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Overview
Comment:New btree.c module compiles and links. (CVS 1320)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: dcd6b55f932a7ade4ad058534651e198b56370ad
User & Date: drh 2004-05-07 13:30:42
Context
2004-05-07
17:57
The btree.c module compiles and links and passes some tests. Many tests still fail, though. (CVS 1321) check-in: d394b2b2 user: drh tags: trunk
13:30
New btree.c module compiles and links. (CVS 1320) check-in: dcd6b55f user: drh tags: trunk
02:26
Trying to synchronize the test3.c module with the new btree.c code. (CVS 1319) check-in: 7fd1a660 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to main.mk.

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# This is how we compile
#
TCCX = $(TCC) $(OPTS) $(THREADSAFE) $(USLEEP) -I. -I$(TOP)/src

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ = hash.o os.o pager.o random.o \
         util.o tclsqlite.o utf.o

LIBOBJ_ORIG = attach.o auth.o btree.o btree_rb.o build.o copy.o date.o delete.o \
         expr.o func.o hash.o insert.o \
         main.o opcodes.o os.o pager.o parse.o pragma.o printf.o random.o \
         select.o table.o tokenize.o trigger.o update.o util.o \
         vacuum.o vdbe.o vdbeaux.o where.o tclsqlite.o

# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \


  $(TOP)/src/hash.c \
  $(TOP)/src/hash.h \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/util.c 
................................................................................

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/md5.c

TESTSRC_ORIG = \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \







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# This is how we compile
#
TCCX = $(TCC) $(OPTS) $(THREADSAFE) $(USLEEP) -I. -I$(TOP)/src

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ = btree.o hash.o os.o pager.o random.o \
         util.o tclsqlite.o utf.o

LIBOBJ_ORIG = attach.o auth.o btree.o btree_rb.o build.o copy.o date.o delete.o \
         expr.o func.o hash.o insert.o \
         main.o opcodes.o os.o pager.o parse.o pragma.o printf.o random.o \
         select.o table.o tokenize.o trigger.o update.o util.o \
         vacuum.o vdbe.o vdbeaux.o where.o tclsqlite.o

# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/hash.c \
  $(TOP)/src/hash.h \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/util.c 
................................................................................

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test3.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/md5.c

TESTSRC_ORIG = \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os.c \

Changes to src/btree.c.

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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.109 2004/05/04 17:27:28 drh Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  int maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload */
};
typedef Btree Bt;

/*
** A cursor is a pointer to a particular entry in the BTree.
** The entry is identified by its MemPage and the index in
** MemPage.apCell[] of the entry.
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBt;               /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  BtCursor *pShared;        /* Loop of cursors with the same root page */
  int (*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*); /* Key comp func */
  void *pArg;               /* First arg to xCompare() */
................................................................................
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs on the main
** database page.  The number returned includes the Cell header,
** local payload storage, and the pointer to overflow pages (if
** applicable).  Additional space allocated on overflow pages
** is NOT included in the value returned from this routine.
*/
static int cellSize(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){
  CellInfo info;
  int n;
  u64 nData, nKey;
  int nPayload, maxPayload;

  parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &n);
  nPayload = (int)nData;
  if( !pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
static void defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int pc, i, n, addr;
  int start, hdr, size;
  int leftover;
  unsigned char *oldPage;
  unsigned char newPage[MX_PAGE_SIZE];

  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pageSize <= MX_PAGE_SIZE );
  oldPage = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  addr = 3+hdr;
  n = 6+hdr;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    n += 4;
  }
................................................................................
  int size;
  unsigned char *data;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int cnt = 0;
#endif

  data = pPage->aData;
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(data->aData) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  if( nByte<4 ) nByte = 4;
  if( pPage->nFree<nByte || pPage->isOverfull ) return 0;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  if( data[hdr+5]>=60 ){
    defragmentPage(pPage);
  }
  addr = hdr+1;
  pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
  assert( addr<pc );
  assert( pc<=pPage->pageSize-4 );
  while( (size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]))<nByte ){
    addr = pc;
    pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
    assert( pc<=pPage->pageSize-4 );
    assert( pc>=addr+size+4 || pc==0 );
    if( pc==0 ){
      assert( (cnt++)==0 );
      defragmentPage(pPage);
      assert( data[hdr+5]==0 );
      addr = pPage->hdrOffset+1;
      pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
    }
  }
  assert( pc>0 && size>=nByte );
  assert( pc+size<=pPage->pageSize );
  if( size>nByte+4 ){
    put2byte(&data[addr], pc+nByte);
    put2byte(&data[pc+size], get2byte(&data[pc]));
    put2byte(&data[pc+size+2], size-nByte);
  }else{
    put2byte(&data[addr], get2byte(&data[pc]));
    data[hdr+5] += size-nByte;
................................................................................
** and the size of the block is "size" bytes.
**
** Most of the effort here is involved in coalesing adjacent
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static void freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int end = start + size;  /* End of the segment being freed */
  int addr, pbegin, pend;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int tsize = 0;          /* Total size of all freeblocks */
#endif
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(data->aData) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+(pPage->leaf?0:4) );
  assert( end<=pPage->pBt->pageSize );
  if( size<4 ) size = 4;

  /* Add the space back into the linked list of freeblocks */
  addr = pPage->hdrOffset + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))<start && pbegin>0 ){
    assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
    assert( pbegin>addr );
    addr = pbegin;
  }
  assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
  assert( pbegin>addr || pbegin==0 );
  put2bytes(&data[addr], start);
  put2bytes(&data[start], pbegin);
  put2bytes(&data[start+2], size);
  pPage->nFree += size;

  /* Coalesce adjacent free blocks */
  addr = pPage->hdrOffset + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0 ){
    int pnext, psize;
    assert( pbegin>addr );
................................................................................
/*
** Resize the aCell[] array of the given page so that it is able to
** hold at least nNewSz entries.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
static int resizeCellArray(MemPage *pPage, int nNewSz){
  if( pPage->nCellAlloc<nNewSize ){
    pPage->aCell = sqliteRealloc(pPage->aCell, nNewSz*sizeof(pPage->aCell[0]) );
    if( sqlite_malloc_failed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    pPage->nCellAlloc = nNewSize;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**
................................................................................
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
static int initPage(
  MemPage *pPage,        /* The page to be initialized */
  MemPage *pParent       /* The parent.  Might be NULL */
){
  int c, pc, i, hdr;


  int sumCell = 0;       /* Total size of all cells */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pPage->pBt );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlitepager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->aData == &((unsigned char*)pPage)[pPage->pBt->pageSize] );
  assert( pPage->isInit==0 || pPage->pParent==pParent );
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  pPage->pParent = pParent;
  if( pParent ){
    sqlitepager_ref(pParent->aData);
  }
  pPage->nCell = pPage->nCellAlloc = 0;
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  c = pPage->aData[hdr];

  pPage->intKey = (c & PTF_INTKEY)!=0;
  pPage->zeroData = (c & PTF_ZERODATA)!=0;
  pPage->leaf = (c & PTF_LEAF)!=0;


  /* Initialize the cell count and cell pointers */
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
  while( pc>0 ){
    if( pc>=pBt->pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    if( pPage->nCell>pBt->pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    pPage->nCell++;
    pc = get2byte(&data[pc]);
  }
  if( resizeCellArray(pPage, pPage->nCell) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compute the total free space on the page */
  pPage->nFree = data[hdr+5];
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
  while( pc>0 ){
    int next, size;
    if( pc>=pBt->pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
    size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
    if( next>0 && next<=pc+size+3 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    pPage->nFree += size;
    pc = next;
  }
  if( pPage->nFree>=pBt->pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;

  /* Sanity check:  Cells and freespace and header must sum to the size
  ** a page. */
  if( sumCell+pPage->nFree+hdr+10-pPage->leaf*4 != pBt->pageSize ){
    return CORRUPT;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
................................................................................
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  int first;

  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(data->aData) );
  memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->pageSize - hdr);
  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 6 + 4*((flags&0x01)!=0);
  put2byte(&data[hdr+1], first);
  put2byte(&data[first+2], pBt->pageSize - first);
  sqliteFree(pPage->aCell);
  pPage->aCell = 0;
................................................................................
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
*/
static int getPage(Btree *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage **ppPage){
  int rc;
  unsigned char *aData;
  MemPage *pPage;
  rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, pgno, &aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = (MemPage*)aData[pBt->pageSize];
  pPage->aData = aData;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  *ppPage = pPage;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
** call to getPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( &pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize]==(unsigned char*)pPage );
    sqlitepager_unref(pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(void *pData){
  MemPage *pPage = (MemPage*)&((char*)pData)[SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE];
  if( pPage->pParent ){
    MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
    pPage->pParent = 0;
    releasepage(pParent);
  }
  sqliteFree(pPage->aCell);
  pPage->aCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file containing the BTree database */
  Btree **ppBtree,        /* Pointer to new Btree object written here */
  int nCache,             /* Number of cache pages */
  int flags               /* Options */
){
  Btree *pBt;
  int rc, i;
  int nCache = 2000;
  int omitJournal = 0;

  /*
  ** The following asserts make sure that structures used by the btree are
  ** the right size.  This is to guard against size changes that result
  ** when compiling on a different architecture.
  */
  assert( sizeof(u64)==8 );
................................................................................

  pBt = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pBt) );
  if( pBt==0 ){
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( nCache<10 ) nCache = 10;
  rc = sqlitepager_open(&pBt->pPager, zFilename, nCache, EXTRA_SIZE,
                        (flags & BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL)==0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt->pPager ) sqlitepager_close(pBt->pPager);
    sqliteFree(pBt);
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return rc;
  }
  sqlitepager_set_destructor(pBt->pPager, pageDestructor);
  pBt->pCursor = 0;
  pBt->page1 = 0;
  pBt->readOnly = sqlitepager_isreadonly(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->pageSize = SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE;  /* FIX ME - read from header */
  pBt->maxLocal = (pBt->pageSize-10)/4-12;
  *ppBtree = pBt;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close an open database and invalidate all cursors.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree *pBt){
  while( pBt->pCursor ){
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pBt->pCursor);
  }
  sqlitepager_close(pBt->pPager);
  sqliteFree(pBt);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the limit on the number of pages allowed in the cache.
**
................................................................................
** crashes.  But if the operating system crashes or there is
** an abrupt power failure when synchronous is off, the database
** could be left in an inconsistent and unrecoverable state.
** Synchronous is on by default so database corruption is not
** normally a worry.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree *pBt, int mxPage){
  sqlitepager_set_cachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree *pBt, int level){
  sqlitepager_set_safety_level(pBt->pPager, level);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Get a reference to page1 of the database file.  This will
** also acquire a readlock on that file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
** SQLITE_BUSY is returned if the database is locked.  SQLITE_NOMEM
** is returned if we run out of memory.  SQLITE_PROTOCOL is returned
** if there is a locking protocol violation.
*/
static int lockBtree(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage1;
  if( pBt->page1 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = getPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  if( sqlitepager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ){
    if( memcmp(pPage1->aData, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    /*** TBD:  Other header checks such as page size ****/
  }
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
................................................................................
** Create a new database by initializing the first page of the
** file.
*/
static int newDatabase(Btree *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;
  if( sqlitepager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>1 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlitepager_write(data);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE);
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  put2byte(&data[22], (SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-10)/4-12);
................................................................................
  if( pBt->readOnly ) return SQLITE_READONLY;
  if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
    rc = lockBtree(pBt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_begin(pBt->pPage1->aData);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = newDatabase(pBt);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pBt->inTrans = 1;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }else{
................................................................................
** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlitepager_commit(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inTrans = 0;
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur;
  if( pBt->inTrans==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pBt->inTrans = 0;
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlitepager_rollback(pBt->pPager);
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    if( pPage && !pPage->isInit ){
      releasePage(pPage);
      pCur->pPage = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** to start a new checkpoint if another checkpoint is already active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  if( !pBt->inTrans || pBt->inStmt ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlitepager_stmt_begin(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inStmt = 1;
  return rc;
}


