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Overview
Comment:Split main.c into two files to make building without the parser easier. (CVS 2481)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:d50915fafbde6859a5c2c3fc5cc9b99553b54e21
User & Date: danielk1977 2005-05-25 04:11:56
Context
2005-05-25
10:45
Rearrange code so that SSE can invoke the collation factory. (CVS 2482) check-in: ea061d2e user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
04:11
Split main.c into two files to make building without the parser easier. (CVS 2481) check-in: d50915fa user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
2005-05-24
20:19
Remove the config.h file from the build. Ticket #1224. (CVS 2480) check-in: 3e64f1ab user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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TCC += -DSQLITE_OMIT_CURSOR

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ = alter.lo attach.lo auth.lo btree.lo build.lo callback.lo date.lo \
         delete.lo expr.lo func.lo hash.lo insert.lo \
         main.lo opcodes.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo parse.lo pragma.lo printf.lo random.lo \
         select.lo table.lo tokenize.lo trigger.lo update.lo \
         util.lo vacuum.lo vdbe.lo vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbemem.lo \
         where.lo utf.lo legacy.lo

# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_unix.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_win.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/parse.y \
  $(TOP)/src/pragma.c \

  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
................................................................................
parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon$(BEXE)
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y

pragma.lo:	$(TOP)/src/pragma.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/pragma.c




printf.lo:	$(TOP)/src/printf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/printf.c

random.lo:	$(TOP)/src/random.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/random.c

select.lo:	$(TOP)/src/select.c $(HDR)







|







 







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TCC += -DSQLITE_OMIT_CURSOR

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ = alter.lo attach.lo auth.lo btree.lo build.lo callback.lo date.lo \
         delete.lo expr.lo func.lo hash.lo insert.lo \
         main.lo opcodes.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo parse.lo pragma.lo prepare.lo printf.lo random.lo \
         select.lo table.lo tokenize.lo trigger.lo update.lo \
         util.lo vacuum.lo vdbe.lo vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbemem.lo \
         where.lo utf.lo legacy.lo

# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_unix.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_win.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/parse.y \
  $(TOP)/src/pragma.c \
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
................................................................................
parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon$(BEXE)
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y

pragma.lo:	$(TOP)/src/pragma.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/pragma.c

prepare.lo:	$(TOP)/src/prepare.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/prepare.c

printf.lo:	$(TOP)/src/printf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/printf.c

random.lo:	$(TOP)/src/random.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -c $(TOP)/src/random.c

select.lo:	$(TOP)/src/select.c $(HDR)

Changes to main.mk.

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TCCX = $(TCC) $(OPTS) $(THREADSAFE) $(USLEEP) -I. -I$(TOP)/src

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= alter.o attach.o auth.o btree.o build.o callback.o date.o delete.o \
         expr.o func.o hash.o insert.o \
         main.o opcodes.o os_unix.o os_win.o \
         pager.o parse.o pragma.o printf.o random.o \
         select.o table.o tclsqlite.o tokenize.o trigger.o \
         update.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbe.o vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbemem.o \
         where.o utf.o legacy.o

# All of the source code files.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_unix.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_win.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/parse.y \
  $(TOP)/src/pragma.c \

  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
................................................................................
parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y

pragma.o:	$(TOP)/src/pragma.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/pragma.c




printf.o:	$(TOP)/src/printf.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/printf.c

random.o:	$(TOP)/src/random.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) -c $(TOP)/src/random.c

select.o:	$(TOP)/src/select.c $(HDR)







|







 







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TCCX = $(TCC) $(OPTS) $(THREADSAFE) $(USLEEP) -I. -I$(TOP)/src

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= alter.o attach.o auth.o btree.o build.o callback.o date.o delete.o \
         expr.o func.o hash.o insert.o \
         main.o opcodes.o os_unix.o os_win.o \
         pager.o parse.o pragma.o prepare.o printf.o random.o \
         select.o table.o tclsqlite.o tokenize.o trigger.o \
         update.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbe.o vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbemem.o \
         where.o utf.o legacy.o

