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Comment:Merge the latest enhancements from trunk.
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SHA1:2078454ac998ccb5e837c4f13d8d8b2f312f4f50
User & Date: drh 2014-10-01 01:46:35
Context
2014-10-09
11:27
Merge the latest trunk enhancements into the apple-osx branch. check-in: 6fc72077 user: drh tags: apple-osx
2014-10-01
01:46
Merge the latest enhancements from trunk. check-in: 2078454a user: drh tags: apple-osx
2014-09-30
19:04
Improvements to the new syntax-tree output routines: Omit the "END SELECT" mark and instead terminate the graph at the last item. Increase the maximum tree depth to 100. check-in: 5ce05757 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-09-21
23:08
Merge in all recent changes from trunk. check-in: 3967ebe8 user: drh tags: apple-osx
Changes
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Changes to src/btree.c.

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  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){

    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0 && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow) ){

      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
................................................................................

/* This helper routine to saveAllCursors does the actual work of saving
** the cursors if and when a cursor is found that actually requires saving.
** The common case is that no cursors need to be saved, so this routine is
** broken out from its caller to avoid unnecessary stack pointer movement.
*/
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(
  BtCursor *p,           /* The first cursor that needs saving */
  Pgno iRoot,            /* Only save cursor with this iRoot.  Save all if zero */
  BtCursor *pExcept      /* Do not save this cursor */
){
  do{
    if( p!=pExcept && (0==iRoot || p->pgnoRoot==iRoot) ){
      if( p->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
        int rc = saveCursorPosition(p);
        if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
          return rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  btreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and btreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.
**
** Within this file, the parseCell() macro can be called instead of
** btreeParseCellPtr(). Using some compilers, this will be faster.
*/
static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u16 n;                  /* Number bytes in cell content header */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  pInfo->pCell = pCell;
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  n = pPage->childPtrSize;
  assert( n==4-4*pPage->leaf );
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    if( pPage->hasData ){
      assert( n==0 );
      n = getVarint32(pCell, nPayload);
    }else{
      nPayload = 0;
    }
    n += getVarint(&pCell[n], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
    pInfo->nData = nPayload;
  }else{
    pInfo->nData = 0;
    n += getVarint32(&pCell[n], nPayload);
    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  }
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->nHeader = n;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( likely(nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal) ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */

    if( (pInfo->nSize = (u16)(n+nPayload))<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
................................................................................
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(pInfo->nLocal + n);
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}
#define parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo) \
  btreeParseCellPtr((pPage), findCell((pPage), (iCell)), (pInfo))
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo);
}

/*
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = &pCell[pPage->childPtrSize];
  u32 nSize;


#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  if( pPage->intKey ){
    u8 *pEnd;
    if( pPage->hasData ){
      pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nSize);
    }else{
      nSize = 0;
    }










    /* pIter now points at the 64-bit integer key value, a variable length 
    ** integer. The following block moves pIter to point at the first byte
    ** past the end of the key value. */
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }else{
    pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nSize);
  }

  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nSize>pPage->maxLocal ){



    int minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    nSize = minLocal + (nSize - minLocal) % (pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
    if( nSize>pPage->maxLocal ){
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4;
  }
  nSize += (u32)(pIter - pCell);

  /* The minimum size of any cell is 4 bytes. */
  if( nSize<4 ){
    nSize = 4;
  }

  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize );
  return (u16)nSize;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
................................................................................
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))==info.nPayload );
  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
** Note that even though the freeblock list was checked by btreeInitPage(),
** that routine will not detect overlap between cells or freeblocks.  Nor
** does it detect cells or freeblocks that encrouch into the reserved bytes
** at the end of the page.  So do additional corruption checks inside this
** routine and return SQLITE_CORRUPT if any problems are found.
*/
static int freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, u16 iStart, u16 iSize){
  u16 iPtr;                             /* Address of pointer to next freeblock */
  u16 iFreeBlk;                         /* Address of the next freeblock */
  u8 hdr;                               /* Page header size.  0 or 100 */
  u8 nFrag = 0;                         /* Reduction in fragmentation */
  u16 iOrigSize = iSize;                /* Original value of iSize */
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */
................................................................................
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist pointer
    ** in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be coalesced 
    ** onto the end of iPtr.
    */
    if( iPtr>hdr+1 ){
      int iPtrEnd = iPtr + get2byte(&data[iPtr+2]);
      if( iPtrEnd+3>=iStart ){
        if( iPtrEnd>iStart ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        nFrag += iStart - iPtrEnd;
        iSize = iEnd - iPtr;
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->hasData = pPage->leaf;

    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->hasData = 0;

    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPage->max1bytePayload = pBt->max1bytePayload;
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
**
** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( countValidCursors(pBt,0)==0 || pBt->inTransaction>TRANS_NONE );
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){

    assert( pBt->pPage1->aData );
    assert( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)==1 );
    assert( pBt->pPage1->aData );
    releasePage(pBt->pPage1);
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  }
}

/*
** If pBt points to an empty file then convert that empty file
** into a new empty database by initializing the first page of
** the database.
................................................................................
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 && pBt->pPage1->aData );

  if( NEVER(wrFlag && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0) ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }




  if( iTable==1 && btreePagecount(pBt)==0 ){
    assert( wrFlag==0 );
    iTable = 0;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables and link the cursor into the BtShared list.  */
................................................................................
** Failure is not possible.  This function always returns SQLITE_OK.
** It might just as well be a procedure (returning void) but we continue
** to return an integer result code for historical reasons.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pSize){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  *pSize = pCur->info.nData;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Given the page number of an overflow page in the database (parameter
** ovfl), this function finds the page number of the next page in the 
** linked list of overflow pages. If possible, it uses the auto-vacuum
................................................................................
  u32 offset,          /* Begin reading this far into payload */
  u32 amt,             /* Read this many bytes */
  unsigned char *pBuf, /* Write the bytes into this buffer */ 
  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;                  /* Btree this cursor belongs to */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  int bEnd;                                   /* True if reading to end of data */
#endif

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( eOp!=2 || offset==0 );      /* Always start from beginning for eOp==2 */

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : (int)pCur->info.nKey);
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  bEnd = (offset+amt==nKey+pCur->info.nData);

#endif


  if( NEVER(offset+amt > nKey+pCur->info.nData) 
   || &aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal] > &pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize]
  ){
    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
    */
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)!=0 && pCur->aOverflow[offset/ovflSize] ){


      iIdx = (offset/ovflSize);
      nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx];
      offset = (offset%ovflSize);
    }

    for( ; rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 && nextPage; iIdx++){

................................................................................
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  *pAmt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  return (void*)(pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader);
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
** b-tree page.  Write the number of available bytes into *pAmt.
................................................................................
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey<intKey ){
          lwr = idx+1;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
**
** The main entry point is sqlite3BtreePrevious().  That routine is optimized
** for the common case of merely decrementing the cell counter BtCursor.aiIdx
** to the previous cell on the current page.  The (slower) btreePrevious() helper
** routine is called when it is necessary to move to a different page or
** to restore the cursor.
**
** The calling function will set *pRes to 0 or 1.  The initial *pRes value
** will be 1 if the cursor being stepped corresponds to an SQL index and
** if this routine could have been skipped if that SQL index had been
** a unique index.  Otherwise the caller will have set *pRes to zero.
** Zero is the common case. The btree implementation is free to use the
** initial *pRes value as a hint to improve performance, but the current
................................................................................
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & (BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidOvfl|BTCF_ValidNKey))==0 );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize==0 );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    assert( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
    rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc ) goto end_allocate_page;
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          noContent = !btreeGetHasContent(pBt, *pPgno) ? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT : 0;
          rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, noContent);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
................................................................................
    **
    ** Note that the pager will not actually attempt to load or journal 
    ** content for any page that really does lie past the end of the database
    ** file on disk. So the effects of disabling the no-content optimization
    ** here are confined to those pages that lie between the end of the
    ** database image and the end of the database file.
    */
    int bNoContent = (0==IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)) ? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT : 0;

    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pBt->nPage++;
    if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ) pBt->nPage++;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
static void freePage(MemPage *pPage, int *pRC){
  if( (*pRC)==SQLITE_OK ){
    *pRC = freePage2(pPage->pBt, pPage, pPage->pgno);
  }
}

/*
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.


*/
static int clearCell(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){




  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);

  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
  MemPage *pToRelease = 0;
  unsigned char *pPrior;
  unsigned char *pPayload;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  Pgno pgnoOvfl = 0;
  int nHeader;
  CellInfo info;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* pPage is not necessarily writeable since pCell might be auxiliary
  ** buffer space that is separate from the pPage buffer area */
  assert( pCell<pPage->aData || pCell>=&pPage->aData[pBt->pageSize]
            || sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Fill in the header. */
  nHeader = 0;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    nHeader += 4;
  }
  if( pPage->hasData ){
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nData+nZero);
  }else{
    nData = nZero = 0;


  }
  nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&nKey);
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( info.nHeader==nHeader );
  assert( info.nKey==nKey );
  assert( info.nData==(u32)(nData+nZero) );
  
  /* Fill in the payload */
  nPayload = nData + nZero;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    pSrc = pData;
    nSrc = nData;
    nData = 0;
  }else{ 
    if( NEVER(nKey>0x7fffffff || pKey==0) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    nPayload += (int)nKey;
    pSrc = pKey;
    nSrc = (int)nKey;
  }





  *pnSize = info.nSize;








  spaceLeft = info.nLocal;



  pPayload = &pCell[nHeader];





















  pPrior = &pCell[info.iOverflow];




  while( nPayload>0 ){
    if( spaceLeft==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      Pgno pgnoPtrmap = pgnoOvfl; /* Overflow page pointer-map entry page */
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        do{
          pgnoOvfl++;
................................................................................
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->hasData;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    
    /* Before doing anything else, take a copy of the i'th original sibling
    ** The rest of this function will use data from the copies rather
    ** that the original pages since the original pages will be in the
    ** process of being overwritten.  */
................................................................................
    }else{
      MemPage * const pParent = pCur->apPage[iPage-1];
      int const iIdx = pCur->aiIdx[iPage-1];

      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
        if( pPage->hasData
         && pPage->nOverflow==1
         && pPage->aiOvfl[0]==pPage->nCell
         && pParent->pgno!=1
         && pParent->nCell==iIdx
        ){
          /* Call balance_quick() to create a new sibling of pPage on which
          ** to store the overflow cell. balance_quick() inserts a new cell
................................................................................

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
    return pCur->skipNext;
  }

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)!=0 && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE

              && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );

  /* Assert that the caller has been consistent. If this cursor was opened
  ** expecting an index b-tree, then the caller should be inserting blob
  ** keys with no associated data. If the cursor was opened expecting an
  ** intkey table, the caller should be inserting integer keys with a
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && nKey>0 && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){

      loc = -1;
    }
  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );

  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  allocateTempSpace(pBt);
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSizePtr(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);
    dropCell(pPage, idx, szOld, &rc);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
................................................................................
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;              
  int rc;                              /* Return code */
  MemPage *pPage;                      /* Page to delete cell from */
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );
................................................................................
  ** invalidate any incrblob cursors open on the row being deleted.  */
  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pCur->info.nKey, 0);
  }

  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  dropCell(pPage, iCellIdx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell), &rc);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* If the cell deleted was not located on a leaf page, then the cursor
  ** is currently pointing to the largest entry in the sub-tree headed
  ** by the child-page of the cell that was just deleted from an internal
  ** node. The cell from the leaf node needs to be moved to the internal
  ** node to replace the deleted cell.  */
................................................................................
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    nCell = cellSizePtr(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );

    allocateTempSpace(pBt);
    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;


    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  /* Balance the tree. If the entry deleted was located on a leaf page,
................................................................................
  int *pnChange            /* Add number of Cells freed to this counter */
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;
  int hdr;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0);
................................................................................
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pnChange);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdr+8]), 1, pnChange);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }else if( pnChange ){
    assert( pPage->intKey );
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** Append a message to the error message string.
*/
static void checkAppendMsg(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,
  char *zMsg1,
  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;

  if( !pCheck->mxErr ) return;
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( zMsg1 ){

    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&pCheck->errMsg, zMsg1);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
** Add 1 to the reference count for page iPage.  If this is the second
** reference to the page, add an error message to pCheck->zErrMsg.
** Return 1 if there are 2 or more references to the page and 0 if
** if this is the first reference to the page.
**
** Also check that the page number is in bounds.
*/
static int checkRef(IntegrityCk *pCheck, Pgno iPage, char *zContext){
  if( iPage==0 ) return 1;
  if( iPage>pCheck->nPage ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "invalid page number %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
  if( getPageReferenced(pCheck, iPage) ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "2nd reference to page %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
  setPageReferenced(pCheck, iPage);
  return 0;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
** page iParent, pointer type ptrType. If not, append an error message
** to pCheck.
*/
static void checkPtrmap(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,   /* Integrity check context */
  Pgno iChild,           /* Child page number */
  u8 eType,              /* Expected pointer map type */
  Pgno iParent,          /* Expected pointer map parent page number */
  char *zContext         /* Context description (used for error msg) */
){
  int rc;
  u8 ePtrmapType;
  Pgno iPtrmapParent;

  rc = ptrmapGet(pCheck->pBt, iChild, &ePtrmapType, &iPtrmapParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ) pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "Failed to read ptrmap key=%d", iChild);
    return;
  }

  if( ePtrmapType!=eType || iPtrmapParent!=iParent ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
      "Bad ptr map entry key=%d expected=(%d,%d) got=(%d,%d)", 
      iChild, eType, iParent, ePtrmapType, iPtrmapParent);
  }
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** Check the integrity of the freelist or of an overflow page list.
** Verify that the number of pages on the list is N.
*/
static void checkList(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,  /* Integrity checking context */
  int isFreeList,       /* True for a freelist.  False for overflow page list */
  int iPage,            /* Page number for first page in the list */
  int N,                /* Expected number of pages in the list */
  char *zContext        /* Context for error messages */
){
  int i;
  int expected = N;
  int iFirst = iPage;
  while( N-- > 0 && pCheck->mxErr ){
    DbPage *pOvflPage;
    unsigned char *pOvflData;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
         "%d of %d pages missing from overflow list starting at %d",
          N+1, expected, iFirst);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zContext) ) break;
    if( sqlite3PagerGet(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, &pOvflPage) ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      break;
    }
    pOvflData = (unsigned char *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pOvflPage);
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>(int)pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-2 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
          if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
            checkPtrmap(pCheck, iFreePage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
          }
#endif
          checkRef(pCheck, iFreePage, zContext);
        }
        N -= n;
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    else{
      /* If this database supports auto-vacuum and iPage is not the last
      ** page in this overflow list, check that the pointer-map entry for
      ** the following page matches iPage.
      */
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum && N>0 ){
        i = get4byte(pOvflData);
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, i, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iPage, zContext);
      }
    }
#endif
    iPage = get4byte(pOvflData);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pOvflPage);
  }
}
................................................................................
**      7.  Verify that the depth of all children is the same.
**      8.  Make sure this page is at least 33% full or else it is
**          the root of the tree.
*/
static int checkTreePage(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,  /* Context for the sanity check */
  int iPage,            /* Page number of the page to check */
  char *zParentContext, /* Parent context */
  i64 *pnParentMinKey, 
  i64 *pnParentMaxKey
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int i, rc, depth, d2, pgno, cnt;
  int hdr, cellStart;
  int nCell;
  u8 *data;
  BtShared *pBt;
  int usableSize;
  char zContext[100];
  char *hit = 0;
  i64 nMinKey = 0;
  i64 nMaxKey = 0;

