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Overview
Comment:Add support for generated columns.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: b855acf1831943b3914491ed0bc333131321930cab480a5281012a3aebbba492
User & Date: drh 2019-10-26 18:47:47
Context
2019-10-26
18:56
Remove redundant code resulting from a merge error on the previous check-in. check-in: 713fe86b user: drh tags: trunk
18:47
Add support for generated columns. check-in: b855acf1 user: drh tags: trunk
17:08
Performance optimization on sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks() - bypass the loop that checks each column for NOT NULL constraints if it is known in advance that the table has no NOT NULL constraints. check-in: e3c3f4d7 user: drh tags: trunk
2019-10-24
23:43
Merge fixes from trunk. Closed-Leaf check-in: 4ec57d88 user: drh tags: generated-columns
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/alter.c.

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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Invoke the authorization callback. */
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE, zDb, pTab->zName, 0) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* If the default value for the new column was specified with a 
  ** literal NULL, then set pDflt to 0. This simplifies checking
  ** for an SQL NULL default below.
  */
  assert( pDflt==0 || pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
  if( pDflt && pDflt->pLeft->op==TK_NULL ){
    pDflt = 0;
  }

  /* Check that the new column is not specified as PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE.
  ** If there is a NOT NULL constraint, then the default value for the
  ** column must not be NULL.
  */
  if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a PRIMARY KEY column");
    return;
  }
  if( pNew->pIndex ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a UNIQUE column");
    return;
  }









  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys) && pNew->pFKey && pDflt ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value");
    return;
  }
  if( pCol->notNull && !pDflt ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "Cannot add a NOT NULL column with default value NULL");
    return;
  }

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    int rc;
    rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB, &pVal);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed == 1 );
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
      return;
    }
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  }






  /* Modify the CREATE TABLE statement. */
  zCol = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pColDef->z, pColDef->n);
  if( zCol ){
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    u32 savedDbFlags = db->mDbFlags;
    while( zEnd>zCol && (*zEnd==';' || sqlite3Isspace(*zEnd)) ){
................................................................................
        for(pIdx=sParse.pNewTable->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3WalkExprList(&sWalker, pIdx->aColExpr);
        }
        for(pIdx=sParse.pNewIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3WalkExprList(&sWalker, pIdx->aColExpr);
        }
      }






      for(pFKey=sParse.pNewTable->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
        for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
          if( bFKOnly==0 && pFKey->aCol[i].iFrom==iCol ){
            renameTokenFind(&sParse, &sCtx, (void*)&pFKey->aCol[i]);
          }
          if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(pFKey->zTo, zTable)







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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Invoke the authorization callback. */
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE, zDb, pTab->zName, 0) ){
    return;
  }
#endif










  /* Check that the new column is not specified as PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE.
  ** If there is a NOT NULL constraint, then the default value for the
  ** column must not be NULL.
  */
  if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a PRIMARY KEY column");
    return;
  }
  if( pNew->pIndex ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a UNIQUE column");
    return;
  }
  if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)==0 ){
    /* If the default value for the new column was specified with a 
    ** literal NULL, then set pDflt to 0. This simplifies checking
    ** for an SQL NULL default below.
    */
    assert( pDflt==0 || pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
    if( pDflt && pDflt->pLeft->op==TK_NULL ){
      pDflt = 0;
    }
    if( (db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys) && pNew->pFKey && pDflt ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value");
      return;
    }
    if( pCol->notNull && !pDflt ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "Cannot add a NOT NULL column with default value NULL");
      return;
    }

    /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
    ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
    */
    if( pDflt ){
      sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
      int rc;
      rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB, &pVal);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( db->mallocFailed == 1 );
        return;
      }
      if( !pVal ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
        return;
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
    }
  }else if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot add a STORED column");
    return;
  }


  /* Modify the CREATE TABLE statement. */
  zCol = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pColDef->z, pColDef->n);
  if( zCol ){
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    u32 savedDbFlags = db->mDbFlags;
    while( zEnd>zCol && (*zEnd==';' || sqlite3Isspace(*zEnd)) ){
................................................................................
        for(pIdx=sParse.pNewTable->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3WalkExprList(&sWalker, pIdx->aColExpr);
        }
        for(pIdx=sParse.pNewIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3WalkExprList(&sWalker, pIdx->aColExpr);
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
      for(i=0; i<sParse.pNewTable->nCol; i++){
        sqlite3WalkExpr(&sWalker, sParse.pNewTable->aCol[i].pDflt);
      }
#endif

      for(pFKey=sParse.pNewTable->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
        for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
          if( bFKOnly==0 && pFKey->aCol[i].iFrom==iCol ){
            renameTokenFind(&sParse, &sCtx, (void*)&pFKey->aCol[i]);
          }
          if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(pFKey->zTo, zTable)

Changes to src/analyze.c.

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    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
      regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        assert( k>=0 && k<pIdx->nColumn );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, regKey+j);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }







|







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    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
      regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        assert( k>=0 && k<pIdx->nColumn );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, regKey+j);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }

Changes to src/build.c.

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Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table *pTab){
  Index *p;
  for(p=pTab->pIndex; p && !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(p); p=p->pNext){}
  return p;
}

/*
** Return the column of index pIdx that corresponds to table
** column iCol.  Return -1 if not found.


*/
i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index *pIdx, i16 iCol){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[i] ) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}













































































/*
** Begin constructing a new table representation in memory.  This is
** the first of several action routines that get called in response
** to a CREATE TABLE statement.  In particular, this routine is called
** after seeing tokens "CREATE" and "TABLE" and the table name. The isTemp
** flag is true if the table should be stored in the auxiliary database
................................................................................
    memcpy(zType, pType->z, pType->n);
    zType[pType->n] = 0;
    sqlite3Dequote(zType);
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(zType, pCol);
    pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
  }
  p->nCol++;

  pParse->constraintName.n = 0;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pExpr, db->init.busy) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);






    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory.
      */
      Expr x;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      memset(&x, 0, sizeof(x));
................................................................................
static void sqlite3StringToId(Expr *p){
  if( p->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->op = TK_ID;
  }else if( p->op==TK_COLLATE && p->pLeft->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->pLeft->op = TK_ID;
  }
}
















/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the
** most recently added column of the table is the primary key.
**
** A table can have at most one primary key.  If the table already has
................................................................................
      "table \"%s\" has more than one primary key", pTab->zName);
    goto primary_key_exit;
  }
  pTab->tabFlags |= TF_HasPrimaryKey;
  if( pList==0 ){
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
    pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
    nTerm = 1;
  }else{
    nTerm = pList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){
      Expr *pCExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[i].pExpr);
      assert( pCExpr!=0 );
      sqlite3StringToId(pCExpr);
      if( pCExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        const char *zCName = pCExpr->u.zToken;
        for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zCName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){
            pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
            pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  if( nTerm==1
................................................................................
        pIdx->azColl[0] = p->aCol[i].zColl;
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
}















































/*
** Generate code that will increment the schema cookie.
**
** The schema cookie is used to determine when the schema for the
** database changes.  After each schema change, the cookie value
** changes.  When a process first reads the schema it records the
................................................................................

/* Recompute the colNotIdxed field of the Index.
**
** colNotIdxed is a bitmask that has a 0 bit representing each indexed
** columns that are within the first 63 columns of the table.  The
** high-order bit of colNotIdxed is always 1.  All unindexed columns
** of the table have a 1.








**
** The colNotIdxed mask is AND-ed with the SrcList.a[].colUsed mask
** to determine if the index is covering index.
*/
static void recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(Index *pIdx){
  Bitmask m = 0;
  int j;

  for(j=pIdx->nColumn-1; j>=0; j--){
    int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( x>=0 ){

      testcase( x==BMS-1 );
      testcase( x==BMS-2 );
      if( x<BMS-1 ) m |= MASKBIT(x);
    }
  }
  pIdx->colNotIdxed = ~m;
  assert( (pIdx->colNotIdxed>>63)==1 );
................................................................................
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=j );
  }

  /* Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY index
  */
  nExtra = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, nPk, i) ) nExtra++;

  }
  if( resizeIndexObject(db, pPk, nPk+nExtra) ) return;
  for(i=0, j=nPk; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, i) ){


      assert( j<pPk->nColumn );
      pPk->aiColumn[j] = i;
      pPk->azColl[j] = sqlite3StrBINARY;
      j++;
    }
  }
  assert( pPk->nColumn==j );
  assert( pTab->nCol<=j );
  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pPk);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Return true if zName is a shadow table name in the current database
** connection.
................................................................................
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
          "AUTOINCREMENT not allowed on WITHOUT ROWID tables");
      return;
    }
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_HasPrimaryKey)==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "PRIMARY KEY missing on table %s", p->zName);
    }else{

      p->tabFlags |= TF_WithoutRowid | TF_NoVisibleRowid;
      convertToWithoutRowidTable(pParse, p);
    }
  }

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

















  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

................................................................................
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      if( pParse->nErr ) return;
      pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSelect, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB);
      if( pSelTab==0 ) return;
      assert( p->aCol==0 );
      p->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      p->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
      if( pParse->nErr ) return;
................................................................................
                                               SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
      }
    }else if( pSelTab ){
      /* CREATE VIEW name AS...  without an argument list.  Construct
      ** the column names from the SELECT statement that defines the view.
      */
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
................................................................................
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;

      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
        pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;




      }
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = (i16)j;
    }
    zColl = 0;
    if( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
      int nColl;
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  /* If this index contains every column of its table, then mark
  ** it as a covering index */
  assert( HasRowid(pTab) 
      || pTab->iPKey<0 || sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIndex, pTab->iPKey)>=0 );
  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pIndex);
  if( pTblName!=0 && pIndex->nColumn>=pTab->nCol ){
    pIndex->isCovering = 1;
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;
      if( sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIndex,j)>=0 ) continue;
      pIndex->isCovering = 0;
      break;
    }
  }

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a







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Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table *pTab){
  Index *p;
  for(p=pTab->pIndex; p && !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(p); p=p->pNext){}
  return p;
}

/*
** Convert an table column number into a index column number.  That is,
** for the column iCol in the table (as defined by the CREATE TABLE statement)
** find the (first) offset of that column in index pIdx.  Or return -1
** if column iCol is not used in index pIdx.
*/
i16 sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(Index *pIdx, i16 iCol){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[i] ) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
/* Convert a storage column number into a table column number.
**
** The storage column number (0,1,2,....) is the index of the value
** as it appears in the record on disk.  The true column number
** is the index (0,1,2,...) of the column in the CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The storage column number is less than the table column number if
** and only there are VIRTUAL columns to the left.
**
** If SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS, this routine is a no-op macro.
*/
i16 sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(Table *pTab, i16 iCol){
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<=iCol; i++){
      if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ) iCol++;
    }
  }
  return iCol;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
/* Convert a table column number into a storage column number.
**
** The storage column number (0,1,2,....) is the index of the value
** as it appears in the record on disk.  Or, if the input column is
** the N-th virtual column (zero-based) then the storage number is
** the number of non-virtual columns in the table plus N.  
**
** The true column number is the index (0,1,2,...) of the column in
** the CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** If the input column is a VIRTUAL column, then it should not appear
** in storage.  But the value sometimes is cached in registers that
** follow the range of registers used to construct storage.  This
** avoids computing the same VIRTUAL column multiple times, and provides
** values for use by OP_Param opcodes in triggers.  Hence, if the
** input column is a VIRTUAL table, put it after all the other columns.
**
** In the following, N means "normal column", S means STORED, and
** V means VIRTUAL.  Suppose the CREATE TABLE has columns like this:
**
**        CREATE TABLE ex(N,S,V,N,S,V,N,S,V);
**                     -- 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
**
** Then the mapping from this function is as follows:
**
**    INPUTS:     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
**    OUTPUTS:    0 1 6 2 3 7 4 5 8
**
** So, in other words, this routine shifts all the virtual columns to
** the end.
**
** If SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS then there are no virtual columns and
** this routine is a no-op macro.
*/
i16 sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(Table *pTab, i16 iCol){
  int i;
  i16 n;
  assert( iCol<pTab->nCol );
  if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual)==0 ) return iCol;
  for(i=0, n=0; i<iCol; i++){
    if( (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)==0 ) n++;
  }
  if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
    /* iCol is a virtual column itself */
    return pTab->nNVCol + i - n;
  }else{
    /* iCol is a normal or stored column */
    return n;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Begin constructing a new table representation in memory.  This is
** the first of several action routines that get called in response
** to a CREATE TABLE statement.  In particular, this routine is called
** after seeing tokens "CREATE" and "TABLE" and the table name. The isTemp
** flag is true if the table should be stored in the auxiliary database
................................................................................
    memcpy(zType, pType->z, pType->n);
    zType[pType->n] = 0;
    sqlite3Dequote(zType);
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(zType, pCol);
    pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
  }
  p->nCol++;
  p->nNVCol++;
  pParse->constraintName.n = 0;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pExpr, db->init.busy) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    }else if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
      testcase( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot use DEFAULT on a generated column");
#endif
    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory.
      */
      Expr x;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      memset(&x, 0, sizeof(x));
................................................................................
static void sqlite3StringToId(Expr *p){
  if( p->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->op = TK_ID;
  }else if( p->op==TK_COLLATE && p->pLeft->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->pLeft->op = TK_ID;
  }
}

