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Overview
Comment:Simplifications to the Expr object: Remove Expr.span completely and convert Expr.token into a char* Expr.zToken. Also simplify the Token object by removing the Token.dyn and Token.quoted fields. (CVS 6681)
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SHA1:7cb1c3ba0759539cb035978fdaff6316775986f3
User & Date: drh 2009-05-27 10:31:29
Context
2009-05-28
01:00
Additional refinements to Expr handling. Restore compression of trigger expressions. Change Expr.zToken to Expr.u.zToken and added Expr.u.iValue. Remove an unnecessary ExprDup from CHECK constraint processing. And so forth. (CVS 6682) check-in: 4ac2bdfb user: drh tags: trunk
2009-05-27
10:31
Simplifications to the Expr object: Remove Expr.span completely and convert Expr.token into a char* Expr.zToken. Also simplify the Token object by removing the Token.dyn and Token.quoted fields. (CVS 6681) check-in: 7cb1c3ba user: drh tags: trunk
2009-05-25
14:17
Fix the rtree test module so that it works even if the ext/ subfolder is omitted from the tree. (CVS 6679) check-in: 086206e1 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/alter.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that used to generate VDBE code
** that implements the ALTER TABLE command.
**
** $Id: alter.c,v 1.58 2009/05/12 17:46:54 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The code in this file only exists if we are not omitting the
** ALTER TABLE logic from the build.
*/
................................................................................
    do {
      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding an opening bracket. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/* This function is used by SQL generated to implement the
................................................................................

      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding the table name. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
................................................................................
  memcpy(pNew->aCol, pTab->aCol, sizeof(Column)*pNew->nCol);
  for(i=0; i<pNew->nCol; i++){
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->zType = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;

  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that used to generate VDBE code
** that implements the ALTER TABLE command.
**
** $Id: alter.c,v 1.59 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The code in this file only exists if we are not omitting the
** ALTER TABLE logic from the build.
*/
................................................................................
    do {
      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding an opening bracket. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = (char*)zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/* This function is used by SQL generated to implement the
................................................................................

      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding the table name. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = (char*)zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
................................................................................
  memcpy(pNew->aCol, pTab->aCol, sizeof(Column)*pNew->nCol);
  for(i=0; i<pNew->nCol; i++){
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->zType = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;
    pCol->zDflt = 0;
  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);

Changes to src/attach.c.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the ATTACH and DETACH commands.
**
** $Id: attach.c,v 1.90 2009/05/01 06:19:21 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
/*
** Resolve an expression that was part of an ATTACH or DETACH statement. This
** is slightly different from resolving a normal SQL expression, because simple
................................................................................
static int resolveAttachExpr(NameContext *pName, Expr *pExpr)
{
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_ID ){
      rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(pName, pExpr);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pName->pParse, "invalid name: \"%T\"", &pExpr->span);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }else{
      pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  assert( db->mallocFailed || pAuthArg );
  if( pAuthArg ){
    char *zAuthArg = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pAuthArg->span);
    if( !zAuthArg ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
    rc = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, type, zAuthArg, 0, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zAuthArg);
    if(rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION */

  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
  ){
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto attach_end;
  }















  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

................................................................................
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;







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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the ATTACH and DETACH commands.
**
** $Id: attach.c,v 1.91 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
/*
** Resolve an expression that was part of an ATTACH or DETACH statement. This
** is slightly different from resolving a normal SQL expression, because simple
................................................................................
static int resolveAttachExpr(NameContext *pName, Expr *pExpr)
{
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_ID ){
      rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(pName, pExpr);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pName->pParse, "invalid name: \"%s\"", pExpr->zToken);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }else{
      pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;
















  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
  ){
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto attach_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( pAuthArg ){
    char *zAuthArg = pAuthArg->zToken;
    if( zAuthArg==0 ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
    rc = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, type, zAuthArg, 0, 0);
    if(rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION */


  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

................................................................................
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;

Changes to src/build.c.

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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.544 2009/05/13 22:58:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pTable->dbMem;
  testcase( db==0 );
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);

      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zType);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zColl);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->aCol);
  }
  pTable->aCol = 0;
  pTable->nCol = 0;
................................................................................
** are not \000 terminated and are not persistent.  The returned string
** is \000 terminated and is persistent.
*/
char *sqlite3NameFromToken(sqlite3 *db, Token *pName){
  char *zName;
  if( pName ){
    zName = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pName->z, pName->n);
    if( pName->quoted ) sqlite3Dequote(zName);
  }else{
    zName = 0;
  }
  return zName;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const Token *pType){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const unsigned char *zIn = pType->z;
  const unsigned char *zEnd = &pType->z[pType->n];

  while( zIn!=zEnd ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[*zIn];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
** is not the case.
**
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.
*/
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Table *p;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory. The 'span' of the expression
      ** is required by pragma table_info.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      pCol->pDflt = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, EXPRDUP_REDUCE|EXPRDUP_SPAN);



    }
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the
** most recently added column of the table is the primary key.
**
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
#ifndef NDEBUG
    if( pCol->affinity!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
       Token typeToken;
       typeToken.z = (u8*)zType;
       typeToken.n = len;
       assert( pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(&typeToken) );
    }
#endif
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}
................................................................................
  Token *pName2,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */
  Select *pSelect,   /* A SELECT statement that will become the new view */
  int isTemp,        /* TRUE for a TEMPORARY view */
  int noErr          /* Suppress error messages if VIEW already exists */
){
  Table *p;
  int n;
  const unsigned char *z;
  Token sEnd;
  DbFixer sFix;
  Token *pName;
  int iDb;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  if( pParse->nVar>0 ){
................................................................................
  */
  sEnd = pParse->sLastToken;
  if( ALWAYS(sEnd.z[0]!=0) && sEnd.z[0]!=';' ){
    sEnd.z += sEnd.n;
  }
  sEnd.n = 0;
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  z = (const unsigned char*)pBegin->z;
  while( ALWAYS(n>0) && sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0);
  return;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){
    nullId.z = (u8*)pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName;
    nullId.n = sqlite3Strlen30((char*)nullId.z);
    nullId.quoted = 0;
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0, &nullId);
    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

    pList->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)sortOrder;
  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
................................................................................
  /* Return a pointer to the enlarged SrcList */
  return pSrc;
}


/*
** Append a new table name to the given SrcList.  Create a new SrcList if
** need be.  A new entry is created in the SrcList even if pToken is NULL.
**
** A SrcList is returned, or NULL if there is an OOM error.  The returned
** SrcList might be the same as the SrcList that was input or it might be
** a new one.  If an OOM error does occurs, then the prior value of pList
** that is input to this routine is automatically freed.
**
** If pDatabase is not null, it means that the table has an optional
................................................................................
**
**         sqlite3SrcListAppend(D,A,B,C);
**
** Then C is the table name and B is the database name.  If C is defined
** then so is B.  In other words, we never have a case where:
**
**         sqlite3SrcListAppend(D,A,0,C);



*/
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* Connection to notify of malloc failures */
  SrcList *pList,     /* Append to this SrcList. NULL creates a new SrcList */
  Token *pTable,      /* Table to append */
  Token *pDatabase    /* Database of the table */
){







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1404



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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.545 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pTable->dbMem;
  testcase( db==0 );
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zType);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zColl);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->aCol);
  }
  pTable->aCol = 0;
  pTable->nCol = 0;
................................................................................
** are not \000 terminated and are not persistent.  The returned string
** is \000 terminated and is persistent.
*/
char *sqlite3NameFromToken(sqlite3 *db, Token *pName){
  char *zName;
  if( pName ){
    zName = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pName->z, pName->n);
    sqlite3Dequote(zName);
  }else{
    zName = 0;
  }
  return zName;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;



  if( zIn ) while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
** is not the case.
**
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.
*/
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse *pParse, ExprSpan *pSpan){
  Table *p;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pSpan->pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory. The 'span' of the expression
      ** is required by pragma table_info.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      pCol->pDflt = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSpan->pExpr, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zDflt);
      pCol->zDflt = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pSpan->zStart,
                                     pSpan->zEnd - pSpan->zStart);
    }
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pSpan->pExpr);
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the
** most recently added column of the table is the primary key.
**
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);

    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 



            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType) );


    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}
................................................................................
  Token *pName2,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */
  Select *pSelect,   /* A SELECT statement that will become the new view */
  int isTemp,        /* TRUE for a TEMPORARY view */
  int noErr          /* Suppress error messages if VIEW already exists */
){
  Table *p;
  int n;
  const char *z;
  Token sEnd;
  DbFixer sFix;
  Token *pName;
  int iDb;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  if( pParse->nVar>0 ){
................................................................................
  */
  sEnd = pParse->sLastToken;
  if( ALWAYS(sEnd.z[0]!=0) && sEnd.z[0]!=';' ){
    sEnd.z += sEnd.n;
  }
  sEnd.n = 0;
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( ALWAYS(n>0) && sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0);
  return;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){
    nullId.z = pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName;
    nullId.n = sqlite3Strlen30((char*)nullId.z);

    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);
    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pList, &nullId, 0);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)sortOrder;
  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
................................................................................
  /* Return a pointer to the enlarged SrcList */
  return pSrc;
}


/*
** Append a new table name to the given SrcList.  Create a new SrcList if
** need be.  A new entry is created in the SrcList even if pTable is NULL.
**
** A SrcList is returned, or NULL if there is an OOM error.  The returned
** SrcList might be the same as the SrcList that was input or it might be
** a new one.  If an OOM error does occurs, then the prior value of pList
** that is input to this routine is automatically freed.
**
** If pDatabase is not null, it means that the table has an optional
................................................................................
**
**         sqlite3SrcListAppend(D,A,B,C);
**
** Then C is the table name and B is the database name.  If C is defined
** then so is B.  In other words, we never have a case where:
**
**         sqlite3SrcListAppend(D,A,0,C);
**
** Both pTable and pDatabase are assumed to be quoted.  They are dequoted
** before being added to the SrcList.
*/
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* Connection to notify of malloc failures */
  SrcList *pList,     /* Append to this SrcList. NULL creates a new SrcList */
  Token *pTable,      /* Table to append */
  Token *pDatabase    /* Database of the table */
){

Changes to src/delete.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91





92
93
94
95
96
97
98
...
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
...
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.201 2009/05/01 21:13:37 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
................................................................................
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pDup;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  pDup = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pView->pSelect, 0);
  if( pWhere ){
    SrcList *pFrom;
    Token viewName;
    
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
    viewName.z = (u8*)pView->zName;
    viewName.n = (unsigned int)sqlite3Strlen30((const char*)viewName.z);
    viewName.quoted = 0;
    pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse, 0, 0, 0, &viewName, pDup, 0,0);





    pDup = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pDup, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDup);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_2;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid, 0);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_2;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
  if( pSelectSrc == 0 ) {
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pEList);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pWhereRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_1;
  pInClause = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0, 0);
  if( pInClause == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_1;

  pInClause->x.pSelect = pSelect;
  pInClause->flags |= EP_xIsSelect;
  sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, pInClause);







|







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>







 







|

|







 







|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
...
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
...
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.202 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
................................................................................
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pDup;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  pDup = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pView->pSelect, 0);
  if( pWhere ){
    SrcList *pFrom;
    
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
    pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pFrom ){
      assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
      pFrom->a[0].zAlias = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
      pFrom->a[0].pSelect = pDup;
      assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
      assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDup);
    }
    pDup = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pDup, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDup);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_2;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_2;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
  if( pSelectSrc == 0 ) {
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pEList);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pWhereRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_1;
  pInClause = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0, 0);
  if( pInClause == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup_1;

  pInClause->x.pSelect = pSelect;
  pInClause->flags |= EP_xIsSelect;
  sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, pInClause);

Changes to src/expr.c.

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9
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427
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432
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443
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481
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512
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524
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528
529
530
531
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534
535
536
537
538
539
540
...
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556

557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564

565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
...
582
583
584
585
586
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588
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590
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592
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594
595
596
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598
599
600
...
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
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626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635


636
637
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640
641
642
...
655
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657
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659
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664
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...
672
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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.436 2009/05/25 11:46:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
** If pExpr is a column, a reference to a column via an 'AS' alias,
................................................................................
  int op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    return sqlite3AffinityType(&pExpr->token);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
  return nHeight;
}
#else
  #define exprSetHeight(y)
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0 */

/*


** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory

** for this node is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  The calling function
** is responsible for making sure the node eventually gets freed.






*/
Expr *sqlite3Expr(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Handle for sqlite3DbMallocZero() (may be null) */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */

){
  Expr *pNew;







  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Expr));
  if( pNew==0 ){
    /* When malloc fails, delete pLeft and pRight. Expressions passed to 
    ** this function must always be allocated with sqlite3Expr() for this 
    ** reason. 
    */
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pRight);
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->op = (u8)op;
  pNew->pLeft = pLeft;
  pNew->pRight = pRight;
  pNew->iAgg = -1;
  pNew->span.z = (u8*)"";
  if( pToken ){
    int c;
    assert( pToken->dyn==0 );
    pNew->span = *pToken;


    if( pToken->n>=2 

         && ((c = pToken->z[0])=='\'' || c=='"' || c=='[' || c=='`') ){
      sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pNew->token, pToken);
      if( pNew->token.z ){
        pNew->token.n = sqlite3Dequote((char*)pNew->token.z);
        assert( pNew->token.n==(unsigned)sqlite3Strlen30((char*)pNew->token.z));
      }
      if( c=='"' ) pNew->flags |= EP_DblQuoted;
    }else{
      pNew->token = *pToken;
    }

    pNew->token.quoted = 0;
  }else if( pLeft ){
    if( pRight ){
      if( pRight->span.dyn==0 && pLeft->span.dyn==0 ){

        sqlite3ExprSpan(pNew, &pLeft->span, &pRight->span);
      }



































      if( pRight->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
        pNew->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
        pNew->pColl = pRight->pColl;
      }
    }


    if( pLeft->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
      pNew->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
      pNew->pColl = pLeft->pColl;
    }
  }


  exprSetHeight(pNew);
  return pNew;
}

/*



** Works like sqlite3Expr() except that it takes an extra Parse*
** argument and notifies the associated connection object if malloc fails.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, op, pLeft, pRight, pToken);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** When doing a nested parse, you can include terms in an expression
** that look like this:   #1 #2 ...  These terms refer to registers
** in the virtual machine.  #N is the N-th register.
**
** This routine is called by the parser to deal with on of those terms.
** It immediately generates code to store the value in a memory location.
** The returns an expression that will code to extract the value from
** that memory location as needed.
*/
Expr *sqlite3RegisterExpr(Parse *pParse, Token *pToken){
  Expr *p;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", pToken);
    return sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0, pToken);
  if( p==0 ){
    return 0;  /* Malloc failed */
  }
  p->iTable = atoi((char*)&pToken->z[1]);

  return p;
}

/*
** Join two expressions using an AND operator.  If either expression is
** NULL, then just return the other expression.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3 *db, Expr *pLeft, Expr *pRight){
  if( pLeft==0 ){
    return pRight;
  }else if( pRight==0 ){
    return pLeft;
  }else{
    return sqlite3Expr(db, TK_AND, pLeft, pRight, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Set the Expr.span field of the given expression to span all
** text between the two given tokens.  Both tokens must be pointing
** at the same string.
*/
void sqlite3ExprSpan(Expr *pExpr, Token *pLeft, Token *pRight){
  assert( pRight!=0 );
  assert( pLeft!=0 );
  if( pExpr ){
    pExpr->span.z = pLeft->z;
    /* The following assert() may fail when this is called 
    ** via sqlite3PExpr()/sqlite3Expr() from addWhereTerm(). */
    /* assert(pRight->z >= pLeft->z); */
    pExpr->span.n = pRight->n + (unsigned)(pRight->z - pLeft->z);


  }
}

/*
** Construct a new expression node for a function with multiple
** arguments.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList, Token *pToken){
  Expr *pNew;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  assert( pToken );
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Expr) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList); /* Avoid memory leak when malloc fails */
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->op = TK_FUNCTION;
  pNew->x.pList = pList;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
  assert( pToken->dyn==0 );
  pNew->span = *pToken;
  sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pNew->token, pToken);
  sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, pNew);
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
** in the original SQL statement.  
................................................................................
**
** Wildcards of the form ":aaa", "@aaa", or "$aaa" are assigned the same number
** as the previous instance of the same wildcard.  Or if this is the first
** instance of the wildcard, the next sequenial variable number is
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Token *pToken;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;


  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  pToken = &pExpr->token;
  assert( pToken->n>=1 );
  assert( pToken->z!=0 );
  assert( pToken->z[0]!=0 );
  if( pToken->n==1 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */

    pExpr->iTable = ++pParse->nVar;
  }else if( pToken->z[0]=='?' ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
    ** use it as the variable number */
    int i;
    pExpr->iTable = i = atoi((char*)&pToken->z[1]);
    testcase( i==0 );
    testcase( i==1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
    if( i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
          db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);
................................................................................
  }else{
    /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
    ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
    ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
    */
    int i;
    u32 n;
    n = pToken->n;
    for(i=0; i<pParse->nVarExpr; i++){
      Expr *pE = pParse->apVarExpr[i];
      assert( pE!=0 );
      if( pE->token.n==n && memcmp(pE->token.z, pToken->z, n)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = pE->iTable;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i>=pParse->nVarExpr ){
      pExpr->iTable = ++pParse->nVar;
      if( pParse->nVarExpr>=pParse->nVarExprAlloc-1 ){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Clear an expression structure without deleting the structure itself.
** Substructure is deleted.
*/
void sqlite3ExprClear(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p->token.dyn ) sqlite3DbFree(db, (char*)p->token.z);
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ){
    if( p->span.dyn ) sqlite3DbFree(db, (char*)p->span.z);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) ){
      /* Subtrees are part of the same memory allocation when EP_Reduced set */
      if( p->pLeft ) sqlite3ExprClear(db, p->pLeft);
      if( p->pRight ) sqlite3ExprClear(db, p->pRight);
    }else{
      /* Subtrees are separate allocations when EP_Reduced is clear */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);


    }
    /* x.pSelect and x.pList are always separately allocated */
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
................................................................................
/*
** Return the number of bytes allocated for the expression structure 
** passed as the first argument. This is always one of EXPR_FULLSIZE,
** EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE or EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE.
*/
static int exprStructSize(Expr *p){
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ) return EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE;
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_SpanToken) ) return EXPR_SPANTOKENSIZE;
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) ) return EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE;
  return EXPR_FULLSIZE;
}

