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Overview
Comment:Add the OS-X locking style patches to os_unix.c. Disabled by default. (CVS 3459)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:f4103dea5e1a87adccccca715946e174d1cc7450
User & Date: drh 2006-10-03 17:40:40
Context
2006-10-03
19:05
Report the error SQLITE_CORRUPT instead of SQLITE_IOERR if unable to rollback a hot journal that was damaged (for example) by filesystem corruption following a power failure. (CVS 3460) check-in: 70501e4e user: drh tags: trunk
17:40
Add the OS-X locking style patches to os_unix.c. Disabled by default. (CVS 3459) check-in: f4103dea user: drh tags: trunk
12:08
Fix sqlite3_analyzer so that it works when compiled against Tcl8.5. (CVS 3458) check-in: e774adce user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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**
** This file contains code that is specific to Unix systems.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#if OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */



/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on Posix if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, these should be no-ops.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
................................................................................
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <errno.h>






/*
** If we are to be thread-safe, include the pthreads header and define
** the SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS macro.
*/
#if defined(THREADSAFE) && THREADSAFE
# include <pthread.h>
................................................................................
** protability layer.
*/
typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  IoMethod const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  struct openCnt *pOpen;    /* Info about all open fd's on this inode */
  struct lockInfo *pLock;   /* Info about locks on this inode */



  int h;                    /* The file descriptor */
  unsigned char locktype;   /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char isOpen;     /* True if needs to be closed */
  unsigned char fullSync;   /* Use F_FULLSYNC if available */
  int dirfd;                /* File descriptor for the directory */
  i64 offset;               /* Seek offset */
#ifdef SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS
................................................................................
** these hash tables must be protected by a mutex.
*/
static Hash lockHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 
    sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc, sqlite3ThreadSafeFree, 0, 0};
static Hash openHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 
    sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc, sqlite3ThreadSafeFree, 0, 0};



























#ifdef SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS
/*
** This variable records whether or not threads can override each others
** locks.
**
**    0:  No.  Threads cannot override each others locks.
**    1:  Yes.  Threads can override each others locks.
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS */

/*
** Release a lockInfo structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseLockInfo(struct lockInfo *pLock){
  assert( sqlite3OsInMutex(1) );


  pLock->nRef--;
  if( pLock->nRef==0 ){
    sqlite3HashInsert(&lockHash, &pLock->key, sizeof(pLock->key), 0);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(pLock);
  }
}

/*
** Release a openCnt structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseOpenCnt(struct openCnt *pOpen){
  assert( sqlite3OsInMutex(1) );


  pOpen->nRef--;
  if( pOpen->nRef==0 ){
    sqlite3HashInsert(&openHash, &pOpen->key, sizeof(pOpen->key), 0);
    free(pOpen->aPending);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(pOpen);
  }
}








































































/*
** Given a file descriptor, locate lockInfo and openCnt structures that
** describes that file descriptor.  Create new ones if necessary.  The
** return values might be uninitialized if an error occurs.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
................................................................................
  }
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    /* We cannot change ownership while we are holding a lock! */
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  TRACE4("Transfer ownership of %d from %d to %d\n", pFile->h,pFile->tid,hSelf);
  pFile->tid = hSelf;

  releaseLockInfo(pFile->pLock);
  rc = findLockInfo(pFile->h, &pFile->pLock, 0);
  TRACE5("LOCK    %d is now %s(%s,%d)\n", pFile->h,
     locktypeName(pFile->locktype),
     locktypeName(pFile->pLock->locktype), pFile->pLock->cnt);
  return rc;



}
#else
  /* On single-threaded builds, ownership transfer is a no-op */
# define transferOwnership(X) SQLITE_OK
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the named file exists.
*/
int sqlite3UnixFileExists(const char *zFilename){
  return access(zFilename, 0)==0;
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int allocateUnixFile(unixFile *pInit, OsFile **pId);






/*
** Attempt to open a file for both reading and writing.  If that
** fails, try opening it read-only.  If the file does not exist,
** try to create it.
**
** On success, a handle for the open file is written to *id
................................................................................
** *id and *pReadonly unchanged.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenReadWrite(
  const char *zFilename,
  OsFile **pId,
  int *pReadonly
){
  int rc;
  unixFile f;

  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenReadWrite, zFilename, pId, pReadonly);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  f.h = open(zFilename, O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY,
                          SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( f.h<0 ){
#ifdef EISDIR
    if( errno==EISDIR ){
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
    }
#endif
    f.h = open(zFilename, O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);
    if( f.h<0 ){
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN; 
    }
    *pReadonly = 1;
  }else{
    *pReadonly = 0;
  }
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  rc = findLockInfo(f.h, &f.pLock, &f.pOpen);
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  if( rc ){
    close(f.h);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  TRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", f.h, zFilename);
  return allocateUnixFile(&f, pId);
}