/*
** Tag the given column as being part of the PRIMARY KEY
*/
static void makeColumnPartOfPrimaryKey(Parse *pParse, Column *pCol){
  pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
    testcase( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
      "generated columns cannot be part of the PRIMARY KEY");
  }
#endif          
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the
** most recently added column of the table is the primary key.
**
** A table can have at most one primary key.  If the table already has
................................................................................
      "table \"%s\" has more than one primary key", pTab->zName);
    goto primary_key_exit;
  }
  pTab->tabFlags |= TF_HasPrimaryKey;
  if( pList==0 ){
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
    makeColumnPartOfPrimaryKey(pParse, pCol);
    nTerm = 1;
  }else{
    nTerm = pList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){
      Expr *pCExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[i].pExpr);
      assert( pCExpr!=0 );
      sqlite3StringToId(pCExpr);
      if( pCExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        const char *zCName = pCExpr->u.zToken;
        for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zCName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){
            pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
            makeColumnPartOfPrimaryKey(pParse, pCol);
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  if( nTerm==1
................................................................................
        pIdx->azColl[0] = p->aCol[i].zColl;
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
}

/* Change the most recently parsed column to be a GENERATED ALWAYS AS
** column.
*/
void sqlite3AddGenerated(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pType){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  u8 eType = COLFLAG_VIRTUAL;
  Table *pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
  Column *pCol;
  if( NEVER(pTab==0) ) goto generated_done;
  pCol = &(pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1]);
  if( IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "virtual tables cannot use computed columns");
    goto generated_done;
  }
  if( pCol->pDflt ) goto generated_error;
  if( pType ){
    if( pType->n==7 && sqlite3StrNICmp("virtual",pType->z,7)==0 ){
      /* no-op */
    }else if( pType->n==6 && sqlite3StrNICmp("stored",pType->z,6)==0 ){
      eType = COLFLAG_STORED;
    }else{
      goto generated_error;
    }
  }
  if( eType==COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ) pTab->nNVCol--;
  pCol->colFlags |= eType;
  assert( TF_HasVirtual==COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
  assert( TF_HasStored==COLFLAG_STORED );
  pTab->tabFlags |= eType;
  pCol->pDflt = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  goto generated_done;

generated_error:
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "error in generated column \"%s\"",
                  pCol->zName);
generated_done:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pExpr);
#else
  /* Throw and error for the GENERATED ALWAYS AS clause if the
  ** SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS compile-time option is used. */
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "generated columns not supported");
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pExpr);
#endif
}

/*
** Generate code that will increment the schema cookie.
**
** The schema cookie is used to determine when the schema for the
** database changes.  After each schema change, the cookie value
** changes.  When a process first reads the schema it records the
................................................................................

/* Recompute the colNotIdxed field of the Index.
**
** colNotIdxed is a bitmask that has a 0 bit representing each indexed
** columns that are within the first 63 columns of the table.  The
** high-order bit of colNotIdxed is always 1.  All unindexed columns
** of the table have a 1.
**
** 2019-10-24:  For the purpose of this computation, virtual columns are
** not considered to be covered by the index, even if they are in the
** index, because we do not trust the logic in whereIndexExprTrans() to be
** able to find all instances of a reference to the indexed table column
** and convert them into references to the index.  Hence we always want
** the actual table at hand in order to recompute the virtual column, if
** necessary.
**
** The colNotIdxed mask is AND-ed with the SrcList.a[].colUsed mask
** to determine if the index is covering index.
*/
static void recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(Index *pIdx){
  Bitmask m = 0;
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  for(j=pIdx->nColumn-1; j>=0; j--){
    int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];

    if( x>=0 && (pTab->aCol[x].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)==0 ){
      testcase( x==BMS-1 );
      testcase( x==BMS-2 );
      if( x<BMS-1 ) m |= MASKBIT(x);
    }
  }
  pIdx->colNotIdxed = ~m;
  assert( (pIdx->colNotIdxed>>63)==1 );
................................................................................
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=j );
  }

  /* Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY index
  */
  nExtra = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, nPk, i)
     && (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)==0 ) nExtra++;
  }
  if( resizeIndexObject(db, pPk, nPk+nExtra) ) return;
  for(i=0, j=nPk; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, i)
     && (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)==0
    ){
      assert( j<pPk->nColumn );
      pPk->aiColumn[j] = i;
      pPk->azColl[j] = sqlite3StrBINARY;
      j++;
    }
  }
  assert( pPk->nColumn==j );
  assert( pTab->nNVCol<=j );
  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pPk);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Return true if zName is a shadow table name in the current database
** connection.
................................................................................
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
          "AUTOINCREMENT not allowed on WITHOUT ROWID tables");
      return;
    }
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_HasPrimaryKey)==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "PRIMARY KEY missing on table %s", p->zName);
      return;
    }
    p->tabFlags |= TF_WithoutRowid | TF_NoVisibleRowid;
    convertToWithoutRowidTable(pParse, p);
  }


  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  if( p->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
    int ii;
    testcase( p->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
    testcase( p->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
    for(ii=0; ii<p->nCol; ii++){
      u32 colFlags = p->aCol[ii].colFlags;
      if( (colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)!=0 ){
        testcase( colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
        testcase( colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
        sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_GenCol, 
                                    p->aCol[ii].pDflt, 0);
      }
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

................................................................................
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      if( pParse->nErr ) return;
      pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSelect, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB);
      if( pSelTab==0 ) return;
      assert( p->aCol==0 );
      p->nCol = p->nNVCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      p->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
      if( pParse->nErr ) return;
................................................................................
                                               SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
      }
    }else if( pSelTab ){
      /* CREATE VIEW name AS...  without an argument list.  Construct
      ** the column names from the SELECT statement that defines the view.
      */
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pTable->nNVCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
................................................................................
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else{
        if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
          pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
        }
        if( pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
          pIndex->bHasVCol = 1;
        }
      }
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = (i16)j;
    }
    zColl = 0;
    if( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
      int nColl;
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  /* If this index contains every column of its table, then mark
  ** it as a covering index */
  assert( HasRowid(pTab) 
      || pTab->iPKey<0 || sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIndex, pTab->iPKey)>=0 );
  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pIndex);
  if( pTblName!=0 && pIndex->nColumn>=pTab->nCol ){
    pIndex->isCovering = 1;
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;
      if( sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIndex,j)>=0 ) continue;
      pIndex->isCovering = 0;
      break;
    }
  }

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a

Changes to src/expr.c.

3395
3396
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3401


















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3602
3603
3604
3605
....
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065

4066

4067
4068
4069

4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
....
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
....
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
....
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
    pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
  }
}



















/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
  int iTabCur,    /* The table cursor.  Or the PK cursor for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int iCol,       /* Index of the column to extract */
  int regOut      /* Extract the value into this register */
){


  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, iCol, regOut);
    return;
  }
  if( iCol<0 || iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTabCur, regOut);
  }else{


    int op = IsVirtual(pTab) ? OP_VColumn : OP_Column;

    int x = iCol;















    if( !HasRowid(pTab) && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){

      x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab), iCol);





    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iTabCur, x, regOut);
  }
  if( iCol>=0 ){
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will extract the iColumn-th column from
** table pTab and store the column value in register iReg. 
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Description of the table we are reading from */
  int iColumn,     /* Index of the table column */
  int iTable,      /* The cursor pointing to the table */
  int iReg,        /* Store results here */
  u8 p5            /* P5 value for OP_Column + FLAGS */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTable, iColumn, iReg);
  if( p5 ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, p5);
  }
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code to move content from registers iFrom...iFrom+nReg-1
** over to iTo..iTo+nReg-1.
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, 1, 0,
                            &zAff[(aff-'B')*2], P4_STATIC);
        }
        return iReg;
      }
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->iSelfTab<0 ){

          /* Generating CHECK constraints or inserting into partial index */





          assert( pExpr->y.pTab!=0 );

          assert( pExpr->iColumn>=XN_ROWID );


          assert( pExpr->iColumn<pExpr->y.pTab->nCol );
          if( pExpr->iColumn>=0





















            && pExpr->y.pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
          ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, pExpr->iColumn - pParse->iSelfTab,
                              target);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
            return target;
          }else{
            return pExpr->iColumn - pParse->iSelfTab;

          }
        }else{
          /* Coding an expression that is part of an index where column names
          ** in the index refer to the table to which the index belongs */
          iTab = pParse->iSelfTab - 1;
        }
      }
................................................................................
      ** Then p1 is interpreted as follows:
      **
      **   p1==0   ->    old.rowid     p1==3   ->    new.rowid
      **   p1==1   ->    old.a         p1==4   ->    new.a
      **   p1==2   ->    old.b         p1==5   ->    new.b       
      */
      Table *pTab = pExpr->y.pTab;

      int p1 = pExpr->iTable * (pTab->nCol+1) + 1 + pExpr->iColumn;


      assert( pExpr->iTable==0 || pExpr->iTable==1 );
      assert( pExpr->iColumn>=-1 && pExpr->iColumn<pTab->nCol );

      assert( pTab->iPKey<0 || pExpr->iColumn!=pTab->iPKey );
      assert( p1>=0 && p1<(pTab->nCol*2+2) );

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Param, p1, target);
      VdbeComment((v, "r[%d]=%s.%s", target,
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->y.pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName)
      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60985-57662 SQLite will convert the value back to
      ** floating point when extracting it from the record.  */
      if( pExpr->iColumn>=0 
       && pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
    }

    case TK_VECTOR: {
................................................................................
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  int inReg;

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( pExpr && pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Copy, pExpr->iTable, target);
  }else{
    inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target);
    assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( inReg!=target && pParse->pVdbe ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Make a transient copy of expression pExpr and then code it using
** sqlite3ExprCode().  This routine works just like sqlite3ExprCode()
** except that the input expression is guaranteed to be unchanged.
................................................................................
  if( pParse->okConstFactor && sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that evaluates the given expression and puts the result
** in register target.
**
** Also make a copy of the expression results into another "cache" register
** and modify the expression so that the next time it is evaluated,
** the result is a copy of the cache register.
**
** This routine is used for expressions that are used multiple 
** times.  They are evaluated once and the results of the expression
** are reused.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iMem;

  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.  The number returned will
** usually be pList->nExpr but might be reduced if SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF
** is defined.
................................................................................
** Check to see if there are references to columns in table 
** pWalker->u.pIdxCover->iCur can be satisfied using the index
** pWalker->u.pIdxCover->pIdx.
*/
static int exprIdxCover(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.pIdxCover->iCur
   && sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pWalker->u.pIdxCover->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn)<0
  ){
    pWalker->eCode = 1;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}








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3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468


3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
....
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488

3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
....
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639

3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661

3662

3663
3664
3665

3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
....
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138

4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154

4155

4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
....
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387



4388
4389
4390
4391

4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
....
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
























4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
4426
4427
....
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
    pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
/*
** Generate code that will compute the value of generated column pCol
** and store the result in register regOut
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(
  Parse *pParse,
  Column *pCol,
  int regOut
){
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pCol->pDflt, regOut);
  if( pCol->affinity>=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Affinity, regOut, 1, 0,
                      &pCol->affinity, 1);
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS */

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
  int iTabCur,    /* The table cursor.  Or the PK cursor for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int iCol,       /* Index of the column to extract */
  int regOut      /* Extract the value into this register */
){
  Column *pCol;
  assert( v!=0 );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, iCol, regOut);
    return;
  }
  if( iCol<0 || iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTabCur, regOut);
  }else{
    int op;
    int x;
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      op = OP_VColumn;
      x = iCol;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    }else if( (pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol])->colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
      Parse *pParse = sqlite3VdbeParser(v);
      if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_BUSY ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "generated column loop on \"%s\"", pCol->zName);
      }else{
        int savedSelfTab = pParse->iSelfTab;
        pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_BUSY;
        pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur+1;
        sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(pParse, pCol, regOut);
        pParse->iSelfTab = savedSelfTab;
        pCol->colFlags &= ~COLFLAG_BUSY;
      }
      return;
#endif
    }else if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      testcase( iCol!=sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, iCol) );
      x = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab), iCol);
      op = OP_Column;
    }else{
      x = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab,iCol);
      testcase( x!=iCol );
      op = OP_Column;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iTabCur, x, regOut);


