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Overview
Comment:Merge the latest trunk enhancements.
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SHA1:4af79477fd1c156bc31c397117a85ae72c286fe2
User & Date: drh 2015-09-01 18:40:52
Context
2015-09-03
14:31
Merge enhancements from trunk. check-in: d01658ad user: drh tags: apple-osx
2015-09-01
18:40
Merge the latest trunk enhancements. check-in: 4af79477 user: drh tags: apple-osx
2015-08-29
19:41
Enhance the json_extract() function so that if given multiple PATH arguments it will return a JSON array with all of the answers. Also update comments within the json1 extension to reflect stricter interpretation of JSON and PATH arguments. check-in: 1da60c3d user: drh tags: trunk
2015-08-28
15:35
Fix a potential segfault in the VFS logic that checks for fail renames out from under SQLite. check-in: 650111f6 user: drh tags: apple-osx
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
                -rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)/sqlite3" \
		-version-info "8:6:8"

sqlite3$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.la sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) \
		-o $@ $(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.la \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

fuzzershell$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)







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libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
                -rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)/sqlite3" \
		-version-info "8:6:8"

sqlite3$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.la sqlite3.h $(TOP)/ext/misc/json1.c
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -o $@ \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c $(TOP)/ext/misc/json1.c libsqlite3.la \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

fuzzershell$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# These are additional compiler options used for the shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_CCONV_OPTS) -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllimport)
!ELSE
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_CCONV_OPTS)
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# This is the core library that the shell executable should depend on.
#
!IFNDEF SHELL_CORE_DEP
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0
................................................................................

libsqlite3.lib:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(LTLIB) $(LTLIBOPTS) /OUT:$@ $(LIBOBJ) $(TLIBS)

libtclsqlite3.lib:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.lib
	$(LTLIB) $(LTLIBOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.lib $(LIBTCL:tcl=tclstub) $(TLIBS)

sqlite3.exe:	$(TOP)\src\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\src\shell.c \
		/link /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c sqlite3.c

fuzzershell.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c







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!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# These are additional compiler options used for the shell executable.
#
!IFNDEF SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 $(SHELL_CCONV_OPTS) -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllimport)
!ELSE
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 $(SHELL_CCONV_OPTS)
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# This is the core library that the shell executable should depend on.
#
!IFNDEF SHELL_CORE_DEP
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)!=0
................................................................................

libsqlite3.lib:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(LTLIB) $(LTLIBOPTS) /OUT:$@ $(LIBOBJ) $(TLIBS)

libtclsqlite3.lib:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.lib
	$(LTLIB) $(LTLIBOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.lib $(LIBTCL:tcl=tclstub) $(TLIBS)

sqlite3.exe:	$(TOP)\src\shell.c $(TOP)\ext\misc\json1.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\src\shell.c $(TOP)\ext\misc\json1.c \
		/link /pdb:sqlite3sh.pdb $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c sqlite3.c

fuzzershell.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c

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**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.
** This implementation parses JSON text at 250 MB/s, so it is hard to see
** how JSONB might improve on that.)
*/

#include "sqlite3ext.h"

SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

................................................................................
/* Bit values for the JsonNode.jnFlag field
*/
#define JNODE_RAW     0x01         /* Content is raw, not JSON encoded */
#define JNODE_ESCAPE  0x02         /* Content is text with \ escapes */
#define JNODE_REMOVE  0x04         /* Do not output */
#define JNODE_REPLACE 0x08         /* Replace with JsonNode.iVal */
#define JNODE_APPEND  0x10         /* More ARRAY/OBJECT entries at u.iAppend */



/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 jnFlags;            /* JNODE flags */
................................................................................
struct JsonParse {
  u32 nNode;         /* Number of slots of aNode[] used */
  u32 nAlloc;        /* Number of slots of aNode[] allocated */
  JsonNode *aNode;   /* Array of nodes containing the parse */
  const char *zJson; /* Original JSON string */
  u32 *aUp;          /* Index of parent of each node */
  u8 oom;            /* Set to true if out of memory */

};

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonString objects
**************************************************************************/

/* Set the JsonString object to an empty string
................................................................................

/*
** Append a function parameter value to the JSON string under 
** construction.
*/
static void jsonAppendValue(
  JsonString *p,                 /* Append to this JSON string */
  sqlite3_value *pValue          /* Value to append */

){
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      jsonAppendRaw(p, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_INTEGER:
................................................................................
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);



      jsonAppendString(p, z, n);

      break;
    }
    default: {
      if( p->bErr==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error(p->pCtx, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        p->bErr = 1;
        jsonReset(p);
................................................................................
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '[');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( pNode[j].jnFlags & (JNODE_REMOVE|JNODE_REPLACE) ){
            if( pNode[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
              jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
              jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode[j].iVal]);

            }
          }else{
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j]);
        }
................................................................................
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
            jsonAppendChar(pOut, ':');
            if( pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
              jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode[j+1].iVal]);

            }else{
              jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j+1], pOut, aReplace);
            }
          }
          j += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j+1]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
................................................................................
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '}');
      break;
    }
  }
}















