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Overview
Comment:Avoid redundant string comparisons while merging fts5 segment b-trees.
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Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | fts5
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 5c46820d9b4aae791a8704b69145bd81f1e6780d
User & Date: dan 2015-03-10 19:24:30
Context
2015-03-11
14:51
Add an optimization to the fts5 unicode tokenizer code. check-in: f5db4892 user: dan tags: fts5
2015-03-10
19:24
Avoid redundant string comparisons while merging fts5 segment b-trees. check-in: 5c46820d user: dan tags: fts5
2015-03-07
15:46
Fix some compiler warnings caused by signed/unsigned pointer conversions. check-in: cccee7b5 user: dan tags: fts5
Changes
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Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_index.c.

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** comparison in this context is the index of the iterator that currently
** points to the smaller term/rowid combination. Iterators at EOF are
** considered to be greater than all other iterators.
**
** aFirst[1] contains the index in aSeg[] of the iterator that points to
** the smallest key overall. aFirst[0] is unused. 
*/







struct Fts5MultiSegIter {
  int nSeg;                       /* Size of aSeg[] array */
  int bRev;                       /* True to iterate in reverse order */
  int bSkipEmpty;                 /* True to skip deleted entries */
  Fts5SegIter *aSeg;              /* Array of segment iterators */
  u16 *aFirst;                    /* Current merge state (see above) */
};

/*
** Object for iterating through a single segment, visiting each term/docid
** pair in the segment.
**
** pSeg:
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs, Fts5Index.rc is set to an appropriate error code. It 
** is not considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF. If an error has 
** already occurred when this function is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5SegIterNext(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegIter *pIter              /* Iterator to advance */

){

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pIter->flags & FTS5_SEGITER_REVERSE ){
      if( pIter->iRowidOffset>0 ){
        u8 *a = pIter->pLeaf->p;
        int iOff;
        int nPos;
        i64 iDelta;
................................................................................
      /* Check if the iterator is now at EOF. If so, return early. */
      if( pIter->pLeaf && bNewTerm ){
        if( pIter->flags & FTS5_SEGITER_ONETERM ){
          fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
          pIter->pLeaf = 0;
        }else{
          fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, nKeep);

        }
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  if( pIter->pLeaf ){
    int res;
    pIter->iLeafOffset = fts5GetU16(&pIter->pLeaf->p[2]);
    fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, 0);
    do {
      res = fts5BufferCompareBlob(&pIter->term, pTerm, nTerm);
      if( res>=0 ) break;
      fts5SegIterNext(p, pIter);
    }while( pIter->pLeaf && p->rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( bGe==0 && res ){
      /* Set iterator to point to EOF */
      fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
      pIter->pLeaf = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  fts5BufferFree(&pIter->term);
  fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  fts5DlidxIterFree(pIter->pDlidx);
  sqlite3_free(pIter->aRowidOffset);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegIter));
}










































































/*
** Do the comparison necessary to populate pIter->aFirst[iOut].
**
** If the returned value is non-zero, then it is the index of an entry
** in the pIter->aSeg[] array that is (a) not at EOF, and (b) pointing
** to a key that is a duplicate of another, higher priority, 
** segment-iterator in the pSeg->aSeg[] array.
................................................................................
*/
static int fts5MultiIterDoCompare(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int iOut){
  int i1;                         /* Index of left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int i2;                         /* Index of right-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int iRes;
  Fts5SegIter *p1;                /* Left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  Fts5SegIter *p2;                /* Right-hand Fts5SegIter */


  assert( iOut<pIter->nSeg && iOut>0 );
  assert( pIter->bRev==0 || pIter->bRev==1 );

  if( iOut>=(pIter->nSeg/2) ){
    i1 = (iOut - pIter->nSeg/2) * 2;
    i2 = i1 + 1;
  }else{
    i1 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2];
    i2 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2+1];
  }
  p1 = &pIter->aSeg[i1];
  p2 = &pIter->aSeg[i2];


  if( p1->pLeaf==0 ){           /* If p1 is at EOF */
    iRes = i2;
  }else if( p2->pLeaf==0 ){     /* If p2 is at EOF */
    iRes = i1;
  }else{
    int res = fts5BufferCompare(&p1->term, &p2->term);
    if( res==0 ){
      assert( i2>i1 );
      assert( i2!=0 );