    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will extract the iColumn-th column from
** table pTab and store the column value in register iReg. 
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Description of the table we are reading from */
  int iColumn,     /* Index of the table column */
  int iTable,      /* The cursor pointing to the table */
  int iReg,        /* Store results here */
  u8 p5            /* P5 value for OP_Column + FLAGS */
){
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );

  sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pTab, iTable, iColumn, iReg);
  if( p5 ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(pParse->pVdbe, p5);
  }
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code to move content from registers iFrom...iFrom+nReg-1
** over to iTo..iTo+nReg-1.
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, 1, 0,
                            &zAff[(aff-'B')*2], P4_STATIC);
        }
        return iReg;
      }
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->iSelfTab<0 ){
          /* Other columns in the same row for CHECK constraints or
          ** generated columns or for inserting into partial index.
          ** The row is unpacked into registers beginning at
          ** 0-(pParse->iSelfTab).  The rowid (if any) is in a register
          ** immediately prior to the first column.
          */
          Column *pCol;
          Table *pTab = pExpr->y.pTab;
          int iSrc;
          int iCol = pExpr->iColumn;
          assert( pTab!=0 );
          assert( iCol>=XN_ROWID );
          assert( iCol<pExpr->y.pTab->nCol );

          if( iCol<0 ){
            return -1-pParse->iSelfTab;
          }
          pCol = pTab->aCol + iCol;
          testcase( iCol!=sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab,iCol) );
          iSrc = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, iCol) - pParse->iSelfTab;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
          if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
            if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_BUSY ){
              sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "generated column loop on \"%s\"",
                              pCol->zName);
              return 0;
            }
            pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_BUSY;
            if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL ){
              sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(pParse, pCol, iSrc);
            }
            pCol->colFlags &= ~(COLFLAG_BUSY|COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL);
            return iSrc;
          }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS */
          if( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL ){

            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iSrc, target);

            sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
            return target;
          }else{

            return iSrc;
          }
        }else{
          /* Coding an expression that is part of an index where column names
          ** in the index refer to the table to which the index belongs */
          iTab = pParse->iSelfTab - 1;
        }
      }
................................................................................
      ** Then p1 is interpreted as follows:
      **
      **   p1==0   ->    old.rowid     p1==3   ->    new.rowid
      **   p1==1   ->    old.a         p1==4   ->    new.a
      **   p1==2   ->    old.b         p1==5   ->    new.b       
      */
      Table *pTab = pExpr->y.pTab;
      int iCol = pExpr->iColumn;
      int p1 = pExpr->iTable * (pTab->nCol+1) + 1 
                     + (iCol>=0 ? sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, iCol) : -1);

      assert( pExpr->iTable==0 || pExpr->iTable==1 );

      assert( iCol>=-1 && iCol<pTab->nCol );
      assert( pTab->iPKey<0 || iCol!=pTab->iPKey );
      assert( p1>=0 && p1<(pTab->nCol*2+2) );

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Param, p1, target);
      VdbeComment((v, "r[%d]=%s.%s", target,
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->y.pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)
      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60985-57662 SQLite will convert the value back to
      ** floating point when extracting it from the record.  */

      if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL ){

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
    }

    case TK_VECTOR: {
................................................................................
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  int inReg;

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );



  inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target);
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  if( inReg!=target && pParse->pVdbe ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);

  }
}

/*
** Make a transient copy of expression pExpr and then code it using
** sqlite3ExprCode().  This routine works just like sqlite3ExprCode()
** except that the input expression is guaranteed to be unchanged.
................................................................................
  if( pParse->okConstFactor && sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }
}

























/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.  The number returned will
** usually be pList->nExpr but might be reduced if SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF
** is defined.
................................................................................
** Check to see if there are references to columns in table 
** pWalker->u.pIdxCover->iCur can be satisfied using the index
** pWalker->u.pIdxCover->pIdx.
*/
static int exprIdxCover(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.pIdxCover->iCur
   && sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pWalker->u.pIdxCover->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn)<0
  ){
    pWalker->eCode = 1;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

Changes to src/fkey.c.

345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
...
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368

369
370
371
372
373
374
375
...
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395


396
397
398
399
400
401
402
...
404
405
406
407
408
409
410

411


412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
  ** any are, then the constraint is considered satisfied. No need to 
  ** search for a matching row in the parent table.  */
  if( nIncr<0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, iOk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    int iReg = aiCol[i] + regData + 1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  if( isIgnore==0 ){
    if( pIdx==0 ){
      /* If pIdx is NULL, then the parent key is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY
      ** column of the parent table (table pTab).  */
................................................................................
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  
      /* Invoke MustBeInt to coerce the child key value to an integer (i.e. 
      ** apply the affinity of the parent key). If this fails, then there
      ** is no matching parent key. Before using MustBeInt, make a copy of
      ** the value. Otherwise, the value inserted into the child key column
      ** will have INTEGER affinity applied to it, which may not be correct.  */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, aiCol[0]+1+regData, regTemp);

      iMustBeInt = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regTemp, 0);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter.  */
................................................................................
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, aiCol[i]+1+regData, regTemp+i);


      }
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter. 
      **
................................................................................
      ** itself. So set JUMPIFNULL to make sure we do the OP_Found if any
      ** of the parent-key values are NULL (at this point it is known that
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){

          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;


          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);







|







 







|
>







 







|
>
>







 







>
|
>
>
|







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  ** any are, then the constraint is considered satisfied. No need to 
  ** search for a matching row in the parent table.  */
  if( nIncr<0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, iOk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    int iReg = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pFKey->pFrom,aiCol[i]) + regData + 1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  if( isIgnore==0 ){
    if( pIdx==0 ){
      /* If pIdx is NULL, then the parent key is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY
      ** column of the parent table (table pTab).  */
................................................................................
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  
      /* Invoke MustBeInt to coerce the child key value to an integer (i.e. 
      ** apply the affinity of the parent key). If this fails, then there
      ** is no matching parent key. Before using MustBeInt, make a copy of
      ** the value. Otherwise, the value inserted into the child key column
      ** will have INTEGER affinity applied to it, which may not be correct.  */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, 
        sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pFKey->pFrom,aiCol[0])+1+regData, regTemp);
      iMustBeInt = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regTemp, 0);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter.  */
................................................................................
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, 
               sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pFKey->pFrom, aiCol[i])+1+regData,
               regTemp+i);
      }
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter. 
      **
................................................................................
      ** itself. So set JUMPIFNULL to make sure we do the OP_Found if any
      ** of the parent-key values are NULL (at this point it is known that
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iChild = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pFKey->pFrom,aiCol[i])
                              +1+regData;
          int iParent = 1+regData;
          iParent += sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pIdx->pTable,
                                                 pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);

Changes to src/insert.c.

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  Vdbe *v;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( opcode==OP_OpenWrite || opcode==OP_OpenRead );
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 
                   (opcode==OP_OpenWrite)?1:0, pTab->zName);
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opcode, iCur, pTab->tnum, iDb, pTab->nCol);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
  }else{
    Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    assert( pPk->tnum==pTab->tnum );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, opcode, iCur, pPk->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
................................................................................
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;
  char *zColAff = pTab->zColAff;
  if( zColAff==0 ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      sqlite3OomFault(db);
      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      assert( pTab->aCol[i].affinity!=0 );

      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }

    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;
    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]<=SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  assert( zColAff!=0 );
  i = sqlite3Strlen30NN(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
................................................................................
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
      return 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
























































#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/*
** Locate or create an AutoincInfo structure associated with table pTab
** which is in database iDb.  Return the register number for the register
** that holds the maximum rowid.  Return zero if pTab is not an AUTOINCREMENT
** table.  (Also return zero when doing a VACUUM since we do not want to
................................................................................
**         end loop
**      D: cleanup
*/
void sqlite3Insert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError,          /* How to handle constraint errors */
  Upsert *pUpsert       /* ON CONFLICT clauses for upsert, or NULL */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
................................................................................
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  u8 useTempTable = 0;  /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  u8 appendFlag = 0;    /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  u8 withoutRowid;      /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 bIdListInOrder;    /* True if IDLIST is in table order */
  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */


  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

  /* If this is an AUTOINCREMENT table, look up the sequence number in the
  ** sqlite_sequence table and store it in memory cell regAutoinc.
  */
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDb, pTab);

  /* Allocate registers for holding the rowid of the new row,
  ** the content of the new row, and the assembled row record.
  */
  regRowid = regIns = pParse->nMem+1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol + 1;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowid++;
    pParse->nMem++;
  }
................................................................................
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the ipkColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  ipkColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the INTEGER
  ** PRIMARY KEY in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)








  */
  bIdListInOrder = (pTab->tabFlags & TF_OOOHidden)==0;
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( i!=j ) bIdListInOrder = 0;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            ipkColumn = i;  assert( !withoutRowid );
          }








          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) && !withoutRowid ){
          ipkColumn = i;
          bIdListInOrder = 0;
................................................................................

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    ipkColumn = pTab->iPKey;













  }

  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    nHidden += (IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ? 1 : 0);
  }
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn && nColumn!=(pTab->nCol-nHidden) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
       "table %S has %d columns but %d values were supplied",
       pTabList, 0, pTab->nCol-nHidden, nColumn);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
................................................................................
    **      C: yield X, at EOF goto D
    **         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
    **         goto C
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrInsTop = addrCont = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
    VdbeCoverage(v);





  }












































































  /* Run the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers, if there are any
  */
  endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse);
  if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    int regCols = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pTab->nCol+1);

................................................................................
    }

    /* Cannot have triggers on a virtual table. If it were possible,
    ** this block would have to account for hidden column.
    */
    assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );

    /* Create the new column data
    */
    for(i=j=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( pColumn ){
        for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
          if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( (!useTempTable && !pList) || (pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId)
            || (pColumn==0 && IsOrdinaryHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i])) ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regCols+i+1);
      }else if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j, regCols+i+1); 
      }else{
        assert( pSelect==0 ); /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
        sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr, regCols+i+1);
      }
      if( pColumn==0 && !IsOrdinaryHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ) j++;
    }

    /* If this is an INSERT on a view with an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger,
    ** do not attempt any conversions before assembling the record.
    ** If this is a real table, attempt conversions as required by the
    ** table column affinities.
    */
    if( !isView ){
................................................................................
    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
  }

  /* Compute the content of the next row to insert into a range of
  ** registers beginning at regIns.
  */
  if( !isView ){
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){

      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        Expr *pIpk = pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr;
        if( pIpk->op==TK_NULL && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          appendFlag = 1;
        }else{
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);

    /* Compute data for all columns of the new entry, beginning
    ** with the first column.
    */
    nHidden = 0;
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      int iRegStore = regRowid+1+i;
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        /* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
        ** Whenever this column is read, the rowid will be substituted
        ** in its place.  Hence, fill this column with a NULL to avoid
        ** taking up data space with information that will never be used.
        ** As there may be shallow copies of this value, make it a soft-NULL */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SoftNull, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      if( pColumn==0 ){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ){
          j = -1;
          nHidden++;
        }else{
          j = i - nHidden;
        }
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
          if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( j<0 || nColumn==0 || (pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId) ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
      }else if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j, iRegStore); 
      }else if( pSelect ){
        if( regFromSelect!=regData ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+j, iRegStore);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr, iRegStore);
      }
    }


    /* Generate code to check constraints and generate index keys and
    ** do the insertion.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
................................................................................
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "BEGIN: GenCnstCks(%d,%d,%d,%d,%d)",
                     iDataCur, iIdxCur, regNewData, regOldData, pkChng));

  /* Test all NOT NULL constraints.
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasNotNull ){
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){

      onError = pTab->aCol[i].notNull;
      if( onError==OE_None ) continue; /* No NOT NULL on this column */
      assert( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasNotNull );
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        continue;        /* ROWID is never NULL */
      }
      if( aiChng && aiChng[i]<0 ){
        /* Don't bother checking for NOT NULL on columns that do not change */
        continue;
      }


      if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
        onError = overrideError;
      }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
        onError = OE_Abort;
      }
      if( onError==OE_Replace && pTab->aCol[i].pDflt==0 ){
        onError = OE_Abort;
      }
      assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
          || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
      addr1 = 0;




      switch( onError ){
        case OE_Replace: {
          assert( onError==OE_Replace );
          addr1 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, regNewData+1+i, addr1);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regNewData+1+i);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, regNewData+1+i, addr1);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          onError = OE_Abort;
          /* Fall through into the OE_Abort case to generate code that runs
          ** if both the input and the default value are NULL */
        }
        case OE_Abort:
          sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
          /* Fall through */
        case OE_Rollback:
        case OE_Fail: {
          char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                      pTab->aCol[i].zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL,
                            onError, regNewData+1+i);
          sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          if( addr1 ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addr1);
          break;
        }
        default: {
          assert( onError==OE_Ignore );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  
  /* Test all CHECK constraints
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
................................................................................
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
        sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          x = regNewData;









