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Overview
Comment::-) (CVS 220)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:45a0e0fc8ccde52ac409d1271beaef779fa7eeee
User & Date: drh 2001-05-26 13:15:44
Context
2001-05-28
00:41
:-) (CVS 221) check-in: c8d3bdd9 user: drh tags: trunk
2001-05-26
13:15
:-) (CVS 220) check-in: 45a0e0fc user: drh tags: trunk
2001-05-24
21:06
Continued work on btree (CVS 219) check-in: 18500cdc user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/btree.c.

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958

** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.7 2001/05/24 21:06:35 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include <assert.h>

/*
** The maximum number of database entries that can be held in a single
** page of the database. 
*/
#define MX_CELL ((SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(PageHdr))/sizeof(Cell))

/*
** The maximum amount of data (in bytes) that can be stored locally for a
** database entry.  If the entry contains more data than this, the
** extra goes onto overflow pages.
*/
#define MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD \
  ((SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(PageHdr)-4*(sizeof(Cell)+sizeof(Pgno)))/4)

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
*/
#define EXTRA_SIZE (sizeof(MemPage)-SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE)

/*
** Number of bytes on a single overflow page.
*/
#define OVERFLOW_SIZE (SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(Pgno))

/*
** Primitive data types.  u32 must be 4 bytes and u16 must be 2 bytes.
** Change these typedefs when porting to new architectures.
*/
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned short int u16;
................................................................................
/*
** Forward declarations of structures used only in this file.
*/
typedef struct Page1Header Page1Header;
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct PageHdr PageHdr;
typedef struct Cell Cell;

typedef struct FreeBlk FreeBlk;
typedef struct OverflowPage OverflowPage;

/*
** All structures on a database page are aligned to 4-byte boundries.
** This routine rounds up a number of bytes to the next multiple of 4.
**
................................................................................
*/
struct PageHdr {
  Pgno pgno;      /* Child page that comes after all cells on this page */
  u16 firstCell;  /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the first cell */
  u16 firstFree;  /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the first free block */
};


/*
































** Data on a database page is stored as a linked list of Cell structures.
** Both the key and the data are stored in aData[].  The key always comes
** first.  The aData[] field grows as necessary to hold the key and data,
** up to a maximum of MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD bytes.  If the size of the key and
** data combined exceeds MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD bytes, then the 4 bytes beginning
** at Cell.aData[MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD] are the page number of the first overflow
** page.





*/
struct Cell {
  Pgno pgno;      /* Child page that comes before this cell */
  u16 nKey;       /* Number of bytes in the key */
  u16 iNext;      /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of next cell in sorted order */
  u32 nData;      /* Number of bytes of data */

  char aData[4];  /* Key and data */

};

/*
** Free space on a page is remembered using a linked list of the FreeBlk
** structures.  Space on a database page is allocated in increments of
** at least 4 bytes and is always aligned to a 4-byte boundry.  The
** linked list of freeblocks is always kept in order by address.
*/
struct FreeBlk {
  u16 iSize;      /* Number of bytes in this block of free space */
  u16 iNext;      /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the next free block */
};






/*
** When the key and data for a single entry in the BTree will not fit in
** the MX_LOACAL_PAYLOAD bytes of space available on the database page,
** then all extra data is written to a linked list of overflow pages.
** Each overflow page is an instance of the following structure.
**
** Unused pages in the database are also represented by instances of
................................................................................
  int idxStart;                  /* Index in aPage[] of real data */
  PageHdr *pStart;               /* Points to aPage[idxStart] */
  int nFree;                     /* Number of free bytes in aPage[] */
  int nCell;                     /* Number of entries on this page */
  Cell *aCell[MX_CELL];          /* All data entires in sorted order */
}








/*
** Everything we need to know about an open database
*/
struct Btree {
  Pager *pPager;        /* The page cache */
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* A list of all open cursors */
  MemPage *page1;       /* First page of the database */
................................................................................
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBt;                     /* The pointer back to the BTree */
  BtCursor *pPrev, *pNext;        /* List of all cursors */
  MemPage *pPage;                 /* Page that contains the entry */
  int idx;                        /* Index of the entry in pPage->aCell[] */
  int skip_incr;                  /* */
};

