  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext, "Page %d: ", iPage);


  /* Check that the page exists
  */
  pBt = pCheck->pBt;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  if( iPage==0 ) return 0;
  if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zParentContext) ) return 0;


  if( (rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iPage, &pPage, 0))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
       "unable to get the page. error code=%d", rc);
    return 0;


  }

  /* Clear MemPage.isInit to make sure the corruption detection code in
  ** btreeInitPage() is executed.  */
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  if( (rc = btreeInitPage(pPage))!=0 ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT );  /* The only possible error from InitPage */
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
                   "btreeInitPage() returns error code %d", rc);
    releasePage(pPage);
    return 0;

  }

  /* Check out all the cells.
  */
  depth = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell && pCheck->mxErr; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u32 sz;
    CellInfo info;

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext,
             "On tree page %d cell %d: ", iPage, i);


    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nData;
    if( !pPage->intKey ) sz += (int)info.nKey;
    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */


    else if( i==0 ) nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;
    else{
      if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
            "Rowid %lld out of order (previous was %lld)", info.nKey, nMaxKey);
      }
      nMaxKey = info.nKey;
    }
    assert( sz==info.nPayload );
    if( (sz>info.nLocal) 
     && (&pCell[info.iOverflow]<=&pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize])
    ){
      int nPage = (sz - info.nLocal + usableSize - 5)/(usableSize - 4);
      Pgno pgnoOvfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgnoOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, iPage, zContext);
      }
#endif
      checkList(pCheck, 0, pgnoOvfl, nPage, zContext);
    }

    /* Check sanity of left child page.
    */
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      pgno = get4byte(pCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage, zContext);
      }
#endif
      d2 = checkTreePage(pCheck, pgno, zContext, &nMinKey, i==0 ? NULL : &nMaxKey);
      if( i>0 && d2!=depth ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "Child page depth differs");
      }
      depth = d2;
    }
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext, 
                     "On page %d at right child: ", iPage);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage, zContext);
    }
#endif
    checkTreePage(pCheck, pgno, zContext, NULL, !pPage->nCell ? NULL : &nMaxKey);
  }
 
  /* For intKey leaf pages, check that the min/max keys are in order
  ** with any left/parent/right pages.
  */


  if( pPage->leaf && pPage->intKey ){
    /* if we are a left child page */
    if( pnParentMinKey ){
      /* if we are the left most child page */
      if( !pnParentMaxKey ){
        if( nMaxKey > *pnParentMinKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
              "Rowid %lld out of order (max larger than parent min of %lld)",
              nMaxKey, *pnParentMinKey);
        }
      }else{
        if( nMinKey <= *pnParentMinKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
              "Rowid %lld out of order (min less than parent min of %lld)",
              nMinKey, *pnParentMinKey);
        }
        if( nMaxKey > *pnParentMaxKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
              "Rowid %lld out of order (max larger than parent max of %lld)",
              nMaxKey, *pnParentMaxKey);
        }
        *pnParentMinKey = nMaxKey;
      }
    /* else if we're a right child page */
    } else if( pnParentMaxKey ){
      if( nMinKey <= *pnParentMaxKey ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
            "Rowid %lld out of order (min less than parent max of %lld)",
            nMinKey, *pnParentMaxKey);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check for complete coverage of the page
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );

  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    int contentOffset = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);
................................................................................
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){

        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    while( i>0 ){
................................................................................
      assert( j<=usableSize-4 );   /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      i = j;
    }
    for(i=cnt=0; i<usableSize; i++){
      if( hit[i]==0 ){
        cnt++;
      }else if( hit[i]>1 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0,
          "Multiple uses for byte %d of page %d", i, iPage);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( cnt!=data[hdr+7] ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
          "Fragmentation of %d bytes reported as %d on page %d",
          cnt, data[hdr+7], iPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PageFree(hit);
  releasePage(pPage);





  return depth+1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** This routine does a complete check of the given BTree file.  aRoot[] is
................................................................................
  nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager);
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = btreePagecount(sCheck.pBt);
  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;
  sCheck.mallocFailed = 0;



  *pnErr = 0;
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }

  sCheck.aPgRef = sqlite3MallocZero((sCheck.nPage / 8)+ 1);
................................................................................
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */

  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");


  /* Check all the tables.
  */
  for(i=0; (int)i<nRoot && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
    if( aRoot[i]==0 ) continue;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && aRoot[i]>1 ){
      checkPtrmap(&sCheck, aRoot[i], PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0, 0);
    }
#endif

    checkTreePage(&sCheck, aRoot[i], "List of tree roots: ", NULL, NULL);

  }

  /* Make sure every page in the file is referenced
  */
  for(i=1; i<=sCheck.nPage && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)==0 ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, "Page %d is never used", i);
    }
#else
    /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, make sure no tables contain
    ** references to pointer-map pages.
    */
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)==0 && 
       (PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, i)!=i || !pBt->autoVacuum) ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, "Page %d is never used", i);
    }
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)!=0 && 
       (PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, i)==i && pBt->autoVacuum) ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, "Pointer map page %d is referenced", i);
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages.
  ** This is an internal consistency check; an integrity check
  ** of the integrity check.
  */
  if( NEVER(nRef != sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)) ){
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }

  /* Save the positions of all other cursors open on this table. This is
  ** required in case any of them are holding references to an xFetch
  ** version of the b-tree page modified by the accessPayload call below.
  **
  ** Note that pCsr must be open on a BTREE_INTKEY table and saveCursorPosition()
  ** and hence saveAllCursors() cannot fail on a BTREE_INTKEY table, hence
  ** saveAllCursors can only return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) saveAllCursors(pCsr->pBt, pCsr->pgnoRoot, pCsr);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  /* Check some assumptions: 







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489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
...
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
...
972
973
974
975
976
977
978



979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004

1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
....
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046


1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
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1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079

1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095


1096

1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109


1110
1111





1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
....
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134

1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
....
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
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1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
....
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
....
1448
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1455
1456
1457
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1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
....
2650
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2657
2658
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2661

2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
....
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
....
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
....
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047

4048
4049
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4051
4052
4053
4054
4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062

4063

4064
4065
4066
4067

4068

4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
....
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
....
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
....
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
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4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
....
4984
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
....
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
5013
5014

5015
5016
5017
5018
5019
5020
5021
5022
....
5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
....
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
....
5545
5546
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5556
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5567
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5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
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5575
5576
5577
....
5647
5648
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653

5654
5655
5656
5657
5658
5659
5660
5661
5662
5663
5664


5665
5666
5667

5668
5669
5670
5671




5672
5673

5674
5675
5676
5677
5678
5679
5680
5681
5682
5683
5684
5685
5686
5687
5688
5689
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5733
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5735
5736
5737
....
6431
6432
6433
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6435
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6439
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6441
6442
6443
6444
6445
....
7007
7008
7009
7010
7011
7012
7013
7014
7015
7016
7017
7018
7019
7020
7021
....
7126
7127
7128
7129
7130
7131
7132
7133
7134
7135
7136
7137
7138
7139
7140
7141
....
7160
7161
7162
7163
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7165
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7167
7168
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7171
7172
7173
7174
7175
....
7180
7181
7182
7183
7184
7185
7186

7187

7188
7189
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7191
7192
7193
7194
7195
....
7198
7199
7200
7201
7202
7203
7204

7205
7206
7207
7208
7209
7210
7211
7212
....
7260
7261
7262
7263
7264
7265
7266
7267
7268
7269
7270
7271
7272
7273
7274
....
7309
7310
7311
7312
7313
7314
7315
7316
7317
7318
7319
7320
7321
7322
7323
7324
....
7327
7328
7329
7330
7331
7332
7333


7334

7335
7336
7337
7338
7339
7340
7341
7342
....
7540
7541
7542
7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
7551
7552
7553
7554
....
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
7565
7566
7567
7568
7569
7570
....
7902
7903
7904
7905
7906
7907
7908

7909
7910
7911
7912
7913
7914
7915
7916
7917
7918
7919
7920
7921
7922
7923
7924
7925
7926
7927
7928
7929
7930
....
7954
7955
7956
7957
7958
7959
7960
7961
7962
7963
7964
7965
7966
7967
7968
7969
7970
7971
7972
7973
7974
7975
....
7978
7979
7980
7981
7982
7983
7984
7985

7986
7987
7988
7989
7990
7991
7992
7993
7994
7995
7996
7997
7998
7999
8000
8001
8002
8003
8004
8005
8006
....
8007
8008
8009
8010
8011
8012
8013
8014

8015
8016
8017
8018
8019
8020
8021
8022
8023
8024
8025
8026
8027
8028
8029
8030
8031
8032
8033
8034
8035
8036
8037
8038
8039
8040
8041
8042
8043
8044
8045
8046
8047
8048
8049
8050
8051
8052
8053
8054
8055
8056
8057
8058
8059
8060
8061
8062
8063
8064
8065
8066
8067
8068
8069
8070
8071
8072
8073
....
8091
8092
8093
8094
8095
8096
8097

8098
8099
8100
8101
8102
8103
8104
8105
8106
8107

8108
8109
8110
8111
8112
8113
8114
8115
8116
8117
8118
8119
8120
8121
8122
8123
8124
8125

8126
8127
8128
8129
8130
8131
8132
8133
8134
8135
8136
8137
8138
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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8624
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0
     && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow)
    ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
................................................................................

/* This helper routine to saveAllCursors does the actual work of saving
** the cursors if and when a cursor is found that actually requires saving.
** The common case is that no cursors need to be saved, so this routine is
** broken out from its caller to avoid unnecessary stack pointer movement.
*/
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(
  BtCursor *p,         /* The first cursor that needs saving */
  Pgno iRoot,          /* Only save cursor with this iRoot. Save all if zero */
  BtCursor *pExcept    /* Do not save this cursor */
){
  do{
    if( p!=pExcept && (0==iRoot || p->pgnoRoot==iRoot) ){
      if( p->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
        int rc = saveCursorPosition(p);
        if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
          return rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  btreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and btreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.



*/
static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==0 );
    pIter = pCell + getVarint32(pCell, nPayload);
    pIter += getVarint(pIter, (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
  }else if( pPage->noPayload ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    pInfo->nSize = 4 + getVarint(&pCell[4], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
    pInfo->nPayload = 0;
    pInfo->nLocal = 0;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    pInfo->pPayload = 0;
    return;
  }else{
    pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nPayload);

    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  }
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
................................................................................
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(&pInfo->pPayload[pInfo->nLocal] - pCell);
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}


static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell), pInfo);
}

/*
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;                                /* End mark for a varint */
  u32 nSize;                               /* Size value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  if( pPage->noPayload ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    return (u16)(pIter - pCell);

  }
  nSize = *pIter;
  if( nSize>=0x80 ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    nSize &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nSize = (nSize<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    /* pIter now points at the 64-bit integer key value, a variable length 
    ** integer. The following block moves pIter to point at the first byte
    ** past the end of the key value. */
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );


  }

  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nSize<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    nSize += (u32)(pIter - pCell);
    if( nSize<4 ) nSize = 4;
  }else{
    int minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    nSize = minLocal + (nSize - minLocal) % (pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
    if( nSize>pPage->maxLocal ){
      nSize = minLocal;
    }


    nSize += 4 + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }





  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)nSize;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
................................................................................
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);

  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
** Note that even though the freeblock list was checked by btreeInitPage(),
** that routine will not detect overlap between cells or freeblocks.  Nor
** does it detect cells or freeblocks that encrouch into the reserved bytes
** at the end of the page.  So do additional corruption checks inside this
** routine and return SQLITE_CORRUPT if any problems are found.
*/
static int freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, u16 iStart, u16 iSize){
  u16 iPtr;                             /* Address of ptr to next freeblock */
  u16 iFreeBlk;                         /* Address of the next freeblock */
  u8 hdr;                               /* Page header size.  0 or 100 */
  u8 nFrag = 0;                         /* Reduction in fragmentation */
  u16 iOrigSize = iSize;                /* Original value of iSize */
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */
................................................................................
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
    ** pointer in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be
    ** coalesced onto the end of iPtr.
    */
    if( iPtr>hdr+1 ){
      int iPtrEnd = iPtr + get2byte(&data[iPtr+2]);
      if( iPtrEnd+3>=iStart ){
        if( iPtrEnd>iStart ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        nFrag += iStart - iPtrEnd;
        iSize = iEnd - iPtr;
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->noPayload = !pPage->leaf;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPage->max1bytePayload = pBt->max1bytePayload;
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
**
** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( countValidCursors(pBt,0)==0 || pBt->inTransaction>TRANS_NONE );
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
    assert( pPage1->aData );
    assert( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)==1 );
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    releasePage(pPage1);

