/ Check-in [d0d1e7cd]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Copy fts1/ to fts2/, changing reference from fts1 to fts2. For future reference, the source versions copied were:

README.txt r1.1 fts1.c r1.37 fts1.h r1.2 fts1_hash.c r1.1 fts1_hash.h r1.1 fts1_porter.c r1.1 fts1_tokenizer.h r1.4 fts1_tokenizer1.c r1.6 (CVS 3471)

Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:d0d1e7cdcc1dd085f1e359ce35c441699d517b02
User & Date: shess 2006-10-10 17:37:14
Context
2006-10-10
23:22
Fix leaky symbols. With this change, fts1 and fts2 can both be statically linked. (CVS 3472) check-in: 5e8bbb85 user: shess tags: trunk
17:37
Copy fts1/ to fts2/, changing reference from fts1 to fts2. For future reference, the source versions copied were:

README.txt r1.1 fts1.c r1.37 fts1.h r1.2 fts1_hash.c r1.1 fts1_hash.h r1.1 fts1_porter.c r1.1 fts1_tokenizer.h r1.4 fts1_tokenizer1.c r1.6 (CVS 3471) check-in: d0d1e7cd user: shess tags: trunk

13:07
VACUUM now uses a temporary file in the official TEMP folder instead of a file in the same directory as the original database. (CVS 3470) check-in: b743429d user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Added ext/fts2/README.txt.









>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
This folder contains source code to the second full-text search
extension for SQLite.  While the API is the same, this version uses a
substantially different storage schema from fts1, so tables will need
to be rebuilt.

Added ext/fts2/fts2.c.

































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
3093
3094
3095
3096
3097
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
3228
3229
3230
3231
3232
3233
3234
3235
3236
3237
3238
3239
3240
3241
3242
3243
3244
3245
3246
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
/* The author disclaims copyright to this source code.
 *
 * This is an SQLite module implementing full-text search.
 */

/*
** The code in this file is only compiled if:
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built as an extension
**       (in which case SQLITE_CORE is not defined), or
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built into the core of
**       SQLite (in which case SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2 is defined).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2) && !defined(SQLITE_CORE)
# define SQLITE_CORE 1
#endif

#include <assert.h>
#if !defined(__APPLE__)
#include <malloc.h>
#else
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2.h"
#include "fts2_hash.h"
#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1


#if 0
# define TRACE(A)  printf A; fflush(stdout)
#else
# define TRACE(A)
#endif

/* utility functions */

typedef struct StringBuffer {
  int len;      /* length, not including null terminator */
  int alloced;  /* Space allocated for s[] */ 
  char *s;      /* Content of the string */
} StringBuffer;

void initStringBuffer(StringBuffer *sb){
  sb->len = 0;
  sb->alloced = 100;
  sb->s = malloc(100);
  sb->s[0] = '\0';
}

void nappend(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom, int nFrom){
  if( sb->len + nFrom >= sb->alloced ){
    sb->alloced = sb->len + nFrom + 100;
    sb->s = realloc(sb->s, sb->alloced+1);
    if( sb->s==0 ){
      initStringBuffer(sb);
      return;
    }
  }
  memcpy(sb->s + sb->len, zFrom, nFrom);
  sb->len += nFrom;
  sb->s[sb->len] = 0;
}
void append(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom){
  nappend(sb, zFrom, strlen(zFrom));
}

/* We encode variable-length integers in little-endian order using seven bits
 * per byte as follows:
**
** KEY:
**         A = 0xxxxxxx    7 bits of data and one flag bit
**         B = 1xxxxxxx    7 bits of data and one flag bit
**
**  7 bits - A
** 14 bits - BA
** 21 bits - BBA
** and so on.
*/

/* We may need up to VARINT_MAX bytes to store an encoded 64-bit integer. */
#define VARINT_MAX 10

/* Write a 64-bit variable-length integer to memory starting at p[0].
 * The length of data written will be between 1 and VARINT_MAX bytes.
 * The number of bytes written is returned. */
static int putVarint(char *p, sqlite_int64 v){
  unsigned char *q = (unsigned char *) p;
  sqlite_uint64 vu = v;
  do{
    *q++ = (unsigned char) ((vu & 0x7f) | 0x80);
    vu >>= 7;
  }while( vu!=0 );
  q[-1] &= 0x7f;  /* turn off high bit in final byte */
  assert( q - (unsigned char *)p <= VARINT_MAX );
  return (int) (q - (unsigned char *)p);
}

/* Read a 64-bit variable-length integer from memory starting at p[0].
 * Return the number of bytes read, or 0 on error.
 * The value is stored in *v. */
static int getVarint(const char *p, sqlite_int64 *v){
  const unsigned char *q = (const unsigned char *) p;
  sqlite_uint64 x = 0, y = 1;
  while( (*q & 0x80) == 0x80 ){
    x += y * (*q++ & 0x7f);
    y <<= 7;
    if( q - (unsigned char *)p >= VARINT_MAX ){  /* bad data */
      assert( 0 );
      return 0;
    }
  }
  x += y * (*q++);
  *v = (sqlite_int64) x;
  return (int) (q - (unsigned char *)p);
}

static int getVarint32(const char *p, int *pi){
 sqlite_int64 i;
 int ret = getVarint(p, &i);
 *pi = (int) i;
 assert( *pi==i );
 return ret;
}

/*** Document lists ***
 *
 * A document list holds a sorted list of varint-encoded document IDs.
 *
 * A doclist with type DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS is stored like this:
 *
 * array {
 *   varint docid;
 *   array {
 *     varint position;     (delta from previous position plus POS_BASE)
 *     varint startOffset;  (delta from previous startOffset)
 *     varint endOffset;    (delta from startOffset)
 *   }
 * }
 *
 * Here, array { X } means zero or more occurrences of X, adjacent in memory.
 *
 * A position list may hold positions for text in multiple columns.  A position
 * POS_COLUMN is followed by a varint containing the index of the column for
 * following positions in the list.  Any positions appearing before any
 * occurrences of POS_COLUMN are for column 0.
 *
 * A doclist with type DL_POSITIONS is like the above, but holds only docids
 * and positions without offset information.
 *
 * A doclist with type DL_DOCIDS is like the above, but holds only docids
 * without positions or offset information.
 *
 * On disk, every document list has positions and offsets, so we don't bother
 * to serialize a doclist's type.
 * 
 * We don't yet delta-encode document IDs; doing so will probably be a
 * modest win.
 *
 * NOTE(shess) I've thought of a slightly (1%) better offset encoding.
 * After the first offset, estimate the next offset by using the
 * current token position and the previous token position and offset,
 * offset to handle some variance.  So the estimate would be
 * (iPosition*w->iStartOffset/w->iPosition-64), which is delta-encoded
 * as normal.  Offsets more than 64 chars from the estimate are
 * encoded as the delta to the previous start offset + 128.  An
 * additional tiny increment can be gained by using the end offset of
 * the previous token to make the estimate a tiny bit more precise.
*/

typedef enum DocListType {
  DL_DOCIDS,              /* docids only */
  DL_POSITIONS,           /* docids + positions */
  DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS    /* docids + positions + offsets */
} DocListType;

/*
** By default, only positions and not offsets are stored in the doclists.
** To change this so that offsets are stored too, compile with
**
**          -DDL_DEFAULT=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS
**
*/
#ifndef DL_DEFAULT
# define DL_DEFAULT DL_POSITIONS
#endif

typedef struct DocList {
  char *pData;
  int nData;
  DocListType iType;
  int iLastColumn;    /* the last column written */
  int iLastPos;       /* the last position written */
  int iLastOffset;    /* the last start offset written */
} DocList;

enum {
  POS_END = 0,        /* end of this position list */
  POS_COLUMN,         /* followed by new column number */
  POS_BASE
};

/* Initialize a new DocList to hold the given data. */
static void docListInit(DocList *d, DocListType iType,
                        const char *pData, int nData){
  d->nData = nData;
  if( nData>0 ){
    d->pData = malloc(nData);
    memcpy(d->pData, pData, nData);
  } else {
    d->pData = NULL;
  }
  d->iType = iType;
  d->iLastColumn = 0;
  d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
}

/* Create a new dynamically-allocated DocList. */
static DocList *docListNew(DocListType iType){
  DocList *d = (DocList *) malloc(sizeof(DocList));
  docListInit(d, iType, 0, 0);
  return d;
}

static void docListDestroy(DocList *d){
  free(d->pData);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(d, 0x55, sizeof(*d));
#endif
}

static void docListDelete(DocList *d){
  docListDestroy(d);
  free(d);
}

static char *docListEnd(DocList *d){
  return d->pData + d->nData;
}

/* Append a varint to a DocList's data. */
static void appendVarint(DocList *d, sqlite_int64 i){
  char c[VARINT_MAX];
  int n = putVarint(c, i);
  d->pData = realloc(d->pData, d->nData + n);
  memcpy(d->pData + d->nData, c, n);
  d->nData += n;
}

static void docListAddDocid(DocList *d, sqlite_int64 iDocid){
  appendVarint(d, iDocid);
  if( d->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* initially empty position list */
    d->iLastColumn = 0;
    d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
  }
}

/* helper function for docListAddPos and docListAddPosOffset */
static void addPos(DocList *d, int iColumn, int iPos){
  assert( d->nData>0 );
  --d->nData;  /* remove previous terminator */
  if( iColumn!=d->iLastColumn ){
    assert( iColumn>d->iLastColumn );
    appendVarint(d, POS_COLUMN);
    appendVarint(d, iColumn);
    d->iLastColumn = iColumn;
    d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
  }
  assert( iPos>=d->iLastPos );
  appendVarint(d, iPos-d->iLastPos+POS_BASE);
  d->iLastPos = iPos;
}

/* Add a position to the last position list in a doclist. */
static void docListAddPos(DocList *d, int iColumn, int iPos){
  assert( d->iType==DL_POSITIONS );
  addPos(d, iColumn, iPos);
  appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* add new terminator */
}

/*
** Add a position and starting and ending offsets to a doclist.
**
** If the doclist is setup to handle only positions, then insert
** the position only and ignore the offsets.
*/
static void docListAddPosOffset(
  DocList *d,             /* Doclist under construction */
  int iColumn,            /* Column the inserted term is part of */
  int iPos,               /* Position of the inserted term */
  int iStartOffset,       /* Starting offset of inserted term */
  int iEndOffset          /* Ending offset of inserted term */
){
  assert( d->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  addPos(d, iColumn, iPos);
  if( d->iType==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    assert( iStartOffset>=d->iLastOffset );
    appendVarint(d, iStartOffset-d->iLastOffset);
    d->iLastOffset = iStartOffset;
    assert( iEndOffset>=iStartOffset );
    appendVarint(d, iEndOffset-iStartOffset);
  }
  appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* add new terminator */
}

/*
** A DocListReader object is a cursor into a doclist.  Initialize
** the cursor to the beginning of the doclist by calling readerInit().
** Then use routines
**
**      peekDocid()
**      readDocid()
**      readPosition()
**      skipPositionList()
**      and so forth...
**
** to read information out of the doclist.  When we reach the end
** of the doclist, atEnd() returns TRUE.
*/
typedef struct DocListReader {
  DocList *pDoclist;  /* The document list we are stepping through */
  char *p;            /* Pointer to next unread byte in the doclist */
  int iLastColumn;
  int iLastPos;  /* the last position read, or -1 when not in a position list */
} DocListReader;

/*
** Initialize the DocListReader r to point to the beginning of pDoclist.
*/
static void readerInit(DocListReader *r, DocList *pDoclist){
  r->pDoclist = pDoclist;
  if( pDoclist!=NULL ){
    r->p = pDoclist->pData;
  }
  r->iLastColumn = -1;
  r->iLastPos = -1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if we have reached then end of pReader and there is
** nothing else left to read.
*/
static int atEnd(DocListReader *pReader){
  return pReader->pDoclist==0 || (pReader->p >= docListEnd(pReader->pDoclist));
}

/* Peek at the next docid without advancing the read pointer. 
*/
static sqlite_int64 peekDocid(DocListReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 ret;
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );
  assert( pReader->iLastPos==-1 );
  getVarint(pReader->p, &ret);
  return ret;
}

/* Read the next docid.   See also nextDocid().
*/
static sqlite_int64 readDocid(DocListReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 ret;
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );
  assert( pReader->iLastPos==-1 );
  pReader->p += getVarint(pReader->p, &ret);
  if( pReader->pDoclist->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    pReader->iLastColumn = 0;
    pReader->iLastPos = 0;
  }
  return ret;
}

/* Read the next position and column index from a position list.
 * Returns the position, or -1 at the end of the list. */
static int readPosition(DocListReader *pReader, int *iColumn){
  int i;
  int iType = pReader->pDoclist->iType;

  if( pReader->iLastPos==-1 ){
    return -1;
  }
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );

  if( iType<DL_POSITIONS ){
    return -1;
  }
  pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &i);
  if( i==POS_END ){
    pReader->iLastColumn = pReader->iLastPos = -1;
    *iColumn = -1;
    return -1;
  }
  if( i==POS_COLUMN ){
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &pReader->iLastColumn);
    pReader->iLastPos = 0;
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &i);
    assert( i>=POS_BASE );
  }
  pReader->iLastPos += ((int) i)-POS_BASE;
  if( iType>=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    /* Skip over offsets, ignoring them for now. */
    int iStart, iEnd;
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &iStart);
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &iEnd);
  }
  *iColumn = pReader->iLastColumn;
  return pReader->iLastPos;
}

/* Skip past the end of a position list. */
static void skipPositionList(DocListReader *pReader){
  DocList *p = pReader->pDoclist;
  if( p && p->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    int iColumn;
    while( readPosition(pReader, &iColumn)!=-1 ){}
  }
}

/* Skip over a docid, including its position list if the doclist has
 * positions. */
static void skipDocument(DocListReader *pReader){
  readDocid(pReader);
  skipPositionList(pReader);
}

/* Skip past all docids which are less than [iDocid].  Returns 1 if a docid
 * matching [iDocid] was found.  */
static int skipToDocid(DocListReader *pReader, sqlite_int64 iDocid){
  sqlite_int64 d = 0;
  while( !atEnd(pReader) && (d=peekDocid(pReader))<iDocid ){
    skipDocument(pReader);
  }
  return !atEnd(pReader) && d==iDocid;
}

/* Return the first document in a document list.
*/
static sqlite_int64 firstDocid(DocList *d){
  DocListReader r;
  readerInit(&r, d);
  return readDocid(&r);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This routine is used for debugging purpose only.
**
** Write the content of a doclist to standard output.
*/
static void printDoclist(DocList *p){
  DocListReader r;
  const char *zSep = "";

  readerInit(&r, p);
  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 docid = readDocid(&r);
    if( docid==0 ){
      skipPositionList(&r);
      continue;
    }
    printf("%s%lld", zSep, docid);
    zSep =  ",";
    if( p->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
      int iPos, iCol;
      const char *zDiv = "";
      printf("(");
      while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iCol))>=0 ){
        printf("%s%d:%d", zDiv, iCol, iPos);
        zDiv = ":";
      }
      printf(")");
    }
  }
  printf("\n");
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/* Trim the given doclist to contain only positions in column
 * [iRestrictColumn]. */
static void docListRestrictColumn(DocList *in, int iRestrictColumn){
  DocListReader r;
  DocList out;

  assert( in->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  readerInit(&r, in);
  docListInit(&out, DL_POSITIONS, NULL, 0);

  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = readDocid(&r);
    int iPos, iColumn;

    docListAddDocid(&out, iDocid);
    while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iColumn)) != -1 ){
      if( iColumn==iRestrictColumn ){
        docListAddPos(&out, iColumn, iPos);
      }
    }
  }

  docListDestroy(in);
  *in = out;
}

/* Trim the given doclist by discarding any docids without any remaining
 * positions. */
static void docListDiscardEmpty(DocList *in) {
  DocListReader r;
  DocList out;

  /* TODO: It would be nice to implement this operation in place; that
   * could save a significant amount of memory in queries with long doclists. */
  assert( in->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  readerInit(&r, in);
  docListInit(&out, DL_POSITIONS, NULL, 0);