/*
** Attempt to open a new file for exclusive access by this process.
** The file will be opened for both reading and writing.  To avoid
** a potential security problem, we do not allow the file to have
................................................................................
** the file when it is closed.
**
** On success, write the file handle into *id and return SQLITE_OK.
**
** On failure, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenExclusive(const char *zFilename, OsFile **pId, int delFlag){
  int rc;
  unixFile f;

  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenExclusive, zFilename, pId, delFlag);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  f.h = open(zFilename,
                O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_NOFOLLOW|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY,
                SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( f.h<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  rc = findLockInfo(f.h, &f.pLock, &f.pOpen);
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  if( rc ){
    close(f.h);
    unlink(zFilename);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( delFlag ){
    unlink(zFilename);
  }
  TRACE3("OPEN-EX %-3d %s\n", f.h, zFilename);
  return allocateUnixFile(&f, pId);
}

/*
** Attempt to open a new file for read-only access.
**
** On success, write the file handle into *id and return SQLITE_OK.
**
** On failure, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenReadOnly(const char *zFilename, OsFile **pId){
  int rc;
  unixFile f;

  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenReadOnly, zFilename, pId, 0);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  f.h = open(zFilename, O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);
  if( f.h<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  rc = findLockInfo(f.h, &f.pLock, &f.pOpen);
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  if( rc ){
    close(f.h);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  TRACE3("OPEN-RO %-3d %s\n", f.h, zFilename);
  return allocateUnixFile(&f, pId);
}

/*
** Attempt to open a file descriptor for the directory that contains a
** file.  This file descriptor can be used to fsync() the directory
** in order to make sure the creation of a new file is actually written
** to disk.
**
** This routine is only meaningful for Unix.  It is a no-op under
** windows since windows does not support hard links.



**
** On success, a handle for a previously open file at *id is
** updated with the new directory file descriptor and SQLITE_OK is
** returned.
**
** On failure, the function returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN and leaves
** *id unchanged.
................................................................................
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Turn a relative pathname into a full pathname.  Return a pointer
** to the full pathname stored in space obtained from sqliteMalloc().
** The calling function is responsible for freeing this space once it
** is no longer needed.
*/
char *sqlite3UnixFullPathname(const char *zRelative){
................................................................................
  unixFileSize,
  unixLock,
  unixUnlock,
  unixLockState,
  unixCheckReservedLock,
};


/*






















































































** Allocate memory for a unixFile.  Initialize the new unixFile
** to the value given in pInit and return a pointer to the new
** OsFile.  If we run out of memory, close the file and return NULL.
*/







static int allocateUnixFile(unixFile *pInit, OsFile **pId){






  unixFile *pNew;





















  pInit->dirfd = -1;
  pInit->fullSync = 0;
  pInit->locktype = 0;
  pInit->offset = 0;

  SET_THREADID(pInit);
  pNew = sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc( sizeof(unixFile) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    close(pInit->h);
    sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
    releaseLockInfo(pInit->pLock);
    releaseOpenCnt(pInit->pOpen);

















































































    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
    *pId = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    *pNew = *pInit;
    pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3UnixIoMethod;
    *pId = (OsFile*)pNew;
    OpenCounter(+1);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */
/***************************************************************************
** Everything above deals with file I/O.  Everything that follows deals
** with other miscellanous aspects of the operating system interface
****************************************************************************/








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**
** This file contains code that is specific to Unix systems.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#if OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */

/* #define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0 */

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on Posix if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, these should be no-ops.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
................................................................................
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