/*
** sqlite3ExprDup() has been called to create a copy of expression p with
** the EXPRDUP_XXX flags passed as the second argument. This function 
................................................................................
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else if( p->pLeft || p->pRight || p->pColl || p->x.pList ){
    nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE;
  }else if( flags&EXPRDUP_SPAN ){
    nSize = EXPR_SPANTOKENSIZE;
  }else{
    nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE;
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
** sqlite3ExprDup() has been called to create a copy of expression p with
** the EXPRDUP_XXX passed as the second argument. This function returns
** the space in bytes required to store the copy of the Expr structure
** and the copies of the Expr.token.z and Expr.span.z (if applicable)
** string buffers.
*/
static int dupedExprNodeSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nByte = dupedExprStructSize(p, flags) + (p->token.z ? p->token.n + 1 : 0);
  if( (flags&EXPRDUP_SPAN)!=0
   && (p->token.z!=p->span.z || p->token.n!=p->span.n)
  ){
    nByte += p->span.n;
  }
  return ROUND8(nByte);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes required to create a duplicate of the 
** expression passed as the first argument. The second argument is a
** mask containing EXPRDUP_XXX flags.
**
** The value returned includes space to create a copy of the Expr struct
** itself and the buffer referred to by Expr.token, if any. If the 
** EXPRDUP_SPAN flag is set, then space to create a copy of the buffer
** refered to by Expr.span is also included.
**
** If the EXPRDUP_REDUCE flag is set, then the return value includes 
** space to duplicate all Expr nodes in the tree formed by Expr.pLeft 
** and Expr.pRight variables (but not for any structures pointed to or 
** descended from the Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect variables).
*/
static int dupedExprSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nByte = 0;
  if( p ){
    nByte = dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
    if( flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE ){
      int f = flags&(~EXPRDUP_SPAN);
      nByte += dupedExprSize(p->pLeft, f) + dupedExprSize(p->pRight, f);
    }
  }
  return nByte;
}

/*
** This function is similar to sqlite3ExprDup(), except that if pzBuffer 
** is not NULL then *pzBuffer is assumed to point to a buffer large enough 
** to store the copy of expression p, the copies of p->token and p->span 
** (if applicable), and the copies of the p->pLeft and p->pRight expressions,
** if any. Before returning, *pzBuffer is set to the first byte passed the
** portion of the buffer copied into by this function.
*/
static Expr *exprDup(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p, int flags, u8 **pzBuffer){
  Expr *pNew = 0;                      /* Value to return */
  if( p ){
    const int isRequireSpan = (flags&EXPRDUP_SPAN);
    const int isReduced = (flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
    u8 *zAlloc;

    assert( pzBuffer==0 || isReduced );

    /* Figure out where to write the new Expr structure. */
    if( pzBuffer ){
................................................................................
    }
    pNew = (Expr *)zAlloc;

    if( pNew ){
      /* Set nNewSize to the size allocated for the structure pointed to
      ** by pNew. This is either EXPR_FULLSIZE, EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE or
      ** EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE. nToken is set to the number of bytes consumed
      ** by the copy of the p->token.z string (if any).
      */
      const int nNewSize = dupedExprStructSize(p, flags);
      const int nToken = (p->token.z ? p->token.n + 1 : 0);
      if( isReduced ){
        assert( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced)==0 );
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nNewSize);
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced and EP_TokenOnly flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken);
      switch( nNewSize ){
        case EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE:   pNew->flags |= EP_Reduced; break;
        case EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE: pNew->flags |= EP_TokenOnly; break;
        case EXPR_SPANTOKENSIZE: pNew->flags |= EP_SpanToken; break;
      }

      /* Copy the p->token string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        unsigned char *zToken = &zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->token.z, nToken-1);
        zToken[nToken-1] = '\0';
        pNew->token.dyn = 0;
        pNew->token.z = zToken;
      }

      if( 0==((p->flags|pNew->flags) & EP_TokenOnly) ){
        /* Fill in the pNew->span token, if required. */
        if( isRequireSpan ){
          if( p->token.z!=p->span.z || p->token.n!=p->span.n ){
            pNew->span.z = &zAlloc[nNewSize+nToken];
            memcpy((char *)pNew->span.z, p->span.z, p->span.n);
            pNew->span.dyn = 0;
          }else{
            pNew->span.z = pNew->token.z;
            pNew->span.n = pNew->token.n;
          }
        }else{
          pNew->span.z = 0;
          pNew->span.n = 0;
        }
      }

      if( 0==((p->flags|pNew->flags) & (EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken)) ){
        /* Fill in the pNew->x.pSelect or pNew->x.pList member. */
        if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }


      }else if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ){
        pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
        pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
      }


    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** The following group of routines make deep copies of expressions,
................................................................................
**
** The expression list, ID, and source lists return by sqlite3ExprListDup(),
** sqlite3IdListDup(), and sqlite3SrcListDup() can not be further expanded 
** by subsequent calls to sqlite*ListAppend() routines.
**
** Any tables that the SrcList might point to are not duplicated.
**
** The flags parameter contains a combination of the EXPRDUP_XXX flags. If
** the EXPRDUP_SPAN flag is set in the argument parameter, then the 
** Expr.span field of the input expression is copied. If EXPRDUP_SPAN is
** clear, then the Expr.span field of the returned expression structure
** is zeroed.
**
** If the EXPRDUP_REDUCE flag is set, then the structure returned is a
** truncated version of the usual Expr structure that will be stored as
** part of the in-memory representation of the database schema.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p, int flags){
  return exprDup(db, p, flags, 0);
}
void sqlite3TokenCopy(sqlite3 *db, Token *pTo, const Token *pFrom){
  if( pTo->dyn ) sqlite3DbFree(db, (char*)pTo->z);
  if( pFrom->z ){
    pTo->n = pFrom->n;
    pTo->z = (u8*)sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pFrom->z, pFrom->n);
    pTo->dyn = 1;
    pTo->quoted = pFrom->quoted;
  }else{
    pTo->z = 0;
  }
}
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  } 
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = pNewExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);

    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->iCol = pOldItem->iCol;
    pItem->iAlias = pOldItem->iAlias;
  }
  return pNew;
}
................................................................................
  return pNew;
}
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  Select *pNew;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*p) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  /* Always make a copy of the span for top-level expressions in the
  ** expression list.  The logic in SELECT processing that determines
  ** the names of columns in the result set needs this information */
  pNew->pEList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, flags|EXPRDUP_SPAN);
  pNew->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(db, p->pSrc, flags);
  pNew->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pWhere, flags);
  pNew->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pGroupBy, flags);
  pNew->pHaving = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pHaving, flags);
  pNew->pOrderBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pOrderBy, flags);
  pNew->op = p->op;
  pNew->pPrior = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->pPrior, flags);
................................................................................
}
#endif


/*
** Add a new element to the end of an expression list.  If pList is
** initially NULL, then create a new expression list.




*/
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to append. Might be NULL */
  Expr *pExpr,            /* Expression to be appended */
  Token *pName            /* AS keyword for the expression */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(ExprList) );
    if( pList==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
................................................................................
    if( a==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList->a = a;
    pList->nAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, a)/sizeof(a[0]);
  }
  assert( pList->a!=0 );
  if( pExpr || pName ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr++];
    memset(pItem, 0, sizeof(*pItem));
    pItem->zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
    pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
    pItem->iAlias = 0;
  }
  return pList;

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}



















































/*
** If the expression list pEList contains more than iLimit elements,
** leave an error message in pParse.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(
  Parse *pParse,
................................................................................
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  assert( pList->a!=0 || (pList->nExpr==0 && pList->nAlloc==0) );
  assert( pList->nExpr<=pList->nAlloc );
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pExpr);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);

  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
................................................................................
  int rc = 0;
  if( p->flags & EP_IntValue ){
    *pValue = p->iTable;
    return 1;
  }
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      rc = sqlite3GetInt32((char*)p->token.z, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
................................................................................

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* This has to be a scalar SELECT.  Generate code to put the
      ** value of this select in a memory cell and record the number
      ** of the memory cell in iColumn.
      */
      static const Token one = { (u8*)"1", 0, 0, 1 };
      Select *pSel;
      SelectDest dest;

      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, ++pParse->nMem);
      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
................................................................................
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int n, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  assert( z || v==0 || sqlite3VdbeDb(v)->mallocFailed );
  assert( !z || !sqlite3Isdigit(z[n]) );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(n);
  if( z ){
    double value;
    char *zV;
    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value);
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(value) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem);
    }else{
................................................................................
*/
static void codeInteger(Vdbe *v, Expr *pExpr, int negFlag, int iMem){
  const char *z;
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
    int i = pExpr->iTable;
    if( negFlag ) i = -i;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else if( (z = (char*)pExpr->token.z)!=0 ){
    int i;
    int n = pExpr->token.n;
    assert( !sqlite3Isdigit(z[n]) );
    if( sqlite3GetInt32(z, &i) ){
      if( negFlag ) i = -i;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
    }else if( sqlite3FitsIn64Bits(z, negFlag) ){
      i64 value;
      char *zV;
      sqlite3Atoi64(z, &value);
      if( negFlag ) value = -value;
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
      codeReal(v, z, n, negFlag, iMem);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Clear a cache entry.
*/
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      codeInteger(v, pExpr, 0, target);
      break;
    }
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      codeReal(v, (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 0, target);
      break;
    }
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, target, 0,
                        (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      int n;
      const char *z;
      char *zBlob;
      assert( pExpr->token.n>=3 );
      assert( pExpr->token.z[0]=='x' || pExpr->token.z[0]=='X' );
      assert( pExpr->token.z[1]=='\'' );
      assert( pExpr->token.z[pExpr->token.n-1]=='\'' );
      n = pExpr->token.n - 3;
      z = (char*)pExpr->token.z + 2;
      zBlob = sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), z, n);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, n/2, target, 0, zBlob, P4_DYNAMIC);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      int iPrior;
      VdbeOp *pOp;


      if( pExpr->token.n<=1
         && (iPrior = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1)>=0
         && (pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, iPrior))->opcode==OP_Variable
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3==pExpr->iTable
         && pOp->p2+pOp->p3==target
         && pOp->p4.z==0
      ){
        /* If the previous instruction was a copy of the previous unnamed
................................................................................
        ** parameter into the previous register, then simply increment the
        ** repeat count on the prior instruction rather than making a new
        ** instruction.
        */
        pOp->p3++;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iTable, target, 1);
        if( pExpr->token.n>1 ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      inReg = pExpr->iTable;
      break;
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(&pExpr->token);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      assert( pLeft );
      if( pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT ){
        codeReal(v, (char*)pLeft->token.z, pLeft->token.n, 1, target);
      }else if( pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        codeInteger(v, pLeft, 1, target);
      }else{
        regFree1 = r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, r1);
        r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, r2, r1, target);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate: %T",
            &pExpr->span);
      }else{
        inReg = pInfo->aFunc[pExpr->iAgg].iMem;
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      zId = (char*)pExpr->token.z;
      nId = pExpr->token.n;
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zId, nId, nFarg, enc, 0);
      assert( pDef!=0 );
      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
      if( pExpr->affinity!=OE_Ignore ){
         assert( pExpr->affinity==OE_Rollback ||
                 pExpr->affinity == OE_Abort ||
                 pExpr->affinity == OE_Fail );
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, pExpr->affinity, 0,
                        (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
      } else {
         assert( pExpr->affinity == OE_Ignore );
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ContextPop, 0, 0);
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pParse->trigStack->ignoreJump);
         VdbeComment((v, "raise(IGNORE)"));
      }
      break;
................................................................................
      if( !sqlite3ExprCompare(pExprA, pExprB) ) return 0;
    }
  }else if( pA->x.pList || pB->x.pList ){
    return 0;
  }

  if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable || pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 0;
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->token.z ){
    if( pB->token.z==0 ) return 0;
    if( pB->token.n!=pA->token.n ) return 0;
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp((char*)pA->token.z,(char*)pB->token.z,pB->token.n)!=0 ){
      return 0;
    }
  }
  return 1;
}


................................................................................
          i = addAggInfoFunc(pParse->db, pAggInfo);
          if( i>=0 ){
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
            pItem = &pAggInfo->aFunc[i];
            pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
            pItem->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
            pItem->pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
                   (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n,
                   pExpr->x.pList ? pExpr->x.pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
            if( pExpr->flags & EP_Distinct ){
              pItem->iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }







|







 







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8
9
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36
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...
372
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395
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408


409

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417


418


419
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423

424
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476
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493
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508
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528
529
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531
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534
...
542
543
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549
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557
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560
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569
570
571
...
576
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592
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...
612
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619

620
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...
649
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656
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662
...
665
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669
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728
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823
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829
...
836
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838
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850
...
911
912
913
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918
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925
...
941
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....
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1077
....
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....
1576
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....
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....
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3141
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....
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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.437 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
** If pExpr is a column, a reference to a column via an 'AS' alias,
................................................................................
  int op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->zToken);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
  return nHeight;
}
#else
  #define exprSetHeight(y)
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0 */

/*
** This routine is the core allocator for Expr nodes.
**
** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory
** for this node and for the pToken argument is a single allocation
** obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().  The calling function
** is responsible for making sure the node eventually gets freed.
**
** If dequote is true, then the token (if it exists) is dequoted.
** If dequote is false, no dequoting is performance.  The deQuote
** parameter is ignored if pToken is NULL or if the token does not
** appear to be quoted.  If the quotes were of the form "..." (double-quotes)
** then the EP_DblQuoted flag is set on the expression node.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Handle for sqlite3DbMallocZero() (may be null) */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */


  const Token *pToken,    /* Token argument.  Might be NULL */
  int dequote             /* True to dequote */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nExtra;

  if( pToken ){
    nExtra = pToken->n+1;
  }else{
    nExtra = 0;
  }
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Expr)+nExtra);
  if( pNew ){








    pNew->op = (u8)op;


    pNew->iAgg = -1;

    if( pToken ){
      int c;


      pNew->zToken = (char*)&pNew[1];
      memcpy(pNew->zToken, pToken->z, pToken->n);
      pNew->zToken[pToken->n] = 0;
      if( dequote && nExtra>=3 
           && ((c = pToken->z[0])=='\'' || c=='"' || c=='[' || c=='`') ){


        sqlite3Dequote(pNew->zToken);


        if( c=='"' ) pNew->flags |= EP_DblQuoted;


      }
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
    pNew->nHeight = 1;
#endif  

  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Allocate a new expression node from a zero-terminated token that has
** already been dequoted.
*/
Expr *sqlite3Expr(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Handle for sqlite3DbMallocZero() (may be null) */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  const char *zToken      /* Token argument.  Might be NULL */
){
  Token x;
  x.z = zToken;
  x.n = zToken ? sqlite3Strlen30(zToken) : 0;
  return sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, op, &x, 0);
}

/*
** Attach subtrees pLeft and pRight to the Expr node pRoot.
**
** If pRoot==NULL that means that a memory allocation error has occurred.
** In that case, delete the subtrees pLeft and pRight.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(
  sqlite3 *db,
  Expr *pRoot,
  Expr *pLeft,
  Expr *pRight
){
  if( pRoot==0 ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pRight);
  }else{
    if( pRight ){
      pRoot->pRight = pRight;
      if( pRight->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
        pRoot->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
        pRoot->pColl = pRight->pColl;
      }
    }
    if( pLeft ){
      pRoot->pLeft = pLeft;
      if( pLeft->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
        pRoot->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
        pRoot->pColl = pLeft->pColl;
      }
    }
    exprSetHeight(pRoot);
  }


}

/*
** Allocate a Expr node which joins up to two subtrees.
**
** The 
** Works like sqlite3Expr() except that it takes an extra Parse*
** argument and notifies the associated connection object if malloc fails.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op, pToken, 1);



























  sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  return p;
}

/*
** Join two expressions using an AND operator.  If either expression is
** NULL, then just return the other expression.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3 *db, Expr *pLeft, Expr *pRight){
  if( pLeft==0 ){
    return pRight;
  }else if( pRight==0 ){
    return pLeft;
  }else{
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_AND, 0, 0);

















    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(db, pNew, pLeft, pRight);
    return pNew;
  }
}

/*
** Construct a new expression node for a function with multiple
** arguments.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList, Token *pToken){
  Expr *pNew;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  assert( pToken );
  pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_FUNCTION, pToken, 1);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList); /* Avoid memory leak when malloc fails */
    return 0;
  }

  pNew->x.pList = pList;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );



  sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, pNew);
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Assign a variable number to an expression that encodes a wildcard
** in the original SQL statement.  
................................................................................
**
** Wildcards of the form ":aaa", "@aaa", or "$aaa" are assigned the same number
** as the previous instance of the same wildcard.  Or if this is the first
** instance of the wildcard, the next sequenial variable number is
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){

  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  z = pExpr->zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){

    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iTable = ++pParse->nVar;
  }else if( z[0]=='?' ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
    ** use it as the variable number */
    int i;
    pExpr->iTable = i = atoi((char*)&z[1]);
    testcase( i==0 );
    testcase( i==1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
    if( i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
          db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);
................................................................................
  }else{
    /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
    ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
    ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
    */
    int i;
    u32 n;
    n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=0; i<pParse->nVarExpr; i++){
      Expr *pE = pParse->apVarExpr[i];
      assert( pE!=0 );
      if( memcmp(pE->zToken, z, n)==0 && pE->zToken[n]==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = pE->iTable;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i>=pParse->nVarExpr ){
      pExpr->iTable = ++pParse->nVar;
      if( pParse->nVarExpr>=pParse->nVarExprAlloc-1 ){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Clear an expression structure without deleting the structure itself.
** Substructure is deleted.
*/
void sqlite3ExprClear(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){

  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){

    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) ){
      /* Subtrees are part of the same memory allocation when EP_Reduced set */
      if( p->pLeft ) sqlite3ExprClear(db, p->pLeft);
      if( p->pRight ) sqlite3ExprClear(db, p->pRight);
    }else{
      /* Subtrees are separate allocations when EP_Reduced is clear */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
      /* Sometimes the zToken is allocated separately */
      if( p->flags2 & EP2_FreeToken ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zToken);
    }
    /* x.pSelect and x.pList are always separately allocated */
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
................................................................................
/*
** Return the number of bytes allocated for the expression structure 
** passed as the first argument. This is always one of EXPR_FULLSIZE,
** EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE or EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE.
*/
static int exprStructSize(Expr *p){
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ) return EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE;

  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) ) return EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE;
  return EXPR_FULLSIZE;
}

/*
** sqlite3ExprDup() has been called to create a copy of expression p with
** the EXPRDUP_XXX flags passed as the second argument. This function 
................................................................................
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else if( p->pLeft || p->pRight || p->pColl || p->x.pList ){
    nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE;


  }else{
    nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE;
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
** sqlite3ExprDup() has been called to create a copy of expression p with
** the EXPRDUP_XXX passed as the second argument. This function returns
** the space in bytes required to store the copy of the Expr structure
** and the copies of the Expr.zToken (if applicable)
** string buffers.
*/
static int dupedExprNodeSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nByte = dupedExprStructSize(p, flags);
  if( p->zToken ){
    nByte += sqlite3Strlen30(p->zToken)+1;


  }
  return ROUND8(nByte);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes required to create a duplicate of the 
** expression passed as the first argument. The second argument is a
** mask containing EXPRDUP_XXX flags.
**
** The value returned includes space to create a copy of the Expr struct
** itself and the buffer referred to by Expr.zToken, if any.