  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = readDocid(&r);
    int match = 0;
    int iPos, iColumn;
    while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iColumn)) != -1 ){
      if( !match ){
        docListAddDocid(&out, iDocid);
        match = 1;
      }
      docListAddPos(&out, iColumn, iPos);
    }
  }

  docListDestroy(in);
  *in = out;
}

/* Helper function for docListUpdate() and docListAccumulate().
** Splices a doclist element into the doclist represented by r,
** leaving r pointing after the newly spliced element.
*/
static void docListSpliceElement(DocListReader *r, sqlite_int64 iDocid,
                                 const char *pSource, int nSource){
  DocList *d = r->pDoclist;
  char *pTarget;
  int nTarget, found;

  found = skipToDocid(r, iDocid);

  /* Describe slice in d to place pSource/nSource. */
  pTarget = r->p;
  if( found ){
    skipDocument(r);
    nTarget = r->p-pTarget;
  }else{
    nTarget = 0;
  }

  /* The sense of the following is that there are three possibilities.
  ** If nTarget==nSource, we should not move any memory nor realloc.
  ** If nTarget>nSource, trim target and realloc.
  ** If nTarget<nSource, realloc then expand target.
  */
  if( nTarget>nSource ){
    memmove(pTarget+nSource, pTarget+nTarget, docListEnd(d)-(pTarget+nTarget));
  }
  if( nTarget!=nSource ){
    int iDoclist = pTarget-d->pData;
    d->pData = realloc(d->pData, d->nData+nSource-nTarget);
    pTarget = d->pData+iDoclist;
  }
  if( nTarget<nSource ){
    memmove(pTarget+nSource, pTarget+nTarget, docListEnd(d)-(pTarget+nTarget));
  }

  memcpy(pTarget, pSource, nSource);
  d->nData += nSource-nTarget;
  r->p = pTarget+nSource;
}

/* Insert/update pUpdate into the doclist. */
static void docListUpdate(DocList *d, DocList *pUpdate){
  DocListReader reader;

  assert( d!=NULL && pUpdate!=NULL );
  assert( d->iType==pUpdate->iType);

  readerInit(&reader, d);
  docListSpliceElement(&reader, firstDocid(pUpdate),
                       pUpdate->pData, pUpdate->nData);
}

/* Propagate elements from pUpdate to pAcc, overwriting elements with
** matching docids.
*/
static void docListAccumulate(DocList *pAcc, DocList *pUpdate){
  DocListReader accReader, updateReader;

  /* Handle edge cases where one doclist is empty. */
  assert( pAcc!=NULL );
  if( pUpdate==NULL || pUpdate->nData==0 ) return;
  if( pAcc->nData==0 ){
    pAcc->pData = malloc(pUpdate->nData);
    memcpy(pAcc->pData, pUpdate->pData, pUpdate->nData);
    pAcc->nData = pUpdate->nData;
    return;
  }

  readerInit(&accReader, pAcc);
  readerInit(&updateReader, pUpdate);

  while( !atEnd(&updateReader) ){
    char *pSource = updateReader.p;
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = readDocid(&updateReader);
    skipPositionList(&updateReader);
    docListSpliceElement(&accReader, iDocid, pSource, updateReader.p-pSource);
  }
}

/*
** Read the next docid off of pIn.  Return 0 if we reach the end.
*
* TODO: This assumes that docids are never 0, but they may actually be 0 since
* users can choose docids when inserting into a full-text table.  Fix this.
*/
static sqlite_int64 nextDocid(DocListReader *pIn){
  skipPositionList(pIn);
  return atEnd(pIn) ? 0 : readDocid(pIn);
}

/*
** pLeft and pRight are two DocListReaders that are pointing to
** positions lists of the same document: iDocid. 
**
** If there are no instances in pLeft or pRight where the position
** of pLeft is one less than the position of pRight, then this
** routine adds nothing to pOut.
**
** If there are one or more instances where positions from pLeft
** are exactly one less than positions from pRight, then add a new
** document record to pOut.  If pOut wants to hold positions, then
** include the positions from pRight that are one more than a
** position in pLeft.  In other words:  pRight.iPos==pLeft.iPos+1.
**
** pLeft and pRight are left pointing at the next document record.
*/
static void mergePosList(
  DocListReader *pLeft,    /* Left position list */
  DocListReader *pRight,   /* Right position list */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid,     /* The docid from pLeft and pRight */
  DocList *pOut            /* Write the merged document record here */
){
  int iLeftCol, iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
  int iRightCol, iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
  int match = 0;

  /* Loop until we've reached the end of both position lists. */
  while( iLeftPos!=-1 && iRightPos!=-1 ){
    if( iLeftCol==iRightCol && iLeftPos+1==iRightPos ){
      if( !match ){
        docListAddDocid(pOut, iDocid);
        match = 1;
      }
      if( pOut->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
        docListAddPos(pOut, iRightCol, iRightPos);
      }
      iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
      iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
    }else if( iRightCol<iLeftCol ||
              (iRightCol==iLeftCol && iRightPos<iLeftPos+1) ){
      iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
    }else{
      iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
    }
  }
  if( iLeftPos>=0 ) skipPositionList(pLeft);
  if( iRightPos>=0 ) skipPositionList(pRight);
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the phrase intersection of these two doclists into pOut.
**
** A phrase intersection means that two documents only match
** if pLeft.iPos+1==pRight.iPos.
**
** The output pOut may or may not contain positions.  If pOut
** does contain positions, they are the positions of pRight.
*/
static void docListPhraseMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }else if( docidRight<docidLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }else{
      mergePosList(&left, &right, docidLeft, pOut);
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the intersection of these two doclists into pOut.
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListAndMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight;

  assert( pOut->iType<DL_POSITIONS );

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }else if( docidRight<docidLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }else{
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the union of these two doclists into pOut.
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListOrMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight, priorLeft;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    }else{
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidRight);
    }
    priorLeft = docidLeft;
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }
    if( docidRight>0 && docidRight<=priorLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
  while( docidLeft>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  }
  while( docidRight>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidRight);
    docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write into pOut all documents that occur in pLeft but not
** in pRight.
**
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListExceptMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight, priorLeft;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    priorLeft = docidLeft;
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    }
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }
    if( docidRight>0 && docidRight<=priorLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
  while( docidLeft>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  }
}

static char *string_dup_n(const char *s, int n){
  char *str = malloc(n + 1);
  memcpy(str, s, n);
  str[n] = '\0';
  return str;
}

/* Duplicate a string; the caller must free() the returned string.
 * (We don't use strdup() since it's not part of the standard C library and
 * may not be available everywhere.) */
static char *string_dup(const char *s){
  return string_dup_n(s, strlen(s));
}

/* Format a string, replacing each occurrence of the % character with
 * zName.  This may be more convenient than sqlite_mprintf()
 * when one string is used repeatedly in a format string.
 * The caller must free() the returned string. */
static char *string_format(const char *zFormat, const char *zName){
  const char *p;
  size_t len = 0;
  size_t nName = strlen(zName);
  char *result;
  char *r;

  /* first compute length needed */
  for(p = zFormat ; *p ; ++p){
    len += (*p=='%' ? nName : 1);
  }
  len += 1;  /* for null terminator */

  r = result = malloc(len);
  for(p = zFormat; *p; ++p){
    if( *p=='%' ){
      memcpy(r, zName, nName);
      r += nName;
    } else {
      *r++ = *p;
    }
  }
  *r++ = '\0';
  assert( r == result + len );
  return result;
}

static int sql_exec(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 sql: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zCommand, NULL, 0, NULL);
  free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

static int sql_prepare(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,
                const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 prepare: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zCommand, -1, ppStmt, NULL);
  free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

/* end utility functions */

/* Forward reference */
typedef struct fulltext_vtab fulltext_vtab;

/* A single term in a query is represented by an instances of
** the following structure.
*/
typedef struct QueryTerm {
  short int nPhrase; /* How many following terms are part of the same phrase */
  short int iPhrase; /* This is the i-th term of a phrase. */
  short int iColumn; /* Column of the index that must match this term */
  signed char isOr;  /* this term is preceded by "OR" */
  signed char isNot; /* this term is preceded by "-" */
  char *pTerm;       /* text of the term.  '\000' terminated.  malloced */
  int nTerm;         /* Number of bytes in pTerm[] */
} QueryTerm;


/* A query string is parsed into a Query structure.
 *
 * We could, in theory, allow query strings to be complicated
 * nested expressions with precedence determined by parentheses.
 * But none of the major search engines do this.  (Perhaps the
 * feeling is that an parenthesized expression is two complex of
 * an idea for the average user to grasp.)  Taking our lead from
 * the major search engines, we will allow queries to be a list
 * of terms (with an implied AND operator) or phrases in double-quotes,
 * with a single optional "-" before each non-phrase term to designate
 * negation and an optional OR connector.
 *
 * OR binds more tightly than the implied AND, which is what the
 * major search engines seem to do.  So, for example:
 * 
 *    [one two OR three]     ==>    one AND (two OR three)
 *    [one OR two three]     ==>    (one OR two) AND three
 *
 * A "-" before a term matches all entries that lack that term.
 * The "-" must occur immediately before the term with in intervening
 * space.  This is how the search engines do it.
 *
 * A NOT term cannot be the right-hand operand of an OR.  If this
 * occurs in the query string, the NOT is ignored:
 *
 *    [one OR -two]          ==>    one OR two
 *
 */
typedef struct Query {
  fulltext_vtab *pFts;  /* The full text index */
  int nTerms;           /* Number of terms in the query */
  QueryTerm *pTerms;    /* Array of terms.  Space obtained from malloc() */
  int nextIsOr;         /* Set the isOr flag on the next inserted term */
  int nextColumn;       /* Next word parsed must be in this column */
  int dfltColumn;       /* The default column */
} Query;


/*
** An instance of the following structure keeps track of generated
** matching-word offset information and snippets.
*/
typedef struct Snippet {
  int nMatch;     /* Total number of matches */
  int nAlloc;     /* Space allocated for aMatch[] */
  struct snippetMatch { /* One entry for each matching term */
    char snStatus;       /* Status flag for use while constructing snippets */
    short int iCol;      /* The column that contains the match */
    short int iTerm;     /* The index in Query.pTerms[] of the matching term */
    short int nByte;     /* Number of bytes in the term */
    int iStart;          /* The offset to the first character of the term */
  } *aMatch;      /* Points to space obtained from malloc */
  char *zOffset;  /* Text rendering of aMatch[] */
  int nOffset;    /* strlen(zOffset) */
  char *zSnippet; /* Snippet text */
  int nSnippet;   /* strlen(zSnippet) */
} Snippet;


typedef enum QueryType {
  QUERY_GENERIC,   /* table scan */
  QUERY_ROWID,     /* lookup by rowid */
  QUERY_FULLTEXT   /* QUERY_FULLTEXT + [i] is a full-text search for column i*/
} QueryType;

/* TODO(shess) CHUNK_MAX controls how much data we allow in segment 0
** before we start aggregating into larger segments.  Lower CHUNK_MAX
** means that for a given input we have more individual segments per
** term, which means more rows in the table and a bigger index (due to
** both more rows and bigger rowids).  But it also reduces the average
** cost of adding new elements to the segment 0 doclist, and it seems
** to reduce the number of pages read and written during inserts.  256
** was chosen by measuring insertion times for a certain input (first
** 10k documents of Enron corpus), though including query performance
** in the decision may argue for a larger value.
*/
#define CHUNK_MAX 256

typedef enum fulltext_statement {
  CONTENT_INSERT_STMT,
  CONTENT_SELECT_STMT,
  CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT,
  CONTENT_DELETE_STMT,

  TERM_SELECT_STMT,
  TERM_SELECT_ALL_STMT,
  TERM_INSERT_STMT,
  TERM_UPDATE_STMT,
  TERM_DELETE_STMT,

  MAX_STMT                     /* Always at end! */
} fulltext_statement;

/* These must exactly match the enum above. */
/* TODO(adam): Is there some risk that a statement (in particular,
** pTermSelectStmt) will be used in two cursors at once, e.g.  if a
** query joins a virtual table to itself?  If so perhaps we should
** move some of these to the cursor object.
*/
static const char *const fulltext_zStatement[MAX_STMT] = {
  /* CONTENT_INSERT */ NULL,  /* generated in contentInsertStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_SELECT */ "select * from %_content where rowid = ?",
  /* CONTENT_UPDATE */ NULL,  /* generated in contentUpdateStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_DELETE */ "delete from %_content where rowid = ?",

  /* TERM_SELECT */
  "select rowid, doclist from %_term where term = ? and segment = ?",
  /* TERM_SELECT_ALL */
  "select doclist from %_term where term = ? order by segment",
  /* TERM_INSERT */
  "insert into %_term (rowid, term, segment, doclist) values (?, ?, ?, ?)",
  /* TERM_UPDATE */ "update %_term set doclist = ? where rowid = ?",
  /* TERM_DELETE */ "delete from %_term where rowid = ?",
};

/*
** A connection to a fulltext index is an instance of the following
** structure.  The xCreate and xConnect methods create an instance
** of this structure and xDestroy and xDisconnect free that instance.
** All other methods receive a pointer to the structure as one of their
** arguments.
*/
struct fulltext_vtab {
  sqlite3_vtab base;               /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  sqlite3 *db;                     /* The database connection */
  const char *zName;               /* virtual table name */
  int nColumn;                     /* number of columns in virtual table */
  char **azColumn;                 /* column names.  malloced */
  char **azContentColumn;          /* column names in content table; malloced */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;   /* tokenizer for inserts and queries */

  /* Precompiled statements which we keep as long as the table is
  ** open.
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *pFulltextStatements[MAX_STMT];
};

/*
** When the core wants to do a query, it create a cursor using a
** call to xOpen.  This structure is an instance of a cursor.  It
** is destroyed by xClose.
*/
typedef struct fulltext_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;        /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  QueryType iCursorType;           /* Copy of sqlite3_index_info.idxNum */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;             /* Prepared statement in use by the cursor */
  int eof;                         /* True if at End Of Results */
  Query q;                         /* Parsed query string */
  Snippet snippet;                 /* Cached snippet for the current row */
  int iColumn;                     /* Column being searched */
  DocListReader result;  /* used when iCursorType == QUERY_FULLTEXT */ 
} fulltext_cursor;

static struct fulltext_vtab *cursor_vtab(fulltext_cursor *c){
  return (fulltext_vtab *) c->base.pVtab;
}

static const sqlite3_module fulltextModule;   /* forward declaration */

/* Append a list of strings separated by commas to a StringBuffer. */
static void appendList(StringBuffer *sb, int nString, char **azString){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nString; ++i){
    if( i>0 ) append(sb, ", ");
    append(sb, azString[i]);
  }
}

/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   insert into %_content (rowid, ...) values (?, ...)
 */
static const char *contentInsertStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
  StringBuffer sb;
  int i;

  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  append(&sb, "insert into %_content (rowid, ");
  appendList(&sb, v->nColumn, v->azContentColumn);
  append(&sb, ") values (?");
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i)
    append(&sb, ", ?");
  append(&sb, ")");
  return sb.s;
}

/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   update %_content set [col_0] = ?, [col_1] = ?, ...
 *                    where rowid = ?
 */
static const char *contentUpdateStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
  StringBuffer sb;
  int i;

  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  append(&sb, "update %_content set ");
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i) {
    if( i>0 ){
      append(&sb, ", ");
    }
    append(&sb, v->azContentColumn[i]);
    append(&sb, " = ?");
  }
  append(&sb, " where rowid = ?");
  return sb.s;
}

/* Puts a freshly-prepared statement determined by iStmt in *ppStmt.
** If the indicated statement has never been prepared, it is prepared
** and cached, otherwise the cached version is reset.
*/
static int sql_get_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, fulltext_statement iStmt,
                             sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  assert( iStmt<MAX_STMT );
  if( v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]==NULL ){
    const char *zStmt;
    int rc;
    switch( iStmt ){
      case CONTENT_INSERT_STMT:
        zStmt = contentInsertStatement(v); break;
      case CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT:
        zStmt = contentUpdateStatement(v); break;
      default:
        zStmt = fulltext_zStatement[iStmt];
    }
    rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zName, &v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt],
                         zStmt);
    if( zStmt != fulltext_zStatement[iStmt]) free((void *) zStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  } else {
    int rc = sqlite3_reset(v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  *ppStmt = v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt];
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Step the indicated statement, handling errors SQLITE_BUSY (by
** retrying) and SQLITE_SCHEMA (by re-preparing and transferring
** bindings to the new statement).
** TODO(adam): We should extend this function so that it can work with
** statements declared locally, not only globally cached statements.
*/
static int sql_step_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, fulltext_statement iStmt,
                              sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *s = *ppStmt;
  assert( iStmt<MAX_STMT );
  assert( s==v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt] );

  while( (rc=sqlite3_step(s))!=SQLITE_DONE && rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pNewStmt;