/*
** If we are to be thread-safe, include the pthreads header and define
** the SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS macro.
*/
#if defined(THREADSAFE) && THREADSAFE
# include <pthread.h>
................................................................................
** protability layer.
*/
typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  IoMethod const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  struct openCnt *pOpen;    /* Info about all open fd's on this inode */
  struct lockInfo *pLock;   /* Info about locks on this inode */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  void *lockingContext;     /* Locking style specific state */
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
  int h;                    /* The file descriptor */
  unsigned char locktype;   /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char isOpen;     /* True if needs to be closed */
  unsigned char fullSync;   /* Use F_FULLSYNC if available */
  int dirfd;                /* File descriptor for the directory */
  i64 offset;               /* Seek offset */
#ifdef SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS
................................................................................
** these hash tables must be protected by a mutex.
*/
static Hash lockHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 
    sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc, sqlite3ThreadSafeFree, 0, 0};
static Hash openHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 
    sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc, sqlite3ThreadSafeFree, 0, 0};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
** The locking styles are associated with the different file locking
** capabilities supported by different file systems.  
**
** POSIX locking style fully supports shared and exclusive byte-range locks 
** ADP locking only supports exclusive byte-range locks
** FLOCK only supports a single file-global exclusive lock
** DOTLOCK isn't a true locking style, it refers to the use of a special
**   file named the same as the database file with a '.lock' extension, this
**   can be used on file systems that do not offer any reliable file locking
** NO locking means that no locking will be attempted, this is only used for
**   read-only file systems currently
** UNSUPPORTED means that no locking will be attempted, this is only used for
**   file systems that are known to be unsupported
*/
typedef enum {
	posixLockingStyle = 0,       /* standard posix-advisory locks */
	afpLockingStyle,             /* use afp locks */
	flockLockingStyle,           /* use flock() */
	dotlockLockingStyle,         /* use <file>.lock files */
	noLockingStyle,              /* useful for read-only file system */
	unsupportedLockingStyle      /* indicates unsupported file system */
} sqlite3LockingStyle;
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS
/*
** This variable records whether or not threads can override each others
** locks.
**
**    0:  No.  Threads cannot override each others locks.
**    1:  Yes.  Threads can override each others locks.
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_UNIX_THREADS */

/*
** Release a lockInfo structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseLockInfo(struct lockInfo *pLock){
  assert( sqlite3OsInMutex(1) );
  if (pLock == NULL)
    return;
  pLock->nRef--;
  if( pLock->nRef==0 ){
    sqlite3HashInsert(&lockHash, &pLock->key, sizeof(pLock->key), 0);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(pLock);
  }
}

/*
** Release a openCnt structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseOpenCnt(struct openCnt *pOpen){
  assert( sqlite3OsInMutex(1) );
  if (pOpen == NULL)
    return;
  pOpen->nRef--;
  if( pOpen->nRef==0 ){
    sqlite3HashInsert(&openHash, &pOpen->key, sizeof(pOpen->key), 0);
    free(pOpen->aPending);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(pOpen);
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
** Tests a byte-range locking query to see if byte range locks are 
** supported, if not we fall back to dotlockLockingStyle.
*/
static sqlite3LockingStyle sqlite3TestLockingStyle(const char *filePath, 
  int fd) {
  /* test byte-range lock using fcntl */
  struct flock lockInfo;
  
  lockInfo.l_len = 1;
  lockInfo.l_start = 0;
  lockInfo.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
  lockInfo.l_type = F_RDLCK;
  
  if (fcntl(fd, F_GETLK, (int) &lockInfo) != -1) {
    return posixLockingStyle;
  } 
  
  /* testing for flock can give false positives.  So if if the above test
  ** fails, then we fall back to using dot-lock style locking.
  */  
  return dotlockLockingStyle;
}

/* 
** Examines the f_fstypename entry in the statfs structure as returned by 
** stat() for the file system hosting the database file, assigns the 
** appropriate locking style based on it's value.  These values and 
** assignments are based on Darwin/OSX behavior and have not been tested on 
** other systems.
*/
static sqlite3LockingStyle sqlite3DetectLockingStyle(const char *filePath, 
  int fd) {

#ifdef SQLITE_FIXED_LOCKING_STYLE
  return (sqlite3LockingStyle)SQLITE_FIXED_LOCKING_STYLE;
#else
  struct statfs fsInfo;

  if (statfs(filePath, &fsInfo) == -1)
    return sqlite3TestLockingStyle(filePath, fd);
  
  if (fsInfo.f_flags & MNT_RDONLY)
    return noLockingStyle;
  
  if( (!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "hfs")) ||
    (!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "ufs")) )
		return posixLockingStyle;
  
  if(!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "afpfs"))
    return afpLockingStyle;
  
  if(!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "nfs")) 
    return sqlite3TestLockingStyle(filePath, fd);
  
  if(!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "smbfs"))
    return flockLockingStyle;
  
  if(!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "msdos"))
    return dotlockLockingStyle;
  
  if(!strcmp(fsInfo.f_fstypename, "webdav"))
    return unsupportedLockingStyle;
  
  return sqlite3TestLockingStyle(filePath, fd);  
#endif // SQLITE_FIXED_LOCKING_STYLE
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