# All of the source code files.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_unix.c \
  $(TOP)/src/os_win.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.c \
  $(TOP)/src/pager.h \
  $(TOP)/src/parse.y \
  $(TOP)/src/pragma.c \
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
................................................................................
parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y

pragma.o:	$(TOP)/src/pragma.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/pragma.c

prepare.o:	$(TOP)/src/prepare.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/prepare.c

printf.o:	$(TOP)/src/printf.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -c $(TOP)/src/printf.c

random.o:	$(TOP)/src/random.c $(HDR)
	$(TCCX) -c $(TOP)/src/random.c

select.o:	$(TOP)/src/select.c $(HDR)

Changes to src/main.c.

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**
*************************************************************************
** Main file for the SQLite library.  The routines in this file
** implement the programmer interface to the library.  Routines in
** other files are for internal use by SQLite and should not be
** accessed by users of the library.
**
** $Id: main.c,v 1.290 2005/05/24 20:19:59 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following constant value is used by the SQLITE_BIGENDIAN and
................................................................................
** Linked list of all open database handles. This is used by the 
** sqlite3_global_recover() function. Entries are added to the list
** by openDatabase() and removed by sqlite3_close().
*/
static sqlite3 *pDbList = 0;
#endif


/*
** Fill the InitData structure with an error message that indicates
** that the database is corrupt.
*/
static void corruptSchema(InitData *pData, const char *zExtra){
  if( !sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    sqlite3SetString(pData->pzErrMsg, "malformed database schema",
       zExtra!=0 && zExtra[0]!=0 ? " - " : (char*)0, zExtra, (char*)0);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
/* 
** Return the transient sqlite3_value object used for encoding conversions
** during SQL compilation.
*/
sqlite3_value *sqlite3GetTransientValue(sqlite3 *db){
  if( !db->pValue ){
    db->pValue = sqlite3ValueNew();
  }
  return db->pValue;
}
#endif

/*
** This is the callback routine for the code that initializes the
** database.  See sqlite3Init() below for additional information.
** This routine is also called from the OP_ParseSchema opcode of the VDBE.
**
** Each callback contains the following information:
**
**     argv[0] = name of thing being created
**     argv[1] = root page number for table or index.  NULL for trigger or view.
**     argv[2] = SQL text for the CREATE statement.
**     argv[3] = "1" for temporary files, "0" for main database, "2" or more
**               for auxiliary database files.
**
*/
int sqlite3InitCallback(void *pInit, int argc, char **argv, char **azColName){
  InitData *pData = (InitData*)pInit;
  sqlite3 *db = pData->db;
  int iDb;

  assert( argc==4 );
  if( argv==0 ) return 0;   /* Might happen if EMPTY_RESULT_CALLBACKS are on */
  if( argv[1]==0 || argv[3]==0 ){
    corruptSchema(pData, 0);
    return 1;
  }
  iDb = atoi(argv[3]);
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  if( argv[2] && argv[2][0] ){
    /* Call the parser to process a CREATE TABLE, INDEX or VIEW.
    ** But because db->init.busy is set to 1, no VDBE code is generated
    ** or executed.  All the parser does is build the internal data
    ** structures that describe the table, index, or view.
    */
    char *zErr;
    int rc;
    assert( db->init.busy );
    db->init.iDb = iDb;
    db->init.newTnum = atoi(argv[1]);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, argv[2], 0, 0, &zErr);
    db->init.iDb = 0;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      corruptSchema(pData, zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    /* If the SQL column is blank it means this is an index that
    ** was created to be the PRIMARY KEY or to fulfill a UNIQUE
    ** constraint for a CREATE TABLE.  The index should have already
    ** been created when we processed the CREATE TABLE.  All we have
    ** to do here is record the root page number for that index.
    */
    Index *pIndex;
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(db, argv[0], db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    if( pIndex==0 || pIndex->tnum!=0 ){
      /* This can occur if there exists an index on a TEMP table which
      ** has the same name as another index on a permanent index.  Since
      ** the permanent table is hidden by the TEMP table, we can also
      ** safely ignore the index on the permanent table.
      */
      /* Do Nothing */;
    }else{
      pIndex->tnum = atoi(argv[1]);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Attempt to read the database schema and initialize internal
** data structures for a single database file.  The index of the
** database file is given by iDb.  iDb==0 is used for the main
** database.  iDb==1 should never be used.  iDb>=2 is used for
** auxiliary databases.  Return one of the SQLITE_ error codes to
** indicate success or failure.
*/
static int sqlite3InitOne(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, char **pzErrMsg){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *curMain;
  int size;
  Table *pTab;
  char const *azArg[5];
  char zDbNum[30];
  int meta[10];
  InitData initData;
  char const *zMasterSchema;
  char const *zMasterName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);

