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Overview
Comment:Add a NEVER() to the code generator. Change the parameter name "mExtra" to "mPrereq" in the query planner, to more closely reflect its meaning.
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SHA1:721ae51e443647291f3a8f7f2128aa410fee2682
User & Date: drh 2016-03-08 01:11:51
Context
2016-03-08
01:32
Add the ALLBITS macro as a shorthand for "(Bitmask)(-1)". check-in: 91bd619d user: drh tags: trunk
01:11
Add a NEVER() to the code generator. Change the parameter name "mExtra" to "mPrereq" in the query planner, to more closely reflect its meaning. check-in: 721ae51e user: drh tags: trunk
00:39
Changes so that some assert()s in the virtual table query planner are correct even following an OOM error. check-in: 9805f6f8 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/where.c.

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** log(nRow) factor is omitted from a non-covering index scan in order to
** bias the scoring in favor of using an index, since the worst-case
** performance of using an index is far better than the worst-case performance
** of a full table scan.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtree(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra              /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  LogEst aiRowEstPk[2];       /* The aiRowLogEst[] value for the sPk index */
  i16 aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
................................................................................
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

  /* Loop over all indices
................................................................................
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
    /* The ONEPASS_DESIRED flags never occurs together with ORDER BY */
    assert( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || b==0 );
    if( pProbe->tnum<=0 ){
      /* Integer primary key index */
................................................................................
** A constraint is marked usable if:
**
**   * Argument mUsable indicates that its prerequisites are available, and
**
**   * It is not one of the operators specified in the mExclude mask passed
**     as the fourth argument (which in practice is either WO_IN or 0).
**
** Argument mExtra is a mask of tables that must be scanned before the
** virtual table in question. These are added to the plans prerequisites
** before it is added to pBuilder.
**
** Output parameter *pbIn is set to true if the plan added to pBuilder
** uses one or more WO_IN terms, or false otherwise.
*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtualOne(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  Bitmask mExtra,                 /* Mask of tables that must be used. */
  Bitmask mUsable,                /* Mask of usable prereqs */
  u16 mExclude,                   /* Exclude terms for this operator */
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo,   /* Populated object for xBestIndex */
  int *pbIn                       /* OUT: True if plan uses an IN(...) op */
){
  WhereClause *pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
................................................................................
  int mxTerm;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WhereLoop *pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  Parse *pParse = pBuilder->pWInfo->pParse;
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = &pBuilder->pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  int nConstraint = pIdxInfo->nConstraint;

  assert( (mUsable & mExtra)==mExtra );
  *pbIn = 0;
  pNew->prereq = mExtra;

  /* Set the usable flag on the subset of constraints identified by 
  ** arguments mUsable and mExclude. */
  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
    WhereTerm *pTerm = &pWC->a[pIdxCons->iTermOffset];
    pIdxCons->usable = 0;
................................................................................
}


/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
** pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be a virtual table.
**
** If there are no LEFT or CROSS JOIN joins in the query, both mExtra and
** mUnusable are set to 0. Otherwise, mExtra is a mask of all FROM clause
** entries that occur before the virtual table in the FROM clause and are
** separated from it by at least one LEFT or CROSS JOIN. Similarly, the
** mUnusable mask contains all FROM clause entries that occur after the
** virtual table and are separated from it by at least one LEFT or 
** CROSS JOIN. 
**
** For example, if the query were:
**
**   ... FROM t1, t2 LEFT JOIN t3, t4, vt CROSS JOIN t5, t6;
**
** then mExtra corresponds to (t1, t2) and mUnusable to (t5, t6).
**
** All the tables in mExtra must be scanned before the current virtual 
** table. So any terms for which all prerequisites are satisfied by 
** mExtra may be specified as "usable" in all calls to xBestIndex. 
** Conversely, all tables in mUnusable must be scanned after the current
** virtual table, so any terms for which the prerequisites overlap with
** mUnusable should always be configured as "not-usable" for xBestIndex.
*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtual(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,  /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra,              /* Tables that must be scanned before this one */
  Bitmask mUnusable            /* Tables that must be scanned after this one */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;           /* WHERE analysis context */
  Parse *pParse;               /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;   /* The FROM clause term to search */
  sqlite3_index_info *p;       /* Object to pass to xBestIndex() */
  int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraints in p */
  int bIn;                     /* True if plan uses IN(...) operator */
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  Bitmask mBest;               /* Tables used by best possible plan */

