/ Check-in [e3ccbc69]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Tweaks and simplifications to select.c to facility full coverage testing. (CVS 6642)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:e3ccbc69babd05d45db8065f6612751eda1aa645
User & Date: drh 2009-05-17 02:06:15
Context
2009-05-17
12:07
Fix a typo in the sqlite3_blob_open() documentation. (CVS 6643) check-in: 92866482 user: drh tags: trunk
02:06
Tweaks and simplifications to select.c to facility full coverage testing. (CVS 6642) check-in: e3ccbc69 user: drh tags: trunk
2009-05-16
17:38
Attempt to provide a version of the SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR macro that works on both llvm-gcc-4.2 and MSVC. Ticket #3860. (CVS 6641) check-in: ddee7ff2 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/select.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

86
87
88
89
90
91
92
...
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139


140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153

154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
...
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169

170
171
172
173
174
175
176
...
554
555
556
557
558
559
560


561
562
563
564
565
566
567
...
586
587
588
589
590
591
592


593
594
595
596
597
598
599
...
654
655
656
657
658
659
660


661
662
663
664
665
666
667
...
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804

805
806
807
808
809
810
811
...
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
...
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884


885
886
887
888
889
890
891
....
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
....
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146

1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
....
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253


1254

1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
....
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316

1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
....
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496

1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
....
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515


1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
....
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562

1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581

1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
....
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
....
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645

1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
....
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805


1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.513 2009/05/11 20:53:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
................................................................................
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = isDistinct ? SF_Distinct : 0;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;

  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
................................................................................
** If an illegal or unsupported join type is seen, then still return
** a join type, but put an error in the pParse structure.
*/
int sqlite3JoinType(Parse *pParse, Token *pA, Token *pB, Token *pC){
  int jointype = 0;
  Token *apAll[3];
  Token *p;
  static const struct {
    const char zKeyword[8];
    u8 nChar;
    u8 code;
  } keywords[] = {
    { "natural", 7, JT_NATURAL },
    { "left",    4, JT_LEFT|JT_OUTER },
    { "right",   5, JT_RIGHT|JT_OUTER },
    { "full",    4, JT_LEFT|JT_RIGHT|JT_OUTER },
    { "outer",   5, JT_OUTER },
    { "inner",   5, JT_INNER },
    { "cross",   5, JT_INNER|JT_CROSS },


  };
  int i, j;
  apAll[0] = pA;
  apAll[1] = pB;
  apAll[2] = pC;
  for(i=0; i<3 && apAll[i]; i++){
    p = apAll[i];
    for(j=0; j<ArraySize(keywords); j++){
      if( p->n==keywords[j].nChar 
          && sqlite3StrNICmp((char*)p->z, keywords[j].zKeyword, p->n)==0 ){
        jointype |= keywords[j].code;
        break;
      }
    }

    if( j>=ArraySize(keywords) ){
      jointype |= JT_ERROR;
      break;
    }
  }
  if(
     (jointype & (JT_INNER|JT_OUTER))==(JT_INNER|JT_OUTER) ||
     (jointype & JT_ERROR)!=0
................................................................................
  ){
    const char *zSp = " ";
    assert( pB!=0 );
    if( pC==0 ){ zSp++; }
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown or unsupported join type: "
       "%T %T%s%T", pA, pB, zSp, pC);
    jointype = JT_INNER;
  }else if( jointype & JT_RIGHT ){

    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
      "RIGHT and FULL OUTER JOINs are not currently supported");
    jointype = JT_INNER;
  }
  return jointype;
}

................................................................................
    codeDistinct(pParse, distinct, iContinue, nColumn, regResult);
    if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p, iContinue);
    }
  }

  if( checkForMultiColumnSelectError(pParse, pDest, pEList->nExpr) ){


    return;
  }

  switch( eDest ){
    /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
    ** table iParm.
    */
................................................................................
#endif

    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nColumn, r1);
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
................................................................................

