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Overview
Comment:Add some code for an experimental fts5 module. Does not work yet.
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SHA1:1e0648dcf283d4f1f6159db4d2433b6cc635992e
User & Date: dan 2014-06-23 11:33:22
Context
2014-06-24
16:59
Add simple full-table-scan and rowid lookup support to fts5. check-in: 3515da85 user: dan tags: fts5
2014-06-23
11:33
Add some code for an experimental fts5 module. Does not work yet. check-in: 1e0648dc user: dan tags: fts5
10:18
Fix a problem with SQLITE_OMIT_WSD builds. check-in: 07dda49c user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3.h.

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#include "sqlite3.h"

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif  /* __cplusplus */

int sqlite3Fts3Init(sqlite3 *db);


#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* extern "C" */
#endif  /* __cplusplus */







>




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#include "sqlite3.h"

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif  /* __cplusplus */

int sqlite3Fts3Init(sqlite3 *db);
int sqlite3Fts5Init(sqlite3 *db);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* extern "C" */
#endif  /* __cplusplus */

Added ext/fts5/fts5.c.



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 Jun 09
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This is an SQLite module implementing full-text search.
*/

#include "fts5Int.h"

typedef struct Fts5Table Fts5Table;

struct Fts5Table {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  Fts5Config *pConfig;            /* Virtual table configuration */
  Fts5Index *pIndex;              /* Full-text index */
  Fts5Storage *pStorage;          /* Document store */
};

/*
** Close a virtual table handle opened by fts5InitVtab(). If the bDestroy
** argument is non-zero, attempt delete the shadow tables from teh database
*/
static int fts5FreeVtab(Fts5Table *pTab, int bDestroy){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pTab ){
    int rc2;
    rc2 = sqlite3Fts5IndexClose(pTab->pIndex, bDestroy);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
    rc2 = sqlite3Fts5StorageClose(pTab->pStorage, bDestroy);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
    sqlite3Fts5ConfigFree(pTab->pConfig);
    sqlite3_free(pTab);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** The xDisconnect() virtual table method.
*/
static int fts5DisconnectMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  return fts5FreeVtab((Fts5Table*)pVtab, 0);
}

/*
** The xDestroy() virtual table method.
*/
static int fts5DestroyMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  return fts5FreeVtab((Fts5Table*)pVtab, 1);
}

/*
** This function is the implementation of both the xConnect and xCreate
** methods of the FTS3 virtual table.
**
** The argv[] array contains the following:
**
**   argv[0]   -> module name  ("fts5")
**   argv[1]   -> database name
**   argv[2]   -> table name
**   argv[...] -> "column name" and other module argument fields.
*/
static int fts5InitVtab(
  int bCreate,                    /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* The SQLite database connection */
  void *pAux,                     /* Hash table containing tokenizers */
  int argc,                       /* Number of elements in argv array */
  const char * const *argv,       /* xCreate/xConnect argument array */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab,          /* Write the resulting vtab structure here */
  char **pzErr                    /* Write any error message here */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  Fts5Config *pConfig;            /* Results of parsing argc/argv */
  Fts5Table *pTab = 0;            /* New virtual table object */

  /* Parse the arguments */
  rc = sqlite3Fts5ConfigParse(db, argc, (const char**)argv, &pConfig, pzErr);
  assert( (rc==SQLITE_OK && *pzErr==0) || pConfig==0 );

  /* Allocate the new vtab object */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTab = (Fts5Table*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts5Table));
    if( pTab==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      memset(pTab, 0, sizeof(Fts5Table));
      pTab->pConfig = pConfig;
    }
  }

  /* Open the index sub-system */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexOpen(pConfig, bCreate, &pTab->pIndex, pzErr);
  }

  /* Open the storage sub-system */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5StorageOpen(
        pConfig, pTab->pIndex, bCreate, &pTab->pStorage, pzErr
    );
  }

  /* Call sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5ConfigDeclareVtab(pConfig);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    fts5FreeVtab(pTab, 0);
    pTab = 0;
  }
  *ppVTab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pTab;
  return rc;
}

/*
** The xConnect() and xCreate() methods for the virtual table. All the
** work is done in function fts5InitVtab().
*/
static int fts5ConnectMethod(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database connection */
  void *pAux,                     /* Pointer to tokenizer hash table */
  int argc,                       /* Number of elements in argv array */
  const char * const *argv,       /* xCreate/xConnect argument array */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,          /* OUT: New sqlite3_vtab object */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: sqlite3_malloc'd error message */
){
  return fts5InitVtab(0, db, pAux, argc, argv, ppVtab, pzErr);
}
static int fts5CreateMethod(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database connection */
  void *pAux,                     /* Pointer to tokenizer hash table */
  int argc,                       /* Number of elements in argv array */
  const char * const *argv,       /* xCreate/xConnect argument array */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,          /* OUT: New sqlite3_vtab object */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: sqlite3_malloc'd error message */
){
  return fts5InitVtab(1, db, pAux, argc, argv, ppVtab, pzErr);
}

/* 
** Implementation of the xBestIndex method for FTS3 tables. There
** are three possible strategies, in order of preference:
**
**   1. Direct lookup by rowid or docid. 
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts5BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xOpen method.
*/
static int fts5OpenMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCsr){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close the cursor.  For additional information see the documentation
** on the xClose method of the virtual table interface.
*/
static int fts5CloseMethod(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Advance the cursor to the next row in the table that matches the 
** search criteria.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if nothing goes wrong.  SQLITE_OK is returned
** even if we reach end-of-file.  The fts5EofMethod() will be called
** subsequently to determine whether or not an EOF was hit.
*/
static int fts5NextMethod(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
*/
static int fts5FilterMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,   /* The cursor used for this query */
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** This is the xEof method of the virtual table. SQLite calls this 
** routine to find out if it has reached the end of a result set.
*/
static int fts5EofMethod(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  return 1;
}

/* 
** This is the xRowid method. The SQLite core calls this routine to
** retrieve the rowid for the current row of the result set. fts5
** exposes %_content.docid as the rowid for the virtual table. The
** rowid should be written to *pRowid.
*/
static int fts5RowidMethod(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** This is the xColumn method, called by SQLite to request a value from
** the row that the supplied cursor currently points to.
*/
static int fts5ColumnMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,   /* Cursor to retrieve value from */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Context for sqlite3_result_xxx() calls */
  int iCol                        /* Index of column to read value from */
){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is called to handle an FTS INSERT command. In other words,
** an INSERT statement of the form:
**
**     INSERT INTO fts(fts) VALUES($pVal)
**
** Argument pVal is the value assigned to column "fts" by the INSERT 
** statement. This function returns SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite
** error code if an error occurs.
*/
static int fts5SpecialCommand(Fts5Table *pTab, sqlite3_value *pVal){
  const char *z = sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  int n = sqlite3_value_bytes(pVal);
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;

  if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp("integrity-check", z) ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5StorageIntegrity(pTab->pStorage);
  }else

  if( n>5 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp("pgsz=", z, 5) ){
    int pgsz = atoi(&z[5]);
    if( pgsz<32 ) pgsz = 32;
    sqlite3Fts5IndexPgsz(pTab->pIndex, pgsz);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  return rc;
}

/* 
** This function is the implementation of the xUpdate callback used by 
** FTS3 virtual tables. It is invoked by SQLite each time a row is to be
** inserted, updated or deleted.
*/
static int fts5UpdateMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  int nArg,                       /* Size of argument array */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of arguments */
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid            /* OUT: The affected (or effected) rowid */
){
  Fts5Table *pTab = (Fts5Table*)pVtab;
  Fts5Config *pConfig = pTab->pConfig;
  int eType0;                     /* value_type() of apVal[0] */
  int eConflict;                  /* ON CONFLICT for this DML */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( nArg==1 || nArg==(2 + pConfig->nCol + 1) );

  if( SQLITE_NULL!=sqlite3_value_type(apVal[2 + pConfig->nCol]) ){
    return fts5SpecialCommand(pTab, apVal[2 + pConfig->nCol]);
  }

  eType0 = sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0]);
  eConflict = sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(pConfig->db);

  assert( eType0==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType0==SQLITE_NULL );
  if( eType0==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    i64 iDel = sqlite3_value_int64(apVal[0]);    /* Rowid to delete */
    rc = sqlite3Fts5StorageDelete(pTab->pStorage, iDel);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nArg>1 ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5StorageInsert(pTab->pStorage, apVal, eConflict, pRowid);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of xSync() method. 
*/
static int fts5SyncMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  int rc;
  Fts5Table *pTab = (Fts5Table*)pVtab;
  rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexSync(pTab->pIndex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of xBegin() method. 
*/
static int fts5BeginMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xCommit() method. This is a no-op. The contents of
** the pending-terms hash-table have already been flushed into the database
** by fts5SyncMethod().
*/
static int fts5CommitMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xRollback(). Discard the contents of the pending-terms
** hash-table. Any changes made to the database are reverted by SQLite.
*/
static int fts5RollbackMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  Fts5Table *pTab = (Fts5Table*)pVtab;
  int rc;
  rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexRollback(pTab->pIndex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine implements the xFindFunction method for the FTS3
** virtual table.
*/
static int fts5FindFunctionMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of SQL function arguments */
  const char *zName,              /* Name of SQL function */
  void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**), /* OUT: Result */
  void **ppArg                    /* Unused */
){
  /* No function of the specified name was found. Return 0. */
  return 0;
}

/*
** Implementation of FTS3 xRename method. Rename an fts5 table.
*/
static int fts5RenameMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  const char *zName               /* New name of table */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  return rc;
}

/*
** The xSavepoint() method.
**
** Flush the contents of the pending-terms table to disk.
*/
static int fts5SavepointMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int iSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  return rc;
}

/*
** The xRelease() method.
**
** This is a no-op.
*/
static int fts5ReleaseMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int iSavepoint){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The xRollbackTo() method.
**
** Discard the contents of the pending terms table.
*/
static int fts5RollbackToMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int iSavepoint){
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static const sqlite3_module fts5Module = {
  /* iVersion      */ 2,
  /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
  /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,
  /* xBestIndex    */ fts5BestIndexMethod,
  /* xDisconnect   */ fts5DisconnectMethod,
  /* xDestroy      */ fts5DestroyMethod,
  /* xOpen         */ fts5OpenMethod,
  /* xClose        */ fts5CloseMethod,
  /* xFilter       */ fts5FilterMethod,
  /* xNext         */ fts5NextMethod,
  /* xEof          */ fts5EofMethod,
  /* xColumn       */ fts5ColumnMethod,
  /* xRowid        */ fts5RowidMethod,
  /* xUpdate       */ fts5UpdateMethod,
  /* xBegin        */ fts5BeginMethod,
  /* xSync         */ fts5SyncMethod,
  /* xCommit       */ fts5CommitMethod,
  /* xRollback     */ fts5RollbackMethod,
  /* xFindFunction */ fts5FindFunctionMethod,
  /* xRename       */ fts5RenameMethod,
  /* xSavepoint    */ fts5SavepointMethod,
  /* xRelease      */ fts5ReleaseMethod,
  /* xRollbackTo   */ fts5RollbackToMethod,
};

int sqlite3Fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc;
  rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "fts5", &fts5Module, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexInit(db);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3Fts5ExprInit(db);
  return rc;
}

Added ext/fts5/fts5Int.h.













































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 May 31
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
*/
#ifndef _FTS5INT_H
#define _FTS5INT_H

#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "fts3_tokenizer.h"


/*
** Maximum number of prefix indexes on single FTS5 table. This must be
** less than 32. If it is set to anything large than that, an #error
** directive in fts5_index.c will cause the build to fail.
*/
#define FTS5_MAX_PREFIX_INDEXES 31

#define FTS5_DEFAULT_NEARDIST 10

/**************************************************************************
** Interface to code in fts5_config.c. fts5_config.c contains contains code
** to parse the arguments passed to the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement.
*/

typedef struct Fts5Config Fts5Config;

/*
** An instance of the following structure encodes all information that can
** be gleaned from the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement.
*/
struct Fts5Config {
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database handle */
  char *zDb;                      /* Database holding FTS index (e.g. "main") */
  char *zName;                    /* Name of FTS index */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns */
  char **azCol;                   /* Column names */
  int nPrefix;                    /* Number of prefix indexes */
  int *aPrefix;                   /* Sizes in bytes of nPrefix prefix indexes */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;  /* Tokenizer instance for this table */
};

int sqlite3Fts5ConfigParse(sqlite3*, int, const char**, Fts5Config**, char**);
void sqlite3Fts5ConfigFree(Fts5Config*);

int sqlite3Fts5ConfigDeclareVtab(Fts5Config *pConfig);

int sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(
  Fts5Config *pConfig,            /* FTS5 Configuration object */
  const char *pText, int nText,   /* Text to tokenize */
  void *pCtx,                     /* Context passed to xToken() */
  int (*xToken)(void*, const char*, int, int, int, int)    /* Callback */
);

void sqlite3Fts5Dequote(char *z);

/*
** End of interface to code in fts5_config.c.
**************************************************************************/

/**************************************************************************
** Interface to code in fts5_index.c. fts5_index.c contains contains code
** to access the data stored in the %_data table.
*/

typedef struct Fts5Index Fts5Index;
typedef struct Fts5IndexIter Fts5IndexIter;

/*
** Values used as part of the flags argument passed to IndexQuery().
*/
#define FTS5INDEX_QUERY_PREFIX 0x0001       /* Prefix query */
#define FTS5INDEX_QUERY_ASC    0x0002       /* Docs in ascending rowid order */
#define FTS5INDEX_QUERY_MATCH  0x0004       /* Use the iMatch arg to Next() */
#define FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DELETE 0x0008       /* Visit delete markers */

/*
** Create/destroy an Fts5Index object.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexOpen(Fts5Config *pConfig, int bCreate, Fts5Index**, char**);
int sqlite3Fts5IndexClose(Fts5Index *p, int bDestroy);

/*
** for(
**   pIter = sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(p, "token", 5, 0);
**   0==sqlite3Fts5IterEof(pIter);
**   sqlite3Fts5IterNext(pIter)
** ){
**   i64 iDocid = sqlite3Fts5IndexDocid(pIter);
** }
*/

/*
** Open a new iterator to iterate though all docids that match the 
** specified token or token prefix.
*/
Fts5IndexIter *sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS index to query */
  const char *pToken, int nToken, /* Token (or prefix) to query for */
  int flags                       /* Mask of FTS5INDEX_QUERY_X flags */
);

/*
** Docid list iteration.
*/
int  sqlite3Fts5IterEof(Fts5IndexIter*);
void sqlite3Fts5IterNext(Fts5IndexIter*, i64 iMatch);
int sqlite3Fts5IterSeek(Fts5IndexIter*, i64 iDocid);
i64  sqlite3Fts5IterDocid(Fts5IndexIter*);

/*
** Position list iteration.
**
**   for(
**     iPos=sqlite3Fts5IterFirstPos(pIter, iCol); 
**     iPos>=0; 
**     iPos=sqlite3Fts5IterNextPos(pIter)
**   ){
**     // token appears at position iPos of column iCol of the current document
**   }
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IterFirstPos(Fts5IndexIter*, int iCol);
int sqlite3Fts5IterNextPos(Fts5IndexIter*);

/*
** Close an iterator opened by sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery().
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IterClose(Fts5IndexIter*);

/*
** Insert or remove data to or from the index. Each time a document is 
** added to or removed from the index, this function is called one or more
** times.
**
** For an insert, it must be called once for each token in the new document.
** If the operation is a delete, it must be called (at least) once for each
** unique token in the document with an iCol value less than zero. The iPos
** argument is ignored for a delete.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexWrite(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* Index to write to */
  int iCol,                       /* Column token appears in (-ve -> delete) */
  int iPos,                       /* Position of token within column */
  const char *pToken, int nToken  /* Token to add or remove to or from index */
);

/*
** Indicate that subsequent calls to sqlite3Fts5IndexWrite() pertain to
** document iDocid.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexBeginWrite(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* Index to write to */
  i64 iDocid                      /* Docid to add or remove data from */
);

/*
** Flush any data stored in the in-memory hash tables to the database.
**
** This is called whenever (a) the main transaction is committed or (b) a 
** new sub-transaction is opened.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexFlush(Fts5Index *p);

int sqlite3Fts5IndexSync(Fts5Index *p);

/*
** Discard any data stored in the in-memory hash tables. Do not write it
** to the database. Additionally, assume that the contents of the %_data
** table may have changed on disk. So any in-memory caches of %_data 
** records must be invalidated.
**
** This is called (a) whenever a main or sub-transaction is rolled back, 
** and (b) whenever the read transaction is closed.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexRollback(Fts5Index *p);

/*
** Retrieve and clear the current error code, respectively.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexErrcode(Fts5Index*);
void sqlite3Fts5IndexReset(Fts5Index*);

/*
** Get (bSet==0) or set (bSet!=0) the "averages" record.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexAverages(Fts5Index *p, int bSet, int nAvg, int *aAvg);

/*
** Functions called by the storage module as part of integrity-check.
*/
u64 sqlite3Fts5IndexCksum(Fts5Config*,i64,int,int,const char*,int);
int sqlite3Fts5IndexIntegrityCheck(Fts5Index*, u64 cksum);

/* Called during startup to register a UDF with SQLite */
int sqlite3Fts5IndexInit(sqlite3*);

void sqlite3Fts5IndexPgsz(Fts5Index *p, int pgsz);

/*
** End of interface to code in fts5_index.c.
**************************************************************************/

/**************************************************************************
** Interface to code in fts5_storage.c. fts5_storage.c contains contains 
** code to access the data stored in the %_content and %_docsize tables.
*/
typedef struct Fts5Storage Fts5Storage;

int sqlite3Fts5StorageOpen(Fts5Config*, Fts5Index*, int, Fts5Storage**, char**);
int sqlite3Fts5StorageClose(Fts5Storage *p, int bDestroy);

int sqlite3Fts5DropTable(Fts5Config*, const char *zPost);
int sqlite3Fts5CreateTable(Fts5Config*, const char*, const char*, char **pzErr);

int sqlite3Fts5StorageDelete(Fts5Storage *p, i64);
int sqlite3Fts5StorageInsert(Fts5Storage *p, sqlite3_value **apVal, int, i64*);

int sqlite3Fts5StorageIntegrity(Fts5Storage *p);

/*
** End of interface to code in fts5_storage.c.
**************************************************************************/


/**************************************************************************
** Interface to code in fts5_expr.c. 
*/
typedef struct Fts5Expr Fts5Expr;
typedef struct Fts5Parse Fts5Parse;
typedef struct Fts5Token Fts5Token;
typedef struct Fts5ExprPhrase Fts5ExprPhrase;
typedef struct Fts5ExprNearset Fts5ExprNearset;

struct Fts5Token {
  const char *p;                  /* Token text (not NULL terminated) */
  int n;                          /* Size of buffer p in bytes */
};

int sqlite3Fts5ExprNew(
  Fts5Config *pConfig, 
  Fts5Index *pIdx, 
  const char *zExpr,
  Fts5Expr **ppNew, 
  char **pzErr
);

int sqlite3Fts5ExprFirst(Fts5Expr *p);
int sqlite3Fts5ExprNext(Fts5Expr *p);
int sqlite3Fts5ExprEof(Fts5Expr *p);
i64 sqlite3Fts5ExprRowid(Fts5Expr *p);

void sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(Fts5Expr *p);

// int sqlite3Fts5IterFirstPos(Fts5Expr*, int iCol, int *piPos);
// int sqlite3Fts5IterNextPos(Fts5Expr*, int *piPos);

/* Called during startup to register a UDF with SQLite */
int sqlite3Fts5ExprInit(sqlite3*);

/*******************************************
** The fts5_expr.c API above this point is used by the other hand-written
** C code in this module. The interfaces below this point are called by
** the parser code in fts5parse.y.  */

void sqlite3Fts5ParseError(Fts5Parse *pParse, const char *zFmt, ...);

Fts5Expr *sqlite3Fts5ParseExpr(
  Fts5Parse *pParse, 
  int eType, 
  Fts5Expr *pLeft, 
  Fts5Expr *pRight, 
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear
);

Fts5ExprPhrase *sqlite3Fts5ParseTerm(
  Fts5Parse *pParse, 
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase, 
  Fts5Token *pToken,
  int bPrefix
);

Fts5ExprNearset *sqlite3Fts5ParseNearset(
  Fts5Parse*, 
  Fts5ExprNearset*,
  Fts5ExprPhrase* 
);

void sqlite3Fts5ParsePhraseFree(Fts5ExprPhrase*);
void sqlite3Fts5ParseNearsetFree(Fts5ExprNearset*);

void sqlite3Fts5ParseSetDistance(Fts5Parse*, Fts5ExprNearset*, Fts5Token*);
void sqlite3Fts5ParseSetColumn(Fts5Parse*, Fts5ExprNearset*, Fts5Token*);
void sqlite3Fts5ParseFinished(Fts5Parse *pParse, Fts5Expr *p);
void sqlite3Fts5ParseNear(Fts5Parse *pParse, Fts5Token*);


/*
** End of interface to code in fts5_expr.c.
**************************************************************************/

#endif

Added ext/fts5/fts5_config.c.





























