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Overview
Comment:added aggregate functions like count(*) (CVS 21)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: dee7a8be88a95014534b90b96716d9e2e6b16579
User & Date: drh 2000-05-31 15:34:52
Context
2000-05-31
15:35
:-) (CVS 22) check-in: d33ad08e user: drh tags: trunk
15:34
added aggregate functions like count(*) (CVS 21) check-in: dee7a8be user: drh tags: trunk
02:27
:-) (CVS 20) check-in: 01d85b35 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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# The library that programs using readline() must link against.
#
LIBREADLINE = @TARGET_READLINE_LIBS@

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#


LIBOBJ = build.o dbbe.o main.o parse.o tokenize.o util.o vdbe.o where.o

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	libsqlite.a sqlite.h sqlite 

libsqlite.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................

vdbe.o:	$(TOP)/src/vdbe.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c

where.o:	$(TOP)/src/where.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/where.c
















gdbmdump:	$(TOP)/tool/gdbmdump.c
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -o gdbmdump $(TOP)/tool/gdbmdump.c $(LIBGDBM)

tclsqlite:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite.a
	$(TCC) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite.a $(LIBGDBM) $(LIBTCL)








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# The library that programs using readline() must link against.
#
LIBREADLINE = @TARGET_READLINE_LIBS@

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ = build.o dbbe.o delete.o expr.o insert.o \
         main.o parse.o select.o tokenize.o update.o \
         util.o vdbe.o where.o

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	libsqlite.a sqlite.h sqlite 

libsqlite.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................

vdbe.o:	$(TOP)/src/vdbe.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c

where.o:	$(TOP)/src/where.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/where.c

delete.o:	$(TOP)/src/delete.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/delete.c

expr.o:	$(TOP)/src/expr.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/expr.c

insert.o:	$(TOP)/src/insert.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/insert.c

select.o:	$(TOP)/src/select.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/select.c

update.o:	$(TOP)/src/update.c $(HDR)
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/update.c

gdbmdump:	$(TOP)/tool/gdbmdump.c
	$(TCC) $(GDBM_FLAGS) -o gdbmdump $(TOP)/tool/gdbmdump.c $(LIBGDBM)

tclsqlite:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite.a
	$(TCC) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite.a $(LIBGDBM) $(LIBTCL)

Changes to src/build.c.

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**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** when syntax rules are reduced.
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.10 2000/05/31 02:27:49 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is called after a single SQL statement has been
** parsed and we want to execute the code to implement 
** the statement.  Prior action routines should have already
................................................................................

/*
** Construct the name of a user table from a token.
**
** Space to hold the name is obtained from sqliteMalloc() and must
** be freed by the calling function.
*/
static char *sqliteTableNameFromToken(Token *pName){
  char *zName = 0;
  sqliteSetNString(&zName, pName->z, pName->n, 0);
  sqliteDequote(zName);
  return zName;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Given a token, look up a table with that name.  If not found, leave
** an error for the parser to find and return NULL.
*/
static Table *sqliteTableFromToken(Parse *pParse, Token *pTok){
  char *zName = sqliteTableNameFromToken(pTok);
  Table *pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, zName);
  sqliteFree(zName);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 0, 
        pTok->z, pTok->n, 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
................................................................................
    sqliteFree(pList->a[i].zName);
    sqliteFree(pList->a[i].zAlias);
  }
  sqliteFree(pList->a);
  sqliteFree(pList);
}

/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following form:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
**
** The parameters are the table name and the expression list.
*/
void sqliteInsert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  Token *pTableName,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  ExprList *pList,      /* List of values to be inserted */
  IdList *pField        /* Field name corresponding to pList.  Might be NULL */
){
  Table *pTab;
  char *zTab;
  int i, j;
  Vdbe *v;

  zTab = sqliteTableNameFromToken(pTableName);
  pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, zTab);
  sqliteFree(zTab);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 0, 
        pTableName->z, pTableName->n, 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pTab->readOnly ){
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField==0 && pList->nExpr!=pTab->nCol ){
    char zNum1[30];
    char zNum2[30];
    sprintf(zNum1,"%d", pList->nExpr);
    sprintf(zNum2,"%d", pTab->nCol);
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
       " has ", zNum2, " columns but ",
       zNum1, " values were supplied", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField!=0 && pList->nExpr!=pField->nId ){
    char zNum1[30];
    char zNum2[30];
    sprintf(zNum1,"%d", pList->nExpr);
    sprintf(zNum2,"%d", pField->nId);
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, zNum1, " values for ",
       zNum2, " columns", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField ){
    for(i=0; i<pField->nId; i++){
      pField->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pField->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqliteStrICmp(pField->a[i].zName, pTab->azCol[j])==0 ){
          pField->a[i].idx = j;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
           " has no column named ", pField->a[i].zName, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }
  v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  if( v ){
    Index *pIdx;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_New, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pTab->pIndex ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    }
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( pField==0 ){
        j = i;
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pField->nId; j++){
          if( pField->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( pField && j>=pField->nId ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
      }else{
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
      }
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Put, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      if( pIdx->pNext ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, 0, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
        int idx = pIdx->aiField[i];
        if( pField==0 ){
          j = idx;
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pField->nId; j++){
            if( pField->a[j].idx==idx ) break;
          }
        }
        if( pField && j>=pField->nId ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
        }else{
          sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
        }
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIdx, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

insert_cleanup:
  sqliteExprListDelete(pList);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pField);
}

/*
** This routine walks an expression tree and resolves references to
** table fields.  Nodes of the form ID.ID or ID resolve into an
** index to the table in the table list and a field offset.  The opcode
** for such nodes is changed to TK_FIELD.  The iTable value is changed
** to the index of the referenced table in pTabList, and the iField value
** is changed to the index of the field of the referenced table.
**
** Unknown fields or tables provoke an error.  The function returns
** the number of errors seen and leaves an error message on pParse->zErrMsg.
*/
int sqliteExprResolveIds(Parse *pParse, IdList *pTabList, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* A lone identifier */
    case TK_ID: {
      int cnt = 0;   /* Number of matches */
      int i;         /* Loop counter */
      char *z = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&z, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
        int j;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
        if( pTab==0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          if( sqliteStrICmp(pTab->azCol[j], z)==0 ){
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = i;
            pExpr->iField = j;
          }
        }
      }
      sqliteFree(z);
      if( cnt==0 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", -1,  
          pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }else if( cnt>1 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "ambiguous field name: ", -1,  
          pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }
      pExpr->op = TK_FIELD;
      break; 
    }
  