      if( p1->iRowid==p2->iRowid ) return i2;
      res = ((p1->iRowid > p2->iRowid)==pIter->bRev) ? -1 : +1;
    }
    assert( res!=0 );
    if( res<0 ){
      iRes = i1;
    }else{
      iRes = i2;
    }
  }

  pIter->aFirst[iOut] = iRes;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Move the seg-iter so that it points to the first rowid on page iLeafPgno.
** It is an error if leaf iLeafPgno contains no rowid.
*/
................................................................................
      pIter->iLeafPgno = iLeafPgno+1;
      fts5SegIterReverseNewPage(p, pIter);
      bMove = 0;
    }
  }

  while( 1 ){
    if( bMove ) fts5SegIterNext(p, pIter);
    if( pIter->pLeaf==0 ) break;
    if( bRev==0 && pIter->iRowid>=iMatch ) break;
    if( bRev!=0 && pIter->iRowid<=iMatch ) break;
    bMove = 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
  int iChanged,                   /* Index of sub-iterator just advanced */
  int iMinset                     /* Minimum entry in aFirst[] to set */
){
  int i;
  for(i=(pIter->nSeg+iChanged)/2; i>=iMinset && p->rc==SQLITE_OK; i=i/2){
    int iEq;
    if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pIter, i)) ){
      fts5SegIterNext(p, &pIter->aSeg[iEq]);
      i = pIter->nSeg + iEq;
    }
  }
}
































/*
** Move the iterator to the next entry. 
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is left in Fts5Index.rc. It is not 
** considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF, or if it is already at 
** EOF when this function is called.
................................................................................
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter,
  int bFrom,                      /* True if argument iFrom is valid */
  i64 iFrom                       /* Advance at least as far as this */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int bUseFrom = bFrom;
    do {
      int iFirst = pIter->aFirst[1];

      Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[iFirst];
      if( bUseFrom && pSeg->pDlidx ){
        fts5SegIterNextFrom(p, pSeg, iFrom);
      }else{
        fts5SegIterNext(p, pSeg);
      }




      fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pIter, iFirst, 1);



      bUseFrom = 0;
    }while( pIter->bSkipEmpty 
         && fts5SegIterIsDelete(p, &pIter->aSeg[pIter->aFirst[1]])
    );
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a new Fts5MultiSegIter object.
**
................................................................................
** The iterator initially points to the first term/rowid entry in the 
** iterated data.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNew(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend to iterate within */
  Fts5Structure *pStruct,         /* Structure of specific index */
  int iIdx,                       /* Config.aHash[] index of FTS index */
  int bSkipEmpty,
  int flags,                      /* True for >= */
  const u8 *pTerm, int nTerm,     /* Term to seek to (or NULL/0) */
  int iLevel,                     /* Level to iterate (-1 for all) */
  int nSegment,                   /* Number of segments to merge (iLevel>=0) */
  Fts5MultiSegIter **ppOut        /* New object */
){
  int nSeg;                       /* Number of segments merged */
................................................................................
  }else{
    nSeg = MIN(pStruct->aLevel[iLevel].nSeg, nSegment);
  }
  for(nSlot=2; nSlot<nSeg; nSlot=nSlot*2);
  *ppOut = pNew = fts5IdxMalloc(p, 
      sizeof(Fts5MultiSegIter) +          /* pNew */
      sizeof(Fts5SegIter) * nSlot +       /* pNew->aSeg[] */
      sizeof(u16) * nSlot                 /* pNew->aFirst[] */
  );
  if( pNew==0 ) return;
  pNew->nSeg = nSlot;
  pNew->aSeg = (Fts5SegIter*)&pNew[1];
  pNew->aFirst = (u16*)&pNew->aSeg[nSlot];
  pNew->bRev = (0!=(flags & FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC));
  pNew->bSkipEmpty = bSkipEmpty;

  /* Initialize each of the component segment iterators. */
  if( iLevel<0 ){
    Fts5StructureLevel *pEnd = &pStruct->aLevel[pStruct->nLevel];
    if( p->apHash ){
................................................................................
  ** to the first entry in its segment. In this case initialize the 
  ** aFirst[] array. Or, if an error has occurred, free the iterator
  ** object and set the output variable to NULL.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(iIter=nSlot-1; iIter>0; iIter--){
      int iEq;
      if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pNew, iIter)) ){
        fts5SegIterNext(p, &pNew->aSeg[iEq]);
        fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pNew, iEq, iIter);
      }
    }


    if( pNew->bSkipEmpty 
     && fts5SegIterIsDelete(p, &pNew->aSeg[pNew->aFirst[1]]) 
    ){
      fts5MultiIterNext(p, pNew, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
    fts5MultiIterFree(p, pNew);
    *ppOut = 0;
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return true if the iterator is at EOF or if an error has occurred. 
** False otherwise.
*/
static int fts5MultiIterEof(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  return (p->rc || pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ].pLeaf==0);
}

