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Overview
Comment:Reorganize the proxy-locking method in os_unix.c. Additional cleanup. (CVS 5971)
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SHA1:31f6090e22b54d657afc8c23171d000d47850205
User & Date: drh 2008-12-03 22:32:45
Context
2008-12-03
22:48
Fix a missing forward declaration that is needed when SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING is defined. (CVS 5972) check-in: 24235300 user: drh tags: trunk
22:32
Reorganize the proxy-locking method in os_unix.c. Additional cleanup. (CVS 5971) check-in: 31f6090e user: drh tags: trunk
21:26
Make os_unix compile with SQLITE_ENABLE_PROXY_LOCKING (CVS 5970) check-in: 3efedac6 user: aswift tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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** KEEP THE STRUCTURE OF THIS FILE INTACT.  New code should be placed
** in the correct division and should be clearly labeled.
**
** The layout of divisions is as follows:
**
**   *  General-purpose declarations and utility functions.
**   *  Unique file ID logic used by VxWorks.
**   *  Various locking primitive implementations:
**      + for Posix Advisory Locks
**      + for no-op locks
**      + for dot-file locks
**      + for flock() locking
**      + for named semaphore locks (VxWorks only)
**      + for AFP filesystem locks (MacOSX only)
**      + for proxy locks (MacOSX only)
**   *  sqlite3_file methods not associated with locking.
**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_io_methods objects for all locking
**      methods plus "finder" functions for each locking method.
**   *  sqlite3_vfs method implementations.

**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_vfs objects for all locking methods
**      plus implementations of sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().
**
** $Id: os_unix.c,v 1.226 2008/12/03 21:26:20 aswift Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */

/*
** There are various methods for file locking used for concurrency
** control:
................................................................................
** runtime.  On these latter systems, SQLTIE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK is
** undefined.
**
** This variable normally has file scope only.  But during testing, we make
** it a global so that the test code can change its value in order to verify
** that the right stuff happens in either case.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK
# define SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK -1
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK;
#else
static int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK;

#endif

/*
** This structure holds information passed into individual test
** threads by the testThreadLockingBehavior() routine.
*/
struct threadTestData {
................................................................................
  d.lock.l_type = F_WRLCK;
  pthread_create(&t, 0, threadLockingTest, &d);
  pthread_join(t, 0);
  close(fd);
  if( d.result!=0 ) return;
  threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = (d.lock.l_type==F_UNLCK);
}
#elif SQLITE_THREADSAFE
/*
** On anything other than linux, assume threads override each others locks.
*/
static void testThreadLockingBehavior(int fd_orig){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(fd_orig);
  threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = 1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_THERADSAFE && defined(__linux__) */

/*
** Release a unixLockInfo structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseLockInfo(struct unixLockInfo *pLock){
  if( pLock ){
................................................................................
          sqlite3_free(pOpen->aPending);
          pOpen->nPending = 0;
          pOpen->aPending = 0;
        }
      }
    }
  }
end_afpunlock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file & cleanup AFP specific locking context 
................................................................................
/*
** The code above is the AFP lock implementation.  The code is specific
** to MacOSX and does not work on other unix platforms.  No alternative
** is available.  If you don't compile for a mac, then the "unix-afp"
** VFS is not available.
**
********************* End of the AFP lock implementation **********************
******************************************************************************/

/******************************************************************************
************************** Begin Proxy Locking ********************************
**
**
** The default locking schemes in SQLite use byte-range locks on the
** database file to coordinate safe, concurrent access by multiple readers
** and writers [http://sqlite.org/lockingv3.html].  The five file locking
** states (UNLOCKED, PENDING, SHARED, RESERVED, EXCLUSIVE) are implemented
** as POSIX read & write locks over fixed set of locations (via fsctl),
** on AFP and SMB only exclusive byte-range locks are available via fsctl
** with _IOWR('z', 23, struct ByteRangeLockPB2) to track the same 5 states.
** To simulate a F_RDLCK on the shared range, on AFP a randomly selected
** address in the shared range is taken for a SHARED lock, the entire
** shared range is taken for an EXCLUSIVE lock):
**
**      PENDING_BYTE        0x40000000		   	
**      RESERVED_BYTE       0x40000001
**      SHARED_RANGE        0x40000002 -> 0x40000200
**
** This works well on the local file system, but shows a nearly 100x
** slowdown in read performance on AFP because the AFP client disables
** the read cache when byte-range locks are present.  Enabling the read
** cache exposes a cache coherency problem that is present on all OS X
** supported network file systems.  NFS and AFP both observe the
** close-to-open semantics for ensuring cache coherency
** [http://nfs.sourceforge.net/#faq_a8], which does not effectively
** address the requirements for concurrent database access by multiple
** readers and writers
** [http://www.nabble.com/SQLite-on-NFS-cache-coherency-td15655701.html].
**
** To address the performance and cache coherency issues, proxy file locking
** changes the way database access is controlled by limiting access to a
** single host at a time and moving file locks off of the database file
** and onto a proxy file on the local file system.  
**
**
** Using proxy locks
** -----------------
**
** C APIs
**
**  sqlite3_file_control(db, dbname, SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE,
**                       <proxy_path> | ":auto:");
**  sqlite3_file_control(db, dbname, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, &<proxy_path>);
**
**
** SQL pragmas
**
**  PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file=<proxy_path> | :auto:
**  PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
**
** Specifying ":auto:" means that if there is a conch file with a matching
** host ID in it, the proxy path in the conch file will be used, otherwise
** a proxy path based on the user's temp dir
** (via confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR,...)) will be used and the
** actual proxy file name is generated from the name and path of the
** database file.  For example:
**
**       For database path "/Users/me/foo.db" 
**       The lock path will be "<tmpdir>/sqliteplocks/_Users_me_foo.db:auto:")
**
** Once a lock proxy is configured for a database connection, it can not
** be removed, however it may be switched to a different proxy path via
** the above APIs (assuming the conch file is not being held by another
** connection or process). 
**
**
** How proxy locking works
** -----------------------
**
** Proxy file locking relies primarily on two new supporting files: 
**
**   *  conch file to limit access to the database file to a single host
**      at a time
**
**   *  proxy file to act as a proxy for the advisory locks normally
**      taken on the database
**
** The conch file - to use a proxy file, sqlite must first "hold the conch"
** by taking an sqlite-style shared lock on the conch file, reading the
** contents and comparing the host's unique host ID (see below) and lock
** proxy path against the values stored in the conch.  The conch file is
** stored in the same directory as the database file and the file name
** is patterned after the database file name as ".<databasename>-conch".
** If the conch file does not exist, or it's contents do not match the
** host ID and/or proxy path, then the lock is escalated to an exclusive
** lock and the conch file contents is updated with the host ID and proxy
** path and the lock is downgraded to a shared lock again.  If the conch
** is held by another process (with a shared lock), the exclusive lock
** will fail and SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
**
** The proxy file - a single-byte file used for all advisory file locks
** normally taken on the database file.   This allows for safe sharing
** of the database file for multiple readers and writers on the same
** host (the conch ensures that they all use the same local lock file).
**
** There is a third file - the host ID file - used as a persistent record
** of a unique identifier for the host, a 128-byte unique host id file
** in the path defined by the HOSTIDPATH macro (default value is
** /Library/Caches/.com.apple.sqliteConchHostId).
**
** Requesting the lock proxy does not immediately take the conch, it is
** only taken when the first request to lock database file is made.  
** This matches the semantics of the traditional locking behavior, where
** opening a connection to a database file does not take a lock on it.
** The shared lock and an open file descriptor are maintained until 
** the connection to the database is closed. 
**
** The proxy file and the lock file are never deleted so they only need
** to be created the first time they are used.
**
** Configuration options
** ---------------------
**
**  SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING
**
**       Database files accessed on non-local file systems are
**       automatically configured for proxy locking, lock files are
**       named automatically using the same logic as
**       PRAGMA lock_proxy_file=":auto:"
**    
**  SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
**
**       Enables the logging of error messages during host id file
**       retrieval and creation
**
**  HOSTIDPATH
**
**       Overrides the default host ID file path location
**
**  LOCKPROXYDIR
**
**       Overrides the default directory used for lock proxy files that
**       are named automatically via the ":auto:" setting
**
**  SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS
**
**       Permissions to use when creating a directory for storing the
**       lock proxy files, only used when LOCKPROXYDIR is not set.
**    
**    
** As mentioned above, when compiled with SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING,
** setting the environment variable SQLITE_FORCE_PROXY_LOCKING to 1 will
** force proxy locking to be used for every database file opened, and 0
** will force automatic proxy locking to be disabled for all database
** files (explicity calling the SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE pragma or
** sqlite_file_control API is not affected by SQLITE_FORCE_PROXY_LOCKING).
*/

