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Overview
Comment:Resolve names in CREATE INDEX WHERE clauses and detect errors. Disallow expressions that contain variables, subqueries, or functions. The expression is still not used for anything, however. still unused.
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SHA1:f2aa7842c8b9df24294f09e2bde27b3f08c455c7
User & Date: drh 2013-07-31 19:05:22
Context
2013-07-31
23:22
Add logic to the query planner to only use partial indices if the WHERE clause constrains the search to rows covered by the partial index. This is just infrastructure. The key routine, sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(), is currently a no-op so that partial indices will never be used. check-in: 8ca3eac1 user: drh tags: partial-indices
19:05
Resolve names in CREATE INDEX WHERE clauses and detect errors. Disallow expressions that contain variables, subqueries, or functions. The expression is still not used for anything, however. still unused. check-in: f2aa7842 user: drh tags: partial-indices
18:12
Here begins an experimental branch for exploring the idea of a partial index. This check-in is able to parse a WHERE clause on a CREATE INDEX statement, but does not actually do anythingn with that WHERE clause yet. check-in: 6794b2dc user: drh tags: partial-indices
Changes
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Changes to src/build.c.

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  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
    NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
    ExprList *pList;                /* List of all CHECK constraints */
    int i;                          /* Loop counter */

    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
    sSrc.nSrc = 1;
    sSrc.a[0].zName = p->zName;
    sSrc.a[0].pTab = p;
    sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = &sSrc;
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_IsCheck;
    pList = p->pCheck;
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        return;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
................................................................................
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError==OE_Abort;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
  pIndex->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;


  pIndex->pPartIdxWhere = pPIWhere;
  pPIWhere = 0;

  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

  /* Check to see if we should honor DESC requests on index columns
  */
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>=4 ){
    sortOrderMask = -1;   /* Honor DESC */
  }else{







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  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);



















  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
................................................................................
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError==OE_Abort;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
  pIndex->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  if( pPIWhere ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, pTab, NC_PartIdx, pPIWhere, 0);
    pIndex->pPartIdxWhere = pPIWhere;
    pPIWhere = 0;
  }
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

  /* Check to see if we should honor DESC requests on index columns
  */
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>=4 ){
    sortOrderMask = -1;   /* Honor DESC */
  }else{

Changes to src/resolve.c.

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      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      pItem->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<(iCol>=BMS ? BMS-1 : iCol);
    }
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_Resolved);
  }
  return p;
}


































/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -2, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
        if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"subqueries prohibited in CHECK constraints");
        }
#endif
        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    case TK_VARIABLE: {

      if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"parameters prohibited in CHECK constraints");
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  return (pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed) ? WRC_Abort : WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** pEList is a list of expressions which are really the result set of the
** a SELECT statement.  pE is a term in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.
................................................................................
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = resolveExprStep;
  w.xSelectCallback = resolveSelectStep;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  w.u.pNC = pOuterNC;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, p);
}

















































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      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      pItem->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<(iCol>=BMS ? BMS-1 : iCol);
    }
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_Resolved);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Report an error that an expression is not valid for a partial index WHERE
** clause.
*/
static void notValidPartIdxWhere(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg     /* Type of error */
){
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses",
                    zMsg);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
/*
** Report an error that an expression is not valid for a CHECK constraint.
*/
static void notValidCheckConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg     /* Type of error */
){
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif


/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "functions");
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -2, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
        notValidCheckConstraint(pParse, pNC, "subqueries");
        notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "subqueries");



        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
        }
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      notValidCheckConstraint(pParse, pNC, "parameters");
      notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "parameters");


      break;
    }

  }
  return (pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed) ? WRC_Abort : WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** pEList is a list of expressions which are really the result set of the
** a SELECT statement.  pE is a term in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.
................................................................................
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = resolveExprStep;
  w.xSelectCallback = resolveSelectStep;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  w.u.pNC = pOuterNC;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, p);
}

/*
** Resolve names in expressions that can only reference a single table:
**
**    *   CHECK constraints
**    *   WHERE clauses on partial indices
**
** The Expr.iTable value for Expr.op==TK_COLUMN nodes of the expression
** is set to -1 and the Expr.iColumn value is set to the column number.
**
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NUL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
  sSrc.nSrc = 1;
  sSrc.a[0].zName = pTab->zName;
  sSrc.a[0].pTab = pTab;
  sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = &sSrc;
  sNC.ncFlags = type;
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pExpr) ) return;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        return;
      }
    }
  }
}

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x01    /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x02    /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x04    /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x08    /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_AsMaybe   0x10    /* Resolve to AS terms of the result set only
                             ** if no other resolution is available */


/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
................................................................................
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);







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*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x01    /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x02    /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x04    /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x08    /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_AsMaybe   0x10    /* Resolve to AS terms of the result set only
                             ** if no other resolution is available */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x20    /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */

/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
................................................................................
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);

Changes to test/index6.test.

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    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE nums USING wholenumber;
    INSERT INTO t1(a,b)
       SELECT CASE WHEN value%3!=0 THEN value END, value
         FROM nums WHERE value<=20;
    SELECT count(a), count(b) FROM t1;
  }
} {14 20}




























finish_test








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    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE nums USING wholenumber;
    INSERT INTO t1(a,b)
       SELECT CASE WHEN value%3!=0 THEN value END, value
         FROM nums WHERE value<=20;
    SELECT count(a), count(b) FROM t1;
  }
} {14 20}

do_test index6-1.2 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE INDEX bad1 ON t1(a,b) WHERE c IS NOT NULL;
  }
} {1 {no such column: c}}
do_test index6-1.3 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE INDEX bad1 ON t1(a,b) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT * FROM t1);
  }
} {1 {subqueries prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses}}
do_test index6-1.4 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE INDEX bad1 ON t1(a,b) WHERE a!=?1;
  }
} {1 {parameters prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses}}
do_test index6-1.5 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE INDEX bad1 ON t1(a,b) WHERE a!=random();
  }
} {1 {functions prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses}}
do_test index6-1.6 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE INDEX bad1 ON t1(a,b) WHERE a NOT LIKE 'abc%';
  }
} {1 {functions prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses}}


finish_test