  }
}

/*
** If pBt points to an empty file then convert that empty file
** into a new empty database by initializing the first page of
** the database.
................................................................................
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 && pBt->pPage1->aData );

  if( NEVER(wrFlag && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0) ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  if( wrFlag ){
    allocateTempSpace(pBt);
    if( pBt->pTmpSpace==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( iTable==1 && btreePagecount(pBt)==0 ){
    assert( wrFlag==0 );
    iTable = 0;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables and link the cursor into the BtShared list.  */
................................................................................
** Failure is not possible.  This function always returns SQLITE_OK.
** It might just as well be a procedure (returning void) but we continue
** to return an integer result code for historical reasons.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pSize){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->intKeyLeaf==1 );
  getCellInfo(pCur);
  *pSize = pCur->info.nPayload;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Given the page number of an overflow page in the database (parameter
** ovfl), this function finds the page number of the next page in the 
** linked list of overflow pages. If possible, it uses the auto-vacuum
................................................................................
  u32 offset,          /* Begin reading this far into payload */
  u32 amt,             /* Read this many bytes */
  unsigned char *pBuf, /* Write the bytes into this buffer */ 
  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;                  /* Btree this cursor belongs to */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  int bEnd;                                 /* True if reading to end of data */
#endif

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( eOp!=2 || offset==0 );    /* Always start from beginning for eOp==2 */

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pPayload;

#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ

  bEnd = offset+amt==pCur->info.nPayload;
#endif
  assert( offset+amt <= pCur->info.nPayload );


  if( &aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal] > &pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize] ){

    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
    */
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)!=0
     && pCur->aOverflow[offset/ovflSize]
    ){
      iIdx = (offset/ovflSize);
      nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx];
      offset = (offset%ovflSize);
    }

    for( ; rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 && nextPage; iIdx++){

................................................................................
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  *pAmt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  return (void*)pCur->info.pPayload;
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
** b-tree page.  Write the number of available bytes into *pAmt.
................................................................................
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey<intKey ){
          lwr = idx+1;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
**
** The main entry point is sqlite3BtreePrevious().  That routine is optimized
** for the common case of merely decrementing the cell counter BtCursor.aiIdx
** to the previous cell on the current page.  The (slower) btreePrevious()
** helper routine is called when it is necessary to move to a different page
** or to restore the cursor.
**
** The calling function will set *pRes to 0 or 1.  The initial *pRes value
** will be 1 if the cursor being stepped corresponds to an SQL index and
** if this routine could have been skipped if that SQL index had been
** a unique index.  Otherwise the caller will have set *pRes to zero.
** Zero is the common case. The btree implementation is free to use the
** initial *pRes value as a hint to improve performance, but the current
................................................................................
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & (BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidOvfl|BTCF_ValidNKey))==0 );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize==0 );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){

    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc ) goto end_allocate_page;
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          noContent = !btreeGetHasContent(pBt, *pPgno)? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT : 0;
          rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, noContent);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
................................................................................
    **
    ** Note that the pager will not actually attempt to load or journal 
    ** content for any page that really does lie past the end of the database
    ** file on disk. So the effects of disabling the no-content optimization
    ** here are confined to those pages that lie between the end of the
    ** database image and the end of the database file.
    */
    int bNoContent = (0==IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate))? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT:0;

    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pBt->nPage++;
    if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ) pBt->nPage++;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
static void freePage(MemPage *pPage, int *pRC){
  if( (*pRC)==SQLITE_OK ){
    *pRC = freePage2(pPage->pBt, pPage, pPage->pgno);
  }
}

/*
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.  Write the
** local Cell size (the number of bytes on the original page, omitting
** overflow) into *pnSize.
*/
static int clearCell(
  MemPage *pPage,          /* The page that contains the Cell */
  unsigned char *pCell,    /* First byte of the Cell */
  u16 *pnSize              /* Write the size of the Cell here */
){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pOvfl = 0;
  MemPage *pToRelease = 0;
  unsigned char *pPrior;
  unsigned char *pPayload;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  Pgno pgnoOvfl = 0;
  int nHeader;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* pPage is not necessarily writeable since pCell might be auxiliary
  ** buffer space that is separate from the pPage buffer area */
  assert( pCell<pPage->aData || pCell>=&pPage->aData[pBt->pageSize]
            || sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Fill in the header. */
  nHeader = pPage->childPtrSize;
  nPayload = nData + nZero;


  if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nPayload);
  }else{

    assert( nData==0 );
    assert( nZero==0 );
  }
  nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&nKey);




  
  /* Fill in the payload size */

  if( pPage->intKey ){
    pSrc = pData;
    nSrc = nData;
    nData = 0;
  }else{ 
    if( NEVER(nKey>0x7fffffff || pKey==0) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    nPayload = (int)nKey;
    pSrc = pKey;
    nSrc = (int)nKey;
  }
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    n = nHeader + nPayload;
    testcase( n==3 );
    testcase( n==4 );
    if( n<4 ) n = 4;
    *pnSize = n;
    spaceLeft = nPayload;
    pPrior = pCell;
  }else{
    int mn = pPage->minLocal;
    n = mn + (nPayload - mn) % (pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( n==pPage->maxLocal );
    testcase( n==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
    if( n > pPage->maxLocal ) n = mn;
    spaceLeft = n;
    *pnSize = n + nHeader + 4;
    pPrior = &pCell[nHeader+n];
  }
  pPayload = &pCell[nHeader];

  /* At this point variables should be set as follows:
  **
  **   nPayload           Total payload size in bytes
  **   pPayload           Begin writing payload here
  **   spaceLeft          Space available at pPayload.  If nPayload>spaceLeft,
  **                      that means content must spill into overflow pages.
  **   *pnSize            Size of the local cell (not counting overflow pages)
  **   pPrior             Where to write the pgno of the first overflow page
  **
  ** Use a call to btreeParseCellPtr() to verify that the values above
  ** were computed correctly.
  */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  {
    CellInfo info;
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    assert( nHeader=(int)(info.pPayload - pCell) );
    assert( info.nKey==nKey );
    assert( *pnSize == info.nSize );
    assert( spaceLeft == info.nLocal );
    assert( pPrior == &pCell[info.iOverflow] );
  }
#endif

  /* Write the payload into the local Cell and any extra into overflow pages */
  while( nPayload>0 ){
    if( spaceLeft==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      Pgno pgnoPtrmap = pgnoOvfl; /* Overflow page pointer-map entry page */
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        do{
          pgnoOvfl++;
................................................................................
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    
    /* Before doing anything else, take a copy of the i'th original sibling
    ** The rest of this function will use data from the copies rather
    ** that the original pages since the original pages will be in the
    ** process of being overwritten.  */
................................................................................
    }else{
      MemPage * const pParent = pCur->apPage[iPage-1];
      int const iIdx = pCur->aiIdx[iPage-1];

      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
        if( pPage->intKeyLeaf
         && pPage->nOverflow==1
         && pPage->aiOvfl[0]==pPage->nCell
         && pParent->pgno!=1
         && pParent->nCell==iIdx
        ){
          /* Call balance_quick() to create a new sibling of pPage on which
          ** to store the overflow cell. balance_quick() inserts a new cell
................................................................................

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
    return pCur->skipNext;
  }

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)!=0
              && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE
              && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );

  /* Assert that the caller has been consistent. If this cursor was opened
  ** expecting an index b-tree, then the caller should be inserting blob
  ** keys with no associated data. If the cursor was opened expecting an
  ** intkey table, the caller should be inserting integer keys with a
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && nKey>0
      && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }
  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );

  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );

  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;

  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }

    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell, &szOld);
    dropCell(pPage, idx, szOld, &rc);
    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
................................................................................
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;              
  int rc;                              /* Return code */
  MemPage *pPage;                      /* Page to delete cell from */
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 
  u16 szCell;                          /* Size of the cell being deleted */

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );
................................................................................
  ** invalidate any incrblob cursors open on the row being deleted.  */
  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pCur->info.nKey, 0);
  }

  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &szCell);
  dropCell(pPage, iCellIdx, szCell, &rc);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* If the cell deleted was not located on a leaf page, then the cursor
  ** is currently pointing to the largest entry in the sub-tree headed
  ** by the child-page of the cell that was just deleted from an internal
  ** node. The cell from the leaf node needs to be moved to the internal
  ** node to replace the deleted cell.  */
................................................................................
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    nCell = cellSizePtr(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );


    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;

    assert( pTmp!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  /* Balance the tree. If the entry deleted was located on a leaf page,
................................................................................
  int *pnChange            /* Add number of Cells freed to this counter */
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;
  int hdr;
  u16 szCell;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0);
................................................................................
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pnChange);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell, &szCell);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[hdr+8]), 1, pnChange);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }else if( pnChange ){
    assert( pPage->intKey );
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** Append a message to the error message string.
*/
static void checkAppendMsg(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,

  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;
  char zBuf[200];
  if( !pCheck->mxErr ) return;
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( pCheck->zPfx ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, pCheck->zPfx, pCheck->v1, pCheck->v2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&pCheck->errMsg, zBuf);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
** Add 1 to the reference count for page iPage.  If this is the second
** reference to the page, add an error message to pCheck->zErrMsg.
** Return 1 if there are 2 or more references to the page and 0 if
** if this is the first reference to the page.
**
** Also check that the page number is in bounds.
*/
static int checkRef(IntegrityCk *pCheck, Pgno iPage){
  if( iPage==0 ) return 1;
  if( iPage>pCheck->nPage ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, "invalid page number %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
  if( getPageReferenced(pCheck, iPage) ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, "2nd reference to page %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
  setPageReferenced(pCheck, iPage);
  return 0;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
** page iParent, pointer type ptrType. If not, append an error message
** to pCheck.
*/
static void checkPtrmap(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,   /* Integrity check context */
  Pgno iChild,           /* Child page number */
  u8 eType,              /* Expected pointer map type */
  Pgno iParent           /* Expected pointer map parent page number */

){
  int rc;
  u8 ePtrmapType;
  Pgno iPtrmapParent;

  rc = ptrmapGet(pCheck->pBt, iChild, &ePtrmapType, &iPtrmapParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ) pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, "Failed to read ptrmap key=%d", iChild);
    return;
  }

  if( ePtrmapType!=eType || iPtrmapParent!=iParent ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
      "Bad ptr map entry key=%d expected=(%d,%d) got=(%d,%d)", 
      iChild, eType, iParent, ePtrmapType, iPtrmapParent);
  }
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** Check the integrity of the freelist or of an overflow page list.
** Verify that the number of pages on the list is N.
*/
static void checkList(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,  /* Integrity checking context */
  int isFreeList,       /* True for a freelist.  False for overflow page list */
  int iPage,            /* Page number for first page in the list */
  int N                 /* Expected number of pages in the list */

){
  int i;
  int expected = N;
  int iFirst = iPage;
  while( N-- > 0 && pCheck->mxErr ){
    DbPage *pOvflPage;
    unsigned char *pOvflData;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
         "%d of %d pages missing from overflow list starting at %d",
          N+1, expected, iFirst);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage) ) break;
    if( sqlite3PagerGet(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, &pOvflPage) ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      break;
    }
    pOvflData = (unsigned char *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pOvflPage);
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
      }
#endif
      if( n>(int)pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-2 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
          if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
            checkPtrmap(pCheck, iFreePage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
          }
#endif
          checkRef(pCheck, iFreePage);
        }
        N -= n;
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    else{
      /* If this database supports auto-vacuum and iPage is not the last
      ** page in this overflow list, check that the pointer-map entry for
      ** the following page matches iPage.
      */
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum && N>0 ){
        i = get4byte(pOvflData);
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, i, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iPage);
      }
    }
#endif
    iPage = get4byte(pOvflData);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pOvflPage);
  }
}
................................................................................
**      7.  Verify that the depth of all children is the same.
**      8.  Make sure this page is at least 33% full or else it is
**          the root of the tree.
*/
static int checkTreePage(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,  /* Context for the sanity check */
  int iPage,            /* Page number of the page to check */

  i64 *pnParentMinKey, 
  i64 *pnParentMaxKey
){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int i, rc, depth, d2, pgno, cnt;
  int hdr, cellStart;
  int nCell;
  u8 *data;
  BtShared *pBt;
  int usableSize;

  char *hit = 0;
  i64 nMinKey = 0;
  i64 nMaxKey = 0;
  const char *saved_zPfx = pCheck->zPfx;
  int saved_v1 = pCheck->v1;
  int saved_v2 = pCheck->v2;

  /* Check that the page exists
  */
  pBt = pCheck->pBt;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  if( iPage==0 ) return 0;
  if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage) ) return 0;
  pCheck->zPfx = "Page %d: ";
  pCheck->v1 = iPage;
  if( (rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iPage, &pPage, 0))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
       "unable to get the page. error code=%d", rc);

    depth = -1;
    goto end_of_check;
  }

  /* Clear MemPage.isInit to make sure the corruption detection code in
  ** btreeInitPage() is executed.  */
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  if( (rc = btreeInitPage(pPage))!=0 ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT );  /* The only possible error from InitPage */
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
                   "btreeInitPage() returns error code %d", rc);
    releasePage(pPage);
    depth = -1;
    goto end_of_check;
  }

  /* Check out all the cells.
  */
  depth = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell && pCheck->mxErr; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u32 sz;
    CellInfo info;

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */

    pCheck->zPfx = "On tree page %d cell %d: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
    pCheck->v2 = i;
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nPayload;

    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      if( i==0 ){
        nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;