/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** beginning of the page and all free space is collected 
** into one big FreeBlk at the end of the page.
*/
static void defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
................................................................................
  char newPage[SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE];

  pc = ROUNDUP(pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHdr));
  pPage->pStart->firstCell = pc;
  memcpy(newPage, pPage->aPage, pc);
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    Cell *pCell = &pPage->aCell[i];
    n = pCell->nKey + pCell->nData;
    if( n>MAX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD ) n = MAX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD + sizeof(Pgno);
    n = ROUNDUP(n);
    n += sizeof(Cell) - sizeof(pCell->aData);
    pCell->iNext = i<pPage->nCell ? pc + n : 0;
    memcpy(&newPage[pc], pCell, n);
    pPage->aCell[i] = (Cell*)&pPage->aPage[pc];
    pc += n;
  }
  assert( pPage->nFree==SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-pc );
  memcpy(pPage->aPage, newPage, pc);
  pFBlk = &pPage->aPage[pc];
................................................................................
  pPage->isInit = 1;
  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  pPage->pParent = pParent;
  if( pParent ) sqlitepager_ref(pParent);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  idx = pPage->pStart->firstCell;
  while( idx!=0 ){
    if( idx>SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(Cell) ) goto page_format_error;
    if( idx<pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHeader) ) goto page_format_error;
    pCell = (Cell*)&pPage->aPage[idx];
    pPage->aCell[pPage->nCell++] = pCell;
    idx = pCell->iNext;
  }
  pPage->nFree = 0;
  idx = pPage->pStart->firstFree;
  while( idx!=0 ){
    if( idx>SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(FreeBlk) ) goto page_format_error;
    if( idx<pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHeader) ) goto page_format_error;
    pFBlk = (FreeBlk*)&pPage->aPage[idx];
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    *pSize = 0;
  }else{
    pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    *psize = pCell->nKey;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read payload information from the entry that the pCur cursor is
** pointing to.  Begin reading the payload at "offset" and read
................................................................................
  if( amt==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( amt+offset > pCell->nKey ){
  return getPayload(pCur, offset, amt, zBuf);
}

/*
** Write the number of bytes of data on the entry that the cursor
** is pointing to into *pSize.  Return SQLITE_OK.  Failure is
** not possible.
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    *pSize = 0;
  }else{
    pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    *pSize = pCell->nData;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  A total
** of "amt" bytes will be transfered into zBuf[].  The transfer
................................................................................
  if( amt==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( amt+offset > pCell->nKey ){
  return getPayload(pCur, offset + pCell->nKey, amt, zBuf);
}

/*
** Compare the key for the entry that pCur points to against the 
** given key (pKey,nKeyOrig).  Put the comparison result in *pResult.
** The result is negative if pCur<pKey, zero if they are equal and
** positive if pCur>pKey.
................................................................................
  int nKey = nKeyOrig;
  int n;
  Cell *pCell;

  assert( pCur->pPage );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  pCell = &pCur->pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( nKey > pCell->nKey ){
    nKey = pCell->nKey;
  }
  n = nKey;
  if( n>MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD ){
    n = MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD;
  }
  c = memcmp(pCell->aData, pKey, n);
  if( c!=0 ){
    *pResult = c;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pKey += n;
  nKey -= n;
  nextPage = *(Pgno*)&pCell->aData[MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD];
  while( nKey>0 ){
    OverflowPage *pOvfl;
    if( nextPage==0 ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pCur->pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................
    if( c!=0 ){
      *pResult = c;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    nKey -= n;
    pKey += n;
  }
  c = pCell->nKey - nKeyOrig;
  *pResult = c;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.
*/
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
  }
  sqlitepager_ref(pParent);
  sqlitepager_unref(pCur->pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  pCur->idx = pPage->nCell;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    if( pPage->aCell[i].pgno==oldPgno ){
      pCur->idx = i;
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pPage = pCur->pPage;
  }
  if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}































































































































































































































































int sqliteBtreeInsert(BtCursor*, void *pKey, int nKey, void *pData, int nData);































int sqliteBtreeDelete(BtCursor*);








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** Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.8 2001/05/26 13:15:44 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include <assert.h>



























