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Overview
Comment:Instead of storing a pointer to the parent page in the MemPage structure, have each B-Tree cursor keep track of the ancestry of the current page. (CVS 5747)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 40425e93421286cca1965d7a5769084526210c7a
User & Date: danielk1977 2008-09-29 11:49:48
Context
2008-09-29
14:12
Update shared_err.test to work with (5668) (return SQLITE_CORRUPT if rollback fails). (CVS 5748) check-in: 292acaf7 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
11:49
Instead of storing a pointer to the parent page in the MemPage structure, have each B-Tree cursor keep track of the ancestry of the current page. (CVS 5747) check-in: 40425e93 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
00:11
fix #3077: use full version in pkg-config files (CVS 5746) check-in: efe095e0 user: vapier tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/btree.c.

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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.517 2008/09/26 17:31:55 danielk1977 Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** See the header comment on "btreeInt.h" for additional information.
** Including a description of file format and an overview of operation.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"

................................................................................

  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==pCur->pPage->intKey){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc(pCur->nKey);
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->pPage->intKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    releasePage(pCur->pPage);


    pCur->pPage = 0;
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**
** The pParent parameter must be a pointer to the MemPage which
** is the parent of the page being initialized.  The root of a
** BTree has no parent and so for that page, pParent==NULL.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If we see that the page does
** not contain a well-formed database page, then return 
** SQLITE_CORRUPT.  Note that a return of SQLITE_OK does not
** guarantee that the page is well-formed.  It only shows that
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeInitPage(
  MemPage *pPage,        /* The page to be initialized */

  MemPage *pParent       /* The parent.  Might be NULL */
){





  int pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
  int hdr;           /* Offset to beginning of page header */
  u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
  BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
  int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
  int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
  int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
  int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( pPage==pParent ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( (pPage->pParent!=pParent)
   && (pPage->pParent!=0 || pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL) ){
    /* The parent page should never change unless the file is corrupt */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pParent!=0 ){
    pPage->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  }
  if( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_NONE ){
    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
    pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    pPage->idxShift = 0;
................................................................................
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    if( pPage->nCell==0 && pParent!=0 && pParent->pgno!=1 ){
      /* All pages must have at least one cell, except for root pages */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  
    /* Compute the total free space on the page */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top - (cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell);
    while( pc>0 ){
      int next, size;
      if( pc>usableSize-4 ){
................................................................................
      pc = next;
    }
    pPage->nFree = nFree;
    if( nFree>=usableSize ){
      /* Free space cannot exceed total page size */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }
  }

#if 0
  /* Check that all the offsets in the cell offset array are within range. 
  ** 
  ** Omitting this consistency check and using the pPage->maskPage mask
  ** to prevent overrunning the page buffer in findCell() results in a
  ** 2.5% performance gain.
................................................................................
    for(pOff=&data[cellOffset]; pOff!=pEnd && !((*pOff)&mask); pOff+=2);
    if( pOff!=pEnd ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }
#endif

  pPage->isInit = PAGE_ISINIT_FULL;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
** no entries.
*/
................................................................................
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
  pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = PAGE_ISINIT_FULL;
}


/*
** Convert a DbPage obtained from the pager into a MemPage used by
** the btree layer.
*/
................................................................................
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine
** is just a convenience wrapper around separate calls to
** sqlite3BtreeGetPage() and sqlite3BtreeInitPage().
*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,          /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage,    /* Write the page pointer here */
  MemPage *pParent     /* Parent of the page */
){
  int rc;
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( !pParent || pParent->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
  }

  /* It is often the case that the page we want is already in cache.
  ** If so, get it directly.  This saves us from having to call
  ** pagerPagecount() to make sure pgno is within limits, which results
................................................................................
    if( pgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pPage = *ppPage;
  }
  if( pPage->isInit!=PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pParent);
  }else if( pParent && (pPage==pParent || pPage->pParent!=pParent) ){
    /* This condition indicates a loop in the b-tree structure (the scenario
    ** where database corruption has caused a page to be a direct or
    ** indirect descendant of itself).
    */ 
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    *ppPage = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(DbPage *pData){
  MemPage *pPage;
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->isInit!=PAGE_ISINIT_FULL 
         || sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) 
    );
    if( pPage->pParent ){
      MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
      assert( pParent->pBt==pPage->pBt );
      pPage->pParent = 0;
      releasePage(pParent);
    }
    if( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ){
      pPage->isInit = PAGE_ISINIT_DATA;
    }
  }
}

/*
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(DbPage *pData){
  MemPage *pPage;
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  if( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    pPage->isInit = 0;
    sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  }else if( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_DATA ){
    pPage->isInit = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the busy handler for a btree.
*/
static int sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler(void *pArg, int n){
................................................................................
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    pBt->busyHdr.xFunc = sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler;
    pBt->busyHdr.pArg = pBt;
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename, pageDestructor,
                          EXTRA_SIZE, flags, vfsFlags);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
................................................................................
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
  }
  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
................................................................................
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{
    int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
    int i;
    int nCell;

    sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, 0);
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
................................................................................
** 3:  The database must be writable (not on read-only media)
**
** 4:  There must be an active transaction.
**
** No checking is done to make sure that page iTable really is the
** root page of a b-tree.  If it is not, then the cursor acquired
** will not work correctly.



*/
static int btreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
................................................................................
    }
  }
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  if( iTable==1 && pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_EMPTY;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->pPage, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables, link the cursor into the BtShared list and set *ppCur (the
  ** output argument to this function).
................................................................................
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

  return SQLITE_OK;

create_cursor_exception:
  releasePage(pCur->pPage);
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
................................................................................
/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){

    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pBt->db = pBtree->db;
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( pCur->pPrev ){
      pCur->pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
    }else{
      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;
    }
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }

    releasePage(pCur->pPage);

    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make a temporary cursor by filling in the fields of pTempCur.
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){

    sqlite3PagerRef(pTempCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( pCur->pPage ){

    sqlite3PagerUnref(pCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** sqlite3BtreeParseCell() to fill it in.
................................................................................
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing agressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;

    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &info);
    assert( memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){

      sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &pCur->info);
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                               \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                            \

    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &pCur->info);         \
    pCur->validNKey = 1;                                                \
  }else{                                                                \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                               \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
................................................................................
  int skipKey,         /* offset begins at data if this is true */
  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;     /* Btree page of current cursor entry */
  BtShared *pBt;                   /* Btree this cursor belongs to */

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : pCur->info.nKey);

................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
    if( pCur->pPage->intKey ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pCur->pPage->intKey==0 );
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 1, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
................................................................................
  int skipKey          /* read beginning at data if this is true */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  MemPage *pPage;
  u32 nKey;
  int nLocal;

  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->pPage!=0 );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell;
  aPayload += pCur->info.nHeader;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }else{
    nKey = pCur->info.nKey;
................................................................................

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pNewPage;
  MemPage *pOldPage;
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage, pCur->pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pNewPage->idxParent = pCur->idx;
  pOldPage = pCur->pPage;
  pOldPage->idxShift = 0;
  releasePage(pOldPage);
  pCur->pPage = pNewPage;
  pCur->idx = 0;



  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return true if the page is the virtual root of its table.
**
** The virtual root page is the root page for most tables.  But
** for the table rooted on page 1, sometime the real root page
** is empty except for the right-pointer.  In such cases the
** virtual root page is the page that the right-pointer of page
** 1 is pointing to.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pParent;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  if( pParent==0 ) return 1;
  if( pParent->pgno>1 ) return 0;
  if( get2byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+3])==0 ) return 1;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Move the cursor up to the parent page.
**
** pCur->idx is set to the cell index that contains the pointer
** to the page we are coming from.  If we are coming from the
** right-most child page then pCur->idx is set to one more than
** the largest cell index.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pParent;
  MemPage *pPage;
  int idxParent;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pDbPage->nRef>0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);


  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  pCur->idx = idxParent;

}

/*
** Move the cursor to the root page
*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
................................................................................
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
      return pCur->skip;
    }
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);
  }
  pRoot = pCur->pPage;
  if( pRoot && pRoot->isInit ){
    /* If the page the cursor is currently pointing to is fully initialized,
    ** then the root page can be found by following the MemPage.pParent
    ** pointers. This is faster than requesting a reference to the root
    ** page from the pager layer.
    */
    while( pRoot->pParent ){
      assert( pRoot->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
      pRoot = pRoot->pParent;
    }
    assert( pRoot->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
    if( pRoot!=pCur->pPage ){
      sqlite3PagerRef(pRoot->pDbPage);



      releasePage(pCur->pPage);
      pCur->pPage = pRoot;
    }
  }else{
    if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0))
    ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    releasePage(pCur->pPage);
    pCur->pPage = pRoot;
  }
  assert( pCur->pPage->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );
  pCur->idx = 0;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell==0 && !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    assert( pRoot->pgno==1 );
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( subpage>0 );
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);