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 Jun 09
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This is an SQLite module implementing full-text search.
*/

#include "fts5Int.h"

/*
** Convert an SQL-style quoted string into a normal string by removing
** the quote characters.  The conversion is done in-place.  If the
** input does not begin with a quote character, then this routine
** is a no-op.
**
** Examples:
**
**     "abc"   becomes   abc
**     'xyz'   becomes   xyz
**     [pqr]   becomes   pqr
**     `mno`   becomes   mno
*/
void sqlite3Fts5Dequote(char *z){
  char quote;                     /* Quote character (if any ) */

  quote = z[0];
  if( quote=='[' || quote=='\'' || quote=='"' || quote=='`' ){
    int iIn = 1;                  /* Index of next byte to read from input */
    int iOut = 0;                 /* Index of next byte to write to output */

    /* If the first byte was a '[', then the close-quote character is a ']' */
    if( quote=='[' ) quote = ']';  

    while( ALWAYS(z[iIn]) ){
      if( z[iIn]==quote ){
        if( z[iIn+1]!=quote ) break;
        z[iOut++] = quote;
        iIn += 2;
      }else{
        z[iOut++] = z[iIn++];
      }
    }
    z[iOut] = '\0';
  }
}

/*
** Parse the "special" CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE directive and update
** configuration object pConfig as appropriate.
**
** If successful, object pConfig is updated and SQLITE_OK returned. If
** an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and an error message
** may be left in *pzErr. It is the responsibility of the caller to
** eventually free any such error message using sqlite3_free().
*/
static int fts5ConfigParseSpecial(
  Fts5Config *pConfig,            /* Configuration object to update */
  char *zCmd,                     /* Special command to parse */
  char *zArg,                     /* Argument to parse */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message */
){
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zCmd, "prefix")==0 ){
    char *p;
    if( pConfig->aPrefix ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("multiple prefix=... directives");
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pConfig->aPrefix = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(int) * FTS5_MAX_PREFIX_INDEXES);
    p = zArg;
    while( p[0] ){
      int nPre = 0;
      while( p[0]==' ' ) p++;
      while( p[0]>='0' && p[0]<='9' && nPre<1000 ){
        nPre = nPre*10 + (p[0] - '0');
        p++;
      }
      while( p[0]==' ' ) p++;
      if( p[0]==',' ){
        p++;
      }else if( p[0] ){
        *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("malformed prefix=... directive");
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      if( nPre==0 || nPre>=1000 ){
        *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("prefix length out of range: %d", nPre);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pConfig->aPrefix[pConfig->nPrefix] = nPre;
      pConfig->nPrefix++;
    }
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("unrecognized directive: \"%s\"", zCmd);
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** Duplicate the string passed as the only argument into a buffer allocated
** by sqlite3_malloc().
**
** Return 0 if an OOM error is encountered.
*/
static char *fts5Strdup(const char *z){
  return sqlite3_mprintf("%s", z);
}

void sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module**);

/*
** Allocate an instance of the default tokenizer ("simple") at 
** Fts5Config.pTokenizer. Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error
** code if an error occurs.
*/
static int fts5ConfigDefaultTokenizer(Fts5Config *pConfig){
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pMod; /* Tokenizer module "simple" */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;  /* Tokenizer instance */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(&pMod);
  rc = pMod->xCreate(0, 0, &pTokenizer);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTokenizer->pModule = pMod;
    pConfig->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Arguments nArg/azArg contain the string arguments passed to the xCreate
** or xConnect method of the virtual table. This function attempts to 
** allocate an instance of Fts5Config containing the results of parsing
** those arguments.
**
** If successful, SQLITE_OK is returned and *ppOut is set to point to the
** new Fts5Config object. If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is 
** returned, *ppOut is set to NULL and an error message may be left in
** *pzErr. It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free any 
** such error message using sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3Fts5ConfigParse(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int nArg,                       /* Number of arguments */
  const char **azArg,             /* Array of nArg CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE args */
  Fts5Config **ppOut,             /* OUT: Results of parse */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  Fts5Config *pRet;               /* New object to return */

  *ppOut = pRet = (Fts5Config*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts5Config));
  if( pRet==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pRet, 0, sizeof(Fts5Config));
  pRet->db = db;

  pRet->azCol = (char**)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(char*) * nArg);
  pRet->zDb = fts5Strdup(azArg[1]);
  pRet->zName = fts5Strdup(azArg[2]);
  if( pRet->azCol==0 || pRet->zDb==0 || pRet->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    int i;
    for(i=3; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nArg; i++){
      char *zDup = fts5Strdup(azArg[i]);
      if( zDup==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{

        /* Check if this is a special directive - "cmd=arg" */
        if( zDup[0]!='"' && zDup[0]!='\'' && zDup[0]!='[' && zDup[0]!='`' ){
          char *p = zDup;
          while( *p && *p!='=' ) p++;
          if( *p ){
            char *zArg = &p[1];
            *p = '\0';
            sqlite3Fts5Dequote(zArg);
            rc = fts5ConfigParseSpecial(pRet, zDup, zArg, pzErr);
            sqlite3_free(zDup);
            zDup = 0;
          }
        }

        /* If it is not a special directive, it must be a column name */
        if( zDup ){
          sqlite3Fts5Dequote(zDup);
          pRet->azCol[pRet->nCol++] = zDup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pRet->pTokenizer==0 ){
    rc = fts5ConfigDefaultTokenizer(pRet);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3Fts5ConfigFree(pRet);
    *ppOut = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free the configuration object passed as the only argument.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5ConfigFree(Fts5Config *pConfig){
  if( pConfig ){
    int i;
    if( pConfig->pTokenizer ){
      pConfig->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(pConfig->pTokenizer);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pConfig->zDb);
    sqlite3_free(pConfig->zName);
    for(i=0; i<pConfig->nCol; i++){
      sqlite3_free(pConfig->azCol[i]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pConfig->azCol);
    sqlite3_free(pConfig->aPrefix);
    sqlite3_free(pConfig);
  }
}

/*
** Call sqlite3_declare_vtab() based on the contents of the configuration
** object passed as the only argument. Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or
** an SQLite error code if an error occurs.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5ConfigDeclareVtab(Fts5Config *pConfig){
  int i;
  int rc;
  char *zSql;
  char *zOld;

  zSql = (char*)sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE x(");
  for(i=0; zSql && i<pConfig->nCol; i++){
    zOld = zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%s%Q", zOld, (i==0?"":", "), pConfig->azCol[i]);
    sqlite3_free(zOld);
  }

  if( zSql ){
    zOld = zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("%s, %Q HIDDEN)", zOld, pConfig->zName);
    sqlite3_free(zOld);
  }

  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(pConfig->db, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  
  return rc;
}

/*
** Tokenize the text passed via the second and third arguments.
**
** The callback is invoked once for each token in the input text. The
** arguments passed to it are, in order:
**
**     void *pCtx          // Copy of 4th argument to sqlite3Fts5Tokenize()
**     const char *pToken  // Pointer to buffer containing token
**     int nToken          // Size of token in bytes
**     int iStart          // Byte offset of start of token within input text
**     int iEnd            // Byte offset of end of token within input text
**     int iPos            // Position of token in input (first token is 0)
**
** If the callback returns a non-zero value the tokenization is abandoned
** and no further callbacks are issued. 
**
** This function returns SQLITE_OK if successful or an SQLite error code
** if an error occurs. If the tokenization was abandoned early because
** the callback returned SQLITE_DONE, this is not an error and this function
** still returns SQLITE_OK. Or, if the tokenization was abandoned early
** because the callback returned another non-zero value, it is assumed
** to be an SQLite error code and returned to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(
  Fts5Config *pConfig,            /* FTS5 Configuration object */
  const char *pText, int nText,   /* Text to tokenize */
  void *pCtx,                     /* Context passed to xToken() */
  int (*xToken)(void*, const char*, int, int, int, int)    /* Callback */
){
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pMod = pConfig->pTokenizer->pModule;
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCsr = 0;
  int rc;

  rc = pMod->xOpen(pConfig->pTokenizer, pText, nText, &pCsr);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pCsr==0 );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *pToken;           /* Pointer to token buffer */
    int nToken;                   /* Size of token in bytes */
    int iStart, iEnd, iPos;       /* Start, end and position of token */
    pCsr->pTokenizer = pConfig->pTokenizer;
    for(rc = pMod->xNext(pCsr, &pToken, &nToken, &iStart, &iEnd, &iPos);
        rc==SQLITE_OK;
        rc = pMod->xNext(pCsr, &pToken, &nToken, &iStart, &iEnd, &iPos)
    ){
      if( (rc = xToken(pCtx, pToken, nToken, iStart, iEnd, iPos)) ) break;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
    pMod->xClose(pCsr);
  }
  return rc;
}


Added ext/fts5/fts5_expr.c.





























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 May 31
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
*/

#include "fts5Int.h"
#include "fts5parse.h"

/*
** All token types in the generated fts5parse.h file are greater than 0.
*/
#define FTS5_EOF 0

typedef struct Fts5ExprTerm Fts5ExprTerm;

/*
** Functions generated by lemon from fts5parse.y.
*/
void *sqlite3Fts5ParserAlloc(void *(*mallocProc)(size_t));
void sqlite3Fts5ParserFree(void*, void (*freeProc)(void*));
void sqlite3Fts5Parser(void*, int, Fts5Token, Fts5Parse*);

/*
** eType:
**   Expression node type. Always one of:
**
**       FTS5_AND                 (pLeft, pRight valid)
**       FTS5_OR                  (pLeft, pRight valid)
**       FTS5_NOT                 (pLeft, pRight valid)
**       FTS5_STRING              (pNear valid)
*/
struct Fts5Expr {
  int eType;                      /* Node type */
  Fts5Expr *pLeft;                /* Left hand child node */
  Fts5Expr *pRight;               /* Right hand child node */
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear;         /* For FTS5_STRING - cluster of phrases */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure represents a single search term
** or term prefix.
*/
struct Fts5ExprTerm {
  int bPrefix;                    /* True for a prefix term */
  char *zTerm;                    /* nul-terminated term */
};

/*
** A phrase. One or more terms that must appear in a contiguous sequence
** within a document for it to match.
*/
struct Fts5ExprPhrase {
  int nTerm;                      /* Number of entries in aTerm[] */
  Fts5ExprTerm aTerm[0];          /* Terms that make up this phrase */
};

/*
** One or more phrases that must appear within a certain token distance of
** each other within each matching document.
*/
struct Fts5ExprNearset {
  int nNear;                      /* NEAR parameter */
  int iCol;                       /* Column to search (-1 -> all columns) */
  int nPhrase;                    /* Number of entries in aPhrase[] array */
  Fts5ExprPhrase *apPhrase[0];    /* Array of phrase pointers */
};


/*
** Parse context.
*/
struct Fts5Parse {
  Fts5Config *pConfig;
  char *zErr;
  int rc;
  Fts5Expr *pExpr;                /* Result of a successful parse */
};

void sqlite3Fts5ParseError(Fts5Parse *pParse, const char *zFmt, ...){
  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, zFmt);
    pParse->zErr = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
}

static int fts5ExprIsspace(char t){
  return t==' ' || t=='\t' || t=='\n' || t=='\r';
}

static int fts5ExprIstoken(char t){
  return fts5ExprIsspace(t)==0 && t!='\0' 
      && t!=':' && t!='(' && t!=')' 
      && t!=',' && t!='+' && t!='*';
}

/*
** Read the first token from the nul-terminated string at *pz.
*/
static int fts5ExprGetToken(
  Fts5Parse *pParse, 
  const char **pz,                /* IN/OUT: Pointer into buffer */
  Fts5Token *pToken
){
  const char *z = *pz;
  int tok;

  /* Skip past any whitespace */
  while( fts5ExprIsspace(*z) ) z++;

  pToken->p = z;
  pToken->n = 1;
  switch( *z ){
    case '(':  tok = FTS5_LP;    break;
    case ')':  tok = FTS5_RP;    break;
    case ':':  tok = FTS5_COLON; break;
    case ',':  tok = FTS5_COMMA; break;
    case '+':  tok = FTS5_PLUS;  break;
    case '*':  tok = FTS5_STAR;  break;
    case '\0': tok = FTS5_EOF;   break;

    case '"': {
      const char *z2;
      tok = FTS5_STRING;

      for(z2=&z[1]; 1; z2++){
        if( z2[0]=='"' ){
          z2++;
          if( z2[0]!='"' ) break;
        }
        if( z2[0]=='\0' ){
          sqlite3Fts5ParseError(pParse, "unterminated string");
          return FTS5_EOF;
        }
      }
      pToken->n = (z2 - z);
      break;
    }

    default: {
      const char *z2;
      tok = FTS5_STRING;
      for(z2=&z[1]; fts5ExprIstoken(*z2); z2++);
      pToken->n = (z2 - z);
      if( pToken->n==2 && memcmp(pToken->p, "OR", 2)==0 )  tok = FTS5_OR;
      if( pToken->n==3 && memcmp(pToken->p, "NOT", 3)==0 ) tok = FTS5_NOT;
      if( pToken->n==3 && memcmp(pToken->p, "AND", 3)==0 ) tok = FTS5_AND;
      break;
    }
  }

  *pz = &pToken->p[pToken->n];
  return tok;
}

static void *fts5ParseAlloc(size_t t){ return sqlite3_malloc((int)t); }
static void fts5ParseFree(void *p){ sqlite3_free(p); }

int sqlite3Fts5ExprNew(
  Fts5Config *pConfig, 
  Fts5Index *pIdx, 
  const char *zExpr,              /* Expression text */
  Fts5Expr **ppNew, 
  char **pzErr
){
  Fts5Parse sParse;
  Fts5Token token;
  const char *z = zExpr;
  int t;                          /* Next token type */
  void *pEngine;

  *ppNew = 0;
  *pzErr = 0;
  memset(&sParse, 0, sizeof(sParse));
  pEngine = sqlite3Fts5ParserAlloc(fts5ParseAlloc);
  if( pEngine==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  sParse.pConfig = pConfig;

  do {
    t = fts5ExprGetToken(&sParse, &z, &token);
    sqlite3Fts5Parser(pEngine, t, token, &sParse);
  }while( sParse.rc==SQLITE_OK && t!=FTS5_EOF );
  sqlite3Fts5ParserFree(pEngine, fts5ParseFree);

  assert( sParse.pExpr==0 || (sParse.rc==SQLITE_OK && sParse.zErr==0) );
  *ppNew = sParse.pExpr;
  *pzErr = sParse.zErr;
  return sParse.rc;
}

/*
** Free the object passed as the only argument.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(Fts5Expr *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(p->pLeft);
    sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(p->pRight);
    sqlite3Fts5ParseNearsetFree(p->pNear);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Argument pIn points to a buffer of nIn bytes. This function allocates
** and returns a new buffer populated with a copy of (pIn/nIn) with a 
** nul-terminator byte appended to it.
**
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free the returned
** buffer using sqlite3_free(). If an OOM error occurs, NULL is returned. 
*/
static char *fts5Strdup(const char *pIn, int nIn){
  char *zRet = (char*)sqlite3_malloc(nIn+1);
  if( zRet ){
    memcpy(zRet, pIn, nIn);
    zRet[nIn] = '\0';
  }
  return zRet;
}

static int fts5ParseStringFromToken(Fts5Token *pToken, char **pz){
  *pz = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s", pToken->n, pToken->p);
  if( *pz==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Free the phrase object passed as the only argument.
*/
static void fts5ExprPhraseFree(Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase){
  if( pPhrase ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pPhrase->nTerm; i++){
      sqlite3_free(pPhrase->aTerm[i].zTerm);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pPhrase);
  }
}

/*
** If argument pNear is NULL, then a new Fts5ExprNearset object is allocated
** and populated with pPhrase. Or, if pNear is not NULL, phrase pPhrase is
** appended to it and the results returned.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, both the pNear and pPhrase objects are freed and
** NULL returned.
*/
Fts5ExprNearset *sqlite3Fts5ParseNearset(
  Fts5Parse *pParse,              /* Parse context */
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear,         /* Existing nearset, or NULL */
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase         /* Recently parsed phrase */
){
  const int SZALLOC = 8;
  Fts5ExprNearset *pRet = 0;

  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pNear==0 ){
      int nByte = sizeof(Fts5ExprNearset) + SZALLOC * sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase*);
      pRet = sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
      if( pRet==0 ){
        pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pRet, 0, nByte);
        pRet->iCol = -1;
      }
    }else if( (pNear->nPhrase % SZALLOC)==0 ){
      int nNew = pRet->nPhrase + SZALLOC;
      int nByte = sizeof(Fts5ExprNearset) + nNew * sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase*);

      pRet = (Fts5ExprNearset*)sqlite3_realloc(pNear, nByte);
      if( pRet==0 ){
        pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }else{
      pRet = pNear;
    }
  }

  if( pRet==0 ){
    assert( pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    sqlite3Fts5ParseNearsetFree(pNear);
    sqlite3Fts5ParsePhraseFree(pPhrase);
  }else{
    pRet->apPhrase[pRet->nPhrase++] = pPhrase;
  }
  return pRet;
}

typedef struct TokenCtx TokenCtx;
struct TokenCtx {
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase;
};

/*
** Callback for tokenizing terms used by ParseTerm().
*/
static int fts5ParseTokenize(
  void *pContext,                 /* Pointer to Fts5InsertCtx object */
  const char *pToken,             /* Buffer containing token */
  int nToken,                     /* Size of token in bytes */
  int iStart,                     /* Start offset of token */
  int iEnd,                       /* End offset of token */
  int iPos                        /* Position offset of token */
){
  const int SZALLOC = 8;
  TokenCtx *pCtx = (TokenCtx*)pContext;
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pCtx->pPhrase;
  Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm;

  if( pPhrase==0 || (pPhrase->nTerm % SZALLOC)==0 ){
    Fts5ExprPhrase *pNew;
    int nNew = SZALLOC + (pPhrase ? pPhrase->nTerm : 0);

    pNew = (Fts5ExprPhrase*)sqlite3_realloc(pPhrase, 
        sizeof(Fts5ExprPhrase) + sizeof(Fts5ExprTerm) * nNew
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    pCtx->pPhrase = pPhrase = pNew;
    pNew->nTerm = nNew - SZALLOC;
  }

  pTerm = &pPhrase->aTerm[pPhrase->nTerm++];
  pTerm->bPrefix = 0;
  
  pTerm->zTerm = fts5Strdup(pToken, nToken);
  return pTerm->zTerm ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM;
}


/*
** Free the phrase object passed as the only argument.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5ParsePhraseFree(Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase){
  fts5ExprPhraseFree(pPhrase);
}

/*
** Free the phrase object passed as the second argument.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5ParseNearsetFree(Fts5ExprNearset *pNear){
  if( pNear ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
      fts5ExprPhraseFree(pNear->apPhrase[i]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pNear);
  }
}

void sqlite3Fts5ParseFinished(Fts5Parse *pParse, Fts5Expr *p){
  assert( pParse->pExpr==0 );
  pParse->pExpr = p;
}

/*
** This function is called by the parser to process a string token. The
** string may or may not be quoted. In any case it is tokenized and a
** phrase object consisting of all tokens returned.
*/
Fts5ExprPhrase *sqlite3Fts5ParseTerm(
  Fts5Parse *pParse,              /* Parse context */
  Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase,        /* Phrase to append to */
  Fts5Token *pToken,              /* String to tokenize */
  int bPrefix                     /* True if there is a trailing "*" */
){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = pParse->pConfig;
  TokenCtx sCtx;                  /* Context object passed to callback */
  int rc;                         /* Tokenize return code */
  char *z = 0;

  pParse->rc = fts5ParseStringFromToken(pToken, &z);
  if( z==0 ) return 0;
  sqlite3Fts5Dequote(z);

  memset(&sCtx, 0, sizeof(TokenCtx));
  sCtx.pPhrase = pPhrase;
  rc = sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(pConfig, z, strlen(z), &sCtx, fts5ParseTokenize);
  if( rc ){
    pParse->rc = rc;
    fts5ExprPhraseFree(sCtx.pPhrase);
    sCtx.pPhrase = 0;
  }else if( sCtx.pPhrase->nTerm>0 ){
    sCtx.pPhrase->aTerm[sCtx.pPhrase->nTerm-1].bPrefix = bPrefix;
  }

  sqlite3_free(z);
  return sCtx.pPhrase;
}

void sqlite3Fts5ParseNear(Fts5Parse *pParse, Fts5Token *pTok){
  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pTok->n!=4 || memcmp("NEAR", pTok->p, 4) ){
      sqlite3Fts5ParseError(
          pParse, "syntax error near \"%.*s\"", pTok->n, pTok->p
      );
    }
  }
}

void sqlite3Fts5ParseSetDistance(
  Fts5Parse *pParse, 
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear, 
  Fts5Token *p
){
  int nNear = 0;
  int i;
  if( p->n ){
    for(i=0; i<p->n; i++){
      char c = (char)p->p[i];
      if( c<'0' || c>'9' ){
        sqlite3Fts5ParseError(
            pParse, "expected integer, got \"%.*s\"", p->n, p->p
        );
        return;
      }
      nNear = nNear * 10 + (p->p[i] - '0');
    }
  }else{
    nNear = FTS5_DEFAULT_NEARDIST;
  }
  pNear->nNear = nNear;
}

void sqlite3Fts5ParseSetColumn(
  Fts5Parse *pParse, 
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear, 
  Fts5Token *p
){
  char *z = 0;
  int rc = fts5ParseStringFromToken(p, &z);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5Config *pConfig = pParse->pConfig;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pConfig->nCol; i++){
      if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(pConfig->azCol[i], z) ){
        pNear->iCol = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i==pConfig->nCol ){
      sqlite3Fts5ParseError(pParse, "no such column: %s", z);
    }
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }else{
    pParse->rc = rc;
  }
}

