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User & Date: drh 2016-03-21 10:49:49
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2016-03-21
11:38
Do a better job of capturing all system errno values regardless of when they occur. check-in: 7d49998d user: drh tags: sqlite_system_errno
10:49
Merge updates from trunk. check-in: 86ab8643 user: drh tags: sqlite_system_errno
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Change the way fts5 internally allocates segment ids in order to eliminated non-determinism from the module. check-in: d6e2637d user: dan tags: trunk
2016-03-17
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Change the xGetLastError() method on the windows VFS so that it continues to format an error message (if requested) but returns the system error code, rather than an SQLite status code. check-in: 1602f6b5 user: drh tags: sqlite_system_errno
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<html>
<head>
<title>The Lemon Parser Generator</title>
</head>
<body bgcolor=white>
<h1 align=center>The Lemon Parser Generator</h1>

<p>Lemon is an LALR(1) parser generator for C or C++.  
It does the same job as ``bison'' and ``yacc''.
But lemon is not another bison or yacc clone.  It
uses a different grammar syntax which is designed to
reduce the number of coding errors.  Lemon also uses a more
sophisticated parsing engine that is faster than yacc and
bison and which is both reentrant and thread-safe.



Furthermore, Lemon implements features that can be used
to eliminate resource leaks, making is suitable for use
in long-running programs such as graphical user interfaces
or embedded controllers.</p>

<p>This document is an introduction to the Lemon
parser generator.</p>

................................................................................
<ul>
<li>C code to implement the parser.
<li>A header file defining an integer ID for each terminal symbol.
<li>An information file that describes the states of the generated parser
    automaton.
</ul>
By default, all three of these output files are generated.
The header file is suppressed if the ``-m'' command-line option is
used and the report file is omitted when ``-q'' is selected.</p>

<p>The grammar specification file uses a ``.y'' suffix, by convention.
In the examples used in this document, we'll assume the name of the
grammar file is ``gram.y''.  A typical use of Lemon would be the
following command:
<pre>
   lemon gram.y
</pre>
This command will generate three output files named ``gram.c'',
``gram.h'' and ``gram.out''.
The first is C code to implement the parser.  The second
is the header file that defines numerical values for all
terminal symbols, and the last is the report that explains
the states used by the parser automaton.</p>

<h3>Command Line Options</h3>

................................................................................
You can obtain a list of the available command-line options together
with a brief explanation of what each does by typing
<pre>
   lemon -?
</pre>
As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><tt>-b</tt>
<li><tt>-c</tt>
<li><tt>-g</tt>
<li><tt>-m</tt>
<li><tt>-q</tt>
<li><tt>-s</tt>
<li><tt>-x</tt>
</ul>
The ``-b'' option reduces the amount of text in the report file by
printing only the basis of each parser state, rather than the full
configuration.
The ``-c'' option suppresses action table compression.  Using -c
will make the parser a little larger and slower but it will detect
syntax errors sooner.
The ``-g'' option causes no output files to be generated at all.
Instead, the input grammar file is printed on standard output but
with all comments, actions and other extraneous text deleted.  This
is a useful way to get a quick summary of a grammar.
The ``-m'' option causes the output C source file to be compatible
with the ``makeheaders'' program.
Makeheaders is a program that automatically generates header files
from C source code.  When the ``-m'' option is used, the header
file is not output since the makeheaders program will take care
of generated all header files automatically.
The ``-q'' option suppresses the report file.
Using ``-s'' causes a brief summary of parser statistics to be
printed.  Like this:
<pre>
   Parser statistics: 74 terminals, 70 nonterminals, 179 rules
                      340 states, 2026 parser table entries, 0 conflicts
</pre>
Finally, the ``-x'' option causes Lemon to print its version number
and then stops without attempting to read the grammar or generate a parser.</p>

<h3>The Parser Interface</h3>

<p>Lemon doesn't generate a complete, working program.  It only generates
a few subroutines that implement a parser.  This section describes
the interface to those subroutines.  It is up to the programmer to
call these subroutines in an appropriate way in order to produce a
................................................................................
must first create the parser.
A new parser is created as follows:
<pre>
   void *pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
</pre>
The ParseAlloc() routine allocates and initializes a new parser and
returns a pointer to it.
The actual data structure used to represent a parser is opaque --
its internal structure is not visible or usable by the calling routine.
For this reason, the ParseAlloc() routine returns a pointer to void
rather than a pointer to some particular structure.
The sole argument to the ParseAlloc() routine is a pointer to the
subroutine used to allocate memory.  Typically this means ``malloc()''.</p>

<p>After a program is finished using a parser, it can reclaim all
memory allocated by that parser by calling
<pre>
   ParseFree(pParser, free);
</pre>
The first argument is the same pointer returned by ParseAlloc().  The
................................................................................
The first argument to the Parse() routine is the pointer returned by
ParseAlloc().
The second argument is a small positive integer that tells the parse the
type of the next token in the data stream.
There is one token type for each terminal symbol in the grammar.
The gram.h file generated by Lemon contains #define statements that
map symbolic terminal symbol names into appropriate integer values.
(A value of 0 for the second argument is a special flag to the
parser to indicate that the end of input has been reached.)
The third argument is the value of the given token.  By default,
the type of the third argument is integer, but the grammar will
usually redefine this type to be some kind of structure.
Typically the second argument will be a broad category of tokens
such as ``identifier'' or ``number'' and the third argument will
be the name of the identifier or the value of the number.</p>

<p>The Parse() function may have either three or four arguments,
depending on the grammar.  If the grammar specification file requests
it (via the <a href='#extraarg'><tt>extra_argument</tt> directive</a>),
the Parse() function will have a fourth parameter that can be
of any type chosen by the programmer.  The parser doesn't do anything
................................................................................
   15    ParseFree(pParser, free );
   16    TokenizerFree(pTokenizer);
   17    return sState.treeRoot;
   18 }
</pre>
This example shows a user-written routine that parses a file of
text and returns a pointer to the parse tree.
(We've omitted all error-handling from this example to keep it
simple.)
We assume the existence of some kind of tokenizer which is created
using TokenizerCreate() on line 8 and deleted by TokenizerFree()
on line 16.  The GetNextToken() function on line 11 retrieves the
next token from the input file and puts its type in the 
integer variable hTokenId.  The sToken variable is assumed to be
some kind of structure that contains details about each token,
................................................................................
declaration can occur at any point in the file.
Lemon ignores whitespace (except where it is needed to separate
tokens) and it honors the same commenting conventions as C and C++.</p>

<h3>Terminals and Nonterminals</h3>

<p>A terminal symbol (token) is any string of alphanumeric
and underscore characters
that begins with an upper case letter.
A terminal can contain lowercase letters after the first character,
but the usual convention is to make terminals all upper case.
A nonterminal, on the other hand, is any string of alphanumeric
and underscore characters than begins with a lower case letter.
Again, the usual convention is to make nonterminals use all lower
case letters.</p>
................................................................................
must have alphanumeric names.</p>

<h3>Grammar Rules</h3>

<p>The main component of a Lemon grammar file is a sequence of grammar
rules.
Each grammar rule consists of a nonterminal symbol followed by
the special symbol ``::='' and then a list of terminals and/or nonterminals.
The rule is terminated by a period.
The list of terminals and nonterminals on the right-hand side of the
rule can be empty.
Rules can occur in any order, except that the left-hand side of the
first rule is assumed to be the start symbol for the grammar (unless
specified otherwise using the <tt>%start</tt> directive described below.)
A typical sequence of grammar rules might look something like this:
................................................................................
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.
  expr ::= expr TIMES expr.
  expr ::= LPAREN expr RPAREN.
  expr ::= VALUE.
</pre>
</p>

<p>There is one non-terminal in this example, ``expr'', and five
terminal symbols or tokens: ``PLUS'', ``TIMES'', ``LPAREN'',
``RPAREN'' and ``VALUE''.</p>

<p>Like yacc and bison, Lemon allows the grammar to specify a block
of C code that will be executed whenever a grammar rule is reduced
by the parser.
In Lemon, this action is specified by putting the C code (contained
within curly braces <tt>{...}</tt>) immediately after the
period that closes the rule.
................................................................................
<pre>
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.   { printf("Doing an addition...\n"); }
</pre>
</p>

<p>In order to be useful, grammar actions must normally be linked to
their associated grammar rules.
In yacc and bison, this is accomplished by embedding a ``$$'' in the
action to stand for the value of the left-hand side of the rule and
symbols ``$1'', ``$2'', and so forth to stand for the value of
the terminal or nonterminal at position 1, 2 and so forth on the
right-hand side of the rule.
This idea is very powerful, but it is also very error-prone.  The
single most common source of errors in a yacc or bison grammar is
to miscount the number of symbols on the right-hand side of a grammar
rule and say ``$7'' when you really mean ``$8''.</p>

<p>Lemon avoids the need to count grammar symbols by assigning symbolic
names to each symbol in a grammar rule and then using those symbolic
names in the action.
In yacc or bison, one would write this:
<pre>
  expr -> expr PLUS expr  { $$ = $1 + $3; };
................................................................................
includes a linking symbol in parentheses but that linking symbol
is not actually used in the reduce action, then an error message
is generated.
For example, the rule
<pre>
  expr(A) ::= expr(B) PLUS expr(C).  { A = B; }
</pre>
will generate an error because the linking symbol ``C'' is used
in the grammar rule but not in the reduce action.</p>

<p>The Lemon notation for linking grammar rules to reduce actions
also facilitates the use of destructors for reclaiming memory
allocated by the values of terminals and nonterminals on the
right-hand side of a rule.</p>


<h3>Precedence Rules</h3>

<p>Lemon resolves parsing ambiguities in exactly the same way as
yacc and bison.  A shift-reduce conflict is resolved in favor
of the shift, and a reduce-reduce conflict is resolved by reducing
whichever rule comes first in the grammar file.</p>

<p>Just like in
yacc and bison, Lemon allows a measure of control 
over the resolution of paring conflicts using precedence rules.
A precedence value can be assigned to any terminal symbol



using the %left, %right or %nonassoc directives.  Terminal symbols
mentioned in earlier directives have a lower precedence that
terminal symbols mentioned in later directives.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
................................................................................

<p>Lemon supports the following special directives:
<ul>
<li><tt>%code</tt>
<li><tt>%default_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%default_type</tt>
<li><tt>%destructor</tt>

<li><tt>%extra_argument</tt>



<li><tt>%include</tt>
<li><tt>%left</tt>
<li><tt>%name</tt>
<li><tt>%nonassoc</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_accept</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_failure </tt>
<li><tt>%right</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_overflow</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_size</tt>
<li><tt>%start_symbol</tt>
<li><tt>%syntax_error</tt>

<li><tt>%token_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%token_prefix</tt>
<li><tt>%token_type</tt>
<li><tt>%type</tt>

</ul>
Each of these directives will be described separately in the
following sections:</p>


<h4>The <tt>%code</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %code directive is used to specify addition C/C++ code that
is added to the end of the main output file.  This is similar to
the %include directive except that %include is inserted at the

beginning of the main output file.</p>

<p>%code is typically used to include some action routines or perhaps

a tokenizer as part of the output file.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%default_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_destructor directive specifies a destructor to 
use for non-terminals that do not have their own destructor
specified by a separate %destructor directive.  See the documentation

on the %destructor directive below for additional information.</p>

<p>In some grammers, many different non-terminal symbols have the
same datatype and hence the same destructor.  This directive is
a convenience way to specify the same destructor for all those
non-terminals using a single statement.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%default_type</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_type directive specifies the datatype of non-terminal
symbols that do no have their own datatype defined using a separate
%type directive.  See the documentation on %type below for addition
information.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive is used to specify a destructor for
a non-terminal symbol.
(See also the %token_destructor directive which is used to
specify a destructor for terminal symbols.)</p>

<p>A non-terminal's destructor is called to dispose of the
non-terminal's value whenever the non-terminal is popped from
the stack.  This includes all of the following circumstances:
<ul>
<li> When a rule reduces and the value of a non-terminal on
     the right-hand side is not linked to C code.
................................................................................
<pre>
   %type nt {void*}
   %destructor nt { free($$); }
   nt(A) ::= ID NUM.   { A = malloc( 100 ); }
</pre>
This example is a bit contrived but it serves to illustrate how
destructors work.  The example shows a non-terminal named
``nt'' that holds values of type ``void*''.  When the rule for
an ``nt'' reduces, it sets the value of the non-terminal to
space obtained from malloc().  Later, when the nt non-terminal
is popped from the stack, the destructor will fire and call
free() on this malloced space, thus avoiding a memory leak.
(Note that the symbol ``$$'' in the destructor code is replaced
by the value of the non-terminal.)</p>

<p>It is important to note that the value of a non-terminal is passed
to the destructor whenever the non-terminal is removed from the
stack, unless the non-terminal is used in a C-code action.  If
the non-terminal is used by C-code, then it is assumed that the
C-code will take care of destroying it if it should really
be destroyed.  More commonly, the value is used to build some
larger structure and we don't want to destroy it, which is why
the destructor is not called in this circumstance.</p>

<p>By appropriate use of destructors, it is possible to
build a parser using Lemon that can be used within a long-running
program, such as a GUI, that will not leak memory or other resources.
To do the same using yacc or bison is much more difficult.</p>

<a name="extraarg"></a>
<h4>The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive</h4>

The %extra_argument directive instructs Lemon to add a 4th parameter
to the parameter list of the Parse() function it generates.  Lemon
................................................................................
and so forth.  For example, if the grammar file contains:</p>

<p><pre>
    %extra_argument { MyStruct *pAbc }
</pre></p>

<p>Then the Parse() function generated will have an 4th parameter
of type ``MyStruct*'' and all action routines will have access to
a variable named ``pAbc'' that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

















































<h4>The <tt>%include</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %include directive specifies C code that is included at the
top of the generated parser.  You can include any text you want --
the Lemon parser generator copies it blindly.  If you have multiple
%include directives in your grammar file the value of the last
%include directive overwrites all the others.</p.



<p>The %include directive is very handy for getting some extra #include
preprocessor statements at the beginning of the generated parser.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %include {#include &lt;unistd.h&gt;}
</pre></p>

<p>This might be needed, for example, if some of the C actions in the
grammar call functions that are prototyed in unistd.h.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%left</tt> directive</h4>

The %left directive is used (along with the %right and
%nonassoc directives) to declare precedences of terminal
symbols.  Every terminal symbol whose name appears after
a %left directive but before the next period (``.'') is
given the same left-associative precedence value.  Subsequent
%left directives have higher precedence.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
................................................................................
directive.</p>

<p>LALR(1) grammars can get into a situation where they require
a large amount of stack space if you make heavy use or right-associative
operators.  For this reason, it is recommended that you use %left
rather than %right whenever possible.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%name</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the functions generated by Lemon all begin with the
five-character string ``Parse''.  You can change this string to something
different using the %name directive.  For instance:</p>

<p><pre>
   %name Abcde
</pre></p>

<p>Putting this directive in the grammar file will cause Lemon to generate
................................................................................
<li> AbcdeTrace(), and
<li> Abcde().
</ul>
The %name directive allows you to generator two or more different
parsers and link them all into the same executable.
</p>


<h4>The <tt>%nonassoc</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign non-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on precedence rules

or on the %left directive for additional information.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%parse_accept</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_accept directive specifies a block of C code that is
executed whenever the parser accepts its input string.  To ``accept''
an input string means that the parser was able to process all tokens
without error.</p>

<p>For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %parse_accept {
      printf("parsing complete!\n");
   }
</pre></p>


<h4>The <tt>%parse_failure</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_failure directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed whenever the parser fails complete.  This code is not
executed until the parser has tried and failed to resolve an input
error using is usual error recovery strategy.  The routine is
only invoked when parsing is unable to continue.</p>
................................................................................