  }
  pCur->eState = ((pCur->pPage->nCell>0)?CURSOR_VALID:CURSOR_INVALID);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
**
................................................................................
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    pgno = get4byte(findCell(pPage, pCur->idx));
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the right-most leaf entry beneath the
................................................................................
static int moveToRightmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->idx = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->idx = pPage->nCell - 1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell>0 );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
      getCellInfo(pCur);
      pCur->atLast = rc==SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && pCur->validNKey && pCur->pPage->intKey ){


    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pPage );
  assert( pCur->pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;
    assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pCur->pPage->intKey || pIdxKey );
  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    int c = -1;  /* pRes return if table is empty must be -1 */
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    if( !pPage->intKey && pIdxKey==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    if( biasRight ){
      pCur->idx = upr;
    }else{
      pCur->idx = (upr+lwr)/2;
    }
    if( lwr<=upr ) for(;;){
      void *pCellKey;
      i64 nCellKey;

      pCur->info.nSize = 0;
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
      if( pPage->intKey ){
        u8 *pCell;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          u32 dummy;
          pCell += getVarint32(pCell, dummy);
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey==intKey ){
          c = 0;
................................................................................
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
          if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = pCur->idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c<0 ){
        lwr = pCur->idx+1;
      }else{
        upr = pCur->idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        break;
      }
      pCur->idx = (lwr+upr)/2;
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
      if( pRes ) *pRes = c;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    pCur->idx = lwr;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
  }
moveto_finish:
  return rc;
................................................................................
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skip>0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;



  assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  assert( pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );

  pCur->idx++;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) ){
        *pRes = 1;
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }while( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell );
    *pRes = 0;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    return rc;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  Pgno pgno;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
  if( pCur->skip<0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte( findCell(pPage, pCur->idx) );

    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->idx==0 ){
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }
    pCur->idx--;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;



    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

end_allocate_page:
  releasePage(pTrunk);
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (*ppPage)->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    (*ppPage)->isInit = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

................................................................................
static int reparentPage(
  BtShared *pBt,                /* B-Tree structure */
  Pgno pgno,                    /* Page number of child being adopted */
  MemPage *pNewParent,          /* New parent of pgno */
  int idx,                      /* Index of child page pgno in pNewParent */
  int updatePtrmap              /* If true, update pointer-map for pgno */
){
  MemPage *pThis;
  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pNewParent!=0 );
  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  pDbPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  if( pDbPage ){
    pThis = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
    if( pThis->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ){
      assert( pThis->aData==sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage) );
      if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
        if( pThis->pParent ) sqlite3PagerUnref(pThis->pParent->pDbPage);
        pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
        sqlite3PagerRef(pNewParent->pDbPage);
      }
      pThis->idxParent = idx;
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }

  if( ISAUTOVACUUM && updatePtrmap ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }

#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* If the updatePtrmap flag was clear, assert that the entry in the
  ** pointer-map is already correct.
................................................................................
** in exchange for a larger degradation in INSERT and UPDATE performance.
** The value of NN appears to give the best results overall.
*/
#define NN 1             /* Number of neighbors on either side of pPage */
#define NB (NN*2+1)      /* Total pages involved in the balance */

/* Forward reference */
static int balance(MemPage*, int);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
/*
** This version of balance() handles the common special case where
** a new entry is being inserted on the extreme right-end of the
** tree, in other words, when the new entry will become the largest
** entry in the tree.
................................................................................
** at the end soon afterwards so the nearly empty page will quickly
** fill up.  On average.
**
** pPage is the leaf page which is the right-most page in the tree.
** pParent is its parent.  pPage must have a single overflow entry
** which is also the right-most entry on the page.
*/
static int balance_quick(MemPage *pPage, MemPage *pParent){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pNew = 0;
  Pgno pgnoNew;
  u8 *pCell;
  u16 szCell;
  CellInfo info;


  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int parentIdx = pParent->nCell;   /* pParent new divider cell index */
  int parentSize;                   /* Size of new divider cell */
  u8 parentCell[64];                /* Space for the new divider cell */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

................................................................................
    pCell = pPage->aOvfl[0].pCell;
    szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    zeroPage(pNew, pPage->aData[0]);
    assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  
    /* Set the parent of the newly allocated page to pParent. */

    pNew->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);

  
    /* pPage is currently the right-child of pParent. Change this
    ** so that the right-child is the new page allocated above and
    ** pPage is the next-to-right child. 
    **
    ** Ignore the return value of the call to fillInCell(). fillInCell()
    ** may only return other than SQLITE_OK if it is required to allocate
................................................................................
  ** not important, as they will be recalculated when the page is rolled
  ** back. But here, in balance_quick(), it is possible that pPage has 
  ** not yet been marked dirty or written into the journal file. Therefore
  ** it will not be rolled back and so it is important to make sure that
  ** the page data and contents of MemPage are consistent.
  */
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pParent->pDbPage);

  /* If everything else succeeded, balance the parent page, in 
  ** case the divider cell inserted caused it to become overfull.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    rc = balance(pParent, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE */

/*
** This routine redistributes Cells on pPage and up to NN*2 siblings
................................................................................
** might become overfull or underfull.  If that happens, then this routine
** is called recursively on the parent.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason, it might leave the database
** in a corrupted state.  So if this routine fails, the database should
** be rolled back.
*/
static int balance_nonroot(MemPage *pPage){

  MemPage *pParent;            /* The parent of pPage */
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */
  int nCell = 0;               /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int nNew;                    /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nDiv;                    /* Number of cells in apDiv[] */
................................................................................
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aCopy[NB];         /* Space for holding data of apCopy[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;           /* Space for copies of dividers cells before balance */
  u8 *aSpace2 = 0;       /* Space for overflow dividers cells after balance */
  u8 *aFrom = 0;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */

  assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) || pPage->nOverflow==1 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  pParent = pPage->pParent;

  assert( pParent );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));

................................................................................
  ** balancing.  balance_quick() is much faster and results in a tighter
  ** packing of data in the common case.
  */
  if( pPage->leaf &&
      pPage->intKey &&
      pPage->nOverflow==1 &&
      pPage->aOvfl[0].idx==pPage->nCell &&
      pPage->pParent->pgno!=1 &&
      get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pPage->pgno
  ){
    assert( pPage->intKey );
    /*
    ** TODO: Check the siblings to the left of pPage. It may be that
    ** they are not full and no new page is required.
    */
    return balance_quick(pPage, pParent);
  }
#endif

  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

................................................................................
      if( get4byte(findCell(pParent, idx))==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pgno );
  }else{
    idx = pPage->idxParent;
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
      assert( !pParent->leaf );
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
    }else if( k==pParent->nCell ){
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      break;
    }
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgnoOld[i], &apOld[i], pParent);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    apOld[i]->idxParent = k;
    apCopy[i] = 0;
    assert( i==nOld );
    nOld++;
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
  }

  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
................................................................................
#endif

  /*
  ** Balance the parent page.  Note that the current page (pPage) might
  ** have been added to the freelist so it might no longer be initialized.
  ** But the parent page will always be initialized.
  */
  assert( pParent->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  apCell = 0;


  rc = balance(pParent, 0);
  
  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3PageFree(aSpace2);
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

  releasePage(pParent);
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished with %d: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          pPage->pgno, nOld, nNew, nCell));

  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called for the root page of a btree when the root
** page contains no cells.  This is an opportunity to make the tree
** shallower by one level.
*/
static int balance_shallower(MemPage *pPage){

  MemPage *pChild;             /* The only child page of pPage */
  Pgno pgnoChild;              /* Page number for pChild */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code from subprocedures */
  BtShared *pBt;                  /* The main BTree structure */
  int mxCellPerPage;           /* Maximum number of cells per page */
  u8 **apCell;                 /* All cells from pages being balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );


  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  mxCellPerPage = MX_CELL(pBt);
  apCell = sqlite3Malloc( mxCellPerPage*(sizeof(u8*)+sizeof(u16)) );
  if( apCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[mxCellPerPage];
................................................................................
    */
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( pgnoChild>0 );
    assert( pgnoChild<=pagerPagecount(pPage->pBt->pPager) );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pPage->pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild, 0);
    if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
    if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild, pPage);
      if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
      assert( pChild->nOverflow==0 );
      if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
        /* The child information will fit on the root page, so do the
        ** copy */
        int i;
        zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0]);
................................................................................
        /* The child has more information that will fit on the root.
        ** The tree is already balanced.  Do nothing. */
        TRACE(("BALANCE: child %d will not fit on page 1\n", pChild->pgno));
      }
    }else{
      memcpy(pPage->aData, pChild->aData, pPage->pBt->usableSize);
      pPage->isInit = 0;
      pPage->pParent = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, 0);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
      freePage(pChild);
      TRACE(("BALANCE: transfer child %d into root %d\n",
              pChild->pgno, pPage->pgno));
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pPage, 1);
    assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
................................................................................
**
** When this happens, Create a new child page and copy the
** contents of the root into the child.  Then make the root
** page an empty page with rightChild pointing to the new
** child.   Finally, call balance_internal() on the new child
** to cause it to split.
*/
static int balance_deeper(MemPage *pPage){
  int rc;             /* Return value from subprocedures */

  MemPage *pChild;    /* Pointer to a new child page */
  Pgno pgnoChild;     /* Page number of the new child page */
  BtShared *pBt;         /* The BTree */
  int usableSize;     /* Total usable size of a page */
  u8 *data;           /* Content of the parent page */
  u8 *cdata;          /* Content of the child page */
  int hdr;            /* Offset to page header in parent */
  int cbrk;           /* Offset to content of first cell in parent */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow>0 );


  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pChild->pDbPage) );
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cbrk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  cdata = pChild->aData;
  memcpy(cdata, &data[hdr], pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell-hdr);
  memcpy(&cdata[cbrk], &data[cbrk], usableSize-cbrk);
  if( pChild->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;

  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild, pPage);
  if( rc ) goto balancedeeper_out;
  memcpy(pChild->aOvfl, pPage->aOvfl, pPage->nOverflow*sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]));

  pChild->nOverflow = pPage->nOverflow;
  if( pChild->nOverflow ){
    pChild->nFree = 0;
  }
  assert( pChild->nCell==pPage->nCell );
  zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0] & ~PTF_LEAF);
  put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], pgnoChild);
  TRACE(("BALANCE: copy root %d into %d\n", pPage->pgno, pChild->pgno));
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    int i;
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pChild->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pPage->pgno);
    if( rc ) goto balancedeeper_out;
    for(i=0; i<pChild->nCell; i++){
      rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pChild, i);

      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto balancedeeper_out;

      }
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pChild, 1);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    rc = balance_nonroot(pChild);


  }

balancedeeper_out:
  releasePage(pChild);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Decide if the page pPage needs to be balanced.  If balancing is

** required, call the appropriate balancing routine.




*/
static int balance(MemPage *pPage, int insert){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pParent==0 ){

    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow>0 ){
      rc = balance_deeper(pPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nCell==0 ){
      rc = balance_shallower(pPage);
    }
  }else{
    if( pPage->nOverflow>0 || 
        (!insert && pPage->nFree>pPage->pBt->usableSize*2/3) ){
      rc = balance_nonroot(pPage);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine checks all cursors that point to table pgnoRoot.
................................................................................
  const void *pData, int nData,  /* The data of the new record */
  int nZero,                     /* Number of extra 0 bytes to append to data */
  int appendBias                 /* True if this is likely an append */
){
  int rc;
  int loc;
  int szNew;

  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  unsigned char *oldCell;
  unsigned char *newCell = 0;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
................................................................................
  if( 
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur)) ||
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );
  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  allocateTempSpace(pBt);
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew<=MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );

  if( loc==0 && CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSizePtr(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, szOld);
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    pCur->idx++;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  rc = insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, newCell, szNew, 0, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_insert;
  rc = balance(pPage, 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* balance() may have messed up the chain of MemPage.pParent pointers.
    ** To prevent moveToRoot() from trying to use them to locate the root
    ** page of this table, release the reference to the current page before
    ** calling it.
    */
    releasePage(pCur->pPage);
    pCur->pPage = 0;
    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }
end_insert:
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the entry that the cursor is pointing to.  The cursor
** is left pointing at a random location.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;

  unsigned char *pCell;
  int rc;
  Pgno pgnoChild = 0;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->isInit==PAGE_ISINIT_FULL );
  if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing a delete */
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
    return rc;
  }
  assert( !pBt->readOnly );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skip;
  }
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* The cursor is not pointing to anything */
  }
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Did not open this cursor for writing */
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur, pCur->info.nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* Locate the cell within its page and leave pCell pointing to the
  ** data. The clearCell() call frees any overflow pages associated with the
  ** cell. The cell itself is still intact.
  */

  pCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx);
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgnoChild = get4byte(pCell);
  }
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
    ** The entry we are about to delete is not a leaf so if we do not
    ** do something we will leave a hole on an internal page.
    ** We have to fill the hole by moving in a cell from a leaf.  The
    ** next Cell after the one to be deleted is guaranteed to exist and
    ** to be a leaf so we can use it.
    */
    BtCursor leafCur;



    unsigned char *pNext;
    int notUsed;
    unsigned char *tempCell = 0;
    assert( !pPage->intKey );
    sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(leafCur.pPage->pDbPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u16 szNext;
      TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete internal from %d replace from leaf %d\n",
         pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno, leafCur.pPage->pgno));
      dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
      pNext = findCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx);
      szNext = cellSizePtr(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
      assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt)>=szNext+4 );
      allocateTempSpace(pBt);
      tempCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
      if( tempCell==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, pNext-4, szNext+4, tempCell, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(findOverflowCell(pPage, pCur->idx), pgnoChild);
        rc = balance(pPage, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        dropCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx, szNext);
        rc = balance(leafCur.pPage, 0);
      }
    }
    sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(&leafCur);
  }else{
    TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete from leaf %d\n",
       pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno));
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
    rc = balance(pPage, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* balance() may have messed up the chain of MemPage.pParent pointers.
    ** To prevent moveToRoot() from trying to use them to locate the root
    ** page of this table, release the reference to the current page before
    ** calling it.
    */
    releasePage(pCur->pPage);
    pCur->pPage = 0;
    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new BTree table.  Write into *piTable the page
................................................................................
  int i;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), pPage, 1);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeFlags(BtCursor *pCur){
  /* TODO: What about CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state? Probably need to call
  ** restoreCursorPosition() here.
  */
  MemPage *pPage;
  restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->pBt==pCur->pBt );
  return pPage ? pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset] : 0;
}


/*
................................................................................
  if( iPage==0 ) return 0;
  if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zParentContext) ) return 0;
  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iPage, &pPage, 0))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
       "unable to get the page. error code=%d", rc);
    return 0;
  }
  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pParent))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
                   "sqlite3BtreeInitPage() returns error code %d", rc);
    releasePage(pPage);
    return 0;
  }

  /* Check out all the cells.
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( !pCsr->pBt->readOnly 
          && pCsr->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( checkReadLocks(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot, pCsr, 0) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  if( pCsr->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || !pCsr->pPage->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return accessPayload(pCsr, offset, amt, (unsigned char *)z, 0, 1);
}

/* 







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5
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12
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15
16
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18
19
...
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
...
908
909
910
911
912
913
914




915
916
917
918
919
920
921

922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939








940











941
942
943
944
945
946
947
...
949
950
951
952
953
954
955




956
957
958
959
960
961
962
...
973
974
975
976
977
978
979

980
981
982
983
984
985
986
...
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
....
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
....
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100

1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106

1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
....
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131






1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
....
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
























1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
....
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
....
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
....
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
....
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
....
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
....
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
....
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889

2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901

2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
....
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
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2943
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2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
....
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
3176
3177
....
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307

3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
....
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
....
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
....
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435

3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458




















3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467




3468
3469

3470






3471
3472
3473

3474
3475
3476


3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
....
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498










3499



3500
3501
3502
3503

3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531

3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
....
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
....
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
....
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
....
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
....
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
....
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
....
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
3802
3803
....
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876

3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892

3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
....
3930
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935
3936

3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
....
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956
3957

3958

3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
3972

3973

3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
....
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248

4249
4250


4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
....
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268


4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
....
4532
4533
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538

4539




















4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
4546
....
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
....
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
4824
....
4830
4831
4832
4833
4834
4835
4836
4837
4838
4839
4840
4841
4842
4843
4844
4845
4846
4847
....
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895

4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
....
4931
4932
4933
4934
4935
4936
4937
4938
4939
4940
4941
4942
4943
4944
4945
4946
....
4967
4968
4969
4970
4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978
4979
4980
4981
4982
4983

4984
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
....
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
5013
5014
5015
5016
5017
5018
5019
5020
....
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
....
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
....
5538
5539
5540
5541
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
....
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....
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....
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....
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7393
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.518 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** See the header comment on "btreeInt.h" for additional information.
** Including a description of file format and an overview of operation.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"

................................................................................

