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Overview
Comment:Merge latest trunk changes into this branch.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | begin-concurrent
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256:7f217edab4575554f657d38e2a1bc6b3f577998fdbecb04eb200aeb8b8406581
User & Date: dan 2017-11-06 20:02:08
Context
2017-11-14
20:06
Merge changes from trunk. This fixes the SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT functionality so that it works with views and WITHOUT ROWID tables. check-in: d90e5f34 user: dan tags: begin-concurrent
2017-11-06
20:02
Merge latest trunk changes into this branch. check-in: 7f217eda user: dan tags: begin-concurrent
10:04
Allow "BEGIN CONCURRENT" transactions to modify the temp schema. check-in: 0fb6d91c user: dan tags: begin-concurrent
09:34
Fix a harmless compiler warning from Xcode 9.1. check-in: 66d98310 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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USE_AMALGAMATION = @USE_AMALGAMATION@

# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo date.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \

         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo \
         fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
	 fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  config.h \

  sqlite3.h

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/test1.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c       \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_test.c  \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/bitvec.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................
# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_OPT = 

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
................................................................................
libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
		-rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)" \
		-version-info "8:6:8" \
		-avoid-version

sqlite3$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(SHELL_OPT) -o $@ \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c sqlite3.c \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

dbhash$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)
................................................................................
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) <tsrc/vdbe.c >vdbe.new
	mv vdbe.new tsrc/vdbe.c
	cp fts5.c fts5.h tsrc
	touch .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	cp tsrc/shell.c tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .
	cp $(TOP)/ext/session/sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3ext.h:	.target_source
	cp tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .

tclsqlite3.c:	sqlite3.c
	echo '#ifndef USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE' >tclsqlite3.c
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)/src/ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)/src/date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/date.c




dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)/src/delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/expr.c $(HDR)
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DTCLSH=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-stubs.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3$(TEXE):	tclsqlite-shell.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ tclsqlite-shell.lo \
		 libsqlite3.la $(LIBTCL)
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid$(BEXE) $(TOP)/VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) >keywordhash.h














# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.la.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1

TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE 
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DBUILD_sqlite
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.la
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = sqlite3.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC += $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC$(USE_AMALGAMATION))

testfixture$(TEXE):	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC)
................................................................................
# A very fast test that checks basic sanity.  The name comes from
# the 60s-era electronics testing:  "Turn it on and see if smoke
# comes out."
#
smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzzcheck$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl
	echo "#define TCLSH 2" > $@
	echo "#define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1" >> $@
	cat sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >> $@
	echo "static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){" >> $@
	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/tostr.tcl $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

















dbdump$(TEXE): $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o $@ \
           $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showdb$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

................................................................................

showjournal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showwal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)




changeset$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

rollback-test$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

LogEst$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/logest.c sqlite3.h







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USE_AMALGAMATION = @USE_AMALGAMATION@

# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo \
         date.lo dbpage.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \
         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo \
         fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
	 fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  config.h \
  shell.c \
  sqlite3.h

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/test1.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c       \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_test.c  \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/bitvec.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................
# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_OPT = 

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
................................................................................
libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
		-rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)" \
		-version-info "8:6:8" \
		-avoid-version

sqlite3$(TEXE):	shell.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(SHELL_OPT) -o $@ \
		shell.c sqlite3.c \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

dbhash$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)
................................................................................
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) <tsrc/vdbe.c >vdbe.new
	mv vdbe.new tsrc/vdbe.c
	cp fts5.c fts5.h tsrc
	touch .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	cp tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .
	cp $(TOP)/ext/session/sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3ext.h:	.target_source
	cp tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .

tclsqlite3.c:	sqlite3.c
	echo '#ifndef USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE' >tclsqlite3.c
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)/src/ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)/src/date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/date.c

dbpage.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbpage.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c

dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)/src/delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/expr.c $(HDR)
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DTCLSH -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-stubs.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3$(TEXE):	tclsqlite-shell.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ tclsqlite-shell.lo \
		 libsqlite3.la $(LIBTCL)
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid$(BEXE) $(TOP)/VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) >keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/shathree.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl >shell.c




# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.la.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE 
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DBUILD_sqlite
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.la
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = sqlite3.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC += $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC$(USE_AMALGAMATION))

testfixture$(TEXE):	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC)
................................................................................
# A very fast test that checks basic sanity.  The name comes from
# the 60s-era electronics testing:  "Turn it on and see if smoke
# comes out."
#
smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzzcheck$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in >sqlite3_analyzer.c







sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

CHECKER_DEPS =\
  $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl \
  sqlite3.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.tcl \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkindex.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkfreelist.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/btreeinfo.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in

sqlite3_checker.c:	$(CHECKER_DEPS)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in >$@

sqlite3_checker$(TEXE):	sqlite3_checker.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_checker.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

dbdump$(TEXE): $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o $@ \
           $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showdb$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

................................................................................

showjournal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showwal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showshm$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c

changeset$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

rollback-test$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

LogEst$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/logest.c sqlite3.h

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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###############################################################################

# <<mark>>
# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = vdbe.lo parse.lo alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo date.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \

         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
         fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
         icu.lo insert.lo legacy.lo loadext.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\btmutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\build.c \
  $(TOP)\src\callback.c \
  $(TOP)\src\complete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\ctime.c \
  $(TOP)\src\date.c \

  $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)\src\delete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\expr.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fault.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fkey.c \
  $(TOP)\src\func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c \
  $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

# Shell source code files.
#
SRC02 = \
  $(TOP)\src\shell.c

# Core miscellaneous files.
#
SRC03 = \
  $(TOP)\src\parse.y

# Core header files, part 1.
#
................................................................................

# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \

  $(SQLITE3H)

# Generated Tcl header files
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SRC12 = \
  $(SQLITETCLH) \
................................................................................
  $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
!ELSE
SRC12 =
!ENDIF

# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC02) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)\src\test1.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test2.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test3.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)\src\test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_server.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)\src\test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_wsd.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_test.c \
................................................................................

# executables needed for testing
#
TESTPROGS = \
  testfixture.exe \
  $(SQLITE3EXE) \
  sqlite3_analyzer.exe \

  sqldiff.exe \
  dbhash.exe

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata1.db \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata5.db
# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
OSSSHELL_SRC = $(TOP)\test\ossshell.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
KV_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
DBSELFTEST_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
................................................................................
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	$(TOP)\src\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\src\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<mark>>
sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

dbhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\dbhash.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
................................................................................
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC02)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................
	del /Q tsrc\sqlite.h.in tsrc\parse.y 2>NUL
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) < tsrc\vdbe.c > vdbe.new
	move vdbe.new tsrc\vdbe.c
	echo > .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source sqlite3ext.h $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL) $(MKSQLITE3C_ARGS)
	copy tsrc\shell.c .
	copy $(TOP)\ext\session\sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3-all.c:	sqlite3.c $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
# <</mark>>

# Rule to build the amalgamation
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)\src\ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\date.c




dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)\src\delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\expr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\expr.c
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
opcodes.c:	opcodes.h $(TOP)\tool\mkopcodec.tcl
................................................................................
mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h












# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c

................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.lib.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) $(TEST_CCONV_OPTS)

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	echo #define TCLSH 2 > $@
	echo #define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1 >> $@
	copy $@ + $(SQLITE3C) + $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $@
	echo static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){ >> $@
	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\tostr.tcl $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


















dbdump.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE $(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS)

testloadext.lo:	$(TOP)\src\test_loadext.c
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -c $(TOP)\src\test_loadext.c

................................................................................
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showjournal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

showwal.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)




changeset.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK=1 \
		$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

fts3view.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\fts3\tool\fts3view.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \







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###############################################################################

# <<mark>>
# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = vdbe.lo parse.lo alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo \
         date.lo dbpage.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \
         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
         fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
         icu.lo insert.lo legacy.lo loadext.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\btmutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\build.c \
  $(TOP)\src\callback.c \
  $(TOP)\src\complete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\ctime.c \
  $(TOP)\src\date.c \
  $(TOP)\src\dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)\src\delete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\expr.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fault.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fkey.c \
  $(TOP)\src\func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c \
  $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c






# Core miscellaneous files.
#
SRC03 = \
  $(TOP)\src\parse.y

# Core header files, part 1.
#
................................................................................

# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \
  shell.c \
  $(SQLITE3H)

# Generated Tcl header files
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SRC12 = \
  $(SQLITETCLH) \
................................................................................
  $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
!ELSE
SRC12 =
!ENDIF

# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)\src\test1.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test2.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test3.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_server.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_wsd.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_test.c \
................................................................................

# executables needed for testing
#
TESTPROGS = \
  testfixture.exe \
  $(SQLITE3EXE) \
  sqlite3_analyzer.exe \
  sqlite3_checker.exe \
  sqldiff.exe \
  dbhash.exe

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata1.db \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata5.db
# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
OSSSHELL_SRC = $(TOP)\test\ossshell.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
KV_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
DBSELFTEST_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
................................................................................
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<mark>>
sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

dbhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\dbhash.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
................................................................................
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc

	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................
	del /Q tsrc\sqlite.h.in tsrc\parse.y 2>NUL
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) < tsrc\vdbe.c > vdbe.new
	move vdbe.new tsrc\vdbe.c
	echo > .target_source

sqlite3.c:	.target_source sqlite3ext.h $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(MKSQLITE3C_TOOL) $(MKSQLITE3C_ARGS)

	copy $(TOP)\ext\session\sqlite3session.h .

sqlite3-all.c:	sqlite3.c $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\split-sqlite3c.tcl
# <</mark>>

# Rule to build the amalgamation
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)\src\ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\date.c

dbpage.lo:	$(TOP)\src\dbpage.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbpage.c

dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)\src\dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)\src\delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\expr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\expr.c
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
opcodes.c:	opcodes.h $(TOP)\tool\mkopcodec.tcl
................................................................................
mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)\src\shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\shathree.c \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)\tool\mkshellc.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mkshellc.tcl > shell.c


# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c

................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.lib.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) $(TEST_CCONV_OPTS)

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)\tool\mkccode.tcl $(TOP)\tool\sqlite3_analyzer.c.in $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mkccode.tcl $(TOP)\tool\sqlite3_analyzer.c.in > $@







sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

CHECKER_DEPS =\
  $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl \
  sqlite3.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.tcl \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkindex.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkfreelist.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/btreeinfo.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in

sqlite3_checker.c:	$(CHECKER_DEPS)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mkccode.tcl $(TOP)\ext\repair\sqlite3_checker.c.in > $@

sqlite3_checker.exe:	sqlite3_checker.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_checker.c \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

dbdump.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE $(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS)

testloadext.lo:	$(TOP)\src\test_loadext.c
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -c $(TOP)\src\test_loadext.c

................................................................................
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showjournal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

showwal.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

showshm.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN)	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

changeset.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK=1 \
		$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

fts3view.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\fts3\tool\fts3view.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \

Changes to VERSION.

1
3.21.0
|
1
3.22.0

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.am.

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libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h
EXTRA_sqlite3_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
sqlite3_LDADD = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@ @READLINE_LIBS@
sqlite3_DEPENDENCIES = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@
sqlite3_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS

include_HEADERS = sqlite3.h sqlite3ext.h

EXTRA_DIST = sqlite3.1 tea Makefile.msc sqlite3.rc README.txt Replace.cs
pkgconfigdir = ${libdir}/pkgconfig
pkgconfig_DATA = sqlite3.pc

man_MANS = sqlite3.1







|








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libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h
EXTRA_sqlite3_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
sqlite3_LDADD = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@ @READLINE_LIBS@
sqlite3_DEPENDENCIES = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@
sqlite3_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB

include_HEADERS = sqlite3.h sqlite3ext.h

EXTRA_DIST = sqlite3.1 tea Makefile.msc sqlite3.rc README.txt Replace.cs
pkgconfigdir = ${libdir}/pkgconfig
pkgconfig_DATA = sqlite3.pc

man_MANS = sqlite3.1

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.msc.

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927
928
929
930

931
932
933
934
935
936
937
...
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
...
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
!ENDIF


# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

!ENDIF


# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	dll shell
................................................................................

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	$(TOP)\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


# Rule to build the amalgamation
#
sqlite3.lo:	$(SQLITE3C)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(SQLITE3C)
................................................................................


# Rule to build the Win32 resources object file.
#
!IF $(USE_RC)!=0
_HASHCHAR=^#
!IF ![echo !IFNDEF VERSION > rcver.vc] && \
    ![for /F "delims=" %V in ('type "$(SQLITE3H)" ^| find "$(_HASHCHAR)define SQLITE_VERSION "') do (echo VERSION = ^^%V >> rcver.vc)] && \
    ![echo !ENDIF >> rcver.vc]
!INCLUDE rcver.vc
!ENDIF

RESOURCE_VERSION = $(VERSION:^#=)
RESOURCE_VERSION = $(RESOURCE_VERSION:define=)
RESOURCE_VERSION = $(RESOURCE_VERSION:SQLITE_VERSION=)







|
>







 







|
|







 







|







923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
...
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
...
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
!ENDIF


# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
!ENDIF


# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	dll shell
................................................................................

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


# Rule to build the amalgamation
#
sqlite3.lo:	$(SQLITE3C)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(SQLITE3C)
................................................................................


# Rule to build the Win32 resources object file.
#
!IF $(USE_RC)!=0
_HASHCHAR=^#
!IF ![echo !IFNDEF VERSION > rcver.vc] && \
    ![for /F "delims=" %V in ('type "$(SQLITE3H)" ^| "%SystemRoot%\System32\find.exe" "$(_HASHCHAR)define SQLITE_VERSION "') do (echo VERSION = ^^%V >> rcver.vc)] && \
    ![echo !ENDIF >> rcver.vc]
!INCLUDE rcver.vc
!ENDIF

RESOURCE_VERSION = $(VERSION:^#=)
RESOURCE_VERSION = $(RESOURCE_VERSION:define=)
RESOURCE_VERSION = $(RESOURCE_VERSION:SQLITE_VERSION=)

Changes to autoconf/configure.ac.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
#   --enable-static-shell
#   --enable-dynamic-extensions
#

AC_PREREQ(2.61)
AC_INIT(sqlite, --SQLITE-VERSION--, http://www.sqlite.org)
AC_CONFIG_SRCDIR([sqlite3.c])


# Use automake.
AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE([foreign])

AC_SYS_LARGEFILE

# Check for required programs.







>







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
#   --enable-static-shell
#   --enable-dynamic-extensions
#

AC_PREREQ(2.61)
AC_INIT(sqlite, --SQLITE-VERSION--, http://www.sqlite.org)
AC_CONFIG_SRCDIR([sqlite3.c])
AC_CONFIG_AUX_DIR([.])

# Use automake.
AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE([foreign])

AC_SYS_LARGEFILE

# Check for required programs.

Changes to configure.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
....
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
....
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
....
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
....
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
.....
12163
12164
12165
12166
12167
12168
12169
12170
12171
12172
12173
12174
12175
12176
12177
.....
12229
12230
12231
12232
12233
12234
12235
12236
12237
12238
12239
12240
12241
12242
12243
#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.21.0.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.21.0'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.21.0'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.21.0 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.21.0:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.21.0
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.21.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.21.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.21.0
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



|







 







|
|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
....
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
....
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
....
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
....
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
.....
12163
12164
12165
12166
12167
12168
12169
12170
12171
12172
12173
12174
12175
12176
12177
.....
12229
12230
12231
12232
12233
12234
12235
12236
12237
12238
12239
12240
12241
12242
12243
#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.22.0.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.22.0'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.22.0'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.22.0 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.22.0:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.22.0
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.22.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.22.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.22.0
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_vocab.c.

679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
    assert( iCol==1 || iCol==2 );
    if( iCol==1 ){
      iVal = pCsr->aDoc[0];
    }else{
      iVal = pCsr->aCnt[0];
    }
  }else{
    int eDetail = pCsr->pConfig->eDetail;
    assert( eType==FTS5_VOCAB_INSTANCE );
    switch( iCol ){
      case 1:
        sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, pCsr->pIter->iRowid);
        break;
      case 2: {
        int ii = -1;
        if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_FULL ){
          ii = FTS5_POS2COLUMN(pCsr->iInstPos);
        }else if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_COLUMNS ){
          ii = pCsr->iInstPos;
        }
        if( ii>=0 && ii<pCsr->pConfig->nCol ){
          const char *z = pCsr->pConfig->azCol[ii];
          sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
        }
        break;
      }







<










|







679
680
681
682
683
684
685

686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
    assert( iCol==1 || iCol==2 );
    if( iCol==1 ){
      iVal = pCsr->aDoc[0];
    }else{
      iVal = pCsr->aCnt[0];
    }
  }else{

    assert( eType==FTS5_VOCAB_INSTANCE );
    switch( iCol ){
      case 1:
        sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, pCsr->pIter->iRowid);
        break;
      case 2: {
        int ii = -1;
        if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_FULL ){
          ii = FTS5_POS2COLUMN(pCsr->iInstPos);
        }else if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_COLUMNS ){
          ii = (int)pCsr->iInstPos;
        }
        if( ii>=0 && ii<pCsr->pConfig->nCol ){
          const char *z = pCsr->pConfig->azCol[ii];
          sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
        }
        break;
      }

Changes to ext/lsm1/lsm_shared.c.

336
337
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360
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  const int nUsMax = 100000;      /* Max value for nUs */
  int nUs = 1000;                 /* us to wait between DMS1 attempts */
  int rc;

  /* Obtain a pointer to the shared-memory header */
  assert( pDb->pShmhdr==0 );
  assert( pDb->bReadonly==0 );
  rc = lsmShmCacheChunks(pDb, 1);
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ) return rc;
  pDb->pShmhdr = (ShmHeader *)pDb->apShm[0];

  /* Block for an exclusive lock on DMS1. This lock serializes all calls
  ** to doDbConnect() and doDbDisconnect() across all processes.  */
  while( 1 ){
    rc = lsmShmLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS1, LSM_LOCK_EXCL, 1);
    if( rc!=LSM_BUSY ) break;
    lsmEnvSleep(pDb->pEnv, nUs);
    nUs = nUs * 2;
    if( nUs>nUsMax ) nUs = nUsMax;
  }
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ){
    pDb->pShmhdr = 0;
    return rc;
  }



  /* Try an exclusive lock on DMS2/DMS3. If successful, this is the first 
  ** and only connection to the database. In this case initialize the 
  ** shared-memory and run log file recovery.  */
  assert( LSM_LOCK_DMS3==1+LSM_LOCK_DMS2 );
  rc = lsmShmTestLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS2, 2, LSM_LOCK_EXCL);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
................................................................................
    rc = lsmFsOpen(pDb, zName, p->bReadonly);
  }

  /* If the db handle is read-write, then connect to the system now. Run
  ** recovery as necessary. Or, if this is a read-only database handle,
  ** defer attempting to connect to the system until a read-transaction
  ** is opened.  */
  if( pDb->bReadonly==0 ){
    if( rc==LSM_OK ){
      rc = lsmFsConfigure(pDb);
    }
    if( rc==LSM_OK ){
      rc = doDbConnect(pDb);
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

static void dbDeferClose(lsm_db *pDb){
  if( pDb->pFS ){







<
<
<










|
|
<

>
>







 







<
|
|
|
|
|
<







336
337
338
339
340
341
342



343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354

355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
...
516
517
518
519
520
521
522

523
524
525
526
527

528
529
530
531
532
533
534
  const int nUsMax = 100000;      /* Max value for nUs */
  int nUs = 1000;                 /* us to wait between DMS1 attempts */
  int rc;

  /* Obtain a pointer to the shared-memory header */
  assert( pDb->pShmhdr==0 );
  assert( pDb->bReadonly==0 );




  /* Block for an exclusive lock on DMS1. This lock serializes all calls
  ** to doDbConnect() and doDbDisconnect() across all processes.  */
  while( 1 ){
    rc = lsmShmLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS1, LSM_LOCK_EXCL, 1);
    if( rc!=LSM_BUSY ) break;
    lsmEnvSleep(pDb->pEnv, nUs);
    nUs = nUs * 2;
    if( nUs>nUsMax ) nUs = nUsMax;
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = lsmShmCacheChunks(pDb, 1);

  }
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ) return rc;
  pDb->pShmhdr = (ShmHeader *)pDb->apShm[0];

  /* Try an exclusive lock on DMS2/DMS3. If successful, this is the first 
  ** and only connection to the database. In this case initialize the 
  ** shared-memory and run log file recovery.  */
  assert( LSM_LOCK_DMS3==1+LSM_LOCK_DMS2 );
  rc = lsmShmTestLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS2, 2, LSM_LOCK_EXCL);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
................................................................................
    rc = lsmFsOpen(pDb, zName, p->bReadonly);
  }

  /* If the db handle is read-write, then connect to the system now. Run
  ** recovery as necessary. Or, if this is a read-only database handle,
  ** defer attempting to connect to the system until a read-transaction
  ** is opened.  */

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = lsmFsConfigure(pDb);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK && pDb->bReadonly==0 ){
    rc = doDbConnect(pDb);

  }

  return rc;
}

static void dbDeferClose(lsm_db *pDb){
  if( pDb->pFS ){

Added ext/misc/btreeinfo.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017-10-24
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains an implementation of the "sqlite_btreeinfo" virtual table.
**
** The sqlite_btreeinfo virtual table is a read-only eponymous-only virtual
** table that shows information about all btrees in an SQLite database file.
** The schema is like this:
**
** CREATE TABLE sqlite_btreeinfo(
**    type TEXT,                   -- "table" or "index"
**    name TEXT,                   -- Name of table or index for this btree.
**    tbl_name TEXT,               -- Associated table
**    rootpage INT,                -- The root page of the btree
**    sql TEXT,                    -- SQL for this btree - from sqlite_master
**    hasRowid BOOLEAN,            -- True if the btree has a rowid
**    nEntry INT,                  -- Estimated number of enteries
**    nPage INT,                   -- Estimated number of pages
**    depth INT,                   -- Depth of the btree
**    szPage INT,                  -- Size of each page in bytes
**    zSchema TEXT HIDDEN          -- The schema to which this btree belongs
** );
**
** The first 5 fields are taken directly from the sqlite_master table.
** Considering only the first 5 fields, the only difference between 
** this virtual table and the sqlite_master table is that this virtual
** table omits all entries that have a 0 or NULL rowid - in other words
** it omits triggers and views.
**
** The value added by this table comes in the next 5 fields.
**
** Note that nEntry and nPage are *estimated*.  They are computed doing
** a single search from the root to a leaf, counting the number of cells
** at each level, and assuming that unvisited pages have a similar number
** of cells.
**
** The sqlite_dbpage virtual table must be available for this virtual table
** to operate.
**
** USAGE EXAMPLES:
**
** Show the table btrees in a schema order with the tables with the most
** rows occuring first:
**
**      SELECT name, nEntry
**        FROM sqlite_btreeinfo
**       WHERE type='table'
**       ORDER BY nEntry DESC, name;
**
** Show the names of all WITHOUT ROWID tables: 
**
**      SELECT name FROM sqlite_btreeinfo
**       WHERE type='table' AND NOT hasRowid;
*/
#if !defined(SQLITEINT_H)
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

/* Columns available in this virtual table */
#define BINFO_COLUMN_TYPE         0
#define BINFO_COLUMN_NAME         1
#define BINFO_COLUMN_TBL_NAME     2
#define BINFO_COLUMN_ROOTPAGE     3
#define BINFO_COLUMN_SQL          4
#define BINFO_COLUMN_HASROWID     5
#define BINFO_COLUMN_NENTRY       6
#define BINFO_COLUMN_NPAGE        7
#define BINFO_COLUMN_DEPTH        8
#define BINFO_COLUMN_SZPAGE       9
#define BINFO_COLUMN_SCHEMA      10

/* Forward declarations */
typedef struct BinfoTable BinfoTable;
typedef struct BinfoCursor BinfoCursor;

/* A cursor for the sqlite_btreeinfo table */
struct BinfoCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;       /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;            /* Query against sqlite_master */
  int rc;                         /* Result of previous sqlite_step() call */
  int hasRowid;                   /* hasRowid value.  Negative if unknown. */
  sqlite3_int64 nEntry;           /* nEntry value */
  int nPage;                      /* nPage value */
  int depth;                      /* depth value */
  int szPage;                     /* size of a btree page.  0 if unknown */
  char *zSchema;                  /* Schema being interrogated */
};

/* The sqlite_btreeinfo table */
struct BinfoTable {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The databse connection */
};

/*
** Connect to the sqlite_btreeinfo virtual table.
*/
static int binfoConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  BinfoTable *pTab = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, 
      "CREATE TABLE x(\n"
      " type TEXT,\n"
      " name TEXT,\n"
      " tbl_name TEXT,\n"
      " rootpage INT,\n"
      " sql TEXT,\n"
      " hasRowid BOOLEAN,\n"
      " nEntry INT,\n"
      " nPage INT,\n"
      " depth INT,\n"
      " szPage INT,\n"
      " zSchema TEXT HIDDEN\n"
      ")");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTab = (BinfoTable *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(BinfoTable));
    if( pTab==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pTab==0 );
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->db = db;
  }
  *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pTab;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Disconnect from or destroy a btreeinfo virtual table.
*/
static int binfoDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** idxNum:
**
**     0     Use "main" for the schema
**     1     Schema identified by parameter ?1
*/
static int binfoBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
  int i;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 10000.0;  /* Cost estimate */
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 100;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->usable
     && p->iColumn==BINFO_COLUMN_SCHEMA
     && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ
    ){
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1000.0;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new btreeinfo cursor.
*/
static int binfoOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr;

  pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(BinfoCursor));
  if( pCsr==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(BinfoCursor));
    pCsr->base.pVtab = pVTab;
  }

  *ppCursor = (sqlite3_vtab_cursor *)pCsr;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a btreeinfo cursor.
*/
static int binfoClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zSchema);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move a btreeinfo cursor to the next entry in the file.
*/
static int binfoNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  pCsr->rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
  pCsr->hasRowid = -1;
  return pCsr->rc==SQLITE_ERROR ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_OK;
}

/* We have reached EOF if previous sqlite3_step() returned
** anything other than SQLITE_ROW;
*/
static int binfoEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  return pCsr->rc!=SQLITE_ROW;
}

/* Position a cursor back to the beginning.
*/
static int binfoFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  BinfoTable *pTab = (BinfoTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  char *zSql;
  int rc;

  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zSchema);
  if( idxNum==1 && sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
    pCsr->zSchema = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]));
  }else{
    pCsr->zSchema = sqlite3_mprintf("main");
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT 0, 'table','sqlite_master','sqlite_master',1,NULL "
      "UNION ALL "
      "SELECT rowid, type, name, tbl_name, rootpage, sql"
      " FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master WHERE rootpage>=1",
       pCsr->zSchema);
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  pCsr->pStmt = 0;
  pCsr->hasRowid = -1;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pTab->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = binfoNext(pCursor);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Decode big-endian integers */
static unsigned int get_uint16(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<8)|a[1];
}
static unsigned int get_uint32(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<24)|(a[1]<<16)|(a[2]<<8)|a[3];
}

/* Examine the b-tree rooted at pgno and estimate its size.
** Return non-zero if anything goes wrong.
*/
static int binfoCompute(sqlite3 *db, int pgno, BinfoCursor *pCsr){
  sqlite3_int64 nEntry = 1;
  int nPage = 1;
  unsigned char *aData;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int pgsz = 0;
  int nCell;
  int iCell;

  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, 
           "SELECT data FROM sqlite_dbpage('main') WHERE pgno=?1", -1,
           &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCsr->depth = 1;
  while(1){
    sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, pgno);
    rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }
    pCsr->szPage = pgsz = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0);
    aData = (unsigned char*)sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 0);
    if( aData==0 ){    
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      break;
    }
    if( pgno==1 ){
      aData += 100;
      pgsz -= 100;
    }
    pCsr->hasRowid = aData[0]!=2 && aData[0]!=10;
    nCell = get_uint16(aData+3);
    nEntry *= (nCell+1);
    if( aData[0]==10 || aData[0]==13 ) break;
    nPage *= (nCell+1);
    if( nCell<=1 ){
      pgno = get_uint32(aData+8);
    }else{
      iCell = get_uint16(aData+12+2*(nCell/2));
      if( pgno==1 ) iCell -= 100;
      if( iCell<=12 || iCell>=pgsz-4 ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
      }
      pgno = get_uint32(aData+iCell);
    }
    pCsr->depth++;
    sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  pCsr->nPage = nPage;
  pCsr->nEntry = nEntry;
  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  return rc;
}

/* Return a column for the sqlite_btreeinfo table */
static int binfoColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i
){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  if( i>=BINFO_COLUMN_HASROWID && i<=BINFO_COLUMN_SZPAGE && pCsr->hasRowid<0 ){
    int pgno = sqlite3_column_int(pCsr->pStmt, BINFO_COLUMN_ROOTPAGE+1);
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx);
    int rc = binfoCompute(db, pgno, pCsr);
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
  }
  switch( i ){
    case BINFO_COLUMN_NAME:
    case BINFO_COLUMN_TYPE:
    case BINFO_COLUMN_TBL_NAME:
    case BINFO_COLUMN_ROOTPAGE:
    case BINFO_COLUMN_SQL: {
      sqlite3_result_value(ctx, sqlite3_column_value(pCsr->pStmt, i+1));
      break;
    }
    case BINFO_COLUMN_HASROWID: {
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->hasRowid);
      break;
    }
    case BINFO_COLUMN_NENTRY: {
      sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, pCsr->nEntry);
      break;
    }
    case BINFO_COLUMN_NPAGE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->nPage);
      break;
    }
    case BINFO_COLUMN_DEPTH: {
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->depth);
      break;
    }
    case BINFO_COLUMN_SCHEMA: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCsr->zSchema, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the ROWID for the sqlite_btreeinfo table */
static int binfoRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  BinfoCursor *pCsr = (BinfoCursor *)pCursor;
  *pRowid = sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Invoke this routine to register the "sqlite_btreeinfo" virtual table module
*/
int sqlite3BinfoRegister(sqlite3 *db){
  static sqlite3_module binfo_module = {
    0,                           /* iVersion */
    0,                           /* xCreate */
    binfoConnect,                /* xConnect */
    binfoBestIndex,              /* xBestIndex */
    binfoDisconnect,             /* xDisconnect */
    0,                           /* xDestroy */
    binfoOpen,                   /* xOpen - open a cursor */
    binfoClose,                  /* xClose - close a cursor */
    binfoFilter,                 /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
    binfoNext,                   /* xNext - advance a cursor */
    binfoEof,                    /* xEof - check for end of scan */
    binfoColumn,                 /* xColumn - read data */
    binfoRowid,                  /* xRowid - read data */
    0,                           /* xUpdate */
    0,                           /* xBegin */
    0,                           /* xSync */
    0,                           /* xCommit */
    0,                           /* xRollback */
    0,                           /* xFindMethod */
    0,                           /* xRename */
    0,                           /* xSavepoint */
    0,                           /* xRelease */
    0,                           /* xRollbackTo */
  };
  return sqlite3_create_module(db, "sqlite_btreeinfo", &binfo_module, 0);
}

#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_btreeinfo_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  return sqlite3BinfoRegister(db);
}

Changes to ext/misc/spellfix.c.

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1128
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....
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*/
static int editDist3Install(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc;
  EditDist3Config *pConfig = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pConfig) );
  if( pConfig==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pConfig, 0, sizeof(*pConfig));
  rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",

              2, SQLITE_UTF8, pConfig, editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",

                3, SQLITE_UTF8, pConfig, editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",
                1, SQLITE_UTF8, pConfig, editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0,
                editDist3ConfigDelete);
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pConfig);
  }
  return rc;
}
/* End configurable cost unicode edit distance routines
******************************************************************************
................................................................................

/*
** Register the various functions and the virtual table.
*/
static int spellfix1Register(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_translit", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,

                                  transliterateSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_editdist", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,

                                  editdistSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_phonehash", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,

                                  phoneticHashSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_scriptcode", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,

                                  scriptCodeSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "spellfix1", &spellfix1Module, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = editDist3Install(db);







>
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*/
static int editDist3Install(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc;
  EditDist3Config *pConfig = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pConfig) );
  if( pConfig==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pConfig, 0, sizeof(*pConfig));
  rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",
              2, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, pConfig,
              editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",
                3, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, pConfig,
                editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, "editdist3",
                1, SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, pConfig,
                editDist3SqlFunc, 0, 0, editDist3ConfigDelete);
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pConfig);
  }
  return rc;
}
/* End configurable cost unicode edit distance routines
******************************************************************************
................................................................................

/*
** Register the various functions and the virtual table.
*/
static int spellfix1Register(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_translit", 1,
                               SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                transliterateSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_editdist", 2,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                  editdistSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_phonehash", 1,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                  phoneticHashSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "spellfix1_scriptcode", 1,
                                  SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                  scriptCodeSqlFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "spellfix1", &spellfix1Module, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = editDist3Install(db);

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c.

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#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "windows.h"
#endif

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16








/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

................................................................................
  }
  z--;
  *pLen -= z - zStart;
  *pz = (char*)z;
  return v;
}


/*
** Compute a 32-bit checksum on the N-byte buffer.  Return the result.
*/
static unsigned int rbuDeltaChecksum(const char *zIn, size_t N){
  const unsigned char *z = (const unsigned char *)zIn;
  unsigned sum0 = 0;
  unsigned sum1 = 0;
................................................................................
    case 3:   sum3 += (z[2] << 8);
    case 2:   sum3 += (z[1] << 16);
    case 1:   sum3 += (z[0] << 24);
    default:  ;
  }
  return sum3;
}


/*
** Apply a delta.
**
** The output buffer should be big enough to hold the whole output
** file and a NUL terminator at the end.  The delta_output_size()
** routine will determine this size for you.
................................................................................
  int lenSrc,            /* Length of the source file */
  const char *zDelta,    /* Delta to apply to the pattern */
  int lenDelta,          /* Length of the delta */
  char *zOut             /* Write the output into this preallocated buffer */
){
  unsigned int limit;
  unsigned int total = 0;
#ifndef FOSSIL_OMIT_DELTA_CKSUM_TEST
  char *zOrigOut = zOut;
#endif

  limit = rbuDeltaGetInt(&zDelta, &lenDelta);
  if( *zDelta!='\n' ){
    /* ERROR: size integer not terminated by "\n" */
    return -1;
................................................................................
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
        break;
      }
      case ';': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        zOut[0] = 0;
#ifndef FOSSIL_OMIT_DELTA_CKSUM_TEST
        if( cnt!=rbuDeltaChecksum(zOrigOut, total) ){
          /* ERROR:  bad checksum */
          return -1;
        }
#endif
        if( total!=limit ){
          /* ERROR: generated size does not match predicted size */







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#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "windows.h"
#endif

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16

/* Delta checksums disabled by default.  Compile with -DRBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
** to enable checksum verification.
*/
#ifndef RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
# define RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM 0
#endif

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

................................................................................
  }
  z--;
  *pLen -= z - zStart;
  *pz = (char*)z;
  return v;
}

#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
/*
** Compute a 32-bit checksum on the N-byte buffer.  Return the result.
*/
static unsigned int rbuDeltaChecksum(const char *zIn, size_t N){
  const unsigned char *z = (const unsigned char *)zIn;
  unsigned sum0 = 0;
  unsigned sum1 = 0;
................................................................................
    case 3:   sum3 += (z[2] << 8);
    case 2:   sum3 += (z[1] << 16);
    case 1:   sum3 += (z[0] << 24);
    default:  ;
  }
  return sum3;
}
#endif

/*
** Apply a delta.
**
** The output buffer should be big enough to hold the whole output
** file and a NUL terminator at the end.  The delta_output_size()
** routine will determine this size for you.
................................................................................
  int lenSrc,            /* Length of the source file */
  const char *zDelta,    /* Delta to apply to the pattern */
  int lenDelta,          /* Length of the delta */
  char *zOut             /* Write the output into this preallocated buffer */
){
  unsigned int limit;
  unsigned int total = 0;
#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
  char *zOrigOut = zOut;
#endif

  limit = rbuDeltaGetInt(&zDelta, &lenDelta);
  if( *zDelta!='\n' ){
    /* ERROR: size integer not terminated by "\n" */
    return -1;
................................................................................
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
        break;
      }
      case ';': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        zOut[0] = 0;
#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
        if( cnt!=rbuDeltaChecksum(zOrigOut, total) ){
          /* ERROR:  bad checksum */
          return -1;
        }
#endif
        if( total!=limit ){
          /* ERROR: generated size does not match predicted size */

Added ext/repair/README.md.

































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This folder contains extensions and utility programs intended to analyze
live database files, detect problems, and possibly fix them.

As SQLite is being used on larger and larger databases, database sizes
are growing into the terabyte range.  At that size, hardware malfunctions
and/or cosmic rays will occasionally corrupt a database file.  Detecting 
problems and fixing errors a terabyte-sized databases can take hours or days,
and it is undesirable to take applications that depend on the databases 
off-line for such a long time.
The utilities in the folder are intended to provide mechanisms for
detecting and fixing problems in large databases while those databases
are in active use.

The utilities and extensions in this folder are experimental and under
active development at the time of this writing (2017-10-12).  If and when
they stabilize, this README will be updated to reflect that fact.

Added ext/repair/checkfreelist.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017 October 11
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This module exports a single C function:
**
**   int sqlite3_check_freelist(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
**
** This function checks the free-list in database zDb (one of "main", 
** "temp", etc.) and reports any errors by invoking the sqlite3_log()
** function. It returns SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error
** code otherwise. It is not an error if the free-list is corrupted but
** no IO or OOM errors occur.
**
** If this file is compiled and loaded as an SQLite loadable extension,
** it adds an SQL function "checkfreelist" to the database handle, to
** be invoked as follows:
**
**   SELECT checkfreelist(<database-name>);
**
** This function performs the same checks as sqlite3_check_freelist(),
** except that it returns all error messages as a single text value,
** separated by newline characters. If the freelist is not corrupted
** in any way, an empty string is returned.
**
** To compile this module for use as an SQLite loadable extension:
**
**   gcc -Os -fPIC -shared checkfreelist.c -o checkfreelist.so
*/

#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
# include <string.h>
# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <assert.h>
# define ALWAYS(X)  1
# define NEVER(X)   0
  typedef unsigned char u8;
  typedef unsigned short u16;
  typedef unsigned int u32;
#define get4byte(x) (        \
    ((u32)((x)[0])<<24) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[1])<<16) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[2])<<8) +     \
    ((u32)((x)[3]))          \
)
#endif

/*
** Execute a single PRAGMA statement and return the integer value returned
** via output parameter (*pnOut).
**
** The SQL statement passed as the third argument should be a printf-style
** format string containing a single "%s" which will be replace by the
** value passed as the second argument. e.g.
**
**   sqlGetInteger(db, "main", "PRAGMA %s.page_count", pnOut)
**
** executes "PRAGMA main.page_count" and stores the results in (*pnOut).
*/
static int sqlGetInteger(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Database name ("main", "temp" etc.) */
  const char *zFmt,               /* SQL statement format */
  u32 *pnOut                      /* OUT: Integer value */
){
  int rc, rc2;
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int bOk = 0;

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, zDb);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
    *pnOut = (u32)sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    bOk = 1;
  }

  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk==0 ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Argument zFmt must be a printf-style format string and must be 
** followed by its required arguments. If argument pzOut is NULL, 
** then the results of printf()ing the format string are passed to
** sqlite3_log(). Otherwise, they are appended to the string
** at (*pzOut).
*/
static int checkFreelistError(char **pzOut, const char *zFmt, ...){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  va_list ap;

  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zErr = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( zErr==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    if( pzOut ){
      *pzOut = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%z%s", *pzOut?"\n":"", *pzOut, zErr);
      if( *pzOut==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR, "checkfreelist: %s", zErr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
  }
  va_end(ap);
  return rc;
}

static int checkFreelist(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  char **pzOut
){
  /* This query returns one row for each page on the free list. Each row has
  ** two columns - the page number and page content.  */
  const char *zTrunk = 
    "WITH freelist_trunk(i, d, n) AS ("
      "SELECT 1, NULL, sqlite_readint32(data, 32) "
      "FROM sqlite_dbpage(:1) WHERE pgno=1 "
        "UNION ALL "
      "SELECT n, data, sqlite_readint32(data) "
      "FROM freelist_trunk, sqlite_dbpage(:1) WHERE pgno=n "
    ")"
    "SELECT i, d FROM freelist_trunk WHERE i!=1;";

  int rc, rc2;                    /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTrunk = 0;       /* Compilation of zTrunk */
  u32 nPage = 0;                  /* Number of pages in db */
  u32 nExpected = 0;              /* Expected number of free pages */
  u32 nFree = 0;                  /* Number of pages on free list */

  if( zDb==0 ) zDb = "main";

  if( (rc = sqlGetInteger(db, zDb, "PRAGMA %s.page_count", &nPage))
   || (rc = sqlGetInteger(db, zDb, "PRAGMA %s.freelist_count", &nExpected))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zTrunk, -1, &pTrunk, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  sqlite3_bind_text(pTrunk, 1, zDb, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pTrunk)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    u32 i;
    u32 iTrunk = (u32)sqlite3_column_int(pTrunk, 0);
    const u8 *aData = (const u8*)sqlite3_column_blob(pTrunk, 1);
    u32 nData = (u32)sqlite3_column_bytes(pTrunk, 1);
    u32 iNext = get4byte(&aData[0]);
    u32 nLeaf = get4byte(&aData[4]);

    if( nLeaf>((nData/4)-2-6) ){
      rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut, 
          "leaf count out of range (%d) on trunk page %d", 
          (int)nLeaf, (int)iTrunk
      );
      nLeaf = (nData/4) - 2 - 6;
    }

    nFree += 1+nLeaf;
    if( iNext>nPage ){
      rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut, 
          "trunk page %d is out of range", (int)iNext
      );
    }

    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nLeaf; i++){
      u32 iLeaf = get4byte(&aData[8 + 4*i]);
      if( iLeaf==0 || iLeaf>nPage ){
        rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut,
            "leaf page %d is out of range (child %d of trunk page %d)", 
            (int)iLeaf, (int)i, (int)iTrunk
        );
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nFree!=nExpected ){
    rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut,
        "free-list count mismatch: actual=%d header=%d", 
        (int)nFree, (int)nExpected
    );
  }

  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pTrunk);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  return rc;
}

int sqlite3_check_freelist(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  return checkFreelist(db, zDb, 0);
}

static void checkfreelist_function(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nArg,
  sqlite3_value **apArg
){
  const char *zDb;
  int rc;
  char *zOut = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(pCtx);

  assert( nArg==1 );
  zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
  rc = checkFreelist(db, zDb, &zOut);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut?zOut:"ok", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }

  sqlite3_free(zOut);
}

/*
** An SQL function invoked as follows:
**
**   sqlite_readint32(BLOB)           -- Decode 32-bit integer from start of blob
*/
static void readint_function(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nArg,
  sqlite3_value **apArg
){
  const u8 *zBlob;
  int nBlob;
  int iOff = 0;
  u32 iRet = 0;

  if( nArg!=1 && nArg!=2 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(
        pCtx, "wrong number of arguments to function sqlite_readint32()", -1
    );
    return;
  }
  if( nArg==2 ){
    iOff = sqlite3_value_int(apArg[1]);
  }

  zBlob = sqlite3_value_blob(apArg[0]);
  nBlob = sqlite3_value_bytes(apArg[0]);

  if( nBlob>=(iOff+4) ){
    iRet = get4byte(&zBlob[iOff]);
  }

  sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, (sqlite3_int64)iRet);
}

/*
** Register the SQL functions.
*/
static int cflRegister(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "sqlite_readint32", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, readint_function, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "checkfreelist", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, checkfreelist_function, 0, 0
  );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Extension load function.
*/
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_checkfreelist_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  return cflRegister(db);
}

Added ext/repair/checkindex.c.

























