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Overview
Comment:Merge all enhancements and fixes from the 3.21.0 release.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | apple-osx
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256:13be3a441dc8d856a9d372aaf695fe346727cfcaa0ed763a7b8537a5ffbb5a80
User & Date: drh 2017-10-24 19:12:33
Context
2017-11-14
20:00
Merge all changes from trunk prior to the read-only WAL enhancement. check-in: 1754faef user: drh tags: apple-osx
2017-10-24
19:12
Merge all enhancements and fixes from the 3.21.0 release. check-in: 13be3a44 user: drh tags: apple-osx
18:55
Version 3.21.0 Leaf check-in: 1a584e49 user: drh tags: release, branch-3.21, version-3.21.0
2017-09-09
06:10
Merge trunk enhancements check-in: 6a0b9d9d user: drh tags: apple-osx
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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USE_AMALGAMATION = @USE_AMALGAMATION@

# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo date.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \

         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo \
         fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
	 fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  config.h \

  sqlite3.h

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/test1.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c       \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_test.c  \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/bitvec.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................
# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_OPT = 

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
................................................................................

libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
                -rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)/sqlite3" \
		-version-info "8:6:8"

sqlite3$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(SHELL_OPT) -o $@ \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c sqlite3.c \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

dbhash$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)/src/ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)/src/date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/date.c




dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)/src/delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/expr.c $(HDR)
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DTCLSH=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-stubs.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3$(TEXE):	tclsqlite-shell.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ tclsqlite-shell.lo \
		 libsqlite3.la $(LIBTCL)
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid$(BEXE) $(TOP)/VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) >keywordhash.h














# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.la.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1

TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE 
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DBUILD_sqlite
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.la
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = sqlite3.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC += $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC$(USE_AMALGAMATION))

testfixture$(TEXE):	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC)
................................................................................
# A very fast test that checks basic sanity.  The name comes from
# the 60s-era electronics testing:  "Turn it on and see if smoke
# comes out."
#
smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzzcheck$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl
	echo "#define TCLSH 2" > $@
	echo "#define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1" >> $@
	cat sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >> $@
	echo "static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){" >> $@
	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/tostr.tcl $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

dbdump$(TEXE): $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o $@ \
           $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)







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USE_AMALGAMATION = @USE_AMALGAMATION@

# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo \
         date.lo dbpage.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \
         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo \
         fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
	 fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  config.h \
  shell.c \
  sqlite3.h

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/src/test1.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test2.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c       \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_test.c  \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/bitvec.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................
# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
# SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)/test/fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)/test/ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_OPT = 

# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
................................................................................

libtclsqlite3.la:	tclsqlite.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -no-undefined -o $@ tclsqlite.lo \
		libsqlite3.la @TCL_STUB_LIB_SPEC@ $(TLIBS) \
                -rpath "$(TCLLIBDIR)/sqlite3" \
		-version-info "8:6:8"

sqlite3$(TEXE):	shell.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(SHELL_OPT) -o $@ \
		shell.c sqlite3.c \
		$(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) -rpath "$(libdir)"

sqldiff$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

dbhash$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo sqlite3.h
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)/src/ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)/src/date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/date.c

dbpage.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbpage.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c

dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)/src/dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)/src/delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/expr.c $(HDR)
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DTCLSH -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-stubs.lo:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -o $@ -c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3$(TEXE):	tclsqlite-shell.lo libsqlite3.la
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ tclsqlite-shell.lo \
		 libsqlite3.la $(LIBTCL)
................................................................................

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid$(BEXE) $(TOP)/VERSION
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash$(BEXE) >keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/shathree.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl >shell.c




# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.la.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE 
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DBUILD_sqlite
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.la
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = sqlite3.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
TESTFIXTURE_SRC += $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC$(USE_AMALGAMATION))

testfixture$(TEXE):	$(TESTFIXTURE_SRC)
................................................................................
# A very fast test that checks basic sanity.  The name comes from
# the 60s-era electronics testing:  "Turn it on and see if smoke
# comes out."
#
smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzzcheck$(TEXE)
	./testfixture$(TEXE) $(TOP)/test/main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in >sqlite3_analyzer.c







sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

dbdump$(TEXE): $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o $@ \
           $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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###############################################################################

# <<mark>>
# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = vdbe.lo parse.lo alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo date.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \

         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
         fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
         icu.lo insert.lo legacy.lo loadext.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\btmutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\build.c \
  $(TOP)\src\callback.c \
  $(TOP)\src\complete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\ctime.c \
  $(TOP)\src\date.c \

  $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)\src\delete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\expr.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fault.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fkey.c \
  $(TOP)\src\func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c \
  $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

# Shell source code files.
#
SRC02 = \
  $(TOP)\src\shell.c

# Core miscellaneous files.
#
SRC03 = \
  $(TOP)\src\parse.y

# Core header files, part 1.
#
................................................................................

# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \

  $(SQLITE3H)

# Generated Tcl header files
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SRC12 = \
  $(SQLITETCLH) \
................................................................................
  $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
!ELSE
SRC12 =
!ENDIF

# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC02) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)\src\test1.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test2.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test3.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)\src\test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_server.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)\src\test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_wsd.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_test.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \

  $(TOP)\ext\misc\nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\percentile.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\regexp.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\remember.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\series.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\totype.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata5.db
# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

# SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
OSSSHELL_SRC = $(TOP)\test\ossshell.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
KV_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
DBSELFTEST_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
................................................................................
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	$(TOP)\src\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\src\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<mark>>
sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

dbhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\dbhash.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
................................................................................
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC02)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)\src\ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\date.c




dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)\src\delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\expr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\expr.c
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
opcodes.c:	opcodes.h $(TOP)\tool\mkopcodec.tcl
................................................................................
mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h












# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c

................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.lib.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH=1 -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) $(TEST_CCONV_OPTS)

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	echo #define TCLSH 2 > $@
	echo #define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1 >> $@
	copy $@ + $(SQLITE3C) + $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $@
	echo static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){ >> $@
	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\tostr.tcl $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

dbdump.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE $(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) \







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###############################################################################

# <<mark>>
# Object files for the SQLite library (non-amalgamation).
#
LIBOBJS0 = vdbe.lo parse.lo alter.lo analyze.lo attach.lo auth.lo \
         backup.lo bitvec.lo btmutex.lo btree.lo build.lo \
         callback.lo complete.lo ctime.lo \
         date.lo dbpage.lo dbstat.lo delete.lo \
         expr.lo fault.lo fkey.lo \
         fts3.lo fts3_aux.lo fts3_expr.lo fts3_hash.lo fts3_icu.lo \
         fts3_porter.lo fts3_snippet.lo fts3_tokenizer.lo fts3_tokenizer1.lo \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.lo fts3_unicode.lo fts3_unicode2.lo fts3_write.lo \
         fts5.lo \
         func.lo global.lo hash.lo \
         icu.lo insert.lo legacy.lo loadext.lo \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\btmutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\btree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\build.c \
  $(TOP)\src\callback.c \
  $(TOP)\src\complete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\ctime.c \
  $(TOP)\src\date.c \
  $(TOP)\src\dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)\src\delete.c \
  $(TOP)\src\expr.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fault.c \
  $(TOP)\src\fkey.c \
  $(TOP)\src\func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wherecode.c \
  $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c






# Core miscellaneous files.
#
SRC03 = \
  $(TOP)\src\parse.y

# Core header files, part 1.
#
................................................................................

# Generated header files
#
SRC11 = \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.h \
  shell.c \
  $(SQLITE3H)

# Generated Tcl header files
#
!IF $(USE_STDCALL)!=0 || $(FOR_WIN10)!=0
SRC12 = \
  $(SQLITETCLH) \
................................................................................
  $(SQLITETCLDECLSH)
!ELSE
SRC12 =
!ENDIF

# All source code files.
#
SRC = $(SRC00) $(SRC01) $(SRC03) $(SRC04) $(SRC05) $(SRC06) $(SRC07) $(SRC08) $(SRC09) $(SRC10) $(SRC11)

# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)\src\test1.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test2.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test3.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_func.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_init.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_server.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)\src\test_wsd.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_term.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts3\fts3_test.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\mmapwarm.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\percentile.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\regexp.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\remember.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\series.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\totype.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\test\fuzzdata5.db
# <</mark>>

# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
# SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
!ENDIF

# <<mark>>
# Extra compiler options for various test tools.
#
MPTESTER_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
FUZZERSHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 -DSQLITE_OSS_FUZZ -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
FUZZCHECK_SRC = $(TOP)\test\fuzzcheck.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
OSSSHELL_SRC = $(TOP)\test\ossshell.c $(TOP)\test\ossfuzz.c
DBFUZZ_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
KV_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
DBSELFTEST_COMPILE_OPTS = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
................................................................................
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<mark>>
sqldiff.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) $(TOP)\tool\sqldiff.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

dbhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\dbhash.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
................................................................................
# all that automatic generation.
#
.target_source:	$(SRC) $(TOP)\tool\vdbe-compress.tcl fts5.c $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	-rmdir /Q/S tsrc 2>NUL
	-mkdir tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC00)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC01)) do copy /Y %i tsrc

	for %i in ($(SRC03)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC04)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC05)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC06)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC07)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC08)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
	for %i in ($(SRC09)) do copy /Y %i tsrc
................................................................................

ctime.lo:	$(TOP)\src\ctime.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\ctime.c

date.lo:	$(TOP)\src\date.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\date.c

dbpage.lo:	$(TOP)\src\dbpage.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbpage.c

dbstat.lo:	$(TOP)\src\dbstat.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\dbstat.c

delete.lo:	$(TOP)\src\delete.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\delete.c

expr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\expr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\expr.c
................................................................................
whereexpr.lo:	$(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\whereexpr.c

tclsqlite.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DUSE_TCL_STUBS=1 -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite-shell.lo:	$(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(HDR) $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(NO_WARN) -DTCLSH -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) -c $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c

tclsqlite3.exe:	tclsqlite-shell.lo $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /OUT:$@ tclsqlite-shell.lo $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# Rules to build opcodes.c and opcodes.h
#
opcodes.c:	opcodes.h $(TOP)\tool\mkopcodec.tcl
................................................................................
mkkeywordhash.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) $(NO_WARN) -Fe$@ $(REQ_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(EXT_FEATURE_FLAGS) $(OPTS) \
		$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(NLTLINKOPTS) $(NLTLIBPATHS)

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)\tool\mkkeywordhash.c mkkeywordhash.exe
	.\mkkeywordhash.exe > keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)\src\shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\shathree.c \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
	$(TOP)\ext\misc\completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)\tool\mkshellc.tcl
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mkshellc.tcl > shell.c


# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.lo:	$(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)\ext\icu\icu.c

................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
# If using the amalgamation, use sqlite3.c directly to build the test
# fixture.  Otherwise link against libsqlite3.lib.  (This distinction is
# necessary because the test fixture requires non-API symbols which are
# hidden when the library is built via the amalgamation).
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE=""
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_CORE $(NO_WARN)
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS = $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS) $(TEST_CCONV_OPTS)

TESTFIXTURE_SRC0 = $(TESTEXT) $(TESTSRC2)
TESTFIXTURE_SRC1 = $(TESTEXT) $(SQLITE3C)
!IF $(USE_AMALGAMATION)==0
TESTFIXTURE_SRC = $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TESTFIXTURE_SRC0)
!ELSE
................................................................................
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\veryquick.test $(TESTOPTS)

smoketest:	$(TESTPROGS)
	@set PATH=$(LIBTCLPATH);$(PATH)
	.\testfixture.exe $(TOP)\test\main.test $(TESTOPTS)

sqlite3_analyzer.c:	$(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H) $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)\tool\mkccode.tcl $(TOP)\tool\sqlite3_analyzer.c.in $(SQLITE_TCL_DEP)
	$(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\mkccode.tcl $(TOP)\tool\sqlite3_analyzer.c.in > $@







sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DBUILD_sqlite -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

dbdump.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE $(TOP)\ext\misc\dbdump.c $(SQLITE3C) \

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.am.

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libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h
EXTRA_sqlite3_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
sqlite3_LDADD = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@ @READLINE_LIBS@
sqlite3_DEPENDENCIES = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@
sqlite3_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS

include_HEADERS = sqlite3.h sqlite3ext.h

EXTRA_DIST = sqlite3.1 tea Makefile.msc sqlite3.rc README.txt Replace.cs
pkgconfigdir = ${libdir}/pkgconfig
pkgconfig_DATA = sqlite3.pc

man_MANS = sqlite3.1







|








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libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h
EXTRA_sqlite3_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
sqlite3_LDADD = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@ @READLINE_LIBS@
sqlite3_DEPENDENCIES = @EXTRA_SHELL_OBJ@
sqlite3_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB

include_HEADERS = sqlite3.h sqlite3ext.h

EXTRA_DIST = sqlite3.1 tea Makefile.msc sqlite3.rc README.txt Replace.cs
pkgconfigdir = ${libdir}/pkgconfig
pkgconfig_DATA = sqlite3.pc

man_MANS = sqlite3.1

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.msc.

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!ENDIF


# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_SHELL_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB

!ENDIF


# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	dll shell
................................................................................

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	$(TOP)\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) $(TOP)\shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


# Rule to build the amalgamation
#
sqlite3.lo:	$(SQLITE3C)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(SQLITE3C)







|
>







 







|
|







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!ENDIF


# Additional compiler options for the shell.  These are only effective
# when the shell is not being dynamically linked.
#
!IF $(DYNAMIC_SHELL)==0 && $(FOR_WIN10)==0
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS = $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
!ENDIF


# This is the default Makefile target.  The objects listed here
# are what get build when you type just "make" with no arguments.
#
all:	dll shell
................................................................................

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


# Rule to build the amalgamation
#
sqlite3.lo:	$(SQLITE3C)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(SQLITE3C)

Changes to configure.

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USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
#
for ac_prog in tclsh8.6 tclsh8.5 tclsh
do
  # Extract the first word of "$ac_prog", so it can be a program name with args.
set dummy $ac_prog; ac_word=$2
{ $as_echo "$as_me:${as_lineno-$LINENO}: checking for $ac_word" >&5
$as_echo_n "checking for $ac_word... " >&6; }
if ${ac_cv_prog_TCLSH_CMD+:} false; then :
  $as_echo_n "(cached) " >&6







|







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USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
#
for ac_prog in tclsh8.7 tclsh8.6 tclsh8.5 tclsh
do
  # Extract the first word of "$ac_prog", so it can be a program name with args.
set dummy $ac_prog; ac_word=$2
{ $as_echo "$as_me:${as_lineno-$LINENO}: checking for $ac_word" >&5
$as_echo_n "checking for $ac_word... " >&6; }
if ${ac_cv_prog_TCLSH_CMD+:} false; then :
  $as_echo_n "(cached) " >&6

Changes to configure.ac.

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USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
# 
AC_CHECK_PROGS(TCLSH_CMD, [tclsh8.6 tclsh8.5 tclsh], none)
if test "$TCLSH_CMD" = "none"; then
  # If we can't find a local tclsh, then building the amalgamation will fail.
  # We act as though --disable-amalgamation has been used.
  echo "Warning: can't find tclsh - defaulting to non-amalgamation build."
  USE_AMALGAMATION=0
  TCLSH_CMD="tclsh"
fi







|







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#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
# 
AC_CHECK_PROGS(TCLSH_CMD, [tclsh8.7 tclsh8.6 tclsh8.5 tclsh], none)
if test "$TCLSH_CMD" = "none"; then
  # If we can't find a local tclsh, then building the amalgamation will fail.
  # We act as though --disable-amalgamation has been used.
  echo "Warning: can't find tclsh - defaulting to non-amalgamation build."
  USE_AMALGAMATION=0
  TCLSH_CMD="tclsh"
fi

Changes to doc/lemon.html.

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<html>
<head>
<title>The Lemon Parser Generator</title>
</head>
<body bgcolor=white>
<h1 align=center>The Lemon Parser Generator</h1>

<p>Lemon is an LALR(1) parser generator for C.
It does the same job as "bison" and "yacc".
But lemon is not a bison or yacc clone.  Lemon
uses a different grammar syntax which is designed to
reduce the number of coding errors.  Lemon also uses a
parsing engine that is faster than yacc and
bison and which is both reentrant and threadsafe.
(Update: Since the previous sentence was written, bison
has also been updated so that it too can generate a
reentrant and threadsafe parser.)
Lemon also implements features that can be used
to eliminate resource leaks, making is suitable for use
in long-running programs such as graphical user interfaces
or embedded controllers.</p>

<p>This document is an introduction to the Lemon
parser generator.</p>

<h2>Security Note</h2>
................................................................................
<li>A parser template file.
</ul>
Typically, only the grammar specification is supplied by the programmer.
Lemon comes with a default parser template which works fine for most
applications.  But the user is free to substitute a different parser
template if desired.</p>

<p>Depending on command-line options, Lemon will generate between
one and three files of outputs.
<ul>
<li>C code to implement the parser.
<li>A header file defining an integer ID for each terminal symbol.
<li>An information file that describes the states of the generated parser
    automaton.
</ul>
By default, all three of these output files are generated.
................................................................................

<h3>Command Line Options</h3>

<p>The behavior of Lemon can be modified using command-line options.
You can obtain a list of the available command-line options together
with a brief explanation of what each does by typing
<pre>
   lemon -?
</pre>
As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><b>-b</b>
Show only the basis for each parser state in the report file.
<li><b>-c</b>
Do not compress the generated action tables.

<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is useable by


"%ifdef" lines in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
output with all comments, actions, and other extraneous text removed.
<li><b>-l</b>
Omit "#line" directives in the generated parser C code.
<li><b>-m</b>
Cause the output C source code to be compatible with the "makeheaders"
program. 
<li><b>-p</b>
Display all conflicts that are resolved by 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>.
<li><b>-q</b>
Suppress generation of the report file.
<li><b>-r</b>
Do not sort or renumber the parser states as part of optimization.
<li><b>-s</b>
Show parser statistics before existing.
................................................................................
be parsed.  This is accomplished by calling the following function
once for each token:
<pre>
   Parse(pParser, hTokenID, sTokenData, pArg);
</pre>
The first argument to the Parse() routine is the pointer returned by
ParseAlloc().
The second argument is a small positive integer that tells the parse the
type of the next token in the data stream.
There is one token type for each terminal symbol in the grammar.
The gram.h file generated by Lemon contains #define statements that
map symbolic terminal symbol names into appropriate integer values.
A value of 0 for the second argument is a special flag to the
parser to indicate that the end of input has been reached.
The third argument is the value of the given token.  By default,
the type of the third argument is integer, but the grammar will
usually redefine this type to be some kind of structure.
Typically the second argument will be a broad category of tokens
such as "identifier" or "number" and the third argument will
be the name of the identifier or the value of the number.</p>

<p>The Parse() function may have either three or four arguments,
depending on the grammar.  If the grammar specification file requests
it (via the <a href='#extraarg'><tt>extra_argument</tt> directive</a>),
the Parse() function will have a fourth parameter that can be
of any type chosen by the programmer.  The parser doesn't do anything
with this argument except to pass it through to action routines.
This is a convenient mechanism for passing state information down
to the action routines without having to use global variables.</p>

<p>A typical use of a Lemon parser might look something like the
following:
<pre>
   01 ParseTree *ParseFile(const char *zFilename){
   02    Tokenizer *pTokenizer;
   03    void *pParser;
   04    Token sToken;
   05    int hTokenId;
   06    ParserState sState;
   07

   08    pTokenizer = TokenizerCreate(zFilename);
   09    pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
   10    InitParserState(&sState);
   11    while( GetNextToken(pTokenizer, &hTokenId, &sToken) ){
   12       Parse(pParser, hTokenId, sToken, &sState);
   13    }
   14    Parse(pParser, 0, sToken, &sState);
   15    ParseFree(pParser, free );
   16    TokenizerFree(pTokenizer);
   17    return sState.treeRoot;
   18 }
</pre>
This example shows a user-written routine that parses a file of
text and returns a pointer to the parse tree.
(All error-handling code is omitted from this example to keep it
simple.)
We assume the existence of some kind of tokenizer which is created
using TokenizerCreate() on line 8 and deleted by TokenizerFree()
on line 16.  The GetNextToken() function on line 11 retrieves the
next token from the input file and puts its type in the 
integer variable hTokenId.  The sToken variable is assumed to be
some kind of structure that contains details about each token,
such as its complete text, what line it occurs on, etc. </p>

<p>This example also assumes the existence of structure of type
ParserState that holds state information about a particular parse.
An instance of such a structure is created on line 6 and initialized
on line 10.  A pointer to this structure is passed into the Parse()
routine as the optional 4th argument.
The action routine specified by the grammar for the parser can use
................................................................................
the ParserState structure is left pointing to the root of the parse
tree.</p>

<p>The core of this example as it relates to Lemon is as follows:
<pre>
   ParseFile(){
      pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
      while( GetNextToken(pTokenizer,&hTokenId, &sToken) ){
         Parse(pParser, hTokenId, sToken);
      }
      Parse(pParser, 0, sToken);
      ParseFree(pParser, free );
   }
</pre>
Basically, what a program has to do to use a Lemon-generated parser
................................................................................

<p>The main purpose of the grammar specification file for Lemon is
to define the grammar for the parser.  But the input file also
specifies additional information Lemon requires to do its job.
Most of the work in using Lemon is in writing an appropriate
grammar file.</p>

<p>The grammar file for lemon is, for the most part, free format.
It does not have sections or divisions like yacc or bison.  Any
declaration can occur at any point in the file.
Lemon ignores whitespace (except where it is needed to separate
tokens) and it honors the same commenting conventions as C and C++.</p>

<h3>Terminals and Nonterminals</h3>

<p>A terminal symbol (token) is any string of alphanumeric
and/or underscore characters
that begins with an upper case letter.
A terminal can contain lowercase letters after the first character,
but the usual convention is to make terminals all upper case.
A nonterminal, on the other hand, is any string of alphanumeric
and underscore characters than begins with a lower case letter.
Again, the usual convention is to make nonterminals use all lower
case letters.</p>

<p>In Lemon, terminal and nonterminal symbols do not need to 
be declared or identified in a separate section of the grammar file.
Lemon is able to generate a list of all terminals and nonterminals
by examining the grammar rules, and it can always distinguish a
terminal from a nonterminal by checking the case of the first
character of the name.</p>

<p>Yacc and bison allow terminal symbols to have either alphanumeric
................................................................................
Each grammar rule consists of a nonterminal symbol followed by
the special symbol "::=" and then a list of terminals and/or nonterminals.
The rule is terminated by a period.
The list of terminals and nonterminals on the right-hand side of the
rule can be empty.
Rules can occur in any order, except that the left-hand side of the
first rule is assumed to be the start symbol for the grammar (unless

specified otherwise using the <tt>%start</tt> directive described below.)
A typical sequence of grammar rules might look something like this:
<pre>
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.
  expr ::= expr TIMES expr.
  expr ::= LPAREN expr RPAREN.
  expr ::= VALUE.
</pre>
................................................................................
rule and say "$7" when you really mean "$8".</p>

<p>Lemon avoids the need to count grammar symbols by assigning symbolic
names to each symbol in a grammar rule and then using those symbolic
names in the action.
In yacc or bison, one would write this:
<pre>
  expr -> expr PLUS expr  { $$ = $1 + $3; };
</pre>
But in Lemon, the same rule becomes the following:
<pre>
  expr(A) ::= expr(B) PLUS expr(C).  { A = B+C; }
</pre>
In the Lemon rule, any symbol in parentheses after a grammar rule
symbol becomes a place holder for that symbol in the grammar rule.
................................................................................

<p>Lemon resolves parsing ambiguities in exactly the same way as
yacc and bison.  A shift-reduce conflict is resolved in favor
of the shift, and a reduce-reduce conflict is resolved by reducing
whichever rule comes first in the grammar file.</p>

<p>Just like in
yacc and bison, Lemon allows a measure of control 
over the resolution of paring conflicts using precedence rules.
A precedence value can be assigned to any terminal symbol
using the 
<a href='#pleft'>%left</a>,
<a href='#pright'>%right</a> or
<a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a> directives.  Terminal symbols
mentioned in earlier directives have a lower precedence that
terminal symbols mentioned in later directives.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
   %left PLUS MINUS.
................................................................................
<ul>
<li> If either the token to be shifted or the rule to be reduced
     lacks precedence information, then resolve in favor of the
     shift, but report a parsing conflict.
<li> If the precedence of the token to be shifted is greater than
     the precedence of the rule to reduce, then resolve in favor
     of the shift.  No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedence of the token it be shifted is less than the
     precedence of the rule to reduce, then resolve in favor of the
     reduce action.  No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedences are the same and the shift token is
     right-associative, then resolve in favor of the shift.
     No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedences are the same the shift token is
     left-associative, then resolve in favor of the reduce.
     No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> Otherwise, resolve the conflict by doing the shift and
     report the parsing conflict.
</ul>
Reduce-reduce conflicts are resolved this way:
<ul>
<li> If either reduce rule 
     lacks precedence information, then resolve in favor of the
     rule that appears first in the grammar and report a parsing
     conflict.
<li> If both rules have precedence and the precedence is different
     then resolve the dispute in favor of the rule with the highest
     precedence and do not report a conflict.
<li> Otherwise, resolve the conflict by reducing by the rule that
     appears first in the grammar and report a parsing conflict.
</ul>

<h3>Special Directives</h3>

<p>The input grammar to Lemon consists of grammar rules and special
directives.  We've described all the grammar rules, so now we'll
talk about the special directives.</p>

<p>Directives in lemon can occur in any order.  You can put them before
the grammar rules, or after the grammar rules, or in the mist of the
grammar rules.  It doesn't matter.  The relative order of
directives used to assign precedence to terminals is important, but
other than that, the order of directives in Lemon is arbitrary.</p>

<p>Lemon supports the following special directives:
<ul>
<li><tt>%code</tt>
<li><tt>%default_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%default_type</tt>
<li><tt>%destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%endif</tt>
<li><tt>%extra_argument</tt>
<li><tt>%fallback</tt>
<li><tt>%ifdef</tt>
<li><tt>%ifndef</tt>
<li><tt>%include</tt>
<li><tt>%left</tt>
<li><tt>%name</tt>
<li><tt>%nonassoc</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_accept</tt>
<li><tt>%parse_failure </tt>
<li><tt>%right</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_overflow</tt>
<li><tt>%stack_size</tt>
<li><tt>%start_symbol</tt>
<li><tt>%syntax_error</tt>
<li><tt>%token_class</tt>
<li><tt>%token_destructor</tt>
<li><tt>%token_prefix</tt>
<li><tt>%token_type</tt>
<li><tt>%type</tt>
<li><tt>%wildcard</tt>
</ul>
Each of these directives will be described separately in the
following sections:</p>

<a name='pcode'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%code</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %code directive is used to specify addition C code that
is added to the end of the main output file.  This is similar to
the <a href='#pinclude'>%include</a> directive except that %include
is inserted at the beginning of the main output file.</p>

<p>%code is typically used to include some action routines or perhaps
a tokenizer or even the "main()" function 
as part of the output file.</p>

<a name='default_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_destructor directive specifies a destructor to 
use for non-terminals that do not have their own destructor
specified by a separate %destructor directive.  See the documentation
on the <a name='#destructor'>%destructor</a> directive below for
additional information.</p>

<p>In some grammers, many different non-terminal symbols have the
same datatype and hence the same destructor.  This directive is
a convenience way to specify the same destructor for all those
non-terminals using a single statement.</p>

<a name='default_type'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_type</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %default_type directive specifies the datatype of non-terminal
symbols that do no have their own datatype defined using a separate
<a href='#ptype'>%type</a> directive.  
</p>

<a name='destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive is used to specify a destructor for
a non-terminal symbol.
(See also the <a href='#token_destructor'>%token_destructor</a>
directive which is used to specify a destructor for terminal symbols.)</p>

<p>A non-terminal's destructor is called to dispose of the
non-terminal's value whenever the non-terminal is popped from
the stack.  This includes all of the following circumstances:
<ul>
<li> When a rule reduces and the value of a non-terminal on
................................................................................

<p>Consider an example:
<pre>
   %type nt {void*}
   %destructor nt { free($$); }
   nt(A) ::= ID NUM.   { A = malloc( 100 ); }
</pre>
This example is a bit contrived but it serves to illustrate how
destructors work.  The example shows a non-terminal named
"nt" that holds values of type "void*".  When the rule for
an "nt" reduces, it sets the value of the non-terminal to
space obtained from malloc().  Later, when the nt non-terminal
is popped from the stack, the destructor will fire and call
free() on this malloced space, thus avoiding a memory leak.
(Note that the symbol "$$" in the destructor code is replaced
................................................................................

<p>It is important to note that the value of a non-terminal is passed
to the destructor whenever the non-terminal is removed from the
stack, unless the non-terminal is used in a C-code action.  If
the non-terminal is used by C-code, then it is assumed that the
C-code will take care of destroying it.
More commonly, the value is used to build some
larger structure and we don't want to destroy it, which is why
the destructor is not called in this circumstance.</p>

<p>Destructors help avoid memory leaks by automatically freeing
allocated objects when they go out of scope.
To do the same using yacc or bison is much more difficult.</p>

<a name="extraarg"></a>
<h4>The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive</h4>

The %extra_argument directive instructs Lemon to add a 4th parameter
to the parameter list of the Parse() function it generates.  Lemon
doesn't do anything itself with this extra argument, but it does
make the argument available to C-code action routines, destructors,
and so forth.  For example, if the grammar file contains:</p>

<p><pre>
    %extra_argument { MyStruct *pAbc }
................................................................................
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

<a name='pfallback'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %fallback directive specifies an alternative meaning for one
or more tokens.  The alternative meaning is tried if the original token
would have generated a syntax error.

<p>The %fallback directive was added to support robust parsing of SQL
syntax in <a href="https://www.sqlite.org/">SQLite</a>.
The SQL language contains a large assortment of keywords, each of which
appears as a different token to the language parser.  SQL contains so
many keywords, that it can be difficult for programmers to keep up with
them all.  Programmers will, therefore, sometimes mistakenly use an
obscure language keyword for an identifier.  The %fallback directive
provides a mechanism to tell the parser:  "If you are unable to parse
this keyword, try treating it as an identifier instead."

<p>The syntax of %fallback is as follows:

<blockquote>
<tt>%fallback</tt>  <i>ID</i> <i>TOKEN...</i> <b>.</b>
</blockquote>

<p>In words, the %fallback directive is followed by a list of token names

terminated by a period.  The first token name is the fallback token - the
token to which all the other tokens fall back to.  The second and subsequent
arguments are tokens which fall back to the token identified by the first
argument.

<a name='pifdef'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%ifdef</tt>, <tt>%ifndef</tt>, and <tt>%endif</tt> directives.</h4>

<p>The %ifdef, %ifndef, and %endif directives are similar to

#ifdef, #ifndef, and #endif in the C-preprocessor, just not as general.

Each of these directives must begin at the left margin.  No whitespace
is allowed between the "%" and the directive name.

<p>Grammar text in between "%ifdef MACRO" and the next nested "%endif" is

ignored unless the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.  Grammar text
betwen "%ifndef MACRO" and the next nested "%endif" is included except when

the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.

<p>Note that the argument to %ifdef and %ifndef must be a single 
preprocessor symbol name, not a general expression.  There is no "%else"
directive.


<a name='pinclude'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%include</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %include directive specifies C code that is included at the
top of the generated parser.  You can include any text you want --
the Lemon parser generator copies it blindly.  If you have multiple
%include directives in your grammar file, their values are concatenated
so that all %include code ultimately appears near the top of the
generated parser, in the same order as it appeared in the grammer.</p>

<p>The %include directive is very handy for getting some extra #include
preprocessor statements at the beginning of the generated parser.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %include {#include &lt;unistd.h&gt;}
</pre></p>

<p>This might be needed, for example, if some of the C actions in the
grammar call functions that are prototyed in unistd.h.</p>

<a name='pleft'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%left</tt> directive</h4>

The %left directive is used (along with the <a href='#pright'>%right</a> and

<a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a> directives) to declare precedences of 

terminal symbols.  Every terminal symbol whose name appears after
a %left directive but before the next period (".") is
given the same left-associative precedence value.  Subsequent
%left directives have higher precedence.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
   %left PLUS MINUS.
   %left TIMES DIVIDE MOD.
   %right EXP NOT.
</pre></p>

<p>Note the period that terminates each %left, %right or %nonassoc

directive.</p>

<p>LALR(1) grammars can get into a situation where they require
a large amount of stack space if you make heavy use or right-associative
operators.  For this reason, it is recommended that you use %left
rather than %right whenever possible.</p>

<a name='pname'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%name</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the functions generated by Lemon all begin with the
five-character string "Parse".  You can change this string to something
different using the %name directive.  For instance:</p>

<p><pre>
   %name Abcde
</pre></p>

<p>Putting this directive in the grammar file will cause Lemon to generate
functions named
<ul>
<li> AbcdeAlloc(),
<li> AbcdeFree(),
<li> AbcdeTrace(), and
<li> Abcde().
</ul>
The %name directive allows you to generator two or more different
parsers and link them all into the same executable.
</p>

<a name='pnonassoc'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%nonassoc</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign non-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>

or on the <a href='#pleft'>%left</a> directive for additional information.</p>

<a name='parse_accept'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_accept</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_accept directive specifies a block of C code that is
executed whenever the parser accepts its input string.  To "accept"
an input string means that the parser was able to process all tokens
without error.</p>

<p>For example:</p>

<p><pre>
................................................................................
      printf("parsing complete!\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='parse_failure'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_failure</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %parse_failure directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed whenever the parser fails complete.  This code is not
executed until the parser has tried and failed to resolve an input
error using is usual error recovery strategy.  The routine is
only invoked when parsing is unable to continue.</p>

<p><pre>
   %parse_failure {
................................................................................
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='pright'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%right</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign right-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on 
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>
or on the <a href='#pleft'>%left</a> directive for additional information.</p>

<a name='stack_overflow'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_overflow</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %stack_overflow directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed if the parser's internal stack ever overflows.  Typically
this just prints an error message.  After a stack overflow, the parser
will be unable to continue and must be reset.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_overflow {
     fprintf(stderr,"Giving up.  Parser stack overflow\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<p>You can help prevent parser stack overflows by avoiding the use
of right recursion and right-precedence operators in your grammar.
Use left recursion and and left-precedence operators instead, to
encourage rules to reduce sooner and keep the stack size down.
For example, do rules like this:
<pre>
   list ::= list element.      // left-recursion.  Good!
   list ::= .
</pre>
Not like this:
<pre>
   list ::= element list.      // right-recursion.  Bad!
   list ::= .
</pre>

<a name='stack_size'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_size</tt> directive</h4>

<p>If stack overflow is a problem and you can't resolve the trouble
by using left-recursion, then you might want to increase the size
of the parser's stack using this directive.  Put an positive integer
after the %stack_size directive and Lemon will generate a parse
with a stack of the requested size.  The default value is 100.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_size 2000
</pre></p>

<a name='start_symbol'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%start_symbol</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the start-symbol for the grammar that Lemon generates
is the first non-terminal that appears in the grammar file.  But you
can choose a different start-symbol using the %start_symbol directive.</p>


<p><pre>
   %start_symbol  prog
</pre></p>












<a name='token_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %destructor directive assigns a destructor to a non-terminal
symbol.  (See the description of the %destructor directive above.)


This directive does the same thing for all terminal symbols.</p>

<p>Unlike non-terminal symbols which may each have a different data type
for their values, terminals all use the same data type (defined by

the %token_type directive) and so they use a common destructor.  Other
than that, the token destructor works just like the non-terminal
destructors.</p>

<a name='token_prefix'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_prefix</tt> directive</h4>

<p>Lemon generates #defines that assign small integer constants
to each terminal symbol in the grammar.  If desired, Lemon will
add a prefix specified by this directive
to each of the #defines it generates.

So if the default output of Lemon looked like this:
<pre>
    #define AND              1
    #define MINUS            2
    #define OR               3
    #define PLUS             4
</pre>
You can insert a statement into the grammar like this:
................................................................................
</pre>
to cause Lemon to produce these symbols instead:
<pre>
    #define TOKEN_AND        1
    #define TOKEN_MINUS      2
    #define TOKEN_OR         3
    #define TOKEN_PLUS       4
</pre>

<a name='token_type'></a><a name='ptype'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_type</tt> and <tt>%type</tt> directives</h4>

<p>These directives are used to specify the data types for values
on the parser's stack associated with terminal and non-terminal
symbols.  The values of all terminal symbols must be of the same
................................................................................
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is "void*".</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type  of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse-tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %type   expr  {Expr*}
</pre></p>

................................................................................
non-terminal whose data type requires 1K of storage, then your 100
entry parser stack will require 100K of heap space.  If you are willing
and able to pay that price, fine.  You just need to know.</p>

<a name='pwildcard'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%wildcard</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The %wildcard directive is followed by a single token name and a
period.  This directive specifies that the identified token should 
match any input token.

<p>When the generated parser has the choice of matching an input against
the wildcard token and some other token, the other token is always used.
The wildcard token is only matched if there are no other alternatives.


<h3>Error Processing</h3>

<p>After extensive experimentation over several years, it has been
discovered that the error recovery strategy used by yacc is about
as good as it gets.  And so that is what Lemon uses.</p>

<p>When a Lemon-generated parser encounters a syntax error, it
first invokes the code specified by the %syntax_error directive, if
any.  It then enters its error recovery strategy.  The error recovery
strategy is to begin popping the parsers stack until it enters a
state where it is permitted to shift a special non-terminal symbol
named "error".  It then shifts this non-terminal and continues
parsing.  But the %syntax_error routine will not be called again
until at least three new tokens have been successfully shifted.</p>

<p>If the parser pops its stack until the stack is empty, and it still
is unable to shift the error symbol, then the %parse_failed routine

is invoked and the parser resets itself to its start state, ready
to begin parsing a new file.  This is what will happen at the very
first syntax error, of course, if there are no instances of the 
"error" non-terminal in your grammar.</p>

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<html>
<head>
<title>The Lemon Parser Generator</title>
</head>
<body bgcolor='white'>
<h1 align='center'>The Lemon Parser Generator</h1>

<p>Lemon is an LALR(1) parser generator for C.
It does the same job as "bison" and "yacc".
But Lemon is not a bison or yacc clone.  Lemon
uses a different grammar syntax which is designed to
reduce the number of coding errors.  Lemon also uses a
parsing engine that is faster than yacc and
bison and which is both reentrant and threadsafe.
(Update: Since the previous sentence was written, bison
has also been updated so that it too can generate a
reentrant and threadsafe parser.)
Lemon also implements features that can be used
to eliminate resource leaks, making it suitable for use
in long-running programs such as graphical user interfaces
or embedded controllers.</p>

<p>This document is an introduction to the Lemon
parser generator.</p>

<h2>Security Note</h2>
................................................................................
<li>A parser template file.
</ul>
Typically, only the grammar specification is supplied by the programmer.
Lemon comes with a default parser template which works fine for most
applications.  But the user is free to substitute a different parser
template if desired.</p>

<p>Depending on command-line options, Lemon will generate up to
three output files.
<ul>
<li>C code to implement the parser.
<li>A header file defining an integer ID for each terminal symbol.
<li>An information file that describes the states of the generated parser
    automaton.
</ul>
By default, all three of these output files are generated.
................................................................................

<h3>Command Line Options</h3>

<p>The behavior of Lemon can be modified using command-line options.
You can obtain a list of the available command-line options together
with a brief explanation of what each does by typing
<pre>
   lemon "-?"
</pre>
As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><b>-b</b>
Show only the basis for each parser state in the report file.
<li><b>-c</b>
Do not compress the generated action tables.  The parser will be a
little larger and slower, but it will detect syntax errors sooner.
<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is usable by
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifdef</a></tt>" and
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifndef</a></tt>" lines
in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
output with all comments, actions, and other extraneous text removed.
<li><b>-l</b>
Omit "#line" directives in the generated parser C code.
<li><b>-m</b>
Cause the output C source code to be compatible with the "makeheaders"
program.
<li><b>-p</b>
Display all conflicts that are resolved by
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>.
<li><b>-q</b>
Suppress generation of the report file.
<li><b>-r</b>
Do not sort or renumber the parser states as part of optimization.
<li><b>-s</b>
Show parser statistics before existing.
................................................................................
be parsed.  This is accomplished by calling the following function
once for each token:
<pre>
   Parse(pParser, hTokenID, sTokenData, pArg);
</pre>
The first argument to the Parse() routine is the pointer returned by
ParseAlloc().
The second argument is a small positive integer that tells the parser the
type of the next token in the data stream.
There is one token type for each terminal symbol in the grammar.
The gram.h file generated by Lemon contains #define statements that
map symbolic terminal symbol names into appropriate integer values.
A value of 0 for the second argument is a special flag to the
parser to indicate that the end of input has been reached.
The third argument is the value of the given token.  By default,
the type of the third argument is "void*", but the grammar will
usually redefine this type to be some kind of structure.
Typically the second argument will be a broad category of tokens
such as "identifier" or "number" and the third argument will
be the name of the identifier or the value of the number.</p>

<p>The Parse() function may have either three or four arguments,
depending on the grammar.  If the grammar specification file requests
it (via the <tt><a href='#extraarg'>%extra_argument</a></tt> directive),
the Parse() function will have a fourth parameter that can be
of any type chosen by the programmer.  The parser doesn't do anything
with this argument except to pass it through to action routines.
This is a convenient mechanism for passing state information down
to the action routines without having to use global variables.</p>

<p>A typical use of a Lemon parser might look something like the
following:
<pre>
    1 ParseTree *ParseFile(const char *zFilename){
    2    Tokenizer *pTokenizer;
    3    void *pParser;
    4    Token sToken;
    5    int hTokenId;
    6    ParserState sState;

    7
    8    pTokenizer = TokenizerCreate(zFilename);
    9    pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
   10    InitParserState(&amp;sState);
   11    while( GetNextToken(pTokenizer, &amp;hTokenId, &amp;sToken) ){
   12       Parse(pParser, hTokenId, sToken, &amp;sState);
   13    }
   14    Parse(pParser, 0, sToken, &amp;sState);
   15    ParseFree(pParser, free );
   16    TokenizerFree(pTokenizer);
   17    return sState.treeRoot;
   18 }
</pre>
This example shows a user-written routine that parses a file of
text and returns a pointer to the parse tree.
(All error-handling code is omitted from this example to keep it
simple.)
We assume the existence of some kind of tokenizer which is created
using TokenizerCreate() on line 8 and deleted by TokenizerFree()
on line 16.  The GetNextToken() function on line 11 retrieves the
next token from the input file and puts its type in the
integer variable hTokenId.  The sToken variable is assumed to be
some kind of structure that contains details about each token,
such as its complete text, what line it occurs on, etc.</p>

<p>This example also assumes the existence of structure of type
ParserState that holds state information about a particular parse.
An instance of such a structure is created on line 6 and initialized
on line 10.  A pointer to this structure is passed into the Parse()
routine as the optional 4th argument.
The action routine specified by the grammar for the parser can use
................................................................................
the ParserState structure is left pointing to the root of the parse
tree.</p>

<p>The core of this example as it relates to Lemon is as follows:
<pre>
   ParseFile(){
      pParser = ParseAlloc( malloc );
      while( GetNextToken(pTokenizer,&amp;hTokenId, &amp;sToken) ){
         Parse(pParser, hTokenId, sToken);
      }
      Parse(pParser, 0, sToken);
      ParseFree(pParser, free );
   }
</pre>
Basically, what a program has to do to use a Lemon-generated parser
................................................................................