        }else{

          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, iField<0 ? OP_IntCopy : OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
    if( pIdx->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY ){
      sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(v, pIdx->pTable);
................................................................................
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
            x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
          /* If currently processing the PRIMARY KEY of a WITHOUT ROWID 
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, lblRecheckOk);
  }

  /* Generate the table record */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    int regRec = aRegIdx[ix];
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regNewData+1, pTab->nCol, regRec);
    sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(v, pTab);
    if( !bAffinityDone ){
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, 0);
    }
  }

  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
................................................................................
    Column *pSrcCol = &pSrc->aCol[i];
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS
    if( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_Vacuum)==0 
     && (pDestCol->colFlags | pSrcCol->colFlags) & COLFLAG_HIDDEN 
    ){
      return 0;    /* Neither table may have __hidden__ columns */
    }

































#endif
    if( pDestCol->affinity!=pSrcCol->affinity ){
      return 0;    /* Affinity must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(pDestCol->zColl, pSrcCol->zColl)!=0 ){
      return 0;    /* Collating sequence must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( pDestCol->notNull && !pSrcCol->notNull ){
      return 0;    /* tab2 must be NOT NULL if tab1 is */
    }
    /* Default values for second and subsequent columns need to match. */
    if( i>0 ){
      assert( pDestCol->pDflt==0 || pDestCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
      assert( pSrcCol->pDflt==0 || pSrcCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
      if( (pDestCol->pDflt==0)!=(pSrcCol->pDflt==0) 
       || (pDestCol->pDflt && strcmp(pDestCol->pDflt->u.zToken,
                                       pSrcCol->pDflt->u.zToken)!=0)
      ){
        return 0;    /* Default values must be the same for all columns */







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  Vdbe *v;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( opcode==OP_OpenWrite || opcode==OP_OpenRead );
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 
                   (opcode==OP_OpenWrite)?1:0, pTab->zName);
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opcode, iCur, pTab->tnum, iDb, pTab->nNVCol);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
  }else{
    Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    assert( pPk->tnum==pTab->tnum );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, opcode, iCur, pPk->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
................................................................................
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i, j;
  char *zColAff = pTab->zColAff;
  if( zColAff==0 ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      sqlite3OomFault(db);
      return;
    }

    for(i=j=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      assert( pTab->aCol[i].affinity!=0 );
      if( (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)==0 ){
        zColAff[j++] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
      }
    }
    do{
      zColAff[j--] = 0;
    }while( j>=0 && zColAff[j]<=SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  assert( zColAff!=0 );
  i = sqlite3Strlen30NN(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
................................................................................
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
      return 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
/*
** All regular columns for table pTab have been puts into registers
** starting with iRegStore.  The registers that correspond to STORED
** or VIRTUAL columns have not yet been initialized.  This routine goes
** back and computes the values for those columns based on the previously
** computed normal columns.
*/
void sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int iRegStore,    /* Register holding the first column */
  Table *pTab       /* The table */
){
  int i;
  int nv;
  /* Because there can be multiple generated columns that refer to one another,
  ** this is a two-pass algorithm.  On the first pass, mark all generated
  ** columns as "not available".
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
      testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
      pTab->aCol[i].colFlags |= COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL;
    }
  }
  /* On the second pass, compute the value of each NOT-AVAILABLE column.
  ** Companion code in the TK_COLUMN case of sqlite3ExprCodeTarget() will
  ** compute dependencies and mark remove the COLSPAN_NOTAVAIL mark, as
  ** they are needed.
  */
  pParse->iSelfTab = -iRegStore;
  for(i=nv=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    u32 colFlags = pTab->aCol[i].colFlags;
    if( (colFlags & COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL)!=0 ){
      assert( colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED );
      if( colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
        /* Virtual columns go at the end */
        assert( pTab->nNVCol+nv == sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab,i) );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(pParse, &pTab->aCol[i],
                                       iRegStore+pTab->nNVCol+nv);
      }else{
        /* Stored columns go in column order */
        assert( i-nv == sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab,i) );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(pParse, &pTab->aCol[i], iRegStore+i-nv);
      }
      pTab->aCol[i].colFlags &= ~COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL;
    }
    if( (colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) nv++;
  }
  pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS */


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/*
** Locate or create an AutoincInfo structure associated with table pTab
** which is in database iDb.  Return the register number for the register
** that holds the maximum rowid.  Return zero if pTab is not an AUTOINCREMENT
** table.  (Also return zero when doing a VACUUM since we do not want to
................................................................................
**         end loop
**      D: cleanup
*/
void sqlite3Insert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST, or NULL. */
  int onError,          /* How to handle constraint errors */
  Upsert *pUpsert       /* ON CONFLICT clauses for upsert, or NULL */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
................................................................................
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  u8 useTempTable = 0;  /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  u8 appendFlag = 0;    /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  u8 withoutRowid;      /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 bIdListInOrder;    /* True if IDLIST is in table order */
  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */
  int iRegStore;        /* Register in which to store next column */

  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

  /* If this is an AUTOINCREMENT table, look up the sequence number in the
  ** sqlite_sequence table and store it in memory cell regAutoinc.
  */
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDb, pTab);

  /* Allocate a block registers to hold the rowid and the values
  ** for all columns of the new row.
  */
  regRowid = regIns = pParse->nMem+1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol + 1;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowid++;
    pParse->nMem++;
  }
................................................................................
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the ipkColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  ipkColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the INTEGER
  ** PRIMARY KEY in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)  After this
  ** loop, if ipkColumn==(-1), that means that integer primary key
  ** is unspecified, and hence the table is either WITHOUT ROWID or
  ** it will automatically generated an integer primary key.
  **
  ** bIdListInOrder is true if the columns in IDLIST are in storage
  ** order.  This enables an optimization that avoids shuffling the
  ** columns into storage order.  False negatives are harmless,
  ** but false positives will cause database corruption.
  */
  bIdListInOrder = (pTab->tabFlags & (TF_OOOHidden|TF_HasStored))==0;
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( i!=j ) bIdListInOrder = 0;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            ipkColumn = i;  assert( !withoutRowid );
          }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
          if( pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & (COLFLAG_STORED|COLFLAG_VIRTUAL) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
               "cannot INSERT into generated column \"%s\"",
               pTab->aCol[j].zName);
            goto insert_cleanup;
          }
#endif
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) && !withoutRowid ){
          ipkColumn = i;
          bIdListInOrder = 0;
................................................................................

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    ipkColumn = pTab->iPKey;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    if( ipkColumn>=0 && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated)!=0 ){
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
      for(i=ipkColumn-1; i>=0; i--){
        if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
          testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
          testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
          ipkColumn--;
        }
      }
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_NOINSERT ) nHidden++;
  }
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn && nColumn!=(pTab->nCol-nHidden) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
       "table %S has %d columns but %d values were supplied",
       pTabList, 0, pTab->nCol-nHidden, nColumn);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
................................................................................
    **      C: yield X, at EOF goto D
    **         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
    **         goto C
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrInsTop = addrCont = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){
      /* tag-20191021-001: If the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY is being generated by the
      ** SELECT, go ahead and copy the value into the rowid slot now, so that
      ** the value does not get overwritten by a NULL at tag-20191021-002. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Compute data for ordinary columns of the new entry.  Values
  ** are written in storage order into registers starting with regData.
  ** Only ordinary columns are computed in this loop. The rowid
  ** (if there is one) is computed later and generated columns are
  ** computed after the rowid since they might depend on the value
  ** of the rowid.
  */
  nHidden = 0;
  iRegStore = regData;  assert( regData==regRowid+1 );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++, iRegStore++){
    int k;
    u32 colFlags;
    assert( i>=nHidden );
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      /* tag-20191021-002: References to the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY are filled
      ** using the rowid. So put a NULL in the IPK slot of the record to avoid
      ** using excess space.  The file format definition requires this extra
      ** NULL - we cannot optimize further by skipping the column completely */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SoftNull, iRegStore);
      continue;
    }
    if( ((colFlags = pTab->aCol[i].colFlags) & COLFLAG_NOINSERT)!=0 ){
      nHidden++;
      if( (colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)!=0 ){
        /* Virtual columns do not participate in OP_MakeRecord.  So back up
        ** iRegStore by one slot to compensate for the iRegStore++ in the
        ** outer for() loop */
        iRegStore--;
        continue;
      }else if( (colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED)!=0 ){
        /* Stored columns are computed later.  But if there are BEFORE
        ** triggers, the slots used for stored columns will be OP_Copy-ed
        ** to a second block of registers, so the register needs to be
        ** initialized to NULL to avoid an uninitialized register read */
        if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SoftNull, iRegStore);
        }
        continue;
      }else if( pColumn==0 ){
        /* Hidden columns that are not explicitly named in the INSERT
        ** get there default value */
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( pColumn ){
      for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId && pColumn->a[j].idx!=i; j++){}
      if( j>=pColumn->nId ){
        /* A column not named in the insert column list gets its
        ** default value */
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      k = j;
    }else if( nColumn==0 ){
      /* This is INSERT INTO ... DEFAULT VALUES.  Load the default value. */
      sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
      continue;
    }else{
      k = i - nHidden;
    }

    if( useTempTable ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, k, iRegStore); 
    }else if( pSelect ){
      if( regFromSelect!=regData ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+k, iRegStore);
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[k].pExpr, iRegStore);
    }
  }


  /* Run the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers, if there are any
  */
  endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse);
  if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    int regCols = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pTab->nCol+1);

................................................................................
    }

    /* Cannot have triggers on a virtual table. If it were possible,
    ** this block would have to account for hidden column.
    */
    assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );

    /* Copy the new data already generated. */
    assert( pTab->nNVCol>0 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, regRowid+1, regCols+1, pTab->nNVCol-1);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    /* Compute the new value for generated columns after all other
    ** columns have already been computed.  This must be done after
    ** computing the ROWID in case one of the generated columns
    ** refers to the ROWID. */
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
      sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(pParse, regCols+1, pTab);
    }
#endif





    /* If this is an INSERT on a view with an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger,
    ** do not attempt any conversions before assembling the record.
    ** If this is a real table, attempt conversions as required by the
    ** table column affinities.
    */
    if( !isView ){
................................................................................
    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
  }




  if( !isView ){
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){
      /* Compute the new rowid */
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        /* Rowid already initialized at tag-20191021-001 */
      }else{
        Expr *pIpk = pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr;
        if( pIpk->op==TK_NULL && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          appendFlag = 1;
        }else{
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    /* Compute the new value for generated columns after all other
    ** columns have already been computed.  This must be done after
    ** computing the ROWID in case one of the generated columns
    ** refers to the ROWID. */
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
      sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(pParse, regRowid+1, pTab);





    }
























#endif

    /* Generate code to check constraints and generate index keys and
    ** do the insertion.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
................................................................................
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "BEGIN: GenCnstCks(%d,%d,%d,%d,%d)",
                     iDataCur, iIdxCur, regNewData, regOldData, pkChng));

  /* Test all NOT NULL constraints.
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasNotNull ){
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      int iReg;
      onError = pTab->aCol[i].notNull;
      if( onError==OE_None ) continue; /* No NOT NULL on this column */

      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        continue;        /* ROWID is never NULL */
      }
      if( aiChng && aiChng[i]<0 ){
        /* Don't bother checking for NOT NULL on columns that do not change */
        continue;
      }
      onError = pTab->aCol[i].notNull;
      if( onError==OE_None ) continue;  /* This column is allowed to be NULL */
      if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
        onError = overrideError;
      }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
        onError = OE_Abort;
      }
      if( onError==OE_Replace && pTab->aCol[i].pDflt==0 ){
        onError = OE_Abort;
      }
      assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
          || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
      addr1 = 0;
      testcase( i!=sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, i) );
      testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
      iReg = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, i) + regNewData + 1;
      switch( onError ){
        case OE_Replace: {
          assert( onError==OE_Replace );
          addr1 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, iReg, addr1);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regNewData+1+i);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, iReg, addr1);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          onError = OE_Abort;
          /* Fall through into the OE_Abort case to generate code that runs
          ** if both the input and the default value are NULL */
        }
        case OE_Abort:
          sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
          /* Fall through */
        case OE_Rollback:
        case OE_Fail: {
          char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                      pTab->aCol[i].zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL,
                            onError, iReg);
          sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          if( addr1 ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addr1);
          break;
        }
        default: {
          assert( onError==OE_Ignore );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, ignoreDest);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Test all CHECK constraints
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
................................................................................
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
        sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));