  /*
  ** The master database table has a structure like this
  */
  static const char master_schema[] = 
     "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master(\n"
     "  type text,\n"
     "  name text,\n"
     "  tbl_name text,\n"
     "  rootpage integer,\n"
     "  sql text\n"
     ")"
  ;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  static const char temp_master_schema[] = 
     "CREATE TEMP TABLE sqlite_temp_master(\n"
     "  type text,\n"
     "  name text,\n"
     "  tbl_name text,\n"
     "  rootpage integer,\n"
     "  sql text\n"
     ")"
  ;
#else
  #define temp_master_schema 0
#endif

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );

  /* zMasterSchema and zInitScript are set to point at the master schema
  ** and initialisation script appropriate for the database being
  ** initialised. zMasterName is the name of the master table.
  */
  if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
    zMasterSchema = temp_master_schema;
  }else{
    zMasterSchema = master_schema;
  }
  zMasterName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);

  /* Construct the schema tables.  */
  sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  azArg[0] = zMasterName;
  azArg[1] = "1";
  azArg[2] = zMasterSchema;
  sprintf(zDbNum, "%d", iDb);
  azArg[3] = zDbNum;
  azArg[4] = 0;
  initData.db = db;
  initData.pzErrMsg = pzErrMsg;
  rc = sqlite3InitCallback(&initData, 4, (char **)azArg, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    return rc;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zMasterName, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->readOnly = 1;
  }
  sqlite3SafetyOn(db);

  /* Create a cursor to hold the database open
  */
  if( db->aDb[iDb].pBt==0 ){
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ) DbSetProperty(db, 1, DB_SchemaLoaded);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 0, 0, 0, &curMain);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_EMPTY ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, sqlite3ErrStr(rc), (char*)0);
    return rc;
  }

  /* Get the database meta information.
  **
  ** Meta values are as follows:
  **    meta[0]   Schema cookie.  Changes with each schema change.
  **    meta[1]   File format of schema layer.
  **    meta[2]   Size of the page cache.
  **    meta[3]   Use freelist if 0.  Autovacuum if greater than zero.
  **    meta[4]   Db text encoding. 1:UTF-8 3:UTF-16 LE 4:UTF-16 BE
  **    meta[5]   The user cookie. Used by the application.
  **    meta[6]   
  **    meta[7]
  **    meta[8]
  **    meta[9]
  **
  ** Note: The hash defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<sizeof(meta)/sizeof(meta[0]); i++){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, i+1, (u32 *)&meta[i]);
    }
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, sqlite3ErrStr(rc), (char*)0);
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    memset(meta, 0, sizeof(meta));
  }
  db->aDb[iDb].schema_cookie = meta[0];