<p>The main purpose of the grammar specification file for Lemon is
to define the grammar for the parser.  But the input file also
specifies additional information Lemon requires to do its job.
Most of the work in using Lemon is in writing an appropriate
grammar file.</p>

<p>The grammar file for Lemon is, for the most part, free format.
It does not have sections or divisions like yacc or bison.  Any
declaration can occur at any point in the file.
Lemon ignores whitespace (except where it is needed to separate
tokens), and it honors the same commenting conventions as C and C++.</p>

<h3>Terminals and Nonterminals</h3>

<p>A terminal symbol (token) is any string of alphanumeric
and/or underscore characters
that begins with an uppercase letter.
A terminal can contain lowercase letters after the first character,
but the usual convention is to make terminals all uppercase.
A nonterminal, on the other hand, is any string of alphanumeric
and underscore characters than begins with a lowercase letter.
Again, the usual convention is to make nonterminals use all lowercase
letters.</p>

<p>In Lemon, terminal and nonterminal symbols do not need to
be declared or identified in a separate section of the grammar file.
Lemon is able to generate a list of all terminals and nonterminals
by examining the grammar rules, and it can always distinguish a
terminal from a nonterminal by checking the case of the first
character of the name.</p>

<p>Yacc and bison allow terminal symbols to have either alphanumeric
................................................................................
Each grammar rule consists of a nonterminal symbol followed by
the special symbol "::=" and then a list of terminals and/or nonterminals.
The rule is terminated by a period.
The list of terminals and nonterminals on the right-hand side of the
rule can be empty.
Rules can occur in any order, except that the left-hand side of the
first rule is assumed to be the start symbol for the grammar (unless
specified otherwise using the <tt><a href='#start_symbol'>%start_symbol</a></tt>
directive described below.)
A typical sequence of grammar rules might look something like this:
<pre>
  expr ::= expr PLUS expr.
  expr ::= expr TIMES expr.
  expr ::= LPAREN expr RPAREN.
  expr ::= VALUE.
</pre>
................................................................................
rule and say "$7" when you really mean "$8".</p>

<p>Lemon avoids the need to count grammar symbols by assigning symbolic
names to each symbol in a grammar rule and then using those symbolic
names in the action.
In yacc or bison, one would write this:
<pre>
  expr -&gt; expr PLUS expr  { $$ = $1 + $3; };
</pre>
But in Lemon, the same rule becomes the following:
<pre>
  expr(A) ::= expr(B) PLUS expr(C).  { A = B+C; }
</pre>
In the Lemon rule, any symbol in parentheses after a grammar rule
symbol becomes a place holder for that symbol in the grammar rule.
................................................................................

<p>Lemon resolves parsing ambiguities in exactly the same way as
yacc and bison.  A shift-reduce conflict is resolved in favor
of the shift, and a reduce-reduce conflict is resolved by reducing
whichever rule comes first in the grammar file.</p>

<p>Just like in
yacc and bison, Lemon allows a measure of control
over the resolution of parsing conflicts using precedence rules.
A precedence value can be assigned to any terminal symbol
using the
<tt><a href='#pleft'>%left</a></tt>,
<tt><a href='#pright'>%right</a></tt> or
<tt><a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a></tt> directives.  Terminal symbols
mentioned in earlier directives have a lower precedence than
terminal symbols mentioned in later directives.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
   %left PLUS MINUS.
................................................................................
<ul>
<li> If either the token to be shifted or the rule to be reduced
     lacks precedence information, then resolve in favor of the
     shift, but report a parsing conflict.
<li> If the precedence of the token to be shifted is greater than
     the precedence of the rule to reduce, then resolve in favor
     of the shift.  No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedence of the token to be shifted is less than the
     precedence of the rule to reduce, then resolve in favor of the
     reduce action.  No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedences are the same and the shift token is
     right-associative, then resolve in favor of the shift.
     No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> If the precedences are the same and the shift token is
     left-associative, then resolve in favor of the reduce.
     No parsing conflict is reported.
<li> Otherwise, resolve the conflict by doing the shift, and
     report a parsing conflict.
</ul>
Reduce-reduce conflicts are resolved this way:
<ul>
<li> If either reduce rule
     lacks precedence information, then resolve in favor of the
     rule that appears first in the grammar, and report a parsing
     conflict.
<li> If both rules have precedence and the precedence is different,
     then resolve the dispute in favor of the rule with the highest
     precedence, and do not report a conflict.
<li> Otherwise, resolve the conflict by reducing by the rule that
     appears first in the grammar, and report a parsing conflict.
</ul>

<h3>Special Directives</h3>

<p>The input grammar to Lemon consists of grammar rules and special
directives.  We've described all the grammar rules, so now we'll
talk about the special directives.</p>

<p>Directives in Lemon can occur in any order.  You can put them before
the grammar rules, or after the grammar rules, or in the midst of the
grammar rules.  It doesn't matter.  The relative order of
directives used to assign precedence to terminals is important, but
other than that, the order of directives in Lemon is arbitrary.</p>

<p>Lemon supports the following special directives:
<ul>
<li><tt><a href='#pcode'>%code</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#default_destructor'>%default_destructor</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#default_type'>%default_type</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#destructor'>%destructor</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pifdef'>%endif</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#extraarg'>%extra_argument</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pfallback'>%fallback</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifdef</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifndef</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pinclude'>%include</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pleft'>%left</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pname'>%name</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#parse_accept'>%parse_accept</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#parse_failure'>%parse_failure</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pright'>%right</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#stack_overflow'>%stack_overflow</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#stack_size'>%stack_size</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#start_symbol'>%start_symbol</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#syntax_error'>%syntax_error</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#token_class'>%token_class</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#token_destructor'>%token_destructor</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#token_prefix'>%token_prefix</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#token_type'>%token_type</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#ptype'>%type</a></tt>
<li><tt><a href='#pwildcard'>%wildcard</a></tt>
</ul>
Each of these directives will be described separately in the
following sections:</p>

<a name='pcode'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%code</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%code</tt> directive is used to specify additional C code that
is added to the end of the main output file.  This is similar to
the <tt><a href='#pinclude'>%include</a></tt> directive except that
<tt>%include</tt> is inserted at the beginning of the main output file.</p>

<p><tt>%code</tt> is typically used to include some action routines or perhaps
a tokenizer or even the "main()" function
as part of the output file.</p>

<a name='default_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%default_destructor</tt> directive specifies a destructor to
use for non-terminals that do not have their own destructor
specified by a separate <tt>%destructor</tt> directive.  See the documentation
on the <tt><a name='#destructor'>%destructor</a></tt> directive below for
additional information.</p>

<p>In some grammars, many different non-terminal symbols have the
same data type and hence the same destructor.  This directive is
a convenient way to specify the same destructor for all those
non-terminals using a single statement.</p>

<a name='default_type'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%default_type</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%default_type</tt> directive specifies the data type of non-terminal
symbols that do not have their own data type defined using a separate
<tt><a href='#ptype'>%type</a></tt> directive.</p>


<a name='destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive is used to specify a destructor for
a non-terminal symbol.
(See also the <tt><a href='#token_destructor'>%token_destructor</a></tt>
directive which is used to specify a destructor for terminal symbols.)</p>

<p>A non-terminal's destructor is called to dispose of the
non-terminal's value whenever the non-terminal is popped from
the stack.  This includes all of the following circumstances:
<ul>
<li> When a rule reduces and the value of a non-terminal on
................................................................................

<p>Consider an example:
<pre>
   %type nt {void*}
   %destructor nt { free($$); }
   nt(A) ::= ID NUM.   { A = malloc( 100 ); }
</pre>
This example is a bit contrived, but it serves to illustrate how
destructors work.  The example shows a non-terminal named
"nt" that holds values of type "void*".  When the rule for
an "nt" reduces, it sets the value of the non-terminal to
space obtained from malloc().  Later, when the nt non-terminal
is popped from the stack, the destructor will fire and call
free() on this malloced space, thus avoiding a memory leak.
(Note that the symbol "$$" in the destructor code is replaced
................................................................................

<p>It is important to note that the value of a non-terminal is passed
to the destructor whenever the non-terminal is removed from the
stack, unless the non-terminal is used in a C-code action.  If
the non-terminal is used by C-code, then it is assumed that the
C-code will take care of destroying it.
More commonly, the value is used to build some
larger structure, and we don't want to destroy it, which is why
the destructor is not called in this circumstance.</p>

<p>Destructors help avoid memory leaks by automatically freeing
allocated objects when they go out of scope.
To do the same using yacc or bison is much more difficult.</p>

<a name='extraarg'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive</h4>

The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive instructs Lemon to add a 4th parameter
to the parameter list of the Parse() function it generates.  Lemon
doesn't do anything itself with this extra argument, but it does
make the argument available to C-code action routines, destructors,
and so forth.  For example, if the grammar file contains:</p>

<p><pre>
    %extra_argument { MyStruct *pAbc }
................................................................................
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

<a name='pfallback'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive specifies an alternative meaning for one
or more tokens.  The alternative meaning is tried if the original token
would have generated a syntax error.</p>

<p>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive was added to support robust parsing of SQL
syntax in <a href='https://www.sqlite.org/'>SQLite</a>.
The SQL language contains a large assortment of keywords, each of which
appears as a different token to the language parser.  SQL contains so
many keywords that it can be difficult for programmers to keep up with
them all.  Programmers will, therefore, sometimes mistakenly use an
obscure language keyword for an identifier.  The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive
provides a mechanism to tell the parser:  "If you are unable to parse
this keyword, try treating it as an identifier instead."</p>

<p>The syntax of <tt>%fallback</tt> is as follows:

<blockquote>
<tt>%fallback</tt> <i>ID</i> <i>TOKEN...</i> <b>.</b>
</blockquote></p>

<p>In words, the <tt>%fallback</tt> directive is followed by a list of token
names terminated by a period.
The first token name is the fallback token &mdash; the
token to which all the other tokens fall back to.  The second and subsequent
arguments are tokens which fall back to the token identified by the first
argument.</p>

<a name='pifdef'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%ifdef</tt>, <tt>%ifndef</tt>, and <tt>%endif</tt> directives</h4>


<p>The <tt>%ifdef</tt>, <tt>%ifndef</tt>, and <tt>%endif</tt> directives
are similar to #ifdef, #ifndef, and #endif in the C-preprocessor,
just not as general.
Each of these directives must begin at the left margin.  No whitespace
is allowed between the "%" and the directive name.</p>

<p>Grammar text in between "<tt>%ifdef MACRO</tt>" and the next nested
"<tt>%endif</tt>" is
ignored unless the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.  Grammar text

betwen "<tt>%ifndef MACRO</tt>" and the next nested "<tt>%endif</tt>" is
included except when the "-DMACRO" command-line option is used.</p>

<p>Note that the argument to <tt>%ifdef</tt> and <tt>%ifndef</tt> must
be a single preprocessor symbol name, not a general expression.
There is no "<tt>%else</tt>" directive.</p>


<a name='pinclude'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%include</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%include</tt> directive specifies C code that is included at the
top of the generated parser.  You can include any text you want &mdash;
the Lemon parser generator copies it blindly.  If you have multiple
<tt>%include</tt> directives in your grammar file, their values are concatenated
so that all <tt>%include</tt> code ultimately appears near the top of the
generated parser, in the same order as it appeared in the grammar.</p>

<p>The <tt>%include</tt> directive is very handy for getting some extra #include
preprocessor statements at the beginning of the generated parser.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %include {#include &lt;unistd.h&gt;}
</pre></p>

<p>This might be needed, for example, if some of the C actions in the
grammar call functions that are prototyped in unistd.h.</p>

<a name='pleft'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%left</tt> directive</h4>

The <tt>%left</tt> directive is used (along with the
<tt><a href='#pright'>%right</a></tt> and
<tt><a href='#pnonassoc'>%nonassoc</a></tt> directives) to declare
precedences of terminal symbols.
Every terminal symbol whose name appears after
a <tt>%left</tt> directive but before the next period (".") is
given the same left-associative precedence value.  Subsequent
<tt>%left</tt> directives have higher precedence.  For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %left AND.
   %left OR.
   %nonassoc EQ NE GT GE LT LE.
   %left PLUS MINUS.
   %left TIMES DIVIDE MOD.
   %right EXP NOT.
</pre></p>

<p>Note the period that terminates each <tt>%left</tt>,
<tt>%right</tt> or <tt>%nonassoc</tt>
directive.</p>

<p>LALR(1) grammars can get into a situation where they require
a large amount of stack space if you make heavy use or right-associative
operators.  For this reason, it is recommended that you use <tt>%left</tt>
rather than <tt>%right</tt> whenever possible.</p>

<a name='pname'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%name</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the functions generated by Lemon all begin with the
five-character string "Parse".  You can change this string to something
different using the <tt>%name</tt> directive.  For instance:</p>

<p><pre>
   %name Abcde
</pre></p>

<p>Putting this directive in the grammar file will cause Lemon to generate
functions named
<ul>
<li> AbcdeAlloc(),
<li> AbcdeFree(),
<li> AbcdeTrace(), and
<li> Abcde().
</ul>
The <tt>%name</tt> directive allows you to generate two or more different
parsers and link them all into the same executable.</p>


<a name='pnonassoc'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%nonassoc</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign non-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>
or on the <tt><a href='#pleft'>%left</a></tt> directive
for additional information.</p>

<a name='parse_accept'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_accept</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%parse_accept</tt> directive specifies a block of C code that is
executed whenever the parser accepts its input string.  To "accept"
an input string means that the parser was able to process all tokens
without error.</p>

<p>For example:</p>

<p><pre>
................................................................................
      printf("parsing complete!\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='parse_failure'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%parse_failure</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%parse_failure</tt> directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed whenever the parser fails complete.  This code is not
executed until the parser has tried and failed to resolve an input
error using is usual error recovery strategy.  The routine is
only invoked when parsing is unable to continue.</p>

<p><pre>
   %parse_failure {
................................................................................
   }
</pre></p>

<a name='pright'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%right</tt> directive</h4>

<p>This directive is used to assign right-associative precedence to
one or more terminal symbols.  See the section on
<a href='#precrules'>precedence rules</a>
or on the <a href='#pleft'>%left</a> directive for additional information.</p>

<a name='stack_overflow'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_overflow</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%stack_overflow</tt> directive specifies a block of C code that
is executed if the parser's internal stack ever overflows.  Typically
this just prints an error message.  After a stack overflow, the parser
will be unable to continue and must be reset.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_overflow {
     fprintf(stderr,"Giving up.  Parser stack overflow\n");
   }
</pre></p>

<p>You can help prevent parser stack overflows by avoiding the use
of right recursion and right-precedence operators in your grammar.
Use left recursion and and left-precedence operators instead to
encourage rules to reduce sooner and keep the stack size down.
For example, do rules like this:
<pre>
   list ::= list element.      // left-recursion.  Good!
   list ::= .
</pre>
Not like this:
<pre>
   list ::= element list.      // right-recursion.  Bad!
   list ::= .
</pre></p>

<a name='stack_size'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%stack_size</tt> directive</h4>

<p>If stack overflow is a problem and you can't resolve the trouble
by using left-recursion, then you might want to increase the size
of the parser's stack using this directive.  Put an positive integer
after the <tt>%stack_size</tt> directive and Lemon will generate a parse
with a stack of the requested size.  The default value is 100.</p>

<p><pre>
   %stack_size 2000
</pre></p>

<a name='start_symbol'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%start_symbol</tt> directive</h4>

<p>By default, the start symbol for the grammar that Lemon generates
is the first non-terminal that appears in the grammar file.  But you
can choose a different start symbol using the
<tt>%start_symbol</tt> directive.</p>

<p><pre>
   %start_symbol  prog
</pre></p>

<a name='syntax_error'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%syntax_error</tt> directive</h4>

<p>See <a href='#error_processing'>Error Processing</a>.</p>

<a name='token_class'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_class</tt> directive</h4>

<p>Undocumented.  Appears to be related to the MULTITERMINAL concept.
<a href='http://sqlite.org/src/fdiff?v1=796930d5fc2036c7&v2=624b24c5dc048e09&sbs=0'>Implementation</a>.</p>

<a name='token_destructor'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_destructor</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%destructor</tt> directive assigns a destructor to a non-terminal
symbol.  (See the description of the
<tt><a href='%destructor'>%destructor</a></tt> directive above.)
The <tt>%token_destructor</tt> directive does the same thing
for all terminal symbols.</p>

<p>Unlike non-terminal symbols which may each have a different data type
for their values, terminals all use the same data type (defined by
the <tt><a href='#token_type'>%token_type</a></tt> directive)
and so they use a common destructor.
Other than that, the token destructor works just like the non-terminal
destructors.</p>

<a name='token_prefix'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_prefix</tt> directive</h4>

<p>Lemon generates #defines that assign small integer constants
to each terminal symbol in the grammar.  If desired, Lemon will
add a prefix specified by this directive
to each of the #defines it generates.</p>

<p>So if the default output of Lemon looked like this:
<pre>
    #define AND              1
    #define MINUS            2
    #define OR               3
    #define PLUS             4
</pre>
You can insert a statement into the grammar like this:
................................................................................
</pre>
to cause Lemon to produce these symbols instead:
<pre>
    #define TOKEN_AND        1
    #define TOKEN_MINUS      2
    #define TOKEN_OR         3
    #define TOKEN_PLUS       4
</pre></p>

<a name='token_type'></a><a name='ptype'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%token_type</tt> and <tt>%type</tt> directives</h4>

<p>These directives are used to specify the data types for values
on the parser's stack associated with terminal and non-terminal
symbols.  The values of all terminal symbols must be of the same
................................................................................
   %token_type    {Token*}
</pre></p>

<p>If the data type of terminals is not specified, the default value
is "void*".</p>

<p>Non-terminal symbols can each have their own data types.  Typically
the data type of a non-terminal is a pointer to the root of a parse tree
structure that contains all information about that non-terminal.
For example:</p>

<p><pre>
   %type   expr  {Expr*}
</pre></p>

................................................................................
non-terminal whose data type requires 1K of storage, then your 100
entry parser stack will require 100K of heap space.  If you are willing
and able to pay that price, fine.  You just need to know.</p>

<a name='pwildcard'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%wildcard</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%wildcard</tt> directive is followed by a single token name and a
period.  This directive specifies that the identified token should
match any input token.</p>

<p>When the generated parser has the choice of matching an input against
the wildcard token and some other token, the other token is always used.
The wildcard token is only matched if there are no alternatives.</p>

<a name='error_processing'></a>
<h3>Error Processing</h3>

<p>After extensive experimentation over several years, it has been
discovered that the error recovery strategy used by yacc is about
as good as it gets.  And so that is what Lemon uses.</p>

<p>When a Lemon-generated parser encounters a syntax error, it
first invokes the code specified by the <tt>%syntax_error</tt> directive, if
any.  It then enters its error recovery strategy.  The error recovery
strategy is to begin popping the parsers stack until it enters a
state where it is permitted to shift a special non-terminal symbol
named "error".  It then shifts this non-terminal and continues
parsing.  The <tt>%syntax_error</tt> routine will not be called again
until at least three new tokens have been successfully shifted.</p>

<p>If the parser pops its stack until the stack is empty, and it still
is unable to shift the error symbol, then the
<tt><a href='#parse_failure'>%parse_failure</a></tt> routine
is invoked and the parser resets itself to its start state, ready
to begin parsing a new file.  This is what will happen at the very
first syntax error, of course, if there are no instances of the
"error" non-terminal in your grammar.</p>

</body>
</html>

Changes to ext/fts5/fts5_vocab.c.

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    assert( iCol==1 || iCol==2 );
    if( iCol==1 ){
      iVal = pCsr->aDoc[0];
    }else{
      iVal = pCsr->aCnt[0];
    }
  }else{
    int eDetail = pCsr->pConfig->eDetail;
    assert( eType==FTS5_VOCAB_INSTANCE );
    switch( iCol ){
      case 1:
        sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, pCsr->pIter->iRowid);
        break;
      case 2: {
        int ii = -1;
        if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_FULL ){
          ii = FTS5_POS2COLUMN(pCsr->iInstPos);
        }else if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_COLUMNS ){
          ii = pCsr->iInstPos;
        }
        if( ii>=0 && ii<pCsr->pConfig->nCol ){
          const char *z = pCsr->pConfig->azCol[ii];
          sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
        }
        break;
      }







<










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    assert( iCol==1 || iCol==2 );
    if( iCol==1 ){
      iVal = pCsr->aDoc[0];
    }else{
      iVal = pCsr->aCnt[0];
    }
  }else{

    assert( eType==FTS5_VOCAB_INSTANCE );
    switch( iCol ){
      case 1:
        sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, pCsr->pIter->iRowid);
        break;
      case 2: {
        int ii = -1;
        if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_FULL ){
          ii = FTS5_POS2COLUMN(pCsr->iInstPos);
        }else if( eDetail==FTS5_DETAIL_COLUMNS ){
          ii = (int)pCsr->iInstPos;
        }
        if( ii>=0 && ii<pCsr->pConfig->nCol ){
          const char *z = pCsr->pConfig->azCol[ii];
          sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
        }
        break;
      }

Changes to ext/icu/icu.c.

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** false (0) if they are different.
*/
static int icuLikeCompare(
  const uint8_t *zPattern,   /* LIKE pattern */
  const uint8_t *zString,    /* The UTF-8 string to compare against */
  const UChar32 uEsc         /* The escape character */
){
  static const int MATCH_ONE = (UChar32)'_';
  static const int MATCH_ALL = (UChar32)'%';

  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was uEsc */

  while( 1 ){

    /* Read (and consume) the next character from the input pattern. */
    UChar32 uPattern;
    SQLITE_ICU_READ_UTF8(zPattern, uPattern);
    if( uPattern==0 ) break;

    /* There are now 4 possibilities:
    **
    **     1. uPattern is an unescaped match-all character "%",
    **     2. uPattern is an unescaped match-one character "_",
................................................................................
      return 0;

    }else if( !prevEscape && uPattern==MATCH_ONE ){
      /* Case 2. */
      if( *zString==0 ) return 0;
      SQLITE_ICU_SKIP_UTF8(zString);

    }else if( !prevEscape && uPattern==uEsc){
      /* Case 3. */
      prevEscape = 1;

    }else{
      /* Case 4. */
      UChar32 uString;
      SQLITE_ICU_READ_UTF8(zString, uString);
      uString = u_foldCase(uString, U_FOLD_CASE_DEFAULT);
      uPattern = u_foldCase(uPattern, U_FOLD_CASE_DEFAULT);
      if( uString!=uPattern ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }








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** false (0) if they are different.
*/
static int icuLikeCompare(
  const uint8_t *zPattern,   /* LIKE pattern */
  const uint8_t *zString,    /* The UTF-8 string to compare against */
  const UChar32 uEsc         /* The escape character */
){
  static const uint32_t MATCH_ONE = (uint32_t)'_';
  static const uint32_t MATCH_ALL = (uint32_t)'%';

  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was uEsc */

  while( 1 ){

    /* Read (and consume) the next character from the input pattern. */
    uint32_t uPattern;
    SQLITE_ICU_READ_UTF8(zPattern, uPattern);
    if( uPattern==0 ) break;

    /* There are now 4 possibilities:
    **
    **     1. uPattern is an unescaped match-all character "%",
    **     2. uPattern is an unescaped match-one character "_",
................................................................................
      return 0;

    }else if( !prevEscape && uPattern==MATCH_ONE ){
      /* Case 2. */
      if( *zString==0 ) return 0;
      SQLITE_ICU_SKIP_UTF8(zString);

    }else if( !prevEscape && uPattern==(uint32_t)uEsc){
      /* Case 3. */
      prevEscape = 1;

    }else{
      /* Case 4. */
      uint32_t uString;
      SQLITE_ICU_READ_UTF8(zString, uString);
      uString = (uint32_t)u_foldCase((UChar32)uString, U_FOLD_CASE_DEFAULT);
      uPattern = (uint32_t)u_foldCase((UChar32)uPattern, U_FOLD_CASE_DEFAULT);
      if( uString!=uPattern ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }

Changes to ext/lsm1/lsm_shared.c.

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  const int nUsMax = 100000;      /* Max value for nUs */
  int nUs = 1000;                 /* us to wait between DMS1 attempts */
  int rc;

  /* Obtain a pointer to the shared-memory header */
  assert( pDb->pShmhdr==0 );
  assert( pDb->bReadonly==0 );
  rc = lsmShmCacheChunks(pDb, 1);
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ) return rc;
  pDb->pShmhdr = (ShmHeader *)pDb->apShm[0];

  /* Block for an exclusive lock on DMS1. This lock serializes all calls
  ** to doDbConnect() and doDbDisconnect() across all processes.  */
  while( 1 ){
    rc = lsmShmLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS1, LSM_LOCK_EXCL, 1);
    if( rc!=LSM_BUSY ) break;
    lsmEnvSleep(pDb->pEnv, nUs);
    nUs = nUs * 2;
    if( nUs>nUsMax ) nUs = nUsMax;
  }
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ){
    pDb->pShmhdr = 0;
    return rc;
  }



  /* Try an exclusive lock on DMS2/DMS3. If successful, this is the first 
  ** and only connection to the database. In this case initialize the 
  ** shared-memory and run log file recovery.  */
  assert( LSM_LOCK_DMS3==1+LSM_LOCK_DMS2 );
  rc = lsmShmTestLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS2, 2, LSM_LOCK_EXCL);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){







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  const int nUsMax = 100000;      /* Max value for nUs */
  int nUs = 1000;                 /* us to wait between DMS1 attempts */
  int rc;

  /* Obtain a pointer to the shared-memory header */
  assert( pDb->pShmhdr==0 );
  assert( pDb->bReadonly==0 );




  /* Block for an exclusive lock on DMS1. This lock serializes all calls
  ** to doDbConnect() and doDbDisconnect() across all processes.  */
  while( 1 ){
    rc = lsmShmLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS1, LSM_LOCK_EXCL, 1);
    if( rc!=LSM_BUSY ) break;
    lsmEnvSleep(pDb->pEnv, nUs);
    nUs = nUs * 2;
    if( nUs>nUsMax ) nUs = nUsMax;
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = lsmShmCacheChunks(pDb, 1);

  }
  if( rc!=LSM_OK ) return rc;
  pDb->pShmhdr = (ShmHeader *)pDb->apShm[0];

  /* Try an exclusive lock on DMS2/DMS3. If successful, this is the first 
  ** and only connection to the database. In this case initialize the 
  ** shared-memory and run log file recovery.  */
  assert( LSM_LOCK_DMS3==1+LSM_LOCK_DMS2 );
  rc = lsmShmTestLock(pDb, LSM_LOCK_DMS2, 2, LSM_LOCK_EXCL);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){

Changes to ext/misc/csv.c.

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struct CsvReader {
  FILE *in;              /* Read the CSV text from this input stream */
  char *z;               /* Accumulated text for a field */
  int n;                 /* Number of bytes in z */
  int nAlloc;            /* Space allocated for z[] */
  int nLine;             /* Current line number */
  int bNotFirst;         /* True if prior text has been seen */
  char cTerm;            /* Character that terminated the most recent field */
  size_t iIn;            /* Next unread character in the input buffer */
  size_t nIn;            /* Number of characters in the input buffer */
  char *zIn;             /* The input buffer */
  char zErr[CSV_MXERR];  /* Error message */
};

/* Initialize a CsvReader object */
................................................................................

/* Return the next character of input.  Return EOF at end of input. */
static int csv_getc(CsvReader *p){
  if( p->iIn >= p->nIn ){
    if( p->in!=0 ) return csv_getc_refill(p);
    return EOF;
  }
  return p->zIn[p->iIn++];
}

/* Increase the size of p->z and append character c to the end. 
** Return 0 on success and non-zero if there is an OOM error */
static CSV_NOINLINE int csv_resize_and_append(CsvReader *p, char c){
  char *zNew;
  int nNew = p->nAlloc*2 + 100;







|







 







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struct CsvReader {
  FILE *in;              /* Read the CSV text from this input stream */
  char *z;               /* Accumulated text for a field */
  int n;                 /* Number of bytes in z */
  int nAlloc;            /* Space allocated for z[] */
  int nLine;             /* Current line number */
  int bNotFirst;         /* True if prior text has been seen */
  int cTerm;             /* Character that terminated the most recent field */
  size_t iIn;            /* Next unread character in the input buffer */
  size_t nIn;            /* Number of characters in the input buffer */
  char *zIn;             /* The input buffer */
  char zErr[CSV_MXERR];  /* Error message */
};

/* Initialize a CsvReader object */
................................................................................

/* Return the next character of input.  Return EOF at end of input. */
static int csv_getc(CsvReader *p){
  if( p->iIn >= p->nIn ){
    if( p->in!=0 ) return csv_getc_refill(p);
    return EOF;
  }
  return ((unsigned char*)p->zIn)[p->iIn++];
}

/* Increase the size of p->z and append character c to the end. 
** Return 0 on success and non-zero if there is an OOM error */
static CSV_NOINLINE int csv_resize_and_append(CsvReader *p, char c){
  char *zNew;
  int nNew = p->nAlloc*2 + 100;

Added ext/misc/mmapwarm.c.

























































































































































































































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/*
** 2017-09-18
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
*/

#include "sqlite3.h"


/*
** This function is used to touch each page of a mapping of a memory
** mapped SQLite database. Assuming that the system has sufficient free
** memory and supports sufficiently large mappings, this causes the OS 
** to cache the entire database in main memory, making subsequent 
** database accesses faster.
**
** If the second parameter to this function is not NULL, it is the name of
** the specific database to operate on (i.e. "main" or the name of an
** attached database).
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
** It is not considered an error if the file is not memory-mapped, or if
** the mapping does not span the entire file. If an error does occur, a
** transaction may be left open on the database file.
**
** It is illegal to call this function when the database handle has an 
** open transaction. SQLITE_MISUSE is returned in this case.
*/
int sqlite3_mmap_warm(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zSql = 0;
  int pgsz = 0;
  int nTotal = 0;

  if( 0==sqlite3_get_autocommit(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE;

  /* Open a read-only transaction on the file in question */
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("BEGIN; SELECT * FROM %s%q%ssqlite_master", 
      (zDb ? "'" : ""), (zDb ? zDb : ""), (zDb ? "'." : "")
  );
  if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);

  /* Find the SQLite page size of the file */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA %s%q%spage_size", 
        (zDb ? "'" : ""), (zDb ? zDb : ""), (zDb ? "'." : "")
    );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_stmt *pPgsz = 0;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pPgsz, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( sqlite3_step(pPgsz)==SQLITE_ROW ){
          pgsz = sqlite3_column_int(pPgsz, 0);
        }
        rc = sqlite3_finalize(pPgsz);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pgsz==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Touch each mmap'd page of the file */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    sqlite3_file *pFd = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER, &pFd);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
      sqlite3_int64 iPg = 1;
      sqlite3_io_methods const *p = pFd->pMethods;
      while( 1 ){
        unsigned char *pMap;
        rc = p->xFetch(pFd, pgsz*iPg, pgsz, (void**)&pMap);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pMap==0 ) break;

        nTotal += pMap[0];
        nTotal += pMap[pgsz-1];

        rc = p->xUnfetch(pFd, pgsz*iPg, (void*)pMap);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        iPg++;
      }
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_OK, 
          "sqlite3_mmap_warm_cache: Warmed up %d pages of %s", iPg==1?0:iPg,
          sqlite3_db_filename(db, zDb)
      );
    }

    rc2 = sqlite3_exec(db, "END", 0, 0, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }

  return rc;
}

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c.

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#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "windows.h"
#endif

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16








/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

................................................................................
  }
  z--;
  *pLen -= z - zStart;
  *pz = (char*)z;
  return v;
}


/*
** Compute a 32-bit checksum on the N-byte buffer.  Return the result.
*/
static unsigned int rbuDeltaChecksum(const char *zIn, size_t N){
  const unsigned char *z = (const unsigned char *)zIn;
  unsigned sum0 = 0;
  unsigned sum1 = 0;
................................................................................
    case 3:   sum3 += (z[2] << 8);
    case 2:   sum3 += (z[1] << 16);
    case 1:   sum3 += (z[0] << 24);
    default:  ;
  }
  return sum3;
}


/*
** Apply a delta.
**
** The output buffer should be big enough to hold the whole output
** file and a NUL terminator at the end.  The delta_output_size()
** routine will determine this size for you.
................................................................................
  int lenSrc,            /* Length of the source file */
  const char *zDelta,    /* Delta to apply to the pattern */
  int lenDelta,          /* Length of the delta */
  char *zOut             /* Write the output into this preallocated buffer */
){
  unsigned int limit;
  unsigned int total = 0;
#ifndef FOSSIL_OMIT_DELTA_CKSUM_TEST
  char *zOrigOut = zOut;
#endif

  limit = rbuDeltaGetInt(&zDelta, &lenDelta);
  if( *zDelta!='\n' ){
    /* ERROR: size integer not terminated by "\n" */
    return -1;
................................................................................
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
        break;
      }
      case ';': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        zOut[0] = 0;
#ifndef FOSSIL_OMIT_DELTA_CKSUM_TEST
        if( cnt!=rbuDeltaChecksum(zOrigOut, total) ){
          /* ERROR:  bad checksum */
          return -1;
        }
#endif
        if( total!=limit ){
          /* ERROR: generated size does not match predicted size */







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#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "windows.h"
#endif

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16

/* Delta checksums disabled by default.  Compile with -DRBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
** to enable checksum verification.
*/
#ifndef RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
# define RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM 0
#endif

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

................................................................................
  }
  z--;
  *pLen -= z - zStart;
  *pz = (char*)z;
  return v;
}

#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
/*
** Compute a 32-bit checksum on the N-byte buffer.  Return the result.
*/
static unsigned int rbuDeltaChecksum(const char *zIn, size_t N){
  const unsigned char *z = (const unsigned char *)zIn;
  unsigned sum0 = 0;
  unsigned sum1 = 0;
................................................................................
    case 3:   sum3 += (z[2] << 8);
    case 2:   sum3 += (z[1] << 16);
    case 1:   sum3 += (z[0] << 24);
    default:  ;
  }
  return sum3;
}
#endif

/*
** Apply a delta.
**
** The output buffer should be big enough to hold the whole output
** file and a NUL terminator at the end.  The delta_output_size()
** routine will determine this size for you.
................................................................................
  int lenSrc,            /* Length of the source file */
  const char *zDelta,    /* Delta to apply to the pattern */
  int lenDelta,          /* Length of the delta */
  char *zOut             /* Write the output into this preallocated buffer */
){
  unsigned int limit;
  unsigned int total = 0;
#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
  char *zOrigOut = zOut;
#endif

  limit = rbuDeltaGetInt(&zDelta, &lenDelta);
  if( *zDelta!='\n' ){
    /* ERROR: size integer not terminated by "\n" */
    return -1;
................................................................................
        zDelta += cnt;
        lenDelta -= cnt;
        break;
      }
      case ';': {
        zDelta++; lenDelta--;
        zOut[0] = 0;
#if RBU_ENABLE_DELTA_CKSUM
        if( cnt!=rbuDeltaChecksum(zOrigOut, total) ){
          /* ERROR:  bad checksum */
          return -1;
        }
#endif
        if( total!=limit ){
          /* ERROR: generated size does not match predicted size */

Added ext/repair/README.md.

































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This folder contains extensions and utility programs intended to analyze
live database files, detect problems, and possibly fix them.

As SQLite is being used on larger and larger databases, database sizes
are growing into the terabyte range.  At that size, hardware malfunctions
and/or cosmic rays will occasionally corrupt a database file.  Detecting 
problems and fixing errors a terabyte-sized databases can take hours or days,
and it is undesirable to take applications that depend on the databases 
off-line for such a long time.
The utilities in the folder are intended to provide mechanisms for
detecting and fixing problems in large databases while those databases
are in active use.

The utilities and extensions in this folder are experimental and under
active development at the time of this writing (2017-10-12).  If and when
they stabilize, this README will be updated to reflect that fact.

Added ext/repair/checkfreelist.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017 October 11
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This module exports a single C function:
**
**   int sqlite3_check_freelist(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
**
** This function checks the free-list in database zDb (one of "main", 
** "temp", etc.) and reports any errors by invoking the sqlite3_log()
** function. It returns SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error
** code otherwise. It is not an error if the free-list is corrupted but
** no IO or OOM errors occur.
**
** If this file is compiled and loaded as an SQLite loadable extension,
** it adds an SQL function "checkfreelist" to the database handle, to
** be invoked as follows:
**
**   SELECT checkfreelist(<database-name>);
**
** This function performs the same checks as sqlite3_check_freelist(),
** except that it returns all error messages as a single text value,
** separated by newline characters. If the freelist is not corrupted
** in any way, an empty string is returned.
**
** To compile this module for use as an SQLite loadable extension:
**
**   gcc -Os -fPIC -shared checkfreelist.c -o checkfreelist.so
*/

#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
# include <string.h>
# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <assert.h>
# define ALWAYS(X)  1
# define NEVER(X)   0
  typedef unsigned char u8;
  typedef unsigned short u16;
  typedef unsigned int u32;
#define get4byte(x) (        \
    ((u32)((x)[0])<<24) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[1])<<16) +    \
    ((u32)((x)[2])<<8) +     \
    ((u32)((x)[3]))          \
)
#endif

/*
** Execute a single PRAGMA statement and return the integer value returned
** via output parameter (*pnOut).
**
** The SQL statement passed as the third argument should be a printf-style
** format string containing a single "%s" which will be replace by the
** value passed as the second argument. e.g.
**
**   sqlGetInteger(db, "main", "PRAGMA %s.page_count", pnOut)
**
** executes "PRAGMA main.page_count" and stores the results in (*pnOut).
*/
static int sqlGetInteger(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Database name ("main", "temp" etc.) */
  const char *zFmt,               /* SQL statement format */
  u32 *pnOut                      /* OUT: Integer value */
){
  int rc, rc2;
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int bOk = 0;

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, zDb);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
    *pnOut = (u32)sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    bOk = 1;
  }

  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk==0 ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Argument zFmt must be a printf-style format string and must be 
** followed by its required arguments. If argument pzOut is NULL, 
** then the results of printf()ing the format string are passed to
** sqlite3_log(). Otherwise, they are appended to the string
** at (*pzOut).
*/
static int checkFreelistError(char **pzOut, const char *zFmt, ...){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  va_list ap;

  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zErr = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( zErr==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    if( pzOut ){
      *pzOut = sqlite3_mprintf("%s%z%s", *pzOut?"\n":"", *pzOut, zErr);
      if( *pzOut==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR, "checkfreelist: %s", zErr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
  }
  va_end(ap);
  return rc;
}

static int checkFreelist(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  char **pzOut
){
  /* This query returns one row for each page on the free list. Each row has
  ** two columns - the page number and page content.  */
  const char *zTrunk = 
    "WITH freelist_trunk(i, d, n) AS ("
      "SELECT 1, NULL, sqlite_readint32(data, 32) "
      "FROM sqlite_dbpage(:1) WHERE pgno=1 "
        "UNION ALL "
      "SELECT n, data, sqlite_readint32(data) "
      "FROM freelist_trunk, sqlite_dbpage(:1) WHERE pgno=n "
    ")"
    "SELECT i, d FROM freelist_trunk WHERE i!=1;";

  int rc, rc2;                    /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTrunk = 0;       /* Compilation of zTrunk */
  u32 nPage = 0;                  /* Number of pages in db */
  u32 nExpected = 0;              /* Expected number of free pages */
  u32 nFree = 0;                  /* Number of pages on free list */

  if( zDb==0 ) zDb = "main";

  if( (rc = sqlGetInteger(db, zDb, "PRAGMA %s.page_count", &nPage))
   || (rc = sqlGetInteger(db, zDb, "PRAGMA %s.freelist_count", &nExpected))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zTrunk, -1, &pTrunk, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  sqlite3_bind_text(pTrunk, 1, zDb, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pTrunk)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    u32 i;
    u32 iTrunk = (u32)sqlite3_column_int(pTrunk, 0);
    const u8 *aData = (const u8*)sqlite3_column_blob(pTrunk, 1);
    int nData = sqlite3_column_bytes(pTrunk, 1);
    u32 iNext = get4byte(&aData[0]);
    u32 nLeaf = get4byte(&aData[4]);

    if( nLeaf>((nData/4)-2-6) ){
      rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut, 
          "leaf count out of range (%d) on trunk page %d", 
          (int)nLeaf, (int)iTrunk
      );
      nLeaf = (nData/4) - 2 - 6;
    }

    nFree += 1+nLeaf;
    if( iNext>nPage ){
      rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut, 
          "trunk page %d is out of range", (int)iNext
      );
    }

    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nLeaf; i++){
      u32 iLeaf = get4byte(&aData[8 + 4*i]);
      if( iLeaf==0 || iLeaf>nPage ){
        rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut,
            "leaf page %d is out of range (child %d of trunk page %d)", 
            (int)iLeaf, (int)i, (int)iTrunk
        );
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nFree!=nExpected ){
    rc = checkFreelistError(pzOut,
        "free-list count mismatch: actual=%d header=%d", 
        (int)nFree, (int)nExpected
    );
  }

  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pTrunk);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  return rc;
}

int sqlite3_check_freelist(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  return checkFreelist(db, zDb, 0);
}

static void checkfreelist_function(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nArg,
  sqlite3_value **apArg
){
  const char *zDb;
  int rc;
  char *zOut = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(pCtx);

  assert( nArg==1 );
  zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
  rc = checkFreelist(db, zDb, &zOut);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut?zOut:"ok", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pCtx, rc);
  }

  sqlite3_free(zOut);
}

/*
** An SQL function invoked as follows:
**
**   sqlite_readint32(BLOB)           -- Decode 32-bit integer from start of blob
*/
static void readint_function(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nArg,
  sqlite3_value **apArg
){
  const u8 *zBlob;
  int nBlob;
  int iOff = 0;
  u32 iRet = 0;

  if( nArg!=1 && nArg!=2 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(
        pCtx, "wrong number of arguments to function sqlite_readint32()", -1
    );
    return;
  }
  if( nArg==2 ){
    iOff = sqlite3_value_int(apArg[1]);
  }

  zBlob = sqlite3_value_blob(apArg[0]);
  nBlob = sqlite3_value_bytes(apArg[0]);

  if( nBlob>=(iOff+4) ){
    iRet = get4byte(&zBlob[iOff]);
  }

  sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, (sqlite3_int64)iRet);
}

/*
** Register the SQL functions.
*/
static int cflRegister(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "sqlite_readint32", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, readint_function, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "checkfreelist", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, checkfreelist_function, 0, 0
  );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Extension load function.
*/
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_checkfreelist_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  return cflRegister(db);
}

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/*
** Remove the entry with rowid=iDelete from the r-tree structure.
*/
static int rtreeDeleteRowid(Rtree *pRtree, sqlite3_int64 iDelete){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;           /* Leaf node containing record iDelete */
  int iCell;                      /* Index of iDelete cell in pLeaf */
  RtreeNode *pRoot;               /* Root node of rtree structure */


  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialize Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

  /* Obtain a reference to the leaf node that contains the entry 
  ** about to be deleted. 







|







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/*
** Remove the entry with rowid=iDelete from the r-tree structure.
*/
static int rtreeDeleteRowid(Rtree *pRtree, sqlite3_int64 iDelete){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;           /* Leaf node containing record iDelete */
  int iCell;                      /* Index of iDelete cell in pLeaf */
  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;           /* Root node of rtree structure */


  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialize Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

  /* Obtain a reference to the leaf node that contains the entry 
  ** about to be deleted. 

Changes to ext/session/sqlite3session.h.