/*
** Proxy locking is only available on MacOSX 
*/
#if defined(__DARWIN__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE

/*
** Forward reference
*/
static int fillInUnixFile(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
  int h,
  int dirfd,
  sqlite3_file *pId,
  const char *zFilename,
  int noLock,
  int isDelete
);


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/* simulate multiple hosts by creating unique hostid file paths */
int sqlite3_hostid_num = 0;
#endif

/*
** The proxyLockingContext has the path and file structures for the remote 
** and local proxy files in it
*/
typedef struct proxyLockingContext proxyLockingContext;
struct proxyLockingContext {
  unixFile *conchFile;         /* Open conch file */
  char *conchFilePath;         /* Name of the conch file */
  unixFile *lockProxy;         /* Open proxy lock file */
  char *lockProxyPath;         /* Name of the proxy lock file */
  char *dbPath;                /* Name of the open file */
  int conchHeld;               /* True if the conch is currently held */
  void *oldLockingContext;     /* Original lockingcontext to restore on close */
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pOldMethod;     /* Original I/O methods for close */
};

/* HOSTIDLEN and CONCHLEN both include space for the string 
** terminating nul 
*/
#define HOSTIDLEN         128
#define CONCHLEN          (MAXPATHLEN+HOSTIDLEN+1)
#ifndef HOSTIDPATH
# define HOSTIDPATH       "/Library/Caches/.com.apple.sqliteConchHostId"
#endif

/* basically a copy of unixRandomness with different
** test behavior built in */
static int proxyGenerateHostID(char *pHostID){
  int pid, fd, i, len;
  unsigned char *key = (unsigned char *)pHostID;
  
  memset(key, 0, HOSTIDLEN);
  len = 0;
  fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
  if( fd>=0 ){
    len = read(fd, key, HOSTIDLEN);
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
  }
  if( len < HOSTIDLEN ){
    time_t t;
    time(&t);
    memcpy(key, &t, sizeof(t));
    pid = getpid();
    memcpy(&key[sizeof(t)], &pid, sizeof(pid));
  }
  
#ifdef MAKE_PRETTY_HOSTID
  /* filter the bytes into printable ascii characters and NUL terminate */
  key[(HOSTIDLEN-1)] = 0x00;
  for( i=0; i<(HOSTIDLEN-1); i++ ){
    unsigned char pa = key[i]&0x7F;
    if( pa<0x20 ){
      key[i] = (key[i]&0x80 == 0x80) ? pa+0x40 : pa+0x20;
    }else if( pa==0x7F ){
      key[i] = (key[i]&0x80 == 0x80) ? pa=0x20 : pa+0x7E;
    }
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* writes the host id path to path, path should be an pre-allocated buffer
** with enough space for a path 
*/
static int proxyGetHostIDPath(char *path, size_t len){
  strlcpy(path, HOSTIDPATH, len);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_hostid_num>0 ){
    char suffix[2] = "1";
    suffix[0] = suffix[0] + sqlite3_hostid_num;
    strlcat(path, suffix, len);
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE3("GETHOSTIDPATH  %s pid=%d\n", path, getpid());
}

/* get the host ID from a sqlite hostid file stored in the 
** user-specific tmp directory, create the ID if it's not there already 
*/
static int proxyGetHostID(char *pHostID, int *pError){
  int fd;
  char path[MAXPATHLEN]; 
  size_t len;
  int rc=SQLITE_OK;

  proxyGetHostIDPath(path, MAXPATHLEN);
  /* try to create the host ID file, if it already exists read the contents */
  fd = open(path, O_CREAT|O_WRONLY|O_EXCL, 0644);
  if( fd<0 ){
    int err=errno;
		
    if( err!=EEXIST ){
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG /* set the sqlite error message instead */
      fprintf(stderr, "sqlite error creating host ID file %s: %s\n",
              path, strerror(err));
#endif
      return SQLITE_PERM;
    }
    /* couldn't create the file, read it instead */
    fd = open(path, O_RDONLY|O_EXCL);
    if( fd<0 ){
      int err = errno;
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG /* set the sqlite error message instead */
      fprintf(stderr, "sqlite error opening host ID file %s: %s\n",
              path, strerror(err));
#endif
      return SQLITE_PERM;
    }
    len = pread(fd, pHostID, HOSTIDLEN, 0);
    if( len<0 ){
      *pError = errno;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
    }else if( len<HOSTIDLEN ){
      *pError = 0;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
    }
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
    OSTRACE3("GETHOSTID  read %s pid=%d\n", pHostID, getpid());
    return rc;
  }else{
    int i;
    /* we're creating the host ID file (use a random string of bytes) */
    proxyGenerateHostID(pHostID);
    len = pwrite(fd, pHostID, HOSTIDLEN, 0);
    if( len<0 ){
      *pError = errno;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else if( len<HOSTIDLEN ){
      *pError = 0;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
    OSTRACE3("GETHOSTID  wrote %s pid=%d\n", pHostID, getpid());
    return rc;
  }
}

static int proxyGetLockPath(const char *dbPath, char *lPath, size_t maxLen){
  int len;
  int dbLen;
  int i;

#ifdef LOCKPROXYDIR
  len = strlcpy(lPath, LOCKPROXYDIR, maxLen);
#else
# ifdef _CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR
  {
    char utdir[MAXPATHLEN];
    
    confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR, lPath, maxLen);
    len = strlcat(lPath, "sqliteplocks", maxLen);
    if( mkdir(lPath, SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS) ){
      /* if mkdir fails, handle as lock file creation failure */
      int err = errno;
#  ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( err!=EEXIST ){
        fprintf(stderr, "proxyGetLockPath: mkdir(%s,0%o) error %d %s\n", lPath,
                SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS, err, strerror(err));
      }
#  endif
    }else{
      OSTRACE3("GETLOCKPATH  mkdir %s pid=%d\n", lPath, getpid());
    }
    
  }
# else
  len = strlcpy(lPath, "/tmp/", maxLen);
# endif
#endif

  if( lPath[len-1]!='/' ){
    len = strlcat(lPath, "/", maxLen);
  }
  
  /* transform the db path to a unique cache name */
  dbLen = strlen(dbPath);
  for( i=0; i<dbLen && (i+len+7)<maxLen; i++){
    char c = dbPath[i];
    lPath[i+len] = (c=='/')?'_':c;
  }
  lPath[i+len]='\0';
  strlcat(lPath, ":auto:", maxLen);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create a new VFS file descriptor (stored in memory obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc) and open the file named "path" in the file descriptor.
**
** The caller is responsible not only for closing the file descriptor
** but also for freeing the memory associated with the file descriptor.
*/
static int proxyCreateUnixFile(const char *path, unixFile **ppFile) {
  int fd;
  int dirfd = -1;
  unixFile *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  fd = open(path, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( fd<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }
  
  pNew = (unixFile *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(unixFile));
  if( pNew==NULL ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto end_create_proxy;
  }
  memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(unixFile));
  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(NULL, fd, dirfd, (sqlite3_file*)pNew, path, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppFile = pNew;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
end_create_proxy:    
  close(fd); /* silently leak fd if error, we're already in error */
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
  return rc;
}
static const sqlite3_io_methods afpIoMethods;
static int unixWrite(
                     sqlite3_file *id, 
                     const void *pBuf, 
                     int amt,
                     sqlite3_int64 offset 
                     );
static int unixRead(
                    sqlite3_file *id, 
                    void *pBuf, 
                    int amt,
                    sqlite3_int64 offset
                    );
/* takes the conch by taking a shared lock and read the contents conch, if 
** lockPath is non-NULL, the host ID and lock file path must match.  A NULL 
** lockPath means that the lockPath in the conch file will be used if the 
** host IDs match, or a new lock path will be generated automatically 
** and written to the conch file.
*/
static int proxyTakeConch(unixFile *pFile){
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext; 
  
  if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    unixFile *conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
    char testValue[CONCHLEN];
    char conchValue[CONCHLEN];
    char lockPath[MAXPATHLEN];
    char *tLockPath = NULL;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    int readRc = SQLITE_OK;
    int syncPerms = 0;