    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ) continue;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ERROR ) return rc;

    rc = sqlite3_reset(s);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_SCHEMA ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

    v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt] = NULL;   /* Still in s */
    rc = sql_get_statement(v, iStmt, &pNewStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
    *ppStmt = pNewStmt;

    rc = sqlite3_transfer_bindings(s, pNewStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

    rc = sqlite3_finalize(s);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    s = pNewStmt;
  }
  return rc;

 err:
  sqlite3_finalize(s);
  return rc;
}

/* Like sql_step_statement(), but convert SQLITE_DONE to SQLITE_OK.
** Useful for statements like UPDATE, where we expect no results.
*/
static int sql_single_step_statement(fulltext_vtab *v,
                                     fulltext_statement iStmt,
                                     sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  int rc = sql_step_statement(v, iStmt, ppStmt);
  return (rc==SQLITE_DONE) ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
}

/* insert into %_content (rowid, ...) values ([rowid], [pValues]) */
static int content_insert(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite3_value *rowid,
                          sqlite3_value **pValues){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int i;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, CONTENT_INSERT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_value(s, 1, rowid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(s, 2+i, pValues[i]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, CONTENT_INSERT_STMT, &s);
}

/* update %_content set col0 = pValues[0], col1 = pValues[1], ...
 *                  where rowid = [iRowid] */
static int content_update(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite3_value **pValues,
                          sqlite_int64 iRowid){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int i;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(s, 1+i, pValues[i]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1+v->nColumn, iRowid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT, &s);
}

void freeStringArray(int nString, const char **pString){
  int i;

  for (i=0 ; i < nString ; ++i) {
    free((void *) pString[i]);
  }
  free((void *) pString);
}

/* select * from %_content where rowid = [iRow]
 * The caller must delete the returned array and all strings in it.
 *
 * TODO: Perhaps we should return pointer/length strings here for consistency
 * with other code which uses pointer/length. */
static int content_select(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRow,
                          const char ***pValues){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  const char **values;
  int i;
  int rc;

  *pValues = NULL;

  rc = sql_get_statement(v, CONTENT_SELECT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sql_step_statement(v, CONTENT_SELECT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  values = (const char **) malloc(v->nColumn * sizeof(const char *));
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i){
    values[i] = string_dup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(s, i));
  }

  /* We expect only one row.  We must execute another sqlite3_step()
   * to complete the iteration; otherwise the table will remain locked. */
  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    *pValues = values;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  freeStringArray(v->nColumn, values);
  return rc;
}

/* delete from %_content where rowid = [iRow ] */
static int content_delete(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRow){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, CONTENT_DELETE_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, CONTENT_DELETE_STMT, &s);
}

/* select rowid, doclist from %_term
 *  where term = [pTerm] and segment = [iSegment]
 * If found, returns SQLITE_ROW; the caller must free the
 * returned doclist.  If no rows found, returns SQLITE_DONE. */
static int term_select(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                       int iSegment,
                       sqlite_int64 *rowid, DocList *out){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, TERM_SELECT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_text(s, 1, pTerm, nTerm, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 2, iSegment);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sql_step_statement(v, TERM_SELECT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  *rowid = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 0);
  docListInit(out, DL_DEFAULT,
              sqlite3_column_blob(s, 1), sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 1));

  /* We expect only one row.  We must execute another sqlite3_step()
   * to complete the iteration; otherwise the table will remain locked. */
  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  return rc==SQLITE_DONE ? SQLITE_ROW : rc;
}

/* Load the segment doclists for term pTerm and merge them in
** appropriate order into out.  Returns SQLITE_OK if successful.  If
** there are no segments for pTerm, successfully returns an empty
** doclist in out.
**
** Each document consists of 1 or more "columns".  The number of
** columns is v->nColumn.  If iColumn==v->nColumn, then return
** position information about all columns.  If iColumn<v->nColumn,
** then only return position information about the iColumn-th column
** (where the first column is 0).
*/
static int term_select_all(
  fulltext_vtab *v,     /* The fulltext index we are querying against */
  int iColumn,          /* If <nColumn, only look at the iColumn-th column */
  const char *pTerm,    /* The term whose posting lists we want */
  int nTerm,            /* Number of bytes in pTerm */
  DocList *out          /* Write the resulting doclist here */
){
  DocList doclist;
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, TERM_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_text(s, 1, pTerm, nTerm, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  docListInit(&doclist, DL_DEFAULT, 0, 0);

  /* TODO(shess) Handle schema and busy errors. */
  while( (rc=sql_step_statement(v, TERM_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    DocList old;

    /* TODO(shess) If we processed doclists from oldest to newest, we
    ** could skip the malloc() involved with the following call.  For
    ** now, I'd rather keep this logic similar to index_insert_term().
    ** We could additionally drop elements when we see deletes, but
    ** that would require a distinct version of docListAccumulate().
    */
    docListInit(&old, DL_DEFAULT,
                sqlite3_column_blob(s, 0), sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 0));

    if( iColumn<v->nColumn ){   /* querying a single column */
      docListRestrictColumn(&old, iColumn);
    }

    /* doclist contains the newer data, so write it over old.  Then
    ** steal accumulated result for doclist.
    */
    docListAccumulate(&old, &doclist);
    docListDestroy(&doclist);
    doclist = old;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    docListDestroy(&doclist);
    return rc;
  }

  docListDiscardEmpty(&doclist);
  *out = doclist;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* insert into %_term (rowid, term, segment, doclist)
               values ([piRowid], [pTerm], [iSegment], [doclist])
** Lets sqlite select rowid if piRowid is NULL, else uses *piRowid.
**
** NOTE(shess) piRowid is IN, with values of "space of int64" plus
** null, it is not used to pass data back to the caller.
*/
static int term_insert(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 *piRowid,
                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                       int iSegment, DocList *doclist){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, TERM_INSERT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  if( piRowid==NULL ){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_null(s, 1);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, *piRowid);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_text(s, 2, pTerm, nTerm, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 3, iSegment);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_blob(s, 4, doclist->pData, doclist->nData, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, TERM_INSERT_STMT, &s);
}

/* update %_term set doclist = [doclist] where rowid = [rowid] */
static int term_update(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 rowid,
                       DocList *doclist){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, TERM_UPDATE_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_blob(s, 1, doclist->pData, doclist->nData, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 2, rowid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, TERM_UPDATE_STMT, &s);
}

static int term_delete(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 rowid){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, TERM_DELETE_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, rowid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step_statement(v, TERM_DELETE_STMT, &s);
}

/*
** Free the memory used to contain a fulltext_vtab structure.
*/
static void fulltext_vtab_destroy(fulltext_vtab *v){
  int iStmt, i;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Destroy %p\n", v));
  for( iStmt=0; iStmt<MAX_STMT; iStmt++ ){
    if( v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]!=NULL ){
      sqlite3_finalize(v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]);
      v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt] = NULL;
    }
  }

  if( v->pTokenizer!=NULL ){
    v->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(v->pTokenizer);
    v->pTokenizer = NULL;
  }
  
  free(v->azColumn);
  for(i = 0; i < v->nColumn; ++i) {
    sqlite3_free(v->azContentColumn[i]);
  }
  free(v->azContentColumn);
  free(v);
}

/*
** Token types for parsing the arguments to xConnect or xCreate.
*/
#define TOKEN_EOF         0    /* End of file */
#define TOKEN_SPACE       1    /* Any kind of whitespace */
#define TOKEN_ID          2    /* An identifier */
#define TOKEN_STRING      3    /* A string literal */
#define TOKEN_PUNCT       4    /* A single punctuation character */

/*
** If X is a character that can be used in an identifier then
** IdChar(X) will be true.  Otherwise it is false.
**
** For ASCII, any character with the high-order bit set is
** allowed in an identifier.  For 7-bit characters, 
** sqlite3IsIdChar[X] must be 1.
**
** Ticket #1066.  the SQL standard does not allow '$' in the
** middle of identfiers.  But many SQL implementations do. 
** SQLite will allow '$' in identifiers for compatibility.
** But the feature is undocumented.
*/
static const char isIdChar[] = {
/* x0 x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 xA xB xC xD xE xF */
    0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,  /* 2x */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,  /* 3x */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* 4x */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,  /* 5x */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* 6x */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,  /* 7x */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)&0x80)!=0 || (c>0x1f && isIdChar[c-0x20]))


/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
static int getToken(const char *z, int *tokenType){
  int i, c;
  switch( *z ){
    case 0: {
      *tokenType = TOKEN_EOF;
      return 0;
    }
    case ' ': case '\t': case '\n': case '\f': case '\r': {
      for(i=1; isspace(z[i]); i++){}
      *tokenType = TOKEN_SPACE;
      return i;
    }
    case '\'':
    case '"': {
      int delim = z[0];
      for(i=1; (c=z[i])!=0; i++){
        if( c==delim ){
          if( z[i+1]==delim ){
            i++;
          }else{
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      *tokenType = TOKEN_STRING;
      return i + (c!=0);
    }
    case '[': {
      for(i=1, c=z[0]; c!=']' && (c=z[i])!=0; i++){}
      *tokenType = TOKEN_ID;
      return i;
    }
    default: {
      if( !IdChar(*z) ){
        break;
      }
      for(i=1; IdChar(z[i]); i++){}
      *tokenType = TOKEN_ID;
      return i;
    }
  }
  *tokenType = TOKEN_PUNCT;
  return 1;
}

/*
** A token extracted from a string is an instance of the following
** structure.
*/
typedef struct Token {
  const char *z;       /* Pointer to token text.  Not '\000' terminated */
  short int n;         /* Length of the token text in bytes. */
} Token;

/*
** Given a input string (which is really one of the argv[] parameters
** passed into xConnect or xCreate) split the string up into tokens.
** Return an array of pointers to '\000' terminated strings, one string
** for each non-whitespace token.
**
** The returned array is terminated by a single NULL pointer.
**
** Space to hold the returned array is obtained from a single
** malloc and should be freed by passing the return value to free().
** The individual strings within the token list are all a part of
** the single memory allocation and will all be freed at once.
*/
static char **tokenizeString(const char *z, int *pnToken){
  int nToken = 0;
  Token *aToken = malloc( strlen(z) * sizeof(aToken[0]) );
  int n = 1;
  int e, i;
  int totalSize = 0;
  char **azToken;
  char *zCopy;
  while( n>0 ){
    n = getToken(z, &e);
    if( e!=TOKEN_SPACE ){
      aToken[nToken].z = z;
      aToken[nToken].n = n;
      nToken++;
      totalSize += n+1;
    }
    z += n;
  }
  azToken = (char**)malloc( nToken*sizeof(char*) + totalSize );
  zCopy = (char*)&azToken[nToken];
  nToken--;
  for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
    azToken[i] = zCopy;
    n = aToken[i].n;
    memcpy(zCopy, aToken[i].z, n);
    zCopy[n] = 0;
    zCopy += n+1;
  }
  azToken[nToken] = 0;
  free(aToken);
  *pnToken = nToken;
  return azToken;
}

/*
** Convert an SQL-style quoted string into a normal string by removing
** the quote characters.  The conversion is done in-place.  If the
** input does not begin with a quote character, then this routine
** is a no-op.
**
** Examples:
**
**     "abc"   becomes   abc
**     'xyz'   becomes   xyz
**     [pqr]   becomes   pqr
**     `mno`   becomes   mno
*/
void dequoteString(char *z){
  int quote;
  int i, j;
  if( z==0 ) return;
  quote = z[0];
  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0; z[i]; i++){
    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        z[j++] = 0;
        break;
      }
    }else{
      z[j++] = z[i];
    }
  }
}

/*
** The input azIn is a NULL-terminated list of tokens.  Remove the first
** token and all punctuation tokens.  Remove the quotes from
** around string literal tokens.
**
** Example:
**
**     input:      tokenize chinese ( 'simplifed' , 'mixed' )
**     output:     chinese simplifed mixed
**
** Another example:
**
**     input:      delimiters ( '[' , ']' , '...' )
**     output:     [ ] ...
*/
void tokenListToIdList(char **azIn){
  int i, j;
  if( azIn ){
    for(i=0, j=-1; azIn[i]; i++){
      if( isalnum(azIn[i][0]) || azIn[i][1] ){
        dequoteString(azIn[i]);
        if( j>=0 ){
          azIn[j] = azIn[i];
        }
        j++;
      }
    }
    azIn[j] = 0;
  }
}


/*
** Find the first alphanumeric token in the string zIn.  Null-terminate
** this token.  Remove any quotation marks.  And return a pointer to
** the result.
*/
static char *firstToken(char *zIn, char **pzTail){
  int i, n, ttype;
  i = 0;
  while(1){
    n = getToken(zIn, &ttype);
    if( ttype==TOKEN_SPACE ){
      zIn += n;
    }else if( ttype==TOKEN_EOF ){
      *pzTail = zIn;
      return 0;
    }else{
      zIn[n] = 0;
      *pzTail = &zIn[1];
      dequoteString(zIn);
      return zIn;
    }
  }
  /*NOTREACHED*/
}

/* Return true if...
**
**   *  s begins with the string t, ignoring case
**   *  s is longer than t
**   *  The first character of s beyond t is not a alphanumeric
** 
** Ignore leading space in *s.
**
** To put it another way, return true if the first token of
** s[] is t[].
*/
static int startsWith(const char *s, const char *t){
  while( isspace(*s) ){ s++; }
  while( *t ){
    if( tolower(*s++)!=tolower(*t++) ) return 0;
  }
  return *s!='_' && !isalnum(*s);
}

/*
** An instance of this structure defines the "spec" of a
** full text index.  This structure is populated by parseSpec
** and use by fulltextConnect and fulltextCreate.
*/
typedef struct TableSpec {
  const char *zName;       /* Name of the full-text index */
  int nColumn;             /* Number of columns to be indexed */
  char **azColumn;         /* Original names of columns to be indexed */
  char **azContentColumn;  /* Column names for %_content */
  char **azTokenizer;      /* Name of tokenizer and its arguments */
} TableSpec;

/*
** Reclaim all of the memory used by a TableSpec
*/
void clearTableSpec(TableSpec *p) {
  free(p->azColumn);
  free(p->azContentColumn);
  free(p->azTokenizer);
}

/* Parse a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement, which looks like this:
 *
 * CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE email
 *        USING fts2(subject, body, tokenize mytokenizer(myarg))
 *
 * We return parsed information in a TableSpec structure.
 * 
 */
int parseSpec(TableSpec *pSpec, int argc, const char *const*argv, char**pzErr){
  int i, j, n;
  char *z, *zDummy;
  char **azArg;
  const char *zTokenizer = 0;    /* argv[] entry describing the tokenizer */

  assert( argc>=3 );
  /* Current interface:
  ** argv[0] - module name
  ** argv[1] - database name
  ** argv[2] - table name
  ** argv[3..] - columns, optionally followed by tokenizer specification
  **             and snippet delimiters specification.
  */

  /* Make a copy of the complete argv[][] array in a single allocation.
  ** The argv[][] array is read-only and transient.  We can write to the
  ** copy in order to modify things and the copy is persistent.
  */
  memset(pSpec, 0, sizeof(*pSpec));
  for(i=n=0; i<argc; i++){
    n += strlen(argv[i]) + 1;
  }
  azArg = malloc( sizeof(char*)*argc + n );
  if( azArg==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  z = (char*)&azArg[argc];
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    azArg[i] = z;
    strcpy(z, argv[i]);
    z += strlen(z)+1;
  }