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** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_str<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_str<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 







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** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppPatchset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing patchset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 

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THREADLIB += $(LIBS)

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o date.o dbstat.o delete.o expr.o \

	 fault.o fkey.o \
         fts3.o fts3_aux.o fts3_expr.o fts3_hash.o fts3_icu.o fts3_porter.o \
         fts3_snippet.o fts3_tokenizer.o fts3_tokenizer1.o \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.o \
	 fts3_unicode.o fts3_unicode2.o \
         fts3_write.o fts5.o func.o global.o hash.o \
         icu.o insert.o json1.o legacy.o loadext.o \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
#
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \

  sqlite3.h


# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_sqllog.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \

  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
................................................................................

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \

  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB


FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
DBFUZZ_OPT =
KV_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
ST_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0

................................................................................
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -o sqlite3$(EXE) $(SHELL_OPT) \
		$(TOP)/src/shell.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

dbhash$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o dbhash$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
................................................................................
sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid $(TOP)/VERSION $(TOP)/ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h













# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c

................................................................................

sqlite3rbu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c

# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl
	echo "#define TCLSH 2" > $@
	echo "#define SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB 1" >> $@
	cat sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c >> $@
	echo "static const char *tclsh_main_loop(void){" >> $@
	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/tostr.tcl $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB) 

dbdump$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCCX) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o dbdump$(EXE) \
            $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB



testfixture$(EXE): $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.a $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TESTSRC2) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c                \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) libsqlite3.a $(THREADLIB)

amalgamation-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c  \
				$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c                  \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c                            \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fts3-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c fts3amal.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH=1 $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                  \
	-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1                                               \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c fts3amal.c       \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fulltest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzztest
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/all.test $(TESTOPTS)








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THREADLIB += $(LIBS)

# Object files for the SQLite library.
#
LIBOBJ+= vdbe.o parse.o \
         alter.o analyze.o attach.o auth.o \
         backup.o bitvec.o btmutex.o btree.o build.o \
         callback.o complete.o ctime.o \
         date.o dbpage.o dbstat.o delete.o expr.o \
	 fault.o fkey.o \
         fts3.o fts3_aux.o fts3_expr.o fts3_hash.o fts3_icu.o fts3_porter.o \
         fts3_snippet.o fts3_tokenizer.o fts3_tokenizer1.o \
         fts3_tokenize_vtab.o \
	 fts3_unicode.o fts3_unicode2.o \
         fts3_write.o fts5.o func.o global.o hash.o \
         icu.o insert.o json1.o legacy.o loadext.o \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/btree.h \
  $(TOP)/src/btreeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/callback.c \
  $(TOP)/src/complete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/ctime.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/delete.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fault.c \
  $(TOP)/src/fkey.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/global.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/prepare.c \
  $(TOP)/src/printf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/random.c \
  $(TOP)/src/resolve.c \
  $(TOP)/src/rowset.c \
  $(TOP)/src/select.c \
  $(TOP)/src/status.c \
  $(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in \
  $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
  $(TOP)/src/table.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
................................................................................
#
SRC += \
  keywordhash.h \
  opcodes.c \
  opcodes.h \
  parse.c \
  parse.h \
  shell.c \
  sqlite3.h


# Source code to the test files.
#
TESTSRC = \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_term.c \
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/test_fs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_hexio.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_init.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_intarray.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_journal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_malloc.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_md5.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_multiplex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_mutex.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_onefile.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_osinst.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_pcache.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_quota.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_rtree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_schema.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_server.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_sqllog.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_superlock.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_syscall.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclsh.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_tclvar.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_thread.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_vfs.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_windirent.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/remember.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/series.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/totype.c \
................................................................................

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
  $(TOP)/src/backup.c \
  $(TOP)/src/btree.c \
  $(TOP)/src/build.c \
  $(TOP)/src/date.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbpage.c \
  $(TOP)/src/dbstat.c \
  $(TOP)/src/expr.c \
  $(TOP)/src/func.c \
  $(TOP)/src/insert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/main.c \
  $(TOP)/src/mem5.c \
................................................................................

# Extra compiler options for various shell tools
#
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
SHELL_OPT += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
FUZZERSHELL_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
FUZZCHECK_OPT = -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
FUZZCHECK_OPT += -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=50000000
DBFUZZ_OPT =
KV_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
ST_OPT = -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0

................................................................................
#
all:	sqlite3.h libsqlite3.a sqlite3$(EXE)

libsqlite3.a:	$(LIBOBJ)
	$(AR) libsqlite3.a $(LIBOBJ)
	$(RANLIB) libsqlite3.a

sqlite3$(EXE):	shell.c libsqlite3.a sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) $(READLINE_FLAGS) -o sqlite3$(EXE) $(SHELL_OPT) \
		shell.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBREADLINE) $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

sqldiff$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o sqldiff$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
		$(TOP)/tool/sqldiff.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS) $(THREADLIB)

dbhash$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/dbhash.c sqlite3.c sqlite3.h
	$(TCCX) -o dbhash$(EXE) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 \
................................................................................
sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest mksourceid $(TOP)/VERSION $(TOP)/ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h

# Source files that go into making shell.c
SHELL_SRC = \
	$(TOP)/src/shell.c.in \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/shathree.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
	$(TOP)/ext/misc/completion.c

shell.c:	$(SHELL_SRC) $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mkshellc.tcl >shell.c



# Rules to build the extension objects.
#
icu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/icu/icu.c

................................................................................

sqlite3rbu.o:	$(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c $(HDR) $(EXTHDR)
	$(TCCX) -DSQLITE_CORE -c $(TOP)/ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c

# Rules for building test programs and for running tests
#
tclsqlite3:	$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) -DTCLSH -o tclsqlite3 \
		$(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c libsqlite3.a $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

sqlite3_analyzer.c: sqlite3.c $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mkccode.tcl $(TOP)/tool/sqlite3_analyzer.c.in >sqlite3_analyzer.c







sqlite3_analyzer$(EXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB) 

dbdump$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCCX) -DDBDUMP_STANDALONE -o dbdump$(EXE) \
            $(TOP)/ext/misc/dbdump.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)
................................................................................
# Rules to build the 'testfixture' application.
#
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS  = -DSQLITE_TEST=1 -DSQLITE_CRASH_TEST=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERVER=1 -DSQLITE_PRIVATE="" -DSQLITE_CORE
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_SERIES_CONSTRAINT_VERIFY=1
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE=1024
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS += -DTCLSH_INIT_PROC=sqlite3TestInit

testfixture$(EXE): $(TESTSRC2) libsqlite3.a $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TESTSRC2) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c                \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) libsqlite3.a $(THREADLIB)

amalgamation-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c  \
				$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c                  \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/test_session.c                            \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fts3-testfixture$(EXE): sqlite3.c fts3amal.c $(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c
	$(TCCX) $(TCL_FLAGS) $(TESTFIXTURE_FLAGS)                            \
	-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1                                               \
		$(TESTSRC) $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c sqlite3.c fts3amal.c       \
		-o testfixture$(EXE) $(LIBTCL) $(THREADLIB)

fulltest:	$(TESTPROGS) fuzztest
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/all.test $(TESTOPTS)

Changes to src/btree.c.

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      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);



        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
** error, return ((unsigned int)-1).
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.
**
** If pCur!=0 then the page is being fetched as part of a moveToChild()
................................................................................

/*
** If the user has not set the safety-level for this database connection
** using "PRAGMA synchronous", and if the safety-level is not already
** set to the value passed to this function as the second parameter,
** set it so.
*/
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS!=SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS

static void setDefaultSyncFlag(BtShared *pBt, u8 safety_level){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *pDb;
  if( (db=pBt->db)!=0 && (pDb=db->aDb)!=0 ){
    while( pDb->pBt==0 || pDb->pBt->pBt!=pBt ){ pDb++; }
    if( pDb->bSyncSet==0 
     && pDb->safety_level!=safety_level 
................................................................................
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const void *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  u32 amt;
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->pPage);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->ix<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload>pCur->pPage->aData || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload<pCur->pPage->aDataEnd ||CORRUPT_DB);

  amt = (int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload);
  if( pCur->info.nLocal<amt ) amt = pCur->info.nLocal;





  *pAmt = amt;
  return (void*)pCur->info.pPayload;
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
................................................................................
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(0, szScratch );
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];







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7316
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7321
7322

      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
        if( top>=iFree ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PGNO(pPage->pgno);
        }
        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
** error, return ((unsigned int)-1).
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x80000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.
**
** If pCur!=0 then the page is being fetched as part of a moveToChild()
................................................................................

/*
** If the user has not set the safety-level for this database connection
** using "PRAGMA synchronous", and if the safety-level is not already
** set to the value passed to this function as the second parameter,
** set it so.
*/
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS!=SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS \
    && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
static void setDefaultSyncFlag(BtShared *pBt, u8 safety_level){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *pDb;
  if( (db=pBt->db)!=0 && (pDb=db->aDb)!=0 ){
    while( pDb->pBt==0 || pDb->pBt->pBt!=pBt ){ pDb++; }
    if( pDb->bSyncSet==0 
     && pDb->safety_level!=safety_level 
................................................................................
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const void *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  int amt;
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->pPage);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->ix<pCur->pPage->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload>pCur->pPage->aData || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pCur->info.pPayload<pCur->pPage->aDataEnd ||CORRUPT_DB);
  amt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  if( amt>(int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload) ){

    /* There is too little space on the page for the expected amount
    ** of local content. Database must be corrupt. */
    assert( CORRUPT_DB );
    amt = MAX(0, (int)(pCur->pPage->aDataEnd - pCur->info.pPayload));
  }
  *pAmt = (u32)amt;
  return (void*)pCur->info.pPayload;
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
................................................................................
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */



  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(0, szScratch );
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];

Changes to src/build.c.

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  Table *p;
  int i;
  char *z;
  char *zType;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->nCol+1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns on %s", p->zName);
    return;
  }
#endif
  z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pName->n + pType->n + 2);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  memcpy(z, pName->z, pName->n);
  z[pName->n] = 0;
  sqlite3Dequote(z);
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, p->aCol[i].zName)==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  Index *pIdx;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  destroyRootPage(pParse, pTab->tnum, iDb);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
  }
#else
  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
  ** largest root-page number. This guarantees that none of the root-pages
  ** to be destroyed is relocated by an earlier OP_Destroy. i.e. if the
  ** following were coded:
  **
................................................................................
    }else{
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_statN tables (for N in (1,2,3))
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(







<




<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<







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  Table *p;
  int i;
  char *z;
  char *zType;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;

  if( p->nCol+1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns on %s", p->zName);
    return;
  }

  z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pName->n + pType->n + 2);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  memcpy(z, pName->z, pName->n);
  z[pName->n] = 0;
  sqlite3Dequote(z);
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, p->aCol[i].zName)==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){








  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
  ** largest root-page number. This guarantees that none of the root-pages
  ** to be destroyed is relocated by an earlier OP_Destroy. i.e. if the
  ** following were coded:
  **
................................................................................
    }else{
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<pParse->db->nDb );
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }

}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_statN tables (for N in (1,2,3))
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(

Added src/dbpage.c.



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017-10-11
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains an implementation of the "sqlite_dbpage" virtual table.
**
** The sqlite_dbpage virtual table is used to read or write whole raw
** pages of the database file.  The pager interface is used so that 
** uncommitted changes and changes recorded in the WAL file are correctly
** retrieved.
**
** Usage example:
**
**    SELECT data FROM sqlite_dbpage('aux1') WHERE pgno=123;
**
** This is an eponymous virtual table so it does not need to be created before
** use.  The optional argument to the sqlite_dbpage() table name is the
** schema for the database file that is to be read.  The default schema is
** "main".
**
** The data field of sqlite_dbpage table can be updated.  The new
** value must be a BLOB which is the correct page size, otherwise the
** update fails.  Rows may not be deleted or inserted.
*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"   /* Requires access to internal data structures */
#if (defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)) \
    && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)

typedef struct DbpageTable DbpageTable;
typedef struct DbpageCursor DbpageCursor;

struct DbpageCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;       /* Base class.  Must be first */
  int pgno;                       /* Current page number */
  int mxPgno;                     /* Last page to visit on this scan */
};

struct DbpageTable {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The database */
  Pager *pPager;                  /* Pager being read/written */
  int iDb;                        /* Index of database to analyze */
  int szPage;                     /* Size of each page in bytes */
  int nPage;                      /* Number of pages in the file */
};

/*
** Connect to or create a dbpagevfs virtual table.
*/
static int dbpageConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  DbpageTable *pTab = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iDb;

  if( argc>=4 ){
    Token nm;
    sqlite3TokenInit(&nm, (char*)argv[3]);
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, &nm);
    if( iDb<0 ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("no such schema: %s", argv[3]);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }else{
    iDb = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, 
          "CREATE TABLE x(pgno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, data BLOB, schema HIDDEN)");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTab = (DbpageTable *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(DbpageTable));
    if( pTab==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pTab==0 );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    memset(pTab, 0, sizeof(DbpageTable));
    pTab->db = db;
    pTab->iDb = iDb;
    pTab->pPager = pBt ? sqlite3BtreePager(pBt) : 0;
  }

  *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pTab;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Disconnect from or destroy a dbpagevfs virtual table.
*/
static int dbpageDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** idxNum:
**
**     0     full table scan
**     1     pgno=?1
*/
static int dbpageBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
  int i;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0e6;  /* Initial cost estimate */
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->usable && p->iColumn<=0 && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
      pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 1;
      pIdxInfo->idxFlags = SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy>=1
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn<=0
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].desc==0
  ){
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new dbpagevfs cursor.
*/
static int dbpageOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr;

  pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(DbpageCursor));
  if( pCsr==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(DbpageCursor));
    pCsr->base.pVtab = pVTab;
    pCsr->pgno = -1;
  }

  *ppCursor = (sqlite3_vtab_cursor *)pCsr;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a dbpagevfs cursor.
*/
static int dbpageClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move a dbpagevfs cursor to the next entry in the file.
*/
static int dbpageNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  pCsr->pgno++;
  return rc;
}

static int dbpageEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  return pCsr->pgno > pCsr->mxPgno;
}

static int dbpageFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Btree *pBt = pTab->db->aDb[pTab->iDb].pBt;

  pTab->szPage = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt);
  pTab->nPage = sqlite3BtreeLastPage(pBt);
  if( idxNum==1 ){
    pCsr->pgno = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
    if( pCsr->pgno<1 || pCsr->pgno>pTab->nPage ){
      pCsr->pgno = 1;
      pCsr->mxPgno = 0;
    }else{
      pCsr->mxPgno = pCsr->pgno;
    }
  }else{
    pCsr->pgno = 1;
    pCsr->mxPgno = pTab->nPage;
  }
  return rc;
}

static int dbpageColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i
){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  switch( i ){
    case 0: {           /* pgno */
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->pgno);
      break;
    }
    case 1: {           /* data */
      DbPage *pDbPage = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pTab->pPager, pCsr->pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_result_blob(ctx, sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage), pTab->szPage,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
      sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
      break;
    }
    default: {          /* schema */
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(ctx);
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zDbSName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int dbpageRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  DbpageCursor *pCsr = (DbpageCursor *)pCursor;
  *pRowid = pCsr->pgno;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int dbpageUpdate(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv,
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid
){
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pVtab;
  int pgno;
  DbPage *pDbPage = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;

  if( argc==1 ){
    zErr = "cannot delete";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  pgno = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  if( pgno<1 || pgno>pTab->nPage ){
    zErr = "bad page number";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  if( sqlite3_value_int(argv[1])!=pgno ){
    zErr = "cannot insert";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[3])!=SQLITE_BLOB 
   || sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[3])!=pTab->szPage 
  ){
    zErr = "bad page value";
    goto update_fail;
  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pTab->pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage),
             sqlite3_value_blob(argv[3]),
             pTab->szPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  return rc;

update_fail:
  sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
  pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zErr);
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** Invoke this routine to register the "dbpage" virtual table module
*/
int sqlite3DbpageRegister(sqlite3 *db){
  static sqlite3_module dbpage_module = {
    0,                            /* iVersion */
    dbpageConnect,                /* xCreate */
    dbpageConnect,                /* xConnect */
    dbpageBestIndex,              /* xBestIndex */
    dbpageDisconnect,             /* xDisconnect */
    dbpageDisconnect,             /* xDestroy */
    dbpageOpen,                   /* xOpen - open a cursor */
    dbpageClose,                  /* xClose - close a cursor */
    dbpageFilter,                 /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
    dbpageNext,                   /* xNext - advance a cursor */
    dbpageEof,                    /* xEof - check for end of scan */
    dbpageColumn,                 /* xColumn - read data */
    dbpageRowid,                  /* xRowid - read data */
    dbpageUpdate,                 /* xUpdate */
    0,                            /* xBegin */
    0,                            /* xSync */
    0,                            /* xCommit */
    0,                            /* xRollback */
    0,                            /* xFindMethod */
    0,                            /* xRename */
    0,                            /* xSavepoint */
    0,                            /* xRelease */
    0,                            /* xRollbackTo */
  };
  return sqlite3_create_module(db, "sqlite_dbpage", &dbpage_module, 0);
}
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB)
int sqlite3DbpageRegister(sqlite3 *db){ return SQLITE_OK; }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB */

Changes to src/expr.c.

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4255
4256
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4260
4261
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**





** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}



























/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  Expr *pPriorSelectCol = 0;
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, 
             sizeof(*pNew)+sizeof(pNew->a[0])*(p->nExpr-1) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->nAlloc = pNew->nExpr = p->nExpr;
  pItem = pNew->a;
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    if( pOldExpr 
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Add a new element to the end of an expression list.  If pList is
** initially NULL, then create a new expression list.
**







** If a memory allocation error occurs, the entire list is freed and
** NULL is returned.  If non-NULL is returned, then it is guaranteed
** that the new entry was successfully appended.
*/
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to append. Might be NULL */
................................................................................
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(ExprList) );
    if( pList==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList->nExpr = 0;
    pList->nAlloc = 1;
  }else if( pList->nExpr==pList->nAlloc ){
    ExprList *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pList, 
             sizeof(*pList)+(2*pList->nAlloc - 1)*sizeof(pList->a[0]));
    if( pNew==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList = pNew;
    pList->nAlloc *= 2;
  }
  pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr++];
  assert( offsetof(struct ExprList_item,zName)==sizeof(pItem->pExpr) );
  assert( offsetof(struct ExprList_item,pExpr)==0 );
  memset(&pItem->zName,0,sizeof(*pItem)-offsetof(struct ExprList_item,zName));
  pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
  return pList;
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
       Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
       assert( pExpr!=0 );
       m |= pExpr->flags;
    }
  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( pColl==0 || sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        if( isRowid ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==1 || (c==2 && !negFlag) || (negFlag && value==SMALLEST_INT64)){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s%s", negFlag?"-":"",z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif
    }else{
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Erase column-cache entry number i
................................................................................
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.


**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
** filled using OP_SCopy.  OP_Copy must be used instead.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR argument allows constant arguments to be
** factored out into initialization code.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_REF flag means that expressions in the list with
** ExprList.a[].u.x.iOrderByCol>0 have already been evaluated and stored
** in registers at srcReg, and so the value can be copied from there.


*/
int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,   /* The expression list to be coded */
  int target,        /* Where to write results */
  int srcReg,        /* Source registers if SQLITE_ECEL_REF */
  u8 flags           /* SQLITE_ECEL_* flags */







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138
...
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....
1329
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1336

1337
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1342
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....
1485
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....
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1518
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1525
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....
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1720
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....
1869
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1884
....
2674
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2688
....
3102
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3110
3111
3112
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3119
3120
3121
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3128
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....
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
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4278
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4280
4281
4282
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4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq() works the same exact that it returns the
** default collation if pExpr has no defined collation.
**
** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return a pointer to the
** defautl collation sequence.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprCollSeq() routine works the same except that it
** returns NULL if there is no defined collation.
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  CollSeq *p = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr);
  if( p==0 ) p = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
  assert( p!=0 );
  return p;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the two expressions have equivalent collating sequences.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(Parse *pParse, Expr *pE1, Expr *pE2){
  CollSeq *pColl1 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE1);
  CollSeq *pColl2 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE2);
  return sqlite3StrICmp(pColl1->zName, pColl2->zName)==0;
}

/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  Expr *pPriorSelectCol = 0;
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p));

  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->nExpr = p->nExpr;
  pItem = pNew->a;
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    if( pOldExpr 
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Add a new element to the end of an expression list.  If pList is
** initially NULL, then create a new expression list.
**
** The pList argument must be either NULL or a pointer to an ExprList
** obtained from a prior call to sqlite3ExprListAppend().  This routine
** may not be used with an ExprList obtained from sqlite3ExprListDup().
** Reason:  This routine assumes that the number of slots in pList->a[]
** is a power of two.  That is true for sqlite3ExprListAppend() returns
** but is not necessarily true from the return value of sqlite3ExprListDup().
**
** If a memory allocation error occurs, the entire list is freed and
** NULL is returned.  If non-NULL is returned, then it is guaranteed
** that the new entry was successfully appended.
*/
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,        /* List to which to append. Might be NULL */
................................................................................
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( pList==0 ){
    pList = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(ExprList) );
    if( pList==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList->nExpr = 0;
  }else if( (pList->nExpr & (pList->nExpr-1))==0 ){

    ExprList *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pList, 
             sizeof(*pList)+(2*pList->nExpr - 1)*sizeof(pList->a[0]));
    if( pNew==0 ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    pList = pNew;

  }
  pItem = &pList->a[pList->nExpr++];
  assert( offsetof(struct ExprList_item,zName)==sizeof(pItem->pExpr) );
  assert( offsetof(struct ExprList_item,pExpr)==0 );
  memset(&pItem->zName,0,sizeof(*pItem)-offsetof(struct ExprList_item,zName));
  pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
  return pList;
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  assert( pList!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
     Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
     assert( pExpr!=0 );
     m |= pExpr->flags;

  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        if( isRowid ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, 0, r2, 0, "", P4_STATIC);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( (c==3 && !negFlag) || (c==2) || (negFlag && value==SMALLEST_INT64)){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s%s", negFlag?"-":"",z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif
    }else{
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==3 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Erase column-cache entry number i
................................................................................
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.  The number returned will
** usually be pList->nExpr but might be reduced if SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF
** is defined.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
** filled using OP_SCopy.  OP_Copy must be used instead.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR argument allows constant arguments to be
** factored out into initialization code.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_REF flag means that expressions in the list with
** ExprList.a[].u.x.iOrderByCol>0 have already been evaluated and stored
** in registers at srcReg, and so the value can be copied from there.
** If SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF is also set, then the values with u.x.iOrderByCol>0
** are simply omitted rather than being copied from srcReg.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,   /* The expression list to be coded */
  int target,        /* Where to write results */
  int srcReg,        /* Source registers if SQLITE_ECEL_REF */
  u8 flags           /* SQLITE_ECEL_* flags */

Changes to src/insert.c.

480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
...
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    pSelect = 0;
  }

  /* Locate the table into which we will be inserting new information.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  zTab = pTabList->a[0].zName;
  if( NEVER(zTab==0) ) goto insert_cleanup;
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0,







<







 







<
<







480
481
482
483
484
485
486

487
488
489
490
491
492
493
...
535
536
537
538
539
540
541


542
543
544
545
546
547
548
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */

  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    pSelect = 0;
  }

  /* Locate the table into which we will be inserting new information.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );


  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0,

Changes to src/main.c.

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55


56
57
58
59
60
61
62
....
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149






3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
....
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
....
3858
3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
....
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
#endif

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-53536-42575 The sqlite3_libversion() function returns
** a pointer to the to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. 
*/
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-63124-39300 The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns a
** pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
** SQLITE_SOURCE_ID C preprocessor macro. 


*/
const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-35210-63508 The sqlite3_libversion_number() function
** returns an integer equal to SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER.
*/
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3RtreeInit(db);
  }
#endif







#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbstatRegister(db);
  }
#endif

................................................................................

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS, int X)
    **
    ** This action provides a run-time test to see how the ALWAYS and
    ** NEVER macros were defined at compile-time.
    **
    ** The return value is ALWAYS(X).  
    **
    ** The recommended test is X==2.  If the return value is 2, that means
    ** ALWAYS() and NEVER() are both no-op pass-through macros, which is the
    ** default setting.  If the return value is 1, then ALWAYS() is either
    ** hard-coded to true or else it asserts if its argument is false.
    ** The first behavior (hard-coded to true) is the case if
    ** SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT shows that assert() is disabled and the second
................................................................................
    **      // ALWAYS(x) asserts that x is true. NEVER(x) asserts x is false.
    **    }else{
    **      // ALWAYS(x) is a constant 1.  NEVER(x) is a constant 0.
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = ALWAYS(x);
      break;
    }

    /*
    **   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER);
    **
    ** The integer returned reveals the byte-order of the computer on which
................................................................................
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(
  const char *zFilename,    /* Filename as passed to xOpen */
  const char *zParam,       /* URI parameter sought */
  sqlite3_int64 bDflt       /* return if parameter is missing */
){
  const char *z = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zFilename, zParam);
  sqlite3_int64 v;
  if( z && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &v)==SQLITE_OK ){
    bDflt = v;
  }
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.







|

|
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|







 







|







46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
....
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
....
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
....
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
....
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
#endif

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-53536-42575 The sqlite3_libversion() function returns
** a pointer to the to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. 
*/
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void){ return sqlite3_version; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-25063-23286 The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns a
** pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
** SQLITE_SOURCE_ID C preprocessor macro. Except if SQLite is built using
** an edited copy of the amalgamation, then the last four characters of
** the hash might be different from SQLITE_SOURCE_ID.
*/
const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }

/* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-35210-63508 The sqlite3_libversion_number() function
** returns an integer equal to SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER.
*/
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void){ return SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER; }
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3RtreeInit(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbpageRegister(db);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB
  if( !db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK){
    rc = sqlite3DbstatRegister(db);
  }
#endif

................................................................................

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS, int X)
    **
    ** This action provides a run-time test to see how the ALWAYS and
    ** NEVER macros were defined at compile-time.
    **
    ** The return value is ALWAYS(X) if X is true, or 0 if X is false.
    **
    ** The recommended test is X==2.  If the return value is 2, that means
    ** ALWAYS() and NEVER() are both no-op pass-through macros, which is the
    ** default setting.  If the return value is 1, then ALWAYS() is either
    ** hard-coded to true or else it asserts if its argument is false.
    ** The first behavior (hard-coded to true) is the case if
    ** SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT shows that assert() is disabled and the second
................................................................................
    **      // ALWAYS(x) asserts that x is true. NEVER(x) asserts x is false.
    **    }else{
    **      // ALWAYS(x) is a constant 1.  NEVER(x) is a constant 0.
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = x ? ALWAYS(x) : 0;
      break;
    }

    /*
    **   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER);
    **
    ** The integer returned reveals the byte-order of the computer on which
................................................................................
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(
  const char *zFilename,    /* Filename as passed to xOpen */
  const char *zParam,       /* URI parameter sought */
  sqlite3_int64 bDflt       /* return if parameter is missing */
){
  const char *z = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zFilename, zParam);
  sqlite3_int64 v;
  if( z && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &v)==0 ){
    bDflt = v;
  }
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.

Changes to src/os.c.

149
150
151
152
153
154
155

156
157
158
159
160
161
162
...
168
169
170
171
172
173
174

175
176
177
178
179
180
181
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id){
  int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*) = id->pMethods->xSectorSize;
  return (xSectorSize ? xSectorSize(id) : SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE);
}
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  return id->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(id);
}

int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int offset, int n, int flags){
  return id->pMethods->xShmLock(id, offset, n, flags);
}
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id){
  id->pMethods->xShmBarrier(id);
}
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int deleteFlag){
................................................................................
  int pgsz,
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Pointer to mapping */
){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xShmMap(id, iPage, pgsz, bExtend, pp);
}


#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* The real implementation of xFetch and xUnfetch */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64 iOff, int iAmt, void **pp){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xFetch(id, iOff, iAmt, pp);
}







>







 







>







149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
...
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id){
  int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*) = id->pMethods->xSectorSize;
  return (xSectorSize ? xSectorSize(id) : SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE);
}
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  return id->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(id);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int offset, int n, int flags){
  return id->pMethods->xShmLock(id, offset, n, flags);
}
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id){
  id->pMethods->xShmBarrier(id);
}
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int deleteFlag){
................................................................................
  int pgsz,
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Pointer to mapping */
){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xShmMap(id, iPage, pgsz, bExtend, pp);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* The real implementation of xFetch and xUnfetch */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64 iOff, int iAmt, void **pp){
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
  return id->pMethods->xFetch(id, iOff, iAmt, pp);
}

Changes to src/os.h.

170
171
172
173
174
175
176

177
178
179
180

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut);
int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
void sqlite3OsFileControlHint(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED 0xca093fa0
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id);

int sqlite3OsShmMap(sqlite3_file *,int,int,int,void volatile **);
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int, int, int);
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int);

int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64, int, void **);
int sqlite3OsUnfetch(sqlite3_file *, i64, void *);


/* 
** Functions for accessing sqlite3_vfs methods 
*/







>




>







170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut);
int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
void sqlite3OsFileControlHint(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED 0xca093fa0
int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
int sqlite3OsShmMap(sqlite3_file *,int,int,int,void volatile **);
int sqlite3OsShmLock(sqlite3_file *id, int, int, int);
void sqlite3OsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *id);
int sqlite3OsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *id, int);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
int sqlite3OsFetch(sqlite3_file *id, i64, int, void **);
int sqlite3OsUnfetch(sqlite3_file *, i64, void *);


/* 
** Functions for accessing sqlite3_vfs methods 
*/

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

6492
6493
6494
6495
6496
6497
6498
6499
6500
6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
6506
6507
6508
6509
6510
6511
6512
6513
6514
6515
6516
....
6867
6868
6869
6870
6871
6872
6873
6874
6875
6876
6877
6878
6879
6880
6881
6882
6883
6884
6885
6886
6887
6888
6889
6890
....
7185
7186
7187
7188
7189
7190
7191



7192
7193
7194
7195
7196
7197
7198
){
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
  unixFile *pNew = (unixFile *)pId;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pNew->pInode==NULL );

  /* Usually the path zFilename should not be a relative pathname. The
  ** exception is when opening the proxy "conch" file in builds that
  ** include the special Apple locking styles.
  */
#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' 
    || pVfs->pAppData==(void*)&autolockIoFinder );
#else
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );
#endif

  /* No locking occurs in temporary files */
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
................................................................................
    **   "<path to db>-walNN"
    **
    ** where NN is a decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( zPath[nDb]!='-' ){
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
      /* In the normal case (8+3 filenames disabled) the journal filename
      ** is guaranteed to contain a '-' character. */
      assert( nDb>0 );
      assert( sqlite3Isalnum(zPath[nDb]) );
#else
      /* If 8+3 names are possible, then the journal file might not contain
      ** a '-' character.  So check for that case and return early. */
      if( nDb==0 || zPath[nDb]=='.' ) return SQLITE_OK;
#endif
      nDb--;
    }
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    rc = getFileMode(zDb, pMode, pUid, pGid);
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
................................................................................
        }
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  



  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, pFile, zPath, ctrlFlags);

open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pPreallocatedUnused);
  }
  return rc;







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<

<







 







>
>
>







6492
6493
6494
6495
6496
6497
6498











6499
6500
6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
....
6856
6857
6858
6859
6860
6861
6862
6863
6864
6865
6866




6867

6868
6869
6870
6871
6872
6873
6874
....
7169
7170
7171
7172
7173
7174
7175
7176
7177
7178
7179
7180
7181
7182
7183
7184
7185
){
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
  unixFile *pNew = (unixFile *)pId;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pNew->pInode==NULL );












  /* No locking occurs in temporary files */
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
................................................................................
    **   "<path to db>-walNN"
    **
    ** where NN is a decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( zPath[nDb]!='-' ){
      /* In normal operation, the journal file name will always contain
      ** a '-' character.  However in 8+3 filename mode, or if a corrupt
      ** rollback journal specifies a master journal with a goofy name, then
      ** the '-' might be missing. */




      if( nDb==0 || zPath[nDb]=='.' ) return SQLITE_OK;

      nDb--;
    }
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    rc = getFileMode(zDb, pMode, pUid, pGid);
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
................................................................................
        }
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  assert( zPath==0 || zPath[0]=='/' 
      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
  );
  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, pFile, zPath, ctrlFlags);

open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pPreallocatedUnused);
  }
  return rc;

Changes to src/os_win.c.

4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890








4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
....
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066

5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073




5074

5075

5076
5077
5078
5079
5080

5081
5082
5083




5084

5085
5086
5087
5088

5089
5090
5091
5092
5093

5094
5095
5096




5097

5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115


5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
....
5701
5702
5703
5704
5705
5706
5707
5708
5709
5710
5711
5712
5713
5714
5715
5716
5717
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
#endif
  }
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}









/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path length and AppData */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;

    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

#else

    while( (h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,

                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{

    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,

                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id,
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{


      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

  if( pOutFlags ){
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  memset(zBuf, 0, nBuf);
  return nBuf;
#else
  EntropyGatherer e;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  memset(zBuf, 0, nBuf);
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1400 && !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rand_s((unsigned int*)zBuf); /* rand_s() is not available with MinGW */
#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1400 */
  e.a = (unsigned char*)zBuf;
  e.na = nBuf;
  e.nXor = 0;
  e.i = 0;
  {
    SYSTEMTIME x;
    osGetSystemTime(&x);







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
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<
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>
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>

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<
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<
<
<







4884
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4886
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4888
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4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
....
5068
5069
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5074
5075
5076
5077
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5079
5080

5081
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5096


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....
5724
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5730



5731
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5734
5735
5736
5737
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
#endif
  }
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}

/* forward reference */
static int winAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,         /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,     /* Name of file to check */
  int flags,                 /* Type of test to make on this file */
  int *pResOut               /* OUT: Result */
);

/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path length and AppData */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    do{
      h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        &extendedParameters);

      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;
      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#else
    do{
      h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                        NULL);
      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;


      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    do{
      h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                        NULL);
      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;


      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){


    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id,
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

  if( pOutFlags ){
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  memset(zBuf, 0, nBuf);
  return nBuf;
#else
  EntropyGatherer e;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  memset(zBuf, 0, nBuf);



  e.a = (unsigned char*)zBuf;
  e.na = nBuf;
  e.nXor = 0;
  e.i = 0;
  {
    SYSTEMTIME x;
    osGetSystemTime(&x);

Changes to src/pager.c.

1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210


1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
....
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817

2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
....
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946



2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
....
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018


3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030


3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE) \
 || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
  int dc;                           /* Device characteristics */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  dc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);


#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
  if( dc&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC ){
    return -1;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  u32 u;                   /* Unsigned loop counter */
  Pgno mxPg = 0;           /* Size of the original file in pages */
  int rc;                  /* Result code of a subroutine */
  int res = 1;             /* Value returned by sqlite3OsAccess() */
  char *zMaster = 0;       /* Name of master journal file if any */
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */
  int nPlayback = 0;       /* Total number of pages restored from journal */


  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  /*NOTREACHED*/
  assert( 0 );

end_playback:



  /* Following a rollback, the database file should be back in its original
  ** state prior to the start of the transaction, so invoke the
  ** SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED file-control method to disable the
  ** assertion that the transaction counter was modified.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pPager->fd->pMethods ){
................................................................................
**
** If an IO error occurs, then the IO error is returned to the caller.
** Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */


  u32 iFrame = 0;              /* Frame of WAL containing pgno */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pPg->pgno, &iFrame);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( iFrame ){
    rc = sqlite3WalReadFrame(pPager->pWal, iFrame,pPager->pageSize,pPg->pData);
  }else{


    i64 iOffset = (pPg->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, pPg->pData, pPager->pageSize, iOffset);
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }








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>
>







1204
1205
1206
1207
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1215
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1219
....
2813
2814
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....
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....
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3047

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE) \
 || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
  int dc;                           /* Device characteristics */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  dc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pPager);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
  if( dc&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC ){
    return -1;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  u32 u;                   /* Unsigned loop counter */
  Pgno mxPg = 0;           /* Size of the original file in pages */
  int rc;                  /* Result code of a subroutine */
  int res = 1;             /* Value returned by sqlite3OsAccess() */
  char *zMaster = 0;       /* Name of master journal file if any */
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */
  int nPlayback = 0;       /* Total number of pages restored from journal */
  u32 savedPageSize = pPager->pageSize;

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  /*NOTREACHED*/
  assert( 0 );

end_playback:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, &savedPageSize, -1);
  }
  /* Following a rollback, the database file should be back in its original
  ** state prior to the start of the transaction, so invoke the
  ** SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED file-control method to disable the
  ** assertion that the transaction counter was modified.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pPager->fd->pMethods ){
................................................................................
**
** If an IO error occurs, then the IO error is returned to the caller.
** Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 iFrame = 0;              /* Frame of WAL containing pgno */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pPg->pgno, &iFrame);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  if( iFrame ){
    rc = sqlite3WalReadFrame(pPager->pWal, iFrame,pPager->pageSize,pPg->pData);
  }else
#endif
  {
    i64 iOffset = (pPg->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, pPg->pData, pPager->pageSize, iOffset);
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

Changes to src/pragma.c.

294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
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316
317
....
1480
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....
1500
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1561



1562
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1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
....
1575
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1590
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1592
1593
....
1599
1600
1601
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1603
1604
1605
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1607
1608
1609
1610
1611




1612
1613
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1657
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1683



1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691


1692

1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
  }
  return lwr>upr ? 0 : &aPragmaName[mid];
}

/*
** Helper subroutine for PRAGMA integrity_check:
**
** Generate code to output a single-column result row with the result
** held in register regResult.  Decrement the result count and halt if
** the maximum number of result rows have been issued.
*/
static int integrityCheckResultRow(Vdbe *v, int regResult){
  int addr;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 1);
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfPos, 1, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, 1);
  VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Process a pragma statement.  
**
** Pragmas are of this form:
................................................................................
        mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, mxErr-1, 1); /* reg[1] holds errors left */

    /* Do an integrity check on each database file */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      HashElem *x;
      Hash *pTbls;
      int *aRoot;
      int cnt = 0;
      int mxIdx = 0;
      int nIdx;

      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);

      /* Do an integrity check of the B-Tree
................................................................................
      **
      ** Begin by finding the root pages numbers
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;

        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) cnt++;
        for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){ cnt++; }
        if( nIdx>mxIdx ) mxIdx = nIdx;
      }
      aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(cnt+1));
      if( aRoot==0 ) break;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) aRoot[cnt++] = pTab->tnum;
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          aRoot[cnt++] = pIdx->tnum;
        }
      }
      aRoot[cnt] = 0;

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, 8+mxIdx );
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1, (char*)aRoot,P4_INTARRAY);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zDbSName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Move, 2, 4, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 2);
      integrityCheckResultRow(v, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx, *pPk;
        Index *pPrior = 0;
        int loopTop;
        int iDataCur, iIdxCur;
        int r1 = -1;

        if( pTab->tnum<1 ) continue;  /* Skip VIEWs or VIRTUAL TABLEs */
        if( pTab->pCheck==0
         && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasNotNull)==0
         && (pTab->pIndex==0 || isQuick)
        ){
          continue;  /* No additional checks needed for this table */
        }
        pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead, 0,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);



        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        assert( pParse->nMem>=8+j );
        assert( sqlite3NoTempsInRange(pParse,1,7+j) );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
          if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) continue;
          sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "NULL value in %s.%s", pTab->zName,
                              pTab->aCol[j].zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC);
          integrityCheckResultRow(v, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
        }
        /* Verify CHECK constraints */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iDataCur, pTab->nCol-1, 3);
        if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
          ExprList *pCheck = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pTab->pCheck, 0);
          if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
            int addrCkFault = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int addrCkOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            char *zErr;
            int k;
................................................................................
            sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[0].pExpr, addrCkOk, 
                SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCkFault);
            pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
            zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "CHECK constraint failed in %s",
                pTab->zName);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC);
            integrityCheckResultRow(v, 3);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCkOk);
            sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
          }
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pCheck);
        }




        /* Validate index entries for the current row */
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && !isQuick; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4, jmp5;
          int ckUniq = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          /* Verify that an index entry exists for the current table row */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, ckUniq, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "row ");
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, " missing from index ");
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          jmp5 = sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, pIdx->zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          jmp4 = integrityCheckResultRow(v, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          /* For UNIQUE indexes, verify that only one entry exists with the
          ** current key.  The entry is unique if (1) any column is NULL
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol!=XN_ROWID && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxGT, iIdxCur+j, uniqOk, r1,
                                 pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "non-unique entry in index ");
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, jmp5);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, uniqOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);

        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        if( !isQuick ){
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 2, "wrong # of entries in index ");
          for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
            if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
            addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, 0, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, pIdx->zName);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
            integrityCheckResultRow(v, 7);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
          }
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    {
      static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
      static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
        { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_IfNotZero,   1, 4,        0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
        { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},    /* 3 */



      };
      VdbeOp *aOp;

      aOp = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
      if( aOp ){
        aOp[0].p2 = 1-mxErr;
        aOp[2].p4type = P4_STATIC;
        aOp[2].p4.z = "ok";


      }

    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*







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  }
  return lwr>upr ? 0 : &aPragmaName[mid];
}

/*
** Helper subroutine for PRAGMA integrity_check:
**
** Generate code to output a single-column result row with a value of the
** string held in register 3.  Decrement the result count in register 1
** and halt if the maximum number of result rows have been issued.
*/
static int integrityCheckResultRow(Vdbe *v){
  int addr;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfPos, 1, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, 1);
  VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Process a pragma statement.  
**
** Pragmas are of this form:
................................................................................
        mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, mxErr-1, 1); /* reg[1] holds errors left */

    /* Do an integrity check on each database file */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      HashElem *x;     /* For looping over tables in the schema */
      Hash *pTbls;     /* Set of all tables in the schema */
      int *aRoot;      /* Array of root page numbers of all btrees */
      int cnt = 0;     /* Number of entries in aRoot[] */
      int mxIdx = 0;   /* Maximum number of indexes for any table */


      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);

      /* Do an integrity check of the B-Tree
................................................................................
      **
      ** Begin by finding the root pages numbers
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);  /* Current table */
        Index *pIdx;                      /* An index on pTab */
        int nIdx;                         /* Number of indexes on pTab */
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) cnt++;
        for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){ cnt++; }
        if( nIdx>mxIdx ) mxIdx = nIdx;
      }
      aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int)*(cnt+1));
      if( aRoot==0 ) break;
      for(cnt=0, x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ) aRoot[++cnt] = pTab->tnum;
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          aRoot[++cnt] = pIdx->tnum;
        }
      }
      aRoot[0] = cnt;

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, 8+mxIdx );
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1, (char*)aRoot,P4_INTARRAY);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zDbSName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 2, 3, 3);
      integrityCheckResultRow(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx, *pPk;
        Index *pPrior = 0;
        int loopTop;
        int iDataCur, iIdxCur;
        int r1 = -1;

        if( pTab->tnum<1 ) continue;  /* Skip VIEWs or VIRTUAL TABLEs */






        pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead, 0,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        /* reg[7] counts the number of entries in the table.
        ** reg[8+i] counts the number of entries in the i-th index 
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        assert( pParse->nMem>=8+j );
        assert( sqlite3NoTempsInRange(pParse,1,7+j) );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
          if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) continue;
          sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "NULL value in %s.%s", pTab->zName,
                              pTab->aCol[j].zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC);
          integrityCheckResultRow(v);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
        }
        /* Verify CHECK constraints */

        if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
          ExprList *pCheck = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pTab->pCheck, 0);
          if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
            int addrCkFault = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int addrCkOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            char *zErr;
            int k;
................................................................................
            sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[0].pExpr, addrCkOk, 
                SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCkFault);
            pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
            zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "CHECK constraint failed in %s",
                pTab->zName);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC);
            integrityCheckResultRow(v);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCkOk);
            sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
          }
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pCheck);
        }
        if( !isQuick ){ /* Omit the remaining tests for quick_check */
          /* Sanity check on record header decoding */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iDataCur, pTab->nCol-1, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          /* Validate index entries for the current row */
          for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
            int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4, jmp5;
            int ckUniq = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
            r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                         pPrior, r1);
            pPrior = pIdx;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);/* increment entry count */
            /* Verify that an index entry exists for the current table row */
            jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, ckUniq, r1,
                                        pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "row ");
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, " missing from index ");
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
            jmp5 = sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, pIdx->zName);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
            jmp4 = integrityCheckResultRow(v);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
            /* For UNIQUE indexes, verify that only one entry exists with the
            ** current key.  The entry is unique if (1) any column is NULL
            ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
            if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
              int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
              int jmp6;
              int kk;
              for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
                int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
                assert( iCol!=XN_ROWID && iCol<pTab->nCol );
                if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
                VdbeCoverage(v);
              }
              jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
              sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
              sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxGT, iIdxCur+j, uniqOk, r1,
                                   pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
              sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "non-unique entry in index ");
              sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, jmp5);
              sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, uniqOk);
            }
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
            sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
          }
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        if( !isQuick ){
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 2, "wrong # of entries in index ");
          for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
            if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
            addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, 0, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, pIdx->zName);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 2, 3);
            integrityCheckResultRow(v);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
          }
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    {
      static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
      static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
        { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_IfNotZero,   1, 4,        0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
        { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},    /* 3 */
        { OP_Halt,        0, 0,        0},    /* 4 */
        { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 5 */
        { OP_Goto,        0, 3,        0},    /* 6 */
      };
      VdbeOp *aOp;

      aOp = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
      if( aOp ){
        aOp[0].p2 = 1-mxErr;
        aOp[2].p4type = P4_STATIC;
        aOp[2].p4.z = "ok";
        aOp[5].p4type = P4_STATIC;
        aOp[5].p4.z = (char*)sqlite3ErrStr(SQLITE_CORRUPT);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*

Changes to src/resolve.c.