<p><pre>
   %parse_failure {
     fprintf(stderr,"Giving up.  Parser is hopelessly lost...\n");
   }
</pre></p>


<h4>The <tt>%right</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign right-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on precedence rules

or on the %left directive for additional information.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%stack_overflow</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %stack_overflow directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed if the parser's internal stack ever overflows.  Typically
this just prints an error message.  After a stack overflow, the parser
will be unable to continue and must be reset.</p>

................................................................................
</pre>
Not like this:
<pre>
   list ::= element list.      // right-recursion.  Bad!
   list ::= .
</pre>


<h4>The <tt>%stack_size</tt> directive</h4>

<p>If stack overflow is a problem and you can't resolve the trouble
by using left-recursion, then you might want to increase the size
of the parser's stack using this directive.  Put an positive integer
after the %stack_size directive and Lemon will generate a parse
with a stack of the requested size.  The default value is 100.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_size 2000
</pre></p>


<h4>The <tt>%start_symbol</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the start-symbol for the grammar that Lemon generates
is the first non-terminal that appears in the grammar file.  But you
can choose a different start-symbol using the %start_symbol directive.</p>

<p><pre>
   %start_symbol  prog
</pre></p>


<h4>The <tt>%token_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive assigns a destructor to a non-terminal
symbol.  (See the description of the %destructor directive above.)
This directive does the same thing for all terminal symbols.</p>

<p>Unlike non-terminal symbols which may each have a different data type
for their values, terminals all use the same data type (defined by
the %token_type directive) and so they use a common destructor.  Other
than that, the token destructor works just like the non-terminal
destructors.</p>


<h4>The <tt>%token_prefix</tt> directive</h4>

<p>Lemon generates #defines that assign small integer constants
to each terminal symbol in the grammar.  If desired, Lemon will
add a prefix specified by this directive
to each of the #defines it generates.
So if the default output of Lemon looked like this:
................................................................................
<pre>
    #define TOKEN_AND        1
    #define TOKEN_MINUS      2
    #define TOKEN_OR         3
    #define TOKEN_PLUS       4
</pre>


<h4>The <tt>%token_type</tt> and <tt>%type</tt> directives</h4>

<p>These directives are used to specify the data types for values
on the parser's stack associated with terminal and non-terminal
symbols.  The values of all terminal symbols must be of the same
type.  This turns out to be the same data type as the 3rd parameter
to the Parse() function generated by Lemon.  Typically, you will
................................................................................
token structure.  Like this:</p>

<p><pre>
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is ``int''.</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type  of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse-tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
................................................................................
on what the corresponding non-terminal or terminal symbol is.  But
the grammar designer should keep in mind that the size of the union
will be the size of its largest element.  So if you have a single
non-terminal whose data type requires 1K of storage, then your 100
entry parser stack will require 100K of heap space.  If you are willing
and able to pay that price, fine.  You just need to know.</p>












<h3>Error Processing</h3>

<p>After extensive experimentation over several years, it has been
discovered that the error recovery strategy used by yacc is about
as good as it gets.  And so that is what Lemon uses.</p>

<p>When a Lemon-generated parser encounters a syntax error, it
first invokes the code specified by the %syntax_error directive, if
any.  It then enters its error recovery strategy.  The error recovery
strategy is to begin popping the parsers stack until it enters a
state where it is permitted to shift a special non-terminal symbol
named ``error''.  It then shifts this non-terminal and continues
parsing.  But the %syntax_error routine will not be called again
until at least three new tokens have been successfully shifted.</p>

<p>If the parser pops its stack until the stack is empty, and it still
is unable to shift the error symbol, then the %parse_failed routine
is invoked and the parser resets itself to its start state, ready
to begin parsing a new file.  This is what will happen at the very
first syntax error, of course, if there are no instances of the 
``error'' non-terminal in your grammar.</p>

</body>
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<html>
<head>
<title>The Lemon Parser Generator</title>
</head>
<body bgcolor=white>
<h1 align=center>The Lemon Parser Generator</h1>

<p>Lemon is an LALR(1) parser generator for C.
It does the same job as "bison" and "yacc".
But lemon is not a bison or yacc clone.  Lemon
uses a different grammar syntax which is designed to
reduce the number of coding errors.  Lemon also uses a
parsing engine that is faster than yacc and
bison and which is both reentrant and threadsafe.
(Update: Since the previous sentence was written, bison
has also been updated so that it too can generate a
reentrant and threadsafe parser.)
Lemon also implements features that can be used
to eliminate resource leaks, making is suitable for use
in long-running programs such as graphical user interfaces
or embedded controllers.</p>

<p>This document is an introduction to the Lemon
parser generator.</p>

................................................................................
<ul>
<li>C code to implement the parser.
<li>A header file defining an integer ID for each terminal symbol.
<li>An information file that describes the states of the generated parser
    automaton.
</ul>
By default, all three of these output files are generated.
The header file is suppressed if the "-m" command-line option is
used and the report file is omitted when "-q" is selected.</p>

<p>The grammar specification file uses a ".y" suffix, by convention.
In the examples used in this document, we'll assume the name of the
grammar file is "gram.y".  A typical use of Lemon would be the
following command:
<pre>
   lemon gram.y
</pre>
This command will generate three output files named "gram.c",
"gram.h" and "gram.out".
The first is C code to implement the parser.  The second
is the header file that defines numerical values for all
terminal symbols, and the last is the report that explains
the states used by the parser automaton.</p>

<h3>Command Line Options</h3>

................................................................................
You can obtain a list of the available command-line options together
with a brief explanation of what each does by typing
<pre>
   lemon -?
</pre>
As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><b>-b</b>
Show only the basis for each parser state in the report file.
<li><b>-c</b>
Do not compress the generated action tables.
<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is useable by
"%ifdef" lines in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
output with all comments, actions, and other extraneous text removed.
<li><b>-l</b>
Omit "#line" directives int the generated parser C code.
<li><b>-m</b>
Cause the output C source code to be compatible with the "makeheaders"
program. 
<li><b>-p</b>
Display all conflicts that are resolved by 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>.
<li><b>-q</b>
Suppress generation of the report file.
<li><b>-r</b>
Do not sort or renumber the parser states as part of optimization.
<li><b>-s</b>
Show parser statistics before existing.
<li><b>-T<i>file</i></b>
Use <i>file</i> as the template for the generated C-code parser implementation.
<li><b>-x</b>
Print the Lemon version number.
</ul>





<h3>The Parser Interface</h3>

<p>Lemon doesn't generate a complete, working program.  It only generates
a few subroutines that implement a parser.  This section describes
the interface to those subroutines.  It is up to the programmer to
call these subroutines in an appropriate way in order to produce a
................................................................................
must first create the parser.
A new parser is created as follows:
<pre>
   void *pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
</pre>
The ParseAlloc() routine allocates and initializes a new parser and
returns a pointer to it.
The actual data structure used to represent a parser is opaque &mdash;
its internal structure is not visible or usable by the calling routine.
For this reason, the ParseAlloc() routine returns a pointer to void
rather than a pointer to some particular structure.
The sole argument to the ParseAlloc() routine is a pointer to the
subroutine used to allocate memory.  Typically this means malloc().</p>

<p>After a program is finished using a parser, it can reclaim all
memory allocated by that parser by calling
<pre>
   ParseFree(pParser, free);
</pre>
The first argument is the same pointer returned by ParseAlloc().  The
................................................................................
The first argument to the Parse() routine is the pointer returned by
ParseAlloc().
The second argument is a small positive integer that tells the parse the
type of the next token in the data stream.
There is one token type for each terminal symbol in the grammar.
The gram.h file generated by Lemon contains #define statements that
map symbolic terminal symbol names into appropriate integer values.
A value of 0 for the second argument is a special flag to the
parser to indicate that the end of input has been reached.
The third argument is the value of the given token.  By default,
the type of the third argument is integer, but the grammar will
usually redefine this type to be some kind of structure.
Typically the second argument will be a broad category of tokens
such as "identifier" or "number" and the third argument will
be the name of the identifier or the value of the number.</p>

<p>The Parse() function may have either three or four arguments,
depending on the grammar.  If the grammar specification file requests
it (via the <a href='#extraarg'><tt>extra_argument</tt> directive</a>),
the Parse() function will have a fourth parameter that can be
of any type chosen by the programmer.  The parser doesn't do anything
................................................................................
   15    ParseFree(pParser, free );
   16    TokenizerFree(pTokenizer);
   17    return sState.treeRoot;
   18 }
</pre>
This example shows a user-written routine that parses a file of
text and returns a pointer to the parse tree.
(All error-handling code is omitted from this example to keep it
simple.)
We assume the existence of some kind of tokenizer which is created
using TokenizerCreate() on line 8 and deleted by TokenizerFree()
on line 16.  The GetNextToken() function on line 11 retrieves the
next token from the input file and puts its type in the 
integer variable hTokenId.  The sToken variable is assumed to be
some kind of structure that contains details about each token,
................................................................................
declaration can occur at any point in the file.
Lemon ignores whitespace (except where it is needed to separate
tokens) and it honors the same commenting conventions as C and C++.</p>

<h3>Terminals and Nonterminals</h3>

<p>A terminal symbol (token) is any string of alphanumeric
and/or underscore characters
that begins with an upper case letter.
A terminal can contain lowercase letters after the first character,
but the usual convention is to make terminals all upper case.
A nonterminal, on the other hand, is any string of alphanumeric
and underscore characters than begins with a lower case letter.
Again, the usual convention is to make nonterminals use all lower
case letters.</p>
................................................................................
must have alphanumeric names.</p>

<h3>Grammar Rules</h3>

<p>The main component of a Lemon grammar file is a sequence of grammar
rules.
Each grammar rule consists of a nonterminal symbol followed by
the special symbol "::=" and then a list of terminals and/or nonterminals.
The rule is terminated by a period.
The list of terminals and nonterminals on the right-hand side of the
rule can be empty.
Rules can occur in any order, except that the left-hand side of the
first rule is assumed to be the start symbol for the grammar (unless
specified otherwise using the <tt>%start</tt> directive described below.)
A typical sequence of grammar rules might look something like this:
................................................................................
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.
  expr ::= expr TIMES expr.
  expr ::= LPAREN expr RPAREN.
  expr ::= VALUE.
</pre>
</p>

<p>There is one non-terminal in this example, "expr", and five
terminal symbols or tokens: "PLUS", "TIMES", "LPAREN",
"RPAREN" and "VALUE".</p>

<p>Like yacc and bison, Lemon allows the grammar to specify a block
of C code that will be executed whenever a grammar rule is reduced
by the parser.
In Lemon, this action is specified by putting the C code (contained
within curly braces <tt>{...}</tt>) immediately after the
period that closes the rule.
................................................................................
<pre>
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.   { printf("Doing an addition...\n"); }
</pre>
</p>

<p>In order to be useful, grammar actions must normally be linked to
their associated grammar rules.
In yacc and bison, this is accomplished by embedding a "$$" in the
action to stand for the value of the left-hand side of the rule and
symbols "$1", "$2", and so forth to stand for the value of
the terminal or nonterminal at position 1, 2 and so forth on the
right-hand side of the rule.
This idea is very powerful, but it is also very error-prone.  The
single most common source of errors in a yacc or bison grammar is
to miscount the number of symbols on the right-hand side of a grammar
rule and say "$7" when you really mean "$8".</p>

<p>Lemon avoids the need to count grammar symbols by assigning symbolic
names to each symbol in a grammar rule and then using those symbolic
names in the action.
In yacc or bison, one would write this:
<pre>
  expr -> expr PLUS expr  { $$ = $1 + $3; };
................................................................................
includes a linking symbol in parentheses but that linking symbol
is not actually used in the reduce action, then an error message
is generated.
For example, the rule
<pre>
  expr(A) ::= expr(B) PLUS expr(C).  { A = B; }
</pre>
will generate an error because the linking symbol "C" is used
in the grammar rule but not in the reduce action.</p>

<p>The Lemon notation for linking grammar rules to reduce actions
also facilitates the use of destructors for reclaiming memory
allocated by the values of terminals and nonterminals on the
right-hand side of a rule.</p>

<a name='precrules'></a>
<h3>Precedence Rules</h3>

<p>Lemon resolves parsing ambiguities in exactly the same way as
yacc and bison.  A shift-reduce conflict is resolved in favor
of the shift, and a reduce-reduce conflict is resolved by reducing
whichever rule comes first in the grammar file.</p>

<p>Just like in
yacc and bison, Lemon allows a measure of control 
over the resolution of paring conflicts using precedence rules.
A precedence value can be assigned to any terminal symbol
using the 
<a href='#pleft'>%left</a>,
<a href='#pright'>%right</a> or
<a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a> directives.  Terminal symbols
mentioned in earlier directives have a lower precedence that
terminal symbols mentioned in later directives.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
................................................................................

<p>Lemon supports the following special directives:
<ul>
<li><tt>%code</tt>
<li><tt>%default_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%default_type</tt>
<li><tt>%destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%endif</tt>
<li><tt>%extra_argument</tt>
<li><tt>%fallback</tt>
<li><tt>%ifdef</tt>
<li><tt>%ifndef</tt>
<li><tt>%include</tt>
<li><tt>%left</tt>
<li><tt>%name</tt>
<li><tt>%nonassoc</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_accept</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_failure </tt>
<li><tt>%right</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_overflow</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_size</tt>
<li><tt>%start_symbol</tt>
<li><tt>%syntax_error</tt>
<li><tt>%token_class</tt>
<li><tt>%token_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%token_prefix</tt>
<li><tt>%token_type</tt>
<li><tt>%type</tt>
<li><tt>%wildcard</tt>
</ul>
Each of these directives will be described separately in the
following sections:</p>

<a name='pcode'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%code</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %code directive is used to specify addition C code that
is added to the end of the main output file.  This is similar to

the <a href='#pinclude'>%include</a> directive except that %include
is inserted at the beginning of the main output file.</p>

<p>%code is typically used to include some action routines or perhaps
a tokenizer or even the "main()" function 
as part of the output file.</p>

<a name='default_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_destructor directive specifies a destructor to 
use for non-terminals that do not have their own destructor
specified by a separate %destructor directive.  See the documentation
on the <a name='#destructor'>%destructor</a> directive below for
additional information.</p>

<p>In some grammers, many different non-terminal symbols have the
same datatype and hence the same destructor.  This directive is
a convenience way to specify the same destructor for all those
non-terminals using a single statement.</p>

<a name='default_type'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_type</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_type directive specifies the datatype of non-terminal
symbols that do no have their own datatype defined using a separate
<a href='#ptype'>%type</a> directive.  
</p>

<a name='destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive is used to specify a destructor for
a non-terminal symbol.
(See also the <a href='#token_destructor'>%token_destructor</a>
directive which is used to specify a destructor for terminal symbols.)</p>

<p>A non-terminal's destructor is called to dispose of the
non-terminal's value whenever the non-terminal is popped from
the stack.  This includes all of the following circumstances:
<ul>
<li> When a rule reduces and the value of a non-terminal on
     the right-hand side is not linked to C code.
................................................................................
<pre>
   %type nt {void*}
   %destructor nt { free($$); }
   nt(A) ::= ID NUM.   { A = malloc( 100 ); }
</pre>
This example is a bit contrived but it serves to illustrate how
destructors work.  The example shows a non-terminal named
"nt" that holds values of type "void*".  When the rule for
an "nt" reduces, it sets the value of the non-terminal to
space obtained from malloc().  Later, when the nt non-terminal
is popped from the stack, the destructor will fire and call
free() on this malloced space, thus avoiding a memory leak.
(Note that the symbol "$$" in the destructor code is replaced
by the value of the non-terminal.)</p>

<p>It is important to note that the value of a non-terminal is passed
to the destructor whenever the non-terminal is removed from the
stack, unless the non-terminal is used in a C-code action.  If
the non-terminal is used by C-code, then it is assumed that the
C-code will take care of destroying it.
More commonly, the value is used to build some
larger structure and we don't want to destroy it, which is why
the destructor is not called in this circumstance.</p>

<p>Destructors help avoid memory leaks by automatically freeing
allocated objects when they go out of scope.

To do the same using yacc or bison is much more difficult.</p>

<a name="extraarg"></a>
<h4>The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive</h4>

The %extra_argument directive instructs Lemon to add a 4th parameter
to the parameter list of the Parse() function it generates.  Lemon
................................................................................
and so forth.  For example, if the grammar file contains:</p>

<p><pre>
    %extra_argument { MyStruct *pAbc }
</pre></p>

<p>Then the Parse() function generated will have an 4th parameter
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

<a name='pfallback'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %fallback directive specifies an alternative meaning for one
or more tokens.  The alternative meaning is tried if the original token
would have generated a syntax error.