    /* A table name and field name:  ID.ID */
    case TK_DOT: {
      int cnt = 0;   /* Number of matches */
      int i;         /* Loop counter */
      Expr *pLeft, *pRight;    /* Left and right subbranches of the expr */
      int n;                   /* Length of an identifier */
      char *zLeft, *zRight;    /* Text of an identifier */

      pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      assert( pLeft && pLeft->op==TK_ID );
      assert( pRight && pRight->op==TK_ID );
      zLeft = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&zLeft, pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, 0);
      zRight = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&zRight, pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
        int j;
        char *zTab;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
        if( pTab==0 ) continue;
        if( pTabList->a[i].zAlias ){
          zTab = pTabList->a[i].zAlias;
        }else{
          zTab = pTab->zName;
        }
        if( sqliteStrICmp(zTab, zLeft)!=0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          if( sqliteStrICmp(pTab->azCol[j], zRight)==0 ){
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = i;
            pExpr->iField = j;
          }
        }
      }
      sqliteFree(zLeft);
      sqliteFree(zRight);
      if( cnt==0 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", -1,  
          pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, ".", 1, 
          pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }else if( cnt>1 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "ambiguous field name: ", -1,  
          pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, ".", 1,
          pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }
      sqliteExprDelete(pLeft);
      pExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqliteExprDelete(pRight);
      pExpr->pRight = 0;
      pExpr->op = TK_FIELD;
      break;
    }

    /* For all else, just recursively walk the tree */
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft 
            && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pExpr->pLeft) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight 
            && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pExpr->pRight) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pList ){
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->pList;
        for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
          if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
            return 1;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Process a SELECT statement.
*/
void sqliteSelect(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  ExprList *pEList,      /* List of fields to extract.  NULL means "*" */
  IdList *pTabList,      /* List of tables to select from */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be NULL */
  ExprList *pOrderBy     /* The ORDER BY clause.  May be NULL */
){
  int i, j;
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;
  Vdbe *v;

  if( pParse->nErr>0 ) goto select_cleanup;

  /* Look up every table in the table list.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* If the list of fields to retrieve is "*" then replace it with
  ** a list of all fields from all tables.
  */
  if( pEList==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
      Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        Expr *pExpr = sqliteExpr(TK_FIELD, 0, 0, 0);
        pExpr->iTable = i;
        pExpr->iField = j;
        pEList = sqliteExprListAppend(pEList, pExpr, 0);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Resolve the field names in all the expressions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pEList->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
  }
  if( pWhere && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
    goto select_cleanup;
  }
  if( pOrderBy ){
    for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr) ){
        goto select_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto select_cleanup;
  if( pOrderBy ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }


  /* Identify column names
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnCount, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p;
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
      if( zName[0]=='\'' || zName[0]=='"' ){
        sqliteVdbeDequoteP3(v, addr);
      }
      continue;
    }
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( p->op!=TK_FIELD ){
      char zName[30];
      sprintf(zName, "field%d", i+1);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
    }else{
      if( pTabList->nId>1 ){
        char *zName = 0;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[p->iTable].pTab;
        sqliteSetString(&zName, pTab->zName, ".", 
               pTab->azCol[p->iField], 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
        sqliteFree(zName);
      }else{
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, pTab->azCol[p->iField], 0);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */  
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_cleanup;

  /* Pull the requested fields.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    sqliteExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr);
  }
  
  /* If there is no ORDER BY clause, then we can invoke the callback
  ** right away.  If there is an ORDER BY, then we need to put the
  ** data into an appropriate sorter record.
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
  }else{
    char *zSortOrder;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortMakeRec, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
    zSortOrder = sqliteMalloc( pOrderBy->nExpr + 1 );
    if( zSortOrder==0 ) goto select_cleanup;
    for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
      zSortOrder[i] = pOrderBy->a[i].idx ? '-' : '+';
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
    }
    zSortOrder[pOrderBy->nExpr] = 0;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortMakeKey, pOrderBy->nExpr, 0, zSortOrder, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortPut, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    int end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int addr;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Sort, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortNext, 0, end, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortCallback, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Noop, 0, 0, 0, end);
  }

  /* Always execute the following code before exiting, in order to
  ** release resources.
  */
select_cleanup:
  sqliteExprListDelete(pEList);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  sqliteExprListDelete(pOrderBy);
  return;
}

/*
** Process a DELETE FROM statement.
*/
void sqliteDeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Token *pTableName,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  IdList *pTabList;      /* An ID list holding pTab and nothing else */
  int end, addr;         /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */

  /* Locate the table which we want to update.  This table has to be
  ** put in an IdList structure because some of the subroutines will
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an IdList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameger.
  */
  pTabList = sqliteIdListAppend(0, pTableName);
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab->readOnly ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTabList->a[i].zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
  }
  pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;

  /* Resolve the field names in all the expressions.
  */
  if( pWhere && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 1);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Remember the index of every item to be deleted.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListWrite, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* Delete every item identified in the list.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, i, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
  }
  end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, end, 0, 0);
  if( pTab->pIndex ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Fetch, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int j;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_DeleteIdx, i, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListClose, 0, 0, 0, end);

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

/*
** Process an UPDATE statement.
*/
void sqliteUpdate(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Token *pTableName,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  IdList *pTabList = 0;  /* List containing only pTab */
  int end, addr;         /* A couple of addresses in the generated code */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
  Index **apIdx = 0;     /* An array of indices that need updating too */
  int *aXRef = 0;        /* aXRef[i] is the index in pChanges->a[] of the
                         ** an expression for the i-th field of the table.
                         ** aXRef[i]==-1 if the i-th field is not changed. */