/*
** Primitive data types.  u32 must be 4 bytes and u16 must be 2 bytes.
** Change these typedefs when porting to new architectures.
*/
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned short int u16;
................................................................................
/*
** Forward declarations of structures used only in this file.
*/
typedef struct Page1Header Page1Header;
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct PageHdr PageHdr;
typedef struct Cell Cell;
typedef struct CellHdr CellHdr;
typedef struct FreeBlk FreeBlk;
typedef struct OverflowPage OverflowPage;

/*
** All structures on a database page are aligned to 4-byte boundries.
** This routine rounds up a number of bytes to the next multiple of 4.
**
................................................................................
*/
struct PageHdr {
  Pgno pgno;      /* Child page that comes after all cells on this page */
  u16 firstCell;  /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the first cell */
  u16 firstFree;  /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the first free block */
};


/*
** Entries on a page of the database are called "Cells".  Each Cell
** has a header and data.  This structure defines the header.  The
** definition of the complete Cell including the data is given below.
*/
struct CellHdr {
  Pgno pgno;      /* Child page that comes before this cell */
  u16 nKey;       /* Number of bytes in the key */
  u16 iNext;      /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of next cell in sorted order */
  u32 nData;      /* Number of bytes of data */
}

/*
** The minimum size of a complete Cell.  The Cell must contain a header
** and at least 4 bytes of data.
*/
#define MIN_CELL_SIZE  (sizeof(CellHdr)+4)

/*
** The maximum number of database entries that can be held in a single
** page of the database. 
*/
#define MX_CELL ((SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(PageHdr))/MIN_CELL_SIZE)

/*
** The maximum amount of data (in bytes) that can be stored locally for a
** database entry.  If the entry contains more data than this, the
** extra goes onto overflow pages.
*/
#define MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD \
  ((SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(PageHdr))/4-(sizeof(CellHdr)+sizeof(Pgno)))

/*
** Data on a database page is stored as a linked list of Cell structures.
** Both the key and the data are stored in aData[].  The key always comes
** first.  The aData[] field grows as necessary to hold the key and data,
** up to a maximum of MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD bytes.  If the size of the key and
** data combined exceeds MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD bytes, then Cell.ovfl is the
** page number of the first overflow page.
**
** Though this structure is fixed in size, the Cell on the database
** page varies in size.  Very cell has a CellHdr and at least 4 bytes
** of payload space.  Additional payload bytes (up to the maximum of
** MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD) and the Cell.ovfl value are allocated only as
** needed.
*/
struct Cell {




  CellHdr h;                     /* The cell header */
  char aData[MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD];  /* Key and data */
  Pgno ovfl;                     /* The first overflow page */
};

/*
** Free space on a page is remembered using a linked list of the FreeBlk
** structures.  Space on a database page is allocated in increments of
** at least 4 bytes and is always aligned to a 4-byte boundry.  The
** linked list of freeblocks is always kept in order by address.
*/
struct FreeBlk {
  u16 iSize;      /* Number of bytes in this block of free space */
  u16 iNext;      /* Index in MemPage.aPage[] of the next free block */
};

/*
** Number of bytes on a single overflow page.
*/
#define OVERFLOW_SIZE (SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(Pgno))

/*
** When the key and data for a single entry in the BTree will not fit in
** the MX_LOACAL_PAYLOAD bytes of space available on the database page,
** then all extra data is written to a linked list of overflow pages.
** Each overflow page is an instance of the following structure.
**
** Unused pages in the database are also represented by instances of
................................................................................
  int idxStart;                  /* Index in aPage[] of real data */
  PageHdr *pStart;               /* Points to aPage[idxStart] */
  int nFree;                     /* Number of free bytes in aPage[] */
  int nCell;                     /* Number of entries on this page */
  Cell *aCell[MX_CELL];          /* All data entires in sorted order */
}

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
*/
#define EXTRA_SIZE (sizeof(MemPage)-SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE)

/*
** Everything we need to know about an open database
*/
struct Btree {
  Pager *pPager;        /* The page cache */
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* A list of all open cursors */
  MemPage *page1;       /* First page of the database */
................................................................................
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBt;                     /* The pointer back to the BTree */
  BtCursor *pPrev, *pNext;        /* List of all cursors */
  MemPage *pPage;                 /* Page that contains the entry */
  int idx;                        /* Index of the entry in pPage->aCell[] */
  int skip_incr;                  /* */
};