      }else if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
           "Rowid %lld out of order (previous was %lld)", info.nKey, nMaxKey);
      }
      nMaxKey = info.nKey;
    }

    if( (sz>info.nLocal) 
     && (&pCell[info.iOverflow]<=&pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize])
    ){
      int nPage = (sz - info.nLocal + usableSize - 5)/(usableSize - 4);
      Pgno pgnoOvfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgnoOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, iPage);
      }
#endif
      checkList(pCheck, 0, pgnoOvfl, nPage);
    }

    /* Check sanity of left child page.
    */
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      pgno = get4byte(pCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage);
      }
#endif
      d2 = checkTreePage(pCheck, pgno, &nMinKey, i==0?NULL:&nMaxKey);
      if( i>0 && d2!=depth ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, "Child page depth differs");
      }
      depth = d2;
    }
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);

    pCheck->zPfx = "On page %d at right child: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage);
    }
#endif
    checkTreePage(pCheck, pgno, NULL, !pPage->nCell?NULL:&nMaxKey);
  }
 
  /* For intKey leaf pages, check that the min/max keys are in order
  ** with any left/parent/right pages.
  */
  pCheck->zPfx = "Page %d: ";
  pCheck->v1 = iPage;
  if( pPage->leaf && pPage->intKey ){
    /* if we are a left child page */
    if( pnParentMinKey ){
      /* if we are the left most child page */
      if( !pnParentMaxKey ){
        if( nMaxKey > *pnParentMinKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
              "Rowid %lld out of order (max larger than parent min of %lld)",
              nMaxKey, *pnParentMinKey);
        }
      }else{
        if( nMinKey <= *pnParentMinKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
              "Rowid %lld out of order (min less than parent min of %lld)",
              nMinKey, *pnParentMinKey);
        }
        if( nMaxKey > *pnParentMaxKey ){
          checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
              "Rowid %lld out of order (max larger than parent max of %lld)",
              nMaxKey, *pnParentMaxKey);
        }
        *pnParentMinKey = nMaxKey;
      }
    /* else if we're a right child page */
    } else if( pnParentMaxKey ){
      if( nMinKey <= *pnParentMaxKey ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Rowid %lld out of order (min less than parent max of %lld)",
            nMinKey, *pnParentMaxKey);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check for complete coverage of the page
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );
  pCheck->zPfx = 0;
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    int contentOffset = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);
................................................................................
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    while( i>0 ){
................................................................................
      assert( j<=usableSize-4 );   /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      i = j;
    }
    for(i=cnt=0; i<usableSize; i++){
      if( hit[i]==0 ){
        cnt++;
      }else if( hit[i]>1 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Multiple uses for byte %d of page %d", i, iPage);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( cnt!=data[hdr+7] ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Fragmentation of %d bytes reported as %d on page %d",
          cnt, data[hdr+7], iPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PageFree(hit);
  releasePage(pPage);

end_of_check:
  pCheck->zPfx = saved_zPfx;
  pCheck->v1 = saved_v1;
  pCheck->v2 = saved_v2;
  return depth+1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** This routine does a complete check of the given BTree file.  aRoot[] is
................................................................................
  nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager);
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = btreePagecount(sCheck.pBt);
  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;
  sCheck.mallocFailed = 0;
  sCheck.zPfx = 0;
  sCheck.v1 = 0;
  sCheck.v2 = 0;
  *pnErr = 0;
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }

  sCheck.aPgRef = sqlite3MallocZero((sCheck.nPage / 8)+ 1);
................................................................................
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  sCheck.zPfx = "Main freelist: ";
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]));
  sCheck.zPfx = 0;

  /* Check all the tables.
  */
  for(i=0; (int)i<nRoot && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
    if( aRoot[i]==0 ) continue;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && aRoot[i]>1 ){
      checkPtrmap(&sCheck, aRoot[i], PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0);
    }
#endif
    sCheck.zPfx = "List of tree roots: ";
    checkTreePage(&sCheck, aRoot[i], NULL, NULL);
    sCheck.zPfx = 0;
  }

  /* Make sure every page in the file is referenced
  */
  for(i=1; i<=sCheck.nPage && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)==0 ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, "Page %d is never used", i);
    }
#else
    /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, make sure no tables contain
    ** references to pointer-map pages.
    */
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)==0 && 
       (PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, i)!=i || !pBt->autoVacuum) ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, "Page %d is never used", i);
    }
    if( getPageReferenced(&sCheck, i)!=0 && 
       (PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, i)==i && pBt->autoVacuum) ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, "Pointer map page %d is referenced", i);
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages.
  ** This is an internal consistency check; an integrity check
  ** of the integrity check.
  */
  if( NEVER(nRef != sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)) ){
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck,
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }

  /* Save the positions of all other cursors open on this table. This is
  ** required in case any of them are holding references to an xFetch
  ** version of the b-tree page modified by the accessPayload call below.
  **
  ** Note that pCsr must be open on a INTKEY table and saveCursorPosition()
  ** and hence saveAllCursors() cannot fail on a BTREE_INTKEY table, hence
  ** saveAllCursors can only return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) saveAllCursors(pCsr->pBt, pCsr->pgnoRoot, pCsr);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  /* Check some assumptions: 

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

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**
** Access to all fields of this structure is controlled by the mutex
** stored in MemPage.pBt->mutex.
*/
struct MemPage {
  u8 isInit;           /* True if previously initialized. MUST BE FIRST! */
  u8 nOverflow;        /* Number of overflow cell bodies in aCell[] */
  u8 intKey;           /* True if intkey flag is set */


  u8 leaf;             /* True if leaf flag is set */
  u8 hasData;          /* True if this page stores data */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u8 max1bytePayload;  /* min(maxLocal,127) */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
................................................................................
/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;
struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or number of bytes in key */
  u8 *pCell;     /* Pointer to the start of cell content */
  u32 nData;     /* Number of bytes of data */
  u32 nPayload;  /* Total amount of payload */
  u16 nHeader;   /* Size of the cell content header in bytes */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
};

/*
** Maximum depth of an SQLite B-Tree structure. Any B-Tree deeper than
** this will be declared corrupt. This value is calculated based on a
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;    /* The tree being checked out */
  Pager *pPager;    /* The associated pager.  Also accessible by pBt->pPager */
  u8 *aPgRef;       /* 1 bit per page in the db (see above) */
  Pgno nPage;       /* Number of pages in the database */
  int mxErr;        /* Stop accumulating errors when this reaches zero */
  int nErr;         /* Number of messages written to zErrMsg so far */
  int mallocFailed; /* A memory allocation error has occurred */


  StrAccum errMsg;  /* Accumulate the error message text here */
};

/*
** Routines to read or write a two- and four-byte big-endian integer values.
*/
#define get2byte(x)   ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#define put2byte(p,v) ((p)[0] = (u8)((v)>>8), (p)[1] = (u8)(v))
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte







|
>
>
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<







 







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|







 







>
>










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**
** Access to all fields of this structure is controlled by the mutex
** stored in MemPage.pBt->mutex.
*/
struct MemPage {
  u8 isInit;           /* True if previously initialized. MUST BE FIRST! */
  u8 nOverflow;        /* Number of overflow cell bodies in aCell[] */
  u8 intKey;           /* True if table b-trees.  False for index b-trees */
  u8 intKeyLeaf;       /* True if the leaf of an intKey table */
  u8 noPayload;        /* True if internal intKey page (thus w/o data) */
  u8 leaf;             /* True if a leaf page */

  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u8 max1bytePayload;  /* min(maxLocal,127) */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
................................................................................
/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;
struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or nPayload otherwise */
  u8 *pPayload;  /* Pointer to the start of payload */

  u32 nPayload;  /* Bytes of payload */

  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally, not on overflow */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
};

/*
** Maximum depth of an SQLite B-Tree structure. Any B-Tree deeper than
** this will be declared corrupt. This value is calculated based on a
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;    /* The tree being checked out */
  Pager *pPager;    /* The associated pager.  Also accessible by pBt->pPager */
  u8 *aPgRef;       /* 1 bit per page in the db (see above) */
  Pgno nPage;       /* Number of pages in the database */
  int mxErr;        /* Stop accumulating errors when this reaches zero */
  int nErr;         /* Number of messages written to zErrMsg so far */
  int mallocFailed; /* A memory allocation error has occurred */
  const char *zPfx; /* Error message prefix */
  int v1, v2;       /* Values for up to two %d fields in zPfx */
  StrAccum errMsg;  /* Accumulate the error message text here */
};

/*
** Routines to read or write a two- and four-byte big-endian integer values.
*/
#define get2byte(x)   ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#define put2byte(p,v) ((p)[0] = (u8)((v)>>8), (p)[1] = (u8)(v))
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte

Changes to src/build.c.

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void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse *pParse, ExprSpan *pSpan){
  Table *p;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pSpan->pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory. The 'span' of the expression
      ** is required by pragma table_info.
      */







|







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void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse *pParse, ExprSpan *pSpan){
  Table *p;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pSpan->pExpr, db->init.busy) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
    }else{
      /* A copy of pExpr is used instead of the original, as pExpr contains
      ** tokens that point to volatile memory. The 'span' of the expression
      ** is required by pragma table_info.
      */

Changes to src/ctime.c.

391
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393
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395
396
397
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400
401
402
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405
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0
     && sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)azCompileOpt[i][n]]==0
    ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}








|







391
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401
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  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0
     && sqlite3IsIdChar((unsigned char)azCompileOpt[i][n])==0
    ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

Changes to src/expr.c.

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....
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3441

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3448
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3486
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3492
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
** to an integer.  These routines are checking an expression to see
** if it is a constant.  Set *Walker.u.pi to 0 if the expression is
** not constant.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()
**








*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->u.i==2 or the function as the SQLITE_FUNC_CONST
    ** flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->u.i==2 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      pWalker->u.i = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;













    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
................................................................................
/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p){

  return exprIsConst(p, 2);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe *pOut, Expr *pExpr){
  int op;                   /* The opcode being coded */
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */

  if( pExpr==0 ){
    op = TK_NULL;
  }else{
    op = pExpr->op;
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG{%d:%d}",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "COLUMN(%d)", pExpr->iColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "{%d:%d}",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                           pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);





      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,".COLLATE(%s)",pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "FUNCTION:%s(", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pFarg);
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "EXISTS(");
      sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "(");
      sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "IN(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pExpr->x.pList);

      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
................................................................................
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "BETWEEN(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pX);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pY);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pZ);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CASE(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pExpr->x.pList);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "RAISE-%s(%s)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif



  }

  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s(", zBinOp);
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,",");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pRight);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");


  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s(", zUniOp);
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");

  }

}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN) */


#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainExprList(Vdbe *pOut, ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 || pList->nExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "(empty-list)");
    return;
  }else if( pList->nExpr==1 ){
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[0].pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
      if( pList->a[i].zName ){


        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }

}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**







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  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
** to an integer.  These routines are checking an expression to see
** if it is a constant.  Set *Walker.u.i to 0 if the expression is
** not constant.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->u.i==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->u.i==2
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->u.i==3 or 4
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.u.i value is 4 when parsing
** an existing schema and 3 when processing a new statement.  A bound
** parameter raises an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->u.i==3 or 4 or the function as the SQLITE_FUNC_CONST
    ** flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->u.i>=3 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      pWalker->u.i = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->u.i==4 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->u.i==3 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->u.i = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
................................................................................
/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p, u8 isInit){
  assert( isInit==0 || isInit==1 );
  return exprIsConst(p, 3+isInit);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){

  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "nil");
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    return;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG{%d:%d}",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLUMN(%d)", pExpr->iColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "{%d:%d}",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"CAST %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);









      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLLATE %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FUNCTION %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pFarg, 0, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "EXISTS-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);

      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);

      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "IN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{

        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
................................................................................
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "BETWEEN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pX, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pY, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pZ, 0);



      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "CASE");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);

      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "RAISE %s(%Q)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "op=%d", pExpr->op);
      break;
    }
  }
  if( zBinOp ){




    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zBinOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pRight, 0);
  }else if( zUniOp ){


    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zUniOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */


#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(
  TreeView *pView,
  const ExprList *pList,
  u8 moreToFollow,
  const char *zLabel
){
  int i;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
#if 0
     if( pList->a[i].zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
#endif

    }
  }


  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**

Changes to src/func.c.