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017 October 27
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
*/

#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
# include <string.h>
# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <assert.h>
# define ALWAYS(X)  1
# define NEVER(X)   0
  typedef unsigned char u8;
  typedef unsigned short u16;
  typedef unsigned int u32;
#define get4byte(x) (        \
    ((u32)((x)[0])<<24) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[1])<<16) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[2])<<8) +     \
    ((u32)((x)[3]))          \
)
#endif

typedef struct CidxTable CidxTable;
typedef struct CidxCursor CidxCursor;

struct CidxTable {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;
};

struct CidxCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;       /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
};

typedef struct CidxColumn CidxColumn;
struct CidxColumn {
  char *zExpr;                    /* Text for indexed expression */
  int bDesc;                      /* True for DESC columns, otherwise false */
  int bKey;                       /* Part of index, not PK */
};

typedef struct CidxIndex CidxIndex;
struct CidxIndex {
  int nCol;                       /* Elements in aCol[] array */
  CidxColumn aCol[1];             /* Array of indexed columns */
};

static void *cidxMalloc(int *pRc, int n){
  void *pRet = 0;
  assert( n!=0 );
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pRet = sqlite3_malloc(n);
    if( pRet ){
      memset(pRet, 0, n);
    }else{
      *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  return pRet;
}

static void cidxCursorError(CidxCursor *pCsr, const char *zFmt, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  assert( pCsr->base.pVtab->zErrMsg==0 );
  pCsr->base.pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}

/*
** Connect to then incremental_index_check virtual table.
*/
static int cidxConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  CidxTable *pRet;

#define IIC_ERRMSG        0
#define IIC_CURRENT_KEY   1
#define IIC_INDEX_NAME    2
#define IIC_AFTER_KEY     3
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db,
      "CREATE TABLE xyz("
      " errmsg TEXT, current_key TEXT,"
      " index_name HIDDEN, after_key HIDDEN"
      ")"
  );
  pRet = cidxMalloc(&rc, sizeof(CidxTable));
  if( pRet ){
    pRet->db = db;
  }

  *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pRet;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Disconnect from or destroy an incremental_index_check virtual table.
*/
static int cidxDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  CidxTable *pTab = (CidxTable*)pVtab;
  sqlite3_free(pTab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** xBestIndex method.
*/
static int cidxBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  int iIdxName = -1;
  int iAfterKey = -1;
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( p->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;

    if( p->iColumn==IIC_INDEX_NAME ){
      iIdxName = i;
    }
    if( p->iColumn==IIC_AFTER_KEY ){
      iAfterKey = i;
    }
  }

  if( iIdxName<0 ){
    pInfo->estimatedCost = 1000000000.0;
  }else{
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iIdxName].argvIndex = 1;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iIdxName].omit = 1;
    if( iAfterKey<0 ){
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1000000.0;
    }else{
      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iAfterKey].argvIndex = 2;
      pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iAfterKey].omit = 1;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1000.0;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new btreeinfo cursor.
*/
static int cidxOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  CidxCursor *pRet;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  pRet = cidxMalloc(&rc, sizeof(CidxCursor));

  *ppCursor = (sqlite3_vtab_cursor*)pRet;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a btreeinfo cursor.
*/
static int cidxClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  CidxCursor *pCsr = (CidxCursor*)pCursor;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  pCsr->pStmt = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move a btreeinfo cursor to the next entry in the file.
*/
static int cidxNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  CidxCursor *pCsr = (CidxCursor*)pCursor;
  int rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
    pCsr->pStmt = 0;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3 *db = ((CidxTable*)pCsr->base.pVtab)->db;
      cidxCursorError(pCsr, "Cursor error: %s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }else{
    pCsr->iRowid++;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* We have reached EOF if previous sqlite3_step() returned
** anything other than SQLITE_ROW;
*/
static int cidxEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  CidxCursor *pCsr = (CidxCursor*)pCursor;
  return pCsr->pStmt==0;
}

static char *cidxMprintf(int *pRc, const char *zFmt, ...){
  char *zRet = 0;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zRet = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zRet==0 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(zRet);
    zRet = 0;
  }
  va_end(ap);
  return zRet;
}

static sqlite3_stmt *cidxPrepare(
  int *pRc, CidxCursor *pCsr, const char *zFmt, ...
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pRet = 0;
  char *zSql;
  va_list ap;                     /* ... printf arguments */
  va_start(ap, zFmt);

  zSql = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zSql==0 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3 *db = ((CidxTable*)pCsr->base.pVtab)->db;
      *pRc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pRet, 0);
      if( *pRc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        cidxCursorError(pCsr, "SQL error: %s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  va_end(ap);

  return pRet;
}

static void cidxFinalize(int *pRc, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ) *pRc = rc;
}

char *cidxStrdup(int *pRc, const char *zStr){
  char *zRet = 0;
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int n = (int)strlen(zStr);
    zRet = cidxMalloc(pRc, n+1);
    if( zRet ) memcpy(zRet, zStr, n+1);
  }
  return zRet;
}

static void cidxFreeIndex(CidxIndex *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      sqlite3_free(pIdx->aCol[i].zExpr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIdx);
  }
}

static int cidx_isspace(char c){
  return c==' ' || c=='\t' || c=='\r' || c=='\n';
}

static int cidx_isident(char c){
  return c<0 
    || (c>='0' && c<='9') || (c>='a' && c<='z') 
    || (c>='A' && c<='Z') || c=='_';
}

#define CIDX_PARSE_EOF   0
#define CIDX_PARSE_COMMA 1      /*  "," */
#define CIDX_PARSE_OPEN  2      /*  "(" */
#define CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE 3      /*  ")" */

static int cidxFindNext(
  const char *zIn, 
  const char **pzOut,
  int *pbDoNotTrim                /* OUT: True if prev is -- comment */
){
  const char *z = zIn;

  while( 1 ){
    if( z[0]=='-' && z[1]=='-' ){
      z += 2;
      while( z[0]!='\n' ){
        if( z[0]=='\0' ) return CIDX_PARSE_EOF;
        z++;
      }
      while( cidx_isspace(*z) ) z++;
      *pbDoNotTrim = 1;
    }else{
      *pzOut = z;
      switch( *z ){
        case '\0':
          return CIDX_PARSE_EOF;
        case '(':
          return CIDX_PARSE_OPEN;
        case ')':
          return CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE;
        case ',':
          return CIDX_PARSE_COMMA;
  
        case '"': 
        case '\'': 
        case '`': {
          char q = *z;
          z++;
          while( *z ){
            if( *z==q ){
              z++;
              if( *z!=q ) break;
            }
            z++;
          }
          break;
        }
  
        case '[':
          while( *z++!=']' );
          break;
  
        case '/':
          if( z[1]=='*' ){
            z += 2;
            while( z[0]!='*' || z[1]!='/' ){
              if( z[1]=='\0' ) return CIDX_PARSE_EOF;
              z++;
            }
            z += 2;
            break;
          }
  
        default:
          z++;
          break;
      }
      *pbDoNotTrim = 0;
    }
  }

  assert( 0 );
  return -1;
}

static int cidxParseSQL(CidxCursor *pCsr, CidxIndex *pIdx, const char *zSql){
  const char *z = zSql;
  const char *z1;
  int e;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nParen = 1;
  int bDoNotTrim = 0;
  CidxColumn *pCol = pIdx->aCol;

  e = cidxFindNext(z, &z, &bDoNotTrim);
  if( e!=CIDX_PARSE_OPEN ) goto parse_error;
  z1 = z+1;
  z++;
  while( nParen>0 ){
    e = cidxFindNext(z, &z, &bDoNotTrim);
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_EOF ) goto parse_error;
    if( (e==CIDX_PARSE_COMMA || e==CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE) && nParen==1 ){
      const char *z2 = z;
      if( pCol->zExpr ) goto parse_error;

      if( bDoNotTrim==0 ){
        while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
        if( !sqlite3_strnicmp(&z[-3], "asc", 3) && 0==cidx_isident(z[-4]) ){
          z -= 3;
          while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
        }else
          if( !sqlite3_strnicmp(&z[-4], "desc", 4) && 0==cidx_isident(z[-5]) ){
            z -= 4;
            while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
          }
        while( cidx_isspace(z1[0]) ) z1++;
      }

      pCol->zExpr = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%.*s", z-z1, z1);
      pCol++;
      z = z1 = z2+1;
    }
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_OPEN ) nParen++;
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE ) nParen--;
    z++;
  }

  return rc;

 parse_error:
  cidxCursorError(pCsr, "Parse error in: %s", zSql);
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

static int cidxLookupIndex(
  CidxCursor *pCsr,               /* Cursor object */
  const char *zIdx,               /* Name of index to look up */
  CidxIndex **ppIdx,              /* OUT: Description of columns */
  char **pzTab                    /* OUT: Table name */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zTab = 0;
  CidxIndex *pIdx = 0;

  sqlite3_stmt *pFindTab = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInfo = 0;
    
  /* Find the table for this index. */
  pFindTab = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
      "SELECT tbl_name, sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
      zIdx
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pFindTab)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pFindTab, 1);
    zTab = cidxStrdup(&rc, (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pFindTab, 0));

    pInfo = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "PRAGMA index_xinfo(%Q)", zIdx);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int nAlloc = 0;
      int iCol = 0;

      while( sqlite3_step(pInfo)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 2);
        const char *zColl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 4);
        CidxColumn *p;
        if( zName==0 ) zName = "rowid";
        if( iCol==nAlloc ){
          int nByte = sizeof(CidxIndex) + sizeof(CidxColumn)*(nAlloc+8);
          pIdx = (CidxIndex*)sqlite3_realloc(pIdx, nByte);
          nAlloc += 8;
        }
        p = &pIdx->aCol[iCol++];
        p->bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 3);
        p->bKey = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 5);
        if( zSql==0 || p->bKey==0 ){
          p->zExpr = cidxMprintf(&rc, "\"%w\" COLLATE %s",zName,zColl);
        }else{
          p->zExpr = 0;
        }
        pIdx->nCol = iCol;
      }
      cidxFinalize(&rc, pInfo);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zSql ){
      rc = cidxParseSQL(pCsr, pIdx, zSql);
    }
  }

  cidxFinalize(&rc, pFindTab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zTab==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
  }else{
    *pzTab = zTab;
    *ppIdx = pIdx;
  }

  return rc;
}

static int cidxDecodeAfter(
  CidxCursor *pCsr, 
  int nCol, 
  const char *zAfterKey, 
  char ***pazAfter
){
  char **azAfter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nAfterKey = (int)strlen(zAfterKey);

  azAfter = cidxMalloc(&rc, sizeof(char*)*nCol + nAfterKey+1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    char *zCopy = (char*)&azAfter[nCol];
    char *p = zCopy;
    memcpy(zCopy, zAfterKey, nAfterKey+1);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      while( *p==' ' ) p++;

      /* Check NULL values */
      if( *p=='N' ){
        if( memcmp(p, "NULL", 4) ) goto parse_error;
        p += 4;
      }

      /* Check strings and blob literals */
      else if( *p=='X' || *p=='\'' ){
        azAfter[i] = p;
        if( *p=='X' ) p++;
        if( *p!='\'' ) goto parse_error;
        p++;
        while( 1 ){
          if( *p=='\0' ) goto parse_error;
          if( *p=='\'' ){
            p++;
            if( *p!='\'' ) break;
          }
          p++;
        }
      }

      /* Check numbers */
      else{
        azAfter[i] = p;
        while( (*p>='0' && *p<='9') 
            || *p=='.' || *p=='+' || *p=='-' || *p=='e' || *p=='E'
        ){
          p++;
        }
      }

      while( *p==' ' ) p++;
      if( *p!=(i==(nCol-1) ? '\0' : ',') ){
        goto parse_error;
      }
      *p++ = '\0';
    }
  }

  *pazAfter = azAfter;
  return rc;

 parse_error:
  sqlite3_free(azAfter);
  *pazAfter = 0;
  cidxCursorError(pCsr, "%s", "error parsing after value");
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

static char *cidxWhere(
  int *pRc, CidxColumn *aCol, char **azAfter, int iGt, int bLastIsNull
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  const char *zSep = "";
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<iGt; i++){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[i].zExpr, (azAfter[i] ? azAfter[i] : "NULL")
    );
    zSep = " AND ";
  }

  if( bLastIsNull ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS NULL", zRet, zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }
  else if( azAfter[iGt] ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) %s %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr, (aCol[iGt].bDesc ? "<" : ">"), 
        azAfter[iGt]
    );
  }else{
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS NOT NULL", zRet, zSep,aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }

  return zRet;
}

#define CIDX_CLIST_ALL         0
#define CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY     1
#define CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY 2
#define CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE    3
#define CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR     4

/*
** This function returns various strings based on the contents of the
** CidxIndex structure and the eType parameter.
*/
static char *cidxColumnList(
  int *pRc,                       /* IN/OUT: Error code */
  const char *zIdx,
  CidxIndex *pIdx,                /* Indexed columns */
  int eType                       /* True to include ASC/DESC */
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *aDir[2] = {"", " DESC"};
    int i;
    const char *zSep = "";

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      CidxColumn *p = &pIdx->aCol[i];
      assert( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 || pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==1 );
      switch( eType ){

        case CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%d%s", zRet, zSep, i+1, aDir[p->bDesc]);
          zSep = ",";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%squote(i%d)", zRet, zSep, i);
          zSep = "||','||";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE:
          if( p->bKey==0 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS i.i%d", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, i
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR:
          if( p->bKey==1 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS i.i%d", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, i
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        default:
          assert( eType==CIDX_CLIST_ALL );
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) AS i%d", zRet, zSep, p->zExpr, i);
          zSep = ", ";
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  return zRet;
}

/* 
** Position a cursor back to the beginning.
*/
static int cidxFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  CidxCursor *pCsr = (CidxCursor*)pCursor;
  const char *zIdxName = 0;
  const char *zAfterKey = 0;

  if( argc>0 ){
    zIdxName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( argc>1 ){
      zAfterKey = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    }
  }

  if( zIdxName ){
    char *zTab = 0;
    char *zCurrentKey = 0;
    char *zOrderBy = 0;
    char *zSubWhere = 0;
    char *zSubExpr = 0;
    char *zSrcList = 0;

    char **azAfter = 0;
    CidxIndex *pIdx = 0;

    rc = cidxLookupIndex(pCsr, zIdxName, &pIdx, &zTab);

    zOrderBy = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY);
    zCurrentKey = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY);
    zSubWhere = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE);
    zSubExpr = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR);
    zSrcList = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ALL);

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zAfterKey ){
      rc = cidxDecodeAfter(pCsr, pIdx->nCol, zAfterKey, &azAfter);
    }

    if( rc || zAfterKey==0 ){
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
          "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q AS t WHERE %s), %s "
          "FROM (SELECT %s FROM %Q ORDER BY %s) AS i",
          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey, 
          zSrcList, zTab, zOrderBy
      );
      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", sqlite3_sql(pCsr->pStmt)); */
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      char *zSql;
      int i;

      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, 
          "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %s), %s FROM (",
          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey
      );
      for(i=pIdx->nCol-1; i>=0; i--){
        int j;
        if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc && azAfter[i]==0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<2; j++){
          char *zWhere = cidxWhere(&rc, pIdx->aCol, azAfter, i, j);
          zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%z"
              "%sSELECT * FROM (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %z ORDER BY %s)",
              zSql, zSep, zSrcList, zTab, zWhere, zOrderBy
          );
          zSep = " UNION ALL ";
          if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 ) break;
        }
      }
      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%z) AS i", zSql);

      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", zSql); */
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "%z", zSql);
    }

    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    sqlite3_free(zCurrentKey);
    sqlite3_free(zOrderBy);
    sqlite3_free(zSubWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zSubExpr);
    sqlite3_free(zSrcList);
    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
    sqlite3_free(azAfter);
  }

  if( pCsr->pStmt ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = cidxNext(pCursor);
  }
  pCsr->iRowid = 1;
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Return a column value.
*/
static int cidxColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int iCol
){
  CidxCursor *pCsr = (CidxCursor*)pCursor;
  assert( iCol>=IIC_ERRMSG && iCol<=IIC_AFTER_KEY );
  if( iCol==IIC_ERRMSG ){
    const char *zVal = 0;
    if( sqlite3_column_type(pCsr->pStmt, 0)==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      if( sqlite3_column_int(pCsr->pStmt, 0)==0 ){
        zVal = "row data mismatch";
      }
    }else{
      zVal = "row missing";
    }
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zVal, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }else if( iCol==IIC_CURRENT_KEY ){
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, sqlite3_column_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1));
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the ROWID for the sqlite_btreeinfo table */
static int cidxRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  *pRowid = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Register the virtual table modules with the database handle passed
** as the only argument.
*/
static int ciInit(sqlite3 *db){
  static sqlite3_module cidx_module = {
    0,                            /* iVersion */
    0,                            /* xCreate */
    cidxConnect,                  /* xConnect */
    cidxBestIndex,                /* xBestIndex */
    cidxDisconnect,               /* xDisconnect */
    0,                            /* xDestroy */
    cidxOpen,                     /* xOpen - open a cursor */
    cidxClose,                    /* xClose - close a cursor */
    cidxFilter,                   /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
    cidxNext,                     /* xNext - advance a cursor */
    cidxEof,                      /* xEof - check for end of scan */
    cidxColumn,                   /* xColumn - read data */
    cidxRowid,                    /* xRowid - read data */
    0,                            /* xUpdate */
    0,                            /* xBegin */
    0,                            /* xSync */
    0,                            /* xCommit */
    0,                            /* xRollback */
    0,                            /* xFindMethod */
    0,                            /* xRename */
    0,                            /* xSavepoint */
    0,                            /* xRelease */
    0,                            /* xRollbackTo */
  };
  return sqlite3_create_module(db, "incremental_index_check", &cidx_module, 0);
}

/*
** Extension load function.
*/
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_checkindex_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  return ciInit(db);
}

Added ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in.













































































































































































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/*
** Read an SQLite database file and analyze its space utilization.  Generate
** text on standard output.
*/
#define TCLSH_INIT_PROC sqlite3_checker_init_proc
#define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB 1
#define SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 1
#undef SQLITE_THREADSAFE
#define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 0
#undef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
#define SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE 1
#define SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED 1
#define SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK 1
#define SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE 1
#define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 0
#define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 0
INCLUDE sqlite3.c
INCLUDE $ROOT/src/tclsqlite.c
INCLUDE $ROOT/ext/misc/btreeinfo.c
INCLUDE $ROOT/ext/repair/checkindex.c
INCLUDE $ROOT/ext/repair/checkfreelist.c

/*
** Decode a pointer to an sqlite3 object.
*/
int getDbPointer(Tcl_Interp *interp, const char *zA, sqlite3 **ppDb){
  struct SqliteDb *p;
  Tcl_CmdInfo cmdInfo;
  if( Tcl_GetCommandInfo(interp, zA, &cmdInfo) ){
    p = (struct SqliteDb*)cmdInfo.objClientData;
    *ppDb = p->db;
    return TCL_OK;
  }else{
    *ppDb = 0;
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
**   sqlite3_imposter db main rootpage {CREATE TABLE...}  ;# setup an imposter
**   sqlite3_imposter db main                             ;# rm all imposters
*/
static int sqlite3_imposter(
  void *clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zSchema;
  int iRoot;
  const char *zSql;

  if( objc!=3 && objc!=5 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB SCHEMA [ROOTPAGE SQL]");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  zSchema = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
  if( objc==3 ){
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, db, zSchema, 0, 1);
  }else{
    if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[3], &iRoot) ) return TCL_ERROR;
    zSql = Tcl_GetString(objv[4]);
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, db, zSchema, 1, iRoot);
    sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, db, zSchema, 0, 0);
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

#include <stdio.h>

const char *sqlite3_checker_init_proc(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "sqlite3_imposter", 
                       (Tcl_ObjCmdProc*)sqlite3_imposter, 0, 0);
  sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))sqlite3_btreeinfo_init);
  sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))sqlite3_checkindex_init);
  sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))sqlite3_checkfreelist_init);
  return
BEGIN_STRING
INCLUDE $ROOT/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.tcl
END_STRING
;
}

Added ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.tcl.







































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# This TCL script is the main driver script for the sqlite3_checker utility
# program.
#

# Special case:
#
#      sqlite3_checker --test FILENAME ARGS
#
# uses FILENAME in place of this script.
#
if {[lindex $argv 0]=="--test" && [llength $argv]>1} {
  set ::argv0 [lindex $argv 1]
  set argv [lrange $argv 2 end]
  source $argv0
  exit 0
}

# Emulate a TCL shell
#
proc tclsh {} {
  set line {}
  while {![eof stdin]} {
    if {$line!=""} {
      puts -nonewline "> "
    } else {
      puts -nonewline "% "
    }
    flush stdout
    append line [gets stdin]
    if {[info complete $line]} {
      if {[catch {uplevel #0 $line} result]} {
        puts stderr "Error: $result"
      } elseif {$result!=""} {
        puts $result
      }
      set line {}
    } else {
      append line \n
    }
  }
}

# Do an incremental integrity check of a single index
#
proc check_index {idxname batchsize} {
  set i 0
  set more 1
  set nerr 0
  set pct 00.0
  set max [db one {SELECT nEntry FROM sqlite_btreeinfo('main')
                    WHERE name=$idxname}]
  puts -nonewline "$idxname: $i of $max rows ($pct%)\r"
  flush stdout
  while {$more} {
    set more 0
    db eval {SELECT errmsg, current_key AS key
               FROM incremental_index_check($idxname)
              WHERE after_key=$key
              LIMIT $batchsize} {
      set more 1
      if {$errmsg!=""} {
        incr nerr
        puts "$idxname: key($key): $errmsg"
      }
      incr i
    }
    set x [format {%.1f} [expr {($i*100.0)/$max}]]
    if {$x!=$pct} {
      puts -nonewline "$idxname: $i of $max rows ($pct%)\r"
      flush stdout
      set pct $x
    }
  }
  puts "$idxname: $nerr errors out of $i entries"
}

# Print a usage message on standard error, then quit.
#
proc usage {} {
  set argv0 [file rootname [file tail [info nameofexecutable]]]
  puts stderr "Usage: $argv0 OPTIONS database-filename"
  puts stderr {
Do sanity checking on a live SQLite3 database file specified by the
"database-filename" argument.

Options:

   --batchsize N     Number of rows to check per transaction

   --freelist        Perform a freelist check

   --index NAME      Run a check of the index NAME

   --summary         Print summary information about the database

   --table NAME      Run a check of all indexes for table NAME

   --tclsh           Run the built-in TCL interpreter (for debugging)

   --version         Show the version number of SQLite
}
  exit 1
}

set file_to_analyze {}
append argv {}
set bFreelistCheck 0
set bSummary 0
set zIndex {}
set zTable {}
set batchsize 1000
set bAll 1
set argc [llength $argv]
for {set i 0} {$i<$argc} {incr i} {
  set arg [lindex $argv $i]
  if {[regexp {^-+tclsh$} $arg]} {
    tclsh
    exit 0
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+version$} $arg]} {
    sqlite3 mem :memory:
    puts [mem one {SELECT sqlite_version()||' '||sqlite_source_id()}]
    mem close
    exit 0
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+freelist$} $arg]} {
    set bFreelistCheck 1
    set bAll 0
    continue
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+summary$} $arg]} {
    set bSummary 1
    set bAll 0
    continue
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+batchsize$} $arg]} {
    incr i
    if {$i>=$argc} {
      puts stderr "missing argument on $arg"
      exit 1
    }
    set batchsize [lindex $argv $i]
    continue
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+index$} $arg]} {
    incr i
    if {$i>=$argc} {
      puts stderr "missing argument on $arg"
      exit 1
    }
    set zIndex [lindex $argv $i]
    set bAll 0
    continue
  }
  if {[regexp {^-+table$} $arg]} {
    incr i
    if {$i>=$argc} {
      puts stderr "missing argument on $arg"
      exit 1
    }
    set zTable [lindex $argv $i]
    set bAll 0
    continue
  }
  if {[regexp {^-} $arg]} {
    puts stderr "Unknown option: $arg"
    usage
  }
  if {$file_to_analyze!=""} {
    usage
  } else {
    set file_to_analyze $arg
  }
}
if {$file_to_analyze==""} usage

# If a TCL script is specified on the command-line, then run that
# script.
#
if {[file extension $file_to_analyze]==".tcl"} {
  source $file_to_analyze
  exit 0
}

set root_filename $file_to_analyze
regexp {^file:(//)?([^?]*)} $file_to_analyze all x1 root_filename
if {![file exists $root_filename]} {
  puts stderr "No such file: $root_filename"
  exit 1
}
if {![file readable $root_filename]} {
  puts stderr "File is not readable: $root_filename"
  exit 1
}

if {[catch {sqlite3 db $file_to_analyze} res]} {
  puts stderr "Cannot open datababase $root_filename: $res"
  exit 1
}

if {$bFreelistCheck || $bAll} {
  puts -nonewline "freelist-check: "
  flush stdout
  puts [db one {SELECT checkfreelist('main')}]
}
if {$bSummary} {
  set scale 0
  set pgsz [db one {PRAGMA page_size}]
  db eval {SELECT nPage*$pgsz AS sz, name, tbl_name
             FROM sqlite_btreeinfo
            WHERE type='index'
            ORDER BY 1 DESC, name} {
    if {$scale==0} {
      if {$sz>10000000} {
        set scale 1000000.0
        set unit MB
      } else {
        set scale 1000.0
        set unit KB
      }
    }
    puts [format {%7.1f %s index %s of table %s} \
            [expr {$sz/$scale}] $unit $name $tbl_name]
  }
}
if {$zIndex!=""} {
  check_index $zIndex $batchsize
}
if {$zTable!=""} {
  foreach idx [db eval {SELECT name FROM sqlite_master
                         WHERE type='index' AND rootpage>0
                           AND tbl_name=$zTable}] {
    check_index $idx $batchsize
  }
}
if {$bAll} {
  set allidx [db eval {SELECT name FROM sqlite_btreeinfo('main')
                        WHERE type='index' AND rootpage>0
                        ORDER BY nEntry}]
  foreach idx $allidx {
    check_index $idx $batchsize
  }
}

Added ext/repair/test/README.md.



























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To run these tests, first build sqlite3_checker:


>     make sqlite3_checker


Then run the "test.tcl" script using:


>     ./sqlite3_checker --test $path/test.tcl


Optionally add the full pathnames of individual *.test modules

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# 2017-10-11

set testprefix checkfreelist

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  PRAGMA page_size=1024;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
}

do_execsql_test 1.2 { SELECT checkfreelist('main') } {ok}
do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  WITH s(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<10000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(400), randomblob(400) FROM s;
  DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid%3;
  PRAGMA freelist_count;
} {6726}

do_execsql_test 1.4 { SELECT checkfreelist('main') } {ok}
do_execsql_test 1.5 {
  WITH freelist_trunk(i, d, n) AS (
    SELECT 1, NULL, sqlite_readint32(data, 32) FROM sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=1
      UNION ALL
    SELECT n, data, sqlite_readint32(data) 
    FROM freelist_trunk, sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=n
  )
  SELECT i FROM freelist_trunk WHERE i!=1;
} {
  10009 9715 9343 8969 8595 8222 7847 7474 7102 6727 6354 5982 5608 5234
  4860 4487 4112 3740 3367 2992 2619 2247 1872 1499 1125 752 377 5
}

do_execsql_test 1.6 { SELECT checkfreelist('main') } {ok}

proc set_int {blob idx newval} {
  binary scan $blob I* ints
  lset ints $idx $newval
  binary format I* $ints
}
db func set_int set_int

proc get_int {blob idx} {
  binary scan $blob I* ints
  lindex $ints $idx
}
db func get_int get_int

do_execsql_test 1.7 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage 
      SET data = set_int(data, 1, get_int(data, 1)-1) 
      WHERE pgno=4860;
    SELECT checkfreelist('main');
  ROLLBACK;
} {{free-list count mismatch: actual=6725 header=6726}}

do_execsql_test 1.8 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage 
      SET data = set_int(data, 5, (SELECT * FROM pragma_page_count)+1)
      WHERE pgno=4860;
    SELECT checkfreelist('main');
  ROLLBACK;
} {{leaf page 10092 is out of range (child 3 of trunk page 4860)}}

do_execsql_test 1.9 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage 
      SET data = set_int(data, 5, 0)
      WHERE pgno=4860;
    SELECT checkfreelist('main');
  ROLLBACK;
} {{leaf page 0 is out of range (child 3 of trunk page 4860)}}

do_execsql_test 1.10 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage 
      SET data = set_int(data, get_int(data, 1)+1, 0)
      WHERE pgno=5;
    SELECT checkfreelist('main');
  ROLLBACK;
} {{leaf page 0 is out of range (child 247 of trunk page 5)}}

do_execsql_test 1.11 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage 
      SET data = set_int(data, 1, 249)
      WHERE pgno=5;
    SELECT checkfreelist('main');
  ROLLBACK;
} {{leaf count out of range (249) on trunk page 5}}

Added ext/repair/test/checkindex01.test.















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2017-10-11
#
set testprefix checkindex

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('one', 2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('two', 4);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('three', 6);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('four', 8);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('five', 10);

  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a DESC);
} {}

proc incr_index_check {idx nStep} {
  set Q {
    SELECT errmsg, current_key FROM incremental_index_check($idx, $after)
    LIMIT $nStep
  }

  set res [list]
  while {1} {
    unset -nocomplain current_key
    set res1 [db eval $Q]
    if {[llength $res1]==0} break
    set res [concat $res $res1]
    set after [lindex $res end]
  }

  return $res
}

proc do_index_check_test {tn idx res} {
  uplevel [list do_execsql_test $tn.1 "
    SELECT errmsg, current_key FROM incremental_index_check('$idx');
  " $res]

  uplevel [list do_test $tn.2 "incr_index_check $idx 1" [list {*}$res]]
  uplevel [list do_test $tn.3 "incr_index_check $idx 2" [list {*}$res]]
  uplevel [list do_test $tn.4 "incr_index_check $idx 5" [list {*}$res]]
}


do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  SELECT errmsg IS NULL, current_key FROM incremental_index_check('i1');
} {
  1 'five',5
  1 'four',4
  1 'one',1
  1 'three',3
  1 'two',2
}

do_index_check_test 1.3 i1 {
  {} 'five',5
  {} 'four',4
  {} 'one',1
  {} 'three',3
  {} 'two',2
}

do_index_check_test 1.4 i2 {
  {} 'two',2
  {} 'three',3
  {} 'one',1
  {} 'four',4
  {} 'five',5
}

do_test 1.5 {
  set tblroot [db one { SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name='t1' }]
  sqlite3_imposter db main $tblroot {CREATE TABLE xt1(a,b)}
  db eval {
    UPDATE xt1 SET a='six' WHERE rowid=3;
    DELETE FROM xt1 WHERE rowid = 5;
  }
  sqlite3_imposter db main
} {}

do_index_check_test 1.6 i1 {
  {row missing} 'five',5
  {} 'four',4
  {} 'one',1
  {row data mismatch} 'three',3
  {} 'two',2
}

do_index_check_test 1.7 i2 {
  {} 'two',2
  {row data mismatch} 'three',3
  {} 'one',1
  {} 'four',4
  {row missing} 'five',5
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
do_execsql_test 2.0 {

  CREATE TABLE t2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c, d);

  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, NULL, 1, 1);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2, 1, NULL, 1);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(3, 1, 1, NULL);

  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(4, 2, 2, 1);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(5, 2, 2, 2);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(6, 2, 2, 3);

  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(7, 2, 2, 1);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(8, 2, 2, 2);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(9, 2, 2, 3);

  CREATE INDEX i3 ON t2(b, c, d);
  CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(b DESC, c DESC, d DESC);
  CREATE INDEX i5 ON t2(d, c DESC, b);
} {}

do_index_check_test 2.1 i3 {
  {} NULL,1,1,1 
  {} 1,NULL,1,2 
  {} 1,1,NULL,3 
  {} 2,2,1,4 
  {} 2,2,1,7 
  {} 2,2,2,5
  {} 2,2,2,8 
  {} 2,2,3,6 
  {} 2,2,3,9
}

do_index_check_test 2.2 i4 {
  {} 2,2,3,6 
  {} 2,2,3,9
  {} 2,2,2,5
  {} 2,2,2,8 
  {} 2,2,1,4 
  {} 2,2,1,7 
  {} 1,1,NULL,3 
  {} 1,NULL,1,2 
  {} NULL,1,1,1 
}

do_index_check_test 2.3 i5 {
  {} NULL,1,1,3 
  {} 1,2,2,4 
  {} 1,2,2,7 
  {} 1,1,NULL,1 
  {} 1,NULL,1,2 
  {} 2,2,2,5 
  {} 2,2,2,8 
  {} 3,2,2,6 
  {} 3,2,2,9
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
do_execsql_test 3.0 {

  CREATE TABLE t3(w, x, y, z PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE INDEX t3wxy ON t3(w, x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t3wxy2 ON t3(w DESC, x DESC, y DESC);

  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL, 1);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL, 2);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL, 3);

  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', NULL, NULL, 4);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', NULL, NULL, 5);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', NULL, NULL, 6);

  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', 'b', NULL, 7);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', 'b', NULL, 8);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('a', 'b', NULL, 9);

} {}

do_index_check_test 3.1 t3wxy {
  {} NULL,NULL,NULL,1 {} NULL,NULL,NULL,2 {} NULL,NULL,NULL,3 
  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,4  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,5  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,6 
  {} 'a','b',NULL,7   {} 'a','b',NULL,8   {} 'a','b',NULL,9 
}
do_index_check_test 3.2 t3wxy2 {
  {} 'a','b',NULL,7   {} 'a','b',NULL,8   {} 'a','b',NULL,9 
  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,4  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,5  {} 'a',NULL,NULL,6 
  {} NULL,NULL,NULL,1 {} NULL,NULL,NULL,2 {} NULL,NULL,NULL,3 
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test with an index that uses non-default collation sequences.
#
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t4(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, c1 TEXT, c2 TEXT);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, 'aaa', 'bbb');
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(2, 'AAA', 'CCC');
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(3, 'aab', 'ddd');
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(4, 'AAB', 'EEE');

  CREATE INDEX t4cc ON t4(c1 COLLATE nocase, c2 COLLATE nocase);
}

do_index_check_test 4.1 t4cc {
  {} 'aaa','bbb',1 
  {} 'AAA','CCC',2 
  {} 'aab','ddd',3 
  {} 'AAB','EEE',4
}

do_test 4.2 {
  set tblroot [db one { SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name='t4' }]
  sqlite3_imposter db main $tblroot \
     {CREATE TABLE xt4(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, c1 TEXT, c2 TEXT)}

  db eval {
    UPDATE xt4 SET c1='hello' WHERE rowid=2;
    DELETE FROM xt4 WHERE rowid = 3;
  }
  sqlite3_imposter db main
} {}

do_index_check_test 4.3 t4cc {
  {} 'aaa','bbb',1 
  {row data mismatch} 'AAA','CCC',2 
  {row missing} 'aab','ddd',3 
  {} 'AAB','EEE',4
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test an index on an expression.
#
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y TEXT, UNIQUE(y));
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(1, '{"x":1, "y":1}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(2, '{"x":2, "y":2}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(3, '{"x":3, "y":3}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(4, '{"w":4, "z":4}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(5, '{"x":5, "y":5}');

  CREATE INDEX t5x ON t5( json_extract(y, '$.x') );
  CREATE INDEX t5y ON t5( json_extract(y, '$.y') DESC );
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.1 t5x {
  {} NULL,4 {} 1,1 {} 2,2 {} 3,3 {} 5,5
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.2 t5y {
  {} 5,5 {} 3,3 {} 2,2 {} 1,1 {} NULL,4
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.3 sqlite_autoindex_t5_1 {
  {} {'{"w":4, "z":4}',4} 
  {} {'{"x":1, "y":1}',1} 
  {} {'{"x":2, "y":2}',2} 
  {} {'{"x":3, "y":3}',3} 
  {} {'{"x":5, "y":5}',5}
}

do_test 5.2 {
  set tblroot [db one { SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name='t5' }]
  sqlite3_imposter db main $tblroot \
      {CREATE TABLE xt5(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, c1 TEXT);}
  db eval {
    UPDATE xt5 SET c1='{"x":22, "y":11}' WHERE rowid=1;
    DELETE FROM xt5 WHERE rowid = 4;
  }
  sqlite3_imposter db main
} {}

do_index_check_test 5.3.1 t5x {
  {row missing} NULL,4 
  {row data mismatch} 1,1 
  {} 2,2 
  {} 3,3 
  {} 5,5
}

do_index_check_test 5.3.2 sqlite_autoindex_t5_1 {
  {row missing} {'{"w":4, "z":4}',4} 
  {row data mismatch} {'{"x":1, "y":1}',1} 
  {} {'{"x":2, "y":2}',2} 
  {} {'{"x":3, "y":3}',3} 
  {} {'{"x":5, "y":5}',5}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t6(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
  CREATE INDEX t6x1 ON t6(y, /* one,two,three */ z);
  CREATE INDEX t6x2 ON t6(z, -- hello,world,
  y);

  CREATE INDEX t6x3 ON t6(z -- hello,world
  , y);

  INSERT INTO t6 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
  INSERT INTO t6 VALUES(4, 5, 6);
}

do_index_check_test 6.1 t6x1 {
  {} 2,3,1 
  {} 5,6,4
}
do_index_check_test 6.2 t6x2 {
  {} 3,2,1 
  {} 6,5,4
}
do_index_check_test 6.2 t6x3 {
  {} 3,2,1 
  {} 6,5,4
}

Added ext/repair/test/test.tcl.







































































































































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# Run this script using
#
#       sqlite3_checker --test $thisscript $testscripts
#
# The $testscripts argument is optional.  If omitted, all *.test files
# in the same directory as $thisscript are run.
#
set NTEST 0
set NERR  0