/*
** Allocate and return a new expression object. If anything goes wrong (i.e.
** OOM error), leave an error code in pParse and return NULL.
*/
Fts5Expr *sqlite3Fts5ParseExpr(
  Fts5Parse *pParse,              /* Parse context */
  int eType,                      /* FTS5_STRING, AND, OR or NOT */
  Fts5Expr *pLeft,                /* Left hand child expression */
  Fts5Expr *pRight,               /* Right hand child expression */
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear          /* For STRING expressions, the near cluster */
){
  Fts5Expr *pRet = 0;

  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( (eType!=FTS5_STRING && pLeft  && pRight  && !pNear)
        || (eType==FTS5_STRING && !pLeft && !pRight && pNear)
    );
    pRet = (Fts5Expr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts5Expr));
    if( pRet==0 ){
      pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      memset(pRet, 0, sizeof(*pRet));
      pRet->eType = eType;
      pRet->pLeft = pLeft;
      pRet->pRight = pRight;
      pRet->pNear = pNear;
    }
  }

  if( pRet==0 ){
    assert( pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(pLeft);
    sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(pRight);
    sqlite3Fts5ParseNearsetFree(pNear);
  }
  return pRet;
}

static char *fts5ExprTermPrint(Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm){
  char *zQuoted = sqlite3_malloc(strlen(pTerm->zTerm) * 2 + 3 + 2);
  if( zQuoted ){
    int i = 0;
    char *zIn = pTerm->zTerm;
    zQuoted[i++] = '"';
    while( *zIn ){
      if( *zIn=='"' ) zQuoted[i++] = '"';
      zQuoted[i++] = *zIn++;
    }
    zQuoted[i++] = '"';
    if( pTerm->bPrefix ){
      zQuoted[i++] = ' ';
      zQuoted[i++] = '*';
    }
    zQuoted[i++] = '\0';
  }
  return zQuoted;
}

static char *fts5PrintfAppend(char *zApp, const char *zFmt, ...){
  char *zNew;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zNew = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zApp ){
    char *zNew2 = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%s", zApp, zNew);
    sqlite3_free(zNew);
    zNew = zNew2;
  }
  sqlite3_free(zApp);
  return zNew;
}

static char *fts5ExprPrint(Fts5Config *pConfig, Fts5Expr *pExpr){
  char *zRet = 0;
  if( pExpr->eType==FTS5_STRING ){
    Fts5ExprNearset *pNear = pExpr->pNear;
    int i; 
    int iTerm;

    if( pNear->iCol>=0 ){
      zRet = fts5PrintfAppend(zRet, "%s : ", pConfig->azCol[pNear->iCol]);
      if( zRet==0 ) return 0;
    }

    if( pNear->nPhrase>1 ){
      zRet = fts5PrintfAppend(zRet, "NEAR(");
      if( zRet==0 ) return 0;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
      Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pNear->apPhrase[i];
      if( i!=0 ){
        zRet = fts5PrintfAppend(zRet, " ");
        if( zRet==0 ) return 0;
      }
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pPhrase->nTerm; iTerm++){
        char *zTerm = fts5ExprTermPrint(&pPhrase->aTerm[iTerm]);
        if( zTerm ){
          zRet = fts5PrintfAppend(zRet, "%s%s", iTerm==0?"":" + ", zTerm);
          sqlite3_free(zTerm);
        }
        if( zTerm==0 || zRet==0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zRet);
          return 0;
        }
      }
    }

    if( pNear->nPhrase>1 ){
      zRet = fts5PrintfAppend(zRet, ", %d)", pNear->nNear);
      if( zRet==0 ) return 0;
    }

  }else{
    char *zOp = 0;
    char *z1 = 0;
    char *z2 = 0;
    switch( pExpr->eType ){
      case FTS5_AND: zOp = "AND"; break;
      case FTS5_NOT: zOp = "NOT"; break;
      case FTS5_OR:  zOp = "OR"; break;
      default: assert( 0 );
    }

    z1 = fts5ExprPrint(pConfig, pExpr->pLeft);
    z2 = fts5ExprPrint(pConfig, pExpr->pRight);
    if( z1 && z2 ){
      int b1 = pExpr->pLeft->eType!=FTS5_STRING;
      int b2 = pExpr->pRight->eType!=FTS5_STRING;
      zRet = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%s%s %s %s%s%s", 
          b1 ? "(" : "", z1, b1 ? ")" : "",
          zOp, 
          b2 ? "(" : "", z2, b2 ? ")" : ""
      );
    }
    sqlite3_free(z1);
    sqlite3_free(z2);
  }

  return zRet;
}

/*
** The implementation of user-defined scalar function fts5_expr().
*/
static void fts5ExprFunction(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Function arguments */
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(pCtx);
  const char *zExpr = 0;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Fts5Expr *pExpr = 0;
  int rc;
  int i;

  const char **azConfig;          /* Array of arguments for Fts5Config */
  int nConfig;                    /* Size of azConfig[] */
  Fts5Config *pConfig = 0;

  nConfig = nArg + 2;
  azConfig = (const char**)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(char*) * nConfig);
  if( azConfig==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
    return;
  }
  azConfig[0] = 0;
  azConfig[1] = "main";
  azConfig[2] = "tbl";
  for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
    azConfig[i+2] = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[i]);
  }
  zExpr = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

  rc = sqlite3Fts5ConfigParse(db, nConfig, azConfig, &pConfig, &zErr);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5ExprNew(pConfig, 0, zExpr, &pExpr, &zErr);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    char *zText = fts5ExprPrint(pConfig, pExpr);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zText, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3_free(zText);
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zErr ){
      sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErr, -1);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(azConfig);
  sqlite3Fts5ConfigFree(pConfig);
  sqlite3Fts5ExprFree(pExpr);
}

/*
** This is called during initialization to register the fts5_expr() scalar
** UDF with the SQLite handle passed as the only argument.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5ExprInit(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "fts5_expr", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, fts5ExprFunction, 0, 0
  );
  return rc;
}

Added ext/fts5/fts5_index.c.

















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 May 31
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** Low level access to the FTS index stored in the database file. The 
** routines in this file file implement all read and write access to the
** %_data table. Other parts of the system access this functionality via
** the interface defined in fts5Int.h.
*/

#include "fts5Int.h"
#include "fts3_hash.h"

/*
** Overview:
**
** The %_data table contains all the FTS indexes for an FTS5 virtual table.
** As well as the main term index, there may be up to 31 prefix indexes.
** The format is similar to FTS3/4, except that:
**
**   * all segment b-tree leaf data is stored in fixed size page records 
**     (e.g. 1000 bytes). A single doclist may span multiple pages. Care is 
**     taken to ensure it is possible to iterate in either direction through 
**     the entries in a doclist, or to seek to a specific entry within a 
**     doclist, without loading it into memory.
**
**   * large doclists that span many pages have associated "doclist index"
**     records that contain a copy of the first docid on each page spanned by
**     the doclist. This is used to speed up seek operations, and merges of
**     large doclists with very small doclists.
**
**   * extra fields in the "structure record" record the state of ongoing
**     incremental merge operations.
**
*/

#define FTS5_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE   1000

#define FTS5_WORK_UNIT      64    /* Number of leaf pages in unit of work */
#define FTS5_MIN_MERGE       4    /* Minimum number of segments to merge */

/*
** Details:
**
** The %_data table managed by this module,
**
**     CREATE TABLE %_data(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, block BLOB);
**
** , contains the following 5 types of records. See the comments surrounding
** the FTS5_*_ROWID macros below for a description of how %_data rowids are 
** assigned to each fo them.
**
** 1. Structure Records:
**
**   The set of segments that make up an index - the index structure - are
**   recorded in a single record within the %_data table. The record is a list
**   of SQLite varints. 
**
**   For each level from 0 to nMax:
**
**     + number of input segments in ongoing merge.
**     + total number of segments in level.
**     + for each segment from oldest to newest:
**         + segment id (always > 0)
**         + b-tree height (1 -> root is leaf, 2 -> root is parent of leaf etc.)
**         + first leaf page number (often 1)
**         + final leaf page number
**
** 2. The Averages Record:
**
**   A single record within the %_data table. The data is a list of varints.
**   The first value is the number of rows in the index. Then, for each column
**   from left to right, the total number of tokens in the column for all 
**   rows of the table.
**
** 3. Segment leaves:
**
**   TERM DOCLIST FORMAT:
**
**     Most of each segment leaf is taken up by term/doclist data. The 
**     general format of the term/doclist data is:
**
**         varint : size of first term
**         blob:    first term data
**         doclist: first doclist
**         zero-or-more {
**           varint:  number of bytes in common with previous term
**           varint:  number of bytes of new term data (nNew)
**           blob:    nNew bytes of new term data
**           doclist: next doclist
**         }
**
**     doclist format:
**
**         varint:  first rowid
**         poslist: first poslist
**         zero-or-more {
**           varint:  rowid delta (always > 0)
**           poslist: first poslist
**         }
**         0x00 byte
**
**     poslist format:
**
**         collist: collist for column 0
**         zero-or-more {
**           0x01 byte
**           varint: column number (I)
**           collist: collist for column I
**         }
**         0x00 byte
**
**     collist format:
**
**         varint: first offset + 2
**         zero-or-more {
**           varint: offset delta + 2
**         }
**
**   PAGINATION
**
**     The format described above is only accurate if the entire term/doclist
**     data fits on a single leaf page. If this is not the case, the format
**     is changed in two ways:
**
**       + if the first rowid on a page occurs before the first term, it
**         is stored as a literal value:
**
**             varint:  first rowid
**
**       + the first term on each page is stored in the same way as the
**         very first term of the segment:
**
**             varint : size of first term
**             blob:    first term data
**
**     Each leaf page begins with:
**
**       + 2-byte unsigned containing offset to first rowid (or 0).
**       + 2-byte unsigned containing offset to first term (or 0).
**
**   Followed by term/doclist data.
**
** 4. Segment interior nodes:
**
**   The interior nodes turn the list of leaves into a b+tree. 
**
**   Each interior node begins with a varint - the page number of the left
**   most child node. Following this, for each leaf page except the first,
**   the interior nodes contain:
**
**     a) If the leaf page contains at least one term, then a term-prefix that
**        is greater than all previous terms, and less than or equal to the
**        first term on the leaf page.
**
**     b) If the leaf page no terms, a record indicating how many consecutive
**        leaves contain no terms, and whether or not there is an associated
**        by-rowid index record.
**
**   By definition, there is never more than one type (b) record in a row.
**   Type (b) records only ever appear on height=1 pages - immediate parents
**   of leaves. Only type (a) records are pushed to higher levels.
**
**   Term format:
**
**     * Number of bytes in common with previous term plus 2, as a varint.
**     * Number of bytes of new term data, as a varint.
**     * new term data.
**
**   No-term format:
**
**     * either an 0x00 or 0x01 byte. If the value 0x01 is used, then there 
**       is an associated index-by-rowid record.
**     * the number of zero-term leaves as a varint.
**
** 5. Segment doclist indexes:
**
**   A list of varints - the first docid on each page (starting with the
**   second) of the doclist. First element in the list is a literal docid.
**   Each docid thereafter is a (negative) delta.
*/

/*
** Rowids for the averages and structure records in the %_data table.
*/
#define FTS5_AVERAGES_ROWID     1    /* Rowid used for the averages record */
#define FTS5_STRUCTURE_ROWID(iIdx) (10 + (iIdx))     /* For structure records */

/*
** Macros determining the rowids used by segment nodes. All nodes in all
** segments for all indexes (the regular FTS index and any prefix indexes)
** are stored in the %_data table with large positive rowids.
**
** The %_data table may contain up to (1<<FTS5_SEGMENT_INDEX_BITS) 
** indexes - one regular term index and zero or more prefix indexes.
**
** Each segment in an index has a unique id greater than zero.
**
** Each node in a segment b-tree is assigned a "page number" that is unique
** within nodes of its height within the segment (leaf nodes have a height 
** of 0, parents 1, etc.). Page numbers are allocated sequentially so that
** a nodes page number is always one more than its left sibling.
**
** The rowid for a node is then found using the FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID() macro
** below. The FTS5_SEGMENT_*_BITS macros define the number of bits used
** to encode the three FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID() arguments. This module returns
** SQLITE_FULL and fails the current operation if they ever prove too small.
*/
#define FTS5_DATA_IDX_B     5     /* Max of 31 prefix indexes */
#define FTS5_DATA_ID_B     16     /* Max seg id number 65535 */
#define FTS5_DATA_HEIGHT_B  5     /* Max b-tree height of 32 */
#define FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B   31     /* Max page number of 2147483648 */

#define FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(idx, segid, height, pgno) (                         \
 ((i64)(idx)    << (FTS5_DATA_ID_B + FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B + FTS5_DATA_HEIGHT_B)) + \
 ((i64)(segid)  << (FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B + FTS5_DATA_HEIGHT_B)) +                  \
 ((i64)(height) << (FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B)) +                                       \
 ((i64)(pgno))                                                                 \
)

#if FTS5_MAX_PREFIX_INDEXES > ((1<<FTS5_DATA_IDX_B)-1) 
# error "FTS5_MAX_PREFIX_INDEXES is too large"
#endif

/*
** The height of segment b-trees is actually limited to one less than 
** (1<<HEIGHT_BITS). This is because the rowid address space for nodes
** with such a height is used by doclist indexes.
*/
#define FTS5_SEGMENT_MAX_HEIGHT ((1 << FTS5_SEGMENT_HEIGHT_BITS)-1)

/*
** The rowid for the doclist index associated with leaf page pgno of segment
** segid in index idx.
*/
#define FTS5_DOCLIST_IDX_ROWID(idx, segid, pgno) \
        FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(idx, segid, FTS5_SEGMENT_MAX_HEIGHT, pgno)

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int fts5Corrupt() { return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB; }
# define FTS5_CORRUPT fts5Corrupt()
#else
# define FTS5_CORRUPT SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB
#endif


typedef struct Fts5BtreeIter Fts5BtreeIter;
typedef struct Fts5BtreeIterLevel Fts5BtreeIterLevel;
typedef struct Fts5Buffer Fts5Buffer;
typedef struct Fts5Data Fts5Data;
typedef struct Fts5MultiSegIter Fts5MultiSegIter;
typedef struct Fts5NodeIter Fts5NodeIter;
typedef struct Fts5PageWriter Fts5PageWriter;
typedef struct Fts5PendingDoclist Fts5PendingDoclist;
typedef struct Fts5PendingPoslist Fts5PendingPoslist;
typedef struct Fts5PosIter Fts5PosIter;
typedef struct Fts5SegIter Fts5SegIter;
typedef struct Fts5SegWriter Fts5SegWriter;
typedef struct Fts5Structure Fts5Structure;
typedef struct Fts5StructureLevel Fts5StructureLevel;
typedef struct Fts5StructureSegment Fts5StructureSegment;


/*
** One object per %_data table.
*/
struct Fts5Index {
  Fts5Config *pConfig;            /* Virtual table configuration */
  char *zDataTbl;                 /* Name of %_data table */
  int pgsz;                       /* Target page size for this index */
  int nMinMerge;                  /* Minimum input segments in a merge */
  int nWorkUnit;                  /* Leaf pages in a "unit" of work */

  /*
  ** Variables related to the accumulation of tokens and doclists within the
  ** in-memory hash tables before they are flushed to disk.
  */
  Fts3Hash *aHash;                /* One hash for terms, one for each prefix */
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  i64 iWriteRowid;                /* Rowid for current doc being written */

  /* Error state. */
  int rc;                         /* Current error code */

  /* State used by the fts5DataXXX() functions. */
  sqlite3_blob *pReader;          /* RO incr-blob open on %_data table */
  sqlite3_stmt *pWriter;          /* "INSERT ... %_data VALUES(?,?)" */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDeleter;         /* "DELETE FROM %_data ... id>=? AND id<=?" */
};

/*
** Buffer object for the incremental building of string data.
*/
struct Fts5Buffer {
  u8 *p;
  int n;
  int nSpace;
};

/*
** A single record read from the %_data table.
*/
struct Fts5Data {
  u8 *p;                          /* Pointer to buffer containing record */
  int n;                          /* Size of record in bytes */
  int nRef;                       /* Ref count */
};

/*
** Before it is flushed to a level-0 segment, term data is collected in
** the hash tables in the Fts5Index.aHash[] array. Hash table keys are
** terms (or, for prefix indexes, term prefixes) and values are instances
** of type Fts5PendingDoclist.
*/
struct Fts5PendingDoclist {
  u8 *pTerm;                      /* Term for this entry */
  int nTerm;                      /* Bytes of data at pTerm */
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pPoslist;   /* Linked list of position lists */
  int iCol;                       /* Column for last entry in pPending */
  int iPos;                       /* Pos value for last entry in pPending */
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pNext;      /* Used during merge sort */
};
struct Fts5PendingPoslist {
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid for this doclist entry */
  Fts5Buffer buf;                 /* Current doclist contents */
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pNext;      /* Previous poslist for same term */
};

/*
** The contents of the "structure" record for each index are represented
** using an Fts5Structure record in memory. Which uses instances of the 
** other Fts5StructureXXX types as components.
*/
struct Fts5StructureSegment {
  int iSegid;                     /* Segment id */
  int nHeight;                    /* Height of segment b-tree */
  int pgnoFirst;                  /* First leaf page number in segment */
  int pgnoLast;                   /* Last leaf page number in segment */
};
struct Fts5StructureLevel {
  int nMerge;                     /* Number of segments in incr-merge */
  int nSeg;                       /* Total number of segments on level */
  Fts5StructureSegment *aSeg;     /* Array of segments. aSeg[0] is oldest. */
};
struct Fts5Structure {
  u64 nWriteCounter;              /* Total leaves written to level 0 */
  int nLevel;                     /* Number of levels in this index */
  Fts5StructureLevel aLevel[0];   /* Array of nLevel level objects */
};

/*
** An object of type Fts5SegWriter is used to write to segments.
*/
struct Fts5PageWriter {
  int pgno;                       /* Page number for this page */
  Fts5Buffer buf;                 /* Buffer containing page data */
  Fts5Buffer term;                /* Buffer containing previous term on page */
};

struct Fts5SegWriter {
  int iIdx;                       /* Index to write to */
  int iSegid;                     /* Segid to write to */
  int nWriter;                    /* Number of entries in aWriter */
  Fts5PageWriter *aWriter;        /* Array of PageWriter objects */
  i64 iPrevRowid;                 /* Previous docid written to current leaf */
  u8 bFirstRowidInDoclist;        /* True if next rowid is first in doclist */
  u8 bFirstRowidInPage;           /* True if next rowid is first in page */
  int nLeafWritten;               /* Number of leaf pages written */
  int nEmpty;                     /* Number of contiguous term-less nodes */
};

/*
** Object for iterating through the merged results of one or more segments,
** visiting each term/docid pair in the merged data.
**
** nSeg is always a power of two greater than or equal to the number of
** segments that this object is merging data from. Both the aSeg[] and
** aFirst[] arrays are sized at nSeg entries. The aSeg[] array is padded
** with zeroed objects - these are handled as if they were iterators opened
** on empty segments.
**
** The results of comparing segments aSeg[N] and aSeg[N+1], where N is an
** even number, is stored in aFirst[(nSeg+N)/2]. The "result" of the 
** comparison in this context is the index of the iterator that currently
** points to the smaller term/rowid combination. Iterators at EOF are
** considered to be greater than all other iterators.
**
** aFirst[1] contains the index in aSeg[] of the iterator that points to
** the smallest key overall. aFirst[0] is unused. 
*/
struct Fts5MultiSegIter {
  int nSeg;                       /* Size of aSeg[] array */
  Fts5SegIter *aSeg;              /* Array of segment iterators */
  u16 *aFirst;                    /* Current merge state (see above) */
};

