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Overview
Comment:Initial implementation for json_array_length(), json_extract(), and json_type().
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | json
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 39983204515837e7bd574cf47918e493acc03d1f
User & Date: drh 2015-08-17 15:17:37
Context
2015-08-17
20:14
Add an initial implementation for json_remove(). check-in: 2a826720 user: drh tags: json
15:17
Initial implementation for json_array_length(), json_extract(), and json_type(). check-in: 39983204 user: drh tags: json
11:28
Abandon the JSONB format for now. (We may return to it in the future.) Add a function to render a JSON parse. check-in: 9703c0aa user: drh tags: json
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** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.)
*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>


/* Unsigned integer types */
typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned char u8;

/* An instance of this object represents a JSON string
................................................................................
#define JSON_TRUE     1
#define JSON_FALSE    2
#define JSON_INT      3
#define JSON_REAL     4
#define JSON_STRING   5
#define JSON_ARRAY    6
#define JSON_OBJECT   7









/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
typedef struct JsonNode JsonNode;
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 bRaw;               /* Content is raw, rather than JSON encoded */

  u32 n;                 /* Bytes of content, or number of sub-nodes */
  const char *zJContent; /* JSON content */
};

/* A completely parsed JSON string
*/
typedef struct JsonParse JsonParse;
................................................................................
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 1);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 0);
      break;
    }





    /* FIXME:  We really want to do text->numeric conversion on these.
    ** Doing so would be easy if these were internal routines, but the
    ** necessary interfaces are not exposed for doing it as a loadable
    ** extension. */
    case JSON_REAL:
    case JSON_INT: {

      sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->zJContent, pNode->n, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);




      break;
    }

    case JSON_STRING: {
      if( pNode->bRaw ){
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->zJContent, pNode->n, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);




      }else{
        /* Translate JSON formatted string into raw text */




























































      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      Json s;
      jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
................................................................................
      jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s);
      jsonResult(&s);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_array(VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** array that contains all values given in arguments.  Or if any argument
** is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonArrayFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  Json jx;
  char cSep = '[';

  jsonInit(&jx, context);
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, &cSep, 1);
    cSep = ',';
    switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i]) ){
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
        u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_TEXT: {
        const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
        u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
        jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        jsonZero(&jx);
        sqlite3_result_error(context, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "]", 1);
  jsonResult(&jx);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonObjectFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  Json jx;
  char cSep = '{';
  const char *z;
  u32 n;

  if( argc&1 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "json_object() requires an even number "
                                  "of arguments", -1);
    return;
  }
  jsonInit(&jx, context);
  for(i=0; i<argc; i+=2){
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, &cSep, 1);
    cSep = ',';
    if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i])!=SQLITE_TEXT ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "json_object() labels must be TEXT", -1);
      jsonZero(&jx);
      return;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, ":", 1);
    switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i+1]) ){
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i+1]);
        n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i+1]);
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_TEXT: {
        z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i+1]);
        n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i+1]);
        jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        jsonZero(&jx);
        sqlite3_result_error(context, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "}", 1);
  jsonResult(&jx);
}

/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
** instance to the JsonParse.  Return the index in pParse->aNode[] of the
** new node, or -1 if a memory allocation fails.
*/
static int jsonParseAddNode(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
................................................................................
    }
    pParse->nAlloc = nNew;
    pParse->aNode = pNew;
  }
  p = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode];
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->bRaw = 0;

  p->n = n;
  p->zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}

/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
................................................................................
      if( c!=']' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='"' ){
    /* Parse string */

    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = pParse->zJson[j];
      if( c==0 ) return -1;
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = pParse->zJson[++j];
        if( c==0 ) return -1;

      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &pParse->zJson[i]);

    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='n'
         && strncmp(pParse->zJson+i,"null",4)==0
         && !isalnum(pParse->zJson[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='t'
................................................................................
    pParse->aNode = 0;
    pParse->nNode = 0;
    pParse->nAlloc = 0;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}























































/*
** The json_parse(JSON) function returns a string which describes
** a parse of the JSON provided.  Or it returns NULL if JSON is not
** well-formed.
*/
static void jsonParseFunc(
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Json s;       /* Output string - not real JSON */
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  u32 i;
  char zBuf[50];
  static const char *azType[] = {
    "NULL", "TRUE", "FALSE", "INT", "REAL", "STRING", "ARRAY", "OBJECT"
  };

  assert( argc==1 );
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonInit(&s, context);
  for(i=0; i<x.nNode; i++){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "node %u:\n", i);
    jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "  type: %s\n",
                     azType[x.aNode[i].eType]);
    jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    if( x.aNode[i].eType>=JSON_INT ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "     n: %u\n", x.aNode[i].n);
      jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    }
    if( x.aNode[i].zJContent!=0 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "  ofst: %u\n",
................................................................................
){
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, x.nNode);
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}


























































































































































































































#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
................................................................................
  int i;
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json_array",     -1,    jsonArrayFunc     },