  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
  */
  if( meta[4] ){  /* text encoding */
    if( iDb==0 ){
      /* If opening the main database, set db->enc. */
      db->enc = (u8)meta[4];
      db->pDfltColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, db->enc, "BINARY", 6, 0);
    }else{
      /* If opening an attached database, the encoding much match db->enc */
      if( meta[4]!=db->enc ){
        sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
        sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "attached databases must use the same"
            " text encoding as main database", (char*)0);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }
  }

  size = meta[2];
  if( size==0 ){ size = MAX_PAGES; }
  db->aDb[iDb].cache_size = size;

  if( iDb==0 ){
    db->file_format = meta[1];
    if( db->file_format==0 ){
      /* This happens if the database was initially empty */
      db->file_format = 1;
    }

    if( db->file_format==2 || db->file_format==3 ){
      /* File format 2 is treated exactly as file format 1. New 
      ** databases are created with file format 1.
      */ 
      db->file_format = 1;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** file_format==1    Version 3.0.0.
  ** file_format==2    Version 3.1.3.
  ** file_format==3    Version 3.1.4.
  **
  ** Version 3.0 can only use files with file_format==1. Version 3.1.3
  ** can read and write files with file_format==1 or file_format==2.
  ** Version 3.1.4 can read and write file formats 1, 2 and 3.
  */
  if( meta[1]>3 ){
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "unsupported file format", (char*)0);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, db->aDb[iDb].cache_size);

  /* Read the schema information out of the schema tables
  */
  assert( db->init.busy );
  if( rc==SQLITE_EMPTY ){
    /* For an empty database, there is nothing to read */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    char *zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql, '%s' FROM '%q'.%s",
        zDbNum, db->aDb[iDb].zName, zMasterName);
    sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
    sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    sqliteFree(zSql);
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
  }
  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "out of memory", (char*)0);
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded);
  }else{
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, iDb);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Initialize all database files - the main database file, the file
** used to store temporary tables, and any additional database files
** created using ATTACH statements.  Return a success code.  If an
** error occurs, write an error message into *pzErrMsg.
**
** After the database is initialized, the SQLITE_Initialized
** bit is set in the flags field of the sqlite structure. 
*/
int sqlite3Init(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg){
  int i, rc;
  
  if( db->init.busy ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)==0 );
  rc = SQLITE_OK;
  db->init.busy = 1;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){
    if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) || i==1 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, i);
    }
  }

  /* Once all the other databases have been initialised, load the schema
  ** for the TEMP database. This is loaded last, as the TEMP database
  ** schema may contain references to objects in other databases.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->nDb>1 && !DbHasProperty(db, 1, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, 1, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 1);
    }
  }
#endif

  db->init.busy = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    db->flags |= SQLITE_Initialized;
    sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    db->flags &= ~SQLITE_Initialized;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is a no-op if the database schema is already initialised.
** Otherwise, the schema is loaded. An error code is returned.
*/
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3Init(db, &pParse->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)||db->init.busy );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = rc;
    pParse->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** The version of the library
*/
const char rcsid3[] = "@(#) \044Id: SQLite version " SQLITE_VERSION " $";
const char sqlite3_version[] = SQLITE_VERSION;
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
  }
  if( sqlite3SafetyCheck(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  return db->errCode;
}

/*
** Check schema cookies in all databases.  If any cookie is out
** of date, return 0.  If all schema cookies are current, return 1.
*/
static int schemaIsValid(sqlite3 *db){
  int iDb;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *curTemp;
  int cookie;
  int allOk = 1;

  for(iDb=0; allOk && iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){
    Btree *pBt;
    pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( pBt==0 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 0, 0, 0, &curTemp);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, 1, (u32 *)&cookie);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && cookie!=db->aDb[iDb].schema_cookie ){
        allOk = 0;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curTemp);
    }
  }
  return allOk;
}

/*
** Compile the UTF-8 encoded SQL statement zSql into a statement handle.
*/
int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Database handle. */
  const char *zSql,         /* UTF-8 encoded SQL statement. */
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char** pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  Parse sParse;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  assert( ppStmt );
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }

  memset(&sParse, 0, sizeof(sParse));
  sParse.db = db;
  sqlite3RunParser(&sParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);