  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==pCur->apPage[0]->intKey){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc(pCur->nKey);
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
      pCur->apPage[i] = 0;
    }
    pCur->iPage = -1;
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**




** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If we see that the page does
** not contain a well-formed database page, then return 
** SQLITE_CORRUPT.  Note that a return of SQLITE_OK does not
** guarantee that the page is well-formed.  It only shows that
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeInitPage(MemPage *pPage){


  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    int pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    int hdr;           /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;




















    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
    pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    pPage->idxShift = 0;
................................................................................
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }




  
    /* Compute the total free space on the page */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top - (cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell);
    while( pc>0 ){
      int next, size;
      if( pc>usableSize-4 ){
................................................................................
      pc = next;
    }
    pPage->nFree = nFree;
    if( nFree>=usableSize ){
      /* Free space cannot exceed total page size */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }


#if 0
  /* Check that all the offsets in the cell offset array are within range. 
  ** 
  ** Omitting this consistency check and using the pPage->maskPage mask
  ** to prevent overrunning the page buffer in findCell() results in a
  ** 2.5% performance gain.
................................................................................
    for(pOff=&data[cellOffset]; pOff!=pEnd && !((*pOff)&mask); pOff+=2);
    if( pOff!=pEnd ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }
#endif

    pPage->isInit = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
** no entries.
*/
................................................................................
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
  pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}


/*
** Convert a DbPage obtained from the pager into a MemPage used by
** the btree layer.
*/
................................................................................
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine
** is just a convenience wrapper around separate calls to
** sqlite3BtreeGetPage() and sqlite3BtreeInitPage().
*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,          /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage     /* Write the page pointer here */

){
  int rc;
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
  }

  /* It is often the case that the page we want is already in cache.
  ** If so, get it directly.  This saves us from having to call
  ** pagerPagecount() to make sure pgno is within limits, which results
................................................................................
    if( pgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pPage = *ppPage;
  }
  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);






  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    *ppPage = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

























/*
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(DbPage *pData){
  MemPage *pPage;
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  if( pPage->isInit ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    pPage->isInit = 0;
    if( sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(pData)>0 ){
      sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the busy handler for a btree.
*/
static int sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler(void *pArg, int n){
................................................................................
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    pBt->busyHdr.xFunc = sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler;
    pBt->busyHdr.pArg = pBt;
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename,
                          EXTRA_SIZE, flags, vfsFlags);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
................................................................................
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
  }
  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
................................................................................
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{
    int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
    int i;
    int nCell;

    sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
................................................................................
** 3:  The database must be writable (not on read-only media)
**
** 4:  There must be an active transaction.
**
** No checking is done to make sure that page iTable really is the
** root page of a b-tree.  If it is not, then the cursor acquired
** will not work correctly.
**
** It is assumed that the sqlite3BtreeCursorSize() bytes of memory 
** pointed to by pCur have been zeroed by the caller.
*/
static int btreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
................................................................................
    }
  }
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  if( iTable==1 && pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_EMPTY;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0]);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables, link the cursor into the BtShared list and set *ppCur (the
  ** output argument to this function).
................................................................................
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

  return SQLITE_OK;

create_cursor_exception:
  releasePage(pCur->apPage[0]);
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
................................................................................
/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
    int i;
    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pBt->db = pBtree->db;
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( pCur->pPrev ){
      pCur->pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
    }else{
      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;
    }
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make a temporary cursor by filling in the fields of pTempCur.
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  int i;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(BtCursor));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;

  for(i=0; i<=pTempCur->iPage; i++){
    sqlite3PagerRef(pTempCur->apPage[i]->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  int i;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pCur->apPage[i]->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** sqlite3BtreeParseCell() to fill it in.
................................................................................
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing agressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info); \
    pCur->validNKey = 1;                                                       \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
................................................................................
  int skipKey,         /* offset begins at data if this is true */
  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt;                              /* Btree this cursor belongs to */

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : pCur->info.nKey);

................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    if( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );

    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 1, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
................................................................................
  int skipKey          /* read beginning at data if this is true */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  MemPage *pPage;
  u32 nKey;
  int nLocal;

  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell;
  aPayload += pCur->info.nHeader;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }else{
    nKey = pCur->info.nKey;
................................................................................

/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;
  int i = pCur->iPage;
  MemPage *pNewPage;

  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCur->apPage[i]->idxShift = 0;
  pCur->apPage[i+1] = pNewPage;
  pCur->aiIdx[i+1] = 0;
  pCur->iPage++;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}





















/*
** Move the cursor up to the parent page.
**
** pCur->idx is set to the cell index that contains the pointer
** to the page we are coming from.  If we are coming from the
** right-most child page then pCur->idx is set to one more than
** the largest cell index.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(BtCursor *pCur){




  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );

  assert( pCur->iPage>0 );






  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );

  releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);

  pCur->iPage--;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;


  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->idxShift==0 );
}

/*
** Move the cursor to the root page
*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
................................................................................
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
      return pCur->skip;
    }
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);
  }














  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);

    }
  }else{
    if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0]))
    ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
  }

  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );
  pCur->iPage = 0;
  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell==0 && !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    assert( pRoot->pgno==1 );
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( subpage>0 );
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);
  }else{
    pCur->eState = ((pRoot->nCell>0)?CURSOR_VALID:CURSOR_INVALID);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
**
................................................................................
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage])->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
    pgno = get4byte(findCell(pPage, pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]));
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the right-most leaf entry beneath the
................................................................................
static int moveToRightmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage])->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell-1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell>0 );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
      getCellInfo(pCur);
      pCur->atLast = rc==SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && pCur->validNKey 
   && pCur->apPage[0]->intKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;
    assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || pIdxKey );
  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    int c = -1;  /* pRes return if table is empty must be -1 */
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    if( !pPage->intKey && pIdxKey==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    if( biasRight ){
      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = upr;
    }else{
      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (upr+lwr)/2;
    }
    if( lwr<=upr ) for(;;){
      void *pCellKey;
      i64 nCellKey;
      int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
      pCur->info.nSize = 0;
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
      if( pPage->intKey ){
        u8 *pCell;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          u32 dummy;
          pCell += getVarint32(pCell, dummy);
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey==intKey ){
          c = 0;
................................................................................
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
          if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c<0 ){
        lwr = idx+1;
      }else{
        upr = idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        break;
      }
      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (lwr+upr)/2;
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
      if( pRes ) *pRes = c;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = lwr;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
  }
moveto_finish:
  return rc;
................................................................................
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pRes!=0 );

  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skip>0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( idx<=pPage->nCell );


  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        *pRes = 1;
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    }while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pPage->nCell );
    *pRes = 0;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    return rc;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
  if( pCur->skip<0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );

  if( !pPage->leaf ){

    int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(findCell(pPage, idx)));
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]==0 ){
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);

    }

    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

end_allocate_page:
  releasePage(pTrunk);
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3PagerPageRefcount((*ppPage)->pDbPage)>1 ){

    releasePage(*ppPage);
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;


  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;



  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

................................................................................
static int reparentPage(
  BtShared *pBt,                /* B-Tree structure */
  Pgno pgno,                    /* Page number of child being adopted */
  MemPage *pNewParent,          /* New parent of pgno */
  int idx,                      /* Index of child page pgno in pNewParent */
  int updatePtrmap              /* If true, update pointer-map for pgno */
){

  DbPage *pDbPage;




















  if( ISAUTOVACUUM && updatePtrmap ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }

#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* If the updatePtrmap flag was clear, assert that the entry in the
  ** pointer-map is already correct.
................................................................................
** in exchange for a larger degradation in INSERT and UPDATE performance.
** The value of NN appears to give the best results overall.
*/
#define NN 1             /* Number of neighbors on either side of pPage */
#define NB (NN*2+1)      /* Total pages involved in the balance */