/*
** Make the JsonNode the return value of the function.
*/
static void jsonReturn(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
................................................................................
        zOut[j] = 0;
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut, j, sqlite3_free);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      JsonString s;
      jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
      jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s, aReplace);
      jsonResult(&s);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
................................................................................
        if( seenE ) return -1;
        seenDP = seenE = 1;
        c = pParse->zJson[j+1];
        if( c=='+' || c=='-' ){
          j++;
          c = pParse->zJson[j+1];
        }
        if( c<'0' || c>'0' ) return -1;
        continue;
      }
      break;
    }
    if( pParse->zJson[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, seenDP ? JSON_REAL : JSON_INT,
                        j - i, &pParse->zJson[i]);
................................................................................
  pParse->zJson = zJson;
  i = jsonParseValue(pParse, 0);
  if( pParse->oom ) i = -1;
  if( i>0 ){
    while( isspace(zJson[i]) ) i++;
    if( zJson[i] ) i = -1;
  }
  if( i<0 ){


    if( pParse->oom && pCtx!=0 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);




    jsonParseReset(pParse);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Mark node i of pParse as being a child of iParent.  Call recursively
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, 0, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* forward declaration */
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(JsonParse*,const char*,int*);

/*
** Search along zPath to find the node specified.  Return a pointer
** to that node, or NULL if zPath is malformed or if there is no such
** node.
**
** If pApnd!=0, then try to append new nodes to complete zPath if it is
** possible to do so and if no existing node corresponds to zPath.  If
** new nodes are appended *pApnd is set to 1.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookup(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  u32 iRoot,              /* Begin the search at this node */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd              /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */

){
  u32 i, j, nKey;
  const char *zKey;
  JsonNode *pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
  if( zPath[0]==0 ) return pRoot;
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ) return 0;
................................................................................
      nKey = i-1;
      if( zPath[i] ) i++;
    }else{
      zKey = zPath;
      for(i=0; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='.' && zPath[i]!='['; i++){}
      nKey = i;
    }
    if( nKey==0 ) return 0;



    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n ){
        if( pRoot[j].n==nKey+2
         && strncmp(&pRoot[j].u.zJContent[1],zKey,nKey)==0
        ){
          return jsonLookup(pParse, iRoot+j+1, &zPath[i], pApnd);
        }
        j++;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
................................................................................
    }
    if( pApnd ){
      u32 iStart, iLabel;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      iLabel = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, i, zPath);
      zPath += i;
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
        pParse->aNode[iLabel].jnFlags |= JNODE_RAW;
      }
................................................................................
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_ARRAY ) return 0;
    i = 0;
    zPath++;
    while( isdigit(zPath[0]) ){
      i = i*10 + zPath[0] - '0';
      zPath++;
    }
    if( zPath[0]!=']' ) return 0;



    zPath++;
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n && (i>0 || (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)!=0) ){
        if( (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ) i--;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( j<=pRoot->n ){
      return jsonLookup(pParse, iRoot+j, zPath, pApnd);
    }
    if( i==0 && pApnd ){
      u32 iStart;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 1, 0);
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      }
      return pNode;
    }


  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Append content to pParse that will complete zPath.  Return a pointer
** to the inserted node, or return NULL if the append fails.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(
  JsonParse *pParse,     /* Append content to the JSON parse */
  const char *zPath,     /* Description of content to append */
  int *pApnd             /* Set this flag to 1 */

){
  *pApnd = 1;
  if( zPath[0]==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return pParse->oom ? 0 : &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
  }
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
................................................................................
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
  }else if( strncmp(zPath,"[0]",3)==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
  if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
  return jsonLookup(pParse, pParse->nNode-1, zPath, pApnd);
}




































































/*
** Report the wrong number of arguments for json_insert(), json_replace()
** or json_set().
*/
static void jsonWrongNumArgs(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
................................................................................
  const char *zFuncName
){
  char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("json_%s() needs an odd number of arguments",
                               zFuncName);
  sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
  sqlite3_free(zMsg);     
}


/****************************************************************************
** SQL functions used for testing and debugging
****************************************************************************/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
................................................................................
static void jsonTest1Func(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonReturn(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** The json_nodecount(JSON) function returns the number of nodes in the
** input JSON string.
*/
................................................................................
  int i;
  JsonString jx;

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  sqlite3_int64 n = 0;
  u32 i;
  const char *zPath;




  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 ) return;
    if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
    zPath++;
  }else{
    zPath = 0;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))==0 ){
    if( x.nNode ){
      JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
      if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, zPath, 0);
      if( pNode->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
        for(i=1; i<=pNode->n; n++){
          i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i]);
        }
      }
    }

    jsonParseReset(&x);
  }
  if( !x.oom ) sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, n);
}

/*
** json_extract(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the element described by PATH.  Return NULL if JSON is not
** valid JSON or if there is no PATH element or if PATH is malformed.



*/
static void jsonExtractFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  assert( argc==2 );
  zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  if( zPath==0 ) return;
  if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
  zPath++;
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;




  pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, zPath, 0);



  if( pNode ){





    jsonReturn(pNode, ctx, 0);
  }






  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
................................................................................
      return;
    }
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i+1]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '}');
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
** json_remove(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Remove the named elements from JSON and return the result.  Ill-formed
** PATH arguments are silently ignored.  If JSON is ill-formed, then NULL
** is returned.
*/
static void jsonRemoveFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i++){
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      if( zPath==0 ) continue;
      if( zPath[0]!='$' ) continue;
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, &zPath[1], 0);
      if( pNode ) pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
    }
    if( (x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
      jsonReturn(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
    }
  }

  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_replace(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Replace the value at PATH with VALUE.  If PATH does not already exist,
** this routine is a no-op.  If JSON is ill-formed, return NULL.
*/
static void jsonReplaceFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, "replace");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      if( zPath==0 ) continue;
      if( zPath[0]!='$' ) continue;
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, &zPath[1], 0);
      if( pNode ){
        pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REPLACE;

        pNode->iVal = i+1;
      }
    }
    if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].iVal]);
    }else{
      jsonReturn(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
    }
  }