      }else if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
        x = regNewData;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IntCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "rowid"));
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
      }else if( pTab->aCol[iField].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
        pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
        sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(pParse, pTab->aCol[iField].pDflt, regIdx+i);
        pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
#endif
      }else{
        testcase( sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, iField)!=iField );
        x = sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(pTab, iField) + regNewData + 1;

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
    if( pIdx->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY ){
      sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(v, pIdx->pTable);
................................................................................
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
            x = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
          /* If currently processing the PRIMARY KEY of a WITHOUT ROWID 
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, lblRecheckOk);
  }

  /* Generate the table record */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    int regRec = aRegIdx[ix];
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regNewData+1, pTab->nNVCol, regRec);
    sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(v, pTab);
    if( !bAffinityDone ){
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, 0);
    }
  }

  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
................................................................................
    Column *pSrcCol = &pSrc->aCol[i];
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS
    if( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_Vacuum)==0 
     && (pDestCol->colFlags | pSrcCol->colFlags) & COLFLAG_HIDDEN 
    ){
      return 0;    /* Neither table may have __hidden__ columns */
    }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    /* Even if tables t1 and t2 have identical schemas, if they contain
    ** generated columns, then this statement is semantically incorrect:
    **
    **     INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;
    **
    ** The reason is that generated column values are returned by the
    ** the SELECT statement on the right but the INSERT statement on the
    ** left wants them to be omitted.
    **
    ** Nevertheless, this is a useful notational shorthand to tell SQLite
    ** to do a bulk transfer all of the content from t1 over to t2.
    ** 
    ** We could, in theory, disable this (except for internal use by the
    ** VACUUM command where it is actually needed).  But why do that?  It
    ** seems harmless enough, and provides a useful service.
    */
    if( (pDestCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED) !=
        (pSrcCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED) ){
      return 0;    /* Both columns have the same generated-column type */
    }
    /* But the transfer is only allowed if both the source and destination
    ** tables have the exact same expressions for generated columns.
    ** This requirement could be relaxed for VIRTUAL columns, I suppose.
    */
    if( (pDestCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)!=0 ){
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pSrcCol->pDflt, pDestCol->pDflt, -1)!=0 ){
        testcase( pDestCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
        testcase( pDestCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
        return 0;  /* Different generator expressions */
      }
    }
#endif
    if( pDestCol->affinity!=pSrcCol->affinity ){
      return 0;    /* Affinity must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(pDestCol->zColl, pSrcCol->zColl)!=0 ){
      return 0;    /* Collating sequence must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( pDestCol->notNull && !pSrcCol->notNull ){
      return 0;    /* tab2 must be NOT NULL if tab1 is */
    }
    /* Default values for second and subsequent columns need to match. */
    if( (pDestCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)==0 && i>0 ){
      assert( pDestCol->pDflt==0 || pDestCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
      assert( pSrcCol->pDflt==0 || pSrcCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
      if( (pDestCol->pDflt==0)!=(pSrcCol->pDflt==0) 
       || (pDestCol->pDflt && strcmp(pDestCol->pDflt->u.zToken,
                                       pSrcCol->pDflt->u.zToken)!=0)
      ){
        return 0;    /* Default values must be the same for all columns */

Changes to src/parse.y.

343
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345
346
347
348
349




350
351
352
353
354
355
356
ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf(R).      {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,0,R,0,0,0,0,
                                   SQLITE_IDXTYPE_UNIQUE);}
ccons ::= CHECK LP expr(X) RP.   {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= REFERENCES nm(T) eidlist_opt(TA) refargs(R).
                                 {sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse,0,&T,TA,R);}
ccons ::= defer_subclause(D).    {sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse,D);}
ccons ::= COLLATE ids(C).        {sqlite3AddCollateType(pParse, &C);}





// The optional AUTOINCREMENT keyword
%type autoinc {int}
autoinc(X) ::= .          {X = 0;}
autoinc(X) ::= AUTOINCR.  {X = 1;}

// The next group of rules parses the arguments to a REFERENCES clause







>
>
>
>







343
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347
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353
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ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf(R).      {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,0,R,0,0,0,0,
                                   SQLITE_IDXTYPE_UNIQUE);}
ccons ::= CHECK LP expr(X) RP.   {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= REFERENCES nm(T) eidlist_opt(TA) refargs(R).
                                 {sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse,0,&T,TA,R);}
ccons ::= defer_subclause(D).    {sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse,D);}
ccons ::= COLLATE ids(C).        {sqlite3AddCollateType(pParse, &C);}
ccons ::= GENERATED ALWAYS AS generated.
ccons ::= AS generated.
generated ::= LP expr(E) RP.          {sqlite3AddGenerated(pParse,E,0);}
generated ::= LP expr(E) RP ID(TYPE). {sqlite3AddGenerated(pParse,E,&TYPE);}

// The optional AUTOINCREMENT keyword
%type autoinc {int}
autoinc(X) ::= .          {X = 0;}
autoinc(X) ::= AUTOINCR.  {X = 1;}

// The next group of rules parses the arguments to a REFERENCES clause

Changes to src/pragma.c.

1096
1097
1098
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1100
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1104
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1106








1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
....
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      pParse->nMem = 7;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iTabDb);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
      for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
        int isHidden = IsHiddenColumn(pCol);

        if( isHidden && pPragma->iArg==0 ){
          nHidden++;
          continue;








        }
        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; k<=pTab->nCol && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        assert( pCol->pDflt==0 || pCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN );
        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, pPragma->iArg ? "issisii" : "issisi",
               i-nHidden,
               pCol->zName,
               sqlite3ColumnType(pCol,""),
               pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0,
               pCol->pDflt ? pCol->pDflt->u.zToken : 0,
               k,
               isHidden);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

................................................................................
        }
        assert( pParse->nMem>=8+j );
        assert( sqlite3NoTempsInRange(pParse,1,7+j) );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        if( !isQuick ){
          /* Sanity check on record header decoding */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iDataCur, pTab->nCol-1, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
        }
        /* Verify that all NOT NULL columns really are NOT NULL */
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          char *zErr;
          int jmp2;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;







|
>
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|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>








|





|







 







|







1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
....
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      pParse->nMem = 7;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iTabDb);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
      for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
        int isHidden = 0;
        if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_NOINSERT ){
          if( pPragma->iArg==0 ){
            nHidden++;
            continue;
          }
          if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
            isHidden = 2;  /* GENERATED ALWAYS AS ... VIRTUAL */
          }else if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED ){
            isHidden = 3;  /* GENERATED ALWAYS AS ... STORED */
          }else{ assert( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_HIDDEN );
            isHidden = 1;  /* HIDDEN */
          }
        }
        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; k<=pTab->nCol && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        assert( pCol->pDflt==0 || pCol->pDflt->op==TK_SPAN || isHidden>=2 );
        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, pPragma->iArg ? "issisii" : "issisi",
               i-nHidden,
               pCol->zName,
               sqlite3ColumnType(pCol,""),
               pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0,
               pCol->pDflt && isHidden<2 ? pCol->pDflt->u.zToken : 0,
               k,
               isHidden);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

................................................................................
        }
        assert( pParse->nMem>=8+j );
        assert( sqlite3NoTempsInRange(pParse,1,7+j) );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        if( !isQuick ){
          /* Sanity check on record header decoding */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iDataCur, pTab->nNVCol-1,3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
        }
        /* Verify that all NOT NULL columns really are NOT NULL */
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          char *zErr;
          int jmp2;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;

Changes to src/resolve.c.

410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
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419
420
421
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    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0
     && cntTab==1
     && pMatch
     && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IdxExpr)==0
     && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol)
     && VisibleRowid(pMatch->pTab)
    ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;
      pExpr->affExpr = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static void notValid(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg,    /* Type of error */
  int validMask        /* Set of contexts for which prohibited */
){
  assert( (validMask&~(NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr))==0 );
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & validMask)!=0 ){
    const char *zIn = "partial index WHERE clauses";
    if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IdxExpr )      zIn = "index expressions";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    else if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck ) zIn = "CHECK constraints";
#endif



    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s prohibited in %s", zMsg, zIn);
  }
}

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
................................................................................

      if( pExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        zDb = 0;
        zTable = 0;
        zColumn = pExpr->u.zToken;
      }else{
        Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
        notValid(pParse, pNC, "the \".\" operator", NC_IdxExpr);
        pRight = pExpr->pRight;
        if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
          zDb = 0;
        }else{
          assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
          zDb = pLeft->u.zToken;
          pLeft = pRight->pLeft;
................................................................................
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT)==0 ){
          /* Date/time functions that use 'now', and other functions like
          ** sqlite_version() that might change over time cannot be used
          ** in an index. */
          notValid(pParse, pNC, "non-deterministic functions",
                   NC_IdxExpr|NC_PartIdx);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_INTERNAL)!=0
         && pParse->nested==0
         && sqlite3Config.bInternalFunctions==0
        ){
          /* Internal-use-only functions are disallowed unless the
          ** SQL is being compiled using sqlite3NestedParse() */
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
        notValid(pParse, pNC, "subqueries", NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr);

        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
          pNC->ncFlags |= NC_VarSelect;
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      notValid(pParse, pNC, "parameters", NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr);

      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollateAndLikely(pExpr->pRight);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
      /* Handle special cases of "x IS TRUE", "x IS FALSE", "x IS NOT TRUE",
................................................................................
** Resolve names in expressions that can only reference a single table
** or which cannot reference any tables at all.  Examples:
**
**    (1)   CHECK constraints
**    (2)   WHERE clauses on partial indices
**    (3)   Expressions in indexes on expressions
**    (4)   Expression arguments to VACUUM INTO.

**
** In all cases except (4), the Expr.iTable value for Expr.op==TK_COLUMN
** nodes of the expression is set to -1 and the Expr.iColumn value is
** set to the column number.  In case (4), TK_COLUMN nodes cause an error.
**
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
int sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced, or NULL */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx or NC_IdxExpr, or 0 */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NULL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
  int rc;

  assert( type==0 || pTab!=0 );
  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx || type==NC_IdxExpr || pTab==0 );

  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
  if( pTab ){
    sSrc.nSrc = 1;
    sSrc.a[0].zName = pTab->zName;
    sSrc.a[0].pTab = pTab;
    sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;







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    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0
     && cntTab==1
     && pMatch
     && (pNC->ncFlags & (NC_IdxExpr|NC_GenCol))==0
     && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol)
     && VisibleRowid(pMatch->pTab)
    ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;
      pExpr->affExpr = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static void notValid(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg,    /* Type of error */
  int validMask        /* Set of contexts for which prohibited */
){
  assert( (validMask&~(NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr|NC_GenCol))==0 );
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & validMask)!=0 ){
    const char *zIn = "partial index WHERE clauses";
    if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IdxExpr )      zIn = "index expressions";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    else if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck ) zIn = "CHECK constraints";
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    else if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_GenCol ) zIn = "generated columns";
#endif
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s prohibited in %s", zMsg, zIn);
  }
}

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
................................................................................

      if( pExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        zDb = 0;
        zTable = 0;
        zColumn = pExpr->u.zToken;
      }else{
        Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
        notValid(pParse, pNC, "the \".\" operator", NC_IdxExpr|NC_GenCol);
        pRight = pExpr->pRight;
        if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
          zDb = 0;
        }else{
          assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
          zDb = pLeft->u.zToken;
          pLeft = pRight->pLeft;
................................................................................
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT)==0 ){
          /* Date/time functions that use 'now', and other functions like
          ** sqlite_version() that might change over time cannot be used
          ** in an index. */
          notValid(pParse, pNC, "non-deterministic functions",
                   NC_IdxExpr|NC_PartIdx|NC_GenCol);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_INTERNAL)!=0
         && pParse->nested==0
         && sqlite3Config.bInternalFunctions==0
        ){
          /* Internal-use-only functions are disallowed unless the
          ** SQL is being compiled using sqlite3NestedParse() */
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
        notValid(pParse, pNC, "subqueries", 
                 NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr|NC_GenCol);
        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
          pNC->ncFlags |= NC_VarSelect;
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      notValid(pParse, pNC, "parameters",
               NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr|NC_GenCol);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollateAndLikely(pExpr->pRight);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
      /* Handle special cases of "x IS TRUE", "x IS FALSE", "x IS NOT TRUE",
................................................................................
** Resolve names in expressions that can only reference a single table
** or which cannot reference any tables at all.  Examples:
**
**    (1)   CHECK constraints
**    (2)   WHERE clauses on partial indices
**    (3)   Expressions in indexes on expressions
**    (4)   Expression arguments to VACUUM INTO.
**    (5)   GENERATED ALWAYS as expressions
**
** In all cases except (4), the Expr.iTable value for Expr.op==TK_COLUMN
** nodes of the expression is set to -1 and the Expr.iColumn value is
** set to the column number.  In case (4), TK_COLUMN nodes cause an error.
**
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
int sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,     /* The table being referenced, or NULL */
  int type,        /* NC_IsCheck, NC_PartIdx, NC_IdxExpr, NC_GenCol, or 0 */
  Expr *pExpr,     /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList  /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NULL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
  int rc;

  assert( type==0 || pTab!=0 );
  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx || type==NC_IdxExpr
          || type==NC_GenCol || pTab==0 );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
  if( pTab ){
    sSrc.nSrc = 1;
    sSrc.a[0].zName = pTab->zName;
    sSrc.a[0].pTab = pTab;
    sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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4071
  int nRefModule;                      /* Number of pointers to this object */
  void *pAux;                          /* pAux passed to create_module() */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *);            /* Module destructor function */
  Table *pEpoTab;                      /* Eponymous table for this module */
};

/*
** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of this structure.