**
** If the EXPRDUP_REDUCE flag is set, then the return value includes 
** space to duplicate all Expr nodes in the tree formed by Expr.pLeft 
** and Expr.pRight variables (but not for any structures pointed to or 
** descended from the Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect variables).
*/
static int dupedExprSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nByte = 0;
  if( p ){
    nByte = dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
    if( flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE ){

      nByte += dupedExprSize(p->pLeft, flags) + dupedExprSize(p->pRight, flags);
    }
  }
  return nByte;
}

/*
** This function is similar to sqlite3ExprDup(), except that if pzBuffer 
** is not NULL then *pzBuffer is assumed to point to a buffer large enough 
** to store the copy of expression p, the copies of p->zToken
** (if applicable), and the copies of the p->pLeft and p->pRight expressions,
** if any. Before returning, *pzBuffer is set to the first byte passed the
** portion of the buffer copied into by this function.
*/
static Expr *exprDup(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p, int flags, u8 **pzBuffer){
  Expr *pNew = 0;                      /* Value to return */
  if( p ){

    const int isReduced = (flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
    u8 *zAlloc;

    assert( pzBuffer==0 || isReduced );

    /* Figure out where to write the new Expr structure. */
    if( pzBuffer ){
................................................................................
    }
    pNew = (Expr *)zAlloc;

    if( pNew ){
      /* Set nNewSize to the size allocated for the structure pointed to
      ** by pNew. This is either EXPR_FULLSIZE, EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE or
      ** EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE. nToken is set to the number of bytes consumed
      ** by the copy of the p->zToken string (if any).
      */
      const int nNewSize = dupedExprStructSize(p, flags);
      const int nToken = (p->zToken ? sqlite3Strlen30(p->zToken) + 1 : 0);
      if( isReduced ){
        assert( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced)==0 );
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nNewSize);
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced and EP_TokenOnly flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      switch( nNewSize ){
        case EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE:   pNew->flags |= EP_Reduced; break;
        case EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE: pNew->flags |= EP_TokenOnly; break;

      }

      /* Copy the p->zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->zToken, nToken);



      }

      if( 0==((p->flags|pNew->flags) & EP_TokenOnly) ){

















        /* Fill in the pNew->x.pSelect or pNew->x.pList member. */
        if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{
        pNew->flags2 = 0;
        if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** The following group of routines make deep copies of expressions,
................................................................................
**
** The expression list, ID, and source lists return by sqlite3ExprListDup(),
** sqlite3IdListDup(), and sqlite3SrcListDup() can not be further expanded 
** by subsequent calls to sqlite*ListAppend() routines.
**
** Any tables that the SrcList might point to are not duplicated.
**
** The flags parameter contains a combination of the EXPRDUP_XXX flags.





** If the EXPRDUP_REDUCE flag is set, then the structure returned is a
** truncated version of the usual Expr structure that will be stored as
** part of the in-memory representation of the database schema.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p, int flags){
  return exprDup(db, p, flags, 0);
}











ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  } 
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = pNewExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->iCol = pOldItem->iCol;
    pItem->iAlias = pOldItem->iAlias;
  }
  return pNew;
}
................................................................................
  return pNew;
}
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  Select *pNew;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*p) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;



  pNew->pEList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, flags);
  pNew->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(db, p->pSrc, flags);
  pNew->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pWhere, flags);
  pNew->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pGroupBy, flags);
  pNew->pHaving = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pHaving, flags);
  pNew->pOrderBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pOrderBy, flags);
  pNew->op = p->op;
  pNew->pPrior = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->pPrior, flags);
................................................................................
}
#endif


/*
** Add a new element to the end of an expression list.  If pList is
** initially NULL, then create a new expression list.
**
** If a memory allocation error occurs, the entire list is freed and
** NULL is returned.  If non-NULL is returned, then it is guaranteed
** that the new entry was successfully appended.
*/
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to append. Might be NULL */
  Expr *pExpr             /* Expression to be appended. Might be NULL */

){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(ExprList) );
    if( pList==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
................................................................................
    if( a==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList->a = a;
    pList->nAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, a)/sizeof(a[0]);
  }
  assert( pList->a!=0 );
  if( 1 ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr++];
    memset(pItem, 0, sizeof(*pItem));

    pItem->pExpr = pExpr;

  }
  return pList;

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set the ExprList.a[].zName element of the most recently added item
** on the expression list.
**
** pList might be NULL following an OOM error.  But pName should never be
** NULL.  If a memory allocation fails, the pParse->db->mallocFailed flag
** is set.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListSetName(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to add the span. */
  Token *pName,           /* Name to be added */
  int dequote             /* True to cause the name to be dequoted */
){
  assert( pList!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );
  if( pList ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    assert( pList->nExpr>0 );
    pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr-1];
    assert( pItem->zName==0 );
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrNDup(pParse->db, pName->z, pName->n);
    if( dequote && pItem->zName ) sqlite3Dequote(pItem->zName);
  }
}

/*
** Set the ExprList.a[].zSpan element of the most recently added item
** on the expression list.
**
** pList might be NULL following an OOM error.  But pSpan should never be
** NULL.  If a memory allocation fails, the pParse->db->mallocFailed flag
** is set.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to add the span. */
  ExprSpan *pSpan         /* The span to be added */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  assert( pList!=0 || db->mallocFailed!=0 );
  if( pList ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr-1];
    assert( pList->nExpr>0 );
    assert( db->mallocFailed || pItem->pExpr==pSpan->pExpr );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pSpan->zStart,
                                    pSpan->zEnd - pSpan->zStart);
  }
}

/*
** If the expression list pEList contains more than iLimit elements,
** leave an error message in pParse.
*/
void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(
  Parse *pParse,
................................................................................
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  assert( pList->a!=0 || (pList->nExpr==0 && pList->nAlloc==0) );
  assert( pList->nExpr<=pList->nAlloc );
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pExpr);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
................................................................................
  int rc = 0;
  if( p->flags & EP_IntValue ){
    *pValue = p->iTable;
    return 1;
  }
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      rc = sqlite3GetInt32(p->zToken, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
................................................................................

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* This has to be a scalar SELECT.  Generate code to put the
      ** value of this select in a memory cell and record the number
      ** of the memory cell in iColumn.
      */
      static const Token one = { "1", 1 };
      Select *pSel;
      SelectDest dest;

      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, ++pParse->nMem);
      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
................................................................................
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  assert( z || v==0 || sqlite3VdbeDb(v)->mallocFailed );


  if( z ){
    double value;
    char *zV;
    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value);
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(value) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem);
    }else{
................................................................................
*/
static void codeInteger(Vdbe *v, Expr *pExpr, int negFlag, int iMem){
  const char *z;
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
    int i = pExpr->iTable;
    if( negFlag ) i = -i;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else if( (z = pExpr->zToken)!=0 ){
    int i;
    int n = sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->zToken);
    assert( !sqlite3Isdigit(z[n]) );
    if( sqlite3GetInt32(z, &i) ){
      if( negFlag ) i = -i;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
    }else if( sqlite3FitsIn64Bits(z, negFlag) ){
      i64 value;
      char *zV;
      sqlite3Atoi64(z, &value);
      if( negFlag ) value = -value;
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
      codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Clear a cache entry.
*/
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      codeInteger(v, pExpr, 0, target);
      break;
    }
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      codeReal(v, pExpr->zToken, 0, target);
      break;
    }
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, target, 0, pExpr->zToken, 0);

      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      int n;
      const char *z;
      char *zBlob;
      assert( pExpr->zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->zToken[0]=='X' );
      assert( pExpr->zToken[1]=='\'' );
      z = &pExpr->zToken[2];
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z) - 1;
      assert( z[n]=='\'' );

      zBlob = sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), z, n);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, n/2, target, 0, zBlob, P4_DYNAMIC);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      int iPrior;
      VdbeOp *pOp;
      assert( pExpr->zToken!=0 );
      assert( pExpr->zToken[0]!=0 );
      if( pExpr->zToken[1]==0
         && (iPrior = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1)>=0
         && (pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, iPrior))->opcode==OP_Variable
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3==pExpr->iTable
         && pOp->p2+pOp->p3==target
         && pOp->p4.z==0
      ){
        /* If the previous instruction was a copy of the previous unnamed
................................................................................
        ** parameter into the previous register, then simply increment the
        ** repeat count on the prior instruction rather than making a new
        ** instruction.
        */
        pOp->p3++;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iTable, target, 1);
        if( pExpr->zToken[1]!=0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pExpr->zToken, 0);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      inReg = pExpr->iTable;
      break;
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->zToken);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
      assert( pLeft );
      if( pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT ){
        codeReal(v, pLeft->zToken, 1, target);
      }else if( pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        codeInteger(v, pLeft, 1, target);
      }else{
        regFree1 = r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, r1);
        r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, r2, r1, target);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate: %s()", pExpr->zToken);

      }else{
        inReg = pInfo->aFunc[pExpr->iAgg].iMem;
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      zId = pExpr->zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zId, nId, nFarg, enc, 0);
      assert( pDef!=0 );
      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
      if( pExpr->affinity!=OE_Ignore ){
         assert( pExpr->affinity==OE_Rollback ||
                 pExpr->affinity == OE_Abort ||
                 pExpr->affinity == OE_Fail );
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, pExpr->affinity, 0,
                           pExpr->zToken, 0);
      } else {
         assert( pExpr->affinity == OE_Ignore );
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ContextPop, 0, 0);
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pParse->trigStack->ignoreJump);
         VdbeComment((v, "raise(IGNORE)"));
      }
      break;
................................................................................
      if( !sqlite3ExprCompare(pExprA, pExprB) ) return 0;
    }
  }else if( pA->x.pList || pB->x.pList ){
    return 0;
  }

  if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable || pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 0;
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->zToken ){
    if( pB->zToken==0 ) return 0;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pA->zToken,pB->zToken)!=0 ){

      return 0;
    }
  }
  return 1;
}


................................................................................
          i = addAggInfoFunc(pParse->db, pAggInfo);
          if( i>=0 ){
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
            pItem = &pAggInfo->aFunc[i];
            pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
            pItem->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
            pItem->pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
                   pExpr->zToken, sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->zToken),
                   pExpr->x.pList ? pExpr->x.pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
            if( pExpr->flags & EP_Distinct ){
              pItem->iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }

Changes to src/func.c.

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
....
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
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1378
1379
** This file contains the C functions that implement various SQL
** functions of SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqliteRegisterBuildinFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** $Id: func.c,v 1.234 2009/04/20 12:07:37 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
................................................................................
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_FUNCTION 
   || !pExpr->x.pList 
   || pExpr->x.pList->nExpr!=2
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n, 2,
                             SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( NEVER(pDef==0) || (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* The memcpy() statement assumes that the wildcard characters are
  ** the first three statements in the compareInfo structure.  The
  ** asserts() that follow verify that assumption







|







 







|
|







12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
....
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
** This file contains the C functions that implement various SQL
** functions of SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqliteRegisterBuildinFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** $Id: func.c,v 1.235 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
................................................................................
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_FUNCTION 
   || !pExpr->x.pList 
   || pExpr->x.pList->nExpr!=2
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, pExpr->zToken, sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->zToken),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( NEVER(pDef==0) || (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* The memcpy() statement assumes that the wildcard characters are
  ** the first three statements in the compareInfo structure.  The
  ** asserts() that follow verify that assumption

Changes to src/parse.y.

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11
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...
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723












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...
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985
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....
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....
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1120
1121
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1127
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....
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**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains SQLite's grammar for SQL.  Process this file
** using the lemon parser generator to generate C code that runs
** the parser.  Lemon will also generate a header file containing
** numeric codes for all of the tokens.
**
** @(#) $Id: parse.y,v 1.276 2009/05/11 18:22:31 drh Exp $
*/

// All token codes are small integers with #defines that begin with "TK_"
%token_prefix TK_

// The type of the data attached to each token is Token.  This is also the
// default type for non-terminals.
................................................................................
// CREATE TABLE statement.  This includes the column name, its
// datatype, and other keywords such as PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, REFERENCES,
// NOT NULL and so forth.
//
column(A) ::= columnid(X) type carglist. {
  A.z = X.z;
  A.n = (int)(pParse->sLastToken.z-X.z) + pParse->sLastToken.n;
  A.quoted = 0;
  A.dyn = 0;
}
columnid(A) ::= nm(X). {
  sqlite3AddColumn(pParse,&X);
  A = X;
}


................................................................................
// "carglist" is a list of additional constraints that come after the
// column name and column type in a CREATE TABLE statement.
//
carglist ::= carglist carg.
carglist ::= .
carg ::= CONSTRAINT nm ccons.
carg ::= ccons.
ccons ::= DEFAULT term(X).            {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr(X) RP.      {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT PLUS term(X).       {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS(A) term(X).      {

  Expr *p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(p,&A,&X->span);


  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,p);
}
ccons ::= DEFAULT id(X).              {

  Expr *p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_STRING, 0, 0, &X);
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,p);
}

// In addition to the type name, we also care about the primary key and
// UNIQUE constraints.
//
ccons ::= NULL onconf.
ccons ::= NOT NULL onconf(R).               {sqlite3AddNotNull(pParse, R);}
ccons ::= PRIMARY KEY sortorder(Z) onconf(R) autoinc(I).
                                     {sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(pParse,0,R,I,Z);}
ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf(R).    {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,0,R,0,0,0,0);}
ccons ::= CHECK LP expr(X) RP.       {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,X);}
ccons ::= REFERENCES nm(T) idxlist_opt(TA) refargs(R).
                                {sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse,0,&T,TA,R);}
ccons ::= defer_subclause(D).   {sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse,D);}
ccons ::= COLLATE ids(C).  {sqlite3AddCollateType(pParse, &C);}

// The optional AUTOINCREMENT keyword
%type autoinc {int}
autoinc(X) ::= .          {X = 0;}
autoinc(X) ::= AUTOINCR.  {X = 1;}

// The next group of rules parses the arguments to a REFERENCES clause
................................................................................
conslist_opt(A) ::= .                   {A.n = 0; A.z = 0;}
conslist_opt(A) ::= COMMA(X) conslist.  {A = X;}
conslist ::= conslist COMMA tcons.
conslist ::= conslist tcons.
conslist ::= tcons.
tcons ::= CONSTRAINT nm.
tcons ::= PRIMARY KEY LP idxlist(X) autoinc(I) RP onconf(R).
                                         {sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(pParse,X,R,I,0);}
tcons ::= UNIQUE LP idxlist(X) RP onconf(R).
                                 {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,X,R,0,0,0,0);}
tcons ::= CHECK LP expr(E) RP onconf. {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,E);}

tcons ::= FOREIGN KEY LP idxlist(FA) RP
          REFERENCES nm(T) idxlist_opt(TA) refargs(R) defer_subclause_opt(D). {
    sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse, FA, &T, TA, R);
    sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse, D);
}
%type defer_subclause_opt {int}
defer_subclause_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
................................................................................
%type selcollist {ExprList*}
%destructor selcollist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sclp {ExprList*}
%destructor sclp {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
sclp(A) ::= selcollist(X) COMMA.             {A = X;}
sclp(A) ::= .                                {A = 0;}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) expr(X) as(Y).     {
   A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,P,X,Y.n?&Y:0);


}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) STAR. {
  Expr *p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ALL, 0, 0, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, P, p, 0);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) nm(X) DOT STAR(Y). {
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ALL, 0, 0, &Y);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,P, pDot, 0);
}

// An option "AS <id>" phrase that can follow one of the expressions that
// define the result set, or one of the tables in the FROM clause.
//
%type as {Token}
as(X) ::= AS nm(Y).    {X = Y;}
................................................................................
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.         { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0); }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.   { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                                       { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C); }

%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).   {N = E;}
on_opt(N) ::= .             {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
................................................................................
%destructor sortlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sortitem {Expr*}
%destructor sortitem {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

orderby_opt(A) ::= .                          {A = 0;}
orderby_opt(A) ::= ORDER BY sortlist(X).      {A = X;}
sortlist(A) ::= sortlist(X) COMMA sortitem(Y) sortorder(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y,0);
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
sortlist(A) ::= sortitem(Y) sortorder(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,Y,0);
  if( A && A->a ) A->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
sortitem(A) ::= expr(X).   {A = X;}

%type sortorder {int}

sortorder(A) ::= ASC.           {A = SQLITE_SO_ASC;}
sortorder(A) ::= DESC.          {A = SQLITE_SO_DESC;}
sortorder(A) ::= .              {A = SQLITE_SO_ASC;}

................................................................................
%destructor groupby_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
groupby_opt(A) ::= .                      {A = 0;}
groupby_opt(A) ::= GROUP BY nexprlist(X). {A = X;}

%type having_opt {Expr*}
%destructor having_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
having_opt(A) ::= .                {A = 0;}
having_opt(A) ::= HAVING expr(X).  {A = X;}

%type limit_opt {struct LimitVal}

// The destructor for limit_opt will never fire in the current grammar.
// The limit_opt non-terminal only occurs at the end of a single production
// rule for SELECT statements.  As soon as the rule that create the 
// limit_opt non-terminal reduces, the SELECT statement rule will also
................................................................................
// reduce.  So there is never a limit_opt non-terminal on the stack 
// except as a transient.  So there is never anything to destroy.
//
//%destructor limit_opt {
//  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pLimit);
//  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pOffset);
//}
limit_opt(A) ::= .                     {A.pLimit = 0; A.pOffset = 0;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X).        {A.pLimit = X; A.pOffset = 0;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) OFFSET expr(Y). 
                                       {A.pLimit = X; A.pOffset = Y;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) COMMA expr(Y). 
                                       {A.pOffset = X; A.pLimit = Y;}

/////////////////////////// The DELETE statement /////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= DELETE FROM fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W) 
        orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
................................................................................
}
%endif

%type where_opt {Expr*}
%destructor where_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

where_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
where_opt(A) ::= WHERE expr(X).       {A = X;}

////////////////////////// The UPDATE command ////////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= UPDATE orconf(R) fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y) where_opt(W) orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
................................................................................
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R);
}
%endif

%type setlist {ExprList*}
%destructor setlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

setlist(A) ::= setlist(Z) COMMA nm(X) EQ expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,Z,Y,&X);}


setlist(A) ::= nm(X) EQ expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,Y,&X);}



////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) inscollist_opt(F) 
        VALUES LP itemlist(Y) RP.
            {sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, Y, 0, F, R);}
cmd ::= insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) inscollist_opt(F) select(S).
................................................................................
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}


%type itemlist {ExprList*}
%destructor itemlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

itemlist(A) ::= itemlist(X) COMMA expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y,0);}
itemlist(A) ::= expr(X).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,X,0);}

%type inscollist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type inscollist {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

inscollist_opt(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}
................................................................................
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,X,&Y);}
inscollist(A) ::= nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,0,&Y);}

/////////////////////////// Expression Processing /////////////////////////////
//

%type expr {Expr*}
%destructor expr {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type term {Expr*}
%destructor term {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}






















expr(A) ::= term(X).             {A = X;}
expr(A) ::= LP(B) expr(X) RP(E). {A = X; sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&E); }
term(A) ::= NULL(X).             {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @X, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= id(X).               {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= JOIN_KW(X).          {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);

}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y) DOT nm(Z). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Z);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3, 0);
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4, 0);

}
term(A) ::= INTEGER|FLOAT|BLOB(X).  {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @X, 0, 0, &X);}
term(A) ::= STRING(X).       {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @X, 0, 0, &X);}
expr(A) ::= REGISTER(X).     {A = sqlite3RegisterExpr(pParse, &X);}












expr(A) ::= VARIABLE(X).     {
  Token *pToken = &X;
  Expr *pExpr = A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_VARIABLE, 0, 0, pToken);
  sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(pParse, pExpr);