/*
** Given a file descriptor, locate lockInfo and openCnt structures that
** describes that file descriptor.  Create new ones if necessary.  The
** return values might be uninitialized if an error occurs.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
................................................................................
  }
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    /* We cannot change ownership while we are holding a lock! */
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  TRACE4("Transfer ownership of %d from %d to %d\n", pFile->h,pFile->tid,hSelf);
  pFile->tid = hSelf;
  if (pFile->pLock != NULL) {
    releaseLockInfo(pFile->pLock);
    rc = findLockInfo(pFile->h, &pFile->pLock, 0);
    TRACE5("LOCK    %d is now %s(%s,%d)\n", pFile->h,
           locktypeName(pFile->locktype),
           locktypeName(pFile->pLock->locktype), pFile->pLock->cnt);
    return rc;
  } else {
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}
#else
  /* On single-threaded builds, ownership transfer is a no-op */
# define transferOwnership(X) SQLITE_OK
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the named file exists.
*/
int sqlite3UnixFileExists(const char *zFilename){
  return access(zFilename, 0)==0;
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int allocateUnixFile(
  int h,                    /* File descriptor of the open file */
  OsFile **pId,             /* Write the real file descriptor here */
  const char *zFilename,    /* Name of the file being opened */
  int delFlag               /* If true, make sure the file deletes on close */
);

/*
** Attempt to open a file for both reading and writing.  If that
** fails, try opening it read-only.  If the file does not exist,
** try to create it.
**
** On success, a handle for the open file is written to *id
................................................................................
** *id and *pReadonly unchanged.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenReadWrite(
  const char *zFilename,
  OsFile **pId,
  int *pReadonly
){
  int h;

  
  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenReadWrite, zFilename, pId, pReadonly);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  h = open(zFilename, O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY,
                        SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( h<0 ){
#ifdef EISDIR
    if( errno==EISDIR ){
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
    }
#endif
    h = open(zFilename, O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);
    if( h<0 ){
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN; 
    }
    *pReadonly = 1;
  }else{
    *pReadonly = 0;
  }








  return allocateUnixFile(h, pId, zFilename, 0);
}


/*
** Attempt to open a new file for exclusive access by this process.
** The file will be opened for both reading and writing.  To avoid
** a potential security problem, we do not allow the file to have
................................................................................
** the file when it is closed.
**
** On success, write the file handle into *id and return SQLITE_OK.
**
** On failure, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenExclusive(const char *zFilename, OsFile **pId, int delFlag){
  int h;


  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenExclusive, zFilename, pId, delFlag);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  h = open(zFilename,
                O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_NOFOLLOW|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY,
                SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( h<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }












  return allocateUnixFile(h, pId, zFilename, delFlag);
}

/*
** Attempt to open a new file for read-only access.
**
** On success, write the file handle into *id and return SQLITE_OK.
**
** On failure, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
int sqlite3UnixOpenReadOnly(const char *zFilename, OsFile **pId){
  int h;

  
  CRASH_TEST_OVERRIDE(sqlite3CrashOpenReadOnly, zFilename, pId, 0);
  assert( 0==*pId );
  h = open(zFilename, O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);
  if( h<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }








  return allocateUnixFile(h, pId, zFilename, 0);
}

/*
** Attempt to open a file descriptor for the directory that contains a
** file.  This file descriptor can be used to fsync() the directory
** in order to make sure the creation of a new file is actually written
** to disk.
**
** This routine is only meaningful for Unix.  It is a no-op under
** windows since windows does not support hard links.
**
** If FULL_FSYNC is enabled, this function is not longer useful, 
** a FULL_FSYNC sync applies to all pending disk operations.
**
** On success, a handle for a previously open file at *id is
** updated with the new directory file descriptor and SQLITE_OK is
** returned.
**
** On failure, the function returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN and leaves
** *id unchanged.
................................................................................
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
#pragma mark AFP Support

/*
 ** The afpLockingContext structure contains all afp lock specific state
 */
typedef struct afpLockingContext afpLockingContext;
struct afpLockingContext {
  unsigned long long sharedLockByte;
  char *filePath;
};

struct ByteRangeLockPB2
{
  unsigned long long offset;        /* offset to first byte to lock */
  unsigned long long length;        /* nbr of bytes to lock */
  unsigned long long retRangeStart; /* nbr of 1st byte locked if successful */
  unsigned char unLockFlag;         /* 1 = unlock, 0 = lock */
  unsigned char startEndFlag;       /* 1=rel to end of fork, 0=rel to start */
  int fd;                           /* file desc to assoc this lock with */
};

#define afpfsByteRangeLock2FSCTL	_IOWR('z', 23, struct ByteRangeLockPB2)