    /* Send the data to the callback function or to a subroutine.  In the
    ** case of a subroutine, the subroutine itself is responsible for
    ** popping the data from the stack.
    */
    case SRT_Coroutine:
    case SRT_Output: {


      if( pOrderBy ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nColumn, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iParm);
................................................................................
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nColumn==1 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regRow, iParm, 1);
      /* The LIMIT clause will terminate the loop for us */
      break;
    }
#endif
    case SRT_Output:
    case SRT_Coroutine: {
      int i;

      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pseudoTab, regRow, regRowid);
      for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
        assert( regRow!=pDest->iMem+i );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pseudoTab, i, pDest->iMem+i);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, pDest->iMem, nColumn);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, pDest->iMem, nColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iParm);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      /* Do nothing */
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* LIMIT has been implemented by the pushOntoSorter() routine.
  */
  assert( p->iLimit==0 );
................................................................................
  const char **pzOriginCol
){
  char const *zType = 0;
  char const *zOriginDb = 0;
  char const *zOriginTab = 0;
  char const *zOriginCol = 0;
  int j;
  if( pExpr==0 || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
      Table *pTab = 0;            /* Table structure column is extracted from */
      Select *pS = 0;             /* Select the column is extracted from */
      int iCol = pExpr->iColumn;  /* Index of column in pTab */


      while( pNC && !pTab ){
        SrcList *pTabList = pNC->pSrcList;
        for(j=0;j<pTabList->nSrc && pTabList->a[j].iCursor!=pExpr->iTable;j++);
        if( j<pTabList->nSrc ){
          pTab = pTabList->a[j].pTab;
          pS = pTabList->a[j].pSelect;
        }else{
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  /* If this is an EXPLAIN, skip this step */
  if( pParse->explain ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  assert( v!=0 );
  if( pParse->colNamesSet || NEVER(v==0) || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  pParse->colNamesSet = 1;
  fullNames = (db->flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0;
  shortNames = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p;
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( p==0 ) continue;
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( (p->op==TK_COLUMN || p->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN) && pTabList ){
      Table *pTab;
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ) pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;
      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && (pTab = pColExpr->pTab)!=0 ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;

        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");
      }else{
        /* Use the original text of the column expression as its name */
        Token *pToken = (pColExpr->span.z?&pColExpr->span:&pColExpr->token);
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%T", pToken);
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nErr ) return 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  db->flags = savedFlags;
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    return 0;
  }


  pTab->dbMem = db->lookaside.bEnabled ? db : 0;

  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** "LIMIT -1" always shows all rows.  There is some
  ** contraversy about what the correct behavior should be.
  ** The current implementation interprets "LIMIT 0" to mean
  ** no rows.
  */
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);

  if( p->pLimit ){
    p->iLimit = iLimit = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) return;
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit);
    VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit, iBreak);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( p->pLimit ){
      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */
    }
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) return;
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset);
    VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iOffset);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    if( p->pLimit ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, iOffset+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    }
  }
................................................................................
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);

      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_EXCEPT:
    case TK_UNION: {
................................................................................
      int unionTab;    /* Cursor number of the temporary table holding result */
      u8 op = 0;       /* One of the SRT_ operations to apply to self */
      int priorOp;     /* The SRT_ operation to apply to prior selects */
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset; /* Saved values of p->nLimit and p->nOffset */
      int addr;
      SelectDest uniondest;



      priorOp = SRT_Union;
      if( dest.eDest==priorOp && ALWAYS(!p->pLimit &&!p->pOffset) ){
        /* We can reuse a temporary table generated by a SELECT to our
        ** right.
        */
        assert( p->pRightmost!=p );  /* Can only happen for leftward elements
                                     ** of a 3-way or more compound */
................................................................................
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);

      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
      p->iLimit = 0;
      p->iOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }


      /* Convert the data in the temporary table into whatever form
      ** it is that we currently need.
      */      

      if( dest.eDest!=priorOp || unionTab!=dest.iParm ){
        int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
        assert( p->pEList );
        if( dest.eDest==SRT_Output ){
          Select *pFirst = p;
          while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
          generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
        }
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTERSECT: {
      int tab1, tab2;
      int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset;
      int addr;
      SelectDest intersectdest;
      int r1;

................................................................................
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      intersectdest.iParm = tab2;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);

      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Generate code to take the intersection of the two temporary
      ** tables.
      */
      assert( p->pEList );
      if( dest.eDest==SRT_Output ){
        Select *pFirst = p;
................................................................................
  switch( pDest->eDest ){
    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, pIn->iMem, pIn->nMem, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, pDest->iParm, r2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pDest->iParm, r1, r2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      break;







|







 







>







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
>







|
|
|
|



>
|







 







|
>







 