}
expr(A) ::= expr(E) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A = sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, E, &C);


}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, E, 0, &T);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X,&Y);
}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP distinct(D) exprlist(Y) RP(E). {
  if( Y && Y->nExpr>SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &X);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, Y, &X);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X,&E);
  if( D && A ){
    A->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP STAR RP(E). {
  A = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &X);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X,&E);
}
term(A) ::= CTIME_KW(OP). {
  /* The CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE, and CURRENT_TIMESTAMP values are
  ** treated as functions that return constants */
  A = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0,&OP);
  if( A ){
    A->op = TK_CONST_FUNC;  
    A->span = OP;
  }

}


















expr(A) ::= expr(X) AND(OP) expr(Y).       {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) OR(OP) expr(Y).        {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LT|GT|GE|LE(OP) expr(Y).
                                           {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) EQ|NE(OP) expr(Y).     {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) BITAND|BITOR|LSHIFT|RSHIFT(OP) expr(Y).
                                           {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) PLUS|MINUS(OP) expr(Y).{A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) STAR|SLASH|REM(OP) expr(Y).
                                           {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) CONCAT(OP) expr(Y).    {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,@OP,X,Y,0);}
%type likeop {struct LikeOp}
likeop(A) ::= LIKE_KW(X).     {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 0;}
likeop(A) ::= NOT LIKE_KW(X). {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 1;}
likeop(A) ::= MATCH(X).       {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 0;}
likeop(A) ::= NOT MATCH(X).   {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 1;}
%type escape {Expr*}
%destructor escape {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
escape(X) ::= ESCAPE expr(A). [ESCAPE] {X = A;}
escape(X) ::= .               [ESCAPE] {X = 0;}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) likeop(OP) expr(Y) escape(E).  [LIKE_KW]  {
  ExprList *pList;
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, Y, 0);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, X, 0);
  if( E ){
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, E, 0);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, pList, &OP.eOperator);
  if( OP.not ) A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A, &X->span, &Y->span);

  if( A ) A->flags |= EP_InfixFunc;
}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) ISNULL|NOTNULL(E). {










  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @E, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);


}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) IS NULL(E). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ISNULL, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);
}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) NOT NULL(E). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOTNULL, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);
}



expr(A) ::= expr(X) IS NOT NULL(E). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOTNULL, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);

}
expr(A) ::= NOT(B) expr(X). {










  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @B, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&X->span);


}
expr(A) ::= BITNOT(B) expr(X). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, @B, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&X->span);
}
expr(A) ::= MINUS(B) expr(X). [UMINUS] {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&X->span);
}






expr(A) ::= PLUS(B) expr(X). [UPLUS] {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UPLUS, X, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&X->span);

}
%type between_op {int}
between_op(A) ::= BETWEEN.     {A = 0;}
between_op(A) ::= NOT BETWEEN. {A = 1;}
expr(A) ::= expr(W) between_op(N) expr(X) AND expr(Y). [BETWEEN] {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, X, 0);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, Y, 0);
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, W, 0, 0);
  if( A ){
    A->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  if( N ) A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A, 0, 0);
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&W->span,&Y->span);

}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  %type in_op {int}
  in_op(A) ::= IN.      {A = 0;}
  in_op(A) ::= NOT IN.  {A = 1;}
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) LP exprlist(Y) RP(E). [IN] {
    A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X, 0, 0);
    if( A ){
      A->x.pList = Y;
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }
    if( N ) A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);

  }
  expr(A) ::= LP(B) select(X) RP(E). {
    A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
    if( A ){
      A->x.pSelect = X;
      ExprSetProperty(A, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
    }
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&B,&E);

  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) LP select(Y) RP(E).  [IN] {
    A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X, 0, 0);
    if( A ){
      A->x.pSelect = Y;
      ExprSetProperty(A, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }
    if( N ) A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,&E);

  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) nm(Y) dbnm(Z). [IN] {
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&Y,&Z);
    A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X, 0, 0);
    if( A ){
      A->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
      ExprSetProperty(A, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
    }else{
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, pSrc);
    }
    if( N ) A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A,&X->span,Z.z?&Z:&Y);

  }
  expr(A) ::= EXISTS(B) LP select(Y) RP(E). {
    Expr *p = A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0, 0);
    if( p ){
      p->x.pSelect = Y;
      ExprSetProperty(A, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSpan(p,&B,&E);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }


  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, Z, 0);
  if( A ){
    A->x.pList = Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
  }
  sqlite3ExprSpan(A, &C, &E);

}
%type case_exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor case_exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_exprlist(A) ::= case_exprlist(X) WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, Y, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, Z, 0);
}
case_exprlist(A) ::= WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, Y, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, Z, 0);
}
%type case_else {Expr*}
%destructor case_else {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_else(A) ::=  ELSE expr(X).         {A = X;}
case_else(A) ::=  .                     {A = 0;} 
%type case_operand {Expr*}
%destructor case_operand {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_operand(A) ::= expr(X).            {A = X;} 
case_operand(A) ::= .                   {A = 0;} 

%type exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type nexprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor nexprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

exprlist(A) ::= nexprlist(X).                {A = X;}
exprlist(A) ::= .                            {A = 0;}
nexprlist(A) ::= nexprlist(X) COMMA expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y,0);}
nexprlist(A) ::= expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,Y,0);}


///////////////////////////// The CREATE INDEX command ///////////////////////
//
cmd ::= createkw(S) uniqueflag(U) INDEX ifnotexists(NE) nm(X) dbnm(D)
        ON nm(Y) LP idxlist(Z) RP(E). {
  sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, &X, &D, 
................................................................................
%destructor idxlist_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

idxlist_opt(A) ::= .                         {A = 0;}
idxlist_opt(A) ::= LP idxlist(X) RP.         {A = X;}
idxlist(A) ::= idxlist(X) COMMA nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z).  {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, p, &Y);

  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
idxlist(A) ::= nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z). {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, p, &Y);

  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}

%type collate {Token}
collate(C) ::= .                {C.z = 0; C.n = 0;}
collate(C) ::= COLLATE ids(X).   {C = X;}


///////////////////////////// The DROP INDEX command /////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= DROP INDEX ifexists(E) fullname(X).   {sqlite3DropIndex(pParse, X, E);}

................................................................................

foreach_clause ::= .
foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW.

%type when_clause {Expr*}
%destructor when_clause {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
when_clause(A) ::= .             { A = 0; }
when_clause(A) ::= WHEN expr(X). { A = X; }

%type trigger_cmd_list {TriggerStep*}
%destructor trigger_cmd_list {sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pParse->db, $$);}
trigger_cmd_list(A) ::= trigger_cmd_list(Y) trigger_cmd(X) SEMI. {
/*
  if( Y ){
    Y->pLast->pNext = X;
  }else{
    Y = X;
  }
*/
  assert( Y!=0 );
  Y->pLast->pNext = X;
  Y->pLast = X;
  A = Y;
}
trigger_cmd_list(A) ::= trigger_cmd(X) SEMI. { 
  /* if( X ) */
  assert( X!=0 );
  X->pLast = X;
  A = X;
}

%type trigger_cmd {TriggerStep*}
%destructor trigger_cmd {sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................
               {A = sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(pParse->db, &X, Y);}

// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= select(X).  {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X); }

// The special RAISE expression that may occur in trigger programs
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP IGNORE RP(Y).  {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, 0); 
  if( A ){
    A->affinity = OE_Ignore;
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A, &X, &Y);
  }


}
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP raisetype(T) COMMA nm(Z) RP(Y).  {
  A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, &Z); 
  if( A ) {
    A->affinity = (char)T;
    sqlite3ExprSpan(A, &X, &Y);
  }


}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

%type raisetype {int}
raisetype(A) ::= ROLLBACK.  {A = OE_Rollback;}
raisetype(A) ::= ABORT.     {A = OE_Abort;}
raisetype(A) ::= FAIL.      {A = OE_Fail;}
................................................................................
  sqlite3DropTrigger(pParse,X,NOERR);
}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

//////////////////////// ATTACH DATABASE file AS name /////////////////////////
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
cmd ::= ATTACH database_kw_opt expr(F) AS expr(D) key_opt(K). {
  sqlite3Attach(pParse, F, D, K);
}
cmd ::= DETACH database_kw_opt expr(D). {
  sqlite3Detach(pParse, D);
}

%type key_opt {Expr*}
%destructor key_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
key_opt(A) ::= .                     { A = 0; }
key_opt(A) ::= KEY expr(X).          { A = X; }

database_kw_opt ::= DATABASE.
database_kw_opt ::= .
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH

////////////////////////// REINDEX collation //////////////////////////////////
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX







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**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains SQLite's grammar for SQL.  Process this file
** using the lemon parser generator to generate C code that runs
** the parser.  Lemon will also generate a header file containing
** numeric codes for all of the tokens.
**
** @(#) $Id: parse.y,v 1.277 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/

// All token codes are small integers with #defines that begin with "TK_"
%token_prefix TK_

// The type of the data attached to each token is Token.  This is also the
// default type for non-terminals.
................................................................................
// CREATE TABLE statement.  This includes the column name, its
// datatype, and other keywords such as PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, REFERENCES,
// NOT NULL and so forth.
//
column(A) ::= columnid(X) type carglist. {
  A.z = X.z;
  A.n = (int)(pParse->sLastToken.z-X.z) + pParse->sLastToken.n;


}
columnid(A) ::= nm(X). {
  sqlite3AddColumn(pParse,&X);
  A = X;
}


................................................................................
// "carglist" is a list of additional constraints that come after the
// column name and column type in a CREATE TABLE statement.
//
carglist ::= carglist carg.
carglist ::= .
carg ::= CONSTRAINT nm ccons.
carg ::= ccons.
ccons ::= DEFAULT term(X).            {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr(X) RP.      {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT PLUS term(X).       {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS(A) term(X).      {
  ExprSpan v;
  v.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, X.pExpr, 0, 0);

  v.zStart = A.z;
  v.zEnd = X.zEnd;
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}
ccons ::= DEFAULT id(X).              {
  ExprSpan v;
  spanExpr(&v, pParse, TK_STRING, &X);
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}

// In addition to the type name, we also care about the primary key and
// UNIQUE constraints.
//
ccons ::= NULL onconf.
ccons ::= NOT NULL onconf(R).    {sqlite3AddNotNull(pParse, R);}
ccons ::= PRIMARY KEY sortorder(Z) onconf(R) autoinc(I).
                                 {sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(pParse,0,R,I,Z);}
ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf(R).      {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,0,R,0,0,0,0);}
ccons ::= CHECK LP expr(X) RP.   {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,X.pExpr);}
ccons ::= REFERENCES nm(T) idxlist_opt(TA) refargs(R).
                                 {sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse,0,&T,TA,R);}
ccons ::= defer_subclause(D).    {sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse,D);}
ccons ::= COLLATE ids(C).        {sqlite3AddCollateType(pParse, &C);}

// The optional AUTOINCREMENT keyword
%type autoinc {int}
autoinc(X) ::= .          {X = 0;}
autoinc(X) ::= AUTOINCR.  {X = 1;}

// The next group of rules parses the arguments to a REFERENCES clause
................................................................................
conslist_opt(A) ::= .                   {A.n = 0; A.z = 0;}
conslist_opt(A) ::= COMMA(X) conslist.  {A = X;}
conslist ::= conslist COMMA tcons.
conslist ::= conslist tcons.
conslist ::= tcons.
tcons ::= CONSTRAINT nm.
tcons ::= PRIMARY KEY LP idxlist(X) autoinc(I) RP onconf(R).
                                 {sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(pParse,X,R,I,0);}
tcons ::= UNIQUE LP idxlist(X) RP onconf(R).
                                 {sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,X,R,0,0,0,0);}
tcons ::= CHECK LP expr(E) RP onconf.
                                 {sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,E.pExpr);}
tcons ::= FOREIGN KEY LP idxlist(FA) RP
          REFERENCES nm(T) idxlist_opt(TA) refargs(R) defer_subclause_opt(D). {
    sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse, FA, &T, TA, R);
    sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse, D);
}
%type defer_subclause_opt {int}
defer_subclause_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
................................................................................
%type selcollist {ExprList*}
%destructor selcollist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sclp {ExprList*}
%destructor sclp {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
sclp(A) ::= selcollist(X) COMMA.             {A = X;}
sclp(A) ::= .                                {A = 0;}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) expr(X) as(Y).     {
   A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, P, X.pExpr);
   if( Y.n>0 ) sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &Y, 1);
   sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(pParse,A,&X);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) STAR. {
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ALL, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, P, p);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(P) nm(X) DOT STAR(Y). {
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ALL, 0, 0, &Y);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,P, pDot);
}

// An option "AS <id>" phrase that can follow one of the expressions that
// define the result set, or one of the tables in the FROM clause.
//
%type as {Token}
as(X) ::= AS nm(Y).    {X = Y;}
................................................................................
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.         { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0); }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.   { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                                       { X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C); }

%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).   {N = E.pExpr;}
on_opt(N) ::= .             {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
................................................................................
%destructor sortlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sortitem {Expr*}
%destructor sortitem {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

orderby_opt(A) ::= .                          {A = 0;}
orderby_opt(A) ::= ORDER BY sortlist(X).      {A = X;}
sortlist(A) ::= sortlist(X) COMMA sortitem(Y) sortorder(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y);
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
sortlist(A) ::= sortitem(Y) sortorder(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,Y);
  if( A && A->a ) A->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
sortitem(A) ::= expr(X).   {A = X.pExpr;}

%type sortorder {int}

sortorder(A) ::= ASC.           {A = SQLITE_SO_ASC;}
sortorder(A) ::= DESC.          {A = SQLITE_SO_DESC;}
sortorder(A) ::= .              {A = SQLITE_SO_ASC;}

................................................................................
%destructor groupby_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
groupby_opt(A) ::= .                      {A = 0;}
groupby_opt(A) ::= GROUP BY nexprlist(X). {A = X;}

%type having_opt {Expr*}
%destructor having_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
having_opt(A) ::= .                {A = 0;}
having_opt(A) ::= HAVING expr(X).  {A = X.pExpr;}

%type limit_opt {struct LimitVal}

// The destructor for limit_opt will never fire in the current grammar.
// The limit_opt non-terminal only occurs at the end of a single production
// rule for SELECT statements.  As soon as the rule that create the 
// limit_opt non-terminal reduces, the SELECT statement rule will also
................................................................................
// reduce.  So there is never a limit_opt non-terminal on the stack 
// except as a transient.  So there is never anything to destroy.
//
//%destructor limit_opt {
//  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pLimit);
//  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pOffset);
//}
limit_opt(A) ::= .                    {A.pLimit = 0; A.pOffset = 0;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X).       {A.pLimit = X.pExpr; A.pOffset = 0;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) OFFSET expr(Y). 
                                      {A.pLimit = X.pExpr; A.pOffset = Y.pExpr;}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) COMMA expr(Y). 
                                      {A.pOffset = X.pExpr; A.pLimit = Y.pExpr;}

/////////////////////////// The DELETE statement /////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= DELETE FROM fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W) 
        orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
................................................................................
}
%endif

%type where_opt {Expr*}
%destructor where_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

where_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
where_opt(A) ::= WHERE expr(X).       {A = X.pExpr;}

////////////////////////// The UPDATE command ////////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= UPDATE orconf(R) fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y) where_opt(W) orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
................................................................................
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R);
}
%endif

%type setlist {ExprList*}
%destructor setlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

setlist(A) ::= setlist(Z) COMMA nm(X) EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, Z, Y.pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &X, 1);
}
setlist(A) ::= nm(X) EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, Y.pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &X, 1);
}

////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) inscollist_opt(F) 
        VALUES LP itemlist(Y) RP.
            {sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, Y, 0, F, R);}
cmd ::= insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) inscollist_opt(F) select(S).
................................................................................
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}


%type itemlist {ExprList*}
%destructor itemlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

itemlist(A) ::= itemlist(X) COMMA expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y.pExpr);}
itemlist(A) ::= expr(X).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,X.pExpr);}

%type inscollist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type inscollist {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

inscollist_opt(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}
................................................................................
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,X,&Y);}
inscollist(A) ::= nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,0,&Y);}

/////////////////////////// Expression Processing /////////////////////////////
//

%type expr {ExprSpan}
%destructor expr {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pExpr);}
%type term {ExprSpan}
%destructor term {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pExpr);}

%include {
  /* This is a utility routine used to set the ExprSpan.zStart and
  ** ExprSpan.zEnd values of pOut so that the span covers the complete
  ** range of text beginning with pStart and going to the end of pEnd.
  */
  static void spanSet(ExprSpan *pOut, Token *pStart, Token *pEnd){
    pOut->zStart = pStart->z;
    pOut->zEnd = &pEnd->z[pEnd->n];
  }

  /* Construct a new Expr object from a single identifier.  Use the
  ** new Expr to populate pOut.  Set the span of pOut to be the identifier
  ** that created the expression.
  */
  static void spanExpr(ExprSpan *pOut, Parse *pParse, int op, Token *pValue){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, 0, 0, pValue);
    pOut->zStart = pValue->z;
    pOut->zEnd = &pValue->z[pValue->n];
  }
}

expr(A) ::= term(X).             {A = X;}
expr(A) ::= LP(B) expr(X) RP(E). {A.pExpr = X.pExpr; spanSet(&A,&B,&E);}
term(A) ::= NULL(X).             {spanExpr(&A, pParse, @X, &X);}
expr(A) ::= id(X).               {spanExpr(&A, pParse, TK_ID, &X);}
expr(A) ::= JOIN_KW(X).          {spanExpr(&A, pParse, TK_ID, &X);}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);
}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y) DOT nm(Z). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Y);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &Z);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3, 0);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4, 0);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Z);
}
term(A) ::= INTEGER|FLOAT|BLOB(X).  {spanExpr(&A, pParse, @X, &X);}
term(A) ::= STRING(X).              {spanExpr(&A, pParse, @X, &X);}
expr(A) ::= REGISTER(X).     {
  /* When doing a nested parse, one can include terms in an expression
  ** that look like this:   #1 #2 ...  These terms refer to registers
  ** in the virtual machine.  #N is the N-th register. */
  if( pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &X);
    A.pExpr = 0;
  }else{
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0, &X);
    if( A.pExpr ) sqlite3GetInt32(&X.z[1], &A.pExpr->iTable);
  }
  spanSet(&A, &X, &X);
}
expr(A) ::= VARIABLE(X).     {

  spanExpr(&A, pParse, TK_VARIABLE, &X);
  sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(pParse, A.pExpr);
  spanSet(&A, &X, &X);
}
expr(A) ::= expr(E) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, E.pExpr, &C);
  A.zStart = E.zStart;
  A.zEnd = &C.z[C.n];
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, E.pExpr, 0, &T);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);
}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP distinct(D) exprlist(Y) RP(E). {
  if( Y && Y->nExpr>SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &X);
  }
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, Y, &X);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&E);
  if( D && A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
expr(A) ::= ID(X) LP STAR RP(E). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &X);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&E);
}
term(A) ::= CTIME_KW(OP). {
  /* The CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE, and CURRENT_TIMESTAMP values are
  ** treated as functions that return constants */
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0,&OP);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->op = TK_CONST_FUNC;  

  }
  spanSet(&A, &OP, &OP);
}

%include {
  /* This routine constructs a binary expression node out of two ExprSpan
  ** objects and uses the result to populate a new ExprSpan object.
  */
  static void spanBinaryExpr(
    ExprSpan *pOut,     /* Write the result here */
    Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context.  Errors accumulate here */
    int op,             /* The binary operation */
    ExprSpan *pLeft,    /* The left operand */
    ExprSpan *pRight    /* The right operand */
  ){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pLeft->pExpr, pRight->pExpr, 0);
    pOut->zStart = pLeft->zStart;
    pOut->zEnd = pRight->zEnd;
  }
}

expr(A) ::= expr(X) AND(OP) expr(Y).    {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) OR(OP) expr(Y).     {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) LT|GT|GE|LE(OP) expr(Y).