/* Forward reference */
static int balance(BtCursor*, int);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
/*
** This version of balance() handles the common special case where
** a new entry is being inserted on the extreme right-end of the
** tree, in other words, when the new entry will become the largest
** entry in the tree.
................................................................................
** at the end soon afterwards so the nearly empty page will quickly
** fill up.  On average.
**
** pPage is the leaf page which is the right-most page in the tree.
** pParent is its parent.  pPage must have a single overflow entry
** which is also the right-most entry on the page.
*/
static int balance_quick(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pNew = 0;
  Pgno pgnoNew;
  u8 *pCell;
  u16 szCell;
  CellInfo info;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  MemPage *pParent = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1];
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int parentIdx = pParent->nCell;   /* pParent new divider cell index */
  int parentSize;                   /* Size of new divider cell */
  u8 parentCell[64];                /* Space for the new divider cell */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

................................................................................
    pCell = pPage->aOvfl[0].pCell;
    szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    zeroPage(pNew, pPage->aData[0]);
    assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  
    /* Set the parent of the newly allocated page to pParent. */
#if 0
    pNew->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
#endif
  
    /* pPage is currently the right-child of pParent. Change this
    ** so that the right-child is the new page allocated above and
    ** pPage is the next-to-right child. 
    **
    ** Ignore the return value of the call to fillInCell(). fillInCell()
    ** may only return other than SQLITE_OK if it is required to allocate
................................................................................
  ** not important, as they will be recalculated when the page is rolled
  ** back. But here, in balance_quick(), it is possible that pPage has 
  ** not yet been marked dirty or written into the journal file. Therefore
  ** it will not be rolled back and so it is important to make sure that
  ** the page data and contents of MemPage are consistent.
  */
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);


  /* If everything else succeeded, balance the parent page, in 
  ** case the divider cell inserted caused it to become overfull.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    pCur->iPage--;
    rc = balance(pCur, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE */

/*
** This routine redistributes Cells on pPage and up to NN*2 siblings
................................................................................
** might become overfull or underfull.  If that happens, then this routine
** is called recursively on the parent.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason, it might leave the database
** in a corrupted state.  So if this routine fails, the database should
** be rolled back.
*/
static int balance_nonroot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pPage;              /* The over or underfull page to balance */
  MemPage *pParent;            /* The parent of pPage */
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */
  int nCell = 0;               /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int nNew;                    /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nDiv;                    /* Number of cells in apDiv[] */
................................................................................
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aCopy[NB];         /* Space for holding data of apCopy[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;           /* Space for copies of dividers cells before balance */
  u8 *aSpace2 = 0;       /* Space for overflow dividers cells after balance */
  u8 *aFrom = 0;

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */
  assert( pCur->iPage>0 );
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) || pPage->nOverflow==1 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;

  pParent = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1];
  assert( pParent );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));

................................................................................
  ** balancing.  balance_quick() is much faster and results in a tighter
  ** packing of data in the common case.
  */
  if( pPage->leaf &&
      pPage->intKey &&
      pPage->nOverflow==1 &&
      pPage->aOvfl[0].idx==pPage->nCell &&
      pParent->pgno!=1 &&
      get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pPage->pgno
  ){
    assert( pPage->intKey );
    /*
    ** TODO: Check the siblings to the left of pPage. It may be that
    ** they are not full and no new page is required.
    */
    return balance_quick(pCur);
  }
#endif

  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

................................................................................
      if( get4byte(findCell(pParent, idx))==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pgno );
  }else{
    idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1];
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  /* sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage); */

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
      assert( !pParent->leaf );
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
    }else if( k==pParent->nCell ){
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      break;
    }
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgnoOld[i], &apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    /* apOld[i]->idxParent = k; */
    apCopy[i] = 0;
    assert( i==nOld );
    nOld++;
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
  }

  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
................................................................................
#endif

  /*
  ** Balance the parent page.  Note that the current page (pPage) might
  ** have been added to the freelist so it might no longer be initialized.
  ** But the parent page will always be initialized.
  */
  assert( pParent->isInit );
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  apCell = 0;
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->iPage--;
  rc = balance(pCur, 0);
  
  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3PageFree(aSpace2);
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

  /* releasePage(pParent); */
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished with %d: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          pPage->pgno, nOld, nNew, nCell));

  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called for the root page of a btree when the root
** page contains no cells.  This is an opportunity to make the tree
** shallower by one level.
*/
static int balance_shallower(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pPage;              /* Root page of B-Tree */
  MemPage *pChild;             /* The only child page of pPage */
  Pgno pgnoChild;              /* Page number for pChild */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code from subprocedures */
  BtShared *pBt;                  /* The main BTree structure */
  int mxCellPerPage;           /* Maximum number of cells per page */
  u8 **apCell;                 /* All cells from pages being balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells */

  assert( pCur->iPage==0 );
  pPage = pCur->apPage[0];

  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  mxCellPerPage = MX_CELL(pBt);
  apCell = sqlite3Malloc( mxCellPerPage*(sizeof(u8*)+sizeof(u16)) );
  if( apCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[mxCellPerPage];
................................................................................
    */
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( pgnoChild>0 );
    assert( pgnoChild<=pagerPagecount(pPage->pBt->pPager) );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pPage->pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild, 0);
    if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
    if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild);
      if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
      assert( pChild->nOverflow==0 );
      if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
        /* The child information will fit on the root page, so do the
        ** copy */
        int i;
        zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0]);
................................................................................
        /* The child has more information that will fit on the root.
        ** The tree is already balanced.  Do nothing. */
        TRACE(("BALANCE: child %d will not fit on page 1\n", pChild->pgno));
      }
    }else{
      memcpy(pPage->aData, pChild->aData, pPage->pBt->usableSize);
      pPage->isInit = 0;

      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
      freePage(pChild);
      TRACE(("BALANCE: transfer child %d into root %d\n",
              pChild->pgno, pPage->pgno));
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pPage, 1);
    assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
................................................................................
**
** When this happens, Create a new child page and copy the
** contents of the root into the child.  Then make the root
** page an empty page with rightChild pointing to the new
** child.   Finally, call balance_internal() on the new child
** to cause it to split.
*/
static int balance_deeper(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;             /* Return value from subprocedures */
  MemPage *pPage;     /* Pointer to the root page */
  MemPage *pChild;    /* Pointer to a new child page */
  Pgno pgnoChild;     /* Page number of the new child page */
  BtShared *pBt;         /* The BTree */
  int usableSize;     /* Total usable size of a page */
  u8 *data;           /* Content of the parent page */
  u8 *cdata;          /* Content of the child page */
  int hdr;            /* Offset to page header in parent */
  int cbrk;           /* Offset to content of first cell in parent */

  assert( pCur->iPage==0 );
  assert( pCur->apPage[0]->nOverflow>0 );

  pPage = pCur->apPage[0];
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pChild->pDbPage) );
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cbrk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  cdata = pChild->aData;
  memcpy(cdata, &data[hdr], pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell-hdr);
  memcpy(&cdata[cbrk], &data[cbrk], usableSize-cbrk);

  
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int nCopy = pPage->nOverflow*sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]);
    memcpy(pChild->aOvfl, pPage->aOvfl, nCopy);
    pChild->nOverflow = pPage->nOverflow;
    if( pChild->nOverflow ){
      pChild->nFree = 0;
    }
    assert( pChild->nCell==pPage->nCell );
    zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0] & ~PTF_LEAF);
    put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], pgnoChild);
    TRACE(("BALANCE: copy root %d into %d\n", pPage->pgno, pChild->pgno));
    if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
      int i;
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pChild->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pPage->pgno);

      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pChild->nCell; i++){
        rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pChild, i);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        rc = reparentChildPages(pChild, 1);
      }
    }

