|Title:||Incorrect join result or assertion fault due to transitive constraints|
|Last Modified:||2013-07-08 21:13:16|
|Version Found In:||3.7.17|
drh added on 2013-07-08 18:02:53:
The following SQL should return a single row of result. But due to the transitive constraint optimization, it either hits an assertion fault or it returns zero rows (depending on whether the SQLITE_DEBUG compile-time option is used.) Note that SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is required for this bug to appear.
CREATE TABLE t1(w INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, x); CREATE TABLE t2(y INTEGER, z); INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,2); INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,3); SELECT * FROM t1 CROSS JOIN t2 WHERE w=y AND y IS NOT NULL;
The problem appears to have been introduced by check-in [38852f158ab].
Low-level technical details: The "y IS NOT NULL" constraint is translated into a "y>NULL" virtual constraint when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is defined. The y>NULL constraint tagged to indicate that the usual not-NULL check on the right-hand side should be skipped since this is an artificial constraint. The normal index handler knows to check for that tag and skip the not-NULL check. But after the transitive constraints were added, there is now also a "w>NULL" virtual constraint (because w=x). The w>NULL constraint is also tagged, but the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY handlers does not know to check for that tag and to skip the not-NULL check. It sees that the right-hand side of the constraint is NULL and all fails the constraint, resulting in no output rows.