/*
** Commit a checkpoint to transaction currently in progress.  If no
** checkpoint is active, this is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlitepager_stmt_commit(pBt->pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** to use a cursor that was open at the beginning of this operation
** will result in an error.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollbackStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur;
  if( pBt->inStmt==0 || pBt->readOnly ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = sqlitepager_stmt_rollback(pBt->pPager);
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    if( pPage && !pPage->isInit ){
      releasePage(pPage);
      pCur->pPage = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
static void getTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){
    sqlitepager_ref(pTempCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
static void releaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->pPage ){
    sqlitepager_unref(pCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
................................................................................
  }else{
    unsigned char *cell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    cell += 2;   /* Skip the offset to the next cell */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      cell += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
    }
    if( !pPage->zeroData ){
      while( (0x80&*(data++))!=0 ){}  /* Skip the data size number */
    }
    getVarint(data, pSize);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read payload information from the entry that the pCur cursor is
** pointing to.  Begin reading the payload at "offset" and read
................................................................................
    aPayload += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
  }
  if( pPage->zeroData ){
    nData = 0;
  }else{
    aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nData);
  }
  aPayload += getVarInt(aPayload, &nKey);
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }
  assert( offset>=0 );
  if( skipKey ){
    offset += nKey;
  }
  if( offset+amt > nKey+nData ){
    sqlite SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal
  if( offset<maxLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>maxLocal ){
      a = maxLocal - offset;
    }
    memcpy(zBuf, &aPayload[offset], a);
    if( a==amt ){
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    offset = 0;
    zBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= maxLocal;
  }
  if( amt>0 ){
    nextPage = get4bytes(&aPayload[maxLocal]);
  }
  ovflSize = pBt->pageSize - 4;
  while( amt>0 && nextPage ){
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, nextPage, (void**)&aPayload);
    if( rc!=0 ){
      return rc;
    }
    nextPage = get4bytes(aPayload);
    if( offset<ovflSize ){
      int a = amt;
      if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
        a = ovflSize - offset;
      }
      memcpy(zBuf, &aPayload[offset], a);
      offset = 0;
      amt -= a;
      zBuf += a;
    }else{
      offset -= ovflSize;
    }
    sqlitepager_unref(aPayload);
  }
  if( amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into zBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, int offset, int amt, void *pBuf){
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( amt>=0 );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell || pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
  aPayload += 2;  /* Skip the next cell index */
  if( pPage->leaf ){
    aPayload += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
  }
  if( !pPage->zeroData ){
    aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nData);
  }
  aPayload += getVarInt(aPayload, &nKey);
  if( pPage->intKey || nKey>pBt->maxLocal ){
    return 0;
  }
  return aPayload;
}


................................................................................
    unsigned char *cell;
    u64 size;
    cell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    cell += 2;   /* Skip the offset to the next cell */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      cell += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
    }
    getVarint(data, size);
    assert( (size & 0x00000000ffffffff)==size );
    *pSize = size;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into zBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
................................................................................
  assert( amt>=0 );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return 0;
  }
  pCell = pPage->apCell[pCur->idx];
  return getPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 1);
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page in the byte order of the disk image.
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pNewPage;
  MemPage *pOldPage;
  unsigned char *aData;
  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  rc = getPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = initPage(pNewPage, pCur->pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pNewPage->idxParent = pCur->idx;
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !isRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlitepager_ref(pParent->aData);
  oldPgno = pPage->pgno;
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  if( pParent->idxShift==0 ){
    pCur->idx = idxParent;
#ifndef NDEBUG  
    /* Verify that pCur->idx is the correct index to point back to the child
    ** page we just came from 
    */
    if( pCur->idx<pParent->nCell ){
      assert( get4Byte(&pParent->aCell[idxParent][2])==oldPgno );
    }else{
      assert( get4Byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6])==oldPgno );
    }
#endif
  }else{
    /* The MemPage.idxShift flag indicates that cell indices might have 
    ** changed since idxParent was set and hence idxParent might be out
    ** of date.  So recompute the parent cell index by scanning all cells
    ** and locating the one that points to the child we just came from.
................................................................................
*/
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  while( !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nPage );
    pgno = get4byte(pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        upr = pCur->idx-1;
      }
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldpg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aCell[lwr][2]);
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      pCur->iMatch = c;
................................................................................
    pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
  pCur->idx++;
  if( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->left ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( isRootPage(pPage) ){
................................................................................
  if( pCur->eSkip==SKIP_PREV ){
    pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 );
  if( !pPage->left ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->idx==0 ){
      if( isRootPage(pPage) ){
................................................................................
  *pRes = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate a new page from the database file.
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlitepager_write()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlitepager_unref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlitepager_unref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then a (feeble) effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
*/
static int allocatePage(Btree *pBt, MemPage **ppPage, Pgno *pPgno, Pgno nearby){
  u32 pn;
  MemPage *pPage1;
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  int n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  int k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */

  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage1->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(pTrunk->aData);
    if( rc ){
      releasePage(pTrunk);
      return rc;
    }
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k==0 ){
      /* The trunk has no leaves.  So extract the trunk page itself and
      ** use it as the newly allocated page */
      *pPgno = get4byte(pPage1->aData[32]);
      memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
      *ppPage = pTrunk;
    }else{
      /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
      int closest;
      unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
      if( nearby>0 ){
................................................................................
          if( d2<0 ) d2 = -d2;
          if( d2<dist ) closest = i;
        }
      }else{
        closest = 0;
      }
      put4byte(&aData[4], n-1);
      *pPgno = get4data(&aData[8+closest*4]);
      memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+closest*n], 4);
      rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage);
      releasePage(pTrunk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlitepager_dont_rollback(*ppPage);
        rc = sqlitepager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    *pPgno = sqlitepager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) + 1;
    rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlitepager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
** sqlitepager_unref() is NOT called for pPage.
*/
static int freePage(MemPage *pPage){
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on page1 */
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage1->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
  }else{
    /* Other free pages already exist.  Retrive the first trunk page
    ** of the freelist and find out how many leaves it has. */
    MemPage *pTrunk
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k==pBt->pageSize/4 - 8 ){
      /* The trunk is full.  Turn the page being freed into a new
      ** trunk page with no leaves. */
      rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(pPage->aData, pTrunk->pgno);
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[4], 0);
      put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
    }else{
      /* Add the newly freed page as a leaf on the current trunk */
      rc = sqlitepager_write(pTrunk->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], k+1);
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+k*4], pPage->pgno);
      sqlitepager_dont_write(pBt->pPager, pPage->pgno);
    }
    releasePage(pTrunk);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.
*/
static int clearCell(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int rc, n;
  u64 nData, nKey;
  Pgno ovflPgno;

  parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &n);

  nPayload = nData;
  if( !pPage->intKey ){
    nPayload += nKey;
  }
  if( nPayload<=pBt->maxLocal ){
    return;  /* There are no overflow pages.  Return without doing anything */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[n+pBt->maxLocal]);
  while( ovflPgno!=0 ){
    MemPage *pOvfl;
    rc = getPage(pBt, ovflPgno, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    ovflPgno = get4byte(pOvfl->aData);
    rc = freePage(pBt, pOvfl, ovfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl->aData);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create the byte sequence used to represent a cell on page pPage
** and write that byte sequence into pCell[].  Overflow pages are
................................................................................
  unsigned char *pCell,          /* Complete text of the cell */
  const void *pKey, u64 nKey,    /* The key */
  const void *pData,int nData,   /* The data */
  int *pnSize                    /* Write cell size here */
){
  int nPayload;
  const void *pSrc;
  int nSrc, nSrc2;
  int spaceLeft;
  MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
  unsigned char *pPrior;
  unsigned char *pPayload;
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  Pgno pgnoOvfl = 0;
  int nHeader;
................................................................................
*/
static void reparentPage(Btree *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage *pNewParent, int idx){
  MemPage *pThis;
  unsigned char *aData;

  if( pgno==0 ) return;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  aData = sqlitepager_lookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  pThis = (MemPage)&aData[pBt->pageSize];
  if( pThis && pThis->isInit ){
    if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
      if( pThis->pParent ) sqlitepager_unref(pThis->pParent->aData);
      pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
      if( pNewParent ) sqlitepager_ref(pNewParent->aData);
    }
    pThis->idxParent = idx;
    sqlitepager_unref(aData);
  }
}

/*
** Change the pParent pointer of all children of pPage to point back
** to pPage.
**
................................................................................
** This routine gets called after you memcpy() one page into
** another.
*/
static void reparentChildPages(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;
  Btree *pBt;