  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_set(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Set the value at PATH to VALUE.  Create the PATH if it does not already
** exist.  Overwrite existing values that do exist.
** If JSON is ill-formed, return NULL.
**
** json_insert(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Create PATH and initialize it to VALUE.  If PATH already exists, this
** routine is a no-op.  If JSON is ill-formed, return NULL.
*/
static void jsonSetFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, bIsSet ? "set" : "insert");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){

      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      if( zPath==0 ) continue;
      if( zPath[0]!='$' ) continue;
      bApnd = 0;
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, &zPath[1], &bApnd);
      if( x.oom ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
        goto jsonSetDone;


      }else if( pNode && (bApnd || bIsSet) ){

        pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REPLACE;
        pNode->iVal = i+1;
      }
    }
    if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].iVal]);
    }else{
      jsonReturn(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
    }
  }
jsonSetDone:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_type(JSON)
** json_type(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the top-level "type" of a JSON string.  Return NULL if the
** input is not a well-formed JSON string.
*/
static void jsonTypeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  const char *zPath;




  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 ) return;
    if( zPath[0]!='$' ) return;
    zPath++;

  }else{
    zPath = 0;

  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
    if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, zPath, 0);
    if( pNode ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_valid(JSON)
**

** Return 1 if JSON is a valid JSON string.  Return 0 otherwise.
*/
static void jsonValidFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  int rc = 0;

  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))==0 
   && x.nNode>0
  ){
    rc = 1;
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, rc);
}


/****************************************************************************
** The json_each virtual table
****************************************************************************/
typedef struct JsonEachCursor JsonEachCursor;
struct JsonEachCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  u32 iRowid;                /* The rowid */
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  if( idxNum==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( idxNum&2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 || zPath[0]!='$' ) return SQLITE_OK;





  }
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  p->zJson = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
  if( p->zJson==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(p->zJson, z, (size_t)n+1);
  if( jsonParse(&p->sParse, 0, p->zJson) 








   || (p->bRecursive && jsonParseFindParents(&p->sParse))
  ){
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);

  }else{
    JsonNode *pNode;
    if( idxNum==3 ){

      p->bRecursive = 0;
      n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      p->zPath = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
      if( p->zPath==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      memcpy(p->zPath, zPath, (size_t)n+1);
      pNode = jsonLookup(&p->sParse, 0, p->zPath+1, 0);
      if( pNode==0 ){


        jsonEachCursorReset(p);


        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      pNode = p->sParse.aNode;
    }
    p->i = (int)(pNode - p->sParse.aNode);
    p->eType = pNode->eType;
................................................................................
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};


/****************************************************************************
** The following routine is the only publically visible identifier in this
** file.  Call the following routine in order to register the various SQL
** functions and the virtual table implemented by this file.
****************************************************************************/

................................................................................
     int nArg;
     int flag;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json_array",          -1, 0,   jsonArrayFunc         },
    { "json_array_length",    1, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_array_length",    2, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_extract",         2, 0,   jsonExtractFunc       },
    { "json_insert",         -1, 0,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_object",         -1, 0,   jsonObjectFunc        },
    { "json_remove",         -1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_replace",        -1, 0,   jsonReplaceFunc       },
    { "json_set",            -1, 1,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_type",            1, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_type",            2, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* DEBUG and TESTING functions */
    { "json_parse",           1, 0,   jsonParseFunc         },
    { "json_test1",           1, 0,   jsonTest1Func         },
    { "json_nodecount",       1, 0,   jsonNodeCountFunc     },
#endif
  };

  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     sqlite3_module *pModule;
  } aMod[] = {
    { "json_each",            &jsonEachModule               },
    { "json_tree",            &jsonTreeModule               },
  };

  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aMod)/sizeof(aMod[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, aMod[i].zName, aMod[i].pModule, 0);
  }

  return rc;
}







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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.
** This implementation parses JSON text at 250 MB/s, so it is hard to see
** how JSONB might improve on that.)
*/
#if !defined(_SQLITEINT_H_)
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

................................................................................
/* Bit values for the JsonNode.jnFlag field
*/
#define JNODE_RAW     0x01         /* Content is raw, not JSON encoded */
#define JNODE_ESCAPE  0x02         /* Content is text with \ escapes */
#define JNODE_REMOVE  0x04         /* Do not output */
#define JNODE_REPLACE 0x08         /* Replace with JsonNode.iVal */
#define JNODE_APPEND  0x10         /* More ARRAY/OBJECT entries at u.iAppend */
#define JNODE_JSON    0x20         /* Treat REPLACE as JSON text */


/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 jnFlags;            /* JNODE flags */
................................................................................
struct JsonParse {
  u32 nNode;         /* Number of slots of aNode[] used */
  u32 nAlloc;        /* Number of slots of aNode[] allocated */
  JsonNode *aNode;   /* Array of nodes containing the parse */
  const char *zJson; /* Original JSON string */
  u32 *aUp;          /* Index of parent of each node */
  u8 oom;            /* Set to true if out of memory */
  u8 nErr;           /* Number of errors seen */
};

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonString objects
**************************************************************************/

/* Set the JsonString object to an empty string
................................................................................