  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3RollbackAll(db);
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
    db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InTrans;
    goto prepare_out;
  }
  if( sParse.rc==SQLITE_DONE ) sParse.rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( sParse.rc!=SQLITE_OK && sParse.checkSchema && !schemaIsValid(db) ){
    sParse.rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  if( sParse.rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
  }
  if( pzTail ) *pzTail = sParse.zTail;
  rc = sParse.rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sParse.pVdbe && sParse.explain ){
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(sParse.pVdbe, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 0, "addr", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 1, "opcode", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 2, "p1", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 3, "p2", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 4, "p3", P3_STATIC);
  } 
#endif

prepare_out:
  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppStmt = (sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe;
  }else if( sParse.pVdbe ){
    sqlite3_finalize((sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe);
  }

  if( zErrMsg ){
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, "%s", zErrMsg);
    sqliteFree(zErrMsg);
  }else{
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
/*
** Compile the UTF-16 encoded SQL statement zSql into a statement handle.
*/
int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Database handle. */ 
  const void *zSql,         /* UTF-8 encoded SQL statement. */
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const void **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  /* This function currently works by first transforming the UTF-16
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char const *zSql8 = 0;
  char const *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3_value *pTmp;

  if( sqlite3SafetyCheck(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  pTmp = sqlite3GetTransientValue(db);
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(pTmp, -1, zSql, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_STATIC);
  zSql8 = sqlite3ValueText(pTmp, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( !zSql8 ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_NOMEM, 0);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql8, -1, ppStmt, &zTail8);

  if( zTail8 && pzTail ){
    /* If sqlite3_prepare returns a tail pointer, we calculate the
    ** equivalent pointer into the UTF-16 string by counting the unicode
    ** characters between zSql8 and zTail8, and then returning a pointer
    ** the same number of characters into the UTF-16 string.
    */
    int chars_parsed = sqlite3utf8CharLen(zSql8, zTail8-zSql8);
    *pzTail = (u8 *)zSql + sqlite3utf16ByteLen(zSql, chars_parsed);
  }
 
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

/*
** This routine does the work of opening a database on behalf of
** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16(). The database filename "zFilename"  
** is UTF-8 encoded.
*/
static int openDatabase(
  const char *zFilename, /* Database filename UTF-8 encoded */







|







 







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**
*************************************************************************
** Main file for the SQLite library.  The routines in this file
** implement the programmer interface to the library.  Routines in
** other files are for internal use by SQLite and should not be
** accessed by users of the library.
**
** $Id: main.c,v 1.291 2005/05/25 04:11:56 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following constant value is used by the SQLITE_BIGENDIAN and
................................................................................
** Linked list of all open database handles. This is used by the 
** sqlite3_global_recover() function. Entries are added to the list
** by openDatabase() and removed by sqlite3_close().
*/
static sqlite3 *pDbList = 0;
#endif













#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
/* 
** Return the transient sqlite3_value object used for encoding conversions
** during SQL compilation.
*/
sqlite3_value *sqlite3GetTransientValue(sqlite3 *db){
  if( !db->pValue ){
    db->pValue = sqlite3ValueNew();
  }
  return db->pValue;
}
#endif





























































































































































































































































































































































/*
** The version of the library
*/
const char rcsid3[] = "@(#) \044Id: SQLite version " SQLITE_VERSION " $";
const char sqlite3_version[] = SQLITE_VERSION;
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
  }
  if( sqlite3SafetyCheck(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  return db->errCode;
}





















































































































































/*
** This routine does the work of opening a database on behalf of
** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16(). The database filename "zFilename"  
** is UTF-8 encoded.
*/
static int openDatabase(
  const char *zFilename, /* Database filename UTF-8 encoded */

Added src/prepare.c.



