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Overview
Comment:Add the experimental snapshot interface. Because it is experimental, it is subject to change or removal at a later date.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:9b124a5a310aec0145495c9980bc0c1308fcca02
User & Date: drh 2015-12-11 12:44:52
Context
2015-12-11
13:51
Simplified alignment constraints in the memory reuse logic of sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(). check-in: e998513e user: drh tags: trunk
12:53
Merge recent trunk enhancements, and in particular the snapshot interface. check-in: 7e7b2406 user: drh tags: apple-osx
12:44
Add the experimental snapshot interface. Because it is experimental, it is subject to change or removal at a later date. check-in: 9b124a5a user: drh tags: trunk
04:11
Fix a memory allocation bug introduced last week by check-in [a9e819082ba]. The bug only appears on systems where the size of a structure is not always a multiple of 8 - which in practice means only on 32-bit windows systems. check-in: 96d3e99f user: drh tags: trunk
03:27
Mention that the snapshot interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT. Closed-Leaf check-in: 843c15a5 user: drh tags: snapshot-get
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/main.c.

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    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return -1;
  }
#endif
  pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(pBt) : -1;
}


























































































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    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return -1;
  }
#endif
  pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(pBt) : -1;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Obtain a snapshot handle for the snapshot of database zDb currently 
** being read by handle db.
*/
int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int iDb;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), ppSnapshot);
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Open a read-transaction on the snapshot idendified by pSnapshot.
*/
int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb, 
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
    int iDb;
    iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
    if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
      if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), pSnapshot);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
          sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free a snapshot handle obtained from sqlite3_snapshot_get().
*/
void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  sqlite3_free(pSnapshot);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

Changes to src/pager.c.

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      pPager->pWal = 0;
      pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}





























#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** A read-lock must be held on the pager when this function is called. If
** the pager is in WAL mode and the WAL file currently contains one or more
** frames, return the size in bytes of the page images stored within the







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      pPager->pWal = 0;
      pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** If this is a WAL database, obtain a snapshot handle for the snapshot
** currently open. Otherwise, return an error.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(pPager->pWal, ppSnapshot);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If this is a WAL database, store a pointer to pSnapshot. Next time a
** read transaction is opened, attempt to read from the snapshot it 
** identifies. If this is not a WAL database, return an error.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(pPager->pWal, pSnapshot);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** A read-lock must be held on the pager when this function is called. If
** the pager is in WAL mode and the WAL file currently contains one or more
** frames, return the size in bytes of the page images stored within the

Changes to src/pager.h.

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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager);




#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
  int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
#endif

/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */







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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager);
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
# endif
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
  int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
#endif

/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
** memory allocation fails.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL sqlite3_value *sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
................................................................................
** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
*/
void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
**
** If a write-transaction is open when this function is called, any dirty

** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out 
** to disk. A dirty page may be in use if a database cursor created by an
** active SQL statement is reading from it, or if it is page 1 of a database
** file (page 1 is always "in use"). Dirty pages are flushed for all
** databases - "main", "temp" and any attached databases.

**
** If this function needs to obtain extra database locks before dirty pages 
** can be flushed to disk, it does so. If said locks cannot be obtained 
** immediately and there is a busy-handler callback configured, it is invoked
** in the usual manner. If the required lock still cannot be obtained, then
** the database is skipped and an attempt made to flush any dirty pages
** belonging to the next (if any) database. If any databases are skipped
** because locks cannot be obtained, but no other error occurs, this
** function returns SQLITE_BUSY.
**
** If any other error occurs while flushing dirty pages to disk (for
** example an IO error or out-of-memory condition), then processing is
** abandoned and an SQLite error code returned to the caller immediately.
**
** Otherwise, if no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** This function does not set the database handle error code or message
** returned by the sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions.
*/
int sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);





























































