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#include <assert.h>
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Return the collating function associated with a function.
*/
static CollSeq *sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq(sqlite3_context *context){
  return context->pColl;



}

/*
** Indicate that the accumulator load should be skipped on this
** iteration of the aggregate loop.
*/
static void sqlite3SkipAccumulatorLoad(sqlite3_context *context){
................................................................................
/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]

#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }

#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*
** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string can
** potentially be a "glob" expression.  Return true (1) if they
** are the same and false (0) if they are different.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
................................................................................
**
** With the [...] and [^...] matching, a ']' character can be included
** in the list by making it the first character after '[' or '^'.  A
** range of characters can be specified using '-'.  Example:
** "[a-z]" matches any single lower-case letter.  To match a '-', make
** it the last character in the list.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
**
** Hints: to match '*' or '?', put them in "[]".  Like this:
**
**         abc[*]xyz        Matches "abc*xyz" only







*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
  u32 esc                          /* The escape character */
){
  u32 c, c2;
  int invert;
  int seen;
  u8 matchOne = pInfo->matchOne;
  u8 matchAll = pInfo->matchAll;
  u8 matchSet = pInfo->matchSet;

  u8 noCase = pInfo->noCase; 


  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was 'escape' */






  while( (c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll && !prevEscape ){



      while( (c=sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern)) == matchAll
               || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;
      }else if( c==esc ){

        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }else if( c==matchSet ){
        assert( esc==0 );         /* This is GLOB, not LIKE */
        assert( matchSet<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */

        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){













        if( noCase ){
          GlobUpperToLower(c2);
          GlobUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){

            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlobUpperToLower(c2);


          }




        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);


          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
        if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
      }
      return 0;
    }else if( c==matchOne && !prevEscape ){

      if( sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( c==matchSet ){


      u32 prior_c = 0;
      assert( esc==0 );    /* This only occurs for GLOB, not LIKE */
      seen = 0;
      invert = 0;
      c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( c==0 ) return 0;
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
      if( c2=='^' ){
        invert = 1;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
      }
      if( c2==']' ){
        if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
      }
      while( c2 && c2!=']' ){
        if( c2=='-' && zPattern[0]!=']' && zPattern[0]!=0 && prior_c>0 ){
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c>=prior_c && c<=c2 ) seen = 1;
          prior_c = 0;
        }else{
          if( c==c2 ){
            seen = 1;
          }
          prior_c = c2;
        }
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
      }
      if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlobUpperToLower(c);
        GlobUpperToLower(c2);

      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;




    }


  }
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.
*/







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#include <assert.h>
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Return the collating function associated with a function.
*/
static CollSeq *sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq(sqlite3_context *context){
  VdbeOp *pOp = &context->pVdbe->aOp[context->iOp-1];
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_CollSeq );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
  return pOp->p4.pColl;
}

/*
** Indicate that the accumulator load should be skipped on this
** iteration of the aggregate loop.
*/
static void sqlite3SkipAccumulatorLoad(sqlite3_context *context){
................................................................................
/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)        (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       if( A<=0x7f ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*
** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string can
** potentially be a "glob" or "like" expression.  Return true (1) if they
** are the same and false (0) if they are different.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
................................................................................
**
** With the [...] and [^...] matching, a ']' character can be included
** in the list by making it the first character after '[' or '^'.  A
** range of characters can be specified using '-'.  Example:
** "[a-z]" matches any single lower-case letter.  To match a '-', make
** it the last character in the list.
**
** Like matching rules:
** 
**      '%'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters
**
***     '_'       Matches any one character
**
**      Ec        Where E is the "esc" character and c is any other
**                character, including '%', '_', and esc, match exactly c.
**
** The comments through this routine usually assume glob matching.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
  u32 esc                          /* The escape character */
){
  u32 c, c2;                       /* Next pattern and input string chars */


  u32 matchOne = pInfo->matchOne;  /* "?" or "_" */
  u32 matchAll = pInfo->matchAll;  /* "*" or "%" */

  u32 matchOther;                  /* "[" or the escape character */
  u8 noCase = pInfo->noCase;       /* True if uppercase==lowercase */
  const u8 *zEscaped = 0;          /* One past the last escaped input char */
  
  /* The GLOB operator does not have an ESCAPE clause.  And LIKE does not
  ** have the matchSet operator.  So we either have to look for one or
  ** the other, never both.  Hence the single variable matchOther is used
  ** to store the one we have to look for.
  */
  matchOther = esc ? esc : pInfo->matchSet;

  while( (c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern)) == matchAll
               || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( esc ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return 0;

        }else{
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString
                 && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }
          return *zString!=0;
        }

      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively contine the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;
        if( noCase ){



          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);

        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }else{

        while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }
      return 0;

    }

    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( esc ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;


        zEscaped = zPattern;
      }else{
        u32 prior_c = 0;

        int seen = 0;
        int invert = 0;
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c2=='^' ){
          invert = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==']' ){
          if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        while( c2 && c2!=']' ){
          if( c2=='-' && zPattern[0]!=']' && zPattern[0]!=0 && prior_c>0 ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
            if( c>=prior_c && c<=c2 ) seen = 1;
            prior_c = 0;
          }else{
            if( c==c2 ){
              seen = 1;
            }
            prior_c = c2;
          }
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }







        continue;
      }


    }

    c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.
*/

Changes to src/main.c.

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    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT,
    **                        sqlite3_stmt*,const char**);
    **
    ** If compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN, each sqlite3_stmt holds
    ** a string that describes the optimized parse tree.  This test-control
    ** returns a pointer to that string.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT: {
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = va_arg(ap, sqlite3_stmt*);
      const char **pzRet = va_arg(ap, const char**);
      *pzRet = sqlite3VdbeExplanation((Vdbe*)pStmt);
      break;
    }
#endif

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT, int);
    **
    ** Set or clear a flag that indicates that the database file is always well-
    ** formed and never corrupt.  This flag is clear by default, indicating that
    ** database files might have arbitrary corruption.  Setting the flag during
    ** testing causes certain assert() statements in the code to be activated
    ** that demonstrat invariants on well-formed database files.







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3460
















3461
3462
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3464
3465
3466
3467
    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

















    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT, int);
    **
    ** Set or clear a flag that indicates that the database file is always well-
    ** formed and never corrupt.  This flag is clear by default, indicating that
    ** database files might have arbitrary corruption.  Setting the flag during
    ** testing causes certain assert() statements in the code to be activated
    ** that demonstrat invariants on well-formed database files.

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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**
**   *  A constant sqlite3_io_methods object call METHOD that has locking
**      methods CLOSE, LOCK, UNLOCK, CKRESLOCK.
**
**   *  An I/O method finder function called FINDER that returns a pointer
**      to the METHOD object in the previous bullet.
*/
#define IOMETHODS(FINDER, METHOD, VERSION, CLOSE, LOCK, UNLOCK, CKLOCK)      \
static const sqlite3_io_methods METHOD = {                                   \
   VERSION,                    /* iVersion */                                \
   CLOSE,                      /* xClose */                                  \
   unixRead,                   /* xRead */                                   \
   unixWrite,                  /* xWrite */                                  \
   unixTruncate,               /* xTruncate */                               \
   unixSync,                   /* xSync */                                   \
................................................................................
   unixFileSize,               /* xFileSize */                               \
   LOCK,                       /* xLock */                                   \
   UNLOCK,                     /* xUnlock */                                 \
   CKLOCK,                     /* xCheckReservedLock */                      \
   unixFileControl,            /* xFileControl */                            \
   unixSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */                             \
   unixDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCapabilities */                     \
   unixShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */                                 \
   unixShmLock,                /* xShmLock */                                \
   unixShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */                             \
   unixShmUnmap,               /* xShmUnmap */                               \
   unixFetch,                  /* xFetch */                                  \
   unixUnfetch,                /* xUnfetch */                                \
};                                                                           \
static const sqlite3_io_methods *FINDER##Impl(const char *z, unixFile *p){   \
................................................................................
IOMETHODS(
  posixIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  posixIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  3,                        /* shared memory and mmap are enabled */
  unixClose,                /* xClose method */
  unixLock,                 /* xLock method */
  unixUnlock,               /* xUnlock method */
  unixCheckReservedLock     /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
IOMETHODS(
  nolockIoFinder,           /* Finder function name */
  nolockIoMethods,          /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  2,                        /* shared memory is enabled */
  nolockClose,              /* xClose method */
  nolockLock,               /* xLock method */
  nolockUnlock,             /* xUnlock method */
  nolockCheckReservedLock   /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
IOMETHODS(
  dotlockIoFinder,          /* Finder function name */
  dotlockIoMethods,         /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  dotlockClose,             /* xClose method */
  dotlockLock,              /* xLock method */
  dotlockUnlock,            /* xUnlock method */
  dotlockCheckReservedLock  /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && !OS_VXWORKS
IOMETHODS(
  flockIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  flockIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  flockClose,               /* xClose method */
  flockLock,                /* xLock method */
  flockUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  flockCheckReservedLock    /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
#endif

#if OS_VXWORKS
IOMETHODS(
  semIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  semIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  semClose,                 /* xClose method */
  semLock,                  /* xLock method */
  semUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  semCheckReservedLock      /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
#endif

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
IOMETHODS(
  afpIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  afpIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  afpClose,                 /* xClose method */
  afpLock,                  /* xLock method */
  afpUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  afpCheckReservedLock      /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
#endif

/*
** The proxy locking method is a "super-method" in the sense that it
** opens secondary file descriptors for the conch and lock files and
** it uses proxy, dot-file, AFP, and flock() locking methods on those
................................................................................
IOMETHODS(
  proxyIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  proxyIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  2,                        /* shared memory is enabled */
  proxyClose,               /* xClose method */
  proxyLock,                /* xLock method */
  proxyUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  proxyCheckReservedLock    /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
#endif

/* nfs lockd on OSX 10.3+ doesn't clear write locks when a read lock is set */
#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
IOMETHODS(
  nfsIoFinder,               /* Finder function name */
  nfsIoMethods,              /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                         /* shared memory is disabled */
  unixClose,                 /* xClose method */
  unixLock,                  /* xLock method */
  nfsUnlock,                 /* xUnlock method */
  unixCheckReservedLock      /* xCheckReservedLock method */

)
#endif

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/* 
** This "finder" function attempts to determine the best locking strategy 
** for the database file "filePath".  It then returns the sqlite3_io_methods







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**
**   *  A constant sqlite3_io_methods object call METHOD that has locking
**      methods CLOSE, LOCK, UNLOCK, CKRESLOCK.
**
**   *  An I/O method finder function called FINDER that returns a pointer
**      to the METHOD object in the previous bullet.
*/
#define IOMETHODS(FINDER, METHOD, VERSION, CLOSE, LOCK, UNLOCK, CKLOCK, SHMMAP) \
static const sqlite3_io_methods METHOD = {                                   \
   VERSION,                    /* iVersion */                                \
   CLOSE,                      /* xClose */                                  \
   unixRead,                   /* xRead */                                   \
   unixWrite,                  /* xWrite */                                  \
   unixTruncate,               /* xTruncate */                               \
   unixSync,                   /* xSync */                                   \
................................................................................
   unixFileSize,               /* xFileSize */                               \
   LOCK,                       /* xLock */                                   \
   UNLOCK,                     /* xUnlock */                                 \
   CKLOCK,                     /* xCheckReservedLock */                      \
   unixFileControl,            /* xFileControl */                            \
   unixSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */                             \
   unixDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCapabilities */                     \
   SHMMAP,                     /* xShmMap */                                 \
   unixShmLock,                /* xShmLock */                                \
   unixShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */                             \
   unixShmUnmap,               /* xShmUnmap */                               \
   unixFetch,                  /* xFetch */                                  \
   unixUnfetch,                /* xUnfetch */                                \
};                                                                           \
static const sqlite3_io_methods *FINDER##Impl(const char *z, unixFile *p){   \
................................................................................
IOMETHODS(
  posixIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  posixIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  3,                        /* shared memory and mmap are enabled */
  unixClose,                /* xClose method */
  unixLock,                 /* xLock method */
  unixUnlock,               /* xUnlock method */
  unixCheckReservedLock,    /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  unixShmMap                /* xShmMap method */
)
IOMETHODS(
  nolockIoFinder,           /* Finder function name */
  nolockIoMethods,          /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  2,                        /* shared memory is enabled */
  nolockClose,              /* xClose method */
  nolockLock,               /* xLock method */
  nolockUnlock,             /* xUnlock method */
  nolockCheckReservedLock,  /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)
IOMETHODS(
  dotlockIoFinder,          /* Finder function name */
  dotlockIoMethods,         /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  dotlockClose,             /* xClose method */
  dotlockLock,              /* xLock method */
  dotlockUnlock,            /* xUnlock method */
  dotlockCheckReservedLock, /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && !OS_VXWORKS
IOMETHODS(
  flockIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  flockIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  flockClose,               /* xClose method */
  flockLock,                /* xLock method */
  flockUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  flockCheckReservedLock,   /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)
#endif

#if OS_VXWORKS
IOMETHODS(
  semIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  semIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  semClose,                 /* xClose method */
  semLock,                  /* xLock method */
  semUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  semCheckReservedLock,     /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)
#endif

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
IOMETHODS(
  afpIoFinder,              /* Finder function name */
  afpIoMethods,             /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                        /* shared memory is disabled */
  afpClose,                 /* xClose method */
  afpLock,                  /* xLock method */
  afpUnlock,                /* xUnlock method */
  afpCheckReservedLock,     /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)
#endif

/*
** The proxy locking method is a "super-method" in the sense that it
** opens secondary file descriptors for the conch and lock files and
** it uses proxy, dot-file, AFP, and flock() locking methods on those
................................................................................
IOMETHODS(
  proxyIoFinder,            /* Finder function name */
  proxyIoMethods,           /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  2,                        /* shared memory is enabled */
  proxyClose,               /* xClose method */
  proxyLock,                /* xLock method */
  proxyUnlock,              /* xUnlock method */
  proxyCheckReservedLock,   /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                         /* xShmMap method */
)
#endif

/* nfs lockd on OSX 10.3+ doesn't clear write locks when a read lock is set */
#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
IOMETHODS(
  nfsIoFinder,               /* Finder function name */
  nfsIoMethods,              /* sqlite3_io_methods object name */
  1,                         /* shared memory is disabled */
  unixClose,                 /* xClose method */
  unixLock,                  /* xLock method */
  nfsUnlock,                 /* xUnlock method */
  unixCheckReservedLock,     /* xCheckReservedLock method */
  0                          /* xShmMap method */
)
#endif

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/* 
** This "finder" function attempts to determine the best locking strategy 
** for the database file "filePath".  It then returns the sqlite3_io_methods

Changes to src/parse.y.

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%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW

//////////////////////// The SELECT statement /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= select(X).  {
  SelectDest dest = {SRT_Output, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
  sqlite3Select(pParse, X, &dest);
  sqlite3ExplainBegin(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3ExplainSelect(pParse->pVdbe, X);
  sqlite3ExplainFinish(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
}

%type select {Select*}
%destructor select {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type selectnowith {Select*}
%destructor selectnowith {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}







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402
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%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW

//////////////////////// The SELECT statement /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= select(X).  {
  SelectDest dest = {SRT_Output, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
  sqlite3Select(pParse, X, &dest);



  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
}

%type select {Select*}
%destructor select {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type selectnowith {Select*}
%destructor selectnowith {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

Changes to src/printf.c.