/*
** Append a function parameter value to the JSON string under 
** construction.
*/
static void jsonAppendValue(
  JsonString *p,                 /* Append to this JSON string */
  sqlite3_value *pValue,         /* Value to append */
  u8 textIsJson                  /* Try to treat text values as JSON */
){
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      jsonAppendRaw(p, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_INTEGER:
................................................................................
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      if( textIsJson ){
        jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      }else{
        jsonAppendString(p, z, n);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      if( p->bErr==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error(p->pCtx, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        p->bErr = 1;
        jsonReset(p);
................................................................................
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '[');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( pNode[j].jnFlags & (JNODE_REMOVE|JNODE_REPLACE) ){
            if( pNode[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
              jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
              jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode[j].iVal],
                              (pNode[j].jnFlags & JNODE_JSON)!=0);
            }
          }else{
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j]);
        }
................................................................................
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
            jsonAppendChar(pOut, ':');
            if( pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
              jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode[j+1].iVal],
                              (pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_JSON)!=0);
            }else{
              jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j+1], pOut, aReplace);
            }
          }
          j += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j+1]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
................................................................................
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '}');
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return a JsonNode and all its descendents as a JSON string.
*/
static void jsonReturnJson(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace    /* Array of replacement values */
){
  JsonString s;
  jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
  jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s, aReplace);
  jsonResult(&s);
}

/*
** Make the JsonNode the return value of the function.
*/
static void jsonReturn(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
................................................................................
        zOut[j] = 0;
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut, j, sqlite3_free);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      jsonReturnJson(pNode, pCtx, aReplace);



      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
................................................................................
        if( seenE ) return -1;
        seenDP = seenE = 1;
        c = pParse->zJson[j+1];
        if( c=='+' || c=='-' ){
          j++;
          c = pParse->zJson[j+1];
        }
        if( c<'0' || c>'9' ) return -1;
        continue;
      }
      break;
    }
    if( pParse->zJson[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, seenDP ? JSON_REAL : JSON_INT,
                        j - i, &pParse->zJson[i]);
................................................................................
  pParse->zJson = zJson;
  i = jsonParseValue(pParse, 0);
  if( pParse->oom ) i = -1;
  if( i>0 ){
    while( isspace(zJson[i]) ) i++;
    if( zJson[i] ) i = -1;
  }
  if( i<=0 ){
    if( pCtx!=0 ){
      if( pParse->oom ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
      }else{
        sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, "malformed JSON", -1);
      }
    }
    jsonParseReset(pParse);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Mark node i of pParse as being a child of iParent.  Call recursively
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, 0, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* forward declaration */
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(JsonParse*,const char*,int*,const char**);

/*
** Search along zPath to find the node specified.  Return a pointer
** to that node, or NULL if zPath is malformed or if there is no such
** node.
**
** If pApnd!=0, then try to append new nodes to complete zPath if it is
** possible to do so and if no existing node corresponds to zPath.  If
** new nodes are appended *pApnd is set to 1.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupStep(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  u32 iRoot,              /* Begin the search at this node */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  const char **pzErr      /* Make *pzErr point to any syntax error in zPath */
){
  u32 i, j, nKey;
  const char *zKey;
  JsonNode *pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
  if( zPath[0]==0 ) return pRoot;
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ) return 0;
................................................................................
      nKey = i-1;
      if( zPath[i] ) i++;
    }else{
      zKey = zPath;
      for(i=0; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='.' && zPath[i]!='['; i++){}
      nKey = i;
    }
    if( nKey==0 ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n ){
        if( pRoot[j].n==nKey+2
         && strncmp(&pRoot[j].u.zJContent[1],zKey,nKey)==0
        ){
          return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j+1, &zPath[i], pApnd, pzErr);
        }
        j++;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
................................................................................
    }
    if( pApnd ){
      u32 iStart, iLabel;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      iLabel = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, i, zPath);
      zPath += i;
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
        pParse->aNode[iLabel].jnFlags |= JNODE_RAW;
      }
................................................................................
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_ARRAY ) return 0;
    i = 0;
    zPath++;
    while( isdigit(zPath[0]) ){
      i = i*10 + zPath[0] - '0';
      zPath++;
    }
    if( zPath[0]!=']' ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    zPath++;
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n && (i>0 || (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)!=0) ){
        if( (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ) i--;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( j<=pRoot->n ){
      return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
    }
    if( i==0 && pApnd ){
      u32 iStart;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 1, 0);
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      }
      return pNode;
    }
  }else if( zPath[0]!=0 ){
    *pzErr = zPath;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Append content to pParse that will complete zPath.  Return a pointer
** to the inserted node, or return NULL if the append fails.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(
  JsonParse *pParse,     /* Append content to the JSON parse */
  const char *zPath,     /* Description of content to append */
  int *pApnd,            /* Set this flag to 1 */
  const char **pzErr     /* Make this point to any syntax error */
){
  *pApnd = 1;
  if( zPath[0]==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return pParse->oom ? 0 : &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
  }
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
................................................................................
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
  }else if( strncmp(zPath,"[0]",3)==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
  if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
  return jsonLookupStep(pParse, pParse->nNode-1, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
}

/*
** Return the text of a syntax error message on a JSON path.  Space is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *jsonPathSyntaxError(const char *zErr){
  return sqlite3_mprintf("JSON path error near '%q'", zErr);
}

/*
** Do a node lookup using zPath.  Return a pointer to the node on success.
** Return NULL if not found or if there is an error.
**
** On an error, write an error message into pCtx and increment the
** pParse->nErr counter.
**
** If pApnd!=NULL then try to append missing nodes and set *pApnd = 1 if
** nodes are appended.
**
** If the path starts with $$ then set *pFlags to JNODE_REPLACE|JNODE_JSON
** as a single to the caller that the input text to be inserted should be 
** interpreted as JSON rather than as ordinary text.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookup(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,  /* Report errors here, if not NULL */
  u8 *pFlags              /* Write JNODE_REPLACE or _REPLACE|_JSON here */
){
  const char *zErr = 0;
  JsonNode *pNode = 0;
  u8 fg = JNODE_REPLACE;

  if( zPath==0 ) return 0;
  if( zPath[0]!='$' ){
    zErr = zPath;
    goto lookup_err;
  }
  zPath++;
  if( zPath[0]=='$' ){
    if( pFlags==0 ){
      zErr = zPath;
      goto lookup_err;
    }
    zPath++;
    fg = JNODE_REPLACE|JNODE_JSON;
  }
  if( pFlags ) *pFlags = fg;
  pNode = jsonLookupStep(pParse, 0, zPath, pApnd, &zErr);
  return pNode;

lookup_err:
  pParse->nErr++;
  if( zErr!=0 && pCtx!=0 ){
    char *z = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
    if( z ){
      sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, z, -1);
      sqlite3_free(z);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
    }
  }
  if( pFlags ) *pFlags = fg;
  return 0;
}