/* return 0 on success, 1 on failure.  To match the behavior of the 
  normal posix file locking (used in unixLock for example), we should 
  provide 'richer' return codes - specifically to differentiate between
  'file busy' and 'file system error' results */
static int _AFPFSSetLock(const char *path, int fd, unsigned long long offset, 
                         unsigned long long length, int setLockFlag)
{
  struct ByteRangeLockPB2	pb;
  int                     err;
  
  pb.unLockFlag = setLockFlag ? 0 : 1;
  pb.startEndFlag = 0;
  pb.offset = offset;
  pb.length = length; 
  pb.fd = fd;
  TRACE5("AFPLOCK setting lock %s for %d in range %llx:%llx\n", 
    (setLockFlag?"ON":"OFF"), fd, offset, length);
  err = fsctl(path, afpfsByteRangeLock2FSCTL, &pb, 0);
  if ( err==-1 ) {
    TRACE4("AFPLOCK failed to fsctl() '%s' %d %s\n", path, errno, 
      strerror(errno));
    return 1; // error
  } else {
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
 ** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
 ** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, return
 ** non-zero.  If the file is unlocked or holds only SHARED locks, then
 ** return zero.
 */
static int afpUnixCheckReservedLock(OsFile *id){
  int r = 0;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  assert( pFile ); 
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    r = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it.
   */
  if ( !r ) {
    // lock the byte
    int failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 1,1);  
    if (failed) {
      /* if we failed to get the lock then someone else must have it */
      r = 1;
    } else {
      /* if we succeeded in taking the reserved lock, unlock it to restore
      ** the original state */
      _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 1, 0);
    }
  }
  TRACE3("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d\n", pFile->h, r);
  
  return r;
}

/* AFP-style locking following the behavior of unixLock, see the unixLock 
** function comments for details of lock management. */
static int afpUnixLock(OsFile *id, int locktype)
{
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  int gotPendingLock = 0;
  
  assert( pFile );
  TRACE5("LOCK    %d %s was %s pid=%d\n", pFile->h,
         locktypeName(locktype), locktypeName(pFile->locktype), getpid());  
  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
    ** OsFile, do nothing. Don't use the afp_end_lock: exit path, as
    ** sqlite3OsEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
    */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    TRACE3("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held)\n", pFile->h,
           locktypeName(locktype));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct
    */
  assert( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK || locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=PENDING_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=RESERVED_LOCK || pFile->locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* This mutex is needed because pFile->pLock is shared across threads
    */
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();

  /* Make sure the current thread owns the pFile.
    */
  rc = transferOwnership(pFile);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
    return rc;
  }
    
  /* A PENDING lock is needed before acquiring a SHARED lock and before
    ** acquiring an EXCLUSIVE lock.  For the SHARED lock, the PENDING will
    ** be released.
    */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK 
      || (locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pFile->locktype<PENDING_LOCK)
      ){
    int failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, 
      PENDING_BYTE, 1, 1);
    if (failed) {
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto afp_end_lock;
    }
  }
  
  /* If control gets to this point, then actually go ahead and make
    ** operating system calls for the specified lock.
    */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    int lk, failed;
    int tries = 0;
    
    /* Now get the read-lock */
    /* note that the quality of the randomness doesn't matter that much */
    lk = random(); 
    context->sharedLockByte = (lk & 0x7fffffff)%(SHARED_SIZE - 1);
    failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, 
      SHARED_FIRST+context->sharedLockByte, 1, 1);
    
    /* Drop the temporary PENDING lock */
    if (_AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 0)) {
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;  /* This should never happen */
      goto afp_end_lock;
    }
    
    if( failed ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    } else {
      pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }
  }else{
    /* The request was for a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock.  It is
    ** assumed that there is a SHARED or greater lock on the file
    ** already.
    */
    int failed = 0;
    assert( 0!=pFile->locktype );
    if (locktype >= RESERVED_LOCK && pFile->locktype < RESERVED_LOCK) {
        /* Acquire a RESERVED lock */
        failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 1,1);
    }
    if (!failed && locktype == EXCLUSIVE_LOCK) {
      /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock */
        
      /* Remove the shared lock before trying the range.  we'll need to 
      ** reestablish the shared lock if we can't get the  afpUnixUnlock
      */
      if (!_AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST +
                         context->sharedLockByte, 1, 0)) {
        /* now attemmpt to get the exclusive lock range */
        failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 
                               SHARED_SIZE, 1);
        if (failed && _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST +
                                    context->sharedLockByte, 1, 1)) {
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK; /* this should never happen */
        }
      } else {
        /* */
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK; /* this should never happen */
      }
    }
    if( failed && rc == SQLITE_OK){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
  }
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
  }else if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    pFile->locktype = PENDING_LOCK;
  }
  
afp_end_lock:
    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  TRACE4("LOCK    %d %s %s\n", pFile->h, locktypeName(locktype), 
         rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed");
  return rc;
}

