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Comment:Upgrade this branch to 3.16 plus the various fixes that appeared after its release.
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SHA1:d0e212d08f82dfb5e42a156b3e2bb03dd8e21258
User & Date: dan 2017-01-09 06:33:50
Context
2017-01-09
06:53
Disable the optimization from [8cb8516d] (omit TableLock instructions for non-sharable databases) on this branch. This branch uses the TableLock instructions to ensure that the db schema is not written from within a BEGIN CONCURRENT transaction. check-in: c8ca3e0a user: dan tags: begin-concurrent
06:33
Upgrade this branch to 3.16 plus the various fixes that appeared after its release. check-in: d0e212d0 user: dan tags: begin-concurrent
2017-01-06
13:49
Ensure that "PRAGMA case_sensitive_like" and "PRAGMA shrink_memory" set the number of output columns to 0 (as they are statements that return no data). check-in: 6696cd18 user: dan tags: trunk
2016-08-11
19:12
Merge version 3.14 plus some subsequent patches (including the page-cache performance patch) from trunk. check-in: d9f8918c user: drh tags: begin-concurrent
Changes
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Changes to Makefile.in.

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  $(TOP)/src/test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_async.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_config.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c

# Source code to the library files needed by the test fixture
#
................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata4.db


# Standard options to testfixture
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5



# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.la sqlite3$(TEXE) $(HAVE_TCL:1=libtclsqlite3.la)

Makefile: $(TOP)/Makefile.in
................................................................................
sourcetest:	srcck1$(BEXE) sqlite3.c
	./srcck1 sqlite3.c

fuzzershell$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(FUZZERSHELL_OPT) \
	  $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

fuzzcheck$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h



	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)




mptester$(TEXE):	sqlite3.lo $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ -I. $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c sqlite3.lo \
		$(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

MPTEST1=./mptester$(TEXE) mptest.db $(TOP)/mptest/crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2=./mptester$(TEXE) mptest.db $(TOP)/mptest/multiwrite01.test --repeat 20
................................................................................

fastfuzztest:	fuzzcheck$(TEXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	./fuzzcheck$(TEXE) --limit-mem 100M $(FUZZDATA)

valgrindfuzz:	fuzzcheck$(TEXT) $(FUZZDATA)
	valgrind ./fuzzcheck$(TEXE) --cell-size-check --limit-mem 10M --timeout 600 $(FUZZDATA)






# Minimal testing that runs in less than 3 minutes
#
quicktest:	./testfixture$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/extraquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# This is the common case.  Run many tests that do not take too long,
# including fuzzcheck, sqlite3_analyzer, and sqldiff tests.
#
test:	$(TESTPROGS) sourcetest fastfuzztest
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# Run a test using valgrind.  This can take a really long time
# because valgrind is so much slower than a native machine.
#
valgrindtest:	$(TESTPROGS) valgrindfuzz
	OMIT_MISUSE=1 valgrind -v ./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/permutations.test valgrind $(TESTOPTS)








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  $(TOP)/src/test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_async.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_config.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c

# Source code to the library files needed by the test fixture
#
................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata4.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata5.db

# Standard options to testfixture
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_OPT = 

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.la sqlite3$(TEXE) $(HAVE_TCL:1=libtclsqlite3.la)

Makefile: $(TOP)/Makefile.in
................................................................................
sourcetest:	srcck1$(BEXE) sqlite3.c
	./srcck1 sqlite3.c

fuzzershell$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(FUZZERSHELL_OPT) \
	  $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

fuzzcheck$(TEXE):	$(FUZZCHECK_SRC) sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) $(FUZZCHECK_SRC) sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

ossshell$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c $(TOP)/test/ossshell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) $(TOP)/test/ossshell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h $(TLIBS)

dbfuzz$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/test/dbfuzz.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(DBFUZZ_OPT) $(TOP)/test/dbfuzz.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

mptester$(TEXE):	sqlite3.lo $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ -I. $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c sqlite3.lo \
		$(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

MPTEST1=./mptester$(TEXE) mptest.db $(TOP)/mptest/crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2=./mptester$(TEXE) mptest.db $(TOP)/mptest/multiwrite01.test --repeat 20
................................................................................

fastfuzztest:	fuzzcheck$(TEXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	./fuzzcheck$(TEXE) --limit-mem 100M $(FUZZDATA)

valgrindfuzz:	fuzzcheck$(TEXT) $(FUZZDATA)
	valgrind ./fuzzcheck$(TEXE) --cell-size-check --limit-mem 10M --timeout 600 $(FUZZDATA)

# The veryquick.test TCL tests.
#
tcltest:	./testfixture$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# Minimal testing that runs in less than 3 minutes
#
quicktest:	./testfixture$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/extraquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# This is the common case.  Run many tests that do not take too long,
# including fuzzcheck, sqlite3_analyzer, and sqldiff tests.
#
test:	fastfuzztest sourcetest $(TESTPROGS) tcltest


# Run a test using valgrind.  This can take a really long time
# because valgrind is so much slower than a native machine.
#
valgrindtest:	$(TESTPROGS) valgrindfuzz
	OMIT_MISUSE=1 valgrind -v ./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/permutations.test valgrind $(TESTOPTS)

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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# <</mark>>

# Set this non-0 to enable full warnings (-W4, etc) when compiling.
#
!IFNDEF USE_FULLWARN
USE_FULLWARN = 0
!ENDIF















# Set this non-0 to use "stdcall" calling convention for the core library
# and shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF USE_STDCALL
USE_STDCALL = 0
!ENDIF
................................................................................
!IF $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SQLITE3EXEPDB =
!ELSE
SQLITE3EXEPDB = /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb
!ENDIF
!ENDIF


























# These are the "standard" SQLite compilation options used when compiling for
# the Windows platform.
#
!IFNDEF OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS

OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1

OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1
!ENDIF

# Should the session extension be enabled?  If so, add compilation options
# to enable it.
#
!IF $(SESSION)!=0
................................................................................
# also be noted here that building any target with these "stdcall" options
# will most likely fail if the Tcl library is also required.  This is due
# to how the Tcl library functions are declared and exported (i.e. without
# an explicit calling convention, which results in "cdecl").
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
!IF "$(PLATFORM)"=="x86"
CORE_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_STDCALL=__stdcall
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_STDCALL=__stdcall



!ELSE
!IFNDEF PLATFORM
CORE_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_STDCALL=__stdcall
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_STDCALL=__stdcall



!ELSE
CORE_CCONV_OPTS =
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS =



!ENDIF
!ENDIF
!ELSE
CORE_CCONV_OPTS =
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS =



!ENDIF

# These are additional compiler options used for the core library.
#
!IFNDEF CORE_COMPILE_OPTS
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
CORE_COMPILE_OPTS = $(CORE_CCONV_OPTS) -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllexport)
................................................................................
!ENDIF

# The mksqlite3c.tcl script accepts some options on the command
# line.  When compiling with debugging enabled, some of these
# options are necessary in order to allow debugging symbols to
# work correctly with Visual Studio when using the amalgamation.
#








!IFNDEF MKSQLITE3C_ARGS
!IF $(DEBUG)>1
MKSQLITE3C_ARGS = --linemacros
!ELSE
MKSQLITE3C_ARGS =















!ENDIF
!ENDIF
# <</mark>>

# Define -DNDEBUG to compile without debugging (i.e., for production usage)
# Omitting the define will cause extra debugging code to be inserted and
# includes extra comments when "EXPLAIN stmt" is used.
................................................................................
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF TCLLIBDIR
TCLLIBDIR = c:\tcl\lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCL
LIBTCL = tcl85.lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCLSTUB
LIBTCLSTUB = tclstub85.lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCLPATH
LIBTCLPATH = c:\tcl\bin
!ENDIF

# The locations of the ICU header and library files.  These variables
................................................................................

# This is the command to use for tclsh - normally just "tclsh", but we may
# know the specific version we want to use.  This variable (TCLSH_CMD) may be
# overridden via the environment prior to running nmake in order to select a
# specific Tcl shell to use.
#
!IFNDEF TCLSH_CMD
TCLSH_CMD = tclsh85
!ENDIF
# <</mark>>

# Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.
#
!IFNDEF READLINE_FLAGS
READLINE_FLAGS = -DHAVE_READLINE=0
................................................................................

# If optimizations are enabled or disabled (either implicitly or
# explicitly), add the necessary flags.
#
!IF $(DEBUG)>1 || $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==0
TCC = $(TCC) -Od
BCC = $(BCC) -Od




!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)>=3
TCC = $(TCC) -Ox
BCC = $(BCC) -Ox
!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==2
TCC = $(TCC) -O2
BCC = $(BCC) -O2
!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==1
................................................................................
# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \
  $(SQLITE3H)











# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC02) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_async.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_config.c \

  $(TOP)\src\test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\percentile.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\regexp.c \

  $(TOP)\ext\misc\series.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\totype.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\wholenumber.c

# Source code to the library files needed by the test fixture
# (non-amalgamation)
................................................................................
   $(TOP)\src\os_setup.h \
   $(TOP)\src\os_win.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pager.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pcache.h \
   parse.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pragma.h \
   $(SQLITE3H) \
   $(TOP)\src\sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vxworks.h \
   $(TOP)\src\whereInt.h

................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata4.db

# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
................................................................................
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5



# Standard options to testfixture.
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra targets for the "all" target that require Tcl.
#
................................................................................

sourcetest:	srcck1.exe sqlite3.c
	srcck1.exe sqlite3.c

fuzzershell.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)




fuzzcheck.exe:	$(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS) $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

mptester.exe:	$(TOP)\mptest\mptest.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS) $(TOP)\mptest\mptest.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

MPTEST1 = mptester mptest.db $(TOP)\mptest\crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2 = mptester mptest.db $(TOP)\mptest\multiwrite01.test --repeat 20

................................................................................

# This target creates a directory named "tsrc" and fills it with
# copies of all of the C source code and header files needed to
# build on the target system.  Some of the C source code and header
# files are automatically generated.  This target takes care of
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC02)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC10)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC11)) do copy /Y %i tsrc

	copy /Y fts5.c tsrc
	copy /Y fts5.h tsrc
	del /Q tsrc\sqlite.h.in tsrc\parse.y 2>NUL
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) < tsrc\vdbe.c > vdbe.new
	move vdbe.new tsrc\vdbe.c
	echo > .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source sqlite3ext.h $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3c.tcl $(MKSQLITE3C_ARGS)
	copy tsrc\shell.c .
	copy $(TOP)\ext\session\sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3-all.c:	sqlite3.c $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
# <</mark>>

................................................................................

wherecode.lo:	$(TOP)\src\wherecode.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c

whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
................................................................................
	del /Q parse.y parse.h parse.h.temp 2>NUL
	copy $(TOP)\src\parse.y .
	.\lemon.exe $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) parse.y
	move parse.h parse.h.temp
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\addopcodes.tcl parse.h.temp > parse.h

$(SQLITE3H):	$(TOP)\src\sqlite.h.in $(TOP)\manifest.uuid $(TOP)\VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP:\=/) > $(SQLITE3H)

sqlite3ext.h:	.target_source





	copy tsrc\sqlite3ext.h .


mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h
................................................................................
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024


TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC1)
!ENDIF





















testfixture.exe:	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(HDR)
	$(LTLINK) -DSQLITE_NO_SYNC=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) \
		-DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) \
		$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC) \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

extensiontest:	testfixture.exe testloadext.dll
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl
	echo #define TCLSH 2 > $@
	echo #define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1 >> $@
	copy $@ + $(SQLITE3C) + $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $@
	echo static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){ >> $@
	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\tostr.tcl $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@
................................................................................
	del /Q lemon.* lempar.c parse.* 2>NUL
	del /Q mkkeywordhash.* keywordhash.h 2>NUL
	del /Q notasharedlib.* 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S .deps 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S .libs 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	del /Q .target_source 2>NUL
	del /Q tclsqlite3.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q testloadext.dll 2>NUL
	del /Q testfixture.exe test.db 2>NUL
	del /Q LogEst.exe fts3view.exe rollback-test.exe showdb.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q changeset.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q showjournal.exe showstat4.exe showwal.exe speedtest1.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q mptester.exe wordcount.exe rbu.exe srcck1.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q sqlite3.c sqlite3-*.c 2>NUL







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# <</mark>>

# Set this non-0 to enable full warnings (-W4, etc) when compiling.
#
!IFNDEF USE_FULLWARN
USE_FULLWARN = 0
!ENDIF

# Set this non-0 to enable full runtime error checks (-RTC1, etc).  This
# has no effect if (any) optimizations are enabled.
#
!IFNDEF USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS
USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS = 0
!ENDIF

# Set this non-0 to create a SQLite amalgamation file that excludes the
# various built-in extensions.
#
!IFNDEF MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION
MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION = 0
!ENDIF

# Set this non-0 to use "stdcall" calling convention for the core library
# and shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF USE_STDCALL
USE_STDCALL = 0
!ENDIF
................................................................................
!IF $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SQLITE3EXEPDB =
!ELSE
SQLITE3EXEPDB = /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# These are the names of the customized Tcl header files used by various parts
# of this makefile when the stdcall calling convention is in use.  It is not
# used for any other purpose.
#
!IFNDEF SQLITETCLH
SQLITETCLH = sqlite_tcl.h
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF SQLITETCLDECLSH
SQLITETCLDECLSH = sqlite_tclDecls.h
!ENDIF

# These are the additional targets that the targets that integrate with the
# Tcl library should depend on when compiling, etc.
#
!IFNDEF SQLITE_TCL_DEP
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SQLITE_TCL_DEP = $(SQLITETCLDECLSH) $(SQLITETCLH)
!ELSE
SQLITE_TCL_DEP =
!ENDIF
!ENDIF
# <</mark>>

# These are the "standard" SQLite compilation options used when compiling for
# the Windows platform.
#
!IFNDEF OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS
!IF $(MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION)==0
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1
!ENDIF
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1
!ENDIF

# Should the session extension be enabled?  If so, add compilation options
# to enable it.
#
!IF $(SESSION)!=0
................................................................................
# also be noted here that building any target with these "stdcall" options
# will most likely fail if the Tcl library is also required.  This is due
# to how the Tcl library functions are declared and exported (i.e. without
# an explicit calling convention, which results in "cdecl").
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
!IF "$(PLATFORM)"=="x86"
CORE_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall
# <<mark>>
TEST_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall -DINCLUDE_SQLITE_TCL_H=1 -DSQLITE_TCLAPI=__cdecl
# <</mark>>
!ELSE
!IFNDEF PLATFORM
CORE_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall
# <<mark>>
TEST_CCONV_OPTS = -Gz -DSQLITE_CDECL=__cdecl -DSQLITE_APICALL=__stdcall -DSQLITE_CALLBACK=__stdcall -DSQLITE_SYSAPI=__stdcall -DINCLUDE_SQLITE_TCL_H=1 -DSQLITE_TCLAPI=__cdecl
# <</mark>>
!ELSE
CORE_CCONV_OPTS =
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS =
# <<mark>>
TEST_CCONV_OPTS =
# <</mark>>
!ENDIF
!ENDIF
!ELSE
CORE_CCONV_OPTS =
SHELL_CCONV_OPTS =
# <<mark>>
TEST_CCONV_OPTS =
# <</mark>>
!ENDIF

# These are additional compiler options used for the core library.
#
!IFNDEF CORE_COMPILE_OPTS
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
CORE_COMPILE_OPTS = $(CORE_CCONV_OPTS) -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllexport)
................................................................................
!ENDIF

# The mksqlite3c.tcl script accepts some options on the command
# line.  When compiling with debugging enabled, some of these
# options are necessary in order to allow debugging symbols to
# work correctly with Visual Studio when using the amalgamation.
#
!IFNDEF MKSQLITE3C_TOOL
!IF $(MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION)!=0
MKSQLITE3C_TOOL = $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3c-noext.tcl
!ELSE
MKSQLITE3C_TOOL = $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3c.tcl
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF MKSQLITE3C_ARGS
!IF $(DEBUG)>1
MKSQLITE3C_ARGS = --linemacros
!ELSE
MKSQLITE3C_ARGS =
!ENDIF
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
MKSQLITE3C_ARGS = $(MKSQLITE3C_ARGS) --useapicall
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# The mksqlite3h.tcl script accepts some options on the command line.
# When compiling with stdcall support, some of these options are
# necessary.
#
!IFNDEF MKSQLITE3H_ARGS
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
MKSQLITE3H_ARGS = --useapicall
!ELSE
MKSQLITE3H_ARGS =
!ENDIF
!ENDIF
# <</mark>>

# Define -DNDEBUG to compile without debugging (i.e., for production usage)
# Omitting the define will cause extra debugging code to be inserted and
# includes extra comments when "EXPLAIN stmt" is used.
................................................................................
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF TCLLIBDIR
TCLLIBDIR = c:\tcl\lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCL
LIBTCL = tcl86.lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCLSTUB
LIBTCLSTUB = tclstub86.lib
!ENDIF

!IFNDEF LIBTCLPATH
LIBTCLPATH = c:\tcl\bin
!ENDIF

# The locations of the ICU header and library files.  These variables
................................................................................

# This is the command to use for tclsh - normally just "tclsh", but we may
# know the specific version we want to use.  This variable (TCLSH_CMD) may be
# overridden via the environment prior to running nmake in order to select a
# specific Tcl shell to use.
#
!IFNDEF TCLSH_CMD
TCLSH_CMD = tclsh
!ENDIF
# <</mark>>

# Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.
#
!IFNDEF READLINE_FLAGS
READLINE_FLAGS = -DHAVE_READLINE=0
................................................................................

# If optimizations are enabled or disabled (either implicitly or
# explicitly), add the necessary flags.
#
!IF $(DEBUG)>1 || $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==0
TCC = $(TCC) -Od
BCC = $(BCC) -Od
!IF $(USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS)!=0
TCC = $(TCC) -RTC1
BCC = $(BCC) -RTC1
!ENDIF
!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)>=3
TCC = $(TCC) -Ox
BCC = $(BCC) -Ox
!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==2
TCC = $(TCC) -O2
BCC = $(BCC) -O2
!ELSEIF $(OPTIMIZATIONS)==1
................................................................................
# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \
  $(SQLITE3H)

# Generated Tcl header files
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SRC12 = \
  $(SQLITETCLH) \
  $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
!ELSE
SRC12 =
!ENDIF

# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC02) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_async.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_config.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_delete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\percentile.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\regexp.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\remember.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\series.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\totype.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\wholenumber.c

# Source code to the library files needed by the test fixture
# (non-amalgamation)
................................................................................
   $(TOP)\src\os_setup.h \
   $(TOP)\src\os_win.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pager.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pcache.h \
   parse.h \
   $(TOP)\src\pragma.h \
   $(SQLITE3H) \
   sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vxworks.h \
   $(TOP)\src\whereInt.h

................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata4.db \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata5.db
# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
................................................................................
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
OSSSHELL_SRC = $(TOP)\test\ossshell.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c

# Standard options to testfixture.
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra targets for the "all" target that require Tcl.
#
................................................................................

sourcetest:	srcck1.exe sqlite3.c
	srcck1.exe sqlite3.c

fuzzershell.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

fuzzcheck.exe:	$(FUZZCHECK_SRC) $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS) $(FUZZCHECK_SRC) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

ossshell.exe:	$(OSSSHELL_SRC) $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS) $(OSSSHELL_SRC) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

mptester.exe:	$(TOP)\mptest\mptest.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS) $(TOP)\mptest\mptest.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

MPTEST1 = mptester mptest.db $(TOP)\mptest\crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2 = mptester mptest.db $(TOP)\mptest\multiwrite01.test --repeat 20

................................................................................

# This target creates a directory named "tsrc" and fills it with
# copies of all of the C source code and header files needed to
# build on the target system.  Some of the C source code and header
# files are automatically generated.  This target takes care of
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC02)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC10)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC11)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC12)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	copy /Y fts5.c tsrc
	copy /Y fts5.h tsrc
	del /Q tsrc\sqlite.h.in tsrc\parse.y 2>NUL
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) < tsrc\vdbe.c > vdbe.new
	move vdbe.new tsrc\vdbe.c
	echo > .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source sqlite3ext.h $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL) $(MKSQLITE3C_ARGS)
	copy tsrc\shell.c .
	copy $(TOP)\ext\session\sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3-all.c:	sqlite3.c $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
# <</mark>>

................................................................................

wherecode.lo:	$(TOP)\src\wherecode.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c

whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
................................................................................
	del /Q parse.y parse.h parse.h.temp 2>NUL
	copy $(TOP)\src\parse.y .
	.\lemon.exe $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) parse.y
	move parse.h parse.h.temp
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\addopcodes.tcl parse.h.temp > parse.h

$(SQLITE3H):	$(TOP)\src\sqlite.h.in $(TOP)\manifest.uuid $(TOP)\VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP:\=/) > $(SQLITE3H) $(MKSQLITE3H_ARGS)

sqlite3ext.h:	.target_source
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
	type tsrc\sqlite3ext.h | $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "\(\*\)" "(SQLITE_CALLBACK *)" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "\(\*" "(SQLITE_APICALL *" > sqlite3ext.h
	copy /Y sqlite3ext.h tsrc\sqlite3ext.h
!ELSE
	copy /Y tsrc\sqlite3ext.h sqlite3ext.h
!ENDIF

mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h
................................................................................
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) $(TEST_CCONV_OPTS)

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC1)
!ENDIF

!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
sqlite_tclDecls.h:
	echo #ifndef SQLITE_TCLAPI > $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
	echo #  define SQLITE_TCLAPI >> $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
	echo #endif >> $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
	type "$(TCLINCDIR)\tclDecls.h" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "^(EXTERN(?: CONST\d+?)?\s+?[^\(]*?\s+?)Tcl_" "\1 SQLITE_TCLAPI Tcl_" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "^(EXTERN\s+?(?:void|VOID)\s+?)TclFreeObj" "\1 SQLITE_TCLAPI TclFreeObj" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "\(\*tcl_" "(SQLITE_TCLAPI *tcl_" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "\(\*tclFreeObj" "(SQLITE_TCLAPI *tclFreeObj" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "\(\*" "(SQLITE_TCLAPI *" >> $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)

sqlite_tcl.h:
	type "$(TCLINCDIR)\tcl.h" | $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl exact tclDecls.h sqlite_tclDecls.h \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl regsub "typedef (.*?)\(Tcl_" "typedef \1 (SQLITE_TCLAPI Tcl_" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl exact "void (*freeProc)" "void (SQLITE_TCLAPI *freeProc)" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl exact "Tcl_HashEntry *(*findProc)" "Tcl_HashEntry *(SQLITE_TCLAPI *findProc)" \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl exact "Tcl_HashEntry *(*createProc)" "Tcl_HashEntry *(SQLITE_TCLAPI *createProc)" >> $(SQLITETCLH)
!ENDIF

testfixture.exe:	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTLINK) -DSQLITE_NO_SYNC=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) \
		-DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) \
		$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC) \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

extensiontest:	testfixture.exe testloadext.dll
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	echo #define TCLSH 2 > $@
	echo #define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1 >> $@
	copy $@ + $(SQLITE3C) + $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $@
	echo static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){ >> $@
	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\tostr.tcl $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@
................................................................................
	del /Q lemon.* lempar.c parse.* 2>NUL
	del /Q mkkeywordhash.* keywordhash.h 2>NUL
	del /Q notasharedlib.* 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S .deps 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S .libs 2>NUL
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	del /Q .target_source 2>NUL
	del /Q tclsqlite3.exe $(SQLITETCLH) $(SQLITETCLDECLSH) 2>NUL
	del /Q testloadext.dll 2>NUL
	del /Q testfixture.exe test.db 2>NUL
	del /Q LogEst.exe fts3view.exe rollback-test.exe showdb.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q changeset.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q showjournal.exe showstat4.exe showwal.exe speedtest1.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q mptester.exe wordcount.exe rbu.exe srcck1.exe 2>NUL
	del /Q sqlite3.c sqlite3-*.c 2>NUL

Changes to VERSION.

1
3.15.0
|
1
3.17.0

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.msc.

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# Set this non-0 to enable full runtime error checks (-RTC1, etc).  This
# has no effect if (any) optimizations are enabled.
#
!IFNDEF USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS
USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS = 0
!ENDIF








# Set this non-0 to use "stdcall" calling convention for the core library
# and shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF USE_STDCALL
USE_STDCALL = 0
!ENDIF
................................................................................
!IFNDEF SQLITE3EXEPDB
!IF $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SQLITE3EXEPDB =
!ELSE
SQLITE3EXEPDB = /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb
!ENDIF
!ENDIF


# These are the "standard" SQLite compilation options used when compiling for
# the Windows platform.
#
!IFNDEF OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS

OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1

OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1
!ENDIF

# Should the session extension be enabled?  If so, add compilation options
# to enable it.
#
!IF $(SESSION)!=0







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







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>


>







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# Set this non-0 to enable full runtime error checks (-RTC1, etc).  This
# has no effect if (any) optimizations are enabled.
#
!IFNDEF USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS
USE_RUNTIME_CHECKS = 0
!ENDIF

# Set this non-0 to create a SQLite amalgamation file that excludes the
# various built-in extensions.
#
!IFNDEF MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION
MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION = 0
!ENDIF

# Set this non-0 to use "stdcall" calling convention for the core library
# and shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF USE_STDCALL
USE_STDCALL = 0
!ENDIF
................................................................................
!IFNDEF SQLITE3EXEPDB
!IF $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SQLITE3EXEPDB =
!ELSE
SQLITE3EXEPDB = /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb
!ENDIF
!ENDIF


# These are the "standard" SQLite compilation options used when compiling for
# the Windows platform.
#
!IFNDEF OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS
!IF $(MINIMAL_AMALGAMATION)==0
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1
!ENDIF
OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS = $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1
!ENDIF

# Should the session extension be enabled?  If so, add compilation options
# to enable it.
#
!IF $(SESSION)!=0

Changes to configure.

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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.15.0.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.15.0'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.15.0'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.15.0 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.15.0:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.15.0
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.15.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
if test "${enable_debug+set}" = set; then :
  enableval=$enable_debug; use_debug=$enableval
else
  use_debug=no
fi

if test "${use_debug}" = "yes" ; then
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DSQLITE_DEBUG=1"
else
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DNDEBUG"
fi


#########
# See whether we should use the amalgamation to build
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.15.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.15.0
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.17.0.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.17.0'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.17.0'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.17.0 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.17.0:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.17.0
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.17.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
if test "${enable_debug+set}" = set; then :
  enableval=$enable_debug; use_debug=$enableval
else
  use_debug=no
fi

if test "${use_debug}" = "yes" ; then
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DSQLITE_DEBUG=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE"
else
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DNDEBUG"
fi


#########
# See whether we should use the amalgamation to build
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.17.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.17.0
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to configure.ac.

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AC_SEARCH_LIBS(fdatasync, [rt])

#########
# check for debug enabled
AC_ARG_ENABLE(debug, AC_HELP_STRING([--enable-debug],[enable debugging & verbose explain]),
      [use_debug=$enableval],[use_debug=no])
if test "${use_debug}" = "yes" ; then
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DSQLITE_DEBUG=1"
else
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DNDEBUG"
fi
AC_SUBST(TARGET_DEBUG)

#########
# See whether we should use the amalgamation to build







|







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AC_SEARCH_LIBS(fdatasync, [rt])

#########
# check for debug enabled
AC_ARG_ENABLE(debug, AC_HELP_STRING([--enable-debug],[enable debugging & verbose explain]),
      [use_debug=$enableval],[use_debug=no])
if test "${use_debug}" = "yes" ; then
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DSQLITE_DEBUG=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE"
else
  TARGET_DEBUG="-DNDEBUG"
fi
AC_SUBST(TARGET_DEBUG)

#########
# See whether we should use the amalgamation to build

Changes to doc/lemon.html.

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<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is useable by
"%ifdef" lines in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
output with all comments, actions, and other extraneous text removed.
<li><b>-l</b>
Omit "#line" directives int the generated parser C code.
<li><b>-m</b>
Cause the output C source code to be compatible with the "makeheaders"
program. 
<li><b>-p</b>
Display all conflicts that are resolved by 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>.
<li><b>-q</b>
................................................................................
token structure.  Like this:</p>

<p><pre>
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is "int".</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type  of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse-tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>







|







 







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<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
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"%ifdef" lines in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
output with all comments, actions, and other extraneous text removed.
<li><b>-l</b>
Omit "#line" directives in the generated parser C code.
<li><b>-m</b>
Cause the output C source code to be compatible with the "makeheaders"
program. 
<li><b>-p</b>
Display all conflicts that are resolved by 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>.
<li><b>-q</b>
................................................................................
token structure.  Like this:</p>

<p><pre>
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is "void*".</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type  of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse-tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_aux.c.

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      rc = fts5CInstIterNext(&p->iter);
    }
  }

  if( p->iRangeEnd>0 && iPos==p->iRangeEnd ){
    fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, p, &p->zIn[p->iOff], iEndOff - p->iOff);
    p->iOff = iEndOff;
    if( iPos<p->iter.iEnd ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, p, p->zClose, -1);
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }
}
/*
** End of highlight() implementation.
**************************************************************************/

















































































































/*
** Implementation of snippet() function.
*/
static void fts5SnippetFunction(
  const Fts5ExtensionApi *pApi,   /* API offered by current FTS version */
  Fts5Context *pFts,              /* First arg to pass to pApi functions */
................................................................................
  int nToken;                     /* 5th argument to snippet() */
  int nInst = 0;                  /* Number of instance matches this row */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through instances */
  int nPhrase;                    /* Number of phrases in query */
  unsigned char *aSeen;           /* Array of "seen instance" flags */
  int iBestCol;                   /* Column containing best snippet */
  int iBestStart = 0;             /* First token of best snippet */
  int iBestLast;                  /* Last token of best snippet */
  int nBestScore = 0;             /* Score of best snippet */
  int nColSize = 0;               /* Total size of iBestCol in tokens */



  if( nVal!=5 ){
    const char *zErr = "wrong number of arguments to function snippet()";
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErr, -1);
    return;
  }


  memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(HighlightContext));
  iCol = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[0]);
  ctx.zOpen = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  ctx.zClose = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[2]);
  zEllips = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[3]);
  nToken = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[4]);
  iBestLast = nToken-1;

  iBestCol = (iCol>=0 ? iCol : 0);
  nPhrase = pApi->xPhraseCount(pFts);
  aSeen = sqlite3_malloc(nPhrase);
  if( aSeen==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pApi->xInstCount(pFts, &nInst);
  }


















  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nInst; i++){
    int ip, iSnippetCol, iStart;
    memset(aSeen, 0, nPhrase);
    rc = pApi->xInst(pFts, i, &ip, &iSnippetCol, &iStart);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (iCol<0 || iSnippetCol==iCol) ){

      int nScore = 1000;
      int iLast = iStart - 1 + pApi->xPhraseSize(pFts, ip);
      int j;
      aSeen[ip] = 1;

      for(j=i+1; rc==SQLITE_OK && j<nInst; j++){
        int ic; int io; int iFinal;
        rc = pApi->xInst(pFts, j, &ip, &ic, &io);
        iFinal = io + pApi->xPhraseSize(pFts, ip) - 1;





        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && ic==iSnippetCol && iLast<iStart+nToken ){
          nScore += aSeen[ip] ? 1000 : 1;
          aSeen[ip] = 1;
          if( iFinal>iLast ) iLast = iFinal;




        }
      }












      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nScore>nBestScore ){

        iBestCol = iSnippetCol;
        iBestStart = iStart;
        iBestLast = iLast;
        nBestScore = nScore;




      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pApi->xColumnSize(pFts, iBestCol, &nColSize);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pApi->xColumnText(pFts, iBestCol, &ctx.zIn, &ctx.nIn);
  }
  if( ctx.zIn ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = fts5CInstIterInit(pApi, pFts, iBestCol, &ctx.iter);
    }

    if( (iBestStart+nToken-1)>iBestLast ){
      iBestStart -= (iBestStart+nToken-1-iBestLast) / 2;
    }
    if( iBestStart+nToken>nColSize ){
      iBestStart = nColSize - nToken;
    }
    if( iBestStart<0 ) iBestStart = 0;

    ctx.iRangeStart = iBestStart;
    ctx.iRangeEnd = iBestStart + nToken - 1;

    if( iBestStart>0 ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, zEllips, -1);
    }







    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pApi->xTokenize(pFts, ctx.zIn, ctx.nIn, (void*)&ctx,fts5HighlightCb);
    }
    if( ctx.iRangeEnd>=(nColSize-1) ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, &ctx.zIn[ctx.iOff], ctx.nIn - ctx.iOff);
    }else{
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, zEllips, -1);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, (const char*)ctx.zOut, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
    }
    sqlite3_free(ctx.zOut);
  }
  sqlite3_free(aSeen);

}

/************************************************************************/

/*
** The first time the bm25() function is called for a query, an instance
** of the following structure is allocated and populated.







|







 







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      rc = fts5CInstIterNext(&p->iter);
    }
  }

  if( p->iRangeEnd>0 && iPos==p->iRangeEnd ){
    fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, p, &p->zIn[p->iOff], iEndOff - p->iOff);
    p->iOff = iEndOff;
    if( iPos>=p->iter.iStart && iPos<p->iter.iEnd ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, p, p->zClose, -1);
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }
}
/*
** End of highlight() implementation.
**************************************************************************/

/*
** Context object passed to the fts5SentenceFinderCb() function.
*/
typedef struct Fts5SFinder Fts5SFinder;
struct Fts5SFinder {
  int iPos;                       /* Current token position */
  int nFirstAlloc;                /* Allocated size of aFirst[] */
  int nFirst;                     /* Number of entries in aFirst[] */
  int *aFirst;                    /* Array of first token in each sentence */
  const char *zDoc;               /* Document being tokenized */
};

/*
** Add an entry to the Fts5SFinder.aFirst[] array. Grow the array if
** necessary. Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or SQLITE_NOMEM if an
** error occurs.
*/
static int fts5SentenceFinderAdd(Fts5SFinder *p, int iAdd){
  if( p->nFirstAlloc==p->nFirst ){
    int nNew = p->nFirstAlloc ? p->nFirstAlloc*2 : 64;
    int *aNew;

    aNew = (int*)sqlite3_realloc(p->aFirst, nNew*sizeof(int));
    if( aNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    p->aFirst = aNew;
    p->nFirstAlloc = nNew;
  }
  p->aFirst[p->nFirst++] = iAdd;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is an xTokenize() callback used by the auxiliary snippet()
** function. Its job is to identify tokens that are the first in a sentence.
** For each such token, an entry is added to the SFinder.aFirst[] array.
*/
static int fts5SentenceFinderCb(
  void *pContext,                 /* Pointer to HighlightContext object */
  int tflags,                     /* Mask of FTS5_TOKEN_* flags */
  const char *pToken,             /* Buffer containing token */
  int nToken,                     /* Size of token in bytes */
  int iStartOff,                  /* Start offset of token */
  int iEndOff                     /* End offset of token */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  UNUSED_PARAM2(pToken, nToken);
  UNUSED_PARAM(iEndOff);

  if( (tflags & FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED)==0 ){
    Fts5SFinder *p = (Fts5SFinder*)pContext;
    if( p->iPos>0 ){
      int i;
      char c = 0;
      for(i=iStartOff-1; i>=0; i--){
        c = p->zDoc[i];
        if( c!=' ' && c!='\t' && c!='\n' && c!='\r' ) break;
      }
      if( i!=iStartOff-1 && (c=='.' || c==':') ){
        rc = fts5SentenceFinderAdd(p, p->iPos);
      }
    }else{
      rc = fts5SentenceFinderAdd(p, 0);
    }
    p->iPos++;
  }
  return rc;
}

static int fts5SnippetScore(
  const Fts5ExtensionApi *pApi,   /* API offered by current FTS version */
  Fts5Context *pFts,              /* First arg to pass to pApi functions */
  int nDocsize,                   /* Size of column in tokens */
  unsigned char *aSeen,           /* Array with one element per query phrase */
  int iCol,                       /* Column to score */
  int iPos,                       /* Starting offset to score */
  int nToken,                     /* Max tokens per snippet */
  int *pnScore,                   /* OUT: Score */
  int *piPos                      /* OUT: Adjusted offset */
){
  int rc;
  int i;
  int ip = 0;
  int ic = 0;
  int iOff = 0;
  int iFirst = -1;
  int nInst;
  int nScore = 0;
  int iLast = 0;

  rc = pApi->xInstCount(pFts, &nInst);
  for(i=0; i<nInst && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = pApi->xInst(pFts, i, &ip, &ic, &iOff);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && ic==iCol && iOff>=iPos && iOff<(iPos+nToken) ){
      nScore += (aSeen[ip] ? 1 : 1000);
      aSeen[ip] = 1;
      if( iFirst<0 ) iFirst = iOff;
      iLast = iOff + pApi->xPhraseSize(pFts, ip);
    }
  }

  *pnScore = nScore;
  if( piPos ){
    int iAdj = iFirst - (nToken - (iLast-iFirst)) / 2;
    if( (iAdj+nToken)>nDocsize ) iAdj = nDocsize - nToken;
    if( iAdj<0 ) iAdj = 0;
    *piPos = iAdj;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of snippet() function.
*/
static void fts5SnippetFunction(
  const Fts5ExtensionApi *pApi,   /* API offered by current FTS version */
  Fts5Context *pFts,              /* First arg to pass to pApi functions */
................................................................................
  int nToken;                     /* 5th argument to snippet() */
  int nInst = 0;                  /* Number of instance matches this row */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through instances */
  int nPhrase;                    /* Number of phrases in query */
  unsigned char *aSeen;           /* Array of "seen instance" flags */
  int iBestCol;                   /* Column containing best snippet */
  int iBestStart = 0;             /* First token of best snippet */

  int nBestScore = 0;             /* Score of best snippet */
  int nColSize = 0;               /* Total size of iBestCol in tokens */
  Fts5SFinder sFinder;            /* Used to find the beginnings of sentences */
  int nCol;

  if( nVal!=5 ){
    const char *zErr = "wrong number of arguments to function snippet()";
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErr, -1);
    return;
  }

  nCol = pApi->xColumnCount(pFts);
  memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(HighlightContext));
  iCol = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[0]);
  ctx.zOpen = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  ctx.zClose = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[2]);
  zEllips = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[3]);
  nToken = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[4]);


  iBestCol = (iCol>=0 ? iCol : 0);
  nPhrase = pApi->xPhraseCount(pFts);
  aSeen = sqlite3_malloc(nPhrase);
  if( aSeen==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pApi->xInstCount(pFts, &nInst);
  }

  memset(&sFinder, 0, sizeof(Fts5SFinder));
  for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
    if( iCol<0 || iCol==i ){
      int nDoc;
      int nDocsize;
      int ii;
      sFinder.iPos = 0;
      sFinder.nFirst = 0;
      rc = pApi->xColumnText(pFts, i, &sFinder.zDoc, &nDoc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      rc = pApi->xTokenize(pFts, 
          sFinder.zDoc, nDoc, (void*)&sFinder,fts5SentenceFinderCb
      );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      rc = pApi->xColumnSize(pFts, i, &nDocsize);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      for(ii=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ii<nInst; ii++){
        int ip, ic, io;



        int iAdj;
        int nScore;

        int jj;




        rc = pApi->xInst(pFts, ii, &ip, &ic, &io);

        if( ic!=i || rc!=SQLITE_OK ) continue;
        memset(aSeen, 0, nPhrase);
        rc = fts5SnippetScore(pApi, pFts, nDocsize, aSeen, i,
            io, nToken, &nScore, &iAdj
        );
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nScore>nBestScore ){



          nBestScore = nScore;
          iBestCol = i;
          iBestStart = iAdj;
          nColSize = nDocsize;
        }

        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sFinder.nFirst && nDocsize>nToken ){
          for(jj=0; jj<(sFinder.nFirst-1); jj++){
            if( sFinder.aFirst[jj+1]>io ) break;
          }

          if( sFinder.aFirst[jj]<io ){
            memset(aSeen, 0, nPhrase);
            rc = fts5SnippetScore(pApi, pFts, nDocsize, aSeen, i, 
              sFinder.aFirst[jj], nToken, &nScore, 0
            );

            nScore += (sFinder.aFirst[jj]==0 ? 120 : 100);
            if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nScore>nBestScore ){
              nBestScore = nScore;
              iBestCol = i;
              iBestStart = sFinder.aFirst[jj];


              nColSize = nDocsize;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pApi->xColumnText(pFts, iBestCol, &ctx.zIn, &ctx.nIn);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nColSize==0 ){
    rc = pApi->xColumnSize(pFts, iBestCol, &nColSize);
  }
  if( ctx.zIn ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = fts5CInstIterInit(pApi, pFts, iBestCol, &ctx.iter);
    }









    ctx.iRangeStart = iBestStart;
    ctx.iRangeEnd = iBestStart + nToken - 1;

    if( iBestStart>0 ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, zEllips, -1);
    }

    /* Advance iterator ctx.iter so that it points to the first coalesced
    ** phrase instance at or following position iBestStart. */
    while( ctx.iter.iStart>=0 && ctx.iter.iStart<iBestStart && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = fts5CInstIterNext(&ctx.iter);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pApi->xTokenize(pFts, ctx.zIn, ctx.nIn, (void*)&ctx,fts5HighlightCb);
    }
    if( ctx.iRangeEnd>=(nColSize-1) ){
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, &ctx.zIn[ctx.iOff], ctx.nIn - ctx.iOff);
    }else{
      fts5HighlightAppend(&rc, &ctx, zEllips, -1);
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, (const char*)ctx.zOut, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }
  sqlite3_free(ctx.zOut);

  sqlite3_free(aSeen);
  sqlite3_free(sFinder.aFirst);
}

/************************************************************************/

/*
** The first time the bm25() function is called for a query, an instance
** of the following structure is allocated and populated.

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_expr.c.

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}


/*
** Initialize all term iterators in the pNear object. If any term is found
** to match no documents at all, return immediately without initializing any
** further iterators.




*/
static int fts5ExprNearInitAll(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr,
  Fts5ExprNode *pNode
){
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear = pNode->pNear;
  int i, j;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pNode->bNomatch==0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
    Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pNear->apPhrase[i];





    for(j=0; j<pPhrase->nTerm; j++){
      Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm = &pPhrase->aTerm[j];
      Fts5ExprTerm *p;
      int bEof = 1;

      for(p=pTerm; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pSynonym){


        if( p->pIter ){
          sqlite3Fts5IterClose(p->pIter);
          p->pIter = 0;
        }
        rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(
            pExpr->pIndex, p->zTerm, (int)strlen(p->zTerm),
            (pTerm->bPrefix ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_PREFIX : 0) |
            (pExpr->bDesc ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC : 0),
            pNear->pColset,
            &p->pIter
        );
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || p->pIter==0 );


        if( p->pIter && 0==sqlite3Fts5IterEof(p->pIter) ){
          bEof = 0;

        }
      }

      if( bEof ){
        pNode->bEof = 1;
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }



  return rc;
}

/*
** If pExpr is an ASC iterator, this function returns a value with the
** same sign as:
**
**   (iLhs - iRhs)
................................................................................
          if( fts5ExprSynonymAdvanceto(pTerm, bDesc, &iLast, &rc) ){
            pNode->bNomatch = 0;
            pNode->bEof = 1;
            return rc;
          }
        }else{
          Fts5IndexIter *pIter = pPhrase->aTerm[j].pIter;
          if( pIter->iRowid==iLast ) continue;
          bMatch = 0;
          if( fts5ExprAdvanceto(pIter, bDesc, &iLast, &rc, &pNode->bEof) ){
            return rc;
          }
        }
      }
    }
................................................................................

  p->pIndex = pIdx;
  p->bDesc = bDesc;
  rc = fts5ExprNodeFirst(p, pRoot);

  /* If not at EOF but the current rowid occurs earlier than iFirst in
  ** the iteration order, move to document iFirst or later. */


  if( pRoot->bEof==0 && fts5RowidCmp(p, pRoot->iRowid, iFirst)<0 ){

    rc = fts5ExprNodeNext(p, pRoot, 1, iFirst);
  }

  /* If the iterator is not at a real match, skip forward until it is. */
  while( pRoot->bNomatch ){
    assert( pRoot->bEof==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = fts5ExprNodeNext(p, pRoot, 0, 0);
................................................................................
int sqlite3Fts5ExprClonePhrase(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr, 
  int iPhrase, 
  Fts5Expr **ppNew
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pOrig;          /* The phrase extracted from pExpr */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through phrase terms */
  Fts5Expr *pNew = 0;             /* Expression to return via *ppNew */
  TokenCtx sCtx = {0,0};          /* Context object for fts5ParseTokenize */

  pOrig = pExpr->apExprPhrase[iPhrase];
  pNew = (Fts5Expr*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, sizeof(Fts5Expr));
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew->apExprPhrase = (Fts5ExprPhrase**)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, 
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew->pRoot->pNear = (Fts5ExprNearset*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, 
        sizeof(Fts5ExprNearset) + sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase*));
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5Colset *pColsetOrig = pOrig->pNode->pNear->pColset;
    if( pColsetOrig ){
      int nByte = sizeof(Fts5Colset) + pColsetOrig->nCol * sizeof(int);
      Fts5Colset *pColset = (Fts5Colset*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, nByte);
      if( pColset ){ 
        memcpy(pColset, pColsetOrig, nByte);
      }
      pNew->pRoot->pNear->pColset = pColset;
    }
  }



  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pOrig->nTerm; i++){
    int tflags = 0;
    Fts5ExprTerm *p;
    for(p=&pOrig->aTerm[i]; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pSynonym){
      const char *zTerm = p->zTerm;
      rc = fts5ParseTokenize((void*)&sCtx, tflags, zTerm, (int)strlen(zTerm),
          0, 0);
      tflags = FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sCtx.pPhrase->aTerm[i].bPrefix = pOrig->aTerm[i].bPrefix;
    }





  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* All the allocations succeeded. Put the expression object together. */
    pNew->pIndex = pExpr->pIndex;
    pNew->pConfig = pExpr->pConfig;
    pNew->nPhrase = 1;







>
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}


/*
** Initialize all term iterators in the pNear object. If any term is found
** to match no documents at all, return immediately without initializing any
** further iterators.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return
** SQLITE_OK. It is not considered an error if some term matches zero
** documents.
*/
static int fts5ExprNearInitAll(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr,
  Fts5ExprNode *pNode
){
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear = pNode->pNear;
  int i;


  assert( pNode->bNomatch==0 );
  for(i=0; i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
    Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pNear->apPhrase[i];
    if( pPhrase->nTerm==0 ){
      pNode->bEof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      int j;
      for(j=0; j<pPhrase->nTerm; j++){
        Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm = &pPhrase->aTerm[j];
        Fts5ExprTerm *p;
        int bHit = 0;


        for(p=pTerm; p; p=p->pSynonym){
          int rc;
          if( p->pIter ){
            sqlite3Fts5IterClose(p->pIter);
            p->pIter = 0;
          }
          rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(
              pExpr->pIndex, p->zTerm, (int)strlen(p->zTerm),
              (pTerm->bPrefix ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_PREFIX : 0) |
              (pExpr->bDesc ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC : 0),
              pNear->pColset,
              &p->pIter
          );

          assert( (rc==SQLITE_OK)==(p->pIter!=0) );
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
          if( 0==sqlite3Fts5IterEof(p->pIter) ){

            bHit = 1;
          }
        }

        if( bHit==0 ){
          pNode->bEof = 1;
          return SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  pNode->bEof = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If pExpr is an ASC iterator, this function returns a value with the
** same sign as:
**
**   (iLhs - iRhs)
................................................................................
          if( fts5ExprSynonymAdvanceto(pTerm, bDesc, &iLast, &rc) ){
            pNode->bNomatch = 0;
            pNode->bEof = 1;
            return rc;
          }
        }else{
          Fts5IndexIter *pIter = pPhrase->aTerm[j].pIter;
          if( pIter->iRowid==iLast || pIter->bEof ) continue;
          bMatch = 0;
          if( fts5ExprAdvanceto(pIter, bDesc, &iLast, &rc, &pNode->bEof) ){
            return rc;
          }
        }
      }
    }
................................................................................

  p->pIndex = pIdx;
  p->bDesc = bDesc;
  rc = fts5ExprNodeFirst(p, pRoot);

  /* If not at EOF but the current rowid occurs earlier than iFirst in
  ** the iteration order, move to document iFirst or later. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK 
   && 0==pRoot->bEof 
   && fts5RowidCmp(p, pRoot->iRowid, iFirst)<0 
  ){
    rc = fts5ExprNodeNext(p, pRoot, 1, iFirst);
  }

  /* If the iterator is not at a real match, skip forward until it is. */
  while( pRoot->bNomatch ){
    assert( pRoot->bEof==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = fts5ExprNodeNext(p, pRoot, 0, 0);
................................................................................
int sqlite3Fts5ExprClonePhrase(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr, 
  int iPhrase, 
  Fts5Expr **ppNew
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pOrig;          /* The phrase extracted from pExpr */

  Fts5Expr *pNew = 0;             /* Expression to return via *ppNew */
  TokenCtx sCtx = {0,0};          /* Context object for fts5ParseTokenize */

  pOrig = pExpr->apExprPhrase[iPhrase];
  pNew = (Fts5Expr*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, sizeof(Fts5Expr));
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew->apExprPhrase = (Fts5ExprPhrase**)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, 
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew->pRoot->pNear = (Fts5ExprNearset*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, 
        sizeof(Fts5ExprNearset) + sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase*));
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5Colset *pColsetOrig = pOrig->pNode->pNear->pColset;
    if( pColsetOrig ){
      int nByte = sizeof(Fts5Colset) + (pColsetOrig->nCol-1) * sizeof(int);
      Fts5Colset *pColset = (Fts5Colset*)sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, nByte);
      if( pColset ){ 
        memcpy(pColset, pColsetOrig, nByte);
      }
      pNew->pRoot->pNear->pColset = pColset;
    }
  }

  if( pOrig->nTerm ){
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through phrase terms */
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pOrig->nTerm; i++){
      int tflags = 0;
      Fts5ExprTerm *p;
      for(p=&pOrig->aTerm[i]; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pSynonym){
        const char *zTerm = p->zTerm;
        rc = fts5ParseTokenize((void*)&sCtx, tflags, zTerm, (int)strlen(zTerm),
            0, 0);
        tflags = FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED;
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sCtx.pPhrase->aTerm[i].bPrefix = pOrig->aTerm[i].bPrefix;
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* This happens when parsing a token or quoted phrase that contains
    ** no token characters at all. (e.g ... MATCH '""'). */
    sCtx.pPhrase = sqlite3Fts5MallocZero(&rc, sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase));
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* All the allocations succeeded. Put the expression object together. */
    pNew->pIndex = pExpr->pIndex;
    pNew->pConfig = pExpr->pConfig;
    pNew->nPhrase = 1;

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_index.c.

