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Overview
Comment:Experiments in making loadable extensions easier to program. The shared library filename tries various operating-system specific extensions if the bare library name does not work. And the entry point is derived from the filename is the legacy entry point name "sqlite3_extension_init" is not found.
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SHA1:6cfa1d73d79b9f0be8157f0a37c264dd95b031c8
User & Date: drh 2013-04-18 22:56:42
Context
2013-04-19
01:23
Make the SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1 and SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2 macros into no-ops if the extension is statically linked. Closed-Leaf check-in: 86eb3eed user: drh tags: loadext
2013-04-18
22:56
Experiments in making loadable extensions easier to program. The shared library filename tries various operating-system specific extensions if the bare library name does not work. And the entry point is derived from the filename is the legacy entry point name "sqlite3_extension_init" is not found. check-in: 6cfa1d73 user: drh tags: loadext
20:33
Fix an incorrect comment (a copy/paste error) in the mptester. No code changes. check-in: e94783f3 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/loadext.c.

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  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Use "sqlite3_extension_init" if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
  void *handle;
  int (*xInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  char *zErrmsg = 0;


  void **aHandle;
  int nMsg = 300 + sqlite3Strlen30(zFile);














  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;

  /* Ticket #1863.  To avoid a creating security problems for older
  ** applications that relink against newer versions of SQLite, the
  ** ability to run load_extension is turned off by default.  One
  ** must call sqlite3_enable_load_extension() to turn on extension
................................................................................
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_LoadExtension)==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("not authorized");
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  if( zProc==0 ){
    zProc = "sqlite3_extension_init";
  }

  handle = sqlite3OsDlOpen(pVfs, zFile);








  if( handle==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg, 
            "unable to open shared library [%s]", zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);


































  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      nMsg += sqlite3Strlen30(zProc);
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    }


    return SQLITE_ERROR;


  }else if( xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis) ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error during initialization: %s", zErrmsg);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
    sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }







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  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Use "sqlite3_extension_init" if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
  void *handle;
  int (*xInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  const char *zEntry;
  char *zAltEntry = 0;
  void **aHandle;
  int nMsg = 300 + sqlite3Strlen30(zFile);
  int ii;

  /* Shared library endings to try if zFile cannot be loaded as written */
  static const char *azEndings[] = {
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
     "dll"   
#elif defined(__APPLE__)
     "dylib"
#else
     "so"
#endif
  };


  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;

  /* Ticket #1863.  To avoid a creating security problems for older
  ** applications that relink against newer versions of SQLite, the
  ** ability to run load_extension is turned off by default.  One
  ** must call sqlite3_enable_load_extension() to turn on extension
................................................................................
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_LoadExtension)==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("not authorized");
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }


  zEntry = zProc ? zProc : "sqlite3_extension_init";


  handle = sqlite3OsDlOpen(pVfs, zFile);
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX || SQLITE_OS_WIN
  for(ii=0; ii<ArraySize(azEndings) && handle==0; ii++){
    char *zAltFile = sqlite3_mprintf("%s.%s", zFile, azEndings[ii]);
    if( zAltFile==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    handle = sqlite3OsDlOpen(pVfs, zAltFile);
    sqlite3_free(zAltFile);
  }
#endif
  if( handle==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg, 
            "unable to open shared library [%s]", zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zEntry);

  /* If no entry point was specified and the default legacy
  ** entry point name "sqlite3_extension_init" was not found, then
  ** construct an entry point name "sqlite3_X_init" where the X is
  ** replaced by the lowercase value of every ASCII alphabetic 
  ** character in the filename after the last "/" upto the first ".",
  ** and eliding the first three characters if they are "lib".  
  ** Examples:
  **
  **    /usr/local/lib/libExample5.4.3.so ==>  sqlite3_example_init
  **    C:/lib/mathfuncs.dll              ==>  sqlite3_mathfuncs_init
  */
  if( xInit==0 && zProc==0 ){
    int iFile, iEntry, c;
    int ncFile = sqlite3Strlen30(zFile);
    zAltEntry = sqlite3_malloc(ncFile+30);
    if( zAltEntry==0 ){
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memcpy(zAltEntry, "sqlite3_", 8);
    for(iFile=ncFile-1; iFile>=0 && zFile[iFile]!='/'; iFile--){}
    iFile++;
    if( sqlite3_strnicmp(zFile+iFile, "lib", 3)==0 ) iFile += 3;
    for(iEntry=8; (c = zFile[iFile])!=0 && c!='.'; iFile++){
      if( sqlite3Isalpha(c) ){
        zAltEntry[iEntry++] = (char)sqlite3UpperToLower[(unsigned)c];
      }
    }
    memcpy(zAltEntry+iEntry, "_init", 6);
    zEntry = zAltEntry;
    xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                     sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zEntry);
  }
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      nMsg += sqlite3Strlen30(zEntry);
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zEntry, zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }

    }
    sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    sqlite3_free(zAltEntry);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3_free(zAltEntry);
  if( xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis) ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error during initialization: %s", zErrmsg);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
    sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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/*
** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
**
** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
**
** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
** [SQLite extension] library contained in the file zFile.





**
** ^The entry point is zProc.
** ^zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
** defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".




** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The calling function
** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].







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/*
** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
**
** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
**
** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
** [SQLite extension] library contained in the file zFile.  If
** the file cannot be loaded directly, attempts are made to load
** with various operating-system specific extensions added.
** So for example, if "samplelib" cannot be loaded, then names like
** "samplelib.so" or "samplelib.dylib" or "samplelib.dll" might
** be tried also.
**
** ^The entry point is zProc.
** ^(zProc may be 0, in which case SQLite will try to come up with an
** entry point name on its own.  It first tries "sqlite3_extension_init".
** If that does not work, it constructs a name "sqlite3_X_init" where the
** X is consists of the lower-case equivalent of all ASCII alphabetic
** characters in the filename from the last "/" to the first following
** "." and omitting any initial "lib".)^
** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The calling function
** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].