/*
** Return the rowid of the entry that the iterator currently points
** to. If the iterator points to EOF when this function is called the
** results are undefined.
*/
static i64 fts5MultiIterRowid(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  assert( pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ].pLeaf );
  return pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ].iRowid;
}

/*
** Move the iterator to the next entry at or following iMatch.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNextFrom(
  Fts5Index *p, 
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a buffer containing the term associated with the 
** entry that the iterator currently points to.
*/
static const u8 *fts5MultiIterTerm(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int *pn){
  Fts5SegIter *p = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ];
  *pn = p->term.n;
  return p->term.p;
}

/*
** Return true if the chunk iterator passed as the second argument is
** at EOF. Or if an error has already occurred. Otherwise, return false.
................................................................................
*/
static void fts5PosIterInit(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pMulti,       /* Multi-seg iterator to read pos-list from */
  Fts5PosIter *pIter              /* Initialize this object */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pMulti->aSeg[ pMulti->aFirst[1] ];
    memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &pIter->chunk);
    if( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &pIter->chunk)==0 ){
      fts5PosIterNext(p, pIter);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
#endif

  assert( iLvl>=0 );
  for(fts5MultiIterNew(p, pStruct, iIdx, 0, 0, 0, 0, iLvl, nInput, &pIter);
      fts5MultiIterEof(p, pIter)==0;
      fts5MultiIterNext(p, pIter, 0, 0)
  ){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ];
    Fts5ChunkIter sPos;           /* Used to iterate through position list */

    /* If the segment being written is the oldest in the entire index and
    ** the position list is empty (i.e. the entry is a delete marker), no
    ** entry need be written to the output.  */
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &sPos);
    if( bOldest==0 || sPos.nRem>0 ){
................................................................................
  Fts5Index *p,
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pMulti,
  int bSz,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5ChunkIter iter;
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pMulti->aSeg[ pMulti->aFirst[1] ];
    assert( fts5MultiIterEof(p, pMulti)==0 );
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &iter);
    if( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &iter)==0 ){
      if( bSz ){
        fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, pBuf, iter.nRem);
      }
      while( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &iter)==0 ){







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** comparison in this context is the index of the iterator that currently
** points to the smaller term/rowid combination. Iterators at EOF are
** considered to be greater than all other iterators.
**
** aFirst[1] contains the index in aSeg[] of the iterator that points to
** the smallest key overall. aFirst[0] is unused. 
*/

typedef struct Fts5CResult Fts5CResult;
struct Fts5CResult {
  u16 iFirst;                     /* aSeg[] index of firstest iterator */
  u8 bTermEq;                     /* True if the terms are equal */
};

struct Fts5MultiSegIter {
  int nSeg;                       /* Size of aSeg[] array */
  int bRev;                       /* True to iterate in reverse order */
  int bSkipEmpty;                 /* True to skip deleted entries */
  Fts5SegIter *aSeg;              /* Array of segment iterators */
  Fts5CResult *aFirst;            /* Current merge state (see above) */
};

/*
** Object for iterating through a single segment, visiting each term/docid
** pair in the segment.
**
** pSeg:
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs, Fts5Index.rc is set to an appropriate error code. It 
** is not considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF. If an error has 
** already occurred when this function is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5SegIterNext(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegIter *pIter,             /* Iterator to advance */
  int *pbNewTerm                  /* OUT: Set for new term */
){
  assert( pbNewTerm==0 || *pbNewTerm==0 );
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pIter->flags & FTS5_SEGITER_REVERSE ){
      if( pIter->iRowidOffset>0 ){
        u8 *a = pIter->pLeaf->p;
        int iOff;
        int nPos;
        i64 iDelta;
................................................................................
      /* Check if the iterator is now at EOF. If so, return early. */
      if( pIter->pLeaf && bNewTerm ){
        if( pIter->flags & FTS5_SEGITER_ONETERM ){
          fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
          pIter->pLeaf = 0;
        }else{
          fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, nKeep);
          if( pbNewTerm ) *pbNewTerm = 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  if( pIter->pLeaf ){
    int res;
    pIter->iLeafOffset = fts5GetU16(&pIter->pLeaf->p[2]);
    fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, 0);
    do {
      res = fts5BufferCompareBlob(&pIter->term, pTerm, nTerm);
      if( res>=0 ) break;
      fts5SegIterNext(p, pIter, 0);
    }while( pIter->pLeaf && p->rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( bGe==0 && res ){
      /* Set iterator to point to EOF */
      fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
      pIter->pLeaf = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  fts5BufferFree(&pIter->term);
  fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  fts5DlidxIterFree(pIter->pDlidx);
  sqlite3_free(pIter->aRowidOffset);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegIter));
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG

/*
** This function is used as part of the big assert() procedure implemented by
** fts5AssertMultiIterSetup(). It ensures that the result currently stored
** in *pRes is the correct result of comparing the current positions of the
** two iterators.
*/
static void fts5AssertComparisonResult(
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, 
  Fts5SegIter *p1,
  Fts5SegIter *p2,
  Fts5CResult *pRes
){
  int i1 = p1 - pIter->aSeg;
  int i2 = p2 - pIter->aSeg;

  if( p1->pLeaf || p2->pLeaf ){
    if( p1->pLeaf==0 ){
      assert( pRes->iFirst==i2 );
    }else if( p2->pLeaf==0 ){
      assert( pRes->iFirst==i1 );
    }else{
      int nMin = MIN(p1->term.n, p2->term.n);
      int res = memcmp(p1->term.p, p2->term.p, nMin);
      if( res==0 ) res = p1->term.n - p2->term.n;

      if( res==0 ){
        assert( pRes->bTermEq==1 );
        assert( p1->iRowid!=p2->iRowid );
        res = ((p1->iRowid > p2->iRowid)==pIter->bRev) ? -1 : 1;
      }else{
        assert( pRes->bTermEq==0 );
      }

      if( res<0 ){
        assert( pRes->iFirst==i1 );
      }else{
        assert( pRes->iFirst==i2 );
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless SQLITE_DEBUG is defined when this module
** is compiled. In that case, this function is essentially an assert() 
** statement used to verify that the contents of the pIter->aFirst[] array
** are correct.
*/
static void fts5AssertMultiIterSetup(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nSeg; i+=2){
      Fts5SegIter *p1 = &pIter->aSeg[i];
      Fts5SegIter *p2 = &pIter->aSeg[i+1];
      Fts5CResult *pRes = &pIter->aFirst[(pIter->nSeg + i) / 2];
      fts5AssertComparisonResult(pIter, p1, p2, pRes);
    }

    for(i=1; i<(pIter->nSeg / 2); i+=2){
      Fts5CResult *pRes = &pIter->aFirst[i];
      Fts5SegIter *p1 = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[i*2].iFirst ];
      Fts5SegIter *p2 = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[i*2+1].iFirst ];

      fts5AssertComparisonResult(pIter, p1, p2, pRes);
    }
  }
}
#else
# define fts5AssertMultiIterSetup(x,y)
#endif

/*
** Do the comparison necessary to populate pIter->aFirst[iOut].
**
** If the returned value is non-zero, then it is the index of an entry
** in the pIter->aSeg[] array that is (a) not at EOF, and (b) pointing
** to a key that is a duplicate of another, higher priority, 
** segment-iterator in the pSeg->aSeg[] array.
................................................................................
*/
static int fts5MultiIterDoCompare(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int iOut){
  int i1;                         /* Index of left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int i2;                         /* Index of right-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int iRes;
  Fts5SegIter *p1;                /* Left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  Fts5SegIter *p2;                /* Right-hand Fts5SegIter */
  Fts5CResult *pRes = &pIter->aFirst[iOut];

  assert( iOut<pIter->nSeg && iOut>0 );
  assert( pIter->bRev==0 || pIter->bRev==1 );

  if( iOut>=(pIter->nSeg/2) ){
    i1 = (iOut - pIter->nSeg/2) * 2;
    i2 = i1 + 1;
  }else{
    i1 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2].iFirst;
    i2 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2+1].iFirst;
  }
  p1 = &pIter->aSeg[i1];
  p2 = &pIter->aSeg[i2];