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5820
5821
5822
5823
    p->nRead++;
  }

  assert( (pRet==0)==(p->rc!=SQLITE_OK) );
  return pRet;
}


/*
** Release a reference to data record returned by an earlier call to
** fts5DataRead().
*/
static void fts5DataRelease(Fts5Data *pData){
  sqlite3_free(pData);
}













static int fts5IndexPrepareStmt(
  Fts5Index *p,
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,
  char *zSql
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg = pIter->pSeg;
  fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  pIter->iLeafPgno++;
  if( pIter->pNextLeaf ){
    pIter->pLeaf = pIter->pNextLeaf;
    pIter->pNextLeaf = 0;
  }else if( pIter->iLeafPgno<=pSeg->pgnoLast ){
    pIter->pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, 
        FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iSegid, pIter->iLeafPgno)
    );
  }else{
    pIter->pLeaf = 0;
  }
  pLeaf = pIter->pLeaf;

................................................................................
      if( (iOff = fts5LeafFirstRowidOff(pLeaf)) && iOff<pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        iOff += sqlite3Fts5GetVarint(&pLeaf->p[iOff], (u64*)&pIter->iRowid);
        pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;

        if( pLeaf->nn>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
          pIter->iPgidxOff = pLeaf->szLeaf + fts5GetVarint32(
              &pLeaf->p[pLeaf->szLeaf], pIter->iEndofDoclist
              );
        }

      }
      else if( pLeaf->nn>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        pIter->iPgidxOff = pLeaf->szLeaf + fts5GetVarint32(
            &pLeaf->p[pLeaf->szLeaf], iOff
            );
        pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
        pIter->iEndofDoclist = iOff;
        bNewTerm = 1;
      }
      assert_nc( iOff<pLeaf->szLeaf );
      if( iOff>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
................................................................................
      ** code is inlined. 
      **
      ** Later: Switched back to fts5SegIterLoadNPos() because it supports
      ** detail=none mode. Not ideal.
      */
      int nSz;
      assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );

      fts5FastGetVarint32(pIter->pLeaf->p, pIter->iLeafOffset, nSz);
      pIter->bDel = (nSz & 0x0001);
      pIter->nPos = nSz>>1;
      assert_nc( pIter->nPos>=0 );
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
      bEndOfPage = 1;
      break;
    }

    iPgidx += fts5GetVarint32(&a[iPgidx], nKeep);
    iTermOff += nKeep;
    iOff = iTermOff;






    /* Read the nKeep field of the next term. */
    fts5FastGetVarint32(a, iOff, nKeep);
  }

 search_failed:
  if( bGe==0 ){
................................................................................
static void fts5MultiIterNext(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5Iter *pIter,
  int bFrom,                      /* True if argument iFrom is valid */
  i64 iFrom                       /* Advance at least as far as this */
){
  int bUseFrom = bFrom;

  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iFirst = pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst;
    int bNewTerm = 0;
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[iFirst];
    assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
    if( bUseFrom && pSeg->pDlidx ){
      fts5SegIterNextFrom(p, pSeg, iFrom);
................................................................................
    xChunk(p, pCtx, pChunk, nChunk);
    nRem -= nChunk;
    fts5DataRelease(pData);
    if( nRem<=0 ){
      break;
    }else{
      pgno++;
      pData = fts5DataRead(p, FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->pSeg->iSegid, pgno));
      if( pData==0 ) break;
      pChunk = &pData->p[4];
      nChunk = MIN(nRem, pData->szLeaf - 4);
      if( pgno==pgnoSave ){
        assert( pSeg->pNextLeaf==0 );
        pSeg->pNextLeaf = pData;
        pData = 0;
................................................................................
    int iIdxLeaf = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 2);
    int bIdxDlidx = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 3);

    /* If the leaf in question has already been trimmed from the segment, 
    ** ignore this b-tree entry. Otherwise, load it into memory. */
    if( iIdxLeaf<pSeg->pgnoFirst ) continue;
    iRow = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iSegid, iIdxLeaf);
    pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, iRow);
    if( pLeaf==0 ) break;

    /* Check that the leaf contains at least one term, and that it is equal
    ** to or larger than the split-key in zIdxTerm.  Also check that if there
    ** is also a rowid pointer within the leaf page header, it points to a
    ** location before the term.  */
    if( pLeaf->nn<=pLeaf->szLeaf ){







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    p->nRead++;
  }

  assert( (pRet==0)==(p->rc!=SQLITE_OK) );
  return pRet;
}


/*
** Release a reference to data record returned by an earlier call to
** fts5DataRead().
*/
static void fts5DataRelease(Fts5Data *pData){
  sqlite3_free(pData);
}

static Fts5Data *fts5LeafRead(Fts5Index *p, i64 iRowid){
  Fts5Data *pRet = fts5DataRead(p, iRowid);
  if( pRet ){
    if( pRet->szLeaf>pRet->nn ){
      p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
      fts5DataRelease(pRet);
      pRet = 0;
    }
  }
  return pRet;
}

static int fts5IndexPrepareStmt(
  Fts5Index *p,
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,
  char *zSql
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg = pIter->pSeg;
  fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  pIter->iLeafPgno++;
  if( pIter->pNextLeaf ){
    pIter->pLeaf = pIter->pNextLeaf;
    pIter->pNextLeaf = 0;
  }else if( pIter->iLeafPgno<=pSeg->pgnoLast ){
    pIter->pLeaf = fts5LeafRead(p, 
        FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iSegid, pIter->iLeafPgno)
    );
  }else{
    pIter->pLeaf = 0;
  }
  pLeaf = pIter->pLeaf;

................................................................................
      if( (iOff = fts5LeafFirstRowidOff(pLeaf)) && iOff<pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        iOff += sqlite3Fts5GetVarint(&pLeaf->p[iOff], (u64*)&pIter->iRowid);
        pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;

        if( pLeaf->nn>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
          pIter->iPgidxOff = pLeaf->szLeaf + fts5GetVarint32(
              &pLeaf->p[pLeaf->szLeaf], pIter->iEndofDoclist
          );
        }

      }
      else if( pLeaf->nn>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        pIter->iPgidxOff = pLeaf->szLeaf + fts5GetVarint32(
            &pLeaf->p[pLeaf->szLeaf], iOff
        );
        pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
        pIter->iEndofDoclist = iOff;
        bNewTerm = 1;
      }
      assert_nc( iOff<pLeaf->szLeaf );
      if( iOff>pLeaf->szLeaf ){
        p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
................................................................................
      ** code is inlined. 
      **
      ** Later: Switched back to fts5SegIterLoadNPos() because it supports
      ** detail=none mode. Not ideal.
      */
      int nSz;
      assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( pIter->iLeafOffset<=pIter->pLeaf->nn );
      fts5FastGetVarint32(pIter->pLeaf->p, pIter->iLeafOffset, nSz);
      pIter->bDel = (nSz & 0x0001);
      pIter->nPos = nSz>>1;
      assert_nc( pIter->nPos>=0 );
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
      bEndOfPage = 1;
      break;
    }

    iPgidx += fts5GetVarint32(&a[iPgidx], nKeep);
    iTermOff += nKeep;
    iOff = iTermOff;

    if( iOff>=n ){
      p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
      return;
    }

    /* Read the nKeep field of the next term. */
    fts5FastGetVarint32(a, iOff, nKeep);
  }

 search_failed:
  if( bGe==0 ){
................................................................................
static void fts5MultiIterNext(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5Iter *pIter,
  int bFrom,                      /* True if argument iFrom is valid */
  i64 iFrom                       /* Advance at least as far as this */
){
  int bUseFrom = bFrom;
  assert( pIter->base.bEof==0 );
  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iFirst = pIter->aFirst[1].iFirst;
    int bNewTerm = 0;
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[iFirst];
    assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
    if( bUseFrom && pSeg->pDlidx ){
      fts5SegIterNextFrom(p, pSeg, iFrom);
................................................................................
    xChunk(p, pCtx, pChunk, nChunk);
    nRem -= nChunk;
    fts5DataRelease(pData);
    if( nRem<=0 ){
      break;
    }else{
      pgno++;
      pData = fts5LeafRead(p, FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->pSeg->iSegid, pgno));
      if( pData==0 ) break;
      pChunk = &pData->p[4];
      nChunk = MIN(nRem, pData->szLeaf - 4);
      if( pgno==pgnoSave ){
        assert( pSeg->pNextLeaf==0 );
        pSeg->pNextLeaf = pData;
        pData = 0;
................................................................................
    int iIdxLeaf = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 2);
    int bIdxDlidx = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 3);

    /* If the leaf in question has already been trimmed from the segment, 
    ** ignore this b-tree entry. Otherwise, load it into memory. */
    if( iIdxLeaf<pSeg->pgnoFirst ) continue;
    iRow = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iSegid, iIdxLeaf);
    pLeaf = fts5LeafRead(p, iRow);
    if( pLeaf==0 ) break;

    /* Check that the leaf contains at least one term, and that it is equal
    ** to or larger than the split-key in zIdxTerm.  Also check that if there
    ** is also a rowid pointer within the leaf page header, it points to a
    ** location before the term.  */
    if( pLeaf->nn<=pLeaf->szLeaf ){

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_vocab.c.

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    }
    if( iTermLe>=0 ){
      idxNum |= FTS5_VOCAB_TERM_LE;
      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iTermLe].argvIndex = ++nArg;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = pInfo->estimatedCost / 2;
    }
  }

  pInfo->idxNum = idxNum;












  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xOpen method.
*/
static int fts5VocabOpenMethod(








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    }
    if( iTermLe>=0 ){
      idxNum |= FTS5_VOCAB_TERM_LE;
      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iTermLe].argvIndex = ++nArg;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = pInfo->estimatedCost / 2;
    }
  }

  /* This virtual table always delivers results in ascending order of
  ** the "term" column (column 0). So if the user has requested this
  ** specifically - "ORDER BY term" or "ORDER BY term ASC" - set the
  ** sqlite3_index_info.orderByConsumed flag to tell the core the results
  ** are already in sorted order.  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 
   && pInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn==0 
   && pInfo->aOrderBy[0].desc==0
  ){
    pInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }

  pInfo->idxNum = idxNum;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xOpen method.
*/
static int fts5VocabOpenMethod(

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5af.test.

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  1.6 {o o o o o X o} {o o o o o [X] o}
  1.7 {o o o o o o X} {o o o o o o [X]}

  2.1 {X o o o o o o o} {[X] o o o o o o...}
  2.2 {o X o o o o o o} {o [X] o o o o o...}
  2.3 {o o X o o o o o} {o o [X] o o o o...}
  2.4 {o o o X o o o o} {o o o [X] o o o...}
  2.5 {o o o o X o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o}
  2.6 {o o o o o X o o} {...o o o o [X] o o}
  2.7 {o o o o o o X o} {...o o o o o [X] o}
  2.8 {o o o o o o o X} {...o o o o o o [X]}







  3.1 {X o o o o o o o o} {[X] o o o o o o...}
  3.2 {o X o o o o o o o} {o [X] o o o o o...}
  3.3 {o o X o o o o o o} {o o [X] o o o o...}
  3.4 {o o o X o o o o o} {o o o [X] o o o...}

  3.5 {o o o o X o o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o...}
  3.6 {o o o o o X o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o}
  3.7 {o o o o o o X o o} {...o o o o [X] o o}
  3.8 {o o o o o o o X o} {...o o o o o [X] o}
  3.9 {o o o o o o o o X} {...o o o o o o [X]}

  4.1 {X o o o o o X o o} {[X] o o o o o [X]...}
  4.2 {o X o o o o o X o} {...[X] o o o o o [X]...}
  4.3 {o o X o o o o o X} {...[X] o o o o o [X]}

  5.1 {X o o o o X o o o} {[X] o o o o [X] o...}
  5.2 {o X o o o o X o o} {...[X] o o o o [X] o...}
  5.3 {o o X o o o o X o} {...[X] o o o o [X] o}
  5.4 {o o o X o o o o X} {...o [X] o o o o [X]}

  6.1 {X o o o X o o o} {[X] o o o [X] o o...}
  6.2 {o X o o o X o o o} {o [X] o o o [X] o...}
  6.3 {o o X o o o X o o} {...o [X] o o o [X] o...}
  6.4 {o o o X o o o X o} {...o [X] o o o [X] o}
  6.5 {o o o o X o o o X} {...o o [X] o o o [X]}

  7.1 {X o o X o o o o o} {[X] o o [X] o o o...}
  7.2 {o X o o X o o o o} {o [X] o o [X] o o...}
  7.3 {o o X o o X o o o} {...o [X] o o [X] o o...}
  7.4 {o o o X o o X o o} {...o [X] o o [X] o o}
  7.5 {o o o o X o o X o} {...o o [X] o o [X] o}
  7.6 {o o o o o X o o X} {...o o o [X] o o [X]}







} {
  do_snippet_test 1.$tn $doc X $res
}

if {[detail_is_full]} {
  foreach {tn doc res} {
    1.1 {X Y o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o}
................................................................................
    1.4 {o o o X Y o o} {o o o [X Y] o o}
    1.5 {o o o o X Y o} {o o o o [X Y] o}
    1.6 {o o o o o X Y} {o o o o o [X Y]}

    2.1 {X Y o o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o...}
    2.2 {o X Y o o o o o} {o [X Y] o o o o...}
    2.3 {o o X Y o o o o} {o o [X Y] o o o...}
    2.4 {o o o X Y o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o}
    2.5 {o o o o X Y o o} {...o o o [X Y] o o}
    2.6 {o o o o o X Y o} {...o o o o [X Y] o}
    2.7 {o o o o o o X Y} {...o o o o o [X Y]}

    3.1 {X Y o o o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o...}
    3.2 {o X Y o o o o o o} {o [X Y] o o o o...}
    3.3 {o o X Y o o o o o} {o o [X Y] o o o...}
    3.4 {o o o X Y o o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o...}
    3.5 {o o o o X Y o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o}
    3.6 {o o o o o X Y o o} {...o o o [X Y] o o}
    3.7 {o o o o o o X Y o} {...o o o o [X Y] o}
    3.8 {o o o o o o o X Y} {...o o o o o [X Y]}
  } {
    do_snippet_test 2.$tn $doc "X + Y" $res
  }
}




















} ;# foreach_detail_mode 

finish_test








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  1.6 {o o o o o X o} {o o o o o [X] o}
  1.7 {o o o o o o X} {o o o o o o [X]}

  2.1 {X o o o o o o o} {[X] o o o o o o...}
  2.2 {o X o o o o o o} {o [X] o o o o o...}
  2.3 {o o X o o o o o} {o o [X] o o o o...}
  2.4 {o o o X o o o o} {o o o [X] o o o...}
  2.5 {o o o o X o o o} {o o o o [X] o o...}
  2.6 {o o o o o X o o} {o o o o o [X] o...}
  2.7 {o o o o o o X o} {o o o o o o [X]...}
  2.8 {o o o o o o o X} {...o o o o o o [X]}

  2.9  {o o o o o o o X o}       {...o o o o o [X] o}
  2.10 {o o o o o o o X o o}     {...o o o o [X] o o}
  2.11 {o o o o o o o X o o o}   {...o o o [X] o o o}
  2.12 {o o o o o o o X o o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o...}


  3.1 {X o o o o o o o o} {[X] o o o o o o...}
  3.2 {o X o o o o o o o} {o [X] o o o o o...}
  3.3 {o o X o o o o o o} {o o [X] o o o o...}
  3.4 {o o o X o o o o o} {o o o [X] o o o...}

  3.5 {o o o o o o o X o o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o...}
  3.6 {o o o o o o o o X o o o} {...o o o [X] o o o}
  3.7 {o o o o o o o o o X o o} {...o o o o [X] o o}
  3.8 {o o o o o o o o o o X o} {...o o o o o [X] o}
  3.9 {o o o o o o o o o o o X} {...o o o o o o [X]}

  4.1 {X o o o o o X o o} {[X] o o o o o [X]...}
  4.2 {o o o o o o o X o o o o o X o} {...[X] o o o o o [X]...}
  4.3 {o o o o o o o o X o o o o o X} {...[X] o o o o o [X]}

  5.1 {X o o o o X o o o} {[X] o o o o [X] o...}
  5.2 {o o o o o o o X o o o o X o o} {...[X] o o o o [X] o...}
  5.3 {o o o o o o o o X o o o o X o} {...[X] o o o o [X] o}
  5.4 {o o o o o o o o o X o o o o X} {...o [X] o o o o [X]}

  6.1 {X o o o X o o o} {[X] o o o [X] o o...}
  6.2 {o X o o o X o o o} {o [X] o o o [X] o...}
  6.3 {o o o o o o o X o o o X o o} {...o [X] o o o [X] o...}
  6.4 {o o o o o o o o X o o o X o} {...o [X] o o o [X] o}
  6.5 {o o o o o o o o o X o o o X} {...o o [X] o o o [X]}

  7.1 {X o o X o o o o o} {[X] o o [X] o o o...}
  7.2 {o X o o X o o o o} {o [X] o o [X] o o...}
  7.3 {o o o o o o o X o o X o o o} {...o [X] o o [X] o o...}
  7.4 {o o o o o o o o X o o X o o} {...o [X] o o [X] o o}
  7.5 {o o o o o o o o o X o o X o} {...o o [X] o o [X] o}
  7.6 {o o o o o o o o o o X o o X} {...o o o [X] o o [X]}

  8.1 {o o o o o o o o o X o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o X X X o o o}
      {...o o [X] [X] [X] o o...}
  8.2 {o o o o o o o. o o X o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o X X X o o o} 
      {...o o [X] o o o o...}
  8.3 {o o o o X o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o X X X o o o} 
      {o o o o [X] o o...}
} {
  do_snippet_test 1.$tn $doc X $res
}

if {[detail_is_full]} {
  foreach {tn doc res} {
    1.1 {X Y o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o}
................................................................................
    1.4 {o o o X Y o o} {o o o [X Y] o o}
    1.5 {o o o o X Y o} {o o o o [X Y] o}
    1.6 {o o o o o X Y} {o o o o o [X Y]}

    2.1 {X Y o o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o...}
    2.2 {o X Y o o o o o} {o [X Y] o o o o...}
    2.3 {o o X Y o o o o} {o o [X Y] o o o...}
    2.4 {o o o o o o o X Y o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o}
    2.5 {o o o o o o o o X Y o o} {...o o o [X Y] o o}
    2.6 {o o o o o o o o o X Y o} {...o o o o [X Y] o}
    2.7 {o o o o o o o o o o X Y} {...o o o o o [X Y]}

    3.1 {X Y o o o o o o o} {[X Y] o o o o o...}
    3.2 {o X Y o o o o o o} {o [X Y] o o o o...}
    3.3 {o o X Y o o o o o} {o o [X Y] o o o...}
    3.4 {o o o o o o o X Y o o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o...}
    3.5 {o o o o o o o o X Y o o o} {...o o [X Y] o o o}
    3.6 {o o o o o o o o o X Y o o} {...o o o [X Y] o o}
    3.7 {o o o o o o o o o o X Y o} {...o o o o [X Y] o}
    3.8 {o o o o o o o o o o o X Y} {...o o o o o [X Y]}
  } {
    do_snippet_test 2.$tn $doc "X + Y" $res
  }
}

do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING fts5(a, b);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('xyz', '1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13');
  SELECT snippet(x1, 1, '[', ']', '...', 5) FROM x1('xyz');
} {
  {1 2 3 4 5...}
}

do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE p1 USING fts5(a, b);
  INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(
    'x a a a a a a a a a a',
    'a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a x'
  );
}
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  SELECT snippet(p1, 0, '[', ']', '...', 6) FROM p1('x');
} {{[x] a a a a a...}}

} ;# foreach_detail_mode 

finish_test

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5corrupt2.test.

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  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1, rank) VALUES('pgsz', 32);
  WITH ii(i) AS (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT i+1 FROM ii WHERE i<100)
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT rnddoc(10) FROM ii;
}
set mask [expr 31 << 31]

if 1 {

# Test 1:
#
#   For each page in the t1_data table, open a transaction and DELETE
#   the t1_data entry. Then run:
#
#     * an integrity-check, and
................................................................................
    }
  
    do_execsql_test 1.$tno.$tn.3.$rowid {
      ROLLBACK;
      INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check');
    } {}
  }


}

# Using the same database as the 1.* tests.
#
# Run N-1 tests, where N is the number of bytes in the rightmost leaf page
# of the fts index. For test $i, truncate the rightmost leafpage to $i
# bytes. Then test both the integrity-check detects the corruption.
................................................................................
      set {} 1
    } {1}

    execsql ROLLBACK
  }

  # do_test 4.$tn.x { expr $nCorrupt>0 } 1
}

}

set doc [string repeat "A B C " 1000]
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x5 USING fts5(tt);
  INSERT INTO x5(x5, rank) VALUES('pgsz', 32);
  WITH ii(i) AS (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM ii WHERE i<10) 







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  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1, rank) VALUES('pgsz', 32);
  WITH ii(i) AS (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT i+1 FROM ii WHERE i<100)
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT rnddoc(10) FROM ii;
}
set mask [expr 31 << 31]

if 0 {

# Test 1:
#
#   For each page in the t1_data table, open a transaction and DELETE
#   the t1_data entry. Then run:
#
#     * an integrity-check, and
................................................................................
    }
  
    do_execsql_test 1.$tno.$tn.3.$rowid {
      ROLLBACK;
      INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check');
    } {}
  }
}

}

# Using the same database as the 1.* tests.
#
# Run N-1 tests, where N is the number of bytes in the rightmost leaf page
# of the fts index. For test $i, truncate the rightmost leafpage to $i
# bytes. Then test both the integrity-check detects the corruption.
................................................................................
      set {} 1
    } {1}

    execsql ROLLBACK
  }

  # do_test 4.$tn.x { expr $nCorrupt>0 } 1


}

set doc [string repeat "A B C " 1000]
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x5 USING fts5(tt);
  INSERT INTO x5(x5, rank) VALUES('pgsz', 32);
  WITH ii(i) AS (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM ii WHERE i<10) 

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5eb.test.

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do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT fts5_expr()
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function fts5_expr}}

do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT fts5_expr_tcl()
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function fts5_expr_tcl}}


















finish_test










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do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT fts5_expr()
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function fts5_expr}}

do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT fts5_expr_tcl()
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function fts5_expr_tcl}}


do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE e1 USING fts5(text, tokenize = 'porter unicode61');
  INSERT INTO e1 VALUES ("just a few words with a / inside");
}
do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  SELECT rowid, bm25(e1) FROM e1 WHERE e1 MATCH '"just"' ORDER BY rank;
} {1 -1e-06}
do_execsql_test 3.2 {
  SELECT rowid FROM e1 WHERE e1 MATCH '"/" OR "just"'
} 1
do_execsql_test 3.3 {
  SELECT rowid, bm25(e1) FROM e1 WHERE e1 MATCH '"/" OR "just"' ORDER BY rank;
} {1 -1e-06}



finish_test



Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5faultB.test.

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do_faultsim_test 2.4 -faults oom* -body {
  execsql { SELECT mit(matchinfo(t1, 's')) FROM t1('a b c') }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {{3 2} {2 3}}} 
}






























finish_test








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do_faultsim_test 2.4 -faults oom* -body {
  execsql { SELECT mit(matchinfo(t1, 's')) FROM t1('a b c') }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {{3 2} {2 3}}} 
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db 
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING fts5(z);
}

do_faultsim_test 3.1 -faults oom* -body {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid FROM x1('c') WHERE rowid>1;
  }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {}}
}

do_execsql_test 3.2 {
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('a b c');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('b c d');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('c d e');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('d e f');
}
do_faultsim_test 3.3 -faults oom* -body {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid FROM x1('c') WHERE rowid>1;
  }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {2 3}}
}

finish_test

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5prefix.test.

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#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file containst tests focused on prefix indexes.
#

source [file join [file dirname [info script]] fts5_common.tcl]
set testprefix fts5prefix

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts5 {







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#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains tests focused on prefix indexes.
#

source [file join [file dirname [info script]] fts5_common.tcl]
set testprefix fts5prefix

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts5 {

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5simple2.test.

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    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(1, 'a b c');
    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(456, 'a b c');
    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(1000, 'a b c');
  COMMIT;
  UPDATE t2 SET x=x;
  DELETE FROM t2;
}




































#db eval {SELECT rowid, fts5_decode_none(rowid, block) aS r FROM t2_data} {puts $r}
  
finish_test








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    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(1, 'a b c');
    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(456, 'a b c');
    INSERT INTO t2(rowid, x) VALUES(1000, 'a b c');
  COMMIT;
  UPDATE t2 SET x=x;
  DELETE FROM t2;
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 17.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING fts5(x, y);
  BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
  COMMIT;
}
do_execsql_test 17.1 { SELECT * FROM t2('y:a*') WHERE rowid BETWEEN 10 AND 20 }
do_execsql_test 17.2 {
  BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
    SELECT * FROM t2('y:a*') WHERE rowid BETWEEN 10 AND 20 ;
}
do_execsql_test 17.3 {
  COMMIT
}

reset_db
do_execsql_test 17.4 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING fts5(x, y);
  BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a aa aaa', 'b bb bbb');
    SELECT * FROM t2('y:a*') WHERE rowid>66;
}
do_execsql_test 17.5 { SELECT * FROM t2('x:b* OR y:a*') }
do_execsql_test 17.5 { COMMIT ; SELECT * FROM t2('x:b* OR y:a*') }
do_execsql_test 17.6 { 
  SELECT * FROM t2('x:b* OR y:a*') WHERE rowid>55
}

#db eval {SELECT rowid, fts5_decode_none(rowid, block) aS r FROM t2_data} {puts $r}
  
finish_test

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5simple3.test.

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do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x3 USING fts5(one);
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('a b c');
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('c b a');
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('o t t');
  SELECT * FROM x3('x OR y OR z');
}




































finish_test









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do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x3 USING fts5(one);
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('a b c');
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('c b a');
  INSERT INTO x3 VALUES('o t t');
  SELECT * FROM x3('x OR y OR z');
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that a crash occuring when the second or subsequent tokens in a
# phrase matched zero rows has been fixed.
#
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('ab');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('cd');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('ab cd');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('ab cdXXX');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('abXXX cd');
}
do_execsql_test 4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1('"ab cd" OR "ab cd" *');
} {{ab cd} {ab cdXXX}}
do_execsql_test 4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1('"xy zz" OR "ab cd" *');
} {{ab cd} {ab cdXXX}}
do_execsql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1('"xy zz" OR "xy zz" *');
}
do_execsql_test 4.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1('"ab cd" OR "xy zz" *');
} {{ab cd}}
do_execsql_test 4.5 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING fts5(x);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('ab');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('cd');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('ef');
} 
do_execsql_test 4.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t2('ab + xyz');
}


finish_test

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5unicode2.test.

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     the maximum x value.
  }
  3 "ROW" {
     ...returns the value of y on the same [row] that contains 
     the maximum x value.
  }
  4 "rollback" {
     ...[ROLLBACK]. Instead, the pending statement
     will return SQLITE_ABORT upon next access after the [ROLLBACK].
  }
  5 "rOllback" {
     ...[ROLLBACK]. Instead, the pending statement
     will return SQLITE_ABORT upon next access after the [ROLLBACK].
  }
  6 "lang*" {
     Added support for the FTS4 [languageid] option.
  }
} {
  do_test 2.$tn {
    set q [mapdoc $query]







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     the maximum x value.
  }
  3 "ROW" {
     ...returns the value of y on the same [row] that contains 
     the maximum x value.
  }
  4 "rollback" {
     Pending statements no longer block [ROLLBACK]. Instead, the pending
     statement will return SQLITE_ABORT upon...
  }
  5 "rOllback" {
     Pending statements no longer block [ROLLBACK]. Instead, the pending
     statement will return SQLITE_ABORT upon...
  }
  6 "lang*" {
     Added support for the FTS4 [languageid] option.
  }
} {
  do_test 2.$tn {
    set q [mapdoc $query]

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5vocab.test.

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} else {
  do_catchsql_test 8.2.2 { 
    SELECT * FROM x1_c 
  } {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}

sqlite3_fts5_may_be_corrupt 0

}





































finish_test








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} else {
  do_catchsql_test 8.2.2 { 
    SELECT * FROM x1_c 
  } {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}

sqlite3_fts5_may_be_corrupt 0
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that both "ORDER BY term" and "ORDER BY term DESC" work.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 9.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING fts5(x);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('def ABC ghi');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('DEF abc GHI');
}

do_execsql_test 9.2 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rrr USING fts5vocab(x1, row);
  SELECT * FROM rrr
} {
  abc 2 2 def 2 2 ghi 2 2
}
do_execsql_test 9.3 {
  SELECT * FROM rrr ORDER BY term ASC
} {
  abc 2 2 def 2 2 ghi 2 2
}
do_execsql_test 9.4 {
  SELECT * FROM rrr ORDER BY term DESC
} {
  ghi 2 2 def 2 2 abc 2 2 
}
do_test 9.5 {
  set e2 [db eval { EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM rrr ORDER BY term ASC }]
  expr [lsearch $e2 SorterSort]<0
} 1
do_test 9.6 {
  set e2 [db eval { EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM rrr ORDER BY term DESC }]
  expr [lsearch $e2 SorterSort]<0
} 0



finish_test

Changes to ext/icu/icu.c.

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** To access ICU "language specific" case mapping, upper() or lower()
** should be invoked with two arguments. The second argument is the name
** of the locale to use. Passing an empty string ("") or SQL NULL value
** as the second argument is the same as invoking the 1 argument version
** of upper() or lower().
**
**     lower('I', 'en_us') -> 'i'
**     lower('I', 'tr_tr') -> 'ı' (small dotless i)
**
** http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/posix.html#case_mappings
*/
static void icuCaseFunc16(sqlite3_context *p, int nArg, sqlite3_value **apArg){
  const UChar *zInput;            /* Pointer to input string */
  UChar *zOutput = 0;             /* Pointer to output buffer */
  int nInput;                     /* Size of utf-16 input string in bytes */
................................................................................
  struct IcuScalar {
    const char *zName;                        /* Function name */
    int nArg;                                 /* Number of arguments */
    int enc;                                  /* Optimal text encoding */
    void *pContext;                           /* sqlite3_user_data() context */
    void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } scalars[] = {
    {"regexp", 2, SQLITE_ANY,          0, icuRegexpFunc},

    {"lower",  1, SQLITE_UTF16,        0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"lower",  2, SQLITE_UTF16,        0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  1, SQLITE_UTF16, (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  2, SQLITE_UTF16, (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},

    {"lower",  1, SQLITE_UTF8,         0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"lower",  2, SQLITE_UTF8,         0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  1, SQLITE_UTF8,  (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  2, SQLITE_UTF8,  (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},

    {"like",   2, SQLITE_UTF8,         0, icuLikeFunc},
    {"like",   3, SQLITE_UTF8,         0, icuLikeFunc},

    {"icu_load_collation",  2, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)db, icuLoadCollation},
  };

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;








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** To access ICU "language specific" case mapping, upper() or lower()
** should be invoked with two arguments. The second argument is the name
** of the locale to use. Passing an empty string ("") or SQL NULL value
** as the second argument is the same as invoking the 1 argument version
** of upper() or lower().
**
**     lower('I', 'en_us') -> 'i'
**     lower('I', 'tr_tr') -> '\u131' (small dotless i)
**
** http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/posix.html#case_mappings
*/
static void icuCaseFunc16(sqlite3_context *p, int nArg, sqlite3_value **apArg){
  const UChar *zInput;            /* Pointer to input string */
  UChar *zOutput = 0;             /* Pointer to output buffer */
  int nInput;                     /* Size of utf-16 input string in bytes */
................................................................................
  struct IcuScalar {
    const char *zName;                        /* Function name */
    int nArg;                                 /* Number of arguments */
    int enc;                                  /* Optimal text encoding */
    void *pContext;                           /* sqlite3_user_data() context */
    void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } scalars[] = {
    {"regexp", 2, SQLITE_ANY|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,          0, icuRegexpFunc},

    {"lower",  1, SQLITE_UTF16|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,        0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"lower",  2, SQLITE_UTF16|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,        0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  1, SQLITE_UTF16|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  2, SQLITE_UTF16|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},

    {"lower",  1, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,         0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"lower",  2, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,         0, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  1, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,  (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},
    {"upper",  2, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,  (void*)1, icuCaseFunc16},

    {"like",   2, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,         0, icuLikeFunc},
    {"like",   3, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC,         0, icuLikeFunc},

    {"icu_load_collation",  2, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)db, icuLoadCollation},
  };

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;

Changes to ext/misc/csv.c.

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/* Return 0 if the argument is false and 1 if it is true.  Return -1 if
** we cannot really tell.
*/
static int csv_boolean(const char *z){
  if( sqlite3_stricmp("yes",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("on",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("true",z)==0
   || (z[0]=='1' && z[0]==0)
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3_stricmp("no",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("off",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("false",z)==0
   || (z[0]=='0' && z[1]==0)







|







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/* Return 0 if the argument is false and 1 if it is true.  Return -1 if
** we cannot really tell.
*/
static int csv_boolean(const char *z){
  if( sqlite3_stricmp("yes",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("on",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("true",z)==0
   || (z[0]=='1' && z[1]==0)
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3_stricmp("no",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("off",z)==0
   || sqlite3_stricmp("false",z)==0
   || (z[0]=='0' && z[1]==0)

Changes to ext/misc/json1.c.

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/*
** Versions of isspace(), isalnum() and isdigit() to which it is safe
** to pass signed char values.
*/
#ifdef sqlite3Isdigit
   /* Use the SQLite core versions if this routine is part of the
   ** SQLite amalgamation */
#  define safe_isdigit(x) sqlite3Isdigit(x)
#  define safe_isalnum(x) sqlite3Isalnum(x)

#else
   /* Use the standard library for separate compilation */
#include <ctype.h>  /* amalgamator: keep */
#  define safe_isdigit(x) isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isalnum(x) isalnum((unsigned char)(x))

#endif

/*
** Growing our own isspace() routine this way is twice as fast as
** the library isspace() function, resulting in a 7% overall performance
** increase for the parser.  (Ubuntu14.10 gcc 4.8.4 x64 with -Os).
*/
................................................................................
          char c = z[i];
          if( c!='\\' ){
            zOut[j++] = c;
          }else{
            c = z[++i];
            if( c=='u' ){
              u32 v = 0, k;
              for(k=0; k<4 && i<n-2; i++, k++){

                c = z[i+1];

                if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) v = v*16 + c - '0';
                else if( c>='A' && c<='F' ) v = v*16 + c - 'A' + 10;
                else if( c>='a' && c<='f' ) v = v*16 + c - 'a' + 10;
                else break;
              }
              if( v==0 ) break;
              if( v<=0x7f ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)v;
              }else if( v<=0x7ff ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xc0 | (v>>6));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
................................................................................
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->jnFlags = 0;
  p->iVal = 0;
  p->n = n;
  p->u.zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}










/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
** index of the first character past the end of the value parsed.
**
** Return negative for a syntax error.  Special cases:  return -2 if the
** first non-whitespace character is '}' and return -3 if the first
................................................................................
    u8 jnFlags = 0;
    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = pParse->zJson[j];
      if( c==0 ) return -1;
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = pParse->zJson[++j];
        if( c==0 ) return -1;


        jnFlags = JNODE_ESCAPE;



      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &pParse->zJson[i]);
    if( !pParse->oom ) pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1].jnFlags = jnFlags;
................................................................................
}
static void jsonObjectFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '}');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==0 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
        jsonResult(&x);
        break;
      }
      /* For json_each() path and root are the same so fall through
      ** into the root case */
    }
    case JEACH_ROOT: {
      const char *zRoot = p->zRoot;
       if( zRoot==0 ) zRoot = "$";
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zRoot, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_JSON: {
      assert( i==JEACH_JSON );
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, p->sParse.zJson, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;







|
|
>



|
|
>







 







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>

>
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<







 







>
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>







 







|
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>







 







|







 







|

|







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/*
** Versions of isspace(), isalnum() and isdigit() to which it is safe
** to pass signed char values.
*/
#ifdef sqlite3Isdigit
   /* Use the SQLite core versions if this routine is part of the
   ** SQLite amalgamation */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  sqlite3Isdigit(x)
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  sqlite3Isalnum(x)
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) sqlite3Isxdigit(x)
#else
   /* Use the standard library for separate compilation */
#include <ctype.h>  /* amalgamator: keep */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

/*
** Growing our own isspace() routine this way is twice as fast as
** the library isspace() function, resulting in a 7% overall performance
** increase for the parser.  (Ubuntu14.10 gcc 4.8.4 x64 with -Os).
*/
................................................................................
          char c = z[i];
          if( c!='\\' ){
            zOut[j++] = c;
          }else{
            c = z[++i];
            if( c=='u' ){
              u32 v = 0, k;
              for(k=0; k<4; i++, k++){
                assert( i<n-2 );
                c = z[i+1];
                assert( safe_isxdigit(c) );
                if( c<='9' ) v = v*16 + c - '0';
                else if( c<='F' ) v = v*16 + c - 'A' + 10;
                else v = v*16 + c - 'a' + 10;

              }
              if( v==0 ) break;
              if( v<=0x7f ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)v;
              }else if( v<=0x7ff ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xc0 | (v>>6));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
................................................................................
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->jnFlags = 0;
  p->iVal = 0;
  p->n = n;
  p->u.zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}

/*
** Return true if z[] begins with 4 (or more) hexadecimal digits
*/
static int jsonIs4Hex(const char *z){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<4; i++) if( !safe_isxdigit(z[i]) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
** index of the first character past the end of the value parsed.
**
** Return negative for a syntax error.  Special cases:  return -2 if the
** first non-whitespace character is '}' and return -3 if the first
................................................................................
    u8 jnFlags = 0;
    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = pParse->zJson[j];
      if( c==0 ) return -1;
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = pParse->zJson[++j];
        if( c=='"' || c=='\\' || c=='/' || c=='b' || c=='f'
           || c=='n' || c=='r' || c=='t'
           || (c=='u' && jsonIs4Hex(pParse->zJson+j+1)) ){
          jnFlags = JNODE_ESCAPE;
        }else{
          return -1;
        }
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &pParse->zJson[i]);
    if( !pParse->oom ) pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1].jnFlags = jnFlags;
................................................................................
}
static void jsonObjectFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '}');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==1 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
        jsonResult(&x);
        break;
      }
      /* For json_each() path and root are the same so fall through
      ** into the root case */
    }
    default: {
      const char *zRoot = p->zRoot;
      if( zRoot==0 ) zRoot = "$";
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zRoot, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_JSON: {
      assert( i==JEACH_JSON );
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, p->sParse.zJson, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;

Added ext/misc/memvfs.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2016-09-07
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This is an in-memory read-only VFS implementation.  The application
** supplies a block of memory which is the database file, and this VFS
** uses that block of memory.
**
** Because there is no place to store journals and no good way to lock
** the "file", this VFS is read-only.
**
** USAGE:
**
**    sqlite3_open_v2("file:/whatever?ptr=0xf05538&sz=14336", &db,
**                    SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY | SQLITE_OPEN_URI,
**                    "memvfs");
**
** The ptr= and sz= query parameters are required or the open will fail.
** The ptr= parameter gives the memory address of the buffer holding the
** read-only database and sz= gives the size of the database.  The parameter
** values may be in hexadecimal or decimal.  The filename is ignored.
*/
#include <sqlite3ext.h>
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>


/*
** Forward declaration of objects used by this utility
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_vfs MemVfs;
typedef struct MemFile MemFile;

/* Access to a lower-level VFS that (might) implement dynamic loading,
** access to randomness, etc.
*/
#define ORIGVFS(p) ((sqlite3_vfs*)((p)->pAppData))

/* An open file */
struct MemFile {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* IO methods */
  sqlite3_int64 sz;               /* Size of the file */
  unsigned char *aData;           /* content of the file */
};

/*
** Methods for MemFile
*/
static int memClose(sqlite3_file*);
static int memRead(sqlite3_file*, void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
static int memWrite(sqlite3_file*,const void*,int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
static int memTruncate(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 size);
static int memSync(sqlite3_file*, int flags);
static int memFileSize(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 *pSize);
static int memLock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int memUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int memCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file*, int *pResOut);
static int memFileControl(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
static int memSectorSize(sqlite3_file*);
static int memDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file*);
static int memShmMap(sqlite3_file*, int iPg, int pgsz, int, void volatile**);
static int memShmLock(sqlite3_file*, int offset, int n, int flags);
static void memShmBarrier(sqlite3_file*);
static int memShmUnmap(sqlite3_file*, int deleteFlag);
static int memFetch(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, int iAmt, void **pp);
static int memUnfetch(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);

/*
** Methods for MemVfs
*/
static int memOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *, sqlite3_file*, int , int *);
static int memDelete(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int syncDir);
static int memAccess(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int flags, int *);
static int memFullPathname(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int, char *zOut);
static void *memDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zFilename);
static void memDlError(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zErrMsg);
static void (*memDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *p, const char*zSym))(void);
static void memDlClose(sqlite3_vfs*, void*);
static int memRandomness(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zOut);
static int memSleep(sqlite3_vfs*, int microseconds);
static int memCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
static int memGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
static int memCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_int64*);

static sqlite3_vfs mem_vfs = {
  2,                           /* iVersion */
  0,                           /* szOsFile (set when registered) */
  1024,                        /* mxPathname */
  0,                           /* pNext */
  "memvfs",                    /* zName */
  0,                           /* pAppData (set when registered) */ 
  memOpen,                     /* xOpen */
  memDelete,                   /* xDelete */
  memAccess,                   /* xAccess */
  memFullPathname,             /* xFullPathname */
  memDlOpen,                   /* xDlOpen */
  memDlError,                  /* xDlError */
  memDlSym,                    /* xDlSym */
  memDlClose,                  /* xDlClose */
  memRandomness,               /* xRandomness */
  memSleep,                    /* xSleep */
  memCurrentTime,              /* xCurrentTime */
  memGetLastError,             /* xGetLastError */
  memCurrentTimeInt64          /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
};

static const sqlite3_io_methods mem_io_methods = {
  3,                              /* iVersion */
  memClose,                      /* xClose */
  memRead,                       /* xRead */
  memWrite,                      /* xWrite */
  memTruncate,                   /* xTruncate */
  memSync,                       /* xSync */
  memFileSize,                   /* xFileSize */
  memLock,                       /* xLock */
  memUnlock,                     /* xUnlock */
  memCheckReservedLock,          /* xCheckReservedLock */
  memFileControl,                /* xFileControl */
  memSectorSize,                 /* xSectorSize */
  memDeviceCharacteristics,      /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
  memShmMap,                     /* xShmMap */
  memShmLock,                    /* xShmLock */
  memShmBarrier,                 /* xShmBarrier */
  memShmUnmap,                   /* xShmUnmap */
  memFetch,                      /* xFetch */
  memUnfetch                     /* xUnfetch */
};



/*
** Close an mem-file.
**
** The pData pointer is owned by the application, so there is nothing
** to free.
*/
static int memClose(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read data from an mem-file.
*/
static int memRead(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  MemFile *p = (MemFile *)pFile;
  memcpy(zBuf, p->aData+iOfst, iAmt);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write data to an mem-file.
*/
static int memWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  const void *z,
  int iAmt,
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/*
** Truncate an mem-file.
*/
static int memTruncate(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 size){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/*
** Sync an mem-file.
*/
static int memSync(sqlite3_file *pFile, int flags){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/*
** Return the current file-size of an mem-file.
*/
static int memFileSize(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 *pSize){
  MemFile *p = (MemFile *)pFile;
  *pSize = p->sz;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Lock an mem-file.
*/
static int memLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/*
** Unlock an mem-file.
*/
static int memUnlock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Check if another file-handle holds a RESERVED lock on an mem-file.
*/
static int memCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int *pResOut){
  *pResOut = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** File control method. For custom operations on an mem-file.
*/
static int memFileControl(sqlite3_file *pFile, int op, void *pArg){
  MemFile *p = (MemFile *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME ){
    *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("mem(%p,%lld)", p->aData, p->sz);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the sector-size in bytes for an mem-file.
*/
static int memSectorSize(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  return 1024;
}

/*
** Return the device characteristic flags supported by an mem-file.
*/
static int memDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  return SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE;
}

/* Create a shared memory file mapping */
static int memShmMap(
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  int iPg,
  int pgsz,
  int bExtend,
  void volatile **pp
){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/* Perform locking on a shared-memory segment */
static int memShmLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int offset, int n, int flags){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/* Memory barrier operation on shared memory */
static void memShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  return;
}

/* Unmap a shared memory segment */
static int memShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *pFile, int deleteFlag){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Fetch a page of a memory-mapped file */
static int memFetch(
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  sqlite3_int64 iOfst,
  int iAmt,
  void **pp
){
  MemFile *p = (MemFile *)pFile;
  *pp = (void*)(p->aData + iOfst);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Release a memory-mapped page */
static int memUnfetch(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *pPage){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open an mem file handle.
*/
static int memOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
  const char *zName,
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  int flags,
  int *pOutFlags
){
  MemFile *p = (MemFile*)pFile;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB)==0 ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  p->aData = (unsigned char*)sqlite3_uri_int64(zName,"ptr",0);
  if( p->aData==0 ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  p->sz = sqlite3_uri_int64(zName,"sz",0);
  if( p->sz<0 ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  pFile->pMethods = &mem_io_methods;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Delete the file located at zPath. If the dirSync argument is true,
** ensure the file-system modifications are synced to disk before
** returning.
*/
static int memDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
}

/*
** Test for access permissions. Return true if the requested permission
** is available, or false otherwise.
*/
static int memAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  /* The spec says there are three possible values for flags.  But only
  ** two of them are actually used */
  assert( flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS || flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE );
  if( flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE ){
    *pResOut = 0;
  }else{
    *pResOut = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Populate buffer zOut with the full canonical pathname corresponding
** to the pathname in zPath. zOut is guaranteed to point to a buffer
** of at least (INST_MAX_PATHNAME+1) bytes.
*/
static int memFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int nOut, 
  char *zOut
){
  sqlite3_snprintf(nOut, zOut, "%s", zPath);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open the dynamic library located at zPath and return a handle.
*/
static void *memDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xDlOpen(ORIGVFS(pVfs), zPath);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer zErrMsg (size nByte bytes) with a human readable
** utf-8 string describing the most recent error encountered associated 
** with dynamic libraries.
*/
static void memDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zErrMsg){
  ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xDlError(ORIGVFS(pVfs), nByte, zErrMsg);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the symbol zSymbol in the dynamic library pHandle.
*/
static void (*memDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *p, const char *zSym))(void){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xDlSym(ORIGVFS(pVfs), p, zSym);
}

/*
** Close the dynamic library handle pHandle.
*/
static void memDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xDlClose(ORIGVFS(pVfs), pHandle);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer pointed to by zBufOut with nByte bytes of 
** random data.
*/
static int memRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xRandomness(ORIGVFS(pVfs), nByte, zBufOut);
}

/*
** Sleep for nMicro microseconds. Return the number of microseconds 
** actually slept.
*/
static int memSleep(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nMicro){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xSleep(ORIGVFS(pVfs), nMicro);
}

/*
** Return the current time as a Julian Day number in *pTimeOut.
*/
static int memCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *pTimeOut){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xCurrentTime(ORIGVFS(pVfs), pTimeOut);
}

static int memGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int a, char *b){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xGetLastError(ORIGVFS(pVfs), a, b);
}
static int memCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *p){
  return ORIGVFS(pVfs)->xCurrentTimeInt64(ORIGVFS(pVfs), p);
}

#ifdef MEMVFS_TEST
/*
**       memload(FILENAME)
**
** This an SQL function used to help in testing the memvfs VFS.  The
** function reads the content of a file into memory and then returns
** a string that gives the locate and size of the in-memory buffer.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
static void memvfsMemloadFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char *p;
  sqlite3_int64 sz;
  FILE *in;
  const char *zFilename = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  char zReturn[100];

  if( zFilename==0 ) return;
  in = fopen(zFilename, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  sz = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  p = sqlite3_malloc( sz );
  if( p==0 ){
    fclose(in);
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  fread(p, sz, 1, in);
  fclose(in);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zReturn),zReturn,"ptr=%lld&sz=%lld",
                   (sqlite3_int64)p, sz);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, zReturn, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
/* Called for each new database connection */
static int memvfsRegister(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char **pzErrMsg,
  const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk
){
  return sqlite3_create_function(db, "memload", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 memvfsMemloadFunc, 0, 0);
}
#endif /* MEMVFS_TEST */

  
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
/* 
** This routine is called when the extension is loaded.
** Register the new VFS.
*/
int sqlite3_memvfs_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  mem_vfs.pAppData = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  mem_vfs.szOsFile = sizeof(MemFile);
  rc = sqlite3_vfs_register(&mem_vfs, 1);
#ifdef MEMVFS_TEST
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))memvfsRegister);
  }
#endif
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = SQLITE_OK_LOAD_PERMANENTLY;
  return rc;
}

Added ext/misc/remember.c.









































































































































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/*
** 2016-08-09
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file demonstrates how to create an SQL function that is a pass-through
** for integer values (it returns a copy of its argument) but also saves the
** value that is passed through into a C-language variable.  The address of
** the C-language variable is supplied as the second argument.
**
** This allows, for example, a counter to incremented and the original
** value retrieved, atomically, using a single statement:
**
**    UPDATE counterTab SET cnt=remember(cnt,$PTR)+1 WHERE id=$ID
**
** Prepare the above statement once.  Then to use it, bind the address
** of the output variable to $PTR and the id of the counter to $ID and
** run the prepared statement.
**
** One can imagine doing similar things with floating-point values and
** strings, but this demonstration extension will stick to using just
** integers.
*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>

/*
**      remember(V,PTR)
**
** Return the integer value V.  Also save the value of V in a
** C-language variable whose address is PTR.
*/
static void rememberFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3_int64 v;
  sqlite3_int64 ptr;
  assert( argc==2 );
  v = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  ptr = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  *((sqlite3_int64*)ptr) = v;
  sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, v);
}

#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_remember_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "remember", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                               rememberFunc, 0, 0);
  return rc;
}

Changes to ext/rbu/rbudiff.test.