955
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  ExprList *pEList;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int moreToDo = 1;

  pOrderBy = pSelect->pOrderBy;
  if( pOrderBy==0 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in ORDER BY clause");
    return 1;
  }
#endif
  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    pOrderBy->a[i].done = 0;
  }
  pSelect->pNext = 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ){
    pSelect->pPrior->pNext = pSelect;
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
................................................................................
){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;

  if( pOrderBy==0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in %s BY clause", zType);
    return 1;
  }
#endif
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( pEList!=0 );  /* sqlite3SelectNew() guarantees this */
  for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol ){
      if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>pEList->nExpr ){
        resolveOutOfRangeError(pParse, zType, i+1, pEList->nExpr);
        return 1;







<




<







 







<




<







955
956
957
958
959
960
961

962
963
964
965

966
967
968
969
970
971
972
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1051
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1053
1054
1055
1056

1057
1058
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1060

1061
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1065
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  ExprList *pEList;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int moreToDo = 1;

  pOrderBy = pSelect->pOrderBy;
  if( pOrderBy==0 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;

  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in ORDER BY clause");
    return 1;
  }

  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    pOrderBy->a[i].done = 0;
  }
  pSelect->pNext = 0;
  while( pSelect->pPrior ){
    pSelect->pPrior->pNext = pSelect;
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
................................................................................
){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;

  if( pOrderBy==0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

  if( pOrderBy->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in %s BY clause", zType);
    return 1;
  }

  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( pEList!=0 );  /* sqlite3SelectNew() guarantees this */
  for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol ){
      if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>pEList->nExpr ){
        resolveOutOfRangeError(pParse, zType, i+1, pEList->nExpr);
        return 1;

Changes to src/select.c.

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679
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681
682
683
...
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
...
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763

764
765
766
767
768
769
770
...
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
....
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
....
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371

1372
1373


1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
....
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455

1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472

1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
....
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
....
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
....
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
....
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
....
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695

1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
....
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807

1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
....
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867

1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
....
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
....
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
....
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
....
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
....
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193

3194

3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
....
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308

3309
3310
3311
3312



3313
3314

3315
3316
3317
3318
3319




3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367


3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
....
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394

3395
3396

3397
3398
3399
3400
3401


3402
3403
3404
3405

3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
....
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
....
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504

3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523

3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531

3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546

3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570

















3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
....
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
....
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859




3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
....
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885









3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893


3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912



3913

3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
....
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240

4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
....
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
....
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
....
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384



4385

4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
....
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607
....
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
....
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
....
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
....
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213







5214




















5215
5216
5217
5218
5219
5220
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
....
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253



5254
5255
5256
5257

5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
....
5312
5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318



5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343

5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
....
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400

5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
....
5541
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547

5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
....
5844
5845
5846
5847
5848
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857
5858
....
5988
5989
5990
5991
5992
5993
5994
5995
5996
5997
5998
5999
6000
6001
6002
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
    if( p->pWith ) sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);
    if( bFree ) sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p);
    p = pPrior;
    bFree = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));

  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );

  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( p ) clearSelect(db, p, 1);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pLeft;     /* Left table being joined */
  struct SrcList_item *pRight;    /* Right table being joined */

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  pLeft = &pSrc->a[0];
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){
    Table *pLeftTab = pLeft->pTab;
    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeftTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and pEList is used only 
** to get the number of columns and the collation sequence for each column.
*/
static void selectInnerLoop(
  Parse *pParse,          /* The parser context */
  Select *p,              /* The complete select statement being coded */
  ExprList *pEList,       /* List of values being extracted */
  int srcTab,             /* Pull data from this table */
  SortCtx *pSort,         /* If not NULL, info on how to process ORDER BY */
  DistinctCtx *pDistinct, /* If not NULL, info on how to process DISTINCT */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* How to dispose of the results */
  int iContinue,          /* Jump here to continue with next row */
  int iBreak              /* Jump here to break out of the inner loop */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
................................................................................
  ** same value. However, if the results are being sent to the sorter, the
  ** values for any expressions that are also part of the sort-key are omitted
  ** from this array. In this case regOrig is set to zero.  */
  int regResult;              /* Start of memory holding current results */
  int regOrig;                /* Start of memory holding full result (or 0) */

  assert( v );
  assert( pEList!=0 );
  hasDistinct = pDistinct ? pDistinct->eTnctType : WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  if( pSort && pSort->pOrderBy==0 ) pSort = 0;
  if( pSort==0 && !hasDistinct ){
    assert( iContinue!=0 );
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = pEList->nExpr;

  if( pDest->iSdst==0 ){
    if( pSort ){
      nPrefixReg = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;
      if( !(pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter) ) nPrefixReg++;
      pParse->nMem += nPrefixReg;
    }
................................................................................
    pParse->nMem += nResultCol;
  }
  pDest->nSdst = nResultCol;
  regOrig = regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;
    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    if( pSort && hasDistinct==0 && eDest!=SRT_EphemTab && eDest!=SRT_Table ){
      /* For each expression in pEList that is a copy of an expression in
      ** the ORDER BY clause (pSort->pOrderBy), set the associated 
      ** iOrderByCol value to one more than the index of the ORDER BY 
      ** expression within the sort-key that pushOntoSorter() will generate.
      ** This allows the pEList field to be omitted from the sorted record,
      ** saving space and CPU cycles.  */
      ecelFlags |= (SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF|SQLITE_ECEL_REF);
      for(i=pSort->nOBSat; i<pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
        int j;
        if( (j = pSort->pOrderBy->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
          pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,pEList,regResult,0,ecelFlags);

  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        pOp->opcode = OP_Null;
        pOp->p1 = 1;
        pOp->p2 = regPrev;

        iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nResultCol;
        for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
          CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr);
          if( i<nResultCol-1 ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regResult+i, iJump, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
           }
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
#endif
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 

  Expr *pExpr,
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA


  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,
#endif
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;
  u8 estWidth = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#endif

  assert( pExpr!=0 );
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
        }
      }else if( pTab->pSchema ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );

        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
        }
#else

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif
  if( pEstWidth ) *pEstWidth = estWidth;
  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, 0);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}


................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the result
**                              column name is just the table column name: COLUMN. 
**                              Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering indexes not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
  Hash ht;                    /* Hash table of column names */

  sqlite3HashInit(&ht);
  if( pEList ){
    nCol = pEList->nExpr;
    aCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
    testcase( aCol==0 );

  }else{
    nCol = 0;
    aCol = 0;
  }
  assert( nCol==(i16)nCol );
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;
  u64 szAll = 0;

  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    const char *zType;
    int n, m;
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, &pCol->szEst);
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);

    if( zType && (m = sqlite3Strlen30(zType))>0 ){
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(pCol->zName);
      pCol->zName = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(db, pCol->zName, n+m+2);
      if( pCol->zName ){
        memcpy(&pCol->zName[n+1], zType, m+1);
        pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
      }
    }
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
** If an error occurs, return NULL and leave a message in pParse.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE Vdbe *allocVdbe(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe = sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);
  if( v ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Init, 0, 1);

  if( pParse->pToplevel==0
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db,SQLITE_FactorOutConst)
  ){
    pParse->okConstFactor = 1;
  }
  return v;
}
Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  return v ? v : allocVdbe(pParse);
}


/*
** Compute the iLimit and iOffset fields of the SELECT based on the
** pLimit and pOffset expressions.  pLimit and pOffset hold the expressions
** that appear in the original SQL statement after the LIMIT and OFFSET
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iQueue, regCurrent);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iQueue);

  /* Output the single row in Current */
  addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  codeOffset(v, regOffset, addrCont);
  selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, iCurrent,
      0, 0, pDest, addrCont, addrBreak);
  if( regLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_DecrJumpZero, regLimit, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCont);

................................................................................
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
  dest = *pDest;
  if( pPrior->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"ORDER BY clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }
  if( pPrior->pLimit ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"LIMIT clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );  /* The VDBE already created by calling function */

................................................................................
        int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
        assert( p->pEList );
        iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, unionTab, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
        iStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, unionTab,
                        0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
................................................................................
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable ){

    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is only attempted if all of the following are true:
**

**   (1)  The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates.
**
**   (2)  The subquery is not an aggregate or (2a) the outer query is not a join
**        and (2b) the outer query does not use subqueries other than the one



**        FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate for flattening.  (2b is
**        due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80] from 2015-02-09.)

**
**   (3)  The subquery is not the right operand of a LEFT JOIN
**        or (a) the subquery is not itself a join and (b) the FROM clause
**        of the subquery does not contain a virtual table and (c) the 
**        outer query is not an aggregate.




**
**   (4)  The subquery is not DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**   (6)  The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery has a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query 
**        does not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery does not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  The outer query is not part of a compound select or the
**        subquery does not have a LIMIT clause.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does
**        not contain ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  The sub-query is not a compound select, or it is a UNION ALL 
**        compound clause made up entirely of non-aggregate queries, and 
**        the parent query:
**
**          * is not itself part of a compound select,
**          * is not an aggregate or DISTINCT query, and


**          * is not a join
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER by clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (20)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use
**        an ORDER BY clause.  Ticket #3773.  We could relax this constraint
**        somewhat by saying that the terms of the ORDER BY clause must
**        appear as unmodified result columns in the outer query.  But we
**        have other optimizations in mind to deal with that case.

**
**  (21)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not

**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery is not a recursive CTE.
**
**  (23)  The parent is not a recursive CTE, or the sub-query is not a


**        compound query. This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**

**  (24)  The subquery is not an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates and subqueryIsAgg is true if the subquery uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg,           /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */
  int subqueryIsAgg    /* True if the subquery uses aggregate functions */
){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );  /* Unable to flatten compound queries */
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );
  if( subqueryIsAgg ){
    if( isAgg ) return 0;                                /* Restriction (1)   */
    if( pSrc->nSrc>1 ) return 0;                         /* Restriction (2a)  */
    if( (p->pWhere && ExprHasProperty(p->pWhere,EP_Subquery))
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pEList) & EP_Subquery)!=0
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pOrderBy) & EP_Subquery)!=0
    ){
      return 0;                                          /* Restriction (2b)  */
    }
  }

  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 && subqueryIsAgg ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (6)  */
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_MinMaxAgg );
  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive|SF_MinMaxAgg) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) and (24) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive) && pSub->pPrior ){
    return 0; /* Restriction (23) */
  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself.  Example of why this is not allowed:

  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate.  This is an artifact of the way aggregates
  ** are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if the LEFT JOIN
  ** table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){

      return 0; /* Restriction (3) */
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even though
    ** they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow opcode. */

    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction 17: If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      return 0;  /* Restriction 20 */
    }
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;

    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }


















  /***** If we reach this point, flattening is permitted. *****/
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("flatten %s.%p from term %d\n",
                   pSub->zSelName, pSub, iFrom));

  /* Authorize the subquery */
  pParse->zAuthContext = pSubitem->zName;
  TESTONLY(i =) sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }
    if( subqueryIsAgg ){
      assert( pParent->pHaving==0 );
      pParent->pHaving = pParent->pWhere;
      pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      pParent->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0), pParent->pHaving
      );
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) The inner query is an aggregate.  (In that case, we'd really want
**       to copy the outer WHERE-clause terms onto the HAVING clause of the
**       inner query.  But they probably won't help there so do not bother.)




**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pX;           /* For looping over compound SELECTs in pSubq */
  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;









  for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
    if( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Aggregate|SF_Recursive))!=0 ){
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Aggregate );
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
      testcase( pX!=pSubq );
      return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
    }
  }


  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);



      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);

      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  if( pParse->pWith && p->pPrior==0 ){
    With *pWith = findRightmost(p)->pWith;
    if( pWith!=0 ){
      assert( pParse->pWith==pWith );
      pParse->pWith = pWith->pOuter;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( p->pWith ){
    sqlite3WithPush(pParse, p->pWith, 0);
  }

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;



      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);

      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in result set");
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
#endif
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** No-op routine for the parse-tree walker.
**
** When this routine is the Walker.xExprCallback then expression trees
................................................................................
** The calling function can detect the problem by looking at pParse->nErr
** and/or pParse->db->mallocFailed.
*/
static void sqlite3SelectExpand(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
  Walker w;
  w.xExprCallback = sqlite3ExprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( pParse->hasCompound ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    w.xSelectCallback2 = 0;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
................................................................................
** This routine acts recursively on all subqueries within the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3SelectPrep(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}

/*
** Reset the aggregate accumulator.
**
** The aggregate accumulator is a set of memory cells that hold
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate query */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Must be count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in the FROM clause */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound subquery */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound terms */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point, that means it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }








    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;




















    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;




    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any tables that
    ** are referenced but from which no values are extracted. Examples of where these
    ** kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations would occur:

    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column.  The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty string
    ** for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }




    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if all of these are true:
    **   (1)  The subquery is guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it
    **        does not need to be computed more than once)
    **   (2)  The ALL keyword after SELECT is omitted.  (Applications are
    **        allowed to say "SELECT ALL" instead of just "SELECT" to disable
    **        the use of co-routines.)
    **   (3)  Co-routines are not disabled using sqlite3_test_control()
    **        with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS.
    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0                                   /* (2) */
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)               /* (3) */
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;

      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
    ** into an OP_Noop.
    */
    if( sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 && sSort.pOrderBy==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, sSort.addrSortIndex);
    }

    /* Use the standard inner loop. */

    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, pEList, -1, &sSort, &sDistinct, pDest,
                    sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(pWInfo),
                    sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));

    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
................................................................................
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "end groupby result generator"));

      /* Generate a subroutine that will reset the group-by accumulator
      */
................................................................................
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */








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1121
....
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....
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3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
....
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392

3393
3394
3395
3396
3397

3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425

3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
....
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451










3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
....
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469



3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477


3478
3479



3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524



3525

3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
....
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779










3780

3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
....
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
....
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873

3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885




3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
....
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
....
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
....
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
....
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
....
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599

4600
4601
4602
4603

4604
4605
4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
....
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664
....
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745


4746
4747
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
....
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
....
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202

5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
5217
5218
5219
5220
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243




5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
....
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281
5282
5283
5284
5285
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
....
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354





5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361


5362
5363
5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
....
5418
5419
5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
5426
5427
5428
5429
5430
5431
5432
....
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
....
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
....
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021
6022
6023
6024
6025
6026
6027
6028
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
    if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p->pWith) ) sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);
    if( bFree ) sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p);
    p = pPrior;
    bFree = 1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0,
                                   sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0
                     || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p) ) clearSelect(db, p, 1);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pLeft;     /* Left table being joined */
  struct SrcList_item *pRight;    /* Right table being joined */

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  pLeft = &pSrc->a[0];
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){

    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeft->pTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the p->pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and p->pEList is used only 
** to get the number of columns and the collation sequence for each column.
*/
static void selectInnerLoop(
  Parse *pParse,          /* The parser context */
  Select *p,              /* The complete select statement being coded */

  int srcTab,             /* Pull data from this table if non-negative */
  SortCtx *pSort,         /* If not NULL, info on how to process ORDER BY */
  DistinctCtx *pDistinct, /* If not NULL, info on how to process DISTINCT */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* How to dispose of the results */
  int iContinue,          /* Jump here to continue with next row */
  int iBreak              /* Jump here to break out of the inner loop */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
................................................................................
  ** same value. However, if the results are being sent to the sorter, the
  ** values for any expressions that are also part of the sort-key are omitted
  ** from this array. In this case regOrig is set to zero.  */
  int regResult;              /* Start of memory holding current results */
  int regOrig;                /* Start of memory holding full result (or 0) */

  assert( v );
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
  hasDistinct = pDistinct ? pDistinct->eTnctType : WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  if( pSort && pSort->pOrderBy==0 ) pSort = 0;
  if( pSort==0 && !hasDistinct ){
    assert( iContinue!=0 );
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = p->pEList->nExpr;

  if( pDest->iSdst==0 ){
    if( pSort ){
      nPrefixReg = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;
      if( !(pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter) ) nPrefixReg++;
      pParse->nMem += nPrefixReg;
    }
................................................................................
    pParse->nMem += nResultCol;
  }
  pDest->nSdst = nResultCol;
  regOrig = regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", p->pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;
    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    if( pSort && hasDistinct==0 && eDest!=SRT_EphemTab && eDest!=SRT_Table ){
      /* For each expression in p->pEList that is a copy of an expression in
      ** the ORDER BY clause (pSort->pOrderBy), set the associated 
      ** iOrderByCol value to one more than the index of the ORDER BY 
      ** expression within the sort-key that pushOntoSorter() will generate.
      ** This allows the p->pEList field to be omitted from the sorted record,
      ** saving space and CPU cycles.  */
      ecelFlags |= (SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF|SQLITE_ECEL_REF);
      for(i=pSort->nOBSat; i<pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
        int j;
        if( (j = pSort->pOrderBy->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,
                                         0,ecelFlags);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        pOp->opcode = OP_Null;
        pOp->p1 = 1;
        pOp->p2 = regPrev;

        iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nResultCol;
        for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
          CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p->pEList->a[i].pExpr);
          if( i<nResultCol-1 ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regResult+i, iJump, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
           }
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){



      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E)
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E) columnTypeImpl(A,B)
#endif
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  Expr *pExpr

#else
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol
#endif

){
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#endif

  assert( pExpr!=0 );
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol); 
        }
      }else{
        /* A real table or a CTE table */
        assert( !pS );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==XN_ROWID || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);

        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse && pTab->pSchema ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
        }
#else
        assert( iCol==XN_ROWID || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = sqlite3ColumnType(&pTab->aCol[iCol],0);

        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif

  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}


................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the
**                              result column name is just the table column
**                              name: COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering idx not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
  Hash ht;                    /* Hash table of column names */

  sqlite3HashInit(&ht);
  if( pEList ){
    nCol = pEList->nExpr;
    aCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(aCol[0])*nCol);
    testcase( aCol==0 );
    if( nCol>32767 ) nCol = 32767;
  }else{
    nCol = 0;
    aCol = 0;
  }
  assert( nCol==(i16)nCol );
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;


  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    const char *zType;
    int n, m;
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
    /* pCol->szEst = ... // Column size est for SELECT tables never used */
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( zType ){
      m = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(pCol->zName);
      pCol->zName = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(db, pCol->zName, n+m+2);
      if( pCol->zName ){
        memcpy(&pCol->zName[n+1], zType, m+1);
        pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
      }
    }
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = 1; /* Any non-zero value works */
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
** If an error occurs, return NULL and leave a message in pParse.
*/
Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse *pParse){
  if( pParse->pVdbe ){
    return pParse->pVdbe;
  }
  if( pParse->pToplevel==0
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db,SQLITE_FactorOutConst)
  ){
    pParse->okConstFactor = 1;
  }
  return sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);




}


/*
** Compute the iLimit and iOffset fields of the SELECT based on the
** pLimit and pOffset expressions.  pLimit and pOffset hold the expressions
** that appear in the original SQL statement after the LIMIT and OFFSET
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iQueue, regCurrent);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iQueue);

  /* Output the single row in Current */
  addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  codeOffset(v, regOffset, addrCont);
  selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, iCurrent,
      0, 0, pDest, addrCont, addrBreak);
  if( regLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_DecrJumpZero, regLimit, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCont);

................................................................................
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
  dest = *pDest;
  if( pPrior->pOrderBy || pPrior->pLimit ){






    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s clause should come after %s not before",
      pPrior->pOrderBy!=0 ? "ORDER BY" : "LIMIT", selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );  /* The VDBE already created by calling function */

................................................................................
        int iCont, iBreak, iStart;
        assert( p->pEList );
        iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, unionTab, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
        iStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, unionTab,
                        0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
................................................................................
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
   && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable
  ){
    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is subject to the following constraints:
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        The subquery and the outer query cannot both be aggregates.
**

**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        (2) If the subquery is an aggregate then
**        (2a) the outer query must not be a join and
**        (2b) the outer query must not use subqueries
**             other than the one FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate
**             for flattening.  (This is due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80]
**             from 2015-02-09.)
**
**   (3)  If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN then



**        (3a) the subquery may not be a join and
**        (3b) the FROM clause of the subquery may not contain a virtual
**             table and
**        (3c) the outer query may not be an aggregate.
**
**   (4)  The subquery can not be DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        If the subquery is aggregate, the outer query may not be DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery must have a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be a join.
**
**   (9)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be aggregate.

**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        constraint: "If the subquery is aggregate then the outer query 
**        may not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query may not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query may not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery may not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  If the outer query is part of a compound select, then the
**        subquery may not use LIMIT.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  If the outer query is aggregate, then the subquery may not
**        use ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  If the subquery is a compound select, then
**        (17a) all compound operators must be a UNION ALL, and
**        (17b) no terms within the subquery compound may be aggregate
**              or DISTINCT, and
**        (17c) every term within the subquery compound must have a FROM clause
**        (17d) the outer query may not be
**              (17d1) aggregate, or
**              (17d2) DISTINCT, or
**              (17d3) a join.
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER BY clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (**)  Subsumed into (17d3).  Was: If the sub-query is a compound select,
**        then it must not use an ORDER BY clause - Ticket #3773.  Because
**        of (17d3), then only way to have a compound subquery is if it is
**        the only term in the FROM clause of the outer query.  But if the
**        only term in the FROM clause has an ORDER BY, then it will be
**        implemented as a co-routine and the flattener will never be called.
**

**  (21)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be
**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery may not be a recursive CTE.
**

**  (**)  Subsumed into restriction (17d3).  Was: If the outer query is
**        a recursive CTE, then the sub-query may not be a compound query.
**        This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        The subquery may not be an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg            /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */

){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );











  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (4)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }



  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }


  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) */



  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself (3a). Example of why this is not
  ** allowed:
  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate. (3c)  This is an artifact of the way
  ** aggregates are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if
  ** the LEFT JOIN table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){
      /*  (3a)             (3c)     (3b) */
      return 0;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even
    ** though they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow 
    ** opcode. */
    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction (17): If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){



    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){

      return 0; /* (17d1), (17d2), or (17d3) */
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0    /* (17b) */
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL)                 /* (17a) */
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1                                  /* (17c) */
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction (18). */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Ex-restriction (23):
  ** The only way that the recursive part of a CTE can contain a compound
  ** subquery is for the subquery to be one term of a join.  But if the
  ** subquery is a join, then the flattening has already been stopped by
  ** restriction (17d3)
  */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || pSub->pPrior==0 );

  /* Ex-restriction (20):
  ** A compound subquery must be the only term in the FROM clause of the
  ** outer query by restriction (17d3).  But if that term also has an
  ** ORDER BY clause, then the subquery will be implemented by co-routine
  ** and so the flattener will never be invoked.  Hence, it is not possible
  ** for the subquery to be a compound and have an ORDER BY clause.
  */
  assert( pSub->pPrior==0 || pSub->pOrderBy==0 );

  /***** If we reach this point, flattening is permitted. *****/
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("flatten %s.%p from term %d\n",
                   pSub->zSelName, pSub, iFrom));

  /* Authorize the subquery */
  pParse->zAuthContext = pSubitem->zName;
  TESTONLY(i =) sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }










    pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);

    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) (** This restriction was removed on 2017-09-29.  We used to
**           disallow this optimization for aggregate subqueries, but now
**           it is allowed by putting the extra terms on the HAVING clause.
**           The added HAVING clause is pointless if the subquery lacks
**           a GROUP BY clause.  But such a HAVING clause is also harmless
**           so there does not appear to be any reason to add extra logic
**           to suppress it. **)
**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;

  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Recursive ) return 0;  /* restriction (2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Only the first term of a compound can have a WITH clause.  But make
  ** sure no other terms are marked SF_Recursive in case something changes
  ** in the future.
  */
  {
    Select *pX;  
    for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
      assert( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Recursive))==0 );




    }
  }
#endif

  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction (5) */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);
      if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
        pSubq->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pHaving, pNew);
      }else{
        pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      }
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || 
            ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(pParse->pWith) && p->pPrior==0 ){
    With *pWith = findRightmost(p)->pWith;
    if( pWith!=0 ){
      assert( pParse->pWith==pWith );
      pParse->pWith = pWith->pOuter;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(p->pWith) ){
    sqlite3WithPush(pParse, p->pWith, 0);
  }

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;
      if( pFrom->zAlias ){
        pTab->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pFrom->zAlias);
      }else{
        pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "subquery_%p", (void*)pTab);
      }
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }

  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in result set");
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** No-op routine for the parse-tree walker.
**
** When this routine is the Walker.xExprCallback then expression trees
................................................................................
** The calling function can detect the problem by looking at pParse->nErr
** and/or pParse->db->mallocFailed.
*/
static void sqlite3SelectExpand(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
  Walker w;
  w.xExprCallback = sqlite3ExprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( OK_IF_ALWAYS_TRUE(pParse->hasCompound) ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    w.xSelectCallback2 = 0;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
................................................................................
** This routine acts recursively on all subqueries within the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3SelectPrep(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  assert( p!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );


  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}

/*
** Reset the aggregate accumulator.
**
** The aggregate accumulator is a set of memory cells that hold
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Is count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in FROM  */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound ry */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point then it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;

    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }

    /* Do not try to flatten an aggregate subquery.
    **
    ** Flattening an aggregate subquery is only possible if the outer query
    ** is not a join.  But if the outer query is not a join, then the subquery
    ** will be implemented as a co-routine and there is no advantage to
    ** flattening in that case.
    */
    if( (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 ) continue;
    assert( pSub->pGroupBy==0 );

    /* If the subquery contains an ORDER BY clause and if
    ** it will be implemented as a co-routine, then do not flatten.  This
    ** restriction allows SQL constructs like this:
    **
    **  SELECT expensive_function(x)
    **    FROM (SELECT x FROM tab ORDER BY y LIMIT 10);
    **
    ** The expensive_function() is only computed on the 10 rows that
    ** are output, rather than every row of the table.
    */
    if( pSub->pOrderBy!=0
     && i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
         || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)
    ){
      continue;
    }

    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */




      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    const char *zSavedAuthContext;
#endif

    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any
    ** tables that are referenced but from which no values are extracted.
    ** Examples of where these kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations
    ** would occur:
    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column. The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty
    ** string for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }

    zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
    pParse->zAuthContext = pItem->zName;

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if the subquery is
    ** guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it does not need to be
    ** computed more than once)





    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */


    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
     
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pParse->zAuthContext = zSavedAuthContext;
#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
    ** into an OP_Noop.
    */
    if( sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 && sSort.pOrderBy==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, sSort.addrSortIndex);
    }

    /* Use the standard inner loop. */
    assert( p->pEList==pEList );
    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, &sSort, &sDistinct, pDest,
                    sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(pWInfo),
                    sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));

    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
................................................................................
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "end groupby result generator"));

      /* Generate a subroutine that will reset the group-by accumulator
      */
................................................................................
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

Deleted src/shell.c.

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/* DO NOT EDIT!
** This file is automatically generated by the script in the canonical
** SQLite source tree at tool/mkshellc.tcl.  That script combines source
** code from various constituent source files of SQLite into this single
** "shell.c" file used to implement the SQLite command-line shell.
**
** Most of the code found below comes from the "src/shell.c.in" file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.  That main file contains "INCLUDE"
** lines that specify other files in the canonical source tree that are
** inserted to getnerate this complete program source file.
**
** The code from multiple files is combined into this single "shell.c"
** source file to help make the command-line program easier to compile.
**
** To modify this program, get a copy of the canonical SQLite source tree,
** edit the src/shell.c.in" and/or some of the other files that are included
** by "src/shell.c.in", then rerun the tool/mkshellc.tcl script.
*/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code to implement the "sqlite" command line
** utility for accessing SQLite databases.
*/
#if (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)) && !defined(_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS)
/* This needs to come before any includes for MSVC compiler */
#define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
#endif

/*
** Warning pragmas copied from msvc.h in the core.
*/
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning(disable : 4054)
#pragma warning(disable : 4055)
#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
#pragma warning(disable : 4127)
#pragma warning(disable : 4130)
#pragma warning(disable : 4152)
#pragma warning(disable : 4189)
#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
#pragma warning(disable : 4210)
#pragma warning(disable : 4232)
#pragma warning(disable : 4244)
#pragma warning(disable : 4305)
#pragma warning(disable : 4306)
#pragma warning(disable : 4702)
#pragma warning(disable : 4706)
#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) */

/*
** No support for loadable extensions in VxWorks.
*/
#if (defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)) && !SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
# define SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION 1
#endif

/*
** Enable large-file support for fopen() and friends on unix.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "sqlite3.h"
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
# include "sqlite3userauth.h"
#endif
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32)
# include <signal.h>
# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#  include <pwd.h>
# endif
# include <unistd.h>
# include <sys/types.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_READLINE
# include <readline/readline.h>
# include <readline/history.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_EDITLINE
# include <editline/readline.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_EDITLINE || HAVE_READLINE

# define shell_add_history(X) add_history(X)
# define shell_read_history(X) read_history(X)
# define shell_write_history(X) write_history(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X) stifle_history(X)
# define shell_readline(X) readline(X)

#elif HAVE_LINENOISE

# include "linenoise.h"
# define shell_add_history(X) linenoiseHistoryAdd(X)
# define shell_read_history(X) linenoiseHistoryLoad(X)
# define shell_write_history(X) linenoiseHistorySave(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X) linenoiseHistorySetMaxLen(X)
# define shell_readline(X) linenoise(X)

#else

# define shell_read_history(X)
# define shell_write_history(X)
# define shell_stifle_history(X)

# define SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE 1
#endif


#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
# define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
# ifndef access
#  define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
# endif
# undef popen
# define popen _popen
# undef pclose
# define pclose _pclose
#else
 /* Make sure isatty() has a prototype. */
 extern int isatty(int);

# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  /* popen and pclose are not C89 functions and so are
  ** sometimes omitted from the <stdio.h> header */
   extern FILE *popen(const char*,const char*);
   extern int pclose(FILE*);
# else
#  define SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN 1
# endif
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
#define isatty(x) 1
#endif

/* ctype macros that work with signed characters */
#define IsSpace(X)  isspace((unsigned char)X)
#define IsDigit(X)  isdigit((unsigned char)X)
#define ToLower(X)  (char)tolower((unsigned char)X)

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
#include <windows.h>

/* string conversion routines only needed on Win32 */
extern char *sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(LPCWSTR);
extern char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8_v2(const char *, int);
extern char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs_v2(const char *, int);
extern LPWSTR sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(const char *zText);
#endif

/* On Windows, we normally run with output mode of TEXT so that \n characters
** are automatically translated into \r\n.  However, this behavior needs
** to be disabled in some cases (ex: when generating CSV output and when
** rendering quoted strings that contain \n characters).  The following
** routines take care of that.
*/
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
static void setBinaryMode(FILE *file, int isOutput){
  if( isOutput ) fflush(file);
  _setmode(_fileno(file), _O_BINARY);
}
static void setTextMode(FILE *file, int isOutput){
  if( isOutput ) fflush(file);
  _setmode(_fileno(file), _O_TEXT);
}
#else
# define setBinaryMode(X,Y)
# define setTextMode(X,Y)
#endif


/* True if the timer is enabled */
static int enableTimer = 0;

/* Return the current wall-clock time */
static sqlite3_int64 timeOfDay(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs *clockVfs = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 t;
  if( clockVfs==0 ) clockVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  if( clockVfs->iVersion>=2 && clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64!=0 ){
    clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(clockVfs, &t);
  }else{
    double r;
    clockVfs->xCurrentTime(clockVfs, &r);
    t = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0);
  }
  return t;
}

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(__minux)
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

/* VxWorks does not support getrusage() as far as we can determine */
#if defined(_WRS_KERNEL) || defined(__RTP__)
struct rusage {
  struct timeval ru_utime; /* user CPU time used */
  struct timeval ru_stime; /* system CPU time used */
};
#define getrusage(A,B) memset(B,0,sizeof(*B))
#endif

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static struct rusage sBegin;  /* CPU time at start */
static sqlite3_int64 iBegin;  /* Wall-clock time at start */

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);
    iBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two time_structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
  return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec)*0.000001 +
         (double)(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    sqlite3_int64 iEnd = timeOfDay();
    struct rusage sEnd;
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (iEnd - iBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER 1

#elif (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32))

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static HANDLE hProcess;
static FILETIME ftKernelBegin;
static FILETIME ftUserBegin;
static sqlite3_int64 ftWallBegin;
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *GETPROCTIMES)(HANDLE, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME,
                                    LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME);
static GETPROCTIMES getProcessTimesAddr = NULL;

/*
** Check to see if we have timer support.  Return 1 if necessary
** support found (or found previously).
*/
static int hasTimer(void){
  if( getProcessTimesAddr ){
    return 1;
  } else {
    /* GetProcessTimes() isn't supported in WIN95 and some other Windows
    ** versions. See if the version we are running on has it, and if it
    ** does, save off a pointer to it and the current process handle.
    */
    hProcess = GetCurrentProcess();
    if( hProcess ){
      HINSTANCE hinstLib = LoadLibrary(TEXT("Kernel32.dll"));
      if( NULL != hinstLib ){
        getProcessTimesAddr =
            (GETPROCTIMES) GetProcAddress(hinstLib, "GetProcessTimes");
        if( NULL != getProcessTimesAddr ){
          return 1;
        }
        FreeLibrary(hinstLib);
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr ){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess,&ftCreation,&ftExit,
                        &ftKernelBegin,&ftUserBegin);
    ftWallBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two FILETIME structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(FILETIME *pStart, FILETIME *pEnd){
  sqlite_int64 i64Start = *((sqlite_int64 *) pStart);
  sqlite_int64 i64End = *((sqlite_int64 *) pEnd);
  return (double) ((i64End - i64Start) / 10000000.0);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit, ftKernelEnd, ftUserEnd;
    sqlite3_int64 ftWallEnd = timeOfDay();
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess,&ftCreation,&ftExit,&ftKernelEnd,&ftUserEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (ftWallEnd - ftWallBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&ftUserBegin, &ftUserEnd),
       timeDiff(&ftKernelBegin, &ftKernelEnd));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER hasTimer()

#else
#define BEGIN_TIMER
#define END_TIMER
#define HAS_TIMER 0
#endif

/*
** Used to prevent warnings about unused parameters
*/
#define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)

/*
** If the following flag is set, then command execution stops
** at an error if we are not interactive.
*/
static int bail_on_error = 0;

/*
** Threat stdin as an interactive input if the following variable
** is true.  Otherwise, assume stdin is connected to a file or pipe.
*/
static int stdin_is_interactive = 1;

/*
** On Windows systems we have to know if standard output is a console
** in order to translate UTF-8 into MBCS.  The following variable is
** true if translation is required.
*/
static int stdout_is_console = 1;

/*
** The following is the open SQLite database.  We make a pointer
** to this database a static variable so that it can be accessed
** by the SIGINT handler to interrupt database processing.
*/
static sqlite3 *globalDb = 0;

/*
** True if an interrupt (Control-C) has been received.
*/
static volatile int seenInterrupt = 0;

/*
** This is the name of our program. It is set in main(), used
** in a number of other places, mostly for error messages.
*/
static char *Argv0;

/*
** Prompt strings. Initialized in main. Settable with
**   .prompt main continue
*/
static char mainPrompt[20];     /* First line prompt. default: "sqlite> "*/
static char continuePrompt[20]; /* Continuation prompt. default: "   ...> " */

/*
** Render output like fprintf().  Except, if the output is going to the
** console and if this is running on a Windows machine, translate the
** output from UTF-8 into MBCS.
*/
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
void utf8_printf(FILE *out, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( stdout_is_console && (out==stdout || out==stderr) ){
    char *z1 = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
    char *z2 = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs_v2(z1, 0);
    sqlite3_free(z1);
    fputs(z2, out);
    sqlite3_free(z2);
  }else{
    vfprintf(out, zFormat, ap);
  }
  va_end(ap);
}
#elif !defined(utf8_printf)
# define utf8_printf fprintf
#endif

/*
** Render output like fprintf().  This should not be used on anything that
** includes string formatting (e.g. "%s").
*/
#if !defined(raw_printf)
# define raw_printf fprintf
#endif

/*
** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static FILE *iotrace = 0;
#endif

/*
** This routine works like printf in that its first argument is a
** format string and subsequent arguments are values to be substituted
** in place of % fields.  The result of formatting this string
** is written to iotrace.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static void SQLITE_CDECL iotracePrintf(const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *z;
  if( iotrace==0 ) return;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  utf8_printf(iotrace, "%s", z);
  sqlite3_free(z);
}
#endif

/*
** Output string zUtf to stream pOut as w characters.  If w is negative,
** then right-justify the text.  W is the width in UTF-8 characters, not
** in bytes.  This is different from the %*.*s specification in printf
** since with %*.*s the width is measured in bytes, not characters.
*/
static void utf8_width_print(FILE *pOut, int w, const char *zUtf){
  int i;
  int n;
  int aw = w<0 ? -w : w;
  char zBuf[1000];
  if( aw>(int)sizeof(zBuf)/3 ) aw = (int)sizeof(zBuf)/3;
  for(i=n=0; zUtf[i]; i++){
    if( (zUtf[i]&0xc0)!=0x80 ){
      n++;
      if( n==aw ){
        do{ i++; }while( (zUtf[i]&0xc0)==0x80 );
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  if( n>=aw ){
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%.*s", i, zUtf);
  }else if( w<0 ){
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%*s%s", aw-n, "", zUtf);
  }else{
    utf8_printf(pOut, "%s%*s", zUtf, aw-n, "");
  }
}


/*
** Determines if a string is a number of not.
*/
static int isNumber(const char *z, int *realnum){
  if( *z=='-' || *z=='+' ) z++;
  if( !IsDigit(*z) ){
    return 0;
  }
  z++;
  if( realnum ) *realnum = 0;
  while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z=='.' ){
    z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  if( *z=='e' || *z=='E' ){
    z++;
    if( *z=='+' || *z=='-' ) z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  return *z==0;
}

/*
** Compute a string length that is limited to what can be stored in
** lower 30 bits of a 32-bit signed integer.
*/
static int strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;
  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** Return the length of a string in characters.  Multibyte UTF8 characters
** count as a single character.
*/
static int strlenChar(const char *z){
  int n = 0;
  while( *z ){
    if( (0xc0&*(z++))!=0x80 ) n++;
  }
  return n;
}

/*
** This routine reads a line of text from FILE in, stores
** the text in memory obtained from malloc() and returns a pointer
** to the text.  NULL is returned at end of file, or if malloc()
** fails.
**
** If zLine is not NULL then it is a malloced buffer returned from
** a previous call to this routine that may be reused.
*/
static char *local_getline(char *zLine, FILE *in){
  int nLine = zLine==0 ? 0 : 100;
  int n = 0;

  while( 1 ){
    if( n+100>nLine ){
      nLine = nLine*2 + 100;
      zLine = realloc(zLine, nLine);
      if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
    }
    if( fgets(&zLine[n], nLine - n, in)==0 ){
      if( n==0 ){
        free(zLine);
        return 0;
      }
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
    while( zLine[n] ) n++;
    if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\n' ){
      n--;
      if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\r' ) n--;
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
  }
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  /* For interactive input on Windows systems, translate the
  ** multi-byte characterset characters into UTF-8. */
  if( stdin_is_interactive && in==stdin ){
    char *zTrans = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8_v2(zLine, 0);
    if( zTrans ){
      int nTrans = strlen30(zTrans)+1;
      if( nTrans>nLine ){
        zLine = realloc(zLine, nTrans);
        if( zLine==0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zTrans);
          return 0;
        }
      }
      memcpy(zLine, zTrans, nTrans);
      sqlite3_free(zTrans);
    }
  }
#endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
  return zLine;
}

/*
** Retrieve a single line of input text.
**
** If in==0 then read from standard input and prompt before each line.
** If isContinuation is true, then a continuation prompt is appropriate.
** If isContinuation is zero, then the main prompt should be used.
**
** If zPrior is not NULL then it is a buffer from a prior call to this
** routine that can be reused.
**
** The result is stored in space obtained from malloc() and must either
** be freed by the caller or else passed back into this routine via the
** zPrior argument for reuse.
*/
static char *one_input_line(FILE *in, char *zPrior, int isContinuation){
  char *zPrompt;
  char *zResult;
  if( in!=0 ){
    zResult = local_getline(zPrior, in);
  }else{
    zPrompt = isContinuation ? continuePrompt : mainPrompt;
#if SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE
    printf("%s", zPrompt);
    fflush(stdout);
    zResult = local_getline(zPrior, stdin);
#else
    free(zPrior);
    zResult = shell_readline(zPrompt);
    if( zResult && *zResult ) shell_add_history(zResult);
#endif
  }
  return zResult;
}
/*
** A variable length string to which one can append text.
*/
typedef struct ShellText ShellText;
struct ShellText {
  char *z;
  int n;
  int nAlloc;
};

/*
** Initialize and destroy a ShellText object
*/
static void initText(ShellText *p){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
}
static void freeText(ShellText *p){
  free(p->z);
  initText(p);
}