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2005 May 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the implementation of the sqlite3_prepare()
** interface, and routines that contribute to loading the database schema
** from disk.
**
** $Id: prepare.c,v 1.1 2005/05/25 04:11:56 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** Fill the InitData structure with an error message that indicates
** that the database is corrupt.
*/
static void corruptSchema(InitData *pData, const char *zExtra){
  if( !sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    sqlite3SetString(pData->pzErrMsg, "malformed database schema",
       zExtra!=0 && zExtra[0]!=0 ? " - " : (char*)0, zExtra, (char*)0);
  }
}

/*
** This is the callback routine for the code that initializes the
** database.  See sqlite3Init() below for additional information.
** This routine is also called from the OP_ParseSchema opcode of the VDBE.
**
** Each callback contains the following information:
**
**     argv[0] = name of thing being created
**     argv[1] = root page number for table or index.  NULL for trigger or view.
**     argv[2] = SQL text for the CREATE statement.
**     argv[3] = "1" for temporary files, "0" for main database, "2" or more
**               for auxiliary database files.
**
*/
int sqlite3InitCallback(void *pInit, int argc, char **argv, char **azColName){
  InitData *pData = (InitData*)pInit;
  sqlite3 *db = pData->db;
  int iDb;

  assert( argc==4 );
  if( argv==0 ) return 0;   /* Might happen if EMPTY_RESULT_CALLBACKS are on */
  if( argv[1]==0 || argv[3]==0 ){
    corruptSchema(pData, 0);
    return 1;
  }
  iDb = atoi(argv[3]);
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  if( argv[2] && argv[2][0] ){
    /* Call the parser to process a CREATE TABLE, INDEX or VIEW.
    ** But because db->init.busy is set to 1, no VDBE code is generated
    ** or executed.  All the parser does is build the internal data
    ** structures that describe the table, index, or view.
    */
    char *zErr;
    int rc;
    assert( db->init.busy );
    db->init.iDb = iDb;
    db->init.newTnum = atoi(argv[1]);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, argv[2], 0, 0, &zErr);
    db->init.iDb = 0;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      corruptSchema(pData, zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    /* If the SQL column is blank it means this is an index that
    ** was created to be the PRIMARY KEY or to fulfill a UNIQUE
    ** constraint for a CREATE TABLE.  The index should have already
    ** been created when we processed the CREATE TABLE.  All we have
    ** to do here is record the root page number for that index.
    */
    Index *pIndex;
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(db, argv[0], db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    if( pIndex==0 || pIndex->tnum!=0 ){
      /* This can occur if there exists an index on a TEMP table which
      ** has the same name as another index on a permanent index.  Since
      ** the permanent table is hidden by the TEMP table, we can also
      ** safely ignore the index on the permanent table.
      */
      /* Do Nothing */;
    }else{
      pIndex->tnum = atoi(argv[1]);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Attempt to read the database schema and initialize internal
** data structures for a single database file.  The index of the
** database file is given by iDb.  iDb==0 is used for the main
** database.  iDb==1 should never be used.  iDb>=2 is used for
** auxiliary databases.  Return one of the SQLITE_ error codes to
** indicate success or failure.
*/
static int sqlite3InitOne(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, char **pzErrMsg){
  int rc;
  BtCursor *curMain;
  int size;
  Table *pTab;
  char const *azArg[5];
  char zDbNum[30];
  int meta[10];
  InitData initData;
  char const *zMasterSchema;
  char const *zMasterName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);

  /*
  ** The master database table has a structure like this
  */
  static const char master_schema[] = 
     "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master(\n"
     "  type text,\n"
     "  name text,\n"
     "  tbl_name text,\n"
     "  rootpage integer,\n"
     "  sql text\n"
     ")"
  ;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  static const char temp_master_schema[] = 
     "CREATE TEMP TABLE sqlite_temp_master(\n"
     "  type text,\n"
     "  name text,\n"
     "  tbl_name text,\n"
     "  rootpage integer,\n"
     "  sql text\n"
     ")"
  ;
#else
  #define temp_master_schema 0
#endif

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );

  /* zMasterSchema and zInitScript are set to point at the master schema
  ** and initialisation script appropriate for the database being
  ** initialised. zMasterName is the name of the master table.
  */
  if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
    zMasterSchema = temp_master_schema;
  }else{
    zMasterSchema = master_schema;
  }
  zMasterName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);