/*
** Report the wrong number of arguments for json_insert(), json_replace()
** or json_set().
*/
static void jsonWrongNumArgs(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
................................................................................
  const char *zFuncName
){
  char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("json_%s() needs an odd number of arguments",
                               zFuncName);
  sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
  sqlite3_free(zMsg);     
}


/****************************************************************************
** SQL functions used for testing and debugging
****************************************************************************/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
................................................................................
static void jsonTest1Func(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;  /* The parse */
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** The json_nodecount(JSON) function returns the number of nodes in the
** input JSON string.
*/
................................................................................
  int i;
  JsonString jx;

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i], 0);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  sqlite3_int64 n = 0;
  u32 i;


  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode;
    if( argc==2 ){
      const char *zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);


      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx, 0);
    }else{
      pNode = x.aNode;
    }
    if( pNode==0 ){
      x.nErr = 1;


    }else if( pNode->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
      assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
      for(i=1; i<=pNode->n; n++){
        i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  if( x.nErr==0 ) sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, n);
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}



/*
** json_extract(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Return the element described by PATH.  Return NULL if there is no

** PATH element.  If there are multiple PATHs, then return a JSON array
** with the result from each path.  Throw an error if the JSON or any PATH
** is malformed.
*/
static void jsonExtractFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  JsonString jx;
  int i;

  if( argc<2 ) return;


  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx, 0);
    if( x.nErr ) break;
    if( argc>2 ){
      jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
      if( pNode ){
        jsonRenderNode(pNode, &jx, 0);
      }else{
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
      }
    }else if( pNode ){
      jsonReturn(pNode, ctx, 0);
    }
  }
  if( argc>2 && i==argc ){
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
    jsonResult(&jx);
  }
  jsonReset(&jx);
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
................................................................................
      return;
    }
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i+1], 0);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '}');
  jsonResult(&jx);
}


/*
** json_remove(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Remove the named elements from JSON and return the result.  malformed
** JSON or PATH arguments result in an error.

*/
static void jsonRemoveFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i++){
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      if( zPath==0 ) goto remove_done;
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx, 0);
      if( x.nErr ) goto remove_done;
      if( pNode ) pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
    }
    if( (x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
      jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
    }
  }
remove_done:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_replace(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Replace the value at PATH with VALUE.  If PATH does not already exist,
** this routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonReplaceFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, "replace");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
      u8 jnFlags = JNODE_REPLACE;
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx, &jnFlags);
      if( x.nErr ) goto replace_err;
      if( pNode ){
        pNode->jnFlags &= ~JNODE_JSON;
        pNode->jnFlags |= jnFlags;
        pNode->iVal = i+1;
      }
    }
    if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].iVal]);
    }else{
      jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
    }
  }
replace_err:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_set(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Set the value at PATH to VALUE.  Create the PATH if it does not already
** exist.  Overwrite existing values that do exist.
** If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
**
** json_insert(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Create PATH and initialize it to VALUE.  If PATH already exists, this
** routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonSetFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
................................................................................
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, bIsSet ? "set" : "insert");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
      u8 jnFlags = JNODE_REPLACE;
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);


      bApnd = 0;
      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, &bApnd, ctx, &jnFlags);
      if( x.oom ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
        goto jsonSetDone;
      }else if( x.nErr ){
        goto jsonSetDone;
      }else if( pNode && (bApnd || bIsSet) ){
        pNode->jnFlags &= ~JNODE_JSON;
        pNode->jnFlags |= jnFlags;
        pNode->iVal = i+1;
      }
    }
    if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].iVal]);
    }else{
      jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
    }
  }
jsonSetDone:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_type(JSON)
** json_type(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the top-level "type" of a JSON string.  Throw an error if
** either the JSON or PATH inputs are not well-formed.
*/
static void jsonTypeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  const char *zPath;

  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode;
    if( argc==2 ){
      zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);



      pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx, 0);
    }else{

      pNode = x.aNode;
    }




    if( pNode ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_valid(JSON)
**
** Return 1 if JSON is a well-formed JSON string according to RFC-7159.
** Return 0 otherwise.
*/
static void jsonValidFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  int rc = 0;

  if( jsonParse(&x, 0, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))==0 
   && x.nNode>0
  ){
    rc = 1;
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, rc);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/****************************************************************************
** The json_each virtual table
****************************************************************************/
typedef struct JsonEachCursor JsonEachCursor;
struct JsonEachCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  u32 iRowid;                /* The rowid */
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  if( idxNum==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( idxNum&2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
    if( zPath[0]!='$' ){
      sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
      cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zPath);
      return cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  p->zJson = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
  if( p->zJson==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(p->zJson, z, (size_t)n+1);
  if( jsonParse(&p->sParse, 0, p->zJson) ){
    int rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( p->sParse.oom==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
      cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("malformed JSON");
      if( cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return rc;
  }else if( p->bRecursive && jsonParseFindParents(&p->sParse) ){