  /* Locate the table which we want to update.  This table has to be
  ** put in an IdList structure because some of the subroutines will
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an IdList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameger.
  */
  pTabList = sqliteIdListAppend(0, pTableName);
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab->readOnly ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTabList->a[i].zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }
  pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;
  aXRef = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(int) * pTab->nCol );
  if( aXRef==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Resolve the field names in all the expressions in both the
  ** WHERE clause and in the new values.  Also find the field index
  ** for each field to be updated in the pChanges array.
  */
  if( pWhere && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pChanges->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( strcmp(pTab->azCol[j], pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        pChanges->a[i].idx = j;
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", 
         pChanges->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate memory for the array apIdx[] and fill it pointers to every
  ** index that needs to be updated.  Indices only need updating if their
  ** key includes one of the fields named in pChanges.
  */
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
      if( aXRef[pIdx->aiField[i]]>=0 ) break;
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nField ) nIdx++;
  }
  apIdx = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(Index*) * nIdx );
  if( apIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
      if( aXRef[pIdx->aiField[i]]>=0 ) break;
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nField ) apIdx[nIdx++] = pIdx;
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 1);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;

  /* Remember the index of every item to be updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListWrite, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* Rewind the list of records that need to be updated and
  ** open every index that needs updating.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, i+1, 0, apIdx[i]->zName, 0);
  }

  /* Loop over every record that needs updating.  We have to load
  ** the old data for each record to be updated because some fields
  ** might not change and we will need to copy the old value, therefore.
  ** Also, the old data is needed to delete the old index entires.
  */
  end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, end, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Fetch, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* Delete the old indices for the current record.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    pIdx = apIdx[i];
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_DeleteIdx, i+1, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Compute a completely new data for this record.  
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    j = aXRef[i];
    if( j<0 ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, i, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr);
    }
  }

  /* Insert new index entries that correspond to the new data
  */
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0); /* The KEY */
    pIdx = apIdx[i];
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, j+pTab->nCol-pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0, 0);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIdx, i+1, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Write the new data back into the database.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Put, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListClose, 0, 0, 0, end);

update_cleanup:
  sqliteFree(apIdx);
  sqliteFree(aXRef);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprListDelete(pChanges);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

/*
** The COPY command is for compatibility with PostgreSQL and specificially
** for the ability to read the output of pg_dump.  The format is as
** follows:
**
**    COPY table FROM file [USING DELIMITERS string]







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**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** when syntax rules are reduced.
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.11 2000/05/31 15:34:52 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is called after a single SQL statement has been
** parsed and we want to execute the code to implement 
** the statement.  Prior action routines should have already
................................................................................

/*
** Construct the name of a user table from a token.
**
** Space to hold the name is obtained from sqliteMalloc() and must
** be freed by the calling function.
*/
char *sqliteTableNameFromToken(Token *pName){
  char *zName = 0;
  sqliteSetNString(&zName, pName->z, pName->n, 0);
  sqliteDequote(zName);
  return zName;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Given a token, look up a table with that name.  If not found, leave
** an error for the parser to find and return NULL.
*/
Table *sqliteTableFromToken(Parse *pParse, Token *pTok){
  char *zName = sqliteTableNameFromToken(pTok);
  Table *pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, zName);
  sqliteFree(zName);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 0, 
        pTok->z, pTok->n, 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
................................................................................
    sqliteFree(pList->a[i].zName);
    sqliteFree(pList->a[i].zAlias);
  }
  sqliteFree(pList->a);
  sqliteFree(pList);
}







































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** The COPY command is for compatibility with PostgreSQL and specificially
** for the ability to read the output of pg_dump.  The format is as
** follows:
**
**    COPY table FROM file [USING DELIMITERS string]

Added src/delete.c.









































































































































































































































































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/*
** Copyright (c) 1999, 2000 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
** version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
** General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
** License along with this library; if not, write to the
** Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.1 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Process a DELETE FROM statement.
*/
void sqliteDeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Token *pTableName,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  IdList *pTabList;      /* An ID list holding pTab and nothing else */
  int end, addr;         /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */

  /* Locate the table which we want to update.  This table has to be
  ** put in an IdList structure because some of the subroutines will
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an IdList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameger.
  */
  pTabList = sqliteIdListAppend(0, pTableName);
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab->readOnly ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTabList->a[i].zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
  }
  pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;

  /* Resolve the field names in all the expressions.
  */
  if( pWhere ){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
      goto delete_from_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 1);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Remember the index of every item to be deleted.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListWrite, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* Delete every item identified in the list.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, i, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
  }
  end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, end, 0, 0);
  if( pTab->pIndex ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Fetch, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int j;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_DeleteIdx, i, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListClose, 0, 0, 0, end);

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

Added src/expr.c.































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** Copyright (c) 1999, 2000 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
** version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
** General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
** License along with this library; if not, write to the
** Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines used for processing expressions
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.1 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine walks an expression tree and resolves references to
** table fields.  Nodes of the form ID.ID or ID resolve into an
** index to the table in the table list and a field offset.  The opcode
** for such nodes is changed to TK_FIELD.  The iTable value is changed
** to the index of the referenced table in pTabList, and the iField value
** is changed to the index of the field of the referenced table.
**
** Unknown fields or tables provoke an error.  The function returns
** the number of errors seen and leaves an error message on pParse->zErrMsg.
*/
int sqliteExprResolveIds(Parse *pParse, IdList *pTabList, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* A lone identifier */
    case TK_ID: {
      int cnt = 0;   /* Number of matches */
      int i;         /* Loop counter */
      char *z = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&z, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
        int j;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
        if( pTab==0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          if( sqliteStrICmp(pTab->azCol[j], z)==0 ){
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = i;
            pExpr->iField = j;
          }
        }
      }
      sqliteFree(z);
      if( cnt==0 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", -1,  
          pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }else if( cnt>1 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "ambiguous field name: ", -1,  
          pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }
      pExpr->op = TK_FIELD;
      break; 
    }
  