<p>The %fallback directive was added to support robust parsing of SQL
syntax in <a href="https://www.sqlite.org/">SQLite</a>.
The SQL language contains a large assortment of keywords, each of which
appears as a different token to the language parser.  SQL contains so
many keywords, that it can be difficult for programmers to keep up with
them all.  Programmers will, therefore, sometimes mistakenly use an
obscure language keyword for an identifier.  The %fallback directive
provides a mechanism to tell the parser:  "If you are unable to parse
this keyword, try treating it as an identifier instead."

<p>The syntax of %fallback is as follows:

<blockquote>
<tt>%fallback</tt>  <i>ID</i> <i>TOKEN...</i> <b>.</b>
</blockquote>

<p>In words, the %fallback directive is followed by a list of token names
terminated by a period.  The first token name is the fallback token - the
token to which all the other tokens fall back to.  The second and subsequent
arguments are tokens which fall back to the token identified by the first
argument.

<a name='pifdef'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%ifdef</tt>, <tt>%ifndef</tt>, and <tt>%endif</tt> directives.</h4>

<p>The %ifdef, %ifndef, and %endif directives are similar to
#ifdef, #ifndef, and #endif in the C-preprocessor, just not as general.
Each of these directives must begin at the left margin.  No whitespace
is allowed between the "%" and the directive name.

<p>Grammar text in between "%ifdef MACRO" and the next nested "%endif" is
ignored unless the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.  Grammar text
betwen "%ifndef MACRO" and the next nested "%endif" is included except when
the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.

<p>Note that the argument to %ifdef and %ifndef must be a single 
preprocessor symbol name, not a general expression.  There is no "%else"
directive.


<a name='pinclude'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%include</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %include directive specifies C code that is included at the
top of the generated parser.  You can include any text you want --
the Lemon parser generator copies it blindly.  If you have multiple
%include directives in your grammar file, their values are concatenated

so that all %include code ultimately appears near the top of the
generated parser, in the same order as it appeared in the grammer.</p>

<p>The %include directive is very handy for getting some extra #include
preprocessor statements at the beginning of the generated parser.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %include {#include &lt;unistd.h&gt;}
</pre></p>

<p>This might be needed, for example, if some of the C actions in the
grammar call functions that are prototyed in unistd.h.</p>

<a name='pleft'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%left</tt> directive</h4>

The %left directive is used (along with the <a href='#pright'>%right</a> and
<a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a> directives) to declare precedences of 
terminal symbols.  Every terminal symbol whose name appears after
a %left directive but before the next period (".") is
given the same left-associative precedence value.  Subsequent
%left directives have higher precedence.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
................................................................................
directive.</p>

<p>LALR(1) grammars can get into a situation where they require
a large amount of stack space if you make heavy use or right-associative
operators.  For this reason, it is recommended that you use %left
rather than %right whenever possible.</p>

<a name='pname'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%name</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the functions generated by Lemon all begin with the
five-character string "Parse".  You can change this string to something
different using the %name directive.  For instance:</p>

<p><pre>
   %name Abcde
</pre></p>

<p>Putting this directive in the grammar file will cause Lemon to generate
................................................................................
<li> AbcdeTrace(), and
<li> Abcde().
</ul>
The %name directive allows you to generator two or more different
parsers and link them all into the same executable.
</p>

<a name='pnonassoc'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%nonassoc</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign non-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>
or on the <a href='#pleft'>%left</a> directive for additional information.</p>

<a name='parse_accept'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_accept</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_accept directive specifies a block of C code that is
executed whenever the parser accepts its input string.  To "accept"
an input string means that the parser was able to process all tokens
without error.</p>

<p>For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %parse_accept {
      printf("parsing complete!\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='parse_failure'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_failure</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_failure directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed whenever the parser fails complete.  This code is not
executed until the parser has tried and failed to resolve an input
error using is usual error recovery strategy.  The routine is
only invoked when parsing is unable to continue.</p>
................................................................................

<p><pre>
   %parse_failure {
     fprintf(stderr,"Giving up.  Parser is hopelessly lost...\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='pright'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%right</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign right-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>
or on the <a href='#pleft'>%left</a> directive for additional information.</p>

<a name='stack_overflow'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_overflow</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %stack_overflow directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed if the parser's internal stack ever overflows.  Typically
this just prints an error message.  After a stack overflow, the parser
will be unable to continue and must be reset.</p>

................................................................................
</pre>
Not like this:
<pre>
   list ::= element list.      // right-recursion.  Bad!
   list ::= .
</pre>

<a name='stack_size'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_size</tt> directive</h4>

<p>If stack overflow is a problem and you can't resolve the trouble
by using left-recursion, then you might want to increase the size
of the parser's stack using this directive.  Put an positive integer
after the %stack_size directive and Lemon will generate a parse
with a stack of the requested size.  The default value is 100.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_size 2000
</pre></p>

<a name='start_symbol'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%start_symbol</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the start-symbol for the grammar that Lemon generates
is the first non-terminal that appears in the grammar file.  But you
can choose a different start-symbol using the %start_symbol directive.</p>

<p><pre>
   %start_symbol  prog
</pre></p>

<a name='token_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive assigns a destructor to a non-terminal
symbol.  (See the description of the %destructor directive above.)
This directive does the same thing for all terminal symbols.</p>

<p>Unlike non-terminal symbols which may each have a different data type
for their values, terminals all use the same data type (defined by
the %token_type directive) and so they use a common destructor.  Other
than that, the token destructor works just like the non-terminal
destructors.</p>

<a name='token_prefix'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_prefix</tt> directive</h4>

<p>Lemon generates #defines that assign small integer constants
to each terminal symbol in the grammar.  If desired, Lemon will
add a prefix specified by this directive
to each of the #defines it generates.
So if the default output of Lemon looked like this:
................................................................................
<pre>
    #define TOKEN_AND        1
    #define TOKEN_MINUS      2
    #define TOKEN_OR         3
    #define TOKEN_PLUS       4
</pre>

<a name='token_type'></a><a name='ptype'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_type</tt> and <tt>%type</tt> directives</h4>

<p>These directives are used to specify the data types for values
on the parser's stack associated with terminal and non-terminal
symbols.  The values of all terminal symbols must be of the same
type.  This turns out to be the same data type as the 3rd parameter
to the Parse() function generated by Lemon.  Typically, you will
................................................................................
token structure.  Like this:</p>

<p><pre>
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is "int".</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type  of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse-tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
................................................................................
on what the corresponding non-terminal or terminal symbol is.  But
the grammar designer should keep in mind that the size of the union
will be the size of its largest element.  So if you have a single
non-terminal whose data type requires 1K of storage, then your 100
entry parser stack will require 100K of heap space.  If you are willing
and able to pay that price, fine.  You just need to know.</p>

<a name='pwildcard'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%wildcard</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %wildcard directive is followed by a single token name and a
period.  This directive specifies that the identified token should 
match any input token.

<p>When the generated parser has the choice of matching an input against
the wildcard token and some other token, the other token is always used.
The wildcard token is only matched if there are no other alternatives.

<h3>Error Processing</h3>

<p>After extensive experimentation over several years, it has been
discovered that the error recovery strategy used by yacc is about
as good as it gets.  And so that is what Lemon uses.</p>

<p>When a Lemon-generated parser encounters a syntax error, it
first invokes the code specified by the %syntax_error directive, if
any.  It then enters its error recovery strategy.  The error recovery
strategy is to begin popping the parsers stack until it enters a
state where it is permitted to shift a special non-terminal symbol
named "error".  It then shifts this non-terminal and continues
parsing.  But the %syntax_error routine will not be called again
until at least three new tokens have been successfully shifted.</p>

<p>If the parser pops its stack until the stack is empty, and it still
is unable to shift the error symbol, then the %parse_failed routine
is invoked and the parser resets itself to its start state, ready
to begin parsing a new file.  This is what will happen at the very
first syntax error, of course, if there are no instances of the 
"error" non-terminal in your grammar.</p>

</body>
</html>

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_index.c.

3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456


3457
3458
3459



3460
3461
3462
3463


3464
3465
3466
3467













3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
....
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911

3912

3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
static int fts5AllocateSegid(Fts5Index *p, Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  int iSegid = 0;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pStruct->nSegment>=FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_FULL;
    }else{
      while( iSegid==0 ){


        int iLvl, iSeg;
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(u32), (void*)&iSegid);
        iSegid = iSegid & ((1 << FTS5_DATA_ID_B)-1);



        for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
          for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg; iSeg++){
            if( iSegid==pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].aSeg[iSeg].iSegid ){
              iSegid = 0;


            }
          }
        }
      }













    }
  }

  return iSegid;
}

/*
................................................................................
  Fts5PageWriter *pLeaf = &pWriter->writer;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pLeaf->pgno>=1 );
    if( pLeaf->buf.n>4 ){
      fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
    }
    *pnLeaf = pLeaf->pgno-1;

    fts5WriteFlushBtree(p, pWriter);

  }
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->term);
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->buf);
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->pgidx);
  fts5BufferFree(&pWriter->btterm);

  for(i=0; i<pWriter->nDlidx; i++){







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3449
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3460
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3465

3466
3467
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3479
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....
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3924
3925
3926
3927
3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935
3936
3937
3938
static int fts5AllocateSegid(Fts5Index *p, Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  int iSegid = 0;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pStruct->nSegment>=FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_FULL;
    }else{
      /* FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT is currently defined as 2000. So the following
      ** array is 63 elements, or 252 bytes, in size.  */
      u32 aUsed[(FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT+31) / 32];
      int iLvl, iSeg;


      int i;
      u32 mask;
      memset(aUsed, 0, sizeof(aUsed));
      for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
        for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg; iSeg++){
          int iId = pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].aSeg[iSeg].iSegid;

          if( iId<=FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT ){
            aUsed[(iId-1) / 32] |= 1 << ((iId-1) % 32);
          }
        }
      }

      for(i=0; aUsed[i]==0xFFFFFFFF; i++);
      mask = aUsed[i];
      for(iSegid=0; mask & (1 << iSegid); iSegid++);
      iSegid += 1 + i*32;

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
        for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg; iSeg++){
          assert( iSegid!=pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].aSeg[iSeg].iSegid );
        }
      }
      assert( iSegid>0 && iSegid<=FTS5_MAX_SEGMENT );
#endif
    }
  }

  return iSegid;
}

/*
................................................................................
  Fts5PageWriter *pLeaf = &pWriter->writer;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pLeaf->pgno>=1 );
    if( pLeaf->buf.n>4 ){
      fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
    }
    *pnLeaf = pLeaf->pgno-1;
    if( pLeaf->pgno>1 ){
      fts5WriteFlushBtree(p, pWriter);
    }
  }
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->term);
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->buf);
  fts5BufferFree(&pLeaf->pgidx);
  fts5BufferFree(&pWriter->btterm);

  for(i=0; i<pWriter->nDlidx; i++){

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_storage.c.

141
142
143
144
145
146
147

148
149
150
151
152
153
154
....
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(pC->db));
      }
    }
  }

  *ppStmt = p->aStmt[eStmt];

  return rc;
}


static int fts5ExecPrintf(
  sqlite3 *db,
  char **pzErr,
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexSetCookie(p->pIndex, iNew);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pConfig->iCookie = iNew;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}









>







 







<
<
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142
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144
145
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147
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150
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153
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1118
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1121
1122
1123
1124


      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(pC->db));
      }
    }
  }

  *ppStmt = p->aStmt[eStmt];
  sqlite3_reset(*ppStmt);
  return rc;
}


static int fts5ExecPrintf(
  sqlite3 *db,
  char **pzErr,
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexSetCookie(p->pIndex, iNew);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pConfig->iCookie = iNew;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}


Changes to ext/fts5/tool/fts5txt2db.tcl.

13
14
15
16
17
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19

20
21
22
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26
...
210
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228
    {fts5                 "use fts5 (this is the default)"}
    {fts4                 "use fts4"}
    {colsize   "10 10 10" "list of column sizes"}
    {tblname   "t1"       "table name to create"}
    {detail    "full"     "Fts5 detail mode to use"}
    {repeat    1          "Load each file this many times"}
    {prefix    ""         "Fts prefix= option"}

    database
    file...
  } {
  This script is designed to create fts4/5 tables with more than one column.
  The -colsize option should be set to a Tcl list of integer values, one for
  each column in the table. Each value is the number of tokens that will be
  inserted into the column value for each row. For example, setting the -colsize
................................................................................
set cols [create_table]
set sql "INSERT INTO $A(tblname) VALUES(\$R([lindex $cols 0])"
foreach c [lrange $cols 1 end] {
  append sql ", \$R($c)"
}
append sql ")"

db eval BEGIN
  while {$i < $N} {
    foreach c $cols s $A(colsize) {
      set R($c) [lrange $tokens $i [expr $i+$s-1]]
      incr i $s
    }
    db eval $sql
  }
db eval COMMIT










>







 







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13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
...
211
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213
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215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
    {fts5                 "use fts5 (this is the default)"}
    {fts4                 "use fts4"}
    {colsize   "10 10 10" "list of column sizes"}
    {tblname   "t1"       "table name to create"}
    {detail    "full"     "Fts5 detail mode to use"}
    {repeat    1          "Load each file this many times"}
    {prefix    ""         "Fts prefix= option"}
    {trans     1          "True to use a transaction"}
    database
    file...
  } {
  This script is designed to create fts4/5 tables with more than one column.
  The -colsize option should be set to a Tcl list of integer values, one for
  each column in the table. Each value is the number of tokens that will be
  inserted into the column value for each row. For example, setting the -colsize
................................................................................
set cols [create_table]
set sql "INSERT INTO $A(tblname) VALUES(\$R([lindex $cols 0])"
foreach c [lrange $cols 1 end] {
  append sql ", \$R($c)"
}
append sql ")"

if {$A(trans)} { db eval BEGIN }
  while {$i < $N} {
    foreach c $cols s $A(colsize) {
      set R($c) [lrange $tokens $i [expr $i+$s-1]]
      incr i $s
    }
    db eval $sql
  }
if {$A(trans)} { db eval COMMIT }



Changes to ext/rbu/rbu1.test.

607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 4);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - invalid rbu_control value}

       9 {
         CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 2);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - invalid rbu_control value}

       10 {
         CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 2);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - no such table: t1}







|







607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 4);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - invalid rbu_control value}

       9 {
         CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - invalid rbu_control value}

       10 {
         CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
         CREATE TABLE rbu.data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
         INSERT INTO rbu.data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 2);
       } {SQLITE_ERROR - no such table: t1}

Changes to ext/rbu/rbudiff.test.

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
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41
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47

48
49
50
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53





















54
55
56
57
58
59
60
#
if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
}
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix rbudiff

if {$tcl_platform(platform)=="windows"} {
  set PROG "sqldiff.exe"
} else {
  set PROG "./sqldiff"
}
if {![file exe $PROG]} {
  puts "rbudiff.test cannot run because $PROG is not available"
  finish_test
  return
}
db close

proc get_rbudiff_sql {db1 db2} {
  exec $::PROG --rbu $db1 $db2
}

proc step_rbu {target rbu} {
................................................................................
    rbu close
    if {$rc != "SQLITE_OK"} break
  }
  set rc
}

proc apply_rbudiff {sql target} {

  forcedelete rbu.db
  sqlite3 rbudb rbu.db
  rbudb eval $sql
  rbudb close
  step_rbu $target rbu.db
}






















proc rbudiff_cksum {db1} {
  set txt ""

  sqlite3 dbtmp $db1
  foreach tbl [dbtmp eval {SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table'}] {
    set cols [list]







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#
if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
}
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix rbudiff




set PROG [test_find_sqldiff]






db close

proc get_rbudiff_sql {db1 db2} {
  exec $::PROG --rbu $db1 $db2
}

proc step_rbu {target rbu} {
................................................................................
    rbu close
    if {$rc != "SQLITE_OK"} break
  }
  set rc
}

proc apply_rbudiff {sql target} {
  test_rbucount $sql
  forcedelete rbu.db
  sqlite3 rbudb rbu.db
  rbudb eval $sql
  rbudb close
  step_rbu $target rbu.db
}

# The only argument is the output of an [sqldiff -rbu] run. This command
# tests that the contents of the rbu_count table is correct. An exception
# is thrown if it is not.
#
proc test_rbucount {sql} {
  sqlite3 tmpdb ""
  tmpdb eval $sql
  tmpdb eval {
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE name LIKE 'data%' AND type='table'
  } {
    set a [tmpdb eval "SELECT count(*) FROM $name"]
    set b [tmpdb eval {SELECT cnt FROM rbu_count WHERE tbl = $name}]
    if {$a != $b} { 
      tmpdb close
      error "rbu_count error - tbl = $name" 
    }
  }
  tmpdb close
  return ""
}

proc rbudiff_cksum {db1} {
  set txt ""

  sqlite3 dbtmp $db1
  foreach tbl [dbtmp eval {SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table'}] {
    set cols [list]

Added ext/rbu/rbuprogress.test.































