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Comment:Add further test cases to e_fkey.test.
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SHA1:c85e58743a87bfbea6376c237e5e3a6909184f6c
User & Date: dan 2009-10-13 10:39:17
Context
2009-10-13
12:48
Make sure mem3.c releases its mutex on an sqlite3_shutdown() call. check-in: 16254ad5 user: drh tags: trunk
10:39
Add further test cases to e_fkey.test. check-in: c85e5874 user: dan tags: trunk
2009-10-12
22:30
Add asserts as evidence that all FK constraints are either immediate or deferred. check-in: 634ef4fc user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to test/e_fkey.test.

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# either SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER or SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY was defined
# at build time).
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl



###########################################################################
### SECTION 2: Enabling Foreign Key Support
###########################################################################

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33710-56344 */
#
................................................................................
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child6 VALUES(2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-56.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child7 VALUES(3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------


# /* EV: R-03108-63659 */
# /* EV: R-60781-26576 */
#
# Test errors in the database schema that are detected while preparing
# DML statements. The error text for these messages always matches 
# either "foreign key mismatch" or "no such table*" (using [string match]).
#
do_test e_fkey-57.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES nosuchtable, d);

    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p2(a, x));

    CREATE TABLE p3(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
................................................................................

    CREATE TABLE p4(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX p4i ON p4(b COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE TABLE c4(c REFERENCES p4(b), d);

    CREATE TABLE p5(a PRIMARY KEY, b COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX p5i ON p5(b COLLATE binary);
    CREATE TABLE c5(c REFERENCES p4(b), d);

    CREATE TABLE p6(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
    CREATE TABLE c6(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p6);

    CREATE TABLE p7(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c7(c, d REFERENCES p7);
  }
} {}

foreach {tn tbl err} {
  2 c1 "no such table: main.nosuchtable"
  3 c2 "foreign key mismatch"
  4 c3 "foreign key mismatch"
  5 c4 "foreign key mismatch"
  6 c5 "foreign key mismatch"
  7 c6 "foreign key mismatch"
  8 c7 "foreign key mismatch"
} {
  do_test e_fkey-57.$tn {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl VALUES('a', 'b')"
  } [list 1 $err]


















}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19353-43643 */
#
# Test the example of foreign key mismatch errors caused by implicitly
# mapping a child key to the primary key of the parent table when the
................................................................................
test_efkey_60 2 1 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 3 0 "INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 4 0 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 5 1 "INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 6 0 "INSERT INTO p2 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 7 0 "INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(239, 231)"








































































































































































































###########################################################################
### SECTION 4.1: Composite Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################
















































#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24676-09859 */
#
# Test the example schema in the "Composite Foreign Key Constraints" 
# section.
#
................................................................................
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-36.3 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis Is Back!', 'Fever');
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33626-48418 */
#
# Check that if any of the child key columns in the above schema are NULL,
# there is no requirement for a corresponding parent key.
#







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# either SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER or SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY was defined
# at build time).
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

proc eqp {sql {db db}} { uplevel execsql [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql"] $db }

###########################################################################
### SECTION 2: Enabling Foreign Key Support
###########################################################################

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33710-56344 */
#
................................................................................
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child6 VALUES(2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-56.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child7 VALUES(3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-45488-08504 */
# /* EV: R-48391-38472 */
# /* EV: R-03108-63659 */
# /* EV: R-60781-26576 */
#
# Test errors in the database schema that are detected while preparing
# DML statements. The error text for these messages always matches 
# either "foreign key mismatch" or "no such table*" (using [string match]).
#
do_test e_fkey-66.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES nosuchtable, d);

    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p2(a, x));

    CREATE TABLE p3(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
................................................................................

    CREATE TABLE p4(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX p4i ON p4(b COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE TABLE c4(c REFERENCES p4(b), d);

    CREATE TABLE p5(a PRIMARY KEY, b COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX p5i ON p5(b COLLATE binary);
    CREATE TABLE c5(c REFERENCES p5(b), d);

    CREATE TABLE p6(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
    CREATE TABLE c6(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p6);

    CREATE TABLE p7(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c7(c, d REFERENCES p7);
  }
} {}

foreach {tn tbl ptbl err} {
  2 c1 {} "no such table: main.nosuchtable"
  3 c2 p2 "foreign key mismatch"
  4 c3 p3 "foreign key mismatch"
  5 c4 p4 "foreign key mismatch"
  6 c5 p5 "foreign key mismatch"
  7 c6 p6 "foreign key mismatch"
  8 c7 p7 "foreign key mismatch"
} {
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.1 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl VALUES('a', 'b')"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.2 {
    catchsql "UPDATE $tbl SET c = ?, d = ?"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.3 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl SELECT ?, ?"
  } [list 1 $err]

  if {$ptbl ne ""} {
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.4 {
      catchsql "DELETE FROM $ptbl"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.5 {
      catchsql "UPDATE $ptbl SET a = ?, b = ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.6 {
      catchsql "INSERT INTO $ptbl SELECT ?, ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19353-43643 */
#
# Test the example of foreign key mismatch errors caused by implicitly
# mapping a child key to the primary key of the parent table when the
................................................................................
test_efkey_60 2 1 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 3 0 "INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 4 0 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 5 1 "INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 6 0 "INSERT INTO p2 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 7 0 "INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(239, 231)"

