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Overview
Comment:Add the json_each(JSON,PATH) table-valued-function.
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SHA1: 3335ac17bbcb09dc915173d69bf42048f84ad563
User & Date: drh 2015-08-19 22:47:17
Context
2015-08-19
23:02
Fix the path lookup for objects so that it can handle quoted identifier names and non-alphanumerics in the identifier. check-in: 87f58730 user: drh tags: json
22:47
Add the json_each(JSON,PATH) table-valued-function. check-in: 3335ac17 user: drh tags: json
19:26
Merge the table-valued-function rowid fix. check-in: a06a6392 user: drh tags: json
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to ext/misc/json.c.

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** This SQLite extension implements JSON functions.  The interface is
** modeled after MySQL JSON functions:
**
**     https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/json.html
**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.)


*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
................................................................................
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
    if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, zPath, 0);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}















































































































































































































































































#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
................................................................................
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }



  return rc;
}







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** This SQLite extension implements JSON functions.  The interface is
** modeled after MySQL JSON functions:
**
**     https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/json.html
**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.
** This implementation parses JSON text at 250 MB/s, so it is hard to see
** how JSONB might improve on that.)
*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
................................................................................
  if( x.nNode ){
    JsonNode *pNode = x.aNode;
    if( zPath ) pNode = jsonLookup(&x, 0, zPath, 0);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_free(x.aNode);
}

/****************************************************************************
** The json_each virtual table
****************************************************************************/
typedef struct JsonEachCursor JsonEachCursor;
struct JsonEachCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  u32 iRowid;         /* The rowid */
  u32 i;              /* Index in sParse.aNode[] of current row */
  u32 iEnd;           /* EOF when i equals or exceeds this value */
  u8 eType;           /* Type of top-level element */
  char *zJson;        /* Input json */
  char *zPath;        /* Path by which to filter zJson */
  JsonParse sParse;   /* The input json */
};

/* Constructor for the json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  sqlite3_vtab *pNew;
  pNew = *ppVtab = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

/* Column numbers */
#define JEACH_KEY    0
#define JEACH_VALUE  1
#define JEACH_JSON   2
#define JEACH_PATH   3

  sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, "CREATE TABLE x(key,value,json hidden,path hidden)");
  memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* destructor for json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* constructor for a JsonEachCursor object. */
static int jsonEachOpen(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  JsonEachCursor *pCur;
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Reset a JsonEachCursor back to its original state.  Free any memory
** held. */
static void jsonEachCursorReset(JsonEachCursor *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->zJson);
  sqlite3_free(p->zPath);
  sqlite3_free(p->sParse.aNode);
  p->iRowid = 0;
  p->i = 0;
  p->iEnd = 0;
  p->eType = 0;
  memset(&p->sParse, 0, sizeof(p->sParse));
  p->zJson = 0;
  p->zPath = 0;
}

/* Destructor for a jsonEachCursor object */
static int jsonEachClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return TRUE if the jsonEachCursor object has been advanced off the end
** of the JSON object */
static int jsonEachEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  return p->i >= p->iEnd;
}

/* Advance the cursor to the next top-level element of the current
** JSON string */
static int jsonEachNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  switch( p->eType ){
    case JSON_ARRAY: {
      p->i += jsonSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i]);
      p->iRowid++;
      break;
    }
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      p->i += 1 + jsonSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i+1]);
      p->iRowid++;
      break;
    }
    default: {
      p->i = p->iEnd;
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the value of a column */
static int jsonEachColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case JEACH_KEY: {
      if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        jsonReturn(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i], ctx, 0);
      }else{
        sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, p->iRowid);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_VALUE: {
      if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        jsonReturn(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i+1], ctx, 0);
      }else{
        jsonReturn(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i], ctx, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_PATH: {
      const char *zPath = p->zPath;
      if( zPath==0 ) zPath = "$";
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zPath, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, p->sParse.zJson, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the current rowid value */
static int jsonEachRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = p->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The query strategy is to look for an equality constraint on the json
** column.  Without such a constraint, the table cannot operate.  idxNum is
** 1 if the constraint is found, 3 if the constraint and zPath are found,
** and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int jsonEachBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;
  int jsonIdx = -1;
  int pathIdx = -1;
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;
  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( pConstraint->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    switch( pConstraint->iColumn ){
      case JEACH_JSON:   jsonIdx = i;    break;
      case JEACH_PATH:   pathIdx = i;    break;
      default:           /* no-op */     break;
    }
  }
  if( jsonIdx<0 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)2000000000;
  }else{
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].omit = 1;
    if( pathIdx<0 ){
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
    }else{
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[pathIdx].argvIndex = 2;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[pathIdx].omit = 1;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 3;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Start a search on a new JSON string */
static int jsonEachFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  const char *z;
  const char *zPath;
  sqlite3_int64 n;

  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  if( idxNum==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( idxNum&2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    if( zPath==0 || zPath[0]!='$' ) return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  p->zJson = sqlite3_malloc( n+1 );
  if( p->zJson==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(p->zJson, z, n+1);
  if( jsonParse(&p->sParse, p->zJson) ){
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  }else{
    JsonNode *pNode;
    if( idxNum==3 ){
      n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      p->zPath = sqlite3_malloc( n+1 );
      if( p->zPath==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      memcpy(p->zPath, zPath, n+1);
      pNode = jsonLookup(&p->sParse, 0, p->zPath+1, 0);
      if( pNode==0 ){
        jsonEachCursorReset(p);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      pNode = p->sParse.aNode;
    }
    p->i = (int)(pNode - p->sParse.aNode);
    p->eType = pNode->eType;
    if( p->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ){
      p->i++;
      p->iEnd = p->i + pNode->n;
    }else{
      p->iEnd = p->i+1;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The methods of the json_each virtual table */
static sqlite3_module jsonEachModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  jsonEachConnect,           /* xConnect */
  jsonEachBestIndex,         /* xBestIndex */
  jsonEachDisconnect,        /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  jsonEachOpen,              /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  jsonEachClose,             /* xClose - close a cursor */
  jsonEachFilter,            /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  jsonEachNext,              /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  jsonEachEof,               /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  jsonEachColumn,            /* xColumn - read data */
  jsonEachRowid,             /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
};


#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
................................................................................
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "json_each", &jsonEachModule, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}