                                        {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) EQ|NE(OP) expr(Y).  {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) BITAND|BITOR|LSHIFT|RSHIFT(OP) expr(Y).

                                        {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) PLUS|MINUS(OP) expr(Y).
                                        {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) STAR|SLASH|REM(OP) expr(Y).

                                        {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) CONCAT(OP) expr(Y). {spanBinaryExpr(&A,pParse,@OP,&X,&Y);}
%type likeop {struct LikeOp}
likeop(A) ::= LIKE_KW(X).     {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 0;}
likeop(A) ::= NOT LIKE_KW(X). {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 1;}
likeop(A) ::= MATCH(X).       {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 0;}
likeop(A) ::= NOT MATCH(X).   {A.eOperator = X; A.not = 1;}
%type escape {ExprSpan}
%destructor escape {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pExpr);}
escape(X) ::= ESCAPE expr(A). [ESCAPE] {X = A;}
escape(X) ::= .               [ESCAPE] {memset(&X,0,sizeof(X));}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) likeop(OP) expr(Y) escape(E).  [LIKE_KW]  {
  ExprList *pList;
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, Y.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, X.pExpr);
  if( E.pExpr ){
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, E.pExpr);
  }
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, pList, &OP.eOperator);
  if( OP.not ) A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
  A.zStart = X.zStart;
  A.zEnd = Y.zEnd;
  if( A.pExpr ) A.pExpr->flags |= EP_InfixFunc;
}


%include {
  /* Construct an expression node for a unary postfix operator
  */
  static void spanUnaryPostfix(
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPostOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);

    pOut->zStart = pOperand->zStart;
    pOut->zEnd = &pPostOp->z[pPostOp->n];
  }                           



}




expr(A) ::= expr(X) ISNULL|NOTNULL(E).   {spanUnaryPostfix(&A,pParse,@E,&X,&E);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) IS NULL(E).   {spanUnaryPostfix(&A,pParse,TK_ISNULL,&X,&E);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) NOT NULL(E). {spanUnaryPostfix(&A,pParse,TK_NOTNULL,&X,&E);}
expr(A) ::= expr(X) IS NOT NULL(E).


                                 {spanUnaryPostfix(&A,pParse,TK_NOTNULL,&X,&E);}


%include {
  /* Construct an expression node for a unary prefix operator
  */
  static void spanUnaryPrefix(
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);

    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }



}






expr(A) ::= NOT(B) expr(X).    {spanUnaryPrefix(&A,pParse,@B,&X,&B);}
expr(A) ::= BITNOT(B) expr(X). {spanUnaryPrefix(&A,pParse,@B,&X,&B);}
expr(A) ::= MINUS(B) expr(X). [UMINUS]
                               {spanUnaryPrefix(&A,pParse,TK_UMINUS,&X,&B);}
expr(A) ::= PLUS(B) expr(X). [UPLUS]


                               {spanUnaryPrefix(&A,pParse,TK_UPLUS,&X,&B);}

%type between_op {int}
between_op(A) ::= BETWEEN.     {A = 0;}
between_op(A) ::= NOT BETWEEN. {A = 1;}
expr(A) ::= expr(W) between_op(N) expr(X) AND expr(Y). [BETWEEN] {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, X.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, Y.pExpr);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, W.pExpr, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  if( N ) A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
  A.zStart = W.zStart;
  A.zEnd = Y.zEnd;
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  %type in_op {int}
  in_op(A) ::= IN.      {A = 0;}
  in_op(A) ::= NOT IN.  {A = 1;}
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) LP exprlist(Y) RP(E). [IN] {
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
    if( A.pExpr ){
      A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }
    if( N ) A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
    A.zStart = X.zStart;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= LP(B) select(X) RP(E). {
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
    if( A.pExpr ){
      A.pExpr->x.pSelect = X;
      ExprSetProperty(A.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
    }
    A.zStart = B.z;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) LP select(Y) RP(E).  [IN] {
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
    if( A.pExpr ){
      A.pExpr->x.pSelect = Y;
      ExprSetProperty(A.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }
    if( N ) A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
    A.zStart = X.zStart;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(X) in_op(N) nm(Y) dbnm(Z). [IN] {
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&Y,&Z);
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
    if( A.pExpr ){
      A.pExpr->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
      ExprSetProperty(A.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
    }else{
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, pSrc);
    }
    if( N ) A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
    A.zStart = X.zStart;
    A.zEnd = Z.z ? &Z.z[Z.n] : &Y.z[Y.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= EXISTS(B) LP select(Y) RP(E). {
    Expr *p = A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0, 0);
    if( p ){
      p->x.pSelect = Y;
      ExprSetProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect);

      sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, p);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    }
    A.zStart = B.z;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, Z, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
  }
  A.zStart = C.z;
  A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
}
%type case_exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor case_exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_exprlist(A) ::= case_exprlist(X) WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, Y.pExpr);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, Z.pExpr);
}
case_exprlist(A) ::= WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, Y.pExpr);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, Z.pExpr);
}
%type case_else {Expr*}
%destructor case_else {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_else(A) ::=  ELSE expr(X).         {A = X.pExpr;}
case_else(A) ::=  .                     {A = 0;} 
%type case_operand {Expr*}
%destructor case_operand {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_operand(A) ::= expr(X).            {A = X.pExpr;} 
case_operand(A) ::= .                   {A = 0;} 

%type exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type nexprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor nexprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

exprlist(A) ::= nexprlist(X).                {A = X;}
exprlist(A) ::= .                            {A = 0;}
nexprlist(A) ::= nexprlist(X) COMMA expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X,Y.pExpr);}
nexprlist(A) ::= expr(Y).
    {A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,Y.pExpr);}


///////////////////////////// The CREATE INDEX command ///////////////////////
//
cmd ::= createkw(S) uniqueflag(U) INDEX ifnotexists(NE) nm(X) dbnm(D)
        ON nm(Y) LP idxlist(Z) RP(E). {
  sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, &X, &D, 
................................................................................
%destructor idxlist_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

idxlist_opt(A) ::= .                         {A = 0;}
idxlist_opt(A) ::= LP idxlist(X) RP.         {A = X;}
idxlist(A) ::= idxlist(X) COMMA nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z).  {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse,A,&Y,1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
idxlist(A) ::= nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z). {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &Y, 1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}

%type collate {Token}
collate(C) ::= .                 {C.z = 0; C.n = 0;}
collate(C) ::= COLLATE ids(X).   {C = X;}


///////////////////////////// The DROP INDEX command /////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= DROP INDEX ifexists(E) fullname(X).   {sqlite3DropIndex(pParse, X, E);}

................................................................................

foreach_clause ::= .
foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW.

%type when_clause {Expr*}
%destructor when_clause {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
when_clause(A) ::= .             { A = 0; }
when_clause(A) ::= WHEN expr(X). { A = X.pExpr; }

%type trigger_cmd_list {TriggerStep*}
%destructor trigger_cmd_list {sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pParse->db, $$);}
trigger_cmd_list(A) ::= trigger_cmd_list(Y) trigger_cmd(X) SEMI. {







  assert( Y!=0 );
  Y->pLast->pNext = X;
  Y->pLast = X;
  A = Y;
}
trigger_cmd_list(A) ::= trigger_cmd(X) SEMI. { 

  assert( X!=0 );
  X->pLast = X;
  A = X;
}

%type trigger_cmd {TriggerStep*}
%destructor trigger_cmd {sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................
               {A = sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(pParse->db, &X, Y);}

// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= select(X).  {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X); }

// The special RAISE expression that may occur in trigger programs
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP IGNORE RP(Y).  {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, 0); 
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;

  }
  A.zStart = X.z;
  A.zEnd = &Y.z[Y.n];
}
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP raisetype(T) COMMA nm(Z) RP(Y).  {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, &Z); 
  if( A.pExpr ) {
    A.pExpr->affinity = (char)T;

  }
  A.zStart = X.z;
  A.zEnd = &Y.z[Y.n];
}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

%type raisetype {int}
raisetype(A) ::= ROLLBACK.  {A = OE_Rollback;}
raisetype(A) ::= ABORT.     {A = OE_Abort;}
raisetype(A) ::= FAIL.      {A = OE_Fail;}
................................................................................
  sqlite3DropTrigger(pParse,X,NOERR);
}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

//////////////////////// ATTACH DATABASE file AS name /////////////////////////
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
cmd ::= ATTACH database_kw_opt expr(F) AS expr(D) key_opt(K). {
  sqlite3Attach(pParse, F.pExpr, D.pExpr, K);
}
cmd ::= DETACH database_kw_opt expr(D). {
  sqlite3Detach(pParse, D.pExpr);
}

%type key_opt {Expr*}
%destructor key_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
key_opt(A) ::= .                     { A = 0; }
key_opt(A) ::= KEY expr(X).          { A = X.pExpr; }

database_kw_opt ::= DATABASE.
database_kw_opt ::= .
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH

////////////////////////// REINDEX collation //////////////////////////////////
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX

Changes to src/pragma.c.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.209 2009/04/07 22:05:43 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Ignore this whole file if pragmas are disabled
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PARSER)

................................................................................
          continue;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-nHidden, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pCol->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->pDflt ){
          const Token *p = &pCol->pDflt->span;
          assert( p->z );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)p->z, p->n);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pCol->isPrimKey, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }







|







 







|
<
<
|







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836
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844
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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.210 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Ignore this whole file if pragmas are disabled
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PARSER)

................................................................................
          continue;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-nHidden, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pCol->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){


          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pCol->isPrimKey, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }

Changes to src/resolve.c.

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**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains routines used for walking the parser tree and
** resolve all identifiers by associating them with a particular
** table and column.
**
** $Id: resolve.c,v 1.22 2009/05/05 15:46:43 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

  assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pEList->nExpr );
  pOrig = pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
  assert( pOrig!=0 );
  assert( pOrig->flags & EP_Resolved );
  db = pParse->db;

  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pDup->token, &pOrig->token);
  if( pDup->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;











  }
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
    pDup->pColl = pExpr->pColl;
    pDup->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
  }
  sqlite3ExprClear(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
................................................................................
**    pExpr->pTab          Points to the Table structure of X.Y (even if
**                         X and/or Y are implied.)
**    pExpr->iColumn       Set to the column number within the table.
**    pExpr->op            Set to TK_COLUMN.
**    pExpr->pLeft         Any expression this points to is deleted
**    pExpr->pRight        Any expression this points to is deleted.
**
** The pDbToken is the name of the database (the "X").  This value may be
** NULL meaning that name is of the form Y.Z or Z.  Any available database
** can be used.  The pTableToken is the name of the table (the "Y").  This
** value can be NULL if pDbToken is also NULL.  If pTableToken is NULL it
** means that the form of the name is Z and that columns from any table
** can be used.
**
** If the name cannot be resolved unambiguously, leave an error message
** in pParse and return non-zero.  Return zero on success.
*/
static int lookupName(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  Token *pDbToken,     /* Name of the database containing table, or NULL */
  Token *pTableToken,  /* Name of table containing column, or NULL */
  Token *pColumnToken, /* Name of the column. */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context used to resolve the name */
  Expr *pExpr          /* Make this EXPR node point to the selected column */
){
  char *zDb = 0;       /* Name of the database.  The "X" in X.Y.Z */
  char *zTab = 0;      /* Name of the table.  The "Y" in X.Y.Z or Y.Z */
  char *zCol = 0;      /* Name of the column.  The "Z" */
  int i, j;            /* Loop counters */
  int cnt = 0;                      /* Number of matching column names */
  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */

  assert( pNC ); /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( pColumnToken && pColumnToken->z ); /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */

  /* Dequote and zero-terminate the names */
  zDb = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pDbToken);
  zTab = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pTableToken);
  zCol = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pColumnToken);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto lookupname_end;
  }

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;

  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
................................................................................
          Expr *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pSelect==0 );
          pOrig = pEList->a[j].pExpr;
          if( !pNC->allowAgg && ExprHasProperty(pOrig, EP_Agg) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aliased aggregate %s", zAs);
            sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
            return 2;
          }
          resolveAlias(pParse, pEList, j, pExpr, "");
          cnt = 1;
          pMatch = 0;
          assert( zTab==0 && zDb==0 );
          goto lookupname_end_2;
        }
      } 
    }

    /* Advance to the next name context.  The loop will exit when either
    ** we have a match (cnt>0) or when we run out of name contexts.
    */
................................................................................
  ** case, we need to return right away and not make any changes to
  ** pExpr.
  **
  ** Because no reference was made to outer contexts, the pNC->nRef
  ** fields are not changed in any context.
  */
  if( cnt==0 && zTab==0 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_DblQuoted) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    pExpr->pTab = 0;
    return 0;
  }

  /*
  ** cnt==0 means there was not match.  cnt>1 means there were two or
................................................................................
    if( n>=BMS ){
      n = BMS-1;
    }
    assert( pMatch->iCursor==pExpr->iTable );
    pMatch->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<n;
  }

lookupname_end:
  /* Clean up and return
  */
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zDb);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zTab);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
lookupname_end_2:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    /* Increment the nRef value on all name contexts from TopNC up to
    ** the point where the name matched. */
    for(;;){
      assert( pTopNC!=0 );
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */

    /* A lone identifier is the name of a column.
    */
    case TK_ID: {
      lookupName(pParse, 0, 0, &pExpr->token, pNC, pExpr);
      return WRC_Prune;
    }
  
    /* A table name and column name:     ID.ID
    ** Or a database, table and column:  ID.ID.ID
    */
    case TK_DOT: {
      Token *pColumn;
      Token *pTable;
      Token *pDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      /* if( pSrcList==0 ) break; */
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        pDb = 0;
        pTable = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->token;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
        pDb = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pTable = &pRight->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->pRight->token;
      }
      lookupName(pParse, pDb, pTable, pColumn, pNC, pExpr);
      return WRC_Prune;
    }

    /* Resolve function names
    */
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
................................................................................
      int auth;                   /* Authorization to use the function */
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      zId = (char*)pExpr->token.z;
      nId = pExpr->token.n;
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -1, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
................................................................................
static int resolveAsName(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context for error messages */
  ExprList *pEList,  /* List of expressions to scan */
  Expr *pE           /* Expression we are trying to match */
){
  int i;             /* Loop counter */

  if( pE->op==TK_ID || (pE->op==TK_STRING && pE->token.z[0]!='\'') ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    char *zCol = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pE->token);
    if( zCol==0 ){
      return -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      char *zAs = pEList->a[i].zName;
      if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
        return i+1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** pE is a pointer to an expression which is a single term in the
** ORDER BY of a compound SELECT.  The expression has not been
................................................................................
          return 1;
        }
      }
      if( iCol>0 ){
        CollSeq *pColl = pE->pColl;
        int flags = pE->flags & EP_ExpCollate;
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pE);
        pItem->pExpr = pE = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, 0);
        if( pE==0 ) return 1;
        pE->pColl = pColl;
        pE->flags |= EP_IntValue | flags;
        pE->iTable = iCol;
        pItem->iCol = (u16)iCol;
        pItem->done = 1;
      }else{







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**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains routines used for walking the parser tree and
** resolve all identifiers by associating them with a particular
** table and column.
**
** $Id: resolve.c,v 1.23 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

  assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pEList->nExpr );
  pOrig = pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
  assert( pOrig!=0 );
  assert( pOrig->flags & EP_Resolved );
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);



    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }else{
    char *zToken = pOrig->zToken;
    pOrig->zToken = 0;
    pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
    pOrig->zToken = zToken;
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    if( zToken ){
      assert( (pDup->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
      pDup->flags2 |= EP2_FreeToken;
      pDup->zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zToken);
    }
  }
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
    pDup->pColl = pExpr->pColl;
    pDup->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
  }
  sqlite3ExprClear(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
................................................................................
**    pExpr->pTab          Points to the Table structure of X.Y (even if
**                         X and/or Y are implied.)
**    pExpr->iColumn       Set to the column number within the table.
**    pExpr->op            Set to TK_COLUMN.
**    pExpr->pLeft         Any expression this points to is deleted
**    pExpr->pRight        Any expression this points to is deleted.
**
** The zDb variable is the name of the database (the "X").  This value may be
** NULL meaning that name is of the form Y.Z or Z.  Any available database
** can be used.  The zTable variable is the name of the table (the "Y").  This
** value can be NULL if zDb is also NULL.  If zTable is NULL it
** means that the form of the name is Z and that columns from any table
** can be used.
**
** If the name cannot be resolved unambiguously, leave an error message
** in pParse and return non-zero.  Return zero on success.
*/
static int lookupName(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  const char *zDb,     /* Name of the database containing table, or NULL */
  const char *zTab,    /* Name of table containing column, or NULL */
  const char *zCol,    /* Name of the column. */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context used to resolve the name */
  Expr *pExpr          /* Make this EXPR node point to the selected column */
){



  int i, j;            /* Loop counters */
  int cnt = 0;                      /* Number of matching column names */
  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */









  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;

  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
................................................................................
          Expr *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pSelect==0 );
          pOrig = pEList->a[j].pExpr;
          if( !pNC->allowAgg && ExprHasProperty(pOrig, EP_Agg) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aliased aggregate %s", zAs);

            return 2;
          }
          resolveAlias(pParse, pEList, j, pExpr, "");
          cnt = 1;
          pMatch = 0;
          assert( zTab==0 && zDb==0 );
          goto lookupname_end;
        }
      } 
    }

    /* Advance to the next name context.  The loop will exit when either
    ** we have a match (cnt>0) or when we run out of name contexts.
    */
................................................................................
  ** case, we need to return right away and not make any changes to
  ** pExpr.
  **
  ** Because no reference was made to outer contexts, the pNC->nRef
  ** fields are not changed in any context.
  */
  if( cnt==0 && zTab==0 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_DblQuoted) ){

    pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    pExpr->pTab = 0;
    return 0;
  }

  /*
  ** cnt==0 means there was not match.  cnt>1 means there were two or
................................................................................
    if( n>=BMS ){
      n = BMS-1;
    }
    assert( pMatch->iCursor==pExpr->iTable );
    pMatch->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<n;
  }


  /* Clean up and return
  */


  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
lookupname_end:

  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    /* Increment the nRef value on all name contexts from TopNC up to
    ** the point where the name matched. */
    for(;;){
      assert( pTopNC!=0 );
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */

    /* A lone identifier is the name of a column.
    */
    case TK_ID: {
      lookupName(pParse, 0, 0, pExpr->zToken, pNC, pExpr);
      return WRC_Prune;
    }
  
    /* A table name and column name:     ID.ID
    ** Or a database, table and column:  ID.ID.ID
    */
    case TK_DOT: {
      const char *zColumn;
      const char *zTable;
      const char *zDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      /* if( pSrcList==0 ) break; */
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        zDb = 0;
        zTable = pExpr->pLeft->zToken;
        zColumn = pRight->zToken;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
        zDb = pExpr->pLeft->zToken;
        zTable = pRight->pLeft->zToken;
        zColumn = pRight->pRight->zToken;
      }
      lookupName(pParse, zDb, zTable, zColumn, pNC, pExpr);
      return WRC_Prune;
    }

    /* Resolve function names
    */
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
................................................................................
      int auth;                   /* Authorization to use the function */
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      zId = pExpr->zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -1, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
................................................................................
static int resolveAsName(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context for error messages */
  ExprList *pEList,  /* List of expressions to scan */
  Expr *pE           /* Expression we are trying to match */
){
  int i;             /* Loop counter */

  if( pE->op==TK_ID || (pE->op==TK_STRING && pE->zToken[0]!='\'') ){
    char *zCol = pE->zToken;




    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      char *zAs = pEList->a[i].zName;
      if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){

        return i+1;
      }
    }

  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** pE is a pointer to an expression which is a single term in the
** ORDER BY of a compound SELECT.  The expression has not been
................................................................................
          return 1;
        }
      }
      if( iCol>0 ){
        CollSeq *pColl = pE->pColl;
        int flags = pE->flags & EP_ExpCollate;
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pE);
        pItem->pExpr = pE = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_INTEGER, 0);
        if( pE==0 ) return 1;
        pE->pColl = pColl;
        pE->flags |= EP_IntValue | flags;
        pE->iTable = iCol;
        pItem->iCol = (u16)iCol;
        pItem->done = 1;
      }else{

Changes to src/select.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
67
68
69
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71
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...
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198
199
200
201
202
203
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205
206
207
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209
210
211
212
213
214
215
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217
....
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
....
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
....
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156


1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
....
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
....
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
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2353
2354
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....
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2427
2428
....
2836
2837
2838
2839
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2850
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....
2864
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2873
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2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
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2884
....
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
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2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
....
3131
3132
3133
3134
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3139
3140



3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
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3150
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3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
....
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
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3169
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3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
....
3186
3187
3188
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3195
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3197

3198
3199
3200
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3202
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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.518 2009/05/19 19:04:58 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
................................................................................
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  assert( db->mallocFailed || !pOffset || pLimit ); /* OFFSET implies LIMIT */
  if( pNew==0 ){
    pNew = &standin;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db,TK_ALL,0,0,0), 0);
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
................................................................................
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[i].zName, zCol)==0 ) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}

/*
** Set the value of a token to a '\000'-terminated string.
*/
static void setToken(Token *p, const char *z){
  p->z = (u8*)z;
  p->n = z ? sqlite3Strlen30(z) : 0;
  p->dyn = 0;
  p->quoted = 0;
}

/*
** Create an expression node for an identifier with the name of zName
*/
Expr *sqlite3CreateIdExpr(Parse *pParse, const char *zName){
  Token dummy;
  setToken(&dummy, zName);
  return sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &dummy);
}

/*
** Add a term to the WHERE expression in *ppExpr that requires the
** zCol column to be equal in the two tables pTab1 and pTab2.
*/
static void addWhereTerm(
................................................................................
      if( iCol<0 ){
        zCol = "rowid";
      }else{
        zCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
      }
      if( !shortNames && !fullNames ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
            sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)p->span.z, p->span.n), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      }else if( fullNames ){
        char *zName = 0;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, zCol);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
          sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)p->span.z, p->span.n), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
  }
  generateColumnTypes(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol = pEList->nExpr;
  aCol = *paCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
  if( aCol==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    assert( p->pRight==0 || p->pRight->token.z==0 || p->pRight->token.z[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ) pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pColExpr->pTab!=0) ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;
        pTab = pColExpr->pTab;
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");


      }else{
        /* Use the original text of the column expression as its name */
        Token *pToken = (pColExpr->span.z?&pColExpr->span:&pColExpr->token);
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%T", pToken);
      }
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
      break;
    }

................................................................................
    for(i=1; db->mallocFailed==0 && i<=p->pEList->nExpr; i++){
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      for(j=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; j<nOrderBy; j++, pItem++){
        assert( pItem->iCol>0 );
        if( pItem->iCol==i ) break;
      }
      if( j==nOrderBy ){
        Expr *pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, 0);
        if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        pNew->flags |= EP_IntValue;
        pNew->iTable = i;
        pOrderBy = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pOrderBy, pNew, 0);
        pOrderBy->a[nOrderBy++].iCol = (u16)i;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Compute the comparison permutation and keyinfo that is used with
  ** the permutation used to determine if the next
................................................................................
** This routine is part of the flattening procedure.  A subquery
** whose result set is defined by pEList appears as entry in the
** FROM clause of a SELECT such that the VDBE cursor assigned to that
** FORM clause entry is iTable.  This routine make the necessary 
** changes to pExpr so that it refers directly to the source table
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static void substExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* Report malloc errors to this connection */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
  int iTable,         /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList    /* Substitute expressions */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
      assert( pEList!=0 && pExpr->iColumn<pEList->nExpr );
      assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
      pNew = pEList->a[pExpr->iColumn].pExpr;
      assert( pNew!=0 );
      pExpr->op = pNew->op;
      assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 );
      pExpr->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pNew->pLeft, 0);
      assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
      pExpr->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pNew->pRight, 0);
      pExpr->iTable = pNew->iTable;
      pExpr->pTab = pNew->pTab;
      pExpr->iColumn = pNew->iColumn;
      pExpr->iAgg = pNew->iAgg;
      sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pExpr->token, &pNew->token);
      sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pExpr->span, &pNew->span);
      assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 && pExpr->x.pSelect==0 );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        pExpr->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pNew->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{
        pExpr->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pNew->x.pList, 0);
      }
      pExpr->flags = pNew->flags;
      pExpr->pAggInfo = pNew->pAggInfo;
      pNew->pAggInfo = 0;
    }
  }else{
    substExpr(db, pExpr->pLeft, iTable, pEList);
    substExpr(db, pExpr->pRight, iTable, pEList);
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      substSelect(db, pExpr->x.pSelect, iTable, pEList);
    }else{
      substExprList(db, pExpr->x.pList, iTable, pEList);
    }
  }

}
static void substExprList(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  ExprList *pList,     /* List to scan and in which to make substitutes */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    substExpr(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, iTable, pEList);
  }
}
static void substSelect(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  Select *p,           /* SELECT statement in which to make substitutions */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be replaced */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
................................................................................
  SrcList *pSrc;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  int i;
  if( !p ) return;
  substExprList(db, p->pEList, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pGroupBy, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pOrderBy, iTable, pEList);
  substExpr(db, p->pHaving, iTable, pEList);
  substExpr(db, p->pWhere, iTable, pEList);
  substSelect(db, p->pPrior, iTable, pEList);
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc );  /* Even for (SELECT 1) we have: pSrc!=0 but pSrc->nSrc==0 */
  if( ALWAYS(pSrc) ){
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      substSelect(db, pItem->pSelect, iTable, pEList);
    }
................................................................................
    **
    ** We look at every expression in the outer query and every place we see
    ** "a" we substitute "x*3" and every place we see "b" we substitute "y+10".
    */
    pList = pParent->pEList;
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( pList->a[i].zName==0 ){
        Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
        if( ALWAYS(pExpr->span.z!=0) ){
          pList->a[i].zName = 
               sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pExpr->span.z, pExpr->span.n);
        }
      }
    }
    substExprList(db, pParent->pEList, iParent, pSub->pEList);
    if( isAgg ){
      substExprList(db, pParent->pGroupBy, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      substExpr(db, pParent->pHaving, iParent, pSub->pEList);
    }
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      assert( pParent->pOrderBy==0 );
      pParent->pOrderBy = pSub->pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }else if( pParent->pOrderBy ){
      substExprList(db, pParent->pOrderBy, iParent, pSub->pEList);
................................................................................
    }else{
      pWhere = 0;
    }
    if( subqueryIsAgg ){
      assert( pParent->pHaving==0 );
      pParent->pHaving = pParent->pWhere;
      pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      substExpr(db, pParent->pHaving, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      pParent->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pParent->pHaving, 
                                  sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0));
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      substExpr(db, pParent->pWhere, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pParent->pWhere, pWhere);
    }
  
    /* The flattened query is distinct if either the inner or the
    ** outer query is distinct. 
    */
    pParent->selFlags |= pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct;
................................................................................
  if( pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  pExpr = pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)) ) return 0;
  pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pEList==0 || pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;
  if( pEList->a[0].pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  if( pExpr->token.n!=3 ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp((char*)pExpr->token.z,"min",3)==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
  }else if( sqlite3StrNICmp((char*)pExpr->token.z,"max",3)==0 ){

    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
  }
  return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
................................................................................

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      Expr *pE = a[k].pExpr;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr, 0);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;



        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;
        a[k].zName = 0;
      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName;            /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          zTName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pE->pLeft->token);
        }else{
          zTName = 0;
        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;
          if( zTabName==0 ){
................................................................................
          if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
          tableSeen = 1;
          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
            Expr *pExpr, *pRight;
            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;




            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
................................................................................
              }
              if( sqlite3IdListIndex(pLeft[1].pUsing, zName)>=0 ){
                /* In a join with a USING clause, omit columns in the
                ** using clause from the table on the right. */
                continue;
              }
            }
            pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, 0);
            if( pRight==0 ) break;
            setToken(&pRight->token, zName);
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, 0);

              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
              if( pExpr==0 ) break;
              setToken(&pLeft->token, zTabName);
              setToken(&pExpr->span, 
                  sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName));
              pExpr->span.dyn = 1;
              pExpr->token.z = 0;
              pExpr->token.n = 0;
              pExpr->token.dyn = 0;


            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
              pExpr->span = pExpr->token;
              pExpr->span.dyn = 0;
            }
            if( longNames ){
              pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr, &pExpr->span);
            }else{
              pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr, &pRight->token);
            }




          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no tables specified");
          }
        }
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zTName);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
................................................................................
** during the execution of complex SELECT statements.
**
** These routine are not called anywhere from within the normal
** code base.  Then are intended to be called from within the debugger
** or from temporary "printf" statements inserted for debugging.
*/
void sqlite3PrintExpr(Expr *p){
  if( p->token.z && p->token.n>0 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%.*s", p->token.n, p->token.z);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%d", p->op);
  }
  if( p->pLeft ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pLeft);
  }







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.519 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
................................................................................
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  assert( db->mallocFailed || !pOffset || pLimit ); /* OFFSET implies LIMIT */
  if( pNew==0 ){
    pNew = &standin;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db,TK_ALL,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
................................................................................
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[i].zName, zCol)==0 ) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}











/*
** Create an expression node for an identifier with the name of zName
*/
Expr *sqlite3CreateIdExpr(Parse *pParse, const char *zName){
  return sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ID, zName);


}

/*
** Add a term to the WHERE expression in *ppExpr that requires the
** zCol column to be equal in the two tables pTab1 and pTab2.
*/
static void addWhereTerm(
................................................................................
      if( iCol<0 ){
        zCol = "rowid";
      }else{
        zCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
      }
      if( !shortNames && !fullNames ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
            sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pEList->a[i].zSpan), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      }else if( fullNames ){
        char *zName = 0;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, zCol);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
          sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pEList->a[i].zSpan), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
  }
  generateColumnTypes(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol = pEList->nExpr;
  aCol = *paCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
  if( aCol==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    assert( p->pRight==0 || p->pRight->zToken==0 || p->pRight->zToken[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ) pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pColExpr->pTab!=0) ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;
        pTab = pColExpr->pTab;
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");
      }else if( pColExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", pColExpr->zToken);
      }else{
        /* Use the original text of the column expression as its name */

        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", pEList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
      break;
    }

................................................................................
    for(i=1; db->mallocFailed==0 && i<=p->pEList->nExpr; i++){
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      for(j=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; j<nOrderBy; j++, pItem++){
        assert( pItem->iCol>0 );
        if( pItem->iCol==i ) break;
      }
      if( j==nOrderBy ){
        Expr *pNew = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_INTEGER, 0);
        if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        pNew->flags |= EP_IntValue;
        pNew->iTable = i;
        pOrderBy = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pOrderBy, pNew);
        pOrderBy->a[nOrderBy++].iCol = (u16)i;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Compute the comparison permutation and keyinfo that is used with
  ** the permutation used to determine if the next
................................................................................
** This routine is part of the flattening procedure.  A subquery
** whose result set is defined by pEList appears as entry in the
** FROM clause of a SELECT such that the VDBE cursor assigned to that
** FORM clause entry is iTable.  This routine make the necessary 
** changes to pExpr so that it refers directly to the source table
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* Report malloc errors to this connection */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
  int iTable,         /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList    /* Substitute expressions */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
      assert( pEList!=0 && pExpr->iColumn<pEList->nExpr );
      assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pEList->a[pExpr->iColumn].pExpr, 0);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
      pExpr = pNew;















    }




  }else{
    pExpr->pLeft = substExpr(db, pExpr->pLeft, iTable, pEList);
    pExpr->pRight = substExpr(db, pExpr->pRight, iTable, pEList);
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      substSelect(db, pExpr->x.pSelect, iTable, pEList);
    }else{
      substExprList(db, pExpr->x.pList, iTable, pEList);
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
static void substExprList(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  ExprList *pList,     /* List to scan and in which to make substitutes */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    pList->a[i].pExpr = substExpr(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, iTable, pEList);
  }
}
static void substSelect(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  Select *p,           /* SELECT statement in which to make substitutions */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be replaced */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
................................................................................
  SrcList *pSrc;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  int i;
  if( !p ) return;
  substExprList(db, p->pEList, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pGroupBy, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pOrderBy, iTable, pEList);
  p->pHaving = substExpr(db, p->pHaving, iTable, pEList);
  p->pWhere = substExpr(db, p->pWhere, iTable, pEList);
  substSelect(db, p->pPrior, iTable, pEList);
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc );  /* Even for (SELECT 1) we have: pSrc!=0 but pSrc->nSrc==0 */
  if( ALWAYS(pSrc) ){
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      substSelect(db, pItem->pSelect, iTable, pEList);
    }
................................................................................
    **
    ** We look at every expression in the outer query and every place we see
    ** "a" we substitute "x*3" and every place we see "b" we substitute "y+10".
    */
    pList = pParent->pEList;
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( pList->a[i].zName==0 ){
        const char *zSpan = pList->a[i].zSpan;
        if( zSpan ){
          pList->a[i].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zSpan);

        }
      }
    }
    substExprList(db, pParent->pEList, iParent, pSub->pEList);
    if( isAgg ){
      substExprList(db, pParent->pGroupBy, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      pParent->pHaving = substExpr(db, pParent->pHaving, iParent, pSub->pEList);
    }
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      assert( pParent->pOrderBy==0 );
      pParent->pOrderBy = pSub->pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }else if( pParent->pOrderBy ){
      substExprList(db, pParent->pOrderBy, iParent, pSub->pEList);
................................................................................
    }else{
      pWhere = 0;
    }
    if( subqueryIsAgg ){
      assert( pParent->pHaving==0 );
      pParent->pHaving = pParent->pWhere;
      pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      pParent->pHaving = substExpr(db, pParent->pHaving, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      pParent->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pParent->pHaving, 
                                  sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0));
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = substExpr(db, pParent->pWhere, iParent, pSub->pEList);
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pParent->pWhere, pWhere);
    }
  
    /* The flattened query is distinct if either the inner or the
    ** outer query is distinct. 
    */
    pParent->selFlags |= pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct;
................................................................................
  if( pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  pExpr = pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)) ) return 0;
  pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pEList==0 || pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;
  if( pEList->a[0].pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->zToken,"min")==0 ){

    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;

  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->zToken,"max")==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
  }
  return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
................................................................................

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      Expr *pE = a[k].pExpr;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zSpan = a[k].zSpan;
          a[k].zName = 0;
          a[k].zSpan = 0;
        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;

      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName;            /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          zTName = pE->pLeft->zToken;
        }else{
          zTName = 0;
        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;
          if( zTabName==0 ){
................................................................................
          if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
          tableSeen = 1;
          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
            Expr *pExpr, *pRight;
            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;
            char *zColname;  /* The computed column name */
            char *zToFree;   /* Malloced string that needs to be freed */
            Token sColname;  /* Computed column name as a token */

            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
................................................................................
              }
              if( sqlite3IdListIndex(pLeft[1].pUsing, zName)>=0 ){
                /* In a join with a USING clause, omit columns in the
                ** using clause from the table on the right. */
                continue;
              }
            }
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);

              if( longNames ){

                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);




                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;


            }

            pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr);



            sColname.z = zColname;
            sColname.n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColname);
            sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pNew, &sColname, 0);
            sqlite3DbFree(db, zToFree);
          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no tables specified");
          }
        }

      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
................................................................................
** during the execution of complex SELECT statements.
**
** These routine are not called anywhere from within the normal
** code base.  Then are intended to be called from within the debugger
** or from temporary "printf" statements inserted for debugging.
*/
void sqlite3PrintExpr(Expr *p){
  if( p->zToken ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%s", p->zToken);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%d", p->op);
  }
  if( p->pLeft ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pLeft);
  }

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.875 2009/05/20 02:40:46 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
................................................................................
typedef struct RowSet RowSet;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
typedef struct Column Column;
typedef struct Db Db;
typedef struct Schema Schema;
typedef struct Expr Expr;
typedef struct ExprList ExprList;

typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct FuncDef FuncDef;
typedef struct FuncDefHash FuncDefHash;
typedef struct IdList IdList;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
................................................................................
/*
** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of this structure.
*/
struct Column {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */

  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* True if there is a NOT NULL constraint */
  u8 isPrimKey;    /* True if this column is part of the PRIMARY KEY */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 isHidden;     /* True if this column is 'hidden' */
................................................................................
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
** may contain random values.  Do not make any assumptions about Token.dyn
** and Token.n when Token.z==0.
*/
struct Token {
  const unsigned char *z; /* Text of the token.  Not NULL-terminated! */
  unsigned dyn    : 1;    /* True for malloced memory, false for static */
  unsigned quoted : 1;    /* True if token still has its quotes */
  unsigned n      : 30;   /* Number of characters in this token */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure contains information needed to generate
** code for a SELECT that contains aggregate functions.
**
** If Expr.op==TK_AGG_COLUMN or TK_AGG_FUNCTION then Expr.pAggInfo is a
................................................................................
**
** ALLOCATION NOTES:
**
** Expr objects can use a lot of memory space in database schema.  To
** help reduce memory requirements, sometimes an Expr object will be
** truncated.  And to reduce the number of memory allocations, sometimes
** two or more Expr objects will be stored in a single memory allocation,
** together with Expr.token and/or Expr.span strings.
**
** If the EP_Reduced, EP_SpanToken, and EP_TokenOnly flags are set when
** an Expr object is truncated.  When EP_Reduced is set, then all
** the child Expr objects in the Expr.pLeft and Expr.pRight subtrees
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  VVA_ONLY(u8 vvaFlags;) /* Flags used for VV&A only.  EVVA_* below. */
  u16 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  Token token;           /* An operand token */