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    );
    DELETE FROM t2;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,
        X'0000000000000000111111111111111122222222222222223333333FFF333333'
    );
  }



















} {
  catch { db close }

  forcedelete test.db test.db2
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db eval "$init"
  sqlite3 db test.db2
................................................................................
      db2 eval { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') }
    } {}

    db close
    db2 close
  }
}


finish_test








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    );
    DELETE FROM t2;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,
        X'0000000000000000111111111111111122222222222222223333333FFF333333'
    );
  }

  4 {
    CREATE TABLE x1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(a, b, c));
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('u', 'v', NULL);
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('x', 'y', 'z');
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('a', NULL, 'b');
  } {
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('a', 'b', 'c');
  }

  5 {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, NULL);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, X'');
  } {
    UPDATE t1 SET b = X'' WHERE a=1;
    UPDATE t1 SET b = NULL WHERE a=2;
  }

} {
  catch { db close }

  forcedelete test.db test.db2
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db eval "$init"
  sqlite3 db test.db2
................................................................................
      db2 eval { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') }
    } {}

    db close
    db2 close
  }
}


finish_test

Added ext/rbu/rbudor.test.























































































































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# 2016 October 21
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This test file focuses on interactions between RBU and the feature
# enabled by SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ - Direct Overflow Read.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
}
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set ::testprefix rbudor

set bigA [string repeat a 5000]
set bigB [string repeat b 5000]
do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b BLOB);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, $bigA);
} {}

do_test 1.1 {
  forcedelete rbu.db
  sqlite3 rbu rbu.db 
  rbu eval {
    CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
    INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(2, $bigB, 0);
  }
  rbu close
} {}

do_test 1.2 {
  sqlite3rbu rbu test.db rbu.db
  while {[rbu state]!="checkpoint"} {
    rbu step
  }
  rbu step
  db eval { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} [list 1 $bigA 2 $bigB]

do_test 1.3 {
  while {[rbu step]=="SQLITE_OK"} {}
  rbu close
} {SQLITE_DONE}

do_execsql_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 
} [list 1 $bigA 2 $bigB]

finish_test

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.h.

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** Instead of a regular table, the RBU database may also contain virtual
** tables or view named using the data_<target> naming scheme. 
**
** Instead of the plain data_<target> naming scheme, RBU database tables 
** may also be named data<integer>_<target>, where <integer> is any sequence
** of zero or more numeric characters (0-9). This can be significant because
** tables within the RBU database are always processed in order sorted by 
** name. By judicious selection of the the <integer> portion of the names
** of the RBU tables the user can therefore control the order in which they
** are processed. This can be useful, for example, to ensure that "external
** content" FTS4 tables are updated before their underlying content tables.
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table that has no
** PRIMARY KEY declaration, the data_% table must also contain a column 
** named "rbu_rowid". This column is mapped to the tables implicit primary 







|







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114
** Instead of a regular table, the RBU database may also contain virtual
** tables or view named using the data_<target> naming scheme. 
**
** Instead of the plain data_<target> naming scheme, RBU database tables 
** may also be named data<integer>_<target>, where <integer> is any sequence
** of zero or more numeric characters (0-9). This can be significant because
** tables within the RBU database are always processed in order sorted by 
** name. By judicious selection of the <integer> portion of the names
** of the RBU tables the user can therefore control the order in which they
** are processed. This can be useful, for example, to ensure that "external
** content" FTS4 tables are updated before their underlying content tables.
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table that has no
** PRIMARY KEY declaration, the data_% table must also contain a column 
** named "rbu_rowid". This column is mapped to the tables implicit primary 

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree.c.

1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
....
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016


3017
3018

3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
  memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(RtreeCursor));
  pCsr->base.pVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pRtree;

  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;
  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pLeaf!=0 ){
      p = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, 0);
      assert( p!=0 );  /* Always returns pCsr->sPoint */
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pLeaf;
................................................................................
static int rtreeQueryStat1(sqlite3 *db, Rtree *pRtree){
  const char *zFmt = "SELECT stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl = '%q_rowid'";
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *p;
  int rc;
  i64 nRow = 0;

  if( sqlite3_table_column_metadata(db,pRtree->zDb,"sqlite_stat1",
          0,0,0,0,0,0)==SQLITE_ERROR ){


    pRtree->nRowEst = RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &p, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){







|







 







|
|
>
>

<
>







1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
....
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019

3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
  memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(RtreeCursor));
  pCsr->base.pVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pRtree;

  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;
  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pLeaf!=0 ){
      p = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, 0);
      assert( p!=0 );  /* Always returns pCsr->sPoint */
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pLeaf;
................................................................................
static int rtreeQueryStat1(sqlite3 *db, Rtree *pRtree){
  const char *zFmt = "SELECT stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl = '%q_rowid'";
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *p;
  int rc;
  i64 nRow = 0;

  rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
      db, pRtree->zDb, "sqlite_stat1",0,0,0,0,0,0
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    pRtree->nRowEst = RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST;

    return rc==SQLITE_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &p, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeD.test.

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}
set testprefix rtreeD

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that if an SQLITE_BUSY is encountered within the vtable 







|







15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
ifcapable !rtree||!builtin_test {
  finish_test
  return
}
set testprefix rtreeD

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that if an SQLITE_BUSY is encountered within the vtable 

Changes to ext/session/session1.test.

565
566
567
568
569
570
571


572










573
breakpoint
do_changeset_test 10.1.2 S "
  {INSERT $tblname 0 X. {} {t uvw t abc}}
  {DELETE $tblname 0 X. {t xyz t def} {}}
"
do_test 10.1.4 { S delete } {}














finish_test







>
>
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
breakpoint
do_changeset_test 10.1.2 S "
  {INSERT $tblname 0 X. {} {t uvw t abc}}
  {DELETE $tblname 0 X. {t xyz t def} {}}
"
do_test 10.1.4 { S delete } {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test the effect of updating a column from 0.0 to 0.0.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 11.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b REAL);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 0.0);
}
do_iterator_test 11.2 * {
  UPDATE t1 SET b = 0.0;
} {
}

finish_test

Changes to ext/session/session4.test.

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(65.21, X'28B0', 16.35, NULL, 'doers');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(NULL, 78.49, 2, X'60', -66);
    INSERT INTO x VALUES('cathedral', NULL, 35, NULL, X'B220937E80A2D8');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(NULL, 'masking', -91.37, NULL, X'596D');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(19, 'domains', 'espouse', -94, 'throw');
  }

  sqlite3session S db main
  set changeset [changeset_from_sql {
    DELETE FROM x WHERE e = -66;
    UPDATE x SET a = 'parameterizable', b = 31.8 WHERE c = 35;
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(-75.61, -17, 16.85, NULL, X'D73DB02678');
  }]
  set {} {}
} {}







<







26
27
28
29
30
31
32

33
34
35
36
37
38
39
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(65.21, X'28B0', 16.35, NULL, 'doers');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(NULL, 78.49, 2, X'60', -66);
    INSERT INTO x VALUES('cathedral', NULL, 35, NULL, X'B220937E80A2D8');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(NULL, 'masking', -91.37, NULL, X'596D');
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(19, 'domains', 'espouse', -94, 'throw');
  }


  set changeset [changeset_from_sql {
    DELETE FROM x WHERE e = -66;
    UPDATE x SET a = 'parameterizable', b = 31.8 WHERE c = 35;
    INSERT INTO x VALUES(-75.61, -17, 16.85, NULL, X'D73DB02678');
  }]
  set {} {}
} {}

Changes to ext/session/session_common.tcl.

71
72
73
74
75
76
77



78
79
80
81
82
83
84

proc do_common_sql {sql} {
  execsql $sql db
  execsql $sql db2
}

proc changeset_from_sql {sql {dbname main}} {



  set rc [catch {
    sqlite3session S db $dbname
    db eval "SELECT name FROM $dbname.sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'" {
      S attach $name
    }
    db eval $sql
    S changeset







>
>
>







71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87

proc do_common_sql {sql} {
  execsql $sql db
  execsql $sql db2
}

proc changeset_from_sql {sql {dbname main}} {
  if {$dbname == "main"} {
    return [sql_exec_changeset db $sql]
  }
  set rc [catch {
    sqlite3session S db $dbname
    db eval "SELECT name FROM $dbname.sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'" {
      S attach $name
    }
    db eval $sql
    S changeset

Changes to ext/session/sqlite3session.c.

370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
....
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
....
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
        }
        n = sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
        if( z==0 && (eType!=SQLITE_BLOB || n>0) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        nVarint = sessionVarintLen(n);
  
        if( aBuf ){
          sessionVarintPut(&aBuf[1], n);
          memcpy(&aBuf[nVarint + 1], eType==SQLITE_TEXT ? 
              sqlite3_value_text(pValue) : sqlite3_value_blob(pValue), n
          );
        }
  
        nByte = 1 + nVarint + n;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
*/
static void sessionAppendBlob(
  SessionBuffer *p, 
  const u8 *aBlob, 
  int nBlob, 
  int *pRc
){
  if( 0==sessionBufferGrow(p, nBlob, pRc) ){
    memcpy(&p->aBuf[p->nBuf], aBlob, nBlob);
    p->nBuf += nBlob;
  }
}

/*
** This function is a no-op if *pRc is other than SQLITE_OK when it is 
................................................................................
          }
        }
        bChanged = 1;
        break;
      }

      default: {
        int nByte;
        int nHdr = 1 + sessionVarintGet(&pCsr[1], &nByte);
        assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
        nAdvance = nHdr + nByte;
        if( eType==sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i) 
         && nByte==sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i) 
         && 0==memcmp(&pCsr[nHdr], sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, i), nByte)
        ){
          break;
        }
        bChanged = 1;
      }
    }








|
<
<







 







|







 







|
|

|

|
|







370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377


378
379
380
381
382
383
384
....
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
....
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
        }
        n = sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
        if( z==0 && (eType!=SQLITE_BLOB || n>0) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        nVarint = sessionVarintLen(n);
  
        if( aBuf ){
          sessionVarintPut(&aBuf[1], n);
          if( n ) memcpy(&aBuf[nVarint + 1], z, n);


        }
  
        nByte = 1 + nVarint + n;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
*/
static void sessionAppendBlob(
  SessionBuffer *p, 
  const u8 *aBlob, 
  int nBlob, 
  int *pRc
){
  if( nBlob>0 && 0==sessionBufferGrow(p, nBlob, pRc) ){
    memcpy(&p->aBuf[p->nBuf], aBlob, nBlob);
    p->nBuf += nBlob;
  }
}

/*
** This function is a no-op if *pRc is other than SQLITE_OK when it is 
................................................................................
          }
        }
        bChanged = 1;
        break;
      }

      default: {
        int n;
        int nHdr = 1 + sessionVarintGet(&pCsr[1], &n);
        assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
        nAdvance = nHdr + n;
        if( eType==sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i) 
         && n==sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i) 
         && (n==0 || 0==memcmp(&pCsr[nHdr], sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, i), n))
        ){
          break;
        }
        bChanged = 1;
      }
    }

Changes to ext/session/sqlite3session.h.

153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
...
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
...
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
...
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
...
765
766
767
768
769
770
771


772
773
774
775
776
777
778
...
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
...
840
841
842
843
844
845
846


847
848
849
850
851
852
853
...
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session oject, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
................................................................................
** destroyed.
**
** Assuming the changeset blob was created by one of the
** [sqlite3session_changeset()], [sqlite3changeset_concat()] or
** [sqlite3changeset_invert()] functions, all changes within the changeset 
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visted 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
................................................................................
** This function is used to find which columns comprise the PRIMARY KEY of
** the table modified by the change that iterator pIter currently points to.
** If successful, *pabPK is set to point to an array of nCol entries, where
** nCol is the number of columns in the table. Elements of *pabPK are set to
** 0x01 if the corresponding column is part of the tables primary key, or
** 0x00 if it is not.
**
** If argumet pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is set to the number of columns
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
................................................................................
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** Changegroup handle.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Combine two or more changesets into a single changeset.
**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*


** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
** function. Otherwise, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no changes are added
................................................................................
** to the changegroup.
**
** Rows within the changeset and changegroup are identified by the values in
** their PRIMARY KEY columns. A change in the changeset is considered to
** apply to the same row as a change already present in the changegroup if
** the two rows have the same primary key.
**
** Changes to rows that that do not already appear in the changegroup are
** simply copied into it. Or, if both the new changeset and the changegroup
** contain changes that apply to a single row, the final contents of the
** changegroup depends on the type of each change, as follows:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th style="white-space:pre">Existing Change  </th>
**       <th style="white-space:pre">New Change       </th>
................................................................................
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*


** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
** sqlite3session_patchset() functions, all changes related to a single
................................................................................
int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** Delete a changegroup object.
*/
void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset to a database. This function attempts to update the







|







 







|







 







|







 







|




|







 







>
>







 







|







 







>
>







 







|







153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
...
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
...
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
...
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
...
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
...
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
...
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
...
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session object, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
................................................................................
** destroyed.
**
** Assuming the changeset blob was created by one of the
** [sqlite3session_changeset()], [sqlite3changeset_concat()] or
** [sqlite3changeset_invert()] functions, all changes within the changeset 
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visited 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
................................................................................
** This function is used to find which columns comprise the PRIMARY KEY of
** the table modified by the change that iterator pIter currently points to.
** If successful, *pabPK is set to point to an array of nCol entries, where
** nCol is the number of columns in the table. Elements of *pabPK are set to
** 0x01 if the corresponding column is part of the tables primary key, or
** 0x00 if it is not.
**
** If argument pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is set to the number of columns
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
................................................................................
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Changegroup Handle
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Changegroup Object
**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Add A Changeset To A Changegroup
**
** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
** function. Otherwise, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no changes are added
................................................................................
** to the changegroup.
**
** Rows within the changeset and changegroup are identified by the values in
** their PRIMARY KEY columns. A change in the changeset is considered to
** apply to the same row as a change already present in the changegroup if
** the two rows have the same primary key.
**
** Changes to rows that do not already appear in the changegroup are
** simply copied into it. Or, if both the new changeset and the changegroup
** contain changes that apply to a single row, the final contents of the
** changegroup depends on the type of each change, as follows:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th style="white-space:pre">Existing Change  </th>
**       <th style="white-space:pre">New Change       </th>
................................................................................
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain A Composite Changeset From A Changegroup
**
** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
** sqlite3session_patchset() functions, all changes related to a single
................................................................................
int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Changegroup Object
*/
void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset to a database. This function attempts to update the

Changes to ext/session/test_session.c.

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typedef struct TestStreamInput TestStreamInput;
struct TestStreamInput {
  int nStream;                    /* Maximum chunk size */
  unsigned char *aData;           /* Pointer to buffer containing data */
  int nData;                      /* Size of buffer aData in bytes */
  int iData;                      /* Bytes of data already read by sessions */
};






































































































#define SESSION_STREAM_TCL_VAR "sqlite3session_streams"

/*
** Attempt to find the global variable zVar within interpreter interp
** and extract an integer value from it. Return this value.
**
................................................................................
    return test_session_error(interp, rc, 0);
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

int TestSession_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){




  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "sqlite3session", test_sqlite3session, 0, 0);
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "sqlite3session_foreach", test_sqlite3session_foreach, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "sqlite3changeset_invert", test_sqlite3changeset_invert, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "sqlite3changeset_concat", test_sqlite3changeset_concat, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "sqlite3changeset_apply", test_sqlite3changeset_apply, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "sqlite3changeset_apply_replace_all", 
      test_sqlite3changeset_apply_replace_all, 0, 0
  );









  return TCL_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_TEST && SQLITE_SESSION && SQLITE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */







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typedef struct TestStreamInput TestStreamInput;
struct TestStreamInput {
  int nStream;                    /* Maximum chunk size */
  unsigned char *aData;           /* Pointer to buffer containing data */
  int nData;                      /* Size of buffer aData in bytes */
  int iData;                      /* Bytes of data already read by sessions */
};

/*
** Extract an sqlite3* db handle from the object passed as the second
** argument. If successful, set *pDb to point to the db handle and return
** TCL_OK. Otherwise, return TCL_ERROR.
*/
static int dbHandleFromObj(Tcl_Interp *interp, Tcl_Obj *pObj, sqlite3 **pDb){
  Tcl_CmdInfo info;
  if( 0==Tcl_GetCommandInfo(interp, Tcl_GetString(pObj), &info) ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such handle: ", Tcl_GetString(pObj), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  *pDb = *(sqlite3 **)info.objClientData;
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*************************************************************************
** The following code is copied byte-for-byte from the sessions module
** documentation.  It is used by some of the sessions modules tests to
** ensure that the example in the documentation does actually work.
*/ 
/*
** Argument zSql points to a buffer containing an SQL script to execute 
** against the database handle passed as the first argument. As well as
** executing the SQL script, this function collects a changeset recording
** all changes made to the "main" database file. Assuming no error occurs,
** output variables (*ppChangeset) and (*pnChangeset) are set to point
** to a buffer containing the changeset and the size of the changeset in
** bytes before returning SQLITE_OK. In this case it is the responsibility
** of the caller to eventually free the changeset blob by passing it to
** the sqlite3_free function.
**
** Or, if an error does occur, return an SQLite error code. The final
** value of (*pChangeset) and (*pnChangeset) are undefined in this case.
*/
int sql_exec_changeset(
  sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,             /* SQL script to execute */
  int *pnChangeset,             /* OUT: Size of changeset blob in bytes */
  void **ppChangeset            /* OUT: Pointer to changeset blob */
){
  sqlite3_session *pSession = 0;
  int rc;

  /* Create a new session object */
  rc = sqlite3session_create(db, "main", &pSession);

  /* Configure the session object to record changes to all tables */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3session_attach(pSession, NULL);

  /* Execute the SQL script */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);

  /* Collect the changeset */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3session_changeset(pSession, pnChangeset, ppChangeset);
  }

  /* Delete the session object */
  sqlite3session_delete(pSession);

  return rc;
}
/************************************************************************/

/*
** Tclcmd: sql_exec_changeset DB SQL
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI test_sql_exec_changeset(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  const char *zSql;
  sqlite3 *db;
  void *pChangeset;
  int nChangeset;
  int rc;

  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB SQL");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( dbHandleFromObj(interp, objv[1], &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  zSql = (const char*)Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);

  rc = sql_exec_changeset(db, zSql, &nChangeset, &pChangeset);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "error in sql_exec_changeset()", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(pChangeset, nChangeset));
  sqlite3_free(pChangeset);
  return TCL_OK;
}



#define SESSION_STREAM_TCL_VAR "sqlite3session_streams"

/*
** Attempt to find the global variable zVar within interpreter interp
** and extract an integer value from it. Return this value.
**
................................................................................
    return test_session_error(interp, rc, 0);
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

int TestSession_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  struct Cmd {
    const char *zCmd;
    Tcl_ObjCmdProc *xProc;
  } aCmd[] = {
    { "sqlite3session", test_sqlite3session },

    { "sqlite3session_foreach", test_sqlite3session_foreach },


    { "sqlite3changeset_invert", test_sqlite3changeset_invert },


    { "sqlite3changeset_concat", test_sqlite3changeset_concat },


    { "sqlite3changeset_apply", test_sqlite3changeset_apply },


    { "sqlite3changeset_apply_replace_all", 
      test_sqlite3changeset_apply_replace_all },

    { "sql_exec_changeset", test_sql_exec_changeset },
  };
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aCmd)/sizeof(struct Cmd); i++){
    struct Cmd *p = &aCmd[i];
    Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, p->zCmd, p->xProc, 0, 0);
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_TEST && SQLITE_SESSION && SQLITE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

Changes to main.mk.

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  $(TOP)/src/test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_async.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_config.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/vfslog.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata4.db


# Standard options to testfixture
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5


# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................
	./srcck1 sqlite3.c

fuzzershell$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o fuzzershell$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
	  $(FUZZERSHELL_OPT) $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c \
	  $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)






fuzzcheck$(EXE):	$(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o fuzzcheck$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \





		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) \
		$(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

mptester$(EXE):	sqlite3.c $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c
	$(TCCX) -o $@ -I. $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c sqlite3.c \
		$(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

MPTEST1=./mptester$(EXE) mptest1.db $(TOP)/mptest/crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2=./mptester$(EXE) mptest2.db $(TOP)/mptest/multiwrite01.test --repeat 20
................................................................................

fastfuzztest:	fuzzcheck$(EXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	./fuzzcheck$(EXE) --limit-mem 100M $(FUZZDATA)

valgrindfuzz:	fuzzcheck$(EXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	valgrind ./fuzzcheck$(EXE) --cell-size-check --limit-mem 10M --timeout 600 $(FUZZDATA)






# A very quick test using only testfixture and omitting all the slower
# tests.  Designed to run in under 3 minutes on a workstation.
#
quicktest:	./testfixture$(EXE)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/extraquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# The default test case.  Runs most of the faster standard TCL tests,
# and fuzz tests, and sqlite3_analyzer and sqldiff tests.
#
test:	$(TESTPROGS) sourcetest fastfuzztest
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# Run a test using valgrind.  This can take a really long time
# because valgrind is so much slower than a native machine.
#
valgrindtest:	$(TESTPROGS) valgrindfuzz
	OMIT_MISUSE=1 valgrind -v \
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/permutations.test valgrind $(TESTOPTS)







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  $(TOP)/src/test_autoext.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_async.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_bestindex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_blob.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_config.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_demovfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_devsym.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/vfslog.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
................................................................................

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata2.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata3.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata4.db \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata5.db

# Standard options to testfixture
#
TESTOPTS = --verbose=file --output=test-out.txt

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
DBFUZZ_OPT =

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................
	./srcck1 sqlite3.c

fuzzershell$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o fuzzershell$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
	  $(FUZZERSHELL_OPT) $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c \
	  $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

dbfuzz$(EXE):	$(TOP)/test/dbfuzz.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o dbfuzz$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
	  $(DBFUZZ_OPT) $(TOP)/test/dbfuzz.c sqlite3.c \
	  $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

fuzzcheck$(EXE):	$(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
	$(TCCX) -o fuzzcheck$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ \
		$(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

ossshell$(EXE):	$(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c $(TOP)/test/ossshell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o ossshell$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 $(FUZZCHECK_OPT) \
		$(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c $(TOP)/test/ossshell.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

mptester$(EXE):	sqlite3.c $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c
	$(TCCX) -o $@ -I. $(TOP)/mptest/mptest.c sqlite3.c \
		$(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

MPTEST1=./mptester$(EXE) mptest1.db $(TOP)/mptest/crash01.test --repeat 20
MPTEST2=./mptester$(EXE) mptest2.db $(TOP)/mptest/multiwrite01.test --repeat 20
................................................................................

fastfuzztest:	fuzzcheck$(EXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	./fuzzcheck$(EXE) --limit-mem 100M $(FUZZDATA)

valgrindfuzz:	fuzzcheck$(EXE) $(FUZZDATA)
	valgrind ./fuzzcheck$(EXE) --cell-size-check --limit-mem 10M --timeout 600 $(FUZZDATA)

# The veryquick.test TCL tests.
#
tcltest:	./testfixture$(EXE)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# A very quick test using only testfixture and omitting all the slower
# tests.  Designed to run in under 3 minutes on a workstation.
#
quicktest:	./testfixture$(EXE)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/extraquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

# The default test case.  Runs most of the faster standard TCL tests,
# and fuzz tests, and sqlite3_analyzer and sqldiff tests.
test:	fastfuzztest sourcetest $(TESTPROGS) tcltest



# Run a test using valgrind.  This can take a really long time
# because valgrind is so much slower than a native machine.
#
valgrindtest:	$(TESTPROGS) valgrindfuzz
	OMIT_MISUSE=1 valgrind -v \
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/permutations.test valgrind $(TESTOPTS)

Changes to src/alter.c.

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538
...
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
...
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
...
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
...
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
  if( NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ) goto exit_rename_table;
  assert( pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );

  pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pSrc->a[0]);
  if( !pTab ) goto exit_rename_table;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;

  /* Get a NULL terminated version of the new table name. */
  zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
  if( !zName ) goto exit_rename_table;

  /* Check that a table or index named 'zName' does not already exist
................................................................................
    /* If foreign-key support is enabled, rewrite the CREATE TABLE 
    ** statements corresponding to all child tables of foreign key constraints
    ** for which the renamed table is the parent table.  */
    if( (zWhere=whereForeignKeys(pParse, pTab))!=0 ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
          "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
              "sql = sqlite_rename_parent(sql, %Q, %Q) "
              "WHERE %s;", zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), zTabName, zName, zWhere);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Modify the sqlite_master table to use the new table name. */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
................................................................................
          "name = CASE "
            "WHEN type='table' THEN %Q "
            "WHEN name LIKE 'sqlite_autoindex%%' AND type='index' THEN "
             "'sqlite_autoindex_' || %Q || substr(name,%d+18) "
            "ELSE name END "
      "WHERE tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
          "(type='table' OR type='index' OR type='trigger');", 
      zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), zName, zName, zName, 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
      zName,
#endif
      zName, nTabName, zTabName
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( v!=0 );
  pNew = pParse->pNewTable;
  assert( pNew );

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pNew->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  zTab = &pNew->zName[16];  /* Skip the "sqlite_altertab_" prefix on the name */
  pCol = &pNew->aCol[pNew->nCol-1];
  pDflt = pCol->pDflt;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, zDb);
  assert( pTab );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................
      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }
    db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    db->flags = savedDbFlags;
  }

  /* Make sure the schema version is at least 3.  But do not upgrade
................................................................................
  ** prefix, we insure that the name will not collide with an existing
  ** table because user table are not allowed to have the "sqlite_"
  ** prefix on their name.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;
  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_altertab_%s", pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){
................................................................................
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;
  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( !v ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

exit_begin_add_column:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|












409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
...
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
...
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
...
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
...
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
...
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
...
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
  if( NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ) goto exit_rename_table;
  assert( pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );

  pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pSrc->a[0]);
  if( !pTab ) goto exit_rename_table;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;

  /* Get a NULL terminated version of the new table name. */
  zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
  if( !zName ) goto exit_rename_table;

  /* Check that a table or index named 'zName' does not already exist
................................................................................
    /* If foreign-key support is enabled, rewrite the CREATE TABLE 
    ** statements corresponding to all child tables of foreign key constraints
    ** for which the renamed table is the parent table.  */
    if( (zWhere=whereForeignKeys(pParse, pTab))!=0 ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
          "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
              "sql = sqlite_rename_parent(sql, %Q, %Q) "
              "WHERE %s;", zDb, MASTER_NAME, zTabName, zName, zWhere);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Modify the sqlite_master table to use the new table name. */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
................................................................................
          "name = CASE "
            "WHEN type='table' THEN %Q "
            "WHEN name LIKE 'sqlite_autoindex%%' AND type='index' THEN "
             "'sqlite_autoindex_' || %Q || substr(name,%d+18) "
            "ELSE name END "
      "WHERE tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
          "(type='table' OR type='index' OR type='trigger');", 
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, zName, zName, zName, 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
      zName,
#endif
      zName, nTabName, zTabName
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( v!=0 );
  pNew = pParse->pNewTable;
  assert( pNew );

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pNew->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  zTab = &pNew->zName[16];  /* Skip the "sqlite_altertab_" prefix on the name */
  pCol = &pNew->aCol[pNew->nCol-1];
  pDflt = pCol->pDflt;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, zDb);
  assert( pTab );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................
      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }
    db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    db->flags = savedDbFlags;
  }

  /* Make sure the schema version is at least 3.  But do not upgrade
................................................................................
  ** prefix, we insure that the name will not collide with an existing
  ** table because user table are not allowed to have the "sqlite_"
  ** prefix on their name.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nTabRef = 1;
  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_altertab_%s", pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){
................................................................................
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;
  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nTabRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( !v ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

exit_begin_add_column:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

Changes to src/analyze.c.

206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
...
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
...
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
....
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
....
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768

1769

1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
....
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_statN table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
................................................................................
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      aCreateTbl[i] = 0;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
           pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. 
  ** Open a read-only cursor on the table. Also allocate a cursor number
  ** to use for scanning indexes (iIdxCur). No index cursor is opened at
................................................................................
        sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Form 3: Analyze the fully qualified table name */
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pTableName);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pTableName);
      if( z ){
        if( (pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pIdx->pTable, pIdx);
        }else if( (pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
        }
................................................................................
    ** a buffer overread.  */
    pSample->n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, pSample->n + 2);
    if( pSample->p==0 ){
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }

    memcpy(pSample->p, sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4), pSample->n);

    pIdx->nSample++;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)!=0 ){
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);







|






|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







>
|
>







 







|







206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
...
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
...
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
....
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
....
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
....
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zDbSName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_statN table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zDbSName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
................................................................................
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      aCreateTbl[i] = 0;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
           pDb->zDbSName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. 
  ** Open a read-only cursor on the table. Also allocate a cursor number
  ** to use for scanning indexes (iIdxCur). No index cursor is opened at
................................................................................
        sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Form 3: Analyze the fully qualified table name */
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pTableName);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pTableName);
      if( z ){
        if( (pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pIdx->pTable, pIdx);
        }else if( (pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
        }
................................................................................
    ** a buffer overread.  */
    pSample->n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, pSample->n + 2);
    if( pSample->p==0 ){
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }
    if( pSample->n ){
      memcpy(pSample->p, sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4), pSample->n);
    }
    pIdx->nSample++;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)!=0 ){
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);

Changes to src/attach.c.

93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
...
133
134
135
136
137
138
139

140
141
142
143
144
145
146
...
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
...
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
...
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
...
321
322
323
324
325
326
327

328
329
330
331
332
333
334
...
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
...
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
    goto attach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot ATTACH database within transaction");
    goto attach_error;
  }
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    char *z = db->aDb[i].zName;
    assert( z && zName );
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(z, zName)==0 ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database %s is already in use", zName);
      goto attach_error;
    }
  }

................................................................................
    return;
  }
  assert( pVfs );
  flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &aNew->pBt, 0, flags);
  sqlite3_free( zPath );
  db->nDb++;

  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    aNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, aNew->pBt);
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
    sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(aNew->pBt,
                      PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_FULL | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
#endif
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(aNew->pBt);
  }
  aNew->safety_level = SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS+1;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }


#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    extern int sqlite3CodecAttach(sqlite3*, int, const void*, int);
................................................................................
        zKey = (char *)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[2]);
        rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;

      case SQLITE_NULL:
        /* No key specified.  Use the key from the main database */
        sqlite3CodecGetKey(db, 0, (void**)&zKey, &nKey);
        if( nKey>0 || sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(db->aDb[0].pBt)>0 ){
          rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        }
        break;
    }
  }
#endif

................................................................................

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zName, zName)==0 ) break;
  }

  if( i>=db->nDb ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "no such database: %s", zName);
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( i<2 ){
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;


  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
................................................................................
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  pFix->bVarOnly = (iDb==1);
}

/*
................................................................................
      if( pFix->pParse->db->init.busy ){
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse, "%s cannot use variables", pFix->zType);
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;







|







 







>







 







|
|







 







|







 







|







 







>







 







|







 







|







93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
...
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
...
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
...
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
...
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
...
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
...
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
...
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
    goto attach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot ATTACH database within transaction");
    goto attach_error;
  }
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    char *z = db->aDb[i].zDbSName;
    assert( z && zName );
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(z, zName)==0 ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database %s is already in use", zName);
      goto attach_error;
    }
  }

................................................................................
    return;
  }
  assert( pVfs );
  flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &aNew->pBt, 0, flags);
  sqlite3_free( zPath );
  db->nDb++;
  db->skipBtreeMutex = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    aNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, aNew->pBt);
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
    sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(aNew->pBt,
                      PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_FULL | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
#endif
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(aNew->pBt);
  }
  aNew->safety_level = SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS+1;
  aNew->zDbSName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zDbSName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }


#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    extern int sqlite3CodecAttach(sqlite3*, int, const void*, int);
................................................................................
        zKey = (char *)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[2]);
        rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;

      case SQLITE_NULL:
        /* No key specified.  Use the key from the main database */
        sqlite3CodecGetKey(db, 0, (void**)&zKey, &nKey);
        if( nKey || sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(db->aDb[0].pBt)>0 ){
          rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        }
        break;
    }
  }
#endif

................................................................................

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zDbSName, zName)==0 ) break;
  }

  if( i>=db->nDb ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "no such database: %s", zName);
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( i<2 ){
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;

  if( pParse->nErr ) goto attach_end;
  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
................................................................................
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  pFix->bVarOnly = (iDb==1);
}

/*
................................................................................
      if( pFix->pParse->db->init.busy ){
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse, "%s cannot use variables", pFix->zType);
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Leaf) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;

Changes to src/auth.c.

103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
*/
int sqlite3AuthReadCol(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* The parser context */
  const char *zTab,               /* Table name */
  const char *zCol,               /* Column name */
  int iDb                         /* Index of containing database. */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName; /* Name of attached database */
  int rc;                         /* Auth callback return code */

  if( db->init.busy ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, SQLITE_READ, zTab,zCol,zDb,pParse->zAuthContext
#ifdef SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
                 ,db->auth.zAuthUser
#endif
                );







|
|
|







103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
*/
int sqlite3AuthReadCol(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* The parser context */
  const char *zTab,               /* Table name */
  const char *zCol,               /* Column name */
  int iDb                         /* Index of containing database. */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;          /* Database handle */
  char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName; /* Schema name of attached database */
  int rc;                            /* Auth callback return code */

  if( db->init.busy ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, SQLITE_READ, zTab,zCol,zDb,pParse->zAuthContext
#ifdef SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
                 ,db->auth.zAuthUser
#endif
                );

Changes to src/backup.c.

79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
...
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
...
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402


















403
404
405
406
407
408
409
** function. If an error occurs while doing so, return 0 and write an 
** error message to pErrorDb.
*/
static Btree *findBtree(sqlite3 *pErrorDb, sqlite3 *pDb, const char *zDb){
  int i = sqlite3FindDbName(pDb, zDb);

  if( i==1 ){
    Parse *pParse;
    int rc = 0;
    pParse = sqlite3StackAllocZero(pErrorDb, sizeof(*pParse));
    if( pParse==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(pErrorDb, SQLITE_NOMEM, "out of memory");
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }else{
      pParse->db = pDb;
      if( sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pParse) ){
        sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(pErrorDb, pParse->rc, "%s", pParse->zErrMsg);
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(pErrorDb, pParse->zErrMsg);
      sqlite3ParserReset(pParse);
      sqlite3StackFree(pErrorDb, pParse);
    }
    if( rc ){
      return 0;
    }
  }

  if( i<0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(pErrorDb, SQLITE_ERROR, "unknown database %s", zDb);
................................................................................
    p->pDest = findBtree(pDestDb, pDestDb, zDestDb);
    p->pDestDb = pDestDb;
    p->pSrcDb = pSrcDb;
    p->iNext = 1;
    p->isAttached = 0;

    if( 0==p->pSrc || 0==p->pDest 
     || setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM 
     || checkReadTransaction(pDestDb, p->pDest)!=SQLITE_OK 
     ){
      /* One (or both) of the named databases did not exist or an OOM
      ** error was hit. Or there is a transaction open on the destination
      ** database. The error has already been written into the pDestDb 
      ** handle. All that is left to do here is free the sqlite3_backup 
      ** structure.  */
................................................................................
    */
    if( p->pDestDb && p->pSrc->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

    /* Lock the destination database, if it is not locked already. */
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && p->bDestLocked==0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pDest, 2)) 
    ){
      p->bDestLocked = 1;
      sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(p->pDest, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, &p->iDestSchema);
    }

    /* If there is no open read-transaction on the source database, open
    ** one now. If a transaction is opened here, then it will be closed
    ** before this function exits.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(p->pSrc) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pSrc, 0);
      bCloseTrans = 1;
    }



















    /* Do not allow backup if the destination database is in WAL mode
    ** and the page sizes are different between source and destination */
    pgszSrc = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
    pgszDest = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
    destMode = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest));
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && destMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL && pgszSrc!=pgszDest ){







|

|
<
<
<
<
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<







 







<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<








>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88




89
90
91
92
93
94
95


96
97
98
99
100
101
102
...
186
187
188
189
190
191
192

193
194
195
196
197
198
199
...
373
374
375
376
377
378
379








380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
** function. If an error occurs while doing so, return 0 and write an 
** error message to pErrorDb.
*/
static Btree *findBtree(sqlite3 *pErrorDb, sqlite3 *pDb, const char *zDb){
  int i = sqlite3FindDbName(pDb, zDb);

  if( i==1 ){
    Parse sParse;
    int rc = 0;
    memset(&sParse, 0, sizeof(sParse));




    sParse.db = pDb;
    if( sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(&sParse) ){
      sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(pErrorDb, sParse.rc, "%s", sParse.zErrMsg);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pErrorDb, sParse.zErrMsg);
    sqlite3ParserReset(&sParse);


    if( rc ){
      return 0;
    }
  }

  if( i<0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(pErrorDb, SQLITE_ERROR, "unknown database %s", zDb);
................................................................................
    p->pDest = findBtree(pDestDb, pDestDb, zDestDb);
    p->pDestDb = pDestDb;
    p->pSrcDb = pSrcDb;
    p->iNext = 1;
    p->isAttached = 0;

    if( 0==p->pSrc || 0==p->pDest 

     || checkReadTransaction(pDestDb, p->pDest)!=SQLITE_OK 
     ){
      /* One (or both) of the named databases did not exist or an OOM
      ** error was hit. Or there is a transaction open on the destination
      ** database. The error has already been written into the pDestDb 
      ** handle. All that is left to do here is free the sqlite3_backup 
      ** structure.  */
................................................................................
    */
    if( p->pDestDb && p->pSrc->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }









    /* If there is no open read-transaction on the source database, open
    ** one now. If a transaction is opened here, then it will be closed
    ** before this function exits.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(p->pSrc) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pSrc, 0);
      bCloseTrans = 1;
    }

    /* If the destination database has not yet been locked (i.e. if this
    ** is the first call to backup_step() for the current backup operation),
    ** try to set its page size to the same as the source database. This
    ** is especially important on ZipVFS systems, as in that case it is
    ** not possible to create a database file that uses one page size by
    ** writing to it with another.  */
    if( p->bDestLocked==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK && setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    /* Lock the destination database, if it is not locked already. */
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && p->bDestLocked==0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pDest, 2)) 
    ){
      p->bDestLocked = 1;
      sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(p->pDest, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, &p->iDestSchema);
    }

    /* Do not allow backup if the destination database is in WAL mode
    ** and the page sizes are different between source and destination */
    pgszSrc = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
    pgszDest = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
    destMode = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest));
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && destMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL && pgszSrc!=pgszDest ){

Changes to src/bitvec.c.

289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
...
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
** Return the value of the iSize parameter specified when Bitvec *p
** was created.
*/
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec *p){
  return p->iSize;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
*/
#define SETBIT(V,I)      V[I>>3] |= (1<<(I&7))
................................................................................
  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:
  sqlite3_free(pTmpSpace);
  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */







|







 







|
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
...
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
** Return the value of the iSize parameter specified when Bitvec *p
** was created.
*/
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec *p){
  return p->iSize;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
*/
#define SETBIT(V,I)      V[I>>3] |= (1<<(I&7))
................................................................................
  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:
  sqlite3_free(pTmpSpace);
  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */

Changes to src/btmutex.c.

179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187

188
189
190
191

192

193
194





195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203



204
205
206
207
208
209
210
** There is a corresponding leave-all procedures.
**
** Enter the mutexes in accending order by BtShared pointer address
** to avoid the possibility of deadlock when two threads with
** two or more btrees in common both try to lock all their btrees
** at the same instant.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;

  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;

    if( p ) sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  }
}





void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ) sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
}




#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the current thread holds the database connection
** mutex and all required BtShared mutexes.
**
** This routine is used inside assert() statements only.







|

>




>
|
>
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
|








>
>
>







179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
** There is a corresponding leave-all procedures.
**
** Enter the mutexes in accending order by BtShared pointer address
** to avoid the possibility of deadlock when two threads with
** two or more btrees in common both try to lock all their btrees
** at the same instant.
*/
static void SQLITE_NOINLINE btreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  int skipOk = 1;
  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
      skipOk = 0;
    }
  }
  db->skipBtreeMutex = skipOk;
}
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->skipBtreeMutex==0 ) btreeEnterAll(db);
}
static void SQLITE_NOINLINE btreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ) sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
}
void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->skipBtreeMutex==0 ) btreeLeaveAll(db);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the current thread holds the database connection
** mutex and all required BtShared mutexes.
**
** This routine is used inside assert() statements only.

Changes to src/btree.c.

824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
...
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979

980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
....
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811


1812

1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
....
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
....
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035




2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043

2044







2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
....
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
....
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603


2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610





2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
....
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
....
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
....
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
....
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
....
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
....
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
4666




4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
....
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
....
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
5037
5038
5039




5040
5041


5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063

5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082

5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
....
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253

5254
5255


5256
5257
5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
....
5282
5283
5284
5285
5286
5287
5288

5289
5290
5291
5292

5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
....
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555



5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
....
5662
5663
5664
5665
5666
5667
5668
5669
5670
5671
5672
5673
5674
5675
5676
....
5860
5861
5862
5863
5864
5865
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
....
6386
6387
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6407
6408
6409
6410
6411
6412
6413
6414
6415
6416
6417
6418
6419
6420
6421
6422
6423
....
6499
6500
6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
6506
6507
6508
6509
6510
6511
6512
6513
6514
....
6650
6651
6652
6653
6654
6655
6656
6657
6658
6659
6660
6661
6662
6663
6664
....
6734
6735
6736
6737
6738
6739
6740
6741



6742
6743
6744
6745
6746
6747
6748
....
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
7484
7485
7486
7487
....
8327
8328
8329
8330
8331
8332
8333
8334
8335
8336


8337
8338
8339
8340
8341
8342
8343
8344


8345
8346
8347
8348
8349
8350
8351
....
8398
8399
8400
8401
8402
8403
8404


8405
8406
8407
8408
8409
8410
8411
8412












8413

8414
8415
8416
8417
8418
8419
8420
....
8427
8428
8429
8430
8431
8432
8433
8434
8435
8436
8437
8438
8439
8440
8441
8442
8443
8444











8445
8446
8447
8448
8449
8450
8451
8452
....
8514
8515
8516
8517
8518
8519
8520
8521
8522
8523
8524
8525
8526
8527
8528
....
8586
8587
8588
8589
8590
8591
8592
8593
8594
8595
8596
8597
8598
8599
8600
8601
....
8837
8838
8839
8840
8841
8842
8843
8844
8845
8846
8847
8848
8849
8850
8851
....
8857
8858
8859
8860
8861
8862
8863
8864
8865
8866
8867
8868
8869
8870
8871
....
8948
8949
8950
8951
8952
8953
8954
8955
8956
8957
8958
8959
8960
8961
8962
8963
8964
8965
8966
8967
8968
8969
8970
8971
8972
8973
8974
8975

8976
8977
8978
8979
8980
8981
8982
....
9878
9879
9880
9881
9882
9883
9884
9885
9886
9887
9888
9889
9890
9891
9892
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(pCur);
  }else{
    /* For an index btree, save the complete key content */
    void *pKey;
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
    pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
................................................................................
  const void *pKey,   /* Packed key if the btree is an index */
  i64 nKey,           /* Integer key for tables.  Size of pKey for indices */
  int bias,           /* Bias search to the high end */
  int *pRes           /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;                    /* Status code */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;   /* Unpacked index key */
  char aSpace[200];          /* Temp space for pIdxKey - to avoid a malloc */
  char *pFree = 0;

  if( pKey ){
    assert( nKey==(i64)(int)nKey );
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pCur->pKeyInfo, aSpace, sizeof(aSpace), &pFree
    );
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pCur->pKeyInfo, (int)nKey, pKey, pIdxKey);
    if( pIdxKey->nField==0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(pCur->pKeyInfo->db, pFree);
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }else{
    pIdxKey = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, pIdxKey, nKey, bias, pRes);

  if( pFree ){
    sqlite3DbFree(pCur->pKeyInfo->db, pFree);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Restore the cursor to the position it was in (or as close to as possible)
** when saveCursorPosition() was called. Note that this call deletes the 
................................................................................
  ** spot on the list where iStart should be inserted.
  */
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  iPtr = hdr + 1;
  if( data[iPtr+1]==0 && data[iPtr]==0 ){
    iFreeBlk = 0;  /* Shortcut for the case when the freelist is empty */
  }else{
    while( (iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iPtr]))>0 && iFreeBlk<iStart ){


      if( iFreeBlk<iPtr+4 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pBt->db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    u16 pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    u8 hdr;            /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    u16 cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
................................................................................

    /* Compute the total free space on the page
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-23588-34450 The two-byte integer at offset 1 gives the
    ** start of the first freeblock on the page, or is zero if there are no
    ** freeblocks. */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top;  /* Init nFree to non-freeblock free space */
    while( pc>0 ){
      u16 next, size;
      if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55530-52930 In a well-formed b-tree page, there will
        ** always be at least one cell before the first freeblock.
        **
        ** Or, the freeblock is off the end of the page
        */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }




      next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( (next>0 && next<=pc+size+3) || pc+size>usableSize ){
        /* Free blocks must be in ascending order. And the last byte of
        ** the free-block must lie on the database page.  */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      nFree = nFree + size;

      pc = next;







    }

    /* At this point, nFree contains the sum of the offset to the start
    ** of the cell-content area plus the number of free bytes within
    ** the cell-content area. If this is greater than the usable-size
    ** of the page, then the page must be corrupted. This check also
    ** serves to verify that the offset to the start of the cell-content
................................................................................
  
