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Overview
Comment:Refactor the VdbeCursor object. It is now slightly smaller and faster and is easier to understand.
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SHA1: 9b1d174d862500a627840008ffac4c8419dc97e2
User & Date: drh 2015-11-20 19:22:01
Context
2015-11-21
13:24
Do not allow table-valued function syntax on ordinary tables and views as those objects are not table-valued functions. Fix for ticket [73eba7ba5c7c0fc]. Problem found by libFuzzer. check-in: ff5716b8 user: drh tags: trunk
2015-11-20
19:22
Refactor the VdbeCursor object. It is now slightly smaller and faster and is easier to understand. check-in: 9b1d174d user: drh tags: trunk
13:33
In the OP_Column opcode, only test the btree payload size for exceeding the string length limit if the payload does not fit on a single page. check-in: 35c7f6cb user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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** converts an MEM_Ephem string into a string with P.z==P.zMalloc.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
#define isSorter(x) ((x)->pSorter!=0)

/*
** Allocate VdbeCursor number iCur.  Return a pointer to it.  Return NULL
** if we run out of memory.
*/
static VdbeCursor *allocateCursor(
  Vdbe *p,              /* The virtual machine */
  int iCur,             /* Index of the new VdbeCursor */
  int nField,           /* Number of fields in the table or index */
  int iDb,              /* Database the cursor belongs to, or -1 */
  int isBtreeCursor     /* True for B-Tree.  False for pseudo-table or vtab */
){
  /* Find the memory cell that will be used to store the blob of memory
  ** required for this VdbeCursor structure. It is convenient to use a 
  ** vdbe memory cell to manage the memory allocation required for a
  ** VdbeCursor structure for the following reasons:
  **
  **   * Sometimes cursor numbers are used for a couple of different
................................................................................
  */
  Mem *pMem = &p->aMem[p->nMem-iCur];

  int nByte;
  VdbeCursor *pCx = 0;
  nByte = 
      ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor)) + 2*sizeof(u32)*nField + 
      (isBtreeCursor?sqlite3BtreeCursorSize():0);

  assert( iCur<p->nCursor );
  if( p->apCsr[iCur] ){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[iCur]);
    p->apCsr[iCur] = 0;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    p->apCsr[iCur] = pCx = (VdbeCursor*)pMem->z;
    memset(pCx, 0, sizeof(VdbeCursor));

    pCx->iDb = iDb;
    pCx->nField = nField;
    pCx->aOffset = &pCx->aType[nField];
    if( isBtreeCursor ){
      pCx->pCursor = (BtCursor*)
          &pMem->z[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor))+2*sizeof(u32)*nField];
      sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(pCx->pCursor);
    }
  }
  return pCx;
}

/*
** Try to convert a value into a numeric representation if we can
................................................................................
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  assert( pC->pVtabCursor==0 ); /* OP_Column never called on virtual table */

#endif
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 || pC->pseudoTableReg>0 ); /* pCrsr NULL on PseudoTables */
  assert( pCrsr!=0 || pC->nullRow );          /* pC->nullRow on PseudoTables */

  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr ){
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pCrsr==0 ){
        assert( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{

      assert( pCrsr );
      if( pC->isTable==0 ){
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCrsr, &payloadSize64);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK ); /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
        /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
        ** payload size, so it is impossible for payloadSize64 to be
................................................................................
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2 */
  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;


  pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr );
  nEntry = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(pCrsr, &nEntry);
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  pOut->u.i = nEntry;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    nField = pKeyInfo->nField+pKeyInfo->nXField;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( nField>=0 );
  testcase( nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  pCur->pgnoRoot = p2;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;

................................................................................
open_cursor_set_hints:
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  assert( OPFLAG_SEEKEQ==BTREE_SEEK_EQ );
  testcase( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINT
  testcase( pOp->p2 & OPFLAG_SEEKEQ );
#endif
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHintFlags(pCur->pCursor,
                               (pOp->p5 & (OPFLAG_BULKCSR|OPFLAG_SEEKEQ)));
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
................................................................................
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->isEphemeral = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBt, 1);
................................................................................
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
        assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
        pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, pgno, BTREE_WRCSR, pKeyInfo, pCx->pCursor);
      }
      pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, BTREE_WRCSR, 0, pCx->pCursor);
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

................................................................................
** key is sufficient to produce the required results.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pOp->p3, pCx);
  break;
}
................................................................................
** to P2. Regardless of whether or not the jump is taken, increment the
** the sequence value.
*/
case OP_SequenceTest: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->pSorter );
  if( (pC->seqCount++)==0 ){
    goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** the pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_OpenPseudo: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, 0);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  pCx->isTable = 1;
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
................................................................................
** first 63 columns of the table or index that are actually used
** by the cursor.  The high-order bit is set if any column after
** the 64th is used.
*/
case OP_ColumnsUsed: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  pC->maskUsed = *(u64*)pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
................................................................................
  i64 iKey;          /* The rowid we are to seek to */
  int eqOnly;        /* Only interested in == results */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  eqOnly = 0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif

  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The BTREE_SEEK_EQ flag is only set on index cursors */
    assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(pC->pCursor, BTREE_SEEK_EQ)==0 );

    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so convert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    if( (pIn3->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
      applyNumericAffinity(pIn3, 0);
................................................................................
      else if( pIn3->u.r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLE==(OP_SeekLT+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGT==(OP_SeekGE+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLT & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGE & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLT & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    pC->movetoTarget = iKey;  /* Used by OP_Delete */
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }else{
    /* For a cursor with the BTREE_SEEK_EQ hint, only the OP_SeekGE and
    ** OP_SeekLE opcodes are allowed, and these must be immediately followed
    ** by an OP_IdxGT or OP_IdxLT opcode, respectively, with the same key.
    */
    if( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(pC->pCursor, BTREE_SEEK_EQ) ){
      eqOnly = 1;
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_SeekGE || pOp->opcode==OP_SeekLE );
      assert( pOp[1].opcode==OP_IdxLT || pOp[1].opcode==OP_IdxGT );
      assert( pOp[1].p1==pOp[0].p1 );
      assert( pOp[1].p2==pOp[0].p2 );
      assert( pOp[1].p3==pOp[0].p3 );
      assert( pOp[1].p4.i==pOp[0].p4.i );
................................................................................

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    r.eqSeen = 0;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( eqOnly && r.eqSeen==0 ){
      assert( res!=0 );
      goto seek_not_found;
    }
................................................................................
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGE ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGE || oc==OP_SeekGT );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLT || oc==OP_SeekLE );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
seek_not_found:
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    goto jump_to_p2;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );

  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  pC->deferredMoveto = 1;
  break;
}
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
................................................................................
    for(ii=0; ii<pIdxKey->nField; ii++){
      if( pIdxKey->aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        takeJump = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    break;
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = 0;
#endif
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || res==0 );
  pC->movetoTarget = iKey;  /* Used by OP_Delete */
  pC->nullRow = 0;
................................................................................
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2 */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]!=0 );

  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  pOut->u.i = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->seqCount++;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: NewRowid P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................

  v = 0;
  res = 0;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );

  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  {
    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
    ** positive integer, we have to fall through to the second
................................................................................
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !pC->useRandomRowid ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      if( res ){
        v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
      }else{
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pC->pCursor) );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
        if( v>=MAX_ROWID ){
          pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
        }else{
          v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
        }
      }
................................................................................
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
      cnt = 0;
      do{
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(v), &v);
        v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); v++;  /* Ensure that v is greater than zero */
      }while(  ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)v,
                                                 0, &res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (res==0)
            && (++cnt<100));
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
................................................................................
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
................................................................................
  }
  seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    nZero = pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    nZero = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, 0, iKey,
                          pData->z, pData->n, nZero,
                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, seekResult
  );
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
................................................................................
case OP_Delete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  u8 hasUpdateCallback;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );  /* Only valid for real tables, no pseudotables */

  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );

  hasUpdateCallback = db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable;
  if( pOp->p5 && hasUpdateCallback ){
    sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &pC->movetoTarget);
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The seek operation that positioned the cursor prior to OP_Delete will
  ** have also set the pC->movetoTarget field to the rowid of the row that
  ** is being deleted */
  if( pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable && pOp->p5==0 ){
    i64 iKey = 0;
    sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &iKey);
    assert( pC->movetoTarget==iKey ); 
  }
#endif
 
  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pC->pCursor, pOp->p5);
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && hasUpdateCallback ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, pC->movetoTarget);
    assert( pC->iDb>=0 );
................................................................................

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];


  assert( isSorter(pC)==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode!=OP_RowData );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->nullRow==0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;

  /* The OP_RowKey and OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions that might invalidate
  ** the cursor.  If this where not the case, on of the following assert()s
  ** would fail.  Should this ever change (because of changes in the code
  ** generator) then the fix would be to insert a call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto().
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;

  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 || pC->nullRow );
  if( pC->nullRow ){
    pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
    break;
  }else if( pC->deferredMoveto ){
    v = pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( pC->pVtabCursor ){

    pVtab = pC->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
    pModule = pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pModule->xRowid );
    rc = pModule->xRowid(pC->pVtabCursor, &v);
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{

    assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorRestore(pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );  /* Always so because of CursorRestore() above */
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NullRow P1 * * * *
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pC->nullRow = 1;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pC->pCursor ){

    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Prev instruction for P1 
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );

  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->seekResult = pOp->p3;
................................................................................
  res = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = OP_Rewind;
#endif
  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(pC, &res);
  }else{

    pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
    assert( pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
................................................................................
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  res = pOp->p3;
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  assert( res==0 || (res==1 && pC->isTable==0) );
  testcase( res==1 );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);

................................................................................
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Rewind || pC->seekOp==OP_Found);
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Last );

  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res==0,2);
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
      zKey = pIn2->z;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );

  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.default_rc = 0;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;

  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );

  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );

  /* sqlite3VbeCursorRestore() can only fail if the record has been deleted
  ** out from under the cursor.  That will never happend for an IdxRowid
................................................................................
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );

  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResetSorter: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
 
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( pC->pSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pC->pSorter);
  }else{

    assert( pC->isEphemeral );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
................................................................................
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** P1 is a cursor number.  This opcode opens a cursor to the virtual
** table and stores that cursor in P1.
*/
case OP_VOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  pCur = 0;
  pVtabCursor = 0;
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  if( pVtab==0 || NEVER(pVtab->pModule==0) ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    break;
  }
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVtabCursor);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVtabCursor->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialize vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, 0);
    if( pCur ){
      pCur->pVtabCursor = pVtabCursor;
      pVtab->nRef++;
    }else{
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      pModule->xClose(pVtabCursor);
      goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

................................................................................
*/
case OP_VFilter: {   /* jump */
  int nArg;
  int iQuery;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pQuery;
  Mem *pArgc;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;

  pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pArgc = &pQuery[1];
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( memIsValid(pQuery) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  pVtabCursor = pCur->pVtabCursor;
  pVtab = pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
  assert( (pQuery->flags&MEM_Int)!=0 && pArgc->flags==MEM_Int );
  nArg = (int)pArgc->u.i;
  iQuery = (int)pQuery->u.i;

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  res = 0;
  apArg = p->apArg;
  for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
    apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
  }
  rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
  }
  pCur->nullRow = 0;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
case OP_VColumn: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xColumn );
  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  sContext.pOut = pDest;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &sContext, pOp->p2);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( sContext.isError ){
    rc = sContext.isError;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pDest, encoding);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int res;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;

  res = 0;
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xNext );

  /* Invoke the xNext() method of the module. There is no way for the
  ** underlying implementation to return an error if one occurs during
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }
  VdbeBranchTaken(!res,2);
  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
................................................................................
case OP_CursorHint: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_EXPR );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  if( pC ){

    sqlite3BtreeCursorHint(pC->pCursor, BTREE_HINT_RANGE, pOp->p4.pExpr, aMem);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS */

/* Opcode: Noop * * * * *
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** converts an MEM_Ephem string into a string with P.z==P.zMalloc.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
#define isSorter(x) ((x)->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER)

/*
** Allocate VdbeCursor number iCur.  Return a pointer to it.  Return NULL
** if we run out of memory.
*/
static VdbeCursor *allocateCursor(
  Vdbe *p,              /* The virtual machine */
  int iCur,             /* Index of the new VdbeCursor */
  int nField,           /* Number of fields in the table or index */
  int iDb,              /* Database the cursor belongs to, or -1 */
  u8 eCurType           /* Type of the new cursor */
){
  /* Find the memory cell that will be used to store the blob of memory
  ** required for this VdbeCursor structure. It is convenient to use a 
  ** vdbe memory cell to manage the memory allocation required for a
  ** VdbeCursor structure for the following reasons:
  **
  **   * Sometimes cursor numbers are used for a couple of different
................................................................................
  */
  Mem *pMem = &p->aMem[p->nMem-iCur];

  int nByte;
  VdbeCursor *pCx = 0;
  nByte = 
      ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor)) + 2*sizeof(u32)*nField + 
      (eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE?sqlite3BtreeCursorSize():0);

  assert( iCur<p->nCursor );
  if( p->apCsr[iCur] ){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[iCur]);
    p->apCsr[iCur] = 0;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    p->apCsr[iCur] = pCx = (VdbeCursor*)pMem->z;
    memset(pCx, 0, sizeof(VdbeCursor));
    pCx->eCurType = eCurType;
    pCx->iDb = iDb;
    pCx->nField = nField;
    pCx->aOffset = &pCx->aType[nField];
    if( eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE ){
      pCx->uc.pCursor = (BtCursor*)
          &pMem->z[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor))+2*sizeof(u32)*nField];
      sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(pCx->uc.pCursor);
    }
  }
  return pCx;
}

/*
** Try to convert a value into a numeric representation if we can
................................................................................
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;

  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB ); /* OP_Column never called on virtual table */
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_PSEUDO || pC->nullRow );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;



  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr ){
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_PSEUDO ){
        assert( pC->uc.pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->uc.pseudoTableReg];
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{
      assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
      assert( pCrsr );
      if( pC->isTable==0 ){
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCrsr, &payloadSize64);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK ); /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
        /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
        ** payload size, so it is impossible for payloadSize64 to be
................................................................................
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2 */
  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;

  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr );
  nEntry = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(pCrsr, &nEntry);
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  pOut->u.i = nEntry;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    nField = pKeyInfo->nField+pKeyInfo->nXField;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( nField>=0 );
  testcase( nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, CURTYPE_BTREE);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  pCur->pgnoRoot = p2;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->uc.pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;

