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Overview
Comment:Update the ".import" command of the command-line shell so that it can accept field values that span multiple lines and so that it issues error messages if the input text does not strictly conform to RFC4180.
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SHA1: 93f632152e464a89322a0130adaf9f342411bf7d
User & Date: drh 2013-06-26 22:46:00
Context
2013-06-27
11:46
Add extended error code SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT - returned in WAL mode when a read-transaction cannot be upgraded to a write-transaction because it is reading from a snapshot other than the most recently committed. check-in: 361c2296 user: dan tags: trunk
2013-06-26
22:46
Update the ".import" command of the command-line shell so that it can accept field values that span multiple lines and so that it issues error messages if the input text does not strictly conform to RFC4180. check-in: 93f63215 user: drh tags: trunk
18:04
Add the "vtshim" extension, implementing a wrapper around the virtual table interface to make it Disposable for the CLR. No changes to the core. check-in: 6c3839ef user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.

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** A no-op routine that runs with the ".breakpoint" doc-command.  This is
** a useful spot to set a debugger breakpoint.
*/
static void test_breakpoint(void){
  static int nCall = 0;
  nCall++;
}






































































































/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
................................................................................
    if( HAS_TIMER ){
      fprintf(stderr,"%s",zTimerHelp);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 && nArg==3 ){
    char *zTable = azArg[2];    /* Insert data into this table */
    char *zFile = azArg[1];     /* The file from which to extract data */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL; /* A statement */
    int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the table */
    int nByte;                  /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
    int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
    int nSep;                   /* Number of bytes in p->separator[] */
    char *zSql;                 /* An SQL statement */
    char *zLine;                /* A single line of input from the file */
    char **azCol;               /* zLine[] broken up into columns */
    char *zCommit;              /* How to commit changes */   
    FILE *in;                   /* The input file */
    int lineno = 0;             /* Line number of input file */





    open_db(p);
    nSep = strlen30(p->separator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: non-null separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }











    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");

      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);




















    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));

      return 1;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = malloc( nByte + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");

      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO %s VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);

      return 1;
    }
    in = fopen(zFile, "rb");
    if( in==0 ){

      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return 1;
    }

    azCol = malloc( sizeof(azCol[0])*(nCol+1) );
    if( azCol==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      fclose(in);
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
    zCommit = "COMMIT";
    while( (zLine = local_getline(0, in, 1))!=0 ){
      char *z, c;
      int inQuote = 0;
      lineno++;
      azCol[0] = zLine;
      for(i=0, z=zLine; (c = *z)!=0; z++){
        if( c=='"' ) inQuote = !inQuote;
        if( c=='\n' ) lineno++;
        if( !inQuote && c==p->separator[0] && strncmp(z,p->separator,nSep)==0 ){
          *z = 0;
          i++;
          if( i<nCol ){
            azCol[i] = &z[nSep];
            z += nSep-1;

          }
        }
      } /* end for */
      *z = 0;
      if( i+1!=nCol ){





        fprintf(stderr,
                "Error: %s line %d: expected %d columns of data but found %d\n",
                zFile, lineno, nCol, i+1);
        zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
        free(zLine);
        rc = 1;
        break; /* from while */


      }
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        if( azCol[i][0]=='"' ){
          int k;
          for(z=azCol[i], j=1, k=0; z[j]; j++){
            if( z[j]=='"' ){ j++; if( z[j]==0 ) break; }
            z[k++] = z[j];
          }
          z[k] = 0;
        }
        sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, azCol[i], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      }

      sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      free(zLine);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

        fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
        rc = 1;
        break; /* from while */
      }
    } /* end while */
    free(azCol);



    fclose(in);

    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCommit, 0, 0, 0);
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    struct callback_data data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));







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** A no-op routine that runs with the ".breakpoint" doc-command.  This is
** a useful spot to set a debugger breakpoint.
*/
static void test_breakpoint(void){
  static int nCall = 0;
  nCall++;
}

/*
** An object used to read a CSV file
*/
typedef struct CSVReader CSVReader;
struct CSVReader {
  const char *zFile;  /* Name of the input file */
  FILE *in;           /* Read the CSV text from this input stream */
  char *z;            /* Accumulated text for a field */
  int n;              /* Number of bytes in z */
  int nAlloc;         /* Space allocated for z[] */
  int nLine;          /* Current line number */
  int cTerm;          /* Character that terminated the most recent field */
  int cSeparator;     /* The separator character.  (Usually ",") */
};

/* Append a single byte to z[] */
static void csv_append_char(CSVReader *p, int c){
  if( p->n+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc += p->nAlloc + 100;
    p->z = sqlite3_realloc(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
  p->z[p->n++] = (char)c;
}

