/ Check-in [c77554b5]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Make the distinction between truly deterministic functions and date/time functions which only return the same answer for a single query. Only truly deterministic functions are allowed in indexes. Add new expression index test cases.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | index-expr
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: c77554b5c42327106a7b90334e9cc3c07b007c76
User & Date: drh 2015-08-31 17:34:41
Context
2015-08-31
18:13
Case should not be significant when comparing function names. check-in: e2f1caf1 user: drh tags: index-expr
17:34
Make the distinction between truly deterministic functions and date/time functions which only return the same answer for a single query. Only truly deterministic functions are allowed in indexes. Add new expression index test cases. check-in: c77554b5 user: drh tags: index-expr
15:58
Improved analysis and usage of indexed expressions in the query planner. check-in: f8893696 user: drh tags: index-expr
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/date.c.

1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
*/
void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aDateTimeFuncs[] = {
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
    FUNCTION(julianday,        -1, 0, 0, juliandayFunc ),
    FUNCTION(date,             -1, 0, 0, dateFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(time,             -1, 0, 0, timeFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(datetime,         -1, 0, 0, datetimeFunc  ),
    FUNCTION(strftime,         -1, 0, 0, strftimeFunc  ),
    FUNCTION(current_time,      0, 0, 0, ctimeFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, 0, 0, ctimestampFunc),
    FUNCTION(current_date,      0, 0, 0, cdateFunc     ),
#else
    STR_FUNCTION(current_time,      0, "%H:%M:%S",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_date,      0, "%Y-%m-%d",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
#endif
  };
  int i;







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|







1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
*/
void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aDateTimeFuncs[] = {
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
    DFUNCTION(julianday,        -1, 0, 0, juliandayFunc ),
    DFUNCTION(date,             -1, 0, 0, dateFunc      ),
    DFUNCTION(time,             -1, 0, 0, timeFunc      ),
    DFUNCTION(datetime,         -1, 0, 0, datetimeFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(strftime,         -1, 0, 0, strftimeFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(current_time,      0, 0, 0, ctimeFunc     ),
    DFUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, 0, 0, ctimestampFunc),
    DFUNCTION(current_date,      0, 0, 0, cdateFunc     ),
#else
    STR_FUNCTION(current_time,      0, "%H:%M:%S",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_date,      0, "%Y-%m-%d",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
#endif
  };
  int i;

Changes to src/resolve.c.

728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735



736
737




738
739
740
741
742
743
744
                                    pDef->zName);
            pNC->nErr++;
          }
          pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
          return WRC_Prune;
        }
#endif
        if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT ){



          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);
        }else{




          notValid(pParse, pNC, "non-deterministic functions", NC_IdxExpr, 0);
        }
      }
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;







|
>
>
>

<
>
>
>
>







728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739

740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
                                    pDef->zName);
            pNC->nErr++;
          }
          pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
          return WRC_Prune;
        }
#endif
        if( pDef->funcFlags & (SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_FUNC_DATETIME) ){
          /* For the purposes of the EP_ConstFunc flag, date and time
          ** functions are considered constant because the the time does
          ** not change for the duration of a query. */
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);

        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT)==0 ){
          /* DATETIME functions are considered non-deterministic because of
          ** the 'now' capability */
          notValid(pParse, pNC, "non-deterministic functions", NC_IdxExpr, 0);
        }
      }
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398

1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
....
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413




1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
....
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433



1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
....
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT 0x800 /* Constant inputs give a constant output */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX  0x1000 /* True for min() and max() aggregates */


/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     value passed as iArg is cast to a (void*) and made available
**     as the user-data (sqlite3_user_data()) for the function. If 
**     argument bNC is true, then the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL flag is set.
**
**   VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag.
**




**   AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xStep, xFinal)
**     Used to create an aggregate function definition implemented by
**     the C functions xStep and xFinal. The first four parameters
**     are interpreted in the same way as the first 4 parameters to
**     FUNCTION().
**
**   LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, pArg, flags)
................................................................................
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}



#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg,SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags,\
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
................................................................................
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */
#define EP_ConstFunc 0x080000 /* Node is a SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT function */
#define EP_CanBeNull 0x100000 /* Can be null despite NOT NULL constraint */
#define EP_Subquery  0x200000 /* Tree contains a TK_SELECT operator */

/*
** Combinations of two or more EP_* flags
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery) /* Propagate these bits up tree */







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>







 







>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







|







1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
....
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
....
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
....
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x0003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x0004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x0008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x0010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x0020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x0040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x0080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x0100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x0200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x0400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT 0x0800 /* Constant inputs give a constant output */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX   0x1000 /* True for min() and max() aggregates */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_DATETIME 0x2000 /* Function returns a date and/or time */

/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     value passed as iArg is cast to a (void*) and made available
**     as the user-data (sqlite3_user_data()) for the function. If 
**     argument bNC is true, then the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL flag is set.
**
**   VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag.
**
**   DFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag and
**     adds the SQLITE_FUNC_DATETIME flag.  Used for date & time functions.
**
**   AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xStep, xFinal)
**     Used to create an aggregate function definition implemented by
**     the C functions xStep and xFinal. The first four parameters
**     are interpreted in the same way as the first 4 parameters to
**     FUNCTION().
**
**   LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, pArg, flags)
................................................................................
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define DFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_DATETIME|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg,SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags,\
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
................................................................................
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */
#define EP_ConstFunc 0x080000 /* A SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT or _DATETIME function */
#define EP_CanBeNull 0x100000 /* Can be null despite NOT NULL constraint */
#define EP_Subquery  0x200000 /* Tree contains a TK_SELECT operator */

/*
** Combinations of two or more EP_* flags
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery) /* Propagate these bits up tree */

Changes to test/indexexpr1.test.