/*
 ** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
 ** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
 **
 ** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
 ** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
 */
static int afpUnixUnlock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  struct flock lock;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;

  assert( pFile );
  TRACE5("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d\n", pFile->h, locktype,
         pFile->locktype, getpid());
  
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  if( pFile->locktype<=locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( CHECK_THREADID(pFile) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
      int failed = 0;

      /* unlock the exclusive range - then re-establish the shared lock */
      if (pFile->locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK) {
        failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 
                                 SHARED_SIZE, 0);
        if (!failed) {
          /* successfully removed the exclusive lock */
          if (_AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST+
                            context->sharedLockByte, 1, 1)) {
            /* failed to re-establish our shared lock */
            rc = SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK; /* This should never happen */
          }
        } else {
          /* This should never happen - failed to unlock the exclusive range */
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
        } 
      }
    }
    if (rc == SQLITE_OK && pFile->locktype>=PENDING_LOCK) {
      if (_AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 0)){
        /* failed to release the pending lock */
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK; /* This should never happen */
      }
    } 
    if (rc == SQLITE_OK && pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK) {
      if (_AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 1, 0)) {
        /* failed to release the reserved lock */
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;  /* This should never happen */
      }
    } 
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK ){
    int failed = _AFPFSSetLock(context->filePath, pFile->h, 
                               SHARED_FIRST + context->sharedLockByte, 1, 0);
    if (failed) {
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;  /* This should never happen */
    }
  }
  if (rc == SQLITE_OK)
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  return rc;
}

/*
 ** Close a file & cleanup AFP specific locking context 
 */
static int afpUnixClose(OsFile **pId) {
  unixFile *id = (unixFile*)*pId;
  
  if( !id ) return SQLITE_OK;
  afpUnixUnlock(*pId, NO_LOCK);
  /* free the AFP locking structure */
  if (id->lockingContext != NULL) {
    if (((afpLockingContext *)id->lockingContext)->filePath != NULL)
      sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(((afpLockingContext*)id->lockingContext)->filePath);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id->lockingContext);
  }
  
  if( id->dirfd>=0 ) close(id->dirfd);
  id->dirfd = -1;
  close(id->h);
  id->isOpen = 0;
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


#pragma mark flock() style locking

/*
 ** The flockLockingContext is not used
 */
typedef void flockLockingContext;

static int flockUnixCheckReservedLock(OsFile *id) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  if (pFile->locktype == RESERVED_LOCK) {
    return 1; // already have a reserved lock
  } else {
    // attempt to get the lock
    int rc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);
    if (!rc) {
      // got the lock, unlock it
      flock(pFile->h, LOCK_UN);
      return 0;  // no one has it reserved
    }
    return 1; // someone else might have it reserved
  }
}

static int flockUnixLock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  // if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  // Just adjust level and punt on outta here.
  if (pFile->locktype > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // grab an exclusive lock
  int rc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);
  if (rc) {
    // didn't get, must be busy
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  } else {
    // got it, set the type and return ok
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

static int flockUnixUnlock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  // no-op if possible
  if( pFile->locktype==locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive
  if (locktype==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // no, really, unlock.
  int rc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_UN);
  if (rc)
    return SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
  else {
    pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
 ** Close a file.
 */
static int flockUnixClose(OsFile **pId) {
  unixFile *id = (unixFile*)*pId;
  
  if( !id ) return SQLITE_OK;
  flockUnixUnlock(*pId, NO_LOCK);
  
  if( id->dirfd>=0 ) close(id->dirfd);
  id->dirfd = -1;
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  
  close(id->h);  
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  id->isOpen = 0;
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#pragma mark Old-School .lock file based locking

/*
 ** The dotlockLockingContext structure contains all dotlock (.lock) lock
 ** specific state
 */
typedef struct dotlockLockingContext dotlockLockingContext;
struct dotlockLockingContext {
  char *lockPath;
};


static int dotlockUnixCheckReservedLock(OsFile *id) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  dotlockLockingContext *context = 
    (dotlockLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  if (pFile->locktype == RESERVED_LOCK) {
    return 1; // already have a reserved lock
  } else {
    struct stat statBuf;
    if (lstat(context->lockPath,&statBuf) == 0)
      // file exists, someone else has the lock
      return 1;
    else
      // file does not exist, we could have it if we want it
      return 0;
  }
}

static int dotlockUnixLock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  dotlockLockingContext *context = 
    (dotlockLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  // if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  // Just adjust level and punt on outta here.
  if (pFile->locktype > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    
    /* Always update the timestamp on the old file */
    utimes(context->lockPath,NULL);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // check to see if lock file already exists
  struct stat statBuf;
  if (lstat(context->lockPath,&statBuf) == 0){
    return SQLITE_BUSY; // it does, busy
  }
  