  assert( (mExtra & mUnusable)==0 );
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pSrc = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  assert( IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );
  p = allocateIndexInfo(pParse, pWC, mUnusable, pSrc,pBuilder->pOrderBy);
................................................................................
  nConstraint = p->nConstraint;
  if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pNew, nConstraint) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  /* First call xBestIndex() with all constraints usable. */
  rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mExtra, (Bitmask)(-1), 0, p, &bIn);
  mBest = pNew->prereq & ~mExtra;

  /* If the call to xBestIndex() with all terms enabled produced a plan
  ** that does not require any source tables, there is no point in making
  ** any further calls - if the xBestIndex() method is sane they will all
  ** return the same plan anyway.
  */
  if( mBest ){
................................................................................
    int seenZeroNoIN = 0;         /* Plan with no prereqs and no IN(...) seen */
    Bitmask mPrev = 0;
    Bitmask mBestNoIn = 0;

    /* If the plan produced by the earlier call uses an IN(...) term, call
    ** xBestIndex again, this time with IN(...) terms disabled. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bIn ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mExtra, (Bitmask)-1, WO_IN, p,&bIn);
      mBestNoIn = pNew->prereq & ~mExtra;
      if( mBestNoIn==0 ){
        seenZero = 1;
        if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
      }
    }

    /* Call xBestIndex once for each distinct value of (prereqRight & ~mExtra) 
    ** in the set of terms that apply to the current virtual table.  */
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int i;
      Bitmask mNext = (Bitmask)(-1);
      assert( mNext>0 );
      for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++){
        Bitmask mThis = (
            pWC->a[p->aConstraint[i].iTermOffset].prereqRight & ~mExtra
        );
        if( mThis>mPrev && mThis<mNext ) mNext = mThis;
      }
      mPrev = mNext;
      if( mNext==(Bitmask)(-1) ) break;
      if( mNext==mBest || mNext==mBestNoIn ) continue;
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mExtra, mNext|mExtra, 0, p, &bIn);
      if( pNew->prereq==mExtra ){
        seenZero = 1;
        if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
      }
    }

    /* If the calls to xBestIndex() in the above loop did not find a plan
    ** that requires no source tables at all (i.e. one guaranteed to be
    ** usable), make a call here with all source tables disabled */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && seenZero==0 ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mExtra, mExtra, 0, p, &bIn);
      if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
    }

    /* If the calls to xBestIndex() have so far failed to find a plan
    ** that requires no source tables at all and does not use an IN(...)
    ** operator, make a final call to obtain one here.  */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && seenZeroNoIN==0 ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mExtra, mExtra, WO_IN, p, &bIn);
    }
  }

  if( p->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(p->idxStr);
  sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, p);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................

/*
** Add WhereLoop entries to handle OR terms.  This works for either
** btrees or virtual tables.
*/
static int whereLoopAddOr(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, 
  Bitmask mExtra, 
  Bitmask mUnusable
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra, mUnusable);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mExtra, mUnusable);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for all tables 
*/
static int whereLoopAddAll(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  Bitmask mExtra = 0;
  Bitmask mPrior = 0;
  int iTab;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  struct SrcList_item *pEnd = &pTabList->a[pWInfo->nLevel];
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; pItem<pEnd; iTab++, pItem++){
    Bitmask mUnusable = 0;
    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->fg.jointype|priorJointype) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
      /* This condition is true when pItem is the FROM clause term on the
      ** right-hand-side of a LEFT or CROSS JOIN.  */
      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJointype = pItem->fg.jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
      struct SrcList_item *p;
      for(p=&pItem[1]; p<pEnd; p++){
        if( mUnusable || (p->fg.jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS)) ){
          mUnusable |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p->iCursor);
        }
      }
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = whereLoopAddOr(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }
    mPrior |= pNew->maskSelf;
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) break;
  }