  /* Identify the column names and the tokenizer and delimiter arguments
  ** in the argv[][] array.
  */
  pSpec->zName = azArg[2];
  pSpec->nColumn = 0;
  pSpec->azColumn = azArg;
  zTokenizer = "tokenize simple";
  for(i=3, j=0; i<argc; ++i){
    if( startsWith(azArg[i],"tokenize") ){
      zTokenizer = azArg[i];
    }else{
      z = azArg[pSpec->nColumn] = firstToken(azArg[i], &zDummy);
      pSpec->nColumn++;
    }
  }
  if( pSpec->nColumn==0 ){
    azArg[0] = "content";
    pSpec->nColumn = 1;
  }

  /*
  ** Construct the list of content column names.
  **
  ** Each content column name will be of the form cNNAAAA
  ** where NN is the column number and AAAA is the sanitized
  ** column name.  "sanitized" means that special characters are
  ** converted to "_".  The cNN prefix guarantees that all column
  ** names are unique.
  **
  ** The AAAA suffix is not strictly necessary.  It is included
  ** for the convenience of people who might examine the generated
  ** %_content table and wonder what the columns are used for.
  */
  pSpec->azContentColumn = malloc( pSpec->nColumn * sizeof(char *) );
  if( pSpec->azContentColumn==0 ){
    clearTableSpec(pSpec);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSpec->nColumn; i++){
    char *p;
    pSpec->azContentColumn[i] = sqlite3_mprintf("c%d%s", i, azArg[i]);
    for (p = pSpec->azContentColumn[i]; *p ; ++p) {
      if( !isalnum(*p) ) *p = '_';
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Parse the tokenizer specification string.
  */
  pSpec->azTokenizer = tokenizeString(zTokenizer, &n);
  tokenListToIdList(pSpec->azTokenizer);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Generate a CREATE TABLE statement that describes the schema of
** the virtual table.  Return a pointer to this schema string.
**
** Space is obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() and should be freed
** using sqlite3_free().
*/
static char *fulltextSchema(
  int nColumn,                  /* Number of columns */
  const char *const* azColumn,  /* List of columns */
  const char *zTableName        /* Name of the table */
){
  int i;
  char *zSchema, *zNext;
  const char *zSep = "(";
  zSchema = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE x");
  for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
    zNext = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%s%Q", zSchema, zSep, azColumn[i]);
    sqlite3_free(zSchema);
    zSchema = zNext;
    zSep = ",";
  }
  zNext = sqlite3_mprintf("%s,%Q)", zSchema, zTableName);
  sqlite3_free(zSchema);
  return zNext;
}

/*
** Build a new sqlite3_vtab structure that will describe the
** fulltext index defined by spec.
*/
static int constructVtab(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* The SQLite database connection */
  TableSpec *spec,          /* Parsed spec information from parseSpec() */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab,    /* Write the resulting vtab structure here */
  char **pzErr              /* Write any error message here */
){
  int rc;
  int n;
  fulltext_vtab *v = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *m = NULL;
  char *schema;

  v = (fulltext_vtab *) malloc(sizeof(fulltext_vtab));
  if( v==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(v, 0, sizeof(*v));
  /* sqlite will initialize v->base */
  v->db = db;
  v->zName = spec->zName;   /* Freed when azColumn is freed */
  v->nColumn = spec->nColumn;
  v->azContentColumn = spec->azContentColumn;
  spec->azContentColumn = 0;
  v->azColumn = spec->azColumn;
  spec->azColumn = 0;

  if( spec->azTokenizer==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  /* TODO(shess) For now, add new tokenizers as else if clauses. */
  if( spec->azTokenizer[0]==0 || startsWith(spec->azTokenizer[0], "simple") ){
    sqlite3Fts2SimpleTokenizerModule(&m);
  }else if( startsWith(spec->azTokenizer[0], "porter") ){
    sqlite3Fts2PorterTokenizerModule(&m);
  }else{
    *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("unknown tokenizer: %s", spec->azTokenizer[0]);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    goto err;
  }
  for(n=0; spec->azTokenizer[n]; n++){}
  if( n ){
    rc = m->xCreate(n-1, (const char*const*)&spec->azTokenizer[1],
                    &v->pTokenizer);
  }else{
    rc = m->xCreate(0, 0, &v->pTokenizer);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  v->pTokenizer->pModule = m;

  /* TODO: verify the existence of backing tables foo_content, foo_term */

  schema = fulltextSchema(v->nColumn, (const char*const*)v->azColumn,
                          spec->zName);
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, schema);
  sqlite3_free(schema);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

  memset(v->pFulltextStatements, 0, sizeof(v->pFulltextStatements));

  *ppVTab = &v->base;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Connect %p\n", v));

  return rc;

err:
  fulltext_vtab_destroy(v);
  return rc;
}

static int fulltextConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab,
  char **pzErr
){
  TableSpec spec;
  int rc = parseSpec(&spec, argc, argv, pzErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = constructVtab(db, &spec, ppVTab, pzErr);
  clearTableSpec(&spec);
  return rc;
}

  /* The %_content table holds the text of each document, with
  ** the rowid used as the docid.
  **
  ** The %_term table maps each term to a document list blob
  ** containing elements sorted by ascending docid, each element
  ** encoded as:
  **
  **   docid varint-encoded
  **   token elements:
  **     position+1 varint-encoded as delta from previous position
  **     start offset varint-encoded as delta from previous start offset
  **     end offset varint-encoded as delta from start offset
  **
  ** The sentinel position of 0 indicates the end of the token list.
  **
  ** Additionally, doclist blobs are chunked into multiple segments,
  ** using segment to order the segments.  New elements are added to
  ** the segment at segment 0, until it exceeds CHUNK_MAX.  Then
  ** segment 0 is deleted, and the doclist is inserted at segment 1.
  ** If there is already a doclist at segment 1, the segment 0 doclist
  ** is merged with it, the segment 1 doclist is deleted, and the
  ** merged doclist is inserted at segment 2, repeating those
  ** operations until an insert succeeds.
  **
  ** Since this structure doesn't allow us to update elements in place
  ** in case of deletion or update, these are simply written to
  ** segment 0 (with an empty token list in case of deletion), with
  ** docListAccumulate() taking care to retain lower-segment
  ** information in preference to higher-segment information.
  */
  /* TODO(shess) Provide a VACUUM type operation which both removes
  ** deleted elements which are no longer necessary, and duplicated
  ** elements.  I suspect this will probably not be necessary in
  ** practice, though.
  */
static int fulltextCreate(sqlite3 *db, void *pAux,
                          int argc, const char * const *argv,
                          sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char **pzErr){
  int rc;
  TableSpec spec;
  StringBuffer schema;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Create\n"));

  rc = parseSpec(&spec, argc, argv, pzErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  initStringBuffer(&schema);
  append(&schema, "CREATE TABLE %_content(");
  appendList(&schema, spec.nColumn, spec.azContentColumn);
  append(&schema, ")");
  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName, schema.s);
  free(schema.s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName,
    "create table %_term(term text, segment integer, doclist blob, "
                        "primary key(term, segment));");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = constructVtab(db, &spec, ppVTab, pzErr);

out:
  clearTableSpec(&spec);
  return rc;
}

/* Decide how to handle an SQL query. */
static int fulltextBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; ++i){
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;
    pConstraint = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pConstraint->usable ) {
      if( pConstraint->iColumn==-1 &&
          pConstraint->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
        pInfo->idxNum = QUERY_ROWID;      /* lookup by rowid */
      } else if( pConstraint->iColumn>=0 &&
                 pConstraint->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH ){
        /* full-text search */
        pInfo->idxNum = QUERY_FULLTEXT + pConstraint->iColumn;
      } else continue;

      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;

      /* An arbitrary value for now.
       * TODO: Perhaps rowid matches should be considered cheaper than
       * full-text searches. */
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;   

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  pInfo->idxNum = QUERY_GENERIC;
  TRACE(("FTS2 BestIndex\n"));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab){
  TRACE(("FTS2 Disconnect %p\n", pVTab));
  fulltext_vtab_destroy((fulltext_vtab *)pVTab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextDestroy(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab){
  fulltext_vtab *v = (fulltext_vtab *)pVTab;
  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Destroy %p\n", pVTab));
  rc = sql_exec(v->db, v->zName,
                    "drop table %_content; drop table %_term");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  fulltext_vtab_destroy((fulltext_vtab *)pVTab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c;

  c = (fulltext_cursor *) calloc(sizeof(fulltext_cursor), 1);
  /* sqlite will initialize c->base */
  *ppCursor = &c->base;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Open %p: %p\n", pVTab, c));

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by *q
*/
static void queryClear(Query *q){
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < q->nTerms; ++i){
    free(q->pTerms[i].pTerm);
  }
  free(q->pTerms);
  memset(q, 0, sizeof(*q));
}

/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by the
** Snippet
*/
static void snippetClear(Snippet *p){
  free(p->aMatch);
  free(p->zOffset);
  free(p->zSnippet);
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
}
/*
** Append a single entry to the p->aMatch[] log.
*/
static void snippetAppendMatch(
  Snippet *p,               /* Append the entry to this snippet */
  int iCol, int iTerm,      /* The column and query term */
  int iStart, int nByte     /* Offset and size of the match */
){
  int i;
  struct snippetMatch *pMatch;
  if( p->nMatch+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc = p->nAlloc*2 + 10;
    p->aMatch = realloc(p->aMatch, p->nAlloc*sizeof(p->aMatch[0]) );
    if( p->aMatch==0 ){
      p->nMatch = 0;
      p->nAlloc = 0;
      return;
    }
  }
  i = p->nMatch++;
  pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
  pMatch->iCol = iCol;
  pMatch->iTerm = iTerm;
  pMatch->iStart = iStart;
  pMatch->nByte = nByte;
}

/*
** Sizing information for the circular buffer used in snippetOffsetsOfColumn()
*/
#define FTS2_ROTOR_SZ   (32)
#define FTS2_ROTOR_MASK (FTS2_ROTOR_SZ-1)

/*
** Add entries to pSnippet->aMatch[] for every match that occurs against
** document zDoc[0..nDoc-1] which is stored in column iColumn.
*/
static void snippetOffsetsOfColumn(
  Query *pQuery,
  Snippet *pSnippet,
  int iColumn,
  const char *zDoc,
  int nDoc
){
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pTModule;  /* The tokenizer module */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;             /* The specific tokenizer */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pTCursor;        /* Tokenizer cursor */
  fulltext_vtab *pVtab;                /* The full text index */
  int nColumn;                         /* Number of columns in the index */
  const QueryTerm *aTerm;              /* Query string terms */
  int nTerm;                           /* Number of query string terms */  
  int i, j;                            /* Loop counters */
  int rc;                              /* Return code */
  unsigned int match, prevMatch;       /* Phrase search bitmasks */
  const char *zToken;                  /* Next token from the tokenizer */
  int nToken;                          /* Size of zToken */
  int iBegin, iEnd, iPos;              /* Offsets of beginning and end */

  /* The following variables keep a circular buffer of the last
  ** few tokens */
  unsigned int iRotor = 0;             /* Index of current token */
  int iRotorBegin[FTS2_ROTOR_SZ];      /* Beginning offset of token */
  int iRotorLen[FTS2_ROTOR_SZ];        /* Length of token */

  pVtab = pQuery->pFts;
  nColumn = pVtab->nColumn;
  pTokenizer = pVtab->pTokenizer;
  pTModule = pTokenizer->pModule;
  rc = pTModule->xOpen(pTokenizer, zDoc, nDoc, &pTCursor);
  if( rc ) return;
  pTCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  aTerm = pQuery->pTerms;
  nTerm = pQuery->nTerms;
  if( nTerm>=FTS2_ROTOR_SZ ){
    nTerm = FTS2_ROTOR_SZ - 1;
  }
  prevMatch = 0;
  while(1){
    rc = pTModule->xNext(pTCursor, &zToken, &nToken, &iBegin, &iEnd, &iPos);
    if( rc ) break;
    iRotorBegin[iRotor&FTS2_ROTOR_MASK] = iBegin;
    iRotorLen[iRotor&FTS2_ROTOR_MASK] = iEnd-iBegin;
    match = 0;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){
      int iCol;
      iCol = aTerm[i].iColumn;
      if( iCol>=0 && iCol<nColumn && iCol!=iColumn ) continue;
      if( aTerm[i].nTerm!=nToken ) continue;
      if( memcmp(aTerm[i].pTerm, zToken, nToken) ) continue;
      if( aTerm[i].iPhrase>1 && (prevMatch & (1<<i))==0 ) continue;
      match |= 1<<i;
      if( i==nTerm-1 || aTerm[i+1].iPhrase==1 ){
        for(j=aTerm[i].iPhrase-1; j>=0; j--){
          int k = (iRotor-j) & FTS2_ROTOR_MASK;
          snippetAppendMatch(pSnippet, iColumn, i-j,
                iRotorBegin[k], iRotorLen[k]);
        }
      }
    }
    prevMatch = match<<1;
    iRotor++;
  }
  pTModule->xClose(pTCursor);  
}


/*
** Compute all offsets for the current row of the query.  
** If the offsets have already been computed, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void snippetAllOffsets(fulltext_cursor *p){
  int nColumn;
  int iColumn, i;
  int iFirst, iLast;
  fulltext_vtab *pFts;

  if( p->snippet.nMatch ) return;
  if( p->q.nTerms==0 ) return;
  pFts = p->q.pFts;
  nColumn = pFts->nColumn;
  iColumn = p->iCursorType;
  if( iColumn<0 || iColumn>=nColumn ){
    iFirst = 0;
    iLast = nColumn-1;
  }else{
    iFirst = iColumn;
    iLast = iColumn;
  }
  for(i=iFirst; i<=iLast; i++){
    const char *zDoc;
    int nDoc;
    zDoc = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(p->pStmt, i+1);
    nDoc = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i+1);
    snippetOffsetsOfColumn(&p->q, &p->snippet, i, zDoc, nDoc);
  }
}

/*
** Convert the information in the aMatch[] array of the snippet
** into the string zOffset[0..nOffset-1].
*/
static void snippetOffsetText(Snippet *p){
  int i;
  int cnt = 0;
  StringBuffer sb;
  char zBuf[200];
  if( p->zOffset ) return;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  for(i=0; i<p->nMatch; i++){
    struct snippetMatch *pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
    zBuf[0] = ' ';
    sprintf(&zBuf[cnt>0], "%d %d %d %d", pMatch->iCol,
        pMatch->iTerm, pMatch->iStart, pMatch->nByte);
    append(&sb, zBuf);
    cnt++;
  }
  p->zOffset = sb.s;
  p->nOffset = sb.len;
}

/*
** zDoc[0..nDoc-1] is phrase of text.  aMatch[0..nMatch-1] are a set
** of matching words some of which might be in zDoc.  zDoc is column
** number iCol.
**
** iBreak is suggested spot in zDoc where we could begin or end an
** excerpt.  Return a value similar to iBreak but possibly adjusted
** to be a little left or right so that the break point is better.
*/
static int wordBoundary(
  int iBreak,                   /* The suggested break point */
  const char *zDoc,             /* Document text */
  int nDoc,                     /* Number of bytes in zDoc[] */
  struct snippetMatch *aMatch,  /* Matching words */
  int nMatch,                   /* Number of entries in aMatch[] */
  int iCol                      /* The column number for zDoc[] */
){
  int i;
  if( iBreak<=10 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( iBreak>=nDoc-10 ){
    return nDoc;
  }
  for(i=0; i<nMatch && aMatch[i].iCol<iCol; i++){}
  while( i<nMatch && aMatch[i].iStart+aMatch[i].nByte<iBreak ){ i++; }
  if( i<nMatch ){
    if( aMatch[i].iStart<iBreak+10 ){
      return aMatch[i].iStart;
    }
    if( i>0 && aMatch[i-1].iStart+aMatch[i-1].nByte>=iBreak ){
      return aMatch[i-1].iStart;
    }
  }
  for(i=1; i<=10; i++){
    if( isspace(zDoc[iBreak-i]) ){
      return iBreak - i + 1;
    }
    if( isspace(zDoc[iBreak+i]) ){
      return iBreak + i + 1;
    }
  }
  return iBreak;
}

/*
** If the StringBuffer does not end in white space, add a single
** space character to the end.
*/
static void appendWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  if( p->len==0 ) return;
  if( isspace(p->s[p->len-1]) ) return;
  append(p, " ");
}

/*
** Remove white space from teh end of the StringBuffer
*/
static void trimWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  while( p->len>0 && isspace(p->s[p->len-1]) ){
    p->len--;
  }
}