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43








44































































































45

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-100 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c);
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c)
  VALUES('In the beginning was the Word',1,1),
        ('and the Word was with God',1,2),
        ('and the Word was God',1,3),
        ('The same was in the beginning with God',2,1),
        ('All things were made by him',3,1),
        ('and without him was not any thing made that was made',3,2);
  CREATE INDEX t1a1 ON t1(substr(a,1,12));
} {}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-110 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and the Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-110eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and the Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-120 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and the Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-120eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and the Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}









































































































finish_test







|
|
|
|
|
|



|



|


|



|


>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-100 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c);
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c)
  VALUES('In_the_beginning_was_the_Word',1,1),
        ('and_the_Word_was_with_God',1,2),
        ('and_the_Word_was_God',1,3),
        ('The_same_was_in_the_beginning_with_God',2,1),
        ('All_things_were_made_by_him',3,1),
        ('and_without_him_was_not_any_thing_made_that_was_made',3,2);
  CREATE INDEX t1a1 ON t1(substr(a,1,12));
} {}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-110 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and_the_Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-110eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and_the_Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-120 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and_the_Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-120eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and_the_Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-130 {
  CREATE INDEX t1ba ON t1(b,substr(a,2,3),c);
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1 AND substr(a,2,3)='nd_' ORDER BY c;
} {2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-130eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1 AND substr(a,2,3)='nd_' ORDER BY c;
} {/USING INDEX t1ba/}

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-140 {
  SELECT rowid, substr(a,b,3), '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY 2;
} {1 In_ | 2 and | 3 and | 6 d_w | 4 he_ | 5 l_t |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-141 {
  CREATE INDEX t1abx ON t1(substr(a,b,3));
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +rowid;
} {1 2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-141eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +rowid;
} {/USING INDEX t1abx/}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-142 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE +substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +rowid;
} {1 2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-150 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3) IN ('and','l_t','xyz')
   ORDER BY +rowid;
} {2 3 5}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-150eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3) IN ('and','l_t','xyz')
   ORDER BY +rowid;
} {/USING INDEX t1abx/}

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-200 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(id ANY PRIMARY KEY, a,b,c) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t1(id,a,b,c)
  VALUES(1,'In_the_beginning_was_the_Word',1,1),
        (2,'and_the_Word_was_with_God',1,2),
        (3,'and_the_Word_was_God',1,3),
        (4,'The_same_was_in_the_beginning_with_God',2,1),
        (5,'All_things_were_made_by_him',3,1),
        (6,'and_without_him_was_not_any_thing_made_that_was_made',3,2);
  CREATE INDEX t1a1 ON t1(substr(a,1,12));
} {}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-210 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and_the_Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-210eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,1,12)=='and_the_Word' ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-220 {
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and_the_Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {1 2 | 1 3 |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-220eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b, c, '|' FROM t1 WHERE 'and_the_Word'==substr(a,1,12) ORDER BY b, c;
} {/USING INDEX t1a1/}

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-230 {
  CREATE INDEX t1ba ON t1(b,substr(a,2,3),c);
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1 AND substr(a,2,3)='nd_' ORDER BY c;
} {2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-230eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1 AND substr(a,2,3)='nd_' ORDER BY c;
} {/USING INDEX t1ba/}

do_execsql_test indexexpr1-240 {
  SELECT id, substr(a,b,3), '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY 2;
} {1 In_ | 2 and | 3 and | 6 d_w | 4 he_ | 5 l_t |}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-241 {
  CREATE INDEX t1abx ON t1(substr(a,b,3));
  SELECT id FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +id;
} {1 2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-241eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT id FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +id;
} {/USING INDEX t1abx/}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-242 {
  SELECT id FROM t1 WHERE +substr(a,b,3)<='and' ORDER BY +id;
} {1 2 3}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-250 {
  SELECT id FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3) IN ('and','l_t','xyz')
   ORDER BY +id;
} {2 3 5}
do_execsql_test indexexpr1-250eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT id FROM t1 WHERE substr(a,b,3) IN ('and','l_t','xyz')
   ORDER BY +id;
} {/USING INDEX t1abx/}

do_catchsql_test indexexpr1-300 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a,b,c);
  CREATE INDEX t2x1 ON t2(a,b+random());
} {1 {non-deterministic functions prohibited in index expressions}}
do_catchsql_test indexexpr1-301 {
  CREATE INDEX t2x1 ON t2(a+julianday('now'));
} {1 {non-deterministic functions prohibited in index expressions}}
do_catchsql_test indexexpr1-310 {
  CREATE INDEX t2x2 ON t2(a,b+(SELECT 15));
} {1 {subqueries prohibited in index expressions}}

finish_test