/* Read a single field of CSV text.  Compatible with rfc4180 and extended
** with the option of having a separator other than ",".
**
**   +  Input comes from p->in.
**   +  Store results in p->z of length p->n.  Space to hold p->z comes
**      from sqlite3_malloc().
**   +  Use p->cSep as the separator.  The default is ",".
**   +  Keep track of the line number in p->nLine.
**   +  Store the character that terminates the field in p->cTerm.  Store
**      EOF on end-of-file.
**   +  Report syntax errors on stderr
*/
static char *csv_read_one_field(CSVReader *p){
  int c, pc;
  int cSep = p->cSeparator;
  p->n = 0;
  c = fgetc(p->in);
  if( c==EOF || seenInterrupt ){
    p->cTerm = EOF;
    return 0;
  }
  if( c=='"' ){
    int startLine = p->nLine;
    int cQuote = c;
    pc = 0;
    while( 1 ){
      c = fgetc(p->in);
      if( c=='\n' ) p->nLine++;
      if( c==cQuote ){
        if( pc==cQuote ){
          pc = 0;
          continue;
        }
      }
      if( (c==cSep && pc==cQuote)
       || (c=='\n' && pc==cQuote)
       || (c=='\n' && pc=='\r' && p->n>2 && p->z[p->n-2]==cQuote)
       || (c==EOF && pc==cQuote)
      ){
        do{ p->n--; }while( p->z[p->n]!=cQuote );
        p->z[p->n] = 0;
        p->cTerm = c;
        break;
      }
      if( pc==cQuote && c!='\r' ){
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: unescaped %c character\n",
                p->zFile, p->nLine, cQuote);
      }
      if( c==EOF ){
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: unterminated %c-quoted field\n",
                p->zFile, startLine, cQuote);
        p->z[p->n] = 0;
        p->cTerm = EOF;
        break;
      }
      csv_append_char(p, c);
      pc = c;
    }      
  }else{
    csv_append_char(p, c);
    while( (c = fgetc(p->in))!=EOF && c!=cSep && c!='\n' ){
      csv_append_char(p, c);
    }
    if( c=='\n' ){
      p->nLine++;
      if( p->n>1 && p->z[p->n-1]=='\r' ) p->n--;
    }
    p->z[p->n] = 0;
    p->cTerm = c;
  }
  return p->z;
}

/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
................................................................................
    if( HAS_TIMER ){
      fprintf(stderr,"%s",zTimerHelp);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 && nArg==3 ){
    char *zTable = azArg[2];    /* Insert data into this table */

    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL; /* A statement */
    int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the table */
    int nByte;                  /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
    int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
    int nSep;                   /* Number of bytes in p->separator[] */
    char *zSql;                 /* An SQL statement */
    CSVReader sCsv;             /* Reader context */





    seenInterrupt = 0;
    memset(&sCsv, 0, sizeof(sCsv));
    sCsv.zFile = azArg[1];
    sCsv.nLine = 1;
    open_db(p);
    nSep = strlen30(p->separator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: non-null separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( nSep>1 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: multi-character separators not allowed"
                      " for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    sCsv.in = fopen(sCsv.zFile, "rb");
    if( sCsv.in==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", sCsv.zFile);
      return 1;
    }
    sCsv.cSeparator = p->separator[0];
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      fclose(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
      while( csv_read_one_field(&sCsv) ){
        zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%c\n  \"%s\" TEXT", zCreate, cSep, sCsv.z);
        cSep = ',';
        if( sCsv.cTerm!=sCsv.cSeparator ) break;
      }
      zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z\n)", zCreate);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCreate, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zCreate);
      if( rc ){
        fprintf(stderr, "CREATE TABLE %s(...) failed: %s\n", zTable,
                sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        sqlite3_free(sCsv.z);
        fclose(sCsv.in);
        return 1;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      fclose(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = sqlite3_malloc( nByte*2 + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      fclose(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO \"%w\" VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fclose(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }


    do{
      int startLine = sCsv.nLine;
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *z = csv_read_one_field(&sCsv);

        if( z==0 && i==0 ) break;
        sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
        if( i<nCol-1 && sCsv.cTerm!=sCsv.cSeparator ){
          fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "
                          "filling the rest with NULL\n",
                          sCsv.zFile, startLine, nCol, i+1);














          i++;



          while( i<nCol ){ sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, i); i++; }
        }
      }



      if( sCsv.cTerm==sCsv.cSeparator ){
        do{
          csv_read_one_field(&sCsv);
          i++;
        }while( sCsv.cTerm==sCsv.cSeparator );
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "






                        "extras ignored\n",
                        sCsv.zFile, startLine, nCol, i);
      }











      if( i>=nCol ){
        sqlite3_step(pStmt);
        rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);

        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: INSERT failed: %s\n", sCsv.zFile, startLine,
                  sqlite3_errmsg(db));



        }


      }
    }while( sCsv.cTerm!=EOF );

    fclose(sCsv.in);
    sqlite3_free(sCsv.z);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "COMMIT", 0, 0, 0);
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    struct callback_data data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));

Changes to test/shell1.test.