# Invoke the do_test procedure to run a single test
#
# The $expected parameter is the expected result.  The result is the return
# value from the last TCL command in $cmd.
#
# Normally, $expected must match exactly.  But if $expected is of the form
# "/regexp/" then regular expression matching is used.  If $expected is
# "~/regexp/" then the regular expression must NOT match.  If $expected is
# of the form "#/value-list/" then each term in value-list must be numeric
# and must approximately match the corresponding numeric term in $result.
# Values must match within 10%.  Or if the $expected term is A..B then the
# $result term must be in between A and B.
#
proc do_test {name cmd expected} {
  if {[info exists ::testprefix]} {
    set name "$::testprefix$name"
  }

  incr ::NTEST
  puts -nonewline $name...
  flush stdout

  if {[catch {uplevel #0 "$cmd;\n"} result]} {
    puts -nonewline $name...
    puts "\nError: $result"
    incr ::NERR
  } else {
    set ok [expr {[string compare $result $expected]==0}]
    if {!$ok} {
      puts "\n!  $name expected: \[$expected\]\n! $name got:      \[$result\]"
      incr ::NERR
    } else {
      puts " Ok"
    }
  }
  flush stdout
}

#
#   do_execsql_test TESTNAME SQL RES
#
proc do_execsql_test {testname sql {result {}}} {
  uplevel [list do_test $testname [list db eval $sql] [list {*}$result]]
}

if {[llength $argv]==0} {
  set dir [file dirname $argv0]
  set argv [glob -nocomplain $dir/*.test]
}
foreach testfile $argv {
  file delete -force test.db
  sqlite3 db test.db
  source $testfile
  catch {db close}
}
puts "$NERR errors out of $NTEST tests"

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#define RTREE_REINSERT(p) RTREE_MINCELLS(p)
#define RTREE_MAXCELLS 51

/*
** The smallest possible node-size is (512-64)==448 bytes. And the largest
** supported cell size is 48 bytes (8 byte rowid + ten 4 byte coordinates).
** Therefore all non-root nodes must contain at least 3 entries. Since 
** 2^40 is greater than 2^64, an r-tree structure always has a depth of
** 40 or less.
*/
#define RTREE_MAX_DEPTH 40


/*
** Number of entries in the cursor RtreeNode cache.  The first entry is
................................................................................
  ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "Invalid argument to rtreedepth()", -1); 
  }else{
    u8 *zBlob = (u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(apArg[0]);
    sqlite3_result_int(ctx, readInt16(zBlob));
  }
}










































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Register the r-tree module with database handle db. This creates the
** virtual table module "rtree" and the debugging/analysis scalar 
** function "rtreenode".
*/
int sqlite3RtreeInit(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  const int utf8 = SQLITE_UTF8;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "rtreenode", 2, utf8, 0, rtreenode, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "rtreedepth", 1, utf8, 0,rtreedepth, 0, 0);
  }



  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_INT32;
#else
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_REAL32;
#endif
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree", &rtreeModule, c, 0);







|







 







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#define RTREE_REINSERT(p) RTREE_MINCELLS(p)
#define RTREE_MAXCELLS 51

/*
** The smallest possible node-size is (512-64)==448 bytes. And the largest
** supported cell size is 48 bytes (8 byte rowid + ten 4 byte coordinates).
** Therefore all non-root nodes must contain at least 3 entries. Since 
** 3^40 is greater than 2^64, an r-tree structure always has a depth of
** 40 or less.
*/
#define RTREE_MAX_DEPTH 40


/*
** Number of entries in the cursor RtreeNode cache.  The first entry is
................................................................................
  ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "Invalid argument to rtreedepth()", -1); 
  }else{
    u8 *zBlob = (u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(apArg[0]);
    sqlite3_result_int(ctx, readInt16(zBlob));
  }
}

/*
** Context object passed between the various routines that make up the
** implementation of integrity-check function rtreecheck().
*/
typedef struct RtreeCheck RtreeCheck;
struct RtreeCheck {
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb;                /* Database containing rtree table */
  const char *zTab;               /* Name of rtree table */
  int bInt;                       /* True for rtree_i32 table */
  int nDim;                       /* Number of dimensions for this rtree tbl */
  sqlite3_stmt *pGetNode;         /* Statement used to retrieve nodes */
  sqlite3_stmt *aCheckMapping[2]; /* Statements to query %_parent/%_rowid */
  int nLeaf;                      /* Number of leaf cells in table */
  int nNonLeaf;                   /* Number of non-leaf cells in table */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  char *zReport;                  /* Message to report */
  int nErr;                       /* Number of lines in zReport */
};

#define RTREE_CHECK_MAX_ERROR 100

/*
** Reset SQL statement pStmt. If the sqlite3_reset() call returns an error,
** and RtreeCheck.rc==SQLITE_OK, set RtreeCheck.rc to the error code.
*/
static void rtreeCheckReset(RtreeCheck *pCheck, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK ) pCheck->rc = rc;
}

/*
** The second and subsequent arguments to this function are a format string
** and printf style arguments. This function formats the string and attempts
** to compile it as an SQL statement.
**
** If successful, a pointer to the new SQL statement is returned. Otherwise,
** NULL is returned and an error code left in RtreeCheck.rc.
*/
static sqlite3_stmt *rtreeCheckPrepare(
  RtreeCheck *pCheck,             /* RtreeCheck object */
  const char *zFmt, ...           /* Format string and trailing args */
){
  va_list ap;
  char *z;
  sqlite3_stmt *pRet = 0;

  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);

  if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( z==0 ){
      pCheck->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      pCheck->rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCheck->db, z, -1, &pRet, 0);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(z);
  va_end(ap);
  return pRet;
}

/*
** The second and subsequent arguments to this function are a printf()
** style format string and arguments. This function formats the string and
** appends it to the report being accumuated in pCheck.
*/
static void rtreeCheckAppendMsg(RtreeCheck *pCheck, const char *zFmt, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK && pCheck->nErr<RTREE_CHECK_MAX_ERROR ){
    char *z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
    if( z==0 ){
      pCheck->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      pCheck->zReport = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s%z", 
          pCheck->zReport, (pCheck->zReport ? "\n" : ""), z
      );
      if( pCheck->zReport==0 ){
        pCheck->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    pCheck->nErr++;
  }
  va_end(ap);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op if there is already an error code stored
** in the RtreeCheck object indicated by the first argument. NULL is
** returned in this case.
**
** Otherwise, the contents of rtree table node iNode are loaded from
** the database and copied into a buffer obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** If no error occurs, a pointer to the buffer is returned and (*pnNode)
** is set to the size of the buffer in bytes.
**
** Or, if an error does occur, NULL is returned and an error code left
** in the RtreeCheck object. The final value of *pnNode is undefined in
** this case.
*/
static u8 *rtreeCheckGetNode(RtreeCheck *pCheck, i64 iNode, int *pnNode){
  u8 *pRet = 0;                   /* Return value */

  assert( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pCheck->pGetNode==0 ){
    pCheck->pGetNode = rtreeCheckPrepare(pCheck,
        "SELECT data FROM %Q.'%q_node' WHERE nodeno=?", 
        pCheck->zDb, pCheck->zTab
    );
  }

  if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_int64(pCheck->pGetNode, 1, iNode);
    if( sqlite3_step(pCheck->pGetNode)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int nNode = sqlite3_column_bytes(pCheck->pGetNode, 0);
      const u8 *pNode = (const u8*)sqlite3_column_blob(pCheck->pGetNode, 0);
      pRet = sqlite3_malloc(nNode);
      if( pRet==0 ){
        pCheck->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memcpy(pRet, pNode, nNode);
        *pnNode = nNode;
      }
    }
    rtreeCheckReset(pCheck, pCheck->pGetNode);
    if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK && pRet==0 ){
      rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, "Node %lld missing from database", iNode);
    }
  }

  return pRet;
}

/*
** This function is used to check that the %_parent (if bLeaf==0) or %_rowid
** (if bLeaf==1) table contains a specified entry. The schemas of the
** two tables are:
**
**   CREATE TABLE %_parent(nodeno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, parentnode INTEGER)
**   CREATE TABLE %_rowid(rowid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, nodeno INTEGER)
**
** In both cases, this function checks that there exists an entry with
** IPK value iKey and the second column set to iVal.
**
*/
static void rtreeCheckMapping(
  RtreeCheck *pCheck,             /* RtreeCheck object */
  int bLeaf,                      /* True for a leaf cell, false for interior */
  i64 iKey,                       /* Key for mapping */
  i64 iVal                        /* Expected value for mapping */
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  const char *azSql[2] = {
    "SELECT parentnode FROM %Q.'%q_parent' WHERE nodeno=?",
    "SELECT nodeno FROM %Q.'%q_rowid' WHERE rowid=?"
  };

  assert( bLeaf==0 || bLeaf==1 );
  if( pCheck->aCheckMapping[bLeaf]==0 ){
    pCheck->aCheckMapping[bLeaf] = rtreeCheckPrepare(pCheck,
        azSql[bLeaf], pCheck->zDb, pCheck->zTab
    );
  }
  if( pCheck->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  pStmt = pCheck->aCheckMapping[bLeaf];
  sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, 1, iKey);
  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, "Mapping (%lld -> %lld) missing from %s table",
        iKey, iVal, (bLeaf ? "%_rowid" : "%_parent")
    );
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    i64 ii = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0);
    if( ii!=iVal ){
      rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, 
          "Found (%lld -> %lld) in %s table, expected (%lld -> %lld)",
          iKey, ii, (bLeaf ? "%_rowid" : "%_parent"), iKey, iVal
      );
    }
  }
  rtreeCheckReset(pCheck, pStmt);
}

/*
** Argument pCell points to an array of coordinates stored on an rtree page.
** This function checks that the coordinates are internally consistent (no
** x1>x2 conditions) and adds an error message to the RtreeCheck object
** if they are not.
**
** Additionally, if pParent is not NULL, then it is assumed to point to
** the array of coordinates on the parent page that bound the page 
** containing pCell. In this case it is also verified that the two
** sets of coordinates are mutually consistent and an error message added
** to the RtreeCheck object if they are not.
*/
static void rtreeCheckCellCoord(
  RtreeCheck *pCheck, 
  i64 iNode,                      /* Node id to use in error messages */
  int iCell,                      /* Cell number to use in error messages */
  u8 *pCell,                      /* Pointer to cell coordinates */
  u8 *pParent                     /* Pointer to parent coordinates */
){
  RtreeCoord c1, c2;
  RtreeCoord p1, p2;
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<pCheck->nDim; i++){
    readCoord(&pCell[4*2*i], &c1);
    readCoord(&pCell[4*(2*i + 1)], &c2);

    /* printf("%e, %e\n", c1.u.f, c2.u.f); */
    if( pCheck->bInt ? c1.i>c2.i : c1.f>c2.f ){
      rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, 
          "Dimension %d of cell %d on node %lld is corrupt", i, iCell, iNode
      );
    }

    if( pParent ){
      readCoord(&pParent[4*2*i], &p1);
      readCoord(&pParent[4*(2*i + 1)], &p2);

      if( (pCheck->bInt ? c1.i<p1.i : c1.f<p1.f) 
       || (pCheck->bInt ? c2.i>p2.i : c2.f>p2.f)
      ){
        rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, 
            "Dimension %d of cell %d on node %lld is corrupt relative to parent"
            , i, iCell, iNode
        );
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Run rtreecheck() checks on node iNode, which is at depth iDepth within
** the r-tree structure. Argument aParent points to the array of coordinates
** that bound node iNode on the parent node.
**
** If any problems are discovered, an error message is appended to the
** report accumulated in the RtreeCheck object.
*/
static void rtreeCheckNode(
  RtreeCheck *pCheck,
  int iDepth,                     /* Depth of iNode (0==leaf) */
  u8 *aParent,                    /* Buffer containing parent coords */
  i64 iNode                       /* Node to check */
){
  u8 *aNode = 0;
  int nNode = 0;

  assert( iNode==1 || aParent!=0 );
  assert( pCheck->nDim>0 );

  aNode = rtreeCheckGetNode(pCheck, iNode, &nNode);
  if( aNode ){
    if( nNode<4 ){
      rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, 
          "Node %lld is too small (%d bytes)", iNode, nNode
      );
    }else{
      int nCell;                  /* Number of cells on page */
      int i;                      /* Used to iterate through cells */
      if( aParent==0 ){
        iDepth = readInt16(aNode);
        if( iDepth>RTREE_MAX_DEPTH ){
          rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, "Rtree depth out of range (%d)", iDepth);
          sqlite3_free(aNode);
          return;
        }
      }
      nCell = readInt16(&aNode[2]);
      if( (4 + nCell*(8 + pCheck->nDim*2*4))>nNode ){
        rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, 
            "Node %lld is too small for cell count of %d (%d bytes)", 
            iNode, nCell, nNode
        );
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
          u8 *pCell = &aNode[4 + i*(8 + pCheck->nDim*2*4)];
          i64 iVal = readInt64(pCell);
          rtreeCheckCellCoord(pCheck, iNode, i, &pCell[8], aParent);

          if( iDepth>0 ){
            rtreeCheckMapping(pCheck, 0, iVal, iNode);
            rtreeCheckNode(pCheck, iDepth-1, &pCell[8], iVal);
            pCheck->nNonLeaf++;
          }else{
            rtreeCheckMapping(pCheck, 1, iVal, iNode);
            pCheck->nLeaf++;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(aNode);
  }
}

/*
** The second argument to this function must be either "_rowid" or
** "_parent". This function checks that the number of entries in the
** %_rowid or %_parent table is exactly nExpect. If not, it adds
** an error message to the report in the RtreeCheck object indicated
** by the first argument.
*/
static void rtreeCheckCount(RtreeCheck *pCheck, const char *zTbl, i64 nExpect){
  if( pCheck->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pCount;
    pCount = rtreeCheckPrepare(pCheck, "SELECT count(*) FROM %Q.'%q%s'",
        pCheck->zDb, pCheck->zTab, zTbl
    );
    if( pCount ){
      if( sqlite3_step(pCount)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        i64 nActual = sqlite3_column_int64(pCount, 0);
        if( nActual!=nExpect ){
          rtreeCheckAppendMsg(pCheck, "Wrong number of entries in %%%s table"
              " - expected %lld, actual %lld" , zTbl, nExpect, nActual
          );
        }
      }
      pCheck->rc = sqlite3_finalize(pCount);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This function does the bulk of the work for the rtree integrity-check.
** It is called by rtreecheck(), which is the SQL function implementation.
*/
static int rtreeCheckTable(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle to access db through */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db ("main", "temp" etc.) */
  const char *zTab,               /* Name of rtree table to check */
  char **pzReport                 /* OUT: sqlite3_malloc'd report text */
){
  RtreeCheck check;               /* Common context for various routines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;        /* Used to find column count of rtree table */
  int bEnd = 0;                   /* True if transaction should be closed */

  /* Initialize the context object */
  memset(&check, 0, sizeof(check));
  check.db = db;
  check.zDb = zDb;
  check.zTab = zTab;

  /* If there is not already an open transaction, open one now. This is
  ** to ensure that the queries run as part of this integrity-check operate
  ** on a consistent snapshot.  */
  if( sqlite3_get_autocommit(db) ){
    check.rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
    bEnd = 1;
  }

  /* Find number of dimensions in the rtree table. */
  pStmt = rtreeCheckPrepare(&check, "SELECT * FROM %Q.%Q", zDb, zTab);
  if( pStmt ){
    int rc;
    check.nDim = (sqlite3_column_count(pStmt) - 1) / 2;
    if( check.nDim<1 ){
      rtreeCheckAppendMsg(&check, "Schema corrupt or not an rtree");
    }else if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      check.bInt = (sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 1)==SQLITE_INTEGER);
    }
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) check.rc = rc;
  }

  /* Do the actual integrity-check */
  if( check.nDim>=1 ){
    if( check.rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rtreeCheckNode(&check, 0, 0, 1);
    }
    rtreeCheckCount(&check, "_rowid", check.nLeaf);
    rtreeCheckCount(&check, "_parent", check.nNonLeaf);
  }

  /* Finalize SQL statements used by the integrity-check */
  sqlite3_finalize(check.pGetNode);
  sqlite3_finalize(check.aCheckMapping[0]);
  sqlite3_finalize(check.aCheckMapping[1]);

  /* If one was opened, close the transaction */
  if( bEnd ){
    int rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "END", 0, 0, 0);
    if( check.rc==SQLITE_OK ) check.rc = rc;
  }
  *pzReport = check.zReport;
  return check.rc;
}

/*
** Usage:
**
**   rtreecheck(<rtree-table>);
**   rtreecheck(<database>, <rtree-table>);
**
** Invoking this SQL function runs an integrity-check on the named rtree
** table. The integrity-check verifies the following:
**
**   1. For each cell in the r-tree structure (%_node table), that:
**
**       a) for each dimension, (coord1 <= coord2).
**
**       b) unless the cell is on the root node, that the cell is bounded
**          by the parent cell on the parent node.
**
**       c) for leaf nodes, that there is an entry in the %_rowid 
**          table corresponding to the cell's rowid value that 
**          points to the correct node.
**
**       d) for cells on non-leaf nodes, that there is an entry in the 
**          %_parent table mapping from the cell's child node to the
**          node that it resides on.
**
**   2. That there are the same number of entries in the %_rowid table
**      as there are leaf cells in the r-tree structure, and that there
**      is a leaf cell that corresponds to each entry in the %_rowid table.
**
**   3. That there are the same number of entries in the %_parent table
**      as there are non-leaf cells in the r-tree structure, and that 
**      there is a non-leaf cell that corresponds to each entry in the 
**      %_parent table.
*/
static void rtreecheck(
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int nArg, 
  sqlite3_value **apArg
){
  if( nArg!=1 && nArg!=2 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, 
        "wrong number of arguments to function rtreecheck()", -1
    );
  }else{
    int rc;
    char *zReport = 0;
    const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
    const char *zTab;
    if( nArg==1 ){
      zTab = zDb;
      zDb = "main";
    }else{
      zTab = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[1]);
    }
    rc = rtreeCheckTable(sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx), zDb, zTab, &zReport);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zReport ? zReport : "ok", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_code(ctx, rc);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zReport);
  }
}


/*
** Register the r-tree module with database handle db. This creates the
** virtual table module "rtree" and the debugging/analysis scalar 
** function "rtreenode".
*/
int sqlite3RtreeInit(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  const int utf8 = SQLITE_UTF8;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "rtreenode", 2, utf8, 0, rtreenode, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "rtreedepth", 1, utf8, 0,rtreedepth, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "rtreecheck", -1, utf8, 0,rtreecheck, 0,0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_INT32;
#else
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_REAL32;
#endif
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree", &rtreeModule, c, 0);

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree1.test.

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    set res(1) {1 {UNIQUE constraint failed: t1.idx}}
    set res(2) {1 {rtree constraint failed: t1.(x1<=x2)}}

    do_catchsql_test $testname.1 $sql $res($error)
    do_test $testname.2 [list sql_uses_stmt db $sql] $uses
    do_execsql_test $testname.3 { SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY idx } $data

    do_test $testname.4 { rtree_check db t1 } 0
    db close
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that bug [d2889096e7bdeac6d] has been fixed.
#







|







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    set res(1) {1 {UNIQUE constraint failed: t1.idx}}
    set res(2) {1 {rtree constraint failed: t1.(x1<=x2)}}

    do_catchsql_test $testname.1 $sql $res($error)
    do_test $testname.2 [list sql_uses_stmt db $sql] $uses
    do_execsql_test $testname.3 { SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY idx } $data

    do_rtree_integrity_test $testname.4 t1
    db close
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that bug [d2889096e7bdeac6d] has been fixed.
#

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree2.test.

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      if {$rc != 1} {
        puts $t1
        puts $t2
      }
      set rc
    } {1}
  
    do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.3 {
      rtree_check db t1
    } 0
  
    set OPS [list < > <= >= =]
    for {set ii 0} {$ii < $::NSELECT} {incr ii} {
      do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.4.$ii.1 {
        set where [list]
        foreach look_three_dots! {. . .} {
          set colidx [expr int(rand()*($nDim*2+1))-1]
................................................................................
        set rc [expr {$t1 eq $t2}]
        if {$rc != 1} {
          puts $t1
          puts $t2
        }
        set rc
      } {1}
      do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.5.$ii.2 {
        rtree_check db t1
      } {0}
    }
  
    do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.6 {
      execsql {
        DROP TABLE t1;
        DROP TABLE t2;
      }
    } {}
  }
}

finish_test







|
<
<







 







|
<
<












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      if {$rc != 1} {
        puts $t1
        puts $t2
      }
      set rc
    } {1}
  
    do_rtree_integrity_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.3 t1


  
    set OPS [list < > <= >= =]
    for {set ii 0} {$ii < $::NSELECT} {incr ii} {
      do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.4.$ii.1 {
        set where [list]
        foreach look_three_dots! {. . .} {
          set colidx [expr int(rand()*($nDim*2+1))-1]
................................................................................
        set rc [expr {$t1 eq $t2}]
        if {$rc != 1} {
          puts $t1
          puts $t2
        }
        set rc
      } {1}
      do_rtree_integrity_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.5.$ii.2 t1


    }
  
    do_test rtree2-$module.$nDim.6 {
      execsql {
        DROP TABLE t1;
        DROP TABLE t2;
      }
    } {}
  }
}

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree4.test.

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#
# Randomized test cases for the rtree extension.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
    }
    set where "WHERE [join [scramble $where] { AND }]"
    do_test rtree4-$nDim.2.$i.8 {
      list $where [db eval "SELECT id FROM rx $where ORDER BY id"]
    } [list $where [db eval "SELECT id FROM bx $where ORDER BY id"]]
  }


}

finish_test







>







 







>



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#
# Randomized test cases for the rtree extension.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
    }
    set where "WHERE [join [scramble $where] { AND }]"
    do_test rtree4-$nDim.2.$i.8 {
      list $where [db eval "SELECT id FROM rx $where ORDER BY id"]
    } [list $where [db eval "SELECT id FROM bx $where ORDER BY id"]]
  }

  do_rtree_integrity_test rtree4-$nDim.3 rx
}

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree5.test.

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# The focus of this file is testing the r-tree extension when it is
# configured to store values as 32 bit integers.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
do_test rtree5-1.13 { 
  execsql { 
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE 
        x1=2147483643 AND x2=2147483647 AND 
        y1=-2147483648 AND y2=-2147483643
  }
} {2 2147483643 2147483647 -2147483648 -2147483643}


finish_test







>







 







>


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# The focus of this file is testing the r-tree extension when it is
# configured to store values as 32 bit integers.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
do_test rtree5-1.13 { 
  execsql { 
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE 
        x1=2147483643 AND x2=2147483647 AND 
        y1=-2147483648 AND y2=-2147483643
  }
} {2 2147483643 2147483647 -2147483648 -2147483643}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree5-1.14 t1

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree7.test.

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# database page-size is modified. At one point (3.6.22), this was causing
# malfunctions.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree||!vacuum {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
do_test rtree7-1.5 {
  execsql_intout { 
    PRAGMA page_size = 512;
    VACUUM;
    SELECT sum(x1), sum(x2), sum(y1), sum(y2) FROM rt
  }
} {51 102 153 204}



finish_test







>







 








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# database page-size is modified. At one point (3.6.22), this was causing
# malfunctions.
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !rtree||!vacuum {
  finish_test
  return
}

................................................................................
do_test rtree7-1.5 {
  execsql_intout { 
    PRAGMA page_size = 512;
    VACUUM;
    SELECT sum(x1), sum(x2), sum(y1), sum(y2) FROM rt
  }
} {51 102 153 204}

do_rtree_integrity_test rtree7-1.6 rt

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree8.test.

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#***********************************************************************
# 
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following block of tests - rtree8-1.* - feature reading and writing
# an r-tree table while there exist open cursors on it.
#
................................................................................
do_test rtree8-1.2.2 { nested_select 1 } {51}

# This test runs many SELECT queries simultaneously against a large 
# table, causing a collision in the hash-table used to store r-tree 
# nodes internally.
#
populate_t1 1500

do_execsql_test rtree8-1.3.1 { SELECT max(nodeno) FROM t1_node } {164}
do_test rtree8-1.3.2 {
  set rowids [execsql {SELECT min(rowid) FROM t1_rowid GROUP BY nodeno}]
  set stmt_list [list]
  foreach row $rowids {
    set stmt [sqlite3_prepare db "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE id = $row" -1 tail]
    sqlite3_step $stmt
................................................................................
    execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($i, 100, 101) }
  }
  for {set i 100} {$i < 200} {incr i} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($i, 1000, 1001) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

do_test rtree8-5.3 {
  execsql BEGIN
  for {set i 0} {$i < 200} {incr i} {
    execsql { DELETE FROM t2 WHERE id = $i }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}



finish_test







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#***********************************************************************
# 
#

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following block of tests - rtree8-1.* - feature reading and writing
# an r-tree table while there exist open cursors on it.
#
................................................................................
do_test rtree8-1.2.2 { nested_select 1 } {51}

# This test runs many SELECT queries simultaneously against a large 
# table, causing a collision in the hash-table used to store r-tree 
# nodes internally.
#
populate_t1 1500
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree8-1.3.0 t1
do_execsql_test rtree8-1.3.1 { SELECT max(nodeno) FROM t1_node } {164}
do_test rtree8-1.3.2 {
  set rowids [execsql {SELECT min(rowid) FROM t1_rowid GROUP BY nodeno}]
  set stmt_list [list]
  foreach row $rowids {
    set stmt [sqlite3_prepare db "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE id = $row" -1 tail]
    sqlite3_step $stmt
................................................................................
    execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($i, 100, 101) }
  }
  for {set i 100} {$i < 200} {incr i} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($i, 1000, 1001) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree8-5.3 t2
do_test rtree8-5.4 {
  execsql BEGIN
  for {set i 0} {$i < 200} {incr i} {
    execsql { DELETE FROM t2 WHERE id = $i }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree8-5.5 t2


finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree9.test.

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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module. Specifically, it tests
# that custom r-tree queries (geometry callbacks) work.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable rtree_int_only { finish_test; return }

register_cube_geom db

do_execsql_test rtree9-1.1 {
................................................................................

for {set i 0} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
  set x [expr $i%10]
  set y [expr ($i/10)%10]
  set z [expr ($i/100)%10]
  execsql { INSERT INTO rt VALUES($i, $x, $x+1, $y, $y+1, $z, $z+1) }
}

do_execsql_test rtree9-2.1 {
  SELECT id FROM rt WHERE id MATCH cube(2.5, 2.5, 2.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {222 223 232 233 322 323 332 333}
do_execsql_test rtree9-2.2 {
  SELECT id FROM rt WHERE id MATCH cube(5.5, 5.5, 5.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {555 556 565 566 655 656 665 666}


do_execsql_test rtree9-3.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt32 USING rtree_i32(id, x1, x2, y1, y2, z1, z2);
} {} 
for {set i 0} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
  set x [expr $i%10]
  set y [expr ($i/10)%10]
  set z [expr ($i/100)%10]
  execsql { INSERT INTO rt32 VALUES($i, $x, $x+1, $y, $y+1, $z, $z+1) }
}

do_execsql_test rtree9-3.2 {
  SELECT id FROM rt32 WHERE id MATCH cube(3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {222 223 224 232 233 234 242 243 244 322 323 324 332 333 334 342 343 344 422 423 424 432 433 434 442 443 444}
do_execsql_test rtree9-3.3 {
  SELECT id FROM rt32 WHERE id MATCH cube(5.5, 5.5, 5.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {555 556 565 566 655 656 665 666}

................................................................................
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH circle(0.0, 0.0, 2.0);
} {1 2 3 4 13 14 15 16 17}

do_execsql_test rtree9-5.3 {
  UPDATE rt2 SET xmin=xmin+5, ymin=ymin+5, xmax=xmax+5, ymax=ymax+5;
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH circle(5.0, 5.0, 2.0);
} {1 2 3 4 13 14 15 16 17}


finish_test







>







 







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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module. Specifically, it tests
# that custom r-tree queries (geometry callbacks) work.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable rtree_int_only { finish_test; return }

register_cube_geom db

do_execsql_test rtree9-1.1 {
................................................................................

for {set i 0} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
  set x [expr $i%10]
  set y [expr ($i/10)%10]
  set z [expr ($i/100)%10]
  execsql { INSERT INTO rt VALUES($i, $x, $x+1, $y, $y+1, $z, $z+1) }
}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree9-2.0 rt
do_execsql_test rtree9-2.1 {
  SELECT id FROM rt WHERE id MATCH cube(2.5, 2.5, 2.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {222 223 232 233 322 323 332 333}
do_execsql_test rtree9-2.2 {
  SELECT id FROM rt WHERE id MATCH cube(5.5, 5.5, 5.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {555 556 565 566 655 656 665 666}


do_execsql_test rtree9-3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt32 USING rtree_i32(id, x1, x2, y1, y2, z1, z2);
} {} 
for {set i 0} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
  set x [expr $i%10]
  set y [expr ($i/10)%10]
  set z [expr ($i/100)%10]
  execsql { INSERT INTO rt32 VALUES($i, $x, $x+1, $y, $y+1, $z, $z+1) }
}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree9-3.1 rt32
do_execsql_test rtree9-3.2 {
  SELECT id FROM rt32 WHERE id MATCH cube(3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {222 223 224 232 233 234 242 243 244 322 323 324 332 333 334 342 343 344 422 423 424 432 433 434 442 443 444}
do_execsql_test rtree9-3.3 {
  SELECT id FROM rt32 WHERE id MATCH cube(5.5, 5.5, 5.5, 1, 1, 1) ORDER BY id;
} {555 556 565 566 655 656 665 666}

................................................................................
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH circle(0.0, 0.0, 2.0);
} {1 2 3 4 13 14 15 16 17}

do_execsql_test rtree9-5.3 {
  UPDATE rt2 SET xmin=xmin+5, ymin=ymin+5, xmax=xmax+5, ymax=ymax+5;
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH circle(5.0, 5.0, 2.0);
} {1 2 3 4 13 14 15 16 17}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtree9-5.4 rt2

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeA.test.

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do_corruption_tests rtreeA-1.1 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
  4   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10 AND x2>12"
}







do_execsql_test  rtreeA-1.2.0 { DROP TABLE t1_node } {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-1.2 -error "database disk image is malformed" {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
  4   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10 AND x2>12"
}
................................................................................
do_test rtreeA-3.1.0.1 { set_tree_depth t1 } {1}
do_test rtreeA-3.1.0.2 { set_tree_depth t1 3 } {3}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.1 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}





do_test rtreeA-3.2.0 { set_tree_depth t1 1000 } {1000}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.2 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}
................................................................................
} {65535}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.3 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}







#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Set the "number of entries" field on some nodes incorrectly.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
do_test rtreeA-4.1.0 { 
  set_entry_count t1 1 4000
................................................................................
create_t1
populate_t1
do_execsql_test rtreeA-5.1.0 { DELETE FROM t1_parent } {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-5.1 {
  1   "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 5"
  2   "DELETE FROM t1"
}





#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Add some bad entries to the %_parent table.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
do_execsql_test rtreeA-6.1.0 { 
  UPDATE t1_parent set parentnode = parentnode+1
} {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-6.1 {
  1   "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 5"
  2   "UPDATE t1 SET x1=x1+1, x2=x2+1"
}





#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Truncated blobs in the _node table.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
sqlite3 db test.db
................................................................................
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1>0 AND x1<100 AND x2>0 AND x2<100;
} {1 {undersize RTree blobs in "t1_node"}}
do_test rtreeA-7.120 {
  sqlite3_extended_errcode db
} {SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB}



finish_test








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do_corruption_tests rtreeA-1.1 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
  4   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10 AND x2>12"
}

do_execsql_test rtreeA-1.1.1 {
  SELECT rtreecheck('main', 't1')
} {{Node 1 missing from database
Wrong number of entries in %_rowid table - expected 0, actual 500
Wrong number of entries in %_parent table - expected 0, actual 23}}

do_execsql_test  rtreeA-1.2.0 { DROP TABLE t1_node } {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-1.2 -error "database disk image is malformed" {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
  4   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10 AND x2>12"
}
................................................................................
do_test rtreeA-3.1.0.1 { set_tree_depth t1 } {1}
do_test rtreeA-3.1.0.2 { set_tree_depth t1 3 } {3}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.1 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}

do_execsql_test rtreeA-3.1.0.3 {
  SELECT rtreecheck('main', 't1')!="ok"
} {1}

do_test rtreeA-3.2.0 { set_tree_depth t1 1000 } {1000}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.2 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}
................................................................................
} {65535}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-3.3 {
  1   "SELECT * FROM t1"
  2   "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=5"
  3   "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1000, 1, 2, 3, 4)"
}

do_execsql_test rtreeA-3.3.3.4 {
  SELECT rtreecheck('main', 't1')
} {{Rtree depth out of range (65535)
Wrong number of entries in %_rowid table - expected 0, actual 499
Wrong number of entries in %_parent table - expected 0, actual 23}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Set the "number of entries" field on some nodes incorrectly.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
do_test rtreeA-4.1.0 { 
  set_entry_count t1 1 4000
................................................................................
create_t1
populate_t1
do_execsql_test rtreeA-5.1.0 { DELETE FROM t1_parent } {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-5.1 {
  1   "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 5"
  2   "DELETE FROM t1"
}

do_execsql_test rtreeA-5.2 {
  SELECT rtreecheck('main', 't1')!="ok"
} {1}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Add some bad entries to the %_parent table.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
do_execsql_test rtreeA-6.1.0 { 
  UPDATE t1_parent set parentnode = parentnode+1
} {}
do_corruption_tests rtreeA-6.1 {
  1   "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 5"
  2   "UPDATE t1 SET x1=x1+1, x2=x2+1"
}

do_execsql_test rtreeA-6.2 {
  SELECT rtreecheck('main', 't1')!="ok"
} {1}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Truncated blobs in the _node table.
#
create_t1
populate_t1
sqlite3 db test.db
................................................................................
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1>0 AND x1<100 AND x2>0 AND x2<100;
} {1 {undersize RTree blobs in "t1_node"}}
do_test rtreeA-7.120 {
  sqlite3_extended_errcode db
} {SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB}



finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeB.test.

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# Make sure the rtreenode() testing function can handle entries with
# 64-bit rowids.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

ifcapable rtree_int_only {
  do_test rtreeB-1.1-intonly {
    db eval {
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x0, y0, x1, y1);
................................................................................
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4294967296, 0.0, 0.0, 300.0, 300.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(8589934592, 20.0, 20.0, 150.0, 150.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9223372036854775807, 150, 150, 400, 400);
      SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM t1_node;
    }
  } {{{1073741824 0 0 100 100} {2147483646 0 0 200 200} {4294967296 0 0 300 300} {8589934592 20 20 150 150} {9223372036854775807 150 150 400 400}}}
}



finish_test







>







 








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# Make sure the rtreenode() testing function can handle entries with
# 64-bit rowids.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

ifcapable rtree_int_only {
  do_test rtreeB-1.1-intonly {
    db eval {
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x0, y0, x1, y1);
................................................................................
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4294967296, 0.0, 0.0, 300.0, 300.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(8589934592, 20.0, 20.0, 150.0, 150.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9223372036854775807, 150, 150, 400, 400);
      SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM t1_node;
    }
  } {{{1073741824 0 0 100 100} {2147483646 0 0 200 200} {4294967296 0 0 300 300} {8589934592 20 20 150 150} {9223372036854775807 150 150 400 400}}}
}

do_rtree_integrity_test rtreeB-1.2 t1

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeC.test.

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# Make sure the rtreenode() testing function can handle entries with
# 64-bit rowids.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
set testprefix rtreeC

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r_tree USING rtree(id, min_x, max_x, min_y, max_y);
  CREATE TABLE t(x, y);
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+64 FROM t1;  -- 128
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+128 FROM t1; -- 256
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+256 FROM t1; -- 512
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+512 FROM t1; --1024

  INSERT INTO rt SELECT x, x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<=5;
}


# First test a query with no ANALYZE data at all. The outer loop is
# real table "t1".
#
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {







>







 







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# Make sure the rtreenode() testing function can handle entries with
# 64-bit rowids.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
set testprefix rtreeC

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r_tree USING rtree(id, min_x, max_x, min_y, max_y);
  CREATE TABLE t(x, y);
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+64 FROM t1;  -- 128
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+128 FROM t1; -- 256
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+256 FROM t1; -- 512
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+512 FROM t1; --1024

  INSERT INTO rt SELECT x, x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<=5;
}
do_rtree_integrity_test 5.1.1 rt

# First test a query with no ANALYZE data at all. The outer loop is
# real table "t1".
#
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeE.test.

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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module. Specifically, it tests
# that new-style custom r-tree queries (geometry callbacks) work.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable rtree_int_only { finish_test; return }


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test the example 2d "circle" geometry callback.
#
register_circle_geom db

do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1 {
  PRAGMA page_size=512;
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt1 USING rtree(id,x0,x1,y0,y1);
  
  /* A tight pattern of small boxes near 0,0 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
................................................................................

  /* A looser pattern of larger boxes near 0, 200 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
  INSERT INTO rt1 SELECT 200+x+5*y, x*7, x*7+15, y*7+200, y*7+215 FROM x, y;
} {}


# Queries against each of the three clusters */
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0.0, 0.0, 50.0, 3) ORDER BY id;
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24}
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1x {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle('x:0 y:0 r:50.0 e:3') ORDER BY id;
................................................................................
    db eval {INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($id,$x0,$x1,$y0,$y1)}
  }
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO rt2 SELECT * FROM t2;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}


for {set i 1} {$i<=200} {incr i} {
  set dx [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set dy [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set x0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dx))}]
  set x1 [expr {$x0+$dx}]
  set y0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dy))}]







>










|







 







>







 







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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module. Specifically, it tests
# that new-style custom r-tree queries (geometry callbacks) work.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable rtree_int_only { finish_test; return }


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test the example 2d "circle" geometry callback.
#
register_circle_geom db

do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.0.0 {
  PRAGMA page_size=512;
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt1 USING rtree(id,x0,x1,y0,y1);
  
  /* A tight pattern of small boxes near 0,0 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
................................................................................

  /* A looser pattern of larger boxes near 0, 200 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
  INSERT INTO rt1 SELECT 200+x+5*y, x*7, x*7+15, y*7+200, y*7+215 FROM x, y;
} {}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtreeE-1.0.1 rt1

# Queries against each of the three clusters */
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0.0, 0.0, 50.0, 3) ORDER BY id;
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24}
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1x {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle('x:0 y:0 r:50.0 e:3') ORDER BY id;
................................................................................
    db eval {INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($id,$x0,$x1,$y0,$y1)}
  }
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO rt2 SELECT * FROM t2;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtreeE-2.1.1 rt2

for {set i 1} {$i<=200} {incr i} {
  set dx [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set dy [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set x0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dx))}]
  set x1 [expr {$x0+$dx}]
  set y0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dy))}]

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeF.test.

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#     END;
#     DELETE FROM t2 WHERE y=1;
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test rtreeF-1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(a,b,c);
................................................................................
do_execsql_test rtreeF-1.5 {
  DELETE FROM t2 WHERE y=2;

  SELECT a FROM t3 ORDER BY a;
  SELECT '|';
  SELECT y FROM t2 ORDER BY y;
} {1 4 5 | 1 4}



finish_test







>







 








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#     END;
#     DELETE FROM t2 WHERE y=1;
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test rtreeF-1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(a,b,c);
................................................................................
do_execsql_test rtreeF-1.5 {
  DELETE FROM t2 WHERE y=2;

  SELECT a FROM t3 ORDER BY a;
  SELECT '|';
  SELECT y FROM t2 ORDER BY y;
} {1 4 5 | 1 4}

do_rtree_integrity_test rtreeF-1.6 t3

finish_test

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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module.
#
# Verify that no invalid SQL is run during initialization

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 

source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

db close
sqlite3_shutdown
test_sqlite3_log [list lappend ::log]
set ::log [list]
................................................................................
  set ::log
} {}

do_execsql_test rtreeG-1.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,10,15,5,23),(2,20,21,5,23),(3,10,15,20,30);
  SELECT id from t1 WHERE x0>8 AND x1<16 AND y0>2 AND y1<25;
} {1}

do_test rtreeG-1.2log {
  set ::log
} {}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test rtreeG-1.3 {







>







 







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# This file contains tests for the r-tree module.
#
# Verify that no invalid SQL is run during initialization

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }

db close
sqlite3_shutdown
test_sqlite3_log [list lappend ::log]
set ::log [list]
................................................................................
  set ::log
} {}

do_execsql_test rtreeG-1.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,10,15,5,23),(2,20,21,5,23),(3,10,15,20,30);
  SELECT id from t1 WHERE x0>8 AND x1<16 AND y0>2 AND y1<25;
} {1}
do_rtree_integrity_test rtreeG-1.2.integrity t1
do_test rtreeG-1.2log {
  set ::log
} {}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test rtreeG-1.3 {

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree_util.tcl.