    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    JsonNode *pNode;
    if( idxNum==3 ){
      const char *zErr = 0;
      p->bRecursive = 0;
      n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      p->zPath = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
      if( p->zPath==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      memcpy(p->zPath, zPath, (size_t)n+1);
      pNode = jsonLookupStep(&p->sParse, 0, p->zPath+1, 0, &zErr);
      if( p->sParse.nErr ){
        sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
        cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
        jsonEachCursorReset(p);
        return cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else if( pNode==0 ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      pNode = p->sParse.aNode;
    }
    p->i = (int)(pNode - p->sParse.aNode);
    p->eType = pNode->eType;
................................................................................
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/****************************************************************************
** The following routine is the only publically visible identifier in this
** file.  Call the following routine in order to register the various SQL
** functions and the virtual table implemented by this file.
****************************************************************************/

................................................................................
     int nArg;
     int flag;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json_array",          -1, 0,   jsonArrayFunc         },
    { "json_array_length",    1, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_array_length",    2, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_extract",        -1, 0,   jsonExtractFunc       },
    { "json_insert",         -1, 0,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_object",         -1, 0,   jsonObjectFunc        },
    { "json_remove",         -1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_replace",        -1, 0,   jsonReplaceFunc       },
    { "json_set",            -1, 1,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_type",            1, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_type",            2, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* DEBUG and TESTING functions */
    { "json_parse",           1, 0,   jsonParseFunc         },
    { "json_test1",           1, 0,   jsonTest1Func         },
    { "json_nodecount",       1, 0,   jsonNodeCountFunc     },
#endif
  };
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     sqlite3_module *pModule;
  } aMod[] = {
    { "json_each",            &jsonEachModule               },
    { "json_tree",            &jsonTreeModule               },
  };
#endif
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aMod)/sizeof(aMod[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, aMod[i].zName, aMod[i].pModule, 0);
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c.

485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
...
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
....
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
....
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
....
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683

3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
        }
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        total += cnt;
        if( total>limit ){
          /* ERROR: copy exceeds output file size */
          return -1;
        }
        if( ofst+cnt > lenSrc ){
          /* ERROR: copy extends past end of input */
          return -1;
        }
        memcpy(zOut, &zSrc[ofst], cnt);
        zOut += cnt;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      case ':': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        total += cnt;
        if( total>limit ){
          /* ERROR:  insert command gives an output larger than predicted */
          return -1;
        }
        if( cnt>lenDelta ){
          /* ERROR: insert count exceeds size of delta */
          return -1;
        }
        memcpy(zOut, zDelta, cnt);
        zOut += cnt;
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
................................................................................
        goto rbuTableType_end;
      }
    }
    *peType = RBU_PK_NONE;
  }

rbuTableType_end: {
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(aStmt)/sizeof(aStmt[0]); i++){
      rbuFinalize(p, aStmt[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zMask
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;

    if( strlen(zMask)!=pIter->nTblCol ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
        if( c=='x' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", 
................................................................................
    rbuVfsCheckReservedLock,      /* xCheckReservedLock */
    rbuVfsFileControl,            /* xFileControl */
    rbuVfsSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */
    rbuVfsDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
    rbuVfsShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */
    rbuVfsShmLock,                /* xShmLock */
    rbuVfsShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */
    rbuVfsShmUnmap                /* xShmUnmap */

  };
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = (rbu_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pRbuVfs->pRealVfs;
  rbu_file *pFd = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zOpen = zName;








|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|
>







485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
...
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
....
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
....
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
....
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
        }
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        total += cnt;
        if( total>limit ){
          /* ERROR: copy exceeds output file size */
          return -1;
        }
        if( (int)(ofst+cnt) > lenSrc ){
          /* ERROR: copy extends past end of input */
          return -1;
        }
        memcpy(zOut, &zSrc[ofst], cnt);
        zOut += cnt;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      case ':': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        total += cnt;
        if( total>limit ){
          /* ERROR:  insert command gives an output larger than predicted */
          return -1;
        }
        if( (int)cnt>lenDelta ){
          /* ERROR: insert count exceeds size of delta */
          return -1;
        }
        memcpy(zOut, zDelta, cnt);
        zOut += cnt;
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
................................................................................
        goto rbuTableType_end;
      }
    }
    *peType = RBU_PK_NONE;
  }

rbuTableType_end: {
    unsigned int i;
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(aStmt)/sizeof(aStmt[0]); i++){
      rbuFinalize(p, aStmt[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zMask
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;

    if( (int)strlen(zMask)!=pIter->nTblCol ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
        if( c=='x' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", 
................................................................................
    rbuVfsCheckReservedLock,      /* xCheckReservedLock */
    rbuVfsFileControl,            /* xFileControl */
    rbuVfsSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */
    rbuVfsDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
    rbuVfsShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */
    rbuVfsShmLock,                /* xShmLock */
    rbuVfsShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */
    rbuVfsShmUnmap,               /* xShmUnmap */
    0, 0                          /* xFetch, xUnfetch */
  };
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = (rbu_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pRbuVfs->pRealVfs;
  rbu_file *pFd = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zOpen = zName;

Changes to main.mk.

422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -o sqlite3$(EXE)                  \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c                                  \
		libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

fuzzershell$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h







|
|
|







422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h $(TOP)/ext/misc/json1.c
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -o sqlite3$(EXE)  \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c $(TOP)/ext/misc/json1.c                \
		libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

fuzzershell$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/fuzzershell.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h

Changes to src/build.c.