    OSTRACE4("TAKECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
             (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int pError = 0;
      memset(testValue, 0, CONCHLEN); // conch is fixed size
      rc = proxyGetHostID(testValue, &pError);
      if( rc&SQLITE_IOERR==SQLITE_IOERR ){
        pFile->lastErrno = pError;
      }
      if( pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
        strlcpy(&testValue[HOSTIDLEN], pCtx->lockProxyPath, MAXPATHLEN);
      }
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto end_takeconch;
    }
    
    readRc = unixRead((sqlite3_file *)conchFile, conchValue, CONCHLEN, 0);
    if( readRc!=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      int match = 0;
      if( readRc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        if( rc&SQLITE_IOERR==SQLITE_IOERR ){
          pFile->lastErrno = conchFile->lastErrno;
        }
        rc = readRc;
        goto end_takeconch;
      }
      /* if the conch has data compare the contents */
      if( !pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
        /* for auto-named local lock file, just check the host ID and we'll
         ** use the local lock file path that's already in there */
        if( !memcmp(testValue, conchValue, HOSTIDLEN) ){
          tLockPath = (char *)&conchValue[HOSTIDLEN];
          goto end_takeconch;
        }
      }else{
        /* we've got the conch if conchValue matches our path and host ID */
        if( !memcmp(testValue, conchValue, CONCHLEN) ){
          goto end_takeconch;
        }
      }
    }else{
      /* a short read means we're "creating" the conch (even though it could 
      ** have been user-intervention), if we acquire the exclusive lock,
      ** we'll try to match the current on-disk permissions of the database
      */
      syncPerms = 1;
    }
    
    /* either conch was emtpy or didn't match */
    if( !pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
      proxyGetLockPath(pCtx->dbPath, lockPath, MAXPATHLEN);
      tLockPath = lockPath;
      strlcpy(&testValue[HOSTIDLEN], lockPath, MAXPATHLEN);
    }
    
    /* update conch with host and path (this will fail if other process
     ** has a shared lock already) */
    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = unixWrite((sqlite3_file *)conchFile, testValue, CONCHLEN, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && syncPerms ){
        struct stat buf;
        int err = fstat(pFile->h, &buf);
        if( err==0 ){
          mode_t mode = buf.st_mode & 0100666;
          /* try to match the database file permissions, ignore failure */
#ifndef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
          fchmod(conchFile->h, buf.st_mode);
#else
          if( fchmod(conchFile->h, buf.st_mode)!=0 ){
            int code = errno;
            fprintf(stderr, "fchmod %o FAILED with %d %s\n",
                             buf.st_mode, code, strerror(code));
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr, "fchmod %o SUCCEDED\n",buf.st_mode);
          }
        }else{
          int code = errno;
          fprintf(stderr, "STAT FAILED[%d] with %d %s\n", 
                          err, code, strerror(code));
#endif
        }
      }
    }
    conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
  
end_takeconch:
    OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: CLOSE  %d\n", pFile->h);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->openFlags ){
      if( pFile->h>=0 ){
#ifdef STRICT_CLOSE_ERROR
        if( close(pFile->h) ){
          pFile->lastErrno = errno;
          return SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
        }
#else
        close(pFile->h); /* silently leak fd if fail */
#endif
      }
      pFile->h = -1;
      int fd = open(pCtx->dbPath, pFile->openFlags,
                    SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
      OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: OPEN  %d\n", fd);
      if( fd>=0 ){
        pFile->h = fd;
      }else{
        rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN; // SQLITE_BUSY? proxyTakeConch called during locking
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pCtx->lockProxy ){
      char *path = tLockPath ? tLockPath : pCtx->lockProxyPath;
      // ACS: Need to make a copy of path sometimes
      rc = proxyCreateUnixFile(path, &pCtx->lockProxy);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pCtx->conchHeld = 1;

      if( tLockPath ){
        pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, tLockPath);
        if( pCtx->lockProxy->pMethod == &afpIoMethods ){
          ((afpLockingContext *)pCtx->lockProxy->lockingContext)->dbPath =
                     pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }
      }
    } else {
      conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
    }
    OSTRACE3("TAKECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h, rc==SQLITE_OK?"ok":"failed");
    return rc;
  }
}

/*
** If pFile holds a lock on a conch file, then release that lock.
*/
static int proxyReleaseConch(unixFile *pFile){
  int rc;                     /* Subroutine return code */
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;  /* The locking context for the proxy lock */
  unixFile *conchFile;        /* Name of the conch file */

  pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
  conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
  OSTRACE4("RELEASECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
           (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), 
           getpid());
  pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
  rc = conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
  OSTRACE3("RELEASECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given the name of a database file, compute the name of its conch file.
** Store the conch filename in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** Make *pConchPath point to the new name.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or SQLITE_NOMEM if unable to obtain memory.
**
** The caller is responsible for ensuring that the allocated memory
** space is eventually freed.
**
** *pConchPath is set to NULL if a memory allocation error occurs.
*/
static int proxyCreateConchPathname(char *dbPath, char **pConchPath){
  int i;                        /* Loop counter */
  int len = strlen(dbPath);     /* Length of database filename - dbPath */
  char *conchPath;              /* buffer in which to construct conch name */

  /* Allocate space for the conch filename and initialize the name to
  ** the name of the original database file. */  
  *pConchPath = conchPath = (char *)sqlite3_malloc(len + 8);
  if( conchPath==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memcpy(conchPath, dbPath, len+1);
  
  /* now insert a "." before the last / character */
  for( i=(len-1); i>=0; i-- ){
    if( conchPath[i]=='/' ){
      i++;
      break;
    }
  }
  conchPath[i]='.';
  while ( i<len ){
    conchPath[i+1]=dbPath[i];
    i++;
  }

  /* append the "-conch" suffix to the file */
  memcpy(&conchPath[i+1], "-conch", 7);
  assert( strlen(conchPath) == len+7 );

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* Takes a fully configured proxy locking-style unix file and switches
** the local lock file path 
*/
static int switchLockProxyPath(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
  char *oldPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
  int taken = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }  

  /* nothing to do if the path is NULL, :auto: or matches the existing path */
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ||
    (oldPath && !strncmp(oldPath, path, MAXPATHLEN)) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    unixFile *lockProxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    pCtx->lockProxy=NULL;
    pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
    if( lockProxy!=NULL ){
      rc=lockProxy->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)lockProxy);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(lockProxy);
    }
    sqlite3_free(oldPath);
    pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, path);
  }
  
  return rc;
}

static const sqlite3_io_methods dotlockIoMethods;
/*
** pFile is a file that has been opened by a prior xOpen call.  dbPath
** is a string buffer at least MAXPATHLEN+1 characters in size.
**
** This routine find the filename associated with pFile and writes it
** int dbPath.
*/
static int proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, char *dbPath){
#if defined(__DARWIN__)
  if( pFile->pMethod == &afpIoMethods ){
    /* afp style keeps a reference to the db path in the filePath field 
    ** of the struct */
    assert( strlen((char*)pFile->lockingContext)<=MAXPATHLEN );
    strcpy(dbPath, ((afpLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext)->dbPath);
  }else
#endif
  if( pFile->pMethod == &dotlockIoMethods ){
    /* dot lock style uses the locking context to store the dot lock
    ** file path */
    int len = strlen((char *)pFile->lockingContext) - strlen(DOTLOCK_SUFFIX);
    memcpy(dbPath, (char *)pFile->lockingContext, len + 1);
  }else{
    /* all other styles use the locking context to store the db file path */
    assert( strlen((char*)pFile->lockingContext)<=MAXPATHLEN );
    strcpy(dbPath, (char *)pFile->lockingContext);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
static const sqlite3_io_methods proxyIoMethods;
/*
** Takes an already filled in unix file and alters it so all file locking 
** will be performed on the local proxy lock file.  The following fields
** are preserved in the locking context so that they can be restored and 
** the unix structure properly cleaned up at close time:
**  ->lockingContext
**  ->pMethod
*/
static int transformUnixFileForLockProxy(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;
  char dbPath[MAXPATHLEN+1];       /* Name of the database file */
  char *lockPath=NULL;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(pFile, dbPath);
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ){
    lockPath=NULL;
  }else{
    lockPath=(char *)path;
  }
  