  if( pPage->left ) return;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aCell[i][2]), pPage, i);
  }
  reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]), pPage, i);
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
}
................................................................................
** The cell content is not freed or deallocated.  It is assumed that
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
** removes the reference to the cell from pPage.
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
**
** Do not bother maintaining the integrity of the linked list of Cells.
** Only the pPage->apCell[] array is important.  The relinkCellList() 
** routine will be called soon after this routine in order to rebuild 
** the linked list.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz){
  int j;
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, pPage->aCell[idx]) );
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->aCell[idx]>=pPage->aData );
  assert( pPage->aCell[idx]<&pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize-sz] );
  freeSpace(pPage, idx, sz);
  for(j=idx; j<pPage->nCell-1; j++){
    pPage->aCell[j] = pPage->aCell[j+1];
  }
  pPage->nCell--;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
**
** If the cell content will fit on the page, then put it there.  If it
** will not fit, then just make pPage->apCell[i] point to the content
** and set pPage->isOverfull.  
**
** Do not bother maintaining the integrity of the linked list of Cells.
** Only the pPage->apCell[] array is important.  The relinkCellList() 
** routine will be called soon after this routine in order to rebuild 
** the linked list.
*/
static void insertCell(MemPage *pPage, int i, unsigned char *pCell, int sz){
  int idx, j;
  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pBt, pCell) );
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  idx = allocateSpace(pBt, pPage, sz);
  resizeCellArray(pPage, pPage->nCell+1);
  for(j=pPage->nCell; j>i; j--){
    pPage->aCell[j] = pPage->aCell[j-1];
  }
  pPage->nCell++;
  if( idx<=0 ){
    pPage->isOverfull = 1;
................................................................................
** Rebuild the linked list of cells on a page so that the cells
** occur in the order specified by the pPage->aCell[] array.  
** Invoke this routine once to repair damage after one or more
** invocations of either insertCell() or dropCell().
*/
static void relinkCellList(MemPage *pPage){
  int i, idxFrom;
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  idxFrom = pPage->hdrOffset+3;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    int idx = Addr(pPage->aCell[i]) - Addr(pPage);
    assert( idx>pPage->hdrOffset && idx<pPage->pBt->pageSize );
    put2byte(&pPage->aData[idxFrom], idx);
    idxFrom = idx;
  }
................................................................................
** If this routine fails for any reason, it might leave the database
** in a corrupted state.  So if this routine fails, the database should
** be rolled back.
*/
static int balance(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pParent;            /* The parent of pPage */
  Btree *pBt;                  /* The whole database */
  int nCell;                   /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int nNew;                    /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nDiv;                    /* Number of cells in apDiv[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int idx;                     /* Index of pPage in pParent->apCell[] */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->apCell[] */
  int rc;                      /* The return code */
  int iCur;                    /* apCell[iCur] is the cell of the cursor */
  int leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  MemPage *pOldCurPage;        /* The cursor originally points to this page */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  Pgno pgnoOld[NB];            /* Page numbers for each page in apOld[] */
  MemPage *apCopy[NB];         /* Private copies of apOld[] pages */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+1];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  Pgno pgnoNew[NB+1];          /* Page numbers for each page in apNew[] */
  int idxDiv[NB];              /* Indices of divider cells in pParent */
  u8 *apDiv[NB];               /* Divider cells in pParent */
  u8 aTemp[NB][MX_CELL_SIZE];  /* Temporary holding area for apDiv[] */
  int cntNew[NB+1];            /* Index in apCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+1];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 *apCell[(MX_CELL+2)*NB];  /* All cells from pages being balanced */
  int szCell[(MX_CELL+2)*NB];  /* Local size of all cells */
  u8 aCopy[NB][MX_PAGE_SIZE+sizeof(MemPage)];  /* Space for apCopy[] */

  /* 
  ** Return without doing any work if pPage is neither overfull nor
  ** underfull.
  */
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( !pPage->isOverfull && pPage->nFree<pBt->pageSize/2 && pPage->nCell>=2){
    relinkCellList(pPage);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /*
................................................................................
        ** its child (due to the 100 byte header that occurs at the beginning
        ** of the database fle), so it might not be able to hold all of the 
        ** information currently contained in the child.  If this is the 
        ** case, then do not do the transfer.  Leave page 1 empty except
        ** for the right-pointer to the child page.  The child page becomes
        ** the virtual root of the tree.
        */
        pgnoChild = get4byte(pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]);
        assert( pgnoChild>0 && pgnoChild<=sqlit3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) );
        rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
          rc = initPage(pChild, pPage);
          if( rc ) return rc;
          if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
            /* The child information will fit on the root page, so do the
................................................................................
          pPage->pParent = 0;
          rc = initPage(pPage, 0);
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
          freePage(pChild);
        }
        reparentChildPages(pPage);
        releasePage(pChild);
      }else{
        relinkCellList(pPage);
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( !pPage->isOverfull ){
      /* It is OK for the root page to be less than half full.
      */
      relinkCellList(pBt, pPage);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    /*
    ** If we get to here, it means the root page is overfull.
    ** When this happens, Create a new child page and copy the
    ** contents of the root into the child.  Then make the root
    ** page an empty page with rightChild pointing to the new
    ** child.  Then fall thru to the code below which will cause
    ** the overfull child page to be split.
    */
    rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pChild->aData) );
    copyPage(pChild, pPage);
    pChild->pParent = pPage;
    pChild->idxParent = 0;
    sqlitepager_ref(pPage->aData);
    pChild->isOverfull = 1;
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset] & ~PTF_LEAF);
    put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6], pChild->pgno);
    pParent = pPage;
    pPage = pChild;
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pParent->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( pParent->isInit );
  
  /*
  ** Find the cell in the parent page whose left child points back
  ** to pPage.  The "idx" variable is the index of that cell.  If pPage
  ** is the rightmost child of pParent then set idx to pParent->nCell 
  */
  if( pParent->idxShift ){
    Pgno pgno, swabPgno;
    pgno = pPage->pgno;
    assert( pgno==sqlitepager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
    for(idx=0; idx<pParent->nCell; idx++){
      if( get4byte(pParent->aCell[idx][2])==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6])==pgno );
  }else{
    idx = pPage->idxParent;
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlitepager_ref(pParent->aData);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
  }
  nDiv = 0;
  for(i=0, k=nxDiv; i<NB; i++, k++){
    if( k<pParent->nCell ){
      idxDiv[i] = k;
      apDiv[i] = pParent->aCell[k];
      nDiv++;
      assert( !pParent->left );
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&apDev[i][2]);
    }else if( k==pParent->nCell ){
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6]);
    }else{
      break;
    }
    rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoOld[i], &apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pageFlags = pPage->aData[0];
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    if( i<nOld ){
      apNew[i] = apOld[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoOld[i];
      apOld[i] = 0;
      sqlitepager_write(apNew[i]);
    }else{
      rc = allocatePage(pBt, &apNew[i], &pgnoNew[i], pgnoNew[i-1]);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nNew++;
    zeroPage(apNew[i], pageFlags);
    apNew[i]->isInit = 1;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  while( i<nOld ){
    rc = freePage(apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    sqlitepager_unref(apOld[i]->aData);
    apOld[i] = 0;
    i++;
  }

  /*
  ** Put the new pages in accending order.  This helps to
  ** keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
................................................................................
  j = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    assert( pNew->pgno==pgnoNew[i] );
    resizeCellArray(pNew, cntNew[i] - j);
    while( j<cntNew[i] ){
      assert( pNew->nFree>=szCell[j] );
      insertCell(pBt, pNew, pNew->nCell, apCell[j], szCell[j]);
      j++;
    }
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 );
    assert( !pNew->isOverfull );
    relinkCellList(pNew);
    if( i<nNew-1 && j<nCell ){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[j];
................................................................................
  }
  if( nxDiv==pParent->nCell ){
    /* Right-most sibling is the right-most child of pParent */
    put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }else{
    /* Right-most sibling is the left child of the first entry in pParent
    ** past the right-most divider entry */
    put4byte(&pParent->apCell[nxDiv][2], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }

  /*
  ** Reparent children of all cells.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    reparentChildPages(apNew[i]);
................................................................................
*/
static int checkReadLocks(BtCursor *pCur){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( pCur->wrFlag );
  for(p=pCur->pShared; p!=pCur; p=p->pShared){
    assert( p );
    assert( p->pgnoRoot==pCur->pgnoRoot );
    assert( p->pPage->pgno==sqlitepager_pagenumber(p->pPage->aData);
    if( p->wrFlag==0 ) return SQLITE_LOCKED;
    if( p->pPage->pgno!=p->pgnoRoot ){
      moveToRoot(p);
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  const void *pData, int nData   /* The data of the new record */
){
  int rc;
  int loc;
  int szNew;
  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  unsigned char newCell[MX_CELL_SIZE], *oldCell;

  if( pCur->pPage==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;  /* A rollback destroyed this cursor */
  }
  if( !pBt->inTrans || nKey+nData==0 ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing an insert */
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, &loc);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, &newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, &szNew);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( szNew==cellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  if( loc==0 ){
    int szOld
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nPage );
    oldCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(&newCell[2], &oldCell[2], 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSize(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, szOld);
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    pCur->idx++;
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, &newCell, szNew);
  rc = balance(pPage);
  /* sqlite3BtreePageDump(pCur->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, 1); */
  /* fflush(stdout); */
  moveToRoot(pCur);
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_INVALID;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  }
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Did not open this cursor for writing */
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pCell[2]);
  }
  clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
................................................................................
    int notUsed;
    getTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ) rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlitepager_write(leafCur.pPage->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSize(pPage, pCell));
    pNext = leafCur.pPage->aCell[leafCur.idx];
    szNext = cellSize(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
    insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, &pNext[-4], szNext+4);
    put4byte(&pNext[-2], pgnoChild);
    rc = balance(pPage);
................................................................................
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pBt->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlitepager_iswriteable(pRoot->aData) );
  zeroPage(pBt, pRoot);
  sqlitepager_unref(pRoot->aData);
  *piTable = (int)pgnoRoot;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Erase the given database page and all its children.  Return
** the page to the freelist.
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;

  rc = getPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = initPage(pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = pPage->aCell[i];
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pCell[2]), 1);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( !pPage->left ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[6]), 1);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( freePageFlag ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else{
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[0]);
  }
................................................................................
  }
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    if( pCur->pgnoRoot==(Pgno)iTable ){
      if( pCur->wrFlag==0 ) return SQLITE_LOCKED;
      moveToRoot(pCur);
    }
  }
  rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, 0);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pBt);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    if( pCur->pgnoRoot==(Pgno)iTable ){
      return SQLITE_LOCKED;  /* Cannot drop a table that has a cursor */
    }
  }
  rc = getPage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(pBt, iTable);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( iTable>1 ){
    rc = freePage(pBt, pPage, iTable);
  }else{
    zeroPage(pBt, pPage);
  }
  releasePage(pPage);
  return rc;  
}


/*
** Read the meta-information out of a database file.  Meta[0]
** is the number of free pages currently in the database.  Meta[1]
** through meta[15] are available for use by higher layers.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBt, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  int rc;
  int i;
  unsigned char *pP1;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );
  rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, 1, (void**)&pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  *pMeta = get4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4]);
  sqlitepager_unref(pP1);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write meta-information back into the database.  Meta[0] is
** read-only and may not be written.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree *pBt, int idx, u32 iMeta){
  unsigned char *pP1;
  int rc, i;
  assert( idx>=1 && idx<=15 );
  if( !pBt->inTrans ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, 1, (void**)&pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  put4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4], iMeta);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/******************************************************************************
** The complete implementation of the BTree subsystem is above this line.
................................................................................
  int hdrOffset;
  char range[20];
  unsigned char payload[20];
  rc = getPage(pBt, (Pgno)pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  printf("PAGE %d:  flags=0x%02x  frag=%d\n", pgno, pPage->aData[0],
    pPage->aData[5]);
  i = 0;
  hdrOffset = pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+3]);
  while( idx>0 && idx<=pBt->pageSize ){
    u64 nData, nKey;
    int nHeader;
    Pgno child;
................................................................................
    sprintf(range,"%d..%d", idx, idx+sz-1);
    parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &nHeader);
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      child = 0;
    }else{
      child = get4byte(&pCell[2]);
    }
    sz = NKEY(pBt, pCell->h) + NDATA(pBt, pCell->h);

    if( sz>sizeof(payload)-1 ) sz = sizeof(payload)-1;
    memcpy(payload, pCell->aPayload, sz);
    for(j=0; j<sz; j++){
      if( payload[j]<0x20 || payload[j]>0x7f ) payload[j] = '.';
    }
    payload[sz] = 0;
    printf(
      "cell %2d: i=%-10s chld=%-4d nk=%-4d nd=%-4d payload=%s\n",
      i, range, child, (int)nKey, (int)nData, payload
    );
    if( pPage->isInit && pPage->aCell[i]!=pCell ){
      printf("**** aCell[%d] does not match on prior entry ****\n", i);
    }
    i++;
    idx = get2byte(pCell);
  }
................................................................................
       i, range, sz, nFree);
    idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[idx]);
    i++;
  }
  if( idx!=0 ){
    printf("ERROR: next freeblock index out of range: %d\n", idx);
  }
  if( recursive && !pPage->left ){
    idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+3]);
    while( idx>0 && idx<SQLITE_USABLE_SIZE-MIN_CELL_SIZE ){
      unsigned char *pCell = &pPage->aData[idx];
      fileBtreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[idx+2]), 1);
      idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[idx]);
    }
    fileBtreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+6]), 1);
  }
  sqlitepager_unref(pPage->aData);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif











#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Fill aResult[] with information about the entry and page that the
** cursor is pointing to.
** 
**   aResult[0] =  The page number
................................................................................
**   aResult[4] =  Number of free bytes on this page
**   aResult[5] =  Number of free blocks on the page
**   aResult[6] =  Page number of the left child of this entry
**   aResult[7] =  Page number of the right child for the whole page
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging only.
*/
static int fileBtreeCursorDump(BtCursor *pCur, int *aResult){
  int cnt, idx;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  aResult[0] = sqlitepager_pagenumber(pPage->aData);
  assert( aResult[0]==pPage->pgno );
  aResult[1] = pCur->idx;
  aResult[2] = pPage->nCell;
  if( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell ){
    aResult[3] = cellSize(pPage, pPage->aCell[pCur->idx]);
    aResult[6] = pPage->leaf ? 0 : get4byte(&pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
  }else{
................................................................................
    unsigned char *pOvfl;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      sprintf(zMsg, "%d pages missing from overflow list", N+1);
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, zMsg);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zContext) ) break;
    if( sqlitepager_get(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, (void**)&pOvfl) ){
      sprintf(zMsg, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, zMsg);
      break;
    }
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvfl[4]);
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        checkRef(pCheck, get4byte(&pOvfl[8+i*4]), zContext);
      }
      N -= n;
    }
    iPage = get4byte(pOvfl);
    sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl);
  }
}

/*
** Return negative if zKey1<zKey2.
** Return zero if zKey1==zKey2.
** Return positive if zKey1>zKey2.
................................................................................
    zKey1[nLower] = 0;
  }else{
    zKey1 = 0;
  }
  nKey1 = nLower;
  cur.pPage = pPage;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    Cell *pCell = pPage->apCell[i];
    int sz;

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    nKey2 = NKEY(pBt, pCell->h);
    sz = nKey2 + NDATA(pBt, pCell->h);
    sprintf(zContext, "On page %d cell %d: ", iPage, i);
................................................................................
** is responsible for freeing the error message when it is done.
*/
char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree *pBt, int *aRoot, int nRoot){
  int i;
  int nRef;
  IntegrityCk sCheck;

  nRef = *sqlitepager_stats(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtree(pBt)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return sqliteStrDup("Unable to acquire a read lock on the database");
  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = sqlitepager_pagecount(sCheck.pPager);
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    return 0;
  }
  sCheck.anRef = sqliteMallocRaw( (sCheck.nPage+1)*sizeof(sCheck.anRef[0]) );
  sCheck.anRef[1] = 1;
  for(i=2; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  sCheck.zErrMsg = 0;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, SWAB32(pBt, pBt->page1->freeList),
            SWAB32(pBt, pBt->page1->nFree), "Main freelist: ");

  /* Check all the tables.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nRoot; i++){
    if( aRoot[i]==0 ) continue;
    checkTreePage(&sCheck, aRoot[i], 0, "List of tree roots: ", 0,0,0,0);
  }
................................................................................
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, zBuf, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages
  */
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  if( nRef != *sqlitepager_stats(pBt->pPager) ){
    char zBuf[100];
    sprintf(zBuf, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, *sqlitepager_stats(pBt->pPager)
    );
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, zBuf, 0);
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
  sqliteFree(sCheck.anRef);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the underlying database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *pBt){
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlitepager_filename(pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Copy the complete content of pBtFrom into pBtTo.  A transaction
** must be active for both files.
**
** The size of file pBtFrom may be reduced by this operation.
................................................................................
** If anything goes wrong, the transaction on pBtFrom is rolled back.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *pBtTo, Btree *pBtFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Pgno i, nPage, nToPage;

  if( !pBtTo->inTrans || !pBtFrom->inTrans ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  if( pBtTo->needSwab!=pBtFrom->needSwab ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  if( pBtTo->pCursor ) return SQLITE_BUSY;
  memcpy(pBtTo->page1, pBtFrom->page1, SQLITE_USABLE_SIZE);

  rc = sqlitepager_overwrite(pBtTo->pPager, 1, pBtFrom->page1);
  nToPage = sqlitepager_pagecount(pBtTo->pPager);
  nPage = sqlitepager_pagecount(pBtFrom->pPager);
  for(i=2; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBtFrom->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlitepager_overwrite(pBtTo->pPager, i, pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    sqlitepager_unref(pPage);
  }
  for(i=nPage+1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nToPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage);
    sqlitepager_unref(pPage);
    sqlitepager_dont_write(pBtTo->pPager, i);
  }
  if( !rc && nPage<nToPage ){
    rc = sqlitepager_truncate(pBtTo->pPager, nPage);
  }
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pBtTo);
  }
  return rc;  
}







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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.110 2004/05/07 13:30:42 drh Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  int maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload */
};
typedef Btree Bt;

/*
** A cursor is a pointer to a particular entry in the BTree.
** The entry is identified by its MemPage and the index in
** MemPage.aCell[] of the entry.
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBt;               /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  BtCursor *pShared;        /* Loop of cursors with the same root page */
  int (*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*); /* Key comp func */
  void *pArg;               /* First arg to xCompare() */
................................................................................
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs on the main
** database page.  The number returned includes the Cell header,
** local payload storage, and the pointer to overflow pages (if
** applicable).  Additional space allocated on overflow pages
** is NOT included in the value returned from this routine.
*/
static int cellSize(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){

  int n;
  u64 nData, nKey;
  int nPayload, maxPayload;

  parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &n);
  nPayload = (int)nData;
  if( !pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
static void defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int pc, i, n, addr;
  int start, hdr, size;
  int leftover;
  unsigned char *oldPage;
  unsigned char newPage[MX_PAGE_SIZE];

  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->pageSize <= MX_PAGE_SIZE );
  oldPage = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  addr = 3+hdr;
  n = 6+hdr;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    n += 4;
  }
................................................................................
  int size;
  unsigned char *data;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int cnt = 0;
#endif

  data = pPage->aData;
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  if( nByte<4 ) nByte = 4;
  if( pPage->nFree<nByte || pPage->isOverfull ) return 0;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  if( data[hdr+5]>=60 ){
    defragmentPage(pPage);
  }
  addr = hdr+1;
  pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
  assert( addr<pc );
  assert( pc<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
  while( (size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]))<nByte ){
    addr = pc;
    pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
    assert( pc<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
    assert( pc>=addr+size+4 || pc==0 );
    if( pc==0 ){
      assert( (cnt++)==0 );
      defragmentPage(pPage);
      assert( data[hdr+5]==0 );
      addr = pPage->hdrOffset+1;
      pc = get2byte(&data[addr]);
    }
  }
  assert( pc>0 && size>=nByte );
  assert( pc+size<=pPage->pBt->pageSize );
  if( size>nByte+4 ){
    put2byte(&data[addr], pc+nByte);
    put2byte(&data[pc+size], get2byte(&data[pc]));
    put2byte(&data[pc+size+2], size-nByte);
  }else{
    put2byte(&data[addr], get2byte(&data[pc]));
    data[hdr+5] += size-nByte;
................................................................................
** and the size of the block is "size" bytes.
**
** Most of the effort here is involved in coalesing adjacent
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static void freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int end = start + size;  /* End of the segment being freed */
  int addr, pbegin;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int tsize = 0;          /* Total size of all freeblocks */
#endif
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+(pPage->leaf?0:4) );
  assert( end<=pPage->pBt->pageSize );
  if( size<4 ) size = 4;

  /* Add the space back into the linked list of freeblocks */
  addr = pPage->hdrOffset + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))<start && pbegin>0 ){
    assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
    assert( pbegin>addr );
    addr = pbegin;
  }
  assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->pageSize-4 );
  assert( pbegin>addr || pbegin==0 );
  put2byte(&data[addr], start);
  put2byte(&data[start], pbegin);
  put2byte(&data[start+2], size);
  pPage->nFree += size;

  /* Coalesce adjacent free blocks */
  addr = pPage->hdrOffset + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0 ){
    int pnext, psize;
    assert( pbegin>addr );
................................................................................
/*
** Resize the aCell[] array of the given page so that it is able to
** hold at least nNewSz entries.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
static int resizeCellArray(MemPage *pPage, int nNewSz){
  if( pPage->nCellAlloc<nNewSz ){
    pPage->aCell = sqliteRealloc(pPage->aCell, nNewSz*sizeof(pPage->aCell[0]) );
    if( sqlite_malloc_failed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    pPage->nCellAlloc = nNewSz;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**
................................................................................
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
static int initPage(
  MemPage *pPage,        /* The page to be initialized */
  MemPage *pParent       /* The parent.  Might be NULL */
){
  int c, pc, i, hdr;
  unsigned char *data;
  int pageSize;
  int sumCell = 0;       /* Total size of all cells */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pPage->pBt );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->aData == &((unsigned char*)pPage)[pPage->pBt->pageSize] );
  assert( pPage->isInit==0 || pPage->pParent==pParent );
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  pPage->pParent = pParent;
  if( pParent ){
    sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);
  }
  pPage->nCell = pPage->nCellAlloc = 0;
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  data = pPage->aData;
  c = data[hdr];
  pPage->intKey = (c & PTF_INTKEY)!=0;
  pPage->zeroData = (c & PTF_ZERODATA)!=0;
  pPage->leaf = (c & PTF_LEAF)!=0;
  pageSize = pPage->pBt->pageSize;

  /* Initialize the cell count and cell pointers */
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
  while( pc>0 ){
    if( pc>=pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    if( pPage->nCell>pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    pPage->nCell++;
    pc = get2byte(&data[pc]);
  }
  if( resizeCellArray(pPage, pPage->nCell) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compute the total free space on the page */
  pPage->nFree = data[hdr+5];
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
  while( pc>0 ){
    int next, size;
    if( pc>=pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
    size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
    if( next>0 && next<=pc+size+3 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    pPage->nFree += size;
    pc = next;
  }
  if( pPage->nFree>=pageSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;

  /* Sanity check:  Cells and freespace and header must sum to the size
  ** a page. */
  if( sumCell+pPage->nFree+hdr+10-pPage->leaf*4 != pageSize ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
................................................................................
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  int first;

