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Overview
Comment:Fix the WITHOUT ROWID table logic so that it generates a correct KeyInfo object for tables that have a PRIMARY KEY containing the same column used more than once with different collating sequences. Enhance the index_xinfo pragma to assist in testing the above. Fix for ticket [fd3aec0c7e3e2998].
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SHA3-256: 84a51a755c18ac8253080db6eec505df894ee3b1e97cfa8e61039ac38001e270
User & Date: drh 2019-07-17 12:49:16
Context
2019-07-17
14:34
When processing a BETWEEN or CASE expression, avoid transforming a node of the original expression into a TK_REGISTER node. Instead, take a copy and use it instead. Fix for [1be72aab9]. check-in: 7ef7b23c user: dan tags: trunk
12:49
Fix the WITHOUT ROWID table logic so that it generates a correct KeyInfo object for tables that have a PRIMARY KEY containing the same column used more than once with different collating sequences. Enhance the index_xinfo pragma to assist in testing the above. Fix for ticket [fd3aec0c7e3e2998]. check-in: 84a51a75 user: drh tags: trunk
12:42
New test cases for PRAGMA index_xinfo on a WITHOUT ROWID table. And new testcases using index_xinfo to verify that WITHOUT ROWID tables are constructed correctly. Closed-Leaf check-in: 340378c1 user: drh tags: wor-pk-dups
07:23
Add casts to shell.c.in to avoid warnings on systems where size_t is 32 bits. check-in: fe014288 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/build.c.

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**
** For virtual tables, only (1) is performed.
*/
static void convertToWithoutRowidTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIdx;
  Index *pPk;
  int nPk;

  int i, j;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;

  /* Mark every PRIMARY KEY column as NOT NULL (except for imposter tables)
  */
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ){
................................................................................
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
    sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                       SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY);
    if( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ) return;
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);

  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );

    /*
    ** Remove all redundant columns from the PRIMARY KEY.  For example, change
    ** "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,a,b,c,b,c,d)" into just "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,d)".  Later
................................................................................
    ** code assumes the PRIMARY KEY contains no repeated columns.
    */
    for(i=j=1; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
      if( isDupColumn(pPk, j, pPk, i) ){
        pPk->nColumn--;
      }else{
        testcase( hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, pPk->aiColumn[i]) );


        pPk->aiColumn[j++] = pPk->aiColumn[i];
      }
    }
    pPk->nKeyCol = j;
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ) pPk->uniqNotNull = 1;
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
  ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
  ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
  ** a database schema).  */
  if( v && pPk->tnum>0 ){
    assert( db->init.busy==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=pIdx->nKeyCol+n );
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=j );
  }

  /* Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY index
  */

  if( nPk<pTab->nCol ){


    if( resizeIndexObject(db, pPk, pTab->nCol) ) return;
    for(i=0, j=nPk; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, i) ){
        assert( j<pPk->nColumn );
        pPk->aiColumn[j] = i;
        pPk->azColl[j] = sqlite3StrBINARY;
        j++;
      }
    }
    assert( pPk->nColumn==j );
    assert( pTab->nCol==j );
  }else{
    pPk->nColumn = pTab->nCol;
  }
  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pPk);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Return true if zName is a shadow table name in the current database
** connection.







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**
** For virtual tables, only (1) is performed.
*/
static void convertToWithoutRowidTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIdx;
  Index *pPk;
  int nPk;
  int nExtra;
  int i, j;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;

  /* Mark every PRIMARY KEY column as NOT NULL (except for imposter tables)
  */
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ){
................................................................................
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
    sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                       SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY);
    if( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ) return;
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk->nKeyCol==1 );
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );

    /*
    ** Remove all redundant columns from the PRIMARY KEY.  For example, change
    ** "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,a,b,c,b,c,d)" into just "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,d)".  Later
................................................................................
    ** code assumes the PRIMARY KEY contains no repeated columns.
    */
    for(i=j=1; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
      if( isDupColumn(pPk, j, pPk, i) ){
        pPk->nColumn--;
      }else{
        testcase( hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, pPk->aiColumn[i]) );
        pPk->azColl[j] = pPk->azColl[i];
        pPk->aSortOrder[j] = pPk->aSortOrder[i];
        pPk->aiColumn[j++] = pPk->aiColumn[i];
      }
    }
    pPk->nKeyCol = j;
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ) pPk->uniqNotNull = 1;
  nPk = pPk->nColumn = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
  ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
  ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
  ** a database schema).  */
  if( v && pPk->tnum>0 ){
    assert( db->init.busy==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=pIdx->nKeyCol+n );
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=j );
  }

  /* Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY index
  */
  nExtra = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, nPk, i) ) nExtra++;
  }
  if( resizeIndexObject(db, pPk, nPk+nExtra) ) return;
  for(i=0, j=nPk; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, i) ){
      assert( j<pPk->nColumn );
      pPk->aiColumn[j] = i;
      pPk->azColl[j] = sqlite3StrBINARY;
      j++;
    }
  }
  assert( pPk->nColumn==j );
  assert( pTab->nCol<=j );



  recomputeColumnsNotIndexed(pPk);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Return true if zName is a shadow table name in the current database
** connection.

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  break;
#endif

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);









    if( pIdx ){
      int iIdxDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema);
      int i;
      int mx;
      if( pPragma->iArg ){
        /* PRAGMA index_xinfo (newer version with more rows and columns) */
        mx = pIdx->nColumn;







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  break;
#endif

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ){
      /* If there is no index named zRight, check to see if there is a
      ** WITHOUT ROWID table named zRight, and if there is, show the
      ** structure of the PRIMARY KEY index for that table. */
      pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, LOCATE_NOERR, zRight, zDb);
      if( pTab && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
        pIdx = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      }
    }
    if( pIdx ){
      int iIdxDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema);
      int i;
      int mx;
      if( pPragma->iArg ){
        /* PRAGMA index_xinfo (newer version with more rows and columns) */
        mx = pIdx->nColumn;

Changes to test/vtab1.test.

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  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-13 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM real_abc
  }
} {}









ifcapable attach {
  do_test vtab1.8-1 {
    set echo_module ""
    execsql {
      ATTACH 'test2.db' AS aux;
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE aux.e2 USING echo(real_abc);







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  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-13 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM real_abc
  }
} {}

# PRAGMA index_info and index_xinfo are no-ops on a virtual table
do_test vtab1.7-14 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA index_info('echo_abc');
    PRAGMA index_xinfo('echo_abc');
  }
} {}

ifcapable attach {
  do_test vtab1.8-1 {
    set echo_module ""
    execsql {
      ATTACH 'test2.db' AS aux;
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE aux.e2 USING echo(real_abc);

Changes to test/without_rowid1.test.

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  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('dynamic','juliet','flipper','command');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('journal','sherman','gamma','patriot');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('arctic','sleep','ammonia','helena');
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY c, a;
} {arctic sleep ammonia helena | journal sherman ammonia helena | dynamic juliet flipper command | journal sherman gamma patriot |}

integrity_check without_rowid1-1.0ic





do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.1 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY +c, a;
} {arctic sleep ammonia helena | journal sherman ammonia helena | dynamic juliet flipper command | journal sherman gamma patriot |}

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.2 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY c DESC, a DESC;
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('abc', 'def');
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {abc def}
do_execsql_test 2.1.2 {
  UPDATE t4 SET a = 'ABC';
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {ABC def}




do_execsql_test 2.2.1 {
  DROP TABLE t4;
  CREATE TABLE t4 (b, a COLLATE nocase PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t4(a, b) VALUES('abc', 'def');
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {def abc}

do_execsql_test 2.2.2 {
  UPDATE t4 SET a = 'ABC', b = 'xyz';
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {xyz ABC}






do_execsql_test 2.3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5 (a, b, PRIMARY KEY(b, a)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t5(a, b) VALUES('abc', 'def');
  UPDATE t5 SET a='abc', b='def';
} {}






do_execsql_test 2.4.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t6 (
    a COLLATE nocase, b, c UNIQUE, PRIMARY KEY(b, a)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;

  INSERT INTO t6(a, b, c) VALUES('abc', 'def', 'ghi');
................................................................................
  UPDATE t6 SET a='ABC', c='ghi';
} {}

do_execsql_test 2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t6 ORDER BY b, a;
  SELECT * FROM t6 ORDER BY c;
} {ABC def ghi ABC def ghi}






#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Unless the destination table is completely empty, the xfer optimization 
# is disabled for WITHOUT ROWID tables. The following tests check for
# some problems that might occur if this were not the case.
#
reset_db







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  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('dynamic','juliet','flipper','command');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('journal','sherman','gamma','patriot');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('arctic','sleep','ammonia','helena');
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY c, a;
} {arctic sleep ammonia helena | journal sherman ammonia helena | dynamic juliet flipper command | journal sherman gamma patriot |}

integrity_check without_rowid1-1.0ic

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.0ixi {
  SELECT name, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t1');
} {c 1 a 1 b 0 d 0}

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.1 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY +c, a;
} {arctic sleep ammonia helena | journal sherman ammonia helena | dynamic juliet flipper command | journal sherman gamma patriot |}

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.2 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY c DESC, a DESC;
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('abc', 'def');
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {abc def}
do_execsql_test 2.1.2 {
  UPDATE t4 SET a = 'ABC';
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {ABC def}
do_execsql_test 2.1.3 {
  SELECT name, coll, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t4');
} {a nocase 1 b BINARY 0}

do_execsql_test 2.2.1 {
  DROP TABLE t4;
  CREATE TABLE t4 (b, a COLLATE nocase PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t4(a, b) VALUES('abc', 'def');
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {def abc}

do_execsql_test 2.2.2 {
  UPDATE t4 SET a = 'ABC', b = 'xyz';
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {xyz ABC}

do_execsql_test 2.2.3 {
  SELECT name, coll, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t4');
} {a nocase 1 b BINARY 0}


do_execsql_test 2.3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5 (a, b, PRIMARY KEY(b, a)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t5(a, b) VALUES('abc', 'def');
  UPDATE t5 SET a='abc', b='def';
} {}

do_execsql_test 2.3.2 {
  SELECT name, coll, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t5');
} {b BINARY 1 a BINARY 1}


do_execsql_test 2.4.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t6 (
    a COLLATE nocase, b, c UNIQUE, PRIMARY KEY(b, a)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;