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename,
                          EXTRA_SIZE, flags, vfsFlags, pageReinit);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(pBt->pPager, db->szMmap);
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  *ppBtree = p;

btree_open_out:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt && pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;
  }else{


    /* If the B-Tree was successfully opened, set the pager-cache size to the
    ** default value. Except, when opening on an existing shared pager-cache,
    ** do not change the pager-cache size.
    */
    if( sqlite3BtreeSchema(p, 0, 0)==0 ){
      sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(p->pBt->pPager, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }





  }
  if( mutexOpen ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mutexOpen) );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexOpen);
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3BtreeConnectionCount(*ppBtree)>0 );
  return rc;
................................................................................
  if( !p->sharable || removeFromSharingList(pBt) ){
    /* The pBt is no longer on the sharing list, so we can access
    ** it without having to hold the mutex.
    **
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }
................................................................................
** map entries for the overflow pages as well.
*/
static int setChildPtrmaps(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                             /* Counter variable */
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  u8 isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = btreeInitPage(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
  }
  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);

    ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, &rc);

................................................................................
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    Pgno childPgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno, &rc);
  }

set_child_ptrmaps_out:
  pPage->isInit = isInitOrig;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Somewhere on pPage is a pointer to page iFrom.  Modify this pointer so
** that it points to iTo. Parameter eType describes the type of pointer to
** be modified, as  follows:
................................................................................
  if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 ){
    /* The pointer is always the first 4 bytes of the page in this case.  */
    if( get4byte(pPage->aData)!=iFrom ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{
    u8 isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
    int i;
    int nCell;
    int rc;

    rc = btreeInitPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;
................................................................................
    if( i==nCell ){
      if( eType!=PTRMAP_BTREE || 
          get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8])!=iFrom ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], iTo);
    }

    pPage->isInit = isInitOrig;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Move the open database page pDbPage to location iFreePage in the 
................................................................................
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur && pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID;
}
#endif /* NDEBUG */





/*
** Return the value of the integer key or "rowid" for a table btree.
** This routine is only valid for a cursor that is pointing into a
** ordinary table btree.  If the cursor points to an index btree or
** is invalid, the result of this routine is undefined.
*/
................................................................................
        ** up loading large records that span many overflow pages.
        */
        if( (eOp&0x01)==0                                      /* (1) */
         && offset==0                                          /* (2) */
         && (bEnd || a==ovflSize)                              /* (6) */
         && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_READ                     /* (4) */
         && (fd = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager))->pMethods     /* (3) */
         && pBt->pPage1->aData[19]==0x01                       /* (5) */
         && &pBuf[-4]>=pBufStart                               /* (7) */
        ){
          u8 aSave[4];
          u8 *aWrite = &pBuf[-4];
          assert( aWrite>=pBufStart );                         /* hence (7) */
          memcpy(aSave, aWrite, 4);
          rc = sqlite3OsRead(fd, aWrite, a+4, (i64)pBt->pageSize*(nextPage-1));
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transferred into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**




** The caller must ensure that pCur is pointing to a valid row
** in the table.


**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  return accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0);
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/

int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  if ( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if index btrees (pPage->intKey==0) and is the data for
** table btrees (pPage->intKey==1). The number of bytes of available
** key/data is written into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    while( pCur->iPage ){

      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]!=0 );
      releasePageNotNull(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);


    }
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    assert( pCur->iPage==(-1) );
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                        0, pCur->curPagerFlags);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
    pCur->curIntKey = pCur->apPage[0]->intKey;
  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );

................................................................................
  ** in such a way that page pRoot is linked into a second b-tree table 
  ** (or the freelist).  */
  assert( pRoot->intKey==1 || pRoot->intKey==0 );
  if( pRoot->isInit==0 || (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)!=pRoot->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }


  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);


  if( pRoot->nCell>0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
  }else if( !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
................................................................................
          lwr = idx+1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = -1; break; }
        }else if( nCellKey>intKey ){
          upr = idx-1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = +1; break; }
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey==intKey );
          pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
          pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          if( !pPage->leaf ){
            lwr = idx;
            goto moveto_next_layer;
          }else{



            *pRes = 0;
            rc = SQLITE_OK;
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
        }
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2; */
      }
    }else{
      for(;;){
................................................................................
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)lwr;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) break;
  }
moveto_finish:
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);
    }
    assert( pCur->info.nSize==0 );
    assert( (pCur->curFlags & (BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl))==0 );

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.  Write the
** local Cell size (the number of bytes on the original page, omitting
** overflow) into *pnSize.
*/
static int clearCell(
  MemPage *pPage,          /* The page that contains the Cell */
  unsigned char *pCell,    /* First byte of the Cell */
  u16 *pnSize              /* Write the size of the Cell here */
){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.nLocal==info.nPayload ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.nSize-1 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(pCell + info.nSize - 4);
  assert( pBt->usableSize > 4 );
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( nOvfl>0 || 
    (CORRUPT_DB && (info.nPayload + ovflPageSize)<ovflPageSize)
  );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
    Pgno iNext = 0;
    MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
    if( ovflPgno<2 || ovflPgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
      /* 0 is not a legal page number and page 1 cannot be an 
      ** overflow page. Therefore if ovflPgno<2 or past the end of the 
................................................................................
    nPayload = pX->nData + pX->nZero;
    pSrc = pX->pData;
    nSrc = pX->nData;
    assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf ); /* fillInCell() only called for leaves */
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nPayload);
    nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&pX->nKey);
  }else{
    assert( pX->nData==0 );
    assert( pX->nZero==0 );
    assert( pX->nKey<=0x7fffffff && pX->pKey!=0 );
    nSrc = nPayload = (int)pX->nKey;
    pSrc = pX->pKey;
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nPayload);
  }
  
  /* Fill in the payload */
................................................................................
  u32 pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */
  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &pPage->aCellIdx[2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
................................................................................
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<(int)(sizeof(pPage->apOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->apOvfl[0])) );



    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;

    /* When multiple overflows occur, they are always sequential and in
    ** sorted order.  This invariants arise because multiple overflows can
    ** only occur when inserting divider cells into the parent page during
    ** balancing, and the dividers are adjacent and sorted.
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] && pParent->nOverflow ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
................................................................................
** hold the content of the row.
**
** For an index btree (used for indexes and WITHOUT ROWID tables), the
** key is an arbitrary byte sequence stored in pX.pKey,nKey.  The 
** pX.pData,nData,nZero fields must be zero.
**
** If the seekResult parameter is non-zero, then a successful call to
** MovetoUnpacked() to seek cursor pCur to (pKey, nKey) has already
** been performed. seekResult is the search result returned (a negative
** number if pCur points at an entry that is smaller than (pKey, nKey), or


** a positive value if pCur points at an entry that is larger than 
** (pKey, nKey)). 
**
** If the seekResult parameter is non-zero, then the caller guarantees that
** cursor pCur is pointing at the existing copy of a row that is to be
** overwritten.  If the seekResult parameter is 0, then cursor pCur may
** point to any entry or to no entry at all and so this function has to seek
** the cursor before the new key can be inserted.


*/
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(
  BtCursor *pCur,                /* Insert data into the table of this cursor */
  const BtreePayload *pX,        /* Content of the row to be inserted */
  int appendBias,                /* True if this is likely an append */
  int seekResult                 /* Result of prior MovetoUnpacked() call */
){
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pX->nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary
    ** btreeMoveto() call */


    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && pX->nKey>0
      && pCur->info.nKey==pX->nKey-1 ){
       loc = -1;
    }else if( loc==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, 0, pX->nKey, appendBias, &loc);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }else if( loc==0 ){












    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pX->pKey, pX->nKey, appendBias, &loc);

    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->intKey || pX->nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );
................................................................................
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pX, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell, &szOld);











    dropCell(pPage, idx, szOld, &rc);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
................................................................................
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;              
  int rc;                              /* Return code */
  MemPage *pPage;                      /* Page to delete cell from */
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 
  u16 szCell;                          /* Size of the cell being deleted */
  int bSkipnext = 0;                   /* Leaf cursor in SKIPNEXT state */
  u8 bPreserve = flags & BTREE_SAVEPOSITION;  /* Keep cursor valid */

  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
................................................................................
  }

  /* Make the page containing the entry to be deleted writable. Then free any
  ** overflow pages associated with the entry and finally remove the cell
  ** itself from within the page.  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &szCell);
  dropCell(pPage, iCellIdx, szCell, &rc);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* If the cell deleted was not located on a leaf page, then the cursor
  ** is currently pointing to the largest entry in the sub-tree headed
  ** by the child-page of the cell that was just deleted from an internal
  ** node. The cell from the leaf node needs to be moved to the internal
  ** node to replace the deleted cell.  */
................................................................................
  int *pnChange            /* Add number of Cells freed to this counter */
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;
  int hdr;
  u16 szCell;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pnChange);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &szCell);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdr+8]), 1, pnChange);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }else if( pnChange ){
    assert( pPage->intKey || CORRUPT_DB );
................................................................................
static int btreeDropTable(Btree *p, Pgno iTable, int *piMoved){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );

  /* It is illegal to drop a table if any cursors are open on the
  ** database. This is because in auto-vacuum mode the backend may
  ** need to move another root-page to fill a gap left by the deleted
  ** root page. If an open cursor was using this page a problem would 
  ** occur.
  **
  ** This error is caught long before control reaches this point.
  */
  if( NEVER(pBt->pCursor) ){
    sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(p->db, pBt->pCursor->pBtree->db);
    return SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE;
  }

  /*
  ** It is illegal to drop the sqlite_master table on page 1.  But again,
  ** this error is caught long before reaching this point.
  */
  if( NEVER(iTable<2) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }


  rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, &pPage, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(p, iTable, 0);
  if( rc ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_NONE ){
      rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(pBt->pPager, eMode, pnLog, pnCkpt);
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif








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824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
...
955
956
957
958
959
960
961


962
963
964
965


966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
....
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
....
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
....
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030


2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039





2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
....
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
....
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
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2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
....
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
....
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513

3514
3515
3516
3517
3518


3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
....
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536


3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
....
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563

3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
....
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598


3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
....
4664
4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
4681
....
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
....
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052

5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066










5067
5068
5069


5070
5071
5072


5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
....
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
....
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
....
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554


5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564

5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
....
5668
5669
5670
5671
5672
5673
5674
5675
5676
5677
5678
5679
5680
5681
5682
....
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
....
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401

6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6407
6408
6409

6410
6411
6412
6413
6414
6415
6416
6417
6418
6419
6420
6421
6422
6423
6424
6425
6426
6427
....
6503
6504
6505
6506
6507
6508
6509


6510
6511
6512
6513
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6515
6516
....
6652
6653
6654
6655
6656
6657
6658

6659
6660
6661
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6664
6665
....
6735
6736
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6738
6739
6740
6741
6742
6743
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6748
6749
6750
6751
6752
....
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
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7491
....
8331
8332
8333
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8343

8344

8345
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....
8404
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....
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....
8546
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....
8618
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....
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....
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8900
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8902
8903
....
8980
8981
8982
8983
8984
8985
8986





















8987
8988
8989
8990
8991
8992
8993
8994
....
9890
9891
9892
9893
9894
9895
9896
9897
9898
9899
9900
9901
9902
9903
9904
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(pCur);
  }else{
    /* For an index btree, save the complete key content */
    void *pKey;
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
    pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
................................................................................
  const void *pKey,   /* Packed key if the btree is an index */
  i64 nKey,           /* Integer key for tables.  Size of pKey for indices */
  int bias,           /* Bias search to the high end */
  int *pRes           /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;                    /* Status code */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;   /* Unpacked index key */



  if( pKey ){
    assert( nKey==(i64)(int)nKey );
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(pCur->pKeyInfo);


    if( pIdxKey==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pCur->pKeyInfo, (int)nKey, pKey, pIdxKey);
    if( pIdxKey->nField==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto moveto_done;
    }
  }else{
    pIdxKey = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, pIdxKey, nKey, bias, pRes);
moveto_done:
  if( pIdxKey ){
    sqlite3DbFree(pCur->pKeyInfo->db, pIdxKey);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Restore the cursor to the position it was in (or as close to as possible)
** when saveCursorPosition() was called. Note that this call deletes the 
................................................................................
  ** spot on the list where iStart should be inserted.
  */
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  iPtr = hdr + 1;
  if( data[iPtr+1]==0 && data[iPtr]==0 ){
    iFreeBlk = 0;  /* Shortcut for the case when the freelist is empty */
  }else{
    while( (iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iPtr]))<iStart ){
      if( iFreeBlk<iPtr+4 ){
        if( iFreeBlk==0 ) break;
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pBt->db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    int pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    u8 hdr;            /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    u16 cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
................................................................................

    /* Compute the total free space on the page
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-23588-34450 The two-byte integer at offset 1 gives the
    ** start of the first freeblock on the page, or is zero if there are no
    ** freeblocks. */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top;  /* Init nFree to non-freeblock free space */
    if( pc>0 ){
      u32 next, size;
      if( pc<iCellFirst ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55530-52930 In a well-formed b-tree page, there will
        ** always be at least one cell before the first freeblock.


        */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      while( 1 ){
        if( pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; /* Freeblock off the end of the page */
        }
        next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
        size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);





        nFree = nFree + size;
        if( next<=pc+size+3 ) break;
        pc = next;
      }
      if( next>0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Freeblock not in ascending order */
      }
      if( pc+size>(unsigned int)usableSize ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Last freeblock extends past page end */
      }
    }

    /* At this point, nFree contains the sum of the offset to the start
    ** of the cell-content area plus the number of free bytes within
    ** the cell-content area. If this is greater than the usable-size
    ** of the page, then the page must be corrupted. This check also
    ** serves to verify that the offset to the start of the cell-content
................................................................................
  
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename,
                          sizeof(MemPage), flags, vfsFlags, pageReinit);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(pBt->pPager, db->szMmap);
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  *ppBtree = p;

btree_open_out:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt && pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3_file *pFile;

    /* If the B-Tree was successfully opened, set the pager-cache size to the
    ** default value. Except, when opening on an existing shared pager-cache,
    ** do not change the pager-cache size.
    */
    if( sqlite3BtreeSchema(p, 0, 0)==0 ){
      sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(p->pBt->pPager, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }

    pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager);
    if( pFile->pMethods ){
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_FCNTL_PDB, (void*)&pBt->db);
    }
  }
  if( mutexOpen ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mutexOpen) );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexOpen);
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3BtreeConnectionCount(*ppBtree)>0 );
  return rc;
................................................................................
  if( !p->sharable || removeFromSharingList(pBt) ){
    /* The pBt is no longer on the sharing list, so we can access
    ** it without having to hold the mutex.
    **
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager, p->db);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }
................................................................................
** map entries for the overflow pages as well.
*/
static int setChildPtrmaps(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                             /* Counter variable */
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;

  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = btreeInitPage(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;


  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);

    ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, &rc);

................................................................................
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    Pgno childPgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno, &rc);
  }



  return rc;
}

/*
** Somewhere on pPage is a pointer to page iFrom.  Modify this pointer so
** that it points to iTo. Parameter eType describes the type of pointer to
** be modified, as  follows:
................................................................................
  if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 ){
    /* The pointer is always the first 4 bytes of the page in this case.  */
    if( get4byte(pPage->aData)!=iFrom ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{

    int i;
    int nCell;
    int rc;

    rc = btreeInitPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;
................................................................................
    if( i==nCell ){
      if( eType!=PTRMAP_BTREE || 
          get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8])!=iFrom ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], iTo);
    }


  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Move the open database page pDbPage to location iFreePage in the 
................................................................................
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur && pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID;
}
#endif /* NDEBUG */
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValidNN(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( pCur!=0 );
  return pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID;
}

/*
** Return the value of the integer key or "rowid" for a table btree.
** This routine is only valid for a cursor that is pointing into a
** ordinary table btree.  If the cursor points to an index btree or
** is invalid, the result of this routine is undefined.
*/
................................................................................
        ** up loading large records that span many overflow pages.
        */
        if( (eOp&0x01)==0                                      /* (1) */
         && offset==0                                          /* (2) */
         && (bEnd || a==ovflSize)                              /* (6) */
         && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_READ                     /* (4) */
         && (fd = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager))->pMethods     /* (3) */
         && 0==sqlite3PagerUseWal(pBt->pPager)                 /* (5) */
         && &pBuf[-4]>=pBufStart                               /* (7) */
        ){
          u8 aSave[4];
          u8 *aWrite = &pBuf[-4];
          assert( aWrite>=pBufStart );                         /* hence (7) */
          memcpy(aSave, aWrite, 4);
          rc = sqlite3OsRead(fd, aWrite, a+4, (i64)pBt->pageSize*(nextPage-1));
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the payload for the row at which that cursor pCur is currently
** pointing.  "amt" bytes will be transferred into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** pCur can be pointing to either a table or an index b-tree.
** If pointing to a table btree, then the content section is read.  If
** pCur is pointing to an index b-tree then the key section is read.
**
** For sqlite3BtreePayload(), the caller must ensure that pCur is pointing

** to a valid row in the table.  For sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(), the
** cursor might be invalid or might need to be restored before being read.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePayload(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  return accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0);
}










#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
int sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;


  if ( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }


  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB */

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if index btrees (pPage->intKey==0) and is the data for
** table btrees (pPage->intKey==1). The number of bytes of available
** key/data is written into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    if( pCur->iPage ){
      do{
        assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]!=0 );
        releasePageNotNull(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);
      }while( pCur->iPage);
      goto skip_init;
    }
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    assert( pCur->iPage==(-1) );
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                        0, pCur->curPagerFlags);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
       return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
    pCur->curIntKey = pCur->apPage[0]->intKey;
  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );

................................................................................
  ** in such a way that page pRoot is linked into a second b-tree table 
  ** (or the freelist).  */
  assert( pRoot->intKey==1 || pRoot->intKey==0 );
  if( pRoot->isInit==0 || (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)!=pRoot->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

skip_init:  
  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);

  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  if( pRoot->nCell>0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
  }else if( !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
................................................................................
          lwr = idx+1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = -1; break; }
        }else if( nCellKey>intKey ){
          upr = idx-1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = +1; break; }
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey==intKey );


          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          if( !pPage->leaf ){
            lwr = idx;
            goto moveto_next_layer;
          }else{
            pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
            pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
            pCur->info.nSize = 0;
            *pRes = 0;
            return SQLITE_OK;

          }
        }
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2; */
      }
    }else{
      for(;;){
................................................................................
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)lwr;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) break;
  }
moveto_finish:
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)==0 );
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);
    }
    assert( pCur->info.nSize==0 );
    assert( (pCur->curFlags & (BTCF_ValidOvfl))==0 );

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.  Write the
** local Cell size (the number of bytes on the original page, omitting
** overflow) into *pnSize.
*/
static int clearCell(
  MemPage *pPage,          /* The page that contains the Cell */
  unsigned char *pCell,    /* First byte of the Cell */
  CellInfo *pInfo          /* Size information about the cell */
){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;

  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, pInfo);
  if( pInfo->nLocal==pInfo->nPayload ){

    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+pInfo->nSize-1 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(pCell + pInfo->nSize - 4);
  assert( pBt->usableSize > 4 );
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (pInfo->nPayload - pInfo->nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( nOvfl>0 || 
    (CORRUPT_DB && (pInfo->nPayload + ovflPageSize)<ovflPageSize)
  );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
    Pgno iNext = 0;
    MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
    if( ovflPgno<2 || ovflPgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
      /* 0 is not a legal page number and page 1 cannot be an 
      ** overflow page. Therefore if ovflPgno<2 or past the end of the 
................................................................................
    nPayload = pX->nData + pX->nZero;
    pSrc = pX->pData;
    nSrc = pX->nData;
    assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf ); /* fillInCell() only called for leaves */
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nPayload);
    nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&pX->nKey);
  }else{


    assert( pX->nKey<=0x7fffffff && pX->pKey!=0 );
    nSrc = nPayload = (int)pX->nKey;
    pSrc = pX->pKey;
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nPayload);
  }
  
  /* Fill in the payload */
................................................................................
  u32 pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */
  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &pPage->aCellIdx[2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
................................................................................
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    /* Comparison against ArraySize-1 since we hold back one extra slot
    ** as a contingency.  In other words, never need more than 3 overflow
    ** slots but 4 are allocated, just to be safe. */
    assert( j < ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)-1 );
    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;

    /* When multiple overflows occur, they are always sequential and in
    ** sorted order.  This invariants arise because multiple overflows can
    ** only occur when inserting divider cells into the parent page during
    ** balancing, and the dividers are adjacent and sorted.
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( pParent->nOverflow && i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
................................................................................
** hold the content of the row.
**
** For an index btree (used for indexes and WITHOUT ROWID tables), the
** key is an arbitrary byte sequence stored in pX.pKey,nKey.  The 
** pX.pData,nData,nZero fields must be zero.
**
** If the seekResult parameter is non-zero, then a successful call to
** MovetoUnpacked() to seek cursor pCur to (pKey,nKey) has already
** been performed.  In other words, if seekResult!=0 then the cursor
** is currently pointing to a cell that will be adjacent to the cell
** to be inserted.  If seekResult<0 then pCur points to a cell that is
** smaller then (pKey,nKey).  If seekResult>0 then pCur points to a cell
** that is larger than (pKey,nKey).

**

** If seekResult==0, that means pCur is pointing at some unknown location.
** In that case, this routine must seek the cursor to the correct insertion
** point for (pKey,nKey) before doing the insertion.  For index btrees,
** if pX->nMem is non-zero, then pX->aMem contains pointers to the unpacked
** key values and pX->aMem can be used instead of pX->pKey to avoid having
** to decode the key.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(
  BtCursor *pCur,                /* Insert data into the table of this cursor */
  const BtreePayload *pX,        /* Content of the row to be inserted */
  int appendBias,                /* True if this is likely an append */
  int seekResult                 /* Result of prior MovetoUnpacked() call */
){
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pX->nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary
    ** btreeMoveto() call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && pX->nKey==pCur->info.nKey ){
      loc = 0;
    }else if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && pX->nKey>0
               && pCur->info.nKey==pX->nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }else if( loc==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, 0, pX->nKey, appendBias, &loc);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }else if( loc==0 ){
    if( pX->nMem ){
      UnpackedRecord r;
      r.pKeyInfo = pCur->pKeyInfo;
      r.aMem = pX->aMem;
      r.nField = pX->nMem;
      r.default_rc = 0;
      r.errCode = 0;
      r.r1 = 0;
      r.r2 = 0;
      r.eqSeen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, &r, 0, appendBias, &loc);
    }else{
      rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pX->pKey, pX->nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    }
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->intKey || pX->nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );
................................................................................
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pX, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    CellInfo info;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell, &info);
    if( info.nSize==szNew && info.nLocal==info.nPayload ){
      /* Overwrite the old cell with the new if they are the same size.
      ** We could also try to do this if the old cell is smaller, then add
      ** the leftover space to the free list.  But experiments show that
      ** doing that is no faster then skipping this optimization and just
      ** calling dropCell() and insertCell(). */
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK ); /* clearCell never fails when nLocal==nPayload */
      if( oldCell+szNew > pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      memcpy(oldCell, newCell, szNew);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    dropCell(pPage, idx, info.nSize, &rc);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
................................................................................
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;              
  int rc;                              /* Return code */
  MemPage *pPage;                      /* Page to delete cell from */
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 
  CellInfo info;                       /* Size of the cell being deleted */
  int bSkipnext = 0;                   /* Leaf cursor in SKIPNEXT state */
  u8 bPreserve = flags & BTREE_SAVEPOSITION;  /* Keep cursor valid */

  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
................................................................................
  }

  /* Make the page containing the entry to be deleted writable. Then free any
  ** overflow pages associated with the entry and finally remove the cell
  ** itself from within the page.  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  dropCell(pPage, iCellIdx, info.nSize, &rc);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* If the cell deleted was not located on a leaf page, then the cursor
  ** is currently pointing to the largest entry in the sub-tree headed
  ** by the child-page of the cell that was just deleted from an internal
  ** node. The cell from the leaf node needs to be moved to the internal
  ** node to replace the deleted cell.  */
................................................................................
  int *pnChange            /* Add number of Cells freed to this counter */
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;
  int hdr;
  CellInfo info;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pnChange);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdr+8]), 1, pnChange);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }else if( pnChange ){
    assert( pPage->intKey || CORRUPT_DB );
................................................................................
static int btreeDropTable(Btree *p, Pgno iTable, int *piMoved){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );





















  assert( iTable>=2 );

  rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, &pPage, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(p, iTable, 0);
  if( rc ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_NONE ){
      rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(pBt->pPager, p->db, eMode, pnLog, pnCkpt);
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

Changes to src/btree.h.

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int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);

int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);

int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *, int, int);

const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *);
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *, Btree *);

int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *);
................................................................................
** organized and understandable, and it also helps the resulting code to
** run a little faster by using fewer registers for parameter passing.
*/
struct BtreePayload {
  const void *pKey;       /* Key content for indexes.  NULL for tables */
  sqlite3_int64 nKey;     /* Size of pKey for indexes.  PRIMARY KEY for tabs */
  const void *pData;      /* Data for tables.  NULL for indexes */


  int nData;              /* Size of pData.  0 if none. */
  int nZero;              /* Extra zero data appended after pData,nData */
};

int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const BtreePayload *pPayload,
                       int bias, int seekResult);
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
i64 sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
const void *sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
u32 sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);



int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);

void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void);

int sqlite3BtreeExclusiveLock(Btree *pBt);

#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);







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int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);
#endif
int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *, int, int);

const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *);
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *, Btree *);

int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *);
................................................................................
** organized and understandable, and it also helps the resulting code to
** run a little faster by using fewer registers for parameter passing.
*/
struct BtreePayload {
  const void *pKey;       /* Key content for indexes.  NULL for tables */
  sqlite3_int64 nKey;     /* Size of pKey for indexes.  PRIMARY KEY for tabs */
  const void *pData;      /* Data for tables.  NULL for indexes */
  struct Mem *aMem;       /* First of nMem value in the unpacked pKey */
  u16 nMem;               /* Number of aMem[] value.  Might be zero */
  int nData;              /* Size of pData.  0 if none. */
  int nZero;              /* Extra zero data appended after pData,nData */
};

int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const BtreePayload *pPayload,
                       int bias, int seekResult);
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
i64 sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreePayload(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
const void *sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
u32 sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(BtCursor*);


char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
int sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
#endif
void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void);

int sqlite3BtreeExclusiveLock(Btree *pBt);

#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValidNN(BtCursor*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

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*/
#define PTF_INTKEY    0x01
#define PTF_ZERODATA  0x02
#define PTF_LEAFDATA  0x04
#define PTF_LEAF      0x08

/*
** As each page of the file is loaded into memory, an instance of the following
** structure is appended and initialized to zero.  This structure stores
** information about the page that is decoded from the raw file page.
**
** The pParent field points back to the parent page.  This allows us to
** walk up the BTree from any leaf to the root.  Care must be taken to
** unref() the parent page pointer when this page is no longer referenced.
** The pageDestructor() routine handles that chore.
**
** Access to all fields of this structure is controlled by the mutex
** stored in MemPage.pBt->mutex.
*/
struct MemPage {
  u8 isInit;           /* True if previously initialized. MUST BE FIRST! */
  u8 nOverflow;        /* Number of overflow cell bodies in aCell[] */
  u8 intKey;           /* True if table b-trees.  False for index b-trees */
  u8 intKeyLeaf;       /* True if the leaf of an intKey table */



  u8 leaf;             /* True if a leaf page */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u8 max1bytePayload;  /* min(maxLocal,127) */
  u8 bBusy;            /* Prevent endless loops on corrupt database files */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  u16 maskPage;        /* Mask for page offset */
  u16 aiOvfl[5];       /* Insert the i-th overflow cell before the aiOvfl-th
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[5];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */
  u8 *aDataOfst;       /* Same as aData for leaves.  aData+4 for interior */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  u16 (*xCellSize)(MemPage*,u8*);             /* cellSizePtr method */
  void (*xParseCell)(MemPage*,u8*,CellInfo*); /* btreeParseCell method */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
*/
#define EXTRA_SIZE sizeof(MemPage)

/*
** A linked list of the following structures is stored at BtShared.pLock.
** Locks are added (or upgraded from READ_LOCK to WRITE_LOCK) when a cursor 
** is opened on the table with root page BtShared.iTable. Locks are removed
** from this list when a transaction is committed or rolled back, or when
** a btree handle is closed.
*/







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#define PTF_INTKEY    0x01
#define PTF_ZERODATA  0x02
#define PTF_LEAFDATA  0x04
#define PTF_LEAF      0x08

/*
** An instance of this object stores information about each a single database
** page that has been loaded into memory.  The information in this object
** is derived from the raw on-disk page content.
**
** As each database page is loaded into memory, the pager allocats an
** instance of this object and zeros the first 8 bytes.  (This is the
** "extra" information associated with each page of the pager.)

**
** Access to all fields of this structure is controlled by the mutex
** stored in MemPage.pBt->mutex.
*/
struct MemPage {
  u8 isInit;           /* True if previously initialized. MUST BE FIRST! */
  u8 bBusy;            /* Prevent endless loops on corrupt database files */
  u8 intKey;           /* True if table b-trees.  False for index b-trees */
  u8 intKeyLeaf;       /* True if the leaf of an intKey table */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
  /* Only the first 8 bytes (above) are zeroed by pager.c when a new page
  ** is allocated. All fields that follow must be initialized before use */
  u8 leaf;             /* True if a leaf page */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u8 max1bytePayload;  /* min(maxLocal,127) */
  u8 nOverflow;        /* Number of overflow cell bodies in aCell[] */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  u16 maskPage;        /* Mask for page offset */
  u16 aiOvfl[4];       /* Insert the i-th overflow cell before the aiOvfl-th
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[4];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */
  u8 *aDataOfst;       /* Same as aData for leaves.  aData+4 for interior */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  u16 (*xCellSize)(MemPage*,u8*);             /* cellSizePtr method */
  void (*xParseCell)(MemPage*,u8*,CellInfo*); /* btreeParseCell method */

};








/*
** A linked list of the following structures is stored at BtShared.pLock.
** Locks are added (or upgraded from READ_LOCK to WRITE_LOCK) when a cursor 
** is opened on the table with root page BtShared.iTable. Locks are removed
** from this list when a transaction is committed or rolled back, or when
** a btree handle is closed.
*/

Changes to src/build.c.

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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** The TableLock structure is only used by the sqlite3TableLock() and
** codeTableLocks() functions.
*/
struct TableLock {
  int iDb;             /* The database containing the table to be locked */
  int iTab;            /* The root page of the table to be locked */
  u8 isWriteLock;      /* True for write lock.  False for a read lock */
  const char *zName;   /* Name of the table */
};

/*
** Record the fact that we want to lock a table at run-time.  
**
** The table to be locked has root page iTab and is found in database iDb.
** A read or a write lock can be taken depending on isWritelock.
................................................................................
){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  int i;
  int nBytes;
  TableLock *p;
  assert( iDb>=0 );



  for(i=0; i<pToplevel->nTableLock; i++){
    p = &pToplevel->aTableLock[i];
    if( p->iDb==iDb && p->iTab==iTab ){
      p->isWriteLock = (p->isWriteLock || isWriteLock);
      return;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  pToplevel->aTableLock =
      sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pToplevel->db, pToplevel->aTableLock, nBytes);
  if( pToplevel->aTableLock ){
    p = &pToplevel->aTableLock[pToplevel->nTableLock++];
    p->iDb = iDb;
    p->iTab = iTab;
    p->isWriteLock = isWriteLock;
    p->zName = zName;
  }else{
    pToplevel->nTableLock = 0;
    sqlite3OomFault(pToplevel->db);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  pVdbe = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( pVdbe!=0 ); /* sqlite3GetVdbe cannot fail: VDBE already allocated */

  for(i=0; i<pParse->nTableLock; i++){
    TableLock *p = &pParse->aTableLock[i];
    int p1 = p->iDb;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(pVdbe, OP_TableLock, p1, p->iTab, p->isWriteLock,
                      p->zName, P4_STATIC);
  }
}
#else
  #define codeTableLocks(x)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  /* Begin by generating some termination code at the end of the
  ** vdbe program
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( !pParse->isMultiWrite 
       || sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(v, pParse->mayAbort));
  if( v ){
    while( sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(v, OP_Close) ){}
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
    if( pParse->nTableLock>0 && db->init.busy==0 ){
      sqlite3UserAuthInit(db);
      if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_User ){
        pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH_USER;
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "user not authenticated");

        return;
      }
    }
#endif

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
................................................................................
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 
     && (DbMaskNonZero(pParse->cookieMask) || pParse->pConstExpr)
    ){
      int iDb, i;
      assert( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, 0)->opcode==OP_Init );
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, 0);
      for(iDb=0; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){

        if( DbMaskTest(pParse->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v,
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
        VdbeComment((v,
              "usesStmtJournal=%d", pParse->mayAbort && pParse->isMultiWrite));
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
................................................................................
    *  See ticket [a696379c1f08866] */
    if( pParse->pAinc!=0 && pParse->nTab==0 ) pParse->nTab = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* We are done with this Parse object. There is no need to de-initialize it */
#if 0
  pParse->colNamesSet = 0;
  pParse->nTab = 0;
  pParse->nMem = 0;
  pParse->nSet = 0;
  pParse->nVar = 0;
  DbMaskZero(pParse->cookieMask);
#endif
}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
** care if you decide to try to use this routine for some other purposes.
*/
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
# define SAVE_SZ  (sizeof(Parse) - offsetof(Parse,nVar))
  char saveBuf[SAVE_SZ];

  if( pParse->nErr ) return;
  assert( pParse->nested<10 );  /* Nesting should only be of limited depth */
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  zSql = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    return;   /* A malloc must have failed */
  }
  pParse->nested++;
  memcpy(saveBuf, &pParse->nVar, SAVE_SZ);
  memset(&pParse->nVar, 0, SAVE_SZ);
  sqlite3RunParser(pParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrMsg);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  memcpy(&pParse->nVar, saveBuf, SAVE_SZ);
  pParse->nested--;
}

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
/*
** Return TRUE if zTable is the name of the system table that stores the
** list of users and their access credentials.
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
#endif

  for(i=OMIT_TEMPDB; i<db->nDb; i++){
    int j = (i<2) ? i^1 : i;   /* Search TEMP before MAIN */
    if( zDatabase!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zDatabase, db->aDb[j].zName) ) continue;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, j, 0) );
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[j].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p ) break;
  }







  return p;
}

/*
** Locate the in-memory structure that describes a particular database
** table given the name of that table and (optionally) the name of the
** database containing the table.  Return NULL if not found.  Also leave an
** error message in pParse->zErrMsg.
................................................................................
    const char *zMsg = flags & LOCATE_VIEW ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( sqlite3FindDbName(pParse->db, zDbase)<1 ){
      /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
      ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
      ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
      Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);



      if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
        return pMod->pEpoTab;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (flags & LOCATE_NOERR)==0 ){
      if( zDbase ){
................................................................................
  u32 flags,
  struct SrcList_item *p
){
  const char *zDb;
  assert( p->pSchema==0 || p->zDatabase==0 );
  if( p->pSchema ){
    int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, p->pSchema);
    zDb = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  }else{
    zDb = p->zDatabase;
  }
  return sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, flags, p->zName, zDb);
}

/*
................................................................................
  int i;
  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDb!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  for(i=OMIT_TEMPDB; i<db->nDb; i++){
    int j = (i<2) ? i^1 : i;  /* Search TEMP before MAIN */
    Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[j].pSchema;
    assert( pSchema );
    if( zDb && sqlite3StrICmp(zDb, db->aDb[j].zName) ) continue;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, j, 0) );
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&pSchema->idxHash, zName);
    if( p ) break;
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
** are never candidates for being collapsed.
*/
void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3 *db){
  int i, j;
  for(i=j=2; i<db->nDb; i++){
    struct Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pDb->zName);
      pDb->zName = 0;
      continue;
    }
    if( j<i ){
      db->aDb[j] = db->aDb[i];
    }
    j++;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Verify that no lookaside memory was used by schema tables */
  assert( nLookaside==0 || nLookaside==db->lookaside.nOut );
}
void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  /* Do not delete the table until the reference count reaches zero. */
  if( !pTable ) return;
  if( ((!db || db->pnBytesFreed==0) && (--pTable->nRef)>0) ) return;
  deleteTable(db, pTable);
}


/*
** Unlink the given table from the hash tables and the delete the
** table structure with all its indices and foreign keys.
................................................................................

/*
** Open the sqlite_master table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, MASTER_ROOT, 1, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, MASTER_ROOT, iDb, 5);
  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** -1 if the named db cannot be found.
*/
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName){
  int i = -1;         /* Database number */
  if( zName ){
    Db *pDb;
    for(i=(db->nDb-1), pDb=&db->aDb[i]; i>=0; i--, pDb--){
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zName, zName) ) break;



    }
  }
  return i;
}

/*
** The token *pName contains the name of a database (either "main" or
................................................................................
    *pUnqual = pName2;
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, pName1);
    if( iDb<0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown database %T", pName1);
      return -1;
    }
  }else{
    assert( db->init.iDb==0 || db->init.busy );
    iDb = db->init.iDb;
    *pUnqual = pName1;
  }
  return iDb;
}

/*
................................................................................
  {
    static const u8 aCode[] = {
       SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE,
       SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE,
       SQLITE_CREATE_VIEW,
       SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW
    };
    char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, SCHEMA_TABLE(isTemp), 0, zDb) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
    if( !isVirtual && sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, (int)aCode[isTemp+2*isView],
                                       zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
................................................................................
  ** index or table name in the same database.  Issue an error message if
  ** it does. The exception is if the statement being parsed was passed
  ** to an sqlite3_declare_vtab() call. In that case only the column names
  ** and types will be used, so there is no need to test for namespace
  ** collisions.
  */
  if( !IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
    pTable = sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, zDb);
    if( pTable ){
      if( !noErr ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %T already exists", pName);
................................................................................
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
................................................................................
** since it was last read.
**
** This plan is not completely bullet-proof.  It is possible for
** the schema to change multiple times and for the cookie to be
** set back to prior value.  But schema changes are infrequent
** and the probability of hitting the same cookie value is only
** 1 chance in 2^32.  So we're safe enough.



*/
void sqlite3ChangeCookie(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, 
                    db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie+1);
................................................................................
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s "
         "SET type='%s', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=#%d, sql=%Q "
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb),
      zType,
      p->zName,
      p->zName,
      pParse->regRoot,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Check to see if we need to create an sqlite_sequence table for
    ** keeping track of autoincrement keys.
    */
    if( p->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
      Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      if( pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab==0 ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
          "CREATE TABLE %Q.sqlite_sequence(name,seq)",
          pDb->zName
        );
      }
    }
#endif

    /* Reparse everything to update our internal data structures */
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb,
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse *pParse, Table *pTable){
  Table *pSelTab;   /* A fake table from which we get the result set */
  Select *pSel;     /* Copy of the SELECT that implements the view */
  int nErr = 0;     /* Number of errors encountered */
  int n;            /* Temporarily holds the number of cursors assigned */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection for malloc errors */

  sqlite3_xauth xAuth;       /* Saved xAuth pointer */


  assert( pTable );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3VtabCallConnect(pParse, pTable) ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
  **
  ** The "#NNN" in the SQL is a special constant that means whatever value
  ** is in register NNN.  See grammar rules associated with the TK_REGISTER
  ** token for additional information.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
     "UPDATE %Q.%s SET rootpage=%d WHERE #%d AND rootpage=#%d",
     pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), iTable, r1, r1);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
................................................................................
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=1; i<=4; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
................................................................................
  ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
  ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
  ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled separately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
................................................................................
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) && sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    int code;
    const char *zTab = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
    const char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
    const char *zArg2 = 0;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, zTab, 0, zDb)){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( isView ){
      if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
        code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_VIEW;
................................................................................
  KeyInfo *pKey;                 /* KeyInfo for index */
  int regRecord;                 /* Register holding assembled index record */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;      /* The database connection */
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_REINDEX, pIndex->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Require a write-lock on the table to perform this operation */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);

................................................................................
                         pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Last, iIdx, 0, -1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
................................................................................
    }
    if( !db->init.busy ){
      if( sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, 0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "there is already a table named %s", zName);
        goto exit_create_index;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3FindIndex(db, zName, pDb->zName)!=0 ){
      if( !ifNotExist ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "index %s already exists", zName);
      }else{
        assert( !db->init.busy );
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      }
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    if( IN_DECLARE_VTAB ) zName[7]++;
  }

  /* Check for authorization to create an index.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    const char *zDb = pDb->zName;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    i = SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ) i = SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, i, zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      zStmt = 0;
    }

    /* Add an entry in sqlite_master for this index
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('index',%Q,%Q,#%d,%Q);",
        db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb),
        pIndex->zName,
        pTab->zName,
        iMem,
        zStmt
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

................................................................................
    goto exit_drop_index;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    int code = SQLITE_DROP_INDEX;
    Table *pTab = pIndex->pTable;
    const char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
    const char *zTab = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, zTab, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
    }
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb ) code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, code, pIndex->zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
................................................................................

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the master table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pIndex->zName
    );
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "idx", pIndex->zName);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

................................................................................
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( (u32)pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  assert( pDatabase==0 || pTable!=0 );  /* Cannot have C without B */
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(SrcList) );
    if( pList==0 ) return 0;
    pList->nAlloc = 1;
    pList->nSrc = 0;
  }



  pList = sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(db, pList, 1, pList->nSrc);

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pList);
    return 0;
  }
  pItem = &pList->a[pList->nSrc-1];
  if( pDatabase && pDatabase->z==0 ){
    pDatabase = 0;
................................................................................
** Record the fact that the schema cookie will need to be verified
** for database iDb.  The code to actually verify the schema cookie
** will occur at the end of the top-level VDBE and will be generated
** later, by sqlite3FinishCoding().
*/
void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  sqlite3 *db = pToplevel->db;

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
  assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  if( DbMaskTest(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ){
    DbMaskSet(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb);
    pToplevel->cookieValue[iDb] = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
      sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** attached database. Otherwise, invoke it for the database named zDb only.
*/
void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse *pParse, const char *zDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt && (!zDb || 0==sqlite3StrICmp(zDb, pDb->zName)) ){
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate VDBE code that prepares for doing an operation that
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
  iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pObjName);
  if( iDb<0 ) return;
  z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pObjName);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, z, zDb);
  if( pTab ){
    reindexTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
    return;
  }
  pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(db, z, zDb);







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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** The TableLock structure is only used by the sqlite3TableLock() and
** codeTableLocks() functions.
*/
struct TableLock {
  int iDb;               /* The database containing the table to be locked */
  int iTab;              /* The root page of the table to be locked */
  u8 isWriteLock;        /* True for write lock.  False for a read lock */
  const char *zLockName; /* Name of the table */
};

/*
** Record the fact that we want to lock a table at run-time.  
**
** The table to be locked has root page iTab and is found in database iDb.
** A read or a write lock can be taken depending on isWritelock.
................................................................................
){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  int i;
  int nBytes;
  TableLock *p;
  assert( iDb>=0 );

  if( iDb==1 ) return;
  if( !sqlite3BtreeSharable(pParse->db->aDb[iDb].pBt) ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pToplevel->nTableLock; i++){
    p = &pToplevel->aTableLock[i];
    if( p->iDb==iDb && p->iTab==iTab ){
      p->isWriteLock = (p->isWriteLock || isWriteLock);
      return;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  pToplevel->aTableLock =
      sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pToplevel->db, pToplevel->aTableLock, nBytes);
  if( pToplevel->aTableLock ){
    p = &pToplevel->aTableLock[pToplevel->nTableLock++];
    p->iDb = iDb;
    p->iTab = iTab;
    p->isWriteLock = isWriteLock;
    p->zLockName = zName;
  }else{
    pToplevel->nTableLock = 0;
    sqlite3OomFault(pToplevel->db);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  pVdbe = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( pVdbe!=0 ); /* sqlite3GetVdbe cannot fail: VDBE already allocated */

  for(i=0; i<pParse->nTableLock; i++){
    TableLock *p = &pParse->aTableLock[i];
    int p1 = p->iDb;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(pVdbe, OP_TableLock, p1, p->iTab, p->isWriteLock,
                      p->zLockName, P4_STATIC);
  }
}
#else
  #define codeTableLocks(x)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  /* Begin by generating some termination code at the end of the
  ** vdbe program
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( !pParse->isMultiWrite 
       || sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(v, pParse->mayAbort));
  if( v ){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
    if( pParse->nTableLock>0 && db->init.busy==0 ){
      sqlite3UserAuthInit(db);
      if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_User ){

        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "user not authenticated");
        pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH_USER;
        return;
      }
    }
#endif

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
................................................................................
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 
     && (DbMaskNonZero(pParse->cookieMask) || pParse->pConstExpr)
    ){
      int iDb, i;
      assert( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, 0)->opcode==OP_Init );
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, 0);
      for(iDb=0; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){
        Schema *pSchema;
        if( DbMaskTest(pParse->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v,
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pSchema->schema_cookie,            /* P3 */
          pSchema->iGeneration               /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
        VdbeComment((v,
              "usesStmtJournal=%d", pParse->mayAbort && pParse->isMultiWrite));
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
................................................................................
    *  See ticket [a696379c1f08866] */
    if( pParse->pAinc!=0 && pParse->nTab==0 ) pParse->nTab = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }










}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
** care if you decide to try to use this routine for some other purposes.
*/
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  char saveBuf[PARSE_TAIL_SZ];

  if( pParse->nErr ) return;
  assert( pParse->nested<10 );  /* Nesting should only be of limited depth */
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  zSql = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    return;   /* A malloc must have failed */
  }
  pParse->nested++;
  memcpy(saveBuf, PARSE_TAIL(pParse), PARSE_TAIL_SZ);
  memset(PARSE_TAIL(pParse), 0, PARSE_TAIL_SZ);
  sqlite3RunParser(pParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrMsg);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  memcpy(PARSE_TAIL(pParse), saveBuf, PARSE_TAIL_SZ);
  pParse->nested--;
}

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
/*
** Return TRUE if zTable is the name of the system table that stores the
** list of users and their access credentials.
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  while(1){
    for(i=OMIT_TEMPDB; i<db->nDb; i++){
      int j = (i<2) ? i^1 : i;   /* Search TEMP before MAIN */
      if( zDatabase==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(zDatabase, db->aDb[j].zDbSName)==0 ){
        assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, j, 0) );
        p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[j].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
        if( p ) return p;
      }
    }
    /* Not found.  If the name we were looking for was temp.sqlite_master
    ** then change the name to sqlite_temp_master and try again. */
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(zName, MASTER_NAME)!=0 ) break;
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(zDatabase, db->aDb[1].zDbSName)!=0 ) break;
    zName = TEMP_MASTER_NAME;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Locate the in-memory structure that describes a particular database
** table given the name of that table and (optionally) the name of the
** database containing the table.  Return NULL if not found.  Also leave an
** error message in pParse->zErrMsg.
................................................................................
    const char *zMsg = flags & LOCATE_VIEW ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( sqlite3FindDbName(pParse->db, zDbase)<1 ){
      /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
      ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
      ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
      Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);
      if( pMod==0 && sqlite3_strnicmp(zName, "pragma_", 7)==0 ){
        pMod = sqlite3PragmaVtabRegister(pParse->db, zName);
      }
      if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
        return pMod->pEpoTab;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (flags & LOCATE_NOERR)==0 ){
      if( zDbase ){
................................................................................
  u32 flags,
  struct SrcList_item *p
){
  const char *zDb;
  assert( p->pSchema==0 || p->zDatabase==0 );
  if( p->pSchema ){
    int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, p->pSchema);
    zDb = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  }else{
    zDb = p->zDatabase;
  }
  return sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, flags, p->zName, zDb);
}

/*
................................................................................
  int i;
  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDb!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  for(i=OMIT_TEMPDB; i<db->nDb; i++){
    int j = (i<2) ? i^1 : i;  /* Search TEMP before MAIN */
    Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[j].pSchema;
    assert( pSchema );
    if( zDb && sqlite3StrICmp(zDb, db->aDb[j].zDbSName) ) continue;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, j, 0) );
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&pSchema->idxHash, zName);
    if( p ) break;
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
** are never candidates for being collapsed.
*/
void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3 *db){
  int i, j;
  for(i=j=2; i<db->nDb; i++){
    struct Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pDb->zDbSName);
      pDb->zDbSName = 0;
      continue;
    }
    if( j<i ){
      db->aDb[j] = db->aDb[i];
    }
    j++;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Verify that no lookaside memory was used by schema tables */
  assert( nLookaside==0 || nLookaside==db->lookaside.nOut );
}
void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  /* Do not delete the table until the reference count reaches zero. */
  if( !pTable ) return;
  if( ((!db || db->pnBytesFreed==0) && (--pTable->nTabRef)>0) ) return;
  deleteTable(db, pTable);
}


/*
** Unlink the given table from the hash tables and the delete the
** table structure with all its indices and foreign keys.
................................................................................

/*
** Open the sqlite_master table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, MASTER_ROOT, 1, MASTER_NAME);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, MASTER_ROOT, iDb, 5);
  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** -1 if the named db cannot be found.
*/
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName){
  int i = -1;         /* Database number */
  if( zName ){
    Db *pDb;
    for(i=(db->nDb-1), pDb=&db->aDb[i]; i>=0; i--, pDb--){
      if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(pDb->zDbSName, zName) ) break;
      /* "main" is always an acceptable alias for the primary database
      ** even if it has been renamed using SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME. */
      if( i==0 && 0==sqlite3_stricmp("main", zName) ) break;
    }
  }
  return i;
}

/*
** The token *pName contains the name of a database (either "main" or
................................................................................
    *pUnqual = pName2;
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, pName1);
    if( iDb<0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown database %T", pName1);
      return -1;
    }
  }else{
    assert( db->init.iDb==0 || db->init.busy || (db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum)!=0);
    iDb = db->init.iDb;
    *pUnqual = pName1;
  }
  return iDb;
}

/*
................................................................................
  {
    static const u8 aCode[] = {
       SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE,
       SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE,
       SQLITE_CREATE_VIEW,
       SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW
    };
    char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, SCHEMA_TABLE(isTemp), 0, zDb) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
    if( !isVirtual && sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, (int)aCode[isTemp+2*isView],
                                       zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
................................................................................
  ** index or table name in the same database.  Issue an error message if
  ** it does. The exception is if the statement being parsed was passed
  ** to an sqlite3_declare_vtab() call. In that case only the column names
  ** and types will be used, so there is no need to test for namespace
  ** collisions.
  */
  if( !IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto begin_table_error;
    }
    pTable = sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, zDb);
    if( pTable ){
      if( !noErr ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %T already exists", pName);
................................................................................
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nTabRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
................................................................................
** since it was last read.
**
** This plan is not completely bullet-proof.  It is possible for
** the schema to change multiple times and for the cookie to be
** set back to prior value.  But schema changes are infrequent
** and the probability of hitting the same cookie value is only
** 1 chance in 2^32.  So we're safe enough.
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-34230-56049 SQLite automatically increments
** the schema-version whenever the schema changes.
*/
void sqlite3ChangeCookie(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, 
                    db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie+1);
................................................................................
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s "
         "SET type='%s', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=#%d, sql=%Q "
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME,
      zType,
      p->zName,
      p->zName,
      pParse->regRoot,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Check to see if we need to create an sqlite_sequence table for
    ** keeping track of autoincrement keys.
    */
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)!=0 ){
      Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      if( pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab==0 ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
          "CREATE TABLE %Q.sqlite_sequence(name,seq)",
          pDb->zDbSName
        );
      }
    }
#endif

    /* Reparse everything to update our internal data structures */
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb,
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse *pParse, Table *pTable){
  Table *pSelTab;   /* A fake table from which we get the result set */
  Select *pSel;     /* Copy of the SELECT that implements the view */
  int nErr = 0;     /* Number of errors encountered */
  int n;            /* Temporarily holds the number of cursors assigned */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection for malloc errors */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  sqlite3_xauth xAuth;       /* Saved xAuth pointer */
#endif

  assert( pTable );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3VtabCallConnect(pParse, pTable) ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
  **
  ** The "#NNN" in the SQL is a special constant that means whatever value
  ** is in register NNN.  See grammar rules associated with the TK_REGISTER
  ** token for additional information.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
     "UPDATE %Q.%s SET rootpage=%d WHERE #%d AND rootpage=#%d",
     pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, iTable, r1, r1);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
................................................................................
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  for(i=1; i<=4; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
................................................................................
  ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
  ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
  ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zDbSName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled separately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
................................................................................
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) && sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    int code;
    const char *zTab = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
    const char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
    const char *zArg2 = 0;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, zTab, 0, zDb)){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( isView ){
      if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
        code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_VIEW;
................................................................................
  KeyInfo *pKey;                 /* KeyInfo for index */
  int regRecord;                 /* Register holding assembled index record */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;      /* The database connection */
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_REINDEX, pIndex->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Require a write-lock on the table to perform this operation */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);

................................................................................
                         pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Last, iIdx, 0, -1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
................................................................................
    }
    if( !db->init.busy ){
      if( sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, 0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "there is already a table named %s", zName);
        goto exit_create_index;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3FindIndex(db, zName, pDb->zDbSName)!=0 ){
      if( !ifNotExist ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "index %s already exists", zName);
      }else{
        assert( !db->init.busy );
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      }
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    if( IN_DECLARE_VTAB ) zName[7]++;
  }

  /* Check for authorization to create an index.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    const char *zDb = pDb->zDbSName;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    i = SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ) i = SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, i, zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      zStmt = 0;
    }

    /* Add an entry in sqlite_master for this index
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('index',%Q,%Q,#%d,%Q);",
        db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME,
        pIndex->zName,
        pTab->zName,
        iMem,
        zStmt
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

................................................................................
    goto exit_drop_index;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  {
    int code = SQLITE_DROP_INDEX;
    Table *pTab = pIndex->pTable;
    const char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
    const char *zTab = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, zTab, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
    }
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb ) code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, code, pIndex->zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
................................................................................