*/
struct Column {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column, \000, then the type */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of value in this column. sizeof(INT)==1 */
  u8 colFlags;     /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */
#define COLFLAG_HASTYPE  0x0004    /* Type name follows column name */
#define COLFLAG_UNIQUE   0x0008    /* Column def contains "UNIQUE" or "PK" */
#define COLFLAG_SORTERREF 0x0010   /* Use sorter-refs with this column */







/*
** A "Collating Sequence" is defined by an instance of the following
** structure. Conceptually, a collating sequence consists of a name and
** a comparison routine that defines the order of that sequence.
**
** If CollSeq.xCmp is NULL, it means that the
................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
                       /*   ... also used as column name list in a VIEW */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree page for this table */
  u32 nTabRef;         /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u32 tabFlags;        /* Mask of TF_* values */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the rowid */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */

  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
  LogEst costMult;     /* Cost multiplier for using this table */
#endif
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for Table.tabFlags.
**
** TF_OOOHidden applies to tables or view that have hidden columns that are
** followed by non-hidden columns.  Example:  "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x USING
** vtab1(a HIDDEN, b);".  Since "b" is a non-hidden column but "a" is hidden,
** the TF_OOOHidden attribute would apply in this case.  Such tables require
** special handling during INSERT processing.





*/
#define TF_Readonly        0x0001    /* Read-only system table */
#define TF_Ephemeral       0x0002    /* An ephemeral table */
#define TF_HasPrimaryKey   0x0004    /* Table has a primary key */
#define TF_Autoincrement   0x0008    /* Integer primary key is autoincrement */
#define TF_HasStat1        0x0010    /* nRowLogEst set from sqlite_stat1 */
#define TF_WithoutRowid    0x0020    /* No rowid.  PRIMARY KEY is the key */
#define TF_NoVisibleRowid  0x0040    /* No user-visible "rowid" column */
#define TF_OOOHidden       0x0080    /* Out-of-Order hidden columns */

#define TF_StatsUsed       0x0100    /* Query planner decisions affected by
                                     ** Index.aiRowLogEst[] values */


#define TF_HasNotNull      0x0200    /* Contains NOT NULL constraints */
#define TF_Shadow          0x0400    /* True for a shadow table */

/*
** Test to see whether or not a table is a virtual table.  This is
** done as a macro so that it will be optimized out when virtual
** table support is omitted from the build.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
  unsigned noSkipScan:1;   /* Do not try to use skip-scan if true */
  unsigned hasStat1:1;     /* aiRowLogEst values come from sqlite_stat1 */
  unsigned bNoQuery:1;     /* Do not use this index to optimize queries */
  unsigned bAscKeyBug:1;   /* True if the bba7b69f9849b5bf bug applies */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this index */
  tRowcnt nRowEst0;        /* Non-logarithmic number of rows in the index */
................................................................................
**
** Value constraints (all checked via assert()):
**    NC_HasAgg    == SF_HasAgg    == EP_Agg
**    NC_MinMaxAgg == SF_MinMaxAgg == SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX
**    NC_HasWin    == EP_Win
**
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x0001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x0002  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x0004  /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x0008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x0010  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IdxExpr   0x0020  /* True if resolving columns of CREATE INDEX */
#define NC_VarSelect 0x0040  /* A correlated subquery has been seen */
#define NC_UEList    0x0080  /* True if uNC.pEList is used */
#define NC_UAggInfo  0x0100  /* True if uNC.pAggInfo is used */
#define NC_UUpsert   0x0200  /* True if uNC.pUpsert is used */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x1000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x2000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */
#define NC_AllowWin  0x4000  /* Window functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasWin    0x8000  /* One or more window functions seen */
#define NC_IsDDL    0x10000  /* Resolving names in a CREATE statement */


/*
** An instance of the following object describes a single ON CONFLICT
** clause in an upsert.
**
** The pUpsertTarget field is only set if the ON CONFLICT clause includes
** conflict-target clause.  (In "ON CONFLICT(a,b)" the "(a,b)" is the
................................................................................
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3*,Table*);
int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(Parse*,ExprList*,i16*,Column**);
void sqlite3SelectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(Parse*,Table*,Select*,char);
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*,char);
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index*, i16);







void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS
  void sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(Table*, Column*);
#else
# define sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(T,C) /* no-op */
#endif
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,Expr*,const char*,const char*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);

void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,u8,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  int sqlite3CodecQueryParameters(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*);
#else
# define sqlite3CodecQueryParameters(A,B,C) 0
................................................................................
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int, Upsert*);



void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(Parse*, IdList*, Token*);
int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
................................................................................
#define ONEPASS_SINGLE   1        /* ONEPASS valid for a single row update */
#define ONEPASS_MULTI    2        /* ONEPASS is valid for multiple rows */
void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);



void sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_REF      0x04  /* Use ExprList.u.x.iOrderByCol */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF  0x08  /* Omit if ExprList.u.x.iOrderByCol */
void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);







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  int nRefModule;                      /* Number of pointers to this object */
  void *pAux;                          /* pAux passed to create_module() */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *);            /* Module destructor function */
  Table *pEpoTab;                      /* Eponymous table for this module */
};

/*
** Information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of the Column structure, in the Table.aCol[] array.
**
** Definitions:
**
**   "table column index"     This is the index of the column in the
**                            Table.aCol[] array, and also the index of
**                            the column in the original CREATE TABLE stmt.
**
**   "storage column index"   This is the index of the column in the
**                            record BLOB generated by the OP_MakeRecord
**                            opcode.  The storage column index is less than
**                            or equal to the table column index.  It is
**                            equal if and only if there are no VIRTUAL
**                            columns to the left.
*/
struct Column {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column, \000, then the type */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value or GENERATED ALWAYS AS value */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of value in this column. sizeof(INT)==1 */
  u16 colFlags;    /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY   0x0001   /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN    0x0002   /* A hidden column in a virtual table */
#define COLFLAG_HASTYPE   0x0004   /* Type name follows column name */
#define COLFLAG_UNIQUE    0x0008   /* Column def contains "UNIQUE" or "PK" */
#define COLFLAG_SORTERREF 0x0010   /* Use sorter-refs with this column */
#define COLFLAG_VIRTUAL   0x0020   /* GENERATED ALWAYS AS ... VIRTUAL */
#define COLFLAG_STORED    0x0040   /* GENERATED ALWAYS AS ... STORED */
#define COLFLAG_BUSY      0x0080   /* Blocks recursion on GENERATED columns */
#define COLFLAG_NOTAVAIL  0x0100   /* STORED column not yet calculated */
#define COLFLAG_GENERATED 0x0060   /* Combo: _STORED, _VIRTUAL */
#define COLFLAG_NOINSERT  0x0062   /* Combo: _HIDDEN, _STORED, _VIRTUAL */

/*
** A "Collating Sequence" is defined by an instance of the following
** structure. Conceptually, a collating sequence consists of a name and
** a comparison routine that defines the order of that sequence.
**
** If CollSeq.xCmp is NULL, it means that the
................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
                       /*   ... also used as column name list in a VIEW */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree page for this table */
  u32 nTabRef;         /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u32 tabFlags;        /* Mask of TF_* values */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the rowid */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  i16 nNVCol;          /* Number of columns that are not VIRTUAL */
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
  LogEst costMult;     /* Cost multiplier for using this table */
#endif
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for Table.tabFlags.
**
** TF_OOOHidden applies to tables or view that have hidden columns that are
** followed by non-hidden columns.  Example:  "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x USING
** vtab1(a HIDDEN, b);".  Since "b" is a non-hidden column but "a" is hidden,
** the TF_OOOHidden attribute would apply in this case.  Such tables require
** special handling during INSERT processing. The "OOO" means "Out Of Order".
**
** Constraints:
**
**         TF_HasVirtual == COLFLAG_Virtual
**         TF_HasStored  == COLFLAG_Stored
*/
#define TF_Readonly        0x0001    /* Read-only system table */
#define TF_Ephemeral       0x0002    /* An ephemeral table */
#define TF_HasPrimaryKey   0x0004    /* Table has a primary key */
#define TF_Autoincrement   0x0008    /* Integer primary key is autoincrement */
#define TF_HasStat1        0x0010    /* nRowLogEst set from sqlite_stat1 */
#define TF_HasVirtual      0x0020    /* Has one or more VIRTUAL columns */
#define TF_HasStored       0x0040    /* Has one or more STORED columns */
#define TF_HasGenerated    0x0060    /* Combo: HasVirtual + HasStored */
#define TF_WithoutRowid    0x0080    /* No rowid.  PRIMARY KEY is the key */
#define TF_StatsUsed       0x0100    /* Query planner decisions affected by
                                     ** Index.aiRowLogEst[] values */
#define TF_NoVisibleRowid  0x0200    /* No user-visible "rowid" column */
#define TF_OOOHidden       0x0400    /* Out-of-Order hidden columns */
#define TF_HasNotNull      0x0800    /* Contains NOT NULL constraints */
#define TF_Shadow          0x1000    /* True for a shadow table */

/*
** Test to see whether or not a table is a virtual table.  This is
** done as a macro so that it will be optimized out when virtual
** table support is omitted from the build.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
  unsigned noSkipScan:1;   /* Do not try to use skip-scan if true */
  unsigned hasStat1:1;     /* aiRowLogEst values come from sqlite_stat1 */
  unsigned bNoQuery:1;     /* Do not use this index to optimize queries */
  unsigned bAscKeyBug:1;   /* True if the bba7b69f9849b5bf bug applies */
  unsigned bHasVCol:1;     /* Index references one or more VIRTUAL columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this index */
  tRowcnt nRowEst0;        /* Non-logarithmic number of rows in the index */
................................................................................
**
** Value constraints (all checked via assert()):
**    NC_HasAgg    == SF_HasAgg    == EP_Agg
**    NC_MinMaxAgg == SF_MinMaxAgg == SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX
**    NC_HasWin    == EP_Win
**
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x00001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x00002  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x00004  /* True if resolving a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x00008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x00010  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IdxExpr   0x00020  /* True if resolving columns of CREATE INDEX */
#define NC_VarSelect 0x00040  /* A correlated subquery has been seen */
#define NC_UEList    0x00080  /* True if uNC.pEList is used */
#define NC_UAggInfo  0x00100  /* True if uNC.pAggInfo is used */
#define NC_UUpsert   0x00200  /* True if uNC.pUpsert is used */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x01000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x02000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */
#define NC_AllowWin  0x04000  /* Window functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasWin    0x08000  /* One or more window functions seen */
#define NC_IsDDL     0x10000  /* Resolving names in a CREATE statement */
#define NC_GenCol    0x20000  /* True for a GENERATED ALWAYS AS clause */

/*
** An instance of the following object describes a single ON CONFLICT
** clause in an upsert.
**
** The pUpsertTarget field is only set if the ON CONFLICT clause includes
** conflict-target clause.  (In "ON CONFLICT(a,b)" the "(a,b)" is the
................................................................................
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3*,Table*);
int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(Parse*,ExprList*,i16*,Column**);
void sqlite3SelectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(Parse*,Table*,Select*,char);
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*,char);
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
i16 sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(Index*, i16);
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
# define sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
# define sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
#else
  i16 sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(Table*, i16);
  i16 sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(Table*, i16);
#endif
void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_HIDDEN_COLUMNS
  void sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(Table*, Column*);
#else
# define sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(T,C) /* no-op */
#endif
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,Expr*,const char*,const char*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3AddGenerated(Parse*,Expr*,Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,u8,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  int sqlite3CodecQueryParameters(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*);
#else
# define sqlite3CodecQueryParameters(A,B,C) 0
................................................................................
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int, Upsert*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  void sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(Parse*, int, Table*);
#endif
void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(Parse*, IdList*, Token*);
int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
................................................................................
#define ONEPASS_SINGLE   1        /* ONEPASS valid for a single row update */
#define ONEPASS_MULTI    2        /* ONEPASS is valid for multiple rows */
void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
void sqlite3ExprCodeGeneratedColumn(Parse*, Column*, int);
#endif
void sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);

int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_REF      0x04  /* Use ExprList.u.x.iOrderByCol */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF  0x08  /* Omit if ExprList.u.x.iOrderByCol */
void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);

Changes to src/update.c.