  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;







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** log(nRow) factor is omitted from a non-covering index scan in order to
** bias the scoring in favor of using an index, since the worst-case
** performance of using an index is far better than the worst-case performance
** of a full table scan.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtree(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mPrereq             /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  LogEst aiRowEstPk[2];       /* The aiRowLogEst[] value for the sPk index */
  i16 aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
................................................................................
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mPrereq | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

  /* Loop over all indices
................................................................................
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mPrereq;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
    /* The ONEPASS_DESIRED flags never occurs together with ORDER BY */
    assert( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || b==0 );
    if( pProbe->tnum<=0 ){
      /* Integer primary key index */
................................................................................
** A constraint is marked usable if:
**
**   * Argument mUsable indicates that its prerequisites are available, and
**
**   * It is not one of the operators specified in the mExclude mask passed
**     as the fourth argument (which in practice is either WO_IN or 0).
**
** Argument mPrereq is a mask of tables that must be scanned before the
** virtual table in question. These are added to the plans prerequisites
** before it is added to pBuilder.
**
** Output parameter *pbIn is set to true if the plan added to pBuilder
** uses one or more WO_IN terms, or false otherwise.
*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtualOne(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  Bitmask mPrereq,                 /* Mask of tables that must be used. */
  Bitmask mUsable,                /* Mask of usable prereqs */
  u16 mExclude,                   /* Exclude terms for this operator */
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo,   /* Populated object for xBestIndex */
  int *pbIn                       /* OUT: True if plan uses an IN(...) op */
){
  WhereClause *pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
................................................................................
  int mxTerm;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WhereLoop *pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  Parse *pParse = pBuilder->pWInfo->pParse;
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = &pBuilder->pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  int nConstraint = pIdxInfo->nConstraint;

  assert( (mUsable & mPrereq)==mPrereq );
  *pbIn = 0;
  pNew->prereq = mPrereq;

  /* Set the usable flag on the subset of constraints identified by 
  ** arguments mUsable and mExclude. */
  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
    WhereTerm *pTerm = &pWC->a[pIdxCons->iTermOffset];
    pIdxCons->usable = 0;
................................................................................
}


/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
** pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be a virtual table.
**
** If there are no LEFT or CROSS JOIN joins in the query, both mPrereq and
** mUnusable are set to 0. Otherwise, mPrereq is a mask of all FROM clause
** entries that occur before the virtual table in the FROM clause and are
** separated from it by at least one LEFT or CROSS JOIN. Similarly, the
** mUnusable mask contains all FROM clause entries that occur after the
** virtual table and are separated from it by at least one LEFT or 
** CROSS JOIN. 
**
** For example, if the query were:
**
**   ... FROM t1, t2 LEFT JOIN t3, t4, vt CROSS JOIN t5, t6;
**
** then mPrereq corresponds to (t1, t2) and mUnusable to (t5, t6).
**
** All the tables in mPrereq must be scanned before the current virtual 
** table. So any terms for which all prerequisites are satisfied by 
** mPrereq may be specified as "usable" in all calls to xBestIndex. 
** Conversely, all tables in mUnusable must be scanned after the current
** virtual table, so any terms for which the prerequisites overlap with
** mUnusable should always be configured as "not-usable" for xBestIndex.
*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtual(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,  /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mPrereq,             /* Tables that must be scanned before this one */
  Bitmask mUnusable            /* Tables that must be scanned after this one */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;           /* WHERE analysis context */
  Parse *pParse;               /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;   /* The FROM clause term to search */
  sqlite3_index_info *p;       /* Object to pass to xBestIndex() */
  int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraints in p */
  int bIn;                     /* True if plan uses IN(...) operator */
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  Bitmask mBest;               /* Tables used by best possible plan */

  assert( (mPrereq & mUnusable)==0 );
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pSrc = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  assert( IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );
  p = allocateIndexInfo(pParse, pWC, mUnusable, pSrc,pBuilder->pOrderBy);
................................................................................
  nConstraint = p->nConstraint;
  if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pNew, nConstraint) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  /* First call xBestIndex() with all constraints usable. */
  rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mPrereq, (Bitmask)(-1), 0, p, &bIn);
  mBest = pNew->prereq & ~mPrereq;