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the master table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, pIndex->zName
    );
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "idx", pIndex->zName);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

................................................................................
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( (u32)pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc*2+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  assert( pDatabase==0 || pTable!=0 );  /* Cannot have C without B */
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(SrcList) );
    if( pList==0 ) return 0;
    pList->nAlloc = 1;
    pList->nSrc = 1;

    memset(&pList->a[0], 0, sizeof(pList->a[0]));
    pList->a[0].iCursor = -1;
  }else{
    pList = sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(db, pList, 1, pList->nSrc);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pList);
    return 0;
  }
  pItem = &pList->a[pList->nSrc-1];
  if( pDatabase && pDatabase->z==0 ){
    pDatabase = 0;
................................................................................
** Record the fact that the schema cookie will need to be verified
** for database iDb.  The code to actually verify the schema cookie
** will occur at the end of the top-level VDBE and will be generated
** later, by sqlite3FinishCoding().
*/
void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);


  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
  assert( pParse->db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
  assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(pParse->db, iDb, 0) );
  if( DbMaskTest(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ){
    DbMaskSet(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb);

    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
      sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** attached database. Otherwise, invoke it for the database named zDb only.
*/
void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse *pParse, const char *zDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt && (!zDb || 0==sqlite3StrICmp(zDb, pDb->zDbSName)) ){
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate VDBE code that prepares for doing an operation that
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
  iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pObjName);
  if( iDb<0 ) return;
  z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pObjName);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, z, zDb);
  if( pTab ){
    reindexTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
    return;
  }
  pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(db, z, zDb);

Changes to src/ctime.c.

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68
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394
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  "DEBUG",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE
  "DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE),
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),



#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif



#if SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  "HAS_CODEC",
#endif
#if HAVE_ISNAN || SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
  "HAVE_ISNAN",
#endif
#if SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  "OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
................................................................................
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),



#endif
#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif







>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







<
<
<







 







>
>
>







61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
...
151
152
153
154
155
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161
162
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167
...
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236
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...
390
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401
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406
  "DEBUG",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE
  "DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE),
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  "DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR)
  "ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR",
#endif
#if SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  "HAS_CODEC",
#endif
#if HAVE_ISNAN || SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
  "HAVE_ISNAN",
#endif
#if SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif



#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
................................................................................
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  "UNTESTABLE"
#endif
#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif

Changes to src/date.c.

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...
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...
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...
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...
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817
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#endif

/*
** A structure for holding a single date and time.
*/
typedef struct DateTime DateTime;
struct DateTime {
  sqlite3_int64 iJD; /* The julian day number times 86400000 */
  int Y, M, D;       /* Year, month, and day */
  int h, m;          /* Hour and minutes */
  int tz;            /* Timezone offset in minutes */
  double s;          /* Seconds */


  char validYMD;     /* True (1) if Y,M,D are valid */
  char validHMS;     /* True (1) if h,m,s are valid */
  char validJD;      /* True (1) if iJD is valid */
  char validTZ;      /* True (1) if tz is valid */
  char tzSet;        /* Timezone was set explicitly */

};


/*
** Convert zDate into one or more integers according to the conversion
** specifier zFormat.
**
................................................................................
      }
      ms /= rScale;
    }
  }else{
    s = 0;
  }
  p->validJD = 0;

  p->validHMS = 1;
  p->h = h;
  p->m = m;
  p->s = s + ms;
  if( parseTimezone(zDate, p) ) return 1;
  p->validTZ = (p->tz!=0)?1:0;
  return 0;
}









/*
** Convert from YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS to julian day.  We always assume
** that the YYYY-MM-DD is according to the Gregorian calendar.
**
** Reference:  Meeus page 61
*/
................................................................................
    Y = p->Y;
    M = p->M;
    D = p->D;
  }else{
    Y = 2000;  /* If no YMD specified, assume 2000-Jan-01 */
    M = 1;
    D = 1;




  }
  if( M<=2 ){
    Y--;
    M += 12;
  }
  A = Y/100;
  B = 2 - A + (A/4);
................................................................................
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
















/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a julian day number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
................................................................................
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}



















/*
** Compute the Year, Month, and Day from the julian day number.
*/
static void computeYMD(DateTime *p){
  int Z, A, B, C, D, E, X1;
  if( p->validYMD ) return;
  if( !p->validJD ){
    p->Y = 2000;
    p->M = 1;
    p->D = 1;
  }else{

    Z = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000)/86400000);
    A = (int)((Z - 1867216.25)/36524.25);
    A = Z + 1 + A - (A/4);
    B = A + 1524;
    C = (int)((B - 122.1)/365.25);
    D = (36525*(C&32767))/100;
    E = (int)((B-D)/30.6001);
................................................................................
  p->s = s/1000.0;
  s = (int)p->s;
  p->s -= s;
  p->h = s/3600;
  s -= p->h*3600;
  p->m = s/60;
  p->s += s - p->m*60;

  p->validHMS = 1;
}

/*
** Compute both YMD and HMS
*/
static void computeYMD_HMS(DateTime *p){
................................................................................
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
................................................................................
  y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
  y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
  y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
  y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
  y.validYMD = 1;
  y.validHMS = 1;
  y.validJD = 0;

  y.validTZ = 0;

  computeJD(&y);
  *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
  return y.iJD - x.iJD;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME */
























/*
** Process a modifier to a date-time stamp.  The modifiers are
** as follows:
**
**     NNN days
**     NNN hours
................................................................................
**     utc
**
** Return 0 on success and 1 if there is any kind of error. If the error
** is in a system call (i.e. localtime()), then an error message is written
** to context pCtx. If the error is an unrecognized modifier, no error is
** written to pCtx.
*/
static int parseModifier(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const char *zMod, DateTime *p){
  int rc = 1;
  int n;
  double r;
  char *z, zBuf[30];
  z = zBuf;
  for(n=0; n<ArraySize(zBuf)-1 && zMod[n]; n++){
    z[n] = (char)sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)zMod[n]];
  }
  z[n] = 0;
  switch( z[0] ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
    case 'l': {
      /*    localtime
      **
      ** Assuming the current time value is UTC (a.k.a. GMT), shift it to
      ** show local time.
      */
      if( strcmp(z, "localtime")==0 ){
        computeJD(p);
        p->iJD += localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    case 'u': {
      /*
      **    unixepoch
      **
      ** Treat the current value of p->iJD as the number of
      ** seconds since 1970.  Convert to a real julian day number.
      */
      if( strcmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->validJD ){
        p->iJD = (p->iJD + 43200)/86400 + 21086676*(i64)10000000;

        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);



        rc = 0;
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
      else if( strcmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
        if( p->tzSet==0 ){
          sqlite3_int64 c1;
          computeJD(p);
          c1 = localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->iJD -= c1;
            clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
................................................................................
      /*
      **    weekday N
      **
      ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
      ** weekday N where 0==Sunday, 1==Monday, and so forth.  If the
      ** date is already on the appropriate weekday, this is a no-op.
      */
      if( strncmp(z, "weekday ", 8)==0
               && sqlite3AtoF(&z[8], &r, sqlite3Strlen30(&z[8]), SQLITE_UTF8)
               && (n=(int)r)==r && n>=0 && r<7 ){
        sqlite3_int64 Z;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->validTZ = 0;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
................................................................................
    case 's': {
      /*
      **    start of TTTTT
      **
      ** Move the date backwards to the beginning of the current day,
      ** or month or year.
      */
      if( strncmp(z, "start of ", 9)!=0 ) break;
      z += 9;
      computeYMD(p);
      p->validHMS = 1;
      p->h = p->m = 0;
      p->s = 0.0;
      p->validTZ = 0;
      p->validJD = 0;
      if( strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){
        computeYMD(p);
        p->M = 1;
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        rc = 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    case '+':
    case '-':
    case '0':
................................................................................
    case '4':
    case '5':
    case '6':
    case '7':
    case '8':
    case '9': {
      double rRounder;

      for(n=1; z[n] && z[n]!=':' && !sqlite3Isspace(z[n]); n++){}
      if( !sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, n, SQLITE_UTF8) ){
        rc = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( z[n]==':' ){
        /* A modifier of the form (+|-)HH:MM:SS.FFF adds (or subtracts) the
................................................................................
        if( z[0]=='-' ) tx.iJD = -tx.iJD;
        computeJD(p);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        p->iJD += tx.iJD;
        rc = 0;
        break;
      }



      z += n;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      if( n>10 || n<3 ) break;
      if( z[n-1]=='s' ){ z[n-1] = 0; n--; }
      computeJD(p);
      rc = 0;
      rRounder = r<0 ? -0.5 : +0.5;
      if( n==3 && strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + rRounder);
      }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"hour")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/24.0) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"minute")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"second")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==5 && strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        int x, y;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->M += (int)r;
        x = p->M>0 ? (p->M-1)/12 : (p->M-12)/12;
        p->Y += x;
        p->M -= x*12;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
        y = (int)r;
        if( y!=r ){
          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*30.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);

        }
      }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){

        int y = (int)r;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->Y += y;
        p->validJD = 0;




        computeJD(p);
        if( y!=r ){
          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*365.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);


        }
      }else{
        rc = 1;
      }
      clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static int isDate(
  sqlite3_context *context, 
  int argc, 
  sqlite3_value **argv, 
  DateTime *p
){
  int i;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }
  if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(sqlite3_value_double(argv[0])*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);

    if( z==0 || parseModifier(context, (char*)z, p) ) return 1;
  }


  return 0;
}


/*
** The following routines implement the various date and time functions
** of SQLite.







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61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76

77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
...
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
...
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
...
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
...
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392

393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
...
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
...
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
...
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
...
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662


663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
...
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
...
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
...
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
...
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825


826
827
828
829
830
831
832

833


834
835

836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845

846
847
848
849


850
851
852
853
854
855
856
...
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885

886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
#endif

/*
** A structure for holding a single date and time.
*/
typedef struct DateTime DateTime;
struct DateTime {
  sqlite3_int64 iJD;  /* The julian day number times 86400000 */
  int Y, M, D;        /* Year, month, and day */
  int h, m;           /* Hour and minutes */
  int tz;             /* Timezone offset in minutes */
  double s;           /* Seconds */
  char validJD;       /* True (1) if iJD is valid */
  char rawS;          /* Raw numeric value stored in s */
  char validYMD;      /* True (1) if Y,M,D are valid */
  char validHMS;      /* True (1) if h,m,s are valid */

  char validTZ;       /* True (1) if tz is valid */
  char tzSet;         /* Timezone was set explicitly */
  char isError;       /* An overflow has occurred */
};


/*
** Convert zDate into one or more integers according to the conversion
** specifier zFormat.
**
................................................................................
      }
      ms /= rScale;
    }
  }else{
    s = 0;
  }
  p->validJD = 0;
  p->rawS = 0;
  p->validHMS = 1;
  p->h = h;
  p->m = m;
  p->s = s + ms;
  if( parseTimezone(zDate, p) ) return 1;
  p->validTZ = (p->tz!=0)?1:0;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Put the DateTime object into its error state.
*/
static void datetimeError(DateTime *p){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  p->isError = 1;
}

/*
** Convert from YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS to julian day.  We always assume
** that the YYYY-MM-DD is according to the Gregorian calendar.
**
** Reference:  Meeus page 61
*/
................................................................................
    Y = p->Y;
    M = p->M;
    D = p->D;
  }else{
    Y = 2000;  /* If no YMD specified, assume 2000-Jan-01 */
    M = 1;
    D = 1;
  }
  if( Y<-4713 || Y>9999 || p->rawS ){
    datetimeError(p);
    return;
  }
  if( M<=2 ){
    Y--;
    M += 12;
  }
  A = Y/100;
  B = 2 - A + (A/4);
................................................................................
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Input "r" is a numeric quantity which might be a julian day number,
** or the number of seconds since 1970.  If the value if r is within
** range of a julian day number, install it as such and set validJD.
** If the value is a valid unix timestamp, put it in p->s and set p->rawS.
*/
static void setRawDateNumber(DateTime *p, double r){
  p->s = r;
  p->rawS = 1;
  if( r>=0.0 && r<5373484.5 ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a julian day number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
................................................................................
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    setRawDateNumber(p, r);

    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/* The julian day number for 9999-12-31 23:59:59.999 is 5373484.4999999.
** Multiplying this by 86400000 gives 464269060799999 as the maximum value
** for DateTime.iJD.
**
** But some older compilers (ex: gcc 4.2.1 on older Macs) cannot deal with 
** such a large integer literal, so we have to encode it.
*/
#define INT_464269060799999  ((((i64)0x1a640)<<32)|0x1072fdff)

/*
** Return TRUE if the given julian day number is within range.
**
** The input is the JulianDay times 86400000.
*/
static int validJulianDay(sqlite3_int64 iJD){
  return iJD>=0 && iJD<=INT_464269060799999;
}

/*
** Compute the Year, Month, and Day from the julian day number.
*/
static void computeYMD(DateTime *p){
  int Z, A, B, C, D, E, X1;
  if( p->validYMD ) return;
  if( !p->validJD ){
    p->Y = 2000;
    p->M = 1;
    p->D = 1;
  }else{
    assert( validJulianDay(p->iJD) );
    Z = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000)/86400000);
    A = (int)((Z - 1867216.25)/36524.25);
    A = Z + 1 + A - (A/4);
    B = A + 1524;
    C = (int)((B - 122.1)/365.25);
    D = (36525*(C&32767))/100;
    E = (int)((B-D)/30.6001);
................................................................................
  p->s = s/1000.0;
  s = (int)p->s;
  p->s -= s;
  p->h = s/3600;
  s -= p->h*3600;
  p->m = s/60;
  p->s += s - p->m*60;
  p->rawS = 0;
  p->validHMS = 1;
}

/*
** Compute both YMD and HMS
*/
static void computeYMD_HMS(DateTime *p){
................................................................................
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
................................................................................
  y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
  y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
  y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
  y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
  y.validYMD = 1;
  y.validHMS = 1;
  y.validJD = 0;
  y.rawS = 0;
  y.validTZ = 0;
  y.isError = 0;
  computeJD(&y);
  *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
  return y.iJD - x.iJD;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME */

/*
** The following table defines various date transformations of the form
**
**            'NNN days'
**
** Where NNN is an arbitrary floating-point number and "days" can be one
** of several units of time.
*/
static const struct {
  u8 eType;           /* Transformation type code */
  u8 nName;           /* Length of th name */
  char *zName;        /* Name of the transformation */
  double rLimit;      /* Maximum NNN value for this transform */
  double rXform;      /* Constant used for this transform */
} aXformType[] = {
  { 0, 6, "second", 464269060800.0, 86400000.0/(24.0*60.0*60.0) },
  { 0, 6, "minute", 7737817680.0,   86400000.0/(24.0*60.0)      },
  { 0, 4, "hour",   128963628.0,    86400000.0/24.0             },
  { 0, 3, "day",    5373485.0,      86400000.0                  },
  { 1, 5, "month",  176546.0,       30.0*86400000.0             },
  { 2, 4, "year",   14713.0,        365.0*86400000.0            },
};

/*
** Process a modifier to a date-time stamp.  The modifiers are
** as follows:
**
**     NNN days
**     NNN hours
................................................................................
**     utc
**
** Return 0 on success and 1 if there is any kind of error. If the error
** is in a system call (i.e. localtime()), then an error message is written
** to context pCtx. If the error is an unrecognized modifier, no error is
** written to pCtx.
*/
static int parseModifier(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Function context */
  const char *z,              /* The text of the modifier */
  int n,                      /* Length of zMod in bytes */
  DateTime *p                 /* The date/time value to be modified */
){
  int rc = 1;
  double r;
  switch(sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)z[0]] ){


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
    case 'l': {
      /*    localtime
      **
      ** Assuming the current time value is UTC (a.k.a. GMT), shift it to
      ** show local time.
      */
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "localtime")==0 ){
        computeJD(p);
        p->iJD += localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    case 'u': {
      /*
      **    unixepoch
      **
      ** Treat the current value of p->s as the number of
      ** seconds since 1970.  Convert to a real julian day number.
      */
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->rawS ){
        r = p->s*1000.0 + 210866760000000.0;
        if( r>=0.0 && r<464269060800000.0 ){
          clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
          p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)r;
          p->validJD = 1;
          p->rawS = 0;
          rc = 0;
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
      else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
        if( p->tzSet==0 ){
          sqlite3_int64 c1;
          computeJD(p);
          c1 = localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->iJD -= c1;
            clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
................................................................................
      /*
      **    weekday N
      **
      ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
      ** weekday N where 0==Sunday, 1==Monday, and so forth.  If the
      ** date is already on the appropriate weekday, this is a no-op.
      */
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "weekday ", 8)==0
               && sqlite3AtoF(&z[8], &r, sqlite3Strlen30(&z[8]), SQLITE_UTF8)
               && (n=(int)r)==r && n>=0 && r<7 ){
        sqlite3_int64 Z;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->validTZ = 0;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
................................................................................
    case 's': {
      /*
      **    start of TTTTT
      **
      ** Move the date backwards to the beginning of the current day,
      ** or month or year.
      */
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "start of ", 9)!=0 ) break;
      z += 9;
      computeYMD(p);
      p->validHMS = 1;
      p->h = p->m = 0;
      p->s = 0.0;
      p->validTZ = 0;
      p->validJD = 0;
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"year")==0 ){
        computeYMD(p);
        p->M = 1;
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        rc = 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    case '+':
    case '-':
    case '0':
................................................................................
    case '4':
    case '5':
    case '6':
    case '7':
    case '8':
    case '9': {
      double rRounder;
      int i;
      for(n=1; z[n] && z[n]!=':' && !sqlite3Isspace(z[n]); n++){}
      if( !sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, n, SQLITE_UTF8) ){
        rc = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( z[n]==':' ){
        /* A modifier of the form (+|-)HH:MM:SS.FFF adds (or subtracts) the
................................................................................
        if( z[0]=='-' ) tx.iJD = -tx.iJD;
        computeJD(p);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        p->iJD += tx.iJD;
        rc = 0;
        break;
      }

      /* If control reaches this point, it means the transformation is
      ** one of the forms like "+NNN days".  */
      z += n;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      if( n>10 || n<3 ) break;
      if( sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)z[n-1]]=='s' ) n--;
      computeJD(p);
      rc = 1;
      rRounder = r<0 ? -0.5 : +0.5;
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aXformType); i++){
        if( aXformType[i].nName==n
         && sqlite3_strnicmp(aXformType[i].zName, z, n)==0
         && r>-aXformType[i].rLimit && r<aXformType[i].rLimit
        ){
          switch( aXformType[i].eType ){
            case 1: { /* Special processing to add months */


              int x;
              computeYMD_HMS(p);
              p->M += (int)r;
              x = p->M>0 ? (p->M-1)/12 : (p->M-12)/12;
              p->Y += x;
              p->M -= x*12;
              p->validJD = 0;

              r -= (int)r;


              break;
            }

            case 2: { /* Special processing to add years */
              int y = (int)r;
              computeYMD_HMS(p);
              p->Y += y;
              p->validJD = 0;
              r -= (int)r;
              break;
            }
          }
          computeJD(p);

          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*aXformType[i].rXform + rRounder);
          rc = 0;
          break;
        }


      }
      clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static int isDate(
  sqlite3_context *context, 
  int argc, 
  sqlite3_value **argv, 
  DateTime *p
){
  int i, n;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }
  if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    setRawDateNumber(p, sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]));

  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    if( z==0 || parseModifier(context, (char*)z, n, p) ) return 1;
  }
  computeJD(p);
  if( p->isError || !validJulianDay(p->iJD) ) return 1;
  return 0;
}


/*
** The following routines implement the various date and time functions
** of SQLite.

Changes to src/dbstat.c.

598
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  pCsr->pStmt = 0;
  zMaster = pCsr->iDb==1 ? "sqlite_temp_master" : "sqlite_master";
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT 'sqlite_master' AS name, 1 AS rootpage, 'table' AS type"
      "  UNION ALL  "
      "SELECT name, rootpage, type"
      "  FROM \"%w\".%s WHERE rootpage!=0"
      "  ORDER BY name", pTab->db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].zName, zMaster);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pTab->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }

................................................................................
      break;
    case 9:            /* pgsize */
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->szPage);
      break;
    default: {          /* schema */
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx);
      int iDb = pCsr->iDb;
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, db->aDb[iDb].zName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int statRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){







|







 







|







598
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652
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664
665
666
  pCsr->pStmt = 0;
  zMaster = pCsr->iDb==1 ? "sqlite_temp_master" : "sqlite_master";
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT 'sqlite_master' AS name, 1 AS rootpage, 'table' AS type"
      "  UNION ALL  "
      "SELECT name, rootpage, type"
      "  FROM \"%w\".%s WHERE rootpage!=0"
      "  ORDER BY name", pTab->db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].zDbSName, zMaster);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pTab->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }

................................................................................
      break;
    case 9:            /* pgsize */
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->szPage);
      break;
    default: {          /* schema */
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx);
      int iDb = pCsr->iDb;
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int statRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){

Changes to src/delete.c.

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  struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
  Table *pTab;
  assert( pItem && pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->db, pItem->pTab);
  pItem->pTab = pTab;
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->nRef++;
  }
  if( sqlite3IndexedByLookup(pParse, pItem) ){
    pTab = 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pView->pSchema);
  pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
  pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pFrom ){
    assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
    pFrom->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
    pFrom->a[0].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
  }
  pSel = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 
                          SF_IncludeHidden, 0, 0);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest);
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iTabCur;           /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iDataCur = 0;      /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur = 0;       /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
................................................................................
  }

  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, (pTrigger?1:0)) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  rcauth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb);

  assert( rcauth==SQLITE_OK || rcauth==SQLITE_DENY || rcauth==SQLITE_IGNORE );
  if( rcauth==SQLITE_DENY ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  assert(!isView || pTrigger);

  /* Assign cursor numbers to the table and all its indices.
................................................................................
    }else{
      if( pPk ){
        /* Add the PK key for this row to the temporary table */
        iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
        nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
            sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(pParse->db, pPk), nPk);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey);
      }else{
        /* Add the rowid of the row to be deleted to the RowSet */
        nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
      }
    }
  
................................................................................
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
    */
    if( !isView ){
      int iAddrOnce = 0;
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ){
        iAddrOnce = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      testcase( IsVirtual(pTab) );
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, OPFLAG_FORDELETE,
                                 iTabCur, aToOpen, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iDataCur==iTabCur );
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iIdxCur==iDataCur+1 );
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddrOnce);
................................................................................
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
................................................................................
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     
  
    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      if( !pPk ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
      for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur + i);
      }
    }
  } /* End non-truncate path */

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
................................................................................
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    u8 p5 = 0;
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,iIdxNoSeek);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    if( eMode!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_AUXDELETE);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    if( eMode==ONEPASS_MULTI ) p5 |= OPFLAG_SAVEPOSITION;







|







 







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<







 







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541
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  struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
  Table *pTab;
  assert( pItem && pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->db, pItem->pTab);
  pItem->pTab = pTab;
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->nTabRef++;
  }
  if( sqlite3IndexedByLookup(pParse, pItem) ){
    pTab = 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pView->pSchema);
  pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
  pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pFrom ){
    assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
    pFrom->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
    pFrom->a[0].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName);
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
  }
  pSel = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 
                          SF_IncludeHidden, 0, 0);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest);
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */

  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iTabCur;           /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iDataCur = 0;      /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur = 0;       /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
................................................................................
  }

  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, (pTrigger?1:0)) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );

  rcauth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, 
                            db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName);
  assert( rcauth==SQLITE_OK || rcauth==SQLITE_DENY || rcauth==SQLITE_IGNORE );
  if( rcauth==SQLITE_DENY ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  assert(!isView || pTrigger);

  /* Assign cursor numbers to the table and all its indices.
................................................................................
    }else{
      if( pPk ){
        /* Add the PK key for this row to the temporary table */
        iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
        nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
            sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(pParse->db, pPk), nPk);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey, iPk, nPk);
      }else{
        /* Add the rowid of the row to be deleted to the RowSet */
        nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
      }
    }
  
................................................................................
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
    */
    if( !isView ){
      int iAddrOnce = 0;
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ){
        iAddrOnce = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      testcase( IsVirtual(pTab) );
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, OPFLAG_FORDELETE,
                                 iTabCur, aToOpen, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iDataCur==iTabCur );
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iIdxCur==iDataCur+1 );
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddrOnce);
................................................................................
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
................................................................................
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     








  } /* End non-truncate path */

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
................................................................................
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    u8 p5 = 0;
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,iIdxNoSeek);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    if( eMode!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_AUXDELETE);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    if( eMode==ONEPASS_MULTI ) p5 |= OPFLAG_SAVEPOSITION;

Changes to src/expr.c.

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....
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2936
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2984
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....
3173
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3180
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3186
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3216
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3309
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....
3398
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3408
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3412
....
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3465
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3470

3471
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3479
....
3496
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3499
3500
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3503
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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"













/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
** If pExpr is a column, a reference to a column via an 'AS' alias,
** or a sub-select with a column as the return value, then the 
** affinity of that column is returned. Otherwise, 0x00 is returned,
................................................................................
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_Generic ) return 0;
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
    int j = pExpr->iColumn;
    if( j<0 ) return SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    assert( pExpr->pTab && j<pExpr->pTab->nCol );
    return pExpr->pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
  }
  return pExpr->affinity;
}

/*
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to a new Expr node that
................................................................................
          pExpr->op==TK_NE || pExpr->op==TK_IS || pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( !aff ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
................................................................................
  p4 = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pLeft, pRight);
  p5 = binaryCompareP5(pLeft, pRight, jumpIfNull);
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(pParse->pVdbe, opcode, in2, dest, in1,
                           (void*)p4, P4_COLLSEQ);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(pParse->pVdbe, (u8)p5);
  return addr;
}













































































































































































































































































#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
/*
** Check that argument nHeight is less than or equal to the maximum
** expression depth allowed. If it is not, leave an error message in
** pParse.
*/
................................................................................
** Special case:  If op==TK_INTEGER and pToken points to a string that
** can be translated into a 32-bit integer, then the token is not
** stored in u.zToken.  Instead, the integer values is written
** into u.iValue and the EP_IntValue flag is set.  No extra storage
** is allocated to hold the integer text and the dequote flag is ignored.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Handle for sqlite3DbMallocZero() (may be null) */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  const Token *pToken,    /* Token argument.  Might be NULL */
  int dequote             /* True to dequote */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nExtra = 0;
  int iValue = 0;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op & TKFLG_MASK, pToken, 1);





    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
** in the original SQL statement.  
**
** Wildcards consisting of a single "?" are assigned the next sequential
** variable number.
**
** Wildcards of the form "?nnn" are assigned the number "nnn".  We make
** sure "nnn" is not too be to avoid a denial of service attack when
** the SQL statement comes from an external source.
**
** Wildcards of the form ":aaa", "@aaa", or "$aaa" are assigned the same number
** as the previous instance of the same wildcard.  Or if this is the first
** instance of the wildcard, the next sequential variable number is
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;


  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );

  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
  }else{
    ynVar x = 0;
    u32 n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    if( z[0]=='?' ){
      /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
      ** use it as the variable number */
      i64 i;
      int bOk = 0==sqlite3Atoi64(&z[1], &i, n-1, SQLITE_UTF8);
      pExpr->iColumn = x = (ynVar)i;
      testcase( i==0 );
      testcase( i==1 );
      testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
      testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
      if( bOk==0 || i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
            db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);
        x = 0;

      }
      if( i>pParse->nVar ){
        pParse->nVar = (int)i;



      }
    }else{
      /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
      ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
      ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
      */
      ynVar i;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nzVar; i++){
        if( pParse->azVar[i] && strcmp(pParse->azVar[i],z)==0 ){
          pExpr->iColumn = x = (ynVar)i+1;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( x==0 ) x = pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
    }
    if( x>0 ){
      if( x>pParse->nzVar ){
        char **a;
        a = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pParse->azVar, x*sizeof(a[0]));
        if( a==0 ){
          assert( db->mallocFailed ); /* Error reported through mallocFailed */
          return;
        }
        pParse->azVar = a;
        memset(&a[pParse->nzVar], 0, (x-pParse->nzVar)*sizeof(a[0]));
        pParse->nzVar = x;

      }
      if( z[0]!='?' || pParse->azVar[x-1]==0 ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->azVar[x-1]);
        pParse->azVar[x-1] = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, z, n);
      }


    }
  } 

  if( !pParse->nErr && pParse->nVar>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many SQL variables");
  }
}

/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void sqlite3ExprDeleteNN(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  assert( p!=0 );
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );

  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){






    /* The Expr.x union is never used at the same time as Expr.pRight */
    assert( p->x.pList==0 || p->pRight==0 );
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);

    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }

  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p ) sqlite3ExprDeleteNN(db, p);
}
................................................................................
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */
  assert( EXPR_FULLSIZE<=0xfff );
  assert( (0xfff & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
  if( 0==flags ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_NoReduce) );
    if( p->pLeft || p->x.pList ){
................................................................................

    /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
    if( nToken ){
      char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
      memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
    }

    if( 0==((p->flags|pNew->flags) & EP_TokenOnly) ){
      /* Fill in the pNew->x.pSelect or pNew->x.pList member. */
      if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, dupFlags);
      }else{
        pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, dupFlags);
      }
    }

    /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
    if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
      zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, dupFlags);
      if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
        pNew->pLeft = p->pLeft ?
                      exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc) : 0;
        pNew->pRight = p->pRight ?
                       exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc) : 0;
      }
      if( pzBuffer ){
        *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
      }
    }else{
      if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){





        pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);

        pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

................................................................................
  assert( flags==0 || flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE );
  return p ? exprDup(db, p, flags, 0) : 0;
}
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;

  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->nExpr = i = p->nExpr;
  if( (flags & EXPRDUP_REDUCE)==0 ) for(i=1; i<p->nExpr; i+=i){}
  pNew->a = pItem = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db,  i*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
................................................................................
  if( pItem==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    return 0;
  } 
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;

    pItem->pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
















    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->bSpanIsTab = pOldItem->bSpanIsTab;
    pItem->u = pOldItem->u;
  }
................................................................................
    pNewItem->pIBIndex = pOldItem->pIBIndex;
    if( pNewItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
      pNewItem->u1.pFuncArg = 
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pOldItem->u1.pFuncArg, flags);
    }
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
    pNewItem->pOn = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldItem->pOn, flags);
    pNewItem->pUsing = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pOldItem->pUsing);
    pNewItem->colUsed = pOldItem->colUsed;
  }
  return pNew;
................................................................................

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}






































































/*
** Set the sort order for the last element on the given ExprList.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListSetSortOrder(ExprList *p, int iSortOrder){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( SQLITE_SO_UNDEFINED<0 && SQLITE_SO_ASC>=0 && SQLITE_SO_DESC>0 );
................................................................................
** table, then return NULL.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
static Select *isCandidateForInOpt(Expr *pX){
  Select *p;
  SrcList *pSrc;
  ExprList *pEList;
  Expr *pRes;
  Table *pTab;

  if( !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ) return 0;  /* Not a subquery */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_VarSelect)  ) return 0;  /* Correlated subq */
  p = pX->x.pSelect;
  if( p->pPrior ) return 0;              /* Not a compound SELECT */
  if( p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate) ){
    testcase( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
    testcase( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;          /* Single term in FROM clause */
  if( pSrc->a[0].pSelect ) return 0;     /* FROM is not a subquery or view */
  pTab = pSrc->a[0].pTab;
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );            /* FROM clause is not a view */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;        /* FROM clause not a virtual table */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;       /* One column in the result set */


  pRes = pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pRes->op!=TK_COLUMN ) return 0;    /* Result is a column */
  assert( pRes->iTable==pSrc->a[0].iCursor );  /* Not a correlated subquery */

  return p;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** Code an OP_Once instruction and allocate space for its flag. Return the 
** address of the new instruction.
*/
int sqlite3CodeOnce(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);      /* Virtual machine being coded */
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Once, pParse->nOnce++);
}


/*
** Generate code that checks the left-most column of index table iCur to see if
** it contains any NULL entries.  Cause the register at regHasNull to be set
** to a non-NULL value if iCur contains no NULLs.  Cause register regHasNull
** to be set to NULL if iCur contains one or more NULL values.
*/
static void sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(Vdbe *v, int iCur, int regHasNull){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regHasNull);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, 0, regHasNull);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
  VdbeComment((v, "first_entry_in(%d)", iCur));
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
}



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** The argument is an IN operator with a list (not a subquery) on the 
** right-hand side.  Return TRUE if that list is constant.
*/
................................................................................
**                         populated epheremal table.
**   IN_INDEX_NOOP       - No cursor was allocated.  The IN operator must be
**                         implemented as a sequence of comparisons.
**
** An existing b-tree might be used if the RHS expression pX is a simple
** subquery such as:
**
**     SELECT <column> FROM <table>
**
** If the RHS of the IN operator is a list or a more complex subquery, then
** an ephemeral table might need to be generated from the RHS and then
** pX->iTable made to point to the ephemeral table instead of an
** existing table.
**
** The inFlags parameter must contain exactly one of the bits
................................................................................
** IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP, then the generated table will be used for a
** fast membership test.  When the IN_INDEX_LOOP bit is set, the
** IN index will be used to loop over all values of the RHS of the
** IN operator.
**
** When IN_INDEX_LOOP is used (and the b-tree will be used to iterate
** through the set members) then the b-tree must not contain duplicates.
** An epheremal table must be used unless the selected <column> is guaranteed
** to be unique - either because it is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or it
** has a UNIQUE constraint or UNIQUE index.
**
** When IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP is used (and the b-tree will be used 
** for fast set membership tests) then an epheremal table must 
** be used unless <column> is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or an index can 
** be found with <column> as its left-most column.
**
** If the IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK and IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP are both set and
** if the RHS of the IN operator is a list (not a subquery) then this
** routine might decide that creating an ephemeral b-tree for membership
** testing is too expensive and return IN_INDEX_NOOP.  In that case, the
** calling routine should implement the IN operator using a sequence
** of Eq or Ne comparison operations.
................................................................................
** to *prRhsHasNull. If there is no chance that the (...) contains a
** NULL value, then *prRhsHasNull is left unchanged.
**
** If a register is allocated and its location stored in *prRhsHasNull, then
** the value in that register will be NULL if the b-tree contains one or more
** NULL values, and it will be some non-NULL value if the b-tree contains no
** NULL values.











*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *pParse, Expr *pX, u32 inFlags, int *prRhsHasNull){






  Select *p;                            /* SELECT to the right of IN operator */
  int eType = 0;                        /* Type of RHS table. IN_INDEX_* */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;            /* Cursor of the RHS table */
  int mustBeUnique;                     /* True if RHS must be unique */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);     /* Virtual machine being coded */

  assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
  mustBeUnique = (inFlags & IN_INDEX_LOOP)!=0;

















  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  if( pParse->nErr==0 && (p = isCandidateForInOpt(pX))!=0 ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */
    Table *pTab;                           /* Table <table>. */
    Expr *pExpr;                           /* Expression <column> */
    i16 iCol;                              /* Index of column <column> */
    i16 iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */



    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = (i16)pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_Transaction and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
    ** has already been allocated. So assume sqlite3GetVdbe() is always
    ** successful here.
    */
    assert(v);
    if( iCol<0 ){
      int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
    }else{
      Index *pIdx;                         /* Iterator variable */



      /* The collation sequence used by the comparison. If an index is to
      ** be used in place of a temp-table, it must be ordered according
      ** to this collation sequence.  */
      CollSeq *pReq = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pExpr);

      /* Check that the affinity that will be used to perform the 
      ** comparison is the same as the affinity of the column. If
      ** it is not, it is not possible to use any index.
      */



















      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);





      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)))











        ){
          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);




































          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          if( prRhsHasNull && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
            const i64 sOne = 1;

            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_ColumnsUsed, 
                iTab, 0, 0, (u8*)&sOne, P4_INT64);
#endif
            *prRhsHasNull = ++pParse->nMem;

            sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(v, iTab, *prRhsHasNull);
          }

          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
        }
      }
    }
  }





  /* If no preexisting index is available for the IN clause
  ** and IN_INDEX_NOOP is an allowed reply
  ** and the RHS of the IN operator is a list, not a subquery
  ** and the RHS is not constant or has two or fewer terms,
  ** then it is not worth creating an ephemeral table to evaluate
  ** the IN operator so return IN_INDEX_NOOP.
................................................................................
  if( eType==0
   && (inFlags & IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK)
   && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect)
   && (!sqlite3InRhsIsConstant(pX) || pX->x.pList->nExpr<=2)
  ){
    eType = IN_INDEX_NOOP;
  }
     

  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not find an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
    ** We will have to generate an ephemeral table to do the job.
    */
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
................................................................................
      *prRhsHasNull = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
  }






  return eType;
}
#endif






































































/*
** Generate code for scalar subqueries used as a subquery expression, EXISTS,
** or IN operators.  Examples:
**
**     (SELECT a FROM b)          -- subquery
**     EXISTS (SELECT a FROM b)   -- EXISTS subquery
................................................................................
** If rMayHaveNull is non-zero, that means that the operation is an IN
** (not a SELECT or EXISTS) and that the RHS might contains NULLs.
** All this routine does is initialize the register given by rMayHaveNull
** to NULL.  Calling routines will take care of changing this register
** value to non-NULL if the RHS is NULL-free.
**
** For a SELECT or EXISTS operator, return the register that holds the


** result.  For IN operators or if an error occurs, the return value is 0.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,            /* The IN, SELECT, or EXISTS operator */
  int rHasNullFlag,       /* Register that records whether NULLs exist in RHS */
  int isRowid             /* If true, LHS of IN operator is a rowid */
................................................................................
){
  int jmpIfDynamic = -1;                      /* One-time test address */
  int rReg = 0;                           /* Register storing resulting */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( NEVER(v==0) ) return 0;
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);

  /* This code must be run in its entirety every time it is encountered
  ** if any of the following is true:
  **
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    jmpIfDynamic = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d",
        jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR",
................................................................................
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */


      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);


      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way.  An ephemeral table is 
      ** filled with single-field index keys representing the results
      ** from the SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
      ** If the 'x' expression is a column value, or the SELECT...
      ** statement returns a column value, then the affinity of that
      ** column is used to build the index keys. If both 'x' and the
      ** SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity is used
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);

      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, 1, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
        Select *pSelect = pExpr->x.pSelect;
        SelectDest dest;
        ExprList *pEList;

        assert( !isRowid );





        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;

        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pSelect->iLimit = 0;
        testcase( pSelect->selFlags & SF_Distinct );
        testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest) ){

          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pSelect->pEList;

        assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
        assert( pEList!=0 );
        assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );
        assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );


        pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
                                                         pEList->a[0].pExpr);



      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
        /* Case 2:     expr IN (exprlist)
        **
        ** For each expression, build an index key from the evaluation and
        ** store it in the temporary table. If <expr> is a column, then use
        ** that columns affinity when building index keys. If <expr> is not
        ** a column, use numeric affinity.
        */

        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;


        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }
................................................................................
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r3,
                                sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pExpr->iTable, r2, r3);
            }else{
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, r3, 1, r2, &affinity, 1);
              sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r3, 1);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pExpr->iTable, r2);
            }
          }
        }
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
      if( pKeyInfo ){
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT:
    default: {
      /* If this has to be a scalar SELECT.  Generate code to put the
      ** value of this select in a memory cell and record the number
      ** of the memory cell in iColumn.  If this is an EXISTS, write




      ** an integer 0 (not exists) or 1 (exists) into a memory cell
      ** and record that memory cell in iColumn.




      */
      Select *pSel;                         /* SELECT statement to encode */
      SelectDest dest;                      /* How to deal with SELECt result */


      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS || pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );

      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;

      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, ++pParse->nMem);

      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
        dest.eDest = SRT_Mem;
        dest.iSdst = dest.iSDParm;

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, dest.iSDParm);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init subquery result"));
      }else{
        dest.eDest = SRT_Exists;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, dest.iSDParm);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init EXISTS result"));
      }
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pSel->pLimit);
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      pSel->selFlags &= ~SF_MultiValue;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmpIfDynamic);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */























#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Generate code for an IN expression.
**
**      x IN (SELECT ...)
**      x IN (value, value, ...)
**
** The left-hand side (LHS) is a scalar expression.  The right-hand side (RHS)
** is an array of zero or more values.  The expression is true if the LHS is
** contained within the RHS.  The value of the expression is unknown (NULL)
** if the LHS is NULL or if the LHS is not contained within the RHS and the
** RHS contains one or more NULL values.





**
** This routine generates code that jumps to destIfFalse if the LHS is not 
** contained within the RHS.  If due to NULLs we cannot determine if the LHS
** is contained in the RHS then jump to destIfNull.  If the LHS is contained
** within the RHS then fall through.



*/
static void sqlite3ExprCodeIN(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The IN expression */
  int destIfFalse,      /* Jump here if LHS is not contained in the RHS */
  int destIfNull        /* Jump here if the results are unknown due to NULLs */
){
  int rRhsHasNull = 0;  /* Register that is true if RHS contains NULL values */
  char affinity;        /* Comparison affinity to use */
  int eType;            /* Type of the RHS */

  int r1;               /* Temporary use register */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Statement under construction */












  /* Compute the RHS.   After this step, the table with cursor











  ** pExpr->iTable will contains the values that make up the RHS.
  */

  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* OOM detected prior to this routine */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin IN expr"));
  eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pExpr,
                             IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP | IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK,
                             destIfFalse==destIfNull ? 0 : &rRhsHasNull);

  /* Figure out the affinity to use to create a key from the results
  ** of the expression. affinityStr stores a static string suitable for
  ** P4 of OP_MakeRecord.
  */


  affinity = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);








  /* Code the LHS, the <expr> from "<expr> IN (...)".







  */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);







  r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, r1);





  /* If sqlite3FindInIndex() did not find or create an index that is
  ** suitable for evaluating the IN operator, then evaluate using a
  ** sequence of comparisons.


  */
  if( eType==IN_INDEX_NOOP ){
    ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
    CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
    int labelOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int r2, regToFree;
    int regCkNull = 0;
    int ii;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    if( destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
      regCkNull = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, r1, r1, regCkNull);
    }
    for(ii=0; ii<pList->nExpr; ii++){
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pList->a[ii].pExpr, &regToFree);
      if( regCkNull && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pList->a[ii].pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, regCkNull, r2, regCkNull);
      }
      if( ii<pList->nExpr-1 || destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Eq, r1, labelOk, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii<pList->nExpr-1);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii==pList->nExpr-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity);
      }else{
        assert( destIfNull==destIfFalse );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, r1, destIfFalse, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regToFree);
    }
    if( regCkNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regCkNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regCkNull);
  }else{
  
    /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending

    ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.


    */
    if( sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pExpr->pLeft) ){
      if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){
        /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
        ** the same. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);





        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      }
    }
  




    if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
      /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
      */


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

    }else{
      /* In this case, the RHS is an index b-tree.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, r1, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);





  
      /* If the set membership test fails, then the result of the 
      ** "x IN (...)" expression must be either 0 or NULL. If the set
      ** contains no NULL values, then the result is 0. If the set 
      ** contains one or more NULL values, then the result of the
      ** expression is also NULL.







      */
      assert( destIfFalse!=destIfNull || rRhsHasNull==0 );
      if( rRhsHasNull==0 ){
        /* This branch runs if it is known at compile time that the RHS
        ** cannot contain NULL values. This happens as the result
        ** of a "NOT NULL" constraint in the database schema.












        **
        ** Also run this branch if NULL is equivalent to FALSE
        ** for this particular IN operator.


        */

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1, 1);
        VdbeCoverage(v);


      }else{
        /* In this branch, the RHS of the IN might contain a NULL and
        ** the presence of a NULL on the RHS makes a difference in the
        ** outcome.
        */
        int addr1;



  
        /* First check to see if the LHS is contained in the RHS.  If so,
        ** then the answer is TRUE the presence of NULLs in the RHS does
        ** not matter.  If the LHS is not contained in the RHS, then the
        ** answer is NULL if the RHS contains NULLs and the answer is
        ** FALSE if the RHS is NULL-free.
        */
        addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);









        VdbeCoverage(v);


        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull);



        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      }



    }
  }




  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));



}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif



    }
  }
}

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Verify the consistency of the column cache

*/
static int cacheIsValid(Parse *pParse){
  int i, n;
  for(i=n=0; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++){
    if( pParse->aColCache[i].iReg>0 ) n++;
  }
  return n==pParse->nColCache;
}
#endif

/*
** Clear a cache entry.
*/
static void cacheEntryClear(Parse *pParse, struct yColCache *p){
  if( p->tempReg ){
    if( pParse->nTempReg<ArraySize(pParse->aTempReg) ){
      pParse->aTempReg[pParse->nTempReg++] = p->iReg;
    }
    p->tempReg = 0;
  }
  p->iReg = 0;
  pParse->nColCache--;
  assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed || cacheIsValid(pParse) );



}


/*
** Record in the column cache that a particular column from a
** particular table is stored in a particular register.
*/
................................................................................

  /* First replace any existing entry.
  **
  ** Actually, the way the column cache is currently used, we are guaranteed
  ** that the object will never already be in cache.  Verify this guarantee.
  */
#ifndef NDEBUG
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    assert( p->iReg==0 || p->iTable!=iTab || p->iColumn!=iCol );
  }
#endif

  /* Find an empty slot and replace it */
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg==0 ){
      p->iLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel;
      p->iTable = iTab;
      p->iColumn = iCol;
      p->iReg = iReg;
      p->tempReg = 0;
      p->lru = pParse->iCacheCnt++;
      pParse->nColCache++;
      assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed || cacheIsValid(pParse) );
      return;
    }
  }

  /* Replace the last recently used */
  minLru = 0x7fffffff;
  idxLru = -1;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->lru<minLru ){
      idxLru = i;
      minLru = p->lru;
    }
  }
  if( ALWAYS(idxLru>=0) ){
    p = &pParse->aColCache[idxLru];





    p->iLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel;
    p->iTable = iTab;
    p->iColumn = iCol;
    p->iReg = iReg;
    p->tempReg = 0;
    p->lru = pParse->iCacheCnt++;
    assert( cacheIsValid(pParse) );
    return;
  }
}

/*
** Indicate that registers between iReg..iReg+nReg-1 are being overwritten.
** Purge the range of registers from the column cache.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse *pParse, int iReg, int nReg){
  struct yColCache *p;
  if( iReg<=0 || pParse->nColCache==0 ) return;
  p = &pParse->aColCache[SQLITE_N_COLCACHE-1];
  while(1){
    if( p->iReg >= iReg && p->iReg < iReg+nReg ) cacheEntryClear(pParse, p);

    if( p==pParse->aColCache ) break;
    p--;


  }
}

/*
** Remember the current column cache context.  Any new entries added
** added to the column cache after this call are removed when the
** corresponding pop occurs.
................................................................................

/*
** Remove from the column cache any entries that were added since the
** the previous sqlite3ExprCachePush operation.  In other words, restore
** the cache to the state it was in prior the most recent Push.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse *pParse){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  assert( pParse->iCacheLevel>=1 );
  pParse->iCacheLevel--;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("POP  to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg && p->iLevel>pParse->iCacheLevel ){
      cacheEntryClear(pParse, p);


    }
  }
}

/*
** When a cached column is reused, make sure that its register is
** no longer available as a temp register.  ticket #3879:  that same
** register might be in the cache in multiple places, so be sure to
** get them all.
*/
static void sqlite3ExprCachePinRegister(Parse *pParse, int iReg){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg==iReg ){
      p->tempReg = 0;
    }
  }
}

/* Generate code that will load into register regOut a value that is
................................................................................
  int iReg,        /* Store results here */
  u8 p5            /* P5 value for OP_Column + FLAGS */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;

  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg>0 && p->iTable==iTable && p->iColumn==iColumn ){
      p->lru = pParse->iCacheCnt++;
      sqlite3ExprCachePinRegister(pParse, p->iReg);
      return p->iReg;
    }
  }  
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTable, iColumn, iReg);
................................................................................


