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Overview
Comment:Syntax documentation updates. (CVS 3294)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:df601a7b374cb6ec21a2e91abf17af4fed404393
User & Date: drh 2006-06-26 10:37:12
Context
2006-06-26
11:17
Fix trivial compiler warnings. (CVS 3295) check-in: 3538beac user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
10:37
Syntax documentation updates. (CVS 3294) check-in: df601a7b user: drh tags: trunk
2006-06-24
12:39
(OS/2) Armor OS/2 against accidental deletion of files, too (patch by Daniel Kruse, verified by me) (CVS 3293) check-in: f357efb3 user: pweilbacher tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to www/lang.tcl.

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#
# Run this Tcl script to generate the lang-*.html files.
#
set rcsid {$Id: lang.tcl,v 1.113 2006/06/17 14:12:48 drh Exp $}
source common.tcl

if {[llength $argv]>0} {
  set outputdir [lindex $argv 0]
} else {
  set outputdir ""
}
................................................................................
  } else { 
    return lang_$label.html
  }
}

foreach {section} [lsort -index 0 -dictionary {
  {{CREATE TABLE} createtable}

  {{CREATE INDEX} createindex}
  {VACUUM vacuum}
  {{DROP TABLE} droptable}
  {{DROP INDEX} dropindex}
  {INSERT insert}
  {REPLACE replace}
  {DELETE delete}
................................................................................
Section {ATTACH DATABASE} attach

Syntax {sql-statement} {
ATTACH [DATABASE] <database-filename> AS <database-name>
}

puts {
<p>The ATTACH DATABASE statement adds a preexisting database 
file to the current database connection.  If the filename contains 
punctuation characters it must be quoted.  The names 'main' and 
'temp' refer to the main database and the database used for 
temporary tables.  These cannot be detached.  Attached databases 
are removed using the <a href="#detach">DETACH DATABASE</a> 
statement.</p>

................................................................................
tables whose names are duplicates of tables in the main database.  It is 
also permissible to attach the same database file multiple times.</p>

<p>Tables in an attached database can be referred to using the syntax 
<i>database-name.table-name</i>.  If an attached table doesn't have 
a duplicate table name in the main database, it doesn't require a 
database name prefix.  When a database is attached, all of its 
tables which don't have duplicate names become the 'default' table
of that name.  Any tables of that name attached afterwards require the table 
prefix. If the 'default' table of a given name is detached, then 
the last table of that name attached becomes the new default.</p>

<p>
Transactions involving multiple attached databases are atomic,
assuming that the main database is not ":memory:".  If the main
database is ":memory:" then 
transactions continue to be atomic within each individual
................................................................................
command.</p>
}


Section {CREATE TABLE} {createtable}

Syntax {sql-command} {
CREATE [TEMP | TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] <table-name> (
  <column-def> [, <column-def>]*
  [, <constraint>]*
)
} {sql-command} {
CREATE [TEMP | TEMPORARY] TABLE [<database-name>.] <table-name> AS <select-statement>
} {column-def} {
<name> [<type>] [[CONSTRAINT <name>] <column-constraint>]*
................................................................................
<p>You cannot COPY, DELETE, INSERT or UPDATE a view.  Views are read-only 
in SQLite.  However, in many cases you can use a <a href="#createtrigger">
TRIGGER</a> on the view to accomplish the same thing.  Views are removed 
with the <a href="#dropview">DROP VIEW</a> 
command.</p>
}




































Section DELETE delete

Syntax {sql-statement} {
DELETE FROM [<database-name> .] <table-name> [WHERE <expr>]
}

................................................................................

<p>Both simple and aggregate functions are supported.  A simple
function can be used in any expression.  Simple functions return
a result immediately based on their inputs.  Aggregate functions
may only be used in a SELECT statement.  Aggregate functions compute
their result across all rows of the result set.</p>




<p>The functions shown below are available by default.  Additional
functions may be written in C and added to the database engine using
the <a href="capi3ref.html#cfunc">sqlite3_create_function()</a>
API.</p>

<table border=0 cellpadding=10>
<tr>
<td valign="top" align="right" width=120>abs(<i>X</i>)</td>
................................................................................
<td valign="top" align="right">upper(<i>X</i>)</td>
<td valign="top">Return a copy of input string <i>X</i> converted to all
upper-case letters.  The implementation of this function uses the C library
routine <b>toupper()</b> which means it may not work correctly on 
UTF-8 strings.</td>
</tr>
</table>










<p>
The aggregate functions shown below are available by default.  Additional
aggregate functions written in C may be added using the 
<a href="capi3ref.html#sqlite3_create_function">sqlite3_create_function()</a>
API.</p>




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#
# Run this Tcl script to generate the lang-*.html files.
#
set rcsid {$Id: lang.tcl,v 1.114 2006/06/26 10:37:12 drh Exp $}
source common.tcl

if {[llength $argv]>0} {
  set outputdir [lindex $argv 0]
} else {
  set outputdir ""
}
................................................................................
  } else { 
    return lang_$label.html
  }
}

foreach {section} [lsort -index 0 -dictionary {
  {{CREATE TABLE} createtable}
  {{CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE} createvtab}
  {{CREATE INDEX} createindex}
  {VACUUM vacuum}
  {{DROP TABLE} droptable}
  {{DROP INDEX} dropindex}
  {INSERT insert}
  {REPLACE replace}
  {DELETE delete}
................................................................................
Section {ATTACH DATABASE} attach