352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = isView ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUAL_TABLE
    /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
    ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
    ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
    Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);
    if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
      return pMod->pEpoTab;
    }







|







352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = isView ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
    ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
    ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
    Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);
    if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
      return pMod->pEpoTab;
    }

Changes to src/shell.c.

4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620







4621
4622
4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;








  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
  {
    extern int sqlite3_json_init(sqlite3*);
    sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))sqlite3_json_init);
  }
#endif

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){

Changes to src/wal.c.

424
425
426
427
428
429
430

431
432
433
434
435
436
437
....
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311














2312

2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
....
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382

2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
....
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422

2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
....
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* WAL_RDWR, WAL_RDONLY, or WAL_SHM_RDONLY */
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */

  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** This does not guarantee that the copy of the wal-index header is up to
    ** date before proceeding. That would not be possible without somehow
    ** blocking writers. It only guarantees that a dangerous checkpoint or 
    ** log-wrap (either of which would require an exclusive lock on
    ** WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI)) has not occurred since the snapshot was valid.














    */

    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
................................................................................
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */


  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
................................................................................
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */

  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=0 && iRead==0; iHash--){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;      /* Pointer to hash table */
    volatile u32 *aPgno;          /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
    u32 iZero;                    /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */

................................................................................
    rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }







>







 







|
|
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

>







 







>







 







>
|







 







|







424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
....
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
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  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* WAL_RDWR, WAL_RDONLY, or WAL_SHM_RDONLY */
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
    ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
    ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
    ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
    ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
    **
    ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
    ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
    ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
    ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
    ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
    ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
    ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
    ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
    ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
    ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
    ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
    ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
    ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
    */
    pWal->minFrame = pInfo->nBackfill+1;
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
................................................................................
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */
  int iMinHash;

  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
................................................................................
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */
  iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=iMinHash && iRead==0; iHash--){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;      /* Pointer to hash table */
    volatile u32 *aPgno;          /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
    u32 iZero;                    /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */

................................................................................
    rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }

Changes to test/json101.test.

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} {1 {json_object() labels must be TEXT}}
do_catchsql_test json1-2.3 {
  SELECT json_object('a',1,'b');
} {1 {json_object() requires an even number of arguments}}
do_catchsql_test json1-2.4 {
  SELECT json_object('a',1,'b',x'abcd');
} {1 {JSON cannot hold BLOB values}}





































































































































































































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} {1 {json_object() labels must be TEXT}}
do_catchsql_test json1-2.3 {
  SELECT json_object('a',1,'b');
} {1 {json_object() requires an even number of arguments}}
do_catchsql_test json1-2.4 {
  SELECT json_object('a',1,'b',x'abcd');
} {1 {JSON cannot hold BLOB values}}

do_execsql_test json1-3.1 {
  SELECT json_replace('{"a":1,"b":2}','$.a','[3,4,5]');
} {{{"a":"[3,4,5]","b":2}}}
do_execsql_test json1-3.2 {
  SELECT json_replace('{"a":1,"b":2}','$$.a','[3,4,5]');
} {{{"a":[3,4,5],"b":2}}}
do_execsql_test json1-3.3 {
  SELECT json_type(json_set('{"a":1,"b":2}','$.b','{"x":3,"y":4}'),'$.b');
} {text}
do_execsql_test json1-3.4 {
  SELECT json_type(json_set('{"a":1,"b":2}','$$.b','{"x":3,"y":4}'),'$.b');
} {object}

# Per rfc7159, any JSON value is allowed at the top level, and whitespace
# is permitting before and/or after that value.
#
do_execsql_test json1-4.1 {
  CREATE TABLE j1(x);
  INSERT INTO j1(x)
   VALUES('true'),('false'),('null'),('123'),('-234'),('34.5e+6'),
         ('""'),('"\""'),('"\\"'),('"abcdefghijlmnopqrstuvwxyz"'),
         ('[]'),('{}'),('[true,false,null,123,-234,34.5e+6,{},[]]'),
         ('{"a":true,"b":{"c":false}}');
  SELECT * FROM j1 WHERE NOT json_valid(x);
} {}
do_execsql_test json1-4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM j1 WHERE NOT json_valid(char(0x20,0x09,0x0a,0x0d)||x);
} {}
do_execsql_test json1-4.3 {
  SELECT * FROM j1 WHERE NOT json_valid(x||char(0x20,0x09,0x0a,0x0d));
} {}

# But an empty string, or a string of pure whitespace is not valid JSON.
#
do_execsql_test json1-4.4 {
  SELECT json_valid(''), json_valid(char(0x20,0x09,0x0a,0x0d));
} {0 0}

# json_remove() and similar functions with no edit operations return their
# input unchanged.
#
do_execsql_test json1-4.5 {
  SELECT x FROM j1 WHERE json_remove(x)<>x;
} {}
do_execsql_test json1-4.6 {
  SELECT x FROM j1 WHERE json_replace(x)<>x;
} {}
do_execsql_test json1-4.7 {
  SELECT x FROM j1 WHERE json_set(x)<>x;
} {}
do_execsql_test json1-4.8 {
  SELECT x FROM j1 WHERE json_insert(x)<>x;
} {}