  INSERT INTO t6(a, b, c) VALUES('abc', 'def', 'ghi');
................................................................................
  UPDATE t6 SET a='ABC', c='ghi';
} {}

do_execsql_test 2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t6 ORDER BY b, a;
  SELECT * FROM t6 ORDER BY c;
} {ABC def ghi ABC def ghi}

do_execsql_test 2.4.3 {
  SELECT name, coll, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t6');
} {b BINARY 1 a nocase 1 c BINARY 0}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Unless the destination table is completely empty, the xfer optimization 
# is disabled for WITHOUT ROWID tables. The following tests check for
# some problems that might occur if this were not the case.
#
reset_db

Changes to test/without_rowid6.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e, PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,a,b,c,d,a,b,c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(b, b);
  WITH RECURSIVE
    c(i) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM c WHERE i<1000)
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c,d,e) SELECT i, i+1000, printf('x%dy',i), 0, 0 FROM c;
  ANALYZE;
} {}



do_execsql_test without_rowid6-110 {
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE a=123;
} {x123y}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-120 {
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1123;
} {x123y}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-130 {
................................................................................
    b UNIQUE,
    c UNIQUE,
    PRIMARY KEY(b)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c) VALUES(1,8,3),(4,5,6),(7,2,9);
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {4 1}



do_execsql_test without_rowid6-210 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY .b>../}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-220 {
  PRAGMA index_list(t1);
} {/sqlite_autoindex_t1_2 1 pk/}
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,
    UNIQUE(b,c),
    PRIMARY KEY(b,c)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c) VALUES(1,8,3),(4,5,6),(7,2,9);
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {4 1}



do_execsql_test without_rowid6-510 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY .b>../}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-520 {
  PRAGMA index_list(t1);
} {/sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 1 pk/}







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  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e, PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,a,b,c,d,a,b,c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(b, b);
  WITH RECURSIVE
    c(i) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM c WHERE i<1000)
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c,d,e) SELECT i, i+1000, printf('x%dy',i), 0, 0 FROM c;
  ANALYZE;
} {}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-101 {
  SELECT name, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t1');
} {a 1 b 1 c 1 d 1 e 0}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-110 {
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE a=123;
} {x123y}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-120 {
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=1123;
} {x123y}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-130 {
................................................................................
    b UNIQUE,
    c UNIQUE,
    PRIMARY KEY(b)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c) VALUES(1,8,3),(4,5,6),(7,2,9);
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {4 1}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-201 {
  SELECT name, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t1');
} {b 1 a 0 c 0}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-210 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY .b>../}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-220 {
  PRAGMA index_list(t1);
} {/sqlite_autoindex_t1_2 1 pk/}
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,
    UNIQUE(b,c),
    PRIMARY KEY(b,c)
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b,c) VALUES(1,8,3),(4,5,6),(7,2,9);
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {4 1}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-501 {
  SELECT name, key FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t1');
} {b 1 c 1 a 0}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-510 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>3 ORDER BY b;
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY .b>../}
do_execsql_test without_rowid6-520 {
  PRAGMA index_list(t1);
} {/sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 1 pk/}

Added test/without_rowid7.test.

















































































































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# 2019 July 17
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#*************************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix without_rowid7

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b COLLATE nocase, PRIMARY KEY(a, a, b)) WITHOUT ROWID;
}

do_catchsql_test 1.1 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'one'), (1, 'ONE');
} {1 {UNIQUE constraint failed: t1.a, t1.b}}


do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a COLLATE nocase, a)) WITHOUT ROWID;
}

do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'one');
  SELECT b FROM t2;
} {one}

do_execsql_test 2.2a {
  PRAGMA index_info(t2);
} {0 0 a 1 0 a}
do_execsql_test 2.2b {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM pragma_index_info('t2');
} {0 0 a | 1 0 a |}
do_execsql_test 2.3a {
  PRAGMA index_xinfo(t2);
} {0 0 a 0 nocase 1 1 0 a 0 BINARY 1 2 1 b 0 BINARY 0}
do_execsql_test 2.3b {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM pragma_index_xinfo('t2');
} {0 0 a 0 nocase 1 | 1 0 a 0 BINARY 1 | 2 1 b 0 BINARY 0 |}

do_execsql_test 2.4 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a COLLATE nocase, a));
  PRAGMA index_info(t3);
} {}



finish_test