  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->pageSize - hdr);
  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 6 + 4*((flags&0x01)!=0);
  put2byte(&data[hdr+1], first);
  put2byte(&data[first+2], pBt->pageSize - first);
  sqliteFree(pPage->aCell);
  pPage->aCell = 0;
................................................................................
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
*/
static int getPage(Btree *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage **ppPage){
  int rc;
  unsigned char *aData;
  MemPage *pPage;
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, pgno, (void**)&aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = (MemPage*)&aData[pBt->pageSize];
  pPage->aData = aData;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  *ppPage = pPage;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
** call to getPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( &pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize]==(unsigned char*)pPage );
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(void *pData){
  MemPage *pPage = (MemPage*)&((char*)pData)[SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE];
  if( pPage->pParent ){
    MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
    pPage->pParent = 0;
    releasePage(pParent);
  }
  sqliteFree(pPage->aCell);
  pPage->aCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file containing the BTree database */
  Btree **ppBtree,        /* Pointer to new Btree object written here */
  int nCache,             /* Number of cache pages */
  int flags               /* Options */
){
  Btree *pBt;
  int rc;



  /*
  ** The following asserts make sure that structures used by the btree are
  ** the right size.  This is to guard against size changes that result
  ** when compiling on a different architecture.
  */
  assert( sizeof(u64)==8 );
................................................................................

  pBt = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pBt) );
  if( pBt==0 ){
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( nCache<10 ) nCache = 10;
  rc = sqlite3pager_open(&pBt->pPager, zFilename, nCache, EXTRA_SIZE,
                        (flags & BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL)==0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt->pPager ) sqlite3pager_close(pBt->pPager);
    sqliteFree(pBt);
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return rc;
  }
  sqlite3pager_set_destructor(pBt->pPager, pageDestructor);
  pBt->pCursor = 0;
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  pBt->readOnly = sqlite3pager_isreadonly(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->pageSize = SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE;  /* FIX ME - read from header */
  pBt->maxLocal = (pBt->pageSize-10)/4-12;
  *ppBtree = pBt;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close an open database and invalidate all cursors.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree *pBt){
  while( pBt->pCursor ){
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pBt->pCursor);
  }
  sqlite3pager_close(pBt->pPager);
  sqliteFree(pBt);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the limit on the number of pages allowed in the cache.
**
................................................................................
** crashes.  But if the operating system crashes or there is
** an abrupt power failure when synchronous is off, the database
** could be left in an inconsistent and unrecoverable state.
** Synchronous is on by default so database corruption is not
** normally a worry.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree *pBt, int mxPage){
  sqlite3pager_set_cachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree *pBt, int level){
  sqlite3pager_set_safety_level(pBt->pPager, level);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Get a reference to pPage1 of the database file.  This will
** also acquire a readlock on that file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
** SQLITE_BUSY is returned if the database is locked.  SQLITE_NOMEM
** is returned if we run out of memory.  SQLITE_PROTOCOL is returned
** if there is a locking protocol violation.
*/
static int lockBtree(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage1;
  if( pBt->pPage1 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = getPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ){
    if( memcmp(pPage1->aData, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    /*** TBD:  Other header checks such as page size ****/
  }
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
................................................................................
** Create a new database by initializing the first page of the
** file.
*/
static int newDatabase(Btree *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;
  if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>1 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(data);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE);
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  put2byte(&data[22], (SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-10)/4-12);
................................................................................
  if( pBt->readOnly ) return SQLITE_READONLY;
  if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
    rc = lockBtree(pBt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3pager_begin(pBt->pPage1->aData);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = newDatabase(pBt);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pBt->inTrans = 1;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }else{
................................................................................
** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3pager_commit(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inTrans = 0;
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur;
  if( pBt->inTrans==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pBt->inTrans = 0;
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3pager_rollback(pBt->pPager);
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    if( pPage && !pPage->isInit ){
      releasePage(pPage);
      pCur->pPage = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** to start a new checkpoint if another checkpoint is already active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  if( !pBt->inTrans || pBt->inStmt ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inStmt = 1;
  return rc;
}


/*
** Commit a checkpoint to transaction currently in progress.  If no
** checkpoint is active, this is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(pBt->pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** to use a cursor that was open at the beginning of this operation
** will result in an error.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollbackStmt(Btree *pBt){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur;
  if( pBt->inStmt==0 || pBt->readOnly ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_rollback(pBt->pPager);
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    if( pPage && !pPage->isInit ){
      releasePage(pPage);
      pCur->pPage = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
static void getTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3pager_ref(pTempCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
static void releaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3pager_unref(pCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
................................................................................
  }else{
    unsigned char *cell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    cell += 2;   /* Skip the offset to the next cell */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      cell += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
    }
    if( !pPage->zeroData ){
      while( (0x80&*(cell++))!=0 ){}  /* Skip the data size number */
    }
    getVarint(cell, pSize);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read payload information from the entry that the pCur cursor is
** pointing to.  Begin reading the payload at "offset" and read
................................................................................
    aPayload += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
  }
  if( pPage->zeroData ){
    nData = 0;
  }else{
    aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nData);
  }
  aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nKey);
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }
  assert( offset>=0 );
  if( skipKey ){
    offset += nKey;
  }
  if( offset+amt > nKey+nData ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
  if( offset<maxLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>maxLocal ){
      a = maxLocal - offset;
    }
    memcpy(pBuf, &aPayload[offset], a);
    if( a==amt ){
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= maxLocal;
  }
  if( amt>0 ){
    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[maxLocal]);
  }
  ovflSize = pBt->pageSize - 4;
  while( amt>0 && nextPage ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, nextPage, (void**)&aPayload);
    if( rc!=0 ){
      return rc;
    }
    nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
    if( offset<ovflSize ){
      int a = amt;
      if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
        a = ovflSize - offset;
      }
      memcpy(pBuf, &aPayload[offset], a);
      offset = 0;
      amt -= a;
      pBuf += a;
    }else{
      offset -= ovflSize;
    }
    sqlite3pager_unref(aPayload);
  }
  if( amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( amt>=0 );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell || pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
  aPayload += 2;  /* Skip the next cell index */
  if( pPage->leaf ){
    aPayload += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
  }
  if( !pPage->zeroData ){
    aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nData);
  }
  aPayload += getVarint(aPayload, &nKey);
  if( pPage->intKey || nKey>pBt->maxLocal ){
    return 0;
  }
  return aPayload;
}


................................................................................
    unsigned char *cell;
    u64 size;
    cell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    cell += 2;   /* Skip the offset to the next cell */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      cell += 4;  /* Skip the child pointer */
    }
    getVarint(cell, &size);
    assert( (size & 0x00000000ffffffff)==size );
    *pSize = (u32)size;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
................................................................................
  assert( amt>=0 );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return 0;
  }

  return getPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 1);
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page in the byte order of the disk image.
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pNewPage;
  MemPage *pOldPage;

  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  rc = getPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = initPage(pNewPage, pCur->pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pNewPage->idxParent = pCur->idx;
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !isRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);
  oldPgno = pPage->pgno;
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  if( pParent->idxShift==0 ){
    pCur->idx = idxParent;
#ifndef NDEBUG  
    /* Verify that pCur->idx is the correct index to point back to the child
    ** page we just came from 
    */
    if( pCur->idx<pParent->nCell ){
      assert( get4byte(&pParent->aCell[idxParent][2])==oldPgno );
    }else{
      assert( get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6])==oldPgno );
    }
#endif
  }else{
    /* The MemPage.idxShift flag indicates that cell indices might have 
    ** changed since idxParent was set and hence idxParent might be out
    ** of date.  So recompute the parent cell index by scanning all cells
    ** and locating the one that points to the child we just came from.
................................................................................
*/
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  while( !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        upr = pCur->idx-1;
      }
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aCell[lwr][2]);
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      pCur->iMatch = c;
................................................................................
    pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
  pCur->idx++;
  if( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]));
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( isRootPage(pPage) ){
................................................................................
  if( pCur->eSkip==SKIP_PREV ){
    pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_NONE;
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->idx==0 ){
      if( isRootPage(pPage) ){
................................................................................
  *pRes = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate a new page from the database file.
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlite3pager_write()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3pager_unref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3pager_unref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then a (feeble) effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
*/
static int allocatePage(Btree *pBt, MemPage **ppPage, Pgno *pPgno, Pgno nearby){

  MemPage *pPage1;

  int rc;
  int n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  int k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */

  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage1->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pTrunk->aData);
    if( rc ){
      releasePage(pTrunk);
      return rc;
    }
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k==0 ){
      /* The trunk has no leaves.  So extract the trunk page itself and
      ** use it as the newly allocated page */
      *pPgno = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
      *ppPage = pTrunk;
    }else{
      /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
      int closest;
      unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
      if( nearby>0 ){
................................................................................
          if( d2<0 ) d2 = -d2;
          if( d2<dist ) closest = i;
        }
      }else{
        closest = 0;
      }
      put4byte(&aData[4], n-1);
      *pPgno = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
      memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+closest*n], 4);
      rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage);
      releasePage(pTrunk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3pager_dont_rollback(*ppPage);
        rc = sqlite3pager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    *pPgno = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) + 1;
    rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
** sqlite3pager_unref() is NOT called for pPage.
*/
static int freePage(MemPage *pPage){
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage1->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
  }else{
    /* Other free pages already exist.  Retrive the first trunk page
    ** of the freelist and find out how many leaves it has. */
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k==pBt->pageSize/4 - 8 ){
      /* The trunk is full.  Turn the page being freed into a new
      ** trunk page with no leaves. */
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(pPage->aData, pTrunk->pgno);
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[4], 0);
      put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
    }else{
      /* Add the newly freed page as a leaf on the current trunk */
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pTrunk->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], k+1);
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+k*4], pPage->pgno);
      sqlite3pager_dont_write(pBt->pPager, pPage->pgno);
    }
    releasePage(pTrunk);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.
*/
static int clearCell(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int rc, n, nPayload;
  u64 nData, nKey;
  Pgno ovflPgno;

  parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &n);
  assert( (nData&0x000000007fffffff)==nData );
  nPayload = (int)nData;
  if( !pPage->intKey ){
    nPayload += nKey;
  }
  if( nPayload<=pBt->maxLocal ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[n+pBt->maxLocal]);
  while( ovflPgno!=0 ){
    MemPage *pOvfl;
    rc = getPage(pBt, ovflPgno, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    ovflPgno = get4byte(pOvfl->aData);
    rc = freePage(pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    sqlite3pager_unref(pOvfl->aData);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create the byte sequence used to represent a cell on page pPage
** and write that byte sequence into pCell[].  Overflow pages are
................................................................................
  unsigned char *pCell,          /* Complete text of the cell */
  const void *pKey, u64 nKey,    /* The key */
  const void *pData,int nData,   /* The data */
  int *pnSize                    /* Write cell size here */
){
  int nPayload;
  const void *pSrc;
  int nSrc, n, rc;
  int spaceLeft;
  MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
  unsigned char *pPrior;
  unsigned char *pPayload;
  Btree *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  Pgno pgnoOvfl = 0;
  int nHeader;
................................................................................
*/
static void reparentPage(Btree *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage *pNewParent, int idx){
  MemPage *pThis;
  unsigned char *aData;

  if( pgno==0 ) return;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  aData = sqlite3pager_lookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  pThis = (MemPage*)&aData[pBt->pageSize];
  if( pThis && pThis->isInit ){
    if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
      if( pThis->pParent ) sqlite3pager_unref(pThis->pParent->aData);
      pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
      if( pNewParent ) sqlite3pager_ref(pNewParent->aData);
    }
    pThis->idxParent = idx;
    sqlite3pager_unref(aData);
  }
}

