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Overview
Comment:Use symbolic names ONEPASS_OFF, ONEPASS_SINGLE, and ONEPASS_MULTI for the various modes of the one-pass optimization.
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SHA1: 16e56bdadef903c6439a487f2683388aeeb0c625
User & Date: drh 2015-09-14 14:45:50
Context
2015-09-14
14:49
Fix a typo in an SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION macro. check-in: 379455af user: drh tags: trunk
14:45
Use symbolic names ONEPASS_OFF, ONEPASS_SINGLE, and ONEPASS_MULTI for the various modes of the one-pass optimization. check-in: 16e56bda user: drh tags: trunk
14:08
Fix a compiler warning and providing missing VdbeCoverage() calls. check-in: 2edd2e5e user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/delete.c.

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  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
  int eOnePass;          /* Non-zero for one-pass algorithm without the FIFO */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */
  u8 *aToOpen = 0;       /* Open cursor iTabCur+j if aToOpen[j] is true */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index on the table */
  int iPk = 0;           /* First of nPk registers holding PRIMARY KEY value */
  i16 nPk = 1;           /* Number of columns in the PRIMARY KEY */
  int iKey;              /* Memory cell holding key of row to be deleted */
  i16 nKey;              /* Number of memory cells in the row key */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    }
  
    /* Construct a query to find the rowid or primary key for every row
    ** to be deleted, based on the WHERE clause. Set variable eOnePass
    ** to indicate the strategy used to implement this delete:
    **
    **   0: Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **   1: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **   2: One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass==0 );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
................................................................................
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
      if( iKey>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = iKey;
    }
  
    if( eOnePass ){
      /* For ONEPASS, no need to store the rowid/primary-key. There is only
      ** one, so just keep it in its register(s) and fall through to the
      ** delete code.  */
      nKey = nPk; /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      aToOpen = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nIdx+2);
      if( aToOpen==0 ){
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
................................................................................
        nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
      }
    }
  
    /* If this DELETE cannot use the ONEPASS strategy, this is the 
    ** end of the WHERE loop */
    if( eOnePass ){
      addrBypass = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }else{
      sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    }
  
    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
    */
    if( !isView ){
      int iAddrOnce = 0;
      if( eOnePass==2 ){
        iAddrOnce = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      testcase( IsVirtual(pTab) );
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, iTabCur, aToOpen,
                                 &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iDataCur==iTabCur );
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iIdxCur==iDataCur+1 );
      if( eOnePass==2 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddrOnce);
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
................................................................................
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
      }
      sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          iKey, nKey, count, OE_Default, eOnePass, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
  
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( eOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
      sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrLoop);
................................................................................
**
**   3.  The primary key for the row to be deleted must be stored in a
**       sequence of nPk memory cells starting at iPk.  If nPk==0 that means
**       that a search record formed from OP_MakeRecord is contained in the
**       single memory location iPk.
**
** eMode:
**   Parameter eMode may be passed either 0, 1 or 2. If it is passed a 
**   non-zero value, then it is guaranteed that cursor iDataCur already 
**   points to the row to delete. If it is passed 0, then this function 
**   must seek iDataCur to the entry identified by iPk and nPk before
**   reading from it.
**
**   If eMode is passed the value 2, then this call is being made as part
**   of a ONEPASS delete that affects multiple rows. In this case, if 
**   iIdxNoSeek is a valid cursor number (>=0), then its position should
**   be preserved following the delete operation. Or, if iIdxNoSeek is not
**   a valid cursor number, the position of iDataCur should be preserved
**   instead.
**
** iIdxNoSeek:
................................................................................
  Trigger *pTrigger, /* List of triggers to (potentially) fire */
  int iDataCur,      /* Cursor from which column data is extracted */
  int iIdxCur,       /* First index cursor */
  int iPk,           /* First memory cell containing the PRIMARY KEY */
  i16 nPk,           /* Number of PRIMARY KEY memory cells */
  u8 count,          /* If non-zero, increment the row change counter */
  u8 onconf,         /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for triggers */
  u8 eMode,          /* See explanation above */
  int iIdxNoSeek     /* Cursor number of cursor that does not need seeking */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;        /* Vdbe */
  int iOld = 0;                   /* First register in OLD.* array */
  int iLabel;                     /* Label resolved to end of generated code */
  u8 opSeek;                      /* Seek opcode */

................................................................................
                         iDataCur, iIdxCur, iPk, (int)nPk));

  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  opSeek = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;
  if( eMode==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotExists);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotFound);
  }
 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    if( count ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pTab->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, eMode==2);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld, 0, 0);








