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Overview
Comment:Refactor the sqlite3_normalized_sql() implementation. This is a work-in-progress. There are still issues.
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Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | normalize-refactor
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SHA3-256:a4c890b0af9786295e6df05022009d8946550adb873535c610be805c2b7a4083
User & Date: drh 2018-12-10 16:00:57
Context
2018-12-10
16:49
Fix issues with the new normalizer. Leaf check-in: 057d7d40 user: drh tags: normalize-refactor
16:00
Refactor the sqlite3_normalized_sql() implementation. This is a work-in-progress. There are still issues. check-in: a4c890b0 user: drh tags: normalize-refactor
01:48
Add support for the VACUUM INTO command. check-in: 77f150b8 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/prepare.c.

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  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  assert( (rc&db->errMask)==rc );
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE

/*
** Attempt to estimate the final output buffer size needed for the fully
** normalized version of the specified SQL string.  This should take into
** account any potential expansion that could occur (e.g. via IN clauses
** being expanded, etc).  This size returned is the total number of bytes
** including the NUL terminator.
*/
static int estimateNormalizedSize(
  const char *zSql, /* The original SQL string */
  int nSql          /* Length of original SQL string */
){
  int nOut = nSql + 4;
  const char *z = zSql;
  while( nOut<nSql*5 ){
    while( z[0]!=0 && z[0]!='I' && z[0]!='i' ){ z++; }
    if( z[0]==0 ) break;
    z++;
    if( z[0]!='N' && z[0]!='n' ) break;
    z++;
    while( sqlite3Isspace(z[0]) ){ z++; }
    if( z[0]!='(' ) break;
    z++;
    nOut += 5; /* ?,?,? */
  }
  return nOut;
}

/*
** Copy the current token into the output buffer while dealing with quoted
** identifiers.  By default, all letters will be converted into lowercase.
** If the bUpper flag is set, uppercase will be used.  The piOut argument
** will be used to update the target index into the output string.
*/
static void copyNormalizedToken(
  const char *zSql, /* The original SQL string */
  int iIn,          /* Current index into the original SQL string */
  int nToken,       /* Number of bytes in the current token */
  int tokenFlags,   /* Flags returned by the tokenizer */
  char *zOut,       /* The output string */
  int *piOut        /* Pointer to target index into the output string */
){
  int bQuoted = tokenFlags & SQLITE_TOKEN_QUOTED;
  int bKeyword = tokenFlags & SQLITE_TOKEN_KEYWORD;
  int j = *piOut, k = 0;
  for(; k<nToken; k++){
    if( bQuoted ){
      if( k==0 && iIn>0 ){
        zOut[j++] = '"';
        continue;
      }else if( k==nToken-1 ){
        zOut[j++] = '"';
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( bKeyword ){
      zOut[j++] = sqlite3Toupper(zSql[iIn+k]);
    }else{
      zOut[j++] = sqlite3Tolower(zSql[iIn+k]);
    }
  }
  *piOut = j;
}

/*
** Compute a normalization of the SQL given by zSql[0..nSql-1].  Return
** the normalization in space obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().  Or return
** NULL if anything goes wrong or if zSql is NULL.
*/
char *sqlite3Normalize(
  Vdbe *pVdbe,      /* VM being reprepared */
  const char *zSql, /* The original SQL string */
  int nSql          /* Size of the input string in bytes */
){
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Database handle. */
  char *z;               /* The output string */
  int nZ;                /* Size of the output string in bytes */
  int i;                 /* Next character to read from zSql[] */
  int j;                 /* Next character to fill in on z[] */
  int tokenType = 0;     /* Type of the next token */
  int prevTokenType = 0; /* Type of the previous token, except spaces */
  int n;                 /* Size of the next token */
  int nParen = 0;        /* Nesting level of parenthesis */
  int iStartIN = 0;      /* Start of RHS of IN operator in z[] */
  int nParenAtIN = 0;    /* Value of nParent at start of RHS of IN operator */