    { "json_object",    -1,    jsonObjectFunc    },




    { "json_parse",      1,    jsonParseFunc     },  /* DEBUG */
    { "json_test1",      1,    jsonTest1Func     },  /* DEBUG */
    { "json_nodecount",  1,    jsonNodeCountFunc },  /* DEBUG */
  };
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}







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** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.)
*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* Unsigned integer types */
typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned char u8;

/* An instance of this object represents a JSON string
................................................................................
#define JSON_TRUE     1
#define JSON_FALSE    2
#define JSON_INT      3
#define JSON_REAL     4
#define JSON_STRING   5
#define JSON_ARRAY    6
#define JSON_OBJECT   7

/*
** Names of the various JSON types:
*/
static const char * const jsonType[] = {
  "null", "true", "false", "integer", "real", "text", "array", "object"
};


/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
typedef struct JsonNode JsonNode;
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 bRaw;               /* Content is raw, rather than JSON encoded */
  u8 bBackslash;         /* Formatted JSON_STRING contains \ escapes */
  u32 n;                 /* Bytes of content, or number of sub-nodes */
  const char *zJContent; /* JSON content */
};

/* A completely parsed JSON string
*/
typedef struct JsonParse JsonParse;
................................................................................
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 1);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_REAL: {
      double r = strtod(pNode->zJContent, 0);
      sqlite3_result_double(pCtx, r);
      break;
    }





    case JSON_INT: {
      sqlite3_int64 i = 0;
      const char *z = pNode->zJContent;
      if( z[0]=='-' ){ z++; }
      while( z[0]>='0' && z[0]<='9' ){ i = i*10 + *(z++) - '0'; }
      if( pNode->zJContent[0]=='-' ){ i = -i; }
      sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, i);
      break;
    }

    case JSON_STRING: {
      if( pNode->bRaw ){
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->zJContent, pNode->n, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else if( !pNode->bBackslash ){
        /* JSON formatted without any backslash-escapes */
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->zJContent+1, pNode->n-2,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else{
        /* Translate JSON formatted string into raw text */
        u32 i;
        u32 n = pNode->n;
        const char *z = pNode->zJContent;
        char *zOut;
        u32 j;
        zOut = sqlite3_malloc( n+1 );
        if( zOut==0 ){
          sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
          break;
        }
        for(i=1, j=0; i<n-1; i++){
          char c = z[i];
          if( c!='\\' && z[i+1] ){
            zOut[j++] = c;
          }else{
            c = z[++i];
            if( c=='u' && z[1] ){
              u32 v = 0, k;
              z++;
              for(k=0; k<4 && z[k]; k++){
                c = z[0];
                if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) v = v*16 + c - '0';
                else if( c>='A' && c<='F' ) v = v*16 + c - 'A' + 10;
                else if( c>='a' && c<='f' ) v = v*16 + c - 'a' + 10;
                else break;
                z++;
              }
              if( v<=0x7f ){
                zOut[j++] = v;
              }else if( v<=0x7ff ){
                zOut[j++] = 0xc0 | (v>>6);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }else if( v<=0xffff ){
                zOut[j++] = 0xe0 | (v>>12);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | ((v>>6)&0x3f);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }else if( v<=0x10ffff ){
                zOut[j++] = 0xf0 | (v>>18);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | ((v>>12)&0x3f);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | ((v>>6)&0x3f);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }
            }else{
              if( c=='b' ){
                c = '\b';
              }else if( c=='f' ){
                c = '\f';
              }else if( c=='n' ){
                c = '\n';
              }else if( c=='r' ){
                c = '\r';
              }else if( c=='t' ){
                c = '\t';
              }
              zOut[j++] = c;
            }
          }
        }
        zOut[j] = 0;
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut, j, sqlite3_free);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      Json s;
      jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
................................................................................
      jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s);
      jsonResult(&s);
      break;
    }
  }
}















































































































/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
** instance to the JsonParse.  Return the index in pParse->aNode[] of the
** new node, or -1 if a memory allocation fails.
*/
static int jsonParseAddNode(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
................................................................................
    }
    pParse->nAlloc = nNew;
    pParse->aNode = pNew;
  }
  p = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode];
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->bRaw = 0;
  p->bBackslash = 0;
  p->n = n;
  p->zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}