/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */







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** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
** memory allocation fails.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
*/
sqlite3_value *sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
void sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
................................................................................
** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
*/
void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
**
** ^If a write-transaction is open on [database connection] D when the
** [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)] interface invoked, any dirty
** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out 
** to disk. A dirty page may be in use if a database cursor created by an
** active SQL statement is reading from it, or if it is page 1 of a database
** file (page 1 is always "in use").  ^The [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)]
** interface flushes caches for all schemas - "main", "temp", and
** any [attached] databases.
**
** ^If this function needs to obtain extra database locks before dirty pages 
** can be flushed to disk, it does so. ^If those locks cannot be obtained 
** immediately and there is a busy-handler callback configured, it is invoked
** in the usual manner. ^If the required lock still cannot be obtained, then
** the database is skipped and an attempt made to flush any dirty pages
** belonging to the next (if any) database. ^If any databases are skipped
** because locks cannot be obtained, but no other error occurs, this
** function returns SQLITE_BUSY.
**
** ^If any other error occurs while flushing dirty pages to disk (for
** example an IO error or out-of-memory condition), then processing is
** abandoned and an SQLite [error code] is returned to the caller immediately.
**
** ^Otherwise, if no error occurs, [sqlite3_db_cacheflush()] returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** ^This function does not set the database handle error code or message
** returned by the [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] functions.
*/
int sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
** of the database file.  When a [database connection] begins a read
** transaction, that connection sees an unchanging copy of the database
** as it existed for the point in time when the transaction first started.
** Subsequent changes to the database from other connections are not seen
** by the reader until a new read transaction is started.
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot object records state information about an historical
** version of the database file so that it is possible to later open a new read
** transaction that sees that historical version of the database rather than
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] interface attempts to move the
** read transaction that is currently open on schema S of
** [database connection] D so that it refers to historical [snapshot] P.
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface returns SQLITE_OK on success
** or an appropriate [error code] if it fails.
**
** ^In order to succeed, a call to [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] must be
** the first operation, apart from other sqlite3_snapshot_open() calls,
** following the [BEGIN] that starts a new read transaction.
** ^A [snapshot] will fail to open if it has been overwritten by a 
** [checkpoint].  
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */

Changes to src/test1.c.

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    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(pVfs, &t);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewWideIntObj(t));
  return TCL_OK;
}

























































































/*
** Usage:  sqlite3_next_stmt  DB  STMT
**
** Return the next statment in sequence after STMT.
*/
static int test_next_stmt(
  void * clientData,
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus",       test_stmt_scanstatus,   0 },
     { "sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset", test_stmt_scanstatus_reset,   0 },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
     { "sqlite3_config_sqllog",         test_config_sqllog,   0 },
#endif
     { "vfs_current_time_int64",           vfsCurrentTimeInt64,   0 },





  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  static int longdouble_size = sizeof(LONGDOUBLE_TYPE);
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;







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    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(pVfs, &t);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewWideIntObj(t));
  return TCL_OK;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Usage: sqlite3_snapshot_get DB DBNAME
*/
static int test_snapshot_get(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db;
  char *zName;
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot = 0;

  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB DBNAME");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  zName = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);

  rc = sqlite3_snapshot_get(db, zName, &pSnapshot);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3ErrName(rc), -1));
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }else{
    char zBuf[100];
    if( sqlite3TestMakePointerStr(interp, zBuf, pSnapshot) ) return TCL_ERROR;
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(zBuf, -1));
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Usage: sqlite3_snapshot_open DB DBNAME SNAPSHOT
*/
static int test_snapshot_open(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db;
  char *zName;
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot;

  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB DBNAME SNAPSHOT");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  zName = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
  pSnapshot = (sqlite3_snapshot*)sqlite3TestTextToPtr(Tcl_GetString(objv[3]));

  rc = sqlite3_snapshot_open(db, zName, pSnapshot);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3ErrName(rc), -1));
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Usage: sqlite3_snapshot_free SNAPSHOT
*/
static int test_snapshot_free(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot;
  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SNAPSHOT");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pSnapshot = (sqlite3_snapshot*)sqlite3TestTextToPtr(Tcl_GetString(objv[1]));
  sqlite3_snapshot_free(pSnapshot);
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