/*
** Change the pParent pointer of all children of pPage to point back
** to pPage.
**
................................................................................
** This routine gets called after you memcpy() one page into
** another.
*/
static void reparentChildPages(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;
  Btree *pBt;

  if( pPage->leaf ) return;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aCell[i][2]), pPage, i);
  }
  reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]), pPage, i);
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
}
................................................................................
** The cell content is not freed or deallocated.  It is assumed that
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
** removes the reference to the cell from pPage.
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
**
** Do not bother maintaining the integrity of the linked list of Cells.
** Only the pPage->aCell[] array is important.  The relinkCellList() 
** routine will be called soon after this routine in order to rebuild 
** the linked list.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz){
  int j;
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, pPage->aCell[idx]) );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->aCell[idx]>=pPage->aData );
  assert( pPage->aCell[idx]<&pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize-sz] );
  freeSpace(pPage, idx, sz);
  for(j=idx; j<pPage->nCell-1; j++){
    pPage->aCell[j] = pPage->aCell[j+1];
  }
  pPage->nCell--;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
**
** If the cell content will fit on the page, then put it there.  If it
** will not fit, then just make pPage->aCell[i] point to the content
** and set pPage->isOverfull.  
**
** Do not bother maintaining the integrity of the linked list of Cells.
** Only the pPage->aCell[] array is important.  The relinkCellList() 
** routine will be called soon after this routine in order to rebuild 
** the linked list.
*/
static void insertCell(MemPage *pPage, int i, unsigned char *pCell, int sz){
  int idx, j;
  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, pCell) );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  idx = allocateSpace(pPage, sz);
  resizeCellArray(pPage, pPage->nCell+1);
  for(j=pPage->nCell; j>i; j--){
    pPage->aCell[j] = pPage->aCell[j-1];
  }
  pPage->nCell++;
  if( idx<=0 ){
    pPage->isOverfull = 1;
................................................................................
** Rebuild the linked list of cells on a page so that the cells
** occur in the order specified by the pPage->aCell[] array.  
** Invoke this routine once to repair damage after one or more
** invocations of either insertCell() or dropCell().
*/
static void relinkCellList(MemPage *pPage){
  int i, idxFrom;
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  idxFrom = pPage->hdrOffset+3;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    int idx = Addr(pPage->aCell[i]) - Addr(pPage);
    assert( idx>pPage->hdrOffset && idx<pPage->pBt->pageSize );
    put2byte(&pPage->aData[idxFrom], idx);
    idxFrom = idx;
  }
................................................................................
** If this routine fails for any reason, it might leave the database
** in a corrupted state.  So if this routine fails, the database should
** be rolled back.
*/
static int balance(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pParent;            /* The parent of pPage */
  Btree *pBt;                  /* The whole database */
  int nCell;                   /* Number of cells in aCell[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int nNew;                    /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nDiv;                    /* Number of cells in apDiv[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int idx;                     /* Index of pPage in pParent->aCell[] */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc;                      /* The return code */

  int leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */

  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  Pgno pgnoOld[NB];            /* Page numbers for each page in apOld[] */
  MemPage *apCopy[NB];         /* Private copies of apOld[] pages */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+1];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  Pgno pgnoNew[NB+1];          /* Page numbers for each page in apNew[] */
  int idxDiv[NB];              /* Indices of divider cells in pParent */
  u8 *apDiv[NB];               /* Divider cells in pParent */
  u8 aTemp[NB][MX_CELL_SIZE];  /* Temporary holding area for apDiv[] */
  int cntNew[NB+1];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+1];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 *apCell[(MX_CELL+2)*NB];  /* All cells from pages being balanced */
  int szCell[(MX_CELL+2)*NB];  /* Local size of all cells */
  u8 aCopy[NB][MX_PAGE_SIZE+sizeof(MemPage)];  /* Space for apCopy[] */

  /* 
  ** Return without doing any work if pPage is neither overfull nor
  ** underfull.
  */
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( !pPage->isOverfull && pPage->nFree<pBt->pageSize/2 && pPage->nCell>=2){
    relinkCellList(pPage);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /*
................................................................................
        ** its child (due to the 100 byte header that occurs at the beginning
        ** of the database fle), so it might not be able to hold all of the 
        ** information currently contained in the child.  If this is the 
        ** case, then do not do the transfer.  Leave page 1 empty except
        ** for the right-pointer to the child page.  The child page becomes
        ** the virtual root of the tree.
        */
        pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6]);
        assert( pgnoChild>0 && pgnoChild<=sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) );
        rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
          rc = initPage(pChild, pPage);
          if( rc ) return rc;
          if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
            /* The child information will fit on the root page, so do the
................................................................................
          pPage->pParent = 0;
          rc = initPage(pPage, 0);
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
          freePage(pChild);
        }
        reparentChildPages(pPage);
        releasePage(pChild);


      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( !pPage->isOverfull ){
      /* It is OK for the root page to be less than half full.
      */
      relinkCellList(pPage);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    /*
    ** If we get to here, it means the root page is overfull.
    ** When this happens, Create a new child page and copy the
    ** contents of the root into the child.  Then make the root
    ** page an empty page with rightChild pointing to the new
    ** child.  Then fall thru to the code below which will cause
    ** the overfull child page to be split.
    */
    rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pChild->aData) );
    copyPage(pChild, pPage);
    pChild->pParent = pPage;
    pChild->idxParent = 0;
    sqlite3pager_ref(pPage->aData);
    pChild->isOverfull = 1;
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset] & ~PTF_LEAF);
    put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+6], pChild->pgno);
    pParent = pPage;
    pPage = pChild;
  }
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pParent->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( pParent->isInit );
  
  /*
  ** Find the cell in the parent page whose left child points back
  ** to pPage.  The "idx" variable is the index of that cell.  If pPage
  ** is the rightmost child of pParent then set idx to pParent->nCell 
  */
  if( pParent->idxShift ){
    Pgno pgno;
    pgno = pPage->pgno;
    assert( pgno==sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
    for(idx=0; idx<pParent->nCell; idx++){
      if( get4byte(&pParent->aCell[idx][2])==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6])==pgno );
  }else{
    idx = pPage->idxParent;
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
  }
  nDiv = 0;
  for(i=0, k=nxDiv; i<NB; i++, k++){
    if( k<pParent->nCell ){
      idxDiv[i] = k;
      apDiv[i] = pParent->aCell[k];
      nDiv++;
      assert( !pParent->leaf );
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&apDiv[i][2]);
    }else if( k==pParent->nCell ){
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6]);
    }else{
      break;
    }
    rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoOld[i], &apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pageFlags = pPage->aData[0];
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    if( i<nOld ){
      apNew[i] = apOld[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoOld[i];
      apOld[i] = 0;
      sqlite3pager_write(apNew[i]);
    }else{
      rc = allocatePage(pBt, &apNew[i], &pgnoNew[i], pgnoNew[i-1]);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nNew++;
    zeroPage(apNew[i], pageFlags);
    apNew[i]->isInit = 1;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  while( i<nOld ){
    rc = freePage(apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    sqlite3pager_unref(apOld[i]->aData);
    apOld[i] = 0;
    i++;
  }

  /*
  ** Put the new pages in accending order.  This helps to
  ** keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
................................................................................
  j = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    assert( pNew->pgno==pgnoNew[i] );
    resizeCellArray(pNew, cntNew[i] - j);
    while( j<cntNew[i] ){
      assert( pNew->nFree>=szCell[j] );
      insertCell(pNew, pNew->nCell, apCell[j], szCell[j]);
      j++;
    }
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 );
    assert( !pNew->isOverfull );
    relinkCellList(pNew);
    if( i<nNew-1 && j<nCell ){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[j];
................................................................................
  }
  if( nxDiv==pParent->nCell ){
    /* Right-most sibling is the right-most child of pParent */
    put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+6], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }else{
    /* Right-most sibling is the left child of the first entry in pParent
    ** past the right-most divider entry */
    put4byte(&pParent->aCell[nxDiv][2], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }

  /*
  ** Reparent children of all cells.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    reparentChildPages(apNew[i]);
................................................................................
*/
static int checkReadLocks(BtCursor *pCur){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( pCur->wrFlag );
  for(p=pCur->pShared; p!=pCur; p=p->pShared){
    assert( p );
    assert( p->pgnoRoot==pCur->pgnoRoot );
    assert( p->pPage->pgno==sqlite3pager_pagenumber(p->pPage->aData) );
    if( p->wrFlag==0 ) return SQLITE_LOCKED;
    if( p->pPage->pgno!=p->pgnoRoot ){
      moveToRoot(p);
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  const void *pData, int nData   /* The data of the new record */
){
  int rc;
  int loc;
  int szNew;
  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;
  unsigned char *oldCell;
  unsigned char newCell[MX_CELL_SIZE];

  if( pCur->pPage==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;  /* A rollback destroyed this cursor */
  }
  if( !pBt->inTrans || nKey+nData==0 ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing an insert */
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, &loc);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, &szNew);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( szNew==cellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  if( loc==0 ){
    int szOld;
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    oldCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(&newCell[2], &oldCell[2], 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSize(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, szOld);
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    pCur->idx++;
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, newCell, szNew);
  rc = balance(pPage);
  /* sqlite3BtreePageDump(pCur->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, 1); */
  /* fflush(stdout); */
  moveToRoot(pCur);
  pCur->eSkip = SKIP_INVALID;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  }
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Did not open this cursor for writing */
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pCell[2]);
  }
  clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
................................................................................
    int notUsed;
    getTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ) rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(leafCur.pPage->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSize(pPage, pCell));
    pNext = leafCur.pPage->aCell[leafCur.idx];
    szNext = cellSize(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
    insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, &pNext[-4], szNext+4);
    put4byte(&pNext[-2], pgnoChild);
    rc = balance(pPage);
................................................................................
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pBt->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pRoot->aData) );
  zeroPage(pRoot, flags);
  sqlite3pager_unref(pRoot->aData);
  *piTable = (int)pgnoRoot;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Erase the given database page and all its children.  Return
** the page to the freelist.
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;

  rc = getPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = initPage(pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = pPage->aCell[i];
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pCell[2]), pPage->pParent, 1);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[6]), pPage->pParent, 1);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( freePageFlag ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else{
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[0]);
  }
................................................................................
  }
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    if( pCur->pgnoRoot==(Pgno)iTable ){
      if( pCur->wrFlag==0 ) return SQLITE_LOCKED;
      moveToRoot(pCur);
    }
  }
  rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, 0, 0);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pBt);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    if( pCur->pgnoRoot==(Pgno)iTable ){
      return SQLITE_LOCKED;  /* Cannot drop a table that has a cursor */
    }
  }
  rc = getPage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, &pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(pBt, iTable);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( iTable>1 ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else{
    zeroPage(pPage, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF );
  }
  releasePage(pPage);
  return rc;  
}