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2016 March 18
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#

source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rbu_common.tcl]
set ::testprefix rbuprogress


proc create_db_file {filename sql} {
  forcedelete $filename
  sqlite3 tmpdb $filename  
  tmpdb eval $sql
  tmpdb close
}

# Create a simple RBU database. That expects to write to a table:
#
#   CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
#
proc create_rbu1 {filename} {
  create_db_file $filename {
    CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
    INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 3, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(2, 'two', 'three', 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(3, NULL, 8.2, 0);

    CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
    INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 3);
  }
  return $filename
}


do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
}

do_test 1.1 {
  create_rbu1 rbu.db
  sqlite3rbu rbu test.db rbu.db
  rbu bp_progress
} {0 0}
do_test 1.2 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {3333 0}
do_test 1.3 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {6666 0}
do_test 1.4 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 0}
do_test 1.5 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 0}
do_test 1.6 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 0}
do_test 1.7 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 5000}
do_test 1.8 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 10000}
do_test 1.9 { rbu step ; rbu bp_progress } {10000 10000}

do_test 1.10 {
  rbu close
} {SQLITE_DONE}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
proc do_sp_test {tn bReopen target rbu reslist} {
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [subst -nocommands {
    if {$bReopen==0} { sqlite3rbu rbu $target $rbu }
    set res [list]
    while 1 {
      if {$bReopen} { sqlite3rbu rbu $target $rbu }
      set rc [rbu step]
      if {[set rc] != "SQLITE_OK"} { rbu close ; error "error 1" }
      lappend res [lindex [rbu bp_progress] 0]
      if {[lindex [set res] end]==10000} break
      if {$bReopen} { rbu close }
    }
    if {[set res] != [list $reslist]} {
      rbu close
      error "1. reslist incorrect (expect=$reslist got=[set res])"
    }

    # One step to clean up the temporary tables used to update the only
    # target table in the rbu database. And one more to move the *-oal 
    # file to *-wal. After each of these steps, the progress remains
    # at "10000 0".
    #
    if {[lindex [list $reslist] 0]!=-1} {
      rbu step
      set res [rbu bp_progress]
      if {[set res] != [list 10000 0]} {
        rbu close
        error "2. reslist incorrect (expect=10000 0 got=[set res])"
      }
    }

    rbu step
    set res [rbu bp_progress]
    if {[set res] != [list 10000 0]} {
      rbu close
      error "3. reslist incorrect (expect=10000 0 got=[set res])"
    }

    # Do the checkpoint.
    while {[rbu step]=="SQLITE_OK"} { 
      foreach {a b} [rbu bp_progress] {}
      if {[set a]!=10000 || [set b]<=0 || [set b]>10000} {
        rbu close
        error "4. reslist incorrect (expect=10000 1..10000 got=[set a] [set b])"
      }
    }

    set res [rbu bp_progress]
    if {[set res] != [list 10000 10000]} {
      rbu close
      error "5. reslist is incorrect (expect=10000 10000 got=[set res])"
    }

    rbu close
  }] {SQLITE_DONE}]
}

foreach {bReopen} { 0 1 } {
  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.1.0 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(4, 4, 4, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(5, 5, 5, 0);
  
      CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 2);
    }
  } {}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.1.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {5000 10000}
  
  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.2.0 {
    execsql { CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c) }
    create_rbu1 rbu.db
  } {rbu.db}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.2.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {3333 6666 10000}
  
  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.3.0 {
    execsql { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3, 3);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(4, 4, 4, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(2, NULL, NULL, 1);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(5, NULL, NULL, 1);
  
      CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 3);
    }
  } {}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.3.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {1666 3333 6000 8000 10000}
  
  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.4.0 {
    execsql { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3, 3);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(2, 4, 4, '.xx');
  
      CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 1);
    }
  } {}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.4.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {3333 6666 10000}
  
  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.5.0 {
    execsql { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3, 3);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(4, NULL, 4, '.xx');
  
      CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 1);
    }
  } {}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.5.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {10000}

  reset_db
  do_test 2.$bReopen.6.0 {
    execsql { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3, 3);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(4, 4, 4, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(2, NULL, NULL, 1);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(5, NULL, NULL, 1);
    }
  } {}
  do_sp_test 2.$bReopen.6.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db {-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 10000}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests verify that the API works when resuming an update
# during the incremental checkpoint stage.
#
proc do_phase2_test {tn bReopen target rbu nStep} {
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [subst -nocommands {

    # Build the OAL/WAL file:
    sqlite3rbu rbu $target $rbu
    while {[lindex [rbu bp_progress] 0]<10000} { 
      set rc [rbu step]
      if {"SQLITE_OK" != [set rc]} { rbu close }
    }

    # Clean up the temp tables and move the *-oal file to *-wal.
    rbu step
    rbu step

    for {set i 0} {[set i] < $nStep} {incr i} {
      if {$bReopen} {
        rbu close
        sqlite3rbu rbu $target $rbu
      }
      rbu step
      set res [rbu bp_progress]
      set expect [expr (1 + [set i]) * 10000 / $nStep]
      if {[lindex [set res] 1] != [set expect]} {
        error "Have [set res], expected 10000 [set expect]"
      }
    }

    set rc [rbu step]
    if {[set rc] != "SQLITE_DONE"} {
      error "Have [set rc], expected SQLITE_DONE" 
    }

    rbu close
  }] {SQLITE_DONE}]
}

foreach bReopen {0 1} {
  do_test 3.$bReopen.1.0 {
    reset_db
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
      CREATE TABLE t3(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
      CREATE TABLE t4(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
    }
    create_db_file rbu.db {
      CREATE TABLE data_t1(a, b, rbu_control);
      CREATE TABLE data_t2(a, b, rbu_control);
      CREATE TABLE data_t3(a, b, rbu_control);
      CREATE TABLE data_t4(a, b, rbu_control);
      INSERT INTO data_t1 VALUES(1, 2, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(1, 2, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t3 VALUES(1, 2, 0);
      INSERT INTO data_t4 VALUES(1, 2, 0);
  
      CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t1', 1);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t2', 1);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t3', 1);
      INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_t4', 1);
    }
  } {}
  do_phase2_test 3.$bReopen.1.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db 5
}


foreach {bReopen} { 0 1 } {
  foreach {tn tbl} {
    ipk { CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c) }
    wr  { CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b, c) WITHOUT ROWID }
    pk  { CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b, c) }
  } {

    foreach {tn2 rbusql r1 r3} {
      1 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(15, 15, 15, 0);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(20, 20, 20, 0);
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 2); 
      } 
      {2500 5000 7500 10000}
      {1666 3333 5000 6666 8333 10000}

      2 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(10, 10, 10, 2);
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 1); 
      } 
      {3333 6666 10000}
      {2000 4000 6000 8000 10000}

      3 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(7, 7, 7, 2);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(10, 10, 10, 2);
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 2); 
      } 
      {2500 4000 6000 8000 10000}
      {1666 2500 3750 5000 6250 7500 8750 10000}

    } {

      reset_db ; execsql $tbl
      do_test 4.$tn.$bReopen.$tn2.0 {
        execsql {
          CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5, 5);
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(10, 10, 10);
        }
        create_db_file rbu.db $rbusql
      } {}

      set R(ipk) $r1
      set R(wr) $r1
      set R(pk) $r3
      do_sp_test 4.$tn.$bReopen.$tn2.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db $R($tn)
    }
  }
}

foreach {bReopen} { 0 1 } {
  foreach {tn tbl} {
    nopk { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
      CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
    }
    vtab { 
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(a, b, c);
    }
  } {

    foreach {tn2 rbusql r1 r2} {
      1 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(a, b, c, rbu_rowid, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(15, 15, 15, 4, 0);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(20, 20, 20, 5, 0);
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 2); 
      } 
      {2500 5000 7500 10000}
      {5000 10000}

      2 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(rbu_rowid, a, b, c, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(0, 7, 7, 7, 2);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(2, 10, 10, 10, 2);
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 2); 
      } 
      {2500 4000 6000 8000 10000}
      {5000 10000}

      3 {
        CREATE TABLE data0_t1(rbu_rowid, a, b, c, rbu_control);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(1, NULL, NULL, NULL, 1);
        INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(2, NULL, NULL, 7, '..x');
        CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl, cnt);
        INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data0_t1', 2); 
      } 
      {2500 4000 6000 8000 10000}
      {5000 10000}
    } {

      reset_db ; execsql $tbl
      do_test 5.$tn.$bReopen.$tn2.0 {
        execsql {
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5, 5);
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(10, 10, 10);
        }
        create_db_file rbu.db $rbusql
      } {}

      set R(nopk) $r1
      set R(vtab) $r2
      do_sp_test 5.$tn.$bReopen.$tn2.1 $bReopen test.db rbu.db $R($tn)
    }
  }
}


finish_test

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c.

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** RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.
*/
#define RBU_STATE_STAGE       1
#define RBU_STATE_TBL         2
#define RBU_STATE_IDX         3
#define RBU_STATE_ROW         4
#define RBU_STATE_PROGRESS    5
#define RBU_STATE_CKPT        6
#define RBU_STATE_COOKIE      7
#define RBU_STATE_OALSZ       8


#define RBU_STAGE_OAL         1
#define RBU_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define RBU_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define RBU_STAGE_DONE        5

................................................................................
  char *zTbl;
  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;

};

struct RbuUpdateStmt {
  char *zMask;                    /* Copy of update mask used with pUpdate */
  sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate;          /* Last update statement (or NULL) */
  RbuUpdateStmt *pNext;
};
................................................................................
  int bCleanup;                   /* True in "cleanup" state */
  const char *zTbl;               /* Name of target db table */
  const char *zDataTbl;           /* Name of rbu db table (or null) */
  const char *zIdx;               /* Name of target db index (or null) */
  int iTnum;                      /* Root page of current object */
  int iPkTnum;                    /* If eType==EXTERNAL, root of PK index */
  int bUnique;                    /* Current index is unique */


  /* Statements created by rbuObjIterPrepareAll() */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in current object */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* Source data */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement for INSERT operations */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDelete;          /* Statement for DELETE ops */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTmpInsert;       /* Insert into rbu_tmp_$zDataTbl */
................................................................................
struct RbuFrame {
  u32 iDbPage;
  u32 iWalFrame;
};

/*
** RBU handle.





































*/
struct sqlite3rbu {
  int eStage;                     /* Value of RBU_STATE_STAGE field */
  sqlite3 *dbMain;                /* target database handle */
  sqlite3 *dbRbu;                 /* rbu database handle */
  char *zTarget;                  /* Path to target db */
  char *zRbu;                     /* Path to rbu db */
................................................................................
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message if rc!=SQLITE_OK */
  int nStep;                      /* Rows processed for current object */
  int nProgress;                  /* Rows processed for all objects */
  RbuObjIter objiter;             /* Iterator for skipping through tbl/idx */
  const char *zVfsName;           /* Name of automatically created rbu vfs */
  rbu_file *pTargetFd;            /* File handle open on target db */
  i64 iOalSz;


  /* The following state variables are used as part of the incremental
  ** checkpoint stage (eStage==RBU_STAGE_CKPT). See comments surrounding
  ** function rbuSetupCheckpoint() for details.  */
  u32 iMaxFrame;                  /* Largest iWalFrame value in aFrame[] */
  u32 mLock;
  int nFrame;                     /* Entries in aFrame[] array */
................................................................................
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memcpy(pIter->abIndexed, pIter->abTblPk, sizeof(u8)*pIter->nTblCol);
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pList, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_list = %Q", pIter->zTbl)
    );
  }


  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pList) ){
    const char *zIdx = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pList, 1);
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;
    if( zIdx==0 ) break;
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
    );
    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
      if( iCid>=0 ) pIter->abIndexed[iCid] = 1;
    }
    rbuFinalize(p, pXInfo);
    bIndex = 1;






  }

  rbuFinalize(p, pList);
  if( bIndex==0 ) pIter->abIndexed = 0;
}


................................................................................
        iOrder++;
      }
    }

    rbuFinalize(p, pStmt);
    rbuObjIterCacheIndexedCols(p, pIter);
    assert( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->abIndexed==0 );

  }

  return p->rc;
}

/*
** This function constructs and returns a pointer to a nul-terminated 
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3rbu *p = sqlite3_user_data(pCtx);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;









  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nVal; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(p->objiter.pTmpInsert, i+1, apVal[i]);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_step(p->objiter.pTmpInsert);
    rc = sqlite3_reset(p->objiter.pTmpInsert);
................................................................................
  RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
  sqlite3_value *pVal;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWriter;
  int i;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( eType!=RBU_DELETE || pIter->zIdx==0 );












  if( eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE || eType==RBU_DELETE ){
    pWriter = pIter->pDelete;
  }else{
    pWriter = pIter->pInsert;
  }

................................................................................
  if( eType ){
    assert( eType==RBU_INSERT     || eType==RBU_DELETE
         || eType==RBU_REPLACE    || eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE
         || eType==RBU_IDX_INSERT || eType==RBU_UPDATE
    );
    assert( eType!=RBU_UPDATE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

    if( pIter->zIdx==0 && eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }
    else if( eType==RBU_REPLACE ){


      if( pIter->zIdx==0 ) rbuStepOneOp(p, RBU_DELETE);

      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ) rbuStepOneOp(p, RBU_INSERT);
    }
    else if( eType!=RBU_UPDATE ){
      rbuStepOneOp(p, eType);
    }
    else{
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate = 0;
      assert( eType==RBU_UPDATE );

      rbuGetUpdateStmt(p, pIter, zMask, &pUpdate);
      if( pUpdate ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nCol; i++){
          char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
          if( pIter->abTblPk[i] || c!='.' ){
................................................................................
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "

          "(%d, %lld) ",
          p->zStateDb,
          RBU_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          RBU_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          RBU_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          RBU_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          RBU_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          RBU_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          RBU_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)p->pTargetFd->iCookie,
          RBU_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz

      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
        pRet->iCookie = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;





      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
  }
  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
................................................................................
*/
static void rbuDeleteVfs(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->zVfsName ){
    sqlite3rbu_destroy_vfs(p->zVfsName);
    p->zVfsName = 0;
  }
}































































































/*
** Open and return a new RBU handle. 
*/
sqlite3rbu *sqlite3rbu_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zRbu,
................................................................................
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pState = rbuLoadState(p);
      assert( pState || p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        if( pState->eStage==0 ){ 
          rbuDeleteOalFile(p);

          p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_OAL;
        }else{
          p->eStage = pState->eStage;

        }
        p->nProgress = pState->nProgress;
        p->iOalSz = pState->iOalSz;
      }
    }
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->eStage!=0 );

................................................................................
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu){
  return pRbu->nProgress;
}





































int sqlite3rbu_savestate(sqlite3rbu *p){
  int rc = p->rc;
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) return SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->eStage>=RBU_STAGE_OAL && p->eStage<=RBU_STAGE_DONE );







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** RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.
*/
#define RBU_STATE_STAGE        1
#define RBU_STATE_TBL          2
#define RBU_STATE_IDX          3
#define RBU_STATE_ROW          4
#define RBU_STATE_PROGRESS     5
#define RBU_STATE_CKPT         6
#define RBU_STATE_COOKIE       7
#define RBU_STATE_OALSZ        8
#define RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP 9

#define RBU_STAGE_OAL         1
#define RBU_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define RBU_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define RBU_STAGE_DONE        5