    /* A table name and field name:  ID.ID */
    case TK_DOT: {
      int cnt = 0;   /* Number of matches */
      int i;         /* Loop counter */
      Expr *pLeft, *pRight;    /* Left and right subbranches of the expr */
      int n;                   /* Length of an identifier */
      char *zLeft, *zRight;    /* Text of an identifier */

      pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      assert( pLeft && pLeft->op==TK_ID );
      assert( pRight && pRight->op==TK_ID );
      zLeft = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&zLeft, pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, 0);
      zRight = 0;
      sqliteSetNString(&zRight, pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
        int j;
        char *zTab;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
        if( pTab==0 ) continue;
        if( pTabList->a[i].zAlias ){
          zTab = pTabList->a[i].zAlias;
        }else{
          zTab = pTab->zName;
        }
        if( sqliteStrICmp(zTab, zLeft)!=0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          if( sqliteStrICmp(pTab->azCol[j], zRight)==0 ){
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = i;
            pExpr->iField = j;
          }
        }
      }
      sqliteFree(zLeft);
      sqliteFree(zRight);
      if( cnt==0 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", -1,  
          pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, ".", 1, 
          pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }else if( cnt>1 ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "ambiguous field name: ", -1,  
          pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, ".", 1,
          pRight->token.z, pRight->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        return 1;
      }
      sqliteExprDelete(pLeft);
      pExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqliteExprDelete(pRight);
      pExpr->pRight = 0;
      pExpr->op = TK_FIELD;
      break;
    }

    /* For all else, just recursively walk the tree */
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft 
            && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pExpr->pLeft) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight 
            && sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pExpr->pRight) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pList ){
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->pList;
        for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
          if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
            return 1;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

#if 0 /* NOT USED */
/*
** Compare a token against a string.  Return TRUE if they match.
*/
static int sqliteTokenCmp(Token *pToken, const char *zStr){
  int n = strlen(zStr);
  if( n!=pToken->n ) return 0;
  return sqliteStrNICmp(pToken->z, zStr, n)==0;
}
#endif

/*
** Convert a function name into its integer identifier.  Return the
** identifier.  Return FN_Unknown if the function name is unknown.
*/
int sqliteFuncId(Token *pToken){
  static const struct {
     char *zName;
     int len;
     int id;
  } aFunc[] = {
     { "count",  5, FN_Count },
     { "min",    3, FN_Min   },
     { "max",    3, FN_Max   },
     { "sum",    3, FN_Sum   },
  };
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aFunc); i++){
    if( aFunc[i].len==pToken->n 
     && sqliteStrNICmp(pToken->z, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].len)==0 ){
       return aFunc[i].id;
    }
  }
  return FN_Unknown;
}

/*
** Error check the functions in an expression.  Make sure all
** function names are recognized and all functions have the correct
** number of arguments.  Leave an error message in pParse->zErrMsg
** if anything is amiss.  Return the number of errors.
**
** if pIsAgg is not null and this expression is an aggregate function
** (like count(*) or max(value)) then write a 1 into *pIsAgg.
*/
int sqliteExprCheck(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int allowAgg, int *pIsAgg){
  int nErr = 0;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( pIsAgg ) *pIsAgg = 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      int id = sqliteFuncId(&pExpr->token);
      int n = pExpr->pList ? pExpr->pList->nExpr : 0;
      int no_such_func = 0;
      int too_many_args = 0;
      int too_few_args = 0;
      int is_agg = 0;
      int i;
      switch( id ){
        case FN_Unknown: { 
          no_such_func = 1;
          break;
        }
        case FN_Count: { 
          no_such_func = !allowAgg;
          too_many_args = n>1;
          is_agg = 1;
          break;
        }
        case FN_Max:
        case FN_Min: {
          too_few_args = allowAgg ? n<1 : n<2;
          is_agg = n==1;
          break;
        }
        case FN_Sum: {
          no_such_func = !allowAgg;
          too_many_args = n>1;
          too_few_args = n<1;
          is_agg = 1;
          break;
        }
        default: break;
      }
      if( no_such_func ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such function: ", -1,
           pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        nErr++;
      }else if( too_many_args ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "too many arguments to function ",-1,
           pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, "()", 2, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        nErr++;
      }else if( too_few_args ){
        sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "too few arguments to function ",-1,
           pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, "()", 2, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        nErr++;
      }
      if( is_agg && pIsAgg ) *pIsAgg = 1;
      for(i=0; nErr==0 && i<n; i++){
        nErr = sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0);
      }
    }
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        nErr = sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, 0, 0);
      }
      if( nErr==0 && pExpr->pRight ){
        nErr = sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pRight, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  return nErr;
}

/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression and leave the result on the stack.
*/
void sqliteExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_PLUS:     op = OP_Add;      break;
    case TK_MINUS:    op = OP_Subtract; break;
    case TK_STAR:     op = OP_Multiply; break;
    case TK_SLASH:    op = OP_Divide;   break;
    case TK_AND:      op = OP_And;      break;
    case TK_OR:       op = OP_Or;       break;
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOT:      op = OP_Not;      break;
    case TK_UMINUS:   op = OP_Negative; break;
    default: break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_FIELD: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iField, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      int i = atoi(pExpr->token.z);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, i, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP3(v, addr, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      break;
    }
    case TK_STRING: {
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP3(v, addr, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      sqliteVdbeDequoteP3(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
    case TK_SLASH: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: 
    case TK_LIKE: 
    case TK_GLOB: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT:
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      int id = sqliteFuncId(&pExpr->token);
      int op;
      int i;
      ExprList *pList = pExpr->pList;
      op = id==FN_Min ? OP_Min : OP_Max;
      for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr);
        if( i>0 ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0, 0, 0);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  return;
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.
*/
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ:
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_GLOB: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is false but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is true.
*/
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_GLOB: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 1, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Not, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
  }
}

Added src/insert.c.





























































































































































































































































































































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/*
** Copyright (c) 1999, 2000 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
** version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
** General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
** License along with this library; if not, write to the
** Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements.
**
** $Id: insert.c,v 1.1 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following form:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
**
** The parameters are the table name and the expression list.
*/
void sqliteInsert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  Token *pTableName,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  ExprList *pList,      /* List of values to be inserted */
  IdList *pField        /* Field name corresponding to pList.  Might be NULL */
){
  Table *pTab;
  char *zTab;
  int i, j;
  Vdbe *v;