/*
** Object for iterating through a single segment, visiting each term/docid
** pair in the segment.
**
** pSeg:
**   The segment to iterate through.
**
** iLeafPgno:
**   Current leaf page number within segment.
**
** iLeafOffset:
**   Byte offset within the current leaf that is one byte past the end of the
**   rowid field of the current entry. Usually this is the first byte of 
**   the position list data. The exception is if the rowid for the current 
**   entry is the last thing on the leaf page.
**
** pLeaf:
**   Buffer containing current leaf page data. Set to NULL at EOF.
**
** iTermLeafPgno, iTermLeafOffset:
**   Leaf page number containing the last term read from the segment. And
**   the offset immediately following the term data.
*/
struct Fts5SegIter {
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg;     /* Segment to iterate through */
  int iIdx;                       /* Byte offset within current leaf */
  int iLeafPgno;                  /* Current leaf page number */
  Fts5Data *pLeaf;                /* Current leaf data */
  int iLeafOffset;                /* Byte offset within current leaf */

  int iTermLeafPgno;
  int iTermLeafOffset;

  /* Variables populated based on current entry. */
  Fts5Buffer term;                /* Current term */
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Current rowid */
};

/*
** Object for iterating through a single position list.
*/
struct Fts5PosIter {
  Fts5Data *pLeaf;                /* Current leaf data. NULL -> EOF. */
  i64 iLeafRowid;                 /* Absolute rowid of current leaf */
  int iLeafOffset;                /* Current offset within leaf */

  int iCol;
  int iPos;
};

/*
** Object for iterating through the conents of a single internal node in 
** memory.
*/
struct Fts5NodeIter {
  /* Internal. Set and managed by fts5NodeIterXXX() functions. Except, 
  ** the EOF test for the iterator is (Fts5NodeIter.aData==0).  */
  const u8 *aData;
  int nData;
  int iOff;

  /* Output variables */
  Fts5Buffer term;
  int nEmpty;
  int iChild;
};

/*
** An Fts5BtreeIter object is used to iterate through all entries in the
** b-tree hierarchy belonging to a single fts5 segment. In this case the
** "b-tree hierarchy" is all b-tree nodes except leaves. Each entry in the
** b-tree hierarchy consists of the following:
**
**   iLeaf:  The page number of the leaf page the entry points to.
**
**   term:   A split-key that all terms on leaf page $leaf must be greater
**           than or equal to. The "term" associated with the first b-tree
**           hierarchy entry (the one that points to leaf page 1) is always 
**           an empty string.
**
**   nEmpty: The number of empty (termless) leaf pages that immediately
**           following iLeaf.
**
** The Fts5BtreeIter object is only used as part of the integrity-check code.
*/
struct Fts5BtreeIterLevel {
  Fts5NodeIter s;                 /* Iterator for the current node */
  Fts5Data *pData;                /* Data for the current node */
};
struct Fts5BtreeIter {
  Fts5Index *p;                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg;     /* Iterate through this segment's b-tree */
  int iIdx;                       /* Index pSeg belongs to */
  int nLvl;                       /* Size of aLvl[] array */
  Fts5BtreeIterLevel *aLvl;       /* Level for each tier of b-tree */

  /* Output variables */
  Fts5Buffer term;                /* Current term */
  int iLeaf;                      /* Leaf containing terms >= current term */
  int nEmpty;                     /* Number of "empty" leaves following iLeaf */
  int bEof;                       /* Set to true at EOF */
};

static void fts5PutU16(u8 *aOut, u16 iVal){
  aOut[0] = (iVal>>8);
  aOut[1] = (iVal&0xFF);
}

static u16 fts5GetU16(const u8 *aIn){
  return ((u16)aIn[0] << 8) + aIn[1];
}

/*
** Allocate and return a buffer at least nByte bytes in size.
**
** If an OOM error is encountered, return NULL and set the error code in
** the Fts5Index handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void *fts5IdxMalloc(Fts5Index *p, int nByte){
  void *pRet;
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  pRet = sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( pRet==0 ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    memset(pRet, 0, nByte);
  }
  return pRet;
}


static int fts5BufferGrow(int *pRc, Fts5Buffer *pBuf, int nByte){
  /* A no-op if an error has already occurred */
  if( *pRc ) return 1;

  if( (pBuf->n + nByte) > pBuf->nSpace ){
    u8 *pNew;
    int nNew = pBuf->nSpace ? pBuf->nSpace*2 : 64;
    while( nNew<(pBuf->n + nByte) ){
      nNew = nNew * 2;
    }
    pNew = sqlite3_realloc(pBuf->p, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      return 1;
    }else{
      pBuf->nSpace = nNew;
      pBuf->p = pNew;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Encode value iVal as an SQLite varint and append it to the buffer object
** pBuf. If an OOM error occurs, set the error code in p.
*/
static void fts5BufferAppendVarint(int *pRc, Fts5Buffer *pBuf, i64 iVal){
  if( fts5BufferGrow(pRc, pBuf, 9) ) return;
  pBuf->n += sqlite3PutVarint(&pBuf->p[pBuf->n], iVal);
}

/*
** Append buffer nData/pData to buffer pBuf. If an OOM error occurs, set 
** the error code in p. If an error has already occurred when this function
** is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5BufferAppendBlob(
  int *pRc,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf, 
  int nData, 
  const u8 *pData
){
  if( fts5BufferGrow(pRc, pBuf, nData) ) return;
  memcpy(&pBuf->p[pBuf->n], pData, nData);
  pBuf->n += nData;
}

/*
** Append the nul-terminated string zStr to the buffer pBuf. This function
** ensures that the byte following the buffer data is set to 0x00, even 
** though this byte is not included in the pBuf->n count.
*/
static void fts5BufferAppendString(
  int *pRc,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf, 
  const char *zStr
){
  int nStr = strlen(zStr);
  if( fts5BufferGrow(pRc, pBuf, nStr+1) ) return;
  fts5BufferAppendBlob(pRc, pBuf, nStr, (const u8*)zStr);
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ) pBuf->p[pBuf->n] = 0x00;
}

/*
** Argument zFmt is a printf() style format string. This function performs
** the printf() style processing, then appends the results to buffer pBuf.
**
** Like fts5BufferAppendString(), this function ensures that the byte 
** following the buffer data is set to 0x00, even though this byte is not
** included in the pBuf->n count.
*/ 
static void fts5BufferAppendPrintf(
  int *pRc,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf, 
  char *zFmt, ...
){
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    char *zTmp;
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, zFmt);
    zTmp = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);

    if( zTmp==0 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      fts5BufferAppendString(pRc, pBuf, zTmp);
      sqlite3_free(zTmp);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Free any buffer allocated by pBuf. Zero the structure before returning.
*/
static void fts5BufferFree(Fts5Buffer *pBuf){
  sqlite3_free(pBuf->p);
  memset(pBuf, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
}

/*
** Zero the contents of the buffer object. But do not free the associated 
** memory allocation.
*/
static void fts5BufferZero(Fts5Buffer *pBuf){
  pBuf->n = 0;
}

/*
** Set the buffer to contain nData/pData. If an OOM error occurs, leave an
** the error code in p. If an error has already occurred when this function
** is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5BufferSet(
  int *pRc,
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf, 
  int nData, 
  const u8 *pData
){
  pBuf->n = 0;
  fts5BufferAppendBlob(pRc, pBuf, nData, pData);
}

/*
** Compare the contents of the two buffers using memcmp(). If one buffer
** is a prefix of the other, it is considered the lesser.
**
** Return -ve if pLeft is smaller than pRight, 0 if they are equal or
** +ve if pRight is smaller than pLeft. In other words:
**
**     res = *pLeft - *pRight
*/
static int fts5BufferCompare(Fts5Buffer *pLeft, Fts5Buffer *pRight){
  int nCmp = MIN(pLeft->n, pRight->n);
  int res = memcmp(pLeft->p, pRight->p, nCmp);
  return (res==0 ? (pLeft->n - pRight->n) : res);
}


/*
** Close the read-only blob handle, if it is open.
*/
static void fts5CloseReader(Fts5Index *p){
  if( p->pReader ){
    sqlite3_blob_close(p->pReader);
    p->pReader = 0;
  }
}

static Fts5Data *fts5DataReadOrBuffer(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf, 
  i64 iRowid
){
  Fts5Data *pRet = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc;

    /* If the blob handle is not yet open, open and seek it. Otherwise, use
    ** the blob_reopen() API to reseek the existing blob handle.  */
    if( p->pReader==0 ){
      Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
      rc = sqlite3_blob_open(pConfig->db, 
          pConfig->zDb, p->zDataTbl, "block", iRowid, 0, &p->pReader
      );
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_blob_reopen(p->pReader, iRowid);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int nByte = sqlite3_blob_bytes(p->pReader);
      if( pBuf ){
        fts5BufferZero(pBuf);
        fts5BufferGrow(&rc, pBuf, nByte);
        rc = sqlite3_blob_read(p->pReader, pBuf->p, nByte, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pBuf->n = nByte;
      }else{
        pRet = (Fts5Data*)fts5IdxMalloc(p, sizeof(Fts5Data) + nByte);
        if( !pRet ) return 0;

        pRet->n = nByte;
        pRet->p = (u8*)&pRet[1];
        pRet->nRef = 1;
        rc = sqlite3_blob_read(p->pReader, pRet->p, nByte, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3_free(pRet);
          pRet = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    p->rc = rc;
  }

  return pRet;
}

/*
** Retrieve a record from the %_data table.
**
** If an error occurs, NULL is returned and an error left in the 
** Fts5Index object.
*/
static Fts5Data *fts5DataRead(Fts5Index *p, i64 iRowid){
  Fts5Data *pRet = fts5DataReadOrBuffer(p, 0, iRowid);
  assert( (pRet==0)==(p->rc!=SQLITE_OK) );
assert( pRet );
  return pRet;
}

/*
** Read a record from the %_data table into the buffer supplied as the
** second argument.
**
** If an error occurs, an error is left in the Fts5Index object. If an
** error has already occurred when this function is called, it is a 
** no-op.
*/
static void fts5DataBuffer(Fts5Index *p, Fts5Buffer *pBuf, i64 iRowid){
  (void)fts5DataReadOrBuffer(p, pBuf, iRowid);
}

/*
** Release a reference to data record returned by an earlier call to
** fts5DataRead().
*/
static void fts5DataRelease(Fts5Data *pData){
  if( pData ){
    pData->nRef--;
    if( pData->nRef==0 ) sqlite3_free(pData);
  }
}

static void fts5DataReference(Fts5Data *pData){
  pData->nRef++;
}

/*
** INSERT OR REPLACE a record into the %_data table.
*/
static void fts5DataWrite(Fts5Index *p, i64 iRowid, u8 *pData, int nData){
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  if( p->pWriter==0 ){
    int rc;
    Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "REPLACE INTO '%q'.%Q(id, block) VALUES(?,?)", pConfig->zDb, p->zDataTbl
    );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pConfig->db, zSql, -1, &p->pWriter, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = rc;
      return;
    }
  }

  sqlite3_bind_int64(p->pWriter, 1, iRowid);
  sqlite3_bind_blob(p->pWriter, 2, pData, nData, SQLITE_STATIC);
  sqlite3_step(p->pWriter);
  p->rc = sqlite3_reset(p->pWriter);
}

/*
** Execute the following SQL:
**
**     DELETE FROM %_data WHERE id BETWEEN $iFirst AND $iLast
*/
static void fts5DataDelete(Fts5Index *p, i64 iFirst, i64 iLast){
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  if( p->pDeleter==0 ){
    int rc;
    Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "DELETE FROM '%q'.%Q WHERE id>=? AND id<=?", pConfig->zDb, p->zDataTbl
    );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pConfig->db, zSql, -1, &p->pDeleter, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = rc;
      return;
    }
  }

  sqlite3_bind_int64(p->pDeleter, 1, iFirst);
  sqlite3_bind_int64(p->pDeleter, 2, iLast);
  sqlite3_step(p->pDeleter);
  p->rc = sqlite3_reset(p->pDeleter);
}

/*
** Close the sqlite3_blob handle used to read records from the %_data table.
** And discard any cached reads. This function is called at the end of
** a read transaction or when any sub-transaction is rolled back.
*/
static void fts5DataReset(Fts5Index *p){
  if( p->pReader ){
    sqlite3_blob_close(p->pReader);
    p->pReader = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Remove all records associated with segment iSegid in index iIdx.
*/
static void fts5DataRemoveSegment(Fts5Index *p, int iIdx, int iSegid){
  i64 iFirst = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(iIdx, iSegid, 0, 0);
  i64 iLast = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(iIdx, iSegid+1, 0, 0)-1;
  fts5DataDelete(p, iFirst, iLast);
}

/*
** Deserialize and return the structure record currently stored in serialized
** form within buffer pData/nData.
**
** The Fts5Structure.aLevel[] and each Fts5StructureLevel.aSeg[] array
** are over-allocated by one slot. This allows the structure contents
** to be more easily edited.
**
** If an error occurs, *ppOut is set to NULL and an SQLite error code
** returned. Otherwise, *ppOut is set to point to the new object and
** SQLITE_OK returned.
*/
static int fts5StructureDecode(
  const u8 *pData,                /* Buffer containing serialized structure */
  int nData,                      /* Size of buffer pData in bytes */
  Fts5Structure **ppOut           /* OUT: Deserialized object */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i = 0;
  int iLvl;
  int nLevel = 0;
  int nSegment = 0;
  int nByte;                      /* Bytes of space to allocate */
  Fts5Structure *pRet = 0;

  /* Read the total number of levels and segments from the start of the
  ** structure record. Use these values to allocate space for the deserialized
  ** version of the record. */
  i = getVarint32(&pData[i], nLevel);
  i += getVarint32(&pData[i], nSegment);
  nByte = (
      sizeof(Fts5Structure) + 
      sizeof(Fts5StructureLevel) * (nLevel+1) +
      sizeof(Fts5StructureSegment) * (nSegment+nLevel+1)
  );
  pRet = (Fts5Structure*)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);

  if( pRet ){
    u8 *pSpace = (u8*)&pRet->aLevel[nLevel+1];
    memset(pRet, 0, nByte);
    pRet->nLevel = nLevel;
    i += sqlite3GetVarint(&pData[i], &pRet->nWriteCounter);
    for(iLvl=0; iLvl<nLevel; iLvl++){
      Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl = &pRet->aLevel[iLvl];
      int nTotal;
      int iSeg;

      i += getVarint32(&pData[i], pLvl->nMerge);
      i += getVarint32(&pData[i], nTotal);
      assert( nTotal>=pLvl->nMerge );
      pLvl->nSeg = nTotal;
      pLvl->aSeg = (Fts5StructureSegment*)pSpace;
      pSpace += ((nTotal+1) * sizeof(Fts5StructureSegment));

      for(iSeg=0; iSeg<nTotal; iSeg++){
        i += getVarint32(&pData[i], pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].iSegid);
        i += getVarint32(&pData[i], pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].nHeight);
        i += getVarint32(&pData[i], pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].pgnoFirst);
        i += getVarint32(&pData[i], pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].pgnoLast);
      }
    }
    pRet->aLevel[nLevel].aSeg = (Fts5StructureSegment*)pSpace;
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  *ppOut = pRet;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read, deserialize and return the structure record for index iIdx.
**
** The Fts5Structure.aLevel[] and each Fts5StructureLevel.aSeg[] array
** are over-allocated as described for function fts5StructureDecode() 
** above.
**
** If an error occurs, NULL is returned and an error code left in the
** Fts5Index handle. If an error has already occurred when this function
** is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static Fts5Structure *fts5StructureRead(Fts5Index *p, int iIdx){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  Fts5Structure *pRet = 0;        /* Object to return */
  Fts5Data *pData;                /* %_data entry containing structure record */

  assert( iIdx<=pConfig->nPrefix );
  pData = fts5DataRead(p, FTS5_STRUCTURE_ROWID(iIdx));
  if( !pData ) return 0;
  p->rc = fts5StructureDecode(pData->p, pData->n, &pRet);

  fts5DataRelease(pData);
  return pRet;
}

/*
** Release a reference to an Fts5Structure object returned by an earlier 
** call to fts5StructureRead() or fts5StructureDecode().
*/
static void fts5StructureRelease(Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  sqlite3_free(pStruct);
}

/*
** Return the total number of segments in index structure pStruct.
*/
static int fts5StructureCountSegments(Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  int nSegment = 0;               /* Total number of segments */
  int iLvl;                       /* Used to iterate through levels */

  for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
    nSegment += pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg;
  }

  return nSegment;
}

/*
** Serialize and store the "structure" record for index iIdx.
**
** If an error occurs, leave an error code in the Fts5Index object. If an
** error has already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5StructureWrite(Fts5Index *p, int iIdx, Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  int nSegment;                   /* Total number of segments */
  Fts5Buffer buf;                 /* Buffer to serialize record into */
  int iLvl;                       /* Used to iterate through levels */

  nSegment = fts5StructureCountSegments(pStruct);
  memset(&buf, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pStruct->nLevel);
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, nSegment);
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, (i64)pStruct->nWriteCounter);

  for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
    int iSeg;                     /* Used to iterate through segments */
    Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl = &pStruct->aLevel[iLvl];
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->nMerge);
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->nSeg);

    for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pLvl->nSeg; iSeg++){
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].iSegid);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].nHeight);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].pgnoFirst);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pLvl->aSeg[iSeg].pgnoLast);
    }
  }

  fts5DataWrite(p, FTS5_STRUCTURE_ROWID(iIdx), buf.p, buf.n);
  fts5BufferFree(&buf);
}


/*
** Load the next leaf page into the segment iterator.
*/
static void fts5SegIterNextPage(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegIter *pIter              /* Iterator to advance to next page */
){
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg = pIter->pSeg;
  if( pIter->pLeaf ) fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  if( pIter->iLeafPgno<pSeg->pgnoLast ){
    pIter->iLeafPgno++;
    pIter->pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, 
        FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pIter->iIdx, pSeg->iSegid, 0, pIter->iLeafPgno)
    );
  }else{
    pIter->pLeaf = 0;
  }
}

static void fts5SegIterLoadTerm(Fts5Index *p, Fts5SegIter *pIter, int nKeep){
  u8 *a = pIter->pLeaf->p;        /* Buffer to read data from */
  int iOff = pIter->iLeafOffset;  /* Offset to read at */
  int nNew;                       /* Bytes of new data */

  iOff += getVarint32(&a[iOff], nNew);
  pIter->term.n = nKeep;
  fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &pIter->term, nNew, &a[iOff]);
  iOff += nNew;
  pIter->iTermLeafOffset = iOff;
  pIter->iTermLeafPgno = pIter->iLeafPgno;
  if( iOff>=pIter->pLeaf->n ){
    fts5SegIterNextPage(p, pIter);
    if( pIter->pLeaf==0 ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ) p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
      return;
    }
    iOff = 4;
    a = pIter->pLeaf->p;
  }
  iOff += sqlite3GetVarint(&a[iOff], (u64*)&pIter->iRowid);
  pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
}

/*
** Initialize the iterator object pIter to iterate through the entries in
** segment pSeg within index iIdx. The iterator is left pointing to the 
** first entry when this function returns.
**
** If an error occurs, Fts5Index.rc is set to an appropriate error code. If 
** an error has already occurred when this function is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5SegIterInit(
  Fts5Index *p,          
  int iIdx,                       /* Config.aHash[] index of FTS index */
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg,     /* Description of segment */
  Fts5SegIter *pIter              /* Object to populate */
){

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
    pIter->pSeg = pSeg;
    pIter->iIdx = iIdx;
    pIter->iLeafPgno = pSeg->pgnoFirst-1;
    fts5SegIterNextPage(p, pIter);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u8 *a = pIter->pLeaf->p;
    pIter->iLeafOffset = fts5GetU16(&a[2]);
    fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Advance iterator pIter to the next entry. 
**
** If an error occurs, Fts5Index.rc is set to an appropriate error code. It 
** is not considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF. If an error has 
** already occurred when this function is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5SegIterNext(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegIter *pIter              /* Iterator to advance */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5Data *pLeaf = pIter->pLeaf;
    int iOff;
    int bNewTerm = 0;
    int nKeep = 0;