  OSTRACE4("TRANSPROXY  %d for %s pid=%d\n", pFile->h,
           (lockPath ? lockPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

  pCtx = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCtx) );
  if( pCtx==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(pCtx, 0, sizeof(*pCtx));

  rc = proxyCreateConchPathname(dbPath, &pCtx->conchFilePath);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = proxyCreateUnixFile(pCtx->conchFilePath, &pCtx->conchFile);
  }  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && lockPath ){
    pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, lockPath);
  }

end_transform_file:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* all memory is allocated, proxys are created and assigned, 
    ** switch the locking context and pMethod then return.
    */
    pCtx->dbPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, dbPath);
    pCtx->oldLockingContext = pFile->lockingContext;
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx;
    pCtx->pOldMethod = pFile->pMethod;
    pFile->pMethod = &proxyIoMethods;
  }else{
    if( pCtx->conchFile ){ 
      rc = pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE3("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Within this division (the proxying locking implementation) the procedures
** above this point are all utilities.  The lock-related methods of the
** proxy-locking sqlite3_io_method object follow.
*/


/*
** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, set *pResOut
** to a non-zero value otherwise *pResOut is set to zero.  The return value
** is set to SQLITE_OK unless an I/O error occurs during lock checking.
*/
static int proxyCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    return proxy->pMethod->xCheckReservedLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, pResOut);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
** Sometimes when requesting one lock state, additional lock states
** are inserted in between.  The locking might fail on one of the later
** transitions leaving the lock state different from what it started but
** still short of its goal.  The following chart shows the allowed
** transitions and the inserted intermediate states:
**
**    UNLOCKED -> SHARED
**    SHARED -> RESERVED
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int proxyLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    rc = proxy->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
    pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int proxyUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    rc = proxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
    pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file that uses proxy locks.
*/
static int proxyClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
  if( id ){
    unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *lockProxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    unixFile *conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    
    if( lockProxy ){
      rc = lockProxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)lockProxy, NO_LOCK);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = lockProxy->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)lockProxy);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(lockProxy);
      pCtx->lockProxy = 0;
    }
    if( conchFile ){
      if( pCtx->conchHeld ){
        rc = proxyReleaseConch(pFile);
        if( rc ) return rc;
      }
      rc = conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->dbPath);
    /* restore the original locking context and pMethod then close it */
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx->oldLockingContext;
    pFile->pMethod = pCtx->pOldMethod;
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
    return pFile->pMethod->xClose(id);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



#endif /* defined(__DARWIN__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
/*
** The proxy locking style is intended for use with AFP filesystems.
** And since AFP is only supported on MacOSX, the proxy locking is also
** restricted to MacOSX.
** 
**
******************* End of the proxy lock implementation **********************
******************************************************************************/


/******************************************************************************
**************** Non-locking sqlite3_file methods *****************************
**
** The next division contains implementations for all methods of the 
................................................................................
  */
  if( *pSize==1 ) *pSize = 0;


  return SQLITE_OK;
}








/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__DARWIN__)

    case SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE: {
      unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
      if( pFile->pMethod == &proxyIoMethods ){
        proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
        proxyTakeConch(pFile);
        if( pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
          *(const char **)pArg = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }else{
          *(const char **)pArg = ":auto: (not held)";
        }
      } else {
        *(const char **)pArg = NULL;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE: {
      unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      int isProxyStyle = (pFile->pMethod == &proxyIoMethods);
      if( pArg==NULL || (const char *)pArg==0 ){
        if( isProxyStyle ){
          /* turn off proxy locking - not supported */
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR /*SQLITE_PROTOCOL? SQLITE_MISUSE?*/;
        }else{
          /* turn off proxy locking - already off - NOOP */
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }else{
        const char *proxyPath = (const char *)pArg;
        if( isProxyStyle ){
          proxyLockingContext *pCtx = 
            (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
          if( !strcmp(pArg, ":auto:") 
           || (pCtx->lockProxyPath &&
               !strncmp(pCtx->lockProxyPath, proxyPath, MAXPATHLEN))
          ){
            rc = SQLITE_OK;
          }else{
            rc = switchLockProxyPath(pFile, proxyPath);
          }
        }else{
          /* turn on proxy file locking */
          rc = transformUnixFileForLockProxy(pFile, proxyPath);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__DARWIN__) */
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
................................................................................
  afpIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  afpIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  afpClose,                 /* xClose method */
  afpLock,                  /* xLock method */
  afpUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  afpCheckReservedLock      /* xCheckReservedLock method */
);
















IOMETHODS(
  proxyIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  proxyIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  proxyClose,               /* xClose method */
  proxyLock,                /* xLock method */
  proxyUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  proxyCheckReservedLock    /* xCheckReservedLock method */
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
  unixFile *pNew = (unixFile *)pId;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pNew->pLock==NULL );
  assert( pNew->pOpen==NULL );

  /* Parameter isDelete is only used on vxworks. Parameter pVfs is only
  ** used if ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE is defined. Express this explicitly 
  ** here to prevent compiler warnings about unused parameters.
  */
#if !OS_VXWORKS
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDelete);
#endif
#if !SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
#endif
#if !OS_VXWORKS && !SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(zFilename);
#endif

  OSTRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename);    
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  SET_THREADID(pNew);

#if OS_VXWORKS
................................................................................
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }
      useProxy = !(fsInfo.f_flags&MNT_LOCAL);
    }
    if( useProxy ){
      rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock, isDelete);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = transformUnixFileForLockProxy((unixFile*)pFile, ":auto:");
      }
      return rc;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  return fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock, isDelete);
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed3);
  return 0;
}

/*
************************ End of sqlite3_vfs methods ***************************
******************************************************************************/


































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Initialize the operating system interface.
**
** This routine registers all VFS implementations for unix-like operating
** systems.  This routine, and the sqlite3_os_end() routine that follows,
** should be the only routines in this file that are visible from other







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** KEEP THE STRUCTURE OF THIS FILE INTACT.  New code should be placed
** in the correct division and should be clearly labeled.
**
** The layout of divisions is as follows:
**
**   *  General-purpose declarations and utility functions.
**   *  Unique file ID logic used by VxWorks.
**   *  Various locking primitive implementations (all except proxy locking):
**      + for Posix Advisory Locks
**      + for no-op locks
**      + for dot-file locks
**      + for flock() locking
**      + for named semaphore locks (VxWorks only)
**      + for AFP filesystem locks (MacOSX only)

**   *  sqlite3_file methods not associated with locking.
**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_io_methods objects for all locking
**      methods plus "finder" functions for each locking method.
**   *  sqlite3_vfs method implementations.
**   *  Locking primitives for the proxy uber-locking-method. (MacOSX only)
**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_vfs objects for all locking methods
**      plus implementations of sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().
**
** $Id: os_unix.c,v 1.227 2008/12/03 22:32:45 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */

/*
** There are various methods for file locking used for concurrency
** control:
................................................................................
** runtime.  On these latter systems, SQLTIE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK is
** undefined.
**
** This variable normally has file scope only.  But during testing, we make
** it a global so that the test code can change its value in order to verify
** that the right stuff happens in either case.
*/
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE && defined(__linux__)
#  ifndef SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK
#    define SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK -1
#  endif
#  ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK;
#  else
static int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = SQLITE_THREAD_OVERRIDE_LOCK;
#  endif
#endif