  zTab = sqliteTableNameFromToken(pTableName);
  pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, zTab);
  sqliteFree(zTab);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 0, 
        pTableName->z, pTableName->n, 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pTab->readOnly ){
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField==0 && pList->nExpr!=pTab->nCol ){
    char zNum1[30];
    char zNum2[30];
    sprintf(zNum1,"%d", pList->nExpr);
    sprintf(zNum2,"%d", pTab->nCol);
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
       " has ", zNum2, " columns but ",
       zNum1, " values were supplied", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField!=0 && pList->nExpr!=pField->nId ){
    char zNum1[30];
    char zNum2[30];
    sprintf(zNum1,"%d", pList->nExpr);
    sprintf(zNum2,"%d", pField->nId);
    sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, zNum1, " values for ",
       zNum2, " columns", 0);
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pField ){
    for(i=0; i<pField->nId; i++){
      pField->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pField->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqliteStrICmp(pField->a[i].zName, pTab->azCol[j])==0 ){
          pField->a[i].idx = j;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTab->zName,
           " has no column named ", pField->a[i].zName, 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }
  v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  if( v ){
    Index *pIdx;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_New, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pTab->pIndex ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    }
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( pField==0 ){
        j = i;
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pField->nId; j++){
          if( pField->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( pField && j>=pField->nId ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
      }else{
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
      }
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Put, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      if( pIdx->pNext ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, 0, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
        int idx = pIdx->aiField[i];
        if( pField==0 ){
          j = idx;
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pField->nId; j++){
            if( pField->a[j].idx==idx ) break;
          }
        }
        if( pField && j>=pField->nId ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
        }else{
          sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
        }
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIdx, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

insert_cleanup:
  sqliteExprListDelete(pList);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pField);
}

Changes to src/parse.y.

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**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains SQLite's grammar for SQL.  Process this file
** using the lemon parser generator to generate C code that runs
** the parser.  Lemon will also generate a header file containing
** numeric codes for all of the tokens.
**
** @(#) $Id: parse.y,v 1.3 2000/05/31 02:27:49 drh Exp $
*/
%token_prefix TK_
%token_type {Token}
%extra_argument {Parse *pParse}
%syntax_error {
  sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg,"syntax error near \"",0,TOKEN.z,TOKEN.n,
                   "\"", 1, 0);
................................................................................
expr(A) ::= NULL.            {A = sqliteExpr(TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) DOT ID(Y). {Expr *temp1 = sqliteExpr(TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
                              Expr *temp2 = sqliteExpr(TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
                              A = sqliteExpr(TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);}
expr(A) ::= INTEGER(X).      {A = sqliteExpr(TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= FLOAT(X).        {A = sqliteExpr(TK_FLOAT, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= STRING(X).       {A = sqliteExpr(TK_STRING, 0, 0, &X);}
// expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP exprlist(Y) RP.  {A = sqliteExprFunction(Y, &X);}
// expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP STAR RP.         {A = sqliteExprFunction(0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) AND expr(Y).   {A = sqliteExpr(TK_AND, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) OR expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_OR, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LT expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_LT, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) GT expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_GT, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_LE, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) GE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_GE, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) NE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_NE, X, Y, 0);}
................................................................................
expr(A) ::= PLUS expr(X). [NOT]    {A = X;}

%type exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor exprlist {sqliteExprListDelete($$);}
%type expritem {Expr*}
%destructor expritem {sqliteExprDelete($$);}

/*
exprlist(A) ::= exprlist(X) COMMA expritem(Y). 
   {A = sqliteExprListAppend(X,Y,0);}
exprlist(A) ::= expritem(X).            {A = sqliteExprListAppend(0,X,0);}
expritem(A) ::= expr(X).                {A = X;}
expritem(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}
*/

cmd ::= CREATE(S) uniqueflag INDEX ID(X) ON ID(Y) LP idxlist(Z) RP(E).
    {sqliteCreateIndex(pParse, &X, &Y, Z, &S, &E);}
uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE.
uniqueflag ::= .

%type idxlist {IdList*}







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**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains SQLite's grammar for SQL.  Process this file
** using the lemon parser generator to generate C code that runs
** the parser.  Lemon will also generate a header file containing
** numeric codes for all of the tokens.
**
** @(#) $Id: parse.y,v 1.4 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
%token_prefix TK_
%token_type {Token}
%extra_argument {Parse *pParse}
%syntax_error {
  sqliteSetNString(&pParse->zErrMsg,"syntax error near \"",0,TOKEN.z,TOKEN.n,
                   "\"", 1, 0);
................................................................................
expr(A) ::= NULL.            {A = sqliteExpr(TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) DOT ID(Y). {Expr *temp1 = sqliteExpr(TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
                              Expr *temp2 = sqliteExpr(TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
                              A = sqliteExpr(TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);}
expr(A) ::= INTEGER(X).      {A = sqliteExpr(TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= FLOAT(X).        {A = sqliteExpr(TK_FLOAT, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= STRING(X).       {A = sqliteExpr(TK_STRING, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP exprlist(Y) RP.  {A = sqliteExprFunction(Y, &X);}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP STAR RP.         {A = sqliteExprFunction(0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) AND expr(Y).   {A = sqliteExpr(TK_AND, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) OR expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_OR, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LT expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_LT, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) GT expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_GT, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_LE, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) GE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_GE, X, Y, 0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) NE expr(Y).    {A = sqliteExpr(TK_NE, X, Y, 0);}
................................................................................
expr(A) ::= PLUS expr(X). [NOT]    {A = X;}

%type exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor exprlist {sqliteExprListDelete($$);}
%type expritem {Expr*}
%destructor expritem {sqliteExprDelete($$);}


exprlist(A) ::= exprlist(X) COMMA expritem(Y). 
   {A = sqliteExprListAppend(X,Y,0);}
exprlist(A) ::= expritem(X).            {A = sqliteExprListAppend(0,X,0);}
expritem(A) ::= expr(X).                {A = X;}
expritem(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}


cmd ::= CREATE(S) uniqueflag INDEX ID(X) ON ID(Y) LP idxlist(Z) RP(E).
    {sqliteCreateIndex(pParse, &X, &Y, Z, &S, &E);}
uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE.
uniqueflag ::= .

%type idxlist {IdList*}

Added src/select.c.