/* zIn is either a pointer to a NULL-terminated string in memory obtained
** from malloc(), or a NULL pointer. The string pointed to by zAppend is
** added to zIn, and the result returned in memory obtained from malloc().
** zIn, if it was not NULL, is freed.
**
** If the third argument, quote, is not '\0', then it is used as a
** quote character for zAppend.
*/
static void appendText(ShellText *p, char const *zAppend, char quote){
  int len;
  int i;
  int nAppend = strlen30(zAppend);

  len = nAppend+p->n+1;
  if( quote ){
    len += 2;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) len++;
    }
  }

  if( p->n+len>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc = p->nAlloc*2 + len + 20;
    p->z = realloc(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
      return;
    }
  }

  if( quote ){
    char *zCsr = p->z+p->n;
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      *zCsr++ = zAppend[i];
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) *zCsr++ = quote;
    }
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    p->n = (int)(zCsr - p->z);
    *zCsr = '\0';
  }else{
    memcpy(p->z+p->n, zAppend, nAppend);
    p->n += nAppend;
    p->z[p->n] = '\0';
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to determine if identifier zName needs to be quoted, either
** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  /* All SQLite keywords, in alphabetical order */
  static const char *azKeywords[] = {
    "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
    "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
    "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
    "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
    "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
    "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
    "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
    "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
    "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
    "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
    "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
    "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
    "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
    "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
    "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
    "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
    "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
    "WITH", "WITHOUT",
  };
  int i, lwr, upr, mid, c;
  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }
  lwr = 0;
  upr = sizeof(azKeywords)/sizeof(azKeywords[0]) - 1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    c = sqlite3_stricmp(azKeywords[mid], zName);
    if( c==0 ) return '"';
    if( c<0 ){
      lwr = mid+1;
    }else{
      upr = mid-1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** SQL function:  shell_add_schema(S,X)
**
** Add the schema name X to the CREATE statement in S and return the result.
** Examples:
**
**    CREATE TABLE t1(x)   ->   CREATE TABLE xyz.t1(x);
**
** Also works on
**
**    CREATE INDEX
**    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX
**    CREATE VIEW
**    CREATE TRIGGER
**    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
**
** This UDF is used by the .schema command to insert the schema name of
** attached databases into the middle of the sqlite_master.sql field.
*/
static void shellAddSchemaName(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  static const char *aPrefix[] = {
     "TABLE",
     "INDEX",
     "UNIQUE INDEX",
     "VIEW",
     "TRIGGER",
     "VIRTUAL TABLE"
  };
  int i = 0;
  const char *zIn = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);
  const char *zSchema = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  assert( nVal==2 );
  if( zIn!=0 && strncmp(zIn, "CREATE ", 7)==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<(int)(sizeof(aPrefix)/sizeof(aPrefix[0])); i++){
      int n = strlen30(aPrefix[i]);
      if( strncmp(zIn+7, aPrefix[i], n)==0 && zIn[n+7]==' ' ){
        char cQuote = quoteChar(zSchema);
        char *z;
        if( cQuote ){
         z = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s \"%w\".%s", n+7, zIn, zSchema, zIn+n+8);
        }else{
          z = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s %s.%s", n+7, zIn, zSchema, zIn+n+8);
        }
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, sqlite3_free);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_result_value(pCtx, apVal[0]);
}

/*
** The source code for several run-time loadable extensions is inserted
** below by the ../tool/mkshellc.tcl script.  Before processing that included
** code, we need to override some macros to make the included program code
** work here in the middle of this regular program.
*/
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(X) (void)(X)

/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/shathree.c ******************/
/*
** 2017-03-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements a functions that compute SHA1 hashes.
** Two SQL functions are implemented:
**
**     sha3(X,SIZE)
**     sha3_query(Y,SIZE)
**
** The sha3(X) function computes the SHA3 hash of the input X, or NULL if
** X is NULL.
**
** The sha3_query(Y) function evalutes all queries in the SQL statements of Y
** and returns a hash of their results.
**
** The SIZE argument is optional.  If omitted, the SHA3-256 hash algorithm
** is used.  If SIZE is included it must be one of the integers 224, 256,
** 384, or 512, to determine SHA3 hash variant that is computed.
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;

/******************************************************************************
** The Hash Engine
*/
/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** and whether or not that determination is run-time or compile-time.
**
** For best performance, an attempt is made to guess at the byte-order
** using C-preprocessor macros.  If that is unsuccessful, or if
** -DSHA3_BYTEORDER=0 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifndef SHA3_BYTEORDER
# if defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
     defined(__arm__)
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER    1234
# elif defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__)
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER    4321
# else
#   define SHA3_BYTEORDER 0
# endif
#endif


/*
** State structure for a SHA3 hash in progress
*/
typedef struct SHA3Context SHA3Context;
struct SHA3Context {
  union {
    u64 s[25];                /* Keccak state. 5x5 lines of 64 bits each */
    unsigned char x[1600];    /* ... or 1600 bytes */
  } u;
  unsigned nRate;        /* Bytes of input accepted per Keccak iteration */
  unsigned nLoaded;      /* Input bytes loaded into u.x[] so far this cycle */
  unsigned ixMask;       /* Insert next input into u.x[nLoaded^ixMask]. */
};

/*
** A single step of the Keccak mixing function for a 1600-bit state
*/
static void KeccakF1600Step(SHA3Context *p){
  int i;
  u64 B0, B1, B2, B3, B4;
  u64 C0, C1, C2, C3, C4;
  u64 D0, D1, D2, D3, D4;
  static const u64 RC[] = {
    0x0000000000000001ULL,  0x0000000000008082ULL,
    0x800000000000808aULL,  0x8000000080008000ULL,
    0x000000000000808bULL,  0x0000000080000001ULL,
    0x8000000080008081ULL,  0x8000000000008009ULL,
    0x000000000000008aULL,  0x0000000000000088ULL,
    0x0000000080008009ULL,  0x000000008000000aULL,
    0x000000008000808bULL,  0x800000000000008bULL,
    0x8000000000008089ULL,  0x8000000000008003ULL,
    0x8000000000008002ULL,  0x8000000000000080ULL,
    0x000000000000800aULL,  0x800000008000000aULL,
    0x8000000080008081ULL,  0x8000000000008080ULL,
    0x0000000080000001ULL,  0x8000000080008008ULL
  };
# define A00 (p->u.s[0])
# define A01 (p->u.s[1])
# define A02 (p->u.s[2])
# define A03 (p->u.s[3])
# define A04 (p->u.s[4])
# define A10 (p->u.s[5])
# define A11 (p->u.s[6])
# define A12 (p->u.s[7])
# define A13 (p->u.s[8])
# define A14 (p->u.s[9])
# define A20 (p->u.s[10])
# define A21 (p->u.s[11])
# define A22 (p->u.s[12])
# define A23 (p->u.s[13])
# define A24 (p->u.s[14])
# define A30 (p->u.s[15])
# define A31 (p->u.s[16])
# define A32 (p->u.s[17])
# define A33 (p->u.s[18])
# define A34 (p->u.s[19])
# define A40 (p->u.s[20])
# define A41 (p->u.s[21])
# define A42 (p->u.s[22])
# define A43 (p->u.s[23])
# define A44 (p->u.s[24])
# define ROL64(a,x) ((a<<x)|(a>>(64-x)))

  for(i=0; i<24; i+=4){
    C0 = A00^A10^A20^A30^A40;
    C1 = A01^A11^A21^A31^A41;
    C2 = A02^A12^A22^A32^A42;
    C3 = A03^A13^A23^A33^A43;
    C4 = A04^A14^A24^A34^A44;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A11^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A22^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A33^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A44^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i];
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A20^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A31^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A42^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A03^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A40^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A01^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A12^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A34^D4), 8);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A10^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A21^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A43^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A04^D4), 27);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A30^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A02^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A13^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A24^D4), 39);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A20^A40^A10^A30;
    C1 = A11^A31^A01^A21^A41;
    C2 = A22^A42^A12^A32^A02;
    C3 = A33^A03^A23^A43^A13;
    C4 = A44^A14^A34^A04^A24;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A31^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A12^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A43^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A24^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+1];
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A40^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A21^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A02^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A33^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A30^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A11^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A42^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A04^D4), 8);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A20^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A01^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A13^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A44^D4), 27);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A10^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A22^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A03^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A34^D4), 39);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A40^A30^A20^A10;
    C1 = A31^A21^A11^A01^A41;
    C2 = A12^A02^A42^A32^A22;
    C3 = A43^A33^A23^A13^A03;
    C4 = A24^A14^A04^A44^A34;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A21^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A42^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A13^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A34^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+2];
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A30^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A01^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A22^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A43^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A10^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A31^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A02^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A44^D4), 8);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A40^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A11^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A03^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A24^D4), 27);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A20^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A12^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A33^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A04^D4), 39);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    C0 = A00^A30^A10^A40^A20;
    C1 = A21^A01^A31^A11^A41;
    C2 = A42^A22^A02^A32^A12;
    C3 = A13^A43^A23^A03^A33;
    C4 = A34^A14^A44^A24^A04;
    D0 = C4^ROL64(C1, 1);
    D1 = C0^ROL64(C2, 1);
    D2 = C1^ROL64(C3, 1);
    D3 = C2^ROL64(C4, 1);
    D4 = C3^ROL64(C0, 1);

    B0 = (A00^D0);
    B1 = ROL64((A01^D1), 44);
    B2 = ROL64((A02^D2), 43);
    B3 = ROL64((A03^D3), 21);
    B4 = ROL64((A04^D4), 14);
    A00 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A00 ^= RC[i+3];
    A01 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A02 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A03 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A04 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B2 = ROL64((A10^D0), 3);
    B3 = ROL64((A11^D1), 45);
    B4 = ROL64((A12^D2), 61);
    B0 = ROL64((A13^D3), 28);
    B1 = ROL64((A14^D4), 20);
    A10 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A11 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A12 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A13 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A14 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B4 = ROL64((A20^D0), 18);
    B0 = ROL64((A21^D1), 1);
    B1 = ROL64((A22^D2), 6);
    B2 = ROL64((A23^D3), 25);
    B3 = ROL64((A24^D4), 8);
    A20 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A21 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A22 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A23 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A24 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B1 = ROL64((A30^D0), 36);
    B2 = ROL64((A31^D1), 10);
    B3 = ROL64((A32^D2), 15);
    B4 = ROL64((A33^D3), 56);
    B0 = ROL64((A34^D4), 27);
    A30 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A31 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A32 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A33 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A34 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );

    B3 = ROL64((A40^D0), 41);
    B4 = ROL64((A41^D1), 2);
    B0 = ROL64((A42^D2), 62);
    B1 = ROL64((A43^D3), 55);
    B2 = ROL64((A44^D4), 39);
    A40 =   B0 ^((~B1)&  B2 );
    A41 =   B1 ^((~B2)&  B3 );
    A42 =   B2 ^((~B3)&  B4 );
    A43 =   B3 ^((~B4)&  B0 );
    A44 =   B4 ^((~B0)&  B1 );
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a new hash.  iSize determines the size of the hash
** in bits and should be one of 224, 256, 384, or 512.  Or iSize
** can be zero to use the default hash size of 256 bits.
*/
static void SHA3Init(SHA3Context *p, int iSize){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( iSize>=128 && iSize<=512 ){
    p->nRate = (1600 - ((iSize + 31)&~31)*2)/8;
  }else{
    p->nRate = (1600 - 2*256)/8;
  }
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
  /* Known to be little-endian at compile-time. No-op */
#elif SHA3_BYTEORDER==4321
  p->ixMask = 7;  /* Big-endian */
#else
  {
    static unsigned int one = 1;
    if( 1==*(unsigned char*)&one ){
      /* Little endian.  No byte swapping. */
      p->ixMask = 0;
    }else{
      /* Big endian.  Byte swap. */
      p->ixMask = 7;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Make consecutive calls to the SHA3Update function to add new content
** to the hash
*/
static void SHA3Update(
  SHA3Context *p,
  const unsigned char *aData,
  unsigned int nData
){
  unsigned int i = 0;
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
  if( (p->nLoaded % 8)==0 && ((aData - (const unsigned char*)0)&7)==0 ){
    for(; i+7<nData; i+=8){
      p->u.s[p->nLoaded/8] ^= *(u64*)&aData[i];
      p->nLoaded += 8;
      if( p->nLoaded>=p->nRate ){
        KeccakF1600Step(p);
        p->nLoaded = 0;
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  for(; i<nData; i++){
#if SHA3_BYTEORDER==1234
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded] ^= aData[i];
#elif SHA3_BYTEORDER==4321
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded^0x07] ^= aData[i];
#else
    p->u.x[p->nLoaded^p->ixMask] ^= aData[i];
#endif
    p->nLoaded++;
    if( p->nLoaded==p->nRate ){
      KeccakF1600Step(p);
      p->nLoaded = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
** After all content has been added, invoke SHA3Final() to compute
** the final hash.  The function returns a pointer to the binary
** hash value.
*/
static unsigned char *SHA3Final(SHA3Context *p){
  unsigned int i;
  if( p->nLoaded==p->nRate-1 ){
    const unsigned char c1 = 0x86;
    SHA3Update(p, &c1, 1);
  }else{
    const unsigned char c2 = 0x06;
    const unsigned char c3 = 0x80;
    SHA3Update(p, &c2, 1);
    p->nLoaded = p->nRate - 1;
    SHA3Update(p, &c3, 1);
  }
  for(i=0; i<p->nRate; i++){
    p->u.x[i+p->nRate] = p->u.x[i^p->ixMask];
  }
  return &p->u.x[p->nRate];
}
/* End of the hashing logic
*****************************************************************************/

/*
** Implementation of the sha3(X,SIZE) function.
**
** Return a BLOB which is the SIZE-bit SHA3 hash of X.  The default
** size is 256.  If X is a BLOB, it is hashed as is.  
** For all other non-NULL types of input, X is converted into a UTF-8 string
** and the string is hashed without the trailing 0x00 terminator.  The hash
** of a NULL value is NULL.
*/
static void sha3Func(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  SHA3Context cx;
  int eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]);
  int nByte = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  int iSize;
  if( argc==1 ){
    iSize = 256;
  }else{
    iSize = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
    if( iSize!=224 && iSize!=256 && iSize!=384 && iSize!=512 ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "SHA3 size should be one of: 224 256 "
                                    "384 512", -1);
      return;
    }
  }
  if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  SHA3Init(&cx, iSize);
  if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
    SHA3Update(&cx, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), nByte);
  }else{
    SHA3Update(&cx, sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]), nByte);
  }
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, SHA3Final(&cx), iSize/8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

/* Compute a string using sqlite3_vsnprintf() with a maximum length
** of 50 bytes and add it to the hash.
*/
static void hash_step_vformat(
  SHA3Context *p,                 /* Add content to this context */
  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;
  int n;
  char zBuf[50];
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3_vsnprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,zFormat,ap);
  va_end(ap);
  n = (int)strlen(zBuf);
  SHA3Update(p, (unsigned char*)zBuf, n);
}

/*
** Implementation of the sha3_query(SQL,SIZE) function.
**
** This function compiles and runs the SQL statement(s) given in the
** argument. The results are hashed using a SIZE-bit SHA3.  The default
** size is 256.
**
** The format of the byte stream that is hashed is summarized as follows:
**
**       S<n>:<sql>
**       R
**       N
**       I<int>
**       F<ieee-float>
**       B<size>:<bytes>
**       T<size>:<text>
**
** <sql> is the original SQL text for each statement run and <n> is
** the size of that text.  The SQL text is UTF-8.  A single R character
** occurs before the start of each row.  N means a NULL value.
** I mean an 8-byte little-endian integer <int>.  F is a floating point
** number with an 8-byte little-endian IEEE floating point value <ieee-float>.
** B means blobs of <size> bytes.  T means text rendered as <size>
** bytes of UTF-8.  The <n> and <size> values are expressed as an ASCII
** text integers.
**
** For each SQL statement in the X input, there is one S segment.  Each
** S segment is followed by zero or more R segments, one for each row in the
** result set.  After each R, there are one or more N, I, F, B, or T segments,
** one for each column in the result set.  Segments are concatentated directly
** with no delimiters of any kind.
*/
static void sha3QueryFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the result set */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int rc;
  int n;
  const char *z;
  SHA3Context cx;
  int iSize;

  if( argc==1 ){
    iSize = 256;
  }else{
    iSize = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
    if( iSize!=224 && iSize!=256 && iSize!=384 && iSize!=512 ){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "SHA3 size should be one of: 224 256 "
                                    "384 512", -1);
      return;
    }
  }
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
  SHA3Init(&cx, iSize);
  while( zSql[0] ){
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, &zSql);
    if( rc ){
      char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error SQL statement [%s]: %s",
                                   zSql, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      sqlite3_result_error(context, zMsg, -1);
      sqlite3_free(zMsg);
      return;
    }
    if( !sqlite3_stmt_readonly(pStmt) ){
      char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("non-query: [%s]", sqlite3_sql(pStmt));
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      sqlite3_result_error(context, zMsg, -1);
      sqlite3_free(zMsg);
      return;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    z = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
    n = (int)strlen(z);
    hash_step_vformat(&cx,"S%d:",n);
    SHA3Update(&cx,(unsigned char*)z,n);

    /* Compute a hash over the result of the query */
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      SHA3Update(&cx,(const unsigned char*)"R",1);
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        switch( sqlite3_column_type(pStmt,i) ){
          case SQLITE_NULL: {
            SHA3Update(&cx, (const unsigned char*)"N",1);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
            sqlite3_uint64 u;
            int j;
            unsigned char x[9];
            sqlite3_int64 v = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt,i);
            memcpy(&u, &v, 8);
            for(j=8; j>=1; j--){
              x[j] = u & 0xff;
              u >>= 8;
            }
            x[0] = 'I';
            SHA3Update(&cx, x, 9);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
            sqlite3_uint64 u;
            int j;
            unsigned char x[9];
            double r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt,i);
            memcpy(&u, &r, 8);
            for(j=8; j>=1; j--){
              x[j] = u & 0xff;
              u >>= 8;
            }
            x[0] = 'F';
            SHA3Update(&cx,x,9);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_TEXT: {
            int n2 = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i);
            const unsigned char *z2 = sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
            hash_step_vformat(&cx,"T%d:",n2);
            SHA3Update(&cx, z2, n2);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_BLOB: {
            int n2 = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, i);
            const unsigned char *z2 = sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, i);
            hash_step_vformat(&cx,"B%d:",n2);
            SHA3Update(&cx, z2, n2);
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  }
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, SHA3Final(&cx), iSize/8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}


#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_shathree_init(
  sqlite3 *db,
  char **pzErrMsg,
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                               sha3Func, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3Func, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3_query", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3QueryFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "sha3_query", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 sha3QueryFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/shathree.c ********************/
/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/fileio.c ******************/
/*
** 2014-06-13
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements SQL functions readfile() and
** writefile().
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <stdio.h>

/*
** Implementation of the "readfile(X)" SQL function.  The entire content
** of the file named X is read and returned as a BLOB.  NULL is returned
** if the file does not exist or is unreadable.
*/
static void readfileFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName;
  FILE *in;
  long nIn;
  void *pBuf;

  (void)(argc);  /* Unused parameter */
  zName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  pBuf = sqlite3_malloc( nIn );
  if( pBuf && 1==fread(pBuf, nIn, 1, in) ){
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, pBuf, nIn, sqlite3_free);
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pBuf);
  }
  fclose(in);
}

/*
** Implementation of the "writefile(X,Y)" SQL function.  The argument Y
** is written into file X.  The number of bytes written is returned.  Or
** NULL is returned if something goes wrong, such as being unable to open
** file X for writing.
*/
static void writefileFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  FILE *out;
  const char *z;
  sqlite3_int64 rc;
  const char *zFile;

  (void)(argc);  /* Unused parameter */
  zFile = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFile==0 ) return;
  out = fopen(zFile, "wb");
  if( out==0 ) return;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
  if( z==0 ){
    rc = 0;
  }else{
    rc = fwrite(z, 1, sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]), out);
  }
  fclose(out);
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, rc);
}


#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_fileio_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "readfile", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                               readfileFunc, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "writefile", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 writefileFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/fileio.c ********************/
/************************* Begin ../ext/misc/completion.c ******************/
/*
** 2017-07-10
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file implements an eponymous virtual table that returns suggested
** completions for a partial SQL input.
**
** Suggested usage:
**
**     SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase
**       FROM completion($prefix,$wholeline)
**      ORDER BY 1;
**
** The two query parameters are optional.  $prefix is the text of the
** current word being typed and that is to be completed.  $wholeline is
** the complete input line, used for context.
**
** The raw completion() table might return the same candidate multiple
** times, for example if the same column name is used to two or more
** tables.  And the candidates are returned in an arbitrary order.  Hence,
** the DISTINCT and ORDER BY are recommended.
**
** This virtual table operates at the speed of human typing, and so there
** is no attempt to make it fast.  Even a slow implementation will be much
** faster than any human can type.
**
*/
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

/* completion_vtab is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a completion virtual table
*/
typedef struct completion_vtab completion_vtab;
struct completion_vtab {
  sqlite3_vtab base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* Database connection for this completion vtab */
};

/* completion_cursor is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab_cursor which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a cursor that scans
** over rows of the result
*/
typedef struct completion_cursor completion_cursor;
struct completion_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection for this cursor */
  int nPrefix, nLine;        /* Number of bytes in zPrefix and zLine */
  char *zPrefix;             /* The prefix for the word we want to complete */
  char *zLine;               /* The whole that we want to complete */
  const char *zCurrentRow;   /* Current output row */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;       /* Current statement */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;      /* The rowid */
  int ePhase;                /* Current phase */
  int j;                     /* inter-phase counter */
};

/* Values for ePhase:
*/
#define COMPLETION_FIRST_PHASE   1
#define COMPLETION_KEYWORDS      1
#define COMPLETION_PRAGMAS       2
#define COMPLETION_FUNCTIONS     3
#define COMPLETION_COLLATIONS    4
#define COMPLETION_INDEXES       5
#define COMPLETION_TRIGGERS      6
#define COMPLETION_DATABASES     7
#define COMPLETION_TABLES        8
#define COMPLETION_COLUMNS       9
#define COMPLETION_MODULES       10
#define COMPLETION_EOF           11

/*
** The completionConnect() method is invoked to create a new
** completion_vtab that describes the completion virtual table.
**
** Think of this routine as the constructor for completion_vtab objects.
**
** All this routine needs to do is:
**
**    (1) Allocate the completion_vtab object and initialize all fields.
**
**    (2) Tell SQLite (via the sqlite3_declare_vtab() interface) what the
**        result set of queries against completion will look like.
*/
static int completionConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  completion_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

  (void)(pAux);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argc);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argv);    /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(pzErr);   /* Unused parameter */

/* Column numbers */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE 0  /* Suggested completion of the input */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX    1  /* Prefix of the word to be completed */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE 2  /* Entire line seen so far */
#define COMPLETION_COLUMN_PHASE     3  /* ePhase - used for debugging only */

  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db,
      "CREATE TABLE x("
      "  candidate TEXT,"
      "  prefix TEXT HIDDEN,"
      "  wholeline TEXT HIDDEN,"
      "  phase INT HIDDEN"        /* Used for debugging only */
      ")");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pNew;
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
    pNew->db = db;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This method is the destructor for completion_cursor objects.
*/
static int completionDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Constructor for a new completion_cursor object.
*/
static int completionOpen(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  completion_cursor *pCur;
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  pCur->db = ((completion_vtab*)p)->db;
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Reset the completion_cursor.
*/
static void completionCursorReset(completion_cursor *pCur){
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zPrefix);   pCur->zPrefix = 0;  pCur->nPrefix = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zLine);     pCur->zLine = 0;    pCur->nLine = 0;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt); pCur->pStmt = 0;
  pCur->j = 0;
}

/*
** Destructor for a completion_cursor.
*/
static int completionClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completionCursorReset((completion_cursor*)cur);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** All SQL keywords understood by SQLite
*/
static const char *completionKwrds[] = {
  "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
  "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
  "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
  "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
  "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
  "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
  "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
  "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
  "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
  "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
  "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
  "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
  "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
  "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
  "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
  "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
  "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
  "WITH", "WITHOUT",
};
#define completionKwCount \
   (int)(sizeof(completionKwrds)/sizeof(completionKwrds[0]))

/*
** Advance a completion_cursor to its next row of output.
**
** The ->ePhase, ->j, and ->pStmt fields of the completion_cursor object
** record the current state of the scan.  This routine sets ->zCurrentRow
** to the current row of output and then returns.  If no more rows remain,
** then ->ePhase is set to COMPLETION_EOF which will signal the virtual
** table that has reached the end of its scan.
**
** The current implementation just lists potential identifiers and
** keywords and filters them by zPrefix.  Future enhancements should
** take zLine into account to try to restrict the set of identifiers and
** keywords based on what would be legal at the current point of input.
*/
static int completionNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  int eNextPhase = 0;  /* Next phase to try if current phase reaches end */
  int iCol = -1;       /* If >=0, step pCur->pStmt and use the i-th column */
  pCur->iRowid++;
  while( pCur->ePhase!=COMPLETION_EOF ){
    switch( pCur->ePhase ){
      case COMPLETION_KEYWORDS: {
        if( pCur->j >= completionKwCount ){
          pCur->zCurrentRow = 0;
          pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_DATABASES;
        }else{
          pCur->zCurrentRow = completionKwrds[pCur->j++];
        }
        iCol = -1;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_DATABASES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1,
                             &pCur->pStmt, 0);
        }
        iCol = 1;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_TABLES;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_TABLES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_stmt *pS2;
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
               " WHERE type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
          sqlite3_free(zSql);
        }
        iCol = 0;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_COLUMNS;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_COLUMNS: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_stmt *pS2;
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT pti.name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master AS sm"
                       " JOIN pragma_table_info(sm.name,%Q) AS pti"
               " WHERE sm.type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
          sqlite3_free(zSql);
        }
        iCol = 0;
        eNextPhase = COMPLETION_EOF;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( iCol<0 ){
      /* This case is when the phase presets zCurrentRow */
      if( pCur->zCurrentRow==0 ) continue;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3_step(pCur->pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        /* Extract the next row of content */
        pCur->zCurrentRow = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pCur->pStmt, iCol);
      }else{
        /* When all rows are finished, advance to the next phase */
        sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt);
        pCur->pStmt = 0;
        pCur->ePhase = eNextPhase;
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( pCur->nPrefix==0 ) break;
    if( sqlite3_strnicmp(pCur->zPrefix, pCur->zCurrentRow, pCur->nPrefix)==0 ){
      break;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return values of columns for the row at which the completion_cursor
** is currently pointing.
*/
static int completionColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zCurrentRow, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zPrefix, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zLine, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PHASE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCur->ePhase);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the rowid for the current row.  In this implementation, the
** rowid is the same as the output value.
*/
static int completionRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = pCur->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor has been moved off of the last
** row of output.
*/
static int completionEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  return pCur->ePhase >= COMPLETION_EOF;
}

/*
** This method is called to "rewind" the completion_cursor object back
** to the first row of output.  This method is always called at least
** once prior to any call to completionColumn() or completionRowid() or 
** completionEof().
*/
static int completionFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor *)pVtabCursor;
  int iArg = 0;
  (void)(idxStr);   /* Unused parameter */
  (void)(argc);     /* Unused parameter */
  completionCursorReset(pCur);
  if( idxNum & 1 ){
    pCur->nPrefix = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( idxNum & 2 ){
    pCur->nLine = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nLine>0 ){
      pCur->zLine = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zLine==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( pCur->zLine!=0 && pCur->zPrefix==0 ){
    int i = pCur->nLine;
    while( i>0 && (isalnum(pCur->zLine[i-1]) || pCur->zLine[i-1]=='_') ){
      i--;
    }
    pCur->nPrefix = pCur->nLine - i;
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%.*s", pCur->nPrefix, pCur->zLine + i);
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  pCur->iRowid = 0;
  pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_FIRST_PHASE;
  return completionNext(pVtabCursor);
}

/*
** SQLite will invoke this method one or more times while planning a query
** that uses the completion virtual table.  This routine needs to create
** a query plan for each invocation and compute an estimated cost for that
** plan.
**
** There are two hidden parameters that act as arguments to the table-valued
** function:  "prefix" and "wholeline".  Bit 0 of idxNum is set if "prefix"
** is available and bit 1 is set if "wholeline" is available.
*/
static int completionBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;                 /* Loop over constraints */
  int idxNum = 0;        /* The query plan bitmask */
  int prefixIdx = -1;    /* Index of the start= constraint, or -1 if none */
  int wholelineIdx = -1; /* Index of the stop= constraint, or -1 if none */
  int nArg = 0;          /* Number of arguments that completeFilter() expects */
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;

  (void)(tab);    /* Unused parameter */
  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( pConstraint->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    switch( pConstraint->iColumn ){
      case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX:
        prefixIdx = i;
        idxNum |= 1;
        break;
      case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE:
        wholelineIdx = i;
        idxNum |= 2;
        break;
    }
  }
  if( prefixIdx>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[prefixIdx].argvIndex = ++nArg;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[prefixIdx].omit = 1;
  }
  if( wholelineIdx>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[wholelineIdx].argvIndex = ++nArg;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[wholelineIdx].omit = 1;
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = idxNum;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)5000 - 1000*nArg;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 500 - 100*nArg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This following structure defines all the methods for the 
** completion virtual table.
*/
static sqlite3_module completionModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  completionConnect,         /* xConnect */
  completionBestIndex,       /* xBestIndex */
  completionDisconnect,      /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  completionOpen,            /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  completionClose,           /* xClose - close a cursor */
  completionFilter,          /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  completionNext,            /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  completionEof,             /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  completionColumn,          /* xColumn - read data */
  completionRowid,           /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

int sqlite3CompletionVtabInit(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "completion", &completionModule, 0);
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef _WIN32

#endif
int sqlite3_completion_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)(pzErrMsg);  /* Unused parameter */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3CompletionVtabInit(db);
#endif
  return rc;
}

/************************* End ../ext/misc/completion.c ********************/

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** State information for a single open session
*/
typedef struct OpenSession OpenSession;
struct OpenSession {
  char *zName;             /* Symbolic name for this session */
  int nFilter;             /* Number of xFilter rejection GLOB patterns */
  char **azFilter;         /* Array of xFilter rejection GLOB patterns */
  sqlite3_session *p;      /* The open session */
};
#endif

/*
** Shell output mode information from before ".explain on",
** saved so that it can be restored by ".explain off"
*/
typedef struct SavedModeInfo SavedModeInfo;
struct SavedModeInfo {
  int valid;          /* Is there legit data in here? */
  int mode;           /* Mode prior to ".explain on" */
  int showHeader;     /* The ".header" setting prior to ".explain on" */
  int colWidth[100];  /* Column widths prior to ".explain on" */
};

/*
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int autoExplain;       /* Automatically turn on .explain mode */
  int autoEQP;           /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int scanstatsOn;       /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int cMode;             /* temporary output mode for the current query */
  int normalMode;        /* Output mode before ".explain on" */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  int nCheck;            /* Number of ".check" commands run */
  unsigned shellFlgs;    /* Various flags */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char zTestcase[30];    /* Name of current test case */
  char colSeparator[20]; /* Column separator character for several modes */
  char rowSeparator[20]; /* Row separator character for MODE_Ascii */
  int colWidth[100];     /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
  int actualWidth[100];  /* Actual width of each column */
  char nullValue[20];    /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
                         ** the database */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
  int nIndent;           /* Size of array aiIndent[] */
  int iIndent;           /* Index of current op in aiIndent[] */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  int nSession;             /* Number of active sessions */
  OpenSession aSession[4];  /* Array of sessions.  [0] is in focus. */
#endif
};

/*
** These are the allowed shellFlgs values
*/
#define SHFLG_Pagecache      0x00000001 /* The --pagecache option is used */
#define SHFLG_Lookaside      0x00000002 /* Lookaside memory is used */
#define SHFLG_Backslash      0x00000004 /* The --backslash option is used */
#define SHFLG_PreserveRowid  0x00000008 /* .dump preserves rowid values */
#define SHFLG_Newlines       0x00000010 /* .dump --newline flag */
#define SHFLG_CountChanges   0x00000020 /* .changes setting */
#define SHFLG_Echo           0x00000040 /* .echo or --echo setting */

/*
** Macros for testing and setting shellFlgs
*/
#define ShellHasFlag(P,X)    (((P)->shellFlgs & (X))!=0)
#define ShellSetFlag(P,X)    ((P)->shellFlgs|=(X))
#define ShellClearFlag(P,X)  ((P)->shellFlgs&=(~(X)))

/*
** These are the allowed modes.
*/
#define MODE_Line     0  /* One column per line.  Blank line between records */
#define MODE_Column   1  /* One record per line in neat columns */
#define MODE_List     2  /* One record per line with a separator */
#define MODE_Semi     3  /* Same as MODE_List but append ";" to each line */
#define MODE_Html     4  /* Generate an XHTML table */
#define MODE_Insert   5  /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
#define MODE_Quote    6  /* Quote values as for SQL */
#define MODE_Tcl      7  /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
#define MODE_Csv      8  /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
#define MODE_Explain  9  /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */
#define MODE_Ascii   10  /* Use ASCII unit and record separators (0x1F/0x1E) */
#define MODE_Pretty  11  /* Pretty-print schemas */

static const char *modeDescr[] = {
  "line",
  "column",
  "list",
  "semi",
  "html",
  "insert",
  "quote",
  "tcl",
  "csv",
  "explain",
  "ascii",
  "prettyprint",
};

/*
** These are the column/row/line separators used by the various
** import/export modes.
*/
#define SEP_Column    "|"
#define SEP_Row       "\n"
#define SEP_Tab       "\t"
#define SEP_Space     " "
#define SEP_Comma     ","
#define SEP_CrLf      "\r\n"
#define SEP_Unit      "\x1F"
#define SEP_Record    "\x1E"

/*
** Number of elements in an array
*/
#define ArraySize(X)  (int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))

/*
** A callback for the sqlite3_log() interface.
*/
static void shellLog(void *pArg, int iErrCode, const char *zMsg){
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;
  if( p->pLog==0 ) return;
  utf8_printf(p->pLog, "(%d) %s\n", iErrCode, zMsg);
  fflush(p->pLog);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a hex-encoded blob (eg. X'1234' )
*/
static void output_hex_blob(FILE *out, const void *pBlob, int nBlob){
  int i;
  char *zBlob = (char *)pBlob;
  raw_printf(out,"X'");
  for(i=0; i<nBlob; i++){ raw_printf(out,"%02x",zBlob[i]&0xff); }
  raw_printf(out,"'");
}

/*
** Find a string that is not found anywhere in z[].  Return a pointer
** to that string.
**
** Try to use zA and zB first.  If both of those are already found in z[]
** then make up some string and store it in the buffer zBuf.
*/
static const char *unused_string(
  const char *z,                    /* Result must not appear anywhere in z */
  const char *zA, const char *zB,   /* Try these first */
  char *zBuf                        /* Space to store a generated string */
){
  unsigned i = 0;
  if( strstr(z, zA)==0 ) return zA;
  if( strstr(z, zB)==0 ) return zB;
  do{
    sqlite3_snprintf(20,zBuf,"(%s%u)", zA, i++);
  }while( strstr(z,zBuf)!=0 );
  return zBuf;
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
**
** See also: output_quoted_escaped_string()
*/
static void output_quoted_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  char c;
  setBinaryMode(out, 1);
  for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\''; i++){}
  if( c==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"'%s'",z);
  }else{
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    while( *z ){
      for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\''; i++){}
      if( c=='\'' ) i++;
      if( i ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%.*s", i, z);
        z += i;
      }
      if( c=='\'' ){
        raw_printf(out, "'");
        continue;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        break;
      }
      z++;
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
  }
  setTextMode(out, 1);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
** Additionallly , escape the "\n" and "\r" characters so that they do not
** get corrupted by end-of-line translation facilities in some operating
** systems.
**
** This is like output_quoted_string() but with the addition of the \r\n
** escape mechanism.
*/
static void output_quoted_escaped_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  char c;
  setBinaryMode(out, 1);
  for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\'' && c!='\n' && c!='\r'; i++){}
  if( c==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"'%s'",z);
  }else{
    const char *zNL = 0;
    const char *zCR = 0;
    int nNL = 0;
    int nCR = 0;
    char zBuf1[20], zBuf2[20];
    for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( z[i]=='\n' ) nNL++;
      if( z[i]=='\r' ) nCR++;
    }
    if( nNL ){
      raw_printf(out, "replace(");
      zNL = unused_string(z, "\\n", "\\012", zBuf1);
    }
    if( nCR ){
      raw_printf(out, "replace(");
      zCR = unused_string(z, "\\r", "\\015", zBuf2);
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    while( *z ){
      for(i=0; (c = z[i])!=0 && c!='\n' && c!='\r' && c!='\''; i++){}
      if( c=='\'' ) i++;
      if( i ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%.*s", i, z);
        z += i;
      }
      if( c=='\'' ){
        raw_printf(out, "'");
        continue;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        break;
      }
      z++;
      if( c=='\n' ){
        raw_printf(out, "%s", zNL);
        continue;
      }
      raw_printf(out, "%s", zCR);
    }
    raw_printf(out, "'");
    if( nCR ){
      raw_printf(out, ",'%s',char(13))", zCR);
    }
    if( nNL ){
      raw_printf(out, ",'%s',char(10))", zNL);
    }
  }
  setTextMode(out, 1);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted according to C or TCL quoting rules.
*/
static void output_c_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  unsigned int c;
  fputc('"', out);
  while( (c = *(z++))!=0 ){
    if( c=='\\' ){
      fputc(c, out);
      fputc(c, out);
    }else if( c=='"' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('"', out);
    }else if( c=='\t' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('t', out);
    }else if( c=='\n' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('n', out);
    }else if( c=='\r' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('r', out);
    }else if( !isprint(c&0xff) ){
      raw_printf(out, "\\%03o", c&0xff);
    }else{
      fputc(c, out);
    }
  }
  fputc('"', out);
}

/*
** Output the given string with characters that are special to
** HTML escaped.
*/
static void output_html_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
  while( *z ){
    for(i=0;   z[i]
            && z[i]!='<'
            && z[i]!='&'
            && z[i]!='>'
            && z[i]!='\"'
            && z[i]!='\'';
        i++){}
    if( i>0 ){
      utf8_printf(out,"%.*s",i,z);
    }
    if( z[i]=='<' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&lt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='&' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&amp;");
    }else if( z[i]=='>' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&gt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\"' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&quot;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\'' ){
      raw_printf(out,"&#39;");
    }else{
      break;
    }
    z += i + 1;
  }
}

/*
** If a field contains any character identified by a 1 in the following
** array, then the string must be quoted for CSV.
*/
static const char needCsvQuote[] = {
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
};

/*
** Output a single term of CSV.  Actually, p->colSeparator is used for
** the separator, which may or may not be a comma.  p->nullValue is
** the null value.  Strings are quoted if necessary.  The separator
** is only issued if bSep is true.
*/
static void output_csv(ShellState *p, const char *z, int bSep){
  FILE *out = p->out;
  if( z==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out,"%s",p->nullValue);
  }else{
    int i;
    int nSep = strlen30(p->colSeparator);
    for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( needCsvQuote[((unsigned char*)z)[i]]
         || (z[i]==p->colSeparator[0] &&
             (nSep==1 || memcmp(z, p->colSeparator, nSep)==0)) ){
        i = 0;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i==0 ){
      putc('"', out);
      for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
        if( z[i]=='"' ) putc('"', out);
        putc(z[i], out);
      }
      putc('"', out);
    }else{
      utf8_printf(out, "%s", z);
    }
  }
  if( bSep ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
  }
}

#ifdef SIGINT
/*
** This routine runs when the user presses Ctrl-C
*/
static void interrupt_handler(int NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  seenInterrupt++;
  if( seenInterrupt>2 ) exit(1);
  if( globalDb ) sqlite3_interrupt(globalDb);
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
/*
** When the ".auth ON" is set, the following authorizer callback is
** invoked.  It always returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int shellAuth(
  void *pClientData,
  int op,
  const char *zA1,
  const char *zA2,
  const char *zA3,
  const char *zA4
){
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pClientData;
  static const char *azAction[] = { 0,
     "CREATE_INDEX",         "CREATE_TABLE",         "CREATE_TEMP_INDEX",
     "CREATE_TEMP_TABLE",    "CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER",  "CREATE_TEMP_VIEW",
     "CREATE_TRIGGER",       "CREATE_VIEW",          "DELETE",
     "DROP_INDEX",           "DROP_TABLE",           "DROP_TEMP_INDEX",
     "DROP_TEMP_TABLE",      "DROP_TEMP_TRIGGER",    "DROP_TEMP_VIEW",
     "DROP_TRIGGER",         "DROP_VIEW",            "INSERT",
     "PRAGMA",               "READ",                 "SELECT",
     "TRANSACTION",          "UPDATE",               "ATTACH",
     "DETACH",               "ALTER_TABLE",          "REINDEX",
     "ANALYZE",              "CREATE_VTABLE",        "DROP_VTABLE",
     "FUNCTION",             "SAVEPOINT",            "RECURSIVE"
  };
  int i;
  const char *az[4];
  az[0] = zA1;
  az[1] = zA2;
  az[2] = zA3;
  az[3] = zA4;
  utf8_printf(p->out, "authorizer: %s", azAction[op]);
  for(i=0; i<4; i++){
    raw_printf(p->out, " ");
    if( az[i] ){
      output_c_string(p->out, az[i]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "NULL");
    }
  }
  raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Print a schema statement.  Part of MODE_Semi and MODE_Pretty output.
**
** This routine converts some CREATE TABLE statements for shadow tables
** in FTS3/4/5 into CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS statements.
*/
static void printSchemaLine(FILE *out, const char *z, const char *zTail){
  if( sqlite3_strglob("CREATE TABLE ['\"]*", z)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(out, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s%s", z+13, zTail);
  }else{
    utf8_printf(out, "%s%s", z, zTail);
  }
}
static void printSchemaLineN(FILE *out, char *z, int n, const char *zTail){
  char c = z[n];
  z[n] = 0;
  printSchemaLine(out, z, zTail);
  z[n] = c;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the shell
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int shell_callback(
  void *pArg,
  int nArg,        /* Number of result columns */
  char **azArg,    /* Text of each result column */
  char **azCol,    /* Column names */
  int *aiType      /* Column types */
){
  int i;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;

  if( azArg==0 ) return 0;
  switch( p->cMode ){
    case MODE_Line: {
      int w = 5;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int len = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        if( len>w ) w = len;
      }
      if( p->cnt++>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%*s = %s%s", w, azCol[i],
                azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue, p->rowSeparator);
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Explain:
    case MODE_Column: {
      static const int aExplainWidths[] = {4, 13, 4, 4, 4, 13, 2, 13};
      const int *colWidth;
      int showHdr;
      char *rowSep;
      if( p->cMode==MODE_Column ){
        colWidth = p->colWidth;
        showHdr = p->showHeader;
        rowSep = p->rowSeparator;
      }else{
        colWidth = aExplainWidths;
        showHdr = 1;
        rowSep = SEP_Row;
      }
      if( p->cnt++==0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          int w, n;
          if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
            w = colWidth[i];
          }else{
            w = 0;
          }
          if( w==0 ){
            w = strlenChar(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
            if( w<10 ) w = 10;
            n = strlenChar(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
            if( w<n ) w = n;
          }
          if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
            p->actualWidth[i] = w;
          }
          if( showHdr ){
            utf8_width_print(p->out, w, azCol[i]);
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
          }
        }
        if( showHdr ){
          for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
            int w;
            if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
               w = p->actualWidth[i];
               if( w<0 ) w = -w;
            }else{
               w = 10;
            }
            utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
                   "----------------------------------------------------------"
                   "----------------------------------------------------------",
                    i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
          }
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->cMode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlenChar(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlenChar(azArg[i]);
        }
        if( i==1 && p->aiIndent && p->pStmt ){
          if( p->iIndent<p->nIndent ){
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%*.s", p->aiIndent[p->iIndent], "");
          }
          p->iIndent++;
        }
        utf8_width_print(p->out, w, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Semi: {   /* .schema and .fullschema output */
      printSchemaLine(p->out, azArg[0], ";\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Pretty: {  /* .schema and .fullschema with --indent */
      char *z;
      int j;
      int nParen = 0;
      char cEnd = 0;
      char c;
      int nLine = 0;
      assert( nArg==1 );
      if( azArg[0]==0 ) break;
      if( sqlite3_strlike("CREATE VIEW%", azArg[0], 0)==0
       || sqlite3_strlike("CREATE TRIG%", azArg[0], 0)==0
      ){
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s;\n", azArg[0]);
        break;
      }
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azArg[0]);
      j = 0;
      for(i=0; IsSpace(z[i]); i++){}
      for(; (c = z[i])!=0; i++){
        if( IsSpace(c) ){
          if( IsSpace(z[j-1]) || z[j-1]=='(' ) continue;
        }else if( (c=='(' || c==')') && j>0 && IsSpace(z[j-1]) ){
          j--;
        }
        z[j++] = c;
      }
      while( j>0 && IsSpace(z[j-1]) ){ j--; }
      z[j] = 0;
      if( strlen30(z)>=79 ){
        for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++){
          if( c==cEnd ){
            cEnd = 0;
          }else if( c=='"' || c=='\'' || c=='`' ){
            cEnd = c;
          }else if( c=='[' ){
            cEnd = ']';
          }else if( c=='(' ){
            nParen++;
          }else if( c==')' ){
            nParen--;
            if( nLine>0 && nParen==0 && j>0 ){
              printSchemaLineN(p->out, z, j, "\n");
              j = 0;
            }
          }
          z[j++] = c;
          if( nParen==1 && (c=='(' || c==',' || c=='\n') ){
            if( c=='\n' ) j--;
            printSchemaLineN(p->out, z, j, "\n  ");
            j = 0;
            nLine++;
            while( IsSpace(z[i+1]) ){ i++; }
          }
        }
        z[j] = 0;
      }
      printSchemaLine(p->out, z, ";\n");
      sqlite3_free(z);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_List: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s%s",azCol[i],
                  i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : p->colSeparator);
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        char *z = azArg[i];
        if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        if( i<nArg-1 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Html: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        raw_printf(p->out,"<TR>");
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          raw_printf(p->out,"<TH>");
          output_html_string(p->out, azCol[i]);
          raw_printf(p->out,"</TH>\n");
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      raw_printf(p->out,"<TR>");
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        raw_printf(p->out,"<TD>");
        output_html_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        raw_printf(p->out,"</TD>\n");
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Tcl: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_c_string(p->out,azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
          if(i<nArg-1) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        output_c_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
        if(i<nArg-1) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Csv: {
      setBinaryMode(p->out, 1);
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( nArg>0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      setTextMode(p->out, 1);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Insert: {
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      utf8_printf(p->out,"INSERT INTO %s",p->zDestTable);
      if( p->showHeader ){
        raw_printf(p->out,"(");
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
          if( quoteChar(azCol[i]) ){
            char *z = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\"", azCol[i]);
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
            sqlite3_free(z);
          }else{
            raw_printf(p->out, "%s", azCol[i]);
          }
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,")");
      }
      p->cnt++;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        raw_printf(p->out, i>0 ? "," : " VALUES(");
        if( (azArg[i]==0) || (aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_NULL) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"NULL");
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_TEXT ){
          if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines) ){
            output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
          }else{
            output_quoted_escaped_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
          }
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
          char z[50];
          double r = sqlite3_column_double(p->pStmt, i);
          sqlite3_snprintf(50,z,"%!.20g", r);
          raw_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_BLOB && p->pStmt ){
          const void *pBlob = sqlite3_column_blob(p->pStmt, i);
          int nBlob = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i);
          output_hex_blob(p->out, pBlob, nBlob);
        }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines) ){
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }else{
          output_quoted_escaped_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,");\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Quote: {
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      if( p->cnt==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azCol[i]);
        }
        raw_printf(p->out,"\n");
      }
      p->cnt++;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) raw_printf(p->out, ",");
        if( (azArg[i]==0) || (aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_NULL) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"NULL");
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_TEXT ){
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
          char z[50];
          double r = sqlite3_column_double(p->pStmt, i);
          sqlite3_snprintf(50,z,"%!.20g", r);
          raw_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_BLOB && p->pStmt ){
          const void *pBlob = sqlite3_column_blob(p->pStmt, i);
          int nBlob = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i);
          output_hex_blob(p->out, pBlob, nBlob);
        }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s", azArg[i]);
        }else{
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }
      }
      raw_printf(p->out,"\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Ascii: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        }
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
  /* since we don't have type info, call the shell_callback with a NULL value */
  return shell_callback(pArg, nArg, azArg, azCol, NULL);
}

