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Overview
Comment:Demonstration of how the parser can be augmented to recognize a PostgreSQL-style UPSERT. This check-in implements parsing only.
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SHA3-256: 9b22905b15791170998a5d1bcf42c7b60b5064f6848fff827bd55e864bf724aa
User & Date: drh 2018-04-06 19:36:49
Context
2018-04-07
15:04
More complete parsing of UPSERT, including UPSERT within a trigger. The sqlite3Insert() logic to actually perform the UPSERT is not yet implemented, however. check-in: 5cc2a5a3 user: drh tags: upsert
2018-04-06
19:36
Demonstration of how the parser can be augmented to recognize a PostgreSQL-style UPSERT. This check-in implements parsing only. check-in: 9b22905b user: drh tags: upsert
19:12
Enhance LEMON to show precendence of symbols and all rules in the report that is generated in parallel to the parser. check-in: 602fbd81 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/parse.y.

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%right ESCAPE.
%left BITAND BITOR LSHIFT RSHIFT.
%left PLUS MINUS.
%left STAR SLASH REM.
%left CONCAT.
%left COLLATE.
%right BITNOT.


// An IDENTIFIER can be a generic identifier, or one of several
// keywords.  Any non-standard keyword can also be an identifier.
//
%token_class id  ID|INDEXED.


................................................................................
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0);  /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C);/*X-overwrites-A*/}


















%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).   {N = E;}
on_opt(N) ::= .             {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
//
................................................................................
}
setlist(A) ::= LP idlist(X) RP EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(pParse, 0, X, Y);
}

////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= with(W) insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S). {
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, W, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, S, F, R);
}
cmd ::= with(W) insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) DEFAULT VALUES.
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, W, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, 0, F, R);
}




%type insert_cmd {int}
insert_cmd(A) ::= INSERT orconf(R).   {A = R;}
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}

%type idlist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor idlist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type idlist {IdList*}







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%right ESCAPE.
%left BITAND BITOR LSHIFT RSHIFT.
%left PLUS MINUS.
%left STAR SLASH REM.
%left CONCAT.
%left COLLATE.
%right BITNOT.
%nonassoc ON.

// An IDENTIFIER can be a generic identifier, or one of several
// keywords.  Any non-standard keyword can also be an identifier.
//
%token_class id  ID|INDEXED.


................................................................................
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0);  /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C);/*X-overwrites-A*/}

// There is a parsing abiguity in an upsert statement that uses a
// SELECT on the RHS of a the INSERT:
//
//      INSERT INTO tab SELECT * FROM aaa JOIN bbb ON CONFLICT ...
//                                        here ----^^
//
// When the ON token is encountered, the parser does not know if it is
// the beginning of an ON CONFLICT clause, or the beginning of an ON
// clause associated with the JOIN.  The conflict is resolved in favor
// of the JOIN.  If an ON CONFLICT clause is intended, insert a dummy
// WHERE clause in between, like this:
//
//      INSERT INTO tab SELECT * FROM aaa JOIN bbb WHERE true ON CONFLICT ...
//
// The [AND] and [OR] precedence marks in the rules for on_opt cause the
// ON in this context to always be interpreted as belonging to the JOIN.
//
%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).  {N = E;}
on_opt(N) ::= .     [OR]   {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
//
................................................................................
}
setlist(A) ::= LP idlist(X) RP EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(pParse, 0, X, Y);
}

////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= with(W) insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S) upsert. {
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, W, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, S, F, R);
}
cmd ::= with(W) insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) DEFAULT VALUES.
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, W, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, 0, F, R);
}

upsert ::= .
upsert ::= ON CONFLICT SET setlist.

%type insert_cmd {int}
insert_cmd(A) ::= INSERT orconf(R).   {A = R;}
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}

%type idlist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor idlist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type idlist {IdList*}