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  set ret
}

proc rtree_treedump {db zTab} {
  set d [rtree_depth $db $zTab]
  rtree_nodetreedump $db $zTab "" $d 1
}












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  set ret
}

proc rtree_treedump {db zTab} {
  set d [rtree_depth $db $zTab]
  rtree_nodetreedump $db $zTab "" $d 1
}

proc do_rtree_integrity_test {tn tbl} {
  uplevel [list do_execsql_test $tn "SELECT rtreecheck('$tbl')" ok]
}

Added ext/rtree/rtreecheck.test.





























































































































































































































































































































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# 2017 August 17
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
#


if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix rtreecheck

ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}

proc swap_int32 {blob i0 i1} {
  binary scan $blob I* L

  set a [lindex $L $i0]
  set b [lindex $L $i1]

  lset L $i0 $b
  lset L $i1 $a

  binary format I* $L
}

proc set_int32 {blob idx val} {
  binary scan $blob I* L
  lset L $idx $val
  binary format I* $L
}

do_catchsql_test 1.0 {
  SELECT rtreecheck();
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function rtreecheck()}}

do_catchsql_test 1.1 {
  SELECT rtreecheck(0,0,0);
} {1 {wrong number of arguments to function rtreecheck()}}


proc setup_simple_db {{module rtree}} {
  reset_db
  db func swap_int32 swap_int32
  execsql "
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r1 USING $module (id, x1, x2, y1, y2);
    INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(1,  5, 5, 5, 5);  --  3
    INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(2,  6, 6, 6, 6);  --  9
    INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(3,  7, 7, 7, 7);  -- 15
    INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(4,  8, 8, 8, 8);  -- 21
    INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(5,  9, 9, 9, 9);  -- 27
  "
}

setup_simple_db
do_execsql_test 2.1 { 
  SELECT rtreecheck('r1') 
} {ok}

do_execsql_test 2.2 {
  UPDATE r1_node SET data = swap_int32(data, 3, 9);
  UPDATE r1_node SET data = swap_int32(data, 23, 29);
}

do_execsql_test 2.3 { 
  SELECT rtreecheck('r1') 
} {{Dimension 0 of cell 0 on node 1 is corrupt
Dimension 1 of cell 3 on node 1 is corrupt}}

setup_simple_db
do_execsql_test 2.4 {
  DELETE FROM r1_rowid WHERE rowid = 3;
  SELECT rtreecheck('r1') 
} {{Mapping (3 -> 1) missing from %_rowid table
Wrong number of entries in %_rowid table - expected 5, actual 4}}

setup_simple_db
do_execsql_test 2.5 {
  UPDATE r1_rowid SET nodeno=2 WHERE rowid=3;
  SELECT rtreecheck('r1') 
} {{Found (3 -> 2) in %_rowid table, expected (3 -> 1)}}

reset_db
do_execsql_test 3.0 { 
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r1 USING rtree_i32(id, x1, x2);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(1, 0x7FFFFFFF*-1, 0x7FFFFFFF);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(2, 0x7FFFFFFF*-1, 5);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(3, -5, 5);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(4, 5, 0x11111111);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(5, 5, 0x00800000);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(6, 5, 0x00008000);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(7, 5, 0x00000080);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(8, 5, 0x40490fdb);
  INSERT INTO r1 VALUES(9, 0x7f800000, 0x7f900000);
  SELECT rtreecheck('r1') 
} {ok}

do_execsql_test 3.1 { 
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r2 USING rtree_i32(id, x1, x2);
  INSERT INTO r2 VALUES(2, -1*(1<<31), -1*(1<<31)+5);
  SELECT rtreecheck('r2') 
} {ok}

do_execsql_test 3.2 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE r2_node SET data = X'123456';
    SELECT rtreecheck('r2')!="ok";
} {1}

do_execsql_test 3.3 {
  ROLLBACK;
  UPDATE r2_node SET data = X'00001234';
  SELECT rtreecheck('r2')!="ok";
} {1}

do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE notanrtree(i);
  SELECT rtreecheck('notanrtree');
} {{Schema corrupt or not an rtree}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
db func set_int32 set_int32
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r3 USING rtree_i32(id, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  WITH x(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM x WHERE i<1000
  )
  INSERT INTO r3 SELECT i, i, i, i, i FROM x;
}
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE r3_node SET data = set_int32(data, 3, 5000);
    UPDATE r3_node SET data = set_int32(data, 4, 5000);
    SELECT rtreecheck('r3')=='ok'
} 0
do_execsql_test 5.2 {
  ROLLBACK;
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE r3_node SET data = set_int32(data, 3, 0);
    UPDATE r3_node SET data = set_int32(data, 4, 0);
    SELECT rtreecheck('r3')=='ok'
} 0

finish_test

Changes to ext/session/sqlite3session.h.

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** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_str<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_str<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 







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** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppPatchset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing patchset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 

Changes to main.mk.

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THREADLIB += $(LIBS)

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o date.o dbstat.o delete.o expr.o \

	 fault.o fkey.o \
         fts3.o fts3_aux.o fts3_expr.o fts3_hash.o fts3_icu.o fts3_porter.o \
         fts3_snippet.o fts3_tokenizer.o fts3_tokenizer1.o \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.o \
	 fts3_unicode.o fts3_unicode2.o \
         fts3_write.o fts5.o func.o global.o hash.o \
         icu.o insert.o json1.o legacy.o loadext.o \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
#
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \

  sqlite3.h


# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_sqllog.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
................................................................................

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................

# executables needed for testing
#
TESTPROGS = \
  testfixture$(EXE) \
  sqlite3$(EXE) \
  sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE) \

  sqldiff$(EXE) \
  dbhash$(EXE)

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
................................................................................

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
DBFUZZ_OPT =
KV_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
ST_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0

................................................................................
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -o sqlite3$(EXE) $(SHELL_OPT) \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

dbhash$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o dbhash$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
................................................................................
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) <tsrc/vdbe.c >vdbe.new
	mv vdbe.new tsrc/vdbe.c
	cp fts5.c fts5.h tsrc
	touch target_source

sqlite3.c:	target_source $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	cp tsrc/shell.c tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .
	cp $(TOP)/ext/session/sqlite3session.h .
	echo '#ifndef USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE' >tclsqlite3.c
	cat sqlite3.c >>tclsqlite3.c
	echo '#endif /* USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE */' >>tclsqlite3.c
	cat $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >>tclsqlite3.c

sqlite3ext.h:	target_source
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid $(TOP)/VERSION $(TOP)/ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h













# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................

sqlite3rbu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c

# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl
	echo "#define TCLSH 2" > $@
	echo "#define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1" >> $@
	cat sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >> $@
	echo "static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){" >> $@
	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/tostr.tcl $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB) 

















dbdump$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCCX) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o dbdump$(EXE) \
            $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB



testfixture$(EXE): $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.a $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TESTSRC2) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c                \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) libsqlite3.a $(THREADLIB)

amalgamation-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c  \
				$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c                  \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c                            \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fts3-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c fts3amal.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
	-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1                                               \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c fts3amal.c       \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fulltest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzztest
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/all.test $(TESTOPTS)

................................................................................
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showjournal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

showwal$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showwal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)




changeset$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changeset$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

fts3view$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/tool/fts3view.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o fts3view$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/fts3/tool/fts3view.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)







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THREADLIB += $(LIBS)

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o \
         date.o dbpage.o dbstat.o delete.o expr.o \
	 fault.o fkey.o \
         fts3.o fts3_aux.o fts3_expr.o fts3_hash.o fts3_icu.o fts3_porter.o \
         fts3_snippet.o fts3_tokenizer.o fts3_tokenizer1.o \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.o \
	 fts3_unicode.o fts3_unicode2.o \
         fts3_write.o fts5.o func.o global.o hash.o \
         icu.o insert.o json1.o legacy.o loadext.o \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
#
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  shell.c \
  sqlite3.h


# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_sqllog.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
................................................................................

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................

# executables needed for testing
#
TESTPROGS = \
  testfixture$(EXE) \
  sqlite3$(EXE) \
  sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE) \
  sqlite3_checker$(EXE) \
  sqldiff$(EXE) \
  dbhash$(EXE)

# Databases containing fuzzer test cases
#
FUZZDATA = \
  $(TOP)/test/fuzzdata1.db \
................................................................................

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
DBFUZZ_OPT =
KV_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
ST_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0

................................................................................
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -o sqlite3$(EXE) $(SHELL_OPT) \
		shell.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

dbhash$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o dbhash$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
................................................................................
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/vdbe-compress.tcl $(OPTS) <tsrc/vdbe.c >vdbe.new
	mv vdbe.new tsrc/vdbe.c
	cp fts5.c fts5.h tsrc
	touch target_source

sqlite3.c:	target_source $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3c.tcl
	cp tsrc/sqlite3ext.h .
	cp $(TOP)/ext/session/sqlite3session.h .
	echo '#ifndef USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE' >tclsqlite3.c
	cat sqlite3.c >>tclsqlite3.c
	echo '#endif /* USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE */' >>tclsqlite3.c
	cat $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >>tclsqlite3.c

sqlite3ext.h:	target_source
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid $(TOP)/VERSION $(TOP)/ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/shathree.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl >shell.c



# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................

sqlite3rbu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c

# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in >sqlite3_analyzer.c







sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB) 

CHECKER_DEPS =\
  $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl \
  sqlite3.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.tcl \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkindex.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/checkfreelist.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/btreeinfo.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in

sqlite3_checker.c:	$(CHECKER_DEPS)
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/ext/repair/sqlite3_checker.c.in >$@

sqlite3_checker$(TEXE):	sqlite3_checker.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) sqlite3_checker.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

dbdump$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCCX) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o dbdump$(EXE) \
            $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit

testfixture$(EXE): $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.a $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TESTSRC2) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c                \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) libsqlite3.a $(THREADLIB)

amalgamation-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c  \
				$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c                  \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c                            \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fts3-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c fts3amal.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
	-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1                                               \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c fts3amal.c       \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fulltest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzztest
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/all.test $(TESTOPTS)

................................................................................
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showjournal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showjournal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

showwal$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showwal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

showshm$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(TCC) -o showshm$(EXE) $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c

changeset$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changeset$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

fts3view$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/tool/fts3view.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o fts3view$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/fts3/tool/fts3view.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

Changes to src/btree.c.

1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604



1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
....
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
....
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136

3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
....
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238

5239
5240





5241
5242
5243
5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
....
7719
7720
7721
7722
7723
7724
7725
7726
7727
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734

      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);



        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
** error, return ((unsigned int)-1).
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.
**
** If pCur!=0 then the page is being fetched as part of a moveToChild()
................................................................................

/*
** If the user has not set the safety-level for this database connection
** using "PRAGMA synchronous", and if the safety-level is not already
** set to the value passed to this function as the second parameter,
** set it so.
*/
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS!=SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS

static void setDefaultSyncFlag(BtShared *pBt, u8 safety_level){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *pDb;
  if( (db=pBt->db)!=0 && (pDb=db->aDb)!=0 ){
    while( pDb->pBt==0 || pDb->pBt->pBt!=pBt ){ pDb++; }
    if( pDb->bSyncSet==0 
     && pDb->safety_level!=safety_level 
................................................................................
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const void *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  u32 amt;
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->pPage);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->ix<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload>pCur->pPage->aData || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload<pCur->pPage->aDataEnd ||CORRUPT_DB);

  amt = (int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload);
  if( pCur->info.nLocal<amt ) amt = pCur->info.nLocal;





  *pAmt = amt;
  return (void*)pCur->info.pPayload;
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
................................................................................
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(0, szScratch );
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];







>
>
>







 







|







 







|
>







 







|








>
|
<
>
>
>
>
>
|







 







<
<







1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
....
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
....
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
....
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243
5244

5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
....
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734


7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
7741

      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
        if( top>=iFree ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PGNO(pPage->pgno);
        }
        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
** error, return ((unsigned int)-1).
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x80000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.
**
** If pCur!=0 then the page is being fetched as part of a moveToChild()
................................................................................

/*
** If the user has not set the safety-level for this database connection
** using "PRAGMA synchronous", and if the safety-level is not already
** set to the value passed to this function as the second parameter,
** set it so.
*/
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS!=SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS \
    && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
static void setDefaultSyncFlag(BtShared *pBt, u8 safety_level){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *pDb;
  if( (db=pBt->db)!=0 && (pDb=db->aDb)!=0 ){
    while( pDb->pBt==0 || pDb->pBt->pBt!=pBt ){ pDb++; }
    if( pDb->bSyncSet==0 
     && pDb->safety_level!=safety_level 
................................................................................
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const void *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  int amt;
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->pPage);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->ix<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload>pCur->pPage->aData || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload<pCur->pPage->aDataEnd ||CORRUPT_DB);
  amt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  if( amt>(int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload) ){

    /* There is too little space on the page for the expected amount
    ** of local content. Database must be corrupt. */
    assert( CORRUPT_DB );
    amt = MAX(0, (int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload));
  }
  *pAmt = (u32)amt;
  return (void*)pCur->info.pPayload;
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
................................................................................
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */



  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(0, szScratch );
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];

Changes to src/build.c.

1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
....
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
....
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
....
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870

3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
  Table *p;
  int i;
  char *z;
  char *zType;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->nCol+1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns on %s", p->zName);
    return;
  }
#endif
  z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pName->n + pType->n + 2);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  memcpy(z, pName->z, pName->n);
  z[pName->n] = 0;
  sqlite3Dequote(z);
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, p->aCol[i].zName)==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  Index *pIdx;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  destroyRootPage(pParse, pTab->tnum, iDb);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
  }
#else
  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
  ** largest root-page number. This guarantees that none of the root-pages
  ** to be destroyed is relocated by an earlier OP_Destroy. i.e. if the
  ** following were coded:
  **
................................................................................
    }else{
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_statN tables (for N in (1,2,3))
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
................................................................................
  if( !p && (pOn || pUsing) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a JOIN clause is required before %s", 
      (pOn ? "ON" : "USING")
    );
    goto append_from_error;
  }
  p = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, p, pTable, pDatabase);
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nSrc==0) ){
    goto append_from_error;
  }

  pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
  assert( pAlias!=0 );
  if( pAlias->n ){
    pItem->zAlias = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pAlias);
  }
  pItem->pSelect = pSubquery;
  pItem->pOn = pOn;







<




<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<







 







|


>







1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067

1068
1069
1070
1071

1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
....
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368








2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
....
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410

2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
....
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
  Table *p;
  int i;
  char *z;
  char *zType;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;

  if( p->nCol+1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns on %s", p->zName);
    return;
  }

  z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pName->n + pType->n + 2);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  memcpy(z, pName->z, pName->n);
  z[pName->n] = 0;
  sqlite3Dequote(z);
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, p->aCol[i].zName)==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){








  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
  ** largest root-page number. This guarantees that none of the root-pages
  ** to be destroyed is relocated by an earlier OP_Destroy. i.e. if the
  ** following were coded:
  **
................................................................................
    }else{
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }

}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_statN tables (for N in (1,2,3))
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
................................................................................
  if( !p && (pOn || pUsing) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a JOIN clause is required before %s", 
      (pOn ? "ON" : "USING")
    );
    goto append_from_error;
  }
  p = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, p, pTable, pDatabase);
  if( p==0 ){
    goto append_from_error;
  }
  assert( p->nSrc>0 );
  pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
  assert( pAlias!=0 );
  if( pAlias->n ){
    pItem->zAlias = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pAlias);
  }
  pItem->pSelect = pSubquery;
  pItem->pOn = pOn;

Added src/dbpage.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017-10-11
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains an implementation of the "sqlite_dbpage" virtual table.
**
** The sqlite_dbpage virtual table is used to read or write whole raw
** pages of the database file.  The pager interface is used so that 
** uncommitted changes and changes recorded in the WAL file are correctly
** retrieved.
**
** Usage example:
**
**    SELECT data FROM sqlite_dbpage('aux1') WHERE pgno=123;
**
** This is an eponymous virtual table so it does not need to be created before
** use.  The optional argument to the sqlite_dbpage() table name is the
** schema for the database file that is to be read.  The default schema is
** "main".
**
** The data field of sqlite_dbpage table can be updated.  The new
** value must be a BLOB which is the correct page size, otherwise the
** update fails.  Rows may not be deleted or inserted.
*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"   /* Requires access to internal data structures */
#if (defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)) \
    && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)

typedef struct DbpageTable DbpageTable;
typedef struct DbpageCursor DbpageCursor;

struct DbpageCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;       /* Base class.  Must be first */
  int pgno;                       /* Current page number */
  int mxPgno;                     /* Last page to visit on this scan */
  Pager *pPager;                  /* Pager being read/written */
  DbPage *pPage1;                 /* Page 1 of the database */
  int iDb;                        /* Index of database to analyze */
  int szPage;                     /* Size of each page in bytes */
};

struct DbpageTable {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The database */
};

/* Columns */
#define DBPAGE_COLUMN_PGNO    0
#define DBPAGE_COLUMN_DATA    1
#define DBPAGE_COLUMN_SCHEMA  2



/*
** Connect to or create a dbpagevfs virtual table.
*/
static int dbpageConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  DbpageTable *pTab = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, 
          "CREATE TABLE x(pgno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, data BLOB, schema HIDDEN)");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTab = (DbpageTable *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(DbpageTable));
    if( pTab==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pTab==0 );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memset(pTab, 0, sizeof(DbpageTable));
    pTab->db = db;
  }

  *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pTab;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Disconnect from or destroy a dbpagevfs virtual table.
*/
static int dbpageDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** idxNum:
**
**     0     schema=main, full table scan
**     1     schema=main, pgno=?1
**     2     schema=?1, full table scan
**     3     schema=?1, pgno=?2
*/
static int dbpageBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
  int i;
  int iPlan = 0;

  /* If there is a schema= constraint, it must be honored.  Report a
  ** ridiculously large estimated cost if the schema= constraint is
  ** unavailable
  */
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->iColumn!=DBPAGE_COLUMN_SCHEMA ) continue;
    if( p->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    if( !p->usable ){
      /* No solution.  Use the default SQLITE_BIG_DBL cost */
      pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 0x7fffffff;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    iPlan = 2;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;
    break;
  }

  /* If we reach this point, it means that either there is no schema=
  ** constraint (in which case we use the "main" schema) or else the
  ** schema constraint was accepted.  Lower the estimated cost accordingly
  */
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0e6;

  /* Check for constraints against pgno */
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->usable && p->iColumn<=0 && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
      pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 1;
      pIdxInfo->idxFlags = SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = iPlan ? 2 : 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;
      iPlan |= 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = iPlan;

  if( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy>=1
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn<=0
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].desc==0
  ){
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new dbpagevfs cursor.
*/
static int dbpageOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr;

  pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(DbpageCursor));
  if( pCsr==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(DbpageCursor));
    pCsr->base.pVtab = pVTab;
    pCsr->pgno = -1;
  }

  *ppCursor = (sqlite3_vtab_cursor *)pCsr;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a dbpagevfs cursor.
*/
static int dbpageClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  if( pCsr->pPage1 ) sqlite3PagerUnrefPageOne(pCsr->pPage1);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move a dbpagevfs cursor to the next entry in the file.
*/
static int dbpageNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  pCsr->pgno++;
  return rc;
}

static int dbpageEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  return pCsr->pgno > pCsr->mxPgno;
}

/*
** idxNum:
**
**     0     schema=main, full table scan
**     1     schema=main, pgno=?1
**     2     schema=?1, full table scan
**     3     schema=?1, pgno=?2
**
** idxStr is not used
*/
static int dbpageFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db = pTab->db;
  Btree *pBt;

  /* Default setting is no rows of result */
  pCsr->pgno = 1; 
  pCsr->mxPgno = 0;

  if( idxNum & 2 ){
    const char *zSchema;
    assert( argc>=1 );
    zSchema = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    pCsr->iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zSchema);
    if( pCsr->iDb<0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    pCsr->iDb = 0;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].pBt;
  if( pBt==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pCsr->pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
  pCsr->szPage = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt);
  pCsr->mxPgno = sqlite3BtreeLastPage(pBt);
  if( idxNum & 1 ){
    assert( argc>(idxNum>>1) );
    pCsr->pgno = sqlite3_value_int(argv[idxNum>>1]);
    if( pCsr->pgno<1 || pCsr->pgno>pCsr->mxPgno ){
      pCsr->pgno = 1;
      pCsr->mxPgno = 0;
    }else{
      pCsr->mxPgno = pCsr->pgno;
    }
  }else{
    assert( pCsr->pgno==1 );
  }
  if( pCsr->pPage1 ) sqlite3PagerUnrefPageOne(pCsr->pPage1);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pCsr->pPager, 1, &pCsr->pPage1, 0);
  return rc;
}

static int dbpageColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i
){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  switch( i ){
    case 0: {           /* pgno */
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->pgno);
      break;
    }
    case 1: {           /* data */
      DbPage *pDbPage = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pCsr->pPager, pCsr->pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_result_blob(ctx, sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage), pCsr->szPage,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
      sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
      break;
    }
    default: {          /* schema */
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx);
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].zDbSName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int dbpageRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  *pRowid = pCsr->pgno;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int dbpageUpdate(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv,
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid
){
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pVtab;
  int pgno;
  DbPage *pDbPage = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  const char *zSchema;
  int iDb;
  Btree *pBt;
  Pager *pPager;
  int szPage;

  if( argc==1 ){
    zErr = "cannot delete";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  pgno = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  if( sqlite3_value_int(argv[1])!=pgno ){
    zErr = "cannot insert";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  zSchema = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[4]);
  iDb = zSchema ? sqlite3FindDbName(pTab->db, zSchema) : -1;
  if( iDb<0 ){
    zErr = "no such schema";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  pBt = pTab->db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
  if( pgno<1 || pBt==0 || pgno>(int)sqlite3BtreeLastPage(pBt) ){
    zErr = "bad page number";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  szPage = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt);
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[3])!=SQLITE_BLOB 
   || sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[3])!=szPage
  ){
    zErr = "bad page value";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage),
             sqlite3_value_blob(argv[3]),
             szPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  return rc;

update_fail:
  sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
  pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zErr);
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/* Since we do not know in advance which database files will be
** written by the sqlite_dbpage virtual table, start a write transaction
** on them all.
*/
static int dbpageBegin(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = pTab->db;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ) sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 1);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Invoke this routine to register the "dbpage" virtual table module
*/
int sqlite3DbpageRegister(sqlite3 *db){
  static sqlite3_module dbpage_module = {
    0,                            /* iVersion */
    dbpageConnect,                /* xCreate */
    dbpageConnect,                /* xConnect */
    dbpageBestIndex,              /* xBestIndex */
    dbpageDisconnect,             /* xDisconnect */
    dbpageDisconnect,             /* xDestroy */
    dbpageOpen,                   /* xOpen - open a cursor */
    dbpageClose,                  /* xClose - close a cursor */
    dbpageFilter,                 /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
    dbpageNext,                   /* xNext - advance a cursor */
    dbpageEof,                    /* xEof - check for end of scan */
    dbpageColumn,                 /* xColumn - read data */
    dbpageRowid,                  /* xRowid - read data */
    dbpageUpdate,                 /* xUpdate */
    dbpageBegin,                  /* xBegin */
    0,                            /* xSync */
    0,                            /* xCommit */
    0,                            /* xRollback */
    0,                            /* xFindMethod */
    0,                            /* xRename */
    0,                            /* xSavepoint */
    0,                            /* xRelease */
    0,                            /* xRollbackTo */
  };
  return sqlite3_create_module(db, "sqlite_dbpage", &dbpage_module, 0);
}
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB)
int sqlite3DbpageRegister(sqlite3 *db){ return SQLITE_OK; }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB */

Changes to src/expr.c.

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  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**





** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}



























/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
  assert( pToken );
  pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_FUNCTION, pToken, 1);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList); /* Avoid memory leak when malloc fails */
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->x.pList = pList;

  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
  sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, pNew);
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
       Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
       assert( pExpr!=0 );
       m |= pExpr->flags;
    }
  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( pColl==0 || sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        if( isRowid ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant







>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>







 







>







 







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120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
...
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
...
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
....
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720

1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
....
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
....
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq() works the same exact that it returns the
** default collation if pExpr has no defined collation.
**
** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return a pointer to the
** defautl collation sequence.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprCollSeq() routine works the same except that it
** returns NULL if there is no defined collation.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  CollSeq *p = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr);
  if( p==0 ) p = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
  assert( p!=0 );
  return p;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the two expressions have equivalent collating sequences.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(Parse *pParse, Expr *pE1, Expr *pE2){
  CollSeq *pColl1 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE1);
  CollSeq *pColl2 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE2);
  return sqlite3StrICmp(pColl1->zName, pColl2->zName)==0;
}

/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
  assert( pToken );
  pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_FUNCTION, pToken, 1);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList); /* Avoid memory leak when malloc fails */
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->x.pList = pList;
  ExprSetProperty(pNew, EP_HasFunc);
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
  sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, pNew);
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  assert( pList!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
     Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
     assert( pExpr!=0 );
     m |= pExpr->flags;

  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        if( isRowid ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, 0, r2, 0, "", P4_STATIC);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant

Changes to src/func.c.

694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705

706
707

708



709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;
        int bMatch;
        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);

        }else{
          cx = c;

        }



        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }else{
        int bMatch;
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;







|


|
|
>

|
>

>
>
>
|
<







694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714

715
716
717
718
719
720
721
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        char zStop[3];
        int bMatch;
        if( noCase ){
          zStop[0] = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          zStop[1] = sqlite3Tolower(c);
          zStop[2] = 0;
        }else{
          zStop[0] = c;
          zStop[1] = 0;
        }
        while(1){
          zString += strcspn((const char*)zString, zStop);
          if( zString[0]==0 ) break;
          zString++;

          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }else{
        int bMatch;
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;

Changes to src/insert.c.

480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
...
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
...
908
909
910
911
912
913
914

915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    pSelect = 0;
  }

  /* Locate the table into which we will be inserting new information.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  zTab = pTabList->a[0].zName;
  if( NEVER(zTab==0) ) goto insert_cleanup;
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0,
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);

        if( ALWAYS(pOp) && pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
          pOp->p1 = iDataCur;
          pOp->p2 = regRowid;
          pOp->p3 = regAutoinc;
        }
      }







<







 







<
<







 







>
|







480
481
482
483
484
485
486

487
488
489
490
491
492
493
...
535
536
537
538
539
540
541


542
543
544
545
546
547
548
...
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */

  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    pSelect = 0;
  }

  /* Locate the table into which we will be inserting new information.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );


  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0,
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
        assert( pOp!=0 );
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
          pOp->p1 = iDataCur;
          pOp->p2 = regRowid;
          pOp->p3 = regAutoinc;
        }
      }

Changes to src/main.c.

43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52


53
54
55
56
57
58
59
....
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053






3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
....
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
....
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
#endif

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-53536-42575 The sqlite3_libversion() function returns
** a pointer to the to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. 
*/
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-63124-39300 The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns a
** pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
** SQLITE_SOURCE_ID C preprocessor macro. 


*/
const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-35210-63508 The sqlite3_libversion_number() function
** returns an integer equal to SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER.
*/
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3RtreeInit(db);
  }
#endif







#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbstatRegister(db);
  }
#endif

................................................................................

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS, int X)
    **
    ** This action provides a run-time test to see how the ALWAYS and
    ** NEVER macros were defined at compile-time.
    **
    ** The return value is ALWAYS(X).  
    **
    ** The recommended test is X==2.  If the return value is 2, that means
    ** ALWAYS() and NEVER() are both no-op pass-through macros, which is the
    ** default setting.  If the return value is 1, then ALWAYS() is either
    ** hard-coded to true or else it asserts if its argument is false.
    ** The first behavior (hard-coded to true) is the case if
    ** SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT shows that assert() is disabled and the second
................................................................................
    **      // ALWAYS(x) asserts that x is true. NEVER(x) asserts x is false.
    **    }else{
    **      // ALWAYS(x) is a constant 1.  NEVER(x) is a constant 0.
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = ALWAYS(x);
      break;
    }

    /*
    **   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER);
    **
    ** The integer returned reveals the byte-order of the computer on which







|

|
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|







43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
....
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
....
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
....
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
#endif

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-53536-42575 The sqlite3_libversion() function returns
** a pointer to the to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. 
*/
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-25063-23286 The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns a
** pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
** SQLITE_SOURCE_ID C preprocessor macro. Except if SQLite is built using
** an edited copy of the amalgamation, then the last four characters of
** the hash might be different from SQLITE_SOURCE_ID.
*/
const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-35210-63508 The sqlite3_libversion_number() function
** returns an integer equal to SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER.
*/
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3RtreeInit(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbpageRegister(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbstatRegister(db);
  }
#endif

................................................................................

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS, int X)
    **
    ** This action provides a run-time test to see how the ALWAYS and
    ** NEVER macros were defined at compile-time.
    **
    ** The return value is ALWAYS(X) if X is true, or 0 if X is false.
    **
    ** The recommended test is X==2.  If the return value is 2, that means
    ** ALWAYS() and NEVER() are both no-op pass-through macros, which is the
    ** default setting.  If the return value is 1, then ALWAYS() is either
    ** hard-coded to true or else it asserts if its argument is false.
    ** The first behavior (hard-coded to true) is the case if
    ** SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT shows that assert() is disabled and the second
................................................................................
    **      // ALWAYS(x) asserts that x is true. NEVER(x) asserts x is false.
    **    }else{
    **      // ALWAYS(x) is a constant 1.  NEVER(x) is a constant 0.
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = x ? ALWAYS(x) : 0;
      break;
    }

    /*
    **   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER);
    **
    ** The integer returned reveals the byte-order of the computer on which

Changes to src/os.c.

149
150
151
152
153
154
155

156
157
158
159
160
161
162
...
168
169
170
171
172
173
174

175
176
177
178
179
180
181
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id){
  int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*) = id->pMethods->xSectorSize;
  return (xSectorSize ? xSectorSize(id) : SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE);
}
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  return id->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(id);
}

int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int offset, int n, int flags){
  return id->pMethods->xShmLock(id, offset, n, flags);
}
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id){
  id->pMethods->xShmBarrier(id);
}
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int deleteFlag){
................................................................................
  int pgsz,
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Pointer to mapping */
){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xShmMap(id, iPage, pgsz, bExtend, pp);
}


#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* The real implementation of xFetch and xUnfetch */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64 iOff, int iAmt, void **pp){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xFetch(id, iOff, iAmt, pp);
}







>







 







>







149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
...
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id){
  int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*) = id->pMethods->xSectorSize;
  return (xSectorSize ? xSectorSize(id) : SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE);
}
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  return id->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(id);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int offset, int n, int flags){
  return id->pMethods->xShmLock(id, offset, n, flags);
}
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id){
  id->pMethods->xShmBarrier(id);
}
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int deleteFlag){
................................................................................
  int pgsz,
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Pointer to mapping */
){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xShmMap(id, iPage, pgsz, bExtend, pp);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* The real implementation of xFetch and xUnfetch */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64 iOff, int iAmt, void **pp){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xFetch(id, iOff, iAmt, pp);
}

Changes to src/os.h.

170
171
172
173
174
175
176

177
178
179
180

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut);
int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
void sqlite3OsFileControlHint(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED 0xca093fa0
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id);

int sqlite3OsShmMap(sqlite3_file *,int,int,int,void volatile **);
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int, int, int);
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int);

int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64, int, void **);
int sqlite3OsUnfetch(sqlite3_file *, i64, void *);


/* 
** Functions for accessing sqlite3_vfs methods 
*/







>




>







170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut);
int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
void sqlite3OsFileControlHint(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED 0xca093fa0
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
int sqlite3OsShmMap(sqlite3_file *,int,int,int,void volatile **);
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int, int, int);
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64, int, void **);
int sqlite3OsUnfetch(sqlite3_file *, i64, void *);


/* 
** Functions for accessing sqlite3_vfs methods 
*/

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

509
510
511
512
513
514
515

516



517
518
519
520
521
522
523
#if defined(HAVE_LSTAT)
  { "lstat",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)lstat,          0 },
#else
  { "lstat",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,              0 },
#endif
#define osLstat      ((int(*)(const char*,struct stat*))aSyscall[27].pCurrent)


  { "ioctl",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ioctl,          0 },



#define osIoctl ((int(*)(int,int,...))aSyscall[28].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */


/*
** On some systems, calls to fchown() will trigger a message in a security







>

>
>
>







509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
#if defined(HAVE_LSTAT)
  { "lstat",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)lstat,          0 },
#else
  { "lstat",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,              0 },
#endif
#define osLstat      ((int(*)(const char*,struct stat*))aSyscall[27].pCurrent)

#if defined(__linux__) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
  { "ioctl",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ioctl,          0 },
#else
  { "ioctl",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,              0 },
#endif
#define osIoctl ((int(*)(int,int,...))aSyscall[28].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */


/*
** On some systems, calls to fchown() will trigger a message in a security

Changes to src/os_win.c.

5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065

5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072




5073

5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
....
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
5091
5092

5093
5094
5095
5096
5097

5098
5099
5100




5101

5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;

    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

#else
    do{
      h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
................................................................................
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{

    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,

                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));








>
|
|
|
|
|
<
|
>
>
>
>
|
>







 







>
|
|
|
|
|
>
|
<
<
>
>
>
>
|
>







5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071

5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
....
5091
5092
5093
5094
5095
5096
5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105


5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    do{
      h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        &extendedParameters);

      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;
      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#else
    do{
      h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
................................................................................
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    do{
      h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                        NULL);
      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;


      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

Changes to src/pager.c.

1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215


1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
....
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064


3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076


3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE) \
 || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
  int dc;                           /* Device characteristics */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  dc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);


#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
  if( dc&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC ){
    return -1;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
**
** If an IO error occurs, then the IO error is returned to the caller.
** Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */


  u32 iFrame = 0;              /* Frame of WAL containing pgno */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pPg->pgno, &iFrame);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( iFrame ){
    rc = sqlite3WalReadFrame(pPager->pWal, iFrame,pPager->pageSize,pPg->pData);
  }else{


    i64 iOffset = (pPg->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, pPg->pData, pPager->pageSize, iOffset);
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }








>
>







 







>
>











|
>
>







1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
....
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE) \
 || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
  int dc;                           /* Device characteristics */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  dc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pPager);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
  if( dc&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC ){
    return -1;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
**
** If an IO error occurs, then the IO error is returned to the caller.
** Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 iFrame = 0;              /* Frame of WAL containing pgno */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pPg->pgno, &iFrame);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( iFrame ){
    rc = sqlite3WalReadFrame(pPager->pWal, iFrame,pPager->pageSize,pPg->pData);
  }else
#endif
  {
    i64 iOffset = (pPg->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, pPg->pData, pPager->pageSize, iOffset);
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

Changes to src/pcache.c.

562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as clean. If it isn't clean already,
** make it so.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr *p){
  assert( sqlite3PcachePageSanity(p) );
  if( ALWAYS((p->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY)!=0) ){
    assert( (p->flags & PGHDR_CLEAN)==0 );
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
    p->flags &= ~(PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_NEED_SYNC|PGHDR_WRITEABLE);
    p->flags |= PGHDR_CLEAN;
    pcacheTrace(("%p.CLEAN %d\n",p->pCache,p->pgno));
    assert( sqlite3PcachePageSanity(p) );
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Make every page in the cache clean.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(PCache *pCache){







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<







562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577

578
579
580
581
582
583
584

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as clean. If it isn't clean already,
** make it so.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr *p){
  assert( sqlite3PcachePageSanity(p) );
  assert( (p->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY)!=0 );
  assert( (p->flags & PGHDR_CLEAN)==0 );
  pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  p->flags &= ~(PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_NEED_SYNC|PGHDR_WRITEABLE);
  p->flags |= PGHDR_CLEAN;
  pcacheTrace(("%p.CLEAN %d\n",p->pCache,p->pgno));
  assert( sqlite3PcachePageSanity(p) );
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    pcacheUnpin(p);

  }
}

/*
** Make every page in the cache clean.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(PCache *pCache){

Changes to src/prepare.c.

469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476

477
478
479
480
481
482
483
  ** We return -1000000 instead of the more usual -1 simply because using
  ** -1000000 as the incorrect index into db->aDb[] is much 
  ** more likely to cause a segfault than -1 (of course there are assert()
  ** statements too, but it never hurts to play the odds).
  */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( pSchema ){
    for(i=0; ALWAYS(i<db->nDb); i++){

      if( db->aDb[i].pSchema==pSchema ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( i>=0 && i<db->nDb );
  }
  return i;







|
>







469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
  ** We return -1000000 instead of the more usual -1 simply because using
  ** -1000000 as the incorrect index into db->aDb[] is much 
  ** more likely to cause a segfault than -1 (of course there are assert()
  ** statements too, but it never hurts to play the odds).
  */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( pSchema ){
    for(i=0; 1; i++){
      assert( i<db->nDb );
      if( db->aDb[i].pSchema==pSchema ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( i>=0 && i<db->nDb );
  }
  return i;

Changes to src/resolve.c.

955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
....
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
  ExprList *pEList;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int moreToDo = 1;

  pOrderBy = pSelect->pOrderBy;
  if( pOrderBy==0 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in ORDER BY clause");
    return 1;
  }
#endif
  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    pOrderBy->a[i].done = 0;
  }
  pSelect->pNext = 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ){
    pSelect->pPrior->pNext = pSelect;
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
................................................................................
){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;

  if( pOrderBy==0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in %s BY clause", zType);
    return 1;
  }
#endif
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( pEList!=0 );  /* sqlite3SelectNew() guarantees this */
  for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol ){
      if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>pEList->nExpr ){
        resolveOutOfRangeError(pParse, zType, i+1, pEList->nExpr);
        return 1;







<




<







 







<




<







955
956
957
958
959
960
961

962
963
964
965

966
967
968
969
970
971
972
....
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056

1057
1058
1059
1060

1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
  ExprList *pEList;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int moreToDo = 1;

  pOrderBy = pSelect->pOrderBy;
  if( pOrderBy==0 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;

  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in ORDER BY clause");
    return 1;
  }

  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    pOrderBy->a[i].done = 0;
  }
  pSelect->pNext = 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ){
    pSelect->pPrior->pNext = pSelect;
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
................................................................................
){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;

  if( pOrderBy==0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in %s BY clause", zType);
    return 1;
  }

  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( pEList!=0 );  /* sqlite3SelectNew() guarantees this */
  for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol ){
      if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>pEList->nExpr ){
        resolveOutOfRangeError(pParse, zType, i+1, pEList->nExpr);
        return 1;

Changes to src/select.c.

71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
...
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121

122
123
124
125
126
127
128
...
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145

146
147
148
149
150
151
152
...
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
...
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
...
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762

763
764
765
766
767
768
769
....
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
....
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370

1371
1372


1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
....
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454

1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471

1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
....
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
....
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
....
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
....
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
....
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694

1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
....
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806

1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
....
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183

3184

3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
....
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298

3299
3300
3301
3302



3303
3304

3305
3306
3307
3308
3309




3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357


3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
....
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391

3392
3393
3394
3395

3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
....
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
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3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
....
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494

3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513

3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521

3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560








3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
....
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
....
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849




3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
....
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875









3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883


3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902



3903

3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918


3919
3920
3921

3922
3923

3924




3925
3926

3927




3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935

3936
3937
3938
3939

3940
3941
3942



3943
3944
3945
3946
3947



3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
....
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230

4231
4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
....
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
....
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332

4333
4334
4335
4336
4337

4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
....
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374



4375

4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
....
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439
4440

4441
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
....
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455

4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
....
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590



4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
....
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
....
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
....
5028
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
....
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126


5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
....
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203







5204





























5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
5217
....
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243



5244
5245
5246
5247

5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
....
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308



5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333

5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
....
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390

5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
....
5612
5613
5614
5615
5616
5617
5618





5619
5620
5621
5622
5623
5624
5625
5626


















5627
5628
5629
5630
5631
5632
5633
....
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857
5858
5859
5860
5861
5862
5863
....
5911
5912
5913
5914
5915
5916
5917
5918
5919
5920
5921
5922
5923
5924
5925
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
5931
5932
5933
5934
5935
5936
5937
5938
5939
5940
5941
5942
5943
5944
5945
5946
5947
5948
5949
5950
5951
5952
5953
5954
5955
5956
5957
5958
5959
5960
5961
5962
5963
5964
5965
5966

5967









5968

5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
5989
5990
5991
5992
5993
5994
5995
....
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021
6022
6023
6024
6025
6026
6027
6028
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
    if( p->pWith ) sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);
    if( bFree ) sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p);
    p = pPrior;
    bFree = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));

  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );

  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( p ) clearSelect(db, p, 1);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pLeft;     /* Left table being joined */
  struct SrcList_item *pRight;    /* Right table being joined */

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  pLeft = &pSrc->a[0];
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){
    Table *pLeftTab = pLeft->pTab;
    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeftTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
................................................................................
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,0,ecelFlags);

  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
#endif
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 

  Expr *pExpr,
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA


  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,
#endif
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;
  u8 estWidth = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#endif

  assert( pExpr!=0 );
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
        }
      }else if( pTab->pSchema ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );

        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
        }
#else

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif
  if( pEstWidth ) *pEstWidth = estWidth;
  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, 0);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}


................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the result
**                              column name is just the table column name: COLUMN. 
**                              Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering indexes not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
  Hash ht;                    /* Hash table of column names */

  sqlite3HashInit(&ht);
  if( pEList ){
    nCol = pEList->nExpr;
    aCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
    testcase( aCol==0 );

  }else{
    nCol = 0;
    aCol = 0;
  }
  assert( nCol==(i16)nCol );
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;
  u64 szAll = 0;

  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    const char *zType;
    int n, m;
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, &pCol->szEst);
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);

    if( zType && (m = sqlite3Strlen30(zType))>0 ){
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(pCol->zName);
      pCol->zName = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(db, pCol->zName, n+m+2);
      if( pCol->zName ){
        memcpy(&pCol->zName[n+1], zType, m+1);
        pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
      }
    }
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable ){

    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is only attempted if all of the following are true:
**

**   (1)  The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates.
**
**   (2)  The subquery is not an aggregate or (2a) the outer query is not a join
**        and (2b) the outer query does not use subqueries other than the one



**        FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate for flattening.  (2b is
**        due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80] from 2015-02-09.)