/*
** Allowed values for Snippet.aMatch[].snStatus
*/
#define SNIPPET_IGNORE  0   /* It is ok to omit this match from the snippet */
#define SNIPPET_DESIRED 1   /* We want to include this match in the snippet */

/*
** Generate the text of a snippet.
*/
static void snippetText(
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor,   /* The cursor we need the snippet for */
  const char *zStartMark,     /* Markup to appear before each match */
  const char *zEndMark,       /* Markup to appear after each match */
  const char *zEllipsis       /* Ellipsis mark */
){
  int i, j;
  struct snippetMatch *aMatch;
  int nMatch;
  int nDesired;
  StringBuffer sb;
  int tailCol;
  int tailOffset;
  int iCol;
  int nDoc;
  const char *zDoc;
  int iStart, iEnd;
  int tailEllipsis = 0;
  int iMatch;
  

  free(pCursor->snippet.zSnippet);
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = 0;
  aMatch = pCursor->snippet.aMatch;
  nMatch = pCursor->snippet.nMatch;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);

  for(i=0; i<nMatch; i++){
    aMatch[i].snStatus = SNIPPET_IGNORE;
  }
  nDesired = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pCursor->q.nTerms; i++){
    for(j=0; j<nMatch; j++){
      if( aMatch[j].iTerm==i ){
        aMatch[j].snStatus = SNIPPET_DESIRED;
        nDesired++;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  iMatch = 0;
  tailCol = -1;
  tailOffset = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nMatch && nDesired>0; i++){
    if( aMatch[i].snStatus!=SNIPPET_DESIRED ) continue;
    nDesired--;
    iCol = aMatch[i].iCol;
    zDoc = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pCursor->pStmt, iCol+1);
    nDoc = sqlite3_column_bytes(pCursor->pStmt, iCol+1);
    iStart = aMatch[i].iStart - 40;
    iStart = wordBoundary(iStart, zDoc, nDoc, aMatch, nMatch, iCol);
    if( iStart<=10 ){
      iStart = 0;
    }
    if( iCol==tailCol && iStart<=tailOffset+20 ){
      iStart = tailOffset;
    }
    if( (iCol!=tailCol && tailCol>=0) || iStart!=tailOffset ){
      trimWhiteSpace(&sb);
      appendWhiteSpace(&sb);
      append(&sb, zEllipsis);
      appendWhiteSpace(&sb);
    }
    iEnd = aMatch[i].iStart + aMatch[i].nByte + 40;
    iEnd = wordBoundary(iEnd, zDoc, nDoc, aMatch, nMatch, iCol);
    if( iEnd>=nDoc-10 ){
      iEnd = nDoc;
      tailEllipsis = 0;
    }else{
      tailEllipsis = 1;
    }
    while( iMatch<nMatch && aMatch[iMatch].iCol<iCol ){ iMatch++; }
    while( iStart<iEnd ){
      while( iMatch<nMatch && aMatch[iMatch].iStart<iStart
             && aMatch[iMatch].iCol<=iCol ){
        iMatch++;
      }
      if( iMatch<nMatch && aMatch[iMatch].iStart<iEnd
             && aMatch[iMatch].iCol==iCol ){
        nappend(&sb, &zDoc[iStart], aMatch[iMatch].iStart - iStart);
        iStart = aMatch[iMatch].iStart;
        append(&sb, zStartMark);
        nappend(&sb, &zDoc[iStart], aMatch[iMatch].nByte);
        append(&sb, zEndMark);
        iStart += aMatch[iMatch].nByte;
        for(j=iMatch+1; j<nMatch; j++){
          if( aMatch[j].iTerm==aMatch[iMatch].iTerm
              && aMatch[j].snStatus==SNIPPET_DESIRED ){
            nDesired--;
            aMatch[j].snStatus = SNIPPET_IGNORE;
          }
        }
      }else{
        nappend(&sb, &zDoc[iStart], iEnd - iStart);
        iStart = iEnd;
      }
    }
    tailCol = iCol;
    tailOffset = iEnd;
  }
  trimWhiteSpace(&sb);
  if( tailEllipsis ){
    appendWhiteSpace(&sb);
    append(&sb, zEllipsis);
  }
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = sb.s;
  pCursor->snippet.nSnippet = sb.len;  
}


/*
** Close the cursor.  For additional information see the documentation
** on the xClose method of the virtual table interface.
*/
static int fulltextClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Close %p\n", c));
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  queryClear(&c->q);
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->result.pDoclist!=NULL ){
    docListDelete(c->result.pDoclist);
  }
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  sqlite_int64 iDocid;
  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Next %p\n", pCursor));
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->iCursorType < QUERY_FULLTEXT ){
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
    switch( rc ){
      case SQLITE_ROW:
        c->eof = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      case SQLITE_DONE:
        c->eof = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      default:
        c->eof = 1;
        return rc;
    }
  } else {  /* full-text query */
    rc = sqlite3_reset(c->pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    iDocid = nextDocid(&c->result);
    if( iDocid==0 ){
      c->eof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, iDocid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){   /* the case we expect */
      c->eof = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    /* an error occurred; abort */
    return rc==SQLITE_DONE ? SQLITE_ERROR : rc;
  }
}


/* Return a DocList corresponding to the query term *pTerm.  If *pTerm
** is the first term of a phrase query, go ahead and evaluate the phrase
** query and return the doclist for the entire phrase query.
**
** The result is stored in pTerm->doclist.
*/
static int docListOfTerm(
  fulltext_vtab *v,     /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,          /* column to restrict to.  No restrition if >=nColumn */
  QueryTerm *pQTerm,    /* Term we are looking for, or 1st term of a phrase */
  DocList **ppResult    /* Write the result here */
){
  DocList *pLeft, *pRight, *pNew;
  int i, rc;

  pLeft = docListNew(DL_POSITIONS);
  rc = term_select_all(v, iColumn, pQTerm->pTerm, pQTerm->nTerm, pLeft);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  for(i=1; i<=pQTerm->nPhrase; i++){
    pRight = docListNew(DL_POSITIONS);
    rc = term_select_all(v, iColumn, pQTerm[i].pTerm, pQTerm[i].nTerm, pRight);
    if( rc ){
      docListDelete(pLeft);
      return rc;
    }
    pNew = docListNew(i<pQTerm->nPhrase ? DL_POSITIONS : DL_DOCIDS);
    docListPhraseMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
    docListDelete(pLeft);
    docListDelete(pRight);
    pLeft = pNew;
  }
  *ppResult = pLeft;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Add a new term pTerm[0..nTerm-1] to the query *q.
*/
static void queryAdd(Query *q, const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  QueryTerm *t;
  ++q->nTerms;
  q->pTerms = realloc(q->pTerms, q->nTerms * sizeof(q->pTerms[0]));
  if( q->pTerms==0 ){
    q->nTerms = 0;
    return;
  }
  t = &q->pTerms[q->nTerms - 1];
  memset(t, 0, sizeof(*t));
  t->pTerm = malloc(nTerm+1);
  memcpy(t->pTerm, pTerm, nTerm);
  t->pTerm[nTerm] = 0;
  t->nTerm = nTerm;
  t->isOr = q->nextIsOr;
  q->nextIsOr = 0;
  t->iColumn = q->nextColumn;
  q->nextColumn = q->dfltColumn;
}

/*
** Check to see if the string zToken[0...nToken-1] matches any
** column name in the virtual table.   If it does,
** return the zero-indexed column number.  If not, return -1.
*/
static int checkColumnSpecifier(
  fulltext_vtab *pVtab,    /* The virtual table */
  const char *zToken,      /* Text of the token */
  int nToken               /* Number of characters in the token */
){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pVtab->nColumn; i++){
    if( memcmp(pVtab->azColumn[i], zToken, nToken)==0
        && pVtab->azColumn[i][nToken]==0 ){
      return i;
    }
  }
  return -1;
}

/*
** Parse the text at pSegment[0..nSegment-1].  Add additional terms
** to the query being assemblied in pQuery.
**
** inPhrase is true if pSegment[0..nSegement-1] is contained within
** double-quotes.  If inPhrase is true, then the first term
** is marked with the number of terms in the phrase less one and
** OR and "-" syntax is ignored.  If inPhrase is false, then every
** term found is marked with nPhrase=0 and OR and "-" syntax is significant.
*/
static int tokenizeSegment(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,          /* The tokenizer to use */
  const char *pSegment, int nSegment,     /* Query expression being parsed */
  int inPhrase,                           /* True if within "..." */
  Query *pQuery                           /* Append results here */
){
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pModule = pTokenizer->pModule;
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor;
  int firstIndex = pQuery->nTerms;
  int iCol;
  int nTerm = 1;
  
  int rc = pModule->xOpen(pTokenizer, pSegment, nSegment, &pCursor);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;

  while( 1 ){
    const char *pToken;
    int nToken, iBegin, iEnd, iPos;

    rc = pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                        &pToken, &nToken,
                        &iBegin, &iEnd, &iPos);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    if( !inPhrase &&
        pSegment[iEnd]==':' &&
         (iCol = checkColumnSpecifier(pQuery->pFts, pToken, nToken))>=0 ){
      pQuery->nextColumn = iCol;
      continue;
    }
    if( !inPhrase && pQuery->nTerms>0 && nToken==2
         && pSegment[iBegin]=='O' && pSegment[iBegin+1]=='R' ){
      pQuery->nextIsOr = 1;
      continue;
    }
    queryAdd(pQuery, pToken, nToken);
    if( !inPhrase && iBegin>0 && pSegment[iBegin-1]=='-' ){
      pQuery->pTerms[pQuery->nTerms-1].isNot = 1;
    }
    pQuery->pTerms[pQuery->nTerms-1].iPhrase = nTerm;
    if( inPhrase ){
      nTerm++;
    }
  }

  if( inPhrase && pQuery->nTerms>firstIndex ){
    pQuery->pTerms[firstIndex].nPhrase = pQuery->nTerms - firstIndex - 1;
  }

  return pModule->xClose(pCursor);
}

/* Parse a query string, yielding a Query object pQuery.
**
** The calling function will need to queryClear() to clean up
** the dynamically allocated memory held by pQuery.
*/
static int parseQuery(
  fulltext_vtab *v,        /* The fulltext index */
  const char *zInput,      /* Input text of the query string */
  int nInput,              /* Size of the input text */
  int dfltColumn,          /* Default column of the index to match against */
  Query *pQuery            /* Write the parse results here. */
){
  int iInput, inPhrase = 0;

  if( zInput==0 ) nInput = 0;
  if( nInput<0 ) nInput = strlen(zInput);
  pQuery->nTerms = 0;
  pQuery->pTerms = NULL;
  pQuery->nextIsOr = 0;
  pQuery->nextColumn = dfltColumn;
  pQuery->dfltColumn = dfltColumn;
  pQuery->pFts = v;

  for(iInput=0; iInput<nInput; ++iInput){
    int i;
    for(i=iInput; i<nInput && zInput[i]!='"'; ++i){}
    if( i>iInput ){
      tokenizeSegment(v->pTokenizer, zInput+iInput, i-iInput, inPhrase,
                       pQuery);
    }
    iInput = i;
    if( i<nInput ){
      assert( zInput[i]=='"' );
      inPhrase = !inPhrase;
    }
  }

  if( inPhrase ){
    /* unmatched quote */
    queryClear(pQuery);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Perform a full-text query using the search expression in
** zInput[0..nInput-1].  Return a list of matching documents
** in pResult.
**
** Queries must match column iColumn.  Or if iColumn>=nColumn
** they are allowed to match against any column.
*/
static int fulltextQuery(
  fulltext_vtab *v,      /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,           /* Match against this column by default */
  const char *zInput,    /* The query string */
  int nInput,            /* Number of bytes in zInput[] */
  DocList **pResult,     /* Write the result doclist here */
  Query *pQuery          /* Put parsed query string here */
){
  int i, iNext, rc;
  DocList *pLeft = NULL;
  DocList *pRight, *pNew, *pOr;
  int nNot = 0;
  QueryTerm *aTerm;

  rc = parseQuery(v, zInput, nInput, iColumn, pQuery);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Merge AND terms. */
  aTerm = pQuery->pTerms;
  for(i = 0; i<pQuery->nTerms; i=iNext){
    if( aTerm[i].isNot ){
      /* Handle all NOT terms in a separate pass */
      nNot++;
      iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase+1;
      continue;
    }
    iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &pRight);
    if( rc ){
      queryClear(pQuery);
      return rc;
    }
    while( iNext<pQuery->nTerms && aTerm[iNext].isOr ){
      rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[iNext].iColumn, &aTerm[iNext], &pOr);
      iNext += aTerm[iNext].nPhrase + 1;
      if( rc ){
        queryClear(pQuery);
        return rc;
      }
      pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
      docListOrMerge(pRight, pOr, pNew);
      docListDelete(pRight);
      docListDelete(pOr);
      pRight = pNew;
    }
    if( pLeft==0 ){
      pLeft = pRight;
    }else{
      pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
      docListAndMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
      docListDelete(pRight);
      docListDelete(pLeft);
      pLeft = pNew;
    }
  }

  if( nNot && pLeft==0 ){
    /* We do not yet know how to handle a query of only NOT terms */
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Do the EXCEPT terms */
  for(i=0; i<pQuery->nTerms;  i += aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1){
    if( !aTerm[i].isNot ) continue;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &pRight);
    if( rc ){
      queryClear(pQuery);
      docListDelete(pLeft);
      return rc;
    }
    pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
    docListExceptMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
    docListDelete(pRight);
    docListDelete(pLeft);
    pLeft = pNew;
  }

  *pResult = pLeft;
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==QUERY_GENERIC then do a full table scan against
** the %_content table.
**
** If idxNum==QUERY_ROWID then do a rowid lookup for a single entry
** in the %_content table.
**
** If idxNum>=QUERY_FULLTEXT then use the full text index.  The
** column on the left-hand side of the MATCH operator is column
** number idxNum-QUERY_FULLTEXT, 0 indexed.  argv[0] is the right-hand
** side of the MATCH operator.
*/
static int fulltextFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,     /* The cursor used for this query */
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,   /* Which indexing scheme to use */
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv    /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  fulltext_vtab *v = cursor_vtab(c);
  int rc;
  char *zSql;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Filter %p\n",pCursor));

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("select rowid, * from %%_content %s",
                          idxNum==QUERY_GENERIC ? "" : "where rowid=?");
  rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zName, &c->pStmt, zSql);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  c->iCursorType = idxNum;
  switch( idxNum ){
    case QUERY_GENERIC:
      break;

    case QUERY_ROWID:
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;
      break;

    default:   /* full-text search */
    {
      const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
      DocList *pResult;
      assert( idxNum<=QUERY_FULLTEXT+v->nColumn);
      assert( argc==1 );
      queryClear(&c->q);
      rc = fulltextQuery(v, idxNum-QUERY_FULLTEXT, zQuery, -1, &pResult, &c->q);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;
      readerInit(&c->result, pResult);
      break;
    }
  }

  rc = fulltextNext(pCursor);

out:
  return rc;
}

/* This is the xEof method of the virtual table.  The SQLite core
** calls this routine to find out if it has reached the end of
** a query's results set.
*/
static int fulltextEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  return c->eof;
}

/* This is the xColumn method of the virtual table.  The SQLite
** core calls this method during a query when it needs the value
** of a column from the virtual table.  This method needs to use
** one of the sqlite3_result_*() routines to store the requested
** value back in the pContext.
*/
static int fulltextColumn(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,
                          sqlite3_context *pContext, int idxCol){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  fulltext_vtab *v = cursor_vtab(c);

  if( idxCol<v->nColumn ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = sqlite3_column_value(c->pStmt, idxCol+1);
    sqlite3_result_value(pContext, pVal);
  }else if( idxCol==v->nColumn ){
    /* The extra column whose name is the same as the table.
    ** Return a blob which is a pointer to the cursor
    */
    sqlite3_result_blob(pContext, &c, sizeof(c), SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* This is the xRowid method.  The SQLite core calls this routine to
** retrive the rowid for the current row of the result set.  The
** rowid should be written to *pRowid.
*/
static int fulltextRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;