  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->iPage++;
    pCur->apPage[1] = pChild;
    rc = balance_nonroot(pCur);
  }else{
    releasePage(pChild);
  }



  return rc;
}

/*
** The page that pCur currently points to has just been modified in
** some way. This function figures out if this modification means the
** tree needs to be balanced, and if so calls the appropriate balancing 
** routine.
** 
** Parameter isInsert is true if a new cell was just inserted into the
** page, or false otherwise.
*/
static int balance(BtCursor *pCur, int isInsert){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow>0 ){
      rc = balance_deeper(pCur);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nCell==0 ){
      rc = balance_shallower(pCur);
    }
  }else{
    if( pPage->nOverflow>0 || 
        (!isInsert && pPage->nFree>pPage->pBt->usableSize*2/3) ){
      rc = balance_nonroot(pCur);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine checks all cursors that point to table pgnoRoot.
................................................................................
  const void *pData, int nData,  /* The data of the new record */
  int nZero,                     /* Number of extra 0 bytes to append to data */
  int appendBias                 /* True if this is likely an append */
){
  int rc;
  int loc;
  int szNew;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  unsigned char *oldCell;
  unsigned char *newCell = 0;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
................................................................................
  if( 
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur)) ||
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );
  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  allocateTempSpace(pBt);
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew<=MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 && CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSizePtr(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
    dropCell(pPage, idx, szOld);
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  rc = insertCell(pPage, idx, newCell, szNew, 0, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_insert;
  rc = balance(pCur, 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){







    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }
end_insert:
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the entry that the cursor is pointing to.  The cursor
** is left pointing at a random location.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  int idx;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int rc;
  Pgno pgnoChild = 0;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing a delete */
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
    return rc;
  }
  assert( !pBt->readOnly );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skip;
  }
  if( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* The cursor is not pointing to anything */
  }
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Did not open this cursor for writing */
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur, pCur->info.nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* Locate the cell within its page and leave pCell pointing to the
  ** data. The clearCell() call frees any overflow pages associated with the
  ** cell. The cell itself is still intact.
  */
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  pCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgnoChild = get4byte(pCell);
  }
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
    ** The entry we are about to delete is not a leaf so if we do not
    ** do something we will leave a hole on an internal page.
    ** We have to fill the hole by moving in a cell from a leaf.  The
    ** next Cell after the one to be deleted is guaranteed to exist and
    ** to be a leaf so we can use it.
    */
    BtCursor leafCur;
    MemPage *pLeafPage;
    int iLeafIdx;

    unsigned char *pNext;
    int notUsed;
    unsigned char *tempCell = 0;
    assert( !pPage->intKey );
    sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pLeafPage = leafCur.apPage[leafCur.iPage];
      iLeafIdx = leafCur.aiIdx[leafCur.iPage];
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeafPage->pDbPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u16 szNext;
      TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete internal from %d replace from leaf %d\n",
         pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno, pLeafPage->pgno));
      dropCell(pPage, idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
      pNext = findCell(pLeafPage, iLeafIdx);
      szNext = cellSizePtr(pLeafPage, pNext);
      assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt)>=szNext+4 );
      allocateTempSpace(pBt);
      tempCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
      if( tempCell==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = insertCell(pPage, idx, pNext-4, szNext+4, tempCell, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(findOverflowCell(pPage, idx), pgnoChild);
        rc = balance(pCur, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        dropCell(pLeafPage, iLeafIdx, szNext);
        rc = balance(&leafCur, 0);
      }
    }
    sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(&leafCur);
  }else{
    TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete from leaf %d\n",
       pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno));
    dropCell(pPage, idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
    rc = balance(pCur, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){







    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new BTree table.  Write into *piTable the page
................................................................................
  int i;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), pPage, 1);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeFlags(BtCursor *pCur){
  /* TODO: What about CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state? Probably need to call
  ** restoreCursorPosition() here.
  */
  MemPage *pPage;
  restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->pBt==pCur->pBt );
  return pPage ? pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset] : 0;
}


/*
................................................................................
  if( iPage==0 ) return 0;
  if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zParentContext) ) return 0;
  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iPage, &pPage, 0))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
       "unable to get the page. error code=%d", rc);
    return 0;
  }
  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
                   "sqlite3BtreeInitPage() returns error code %d", rc);
    releasePage(pPage);
    return 0;
  }

  /* Check out all the cells.
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( !pCsr->pBt->readOnly 
          && pCsr->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( checkReadLocks(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot, pCsr, 0) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  if( pCsr->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || !pCsr->apPage[pCsr->iPage]->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return accessPayload(pCsr, offset, amt, (unsigned char *)z, 0, 1);
}

/* 

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btreeInt.h,v 1.31 2008/09/18 17:34:44 danielk1977 Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  u8 leaf;             /* True if leaf flag is set */
  u8 hasData;          /* True if this page stores data */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 idxParent;       /* Index in parent of this node */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  u16 maskPage;        /* Mask for page offset */
  struct _OvflCell {   /* Cells that will not fit on aData[] */
    u8 *pCell;          /* Pointers to the body of the overflow cell */
    u16 idx;            /* Insert this cell before idx-th non-overflow cell */
  } aOvfl[5];
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
  MemPage *pParent;    /* The parent of this page.  NULL for root */
};

/*
** Possible values for the MemPage.isInit variable. When a page is first
** loaded or if the data stored in the MemPage struct is invalidated, 
** MemPage.isInit is set to PAGE_ISINIT_NONE. If the MemPage structure
** is fully initialized, then MemPage.isInit is set to PAGE_ISINIT_FULL.
** MemPage.isInit is set to PAGE_ISINIT_DATA when the MemPage struct is
** populated, but the MemPage.pParent variable is not necessarily correct.
*/
#define PAGE_ISINIT_NONE 0
#define PAGE_ISINIT_DATA 1
#define PAGE_ISINIT_FULL 2

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
*/
#define EXTRA_SIZE sizeof(MemPage)

................................................................................
  u32 nPayload;  /* Total amount of payload */
  u16 nHeader;   /* Size of the cell content header in bytes */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
};












/*
** A cursor is a pointer to a particular entry within a particular
** b-tree within a database file.
**
** The entry is identified by its MemPage and the index in
** MemPage.aCell[] of the entry.
**
................................................................................
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  MemPage *pPage;           /* Page that contains the entry */
  int idx;                  /* Index of the entry in pPage->aCell[] */
  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  u8 wrFlag;                /* True if writable */
  u8 atLast;                /* Cursor pointing to the last entry */
  u8 validNKey;             /* True if info.nKey is valid */
  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */
  void *pKey;      /* Saved key that was cursor's last known position */
  i64 nKey;        /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  int skip;        /* (skip<0) -> Prev() is a no-op. (skip>0) -> Next() is */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  u8 isIncrblobHandle;      /* True if this cursor is an incr. io handle */
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
#endif




};

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_VALID:
**   Cursor points to a valid entry. getPayload() etc. may be called.
................................................................................
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte

/*
** Internal routines that should be accessed by the btree layer only.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetPage(BtShared*, Pgno, MemPage**, int);
int sqlite3BtreeInitPage(MemPage *pPage, MemPage *pParent);
void sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(MemPage*, u8*, CellInfo*);
void sqlite3BtreeParseCell(MemPage*, int, CellInfo*);
int sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur);
void sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur);
void sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur);
int sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(MemPage *pPage);
void sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(BtCursor *pCur);







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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btreeInt.h,v 1.32 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  u8 leaf;             /* True if leaf flag is set */
  u8 hasData;          /* True if this page stores data */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */

  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  u16 maskPage;        /* Mask for page offset */
  struct _OvflCell {   /* Cells that will not fit on aData[] */
    u8 *pCell;          /* Pointers to the body of the overflow cell */
    u16 idx;            /* Insert this cell before idx-th non-overflow cell */
  } aOvfl[5];
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */

};













/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
*/
#define EXTRA_SIZE sizeof(MemPage)

................................................................................
  u32 nPayload;  /* Total amount of payload */
  u16 nHeader;   /* Size of the cell content header in bytes */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
};

/*
** Maximum depth of an SQLite B-Tree structure. Any B-Tree deeper than
** this will be declared corrupt. This value is calculated based on a
** maximum database size of 2^31 pages a minimum fanout of 2 for a
** root-node and 3 for all other internal nodes.
**
** If a tree that appears to be taller than this is encountered, it is
** assumed that the database is corrupt.
*/
#define BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH 20

/*
** A cursor is a pointer to a particular entry within a particular
** b-tree within a database file.
**
** The entry is identified by its MemPage and the index in
** MemPage.aCell[] of the entry.
**
................................................................................
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */


  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  u8 wrFlag;                /* True if writable */
  u8 atLast;                /* Cursor pointing to the last entry */
  u8 validNKey;             /* True if info.nKey is valid */
  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */
  void *pKey;      /* Saved key that was cursor's last known position */
  i64 nKey;        /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  int skip;        /* (skip<0) -> Prev() is a no-op. (skip>0) -> Next() is */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  u8 isIncrblobHandle;      /* True if this cursor is an incr. io handle */
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
#endif

  i16 iPage;                            /* Index of current page in apPage */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
};

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_VALID:
**   Cursor points to a valid entry. getPayload() etc. may be called.
................................................................................
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte

/*
** Internal routines that should be accessed by the btree layer only.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetPage(BtShared*, Pgno, MemPage**, int);
int sqlite3BtreeInitPage(MemPage *pPage);
void sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(MemPage*, u8*, CellInfo*);
void sqlite3BtreeParseCell(MemPage*, int, CellInfo*);
int sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur);
void sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur);
void sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur);

void sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(BtCursor *pCur);

Changes to src/pager.c.