    /* Search for the end of the position list within the current page. */
    u8 *a = pLeaf->p;
    int n = pLeaf->n;
    for(iOff=pIter->iLeafOffset; iOff<n && a[iOff]; iOff++);
    iOff++;

    if( iOff<n ){
      /* The next entry is on the current page */
      u64 iDelta;
      iOff += sqlite3GetVarint(&a[iOff], &iDelta);
      pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
      if( iDelta==0 ){
        bNewTerm = 1;
        if( iOff>=n ){
          fts5SegIterNextPage(p, pIter);
          pIter->iLeafOffset = 4;
        }else if( iOff!=fts5GetU16(&a[2]) ){
          pIter->iLeafOffset += getVarint32(&a[iOff], nKeep);
        }
      }else{
        pIter->iRowid -= iDelta;
      }
    }else{
      iOff = 0;
      /* Next entry is not on the current page */
      while( iOff==0 ){
        fts5SegIterNextPage(p, pIter);
        pLeaf = pIter->pLeaf;
        if( pLeaf==0 ) break;
        if( (iOff = fts5GetU16(&pLeaf->p[0])) ){
          iOff += sqlite3GetVarint(&pLeaf->p[iOff], (u64*)&pIter->iRowid);
          pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
        }
        else if( (iOff = fts5GetU16(&pLeaf->p[2])) ){
          pIter->iLeafOffset = iOff;
          bNewTerm = 1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check if the iterator is now at EOF. If so, return early. */
    if( pIter->pLeaf==0 ) return;
    if( bNewTerm ){
      fts5SegIterLoadTerm(p, pIter, nKeep);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Zero the iterator passed as the only argument.
*/
static void fts5SegIterClear(Fts5SegIter *pIter){
  fts5BufferFree(&pIter->term);
  fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegIter));
}

/*
** Do the comparison necessary to populate pIter->aFirst[iOut].
**
** If the returned value is non-zero, then it is the index of an entry
** in the pIter->aSeg[] array that is (a) not at EOF, and (b) pointing
** to a key that is a duplicate of another, higher priority, 
** segment-iterator in the pSeg->aSeg[] array.
*/
static int fts5MultiIterDoCompare(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int iOut){
  int i1;                         /* Index of left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int i2;                         /* Index of right-hand Fts5SegIter */
  int iRes;
  Fts5SegIter *p1;                /* Left-hand Fts5SegIter */
  Fts5SegIter *p2;                /* Right-hand Fts5SegIter */

  assert( iOut<pIter->nSeg && iOut>0 );

  if( iOut>=(pIter->nSeg/2) ){
    i1 = (iOut - pIter->nSeg/2) * 2;
    i2 = i1 + 1;
  }else{
    i1 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2];
    i2 = pIter->aFirst[iOut*2+1];
  }
  p1 = &pIter->aSeg[i1];
  p2 = &pIter->aSeg[i2];

  if( p1->pLeaf==0 ){           /* If p1 is at EOF */
    iRes = i2;
  }else if( p2->pLeaf==0 ){     /* If p2 is at EOF */
    iRes = i1;
  }else{
    int res = fts5BufferCompare(&p1->term, &p2->term);
    if( res==0 ){
      assert( i2>i1 );
      assert( i2!=0 );
      if( p1->iRowid==p2->iRowid ) return i2;
      res = (p1->iRowid > p2->iRowid) ? -1 : +1;
    }
    assert( res!=0 );
    if( res<0 ){
      iRes = i1;
    }else{
      iRes = i2;
    }
  }

  pIter->aFirst[iOut] = iRes;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Free the iterator object passed as the second argument.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterFree(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  if( pIter ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nSeg; i++){
      fts5SegIterClear(&pIter->aSeg[i]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIter);
  }
}

static void fts5MultiIterAdvanced(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend to iterate within */
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter,        /* Iterator to update aFirst[] array for */
  int iChanged,                   /* Index of sub-iterator just advanced */
  int iMinset                     /* Minimum entry in aFirst[] to set */
){
  int i;
  for(i=(pIter->nSeg+iChanged)/2; i>=iMinset && p->rc==SQLITE_OK; i=i/2){
    int iEq;
    if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pIter, i)) ){
      fts5SegIterNext(p, &pIter->aSeg[iEq]);
      i = pIter->nSeg + iEq;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Move the iterator to the next entry. 
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is left in Fts5Index.rc. It is not 
** considered an error if the iterator reaches EOF, or if it is already at 
** EOF when this function is called.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNext(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iFirst = pIter->aFirst[1];
    fts5SegIterNext(p, &pIter->aSeg[iFirst]);
    fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pIter, iFirst, 1);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a new Fts5MultiSegIter object.
**
** The new object will be used to iterate through data in structure pStruct.
** If iLevel is -ve, then all data in all segments is merged. Or, if iLevel
** is zero or greater, data from the first nSegment segments on level iLevel
** is merged.
**
** The iterator initially points to the first term/rowid entry in the 
** iterated data.
*/
static void fts5MultiIterNew(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend to iterate within */
  Fts5Structure *pStruct,         /* Structure of specific index */
  int iIdx,                       /* Config.aHash[] index of FTS index */
  int iLevel,                     /* Level to iterate (-1 for all) */
  int nSegment,                   /* Number of segments to merge (iLevel>=0) */
  Fts5MultiSegIter **ppOut        /* New object */
){
  int nSeg;                       /* Number of segments merged */
  int nSlot;                      /* Power of two >= nSeg */
  int iIter = 0;                  /* */
  int iSeg;                       /* Used to iterate through segments */
  Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl;
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pNew;

  /* Allocate space for the new multi-seg-iterator. */
  if( iLevel<0 ){
    nSeg = fts5StructureCountSegments(pStruct);
  }else{
    nSeg = MIN(pStruct->aLevel[iLevel].nSeg, nSegment);
  }
  for(nSlot=2; nSlot<nSeg; nSlot=nSlot*2);
  *ppOut = pNew = fts5IdxMalloc(p, 
      sizeof(Fts5MultiSegIter) +          /* pNew */
      sizeof(Fts5SegIter) * nSlot +       /* pNew->aSeg[] */
      sizeof(u16) * nSlot                 /* pNew->aFirst[] */
  );
  if( pNew==0 ) return;
  pNew->nSeg = nSlot;
  pNew->aSeg = (Fts5SegIter*)&pNew[1];
  pNew->aFirst = (u16*)&pNew->aSeg[nSlot];

  /* Initialize each of the component segment iterators. */
  if( iLevel<0 ){
    Fts5StructureLevel *pEnd = &pStruct->aLevel[pStruct->nLevel];
    for(pLvl=&pStruct->aLevel[0]; pLvl<pEnd; pLvl++){
      for(iSeg=pLvl->nSeg-1; iSeg>=0; iSeg--){
        fts5SegIterInit(p, iIdx, &pLvl->aSeg[iSeg], &pNew->aSeg[iIter++]);
      }
    }
  }else{
    pLvl = &pStruct->aLevel[iLevel];
    for(iSeg=nSeg-1; iSeg>=0; iSeg--){
      fts5SegIterInit(p, iIdx, &pLvl->aSeg[iSeg], &pNew->aSeg[iIter++]);
    }
  }
  assert( iIter==nSeg );

  /* If the above was successful, each component iterators now points 
  ** to the first entry in its segment. In this case initialize the 
  ** aFirst[] array. Or, if an error has occurred, free the iterator
  ** object and set the output variable to NULL.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(iIter=nSlot-1; iIter>0; iIter--){
      int iEq;
      if( (iEq = fts5MultiIterDoCompare(pNew, iIter)) ){
        fts5SegIterNext(p, &pNew->aSeg[iEq]);
        fts5MultiIterAdvanced(p, pNew, iEq, iIter);
      }
    }
  }else{
    fts5MultiIterFree(p, pNew);
    *ppOut = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return true if the iterator is at EOF or if an error has occurred. 
** False otherwise.
*/
static int fts5MultiIterEof(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  return (p->rc || pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ].pLeaf==0);
}

/*
** Return the rowid of the entry that the iterator currently points
** to. If the iterator points to EOF when this function is called the
** results are undefined.
*/
static i64 fts5MultiIterRowid(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  return pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ].iRowid;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a buffer containing the term associated with the 
** entry that the iterator currently points to.
*/
static const u8 *fts5MultiIterTerm(Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter, int *pn){
  Fts5SegIter *p = &pIter->aSeg[ pIter->aFirst[1] ];
  *pn = p->term.n;
  return p->term.p;
}

/*
** Read and return the next 32-bit varint from the position-list iterator 
** passed as the second argument.
**
** If an error occurs, zero is returned an an error code left in 
** Fts5Index.rc. If an error has already occurred when this function is
** called, it is a no-op.
*/
static int fts5PosIterReadVarint(Fts5Index *p, Fts5PosIter *pIter){
  int iVal = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iOff = pIter->iLeafOffset;
    if( iOff < pIter->pLeaf->n ){
      pIter->iLeafOffset += getVarint32(&pIter->pLeaf->p[iOff], iVal);
    }else{
      fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
      pIter->iLeafRowid++;
      pIter->pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, pIter->iLeafRowid);
      if( pIter->pLeaf ){
        pIter->iLeafOffset = 4 + getVarint32(&pIter->pLeaf->p[4], iVal);
      }
    }
  }
  return iVal;
}

/*
** Advance the position list iterator to the next entry.
*/
static void fts5PosIterNext(Fts5Index *p, Fts5PosIter *pIter){
  int iVal;
  iVal = fts5PosIterReadVarint(p, pIter);
  if( iVal==0 ){
    fts5DataRelease(pIter->pLeaf);
    pIter->pLeaf = 0;
  }
  else if( iVal==1 ){
    pIter->iCol = fts5PosIterReadVarint(p, pIter);
    pIter->iPos = fts5PosIterReadVarint(p, pIter) - 2;
  }else{
    pIter->iPos += (iVal - 2);
  }
}

/*
** Initialize the Fts5PosIter object passed as the final argument to iterate
** through the position-list associated with the index entry that iterator 
** pMulti currently points to.
*/
static void fts5PosIterInit(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pMulti,       /* Multi-seg iterator to read pos-list from */
  Fts5PosIter *pIter              /* Initialize this object */
){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pMulti->aSeg[ pMulti->aFirst[1] ];
    int iId = pSeg->pSeg->iSegid;

    memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
    pIter->pLeaf = pSeg->pLeaf;
    pIter->iLeafOffset = pSeg->iLeafOffset;
    pIter->iLeafRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iIdx, iId, 0, pSeg->iLeafPgno);
    fts5DataReference(pIter->pLeaf);
    fts5PosIterNext(p, pIter);
  }
}

/*
** Return true if the position iterator passed as the second argument is
** at EOF. Or if an error has already occurred. Otherwise, return false.
*/
static int fts5PosIterEof(Fts5Index *p, Fts5PosIter *pIter){
  return (p->rc || pIter->pLeaf==0);
}


/*
** Allocate memory. The difference between this function and fts5IdxMalloc()
** is that this increments the Fts5Index.nPendingData variable by the
** number of bytes allocated. It should be used for all allocations used
** to store pending-data within the in-memory hash tables.
*/
static void *fts5PendingMalloc(Fts5Index *p, int nByte){
  p->nPendingData += nByte;
  return fts5IdxMalloc(p, nByte);
}

/*
** Add an entry for (iRowid/iCol/iPos) to the doclist for (pToken/nToken)
** in hash table for index iIdx. If iIdx is zero, this is the main terms 
** index. Values of 1 and greater for iIdx are prefix indexes.
**
** If an OOM error is encountered, set the Fts5Index.rc error code 
** accordingly.
*/
static void fts5AddTermToHash(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* Index object to write to */
  int iIdx,                       /* Entry in p->aHash[] to update */
  int iCol,                       /* Column token appears in (-ve -> delete) */
  int iPos,                       /* Position of token within column */
  const char *pToken, int nToken  /* Token to add or remove to or from index */
){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  Fts3Hash *pHash;
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pDoclist;
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pPoslist;
  i64 iRowid = p->iWriteRowid;     /* Rowid associated with these tokens */

  /* If an error has already occured this call is a no-op. */
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  /* Find the hash table to use. It has already been allocated. */
  assert( iIdx<=pConfig->nPrefix );
  assert( iIdx==0 || nToken==pConfig->aPrefix[iIdx-1] );
  pHash = &p->aHash[iIdx];

  /* Find the doclist to append to. Allocate a new doclist object if
  ** required. */
  pDoclist = (Fts5PendingDoclist*)fts3HashFind(pHash, pToken, nToken);
  if( pDoclist==0 ){
    Fts5PendingDoclist *pDel;
    pDoclist = fts5PendingMalloc(p, sizeof(Fts5PendingDoclist) + nToken);
    if( pDoclist==0 ) return;
    pDoclist->pTerm = (u8*)&pDoclist[1];
    pDoclist->nTerm = nToken;
    memcpy(pDoclist->pTerm, pToken, nToken);
    pDel = fts3HashInsert(pHash, pDoclist->pTerm, nToken, pDoclist);
    if( pDel ){
      assert( pDoclist==pDel );
      sqlite3_free(pDel);
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      return;
    }
  }

  /* Find the poslist to append to. Allocate a new object if required. */
  pPoslist = pDoclist->pPoslist;
  if( pPoslist==0 || pPoslist->iRowid!=iRowid ){
    pPoslist = fts5PendingMalloc(p, sizeof(Fts5PendingPoslist));
    if( pPoslist==0 ) return;
    pPoslist->pNext = pDoclist->pPoslist;
    pPoslist->iRowid = iRowid;
    pDoclist->pPoslist = pPoslist;
    pDoclist->iCol = 0;
    pDoclist->iPos = 0;
  }

  /* Append the values to the position list. */
  if( iCol>=0 ){
    p->nPendingData -= pPoslist->buf.nSpace;
    if( iCol!=pDoclist->iCol ){
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPoslist->buf, 1);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPoslist->buf, iCol);
      pDoclist->iCol = iCol;
      pDoclist->iPos = 0;
    }
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPoslist->buf, iPos + 2 - pDoclist->iPos);
    p->nPendingData += pPoslist->buf.nSpace;
    pDoclist->iPos = iPos;
  }
}

/*
** Free the pending-doclist object passed as the only argument.
*/
static void fts5FreePendingDoclist(Fts5PendingDoclist *p){
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pPoslist;
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pNext;
  for(pPoslist=p->pPoslist; pPoslist; pPoslist=pNext){
    pNext = pPoslist->pNext;
    fts5BufferFree(&pPoslist->buf);
    sqlite3_free(pPoslist);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Insert or remove data to or from the index. Each time a document is 
** added to or removed from the index, this function is called one or more
** times.
**
** For an insert, it must be called once for each token in the new document.
** If the operation is a delete, it must be called (at least) once for each
** unique token in the document with an iCol value less than zero. The iPos
** argument is ignored for a delete.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexWrite(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* Index to write to */
  int iCol,                       /* Column token appears in (-ve -> delete) */
  int iPos,                       /* Position of token within column */
  const char *pToken, int nToken  /* Token to add or remove to or from index */
){
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through indexes */
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;

  /* If an error has already occured this call is a no-op. */
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  /* Allocate hash tables if they have not already been allocated */
  if( p->aHash==0 ){
    int nHash = pConfig->nPrefix + 1;
    p->aHash = (Fts3Hash*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts3Hash) * nHash);
    if( p->aHash==0 ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      for(i=0; i<nHash; i++){
        fts3HashInit(&p->aHash[i], FTS3_HASH_STRING, 0);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Add the new token to the main terms hash table. And to each of the
  ** prefix hash tables that it is large enough for. */
  fts5AddTermToHash(p, 0, iCol, iPos, pToken, nToken);
  for(i=0; i<pConfig->nPrefix; i++){
    if( nToken>=pConfig->aPrefix[i] ){
      fts5AddTermToHash(p, i+1, iCol, iPos, pToken, pConfig->aPrefix[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a new segment-id for the structure pStruct.
**
** If an error has already occurred, this function is a no-op. 0 is 
** returned in this case.
*/
static int fts5AllocateSegid(Fts5Index *p, Fts5Structure *pStruct){
  int i;
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return 0;

  for(i=0; i<100; i++){
    int iSegid;
    sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(int), (void*)&iSegid);
    iSegid = iSegid & ((1 << FTS5_DATA_ID_B)-1);
    if( iSegid ){
      int iLvl, iSeg;
      for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
        for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg; iSeg++){
          if( iSegid==pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].aSeg[iSeg].iSegid ){
            iSegid = 0;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( iSegid ) return iSegid;
  }

  p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  return 0;
}

static Fts5PendingDoclist *fts5PendingMerge(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pLeft,
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pRight
){
  Fts5PendingDoclist *p1 = pLeft;
  Fts5PendingDoclist *p2 = pRight;
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pRet = 0;
  Fts5PendingDoclist **ppOut = &pRet;

  while( p1 || p2 ){
    if( p1==0 ){
      *ppOut = p2;
      p2 = 0;
    }else if( p2==0 ){
      *ppOut = p1;
      p1 = 0;
    }else{
      int nCmp = MIN(p1->nTerm, p2->nTerm);
      int res = memcmp(p1->pTerm, p2->pTerm, nCmp);
      if( res==0 ) res = p1->nTerm - p2->nTerm;

      if( res>0 ){
        /* p2 is smaller */
        *ppOut = p2;
        ppOut = &p2->pNext;
        p2 = p2->pNext;
      }else{
        /* p1 is smaller */
        *ppOut = p1;
        ppOut = &p1->pNext;
        p1 = p1->pNext;
      }
      *ppOut = 0;
    }
  }

  return pRet;
}

/*
** Extract all tokens from hash table iHash and link them into a list
** in sorted order. The hash table is cleared before returning. It is
** the responsibility of the caller to free the elements of the returned
** list.
**
** If an error occurs, set the Fts5Index.rc error code. If an error has 
** already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static Fts5PendingDoclist *fts5PendingList(Fts5Index *p, int iHash){
  const int nMergeSlot = 32;
  Fts3Hash *pHash;
  Fts3HashElem *pE;               /* Iterator variable */
  Fts5PendingDoclist **ap;
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pList;
  int i;

  ap = fts5IdxMalloc(p, sizeof(Fts5PendingDoclist*) * nMergeSlot);
  if( !ap ) return 0;

  pHash = &p->aHash[iHash];
  for(pE=fts3HashFirst(pHash); pE; pE=fts3HashNext(pE)){
    int i;
    Fts5PendingDoclist *pDoclist = (Fts5PendingDoclist*)fts3HashData(pE);
    assert( pDoclist->pNext==0 );
    for(i=0; ap[i]; i++){
      pDoclist = fts5PendingMerge(p, pDoclist, ap[i]);
      ap[i] = 0;
    }
    ap[i] = pDoclist;
  }

  pList = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nMergeSlot; i++){
    pList = fts5PendingMerge(p, pList, ap[i]);
  }

  sqlite3_free(ap);
  fts3HashClear(pHash);
  return pList;
}

/*
** Return the size of the prefix, in bytes, that buffer (nNew/pNew) shares
** with buffer (nOld/pOld).
*/
static int fts5PrefixCompress(
  int nOld, const u8 *pOld,
  int nNew, const u8 *pNew
){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nNew && i<nOld; i++){
    if( pOld[i]!=pNew[i] ) break;
  }
  return i;
}

/*
** If the pIter->iOff offset currently points to an entry indicating one
** or more term-less nodes, advance past it and set pIter->nEmpty to
** the number of empty child nodes.
*/
static void fts5NodeIterGobbleNEmpty(Fts5NodeIter *pIter){
  if( pIter->iOff<pIter->nData && 0==(pIter->aData[pIter->iOff] & 0xfe) ){
    pIter->iOff++;
    pIter->iOff += getVarint32(&pIter->aData[pIter->iOff], pIter->nEmpty);
  }else{
    pIter->nEmpty = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Advance to the next entry within the node.
*/
static void fts5NodeIterNext(int *pRc, Fts5NodeIter *pIter){
  if( pIter->iOff>=pIter->nData ){
    pIter->aData = 0;
    pIter->iChild += pIter->nEmpty;
  }else{
    int nPre, nNew;
    pIter->iOff += getVarint32(&pIter->aData[pIter->iOff], nPre);
    pIter->iOff += getVarint32(&pIter->aData[pIter->iOff], nNew);
    pIter->term.n = nPre-2;
    fts5BufferAppendBlob(pRc, &pIter->term, nNew, pIter->aData+pIter->iOff);
    pIter->iOff += nNew;
    pIter->iChild += (1 + pIter->nEmpty);
    fts5NodeIterGobbleNEmpty(pIter);
    if( *pRc ) pIter->aData = 0;
  }
}


/*
** Initialize the iterator object pIter to iterate through the internal
** segment node in pData.
*/
static void fts5NodeIterInit(int nData, const u8 *aData, Fts5NodeIter *pIter){
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
  pIter->aData = aData;
  pIter->nData = nData;
  pIter->iOff = getVarint32(aData, pIter->iChild);
  fts5NodeIterGobbleNEmpty(pIter);
}

/*
** Free any memory allocated by the iterator object.
*/
static void fts5NodeIterFree(Fts5NodeIter *pIter){
  fts5BufferFree(&pIter->term);
}