**
**   (3)  The subquery is not the right operand of a LEFT JOIN
**        or (a) the subquery is not itself a join and (b) the FROM clause
**        of the subquery does not contain a virtual table and (c) the 
**        outer query is not an aggregate.




**
**   (4)  The subquery is not DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**   (6)  The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery has a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query 
**        does not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery does not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  The outer query is not part of a compound select or the
**        subquery does not have a LIMIT clause.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does
**        not contain ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  The sub-query is not a compound select, or it is a UNION ALL 
**        compound clause made up entirely of non-aggregate queries, and 
**        the parent query:
**
**          * is not itself part of a compound select,
**          * is not an aggregate or DISTINCT query, and


**          * is not a join
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER by clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (20)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use
**        an ORDER BY clause.  Ticket #3773.  We could relax this constraint
**        somewhat by saying that the terms of the ORDER BY clause must
**        appear as unmodified result columns in the outer query.  But we
**        have other optimizations in mind to deal with that case.
**
**  (21)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery is not a recursive CTE.
**
**  (23)  The parent is not a recursive CTE, or the sub-query is not a

**        compound query. This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**

**  (24)  The subquery is not an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates and subqueryIsAgg is true if the subquery uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg,           /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */
  int subqueryIsAgg    /* True if the subquery uses aggregate functions */
){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );  /* Unable to flatten compound queries */
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );
  if( subqueryIsAgg ){
    if( isAgg ) return 0;                                /* Restriction (1)   */
    if( pSrc->nSrc>1 ) return 0;                         /* Restriction (2a)  */
    if( (p->pWhere && ExprHasProperty(p->pWhere,EP_Subquery))
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pEList) & EP_Subquery)!=0
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pOrderBy) & EP_Subquery)!=0
    ){
      return 0;                                          /* Restriction (2b)  */
    }
  }

  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 && subqueryIsAgg ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (6)  */
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_MinMaxAgg );
  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive|SF_MinMaxAgg) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) and (24) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive) && pSub->pPrior ){
    return 0; /* Restriction (23) */
  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself.  Example of why this is not allowed:

  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate.  This is an artifact of the way aggregates
  ** are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if the LEFT JOIN
  ** table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){

      return 0; /* Restriction (3) */
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even though
    ** they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow opcode. */

    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction 17: If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      return 0;  /* Restriction 20 */
    }
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }









  /***** If we reach this point, flattening is permitted. *****/
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("flatten %s.%p from term %d\n",
                   pSub->zSelName, pSub, iFrom));

  /* Authorize the subquery */
  pParse->zAuthContext = pSubitem->zName;
  TESTONLY(i =) sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }
    if( subqueryIsAgg ){
      assert( pParent->pHaving==0 );
      pParent->pHaving = pParent->pWhere;
      pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      pParent->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0), pParent->pHaving
      );
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) The inner query is an aggregate.  (In that case, we'd really want
**       to copy the outer WHERE-clause terms onto the HAVING clause of the
**       inner query.  But they probably won't help there so do not bother.)




**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pX;           /* For looping over compound SELECTs in pSubq */
  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;









  for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
    if( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Aggregate|SF_Recursive))!=0 ){
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Aggregate );
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
      testcase( pX!=pSubq );
      return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
    }
  }


  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);



      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);

      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
**    * the query contains just a single aggregate function,
**    * the aggregate function is either min() or max(), and
**    * the argument to the aggregate function is a column value.
**


** If all of the above are true, then WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX
** is returned as appropriate. Also, *ppMinMax is set to point to the 
** list of arguments passed to the aggregate before returning.

**
** Or, if the conditions above are not met, *ppMinMax is set to 0 and

** WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL is returned.




*/
static u8 minMaxQuery(AggInfo *pAggInfo, ExprList **ppMinMax){

  int eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;          /* Return value */





  *ppMinMax = 0;
  if( pAggInfo->nFunc==1 ){
    Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pExpr; /* Aggregate function */
    ExprList *pEList = pExpr->x.pList;      /* Arguments to agg function */

    assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
    if( pEList && pEList->nExpr==1 && pEList->a[0].pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){

      const char *zFunc = pExpr->u.zToken;
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "min")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;

      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "max")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;



      }
    }
  }

  assert( *ppMinMax==0 || (*ppMinMax)->nExpr==1 );



  return eRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argument is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  if( pParse->pWith && p->pPrior==0 ){
    With *pWith = findRightmost(p)->pWith;
    if( pWith!=0 ){
      assert( pParse->pWith==pWith );
      pParse->pWith = pWith->pOuter;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pE, *pRight, *pExpr;
  u16 selFlags = p->selFlags;


  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( p->pWith ){
    sqlite3WithPush(pParse, p->pWith, 0);
  }

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;



      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);

      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ASTERISK ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ASTERISK ) break;

  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
    ** If we get here it means the result set contains one or more "*"
    ** operators that need to be expanded.  Loop through each expression
    ** in the result set and expand them one by one.
    */
................................................................................
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      pE = a[k].pExpr;

      pRight = pE->pRight;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ASTERISK
       && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight->op!=TK_ASTERISK)
      ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in result set");
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
#endif



  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** No-op routine for the parse-tree walker.
**
** When this routine is the Walker.xExprCallback then expression trees
................................................................................
** The calling function can detect the problem by looking at pParse->nErr
** and/or pParse->db->mallocFailed.
*/
static void sqlite3SelectExpand(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
  Walker w;
  w.xExprCallback = sqlite3ExprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( pParse->hasCompound ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    w.xSelectCallback2 = 0;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
................................................................................
** This routine acts recursively on all subqueries within the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3SelectPrep(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}

/*
** Reset the aggregate accumulator.
**
** The aggregate accumulator is a set of memory cells that hold
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate query */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Must be count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in the FROM clause */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound subquery */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound terms */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point, that means it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause.  May be NULL */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  DistinctCtx sDistinct; /* Info on how to code the DISTINCT keyword */
  SortCtx sSort;         /* Info on how to code the ORDER BY clause */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
#endif

  db = pParse->db;
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }








    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;





























    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;




    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any tables that
    ** are referenced but from which no values are extracted. Examples of where these
    ** kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations would occur:

    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column.  The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty string
    ** for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }




    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if all of these are true:
    **   (1)  The subquery is guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it
    **        does not need to be computed more than once)
    **   (2)  The ALL keyword after SELECT is omitted.  (Applications are
    **        allowed to say "SELECT ALL" instead of just "SELECT" to disable
    **        the use of co-routines.)
    **   (3)  Co-routines are not disabled using sqlite3_test_control()
    **        with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS.
    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0                                   /* (2) */
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)               /* (3) */
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;

      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
        assert( pWhere==p->pWhere );
        havingToWhere(pParse, pGroupBy, pHaving, &p->pWhere);
        pWhere = p->pWhere;
      }
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    sAggInfo.nAccumulator = sAggInfo.nColumn;





    for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nFunc; i++){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr->x.pList);
      sNC.ncFlags &= ~NC_InAggFunc;
    }
    sAggInfo.mxReg = pParse->nMem;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;



















    /* Processing for aggregates with GROUP BY is very different and
    ** much more complex than aggregates without a GROUP BY.
    */
    if( pGroupBy ){
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Keying information for the group by clause */
      int addr1;          /* A-vs-B comparision jump */
................................................................................
      */
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrReset);
      resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regReset);
     
    } /* endif pGroupBy.  Begin aggregate queries without GROUP BY: */
    else {
      ExprList *pDel = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
      Table *pTab;
      if( (pTab = isSimpleCount(p, &sAggInfo))!=0 ){
        /* If isSimpleCount() returns a pointer to a Table structure, then
        ** the SQL statement is of the form:
        **
        **   SELECT count(*) FROM <tbl>
................................................................................
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iCsr, sAggInfo.aFunc[0].iMem);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCsr);
        explainSimpleCount(pParse, pTab, pBest);
      }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      {
        /* Check if the query is of one of the following forms:
        **
        **   SELECT min(x) FROM ...
        **   SELECT max(x) FROM ...
        **
        ** If it is, then ask the code in where.c to attempt to sort results
        ** as if there was an "ORDER ON x" or "ORDER ON x DESC" clause. 
        ** If where.c is able to produce results sorted in this order, then
        ** add vdbe code to break out of the processing loop after the 
        ** first iteration (since the first iteration of the loop is 
        ** guaranteed to operate on the row with the minimum or maximum 
        ** value of x, the only row required).
        **
        ** A special flag must be passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() to slightly
        ** modify behavior as follows:
        **
        **   + If the query is a "SELECT min(x)", then the loop coded by
        **     where.c should not iterate over any values with a NULL value
        **     for x.
        **
        **   + The optimizer code in where.c (the thing that decides which
        **     index or indices to use) should place a different priority on 
        **     satisfying the 'ORDER BY' clause than it does in other cases.
        **     Refer to code and comments in where.c for details.
        */
        ExprList *pMinMax = 0;
        u8 flag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
        
        assert( p->pGroupBy==0 );
        assert( flag==0 );
        if( p->pHaving==0 ){
          flag = minMaxQuery(&sAggInfo, &pMinMax);
        }
        assert( flag==0 || (pMinMax!=0 && pMinMax->nExpr==1) );

        if( flag ){
          pMinMax = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pMinMax, 0);
          pDel = pMinMax;
          assert( db->mallocFailed || pMinMax!=0 );
          if( !db->mallocFailed ){
            pMinMax->a[0].sortOrder = flag!=WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN ?1:0;
            pMinMax->a[0].pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
          }
        }
  
        /* This case runs if the aggregate has no GROUP BY clause.  The
        ** processing is much simpler since there is only a single row
        ** of output.
        */

        resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);









        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax, 0,flag,0);

        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

  if( sDistinct.eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
................................................................................
  rc = (pParse->nErr>0);

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);

  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}







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3923
3924
3925
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3928
3929

3930
3931
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3934
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3936
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3938

3939
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3943
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3946
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3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
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3958
3959
....
4229
4230
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4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
....
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
....
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
....
4376
4377
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4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
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4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
....
4446
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4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
....
4462
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4470
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4472
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4476
....
4592
4593
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4600
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4602
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4604
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4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
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....
4654
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4660
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4666
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4668
....
4742
4743
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4745
4746
4747
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4749


4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
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4762
....
5043
5044
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5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
....
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208

5209
5210
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5259
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5285
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....
5354
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5365
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5369





5370
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5377
5378
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5380
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5383
5384
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5389
....
5433
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5441
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5447
....
5662
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....
5922
5923
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5928

5929
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....
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
5989













































5990
5991
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5997
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6000
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005
6006
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6008
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6010

6011
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
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6018
6019
6020
6021
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6023

6024
6025
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6030
....
6048
6049
6050
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6057
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6060
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6062
6063
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
    if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p->pWith) ) sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);
    if( bFree ) sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p);
    p = pPrior;
    bFree = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0,
                                   sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0
                     || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p) ) clearSelect(db, p, 1);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pLeft;     /* Left table being joined */
  struct SrcList_item *pRight;    /* Right table being joined */

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  pLeft = &pSrc->a[0];
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){

    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeft->pTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
................................................................................
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,
                                         0,ecelFlags);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){



      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E)
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E) columnTypeImpl(A,B)
#endif
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  Expr *pExpr

#else
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol
#endif

){
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#endif

  assert( pExpr!=0 );
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol); 
        }
      }else{
        /* A real table or a CTE table */
        assert( !pS );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==XN_ROWID || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);

        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse && pTab->pSchema ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
        }
#else
        assert( iCol==XN_ROWID || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);

        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif

  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}


................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the
**                              result column name is just the table column
**                              name: COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering idx not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
  Hash ht;                    /* Hash table of column names */

  sqlite3HashInit(&ht);
  if( pEList ){
    nCol = pEList->nExpr;
    aCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
    testcase( aCol==0 );
    if( nCol>32767 ) nCol = 32767;
  }else{
    nCol = 0;
    aCol = 0;
  }
  assert( nCol==(i16)nCol );
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;


  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    const char *zType;
    int n, m;
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
    /* pCol->szEst = ... // Column size est for SELECT tables never used */
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( zType ){
      m = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(pCol->zName);
      pCol->zName = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(db, pCol->zName, n+m+2);
      if( pCol->zName ){
        memcpy(&pCol->zName[n+1], zType, m+1);
        pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
      }
    }
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = 1; /* Any non-zero value works */
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
   && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable
  ){
    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is subject to the following constraints:
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        The subquery and the outer query cannot both be aggregates.
**

**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        (2) If the subquery is an aggregate then
**        (2a) the outer query must not be a join and
**        (2b) the outer query must not use subqueries
**             other than the one FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate
**             for flattening.  (This is due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80]
**             from 2015-02-09.)
**
**   (3)  If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN then



**        (3a) the subquery may not be a join and
**        (3b) the FROM clause of the subquery may not contain a virtual
**             table and
**        (3c) the outer query may not be an aggregate.
**
**   (4)  The subquery can not be DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        If the subquery is aggregate, the outer query may not be DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery must have a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be a join.
**
**   (9)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be aggregate.

**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        constraint: "If the subquery is aggregate then the outer query 
**        may not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query may not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query may not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery may not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  If the outer query is part of a compound select, then the
**        subquery may not use LIMIT.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  If the outer query is aggregate, then the subquery may not
**        use ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  If the subquery is a compound select, then
**        (17a) all compound operators must be a UNION ALL, and
**        (17b) no terms within the subquery compound may be aggregate
**              or DISTINCT, and
**        (17c) every term within the subquery compound must have a FROM clause
**        (17d) the outer query may not be
**              (17d1) aggregate, or
**              (17d2) DISTINCT, or
**              (17d3) a join.
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER BY clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (20)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use
**        an ORDER BY clause.  Ticket #3773.  We could relax this constraint
**        somewhat by saying that the terms of the ORDER BY clause must
**        appear as unmodified result columns in the outer query.  But we
**        have other optimizations in mind to deal with that case.
**
**  (21)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be
**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery may not be a recursive CTE.
**
**  (**)  Subsumed into restriction (17d3).  Was: If the outer query is
**        a recursive CTE, then the sub-query may not be a compound query.
**        This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        The subquery may not be an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg            /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */

){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );











  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (4)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }



  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }


  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) */



  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself (3a). Example of why this is not
  ** allowed:
  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate. (3c)  This is an artifact of the way
  ** aggregates are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if
  ** the LEFT JOIN table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){
      /*  (3a)             (3c)     (3b) */
      return 0;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even
    ** though they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow 
    ** opcode. */
    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction (17): If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      return 0;  /* Restriction (20) */
    }
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0; /* (17d1), (17d2), or (17d3) */
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0    /* (17b) */
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL)                 /* (17a) */
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1                                  /* (17c) */
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction (18). */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Ex-restriction (23):
  ** The only way that the recursive part of a CTE can contain a compound
  ** subquery is for the subquery to be one term of a join.  But if the
  ** subquery is a join, then the flattening has already been stopped by
  ** restriction (17d3)
  */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || pSub->pPrior==0 );

  /***** If we reach this point, flattening is permitted. *****/
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("flatten %s.%p from term %d\n",
                   pSub->zSelName, pSub, iFrom));

  /* Authorize the subquery */
  pParse->zAuthContext = pSubitem->zName;
  TESTONLY(i =) sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }










    pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);

    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) (** This restriction was removed on 2017-09-29.  We used to
**           disallow this optimization for aggregate subqueries, but now
**           it is allowed by putting the extra terms on the HAVING clause.
**           The added HAVING clause is pointless if the subquery lacks
**           a GROUP BY clause.  But such a HAVING clause is also harmless
**           so there does not appear to be any reason to add extra logic
**           to suppress it. **)
**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;

  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Recursive ) return 0;  /* restriction (2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Only the first term of a compound can have a WITH clause.  But make
  ** sure no other terms are marked SF_Recursive in case something changes
  ** in the future.
  */
  {
    Select *pX;  
    for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
      assert( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Recursive))==0 );




    }
  }
#endif

  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction (5) */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);
      if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
        pSubq->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pHaving, pNew);
      }else{
        pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      }
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*




** The pFunc is the only aggregate function in the query.  Check to see
** if the query is a candidate for the min/max optimization. 
**
** If the query is a candidate for the min/max optimization, then set
** *ppMinMax to be an ORDER BY clause to be used for the optimization
** and return either WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX depending on


** whether pFunc is a min() or max() function.
**

** If the query is not a candidate for the min/max optimization, return
** WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL (which must be zero).
**
** This routine must be called after aggregate functions have been
** located but before their arguments have been subjected to aggregate
** analysis.
*/

static u8 minMaxQuery(sqlite3 *db, Expr *pFunc, ExprList **ppMinMax){
  int eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;      /* Return value */
  ExprList *pEList = pFunc->x.pList;    /* Arguments to agg function */
  const char *zFunc;                    /* Name of aggregate function pFunc */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;
  u8 sortOrder;

  assert( *ppMinMax==0 );




  assert( pFunc->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );

  if( pEList==0 || pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return eRet;
  zFunc = pFunc->u.zToken;
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "min")==0 ){
    eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;

    sortOrder = SQLITE_SO_ASC;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "max")==0 ){
    eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;

    sortOrder = SQLITE_SO_DESC;
  }else{
    return eRet;
  }




  *ppMinMax = pOrderBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pEList, 0);
  assert( pOrderBy!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  if( pOrderBy ) pOrderBy->a[0].sortOrder = sortOrder;
  return eRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argument is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || 
            ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(pParse->pWith) && p->pPrior==0 ){
    With *pWith = findRightmost(p)->pWith;
    if( pWith!=0 ){
      assert( pParse->pWith==pWith );
      pParse->pWith = pWith->pOuter;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pE, *pRight, *pExpr;
  u16 selFlags = p->selFlags;
  u32 elistFlags = 0;

  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  assert( p->pSrc!=0 );
  if( (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p->pWith) ){
    sqlite3WithPush(pParse, p->pWith, 0);
  }

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;
      if( pFrom->zAlias ){
        pTab->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pFrom->zAlias);
      }else{
        pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "subquery_%p", (void*)pTab);
      }
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ASTERISK ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ASTERISK ) break;
    elistFlags |= pE->flags;
  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
    ** If we get here it means the result set contains one or more "*"
    ** operators that need to be expanded.  Loop through each expression
    ** in the result set and expand them one by one.
    */
................................................................................
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      pE = a[k].pExpr;
      elistFlags |= pE->flags;
      pRight = pE->pRight;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ASTERISK
       && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight->op!=TK_ASTERISK)
      ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pEList ){
    if( p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in result set");
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
    if( (elistFlags & (EP_HasFunc|EP_Subquery))!=0 ){
      p->selFlags |= SF_ComplexResult;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** No-op routine for the parse-tree walker.
**
** When this routine is the Walker.xExprCallback then expression trees
................................................................................
** The calling function can detect the problem by looking at pParse->nErr
** and/or pParse->db->mallocFailed.
*/
static void sqlite3SelectExpand(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
  Walker w;
  w.xExprCallback = sqlite3ExprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(pParse->hasCompound) ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    w.xSelectCallback2 = 0;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
................................................................................
** This routine acts recursively on all subqueries within the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3SelectPrep(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  assert( p!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );


  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}

/*
** Reset the aggregate accumulator.
**
** The aggregate accumulator is a set of memory cells that hold
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Is count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in FROM  */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound ry */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point then it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause.  May be NULL */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  DistinctCtx sDistinct; /* Info on how to code the DISTINCT keyword */
  SortCtx sSort;         /* Info on how to code the ORDER BY clause */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */
  ExprList *pMinMaxOrderBy = 0;  /* Added ORDER BY for min/max queries */
  u8 minMaxFlag;                 /* Flag for min/max queries */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
#endif

  db = pParse->db;
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;

    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }

    /* Do not try to flatten an aggregate subquery.
    **
    ** Flattening an aggregate subquery is only possible if the outer query
    ** is not a join.  But if the outer query is not a join, then the subquery
    ** will be implemented as a co-routine and there is no advantage to
    ** flattening in that case.
    */
    if( (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 ) continue;
    assert( pSub->pGroupBy==0 );

    /* If the outer query contains a "complex" result set (that is,
    ** if the result set of the outer query uses functions or subqueries)
    ** and if the subquery contains an ORDER BY clause and if
    ** it will be implemented as a co-routine, then do not flatten.  This
    ** restriction allows SQL constructs like this:
    **
    **  SELECT expensive_function(x)
    **    FROM (SELECT x FROM tab ORDER BY y LIMIT 10);
    **
    ** The expensive_function() is only computed on the 10 rows that
    ** are output, rather than every row of the table.
    **
    ** The requirement that the outer query have a complex result set
    ** means that flattening does occur on simpler SQL constraints without
    ** the expensive_function() like:
    **
    **  SELECT x FROM (SELECT x FROM tab ORDER BY y LIMIT 10);
    */
    if( pSub->pOrderBy!=0
     && i==0
     && (p->selFlags & SF_ComplexResult)!=0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
         || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)
    ){
      continue;
    }

    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */




      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    const char *zSavedAuthContext;
#endif

    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any
    ** tables that are referenced but from which no values are extracted.
    ** Examples of where these kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations
    ** would occur:
    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column. The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty
    ** string for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }

    zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
    pParse->zAuthContext = pItem->zName;

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if the subquery is
    ** guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it does not need to be
    ** computed more than once)





    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */


    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
     
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pParse->zAuthContext = zSavedAuthContext;
#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
        assert( pWhere==p->pWhere );
        havingToWhere(pParse, pGroupBy, pHaving, &p->pWhere);
        pWhere = p->pWhere;
      }
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    sAggInfo.nAccumulator = sAggInfo.nColumn;
    if( p->pGroupBy==0 && p->pHaving==0 && sAggInfo.nFunc==1 ){
      minMaxFlag = minMaxQuery(db, sAggInfo.aFunc[0].pExpr, &pMinMaxOrderBy);
    }else{
      minMaxFlag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
    }
    for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nFunc; i++){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr->x.pList);
      sNC.ncFlags &= ~NC_InAggFunc;
    }
    sAggInfo.mxReg = pParse->nMem;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x400 ){
      int ii;
      SELECTTRACE(0x400,pParse,p,("After aggregate analysis:\n"));
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      for(ii=0; ii<sAggInfo.nColumn; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-column[%d] iMem=%d\n",
            ii, sAggInfo.aCol[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, sAggInfo.aCol[ii].pExpr, 0);
      }
      for(ii=0; ii<sAggInfo.nFunc; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-func[%d]: iMem=%d\n",
            ii, sAggInfo.aFunc[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, sAggInfo.aFunc[ii].pExpr, 0);
      }
    }
#endif


    /* Processing for aggregates with GROUP BY is very different and
    ** much more complex than aggregates without a GROUP BY.
    */
    if( pGroupBy ){
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Keying information for the group by clause */
      int addr1;          /* A-vs-B comparision jump */
................................................................................
      */
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrReset);
      resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regReset);
     
    } /* endif pGroupBy.  Begin aggregate queries without GROUP BY: */
    else {

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
      Table *pTab;
      if( (pTab = isSimpleCount(p, &sAggInfo))!=0 ){
        /* If isSimpleCount() returns a pointer to a Table structure, then
        ** the SQL statement is of the form:
        **
        **   SELECT count(*) FROM <tbl>
................................................................................
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iCsr, sAggInfo.aFunc[0].iMem);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCsr);
        explainSimpleCount(pParse, pTab, pBest);
      }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      {













































        /* This case runs if the aggregate has no GROUP BY clause.  The
        ** processing is much simpler since there is only a single row
        ** of output.
        */
        assert( p->pGroupBy==0 );
        resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);

        /* If this query is a candidate for the min/max optimization, then
        ** minMaxFlag will have been previously set to either
        ** WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX and pMinMaxOrderBy will
        ** be an appropriate ORDER BY expression for the optimization.
        */
        assert( minMaxFlag==WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL || pMinMaxOrderBy!=0 );
        assert( pMinMaxOrderBy==0 || pMinMaxOrderBy->nExpr==1 );

        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMaxOrderBy,
                                   0, minMaxFlag, 0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){

          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);

        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (minMaxFlag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);

    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

  if( sDistinct.eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
................................................................................
  rc = (pParse->nErr>0);

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pMinMaxOrderBy);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}

Deleted src/shell.c.

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/* DO NOT EDIT!
** This file is automatically generated by the script in the canonical
** SQLite source tree at tool/mkshellc.tcl.  That script combines source
** code from various constituent source files of SQLite into this single
** "shell.c" file used to implement the SQLite command-line shell.
**
** Most of the code found below comes from the "src/shell.c.in" file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.  That main file contains "INCLUDE"
** lines that specify other files in the canonical source tree that are
** inserted to getnerate this complete program source file.
**
** The code from multiple files is combined into this single "shell.c"
** source file to help make the command-line program easier to compile.
**
** To modify this program, get a copy of the canonical SQLite source tree,
** edit the src/shell.c.in" and/or some of the other files that are included
** by "src/shell.c.in", then rerun the tool/mkshellc.tcl script.
*/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code to implement the "sqlite" command line
** utility for accessing SQLite databases.
*/
#if (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)) && !defined(_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS)
/* This needs to come before any includes for MSVC compiler */
#define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
#endif

/*
** Warning pragmas copied from msvc.h in the core.
*/
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning(disable : 4054)
#pragma warning(disable : 4055)
#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
#pragma warning(disable : 4127)
#pragma warning(disable : 4130)
#pragma warning(disable : 4152)
#pragma warning(disable : 4189)
#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
#pragma warning(disable : 4210)
#pragma warning(disable : 4232)
#pragma warning(disable : 4244)
#pragma warning(disable : 4305)
#pragma warning(disable : 4306)
#pragma warning(disable : 4702)
#pragma warning(disable : 4706)
#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) */

/*
** No support for loadable extensions in VxWorks.
*/
#if (defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)) && !SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
# define SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION 1
#endif

/*
** Enable large-file support for fopen() and friends on unix.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "sqlite3.h"
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
# include "sqlite3userauth.h"
#endif
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32)
# include <signal.h>
# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#  include <pwd.h>
# endif
# include <unistd.h>
# include <sys/types.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_READLINE
# include <readline/readline.h>
# include <readline/history.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_EDITLINE
# include <editline/readline.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_EDITLINE || HAVE_READLINE

# define shell_add_history(X) add_history(X)
# define shell_read_history(X) read_history(X)
# define shell_write_history(X) write_history(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X) stifle_history(X)
# define shell_readline(X) readline(X)

#elif HAVE_LINENOISE

# include "linenoise.h"
# define shell_add_history(X) linenoiseHistoryAdd(X)
# define shell_read_history(X) linenoiseHistoryLoad(X)
# define shell_write_history(X) linenoiseHistorySave(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X) linenoiseHistorySetMaxLen(X)
# define shell_readline(X) linenoise(X)

#else

# define shell_read_history(X)
# define shell_write_history(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X)

# define SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE 1
#endif


#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
# define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
# ifndef access
#  define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
# endif
# undef popen
# define popen _popen
# undef pclose
# define pclose _pclose
#else
 /* Make sure isatty() has a prototype. */
 extern int isatty(int);

# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  /* popen and pclose are not C89 functions and so are
  ** sometimes omitted from the <stdio.h> header */
   extern FILE *popen(const char*,const char*);
   extern int pclose(FILE*);
# else
#  define SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN 1
# endif
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
#define isatty(x) 1
#endif

/* ctype macros that work with signed characters */
#define IsSpace(X)  isspace((unsigned char)X)
#define IsDigit(X)  isdigit((unsigned char)X)
#define ToLower(X)  (char)tolower((unsigned char)X)

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
#include <windows.h>

/* string conversion routines only needed on Win32 */
extern char *sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(LPCWSTR);
extern char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8_v2(const char *, int);
extern char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs_v2(const char *, int);
extern LPWSTR sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(const char *zText);
#endif

/* On Windows, we normally run with output mode of TEXT so that \n characters
** are automatically translated into \r\n.  However, this behavior needs
** to be disabled in some cases (ex: when generating CSV output and when
** rendering quoted strings that contain \n characters).  The following
** routines take care of that.
*/
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
static void setBinaryMode(FILE *file, int isOutput){
  if( isOutput ) fflush(file);
  _setmode(_fileno(file), _O_BINARY);
}
static void setTextMode(FILE *file, int isOutput){
  if( isOutput ) fflush(file);
  _setmode(_fileno(file), _O_TEXT);
}
#else
# define setBinaryMode(X,Y)
# define setTextMode(X,Y)
#endif


/* True if the timer is enabled */
static int enableTimer = 0;

/* Return the current wall-clock time */
static sqlite3_int64 timeOfDay(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs *clockVfs = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 t;
  if( clockVfs==0 ) clockVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  if( clockVfs->iVersion>=2 && clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64!=0 ){
    clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(clockVfs, &t);
  }else{
    double r;
    clockVfs->xCurrentTime(clockVfs, &r);
    t = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0);
  }
  return t;
}

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(__minux)
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

/* VxWorks does not support getrusage() as far as we can determine */
#if defined(_WRS_KERNEL) || defined(__RTP__)
struct rusage {
  struct timeval ru_utime; /* user CPU time used */
  struct timeval ru_stime; /* system CPU time used */
};
#define getrusage(A,B) memset(B,0,sizeof(*B))
#endif

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static struct rusage sBegin;  /* CPU time at start */
static sqlite3_int64 iBegin;  /* Wall-clock time at start */

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);
    iBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two time_structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
  return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec)*0.000001 +
         (double)(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    sqlite3_int64 iEnd = timeOfDay();
    struct rusage sEnd;
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (iEnd - iBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER 1

#elif (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32))

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static HANDLE hProcess;
static FILETIME ftKernelBegin;
static FILETIME ftUserBegin;
static sqlite3_int64 ftWallBegin;
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *GETPROCTIMES)(HANDLE, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME,
                                    LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME);
static GETPROCTIMES getProcessTimesAddr = NULL;

/*
** Check to see if we have timer support.  Return 1 if necessary
** support found (or found previously).
*/
static int hasTimer(void){
  if( getProcessTimesAddr ){
    return 1;
  } else {
    /* GetProcessTimes() isn't supported in WIN95 and some other Windows
    ** versions. See if the version we are running on has it, and if it
    ** does, save off a pointer to it and the current process handle.
    */
    hProcess = GetCurrentProcess();
    if( hProcess ){
      HINSTANCE hinstLib = LoadLibrary(TEXT("Kernel32.dll"));
      if( NULL != hinstLib ){
        getProcessTimesAddr =
            (GETPROCTIMES) GetProcAddress(hinstLib, "GetProcessTimes");
        if( NULL != getProcessTimesAddr ){
          return 1;
        }
        FreeLibrary(hinstLib);
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr ){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess,&ftCreation,&ftExit,
                        &ftKernelBegin,&ftUserBegin);
    ftWallBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two FILETIME structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(FILETIME *pStart, FILETIME *pEnd){
  sqlite_int64 i64Start = *((sqlite_int64 *) pStart);
  sqlite_int64 i64End = *((sqlite_int64 *) pEnd);
  return (double) ((i64End - i64Start) / 10000000.0);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit, ftKernelEnd, ftUserEnd;
    sqlite3_int64 ftWallEnd = timeOfDay();
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess,&ftCreation,&ftExit,&ftKernelEnd,&ftUserEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (ftWallEnd - ftWallBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&ftUserBegin, &ftUserEnd),
       timeDiff(&ftKernelBegin, &ftKernelEnd));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER hasTimer()

#else
#define BEGIN_TIMER
#define END_TIMER
#define HAS_TIMER 0
#endif

/*
** Used to prevent warnings about unused parameters
*/
#define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)

/*
** If the following flag is set, then command execution stops
** at an error if we are not interactive.
*/
static int bail_on_error = 0;

/*
** Threat stdin as an interactive input if the following variable
** is true.  Otherwise, assume stdin is connected to a file or pipe.
*/
static int stdin_is_interactive = 1;

/*
** On Windows systems we have to know if standard output is a console
** in order to translate UTF-8 into MBCS.  The following variable is
** true if translation is required.
*/
static int stdout_is_console = 1;

/*
** The following is the open SQLite database.  We make a pointer
** to this database a static variable so that it can be accessed
** by the SIGINT handler to interrupt database processing.
*/
static sqlite3 *globalDb = 0;

/*
** True if an interrupt (Control-C) has been received.
*/
static volatile int seenInterrupt = 0;

/*
** This is the name of our program. It is set in main(), used
** in a number of other places, mostly for error messages.
*/
static char *Argv0;

/*
** Prompt strings. Initialized in main. Settable with
**   .prompt main continue
*/
static char mainPrompt[20];     /* First line prompt. default: "sqlite> "*/
static char continuePrompt[20]; /* Continuation prompt. default: "   ...> " */

/*
** Render output like fprintf().  Except, if the output is going to the
** console and if this is running on a Windows machine, translate the
** output from UTF-8 into MBCS.
*/
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
void utf8_printf(FILE *out, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( stdout_is_console && (out==stdout || out==stderr) ){
    char *z1 = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
    char *z2 = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs_v2(z1, 0);
    sqlite3_free(z1);
    fputs(z2, out);
    sqlite3_free(z2);
  }else{
    vfprintf(out, zFormat, ap);
  }
  va_end(ap);
}
#elif !defined(utf8_printf)
# define utf8_printf fprintf
#endif

/*
** Render output like fprintf().  This should not be used on anything that
** includes string formatting (e.g. "%s").
*/
#if !defined(raw_printf)
# define raw_printf fprintf
#endif

/*
** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static FILE *iotrace = 0;
#endif

/*
** This routine works like printf in that its first argument is a
** format string and subsequent arguments are values to be substituted
** in place of % fields.  The result of formatting this string
** is written to iotrace.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static void SQLITE_CDECL iotracePrintf(const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *z;
  if( iotrace==0 ) return;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  utf8_printf(iotrace, "%s", z);
  sqlite3_free(z);
}
#endif

/*
** Output string zUtf to stream pOut as w characters.  If w is negative,
** then right-justify the text.  W is the width in UTF-8 characters, not
** in bytes.  This is different from the %*.*s specification in printf
** since with %*.*s the width is measured in bytes, not characters.
*/
static void utf8_width_print(FILE *pOut, int w, const char *zUtf){
  int i;
  int n;
  int aw = w<0 ? -w : w;
  char zBuf[1000];
  if( aw>(int)sizeof(zBuf)/3 ) aw = (int)sizeof(zBuf)/3;
  for(i=n=0; zUtf[i]; i++){
    if( (zUtf[i]&0xc0)!=0x80 ){
      n++;
      if( n==aw ){
        do{ i++; }while( (zUtf[i]&0xc0)==0x80 );
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  if( n>=aw ){
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%.*s", i, zUtf);
  }else if( w<0 ){
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%*s%s", aw-n, "", zUtf);
  }else{
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%s%*s", zUtf, aw-n, "");
  }
}


/*
** Determines if a string is a number of not.
*/
static int isNumber(const char *z, int *realnum){
  if( *z=='-' || *z=='+' ) z++;
  if( !IsDigit(*z) ){
    return 0;
  }
  z++;
  if( realnum ) *realnum = 0;
  while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z=='.' ){
    z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  if( *z=='e' || *z=='E' ){
    z++;
    if( *z=='+' || *z=='-' ) z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  return *z==0;
}

/*
** Compute a string length that is limited to what can be stored in
** lower 30 bits of a 32-bit signed integer.
*/
static int strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;
  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** Return the length of a string in characters.  Multibyte UTF8 characters
** count as a single character.
*/
static int strlenChar(const char *z){
  int n = 0;
  while( *z ){
    if( (0xc0&*(z++))!=0x80 ) n++;
  }
  return n;
}

/*
** This routine reads a line of text from FILE in, stores
** the text in memory obtained from malloc() and returns a pointer
** to the text.  NULL is returned at end of file, or if malloc()
** fails.
**
** If zLine is not NULL then it is a malloced buffer returned from
** a previous call to this routine that may be reused.
*/
static char *local_getline(char *zLine, FILE *in){
  int nLine = zLine==0 ? 0 : 100;
  int n = 0;

  while( 1 ){
    if( n+100>nLine ){
      nLine = nLine*2 + 100;
      zLine = realloc(zLine, nLine);
      if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
    }
    if( fgets(&zLine[n], nLine - n, in)==0 ){
      if( n==0 ){
        free(zLine);
        return 0;
      }
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
    while( zLine[n] ) n++;
    if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\n' ){
      n--;
      if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\r' ) n--;
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
  }
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  /* For interactive input on Windows systems, translate the
  ** multi-byte characterset characters into UTF-8. */
  if( stdin_is_interactive && in==stdin ){
    char *zTrans = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8_v2(zLine, 0);
    if( zTrans ){
      int nTrans = strlen30(zTrans)+1;
      if( nTrans>nLine ){
        zLine = realloc(zLine, nTrans);
        if( zLine==0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zTrans);
          return 0;
        }
      }
      memcpy(zLine, zTrans, nTrans);
      sqlite3_free(zTrans);
    }
  }
#endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
  return zLine;
}

/*
** Retrieve a single line of input text.
**
** If in==0 then read from standard input and prompt before each line.
** If isContinuation is true, then a continuation prompt is appropriate.
** If isContinuation is zero, then the main prompt should be used.
**
** If zPrior is not NULL then it is a buffer from a prior call to this
** routine that can be reused.
**
** The result is stored in space obtained from malloc() and must either
** be freed by the caller or else passed back into this routine via the
** zPrior argument for reuse.
*/
static char *one_input_line(FILE *in, char *zPrior, int isContinuation){
  char *zPrompt;
  char *zResult;
  if( in!=0 ){
    zResult = local_getline(zPrior, in);
  }else{
    zPrompt = isContinuation ? continuePrompt : mainPrompt;
#if SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE
    printf("%s", zPrompt);
    fflush(stdout);
    zResult = local_getline(zPrior, stdin);
#else
    free(zPrior);
    zResult = shell_readline(zPrompt);
    if( zResult && *zResult ) shell_add_history(zResult);
#endif
  }
  return zResult;
}
/*
** A variable length string to which one can append text.
*/
typedef struct ShellText ShellText;
struct ShellText {
  char *z;
  int n;
  int nAlloc;
};

/*
** Initialize and destroy a ShellText object
*/
static void initText(ShellText *p){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
}
static void freeText(ShellText *p){
  free(p->z);
  initText(p);
}