/*
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs on the main
** database page.  The number returned includes the Cell header, but
** not any overflow pages.
*/
static int cellSize(Cell *pCell){
  int n = pCell->h.nKey + pCell->h.nData;
  if( n>MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD ){
    n = MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD + sizeof(Pgno);
  }else{
    n = ROUNDUP(n);
  }
  n += sizeof(CellHdr);
  return n;
}

/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** beginning of the page and all free space is collected 
** into one big FreeBlk at the end of the page.
*/
static void defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
................................................................................
  char newPage[SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE];

  pc = ROUNDUP(pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHdr));
  pPage->pStart->firstCell = pc;
  memcpy(newPage, pPage->aPage, pc);
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    Cell *pCell = &pPage->aCell[i];
    n = cellSize(pCell);



    pCell->h.iNext = i<pPage->nCell ? pc + n : 0;
    memcpy(&newPage[pc], pCell, n);
    pPage->aCell[i] = (Cell*)&pPage->aPage[pc];
    pc += n;
  }
  assert( pPage->nFree==SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-pc );
  memcpy(pPage->aPage, newPage, pc);
  pFBlk = &pPage->aPage[pc];
................................................................................
  pPage->isInit = 1;
  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  pPage->pParent = pParent;
  if( pParent ) sqlitepager_ref(pParent);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  idx = pPage->pStart->firstCell;
  while( idx!=0 ){
    if( idx>SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-MN_CELL_SIZE ) goto page_format_error;
    if( idx<pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHeader) ) goto page_format_error;
    pCell = (Cell*)&pPage->aPage[idx];
    pPage->aCell[pPage->nCell++] = pCell;
    idx = pCell->h.iNext;
  }
  pPage->nFree = 0;
  idx = pPage->pStart->firstFree;
  while( idx!=0 ){
    if( idx>SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(FreeBlk) ) goto page_format_error;
    if( idx<pPage->idxStart + sizeof(PageHeader) ) goto page_format_error;
    pFBlk = (FreeBlk*)&pPage->aPage[idx];
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    *pSize = 0;
  }else{
    pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    *psize = pCell->h.nKey;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read payload information from the entry that the pCur cursor is
** pointing to.  Begin reading the payload at "offset" and read
................................................................................
  if( amt==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( amt+offset > pCell->h.nKey ){
  return getPayload(pCur, offset, amt, zBuf);
}

/*
** Write the number of bytes of data on the entry that the cursor
** is pointing to into *pSize.  Return SQLITE_OK.  Failure is
** not possible.
................................................................................

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    *pSize = 0;
  }else{
    pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
    *pSize = pCell->h.nData;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  A total
** of "amt" bytes will be transfered into zBuf[].  The transfer
................................................................................
  if( amt==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pCell = pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( amt+offset > pCell->h.nKey ){
  return getPayload(pCur, offset + pCell->h.nKey, amt, zBuf);
}

/*
** Compare the key for the entry that pCur points to against the 
** given key (pKey,nKeyOrig).  Put the comparison result in *pResult.
** The result is negative if pCur<pKey, zero if they are equal and
** positive if pCur>pKey.
................................................................................
  int nKey = nKeyOrig;
  int n;
  Cell *pCell;