  /* Construct the schema tables.  */
  sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  azArg[0] = zMasterName;
  azArg[1] = "1";
  azArg[2] = zMasterSchema;
  sprintf(zDbNum, "%d", iDb);
  azArg[3] = zDbNum;
  azArg[4] = 0;
  initData.db = db;
  initData.pzErrMsg = pzErrMsg;
  rc = sqlite3InitCallback(&initData, 4, (char **)azArg, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    return rc;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zMasterName, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->readOnly = 1;
  }
  sqlite3SafetyOn(db);

  /* Create a cursor to hold the database open
  */
  if( db->aDb[iDb].pBt==0 ){
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ) DbSetProperty(db, 1, DB_SchemaLoaded);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 0, 0, 0, &curMain);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_EMPTY ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, sqlite3ErrStr(rc), (char*)0);
    return rc;
  }

  /* Get the database meta information.
  **
  ** Meta values are as follows:
  **    meta[0]   Schema cookie.  Changes with each schema change.
  **    meta[1]   File format of schema layer.
  **    meta[2]   Size of the page cache.
  **    meta[3]   Use freelist if 0.  Autovacuum if greater than zero.
  **    meta[4]   Db text encoding. 1:UTF-8 3:UTF-16 LE 4:UTF-16 BE
  **    meta[5]   The user cookie. Used by the application.
  **    meta[6]   
  **    meta[7]
  **    meta[8]
  **    meta[9]
  **
  ** Note: The hash defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<sizeof(meta)/sizeof(meta[0]); i++){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, i+1, (u32 *)&meta[i]);
    }
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, sqlite3ErrStr(rc), (char*)0);
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    memset(meta, 0, sizeof(meta));
  }
  db->aDb[iDb].schema_cookie = meta[0];

  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
  */
  if( meta[4] ){  /* text encoding */
    if( iDb==0 ){
      /* If opening the main database, set db->enc. */
      db->enc = (u8)meta[4];
      db->pDfltColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, db->enc, "BINARY", 6, 0);
    }else{
      /* If opening an attached database, the encoding much match db->enc */
      if( meta[4]!=db->enc ){
        sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
        sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "attached databases must use the same"
            " text encoding as main database", (char*)0);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }
  }

  size = meta[2];
  if( size==0 ){ size = MAX_PAGES; }
  db->aDb[iDb].cache_size = size;

  if( iDb==0 ){
    db->file_format = meta[1];
    if( db->file_format==0 ){
      /* This happens if the database was initially empty */
      db->file_format = 1;
    }

    if( db->file_format==2 || db->file_format==3 ){
      /* File format 2 is treated exactly as file format 1. New 
      ** databases are created with file format 1.
      */ 
      db->file_format = 1;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** file_format==1    Version 3.0.0.
  ** file_format==2    Version 3.1.3.
  ** file_format==3    Version 3.1.4.
  **
  ** Version 3.0 can only use files with file_format==1. Version 3.1.3
  ** can read and write files with file_format==1 or file_format==2.
  ** Version 3.1.4 can read and write file formats 1, 2 and 3.
  */
  if( meta[1]>3 ){
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "unsupported file format", (char*)0);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, db->aDb[iDb].cache_size);

  /* Read the schema information out of the schema tables
  */
  assert( db->init.busy );
  if( rc==SQLITE_EMPTY ){
    /* For an empty database, there is nothing to read */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    char *zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql, '%s' FROM '%q'.%s",
        zDbNum, db->aDb[iDb].zName, zMasterName);
    sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
    sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    sqliteFree(zSql);
    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
  }
  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "out of memory", (char*)0);
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded);
  }else{
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, iDb);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Initialize all database files - the main database file, the file
** used to store temporary tables, and any additional database files
** created using ATTACH statements.  Return a success code.  If an
** error occurs, write an error message into *pzErrMsg.
**
** After the database is initialized, the SQLITE_Initialized
** bit is set in the flags field of the sqlite structure. 
*/
int sqlite3Init(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg){
  int i, rc;
  
  if( db->init.busy ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)==0 );
  rc = SQLITE_OK;
  db->init.busy = 1;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){
    if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) || i==1 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, i);
    }
  }