/* zIn is either a pointer to a NULL-terminated string in memory obtained
** from malloc(), or a NULL pointer. The string pointed to by zAppend is
** added to zIn, and the result returned in memory obtained from malloc().
** zIn, if it was not NULL, is freed.
**
** If the third argument, quote, is not '\0', then it is used as a
** quote character for zAppend.
*/
static void appendText(ShellText *p, char const *zAppend, char quote){
  int len;
  int i;
  int nAppend = strlen30(zAppend);

  len = nAppend+p->n+1;
  if( quote ){
    len += 2;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) len++;
    }
  }

  if( p->n+len>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc = p->nAlloc*2 + len + 20;
    p->z = realloc(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
      return;
    }
  }

  if( quote ){
    char *zCsr = p->z+p->n;
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      *zCsr++ = zAppend[i];
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) *zCsr++ = quote;
    }
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    p->n = (int)(zCsr - p->z);
    *zCsr = '\0';
  }else{
    memcpy(p->z+p->n, zAppend, nAppend);
    p->n += nAppend;
    p->z[p->n] = '\0';
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to determine if identifier zName needs to be quoted, either
** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  /* All SQLite keywords, in alphabetical order */
  static const char *azKeywords[] = {
    "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
    "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
    "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
    "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
    "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
    "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
    "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
    "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
    "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
    "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
    "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
    "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
    "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
    "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
    "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
    "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
    "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
    "WITH", "WITHOUT",
  };
  int i, lwr, upr, mid, c;
  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }
  lwr = 0;
  upr = sizeof(azKeywords)/sizeof(azKeywords[0]) - 1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    c = sqlite3_stricmp(azKeywords[mid], zName);
    if( c==0 ) return '"';
    if( c<0 ){
      lwr = mid+1;
    }else{
      upr = mid-1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** SQL function:  shell_add_schema(S,X)
**
** Add the schema name X to the CREATE statement in S and return the result.
** Examples:
**
**    CREATE TABLE t1(x)   ->   CREATE TABLE xyz.t1(x);
**
** Also works on
**
**    CREATE INDEX
**    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX
**    CREATE VIEW
**    CREATE TRIGGER
**    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
**
** This UDF is used by the .schema command to insert the schema name of
** attached databases into the middle of the sqlite_master.sql field.
*/
static void shellAddSchemaName(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  static const char *aPrefix[] = {
     "TABLE",
     "INDEX",
     "UNIQUE INDEX",
     "VIEW",
     "TRIGGER",
     "VIRTUAL TABLE"
  };
  int i = 0;
  const char *zIn = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);
  const char *zSchema = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  assert( nVal==2 );
  if( zIn!=0 && strncmp(zIn, "CREATE ", 7)==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<(int)(sizeof(aPrefix)/sizeof(aPrefix[0])); i++){
      int n = strlen30(aPrefix[i]);
      if( strncmp(zIn+7, aPrefix[i], n)==0 && zIn[n+7]==' ' ){
        char cQuote = quoteChar(zSchema);
        char *z;
        if( cQuote ){
         z = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s \"%w\".%s", n+7, zIn, zSchema, zIn+n+8);
        }else{
          z = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s %s.%s", n+7, zIn, zSchema, zIn+n+8);
        }
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, sqlite3_free);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_result_value(pCtx, apVal[0]);
}

/*
** The source code for several run-time loadable extensions is inserted
** below by the ../tool/mkshellc.tcl script.  Before processing that included
** code, we need to override some macros to make the included program code
** work here in the middle of this regular program.
*/
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(X) (void)(X)

/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/shathree.c ******************/
/*
** 2017-03-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements a functions that compute SHA1 hashes.
** Two SQL functions are implemented:
**
**     sha3(X,SIZE)
**     sha3_query(Y,SIZE)
**
** The sha3(X) function computes the SHA3 hash of the input X, or NULL if
** X is NULL.
**
** The sha3_query(Y) function evalutes all queries in the SQL statements of Y
** and returns a hash of their results.
**
** The SIZE argument is optional.  If omitted, the SHA3-256 hash algorithm
** is used.  If SIZE is included it must be one of the integers 224, 256,
** 384, or 512, to determine SHA3 hash variant that is computed.
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;

/******************************************************************************
** The Hash Engine
*/
/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** and whether or not that determination is run-time or compile-time.
**
** For best performance, an attempt is made to guess at the byte-order
** using C-preprocessor macros.  If that is unsuccessful, or if
** -DSHA3_BYTEORDER=0 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifndef SHA3_BYTEORDER
# if defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
     defined(__arm__)
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER    1234
# elif defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__)
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER    4321
# else
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER 0
# endif
#endif


/*
** State structure for a SHA3 hash in progress
*/
typedef struct SHA3Context SHA3Context;
struct SHA3Context {
  union {
    u64 s[25];                /* Keccak state. 5x5 lines of 64 bits each */
    unsigned char x[1600];    /* ... or 1600 bytes */
  } u;
  unsigned nRate;        /* Bytes of input accepted per Keccak iteration */
  unsigned nLoaded;      /* Input bytes loaded into u.x[] so far this cycle */
  unsigned ixMask;       /* Insert next input into u.x[nLoaded^ixMask]. */
};

/*
** A single step of the Keccak mixing function for a 1600-bit state
*/
static void KeccakF1600Step(SHA3Context *p){
  int i;
  u64 B0, B1, B2, B3, B4;
  u64 C0, C1, C2, C3, C4;
  u64 D0, D1, D2, D3, D4;
  static const u64 RC[] = {
    0x0000000000000001ULL,  0x0000000000008082ULL,
    0x800000000000808aULL,  0x8000000080008000ULL,
    0x000000000000808bULL,  0x0000000080000001ULL,
    0x8000000080008081ULL,  0x8000000000008009ULL,
    0x000000000000008aULL,  0x0000000000000088ULL,
    0x0000000080008009ULL,  0x000000008000000aULL,
    0x000000008000808bULL,  0x800000000000008bULL,
    0x8000000000008089ULL,  0x8000000000008003ULL,
    0x8000000000008002ULL,  0x8000000000000080ULL,
    0x000000000000800aULL,  0x800000008000000aULL,
    0x8000000080008081ULL,  0x8000000000008080ULL,
    0x0000000080000001ULL,  0x8000000080008008ULL
  };
# define A00 (p->u.s[0])
# define A01 (p->u.s[1])
# define A02 (p->u.s[2])
# define A03 (p->u.s[3])
# define A04 (p->u.s[4])
# define A10 (p->u.s[5])
# define A11 (p->u.s[6])
# define A12 (p->u.s[7])
# define A13 (p->u.s[8])
# define A14 (p->u.s[9])
# define A20 (p->u.s[10])
# define A21 (p->u.s[11])
# define A22 (p->u.s[12])
# define A23 (p->u.s[13])
# define A24 (p->u.s[14])
# define A30 (p->u.s[15])
# define A31 (p->u.s[16])
# define A32 (p->u.s[17])
# define A33 (p->u.s[18])
# define A34 (p->u.s[19])
# define A40 (p->u.s[20])
# define A41 (p->u.s[21])
# define A42 (p->u.s[22])
# define A43 (p->u.s[23])
# define A44 (p->u.s[24])
# define ROL64(a,x) ((a<<x)|(a>>(64-x)))

  for(i=0; i<24; i+=4){
    C0 = A00^A10^A20^A30^A40;
    C1 = A01^A11^A21^A31^A41;
    C2 = A02^A12^A22^A32^A42;
    C3 = A03^A13^A23^A33^A43;
    C4 = A04^A14^A24^A34^A44;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A11^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A22^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A33^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A44^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i];
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A20^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A31^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A42^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A03^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A40^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A01^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A12^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A34^D4), 8);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A10^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A21^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A43^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A04^D4), 27);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A30^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A02^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A13^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A24^D4), 39);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A20^A40^A10^A30;
    C1 = A11^A31^A01^A21^A41;
    C2 = A22^A42^A12^A32^A02;
    C3 = A33^A03^A23^A43^A13;
    C4 = A44^A14^A34^A04^A24;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A31^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A12^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A43^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A24^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+1];
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A40^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A21^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A02^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A33^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A30^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A11^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A42^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A04^D4), 8);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A20^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A01^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A13^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A44^D4), 27);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A10^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A22^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A03^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A34^D4), 39);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A40^A30^A20^A10;
    C1 = A31^A21^A11^A01^A41;
    C2 = A12^A02^A42^A32^A22;
    C3 = A43^A33^A23^A13^A03;
    C4 = A24^A14^A04^A44^A34;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A21^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A42^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A13^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A34^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+2];
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A30^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A01^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A22^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A43^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A10^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A31^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A02^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A44^D4), 8);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A40^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A11^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A03^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A24^D4), 27);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A20^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A12^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A33^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A04^D4), 39);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A30^A10^A40^A20;
    C1 = A21^A01^A31^A11^A41;
    C2 = A42^A22^A02^A32^A12;
    C3 = A13^A43^A23^A03^A33;
    C4 = A34^A14^A44^A24^A04;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A01^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A02^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A03^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A04^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+3];
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A10^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A11^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A12^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A13^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A20^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A21^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A22^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A24^D4), 8);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A30^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A31^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A33^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A34^D4), 27);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A40^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A42^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A43^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A44^D4), 39);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a new hash.  iSize determines the size of the hash
** in bits and should be one of 224, 256, 384, or 512.  Or iSize
** can be zero to use the default hash size of 256 bits.
*/
static void SHA3Init(SHA3Context *p, int iSize){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( iSize>=128 && iSize<=512 ){
    p->nRate = (1600 - ((iSize + 31)&~31)*2)/8;
  }else{
    p->nRate = (1600 - 2*256)/8;
  }
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
  /* Known to be little-endian at compile-time. No-op */
#elif SHA3_BYTEORDER==4321
  p->ixMask = 7;  /* Big-endian */
#else
  {
    static unsigned int one = 1;
    if( 1==*(unsigned char*)&one ){
      /* Little endian.  No byte swapping. */
      p->ixMask = 0;
    }else{
      /* Big endian.  Byte swap. */
      p->ixMask = 7;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Make consecutive calls to the SHA3Update function to add new content
** to the hash
*/
static void SHA3Update(
  SHA3Context *p,
  const unsigned char *aData,
  unsigned int nData
){
  unsigned int i = 0;
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
  if( (p->nLoaded % 8)==0 && ((aData - (const unsigned char*)0)&7)==0 ){
    for(; i+7<nData; i+=8){
      p->u.s[p->nLoaded/8] ^= *(u64*)&aData[i];
      p->nLoaded += 8;
      if( p->nLoaded>=p->nRate ){
        KeccakF1600Step(p);
        p->nLoaded = 0;
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  for(; i<nData; i++){
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded] ^= aData[i];
#elif SHA3_BYTEORDER==4321
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded^0x07] ^= aData[i];
#else
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded^p->ixMask] ^= aData[i];
#endif
    p->nLoaded++;
    if( p->nLoaded==p->nRate ){
      KeccakF1600Step(p);
      p->nLoaded = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
** After all content has been added, invoke SHA3Final() to compute
** the final hash.  The function returns a pointer to the binary
** hash value.
*/
static unsigned char *SHA3Final(SHA3Context *p){
  unsigned int i;
  if( p->nLoaded==p->nRate-1 ){
    const unsigned char c1 = 0x86;
    SHA3Update(p, &c1, 1);
  }else{
    const unsigned char c2 = 0x06;
    const unsigned char c3 = 0x80;
    SHA3Update(p, &c2, 1);
    p->nLoaded = p->nRate - 1;
    SHA3Update(p, &c3, 1);
  }
  for(i=0; i<p->nRate; i++){
    p->u.x[i+p->nRate] = p->u.x[i^p->ixMask];
  }
  return &p->u.x[p->nRate];
}
/* End of the hashing logic
*****************************************************************************/

/*
** Implementation of the sha3(X,SIZE) function.
**
** Return a BLOB which is the SIZE-bit SHA3 hash of X.  The default
** size is 256.  If X is a BLOB, it is hashed as is.  
** For all other non-NULL types of input, X is converted into a UTF-8 string
** and the string is hashed without the trailing 0x00 terminator.  The hash
** of a NULL value is NULL.
*/
static void sha3Func(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  SHA3Context cx;
  int eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]);
  int nByte = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  int iSize;
  if( argc==1 ){
    iSize = 256;
  }else{
    iSize = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
    if( iSize!=224 && iSize!=256 && iSize!=384 && iSize!=512 ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "SHA3 size should be one of: 224 256 "
                                    "384 512", -1);
      return;
    }
  }
  if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  SHA3Init(&cx, iSize);
  if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
    SHA3Update(&cx, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), nByte);
  }else{
    SHA3Update(&cx, sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]), nByte);
  }
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, SHA3Final(&cx), iSize/8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

/* Compute a string using sqlite3_vsnprintf() with a maximum length
** of 50 bytes and add it to the hash.
*/
static void hash_step_vformat(
  SHA3Context *p,                 /* Add content to this context */
  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;
  int n;
  char zBuf[50];
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3_vsnprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,zFormat,ap);
  va_end(ap);
  n = (int)strlen(zBuf);
  SHA3Update(p, (unsigned char*)zBuf, n);
}

/*
** Implementation of the sha3_query(SQL,SIZE) function.
**
** This function compiles and runs the SQL statement(s) given in the
** argument. The results are hashed using a SIZE-bit SHA3.  The default
** size is 256.
**
** The format of the byte stream that is hashed is summarized as follows:
**
**       S<n>:<sql>
**       R
**       N
**       I<int>
**       F<ieee-float>
**       B<size>:<bytes>
**       T<size>:<text>
**
** <sql> is the original SQL text for each statement run and <n> is
** the size of that text.  The SQL text is UTF-8.  A single R character
** occurs before the start of each row.  N means a NULL value.
** I mean an 8-byte little-endian integer <int>.  F is a floating point
** number with an 8-byte little-endian IEEE floating point value <ieee-float>.
** B means blobs of <size> bytes.  T means text rendered as <size>
** bytes of UTF-8.  The <n> and <size> values are expressed as an ASCII
** text integers.
**
** For each SQL statement in the X input, there is one S segment.  Each
** S segment is followed by zero or more R segments, one for each row in the
** result set.  After each R, there are one or more N, I, F, B, or T segments,
** one for each column in the result set.  Segments are concatentated directly
** with no delimiters of any kind.
*/
static void sha3QueryFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the result set */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int rc;
  int n;
  const char *z;
  SHA3Context cx;
  int iSize;

  if( argc==1 ){
    iSize = 256;
  }else{
    iSize = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
    if( iSize!=224 && iSize!=256 && iSize!=384 && iSize!=512 ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "SHA3 size should be one of: 224 256 "
                                    "384 512", -1);
      return;
    }
  }
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
  SHA3Init(&cx, iSize);
  while( zSql[0] ){
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, &zSql);
    if( rc ){
      char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error SQL statement [%s]: %s",
                                   zSql, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      sqlite3_result_error(context, zMsg, -1);
      sqlite3_free(zMsg);
      return;
    }
    if( !sqlite3_stmt_readonly(pStmt) ){
      char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("non-query: [%s]", sqlite3_sql(pStmt));
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      sqlite3_result_error(context, zMsg, -1);
      sqlite3_free(zMsg);
      return;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    z = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
    n = (int)strlen(z);
    hash_step_vformat(&cx,"S%d:",n);
    SHA3Update(&cx,(unsigned char*)z,n);

    /* Compute a hash over the result of the query */
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      SHA3Update(&cx,(const unsigned char*)"R",1);
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        switch( sqlite3_column_type(pStmt,i) ){
          case SQLITE_NULL: {
            SHA3Update(&cx, (const unsigned char*)"N",1);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
            sqlite3_uint64 u;
            int j;
            unsigned char x[9];
            sqlite3_int64 v = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt,i);
            memcpy(&u, &v, 8);
            for(j=8; j>=1; j--){
              x[j] = u & 0xff;
              u >>= 8;
            }
            x[0] = 'I';
            SHA3Update(&cx, x, 9);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
            sqlite3_uint64 u;
            int j;
            unsigned char x[9];
            double r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt,i);
            memcpy(&u, &r, 8);
            for(j=8; j>=1; j--){
              x[j] = u & 0xff;
              u >>= 8;
            }
            x[0] = 'F';
            SHA3Update(&cx,x,9);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_TEXT: {
            int n2 = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i);
            const unsigned char *z2 = sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
            hash_step_vformat(&cx,"T%d:",n2);
            SHA3Update(&cx, z2, n2);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_BLOB: {
            int n2 = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i);
            const unsigned char *z2 = sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, i);
            hash_step_vformat(&cx,"B%d:",n2);
            SHA3Update(&cx, z2, n2);
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  }
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, SHA3Final(&cx), iSize/8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}


#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_shathree_init(
  sqlite3 *db,
  char **pzErrMsg,
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                               sha3Func, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3Func, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3_query", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3QueryFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3_query", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3QueryFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/shathree.c ********************/
/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/fileio.c ******************/
/*
** 2014-06-13
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements SQL functions readfile() and
** writefile().
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <stdio.h>

/*
** Implementation of the "readfile(X)" SQL function.  The entire content
** of the file named X is read and returned as a BLOB.  NULL is returned
** if the file does not exist or is unreadable.
*/
static void readfileFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName;
  FILE *in;
  long nIn;
  void *pBuf;

  (void)(argc);  /* Unused parameter */
  zName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  pBuf = sqlite3_malloc( nIn );
  if( pBuf && 1==fread(pBuf, nIn, 1, in) ){
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, pBuf, nIn, sqlite3_free);
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pBuf);
  }
  fclose(in);
}

/*
** Implementation of the "writefile(X,Y)" SQL function.  The argument Y
** is written into file X.  The number of bytes written is returned.  Or
** NULL is returned if something goes wrong, such as being unable to open
** file X for writing.
*/
static void writefileFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  FILE *out;
  const char *z;
  sqlite3_int64 rc;
  const char *zFile;

  (void)(argc);  /* Unused parameter */
  zFile = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFile==0 ) return;
  out = fopen(zFile, "wb");
  if( out==0 ) return;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
  if( z==0 ){
    rc = 0;
  }else{
    rc = fwrite(z, 1, sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]), out);
  }
  fclose(out);
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, rc);
}


#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_fileio_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "readfile", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                               readfileFunc, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "writefile", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 writefileFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/fileio.c ********************/
/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/completion.c ******************/
/*
** 2017-07-10
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file implements an eponymous virtual table that returns suggested
** completions for a partial SQL input.
**
** Suggested usage:
**
**     SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase
**       FROM completion($prefix,$wholeline)
**      ORDER BY 1;
**
** The two query parameters are optional.  $prefix is the text of the
** current word being typed and that is to be completed.  $wholeline is
** the complete input line, used for context.
**
** The raw completion() table might return the same candidate multiple
** times, for example if the same column name is used to two or more
** tables.  And the candidates are returned in an arbitrary order.  Hence,
** the DISTINCT and ORDER BY are recommended.
**
** This virtual table operates at the speed of human typing, and so there
** is no attempt to make it fast.  Even a slow implementation will be much
** faster than any human can type.
**
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

/* completion_vtab is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a completion virtual table
*/
typedef struct completion_vtab completion_vtab;
struct completion_vtab {
  sqlite3_vtab base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* Database connection for this completion vtab */
};

/* completion_cursor is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab_cursor which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a cursor that scans
** over rows of the result
*/
typedef struct completion_cursor completion_cursor;
struct completion_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection for this cursor */
  int nPrefix, nLine;        /* Number of bytes in zPrefix and zLine */
  char *zPrefix;             /* The prefix for the word we want to complete */
  char *zLine;               /* The whole that we want to complete */
  const char *zCurrentRow;   /* Current output row */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;       /* Current statement */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;      /* The rowid */
  int ePhase;                /* Current phase */
  int j;                     /* inter-phase counter */
};

/* Values for ePhase:
*/
#define COMPLETION_FIRST_PHASE   1
#define COMPLETION_KEYWORDS      1
#define COMPLETION_PRAGMAS       2
#define COMPLETION_FUNCTIONS     3
#define COMPLETION_COLLATIONS    4
#define COMPLETION_INDEXES       5
#define COMPLETION_TRIGGERS      6
#define COMPLETION_DATABASES     7
#define COMPLETION_TABLES        8
#define COMPLETION_COLUMNS       9
#define COMPLETION_MODULES       10
#define COMPLETION_EOF           11

/*
** The completionConnect() method is invoked to create a new
** completion_vtab that describes the completion virtual table.
**
** Think of this routine as the constructor for completion_vtab objects.
**
** All this routine needs to do is:
**
**    (1) Allocate the completion_vtab object and initialize all fields.
**
**    (2) Tell SQLite (via the sqlite3_declare_vtab() interface) what the
**        result set of queries against completion will look like.
*/
static int completionConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  completion_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

  (void)(pAux);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argc);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argv);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(pzErr);   /* Unused parameter */

/* Column numbers */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE 0  /* Suggested completion of the input */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX    1  /* Prefix of the word to be completed */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE 2  /* Entire line seen so far */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_PHASE     3  /* ePhase - used for debugging only */

  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db,
      "CREATE TABLE x("
      "  candidate TEXT,"
      "  prefix TEXT HIDDEN,"
      "  wholeline TEXT HIDDEN,"
      "  phase INT HIDDEN"        /* Used for debugging only */
      ")");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pNew;
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
    pNew->db = db;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This method is the destructor for completion_cursor objects.
*/
static int completionDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Constructor for a new completion_cursor object.
*/
static int completionOpen(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  completion_cursor *pCur;
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  pCur->db = ((completion_vtab*)p)->db;
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Reset the completion_cursor.
*/
static void completionCursorReset(completion_cursor *pCur){
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zPrefix);   pCur->zPrefix = 0;  pCur->nPrefix = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zLine);     pCur->zLine = 0;    pCur->nLine = 0;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt); pCur->pStmt = 0;
  pCur->j = 0;
}

/*
** Destructor for a completion_cursor.
*/
static int completionClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completionCursorReset((completion_cursor*)cur);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** All SQL keywords understood by SQLite
*/
static const char *completionKwrds[] = {
  "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
  "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
  "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
  "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
  "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
  "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
  "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
  "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
  "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
  "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
  "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
  "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
  "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
  "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
  "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
  "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
  "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
  "WITH", "WITHOUT",
};
#define completionKwCount \
   (int)(sizeof(completionKwrds)/sizeof(completionKwrds[0]))

/*
** Advance a completion_cursor to its next row of output.
**
** The ->ePhase, ->j, and ->pStmt fields of the completion_cursor object
** record the current state of the scan.  This routine sets ->zCurrentRow
** to the current row of output and then returns.  If no more rows remain,
** then ->ePhase is set to COMPLETION_EOF which will signal the virtual
** table that has reached the end of its scan.
**
** The current implementation just lists potential identifiers and
** keywords and filters them by zPrefix.  Future enhancements should
** take zLine into account to try to restrict the set of identifiers and
** keywords based on what would be legal at the current point of input.
*/
static int completionNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  int eNextPhase = 0;  /* Next phase to try if current phase reaches end */
  int iCol = -1;       /* If >=0, step pCur->pStmt and use the i-th column */
  pCur->iRowid++;
  while( pCur->ePhase!=COMPLETION_EOF ){
    switch( pCur->ePhase ){
      case COMPLETION_KEYWORDS: {
        if( pCur->j >= completionKwCount ){
          pCur->zCurrentRow = 0;
          pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_DATABASES;
        }else{
          pCur->zCurrentRow = completionKwrds[pCur->j++];
        }
        iCol = -1;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_DATABASES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1,
                             &pCur->pStmt, 0);
        }
        iCol = 1;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_TABLES;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_TABLES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_stmt *pS2;
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
               " WHERE type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
          sqlite3_free(zSql);
        }
        iCol = 0;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_COLUMNS;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_COLUMNS: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_stmt *pS2;
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT pti.name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master AS sm"
                       " JOIN pragma_table_info(sm.name,%Q) AS pti"
               " WHERE sm.type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
          sqlite3_free(zSql);
        }
        iCol = 0;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_EOF;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( iCol<0 ){
      /* This case is when the phase presets zCurrentRow */
      if( pCur->zCurrentRow==0 ) continue;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3_step(pCur->pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        /* Extract the next row of content */
        pCur->zCurrentRow = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pCur->pStmt, iCol);
      }else{
        /* When all rows are finished, advance to the next phase */
        sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt);
        pCur->pStmt = 0;
        pCur->ePhase = eNextPhase;
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( pCur->nPrefix==0 ) break;
    if( sqlite3_strnicmp(pCur->zPrefix, pCur->zCurrentRow, pCur->nPrefix)==0 ){
      break;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return values of columns for the row at which the completion_cursor
** is currently pointing.
*/
static int completionColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zCurrentRow, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zPrefix, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zLine, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PHASE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCur->ePhase);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the rowid for the current row.  In this implementation, the
** rowid is the same as the output value.
*/
static int completionRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = pCur->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor has been moved off of the last
** row of output.
*/
static int completionEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  return pCur->ePhase >= COMPLETION_EOF;
}

/*
** This method is called to "rewind" the completion_cursor object back
** to the first row of output.  This method is always called at least
** once prior to any call to completionColumn() or completionRowid() or 
** completionEof().
*/
static int completionFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor *)pVtabCursor;
  int iArg = 0;
  (void)(idxStr);   /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argc);     /* Unused parameter */
  completionCursorReset(pCur);
  if( idxNum & 1 ){
    pCur->nPrefix = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( idxNum & 2 ){
    pCur->nLine = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nLine>0 ){
      pCur->zLine = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zLine==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( pCur->zLine!=0 && pCur->zPrefix==0 ){
    int i = pCur->nLine;
    while( i>0 && (isalnum(pCur->zLine[i-1]) || pCur->zLine[i-1]=='_') ){
      i--;
    }
    pCur->nPrefix = pCur->nLine - i;
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s", pCur->nPrefix, pCur->zLine + i);
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  pCur->iRowid = 0;
  pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_FIRST_PHASE;
  return completionNext(pVtabCursor);
}

/*
** SQLite will invoke this method one or more times while planning a query
** that uses the completion virtual table.  This routine needs to create
** a query plan for each invocation and compute an estimated cost for that
** plan.
**
** There are two hidden parameters that act as arguments to the table-valued
** function:  "prefix" and "wholeline".  Bit 0 of idxNum is set if "prefix"
** is available and bit 1 is set if "wholeline" is available.
*/
static int completionBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;                 /* Loop over constraints */
  int idxNum = 0;        /* The query plan bitmask */
  int prefixIdx = -1;    /* Index of the start= constraint, or -1 if none */
  int wholelineIdx = -1; /* Index of the stop= constraint, or -1 if none */
  int nArg = 0;          /* Number of arguments that completeFilter() expects */
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;

  (void)(tab);    /* Unused parameter */
  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( pConstraint->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    switch( pConstraint->iColumn ){
      case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX:
        prefixIdx = i;
        idxNum |= 1;
        break;
      case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE:
        wholelineIdx = i;
        idxNum |= 2;
        break;
    }
  }
  if( prefixIdx>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[prefixIdx].argvIndex = ++nArg;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[prefixIdx].omit = 1;
  }
  if( wholelineIdx>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[wholelineIdx].argvIndex = ++nArg;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[wholelineIdx].omit = 1;
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = idxNum;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)5000 - 1000*nArg;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 500 - 100*nArg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This following structure defines all the methods for the 
** completion virtual table.
*/
static sqlite3_module completionModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  completionConnect,         /* xConnect */
  completionBestIndex,       /* xBestIndex */
  completionDisconnect,      /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  completionOpen,            /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  completionClose,           /* xClose - close a cursor */
  completionFilter,          /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  completionNext,            /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  completionEof,             /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  completionColumn,          /* xColumn - read data */
  completionRowid,           /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

int sqlite3CompletionVtabInit(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "completion", &completionModule, 0);
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_completion_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)(pzErrMsg);  /* Unused parameter */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3CompletionVtabInit(db);
#endif
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/completion.c ********************/

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** State information for a single open session
*/
typedef struct OpenSession OpenSession;
struct OpenSession {
  char *zName;             /* Symbolic name for this session */
  int nFilter;             /* Number of xFilter rejection GLOB patterns */
  char **azFilter;         /* Array of xFilter rejection GLOB patterns */
  sqlite3_session *p;      /* The open session */
};
#endif

/*
** Shell output mode information from before ".explain on",
** saved so that it can be restored by ".explain off"
*/
typedef struct SavedModeInfo SavedModeInfo;
struct SavedModeInfo {
  int valid;          /* Is there legit data in here? */
  int mode;           /* Mode prior to ".explain on" */
  int showHeader;     /* The ".header" setting prior to ".explain on" */
  int colWidth[100];  /* Column widths prior to ".explain on" */
};

/*
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int autoExplain;       /* Automatically turn on .explain mode */
  int autoEQP;           /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int scanstatsOn;       /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int cMode;             /* temporary output mode for the current query */
  int normalMode;        /* Output mode before ".explain on" */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  int nCheck;            /* Number of ".check" commands run */
  unsigned shellFlgs;    /* Various flags */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char zTestcase[30];    /* Name of current test case */
  char colSeparator[20]; /* Column separator character for several modes */
  char rowSeparator[20]; /* Row separator character for MODE_Ascii */
  int colWidth[100];     /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
  int actualWidth[100];  /* Actual width of each column */
  char nullValue[20];    /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
                         ** the database */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
  int nIndent;           /* Size of array aiIndent[] */
  int iIndent;           /* Index of current op in aiIndent[] */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  int nSession;             /* Number of active sessions */
  OpenSession aSession[4];  /* Array of sessions.  [0] is in focus. */
#endif
};

/*
** These are the allowed shellFlgs values
*/
#define SHFLG_Pagecache      0x00000001 /* The --pagecache option is used */
#define SHFLG_Lookaside      0x00000002 /* Lookaside memory is used */
#define SHFLG_Backslash      0x00000004 /* The --backslash option is used */
#define SHFLG_PreserveRowid  0x00000008 /* .dump preserves rowid values */
#define SHFLG_Newlines       0x00000010 /* .dump --newline flag */
#define SHFLG_CountChanges   0x00000020 /* .changes setting */
#define SHFLG_Echo           0x00000040 /* .echo or --echo setting */

/*
** Macros for testing and setting shellFlgs
*/
#define ShellHasFlag(P,X)    (((P)->shellFlgs & (X))!=0)
#define ShellSetFlag(P,X)    ((P)->shellFlgs|=(X))
#define ShellClearFlag(P,X)  ((P)->shellFlgs&=(~(X)))

/*
** These are the allowed modes.
*/
#define MODE_Line     0  /* One column per line.  Blank line between records */
#define MODE_Column   1  /* One record per line in neat columns */
#define MODE_List     2  /* One record per line with a separator */
#define MODE_Semi     3  /* Same as MODE_List but append ";" to each line */
#define MODE_Html     4  /* Generate an XHTML table */
#define MODE_Insert   5  /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
#define MODE_Quote    6  /* Quote values as for SQL */
#define MODE_Tcl      7  /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
#define MODE_Csv      8  /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
#define MODE_Explain  9  /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */
#define MODE_Ascii   10  /* Use ASCII unit and record separators (0x1F/0x1E) */
#define MODE_Pretty  11  /* Pretty-print schemas */

static const char *modeDescr[] = {
  "line",
  "column",
  "list",
  "semi",
  "html",
  "insert",
  "quote",
  "tcl",
  "csv",
  "explain",
  "ascii",
  "prettyprint",
};

/*
** These are the column/row/line separators used by the various
** import/export modes.
*/
#define SEP_Column    "|"
#define SEP_Row       "\n"
#define SEP_Tab       "\t"
#define SEP_Space     " "
#define SEP_Comma     ","
#define SEP_CrLf      "\r\n"
#define SEP_Unit      "\x1F"
#define SEP_Record    "\x1E"

/*
** Number of elements in an array
*/
#define ArraySize(X)  (int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))

/*
** A callback for the sqlite3_log() interface.
*/
static void shellLog(void *pArg, int iErrCode, const char *zMsg){
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;
  if( p->pLog==0 ) return;
  utf8_printf(p->pLog, "(%d) %s\n", iErrCode, zMsg);
  fflush(p->pLog);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a hex-encoded blob (eg. X'1234' )
*/
static void output_hex_blob(FILE *out, const void *pBlob, int nBlob){
  int i;
  char *zBlob = (char *)pBlob;
  raw_printf(out,"X'");
  for(i=0; i<nBlob; i++){ raw_printf(out,"%02x",zBlob[i]&0xff); }
  raw_printf(out,"'");
}

/*
** Find a string that is not found anywhere in z[].  Return a pointer
** to that string.
**
** Try to use zA and zB first.  If both of those are already found in z[]
** then make up some string and store it in the buffer zBuf.
*/
static const char *unused_string(
  const char *z,                    /* Result must not appear anywhere in z */
  const char *zA, const char *zB,   /* Try these first */
  char *zBuf                        /* Space to store a generated string */
){
  unsigned i = 0;
  if( strstr(z, zA)==0 ) return zA;
  if( strstr(z, zB)==0 ) return zB;
  do{
    sqlite3_snprintf(20,zBuf,"(%s%u)", zA, i++);
  }while( strstr(z,zBuf)!=0 );
  return zBuf;
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
**
** See also: output_quoted_escaped_string()
*/
static void output_quoted_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  char c;
  setBinaryMode(out, 1);
  for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\''; i++){}
  if( c==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"'%s'",z);
  }else{
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    while( *z ){
      for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\''; i++){}
      if( c=='\'' ) i++;
      if( i ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%.*s", i, z);
        z += i;
      }
      if( c=='\'' ){
        raw_printf(out, "'");
        continue;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        break;
      }
      z++;
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
  }
  setTextMode(out, 1);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
** Additionallly , escape the "\n" and "\r" characters so that they do not
** get corrupted by end-of-line translation facilities in some operating
** systems.
**
** This is like output_quoted_string() but with the addition of the \r\n
** escape mechanism.
*/
static void output_quoted_escaped_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  char c;
  setBinaryMode(out, 1);
  for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\'' && c!='\n' && c!='\r'; i++){}
  if( c==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"'%s'",z);
  }else{
    const char *zNL = 0;
    const char *zCR = 0;
    int nNL = 0;
    int nCR = 0;
    char zBuf1[20], zBuf2[20];
    for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( z[i]=='\n' ) nNL++;
      if( z[i]=='\r' ) nCR++;
    }
    if( nNL ){
      raw_printf(out, "replace(");
      zNL = unused_string(z, "\\n", "\\012", zBuf1);
    }
    if( nCR ){
      raw_printf(out, "replace(");
      zCR = unused_string(z, "\\r", "\\015", zBuf2);
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    while( *z ){
      for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\n' && c!='\r' && c!='\''; i++){}
      if( c=='\'' ) i++;
      if( i ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%.*s", i, z);
        z += i;
      }
      if( c=='\'' ){
        raw_printf(out, "'");
        continue;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        break;
      }
      z++;
      if( c=='\n' ){
        raw_printf(out, "%s", zNL);
        continue;
      }
      raw_printf(out, "%s", zCR);
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    if( nCR ){
      raw_printf(out, ",'%s',char(13))", zCR);
    }
    if( nNL ){
      raw_printf(out, ",'%s',char(10))", zNL);
    }
  }
  setTextMode(out, 1);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted according to C or TCL quoting rules.
*/
static void output_c_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  unsigned int c;
  fputc('"', out);
  while( (c = *(z++))!=0 ){
    if( c=='\\' ){
      fputc(c, out);
      fputc(c, out);
    }else if( c=='"' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('"', out);
    }else if( c=='\t' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('t', out);
    }else if( c=='\n' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('n', out);
    }else if( c=='\r' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('r', out);
    }else if( !isprint(c&0xff) ){
      raw_printf(out, "\\%03o", c&0xff);
    }else{
      fputc(c, out);
    }
  }
  fputc('"', out);
}

/*
** Output the given string with characters that are special to
** HTML escaped.
*/
static void output_html_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
  while( *z ){
    for(i=0;   z[i]
            && z[i]!='<'
            && z[i]!='&'
            && z[i]!='>'
            && z[i]!='\"'
            && z[i]!='\'';
        i++){}
    if( i>0 ){
      utf8_printf(out,"%.*s",i,z);
    }
    if( z[i]=='<' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&lt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='&' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&amp;");
    }else if( z[i]=='>' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&gt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\"' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&quot;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\'' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&#39;");
    }else{
      break;
    }
    z += i + 1;
  }
}

/*
** If a field contains any character identified by a 1 in the following
** array, then the string must be quoted for CSV.
*/
static const char needCsvQuote[] = {
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
};

/*
** Output a single term of CSV.  Actually, p->colSeparator is used for
** the separator, which may or may not be a comma.  p->nullValue is
** the null value.  Strings are quoted if necessary.  The separator
** is only issued if bSep is true.
*/
static void output_csv(ShellState *p, const char *z, int bSep){
  FILE *out = p->out;
  if( z==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"%s",p->nullValue);
  }else{
    int i;
    int nSep = strlen30(p->colSeparator);
    for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( needCsvQuote[((unsigned char*)z)[i]]
         || (z[i]==p->colSeparator[0] &&
             (nSep==1 || memcmp(z, p->colSeparator, nSep)==0)) ){
        i = 0;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i==0 ){
      putc('"', out);
      for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
        if( z[i]=='"' ) putc('"', out);
        putc(z[i], out);
      }
      putc('"', out);
    }else{
      utf8_printf(out, "%s", z);
    }
  }
  if( bSep ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
  }
}

#ifdef SIGINT
/*
** This routine runs when the user presses Ctrl-C
*/
static void interrupt_handler(int NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  seenInterrupt++;
  if( seenInterrupt>2 ) exit(1);
  if( globalDb ) sqlite3_interrupt(globalDb);
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
/*
** When the ".auth ON" is set, the following authorizer callback is
** invoked.  It always returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int shellAuth(
  void *pClientData,
  int op,
  const char *zA1,
  const char *zA2,
  const char *zA3,
  const char *zA4
){
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pClientData;
  static const char *azAction[] = { 0,
     "CREATE_INDEX",         "CREATE_TABLE",         "CREATE_TEMP_INDEX",
     "CREATE_TEMP_TABLE",    "CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER",  "CREATE_TEMP_VIEW",
     "CREATE_TRIGGER",       "CREATE_VIEW",          "DELETE",
     "DROP_INDEX",           "DROP_TABLE",           "DROP_TEMP_INDEX",
     "DROP_TEMP_TABLE",      "DROP_TEMP_TRIGGER",    "DROP_TEMP_VIEW",
     "DROP_TRIGGER",         "DROP_VIEW",            "INSERT",
     "PRAGMA",               "READ",                 "SELECT",
     "TRANSACTION",          "UPDATE",               "ATTACH",
     "DETACH",               "ALTER_TABLE",          "REINDEX",
     "ANALYZE",              "CREATE_VTABLE",        "DROP_VTABLE",
     "FUNCTION",             "SAVEPOINT",            "RECURSIVE"
  };
  int i;
  const char *az[4];
  az[0] = zA1;
  az[1] = zA2;
  az[2] = zA3;
  az[3] = zA4;
  utf8_printf(p->out, "authorizer: %s", azAction[op]);
  for(i=0; i<4; i++){
    raw_printf(p->out, " ");
    if( az[i] ){
      output_c_string(p->out, az[i]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "NULL");
    }
  }
  raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Print a schema statement.  Part of MODE_Semi and MODE_Pretty output.
**
** This routine converts some CREATE TABLE statements for shadow tables
** in FTS3/4/5 into CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS statements.
*/
static void printSchemaLine(FILE *out, const char *z, const char *zTail){
  if( sqlite3_strglob("CREATE TABLE ['\"]*", z)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s%s", z+13, zTail);
  }else{
    utf8_printf(out, "%s%s", z, zTail);
  }
}
static void printSchemaLineN(FILE *out, char *z, int n, const char *zTail){
  char c = z[n];
  z[n] = 0;
  printSchemaLine(out, z, zTail);
  z[n] = c;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the shell
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int shell_callback(
  void *pArg,
  int nArg,        /* Number of result columns */
  char **azArg,    /* Text of each result column */
  char **azCol,    /* Column names */
  int *aiType      /* Column types */
){
  int i;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;

  if( azArg==0 ) return 0;
  switch( p->cMode ){
    case MODE_Line: {
      int w = 5;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int len = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        if( len>w ) w = len;
      }
      if( p->cnt++>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%*s = %s%s", w, azCol[i],
                azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue, p->rowSeparator);
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Explain:
    case MODE_Column: {
      static const int aExplainWidths[] = {4, 13, 4, 4, 4, 13, 2, 13};
      const int *colWidth;
      int showHdr;
      char *rowSep;
      if( p->cMode==MODE_Column ){
        colWidth = p->colWidth;
        showHdr = p->showHeader;
        rowSep = p->rowSeparator;
      }else{
        colWidth = aExplainWidths;
        showHdr = 1;
        rowSep = SEP_Row;
      }
      if( p->cnt++==0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          int w, n;
          if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
            w = colWidth[i];
          }else{
            w = 0;
          }
          if( w==0 ){
            w = strlenChar(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
            if( w<10 ) w = 10;
            n = strlenChar(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
            if( w<n ) w = n;
          }
          if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
            p->actualWidth[i] = w;
          }
          if( showHdr ){
            utf8_width_print(p->out, w, azCol[i]);
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
          }
        }
        if( showHdr ){
          for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
            int w;
            if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
               w = p->actualWidth[i];
               if( w<0 ) w = -w;
            }else{
               w = 10;
            }
            utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
                   "----------------------------------------------------------"
                   "----------------------------------------------------------",
                    i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
          }
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->cMode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlenChar(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlenChar(azArg[i]);
        }
        if( i==1 && p->aiIndent && p->pStmt ){
          if( p->iIndent<p->nIndent ){
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%*.s", p->aiIndent[p->iIndent], "");
          }
          p->iIndent++;
        }
        utf8_width_print(p->out, w, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Semi: {   /* .schema and .fullschema output */
      printSchemaLine(p->out, azArg[0], ";\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Pretty: {  /* .schema and .fullschema with --indent */
      char *z;
      int j;
      int nParen = 0;
      char cEnd = 0;
      char c;
      int nLine = 0;
      assert( nArg==1 );
      if( azArg[0]==0 ) break;
      if( sqlite3_strlike("CREATE VIEW%", azArg[0], 0)==0
       || sqlite3_strlike("CREATE TRIG%", azArg[0], 0)==0
      ){
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s;\n", azArg[0]);
        break;
      }
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azArg[0]);
      j = 0;
      for(i=0; IsSpace(z[i]); i++){}
      for(; (c = z[i])!=0; i++){
        if( IsSpace(c) ){
          if( IsSpace(z[j-1]) || z[j-1]=='(' ) continue;
        }else if( (c=='(' || c==')') && j>0 && IsSpace(z[j-1]) ){
          j--;
        }
        z[j++] = c;
      }
      while( j>0 && IsSpace(z[j-1]) ){ j--; }
      z[j] = 0;
      if( strlen30(z)>=79 ){
        for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++){
          if( c==cEnd ){
            cEnd = 0;
          }else if( c=='"' || c=='\'' || c=='`' ){
            cEnd = c;
          }else if( c=='[' ){
            cEnd = ']';
          }else if( c=='(' ){
            nParen++;
          }else if( c==')' ){
            nParen--;
            if( nLine>0 && nParen==0 && j>0 ){
              printSchemaLineN(p->out, z, j, "\n");
              j = 0;
            }
          }
          z[j++] = c;
          if( nParen==1 && (c=='(' || c==',' || c=='\n') ){
            if( c=='\n' ) j--;
            printSchemaLineN(p->out, z, j, "\n  ");
            j = 0;
            nLine++;
            while( IsSpace(z[i+1]) ){ i++; }
          }
        }
        z[j] = 0;
      }
      printSchemaLine(p->out, z, ";\n");
      sqlite3_free(z);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_List: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s%s",azCol[i],
                  i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : p->colSeparator);
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        char *z = azArg[i];
        if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        if( i<nArg-1 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Html: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        raw_printf(p->out,"<TR>");
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          raw_printf(p->out,"<TH>");
          output_html_string(p->out, azCol[i]);
          raw_printf(p->out,"</TH>\n");
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      raw_printf(p->out,"<TR>");
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        raw_printf(p->out,"<TD>");
        output_html_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        raw_printf(p->out,"</TD>\n");
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Tcl: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_c_string(p->out,azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
          if(i<nArg-1) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        output_c_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        if(i<nArg-1) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Csv: {
      setBinaryMode(p->out, 1);
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( nArg>0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      setTextMode(p->out, 1);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Insert: {
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      utf8_printf(p->out,"INSERT INTO %s",p->zDestTable);
      if( p->showHeader ){
        raw_printf(p->out,"(");
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
          if( quoteChar(azCol[i]) ){
            char *z = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\"", azCol[i]);
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
            sqlite3_free(z);
          }else{
            raw_printf(p->out, "%s", azCol[i]);
          }
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,")");
      }
      p->cnt++;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        raw_printf(p->out, i>0 ? "," : " VALUES(");
        if( (azArg[i]==0) || (aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_NULL) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"NULL");
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_TEXT ){
          if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines) ){
            output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
          }else{
            output_quoted_escaped_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
          }
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
          char z[50];
          double r = sqlite3_column_double(p->pStmt, i);
          sqlite3_snprintf(50,z,"%!.20g", r);
          raw_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_BLOB && p->pStmt ){
          const void *pBlob = sqlite3_column_blob(p->pStmt, i);
          int nBlob = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i);
          output_hex_blob(p->out, pBlob, nBlob);
        }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines) ){
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }else{
          output_quoted_escaped_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,");\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Quote: {
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      if( p->cnt==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azCol[i]);
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,"\n");
      }
      p->cnt++;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
        if( (azArg[i]==0) || (aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_NULL) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"NULL");
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_TEXT ){
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
          char z[50];
          double r = sqlite3_column_double(p->pStmt, i);
          sqlite3_snprintf(50,z,"%!.20g", r);
          raw_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_BLOB && p->pStmt ){
          const void *pBlob = sqlite3_column_blob(p->pStmt, i);
          int nBlob = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i);
          output_hex_blob(p->out, pBlob, nBlob);
        }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else{
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,"\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Ascii: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
  /* since we don't have type info, call the shell_callback with a NULL value */
  return shell_callback(pArg, nArg, azArg, azCol, NULL);
}