>
>







 







>
>







 







>
>







 







|
<

>







 







<
<
<
<







 







|











>
>







 







<








|







 







|


>







 







>
>
|
>







 







>



|




<
|
|
<

<
<
<
|
|
|
|
|
|
<







 







>


<
<
<







 







>
>







 







>











<
<
<
<



|
>
|







 







|







 







>





<
<
<







 







>
>







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
...
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
...
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
...
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
...
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
...
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
...
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813

814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
...
825
826
827
828
829
830
831




832
833
834
835
836
837
838
...
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
....
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046

1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
....
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
....
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
....
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337

1338
1339

1340



1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346

1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
....
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506



1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
....
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
....
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581




1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
....
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
....
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656



1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
....
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.514 2009/05/17 02:06:15 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
................................................................................
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = isDistinct ? SF_Distinct : 0;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
................................................................................
** If an illegal or unsupported join type is seen, then still return
** a join type, but put an error in the pParse structure.
*/
int sqlite3JoinType(Parse *pParse, Token *pA, Token *pB, Token *pC){
  int jointype = 0;
  Token *apAll[3];
  Token *p;
                             /*   0123456789 123456789 123456789 123 */
  static const char zKeyText[] = "naturaleftouterightfullinnercross";
  static const struct {
    u8 i;        /* Beginning of keyword text in zKeyText[] */
    u8 nChar;    /* Length of the keyword in characters */
    u8 code;     /* Join type mask */
  } aKeyword[] = {
    /* natural */ { 0,  7, JT_NATURAL                },
    /* left    */ { 6,  4, JT_LEFT|JT_OUTER          },
    /* outer   */ { 10, 5, JT_OUTER                  },
    /* right   */ { 14, 5, JT_RIGHT|JT_OUTER         },
    /* full    */ { 19, 4, JT_LEFT|JT_RIGHT|JT_OUTER },
    /* inner   */ { 23, 5, JT_INNER                  },
    /* cross   */ { 28, 5, JT_INNER|JT_CROSS         },
  };
  int i, j;
  apAll[0] = pA;
  apAll[1] = pB;
  apAll[2] = pC;
  for(i=0; i<3 && apAll[i]; i++){
    p = apAll[i];
    for(j=0; j<ArraySize(aKeyword); j++){
      if( p->n==aKeyword[j].nChar 
          && sqlite3StrNICmp((char*)p->z, &zKeyText[aKeyword[j].i], p->n)==0 ){
        jointype |= aKeyword[j].code;
        break;
      }
    }
    testcase( j==0 || j==1 || j==2 || j==3 || j==4 || j==5 || j==6 );
    if( j>=ArraySize(aKeyword) ){
      jointype |= JT_ERROR;
      break;
    }
  }
  if(
     (jointype & (JT_INNER|JT_OUTER))==(JT_INNER|JT_OUTER) ||
     (jointype & JT_ERROR)!=0
................................................................................
  ){
    const char *zSp = " ";
    assert( pB!=0 );
    if( pC==0 ){ zSp++; }
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown or unsupported join type: "
       "%T %T%s%T", pA, pB, zSp, pC);
    jointype = JT_INNER;
  }else if( (jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 
         && (jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_RIGHT))!=JT_LEFT ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
      "RIGHT and FULL OUTER JOINs are not currently supported");
    jointype = JT_INNER;
  }
  return jointype;
}

................................................................................
    codeDistinct(pParse, distinct, iContinue, nColumn, regResult);
    if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p, iContinue);
    }
  }

  if( checkForMultiColumnSelectError(pParse, pDest, pEList->nExpr) ){
static int cnt = 0;
cnt++;
    return;
  }

  switch( eDest ){
    /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
    ** table iParm.
    */
................................................................................
#endif

    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nColumn, r1);
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
................................................................................