  assert( pCur->pPage );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  pCell = &pCur->pPage->aCell[pCur->idx];
  if( nKey > pCell->h.nKey ){
    nKey = pCell->h.nKey;
  }
  n = nKey;
  if( n>MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD ){
    n = MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD;
  }
  c = memcmp(pCell->aData, pKey, n);
  if( c!=0 ){
    *pResult = c;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pKey += n;
  nKey -= n;
  nextPage = pCell->ovfl;
  while( nKey>0 ){
    OverflowPage *pOvfl;
    if( nextPage==0 ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pCur->pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................
    if( c!=0 ){
      *pResult = c;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    nKey -= n;
    pKey += n;
  }
  c = pCell->h.nKey - nKeyOrig;
  *pResult = c;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.
*/
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
  }
  sqlitepager_ref(pParent);
  sqlitepager_unref(pCur->pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  pCur->idx = pPage->nCell;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    if( pPage->aCell[i].h.pgno==oldPgno ){
      pCur->idx = i;
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pPage = pCur->pPage;
  }
  if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Allocate a new page from the database file.
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlitepager_write()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlitepager_unref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlitepager_unref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
*/
static int allocatePage(Btree *pBt, MemPage **ppPage, Pgno *pPgno){
  Page1Header *pPage1 = (Page1Header*)pBt->page1;
  if( pPage1->freeList ){
    OverflowPage *pOvfl;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage1);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    *pPgno = pPage1->freeList;
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, pPage1->freeList, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(pOvfl);
    if( rc ){
      sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl);
      return rc;
    }
    pPage1->freeList = pOvfl->next;
    *ppPage = (MemPage*)pOvfl;
  }else{
    *pPgno = sqlitepager_pagecount(pBt->pPager);
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, *pPgno, ppPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlitepager_write(*ppPage);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.  Either pgno or
** pPage but not both may be 0. 
*/
static int freePage(Btree *pBt, void *pPage, Pgno pgno){
  Page1Header *pPage1 = (Page1Header*)pBt->page1;
  OverflowPage *pOvfl = (OverflowPage*)pPage;
  int rc;
  int needOvflUnref = 0;
  if( pgno==0 ){
    assert( pOvfl!=0 );
    pgno = sqlitepager_pagenumber(pOvfl);
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pPage1);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  if( pOvfl==0 ){
    assert( pgno>0 );
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pBt->pPager, pgno, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    needOvflUnref = 1;
  }
  rc = sqlitepager_write(pOvfl);
  if( rc ){
    if( needOvflUnref ) sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl);
    return rc;
  }
  pOvfl->next = pPage1->freeList;
  pPage1->freeList = pgno;
  memset(pOvfl->aData, 0, OVERFLOW_SIZE);
  rc = sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Erase all the data out of a cell.  This involves returning overflow
** pages back the freelist.
*/
static int clearCell(Btree *pBt, Cell *pCell){
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  OverflowPage *pOvfl;
  Page1Header *pPage1 = (Page1Header*)pBt->page1;
  Pgno ovfl, nextOvfl;
  int rc;

  ovfl = pCell->ovfl;
  pCell->ovfl = 0;
  while( ovfl ){
    rc = sqlitepager_get(pPager, ovfl, &pOvfl);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nextOvfl = pOvfl->next;
    freePage(pBt, pOvfl, ovfl);
    ovfl = nextOvfl;
    sqlitepager_unref(pOvfl);
  }
}

/*
** Create a new cell from key and data.  Overflow pages are allocated as
** necessary and linked to this cell.  
*/
static int fillInCell(
  Btree *pBt,              /* The whole Btree.  Needed to allocate pages */
  Cell *pCell,             /* Populate this Cell structure */
  void *pKey, int nKey,    /* The key */
  void *pData,int nData    /* The data */
){
  int OverflowPage *pOvfl;
  Pgno *pNext;
  int spaceLeft;
  int n;
  int nPayload;
  char *pPayload;
  char *pSpace;

  pCell->h.pgno = 0;
  pCell->h.nKey = nKey;
  pCell->h.nData = nData;
  pCell->h.iNext = 0;

  pNext = &pCell->ovfl;
  pSpace = pCell->aData;
  spaceLeft = MX_LOCAL_PAYLOAD;
  pPayload = pKey;
  pKey = 0;
  nPayload = nKey;
  while( nPayload>0 ){
    if( spaceLeft==0 ){
      rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pOvfl, pNext);
      if( rc ){
        *pNext = 0;
        clearCell(pCell);
        return rc;
      }
      spaceLeft = OVERFLOW_SIZE;
      pSpace = pOvfl->aData;
      pNextPg = &pOvfl->next;
    }
    n = nPayload;
    if( n>spaceLeft ) n = spaceLeft;
    memcpy(pSpace, pPayload, n);
    nPayload -= n;
    if( nPayload==0 && pData ){
      pPayload = pData;
      nPayload = nData;
      pData = 0;
    }else{
      pPayload += n;
    }
    spaceLeft -= n;
    pSpace += n;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Attempt to move N or more bytes out of the page that the cursor
** points to into the left sibling page.  (The left sibling page
** contains cells that are less than the cells on this page.)  Return
** TRUE if successful and FALSE if not.
**
** Reasons for not being successful include: 
**
**    (1) there is no left sibling,
**    (2) we could only move N-1 bytes or less,
**    (3) some kind of file I/O error occurred
*/
static int rotateLeft(BtCursor *pCur, int N){
}