  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Token span;            /* Complete text of the expression */

  /* If the EP_SpanToken flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
................................................................................
  CollSeq *pColl;        /* The collation type of the column or 0 */

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

  int iTable, iColumn;   /* When op==TK_COLUMN, then this expr node means the
                         ** iColumn-th field of the iTable-th table. */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */

  int iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  int iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */


  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
#define EP_AnyAff     0x0200  /* Can take a cached column of any affinity */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0400  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0800  /* Integer value contained in iTable */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x1000  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */

#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_SpanToken  0x8000  /* Expr size is EXPR_SPANTOKENSIZE bytes */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.vvaFlags field.
** This information is only used when SQLite is compiled with
** SQLITE_DEBUG defined.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
#define EVVA_ReadOnlyToken  0x01  /* Expr.token.z is read-only */
#endif


/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
................................................................................
/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
#define EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE        offsetof(Expr,iTable)  /* Common features */
#define EXPR_SPANTOKENSIZE      offsetof(Expr,pLeft)   /* Fewer features */
#define EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE      offsetof(Expr,span)    /* Smallest possible */

/*
** Flags passed to the sqlite3ExprDup() function. See the header comment 
** above sqlite3ExprDup() for details.
*/
#define EXPRDUP_REDUCE         0x0001  /* Used reduced-size Expr nodes */
#define EXPRDUP_SPAN           0x0002  /* Make a copy of Expr.span */

/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
................................................................................
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int nAlloc;            /* Number of entries allocated below */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item {
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */

    u8 sortOrder;          /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    u8 done;               /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    u16 iCol;              /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;            /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* One entry for each expression */
};












/*
** An instance of this structure can hold a simple list of identifiers,
** such as the list "a,b,c" in the following statements:
**
**      INSERT INTO t(a,b,c) VALUES ...;
**      CREATE INDEX idx ON t(a,b,c);
................................................................................
  char *name;             /* The name of the trigger                        */
  char *table;            /* The table or view to which the trigger applies */
  u8 op;                  /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT         */
  u8 tr_tm;               /* One of TRIGGER_BEFORE, TRIGGER_AFTER */
  Expr *pWhen;            /* The WHEN clause of the expression (may be NULL) */
  IdList *pColumns;       /* If this is an UPDATE OF <column-list> trigger,
                             the <column-list> is stored here */
  Token nameToken;        /* Token containing zName. Use during parsing only */
  Schema *pSchema;        /* Schema containing the trigger */
  Schema *pTabSchema;     /* Schema containing the table */
  TriggerStep *step_list; /* Link list of trigger program steps             */
  Trigger *pNext;         /* Next trigger associated with the table */
};

/*
................................................................................
 * "SELECT" statement. The meanings of the other members is determined by the 
 * value of "op" as follows:
 *
 * (op == TK_INSERT)
 * orconf    -> stores the ON CONFLICT algorithm
 * pSelect   -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... statement, then
 *              this stores a pointer to the SELECT statement. Otherwise NULL.
 * target    -> A token holding the name of the table to insert into.
 * pExprList -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... VALUES ... statement, then
 *              this stores values to be inserted. Otherwise NULL.
 * pIdList   -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... (<column-names>) VALUES ... 
 *              statement, then this stores the column-names to be
 *              inserted into.
 *
 * (op == TK_DELETE)
 * target    -> A token holding the name of the table to delete from.
 * pWhere    -> The WHERE clause of the DELETE statement if one is specified.
 *              Otherwise NULL.
 * 
 * (op == TK_UPDATE)
 * target    -> A token holding the name of the table to update rows of.
 * pWhere    -> The WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement if one is specified.
 *              Otherwise NULL.
 * pExprList -> A list of the columns to update and the expressions to update
 *              them to. See sqlite3Update() documentation of "pChanges"
 *              argument.
 * 
 */
................................................................................
struct TriggerStep {
  int op;              /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT, TK_SELECT */
  int orconf;          /* OE_Rollback etc. */
  Trigger *pTrig;      /* The trigger that this step is a part of */

  Select *pSelect;     /* Valid for SELECT and sometimes 
                          INSERT steps (when pExprList == 0) */
  Token target;        /* Valid for DELETE, UPDATE, INSERT steps */
  Expr *pWhere;        /* Valid for DELETE, UPDATE steps */
  ExprList *pExprList; /* Valid for UPDATE statements and sometimes 
                           INSERT steps (when pSelect == 0)         */
  IdList *pIdList;     /* Valid for INSERT statements only */
  TriggerStep *pNext;  /* Next in the link-list */
  TriggerStep *pLast;  /* Last element in link-list. Valid for 1st elem only */
};
................................................................................
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse*,int);
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse*,int,int);

Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);

Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
Expr *sqlite3RegisterExpr(Parse*,Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprSpan(Expr*,Token*,Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprClear(sqlite3*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*,Token*);


void sqlite3ExprListDelete(sqlite3*, ExprList*);
int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
void sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(sqlite3*, int);
void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,Expr*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32);
................................................................................
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
void sqlite3TokenCopy(sqlite3*,Token*,const Token*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,int);
void sqlite3RegisterBuiltinFunctions(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(sqlite3*, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const Token*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);







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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.876 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
................................................................................
typedef struct RowSet RowSet;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
typedef struct Column Column;
typedef struct Db Db;
typedef struct Schema Schema;
typedef struct Expr Expr;
typedef struct ExprList ExprList;
typedef struct ExprSpan ExprSpan;
typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct FuncDef FuncDef;
typedef struct FuncDefHash FuncDefHash;
typedef struct IdList IdList;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
................................................................................
/*
** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of this structure.
*/
struct Column {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* True if there is a NOT NULL constraint */
  u8 isPrimKey;    /* True if this column is part of the PRIMARY KEY */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 isHidden;     /* True if this column is 'hidden' */
................................................................................
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
** may contain random values.  Do not make any assumptions about Token.dyn
** and Token.n when Token.z==0.
*/
struct Token {
  const char *z;     /* Text of the token.  Not NULL-terminated! */


  unsigned int n;    /* Number of characters in this token */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure contains information needed to generate
** code for a SELECT that contains aggregate functions.
**
** If Expr.op==TK_AGG_COLUMN or TK_AGG_FUNCTION then Expr.pAggInfo is a
................................................................................
**
** ALLOCATION NOTES:
**
** Expr objects can use a lot of memory space in database schema.  To
** help reduce memory requirements, sometimes an Expr object will be
** truncated.  And to reduce the number of memory allocations, sometimes
** two or more Expr objects will be stored in a single memory allocation,
** together with Expr.token strings.
**
** If the EP_Reduced and EP_TokenOnly flags are set when
** an Expr object is truncated.  When EP_Reduced is set, then all
** the child Expr objects in the Expr.pLeft and Expr.pRight subtrees
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */

  u16 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */

  char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no







  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
................................................................................
  CollSeq *pColl;        /* The collation type of the column or 0 */

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number 
                         ** EP_IntValue: integer value */
  i16 iColumn;           /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u16 flags2;            /* Second set of flags.  EP2_... */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
#define EP_AnyAff     0x0200  /* Can take a cached column of any affinity */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0400  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0800  /* Integer value contained in iTable */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x1000  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */

#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x8000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.


*/



#define EP2_FreeToken 0x0001  /* Need to call sqlite3DbFree() on Expr.zToken */

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
................................................................................
/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
#define EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE        offsetof(Expr,iTable)  /* Common features */
#define EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE      offsetof(Expr,pLeft)   /* Fewer features */


/*
** Flags passed to the sqlite3ExprDup() function. See the header comment 
** above sqlite3ExprDup() for details.
*/
#define EXPRDUP_REDUCE         0x0001  /* Used reduced-size Expr nodes */


/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
................................................................................
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int nAlloc;            /* Number of entries allocated below */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item {
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;           /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;          /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    u8 done;               /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    u16 iCol;              /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;            /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* One entry for each expression */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
** expression.
*/
struct ExprSpan {
  Expr *pExpr;          /* The expression parse tree */
  const char *zStart;   /* First character of input text */
  const char *zEnd;     /* One character past the end of input text */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure can hold a simple list of identifiers,
** such as the list "a,b,c" in the following statements:
**
**      INSERT INTO t(a,b,c) VALUES ...;
**      CREATE INDEX idx ON t(a,b,c);
................................................................................
  char *name;             /* The name of the trigger                        */
  char *table;            /* The table or view to which the trigger applies */
  u8 op;                  /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT         */
  u8 tr_tm;               /* One of TRIGGER_BEFORE, TRIGGER_AFTER */
  Expr *pWhen;            /* The WHEN clause of the expression (may be NULL) */
  IdList *pColumns;       /* If this is an UPDATE OF <column-list> trigger,
                             the <column-list> is stored here */

  Schema *pSchema;        /* Schema containing the trigger */
  Schema *pTabSchema;     /* Schema containing the table */
  TriggerStep *step_list; /* Link list of trigger program steps             */
  Trigger *pNext;         /* Next trigger associated with the table */
};

/*
................................................................................
 * "SELECT" statement. The meanings of the other members is determined by the 
 * value of "op" as follows:
 *
 * (op == TK_INSERT)
 * orconf    -> stores the ON CONFLICT algorithm
 * pSelect   -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... statement, then
 *              this stores a pointer to the SELECT statement. Otherwise NULL.
 * target    -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to insert into.
 * pExprList -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... VALUES ... statement, then
 *              this stores values to be inserted. Otherwise NULL.
 * pIdList   -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... (<column-names>) VALUES ... 
 *              statement, then this stores the column-names to be
 *              inserted into.
 *
 * (op == TK_DELETE)
 * target    -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to delete from.
 * pWhere    -> The WHERE clause of the DELETE statement if one is specified.
 *              Otherwise NULL.
 * 
 * (op == TK_UPDATE)
 * target    -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to update rows of.
 * pWhere    -> The WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement if one is specified.
 *              Otherwise NULL.
 * pExprList -> A list of the columns to update and the expressions to update
 *              them to. See sqlite3Update() documentation of "pChanges"
 *              argument.
 * 
 */
................................................................................
struct TriggerStep {
  int op;              /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT, TK_SELECT */
  int orconf;          /* OE_Rollback etc. */
  Trigger *pTrig;      /* The trigger that this step is a part of */

  Select *pSelect;     /* Valid for SELECT and sometimes 
                          INSERT steps (when pExprList == 0) */
  Token target;        /* Target table for DELETE, UPDATE, INSERT.  Quoted */
  Expr *pWhere;        /* Valid for DELETE, UPDATE steps */
  ExprList *pExprList; /* Valid for UPDATE statements and sometimes 
                           INSERT steps (when pSelect == 0)         */
  IdList *pIdList;     /* Valid for INSERT statements only */
  TriggerStep *pNext;  /* Next in the link-list */
  TriggerStep *pLast;  /* Last element in link-list. Valid for 1st elem only */
};
................................................................................
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse*,int);
int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse*,int,int);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
Expr *sqlite3RegisterExpr(Parse*,Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);

Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprClear(sqlite3*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprListSetName(Parse*,ExprList*,Token*,int);
void sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(Parse*,ExprList*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3ExprListDelete(sqlite3*, ExprList*);
int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
void sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(sqlite3*, int);
void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32);
................................................................................
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);

ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,int);
void sqlite3RegisterBuiltinFunctions(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(sqlite3*, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

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*************************************************************************
** An tokenizer for SQL
**
** This file contains C code that splits an SQL input string up into
** individual tokens and sends those tokens one-by-one over to the
** parser for analysis.
**
** $Id: tokenize.c,v 1.156 2009/05/01 21:13:37 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>

/*
** The charMap() macro maps alphabetic characters into their
** lower-case ASCII equivalent.  On ASCII machines, this is just
................................................................................
  i = 0;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );
  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc((void*(*)(size_t))sqlite3Malloc);
  if( pEngine==0 ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  assert( pParse->sLastToken.dyn==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVar==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVarExpr==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVarExprAlloc==0 );
  assert( pParse->apVarExpr==0 );
  enableLookaside = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
  if( db->lookaside.pStart ) db->lookaside.bEnabled = 1;
  pParse->sLastToken.quoted = 1;
  while( !db->mallocFailed && zSql[i]!=0 ){
    assert( i>=0 );
    pParse->sLastToken.z = (u8*)&zSql[i];
    assert( pParse->sLastToken.dyn==0 );
    assert( pParse->sLastToken.quoted );
    pParse->sLastToken.n = sqlite3GetToken((unsigned char*)&zSql[i],&tokenType);
    i += pParse->sLastToken.n;
    if( i>mxSqlLen ){
      pParse->rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
      break;
    }
    switch( tokenType ){







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*************************************************************************
** An tokenizer for SQL
**
** This file contains C code that splits an SQL input string up into
** individual tokens and sends those tokens one-by-one over to the
** parser for analysis.
**
** $Id: tokenize.c,v 1.157 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>

/*
** The charMap() macro maps alphabetic characters into their
** lower-case ASCII equivalent.  On ASCII machines, this is just
................................................................................
  i = 0;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );
  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc((void*(*)(size_t))sqlite3Malloc);
  if( pEngine==0 ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVar==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVarExpr==0 );
  assert( pParse->nVarExprAlloc==0 );
  assert( pParse->apVarExpr==0 );
  enableLookaside = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
  if( db->lookaside.pStart ) db->lookaside.bEnabled = 1;

  while( !db->mallocFailed && zSql[i]!=0 ){
    assert( i>=0 );
    pParse->sLastToken.z = &zSql[i];


    pParse->sLastToken.n = sqlite3GetToken((unsigned char*)&zSql[i],&tokenType);
    i += pParse->sLastToken.n;
    if( i>mxSqlLen ){
      pParse->rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
      break;
    }
    switch( tokenType ){

Changes to src/trigger.c.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
**
** $Id: trigger.c,v 1.139 2009/05/09 00:18:38 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/*
** Delete a linked list of TriggerStep structures.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(sqlite3 *db, TriggerStep *pTriggerStep){
  while( pTriggerStep ){
    TriggerStep * pTmp = pTriggerStep;
    pTriggerStep = pTriggerStep->pNext;

    if( pTmp->target.dyn ) sqlite3DbFree(db, (char*)pTmp->target.z);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTmp->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTmp->pExprList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTmp->pSelect);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTmp->pIdList);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp);
  }
................................................................................
  pTrigger->table = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTableName->a[0].zName);
  pTrigger->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTrigger->pTabSchema = pTab->pSchema;
  pTrigger->op = (u8)op;
  pTrigger->tr_tm = tr_tm==TK_BEFORE ? TRIGGER_BEFORE : TRIGGER_AFTER;
  pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
  pTrigger->pColumns = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pColumns);
  sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pTrigger->nameToken, pName);
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
  pParse->pNewTrigger = pTrigger;

trigger_cleanup:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTableName);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumns);
................................................................................
  Token *pAll             /* Token that describes the complete CREATE TRIGGER */
){
  Trigger *pTrig = pParse->pNewTrigger;    /* Trigger being finished */
  char *zName;                             /* Name of trigger */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;                /* The database */
  DbFixer sFix;
  int iDb;                                 /* Database containing the trigger */


  pTrig = pParse->pNewTrigger;
  pParse->pNewTrigger = 0;
  if( NEVER(pParse->nErr) || !pTrig ) goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  zName = pTrig->name;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTrig->pSchema);
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }


  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &pTrig->nameToken) 
          && sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) ){
    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing, and this trigger is not on a TEMP table, 
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
................................................................................

triggerfinish_cleanup:
  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pTrig);
  assert( !pParse->pNewTrigger );
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(db, pStepList);
}

/*
** Make a copy of all components of the given trigger step.  This has
** the effect of copying all Expr.token.z values into memory obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc().  As initially created, the Expr.token.z values
** all point to the input string that was fed to the parser.  But that
** string is ephemeral - it will go away as soon as the sqlite3_exec()
** call that started the parser exits.  This routine makes a persistent
** copy of all the Expr.token.z strings so that the TriggerStep structure
** will be valid even after the sqlite3_exec() call returns.
*/
static void sqlitePersistTriggerStep(sqlite3 *db, TriggerStep *p){
  if( p->target.z ){
    p->target.z = (u8*)sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)p->target.z, p->target.n);
    p->target.dyn = 1;
  }
  if( p->pSelect ){
    Select *pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->pSelect, 1);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pSelect);
    p->pSelect = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    p->pWhere = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pExprList ){
    ExprList *pNew = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pExprList, 1);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pExprList);
    p->pExprList = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pIdList ){
    IdList *pNew = sqlite3IdListDup(db, p->pIdList);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, p->pIdList);
    p->pIdList = pNew;
  }
}

/*
** Turn a SELECT statement (that the pSelect parameter points to) into
** a trigger step.  Return a pointer to a TriggerStep structure.
**
** The parser calls this routine when it finds a SELECT statement in
** body of a TRIGGER.  
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3 *db, Select *pSelect){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ) {
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_SELECT;
  pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;
  sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);























  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Build a trigger step out of an INSERT statement.  Return a pointer
** to the new trigger step.
**
................................................................................
  int orconf          /* The conflict algorithm (OE_Abort, OE_Replace, etc.) */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  assert(pEList == 0 || pSelect == 0);
  assert(pEList != 0 || pSelect != 0 || db->mallocFailed);

  pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep ){
    pTriggerStep->op = TK_INSERT;
    pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;
    pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
    pTriggerStep->pIdList = pColumn;
    pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
    pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;
    sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);
  }else{
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  }

  return pTriggerStep;
................................................................................
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* The database connection */
  Token *pTableName,   /* Name of the table to be updated */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* The SET clause: list of column and new values */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* The WHERE clause */
  int orconf           /* The conflict algorithm. (OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, etc) */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));


  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
     sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
     sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
     return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_UPDATE;
  pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
  pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;
  sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Construct a trigger step that implements a DELETE statement and return
** a pointer to that trigger step.  The parser calls this routine when it
** sees a DELETE statement inside the body of a CREATE TRIGGER.
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database connection */
  Token *pTableName,      /* The table from which rows are deleted */
  Expr *pWhere            /* The WHERE clause */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));


  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
    return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_DELETE;
  pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;
  sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/* 
** Recursively delete a Trigger structure
*/
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3 *db, Trigger *pTrigger){
  if( pTrigger==0 ) return;
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(db, pTrigger->step_list);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger->name);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger->table);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTrigger->pWhen);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTrigger->pColumns);
  assert( pTrigger->nameToken.dyn );
  sqlite3DbFree(db, (char*)pTrigger->nameToken.z);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger);
}

