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Overview
Comment:Reduce the amount of code run and memory used for ANALYZE in the common case where neither STAT3 and STAT4 are enabled.
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SHA1:9d1424c91a21ed740aca53e437b8f7c1f0823c03
User & Date: drh 2013-08-27 20:16:48
Context
2013-08-27
23:15
Adjust ANALYZE for improved test coverage. Use the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 macro (created in sqliteInt.h) to conditionally include code, instead of a boolean specifying both macros separately. check-in: 67a9a392 user: drh tags: trunk
20:16
Reduce the amount of code run and memory used for ANALYZE in the common case where neither STAT3 and STAT4 are enabled. check-in: 9d1424c9 user: drh tags: trunk
15:41
Update sqlite3.pc.in to use @PACKAGE_VERSION@ instead of @RELEASE@. check-in: 2460dfd8 user: dan tags: trunk
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/*
** 2005 July 8
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The functionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  The sqlite_stat4 is an enhanced
** version of sqlite_stat3 and is only available when compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 and in SQLite versions 3.8.0 and later.


**
** For most applications, sqlite_stat1 provides all the statisics required
** for the query planner to make good choices.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
................................................................................
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     1
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34 1
#else
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     0
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34


#endif


/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat4 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)



**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat4 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat4 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
................................................................................
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
    { "sqlite_stat4", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },



#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);



  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
................................................................................
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;

      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q", pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aRoot); i++){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
    if( !IsStat3 && !IsStat4 ) break;



  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
................................................................................
** Three SQL functions - stat_init(), stat_push(), and stat_get() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */
  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */



  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */

};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
................................................................................
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(C,N) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
  tRowcnt nRow;                   /* Number of rows in table (C) */
  int mxSample;                   /* Maximum number of samples collected */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */

  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */


  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nRow = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  assert( nCol>1 );               /* >1 because it includes the rowid column */


  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nCol                    /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nCol                    /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nCol                    /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */

    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)     /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nCol*(nCol+mxSample);


  p = sqlite3MallocZero(n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->nRow = nRow;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->mxSample = mxSample;
  p->nPSample = p->nRow/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
  p->iGet = -1;

  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nCol];









  p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nCol];
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);

  /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
  p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nCol];
  p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
  pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
  for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
    p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nCol);
    p->a[i].anLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nCol);
    p->a[i].anDLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nCol);
  }
  assert( (pSpace - (u8*)p)==n );

  for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
    p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
  }



  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  2,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function. 

**
**    stat_push(P,R,C)



**
** The return value is always NULL.



*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  i64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[2]);

  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  /* p->current.anEq[0] is false the first time this function is called. */


  if( p->current.anEq[0] ){



    samplePushPrevious(p, iChng);

    /* Update anDLt[], anLt[] and anEq[] to reflect the values that apply
    ** to the current row of the index. */
    for(i=0; i<iChng; i++){
      p->current.anEq[i]++;
    }
    for(i=iChng; i<p->nCol; i++){
      p->current.anDLt[i]++;

      p->current.anLt[i] += p->current.anEq[i];

      p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
    }

  }else{
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }

  if( IsStat4 || IsStat3 ){


    p->current.iRowid = rowid;
    p->current.iHash = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
  }


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  {
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[p->nCol-1];

    /* Check if this is to be a periodic sample. If so, add it. */
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+1)/p->nPSample ){
................................................................................
        sampleCopy(p, &p->aBest[i], &p->current);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statPushFuncdef = {
  3,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statPush,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34 */
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  2,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#else
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat3 + IsStat4);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  u8 needTableCnt = 1;         /* True to count the table */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */
  int regStat4 = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat4Accum object */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid argument passed to stat_push() */
  int regChng = iMem++;        /* Index of changed index field */



  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* Value for the stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
  int regPrev = iMem;          /* MUST BE LAST (see below) */

  pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, iMem);
................................................................................
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    **
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regRowid, regChng)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    **
    **  end_of_scan:
    */

    /* Make sure there are enough memory cells allocated to accommodate 
................................................................................
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF); 
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **     * the number of rows in the index,
    **     * the number of columns in the index including the rowid,

    **     * the recommended number of samples for the stat3/stat4 table.

    */

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+1);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol+1, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regPrev+i);
    }

    /*
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regRowid, regChng)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);



    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 3);
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+1) && regChng==(regStat4+2) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);

    /* Add the entries to the stat3 or stat4 table. */
    if( IsStat3 || IsStat4 ){

      int regEq = regStat1;
      int regLt = regStat1+1;
      int regDLt = regStat1+2;
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
................................................................................
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid);
      if( IsStat3 ){
        int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[0];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regSample);

      }else{
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
          sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
      }


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }


    /* Jump here if the index is empty */

    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
  }


  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.