/*
** This is called once for each leaf page except the first that contains
** at least one term. Argument (nTerm/pTerm) is the split-key - a term that
** is larger than all terms written to earlier leaves, and equal to or
** smaller than the first term on the new leaf.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is left in Fts5Index.rc. If an error
** has already occurred when this function is called, it is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5WriteBtreeTerm(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,         /* Writer object */
  int nTerm, const u8 *pTerm      /* First term on new page */
){
  int iHeight;
  for(iHeight=1; 1; iHeight++){
    Fts5PageWriter *pPage;

    if( iHeight>=pWriter->nWriter ){
      Fts5PageWriter *aNew;
      Fts5PageWriter *pNew;
      int nNew = sizeof(Fts5PageWriter) * (pWriter->nWriter+1);
      aNew = (Fts5PageWriter*)sqlite3_realloc(pWriter->aWriter, nNew);
      if( aNew==0 ) return;

      pNew = &aNew[pWriter->nWriter];
      memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(Fts5PageWriter));
      pNew->pgno = 1;
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pNew->buf, 1);

      pWriter->nWriter++;
      pWriter->aWriter = aNew;
    }
    pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[iHeight];

    if( pWriter->nEmpty ){
      assert( iHeight==1 );
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, 0);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, pWriter->nEmpty);
      pWriter->nEmpty = 0;
    }

    if( pPage->buf.n>=p->pgsz ){
      /* pPage will be written to disk. The term will be written into the
      ** parent of pPage.  */
      i64 iRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(
          pWriter->iIdx, pWriter->iSegid, iHeight, pPage->pgno
      );
      fts5DataWrite(p, iRowid, pPage->buf.p, pPage->buf.n);
      fts5BufferZero(&pPage->buf);
      fts5BufferZero(&pPage->term);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, pPage[-1].pgno);
      pPage->pgno++;
    }else{
      int nPre = fts5PrefixCompress(pPage->term.n, pPage->term.p, nTerm, pTerm);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nPre+2);
      fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nTerm-nPre);
      fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nTerm-nPre, pTerm+nPre);
      fts5BufferSet(&p->rc, &pPage->term, nTerm, pTerm);
      break;
    }
  }
}

static void fts5WriteBtreeNoTerm(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter          /* Writer object */
){
  pWriter->nEmpty++;
}

static void fts5WriteFlushLeaf(Fts5Index *p, Fts5SegWriter *pWriter){
  static const u8 zero[] = { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
  Fts5PageWriter *pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[0];
  i64 iRowid;

  if( pPage->term.n==0 ){
    /* No term was written to this page. */
    fts5WriteBtreeNoTerm(p, pWriter);
  }

  /* Write the current page to the db. */
  iRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pWriter->iIdx, pWriter->iSegid, 0, pPage->pgno);
  fts5DataWrite(p, iRowid, pPage->buf.p, pPage->buf.n);

  /* Initialize the next page. */
  fts5BufferZero(&pPage->buf);
  fts5BufferZero(&pPage->term);
  fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, 4, zero);
  pPage->pgno++;

  /* Increase the leaves written counter */
  pWriter->nLeafWritten++;
}

/*
** Append term pTerm/nTerm to the segment being written by the writer passed
** as the second argument.
**
** If an error occurs, set the Fts5Index.rc error code. If an error has 
** already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5WriteAppendTerm(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,
  int nTerm, const u8 *pTerm 
){
  int nPrefix;                    /* Bytes of prefix compression for term */
  Fts5PageWriter *pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[0];

  assert( pPage->buf.n==0 || pPage->buf.n>4 );
  if( pPage->buf.n==0 ){
    /* Zero the first term and first docid fields */
    static const u8 zero[] = { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
    fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, 4, zero);
    assert( pPage->term.n==0 );
  }
  if( p->rc ) return;
  
  if( pPage->term.n==0 ){
    /* Update the "first term" field of the page header. */
    assert( pPage->buf.p[2]==0 && pPage->buf.p[3]==0 );
    fts5PutU16(&pPage->buf.p[2], pPage->buf.n);
    nPrefix = 0;
    if( pWriter->aWriter[0].pgno!=1 ){
      fts5WriteBtreeTerm(p, pWriter, nTerm, pTerm);
      pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[0];
    }
  }else{
    nPrefix = fts5PrefixCompress(
        pPage->term.n, pPage->term.p, nTerm, pTerm
    );
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nPrefix);
  }

  /* Append the number of bytes of new data, then the term data itself
  ** to the page. */
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nTerm - nPrefix);
  fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, nTerm - nPrefix, &pTerm[nPrefix]);

  /* Update the Fts5PageWriter.term field. */
  fts5BufferSet(&p->rc, &pPage->term, nTerm, pTerm);

  pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage = 0;
  pWriter->bFirstRowidInDoclist = 1;

  /* If the current leaf page is full, flush it to disk. */
  if( pPage->buf.n>=p->pgsz ){
    fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
    pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Append a docid to the writers output. 
*/
static void fts5WriteAppendRowid(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,
  i64 iRowid
){
  Fts5PageWriter *pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[0];

  /* If this is to be the first docid written to the page, set the 
  ** docid-pointer in the page-header.  */
  if( pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage ) fts5PutU16(pPage->buf.p, pPage->buf.n);

  /* Write the docid. */
  if( pWriter->bFirstRowidInDoclist || pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage ){
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, iRowid);
  }else{
    assert( iRowid<pWriter->iPrevRowid );
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, pWriter->iPrevRowid - iRowid);
  }
  pWriter->iPrevRowid = iRowid;
  pWriter->bFirstRowidInDoclist = 0;
  pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage = 0;

  if( pPage->buf.n>=p->pgsz ){
    fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
    pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage = 1;
  }
}

static void fts5WriteAppendPoslistInt(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,
  int iVal
){
  Fts5PageWriter *pPage = &pWriter->aWriter[0];
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPage->buf, iVal);
  if( pPage->buf.n>=p->pgsz ){
    fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
    pWriter->bFirstRowidInPage = 1;
  }
}

static void fts5WriteAppendZerobyte(Fts5Index *p, Fts5SegWriter *pWriter){
  fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pWriter->aWriter[0].buf, 0);
}

/*
** Write the contents of pending-doclist object pDoclist to writer pWriter.
**
** If an error occurs, set the Fts5Index.rc error code. If an error has 
** already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5WritePendingDoclist(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,         /* Write to this writer object */
  Fts5PendingDoclist *pDoclist    /* Doclist to write to pWriter */
){
  Fts5PendingPoslist *pPoslist;   /* Used to iterate through the doclist */

  /* Append the term */
  fts5WriteAppendTerm(p, pWriter, pDoclist->nTerm, pDoclist->pTerm);

  /* Append the position list for each rowid */
  for(pPoslist=pDoclist->pPoslist; pPoslist; pPoslist=pPoslist->pNext){
    int i = 0;

    /* Append the rowid itself */
    fts5WriteAppendRowid(p, pWriter, pPoslist->iRowid);

    /* Copy the position list to the output segment */
    while( i<pPoslist->buf.n){
      int iVal;
      i += getVarint32(&pPoslist->buf.p[i], iVal);
      fts5WriteAppendPoslistInt(p, pWriter, iVal);
    }

    /* Write the position list terminator */
    fts5WriteAppendZerobyte(p, pWriter);
  }

  /* Write the doclist terminator */
  fts5WriteAppendZerobyte(p, pWriter);
}

static void fts5WriteFinish(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter, 
  int *pnHeight,
  int *pnLeaf
){
  int i;
  *pnLeaf = pWriter->aWriter[0].pgno;
  *pnHeight = pWriter->nWriter;
  fts5WriteFlushLeaf(p, pWriter);
  if( pWriter->nWriter>1 && pWriter->nEmpty ){
    Fts5PageWriter *pPg = &pWriter->aWriter[1];
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPg->buf, 0);
    fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &pPg->buf, pWriter->nEmpty);
  }
  for(i=1; i<pWriter->nWriter; i++){
    Fts5PageWriter *pPg = &pWriter->aWriter[i];
    i64 iRow = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pWriter->iIdx, pWriter->iSegid, i, pPg->pgno);
    fts5DataWrite(p, iRow, pPg->buf.p, pPg->buf.n);
  }
  for(i=0; i<pWriter->nWriter; i++){
    Fts5PageWriter *pPg = &pWriter->aWriter[i];
    fts5BufferFree(&pPg->term);
    fts5BufferFree(&pPg->buf);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pWriter->aWriter);
}

static void fts5WriteInit(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter, 
  int iIdx, int iSegid
){
  memset(pWriter, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegWriter));
  pWriter->iIdx = iIdx;
  pWriter->iSegid = iSegid;

  pWriter->aWriter = (Fts5PageWriter*)fts5IdxMalloc(p,sizeof(Fts5PageWriter));
  if( pWriter->aWriter==0 ) return;
  pWriter->nWriter = 1;
  pWriter->aWriter[0].pgno = 1;
}

static void fts5WriteInitForAppend(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  Fts5SegWriter *pWriter,         /* Writer to initialize */
  int iIdx,                       /* Index segment is a part of */
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg      /* Segment object to append to */
){
  int nByte = pSeg->nHeight * sizeof(Fts5PageWriter);
  memset(pWriter, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegWriter));
  pWriter->iIdx = iIdx;
  pWriter->iSegid = pSeg->iSegid;
  pWriter->aWriter = (Fts5PageWriter*)fts5IdxMalloc(p, nByte);
  pWriter->nWriter = pSeg->nHeight;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int pgno = 1;
    int i;
    pWriter->aWriter[0].pgno = pSeg->pgnoLast+1;
    for(i=pSeg->nHeight-1; i>0; i--){
      i64 iRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pWriter->iIdx, pWriter->iSegid, i, pgno);
      Fts5PageWriter *pPg = &pWriter->aWriter[i];
      pPg->pgno = pgno;
      fts5DataBuffer(p, &pPg->buf, iRowid);
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        Fts5NodeIter ss;
        fts5NodeIterInit(pPg->buf.n, pPg->buf.p, &ss);
        while( ss.aData ) fts5NodeIterNext(&p->rc, &ss);
        fts5BufferSet(&p->rc, &pPg->term, ss.term.n, ss.term.p);
        pgno = ss.iChild;
        fts5NodeIterFree(&ss);
      }
    }
    if( pSeg->nHeight==1 ){
      pWriter->nEmpty = pSeg->pgnoLast-1;
    }
    assert( (pgno+pWriter->nEmpty)==pSeg->pgnoLast );
  }
}

/*
** Iterator pIter was used to iterate through the input segments of on an
** incremental merge operation. This function is called if the incremental
** merge step has finished but the input has not been completely exhausted.
*/
static void fts5TrimSegments(Fts5Index *p, Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter){
  int i;
  Fts5Buffer buf;
  memset(&buf, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nSeg; i++){
    Fts5SegIter *pSeg = &pIter->aSeg[i];
    if( pSeg->pSeg==0 ){
      /* no-op */
    }else if( pSeg->pLeaf==0 ){
      pSeg->pSeg->pgnoLast = 0;
      pSeg->pSeg->pgnoFirst = 0;
    }else{
      int iOff = pSeg->iTermLeafOffset;     /* Offset on new first leaf page */
      i64 iLeafRowid;
      Fts5Data *pData;
      int iId = pSeg->pSeg->iSegid;
      u8 aHdr[4] = {0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04};

      iLeafRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iIdx, iId, 0, pSeg->iTermLeafPgno);
      pData = fts5DataRead(p, iLeafRowid);
      if( pData ){
        fts5BufferZero(&buf);
        fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &buf, sizeof(aHdr), aHdr);
        fts5BufferAppendVarint(&p->rc, &buf, pSeg->term.n);
        fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &buf, pSeg->term.n, pSeg->term.p);
        fts5BufferAppendBlob(&p->rc, &buf, pData->n - iOff, &pData->p[iOff]);
        fts5DataRelease(pData);
        pSeg->pSeg->pgnoFirst = pSeg->iTermLeafPgno;
        fts5DataDelete(p, FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pSeg->iIdx, iId, 0, 1),iLeafRowid);
        fts5DataWrite(p, iLeafRowid, buf.p, buf.n);
      }
    }
  }
  fts5BufferFree(&buf);
}

/*
**
*/
static void fts5IndexMergeLevel(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  int iIdx,                       /* Index to work on */
  Fts5Structure *pStruct,         /* Stucture of index iIdx */
  int iLvl,                       /* Level to read input from */
  int *pnRem                      /* Write up to this many output leaves */
){
  Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl = &pStruct->aLevel[iLvl];
  Fts5StructureLevel *pLvlOut = &pStruct->aLevel[iLvl+1];
  Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter = 0;    /* Iterator to read input data */
  int nRem = *pnRem;              /* Output leaf pages left to write */
  int nInput;                     /* Number of input segments */
  Fts5SegWriter writer;           /* Writer object */
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg;     /* Output segment */
  Fts5Buffer term;
  int bRequireDoclistTerm = 0;

  assert( iLvl<pStruct->nLevel );
  assert( pLvl->nMerge<=pLvl->nSeg );

  memset(&writer, 0, sizeof(Fts5SegWriter));
  memset(&term, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
  writer.iIdx = iIdx;
  if( pLvl->nMerge ){
    assert( pLvlOut->nSeg>0 );
    nInput = pLvl->nMerge;
    fts5WriteInitForAppend(p, &writer, iIdx, &pLvlOut->aSeg[pLvlOut->nSeg-1]);
    pSeg = &pLvlOut->aSeg[pLvlOut->nSeg-1];
  }else{
    int iSegid = fts5AllocateSegid(p, pStruct);
    fts5WriteInit(p, &writer, iIdx, iSegid);

    /* Add the new segment to the output level */
    if( iLvl+1==pStruct->nLevel ) pStruct->nLevel++;
    pSeg = &pLvlOut->aSeg[pLvlOut->nSeg];
    pLvlOut->nSeg++;
    pSeg->pgnoFirst = 1;
    pSeg->iSegid = iSegid;

    /* Read input from all segments in the input level */
    nInput = pLvl->nSeg;
  }
#if 0
fprintf(stdout, "merging %d segments from level %d!", nInput, iLvl);
fflush(stdout);
#endif

  for(fts5MultiIterNew(p, pStruct, iIdx, iLvl, nInput, &pIter);
      fts5MultiIterEof(p, pIter)==0;
      fts5MultiIterNext(p, pIter)
  ){
    Fts5PosIter sPos;             /* Used to iterate through position list */
    int iCol = 0;                 /* Current output column */
    int iPos = 0;                 /* Current output position */
    int nTerm;
    const u8 *pTerm = fts5MultiIterTerm(pIter, &nTerm);

    if( nTerm!=term.n || memcmp(pTerm, term.p, nTerm) ){
      if( writer.nLeafWritten>nRem ) break;

      /* This is a new term. Append a term to the output segment. */
      if( bRequireDoclistTerm ){
        fts5WriteAppendZerobyte(p, &writer);
      }
      fts5WriteAppendTerm(p, &writer, nTerm, pTerm);
      fts5BufferSet(&p->rc, &term, nTerm, pTerm);
      bRequireDoclistTerm = 1;
    }

    /* Append the rowid to the output */
    fts5WriteAppendRowid(p, &writer, fts5MultiIterRowid(pIter));

    /* Copy the position list from input to output */
    for(fts5PosIterInit(p, pIter, &sPos);
        fts5PosIterEof(p, &sPos)==0;
        fts5PosIterNext(p, &sPos)
    ){
      if( sPos.iCol!=iCol ){
        fts5WriteAppendPoslistInt(p, &writer, 1);
        fts5WriteAppendPoslistInt(p, &writer, sPos.iCol);
        iCol = sPos.iCol;
        iPos = 0;
      }
      fts5WriteAppendPoslistInt(p, &writer, (sPos.iPos-iPos) + 2);
      iPos = sPos.iPos;
    }
    fts5WriteAppendZerobyte(p, &writer);
  }

  /* Flush the last leaf page to disk. Set the output segment b-tree height
  ** and last leaf page number at the same time.  */
  fts5WriteFinish(p, &writer, &pSeg->nHeight, &pSeg->pgnoLast);

  if( fts5MultiIterEof(p, pIter) ){
    int i;

    /* Remove the redundant segments from the %_data table */
    for(i=0; i<nInput; i++){
      fts5DataRemoveSegment(p, iIdx, pLvl->aSeg[i].iSegid);
    }

    /* Remove the redundant segments from the input level */
    if( pLvl->nSeg!=nInput ){
      int nMove = (pLvl->nSeg - nInput) * sizeof(Fts5StructureSegment);
      memmove(pLvl->aSeg, &pLvl->aSeg[nInput], nMove);
    }
    pLvl->nSeg -= nInput;
    pLvl->nMerge = 0;
  }else{
    fts5TrimSegments(p, pIter);
    pLvl->nMerge = nInput;
  }

  fts5MultiIterFree(p, pIter);
  fts5BufferFree(&term);
  *pnRem -= writer.nLeafWritten;
}

/*
** A total of nLeaf leaf pages of data has just been flushed to a level-0
** segments in index iIdx with structure pStruct. This function updates the
** write-counter accordingly and, if necessary, performs incremental merge
** work.
**
** If an error occurs, set the Fts5Index.rc error code. If an error has 
** already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5IndexWork(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  int iIdx,                       /* Index to work on */
  Fts5Structure *pStruct,         /* Current structure of index */
  int nLeaf                       /* Number of output leaves just written */
){
  i64 nWrite;                     /* Initial value of write-counter */
  int nWork;                      /* Number of work-quanta to perform */
  int nRem;                       /* Number of leaf pages left to write */

  /* Update the write-counter. While doing so, set nWork. */
  nWrite = pStruct->nWriteCounter;
  nWork = ((nWrite + nLeaf) / p->nWorkUnit) - (nWrite / p->nWorkUnit);
  pStruct->nWriteCounter += nLeaf;
  nRem = p->nWorkUnit * nWork * pStruct->nLevel;

  while( nRem>0 ){
    int iLvl;                   /* To iterate through levels */
    int iBestLvl = -1;          /* Level offering the most input segments */
    int nBest = 0;              /* Number of input segments on best level */

    /* Set iBestLvl to the level to read input segments from. */
    for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
      Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl = &pStruct->aLevel[iLvl];
      if( pLvl->nMerge ){
        if( pLvl->nMerge>nBest ){
          iBestLvl = iLvl;
          nBest = pLvl->nMerge;
        }
        break;
      }
      if( pLvl->nSeg>nBest ){
        nBest = pLvl->nSeg;
        iBestLvl = iLvl;
      }
    }
    assert( iBestLvl>=0 && nBest>0 );

    if( nBest<p->nMinMerge && pStruct->aLevel[iBestLvl].nMerge==0 ) break;
    fts5IndexMergeLevel(p, iIdx, pStruct, iBestLvl, &nRem);
    assert( nRem==0 || p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }
}

/*
** Flush the contents of in-memory hash table iHash to a new level-0 
** segment on disk. Also update the corresponding structure record.
**
** If an error occurs, set the Fts5Index.rc error code. If an error has 
** already occurred, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts5FlushOneHash(Fts5Index *p, int iHash, int *pnLeaf){
  Fts5Structure *pStruct;
  int iSegid;
  int pgnoLast = 0;                 /* Last leaf page number in segment */

  /* Obtain a reference to the index structure and allocate a new segment-id
  ** for the new level-0 segment.  */
  pStruct = fts5StructureRead(p, iHash);
  iSegid = fts5AllocateSegid(p, pStruct);

  if( iSegid ){
    Fts5SegWriter writer;
    Fts5PendingDoclist *pList;
    Fts5PendingDoclist *pIter;
    Fts5PendingDoclist *pNext;

    Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg;   /* New segment within pStruct */
    int nHeight;                  /* Height of new segment b-tree */

    pList = fts5PendingList(p, iHash);
    assert( pList!=0 || p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    fts5WriteInit(p, &writer, iHash, iSegid);

    for(pIter=pList; pIter; pIter=pNext){
      pNext = pIter->pNext;
      fts5WritePendingDoclist(p, &writer, pIter);
      fts5FreePendingDoclist(pIter);
    }
    fts5WriteFinish(p, &writer, &nHeight, &pgnoLast);

    /* Edit the Fts5Structure and write it back to the database. */
    if( pStruct->nLevel==0 ) pStruct->nLevel = 1;
    pSeg = &pStruct->aLevel[0].aSeg[ pStruct->aLevel[0].nSeg++ ];
    pSeg->iSegid = iSegid;
    pSeg->nHeight = nHeight;
    pSeg->pgnoFirst = 1;
    pSeg->pgnoLast = pgnoLast;
  }

  fts5IndexWork(p, iHash, pStruct, pgnoLast);
  fts5StructureWrite(p, iHash, pStruct);
  fts5StructureRelease(pStruct);
}

/*
** Indicate that all subsequent calls to sqlite3Fts5IndexWrite() pertain
** to the document with rowid iRowid.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexBeginWrite(Fts5Index *p, i64 iRowid){
  if( iRowid<=p->iWriteRowid ){
    sqlite3Fts5IndexFlush(p);
  }
  p->iWriteRowid = iRowid;
}