  *pRowid = sqlite3_column_int64(c->pStmt, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Add all terms in [zText] to the given hash table.  If [iColumn] > 0,
 * we also store positions and offsets in the hash table using the given
 * column number. */
static int buildTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, fts2Hash *terms, sqlite_int64 iDocid,
                      const char *zText, int iColumn){
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer = v->pTokenizer;
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor;
  const char *pToken;
  int nTokenBytes;
  int iStartOffset, iEndOffset, iPosition;
  int rc;

  rc = pTokenizer->pModule->xOpen(pTokenizer, zText, -1, &pCursor);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  while( SQLITE_OK==pTokenizer->pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                                               &pToken, &nTokenBytes,
                                               &iStartOffset, &iEndOffset,
                                               &iPosition) ){
    DocList *p;

    /* Positions can't be negative; we use -1 as a terminator internally. */
    if( iPosition<0 ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    p = fts2HashFind(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes);
    if( p==NULL ){
      p = docListNew(DL_DEFAULT);
      docListAddDocid(p, iDocid);
      fts2HashInsert(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes, p);
    }
    if( iColumn>=0 ){
      docListAddPosOffset(p, iColumn, iPosition, iStartOffset, iEndOffset);
    }
  }

  /* TODO(shess) Check return?  Should this be able to cause errors at
  ** this point?  Actually, same question about sqlite3_finalize(),
  ** though one could argue that failure there means that the data is
  ** not durable.  *ponder*
  */
  pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
  return rc;
}

/* Update the %_terms table to map the term [pTerm] to the given rowid. */
static int index_insert_term(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                             DocList *d){
  sqlite_int64 iIndexRow;
  DocList doclist;
  int iSegment = 0, rc;

  rc = term_select(v, pTerm, nTerm, iSegment, &iIndexRow, &doclist);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    docListInit(&doclist, DL_DEFAULT, 0, 0);
    docListUpdate(&doclist, d);
    /* TODO(shess) Consider length(doclist)>CHUNK_MAX? */
    rc = term_insert(v, NULL, pTerm, nTerm, iSegment, &doclist);
    goto err;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  docListUpdate(&doclist, d);
  if( doclist.nData<=CHUNK_MAX ){
    rc = term_update(v, iIndexRow, &doclist);
    goto err;
  }

  /* Doclist doesn't fit, delete what's there, and accumulate
  ** forward.
  */
  rc = term_delete(v, iIndexRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

  /* Try to insert the doclist into a higher segment bucket.  On
  ** failure, accumulate existing doclist with the doclist from that
  ** bucket, and put results in the next bucket.
  */
  iSegment++;
  while( (rc=term_insert(v, &iIndexRow, pTerm, nTerm, iSegment,
                         &doclist))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite_int64 iSegmentRow;
    DocList old;
    int rc2;

    /* Retain old error in case the term_insert() error was really an
    ** error rather than a bounced insert.
    */
    rc2 = term_select(v, pTerm, nTerm, iSegment, &iSegmentRow, &old);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_ROW ) goto err;

    rc = term_delete(v, iSegmentRow);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

    /* Reusing lowest-number deleted row keeps the index smaller. */
    if( iSegmentRow<iIndexRow ) iIndexRow = iSegmentRow;

    /* doclist contains the newer data, so accumulate it over old.
    ** Then steal accumulated data for doclist.
    */
    docListAccumulate(&old, &doclist);
    docListDestroy(&doclist);
    doclist = old;

    iSegment++;
  }

 err:
  docListDestroy(&doclist);
  return rc;
}

/* Add doclists for all terms in [pValues] to the hash table [terms]. */
static int insertTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, fts2Hash *terms, sqlite_int64 iRowid,
                sqlite3_value **pValues){
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < v->nColumn ; ++i){
    char *zText = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValues[i]);
    int rc = buildTerms(v, terms, iRowid, zText, i);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Add empty doclists for all terms in the given row's content to the hash
 * table [pTerms]. */
static int deleteTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, fts2Hash *pTerms, sqlite_int64 iRowid){
  const char **pValues;
  int i;

  int rc = content_select(v, iRowid, &pValues);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  for(i = 0 ; i < v->nColumn; ++i) {
    rc = buildTerms(v, pTerms, iRowid, pValues[i], -1);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
  }

  freeStringArray(v->nColumn, pValues);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Insert a row into the %_content table; set *piRowid to be the ID of the
 * new row.  Fill [pTerms] with new doclists for the %_term table. */
static int index_insert(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite3_value *pRequestRowid,
                        sqlite3_value **pValues,
                        sqlite_int64 *piRowid, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  int rc;

  rc = content_insert(v, pRequestRowid, pValues);  /* execute an SQL INSERT */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  *piRowid = sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(v->db);
  return insertTerms(v, pTerms, *piRowid, pValues);
}

/* Delete a row from the %_content table; fill [pTerms] with empty doclists
 * to be written to the %_term table. */
static int index_delete(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRow, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  int rc = deleteTerms(v, pTerms, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  return content_delete(v, iRow);  /* execute an SQL DELETE */
}

/* Update a row in the %_content table; fill [pTerms] with new doclists for the
 * %_term table. */
static int index_update(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRow,
                        sqlite3_value **pValues, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  /* Generate an empty doclist for each term that previously appeared in this
   * row. */
  int rc = deleteTerms(v, pTerms, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Now add positions for terms which appear in the updated row. */
  rc = insertTerms(v, pTerms, iRow, pValues);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return content_update(v, pValues, iRow);  /* execute an SQL UPDATE */
}

/* This function implements the xUpdate callback; it's the top-level entry
 * point for inserting, deleting or updating a row in a full-text table. */
static int fulltextUpdate(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, sqlite3_value **ppArg,
                   sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  fulltext_vtab *v = (fulltext_vtab *) pVtab;
  fts2Hash terms;   /* maps term string -> PosList */
  int rc;
  fts2HashElem *e;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Update %p\n", pVtab));
  
  fts2HashInit(&terms, FTS2_HASH_STRING, 1);

  if( nArg<2 ){
    rc = index_delete(v, sqlite3_value_int64(ppArg[0]), &terms);
  } else if( sqlite3_value_type(ppArg[0]) != SQLITE_NULL ){
    /* An update:
     * ppArg[0] = old rowid
     * ppArg[1] = new rowid
     * ppArg[2..2+v->nColumn-1] = values
     * ppArg[2+v->nColumn] = value for magic column (we ignore this)
     */
    sqlite_int64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(ppArg[0]);
    if( sqlite3_value_type(ppArg[1]) != SQLITE_INTEGER ||
      sqlite3_value_int64(ppArg[1]) != rowid ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;  /* we don't allow changing the rowid */
    } else {
      assert( nArg==2+v->nColumn+1);
      rc = index_update(v, rowid, &ppArg[2], &terms);
    }
  } else {
    /* An insert:
     * ppArg[1] = requested rowid
     * ppArg[2..2+v->nColumn-1] = values
     * ppArg[2+v->nColumn] = value for magic column (we ignore this)
     */
    assert( nArg==2+v->nColumn+1);
    rc = index_insert(v, ppArg[1], &ppArg[2], pRowid, &terms);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Write updated doclists to disk. */
    for(e=fts2HashFirst(&terms); e; e=fts2HashNext(e)){
      DocList *p = fts2HashData(e);
      rc = index_insert_term(v, fts2HashKey(e), fts2HashKeysize(e), p);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }
  }

  /* clean up */
  for(e=fts2HashFirst(&terms); e; e=fts2HashNext(e)){
    DocList *p = fts2HashData(e);
    docListDelete(p);
  }
  fts2HashClear(&terms);

  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of the snippet() function for FTS2
*/
static void snippetFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pContext,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor;
  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB ||
      sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0])!=sizeof(pCursor) ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pContext, "illegal first argument to html_snippet",-1);
  }else{
    const char *zStart = "<b>";
    const char *zEnd = "</b>";
    const char *zEllipsis = "<b>...</b>";
    memcpy(&pCursor, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), sizeof(pCursor));
    if( argc>=2 ){
      zStart = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
      if( argc>=3 ){
        zEnd = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[2]);
        if( argc>=4 ){
          zEllipsis = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[3]);
        }
      }
    }
    snippetAllOffsets(pCursor);
    snippetText(pCursor, zStart, zEnd, zEllipsis);
    sqlite3_result_text(pContext, pCursor->snippet.zSnippet,
                        pCursor->snippet.nSnippet, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the offsets() function for FTS2
*/
static void snippetOffsetsFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pContext,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor;
  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB ||
      sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0])!=sizeof(pCursor) ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pContext, "illegal first argument to offsets",-1);
  }else{
    memcpy(&pCursor, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), sizeof(pCursor));
    snippetAllOffsets(pCursor);
    snippetOffsetText(&pCursor->snippet);
    sqlite3_result_text(pContext,
                        pCursor->snippet.zOffset, pCursor->snippet.nOffset,
                        SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/*
** This routine implements the xFindFunction method for the FTS2
** virtual table.
*/
static int fulltextFindFunction(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int nArg,
  const char *zName,
  void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void **ppArg
){
  if( strcmp(zName,"snippet")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetFunc;
    return 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"offsets")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetOffsetsFunc;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

static const sqlite3_module fulltextModule = {
  /* iVersion      */ 0,
  /* xCreate       */ fulltextCreate,
  /* xConnect      */ fulltextConnect,
  /* xBestIndex    */ fulltextBestIndex,
  /* xDisconnect   */ fulltextDisconnect,
  /* xDestroy      */ fulltextDestroy,
  /* xOpen         */ fulltextOpen,
  /* xClose        */ fulltextClose,
  /* xFilter       */ fulltextFilter,
  /* xNext         */ fulltextNext,
  /* xEof          */ fulltextEof,
  /* xColumn       */ fulltextColumn,
  /* xRowid        */ fulltextRowid,
  /* xUpdate       */ fulltextUpdate,
  /* xBegin        */ 0, 
  /* xSync         */ 0,
  /* xCommit       */ 0,
  /* xRollback     */ 0,
  /* xFindFunction */ fulltextFindFunction,
};

int sqlite3Fts2Init(sqlite3 *db){
  sqlite3_overload_function(db, "snippet", -1);
  sqlite3_overload_function(db, "offsets", -1);
  return sqlite3_create_module(db, "fts2", &fulltextModule, 0);
}

#if !SQLITE_CORE
int sqlite3_extension_init(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg,
                           const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi)
  return sqlite3Fts2Init(db);
}
#endif

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2) */

Added ext/fts2/fts2.h.























>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
#include "sqlite3.h"

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif  /* __cplusplus */

int sqlite3Fts2Init(sqlite3 *db);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* extern "C" */
#endif  /* __cplusplus */

Added ext/fts2/fts2_hash.c.



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This is the implementation of generic hash-tables used in SQLite.
** We've modified it slightly to serve as a standalone hash table
** implementation for the full-text indexing module.
*/
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
** The code in this file is only compiled if:
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built as an extension
**       (in which case SQLITE_CORE is not defined), or
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built into the core of
**       SQLite (in which case SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2 is defined).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include "fts2_hash.h"

static void *malloc_and_zero(int n){
  void *p = malloc(n);
  if( p ){
    memset(p, 0, n);
  }
  return p;
}

/* Turn bulk memory into a hash table object by initializing the
** fields of the Hash structure.
**
** "pNew" is a pointer to the hash table that is to be initialized.
** keyClass is one of the constants 
** FTS2_HASH_BINARY or FTS2_HASH_STRING.  The value of keyClass 
** determines what kind of key the hash table will use.  "copyKey" is
** true if the hash table should make its own private copy of keys and
** false if it should just use the supplied pointer.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2HashInit(fts2Hash *pNew, int keyClass, int copyKey){
  assert( pNew!=0 );
  assert( keyClass>=FTS2_HASH_STRING && keyClass<=FTS2_HASH_BINARY );
  pNew->keyClass = keyClass;
  pNew->copyKey = copyKey;
  pNew->first = 0;
  pNew->count = 0;
  pNew->htsize = 0;
  pNew->ht = 0;
  pNew->xMalloc = malloc_and_zero;
  pNew->xFree = free;
}

/* Remove all entries from a hash table.  Reclaim all memory.
** Call this routine to delete a hash table or to reset a hash table
** to the empty state.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2HashClear(fts2Hash *pH){
  fts2HashElem *elem;         /* For looping over all elements of the table */

  assert( pH!=0 );
  elem = pH->first;
  pH->first = 0;
  if( pH->ht ) pH->xFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = 0;
  pH->htsize = 0;
  while( elem ){
    fts2HashElem *next_elem = elem->next;
    if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
      pH->xFree(elem->pKey);
    }
    pH->xFree(elem);
    elem = next_elem;
  }
  pH->count = 0;
}

/*
** Hash and comparison functions when the mode is FTS2_HASH_STRING
*/
static int strHash(const void *pKey, int nKey){
  const char *z = (const char *)pKey;
  int h = 0;
  if( nKey<=0 ) nKey = (int) strlen(z);
  while( nKey > 0  ){
    h = (h<<3) ^ h ^ *z++;
    nKey--;
  }
  return h & 0x7fffffff;
}
static int strCompare(const void *pKey1, int n1, const void *pKey2, int n2){
  if( n1!=n2 ) return 1;
  return strncmp((const char*)pKey1,(const char*)pKey2,n1);
}

/*
** Hash and comparison functions when the mode is FTS2_HASH_BINARY
*/
static int binHash(const void *pKey, int nKey){
  int h = 0;
  const char *z = (const char *)pKey;
  while( nKey-- > 0 ){
    h = (h<<3) ^ h ^ *(z++);
  }
  return h & 0x7fffffff;
}
static int binCompare(const void *pKey1, int n1, const void *pKey2, int n2){
  if( n1!=n2 ) return 1;
  return memcmp(pKey1,pKey2,n1);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the appropriate hash function given the key class.
**
** The C syntax in this function definition may be unfamilar to some 
** programmers, so we provide the following additional explanation:
**
** The name of the function is "hashFunction".  The function takes a
** single parameter "keyClass".  The return value of hashFunction()
** is a pointer to another function.  Specifically, the return value
** of hashFunction() is a pointer to a function that takes two parameters
** with types "const void*" and "int" and returns an "int".
*/
static int (*hashFunction(int keyClass))(const void*,int){
  if( keyClass==FTS2_HASH_STRING ){
    return &strHash;
  }else{
    assert( keyClass==FTS2_HASH_BINARY );
    return &binHash;
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the appropriate hash function given the key class.
**
** For help in interpreted the obscure C code in the function definition,
** see the header comment on the previous function.
*/
static int (*compareFunction(int keyClass))(const void*,int,const void*,int){
  if( keyClass==FTS2_HASH_STRING ){
    return &strCompare;
  }else{
    assert( keyClass==FTS2_HASH_BINARY );
    return &binCompare;
  }
}

/* Link an element into the hash table
*/
static void insertElement(
  fts2Hash *pH,            /* The complete hash table */
  struct _fts2ht *pEntry,  /* The entry into which pNew is inserted */
  fts2HashElem *pNew       /* The element to be inserted */
){
  fts2HashElem *pHead;     /* First element already in pEntry */
  pHead = pEntry->chain;
  if( pHead ){
    pNew->next = pHead;
    pNew->prev = pHead->prev;
    if( pHead->prev ){ pHead->prev->next = pNew; }
    else             { pH->first = pNew; }
    pHead->prev = pNew;
  }else{
    pNew->next = pH->first;
    if( pH->first ){ pH->first->prev = pNew; }
    pNew->prev = 0;
    pH->first = pNew;
  }
  pEntry->count++;
  pEntry->chain = pNew;
}


/* Resize the hash table so that it cantains "new_size" buckets.
** "new_size" must be a power of 2.  The hash table might fail 
** to resize if sqliteMalloc() fails.
*/
static void rehash(fts2Hash *pH, int new_size){
  struct _fts2ht *new_ht;          /* The new hash table */
  fts2HashElem *elem, *next_elem;  /* For looping over existing elements */
  int (*xHash)(const void*,int);   /* The hash function */

  assert( (new_size & (new_size-1))==0 );
  new_ht = (struct _fts2ht *)pH->xMalloc( new_size*sizeof(struct _fts2ht) );
  if( new_ht==0 ) return;
  if( pH->ht ) pH->xFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = new_ht;
  pH->htsize = new_size;
  xHash = hashFunction(pH->keyClass);
  for(elem=pH->first, pH->first=0; elem; elem = next_elem){
    int h = (*xHash)(elem->pKey, elem->nKey) & (new_size-1);
    next_elem = elem->next;
    insertElement(pH, &new_ht[h], elem);
  }
}