  db = sqlite3VdbeDb(pVdbe);
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( zSql==0 ) return 0;
  nZ = estimateNormalizedSize(zSql, nSql);
  z = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, nZ);
  if( z==0 ) goto normalizeError;
  for(i=j=0; i<nSql && zSql[i]; i+=n){
    int flags = 0;
    if( tokenType!=TK_SPACE ) prevTokenType = tokenType;
    n = sqlite3GetTokenNormalized((unsigned char*)zSql+i, &tokenType, &flags);
    switch( tokenType ){
      case TK_SPACE: {
        break;
      }
      case TK_ILLEGAL: {
        goto normalizeError;
      }
      case TK_STRING:
      case TK_INTEGER:
      case TK_FLOAT:
      case TK_VARIABLE:
      case TK_BLOB: {
        z[j++] = '?';
        break;
      }
      case TK_LP:
      case TK_RP: {
        if( tokenType==TK_LP ){
          nParen++;
          if( prevTokenType==TK_IN ){
            iStartIN = j;
            nParenAtIN = nParen;
          }
        }else{
          if( iStartIN>0 && nParen==nParenAtIN ){
            assert( iStartIN+6<nZ );
            memcpy(z+iStartIN+1, "?,?,?", 5);
            j = iStartIN+6;
            assert( nZ-1-j>=0 );
            assert( nZ-1-j<nZ );
            memset(z+j, 0, nZ-1-j);
            iStartIN = 0;
          }
          nParen--;
        }
        assert( nParen>=0 );
        /* Fall through */
      }
      case TK_MINUS:
      case TK_SEMI:
      case TK_PLUS:
      case TK_STAR:
      case TK_SLASH:
      case TK_REM:
      case TK_EQ:
      case TK_LE:
      case TK_NE:
      case TK_LSHIFT:
      case TK_LT:
      case TK_RSHIFT:
      case TK_GT:
      case TK_GE:
      case TK_BITOR:
      case TK_CONCAT:
      case TK_COMMA:
      case TK_BITAND:
      case TK_BITNOT:
      case TK_DOT:
      case TK_IN:
      case TK_IS:
      case TK_NOT:
      case TK_NULL:
      case TK_ID: {
        if( tokenType==TK_NULL ){
          if( prevTokenType==TK_IS || prevTokenType==TK_NOT ){
            /* NULL is a keyword in this case, not a literal value */
          }else{
            /* Here the NULL is a literal value */
            z[j++] = '?';
            break;
          }
        }
        if( j>0 && sqlite3IsIdChar(z[j-1]) && sqlite3IsIdChar(zSql[i]) ){
          z[j++] = ' ';
        }
        if( tokenType==TK_ID ){
          if( zSql[i]=='"'
           && sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(db,pVdbe,zSql+i,n)
          ){
            z[j++] = '?';
            break;
          }
          if( nParen==nParenAtIN ) iStartIN = 0;
        }
        copyNormalizedToken(zSql, i, n, flags, z, &j);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( j<nZ && "one" );
  while( j>0 && z[j-1]==' ' ){ j--; }
  if( j>0 && z[j-1]!=';' ){ z[j++] = ';'; }
  z[j] = 0;
  assert( j<nZ && "two" );
  return z;

normalizeError:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE */

/*
** Rerun the compilation of a statement after a schema change.
**
** If the statement is successfully recompiled, return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise,
** if the statement cannot be recompiled because another connection has
** locked the sqlite3_master table, return SQLITE_LOCKED. If any other error







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  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  assert( (rc&db->errMask)==rc );
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}








































































































































































































/*
** Rerun the compilation of a statement after a schema change.
**
** If the statement is successfully recompiled, return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise,
** if the statement cannot be recompiled because another connection has
** locked the sqlite3_master table, return SQLITE_LOCKED. If any other error

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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#endif
void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterRenameColumn(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
int sqlite3GetTokenNormalized(const unsigned char *, int *, int *);
#endif
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse*, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);







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void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterRenameColumn(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);



void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse*, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