/*
** Read the meta-information out of a database file.  Meta[0]
** is the number of free pages currently in the database.  Meta[1]
** through meta[15] are available for use by higher layers.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBt, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  int rc;

  unsigned char *pP1;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, 1, (void**)&pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  *pMeta = get4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4]);
  sqlite3pager_unref(pP1);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write meta-information back into the database.  Meta[0] is
** read-only and may not be written.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree *pBt, int idx, u32 iMeta){
  unsigned char *pP1;
  int rc;
  assert( idx>=1 && idx<=15 );
  if( !pBt->inTrans ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, 1, (void**)&pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  put4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4], iMeta);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/******************************************************************************
** The complete implementation of the BTree subsystem is above this line.
................................................................................
  int hdrOffset;
  char range[20];
  unsigned char payload[20];
  rc = getPage(pBt, (Pgno)pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  printf("PAGE %d:  flags=0x%02x  frag=%d\n", pgno,
    pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset], pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+5]);
  i = 0;
  hdrOffset = pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+3]);
  while( idx>0 && idx<=pBt->pageSize ){
    u64 nData, nKey;
    int nHeader;
    Pgno child;
................................................................................
    sprintf(range,"%d..%d", idx, idx+sz-1);
    parseCellHeader(pPage, pCell, &nData, &nKey, &nHeader);
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      child = 0;
    }else{
      child = get4byte(&pCell[2]);
    }
    sz = nData;
    if( !pPage->intKey ) sz += nKey;
    if( sz>sizeof(payload)-1 ) sz = sizeof(payload)-1;
    memcpy(payload, &pCell[nHeader], sz);
    for(j=0; j<sz; j++){
      if( payload[j]<0x20 || payload[j]>0x7f ) payload[j] = '.';
    }
    payload[sz] = 0;
    printf(
      "cell %2d: i=%-10s chld=%-4d nk=%-4lld nd=%-4lld payload=%s\n",
      i, range, child, nKey, nData, payload
    );
    if( pPage->isInit && pPage->aCell[i]!=pCell ){
      printf("**** aCell[%d] does not match on prior entry ****\n", i);
    }
    i++;
    idx = get2byte(pCell);
  }
................................................................................
       i, range, sz, nFree);
    idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[idx]);
    i++;
  }
  if( idx!=0 ){
    printf("ERROR: next freeblock index out of range: %d\n", idx);
  }
  if( recursive && !pPage->leaf ){
    idx = get2byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+3]);
    while( idx>0 && idx<pBt->pageSize ){
      unsigned char *pCell = &pPage->aData[idx];
      sqlite3BtreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&pCell[2]), 1);
      idx = get2byte(pCell);
    }
    sqlite3BtreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdrOffset+6]), 1);
  }
  sqlite3pager_unref(pPage->aData);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Return the flag byte at the beginning of the page that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeFlags(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur->pPage->aData[pCur->pPage->hdrOffset];
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Fill aResult[] with information about the entry and page that the
** cursor is pointing to.
** 
**   aResult[0] =  The page number
................................................................................
**   aResult[4] =  Number of free bytes on this page
**   aResult[5] =  Number of free blocks on the page
**   aResult[6] =  Page number of the left child of this entry
**   aResult[7] =  Page number of the right child for the whole page
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging only.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorDump(BtCursor *pCur, int *aResult){
  int cnt, idx;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;

  assert( pPage->isInit );
  aResult[0] = sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData);
  assert( aResult[0]==pPage->pgno );
  aResult[1] = pCur->idx;
  aResult[2] = pPage->nCell;
  if( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell ){
    aResult[3] = cellSize(pPage, pPage->aCell[pCur->idx]);
    aResult[6] = pPage->leaf ? 0 : get4byte(&pPage->aCell[pCur->idx][2]);
  }else{
................................................................................
    unsigned char *pOvfl;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      sprintf(zMsg, "%d pages missing from overflow list", N+1);
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, zMsg);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zContext) ) break;
    if( sqlite3pager_get(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, (void**)&pOvfl) ){
      sprintf(zMsg, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, zMsg);
      break;
    }
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvfl[4]);
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        checkRef(pCheck, get4byte(&pOvfl[8+i*4]), zContext);
      }
      N -= n;
    }
    iPage = get4byte(pOvfl);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pOvfl);
  }
}

/*
** Return negative if zKey1<zKey2.
** Return zero if zKey1==zKey2.
** Return positive if zKey1>zKey2.
................................................................................
    zKey1[nLower] = 0;
  }else{
    zKey1 = 0;
  }
  nKey1 = nLower;
  cur.pPage = pPage;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    Cell *pCell = pPage->aCell[i];
    int sz;

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    nKey2 = NKEY(pBt, pCell->h);
    sz = nKey2 + NDATA(pBt, pCell->h);
    sprintf(zContext, "On page %d cell %d: ", iPage, i);
................................................................................
** is responsible for freeing the error message when it is done.
*/
char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree *pBt, int *aRoot, int nRoot){
  int i;
  int nRef;
  IntegrityCk sCheck;

  nRef = *sqlite3pager_stats(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtree(pBt)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return sqliteStrDup("Unable to acquire a read lock on the database");
  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(sCheck.pPager);
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    return 0;
  }
  sCheck.anRef = sqliteMallocRaw( (sCheck.nPage+1)*sizeof(sCheck.anRef[0]) );
  sCheck.anRef[1] = 1;
  for(i=2; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  sCheck.zErrMsg = 0;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

  /* Check all the tables.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nRoot; i++){
    if( aRoot[i]==0 ) continue;
    checkTreePage(&sCheck, aRoot[i], 0, "List of tree roots: ", 0,0,0,0);
  }
................................................................................
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, zBuf, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages
  */
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  if( nRef != *sqlite3pager_stats(pBt->pPager) ){
    char zBuf[100];
    sprintf(zBuf, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, *sqlite3pager_stats(pBt->pPager)
    );
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, zBuf, 0);
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
  sqliteFree(sCheck.anRef);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the underlying database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *pBt){
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3pager_filename(pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Copy the complete content of pBtFrom into pBtTo.  A transaction
** must be active for both files.
**
** The size of file pBtFrom may be reduced by this operation.
................................................................................
** If anything goes wrong, the transaction on pBtFrom is rolled back.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *pBtTo, Btree *pBtFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Pgno i, nPage, nToPage;

  if( !pBtTo->inTrans || !pBtFrom->inTrans ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  if( pBtTo->pCursor ) return SQLITE_BUSY;

  memcpy(pBtTo->pPage1, pBtFrom->pPage1, SQLITE_USABLE_SIZE);
  rc = sqlite3pager_overwrite(pBtTo->pPager, 1, pBtFrom->pPage1);
  nToPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBtTo->pPager);
  nPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBtFrom->pPager);
  for(i=2; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBtFrom->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3pager_overwrite(pBtTo->pPager, i, pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
  }
  for(i=nPage+1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nToPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
    sqlite3pager_dont_write(pBtTo->pPager, i);
  }
  if( !rc && nPage<nToPage ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_truncate(pBtTo->pPager, nPage);
  }
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pBtTo);
  }
  return rc;  
}

Changes to src/btree.h.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
** subsystem.  See comments in the source code for a detailed description
** of what each interface routine does.
**
** @(#) $Id: btree.h,v 1.37 2004/04/26 14:10:21 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/*
** Forward declarations of structure
*/
................................................................................
  int iTable,                          /* Index of root page */
  int wrFlag,                          /* 1 for writing.  0 for read-only */
  int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),  /* Key comparison function */
  void*,                               /* First argument to compare function */
  BtCursor **ppCursor                  /* Returned cursor */
);

int sqlite3BtreeCursorClose(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeMoveto(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, u64 nKey, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, u64 nKey,
                                  const void *pData, int nData);
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, u64 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);











#endif /* _BTREE_H_ */







|







 







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>



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79
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81
82
83
84
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87
88
89
90
91
92
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
** subsystem.  See comments in the source code for a detailed description
** of what each interface routine does.
**
** @(#) $Id: btree.h,v 1.38 2004/05/07 13:30:42 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/*
** Forward declarations of structure
*/
................................................................................
  int iTable,                          /* Index of root page */
  int wrFlag,                          /* 1 for writing.  0 for read-only */
  int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),  /* Key comparison function */
  void*,                               /* First argument to compare function */
  BtCursor **ppCursor                  /* Returned cursor */
);

int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeMoveto(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, u64 nKey, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, u64 nKey,
                                  const void *pData, int nData);
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, u64 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorDump(BtCursor*, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeFlags(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreePageDump(Btree*, int, int recursive);
#endif


#endif /* _BTREE_H_ */

Changes to src/printf.c.

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  int width;                 /* Width of the current field */
  etByte flag_leftjustify;   /* True if "-" flag is present */
  etByte flag_plussign;      /* True if "+" flag is present */
  etByte flag_blanksign;     /* True if " " flag is present */
  etByte flag_alternateform; /* True if "#" flag is present */
  etByte flag_zeropad;       /* True if field width constant starts with zero */
  etByte flag_long;          /* True if "l" flag is present */

  unsigned long longvalue;   /* Value for integer types */
  LONGDOUBLE_TYPE realvalue; /* Value for real types */
  et_info *infop;            /* Pointer to the appropriate info structure */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */
  char prefix;               /* Prefix character.  "+" or "-" or " " or '\0'. */
  etByte errorflag = 0;      /* True if an error is encountered */
  etByte xtype;              /* Conversion paradigm */
  char *zExtra;              /* Extra memory used for etTCLESCAPE conversions */
................................................................................
    }else{
      precision = -1;
    }
    /* Get the conversion type modifier */
    if( c=='l' ){
      flag_long = 1;
      c = *++fmt;



    }else{
      flag_long = 0;



    }
    /* Fetch the info entry for the field */
    infop = 0;
    xtype = etERROR;
    for(idx=0; idx<etNINFO; idx++){
      if( c==fmtinfo[idx].fmttype ){
        infop = &fmtinfo[idx];
................................................................................
    **   flag_alternateform          TRUE if a '#' is present.
    **   flag_plussign               TRUE if a '+' is present.
    **   flag_leftjustify            TRUE if a '-' is present or if the
    **                               field width was negative.
    **   flag_zeropad                TRUE if the width began with 0.
    **   flag_long                   TRUE if the letter 'l' (ell) prefixed
    **                               the conversion character.