/*
** Flush any data stored in the in-memory hash tables to the database.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexFlush(Fts5Index *p){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through indexes */
  int nLeaf = 0;                  /* Number of leaves written */

  /* If an error has already occured this call is a no-op. */
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nPendingData==0 ) return;
  assert( p->aHash );

  /* Flush the terms and each prefix index to disk */
  for(i=0; i<=pConfig->nPrefix; i++){
    fts5FlushOneHash(p, i, &nLeaf);
  }
  p->nPendingData = 0;
}

/*
** Commit data to disk.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexSync(Fts5Index *p){
  sqlite3Fts5IndexFlush(p);
  fts5CloseReader(p);
  return p->rc;
}

/*
** Discard any data stored in the in-memory hash tables. Do not write it
** to the database. Additionally, assume that the contents of the %_data
** table may have changed on disk. So any in-memory caches of %_data 
** records must be invalidated.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexRollback(Fts5Index *p){
  fts5CloseReader(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new Fts5Index handle. If the bCreate argument is true, create
** and initialize the underlying %_data table.
**
** If successful, set *pp to point to the new object and return SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, set *pp to NULL and return an SQLite error code.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexOpen(
  Fts5Config *pConfig, 
  int bCreate, 
  Fts5Index **pp,
  char **pzErr
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts5Index *p;                   /* New object */

  *pp = p = (Fts5Index*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts5Index));
  if( !p ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  memset(p, 0, sizeof(Fts5Index));
  p->pConfig = pConfig;
  p->pgsz = 1000;
  p->nMinMerge = FTS5_MIN_MERGE;
  p->nWorkUnit = FTS5_WORK_UNIT;
  p->nMaxPendingData = 1024*1024;
  p->zDataTbl = sqlite3_mprintf("%s_data", pConfig->zName);
  if( p->zDataTbl==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else if( bCreate ){
    int i;
    Fts5Structure s;
    rc = sqlite3Fts5CreateTable(
        pConfig, "data", "id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, block BLOB", pzErr
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memset(&s, 0, sizeof(Fts5Structure));
      for(i=0; i<pConfig->nPrefix+1; i++){
        fts5StructureWrite(p, i, &s);
      }
      rc = p->rc;
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    sqlite3Fts5IndexClose(p, 0);
    *pp = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a handle opened by an earlier call to sqlite3Fts5IndexOpen().
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexClose(Fts5Index *p, int bDestroy){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( bDestroy ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5DropTable(p->pConfig, "data");
  }
  assert( p->pReader==0 );
  sqlite3_finalize(p->pWriter);
  sqlite3_finalize(p->pDeleter);
  sqlite3_free(p->aHash);
  sqlite3_free(p->zDataTbl);
  sqlite3_free(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a simple checksum value based on the arguments.
*/
static u64 fts5IndexEntryCksum(
  i64 iRowid, 
  int iCol, 
  int iPos, 
  const char *pTerm, 
  int nTerm
){
  int i;
  u64 ret = iRowid;
  ret += (ret<<3) + iCol;
  ret += (ret<<3) + iPos;
  for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++) ret += (ret<<3) + pTerm[i];
  return ret;
}

/*
** Calculate and return a checksum that is the XOR of the index entry
** checksum of all entries that would be generated by the token specified
** by the final 5 arguments.
*/
u64 sqlite3Fts5IndexCksum(
  Fts5Config *pConfig,            /* Configuration object */
  i64 iRowid,                     /* Document term appears in */
  int iCol,                       /* Column term appears in */
  int iPos,                       /* Position term appears in */
  const char *pTerm, int nTerm    /* Term at iPos */
){
  u64 ret = 0;                    /* Return value */
  int iIdx;                       /* For iterating through indexes */

  for(iIdx=0; iIdx<=pConfig->nPrefix; iIdx++){
    int n = ((iIdx==pConfig->nPrefix) ? nTerm : pConfig->aPrefix[iIdx]);
    if( n<=nTerm ){
      ret ^= fts5IndexEntryCksum(iRowid, iCol, iPos, pTerm, n);
    }
  }

  return ret;
}

static void fts5BtreeIterInit(
  Fts5Index *p, 
  int iIdx,
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg, 
  Fts5BtreeIter *pIter
){
  int nByte;
  int i;
  nByte = sizeof(pIter->aLvl[0]) * (pSeg->nHeight-1);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(*pIter));
  pIter->nLvl = pSeg->nHeight-1;
  pIter->iIdx = iIdx;
  pIter->p = p;
  pIter->pSeg = pSeg;
  if( nByte && p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pIter->aLvl = (Fts5BtreeIterLevel*)fts5IdxMalloc(p, nByte);
  }
  for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nLvl; i++){
    i64 iRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(iIdx, pSeg->iSegid, i+1, 1);
    Fts5Data *pData;
    pIter->aLvl[i].pData = pData = fts5DataRead(p, iRowid);
    if( pData ){
      fts5NodeIterInit(pData->n, pData->p, &pIter->aLvl[i].s);
    }
  }

  if( pIter->nLvl==0 || p->rc ){
    pIter->bEof = 1;
    pIter->iLeaf = pSeg->pgnoLast;
  }else{
    pIter->nEmpty = pIter->aLvl[0].s.nEmpty;
    pIter->iLeaf = pIter->aLvl[0].s.iChild;
  }
}

static void fts5BtreeIterNext(Fts5BtreeIter *pIter){
  Fts5Index *p = pIter->p;
  int i;

  assert( pIter->bEof==0 && pIter->aLvl[0].s.aData );
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nLvl && p->rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    Fts5BtreeIterLevel *pLvl = &pIter->aLvl[i];
    fts5NodeIterNext(&p->rc, &pLvl->s);
    if( pLvl->s.aData ){
      fts5BufferSet(&p->rc, &pIter->term, pLvl->s.term.n, pLvl->s.term.p);
      break;
    }else{
      fts5NodeIterFree(&pLvl->s);
      fts5DataRelease(pLvl->pData);
      pLvl->pData = 0;
    }
  }
  if( i==pIter->nLvl || p->rc ){
    pIter->bEof = 1;
  }else{
    int iSegid = pIter->pSeg->iSegid;
    for(i--; i>=0; i--){
      Fts5BtreeIterLevel *pLvl = &pIter->aLvl[i];
      i64 iRowid = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(pIter->iIdx,iSegid,i+1,pLvl[1].s.iChild);
      pLvl->pData = fts5DataRead(p, iRowid);
      if( pLvl->pData ){
        fts5NodeIterInit(pLvl->pData->n, pLvl->pData->p, &pLvl->s);
      }
    }
  }

  pIter->nEmpty = pIter->aLvl[0].s.nEmpty;
  pIter->iLeaf = pIter->aLvl[0].s.iChild;
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || pIter->bEof );
}

static void fts5BtreeIterFree(Fts5BtreeIter *pIter){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nLvl; i++){
    Fts5BtreeIterLevel *pLvl = &pIter->aLvl[i];
    fts5NodeIterFree(&pLvl->s);
    if( pLvl->pData ){
      fts5DataRelease(pLvl->pData);
      pLvl->pData = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(pIter->aLvl);
  fts5BufferFree(&pIter->term);
}

static void fts5IndexIntegrityCheckSegment(
  Fts5Index *p,                   /* FTS5 backend object */
  int iIdx,                       /* Index that pSeg is a part of */
  Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg      /* Segment to check internal consistency */
){
  Fts5BtreeIter iter;             /* Used to iterate through b-tree hierarchy */

  /* Iterate through the b-tree hierarchy.  */
  for(fts5BtreeIterInit(p, iIdx, pSeg, &iter);
      iter.bEof==0;
      fts5BtreeIterNext(&iter)
  ){
    i64 iRow;                     /* Rowid for this leaf */
    Fts5Data *pLeaf;              /* Data for this leaf */
    int iOff;                     /* Offset of first term on leaf */
    int i;                        /* Used to iterate through empty leaves */

    /* If the leaf in question has already been trimmed from the segment, 
    ** ignore this b-tree entry. Otherwise, load it into memory. */
    if( iter.iLeaf<pSeg->pgnoFirst ) continue;
    iRow = FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID(iIdx, pSeg->iSegid, 0, iter.iLeaf);
    pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, iRow);
    if( pLeaf==0 ) break;

    /* Check that the leaf contains at least one term, and that it is equal
    ** to or larger than the split-key in iter.term.  */
    iOff = fts5GetU16(&pLeaf->p[2]);
    if( iOff==0 ){
      p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
    }else{
      int nTerm;                  /* Size of term on leaf in bytes */
      int res;                    /* Comparison of term and split-key */
      iOff += getVarint32(&pLeaf->p[iOff], nTerm);
      res = memcmp(&pLeaf->p[iOff], iter.term.p, MIN(nTerm, iter.term.n));
      if( res==0 ) res = nTerm - iter.term.n;
      if( res<0 ){
        p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
      }
    }
    fts5DataRelease(pLeaf);
    if( p->rc ) break;

    /* Now check that the iter.nEmpty leaves following the current leaf
    ** (a) exist and (b) contain no terms. */
    for(i=1; i<=iter.nEmpty; i++){
      pLeaf = fts5DataRead(p, iRow+i);
      if( pLeaf && 0!=fts5GetU16(&pLeaf->p[2]) ){
        p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
      }
      fts5DataRelease(pLeaf);
    }
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && iter.iLeaf!=pSeg->pgnoLast ){
    p->rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;
  }

  fts5BtreeIterFree(&iter);
}

/*
** Run internal checks to ensure that the FTS index (a) is internally 
** consistent and (b) contains entries for which the XOR of the checksums
** as calculated by fts5IndexEntryCksum() is cksum.
**
** Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if any of the internal checks fail, or if the
** checksum does not match. Return SQLITE_OK if all checks pass without
** error, or some other SQLite error code if another error (e.g. OOM)
** occurs.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexIntegrityCheck(Fts5Index *p, u64 cksum){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  int iIdx;                       /* Used to iterate through indexes */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  u64 cksum2 = 0;                 /* Checksum based on contents of indexes */

  /* Check that the checksum of the index matches the argument checksum */
  for(iIdx=0; iIdx<=pConfig->nPrefix; iIdx++){
    Fts5MultiSegIter *pIter;
    Fts5Structure *pStruct = fts5StructureRead(p, iIdx);
    for(fts5MultiIterNew(p, pStruct, iIdx, -1, 0, &pIter);
        fts5MultiIterEof(p, pIter)==0;
        fts5MultiIterNext(p, pIter)
    ){
      Fts5PosIter sPos;           /* Used to iterate through position list */
      int n;                      /* Size of term in bytes */
      i64 iRowid = fts5MultiIterRowid(pIter);
      char *z = (char*)fts5MultiIterTerm(pIter, &n);

      for(fts5PosIterInit(p, pIter, &sPos);
          fts5PosIterEof(p, &sPos)==0;
          fts5PosIterNext(p, &sPos)
      ){
        cksum2 ^= fts5IndexEntryCksum(iRowid, sPos.iCol, sPos.iPos, z, n);
#if 0
        fprintf(stdout, "rowid=%d ", (int)iRowid);
        fprintf(stdout, "term=%.*s ", n, z);
        fprintf(stdout, "col=%d ", sPos.iCol);
        fprintf(stdout, "off=%d\n", sPos.iPos);
        fflush(stdout);
#endif
      }
    }
    fts5MultiIterFree(p, pIter);
    fts5StructureRelease(pStruct);
  }
  rc = p->rc;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && cksum!=cksum2 ) rc = FTS5_CORRUPT;

  /* Check that the internal nodes of each segment match the leaves */
  for(iIdx=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iIdx<=pConfig->nPrefix; iIdx++){
    Fts5Structure *pStruct = fts5StructureRead(p, iIdx);
    if( pStruct ){
      int iLvl, iSeg;
      for(iLvl=0; iLvl<pStruct->nLevel; iLvl++){
        for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].nSeg; iSeg++){
          Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg = &pStruct->aLevel[iLvl].aSeg[iSeg];
          fts5IndexIntegrityCheckSegment(p, iIdx, pSeg);
        }
      }
    }
    fts5StructureRelease(pStruct);
    rc = p->rc;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
*/
static void fts5DecodeStructure(
  int *pRc,                       /* IN/OUT: error code */
  Fts5Buffer *pBuf,
  const u8 *pBlob, int nBlob
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iLvl, iSeg;                 /* Iterate through levels, segments */
  Fts5Structure *p = 0;           /* Decoded structure object */

  rc = fts5StructureDecode(pBlob, nBlob, &p);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    *pRc = rc;
    return;
  }

  for(iLvl=0; iLvl<p->nLevel; iLvl++){
    Fts5StructureLevel *pLvl = &p->aLevel[iLvl];
    fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, " {lvl=%d nMerge=%d", iLvl, pLvl->nMerge);
    for(iSeg=0; iSeg<pLvl->nSeg; iSeg++){
      Fts5StructureSegment *pSeg = &pLvl->aSeg[iSeg];
      fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, 
          " {id=%d h=%d leaves=%d..%d}", pSeg->iSegid, pSeg->nHeight, 
          pSeg->pgnoFirst, pSeg->pgnoLast
      );
    }
    fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, "}");
  }

  fts5StructureRelease(p);
}

/*
** Decode a segment-data rowid from the %_data table. This function is
** the opposite of macro FTS5_SEGMENT_ROWID().
*/
static void fts5DecodeRowid(
  i64 iRowid,                     /* Rowid from %_data table */
  int *piIdx,                     /* OUT: Index */
  int *piSegid,                   /* OUT: Segment id */
  int *piHeight,                  /* OUT: Height */
  int *piPgno                     /* OUT: Page number */
){
  *piPgno = (int)(iRowid & (((i64)1 << FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B) - 1));
  iRowid >>= FTS5_DATA_PAGE_B;

  *piHeight = (int)(iRowid & (((i64)1 << FTS5_DATA_HEIGHT_B) - 1));
  iRowid >>= FTS5_DATA_HEIGHT_B;

  *piSegid = (int)(iRowid & (((i64)1 << FTS5_DATA_ID_B) - 1));
  iRowid >>= FTS5_DATA_ID_B;

  *piIdx = (int)(iRowid & (((i64)1 << FTS5_DATA_IDX_B) - 1));
}

/*
** Buffer (a/n) is assumed to contain a list of serialized varints. Read
** each varint and append its string representation to buffer pBuf. Return
** after either the input buffer is exhausted or a 0 value is read.
**
** The return value is the number of bytes read from the input buffer.
*/
static int fts5DecodePoslist(int *pRc, Fts5Buffer *pBuf, const u8 *a, int n){
  int iOff = 0;
  while( iOff<n ){
    int iVal;
    iOff += getVarint32(&a[iOff], iVal);
    fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, " %d", iVal);
    if( iVal==0 ) break;
  }
  return iOff;
}

/*
** The start of buffer (a/n) contains the start of a doclist. The doclist
** may or may not finish within the buffer. This function appends a text
** representation of the part of the doclist that is present to buffer
** pBuf. 
**
** The return value is the number of bytes read from the input buffer.
*/
static int fts5DecodeDoclist(int *pRc, Fts5Buffer *pBuf, const u8 *a, int n){
  i64 iDocid;
  int iOff = 0;

  if( iOff<n ){
    iOff += sqlite3GetVarint(&a[iOff], (u64*)&iDocid);
    fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, " rowid=%lld", iDocid);
  }
  while( iOff<n ){
    iOff += fts5DecodePoslist(pRc, pBuf, &a[iOff], n-iOff);
    if( iOff<n ){
      i64 iDelta;
      iOff += sqlite3GetVarint(&a[iOff], (u64*)&iDelta);
      if( iDelta==0 ) return iOff;
      iDocid -= iDelta;
      fts5BufferAppendPrintf(pRc, pBuf, " rowid=%lld", iDocid);
    }
  }

  return iOff;
}

/*
** The implementation of user-defined scalar function fts5_decode().
*/
static void fts5DecodeFunction(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args (always 2) */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Function arguments */
){
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid for record being decoded */
  int iIdx,iSegid,iHeight,iPgno;  /* Rowid compenents */
  const u8 *a; int n;             /* Record to decode */
  Fts5Buffer s;                   /* Build up text to return here */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( nArg==2 );
  memset(&s, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
  iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(apVal[0]);
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(apVal[1]);
  a = sqlite3_value_blob(apVal[1]);
  fts5DecodeRowid(iRowid, &iIdx, &iSegid, &iHeight, &iPgno);

  if( iSegid==0 ){
    if( iRowid==FTS5_AVERAGES_ROWID ){
      fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc, &s, "{averages} ");
    }else{
      fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc, &s, "{structure idx=%d}", (int)(iRowid-10));
      fts5DecodeStructure(&rc, &s, a, n);
    }
  }else{

    Fts5Buffer term;
    memset(&term, 0, sizeof(Fts5Buffer));
    fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc, &s, "(idx=%d segid=%d h=%d pgno=%d) ",
        iIdx, iSegid, iHeight, iPgno
    );

    if( iHeight==0 ){
      int iTermOff = 0;
      int iRowidOff = 0;
      int iOff;
      int nKeep = 0;

      iRowidOff = fts5GetU16(&a[0]);
      iTermOff = fts5GetU16(&a[2]);
      iOff = 4;
      if( iTermOff!=4 && iRowidOff!=4 ){
        iOff += fts5DecodePoslist(&rc, &s, &a[iOff], n-iOff);
        if( iRowidOff==0 ) iOff++;
      }

      assert( iRowidOff==0 || iOff==iRowidOff );
      if( iRowidOff ){
        iOff += fts5DecodeDoclist(&rc, &s, &a[iOff], n-iOff);
      }

      assert( iTermOff==0 || iOff==iTermOff );
      while( iOff<n ){
        int nByte;
        iOff += getVarint32(&a[iOff], nByte);
        term.n= nKeep;
        fts5BufferAppendBlob(&rc, &term, nByte, &a[iOff]);
        iOff += nByte;

        fts5BufferAppendPrintf(
            &rc, &s, " term=%.*s", term.n, (const char*)term.p
        );
        iOff += fts5DecodeDoclist(&rc, &s, &a[iOff], n-iOff);
        if( iOff<n ){
          iOff += getVarint32(&a[iOff], nKeep);
        }
      }
      fts5BufferFree(&term);
    }else{
      Fts5NodeIter ss;
      for(fts5NodeIterInit(n, a, &ss); ss.aData; fts5NodeIterNext(&rc, &ss)){
        if( ss.term.n==0 ){
          fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc, &s, " left=%d", ss.iChild);
        }else{
          fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc,&s, " \"%.*s\"", ss.term.n, ss.term.p);
        }
        if( ss.nEmpty ){
          fts5BufferAppendPrintf(&rc, &s, " empty=%d", ss.nEmpty);
        }
      }
      fts5NodeIterFree(&ss);
    }
  }
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, (const char*)s.p, s.n, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }
  fts5BufferFree(&s);
}

/*
** This is called as part of registering the FTS5 module with database
** connection db. It registers several user-defined scalar functions useful
** with FTS5.
**
** If successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error occurs, some other
** SQLite error code is returned instead.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5IndexInit(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "fts5_decode", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, fts5DecodeFunction, 0, 0
  );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set the target page size for the index object.
*/
void sqlite3Fts5IndexPgsz(Fts5Index *p, int pgsz){
  p->pgsz = pgsz;
}

Added ext/fts5/fts5_storage.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2014 May 31
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
*/

#include "fts5Int.h"

struct Fts5Storage {
  Fts5Config *pConfig;
  Fts5Index *pIndex;

  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[7];
};

#define FTS5_STMT_INSERT_CONTENT  0
#define FTS5_STMT_REPLACE_CONTENT 1

#define FTS5_STMT_DELETE_CONTENT  2
#define FTS5_STMT_INSERT_DOCSIZE  3
#define FTS5_STMT_DELETE_DOCSIZE  4