................................................................................
  char *zTbl;
  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;
  i64 nPhaseOneStep;
};

struct RbuUpdateStmt {
  char *zMask;                    /* Copy of update mask used with pUpdate */
  sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate;          /* Last update statement (or NULL) */
  RbuUpdateStmt *pNext;
};
................................................................................
  int bCleanup;                   /* True in "cleanup" state */
  const char *zTbl;               /* Name of target db table */
  const char *zDataTbl;           /* Name of rbu db table (or null) */
  const char *zIdx;               /* Name of target db index (or null) */
  int iTnum;                      /* Root page of current object */
  int iPkTnum;                    /* If eType==EXTERNAL, root of PK index */
  int bUnique;                    /* Current index is unique */
  int nIndex;                     /* Number of aux. indexes on table zTbl */

  /* Statements created by rbuObjIterPrepareAll() */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in current object */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* Source data */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement for INSERT operations */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDelete;          /* Statement for DELETE ops */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTmpInsert;       /* Insert into rbu_tmp_$zDataTbl */
................................................................................
struct RbuFrame {
  u32 iDbPage;
  u32 iWalFrame;
};

/*
** RBU handle.
**
** nPhaseOneStep:
**   If the RBU database contains an rbu_count table, this value is set to
**   a running estimate of the number of b-tree operations required to 
**   finish populating the *-oal file. This allows the sqlite3_bp_progress()
**   API to calculate the permyriadage progress of populating the *-oal file
**   using the formula:
**
**     permyriadage = (10000 * nProgress) / nPhaseOneStep
**
**   nPhaseOneStep is initialized to the sum of:
**
**     nRow * (nIndex + 1)
**
**   for all source tables in the RBU database, where nRow is the number
**   of rows in the source table and nIndex the number of indexes on the
**   corresponding target database table.
**
**   This estimate is accurate if the RBU update consists entirely of
**   INSERT operations. However, it is inaccurate if:
**
**     * the RBU update contains any UPDATE operations. If the PK specified
**       for an UPDATE operation does not exist in the target table, then
**       no b-tree operations are required on index b-trees. Or if the 
**       specified PK does exist, then (nIndex*2) such operations are
**       required (one delete and one insert on each index b-tree).
**
**     * the RBU update contains any DELETE operations for which the specified
**       PK does not exist. In this case no operations are required on index
**       b-trees.
**
**     * the RBU update contains REPLACE operations. These are similar to
**       UPDATE operations.
**
**   nPhaseOneStep is updated to account for the conditions above during the
**   first pass of each source table. The updated nPhaseOneStep value is
**   stored in the rbu_state table if the RBU update is suspended.
*/
struct sqlite3rbu {
  int eStage;                     /* Value of RBU_STATE_STAGE field */
  sqlite3 *dbMain;                /* target database handle */
  sqlite3 *dbRbu;                 /* rbu database handle */
  char *zTarget;                  /* Path to target db */
  char *zRbu;                     /* Path to rbu db */
................................................................................
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message if rc!=SQLITE_OK */
  int nStep;                      /* Rows processed for current object */
  int nProgress;                  /* Rows processed for all objects */
  RbuObjIter objiter;             /* Iterator for skipping through tbl/idx */
  const char *zVfsName;           /* Name of automatically created rbu vfs */
  rbu_file *pTargetFd;            /* File handle open on target db */
  i64 iOalSz;
  i64 nPhaseOneStep;

  /* The following state variables are used as part of the incremental
  ** checkpoint stage (eStage==RBU_STAGE_CKPT). See comments surrounding
  ** function rbuSetupCheckpoint() for details.  */
  u32 iMaxFrame;                  /* Largest iWalFrame value in aFrame[] */
  u32 mLock;
  int nFrame;                     /* Entries in aFrame[] array */
................................................................................
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memcpy(pIter->abIndexed, pIter->abTblPk, sizeof(u8)*pIter->nTblCol);
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pList, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_list = %Q", pIter->zTbl)
    );
  }

  pIter->nIndex = 0;
  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pList) ){
    const char *zIdx = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pList, 1);
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;
    if( zIdx==0 ) break;
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
    );
    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
      if( iCid>=0 ) pIter->abIndexed[iCid] = 1;
    }
    rbuFinalize(p, pXInfo);
    bIndex = 1;
    pIter->nIndex++;
  }

  if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID ){
    /* "PRAGMA index_list" includes the main PK b-tree */
    pIter->nIndex--;
  }

  rbuFinalize(p, pList);
  if( bIndex==0 ) pIter->abIndexed = 0;
}


................................................................................
        iOrder++;
      }
    }

    rbuFinalize(p, pStmt);
    rbuObjIterCacheIndexedCols(p, pIter);
    assert( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->abIndexed==0 );
    assert( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->nIndex==0 );
  }

  return p->rc;
}

/*
** This function constructs and returns a pointer to a nul-terminated 
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3rbu *p = sqlite3_user_data(pCtx);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;

  assert( sqlite3_value_int(apVal[0])!=0
      || p->objiter.eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL 
      || p->objiter.eType==RBU_PK_NONE 
  );
  if( sqlite3_value_int(apVal[0])!=0 ){
    p->nPhaseOneStep += p->objiter.nIndex;
  }

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nVal; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(p->objiter.pTmpInsert, i+1, apVal[i]);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_step(p->objiter.pTmpInsert);
    rc = sqlite3_reset(p->objiter.pTmpInsert);
................................................................................
  RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
  sqlite3_value *pVal;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWriter;
  int i;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( eType!=RBU_DELETE || pIter->zIdx==0 );
  assert( eType==RBU_DELETE || eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE
       || eType==RBU_INSERT || eType==RBU_IDX_INSERT
  );

  /* If this is a delete, decrement nPhaseOneStep by nIndex. If the DELETE
  ** statement below does actually delete a row, nPhaseOneStep will be
  ** incremented by the same amount when SQL function rbu_tmp_insert()
  ** is invoked by the trigger.  */
  if( eType==RBU_DELETE ){
    p->nPhaseOneStep -= p->objiter.nIndex;
  }

  if( eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE || eType==RBU_DELETE ){
    pWriter = pIter->pDelete;
  }else{
    pWriter = pIter->pInsert;
  }

................................................................................
  if( eType ){
    assert( eType==RBU_INSERT     || eType==RBU_DELETE
         || eType==RBU_REPLACE    || eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE
         || eType==RBU_IDX_INSERT || eType==RBU_UPDATE
    );
    assert( eType!=RBU_UPDATE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

    if( pIter->zIdx==0 && (eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE || eType==RBU_IDX_INSERT) ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }
    else if( eType==RBU_REPLACE ){
      if( pIter->zIdx==0 ){
        p->nPhaseOneStep += p->objiter.nIndex;
        rbuStepOneOp(p, RBU_DELETE);
      }
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ) rbuStepOneOp(p, RBU_INSERT);
    }
    else if( eType!=RBU_UPDATE ){
      rbuStepOneOp(p, eType);
    }
    else{
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate = 0;
      assert( eType==RBU_UPDATE );
      p->nPhaseOneStep -= p->objiter.nIndex;
      rbuGetUpdateStmt(p, pIter, zMask, &pUpdate);
      if( pUpdate ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nCol; i++){
          char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
          if( pIter->abTblPk[i] || c!='.' ){
................................................................................
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld) ",
          p->zStateDb,
          RBU_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          RBU_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          RBU_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          RBU_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          RBU_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          RBU_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          RBU_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)p->pTargetFd->iCookie,
          RBU_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz,
          RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP, p->nPhaseOneStep
      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
        pRet->iCookie = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP:
        pRet->nPhaseOneStep = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
  }
  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
................................................................................
*/
static void rbuDeleteVfs(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->zVfsName ){
    sqlite3rbu_destroy_vfs(p->zVfsName);
    p->zVfsName = 0;
  }
}

/*
** This user-defined SQL function is invoked with a single argument - the
** name of a table expected to appear in the target database. It returns
** the number of auxilliary indexes on the table.
*/
static void rbuIndexCntFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3rbu *p = (sqlite3rbu*)sqlite3_user_data(pCtx);
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  int rc;

  assert( nVal==1 );
  
  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pStmt, &zErrmsg, 
      sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = %Q", sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]))
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErrmsg, -1);
  }else{
    int nIndex = 0;
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      nIndex = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, nIndex);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, sqlite3_errmsg(p->dbMain), -1);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
}

/*
** If the RBU database contains the rbu_count table, use it to initialize
** the sqlite3rbu.nPhaseOneStep variable. The schema of the rbu_count table
** is assumed to contain the same columns as:
**
**   CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl TEXT PRIMARY KEY, cnt INTEGER) WITHOUT ROWID;
**
** There should be one row in the table for each data_xxx table in the
** database. The 'tbl' column should contain the name of a data_xxx table,
** and the cnt column the number of rows it contains.
**
** sqlite3rbu.nPhaseOneStep is initialized to the sum of (1 + nIndex) * cnt
** for all rows in the rbu_count table, where nIndex is the number of 
** indexes on the corresponding target database table.
*/
static void rbuInitPhaseOneSteps(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
    int bExists = 0;                /* True if rbu_count exists */

    p->nPhaseOneStep = -1;

    p->rc = sqlite3_create_function(p->dbRbu, 
        "rbu_index_cnt", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuIndexCntFunc, 0, 0
    );
  
    /* Check for the rbu_count table. If it does not exist, or if an error
    ** occurs, nPhaseOneStep will be left set to -1. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT 1 FROM sqlite_master WHERE tbl_name = 'rbu_count'"
      );
    }
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        bExists = 1;
      }
      p->rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
  
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && bExists ){
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT sum(cnt * (1 + rbu_index_cnt(rbu_target_name(tbl))))"
          "FROM rbu_count"
      );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
          p->nPhaseOneStep = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0);
        }
        p->rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Open and return a new RBU handle. 
*/
sqlite3rbu *sqlite3rbu_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zRbu,
................................................................................
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pState = rbuLoadState(p);
      assert( pState || p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        if( pState->eStage==0 ){ 
          rbuDeleteOalFile(p);
          rbuInitPhaseOneSteps(p);
          p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_OAL;
        }else{
          p->eStage = pState->eStage;
          p->nPhaseOneStep = pState->nPhaseOneStep;
        }
        p->nProgress = pState->nProgress;
        p->iOalSz = pState->iOalSz;
      }
    }
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->eStage!=0 );

................................................................................
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu){
  return pRbu->nProgress;
}

/*
** Return permyriadage progress indications for the two main stages of
** an RBU update.
*/
void sqlite3rbu_bp_progress(sqlite3rbu *p, int *pnOne, int *pnTwo){
  const int MAX_PROGRESS = 10000;
  switch( p->eStage ){
    case RBU_STAGE_OAL:
      if( p->nPhaseOneStep>0 ){
        *pnOne = (int)(MAX_PROGRESS * (i64)p->nProgress/(i64)p->nPhaseOneStep);
      }else{
        *pnOne = -1;
      }
      *pnTwo = 0;
      break;

    case RBU_STAGE_MOVE:
      *pnOne = MAX_PROGRESS;
      *pnTwo = 0;
      break;

    case RBU_STAGE_CKPT:
      *pnOne = MAX_PROGRESS;
      *pnTwo = (int)(MAX_PROGRESS * (i64)p->nStep / (i64)p->nFrame);
      break;

    case RBU_STAGE_DONE:
      *pnOne = MAX_PROGRESS;
      *pnTwo = MAX_PROGRESS;
      break;

    default:
      assert( 0 );
  }
}

int sqlite3rbu_savestate(sqlite3rbu *p){
  int rc = p->rc;
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) return SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->eStage>=RBU_STAGE_OAL && p->eStage<=RBU_STAGE_DONE );

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.h.

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/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu);











































/*
** Create an RBU VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. Or, if the zParent parameter is passed NULL, 
** then the new RBU VFS uses the default system VFS to access the file-system.
** The new object is registered as a non-default VFS with SQLite before 
** returning.
**







>
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396
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/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu);

/*
** Obtain permyriadage (permyriadage is to 10000 as percentage is to 100) 
** progress indications for the two stages of an RBU update. This API may
** be useful for driving GUI progress indicators and similar.
**
** An RBU update is divided into two stages:
**
**   * Stage 1, in which changes are accumulated in an oal/wal file, and
**   * Stage 2, in which the contents of the wal file are copied into the
**     main database.
**
** The update is visible to non-RBU clients during stage 2. During stage 1
** non-RBU reader clients may see the original database.
**
** If this API is called during stage 2 of the update, output variable 
** (*pnOne) is set to 10000 to indicate that stage 1 has finished and (*pnTwo)
** to a value between 0 and 10000 to indicate the permyriadage progress of
** stage 2. A value of 5000 indicates that stage 2 is half finished, 
** 9000 indicates that it is 90% finished, and so on.
**
** If this API is called during stage 1 of the update, output variable 
** (*pnTwo) is set to 0 to indicate that stage 2 has not yet started. The
** value to which (*pnOne) is set depends on whether or not the RBU 
** database contains an "rbu_count" table. The rbu_count table, if it 
** exists, must contain the same columns as the following:
**
**   CREATE TABLE rbu_count(tbl TEXT PRIMARY KEY, cnt INTEGER) WITHOUT ROWID;
**
** There must be one row in the table for each source (data_xxx) table within
** the RBU database. The 'tbl' column should contain the name of the source
** table. The 'cnt' column should contain the number of rows within the
** source table.
**
** If the rbu_count table is present and populated correctly and this
** API is called during stage 1, the *pnOne output variable is set to the
** permyriadage progress of the same stage. If the rbu_count table does
** not exist, then (*pnOne) is set to -1 during stage 1. If the rbu_count
** table exists but is not correctly populated, the value of the *pnOne
** output variable during stage 1 is undefined.
*/
void sqlite3rbu_bp_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu, int *pnOne, int *pnTwo);

/*
** Create an RBU VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. Or, if the zParent parameter is passed NULL, 
** then the new RBU VFS uses the default system VFS to access the file-system.
** The new object is registered as a non-default VFS with SQLite before 
** returning.
**

Changes to ext/rbu/test_rbu.c.

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64
65
66
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68

69
70
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75
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138
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    const char *zUsage;
  } aCmd[] = {
    {"step", 2, ""},              /* 0 */
    {"close", 2, ""},             /* 1 */
    {"create_rbu_delta", 2, ""},  /* 2 */
    {"savestate", 2, ""},         /* 3 */
    {"dbMain_eval", 3, "SQL"},    /* 4 */

    {0,0,0}
  };
  int iCmd;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "METHOD");
    return TCL_ERROR;
................................................................................
      int rc = sqlite3_exec(db, Tcl_GetString(objv[2]), 0, 0, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3_errmsg(db), -1));
        ret = TCL_ERROR;
      }
      break;
    }













    default: /* seems unlikely */
      assert( !"cannot happen" );
      break;
  }

  return ret;







>







 







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    const char *zUsage;
  } aCmd[] = {
    {"step", 2, ""},              /* 0 */
    {"close", 2, ""},             /* 1 */
    {"create_rbu_delta", 2, ""},  /* 2 */
    {"savestate", 2, ""},         /* 3 */
    {"dbMain_eval", 3, "SQL"},    /* 4 */
    {"bp_progress", 2, ""},    /* 5 */
    {0,0,0}
  };
  int iCmd;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "METHOD");
    return TCL_ERROR;
................................................................................
      int rc = sqlite3_exec(db, Tcl_GetString(objv[2]), 0, 0, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3_errmsg(db), -1));
        ret = TCL_ERROR;
      }
      break;
    }

    case 5: /* bp_progress */ {
      int one, two;
      Tcl_Obj *pObj;
      sqlite3rbu_bp_progress(pRbu, &one, &two);

      pObj = Tcl_NewObj();
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pObj, Tcl_NewIntObj(one));
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pObj, Tcl_NewIntObj(two));
      Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pObj);
      break;
    }

    default: /* seems unlikely */
      assert( !"cannot happen" );
      break;
  }

  return ret;

Changes to src/expr.c.

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*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
       Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;

       if( ALWAYS(pExpr) ) m |= pExpr->flags;
    }
  }
  return m;
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks used to check expressions to
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }







    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
................................................................................
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);


      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }







    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
................................................................................
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);


      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (pExpr->op==TK_IS) ? TK_NE : TK_EQ;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
................................................................................
/*
** Mark all temporary registers as being unavailable for reuse.
*/
void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse *pParse){
  pParse->nTempReg = 0;
  pParse->nRangeReg = 0;
}






























>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







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>
>
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<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
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>
>
>
>
>







 







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>
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<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
....
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
....
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577













3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
....
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
....
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729













3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
....
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
       Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
       assert( pExpr!=0 );
       m |= pExpr->flags;
    }
  }
  return m;
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks used to check expressions to
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT:
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      jumpIfNull = SQLITE_NULLEQ;
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
................................................................................
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Eq && jumpIfNull==SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Eq && jumpIfNull!=SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne);













      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Ne && jumpIfNull==SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Ne && jumpIfNull!=SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
      op = (pExpr->op==TK_IS) ? TK_NE : TK_EQ;
      jumpIfNull = SQLITE_NULLEQ;
      /* Fall thru */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
................................................................................
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Eq && jumpIfNull!=SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Eq && jumpIfNull==SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne);













      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Ne && jumpIfNull!=SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Ne && jumpIfNull==SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
................................................................................
/*
** Mark all temporary registers as being unavailable for reuse.
*/
void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse *pParse){
  pParse->nTempReg = 0;
  pParse->nRangeReg = 0;
}

/*
** Validate that no temporary register falls within the range of
** iFirst..iLast, inclusive.  This routine is only call from within assert()
** statements.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse *pParse, int iFirst, int iLast){
  int i;
  if( pParse->nRangeReg>0
   && pParse->iRangeReg+pParse->nRangeReg<iLast
   && pParse->iRangeReg>=iFirst
  ){
     return 0;
  }
  for(i=0; i<pParse->nTempReg; i++){
    if( pParse->aTempReg[i]>=iFirst && pParse->aTempReg[i]<=iLast ){
      return 0;
    }
  }
  return 1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

Changes to src/pcache1.c.

344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
...
361
362
363
364
365
366
367


368
369
370
371

372
373
374
375
376
377
378
  return p;
}

/*
** Free an allocated buffer obtained from pcache1Alloc().
*/
static void pcache1Free(void *p){
  int nFreed = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( SQLITE_WITHIN(p, pcache1.pStart, pcache1.pEnd) ){
    PgFreeslot *pSlot;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusDown(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, 1);
    pSlot = (PgFreeslot*)p;
    pSlot->pNext = pcache1.pFree;
................................................................................
    pcache1.bUnderPressure = pcache1.nFreeSlot<pcache1.nReserve;
    assert( pcache1.nFreeSlot<=pcache1.nSlot );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_PCACHE) );
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS


    nFreed = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusDown(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, nFreed);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);

#endif
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/*







<







 







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344
345
346
347
348
349
350

351
352
353
354
355
356
357
...
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
  return p;
}

/*
** Free an allocated buffer obtained from pcache1Alloc().
*/
static void pcache1Free(void *p){

  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( SQLITE_WITHIN(p, pcache1.pStart, pcache1.pEnd) ){
    PgFreeslot *pSlot;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusDown(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, 1);
    pSlot = (PgFreeslot*)p;
    pSlot->pNext = pcache1.pFree;
................................................................................
    pcache1.bUnderPressure = pcache1.nFreeSlot<pcache1.nReserve;
    assert( pcache1.nFreeSlot<=pcache1.nSlot );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_PCACHE) );
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS
    {
      int nFreed = 0;
      nFreed = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
      sqlite3StatusDown(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, nFreed);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);
    }
#endif
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/*

Changes to src/pragma.c.

1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443


1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
....
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465

1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
....
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
....
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517

1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524

    /* Do an integrity check on each database file */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      HashElem *x;
      Hash *pTbls;
      int *aRoot;
      int cnt = 0;



      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); /* Halt if out of errors */
      VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) cnt++;
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){ cnt++; }

      }
      aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(cnt+1));
      if( aRoot==0 ) break;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) aRoot[cnt++] = pTab->tnum;
................................................................................
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          aRoot[cnt++] = pIdx->tnum;
        }
      }
      aRoot[cnt] = 0;

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, 14 );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1, (char*)aRoot,P4_INTARRAY);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead, 0,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        /* Verify that all NOT NULL columns really are NOT NULL */
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          char *zErr;
          int jmp2, jmp3;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;







>
>







 







|
>







 







|







 







|
>







1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
....
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
....
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
....
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528

    /* Do an integrity check on each database file */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      HashElem *x;
      Hash *pTbls;
      int *aRoot;
      int cnt = 0;
      int mxIdx = 0;
      int nIdx;

      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); /* Halt if out of errors */
      VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) cnt++;
        for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){ cnt++; }
        if( nIdx>mxIdx ) mxIdx = nIdx;
      }
      aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(cnt+1));
      if( aRoot==0 ) break;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) aRoot[cnt++] = pTab->tnum;
................................................................................
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          aRoot[cnt++] = pIdx->tnum;
        }
      }
      aRoot[cnt] = 0;

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, 8+mxIdx );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1, (char*)aRoot,P4_INTARRAY);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead, 0,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        assert( pParse->nMem>=8+j );
        assert( sqlite3NoTempsInRange(pParse,1,7+j) );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        /* Verify that all NOT NULL columns really are NOT NULL */
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          char *zErr;
          int jmp2, jmp3;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422



3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse*,int);
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse*,int,int);
void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);



Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);







>
>
>







3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse*,int);
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse*,int,int);
void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse*,int,int);
#endif
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);

Changes to src/test1.c.

1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933


1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
  /* Call the underlying C function. If an error occurs, set rc to 
  ** TCL_ERROR and load any error string into the interpreter. If no 
  ** error occurs, set rc to TCL_OK.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  zErr = sqlite3_mprintf("this build omits sqlite3_load_extension()");


#else
  rc = sqlite3_load_extension(db, zFile, zProc, &zErr);
#endif
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetResult(interp, zErr ? zErr : "", TCL_VOLATILE);
    rc = TCL_ERROR;
  }else{







>
>







1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
  /* Call the underlying C function. If an error occurs, set rc to 
  ** TCL_ERROR and load any error string into the interpreter. If no 
  ** error occurs, set rc to TCL_OK.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  zErr = sqlite3_mprintf("this build omits sqlite3_load_extension()");
  (void)zProc;
  (void)zFile;
#else
  rc = sqlite3_load_extension(db, zFile, zProc, &zErr);
#endif
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetResult(interp, zErr ? zErr : "", TCL_VOLATILE);
    rc = TCL_ERROR;
  }else{

Changes to src/test_config.c.

74
75
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81
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..
92
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572
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580
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#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "debug", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "debug", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif








#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "direct_read", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "direct_read", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "lfs", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "lfs", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif







#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mmap", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mmap", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tclvar", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tclvar", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "threadsafe", 
      STRINGVALUE(SQLITE_THREADSAFE), TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);




  assert( sqlite3_threadsafe()==SQLITE_THREADSAFE );

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tempdb", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tempdb", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif







>
>
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>
>
>







 







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>







 







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>







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92
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99
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...
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#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "debug", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "debug", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CKPTFULLFSYNC
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "default_ckptfullfsync", 
              SQLITE_DEFAULT_CKPTFULLFSYNC ? "1" : "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "default_ckptfullfsync", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "direct_read", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "direct_read", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "lfs", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "lfs", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "pagecache_overflow_stats","0",TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "pagecache_overflow_stats","1",TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mmap", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "mmap", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tclvar", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tclvar", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "threadsafe", 
      SQLITE_THREADSAFE ? "1" : "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "threadsafe1", 
      SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1 ? "1" : "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "threadsafe2", 
      SQLITE_THREADSAFE==2 ? "1" : "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
  assert( sqlite3_threadsafe()==SQLITE_THREADSAFE );

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tempdb", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "tempdb", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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2137
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2139
2140
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....
2391
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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5683
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....
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....
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....
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....
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6475
  **     different sized allocations. Memory cells provide growable
  **     allocations.
  **
  **   * When using ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT, memory cell buffers can
  **     be freed lazily via the sqlite3_release_memory() API. This
  **     minimizes the number of malloc calls made by the system.
  **
  ** Memory cells for cursors are allocated at the top of the address
  ** space. Memory cell (p->nMem) corresponds to cursor 0. Space for
  ** cursor 1 is managed by memory cell (p->nMem-1), etc.
  */
  Mem *pMem = &p->aMem[p->nMem-iCur];

  int nByte;
  VdbeCursor *pCx = 0;
  nByte = 
      ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor)) + 2*sizeof(u32)*nField + 
      (eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE?sqlite3BtreeCursorSize():0);

  assert( iCur<p->nCursor );
  if( p->apCsr[iCur] ){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[iCur]);
    p->apCsr[iCur] = 0;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    p->apCsr[iCur] = pCx = (VdbeCursor*)pMem->z;
    memset(pCx, 0, sizeof(VdbeCursor));
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  return pOut;
}
static Mem *out2Prerelease(Vdbe *p, VdbeOp *pOp){
  Mem *pOut;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &p->aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) ){
    return out2PrereleaseWithClear(pOut);
  }else{
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    return pOut;
................................................................................
#endif

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
    pOrigOp = pOp;
#endif
  
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = (int)(pOp-aOp);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);

................................................................................
** If P2!=0 then the coroutine implementation immediately follows
** this opcode.  So jump over the coroutine implementation to
** address P2.
**
** See also: EndCoroutine
*/
case OP_InitCoroutine: {     /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 &&  pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 && pOp->p3<p->nOp );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) );
  pOut->u.i = pOp->p3 - 1;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  if( pOp->p2 ) goto jump_to_p2;
................................................................................
  pOut->z = pOp->p4.z;
  pOut->n = pOp->p1;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
#ifndef SQLITE_LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    assert( pOp->p3>0 );
    assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
    if( pIn3->u.i ) pOut->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  }
#endif
  break;
}
................................................................................
** OP_Ne or OP_Eq.
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2 */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    pOut->flags = nullFlag;
    cnt--;
................................................................................
**
** Set register P1 to have the value NULL as seen by the OP_MakeRecord
** instruction, but do not free any string or blob memory associated with
** the register, so that if the value was a string or blob that was
** previously copied using OP_SCopy, the copies will continue to be valid.
*/
case OP_SoftNull: {
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut->flags = (pOut->flags|MEM_Null)&~MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
................................................................................
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( n>0 && p1>0 && p2>0 );
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<pOut ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += pOp->p2 - p1;
    }
................................................................................
** the result row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Run the progress counter just before returning.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0
   && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit
   && db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg)!=0
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Function0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pOut = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
  assert( pKeyInfo!=0 );
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( p1>0 && p1+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( p1>0 && p1+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    idx = aPermute ? aPermute[i] : i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p1+idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p2+idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(p1+idx, &aMem[p1+idx]);
................................................................................

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  p2 = pOp->p2;

  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(&pC, &p2);

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB );
................................................................................
  char cAff;               /* A single character of affinity */

  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  nField = pOp->p1;
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+nField<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  pData0 = &aMem[nField];
  nField = pOp->p2;
  pLast = &pData0[nField-1];
  file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-64536-51728 The values for each column in the record
    ** immediately follow the header. */
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( p2>0 );
    assert( p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
      if( p->pFrame ){
        for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
        pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
      }else{
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
        pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
        memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
      }
      assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
      sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
................................................................................
case OP_IdxDelete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
................................................................................
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  nRoot = pOp->p2;
  aRoot = pOp->p4.ai;
  assert( nRoot>0 );
  assert( aRoot[nRoot]==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p5) );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
................................................................................
  if( (pRt->flags&MEM_Frame)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the 
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    nMem = pProgram->nMem + pProgram->nCsr;


    nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))
              + nMem * sizeof(Mem)
              + pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor *)
              + pProgram->nOnce * sizeof(u8);
    pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( !pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
................................................................................
    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem );

    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( (int)(pOp - aOp)==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
................................................................................
  pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;
  pFrame->nDbChange = p->db->nChange;
  assert( pFrame->pAuxData==0 );
  pFrame->pAuxData = p->pAuxData;
  p->pAuxData = 0;
  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[-1];
  p->nMem = pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem+1];
  p->aOp = aOp = pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = pProgram->nOnce;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  p->anExec = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
*/
case OP_AggStep0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pMem = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
** functions that can take varying numbers of arguments.  The
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
  Mem *pMem;
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(pMem));
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->uc.pVCur->pVtab;







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214
...
525
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535
536
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538
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...
663
664
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...
788
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...
828
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842
....
1097
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1111
....
1123
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1128
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....
1144
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....
1211
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....
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....
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....
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....
2391
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....
2634
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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6478
  **     different sized allocations. Memory cells provide growable
  **     allocations.
  **
  **   * When using ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT, memory cell buffers can
  **     be freed lazily via the sqlite3_release_memory() API. This
  **     minimizes the number of malloc calls made by the system.
  **
  ** The memory cell for cursor 0 is aMem[0]. The rest are allocated from
  ** the top of the register space.  Cursor 1 is at Mem[p->nMem-1].
  ** Cursor 2 is at Mem[p->nMem-2]. And so forth.
  */
  Mem *pMem = iCur>0 ? &p->aMem[p->nMem-iCur] : p->aMem;

  int nByte;
  VdbeCursor *pCx = 0;
  nByte = 
      ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeCursor)) + 2*sizeof(u32)*nField + 
      (eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE?sqlite3BtreeCursorSize():0);

  assert( iCur>=0 && iCur<p->nCursor );
  if( p->apCsr[iCur] ){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[iCur]);
    p->apCsr[iCur] = 0;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    p->apCsr[iCur] = pCx = (VdbeCursor*)pMem->z;
    memset(pCx, 0, sizeof(VdbeCursor));
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  return pOut;
}
static Mem *out2Prerelease(Vdbe *p, VdbeOp *pOp){
  Mem *pOut;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &p->aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) ){
    return out2PrereleaseWithClear(pOut);
  }else{
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    return pOut;
................................................................................
#endif

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
    pOrigOp = pOp;
#endif
  
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = (int)(pOp-aOp);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);

................................................................................
** If P2!=0 then the coroutine implementation immediately follows
** this opcode.  So jump over the coroutine implementation to
** address P2.
**
** See also: EndCoroutine
*/
case OP_InitCoroutine: {     /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 &&  pOp->p1<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 && pOp->p3<p->nOp );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) );
  pOut->u.i = pOp->p3 - 1;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  if( pOp->p2 ) goto jump_to_p2;
................................................................................
  pOut->z = pOp->p4.z;
  pOut->n = pOp->p1;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
#ifndef SQLITE_LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    assert( pOp->p3>0 );
    assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
    if( pIn3->u.i ) pOut->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  }
#endif
  break;
}
................................................................................
** OP_Ne or OP_Eq.
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2 */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    pOut->flags = nullFlag;
    cnt--;
................................................................................
**
** Set register P1 to have the value NULL as seen by the OP_MakeRecord
** instruction, but do not free any string or blob memory associated with
** the register, so that if the value was a string or blob that was
** previously copied using OP_SCopy, the copies will continue to be valid.
*/
case OP_SoftNull: {
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut->flags = (pOut->flags|MEM_Null)&~MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
................................................................................
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( n>0 && p1>0 && p2>0 );
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<pOut ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += pOp->p2 - p1;
    }
................................................................................
** the result row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Run the progress counter just before returning.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0
   && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit
   && db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg)!=0
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Function0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pOut = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
  assert( pKeyInfo!=0 );
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( p1>0 && p1+mx<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+mx<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( p1>0 && p1+n<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+n<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    idx = aPermute ? aPermute[i] : i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p1+idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p2+idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(p1+idx, &aMem[p1+idx]);
................................................................................

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  p2 = pOp->p2;

  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(&pC, &p2);

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB );
................................................................................
  char cAff;               /* A single character of affinity */

  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  nField = pOp->p1;
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+nField<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
  pData0 = &aMem[nField];
  nField = pOp->p2;
  pLast = &pData0[nField-1];
  file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-64536-51728 The values for each column in the record
    ** immediately follow the header. */
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( p2>0 );
    assert( p2<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
      if( p->pFrame ){
        for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
        pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
      }else{
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
        pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
        memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
      }
      assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
      sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
................................................................................
case OP_IdxDelete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
................................................................................
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  nRoot = pOp->p2;
  aRoot = pOp->p4.ai;
  assert( nRoot>0 );
  assert( aRoot[nRoot]==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p5) );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
................................................................................
  if( (pRt->flags&MEM_Frame)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the 
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    nMem = pProgram->nMem + pProgram->nCsr;
    assert( nMem>0 );
    if( pProgram->nCsr==0 ) nMem++;
    nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))
              + nMem * sizeof(Mem)
              + pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor *)
              + pProgram->nOnce * sizeof(u8);
    pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( !pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
................................................................................
    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem 
        || (pProgram->nCsr==0 && pProgram->nMem+1==pFrame->nChildMem) );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( (int)(pOp - aOp)==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
................................................................................
  pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;
  pFrame->nDbChange = p->db->nChange;
  assert( pFrame->pAuxData==0 );
  pFrame->pAuxData = p->pAuxData;
  p->pAuxData = 0;
  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = VdbeFrameMem(pFrame);
  p->nMem = pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem];
  p->aOp = aOp = pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = pProgram->nOnce;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  p->anExec = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
*/
case OP_AggStep0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pMem = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
** functions that can take varying numbers of arguments.  The
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
  Mem *pMem;
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(pMem));
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->eCurType==CURTYPE_VTAB );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem+1 - p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->uc.pVCur->pVtab;

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
....
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878

1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
....
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
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1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
....
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
....
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
  */
  assert( p->nOp>0 );

  /* Set the magic to VDBE_MAGIC_RUN sooner rather than later. */
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_RUN;

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=1; i<p->nMem; i++){
    assert( p->aMem[i].db==p->db );
  }
#endif
  p->pc = -1;
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  p->nChange = 0;
................................................................................
  nVar = pParse->nVar;
  nMem = pParse->nMem;
  nCursor = pParse->nTab;
  nArg = pParse->nMaxArg;
  nOnce = pParse->nOnce;
  if( nOnce==0 ) nOnce = 1; /* Ensure at least one byte in p->aOnceFlag[] */
  
  /* For each cursor required, also allocate a memory cell. Memory
  ** cells (nMem+1-nCursor)..nMem, inclusive, will never be used by
  ** the vdbe program. Instead they are used to allocate memory for
  ** VdbeCursor/BtCursor structures. The blob of memory associated with 
  ** cursor 0 is stored in memory cell nMem. Memory cell (nMem-1)
  ** stores the blob of memory associated with cursor 1, etc.
  **
  ** See also: allocateCursor().
  */
  nMem += nCursor;


  /* Figure out how much reusable memory is available at the end of the
  ** opcode array.  This extra memory will be reallocated for other elements
  ** of the prepared statement.
  */
  n = ROUND8(sizeof(Op)*p->nOp);              /* Bytes of opcode memory used */
  x.pSpace = &((u8*)p->aOp)[n];               /* Unused opcode memory */
................................................................................
    }
  }
  p->nzVar = pParse->nzVar;
  p->azVar = pParse->azVar;
  pParse->nzVar =  0;
  pParse->azVar = 0;
  if( p->aMem ){
    p->aMem--;                      /* aMem[] goes from 1..nMem */
    p->nMem = nMem;                 /*       not from 0..nMem-1 */
    for(n=1; n<=nMem; n++){
      p->aMem[n].flags = MEM_Undefined;
      p->aMem[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  p->explain = pParse->explain;
  sqlite3VdbeRewind(p);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
    p->pFrame = 0;
    p->nFrame = 0;
  }
  assert( p->nFrame==0 );
  closeCursorsInFrame(p);
  if( p->aMem ){
    releaseMemArray(&p->aMem[1], p->nMem);
  }
  while( p->pDelFrame ){
    VdbeFrame *pDel = p->pDelFrame;
    p->pDelFrame = pDel->pParent;
    sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(pDel);
  }

................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Execute assert() statements to ensure that the Vdbe.apCsr[] and 
  ** Vdbe.aMem[] arrays have already been cleaned up.  */
  int i;
  if( p->apCsr ) for(i=0; i<p->nCursor; i++) assert( p->apCsr[i]==0 );
  if( p->aMem ){
    for(i=1; i<=p->nMem; i++) assert( p->aMem[i].flags==MEM_Undefined );
  }
#endif

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = 0;
  p->pResultSet = 0;
}







|







 







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|
|
<
<
<
<



>







 







<
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1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
....
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871




1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
....
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936

1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
....
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
....
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
  */
  assert( p->nOp>0 );

  /* Set the magic to VDBE_MAGIC_RUN sooner rather than later. */
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_RUN;

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<p->nMem; i++){
    assert( p->aMem[i].db==p->db );
  }
#endif
  p->pc = -1;
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  p->nChange = 0;
................................................................................
  nVar = pParse->nVar;
  nMem = pParse->nMem;
  nCursor = pParse->nTab;
  nArg = pParse->nMaxArg;
  nOnce = pParse->nOnce;
  if( nOnce==0 ) nOnce = 1; /* Ensure at least one byte in p->aOnceFlag[] */
  
  /* Each cursor uses a memory cell.  The first cursor (cursor 0) can
  ** use aMem[0] which is not otherwise used by the VDBE program.  Allocate
  ** space at the end of aMem[] for cursors 1 and greater.




  ** See also: allocateCursor().
  */
  nMem += nCursor;
  if( nCursor==0 && nMem>0 ) nMem++;  /* Space for aMem[0] even if not used */

  /* Figure out how much reusable memory is available at the end of the
  ** opcode array.  This extra memory will be reallocated for other elements
  ** of the prepared statement.
  */
  n = ROUND8(sizeof(Op)*p->nOp);              /* Bytes of opcode memory used */
  x.pSpace = &((u8*)p->aOp)[n];               /* Unused opcode memory */
................................................................................
    }
  }
  p->nzVar = pParse->nzVar;
  p->azVar = pParse->azVar;
  pParse->nzVar =  0;
  pParse->azVar = 0;
  if( p->aMem ){

    p->nMem = nMem;
    for(n=0; n<nMem; n++){
      p->aMem[n].flags = MEM_Undefined;
      p->aMem[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  p->explain = pParse->explain;
  sqlite3VdbeRewind(p);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
    p->pFrame = 0;
    p->nFrame = 0;
  }
  assert( p->nFrame==0 );
  closeCursorsInFrame(p);
  if( p->aMem ){
    releaseMemArray(p->aMem, p->nMem);
  }
  while( p->pDelFrame ){
    VdbeFrame *pDel = p->pDelFrame;
    p->pDelFrame = pDel->pParent;
    sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(pDel);
  }

................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Execute assert() statements to ensure that the Vdbe.apCsr[] and 
  ** Vdbe.aMem[] arrays have already been cleaned up.  */
  int i;
  if( p->apCsr ) for(i=0; i<p->nCursor; i++) assert( p->apCsr[i]==0 );
  if( p->aMem ){
    for(i=0; i<p->nMem; i++) assert( p->aMem[i].flags==MEM_Undefined );
  }
#endif

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = 0;
  p->pResultSet = 0;
}

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
**
** This is used for testing and debugging only - to make sure shallow
** copies are not misused.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe *pVdbe, Mem *pMem){
  int i;
  Mem *pX;
  for(i=1, pX=&pVdbe->aMem[1]; i<=pVdbe->nMem; i++, pX++){
    if( pX->pScopyFrom==pMem ){
      pX->flags |= MEM_Undefined;
      pX->pScopyFrom = 0;
    }
  }
  pMem->pScopyFrom = 0;
}







|







757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
**
** This is used for testing and debugging only - to make sure shallow
** copies are not misused.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe *pVdbe, Mem *pMem){
  int i;
  Mem *pX;
  for(i=0, pX=pVdbe->aMem; i<pVdbe->nMem; i++, pX++){
    if( pX->pScopyFrom==pMem ){
      pX->flags |= MEM_Undefined;
      pX->pScopyFrom = 0;
    }
  }
  pMem->pScopyFrom = 0;
}

Changes to test/capi3.test.

922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937






938
939
940
941

942
943
944
945
946
947
948
} {0 {}}
do_test capi3-11.9.3 {
  sqlite3_get_autocommit $DB
} 1
do_test capi3-11.10 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}
ifcapable !autoreset {
  # If SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET is defined, then the statement must be
  # reset() before it can be passed to step() again.
  do_test capi3-11.11a { sqlite3_step $STMT } {SQLITE_MISUSE}
  do_test capi3-11.11b { sqlite3_reset $STMT } {SQLITE_ABORT}
}
do_test capi3-11.11 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_DONE}






do_test capi3-11.12 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}

do_test capi3-11.13 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_OK}
do_test capi3-11.14 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a FROM t2;
  }







<
<
<
<
<
<



>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
|
>







922
923
924
925
926
927
928






929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
} {0 {}}
do_test capi3-11.9.3 {
  sqlite3_get_autocommit $DB
} 1
do_test capi3-11.10 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}






do_test capi3-11.11 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_DONE}
ifcapable api_armor {
  do_test capi3-11.12armor {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_MISUSE}
} else {
  do_test capi3-11.12 {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_ROW}
}
do_test capi3-11.13 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_OK}
do_test capi3-11.14 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a FROM t2;
  }

Changes to test/capi3c.test.

861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876






877
878
879
880

881
882
883
884
885
886
887
} {0 {}}
do_test capi3c-11.9.3 {
  sqlite3_get_autocommit $DB
} 1
do_test capi3c-11.10 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}
ifcapable !autoreset {
  # If SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET is defined, then the statement must be
  # reset() before it can be passed to step() again.
  do_test capi3-11.11a { sqlite3_step $STMT } {SQLITE_MISUSE}
  do_test capi3-11.11b { sqlite3_reset $STMT } {SQLITE_ABORT}
}
do_test capi3c-11.11 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_DONE}






do_test capi3c-11.12 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}

do_test capi3c-11.13 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_OK}
do_test capi3c-11.14 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a FROM t2;
  }







<
<
<
<
<
<



>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
|
>







861
862
863
864
865
866
867






868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
} {0 {}}
do_test capi3c-11.9.3 {
  sqlite3_get_autocommit $DB
} 1
do_test capi3c-11.10 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}






do_test capi3c-11.11 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_DONE}
ifcapable api_armor {
  do_test capi3c-11.12armor {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_MISUSE}
} else {
  do_test capi3c-11.12 {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_ROW}
}
do_test capi3c-11.13 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_OK}
do_test capi3c-11.14 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a FROM t2;
  }

Changes to test/exclusive.test.

419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
...
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
  }
} {}
do_test exclusive-5.1 {
  # Three files are open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # (2016-03-04) The statement-journal is now opened lazily
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} [expr 2 - ($TEMP_STORE>=2)]
do_test exclusive-5.2 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
  # One file open: the db.
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
................................................................................
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT a+10, b+10, c+10 FROM abc;
  }
  # Three files are open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # 2016-03-04: The statement-journal open is deferred
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} [expr 2 - ($TEMP_STORE>=2)]
do_test exclusive-5.5 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
  # Three files are still open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # 2016-03-04: The statement-journal open is deferred
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} [expr 2 - ($TEMP_STORE>=2)]
do_test exclusive-5.6 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA locking_mode = normal;
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  }
} {normal 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 12 13 14 15 16 17}
do_test exclusive-5.7 {







|







 







|








|







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  }
} {}
do_test exclusive-5.1 {
  # Three files are open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # (2016-03-04) The statement-journal is now opened lazily
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} {2}
do_test exclusive-5.2 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
  # One file open: the db.
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
................................................................................
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT a+10, b+10, c+10 FROM abc;
  }
  # Three files are open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # 2016-03-04: The statement-journal open is deferred
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} {2}
do_test exclusive-5.5 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
  # Three files are still open: The db, journal and statement-journal.
  # 2016-03-04: The statement-journal open is deferred
  set sqlite_open_file_count
  expr $sqlite_open_file_count-$extrafds
} {2}
do_test exclusive-5.6 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA locking_mode = normal;
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  }
} {normal 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 12 13 14 15 16 17}
do_test exclusive-5.7 {

Changes to test/memsubsys1.test.

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sqlite3_shutdown
sqlite3_config_pagecache [expr 1024+$xtra_size] 20
sqlite3_initialize
reset_highwater_marks
build_test_db memsubsys1-2 {PRAGMA page_size=1024; PRAGMA mmap_size=0}
#show_memstats
set MEMORY_MANAGEMENT $sqlite_options(memorymanage)

ifcapable !malloc_usable_size {
 do_test memsubsys1-2.3 {
    set pg_ovfl [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW 0] 2]
  } [expr ($TEMP_STORE>1 || $MEMORY_MANAGEMENT==0)*1024]

}
do_test memsubsys1-2.4 {
  set pg_used [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED 0] 2]
} 20
do_test memsubsys1-2.5 {
  set s_used [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED 0] 2]
} 0







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sqlite3_shutdown
sqlite3_config_pagecache [expr 1024+$xtra_size] 20
sqlite3_initialize
reset_highwater_marks
build_test_db memsubsys1-2 {PRAGMA page_size=1024; PRAGMA mmap_size=0}
#show_memstats
set MEMORY_MANAGEMENT $sqlite_options(memorymanage)
ifcapable pagecache_overflow_stats {
  ifcapable !malloc_usable_size {
    do_test memsubsys1-2.3 {
      set pg_ovfl [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW 0] 2]
    } [expr ($TEMP_STORE>1 || $MEMORY_MANAGEMENT==0)*1024]
  }
}
do_test memsubsys1-2.4 {
  set pg_used [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED 0] 2]
} 20
do_test memsubsys1-2.5 {
  set s_used [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED 0] 2]
} 0

Changes to test/mutex1.test.

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# Tests mutex1-2.* test the three thread-safety related modes that
# can be selected using sqlite3_config:
#
#   * Serialized mode,
#   * Multi-threaded mode,
#   * Single-threaded mode.
#
ifcapable threadsafe&&shared_cache {
  set enable_shared_cache [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache 1]
  foreach {mode mutexes} {
    singlethread {}
    multithread  {
      fast static_app1 static_app2 static_app3
      static_lru static_master static_mem static_open
      static_prng static_pmem static_vfs1 static_vfs2







|







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# Tests mutex1-2.* test the three thread-safety related modes that
# can be selected using sqlite3_config:
#
#   * Serialized mode,
#   * Multi-threaded mode,
#   * Single-threaded mode.
#
ifcapable threadsafe1&&shared_cache {
  set enable_shared_cache [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache 1]
  foreach {mode mutexes} {
    singlethread {}
    multithread  {
      fast static_app1 static_app2 static_app3
      static_lru static_master static_mem static_open
      static_prng static_pmem static_vfs1 static_vfs2

Changes to test/releasetest.tcl.