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  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
  int eOnePass;          /* ONEPASS_OFF or _SINGLE or _MULTI */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */
  u8 *aToOpen = 0;       /* Open cursor iTabCur+j if aToOpen[j] is true */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index on the table */
  int iPk = 0;           /* First of nPk registers holding PRIMARY KEY value */
  i16 nPk = 1;           /* Number of columns in the PRIMARY KEY */
  int iKey;              /* Memory cell holding key of row to be deleted */
  i16 nKey;              /* Number of memory cells in the row key */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    }
  
    /* Construct a query to find the rowid or primary key for every row
    ** to be deleted, based on the WHERE clause. Set variable eOnePass
    ** to indicate the strategy used to implement this delete:
    **
    **  ONEPASS_OFF:    Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **  ONEPASS_SINGLE: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
................................................................................
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
      if( iKey>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = iKey;
    }
  
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      /* For ONEPASS, no need to store the rowid/primary-key. There is only
      ** one, so just keep it in its register(s) and fall through to the
      ** delete code.  */
      nKey = nPk; /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      aToOpen = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nIdx+2);
      if( aToOpen==0 ){
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
................................................................................
        nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
      }
    }
  
    /* If this DELETE cannot use the ONEPASS strategy, this is the 
    ** end of the WHERE loop */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      addrBypass = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }else{
      sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    }
  
    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
    */
    if( !isView ){
      int iAddrOnce = 0;
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ){
        iAddrOnce = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      testcase( IsVirtual(pTab) );
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, iTabCur, aToOpen,
                                 &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iDataCur==iTabCur );
      assert( pPk || IsVirtual(pTab) || iIdxCur==iDataCur+1 );
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddrOnce);
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
................................................................................
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
      }
      sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          iKey, nKey, count, OE_Default, eOnePass, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
  
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
      sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrLoop);
................................................................................
**
**   3.  The primary key for the row to be deleted must be stored in a
**       sequence of nPk memory cells starting at iPk.  If nPk==0 that means
**       that a search record formed from OP_MakeRecord is contained in the
**       single memory location iPk.
**
** eMode:
**   Parameter eMode may be passed either ONEPASS_OFF (0), ONEPASS_SINGLE, or
**   ONEPASS_MULTI.  If eMode is not ONEPASS_OFF, then the cursor
**   iDataCur already points to the row to delete. If eMode is ONEPASS_OFF
**   then this function must seek iDataCur to the entry identified by iPk
**   and nPk before reading from it.
**
**   If eMode is ONEPASS_MULTI, then this call is being made as part
**   of a ONEPASS delete that affects multiple rows. In this case, if 
**   iIdxNoSeek is a valid cursor number (>=0), then its position should
**   be preserved following the delete operation. Or, if iIdxNoSeek is not
**   a valid cursor number, the position of iDataCur should be preserved
**   instead.
**
** iIdxNoSeek:
................................................................................
  Trigger *pTrigger, /* List of triggers to (potentially) fire */
  int iDataCur,      /* Cursor from which column data is extracted */
  int iIdxCur,       /* First index cursor */
  int iPk,           /* First memory cell containing the PRIMARY KEY */
  i16 nPk,           /* Number of PRIMARY KEY memory cells */
  u8 count,          /* If non-zero, increment the row change counter */
  u8 onconf,         /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for triggers */
  u8 eMode,          /* ONEPASS_OFF, _SINGLE, or _MULTI.  See above */
  int iIdxNoSeek     /* Cursor number of cursor that does not need seeking */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;        /* Vdbe */
  int iOld = 0;                   /* First register in OLD.* array */
  int iLabel;                     /* Label resolved to end of generated code */
  u8 opSeek;                      /* Seek opcode */

................................................................................
                         iDataCur, iIdxCur, iPk, (int)nPk));

  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  opSeek = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;
  if( eMode==ONEPASS_OFF ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotExists);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotFound);
  }
 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    if( count ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pTab->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, eMode==ONEPASS_MULTI);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld, 0, 0);

Changes to src/insert.c.

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        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                   regNewData, 1, 0, OE_Replace, 1, -1);

        }else if( pTab->pIndex ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0, -1);
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace, pIdx==pPk, -1);

        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);







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        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                   regNewData, 1, 0, OE_Replace,
                                   ONEPASS_SINGLE, -1);
        }else if( pTab->pIndex ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0, -1);
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace,
            (pIdx==pPk ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_OFF), -1);
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);



void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*);







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u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);
#define ONEPASS_OFF      0        /* Use of ONEPASS not allowed */
#define ONEPASS_SINGLE   1        /* ONEPASS valid for a single row update */
#define ONEPASS_MULTI    2        /* ONEPASS is valid for multiple rows */
void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*);

Changes to src/where.c.

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** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.