  pRes->bTermEq = 0;
  if( p1->pLeaf==0 ){           /* If p1 is at EOF */
    iRes = i2;
  }else if( p2->pLeaf==0 ){     /* If p2 is at EOF */
    iRes = i1;
  }else{
    int res = fts5BufferCompare(&p1->term, &p2->term);
    if( res==0 ){
      assert( i2>i1 );
      assert( i2!=0 );
      pRes->bTermEq = 1;
      if( p1->iRowid==p2->iRowid ) return i2;
      res = ((p1->iRowid > p2->iRowid)==pIter->bRev) ? -1 : +1;
    }
    assert( res!=0 );
    if( res<0 ){
      iRes = i1;
    }else{
      iRes = i2;
    }
  }

  pRes->iFirst = iRes;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Move the seg-iter so that it points to the first rowid on page iLeafPgno.
** It is an error if leaf iLeafPgno contains no rowid.
*/
................................................................................
      pIter->iLeafPgno = iLeafPgno+1;
      fts5SegIterReverseNewPage(p, pIter);
      bMove = 0;
    }
  }

  while( 1 ){
    if( bMove ) fts5SegIterNext(p, pIter, 0);
    if( pIter->pLeaf==0 ) break;
    if( bRev==0 && pIter->iRowid>=iMatch ) break;
    if( bRev!=0 && pIter->iRowid<=iMatch ) break;
    bMove = 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
  int iChanged,                   /* Index of sub-iterator just advanced */
  int iMinset                     /* Minimum entry in aFirst[] to set */
){
  int i;
  for(i=(pIter->nSeg+iChanged)/2; i>=iMinset && p->rc==SQLITE_OK; i=i/2){
    int iEq;
    if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pIter, i)) ){
      fts5SegIterNext(p, &pIter->aSeg[iEq], 0);
      i = pIter->nSeg + iEq;
    }
  }
}

static int fts5MultiIterAdvanceRowid(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend to iterate within */
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter,        /* Iterator to update aFirst[] array for */
  int iChanged                    /* Index of sub-iterator just advanced */
){
  int i;
  Fts5SegIter *pNew = &pIter->aSeg[iChanged];
  Fts5SegIter *pOther = &pIter->aSeg[iChanged ^ 0x0001];

  for(i=(pIter->nSeg+iChanged)/2; p->rc==SQLITE_OK; i=i/2){
    Fts5CResult *pRes = &pIter->aFirst[i];

    assert( pNew->pLeaf );
    assert( pRes->bTermEq==0 || pOther->pLeaf );
    
    if( pRes->bTermEq ){
      if( pNew->iRowid==pOther->iRowid ){
        return 1;
      }else if( (pOther->iRowid>pNew->iRowid)==pIter->bRev ){
        pNew = pOther;
      }
    }
    pRes->iFirst = (pNew - pIter->aSeg);
    if( i==1 ) break;

    pOther = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[i ^ 0x0001].iFirst ];
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Move the iterator to the next entry. 
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is left in Fts5Index.rc. It is not 
** considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF, or if it is already at 
** EOF when this function is called.
................................................................................
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter,
  int bFrom,                      /* True if argument iFrom is valid */
  i64 iFrom                       /* Advance at least as far as this */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int bUseFrom = bFrom;
    do {
      int iFirst = pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst;
      int bNewTerm = 0;
      Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[iFirst];
      if( bUseFrom && pSeg->pDlidx ){
        fts5SegIterNextFrom(p, pSeg, iFrom);
      }else{
        fts5SegIterNext(p, pSeg, &bNewTerm);
      }

      if( pSeg->pLeaf==0 || bNewTerm 
       || fts5MultiIterAdvanceRowid(p, pIter, iFirst)
      ){
        fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pIter, iFirst, 1);
      }
      fts5AssertMultiIterSetup(p, pIter);