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# .import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
do_test shell1-3.11.1 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell1-3.11.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell1-3.11.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR"
} {1 {Error: no such table: BAR}}
do_test shell1-3.11.3 {
  # too many arguments
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR BAD"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}

# .indices ?TABLE?       Show names of all indices
#                          If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables







|
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# .import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
do_test shell1-3.11.1 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell1-3.11.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
#do_test shell1-3.11.2 {
#  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR"
#} {1 {Error: no such table: BAR}}
do_test shell1-3.11.3 {
  # too many arguments
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR BAD"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}

# .indices ?TABLE?       Show names of all indices
#                          If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables

Changes to test/shell5.test.

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# .import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
do_test shell5-1.1.1 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell5-1.1.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell5-1.1.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR"
} {1 {Error: no such table: BAR}}
do_test shell5-1.1.3 {
  # too many arguments
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR BAD"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}

# .separator STRING      Change separator used by output mode and .import
do_test shell1-1.2.1 {
................................................................................

# import file with 1 row, 1 column (expecting 2 cols)
do_test shell5-1.4.3 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t1}]
} {1 {Error: shell5.csv line 1: expected 2 columns of data but found 1}}

# import file with 1 row, 3 columns (expecting 2 cols)
do_test shell5-1.4.4 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1|2|3"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t1}]
} {1 {Error: shell5.csv line 1: expected 2 columns of data but found 3}}

# import file with 1 row, 2 columns
do_test shell5-1.4.5 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1|2"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t1

SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t1;}]
} {0 1}

# import file with 2 rows, 2 columns
# note we end up with 3 rows because of the 1 row 
# imported above.
do_test shell5-1.4.6 {
................................................................................
SELECT length(b) FROM t1 WHERE a='8';}]
} {0 999}

# try importing into a table with a large number of columns.
# This is limited by SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER, which defaults to 999.
set cols 999
do_test shell5-1.6.1 {
  set sql {CREATE TABLE t2(}
  set data {}
  for {set i 1} {$i<$cols} {incr i} {
    append sql "c$i,"



    append data "$i|"
  }
  append sql "c$cols);"
  append data "$cols"
  catchcmd "test.db" $sql
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in $data
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t2
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t2;}]
} {0 1}

# try importing a large number of rows
set rows 999999
do_test shell5-1.7.1 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]

  for {set i 1} {$i<=$rows} {incr i} {
    puts $in $i
  }
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {CREATE TABLE t3(a);
.import shell5.csv t3
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t3;}]
} [list 0 $rows]

finish_test







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# .import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
do_test shell5-1.1.1 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
do_test shell5-1.1.2 {
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}
#do_test shell5-1.1.2 {
#  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR"
#} {1 {Error: no such table: BAR}}
do_test shell5-1.1.3 {
  # too many arguments
  catchcmd "test.db" ".import FOO BAR BAD"
} {1 {Error: unknown command or invalid arguments:  "import". Enter ".help" for help}}

# .separator STRING      Change separator used by output mode and .import
do_test shell1-1.2.1 {
................................................................................

# import file with 1 row, 1 column (expecting 2 cols)
do_test shell5-1.4.3 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t1}]
} {1 {shell5.csv:1: expected 2 columns but found 1 - filling the rest with NULL}}

# import file with 1 row, 3 columns (expecting 2 cols)
do_test shell5-1.4.4 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1|2|3"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t1}]
} {1 {shell5.csv:1: expected 2 columns but found 3 - extras ignored}}

# import file with 1 row, 2 columns
do_test shell5-1.4.5 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in "1|2"
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {DELETE FROM t1;
.import shell5.csv t1
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t1;}]
} {0 1}

# import file with 2 rows, 2 columns
# note we end up with 3 rows because of the 1 row 
# imported above.
do_test shell5-1.4.6 {
................................................................................
SELECT length(b) FROM t1 WHERE a='8';}]
} {0 999}

# try importing into a table with a large number of columns.
# This is limited by SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER, which defaults to 999.
set cols 999
do_test shell5-1.6.1 {

  set data {}
  for {set i 1} {$i<$cols} {incr i} {
    append data "c$i|"
  }
  append data "c$cols\n";
  for {set i 1} {$i<$cols} {incr i} {
    append data "$i|"
  }

  append data "$cols"

  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in $data
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.import shell5.csv t2
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t2;}]
} {0 1}

# try importing a large number of rows
set rows 99999
do_test shell5-1.7.1 {
  set in [open shell5.csv w]
  puts $in a
  for {set i 1} {$i<=$rows} {incr i} {
    puts $in $i
  }
  close $in
  set res [catchcmd "test.db" {.mode csv
.import shell5.csv t3
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t3;}]
} [list 0 $rows]

finish_test