  /* Once all the other databases have been initialised, load the schema
  ** for the TEMP database. This is loaded last, as the TEMP database
  ** schema may contain references to objects in other databases.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->nDb>1 && !DbHasProperty(db, 1, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, 1, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 1);
    }
  }
#endif

  db->init.busy = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    db->flags |= SQLITE_Initialized;
    sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    db->flags &= ~SQLITE_Initialized;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is a no-op if the database schema is already initialised.
** Otherwise, the schema is loaded. An error code is returned.
*/
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3Init(db, &pParse->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (db->flags & SQLITE_Initialized)||db->init.busy );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = rc;
    pParse->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Check schema cookies in all databases.  If any cookie is out
** of date, return 0.  If all schema cookies are current, return 1.
*/
static int schemaIsValid(sqlite3 *db){
  int iDb;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *curTemp;
  int cookie;
  int allOk = 1;

  for(iDb=0; allOk && iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){
    Btree *pBt;
    pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( pBt==0 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 0, 0, 0, &curTemp);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, 1, (u32 *)&cookie);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && cookie!=db->aDb[iDb].schema_cookie ){
        allOk = 0;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curTemp);
    }
  }
  return allOk;
}

/*
** Compile the UTF-8 encoded SQL statement zSql into a statement handle.
*/
int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Database handle. */
  const char *zSql,         /* UTF-8 encoded SQL statement. */
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char** pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  Parse sParse;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  assert( ppStmt );
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }

  memset(&sParse, 0, sizeof(sParse));
  sParse.db = db;
  sqlite3RunParser(&sParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);

  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3RollbackAll(db);
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
    db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InTrans;
    goto prepare_out;
  }
  if( sParse.rc==SQLITE_DONE ) sParse.rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( sParse.rc!=SQLITE_OK && sParse.checkSchema && !schemaIsValid(db) ){
    sParse.rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  if( sParse.rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
  }
  if( pzTail ) *pzTail = sParse.zTail;
  rc = sParse.rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sParse.pVdbe && sParse.explain ){
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(sParse.pVdbe, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 0, "addr", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 1, "opcode", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 2, "p1", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 3, "p2", P3_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(sParse.pVdbe, 4, "p3", P3_STATIC);
  } 
#endif

prepare_out:
  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppStmt = (sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe;
  }else if( sParse.pVdbe ){
    sqlite3_finalize((sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe);
  }

  if( zErrMsg ){
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, "%s", zErrMsg);
    sqliteFree(zErrMsg);
  }else{
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
/*
** Compile the UTF-16 encoded SQL statement zSql into a statement handle.
*/
int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Database handle. */ 
  const void *zSql,         /* UTF-8 encoded SQL statement. */
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const void **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  /* This function currently works by first transforming the UTF-16
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char const *zSql8 = 0;
  char const *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3_value *pTmp;

  if( sqlite3SafetyCheck(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  pTmp = sqlite3GetTransientValue(db);
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(pTmp, -1, zSql, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_STATIC);
  zSql8 = sqlite3ValueText(pTmp, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( !zSql8 ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_NOMEM, 0);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql8, -1, ppStmt, &zTail8);

  if( zTail8 && pzTail ){
    /* If sqlite3_prepare returns a tail pointer, we calculate the
    ** equivalent pointer into the UTF-16 string by counting the unicode
    ** characters between zSql8 and zTail8, and then returning a pointer
    ** the same number of characters into the UTF-16 string.
    */
    int chars_parsed = sqlite3utf8CharLen(zSql8, zTail8-zSql8);
    *pzTail = (u8 *)zSql + sqlite3utf16ByteLen(zSql, chars_parsed);
  }
 
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */