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Comment:Add the kvtest.c test program used to show that it is many times faster to read thumbnail and similar BLOBs out of an SQLite database than it is to read them as separate files from the filesystem.
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SHA1:8074d59cf177cb91ee371e2660f2c59ce540b7e2
User & Date: drh 2016-12-29 16:58:01
Context
2016-12-29
17:25
In kvtest.c, use stat() instead of fseek()/ftell() to determine the size of a BLOB to be read directly from disk. This makes the pile-of-files database more competative against SQLite. check-in: a7dca29f user: drh tags: trunk
16:58
Add the kvtest.c test program used to show that it is many times faster to read thumbnail and similar BLOBs out of an SQLite database than it is to read them as separate files from the filesystem. check-in: 8074d59c user: drh tags: trunk
16:49
Add more detail to the header command to further explain how to compile and use the kvtest.c utility. Closed-Leaf check-in: 55d29839 user: drh tags: kvtest
2016-12-27
15:59
Do not allow the nockpt.test module to run under the inmemory_journal permutation. check-in: a6af06f1 user: drh tags: trunk
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/*
** 2016-12-28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file implements "key-value" performance test for SQLite.  The
** purpose is to compare the speed of SQLite for accessing large BLOBs
** versus reading those same BLOB values out of individual files in the
** filesystem.
**
** Run "kvtest" with no arguments for on-line help, or see comments below.
**
** HOW TO COMPILE:
**
** (1) Gather this source file and a recent SQLite3 amalgamation with its
**     header into the working directory.  You should have:
**
**          kvtest.c       >--- this file
**          sqlite3.c      \___ SQLite
**          sqlite3.h      /    amlagamation & header
**
** (2) Run you compiler against the two C source code files.
**
**    (a) On linux or mac:
**
**        OPTS="-DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION"
**        gcc -Os -I. $OPTS kvtest.c sqlite3.c -o kvtest
**
**             The $OPTS options can be omitted.  The $OPTS merely omit
**             the need to link against -ldl and -lpthread, or whatever
**             the equivalent libraries are called on your system.
**
**    (b) Windows with MSVC:
**
**        cl -I. kvtest.c sqlite3.c
**
** USAGE:
**
** (1) Create a test database by running "kvtest init" with appropriate
**     options.  See the help message for available options.
**
** (2) Construct the corresponding pile-of-files database on disk using
**     the "kvtest export" command.
**
** (3) Run tests using "kvtest run" against either the SQLite database or
**     the pile-of-files database and with appropriate options.
**
** For example:
**
**       ./kvtest init x1.db --count 100000 --size 10000
**       mkdir x1
**       ./kvtest export x1.db x1
**       ./kvtest run x1.db --count 10000 --max-id 1000000
**       ./kvtest run x1 --count 10000 --max-id 1000000
*/
static const char zHelp[] = 
"Usage: kvhelp COMMAND ARGS...\n"
"\n"
"   kvhelp init DBFILE --count N --size M --pagesize X\n"
"\n"
"        Generate a new test database file named DBFILE containing N\n"
"        BLOBs each of size M bytes.  The page size of the new database\n"
"        file will be X\n"
"\n"
"   kvhelp export DBFILE DIRECTORY\n"
"\n"
"        Export all the blobs in the kv table of DBFILE into separate\n"
"        files in DIRECTORY.\n"
"\n"
"   kvhelp run DBFILE [options]\n"
"\n"
"        Run a performance test.  DBFILE can be either the name of a\n"
"        database or a directory containing sample files.  Options:\n"
"\n"
"             --asc                Read blobs in ascending order\n"
"             --blob-api           Use the BLOB API\n"
"             --cache-size N       Database cache size\n"
"             --count N            Read N blobs\n"
"             --desc               Read blobs in descending order\n"
"             --max-id N           Maximum blob key to use\n"
"             --random             Read blobs in a random order\n"
"             --start N            Start reading with this blob key\n"
;

/* Reference resources used */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "sqlite3.h"

#ifndef _WIN32
# include <unistd.h>
#else
  /* Provide Windows equivalent for the needed parts of unistd.h */
# include <io.h>
# define R_OK 2
# define S_ISDIR(m) (((m) & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
# define access _access
#endif


/*
** Show thqe help text and quit.
*/
static void showHelp(void){
  fprintf(stdout, "%s", zHelp);
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Show an error message an quit.
*/
static void fatalError(const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  fprintf(stdout, "ERROR: ");
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  vfprintf(stdout, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  fprintf(stdout, "\n");
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Check the filesystem object zPath.  Determine what it is:
**
**    PATH_DIR     A directory
**    PATH_DB      An SQLite database
**    PATH_NEXIST  Does not exist
**    PATH_OTHER   Something else
*/
#define PATH_DIR     1
#define PATH_DB      2
#define PATH_NEXIST  0
#define PATH_OTHER   99
static int pathType(const char *zPath){
  struct stat x;
  int rc;
  if( access(zPath,R_OK) ) return PATH_NEXIST;
  memset(&x, 0, sizeof(x));
  rc = stat(zPath, &x);
  if( rc<0 ) return PATH_OTHER;
  if( S_ISDIR(x.st_mode) ) return PATH_DIR;
  if( (x.st_size%512)==0 ) return PATH_DB;
  return PATH_OTHER;
}

/*
** A Pseudo-random number generator with a fixed seed.  Use this so
** that the same sequence of "random" numbers are generated on each
** run, for repeatability.
*/
static unsigned int randInt(void){
  static unsigned int x = 0x333a13cd;
  static unsigned int y = 0xecb2adea;
  x = (x>>1) ^ ((1+~(x&1)) & 0xd0000001);
  y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
  return x^y;
}

/*
** Do database initialization.
*/
static int initMain(int argc, char **argv){
  char *zDb;
  int i, rc;
  int nCount = 1000;
  int sz = 10000;
  int pgsz = 4096;
  sqlite3 *db;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  assert( strcmp(argv[1],"init")==0 );
  assert( argc>=3 );
  zDb = argv[2];
  for(i=3; i<argc; i++){
    char *z = argv[i];
    if( z[0]!='-' ) fatalError("unknown argument: \"%s\"", z);
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "-count")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      nCount = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( nCount<1 ) fatalError("the --count must be positive");
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-size")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      sz = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( sz<1 ) fatalError("the --size must be positive");
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-pagesize")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      pgsz = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( pgsz<512 || pgsz>65536 || ((pgsz-1)&pgsz)!=0 ){
        fatalError("the --pagesize must be power of 2 between 512 and 65536");
      }
      continue;
    }
    fatalError("unknown option: \"%s\"", argv[i]);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zDb, &db);
  if( rc ){
    fatalError("cannot open database \"%s\": %s", zDb, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
    "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS kv;\n"
    "PRAGMA page_size=%d;\n"
    "VACUUM;\n"
    "BEGIN;\n"
    "CREATE TABLE kv(k INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v BLOB);\n"
    "WITH RECURSIVE c(x) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM c WHERE x<%d)"
    " INSERT INTO kv(k,v) SELECT x, randomblob(%d) FROM c;\n"
    "COMMIT;\n",
    pgsz, nCount, sz
  );
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc ) fatalError("database create failed: %s", zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  sqlite3_close(db);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Implementation of the "writefile(X,Y)" SQL function.  The argument Y
** is written into file X.  The number of bytes written is returned.  Or
** NULL is returned if something goes wrong, such as being unable to open
** file X for writing.
*/
static void writefileFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  FILE *out;
  const char *z;
  sqlite3_int64 rc;
  const char *zFile;

  zFile = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFile==0 ) return;
  out = fopen(zFile, "wb");
  if( out==0 ) return;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
  if( z==0 ){
    rc = 0;
  }else{
    rc = fwrite(z, 1, sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]), out);
  }
  fclose(out);
  printf("\r%s   ", zFile); fflush(stdout);
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, rc);
}

/*
** Export the kv table to individual files in the filesystem
*/
static int exportMain(int argc, char **argv){
  char *zDb;
  char *zDir;
  sqlite3 *db;
  char *zSql;
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  assert( strcmp(argv[1],"export")==0 );
  assert( argc>=3 );
  zDb = argv[2];
  if( argc!=4 ) fatalError("Usage: kvtest export DATABASE DIRECTORY");
  zDir = argv[3];
  if( pathType(zDir)!=PATH_DIR ){
    fatalError("object \"%s\" is not a directory", zDir);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zDb, &db);
  if( rc ){
    fatalError("cannot open database \"%s\": %s", zDb, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }
  sqlite3_create_function(db, "writefile", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                          writefileFunc, 0, 0);
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
    "SELECT writefile(printf('%s/%%06d',k),v) FROM kv;",
    zDir
  );
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc ) fatalError("database create failed: %s", zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  sqlite3_close(db);
  printf("\n");
  return 0;
}

/*
** Read the content of file zName into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc64()
** and return a pointer to the buffer. The caller is responsible for freeing 
** the memory. 
**
** If parameter pnByte is not NULL, (*pnByte) is set to the number of bytes
** read.
**
** For convenience, a nul-terminator byte is always appended to the data read
** from the file before the buffer is returned. This byte is not included in
** the final value of (*pnByte), if applicable.
**
** NULL is returned if any error is encountered. The final value of *pnByte
** is undefined in this case.
*/
static unsigned char *readFile(const char *zName, int *pnByte){
  FILE *in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  long nIn;
  size_t nRead;
  unsigned char *pBuf;
  if( in==0 ) return 0;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  pBuf = sqlite3_malloc64( nIn+1 );
  if( pBuf==0 ) return 0;
  nRead = fread(pBuf, nIn, 1, in);
  fclose(in);
  if( nRead!=1 ){
    sqlite3_free(pBuf);
    return 0;
  }
  pBuf[nIn] = 0;
  if( pnByte ) *pnByte = nIn;
  return pBuf;
}

/*
** Return the current time in milliseconds since the beginning of
** the Julian epoch.
*/
static sqlite3_int64 timeOfDay(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs *clockVfs = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 t;
  if( clockVfs==0 ) clockVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  if( clockVfs->iVersion>=2 && clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64!=0 ){
    clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(clockVfs, &t);
  }else{
    double r;
    clockVfs->xCurrentTime(clockVfs, &r);
    t = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0);
  }
  return t;
}

/* Blob access order */
#define ORDER_ASC     1
#define ORDER_DESC    2
#define ORDER_RANDOM  3

/*
** Run a performance test
*/
static int runMain(int argc, char **argv){
  int eType;                  /* Is zDb a database or a directory? */
  char *zDb;                  /* Database or directory name */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int rc;                     /* Return code from SQLite calls */
  int nCount = 1000;          /* Number of blob fetch operations */
  int nExtra = 0;             /* Extra cycles */
  int iKey = 1;               /* Next blob key */
  int iMax = 1000;            /* Largest allowed key */
  int iPagesize = 0;          /* Database page size */
  int iCache = 1000;          /* Database cache size in kibibytes */
  int bBlobApi = 0;           /* Use the incremental blob I/O API */
  int eOrder = ORDER_ASC;     /* Access order */
  sqlite3 *db = 0;            /* Database connection */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;    /* Prepared statement for SQL access */
  sqlite3_blob *pBlob = 0;    /* Handle for incremental Blob I/O */
  sqlite3_int64 tmStart;      /* Start time */
  sqlite3_int64 tmElapsed;    /* Elapsed time */
  int nData = 0;              /* Bytes of data */
  sqlite3_int64 nTotal = 0;   /* Total data read */
  unsigned char *pData;       /* Content of the blob */
  

