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Overview
Comment:Modify the patternCompare() function (used for GLOB, LIKE) to better handle patterns containing multiple wildcard characters ("*", "%").
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SHA1: c5e5614d98a752738c081fecdd1e349a1a92b0e5
User & Date: dan 2016-12-01 17:34:59
Context
2016-12-01
18:49
Faster version of patternCompare() that uses new return values rather than an extra parameter to communicate wildcard information back up to parent searches. Closed-Leaf check-in: a1e2b6ce user: drh tags: pattern-compare-optimization
17:34
Modify the patternCompare() function (used for GLOB, LIKE) to better handle patterns containing multiple wildcard characters ("*", "%"). check-in: c5e5614d user: dan tags: pattern-compare-optimization
2016-11-30
16:54
Add the remember(V,PTR) extension function which copies an SQL value into an application variable. check-in: d2d30914 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/func.c.

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**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
  u32 matchOther                   /* The escape char (LIKE) or '[' (GLOB) */

){
  u32 c, c2;                       /* Next pattern and input string chars */
  u32 matchOne = pInfo->matchOne;  /* "?" or "_" */
  u32 matchAll = pInfo->matchAll;  /* "*" or "%" */
  u8 noCase = pInfo->noCase;       /* True if uppercase==lowercase */
  const u8 *zEscaped = 0;          /* One past the last escaped input char */
  
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */

      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return 0;
        }else{

          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString
                 && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther)==0 ){


            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }
          return *zString!=0;
        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively contine the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;

        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;

        }


      }else{

        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;



        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
................................................................................
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.
*/
int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){

  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[')==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.
*/
int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){

  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc)==0;
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
      return;
    }
    escape = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zEsc);
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape));
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.







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**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
  u32 matchOther,                  /* The escape char (LIKE) or '[' (GLOB) */
  int *pbSeenMatchAll              /* OUT: True if have seen matchAll */
){
  u32 c, c2;                       /* Next pattern and input string chars */
  u32 matchOne = pInfo->matchOne;  /* "?" or "_" */
  u32 matchAll = pInfo->matchAll;  /* "*" or "%" */
  u8 noCase = pInfo->noCase;       /* True if uppercase==lowercase */
  const u8 *zEscaped = 0;          /* One past the last escaped input char */
  
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      *pbSeenMatchAll = 1;
      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return 0;
        }else{
          int bMA = 0;            /* True if patternCompare sees matchAll */
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString
            && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther,&bMA)==0
          ){
            if( bMA ) return 0;
            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }
          return *zString!=0;
        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively continue the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;
        int bMatchAll = 0;
        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther, &bMatchAll) ){
            return 1;
          }
          if( bMatchAll ) break;
        }
      }else{
        int bMatchAll = 0;
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther, &bMatchAll) ){
            return 1;
          }
          if( bMatchAll ) break;
        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
................................................................................
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.
*/
int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){
  int dummy = 0;
  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[', &dummy)==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.
*/
int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){
  int dummy = 0;
  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc, &dummy)==0;
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
      return;
    }
    escape = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zEsc);
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){
    int dummy = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape, &dummy));
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.