  /* If the call to xBestIndex() with all terms enabled produced a plan
  ** that does not require any source tables, there is no point in making
  ** any further calls - if the xBestIndex() method is sane they will all
  ** return the same plan anyway.
  */
  if( mBest ){
................................................................................
    int seenZeroNoIN = 0;         /* Plan with no prereqs and no IN(...) seen */
    Bitmask mPrev = 0;
    Bitmask mBestNoIn = 0;

    /* If the plan produced by the earlier call uses an IN(...) term, call
    ** xBestIndex again, this time with IN(...) terms disabled. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bIn ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder,mPrereq,(Bitmask)-1,WO_IN,p,&bIn);
      mBestNoIn = pNew->prereq & ~mPrereq;
      if( mBestNoIn==0 ){
        seenZero = 1;
        if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
      }
    }

    /* Call xBestIndex once for each distinct value of (prereqRight & ~mPrereq) 
    ** in the set of terms that apply to the current virtual table.  */
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int i;
      Bitmask mNext = (Bitmask)(-1);
      assert( mNext>0 );
      for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++){
        Bitmask mThis = (
            pWC->a[p->aConstraint[i].iTermOffset].prereqRight & ~mPrereq
        );
        if( mThis>mPrev && mThis<mNext ) mNext = mThis;
      }
      mPrev = mNext;
      if( mNext==(Bitmask)(-1) ) break;
      if( mNext==mBest || mNext==mBestNoIn ) continue;
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mPrereq, mNext|mPrereq, 0, p, &bIn);
      if( pNew->prereq==mPrereq ){
        seenZero = 1;
        if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
      }
    }

    /* If the calls to xBestIndex() in the above loop did not find a plan
    ** that requires no source tables at all (i.e. one guaranteed to be
    ** usable), make a call here with all source tables disabled */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && seenZero==0 ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mPrereq, mPrereq, 0, p, &bIn);
      if( bIn==0 ) seenZeroNoIN = 1;
    }

    /* If the calls to xBestIndex() have so far failed to find a plan
    ** that requires no source tables at all and does not use an IN(...)
    ** operator, make a final call to obtain one here.  */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && seenZeroNoIN==0 ){
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtualOne(pBuilder, mPrereq, mPrereq, WO_IN, p, &bIn);
    }
  }

  if( p->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(p->idxStr);
  sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, p);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................

/*
** Add WhereLoop entries to handle OR terms.  This works for either
** btrees or virtual tables.
*/
static int whereLoopAddOr(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, 
  Bitmask mPrereq, 
  Bitmask mUnusable
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mPrereq, mUnusable);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mPrereq);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mPrereq, mUnusable);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for all tables 
*/
static int whereLoopAddAll(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  Bitmask mPrereq = 0;
  Bitmask mPrior = 0;
  int iTab;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  struct SrcList_item *pEnd = &pTabList->a[pWInfo->nLevel];
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; pItem<pEnd; iTab++, pItem++){
    Bitmask mUnusable = 0;
    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->fg.jointype|priorJointype) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
      /* This condition is true when pItem is the FROM clause term on the
      ** right-hand-side of a LEFT or CROSS JOIN.  */
      mPrereq = mPrior;
    }
    priorJointype = pItem->fg.jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
      struct SrcList_item *p;
      for(p=&pItem[1]; p<pEnd; p++){
        if( mUnusable || (p->fg.jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS)) ){
          mUnusable |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p->iCursor);
        }
      }
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mPrereq, mUnusable);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mPrereq);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = whereLoopAddOr(pBuilder, mPrereq, mUnusable);
    }
    mPrior |= pNew->maskSelf;
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) break;
  }

  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

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    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      int iTarget = iReg+j+2;
      pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, iTarget);
        addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
      }
    }







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    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      int iTarget = iReg+j+2;
      pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( NEVER(pTerm==0) ) continue;
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, iTarget);
        addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
      }
    }