/*
** Clear all column cache entries.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse *pParse){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("CLEAR\n");
  }
#endif
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg ){
      cacheEntryClear(pParse, p);


    }
  }

}

/*
** Record the fact that an affinity change has occurred on iCount
** registers starting with iStart.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse *pParse, int iStart, int iCount){
................................................................................
**
** This routine is used within assert() and testcase() macros only
** and does not appear in a normal build.
*/
static int usedAsColumnCache(Parse *pParse, int iFrom, int iTo){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */


/*
** Convert an expression node to a TK_REGISTER


*/
static void exprToRegister(Expr *p, int iReg){
  p->op2 = p->op;
  p->op = TK_REGISTER;
  p->iTable = iReg;
  ExprClearProperty(p, EP_Skip);
}

































/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* The VM under construction */
  int op;                   /* The opcode being coded */
  int inReg = target;       /* Results stored in register inReg */
  int regFree1 = 0;         /* If non-zero free this temporary register */
  int regFree2 = 0;         /* If non-zero free this temporary register */
  int r1, r2, r3, r4;       /* Various register numbers */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  Expr tempX;               /* Temporary expression node */

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( v==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }

................................................................................
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      AggInfo *pAggInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      struct AggInfo_col *pCol = &pAggInfo->aCol[pExpr->iAgg];
      if( !pAggInfo->directMode ){
        assert( pCol->iMem>0 );
        inReg = pCol->iMem;
        break;
      }else if( pAggInfo->useSortingIdx ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pAggInfo->sortingIdxPTab,
                              pCol->iSorterColumn, target);
        break;
      }
      /* Otherwise, fall thru into the TK_COLUMN case */
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      int iTab = pExpr->iTable;
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->ckBase>0 ){
          /* Generating CHECK constraints or inserting into partial index */
          inReg = pExpr->iColumn + pParse->ckBase;
          break;
        }else{
          /* Coding an expression that is part of an index where column names
          ** in the index refer to the table to which the index belongs */
          iTab = pParse->iSelfTab;
        }
      }
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pExpr->pTab,
                               pExpr->iColumn, iTab, target,
                               pExpr->op2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      codeInteger(pParse, pExpr, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      codeReal(v, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, target, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      int n;
      const char *z;
      char *zBlob;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
................................................................................
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
      z = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z) - 1;
      assert( z[n]=='\'' );
      zBlob = sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), z, n);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, n/2, target, 0, zBlob, P4_DYNAMIC);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken!=0 );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iColumn, target);
      if( pExpr->u.zToken[1]!=0 ){

        assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='?' 
             || strcmp(pExpr->u.zToken, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1])==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1], P4_STATIC);

      }
      break;

    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      inReg = pExpr->iTable;
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      if( inReg!=target ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
        inReg = target;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Cast, target,
                        sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0));
      testcase( usedAsColumnCache(pParse, inReg, inReg) );
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, inReg, 1);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */





    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {




      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2 | SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      assert( pLeft );
      if( pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        codeInteger(pParse, pLeft, 1, target);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      }else if( pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
        codeReal(v, pLeft->u.zToken, 1, target);

#endif
      }else{
        tempX.op = TK_INTEGER;
        tempX.flags = EP_IntValue|EP_TokenOnly;
        tempX.u.iValue = 0;
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &tempX, &regFree1);
        r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, r2, r1, target);
        testcase( regFree2==0 );
      }
      inReg = target;
      break;
    }
    case TK_BITNOT:
    case TK_NOT: {
      assert( TK_BITNOT==OP_BitNot );   testcase( op==TK_BITNOT );
      assert( TK_NOT==OP_Not );         testcase( op==TK_NOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      inReg = target;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, inReg);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int addr;
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate: %s()", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        inReg = pInfo->aFunc[pExpr->iAgg].iMem;
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      int nFarg;             /* Number of function arguments */
      FuncDef *pDef;         /* The function definition object */
      const char *zId;       /* The function name */
      u32 constMask = 0;     /* Mask of function arguments that are constant */
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */

      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */






      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

















      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function0, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT: {

      testcase( op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( op==TK_SELECT );



      inReg = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pExpr, 0, 0);

      break;
    }














    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
................................................................................
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      struct ExprList_item *pLItem = pExpr->x.pList->a;
      Expr *pRight = pLItem->pExpr;

      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      r3 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      r4 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Ge,
                  r1, r2, r3, SQLITE_STOREP2);  VdbeCoverage(v);
      pLItem++;
      pRight = pLItem->pExpr;
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Le, r1, r2, r4, SQLITE_STOREP2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_And, r3, r4, target);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r3);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r4);
      break;
    }
    case TK_SPAN:
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      break;
    }

    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
................................................................................
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
    }






    /*
    ** Form A:
    **   CASE x WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form B:
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
................................................................................
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        tempX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        exprToRegister(&tempX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1));
        testcase( regFree1==0 );

        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &tempX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
................................................................................
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      assert( pExpr->affinity==OE_Rollback 
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
  return inReg;
}

/*
** Factor out the code of the given expression to initialization time.






*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,      /* The expression to code when the VDBE initializes */
  int regDest,      /* Store the value in this register */
  u8 reusable       /* True if this expression is reusable */
){
  ExprList *p;
  assert( ConstFactorOk(pParse) );
  p = pParse->pConstExpr;









  pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pExpr, 0);
  p = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, p, pExpr);
  if( p ){
     struct ExprList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nExpr-1];


     pItem->u.iConstExprReg = regDest;
     pItem->reusable = reusable;
  }
  pParse->pConstExpr = p;

}

/*
** Generate code to evaluate an expression and store the results
** into a register.  Return the register number where the results
** are stored.
**
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int *pReg){
  int r2;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( ConstFactorOk(pParse)
   && pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER
   && sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pExpr)
  ){
    ExprList *p = pParse->pConstExpr;
    int i;
    *pReg  = 0;
    if( p ){
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      for(pItem=p->a, i=p->nExpr; i>0; pItem++, i--){
        if( pItem->reusable && sqlite3ExprCompare(pItem->pExpr,pExpr,-1)==0 ){
          return pItem->u.iConstExprReg;
        }
      }
    }
    r2 = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, r2, 1);
  }else{
    int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    if( r2==r1 ){
      *pReg = r1;
    }else{
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
................................................................................
** Generate code that will evaluate expression pExpr and store the
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.  If the expression is constant, then this routine
** might choose to code the expression at initialization time.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  if( pParse->okConstFactor && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that evaluates the given expression and puts the result
................................................................................
  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;
    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_REF)!=0 && (j = pList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){




      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, copyOp, j+srcReg-1, target+i);

    }else if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR)!=0 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target+i, 0);
    }else{
      int inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target+i);
      if( inReg!=target+i ){
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        if( copyOp==OP_Copy
         && (pOp=sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1))->opcode==OP_Copy
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3+1==inReg
................................................................................
**
** The above is equivalent to 
**
**    x>=y AND x<=z
**
** Code it as such, taking care to do the common subexpression
** elimination of x.








*/
static void exprCodeBetween(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,      /* The BETWEEN expression */
  int dest,         /* Jump here if the jump is taken */
  int jumpIfTrue,   /* Take the jump if the BETWEEN is true */
  int jumpIfNull    /* Take the jump if the BETWEEN is NULL */
){
  Expr exprAnd;     /* The AND operator in  x>=y AND x<=z  */
  Expr compLeft;    /* The  x>=y  term */
  Expr compRight;   /* The  x<=z  term */
  Expr exprX;       /* The  x  subexpression */
  int regFree1 = 0; /* Temporary use register */






  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  exprX = *pExpr->pLeft;
  exprAnd.op = TK_AND;
  exprAnd.pLeft = &compLeft;
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));
  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{






    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

  /* Ensure adequate test coverage */
  testcase( jumpIfTrue==0 && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue==0 && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue==0 && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue==0 && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue!=0 && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue!=0 && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue!=0 && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( jumpIfTrue!=0 && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1!=0 );

}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.
**
................................................................................
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {

      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
................................................................................
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 1, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = jumpIfNull ? dest : destIfFalse;
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {

      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
................................................................................
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {

      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
................................................................................
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );   VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 0, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      if( jumpIfNull ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, dest, dest);
      }else{
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, dest, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {

      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
................................................................................
  }
  if( pE2->op==TK_OR
   && (sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pE1, pE2->pLeft, iTab)
             || sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pE1, pE2->pRight, iTab) )
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( pE2->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && sqlite3ExprCompare(pE1->pLeft, pE2->pLeft, iTab)==0
   && (pE1->op!=TK_ISNULL && pE1->op!=TK_IS)
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used by the tree walker
** to determine if an expression can be evaluated by reference to the
................................................................................
** the deallocation is deferred until the column cache line that uses
** the register becomes stale.
*/
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse *pParse, int iReg){
  if( iReg && pParse->nTempReg<ArraySize(pParse->aTempReg) ){
    int i;
    struct yColCache *p;
    for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
      if( p->iReg==iReg ){
        p->tempReg = 1;
        return;
      }
    }
    pParse->aTempReg[pParse->nTempReg++] = iReg;
  }
}

/*
** Allocate or deallocate a block of nReg consecutive registers
*/
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse *pParse, int nReg){
  int i, n;

  i = pParse->iRangeReg;
  n = pParse->nRangeReg;
  if( nReg<=n ){
    assert( !usedAsColumnCache(pParse, i, i+n-1) );
    pParse->iRangeReg += nReg;
    pParse->nRangeReg -= nReg;
  }else{
    i = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nReg;
  }
  return i;
}
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse *pParse, int iReg, int nReg){




  sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, iReg, nReg);
  if( nReg>pParse->nRangeReg ){
    pParse->nRangeReg = nReg;
    pParse->iRangeReg = iReg;
  }
}








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9
10
11
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13
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15
16
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19
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23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
..
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
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55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68

69
70
71
72
73
74
75
...
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
...
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
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332
333
334
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336
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541
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591
592
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594
595
596
597
...
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
...
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826

827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
...
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
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946
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948
949
950
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979
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998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024

1025
1026

1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
....
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
....
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
....
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
....
1307
1308
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1311
1312
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1314
1315
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1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
....
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
....
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
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1499
1500
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1502
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1522
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1524
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1526
1527
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1529
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1536
1537
1538
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1540
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1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
....
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973

1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
....
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008









2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
....
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
....
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
....
2079
2080
2081
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2083
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2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
....
2107
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2157
2158
2159
2160
2161

2162
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2164


2165
2166
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2168
2169
2170
2171
2172


2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181



2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193





2194
2195
2196

2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
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2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
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2216
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2221
2222



2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
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2230
2231
2232
2233
2234

2235
2236
2237
2238
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2240
2241
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2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
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2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
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2263
2264
2265
2266
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2270
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2274
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2277
2278

2279
2280
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2285
2286
2287
2288
2289



2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
....
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308

2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
....
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
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2400
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2403
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2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
....
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
....
2444
2445
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2447
2448
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2451
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2453
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2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
....
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
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2477

2478
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2484
2485
2486
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2500
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2511
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2520
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2530
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2549
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2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
....
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
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2597
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2600
2601
2602
2603
....
2605
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2620
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2632
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2650
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....
2668
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2731
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2759
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2769
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2798
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2848
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2853

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2855

2856
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2863
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2872
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2878
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2885
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2893



2894
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2907
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2916
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2920
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2937
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2955
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2957
2958
2959
....
2989
2990
2991
2992
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2994
2995
2996



2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
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3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015

3016

3017
3018












3019
3020
3021
3022
3023

3024

3025

3026
3027
3028
3029
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3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
....
3051
3052
3053
3054
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3063








3064






3065
3066
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3071
3072

3073
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3085
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3095
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3098
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3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
....
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123

3124
3125
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3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
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3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
....
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
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3229
3230
3231
3232
3233
3234
3235
....
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259

3260
3261
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3266
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3268
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3270
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3274
3275
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3280
....
3298
3299
3300
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3302
3303
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3306
3307
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3309
3310
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3321
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3333
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3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
....
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
....
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396

3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409

3410
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3414
3415
3416
3417
3418

3419
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3422
3423
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3431
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3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
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3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
....
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
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3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463

3464
3465
3466

3467
3468
3469
3470

3471
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3473
3474
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3476
3477
3478
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3500
3501
3502
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3504
3505
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3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513

3514













3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
....
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
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3558
3559
3560
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3564
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3566
3567

3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575

3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
....
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
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3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
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3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
....
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665

3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
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3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
....
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
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3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
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3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
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3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
....
3804
3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812





















3813
3814
3815
3816
3817

3818
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
....
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
....
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
3924
3925
3926
3927
3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
....
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956
3957
3958
3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
....
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010

4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030

4031
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
....
4049
4050
4051
4052
4053
4054
4055


4056









4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
....
4104
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
....
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
....
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
4215
4216
4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
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4233
4234
4235
4236
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4251
4252
4253
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4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
....
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
....
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
....
4487
4488
4489
4490
4491
4492
4493
4494
4495
4496
4497
4498
4499
4500
4501
....
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529
4530
4531
4532
....
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
4546
4547
4548
....
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702

4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
4709
....
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
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5058
5059
5060
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5064
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5067
5068
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5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Forward declarations */
static void exprCodeBetween(Parse*,Expr*,int,void(*)(Parse*,Expr*,int,int),int);
static int exprCodeVector(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, int *piToFree);

/*
** Return the affinity character for a single column of a table.
*/
char sqlite3TableColumnAffinity(Table *pTab, int iCol){
  assert( iCol<pTab->nCol );
  return iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity : SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
}

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
** If pExpr is a column, a reference to a column via an 'AS' alias,
** or a sub-select with a column as the return value, then the 
** affinity of that column is returned. Otherwise, 0x00 is returned,
................................................................................
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_Generic ) return 0;
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN ){
    return sqlite3TableColumnAffinity(pExpr->pTab, pExpr->iColumn);
  }
  if( op==TK_SELECT_COLUMN ){
    assert( pExpr->pLeft->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(
        pExpr->pLeft->x.pSelect->pEList->a[pExpr->iColumn].pExpr
    );

  }
  return pExpr->affinity;
}

/*
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to a new Expr node that
................................................................................
          pExpr->op==TK_NE || pExpr->op==TK_IS || pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( NEVER(aff==0) ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
................................................................................
  p4 = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pLeft, pRight);
  p5 = binaryCompareP5(pLeft, pRight, jumpIfNull);
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(pParse->pVdbe, opcode, in2, dest, in1,
                           (void*)p4, P4_COLLSEQ);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(pParse->pVdbe, (u8)p5);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Return true if expression pExpr is a vector, or false otherwise.
**
** A vector is defined as any expression that results in two or more
** columns of result.  Every TK_VECTOR node is an vector because the
** parser will not generate a TK_VECTOR with fewer than two entries.
** But a TK_SELECT might be either a vector or a scalar. It is only
** considered a vector if it has two or more result columns.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsVector(Expr *pExpr){
  return sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr)>1;
}

/*
** If the expression passed as the only argument is of type TK_VECTOR 
** return the number of expressions in the vector. Or, if the expression
** is a sub-select, return the number of columns in the sub-select. For
** any other type of expression, return 1.
*/
int sqlite3ExprVectorSize(Expr *pExpr){
  u8 op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
  if( op==TK_VECTOR ){
    return pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
  }else if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    return pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Return a pointer to a subexpression of pVector that is the i-th
** column of the vector (numbered starting with 0).  The caller must
** ensure that i is within range.
**
** If pVector is really a scalar (and "scalar" here includes subqueries
** that return a single column!) then return pVector unmodified.
**
** pVector retains ownership of the returned subexpression.
**
** If the vector is a (SELECT ...) then the expression returned is
** just the expression for the i-th term of the result set, and may
** not be ready for evaluation because the table cursor has not yet
** been positioned.
*/
Expr *sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(Expr *pVector, int i){
  assert( i<sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pVector) );
  if( sqlite3ExprIsVector(pVector) ){
    assert( pVector->op2==0 || pVector->op==TK_REGISTER );
    if( pVector->op==TK_SELECT || pVector->op2==TK_SELECT ){
      return pVector->x.pSelect->pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    }else{
      return pVector->x.pList->a[i].pExpr;
    }
  }
  return pVector;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Compute and return a new Expr object which when passed to
** sqlite3ExprCode() will generate all necessary code to compute
** the iField-th column of the vector expression pVector.
**
** It is ok for pVector to be a scalar (as long as iField==0).  
** In that case, this routine works like sqlite3ExprDup().
**
** The caller owns the returned Expr object and is responsible for
** ensuring that the returned value eventually gets freed.
**
** The caller retains ownership of pVector.  If pVector is a TK_SELECT,
** then the returned object will reference pVector and so pVector must remain
** valid for the life of the returned object.  If pVector is a TK_VECTOR
** or a scalar expression, then it can be deleted as soon as this routine
** returns.
**
** A trick to cause a TK_SELECT pVector to be deleted together with
** the returned Expr object is to attach the pVector to the pRight field
** of the returned TK_SELECT_COLUMN Expr object.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprForVectorField(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pVector,       /* The vector.  List of expressions or a sub-SELECT */
  int iField           /* Which column of the vector to return */
){
  Expr *pRet;
  if( pVector->op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pVector->flags & EP_xIsSelect );
    /* The TK_SELECT_COLUMN Expr node:
    **
    ** pLeft:           pVector containing TK_SELECT.  Not deleted.
    ** pRight:          not used.  But recursively deleted.
    ** iColumn:         Index of a column in pVector
    ** iTable:          0 or the number of columns on the LHS of an assignment
    ** pLeft->iTable:   First in an array of register holding result, or 0
    **                  if the result is not yet computed.
    **
    ** sqlite3ExprDelete() specifically skips the recursive delete of
    ** pLeft on TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes.  But pRight is followed, so pVector
    ** can be attached to pRight to cause this node to take ownership of
    ** pVector.  Typically there will be multiple TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes
    ** with the same pLeft pointer to the pVector, but only one of them
    ** will own the pVector.
    */
    pRet = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pRet ){
      pRet->iColumn = iField;
      pRet->pLeft = pVector;
    }
    assert( pRet==0 || pRet->iTable==0 );
  }else{
    if( pVector->op==TK_VECTOR ) pVector = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
    pRet = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pVector, 0);
  }
  return pRet;
}
#endif /* !define(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */

/*
** If expression pExpr is of type TK_SELECT, generate code to evaluate
** it. Return the register in which the result is stored (or, if the 
** sub-select returns more than one column, the first in an array
** of registers in which the result is stored).
**
** If pExpr is not a TK_SELECT expression, return 0.
*/
static int exprCodeSubselect(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  int reg = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
    reg = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pExpr, 0, 0);
  }
#endif
  return reg;
}

/*
** Argument pVector points to a vector expression - either a TK_VECTOR
** or TK_SELECT that returns more than one column. This function returns
** the register number of a register that contains the value of
** element iField of the vector.
**
** If pVector is a TK_SELECT expression, then code for it must have 
** already been generated using the exprCodeSubselect() routine. In this
** case parameter regSelect should be the first in an array of registers
** containing the results of the sub-select. 
**
** If pVector is of type TK_VECTOR, then code for the requested field
** is generated. In this case (*pRegFree) may be set to the number of
** a temporary register to be freed by the caller before returning.
**
** Before returning, output parameter (*ppExpr) is set to point to the
** Expr object corresponding to element iElem of the vector.
*/
static int exprVectorRegister(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Expr *pVector,                  /* Vector to extract element from */
  int iField,                     /* Field to extract from pVector */
  int regSelect,                  /* First in array of registers */
  Expr **ppExpr,                  /* OUT: Expression element */
  int *pRegFree                   /* OUT: Temp register to free */
){
  u8 op = pVector->op;
  assert( op==TK_VECTOR || op==TK_REGISTER || op==TK_SELECT );
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ){
    *ppExpr = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pVector, iField);
    return pVector->iTable+iField;
  }
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    *ppExpr = pVector->x.pSelect->pEList->a[iField].pExpr;
     return regSelect+iField;
  }
  *ppExpr = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
  return sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, *ppExpr, pRegFree);
}

/*
** Expression pExpr is a comparison between two vector values. Compute
** the result of the comparison (1, 0, or NULL) and write that
** result into register dest.
**
** The caller must satisfy the following preconditions:
**
**    if pExpr->op==TK_IS:      op==TK_EQ and p5==SQLITE_NULLEQ
**    if pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT:   op==TK_NE and p5==SQLITE_NULLEQ
**    otherwise:                op==pExpr->op and p5==0
*/
static void codeVectorCompare(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Code generator context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The comparison operation */
  int dest,             /* Write results into this register */
  u8 op,                /* Comparison operator */
  u8 p5                 /* SQLITE_NULLEQ or zero */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
  Expr *pRight = pExpr->pRight;
  int nLeft = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pLeft);
  int i;
  int regLeft = 0;
  int regRight = 0;
  u8 opx = op;
  int addrDone = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  if( nLeft!=sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pRight) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "row value misused");
    return;
  }
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_EQ || pExpr->op==TK_NE 
       || pExpr->op==TK_IS || pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT 
       || pExpr->op==TK_LT || pExpr->op==TK_GT 
       || pExpr->op==TK_LE || pExpr->op==TK_GE 
  );
  assert( pExpr->op==op || (pExpr->op==TK_IS && op==TK_EQ)
            || (pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT && op==TK_NE) );
  assert( p5==0 || pExpr->op!=op );
  assert( p5==SQLITE_NULLEQ || pExpr->op==op );

  p5 |= SQLITE_STOREP2;
  if( opx==TK_LE ) opx = TK_LT;
  if( opx==TK_GE ) opx = TK_GT;

  regLeft = exprCodeSubselect(pParse, pLeft);
  regRight = exprCodeSubselect(pParse, pRight);

  for(i=0; 1 /*Loop exits by "break"*/; i++){
    int regFree1 = 0, regFree2 = 0;
    Expr *pL, *pR; 
    int r1, r2;
    assert( i>=0 && i<nLeft );
    if( i>0 ) sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    r1 = exprVectorRegister(pParse, pLeft, i, regLeft, &pL, &regFree1);
    r2 = exprVectorRegister(pParse, pRight, i, regRight, &pR, &regFree2);
    codeCompare(pParse, pL, pR, opx, r1, r2, dest, p5);
    testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
    testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
    testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
    testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
    testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
    testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
    if( i>0 ) sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
    if( i==nLeft-1 ){
      break;
    }
    if( opx==TK_EQ ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNot, dest, addrDone); VdbeCoverage(v);
      p5 |= SQLITE_KEEPNULL;
    }else if( opx==TK_NE ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, dest, addrDone); VdbeCoverage(v);
      p5 |= SQLITE_KEEPNULL;
    }else{
      assert( op==TK_LT || op==TK_GT || op==TK_LE || op==TK_GE );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ElseNotEq, 0, addrDone);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_LT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_GT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_LE);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_GE);
      if( i==nLeft-2 ) opx = op;
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrDone);
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
/*
** Check that argument nHeight is less than or equal to the maximum
** expression depth allowed. If it is not, leave an error message in
** pParse.
*/
................................................................................
** Special case:  If op==TK_INTEGER and pToken points to a string that
** can be translated into a 32-bit integer, then the token is not
** stored in u.zToken.  Instead, the integer values is written
** into u.iValue and the EP_IntValue flag is set.  No extra storage
** is allocated to hold the integer text and the dequote flag is ignored.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Handle for sqlite3DbMallocRawNN() */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  const Token *pToken,    /* Token argument.  Might be NULL */
  int dequote             /* True to dequote */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nExtra = 0;
  int iValue = 0;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight            /* Right operand */

){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(Expr));
    if( p ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(Expr));
      p->op = op & TKFLG_MASK;
      p->iAgg = -1;
    }
    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
** in the original SQL statement.  
**
** Wildcards consisting of a single "?" are assigned the next sequential
** variable number.
**
** Wildcards of the form "?nnn" are assigned the number "nnn".  We make
** sure "nnn" is not too big to avoid a denial of service attack when
** the SQL statement comes from an external source.
**
** Wildcards of the form ":aaa", "@aaa", or "$aaa" are assigned the same number
** as the previous instance of the same wildcard.  Or if this is the first
** instance of the wildcard, the next sequential variable number is
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, u32 n){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;
  ynVar x;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  assert( n==sqlite3Strlen30(z) );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    x = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
  }else{
    int doAdd = 0;

    if( z[0]=='?' ){
      /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
      ** use it as the variable number */
      i64 i;
      int bOk = 0==sqlite3Atoi64(&z[1], &i, n-1, SQLITE_UTF8);
      x = (ynVar)i;
      testcase( i==0 );
      testcase( i==1 );
      testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
      testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
      if( bOk==0 || i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
            db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);

        return;
      }
      if( x>pParse->nVar ){
        pParse->nVar = (int)x;
        doAdd = 1;
      }else if( sqlite3VListNumToName(pParse->pVList, x)==0 ){
        doAdd = 1;
      }
    }else{
      /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
      ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
      ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
      */
      x = (ynVar)sqlite3VListNameToNum(pParse->pVList, z, n);












      if( x==0 ){





        x = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
        doAdd = 1;
      }



    }
    if( doAdd ){
      pParse->pVList = sqlite3VListAdd(db, pParse->pVList, z, n, x);
    }
  }
  pExpr->iColumn = x;
  if( x>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many SQL variables");
  }
}

/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void sqlite3ExprDeleteNN(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  assert( p!=0 );
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Leaf) && !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    assert( p->pLeft==0 );
    assert( p->pRight==0 );
    assert( p->x.pSelect==0 );
  }
#endif
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, (EP_TokenOnly|EP_Leaf)) ){
    /* The Expr.x union is never used at the same time as Expr.pRight */
    assert( p->x.pList==0 || p->pRight==0 );

    if( p->pLeft && p->op!=TK_SELECT_COLUMN ) sqlite3ExprDeleteNN(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);

    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p ) sqlite3ExprDeleteNN(db, p);
}
................................................................................
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */
  assert( EXPR_FULLSIZE<=0xfff );
  assert( (0xfff & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
  if( 0==flags || p->op==TK_SELECT_COLUMN ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_NoReduce) );
    if( p->pLeft || p->x.pList ){
................................................................................

    /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
    if( nToken ){
      char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
      memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
    }

    if( 0==((p->flags|pNew->flags) & (EP_TokenOnly|EP_Leaf)) ){
      /* Fill in the pNew->x.pSelect or pNew->x.pList member. */
      if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, dupFlags);
      }else{
        pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, dupFlags);
      }
    }

    /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
    if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
      zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, dupFlags);
      if( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Leaf) ){
        pNew->pLeft = p->pLeft ?
                      exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc) : 0;
        pNew->pRight = p->pRight ?
                       exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc) : 0;
      }
      if( pzBuffer ){
        *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
      }
    }else{
      if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Leaf) ){
        if( pNew->op==TK_SELECT_COLUMN ){
          pNew->pLeft = p->pLeft;
          assert( p->iColumn==0 || p->pRight==0 );
          assert( p->pRight==0  || p->pRight==p->pLeft );
        }else{
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
        }
        pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

................................................................................
  assert( flags==0 || flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE );
  return p ? exprDup(db, p, flags, 0) : 0;
}
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  Expr *pPriorSelectCol = 0;
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->nExpr = i = p->nExpr;
  if( (flags & EXPRDUP_REDUCE)==0 ) for(i=1; i<p->nExpr; i+=i){}
  pNew->a = pItem = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db,  i*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
................................................................................
  if( pItem==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    return 0;
  } 
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    if( pOldExpr 
     && pOldExpr->op==TK_SELECT_COLUMN
     && (pNewExpr = pItem->pExpr)!=0 
    ){
      assert( pNewExpr->iColumn==0 || i>0 );
      if( pNewExpr->iColumn==0 ){
        assert( pOldExpr->pLeft==pOldExpr->pRight );
        pPriorSelectCol = pNewExpr->pLeft = pNewExpr->pRight;
      }else{
        assert( i>0 );
        assert( pItem[-1].pExpr!=0 );
        assert( pNewExpr->iColumn==pItem[-1].pExpr->iColumn+1 );
        assert( pPriorSelectCol==pItem[-1].pExpr->pLeft );
        pNewExpr->pLeft = pPriorSelectCol;
      }
    }
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->bSpanIsTab = pOldItem->bSpanIsTab;
    pItem->u = pOldItem->u;
  }
................................................................................
    pNewItem->pIBIndex = pOldItem->pIBIndex;
    if( pNewItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
      pNewItem->u1.pFuncArg = 
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pOldItem->u1.pFuncArg, flags);
    }
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nTabRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
    pNewItem->pOn = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldItem->pOn, flags);
    pNewItem->pUsing = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pOldItem->pUsing);
    pNewItem->colUsed = pOldItem->colUsed;
  }
  return pNew;
................................................................................

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}

/*
** pColumns and pExpr form a vector assignment which is part of the SET
** clause of an UPDATE statement.  Like this:
**
**        (a,b,c) = (expr1,expr2,expr3)
** Or:    (a,b,c) = (SELECT x,y,z FROM ....)
**
** For each term of the vector assignment, append new entries to the
** expression list pList.  In the case of a subquery on the RHS, append
** TK_SELECT_COLUMN expressions.
*/
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,       /* List to which to append. Might be NULL */
  IdList *pColumns,      /* List of names of LHS of the assignment */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Vector expression to be appended. Might be NULL */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int n;
  int i;
  int iFirst = pList ? pList->nExpr : 0;
  /* pColumns can only be NULL due to an OOM but an OOM will cause an
  ** exit prior to this routine being invoked */
  if( NEVER(pColumns==0) ) goto vector_append_error;
  if( pExpr==0 ) goto vector_append_error;

  /* If the RHS is a vector, then we can immediately check to see that 
  ** the size of the RHS and LHS match.  But if the RHS is a SELECT, 
  ** wildcards ("*") in the result set of the SELECT must be expanded before
  ** we can do the size check, so defer the size check until code generation.
  */
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_SELECT && pColumns->nId!=(n=sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr)) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d columns assigned %d values",
                    pColumns->nId, n);
    goto vector_append_error;
  }

  for(i=0; i<pColumns->nId; i++){
    Expr *pSubExpr = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr, i);
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pList, pSubExpr);
    if( pList ){
      assert( pList->nExpr==iFirst+i+1 );
      pList->a[pList->nExpr-1].zName = pColumns->a[i].zName;
      pColumns->a[i].zName = 0;
    }
  }

  if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
    if( pList && pList->a[iFirst].pExpr ){
      Expr *pFirst = pList->a[iFirst].pExpr;
      assert( pFirst->op==TK_SELECT_COLUMN );
     
      /* Store the SELECT statement in pRight so it will be deleted when
      ** sqlite3ExprListDelete() is called */
      pFirst->pRight = pExpr;
      pExpr = 0;

      /* Remember the size of the LHS in iTable so that we can check that
      ** the RHS and LHS sizes match during code generation. */
      pFirst->iTable = pColumns->nId;
    }
  }

vector_append_error:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumns);
  return pList;
}

/*
** Set the sort order for the last element on the given ExprList.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListSetSortOrder(ExprList *p, int iSortOrder){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( SQLITE_SO_UNDEFINED<0 && SQLITE_SO_ASC>=0 && SQLITE_SO_DESC>0 );
................................................................................
** table, then return NULL.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
static Select *isCandidateForInOpt(Expr *pX){
  Select *p;
  SrcList *pSrc;
  ExprList *pEList;

  Table *pTab;
  int i;
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ) return 0;  /* Not a subquery */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_VarSelect)  ) return 0;  /* Correlated subq */
  p = pX->x.pSelect;
  if( p->pPrior ) return 0;              /* Not a compound SELECT */
  if( p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate) ){
    testcase( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
    testcase( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;          /* Single term in FROM clause */
  if( pSrc->a[0].pSelect ) return 0;     /* FROM is not a subquery or view */
  pTab = pSrc->a[0].pTab;
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );            /* FROM clause is not a view */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;        /* FROM clause not a virtual table */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  assert( pEList!=0 );
  /* All SELECT results must be columns. */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *pRes = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( pRes->op!=TK_COLUMN ) return 0;
    assert( pRes->iTable==pSrc->a[0].iCursor );  /* Not a correlated subquery */
  }
  return p;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */










#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Generate code that checks the left-most column of index table iCur to see if
** it contains any NULL entries.  Cause the register at regHasNull to be set
** to a non-NULL value if iCur contains no NULLs.  Cause register regHasNull
** to be set to NULL if iCur contains one or more NULL values.
*/
static void sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(Vdbe *v, int iCur, int regHasNull){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regHasNull);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, 0, regHasNull);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
  VdbeComment((v, "first_entry_in(%d)", iCur));
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** The argument is an IN operator with a list (not a subquery) on the 
** right-hand side.  Return TRUE if that list is constant.
*/
................................................................................
**                         populated epheremal table.
**   IN_INDEX_NOOP       - No cursor was allocated.  The IN operator must be
**                         implemented as a sequence of comparisons.
**
** An existing b-tree might be used if the RHS expression pX is a simple
** subquery such as:
**
**     SELECT <column1>, <column2>... FROM <table>
**
** If the RHS of the IN operator is a list or a more complex subquery, then
** an ephemeral table might need to be generated from the RHS and then
** pX->iTable made to point to the ephemeral table instead of an
** existing table.
**
** The inFlags parameter must contain exactly one of the bits
................................................................................
** IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP, then the generated table will be used for a
** fast membership test.  When the IN_INDEX_LOOP bit is set, the
** IN index will be used to loop over all values of the RHS of the
** IN operator.
**
** When IN_INDEX_LOOP is used (and the b-tree will be used to iterate
** through the set members) then the b-tree must not contain duplicates.
** An epheremal table must be used unless the selected columns are guaranteed
** to be unique - either because it is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or due to
** a UNIQUE constraint or index.
**
** When IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP is used (and the b-tree will be used 
** for fast set membership tests) then an epheremal table must 
** be used unless <columns> is a single INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column or an 
** index can be found with the specified <columns> as its left-most.
**
** If the IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK and IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP are both set and
** if the RHS of the IN operator is a list (not a subquery) then this
** routine might decide that creating an ephemeral b-tree for membership
** testing is too expensive and return IN_INDEX_NOOP.  In that case, the
** calling routine should implement the IN operator using a sequence
** of Eq or Ne comparison operations.
................................................................................
** to *prRhsHasNull. If there is no chance that the (...) contains a
** NULL value, then *prRhsHasNull is left unchanged.
**
** If a register is allocated and its location stored in *prRhsHasNull, then
** the value in that register will be NULL if the b-tree contains one or more
** NULL values, and it will be some non-NULL value if the b-tree contains no
** NULL values.
**
** If the aiMap parameter is not NULL, it must point to an array containing
** one element for each column returned by the SELECT statement on the RHS
** of the IN(...) operator. The i'th entry of the array is populated with the
** offset of the index column that matches the i'th column returned by the
** SELECT. For example, if the expression and selected index are:
**
**   (?,?,?) IN (SELECT a, b, c FROM t1)
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b, c, a);
**
** then aiMap[] is populated with {2, 0, 1}.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
int sqlite3FindInIndex(
  Parse *pParse,             /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pX,                  /* The right-hand side (RHS) of the IN operator */
  u32 inFlags,               /* IN_INDEX_LOOP, _MEMBERSHIP, and/or _NOOP_OK */
  int *prRhsHasNull,         /* Register holding NULL status.  See notes */
  int *aiMap                 /* Mapping from Index fields to RHS fields */
){
  Select *p;                            /* SELECT to the right of IN operator */
  int eType = 0;                        /* Type of RHS table. IN_INDEX_* */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;            /* Cursor of the RHS table */
  int mustBeUnique;                     /* True if RHS must be unique */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);     /* Virtual machine being coded */

  assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
  mustBeUnique = (inFlags & IN_INDEX_LOOP)!=0;

  /* If the RHS of this IN(...) operator is a SELECT, and if it matters 
  ** whether or not the SELECT result contains NULL values, check whether
  ** or not NULL is actually possible (it may not be, for example, due 
  ** to NOT NULL constraints in the schema). If no NULL values are possible,
  ** set prRhsHasNull to 0 before continuing.  */
  if( prRhsHasNull && (pX->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ){
    int i;
    ExprList *pEList = pX->x.pSelect->pEList;
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pEList->a[i].pExpr) ) break;
    }
    if( i==pEList->nExpr ){
      prRhsHasNull = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.  */

  if( pParse->nErr==0 && (p = isCandidateForInOpt(pX))!=0 ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */
    Table *pTab;                           /* Table <table>. */


    i16 iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */
    ExprList *pEList = p->pEList;
    int nExpr = pEList->nExpr;

    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;



    /* Code an OP_Transaction and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    assert(v);  /* sqlite3GetVdbe() has always been previously called */
    if( nExpr==1 && pEList->a[0].pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      /* The "x IN (SELECT rowid FROM table)" case */



      int iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
    }else{
      Index *pIdx;                         /* Iterator variable */
      int affinity_ok = 1;
      int i;






      /* Check that the affinity that will be used to perform each 
      ** comparison is the same as the affinity of each column in table
      ** on the RHS of the IN operator.  If it not, it is not possible to

      ** use any index of the RHS table.  */
      for(i=0; i<nExpr && affinity_ok; i++){
        Expr *pLhs = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pX->pLeft, i);
        int iCol = pEList->a[i].pExpr->iColumn;
        char idxaff = sqlite3TableColumnAffinity(pTab,iCol); /* RHS table */
        char cmpaff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pLhs, idxaff);
        testcase( cmpaff==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
        testcase( cmpaff==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
        switch( cmpaff ){
          case SQLITE_AFF_BLOB:
            break;
          case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
            /* sqlite3CompareAffinity() only returns TEXT if one side or the
            ** other has no affinity and the other side is TEXT.  Hence,
            ** the only way for cmpaff to be TEXT is for idxaff to be TEXT
            ** and for the term on the LHS of the IN to have no affinity. */
            assert( idxaff==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
            break;
          default:
            affinity_ok = sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(idxaff);
        }
      }

      if( affinity_ok ){
        /* Search for an existing index that will work for this IN operator */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){



          Bitmask colUsed;      /* Columns of the index used */
          Bitmask mCol;         /* Mask for the current column */
          if( pIdx->nColumn<nExpr ) continue;
          /* Maximum nColumn is BMS-2, not BMS-1, so that we can compute
          ** BITMASK(nExpr) without overflowing */
          testcase( pIdx->nColumn==BMS-2 );
          testcase( pIdx->nColumn==BMS-1 );
          if( pIdx->nColumn>=BMS-1 ) continue;
          if( mustBeUnique ){
            if( pIdx->nKeyCol>nExpr
             ||(pIdx->nColumn>nExpr && !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx))
            ){

              continue;  /* This index is not unique over the IN RHS columns */
            }
          }
  
          colUsed = 0;   /* Columns of index used so far */
          for(i=0; i<nExpr; i++){
            Expr *pLhs = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pX->pLeft, i);
            Expr *pRhs = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
            CollSeq *pReq = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pLhs, pRhs);
            int j;
  
            assert( pReq!=0 || pRhs->iColumn==XN_ROWID || pParse->nErr );
            for(j=0; j<nExpr; j++){
              if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=pRhs->iColumn ) continue;
              assert( pIdx->azColl[j] );
              if( pReq!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(pReq->zName, pIdx->azColl[j])!=0 ){
                continue;
              }
              break;
            }
            if( j==nExpr ) break;
            mCol = MASKBIT(j);
            if( mCol & colUsed ) break; /* Each column used only once */
            colUsed |= mCol;
            if( aiMap ) aiMap[i] = j;
          }
  
          assert( i==nExpr || colUsed!=(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) );
          if( colUsed==(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) ){
            /* If we reach this point, that means the index pIdx is usable */
            int iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, 0, 0, 0,
              sqlite3MPrintf(db, "USING INDEX %s FOR IN-OPERATOR",pIdx->zName),
              P4_DYNAMIC);
#endif
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
            assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
            eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];
  
            if( prRhsHasNull ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK

              i64 mask = (1<<nExpr)-1;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_ColumnsUsed, 
                  iTab, 0, 0, (u8*)&mask, P4_INT64);
#endif
              *prRhsHasNull = ++pParse->nMem;
              if( nExpr==1 ){
                sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(v, iTab, *prRhsHasNull);
              }
            }
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
          }



        } /* End loop over indexes */
      } /* End if( affinity_ok ) */
    } /* End if not an rowid index */
  } /* End attempt to optimize using an index */

  /* If no preexisting index is available for the IN clause
  ** and IN_INDEX_NOOP is an allowed reply
  ** and the RHS of the IN operator is a list, not a subquery
  ** and the RHS is not constant or has two or fewer terms,
  ** then it is not worth creating an ephemeral table to evaluate
  ** the IN operator so return IN_INDEX_NOOP.
................................................................................
  if( eType==0
   && (inFlags & IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK)
   && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect)
   && (!sqlite3InRhsIsConstant(pX) || pX->x.pList->nExpr<=2)
  ){
    eType = IN_INDEX_NOOP;
  }


  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not find an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
    ** We will have to generate an ephemeral table to do the job.
    */
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
................................................................................
      *prRhsHasNull = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
  }

  if( aiMap && eType!=IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC && eType!=IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
    int i, n;
    n = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pX->pLeft);
    for(i=0; i<n; i++) aiMap[i] = i;
  }
  return eType;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Argument pExpr is an (?, ?...) IN(...) expression. This 
** function allocates and returns a nul-terminated string containing 
** the affinities to be used for each column of the comparison.
**
** It is the responsibility of the caller to ensure that the returned
** string is eventually freed using sqlite3DbFree().
*/
static char *exprINAffinity(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
  int nVal = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pLeft);
  Select *pSelect = (pExpr->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ? pExpr->x.pSelect : 0;
  char *zRet;

  assert( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
  zRet = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, nVal+1);
  if( zRet ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<nVal; i++){
      Expr *pA = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pLeft, i);
      char a = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pA);
      if( pSelect ){
        zRet[i] = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pSelect->pEList->a[i].pExpr, a);
      }else{
        zRet[i] = a;
      }
    }
    zRet[nVal] = '\0';
  }
  return zRet;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Load the Parse object passed as the first argument with an error 
** message of the form:
**
**   "sub-select returns N columns - expected M"
*/   
void sqlite3SubselectError(Parse *pParse, int nActual, int nExpect){
  const char *zFmt = "sub-select returns %d columns - expected %d";
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, zFmt, nActual, nExpect);
}
#endif

/*
** Expression pExpr is a vector that has been used in a context where
** it is not permitted. If pExpr is a sub-select vector, this routine 
** loads the Parse object with a message of the form:
**
**   "sub-select returns N columns - expected 1"
**
** Or, if it is a regular scalar vector:
**
**   "row value misused"
*/   
void sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_xIsSelect ){
    sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr, 1);
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "row value misused");
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for scalar subqueries used as a subquery expression, EXISTS,
** or IN operators.  Examples:
**
**     (SELECT a FROM b)          -- subquery
**     EXISTS (SELECT a FROM b)   -- EXISTS subquery
................................................................................
** If rMayHaveNull is non-zero, that means that the operation is an IN
** (not a SELECT or EXISTS) and that the RHS might contains NULLs.
** All this routine does is initialize the register given by rMayHaveNull
** to NULL.  Calling routines will take care of changing this register
** value to non-NULL if the RHS is NULL-free.
**
** For a SELECT or EXISTS operator, return the register that holds the
** result.  For a multi-column SELECT, the result is stored in a contiguous
** array of registers and the return value is the register of the left-most
** result column.  Return 0 for IN operators or if an error occurs.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,            /* The IN, SELECT, or EXISTS operator */
  int rHasNullFlag,       /* Register that records whether NULLs exist in RHS */
  int isRowid             /* If true, LHS of IN operator is a rowid */
................................................................................
){
  int jmpIfDynamic = -1;                      /* One-time test address */
  int rReg = 0;                           /* Register storing resulting */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( NEVER(v==0) ) return 0;
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);

  /* The evaluation of the IN/EXISTS/SELECT must be repeated every time it
  ** is encountered if any of the following is true:
  **
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    jmpIfDynamic = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d",
        jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR",
................................................................................
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {

      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */
      int nVal;                   /* Size of vector pLeft */
      
      nVal = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pLeft);
      assert( !isRowid || nVal==1 );

      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way.  An ephemeral table is 
      ** filled with index keys representing the results from the 
      ** SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
      ** If the 'x' expression is a column value, or the SELECT...
      ** statement returns a column value, then the affinity of that
      ** column is used to build the index keys. If both 'x' and the
      ** SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity is used
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, 
          pExpr->iTable, (isRowid?0:nVal));
      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nVal, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
        Select *pSelect = pExpr->x.pSelect;

        ExprList *pEList = pSelect->pEList;

        assert( !isRowid );
        /* If the LHS and RHS of the IN operator do not match, that
        ** error will have been caught long before we reach this point. */
        if( ALWAYS(pEList->nExpr==nVal) ){
          SelectDest dest;
          int i;
          sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);

          dest.zAffSdst = exprINAffinity(pParse, pExpr);
          assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
          pSelect->iLimit = 0;
          testcase( pSelect->selFlags & SF_Distinct );
          testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
          if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest) ){
            sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, dest.zAffSdst);
            sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
            return 0;
          }

          sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, dest.zAffSdst);
          assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
          assert( pEList!=0 );
          assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          for(i=0; i<nVal; i++){
            Expr *p = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pLeft, i);
            pKeyInfo->aColl[i] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(
                pParse, p, pEList->a[i].pExpr
            );
          }
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
        /* Case 2:     expr IN (exprlist)
        **
        ** For each expression, build an index key from the evaluation and
        ** store it in the temporary table. If <expr> is a column, then use
        ** that columns affinity when building index keys. If <expr> is not
        ** a column, use numeric affinity.
        */
        char affinity;            /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);
        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }
................................................................................
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r3,
                                sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pExpr->iTable, r2, r3);
            }else{
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, r3, 1, r2, &affinity, 1);
              sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r3, 1);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, pExpr->iTable, r2, r3, 1);
            }
          }
        }
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
      if( pKeyInfo ){
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT:
    default: {
      /* Case 3:    (SELECT ... FROM ...)
      **     or:    EXISTS(SELECT ... FROM ...)
      **
      ** For a SELECT, generate code to put the values for all columns of
      ** the first row into an array of registers and return the index of
      ** the first register.
      **
      ** If this is an EXISTS, write an integer 0 (not exists) or 1 (exists)

      ** into a register and return that register number.
      **
      ** In both cases, the query is augmented with "LIMIT 1".  Any 
      ** preexisting limit is discarded in place of the new LIMIT 1.
      */
      Select *pSel;                         /* SELECT statement to encode */
      SelectDest dest;                      /* How to deal with SELECT result */
      int nReg;                             /* Registers to allocate */

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS || pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );

      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      nReg = pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ? pSel->pEList->nExpr : 1;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, pParse->nMem+1);
      pParse->nMem += nReg;
      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
        dest.eDest = SRT_Mem;
        dest.iSdst = dest.iSDParm;
        dest.nSdst = nReg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, dest.iSDParm, dest.iSDParm+nReg-1);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init subquery result"));
      }else{
        dest.eDest = SRT_Exists;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, dest.iSDParm);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init EXISTS result"));
      }
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pSel->pLimit);
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1], 0);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      pSel->selFlags &= ~SF_MultiValue;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmpIfDynamic);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Expr pIn is an IN(...) expression. This function checks that the 
** sub-select on the RHS of the IN() operator has the same number of 
** columns as the vector on the LHS. Or, if the RHS of the IN() is not 
** a sub-query, that the LHS is a vector of size 1.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCheckIN(Parse *pParse, Expr *pIn){
  int nVector = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pIn->pLeft);
  if( (pIn->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ){
    if( nVector!=pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr, nVector);
      return 1;
    }
  }else if( nVector!=1 ){
    sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(pParse, pIn->pLeft);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** Generate code for an IN expression.
**
**      x IN (SELECT ...)
**      x IN (value, value, ...)
**
** The left-hand side (LHS) is a scalar or vector expression.  The 
** right-hand side (RHS) is an array of zero or more scalar values, or a
** subquery.  If the RHS is a subquery, the number of result columns must
** match the number of columns in the vector on the LHS.  If the RHS is
** a list of values, the LHS must be a scalar. 
**
** The IN operator is true if the LHS value is contained within the RHS.
** The result is false if the LHS is definitely not in the RHS.  The 
** result is NULL if the presence of the LHS in the RHS cannot be 
** determined due to NULLs.
**
** This routine generates code that jumps to destIfFalse if the LHS is not 
** contained within the RHS.  If due to NULLs we cannot determine if the LHS
** is contained in the RHS then jump to destIfNull.  If the LHS is contained
** within the RHS then fall through.
**
** See the separate in-operator.md documentation file in the canonical
** SQLite source tree for additional information.
*/
static void sqlite3ExprCodeIN(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The IN expression */
  int destIfFalse,      /* Jump here if LHS is not contained in the RHS */
  int destIfNull        /* Jump here if the results are unknown due to NULLs */
){
  int rRhsHasNull = 0;  /* Register that is true if RHS contains NULL values */

  int eType;            /* Type of the RHS */
  int rLhs;             /* Register(s) holding the LHS values */
  int rLhsOrig;         /* LHS values prior to reordering by aiMap[] */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Statement under construction */
  int *aiMap = 0;       /* Map from vector field to index column */
  char *zAff = 0;       /* Affinity string for comparisons */
  int nVector;          /* Size of vectors for this IN operator */
  int iDummy;           /* Dummy parameter to exprCodeVector() */
  Expr *pLeft;          /* The LHS of the IN operator */
  int i;                /* loop counter */
  int destStep2;        /* Where to jump when NULLs seen in step 2 */
  int destStep6 = 0;    /* Start of code for Step 6 */
  int addrTruthOp;      /* Address of opcode that determines the IN is true */
  int destNotNull;      /* Jump here if a comparison is not true in step 6 */
  int addrTop;          /* Top of the step-6 loop */ 


  pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
  if( sqlite3ExprCheckIN(pParse, pExpr) ) return;
  zAff = exprINAffinity(pParse, pExpr);
  nVector = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pLeft);
  aiMap = (int*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(
      pParse->db, nVector*(sizeof(int) + sizeof(char)) + 1
  );
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) goto sqlite3ExprCodeIN_oom_error;