/*
** Usage:  sqlite3_next_stmt  DB  STMT
**
** Return the next statment in sequence after STMT.
*/
static int test_next_stmt(
  void * clientData,
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus",       test_stmt_scanstatus,   0 },
     { "sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset", test_stmt_scanstatus_reset,   0 },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
     { "sqlite3_config_sqllog",         test_config_sqllog,   0 },
#endif
     { "vfs_current_time_int64",           vfsCurrentTimeInt64,   0 },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_get", test_snapshot_get, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_open", test_snapshot_open, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_free", test_snapshot_free, 0 },
#endif
  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  static int longdouble_size = sizeof(LONGDOUBLE_TYPE);
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;

Changes to src/test_config.c.

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#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mem5", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mem5", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif







#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mutex", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mutex", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif








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#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mem5", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mem5", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "snapshot", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "snapshot", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mutex", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mutex", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

Changes to src/wal.c.

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** returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
#define WAL_MAX_VERSION      3007000
#define WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION 3007000

/*
** Indices of various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.

*/
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)
................................................................................
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


/*
** The following object holds a copy of the wal-index header content.
**
** The actual header in the wal-index consists of two copies of this
** object.



**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  
*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
................................................................................
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
** database "backfilling".)  The nBackfill number is never greater than
** WalIndexHdr.mxFrame.  nBackfill can only be increased by threads
** holding the WAL_CKPT_LOCK lock (which includes a recovery thread).
** However, a WAL_WRITE_LOCK thread can move the value of nBackfill from
** mxFrame back to zero when the WAL is reset.










**
** There is one entry in aReadMark[] for each reader lock.  If a reader
** holds read-lock K, then the value in aReadMark[K] is no greater than
** the mxFrame for that reader.  The value READMARK_NOT_USED (0xffffffff)
** for any aReadMark[] means that entry is unused.  aReadMark[0] is 
** a special case; its value is never used and it exists as a place-holder
** to avoid having to offset aReadMark[] indexs by one.  Readers holding
................................................................................
**
** We assume that 32-bit loads are atomic and so no locks are needed in
** order to read from any aReadMark[] entries.
*/
struct WalCkptInfo {
  u32 nBackfill;                  /* Number of WAL frames backfilled into DB */
  u32 aReadMark[WAL_NREADER];     /* Reader marks */



};
#define READMARK_NOT_USED  0xffffffff


/* A block of WALINDEX_LOCK_RESERVED bytes beginning at
** WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET is reserved for locks. Since some systems
** only support mandatory file-locks, we do not read or write data
** from the region of the file on which locks are applied.
*/
#define WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET   (sizeof(WalIndexHdr)*2 + sizeof(WalCkptInfo))
#define WALINDEX_LOCK_RESERVED 16
#define WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE      (WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET+WALINDEX_LOCK_RESERVED)

/* Size of header before each frame in wal */
#define WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE 24

/* Size of write ahead log header, including checksum. */
/* #define WAL_HDRSIZE 24 */
#define WAL_HDRSIZE 32
................................................................................
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif



};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
*/
#define WAL_NORMAL_MODE     0
#define WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE  1     
................................................................................

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;

    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;

    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
................................................................................

  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.


  */


#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif

................................................................................
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */
  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  pInfo->nBackfill = 0;

  pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
  for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
  assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );
}

/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
................................................................................
    }

    if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
     && (rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    ){
      i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;



      /* Sync the WAL to disk */
      if( sync_flags ){
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, sync_flags);
      }

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
................................................................................
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */
  u32 mxReadMark;                 /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
  int mxI;                        /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */


  assert( pWal->readLock<0 );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
  ** instances of time.  No I/O or other system calls are done while the
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( !useWal && pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){