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** Copyright (c) 1999, 2000 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
** version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
** General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
** License along with this library; if not, write to the
** Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.1 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Process a SELECT statement.
*/
void sqliteSelect(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  ExprList *pEList,      /* List of fields to extract.  NULL means "*" */
  IdList *pTabList,      /* List of tables to select from */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be NULL */
  ExprList *pOrderBy     /* The ORDER BY clause.  May be NULL */
){
  int i, j;
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;
  Vdbe *v;
  int isAgg = 0;         /* True for select lists like "count(*)" */

  if( pParse->nErr>0 ) goto select_cleanup;

  /* Look up every table in the table list.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* If the list of fields to retrieve is "*" then replace it with
  ** a list of all fields from all tables.
  */
  if( pEList==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
      Table *pTab = pTabList->a[i].pTab;
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        Expr *pExpr = sqliteExpr(TK_FIELD, 0, 0, 0);
        pExpr->iTable = i;
        pExpr->iField = j;
        pEList = sqliteExprListAppend(pEList, pExpr, 0);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Resolve the field names and do a semantics check on all the expressions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pEList->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr, 1, &pEList->a[i].isAgg) ){
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
  }
  if( pEList->nExpr>0 ){
    isAgg = pEList->a[0].isAgg;
    for(i=1; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      if( pEList->a[i].isAgg!=isAgg ){
        sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "some selected items are aggregates "
          "and others are not", 0);
        pParse->nErr++;
        goto select_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }
  if( pWhere ){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
      goto select_cleanup;
    }
  }
  if( pOrderBy ){
    for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr) ){
        goto select_cleanup;
      }
      if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0) ){
        goto select_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* ORDER BY is ignored if this is an aggregate query like count(*)
  ** since only one row will be returned.
  */
  if( isAgg && pOrderBy ){
    sqliteExprListDelete(pOrderBy);
    pOrderBy = 0;
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto select_cleanup;
  if( pOrderBy ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Identify column names
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnCount, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p;
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
      if( zName[0]=='\'' || zName[0]=='"' ){
        sqliteVdbeDequoteP3(v, addr);
      }
      continue;
    }
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( p->op!=TK_FIELD ){
      char zName[30];
      sprintf(zName, "field%d", i+1);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
    }else{
      if( pTabList->nId>1 ){
        char *zName = 0;
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[p->iTable].pTab;
        sqliteSetString(&zName, pTab->zName, ".", 
               pTab->azCol[p->iField], 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, zName, 0);
        sqliteFree(zName);
      }else{
        Table *pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ColumnName, i, 0, pTab->azCol[p->iField], 0);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Initialize the stack to contain aggregate seed values
  */
  if( isAgg ){
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      switch( sqliteFuncId(&p->token) ){
        case FN_Min:
        case FN_Max: {
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
          break;
        }
        default: {
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0, 0, 0);
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */  
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_cleanup;

  /* Pull the requested fields.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    sqliteExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr);
  }
  
  /* If there is no ORDER BY clause, then we can invoke the callback
  ** right away.  If there is an ORDER BY, then we need to put the
  ** data into an appropriate sorter record.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    char *zSortOrder;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortMakeRec, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
    zSortOrder = sqliteMalloc( pOrderBy->nExpr + 1 );
    if( zSortOrder==0 ) goto select_cleanup;
    for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
      zSortOrder[i] = pOrderBy->a[i].idx ? '-' : '+';
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
    }
    zSortOrder[pOrderBy->nExpr] = 0;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortMakeKey, pOrderBy->nExpr, 0, zSortOrder, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortPut, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }else if( isAgg ){
    int n = pEList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<n; i++){
      Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      int id = sqliteFuncId(&p->token);
      int op, p1;
      if( n>1 ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pull, n-1, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      if( id!=FN_Count && p->pList && p->pList->nExpr>=1 ){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, p->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      }
      switch( sqliteFuncId(&p->token) ){
        case FN_Count: op = OP_AddImm; p1 = 1; break;
        case FN_Sum:   op = OP_Add;    p1 = 0; break;
        case FN_Min:   op = OP_Min;    p1 = 1; break;
        case FN_Max:   op = OP_Max;    p1 = 0; break;
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, p1, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    int end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int addr;
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Sort, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortNext, 0, end, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortCallback, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Noop, 0, 0, 0, end);
  }

  /* If this is an aggregate, then we need to invoke the callback
  ** exactly once.
  */
  if( isAgg ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, pEList->nExpr, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Always execute the following code before exiting, in order to
  ** release resources.
  */
select_cleanup:
  sqliteExprListDelete(pEList);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  sqliteExprListDelete(pOrderBy);
  return;
}

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.4 2000/05/31 02:27:49 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "dbbe.h"
#include "vdbe.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include <gdbm.h>
#include <stdio.h>
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    (sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))











/*
** Forward references to structures
*/
typedef struct Table Table;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct Instruction Instruction;
typedef struct Expr Expr;
................................................................................
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  struct {
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */
    int idx;               /* ... */

  } *a;                  /* One entry for each expression */
};

/*
** A list of identifiers.
*/
struct IdList {
................................................................................
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int);
Table *sqliteFindTable(sqlite*,char*);
void sqliteCopy(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
void sqliteVacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqliteGlobCompare(const char*,const char*);
int sqliteLikeCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);










|







 







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>







 







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** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.5 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "dbbe.h"
#include "vdbe.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include <gdbm.h>
#include <stdio.h>
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    (sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))

/*
** Integer identifiers for functions.
*/
#define FN_Unknown    0
#define FN_Count      1
#define FN_Min        2
#define FN_Max        3
#define FN_Sum        4
#define FN_Avg        5

/*
** Forward references to structures
*/
typedef struct Table Table;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct Instruction Instruction;
typedef struct Expr Expr;
................................................................................
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  struct {
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */
    int idx;               /* ... */
    int isAgg;             /* True if this is an aggregate like count(*) */
  } *a;                  /* One entry for each expression */
};

/*
** A list of identifiers.
*/
struct IdList {
................................................................................
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int);
Table *sqliteFindTable(sqlite*,char*);
void sqliteCopy(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
void sqliteVacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqliteGlobCompare(const char*,const char*);
int sqliteLikeCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);
char *sqliteTableNameFromToken(Token*);
int sqliteExprCheck(Parse*, Expr*, int, int*);
int sqliteFuncId(Token*);

Added src/update.c.