/*
** Split a single database page into two roughly equal-sized pages.
**
** The input is an existing page and a new Cell.  The Cell might contain
** a valid Cell.pgno field pointing to a child page.
**
** The output is the Cell that divides the two new pages.  The content
** of this divider Cell is written into *pCenter.  pCenter->pgno points
** to the new page that was created to hold the smaller half of the
** cells from the divided page.  The larger cells from the divided
** page are written to a newly allocated page and *ppOut is made to
** point to that page.  Except, if ppOut==NULL then the larger cells
** remain on pIn.
*/
static int split(
  MemPage *pIn,       /* The page that is to be divided */
  Cell *pNewCell,     /* A new cell to add to pIn before dividing it up */
  Cell *pCenter,      /* Write the cell that divides the two pages here */
  MemPage **ppOut     /* If not NULL, put larger cells in new page at *ppOut */
){
  
}

/*
** With this routine, we know that the Cell pNewCell will fit into the
** database page that pCur points to.  The calling routine has made
** sure it will fit.  All this routine needs to do is add the Cell
** to the page.
*/
static int insertCell(BtCursor *pCur, Cell *pNewCell){
}

/*
** Insert pNewCell into the database page that pCur is pointing to.
** pNewCell->h.pgno points to a child page that comes before pNewCell->data[],
** unless pCur is a leaf page.
*/
static int addToPage(BtCursor *pCur, Cell *pNewCell){
  Cell tempCell;
  Cell centerCell;

  for(;;){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    int sz = cellSize(pNewCell);
    if( sz<=pPage->nFree ){
      insertCell(pCur, pNewCell);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pPage->pParent==0 ){
      MemPage *pRight;
      PageHdr *pHdr;
      FreeBlk *pFBlk;
      int pc;
      rc = split(pPage, pNewCell, &centerCell, &pRight);
      pHdr = pPage->pStart;
      pHdr->pgno = sqlitepager_pagenumber(pRight);
      sqlitepager_unref(pRight);
      pHdr->firstCell = pc = pPage->idxStart + sizeof(*pHdr);
      sz = cellSize(&centerCell);
      memcpy(&pPage->aPage[pc], &centerCell, sz);
      pc += sz;
      pHdr->firstFree = pc;
      pFBlk = (FreeBlk*)&pPage->aPage[pc];
      pFBlk->iSize = SQLITE_PAGE_SIZE - pc;
      pFBlk->iNext = 0;
      memset(&pFBlk[1], 0, pFBlk->iSize-sizeof(*pFBlk));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( rotateLeft(pCur, sz - pPage->nFree) 
           || rotateRight(pCur, sz - pPage->nFree) ){
      insertCell(pCur, pNewCell);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = split(pPage, pNewCell, &centerCell, 0);
    parentPage(pCur);
    tempCell = centerCell;
    pNewPage = &tempCell;
  }
}

/*
** Insert a new record into the BTree.  The key is given by (pKey,nKey)
** and the data is given by (pData,nData).  The cursor is used only to
** define what database the record should be inserted into.  The cursor
** is NOT left pointing at the new record.
*/
int sqliteBtreeInsert(
  BtCursor *pCur,            /* Insert data into the table of this cursor */
  void *pKey,  int nKey,     /* The key of the new record */
  void *pData, int nData     /* The data of the new record */
){
  Cell newCell;
  int rc;
  int loc;
  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  rc = sqliteBtreeMoveTo(pCur, pKey, nKey, &loc);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = fillInCell(pBt, &newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  newCell.h.pgno = pCur->pPage->aCell[pCur->idx].h.pgno;
  if( loc==0 ){
    rc = clearCell(pBt, &pCur->pPage->aCell[pCur->idx]);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    unlinkCell(pCur);
  }
  return addToPage(pCur, &newCell);
}

/*
** Delete the record that the cursor is pointing to.  Leave the cursor
** pointing at the next record after the one to which it currently points.
** Also, set the pCur->skip_next flag so that the next sqliteBtreeNext() 
** called for this cursor will be a no-op.
*/
int sqliteBtreeDelete(BtCursor *pCur){
}