/*
** This is the callback routine from sqlite3_exec() that appends all
** output onto the end of a ShellText object.
*/
static int captureOutputCallback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **az){
  ShellText *p = (ShellText*)pArg;
  int i;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(az);
  if( azArg==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->n ) appendText(p, "|", 0);
  for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
    if( i ) appendText(p, ",", 0);
    if( azArg[i] ) appendText(p, azArg[i], 0);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate an appropriate SELFTEST table in the main database.
*/
static void createSelftestTable(ShellState *p){
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3_exec(p->db,
    "SAVEPOINT selftest_init;\n"
    "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS selftest(\n"
    "  tno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,\n"   /* Test number */
    "  op TEXT,\n"                   /* Operator:  memo run */
    "  cmd TEXT,\n"                  /* Command text */
    "  ans TEXT\n"                   /* Desired answer */
    ");"
    "CREATE TEMP TABLE [_shell$self](op,cmd,ans);\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self](rowid,op,cmd)\n"
    "  VALUES(coalesce((SELECT (max(tno)+100)/10 FROM selftest),10),\n"
    "         'memo','Tests generated by --init');\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',\n"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                                 "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query('SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                          "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2',224));\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT * FROM \"' ||"
    "        printf('%w',name) || '\" NOT INDEXED'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query(printf('SELECT * FROM \"%w\" NOT INDEXED',name),224))\n"
    "  FROM (\n"
    "    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master\n"
    "     WHERE type='table'\n"
    "       AND name<>'selftest'\n"
    "       AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>0\n"
    "  )\n"
    " ORDER BY name;\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  VALUES('run','PRAGMA integrity_check','ok');\n"
    "INSERT INTO selftest(tno,op,cmd,ans)"
    "  SELECT rowid*10,op,cmd,ans FROM [_shell$self];\n"
    "DROP TABLE [_shell$self];"
    ,0,0,&zErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "SELFTEST initialization failure: %s\n", zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
  }
  sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE selftest_init",0,0,0);
}


/*
** Set the destination table field of the ShellState structure to
** the name of the table given.  Escape any quote characters in the
** table name.
*/
static void set_table_name(ShellState *p, const char *zName){
  int i, n;
  char cQuote;
  char *z;

  if( p->zDestTable ){
    free(p->zDestTable);
    p->zDestTable = 0;
  }
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  cQuote = quoteChar(zName);
  n = strlen30(zName);
  if( cQuote ) n += n+2;
  z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
  if( z==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  n = 0;
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    z[n++] = zName[i];
    if( zName[i]==cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  }
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  z[n] = 0;
}


/*
** Execute a query statement that will generate SQL output.  Print
** the result columns, comma-separated, on a line and then add a
** semicolon terminator to the end of that line.
**
** If the number of columns is 1 and that column contains text "--"
** then write the semicolon on a separate line.  That way, if a
** "--" comment occurs at the end of the statement, the comment
** won't consume the semicolon terminator.
*/
static int run_table_dump_query(
  ShellState *p,           /* Query context */
  const char *zSelect,     /* SELECT statement to extract content */
  const char *zFirstRow    /* Print before first row, if not NULL */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
  while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( zFirstRow ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", zFirstRow);
      zFirstRow = 0;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, 0);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
    for(i=1; i<nResult; i++){
      utf8_printf(p->out, ",%s", sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i));
    }
    if( z==0 ) z = "";
    while( z[0] && (z[0]!='-' || z[1]!='-') ) z++;
    if( z[0] ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n;\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, ";\n");
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate space and save off current error string.
*/
static char *save_err_msg(
  sqlite3 *db            /* Database to query */
){
  int nErrMsg = 1+strlen30(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  char *zErrMsg = sqlite3_malloc64(nErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    memcpy(zErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
  }
  return zErrMsg;
}

#ifdef __linux__
/*
** Attempt to display I/O stats on Linux using /proc/PID/io
*/
static void displayLinuxIoStats(FILE *out){
  FILE *in;
  char z[200];
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z), z, "/proc/%d/io", getpid());
  in = fopen(z, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  while( fgets(z, sizeof(z), in)!=0 ){
    static const struct {
      const char *zPattern;
      const char *zDesc;
    } aTrans[] = {
      { "rchar: ",                  "Bytes received by read():" },
      { "wchar: ",                  "Bytes sent to write():"    },
      { "syscr: ",                  "Read() system calls:"      },
      { "syscw: ",                  "Write() system calls:"     },
      { "read_bytes: ",             "Bytes read from storage:"  },
      { "write_bytes: ",            "Bytes written to storage:" },
      { "cancelled_write_bytes: ",  "Cancelled write bytes:"    },
    };
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTrans); i++){
      int n = (int)strlen(aTrans[i].zPattern);
      if( strncmp(aTrans[i].zPattern, z, n)==0 ){
        utf8_printf(out, "%-36s %s", aTrans[i].zDesc, &z[n]);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  fclose(in);
}
#endif

/*
** Display a single line of status using 64-bit values.
*/
static void displayStatLine(
  ShellState *p,            /* The shell context */
  char *zLabel,             /* Label for this one line */
  char *zFormat,            /* Format for the result */
  int iStatusCtrl,          /* Which status to display */
  int bReset                /* True to reset the stats */
){
  sqlite3_int64 iCur = -1;
  sqlite3_int64 iHiwtr = -1;
  int i, nPercent;
  char zLine[200];
  sqlite3_status64(iStatusCtrl, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
  for(i=0, nPercent=0; zFormat[i]; i++){
    if( zFormat[i]=='%' ) nPercent++;
  }
  if( nPercent>1 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLine), zLine, zFormat, iCur, iHiwtr);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLine), zLine, zFormat, iHiwtr);
  }
  raw_printf(p->out, "%-36s %s\n", zLabel, zLine);
}

/*
** Display memory stats.
*/
static int display_stats(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg,           /* Pointer to ShellState */
  int bReset                  /* True to reset the stats */
){
  int iCur;
  int iHiwtr;

  if( pArg && pArg->out ){
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Memory Used:",
       "%lld (max %lld) bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Outstanding Allocations:",
       "%lld (max %lld)", SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, bReset);
    if( pArg->shellFlgs & SHFLG_Pagecache ){
      displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Pcache Pages Used:",
         "%lld (max %lld) pages", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, bReset);
    }
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Number of Pcache Overflow Bytes:",
       "%lld (max %lld) bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Largest Allocation:",
       "%lld bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, bReset);
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Largest Pcache Allocation:",
       "%lld bytes", SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, bReset);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
    displayStatLine(pArg, "Deepest Parser Stack:",
       "%lld (max %lld)", SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK, bReset);
#endif
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db ){
    if( pArg->shellFlgs & SHFLG_Lookaside ){
      iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out,
              "Lookaside Slots Used:                %d (max %d)\n",
              iCur, iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Successful lookaside attempts:       %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to size:      %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
      sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL,
                        &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
      raw_printf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to OOM:       %d\n",
              iHiwtr);
    }
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Pager Heap Usage:                    %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache hits:                     %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache misses:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Page cache writes:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Schema Heap Usage:                   %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Statement Heap/Lookaside Usage:      %d bytes\n",
            iCur);
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db && pArg->pStmt ){
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP,
                               bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Fullscan Steps:                      %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Sort Operations:                     %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX,bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP, bReset);
    raw_printf(pArg->out, "Virtual Machine Steps:               %d\n", iCur);
  }

#ifdef __linux__
  displayLinuxIoStats(pArg->out);
#endif

  /* Do not remove this machine readable comment: extra-stats-output-here */

  return 0;
}

/*
** Display scan stats.
*/
static void display_scanstats(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg                /* Pointer to ShellState */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pArg);
#else
  int i, k, n, mx;
  raw_printf(pArg->out, "-------- scanstats --------\n");
  mx = 0;
  for(k=0; k<=mx; k++){
    double rEstLoop = 1.0;
    for(i=n=0; 1; i++){
      sqlite3_stmt *p = pArg->pStmt;
      sqlite3_int64 nLoop, nVisit;
      double rEst;
      int iSid;
      const char *zExplain;
      if( sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP, (void*)&nLoop) ){
        break;
      }
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID, (void*)&iSid);
      if( iSid>mx ) mx = iSid;
      if( iSid!=k ) continue;
      if( n==0 ){
        rEstLoop = (double)nLoop;
        if( k>0 ) raw_printf(pArg->out, "-------- subquery %d -------\n", k);
      }
      n++;
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT, (void*)&nVisit);
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST, (void*)&rEst);
      sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(p, i, SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN, (void*)&zExplain);
      utf8_printf(pArg->out, "Loop %2d: %s\n", n, zExplain);
      rEstLoop *= rEst;
      raw_printf(pArg->out,
          "         nLoop=%-8lld nRow=%-8lld estRow=%-8lld estRow/Loop=%-8g\n",
          nLoop, nVisit, (sqlite3_int64)(rEstLoop+0.5), rEst
      );
    }
  }
  raw_printf(pArg->out, "---------------------------\n");
#endif
}

/*
** Parameter azArray points to a zero-terminated array of strings. zStr
** points to a single nul-terminated string. Return non-zero if zStr
** is equal, according to strcmp(), to any of the strings in the array.
** Otherwise, return zero.
*/
static int str_in_array(const char *zStr, const char **azArray){
  int i;
  for(i=0; azArray[i]; i++){
    if( 0==strcmp(zStr, azArray[i]) ) return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If compiled statement pSql appears to be an EXPLAIN statement, allocate
** and populate the ShellState.aiIndent[] array with the number of
** spaces each opcode should be indented before it is output.
**
** The indenting rules are:
**
**     * For each "Next", "Prev", "VNext" or "VPrev" instruction, indent
**       all opcodes that occur between the p2 jump destination and the opcode
**       itself by 2 spaces.
**
**     * For each "Goto", if the jump destination is earlier in the program
**       and ends on one of:
**          Yield  SeekGt  SeekLt  RowSetRead  Rewind
**       or if the P1 parameter is one instead of zero,
**       then indent all opcodes between the earlier instruction
**       and "Goto" by 2 spaces.
*/
static void explain_data_prepare(ShellState *p, sqlite3_stmt *pSql){
  const char *zSql;               /* The text of the SQL statement */
  const char *z;                  /* Used to check if this is an EXPLAIN */
  int *abYield = 0;               /* True if op is an OP_Yield */
  int nAlloc = 0;                 /* Allocated size of p->aiIndent[], abYield */
  int iOp;                        /* Index of operation in p->aiIndent[] */

  const char *azNext[] = { "Next", "Prev", "VPrev", "VNext", "SorterNext",
                           "NextIfOpen", "PrevIfOpen", 0 };
  const char *azYield[] = { "Yield", "SeekLT", "SeekGT", "RowSetRead",
                            "Rewind", 0 };
  const char *azGoto[] = { "Goto", 0 };

  /* Try to figure out if this is really an EXPLAIN statement. If this
  ** cannot be verified, return early.  */
  if( sqlite3_column_count(pSql)!=8 ){
    p->cMode = p->mode;
    return;
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_sql(pSql);
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
  for(z=zSql; *z==' ' || *z=='\t' || *z=='\n' || *z=='\f' || *z=='\r'; z++);
  if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "explain", 7) ){
    p->cMode = p->mode;
    return;
  }

  for(iOp=0; SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql); iOp++){
    int i;
    int iAddr = sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 0);
    const char *zOp = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 1);

    /* Set p2 to the P2 field of the current opcode. Then, assuming that
    ** p2 is an instruction address, set variable p2op to the index of that
    ** instruction in the aiIndent[] array. p2 and p2op may be different if
    ** the current instruction is part of a sub-program generated by an
    ** SQL trigger or foreign key.  */
    int p2 = sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 3);
    int p2op = (p2 + (iOp-iAddr));

    /* Grow the p->aiIndent array as required */
    if( iOp>=nAlloc ){
      if( iOp==0 ){
        /* Do further verfication that this is explain output.  Abort if
        ** it is not */
        static const char *explainCols[] = {
           "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment" };
        int jj;
        for(jj=0; jj<ArraySize(explainCols); jj++){
          if( strcmp(sqlite3_column_name(pSql,jj),explainCols[jj])!=0 ){
            p->cMode = p->mode;
            sqlite3_reset(pSql);
            return;
          }
        }
      }
      nAlloc += 100;
      p->aiIndent = (int*)sqlite3_realloc64(p->aiIndent, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
      abYield = (int*)sqlite3_realloc64(abYield, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
    }
    abYield[iOp] = str_in_array(zOp, azYield);
    p->aiIndent[iOp] = 0;
    p->nIndent = iOp+1;

    if( str_in_array(zOp, azNext) ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
    if( str_in_array(zOp, azGoto) && p2op<p->nIndent
     && (abYield[p2op] || sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 2))
    ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
  }

  p->iIndent = 0;
  sqlite3_free(abYield);
  sqlite3_reset(pSql);
}

/*
** Free the array allocated by explain_data_prepare().
*/
static void explain_data_delete(ShellState *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->aiIndent);
  p->aiIndent = 0;
  p->nIndent = 0;
  p->iIndent = 0;
}

/*
** Disable and restore .wheretrace and .selecttrace settings.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
extern int sqlite3SelectTrace;
static int savedSelectTrace;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
extern int sqlite3WhereTrace;
static int savedWhereTrace;
#endif
static void disable_debug_trace_modes(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
  savedSelectTrace = sqlite3SelectTrace;
  sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
  savedWhereTrace = sqlite3WhereTrace;
  sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
}
static void restore_debug_trace_modes(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
  sqlite3SelectTrace = savedSelectTrace;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
  sqlite3WhereTrace = savedWhereTrace;
#endif
}

/*
** Run a prepared statement
*/
static void exec_prepared_stmt(
  ShellState *pArg,                                /* Pointer to ShellState */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,                             /* Statment to run */
  int (*xCallback)(void*,int,char**,char**,int*)   /* Callback function */
){
  int rc;

  /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
  ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
  */
  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  /* if we have a result set... */
  if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
    /* if we have a callback... */
    if( xCallback ){
      /* allocate space for col name ptr, value ptr, and type */
      int nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
      void *pData = sqlite3_malloc64(3*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
      if( !pData ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        char **azCols = (char **)pData;      /* Names of result columns */
        char **azVals = &azCols[nCol];       /* Results */
        int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
        int i, x;
        assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *));
        /* save off ptrs to column names */
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
        }
        do{
          /* extract the data and data types */
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            aiTypes[i] = x = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
            if( x==SQLITE_BLOB && pArg && pArg->cMode==MODE_Insert ){
              azVals[i] = "";
            }else{
              azVals[i] = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
            }
            if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
              rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
              break; /* from for */
            }
          } /* end for */

          /* if data and types extracted successfully... */
          if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
            /* call the supplied callback with the result row data */
            if( xCallback(pArg, nCol, azVals, azCols, aiTypes) ){
              rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
            }else{
              rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
            }
          }
        } while( SQLITE_ROW == rc );
        sqlite3_free(pData);
      }
    }else{
      do{
        rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
    }
  }
}

/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec()
** function except it takes a slightly different callback
** and callback data argument.
*/
static int shell_exec(
  sqlite3 *db,                              /* An open database */
  const char *zSql,                         /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*xCallback)(void*,int,char**,char**,int*),   /* Callback function */
                                            /* (not the same as sqlite3_exec) */
  ShellState *pArg,                         /* Pointer to ShellState */
  char **pzErrMsg                           /* Error msg written here */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL;     /* Statement to execute. */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int rc2;
  const char *zLeftover;          /* Tail of unprocessed SQL */

  if( pzErrMsg ){
    *pzErrMsg = NULL;
  }

  while( zSql[0] && (SQLITE_OK == rc) ){
    static const char *zStmtSql;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, &zLeftover);
    if( SQLITE_OK != rc ){
      if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }
    }else{
      if( !pStmt ){
        /* this happens for a comment or white-space */
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        continue;
      }
      zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
      if( zStmtSql==0 ) zStmtSql = "";
      while( IsSpace(zStmtSql[0]) ) zStmtSql++;

      /* save off the prepared statment handle and reset row count */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = pStmt;
        pArg->cnt = 0;
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && ShellHasFlag(pArg, SHFLG_Echo) ){
        utf8_printf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* Show the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN if .eqp is on */
      if( pArg && pArg->autoEQP && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%",zStmtSql,0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3_stmt *pExplain;
        char *zEQP;
        disable_debug_trace_modes();
        zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", zStmtSql);
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          while( sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"--EQP-- %d,",sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2));
            utf8_printf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=2 ){
          /* Also do an EXPLAIN for ".eqp full" mode */
          zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN %s", zStmtSql);
          rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
            explain_data_prepare(pArg, pExplain);
            exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pExplain, xCallback);
            explain_data_delete(pArg);
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
          sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        }
        restore_debug_trace_modes();
      }

      if( pArg ){
        pArg->cMode = pArg->mode;
        if( pArg->autoExplain
         && sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==8
         && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%", zStmtSql,0)==0
        ){
          pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
        }

        /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
        ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
        if( pArg->cMode==MODE_Explain ){
          explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
        }
      }

      exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pStmt, xCallback);
      explain_data_delete(pArg);

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* print loop-counters if required */
      if( pArg && pArg->scanstatsOn ){
        display_scanstats(db, pArg);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a
      ** copy of the error message. Otherwise, set zSql to point to the
      ** next statement to execute. */
      rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ) rc = rc2;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
      }else if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }

      /* clear saved stmt handle */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = NULL;
      }
    }
  } /* end while */

  return rc;
}

/*
** Release memory previously allocated by tableColumnList().
*/
static void freeColumnList(char **azCol){
  int i;
  for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
    sqlite3_free(azCol[i]);
  }
  /* azCol[0] is a static string */
  sqlite3_free(azCol);
}

/*
** Return a list of pointers to strings which are the names of all
** columns in table zTab.   The memory to hold the names is dynamically
** allocated and must be released by the caller using a subsequent call
** to freeColumnList().
**
** The azCol[0] entry is usually NULL.  However, if zTab contains a rowid
** value that needs to be preserved, then azCol[0] is filled in with the
** name of the rowid column.
**
** The first regular column in the table is azCol[1].  The list is terminated
** by an entry with azCol[i]==0.
*/
static char **tableColumnList(ShellState *p, const char *zTab){
  char **azCol = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  char *zSql;
  int nCol = 0;
  int nAlloc = 0;
  int nPK = 0;       /* Number of PRIMARY KEY columns seen */
  int isIPK = 0;     /* True if one PRIMARY KEY column of type INTEGER */
  int preserveRowid = ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid);
  int rc;

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA table_info=%Q", zTab);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ) return 0;
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( nCol>=nAlloc-2 ){
      nAlloc = nAlloc*2 + nCol + 10;
      azCol = sqlite3_realloc(azCol, nAlloc*sizeof(azCol[0]));
      if( azCol==0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
    }
    azCol[++nCol] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1));
    if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 5) ){
      nPK++;
      if( nPK==1
       && sqlite3_stricmp((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2),
                          "INTEGER")==0
      ){
        isIPK = 1;
      }else{
        isIPK = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  azCol[0] = 0;
  azCol[nCol+1] = 0;

  /* The decision of whether or not a rowid really needs to be preserved
  ** is tricky.  We never need to preserve a rowid for a WITHOUT ROWID table
  ** or a table with an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  We are unable to preserve
  ** rowids on tables where the rowid is inaccessible because there are other
  ** columns in the table named "rowid", "_rowid_", and "oid".
  */
  if( preserveRowid && isIPK ){
    /* If a single PRIMARY KEY column with type INTEGER was seen, then it
    ** might be an alise for the ROWID.  But it might also be a WITHOUT ROWID
    ** table or a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY DESC column, neither of which are
    ** ROWID aliases.  To distinguish these cases, check to see if
    ** there is a "pk" entry in "PRAGMA index_list".  There will be
    ** no "pk" index if the PRIMARY KEY really is an alias for the ROWID.
    */
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT 1 FROM pragma_index_list(%Q)"
                           " WHERE origin='pk'", zTab);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      freeColumnList(azCol);
      return 0;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    preserveRowid = rc==SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  if( preserveRowid ){
    /* Only preserve the rowid if we can find a name to use for the
    ** rowid */
    static char *azRowid[] = { "rowid", "_rowid_", "oid" };
    int i, j;
    for(j=0; j<3; j++){
      for(i=1; i<=nCol; i++){
        if( sqlite3_stricmp(azRowid[j],azCol[i])==0 ) break;
      }
      if( i>nCol ){
        /* At this point, we know that azRowid[j] is not the name of any
        ** ordinary column in the table.  Verify that azRowid[j] is a valid
        ** name for the rowid before adding it to azCol[0].  WITHOUT ROWID
        ** tables will fail this last check */
        rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(p->db,0,zTab,azRowid[j],0,0,0,0,0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) azCol[0] = azRowid[j];
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return azCol;
}

/*
** Toggle the reverse_unordered_selects setting.
*/
static void toggleSelectOrder(sqlite3 *db){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int iSetting = 0;
  char zStmt[100];
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects", -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    iSetting = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zStmt), zStmt,
       "PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects(%d)", !iSetting);
  sqlite3_exec(db, zStmt, 0, 0, 0);
}

/*
** This is a different callback routine used for dumping the database.
** Each row received by this callback consists of a table name,
** the table type ("index" or "table") and SQL to create the table.
** This routine should print text sufficient to recreate the table.
*/
static int dump_callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azNotUsed){
  int rc;
  const char *zTable;
  const char *zType;
  const char *zSql;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState *)pArg;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(azNotUsed);
  if( nArg!=3 || azArg==0 ) return 0;
  zTable = azArg[0];
  zType = azArg[1];
  zSql = azArg[2];

  if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n");
  }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sqlite_stat?", zTable)==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
  }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
    char *zIns;
    if( !p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 1;
    }
    zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
       "INSERT INTO sqlite_master(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
       "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
       zTable, zTable, zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
    sqlite3_free(zIns);
    return 0;
  }else{
    printSchemaLine(p->out, zSql, ";\n");
  }

  if( strcmp(zType, "table")==0 ){
    ShellText sSelect;
    ShellText sTable;
    char **azCol;
    int i;
    char *savedDestTable;
    int savedMode;

    azCol = tableColumnList(p, zTable);
    if( azCol==0 ){
      p->nErr++;
      return 0;
    }

    /* Always quote the table name, even if it appears to be pure ascii,
    ** in case it is a keyword. Ex:  INSERT INTO "table" ... */
    initText(&sTable);
    appendText(&sTable, zTable, quoteChar(zTable));
    /* If preserving the rowid, add a column list after the table name.
    ** In other words:  "INSERT INTO tab(rowid,a,b,c,...) VALUES(...)"
    ** instead of the usual "INSERT INTO tab VALUES(...)".
    */
    if( azCol[0] ){
      appendText(&sTable, "(", 0);
      appendText(&sTable, azCol[0], 0);
      for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
        appendText(&sTable, ",", 0);
        appendText(&sTable, azCol[i], quoteChar(azCol[i]));
      }
      appendText(&sTable, ")", 0);
    }

    /* Build an appropriate SELECT statement */
    initText(&sSelect);
    appendText(&sSelect, "SELECT ", 0);
    if( azCol[0] ){
      appendText(&sSelect, azCol[0], 0);
      appendText(&sSelect, ",", 0);
    }
    for(i=1; azCol[i]; i++){
      appendText(&sSelect, azCol[i], quoteChar(azCol[i]));
      if( azCol[i+1] ){
        appendText(&sSelect, ",", 0);
      }
    }
    freeColumnList(azCol);
    appendText(&sSelect, " FROM ", 0);
    appendText(&sSelect, zTable, quoteChar(zTable));

    savedDestTable = p->zDestTable;
    savedMode = p->mode;
    p->zDestTable = sTable.z;
    p->mode = p->cMode = MODE_Insert;
    rc = shell_exec(p->db, sSelect.z, shell_callback, p, 0);
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/****** CORRUPTION ERROR *******/\n");
      toggleSelectOrder(p->db);
      shell_exec(p->db, sSelect.z, shell_callback, p, 0);
      toggleSelectOrder(p->db);
    }
    p->zDestTable = savedDestTable;
    p->mode = savedMode;
    freeText(&sTable);
    freeText(&sSelect);
    if( rc ) p->nErr++;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Run zQuery.  Use dump_callback() as the callback routine so that
** the contents of the query are output as SQL statements.
**
** If we get a SQLITE_CORRUPT error, rerun the query after appending
** "ORDER BY rowid DESC" to the end.
*/
static int run_schema_dump_query(
  ShellState *p,
  const char *zQuery
){
  int rc;
  char *zErr = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQuery, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
  if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
    char *zQ2;
    int len = strlen30(zQuery);
    raw_printf(p->out, "/****** CORRUPTION ERROR *******/\n");
    if( zErr ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "/****** %s ******/\n", zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      zErr = 0;
    }
    zQ2 = malloc( len+100 );
    if( zQ2==0 ) return rc;
    sqlite3_snprintf(len+100, zQ2, "%s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zQuery);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQ2, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "/****** ERROR: %s ******/\n", zErr);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    free(zQ2);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Text of a help message
*/
static char zHelp[] =
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  ".auth ON|OFF           Show authorizer callbacks\n"
#endif
  ".backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default \"main\") to FILE\n"
  ".bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF\n"
  ".binary on|off         Turn binary output on or off.  Default OFF\n"
  ".cd DIRECTORY          Change the working directory to DIRECTORY\n"
  ".changes on|off        Show number of rows changed by SQL\n"
  ".check GLOB            Fail if output since .testcase does not match\n"
  ".clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database\n"
  ".databases             List names and files of attached databases\n"
  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off|full       Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".exit                  Exit this program\n"
/* Because explain mode comes on automatically now, the ".explain" mode
** is removed from the help screen.  It is still supported for legacy, however */
/*".explain ?on|off|auto? Turn EXPLAIN output mode on or off or to automatic\n"*/
  ".fullschema ?--indent? Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables\n"
  ".headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off\n"
  ".help                  Show this message\n"
  ".import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEST_CONTROL
  ".imposter INDEX TABLE  Create imposter table TABLE on index INDEX\n"
#endif
  ".indexes ?TABLE?       Show names of all indexes\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show indexes for tables\n"
  "                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  ".iotrace FILE          Enable I/O diagnostic logging to FILE\n"
#endif
  ".limit ?LIMIT? ?VAL?   Display or change the value of an SQLITE_LIMIT\n"
  ".lint OPTIONS          Report potential schema issues. Options:\n"
  "                         fkey-indexes     Find missing foreign key indexes\n"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  ".load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library\n"
#endif
  ".log FILE|off          Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout\n"
  ".mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:\n"
  "                         ascii    Columns/rows delimited by 0x1F and 0x1E\n"
  "                         csv      Comma-separated values\n"
  "                         column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)\n"
  "                         html     HTML <table> code\n"
  "                         insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE\n"
  "                         line     One value per line\n"
  "                         list     Values delimited by \"|\"\n"
  "                         quote    Escape answers as for SQL\n"
  "                         tabs     Tab-separated values\n"
  "                         tcl      TCL list elements\n"
  ".nullvalue STRING      Use STRING in place of NULL values\n"
  ".once FILENAME         Output for the next SQL command only to FILENAME\n"
  ".open ?OPTIONS? ?FILE? Close existing database and reopen FILE\n"
  "                         The --new option starts with an empty file\n"
  ".output ?FILENAME?     Send output to FILENAME or stdout\n"
  ".print STRING...       Print literal STRING\n"
  ".prompt MAIN CONTINUE  Replace the standard prompts\n"
  ".quit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
  ".restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default \"main\") from FILE\n"
  ".save FILE             Write in-memory database into FILE\n"
  ".scanstats on|off      Turn sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() metrics on or off\n"
  ".schema ?PATTERN?      Show the CREATE statements matching PATTERN\n"
  "                          Add --indent for pretty-printing\n"
  ".selftest ?--init?     Run tests defined in the SELFTEST table\n"
  ".separator COL ?ROW?   Change the column separator and optionally the row\n"
  "                         separator for both the output mode and .import\n"
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  ".session CMD ...       Create or control sessions\n"
#endif
  ".sha3sum ?OPTIONS...?  Compute a SHA3 hash of database content\n"
  ".shell CMD ARGS...     Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".show                  Show the current values for various settings\n"
  ".stats ?on|off?        Show stats or turn stats on or off\n"
  ".system CMD ARGS...    Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only list tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".testcase NAME         Begin redirecting output to 'testcase-out.txt'\n"
  ".timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
  ".timer on|off          Turn SQL timer on or off\n"
  ".trace FILE|off        Output each SQL statement as it is run\n"
  ".vfsinfo ?AUX?         Information about the top-level VFS\n"
  ".vfslist               List all available VFSes\n"
  ".vfsname ?AUX?         Print the name of the VFS stack\n"
  ".width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
  "                         Negative values right-justify\n"
;

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** Print help information for the ".sessions" command
*/
void session_help(ShellState *p){
  raw_printf(p->out,
    ".session ?NAME? SUBCOMMAND ?ARGS...?\n"
    "If ?NAME? is omitted, the first defined session is used.\n"
    "Subcommands:\n"
    "   attach TABLE             Attach TABLE\n"
    "   changeset FILE           Write a changeset into FILE\n"
    "   close                    Close one session\n"
    "   enable ?BOOLEAN?         Set or query the enable bit\n"
    "   filter GLOB...           Reject tables matching GLOBs\n"
    "   indirect ?BOOLEAN?       Mark or query the indirect status\n"
    "   isempty                  Query whether the session is empty\n"
    "   list                     List currently open session names\n"
    "   open DB NAME             Open a new session on DB\n"
    "   patchset FILE            Write a patchset into FILE\n"
  );
}
#endif


/* Forward reference */
static int process_input(ShellState *p, FILE *in);

/*
** Read the content of file zName into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc64()
** and return a pointer to the buffer. The caller is responsible for freeing
** the memory.
**
** If parameter pnByte is not NULL, (*pnByte) is set to the number of bytes
** read.
**
** For convenience, a nul-terminator byte is always appended to the data read
** from the file before the buffer is returned. This byte is not included in
** the final value of (*pnByte), if applicable.
**
** NULL is returned if any error is encountered. The final value of *pnByte
** is undefined in this case.
*/
static char *readFile(const char *zName, int *pnByte){
  FILE *in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  long nIn;
  size_t nRead;
  char *pBuf;
  if( in==0 ) return 0;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
  pBuf = sqlite3_malloc64( nIn+1 );
  if( pBuf==0 ) return 0;
  nRead = fread(pBuf, nIn, 1, in);
  fclose(in);
  if( nRead!=1 ){
    sqlite3_free(pBuf);
    return 0;
  }
  pBuf[nIn] = 0;
  if( pnByte ) *pnByte = nIn;
  return pBuf;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
/*
** Close a single OpenSession object and release all of its associated
** resources.
*/
static void session_close(OpenSession *pSession){
  int i;
  sqlite3session_delete(pSession->p);
  sqlite3_free(pSession->zName);
  for(i=0; i<pSession->nFilter; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter);
  memset(pSession, 0, sizeof(OpenSession));
}
#endif

/*
** Close all OpenSession objects and release all associated resources.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
static void session_close_all(ShellState *p){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<p->nSession; i++){
    session_close(&p->aSession[i]);
  }
  p->nSession = 0;
}
#else
# define session_close_all(X)
#endif

/*
** Implementation of the xFilter function for an open session.  Omit
** any tables named by ".session filter" but let all other table through.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
static int session_filter(void *pCtx, const char *zTab){
  OpenSession *pSession = (OpenSession*)pCtx;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pSession->nFilter; i++){
    if( sqlite3_strglob(pSession->azFilter[i], zTab)==0 ) return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}
#endif

/*
** Make sure the database is open.  If it is not, then open it.  If
** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
*/
static void open_db(ShellState *p, int keepAlive){
  if( p->db==0 ){
    sqlite3_initialize();
    sqlite3_open(p->zDbFilename, &p->db);
    globalDb = p->db;
    if( p->db==0 || SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_errcode(p->db) ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: unable to open database \"%s\": %s\n",
          p->zDbFilename, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      if( keepAlive ) return;
      exit(1);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    sqlite3_enable_load_extension(p->db, 1);
#endif
    sqlite3_fileio_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_shathree_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_completion_init(p->db, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_create_function(p->db, "shell_add_schema", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                            shellAddSchemaName, 0, 0);
  }
}

#if HAVE_READLINE || HAVE_EDITLINE
/*
** Readline completion callbacks
*/
static char *readline_completion_generator(const char *text, int state){
  static sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  char *zRet;
  if( state==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase"
                           "  FROM completion(%Q) ORDER BY 1", text);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(globalDb, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    zRet = strdup((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
  }else{
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    zRet = 0;
  }
  return zRet;
}
static char **readline_completion(const char *zText, int iStart, int iEnd){
  rl_attempted_completion_over = 1;
  return rl_completion_matches(zText, readline_completion_generator);
}

#elif HAVE_LINENOISE
/*
** Linenoise completion callback
*/
static void linenoise_completion(const char *zLine, linenoiseCompletions *lc){
  int nLine = (int)strlen(zLine);
  int i, iStart;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  char *zSql;
  char zBuf[1000];

  if( nLine>sizeof(zBuf)-30 ) return;
  if( zLine[0]=='.' ) return;
  for(i=nLine-1; i>=0 && (isalnum(zLine[i]) || zLine[i]=='_'); i--){}
  if( i==nLine-1 ) return;
  iStart = i+1;
  memcpy(zBuf, zLine, iStart);
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT DISTINCT candidate COLLATE nocase"
                         "  FROM completion(%Q,%Q) ORDER BY 1",
                         &zLine[iStart], zLine);
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(globalDb, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  sqlite3_exec(globalDb, "PRAGMA page_count", 0, 0, 0); /* Load the schema */
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zCompletion = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    int nCompletion = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0);
    if( iStart+nCompletion < sizeof(zBuf)-1 ){
      memcpy(zBuf+iStart, zCompletion, nCompletion+1);
      linenoiseAddCompletion(lc, zBuf);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif

/*
** Do C-language style dequoting.
**
**    \a    -> alarm
**    \b    -> backspace
**    \t    -> tab
**    \n    -> newline
**    \v    -> vertical tab
**    \f    -> form feed
**    \r    -> carriage return
**    \s    -> space
**    \"    -> "
**    \'    -> '
**    \\    -> backslash
**    \NNN  -> ascii character NNN in octal
*/
static void resolve_backslashes(char *z){
  int i, j;
  char c;
  while( *z && *z!='\\' ) z++;
  for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++, j++){
    if( c=='\\' && z[i+1]!=0 ){
      c = z[++i];
      if( c=='a' ){
        c = '\a';
      }else if( c=='b' ){
        c = '\b';
      }else if( c=='t' ){
        c = '\t';
      }else if( c=='n' ){
        c = '\n';
      }else if( c=='v' ){
        c = '\v';
      }else if( c=='f' ){
        c = '\f';
      }else if( c=='r' ){
        c = '\r';
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        c = '"';
      }else if( c=='\'' ){
        c = '\'';
      }else if( c=='\\' ){
        c = '\\';
      }else if( c>='0' && c<='7' ){
        c -= '0';
        if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
          i++;
          c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
            i++;
            c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          }
        }
      }
    }
    z[j] = c;
  }
  if( j<i ) z[j] = 0;
}

/*
** Return the value of a hexadecimal digit.  Return -1 if the input
** is not a hex digit.
*/
static int hexDigitValue(char c){
  if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) return c - '0';
  if( c>='a' && c<='f' ) return c - 'a' + 10;
  if( c>='A' && c<='F' ) return c - 'A' + 10;
  return -1;
}

/*
** Interpret zArg as an integer value, possibly with suffixes.
*/
static sqlite3_int64 integerValue(const char *zArg){
  sqlite3_int64 v = 0;
  static const struct { char *zSuffix; int iMult; } aMult[] = {
    { "KiB", 1024 },
    { "MiB", 1024*1024 },
    { "GiB", 1024*1024*1024 },
    { "KB",  1000 },
    { "MB",  1000000 },
    { "GB",  1000000000 },
    { "K",   1000 },
    { "M",   1000000 },
    { "G",   1000000000 },
  };
  int i;
  int isNeg = 0;
  if( zArg[0]=='-' ){
    isNeg = 1;
    zArg++;
  }else if( zArg[0]=='+' ){
    zArg++;
  }
  if( zArg[0]=='0' && zArg[1]=='x' ){
    int x;
    zArg += 2;
    while( (x = hexDigitValue(zArg[0]))>=0 ){
      v = (v<<4) + x;
      zArg++;
    }
  }else{
    while( IsDigit(zArg[0]) ){
      v = v*10 + zArg[0] - '0';
      zArg++;
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aMult); i++){
    if( sqlite3_stricmp(aMult[i].zSuffix, zArg)==0 ){
      v *= aMult[i].iMult;
      break;
    }
  }
  return isNeg? -v : v;
}

/*
** Interpret zArg as either an integer or a boolean value.  Return 1 or 0
** for TRUE and FALSE.  Return the integer value if appropriate.
*/
static int booleanValue(const char *zArg){
  int i;
  if( zArg[0]=='0' && zArg[1]=='x' ){
    for(i=2; hexDigitValue(zArg[i])>=0; i++){}
  }else{
    for(i=0; zArg[i]>='0' && zArg[i]<='9'; i++){}
  }
  if( i>0 && zArg[i]==0 ) return (int)(integerValue(zArg) & 0xffffffff);
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zArg, "on")==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zArg,"yes")==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zArg, "off")==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zArg,"no")==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  utf8_printf(stderr, "ERROR: Not a boolean value: \"%s\". Assuming \"no\".\n",
          zArg);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set or clear a shell flag according to a boolean value.
*/
static void setOrClearFlag(ShellState *p, unsigned mFlag, const char *zArg){
  if( booleanValue(zArg) ){
    ShellSetFlag(p, mFlag);
  }else{
    ShellClearFlag(p, mFlag);
  }
}

/*
** Close an output file, assuming it is not stderr or stdout
*/
static void output_file_close(FILE *f){
  if( f && f!=stdout && f!=stderr ) fclose(f);
}

/*
** Try to open an output file.   The names "stdout" and "stderr" are
** recognized and do the right thing.  NULL is returned if the output
** filename is "off".
*/
static FILE *output_file_open(const char *zFile){
  FILE *f;
  if( strcmp(zFile,"stdout")==0 ){
    f = stdout;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "stderr")==0 ){
    f = stderr;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "off")==0 ){
    f = 0;
  }else{
    f = fopen(zFile, "wb");
    if( f==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
    }
  }
  return f;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE)
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
/*
** A routine for handling output from sqlite3_trace().
*/
static int sql_trace_callback(
  unsigned mType,
  void *pArg,
  void *pP,
  void *pX
){
  FILE *f = (FILE*)pArg;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(mType);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pP);
  if( f ){
    const char *z = (const char*)pX;
    int i = (int)strlen(z);
    while( i>0 && z[i-1]==';' ){ i--; }
    utf8_printf(f, "%.*s;\n", i, z);
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif
#endif

/*
** A no-op routine that runs with the ".breakpoint" doc-command.  This is
** a useful spot to set a debugger breakpoint.
*/
static void test_breakpoint(void){
  static int nCall = 0;
  nCall++;
}