/*
** This structure holds information passed into individual test
** threads by the testThreadLockingBehavior() routine.
*/
struct threadTestData {
................................................................................
  d.lock.l_type = F_WRLCK;
  pthread_create(&t, 0, threadLockingTest, &d);
  pthread_join(t, 0);
  close(fd);
  if( d.result!=0 ) return;
  threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = (d.lock.l_type==F_UNLCK);
}








#endif /* SQLITE_THERADSAFE && defined(__linux__) */

/*
** Release a unixLockInfo structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseLockInfo(struct unixLockInfo *pLock){
  if( pLock ){
................................................................................
          sqlite3_free(pOpen->aPending);
          pOpen->nPending = 0;
          pOpen->aPending = 0;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file & cleanup AFP specific locking context 
................................................................................
/*
** The code above is the AFP lock implementation.  The code is specific
** to MacOSX and does not work on other unix platforms.  No alternative
** is available.  If you don't compile for a mac, then the "unix-afp"
** VFS is not available.
**
********************* End of the AFP lock implementation **********************























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































******************************************************************************/


/******************************************************************************
**************** Non-locking sqlite3_file methods *****************************
**
** The next division contains implementations for all methods of the 
................................................................................
  */
  if( *pSize==1 ) *pSize = 0;


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Handler for proxy-locking file-control verbs.  Defined below in the
** proxying locking division.
*/
static int proxyFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);


/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__DARWIN__)
    case SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE:
    case SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE: {

      return proxyFileControl(id,op,pArg);











































    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__DARWIN__) */
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
................................................................................
  afpIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  afpIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  afpClose,                 /* xClose method */
  afpLock,                  /* xLock method */
  afpUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  afpCheckReservedLock      /* xCheckReservedLock method */
);
#endif

/*
** The proxy locking method is a "super-method" in the sense that it
** opens secondary file descriptors for the conch and lock files and
** it uses proxy, dot-file, AFP, and flock() locking methods on those
** secondary files.  For this reason, the division that implements
** proxy locking is located much further down in the file.  But we need
** to go ahead and define the sqlite3_io_methods and finder function
** for proxy locking here.  So we forward declare the I/O methods.
*/
#if defined(__DARWIN__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
static int proxyClose(sqlite3_file*);
static int proxyLock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int proxyUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int proxyCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file*, int*);
IOMETHODS(
  proxyIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  proxyIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  proxyClose,               /* xClose method */
  proxyLock,                /* xLock method */
  proxyUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  proxyCheckReservedLock    /* xCheckReservedLock method */
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
  unixFile *pNew = (unixFile *)pId;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pNew->pLock==NULL );
  assert( pNew->pOpen==NULL );

  /* Parameter isDelete is only used on vxworks.
  ** Express this explicitly here to prevent compiler warnings
  ** about unused parameters.
  */
#if !OS_VXWORKS
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDelete);
#endif







  OSTRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename);    
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  SET_THREADID(pNew);

#if OS_VXWORKS
................................................................................
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }
      useProxy = !(fsInfo.f_flags&MNT_LOCAL);
    }
    if( useProxy ){
      rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock, isDelete);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = proxyTransformUnixFile((unixFile*)pFile, ":auto:");
      }
      return rc;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  return fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock, isDelete);
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed3);
  return 0;
}

/*
************************ End of sqlite3_vfs methods ***************************
******************************************************************************/

/******************************************************************************
************************** Begin Proxy Locking ********************************
**
** Proxy locking is a "uber-locking-method" in this sense:  It uses the
** other locking methods on secondary lock files.  Proxy locking is a
** meta-layer over top of the primitive locking implemented above.  For
** this reason, the division that implements of proxy locking is deferred
** until late in the file (here) after all of the other I/O methods have
** been defined - so that the primitive locking methods are available
** as services to help with the implementation of proxy locking.
**
****
**
** The default locking schemes in SQLite use byte-range locks on the
** database file to coordinate safe, concurrent access by multiple readers
** and writers [http://sqlite.org/lockingv3.html].  The five file locking
** states (UNLOCKED, PENDING, SHARED, RESERVED, EXCLUSIVE) are implemented
** as POSIX read & write locks over fixed set of locations (via fsctl),
** on AFP and SMB only exclusive byte-range locks are available via fsctl
** with _IOWR('z', 23, struct ByteRangeLockPB2) to track the same 5 states.
** To simulate a F_RDLCK on the shared range, on AFP a randomly selected
** address in the shared range is taken for a SHARED lock, the entire
** shared range is taken for an EXCLUSIVE lock):
**
**      PENDING_BYTE        0x40000000		   	
**      RESERVED_BYTE       0x40000001
**      SHARED_RANGE        0x40000002 -> 0x40000200
**
** This works well on the local file system, but shows a nearly 100x
** slowdown in read performance on AFP because the AFP client disables
** the read cache when byte-range locks are present.  Enabling the read
** cache exposes a cache coherency problem that is present on all OS X
** supported network file systems.  NFS and AFP both observe the
** close-to-open semantics for ensuring cache coherency
** [http://nfs.sourceforge.net/#faq_a8], which does not effectively
** address the requirements for concurrent database access by multiple
** readers and writers
** [http://www.nabble.com/SQLite-on-NFS-cache-coherency-td15655701.html].
**
** To address the performance and cache coherency issues, proxy file locking
** changes the way database access is controlled by limiting access to a
** single host at a time and moving file locks off of the database file
** and onto a proxy file on the local file system.  
**
**
** Using proxy locks
** -----------------
**
** C APIs
**
**  sqlite3_file_control(db, dbname, SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE,
**                       <proxy_path> | ":auto:");
**  sqlite3_file_control(db, dbname, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, &<proxy_path>);
**
**
** SQL pragmas
**
**  PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file=<proxy_path> | :auto:
**  PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
**
** Specifying ":auto:" means that if there is a conch file with a matching
** host ID in it, the proxy path in the conch file will be used, otherwise
** a proxy path based on the user's temp dir
** (via confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR,...)) will be used and the
** actual proxy file name is generated from the name and path of the
** database file.  For example:
**
**       For database path "/Users/me/foo.db" 
**       The lock path will be "<tmpdir>/sqliteplocks/_Users_me_foo.db:auto:")
**
** Once a lock proxy is configured for a database connection, it can not
** be removed, however it may be switched to a different proxy path via
** the above APIs (assuming the conch file is not being held by another
** connection or process). 
**
**
** How proxy locking works
** -----------------------
**
** Proxy file locking relies primarily on two new supporting files: 
**
**   *  conch file to limit access to the database file to a single host
**      at a time
**
**   *  proxy file to act as a proxy for the advisory locks normally
**      taken on the database
**
** The conch file - to use a proxy file, sqlite must first "hold the conch"
** by taking an sqlite-style shared lock on the conch file, reading the
** contents and comparing the host's unique host ID (see below) and lock
** proxy path against the values stored in the conch.  The conch file is
** stored in the same directory as the database file and the file name
** is patterned after the database file name as ".<databasename>-conch".
** If the conch file does not exist, or it's contents do not match the
** host ID and/or proxy path, then the lock is escalated to an exclusive
** lock and the conch file contents is updated with the host ID and proxy
** path and the lock is downgraded to a shared lock again.  If the conch
** is held by another process (with a shared lock), the exclusive lock
** will fail and SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
**
** The proxy file - a single-byte file used for all advisory file locks
** normally taken on the database file.   This allows for safe sharing
** of the database file for multiple readers and writers on the same
** host (the conch ensures that they all use the same local lock file).
**
** There is a third file - the host ID file - used as a persistent record
** of a unique identifier for the host, a 128-byte unique host id file
** in the path defined by the HOSTIDPATH macro (default value is
** /Library/Caches/.com.apple.sqliteConchHostId).
**
** Requesting the lock proxy does not immediately take the conch, it is
** only taken when the first request to lock database file is made.  
** This matches the semantics of the traditional locking behavior, where
** opening a connection to a database file does not take a lock on it.
** The shared lock and an open file descriptor are maintained until 
** the connection to the database is closed. 
**
** The proxy file and the lock file are never deleted so they only need
** to be created the first time they are used.
**
** Configuration options
** ---------------------
**
**  SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING
**
**       Database files accessed on non-local file systems are
**       automatically configured for proxy locking, lock files are
**       named automatically using the same logic as
**       PRAGMA lock_proxy_file=":auto:"
**    
**  SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
**
**       Enables the logging of error messages during host id file
**       retrieval and creation
**
**  HOSTIDPATH
**
**       Overrides the default host ID file path location
**
**  LOCKPROXYDIR
**
**       Overrides the default directory used for lock proxy files that
**       are named automatically via the ":auto:" setting
**
**  SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS
**
**       Permissions to use when creating a directory for storing the
**       lock proxy files, only used when LOCKPROXYDIR is not set.
**    
**    
** As mentioned above, when compiled with SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING,
** setting the environment variable SQLITE_FORCE_PROXY_LOCKING to 1 will
** force proxy locking to be used for every database file opened, and 0
** will force automatic proxy locking to be disabled for all database
** files (explicity calling the SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE pragma or
** sqlite_file_control API is not affected by SQLITE_FORCE_PROXY_LOCKING).
*/