  /* Attempt to compute the RHS. After this step, if anything other than
  ** IN_INDEX_NOOP is returned, the table opened ith cursor pExpr->iTable 
  ** contains the values that make up the RHS. If IN_INDEX_NOOP is returned,

  ** the RHS has not yet been coded.  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* OOM detected prior to this routine */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin IN expr"));
  eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pExpr,
                             IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP | IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK,
                             destIfFalse==destIfNull ? 0 : &rRhsHasNull, aiMap);

  assert( pParse->nErr || nVector==1 || eType==IN_INDEX_EPH
       || eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC || eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC 


  );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Confirm that aiMap[] contains nVector integer values between 0 and
  ** nVector-1. */
  for(i=0; i<nVector; i++){
    int j, cnt;
    for(cnt=j=0; j<nVector; j++) if( aiMap[j]==i ) cnt++;
    assert( cnt==1 );
  }
#endif

  /* Code the LHS, the <expr> from "<expr> IN (...)". If the LHS is a 
  ** vector, then it is stored in an array of nVector registers starting 
  ** at r1.
  **
  ** sqlite3FindInIndex() might have reordered the fields of the LHS vector
  ** so that the fields are in the same order as an existing index.   The
  ** aiMap[] array contains a mapping from the original LHS field order to
  ** the field order that matches the RHS index.
  */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  rLhsOrig = exprCodeVector(pParse, pLeft, &iDummy);
  for(i=0; i<nVector && aiMap[i]==i; i++){} /* Are LHS fields reordered? */
  if( i==nVector ){
    /* LHS fields are not reordered */
    rLhs = rLhsOrig;
  }else{
    /* Need to reorder the LHS fields according to aiMap */
    rLhs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nVector);

    for(i=0; i<nVector; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, rLhsOrig+i, rLhs+aiMap[i], 0);
    }
  }

  /* If sqlite3FindInIndex() did not find or create an index that is
  ** suitable for evaluating the IN operator, then evaluate using a
  ** sequence of comparisons.
  **
  ** This is step (1) in the in-operator.md optimized algorithm.
  */
  if( eType==IN_INDEX_NOOP ){
    ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
    CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
    int labelOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int r2, regToFree;
    int regCkNull = 0;
    int ii;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    if( destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
      regCkNull = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, rLhs, rLhs, regCkNull);
    }
    for(ii=0; ii<pList->nExpr; ii++){
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pList->a[ii].pExpr, &regToFree);
      if( regCkNull && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pList->a[ii].pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, regCkNull, r2, regCkNull);
      }
      if( ii<pList->nExpr-1 || destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Eq, rLhs, labelOk, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii<pList->nExpr-1);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii==pList->nExpr-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, zAff[0]);
      }else{
        assert( destIfNull==destIfFalse );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, rLhs, destIfFalse, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, zAff[0] | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regToFree);
    }
    if( regCkNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regCkNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regCkNull);
    goto sqlite3ExprCodeIN_finished;
  }


  /* Step 2: Check to see if the LHS contains any NULL columns.  If the
  ** LHS does contain NULLs then the result must be either FALSE or NULL.
  ** We will then skip the binary search of the RHS.
  */

  if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){

    destStep2 = destIfFalse;

  }else{

    destStep2 = destStep6 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nVector; i++){
    Expr *p = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pExpr->pLeft, i);
    if( sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(p) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, rLhs+i, destStep2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);


    }
  }

  /* Step 3.  The LHS is now known to be non-NULL.  Do the binary search
  ** of the RHS using the LHS as a probe.  If found, the result is
  ** true.
  */
  if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
    /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree and so we also

    ** know that the RHS is non-NULL.  Hence, we combine steps 3 and 4
    ** into a single opcode. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, rLhs);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTruthOp = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);  /* Return True */
  }else{


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, rLhs, nVector, 0, zAff, nVector);
    if( destIfFalse==destIfNull ){
      /* Combine Step 3 and Step 5 into a single opcode */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse,
                           rLhs, nVector); VdbeCoverage(v);
      goto sqlite3ExprCodeIN_finished;
    }





    /* Ordinary Step 3, for the case where FALSE and NULL are distinct */
    addrTruthOp = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0,
                                      rLhs, nVector); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* Step 4.  If the RHS is known to be non-NULL and we did not find
  ** an match on the search above, then the result must be FALSE.
  */

  if( rRhsHasNull && nVector==1 ){



    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, rRhsHasNull, destIfFalse);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* Step 5.  If we do not care about the difference between NULL and
  ** FALSE, then just return false. 
  */
  if( destIfFalse==destIfNull ) sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);

  /* Step 6: Loop through rows of the RHS.  Compare each row to the LHS.
  ** If any comparison is NULL, then the result is NULL.  If all
  ** comparisons are FALSE then the final result is FALSE.
  **


  ** For a scalar LHS, it is sufficient to check just the first row
  ** of the RHS.
  */
  if( destStep6 ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destStep6);
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
  VdbeCoverage(v);
  if( nVector>1 ){
    destNotNull = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  }else{





    /* For nVector==1, combine steps 6 and 7 by immediately returning
    ** FALSE if the first comparison is not NULL */
    destNotNull = destIfFalse;
  }







  for(i=0; i<nVector; i++){
    Expr *p;
    CollSeq *pColl;
    int r3 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    p = sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(pLeft, i);
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pExpr->iTable, i, r3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, rLhs+i, destNotNull, r3,
                      (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r3);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
  if( nVector>1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destNotNull);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pExpr->iTable, addrTop+1);
    VdbeCoverage(v);



    /* Step 7:  If we reach this point, we know that the result must
    ** be false. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
  }

  /* Jumps here in order to return true. */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTruthOp);

sqlite3ExprCodeIN_finished:
  if( rLhs!=rLhsOrig ) sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rLhs);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
sqlite3ExprCodeIN_oom_error:
  sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, aiMap);
  sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zAff);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==1 || (c==2 && !negFlag) || (negFlag && value==SMALLEST_INT64)){



#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s%s", negFlag?"-":"",z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif
    }else{
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }
  }
}


/*

** Erase column-cache entry number i
*/












static void cacheEntryClear(Parse *pParse, int i){
  if( pParse->aColCache[i].tempReg ){
    if( pParse->nTempReg<ArraySize(pParse->aTempReg) ){
      pParse->aTempReg[pParse->nTempReg++] = pParse->aColCache[i].iReg;
    }

  }

  pParse->nColCache--;

  if( i<pParse->nColCache ){
    pParse->aColCache[i] = pParse->aColCache[pParse->nColCache];
  }
}


/*
** Record in the column cache that a particular column from a
** particular table is stored in a particular register.
*/
................................................................................

  /* First replace any existing entry.
  **
  ** Actually, the way the column cache is currently used, we are guaranteed
  ** that the object will never already be in cache.  Verify this guarantee.
  */
#ifndef NDEBUG
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<pParse->nColCache; i++, p++){
    assert( p->iTable!=iTab || p->iColumn!=iCol );
  }
#endif

  /* If the cache is already full, delete the least recently used entry */








  if( pParse->nColCache>=SQLITE_N_COLCACHE ){






    minLru = 0x7fffffff;
    idxLru = -1;
    for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
      if( p->lru<minLru ){
        idxLru = i;
        minLru = p->lru;
      }
    }

    p = &pParse->aColCache[idxLru];
  }else{
    p = &pParse->aColCache[pParse->nColCache++];
  }

  /* Add the new entry to the end of the cache */
  p->iLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel;
  p->iTable = iTab;
  p->iColumn = iCol;
  p->iReg = iReg;
  p->tempReg = 0;
  p->lru = pParse->iCacheCnt++;



}

/*
** Indicate that registers between iReg..iReg+nReg-1 are being overwritten.
** Purge the range of registers from the column cache.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse *pParse, int iReg, int nReg){
  int i = 0;
  while( i<pParse->nColCache ){
    struct yColCache *p = &pParse->aColCache[i];

    if( p->iReg >= iReg && p->iReg < iReg+nReg ){
      cacheEntryClear(pParse, i);
    }else{

      i++;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Remember the current column cache context.  Any new entries added
** added to the column cache after this call are removed when the
** corresponding pop occurs.
................................................................................

/*
** Remove from the column cache any entries that were added since the
** the previous sqlite3ExprCachePush operation.  In other words, restore
** the cache to the state it was in prior the most recent Push.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse *pParse){
  int i = 0;

  assert( pParse->iCacheLevel>=1 );
  pParse->iCacheLevel--;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("POP  to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
  while( i<pParse->nColCache ){
    if( pParse->aColCache[i].iLevel>pParse->iCacheLevel ){
      cacheEntryClear(pParse, i);
    }else{
      i++;
    }
  }
}

/*
** When a cached column is reused, make sure that its register is
** no longer available as a temp register.  ticket #3879:  that same
** register might be in the cache in multiple places, so be sure to
** get them all.
*/
static void sqlite3ExprCachePinRegister(Parse *pParse, int iReg){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<pParse->nColCache; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg==iReg ){
      p->tempReg = 0;
    }
  }
}

/* Generate code that will load into register regOut a value that is
................................................................................
  int iReg,        /* Store results here */
  u8 p5            /* P5 value for OP_Column + FLAGS */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;

  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<pParse->nColCache; i++, p++){
    if( p->iTable==iTable && p->iColumn==iColumn ){
      p->lru = pParse->iCacheCnt++;
      sqlite3ExprCachePinRegister(pParse, p->iReg);
      return p->iReg;
    }
  }  
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTable, iColumn, iReg);
................................................................................


/*
** Clear all column cache entries.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse *pParse){
  int i;


#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("CLEAR\n");
  }
#endif
  for(i=0; i<pParse->nColCache; i++){
    if( pParse->aColCache[i].tempReg
     && pParse->nTempReg<ArraySize(pParse->aTempReg)
    ){
       pParse->aTempReg[pParse->nTempReg++] = pParse->aColCache[i].iReg;
    }
  }
  pParse->nColCache = 0;
}

/*
** Record the fact that an affinity change has occurred on iCount
** registers starting with iStart.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse *pParse, int iStart, int iCount){
................................................................................
**
** This routine is used within assert() and testcase() macros only
** and does not appear in a normal build.
*/
static int usedAsColumnCache(Parse *pParse, int iFrom, int iTo){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<pParse->nColCache; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */


/*
** Convert a scalar expression node to a TK_REGISTER referencing
** register iReg.  The caller must ensure that iReg already contains
** the correct value for the expression.
*/
static void exprToRegister(Expr *p, int iReg){
  p->op2 = p->op;
  p->op = TK_REGISTER;
  p->iTable = iReg;
  ExprClearProperty(p, EP_Skip);
}

/*
** Evaluate an expression (either a vector or a scalar expression) and store
** the result in continguous temporary registers.  Return the index of
** the first register used to store the result.
**
** If the returned result register is a temporary scalar, then also write
** that register number into *piFreeable.  If the returned result register
** is not a temporary or if the expression is a vector set *piFreeable
** to 0.
*/
static int exprCodeVector(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, int *piFreeable){
  int iResult;
  int nResult = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(p);
  if( nResult==1 ){
    iResult = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, p, piFreeable);
  }else{
    *piFreeable = 0;
    if( p->op==TK_SELECT ){
      iResult = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, p, 0, 0);
    }else{
      int i;
      iResult = pParse->nMem+1;
      pParse->nMem += nResult;
      for(i=0; i<nResult; i++){
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, p->x.pList->a[i].pExpr, i+iResult);
      }
    }
  }
  return iResult;
}


/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* The VM under construction */
  int op;                   /* The opcode being coded */
  int inReg = target;       /* Results stored in register inReg */
  int regFree1 = 0;         /* If non-zero free this temporary register */
  int regFree2 = 0;         /* If non-zero free this temporary register */
  int r1, r2;               /* Various register numbers */
  Expr tempX;               /* Temporary expression node */
  int p5 = 0;

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( v==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }

................................................................................
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      AggInfo *pAggInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      struct AggInfo_col *pCol = &pAggInfo->aCol[pExpr->iAgg];
      if( !pAggInfo->directMode ){
        assert( pCol->iMem>0 );
        return pCol->iMem;

      }else if( pAggInfo->useSortingIdx ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pAggInfo->sortingIdxPTab,
                              pCol->iSorterColumn, target);
        return target;
      }
      /* Otherwise, fall thru into the TK_COLUMN case */
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      int iTab = pExpr->iTable;
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->ckBase>0 ){
          /* Generating CHECK constraints or inserting into partial index */
          return pExpr->iColumn + pParse->ckBase;

        }else{
          /* Coding an expression that is part of an index where column names
          ** in the index refer to the table to which the index belongs */
          iTab = pParse->iSelfTab;
        }
      }
      return sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pExpr->pTab,
                               pExpr->iColumn, iTab, target,
                               pExpr->op2);

    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      codeInteger(pParse, pExpr, 0, target);
      return target;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      codeReal(v, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, target);
      return target;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, target, pExpr->u.zToken);
      return target;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      return target;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      int n;
      const char *z;
      char *zBlob;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
................................................................................
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
      z = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z) - 1;
      assert( z[n]=='\'' );
      zBlob = sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), z, n);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, n/2, target, 0, zBlob, P4_DYNAMIC);
      return target;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken!=0 );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iColumn, target);
      if( pExpr->u.zToken[1]!=0 ){
        const char *z = sqlite3VListNumToName(pParse->pVList, pExpr->iColumn);
        assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='?' || strcmp(pExpr->u.zToken, z)==0 );

        pParse->pVList[0] = 0; /* Indicate VList may no longer be enlarged */
        sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, (char*)z, P4_STATIC);
      }

      return target;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      return pExpr->iTable;

    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      if( inReg!=target ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
        inReg = target;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Cast, target,
                        sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0));
      testcase( usedAsColumnCache(pParse, inReg, inReg) );
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, inReg, 1);
      return inReg;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT:
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      p5 = SQLITE_NULLEQ;
      /* fall-through */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsVector(pLeft) ){
        codeVectorCompare(pParse, pExpr, target, op, p5);
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pLeft, &regFree1);
        r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
        codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
            r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2 | p5);
        assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
        assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
        assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
        assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
        assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
        assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        testcase( regFree2==0 );

      }













      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      assert( pLeft );
      if( pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        codeInteger(pParse, pLeft, 1, target);
        return target;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      }else if( pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
        codeReal(v, pLeft->u.zToken, 1, target);
        return target;
#endif
      }else{
        tempX.op = TK_INTEGER;
        tempX.flags = EP_IntValue|EP_TokenOnly;
        tempX.u.iValue = 0;
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &tempX, &regFree1);
        r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, r2, r1, target);
        testcase( regFree2==0 );
      }

      break;
    }
    case TK_BITNOT:
    case TK_NOT: {
      assert( TK_BITNOT==OP_BitNot );   testcase( op==TK_BITNOT );
      assert( TK_NOT==OP_Not );         testcase( op==TK_NOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, inReg);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int addr;
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate: %s()", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        return pInfo->aFunc[pExpr->iAgg].iMem;
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      int nFarg;             /* Number of function arguments */
      FuncDef *pDef;         /* The function definition object */
      const char *zId;       /* The function name */
      u32 constMask = 0;     /* Mask of function arguments that are constant */
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* The database connection */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      if( ConstFactorOk(pParse) && sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pExpr) ){
        /* SQL functions can be expensive. So try to move constant functions
        ** out of the inner loop, even if that means an extra OP_Copy. */
        return sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, -1);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        return sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);

      }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      /* The AFFINITY() function evaluates to a string that describes
      ** the type affinity of the argument.  This is used for testing of
      ** the SQLite type logic.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_AFFINITY ){
        const char *azAff[] = { "blob", "text", "numeric", "integer", "real" };
        char aff;
        assert( nFarg==1 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
        sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, target, 
                              aff ? azAff[aff-SQLITE_AFF_BLOB] : "none");
        return target;
      }
#endif

      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function0, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      return target;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT: {
      int nCol;
      testcase( op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( op==TK_SELECT );
      if( op==TK_SELECT && (nCol = pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr)!=1 ){
        sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, nCol, 1);
      }else{
        return sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pExpr, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT_COLUMN: {
      int n;
      if( pExpr->pLeft->iTable==0 ){
        pExpr->pLeft->iTable = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, 0, 0);
      }
      assert( pExpr->iTable==0 || pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_SELECT );
      if( pExpr->iTable
       && pExpr->iTable!=(n = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pLeft)) 
      ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d columns assigned %d values",
                                pExpr->iTable, n);
      }
      return pExpr->pLeft->iTable + pExpr->iColumn;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      return target;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
................................................................................
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, target, 0, 0);
      return target;





















    }
    case TK_SPAN:
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      return sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);

    }

    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
................................................................................
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
    }

    case TK_VECTOR: {
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "row value misused");
      break;
    }

    /*
    ** Form A:
    **   CASE x WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form B:
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
................................................................................
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        tempX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        exprToRegister(&tempX, exprCodeVector(pParse, &tempX, &regFree1));
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        memset(&opCompare, 0, sizeof(opCompare));
        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &tempX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
................................................................................
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      assert( pExpr->affinity==OE_Rollback 
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
  return inReg;
}

/*
** Factor out the code of the given expression to initialization time.
**
** If regDest>=0 then the result is always stored in that register and the
** result is not reusable.  If regDest<0 then this routine is free to 
** store the value whereever it wants.  The register where the expression 
** is stored is returned.  When regDest<0, two identical expressions will
** code to the same register.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,      /* The expression to code when the VDBE initializes */
  int regDest       /* Store the value in this register */

){
  ExprList *p;
  assert( ConstFactorOk(pParse) );
  p = pParse->pConstExpr;
  if( regDest<0 && p ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    int i;
    for(pItem=p->a, i=p->nExpr; i>0; pItem++, i--){
      if( pItem->reusable && sqlite3ExprCompare(pItem->pExpr,pExpr,-1)==0 ){
        return pItem->u.iConstExprReg;
      }
    }
  }
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pExpr, 0);
  p = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, p, pExpr);
  if( p ){
     struct ExprList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nExpr-1];
     pItem->reusable = regDest<0;
     if( regDest<0 ) regDest = ++pParse->nMem;
     pItem->u.iConstExprReg = regDest;

  }
  pParse->pConstExpr = p;
  return regDest;
}

/*
** Generate code to evaluate an expression and store the results
** into a register.  Return the register number where the results
** are stored.
**
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int *pReg){
  int r2;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( ConstFactorOk(pParse)
   && pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER
   && sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pExpr)
  ){


    *pReg  = 0;









    r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, -1);
  }else{
    int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    if( r2==r1 ){
      *pReg = r1;
    }else{
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
................................................................................
** Generate code that will evaluate expression pExpr and store the
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.  If the expression is constant, then this routine
** might choose to code the expression at initialization time.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  if( pParse->okConstFactor && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that evaluates the given expression and puts the result
................................................................................
  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;
    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_REF)!=0 && (j = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
      if( flags & SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF ){
        i--;
        n--;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, copyOp, j+srcReg-1, target+i);
      }
    }else if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR)!=0 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target+i);
    }else{
      int inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target+i);
      if( inReg!=target+i ){
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        if( copyOp==OP_Copy
         && (pOp=sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1))->opcode==OP_Copy
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3+1==inReg
................................................................................
**
** The above is equivalent to 
**
**    x>=y AND x<=z
**
** Code it as such, taking care to do the common subexpression
** elimination of x.
**
** The xJumpIf parameter determines details:
**
**    NULL:                   Store the boolean result in reg[dest]
**    sqlite3ExprIfTrue:      Jump to dest if true
**    sqlite3ExprIfFalse:     Jump to dest if false
**
** The jumpIfNull parameter is ignored if xJumpIf is NULL.
*/
static void exprCodeBetween(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,      /* The BETWEEN expression */
  int dest,         /* Jump destination or storage location */
  void (*xJump)(Parse*,Expr*,int,int), /* Action to take */
  int jumpIfNull    /* Take the jump if the BETWEEN is NULL */
){
 Expr exprAnd;     /* The AND operator in  x>=y AND x<=z  */
  Expr compLeft;    /* The  x>=y  term */
  Expr compRight;   /* The  x<=z  term */
  Expr exprX;       /* The  x  subexpression */
  int regFree1 = 0; /* Temporary use register */


  memset(&compLeft, 0, sizeof(Expr));
  memset(&compRight, 0, sizeof(Expr));
  memset(&exprAnd, 0, sizeof(Expr));

  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  exprX = *pExpr->pLeft;
  exprAnd.op = TK_AND;
  exprAnd.pLeft = &compLeft;
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, exprCodeVector(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));
  if( xJump ){
    xJump(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    /* Mark the expression is being from the ON or USING clause of a join
    ** so that the sqlite3ExprCodeTarget() routine will not attempt to move
    ** it into the Parse.pConstExpr list.  We should use a new bit for this,
    ** for clarity, but we are out of bits in the Expr.flags field so we
    ** have to reuse the EP_FromJoin bit.  Bummer. */
    exprX.flags |= EP_FromJoin;
    sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, &exprAnd, dest);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

  /* Ensure adequate test coverage */
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfFalse && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfFalse && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfFalse && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1==0 );
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfFalse && jumpIfNull!=0 && regFree1!=0 );
  testcase( xJump==0 );
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.
**
................................................................................
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      if( sqlite3ExprIsVector(pExpr->pLeft) ) goto default_expr;
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
................................................................................
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, sqlite3ExprIfTrue, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = jumpIfNull ? dest : destIfFalse;
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
    default_expr:
      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
................................................................................
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      if( sqlite3ExprIsVector(pExpr->pLeft) ) goto default_expr;
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
................................................................................
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );   VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, sqlite3ExprIfFalse, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      if( jumpIfNull ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, dest, dest);
      }else{
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, dest, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
    default_expr: 
      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
................................................................................
  }
  if( pE2->op==TK_OR
   && (sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pE1, pE2->pLeft, iTab)
             || sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pE1, pE2->pRight, iTab) )
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( pE2->op==TK_NOTNULL && pE1->op!=TK_ISNULL && pE1->op!=TK_IS ){
    Expr *pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pE1->pLeft);
    testcase( pX!=pE1->pLeft );
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pX, pE2->pLeft, iTab)==0 ) return 1;

  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used by the tree walker
** to determine if an expression can be evaluated by reference to the
................................................................................
** the deallocation is deferred until the column cache line that uses
** the register becomes stale.
*/
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse *pParse, int iReg){
  if( iReg && pParse->nTempReg<ArraySize(pParse->aTempReg) ){
    int i;
    struct yColCache *p;
    for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<pParse->nColCache; i++, p++){
      if( p->iReg==iReg ){
        p->tempReg = 1;
        return;
      }
    }
    pParse->aTempReg[pParse->nTempReg++] = iReg;
  }
}

/*
** Allocate or deallocate a block of nReg consecutive registers.
*/
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse *pParse, int nReg){
  int i, n;
  if( nReg==1 ) return sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  i = pParse->iRangeReg;
  n = pParse->nRangeReg;
  if( nReg<=n ){
    assert( !usedAsColumnCache(pParse, i, i+n-1) );
    pParse->iRangeReg += nReg;
    pParse->nRangeReg -= nReg;
  }else{
    i = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nReg;
  }
  return i;
}
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse *pParse, int iReg, int nReg){
  if( nReg==1 ){
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReg);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, iReg, nReg);
  if( nReg>pParse->nRangeReg ){
    pParse->nRangeReg = nReg;
    pParse->iRangeReg = iReg;
  }
}

Changes to src/fault.c.

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34
35
36
..
80
81
82
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84
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87
** is completely recoverable simply by not carrying out the resize. The 
** hash table will continue to function normally.  So a malloc failure 
** during a hash table resize is a benign fault.
*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST

/*
** Global variables.
*/
typedef struct BenignMallocHooks BenignMallocHooks;
static SQLITE_WSD struct BenignMallocHooks {
  void (*xBenignBegin)(void);
................................................................................
void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void){
  wsdHooksInit;
  if( wsdHooks.xBenignEnd ){
    wsdHooks.xBenignEnd();
  }
}

#endif   /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */







|







 







|
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..
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** is completely recoverable simply by not carrying out the resize. The 
** hash table will continue to function normally.  So a malloc failure 
** during a hash table resize is a benign fault.
*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE

/*
** Global variables.
*/
typedef struct BenignMallocHooks BenignMallocHooks;
static SQLITE_WSD struct BenignMallocHooks {
  void (*xBenignBegin)(void);
................................................................................
void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void){
  wsdHooksInit;
  if( wsdHooks.xBenignEnd ){
    wsdHooks.xBenignEnd();
  }
}

#endif   /* #ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */

Changes to src/fkey.c.

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1007
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1016
1017
....
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    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nKeyCol==nCol && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................

    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
  /* Exactly one of regOld and regNew should be non-zero. */
  assert( (regOld==0)!=(regNew==0) );

  /* If foreign-keys are disabled, this function is a no-op. */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys)==0 ) return;

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints for which pTab is the
  ** child table (the table that the foreign key definition is part of).  */
  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
................................................................................
    /* Create a SrcList structure containing the child table.  We need the
    ** child table as a SrcList for sqlite3WhereBegin() */
    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pSrc ){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
      pItem->pTab = pFKey->pFrom;
      pItem->zName = pFKey->pFrom->zName;
      pItem->pTab->nRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  
      if( regNew!=0 ){
        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, -1);
      }
      if( regOld!=0 ){
        int eAction = pFKey->aAction[aChange!=0];
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0),
          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      , 0);
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            0);
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0);
        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);
          }
        }else{
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);
        }
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pList, pNew);
        sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pList, &tFromCol, 0);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCol);

................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;








|







 







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|







 







|







 







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<

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<





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611
612
613
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627
628
629
...
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870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
....
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
....
1201
1202
1203
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1206
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1208

1209
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1222

1223
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1235

1236
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....
1284
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1287
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1292
1293
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1296
1297
1298
    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nKeyCol==nCol && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) && pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................

    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
  /* Exactly one of regOld and regNew should be non-zero. */
  assert( (regOld==0)!=(regNew==0) );

  /* If foreign-keys are disabled, this function is a no-op. */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys)==0 ) return;

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints for which pTab is the
  ** child table (the table that the foreign key definition is part of).  */
  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
................................................................................
    /* Create a SrcList structure containing the child table.  We need the
    ** child table as a SrcList for sqlite3WhereBegin() */
    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pSrc ){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
      pItem->pTab = pFKey->pFrom;
      pItem->zName = pFKey->pFrom->zName;
      pItem->pTab->nTabRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  
      if( regNew!=0 ){
        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, -1);
      }
      if( regOld!=0 ){
        int eAction = pFKey->aAction[aChange!=0];
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      );
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0))

            );
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0));

        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
          }
        }else{
          pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
        }
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pList, pNew);
        sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pList, &tFromCol, 0);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCol);

................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;

Changes to src/func.c.

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199
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203
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205


206
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211
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1756
1757
1758
1759
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  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  typeHaystack = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]);
  typeNeedle = sqlite3_value_type(argv[1]);
  if( typeHaystack==SQLITE_NULL || typeNeedle==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  nHaystack = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  nNeedle = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);

  if( typeHaystack==SQLITE_BLOB && typeNeedle==SQLITE_BLOB ){
    zHaystack = sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
    zNeedle = sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);


    isText = 0;
  }else{
    zHaystack = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    zNeedle = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    isText = 1;

  }
  while( nNeedle<=nHaystack && memcmp(zHaystack, zNeedle, nNeedle)!=0 ){
    N++;
    do{
      nHaystack--;
      zHaystack++;
    }while( isText && (zHaystack[0]&0xc0)==0x80 );
  }
  if( nNeedle>nHaystack ) N = 0;

  sqlite3_result_int(context, N);
}

/*
** Implementation of the printf() function.
*/
static void printfFunc(
................................................................................
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*







** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string can
** potentially be a "glob" or "like" expression.  Return true (1) if they
** are the same and false (0) if they are different.





**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
................................................................................
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return 0;
        }else{
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString
                 && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther)==0 ){

            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }
          return *zString!=0;

        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively contine the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;

        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;

        }
      }else{

        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;

        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;
        zEscaped = zPattern;
      }else{
        u32 prior_c = 0;
        int seen = 0;
        int invert = 0;
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c2=='^' ){
          invert = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==']' ){
          if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
................................................................................
              seen = 1;
            }
            prior_c = c2;
          }
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase  && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.

*/
int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[')==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.

*/
int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc)==0;
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape));
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.
................................................................................
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";
        nSep = 1;
      }
      if( nSep ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSep, nSep);
    }
    zVal = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    if( zVal ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zVal, nVal);
  }
}
static void groupConcatFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_used,1, 0, 0, compileoptionusedFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_get, 1, 0, 0, compileoptiongetFunc  ),
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likely,            1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),



    FUNCTION(ltrim,              1, 1, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(ltrim,              2, 1, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(rtrim,              1, 2, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(rtrim,              2, 2, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(trim,               1, 3, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(trim,               2, 3, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(min,               -1, 0, 1, minmaxFunc       ),







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  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  typeHaystack = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]);
  typeNeedle = sqlite3_value_type(argv[1]);
  if( typeHaystack==SQLITE_NULL || typeNeedle==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  nHaystack = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  nNeedle = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
  if( nNeedle>0 ){
    if( typeHaystack==SQLITE_BLOB && typeNeedle==SQLITE_BLOB ){
      zHaystack = sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
      zNeedle = sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
      assert( zNeedle!=0 );
      assert( zHaystack!=0 || nHaystack==0 );
      isText = 0;
    }else{
      zHaystack = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
      zNeedle = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
      isText = 1;
      if( zHaystack==0 || zNeedle==0 ) return;
    }
    while( nNeedle<=nHaystack && memcmp(zHaystack, zNeedle, nNeedle)!=0 ){
      N++;
      do{
        nHaystack--;
        zHaystack++;
      }while( isText && (zHaystack[0]&0xc0)==0x80 );
    }
    if( nNeedle>nHaystack ) N = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_result_int(context, N);
}

/*
** Implementation of the printf() function.
*/
static void printfFunc(
................................................................................
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*
** Possible error returns from patternMatch()
*/
#define SQLITE_MATCH             0
#define SQLITE_NOMATCH           1
#define SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH   2

/*
** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string is


** a GLOB or LIKE expression.  Return values:
**
**    SQLITE_MATCH:            Match
**    SQLITE_NOMATCH:          No match
**    SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH:  No match in spite of having * or % wildcards.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
................................................................................
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return SQLITE_MATCH;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }else{
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString ){
            int bMatch = patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther);
            if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }

          return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively continue the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;
        int bMatch;
        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }else{
        int bMatch;
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }
      return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        zEscaped = zPattern;
      }else{
        u32 prior_c = 0;
        int seen = 0;
        int invert = 0;
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
        if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c2=='^' ){
          invert = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==']' ){
          if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
................................................................................
              seen = 1;
            }
            prior_c = c2;
          }
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase  && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
  }
  return *zString==0 ? SQLITE_MATCH : SQLITE_NOMATCH;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.  Return 0 on a match (like strcmp()) and
** non-zero if there is no match.
*/
int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[');
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.  Return 0 on a match and non-zero for
** a miss - like strcmp().
*/
int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc);
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape)==SQLITE_MATCH);
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.
................................................................................
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";
        nSep = 1;
      }
      if( zSep ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSep, nSep);
    }
    zVal = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    if( zVal ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zVal, nVal);
  }
}
static void groupConcatFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_used,1, 0, 0, compileoptionusedFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_get, 1, 0, 0, compileoptiongetFunc  ),
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likely,            1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    FUNCTION2(affinity,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_AFFINITY),
#endif
    FUNCTION(ltrim,              1, 1, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(ltrim,              2, 1, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(rtrim,              1, 2, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(rtrim,              2, 2, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(trim,               1, 3, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(trim,               2, 3, 0, trimFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(min,               -1, 0, 1, minmaxFunc       ),

Changes to src/global.c.

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** Bit 0x20 is set if the mapped character requires translation to upper
** case. i.e. if the character is a lower-case ASCII character.
** If x is a lower-case ASCII character, then its upper-case equivalent
** is (x - 0x20). Therefore toupper() can be implemented as:
**
**   (x & ~(map[x]&0x20))
**
** Standard function tolower() is implemented using the sqlite3UpperToLower[]
** array. tolower() is used more often than toupper() by SQLite.
**
** Bit 0x40 is set if the character non-alphanumeric and can be used in an 
** SQLite identifier.  Identifiers are alphanumerics, "_", "$", and any
** non-ASCII UTF character. Hence the test for whether or not a character is
** part of an identifier is 0x46.
**
** SQLite's versions are identical to the standard versions assuming a
** locale of "C". They are implemented as macros in sqliteInt.h.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ASCII
const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[256] = {
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 00..07    ........ */
  0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 08..0f    ........ */
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 10..17    ........ */
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 18..1f    ........ */
................................................................................
** page size in bytes.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ
# define SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ 250
#endif

/* Statement journals spill to disk when their size exceeds the following
** threashold (in bytes). 0 means that statement journals are created and
** written to disk immediately (the default behavior for SQLite versions
** before 3.12.0).  -1 means always keep the entire statement journal in
** memory.  (The statement journal is also always held entirely in memory
** if journal_mode=MEMORY or if temp_store=MEMORY, regardless of this
** setting.)
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL 
# define SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL (64*1024)
#endif














/*
** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
** the SQLite library.
*/
SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
   1,                         /* bCoreMutex */
   SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1,      /* bFullMutex */
   SQLITE_USE_URI,            /* bOpenUri */
   SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN,   /* bUseCis */
   0x7ffffffe,                /* mxStrlen */
   0,                         /* neverCorrupt */
   128,                       /* szLookaside */
   500,                       /* nLookaside */
   SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL,     /* nStmtSpill */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},         /* m */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},       /* mutex */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},/* pcache2 */
   (void*)0,                  /* pHeap */
   0,                         /* nHeap */
   0, 0,                      /* mnHeap, mxHeap */
................................................................................
   0,                         /* xSqllog */
   0,                         /* pSqllogArg */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0                          /* bLocaltimeFault */

};

/*
** Hash table for global functions - functions common to all
** database connections.  After initialization, this table is
** read-only.
*/
................................................................................
};


/*
** The value of the "pending" byte must be 0x40000000 (1 byte past the
** 1-gibabyte boundary) in a compatible database.  SQLite never uses
** the database page that contains the pending byte.  It never attempts
** to read or write that page.  The pending byte page is set assign
** for use by the VFS layers as space for managing file locks.
**
** During testing, it is often desirable to move the pending byte to
** a different position in the file.  This allows code that has to
** deal with the pending byte to run on files that are much smaller
** than 1 GiB.  The sqlite3_test_control() interface can be used to
** move the pending byte.







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** Bit 0x20 is set if the mapped character requires translation to upper
** case. i.e. if the character is a lower-case ASCII character.
** If x is a lower-case ASCII character, then its upper-case equivalent
** is (x - 0x20). Therefore toupper() can be implemented as:
**
**   (x & ~(map[x]&0x20))
**
** The equivalent of tolower() is implemented using the sqlite3UpperToLower[]
** array. tolower() is used more often than toupper() by SQLite.
**
** Bit 0x40 is set if the character is non-alphanumeric and can be used in an 
** SQLite identifier.  Identifiers are alphanumerics, "_", "$", and any
** non-ASCII UTF character. Hence the test for whether or not a character is
** part of an identifier is 0x46.



*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ASCII
const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[256] = {
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 00..07    ........ */
  0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 08..0f    ........ */
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 10..17    ........ */
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,  /* 18..1f    ........ */
................................................................................
** page size in bytes.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ
# define SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ 250
#endif

/* Statement journals spill to disk when their size exceeds the following
** threshold (in bytes). 0 means that statement journals are created and
** written to disk immediately (the default behavior for SQLite versions
** before 3.12.0).  -1 means always keep the entire statement journal in
** memory.  (The statement journal is also always held entirely in memory
** if journal_mode=MEMORY or if temp_store=MEMORY, regardless of this
** setting.)
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL 
# define SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL (64*1024)
#endif

/*
** The default lookaside-configuration, the format "SZ,N".  SZ is the
** number of bytes in each lookaside slot (should be a multiple of 8)
** and N is the number of slots.  The lookaside-configuration can be
** changed as start-time using sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE)
** or at run-time for an individual database connection using
** sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE);
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE 1200,100
#endif


/*
** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
** the SQLite library.
*/
SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
   1,                         /* bCoreMutex */
   SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1,      /* bFullMutex */
   SQLITE_USE_URI,            /* bOpenUri */
   SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN,   /* bUseCis */
   0x7ffffffe,                /* mxStrlen */
   0,                         /* neverCorrupt */
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE,  /* szLookaside, nLookaside */

   SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL,     /* nStmtSpill */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},         /* m */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},       /* mutex */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},/* pcache2 */
   (void*)0,                  /* pHeap */
   0,                         /* nHeap */
   0, 0,                      /* mnHeap, mxHeap */
................................................................................
   0,                         /* xSqllog */
   0,                         /* pSqllogArg */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0,                         /* bLocaltimeFault */
   0x7ffffffe                 /* iOnceResetThreshold */
};

/*
** Hash table for global functions - functions common to all
** database connections.  After initialization, this table is
** read-only.
*/
................................................................................
};


/*
** The value of the "pending" byte must be 0x40000000 (1 byte past the
** 1-gibabyte boundary) in a compatible database.  SQLite never uses
** the database page that contains the pending byte.  It never attempts
** to read or write that page.  The pending byte page is set aside
** for use by the VFS layers as space for managing file locks.
**
** During testing, it is often desirable to move the pending byte to
** a different position in the file.  This allows code that has to
** deal with the pending byte to run on files that are much smaller
** than 1 GiB.  The sqlite3_test_control() interface can be used to
** move the pending byte.

Changes to src/hash.c.

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/*
** The hashing function.
*/
static unsigned int strHash(const char *z){
  unsigned int h = 0;
  unsigned char c;
  while( (c = (unsigned char)*z++)!=0 ){     /*OPTIMIZATION-IF-TRUE*/



    h = (h<<3) ^ h ^ sqlite3UpperToLower[c];

  }
  return h;
}


/* Link pNew element into the hash table pH.  If pEntry!=0 then also
** insert pNew into the pEntry hash bucket.







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/*
** The hashing function.
*/
static unsigned int strHash(const char *z){
  unsigned int h = 0;
  unsigned char c;
  while( (c = (unsigned char)*z++)!=0 ){     /*OPTIMIZATION-IF-TRUE*/
    /* Knuth multiplicative hashing.  (Sorting & Searching, p. 510).
    ** 0x9e3779b1 is 2654435761 which is the closest prime number to
    ** (2**32)*golden_ratio, where golden_ratio = (sqrt(5) - 1)/2. */
    h += sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
    h *= 0x9e3779b1;
  }
  return h;
}


/* Link pNew element into the hash table pH.  If pEntry!=0 then also
** insert pNew into the pEntry hash bucket.

Added src/in-operator.md.























































































































































































































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IN-Operator Implementation Notes
================================

## Definitions:

An IN operator has one of the following formats:

>
     x IN (y1,y2,y3,...,yN)
     x IN (subquery)

The "x" is referred to as the LHS (left-hand side).  The list or subquery
on the right is called the RHS (right-hand side).  If the RHS is a list
it must be a non-empty list.  But if the RHS is a subquery, it can be an
empty set.

The LHS can be a scalar (a single quantity) or a vector (a list of
two or or more values) or a subquery that returns one or more columns.
We use the term "vector" to mean an actually list of values or a
subquery that returns two or more columns.  An isolated value or
a subquery that returns a single columns is called a scalar.

The RHS can be a subquery that returns a single column, a subquery
that returns two or more columns, or a list of scalars.  It is not
currently support for the RHS to be a list of vectors.

The number of columns for LHS must match the number of columns for
the RHS.  If the RHS is a list of values, then the LHS must be a 
scalar.  If the RHS is a subquery returning N columns, then the LHS
must be a vector of size N.

NULL values can occur in either or both of the LHS and RHS.
If the LHS contains only
NULL values then we say that it is a "total-NULL".  If the LHS contains
some NULL values and some non-NULL values, then it is a "partial-NULL".
For a scalar, there is no difference between a partial-NULL and a total-NULL.
The RHS is a partial-NULL if any row contains a NULL value.  The RHS is
a total-NULL if it contains one or more rows that contain only NULL values.
The LHS is called "non-NULL" if it contains no NULL values.  The RHS is
called "non-NULL" if it contains no NULL values in any row.

The result of an IN operator is one of TRUE, FALSE, or NULL.  A NULL result
means that it cannot be determined if the LHS is contained in the RHS due
to the presence of NULL values.  In some contexts (for example, when the IN
operator occurs in a WHERE clause)
the system only needs a binary result: TRUE or NOT-TRUE.  One can also
to define a binary result of FALSE and NOT-FALSE, but
it turns out that no extra optimizations are possible in that case, so if
the FALSE/NOT-FALSE binary is needed, we have to compute the three-state
TRUE/FALSE/NULL result and then combine the TRUE and NULL values into 
NOT-FALSE.

A "NOT IN" operator is computed by first computing the equivalent IN
operator, then interchanging the TRUE and FALSE results.

## Simple Full-Scan Algorithm

The following algorithm always compute the correct answer.  However, this
algorithm is suboptimal, especially if there are many rows on the RHS.

  1.  Set the null-flag to false
  2.  For each row in the RHS:
      <ol type='a'>
      <li>  Compare the LHS against the RHS
      <li>  If the LHS exactly matches the RHS, immediately return TRUE
      <li>  If the comparison result is NULL, set the null-flag to true
      </ol>
  3.  If the null-flag is true, return NULL.
  4.  Return FALSE

## Optimized Algorithm

The following procedure computes the same answer as the simple full-scan
algorithm, though it does so with less work in the common case.  This
is the algorithm that is implemented in SQLite.

  1.  If the RHS is a constant list of length 1 or 2, then rewrite the
      IN operator as a simple expression.  Implement

            x IN (y1,y2)

      as if it were

            x=y1 OR x=y2

      This is the INDEX_NOOP optimization and is only undertaken if the
      IN operator is used for membership testing.  If the IN operator is
      driving a loop, then skip this step entirely.

  2.  Check the LHS to see if it is a partial-NULL and if it is, jump
      ahead to step 5.

  3.  Do a binary search of the RHS using the LHS as a probe.  If
      an exact match is found, return TRUE.

  4.  If the RHS is non-NULL then return FALSE.

  5.  If we do not need to distinguish between FALSE and NULL,
      then return FALSE.
  
  6.  For each row in the RHS, compare that row against the LHS and
      if the result is NULL, immediately return NULL.  In the case
      of a scalar IN operator, we only need to look at the very first
      row the RHS because for a scalar RHS, all NULLs will always come 
      first.  If the RHS is empty, this step is a no-op.

  7.  Return FALSE.

Changes to src/insert.c.

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204
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227
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551

552
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...
787
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789
790
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795

796
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798
799
800
801
802
...
990
991
992
993
994
995
996

997
998
999
1000












1001
1002

1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
....
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
....
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
....
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301

1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
....
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
....
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
....
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
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1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546



















1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
....
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
....
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686


1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698

1699
1700

1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
....
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
....
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779




1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788

1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
....
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097

2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
....
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113







2114
2115
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2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
....
2131
2132
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2134
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2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
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2144
2145
....
2161
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2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178

2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
  return 0;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/*
** Locate or create an AutoincInfo structure associated with table pTab
** which is in database iDb.  Return the register number for the register
** that holds the maximum rowid.