/*
** This function is called to drop a trigger from the database schema. 
**
** This may be called directly from the parser and therefore identifies
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  TriggerStep *pStep   /* The trigger containing the target token */
){
  Token sDb;           /* Dummy database name token */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database to use */
  SrcList *pSrc;       /* SrcList to be returned */





  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pStep->pTrig->pSchema);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>=2 ){

    assert( iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
    sDb.z = (u8*)pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
    sDb.n = sqlite3Strlen30((char*)sDb.z);
    sDb.quoted = 0;
    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0, &sDb, &pStep->target);
  } else {
    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0, &pStep->target, 0);

  }
  return pSrc;
}

/*
** Generate VDBE code for zero or more statements inside the body of a
** trigger.  







|












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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
**
** $Id: trigger.c,v 1.140 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/*
** Delete a linked list of TriggerStep structures.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(sqlite3 *db, TriggerStep *pTriggerStep){
  while( pTriggerStep ){
    TriggerStep * pTmp = pTriggerStep;
    pTriggerStep = pTriggerStep->pNext;


    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTmp->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTmp->pExprList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTmp->pSelect);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTmp->pIdList);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp);
  }
................................................................................
  pTrigger->table = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTableName->a[0].zName);
  pTrigger->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTrigger->pTabSchema = pTab->pSchema;
  pTrigger->op = (u8)op;
  pTrigger->tr_tm = tr_tm==TK_BEFORE ? TRIGGER_BEFORE : TRIGGER_AFTER;
  pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
  pTrigger->pColumns = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pColumns);

  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
  pParse->pNewTrigger = pTrigger;

trigger_cleanup:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTableName);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumns);
................................................................................
  Token *pAll             /* Token that describes the complete CREATE TRIGGER */
){
  Trigger *pTrig = pParse->pNewTrigger;    /* Trigger being finished */
  char *zName;                             /* Name of trigger */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;                /* The database */
  DbFixer sFix;
  int iDb;                                 /* Database containing the trigger */
  Token nameToken;           /* Trigger name for error reporting */

  pTrig = pParse->pNewTrigger;
  pParse->pNewTrigger = 0;
  if( NEVER(pParse->nErr) || !pTrig ) goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  zName = pTrig->name;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTrig->pSchema);
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->name;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken) 
          && sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) ){
    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing, and this trigger is not on a TEMP table, 
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
................................................................................

triggerfinish_cleanup:
  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pTrig);
  assert( !pParse->pNewTrigger );
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(db, pStepList);
}






































/*
** Turn a SELECT statement (that the pSelect parameter points to) into
** a trigger step.  Return a pointer to a TriggerStep structure.
**
** The parser calls this routine when it finds a SELECT statement in
** body of a TRIGGER.  
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3 *db, Select *pSelect){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ) {
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_SELECT;
  pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;
  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Allocate space to hold a new trigger step.  The allocated space
** holds both the TriggerStep object and the TriggerStep.target.z string.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, NULL is returned and db->mallocFailed is set.
*/
static TriggerStep *triggerStepAllocate(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Database connection */
  int op,                     /* Trigger opcode */
  Token *pName                /* The target name */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep) + pName->n);
  if( pTriggerStep ){
    char *z = (char*)&pTriggerStep[1];
    memcpy(z, pName->z, pName->n);
    pTriggerStep->target.z = z;
    pTriggerStep->target.n = pName->n;
    pTriggerStep->op = op;
  }
  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Build a trigger step out of an INSERT statement.  Return a pointer
** to the new trigger step.
**
................................................................................
  int orconf          /* The conflict algorithm (OE_Abort, OE_Replace, etc.) */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  assert(pEList == 0 || pSelect == 0);
  assert(pEList != 0 || pSelect != 0 || db->mallocFailed);

  pTriggerStep = triggerStepAllocate(db, TK_INSERT, pTableName);
  if( pTriggerStep ){

    pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;

    pTriggerStep->pIdList = pColumn;
    pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
    pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;

  }else{
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  }

  return pTriggerStep;
................................................................................
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* The database connection */
  Token *pTableName,   /* Name of the table to be updated */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* The SET clause: list of column and new values */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* The WHERE clause */
  int orconf           /* The conflict algorithm. (OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, etc) */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  pTriggerStep = triggerStepAllocate(db, TK_UPDATE, pTableName);
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
     sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
     sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
     return 0;
  }



  pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;


  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Construct a trigger step that implements a DELETE statement and return
** a pointer to that trigger step.  The parser calls this routine when it
** sees a DELETE statement inside the body of a CREATE TRIGGER.
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database connection */
  Token *pTableName,      /* The table from which rows are deleted */
  Expr *pWhere            /* The WHERE clause */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  pTriggerStep = triggerStepAllocate(db, TK_DELETE, pTableName);
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
    return 0;
  }



  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;


  return pTriggerStep;
}

/* 
** Recursively delete a Trigger structure
*/
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3 *db, Trigger *pTrigger){
  if( pTrigger==0 ) return;
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(db, pTrigger->step_list);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger->name);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger->table);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTrigger->pWhen);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTrigger->pColumns);


  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTrigger);
}

/*
** This function is called to drop a trigger from the database schema. 
**
** This may be called directly from the parser and therefore identifies
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  TriggerStep *pStep   /* The trigger containing the target token */
){
  Token sDb;           /* Dummy database name token */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database to use */
  SrcList *pSrc;       /* SrcList to be returned */

  pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0, &pStep->target, 0);
  if( pSrc ){
    assert( pSrc->nSrc>0 );
    assert( pSrc->a!=0 );
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pStep->pTrig->pSchema);
    if( iDb==0 || iDb>=2 ){
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      assert( iDb<pParse->db->nDb );





      pSrc->a[pSrc->nSrc-1].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    }
  }
  return pSrc;
}

/*
** Generate VDBE code for zero or more statements inside the body of a
** trigger.  

Changes to src/update.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: update.c,v 1.200 2009/05/05 15:46:10 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Forward declaration */
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
................................................................................
  const char *pVtab = (const char*)pTab->pVtab;
  SelectDest dest;

  /* Construct the SELECT statement that will find the new values for
  ** all updated rows. 
  */
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 
                                 sqlite3CreateIdExpr(pParse, "_rowid_"), 0);
  if( pRowid ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList,
                                   sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRowid, 0), 0);
  }
  assert( pTab->iPKey<0 );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, 0);
    }else{
      pExpr = sqlite3CreateIdExpr(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
    }
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList, pExpr, 0);
  }
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, pEList, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  
  /* Create the ephemeral table into which the update results will
  ** be stored.
  */
  assert( v );







|







 







|


|








|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: update.c,v 1.201 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Forward declaration */
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
................................................................................
  const char *pVtab = (const char*)pTab->pVtab;
  SelectDest dest;

  /* Construct the SELECT statement that will find the new values for
  ** all updated rows. 
  */
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 
                                 sqlite3CreateIdExpr(pParse, "_rowid_"));
  if( pRowid ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList,
                                   sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRowid, 0));
  }
  assert( pTab->iPKey<0 );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, 0);
    }else{
      pExpr = sqlite3CreateIdExpr(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
    }
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList, pExpr);
  }
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, pEList, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  
  /* Create the ephemeral table into which the update results will
  ** be stored.
  */
  assert( v );

Changes to src/util.c.

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
...
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
**
*************************************************************************
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
** $Id: util.c,v 1.254 2009/05/06 19:03:14 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdarg.h>
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
# include <math.h>
#endif

................................................................................
**
** The value returned will never be negative.  Nor will it ever be greater
** than the actual length of the string.  For very long strings (greater
** than 1GiB) the value returned might be less than the true string length.
*/
int sqlite3Strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;

  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** Set the most recent error code and error string for the sqlite
** handle "db". The error code is set to "err_code".







|







 







>







10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
...
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
**
*************************************************************************
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
** $Id: util.c,v 1.255 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdarg.h>
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
# include <math.h>
#endif

................................................................................
**
** The value returned will never be negative.  Nor will it ever be greater
** than the actual length of the string.  For very long strings (greater
** than 1GiB) the value returned might be less than the true string length.
*/
int sqlite3Strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;
  if( z==0 ) return 0;
  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** Set the most recent error code and error string for the sqlite
** handle "db". The error code is set to "err_code".

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
...
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
...
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004


1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
**
** $Id: vdbemem.c,v 1.144 2009/05/05 12:54:50 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Call sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob() on the supplied value (type Mem*)
** P if required.
................................................................................
  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    zVal = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !zVal || !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
................................................................................
      /* (double)-1 In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
      pVal->r = (double)-1 * pVal->r;
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->token.n>=3 );
    assert( pExpr->token.z[0]=='x' || pExpr->token.z[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->token.z[1]=='\'' );
    assert( pExpr->token.z[pExpr->token.n-1]=='\'' );
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;


    nVal = pExpr->token.n - 3;
    zVal = (char*)pExpr->token.z + 2;
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;







|







 







|







 







|
<
|
<


>
>
|
<







11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
...
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
...
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999

1000

1001
1002
1003
1004
1005

1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
**
** $Id: vdbemem.c,v 1.145 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Call sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob() on the supplied value (type Mem*)
** P if required.
................................................................................
  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    zVal = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->zToken);
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !zVal || !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
................................................................................
      /* (double)-1 In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
      pVal->r = (double)-1 * pVal->r;
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->zToken[0]=='X' );

    assert( pExpr->zToken[1]=='\'' );

    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    zVal = &pExpr->zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );

    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;

Changes to src/walker.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for walking the parser tree for
** an SQL statement.
**
** $Id: walker.c,v 1.4 2009/04/08 13:51:52 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>


/*
................................................................................
** The return value from this routine is WRC_Abort to abandon the tree walk
** and WRC_Continue to continue.
*/
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_SpanToken) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly|EP_SpanToken) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }







|







 







<



|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for walking the parser tree for
** an SQL statement.
**
** $Id: walker.c,v 1.5 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>


/*
................................................................................
** The return value from this routine is WRC_Abort to abandon the tree walk
** and WRC_Continue to continue.
*/
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );

  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }

Changes to src/where.c.

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
...
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
...
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
...
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
...
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
....
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123

1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
....
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
....
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218

1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
....
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.397 2009/05/22 15:43:27 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
................................................................................
  int *pisComplete, /* True if the only wildcard is % in the last character */
  int *pnoCase      /* True if uppercase is equivalent to lowercase */
){
  const char *z;             /* String on RHS of LIKE operator */
  Expr *pRight, *pLeft;      /* Right and left size of LIKE operator */
  ExprList *pList;           /* List of operands to the LIKE operator */
  int c;                     /* One character in z[] */
  int n;                     /* Length of string z[] */
  int cnt;                   /* Number of non-wildcard prefix characters */
  char wc[3];                /* Wildcard characters */
  CollSeq *pColl;            /* Collating sequence for LHS */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection */

  if( !sqlite3IsLikeFunction(db, pExpr, pnoCase, wc) ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
    /* No collation is defined for the ROWID.  Use the default. */
    pColl = db->pDfltColl;
  }
  if( (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_BINARY || *pnoCase) &&
      (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE || !*pnoCase) ){
    return 0;
  }
  z = (const char*)pRight->token.z;
  cnt = 0;
  if( z ){
    n = pRight->token.n;
    while( cnt<n && (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
      cnt++;
    }
  }
  if( cnt==0 || 255==(u8)z[cnt-1] ){
    return 0;
  }
  *pisComplete = z[cnt]==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
  *pnPattern = cnt;
  return 1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */
................................................................................
  Expr *pExpr      /* Test this expression */
){
  ExprList *pList;

  if( pExpr->op!=TK_FUNCTION ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( pExpr->token.n!=5 ||
       sqlite3StrNICmp((const char*)pExpr->token.z,"match",5)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  pList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pList->nExpr!=2 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( pList->a[1].pExpr->op != TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup, 0);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_IN, pDup, 0, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    int i;
    static const u8 ops[] = {TK_GE, TK_LE};
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;

      pNewExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, ops[i], sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
    }
................................................................................
    Expr *pLeft, *pRight;
    Expr *pStr1, *pStr2;
    Expr *pNewExpr1, *pNewExpr2;
    int idxNew1, idxNew2;

    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pStr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_STRING, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pStr1 ){
      sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pStr1->token, &pRight->token);
      pStr1->token.n = nPattern;
    }
    pStr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStr1, 0);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      u8 c, *pC;
      /* assert( pStr2->token.dyn ); */
      pC = (u8*)&pStr2->token.z[nPattern-1];
      c = *pC;
      if( noCase ){
        if( c=='@' ) isComplete = 0;
        c = sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
................................................................................

    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;

      pNewExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_MATCH, 0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    struct InLoop *pIn;

    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeComment((v, "%.*s", pX->span.n, pX->span.z));
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,







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** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.398 2009/05/27 10:31:29 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
................................................................................
  int *pisComplete, /* True if the only wildcard is % in the last character */
  int *pnoCase      /* True if uppercase is equivalent to lowercase */
){
  const char *z;             /* String on RHS of LIKE operator */
  Expr *pRight, *pLeft;      /* Right and left size of LIKE operator */
  ExprList *pList;           /* List of operands to the LIKE operator */
  int c;                     /* One character in z[] */

  int cnt;                   /* Number of non-wildcard prefix characters */
  char wc[3];                /* Wildcard characters */
  CollSeq *pColl;            /* Collating sequence for LHS */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection */

  if( !sqlite3IsLikeFunction(db, pExpr, pnoCase, wc) ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
    /* No collation is defined for the ROWID.  Use the default. */
    pColl = db->pDfltColl;
  }
  if( (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_BINARY || *pnoCase) &&
      (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE || !*pnoCase) ){
    return 0;
  }
  z = pRight->zToken;
  cnt = 0;
  if( z ){

    while( (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
      cnt++;
    }
  }
  if( cnt==0 || c==0 || 255==(u8)z[cnt-1] ){
    return 0;
  }
  *pisComplete = z[cnt]==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
  *pnPattern = cnt;
  return 1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */
................................................................................
  Expr *pExpr      /* Test this expression */
){
  ExprList *pList;

  if( pExpr->op!=TK_FUNCTION ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->zToken,"match")!=0 ){

    return 0;
  }
  pList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pList->nExpr!=2 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( pList->a[1].pExpr->op != TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    int i;
    static const u8 ops[] = {TK_GE, TK_LE};
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
    }
................................................................................
    Expr *pLeft, *pRight;
    Expr *pStr1, *pStr2;
    Expr *pNewExpr1, *pNewExpr2;
    int idxNew1, idxNew2;

    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pStr1 = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_STRING, pRight->zToken);
    if( pStr1 ) pStr1->zToken[nPattern] = 0;



    pStr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStr1, 0);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      u8 c, *pC;

      pC = (u8*)&pStr2->zToken[nPattern-1];
      c = *pC;
      if( noCase ){
        if( c=='@' ) isComplete = 0;
        c = sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
................................................................................

    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    struct InLoop *pIn;

    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);

    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,

Changes to test/attach.test.

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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this script is testing the ATTACH and DETACH commands
# and related functionality.
#
# $Id: attach.test,v 1.49 2008/07/12 14:52:20 drh Exp $
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !attach {
  finish_test
................................................................................
  do_test attach-7.1 {
    file delete -force test.db test.db-journal
    sqlite3 db test.db
    catchsql {
      DETACH RAISE ( IGNORE ) IN ( SELECT "AAAAAA" . * ORDER BY 
      REGISTER LIMIT "AAAAAA" . "AAAAAA" OFFSET RAISE ( IGNORE ) NOT NULL )
    }
  } {1 {invalid name: "RAISE ( IGNORE ) IN ( SELECT "AAAAAA" . * ORDER BY 
      REGISTER LIMIT "AAAAAA" . "AAAAAA" OFFSET RAISE ( IGNORE ) NOT NULL )"}}
}

# Create a malformed file (a file that is not a valid database)
# and try to attach it
#
do_test attach-8.1 {
  set fd [open test2.db w]







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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this script is testing the ATTACH and DETACH commands
# and related functionality.
#
# $Id: attach.test,v 1.50 2009/05/27 10:31:30 drh Exp $
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !attach {
  finish_test
................................................................................
  do_test attach-7.1 {
    file delete -force test.db test.db-journal
    sqlite3 db test.db
    catchsql {
      DETACH RAISE ( IGNORE ) IN ( SELECT "AAAAAA" . * ORDER BY 
      REGISTER LIMIT "AAAAAA" . "AAAAAA" OFFSET RAISE ( IGNORE ) NOT NULL )
    }
  } {1 {invalid name: ""}}

}

# Create a malformed file (a file that is not a valid database)
# and try to attach it
#
do_test attach-8.1 {
  set fd [open test2.db w]

Changes to test/select1.test.

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#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the SELECT statement.
#
# $Id: select1.test,v 1.68 2009/04/23 14:58:40 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Try to select on a non-existant table.
#
do_test select1-1.1 {
................................................................................
do_test select1-4.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY min(f1,f2)}} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {11 33}}
do_test select1-4.4 {
  set v [catch {execsql {SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY min(f1)}} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: min(f1)}}

# The restriction not allowing constants in the ORDER BY clause
# has been removed.  See ticket #1768
#do_test select1-4.5 {
#  catchsql {
#    SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY 8.4;
#  }







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#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the SELECT statement.
#
# $Id: select1.test,v 1.69 2009/05/27 10:31:30 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Try to select on a non-existant table.
#
do_test select1-1.1 {
................................................................................
do_test select1-4.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY min(f1,f2)}} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {11 33}}
do_test select1-4.4 {
  set v [catch {execsql {SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY min(f1)}} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: min()}}

# The restriction not allowing constants in the ORDER BY clause
# has been removed.  See ticket #1768
#do_test select1-4.5 {
#  catchsql {
#    SELECT f1 FROM test1 ORDER BY 8.4;
#  }

Changes to test/tkt1514.test.

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source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_test tkt1514-1.1 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);
    SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE max(b)<10 GROUP BY a;
  }
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: max(b)}}

finish_test







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source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_test tkt1514-1.1 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);
    SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE max(b)<10 GROUP BY a;
  }
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: max()}}

finish_test

Changes to test/tkt3508.test.

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#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library. 
#
# $Id: tkt3508.test,v 1.3 2008/11/26 20:09:15 pweilbacher Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_test tkt3508-1.1 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE modificationsTmp (
................................................................................
      MODIFICATION_TYPE VARCHAR(80),
      EXPERIMENT_TYPE VARCHAR(80),
      REFERENCE_ID VARCHAR(80)
    );
    select SUBSTRATE_HPRD_ID, count(substrate_refseq_id) as c
      from modificationsTmp where c > 1 group by SUBSTRATE_HPRD_ID;
  }
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: }}

finish_test







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#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library. 
#
# $Id: tkt3508.test,v 1.4 2009/05/27 10:31:30 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_test tkt3508-1.1 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE modificationsTmp (
................................................................................
      MODIFICATION_TYPE VARCHAR(80),
      EXPERIMENT_TYPE VARCHAR(80),
      REFERENCE_ID VARCHAR(80)
    );
    select SUBSTRATE_HPRD_ID, count(substrate_refseq_id) as c
      from modificationsTmp where c > 1 group by SUBSTRATE_HPRD_ID;
  }
} {1 {misuse of aggregate: count()}}

finish_test