#define FTS5_STMT_SCAN_CONTENT    5
#define FTS5_STMT_SEEK_CONTENT    6

/*
** Prepare the two insert statements - Fts5Storage.pInsertContent and
** Fts5Storage.pInsertDocsize - if they have not already been prepared.
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error code if an error
** occurs.
*/
static int fts5StorageGetStmt(
  Fts5Storage *p,                 /* Storage handle */
  int eStmt,                      /* FTS5_STMT_XXX constant */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt           /* OUT: Prepared statement handle */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( eStmt>=0 && eStmt<ArraySize(p->aStmt) );
  if( p->aStmt[eStmt]==0 ){
    const char *azStmt[] = {
      "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_content' VALUES(%s)",       /* INSERT_CONTENT  */
      "REPLACE INTO %Q.'%q_content' VALUES(%s)",      /* REPLACE_CONTENT */
      "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE id=?",       /* DELETE_CONTENT  */
      "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_docsize' VALUES(?,?)",      /* INSERT_DOCSIZE  */
      "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_docsize' WHERE id=?",       /* DELETE_DOCSIZE  */
      "SELECT * FROM %Q.'%q_content'",                /* SCAN_CONTENT  */
      "SELECT * FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE rowid=?",  /* SEEK_CONTENT  */
    };
    Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
    char *zSql = 0;

    if( eStmt==FTS5_STMT_INSERT_CONTENT || eStmt==FTS5_STMT_REPLACE_CONTENT ){
      int nCol = pConfig->nCol + 1;
      char *zBind;
      int i;

      zBind = sqlite3_malloc(1 + nCol*2);
      if( zBind ){
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          zBind[i*2] = '?';
          zBind[i*2 + 1] = ',';
        }
        zBind[i*2-1] = '\0';
        zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azStmt[eStmt],pConfig->zDb,pConfig->zName,zBind);
        sqlite3_free(zBind);
      }
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azStmt[eStmt], pConfig->zDb, pConfig->zName);
    }

    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pConfig->db, zSql, -1, &p->aStmt[eStmt], 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
  }

  *ppStmt = p->aStmt[eStmt];
  return rc;
}

/*
** Drop the shadow table with the postfix zPost (e.g. "content"). Return
** SQLITE_OK if successful or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5DropTable(Fts5Config *pConfig, const char *zPost){
  int rc;
  char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_%q'",
      pConfig->zDb, pConfig->zName, zPost
  );
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(pConfig->db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create the shadow table named zPost, with definition zDefn. Return
** SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5CreateTable(
  Fts5Config *pConfig,            /* FTS5 configuration */
  const char *zPost,              /* Shadow table to create (e.g. "content") */
  const char *zDefn,              /* Columns etc. for shadow table */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_%q'(%s)",
      pConfig->zDb, pConfig->zName, zPost, zDefn
  );
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    char *zErr = 0;
    assert( *pzErr==0 );
    rc = sqlite3_exec(pConfig->db, zSql, 0, 0, &zErr);
    if( zErr ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "fts5: error creating shadow table %q_%s: %s", 
          pConfig->zName, zPost, zErr
      );
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Open a new Fts5Index handle. If the bCreate argument is true, create
** and initialize the underlying tables 
**
** If successful, set *pp to point to the new object and return SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, set *pp to NULL and return an SQLite error code.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5StorageOpen(
  Fts5Config *pConfig, 
  Fts5Index *pIndex, 
  int bCreate, 
  Fts5Storage **pp,
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message */
){
  int rc;
  Fts5Storage *p;                 /* New object */

  *pp = p = (Fts5Storage*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts5Storage));
  if( !p ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  memset(p, 0, sizeof(Fts5Storage));
  p->pConfig = pConfig;
  p->pIndex = pIndex;

  if( bCreate ){
    int i;
    char *zDefn = sqlite3_malloc(32 + pConfig->nCol * 10);
    if( zDefn==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      int iOff = sprintf(zDefn, "id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
      for(i=0; i<pConfig->nCol; i++){
        iOff += sprintf(&zDefn[iOff], ", c%d", i);
      }
      rc = sqlite3Fts5CreateTable(pConfig, "content", zDefn, pzErr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zDefn);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3Fts5CreateTable(
          pConfig, "docsize", "id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, sz BLOB", pzErr
      );
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    sqlite3Fts5StorageClose(p, 0);
    *pp = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a handle opened by an earlier call to sqlite3Fts5StorageOpen().
*/
int sqlite3Fts5StorageClose(Fts5Storage *p, int bDestroy){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;

  /* Finalize all SQL statements */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(p->aStmt); i++){
    sqlite3_finalize(p->aStmt[i]);
  }

  /* If required, remove the shadow tables from the database */
  if( bDestroy ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5DropTable(p->pConfig, "content");
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) sqlite3Fts5DropTable(p->pConfig, "docsize");
  }

  sqlite3_free(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Remove a row from the FTS table.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5StorageDelete(Fts5Storage *p, i64 iDel){
  assert( !"do this" );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

typedef struct Fts5InsertCtx Fts5InsertCtx;
struct Fts5InsertCtx {
  Fts5Storage *pStorage;
  int iCol;
};

/*
** Tokenization callback used when inserting tokens into the FTS index.
*/
static int fts5StorageInsertCallback(
  void *pContext,                 /* Pointer to Fts5InsertCtx object */
  const char *pToken,             /* Buffer containing token */
  int nToken,                     /* Size of token in bytes */
  int iStart,                     /* Start offset of token */
  int iEnd,                       /* End offset of token */
  int iPos                        /* Position offset of token */
){
  Fts5InsertCtx *pCtx = (Fts5InsertCtx*)pContext;
  Fts5Index *pIdx = pCtx->pStorage->pIndex;
  sqlite3Fts5IndexWrite(pIdx, pCtx->iCol, iPos, pToken, nToken);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If a row with rowid iDel is present in the %_content table, add the
** delete-markers to the FTS index necessary to delete it. Do not actually
** remove the %_content row at this time though.
*/
static int fts5StorageDeleteFromIndex(Fts5Storage *p, i64 iDel){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  sqlite3_stmt *pSeek;            /* SELECT to read row iDel from %_data */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  rc = fts5StorageGetStmt(p, FTS5_STMT_SEEK_CONTENT, &pSeek);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    sqlite3_bind_int64(pSeek, 1, iDel);
    if( sqlite3_step(pSeek)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int iCol;
      Fts5InsertCtx ctx;
      ctx.pStorage = p;
      ctx.iCol = -1;
      sqlite3Fts5IndexBeginWrite(p->pIndex, iDel);
      for(iCol=1; iCol<=pConfig->nCol; iCol++){
        rc = sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(pConfig, 
            (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSeek, iCol),
            sqlite3_column_bytes(pSeek, iCol),
            (void*)&ctx,
            fts5StorageInsertCallback
        );
      }
    }
    rc2 = sqlite3_reset(pSeek);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Insert a new row into the FTS table.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5StorageInsert(
  Fts5Storage *p,                 /* Storage module to write to */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of values passed to xUpdate() */
  int eConflict,                  /* on conflict clause */
  i64 *piRowid                    /* OUT: rowid of new record */
){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement used to write %_content table */
  int eStmt;                      /* Type of statement used on %_content */
  int i;                          /* Counter variable */
  Fts5InsertCtx ctx;              /* Tokenization callback context object */

  /* Insert the new row into the %_content table. */
  if( eConflict==SQLITE_REPLACE ){
    eStmt = FTS5_STMT_REPLACE_CONTENT;
    if( sqlite3_value_type(apVal[1])==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      rc = fts5StorageDeleteFromIndex(p, sqlite3_value_int64(apVal[1]));
    }
  }else{
    eStmt = FTS5_STMT_INSERT_CONTENT;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = fts5StorageGetStmt(p, eStmt, &pInsert);
  }
  for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=pConfig->nCol+1; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pInsert, i, apVal[i]);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_step(pInsert);
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pInsert);
  }
  *piRowid = sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(pConfig->db);

  /* Add new entries to the FTS index */
  sqlite3Fts5IndexBeginWrite(p->pIndex, *piRowid);
  ctx.pStorage = p;
  for(ctx.iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ctx.iCol<pConfig->nCol; ctx.iCol++){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(pConfig, 
        (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[ctx.iCol+2]),
        sqlite3_value_bytes(apVal[ctx.iCol+2]),
        (void*)&ctx,
        fts5StorageInsertCallback
    );
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Context object used by sqlite3Fts5StorageIntegrity().
*/
typedef struct Fts5IntegrityCtx Fts5IntegrityCtx;
struct Fts5IntegrityCtx {
  i64 iRowid;
  int iCol;
  u64 cksum;
  Fts5Config *pConfig;
};

/*
** Tokenization callback used by integrity check.
*/
static int fts5StorageIntegrityCallback(
  void *pContext,                 /* Pointer to Fts5InsertCtx object */
  const char *pToken,             /* Buffer containing token */
  int nToken,                     /* Size of token in bytes */
  int iStart,                     /* Start offset of token */
  int iEnd,                       /* End offset of token */
  int iPos                        /* Position offset of token */
){
  Fts5IntegrityCtx *pCtx = (Fts5IntegrityCtx*)pContext;
  pCtx->cksum ^= sqlite3Fts5IndexCksum(
      pCtx->pConfig, pCtx->iRowid, pCtx->iCol, iPos, pToken, nToken
  );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Check that the contents of the FTS index match that of the %_content
** table. Return SQLITE_OK if they do, or SQLITE_CORRUPT if not. Return
** some other SQLite error code if an error occurs while attempting to
** determine this.
*/
int sqlite3Fts5StorageIntegrity(Fts5Storage *p){
  Fts5Config *pConfig = p->pConfig;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  Fts5IntegrityCtx ctx;
  sqlite3_stmt *pScan;

  memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(Fts5IntegrityCtx));
  ctx.pConfig = p->pConfig;

  /* Generate the expected index checksum based on the contents of the
  ** %_content table. This block stores the checksum in ctx.cksum. */
  rc = fts5StorageGetStmt(p, FTS5_STMT_SCAN_CONTENT, &pScan);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pScan) ){
      int i;
      ctx.iRowid = sqlite3_column_int64(pScan, 0);
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pConfig->nCol; i++){
        ctx.iCol = i;
        rc = sqlite3Fts5Tokenize(
            pConfig, 
            (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pScan, i+1),
            sqlite3_column_bytes(pScan, i+1),
            (void*)&ctx,
            fts5StorageIntegrityCallback
        );
      }
    }
    rc2 = sqlite3_reset(pScan);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }

  /* Pass the expected checksum down to the FTS index module. It will
  ** verify, amongst other things, that it matches the checksum generated by
  ** inspecting the index itself.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexIntegrityCheck(p->pIndex, ctx.cksum);
  }

  return rc;
}


Changes to main.mk.

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################################################################################

# This is how we compile
#
TCCX =  $(TCC) $(OPTS) -I. -I$(TOP)/src -I$(TOP) 
TCCX += -I$(TOP)/ext/rtree -I$(TOP)/ext/icu -I$(TOP)/ext/fts3
TCCX += -I$(TOP)/ext/async


# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o date.o delete.o expr.o fault.o fkey.o \
................................................................................
         pager.o pcache.o pcache1.o pragma.o prepare.o printf.o \
         random.o resolve.o rowset.o rtree.o select.o status.o \
         table.o tokenize.o trigger.o \
         update.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbeblob.o vdbemem.o vdbesort.o \
	 vdbetrace.o wal.o walker.o where.o utf.o vtab.o










# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/alter.c \
  $(TOP)/src/analyze.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3Int.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_hash.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer.h
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.h
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/icu/sqliteicu.h



# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................

fts3_unicode2.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_unicode2.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_unicode2.c

fts3_write.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_write.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_write.c




rtree.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.c






















# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)








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################################################################################

# This is how we compile
#
TCCX =  $(TCC) $(OPTS) -I. -I$(TOP)/src -I$(TOP) 
TCCX += -I$(TOP)/ext/rtree -I$(TOP)/ext/icu -I$(TOP)/ext/fts3
TCCX += -I$(TOP)/ext/async
TCCX += -I$(TOP)/ext/fts5

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o date.o delete.o expr.o fault.o fkey.o \
................................................................................
         pager.o pcache.o pcache1.o pragma.o prepare.o printf.o \
         random.o resolve.o rowset.o rtree.o select.o status.o \
         table.o tokenize.o trigger.o \
         update.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbeblob.o vdbemem.o vdbesort.o \
	 vdbetrace.o wal.o walker.o where.o utf.o vtab.o

LIBOBJ += fts5.o
LIBOBJ += fts5_config.o
LIBOBJ += fts5_expr.o
LIBOBJ += fts5_index.o
LIBOBJ += fts5_storage.o
LIBOBJ += fts5parse.o



# All of the source code files.
#
SRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/alter.c \
  $(TOP)/src/analyze.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3Int.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_hash.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer.h
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.h
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/icu/sqliteicu.h
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5Int.h

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
................................................................................

fts3_unicode2.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_unicode2.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_unicode2.c

fts3_write.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_write.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_write.c

fts5.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5.c

rtree.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rtree/rtree.c


# FTS5 things
#
fts5_config.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_config.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_config.c

fts5_expr.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_expr.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_expr.c

fts5_index.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_index.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_index.c

fts5_storage.o:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_storage.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_storage.c

fts5parse.c:	$(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5parse.y lemon 
	cp $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5parse.y .
	rm -f fts5parse.h
	./lemon $(OPTS) fts5parse.y


# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

Changes to src/main.c.

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    rc = sqlite3Fts2Init(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3Init(db);

  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3IcuInit(db);
  }







>







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    rc = sqlite3Fts2Init(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3Init(db);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3Fts5Init(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3IcuInit(db);
  }

Added test/fts5aa.test.

















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2014 June 17
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#*************************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this script is testing the FTS5 module.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix fts5aa

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(a, b, c);
  SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master;
} {
  t1 {CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(a, b, c)}
  t1_data {CREATE TABLE 't1_data'(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, block BLOB)}
  t1_content {CREATE TABLE 't1_content'(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, c0, c1, c2)}
  t1_docsize {CREATE TABLE 't1_docsize'(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, sz BLOB)}
}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master;
} {
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y);
}
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('a b c', 'd e f');
}
do_execsql_test 2.2 {
  SELECT fts5_decode(id, block) FROM t1_data WHERE id==10
} {
  {{structure idx=0} {lvl=0 nMerge=0 {id=27723 h=1 leaves=1..1}}}
}
do_execsql_test 2.3 {
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check');
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y);
}
foreach {i x y} {
   1  {g f d b f} {h h e i a}
   2  {f i g j e} {i j c f f}
   3  {e e i f a} {e h f d f}
   4  {h j f j i} {h a c f j}
   5  {d b j c g} {f e i b e}
   6  {a j a e e} {j d f d e}
   7  {g i j c h} {j d h c a}
   8  {j j i d d} {e e d f b}
   9  {c j j d c} {h j i f g}
   10 {b f h i a} {c f b b j}
} {
  do_execsql_test 3.$i.1 { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($x, $y) }
  do_execsql_test 3.$i.2 { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') }
  if {[set_test_counter errors]} break
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}
foreach {i x y} {
   1  {g f d b f} {h h e i a}
   2  {f i g j e} {i j c f f}
   3  {e e i f a} {e h f d f}
   4  {h j f j i} {h a c f j}
   5  {d b j c g} {f e i b e}
   6  {a j a e e} {j d f d e}
   7  {g i j c h} {j d h c a}
   8  {j j i d d} {e e d f b}
   9  {c j j d c} {h j i f g}
   10 {b f h i a} {c f b b j}
} {
  do_execsql_test 4.$i.1 { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($x, $y) }
  do_execsql_test 4.$i.2 { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') }
  if {[set_test_counter errors]} break
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}
foreach {i x y} {
   1  {dd abc abc abc abcde} {aaa dd ddd ddd aab}
   2  {dd aab d aaa b} {abcde c aaa aaa aaa}
   3  {abcde dd b b dd} {abc abc d abc ddddd}
   4  {aaa abcde dddd dddd abcde} {abc b b abcde abc}
   5  {aab dddd d dddd c} {ddd abcde dddd abcde c}
   6  {ddd dd b aab abcde} {d ddddd dddd c abc}
   7  {d ddddd ddd c abcde} {c aab d abcde ddd}
   8  {abcde aaa aab c c} {ddd c dddd b aaa}
   9  {abcde aab ddddd c aab} {dddd dddd b c dd}
   10 {ddd abcde dddd dd c} {dddd c c d abcde}
} {
  do_execsql_test 5.$i.1 { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($x, $y) }
  do_execsql_test 5.$i.2 { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') }
  if {[set_test_counter errors]} break
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}

do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  INSERT  INTO t1(rowid, x, y) VALUES(22, 'a b c', 'c b a');
  REPLACE INTO t1(rowid, x, y) VALUES(22, 'd e f', 'f e d');
}

do_execsql_test 6.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check') 
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y,z);
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}

proc doc {} {
  set v [list aaa aab abc abcde b c d dd ddd dddd ddddd]
  set ret [list]
  for {set j 0} {$j < 20} {incr j} {
    lappend ret [lindex $v [expr int(rand()*[llength $v])]]
  }
  return $ret
}

proc dump_structure {} {
  db eval {SELECT fts5_decode(id, block) AS t FROM t1_data WHERE id=10} {
    foreach lvl [lrange $t 1 end] {
      set seg [string repeat . [expr [llength $lvl]-2]]
      puts "[lrange $lvl 0 1] $seg"
    }
  }
}

for {set i 1} {$i <= 10} {incr i} {
  do_test 7.$i {
    for {set j 0} {$j < 100} {incr j} {
      set x [doc]
      set y [doc]
      set z [doc]
      set rowid [expr int(rand() * 100)]
      execsql { REPLACE INTO t1(rowid,x,y,z) VALUES($rowid, $x, $y, $z) }
    }
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check'); }
  } {}
  if {[set_test_counter errors]} exit
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 8.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x, prefix="1,2,3");
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}

do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('the quick brown fox');
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check');
}


#finish_test


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db

expr srand(0)

do_execsql_test 9.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts5(x,y,z, prefix="1,2,3");
  INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('pgsz=32');
}

proc doc {} {
  set v [list aaa aab abc abcde b c d dd ddd dddd ddddd]
  set ret [list]
  for {set j 0} {$j < 20} {incr j} {
    lappend ret [lindex $v [expr int(rand()*[llength $v])]]
  }
  return $ret
}

proc dump_structure {} {
  db eval {SELECT fts5_decode(id, block) AS t FROM t1_data WHERE id=10} {
    foreach lvl [lrange $t 1 end] {
      set seg [string repeat . [expr [llength $lvl]-2]]
      puts "[lrange $lvl 0 1] $seg"
    }
  }
}

for {set i 1} {$i <= 10} {incr i} {
  do_test 9.$i {
    for {set j 0} {$j < 100} {incr j} {
      set x [doc]
      set y [doc]
      set z [doc]
      set rowid [expr int(rand() * 100)]
      execsql { REPLACE INTO t1(rowid,x,y,z) VALUES($rowid, $x, $y, $z) }
    }
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('integrity-check'); }
  } {}
  if {[set_test_counter errors]} break
}

finish_test

Added test/fts5ea.test.









































































































































































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# 2014 June 17
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#*************************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix fts5ea

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

proc do_syntax_error_test {tn expr err} {
  set ::se_expr $expr
  do_catchsql_test $tn {SELECT fts5_expr($se_expr)} [list 1 $err]
}

proc do_syntax_test {tn expr res} {
  set ::se_expr $expr
  do_execsql_test $tn {SELECT fts5_expr($se_expr)} [list $res]
}

foreach {tn expr res} {
  1  {abc}                           {"abc"}
  2  {abc def}                       {"abc" AND "def"}
  3  {abc*}                          {"abc" *}
  4  {"abc def ghi" *}               {"abc" + "def" + "ghi" *}
  5  {one AND two}                   {"one" AND "two"}
  6  {one+two}                       {"one" + "two"}
  7  {one AND two OR three}          {("one" AND "two") OR "three"}
  8  {one OR two AND three}          {"one" OR ("two" AND "three")}
  9  {NEAR(one two)}                 {NEAR("one" "two", 10)}
  10 {NEAR("one three"* two, 5)}     {NEAR("one" + "three" * "two", 5)}
} {
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn {SELECT fts5_expr($expr)} [list $res]
}

foreach {tn expr res} {
  1 {c1:abc}                           
    {c1 : "abc"}
  2 {c2 : NEAR(one two) c1:"hello world"} 
    {c2 : NEAR("one" "two", 10) AND c1 : "hello" + "world"}
} {
  do_execsql_test 2.$tn {SELECT fts5_expr($expr, 'c1', 'c2')} [list $res]
}

breakpoint
foreach {tn expr err} {
  1 {AND}                          {syntax error near "AND"}
  2 {abc def AND}                  {syntax error near ""}
  3 {abc OR AND}                   {syntax error near "AND"}
  4 {(a OR b) abc}                 {syntax error near "abc"}
  5 {NEaR (a b)}                   {syntax error near "NEaR"}
  6 {(a OR b) NOT c)}              {syntax error near ")"}
  7 {nosuch: a nosuch2: b}         {no such column: nosuch}
  8 {addr: a nosuch2: b}           {no such column: nosuch2}
} {
  do_catchsql_test 3.$tn {SELECT fts5_expr($expr, 'name', 'addr')} [list 1 $err]
}



# do_syntax_error_test 1.0 {NOT} {syntax error near "NOT"}



# do_catchsql_test 1.1 { 
 #  SELECT fts5_expr('a OR b NOT c') 
#} {0 {"a" OR "b" NOT "c"}}


#do_execsql_test 1.0 { SELECT fts5_expr('a') } {{"a"}}

finish_test