    /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
    ** and can be safely ignored.
    */
    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
................................................................................
  /* If we get this far, it means that the reader will want to use
  ** the WAL to get at content from recent commits.  The job now is
  ** to select one of the aReadMark[] entries that is closest to
  ** but not exceeding pWal->hdr.mxFrame and lock that entry.
  */
  mxReadMark = 0;
  mxI = 0;






  for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
    u32 thisMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i];
    if( mxReadMark<=thisMark && thisMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
      mxReadMark = thisMark;
      mxI = i;
    }
  }
  /* There was once an "if" here. The extra "{" is to preserve indentation. */
  {
    if( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0
     && (mxReadMark<pWal->hdr.mxFrame || mxI==0)
    ){
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          mxReadMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
          mxI = i;
          walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          break;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }
    if( mxI==0 ){
      assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)!=0 );
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK;
    }

    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    if( rc ){
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
    }
    /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
    ** value in the aReadMark[] array or the contents of the wal-index
    ** header have changed.
    **
    ** It is necessary to check that the wal-index header did not change
    ** between the time it was read and when the shared-lock was obtained
    ** on WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI) was obtained to account for the possibility
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
    ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
    ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
    ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
    ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
    **
    ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
    ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
    ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
    ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
    ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
    ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
    ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
    ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
    ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
    ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
    ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
    ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
    ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
    */
    pWal->minFrame = pInfo->nBackfill+1;
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
      assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Begin a read transaction on the database.
**
................................................................................
** Pager layer will use this to know that is cache is stale and
** needs to be flushed.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int cnt = 0;                    /* Number of TryBeginRead attempts */









  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );



























































  return rc;
}

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
................................................................................
** heap-memory for the wal-index. Otherwise, if the argument is NULL or the
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal){
  return (pWal && pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE );
}






























#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** If the argument is not NULL, it points to a Wal object that holds a
** read-lock. This function returns the database page-size if it is known,
** or zero if it is not (or if pWal is NULL).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal){
  assert( pWal==0 || pWal->readLock>=0 );
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */







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** returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/
#define WAL_MAX_VERSION      3007000
#define WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION 3007000

/*
** Indices of various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.  The default
** is SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK==8 and  WAL_NREADER==5.
*/
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)
................................................................................
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


/*
** The following object holds a copy of the wal-index header content.
**
** The actual header in the wal-index consists of two copies of this
** object followed by one instance of the WalCkptInfo object.
** For all versions of SQLite through 3.10.0 and probably beyond,
** the locking bytes (WalCkptInfo.aLock) start at offset 120 and
** the total header size is 136 bytes.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  
*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
................................................................................
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
** database "backfilling".)  The nBackfill number is never greater than
** WalIndexHdr.mxFrame.  nBackfill can only be increased by threads
** holding the WAL_CKPT_LOCK lock (which includes a recovery thread).
** However, a WAL_WRITE_LOCK thread can move the value of nBackfill from
** mxFrame back to zero when the WAL is reset.
**
** nBackfillAttempted is the largest value of nBackfill that a checkpoint
** has attempted to achieve.  Normally nBackfill==nBackfillAtempted, however
** the nBackfillAttempted is set before any backfilling is done and the
** nBackfill is only set after all backfilling completes.  So if a checkpoint
** crashes, nBackfillAttempted might be larger than nBackfill.  The
** WalIndexHdr.mxFrame must never be less than nBackfillAttempted.
**
** The aLock[] field is a set of bytes used for locking.  These bytes should
** never be read or written.
**
** There is one entry in aReadMark[] for each reader lock.  If a reader
** holds read-lock K, then the value in aReadMark[K] is no greater than
** the mxFrame for that reader.  The value READMARK_NOT_USED (0xffffffff)
** for any aReadMark[] means that entry is unused.  aReadMark[0] is 
** a special case; its value is never used and it exists as a place-holder
** to avoid having to offset aReadMark[] indexs by one.  Readers holding
................................................................................
**
** We assume that 32-bit loads are atomic and so no locks are needed in
** order to read from any aReadMark[] entries.
*/
struct WalCkptInfo {
  u32 nBackfill;                  /* Number of WAL frames backfilled into DB */
  u32 aReadMark[WAL_NREADER];     /* Reader marks */
  u8 aLock[SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK];     /* Reserved space for locks */
  u32 nBackfillAttempted;         /* WAL frames perhaps written, or maybe not */
  u32 notUsed0;                   /* Available for future enhancements */
};
#define READMARK_NOT_USED  0xffffffff