  // grab an exclusive lock
  int fd = open(context->lockPath,O_RDONLY|O_CREAT|O_EXCL,0600);
  if (fd < 0) {
    // failed to open/create the file, someone else may have stolen the lock
    return SQLITE_BUSY; 
  }
  close(fd);
  
  // got it, set the type and return ok
  pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int dotlockUnixUnlock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  dotlockLockingContext *context = 
    (dotlockLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  // no-op if possible
  if( pFile->locktype==locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive
  if (locktype==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  // no, really, unlock.
  unlink(context->lockPath);
  pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
 ** Close a file.
 */
static int dotlockUnixClose(OsFile **pId) {
  unixFile *id = (unixFile*)*pId;
  
  if( !id ) return SQLITE_OK;
  dotlockUnixUnlock(*pId, NO_LOCK);
  /* free the dotlock locking structure */
  if (id->lockingContext != NULL) {
    if (((dotlockLockingContext *)id->lockingContext)->lockPath != NULL)
      sqlite3ThreadSafeFree( ( (dotlockLockingContext *)
        id->lockingContext)->lockPath);
    sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id->lockingContext);
  }
  
  if( id->dirfd>=0 ) close(id->dirfd);
  id->dirfd = -1;
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  
  close(id->h);
  
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  id->isOpen = 0;
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


#pragma mark No locking

/*
 ** The nolockLockingContext is void
 */
typedef void nolockLockingContext;

static int nolockUnixCheckReservedLock(OsFile *id) {
  return 0;
}

static int nolockUnixLock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int nolockUnixUnlock(OsFile *id, int locktype) {
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
 ** Close a file.
 */
static int nolockUnixClose(OsFile **pId) {
  unixFile *id = (unixFile*)*pId;
  
  if( !id ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( id->dirfd>=0 ) close(id->dirfd);
  id->dirfd = -1;
  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  
  close(id->h);
  
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  id->isOpen = 0;
  TRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", id->h);
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3ThreadSafeFree(id);
  *pId = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

/*
** Turn a relative pathname into a full pathname.  Return a pointer
** to the full pathname stored in space obtained from sqliteMalloc().
** The calling function is responsible for freeing this space once it
** is no longer needed.
*/
char *sqlite3UnixFullPathname(const char *zRelative){
................................................................................
  unixFileSize,
  unixLock,
  unixUnlock,
  unixLockState,
  unixCheckReservedLock,
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
 ** This vector defines all the methods that can operate on an OsFile
 ** for unix with AFP style file locking.
 */
static const IoMethod sqlite3AFPLockingUnixIoMethod = {
    afpUnixClose,
    unixOpenDirectory,
    unixRead,
    unixWrite,
    unixSeek,
    unixTruncate,
    unixSync,
    unixSetFullSync,
    unixFileHandle,
    unixFileSize,
    afpUnixLock,
    afpUnixUnlock,
    unixLockState,
    afpUnixCheckReservedLock,
};

/*
 ** This vector defines all the methods that can operate on an OsFile
 ** for unix with flock() style file locking.
 */
static const IoMethod sqlite3FlockLockingUnixIoMethod = {
    flockUnixClose,
    unixOpenDirectory,
    unixRead,
    unixWrite,
    unixSeek,
    unixTruncate,
    unixSync,
    unixSetFullSync,
    unixFileHandle,
    unixFileSize,
    flockUnixLock,
    flockUnixUnlock,
    unixLockState,
    flockUnixCheckReservedLock,
};

/*
 ** This vector defines all the methods that can operate on an OsFile
 ** for unix with dotlock style file locking.
 */
static const IoMethod sqlite3DotlockLockingUnixIoMethod = {
    dotlockUnixClose,
    unixOpenDirectory,
    unixRead,
    unixWrite,
    unixSeek,
    unixTruncate,
    unixSync,
    unixSetFullSync,
    unixFileHandle,
    unixFileSize,
    dotlockUnixLock,
    dotlockUnixUnlock,
    unixLockState,
    dotlockUnixCheckReservedLock,
};

/*
 ** This vector defines all the methods that can operate on an OsFile
 ** for unix with dotlock style file locking.
 */
static const IoMethod sqlite3NolockLockingUnixIoMethod = {
  nolockUnixClose,
  unixOpenDirectory,
  unixRead,
  unixWrite,
  unixSeek,
  unixTruncate,
  unixSync,
  unixSetFullSync,
  unixFileHandle,
  unixFileSize,
  nolockUnixLock,
  nolockUnixUnlock,
  unixLockState,
  nolockUnixCheckReservedLock,
};