  assert( strcmp(argv[1],"run")==0 );
  assert( argc>=3 );
  zDb = argv[2];
  eType = pathType(zDb);
  if( eType==PATH_OTHER ) fatalError("unknown object type: \"%s\"", zDb);
  if( eType==PATH_NEXIST ) fatalError("object does not exist: \"%s\"", zDb);
  for(i=3; i<argc; i++){
    char *z = argv[i];
    if( z[0]!='-' ) fatalError("unknown argument: \"%s\"", z);
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "-count")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      nCount = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( nCount<1 ) fatalError("the --count must be positive");
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-max-id")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      iMax = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( iMax<1 ) fatalError("the --max-id must be positive");
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-start")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      iKey = atoi(argv[++i]);
      if( iKey<1 ) fatalError("the --start must be positive");
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-cache-size")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) fatalError("missing argument on \"%s\"", argv[i]);
      iCache = atoi(argv[++i]);
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-random")==0 ){
      eOrder = ORDER_RANDOM;
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-asc")==0 ){
      eOrder = ORDER_ASC;
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-desc")==0 ){
      eOrder = ORDER_DESC;
      continue;
    }
    if( strcmp(z, "-blob-api")==0 ){
      bBlobApi = 1;
      continue;
    }
    fatalError("unknown option: \"%s\"", argv[i]);
  }
  tmStart = timeOfDay();
  if( eType==PATH_DB ){
    char *zSql;
    rc = sqlite3_open(zDb, &db);
    if( rc ){
      fatalError("cannot open database \"%s\": %s", zDb, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA cache_size=%d", iCache);
    sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    pStmt = 0;
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "PRAGMA page_size", -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      iPagesize = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "PRAGMA cache_size", -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      iCache = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }else{
      iCache = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nCount; i++){
    if( eType==PATH_DIR ){
      /* CASE 1: Reading blobs out of separate files */
      char *zKey;
      zKey = sqlite3_mprintf("%s/%06d", zDb, iKey);
      nData = 0;
      pData = readFile(zKey, &nData);
      sqlite3_free(zKey);
      sqlite3_free(pData);
    }else if( bBlobApi ){
      /* CASE 2: Reading from database using the incremental BLOB I/O API */
      if( pBlob==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3_blob_open(db, "main", "kv", "v", iKey, 0, &pBlob);
        if( rc ){
          fatalError("could not open sqlite3_blob handle: %s",
                     sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        }
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_blob_reopen(pBlob, iKey);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        nData = sqlite3_blob_bytes(pBlob);
        pData = sqlite3_malloc( nData+1 );
        if( pData==0 ) fatalError("cannot allocate %d bytes", nData+1);
        rc = sqlite3_blob_read(pBlob, pData, nData, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          fatalError("could not read the blob at %d: %s", iKey,
                     sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        }
        sqlite3_free(pData);
      }
    }else{
      /* CASE 3: Reading from database using SQL */
      if( pStmt==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, 
               "SELECT v FROM kv WHERE k=?1", -1, &pStmt, 0);
        if( rc ){
          fatalError("cannot prepare query: %s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      }
      sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, iKey);
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
        nData = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0);
        pData = (unsigned char*)sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 0);
      }else{
        nData = 0;
      }
    }
    if( eOrder==ORDER_ASC ){
      iKey++;
      if( iKey>iMax ) iKey = 1;
    }else if( eOrder==ORDER_DESC ){
      iKey--;
      if( iKey<=0 ) iKey = iMax;
    }else{
      iKey = (randInt()%iMax)+1;
    }
    nTotal += nData;
    if( nData==0 ){ nCount++; nExtra++; }
  }
  if( pStmt ) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( pBlob ) sqlite3_blob_close(pBlob);
  if( db ) sqlite3_close(db);
  tmElapsed = timeOfDay() - tmStart;
  if( nExtra ){
    printf("%d cycles due to %d misses\n", nCount, nExtra);
  }
  if( eType==PATH_DB ){
    printf("SQLite version: %s\n", sqlite3_libversion());
  }
  printf("--count %d --max-id %d", nCount-nExtra, iMax);
  if( eType==PATH_DB ){
    printf(" --cache-size %d", iCache);
  }
  switch( eOrder ){
    case ORDER_RANDOM:  printf(" --random\n");  break;
    case ORDER_DESC:    printf(" --desc\n");    break;
    default:            printf(" --asc\n");     break;
  }
  if( iPagesize ) printf("Database page size: %d\n", iPagesize);
  printf("Total elapsed time: %.3f\n", tmElapsed/1000.0);
  printf("Microseconds per BLOB read: %.3f\n", tmElapsed*1000.0/nCount);
  printf("Content read rate: %.1f MB/s\n", nTotal/(1000.0*tmElapsed));
  return 0;
}


int main(int argc, char **argv){
  if( argc<3 ) showHelp();
  if( strcmp(argv[1],"init")==0 ){
    return initMain(argc, argv);
  }
  if( strcmp(argv[1],"export")==0 ){
    return exportMain(argc, argv);
  }
  if( strcmp(argv[1],"run")==0 ){
    return runMain(argc, argv);
  }
  showHelp();
  return 0;
}