/* A block of WALINDEX_LOCK_RESERVED bytes beginning at
** WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET is reserved for locks. Since some systems
** only support mandatory file-locks, we do not read or write data
** from the region of the file on which locks are applied.
*/

#define WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET (sizeof(WalIndexHdr)*2+offsetof(WalCkptInfo,aLock))
#define WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE    (sizeof(WalIndexHdr)*2+sizeof(WalCkptInfo))

/* Size of header before each frame in wal */
#define WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE 24

/* Size of write ahead log header, including checksum. */
/* #define WAL_HDRSIZE 24 */
#define WAL_HDRSIZE 32
................................................................................
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot;    /* Start transaction here if not NULL */
#endif
};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
*/
#define WAL_NORMAL_MODE     0
#define WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE  1     
................................................................................

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
    pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;

    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
................................................................................

  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.
  ** For that matter, if the lock offset ever changes from its initial design
  ** value of 120, we need to know that so there is an assert() to check it.
  */
  assert( 120==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
  assert( 136==WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE );
#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif

................................................................................
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */
  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
  pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = 0;
  pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
  for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
  assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );
}

/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
................................................................................
    }

    if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
     && (rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    ){
      i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;

      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = mxSafeFrame;

      /* Sync the WAL to disk */
      if( sync_flags ){
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, sync_flags);
      }

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
................................................................................
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */
  u32 mxReadMark;                 /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
  int mxI;                        /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Wal frame to lock to */

  assert( pWal->readLock<0 );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
  ** instances of time.  No I/O or other system calls are done while the
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( !useWal && pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
   && (pWal->pSnapshot==0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0
     || 0==memcmp(&pWal->hdr, pWal->pSnapshot, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)))
#endif
  ){
    /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
    ** and can be safely ignored.
    */
    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
................................................................................
  /* If we get this far, it means that the reader will want to use
  ** the WAL to get at content from recent commits.  The job now is
  ** to select one of the aReadMark[] entries that is closest to
  ** but not exceeding pWal->hdr.mxFrame and lock that entry.
  */
  mxReadMark = 0;
  mxI = 0;
  mxFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( pWal->pSnapshot && pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame<mxFrame ){
    mxFrame = pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame;
  }
#endif
  for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
    u32 thisMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i];
    if( mxReadMark<=thisMark && thisMark<=mxFrame ){
      assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
      mxReadMark = thisMark;
      mxI = i;
    }
  }


  if( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0
   && (mxReadMark<mxFrame || mxI==0)
  ){
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        mxReadMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i] = mxFrame;
        mxI = i;
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        break;
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }
  if( mxI==0 ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)!=0 );
    return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK;
  }

  rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
  if( rc ){
    return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
  }
  /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
  ** value in the aReadMark[] array or the contents of the wal-index
  ** header have changed.
  **
  ** It is necessary to check that the wal-index header did not change
  ** between the time it was read and when the shared-lock was obtained
  ** on WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI) was obtained to account for the possibility
  ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
  ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
  ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
  ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
  ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
  ** instead.
  **
  ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
  ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
  ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
  ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
  ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
  **
  ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
  ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
  ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
  ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
  ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
  ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
  ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
  ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
  ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
  ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
  ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
  ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
  ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
  */
  pWal->minFrame = pInfo->nBackfill+1;
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
   || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
  ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    return WAL_RETRY;
  }else{
    assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;

  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Begin a read transaction on the database.
**
................................................................................
** Pager layer will use this to know that is cache is stale and
** needs to be flushed.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int cnt = 0;                    /* Number of TryBeginRead attempts */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int bChanged = 0;
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot = pWal->pSnapshot;
  if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
    bChanged = 1;
  }
#endif