**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
  pDest->n = pSrc->n;
................................................................................
  pWInfo->pParse = pParse;
  pWInfo->pTabList = pTabList;
  pWInfo->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pWInfo->pResultSet = pResultSet;
  pWInfo->iBreak = pWInfo->iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  pWInfo->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
  pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;

  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  sWLB.pWInfo = pWInfo;
  sWLB.pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  sWLB.pNew = (WhereLoop*)(((char*)pWInfo)+nByteWInfo);
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(sWLB.pNew) );
  whereLoopInit(sWLB.pNew);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 ){
    int wsFlags = pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags;
    int bOnerow = (wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0;
    if( bOnerow || ( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_MULTIROW)
       && 0==(wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)
    )){
      pWInfo->okOnePass = bOnerow ? 1 : 2;
      if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
        pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
................................................................................
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* noop */
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0 ){
      int op = OP_OpenRead;
      if( pWInfo->okOnePass ){
        op = OP_OpenWrite;
        pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[0] = pTabItem->iCursor;
      };
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);
      assert( pTabItem->iCursor==pLevel->iTabCur );
      testcase( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol<BMS && HasRowid(pTab) ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }
................................................................................
      if( !HasRowid(pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIx)
       && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0
      ){
        /* This is one term of an OR-optimization using the PRIMARY KEY of a
        ** WITHOUT ROWID table.  No need for a separate index */
        iIndexCur = pLevel->iTabCur;
        op = 0;
      }else if( pWInfo->okOnePass ){
        Index *pJ = pTabItem->pTab->pIndex;
        iIndexCur = iIdxCur;
        assert( wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED );
        while( ALWAYS(pJ) && pJ!=pIx ){
          iIndexCur++;
          pJ = pJ->pNext;
        }
................................................................................
    ** created for the ONEPASS optimization.
    */
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLoop->wsFlags;
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }
      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (ws & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX))==0 
       && pLevel->iIdxCur!=pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[1]
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);







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** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return ONEPASS_OFF (0) if an UPDATE or DELETE statement is unable to
** operate directly on the rowis returned by a WHERE clause.  Return
** ONEPASS_SINGLE (1) if the statement can operation directly because only
** a single row is to be changed.  Return ONEPASS_MULTI (2) if the one-pass
** optimization can be used on multiple 
**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->eOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
  pDest->n = pSrc->n;
................................................................................
  pWInfo->pParse = pParse;
  pWInfo->pTabList = pTabList;
  pWInfo->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pWInfo->pResultSet = pResultSet;
  pWInfo->iBreak = pWInfo->iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  pWInfo->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
  pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
  assert( pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF );  /* ONEPASS defaults to OFF */
  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  sWLB.pWInfo = pWInfo;
  sWLB.pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  sWLB.pNew = (WhereLoop*)(((char*)pWInfo)+nByteWInfo);
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(sWLB.pNew) );
  whereLoopInit(sWLB.pNew);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 ){
    int wsFlags = pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags;
    int bOnerow = (wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0;
    if( bOnerow || ( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_MULTIROW)
       && 0==(wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)
    )){
      pWInfo->eOnePass = bOnerow ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_MULTI;
      if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
        pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
................................................................................
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* noop */
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0 ){
      int op = OP_OpenRead;
      if( pWInfo->eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
        op = OP_OpenWrite;
        pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[0] = pTabItem->iCursor;
      };
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);
      assert( pTabItem->iCursor==pLevel->iTabCur );
      testcase( pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF && pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF && pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF && pTab->nCol<BMS && HasRowid(pTab) ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }
................................................................................
      if( !HasRowid(pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIx)
       && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0
      ){
        /* This is one term of an OR-optimization using the PRIMARY KEY of a
        ** WITHOUT ROWID table.  No need for a separate index */
        iIndexCur = pLevel->iTabCur;
        op = 0;
      }else if( pWInfo->eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
        Index *pJ = pTabItem->pTab->pIndex;
        iIndexCur = iIdxCur;
        assert( wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED );
        while( ALWAYS(pJ) && pJ!=pIx ){
          iIndexCur++;
          pJ = pJ->pNext;
        }
................................................................................
    ** created for the ONEPASS optimization.
    */
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLoop->wsFlags;
      if( pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }
      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (ws & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX))==0 
       && pLevel->iIdxCur!=pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[1]
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);

Changes to src/whereInt.h.

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  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  i8 nOBSat;                /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  u8 sorted;                /* True if really sorted (not just grouped) */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */







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  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  i8 nOBSat;                /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  u8 sorted;                /* True if really sorted (not just grouped) */
  u8 eOnePass;              /* ONEPASS_OFF, or _SINGLE, or _MULTI */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

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    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      if( pWInfo->okOnePass ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, iRowidReg);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
      }
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);







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    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      if( pWInfo->eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, iRowidReg);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
      }
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);