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-15417-28014 */
#
# Test that an index on on the child key columns of an FK constraint
# is optional.
#
# /* EV: R-15741-50893 */
#
# Also test that if an index is created on the child key columns, it does
# not make a difference whether or not it is a UNIQUE index.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-61.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x));
    CREATE TABLE c1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c3(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE INDEX c2i ON c2(a, b);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX c3i ON c2(b, a);
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_61 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-61.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
foreach {tn c} [list 2 c1 3 c2 4 c3] {
  test_efkey_61 $tn.1 1 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.2 0 "INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.3 0 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"

  execsql "DELETE FROM $c ; DELETE FROM parent"
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-00279-52283 */
#
# Test an example showing that when a row is deleted from the parent 
# table, the child table is queried for orphaned rows as follows:
#
#   SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?
#
# /* EV: R-23302-30956 */
#
# Also test that if the SELECT above would return any rows, a foreign
# key constraint is violated.
#
do_test e_fkey-62.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-62.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-62.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-62.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(6, 'artist 6');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(7, 'artist 7');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 5);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', 6);
  }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-62.5 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 5 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5 }]
} {1 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test e_fkey-62.6 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 7 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 7 }]
} {0 {}}

do_test e_fkey-62.7 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 6 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 6 }]
} {2 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-54172-55848 */
#
# Test that when a row is deleted from the parent table of an FK 
# constraint, the child table is queried for orphaned rows. The
# query is equivalent to:
#
#   SELECT rowid FROM <child-table> WHERE <child-key> = :parent_key_value
#
# /* EV: R-61616-46700 */
#
# Also test that when a row is inserted into the parent table, or when the 
# parent key values of an existing row are modified, a query equivalent
# to the following is planned. In some cases it is not executed, but it
# is always planned.
#
#   SELECT rowid FROM <child-table> WHERE <child-key> = :parent_key_value
#
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-64.1 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x)) }
} {}
foreach {tn sql} {
  2 { 
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y))
  }
  3 { 
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE INDEX childi ON child(a, b);
  }
  4 { 
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX childi ON child(b, a);
  }
} {
  execsql $sql

  execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF}
  set delete [concat \
      [eqp "DELETE FROM parent WHERE 1"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"]
  ]
  set update [concat \
      [eqp "UPDATE parent SET x=?, y=?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"]
  ]
  execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON}

  do_test e_fkey-64.$tn.1 { eqp "DELETE FROM parent WHERE 1" } $delete
  do_test e_fkey-64.$tn.2 { eqp "UPDATE parent set x=?, y=?" } $update

  execsql {DROP TABLE child}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-14553-34013 */
#
# Test the example schema at the end of section 3. Also test that is
# is "efficient". In this case "efficient" means that foreign key
# related operations on the parent table do not provoke linear scans.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-63.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist
    );
    CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-63.2 {
  eqp { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(?, ?) }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-63.3 {
  eqp { UPDATE artist SET artistid = ?, artistname = ? }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]
do_test e_fkey-63.4 {
  eqp { DELETE FROM artist }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]


###########################################################################
### SECTION 4.1: Composite Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-41062-34431 */
#
# Check that parent and child keys must have the same number of columns.
#
foreach {tn sql err} {
  1 "CREATE TABLE c(jj REFERENCES p(x, y))" 
    {foreign key on jj should reference only one column of table p}

  2 "CREATE TABLE c(jj REFERENCES p())" {near ")": syntax error}

  3 "CREATE TABLE c(jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj) REFERENCES p(x, y))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}

  4 "CREATE TABLE c(jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj) REFERENCES p())" 
    {near ")": syntax error}

  5 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p())" 
    {near ")": syntax error}

  6 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}

  7 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x,y,z))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}
} {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test e_fkey-65.$tn [list catchsql $sql] [list 1 $err]
}
do_test e_fkey-65.8 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a,b) REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-65.9 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x, y, PRIMARY KEY(x,y));
    CREATE TABLE c(a REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24676-09859 */
#
# Test the example schema in the "Composite Foreign Key Constraints" 
# section.
#
................................................................................
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-36.3 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis Is Back!', 'Fever');
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33626-48418 */
#
# Check that if any of the child key columns in the above schema are NULL,
# there is no requirement for a corresponding parent key.
#