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Overview
Comment:Add OP_IdxGT and OP_IdxLE as distinct opcodes. Formerly these operations where done using OP_IdxGE and OP_IdxLT with the P5 flag set. But VDBE code is easier to read with distinct opcode names. Also change OP_SeekGe to OP_SeekGE, and so forth, so that the capitalization is consistent. The whole point of this change is to improve the readability of VDBE listings.
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SHA1:b6bea903ac8e1717ed50b221d73bd0be061c7663
User & Date: drh 2014-02-14 15:13:36
Context
2014-02-14
20:59
Reduce the number of cases where it is necessary to check for NULL after the loop terminating condition. check-in: 3c1ae447 user: drh tags: trunk
15:13
Add OP_IdxGT and OP_IdxLE as distinct opcodes. Formerly these operations where done using OP_IdxGE and OP_IdxLT with the P5 flag set. But VDBE code is easier to read with distinct opcode names. Also change OP_SeekGe to OP_SeekGE, and so forth, so that the capitalization is consistent. The whole point of this change is to improve the readability of VDBE listings. check-in: b6bea903 user: drh tags: trunk
00:25
Revise how the Tcl system encoding is handled by the test suite. check-in: 9e573198 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLt:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGt: {       /* jump, in3 */
  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
................................................................................
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGe==(OP_SeekGt-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLt==(OP_SeekLe-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLe & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) ) oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLe==(OP_SeekLt+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGt==(OP_SeekGe+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLt & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGe & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLt & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( res==0 ){
................................................................................
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGt || oc==OP_SeekLe ){
    **     r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLt)));
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGt || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLe || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGe || r.flags==0 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLt || r.flags==0 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGe ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGe || oc==OP_SeekGt );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGt) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLt || oc==OP_SeekLe );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLt) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.

**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.



**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.






*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.

**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.



**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon prior 
** to the comparison.  This makes the opcode work like IdxLE.







*/


case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->p5 ){

    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }else{

    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);


  if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
    res = -res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
    res++;
  }
  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}







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**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLT:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGT: {       /* jump, in3 */
  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
................................................................................
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGE==(OP_SeekGT-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLT==(OP_SeekLE-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLE & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGT & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGT & 0x0001) ) oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLE==(OP_SeekLT+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGT==(OP_SeekGE+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLT & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGE & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLT & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( res==0 ){
................................................................................
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGT || oc==OP_SeekLE ){
    **     r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLT)));
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGT || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLE || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGE || r.flags==0 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLT || r.flags==0 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGE ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGE || oc==OP_SeekGT );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLT || oc==OP_SeekLE );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID 
** fields at the end.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxGT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**



** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID 
** fields at the end.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID.  Compare this key value against
** the index that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or
** ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**


** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID.  Compare this key value against
** the index that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or
** ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than or equal to the key value then jump
** to P2. Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IdxLE:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE:  {       /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
  assert( (OP_IdxLE&1)==(OP_IdxLT&1) && (OP_IdxGE&1)==(OP_IdxGT&1) );
  if( (pOp->opcode&1)==(OP_IdxLT&1) ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    res = -res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    res++;
  }
  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}

Changes to src/where.c.

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  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLt:OP_SeekGt),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
................................................................................
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGt,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLe,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLt,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGe
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
................................................................................
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGt,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLt,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGe,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */

    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
................................................................................
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );
    testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGt );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGe );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLe );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLt );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    op = aEndOp[(pRangeEnd || nEq) * (1 + bRev)];
    testcase( op==OP_Noop );
    testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );
    testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );
    if( op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, endEq!=bRev ?1:0);
    }

    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);







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2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
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2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
....
2881
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2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
....
2969
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2990
2991
2992
....
3090
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3098
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3101
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3103
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3107
....
3121
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3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
................................................................................
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGT,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLE,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLT,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGE
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
................................................................................
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGT,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLT,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGE,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLE            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 0: (end_constraints && !bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxGT,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev &&  endEq) */
      OP_IdxLE,            /* 2: (end_constraints &&  bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxLT,            /* 3: (end_constraints &&  bRev &&  endEq) */
    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
................................................................................
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );
    testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGT );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGE );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLE );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLT );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    if( pRangeEnd || nEq ){
      op = aEndOp[bRev*2 + endEq];
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLE );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
    }

    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);