# json_extract(JSON,'$') will return objects and arrays without change.
#
do_execsql_test json-4.10 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM j1 WHERE json_type(x) IN ('object','array');
  SELECT x FROM j1
   WHERE json_extract(x,'$')<>x
     AND json_type(x) IN ('object','array');
} {4}

do_execsql_test json-5.1 {
  CREATE TABLE j2(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, json, src);
  INSERT INTO j2(id,json,src)
  VALUES(1,'{
    "firstName": "John",
    "lastName": "Smith",
    "isAlive": true,
    "age": 25,
    "address": {
      "streetAddress": "21 2nd Street",
      "city": "New York",
      "state": "NY",
      "postalCode": "10021-3100"
    },
    "phoneNumbers": [
      {
        "type": "home",
        "number": "212 555-1234"
      },
      {
        "type": "office",
        "number": "646 555-4567"
      }
    ],
    "children": [],
    "spouse": null
  }','https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSON');
  INSERT INTO j2(id,json,src)
  VALUES(2, '{
	"id": "0001",
	"type": "donut",
	"name": "Cake",
	"ppu": 0.55,
	"batters":
		{
			"batter":
				[
					{ "id": "1001", "type": "Regular" },
					{ "id": "1002", "type": "Chocolate" },
					{ "id": "1003", "type": "Blueberry" },
					{ "id": "1004", "type": "Devil''s Food" }
				]
		},
	"topping":
		[
			{ "id": "5001", "type": "None" },
			{ "id": "5002", "type": "Glazed" },
			{ "id": "5005", "type": "Sugar" },
			{ "id": "5007", "type": "Powdered Sugar" },
			{ "id": "5006", "type": "Chocolate with Sprinkles" },
			{ "id": "5003", "type": "Chocolate" },
			{ "id": "5004", "type": "Maple" }
		]
   }','https://adobe.github.io/Spry/samples/data_region/JSONDataSetSample.html');
   INSERT INTO j2(id,json,src)
   VALUES(3,'[
	{
		"id": "0001",
		"type": "donut",
		"name": "Cake",
		"ppu": 0.55,
		"batters":
			{
				"batter":
					[
						{ "id": "1001", "type": "Regular" },
						{ "id": "1002", "type": "Chocolate" },
						{ "id": "1003", "type": "Blueberry" },
						{ "id": "1004", "type": "Devil''s Food" }
					]
			},
		"topping":
			[
				{ "id": "5001", "type": "None" },
				{ "id": "5002", "type": "Glazed" },
				{ "id": "5005", "type": "Sugar" },
				{ "id": "5007", "type": "Powdered Sugar" },
				{ "id": "5006", "type": "Chocolate with Sprinkles" },
				{ "id": "5003", "type": "Chocolate" },
				{ "id": "5004", "type": "Maple" }
			]
	},
	{
		"id": "0002",
		"type": "donut",
		"name": "Raised",
		"ppu": 0.55,
		"batters":
			{
				"batter":
					[
						{ "id": "1001", "type": "Regular" }
					]
			},
		"topping":
			[
				{ "id": "5001", "type": "None" },
				{ "id": "5002", "type": "Glazed" },
				{ "id": "5005", "type": "Sugar" },
				{ "id": "5003", "type": "Chocolate" },
				{ "id": "5004", "type": "Maple" }
			]
	},
	{
		"id": "0003",
		"type": "donut",
		"name": "Old Fashioned",
		"ppu": 0.55,
		"batters":
			{
				"batter":
					[
						{ "id": "1001", "type": "Regular" },
						{ "id": "1002", "type": "Chocolate" }
					]
			},
		"topping":
			[
				{ "id": "5001", "type": "None" },
				{ "id": "5002", "type": "Glazed" },
				{ "id": "5003", "type": "Chocolate" },
				{ "id": "5004", "type": "Maple" }
			]
	}
   ]','https://adobe.github.io/Spry/samples/data_region/JSONDataSetSample.html');
   SELECT count(*) FROM j2;
} {3}

do_execsql_test json-5.2 {
  SELECT id, json_valid(json), json_type(json), '|' FROM j2 ORDER BY id;
} {1 1 object | 2 1 object | 3 1 array |}

ifcapable !vtab {
  finish_test
  return
}

# fullkey is always the same as path+key (with appropriate formatting)
#
do_execsql_test json-5.3 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_tree(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE fullkey!=(path || CASE WHEN typeof(key)=='integer' THEN '['||key||']'
                                ELSE '.'||key END);
} {}
do_execsql_test json-5.4 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_each(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE fullkey!=(path || CASE WHEN typeof(key)=='integer' THEN '['||key||']'
                                ELSE '.'||key END);
} {}


# Verify that the json_each.json and json_tree.json output is always the
# same as input.
#
do_execsql_test json-5.5 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_each(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE jx.json<>j2.json;
} {}
do_execsql_test json-5.6 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_tree(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE jx.json<>j2.json;
} {}
do_execsql_test json-5.7 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_each(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE jx.value<>jx.atom AND type NOT IN ('array','object');
} {}
do_execsql_test json-5.8 {
  SELECT j2.rowid, jx.rowid, fullkey, path, key
    FROM j2, json_tree(j2.json) AS jx
   WHERE jx.value<>jx.atom AND type NOT IN ('array','object');
} {}



finish_test

Changes to test/wal6.test.

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} {}

db eval {SELECT test4('3.3.2')}

do_test 3.x {
  db2 close
} {}











































finish_test









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} {}

db eval {SELECT test4('3.3.2')}

do_test 3.x {
  db2 close
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that if a wal file has been partially checkpointed, no frames are
# read from the checkpointed part.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 4.1 {
  PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  PRAGMA wal_checkpoint = truncate;
} {wal 0 0 0}

do_test 4.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2) }
  file size test.db-wal
} [wal_file_size 1 1024]

do_test 4.3 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(3, 4);
  }
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint = passive } db2
} {0 1 1}

do_test 4.3 {
  execsql { COMMIT }
  db2 close
  hexio_write test.db-wal 0 [string repeat 00 2000]
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
} {}

do_test 4.4.1 { 
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2 
} {0 {1 2}}
do_test 4.4.2 { 
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t2 } db2 
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}


finish_test