  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      /* At this point the client has a lock on an aReadMark[] slot holding
      ** a value equal to or smaller than pSnapshot->mxFrame, but pWal->hdr
      ** is populated with the wal-index header corresponding to the head
      ** of the wal file. Verify that pSnapshot is still valid before
      ** continuing.  Reasons why pSnapshot might no longer be valid:
      **
      **    (1)  The WAL file has been reset since the snapshot was taken.
      **         In this case, the salt will have changed.
      **
      **    (2)  A checkpoint as been attempted that wrote frames past
      **         pSnapshot->mxFrame into the database file.  Note that the
      **         checkpoint need not have completed for this to cause problems.
      */
      volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);

      assert( pWal->readLock>0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 );
      assert( pInfo->aReadMark[pWal->readLock]<=pSnapshot->mxFrame );

      /* It is possible that there is a checkpointer thread running 
      ** concurrent with this code. If this is the case, it may be that the
      ** checkpointer has already determined that it will checkpoint 
      ** snapshot X, where X is later in the wal file than pSnapshot, but 
      ** has not yet set the pInfo->nBackfillAttempted variable to indicate 
      ** its intent. To avoid the race condition this leads to, ensure that
      ** there is no checkpointer process by taking a shared CKPT lock 
      ** before checking pInfo->nBackfillAttempted.  */
      rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        /* Check that the wal file has not been wrapped. Assuming that it has
        ** not, also check that no checkpointer has attempted to checkpoint any
        ** frames beyond pSnapshot->mxFrame. If either of these conditions are
        ** true, return SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT. Otherwise, overwrite pWal->hdr
        ** with *pSnapshot and set *pChanged as appropriate for opening the
        ** snapshot.  */
        if( !memcmp(pSnapshot->aSalt, pWal->hdr.aSalt, sizeof(pWal->hdr.aSalt))
         && pSnapshot->mxFrame>=pInfo->nBackfillAttempted
        ){
          memcpy(&pWal->hdr, pSnapshot, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
          *pChanged = bChanged;
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT;
        }

        /* Release the shared CKPT lock obtained above. */
        walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);
      }


      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pWal);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
................................................................................
** heap-memory for the wal-index. Otherwise, if the argument is NULL or the
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal){
  return (pWal && pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE );
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/* Create a snapshot object.  The content of a snapshot is opaque to
** every other subsystem, so the WAL module can put whatever it needs
** in the object.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WalIndexHdr *pRet;

  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 && pWal->writeLock==0 );

  pRet = (WalIndexHdr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  if( pRet==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    memcpy(pRet, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    *ppSnapshot = (sqlite3_snapshot*)pRet;
  }

  return rc;
}

/* Try to open on pSnapshot when the next read-transaction starts
*/
void sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  pWal->pSnapshot = (WalIndexHdr*)pSnapshot;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** If the argument is not NULL, it points to a Wal object that holds a
** read-lock. This function returns the database page-size if it is known,
** or zero if it is not (or if pWal is NULL).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal){
  assert( pWal==0 || pWal->readLock>=0 );
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

Changes to src/wal.h.

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int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op);

/* Return true if the argument is non-NULL and the WAL module is using
** heap-memory for the wal-index. Otherwise, if the argument is NULL or the
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal);






#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/* If the WAL file is not empty, return the number of bytes of content
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
#endif

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
#endif /* _WAL_H_ */







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int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op);

/* Return true if the argument is non-NULL and the WAL module is using
** heap-memory for the wal-index. Otherwise, if the argument is NULL or the
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
void sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/* If the WAL file is not empty, return the number of bytes of content
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
#endif

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
#endif /* _WAL_H_ */

Added test/snapshot.test.









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2015 December 7
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library. The focus
# of this file is the sqlite3_snapshot_xxx() APIs.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !snapshot {finish_test; return}
set testprefix snapshot

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check some error conditions in snapshot_get(). It is an error if:
#
#  1) snapshot_get() is called on a non-WAL database, or
#  2) there is an open write transaction on the database.
#
do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4);
}

do_test 1.1.1 {
  execsql { BEGIN; SELECT * FROM t1; }
  list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_get db main } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
do_execsql_test 1.1.2 COMMIT

do_test 1.2.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
  }
  list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_get db main } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
do_execsql_test 1.3.2 COMMIT