    /* Send the data to the callback function or to a subroutine.  In the
    ** case of a subroutine, the subroutine itself is responsible for
    ** popping the data from the stack.
    */
    case SRT_Coroutine:
    case SRT_Output: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pOrderBy ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nColumn, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iParm);
................................................................................
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nColumn==1 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regRow, iParm, 1);
      /* The LIMIT clause will terminate the loop for us */
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {

      int i;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ); 
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pseudoTab, regRow, regRowid);
      for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
        assert( regRow!=pDest->iMem+i );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pseudoTab, i, pDest->iMem+i);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, pDest->iMem, nColumn);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, pDest->iMem, nColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iParm);
      }
      break;
    }




  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* LIMIT has been implemented by the pushOntoSorter() routine.
  */
  assert( p->iLimit==0 );
................................................................................
  const char **pzOriginCol
){
  char const *zType = 0;
  char const *zOriginDb = 0;
  char const *zOriginTab = 0;
  char const *zOriginCol = 0;
  int j;
  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
      Table *pTab = 0;            /* Table structure column is extracted from */
      Select *pS = 0;             /* Select the column is extracted from */
      int iCol = pExpr->iColumn;  /* Index of column in pTab */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      while( pNC && !pTab ){
        SrcList *pTabList = pNC->pSrcList;
        for(j=0;j<pTabList->nSrc && pTabList->a[j].iCursor!=pExpr->iTable;j++);
        if( j<pTabList->nSrc ){
          pTab = pTabList->a[j].pTab;
          pS = pTabList->a[j].pSelect;
        }else{
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  /* If this is an EXPLAIN, skip this step */
  if( pParse->explain ){
    return;
  }
#endif


  if( pParse->colNamesSet || NEVER(v==0) || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  pParse->colNamesSet = 1;
  fullNames = (db->flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0;
  shortNames = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p;
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( NEVER(p==0) ) continue;
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( (p->op==TK_COLUMN || p->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN) && pTabList ){
      Table *pTab;
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ) pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;
      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pColExpr->pTab!=0) ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;
        pTab = pColExpr->pTab;
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");
      }else{
        /* Use the original text of the column expression as its name */
        Token *pToken = (pColExpr->span.z?&pColExpr->span:&pColExpr->token);
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%T", pToken);
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nErr ) return 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  db->flags = savedFlags;
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled, so we might as well hard-code pTab->dbMem to NULL. */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->dbMem = 0;
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** "LIMIT -1" always shows all rows.  There is some
  ** contraversy about what the correct behavior should be.
  ** The current implementation interprets "LIMIT 0" to mean
  ** no rows.
  */
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  assert( p->pOffset==0 || p->pLimit!=0 );
  if( p->pLimit ){
    p->iLimit = iLimit = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( NEVER(v==0) ) return;  /* VDBE should have already been allocated */
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit);
    VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit, iBreak);

    if( p->pOffset ){
      p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;

      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */



      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset);
      VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, iOffset+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    }
  }
................................................................................
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;



      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_EXCEPT:
    case TK_UNION: {
................................................................................
      int unionTab;    /* Cursor number of the temporary table holding result */
      u8 op = 0;       /* One of the SRT_ operations to apply to self */
      int priorOp;     /* The SRT_ operation to apply to prior selects */
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset; /* Saved values of p->nLimit and p->nOffset */
      int addr;
      SelectDest uniondest;

      testcase( p->op==TK_EXCEPT );
      testcase( p->op==TK_UNION );
      priorOp = SRT_Union;
      if( dest.eDest==priorOp && ALWAYS(!p->pLimit &&!p->pOffset) ){
        /* We can reuse a temporary table generated by a SELECT to our
        ** right.
        */
        assert( p->pRightmost!=p );  /* Can only happen for leftward elements
                                     ** of a 3-way or more compound */
................................................................................
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
      p->iLimit = 0;
      p->iOffset = 0;





      /* Convert the data in the temporary table into whatever form
      ** it is that we currently need.
      */
      assert( unionTab==dest.iParm || dest.eDest!=priorOp );
      if( dest.eDest!=priorOp ){
        int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
        assert( p->pEList );
        if( dest.eDest==SRT_Output ){
          Select *pFirst = p;
          while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
          generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
        }
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: assert( p->op==TK_INTERSECT ); {
      int tab1, tab2;
      int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset;
      int addr;
      SelectDest intersectdest;
      int r1;

................................................................................
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      intersectdest.iParm = tab2;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;




      /* Generate code to take the intersection of the two temporary
      ** tables.
      */
      assert( p->pEList );
      if( dest.eDest==SRT_Output ){
        Select *pFirst = p;
................................................................................
  switch( pDest->eDest ){
    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      testcase( pDest->eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, pIn->iMem, pIn->nMem, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, pDest->iParm, r2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pDest->iParm, r1, r2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      break;