/*
** Proxy locking is only available on MacOSX 
*/
#if defined(__DARWIN__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/* simulate multiple hosts by creating unique hostid file paths */
int sqlite3_hostid_num = 0;
#endif

/*
** The proxyLockingContext has the path and file structures for the remote 
** and local proxy files in it
*/
typedef struct proxyLockingContext proxyLockingContext;
struct proxyLockingContext {
  unixFile *conchFile;         /* Open conch file */
  char *conchFilePath;         /* Name of the conch file */
  unixFile *lockProxy;         /* Open proxy lock file */
  char *lockProxyPath;         /* Name of the proxy lock file */
  char *dbPath;                /* Name of the open file */
  int conchHeld;               /* True if the conch is currently held */
  void *oldLockingContext;     /* Original lockingcontext to restore on close */
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pOldMethod;     /* Original I/O methods for close */
};

/* HOSTIDLEN and CONCHLEN both include space for the string 
** terminating nul 
*/
#define HOSTIDLEN         128
#define CONCHLEN          (MAXPATHLEN+HOSTIDLEN+1)
#ifndef HOSTIDPATH
# define HOSTIDPATH       "/Library/Caches/.com.apple.sqliteConchHostId"
#endif

/* basically a copy of unixRandomness with different
** test behavior built in */
static int proxyGenerateHostID(char *pHostID){
  int pid, fd, len;
  unsigned char *key = (unsigned char *)pHostID;
  
  memset(key, 0, HOSTIDLEN);
  len = 0;
  fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
  if( fd>=0 ){
    len = read(fd, key, HOSTIDLEN);
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
  }
  if( len < HOSTIDLEN ){
    time_t t;
    time(&t);
    memcpy(key, &t, sizeof(t));
    pid = getpid();
    memcpy(&key[sizeof(t)], &pid, sizeof(pid));
  }
  
#ifdef MAKE_PRETTY_HOSTID
  {
    int i;
    /* filter the bytes into printable ascii characters and NUL terminate */
    key[(HOSTIDLEN-1)] = 0x00;
    for( i=0; i<(HOSTIDLEN-1); i++ ){
      unsigned char pa = key[i]&0x7F;
      if( pa<0x20 ){
        key[i] = (key[i]&0x80 == 0x80) ? pa+0x40 : pa+0x20;
      }else if( pa==0x7F ){
        key[i] = (key[i]&0x80 == 0x80) ? pa=0x20 : pa+0x7E;
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* writes the host id path to path, path should be an pre-allocated buffer
** with enough space for a path 
*/
static void proxyGetHostIDPath(char *path, size_t len){
  strlcpy(path, HOSTIDPATH, len);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_hostid_num>0 ){
    char suffix[2] = "1";
    suffix[0] = suffix[0] + sqlite3_hostid_num;
    strlcat(path, suffix, len);
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE3("GETHOSTIDPATH  %s pid=%d\n", path, getpid());
}

/* get the host ID from a sqlite hostid file stored in the 
** user-specific tmp directory, create the ID if it's not there already 
*/
static int proxyGetHostID(char *pHostID, int *pError){
  int fd;
  char path[MAXPATHLEN]; 
  size_t len;
  int rc=SQLITE_OK;

  proxyGetHostIDPath(path, MAXPATHLEN);
  /* try to create the host ID file, if it already exists read the contents */
  fd = open(path, O_CREAT|O_WRONLY|O_EXCL, 0644);
  if( fd<0 ){
    int err=errno;
		
    if( err!=EEXIST ){
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG /* set the sqlite error message instead */
      fprintf(stderr, "sqlite error creating host ID file %s: %s\n",
              path, strerror(err));
#endif
      return SQLITE_PERM;
    }
    /* couldn't create the file, read it instead */
    fd = open(path, O_RDONLY|O_EXCL);
    if( fd<0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG /* set the sqlite error message instead */
      int err = errno;
      fprintf(stderr, "sqlite error opening host ID file %s: %s\n",
              path, strerror(err));
#endif
      return SQLITE_PERM;
    }
    len = pread(fd, pHostID, HOSTIDLEN, 0);
    if( len<0 ){
      *pError = errno;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
    }else if( len<HOSTIDLEN ){
      *pError = 0;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
    }
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
    OSTRACE3("GETHOSTID  read %s pid=%d\n", pHostID, getpid());
    return rc;
  }else{
    /* we're creating the host ID file (use a random string of bytes) */
    proxyGenerateHostID(pHostID);
    len = pwrite(fd, pHostID, HOSTIDLEN, 0);
    if( len<0 ){
      *pError = errno;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else if( len<HOSTIDLEN ){
      *pError = 0;
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }
    close(fd); /* silently leak the fd if it fails */
    OSTRACE3("GETHOSTID  wrote %s pid=%d\n", pHostID, getpid());
    return rc;
  }
}

static int proxyGetLockPath(const char *dbPath, char *lPath, size_t maxLen){
  int len;
  int dbLen;
  int i;

#ifdef LOCKPROXYDIR
  len = strlcpy(lPath, LOCKPROXYDIR, maxLen);
#else
# ifdef _CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR
  {
    confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR, lPath, maxLen);
    len = strlcat(lPath, "sqliteplocks", maxLen);
    if( mkdir(lPath, SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS) ){
      /* if mkdir fails, handle as lock file creation failure */
      int err = errno;
#  ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( err!=EEXIST ){
        fprintf(stderr, "proxyGetLockPath: mkdir(%s,0%o) error %d %s\n", lPath,
                SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS, err, strerror(err));
      }
#  endif
    }else{
      OSTRACE3("GETLOCKPATH  mkdir %s pid=%d\n", lPath, getpid());
    }
    
  }
# else
  len = strlcpy(lPath, "/tmp/", maxLen);
# endif
#endif

  if( lPath[len-1]!='/' ){
    len = strlcat(lPath, "/", maxLen);
  }
  
  /* transform the db path to a unique cache name */
  dbLen = strlen(dbPath);
  for( i=0; i<dbLen && (i+len+7)<maxLen; i++){
    char c = dbPath[i];
    lPath[i+len] = (c=='/')?'_':c;
  }
  lPath[i+len]='\0';
  strlcat(lPath, ":auto:", maxLen);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create a new VFS file descriptor (stored in memory obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc) and open the file named "path" in the file descriptor.
**
** The caller is responsible not only for closing the file descriptor
** but also for freeing the memory associated with the file descriptor.
*/
static int proxyCreateUnixFile(const char *path, unixFile **ppFile) {
  int fd;
  int dirfd = -1;
  unixFile *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_vfs dummyVfs;

  fd = open(path, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
  if( fd<0 ){
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
  }
  
  pNew = (unixFile *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(unixFile));
  if( pNew==NULL ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto end_create_proxy;
  }
  memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(unixFile));

  dummyVfs.pAppData = (void*)autolockIoFinder;  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(&dummyVfs, fd, dirfd, (sqlite3_file*)pNew, path, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppFile = pNew;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
end_create_proxy:    
  close(fd); /* silently leak fd if error, we're already in error */
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
  return rc;
}