/*
** This is the callback routine from sqlite3_exec() that appends all
** output onto the end of a ShellText object.
*/
static int captureOutputCallback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **az){
  ShellText *p = (ShellText*)pArg;
  int i;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(az);
  if( azArg==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->n ) appendText(p, "|", 0);
  for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
    if( i ) appendText(p, ",", 0);
    if( azArg[i] ) appendText(p, azArg[i], 0);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate an appropriate SELFTEST table in the main database.
*/
static void createSelftestTable(ShellState *p){
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3_exec(p->db,
    "SAVEPOINT selftest_init;\n"
    "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS selftest(\n"
    "  tno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,\n"   /* Test number */
    "  op TEXT,\n"                   /* Operator:  memo run */
    "  cmd TEXT,\n"                  /* Command text */
    "  ans TEXT\n"                   /* Desired answer */
    ");"
    "CREATE TEMP TABLE [_shell$self](op,cmd,ans);\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self](rowid,op,cmd)\n"
    "  VALUES(coalesce((SELECT (max(tno)+100)/10 FROM selftest),10),\n"
    "         'memo','Tests generated by --init');\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',\n"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                                 "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query('SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                          "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2',224));\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT * FROM \"' ||"
    "        printf('%w',name) || '\" NOT INDEXED'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query(printf('SELECT * FROM \"%w\" NOT INDEXED',name),224))\n"
    "  FROM (\n"
    "    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master\n"
    "     WHERE type='table'\n"
    "       AND name<>'selftest'\n"
    "       AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>0\n"
    "  )\n"
    " ORDER BY name;\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  VALUES('run','PRAGMA integrity_check','ok');\n"
    "INSERT INTO selftest(tno,op,cmd,ans)"
    "  SELECT rowid*10,op,cmd,ans FROM [_shell$self];\n"
    "DROP TABLE [_shell$self];"
    ,0,0,&zErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "SELFTEST initialization failure: %s\n", zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
  }
  sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE selftest_init",0,0,0);
}


/*
** Set the destination table field of the ShellState structure to
** the name of the table given.  Escape any quote characters in the
** table name.
*/
static void set_table_name(ShellState *p, const char *zName){
  int i, n;
  char cQuote;
  char *z;

  if( p->zDestTable ){
    free(p->zDestTable);
    p->zDestTable = 0;
  }
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  cQuote = quoteChar(zName);
  n = strlen30(zName);
  if( cQuote ) n += n+2;
  z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
  if( z==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  n = 0;
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    z[n++] = zName[i];
    if( zName[i]==cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  }
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  z[n] = 0;
}


/*
** Execute a query statement that will generate SQL output.  Print
** the result columns, comma-separated, on a line and then add a
** semicolon terminator to the end of that line.
**
** If the number of columns is 1 and that column contains text "--"
** then write the semicolon on a separate line.  That way, if a
** "--" comment occurs at the end of the statement, the comment
** won't consume the semicolon terminator.
*/
static int run_table_dump_query(
  ShellState *p,           /* Query context */
  const char *zSelect,     /* SELECT statement to extract content */
  const char *zFirstRow    /* Print before first row, if not NULL */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
  while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( zFirstRow ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", zFirstRow);
      zFirstRow = 0;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, 0);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
    for(i=1; i<nResult; i++){
      utf8_printf(p->out, ",%s", sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i));
    }
    if( z==0 ) z = "";
    while( z[0] && (z[0]!='-' || z[1]!='-') ) z++;
    if( z[0] ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n;\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, ";\n");
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate space and save off current error string.
*/
static char *save_err_msg(
  sqlite3 *db            /* Database to query */
){
  int nErrMsg = 1+strlen30(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  char *zErrMsg = sqlite3_malloc64(nErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    memcpy(zErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
  }
  return zErrMsg;
}

#ifdef __linux__
/*
** Attempt to display I/O stats on Linux using /proc/PID/io
*/
static void displayLinuxIoStats(FILE *out){
  FILE *in;
  char z[200];
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z), z, "/proc/%d/io", getpid());
  in = fopen(z, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  while( fgets(z, sizeof(z), in)!=0 ){
    static const struct {
      const char *zPattern;
      const char *zDesc;
    } aTrans[] = {
      { "rchar: ",                  "Bytes received by read():" },
      { "wchar: ",                  "Bytes sent to write():"    },
      { "syscr: ",                  "Read() system calls:"      },
      { "syscw: ",                  "Write() system calls:"     },
      { "read_bytes: ",             "Bytes read from storage:"  },
      { "write_bytes: ",            "Bytes written to storage:" },
      { "cancelled_write_bytes: ",  "Cancelled write bytes:"    },
    };
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTrans); i++){
      int n = (int)strlen(aTrans[i].zPattern);
      if( strncmp(aTrans[i].zPattern, z, n)==0 ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%-36s %s", aTrans[i].zDesc, &z[n]);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  fclose(in);
}
#endif

/*
** Display a single line of status using 64-bit values.
*/
static void displayStatLine(
  ShellState *p,            /* The shell context */
  char *zLabel,             /* Label for this one line */
  char *zFormat,            /* Format for the result */
  int iStatusCtrl,          /* Which status to display */
  int bReset                /* True to reset the stats */
){
  sqlite3_int64 iCur = -1;
  sqlite3_int64 iHiwtr = -1;
  int i, nPercent;
  char zLine[200];
  sqlite3_status64(iStatusCtrl, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
  for(i=0, nPercent=0; zFormat[i]; i++){
    if( zFormat[i]=='%' ) nPercent++;
  }
  if( nPercent>1 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLine), zLine, zFormat, iCur, iHiwtr);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLine), zLine, zFormat, iHiwtr);
  }
  raw_printf(p->out, "%-36s %s\n", zLabel, zLine);
}

/*
** Display memory stats.
*/
static int display_stats(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg,           /* Pointer to ShellState */
  int bReset                  /* True to reset the stats */
){
  int iCur;
  int iHiwtr;

  if( pArg && pArg->out ){
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Memory Used:",
       "%lld (max %lld) bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Outstanding Allocations:",
       "%lld (max %lld)", SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, bReset);
    if( pArg->shellFlgs & SHFLG_Pagecache ){
      displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Pcache Pages Used:",
         "%lld (max %lld) pages", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, bReset);
    }
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Pcache Overflow Bytes:",
       "%lld (max %lld) bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Largest Allocation:",
       "%lld bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Largest Pcache Allocation:",
       "%lld bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, bReset);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Deepest Parser Stack:",
       "%lld (max %lld)", SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK, bReset);
#endif
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db ){
    if( pArg->shellFlgs & SHFLG_Lookaside ){
      iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out,
              "Lookaside Slots Used:                %d (max %d)\n",
              iCur, iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Successful lookaside attempts:       %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to size:      %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to OOM:       %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
    }
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Pager Heap Usage:                    %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache hits:                     %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache misses:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache writes:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Schema Heap Usage:                   %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Statement Heap/Lookaside Usage:      %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db && pArg->pStmt ){
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP,
                               bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Fullscan Steps:                      %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Sort Operations:                     %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX,bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Virtual Machine Steps:               %d\n", iCur);
  }

#ifdef __linux__
  displayLinuxIoStats(pArg->out);
#endif

  /* Do not remove this machine readable comment: extra-stats-output-here */

  return 0;
}

/*
** Display scan stats.
*/
static void display_scanstats(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg                /* Pointer to ShellState */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pArg);
#else
  int i, k, n, mx;
  raw_printf(pArg->out, "-------- scanstats --------\n");
  mx = 0;
  for(k=0; k<=mx; k++){
    double rEstLoop = 1.0;
    for(i=n=0; 1; i++){
      sqlite3_stmt *p = pArg->pStmt;
      sqlite3_int64 nLoop, nVisit;
      double rEst;
      int iSid;
      const char *zExplain;
      if( sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP, (void*)&nLoop) ){
        break;
      }
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID, (void*)&iSid);
      if( iSid>mx ) mx = iSid;
      if( iSid!=k ) continue;
      if( n==0 ){
        rEstLoop = (double)nLoop;
        if( k>0 ) raw_printf(pArg->out, "-------- subquery %d -------\n", k);
      }
      n++;
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT, (void*)&nVisit);
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST, (void*)&rEst);
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN, (void*)&zExplain);
      utf8_printf(pArg->out, "Loop %2d: %s\n", n, zExplain);
      rEstLoop *= rEst;
      raw_printf(pArg->out,
          "         nLoop=%-8lld nRow=%-8lld estRow=%-8lld estRow/Loop=%-8g\n",
          nLoop, nVisit, (sqlite3_int64)(rEstLoop+0.5), rEst
      );
    }
  }
  raw_printf(pArg->out, "---------------------------\n");
#endif
}

/*
** Parameter azArray points to a zero-terminated array of strings. zStr
** points to a single nul-terminated string. Return non-zero if zStr
** is equal, according to strcmp(), to any of the strings in the array.
** Otherwise, return zero.
*/
static int str_in_array(const char *zStr, const char **azArray){
  int i;
  for(i=0; azArray[i]; i++){
    if( 0==strcmp(zStr, azArray[i]) ) return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If compiled statement pSql appears to be an EXPLAIN statement, allocate
** and populate the ShellState.aiIndent[] array with the number of
** spaces each opcode should be indented before it is output.
**
** The indenting rules are:
**
**     * For each "Next", "Prev", "VNext" or "VPrev" instruction, indent
**       all opcodes that occur between the p2 jump destination and the opcode
**       itself by 2 spaces.
**
**     * For each "Goto", if the jump destination is earlier in the program
**       and ends on one of:
**          Yield  SeekGt  SeekLt  RowSetRead  Rewind
**       or if the P1 parameter is one instead of zero,
**       then indent all opcodes between the earlier instruction
**       and "Goto" by 2 spaces.
*/
static void explain_data_prepare(ShellState *p, sqlite3_stmt *pSql){
  const char *zSql;               /* The text of the SQL statement */
  const char *z;                  /* Used to check if this is an EXPLAIN */
  int *abYield = 0;               /* True if op is an OP_Yield */
  int nAlloc = 0;                 /* Allocated size of p->aiIndent[], abYield */
  int iOp;                        /* Index of operation in p->aiIndent[] */

  const char *azNext[] = { "Next", "Prev", "VPrev", "VNext", "SorterNext",
                           "NextIfOpen", "PrevIfOpen", 0 };
  const char *azYield[] = { "Yield", "SeekLT", "SeekGT", "RowSetRead",
                            "Rewind", 0 };
  const char *azGoto[] = { "Goto", 0 };

  /* Try to figure out if this is really an EXPLAIN statement. If this
  ** cannot be verified, return early.  */
  if( sqlite3_column_count(pSql)!=8 ){
    p->cMode = p->mode;
    return;
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_sql(pSql);
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
  for(z=zSql; *z==' ' || *z=='\t' || *z=='\n' || *z=='\f' || *z=='\r'; z++);
  if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "explain", 7) ){
    p->cMode = p->mode;
    return;
  }

  for(iOp=0; SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql); iOp++){
    int i;
    int iAddr = sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 0);
    const char *zOp = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 1);

    /* Set p2 to the P2 field of the current opcode. Then, assuming that
    ** p2 is an instruction address, set variable p2op to the index of that
    ** instruction in the aiIndent[] array. p2 and p2op may be different if
    ** the current instruction is part of a sub-program generated by an
    ** SQL trigger or foreign key.  */
    int p2 = sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 3);
    int p2op = (p2 + (iOp-iAddr));

    /* Grow the p->aiIndent array as required */
    if( iOp>=nAlloc ){
      if( iOp==0 ){
        /* Do further verfication that this is explain output.  Abort if
        ** it is not */
        static const char *explainCols[] = {
           "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment" };
        int jj;
        for(jj=0; jj<ArraySize(explainCols); jj++){
          if( strcmp(sqlite3_column_name(pSql,jj),explainCols[jj])!=0 ){
            p->cMode = p->mode;
            sqlite3_reset(pSql);
            return;
          }
        }
      }
      nAlloc += 100;
      p->aiIndent = (int*)sqlite3_realloc64(p->aiIndent, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
      abYield = (int*)sqlite3_realloc64(abYield, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
    }
    abYield[iOp] = str_in_array(zOp, azYield);
    p->aiIndent[iOp] = 0;
    p->nIndent = iOp+1;

    if( str_in_array(zOp, azNext) ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
    if( str_in_array(zOp, azGoto) && p2op<p->nIndent
     && (abYield[p2op] || sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 2))
    ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
  }

  p->iIndent = 0;
  sqlite3_free(abYield);
  sqlite3_reset(pSql);
}

/*
** Free the array allocated by explain_data_prepare().
*/
static void explain_data_delete(ShellState *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->aiIndent);
  p->aiIndent = 0;
  p->nIndent = 0;
  p->iIndent = 0;
}

/*
** Disable and restore .wheretrace and .selecttrace settings.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
extern int sqlite3SelectTrace;
static int savedSelectTrace;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
extern int sqlite3WhereTrace;
static int savedWhereTrace;
#endif
static void disable_debug_trace_modes(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
  savedSelectTrace = sqlite3SelectTrace;
  sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
  savedWhereTrace = sqlite3WhereTrace;
  sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
}
static void restore_debug_trace_modes(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
  sqlite3SelectTrace = savedSelectTrace;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
  sqlite3WhereTrace = savedWhereTrace;
#endif
}

/*
** Run a prepared statement
*/
static void exec_prepared_stmt(
  ShellState *pArg,                                /* Pointer to ShellState */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,                             /* Statment to run */
  int (*xCallback)(void*,int,char**,char**,int*)   /* Callback function */
){
  int rc;

  /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
  ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
  */
  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  /* if we have a result set... */
  if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
    /* if we have a callback... */
    if( xCallback ){
      /* allocate space for col name ptr, value ptr, and type */
      int nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
      void *pData = sqlite3_malloc64(3*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
      if( !pData ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        char **azCols = (char **)pData;      /* Names of result columns */
        char **azVals = &azCols[nCol];       /* Results */
        int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
        int i, x;
        assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *));
        /* save off ptrs to column names */
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
        }
        do{
          /* extract the data and data types */
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            aiTypes[i] = x = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
            if( x==SQLITE_BLOB && pArg && pArg->cMode==MODE_Insert ){
              azVals[i] = "";
            }else{
              azVals[i] = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
            }
            if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
              rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
              break; /* from for */
            }
          } /* end for */

          /* if data and types extracted successfully... */
          if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
            /* call the supplied callback with the result row data */
            if( xCallback(pArg, nCol, azVals, azCols, aiTypes) ){
              rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
            }else{
              rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
            }
          }
        } while( SQLITE_ROW == rc );
        sqlite3_free(pData);
      }
    }else{
      do{
        rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
    }
  }
}

/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec()
** function except it takes a slightly different callback
** and callback data argument.
*/
static int shell_exec(
  sqlite3 *db,                              /* An open database */
  const char *zSql,                         /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*xCallback)(void*,int,char**,char**,int*),   /* Callback function */
                                            /* (not the same as sqlite3_exec) */
  ShellState *pArg,                         /* Pointer to ShellState */
  char **pzErrMsg                           /* Error msg written here */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL;     /* Statement to execute. */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int rc2;
  const char *zLeftover;          /* Tail of unprocessed SQL */

  if( pzErrMsg ){
    *pzErrMsg = NULL;
  }

  while( zSql[0] && (SQLITE_OK == rc) ){
    static const char *zStmtSql;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, &zLeftover);
    if( SQLITE_OK != rc ){
      if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }
    }else{
      if( !pStmt ){
        /* this happens for a comment or white-space */
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        continue;
      }
      zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
      if( zStmtSql==0 ) zStmtSql = "";
      while( IsSpace(zStmtSql[0]) ) zStmtSql++;

      /* save off the prepared statment handle and reset row count */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = pStmt;
        pArg->cnt = 0;
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && ShellHasFlag(pArg, SHFLG_Echo) ){
        utf8_printf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* Show the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN if .eqp is on */
      if( pArg && pArg->autoEQP && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%",zStmtSql,0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3_stmt *pExplain;
        char *zEQP;
        disable_debug_trace_modes();
        zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", zStmtSql);
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          while( sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"--EQP-- %d,",sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2));
            utf8_printf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=2 ){
          /* Also do an EXPLAIN for ".eqp full" mode */
          zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN %s", zStmtSql);
          rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
            explain_data_prepare(pArg, pExplain);
            exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pExplain, xCallback);
            explain_data_delete(pArg);
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
          sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        }
        restore_debug_trace_modes();
      }

      if( pArg ){
        pArg->cMode = pArg->mode;
        if( pArg->autoExplain
         && sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==8
         && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%", zStmtSql,0)==0
        ){
          pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
        }

        /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
        ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
        if( pArg->cMode==MODE_Explain ){
          explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
        }
      }

      exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pStmt, xCallback);
      explain_data_delete(pArg);

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* print loop-counters if required */
      if( pArg && pArg->scanstatsOn ){
        display_scanstats(db, pArg);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a
      ** copy of the error message. Otherwise, set zSql to point to the
      ** next statement to execute. */
      rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ) rc = rc2;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
      }else if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }

      /* clear saved stmt handle */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = NULL;
      }
    }
  } /* end while */

  return rc;
}

/*
** Release memory previously allocated by tableColumnList().
*/
static void freeColumnList(char **azCol){
  int i;
  for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
    sqlite3_free(azCol[i]);
  }
  /* azCol[0] is a static string */
  sqlite3_free(azCol);
}

/*
** Return a list of pointers to strings which are the names of all
** columns in table zTab.   The memory to hold the names is dynamically
** allocated and must be released by the caller using a subsequent call
** to freeColumnList().
**
** The azCol[0] entry is usually NULL.  However, if zTab contains a rowid
** value that needs to be preserved, then azCol[0] is filled in with the
** name of the rowid column.
**
** The first regular column in the table is azCol[1].  The list is terminated
** by an entry with azCol[i]==0.
*/
static char **tableColumnList(ShellState *p, const char *zTab){
  char **azCol = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  char *zSql;
  int nCol = 0;
  int nAlloc = 0;
  int nPK = 0;       /* Number of PRIMARY KEY columns seen */
  int isIPK = 0;     /* True if one PRIMARY KEY column of type INTEGER */
  int preserveRowid = ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid);
  int rc;

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA table_info=%Q", zTab);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ) return 0;
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( nCol>=nAlloc-2 ){
      nAlloc = nAlloc*2 + nCol + 10;
      azCol = sqlite3_realloc(azCol, nAlloc*sizeof(azCol[0]));
      if( azCol==0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
    }
    azCol[++nCol] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1));
    if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 5) ){
      nPK++;
      if( nPK==1
       && sqlite3_stricmp((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2),
                          "INTEGER")==0
      ){
        isIPK = 1;
      }else{
        isIPK = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  azCol[0] = 0;
  azCol[nCol+1] = 0;

  /* The decision of whether or not a rowid really needs to be preserved
  ** is tricky.  We never need to preserve a rowid for a WITHOUT ROWID table
  ** or a table with an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  We are unable to preserve
  ** rowids on tables where the rowid is inaccessible because there are other
  ** columns in the table named "rowid", "_rowid_", and "oid".
  */
  if( preserveRowid && isIPK ){
    /* If a single PRIMARY KEY column with type INTEGER was seen, then it
    ** might be an alise for the ROWID.  But it might also be a WITHOUT ROWID
    ** table or a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY DESC column, neither of which are
    ** ROWID aliases.  To distinguish these cases, check to see if
    ** there is a "pk" entry in "PRAGMA index_list".  There will be
    ** no "pk" index if the PRIMARY KEY really is an alias for the ROWID.
    */
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT 1 FROM pragma_index_list(%Q)"
                           " WHERE origin='pk'", zTab);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      freeColumnList(azCol);
      return 0;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    preserveRowid = rc==SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  if( preserveRowid ){
    /* Only preserve the rowid if we can find a name to use for the
    ** rowid */
    static char *azRowid[] = { "rowid", "_rowid_", "oid" };
    int i, j;
    for(j=0; j<3; j++){
      for(i=1; i<=nCol; i++){
        if( sqlite3_stricmp(azRowid[j],azCol[i])==0 ) break;
      }
      if( i>nCol ){
        /* At this point, we know that azRowid[j] is not the name of any
        ** ordinary column in the table.  Verify that azRowid[j] is a valid
        ** name for the rowid before adding it to azCol[0].  WITHOUT ROWID
        ** tables will fail this last check */
        rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(p->db,0,zTab,azRowid[j],0,0,0,0,0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) azCol[0] = azRowid[j];
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return azCol;
}

/*
** Toggle the reverse_unordered_selects setting.
*/
static void toggleSelectOrder(sqlite3 *db){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int iSetting = 0;
  char zStmt[100];
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects", -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    iSetting = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zStmt), zStmt,
       "PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects(%d)", !iSetting);
  sqlite3_exec(db, zStmt, 0, 0, 0);
}

/*
** This is a different callback routine used for dumping the database.
** Each row received by this callback consists of a table name,
** the table type ("index" or "table") and SQL to create the table.
** This routine should print text sufficient to recreate the table.
*/
static int dump_callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azNotUsed){
  int rc;
  const char *zTable;
  const char *zType;
  const char *zSql;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState *)pArg;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(azNotUsed);
  if( nArg!=3 || azArg==0 ) return 0;
  zTable = azArg[0];
  zType = azArg[1];
  zSql = azArg[2];

  if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n");
  }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sqlite_stat?", zTable)==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
  }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
    char *zIns;
    if( !p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 1;
    }
    zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
       "INSERT INTO sqlite_master(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
       "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
       zTable, zTable, zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
    sqlite3_free(zIns);
    return 0;
  }else{
    printSchemaLine(p->out, zSql, ";\n");
  }

  if( strcmp(zType, "table")==0 ){
    ShellText sSelect;
    ShellText sTable;
    char **azCol;
    int i;
    char *savedDestTable;
    int savedMode;

    azCol = tableColumnList(p, zTable);
    if( azCol==0 ){
      p->nErr++;
      return 0;
    }

    /* Always quote the table name, even if it appears to be pure ascii,
    ** in case it is a keyword. Ex:  INSERT INTO "table" ... */
    initText(&sTable);
    appendText(&sTable, zTable, quoteChar(zTable));
    /* If preserving the rowid, add a column list after the table name.
    ** In other words:  "INSERT INTO tab(rowid,a,b,c,...) VALUES(...)"
    ** instead of the usual "INSERT INTO tab VALUES(...)".
    */
    if( azCol[0] ){
      appendText(&sTable, "(", 0);
      appendText(&sTable, azCol[0], 0);
      for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
        appendText(&sTable, ",", 0);
        appendText(&sTable, azCol[i], quoteChar(azCol[i]));
      }
      appendText(&sTable, ")", 0);
    }

    /* Build an appropriate SELECT statement */
    initText(&sSelect);
    appendText(&sSelect, "SELECT ", 0);
    if( azCol[0] ){
      appendText(&sSelect, azCol[0], 0);
      appendText(&sSelect, ",", 0);
    }
    for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
      appendText(&sSelect, azCol[i], quoteChar(azCol[i]));
      if( azCol[i+1] ){
        appendText(&sSelect, ",", 0);
      }
    }
    freeColumnList(azCol);
    appendText(&sSelect, " FROM ", 0);
    appendText(&sSelect, zTable, quoteChar(zTable));

    savedDestTable = p->zDestTable;
    savedMode = p->mode;
    p->zDestTable = sTable.z;
    p->mode = p->cMode = MODE_Insert;
    rc = shell_exec(p->db, sSelect.z, shell_callback, p, 0);
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/****** CORRUPTION ERROR *******/\n");
      toggleSelectOrder(p->db);
      shell_exec(p->db, sSelect.z, shell_callback, p, 0);
      toggleSelectOrder(p->db);
    }
    p->zDestTable = savedDestTable;
    p->mode = savedMode;
    freeText(&sTable);
    freeText(&sSelect);
    if( rc ) p->nErr++;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Run zQuery.  Use dump_callback() as the callback routine so that
** the contents of the query are output as SQL statements.
**
** If we get a SQLITE_CORRUPT error, rerun the query after appending
** "ORDER BY rowid DESC" to the end.
*/
static int run_schema_dump_query(
  ShellState *p,
  const char *zQuery
){
  int rc;
  char *zErr = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQuery, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
  if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
    char *zQ2;
    int len = strlen30(zQuery);
    raw_printf(p->out, "/****** CORRUPTION ERROR *******/\n");
    if( zErr ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "/****** %s ******/\n", zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      zErr = 0;
    }
    zQ2 = malloc( len+100 );
    if( zQ2==0 ) return rc;
    sqlite3_snprintf(len+100, zQ2, "%s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zQuery);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQ2, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "/****** ERROR: %s ******/\n", zErr);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    free(zQ2);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Text of a help message
*/
static char zHelp[] =
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  ".auth ON|OFF           Show authorizer callbacks\n"
#endif
  ".backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default \"main\") to FILE\n"
  ".bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF\n"
  ".binary on|off         Turn binary output on or off.  Default OFF\n"
  ".cd DIRECTORY          Change the working directory to DIRECTORY\n"
  ".changes on|off        Show number of rows changed by SQL\n"
  ".check GLOB            Fail if output since .testcase does not match\n"
  ".clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database\n"
  ".databases             List names and files of attached databases\n"
  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off|full       Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".exit                  Exit this program\n"
/* Because explain mode comes on automatically now, the ".explain" mode
** is removed from the help screen.  It is still supported for legacy, however */
/*".explain ?on|off|auto? Turn EXPLAIN output mode on or off or to automatic\n"*/
  ".fullschema ?--indent? Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables\n"
  ".headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off\n"
  ".help                  Show this message\n"
  ".import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEST_CONTROL
  ".imposter INDEX TABLE  Create imposter table TABLE on index INDEX\n"
#endif
  ".indexes ?TABLE?       Show names of all indexes\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show indexes for tables\n"
  "                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  ".iotrace FILE          Enable I/O diagnostic logging to FILE\n"
#endif
  ".limit ?LIMIT? ?VAL?   Display or change the value of an SQLITE_LIMIT\n"
  ".lint OPTIONS          Report potential schema issues. Options:\n"
  "                         fkey-indexes     Find missing foreign key indexes\n"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  ".load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library\n"
#endif
  ".log FILE|off          Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout\n"
  ".mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:\n"
  "                         ascii    Columns/rows delimited by 0x1F and 0x1E\n"
  "                         csv      Comma-separated values\n"
  "                         column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)\n"
  "                         html     HTML <table> code\n"
  "                         insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE\n"
  "                         line     One value per line\n"
  "                         list     Values delimited by \"|\"\n"
  "                         quote    Escape answers as for SQL\n"
  "                         tabs     Tab-separated values\n"
  "                         tcl      TCL list elements\n"
  ".nullvalue STRING      Use STRING in place of NULL values\n"
  ".once FILENAME         Output for the next SQL command only to FILENAME\n"
  ".open ?OPTIONS? ?FILE? Close existing database and reopen FILE\n"
  "                         The --new option starts with an empty file\n"
  ".output ?FILENAME?     Send output to FILENAME or stdout\n"
  ".print STRING...       Print literal STRING\n"
  ".prompt MAIN CONTINUE  Replace the standard prompts\n"
  ".quit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
  ".restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default \"main\") from FILE\n"
  ".save FILE             Write in-memory database into FILE\n"
  ".scanstats on|off      Turn sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() metrics on or off\n"
  ".schema ?PATTERN?      Show the CREATE statements matching PATTERN\n"
  "                          Add --indent for pretty-printing\n"
  ".selftest ?--init?     Run tests defined in the SELFTEST table\n"
  ".separator COL ?ROW?   Change the column separator and optionally the row\n"
  "                         separator for both the output mode and .import\n"
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  ".session CMD ...       Create or control sessions\n"
#endif
  ".sha3sum ?OPTIONS...?  Compute a SHA3 hash of database content\n"
  ".shell CMD ARGS...     Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".show                  Show the current values for various settings\n"
  ".stats ?on|off?        Show stats or turn stats on or off\n"
  ".system CMD ARGS...    Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only list tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".testcase NAME         Begin redirecting output to 'testcase-out.txt'\n"
  ".timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
  ".timer on|off          Turn SQL timer on or off\n"
  ".trace FILE|off        Output each SQL statement as it is run\n"
  ".vfsinfo ?AUX?         Information about the top-level VFS\n"
  ".vfslist               List all available VFSes\n"
  ".vfsname ?AUX?         Print the name of the VFS stack\n"
  ".width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
  "                         Negative values right-justify\n"
;

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** Print help information for the ".sessions" command
*/
void session_help(ShellState *p){
  raw_printf(p->out,
    ".session ?NAME? SUBCOMMAND ?ARGS...?\n"
    "If ?NAME? is omitted, the first defined session is used.\n"
    "Subcommands:\n"
    "   attach TABLE             Attach TABLE\n"
    "   changeset FILE           Write a changeset into FILE\n"
    "   close                    Close one session\n"
    "   enable ?BOOLEAN?         Set or query the enable bit\n"
    "   filter GLOB...           Reject tables matching GLOBs\n"
    "   indirect ?BOOLEAN?       Mark or query the indirect status\n"
    "   isempty                  Query whether the session is empty\n"
    "   list                     List currently open session names\n"
    "   open DB NAME             Open a new session on DB\n"
    "   patchset FILE            Write a patchset into FILE\n"
  );
}
#endif


/* Forward reference */
static int process_input(ShellState *p, FILE *in);

/*
** Read the content of file zName into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc64()
** and return a pointer to the buffer. The caller is responsible for freeing
** the memory.
**
** If parameter pnByte is not NULL, (*pnByte) is set to the number of bytes
** read.
**
** For convenience, a nul-terminator byte is always appended to the data read
** from the file before the buffer is returned. This byte is not included in
** the final value of (*pnByte), if applicable.
**
** NULL is returned if any error is encountered. The final value of *pnByte
** is undefined in this case.
*/
static char *readFile(const char *zName, int *pnByte){
  FILE *in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  long nIn;
  size_t nRead;
  char *pBuf;
  if( in==0 ) return 0;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  pBuf = sqlite3_malloc64( nIn+1 );
  if( pBuf==0 ) return 0;
  nRead = fread(pBuf, nIn, 1, in);
  fclose(in);
  if( nRead!=1 ){
    sqlite3_free(pBuf);
    return 0;
  }
  pBuf[nIn] = 0;
  if( pnByte ) *pnByte = nIn;
  return pBuf;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** Close a single OpenSession object and release all of its associated
** resources.
*/
static void session_close(OpenSession *pSession){
  int i;
  sqlite3session_delete(pSession->p);
  sqlite3_free(pSession->zName);
  for(i=0; i<pSession->nFilter; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter);
  memset(pSession, 0, sizeof(OpenSession));
}
#endif

/*
** Close all OpenSession objects and release all associated resources.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
static void session_close_all(ShellState *p){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<p->nSession; i++){
    session_close(&p->aSession[i]);
  }
  p->nSession = 0;
}
#else
# define session_close_all(X)
#endif

/*
** Implementation of the xFilter function for an open session.  Omit
** any tables named by ".session filter" but let all other table through.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
static int session_filter(void *pCtx, const char *zTab){
  OpenSession *pSession = (OpenSession*)pCtx;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pSession->nFilter; i++){
    if( sqlite3_strglob(pSession->azFilter[i], zTab)==0 ) return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}
#endif

/*
** Make sure the database is open.  If it is not, then open it.  If
** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
*/
static void open_db(ShellState *p, int keepAlive){
  if( p->db==0 ){
    sqlite3_initialize();
    sqlite3_open(p->zDbFilename, &p->db);
    globalDb = p->db;
    if( p->db==0 || SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_errcode(p->db) ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: unable to open database \"%s\": %s\n",
          p->zDbFilename, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      if( keepAlive ) return;
      exit(1);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    sqlite3_enable_load_extension(p->db, 1);
#endif
    sqlite3_fileio_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_shathree_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_completion_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_create_function(p->db, "shell_add_schema", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                            shellAddSchemaName, 0, 0);
  }
}

#if HAVE_READLINE || HAVE_EDITLINE
/*
** Readline completion callbacks
*/
static char *readline_completion_generator(const char *text, int state){
  static sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  char *zRet;
  if( state==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase"
                           "  FROM completion(%Q) ORDER BY 1", text);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(globalDb, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    zRet = strdup((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
  }else{
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    zRet = 0;
  }
  return zRet;
}
static char **readline_completion(const char *zText, int iStart, int iEnd){
  rl_attempted_completion_over = 1;
  return rl_completion_matches(zText, readline_completion_generator);
}

#elif HAVE_LINENOISE
/*
** Linenoise completion callback
*/
static void linenoise_completion(const char *zLine, linenoiseCompletions *lc){
  int nLine = (int)strlen(zLine);
  int i, iStart;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  char *zSql;
  char zBuf[1000];

  if( nLine>sizeof(zBuf)-30 ) return;
  if( zLine[0]=='.' ) return;
  for(i=nLine-1; i>=0 && (isalnum(zLine[i]) || zLine[i]=='_'); i--){}
  if( i==nLine-1 ) return;
  iStart = i+1;
  memcpy(zBuf, zLine, iStart);
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase"
                         "  FROM completion(%Q,%Q) ORDER BY 1",
                         &zLine[iStart], zLine);
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(globalDb, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  sqlite3_exec(globalDb, "PRAGMA page_count", 0, 0, 0); /* Load the schema */
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zCompletion = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    int nCompletion = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0);
    if( iStart+nCompletion < sizeof(zBuf)-1 ){
      memcpy(zBuf+iStart, zCompletion, nCompletion+1);
      linenoiseAddCompletion(lc, zBuf);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif

/*
** Do C-language style dequoting.
**
**    \a    -> alarm
**    \b    -> backspace
**    \t    -> tab
**    \n    -> newline
**    \v    -> vertical tab
**    \f    -> form feed
**    \r    -> carriage return
**    \s    -> space
**    \"    -> "
**    \'    -> '
**    \\    -> backslash
**    \NNN  -> ascii character NNN in octal
*/
static void resolve_backslashes(char *z){
  int i, j;
  char c;
  while( *z && *z!='\\' ) z++;
  for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++, j++){
    if( c=='\\' && z[i+1]!=0 ){
      c = z[++i];
      if( c=='a' ){
        c = '\a';
      }else if( c=='b' ){
        c = '\b';
      }else if( c=='t' ){
        c = '\t';
      }else if( c=='n' ){
        c = '\n';
      }else if( c=='v' ){
        c = '\v';
      }else if( c=='f' ){
        c = '\f';
      }else if( c=='r' ){
        c = '\r';
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        c = '"';
      }else if( c=='\'' ){
        c = '\'';
      }else if( c=='\\' ){
        c = '\\';
      }else if( c>='0' && c<='7' ){
        c -= '0';
        if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
          i++;
          c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
            i++;
            c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          }
        }
      }
    }
    z[j] = c;
  }
  if( j<i ) z[j] = 0;
}

/*
** Return the value of a hexadecimal digit.  Return -1 if the input
** is not a hex digit.
*/
static int hexDigitValue(char c){
  if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) return c - '0';
  if( c>='a' && c<='f' ) return c - 'a' + 10;
  if( c>='A' && c<='F' ) return c - 'A' + 10;
  return -1;
}

/*
** Interpret zArg as an integer value, possibly with suffixes.
*/
static sqlite3_int64 integerValue(const char *zArg){
  sqlite3_int64 v = 0;
  static const struct { char *zSuffix; int iMult; } aMult[] = {
    { "KiB", 1024 },
    { "MiB", 1024*1024 },
    { "GiB", 1024*1024*1024 },
    { "KB",  1000 },
    { "MB",  1000000 },
    { "GB",  1000000000 },
    { "K",   1000 },
    { "M",   1000000 },
    { "G",   1000000000 },
  };
  int i;
  int isNeg = 0;
  if( zArg[0]=='-' ){
    isNeg = 1;
    zArg++;
  }else if( zArg[0]=='+' ){
    zArg++;
  }
  if( zArg[0]=='0' && zArg[1]=='x' ){
    int x;
    zArg += 2;
    while( (x = hexDigitValue(zArg[0]))>=0 ){
      v = (v<<4) + x;
      zArg++;
    }
  }else{
    while( IsDigit(zArg[0]) ){
      v = v*10 + zArg[0] - '0';
      zArg++;
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aMult); i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(aMult[i].zSuffix, zArg)==0 ){
      v *= aMult[i].iMult;
      break;
    }
  }
  return isNeg? -v : v;
}