/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
................................................................................
      if( c!=']' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='"' ){
    /* Parse string */
    u8 bBackslash = 0;
    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = pParse->zJson[j];
      if( c==0 ) return -1;
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = pParse->zJson[++j];
        if( c==0 ) return -1;
        bBackslash = 1;
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &pParse->zJson[i]);
    if( bBackslash ) pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1].bBackslash = 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='n'
         && strncmp(pParse->zJson+i,"null",4)==0
         && !isalnum(pParse->zJson[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='t'
................................................................................
    pParse->aNode = 0;
    pParse->nNode = 0;
    pParse->nAlloc = 0;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}
/*
** Search along zPath to find the node specified.  Return a pointer
** to that node, or NULL if zPath is malformed or if there is no such
** node.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookup(JsonNode *pRoot, const char *zPath){
  u32 i, j;
  if( zPath[0]==0 ) return pRoot;
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ) return 0;
    zPath++;
    for(i=0; isalnum(zPath[i]); i++){}
    if( i==0 ) return 0;
    j = 1;
    while( j<=pRoot->n ){
      if( pRoot[j].n==i+2
       && strncmp(&pRoot[j].zJContent[1],zPath,i)==0
      ){
        return jsonLookup(&pRoot[j+1], &zPath[i]);
      }
      j++;
      if( pRoot[j].eType==JSON_ARRAY || pRoot[j].eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        j += pRoot[j].n;
      }
      j++;
    }
  }else if( zPath[0]=='[' && isdigit(zPath[1]) ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_ARRAY ) return 0;
    i = 0;
    zPath++;
    while( isdigit(zPath[0]) ){
      i = i + zPath[0] - '0';
      zPath++;
    }
    if( zPath[0]!=']' ) return 0;
    zPath++;
    j = 1;
    while( i>0 && j<=pRoot->n ){
      if( pRoot[j].eType==JSON_ARRAY || pRoot[j].eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        j += pRoot[j].n;
      }
      j++;
      i--;
    }
    if( j<=pRoot->n ){
      return jsonLookup(&pRoot[j], zPath);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/****************************************************************************
** SQL functions used for testing and debugging
****************************************************************************/

/*
** The json_parse(JSON) function returns a string which describes
** a parse of the JSON provided.  Or it returns NULL if JSON is not
** well-formed.
*/
static void jsonParseFunc(
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Json s;       /* Output string - not real JSON */
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  u32 i;
  char zBuf[50];




  assert( argc==1 );
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonInit(&s, context);
  for(i=0; i<x.nNode; i++){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "node %u:\n", i);
    jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "  type: %s\n",
                     jsonType[x.aNode[i].eType]);
    jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    if( x.aNode[i].eType>=JSON_INT ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "     n: %u\n", x.aNode[i].n);
      jsonAppend(&s, zBuf);
    }
    if( x.aNode[i].zJContent!=0 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "  ofst: %u\n",
................................................................................
){
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, x.nNode);
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}

/****************************************************************************
** SQL function implementations
****************************************************************************/

/*
** Implementation of the json_array(VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** array that contains all values given in arguments.  Or if any argument
** is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonArrayFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  Json jx;
  char cSep = '[';

  jsonInit(&jx, context);
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, &cSep, 1);
    cSep = ',';
    switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i]) ){
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
        u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_TEXT: {
        const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
        u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
        jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        jsonZero(&jx);
        sqlite3_result_error(context, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "]", 1);
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
** json_array_length(JSON)
** json_array_length(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the number of elements in the top-level JSON array.  
** Return 0 if the input is not a well-formed JSON array.
*/
static void jsonArrayLengthFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  sqlite3_int64 n = 0;
  u32 i;
  const char *zPath;

  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 ) return;
    if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
    zPath++;
  }else{
    zPath = 0;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))==0 ){
    if( x.nNode ){
      JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
      if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(pNode, zPath);
      if( pNode->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        for(i=1; i<=pNode->n; i++, n++){
          if( pNode[i].eType==JSON_ARRAY || pNode[i].eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
            i += pNode[i].n;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
  }
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, n);
}

/*
** json_extract(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the element described by PATH.  Return NULL if JSON is not
** valid JSON or if there is no PATH element or if PATH is malformed.
*/
static void jsonExtractFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  assert( argc==2 );
  zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if( zPath==0 ) return;
  if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
  zPath++;
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  pNode = jsonLookup(x.aNode, zPath);
  if( pNode ){
    jsonReturn(pNode, context);
  }
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonObjectFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  Json jx;
  char cSep = '{';
  const char *z;
  u32 n;

  if( argc&1 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "json_object() requires an even number "
                                  "of arguments", -1);
    return;
  }
  jsonInit(&jx, context);
  for(i=0; i<argc; i+=2){
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, &cSep, 1);
    cSep = ',';
    if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i])!=SQLITE_TEXT ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "json_object() labels must be TEXT", -1);
      jsonZero(&jx);
      return;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendRaw(&jx, ":", 1);
    switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i+1]) ){
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i+1]);
        n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i+1]);
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_TEXT: {
        z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i+1]);
        n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i+1]);
        jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        jsonZero(&jx);
        sqlite3_result_error(context, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "}", 1);
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
** json_type(JSON)
** json_type(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the top-level "type" of a JSON string.  Return NULL if the
** input is not a well-formed JSON string.
*/
static void jsonTypeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  const char *zPath;

  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 ) return;
    if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
    zPath++;
  }else{
    zPath = 0;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
    if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(pNode, zPath);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}

#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
................................................................................
  int i;
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json_array",          -1,    jsonArrayFunc         },
    { "json_array_length",    1,    jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_array_length",    2,    jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_extract",         2,    jsonExtractFunc       },
    { "json_object",         -1,    jsonObjectFunc        },
    { "json_type",            1,    jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_type",            2,    jsonTypeFunc          },

    /* DEBUG and TESTING functions */
    { "json_parse",           1,    jsonParseFunc     },
    { "json_test1",           1,    jsonTest1Func     },
    { "json_nodecount",       1,    jsonNodeCountFunc },
  };
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}