/* takes the conch by taking a shared lock and read the contents conch, if 
** lockPath is non-NULL, the host ID and lock file path must match.  A NULL 
** lockPath means that the lockPath in the conch file will be used if the 
** host IDs match, or a new lock path will be generated automatically 
** and written to the conch file.
*/
static int proxyTakeConch(unixFile *pFile){
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext; 
  
  if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    unixFile *conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
    char testValue[CONCHLEN];
    char conchValue[CONCHLEN];
    char lockPath[MAXPATHLEN];
    char *tLockPath = NULL;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    int readRc = SQLITE_OK;
    int syncPerms = 0;

    OSTRACE4("TAKECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
             (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int pError = 0;
      memset(testValue, 0, CONCHLEN); // conch is fixed size
      rc = proxyGetHostID(testValue, &pError);
      if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR ){
        pFile->lastErrno = pError;
      }
      if( pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
        strlcpy(&testValue[HOSTIDLEN], pCtx->lockProxyPath, MAXPATHLEN);
      }
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto end_takeconch;
    }
    
    readRc = unixRead((sqlite3_file *)conchFile, conchValue, CONCHLEN, 0);
    if( readRc!=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      if( readRc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR ){
          pFile->lastErrno = conchFile->lastErrno;
        }
        rc = readRc;
        goto end_takeconch;
      }
      /* if the conch has data compare the contents */
      if( !pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
        /* for auto-named local lock file, just check the host ID and we'll
         ** use the local lock file path that's already in there */
        if( !memcmp(testValue, conchValue, HOSTIDLEN) ){
          tLockPath = (char *)&conchValue[HOSTIDLEN];
          goto end_takeconch;
        }
      }else{
        /* we've got the conch if conchValue matches our path and host ID */
        if( !memcmp(testValue, conchValue, CONCHLEN) ){
          goto end_takeconch;
        }
      }
    }else{
      /* a short read means we're "creating" the conch (even though it could 
      ** have been user-intervention), if we acquire the exclusive lock,
      ** we'll try to match the current on-disk permissions of the database
      */
      syncPerms = 1;
    }
    
    /* either conch was emtpy or didn't match */
    if( !pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
      proxyGetLockPath(pCtx->dbPath, lockPath, MAXPATHLEN);
      tLockPath = lockPath;
      strlcpy(&testValue[HOSTIDLEN], lockPath, MAXPATHLEN);
    }
    
    /* update conch with host and path (this will fail if other process
     ** has a shared lock already) */
    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = unixWrite((sqlite3_file *)conchFile, testValue, CONCHLEN, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && syncPerms ){
        struct stat buf;
        int err = fstat(pFile->h, &buf);
        if( err==0 ){
          /* try to match the database file permissions, ignore failure */
#ifndef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
          fchmod(conchFile->h, buf.st_mode);
#else
          if( fchmod(conchFile->h, buf.st_mode)!=0 ){
            int code = errno;
            fprintf(stderr, "fchmod %o FAILED with %d %s\n",
                             buf.st_mode, code, strerror(code));
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr, "fchmod %o SUCCEDED\n",buf.st_mode);
          }
        }else{
          int code = errno;
          fprintf(stderr, "STAT FAILED[%d] with %d %s\n", 
                          err, code, strerror(code));
#endif
        }
      }
    }
    conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
  
end_takeconch:
    OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: CLOSE  %d\n", pFile->h);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->openFlags ){
      if( pFile->h>=0 ){
#ifdef STRICT_CLOSE_ERROR
        if( close(pFile->h) ){
          pFile->lastErrno = errno;
          return SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
        }
#else
        close(pFile->h); /* silently leak fd if fail */
#endif
      }
      pFile->h = -1;
      int fd = open(pCtx->dbPath, pFile->openFlags,
                    SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
      OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: OPEN  %d\n", fd);
      if( fd>=0 ){
        pFile->h = fd;
      }else{
        rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN; // SQLITE_BUSY? proxyTakeConch called during locking
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pCtx->lockProxy ){
      char *path = tLockPath ? tLockPath : pCtx->lockProxyPath;
      // ACS: Need to make a copy of path sometimes
      rc = proxyCreateUnixFile(path, &pCtx->lockProxy);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pCtx->conchHeld = 1;

      if( tLockPath ){
        pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, tLockPath);
        if( pCtx->lockProxy->pMethod == &afpIoMethods ){
          ((afpLockingContext *)pCtx->lockProxy->lockingContext)->dbPath =
                     pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }
      }
    } else {
      conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
    }
    OSTRACE3("TAKECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h, rc==SQLITE_OK?"ok":"failed");
    return rc;
  }
}

/*
** If pFile holds a lock on a conch file, then release that lock.
*/
static int proxyReleaseConch(unixFile *pFile){
  int rc;                     /* Subroutine return code */
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;  /* The locking context for the proxy lock */
  unixFile *conchFile;        /* Name of the conch file */

  pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
  conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
  OSTRACE4("RELEASECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
           (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), 
           getpid());
  pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
  rc = conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
  OSTRACE3("RELEASECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given the name of a database file, compute the name of its conch file.
** Store the conch filename in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** Make *pConchPath point to the new name.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or SQLITE_NOMEM if unable to obtain memory.
**
** The caller is responsible for ensuring that the allocated memory
** space is eventually freed.
**
** *pConchPath is set to NULL if a memory allocation error occurs.
*/
static int proxyCreateConchPathname(char *dbPath, char **pConchPath){
  int i;                        /* Loop counter */
  int len = strlen(dbPath);     /* Length of database filename - dbPath */
  char *conchPath;              /* buffer in which to construct conch name */

  /* Allocate space for the conch filename and initialize the name to
  ** the name of the original database file. */  
  *pConchPath = conchPath = (char *)sqlite3_malloc(len + 8);
  if( conchPath==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memcpy(conchPath, dbPath, len+1);
  
  /* now insert a "." before the last / character */
  for( i=(len-1); i>=0; i-- ){
    if( conchPath[i]=='/' ){
      i++;
      break;
    }
  }
  conchPath[i]='.';
  while ( i<len ){
    conchPath[i+1]=dbPath[i];
    i++;
  }

  /* append the "-conch" suffix to the file */
  memcpy(&conchPath[i+1], "-conch", 7);
  assert( strlen(conchPath) == len+7 );

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* Takes a fully configured proxy locking-style unix file and switches
** the local lock file path 
*/
static int switchLockProxyPath(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
  char *oldPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }  

  /* nothing to do if the path is NULL, :auto: or matches the existing path */
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ||
    (oldPath && !strncmp(oldPath, path, MAXPATHLEN)) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    unixFile *lockProxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    pCtx->lockProxy=NULL;
    pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
    if( lockProxy!=NULL ){
      rc=lockProxy->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)lockProxy);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(lockProxy);
    }
    sqlite3_free(oldPath);
    pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, path);
  }
  
  return rc;
}

/*
** pFile is a file that has been opened by a prior xOpen call.  dbPath
** is a string buffer at least MAXPATHLEN+1 characters in size.
**
** This routine find the filename associated with pFile and writes it
** int dbPath.
*/
static int proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, char *dbPath){
#if defined(__DARWIN__)
  if( pFile->pMethod == &afpIoMethods ){
    /* afp style keeps a reference to the db path in the filePath field 
    ** of the struct */
    assert( strlen((char*)pFile->lockingContext)<=MAXPATHLEN );
    strcpy(dbPath, ((afpLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext)->dbPath);
  }else
#endif
  if( pFile->pMethod == &dotlockIoMethods ){
    /* dot lock style uses the locking context to store the dot lock
    ** file path */
    int len = strlen((char *)pFile->lockingContext) - strlen(DOTLOCK_SUFFIX);
    memcpy(dbPath, (char *)pFile->lockingContext, len + 1);
  }else{
    /* all other styles use the locking context to store the db file path */
    assert( strlen((char*)pFile->lockingContext)<=MAXPATHLEN );
    strcpy(dbPath, (char *)pFile->lockingContext);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Takes an already filled in unix file and alters it so all file locking 
** will be performed on the local proxy lock file.  The following fields
** are preserved in the locking context so that they can be restored and 
** the unix structure properly cleaned up at close time:
**  ->lockingContext
**  ->pMethod
*/
static int proxyTransformUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;
  char dbPath[MAXPATHLEN+1];       /* Name of the database file */
  char *lockPath=NULL;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(pFile, dbPath);
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ){
    lockPath=NULL;
  }else{
    lockPath=(char *)path;
  }
  