/*
** Interpret zArg as either an integer or a boolean value.  Return 1 or 0
** for TRUE and FALSE.  Return the integer value if appropriate.
*/
static int booleanValue(const char *zArg){
  int i;
  if( zArg[0]=='0' && zArg[1]=='x' ){
    for(i=2; hexDigitValue(zArg[i])>=0; i++){}
  }else{
    for(i=0; zArg[i]>='0' && zArg[i]<='9'; i++){}
  }
  if( i>0 && zArg[i]==0 ) return (int)(integerValue(zArg) & 0xffffffff);
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zArg, "on")==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zArg,"yes")==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zArg, "off")==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zArg,"no")==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  utf8_printf(stderr, "ERROR: Not a boolean value: \"%s\". Assuming \"no\".\n",
          zArg);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set or clear a shell flag according to a boolean value.
*/
static void setOrClearFlag(ShellState *p, unsigned mFlag, const char *zArg){
  if( booleanValue(zArg) ){
    ShellSetFlag(p, mFlag);
  }else{
    ShellClearFlag(p, mFlag);
  }
}

/*
** Close an output file, assuming it is not stderr or stdout
*/
static void output_file_close(FILE *f){
  if( f && f!=stdout && f!=stderr ) fclose(f);
}

/*
** Try to open an output file.   The names "stdout" and "stderr" are
** recognized and do the right thing.  NULL is returned if the output
** filename is "off".
*/
static FILE *output_file_open(const char *zFile){
  FILE *f;
  if( strcmp(zFile,"stdout")==0 ){
    f = stdout;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "stderr")==0 ){
    f = stderr;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "off")==0 ){
    f = 0;
  }else{
    f = fopen(zFile, "wb");
    if( f==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
    }
  }
  return f;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE)
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
/*
** A routine for handling output from sqlite3_trace().
*/
static int sql_trace_callback(
  unsigned mType,
  void *pArg,
  void *pP,
  void *pX
){
  FILE *f = (FILE*)pArg;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(mType);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pP);
  if( f ){
    const char *z = (const char*)pX;
    int i = (int)strlen(z);
    while( i>0 && z[i-1]==';' ){ i--; }
    utf8_printf(f, "%.*s;\n", i, z);
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif
#endif

/*
** A no-op routine that runs with the ".breakpoint" doc-command.  This is
** a useful spot to set a debugger breakpoint.
*/
static void test_breakpoint(void){
  static int nCall = 0;
  nCall++;
}

/*
** An object used to read a CSV and other files for import.
*/
typedef struct ImportCtx ImportCtx;
struct ImportCtx {
  const char *zFile;  /* Name of the input file */
  FILE *in;           /* Read the CSV text from this input stream */
  char *z;            /* Accumulated text for a field */
  int n;              /* Number of bytes in z */
  int nAlloc;         /* Space allocated for z[] */
  int nLine;          /* Current line number */
  int bNotFirst;      /* True if one or more bytes already read */
  int cTerm;          /* Character that terminated the most recent field */
  int cColSep;        /* The column separator character.  (Usually ",") */
  int cRowSep;        /* The row separator character.  (Usually "\n") */
};

/* Append a single byte to z[] */
static void import_append_char(ImportCtx *p, int c){
  if( p->n+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc += p->nAlloc + 100;
    p->z = sqlite3_realloc64(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
  p->z[p->n++] = (char)c;
}

/* Read a single field of CSV text.  Compatible with rfc4180 and extended
** with the option of having a separator other than ",".
**
**   +  Input comes from p->in.
**   +  Store results in p->z of length p->n.  Space to hold p->z comes
**      from sqlite3_malloc64().
**   +  Use p->cSep as the column separator.  The default is ",".
**   +  Use p->rSep as the row separator.  The default is "\n".
**   +  Keep track of the line number in p->nLine.
**   +  Store the character that terminates the field in p->cTerm.  Store
**      EOF on end-of-file.
**   +  Report syntax errors on stderr
*/
static char *SQLITE_CDECL csv_read_one_field(ImportCtx *p){
  int c;
  int cSep = p->cColSep;
  int rSep = p->cRowSep;
  p->n = 0;
  c = fgetc(p->in);
  if( c==EOF || seenInterrupt ){
    p->cTerm = EOF;
    return 0;
  }
  if( c=='"' ){
    int pc, ppc;
    int startLine = p->nLine;
    int cQuote = c;
    pc = ppc = 0;
    while( 1 ){
      c = fgetc(p->in);
      if( c==rSep ) p->nLine++;
      if( c==cQuote ){
        if( pc==cQuote ){
          pc = 0;
          continue;
        }
      }
      if( (c==cSep && pc==cQuote)
       || (c==rSep && pc==cQuote)
       || (c==rSep && pc=='\r' && ppc==cQuote)
       || (c==EOF && pc==cQuote)
      ){
        do{ p->n--; }while( p->z[p->n]!=cQuote );
        p->cTerm = c;
        break;
      }
      if( pc==cQuote && c!='\r' ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: unescaped %c character\n",
                p->zFile, p->nLine, cQuote);
      }
      if( c==EOF ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: unterminated %c-quoted field\n",
                p->zFile, startLine, cQuote);
        p->cTerm = c;
        break;
      }
      import_append_char(p, c);
      ppc = pc;
      pc = c;
    }
  }else{
    /* If this is the first field being parsed and it begins with the
    ** UTF-8 BOM  (0xEF BB BF) then skip the BOM */
    if( (c&0xff)==0xef && p->bNotFirst==0 ){
      import_append_char(p, c);
      c = fgetc(p->in);
      if( (c&0xff)==0xbb ){
        import_append_char(p, c);
        c = fgetc(p->in);
        if( (c&0xff)==0xbf ){
          p->bNotFirst = 1;
          p->n = 0;
          return csv_read_one_field(p);
        }
      }
    }
    while( c!=EOF && c!=cSep && c!=rSep ){
      import_append_char(p, c);
      c = fgetc(p->in);
    }
    if( c==rSep ){
      p->nLine++;
      if( p->n>0 && p->z[p->n-1]=='\r' ) p->n--;
    }
    p->cTerm = c;
  }
  if( p->z ) p->z[p->n] = 0;
  p->bNotFirst = 1;
  return p->z;
}

/* Read a single field of ASCII delimited text.
**
**   +  Input comes from p->in.
**   +  Store results in p->z of length p->n.  Space to hold p->z comes
**      from sqlite3_malloc64().
**   +  Use p->cSep as the column separator.  The default is "\x1F".
**   +  Use p->rSep as the row separator.  The default is "\x1E".
**   +  Keep track of the row number in p->nLine.
**   +  Store the character that terminates the field in p->cTerm.  Store
**      EOF on end-of-file.
**   +  Report syntax errors on stderr
*/
static char *SQLITE_CDECL ascii_read_one_field(ImportCtx *p){
  int c;
  int cSep = p->cColSep;
  int rSep = p->cRowSep;
  p->n = 0;
  c = fgetc(p->in);
  if( c==EOF || seenInterrupt ){
    p->cTerm = EOF;
    return 0;
  }
  while( c!=EOF && c!=cSep && c!=rSep ){
    import_append_char(p, c);
    c = fgetc(p->in);
  }
  if( c==rSep ){
    p->nLine++;
  }
  p->cTerm = c;
  if( p->z ) p->z[p->n] = 0;
  return p->z;
}

/*
** Try to transfer data for table zTable.  If an error is seen while
** moving forward, try to go backwards.  The backwards movement won't
** work for WITHOUT ROWID tables.
*/
static void tryToCloneData(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zTable
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  char *zInsert = 0;
  int rc;
  int i, j, n;
  int nTable = (int)strlen(zTable);
  int k = 0;
  int cnt = 0;
  const int spinRate = 10000;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM \"%w\"", zTable);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pQuery);
  zInsert = sqlite3_malloc64(200 + nTable + n*3);
  if( zInsert==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(200+nTable,zInsert,
                   "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO \"%s\" VALUES(?", zTable);
  i = (int)strlen(zInsert);
  for(j=1; j<n; j++){
    memcpy(zInsert+i, ",?", 2);
    i += 2;
  }
  memcpy(zInsert+i, ");", 3);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(newDb, zInsert, -1, &pInsert, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(newDb), sqlite3_errmsg(newDb),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  for(k=0; k<2; k++){
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        switch( sqlite3_column_type(pQuery, i) ){
          case SQLITE_NULL: {
            sqlite3_bind_null(pInsert, i+1);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
            sqlite3_bind_int64(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_int64(pQuery,i));
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
            sqlite3_bind_double(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_double(pQuery,i));
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_TEXT: {
            sqlite3_bind_text(pInsert, i+1,
                             (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pQuery,i),
                             -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_BLOB: {
            sqlite3_bind_blob(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_blob(pQuery,i),
                                            sqlite3_column_bytes(pQuery,i),
                                            SQLITE_STATIC);
            break;
          }
        }
      } /* End for */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s\n", sqlite3_extended_errcode(newDb),
                        sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
      }
      sqlite3_reset(pInsert);
      cnt++;
      if( (cnt%spinRate)==0 ){
        printf("%c\b", "|/-\\"[(cnt/spinRate)%4]);
        fflush(stdout);
      }
    } /* End while */
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) break;
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM \"%w\" ORDER BY rowid DESC;",
                             zTable);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Warning: cannot step \"%s\" backwards", zTable);
      break;
    }
  } /* End for(k=0...) */

end_data_xfer:
  sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
  sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
  sqlite3_free(zQuery);
  sqlite3_free(zInsert);
}


/*
** Try to transfer all rows of the schema that match zWhere.  For
** each row, invoke xForEach() on the object defined by that row.
** If an error is encountered while moving forward through the
** sqlite_master table, try again moving backwards.
*/
static void tryToCloneSchema(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zWhere,
  void (*xForEach)(ShellState*,sqlite3*,const char*)
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  int rc;
  const unsigned char *zName;
  const unsigned char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE %s", zWhere);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                    sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                    zQuery);
    goto end_schema_xfer;
  }
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    zName = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
    zSql = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 1);
    printf("%s... ", zName); fflush(stdout);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, (const char*)zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\nSQL: [%s]\n", zErrMsg, zSql);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      zErrMsg = 0;
    }
    if( xForEach ){
      xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
    }
    printf("done\n");
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                             " WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zWhere);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                      sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                      zQuery);
      goto end_schema_xfer;
    }
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      zName = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
      zSql = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 1);
      printf("%s... ", zName); fflush(stdout);
      sqlite3_exec(newDb, (const char*)zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
      if( zErrMsg ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\nSQL: [%s]\n", zErrMsg, zSql);
        sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
        zErrMsg = 0;
      }
      if( xForEach ){
        xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
      }
      printf("done\n");
    }
  }
end_schema_xfer:
  sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
  sqlite3_free(zQuery);
}

/*
** Open a new database file named "zNewDb".  Try to recover as much information
** as possible out of the main database (which might be corrupt) and write it
** into zNewDb.
*/
static void tryToClone(ShellState *p, const char *zNewDb){
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *newDb = 0;
  if( access(zNewDb,0)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "File \"%s\" already exists.\n", zNewDb);
    return;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zNewDb, &newDb);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Cannot create output database: %s\n",
            sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
  }else{
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;", 0, 0, 0);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type='table'", tryToCloneData);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type!='table'", 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "COMMIT;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_close(newDb);
}

/*
** Change the output file back to stdout
*/
static void output_reset(ShellState *p){
  if( p->outfile[0]=='|' ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
    pclose(p->out);
#endif
  }else{
    output_file_close(p->out);
  }
  p->outfile[0] = 0;
  p->out = stdout;
}

/*
** Run an SQL command and return the single integer result.
*/
static int db_int(ShellState *p, const char *zSql){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  int res = 0;
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( pStmt && sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    res = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt,0);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  return res;
}

/*
** Convert a 2-byte or 4-byte big-endian integer into a native integer
*/
static unsigned int get2byteInt(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<8) + a[1];
}
static unsigned int get4byteInt(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<24) + (a[1]<<16) + (a[2]<<8) + a[3];
}

/*
** Implementation of the ".info" command.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int shell_dbinfo_command(ShellState *p, int nArg, char **azArg){
  static const struct { const char *zName; int ofst; } aField[] = {
     { "file change counter:",  24  },
     { "database page count:",  28  },
     { "freelist page count:",  36  },
     { "schema cookie:",        40  },
     { "schema format:",        44  },
     { "default cache size:",   48  },
     { "autovacuum top root:",  52  },
     { "incremental vacuum:",   64  },
     { "text encoding:",        56  },
     { "user version:",         60  },
     { "application id:",       68  },
     { "software version:",     96  },
  };
  static const struct { const char *zName; const char *zSql; } aQuery[] = {
     { "number of tables:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='table'" },
     { "number of indexes:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='index'" },
     { "number of triggers:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='trigger'" },
     { "number of views:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='view'" },
     { "schema size:",
       "SELECT total(length(sql)) FROM %s" },
  };
  sqlite3_file *pFile = 0;
  int i;
  char *zSchemaTab;
  char *zDb = nArg>=2 ? azArg[1] : "main";
  unsigned char aHdr[100];
  open_db(p, 0);
  if( p->db==0 ) return 1;
  sqlite3_file_control(p->db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER, &pFile);
  if( pFile==0 || pFile->pMethods==0 || pFile->pMethods->xRead==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  i = pFile->pMethods->xRead(pFile, aHdr, 100, 0);
  if( i!=SQLITE_OK ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "unable to read database header\n");
    return 1;
  }
  i = get2byteInt(aHdr+16);
  if( i==1 ) i = 65536;
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "database page size:", i);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "write format:", aHdr[18]);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "read format:", aHdr[19]);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "reserved bytes:", aHdr[20]);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aField); i++){
    int ofst = aField[i].ofst;
    unsigned int val = get4byteInt(aHdr + ofst);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %u", aField[i].zName, val);
    switch( ofst ){
      case 56: {
        if( val==1 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf8)");
        if( val==2 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16le)");
        if( val==3 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16be)");
      }
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  }
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_master");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_master");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_master", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aQuery); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSchemaTab);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Print the current sqlite3_errmsg() value to stderr and return 1.
*/
static int shellDatabaseError(sqlite3 *db){
  const char *zErr = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErr);
  return 1;
}

/*
** Print an out-of-memory message to stderr and return 1.
*/
static int shellNomemError(void){
  raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
  return 1;
}

/*
** Compare the pattern in zGlob[] against the text in z[].  Return TRUE
** if they match and FALSE (0) if they do not match.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
**     [...]      Matches one character from the enclosed list of
**                characters.
**
**     [^...]     Matches one character not in the enclosed list.
**
**      '#'       Matches any sequence of one or more digits with an
**                optional + or - sign in front
**
**      ' '       Any span of whitespace matches any other span of
**                whitespace.
**
** Extra whitespace at the end of z[] is ignored.
*/
static int testcase_glob(const char *zGlob, const char *z){
  int c, c2;
  int invert;
  int seen;

  while( (c = (*(zGlob++)))!=0 ){
    if( IsSpace(c) ){
      if( !IsSpace(*z) ) return 0;
      while( IsSpace(*zGlob) ) zGlob++;
      while( IsSpace(*z) ) z++;
    }else if( c=='*' ){
      while( (c=(*(zGlob++))) == '*' || c=='?' ){
        if( c=='?' && (*(z++))==0 ) return 0;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;
      }else if( c=='[' ){
        while( *z && testcase_glob(zGlob-1,z)==0 ){
          z++;
        }
        return (*z)!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = (*(z++)))!=0 ){
        while( c2!=c ){
          c2 = *(z++);
          if( c2==0 ) return 0;
        }
        if( testcase_glob(zGlob,z) ) return 1;
      }
      return 0;
    }else if( c=='?' ){
      if( (*(z++))==0 ) return 0;
    }else if( c=='[' ){
      int prior_c = 0;
      seen = 0;
      invert = 0;
      c = *(z++);
      if( c==0 ) return 0;
      c2 = *(zGlob++);
      if( c2=='^' ){
        invert = 1;
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      if( c2==']' ){
        if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      while( c2 && c2!=']' ){
        if( c2=='-' && zGlob[0]!=']' && zGlob[0]!=0 && prior_c>0 ){
          c2 = *(zGlob++);
          if( c>=prior_c && c<=c2 ) seen = 1;
          prior_c = 0;
        }else{
          if( c==c2 ){
            seen = 1;
          }
          prior_c = c2;
        }
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ) return 0;
    }else if( c=='#' ){
      if( (z[0]=='-' || z[0]=='+') && IsDigit(z[1]) ) z++;
      if( !IsDigit(z[0]) ) return 0;
      z++;
      while( IsDigit(z[0]) ){ z++; }
    }else{
      if( c!=(*(z++)) ) return 0;
    }
  }
  while( IsSpace(*z) ){ z++; }
  return *z==0;
}


/*
** Compare the string as a command-line option with either one or two
** initial "-" characters.
*/
static int optionMatch(const char *zStr, const char *zOpt){
  if( zStr[0]!='-' ) return 0;
  zStr++;
  if( zStr[0]=='-' ) zStr++;
  return strcmp(zStr, zOpt)==0;
}

/*
** Delete a file.
*/
int shellDeleteFile(const char *zFilename){
  int rc;
#ifdef _WIN32
  wchar_t *z = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(zFilename);
  rc = _wunlink(z);
  sqlite3_free(z);
#else
  rc = unlink(zFilename);
#endif
  return rc;
}


/*
** The implementation of SQL scalar function fkey_collate_clause(), used
** by the ".lint fkey-indexes" command. This scalar function is always
** called with four arguments - the parent table name, the parent column name,
** the child table name and the child column name.
**
**   fkey_collate_clause('parent-tab', 'parent-col', 'child-tab', 'child-col')
**
** If either of the named tables or columns do not exist, this function
** returns an empty string. An empty string is also returned if both tables
** and columns exist but have the same default collation sequence. Or,
** if both exist but the default collation sequences are different, this
** function returns the string " COLLATE <parent-collation>", where
** <parent-collation> is the default collation sequence of the parent column.
*/
static void shellFkeyCollateClause(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(pCtx);
  const char *zParent;
  const char *zParentCol;
  const char *zParentSeq;
  const char *zChild;
  const char *zChildCol;
  const char *zChildSeq = 0;  /* Initialize to avoid false-positive warning */
  int rc;

  assert( nVal==4 );
  zParent = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);
  zParentCol = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  zChild = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[2]);
  zChildCol = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[3]);

  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
      db, "main", zParent, zParentCol, 0, &zParentSeq, 0, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
        db, "main", zChild, zChildCol, 0, &zChildSeq, 0, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_stricmp(zParentSeq, zChildSeq) ){
    char *z = sqlite3_mprintf(" COLLATE %s", zParentSeq);
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
}


/*
** The implementation of dot-command ".lint fkey-indexes".
*/
static int lintFkeyIndexes(
  ShellState *pState,             /* Current shell tool state */
  char **azArg,                   /* Array of arguments passed to dot command */
  int nArg                        /* Number of entries in azArg[] */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pState->db;       /* Database handle to query "main" db of */
  FILE *out = pState->out;        /* Stream to write non-error output to */
  int bVerbose = 0;               /* If -verbose is present */
  int bGroupByParent = 0;         /* If -groupbyparent is present */
  int i;                          /* To iterate through azArg[] */
  const char *zIndent = "";       /* How much to indent CREATE INDEX by */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSql = 0;         /* Compiled version of SQL statement below */

  /*
  ** This SELECT statement returns one row for each foreign key constraint
  ** in the schema of the main database. The column values are:
  **
  ** 0. The text of an SQL statement similar to:
  **
  **      "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM child_table WHERE child_key=?"
  **
  **    This is the same SELECT that the foreign keys implementation needs
  **    to run internally on child tables. If there is an index that can
  **    be used to optimize this query, then it can also be used by the FK
  **    implementation to optimize DELETE or UPDATE statements on the parent
  **    table.
  **
  ** 1. A GLOB pattern suitable for sqlite3_strglob(). If the plan output by
  **    the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN command matches this pattern, then the schema
  **    contains an index that can be used to optimize the query.
  **
  ** 2. Human readable text that describes the child table and columns. e.g.
  **
  **       "child_table(child_key1, child_key2)"
  **
  ** 3. Human readable text that describes the parent table and columns. e.g.
  **
  **       "parent_table(parent_key1, parent_key2)"
  **
  ** 4. A full CREATE INDEX statement for an index that could be used to
  **    optimize DELETE or UPDATE statements on the parent table. e.g.
  **
  **       "CREATE INDEX child_table_child_key ON child_table(child_key)"
  **
  ** 5. The name of the parent table.
  **
  ** These six values are used by the C logic below to generate the report.
  */
  const char *zSql =
  "SELECT "
    "     'EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM ' || quote(s.name) || ' WHERE '"
    "  || group_concat(quote(s.name) || '.' || quote(f.[from]) || '=?' "
    "  || fkey_collate_clause("
    "       f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]),' AND ')"
    ", "
    "     'SEARCH TABLE ' || s.name || ' USING COVERING INDEX*('"
    "  || group_concat('*=?', ' AND ') || ')'"
    ", "
    "     s.name  || '(' || group_concat(f.[from],  ', ') || ')'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] || '(' || group_concat(COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name])) || ')'"
    ", "
    "     'CREATE INDEX ' || quote(s.name ||'_'|| group_concat(f.[from], '_'))"
    "  || ' ON ' || quote(s.name) || '('"
    "  || group_concat(quote(f.[from]) ||"
    "        fkey_collate_clause("
    "          f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]), ', ')"
    "  || ');'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] "
    "FROM sqlite_master AS s, pragma_foreign_key_list(s.name) AS f "
    "LEFT JOIN pragma_table_info AS p ON (pk-1=seq AND p.arg=f.[table]) "
    "GROUP BY s.name, f.id "
    "ORDER BY (CASE WHEN ? THEN f.[table] ELSE s.name END)"
  ;
  const char *zGlobIPK = "SEARCH TABLE * USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)";

  for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
    int n = (int)strlen(azArg[i]);
    if( n>1 && sqlite3_strnicmp("-verbose", azArg[i], n)==0 ){
      bVerbose = 1;
    }
    else if( n>1 && sqlite3_strnicmp("-groupbyparent", azArg[i], n)==0 ){
      bGroupByParent = 1;
      zIndent = "    ";
    }
    else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: %s %s ?-verbose? ?-groupbyparent?\n",
          azArg[0], azArg[1]
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }

  /* Register the fkey_collate_clause() SQL function */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "fkey_collate_clause", 4, SQLITE_UTF8,
      0, shellFkeyCollateClause, 0, 0
  );


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pSql, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_int(pSql, 1, bGroupByParent);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    char *zPrev = 0;
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql) ){
      int res = -1;
      sqlite3_stmt *pExplain = 0;
      const char *zEQP = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
      const char *zGlob = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 1);
      const char *zFrom = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 2);
      const char *zTarget = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 3);
      const char *zCI = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 4);
      const char *zParent = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 5);

      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pExplain) ){
        const char *zPlan = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3);
        res = (
              0==sqlite3_strglob(zGlob, zPlan)
           || 0==sqlite3_strglob(zGlobIPK, zPlan)
        );
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      if( res<0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: internal error");
        break;
      }else{
        if( bGroupByParent
        && (bVerbose || res==0)
        && (zPrev==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zParent, zPrev))
        ){
          raw_printf(out, "-- Parent table %s\n", zParent);
          sqlite3_free(zPrev);
          zPrev = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zParent);
        }

        if( res==0 ){
          raw_printf(out, "%s%s --> %s\n", zIndent, zCI, zTarget);
        }else if( bVerbose ){
          raw_printf(out, "%s/* no extra indexes required for %s -> %s */\n",
              zIndent, zFrom, zTarget
          );
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zPrev);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }

    rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pSql);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
      raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }else{
    raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of ".lint" dot command.
*/
static int lintDotCommand(
  ShellState *pState,             /* Current shell tool state */
  char **azArg,                   /* Array of arguments passed to dot command */
  int nArg                        /* Number of entries in azArg[] */
){
  int n;
  n = (nArg>=2 ? (int)strlen(azArg[1]) : 0);
  if( n<1 || sqlite3_strnicmp(azArg[1], "fkey-indexes", n) ) goto usage;
  return lintFkeyIndexes(pState, azArg, nArg);

 usage:
  raw_printf(stderr, "Usage %s sub-command ?switches...?\n", azArg[0]);
  raw_printf(stderr, "Where sub-commands are:\n");
  raw_printf(stderr, "    fkey-indexes\n");
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}


/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int do_meta_command(char *zLine, ShellState *p){
  int h = 1;
  int nArg = 0;
  int n, c;
  int rc = 0;
  char *azArg[50];

  /* Parse the input line into tokens.
  */
  while( zLine[h] && nArg<ArraySize(azArg) ){
    while( IsSpace(zLine[h]) ){ h++; }
    if( zLine[h]==0 ) break;
    if( zLine[h]=='\'' || zLine[h]=='"' ){
      int delim = zLine[h++];
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[h];
      while( zLine[h] && zLine[h]!=delim ){
        if( zLine[h]=='\\' && delim=='"' && zLine[h+1]!=0 ) h++;
        h++;
      }
      if( zLine[h]==delim ){
        zLine[h++] = 0;
      }
      if( delim=='"' ) resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }else{
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[h];
      while( zLine[h] && !IsSpace(zLine[h]) ){ h++; }
      if( zLine[h] ) zLine[h++] = 0;
      resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }
  }

  /* Process the input line.
  */
  if( nArg==0 ) return 0; /* no tokens, no error */
  n = strlen30(azArg[0]);
  c = azArg[0][0];

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( c=='a' && strncmp(azArg[0], "auth", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .auth ON|OFF\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( booleanValue(azArg[1]) ){
      sqlite3_set_authorizer(p->db, shellAuth, p);
    }else{
      sqlite3_set_authorizer(p->db, 0, 0);
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( (c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "backup", n)==0)
   || (c=='s' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "save", n)==0)
  ){
    const char *zDestFile = 0;
    const char *zDb = 0;
    sqlite3 *pDest;
    sqlite3_backup *pBackup;
    int j;
    for(j=1; j<nArg; j++){
      const char *z = azArg[j];
      if( z[0]=='-' ){
        while( z[0]=='-' ) z++;
        /* No options to process at this time */
        {
          utf8_printf(stderr, "unknown option: %s\n", azArg[j]);
          return 1;
        }
      }else if( zDestFile==0 ){
        zDestFile = azArg[j];
      }else if( zDb==0 ){
        zDb = zDestFile;
        zDestFile = azArg[j];
      }else{
        raw_printf(stderr, "too many arguments to .backup\n");
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( zDestFile==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "missing FILENAME argument on .backup\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( zDb==0 ) zDb = "main";
    rc = sqlite3_open(zDestFile, &pDest);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zDestFile);
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    pBackup = sqlite3_backup_init(pDest, "main", p->db, zDb);
    if( pBackup==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    while(  (rc = sqlite3_backup_step(pBackup,100))==SQLITE_OK ){}
    sqlite3_backup_finish(pBackup);
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = 0;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_close(pDest);
  }else

  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "bail", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      bail_on_error = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .bail on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "binary", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      if( booleanValue(azArg[1]) ){
        setBinaryMode(p->out, 1);
      }else{
        setTextMode(p->out, 1);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .binary on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='c' && strcmp(azArg[0],"cd")==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
      wchar_t *z = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(azArg[1]);
      rc = !SetCurrentDirectoryW(z);
      sqlite3_free(z);
#else
      rc = chdir(azArg[1]);
#endif
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Cannot change to directory \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .cd DIRECTORY\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  /* The undocumented ".breakpoint" command causes a call to the no-op
  ** routine named test_breakpoint().
  */
  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "breakpoint", n)==0 ){
    test_breakpoint();
  }else

  if( c=='c' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "changes", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      setOrClearFlag(p, SHFLG_CountChanges, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .changes on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  /* Cancel output redirection, if it is currently set (by .testcase)
  ** Then read the content of the testcase-out.txt file and compare against
  ** azArg[1].  If there are differences, report an error and exit.
  */
  if( c=='c' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "check", n)==0 ){
    char *zRes = 0;
    output_reset(p);
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .check GLOB-PATTERN\n");
      rc = 2;
    }else if( (zRes = readFile("testcase-out.txt", 0))==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot read 'testcase-out.txt'\n");
      rc = 2;
    }else if( testcase_glob(azArg[1],zRes)==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,
                 "testcase-%s FAILED\n Expected: [%s]\n      Got: [%s]\n",
                 p->zTestcase, azArg[1], zRes);
      rc = 2;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stdout, "testcase-%s ok\n", p->zTestcase);
      p->nCheck++;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zRes);
  }else

  if( c=='c' && strncmp(azArg[0], "clone", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      tryToClone(p, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .clone FILENAME\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_List;
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.colSeparator),data.colSeparator,": ");
    data.cnt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT name, file FROM pragma_database_list",
                 callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dbinfo", n)==0 ){
    rc = shell_dbinfo_command(p, nArg, azArg);
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 ){
    const char *zLike = 0;
    int i;
    int savedShowHeader = p->showHeader;
    ShellClearFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid|SHFLG_Newlines);
    for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
      if( azArg[i][0]=='-' ){
        const char *z = azArg[i]+1;
        if( z[0]=='-' ) z++;
        if( strcmp(z,"preserve-rowids")==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
          raw_printf(stderr, "The --preserve-rowids option is not compatible"
                             " with SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE\n");
          rc = 1;
          goto meta_command_exit;
#else
          ShellSetFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid);
#endif
        }else
        if( strcmp(z,"newlines")==0 ){
          ShellSetFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines);
        }else
        {
          raw_printf(stderr, "Unknown option \"%s\" on \".dump\"\n", azArg[i]);
          rc = 1;
          goto meta_command_exit;
        }
      }else if( zLike ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .dump ?--preserve-rowids? "
                           "?--newlines? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }else{
        zLike = azArg[i];
      }
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    /* When playing back a "dump", the content might appear in an order
    ** which causes immediate foreign key constraints to be violated.
    ** So disable foreign-key constraint enforcement to prevent problems. */
    raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;\n");
    raw_printf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
    p->writableSchema = 0;
    p->showHeader = 0;
    /* Set writable_schema=ON since doing so forces SQLite to initialize
    ** as much of the schema as it can even if the sqlite_master table is
    ** corrupt. */
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SAVEPOINT dump; PRAGMA writable_schema=ON", 0, 0, 0);
    p->nErr = 0;
    if( zLike==0 ){
      run_schema_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type=='table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_schema_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE name=='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_table_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')", 0
      );
    }else{
      char *zSql;
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE tbl_name LIKE %Q AND type=='table'"
        "  AND sql NOT NULL", zLike);
      run_schema_dump_query(p,zSql);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL"
        "  AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')"
        "  AND tbl_name LIKE %Q", zLike);
      run_table_dump_query(p, zSql, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
    if( p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE dump;", 0, 0, 0);
    raw_printf(p->out, p->nErr ? "ROLLBACK; -- due to errors\n" : "COMMIT;\n");
    p->showHeader = savedShowHeader;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      setOrClearFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .echo on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "eqp", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"full")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = 2;
      }else{
        p->autoEQP = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp on|off|full\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  /* The ".explain" command is automatic now.  It is largely pointless.  It
  ** retained purely for backwards compatibility */
  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 ){
    int val = 1;
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"auto")==0 ){
        val = 99;
      }else{
        val =  booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }
    if( val==1 && p->mode!=MODE_Explain ){
      p->normalMode = p->mode;
      p->mode = MODE_Explain;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==0 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==99 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='f' && strncmp(azArg[0], "fullschema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    int doStats = 0;
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    if( nArg==2 && optionMatch(azArg[1], "indent") ){
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Pretty;
      nArg = 1;
    }
    if( nArg!=1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .fullschema ?--indent?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
       callback, &data, &zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
               "SELECT rowid FROM sqlite_master"
               " WHERE name GLOB 'sqlite_stat[134]'",
               -1, &pStmt, 0);
      doStats = sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_master'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat3";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat3",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat4",
                 shell_callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .headers on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "help", n)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", zHelp);
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 ){
    char *zTable;               /* Insert data into this table */
    char *zFile;                /* Name of file to extra content from */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL; /* A statement */
    int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the table */
    int nByte;                  /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
    int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
    int needCommit;             /* True to COMMIT or ROLLBACK at end */
    int nSep;                   /* Number of bytes in p->colSeparator[] */
    char *zSql;                 /* An SQL statement */
    ImportCtx sCtx;             /* Reader context */
    char *(SQLITE_CDECL *xRead)(ImportCtx*); /* Func to read one value */
    int (SQLITE_CDECL *xCloser)(FILE*);      /* Func to close file */

    if( nArg!=3 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .import FILE TABLE\n");
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zFile = azArg[1];
    zTable = azArg[2];
    seenInterrupt = 0;
    memset(&sCtx, 0, sizeof(sCtx));
    open_db(p, 0);
    nSep = strlen30(p->colSeparator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr,
                 "Error: non-null column separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( nSep>1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: multi-character column separators not allowed"
                      " for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    nSep = strlen30(p->rowSeparator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: non-null row separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( nSep==2 && p->mode==MODE_Csv && strcmp(p->rowSeparator, SEP_CrLf)==0 ){
      /* When importing CSV (only), if the row separator is set to the
      ** default output row separator, change it to the default input
      ** row separator.  This avoids having to maintain different input
      ** and output row separators. */
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
      nSep = strlen30(p->rowSeparator);
    }
    if( nSep>1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: multi-character row separators not allowed"
                      " for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.zFile = zFile;
    sCtx.nLine = 1;
    if( sCtx.zFile[0]=='|' ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: pipes are not supported in this OS\n");
      return 1;
#else
      sCtx.in = popen(sCtx.zFile+1, "r");
      sCtx.zFile = "<pipe>";
      xCloser = pclose;
#endif
    }else{
      sCtx.in = fopen(sCtx.zFile, "rb");
      xCloser = fclose;
    }
    if( p->mode==MODE_Ascii ){
      xRead = ascii_read_one_field;
    }else{
      xRead = csv_read_one_field;
    }
    if( sCtx.in==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.cColSep = p->colSeparator[0];
    sCtx.cRowSep = p->rowSeparator[0];
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    import_append_char(&sCtx, 0);    /* To ensure sCtx.z is allocated */
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
      while( xRead(&sCtx) ){
        zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%c\n  \"%w\" TEXT", zCreate, cSep, sCtx.z);
        cSep = ',';
        if( sCtx.cTerm!=sCtx.cColSep ) break;
      }
      if( cSep=='(' ){
        sqlite3_free(zCreate);
        sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
        xCloser(sCtx.in);
        utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: empty file\n", sCtx.zFile);
        return 1;
      }
      zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z\n)", zCreate);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCreate, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zCreate);
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "CREATE TABLE %s(...) failed: %s\n", zTable,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
        xCloser(sCtx.in);
        return 1;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = sqlite3_malloc64( nByte*2 + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO \"%w\" VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    needCommit = sqlite3_get_autocommit(p->db);
    if( needCommit ) sqlite3_exec(p->db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
    do{
      int startLine = sCtx.nLine;
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *z = xRead(&sCtx);
        /*
        ** Did we reach end-of-file before finding any columns?
        ** If so, stop instead of NULL filling the remaining columns.
        */
        if( z==0 && i==0 ) break;
        /*
        ** Did we reach end-of-file OR end-of-line before finding any
        ** columns in ASCII mode?  If so, stop instead of NULL filling
        ** the remaining columns.
        */
        if( p->mode==MODE_Ascii && (z==0 || z[0]==0) && i==0 ) break;
        sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
        if( i<nCol-1 && sCtx.cTerm!=sCtx.cColSep ){
          utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "
                          "filling the rest with NULL\n",
                          sCtx.zFile, startLine, nCol, i+1);
          i += 2;
          while( i<=nCol ){ sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, i); i++; }
        }
      }
      if( sCtx.cTerm==sCtx.cColSep ){
        do{
          xRead(&sCtx);
          i++;
        }while( sCtx.cTerm==sCtx.cColSep );
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "
                        "extras ignored\n",
                        sCtx.zFile, startLine, nCol, i);
      }
      if( i>=nCol ){
        sqlite3_step(pStmt);
        rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: INSERT failed: %s\n", sCtx.zFile,
                      startLine, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        }
      }
    }while( sCtx.cTerm!=EOF );

    xCloser(sCtx.in);
    sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( needCommit ) sqlite3_exec(p->db, "COMMIT", 0, 0, 0);
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( nArg!=3 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Usage: .imposter INDEX IMPOSTER\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'", azArg[1]);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      tnum = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( tnum==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "no such index: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_xinfo='%q'", azArg[1]);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    i = 0;
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      char zLabel[20];
      const char *zCol = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2);
      i++;
      if( zCol==0 ){
        if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt,1)==-1 ){
          zCol = "_ROWID_";
        }else{
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLabel),zLabel,"expr%d",i);
          zCol = zLabel;
        }
      }
      if( zCollist==0 ){
        zCollist = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\"", zCol);
      }else{
        zCollist = sqlite3_mprintf("%z,\"%w\"", zCollist, zCol);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "CREATE TABLE \"%w\"(%s,PRIMARY KEY(%s))WITHOUT ROWID",
          azArg[2], zCollist, zCollist);
    sqlite3_free(zCollist);
    rc = sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 1, tnum);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 0, 0);
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error in [%s]: %s\n", zSql, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      }else{
        utf8_printf(stdout, "%s;\n", zSql);
        raw_printf(stdout,
           "WARNING: writing to an imposter table will corrupt the index!\n"
        );
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER returns %d\n", rc);
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TEST_CONTROL) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "iotrace", n)==0 ){
    SQLITE_API extern void (SQLITE_CDECL *sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...);
    if( iotrace && iotrace!=stdout ) fclose(iotrace);
    iotrace = 0;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1], "-")==0 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      iotrace = stdout;
    }else{
      iotrace = fopen(azArg[1], "w");
      if( iotrace==0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
        rc = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      }
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='l' && n>=5 && strncmp(azArg[0], "limits", n)==0 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zLimitName;   /* Name of a limit */
       int limitCode;            /* Integer code for that limit */
    } aLimit[] = {
      { "length",                SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH                    },
      { "sql_length",            SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH                },
      { "column",                SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN                    },
      { "expr_depth",            SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH                },
      { "compound_select",       SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT           },
      { "vdbe_op",               SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   },
      { "function_arg",          SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              },
      { "attached",              SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  },
      { "like_pattern_length",   SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       },
      { "variable_number",       SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           },
      { "trigger_depth",         SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH             },
      { "worker_threads",        SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS            },
    };
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==1 ){
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[i].zLimitName,
               sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[i].limitCode, -1));
      }
    }else if( nArg>3 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .limit NAME ?NEW-VALUE?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }else{
      int iLimit = -1;
      n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        if( sqlite3_strnicmp(aLimit[i].zLimitName, azArg[1], n2)==0 ){
          if( iLimit<0 ){
            iLimit = i;
          }else{
            utf8_printf(stderr, "ambiguous limit: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
            rc = 1;
            goto meta_command_exit;
          }
        }
      }
      if( iLimit<0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "unknown limit: \"%s\"\n"
                        "enter \".limits\" with no arguments for a list.\n",
                         azArg[1]);
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      if( nArg==3 ){
        sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[iLimit].limitCode,
                      (int)integerValue(azArg[2]));
      }
      printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[iLimit].zLimitName,
             sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[iLimit].limitCode, -1));
    }
  }else

  if( c=='l' && n>2 && strncmp(azArg[0], "lint", n)==0 ){
    open_db(p, 0);
    lintDotCommand(p, azArg, nArg);
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "load", n)==0 ){
    const char *zFile, *zProc;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .load FILE ?ENTRYPOINT?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zFile = azArg[1];
    zProc = nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_load_extension(p->db, zFile, zProc, &zErrMsg);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "log", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .log FILENAME\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      const char *zFile = azArg[1];
      output_file_close(p->pLog);
      p->pLog = output_file_open(zFile);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='m' && strncmp(azArg[0], "mode", n)==0 ){
    const char *zMode = nArg>=2 ? azArg[1] : "";
    int n2 = (int)strlen(zMode);
    int c2 = zMode[0];
    if( c2=='l' && n2>2 && strncmp(azArg[1],"lines",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Line;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='c' && strncmp(azArg[1],"columns",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Column;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='l' && n2>2 && strncmp(azArg[1],"list",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Column);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='h' && strncmp(azArg[1],"html",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Html;
    }else if( c2=='t' && strncmp(azArg[1],"tcl",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Tcl;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Space);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='c' && strncmp(azArg[1],"csv",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Csv;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Comma);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_CrLf);
    }else if( c2=='t' && strncmp(azArg[1],"tabs",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Tab);
    }else if( c2=='i' && strncmp(azArg[1],"insert",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Insert;
      set_table_name(p, nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : "table");
    }else if( c2=='q' && strncmp(azArg[1],"quote",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Quote;
    }else if( c2=='a' && strncmp(azArg[1],"ascii",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Ascii;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else if( nArg