................................................................................
open_cursor_set_hints:
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  assert( OPFLAG_SEEKEQ==BTREE_SEEK_EQ );
  testcase( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINT
  testcase( pOp->p2 & OPFLAG_SEEKEQ );
#endif
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHintFlags(pCur->uc.pCursor,
                               (pOp->p5 & (OPFLAG_BULKCSR|OPFLAG_SEEKEQ)));
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
................................................................................
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, CURTYPE_BTREE);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->isEphemeral = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBt, 1);
................................................................................
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
        assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
        pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, pgno, BTREE_WRCSR, pKeyInfo, pCx->uc.pCursor);
      }
      pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, BTREE_WRCSR, 0, pCx->uc.pCursor);
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

................................................................................
** key is sufficient to produce the required results.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, CURTYPE_SORTER);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pOp->p3, pCx);
  break;
}
................................................................................
** to P2. Regardless of whether or not the jump is taken, increment the
** the sequence value.
*/
case OP_SequenceTest: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  if( (pC->seqCount++)==0 ){
    goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** the pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_OpenPseudo: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, CURTYPE_PSEUDO);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->uc.pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  pCx->isTable = 1;
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
................................................................................
** first 63 columns of the table or index that are actually used
** by the cursor.  The high-order bit is set if any column after
** the 64th is used.
*/
case OP_ColumnsUsed: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pC->maskUsed = *(u64*)pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
................................................................................
  i64 iKey;          /* The rowid we are to seek to */
  int eqOnly;        /* Only interested in == results */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  eqOnly = 0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif

  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The BTREE_SEEK_EQ flag is only set on index cursors */
    assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(pC->uc.pCursor, BTREE_SEEK_EQ)==0 );

    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so convert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    if( (pIn3->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
      applyNumericAffinity(pIn3, 0);
................................................................................
      else if( pIn3->u.r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLE==(OP_SeekLT+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGT==(OP_SeekGE+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLT & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGE & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLT & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->uc.pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    pC->movetoTarget = iKey;  /* Used by OP_Delete */
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }else{
    /* For a cursor with the BTREE_SEEK_EQ hint, only the OP_SeekGE and
    ** OP_SeekLE opcodes are allowed, and these must be immediately followed
    ** by an OP_IdxGT or OP_IdxLT opcode, respectively, with the same key.
    */
    if( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(pC->uc.pCursor, BTREE_SEEK_EQ) ){
      eqOnly = 1;
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_SeekGE || pOp->opcode==OP_SeekLE );
      assert( pOp[1].opcode==OP_IdxLT || pOp[1].opcode==OP_IdxGT );
      assert( pOp[1].p1==pOp[0].p1 );
      assert( pOp[1].p2==pOp[0].p2 );
      assert( pOp[1].p3==pOp[0].p3 );
      assert( pOp[1].p4.i==pOp[0].p4.i );
................................................................................

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    r.eqSeen = 0;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->uc.pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( eqOnly && r.eqSeen==0 ){
      assert( res!=0 );
      goto seek_not_found;
    }
................................................................................
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGE ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGE || oc==OP_SeekGT );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->uc.pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLT || oc==OP_SeekLE );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->uc.pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->uc.pCursor);
    }
  }
seek_not_found:
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    goto jump_to_p2;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  pC->deferredMoveto = 1;
  break;
}
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
................................................................................
    for(ii=0; ii<pIdxKey->nField; ii++){
      if( pIdxKey->aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        takeJump = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->uc.pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    break;
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = 0;
#endif
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || res==0 );
  pC->movetoTarget = iKey;  /* Used by OP_Delete */
  pC->nullRow = 0;
................................................................................
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2 */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]!=0 );
  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB );
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  pOut->u.i = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->seqCount++;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: NewRowid P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................

  v = 0;
  res = 0;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  {
    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
    ** positive integer, we have to fall through to the second
................................................................................
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !pC->useRandomRowid ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pC->uc.pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      if( res ){
        v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
      }else{
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pC->uc.pCursor) );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->uc.pCursor, &v);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
        if( v>=MAX_ROWID ){
          pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
        }else{
          v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
        }
      }
................................................................................
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
      cnt = 0;
      do{
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(v), &v);
        v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); v++;  /* Ensure that v is greater than zero */
      }while(  ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->uc.pCursor, 0, (u64)v,
                                                 0, &res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (res==0)
            && (++cnt<100));
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
................................................................................
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
................................................................................
  }
  seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    nZero = pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    nZero = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->uc.pCursor, 0, iKey,
                          pData->z, pData->n, nZero,
                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, seekResult
  );
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
................................................................................
case OP_Delete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  u8 hasUpdateCallback;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );

  hasUpdateCallback = db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable;
  if( pOp->p5 && hasUpdateCallback ){
    sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->uc.pCursor, &pC->movetoTarget);
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The seek operation that positioned the cursor prior to OP_Delete will
  ** have also set the pC->movetoTarget field to the rowid of the row that
  ** is being deleted */
  if( pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable && pOp->p5==0 ){
    i64 iKey = 0;
    sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->uc.pCursor, &iKey);
    assert( pC->movetoTarget==iKey ); 
  }
#endif
 
  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pC->uc.pCursor, pOp->p5);
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && hasUpdateCallback ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, pC->movetoTarget);
    assert( pC->iDb>=0 );
................................................................................