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1735
1736
1737
1738
....
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
....
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876







3877
3878
3879
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3881
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....
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
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4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
** The pager is used to access a database disk file.  It implements
** atomic commit and rollback through the use of a journal file that
** is separate from the database file.  The pager also implements file
** locking to prevent two processes from writing the same database
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.c,v 1.495 2008/09/26 21:08:08 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Macros for troubleshooting.  Normally turned off
*/
................................................................................
** It is never written to disk.  This can be used to implement an
** in-memory database.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,       /* The virtual file system to use */
  Pager **ppPager,         /* Return the Pager structure here */
  const char *zFilename,   /* Name of the database file to open */
  void (*xDesc)(DbPage*),  /* Page destructor function */
  int nExtra,              /* Extra bytes append to each in-memory page */
  int flags,               /* flags controlling this file */
  int vfsFlags             /* flags passed through to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
){
  u8 *pPtr;
  Pager *pPager = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  */
  if( !pPager || !pPager->pTmpSpace ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->fd);
    sqlite3_free(pPager);
    return ((rc==SQLITE_OK)?SQLITE_NOMEM:rc);
  }
  nExtra = FORCE_ALIGNMENT(nExtra);
  sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb, xDesc, 
                    !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);

  PAGERTRACE3("OPEN %d %s\n", FILEHANDLEID(pPager->fd), pPager->zFilename);
  IOTRACE(("OPEN %p %s\n", pPager, pPager->zFilename))

  /* Fill in Pager.zDirectory[] */
  memcpy(pPager->zDirectory, pPager->zFilename, nPathname+1);
................................................................................

/*
** Return the number of references to the pager.
*/
int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
}








#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
................................................................................
}
#endif

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  return pPg->pData;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the Pager.nExtra bytes of "extra" space 
** allocated along with the specified page.
*/







|







 







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>
>
>
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>







 







|







14
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23
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26
27
28
....
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1728
1729
1730

1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
....
1865
1866
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1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
....
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
....
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
** The pager is used to access a database disk file.  It implements
** atomic commit and rollback through the use of a journal file that
** is separate from the database file.  The pager also implements file
** locking to prevent two processes from writing the same database
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.c,v 1.496 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Macros for troubleshooting.  Normally turned off
*/
................................................................................
** It is never written to disk.  This can be used to implement an
** in-memory database.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,       /* The virtual file system to use */
  Pager **ppPager,         /* Return the Pager structure here */
  const char *zFilename,   /* Name of the database file to open */

  int nExtra,              /* Extra bytes append to each in-memory page */
  int flags,               /* flags controlling this file */
  int vfsFlags             /* flags passed through to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
){
  u8 *pPtr;
  Pager *pPager = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  */
  if( !pPager || !pPager->pTmpSpace ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->fd);
    sqlite3_free(pPager);
    return ((rc==SQLITE_OK)?SQLITE_NOMEM:rc);
  }
  nExtra = FORCE_ALIGNMENT(nExtra);
  sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb,
                    !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);

  PAGERTRACE3("OPEN %d %s\n", FILEHANDLEID(pPager->fd), pPager->zFilename);
  IOTRACE(("OPEN %p %s\n", pPager, pPager->zFilename))

  /* Fill in Pager.zDirectory[] */
  memcpy(pPager->zDirectory, pPager->zFilename, nPathname+1);
................................................................................

/*
** Return the number of references to the pager.
*/
int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the specified page.
*/
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage *pPage){
  return sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(pPage);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
................................................................................
}
#endif

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 || pPg->pPager->memDb );
  return pPg->pData;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the Pager.nExtra bytes of "extra" space 
** allocated along with the specified page.
*/

Changes to src/pager.h.

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
..
67
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82
83
84

85
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89
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91
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.  The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.h,v 1.84 2008/09/26 21:08:08 drh Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
................................................................................
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */

/*
** See source code comments for a detailed description of the following
** routines:
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, Pager **ppPager, const char*, void(*)(DbPage*), int,int,int);
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler);
void sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(Pager*, void(*)(DbPage*));
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u16*);
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag);
#define sqlite3PagerGet(A,B,C) sqlite3PagerAcquire(A,B,C,0)
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);

int sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
int sqlite3PagerTruncate(Pager*,Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerBegin(DbPage*, int exFlag);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, Pgno, int);







|







 







|










>







9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
..
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.  The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.h,v 1.85 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
................................................................................
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */

/*
** See source code comments for a detailed description of the following
** routines:
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, Pager **ppPager, const char*, int,int,int);
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler);
void sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(Pager*, void(*)(DbPage*));
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u16*);
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag);
#define sqlite3PagerGet(A,B,C) sqlite3PagerAcquire(A,B,C,0)
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
int sqlite3PagerTruncate(Pager*,Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerBegin(DbPage*, int exFlag);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, Pgno, int);

Changes to src/pcache.c.

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
..
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
...
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
...
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
....
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164




1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file implements that page cache.
**
** @(#) $Id: pcache.c,v 1.32 2008/09/24 09:12:47 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** A complete page cache is an instance of this structure.
**
** A cache may only be deleted by its owner and while holding the
................................................................................
  ** the cache owner or by any thread holding the the mutex.  Non-owner
  ** threads must hold the mutex when reading these elements to prevent
  ** the entire PCache object from being deleted during the read.
  */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  int bPurgeable;                     /* True if pages are on backing store */
  void (*xDestroy)(PgHdr*);           /* Called when refcnt goes 1->0 */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  /**********************************************************************
  ** The final group of elements can only be accessed while holding the
  ** mutex.  Both the cache owner and any other thread must hold the mutex
  ** to read or write any of these elements.
  */
................................................................................
** Create a new PCache object.  Storage space to hold the object
** has already been allocated and is passed in as the p pointer.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheOpen(
  int szPage,                  /* Size of every page */
  int szExtra,                 /* Extra space associated with each page */
  int bPurgeable,              /* True if pages are on backing store */
  void (*xDestroy)(PgHdr*),    /* Called to destroy a page */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*),/* Call to try to make pages clean */
  void *pStress,               /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *p                    /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
){
  assert( pcache_g.isInit );
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(PCache));
  p->szPage = szPage;
  p->szExtra = szExtra;
  p->bPurgeable = bPurgeable;
  p->xDestroy = xDestroy;
  p->xStress = xStress;
  p->pStress = pStress;
  p->nMax = 100;
  p->nMin = 10;

  pcacheEnterMutex();
  if( bPurgeable ){
................................................................................
** move the page to the LRU list if it is clean.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    PCache *pCache = p->pCache;
    if( p->pCache->xDestroy ){
      p->pCache->xDestroy(p);
    }
    pCache->nRef--;
    if( (p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY)==0 ){
      pCache->nPinned--;
      pcacheEnterMutex();
      if( pcache_g.nCurrentPage>pcache_g.nMaxPage ){
        pcacheRemoveFromList(&pCache->pClean, p);
        pcacheRemoveFromHash(p);
................................................................................