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  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif
































































/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().
*/
void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}







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  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*************************************************************************
** Routines for implementing the "TreeView" display of hierarchical
** data structures for debugging.
**
** The main entry points (coded elsewhere) are:
**     sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pExpr, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewExprList(0, pList, 0, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, pSelect, 0);
** Insert calls to those routines while debugging in order to display
** a diagram of Expr, ExprList, and Select objects.
**
*/
/* Add a new subitem to the tree.  The moreToFollow flag indicates that this
** is not the last item in the tree. */
TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  if( p==0 ){
    p = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*p) );
    if( p==0 ) return 0;
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  }else{
    p->iLevel++;
  }
  assert( moreToFollow==0 || moreToFollow==1 );
  if( p->iLevel<sizeof(p->bLine) ) p->bLine[p->iLevel] = moreToFollow;
  return p;
}
/* Finished with one layer of the tree */
void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  p->iLevel--;
  if( p->iLevel<0 ) sqlite3_free(p);
}
/* Generate a single line of output for the tree, with a prefix that contains
** all the appropriate tree lines */
void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  StrAccum acc;
  char zBuf[500];
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  acc.useMalloc = 0;
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|   " : "    ", 4);
    }
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|-- " : "'-- ", 4);
  }
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
/* Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label */
void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView *p, const char *zLabel, u8 moreToFollow){
  p = sqlite3TreeViewPush(p, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(p, "%s", zLabel);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().
*/
void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}

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    }
  }

  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);








  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
................................................................................
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  pParse->nSelectIndent++;
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p, ("begin processing\n"));



#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistFifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Fifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistQueue );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Queue );
  if( IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
void sqlite3PrintExpr(Expr *p);
void sqlite3PrintExprList(ExprList *pList);
void sqlite3PrintSelect(Select *p, int indent);
/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
static void explainOneSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "SELECT ");
  if( p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate) ){

    if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "DISTINCT ");
    }
    if( p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){

      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "agg_flag ");
    }

    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "   ");
  }

  sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pEList);
  sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);


  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "FROM ");
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);


    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "{%d,*} = ", pItem->iCursor);




      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3ExplainSelect(pVdbe, pItem->pSelect);

        if( pItem->pTab ){
          sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " (tabname=%s)", pItem->pTab->zName);

        }
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s", pItem->zName);

      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " LEFT-JOIN");

      }
      sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);




    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pVdbe);

  }


  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "WHERE ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);



  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "GROUPBY ");
    sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);

  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "HAVING ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);



  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "ORDERBY ");
    sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);

  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "LIMIT ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);



  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "OFFSET ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pOffset);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);



  }
}
void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
  }

  sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "END");
  sqlite3ExplainPop(pVdbe);
}


/* End of the structure debug printing code
*****************************************************************************/
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN) */







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    }
  }

  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("After flattening:\n");
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
................................................................................
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  pParse->nSelectIndent++;
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p, ("begin processing:\n"));
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistFifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Fifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistQueue );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Queue );
  if( IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
void sqlite3PrintExpr(Expr *p);
void sqlite3PrintExprList(ExprList *pList);
void sqlite3PrintSelect(Select *p, int indent);
/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),


    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : "")
  );
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;

  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;

  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;
  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;


    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];

      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){

        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){

        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){

        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){

        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }

      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }

      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){



    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){



    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){



    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){



    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){



    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){



    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }


  if( p->pPrior ){




    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;

    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

Changes to src/shell.c.

1349
1350
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            fprintf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
      }

      /* Output TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN text of requested */
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
        }
      }

      /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
      ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we







<
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<
<
<
<
<
<







1349
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1356
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            fprintf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
      }










      /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
      ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224
6225
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    24








|







6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224
6225
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    24

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

465
466
467
468
469
470
471





472
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...
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....
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2245
....
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....
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....
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3005
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....
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....
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3297
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3299
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3301
3302
3303
3304
3305

/*
** Macros to compute minimum and maximum of two numbers.
*/
#define MIN(A,B) ((A)<(B)?(A):(B))
#define MAX(A,B) ((A)>(B)?(A):(B))






/*
** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC.  (Yes, believe it or
** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
*/
#if 'A' == '\301'
# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
#else
................................................................................
typedef struct SQLiteThread SQLiteThread;
typedef struct SelectDest SelectDest;
typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
typedef struct Table Table;
typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
typedef struct Token Token;

typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */
#define WHERE_SORTBYGROUP      0x0800 /* Support sqlite3WhereIsSorted() */
#define WHERE_REOPEN_IDX       0x1000 /* Try to use OP_ReopenIdx */

/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;              /* The Parse structure */
};

/*
** Bitfield flags for P5 value in various opcodes.
*/
#define OPFLAG_NCHANGE       0x01    /* Set to update db->nChange */

#define OPFLAG_LASTROWID     0x02    /* Set to update db->lastRowid */
#define OPFLAG_ISUPDATE      0x04    /* This OP_Insert is an sql UPDATE */
#define OPFLAG_APPEND        0x08    /* This is likely to be an append */
#define OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT 0x10    /* Try to avoid a seek in BtreeInsert() */
#define OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE    0x20    /* Clear pseudo-table cache in OP_Column */
#define OPFLAG_LENGTHARG     0x40    /* OP_Column only used for length() */
#define OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG     0x80    /* OP_Column only used for typeof() */
................................................................................
    char *zName;                    /* Name of this CTE */
    ExprList *pCols;                /* List of explicit column names, or NULL */
    Select *pSelect;                /* The definition of this CTE */
    const char *zErr;               /* Error message for circular references */
  } a[1];
};












/*
** Assuming zIn points to the first byte of a UTF-8 character,
** advance zIn to point to the first byte of the next UTF-8 character.
*/
#define SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zIn) {                        \
  if( (*(zIn++))>=0xc0 ){                              \
    while( (*zIn & 0xc0)==0x80 ){ zIn++; }             \
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif


/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

/* Output formatting for SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)

  void sqlite3ExplainBegin(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPrintf(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
  void sqlite3ExplainNL(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPush(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPop(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainFinish(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe*, Select*);
  void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe*, Expr*);
  void sqlite3ExplainExprList(Vdbe*, ExprList*);
  const char *sqlite3VdbeExplanation(Vdbe*);
#else
# define sqlite3ExplainBegin(X)
# define sqlite3ExplainSelect(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainExpr(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainExprList(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainFinish(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeExplanation(X) 0
#endif


void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse*, const char*, ...);
int sqlite3Dequote(char*);
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
................................................................................
void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);







>
>
>
>
>







 







>







 







|







 







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>







 







<
|
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
...
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
....
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
....
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
....
2935
2936
2937
2938
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2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
....
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
....
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116

3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124











3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
....
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313

/*
** Macros to compute minimum and maximum of two numbers.
*/
#define MIN(A,B) ((A)<(B)?(A):(B))
#define MAX(A,B) ((A)>(B)?(A):(B))

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}

/*
** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC.  (Yes, believe it or
** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
*/
#if 'A' == '\301'
# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
#else
................................................................................
typedef struct SQLiteThread SQLiteThread;
typedef struct SelectDest SelectDest;
typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
typedef struct Table Table;
typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
typedef struct Token Token;
typedef struct TreeView TreeView;
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
                          /*   0x0080 // not currently used */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */
#define WHERE_SORTBYGROUP      0x0800 /* Support sqlite3WhereIsSorted() */
#define WHERE_REOPEN_IDX       0x1000 /* Try to use OP_ReopenIdx */

/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;              /* The Parse structure */
};

/*
** Bitfield flags for P5 value in various opcodes.
*/
#define OPFLAG_NCHANGE       0x01    /* Set to update db->nChange */
#define OPFLAG_EPHEM         0x01    /* OP_Column: Ephemeral output is ok */
#define OPFLAG_LASTROWID     0x02    /* Set to update db->lastRowid */
#define OPFLAG_ISUPDATE      0x04    /* This OP_Insert is an sql UPDATE */
#define OPFLAG_APPEND        0x08    /* This is likely to be an append */
#define OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT 0x10    /* Try to avoid a seek in BtreeInsert() */
#define OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE    0x20    /* Clear pseudo-table cache in OP_Column */
#define OPFLAG_LENGTHARG     0x40    /* OP_Column only used for length() */
#define OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG     0x80    /* OP_Column only used for typeof() */
................................................................................
    char *zName;                    /* Name of this CTE */
    ExprList *pCols;                /* List of explicit column names, or NULL */
    Select *pSelect;                /* The definition of this CTE */
    const char *zErr;               /* Error message for circular references */
  } a[1];
};

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** An instance of the TreeView object is used for printing the content of
** data structures on sqlite3DebugPrintf() using a tree-like view.
*/
struct TreeView {
  int iLevel;             /* Which level of the tree we are on */
  u8  bLine[100];         /* Draw vertical in column i if bLine[i] is true */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Assuming zIn points to the first byte of a UTF-8 character,
** advance zIn to point to the first byte of the next UTF-8 character.
*/
#define SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zIn) {                        \
  if( (*(zIn++))>=0xc0 ){                              \
    while( (*zIn & 0xc0)==0x80 ){ zIn++; }             \
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif
int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8);

/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif


#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView*,u8);
  void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView*);
  void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView*, const char*, ...);
  void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView*, const char*, u8);
  void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView*, const Expr*, u8);
  void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(TreeView*, const ExprList*, u8, const char*);
  void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView*, const Select*, u8);











#endif


void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse*, const char*, ...);
int sqlite3Dequote(char*);
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
................................................................................
void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*, u8);
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);

Changes to src/test_multiplex.c.

998
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1005
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1011
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      break;
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT:
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE:
      /* no-op these */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      break;




















    default:
      pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, 0, &rc, NULL, 0);
      if( pSubOpen ){
        rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xFileControl(pSubOpen, op, pArg);
        if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
         *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("multiplex/%z", *(char**)pArg);
        }







>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
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>







998
999
1000
1001
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1007
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1009
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1014
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1016
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1022
1023
1024
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1026
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1028
1029
1030
1031
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      break;
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT:
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE:
      /* no-op these */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      break;
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA: {
      char **aFcntl = (char**)pArg;
      if( aFcntl[1] && sqlite3_stricmp(aFcntl[1],"multiplex_truncate")==0 ){
        if( aFcntl[2] && aFcntl[2][0] ){
          if( sqlite3_stricmp(aFcntl[2], "on")==0
           || sqlite3_stricmp(aFcntl[2], "1")==0 ){
            pGroup->bTruncate = 1;
          }else
          if( sqlite3_stricmp(aFcntl[2], "off")==0
           || sqlite3_stricmp(aFcntl[2], "0")==0 ){
            pGroup->bTruncate = 0;
          }
        }
        aFcntl[0] = sqlite3_mprintf(pGroup->bTruncate ? "on" : "off");
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
        break;
      }
      /* If the multiplexor does not handle the pragma, pass it through
      ** into the default case. */
    }
    default:
      pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, 0, &rc, NULL, 0);
      if( pSubOpen ){
        rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xFileControl(pSubOpen, op, pArg);
        if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
         *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("multiplex/%z", *(char**)pArg);
        }

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

98
99
100
101
102
103
104

105
106
107
108
109
110
111
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Cx */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Dx */
    0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Ex */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,  /* Fx */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)>=0x42 && sqlite3IsEbcdicIdChar[c-0x40]))
#endif



/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *z, int *tokenType){







>







98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Cx */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Dx */
    0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Ex */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,  /* Fx */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)>=0x42 && sqlite3IsEbcdicIdChar[c-0x40]))
#endif
int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8 c){ return IdChar(c); }


/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *z, int *tokenType){

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
....
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
....
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
4031



4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
4049
4050
4051
4052
....
5634
5635
5636
5637
5638
5639
5640
5641

5642
5643
5644
5645
5646
5647
5648
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653
5654
5655
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
  MemSetTypeFlag(ctx.pOut, MEM_Null);

  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(ctx.pOut));
      rc = ctx.isError;
    }
................................................................................
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  pCur->pgnoRoot = p2;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));

  /* Since it performs no memory allocation or IO, the only value that
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursor() may return is SQLITE_OK. */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    if( pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
      /* on the first attempt, simply do one more than previous */
      v = lastRowid;
      v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
      v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      cnt = 0;



      while(   ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)v,
                                                 0, &res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (res==0)
            && (++cnt<100)){
        /* collision - try another random rowid */
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(v), &v);
        if( cnt<5 ){
          /* try "small" random rowids for the initial attempts */
          v &= 0xffffff;
        }else{
          v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
        }
        v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      assert( v>0 );  /* EV: R-40812-03570 */
    }
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
................................................................................
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  ctx.pOut = &t;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pColl = 0;

  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
    rc = ctx.isError;
  }
  if( ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );







<

<
<
<
<
<
<
|

|







 







<
<
<
<







 







<
<
<
<

>
>
>
|


|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|
>

<
<
<
<
<
<







1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559

1560






1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
....
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282




3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
....
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015




4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023










4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
....
5612
5613
5614
5615
5616
5617
5618
5619
5620
5621






5622
5623
5624
5625
5626
5627
5628
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
  MemSetTypeFlag(ctx.pOut, MEM_Null);

  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;






  assert( db->lastRowid==lastRowid );
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Remember rowid changes made by xFunc */

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(ctx.pOut));
      rc = ctx.isError;
    }
................................................................................
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  pCur->pgnoRoot = p2;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));





  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    if( pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */




      cnt = 0;
      do{
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(v), &v);
        v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); v++;  /* Ensure that v is greater than zero */
      }while(  ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)v,
                                                 0, &res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (res==0)
            && (++cnt<100));










      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      assert( v>0 );  /* EV: R-40812-03570 */
    }
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
................................................................................
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  ctx.pOut = &t;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.skipFlag = 0;






  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
    rc = ctx.isError;
  }
  if( ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
...
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;            /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  CollSeq *pColl;       /* Collating sequence */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;          /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;              /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;          /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;       /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */
};

................................................................................
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
  char *zExplain;         /* Explanation of data structures */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */







<







 







<
<
<
<







268
269
270
271
272
273
274

275
276
277
278
279
280
281
...
356
357
358
359
360
361
362




363
364
365
366
367
368
369
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;            /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */

  Vdbe *pVdbe;          /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;              /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;          /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;       /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */
};

................................................................................
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */




  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755

756
757
758
759
760
761
762
....
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
    if( addr==p->nOp-1 ) p->nOp--;
  }
}

/*
** Remove the last opcode inserted

*/
int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe *p, u8 op){
  if( (p->nOp-1)>(p->pParse->iFixedOp) && p->aOp[p->nOp-1].opcode==op ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(p, p->nOp-1);
    return 1;
  }else{
    return 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSub);
  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;







|
>







 







<
<
<
<







748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
....
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682




2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
    if( addr==p->nOp-1 ) p->nOp--;
  }
}

/*
** If the last opcode is "op" and it is not a jump destination,
** then remove it.  Return true if and only if an opcode was removed.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe *p, u8 op){
  if( (p->nOp-1)>(p->pParse->iFixedOp) && p->aOp[p->nOp-1].opcode==op ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(p, p->nOp-1);
    return 1;
  }else{
    return 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSub);
  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);




}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;

Changes to src/vdbetrace.c.