Syntax {sql-statement} {
ATTACH [DATABASE] <database-filename> AS <database-name>
}

puts {
<p>The ATTACH DATABASE statement adds another database 
file to the current database connection.  If the filename contains 
punctuation characters it must be quoted.  The names 'main' and 
'temp' refer to the main database and the database used for 
temporary tables.  These cannot be detached.  Attached databases 
are removed using the <a href="#detach">DETACH DATABASE</a> 
statement.</p>

................................................................................
tables whose names are duplicates of tables in the main database.  It is 
also permissible to attach the same database file multiple times.</p>

<p>Tables in an attached database can be referred to using the syntax 
<i>database-name.table-name</i>.  If an attached table doesn't have 
a duplicate table name in the main database, it doesn't require a 
database name prefix.  When a database is attached, all of its 
tables which don't have duplicate names become the default table
of that name.  Any tables of that name attached afterwards require the table 
prefix. If the default table of a given name is detached, then 
the last table of that name attached becomes the new default.</p>

<p>
Transactions involving multiple attached databases are atomic,
assuming that the main database is not ":memory:".  If the main
database is ":memory:" then 
transactions continue to be atomic within each individual
................................................................................
command.</p>
}


Section {CREATE TABLE} {createtable}

Syntax {sql-command} {
CREATE [TEMP | TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] [<database-name> .] <table-name> (
  <column-def> [, <column-def>]*
  [, <constraint>]*
)
} {sql-command} {
CREATE [TEMP | TEMPORARY] TABLE [<database-name>.] <table-name> AS <select-statement>
} {column-def} {
<name> [<type>] [[CONSTRAINT <name>] <column-constraint>]*
................................................................................
<p>You cannot COPY, DELETE, INSERT or UPDATE a view.  Views are read-only 
in SQLite.  However, in many cases you can use a <a href="#createtrigger">
TRIGGER</a> on the view to accomplish the same thing.  Views are removed 
with the <a href="#dropview">DROP VIEW</a> 
command.</p>
}

Section {CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE} {createvtab}

Syntax {sql-command} {
CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE [<database-name> .] <table-name> USING <module-name> [( <arguments> )]
}

puts {
<p>A virtual table is an interface to an external storage or computation
engine that appears to be a table but does not actually store information
in the database file.</p>

<p>In general, you can do anything with a virtual table that can be done
with an ordinary table, except that you cannot create triggers on a
virtual table.  Some virtual table implementations might impose additional
restrictions.  For example, many virtual tables are read-only.</p>

<p>The &lt;module-name&gt; is the name of an object that implements
the virtual table.  The &lt;module-name&gt; must be registered with
the SQLite database connection using
<a href="capi3ref.html#sqlite3_create_module">sqlite3_create_module</a>
prior to issuing the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement.
The module takes zero or more comma-separated arguments.
The arguments can be just about any text as long as it has balanced
parentheses.  The argument syntax is sufficiently general that the
arguments can be made to appear as column definitions in a traditional
<a href="#createtable">CREATE TABLE</a> statement.  
SQLite passes the module arguments directly
to the module without any interpretation.  It is the responsibility
of the module implementation to parse and interpret its own arguments.</p>

<p>A virtual table is destroyed using the ordinary
<a href="#droptable">DROP TABLE</a> statement.  There is no
DROP VIRTUAL TABLE statement.</p>
}

Section DELETE delete

Syntax {sql-statement} {
DELETE FROM [<database-name> .] <table-name> [WHERE <expr>]
}

................................................................................

<p>Both simple and aggregate functions are supported.  A simple
function can be used in any expression.  Simple functions return
a result immediately based on their inputs.  Aggregate functions
may only be used in a SELECT statement.  Aggregate functions compute
their result across all rows of the result set.</p>

<a name="corefunctions"></a>
<b>Core Functions</b>

<p>The core functions shown below are available by default.  Additional
functions may be written in C and added to the database engine using
the <a href="capi3ref.html#cfunc">sqlite3_create_function()</a>
API.</p>

<table border=0 cellpadding=10>
<tr>
<td valign="top" align="right" width=120>abs(<i>X</i>)</td>
................................................................................
<td valign="top" align="right">upper(<i>X</i>)</td>
<td valign="top">Return a copy of input string <i>X</i> converted to all
upper-case letters.  The implementation of this function uses the C library
routine <b>toupper()</b> which means it may not work correctly on 
UTF-8 strings.</td>
</tr>
</table>

<b>Date And Time Functions</b>

<p>Date and time functions are documented in the 
<a href="http://www.sqlite.org/cvstrac/wiki?p=DateAndTimeFunctions">
SQLite Wiki</a>.</p>

<a name="aggregatefunctions"></a>
<b>Aggregate Functions</b>

<p>
The aggregate functions shown below are available by default.  Additional
aggregate functions written in C may be added using the 
<a href="capi3ref.html#sqlite3_create_function">sqlite3_create_function()</a>
API.</p>