      bUseFrom = 0;
    }while( pIter->bSkipEmpty 
         && fts5SegIterIsDelete(p, &pIter->aSeg[pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst])
    );
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a new Fts5MultiSegIter object.
**
................................................................................
** The iterator initially points to the first term/rowid entry in the 
** iterated data.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNew(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend to iterate within */
  Fts5Structure *pStruct,         /* Structure of specific index */
  int iIdx,                       /* Config.aHash[] index of FTS index */
  int bSkipEmpty,                 /* True to ignore delete-keys */
  int flags,                      /* True for >= */
  const u8 *pTerm, int nTerm,     /* Term to seek to (or NULL/0) */
  int iLevel,                     /* Level to iterate (-1 for all) */
  int nSegment,                   /* Number of segments to merge (iLevel>=0) */
  Fts5MultiSegIter **ppOut        /* New object */
){
  int nSeg;                       /* Number of segments merged */
................................................................................
  }else{
    nSeg = MIN(pStruct->aLevel[iLevel].nSeg, nSegment);
  }
  for(nSlot=2; nSlot<nSeg; nSlot=nSlot*2);
  *ppOut = pNew = fts5IdxMalloc(p, 
      sizeof(Fts5MultiSegIter) +          /* pNew */
      sizeof(Fts5SegIter) * nSlot +       /* pNew->aSeg[] */
      sizeof(Fts5CResult) * nSlot         /* pNew->aFirst[] */
  );
  if( pNew==0 ) return;
  pNew->nSeg = nSlot;
  pNew->aSeg = (Fts5SegIter*)&pNew[1];
  pNew->aFirst = (Fts5CResult*)&pNew->aSeg[nSlot];
  pNew->bRev = (0!=(flags & FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC));
  pNew->bSkipEmpty = bSkipEmpty;

  /* Initialize each of the component segment iterators. */
  if( iLevel<0 ){
    Fts5StructureLevel *pEnd = &pStruct->aLevel[pStruct->nLevel];
    if( p->apHash ){
................................................................................
  ** to the first entry in its segment. In this case initialize the 
  ** aFirst[] array. Or, if an error has occurred, free the iterator
  ** object and set the output variable to NULL.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(iIter=nSlot-1; iIter>0; iIter--){
      int iEq;
      if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pNew, iIter)) ){
        fts5SegIterNext(p, &pNew->aSeg[iEq], 0);
        fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pNew, iEq, iIter);
      }
    }
    fts5AssertMultiIterSetup(p, pNew);

    if( pNew->bSkipEmpty 
     && fts5SegIterIsDelete(p, &pNew->aSeg[pNew->aFirst[1].iFirst]) 
    ){
      fts5MultiIterNext(p, pNew, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
    fts5MultiIterFree(p, pNew);
    *ppOut = 0;
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return true if the iterator is at EOF or if an error has occurred. 
** False otherwise.
*/
static int fts5MultiIterEof(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  return (p->rc || pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst ].pLeaf==0);
}

/*
** Return the rowid of the entry that the iterator currently points
** to. If the iterator points to EOF when this function is called the
** results are undefined.
*/
static i64 fts5MultiIterRowid(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  assert( pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst ].pLeaf );
  return pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst ].iRowid;
}

/*
** Move the iterator to the next entry at or following iMatch.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNextFrom(
  Fts5Index *p, 
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a buffer containing the term associated with the 
** entry that the iterator currently points to.
*/
static const u8 *fts5MultiIterTerm(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int *pn){
  Fts5SegIter *p = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst ];
  *pn = p->term.n;
  return p->term.p;
}

/*
** Return true if the chunk iterator passed as the second argument is
** at EOF. Or if an error has already occurred. Otherwise, return false.
................................................................................
*/
static void fts5PosIterInit(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pMulti,       /* Multi-seg iterator to read pos-list from */
  Fts5PosIter *pIter              /* Initialize this object */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pMulti->aSeg[ pMulti->aFirst[1].iFirst ];
    memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &pIter->chunk);
    if( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &pIter->chunk)==0 ){
      fts5PosIterNext(p, pIter);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
#endif

  assert( iLvl>=0 );
  for(fts5MultiIterNew(p, pStruct, iIdx, 0, 0, 0, 0, iLvl, nInput, &pIter);
      fts5MultiIterEof(p, pIter)==0;
      fts5MultiIterNext(p, pIter, 0, 0)
  ){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst ];
    Fts5ChunkIter sPos;           /* Used to iterate through position list */

    /* If the segment being written is the oldest in the entire index and
    ** the position list is empty (i.e. the entry is a delete marker), no
    ** entry need be written to the output.  */
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &sPos);
    if( bOldest==0 || sPos.nRem>0 ){
................................................................................
  Fts5Index *p,
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pMulti,
  int bSz,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5ChunkIter iter;
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pMulti->aSeg[ pMulti->aFirst[1].iFirst ];
    assert( fts5MultiIterEof(p, pMulti)==0 );
    fts5ChunkIterInit(p, pSeg, &iter);
    if( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &iter)==0 ){
      if( bSz ){
        fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, pBuf, iter.nRem);
      }
      while( fts5ChunkIterEof(p, &iter)==0 ){