/* This function (for internal use only) locates an element in an
** hash table that matches the given key.  The hash for this key has
** already been computed and is passed as the 4th parameter.
*/
static fts2HashElem *findElementGivenHash(
  const fts2Hash *pH, /* The pH to be searched */
  const void *pKey,   /* The key we are searching for */
  int nKey,
  int h               /* The hash for this key. */
){
  fts2HashElem *elem;            /* Used to loop thru the element list */
  int count;                     /* Number of elements left to test */
  int (*xCompare)(const void*,int,const void*,int);  /* comparison function */

  if( pH->ht ){
    struct _fts2ht *pEntry = &pH->ht[h];
    elem = pEntry->chain;
    count = pEntry->count;
    xCompare = compareFunction(pH->keyClass);
    while( count-- && elem ){
      if( (*xCompare)(elem->pKey,elem->nKey,pKey,nKey)==0 ){ 
        return elem;
      }
      elem = elem->next;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Remove a single entry from the hash table given a pointer to that
** element and a hash on the element's key.
*/
static void removeElementGivenHash(
  fts2Hash *pH,         /* The pH containing "elem" */
  fts2HashElem* elem,   /* The element to be removed from the pH */
  int h                 /* Hash value for the element */
){
  struct _fts2ht *pEntry;
  if( elem->prev ){
    elem->prev->next = elem->next; 
  }else{
    pH->first = elem->next;
  }
  if( elem->next ){
    elem->next->prev = elem->prev;
  }
  pEntry = &pH->ht[h];
  if( pEntry->chain==elem ){
    pEntry->chain = elem->next;
  }
  pEntry->count--;
  if( pEntry->count<=0 ){
    pEntry->chain = 0;
  }
  if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
    pH->xFree(elem->pKey);
  }
  pH->xFree( elem );
  pH->count--;
  if( pH->count<=0 ){
    assert( pH->first==0 );
    assert( pH->count==0 );
    fts2HashClear(pH);
  }
}

/* Attempt to locate an element of the hash table pH with a key
** that matches pKey,nKey.  Return the data for this element if it is
** found, or NULL if there is no match.
*/
void *sqlite3Fts2HashFind(const fts2Hash *pH, const void *pKey, int nKey){
  int h;                 /* A hash on key */
  fts2HashElem *elem;    /* The element that matches key */
  int (*xHash)(const void*,int);  /* The hash function */

  if( pH==0 || pH->ht==0 ) return 0;
  xHash = hashFunction(pH->keyClass);
  assert( xHash!=0 );
  h = (*xHash)(pKey,nKey);
  assert( (pH->htsize & (pH->htsize-1))==0 );
  elem = findElementGivenHash(pH,pKey,nKey, h & (pH->htsize-1));
  return elem ? elem->data : 0;
}

/* Insert an element into the hash table pH.  The key is pKey,nKey
** and the data is "data".
**
** If no element exists with a matching key, then a new
** element is created.  A copy of the key is made if the copyKey
** flag is set.  NULL is returned.
**
** If another element already exists with the same key, then the
** new data replaces the old data and the old data is returned.
** The key is not copied in this instance.  If a malloc fails, then
** the new data is returned and the hash table is unchanged.
**
** If the "data" parameter to this function is NULL, then the
** element corresponding to "key" is removed from the hash table.
*/
void *sqlite3Fts2HashInsert(
  fts2Hash *pH,        /* The hash table to insert into */
  const void *pKey,    /* The key */
  int nKey,            /* Number of bytes in the key */
  void *data           /* The data */
){
  int hraw;                 /* Raw hash value of the key */
  int h;                    /* the hash of the key modulo hash table size */
  fts2HashElem *elem;       /* Used to loop thru the element list */
  fts2HashElem *new_elem;   /* New element added to the pH */
  int (*xHash)(const void*,int);  /* The hash function */

  assert( pH!=0 );
  xHash = hashFunction(pH->keyClass);
  assert( xHash!=0 );
  hraw = (*xHash)(pKey, nKey);
  assert( (pH->htsize & (pH->htsize-1))==0 );
  h = hraw & (pH->htsize-1);
  elem = findElementGivenHash(pH,pKey,nKey,h);
  if( elem ){
    void *old_data = elem->data;
    if( data==0 ){
      removeElementGivenHash(pH,elem,h);
    }else{
      elem->data = data;
    }
    return old_data;
  }
  if( data==0 ) return 0;
  new_elem = (fts2HashElem*)pH->xMalloc( sizeof(fts2HashElem) );
  if( new_elem==0 ) return data;
  if( pH->copyKey && pKey!=0 ){
    new_elem->pKey = pH->xMalloc( nKey );
    if( new_elem->pKey==0 ){
      pH->xFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
    memcpy((void*)new_elem->pKey, pKey, nKey);
  }else{
    new_elem->pKey = (void*)pKey;
  }
  new_elem->nKey = nKey;
  pH->count++;
  if( pH->htsize==0 ){
    rehash(pH,8);
    if( pH->htsize==0 ){
      pH->count = 0;
      pH->xFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
  }
  if( pH->count > pH->htsize ){
    rehash(pH,pH->htsize*2);
  }
  assert( pH->htsize>0 );
  assert( (pH->htsize & (pH->htsize-1))==0 );
  h = hraw & (pH->htsize-1);
  insertElement(pH, &pH->ht[h], new_elem);
  new_elem->data = data;
  return 0;
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2) */

Added ext/fts2/fts2_hash.h.

































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implemenation
** used in SQLite.  We've modified it slightly to serve as a standalone
** hash table implementation for the full-text indexing module.
**
*/
#ifndef _FTS2_HASH_H_
#define _FTS2_HASH_H_

/* Forward declarations of structures. */
typedef struct fts2Hash fts2Hash;
typedef struct fts2HashElem fts2HashElem;

/* A complete hash table is an instance of the following structure.
** The internals of this structure are intended to be opaque -- client
** code should not attempt to access or modify the fields of this structure
** directly.  Change this structure only by using the routines below.
** However, many of the "procedures" and "functions" for modifying and
** accessing this structure are really macros, so we can't really make
** this structure opaque.
*/
struct fts2Hash {
  char keyClass;          /* HASH_INT, _POINTER, _STRING, _BINARY */
  char copyKey;           /* True if copy of key made on insert */
  int count;              /* Number of entries in this table */
  fts2HashElem *first;    /* The first element of the array */
  void *(*xMalloc)(int);  /* malloc() function to use */
  void (*xFree)(void *);  /* free() function to use */
  int htsize;             /* Number of buckets in the hash table */
  struct _fts2ht {        /* the hash table */
    int count;               /* Number of entries with this hash */
    fts2HashElem *chain;     /* Pointer to first entry with this hash */
  } *ht;
};

/* Each element in the hash table is an instance of the following 
** structure.  All elements are stored on a single doubly-linked list.
**
** Again, this structure is intended to be opaque, but it can't really
** be opaque because it is used by macros.
*/
struct fts2HashElem {
  fts2HashElem *next, *prev; /* Next and previous elements in the table */
  void *data;                /* Data associated with this element */
  void *pKey; int nKey;      /* Key associated with this element */
};

/*
** There are 2 different modes of operation for a hash table:
**
**   FTS2_HASH_STRING        pKey points to a string that is nKey bytes long
**                           (including the null-terminator, if any).  Case
**                           is respected in comparisons.
**
**   FTS2_HASH_BINARY        pKey points to binary data nKey bytes long. 
**                           memcmp() is used to compare keys.
**
** A copy of the key is made if the copyKey parameter to fts2HashInit is 1.  
*/
#define FTS2_HASH_STRING    1
#define FTS2_HASH_BINARY    2

/*
** Access routines.  To delete, insert a NULL pointer.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2HashInit(fts2Hash*, int keytype, int copyKey);
void *sqlite3Fts2HashInsert(fts2Hash*, const void *pKey, int nKey, void *pData);
void *sqlite3Fts2HashFind(const fts2Hash*, const void *pKey, int nKey);
void sqlite3Fts2HashClear(fts2Hash*);

/*
** Shorthand for the functions above
*/
#define fts2HashInit   sqlite3Fts2HashInit
#define fts2HashInsert sqlite3Fts2HashInsert
#define fts2HashFind   sqlite3Fts2HashFind
#define fts2HashClear  sqlite3Fts2HashClear

/*
** Macros for looping over all elements of a hash table.  The idiom is
** like this:
**
**   fts2Hash h;
**   fts2HashElem *p;
**   ...
**   for(p=fts2HashFirst(&h); p; p=fts2HashNext(p)){
**     SomeStructure *pData = fts2HashData(p);
**     // do something with pData
**   }
*/
#define fts2HashFirst(H)  ((H)->first)
#define fts2HashNext(E)   ((E)->next)
#define fts2HashData(E)   ((E)->data)
#define fts2HashKey(E)    ((E)->pKey)
#define fts2HashKeysize(E) ((E)->nKey)

/*
** Number of entries in a hash table
*/
#define fts2HashCount(H)  ((H)->count)

#endif /* _FTS2_HASH_H_ */

Added ext/fts2/fts2_porter.c.











































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
/*
** 2006 September 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Implementation of the full-text-search tokenizer that implements
** a Porter stemmer.
*/

/*
** The code in this file is only compiled if:
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built as an extension
**       (in which case SQLITE_CORE is not defined), or
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built into the core of
**       SQLite (in which case SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2 is defined).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#if !defined(__APPLE__)
#include <malloc.h>
#else
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

/*
** Class derived from sqlite3_tokenizer
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;      /* Base class */
} porter_tokenizer;

/*
** Class derived from sqlit3_tokenizer_cursor
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer_cursor {
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor base;
  const char *zInput;          /* input we are tokenizing */
  int nInput;                  /* size of the input */
  int iOffset;                 /* current position in zInput */
  int iToken;                  /* index of next token to be returned */
  char *zToken;                /* storage for current token */
  int nAllocated;              /* space allocated to zToken buffer */
} porter_tokenizer_cursor;


/* Forward declaration */
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module porterTokenizerModule;


/*
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int porterCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  porter_tokenizer *t;
  int i;

for(i=0; i<argc; i++) printf("argv[%d] = %s\n", i, argv[i]);
  t = (porter_tokenizer *) calloc(sizeof(porter_tokenizer), 1);
  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int porterDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is zInput[0..nInput-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
** *ppCursor.
*/
static int porterOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *zInput, int nInput,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) malloc(sizeof(porter_tokenizer_cursor));
  c->zInput = zInput;
  if( zInput==0 ){
    c->nInput = 0;
  }else if( nInput<0 ){
    c->nInput = (int)strlen(zInput);
  }else{
    c->nInput = nInput;
  }
  c->iOffset = 0;                 /* start tokenizing at the beginning */
  c->iToken = 0;
  c->zToken = NULL;               /* no space allocated, yet. */
  c->nAllocated = 0;

  *ppCursor = &c->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** porterOpen() above.
*/
static int porterClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  free(c->zToken);
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Vowel or consonant
*/
static const char cType[] = {
   0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,
   1, 1, 1, 2, 1
};

/*
** isConsonant() and isVowel() determine if their first character in
** the string they point to is a consonant or a vowel, according
** to Porter ruls.  
**
** A consonate is any letter other than 'a', 'e', 'i', 'o', or 'u'.
** 'Y' is a consonant unless it follows another consonant,
** in which case it is a vowel.
**
** In these routine, the letters are in reverse order.  So the 'y' rule
** is that 'y' is a consonant unless it is followed by another
** consonent.
*/
static int isVowel(const char*);
static int isConsonant(const char *z){
  int j;
  char x = *z;
  if( x==0 ) return 0;
  assert( x>='a' && x<='z' );
  j = cType[x-'a'];
  if( j<2 ) return j;
  return z[1]==0 || isVowel(z + 1);
}
static int isVowel(const char *z){
  int j;
  char x = *z;
  if( x==0 ) return 0;
  assert( x>='a' && x<='z' );
  j = cType[x-'a'];
  if( j<2 ) return 1-j;
  return isConsonant(z + 1);
}

/*
** Let any sequence of one or more vowels be represented by V and let
** C be sequence of one or more consonants.  Then every word can be
** represented as:
**
**           [C] (VC){m} [V]
**
** In prose:  A word is an optional consonant followed by zero or
** vowel-consonant pairs followed by an optional vowel.  "m" is the
** number of vowel consonant pairs.  This routine computes the value
** of m for the first i bytes of a word.
**
** Return true if the m-value for z is 1 or more.  In other words,
** return true if z contains at least one vowel that is followed
** by a consonant.
**
** In this routine z[] is in reverse order.  So we are really looking
** for an instance of of a consonant followed by a vowel.
*/
static int m_gt_0(const char *z){
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  return *z!=0;
}

/* Like mgt0 above except we are looking for a value of m which is
** exactly 1
*/
static int m_eq_1(const char *z){
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 1;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  return *z==0;
}

/* Like mgt0 above except we are looking for a value of m>1 instead
** or m>0
*/
static int m_gt_1(const char *z){
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  return *z!=0;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if there is a vowel anywhere within z[0..n-1]
*/
static int hasVowel(const char *z){
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  return *z!=0;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the word ends in a double consonant.
**
** The text is reversed here. So we are really looking at
** the first two characters of z[].
*/
static int doubleConsonant(const char *z){
  return isConsonant(z) && z[0]==z[1] && isConsonant(z+1);
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the word ends with three letters which
** are consonant-vowel-consonent and where the final consonant
** is not 'w', 'x', or 'y'.
**
** The word is reversed here.  So we are really checking the
** first three letters and the first one cannot be in [wxy].
*/
static int star_oh(const char *z){
  return
    z[0]!=0 && isConsonant(z) &&
    z[0]!='w' && z[0]!='x' && z[0]!='y' &&
    z[1]!=0 && isVowel(z+1) &&
    z[2]!=0 && isConsonant(z+2);
}

/*
** If the word ends with zFrom and xCond() is true for the stem
** of the word that preceeds the zFrom ending, then change the 
** ending to zTo.
**
** The input word *pz and zFrom are both in reverse order.  zTo
** is in normal order. 
**
** Return TRUE if zFrom matches.  Return FALSE if zFrom does not
** match.  Not that TRUE is returned even if xCond() fails and
** no substitution occurs.
*/
static int stem(
  char **pz,             /* The word being stemmed (Reversed) */
  const char *zFrom,     /* If the ending matches this... (Reversed) */
  const char *zTo,       /* ... change the ending to this (not reversed) */
  int (*xCond)(const char*)   /* Condition that must be true */
){
  char *z = *pz;
  while( *zFrom && *zFrom==*z ){ z++; zFrom++; }
  if( *zFrom!=0 ) return 0;
  if( xCond && !xCond(z) ) return 1;
  while( *zTo ){
    *(--z) = *(zTo++);
  }
  *pz = z;
  return 1;
}

/*
** This is the fallback stemmer used when the porter stemmer is
** inappropriate.  The input word is copied into the output with
** US-ASCII case folding.  If the input word is too long (more
** than 20 bytes if it contains no digits or more than 6 bytes if
** it contains digits) then word is truncated to 20 or 6 bytes
** by taking 10 or 3 bytes from the beginning and end.
*/
static void copy_stemmer(const char *zIn, int nIn, char *zOut, int *pnOut){
  int i, mx, j;
  int hasDigit = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nIn; i++){
    int c = zIn[i];
    if( c>='A' && c<='Z' ){
      zOut[i] = c - 'A' + 'a';
    }else{
      if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) hasDigit = 1;
      zOut[i] = c;
    }
  }
  mx = hasDigit ? 3 : 10;
  if( nIn>mx*2 ){
    for(j=mx, i=nIn-mx; i<nIn; i++, j++){
      zOut[j] = zOut[i];
    }
    i = j;
  }
  zOut[i] = 0;
  *pnOut = i;
}