179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE */

/*****************************************************************************
** The following code implements the data-structure explaining logic
** for the Vdbe.
*/

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)

/*
** Allocate a new Explain object
*/
void sqlite3ExplainBegin(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  if( pVdbe ){
    Explain *p;
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    p = (Explain *)sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(Explain) );
    if( p ){
      p->pVdbe = pVdbe;
      sqlite3_free(pVdbe->pExplain);
      pVdbe->pExplain = p;
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&p->str, p->zBase, sizeof(p->zBase),
                          SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
      p->str.useMalloc = 2;
    }else{
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return true if the Explain ends with a new-line.
*/
static int endsWithNL(Explain *p){
  return p && p->str.zText && p->str.nChar
           && p->str.zText[p->str.nChar-1]=='\n';
}
    
/*
** Append text to the indentation
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPrintf(Vdbe *pVdbe, const char *zFormat, ...){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 ){
    va_list ap;
    if( p->nIndent && endsWithNL(p) ){
      int n = p->nIndent;
      if( n>ArraySize(p->aIndent) ) n = ArraySize(p->aIndent);
      sqlite3AppendSpace(&p->str, p->aIndent[n-1]);
    }   
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3VXPrintf(&p->str, SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}

/*
** Append a '\n' if there is not already one.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainNL(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 && !endsWithNL(p) ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&p->str, "\n", 1);
  }
}

/*
** Push a new indentation level.  Subsequent lines will be indented
** so that they begin at the current cursor position.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPush(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 ){
    if( p->str.zText && p->nIndent<ArraySize(p->aIndent) ){
      const char *z = p->str.zText;
      int i = p->str.nChar-1;
      int x;
      while( i>=0 && z[i]!='\n' ){ i--; }
      x = (p->str.nChar - 1) - i;
      if( p->nIndent && x<p->aIndent[p->nIndent-1] ){
        x = p->aIndent[p->nIndent-1];
      }
      p->aIndent[p->nIndent] = x;
    }
    p->nIndent++;
  }
}

/*
** Pop the indentation stack by one level.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPop(Vdbe *p){
  if( p && p->pExplain ) p->pExplain->nIndent--;
}

/*
** Free the indentation structure
*/
void sqlite3ExplainFinish(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  if( pVdbe && pVdbe->pExplain ){
    sqlite3_free(pVdbe->zExplain);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    pVdbe->zExplain = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&pVdbe->pExplain->str);
    sqlite3_free(pVdbe->pExplain);
    pVdbe->pExplain = 0;
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  }
}

/*
** Return the explanation of a virtual machine.
*/
const char *sqlite3VdbeExplanation(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  return (pVdbe && pVdbe->zExplain) ? pVdbe->zExplain : 0;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) */







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      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE */



















































































































Changes to src/where.c.

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  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LT>TK_EQ && TK_LT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LE>TK_EQ && TK_LE<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_GE==TK_EQ+4 );
  return op==TK_IN || (op>=TK_EQ && op<=TK_GE) || op==TK_ISNULL;
}

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}

/*
** Commute a comparison operator.  Expressions of the form "X op Y"
** are converted into "Y op X".
**
** If left/right precedence rules come into play when determining the
** collating sequence, then COLLATE operators are adjusted to ensure
** that the collating sequence does not change.  For example:
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE | WHERE_AND_ONLY |

                  WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */

        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
................................................................................
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate "Explanation" text for a WhereTerm.
*/
static void whereExplainTerm(Vdbe *v, WhereTerm *pTerm){



  char zType[4];
  memcpy(zType, "...", 4);
  if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ) zType[0] = 'V';
  if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV  ) zType[1] = 'E';
  if( ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) zType[2] = 'L';
  sqlite3ExplainPrintf(v, "%s ", zType);



  sqlite3ExplainExpr(v, pTerm->pExpr);
}
#endif /* WHERETRACE_ENABLED && SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN */



#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print a WhereLoop object for debugging purposes
*/
static void whereLoopPrint(WhereLoop *p, WhereClause *pWC){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pWC->pWInfo;
................................................................................
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->u.btree.nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  /* If the 0x100 bit of wheretracing is set, then show all of the constraint
  ** expressions in the WhereLoop.aLTerm[] array.
  */
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){  /* WHERETRACE 0x100 */
    int i;
    Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;
    sqlite3ExplainBegin(v);
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
      WhereTerm *pTerm = p->aLTerm[i];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(v, "  (%d) #%-2d ", i+1, (int)(pTerm-pWC->a));
      sqlite3ExplainPush(v);
      whereExplainTerm(v, pTerm);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(v);
      sqlite3ExplainNL(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExplainFinish(v);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s", sqlite3VdbeExplanation(v));
  }
#endif
}
#endif

/*
** Convert bulk memory into a valid WhereLoop that can be passed
** to whereLoopClear harmlessly.
*/
................................................................................
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    if( pTerm ){
      /* TUNING:  When estimating skip-scan for a term that is also indexable,
      ** increase the cost of the skip-scan by 2x, to make it a little less
      ** desirable than the regular index lookup. */
      nIter += 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
    }
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;



    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
................................................................................
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */





        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );



        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rSetup, pTab->costMult);
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
................................................................................
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
  WhereLoopBuilder sSubBuild;
  WhereOrSet sSum, sCur;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
................................................................................
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    
      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;


      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          tempWC.pWInfo = pWC->pWInfo;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
          tempWC.op = TK_AND;
................................................................................
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          sSubBuild.pWC = &tempWC;
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        sCur.n = 0;









#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }



        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
          once = 0;
................................................................................
        ** the planner may elect to "OR" together a full-table scan and an
        ** index lookup. And other similarly odd results.  */
        pNew->rRun = sSum.a[i].rRun + 1;
        pNew->nOut = sSum.a[i].nOut;
        pNew->prereq = sSum.a[i].prereq;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }

    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for all tables 
................................................................................
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));

  /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){
    int i;
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    sqlite3ExplainBegin(v);
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(v, "#%-2d ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(v);
      whereExplainTerm(v, &sWLB.pWC->a[i]);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(v);
      sqlite3ExplainNL(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExplainFinish(v);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s", sqlite3VdbeExplanation(v));
  }
#endif

  if( nTabList!=1 || whereShortCut(&sWLB)==0 ){
    rc = whereLoopAddAll(&sWLB);
    if( rc ) goto whereBeginError;
  
    /* Display all of the WhereLoop objects if wheretrace is enabled */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){







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  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LT>TK_EQ && TK_LT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LE>TK_EQ && TK_LE<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_GE==TK_EQ+4 );
  return op==TK_IN || (op>=TK_EQ && op<=TK_GE) || op==TK_ISNULL;
}






/*
** Commute a comparison operator.  Expressions of the form "X op Y"
** are converted into "Y op X".
**
** If left/right precedence rules come into play when determining the
** collating sequence, then COLLATE operators are adjusted to ensure
** that the collating sequence does not change.  For example:
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE
                | WHERE_FORCE_TABLE
                | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
................................................................................
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print the content of a WhereTerm object
*/
static void whereTermPrint(WhereTerm *pTerm, int iTerm){
  if( pTerm==0 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("TERM-%-3d NULL\n", iTerm);
  }else{
    char zType[4];
    memcpy(zType, "...", 4);
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ) zType[0] = 'V';
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV  ) zType[1] = 'E';
    if( ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) zType[2] = 'L';

    sqlite3DebugPrintf("TERM-%-3d %p %s cursor=%-3d prob=%-3d op=0x%03x\n",
                       iTerm, pTerm, zType, pTerm->leftCursor, pTerm->truthProb,
                       pTerm->eOperator);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pTerm->pExpr, 0);
  }

}
#endif

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print a WhereLoop object for debugging purposes
*/
static void whereLoopPrint(WhereLoop *p, WhereClause *pWC){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pWC->pWInfo;
................................................................................
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->u.btree.nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);




  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){
    int i;


    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(p->aLTerm[i], i);






    }


  }

}
#endif

/*
** Convert bulk memory into a valid WhereLoop that can be passed
** to whereLoopClear harmlessly.
*/
................................................................................
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    if( pTerm ){
      /* TUNING:  When estimating skip-scan for a term that is also indexable,
      ** multiply the cost of the skip-scan by 2.0, to make it a little less
      ** desirable than the regular index lookup. */
      nIter += 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
    }
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;
    /* TUNING:  Because uncertainties in the estimates for skip-scan queries,
    ** add a 1.375 fudge factor to make skip-scan slightly less likely. */
    nIter += 5;
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
................................................................................
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
        ** of X is smaller for views and subqueries so that the query planner
        ** will be more aggressive about generating automatic indexes for
        ** those objects, since there is no opportunity to add schema
        ** indexes on subqueries and views. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 4;
        if( pTab->pSelect==0 && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0 ){
          pNew->rSetup += 24;
        }
        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rSetup, pTab->costMult);
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
................................................................................
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
  WhereLoopBuilder sSubBuild;
  WhereOrSet sSum, sCur;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;

  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
................................................................................
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    
      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      WHERETRACE(0x200, ("Begin processing OR-clause %p\n", pTerm));
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          tempWC.pWInfo = pWC->pWInfo;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
          tempWC.op = TK_AND;
................................................................................
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          sSubBuild.pWC = &tempWC;
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        sCur.n = 0;
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
        WHERETRACE(0x200, ("OR-term %d of %p has %d subterms:\n", 
                   (int)(pOrTerm-pOrWC->a), pTerm, sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm));
        if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x400 ){
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
          once = 0;
................................................................................
        ** the planner may elect to "OR" together a full-table scan and an
        ** index lookup. And other similarly odd results.  */
        pNew->rRun = sSum.a[i].rRun + 1;
        pNew->nOut = sSum.a[i].nOut;
        pNew->prereq = sSum.a[i].prereq;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
      WHERETRACE(0x200, ("End processing OR-clause %p\n", pTerm));
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for all tables 
................................................................................
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */

  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){
    int i;


    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){


      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);


    }


  }
#endif

  if( nTabList!=1 || whereShortCut(&sWLB)==0 ){
    rc = whereLoopAddAll(&sWLB);
    if( rc ) goto whereBeginError;
  
    /* Display all of the WhereLoop objects if wheretrace is enabled */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){

Changes to test/autoindex1.test.

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  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT * FROM 
        data JOIN mimetypes ON (data.mimetype_id=mimetypes._id) 
             JOIN raw_contacts ON (data.raw_contact_id=raw_contacts._id) 
             JOIN accounts ON (raw_contacts.account_id=accounts._id)
   WHERE mimetypes._id=10 AND data14 IS NOT NULL;
} {/SEARCH TABLE data .*SEARCH TABLE raw_contacts/}


































































































finish_test








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  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT * FROM 
        data JOIN mimetypes ON (data.mimetype_id=mimetypes._id) 
             JOIN raw_contacts ON (data.raw_contact_id=raw_contacts._id) 
             JOIN accounts ON (raw_contacts.account_id=accounts._id)
   WHERE mimetypes._id=10 AND data14 IS NOT NULL;
} {/SEARCH TABLE data .*SEARCH TABLE raw_contacts/}