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode!=OP_RowData );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );

  assert( pC->nullRow==0 );

  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;

  /* The OP_RowKey and OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions that might invalidate
  ** the cursor.  If this where not the case, on of the following assert()s
  ** would fail.  Should this ever change (because of changes in the code
  ** generator) then the fix would be to insert a call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto().
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;

  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_PSEUDO || pC->nullRow );
  if( pC->nullRow ){
    pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
    break;
  }else if( pC->deferredMoveto ){
    v = pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB ){
    assert( pC->uc.pVCur!=0 );
    pVtab = pC->uc.pVCur->pVtab;
    pModule = pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pModule->xRowid );
    rc = pModule->xRowid(pC->uc.pVCur, &v);
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{
    assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
    assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorRestore(pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->uc.pCursor, &v);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );  /* Always so because of CursorRestore() above */
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NullRow P1 * * * *
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pC->nullRow = 1;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE ){
    assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pC->uc.pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Prev instruction for P1 
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->seekResult = pOp->p3;
................................................................................
  res = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = OP_Rewind;
#endif
  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(pC, &res);
  }else{
    assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
    pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
    assert( pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
................................................................................
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  res = pOp->p3;
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( res==0 || (res==1 && pC->isTable==0) );
  testcase( res==1 );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);

................................................................................
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Rewind || pC->seekOp==OP_Found);
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Last );

  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->uc.pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res==0,2);
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE || pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
      zKey = pIn2->z;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->uc.pCursor, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.default_rc = 0;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;

  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );

  /* sqlite3VbeCursorRestore() can only fail if the record has been deleted
  ** out from under the cursor.  That will never happend for an IdxRowid
................................................................................
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResetSorter: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
 
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pC->uc.pSorter);
  }else{
    assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
    assert( pC->isEphemeral );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(pC->uc.pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
................................................................................
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** P1 is a cursor number.  This opcode opens a cursor to the virtual
** table and stores that cursor in P1.
*/
case OP_VOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVCur;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  pCur = 0;
  pVCur = 0;
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  if( pVtab==0 || NEVER(pVtab->pModule==0) ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    break;
  }
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVCur);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVCur->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialize vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, CURTYPE_VTAB);
    if( pCur ){
      pCur->uc.pVCur = pVCur;
      pVtab->nRef++;
    }else{
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      pModule->xClose(pVCur);
      goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

................................................................................
*/
case OP_VFilter: {   /* jump */
  int nArg;
  int iQuery;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pQuery;
  Mem *pArgc;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVCur;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;

  pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pArgc = &pQuery[1];
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( memIsValid(pQuery) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB );
  pVCur = pCur->uc.pVCur;
  pVtab = pVCur->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
  assert( (pQuery->flags&MEM_Int)!=0 && pArgc->flags==MEM_Int );
  nArg = (int)pArgc->u.i;
  iQuery = (int)pQuery->u.i;

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  res = 0;
  apArg = p->apArg;
  for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
    apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
  }
  rc = pModule->xFilter(pVCur, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pVCur);
  }
  pCur->nullRow = 0;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
case OP_VColumn: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->uc.pVCur->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xColumn );
  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  sContext.pOut = pDest;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->uc.pVCur, &sContext, pOp->p2);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( sContext.isError ){
    rc = sContext.isError;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pDest, encoding);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int res;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;

  res = 0;
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB );
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->uc.pVCur->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xNext );

  /* Invoke the xNext() method of the module. There is no way for the
  ** underlying implementation to return an error if one occurs during
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->uc.pVCur);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->uc.pVCur);
  }
  VdbeBranchTaken(!res,2);
  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
................................................................................
case OP_CursorHint: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_EXPR );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  if( pC ){
    assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
    sqlite3BtreeCursorHint(pC->uc.pCursor, BTREE_HINT_RANGE, pOp->p4.pExpr, aMem);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS */

/* Opcode: Noop * * * * *
**

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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/* Opaque type used by the explainer */
typedef struct Explain Explain;

/* Elements of the linked list at Vdbe.pAuxData */
typedef struct AuxData AuxData;







/*
** A cursor is a pointer into a single BTree within a database file.
** The cursor can seek to a BTree entry with a particular key, or
** loop over all entries of the Btree.  You can also insert new BTree
** entries or retrieve the key or data from the entry that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.

**
** Cursors can also point to virtual tables, sorters, or "pseudo-tables".
** A pseudo-table is a single-row table implemented by registers.
** 
** Every cursor that the virtual machine has open is represented by an
** instance of the following structure.