/* 
** Return the total number of outstanding page references.
*/
int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache *pCache){
  return pCache->nRef;
}





/* 
** Return the total number of pages in the cache.
*/
int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache *pCache){
  assert( pCache->nPage>=0 );
  return pCache->nPage;







|







 







<







 







<









<







 







<
<
<







 







>
>
>
>







7
8
9
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11
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13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
..
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
...
638
639
640
641
642
643
644

645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653

654
655
656
657
658
659
660
...
745
746
747
748
749
750
751



752
753
754
755
756
757
758
....
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file implements that page cache.
**
** @(#) $Id: pcache.c,v 1.33 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** A complete page cache is an instance of this structure.
**
** A cache may only be deleted by its owner and while holding the
................................................................................
  ** the cache owner or by any thread holding the the mutex.  Non-owner
  ** threads must hold the mutex when reading these elements to prevent
  ** the entire PCache object from being deleted during the read.
  */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  int bPurgeable;                     /* True if pages are on backing store */

  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  /**********************************************************************
  ** The final group of elements can only be accessed while holding the
  ** mutex.  Both the cache owner and any other thread must hold the mutex
  ** to read or write any of these elements.
  */
................................................................................
** Create a new PCache object.  Storage space to hold the object
** has already been allocated and is passed in as the p pointer.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheOpen(
  int szPage,                  /* Size of every page */
  int szExtra,                 /* Extra space associated with each page */
  int bPurgeable,              /* True if pages are on backing store */

  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*),/* Call to try to make pages clean */
  void *pStress,               /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *p                    /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
){
  assert( pcache_g.isInit );
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(PCache));
  p->szPage = szPage;
  p->szExtra = szExtra;
  p->bPurgeable = bPurgeable;

  p->xStress = xStress;
  p->pStress = pStress;
  p->nMax = 100;
  p->nMin = 10;

  pcacheEnterMutex();
  if( bPurgeable ){
................................................................................
** move the page to the LRU list if it is clean.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    PCache *pCache = p->pCache;



    pCache->nRef--;
    if( (p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY)==0 ){
      pCache->nPinned--;
      pcacheEnterMutex();
      if( pcache_g.nCurrentPage>pcache_g.nMaxPage ){
        pcacheRemoveFromList(&pCache->pClean, p);
        pcacheRemoveFromHash(p);
................................................................................

/* 
** Return the total number of outstanding page references.
*/
int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache *pCache){
  return pCache->nRef;
}

int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr *p){
  return p->nRef;
}

/* 
** Return the total number of pages in the cache.
*/
int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache *pCache){
  assert( pCache->nPage>=0 );
  return pCache->nPage;

Changes to src/pcache.h.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
...
138
139
140
141
142
143
144


145
146
147
148
149
150
151
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem. 
**
** @(#) $Id: pcache.h,v 1.11 2008/09/18 17:34:44 danielk1977 Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PCACHE_H_

typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
typedef struct PCache PCache;

................................................................................
** Under memory stress, invoke xStress to try to make pages clean.
** Only clean and unpinned pages can be reclaimed.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheOpen(
  int szPage,                    /* Size of every page */
  int szExtra,                   /* Extra space associated with each page */
  int bPurgeable,                /* True if pages are on backing store */
  void (*xDestroy)(PgHdr *),     /* Called to destroy a page */
  int (*xStress)(void*, PgHdr*), /* Call to try to make pages clean */
  void *pStress,                 /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *pToInit                /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
);

/* Modify the page-size after the cache has been created. */
void sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *, int);
................................................................................
int sqlite3PcacheClear(PCache*);

/* Return the total number of outstanding page references */
int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache*);

/* Increment the reference count of an existing page */
void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr*);



/* Return the total number of pages stored in the cache */
int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache*);

/* Iterate through all pages currently stored in the cache. This interface
** is only available if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES is defined when the library is 
** built.







|







 







<







 







>
>







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
75
76
77
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79
80
81

82
83
84
85
86
87
88
...
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem. 
**
** @(#) $Id: pcache.h,v 1.12 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PCACHE_H_

typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
typedef struct PCache PCache;

................................................................................
** Under memory stress, invoke xStress to try to make pages clean.
** Only clean and unpinned pages can be reclaimed.
*/
void sqlite3PcacheOpen(
  int szPage,                    /* Size of every page */
  int szExtra,                   /* Extra space associated with each page */
  int bPurgeable,                /* True if pages are on backing store */

  int (*xStress)(void*, PgHdr*), /* Call to try to make pages clean */
  void *pStress,                 /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *pToInit                /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
);

/* Modify the page-size after the cache has been created. */
void sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *, int);
................................................................................
int sqlite3PcacheClear(PCache*);

/* Return the total number of outstanding page references */
int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache*);

/* Increment the reference count of an existing page */
void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr*);

int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr*);

/* Return the total number of pages stored in the cache */
int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache*);

/* Iterate through all pages currently stored in the cache. This interface
** is only available if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES is defined when the library is 
** built.

Changes to src/test2.c.

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
..
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the pager.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test2.c,v 1.61 2008/08/26 18:05:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &nPage) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(sqlite3_vfs_find(0), &pPager, argv[1], 0, 0, 0,
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pPager, nPage);
  pageSize = test_pagesize;







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the pager.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test2.c,v 1.62 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &nPage) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(sqlite3_vfs_find(0), &pPager, argv[1], 0, 0,
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pPager, nPage);
  pageSize = test_pagesize;

Changes to src/test_btree.c.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test_btree.c,v 1.7 2008/09/02 00:52:52 drh Exp $
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"
#include <tcl.h>

/*
** Usage: sqlite3_shared_cache_report
**
................................................................................
** Print debugging information about all cursors to standard output.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  BtCursor *pCur;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    char *zMode = pCur->wrFlag ? "rw" : "ro";
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("CURSOR %p rooted at %4d(%s) currently at %d.%d%s\n",
       pCur, pCur->pgnoRoot, zMode,
       pPage ? pPage->pgno : 0, pCur->idx,
       (pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ? "" : " eof"
    );
  }
#endif
}


................................................................................
**   aResult[8] =  Local payload size
**   aResult[9] =  Parent page number
**   aResult[10]=  Page number of the first overflow page
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging only.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor *pCur, int *aResult, int upCnt){

  int cnt, idx;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
  BtCursor tmpCur;
  int rc;

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
................................................................................
  }
  if( tmpCur.info.iOverflow ){
    aResult[10] = get4byte(&tmpCur.info.pCell[tmpCur.info.iOverflow]);
  }else{
    aResult[10] = 0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(&tmpCur);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}







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>

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>


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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test_btree.c,v 1.8 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"
#include <tcl.h>

/*
** Usage: sqlite3_shared_cache_report
**
................................................................................
** Print debugging information about all cursors to standard output.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  BtCursor *pCur;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    char *zMode = pCur->wrFlag ? "rw" : "ro";
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("CURSOR %p rooted at %4d(%s) currently at %d.%d%s\n",
       pCur, pCur->pgnoRoot, zMode,
       pPage ? pPage->pgno : 0, pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
       (pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ? "" : " eof"
    );
  }
#endif
}


................................................................................
**   aResult[8] =  Local payload size
**   aResult[9] =  Parent page number
**   aResult[10]=  Page number of the first overflow page
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging only.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor *pCur, int *aResult, int upCnt){
#if 0
  int cnt, idx;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  BtCursor tmpCur;
  int rc;

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
................................................................................
  }
  if( tmpCur.info.iOverflow ){
    aResult[10] = get4byte(&tmpCur.info.pCell[tmpCur.info.iOverflow]);
  }else{
    aResult[10] = 0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(&tmpCur);
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to test/corrupt2.test.

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#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests to make sure SQLite does not crash or
# segfault if it sees a corrupt database file.
#
# $Id: corrupt2.test,v 1.17 2008/09/10 11:28:38 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# The following tests - corrupt2-1.* - create some databases corrupted in
# specific ways and ensure that SQLite detects them as corrupt.
#
................................................................................
  sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db 
  db2 eval {SELECT rowid FROM t1} {
    set result [db2 eval {pragma integrity_check}]
    break
  }
  set result
} {{*** in database main ***
Page 10: sqlite3BtreeInitPage() returns error code 11
On tree page 3 cell 1: Child page depth differs
On tree page 2 cell 0: 2nd reference to page 10
On tree page 2 cell 1: Child page depth differs
Page 4 is never used}}

db2 close

proc corruption_test {args} {







|







 







<
<







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#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests to make sure SQLite does not crash or
# segfault if it sees a corrupt database file.
#
# $Id: corrupt2.test,v 1.18 2008/09/29 11:49:48 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# The following tests - corrupt2-1.* - create some databases corrupted in
# specific ways and ensure that SQLite detects them as corrupt.
#
................................................................................
  sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db 
  db2 eval {SELECT rowid FROM t1} {
    set result [db2 eval {pragma integrity_check}]
    break
  }
  set result
} {{*** in database main ***


On tree page 2 cell 0: 2nd reference to page 10
On tree page 2 cell 1: Child page depth differs
Page 4 is never used}}

db2 close

proc corruption_test {args} {