/*
** Stem the input word zIn[0..nIn-1].  Store the output in zOut.
** zOut is at least big enough to hold nIn bytes.  Write the actual
** size of the output word (exclusive of the '\0' terminator) into *pnOut.
**
** Any upper-case characters in the US-ASCII character set ([A-Z])
** are converted to lower case.  Upper-case UTF characters are
** unchanged.
**
** Words that are longer than about 20 bytes are stemmed by retaining
** a few bytes from the beginning and the end of the word.  If the
** word contains digits, 3 bytes are taken from the beginning and
** 3 bytes from the end.  For long words without digits, 10 bytes
** are taken from each end.  US-ASCII case folding still applies.
** 
** If the input word contains not digits but does characters not 
** in [a-zA-Z] then no stemming is attempted and this routine just 
** copies the input into the input into the output with US-ASCII
** case folding.
**
** Stemming never increases the length of the word.  So there is
** no chance of overflowing the zOut buffer.
*/
static void porter_stemmer(const char *zIn, int nIn, char *zOut, int *pnOut){
  int i, j, c;
  char zReverse[28];
  char *z, *z2;
  if( nIn<3 || nIn>=sizeof(zReverse)-7 ){
    /* The word is too big or too small for the porter stemmer.
    ** Fallback to the copy stemmer */
    copy_stemmer(zIn, nIn, zOut, pnOut);
    return;
  }
  for(i=0, j=sizeof(zReverse)-6; i<nIn; i++, j--){
    c = zIn[i];
    if( c>='A' && c<='Z' ){
      zReverse[j] = c + 'a' - 'A';
    }else if( c>='a' && c<='z' ){
      zReverse[j] = c;
    }else{
      /* The use of a character not in [a-zA-Z] means that we fallback
      ** to the copy stemmer */
      copy_stemmer(zIn, nIn, zOut, pnOut);
      return;
    }
  }
  memset(&zReverse[sizeof(zReverse)-5], 0, 5);
  z = &zReverse[j+1];


  /* Step 1a */
  if( z[0]=='s' ){
    if(
     !stem(&z, "sess", "ss", 0) &&
     !stem(&z, "sei", "i", 0)  &&
     !stem(&z, "ss", "ss", 0)
    ){
      z++;
    }
  }

  /* Step 1b */  
  z2 = z;
  if( stem(&z, "dee", "ee", m_gt_0) ){
    /* Do nothing.  The work was all in the test */
  }else if( 
     (stem(&z, "gni", "", hasVowel) || stem(&z, "de", "", hasVowel))
      && z!=z2
  ){
     if( stem(&z, "ta", "ate", 0) ||
         stem(&z, "lb", "ble", 0) ||
         stem(&z, "zi", "ize", 0) ){
       /* Do nothing.  The work was all in the test */
     }else if( doubleConsonant(z) && (*z!='l' && *z!='s' && *z!='z') ){
       z++;
     }else if( m_eq_1(z) && star_oh(z) ){
       *(--z) = 'e';
     }
  }

  /* Step 1c */
  if( z[0]=='y' && hasVowel(z+1) ){
    z[0] = 'i';
  }

  /* Step 2 */
  switch( z[1] ){
   case 'a':
     stem(&z, "lanoita", "ate", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "lanoit", "tion", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'c':
     stem(&z, "icne", "ence", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "icna", "ance", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'e':
     stem(&z, "rezi", "ize", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'g':
     stem(&z, "igol", "log", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'l':
     stem(&z, "ilb", "ble", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "illa", "al", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "iltne", "ent", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "ile", "e", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "ilsuo", "ous", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'o':
     stem(&z, "noitazi", "ize", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "noita", "ate", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "rota", "ate", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 's':
     stem(&z, "msila", "al", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "ssenevi", "ive", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "ssenluf", "ful", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "ssensuo", "ous", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 't':
     stem(&z, "itila", "al", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "itivi", "ive", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "itilib", "ble", m_gt_0);
     break;
  }

  /* Step 3 */
  switch( z[0] ){
   case 'e':
     stem(&z, "etaci", "ic", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "evita", "", m_gt_0)   ||
     stem(&z, "ezila", "al", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'i':
     stem(&z, "itici", "ic", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 'l':
     stem(&z, "laci", "ic", m_gt_0) ||
     stem(&z, "luf", "", m_gt_0);
     break;
   case 's':
     stem(&z, "ssen", "", m_gt_0);
     break;
  }

  /* Step 4 */
  switch( z[1] ){
   case 'a':
     if( z[0]=='l' && m_gt_1(z+2) ){
       z += 2;
     }
     break;
   case 'c':
     if( z[0]=='e' && z[2]=='n' && (z[3]=='a' || z[3]=='e')  && m_gt_1(z+4)  ){
       z += 4;
     }
     break;
   case 'e':
     if( z[0]=='r' && m_gt_1(z+2) ){
       z += 2;
     }
     break;
   case 'i':
     if( z[0]=='c' && m_gt_1(z+2) ){
       z += 2;
     }
     break;
   case 'l':
     if( z[0]=='e' && z[2]=='b' && (z[3]=='a' || z[3]=='i') && m_gt_1(z+4) ){
       z += 4;
     }
     break;
   case 'n':
     if( z[0]=='t' ){
       if( z[2]=='a' ){
         if( m_gt_1(z+3) ){
           z += 3;
         }
       }else if( z[2]=='e' ){
         stem(&z, "tneme", "", m_gt_1) ||
         stem(&z, "tnem", "", m_gt_1) ||
         stem(&z, "tne", "", m_gt_1);
       }
     }
     break;
   case 'o':
     if( z[0]=='u' ){
       if( m_gt_1(z+2) ){
         z += 2;
       }
     }else if( z[3]=='s' || z[3]=='t' ){
       stem(&z, "noi", "", m_gt_1);
     }
     break;
   case 's':
     if( z[0]=='m' && z[2]=='i' && m_gt_1(z+3) ){
       z += 3;
     }
     break;
   case 't':
     stem(&z, "eta", "", m_gt_1) ||
     stem(&z, "iti", "", m_gt_1);
     break;
   case 'u':
     if( z[0]=='s' && z[2]=='o' && m_gt_1(z+3) ){
       z += 3;
     }
     break;
   case 'v':
   case 'z':
     if( z[0]=='e' && z[2]=='i' && m_gt_1(z+3) ){
       z += 3;
     }
     break;
  }

  /* Step 5a */
  if( z[0]=='e' ){
    if( m_gt_1(z+1) ){
      z++;
    }else if( m_eq_1(z+1) && !star_oh(z+1) ){
      z++;
    }
  }

  /* Step 5b */
  if( m_gt_1(z) && z[0]=='l' && z[1]=='l' ){
    z++;
  }

  /* z[] is now the stemmed word in reverse order.  Flip it back
  ** around into forward order and return.
  */
  *pnOut = i = strlen(z);
  zOut[i] = 0;
  while( *z ){
    zOut[--i] = *(z++);
  }
}

/*
** Characters that can be part of a token.  We assume any character
** whose value is greater than 0x80 (any UTF character) can be
** part of a token.  In other words, delimiters all must have
** values of 0x7f or lower.
*/
const char isIdChar[] = {
/* x0 x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 xA xB xC xD xE xF */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,  /* 3x */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* 4x */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,  /* 5x */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* 6x */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,  /* 7x */
};
#define idChar(C)  (((ch=C)&0x80)!=0 || (ch>0x2f && isIdChar[ch-0x30]))
#define isDelim(C) (((ch=C)&0x80)==0 && (ch<0x30 || !isIdChar[ch-0x30]))

/*
** Extract the next token from a tokenization cursor.  The cursor must
** have been opened by a prior call to porterOpen().
*/
static int porterNext(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor,  /* Cursor returned by porterOpen */
  const char **pzToken,               /* OUT: *pzToken is the token text */
  int *pnBytes,                       /* OUT: Number of bytes in token */
  int *piStartOffset,                 /* OUT: Starting offset of token */
  int *piEndOffset,                   /* OUT: Ending offset of token */
  int *piPosition                     /* OUT: Position integer of token */
){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  const char *z = c->zInput;

  while( c->iOffset<c->nInput ){
    int iStartOffset, ch;

    /* Scan past delimiter characters */
    while( c->iOffset<c->nInput && isDelim(z[c->iOffset]) ){
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    /* Count non-delimiter characters. */
    iStartOffset = c->iOffset;
    while( c->iOffset<c->nInput && !isDelim(z[c->iOffset]) ){
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nAllocated ){
        c->nAllocated = n+20;
        c->zToken = realloc(c->zToken, c->nAllocated);
      }
      porter_stemmer(&z[iStartOffset], n, c->zToken, pnBytes);
      *pzToken = c->zToken;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_DONE;
}

/*
** The set of routines that implement the porter-stemmer tokenizer
*/
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module porterTokenizerModule = {
  0,
  porterCreate,
  porterDestroy,
  porterOpen,
  porterClose,
  porterNext,
};

/*
** Allocate a new porter tokenizer.  Return a pointer to the new
** tokenizer in *ppModule
*/
void sqlite3Fts2PorterTokenizerModule(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule
){
  *ppModule = &porterTokenizerModule;
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2) */

Added ext/fts2/fts2_tokenizer.h.





















































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
/*
** 2006 July 10
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.
**
*************************************************************************
** Defines the interface to tokenizers used by fulltext-search.  There
** are three basic components:
**
** sqlite3_tokenizer_module is a singleton defining the tokenizer
** interface functions.  This is essentially the class structure for
** tokenizers.
**
** sqlite3_tokenizer is used to define a particular tokenizer, perhaps
** including customization information defined at creation time.
**
** sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor is generated by a tokenizer to generate
** tokens from a particular input.
*/
#ifndef _FTS2_TOKENIZER_H_
#define _FTS2_TOKENIZER_H_

/* TODO(shess) Only used for SQLITE_OK and SQLITE_DONE at this time.
** If tokenizers are to be allowed to call sqlite3_*() functions, then
** we will need a way to register the API consistently.
*/
#include "sqlite3.h"

/*
** Structures used by the tokenizer interface.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_tokenizer sqlite3_tokenizer;
typedef struct sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor;
typedef struct sqlite3_tokenizer_module sqlite3_tokenizer_module;

struct sqlite3_tokenizer_module {
  int iVersion;                  /* currently 0 */

  /*
  ** Create and destroy a tokenizer.  argc/argv are passed down from
  ** the fulltext virtual table creation to allow customization.
  */
  int (*xCreate)(int argc, const char *const*argv,
                 sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer);
  int (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer);

  /*
  ** Tokenize a particular input.  Call xOpen() to prepare to
  ** tokenize, xNext() repeatedly until it returns SQLITE_DONE, then
  ** xClose() to free any internal state.  The pInput passed to
  ** xOpen() must exist until the cursor is closed.  The ppToken
  ** result from xNext() is only valid until the next call to xNext()
  ** or until xClose() is called.
  */
  /* TODO(shess) current implementation requires pInput to be
  ** nul-terminated.  This should either be fixed, or pInput/nBytes
  ** should be converted to zInput.
  */
  int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,
               const char *pInput, int nBytes,
               sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor);
  int (*xClose)(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor);
  int (*xNext)(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor,
               const char **ppToken, int *pnBytes,
               int *piStartOffset, int *piEndOffset, int *piPosition);
};

struct sqlite3_tokenizer {
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pModule;  /* The module for this tokenizer */
  /* Tokenizer implementations will typically add additional fields */
};

struct sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor {
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;       /* Tokenizer for this cursor. */
  /* Tokenizer implementations will typically add additional fields */
};

/*
** Get the module for a tokenizer which generates tokens based on a
** set of non-token characters.  The default is to break tokens at any
** non-alnum character, though the set of delimiters can also be
** specified by the first argv argument to xCreate().
*/
/* TODO(shess) This doesn't belong here.  Need some sort of
** registration process.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
void sqlite3Fts2PorterTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);

#endif /* _FTS2_TOKENIZER_H_ */

Added ext/fts2/fts2_tokenizer1.c.

























































































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
/*
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.
**
*************************************************************************
** Implementation of the "simple" full-text-search tokenizer.
*/

/*
** The code in this file is only compiled if:
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built as an extension
**       (in which case SQLITE_CORE is not defined), or
**
**     * The FTS2 module is being built into the core of
**       SQLite (in which case SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2 is defined).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#if !defined(__APPLE__)
#include <malloc.h>
#else
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

typedef struct simple_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;
  char delim[128];             /* flag ASCII delimiters */
} simple_tokenizer;

typedef struct simple_tokenizer_cursor {
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor base;
  const char *pInput;          /* input we are tokenizing */
  int nBytes;                  /* size of the input */
  int iOffset;                 /* current position in pInput */
  int iToken;                  /* index of next token to be returned */
  char *pToken;                /* storage for current token */
  int nTokenAllocated;         /* space allocated to zToken buffer */
} simple_tokenizer_cursor;


/* Forward declaration */
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module simpleTokenizerModule;

static int isDelim(simple_tokenizer *t, unsigned char c){
  return c<0x80 && t->delim[c];
}

/*
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int simpleCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  simple_tokenizer *t;

  t = (simple_tokenizer *) calloc(sizeof(simple_tokenizer), 1);
  /* TODO(shess) Delimiters need to remain the same from run to run,
  ** else we need to reindex.  One solution would be a meta-table to
  ** track such information in the database, then we'd only want this
  ** information on the initial create.
  */
  if( argc>1 ){
    int i, n = strlen(argv[1]);
    for(i=0; i<n; i++){
      unsigned char ch = argv[1][i];
      /* We explicitly don't support UTF-8 delimiters for now. */
      if( ch>=0x80 ){
        free(t);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      t->delim[ch] = 1;
    }
  } else {
    /* Mark non-alphanumeric ASCII characters as delimiters */
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<0x80; i++){
      t->delim[i] = !isalnum(i);
    }
  }

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int simpleDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is pInput[0..nBytes-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
** *ppCursor.
*/
static int simpleOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *pInput, int nBytes,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) malloc(sizeof(simple_tokenizer_cursor));
  c->pInput = pInput;
  if( pInput==0 ){
    c->nBytes = 0;
  }else if( nBytes<0 ){
    c->nBytes = (int)strlen(pInput);
  }else{
    c->nBytes = nBytes;
  }
  c->iOffset = 0;                 /* start tokenizing at the beginning */
  c->iToken = 0;
  c->pToken = NULL;               /* no space allocated, yet. */
  c->nTokenAllocated = 0;

  *ppCursor = &c->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** simpleOpen() above.
*/
static int simpleClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  free(c->pToken);
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Extract the next token from a tokenization cursor.  The cursor must
** have been opened by a prior call to simpleOpen().
*/
static int simpleNext(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor,  /* Cursor returned by simpleOpen */
  const char **ppToken,               /* OUT: *ppToken is the token text */
  int *pnBytes,                       /* OUT: Number of bytes in token */
  int *piStartOffset,                 /* OUT: Starting offset of token */
  int *piEndOffset,                   /* OUT: Ending offset of token */
  int *piPosition                     /* OUT: Position integer of token */
){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  simple_tokenizer *t = (simple_tokenizer *) pCursor->pTokenizer;
  unsigned char *p = (unsigned char *)c->pInput;

  while( c->iOffset<c->nBytes ){
    int iStartOffset;

    /* Scan past delimiter characters */
    while( c->iOffset<c->nBytes && isDelim(t, p[c->iOffset]) ){
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    /* Count non-delimiter characters. */
    iStartOffset = c->iOffset;
    while( c->iOffset<c->nBytes && !isDelim(t, p[c->iOffset]) ){
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int i, n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nTokenAllocated ){
        c->nTokenAllocated = n+20;
        c->pToken = realloc(c->pToken, c->nTokenAllocated);
      }
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        /* TODO(shess) This needs expansion to handle UTF-8
        ** case-insensitivity.
        */
        unsigned char ch = p[iStartOffset+i];
        c->pToken[i] = ch<0x80 ? tolower(ch) : ch;
      }
      *ppToken = c->pToken;
      *pnBytes = n;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_DONE;
}

/*
** The set of routines that implement the simple tokenizer
*/
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module simpleTokenizerModule = {
  0,
  simpleCreate,
  simpleDestroy,
  simpleOpen,
  simpleClose,
  simpleNext,
};

/*
** Allocate a new simple tokenizer.  Return a pointer to the new
** tokenizer in *ppModule
*/
void sqlite3Fts2SimpleTokenizerModule(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule
){
  *ppModule = &simpleTokenizerModule;
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2) */