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

/*
** Allocate memory for a new unixFile and initialize that unixFile.
** Write a pointer to the new unixFile into *pId.
** If we run out of memory, close the file and return an error.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/* 
 ** When locking extensions are enabled, the filepath and locking style 
 ** are needed to determine the unixFile pMethod to use for locking operations.
 ** The locking-style specific lockingContext data structure is created 
 ** and assigned here also.
 */
static int allocateUnixFile(
  int h,                  /* Open file descriptor of file being opened */
  OsFile **pId,           /* Write completed initialization here */
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file being opened */
  int delFlag             /* Delete-on-or-before-close flag */
){
  sqlite3LockingStyle lockStyle;
  unixFile *pNew;
  unixFile f;
  int rc;

  lockingStyle = sqlite3DetectLockingStyle(zFilename, f.h);
  if ( lockingStyle == posixLockingStyle ) {
    sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
    rc = findLockInfo(h, &f.pLock, &f.pOpen);
    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
    if( rc ){
      close(h);
      unlink(zFilename);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  } else {
    //  pLock and pOpen are only used for posix advisory locking 
    f.pLock = NULL;
    f.pOpen = NULL;
  }
  if( delFlag ){
    unlink(zFilename);
  }
  f.dirfd = -1;
  f.fullSync = 0;
  f.locktype = 0;
  f.offset = 0;
  f.h = h;
  SET_THREADID(&f);
  pNew = sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc( sizeof(unixFile) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    close(h);
    sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
    releaseLockInfo(f.pLock);
    releaseOpenCnt(f.pOpen);
    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
    *pId = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    *pNew = f;
    switch(lockStyle) {
      case afpLockingStyle:
        /* afp locking uses the file path so it needs to be included in
        ** the afpLockingContext */
        pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3AFPLockingUnixIoMethod;
        pNew->lockingContext = 
          sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc(sizeof(afpLockingContext));
        ((afpLockingContext *)pNew->lockingContext)->filePath = 
          sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc(strlen(zFilename) + 1);
        strcpy(((afpLockingContext *)pNew->lockingContext)->filePath, 
               zFilename);
        srandomdev();
        break;
      case flockLockingStyle:
        /* flock locking doesn't need additional lockingContext information */
        pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3FlockLockingUnixIoMethod;
        break;
      case dotlockLockingStyle:
        /* dotlock locking uses the file path so it needs to be included in
         ** the dotlockLockingContext */
        pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3DotlockLockingUnixIoMethod;
        pNew->lockingContext = sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc(
          sizeof(dotlockLockingContext));
        ((dotlockLockingContext *)pNew->lockingContext)->lockPath = 
            sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc(strlen(zFilename) + strlen(".lock") + 1);
        sprintf(((dotlockLockingContext *)pNew->lockingContext)->lockPath, 
                "%s.lock", zFilename);
        break;
      case posixLockingStyle:
        /* posix locking doesn't need additional lockingContext information */
        pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3UnixIoMethod;
        break;
      case noLockingStyle:
      case unsupportedLockingStyle:
      default: 
        pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3NolockLockingUnixIoMethod;
    }
    *pId = (OsFile*)pNew;
    OpenCounter(+1);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}
#else /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
static int allocateUnixFile(
  int h,                 /* Open file descriptor on file being opened */
  OsFile **pId,          /* Write the resul unixFile structure here */
  const char *zFilename, /* Name of the file being opened */
  int delFlag            /* If true, delete the file on or before closing */
){
  unixFile *pNew;
  unixFile f;
  int rc;

  sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
  rc = findLockInfo(h, &f.pLock, &f.pOpen);
  sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
  if( delFlag ){
    unlink(zFilename);
  }
  if( rc ){
    close(h);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  TRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename);
  f.dirfd = -1;
  f.fullSync = 0;
  f.locktype = 0;
  f.offset = 0;
  f.h = h;
  SET_THREADID(&f);
  pNew = sqlite3ThreadSafeMalloc( sizeof(unixFile) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    close(h);
    sqlite3OsEnterMutex();
    releaseLockInfo(f.pLock);
    releaseOpenCnt(f.pOpen);
    sqlite3OsLeaveMutex();
    *pId = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    *pNew = f;
    pNew->pMethod = &sqlite3UnixIoMethod;
    *pId = (OsFile*)pNew;
    OpenCounter(+1);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */
/***************************************************************************
** Everything above deals with file I/O.  Everything that follows deals
** with other miscellanous aspects of the operating system interface
****************************************************************************/