**
** There is at most one AutoincInfo structure per table even if the
** same table is autoincremented multiple times due to inserts within
** triggers.  A new AutoincInfo structure is created if this is the
** first use of table pTab.  On 2nd and subsequent uses, the original
** AutoincInfo structure is used.
**
................................................................................
*/
static int autoIncBegin(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,            /* Index of the database holding pTab */
  Table *pTab         /* The table we are writing to */
){
  int memId = 0;      /* Register holding maximum rowid */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){


    Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
    AutoincInfo *pInfo;

    pInfo = pToplevel->pAinc;
    while( pInfo && pInfo->pTab!=pTab ){ pInfo = pInfo->pNext; }
    if( pInfo==0 ){
      pInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pInfo));
................................................................................
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
  const char *zDb;      /* Name of the database holding this table */
  int i, j, idx;        /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
  int ipkColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  Db *pDb;              /* The database containing table being inserted into */
  u8 useTempTable = 0;  /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  u8 appendFlag = 0;    /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  u8 withoutRowid;      /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 bIdListInOrder;    /* True if IDLIST is in table order */
  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */

  /* Register allocations */
................................................................................
  if( NEVER(zTab==0) ) goto insert_cleanup;
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  zDb = pDb->zName;
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){

    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  withoutRowid = !HasRowid(pTab);

  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** inserted into is a view
  */
................................................................................
    int nIdx;
    nIdx = sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, 0, -1, 0,
                                      &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(nIdx+1));
    if( aRegIdx==0 ){
      goto insert_cleanup;
    }
    for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){

      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;

    }
  }

  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 1, pTab->nCol+2, regIns, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */

      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, 0, ipkColumn>=0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace, 0
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);












      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                               regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0);

    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && !isView ){
    /* Close all tables opened */
    if( iDataCur<iIdxCur ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
    for(idx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, idx+iIdxCur);
    }
  }

insert_end:
  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
................................................................................
  int addr1;           /* Address of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0;  /* True if the OP_Affinity operation has been run */
  int regRowid = -1;   /* Register holding ROWID value */

  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        /* Fall through */
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);

        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has change, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
................................................................................
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, iField<0 ? OP_IntCopy : OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
    ** primary key, then no collision is possible.  The collision detection
    ** logic below can all be skipped. */
    if( isUpdate && pPk==pIdx && pkChng==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;
    }

    /* Find out what action to take in case there is a uniqueness conflict */
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ){ 
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    



















    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NoConflict, iThisCur, addrUniqueOk,
                         regIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Generate code to handle collisions */
    regR = (pIdx==pPk) ? regIdx : sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPkField);
    if( isUpdate || onError==OE_Replace ){
................................................................................
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace,
            (pIdx==pPk ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_OFF), -1);
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }
  
................................................................................
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    bAffinityDone = 1;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdxCur+i, aRegIdx[i]);


    pik_flags = 0;
    if( useSeekResult ) pik_flags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      assert( pParse->nested==0 );
      pik_flags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
  }
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) return;
  regData = regNewData + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);

  if( !bAffinityDone ) sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, 0);
  sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);

  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
    pik_flags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    pik_flags |= (isUpdate?OPFLAG_ISUPDATE:OPFLAG_LASTROWID);
  }
  if( appendBias ){
................................................................................
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDataCur, regRec, regNewData);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Allocate cursors for the pTab table and all its indices and generate
** code to open and initialized those cursors.
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, op==OP_OpenWrite, pTab->zName);
  }
  if( piIdxCur ) *piIdxCur = iBase;
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    int iIdxCur = iBase++;
    assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );




    if( aToOpen==0 || aToOpen[i+1] ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
    }
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      if( piDataCur ) *piDataCur = iIdxCur;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, p5);

    }
  }
  if( iBase>pParse->nTab ) pParse->nTab = iBase;
  return i;
}


................................................................................
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){

    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pDest);
................................................................................
    }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
    }else{
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);







    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid,
                      (char*)pDest, P4_TABLE);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbDest, pDest->tnum, 1, pDest->zName);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbSrc, pSrc->tnum, 0, pSrc->zName);
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum ){
      /* This INSERT command is part of a VACUUM operation, which guarantees
      ** that the destination table is empty. If all indexed columns use
      ** collation sequence BINARY, then it can also be assumed that the
      ** index will be populated by inserting keys in strictly sorted 
      ** order. In this case, instead of seeking within the b-tree as part
      ** of every OP_IdxInsert opcode, an OP_Last is added before the
................................................................................
        idxInsFlags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Last, iDest, 0, -1);
      }
    }
    if( !HasRowid(pSrc) && pDestIdx->idxType==2 ){
      idxInsFlags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, idxInsFlags);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }
  if( emptySrcTest ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);
  if( emptyDestTest ){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */







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196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
...
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
...
481
482
483
484
485
486
487

488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501

502
503
504
505
506
507
508
...
544
545
546
547
548
549
550


551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
...
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
...
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
....
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047








1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
....
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253

1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
....
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
....
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
....
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
....
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519

1520

1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529

1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542

1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
....
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659

1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
....
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
....
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
....
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813





1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
....
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
....
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
....
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
....
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
  return 0;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/*
** Locate or create an AutoincInfo structure associated with table pTab
** which is in database iDb.  Return the register number for the register
** that holds the maximum rowid.  Return zero if pTab is not an AUTOINCREMENT
** table.  (Also return zero when doing a VACUUM since we do not want to
** update the AUTOINCREMENT counters during a VACUUM.)
**
** There is at most one AutoincInfo structure per table even if the
** same table is autoincremented multiple times due to inserts within
** triggers.  A new AutoincInfo structure is created if this is the
** first use of table pTab.  On 2nd and subsequent uses, the original
** AutoincInfo structure is used.
**
................................................................................
*/
static int autoIncBegin(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,            /* Index of the database holding pTab */
  Table *pTab         /* The table we are writing to */
){
  int memId = 0;      /* Register holding maximum rowid */
  if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)!=0
   && (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum)==0
  ){
    Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
    AutoincInfo *pInfo;

    pInfo = pToplevel->pAinc;
    while( pInfo && pInfo->pTab!=pTab ){ pInfo = pInfo->pNext; }
    if( pInfo==0 ){
      pInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pInfo));
................................................................................
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */

  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
  int ipkColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */

  u8 useTempTable = 0;  /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  u8 appendFlag = 0;    /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  u8 withoutRowid;      /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 bIdListInOrder;    /* True if IDLIST is in table order */
  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */

  /* Register allocations */
................................................................................
  if( NEVER(zTab==0) ) goto insert_cleanup;
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );


  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0,
                       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  withoutRowid = !HasRowid(pTab);

  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** inserted into is a view
  */
................................................................................
    int nIdx;
    nIdx = sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, 0, -1, 0,
                                      &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(nIdx+1));
    if( aRegIdx==0 ){
      goto insert_cleanup;
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; i<nIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      assert( pIdx );
      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem += pIdx->nColumn;
    }
  }

  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 1, pTab->nCol+2, regIns, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      int bUseSeek;     /* True to use OPFLAG_SEEKRESULT */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, 0, ipkColumn>=0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace, 0
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);

      /* Set the OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT flag if either (a) there are no REPLACE
      ** constraints or (b) there are no triggers and this table is not a
      ** parent table in a foreign key constraint. It is safe to set the
      ** flag in the second case as if any REPLACE constraint is hit, an
      ** OP_Delete or OP_IdxDelete instruction will be executed on each 
      ** cursor that is disturbed. And these instructions both clear the
      ** VdbeCursor.seekResult variable, disabling the OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT
      ** functionality.  */
      bUseSeek = (isReplace==0 || (pTrigger==0 &&
          ((db->flags & SQLITE_ForeignKeys)==0 || sqlite3FkReferences(pTab)==0)
      ));
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, bUseSeek
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }









insert_end:
  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
................................................................................
  int addr1;           /* Address of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0;  /* True if the OP_Affinity operation has been run */


  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        /* Fall through */
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has changed, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
................................................................................
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = aRegIdx[ix]+1;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){

          x = regNewData;

        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, iField<0 ? OP_IntCopy : OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));


    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
    ** primary key, then no collision is possible.  The collision detection
    ** logic below can all be skipped. */
    if( isUpdate && pPk==pIdx && pkChng==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;
    }

    /* Find out what action to take in case there is a uniqueness conflict */
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ){ 

      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    /* Collision detection may be omitted if all of the following are true:
    **   (1) The conflict resolution algorithm is REPLACE
    **   (2) The table is a WITHOUT ROWID table
    **   (3) There are no secondary indexes on the table
    **   (4) No delete triggers need to be fired if there is a conflict
    **   (5) No FK constraint counters need to be updated if a conflict occurs.
    */ 
    if( (ix==0 && pIdx->pNext==0)                   /* Condition 3 */
     && pPk==pIdx                                   /* Condition 2 */
     && onError==OE_Replace                         /* Condition 1 */
     && ( 0==(db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers) ||      /* Condition 4 */
          0==sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0))
     && ( 0==(db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys) ||      /* Condition 5 */
         (0==pTab->pFKey && 0==sqlite3FkReferences(pTab)))
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;
    }

    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NoConflict, iThisCur, addrUniqueOk,
                         regIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Generate code to handle collisions */
    regR = (pIdx==pPk) ? regIdx : sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPkField);
    if( isUpdate || onError==OE_Replace ){
................................................................................
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace,
            (pIdx==pPk ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_OFF), -1);
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);

    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }
  
................................................................................
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    bAffinityDone = 1;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdxCur+i, aRegIdx[i],
                         aRegIdx[i]+1,
                         pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol: pIdx->nColumn);
    pik_flags = 0;
    if( useSeekResult ) pik_flags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      assert( pParse->nested==0 );
      pik_flags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
  }
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) return;
  regData = regNewData + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);
  if( !bAffinityDone ){
    sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, 0);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);
  }
  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
    pik_flags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    pik_flags |= (isUpdate?OPFLAG_ISUPDATE:OPFLAG_LASTROWID);
  }
  if( appendBias ){
................................................................................
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDataCur, regRec, regNewData);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Allocate cursors for the pTab table and all its indices and generate
** code to open and initialized those cursors.
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, op==OP_OpenWrite, pTab->zName);
  }
  if( piIdxCur ) *piIdxCur = iBase;
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    int iIdxCur = iBase++;
    assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      if( piDataCur ) *piDataCur = iIdxCur;
      p5 = 0;
    }
    if( aToOpen==0 || aToOpen[i+1] ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);





      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, p5);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
    }
  }
  if( iBase>pParse->nTab ) pParse->nTab = iBase;
  return i;
}


................................................................................
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    u8 insFlags;
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pDest);
................................................................................
    }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
    }else{
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Last, iDest, 0, -1);
      insFlags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|
                           OPFLAG_APPEND|OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
    }else{
      insFlags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid,
                      (char*)pDest, P4_TABLE);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, insFlags);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbDest, pDest->tnum, 1, pDest->zName);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbSrc, pSrc->tnum, 0, pSrc->zName);
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum ){
      /* This INSERT command is part of a VACUUM operation, which guarantees
      ** that the destination table is empty. If all indexed columns use
      ** collation sequence BINARY, then it can also be assumed that the
      ** index will be populated by inserting keys in strictly sorted 
      ** order. In this case, instead of seeking within the b-tree as part
      ** of every OP_IdxInsert opcode, an OP_Last is added before the
................................................................................
        idxInsFlags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Last, iDest, 0, -1);
      }
    }
    if( !HasRowid(pSrc) && pDestIdx->idxType==2 ){
      idxInsFlags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, idxInsFlags|OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }
  if( emptySrcTest ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);
  if( emptyDestTest ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

Changes to src/loadext.c.

616
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779
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  }else{
    db->flags &= ~(SQLITE_LoadExtension|SQLITE_LoadExtFunc);
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION */

/*
** The auto-extension code added regardless of whether or not extension
** loading is supported.  We need a dummy sqlite3Apis pointer for that
** code if regular extension loading is not available.  This is that
** dummy pointer.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
static const sqlite3_api_routines sqlite3Apis = { 0 };
#endif


/*
** The following object holds the list of automatically loaded
** extensions.
**
** This list is shared across threads.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** mutex must be held while accessing this list.
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; go; i++){
    char *zErrmsg;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif





    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    if( i>=wsdAutoext.nExt ){
      xInit = 0;
      go = 0;
    }else{
      xInit = (sqlite3_loadext_entry)wsdAutoext.aExt[i];
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    zErrmsg = 0;
    if( xInit && (rc = xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis))!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, rc,
            "automatic extension loading failed: %s", zErrmsg);
      go = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
  }
}







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
<
<
<







 







>
>
>
>
>









|







616
617
618
619
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622








623



624
625
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627
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789
  }else{
    db->flags &= ~(SQLITE_LoadExtension|SQLITE_LoadExtFunc);
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}









#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION) */




/*
** The following object holds the list of automatically loaded
** extensions.
**
** This list is shared across threads.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** mutex must be held while accessing this list.
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; go; i++){
    char *zErrmsg;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = 0;
#else
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = &sqlite3Apis;
#endif
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    if( i>=wsdAutoext.nExt ){
      xInit = 0;
      go = 0;
    }else{
      xInit = (sqlite3_loadext_entry)wsdAutoext.aExt[i];
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    zErrmsg = 0;
    if( xInit && (rc = xInit(db, &zErrmsg, pThunk))!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, rc,
            "automatic extension loading failed: %s", zErrmsg);
      go = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
  }
}

Changes to src/main.c.

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....
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4006
































4007
4008
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4010
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4018
** Configuration settings for an individual database connection
*/
int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){





    case SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE: {
      void *pBuf = va_arg(ap, void*); /* IMP: R-26835-10964 */
      int sz = va_arg(ap, int);       /* IMP: R-47871-25994 */
      int cnt = va_arg(ap, int);      /* IMP: R-04460-53386 */
      rc = setupLookaside(db, pBuf, sz, cnt);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
        int op;      /* The opcode */
        u32 mask;    /* Mask of the bit in sqlite3.flags to set/clear */
      } aFlagOp[] = {
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY,           SQLITE_ForeignKeys    },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER,        SQLITE_EnableTrigger  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER, SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION, SQLITE_LoadExtension  },

      };
      unsigned int i;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* IMP: R-42790-23372 */
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aFlagOp); i++){
        if( aFlagOp[i].op==op ){
          int onoff = va_arg(ap, int);
          int *pRes = va_arg(ap, int*);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Cause any pending operation to stop at its earliest opportunity.
*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return;
  }
#endif
  db->u1.isInterrupted = 1;
}

................................................................................
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);


  db->mTrace = mTrace;
  db->xTrace = xTrace;
  db->pTraceArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, SQLITE_ERROR, "unknown database: %s", zDb);
  }else{
    db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, iDb, eMode, pnLog, pnCkpt);
    sqlite3Error(db, rc);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);







  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
#endif
}


/*
................................................................................
       && sqlite3Isxdigit(zUri[iIn+1]) 
      ){
        int octet = (sqlite3HexToInt(zUri[iIn++]) << 4);
        octet += sqlite3HexToInt(zUri[iIn++]);

        assert( octet>=0 && octet<256 );
        if( octet==0 ){

          /* This branch is taken when "%00" appears within the URI. In this
          ** case we ignore all text in the remainder of the path, name or
          ** value currently being parsed. So ignore the current character
          ** and skip to the next "?", "=" or "&", as appropriate. */
          while( (c = zUri[iIn])!=0 && c!='#' 
              && (eState!=0 || c!='?')
              && (eState!=1 || (c!='=' && c!='&'))
              && (eState!=2 || c!='&')
          ){
            iIn++;
          }
          continue;






        }
        c = octet;
      }else if( eState==1 && (c=='&' || c=='=') ){
        if( zFile[iOut-1]==0 ){
          /* An empty option name. Ignore this option altogether. */
          while( zUri[iIn] && zUri[iIn]!='#' && zUri[iIn-1]!='&' ) iIn++;
          continue;
................................................................................

      zOpt = &zVal[nVal+1];
    }

  }else{
    zFile = sqlite3_malloc64(nUri+2);
    if( !zFile ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;

    memcpy(zFile, zUri, nUri);

    zFile[nUri] = '\0';
    zFile[nUri+1] = '\0';
    flags &= ~SQLITE_OPEN_URI;
  }

  *ppVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zVfs);
  if( *ppVfs==0 ){
................................................................................
  if( !db->mallocFailed ) ENC(db) = SCHEMA_ENC(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(db->aDb[0].pBt);
  db->aDb[1].pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, 0);

  /* The default safety_level for the main database is FULL; for the temp
  ** database it is OFF. This matches the pager layer defaults.  
  */
  db->aDb[0].zName = "main";
  db->aDb[0].safety_level = SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS+1;
  db->aDb[1].zName = "temp";
  db->aDb[1].safety_level = PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_OFF;

  db->magic = SQLITE_MAGIC_OPEN;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto opendb_out;
  }

  /* Register all built-in functions, but do not attempt to read the
  ** database schema yet. This is delayed until the first time the database
  ** is accessed.
  */
  sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_OK);
  sqlite3RegisterPerConnectionBuiltinFunctions(db);











  /* Load automatic extensions - extensions that have been registered
  ** using the sqlite3_automatic_extension() API.
  */
  rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(db);
    rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto opendb_out;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 /* automatically defined by SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 */
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3Init(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5Init(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3IcuInit(db);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(op);
#else
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
................................................................................
    ** that demonstrat invariants on well-formed database files.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.neverCorrupt = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }











    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE, xCallback, ptr);
    **
    ** Set the VDBE coverage callback function to xCallback with context 
    ** pointer ptr.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE: {
................................................................................
        sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is a utility routine, useful to VFS implementations, that checks
** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query 
** parameter, and if so obtains the value of the query parameter.
................................................................................
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.
*/
Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    if( db->aDb[i].pBt
     && (zDbName==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(zDbName, db->aDb[i].zName)==0)
    ){
      return db->aDb[i].pBt;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return the filename of the database associated with a database
** connection.
*/
const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
................................................................................
int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int iDb;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);


  iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), ppSnapshot);

      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
          sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

































  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free a snapshot handle obtained from sqlite3_snapshot_get().
*/
void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  sqlite3_free(pSnapshot);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */







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** Configuration settings for an individual database connection
*/
int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME: {
      db->aDb[0].zDbSName = va_arg(ap,char*);
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE: {
      void *pBuf = va_arg(ap, void*); /* IMP: R-26835-10964 */
      int sz = va_arg(ap, int);       /* IMP: R-47871-25994 */
      int cnt = va_arg(ap, int);      /* IMP: R-04460-53386 */
      rc = setupLookaside(db, pBuf, sz, cnt);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
        int op;      /* The opcode */
        u32 mask;    /* Mask of the bit in sqlite3.flags to set/clear */
      } aFlagOp[] = {
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY,           SQLITE_ForeignKeys    },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER,        SQLITE_EnableTrigger  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER, SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION, SQLITE_LoadExtension  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE,      SQLITE_NoCkptOnClose  },
      };
      unsigned int i;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* IMP: R-42790-23372 */
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aFlagOp); i++){
        if( aFlagOp[i].op==op ){
          int onoff = va_arg(ap, int);
          int *pRes = va_arg(ap, int*);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Cause any pending operation to stop at its earliest opportunity.
*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) && (db==0 || db->magic!=SQLITE_MAGIC_ZOMBIE) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return;
  }
#endif
  db->u1.isInterrupted = 1;
}

................................................................................
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( mTrace==0 ) xTrace = 0;
  if( xTrace==0 ) mTrace = 0;
  db->mTrace = mTrace;
  db->xTrace = xTrace;
  db->pTraceArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, SQLITE_ERROR, "unknown database: %s", zDb);
  }else{
    db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, iDb, eMode, pnLog, pnCkpt);
    sqlite3Error(db, rc);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);

  /* If there are no active statements, clear the interrupt flag at this
  ** point.  */
  if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
    db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
#endif
}


/*
................................................................................
       && sqlite3Isxdigit(zUri[iIn+1]) 
      ){
        int octet = (sqlite3HexToInt(zUri[iIn++]) << 4);
        octet += sqlite3HexToInt(zUri[iIn++]);

        assert( octet>=0 && octet<256 );
        if( octet==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR
          /* This branch is taken when "%00" appears within the URI. In this
          ** case we ignore all text in the remainder of the path, name or
          ** value currently being parsed. So ignore the current character
          ** and skip to the next "?", "=" or "&", as appropriate. */
          while( (c = zUri[iIn])!=0 && c!='#' 
              && (eState!=0 || c!='?')
              && (eState!=1 || (c!='=' && c!='&'))
              && (eState!=2 || c!='&')
          ){
            iIn++;
          }
          continue;
#else
          /* If ENABLE_URI_00_ERROR is defined, "%00" in a URI is an error. */
          *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("unexpected %%00 in uri");
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
          goto parse_uri_out;
#endif
        }
        c = octet;
      }else if( eState==1 && (c=='&' || c=='=') ){
        if( zFile[iOut-1]==0 ){
          /* An empty option name. Ignore this option altogether. */
          while( zUri[iIn] && zUri[iIn]!='#' && zUri[iIn-1]!='&' ) iIn++;
          continue;
................................................................................

      zOpt = &zVal[nVal+1];
    }

  }else{
    zFile = sqlite3_malloc64(nUri+2);
    if( !zFile ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    if( nUri ){
      memcpy(zFile, zUri, nUri);
    }
    zFile[nUri] = '\0';
    zFile[nUri+1] = '\0';
    flags &= ~SQLITE_OPEN_URI;
  }

  *ppVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zVfs);
  if( *ppVfs==0 ){
................................................................................
  if( !db->mallocFailed ) ENC(db) = SCHEMA_ENC(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(db->aDb[0].pBt);
  db->aDb[1].pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, 0);

  /* The default safety_level for the main database is FULL; for the temp
  ** database it is OFF. This matches the pager layer defaults.  
  */
  db->aDb[0].zDbSName = "main";
  db->aDb[0].safety_level = SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS+1;
  db->aDb[1].zDbSName = "temp";
  db->aDb[1].safety_level = PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_OFF;

  db->magic = SQLITE_MAGIC_OPEN;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto opendb_out;
  }

  /* Register all built-in functions, but do not attempt to read the
  ** database schema yet. This is delayed until the first time the database
  ** is accessed.
  */
  sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_OK);
  sqlite3RegisterPerConnectionBuiltinFunctions(db);
  rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
  /* Register any built-in FTS5 module before loading the automatic
  ** extensions. This allows automatic extensions to register FTS5 
  ** tokenizers and auxiliary functions.  */
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5Init(db);
  }
#endif

  /* Load automatic extensions - extensions that have been registered
  ** using the sqlite3_automatic_extension() API.
  */

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(db);
    rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto opendb_out;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 /* automatically defined by SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 */
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3Init(db);
  }






#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3IcuInit(db);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(op);
#else
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
................................................................................
    ** that demonstrat invariants on well-formed database files.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.neverCorrupt = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

    /* Set the threshold at which OP_Once counters reset back to zero.
    ** By default this is 0x7ffffffe (over 2 billion), but that value is
    ** too big to test in a reasonable amount of time, so this control is
    ** provided to set a small and easily reachable reset value.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.iOnceResetThreshold = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE, xCallback, ptr);
    **
    ** Set the VDBE coverage callback function to xCallback with context 
    ** pointer ptr.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE: {
................................................................................
        sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is a utility routine, useful to VFS implementations, that checks
** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query 
** parameter, and if so obtains the value of the query parameter.
................................................................................
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.
*/
Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
  int iDb = zDbName ? sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDbName) : 0;

  return iDb<0 ? 0 : db->aDb[iDb].pBt;






}

/*
** Return the filename of the database associated with a database
** connection.
*/
const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
................................................................................
int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
    int iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
    if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
      if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), ppSnapshot);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
          sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover as many snapshots as possible from the wal file associated with
** schema zDb of database db.
*/
int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  int iDb;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
        sqlite3BtreeCommit(pBt);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free a snapshot handle obtained from sqlite3_snapshot_get().
*/
void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  sqlite3_free(pSnapshot);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

Changes to src/malloc.c.

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736
737
738
  nNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRoundup((int)nBytes);
  if( nOld==nNew ){
    pNew = pOld;
  }else if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusHighwater(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, (int)nBytes);
    nDiff = nNew - nOld;
    if( sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED) >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold-nDiff ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nDiff);
    }
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmThreshold>0 ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm((int)nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
................................................................................
*/
char *sqlite3DbStrDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z){
  char *zNew;
  size_t n;
  if( z==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(z) + 1;
  assert( (n&0x7fffffff)==n );
  zNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, (int)n);
  if( zNew ){
    memcpy(zNew, z, n);
  }
  return zNew;
}
char *sqlite3DbStrNDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z, u64 n){
  char *zNew;







|







 







|
<
|







515
516
517
518
519
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523
524
525
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...
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723
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729

730
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737
  nNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRoundup((int)nBytes);
  if( nOld==nNew ){
    pNew = pOld;
  }else if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusHighwater(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, (int)nBytes);
    nDiff = nNew - nOld;
    if( nDiff>0 && sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED) >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold-nDiff ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nDiff);
    }
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmThreshold>0 ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm((int)nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
................................................................................
*/
char *sqlite3DbStrDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z){
  char *zNew;
  size_t n;
  if( z==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  n = strlen(z) + 1;

  zNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
  if( zNew ){
    memcpy(zNew, z, n);
  }
  return zNew;
}
char *sqlite3DbStrNDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z, u64 n){
  char *zNew;

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

1057
1058
1059
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1061
1062
1063







1064
1065
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1067
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....
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....
5508
5509
5510
5511
5512
5513
5514
5515
5516
5517
5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
** to locate a particular unixInodeInfo object.
*/
struct unixFileId {
  dev_t dev;                  /* Device number */
#if OS_VXWORKS
  struct vxworksFileId *pId;  /* Unique file ID for vxworks. */
#else







  ino_t ino;                  /* Inode number */
#endif
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure is allocated for each open
** inode.  Or, on LinuxThreads, there is one of these structures for
** each inode opened by each thread.
................................................................................
#endif

  memset(&fileId, 0, sizeof(fileId));
  fileId.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  fileId.pId = pFile->pId;
#else
  fileId.ino = statbuf.st_ino;
#endif
  pInode = inodeList;
  while( pInode && memcmp(&fileId, &pInode->fileId, sizeof(fileId)) ){
    pInode = pInode->pNext;
  }
  if( pInode==0 ){
    pInode = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pInode) );
................................................................................
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return pFile->pInode!=0 && pFile->pId!=pFile->pInode->fileId.pId;
#else
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&

      (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
#endif
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
................................................................................
  ** not searching for a reusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==osStat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
    }
    if( pInode ){
      UnixUnusedFd **pp;
      for(pp=&pInode->pUnused; *pp && (*pp)->flags!=flags; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
      pUnused = *pp;
      if( pUnused ){







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|







 







|







 







>
|







 







|







1057
1058
1059
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1064
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1074
1075
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1077
1078
....
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1323
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....
5516
5517
5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
** to locate a particular unixInodeInfo object.
*/
struct unixFileId {
  dev_t dev;                  /* Device number */
#if OS_VXWORKS
  struct vxworksFileId *pId;  /* Unique file ID for vxworks. */
#else
  /* We are told that some versions of Android contain a bug that
  ** sizes ino_t at only 32-bits instead of 64-bits. (See
  ** https://android-review.googlesource.com/#/c/115351/3/dist/sqlite3.c)
  ** To work around this, always allocate 64-bits for the inode number.  
  ** On small machines that only have 32-bit inodes, this wastes 4 bytes,
  ** but that should not be a big deal. */
  /* WAS:  ino_t ino;   */
  u64 ino;                   /* Inode number */
#endif
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure is allocated for each open
** inode.  Or, on LinuxThreads, there is one of these structures for
** each inode opened by each thread.
................................................................................
#endif

  memset(&fileId, 0, sizeof(fileId));
  fileId.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  fileId.pId = pFile->pId;
#else
  fileId.ino = (u64)statbuf.st_ino;
#endif
  pInode = inodeList;
  while( pInode && memcmp(&fileId, &pInode->fileId, sizeof(fileId)) ){
    pInode = pInode->pNext;
  }
  if( pInode==0 ){
    pInode = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pInode) );
................................................................................
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return pFile->pInode!=0 && pFile->pId!=pFile->pInode->fileId.pId;
#else
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&
      (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 
         || (u64)buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
#endif
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
................................................................................
  ** not searching for a reusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==osStat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=(u64)sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
    }
    if( pInode ){
      UnixUnusedFd **pp;
      for(pp=&pInode->pUnused; *pp && (*pp)->flags!=flags; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
      pUnused = *pp;
      if( pUnused ){

Changes to src/os_win.c.

3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489






3490
3491
3492
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3494
3495
3496
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = winIoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;






    }
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE: {
      LPHANDLE phFile = (LPHANDLE)pArg;
      HANDLE hOldFile = pFile->h;
      pFile->h = *phFile;
      *phFile = hOldFile;







>
>
>
>
>
>







3483
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3485
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3500
3501
3502
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = winIoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE: {
      LPHANDLE phFile = (LPHANDLE)pArg;
      *phFile = pFile->h;
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE: {
      LPHANDLE phFile = (LPHANDLE)pArg;
      HANDLE hOldFile = pFile->h;
      pFile->h = *phFile;
      *phFile = hOldFile;

Changes to src/pager.c.

692
693
694
695
696
697
698

699
700
701
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703
704
705
...
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818
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....
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1024



























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....
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....
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....
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5461

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5504


5505
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....
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5552


5553









































5554
5555























































5556
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....
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....
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....
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6811




6812
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....
6845
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6849
6850
6851















6852
6853
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6858
....
6915
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6922
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6928
....
7324
7325
7326
7327
7328
7329
7330
7331






7332
7333
7334
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7336
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7341
....
7459
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....
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7494
7495
7496
7497
7498
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7500
7501
....
7524
7525
7526
7527
7528
7529
7530














7531
7532
7533
7534
7535
7536
7537
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int aStat[3];               /* Total cache hits, misses and writes */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nRead;                  /* Database pages read */
#endif
  void (*xReiniter)(DbPage*); /* Call this routine when reloading pages */

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
  void *pCodec;               /* First argument to xCodec... methods */
#endif
  char *pTmpSpace;            /* Pager.pageSize bytes of space for tmp use */
................................................................................
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
static int pagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
  return (pPager->pWal!=0);
}

#else
# define pagerUseWal(x) 0
# define pagerRollbackWal(x) 0
# define pagerWalFrames(v,w,x,y) 0
# define pagerOpenWalIfPresent(z) SQLITE_OK
# define pagerBeginReadTransaction(z) SQLITE_OK
#endif
................................................................................
      , p->journalOff, p->journalHdr
      , (int)p->dbSize, (int)p->dbOrigSize, (int)p->dbFileSize
  );

  return zRet;
}
#endif




























/*
** Return true if it is necessary to write page *pPg into the sub-journal.
** A page needs to be written into the sub-journal if there exists one
** or more open savepoints for which:
**
**   * The page-number is less than or equal to PagerSavepoint.nOrig, and
................................................................................
      pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }else{
      pPager->eState = (isOpen(pPager->jfd) ? PAGER_OPEN : PAGER_READER);
    }
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;

  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

................................................................................
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_FULL ||
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK ||
       (pPager->errCode & 0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR
  );
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;

  }
  return rc;
}

static int pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage);

/*
................................................................................
    }
  }
#endif

  pagerFreeBitvecs(pPager);
  pPager->nRec = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pagerFlushOnCommit(pPager, bCommit) ){
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
    }else{
      sqlite3PcacheClearWritable(pPager->pPCache);
    }
    sqlite3PcacheTruncate(pPager->pPCache, pPager->dbSize);
  }

................................................................................
static void pagerFixMaplimit(Pager *pPager){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
  if( isOpen(fd) && fd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
    sz = pPager->szMmap;
    pPager->bUseFetch = (sz>0);

    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Change the maximum size of any memory mapping made of the database file.
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &pPager->journalHdr);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Obtain a reference to a memory mapped page object for page number pgno. 
** The new object will use the pointer pData, obtained from xFetch().
** If successful, set *ppPage to point to the new page reference
** and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an SQLite error code and set
** *ppPage to zero.
**
................................................................................
){
  PgHdr *p;                       /* Memory mapped page to return */
  
  if( pPager->pMmapFreelist ){
    *ppPage = p = pPager->pMmapFreelist;
    pPager->pMmapFreelist = p->pDirty;
    p->pDirty = 0;

    memset(p->pExtra, 0, pPager->nExtra);
  }else{
    *ppPage = p = (PgHdr *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(PgHdr) + pPager->nExtra);
    if( p==0 ){
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, (i64)(pgno-1) * pPager->pageSize, pData);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }
    p->pExtra = (void *)&p[1];
................................................................................

  p->pgno = pgno;
  p->pData = pData;
  pPager->nMmapOut++;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Release a reference to page pPg. pPg must have been returned by an 
** earlier call to pagerAcquireMapPage().
*/
static void pagerReleaseMapPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
................................................................................
** result in a coredump.
**
** This function always succeeds. If a transaction is active an attempt
** is made to roll it back. If an error occurs during the rollback 
** a hot journal may be left in the filesystem but no error is returned
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager){
  u8 *pTmp = (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace;


  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  disable_simulated_io_errors();
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  pagerFreeMapHdrs(pPager);
  /* pPager->errCode = 0; */
  pPager->exclusiveMode = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

  sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal, pPager->ckptSyncFlags, pPager->pageSize, pTmp);


  pPager->pWal = 0;
#endif
  pager_reset(pPager);
  if( MEMDB ){
    pager_unlock(pPager);
  }else{
    /* If it is open, sync the journal file before calling UnlockAndRollback.
................................................................................
** and used as the file to be cached. Temporary files are be deleted
** automatically when they are closed. If zFilename is ":memory:" then 
** all information is held in cache. It is never written to disk. 
** This can be used to implement an in-memory database.
**
** The nExtra parameter specifies the number of bytes of space allocated
** along with each page reference. This space is available to the user
** via the sqlite3PagerGetExtra() API.


**
** The flags argument is used to specify properties that affect the
** operation of the pager. It should be passed some bitwise combination
** of the PAGER_* flags.
**
** The vfsFlags parameter is a bitmask to pass to the flags parameter
** of the xOpen() method of the supplied VFS when opening files. 
................................................................................
    assert( pPager->memDb==0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, &szPageDflt, -1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }

  /* Initialize the PCache object. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( nExtra<1000 );
    nExtra = ROUND8(nExtra);

    rc = sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb,
                       !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);
  }

  /* If an error occurred above, free the  Pager structure and close the file.
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF;
  }else if( memDb ){
    pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY;
  }
  /* pPager->xBusyHandler = 0; */
  /* pPager->pBusyHandlerArg = 0; */
  pPager->xReiniter = xReinit;

  /* memset(pPager->aHash, 0, sizeof(pPager->aHash)); */
  /* pPager->szMmap = SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE // will be set by btree.c */

  *ppPager = pPager;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
static void pagerUnlockIfUnused(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->nMmapOut==0 && (sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0) ){
    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
}

/*
** Acquire a reference to page number pgno in pager pPager (a page
** reference has type DbPage*). If the requested reference is 
** successfully obtained, it is copied to *ppPage and SQLITE_OK returned.
**







** If the requested page is already in the cache, it is returned. 
** Otherwise, a new page object is allocated and populated with data
** read from the database file. In some cases, the pcache module may
** choose not to allocate a new page object and may reuse an existing
** object with no outstanding references.
**
** The extra data appended to a page is always initialized to zeros the 
** first time a page is loaded into memory. If the page requested is 
** already in the cache when this function is called, then the extra
** data is left as it was when the page object was last used.
**
** If the database image is smaller than the requested page or if a 
** non-zero value is passed as the noContent parameter and the 
** requested page is not already stored in the cache, then no 
** actual disk read occurs. In this case the memory image of the 
** page is initialized to all zeros. 
**
** If noContent is true, it means that we do not care about the contents
** of the page. This occurs in two scenarios:
**
**   a) When reading a free-list leaf page from the database, and
**
**   b) When a savepoint is being rolled back and we need to load
**      a new page into the cache to be filled with the data read
**      from the savepoint journal.
**
** If noContent is true, then the data returned is zeroed instead of
** being read from the database. Additionally, the bits corresponding
** to pgno in Pager.pInJournal (bitvec of pages already written to the
** journal file) and the PagerSavepoint.pInSavepoint bitvecs of any open
** savepoints are set. This means if the page is made writable at any
** point in the future, using a call to sqlite3PagerWrite(), its contents
** will not be journaled. This saves IO.
**
** The acquisition might fail for several reasons.  In all cases,
................................................................................
** to find a page in the in-memory cache first.  If the page is not already
** in memory, this routine goes to disk to read it in whereas Lookup()
** just returns 0.  This routine acquires a read-lock the first time it
** has to go to disk, and could also playback an old journal if necessary.
** Since Lookup() never goes to disk, it never has to deal with locks
** or journal files.
*/
int sqlite3PagerGet(
  Pager *pPager,      /* The pager open on the database file */
  Pgno pgno,          /* Page number to fetch */
  DbPage **ppPage,    /* Write a pointer to the page here */
  int flags           /* PAGER_GET_XXX flags */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  PgHdr *pPg = 0;
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Frame to read from WAL file */
  const int noContent = (flags & PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT);

  /* It is acceptable to use a read-only (mmap) page for any page except
  ** page 1 if there is no write-transaction open or the ACQUIRE_READONLY
  ** flag was specified by the caller. And so long as the db is not a 
  ** temporary or in-memory database.  */
  const int bMmapOk = (pgno>1 && USEFETCH(pPager)
   && (pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || (flags & PAGER_GET_READONLY))
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
   && pPager->xCodec==0
#endif
  );

  /* Optimization note:  Adding the "pgno<=1" term before "pgno==0" here
  ** allows the compiler optimizer to reuse the results of the "pgno>1"
  ** test in the previous statement, and avoid testing pgno==0 in the
  ** common case where pgno is large. */
  if( pgno<=1 && pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( noContent==0 || bMmapOk==0 );

  assert( pPager->hasHeldSharedLock==1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CONCURRENT
  /* If this is an CONCURRENT transaction and the page being read was
  ** present in the database file when the transaction was opened,
  ** mark it as read in the pAllRead vector.  */
  if( pPager->pAllRead && pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
    rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pAllRead, pgno);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
  }
#endif

  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pgno, &iFrame);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    if( bMmapOk && iFrame==0 ){
      void *pData = 0;

      rc = sqlite3OsFetch(pPager->fd, 
          (i64)(pgno-1) * pPager->pageSize, pPager->pageSize, &pData
      );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pData ){
        if( pPager->eState>PAGER_READER || pPager->tempFile ){
          pPg = sqlite3PagerLookup(pPager, pgno);
        }
        if( pPg==0 ){
          rc = pagerAcquireMapPage(pPager, pgno, pData, &pPg);
        }else{
          sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, (i64)(pgno-1)*pPager->pageSize, pData);
        }
        if( pPg ){
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
          *ppPage = pPg;
          return SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
    }

    {
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pBase;
      pBase = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 3);
      if( pBase==0 ){

        rc = sqlite3PcacheFetchStress(pPager->pPCache, pgno, &pBase);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
        if( pBase==0 ){
          pPg = *ppPage = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
          goto pager_acquire_err;
        }
      }
      pPg = *ppPage = sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pBase);
      assert( pPg!=0 );
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Either the call to sqlite3PcacheFetch() returned an error or the
    ** pager was already in the error-state when this function was called.
    ** Set pPg to 0 and jump to the exception handler.  */
    pPg = 0;
    goto pager_acquire_err;
  }
  assert( pPg==(*ppPage) );
  assert( pPg->pgno==pgno );
  assert( pPg->pPager==pPager || pPg->pPager==0 );


  if( pPg->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    pPager->aStat[PAGER_STAT_HIT]++;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */

    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }



    assert( !isOpen(pPager->fd) || !MEMDB );
    if( !isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->dbSize<pgno || noContent ){
      if( pgno>pPager->mxPgno ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
................................................................................
        TESTONLY( rc = ) addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pgno);
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      }
      memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
      IOTRACE(("ZERO %p %d\n", pPager, pgno));
    }else{

      if( pagerUseWal(pPager) && bMmapOk==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pgno, &iFrame);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
      assert( pPg->pPager==pPager );
      pPager->aStat[PAGER_STAT_MISS]++;
      rc = readDbPage(pPg, iFrame);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
    }
    pager_set_pagehash(pPg);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;

pager_acquire_err:
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( pPg ){
    sqlite3PcacheDrop(pPg);
  }
  pagerUnlockIfUnused(pPager);












































  *ppPage = 0;
  return rc;























































}

/*
** Acquire a page if it is already in the in-memory cache.  Do
** not read the page from disk.  Return a pointer to the page,
** or 0 if the page is not in cache. 
**
................................................................................
** as appropriate. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3PagerWrite(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  assert( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_MMAP)==0 );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    return pPager->errCode;
  }else if( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_WRITEABLE)!=0 && pPager->dbSize>=pPg->pgno ){
    if( pPager->nSavepoint ) return subjournalPageIfRequired(pPg);
    return SQLITE_OK;


  }else if( pPager->sectorSize > (u32)pPager->pageSize ){
    assert( pPager->tempFile==0 );
    return pagerWriteLargeSector(pPg);
  }else{
    return pager_write(pPg);
  }
}
................................................................................
    if( !MEMDB && eState>PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      /* This can happen using journal_mode=off. Move the pager to the error 
      ** state to indicate that the contents of the cache may not be trusted.
      ** Any active readers will get SQLITE_ABORT.
      */
      pPager->errCode = SQLITE_ABORT;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;

      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    rc = pager_playback(pPager, 0);
  }

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || rc!=SQLITE_OK );
................................................................................
** then savepoint iSavepoint is also destroyed.
**
** This function may return SQLITE_NOMEM if a memory allocation fails,
** or an IO error code if an IO error occurs while rolling back a 
** savepoint. If no errors occur, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/ 
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint){
  int rc = pPager->errCode;       /* Return code */





  assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( iSavepoint>=0 || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iSavepoint<pPager->nSavepoint ){
    int ii;            /* Iterator variable */
    int nNew;          /* Number of remaining savepoints after this op. */
................................................................................
    ** the database file, so the playback operation can be skipped.
    */
    else if( pagerUseWal(pPager) || isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      PagerSavepoint *pSavepoint = (nNew==0)?0:&pPager->aSavepoint[nNew-1];
      rc = pagerPlaybackSavepoint(pPager, pSavepoint);
      assert(rc!=SQLITE_DONE);
    }















  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the database file.
................................................................................
  void *pCodec
){
  if( pPager->xCodecFree ) pPager->xCodecFree(pPager->pCodec);
  pPager->xCodec = pPager->memDb ? 0 : xCodec;
  pPager->xCodecSizeChng = xCodecSizeChng;
  pPager->xCodecFree = xCodecFree;
  pPager->pCodec = pCodec;

  pagerReportSize(pPager);
}
void *sqlite3PagerGetCodec(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->pCodec;
}

/*
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called when the user invokes "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint",
** "PRAGMA wal_blocking_checkpoint" or calls the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint()
** or wal_blocking_checkpoint() API functions.
**
** Parameter eMode is one of SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int eMode, int *pnLog, int *pnCkpt){






  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pPager->pWal, eMode,
        (eMode==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ? 0 : pPager->xBusyHandler),
        pPager->pBusyHandlerArg,
        pPager->ckptSyncFlags, pPager->pageSize, (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace,
        pnLog, pnCkpt
    );
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
** to switching from WAL to rollback mode.
**
** Before closing the log file, this function attempts to take an 
** EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. If this cannot be obtained, an
** error (SQLITE_BUSY) is returned and the log connection is not closed.
** If successful, the EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );

  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
................................................................................
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){
    rc = pagerExclusiveLock(pPager);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal, pPager->ckptSyncFlags,
                           pPager->pageSize, (u8*)pPager->pTmpSpace);
      pPager->pWal = 0;
      pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);
      if( rc && !pPager->exclusiveMode ) pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(pPager->pWal, pSnapshot);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}














#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** A read-lock must be held on the pager when this function is called. If
** the pager is in WAL mode and the WAL file currently contains one or more







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....
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....
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....
6108
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6115
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int aStat[3];               /* Total cache hits, misses and writes */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nRead;                  /* Database pages read */
#endif
  void (*xReiniter)(DbPage*); /* Call this routine when reloading pages */
  int (*xGet)(Pager*,Pgno,DbPage**,int); /* Routine to fetch a patch */
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
  void *pCodec;               /* First argument to xCodec... methods */
#endif
  char *pTmpSpace;            /* Pager.pageSize bytes of space for tmp use */
................................................................................
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
  return (pPager->pWal!=0);
}
# define pagerUseWal(x) sqlite3PagerUseWal(x)
#else
# define pagerUseWal(x) 0
# define pagerRollbackWal(x) 0
# define pagerWalFrames(v,w,x,y) 0
# define pagerOpenWalIfPresent(z) SQLITE_OK
# define pagerBeginReadTransaction(z) SQLITE_OK
#endif
................................................................................
      , p->journalOff, p->journalHdr
      , (int)p->dbSize, (int)p->dbOrigSize, (int)p->dbFileSize
  );

  return zRet;
}
#endif

/* Forward references to the various page getters */
static int getPageNormal(Pager*,Pgno,DbPage**,int);
static int getPageError(Pager*,Pgno,DbPage**,int);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int getPageMMap(Pager*,Pgno,DbPage**,int);
#endif

/*
** Set the Pager.xGet method for the appropriate routine used to fetch
** content from the pager.
*/
static void setGetterMethod(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    pPager->xGet = getPageError;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  }else if( USEFETCH(pPager)
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
   && pPager->xCodec==0
#endif
  ){
    pPager->xGet = getPageMMap;
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */
  }else{
    pPager->xGet = getPageNormal;
  }
}

/*
** Return true if it is necessary to write page *pPg into the sub-journal.
** A page needs to be written into the sub-journal if there exists one
** or more open savepoints for which:
**
**   * The page-number is less than or equal to PagerSavepoint.nOrig, and
................................................................................
      pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }else{
      pPager->eState = (isOpen(pPager->jfd) ? PAGER_OPEN : PAGER_READER);
    }
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    setGetterMethod(pPager);
  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

................................................................................
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_FULL ||
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK ||
       (pPager->errCode & 0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR
  );
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
    setGetterMethod(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}

static int pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage);

/*
................................................................................
    }
  }
#endif

  pagerFreeBitvecs(pPager);
  pPager->nRec = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( MEMDB || pagerFlushOnCommit(pPager, bCommit) ){
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
    }else{
      sqlite3PcacheClearWritable(pPager->pPCache);
    }
    sqlite3PcacheTruncate(pPager->pPCache, pPager->dbSize);
  }

................................................................................
static void pagerFixMaplimit(Pager *pPager){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
  if( isOpen(fd) && fd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
    sz = pPager->szMmap;
    pPager->bUseFetch = (sz>0);
    setGetterMethod(pPager);
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Change the maximum size of any memory mapping made of the database file.
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &pPager->journalHdr);
  }
  return rc;
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Obtain a reference to a memory mapped page object for page number pgno. 
** The new object will use the pointer pData, obtained from xFetch().
** If successful, set *ppPage to point to the new page reference
** and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an SQLite error code and set
** *ppPage to zero.
**
................................................................................
){
  PgHdr *p;                       /* Memory mapped page to return */
  
  if( pPager->pMmapFreelist ){
    *ppPage = p = pPager->pMmapFreelist;
    pPager->pMmapFreelist = p->pDirty;
    p->pDirty = 0;
    assert( pPager->nExtra>=8 );
    memset(p->pExtra, 0, 8);
  }else{
    *ppPage = p = (PgHdr *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(PgHdr) + pPager->nExtra);
    if( p==0 ){
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, (i64)(pgno-1) * pPager->pageSize, pData);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }
    p->pExtra = (void *)&p[1];
................................................................................

  p->pgno = pgno;
  p->pData = pData;
  pPager->nMmapOut++;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Release a reference to page pPg. pPg must have been returned by an 
** earlier call to pagerAcquireMapPage().
*/
static void pagerReleaseMapPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
................................................................................
** result in a coredump.
**
** This function always succeeds. If a transaction is active an attempt
** is made to roll it back. If an error occurs during the rollback 
** a hot journal may be left in the filesystem but no error is returned
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager, sqlite3 *db){
  u8 *pTmp = (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace;

  assert( db || pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  disable_simulated_io_errors();
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  pagerFreeMapHdrs(pPager);
  /* pPager->errCode = 0; */
  pPager->exclusiveMode = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  assert( db || pPager->pWal==0 );
  sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal, db, pPager->ckptSyncFlags, pPager->pageSize,
      (db && (db->flags & SQLITE_NoCkptOnClose) ? 0 : pTmp)
  );
  pPager->pWal = 0;
#endif
  pager_reset(pPager);
  if( MEMDB ){
    pager_unlock(pPager);
  }else{
    /* If it is open, sync the journal file before calling UnlockAndRollback.
................................................................................
** and used as the file to be cached. Temporary files are be deleted
** automatically when they are closed. If zFilename is ":memory:" then 
** all information is held in cache. It is never written to disk. 
** This can be used to implement an in-memory database.
**
** The nExtra parameter specifies the number of bytes of space allocated
** along with each page reference. This space is available to the user
** via the sqlite3PagerGetExtra() API.  When a new page is allocated, the
** first 8 bytes of this space are zeroed but the remainder is uninitialized.
** (The extra space is used by btree as the MemPage object.)
**
** The flags argument is used to specify properties that affect the
** operation of the pager. It should be passed some bitwise combination
** of the PAGER_* flags.
**
** The vfsFlags parameter is a bitmask to pass to the flags parameter
** of the xOpen() method of the supplied VFS when opening files. 
................................................................................
    assert( pPager->memDb==0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, &szPageDflt, -1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }

  /* Initialize the PCache object. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    nExtra = ROUND8(nExtra);
    assert( nExtra>=8 && nExtra<1000 );
    rc = sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb,
                       !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);
  }

  /* If an error occurred above, free the  Pager structure and close the file.
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF;
  }else if( memDb ){
    pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY;
  }
  /* pPager->xBusyHandler = 0; */
  /* pPager->pBusyHandlerArg = 0; */
  pPager->xReiniter = xReinit;
  setGetterMethod(pPager);
  /* memset(pPager->aHash, 0, sizeof(pPager->aHash)); */
  /* pPager->szMmap = SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE // will be set by btree.c */

  *ppPager = pPager;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
static void pagerUnlockIfUnused(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->nMmapOut==0 && (sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0) ){
    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
}

/*
** The page getter methods each try to acquire a reference to a
** page with page number pgno. If the requested reference is 
** successfully obtained, it is copied to *ppPage and SQLITE_OK returned.
**
** There are different implementations of the getter method depending
** on the current state of the pager.
**
**     getPageNormal()         --  The normal getter
**     getPageError()          --  Used if the pager is in an error state
**     getPageMmap()           --  Used if memory-mapped I/O is enabled
**
** If the requested page is already in the cache, it is returned. 
** Otherwise, a new page object is allocated and populated with data
** read from the database file. In some cases, the pcache module may
** choose not to allocate a new page object and may reuse an existing
** object with no outstanding references.
**
** The extra data appended to a page is always initialized to zeros the 
** first time a page is loaded into memory. If the page requested is 
** already in the cache when this function is called, then the extra
** data is left as it was when the page object was last used.
**
** If the database image is smaller than the requested page or if 
** the flags parameter contains the PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT bit and the 
** requested page is not already stored in the cache, then no 
** actual disk read occurs. In this case the memory image of the 
** page is initialized to all zeros. 
**
** If PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT is true, it means that we do not care about
** the contents of the page. This occurs in two scenarios:
**
**   a) When reading a free-list leaf page from the database, and
**
**   b) When a savepoint is being rolled back and we need to load
**      a new page into the cache to be filled with the data read
**      from the savepoint journal.
**
** If PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT is true, then the data returned is zeroed instead
** of being read from the database. Additionally, the bits corresponding
** to pgno in Pager.pInJournal (bitvec of pages already written to the
** journal file) and the PagerSavepoint.pInSavepoint bitvecs of any open
** savepoints are set. This means if the page is made writable at any
** point in the future, using a call to sqlite3PagerWrite(), its contents
** will not be journaled. This saves IO.
**
** The acquisition might fail for several reasons.  In all cases,
................................................................................
** to find a page in the in-memory cache first.  If the page is not already
** in memory, this routine goes to disk to read it in whereas Lookup()
** just returns 0.  This routine acquires a read-lock the first time it
** has to go to disk, and could also playback an old journal if necessary.
** Since Lookup() never goes to disk, it never has to deal with locks
** or journal files.
*/
static int getPageNormal(
  Pager *pPager,      /* The pager open on the database file */
  Pgno pgno,          /* Page number to fetch */
  DbPage **ppPage,    /* Write a pointer to the page here */
  int flags           /* PAGER_GET_XXX flags */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  PgHdr *pPg;
  u8 noContent;                   /* True if PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT is set */
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pBase;

  assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );

















  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );


  assert( pPager->hasHeldSharedLock==1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CONCURRENT
  /* If this is an CONCURRENT transaction and the page being read was
  ** present in the database file when the transaction was opened,
  ** mark it as read in the pAllRead vector.  */
  if( pPager->pAllRead && pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
    rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pAllRead, pgno);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
  }
#endif






























  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;









  pBase = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 3);
  if( pBase==0 ){
    pPg = 0;
    rc = sqlite3PcacheFetchStress(pPager->pPCache, pgno, &pBase);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
    if( pBase==0 ){

      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }
  }
  pPg = *ppPage = sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pBase);











  assert( pPg==(*ppPage) );
  assert( pPg->pgno==pgno );
  assert( pPg->pPager==pPager || pPg->pPager==0 );

  noContent = (flags & PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT)!=0;
  if( pPg->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    pPager->aStat[PAGER_STAT_HIT]++;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized. But first some error checks:
    **
    ** (1) The maximum page number is 2^31
    ** (2) Never try to fetch the locking page
    */

    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    assert( !isOpen(pPager->fd) || !MEMDB );
    if( !isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->dbSize<pgno || noContent ){
      if( pgno>pPager->mxPgno ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
................................................................................
        TESTONLY( rc = ) addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pgno);
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      }
      memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
      IOTRACE(("ZERO %p %d\n", pPager, pgno));
    }else{
      u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Frame to read from WAL file */