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    }
  }
  while( IdChar(z[i]) ){ i++; }
  *tokenType = TK_ID;
  return i;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
/*
** Return the length (in bytes) of the token that begins at z[0].
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.  If flags has
** SQLITE_TOKEN_NORMALIZE flag enabled, use the identifier token type
** for keywords.  Add SQLITE_TOKEN_QUOTED to flags if the token was
** actually a quoted identifier.  Add SQLITE_TOKEN_KEYWORD to flags
** if the token was recognized as a keyword; this is useful when the
** SQLITE_TOKEN_NORMALIZE flag is used, because it enables the caller
** to differentiate between a keyword being treated as an identifier
** (for normalization purposes) and an actual identifier.
*/
int sqlite3GetTokenNormalized(
  const unsigned char *z,
  int *tokenType,
  int *flags
){
  int n;
  unsigned char iClass = aiClass[*z];
  if( iClass==CC_KYWD ){
    int i;
    for(i=1; aiClass[z[i]]<=CC_KYWD; i++){}
    if( IdChar(z[i]) ){
      /* This token started out using characters that can appear in keywords,
      ** but z[i] is a character not allowed within keywords, so this must
      ** be an identifier instead */
      i++;
      while( IdChar(z[i]) ){ i++; }
      *tokenType = TK_ID;
      return i;
    }
    *tokenType = TK_ID;
    n = keywordCode((char*)z, i, tokenType);
    /* If the token is no longer considered to be an identifier, then it is a
    ** keyword of some kind.  Make the token back into an identifier and then
    ** set the SQLITE_TOKEN_KEYWORD flag.  Several non-identifier tokens are
    ** used verbatim, including IN, IS, NOT, and NULL. */
    switch( *tokenType ){
      case TK_ID: {
        /* do nothing, handled by caller */
        break;
      }
      case TK_IN:
      case TK_IS:
      case TK_NOT:
      case TK_NULL: {
        *flags |= SQLITE_TOKEN_KEYWORD;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        *tokenType = TK_ID;
        *flags |= SQLITE_TOKEN_KEYWORD;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else{
    n = sqlite3GetToken(z, tokenType);
    /* If the token is considered to be an identifier and the character class
    ** of the first character is a quote, set the SQLITE_TOKEN_QUOTED flag. */
    if( *tokenType==TK_ID && (iClass==CC_QUOTE || iClass==CC_QUOTE2) ){
      *flags |= SQLITE_TOKEN_QUOTED;
    }
  }
  return n;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE */

/*
** Run the parser on the given SQL string.  The parser structure is
** passed in.  An SQLITE_ status code is returned.  If an error occurs
** then an and attempt is made to write an error message into 
** memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc() and to make *pzErrMsg point to that
** error message.
*/
................................................................................
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;
    pParse->pZombieTab = p->pNextZombie;
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, p);
  }
  assert( nErr==0 || pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  return nErr;
}









































































































































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    }
  }
  while( IdChar(z[i]) ){ i++; }
  *tokenType = TK_ID;
  return i;
}




































































/*
** Run the parser on the given SQL string.  The parser structure is
** passed in.  An SQLITE_ status code is returned.  If an error occurs
** then an and attempt is made to write an error message into 
** memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc() and to make *pzErrMsg point to that
** error message.
*/
................................................................................
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;
    pParse->pZombieTab = p->pNextZombie;
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, p);
  }
  assert( nErr==0 || pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  return nErr;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
/*
** Insert a single space character into pStr if the current string
** ends with an identifier
*/
static void addSpaceSeparator(sqlite3_str *pStr){
  if( pStr->nChar && sqlite3IsIdChar(pStr->zText[pStr->nChar-1]) ){
    sqlite3_str_append(pStr, " ", 1);
  }
}

/*
** Compute a normalization of the SQL given by zSql[0..nSql-1].  Return
** the normalization in space obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().  Or return
** NULL if anything goes wrong or if zSql is NULL.
*/
char *sqlite3Normalize(
  Vdbe *pVdbe,       /* VM being reprepared */
  const char *zSql,  /* The original SQL string */
  int nSql           /* Size of the input string in bytes */
){
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection */
  int i;             /* Next unread byte of zSql[] */
  int n;             /* length of current token */
  int tokenType;     /* type of current token */
  int prevType;      /* Previous non-whitespace token */
  int nParen;        /* Number of nested levels of parentheses */
  int iStartIN;      /* Start of RHS of IN operator in z[] */
  int nParenAtIN;    /* Value of nParent at start of RHS of IN operator */
  int j;             /* Bytes of normalized SQL generated so far */
  sqlite3_str *pStr; /* The normalized SQL string under construction */