*/
struct VdbeCursor {
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* The cursor structure of the backend */
  Btree *pBt;           /* Separate file holding temporary table */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;    /* Info about index keys needed by index cursors */
  int seekResult;       /* Result of previous sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  int pseudoTableReg;   /* Register holding pseudotable content. */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 seekOp;            /* Most recent seek operation on this cursor */
#endif
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool isEphemeral:1;   /* True for an ephemeral table */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */




  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */






  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
  u64 maskUsed;         /* Mask of columns used by this cursor */
#endif

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of







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/* Opaque type used by the explainer */
typedef struct Explain Explain;

/* Elements of the linked list at Vdbe.pAuxData */
typedef struct AuxData AuxData;

/* Types of VDBE cursors */
#define CURTYPE_BTREE       0
#define CURTYPE_SORTER      1
#define CURTYPE_VTAB        2
#define CURTYPE_PSEUDO      3

/*





** A VdbeCursor is an superclass (a wrapper) for various cursor objects:
**


**      * A b-tree cursor
**          -  In the main database or in an ephemeral database
**          -  On either an index or a table
**      * A sorter
**      * A virtual table
**      * A one-row "pseudotable" stored in a single register
*/
struct VdbeCursor {



  u8 eCurType;          /* One of the CURTYPE_* values above */
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  u8 isTable;           /* True for rowid tables.  False for indexes */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 seekOp;            /* Most recent seek operation on this cursor */
#endif



  Bool isEphemeral:1;   /* True for an ephemeral table */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */

  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */
  union {
    BtCursor *pCursor;          /* CURTYPE_BTREE.  Btree cursor */
    sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVCur; /* CURTYPE_VTAB.   Vtab cursor */
    int pseudoTableReg;         /* CURTYPE_PSEUDO. Reg holding content. */
    VdbeSorter *pSorter;        /* CURTYPE_SORTER. Sorter object */
  } uc;
  Btree *pBt;           /* Separate file holding temporary table */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;    /* Info about index keys needed by index cursors */
  int seekResult;       /* Result of previous sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
  u64 maskUsed;         /* Mask of columns used by this cursor */
#endif

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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** Close a VDBE cursor and release all the resources that cursor 
** happens to hold.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(Vdbe *p, VdbeCursor *pCx){
  if( pCx==0 ){
    return;
  }



  sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(p->db, pCx);



  if( pCx->pBt ){
    sqlite3BtreeClose(pCx->pBt);
    /* The pCx->pCursor will be close automatically, if it exists, by
    ** the call above. */
  }else if( pCx->pCursor ){


    sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pCx->pCursor);
  }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  else if( pCx->pVtabCursor ){

    sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor = pCx->pVtabCursor;
    const sqlite3_module *pModule = pVtabCursor->pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pVtabCursor->pVtab->nRef>0 );
    pVtabCursor->pVtab->nRef--;
    pModule->xClose(pVtabCursor);

  }
#endif

}

/*
** Close all cursors in the current frame.
*/
static void closeCursorsInFrame(Vdbe *p){
  if( p->apCsr ){
................................................................................
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE handleDeferredMoveto(VdbeCursor *p){
  int res, rc;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  extern int sqlite3_search_count;
#endif
  assert( p->deferredMoveto );
  assert( p->isTable );

  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(p->pCursor, 0, p->movetoTarget, 0, &res);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( res!=0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  p->deferredMoveto = 0;
  p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
** pointed to was deleted out from under it.  Or maybe the btree was
** rebalanced.  Whatever the cause, try to restore "p" to the place it
** is supposed to be pointing.  If the row was deleted out from under the
** cursor, set the cursor to point to a NULL row.
*/
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE handleMovedCursor(VdbeCursor *p){
  int isDifferentRow, rc;

  assert( p->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->pCursor) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursorRestore(p->pCursor, &isDifferentRow);
  p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( isDifferentRow ) p->nullRow = 1;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Check to ensure that the cursor is valid.  Restore the cursor
** if need be.  Return any I/O error from the restore operation.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeCursorRestore(VdbeCursor *p){

  if( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->pCursor) ){
    return handleMovedCursor(p);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make sure the cursor p is ready to read or write the row to which it
................................................................................
** deleted out from under the cursor and if it has, mark the row as
** a NULL row.
**
** If the cursor is already pointing to the correct row and that row has
** not been deleted out from under the cursor, then this routine is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(VdbeCursor *p){

  if( p->deferredMoveto ){
    return handleDeferredMoveto(p);
  }
  if( p->pCursor && sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->pCursor) ){
    return handleMovedCursor(p);

  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The following functions:
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,                     /* Database connection */
  VdbeCursor *pC,                  /* The cursor to compare against */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked,       /* Unpacked version of key */
  int *res                         /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;



  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}







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2955
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2961
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2990
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2996
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3002
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3006
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4344
** Close a VDBE cursor and release all the resources that cursor 
** happens to hold.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(Vdbe *p, VdbeCursor *pCx){
  if( pCx==0 ){
    return;
  }
  assert( pCx->pBt==0 || pCx->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  switch( pCx->eCurType ){
    case CURTYPE_SORTER: {
      sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(p->db, pCx);
      break;
    }
    case CURTYPE_BTREE: {
      if( pCx->pBt ){
        sqlite3BtreeClose(pCx->pBt);
        /* The pCx->pCursor will be close automatically, if it exists, by
        ** the call above. */