  OSTRACE4("TRANSPROXY  %d for %s pid=%d\n", pFile->h,
           (lockPath ? lockPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

  pCtx = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCtx) );
  if( pCtx==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(pCtx, 0, sizeof(*pCtx));

  rc = proxyCreateConchPathname(dbPath, &pCtx->conchFilePath);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = proxyCreateUnixFile(pCtx->conchFilePath, &pCtx->conchFile);
  }  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && lockPath ){
    pCtx->lockProxyPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, lockPath);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* all memory is allocated, proxys are created and assigned, 
    ** switch the locking context and pMethod then return.
    */
    pCtx->dbPath = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, dbPath);
    pCtx->oldLockingContext = pFile->lockingContext;
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx;
    pCtx->pOldMethod = pFile->pMethod;
    pFile->pMethod = &proxyIoMethods;
  }else{
    if( pCtx->conchFile ){ 
      rc = pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE3("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}


/*
** This routine handles sqlite3_file_control() calls that are specific
** to proxy locking.
*/
static int proxyFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE: {
      unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
      if( pFile->pMethod == &proxyIoMethods ){
        proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
        proxyTakeConch(pFile);
        if( pCtx->lockProxyPath ){
          *(const char **)pArg = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }else{
          *(const char **)pArg = ":auto: (not held)";
        }
      } else {
        *(const char **)pArg = NULL;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE: {
      unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      int isProxyStyle = (pFile->pMethod == &proxyIoMethods);
      if( pArg==NULL || (const char *)pArg==0 ){
        if( isProxyStyle ){
          /* turn off proxy locking - not supported */
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR /*SQLITE_PROTOCOL? SQLITE_MISUSE?*/;
        }else{
          /* turn off proxy locking - already off - NOOP */
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }else{
        const char *proxyPath = (const char *)pArg;
        if( isProxyStyle ){
          proxyLockingContext *pCtx = 
            (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
          if( !strcmp(pArg, ":auto:") 
           || (pCtx->lockProxyPath &&
               !strncmp(pCtx->lockProxyPath, proxyPath, MAXPATHLEN))
          ){
            rc = SQLITE_OK;
          }else{
            rc = switchLockProxyPath(pFile, proxyPath);
          }
        }else{
          /* turn on proxy file locking */
          rc = proxyTransformUnixFile(pFile, proxyPath);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }
    default: {
      assert( 0 );  /* The call assures that only valid opcodes are sent */
    }
  }
  /*NOTREACHED*/
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** Within this division (the proxying locking implementation) the procedures
** above this point are all utilities.  The lock-related methods of the
** proxy-locking sqlite3_io_method object follow.
*/


/*
** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, set *pResOut
** to a non-zero value otherwise *pResOut is set to zero.  The return value
** is set to SQLITE_OK unless an I/O error occurs during lock checking.
*/
static int proxyCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    return proxy->pMethod->xCheckReservedLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, pResOut);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
** Sometimes when requesting one lock state, additional lock states
** are inserted in between.  The locking might fail on one of the later
** transitions leaving the lock state different from what it started but
** still short of its goal.  The following chart shows the allowed
** transitions and the inserted intermediate states:
**
**    UNLOCKED -> SHARED
**    SHARED -> RESERVED
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int proxyLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    rc = proxy->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
    pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int proxyUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    rc = proxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
    pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file that uses proxy locks.
*/
static int proxyClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
  if( id ){
    unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    unixFile *lockProxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
    unixFile *conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    
    if( lockProxy ){
      rc = lockProxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)lockProxy, NO_LOCK);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = lockProxy->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)lockProxy);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(lockProxy);
      pCtx->lockProxy = 0;
    }
    if( conchFile ){
      if( pCtx->conchHeld ){
        rc = proxyReleaseConch(pFile);
        if( rc ) return rc;
      }
      rc = conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->dbPath);
    /* restore the original locking context and pMethod then close it */
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx->oldLockingContext;
    pFile->pMethod = pCtx->pOldMethod;
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
    return pFile->pMethod->xClose(id);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



#endif /* defined(__DARWIN__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
/*
** The proxy locking style is intended for use with AFP filesystems.
** And since AFP is only supported on MacOSX, the proxy locking is also
** restricted to MacOSX.
** 
**
******************* End of the proxy lock implementation **********************
******************************************************************************/

/*
** Initialize the operating system interface.
**
** This routine registers all VFS implementations for unix-like operating
** systems.  This routine, and the sqlite3_os_end() routine that follows,
** should be the only routines in this file that are visible from other

Changes to src/test1.c.

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....
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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing all sorts of SQLite interfaces.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test1.c,v 1.334 2008/11/29 02:20:27 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
................................................................................
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;
  extern int sqlite3_xferopt_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_readdb_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_writedb_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_writej_count;
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX && defined(SQLITE_TEST) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  extern int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks;
#endif
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  extern int sqlite3_os_type;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  extern int sqlite3WhereTrace;
................................................................................
      (char*)&sqlite3_pager_writedb_count, TCL_LINK_INT);
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "sqlite3_pager_writej_count",
      (char*)&sqlite3_pager_writej_count, TCL_LINK_INT);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "unaligned_string_counter",
      (char*)&unaligned_string_counter, TCL_LINK_INT);
#endif
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX && defined(SQLITE_TEST) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks",
      (char*)&threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks, TCL_LINK_INT);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "sqlite_last_needed_collation",
      (char*)&pzNeededCollation, TCL_LINK_STRING|TCL_LINK_READ_ONLY);
#endif







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....
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4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
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4926
....
4966
4967
4968
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4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
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4978
4979
4980
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing all sorts of SQLite interfaces.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test1.c,v 1.335 2008/12/03 22:32:45 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
................................................................................
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;
  extern int sqlite3_xferopt_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_readdb_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_writedb_count;
  extern int sqlite3_pager_writej_count;
#if defined(__linux__) && defined(SQLITE_TEST) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  extern int threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks;
#endif
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  extern int sqlite3_os_type;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  extern int sqlite3WhereTrace;
................................................................................
      (char*)&sqlite3_pager_writedb_count, TCL_LINK_INT);
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "sqlite3_pager_writej_count",
      (char*)&sqlite3_pager_writej_count, TCL_LINK_INT);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "unaligned_string_counter",
      (char*)&unaligned_string_counter, TCL_LINK_INT);
#endif
#if defined(__linux__) && defined(SQLITE_TEST) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks",
      (char*)&threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks, TCL_LINK_INT);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  Tcl_LinkVar(interp, "sqlite_last_needed_collation",
      (char*)&pzNeededCollation, TCL_LINK_STRING|TCL_LINK_READ_ONLY);
#endif

Changes to test/tkt3472.test.

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#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#     
# $Id: tkt3472.test,v 1.3 2008/11/13 18:02:52 shane Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable {!threadsafe} {
  finish_test
  return
}
if {$::tcl_platform(platform)!="unix"} {
  finish_test
  return
}

set ::correctvalue $threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks
puts "threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = $::correctvalue"








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<







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#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#     
# $Id: tkt3472.test,v 1.4 2008/12/03 22:32:45 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

if {![info exists threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks]} {




  finish_test
  return
}

set ::correctvalue $threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks
puts "threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks = $::correctvalue"