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** Copyright (c) 1999, 2000 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
** version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
** General Public License for more details.
** 
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
** License along with this library; if not, write to the
** Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: update.c,v 1.1 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Process an UPDATE statement.
*/
void sqliteUpdate(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Token *pTableName,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  IdList *pTabList = 0;  /* List containing only pTab */
  int end, addr;         /* A couple of addresses in the generated code */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
  Index **apIdx = 0;     /* An array of indices that need updating too */
  int *aXRef = 0;        /* aXRef[i] is the index in pChanges->a[] of the
                         ** an expression for the i-th field of the table.
                         ** aXRef[i]==-1 if the i-th field is not changed. */

  /* Locate the table which we want to update.  This table has to be
  ** put in an IdList structure because some of the subroutines will
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an IdList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameger.
  */
  pTabList = sqliteIdListAppend(0, pTableName);
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nId; i++){
    pTabList->a[i].pTab = sqliteFindTable(pParse->db, pTabList->a[i].zName);
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab==0 ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such table: ", 
         pTabList->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( pTabList->a[i].pTab->readOnly ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "table ", pTabList->a[i].zName,
        " may not be modified", 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }
  pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;
  aXRef = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(int) * pTab->nCol );
  if( aXRef==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Resolve the field names in all the expressions in both the
  ** WHERE clause and in the new values.  Also find the field index
  ** for each field to be updated in the pChanges array.
  */
  if( pWhere ){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pWhere) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, pChanges->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pChanges->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( strcmp(pTab->azCol[j], pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        pChanges->a[i].idx = j;
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqliteSetString(&pParse->zErrMsg, "no such field: ", 
         pChanges->a[i].zName, 0);
      pParse->nErr++;
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate memory for the array apIdx[] and fill it pointers to every
  ** index that needs to be updated.  Indices only need updating if their
  ** key includes one of the fields named in pChanges.
  */
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
      if( aXRef[pIdx->aiField[i]]>=0 ) break;
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nField ) nIdx++;
  }
  apIdx = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(Index*) * nIdx );
  if( apIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nField; i++){
      if( aXRef[pIdx->aiField[i]]>=0 ) break;
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nField ) apIdx[nIdx++] = pIdx;
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqliteVdbeCreate(pParse->db->pBe);
  }
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListOpen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 1);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;

  /* Remember the index of every item to be updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListWrite, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* Rewind the list of records that need to be updated and
  ** open every index that needs updating.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Open, i+1, 0, apIdx[i]->zName, 0);
  }

  /* Loop over every record that needs updating.  We have to load
  ** the old data for each record to be updated because some fields
  ** might not change and we will need to copy the old value, therefore.
  ** Also, the old data is needed to delete the old index entires.
  */
  end = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, end, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Fetch, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* Delete the old indices for the current record.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    pIdx = apIdx[i];
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_DeleteIdx, i+1, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Compute a completely new data for this record.  
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    j = aXRef[i];
    if( j<0 ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, 0, i, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr);
    }
  }

  /* Insert new index entries that correspond to the new data
  */
  for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0); /* The KEY */
    pIdx = apIdx[i];
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nField; j++){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, j+pTab->nCol-pIdx->aiField[j], 0, 0, 0);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pIdx->nField, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIdx, i+1, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Write the new data back into the database.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Put, 0, 0, 0, 0);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListClose, 0, 0, 0, end);

update_cleanup:
  sqliteFree(apIdx);
  sqliteFree(aXRef);
  sqliteIdListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprListDelete(pChanges);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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** inplicit conversion from one type to the other occurs as necessary.
** 
** Most of the code in this file is taken up by the sqliteVdbeExec()
** function which does the work of interpreting a VDBE program.
** But other routines are also provided to help in building up
** a program instruction by instruction.
**
** $Id: vdbe.c,v 1.3 2000/05/31 02:27:50 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** SQL is translated into a sequence of instructions to be
** executed by a virtual machine.  Each instruction is an instance
** of the following structure.
................................................................................
        }else{
          Stringify(p, tos);
          Stringify(p, nos);
          if( sqliteCompare(p->zStack[nos], p->zStack[tos])<0 ){
            sqliteFree(p->zStack[nos]);
            p->zStack[nos] = p->zStack[tos];
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];

          }
        }
        p->tos--;
        break;
      }

      /* Opcode: Min * * *
      **
      ** Pop the top two elements from the stack then push back the
      ** smaller of the two.



      */
      case OP_Min: {
        int tos = p->tos;
        int nos = tos - 1;
        if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack;
        if( p->zStack[tos]==0 && p->zStack[nos]==0 ){
          if( p->iStack[nos]>p->iStack[tos] ){
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];
          }
        }else{
          Stringify(p, tos);
          Stringify(p, nos);






          if( sqliteCompare(p->zStack[nos], p->zStack[tos])>0 ){
            sqliteFree(p->zStack[nos]);
            p->zStack[nos] = p->zStack[tos];
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];

          }
        }
        p->tos--;
        break;
      }

      /* Opcode: AddImm  P1 * *







|







 







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875
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** inplicit conversion from one type to the other occurs as necessary.
** 
** Most of the code in this file is taken up by the sqliteVdbeExec()
** function which does the work of interpreting a VDBE program.
** But other routines are also provided to help in building up
** a program instruction by instruction.
**
** $Id: vdbe.c,v 1.4 2000/05/31 15:34:53 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** SQL is translated into a sequence of instructions to be
** executed by a virtual machine.  Each instruction is an instance
** of the following structure.
................................................................................
        }else{
          Stringify(p, tos);
          Stringify(p, nos);
          if( sqliteCompare(p->zStack[nos], p->zStack[tos])<0 ){
            sqliteFree(p->zStack[nos]);
            p->zStack[nos] = p->zStack[tos];
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];
            p->zStack[tos] = 0;
          }
        }
        p->tos--;
        break;
      }

      /* Opcode: Min * * *
      **
      ** Pop the top two elements from the stack then push back the
      ** smaller of the two. 
      **
      ** If P1==1, always choose TOS for the min and decrement P1.
      ** This is self-altering code...
      */
      case OP_Min: {
        int tos = p->tos;
        int nos = tos - 1;
        if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack;
        if( p->zStack[tos]==0 && p->zStack[nos]==0 ){
          if( p->iStack[nos]>p->iStack[tos] ){
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];
          }
        }else{
          Stringify(p, tos);
          Stringify(p, nos);
          if( pOp->p1==1 ){
            sqliteFree(p->zStack[nos]);
            p->zStack[nos] = p->zStack[tos];
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];
            p->zStack[tos] = 0;
            pOp->p1 = 0;
          }else if( sqliteCompare(p->zStack[nos], p->zStack[tos])>0 ){
            sqliteFree(p->zStack[nos]);
            p->zStack[nos] = p->zStack[tos];
            p->iStack[nos] = p->iStack[tos];
            p->zStack[tos] = 0;
          }
        }
        p->tos--;
        break;
      }

      /* Opcode: AddImm  P1 * *

Changes to src/where.c.