    **   flag_blanksign              TRUE if a ' ' is present.
    **   width                       The specified field width.  This is
    **                               always non-negative.  Zero is the default.
    **   precision                   The specified precision.  The default
    **                               is -1.
    **   xtype                       The class of the conversion.
    **   infop                       Pointer to the appropriate info struct.
    */
    switch( xtype ){
      case etRADIX:

        if( flag_long )  longvalue = va_arg(ap,long);
        else             longvalue = va_arg(ap,int);
#if 1
        /* For the format %#x, the value zero is printed "0" not "0x0".
        ** I think this is stupid. */
        if( longvalue==0 ) flag_alternateform = 0;
#else
        /* More sensible: turn off the prefix for octal (to prevent "00"),
        ** but leave the prefix for hex. */







>
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204
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357
  int width;                 /* Width of the current field */
  etByte flag_leftjustify;   /* True if "-" flag is present */
  etByte flag_plussign;      /* True if "+" flag is present */
  etByte flag_blanksign;     /* True if " " flag is present */
  etByte flag_alternateform; /* True if "#" flag is present */
  etByte flag_zeropad;       /* True if field width constant starts with zero */
  etByte flag_long;          /* True if "l" flag is present */
  etByte flag_longlong;      /* True if the "ll" flag is present */
  UINT64_TYPE longvalue;     /* Value for integer types */
  LONGDOUBLE_TYPE realvalue; /* Value for real types */
  et_info *infop;            /* Pointer to the appropriate info structure */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */
  char prefix;               /* Prefix character.  "+" or "-" or " " or '\0'. */
  etByte errorflag = 0;      /* True if an error is encountered */
  etByte xtype;              /* Conversion paradigm */
  char *zExtra;              /* Extra memory used for etTCLESCAPE conversions */
................................................................................
    }else{
      precision = -1;
    }
    /* Get the conversion type modifier */
    if( c=='l' ){
      flag_long = 1;
      c = *++fmt;
      if( c=='l' ){
        flag_longlong = 1;
        c = *++fmt;
      }else{
        flag_longlong = 0;
      }
    }else{
      flag_long = flag_longlong = 0;
    }
    /* Fetch the info entry for the field */
    infop = 0;
    xtype = etERROR;
    for(idx=0; idx<etNINFO; idx++){
      if( c==fmtinfo[idx].fmttype ){
        infop = &fmtinfo[idx];
................................................................................
    **   flag_alternateform          TRUE if a '#' is present.
    **   flag_plussign               TRUE if a '+' is present.
    **   flag_leftjustify            TRUE if a '-' is present or if the
    **                               field width was negative.
    **   flag_zeropad                TRUE if the width began with 0.
    **   flag_long                   TRUE if the letter 'l' (ell) prefixed
    **                               the conversion character.
    **   flag_longlong               TRUE if the letter 'll' (ell ell) prefixed
    **                               the conversion character.
    **   flag_blanksign              TRUE if a ' ' is present.
    **   width                       The specified field width.  This is
    **                               always non-negative.  Zero is the default.
    **   precision                   The specified precision.  The default
    **                               is -1.
    **   xtype                       The class of the conversion.
    **   infop                       Pointer to the appropriate info struct.
    */
    switch( xtype ){
      case etRADIX:
        if( flag_longlong )   longvalue = va_arg(ap,INT64_TYPE);
        else if( flag_long )  longvalue = va_arg(ap,long ing);
        else                  longvalue = va_arg(ap,int);
#if 1
        /* For the format %#x, the value zero is printed "0" not "0x0".
        ** I think this is stupid. */
        if( longvalue==0 ) flag_alternateform = 0;
#else
        /* More sensible: turn off the prefix for octal (to prevent "00"),
        ** but leave the prefix for hex. */

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

7
8
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98
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....
1270
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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.222 2004/05/06 23:37:53 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
................................................................................
/*
** Integers of known sizes.  These typedefs might change for architectures
** where the sizes very.  Preprocessor macros are available so that the
** types can be conveniently redefined at compile-type.  Like this:
**
**         cc '-DUINTPTR_TYPE=long long int' ...
*/



#ifndef UINT64_TYPE
# define UINT64_TYPE unsigned long long int
#endif
#ifndef UINT32_TYPE
# define UINT32_TYPE unsigned int
#endif
#ifndef UINT16_TYPE
................................................................................
int sqliteFitsIn32Bits(const char *);

unsigned char *sqlite3utf16to8(const void *pData, int N);
void *sqlite3utf8to16be(const unsigned char *pIn, int N);
void *sqlite3utf8to16le(const unsigned char *pIn, int N);
void sqlite3utf16to16le(void *pData, int N);
void sqlite3utf16to16be(void *pData, int N);








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<
7
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105
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....
1273
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1275
1276
1277
1278
1279

**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.223 2004/05/07 13:30:42 drh Exp $
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
................................................................................
/*
** Integers of known sizes.  These typedefs might change for architectures
** where the sizes very.  Preprocessor macros are available so that the
** types can be conveniently redefined at compile-type.  Like this:
**
**         cc '-DUINTPTR_TYPE=long long int' ...
*/
#ifndef INT64_TYPE
# define INT64_TYPE long long int
#endif
#ifndef UINT64_TYPE
# define UINT64_TYPE unsigned long long int
#endif
#ifndef UINT32_TYPE
# define UINT32_TYPE unsigned int
#endif
#ifndef UINT16_TYPE
................................................................................
int sqliteFitsIn32Bits(const char *);

unsigned char *sqlite3utf16to8(const void *pData, int N);
void *sqlite3utf8to16be(const unsigned char *pIn, int N);
void *sqlite3utf8to16le(const unsigned char *pIn, int N);
void sqlite3utf16to16le(void *pData, int N);
void sqlite3utf16to16be(void *pData, int N);

Changes to src/test3.c.

9
10
11
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18
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429
430
431
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824
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829
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831
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...
847
848
849
850
851
852
853





854
855
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860
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864
865

866
867
868
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...
875
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904
...
913
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926
927
928



929

930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
....
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011

1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test3.c,v 1.25 2004/05/07 02:26:28 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  a = sqlitepager_stats(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  for(i=0; i<9; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl",
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlitepager_refdump(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_integrity_check ID ROOT ...
**
** Look through every page of the given BTree file to verify correct
................................................................................
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID TABLENUM WRITEABLE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &iTable) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetBoolean(interp, argv[3], &wrFlag) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pBt, iTable, wrFlag, &pCur);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sprintf(zBuf,"0x%x", (int)pCur);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
static int btree_keysize(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int rc;
  u64 n64;
  u32 n;
  char zBuf[50];

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n64);
  n = (u32)n64
  sprintf(zBuf, "%u", n);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_key ID
**
................................................................................
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n);





  zBuf = malloc( n+1 );
  rc = sqliteBtreeKey(pCur, 0, n, zBuf);
  if( rc!=n ){
    char zMsg[100];
    free(zBuf);
    sprintf(zMsg, "truncated key: got %d of %d bytes", rc, n);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zMsg, 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zBuf[n] = 0;
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  free(zBuf);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_data ID
**
** Return the data for the entry at which the cursor is pointing.
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int rc;
  int n;
  char *zBuf;

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqliteBtreeDataSize(pCur, &n);
  zBuf = malloc( n+1 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, 0, n, zBuf);
  if( rc!=n ){
    char zMsg[100];
    free(zBuf);
    sprintf(zMsg, "truncated data: got %d of %d bytes", rc, n);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zMsg, 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zBuf[n] = 0;
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  free(zBuf);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int n2;
  u32 n1;
  char zBuf[50];

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;



  sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n1);

  sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCur, &n2);
  sprintf(zBuf, "%d", n1+n2);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_cursor_dump ID
**
................................................................................
     { "btree_cursor",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_cursor             },
     { "btree_close_cursor",       (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_close_cursor       },
     { "btree_move_to",            (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_move_to            },
     { "btree_delete",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_delete             },
     { "btree_insert",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_insert             },
     { "btree_next",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_next               },
     { "btree_prev",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_prev               },

     { "btree_key",                (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_key                },
     { "btree_data",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_data               },
     { "btree_payload_size",       (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_payload_size       },
     { "btree_first",              (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_first              },
     { "btree_last",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_last               },
     { "btree_cursor_dump",        (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_cursor_dump        },
     { "btree_integrity_check",    (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_integrity_check    },
  };
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aCmd)/sizeof(aCmd[0]); i++){
    Tcl_CreateCommand(interp, aCmd[i].zName, aCmd[i].xProc, 0, 0);
  }
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "pager_refinfo_enable", (char*)&pager_refinfo_enable,
     TCL_LINK_INT);
  return TCL_OK;
}







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test3.c,v 1.26 2004/05/07 13:30:42 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  a = sqlite3pager_stats(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  for(i=0; i<9; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl",
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3pager_refdump(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_integrity_check ID ROOT ...
**
** Look through every page of the given BTree file to verify correct
................................................................................
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID TABLENUM WRITEABLE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pBt) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &iTable) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetBoolean(interp, argv[3], &wrFlag) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pBt, iTable, wrFlag, 0, 0, &pCur);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sprintf(zBuf,"0x%x", (int)pCur);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
static int btree_keysize(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;

  u64 n;

  char zBuf[50];

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n);

  sprintf(zBuf, "%llu", n);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_key ID
**
................................................................................
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n);
  if( sqlite3BtreeFlags(pCur) & BTREE_INTKEY ){
    char zBuf2[60];
    sprintf(zBuf2, "%llu", n);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf2, 0);
  }else{
    zBuf = malloc( n+1 );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, n, zBuf);
    if( rc!=n ){
      char zMsg[100];
      free(zBuf);
      sprintf(zMsg, "truncated key: got %d of %llu bytes", rc, n);
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zMsg, 0);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    zBuf[n] = 0;
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
    free(zBuf);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_data ID
**
** Return the data for the entry at which the cursor is pointing.
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int rc;
  u32 n;
  char *zBuf;

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCur, &n);
  zBuf = malloc( n+1 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, 0, n, zBuf);
  if( rc!=n ){
    char zMsg[100];
    free(zBuf);
    sprintf(zMsg, "truncated data: got %d of %u bytes", rc, n);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zMsg, 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zBuf[n] = 0;
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  free(zBuf);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int n2;
  u64 n1;
  char zBuf[50];

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[1], (int*)&pCur) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( sqlite3BtreeFlags(pCur) & BTREE_INTKEY ){
    n1 = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &n1);
  }
  sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCur, &n2);
  sprintf(zBuf, "%d", (int)(n1+n2));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_cursor_dump ID
**
................................................................................
     { "btree_cursor",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_cursor             },
     { "btree_close_cursor",       (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_close_cursor       },
     { "btree_move_to",            (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_move_to            },
     { "btree_delete",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_delete             },
     { "btree_insert",             (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_insert             },
     { "btree_next",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_next               },
     { "btree_prev",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_prev               },
     { "btree_keysize",            (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_keysize            },
     { "btree_key",                (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_key                },
     { "btree_data",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_data               },
     { "btree_payload_size",       (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_payload_size       },
     { "btree_first",              (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_first              },
     { "btree_last",               (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_last               },
     { "btree_cursor_dump",        (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_cursor_dump        },
     { "btree_integrity_check",    (Tcl_CmdProc*)btree_integrity_check    },
  };
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aCmd)/sizeof(aCmd[0]); i++){
    Tcl_CreateCommand(interp, aCmd[i].zName, aCmd[i].xProc, 0, 0);
  }
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "pager_refinfo_enable", (char*)&pager3_refinfo_enable,
     TCL_LINK_INT);
  return TCL_OK;
}