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    -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=2
    --enable-json1 --enable-fts5
  }
  "Locking-Style" {
    -O2
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=1
  }
  "OS-X" {
    -O1   # Avoid a compiler bug in gcc 4.2.1 build 5658
    -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1









    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS=0


    -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=2
    -DSQLITE_OS_UNIX=1

    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1=1


    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=1
    -DUSE_PREAD=1


    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS=1
    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE=1000

    -DSQLITE_MAX_LENGTH=2147483645
    -DSQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER=500000

    -DSQLITE_DEBUG=1


    -DSQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING=1


    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR=1



    --enable-json1 --enable-fts5
  }
  "Extra-Robustness" {
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK=1
    -DSQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED=62
  }
  "Devkit" {
................................................................................
    "Secure-Delete"           test
    "Unlock-Notify"           "QUICKTEST_INCLUDE=notify2.test test"
    "Update-Delete-Limit"     test
    "Extra-Robustness"        test
    "Device-Two"              test
    "No-lookaside"            test
    "Devkit"                  test

    "Sanitize"                {QUICKTEST_OMIT=func4.test,nan.test test}
    "Device-One"              fulltest
    "Default"                 "threadtest fulltest"
    "Valgrind"                valgrindtest
  }
  Linux-i686 {
    "Devkit"                  test
................................................................................
    "Device-One"              test
    "Device-Two"              test
    "Default"                 "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  Darwin-i386 {
    "Locking-Style"           "mptest test"
    "Have-Not"                test
    "OS-X"                    "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  Darwin-x86_64 {
    "Locking-Style"           "mptest test"
    "Have-Not"                test
    "OS-X"                    "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  "Windows NT-intel" {
    "Have-Not"                test
    "Default"                 "mptest fulltestonly"
  }
  "Windows NT-amd64" {
    "Have-Not"                test
................................................................................
  # CFLAGS is only passed to gcc.
  #
  set makeOpts ""
  set cflags [expr {$::MSVC ? "-Zi" : "-g"}]
  set opts ""
  set title ${name}($testtarget)
  set configOpts $::WITHTCL


  regsub -all {#[^\n]*\n} $config \n config
  foreach arg $config {




    if {[regexp {^-[UD]} $arg]} {
      lappend opts $arg
    } elseif {[regexp {^[A-Z]+=} $arg]} {
      lappend testtarget $arg





    } elseif {[regexp {^--(enable|disable)-} $arg]} {
      if {$::MSVC} {
        if {$arg eq "--disable-amalgamation"} {
          lappend makeOpts USE_AMALGAMATION=0
          continue
        }
        if {$arg eq "--disable-shared"} {







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    -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=2
    --enable-json1 --enable-fts5
  }
  "Locking-Style" {
    -O2
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=1
  }
  "Apple" {
    -O1   # Avoid a compiler bug in gcc 4.2.1 build 5658
    -DHAVE_GMTIME_R=1
    -DHAVE_ISNAN=1
    -DHAVE_LOCALTIME_R=1
    -DHAVE_PREAD=1
    -DHAVE_PWRITE=1
    -DHAVE_USLEEP=1
    -DHAVE_USLEEP=1
    -DHAVE_UTIME=1
    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE=1000
    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_CKPTFULLFSYNC=1
    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS=1
    -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
    -DSQLITE_DISABLE_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW_STATS=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_AUTO_PROFILE=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FLOCKTIMEOUT=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER=1
    if:os=="Darwin" -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=1

    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PERSIST_WAL=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PURGEABLE_PCACHE=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT=1
    # -DSQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG=1

    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT=1
    -DSQLITE_MAX_LENGTH=2147483645
    -DSQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER=500000
    # -DSQLITE_MEMDEBUG=1
    -DSQLITE_NO_SYNC=1
    -DSQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET=1
    -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1
    -DSQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING=1
    -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
    -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=2
    -DSQLITE_USE_URI=1
    -DSQLITE_WRITE_WALFRAME_PREBUFFERED=1
    -DUSE_GUARDED_FD=1
    -DUSE_PREAD=1
    --enable-json1 --enable-fts5
  }
  "Extra-Robustness" {
    -DSQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK=1
    -DSQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED=62
  }
  "Devkit" {
................................................................................
    "Secure-Delete"           test
    "Unlock-Notify"           "QUICKTEST_INCLUDE=notify2.test test"
    "Update-Delete-Limit"     test
    "Extra-Robustness"        test
    "Device-Two"              test
    "No-lookaside"            test
    "Devkit"                  test
    "Apple"                   test
    "Sanitize"                {QUICKTEST_OMIT=func4.test,nan.test test}
    "Device-One"              fulltest
    "Default"                 "threadtest fulltest"
    "Valgrind"                valgrindtest
  }
  Linux-i686 {
    "Devkit"                  test
................................................................................
    "Device-One"              test
    "Device-Two"              test
    "Default"                 "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  Darwin-i386 {
    "Locking-Style"           "mptest test"
    "Have-Not"                test
    "Apple"                   "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  Darwin-x86_64 {
    "Locking-Style"           "mptest test"
    "Have-Not"                test
    "Apple"                   "threadtest fulltest"
  }
  "Windows NT-intel" {
    "Have-Not"                test
    "Default"                 "mptest fulltestonly"
  }
  "Windows NT-amd64" {
    "Have-Not"                test
................................................................................
  # CFLAGS is only passed to gcc.
  #
  set makeOpts ""
  set cflags [expr {$::MSVC ? "-Zi" : "-g"}]
  set opts ""
  set title ${name}($testtarget)
  set configOpts $::WITHTCL
  set skip 0

  regsub -all {#[^\n]*\n} $config \n config
  foreach arg $config {
    if {$skip} {
      set skip 0
      continue
    }
    if {[regexp {^-[UD]} $arg]} {
      lappend opts $arg
    } elseif {[regexp {^[A-Z]+=} $arg]} {
      lappend testtarget $arg
    } elseif {[regexp {^if:([a-z]+)(.*)} $arg all key tail]} {
      # Arguments of the form 'if:os=="Linux"' will cause the subsequent
      # argument to be skipped if the $tcl_platform(os) is not "Linux", for
      # example...
      set skip [expr !(\$::tcl_platform($key)$tail)]
    } elseif {[regexp {^--(enable|disable)-} $arg]} {
      if {$::MSVC} {
        if {$arg eq "--disable-amalgamation"} {
          lappend makeOpts USE_AMALGAMATION=0
          continue
        }
        if {$arg eq "--disable-shared"} {

Changes to test/sqldiff1.test.

10
11
12
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16
17
18
19
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22
23
24
25
26
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#***********************************************************************
#
# Quick tests for the sqldiff tool
#
set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

if {$tcl_platform(platform)=="windows"} {
  set PROG "sqldiff.exe"
} else {
  set PROG "./sqldiff"
}
if {![file exe $PROG]} {
  puts "sqldiff cannot run because $PROG is not available"
  finish_test
  return
}
db close
forcedelete test.db test2.db
sqlite3 db test.db

do_test sqldiff-1.0 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);







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17
18





19
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#***********************************************************************
#
# Quick tests for the sqldiff tool
#
set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl




set PROG [test_find_sqldiff]






db close
forcedelete test.db test2.db
sqlite3 db test.db

do_test sqldiff-1.0 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);

Changes to test/tester.tcl.

2131
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2133
2134
2135
2136
2137














2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
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2148

2149
2150
2151



2152

2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
  sqlite3_shutdown
  eval sqlite3_config_pagecache $::old_pagecache_config
  unset ::old_pagecache_config 
  sqlite3_initialize
  autoinstall_test_functions
  sqlite3 db test.db
}















# Find the name of the 'shell' executable (e.g. "sqlite3.exe") to use for
# the tests in shell[1-5].test. If no such executable can be found, invoke
# [finish_test ; return] in the callers context.
#
proc test_find_cli {} {
  if {$::tcl_platform(platform)=="windows"} {
    set ret "sqlite3.exe"
  } else {
    set ret "sqlite3"
  }

  set ret [file normalize [file join $::cmdlinearg(TESTFIXTURE_HOME) $ret]]
  if {![file executable $ret]} {
    finish_test



    return -code return

  }
  return $ret
}

# If the library is compiled with the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM macro set
# to non-zero, then set the global variable $AUTOVACUUM to 1.
set AUTOVACUUM $sqlite_options(default_autovacuum)

# Make sure the FTS enhanced query syntax is disabled.
set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 0







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  sqlite3_shutdown
  eval sqlite3_config_pagecache $::old_pagecache_config
  unset ::old_pagecache_config 
  sqlite3_initialize
  autoinstall_test_functions
  sqlite3 db test.db
}

proc test_find_binary {nm} {
  if {$::tcl_platform(platform)=="windows"} {
    set ret "$nm.exe"
  } else {
    set ret $nm
  }
  set ret [file normalize [file join $::cmdlinearg(TESTFIXTURE_HOME) $ret]]
  if {![file executable $ret]} {
    finish_test
    return ""
  }
  return $ret
}

# Find the name of the 'shell' executable (e.g. "sqlite3.exe") to use for
# the tests in shell[1-5].test. If no such executable can be found, invoke
# [finish_test ; return] in the callers context.
#
proc test_find_cli {} {
  set prog [test_find_binary sqlite3]
  if {$prog==""} { return -code return }
  return $prog

}

# Find the name of the 'sqldiff' executable (e.g. "sqlite3.exe") to use for
# the tests in sqldiff tests. If no such executable can be found, invoke
# [finish_test ; return] in the callers context.
#
proc test_find_sqldiff {} {
  set prog [test_find_binary sqldiff]
  if {$prog==""} { return -code return }
  return $prog
}



# If the library is compiled with the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM macro set
# to non-zero, then set the global variable $AUTOVACUUM to 1.
set AUTOVACUUM $sqlite_options(default_autovacuum)

# Make sure the FTS enhanced query syntax is disabled.
set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 0

Changes to test/wal2.test.

1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196



1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
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1203
# Test that "PRAGMA checkpoint_fullsync" appears to be working.
#
foreach {tn sql reslist} {
  1 { }                                 {10 0 4 0 6 0}
  2 { PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = 1 } {10 4 4 2 6 2}
  3 { PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = 0 } {10 0 4 0 6 0}
} {



  faultsim_delete_and_reopen

  execsql {PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 0; PRAGMA synchronous = FULL;}
  execsql $sql
  do_execsql_test wal2-14.$tn.0 { PRAGMA page_size = 4096 }   {}
  do_execsql_test wal2-14.$tn.1 { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL } {wal}








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1190
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1193
1194
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1196
1197
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1199
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1201
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1203
1204
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1206
# Test that "PRAGMA checkpoint_fullsync" appears to be working.
#
foreach {tn sql reslist} {
  1 { }                                 {10 0 4 0 6 0}
  2 { PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = 1 } {10 4 4 2 6 2}
  3 { PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = 0 } {10 0 4 0 6 0}
} {
  ifcapable default_ckptfullfsync {
    if {[string trim $sql]==""} continue
  }
  faultsim_delete_and_reopen

  execsql {PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 0; PRAGMA synchronous = FULL;}
  execsql $sql
  do_execsql_test wal2-14.$tn.0 { PRAGMA page_size = 4096 }   {}
  do_execsql_test wal2-14.$tn.1 { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL } {wal}

Changes to test/wal3.test.

216
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222

223
224
225
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227
228
229
  
    testvfs T
    T filter {} 
    T script sync_counter
    sqlite3 db test.db -vfs T
  
    execsql "PRAGMA synchronous = $syncmode"

    execsql { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL }
    execsql { CREATE TABLE filler(a,b,c); }

    set ::syncs [list]
    T filter xSync
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE x(y);







>







216
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218
219
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223
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226
227
228
229
230
  
    testvfs T
    T filter {} 
    T script sync_counter
    sqlite3 db test.db -vfs T
  
    execsql "PRAGMA synchronous = $syncmode"
    execsql "PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = 0"
    execsql { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL }
    execsql { CREATE TABLE filler(a,b,c); }

    set ::syncs [list]
    T filter xSync
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE x(y);

Changes to tool/sqldiff.c.

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1762
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1768
....
1837
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1846
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1858
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  char **azCol;                   /* NULL terminated array of col names */
  int i;
  int nCol;
  Str ct = {0, 0, 0};             /* The "CREATE TABLE data_xxx" statement */
  Str sql = {0, 0, 0};            /* Query to find differences */
  Str insert = {0, 0, 0};         /* First part of output INSERT statement */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;


  /* --rbu mode must use real primary keys. */
  g.bSchemaPK = 1;

  /* Check that the schemas of the two tables match. Exit early otherwise. */
  checkSchemasMatch(zTab);

................................................................................
    if( ct.z ){
      fprintf(out, "%s\n", ct.z);
      strFree(&ct);
    }

    /* Output the first part of the INSERT statement */
    fprintf(out, "%s", insert.z);


    if( sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, nCol)==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
        if( i>0 ) fprintf(out, ", ");
        printQuoted(out, sqlite3_column_value(pStmt, i));
      }
    }else{
................................................................................
    }

    /* And the closing bracket of the insert statement */
    fprintf(out, ");\n");
  }

  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);







  strFree(&ct);
  strFree(&sql);
  strFree(&insert);
}

/*
................................................................................
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  char *zTab = 0;
  FILE *out = stdout;
  void (*xDiff)(const char*,FILE*) = diff_one_table;

  int nExt = 0;
  char **azExt = 0;

  int useTransaction = 0;
  int neverUseTransaction = 0;

  g.zArgv0 = argv[0];
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD);
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    const char *z = argv[i];
................................................................................
  sqlite3_enable_load_extension(g.db, 1);
  for(i=0; i<nExt; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_load_extension(g.db, azExt[i], 0, &zErrMsg);
    if( rc || zErrMsg ){
      cmdlineError("error loading %s: %s", azExt[i], zErrMsg);
    }
  }
#endif
  free(azExt);

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("ATTACH %Q as aux;", zDb2);
  rc = sqlite3_exec(g.db, zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc || zErrMsg ){
    cmdlineError("cannot attach database \"%s\"", zDb2);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_exec(g.db, "SELECT * FROM aux.sqlite_master", 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc || zErrMsg ){
    cmdlineError("\"%s\" does not appear to be a valid SQLite database", zDb2);
  }

  if( neverUseTransaction ) useTransaction = 0;
  if( useTransaction ) printf("BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");






  if( zTab ){
    xDiff(zTab, out);
  }else{
    /* Handle tables one by one */
    pStmt = db_prepare(
      "SELECT name FROM main.sqlite_master\n"
      " WHERE type='table' AND sql NOT LIKE 'CREATE VIRTUAL%%'\n"







>







 







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....
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....
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....
1847
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  char **azCol;                   /* NULL terminated array of col names */
  int i;
  int nCol;
  Str ct = {0, 0, 0};             /* The "CREATE TABLE data_xxx" statement */
  Str sql = {0, 0, 0};            /* Query to find differences */
  Str insert = {0, 0, 0};         /* First part of output INSERT statement */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int nRow = 0;                   /* Total rows in data_xxx table */

  /* --rbu mode must use real primary keys. */
  g.bSchemaPK = 1;

  /* Check that the schemas of the two tables match. Exit early otherwise. */
  checkSchemasMatch(zTab);

................................................................................
    if( ct.z ){
      fprintf(out, "%s\n", ct.z);
      strFree(&ct);
    }

    /* Output the first part of the INSERT statement */
    fprintf(out, "%s", insert.z);
    nRow++;

    if( sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, nCol)==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
        if( i>0 ) fprintf(out, ", ");
        printQuoted(out, sqlite3_column_value(pStmt, i));
      }
    }else{
................................................................................
    }

    /* And the closing bracket of the insert statement */
    fprintf(out, ");\n");
  }

  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( nRow>0 ){
    Str cnt = {0, 0, 0};
    strPrintf(&cnt, "INSERT INTO rbu_count VALUES('data_%q', %d);", zTab, nRow);
    fprintf(out, "%s\n", cnt.z);
    strFree(&cnt);
  }

  strFree(&ct);
  strFree(&sql);
  strFree(&insert);
}

/*
................................................................................
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  char *zTab = 0;
  FILE *out = stdout;
  void (*xDiff)(const char*,FILE*) = diff_one_table;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  int nExt = 0;
  char **azExt = 0;
#endif
  int useTransaction = 0;
  int neverUseTransaction = 0;

  g.zArgv0 = argv[0];
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD);
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    const char *z = argv[i];
................................................................................
  sqlite3_enable_load_extension(g.db, 1);
  for(i=0; i<nExt; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_load_extension(g.db, azExt[i], 0, &zErrMsg);
    if( rc || zErrMsg ){
      cmdlineError("error loading %s: %s", azExt[i], zErrMsg);
    }
  }

  free(azExt);
#endif
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("ATTACH %Q as aux;", zDb2);
  rc = sqlite3_exec(g.db, zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc || zErrMsg ){
    cmdlineError("cannot attach database \"%s\"", zDb2);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_exec(g.db, "SELECT * FROM aux.sqlite_master", 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc || zErrMsg ){
    cmdlineError("\"%s\" does not appear to be a valid SQLite database", zDb2);
  }

  if( neverUseTransaction ) useTransaction = 0;
  if( useTransaction ) fprintf(out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
  if( xDiff==rbudiff_one_table ){
    fprintf(out, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS rbu_count"
           "(tbl TEXT PRIMARY KEY COLLATE NOCASE, cnt INTEGER) "
           "WITHOUT ROWID;\n"
    );
  }
  if( zTab ){
    xDiff(zTab, out);
  }else{
    /* Handle tables one by one */
    pStmt = db_prepare(
      "SELECT name FROM main.sqlite_master\n"
      " WHERE type='table' AND sql NOT LIKE 'CREATE VIRTUAL%%'\n"