  if( zSql==0 || nSql==0 ) return 0;
  db = sqlite3VdbeDb(pVdbe);
  tokenType = -1;
  nParen = iStartIN = nParenAtIN = 0;
  pStr = sqlite3_str_new(db);
  for(i=0; i<nSql && pStr->accError==0; i+=n){
    if( tokenType!=TK_SPACE ){
      prevType = tokenType;
    }
    n = sqlite3GetToken((unsigned char*)zSql+i, &tokenType);
    if( NEVER(n<=0) ) break;
    switch( tokenType ){
      case TK_SPACE: {
        break;
      }
      case TK_NULL: {
        if( prevType==TK_IS || prevType==TK_NOT ){
          sqlite3_str_append(pStr, " NULL", 5);
          break;
        }
        /* Fall through */
      }
      case TK_STRING:
      case TK_INTEGER:
      case TK_FLOAT:
      case TK_VARIABLE:
      case TK_BLOB: {
        sqlite3_str_append(pStr, "?", 1);
        break;
      }
      case TK_LP: {
        nParen++;
        if( prevType==TK_IN ){
          iStartIN = pStr->nChar;
          nParenAtIN = nParen;
        }
        sqlite3_str_append(pStr, "(", 1);
        break;
      }
      case TK_RP: {
        if( iStartIN>0 && nParen==nParenAtIN ){
          assert( pStr->nChar>=iStartIN );
          pStr->nChar = iStartIN+1;
          sqlite3_str_append(pStr, "?,?,?", 5);
          iStartIN = 0;
        }
        nParen--;
        sqlite3_str_append(pStr, ")", 1);
        break;
      }
      case TK_ID: {
        j = pStr->nChar;
        if( sqlite3Isquote(zSql[i]) ){
          char *zId = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, zSql+i, n);
          int nId;
          int eType = 0;
          if( zId==0 ) break;
          sqlite3Dequote(zId);
          if( zSql[i]=='"' && sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(pVdbe, zId) ){
            sqlite3_str_append(pStr, "?", 1);
            sqlite3DbFree(db, zId);
            break;
          }
          nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
          if( sqlite3GetToken((u8*)zId, &eType)==nId && eType==TK_ID ){
            addSpaceSeparator(pStr);
            sqlite3_str_append(pStr, zId, nId);
          }else{
            sqlite3_str_appendf(pStr, "\"%w\"", zId);
          }
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zId);
        }else{
          addSpaceSeparator(pStr);
          sqlite3_str_append(pStr, zSql+i, n);
        }
        while( j<pStr->nChar ){
          pStr->zText[j] = sqlite3Tolower(pStr->zText[j]);
          j++;
        }
        break;
      }
      default: {
        if( sqlite3IsIdChar(zSql[i]) ) addSpaceSeparator(pStr);
        j = pStr->nChar;
        sqlite3_str_append(pStr, zSql+i, n);
        while( j<pStr->nChar ){
          pStr->zText[j] = sqlite3Toupper(pStr->zText[j]);
          j++;
        }
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_str_finish(pStr);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE */

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
u8 sqlite3VdbePrepareFlags(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
void sqlite3VdbeAddDblquoteStr(sqlite3*,Vdbe*,const char*);
int sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(sqlite3*,Vdbe*,const char*,int);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);







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int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
u8 sqlite3VdbePrepareFlags(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
void sqlite3VdbeAddDblquoteStr(sqlite3*,Vdbe*,const char*);
int sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(Vdbe*,const char*);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
/*
** zId of length nId is a double-quoted identifier.  Check to see if
** that identifier is really used as a string literal.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Used for transient malloc */
  Vdbe *pVdbe,            /* The prepared statement */
  const char *zId,        /* The double-quoted identifier */
  int nId                 /* Bytes in zId, which is not zero-terminated */
){
  char *z;
  DblquoteStr *pStr;
  assert( zId!=0 );
  assert( zId[0]=='"' );
  assert( nId>=2 );
  assert( zId[nId-1]=='"' );
  if( pVdbe->pDblStr==0 ) return 0;
  z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, zId, nId);
  if( z==0 ) return 0;
  sqlite3Dequote(z);
  for(pStr=pVdbe->pDblStr; pStr; pStr=pStr->pNextStr){
    if( strcmp(z, pStr->z)==0 ) break;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  return pStr!=0;
}
#endif

/*
** Swap all content between two VDBE structures.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe *pA, Vdbe *pB){







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#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE
/*
** zId of length nId is a double-quoted identifier.  Check to see if
** that identifier is really used as a string literal.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeUsesDoubleQuotedString(

  Vdbe *pVdbe,            /* The prepared statement */
  const char *zId         /* The double-quoted identifier, already dequoted */

){

  DblquoteStr *pStr;
  assert( zId!=0 );



  if( pVdbe->pDblStr==0 ) return 0;



  for(pStr=pVdbe->pDblStr; pStr; pStr=pStr->pNextStr){
    if( strcmp(zId, pStr->z)==0 ) return 1;
  }

  return 0;
}
#endif

/*
** Swap all content between two VDBE structures.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe *pA, Vdbe *pB){