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**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  Also found here are subroutines
** to generate VDBE code to evaluate expressions.
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.4 2000/05/31 02:27:50 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................
void sqliteWhereEnd(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, pWInfo->iContinue, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Noop, 0, 0, 0, pWInfo->iBreak);
  sqliteFree(pWInfo);
  return;
}

/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression and leave the result on the stack.
*/
void sqliteExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_PLUS:     op = OP_Add;      break;
    case TK_MINUS:    op = OP_Subtract; break;
    case TK_STAR:     op = OP_Multiply; break;
    case TK_SLASH:    op = OP_Divide;   break;
    case TK_AND:      op = OP_And;      break;
    case TK_OR:       op = OP_Or;       break;
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOT:      op = OP_Not;      break;
    case TK_UMINUS:   op = OP_Negative; break;
    default: break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_FIELD: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Field, pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iField, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      int i = atoi(pExpr->token.z);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, i, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP3(v, addr, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      break;
    }
    case TK_STRING: {
      int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP3(v, addr, pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      sqliteVdbeDequoteP3(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0, "", 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
    case TK_SLASH: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: 
    case TK_LIKE: 
    case TK_GLOB: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT:
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
  }
  return;
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.
*/
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ:
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_GLOB: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is false but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is true.
*/
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GE:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_NE:       op = OP_Eq;       break;
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_LIKE:     op = OP_Like;     break;
    case TK_GLOB:     op = OP_Glob;     break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_GLOB: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 1, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Not, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
  }
}







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**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  Also found here are subroutines
** to generate VDBE code to evaluate expressions.
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.5 2000/05/31 15:34:54 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................
void sqliteWhereEnd(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, pWInfo->iContinue, 0, 0);
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Noop, 0, 0, 0, pWInfo->iBreak);
  sqliteFree(pWInfo);
  return;
}













































































































































































































































Changes to www/changes.tcl.

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}


proc chng {date desc} {
  puts "<DT><B>$date</B></DT>"
  puts "<DD><P><UL>$desc</UL></P></DD>"
}






chng {2000 May 30} {
<li>Added the <b>LIKE</b> operator.</li>
<li>Added a <b>GLOB</b> operator: similar to <B>LIKE</B> 
but it uses Unix shell globbing wildcards instead of the '%' 
and '_' wildcards of SQL.</li>
<li>Added the <B>COPY</b> command patterned after 







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}


proc chng {date desc} {
  puts "<DT><B>$date</B></DT>"
  puts "<DD><P><UL>$desc</UL></P></DD>"
}

chan {2000 May 31} {
<li>Added support for aggregate functions (Ex: <b>COUNT(*)<b>, <b>MIN(...)</b>)
to the SELECT statement.</li>
}

chng {2000 May 30} {
<li>Added the <b>LIKE</b> operator.</li>
<li>Added a <b>GLOB</b> operator: similar to <B>LIKE</B> 
but it uses Unix shell globbing wildcards instead of the '%' 
and '_' wildcards of SQL.</li>
<li>Added the <B>COPY</b> command patterned after 

Changes to www/index.tcl.

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#
# Run this TCL script to generate HTML for the index.html file.
#
set rcsid {$Id: index.tcl,v 1.5 2000/05/31 02:27:50 drh Exp $}

puts {<html>
<head><title>SQLite: An SQL Frontend For GDBM</title></head>
<body bgcolor=white>
<h1 align=center>SQLite: An SQL Frontend For GDBM</h1>
<p align=center>}
puts "Last modified [lrange $rcsid 3 4] GMT"
................................................................................
can be used as an example of how to interact with the SQLite C
library.  For more information on the sqlite program,
see <a href="sqlite.html">sqlite.html</a>.</p>

<p>A history of changes to SQLite is found
<a href="changes.html">here</a>.</p>

<p>SQLite does not try to implement every feature of SQL.  But it
does strive to implement to most commonly used features.  SQLite
currently understands the following SQL commands:</p>

<p>
<ul>
<li>CREATE TABLE</li>
<li>CREATE INDEX</li>
<li>DROP TABLE</li>
<li>DROP INDEX</li>
<li>INSERT INTO</li>
<li>UPDATE</li>
<li>SELECT</li>
<li>DELETE FROM</li>
</ul>
</p>

<p>A few of the many SQL features that SQLite does not (currently) 
implement are as follows:</p>

<p>
<ul>
<li>ALTER TABLE</li>
<li>The GROUP BY or HAVING clauses of a SELECT</li>
<li>The COUNT(), MAX(), MIN(), and AVG() functions</li>
<li>Constraints</li>
<li>Nested queries</li>
<li>Transactions or rollback</li>
</ul>
</p>

<H2>Status</h2>



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#
# Run this TCL script to generate HTML for the index.html file.
#
set rcsid {$Id: index.tcl,v 1.6 2000/05/31 15:34:54 drh Exp $}

puts {<html>
<head><title>SQLite: An SQL Frontend For GDBM</title></head>
<body bgcolor=white>
<h1 align=center>SQLite: An SQL Frontend For GDBM</h1>
<p align=center>}
puts "Last modified [lrange $rcsid 3 4] GMT"
................................................................................
can be used as an example of how to interact with the SQLite C
library.  For more information on the sqlite program,
see <a href="sqlite.html">sqlite.html</a>.</p>

<p>A history of changes to SQLite is found
<a href="changes.html">here</a>.</p>

<p>SQLite does not try to implement every feature of SQL. 
















A few of the many SQL features that SQLite does not (currently) 
implement are as follows:</p>

<p>
<ul>

<li>The GROUP BY or HAVING clauses of a SELECT</li>

<li>Constraints</li>
<li>Nested queries</li>
<li>Transactions or rollback</li>
</ul>
</p>

<H2>Status</h2>