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  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError,           /* How to handle constraint errors */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,    /* ORDER BY clause. May be null */
  Expr *pLimit,          /* LIMIT clause. May be null */
  Upsert *pUpsert        /* ON CONFLICT clause, or null */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addrTop = 0;       /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
................................................................................
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRowid = 1;
          pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
        }else if( pPk && (pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0 ){
          chngPk = 1;
        }










        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      if( pPk==0 && sqlite3IsRowid(pChanges->a[i].zName) ){
        j = -1;
................................................................................
    }
#endif
  }
  assert( (chngRowid & chngPk)==0 );
  assert( chngRowid==0 || chngRowid==1 );
  assert( chngPk==0 || chngPk==1 );
  chngKey = chngRowid + chngPk;




























  /* The SET expressions are not actually used inside the WHERE loop.  
  ** So reset the colUsed mask. Unless this is a virtual table. In that
  ** case, set all bits of the colUsed mask (to ensure that the virtual
  ** table implementation makes all columns available).
  */
  pTabList->a[0].colUsed = IsVirtual(pTab) ? ALLBITS : 0;
................................................................................
    /* Read the PK of the current row into an array of registers. In
    ** ONEPASS_OFF mode, serialize the array into a record and store it in
    ** the ephemeral table. Or, in ONEPASS_SINGLE or MULTI mode, change
    ** the OP_OpenEphemeral instruction to a Noop (the ephemeral table 
    ** is not required) and leave the PK fields in the array of registers.  */
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur,pPk->aiColumn[i],iPk+i);

    }
    if( eOnePass ){
      if( addrOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
................................................................................
  /* Compute the old pre-UPDATE content of the row being changed, if that
  ** information is needed */
  if( chngPk || hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
        pTrigger, pChanges, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, onError
    );
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){





      if( oldmask==0xffffffff
       || (i<32 && (oldmask & MASKBIT32(i))!=0)
       || (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0
      ){
        testcase(  oldmask!=0xffffffff && i==31 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regOld+i);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regOld+i);
      }
    }
    if( chngRowid==0 && pPk==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regOldRowid, regNewRowid);
    }
  }

................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);


    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, regNew+i);
      }else if( 0==(tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE) || i>31 || (newmask & MASKBIT32(i)) ){
        /* This branch loads the value of a column that will not be changed 
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }








  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNew);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
................................................................................
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their registers
    ** in case this has happened. Only unmodified columns are reloaded.
    ** The values computed for modified columns use the values before the
    ** BEFORE trigger runs.  See test case trigger1-18.0 (added 2018-04-26)
    ** for an example.
    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){


      if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);
      }
    }







  }

  if( !isView ){
    /* Do constraint checks. */
    assert( regOldRowid>0 );
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
        regNewRowid, regOldRowid, chngKey, onError, labelContinue, &bReplace,
................................................................................

  /* Start scanning the virtual table */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0,0,WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED,0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) return;

  /* Populate the argument registers. */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){

    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, regArg+2+i);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_VColumn, iCsr, i, regArg+2+i);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NOCHNG);/* Enable sqlite3_vtab_nochange() */
    }
  }







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666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
...
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
...
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
...
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError,           /* How to handle constraint errors */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,    /* ORDER BY clause. May be null */
  Expr *pLimit,          /* LIMIT clause. May be null */
  Upsert *pUpsert        /* ON CONFLICT clause, or null */
){
  int i, j, k;           /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addrTop = 0;       /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
................................................................................
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRowid = 1;
          pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
        }else if( pPk && (pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0 ){
          chngPk = 1;
        }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
        else if( pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
          testcase( pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL );
          testcase( pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_STORED );
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
             "cannot UPDATE generated column \"%s\"",
             pTab->aCol[j].zName);
          goto update_cleanup;
        }
#endif
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      if( pPk==0 && sqlite3IsRowid(pChanges->a[i].zName) ){
        j = -1;
................................................................................
    }
#endif
  }
  assert( (chngRowid & chngPk)==0 );
  assert( chngRowid==0 || chngRowid==1 );
  assert( chngPk==0 || chngPk==1 );
  chngKey = chngRowid + chngPk;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  /* Mark generated columns as changing if their generator expressions
  ** reference any changing column.  The actual aXRef[] value for 
  ** generated expressions is not used, other than to check to see that it
  ** is non-negative, so the value of aXRef[] for generated columns can be
  ** set to any non-negative number.  We use 99999 so that the value is
  ** obvious when looking at aXRef[] in a symbolic debugger. 
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
    int bProgress;
    testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
    testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
    do{
      bProgress = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
        if( aXRef[i]>=0 ) continue;
        if( (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)==0 ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprReferencesUpdatedColumn(pTab->aCol[i].pDflt,
                                               aXRef, chngRowid) ){
          aXRef[i] = 99999;
          bProgress = 1;
        }
      }
    }while( bProgress );
  }
#endif

  /* The SET expressions are not actually used inside the WHERE loop.  
  ** So reset the colUsed mask. Unless this is a virtual table. In that
  ** case, set all bits of the colUsed mask (to ensure that the virtual
  ** table implementation makes all columns available).
  */
  pTabList->a[0].colUsed = IsVirtual(pTab) ? ALLBITS : 0;
................................................................................
    /* Read the PK of the current row into an array of registers. In
    ** ONEPASS_OFF mode, serialize the array into a record and store it in
    ** the ephemeral table. Or, in ONEPASS_SINGLE or MULTI mode, change
    ** the OP_OpenEphemeral instruction to a Noop (the ephemeral table 
    ** is not required) and leave the PK fields in the array of registers.  */
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur,
                                      pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
    }
    if( eOnePass ){
      if( addrOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
................................................................................
  /* Compute the old pre-UPDATE content of the row being changed, if that
  ** information is needed */
  if( chngPk || hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
        pTrigger, pChanges, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, onError
    );
    for(i=0, k=regOld; i<pTab->nCol; i++, k++){
      u32 colFlags = pTab->aCol[i].colFlags;
      if( colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ){
        k--;
        continue;
      }
      if( oldmask==0xffffffff
       || (i<32 && (oldmask & MASKBIT32(i))!=0)
       || (colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0
      ){
        testcase(  oldmask!=0xffffffff && i==31 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, k);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, k);
      }
    }
    if( chngRowid==0 && pPk==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regOldRowid, regNewRowid);
    }
  }

................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );
  for(i=0, k=regNew; i<pTab->nCol; i++, k++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, k);
    }else if( (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)!=0 ){
      if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ) k--;
    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, k);
      }else if( 0==(tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE) || i>31 || (newmask & MASKBIT32(i)) ){
        /* This branch loads the value of a column that will not be changed 
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, k);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, k);
      }
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
    testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
    testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
    sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(pParse, regNew, pTab);
  }
#endif

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNew);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
................................................................................
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their registers
    ** in case this has happened. Only unmodified columns are reloaded.
    ** The values computed for modified columns use the values before the
    ** BEFORE trigger runs.  See test case trigger1-18.0 (added 2018-04-26)
    ** for an example.
    */
    for(i=0, k=regNew; i<pTab->nCol; i++, k++){
      if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED ){
        if( pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL ) k--;
      }else if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, k);
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasGenerated ){
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasVirtual );
      testcase( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasStored );
      sqlite3ComputeGeneratedColumns(pParse, regNew, pTab);
    }
#endif 
  }

  if( !isView ){
    /* Do constraint checks. */
    assert( regOldRowid>0 );
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
        regNewRowid, regOldRowid, chngKey, onError, labelContinue, &bReplace,
................................................................................

  /* Start scanning the virtual table */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0,0,WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED,0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) return;

  /* Populate the argument registers. */
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    assert( (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_GENERATED)==0 );
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, regArg+2+i);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_VColumn, iCsr, i, regArg+2+i);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NOCHNG);/* Enable sqlite3_vtab_nochange() */
    }
  }

Changes to src/upsert.c.

222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
      int iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
      pParse->nMem += nPk;
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        int k;
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, k, iPk+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pIdx->zName,
                    pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeVerifyAbortable(v, OE_Abort);
      i = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iDataCur, 0, iPk, nPk);
      VdbeCoverage(v);







|







222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
      int iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
      pParse->nMem += nPk;
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        int k;
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
        k = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, k, iPk+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pIdx->zName,
                    pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeVerifyAbortable(v, OE_Abort);
      i = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iDataCur, 0, iPk, nPk);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
    }
    if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
      db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-desiredAutoCommit);
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    assert( db->nStatement==0 );
    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    goto vdbe_return;







<







3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377

3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
    }
    if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
      db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-desiredAutoCommit);
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }

    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    goto vdbe_return;

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

175
176
177
178
179
180
181

182
183
184
185
186
187
188
#define SQLITE_PREPARE_MASK     0x0f  /* Mask of public flags */

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);

int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeGoto(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeLoadString(Vdbe*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(Vdbe*,int,const char*,...);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);







>







175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
#define SQLITE_PREPARE_MASK     0x0f  /* Mask of public flags */

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
Parse *sqlite3VdbeParser(Vdbe*);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeGoto(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeLoadString(Vdbe*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(Vdbe*,int,const char*,...);
int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);

Changes to src/vdbeapi.c.

1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
....
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
  /* Test that this call is being made from within an SQLITE_DELETE or
  ** SQLITE_UPDATE pre-update callback, and that iIdx is within range. */
  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }
  if( p->pPk ){
    iIdx = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(p->pPk, iIdx);
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }

  /* If the old.* record has not yet been loaded into memory, do so now. */
................................................................................
  Mem *pMem;

  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_DELETE ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }
  if( p->pPk && p->op!=SQLITE_UPDATE ){
    iIdx = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(p->pPk, iIdx);
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }

  if( p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){







|







 







|







1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
....
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
  /* Test that this call is being made from within an SQLITE_DELETE or
  ** SQLITE_UPDATE pre-update callback, and that iIdx is within range. */
  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }
  if( p->pPk ){
    iIdx = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(p->pPk, iIdx);
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }

  /* If the old.* record has not yet been loaded into memory, do so now. */
................................................................................
  Mem *pMem;

  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_DELETE ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }
  if( p->pPk && p->op!=SQLITE_UPDATE ){
    iIdx = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(p->pPk, iIdx);
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }

  if( p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

37
38
39
40
41
42
43







44
45
46
47
48
49
50
  assert( pParse->aLabel==0 );
  assert( pParse->nLabel==0 );
  assert( p->nOpAlloc==0 );
  assert( pParse->szOpAlloc==0 );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(p, OP_Init, 0, 1);
  return p;
}








/*
** Change the error string stored in Vdbe.zErrMsg
*/
void sqlite3VdbeError(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zErrMsg);







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
  assert( pParse->aLabel==0 );
  assert( pParse->nLabel==0 );
  assert( p->nOpAlloc==0 );
  assert( pParse->szOpAlloc==0 );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(p, OP_Init, 0, 1);
  return p;
}

/*
** Return the Parse object that owns a Vdbe object.
*/
Parse *sqlite3VdbeParser(Vdbe *p){
  return p->pParse;
}

/*
** Change the error string stored in Vdbe.zErrMsg
*/
void sqlite3VdbeError(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zErrMsg);

Changes to src/vtab.c.

620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
    if( sCtx.bDeclared==0 ){
      const char *zFormat = "vtable constructor did not declare schema: %s";
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, zFormat, pTab->zName);
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(pVTable);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else{
      int iCol;
      u8 oooHidden = 0;
      /* If everything went according to plan, link the new VTable structure
      ** into the linked list headed by pTab->pVTable. Then loop through the 
      ** columns of the table to see if any of them contain the token "hidden".
      ** If so, set the Column COLFLAG_HIDDEN flag and remove the token from
      ** the type string.  */
      pVTable->pNext = pTab->pVTable;
      pTab->pVTable = pVTable;







|







620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
    if( sCtx.bDeclared==0 ){
      const char *zFormat = "vtable constructor did not declare schema: %s";
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, zFormat, pTab->zName);
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(pVTable);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else{
      int iCol;
      u16 oooHidden = 0;
      /* If everything went according to plan, link the new VTable structure
      ** into the linked list headed by pTab->pVTable. Then loop through the 
      ** columns of the table to see if any of them contain the token "hidden".
      ** If so, set the Column COLFLAG_HIDDEN flag and remove the token from
      ** the type string.  */
      pVTable->pNext = pTab->pVTable;
      pTab->pVTable = pVTable;

Changes to src/where.c.