      }else{
        assert( pCx->uc.pCursor!=0 );
        sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pCx->uc.pCursor);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

    case CURTYPE_VTAB: {
      sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVCur = pCx->uc.pVCur;
      const sqlite3_module *pModule = pVCur->pVtab->pModule;
      assert( pVCur->pVtab->nRef>0 );
      pVCur->pVtab->nRef--;
      pModule->xClose(pVCur);
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** Close all cursors in the current frame.
*/
static void closeCursorsInFrame(Vdbe *p){
  if( p->apCsr ){
................................................................................
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE handleDeferredMoveto(VdbeCursor *p){
  int res, rc;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  extern int sqlite3_search_count;
#endif
  assert( p->deferredMoveto );
  assert( p->isTable );
  assert( p->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(p->uc.pCursor, 0, p->movetoTarget, 0, &res);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( res!=0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  p->deferredMoveto = 0;
  p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
** pointed to was deleted out from under it.  Or maybe the btree was
** rebalanced.  Whatever the cause, try to restore "p" to the place it
** is supposed to be pointing.  If the row was deleted out from under the
** cursor, set the cursor to point to a NULL row.
*/
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE handleMovedCursor(VdbeCursor *p){
  int isDifferentRow, rc;
  assert( p->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( p->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->uc.pCursor) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursorRestore(p->uc.pCursor, &isDifferentRow);
  p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( isDifferentRow ) p->nullRow = 1;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Check to ensure that the cursor is valid.  Restore the cursor
** if need be.  Return any I/O error from the restore operation.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeCursorRestore(VdbeCursor *p){
  assert( p->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  if( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->uc.pCursor) ){
    return handleMovedCursor(p);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make sure the cursor p is ready to read or write the row to which it
................................................................................
** deleted out from under the cursor and if it has, mark the row as
** a NULL row.
**
** If the cursor is already pointing to the correct row and that row has
** not been deleted out from under the cursor, then this routine is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(VdbeCursor *p){
  if( p->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE ){
    if( p->deferredMoveto ){
      return handleDeferredMoveto(p);
    }
    if( sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->uc.pCursor) ){
      return handleMovedCursor(p);
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The following functions:
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,                     /* Database connection */
  VdbeCursor *pC,                  /* The cursor to compare against */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked,       /* Unpacked version of key */
  int *res                         /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur;
  Mem m;

  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCur = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to src/vdbeblob.c.

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86
      );
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      p->iOffset = pC->aType[p->iCol + pC->nField];
      p->nByte = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(type);
      p->pCsr =  pC->pCursor;
      sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(p->pCsr);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( p->pStmt ){







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      );
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      p->iOffset = pC->aType[p->iCol + pC->nField];
      p->nByte = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(type);
      p->pCsr =  pC->uc.pCursor;
      sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(p->pCsr);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( p->pStmt ){

Changes to src/vdbesort.c.

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#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>=SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT
  if( nWorker>=SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT ){
    nWorker = SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT-1;
  }
#endif

  assert( pCsr->pKeyInfo && pCsr->pBt==0 );

  szKeyInfo = sizeof(KeyInfo) + (pCsr->pKeyInfo->nField-1)*sizeof(CollSeq*);
  sz = sizeof(VdbeSorter) + nWorker * sizeof(SortSubtask);

  pSorter = (VdbeSorter*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sz + szKeyInfo);
  pCsr->pSorter = pSorter;
  if( pSorter==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    pSorter->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo = (KeyInfo*)((u8*)pSorter + sz);
    memcpy(pKeyInfo, pCsr->pKeyInfo, szKeyInfo);
    pKeyInfo->db = 0;
    if( nField && nWorker==0 ){
................................................................................
  pSorter->pUnpacked = 0;
}

/*
** Free any cursor components allocated by sqlite3VdbeSorterXXX routines.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *db, VdbeCursor *pCsr){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;


  if( pSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pSorter);
    sqlite3_free(pSorter->list.aMemory);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter);
    pCsr->pSorter = 0;
  }
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** The first argument is a file-handle open on a temporary file. The file
** is guaranteed to be nByte bytes or smaller in size. This function
................................................................................
/*
** Add a record to the sorter.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal                       /* Memory cell containing record */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  SorterRecord *pNew;             /* New list element */

  int bFlush;                     /* True to flush contents of memory to PMA */
  int nReq;                       /* Bytes of memory required */
  int nPMA;                       /* Bytes of PMA space required */
  int t;                          /* serial type of first record field */



  getVarint32((const u8*)&pVal->z[1], t);
  if( t>0 && t<10 && t!=7 ){
    pSorter->typeMask &= SORTER_TYPE_INTEGER;
  }else if( t>10 && (t & 0x01) ){
    pSorter->typeMask &= SORTER_TYPE_TEXT;
  }else{
    pSorter->typeMask = 0;
................................................................................