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/*
** 2005-07-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The functionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  The sqlite_stat4 is an enhanced
** version of sqlite_stat3 and is only available when compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 and in SQLite versions 3.8.0 and later.  It is
** not possible to enable both STAT3 and STAT4 at the same time.  If they
** are both enabled, then STAT4 is precedence.
**
** For most applications, sqlite_stat1 provides all the statisics required
** for the query planner to make good choices.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
................................................................................
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     1
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34 1
#else
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     0
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
# undef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES 1
#endif
#define IsStat34    (IsStat3+IsStat4)  /* 1 for STAT3 or STAT4. 0 otherwise */

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_statN tables.



** The sqlite_stat1 table is always relevant.  sqlite_stat2 is now
** obsolete.  sqlite_stat3 and sqlite_stat4 are only opened when
** appropriate compile-time options are provided.
**
** If the sqlite_statN tables do not previously exist, it is created.


**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in

** the sqlite_statN tables associated with the named table are deleted.
** If zWhere==0, then code is generated to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
................................................................................
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
    { "sqlite_stat4", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#else
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#endif
  };




  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int aRoot[ArraySize(aTable)];
  u8 aCreateTbl[ArraySize(aTable)];

  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_statN table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
................................................................................
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      aCreateTbl[i] = 0;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q", pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    if( aTable[i].zCols ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);

    }else{
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
................................................................................
** Three SQL functions - stat_init(), stat_push(), and stat_get() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {

  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */

  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */
  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
................................................................................
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;



  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);


  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  assert( nCol>1 );               /* >1 because it includes the rowid column */
  nColUp = sizeof(tRowcnt)<8 ? (nCol+1)&~1 : nCol;

  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)   /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nColUp*(nCol+mxSample)
#endif
  ;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero(n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;




  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  {
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anDLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
    }
    assert( (pSpace - (u8*)p)==n );
  
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,R,C)
** Arguments:
**

**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row
**

** The SQL function always returns NULL.
**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);

  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);

  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* anEq[0] is only zero for the very first call to this function.  Do
    ** appropriate initialization */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;

  }else{
    /* Second and subsequent calls get processed here */
    samplePushPrevious(p, iChng);

    /* Update anDLt[], anLt[] and anEq[] to reflect the values that apply
    ** to the current row of the index. */
    for(i=0; i<iChng; i++){
      p->current.anEq[i]++;
    }
    for(i=iChng; i<p->nCol; i++){
      p->current.anDLt[i]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
      p->current.anLt[i] += p->current.anEq[i];
#endif
      p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
    }
  }





  p->nRow++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  p->current.iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  p->current.iHash = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  {
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[p->nCol-1];

    /* Check if this is to be a periodic sample. If so, add it. */
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+1)/p->nPSample ){
................................................................................
        sampleCopy(p, &p->aBest[i], &p->current);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statPushFuncdef = {
  2+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statPush,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34 */
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#else
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  u8 needTableCnt = 1;         /* True to count the table */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */
  int regStat4 = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat4Accum object */

  int regChng = iMem++;        /* Index of changed index field */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid argument passed to stat_push() */
#endif
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* Value for the stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
  int regPrev = iMem;          /* MUST BE LAST (see below) */

  pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, iMem);
................................................................................
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    **
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    **
    **  end_of_scan:
    */

    /* Make sure there are enough memory cells allocated to accommodate 
................................................................................
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF); 
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 

    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid,
    **    (2) the number of rows in the index,
    **
    ** The second argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+2);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol+1, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regPrev+i);
    }

    /*
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);

    /* Add the entries to the stat3 or stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34
    {
      int regEq = regStat1;
      int regLt = regStat1+1;
      int regDLt = regStat1+2;
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
................................................................................
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);


#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT34 */


    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
  }


  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
extern int sqlite3PendingByte;
#endif
#endif
void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);



int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);
void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);


/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);







<







 







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>


>







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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
extern int sqlite3PendingByte;
#endif
#endif
void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);

void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);
void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);