/*
** An object used to read a CSV and other files for import.
*/
typedef struct ImportCtx ImportCtx;
struct ImportCtx {
  const char *zFile;  /* Name of the input file */
  FILE *in;           /* Read the CSV text from this input stream */
  char *z;            /* Accumulated text for a field */
  int n;              /* Number of bytes in z */
  int nAlloc;         /* Space allocated for z[] */
  int nLine;          /* Current line number */
  int bNotFirst;      /* True if one or more bytes already read */
  int cTerm;          /* Character that terminated the most recent field */
  int cColSep;        /* The column separator character.  (Usually ",") */
  int cRowSep;        /* The row separator character.  (Usually "\n") */
};

/* Append a single byte to z[] */
static void import_append_char(ImportCtx *p, int c){
  if( p->n+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc += p->nAlloc + 100;
    p->z = sqlite3_realloc64(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
  p->z[p->n++] = (char)c;
}

/* Read a single field of CSV text.  Compatible with rfc4180 and extended
** with the option of having a separator other than ",".
**
**   +  Input comes from p->in.
**   +  Store results in p->z of length p->n.  Space to hold p->z comes
**      from sqlite3_malloc64().
**   +  Use p->cSep as the column separator.  The default is ",".
**   +  Use p->rSep as the row separator.  The default is "\n".
**   +  Keep track of the line number in p->nLine.
**   +  Store the character that terminates the field in p->cTerm.  Store
**      EOF on end-of-file.
**   +  Report syntax errors on stderr
*/
static char *SQLITE_CDECL csv_read_one_field(ImportCtx *p){
  int c;
  int cSep = p->cColSep;
  int rSep = p->cRowSep;
  p->n = 0;
  c = fgetc(p->in);
  if( c==EOF || seenInterrupt ){
    p->cTerm = EOF;
    return 0;
  }
  if( c=='"' ){
    int pc, ppc;
    int startLine = p->nLine;
    int cQuote = c;
    pc = ppc = 0;
    while( 1 ){
      c = fgetc(p->in);
      if( c==rSep ) p->nLine++;
      if( c==cQuote ){
        if( pc==cQuote ){
          pc = 0;
          continue;
        }
      }
      if( (c==cSep && pc==cQuote)
       || (c==rSep && pc==cQuote)
       || (c==rSep && pc=='\r' && ppc==cQuote)
       || (c==EOF && pc==cQuote)
      ){
        do{ p->n--; }while( p->z[p->n]!=cQuote );
        p->cTerm = c;
        break;
      }
      if( pc==cQuote && c!='\r' ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: unescaped %c character\n",
                p->zFile, p->nLine, cQuote);
      }
      if( c==EOF ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: unterminated %c-quoted field\n",
                p->zFile, startLine, cQuote);
        p->cTerm = c;
        break;
      }
      import_append_char(p, c);
      ppc = pc;
      pc = c;
    }
  }else{
    /* If this is the first field being parsed and it begins with the
    ** UTF-8 BOM  (0xEF BB BF) then skip the BOM */
    if( (c&0xff)==0xef && p->bNotFirst==0 ){
      import_append_char(p, c);
      c = fgetc(p->in);
      if( (c&0xff)==0xbb ){
        import_append_char(p, c);
        c = fgetc(p->in);
        if( (c&0xff)==0xbf ){
          p->bNotFirst = 1;
          p->n = 0;
          return csv_read_one_field(p);
        }
      }
    }
    while( c!=EOF && c!=cSep && c!=rSep ){
      import_append_char(p, c);
      c = fgetc(p->in);
    }
    if( c==rSep ){
      p->nLine++;
      if( p->n>0 && p->z[p->n-1]=='\r' ) p->n--;
    }
    p->cTerm = c;
  }
  if( p->z ) p->z[p->n] = 0;
  p->bNotFirst = 1;
  return p->z;
}

/* Read a single field of ASCII delimited text.
**
**   +  Input comes from p->in.
**   +  Store results in p->z of length p->n.  Space to hold p->z comes
**      from sqlite3_malloc64().
**   +  Use p->cSep as the column separator.  The default is "\x1F".
**   +  Use p->rSep as the row separator.  The default is "\x1E".
**   +  Keep track of the row number in p->nLine.
**   +  Store the character that terminates the field in p->cTerm.  Store
**      EOF on end-of-file.
**   +  Report syntax errors on stderr
*/
static char *SQLITE_CDECL ascii_read_one_field(ImportCtx *p){
  int c;
  int cSep = p->cColSep;
  int rSep = p->cRowSep;
  p->n = 0;
  c = fgetc(p->in);
  if( c==EOF || seenInterrupt ){
    p->cTerm = EOF;
    return 0;
  }
  while( c!=EOF && c!=cSep && c!=rSep ){
    import_append_char(p, c);
    c = fgetc(p->in);
  }
  if( c==rSep ){
    p->nLine++;
  }
  p->cTerm = c;
  if( p->z ) p->z[p->n] = 0;
  return p->z;
}

/*
** Try to transfer data for table zTable.  If an error is seen while
** moving forward, try to go backwards.  The backwards movement won't
** work for WITHOUT ROWID tables.
*/
static void tryToCloneData(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zTable
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  char *zInsert = 0;
  int rc;
  int i, j, n;
  int nTable = (int)strlen(zTable);
  int k = 0;
  int cnt = 0;
  const int spinRate = 10000;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM \"%w\"", zTable);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pQuery);
  zInsert = sqlite3_malloc64(200 + nTable + n*3);
  if( zInsert==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(200+nTable,zInsert,
                   "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO \"%s\" VALUES(?", zTable);
  i = (int)strlen(zInsert);
  for(j=1; j<n; j++){
    memcpy(zInsert+i, ",?", 2);
    i += 2;
  }
  memcpy(zInsert+i, ");", 3);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(newDb, zInsert, -1, &pInsert, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(newDb), sqlite3_errmsg(newDb),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  for(k=0; k<2; k++){
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        switch( sqlite3_column_type(pQuery, i) ){
          case SQLITE_NULL: {
            sqlite3_bind_null(pInsert, i+1);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
            sqlite3_bind_int64(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_int64(pQuery,i));
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
            sqlite3_bind_double(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_double(pQuery,i));
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_TEXT: {
            sqlite3_bind_text(pInsert, i+1,
                             (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pQuery,i),
                             -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
            break;
          }
          case SQLITE_BLOB: {
            sqlite3_bind_blob(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_blob(pQuery,i),
                                            sqlite3_column_bytes(pQuery,i),
                                            SQLITE_STATIC);
            break;
          }
        }
      } /* End for */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s\n", sqlite3_extended_errcode(newDb),
                        sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
      }
      sqlite3_reset(pInsert);
      cnt++;
      if( (cnt%spinRate)==0 ){
        printf("%c\b", "|/-\\"[(cnt/spinRate)%4]);
        fflush(stdout);
      }
    } /* End while */
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) break;
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM \"%w\" ORDER BY rowid DESC;",
                             zTable);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Warning: cannot step \"%s\" backwards", zTable);
      break;
    }
  } /* End for(k=0...) */

end_data_xfer:
  sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
  sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
  sqlite3_free(zQuery);
  sqlite3_free(zInsert);
}


/*
** Try to transfer all rows of the schema that match zWhere.  For
** each row, invoke xForEach() on the object defined by that row.
** If an error is encountered while moving forward through the
** sqlite_master table, try again moving backwards.
*/
static void tryToCloneSchema(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zWhere,
  void (*xForEach)(ShellState*,sqlite3*,const char*)
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  int rc;
  const unsigned char *zName;
  const unsigned char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE %s", zWhere);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                    sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                    zQuery);
    goto end_schema_xfer;
  }
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    zName = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
    zSql = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 1);
    printf("%s... ", zName); fflush(stdout);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, (const char*)zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\nSQL: [%s]\n", zErrMsg, zSql);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      zErrMsg = 0;
    }
    if( xForEach ){
      xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
    }
    printf("done\n");
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                             " WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zWhere);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                      sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                      zQuery);
      goto end_schema_xfer;
    }
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(pQuery))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      zName = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
      zSql = sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 1);
      printf("%s... ", zName); fflush(stdout);
      sqlite3_exec(newDb, (const char*)zSql, 0, 0, &zErrMsg);
      if( zErrMsg ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\nSQL: [%s]\n", zErrMsg, zSql);
        sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
        zErrMsg = 0;
      }
      if( xForEach ){
        xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
      }
      printf("done\n");
    }
  }
end_schema_xfer:
  sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
  sqlite3_free(zQuery);
}

/*
** Open a new database file named "zNewDb".  Try to recover as much information
** as possible out of the main database (which might be corrupt) and write it
** into zNewDb.
*/
static void tryToClone(ShellState *p, const char *zNewDb){
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *newDb = 0;
  if( access(zNewDb,0)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "File \"%s\" already exists.\n", zNewDb);
    return;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zNewDb, &newDb);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Cannot create output database: %s\n",
            sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
  }else{
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;", 0, 0, 0);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type='table'", tryToCloneData);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type!='table'", 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "COMMIT;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_close(newDb);
}

/*
** Change the output file back to stdout
*/
static void output_reset(ShellState *p){
  if( p->outfile[0]=='|' ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
    pclose(p->out);
#endif
  }else{
    output_file_close(p->out);
  }
  p->outfile[0] = 0;
  p->out = stdout;
}

/*
** Run an SQL command and return the single integer result.
*/
static int db_int(ShellState *p, const char *zSql){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  int res = 0;
  sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( pStmt && sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    res = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt,0);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  return res;
}

/*
** Convert a 2-byte or 4-byte big-endian integer into a native integer
*/
static unsigned int get2byteInt(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<8) + a[1];
}
static unsigned int get4byteInt(unsigned char *a){
  return (a[0]<<24) + (a[1]<<16) + (a[2]<<8) + a[3];
}

/*
** Implementation of the ".info" command.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int shell_dbinfo_command(ShellState *p, int nArg, char **azArg){
  static const struct { const char *zName; int ofst; } aField[] = {
     { "file change counter:",  24  },
     { "database page count:",  28  },
     { "freelist page count:",  36  },
     { "schema cookie:",        40  },
     { "schema format:",        44  },
     { "default cache size:",   48  },
     { "autovacuum top root:",  52  },
     { "incremental vacuum:",   64  },
     { "text encoding:",        56  },
     { "user version:",         60  },
     { "application id:",       68  },
     { "software version:",     96  },
  };
  static const struct { const char *zName; const char *zSql; } aQuery[] = {
     { "number of tables:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='table'" },
     { "number of indexes:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='index'" },
     { "number of triggers:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='trigger'" },
     { "number of views:",
       "SELECT count(*) FROM %s WHERE type='view'" },
     { "schema size:",
       "SELECT total(length(sql)) FROM %s" },
  };
  sqlite3_file *pFile = 0;
  int i;
  char *zSchemaTab;
  char *zDb = nArg>=2 ? azArg[1] : "main";
  unsigned char aHdr[100];
  open_db(p, 0);
  if( p->db==0 ) return 1;
  sqlite3_file_control(p->db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER, &pFile);
  if( pFile==0 || pFile->pMethods==0 || pFile->pMethods->xRead==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  i = pFile->pMethods->xRead(pFile, aHdr, 100, 0);
  if( i!=SQLITE_OK ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "unable to read database header\n");
    return 1;
  }
  i = get2byteInt(aHdr+16);
  if( i==1 ) i = 65536;
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "database page size:", i);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "write format:", aHdr[18]);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "read format:", aHdr[19]);
  utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "reserved bytes:", aHdr[20]);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aField); i++){
    int ofst = aField[i].ofst;
    unsigned int val = get4byteInt(aHdr + ofst);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %u", aField[i].zName, val);
    switch( ofst ){
      case 56: {
        if( val==1 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf8)");
        if( val==2 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16le)");
        if( val==3 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16be)");
      }
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  }
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_master");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_master");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_master", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aQuery); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSchemaTab);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Print the current sqlite3_errmsg() value to stderr and return 1.
*/
static int shellDatabaseError(sqlite3 *db){
  const char *zErr = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErr);
  return 1;
}

/*
** Print an out-of-memory message to stderr and return 1.
*/
static int shellNomemError(void){
  raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
  return 1;
}

/*
** Compare the pattern in zGlob[] against the text in z[].  Return TRUE
** if they match and FALSE (0) if they do not match.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
**     [...]      Matches one character from the enclosed list of
**                characters.
**
**     [^...]     Matches one character not in the enclosed list.
**
**      '#'       Matches any sequence of one or more digits with an
**                optional + or - sign in front
**
**      ' '       Any span of whitespace matches any other span of
**                whitespace.
**
** Extra whitespace at the end of z[] is ignored.
*/
static int testcase_glob(const char *zGlob, const char *z){
  int c, c2;
  int invert;
  int seen;

  while( (c = (*(zGlob++)))!=0 ){
    if( IsSpace(c) ){
      if( !IsSpace(*z) ) return 0;
      while( IsSpace(*zGlob) ) zGlob++;
      while( IsSpace(*z) ) z++;
    }else if( c=='*' ){
      while( (c=(*(zGlob++))) == '*' || c=='?' ){
        if( c=='?' && (*(z++))==0 ) return 0;
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;
      }else if( c=='[' ){
        while( *z && testcase_glob(zGlob-1,z)==0 ){
          z++;
        }
        return (*z)!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = (*(z++)))!=0 ){
        while( c2!=c ){
          c2 = *(z++);
          if( c2==0 ) return 0;
        }
        if( testcase_glob(zGlob,z) ) return 1;
      }
      return 0;
    }else if( c=='?' ){
      if( (*(z++))==0 ) return 0;
    }else if( c=='[' ){
      int prior_c = 0;
      seen = 0;
      invert = 0;
      c = *(z++);
      if( c==0 ) return 0;
      c2 = *(zGlob++);
      if( c2=='^' ){
        invert = 1;
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      if( c2==']' ){
        if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      while( c2 && c2!=']' ){
        if( c2=='-' && zGlob[0]!=']' && zGlob[0]!=0 && prior_c>0 ){
          c2 = *(zGlob++);
          if( c>=prior_c && c<=c2 ) seen = 1;
          prior_c = 0;
        }else{
          if( c==c2 ){
            seen = 1;
          }
          prior_c = c2;
        }
        c2 = *(zGlob++);
      }
      if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ) return 0;
    }else if( c=='#' ){
      if( (z[0]=='-' || z[0]=='+') && IsDigit(z[1]) ) z++;
      if( !IsDigit(z[0]) ) return 0;
      z++;
      while( IsDigit(z[0]) ){ z++; }
    }else{
      if( c!=(*(z++)) ) return 0;
    }
  }
  while( IsSpace(*z) ){ z++; }
  return *z==0;
}


/*
** Compare the string as a command-line option with either one or two
** initial "-" characters.
*/
static int optionMatch(const char *zStr, const char *zOpt){
  if( zStr[0]!='-' ) return 0;
  zStr++;
  if( zStr[0]=='-' ) zStr++;
  return strcmp(zStr, zOpt)==0;
}

/*
** Delete a file.
*/
int shellDeleteFile(const char *zFilename){
  int rc;
#ifdef _WIN32
  wchar_t *z = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(zFilename);
  rc = _wunlink(z);
  sqlite3_free(z);
#else
  rc = unlink(zFilename);
#endif
  return rc;
}


/*
** The implementation of SQL scalar function fkey_collate_clause(), used
** by the ".lint fkey-indexes" command. This scalar function is always
** called with four arguments - the parent table name, the parent column name,
** the child table name and the child column name.
**
**   fkey_collate_clause('parent-tab', 'parent-col', 'child-tab', 'child-col')
**
** If either of the named tables or columns do not exist, this function
** returns an empty string. An empty string is also returned if both tables
** and columns exist but have the same default collation sequence. Or,
** if both exist but the default collation sequences are different, this
** function returns the string " COLLATE <parent-collation>", where
** <parent-collation> is the default collation sequence of the parent column.
*/
static void shellFkeyCollateClause(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(pCtx);
  const char *zParent;
  const char *zParentCol;
  const char *zParentSeq;
  const char *zChild;
  const char *zChildCol;
  const char *zChildSeq = 0;  /* Initialize to avoid false-positive warning */
  int rc;

  assert( nVal==4 );
  zParent = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);
  zParentCol = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[1]);
  zChild = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[2]);
  zChildCol = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[3]);

  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
      db, "main", zParent, zParentCol, 0, &zParentSeq, 0, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
        db, "main", zChild, zChildCol, 0, &zChildSeq, 0, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_stricmp(zParentSeq, zChildSeq) ){
    char *z = sqlite3_mprintf(" COLLATE %s", zParentSeq);
    sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
}


/*
** The implementation of dot-command ".lint fkey-indexes".
*/
static int lintFkeyIndexes(
  ShellState *pState,             /* Current shell tool state */
  char **azArg,                   /* Array of arguments passed to dot command */
  int nArg                        /* Number of entries in azArg[] */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pState->db;       /* Database handle to query "main" db of */
  FILE *out = pState->out;        /* Stream to write non-error output to */
  int bVerbose = 0;               /* If -verbose is present */
  int bGroupByParent = 0;         /* If -groupbyparent is present */
  int i;                          /* To iterate through azArg[] */
  const char *zIndent = "";       /* How much to indent CREATE INDEX by */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSql = 0;         /* Compiled version of SQL statement below */

  /*
  ** This SELECT statement returns one row for each foreign key constraint
  ** in the schema of the main database. The column values are:
  **
  ** 0. The text of an SQL statement similar to:
  **
  **      "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM child_table WHERE child_key=?"
  **
  **    This is the same SELECT that the foreign keys implementation needs
  **    to run internally on child tables. If there is an index that can
  **    be used to optimize this query, then it can also be used by the FK
  **    implementation to optimize DELETE or UPDATE statements on the parent
  **    table.
  **
  ** 1. A GLOB pattern suitable for sqlite3_strglob(). If the plan output by
  **    the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN command matches this pattern, then the schema
  **    contains an index that can be used to optimize the query.
  **
  ** 2. Human readable text that describes the child table and columns. e.g.
  **
  **       "child_table(child_key1, child_key2)"
  **
  ** 3. Human readable text that describes the parent table and columns. e.g.
  **
  **       "parent_table(parent_key1, parent_key2)"
  **
  ** 4. A full CREATE INDEX statement for an index that could be used to
  **    optimize DELETE or UPDATE statements on the parent table. e.g.
  **
  **       "CREATE INDEX child_table_child_key ON child_table(child_key)"
  **
  ** 5. The name of the parent table.
  **
  ** These six values are used by the C logic below to generate the report.
  */
  const char *zSql =
  "SELECT "
    "     'EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM ' || quote(s.name) || ' WHERE '"
    "  || group_concat(quote(s.name) || '.' || quote(f.[from]) || '=?' "
    "  || fkey_collate_clause("
    "       f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]),' AND ')"
    ", "
    "     'SEARCH TABLE ' || s.name || ' USING COVERING INDEX*('"
    "  || group_concat('*=?', ' AND ') || ')'"
    ", "
    "     s.name  || '(' || group_concat(f.[from],  ', ') || ')'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] || '(' || group_concat(COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name])) || ')'"
    ", "
    "     'CREATE INDEX ' || quote(s.name ||'_'|| group_concat(f.[from], '_'))"
    "  || ' ON ' || quote(s.name) || '('"
    "  || group_concat(quote(f.[from]) ||"
    "        fkey_collate_clause("
    "          f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]), ', ')"
    "  || ');'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] "
    "FROM sqlite_master AS s, pragma_foreign_key_list(s.name) AS f "
    "LEFT JOIN pragma_table_info AS p ON (pk-1=seq AND p.arg=f.[table]) "
    "GROUP BY s.name, f.id "
    "ORDER BY (CASE WHEN ? THEN f.[table] ELSE s.name END)"
  ;
  const char *zGlobIPK = "SEARCH TABLE * USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)";

  for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
    int n = (int)strlen(azArg[i]);
    if( n>1 && sqlite3_strnicmp("-verbose", azArg[i], n)==0 ){
      bVerbose = 1;
    }
    else if( n>1 && sqlite3_strnicmp("-groupbyparent", azArg[i], n)==0 ){
      bGroupByParent = 1;
      zIndent = "    ";
    }
    else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: %s %s ?-verbose? ?-groupbyparent?\n",
          azArg[0], azArg[1]
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }

  /* Register the fkey_collate_clause() SQL function */
  rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "fkey_collate_clause", 4, SQLITE_UTF8,
      0, shellFkeyCollateClause, 0, 0
  );


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pSql, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_int(pSql, 1, bGroupByParent);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    char *zPrev = 0;
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql) ){
      int res = -1;
      sqlite3_stmt *pExplain = 0;
      const char *zEQP = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
      const char *zGlob = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 1);
      const char *zFrom = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 2);
      const char *zTarget = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 3);
      const char *zCI = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 4);
      const char *zParent = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 5);

      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pExplain) ){
        const char *zPlan = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3);
        res = (
              0==sqlite3_strglob(zGlob, zPlan)
           || 0==sqlite3_strglob(zGlobIPK, zPlan)
        );
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      if( res<0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: internal error");
        break;
      }else{
        if( bGroupByParent
        && (bVerbose || res==0)
        && (zPrev==0 || sqlite3_stricmp(zParent, zPrev))
        ){
          raw_printf(out, "-- Parent table %s\n", zParent);
          sqlite3_free(zPrev);
          zPrev = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zParent);
        }

        if( res==0 ){
          raw_printf(out, "%s%s --> %s\n", zIndent, zCI, zTarget);
        }else if( bVerbose ){
          raw_printf(out, "%s/* no extra indexes required for %s -> %s */\n",
              zIndent, zFrom, zTarget
          );
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zPrev);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }

    rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pSql);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
      raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }else{
    raw_printf(stderr, "%s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of ".lint" dot command.
*/
static int lintDotCommand(
  ShellState *pState,             /* Current shell tool state */
  char **azArg,                   /* Array of arguments passed to dot command */
  int nArg                        /* Number of entries in azArg[] */
){
  int n;
  n = (nArg>=2 ? (int)strlen(azArg[1]) : 0);
  if( n<1 || sqlite3_strnicmp(azArg[1], "fkey-indexes", n) ) goto usage;
  return lintFkeyIndexes(pState, azArg, nArg);

 usage:
  raw_printf(stderr, "Usage %s sub-command ?switches...?\n", azArg[0]);
  raw_printf(stderr, "Where sub-commands are:\n");
  raw_printf(stderr, "    fkey-indexes\n");
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}


/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int do_meta_command(char *zLine, ShellState *p){
  int h = 1;
  int nArg = 0;
  int n, c;
  int rc = 0;
  char *azArg[50];

  /* Parse the input line into tokens.
  */
  while( zLine[h] && nArg<ArraySize(azArg) ){
    while( IsSpace(zLine[h]) ){ h++; }
    if( zLine[h]==0 ) break;
    if( zLine[h]=='\'' || zLine[h]=='"' ){
      int delim = zLine[h++];
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[h];
      while( zLine[h] && zLine[h]!=delim ){
        if( zLine[h]=='\\' && delim=='"' && zLine[h+1]!=0 ) h++;
        h++;
      }
      if( zLine[h]==delim ){
        zLine[h++] = 0;
      }
      if( delim=='"' ) resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }else{
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[h];
      while( zLine[h] && !IsSpace(zLine[h]) ){ h++; }
      if( zLine[h] ) zLine[h++] = 0;
      resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }
  }

  /* Process the input line.
  */
  if( nArg==0 ) return 0; /* no tokens, no error */
  n = strlen30(azArg[0]);
  c = azArg[0][0];

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( c=='a' && strncmp(azArg[0], "auth", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .auth ON|OFF\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( booleanValue(azArg[1]) ){
      sqlite3_set_authorizer(p->db, shellAuth, p);
    }else{
      sqlite3_set_authorizer(p->db, 0, 0);
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( (c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "backup", n)==0)
   || (c=='s' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "save", n)==0)
  ){
    const char *zDestFile = 0;
    const char *zDb = 0;
    sqlite3 *pDest;
    sqlite3_backup *pBackup;
    int j;
    for(j=1; j<nArg; j++){
      const char *z = azArg[j];
      if( z[0]=='-' ){
        while( z[0]=='-' ) z++;
        /* No options to process at this time */
        {
          utf8_printf(stderr, "unknown option: %s\n", azArg[j]);
          return 1;
        }
      }else if( zDestFile==0 ){
        zDestFile = azArg[j];
      }else if( zDb==0 ){
        zDb = zDestFile;
        zDestFile = azArg[j];
      }else{
        raw_printf(stderr, "too many arguments to .backup\n");
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( zDestFile==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "missing FILENAME argument on .backup\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( zDb==0 ) zDb = "main";
    rc = sqlite3_open(zDestFile, &pDest);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zDestFile);
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    pBackup = sqlite3_backup_init(pDest, "main", p->db, zDb);
    if( pBackup==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    while(  (rc = sqlite3_backup_step(pBackup,100))==SQLITE_OK ){}
    sqlite3_backup_finish(pBackup);
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = 0;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_close(pDest);
  }else

  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "bail", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      bail_on_error = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .bail on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "binary", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      if( booleanValue(azArg[1]) ){
        setBinaryMode(p->out, 1);
      }else{
        setTextMode(p->out, 1);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .binary on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='c' && strcmp(azArg[0],"cd")==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
      wchar_t *z = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_unicode(azArg[1]);
      rc = !SetCurrentDirectoryW(z);
      sqlite3_free(z);
#else
      rc = chdir(azArg[1]);
#endif
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Cannot change to directory \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .cd DIRECTORY\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  /* The undocumented ".breakpoint" command causes a call to the no-op
  ** routine named test_breakpoint().
  */
  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "breakpoint", n)==0 ){
    test_breakpoint();
  }else

  if( c=='c' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "changes", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      setOrClearFlag(p, SHFLG_CountChanges, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .changes on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  /* Cancel output redirection, if it is currently set (by .testcase)
  ** Then read the content of the testcase-out.txt file and compare against
  ** azArg[1].  If there are differences, report an error and exit.
  */
  if( c=='c' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "check", n)==0 ){
    char *zRes = 0;
    output_reset(p);
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .check GLOB-PATTERN\n");
      rc = 2;
    }else if( (zRes = readFile("testcase-out.txt", 0))==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot read 'testcase-out.txt'\n");
      rc = 2;
    }else if( testcase_glob(azArg[1],zRes)==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,
                 "testcase-%s FAILED\n Expected: [%s]\n      Got: [%s]\n",
                 p->zTestcase, azArg[1], zRes);
      rc = 2;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stdout, "testcase-%s ok\n", p->zTestcase);
      p->nCheck++;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zRes);
  }else

  if( c=='c' && strncmp(azArg[0], "clone", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      tryToClone(p, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .clone FILENAME\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_List;
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.colSeparator),data.colSeparator,": ");
    data.cnt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT name, file FROM pragma_database_list",
                 callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dbinfo", n)==0 ){
    rc = shell_dbinfo_command(p, nArg, azArg);
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 ){
    const char *zLike = 0;
    int i;
    int savedShowHeader = p->showHeader;
    ShellClearFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid|SHFLG_Newlines);
    for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
      if( azArg[i][0]=='-' ){
        const char *z = azArg[i]+1;
        if( z[0]=='-' ) z++;
        if( strcmp(z,"preserve-rowids")==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
          raw_printf(stderr, "The --preserve-rowids option is not compatible"
                             " with SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE\n");
          rc = 1;
          goto meta_command_exit;
#else
          ShellSetFlag(p, SHFLG_PreserveRowid);
#endif
        }else
        if( strcmp(z,"newlines")==0 ){
          ShellSetFlag(p, SHFLG_Newlines);
        }else
        {
          raw_printf(stderr, "Unknown option \"%s\" on \".dump\"\n", azArg[i]);
          rc = 1;
          goto meta_command_exit;
        }
      }else if( zLike ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .dump ?--preserve-rowids? "
                           "?--newlines? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }else{
        zLike = azArg[i];
      }
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    /* When playing back a "dump", the content might appear in an order
    ** which causes immediate foreign key constraints to be violated.
    ** So disable foreign-key constraint enforcement to prevent problems. */
    raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;\n");
    raw_printf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
    p->writableSchema = 0;
    p->showHeader = 0;
    /* Set writable_schema=ON since doing so forces SQLite to initialize
    ** as much of the schema as it can even if the sqlite_master table is
    ** corrupt. */
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SAVEPOINT dump; PRAGMA writable_schema=ON", 0, 0, 0);
    p->nErr = 0;
    if( zLike==0 ){
      run_schema_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type=='table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_schema_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE name=='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_table_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')", 0
      );
    }else{
      char *zSql;
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE tbl_name LIKE %Q AND type=='table'"
        "  AND sql NOT NULL", zLike);
      run_schema_dump_query(p,zSql);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL"
        "  AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')"
        "  AND tbl_name LIKE %Q", zLike);
      run_table_dump_query(p, zSql, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
    if( p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE dump;", 0, 0, 0);
    raw_printf(p->out, p->nErr ? "ROLLBACK; -- due to errors\n" : "COMMIT;\n");
    p->showHeader = savedShowHeader;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      setOrClearFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .echo on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "eqp", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"full")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = 2;
      }else{
        p->autoEQP = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp on|off|full\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  /* The ".explain" command is automatic now.  It is largely pointless.  It
  ** retained purely for backwards compatibility */
  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 ){
    int val = 1;
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"auto")==0 ){
        val = 99;
      }else{
        val =  booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }
    if( val==1 && p->mode!=MODE_Explain ){
      p->normalMode = p->mode;
      p->mode = MODE_Explain;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==0 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==99 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='f' && strncmp(azArg[0], "fullschema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    int doStats = 0;
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    if( nArg==2 && optionMatch(azArg[1], "indent") ){
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Pretty;
      nArg = 1;
    }
    if( nArg!=1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .fullschema ?--indent?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
       callback, &data, &zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
               "SELECT rowid FROM sqlite_master"
               " WHERE name GLOB 'sqlite_stat[134]'",
               -1, &pStmt, 0);
      doStats = sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_master'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat3";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat3",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat4",
                 shell_callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .headers on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "help", n)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", zHelp);
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 ){
    char *zTable;               /* Insert data into this table */
    char *zFile;                /* Name of file to extra content from */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL; /* A statement */
    int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the table */
    int nByte;                  /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
    int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
    int needCommit;             /* True to COMMIT or ROLLBACK at end */
    int nSep;                   /* Number of bytes in p->colSeparator[] */
    char *zSql;                 /* An SQL statement */
    ImportCtx sCtx;             /* Reader context */
    char *(SQLITE_CDECL *xRead)(ImportCtx*); /* Func to read one value */
    int (SQLITE_CDECL *xCloser)(FILE*);      /* Func to close file */

    if( nArg!=3 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .import FILE TABLE\n");
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zFile = azArg[1];
    zTable = azArg[2];
    seenInterrupt = 0;
    memset(&sCtx, 0, sizeof(sCtx));
    open_db(p, 0);
    nSep = strlen30(p->colSeparator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr,
                 "Error: non-null column separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( nSep>1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: multi-character column separators not allowed"
                      " for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    nSep = strlen30(p->rowSeparator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: non-null row separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    if( nSep==2 && p->mode==MODE_Csv && strcmp(p->rowSeparator, SEP_CrLf)==0 ){
      /* When importing CSV (only), if the row separator is set to the
      ** default output row separator, change it to the default input
      ** row separator.  This avoids having to maintain different input
      ** and output row separators. */
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
      nSep = strlen30(p->rowSeparator);
    }
    if( nSep>1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: multi-character row separators not allowed"
                      " for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.zFile = zFile;
    sCtx.nLine = 1;
    if( sCtx.zFile[0]=='|' ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: pipes are not supported in this OS\n");
      return 1;
#else
      sCtx.in = popen(sCtx.zFile+1, "r");
      sCtx.zFile = "<pipe>";
      xCloser = pclose;
#endif
    }else{
      sCtx.in = fopen(sCtx.zFile, "rb");
      xCloser = fclose;
    }
    if( p->mode==MODE_Ascii ){
      xRead = ascii_read_one_field;
    }else{
      xRead = csv_read_one_field;
    }
    if( sCtx.in==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.cColSep = p->colSeparator[0];
    sCtx.cRowSep = p->rowSeparator[0];
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    import_append_char(&sCtx, 0);    /* To ensure sCtx.z is allocated */
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
      while( xRead(&sCtx) ){
        zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%c\n  \"%w\" TEXT", zCreate, cSep, sCtx.z);
        cSep = ',';
        if( sCtx.cTerm!=sCtx.cColSep ) break;
      }
      if( cSep=='(' ){
        sqlite3_free(zCreate);
        sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
        xCloser(sCtx.in);
        utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: empty file\n", sCtx.zFile);
        return 1;
      }
      zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z\n)", zCreate);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCreate, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zCreate);
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "CREATE TABLE %s(...) failed: %s\n", zTable,
                sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
        xCloser(sCtx.in);
        return 1;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = sqlite3_malloc64( nByte*2 + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO \"%w\" VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;
    }
    needCommit = sqlite3_get_autocommit(p->db);
    if( needCommit ) sqlite3_exec(p->db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
    do{
      int startLine = sCtx.nLine;
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *z = xRead(&sCtx);
        /*
        ** Did we reach end-of-file before finding any columns?
        ** If so, stop instead of NULL filling the remaining columns.
        */
        if( z==0 && i==0 ) break;
        /*
        ** Did we reach end-of-file OR end-of-line before finding any
        ** columns in ASCII mode?  If so, stop instead of NULL filling
        ** the remaining columns.
        */
        if( p->mode==MODE_Ascii && (z==0 || z[0]==0) && i==0 ) break;
        sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
        if( i<nCol-1 && sCtx.cTerm!=sCtx.cColSep ){
          utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "
                          "filling the rest with NULL\n",
                          sCtx.zFile, startLine, nCol, i+1);
          i += 2;
          while( i<=nCol ){ sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, i); i++; }
        }
      }
      if( sCtx.cTerm==sCtx.cColSep ){
        do{
          xRead(&sCtx);
          i++;
        }while( sCtx.cTerm==sCtx.cColSep );
        utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: expected %d columns but found %d - "
                        "extras ignored\n",
                        sCtx.zFile, startLine, nCol, i);
      }
      if( i>=nCol ){
        sqlite3_step(pStmt);
        rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          utf8_printf(stderr, "%s:%d: INSERT failed: %s\n", sCtx.zFile,
                      startLine, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        }
      }
    }while( sCtx.cTerm!=EOF );

    xCloser(sCtx.in);
    sqlite3_free(sCtx.z);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( needCommit ) sqlite3_exec(p->db, "COMMIT", 0, 0, 0);
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( nArg!=3 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Usage: .imposter INDEX IMPOSTER\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'", azArg[1]);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      tnum = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( tnum==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "no such index: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_xinfo='%q'", azArg[1]);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    i = 0;
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      char zLabel[20];
      const char *zCol = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2);
      i++;
      if( zCol==0 ){
        if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt,1)==-1 ){
          zCol = "_ROWID_";
        }else{
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zLabel),zLabel,"expr%d",i);
          zCol = zLabel;
        }
      }
      if( zCollist==0 ){
        zCollist = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\"", zCol);
      }else{
        zCollist = sqlite3_mprintf("%z,\"%w\"", zCollist, zCol);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "CREATE TABLE \"%w\"(%s,PRIMARY KEY(%s))WITHOUT ROWID",
          azArg[2], zCollist, zCollist);
    sqlite3_free(zCollist);
    rc = sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 1, tnum);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 0, 0);
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error in [%s]: %s\n", zSql, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      }else{
        utf8_printf(stdout, "%s;\n", zSql);
        raw_printf(stdout,
           "WARNING: writing to an imposter table will corrupt the index!\n"
        );
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER returns %d\n", rc);
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TEST_CONTROL) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "iotrace", n)==0 ){
    SQLITE_API extern void (SQLITE_CDECL *sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...);
    if( iotrace && iotrace!=stdout ) fclose(iotrace);
    iotrace = 0;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1], "-")==0 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      iotrace = stdout;
    }else{
      iotrace = fopen(azArg[1], "w");
      if( iotrace==0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
        rc = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      }
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='l' && n>=5 && strncmp(azArg[0], "limits", n)==0 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zLimitName;   /* Name of a limit */
       int limitCode;            /* Integer code for that limit */
    } aLimit[] = {
      { "length",                SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH                    },
      { "sql_length",            SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH                },
      { "column",                SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN                    },
      { "expr_depth",            SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH                },
      { "compound_select",       SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT           },
      { "vdbe_op",               SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   },
      { "function_arg",          SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              },
      { "attached",              SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  },
      { "like_pattern_length",   SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       },
      { "variable_number",       SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           },
      { "trigger_depth",         SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH             },
      { "worker_threads",        SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS            },
    };
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==1 ){
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[i].zLimitName,
               sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[i].limitCode, -1));
      }
    }else if( nArg>3 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .limit NAME ?NEW-VALUE?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }else{
      int iLimit = -1;
      n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        if( sqlite3_strnicmp(aLimit[i].zLimitName, azArg[1], n2)==0 ){
          if( iLimit<0 ){
            iLimit = i;
          }else{
            utf8_printf(stderr, "ambiguous limit: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
            rc = 1;
            goto meta_command_exit;
          }
        }
      }
      if( iLimit<0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "unknown limit: \"%s\"\n"
                        "enter \".limits\" with no arguments for a list.\n",
                         azArg[1]);
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      if( nArg==3 ){
        sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[iLimit].limitCode,
                      (int)integerValue(azArg[2]));
      }
      printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[iLimit].zLimitName,
             sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[iLimit].limitCode, -1));
    }
  }else

  if( c=='l' && n>2 && strncmp(azArg[0], "lint", n)==0 ){
    open_db(p, 0);
    lintDotCommand(p, azArg, nArg);
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "load", n)==0 ){
    const char *zFile, *zProc;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .load FILE ?ENTRYPOINT?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zFile = azArg[1];
    zProc = nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_load_extension(p->db, zFile, zProc, &zErrMsg);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "log", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .log FILENAME\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      const char *zFile = azArg[1];
      output_file_close(p->pLog);
      p->pLog = output_file_open(zFile);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='m' && strncmp(azArg[0], "mode", n)==0 ){
    const char *zMode = nArg>=2 ? azArg[1] : "";
    int n2 = (int)strlen(zMode);
    int c2 = zMode[0];
    if( c2=='l' && n2>2 && strncmp(azArg[1],"lines",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Line;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='c' && strncmp(azArg[1],"columns",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Column;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='l' && n2>2 && strncmp(azArg[1],"list",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Column);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='h' && strncmp(azArg[1],"html",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Html;
    }else if( c2=='t' && strncmp(azArg[1],"tcl",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Tcl;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Space);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Row);
    }else if( c2=='c' && strncmp(azArg[1],"csv",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Csv;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Comma);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_CrLf);
    }else if( c2=='t' && strncmp(azArg[1],"tabs",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Tab);
    }else if( c2=='i' && strncmp(azArg[1],"insert",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Insert;
      set_table_name(p, nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : "table");
    }else if( c2=='q' && strncmp(azArg[1],"quote",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Quote;
    }else if( c2=='a' && strncmp(azArg[1],"ascii",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Ascii;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else if( nArg==1 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "current output mode: %s\n", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: mode should be one of: "
         "ascii column csv html insert line list quote tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    p->cMode = p->mode;
  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->nullValue), p->nullValue,
                       "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->nullValue)-1, azArg[1]);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .nullvalue STRING\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='o' && strncmp(azArg[0], "open", n)==0 && n>=2 ){
    char *zNewFilename;  /* Name of the database file to open */
    int iName = 1;       /* Index in azArg[] of the filename */
    int newFlag = 0;     /* True to delete file before opening */
    /* Close the existing database */
    session_close_all(p);
    sqlite3_close(p->db);
    p->db = 0;
    p->zDbFilename = 0;
    sqlite3_free(p->zFreeOnClose);
    p->zFreeOnClose = 0;
    /* Check for command-line arguments */
    for(iName=1; iName<nArg && azArg[iName][0]=='-'; iName++){
      const char *z = azArg[iName];
      if( optionMatch(z,"new") ){
        newFlag = 1;
      }else if( z[0]=='-' ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "unknown option: %s\n", z);
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
    }
    /* If a filename is specified, try to open it first */
    zNewFilename = nArg>iName ? sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azArg[iName]) : 0;
    if( zNewFilename ){
      if( newFlag ) shellDeleteFile(zNewFilename);
      p->zDbFilename = zNewFilename;
      open_db(p, 1);
      if( p->db==0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open '%s'\n", zNewFilename);
        sqlite3_free(zNewFilename);
      }else{
        p->zFreeOnClose = zNewFilename;
      }
    }
    if( p->db==0 ){
      /* As a fall-back open a TEMP database */
      p->zDbFilename = 0;
      open_db(p, 0);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='o'
   && (strncmp(azArg[0], "output", n)==0 || strncmp(azArg[0], "once", n)==0)
  ){
    const char *zFile = nArg>=2 ? azArg[1] : "stdout";
    if( nArg>2 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Usage: .%s FILE\n", azArg[0]);
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    if( n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "once", n)==0 ){
      if( nArg<2 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .once FILE\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      p->outCount = 2;
    }else{
      p->outCount = 0;
    }
    output_reset(p);
    if( zFile[0]=='|' ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: pipes are not supported in this OS\n");
      rc = 1;
      p->out = stdout;
#else
      p->out = popen(zFile + 1, "w");
      if( p->out==0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: cannot open pipe \"%s\"\n", zFile + 1);
        p->out = stdout;
        rc = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "%s", zFile);
      }
#endif
    }else{
      p->out = output_file_open(zFile);
      if( p->out==0 ){
        if( strcmp(zFile,"off")!=0 ){
          utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: cannot write to \"%s\"\n", zFile);
        }
        p->out = stdout;
        rc = 1;
      } else {
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "%s", zFile);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( c=='p' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "print", n)==0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
      if( i>1 ) raw_printf(p->out, " ");
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", azArg[i]);
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  }else

  if( c=='p' && strncmp(azArg[0], "prompt", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg >= 2) {
      strncpy(mainPrompt,azArg[1],(int)ArraySize(mainPrompt)-1);
    }
    if( nArg >= 3) {
      strncpy(continuePrompt,azArg[2],(int)ArraySize(continuePrompt)-1);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='q' && strncmp(azArg[0], "quit", n)==0 ){
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='r' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "read", n)==0 ){
    FILE *alt;
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .read FILE\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    alt = fopen(azArg[1], "rb");
    if( alt==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      rc = process_input(p, alt);
      fclose(alt);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='r' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "restore", n)==0 ){
    const char *zSrcFile;
    const char *zDb;
    sqlite3 *pSrc;
    sqlite3_backup *pBackup;
    int nTimeout = 0;

    if( nArg==2 ){
      zSrcFile = azArg[1];
      zDb = "main";
    }else if( nArg==3 ){
      zSrcFile = azArg[2];
      zDb = azArg[1];
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .restore ?DB? FILE\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_open(zSrcFile, &pSrc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zSrcFile);
      sqlite3_close(pSrc);
      return 1;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    pBackup = sqlite3_backup_init(p->db, zDb, pSrc, "main");
    if( pBackup==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      sqlite3_close(pSrc);
      return 1;
    }
    while( (rc = sqlite3_backup_step(pBackup,100))==SQLITE_OK
          || rc==SQLITE_BUSY  ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        if( nTimeout++ >= 3 ) break;
        sqlite3_sleep(100);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_backup_finish(pBackup);
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = 0;
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_LOCKED ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: source database is busy\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_close(pSrc);
  }else


  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "scanstats", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->scanstatsOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
      raw_printf(stderr, "Warning: .scanstats not available in this build.\n");
#endif
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .scanstats on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "schema", n)==0 ){
    ShellText sSelect;
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    const char *zDiv = 0;
    int iSchema = 0;