/*
** Once the sorter has been populated by calls to sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite,
** this function is called to prepare for iterating through the records
** in sorted order.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */



  assert( pSorter );

  /* If no data has been written to disk, then do not do so now. Instead,
  ** sort the VdbeSorter.pRecord list. The vdbe layer will read data directly
  ** from the in-memory list.  */
  if( pSorter->bUsePMA==0 ){
    if( pSorter->list.pList ){
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Advance to the next element in the sorter.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *db, const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */



  assert( pSorter->bUsePMA || (pSorter->pReader==0 && pSorter->pMerger==0) );
  if( pSorter->bUsePMA ){
    assert( pSorter->pReader==0 || pSorter->pMerger==0 );
    assert( pSorter->bUseThreads==0 || pSorter->pReader );
    assert( pSorter->bUseThreads==1 || pSorter->pMerger );
#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0
    if( pSorter->bUseThreads ){
................................................................................
  return pKey;
}

/*
** Copy the current sorter key into the memory cell pOut.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *pCsr, Mem *pOut){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to copy into pOut */



  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pOut, nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pOut->n = nKey;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);
  memcpy(pOut->z, pKey, nKey);
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */
  int nKeyCol,                    /* Compare this many columns */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  int i;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */





  if( r2==0 ){
    char *p;
    r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(pKeyInfo,0,0,&p);
    assert( pSorter->pUnpacked==(UnpackedRecord*)p );
    if( r2==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    r2->nField = nKeyCol;
  }







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#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>=SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT
  if( nWorker>=SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT ){
    nWorker = SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT-1;
  }
#endif

  assert( pCsr->pKeyInfo && pCsr->pBt==0 );
  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  szKeyInfo = sizeof(KeyInfo) + (pCsr->pKeyInfo->nField-1)*sizeof(CollSeq*);
  sz = sizeof(VdbeSorter) + nWorker * sizeof(SortSubtask);

  pSorter = (VdbeSorter*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sz + szKeyInfo);
  pCsr->uc.pSorter = pSorter;
  if( pSorter==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    pSorter->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo = (KeyInfo*)((u8*)pSorter + sz);
    memcpy(pKeyInfo, pCsr->pKeyInfo, szKeyInfo);
    pKeyInfo->db = 0;
    if( nField && nWorker==0 ){
................................................................................
  pSorter->pUnpacked = 0;
}

/*
** Free any cursor components allocated by sqlite3VdbeSorterXXX routines.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *db, VdbeCursor *pCsr){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  if( pSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pSorter);
    sqlite3_free(pSorter->list.aMemory);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter);
    pCsr->uc.pSorter = 0;
  }
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** The first argument is a file-handle open on a temporary file. The file
** is guaranteed to be nByte bytes or smaller in size. This function
................................................................................
/*
** Add a record to the sorter.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal                       /* Memory cell containing record */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  SorterRecord *pNew;             /* New list element */

  int bFlush;                     /* True to flush contents of memory to PMA */
  int nReq;                       /* Bytes of memory required */
  int nPMA;                       /* Bytes of PMA space required */
  int t;                          /* serial type of first record field */

  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  getVarint32((const u8*)&pVal->z[1], t);
  if( t>0 && t<10 && t!=7 ){
    pSorter->typeMask &= SORTER_TYPE_INTEGER;
  }else if( t>10 && (t & 0x01) ){
    pSorter->typeMask &= SORTER_TYPE_TEXT;
  }else{
    pSorter->typeMask = 0;
................................................................................

/*
** Once the sorter has been populated by calls to sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite,
** this function is called to prepare for iterating through the records
** in sorted order.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  assert( pSorter );

  /* If no data has been written to disk, then do not do so now. Instead,
  ** sort the VdbeSorter.pRecord list. The vdbe layer will read data directly
  ** from the in-memory list.  */
  if( pSorter->bUsePMA==0 ){
    if( pSorter->list.pList ){
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Advance to the next element in the sorter.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *db, const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  assert( pSorter->bUsePMA || (pSorter->pReader==0 && pSorter->pMerger==0) );
  if( pSorter->bUsePMA ){
    assert( pSorter->pReader==0 || pSorter->pMerger==0 );
    assert( pSorter->bUseThreads==0 || pSorter->pReader );
    assert( pSorter->bUseThreads==1 || pSorter->pMerger );
#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0
    if( pSorter->bUseThreads ){
................................................................................
  return pKey;
}

/*
** Copy the current sorter key into the memory cell pOut.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *pCsr, Mem *pOut){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to copy into pOut */

  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pOut, nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pOut->n = nKey;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);
  memcpy(pOut->z, pKey, nKey);
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */
  int nKeyCol,                    /* Compare this many columns */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int i;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */

  assert( pCsr->eCurType==CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pSorter = pCsr->uc.pSorter;
  r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  if( r2==0 ){
    char *p;
    r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(pKeyInfo,0,0,&p);
    assert( pSorter->pUnpacked==(UnpackedRecord*)p );
    if( r2==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    r2->nField = nKeyCol;
  }