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that a simple case works. Reuse the database created by the
# block of tests above.
#
do_execsql_test 2.1.0 {
  BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8}

breakpoint
do_test 2.1.1 {
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9, 10);
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10}

do_test 2.1.2 {
  execsql BEGIN
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8}

do_test 2.1.3 {
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

do_test 2.2.0 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT * FROM t1;
  } db2
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10}

do_test 2.2.1 {
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db2 main]
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(11, 12);
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12}

do_test 2.2.2 {
  execsql BEGIN
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10}

do_test 2.2.3 {
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
  execsql COMMIT
  execsql COMMIT db2
  db2 close
} {}

do_test 2.3.1 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a>6 }
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('c', 'd');
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 a b c d}
do_test 2.3.2 {
  execsql BEGIN
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}

do_test 2.3.3 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x','y')
  }
} {1 {database is locked}}
do_test 2.3.4 {
  execsql COMMIT
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check some errors in sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if:
#
#   1) the db is in auto-commit mode,
#   2) the db has an open (read or write) transaction,
#   3) the db is not a wal database,
#
# Reuse the database created by earlier tests.
#
do_execsql_test 3.0.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a', 'b');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('c', 'd');
  BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
} {a b c d}
do_test 3.0.1 {
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql { COMMIT }
  execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('e', 'f'); }
} {}

do_test 3.1 {
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}

do_test 3.2.1 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {a b c d e f}
do_test 3.2.2 {
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}

do_test 3.2.3 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('g', 'h');
  }
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
do_execsql_test 3.2.4 COMMIT

do_test 3.3.1 {
  execsql { PRAGMA journal_mode = DELETE }
  execsql { BEGIN }
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot } msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_ERROR}

do_test 3.3.2 {
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT is returned if the specified snapshot
# no longer exists because the wal file has been checkpointed.
#
#   1. Reading a snapshot from the middle of a wal file is not possible
#      after the wal file has been checkpointed.
#
#   2. That a snapshot from the end of a wal file can not be read once
#      the wal file has been wrapped.
#
do_execsql_test 4.1.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
  CREATE TABLE t3(i, j);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('o', 't');
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('t', 'f');
  BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM t3;
} {wal o t t f}

do_test 4.1.1 {
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_test 4.1.2 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('f', 's'); 
    BEGIN;
  }
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t3 }
} {o t t f}

do_test 4.1.3 {
  execsql { 
    COMMIT;
    PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
    BEGIN;
  }
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot} msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT}
do_test 4.1.4 {
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

do_test 4.2.1 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('s', 'e');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('n', 't');
    BEGIN;
      SELECT * FROM t3;
  }
} {o t t f f s s e n t}
do_test 4.2.2 {
  set snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
    BEGIN;
  }
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t3 }
} {o t t f f s s e n t}
do_test 4.2.3 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('e', 't');
    BEGIN;
  }
  list [catch {sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $snapshot} msg] $msg
} {1 SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT}
do_test 4.2.4 {
  sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that SQLITE_BUSY is returned if a checkpoint is running when
# sqlite3_snapshot_open() is called.
#
reset_db
db close
testvfs tvfs
sqlite3 db test.db -vfs tvfs

do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
  CREATE TABLE x1(x, xx, xxx);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('z', 'zz', 'zzz');
  BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM x1;
} {wal z zz zzz}

do_test 5.2 {
  set ::snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  sqlite3 db2 test.db -vfs tvfs
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('a', 'aa', 'aaa');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

set t53 0
proc write_callback {args} {
  do_test 5.3.[incr ::t53] {
    execsql BEGIN
    list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $::snapshot } msg] $msg
  } {1 SQLITE_BUSY}
  catchsql COMMIT
}

tvfs filter xWrite
tvfs script write_callback
db2 eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
db close
db2 close
tvfs delete
sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that sqlite3_snapshot_get() may be called immediately after
# "BEGIN; PRAGMA user_version;". And that sqlite3_snapshot_open() may
# be called after opening the db handle and running the script
# "PRAGMA user_version; BEGIN".
reset_db
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
  CREATE TABLE x1(x, xx, xxx);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('z', 'zz', 'zzz');
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA user_version;
} {wal 0}
do_test 6.2 {
  set ::snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('a', 'aa', 'aaa');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}
do_test 6.3 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db 
  db2 eval "PRAGMA user_version ; BEGIN"
  sqlite3_snapshot_open db2 main $::snapshot
  db2 eval { SELECT * FROM x1 }
} {z zz zzz}
sqlite3_snapshot_free $snapshot

finish_test

Added test/snapshot_fault.test.









































































































































































































































































































