# Another test case from an important user of SQLite.  The key feature of
# this test is that the "aggindex" subquery should make use of an
# automatic index.  If it does, the query is fast.  If it does not, the
# query is deathly slow.  It worked OK in 3.7.17 but started going slow
# with version 3.8.0.  The problem was fixed for 3.8.7 by reducing the
# cost estimate for automatic indexes on views and subqueries.
#
db close
forcedelete test.db
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test autoindex1-900 {
  CREATE TABLE messages (ROWID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, message_id, document_id BLOB, in_reply_to, remote_id INTEGER, sender INTEGER, subject_prefix, subject INTEGER, date_sent INTEGER, date_received INTEGER, date_created INTEGER, date_last_viewed INTEGER, mailbox INTEGER, remote_mailbox INTEGER, original_mailbox INTEGER, flags INTEGER, read, flagged, size INTEGER, color, encoding, type INTEGER, pad, conversation_id INTEGER DEFAULT -1, snippet TEXT DEFAULT NULL, fuzzy_ancestor INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, automated_conversation INTEGER DEFAULT 0, root_status INTEGER DEFAULT -1, conversation_position INTEGER DEFAULT -1);
  CREATE INDEX date_index ON messages(date_received);
  CREATE INDEX date_last_viewed_index ON messages(date_last_viewed);
  CREATE INDEX date_created_index ON messages(date_created);
  CREATE INDEX message_message_id_mailbox_index ON messages(message_id, mailbox);
  CREATE INDEX message_document_id_index ON messages(document_id);
  CREATE INDEX message_read_index ON messages(read);
  CREATE INDEX message_flagged_index ON messages(flagged);
  CREATE INDEX message_mailbox_index ON messages(mailbox, date_received);
  CREATE INDEX message_remote_mailbox_index ON messages(remote_mailbox, remote_id);
  CREATE INDEX message_type_index ON messages(type);
  CREATE INDEX message_conversation_id_conversation_position_index ON messages(conversation_id, conversation_position);
  CREATE INDEX message_fuzzy_ancestor_index ON messages(fuzzy_ancestor);
  CREATE INDEX message_subject_fuzzy_ancestor_index ON messages(subject, fuzzy_ancestor);
  CREATE INDEX message_sender_subject_automated_conversation_index ON messages(sender, subject, automated_conversation);
  CREATE INDEX message_sender_index ON messages(sender);
  CREATE INDEX message_root_status ON messages(root_status);
  CREATE TABLE subjects (ROWID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, subject COLLATE RTRIM, normalized_subject COLLATE RTRIM);
  CREATE INDEX subject_subject_index ON subjects(subject);
  CREATE INDEX subject_normalized_subject_index ON subjects(normalized_subject);
  CREATE TABLE addresses (ROWID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, address COLLATE NOCASE, comment, UNIQUE(address, comment));
  CREATE INDEX addresses_address_index ON addresses(address);
  CREATE TABLE mailboxes (ROWID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, url UNIQUE, total_count INTEGER DEFAULT 0, unread_count INTEGER DEFAULT 0, unseen_count INTEGER DEFAULT 0, deleted_count INTEGER DEFAULT 0, unread_count_adjusted_for_duplicates INTEGER DEFAULT 0, change_identifier, source INTEGER, alleged_change_identifier);
  CREATE INDEX mailboxes_source_index ON mailboxes(source);
  CREATE TABLE labels (ROWID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, message_id INTEGER NOT NULL, mailbox_id INTEGER NOT NULL, UNIQUE(message_id, mailbox_id));
  CREATE INDEX labels_message_id_mailbox_id_index ON labels(message_id, mailbox_id);
  CREATE INDEX labels_mailbox_id_index ON labels(mailbox_id);
  
  explain query plan
  SELECT messages.ROWID,
         messages.message_id,
         messages.remote_id,
         messages.date_received,
         messages.date_sent,
         messages.flags,
         messages.size,
         messages.color,
         messages.date_last_viewed,
         messages.subject_prefix,
         subjects.subject,
         sender.comment,
         sender.address,
         NULL,
         messages.mailbox,
         messages.original_mailbox,
         NULL,
         NULL,
         messages.type,
         messages.document_id,
         sender,
         NULL,
         messages.conversation_id,
         messages.conversation_position,
         agglabels.labels
   FROM mailboxes AS mailbox
        JOIN messages ON mailbox.ROWID = messages.mailbox
        LEFT OUTER JOIN subjects ON messages.subject = subjects.ROWID
        LEFT OUTER JOIN addresses AS sender ON messages.sender = sender.ROWID
        LEFT OUTER JOIN (
               SELECT message_id, group_concat(mailbox_id) as labels
               FROM labels GROUP BY message_id
             ) AS agglabels ON messages.ROWID = agglabels.message_id
  WHERE (mailbox.url = 'imap://email.app@imap.gmail.com/%5BGmail%5D/All%20Mail')
    AND (messages.ROWID IN (
            SELECT labels.message_id
              FROM labels JOIN mailboxes ON labels.mailbox_id = mailboxes.ROWID
             WHERE mailboxes.url = 'imap://email.app@imap.gmail.com/INBOX'))
    AND messages.mailbox in (6,12,18,24,30,36,42,1,7,13,19,25,31,37,43,2,8,
                             14,20,26,32,38,3,9,15,21,27,33,39,4,10,16,22,28,
                             34,40,5,11,17,23,35,41)
   ORDER BY date_received DESC;
} {/agglabels USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX/}

# A test case for VIEWs
#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-901 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE VIEW agg2 AS SELECT a, sum(b) AS m FROM t2 GROUP BY a;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT t1.z, agg2.m
    FROM t1 JOIN agg2 ON t1.y=agg2.m
   WHERE t1.x IN (1,2,3);
} {/USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX/}


finish_test

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    f INT DEFAULT -9223372036854775808,
    g INT DEFAULT (-(-9223372036854775808)),
    h INT DEFAULT (-(-9223372036854775807))
  );
  INSERT INTO t300 DEFAULT VALUES;
  SELECT * FROM t300;
} {2147483647 2147483648 9223372036854775807 -2147483647 -2147483648 -9223372036854775808 9.22337203685478e+18 9223372036854775807}





























finish_test








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    f INT DEFAULT -9223372036854775808,
    g INT DEFAULT (-(-9223372036854775808)),
    h INT DEFAULT (-(-9223372036854775807))
  );
  INSERT INTO t300 DEFAULT VALUES;
  SELECT * FROM t300;
} {2147483647 2147483648 9223372036854775807 -2147483647 -2147483648 -9223372036854775808 9.22337203685478e+18 9223372036854775807}

# Do now allow bound parameters in new DEFAULT values. 
# Silently convert bound parameters to NULL in DEFAULT causes
# in the sqlite_master table, for backwards compatibility.
#
db close
forcedelete test.db
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test default-4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT, b TEXT DEFAULT(99));
  PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;
  UPDATE sqlite_master SET sql='CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT, b TEXT DEFAULT(:xyz))';
} {}
db close 
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test default-4.1 {
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES('xyzzy');
  SELECT a, quote(b) FROM t1;
} {xyzzy NULL}
do_catchsql_test default-4.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a TEXT, b TEXT DEFAULT(:xyz));
} {1 {default value of column [b] is not constant}}
do_catchsql_test default-4.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a TEXT, b TEXT DEFAULT(abs(:xyz)));
} {1 {default value of column [b] is not constant}}
do_catchsql_test default-4.4 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a TEXT, b TEXT DEFAULT(98+coalesce(5,:xyz)));
} {1 {default value of column [b] is not constant}}

finish_test

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  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(x,y);
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<5;
    SELECT x, test_eval('DELETE FROM t2 WHERE x='||x), y FROM t2;
  }
} {1 {} {} 2 {} {} 3 {} {} 4 {} {}}
do_test eval-2.2 {












  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t2
  }
} {}

# Modify a row while it is being read.
#







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  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(x,y);
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<5;
    SELECT x, test_eval('DELETE FROM t2 WHERE x='||x), y FROM t2;
  }
} {1 {} {} 2 {} {} 3 {} {} 4 {} {}}
do_test eval-2.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t2
  }
} {}
do_test eval-2.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<5;
    SELECT x, test_eval('DELETE FROM t2 WHERE x='||x), y FROM t2
     ORDER BY rowid DESC;
  }
} {4 {} {} 3 {} {} 2 {} {} 1 {} {}}
do_test eval-2.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t2
  }
} {}

# Modify a row while it is being read.
#

Added test/multiplex4.test.





































































































































































































































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# 2014-09-25
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains tests for the "truncate" option in the multiplexor.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set ::testprefix multiplex4

db close
sqlite3_shutdown
sqlite3_multiplex_initialize {} 0

# delete all filesl with the base name of $basename
#
proc multiplex_delete_db {basename} {
  foreach file [glob -nocomplain $basename.*] {
    forcedelete $file
  }
}

# Return a sorted list of all files with the base name of $basename.
# Except, delete all text from the end of $basename through the NNN
# suffix on the end of the filename.
#
proc multiplex_file_list {basename} {
  set x {}
  foreach file [glob -nocomplain $basename.*] {
    regsub "^$basename\\..*(\\d\\d\\d)\$" $file $basename.\\1 file
    lappend x $file
  }
  return [lsort $x]
}

do_test multiplex4-1.0 {
  multiplex_delete_db mx4test
  sqlite3 db {file:mx4test.db?chunksize=10&truncate=1} -uri 1 -vfs multiplex
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t1(x);
    INSERT INTO t1(x) VALUES(randomblob(250000));
  }
  multiplex_file_list mx4test
} {mx4test.001 mx4test.db}

do_test multiplex4-1.1 {
  db eval {
    DELETE FROM t1;
    VACUUM;
  }
  multiplex_file_list mx4test
} {mx4test.db}

do_test multiplex4-1.2 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate}
} {on}
do_test multiplex4-1.3 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=off}
} {off}
do_test multiplex4-1.4 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate}
} {off}
do_test multiplex4-1.5 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=on}
} {on}
do_test multiplex4-1.6 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate}
} {on}
do_test multiplex4-1.7 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=0}
} {off}
do_test multiplex4-1.8 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=1}
} {on}
do_test multiplex4-1.9 {
  db eval {PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=0}
} {off}

do_test multiplex4-1.10 {
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO t1(x) VALUES(randomblob(250000));
  }
  multiplex_file_list mx4test
} {mx4test.001 mx4test.db}

do_test multiplex4-1.11 {
  db eval {
    DELETE FROM t1;
    VACUUM;
  }
  multiplex_file_list mx4test
} {mx4test.001 mx4test.db}

do_test multiplex4-1.12 {
  db eval {
    PRAGMA multiplex_truncate=ON;
    DROP TABLE t1;
    VACUUM;
  }
  multiplex_file_list mx4test
} {mx4test.db}

catch { db close }
forcedelete mx4test.db
sqlite3_multiplex_shutdown
finish_test

Changes to test/rowid.test.

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} {a}
do_test rowid-12.2 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  save_prng_state
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'b');
    SELECT x, y FROM t7;
  }
} {1 b 9223372036854775807 a}
execsql {INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(2,'y');}
for {set i 1} {$i<100} {incr i} {
  do_test rowid-12.3.$i {
    db eval {DELETE FROM t7temp; INSERT INTO t7temp VALUES(1);}
    restore_prng_state
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'x');
................................................................................
  db eval {DELETE FROM t7temp; INSERT INTO t7temp VALUES(1);}
  restore_prng_state
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'x');
  }
} {1 {database or disk is full}}
















finish_test







|

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} {a}
do_test rowid-12.2 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  save_prng_state
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'b');
    SELECT x, y FROM t7 ORDER BY x;
  }
} {/\d+ b 9223372036854775807 a/}
execsql {INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(2,'y');}
for {set i 1} {$i<100} {incr i} {
  do_test rowid-12.3.$i {
    db eval {DELETE FROM t7temp; INSERT INTO t7temp VALUES(1);}
    restore_prng_state
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'x');
................................................................................
  db eval {DELETE FROM t7temp; INSERT INTO t7temp VALUES(1);}
  restore_prng_state
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL,'x');
  }
} {1 {database or disk is full}}

# INSERTs that happen inside of nested function calls are recorded
# by last_insert_rowid.
#
proc rowid_addrow_func {n} {
  db eval {INSERT INTO t13(rowid,x) VALUES($n,$n*$n)}
  return [db last_insert_rowid]
}
db function addrow rowid_addrow_func
do_execsql_test rowid-13.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t13(x);
  INSERT INTO t13(rowid,x) VALUES(1234,5);
  SELECT rowid, x, addrow(rowid+1000), '|' FROM t13 LIMIT 3;
  SELECT last_insert_rowid();
} {1234 5 2234 | 2234 4990756 3234 | 3234 10458756 4234 | 4234}

finish_test

Changes to test/skipscan1.test.

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} {}
db cache flush
do_execsql_test skipscan1-5.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT xh, loc FROM t5 WHERE loc >= 'M' AND loc < 'N';
} {/.*COVERING INDEX t5i1 .*/}





























finish_test







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} {}
db cache flush
do_execsql_test skipscan1-5.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT xh, loc FROM t5 WHERE loc >= 'M' AND loc < 'N';
} {/.*COVERING INDEX t5i1 .*/}

# The column used by the skip-scan needs to be sufficiently selective.
# See the private email from Adi Zaimi to drh@sqlite.org on 2014-09-22.
#
db close
forcedelete test.db
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test skipscan1-6.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h varchar(300));
  CREATE INDEX t1ab ON t1(a,b);
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  -- Only two distinct values for the skip-scan column.  Skip-scan is not used.
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1','t1ab','500000 250000 125000');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=1;
} {~/ANY/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-6.2 {
  -- Four distinct values for the skip-scan column.  Skip-scan is used.
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat='500000 250000 62500';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=1;
} {/ANY.a. AND b=/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-6.3 {
  -- Two distinct values for the skip-scan column again.  Skip-scan is not used.
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat='500000 125000 62500';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=1;
} {~/ANY/}

finish_test

Changes to test/skipscan5.test.

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  foreach {tn2 q res} {
    1 { c BETWEEN 'd' AND 'e' }       {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c>? AND c<?*/}
    2 { c BETWEEN 'b' AND 'r' }       {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    3 { c > 'q' }                     {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c>?*/}
    4 { c > 'e' }                     {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    5 { c < 'q' }                     {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    4 { c < 'e' }                     {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c<?*/}
  } {
    set sql "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE $q" 
    do_execsql_test 2.$tn.$tn2 $sql $res
  }

}

................................................................................
  6 "b < 'zzz'"                        {/*SCAN TABLE t3*/}
} {
  set sql "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE $q" 
  do_execsql_test 3.3.$tn $sql $res
}

finish_test











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  foreach {tn2 q res} {
    1 { c BETWEEN 'd' AND 'e' }       {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c>? AND c<?*/}
    2 { c BETWEEN 'b' AND 'r' }       {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    3 { c > 'q' }                     {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c>?*/}
    4 { c > 'e' }                     {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    5 { c < 'q' }                     {/*SCAN TABLE t2*/}
    6 { c < 'c' }                     {/*ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c<?*/}
  } {
    set sql "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE $q" 
    do_execsql_test 2.$tn.$tn2 $sql $res
  }

}

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  6 "b < 'zzz'"                        {/*SCAN TABLE t3*/}
} {
  set sql "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE $q" 
  do_execsql_test 3.3.$tn $sql $res
}

finish_test