5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378



5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
        ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];
            assert( x>=0 );



          }
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
            OpcodeRewriteTrace(db, k, pOp);
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 
              || pWInfo->eOnePass );







>
>
>

|







5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
        ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];
            assert( x>=0 );
          }else{
            testcase( x!=sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(pTab,x) );
            x = sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(pTab,x);
          }
          x = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
            OpcodeRewriteTrace(db, k, pOp);
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 
              || pWInfo->eOnePass );

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
...
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
....
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108

1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
....
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130

















1131
1132
1133
1134




1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143

1144
1145
1146
1147





1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154

1155
1156
1157










1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
....
1822
1823
1824
1825
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1839
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....
2082
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2090
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2096
** accessed through the index.  If it cannot, then set pWalker->eCode to 1.
*/
static int codeCursorHintCheckExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  struct CCurHint *pHint = pWalker->u.pCCurHint;
  assert( pHint->pIdx!=0 );
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->iTable==pHint->iTabCur
   && sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pHint->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn)<0
  ){
    pWalker->eCode = 1;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->iTable!=pHint->iTabCur ){
      int reg = ++pWalker->pParse->nMem;   /* Register for column value */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pWalker->pParse, pExpr, reg);
      pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
      pExpr->iTable = reg;
    }else if( pHint->pIdx!=0 ){
      pExpr->iTable = pHint->iIdxCur;
      pExpr->iColumn = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pHint->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn);
      assert( pExpr->iColumn>=0 );
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
    /* An aggregate function in the WHERE clause of a query means this must
    ** be a correlated sub-query, and expression pExpr is an aggregate from
    ** the parent context. Do not walk the function arguments in this case.
    **
................................................................................
** down through the Walker.
*/
typedef struct IdxExprTrans {
  Expr *pIdxExpr;    /* The index expression */
  int iTabCur;       /* The cursor of the corresponding table */
  int iIdxCur;       /* The cursor for the index */
  int iIdxCol;       /* The column for the index */

} IdxExprTrans;

/* The walker node callback used to transform matching expressions into
** a reference to an index column for an index on an expression.
**
** If pExpr matches, then transform it into a reference to the index column
** that contains the value of pExpr.
................................................................................
    pExpr->y.pTab = 0;
    return WRC_Prune;
  }else{
    return WRC_Continue;
  }
}


















/*
** For an indexes on expression X, locate every instance of expression X
** in pExpr and change that subexpression into a reference to the appropriate
** column of the index.




*/
static void whereIndexExprTrans(
  Index *pIdx,      /* The Index */
  int iTabCur,      /* Cursor of the table that is being indexed */
  int iIdxCur,      /* Cursor of the index itself */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo /* Transform expressions in this WHERE clause */
){
  int iIdxCol;               /* Column number of the index */
  ExprList *aColExpr;        /* Expressions that are indexed */

  Walker w;
  IdxExprTrans x;
  aColExpr = pIdx->aColExpr;
  if( aColExpr==0 ) return;  /* Not an index on expressions */





  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = whereIndexExprTransNode;
  w.u.pIdxTrans = &x;
  x.iTabCur = iTabCur;
  x.iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
  for(iIdxCol=0; iIdxCol<aColExpr->nExpr; iIdxCol++){
    if( pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol]!=XN_EXPR ) continue;

    assert( aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr!=0 );
    x.iIdxCol = iIdxCol;
    x.pIdxExpr = aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr;










    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pWInfo->pWhere);
    sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pWInfo->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pWInfo->pResultSet);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        codeDeferredSeek(pWInfo, pIdx, iCur, iIdxCur);
      }
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If pIdx is an index on one or more expressions, then look through
    ** all the expressions in pWInfo and try to transform matching expressions
    ** into reference to index columns.


    **
    ** Do not do this for the RHS of a LEFT JOIN. This is because the 
    ** expression may be evaluated after OP_NullRow has been executed on
    ** the cursor. In this case it is important to do the full evaluation,
    ** as the result of the expression may not be NULL, even if all table
    ** column values are.  https://www.sqlite.org/src/info/7fa8049685b50b5a
    **
................................................................................
              int iPk;
              int r;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iCur, iCol, r+iPk);
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.







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...
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....
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....
1125
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1128
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1177
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....
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....
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2132
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2134
2135
** accessed through the index.  If it cannot, then set pWalker->eCode to 1.
*/
static int codeCursorHintCheckExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  struct CCurHint *pHint = pWalker->u.pCCurHint;
  assert( pHint->pIdx!=0 );
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->iTable==pHint->iTabCur
   && sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pHint->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn)<0
  ){
    pWalker->eCode = 1;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->iTable!=pHint->iTabCur ){
      int reg = ++pWalker->pParse->nMem;   /* Register for column value */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pWalker->pParse, pExpr, reg);
      pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
      pExpr->iTable = reg;
    }else if( pHint->pIdx!=0 ){
      pExpr->iTable = pHint->iIdxCur;
      pExpr->iColumn = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pHint->pIdx, pExpr->iColumn);
      assert( pExpr->iColumn>=0 );
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
    /* An aggregate function in the WHERE clause of a query means this must
    ** be a correlated sub-query, and expression pExpr is an aggregate from
    ** the parent context. Do not walk the function arguments in this case.
    **
................................................................................
** down through the Walker.
*/
typedef struct IdxExprTrans {
  Expr *pIdxExpr;    /* The index expression */
  int iTabCur;       /* The cursor of the corresponding table */
  int iIdxCur;       /* The cursor for the index */
  int iIdxCol;       /* The column for the index */
  int iTabCol;       /* The column for the table */
} IdxExprTrans;

/* The walker node callback used to transform matching expressions into
** a reference to an index column for an index on an expression.
**
** If pExpr matches, then transform it into a reference to the index column
** that contains the value of pExpr.
................................................................................
    pExpr->y.pTab = 0;
    return WRC_Prune;
  }else{
    return WRC_Continue;
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
/* A walker node callback that translates a column reference to a table
** into a corresponding column reference of an index.
*/
static int whereIndexExprTransColumn(Walker *p, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN ){
    IdxExprTrans *pX = p->u.pIdxTrans;
    if( pExpr->iTable==pX->iTabCur && pExpr->iColumn==pX->iTabCol ){
      pExpr->iTable = pX->iIdxCur;
      pExpr->iColumn = pX->iIdxCol;
      pExpr->y.pTab = 0;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS */

/*
** For an indexes on expression X, locate every instance of expression X
** in pExpr and change that subexpression into a reference to the appropriate
** column of the index.
**
** 2019-10-24: Updated to also translate references to a VIRTUAL column in
** the table into references to the corresponding (stored) column of the
** index.
*/
static void whereIndexExprTrans(
  Index *pIdx,      /* The Index */
  int iTabCur,      /* Cursor of the table that is being indexed */
  int iIdxCur,      /* Cursor of the index itself */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo /* Transform expressions in this WHERE clause */
){
  int iIdxCol;               /* Column number of the index */
  ExprList *aColExpr;        /* Expressions that are indexed */
  Table *pTab;
  Walker w;
  IdxExprTrans x;
  aColExpr = pIdx->aColExpr;
  if( aColExpr==0 && !pIdx->bHasVCol ){
    /* The index does not reference any expressions or virtual columns
    ** so no translations are needed. */
    return;
  }
  pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));

  w.u.pIdxTrans = &x;
  x.iTabCur = iTabCur;
  x.iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
  for(iIdxCol=0; iIdxCol<pIdx->nColumn; iIdxCol++){
    i16 iRef = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
    if( iRef==XN_EXPR ){
      assert( aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr!=0 );

      x.pIdxExpr = aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr;
      w.xExprCallback = whereIndexExprTransNode;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
    }else if( iRef>=0 && (pTab->aCol[iRef].colFlags & COLFLAG_VIRTUAL)!=0 ){
      x.iTabCol = iRef;
      w.xExprCallback = whereIndexExprTransColumn;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS */
    }else{
      continue;
    }
    x.iIdxCol = iIdxCol;
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pWInfo->pWhere);
    sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pWInfo->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pWInfo->pResultSet);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        codeDeferredSeek(pWInfo, pIdx, iCur, iIdxCur);
      }
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If pIdx is an index on one or more expressions, then look through
    ** all the expressions in pWInfo and try to transform matching expressions
    ** into reference to index columns.  Also attempt to translate references
    ** to virtual columns in the table into references to (stored) columns
    ** of the index.
    **
    ** Do not do this for the RHS of a LEFT JOIN. This is because the 
    ** expression may be evaluated after OP_NullRow has been executed on
    ** the cursor. In this case it is important to do the full evaluation,
    ** as the result of the expression may not be NULL, even if all table
    ** column values are.  https://www.sqlite.org/src/info/7fa8049685b50b5a
    **
................................................................................
              int iPk;
              int r;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iCur, iCol,r+iPk);
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.

Changes to tool/mkkeywordhash.c.

160
161
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163
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166

167
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...
212
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214
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219
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static Keyword aKeywordTable[] = {
  { "ABORT",            "TK_ABORT",        CONFLICT|TRIGGER       },
  { "ACTION",           "TK_ACTION",       FKEY                   },
  { "ADD",              "TK_ADD",          ALTER                  },
  { "AFTER",            "TK_AFTER",        TRIGGER                },
  { "ALL",              "TK_ALL",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "ALTER",            "TK_ALTER",        ALTER                  },

  { "ANALYZE",          "TK_ANALYZE",      ANALYZE                },
  { "AND",              "TK_AND",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "AS",               "TK_AS",           ALWAYS                 },
  { "ASC",              "TK_ASC",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "ATTACH",           "TK_ATTACH",       ATTACH                 },
  { "AUTOINCREMENT",    "TK_AUTOINCR",     AUTOINCR               },
  { "BEFORE",           "TK_BEFORE",       TRIGGER                },
................................................................................
  { "FILTER",           "TK_FILTER",       WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "FIRST",            "TK_FIRST",        ALWAYS                 },
  { "FOLLOWING",        "TK_FOLLOWING",    WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "FOR",              "TK_FOR",          TRIGGER                },
  { "FOREIGN",          "TK_FOREIGN",      FKEY                   },
  { "FROM",             "TK_FROM",         ALWAYS                 },
  { "FULL",             "TK_JOIN_KW",      ALWAYS                 },

  { "GLOB",             "TK_LIKE_KW",      ALWAYS                 },
  { "GROUP",            "TK_GROUP",        ALWAYS                 },
  { "GROUPS",           "TK_GROUPS",       WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "HAVING",           "TK_HAVING",       ALWAYS                 },
  { "IF",               "TK_IF",           ALWAYS                 },
  { "IGNORE",           "TK_IGNORE",       CONFLICT|TRIGGER       },
  { "IMMEDIATE",        "TK_IMMEDIATE",    ALWAYS                 },







>







 







>







160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
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174
...
213
214
215
216
217
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226
227
static Keyword aKeywordTable[] = {
  { "ABORT",            "TK_ABORT",        CONFLICT|TRIGGER       },
  { "ACTION",           "TK_ACTION",       FKEY                   },
  { "ADD",              "TK_ADD",          ALTER                  },
  { "AFTER",            "TK_AFTER",        TRIGGER                },
  { "ALL",              "TK_ALL",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "ALTER",            "TK_ALTER",        ALTER                  },
  { "ALWAYS",           "TK_ALWAYS",       ALWAYS                 },
  { "ANALYZE",          "TK_ANALYZE",      ANALYZE                },
  { "AND",              "TK_AND",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "AS",               "TK_AS",           ALWAYS                 },
  { "ASC",              "TK_ASC",          ALWAYS                 },
  { "ATTACH",           "TK_ATTACH",       ATTACH                 },
  { "AUTOINCREMENT",    "TK_AUTOINCR",     AUTOINCR               },
  { "BEFORE",           "TK_BEFORE",       TRIGGER                },
................................................................................
  { "FILTER",           "TK_FILTER",       WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "FIRST",            "TK_FIRST",        ALWAYS                 },
  { "FOLLOWING",        "TK_FOLLOWING",    WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "FOR",              "TK_FOR",          TRIGGER                },
  { "FOREIGN",          "TK_FOREIGN",      FKEY                   },
  { "FROM",             "TK_FROM",         ALWAYS                 },
  { "FULL",             "TK_JOIN_KW",      ALWAYS                 },
  { "GENERATED",        "TK_GENERATED",    ALWAYS                 },
  { "GLOB",             "TK_LIKE_KW",      ALWAYS                 },
  { "GROUP",            "TK_GROUP",        ALWAYS                 },
  { "GROUPS",           "TK_GROUPS",       WINDOWFUNC             },
  { "HAVING",           "TK_HAVING",       ALWAYS                 },
  { "IF",               "TK_IF",           ALWAYS                 },
  { "IGNORE",           "TK_IGNORE",       CONFLICT|TRIGGER       },
  { "IMMEDIATE",        "TK_IMMEDIATE",    ALWAYS                 },