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# 2015 December 10
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library. The focus
# of this file is the sqlite3_snapshot_xxx() APIs.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !snapshot {finish_test; return}
set testprefix snapshot_fault

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that an sqlite3_snapshot_open() client cannot be tricked into
# reading a corrupt snapshot even if a second client fails while 
# checkpointing the db.
#
do_faultsim_test 1.0 -prep {
  faultsim_delete_and_reopen
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  db2 eval { 
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b UNIQUE, c UNIQUE);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    BEGIN;
      SELECT a FROM t1;
  }
  set ::snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db2 main] 
  db2 eval COMMIT
  db2 eval {
    UPDATE t1 SET b=randomblob(501), c=randomblob(501) WHERE a=1;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
  }
} -body {
  db eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
} -test {
  db2 eval BEGIN
  if {[catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open db2 main $::snapshot } msg]} {
    if {$msg != "SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT" && $msg != "SQLITE_BUSY"} {
      error "error is $msg" 
    }
  } else {
    set res [db2 eval { 
      SELECT a FROM t1;
      PRAGMA integrity_check;
    }]
    if {$res != "1 2 3 ok"} { error "res is $res" }
  }

  sqlite3_snapshot_free $::snapshot
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This test is similar to the previous one. Except, after the 
# "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint" command fails the db is closed and reopened
# so as to require wal file recovery. It should not be possible to open
# a snapshot that is part of the body of a recovered wal file.
#
do_faultsim_test 2.0 -prep {
  faultsim_delete_and_reopen
  db eval { 
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b UNIQUE, c UNIQUE);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    BEGIN;
      SELECT a FROM t1;
  }
  set ::snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main] 
  db eval COMMIT

  db eval {
    UPDATE t1 SET b=randomblob(501), c=randomblob(501) WHERE a=1;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
  }
} -body {
  db eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
} -test {

  db_save
  db close
  db_restore_and_reopen
  db eval { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  
  db eval BEGIN
  if {[catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $::snapshot } msg]} {
    if {$msg != "SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT" && $msg != "SQLITE_BUSY"} {
      error "error is $msg" 
    }
  } else {
    # This branch should actually never be taken. But it was useful in
    # determining whether or not this test was actually working (by 
    # running a modified version of SQLite that allowed snapshots to be
    # opened following a recovery).
    error "TEST HAS FAILED"

    set res [db eval { 
      SELECT a FROM t1;
      PRAGMA integrity_check;
    }]
    if {$res != "1 2 3 ok"} { error "res is $res" }
  }

  sqlite3_snapshot_free $::snapshot
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test the handling of faults that occur within sqlite3_snapshot_open().
#
do_faultsim_test 3.0 -prep {
  faultsim_delete_and_reopen
  db eval { 
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b UNIQUE, c UNIQUE);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    BEGIN;
      SELECT a FROM t1;
  }
  set ::snapshot [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main] 
  db eval COMMIT
  db eval {
    UPDATE t1 SET b=randomblob(501), c=randomblob(501) WHERE a=1;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, randomblob(500), randomblob(500));
    BEGIN;
  }
} -body {
  if { [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open db main $::snapshot } msg] } {
    error $msg
  }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {}} {1 SQLITE_IOERR} \
                              {1 SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM} {1 SQLITE_IOERR_READ}
  if {$testrc==0} {
    set res [db eval { 
      SELECT a FROM t1;
      PRAGMA integrity_check;
    }]
    if {$res != "1 2 3 ok"} { error "res is $res" }
  }

  sqlite3_snapshot_free $::snapshot
}



finish_test