    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    initText(&sSelect);
    if( nArg>=2 && optionMatch(azArg[1], "indent") ){
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Pretty;
      nArg--;
      if( nArg==2 ) azArg[1] = azArg[2];
    }
    if( nArg==2 && azArg[1][0]!='-' ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; azArg[1][i]; i++) azArg[1][i] = ToLower(azArg[1][i]);
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")";
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_temp_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TEMP TABLE sqlite_temp_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")";
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        zDiv = "(";
      }
    }else if( nArg==1 ){
      zDiv = "(";
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .schema ?--indent? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    if( zDiv ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, "SELECT name FROM pragma_database_list",
                              -1, &pStmt, 0);
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      appendText(&sSelect, "SELECT sql FROM", 0);
      iSchema = 0;
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        char zScNum[30];
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zScNum), zScNum, "%d", ++iSchema);
        appendText(&sSelect, zDiv, 0);
        zDiv = " UNION ALL ";
        if( strcmp(zDb, "main")!=0 ){
          appendText(&sSelect, "SELECT shell_add_schema(sql,", 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, zDb, '"');
          appendText(&sSelect, ") AS sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid,", 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, zScNum, 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, " AS snum, ", 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, zDb, '\'');
          appendText(&sSelect, " AS sname FROM ", 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, zDb, '"');
          appendText(&sSelect, ".sqlite_master", 0);
        }else{
          appendText(&sSelect, "SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid, ", 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, zScNum, 0);
          appendText(&sSelect, " AS snum, 'main' AS sname FROM sqlite_master",0);
        }
      }
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      appendText(&sSelect, ") WHERE ", 0);
      if( nArg>1 ){
        char *zQarg = sqlite3_mprintf("%Q", azArg[1]);
        if( strchr(azArg[1], '.') ){
          appendText(&sSelect, "lower(printf('%s.%s',sname,tbl_name))", 0);
        }else{
          appendText(&sSelect, "lower(tbl_name)", 0);
        }
        appendText(&sSelect, strchr(azArg[1], '*') ? " GLOB " : " LIKE ", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zQarg, 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, " AND ", 0);
        sqlite3_free(zQarg);
      }
      appendText(&sSelect, "type!='meta' AND sql IS NOT NULL"
                           " ORDER BY snum, rowid", 0);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, sSelect.z, callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      freeText(&sSelect);
    }
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }else if( rc != SQLITE_OK ){
      raw_printf(stderr,"Error: querying schema information\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      rc = 0;
    }
  }else

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
  if( c=='s' && n==11 && strncmp(azArg[0], "selecttrace", n)==0 ){
    sqlite3SelectTrace = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]);
  }else
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0],"session",n)==0 && n>=3 ){
    OpenSession *pSession = &p->aSession[0];
    char **azCmd = &azArg[1];
    int iSes = 0;
    int nCmd = nArg - 1;
    int i;
    if( nArg<=1 ) goto session_syntax_error;
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg>=3 ){
      for(iSes=0; iSes<p->nSession; iSes++){
        if( strcmp(p->aSession[iSes].zName, azArg[1])==0 ) break;
      }
      if( iSes<p->nSession ){
        pSession = &p->aSession[iSes];
        azCmd++;
        nCmd--;
      }else{
        pSession = &p->aSession[0];
        iSes = 0;
      }
    }

    /* .session attach TABLE
    ** Invoke the sqlite3session_attach() interface to attach a particular
    ** table so that it is never filtered.
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0],"attach")==0 ){
      if( nCmd!=2 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      if( pSession->p==0 ){
        session_not_open:
        raw_printf(stderr, "ERROR: No sessions are open\n");
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3session_attach(pSession->p, azCmd[1]);
        if( rc ){
          raw_printf(stderr, "ERROR: sqlite3session_attach() returns %d\n", rc);
          rc = 0;
        }
      }
    }else

    /* .session changeset FILE
    ** .session patchset FILE
    ** Write a changeset or patchset into a file.  The file is overwritten.
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0],"changeset")==0 || strcmp(azCmd[0],"patchset")==0 ){
      FILE *out = 0;
      if( nCmd!=2 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      if( pSession->p==0 ) goto session_not_open;
      out = fopen(azCmd[1], "wb");
      if( out==0 ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "ERROR: cannot open \"%s\" for writing\n", azCmd[1]);
      }else{
        int szChng;
        void *pChng;
        if( azCmd[0][0]=='c' ){
          rc = sqlite3session_changeset(pSession->p, &szChng, &pChng);
        }else{
          rc = sqlite3session_patchset(pSession->p, &szChng, &pChng);
        }
        if( rc ){
          printf("Error: error code %d\n", rc);
          rc = 0;
        }
        if( pChng
          && fwrite(pChng, szChng, 1, out)!=1 ){
          raw_printf(stderr, "ERROR: Failed to write entire %d-byte output\n",
                  szChng);
        }
        sqlite3_free(pChng);
        fclose(out);
      }
    }else

    /* .session close
    ** Close the identified session
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0], "close")==0 ){
      if( nCmd!=1 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      if( p->nSession ){
        session_close(pSession);
        p->aSession[iSes] = p->aSession[--p->nSession];
      }
    }else

    /* .session enable ?BOOLEAN?
    ** Query or set the enable flag
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0], "enable")==0 ){
      int ii;
      if( nCmd>2 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      ii = nCmd==1 ? -1 : booleanValue(azCmd[1]);
      if( p->nSession ){
        ii = sqlite3session_enable(pSession->p, ii);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "session %s enable flag = %d\n",
                    pSession->zName, ii);
      }
    }else

    /* .session filter GLOB ....
    ** Set a list of GLOB patterns of table names to be excluded.
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0], "filter")==0 ){
      int ii, nByte;
      if( nCmd<2 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      if( p->nSession ){
        for(ii=0; ii<pSession->nFilter; ii++){
          sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter[ii]);
        }
        sqlite3_free(pSession->azFilter);
        nByte = sizeof(pSession->azFilter[0])*(nCmd-1);
        pSession->azFilter = sqlite3_malloc( nByte );
        if( pSession->azFilter==0 ){
          raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out or memory\n");
          exit(1);
        }
        for(ii=1; ii<nCmd; ii++){
          pSession->azFilter[ii-1] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azCmd[ii]);
        }
        pSession->nFilter = ii-1;
      }
    }else

    /* .session indirect ?BOOLEAN?
    ** Query or set the indirect flag
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0], "indirect")==0 ){
      int ii;
      if( nCmd>2 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      ii = nCmd==1 ? -1 : booleanValue(azCmd[1]);
      if( p->nSession ){
        ii = sqlite3session_indirect(pSession->p, ii);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "session %s indirect flag = %d\n",
                    pSession->zName, ii);
      }
    }else

    /* .session isempty
    ** Determine if the session is empty
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0], "isempty")==0 ){
      int ii;
      if( nCmd!=1 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      if( p->nSession ){
        ii = sqlite3session_isempty(pSession->p);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "session %s isempty flag = %d\n",
                    pSession->zName, ii);
      }
    }else

    /* .session list
    ** List all currently open sessions
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0],"list")==0 ){
      for(i=0; i<p->nSession; i++){
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%d %s\n", i, p->aSession[i].zName);
      }
    }else

    /* .session open DB NAME
    ** Open a new session called NAME on the attached database DB.
    ** DB is normally "main".
    */
    if( strcmp(azCmd[0],"open")==0 ){
      char *zName;
      if( nCmd!=3 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      zName = azCmd[2];
      if( zName[0]==0 ) goto session_syntax_error;
      for(i=0; i<p->nSession; i++){
        if( strcmp(p->aSession[i].zName,zName)==0 ){
          utf8_printf(stderr, "Session \"%s\" already exists\n", zName);
          goto meta_command_exit;
        }
      }
      if( p->nSession>=ArraySize(p->aSession) ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Maximum of %d sessions\n", ArraySize(p->aSession));
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      pSession = &p->aSession[p->nSession];
      rc = sqlite3session_create(p->db, azCmd[1], &pSession->p);
      if( rc ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Cannot open session: error code=%d\n", rc);
        rc = 0;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      pSession->nFilter = 0;
      sqlite3session_table_filter(pSession->p, session_filter, pSession);
      p->nSession++;
      pSession->zName = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zName);
    }else
    /* If no command name matches, show a syntax error */
    session_syntax_error:
    session_help(p);
  }else
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Undocumented commands for internal testing.  Subject to change
  ** without notice. */
  if( c=='s' && n>=10 && strncmp(azArg[0], "selftest-", 9)==0 ){
    if( strncmp(azArg[0]+9, "boolean", n-9)==0 ){
      int i, v;
      for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
        v = booleanValue(azArg[i]);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s: %d 0x%x\n", azArg[i], v, v);
      }
    }
    if( strncmp(azArg[0]+9, "integer", n-9)==0 ){
      int i; sqlite3_int64 v;
      for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
        char zBuf[200];
        v = integerValue(azArg[i]);
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%s: %lld 0x%llx\n", azArg[i],v,v);
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", zBuf);
      }
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='s' && n>=4 && strncmp(azArg[0],"selftest",n)==0 ){
    int bIsInit = 0;         /* True to initialize the SELFTEST table */
    int bVerbose = 0;        /* Verbose output */
    int bSelftestExists;     /* True if SELFTEST already exists */
    int i, k;                /* Loop counters */
    int nTest = 0;           /* Number of tests runs */
    int nErr = 0;            /* Number of errors seen */
    ShellText str;           /* Answer for a query */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0; /* Query against the SELFTEST table */

    open_db(p,0);
    for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
      const char *z = azArg[i];
      if( z[0]=='-' && z[1]=='-' ) z++;
      if( strcmp(z,"-init")==0 ){
        bIsInit = 1;
      }else
      if( strcmp(z,"-v")==0 ){
        bVerbose++;
      }else
      {
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Unknown option \"%s\" on \"%s\"\n",
                    azArg[i], azArg[0]);
        raw_printf(stderr, "Should be one of: --init -v\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3_table_column_metadata(p->db,"main","selftest",0,0,0,0,0,0)
           != SQLITE_OK ){
      bSelftestExists = 0;
    }else{
      bSelftestExists = 1;
    }
    if( bIsInit ){
      createSelftestTable(p);
      bSelftestExists = 1;
    }
    initText(&str);
    appendText(&str, "x", 0);
    for(k=bSelftestExists; k>=0; k--){
      if( k==1 ){
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
            "SELECT tno,op,cmd,ans FROM selftest ORDER BY tno",
            -1, &pStmt, 0);
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
          "VALUES(0,'memo','Missing SELFTEST table - default checks only',''),"
          "      (1,'run','PRAGMA integrity_check','ok')",
          -1, &pStmt, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error querying the selftest table\n");
        rc = 1;
        sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      for(i=1; sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW; i++){
        int tno = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
        const char *zOp = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
        const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2);
        const char *zAns = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 3);

        k = 0;
        if( bVerbose>0 ){
          char *zQuote = sqlite3_mprintf("%q", zSql);
          printf("%d: %s %s\n", tno, zOp, zSql);
          sqlite3_free(zQuote);
        }
        if( strcmp(zOp,"memo")==0 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zSql);
        }else
        if( strcmp(zOp,"run")==0 ){
          char *zErrMsg = 0;
          str.n = 0;
          str.z[0] = 0;
          rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zSql, captureOutputCallback, &str, &zErrMsg);
          nTest++;
          if( bVerbose ){
            utf8_printf(p->out, "Result: %s\n", str.z);
          }
          if( rc || zErrMsg ){
            nErr++;
            rc = 1;
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%d: error-code-%d: %s\n", tno, rc, zErrMsg);
            sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
          }else if( strcmp(zAns,str.z)!=0 ){
            nErr++;
            rc = 1;
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%d: Expected: [%s]\n", tno, zAns);
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%d:      Got: [%s]\n", tno, str.z);
          }
        }else
        {
          utf8_printf(stderr,
            "Unknown operation \"%s\" on selftest line %d\n", zOp, tno);
          rc = 1;
          break;
        }
      } /* End loop over rows of content from SELFTEST */
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    } /* End loop over k */
    freeText(&str);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%d errors out of %d tests\n", nErr, nTest);
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "separator", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg<2 || nArg>3 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .separator COL ?ROW?\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator,
                       "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->colSeparator)-1, azArg[1]);
    }
    if( nArg>=3 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator,
                       "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->rowSeparator)-1, azArg[2]);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='s' && n>=4 && strncmp(azArg[0],"sha3sum",n)==0 ){
    const char *zLike = 0;   /* Which table to checksum. 0 means everything */
    int i;                   /* Loop counter */
    int bSchema = 0;         /* Also hash the schema */
    int bSeparate = 0;       /* Hash each table separately */
    int iSize = 224;         /* Hash algorithm to use */
    int bDebug = 0;          /* Only show the query that would have run */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;     /* For querying tables names */
    char *zSql;              /* SQL to be run */
    char *zSep;              /* Separator */
    ShellText sSql;          /* Complete SQL for the query to run the hash */
    ShellText sQuery;        /* Set of queries used to read all content */
    open_db(p, 0);
    for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
      const char *z = azArg[i];
      if( z[0]=='-' ){
        z++;
        if( z[0]=='-' ) z++;
        if( strcmp(z,"schema")==0 ){
          bSchema = 1;
        }else
        if( strcmp(z,"sha3-224")==0 || strcmp(z,"sha3-256")==0
         || strcmp(z,"sha3-384")==0 || strcmp(z,"sha3-512")==0
        ){
          iSize = atoi(&z[5]);
        }else
        if( strcmp(z,"debug")==0 ){
          bDebug = 1;
        }else
        {
          utf8_printf(stderr, "Unknown option \"%s\" on \"%s\"\n",
                      azArg[i], azArg[0]);
          raw_printf(stderr, "Should be one of: --schema"
                             " --sha3-224 --sha3-255 --sha3-384 --sha3-512\n");
          rc = 1;
          goto meta_command_exit;
        }
      }else if( zLike ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .sha3sum ?OPTIONS? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }else{
        zLike = z;
        bSeparate = 1;
        if( sqlite3_strlike("sqlite_%", zLike, 0)==0 ) bSchema = 1;
      }
    }
    if( bSchema ){
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_master"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " UNION ALL SELECT 'sqlite_master'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }else{
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_master"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    initText(&sQuery);
    initText(&sSql);
    appendText(&sSql, "WITH [sha3sum$query](a,b) AS(",0);
    zSep = "VALUES(";
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      const char *zTab = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
      if( zLike && sqlite3_strlike(zLike, zTab, 0)!=0 ) continue;
      if( strncmp(zTab, "sqlite_",7)!=0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT * FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sQuery,zTab,'"');
        appendText(&sQuery," NOT INDEXED;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_master")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql FROM sqlite_master"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT name,seq FROM sqlite_sequence"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_stat1")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM sqlite_stat1"
                           " ORDER BY tbl,idx;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_stat3")==0
             || strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_stat4")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery, "SELECT * FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sQuery, zTab, 0);
        appendText(&sQuery, " ORDER BY tbl, idx, rowid;\n", 0);
      }
      appendText(&sSql, zSep, 0);
      appendText(&sSql, sQuery.z, '\'');
      sQuery.n = 0;
      appendText(&sSql, ",", 0);
      appendText(&sSql, zTab, '\'');
      zSep = "),(";
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    if( bSeparate ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "%s))"
          " SELECT lower(hex(sha3_query(a,%d))) AS hash, b AS label"
          "   FROM [sha3sum$query]",
          sSql.z, iSize);
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "%s))"
          " SELECT lower(hex(sha3_query(group_concat(a,''),%d))) AS hash"
          "   FROM [sha3sum$query]",
          sSql.z, iSize);
    }
    freeText(&sQuery);
    freeText(&sSql);
    if( bDebug ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zSql);
    }else{
      shell_exec(p->db, zSql, shell_callback, p, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }else

  if( c=='s'
   && (strncmp(azArg[0], "shell", n)==0 || strncmp(azArg[0],"system",n)==0)
  ){
    char *zCmd;
    int i, x;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .system COMMAND\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zCmd = sqlite3_mprintf(strchr(azArg[1],' ')==0?"%s":"\"%s\"", azArg[1]);
    for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
      zCmd = sqlite3_mprintf(strchr(azArg[i],' ')==0?"%z %s":"%z \"%s\"",
                             zCmd, azArg[i]);
    }
    x = system(zCmd);
    sqlite3_free(zCmd);
    if( x ) raw_printf(stderr, "System command returns %d\n", x);
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "show", n)==0 ){
    static const char *azBool[] = { "off", "on", "full", "unk" };
    int i;
    if( nArg!=1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .show\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","echo",
                                  azBool[ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo)]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","eqp", azBool[p->autoEQP&3]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","explain",
         p->mode==MODE_Explain ? "on" : p->autoExplain ? "auto" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","headers", azBool[p->showHeader!=0]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullValue);
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: ", "colseparator");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->colSeparator);
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: ", "rowseparator");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->rowSeparator);
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","stats", azBool[p->statsOn!=0]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: ", "width");
    for (i=0;i<(int)ArraySize(p->colWidth) && p->colWidth[i] != 0;i++) {
      raw_printf(p->out, "%d ", p->colWidth[i]);
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n", "filename",
                p->zDbFilename ? p->zDbFilename : "");
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "stats", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->statsOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
    }else if( nArg==1 ){
      display_stats(p->db, p, 0);
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .stats ?on|off?\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( (c=='t' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "tables", n)==0)
   || (c=='i' && (strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0
                 || strncmp(azArg[0], "indexes", n)==0) )
  ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    char **azResult;
    int nRow, nAlloc;
    int ii;
    ShellText s;
    initText(&s);
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc ) return shellDatabaseError(p->db);

    if( nArg>2 && c=='i' ){
      /* It is an historical accident that the .indexes command shows an error
      ** when called with the wrong number of arguments whereas the .tables
      ** command does not. */
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .indexes ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    for(ii=0; sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW; ii++){
      const char *zDbName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
      if( zDbName==0 ) continue;
      if( s.z && s.z[0] ) appendText(&s, " UNION ALL ", 0);
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(zDbName, "main")==0 ){
        appendText(&s, "SELECT name FROM ", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s, "SELECT ", 0);
        appendText(&s, zDbName, '\'');
        appendText(&s, "||'.'||name FROM ", 0);
      }
      appendText(&s, zDbName, '"');
      appendText(&s, ".sqlite_master ", 0);
      if( c=='t' ){
        appendText(&s," WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
                      "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
                      "   AND name LIKE ?1", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s," WHERE type='index'"
                      "   AND tbl_name LIKE ?1", 0);
      }
    }
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    appendText(&s, " ORDER BY 1", 0);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, s.z, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    freeText(&s);
    if( rc ) return shellDatabaseError(p->db);

    /* Run the SQL statement prepared by the above block. Store the results
    ** as an array of nul-terminated strings in azResult[].  */
    nRow = nAlloc = 0;
    azResult = 0;
    if( nArg>1 ){
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, azArg[1], -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, "%", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( nRow>=nAlloc ){
        char **azNew;
        int n2 = nAlloc*2 + 10;
        azNew = sqlite3_realloc64(azResult, sizeof(azResult[0])*n2);
        if( azNew==0 ){
          rc = shellNomemError();
          break;
        }
        nAlloc = n2;
        azResult = azNew;
      }
      azResult[nRow] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
      if( 0==azResult[nRow] ){
        rc = shellNomemError();
        break;
      }
      nRow++;
    }
    if( sqlite3_finalize(pStmt)!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = shellDatabaseError(p->db);
    }

    /* Pretty-print the contents of array azResult[] to the output */
    if( rc==0 && nRow>0 ){
      int len, maxlen = 0;
      int i, j;
      int nPrintCol, nPrintRow;
      for(i=0; i<nRow; i++){
        len = strlen30(azResult[i]);
        if( len>maxlen ) maxlen = len;
      }
      nPrintCol = 80/(maxlen+2);
      if( nPrintCol<1 ) nPrintCol = 1;
      nPrintRow = (nRow + nPrintCol - 1)/nPrintCol;
      for(i=0; i<nPrintRow; i++){
        for(j=i; j<nRow; j+=nPrintRow){
          char *zSp = j<nPrintRow ? "" : "  ";
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s%-*s", zSp, maxlen,
                      azResult[j] ? azResult[j]:"");
        }
        raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<nRow; ii++) sqlite3_free(azResult[ii]);
    sqlite3_free(azResult);
  }else

  /* Begin redirecting output to the file "testcase-out.txt" */
  if( c=='t' && strcmp(azArg[0],"testcase")==0 ){
    output_reset(p);
    p->out = output_file_open("testcase-out.txt");
    if( p->out==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open 'testcase-out.txt'\n");
    }
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "%s", azArg[1]);
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "?");
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='t' && n>=8 && strncmp(azArg[0], "testctrl", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zCtrlName;   /* Name of a test-control option */
       int ctrlCode;            /* Integer code for that option */
    } aCtrl[] = {
      { "prng_save",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE              },
      { "prng_restore",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE           },
      { "prng_reset",            SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET             },
      { "bitvec_test",           SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST            },
      { "fault_install",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL          },
      { "benign_malloc_hooks",   SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS    },
      { "pending_byte",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE           },
      { "assert",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                 },
      { "always",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                 },
      { "reserve",               SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                },
      { "optimizations",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS          },
      { "iskeyword",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD              },
      { "byteorder",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER              },
      { "never_corrupt",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT          },
      { "imposter",              SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER               },
    };
    int testctrl = -1;
    int rc2 = 0;
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
    ** of the option name, or a numerical value. */
    n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aCtrl); i++){
      if( strncmp(azArg[1], aCtrl[i].zCtrlName, n2)==0 ){
        if( testctrl<0 ){
          testctrl = aCtrl[i].ctrlCode;
        }else{
          utf8_printf(stderr, "ambiguous option name: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
          testctrl = -1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( testctrl<0 ) testctrl = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]);
    if( (testctrl<SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FIRST) || (testctrl>SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST) ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: invalid testctrl option: %s\n", azArg[1]);
    }else{
      switch(testctrl){

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, db, int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE:
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = (int)strtol(azArg[2], 0, 0);
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, p->db, opt);
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          } else {
            utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                    azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER:
          if( nArg==2 ){
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl);
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          } else {
            utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes no options\n",
                        azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, uint) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE:
          if( nArg==3 ){
            unsigned int opt = (unsigned int)integerValue(azArg[2]);
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          } else {
            utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single unsigned"
                           " int option\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT:
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = booleanValue(azArg[2]);
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          } else {
            utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                            azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, char *) */
#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD:
          if( nArg==3 ){
            const char *opt = azArg[2];
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          } else {
            utf8_printf(stderr,
                        "Error: testctrl %s takes a single char * option\n",
                        azArg[1]);
          }
          break;
#endif

        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER:
          if( nArg==5 ){
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, p->db,
                          azArg[2],
                          integerValue(azArg[3]),
                          integerValue(azArg[4]));
            raw_printf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc2, rc2);
          }else{
            raw_printf(stderr,"Usage: .testctrl imposter dbName onoff tnum\n");
          }
          break;

        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS:
        default:
          utf8_printf(stderr,
                      "Error: CLI support for testctrl %s not implemented\n",
                      azArg[1]);
          break;
      }
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE) */

  if( c=='t' && n>4 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timeout", n)==0 ){
    open_db(p, 0);
    sqlite3_busy_timeout(p->db, nArg>=2 ? (int)integerValue(azArg[1]) : 0);
  }else

  if( c=='t' && n>=5 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timer", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      enableTimer = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      if( enableTimer && !HAS_TIMER ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: timer not available on this system.\n");
        enableTimer = 0;
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .timer on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='t' && strncmp(azArg[0], "trace", n)==0 ){
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg!=2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .trace FILE|off\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    output_file_close(p->traceOut);
    p->traceOut = output_file_open(azArg[1]);
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
    if( p->traceOut==0 ){
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, 0, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, SQLITE_TRACE_STMT, sql_trace_callback,p->traceOut);
    }
#endif
  }else

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  if( c=='u' && strncmp(azArg[0], "user", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user SUBCOMMAND ...\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( strcmp(azArg[1],"login")==0 ){
      if( nArg!=4 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user login USER PASSWORD\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_user_authenticate(p->db, azArg[2], azArg[3],
                                    (int)strlen(azArg[3]));
      if( rc ){
        utf8_printf(stderr, "Authentication failed for user %s\n", azArg[2]);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"add")==0 ){
      if( nArg!=5 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user add USER PASSWORD ISADMIN\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_user_add(p->db, azArg[2],
                            azArg[3], (int)strlen(azArg[3]),
                            booleanValue(azArg[4]));
      if( rc ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "User-Add failed: %d\n", rc);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"edit")==0 ){
      if( nArg!=5 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user edit USER PASSWORD ISADMIN\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_user_change(p->db, azArg[2],
                              azArg[3], (int)strlen(azArg[3]),
                              booleanValue(azArg[4]));
      if( rc ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "User-Edit failed: %d\n", rc);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"delete")==0 ){
      if( nArg!=3 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user delete USER\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_user_delete(p->db, azArg[2]);
      if( rc ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "User-Delete failed: %d\n", rc);
        rc = 1;
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user login|add|edit|delete ...\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION */

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "version", n)==0 ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "SQLite %s %s\n" /*extra-version-info*/,
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid());
  }else

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "vfsinfo", n)==0 ){
    const char *zDbName = nArg==2 ? azArg[1] : "main";
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = 0;
    if( p->db ){
      sqlite3_file_control(p->db, zDbName, SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER, &pVfs);
      if( pVfs ){
        utf8_printf(p->out, "vfs.zName      = \"%s\"\n", pVfs->zName);
        raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.iVersion   = %d\n", pVfs->iVersion);
        raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.szOsFile   = %d\n", pVfs->szOsFile);
        raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.mxPathname = %d\n", pVfs->mxPathname);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "vfslist", n)==0 ){
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;
    sqlite3_vfs *pCurrent = 0;
    if( p->db ){
      sqlite3_file_control(p->db, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER, &pCurrent);
    }
    for(pVfs=sqlite3_vfs_find(0); pVfs; pVfs=pVfs->pNext){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "vfs.zName      = \"%s\"%s\n", pVfs->zName,
           pVfs==pCurrent ? "  <--- CURRENT" : "");
      raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.iVersion   = %d\n", pVfs->iVersion);
      raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.szOsFile   = %d\n", pVfs->szOsFile);
      raw_printf(p->out, "vfs.mxPathname = %d\n", pVfs->mxPathname);
      if( pVfs->pNext ){
        raw_printf(p->out, "-----------------------------------\n");
      }
    }
  }else

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "vfsname", n)==0 ){
    const char *zDbName = nArg==2 ? azArg[1] : "main";
    char *zVfsName = 0;
    if( p->db ){
      sqlite3_file_control(p->db, zDbName, SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME, &zVfsName);
      if( zVfsName ){
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zVfsName);
        sqlite3_free(zVfsName);
      }
    }
  }else

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE)
  if( c=='w' && strncmp(azArg[0], "wheretrace", n)==0 ){
    sqlite3WhereTrace = nArg>=2 ? booleanValue(azArg[1]) : 0xff;
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='w' && strncmp(azArg[0], "width", n)==0 ){
    int j;
    assert( nArg<=ArraySize(azArg) );
    for(j=1; j<nArg && j<ArraySize(p->colWidth); j++){
      p->colWidth[j-1] = (int)integerValue(azArg[j]);
    }
  }else

  {
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: unknown command or invalid arguments: "
      " \"%s\". Enter \".help\" for help\n", azArg[0]);
    rc = 1;
  }

meta_command_exit:
  if( p->outCount ){
    p->outCount--;
    if( p->outCount==0 ) output_reset(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if a semicolon occurs anywhere in the first N characters
** of string z[].
*/
static int line_contains_semicolon(const char *z, int N){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<N; i++){  if( z[i]==';' ) return 1; }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Test to see if a line consists entirely of whitespace.
*/
static int _all_whitespace(const char *z){
  for(; *z; z++){
    if( IsSpace(z[0]) ) continue;
    if( *z=='/' && z[1]=='*' ){
      z += 2;
      while( *z && (*z!='*' || z[1]!='/') ){ z++; }
      if( *z==0 ) return 0;
      z++;
      continue;
    }
    if( *z=='-' && z[1]=='-' ){
      z += 2;
      while( *z && *z!='\n' ){ z++; }
      if( *z==0 ) return 1;
      continue;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the line typed in is an SQL command terminator other
** than a semi-colon.  The SQL Server style "go" command is understood
** as is the Oracle "/".
*/
static int line_is_command_terminator(const char *zLine){
  while( IsSpace(zLine[0]) ){ zLine++; };
  if( zLine[0]=='/' && _all_whitespace(&zLine[1]) ){
    return 1;  /* Oracle */
  }
  if( ToLower(zLine[0])=='g' && ToLower(zLine[1])=='o'
         && _all_whitespace(&zLine[2]) ){
    return 1;  /* SQL Server */
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return true if zSql is a complete SQL statement.  Return false if it
** ends in the middle of a string literal or C-style comment.
*/
static int line_is_complete(char *zSql, int nSql){
  int rc;
  if( zSql==0 ) return 1;
  zSql[nSql] = ';';
  zSql[nSql+1] = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_complete(zSql);
  zSql[nSql] = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Run a single line of SQL
*/
static int runOneSqlLine(ShellState *p, char *zSql, FILE *in, int startline){
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  open_db(p, 0);
  if( ShellHasFlag(p,SHFLG_Backslash) ) resolve_backslashes(zSql);
  BEGIN_TIMER;
  rc = shell_exec(p->db, zSql, shell_callback, p, &zErrMsg);
  END_TIMER;
  if( rc || zErrMsg ){
    char zPrefix[100];
    if( in!=0 || !stdin_is_interactive ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix,
                       "Error: near line %d:", startline);
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix, "Error:");
    }
    if( zErrMsg!=0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "%s %s\n", zPrefix, zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      zErrMsg = 0;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr, "%s %s\n", zPrefix, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    }
    return 1;
  }else if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_CountChanges) ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "changes: %3d   total_changes: %d\n",
            sqlite3_changes(p->db), sqlite3_total_changes(p->db));
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Read input from *in and process it.  If *in==0 then input
** is interactive - the user is typing it it.  Otherwise, input
** is coming from a file or device.  A prompt is issued and history
** is saved only if input is interactive.  An interrupt signal will
** cause this routine to exit immediately, unless input is interactive.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int process_input(ShellState *p, FILE *in){
  char *zLine = 0;          /* A single input line */
  char *zSql = 0;           /* Accumulated SQL text */
  int nLine;                /* Length of current line */
  int nSql = 0;             /* Bytes of zSql[] used */
  int nAlloc = 0;           /* Allocated zSql[] space */
  int nSqlPrior = 0;        /* Bytes of zSql[] used by prior line */
  int rc;                   /* Error code */
  int errCnt = 0;           /* Number of errors seen */
  int lineno = 0;           /* Current line number */
  int startline = 0;        /* Line number for start of current input */

  while( errCnt==0 || !bail_on_error || (in==0 && stdin_is_interactive) ){
    fflush(p->out);
    zLine = one_input_line(in, zLine, nSql>0);
    if( zLine==0 ){
      /* End of input */
      if( in==0 && stdin_is_interactive ) printf("\n");
      break;
    }
    if( seenInterrupt ){
      if( in!=0 ) break;
      seenInterrupt = 0;
    }
    lineno++;
    if( nSql==0 && _all_whitespace(zLine) ){
      if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo) ) printf("%s\n", zLine);
      continue;
    }
    if( zLine && zLine[0]=='.' && nSql==0 ){
      if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo) ) printf("%s\n", zLine);
      rc = do_meta_command(zLine, p);
      if( rc==2 ){ /* exit requested */
        break;
      }else if( rc ){
        errCnt++;
      }
      continue;
    }
    if( line_is_command_terminator(zLine) && line_is_complete(zSql, nSql) ){
      memcpy(zLine,";",2);
    }
    nLine = strlen30(zLine);
    if( nSql+nLine+2>=nAlloc ){
      nAlloc = nSql+nLine+100;
      zSql = realloc(zSql, nAlloc);
      if( zSql==0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
    }
    nSqlPrior = nSql;
    if( nSql==0 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; zLine[i] && IsSpace(zLine[i]); i++){}
      assert( nAlloc>0 && zSql!=0 );
      memcpy(zSql, zLine+i, nLine+1-i);
      startline = lineno;
      nSql = nLine-i;
    }else{
      zSql[nSql++] = '\n';
      memcpy(zSql+nSql, zLine, nLine+1);
      nSql += nLine;
    }
    if( nSql && line_contains_semicolon(&zSql[nSqlPrior], nSql-nSqlPrior)
                && sqlite3_complete(zSql) ){
      errCnt += runOneSqlLine(p, zSql, in, startline);
      nSql = 0;
      if( p->outCount ){
        output_reset(p);
        p->outCount = 0;
      }
    }else if( nSql && _all_whitespace(zSql) ){
      if( ShellHasFlag(p, SHFLG_Echo) ) printf("%s\n", zSql);
      nSql = 0;
    }
  }
  if( nSql && !_all_whitespace(zSql) ){
    runOneSqlLine(p, zSql, in, startline);
  }
  free(zSql);
  free(zLine);
  return errCnt>0;
}

/*
** Return a pathname which is the user's home directory.  A
** 0 return indicates an error of some kind.
*/
static char *find_home_dir(int clearFlag){
  static char *home_dir = NULL;
  if( clearFlag ){
    free(home_dir);
    home_dir = 0;
    return 0;
  }
  if( home_dir ) return home_dir;

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WIN32_WCE) \
     && !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  {
    struct passwd *pwent;
    uid_t uid = getuid();
    if( (pwent=getpwuid(uid)) != NULL) {
      home_dir = pwent->pw_dir;
    }
  }
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
  /* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide getenv()
   */
  home_dir = "/";
#else

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  if (!home_dir) {
    home_dir = getenv("USERPROFILE");
  }
#endif

  if (!home_dir) {
    home_dir = getenv("HOME");
  }

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  if (!home_dir) {
    char *zDrive, *zPath;
    int n;
    zDrive = getenv("HOMEDRIVE");
    zPath = getenv("HOMEPATH");
    if( zDrive && zPath ){
      n = strlen30(zDrive) + strlen30(zPath) + 1;
      home_dir = malloc( n );
      if( home_dir==0 ) return 0;
      sqlite3_snprintf(n, home_dir, "%s%s", zDrive, zPath);
      return home_dir;
    }
    home_dir = "c:\\";
  }
#endif

#endif /* !_WIN32_WCE */

  if( home_dir ){
    int n = strlen30(home_dir) + 1;
    char *z = malloc( n );
    if( z ) memcpy(z, home_dir, n);
    home_dir = z;
  }

  return home_dir;
}

/*
** Read input from the file given by sqliterc_override.  Or if that
** parameter is NULL, take input from ~/.sqliterc
**
** Returns the number of errors.
*/
static void process_sqliterc(
  ShellState *p,                  /* Configuration data */
  const char *sqliterc_override   /* Name of config file. NULL to use default */
){
  char *home_dir = NULL;
  const char *sqliterc = sqliterc_override;
  char *zBuf = 0;
  FILE *in = NULL;

  if (sqliterc == NULL) {
    home_dir = find_home_dir(0);
    if( home_dir==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "-- warning: cannot find home directory;"
                      " cannot read ~/.sqliterc\n");
      return;
    }
    sqlite3_initialize();
    zBuf = sqlite3_mprintf("%s/.sqliterc",home_dir);
    sqliterc = zBuf;
  }
  in = fopen(sqliterc,"rb");
  if( in ){
    if( stdin_is_interactive ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"-- Loading resources from %s\n",sqliterc);
    }
    process_input(p,in);
    fclose(in);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zBuf);
}

/*
** Show available command line options
*/
static const char zOptions[] =
  "   -ascii               set output mode to 'ascii'\n"
  "   -bail                stop after hitting an error\n"
  "   -batch               force batch I/O\n"
  "   -column              set output mode to 'column'\n"
  "   -cmd COMMAND         run \"COMMAND\" before reading stdin\n"
  "   -csv                 set output mode to 'csv'\n"
  "   -echo                print commands before execution\n"
  "   -init FILENAME       read/process named file\n"
  "   -[no]header          turn headers on or off\n"
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5)
  "   -heap SIZE           Size of heap for memsys3 or memsys5\n"
#endif
  "   -help                show this message\n"
  "   -html                set output mode to HTML\n"
  "   -interactive         force interactive I/O\n"
  "   -line                set output mode to 'line'\n"
  "   -list                set output mode to 'list'\n"
  "   -lookaside SIZE N    use N entries of SZ bytes for lookaside memory\n"
  "   -mmap N              default mmap size set to N\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
  "   -multiplex           enable the multiplexor VFS\n"
#endif
  "   -newline SEP         set output row separator. Default: '\\n'\n"
  "   -nullvalue TEXT      set text string for NULL values. Default ''\n"
  "   -pagecache SIZE N    use N slots of SZ bytes each for page cache memory\n"
  "   -quote               set output mode to 'quote'\n"
  "   -separator SEP       set output column separator. Default: '|'\n"
  "   -stats               print memory stats before each finalize\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
  "   -vfs NAME            use NAME as the default VFS\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
  "   -vfstrace            enable tracing of all VFS calls\n"
#endif
;
static void usage(int showDetail){
  utf8_printf(stderr,
      "Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILENAME [SQL]\n"
      "FILENAME is the name of an SQLite database. A new database is created\n"
      "if the file does not previously exist.\n", Argv0);
  if( showDetail ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "OPTIONS include:\n%s", zOptions);
  }else{
    raw_printf(stderr, "Use the -help option for additional information\n");
  }
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(ShellState *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->normalMode = data->cMode = data->mode = MODE_List;
  data->autoExplain = 1;
  memcpy(data->colSeparator,SEP_Column, 2);
  memcpy(data->rowSeparator,SEP_Row, 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
  data->shellFlgs = SHFLG_Lookaside;
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(mainPrompt), mainPrompt,"sqlite> ");
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(continuePrompt), continuePrompt,"   ...> ");
}

/*
** Output text to the console in a font that attracts extra attention.
*/
#ifdef _WIN32
static void printBold(const char *zText){
  HANDLE out = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
  CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO defaultScreenInfo;
  GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(out, &defaultScreenInfo);
  SetConsoleTextAttribute(out,
         FOREGROUND_RED|FOREGROUND_INTENSITY
  );
  printf("%s", zText);
  SetConsoleTextAttribute(out, defaultScreenInfo.wAttributes);
}
#else
static void printBold(const char *zText){
  printf("\033[1m%s\033[0m", zText);
}
#endif

/*
** Get the argument to an --option.  Throw an error and die if no argument
** is available.
*/
static char *cmdline_option_value(int argc, char **argv, int i){
  if( i==argc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "%s: Error: missing argument to %s\n",
            argv[0], argv[argc-1]);
    exit(1);
  }
  return argv[i];
}

#ifndef SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8
#  if (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)) && defined(_MSC_VER)
#    define SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8          (0)
#  else
#    define SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8          (1)
#  endif
#endif

#if SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8
int SQLITE_CDECL main(int argc, char **argv){
#else
int SQLITE_CDECL wmain(int argc, wchar_t **wargv){
  char **argv;
#endif
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  ShellState data;
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  int warnInmemoryDb = 0;
  int readStdin = 1;
  int nCmd = 0;
  char **azCmd = 0;

  setBinaryMode(stdin, 0);
  setvbuf(stderr, 0, _IONBF, 0); /* Make sure stderr is unbuffered */
  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);
  stdout_is_console = isatty(1);

#if USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE+0!=1
  if( strncmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID,60)!=0 ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "SQLite header and source version mismatch\n%s\n%s\n",
            sqlite3_sourceid(), SQLITE_SOURCE_ID);
    exit(1);
  }
#endif
  main_init(&data);
#if !SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8
  sqlite3_initialize();
  argv = sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(argv[0])*argc);
  if( argv==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    argv[i] = sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(wargv[i]);
    if( argv[i]==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
#endif
  assert( argc>=1 && argv && argv[0] );
  Argv0 = argv[0];

  /* Make sure we have a valid signal handler early, before anything
  ** else is done.
  */
#ifdef SIGINT
  signal(SIGINT, interrupt_handler);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC
  {
    /* If the SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC macro is defined, then it is the name
    ** of a C-function that will provide the name of the database file.  Use
    ** this compile-time option to embed this shell program in larger
    ** applications. */
    extern void SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC(const char**);
    SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC(&data.zDbFilename);
    warnInmemoryDb = 0;
  }
#endif

  /* Do an initial pass through the command-line argument to locate
  ** the name of the database file, the name of the initialization file,
  ** the size of the alternative malloc heap,
  ** and the first command to execute.
  */
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    char *z;
    z = argv[i];
    if( z[0]!='-' ){
      if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
        data.zDbFilename = z;
      }else{
        /* Excesss arguments are interpreted as SQL (or dot-commands) and
        ** mean that nothing is read from stdin */
        readStdin = 0;
        nCmd++;
        azCmd = realloc(azCmd, sizeof(azCmd[0])*nCmd);
        if( azCmd==0 ){
          raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
          exit(1);
        }
        azCmd[nCmd-1] = z;
      }
    }
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-newline")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-cmd")==0
    ){
      (void)cmdline_option_value(argc, argv, ++i);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-init")==0 ){
      zInitFile = cmdline_option_value(argc, argv, ++i);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-batch")==0 ){
      /* Need to check for batch mode here to so we can avoid printing
      ** informational messages (like from process_sqliterc) before
      ** we do the actual processing of arguments later in a second pass.
      */
      stdin_is_interactive = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-heap")==0 ){
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5)
      const char *zSize;
      sqlite3_int64 szHeap;

      zSize = cmdline_option_value(argc, argv, ++i);
      szHeap = integerValue(zSize);
      if( szHeap>0x7fff0000 ) szHeap = 0x7fff0000;
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP, malloc((int)szHeap), (int)szHeap, 64);
#else
      (void)cmdline_option_value(argc, argv, ++i);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-pagecache")==0 ){
      int n, sz;
      sz = (int)integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      if( sz>70000 ) sz = 70000;
      if( sz<0 ) sz = 0;
      n = (int)integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE,
                    (n>0 && sz>0) ? malloc(n*sz) : 0, sz, n);
      data.shellFlgs |= SHFLG_Pagecache;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-lookaside")==0 ){
      int n, sz;
      sz = (int)integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      if( sz<0 ) sz = 0;
      n = (int)integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      if( n<0 ) n = 0;
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE, sz, n);
      if( sz*n==0 ) data.shellFlgs &= ~SHFLG_Lookaside;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfstrace")==0 ){
      extern int vfstrace_register(
         const char *zTraceName,
         const char *zOldVfsName,
         int (*xOut)(const char*,void*),
         void *pOutArg,
         int makeDefault
      );
      vfstrace_register("trace",0,(int(*)(const char*,void*))fputs,stderr,1);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-multiplex")==0 ){
      extern int sqlite3_multiple_initialize(const char*,int);
      sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 1);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-mmap")==0 ){
      sqlite3_int64 sz = integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE, sz, sz);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      if( pVfs ){
        sqlite3_vfs_register(pVfs, 1);
      }else{
        utf8_printf(stderr, "no such VFS: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
        exit(1);
      }
    }
  }
  if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){
    open_db(&data, 0);
  }

  /* Process the initialization file if there is one.  If no -init option
  ** is given on the command line, look for a file named ~/.sqliterc and
  ** try to process it.
  */
  process_sqliterc(&data,zInitFile);

  /* Make a second pass through the command-line argument and set
  ** options.  This second pass is delayed until after the initialization
  ** file is processed so that the command-line arguments will override
  ** settings in the initialization file.
  */
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    char *z = argv[i];