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Overview
Comment:Synchronize with the trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
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SHA1: 136445ba020c9475d3f5a7843d7d0add98477138
User & Date: drh 2013-10-10 20:13:18
Context
2013-10-15
14:10
Merge the latest trunk changes into the sessions branch. This merge should fix the build for WinRT. check-in: e111e4ed user: drh tags: sessions
2013-10-10
20:13
Synchronize with the trunk. check-in: 136445ba user: drh tags: sessions
17:33
Add a rule to the main.mk makefile for building showdb. check-in: fc5552da user: drh tags: trunk
2013-09-03
14:49
Merge in all the latest trunk changes, including the win32-longpath VFS and the fix for the segfault in the omit-left-join optimization. check-in: cdd3838b user: drh tags: sessions
Changes
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Changes to Makefile.msc.

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# When compiling for use in the WinRT environment, the following
# linker option must be used to mark the executable as runnable
# only in the context of an application container.
#
!IF $(FOR_WINRT)!=0
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) /APPCONTAINER











!ENDIF

# If either debugging or symbols are enabled, enable PDBs.
!IF $(DEBUG)>0 || $(SYMBOLS)!=0
LDFLAGS = /DEBUG
!ENDIF








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# When compiling for use in the WinRT environment, the following
# linker option must be used to mark the executable as runnable
# only in the context of an application container.
#
!IF $(FOR_WINRT)!=0
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) /APPCONTAINER
!IF "$(VISUALSTUDIOVERSION)"=="12.0"
!IF "$(PLATFORM)"=="x86"
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) "/LIBPATH:$(VCINSTALLDIR)\lib\store"
!ELSEIF "$(PLATFORM)"=="x64"
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) "/LIBPATH:$(VCINSTALLDIR)\lib\store\amd64"
!ELSEIF "$(PLATFORM)"=="ARM"
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) "/LIBPATH:$(VCINSTALLDIR)\lib\store\arm"
!ELSE
LTLINKOPTS = $(LTLINKOPTS) "/LIBPATH:$(VCINSTALLDIR)\lib\store"
!ENDIF
!ENDIF
!ENDIF

# If either debugging or symbols are enabled, enable PDBs.
!IF $(DEBUG)>0 || $(SYMBOLS)!=0
LDFLAGS = /DEBUG
!ENDIF

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**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts3BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVTab;
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iCons = -1;                 /* Index of constraint to use */

  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */




  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 5000000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){

    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;



    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */
    if( iCons<0 
     && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && (pCons->iColumn<0 || pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn+1 )
    ){
      pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      iCons = i;
    }

    /* A MATCH constraint. Use a full-text search.
    **
................................................................................

    /* Equality constraint on the langid column */
    if( pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn + 2
    ){
      iLangidCons = i;
    }
  }
















  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = 1;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){

    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iLangidCons].argvIndex = 2;








  } 

  /* Regardless of the strategy selected, FTS can deliver rows in rowid (or
  ** docid) order. Both ascending and descending are possible. 
  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 ){
    struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pOrder = &pInfo->aOrderBy[0];
................................................................................
    }
  }else{
    rc = fts3EvalNext((Fts3Cursor *)pCursor);
  }
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}




























/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH then do a full table scan against
................................................................................
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */

  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;







  UNUSED_PARAMETER(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nVal);


  assert( idxNum>=0 && idxNum<=(FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+p->nColumn) );
  assert( nVal==0 || nVal==1 || nVal==2 );
  assert( (nVal==0)==(idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH) );
  assert( p->pSegments==0 );









  /* In case the cursor has been used before, clear it now. */
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pCsr->pExpr);
  memset(&pCursor[1], 0, sizeof(Fts3Cursor)-sizeof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor));





  if( idxStr ){
    pCsr->bDesc = (idxStr[0]=='D');
  }else{
    pCsr->bDesc = p->bDescIdx;
  }
  pCsr->eSearch = (i16)idxNum;

  if( idxNum!=FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH && idxNum!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    int iCol = idxNum-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    pCsr->iLangid = 0;
    if( nVal==2 ) pCsr->iLangid = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[1]);

    assert( p->base.zErrMsg==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, pCsr->iLangid,
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")
    );
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, apVal[0]);
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}







/*
** This function is called for each Fts3Phrase in a full-text query 
** expression to initialize the mechanism for returning rows. Once this
** function has been called successfully on an Fts3Phrase, it may be
** used with fts3EvalPhraseNext() to iterate through the matching docids.
**
** If parameter bOptOk is true, then the phrase may (or may not) use the
** incremental loading strategy. Otherwise, the entire doclist is loaded into
** memory within this call.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalPhraseStart(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, int bOptOk, Fts3Phrase *p){
  int rc;                         /* Error code */
  Fts3PhraseToken *pFirst = &p->aToken[0];
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;










  if( pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 
   && bOptOk==1 
   && p->nToken==1 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr->bLookup 
   && pFirst->bFirst==0




  ){









    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);




    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(
        pTab, pFirst->pSegcsr, iCol, pFirst->z, pFirst->n);
    p->bIncr = 1;



  }else{
    /* Load the full doclist for the phrase into memory. */
    rc = fts3EvalPhraseLoad(pCsr, p);
    p->bIncr = 0;
  }

  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nToken<1 || p->aToken[0].pSegcsr==0 || p->bIncr );
................................................................................
      p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iVar);
      *piDocid += ((bDescIdx ? -1 : 1) * iVar);
    }
  }

  *ppIter = p;
}



















































































































































































































/*
** Attempt to move the phrase iterator to point to the next matching docid. 
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
................................................................................
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( p->bIncr ){
    assert( p->nToken==1 );
    assert( pDL->pNextDocid==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(pTab, p->aToken[0].pSegcsr, 
        &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->pList, &pDL->nList
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pDL->pList ){
      *pbEof = 1;
    }
  }else if( pCsr->bDesc!=pTab->bDescIdx && pDL->nAll ){
    sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(pTab->bDescIdx, pDL->aAll, pDL->nAll, 
        &pDL->pNextDocid, &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->nList, pbEof
    );
    pDL->pList = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    char *pIter;                            /* Used to iterate through aAll */
    char *pEnd = &pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll];     /* 1 byte past end of aAll */
    if( pDL->pNextDocid ){
      pIter = pDL->pNextDocid;
    }else{
      pIter = pDL->aAll;
    }

    if( pIter>=pEnd ){
      /* We have already reached the end of this doclist. EOF. */
      *pbEof = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_int64 iDelta;
      pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(pIter, &iDelta);
      if( pTab->bDescIdx==0 || pDL->pNextDocid==0 ){
        pDL->iDocid += iDelta;
      }else{
        pDL->iDocid -= iDelta;
      }
      pDL->pList = pIter;
      fts3PoslistCopy(0, &pIter);
      pDL->nList = (int)(pIter - pDL->pList);

      /* pIter now points just past the 0x00 that terminates the position-
      ** list for document pDL->iDocid. However, if this position-list was
      ** edited in place by fts3EvalNearTrim(), then pIter may not actually
      ** point to the start of the next docid value. The following line deals
      ** with this case by advancing pIter past the zero-padding added by
      ** fts3EvalNearTrim().  */
      while( pIter<pEnd && *pIter==0 ) pIter++;

      pDL->pNextDocid = pIter;
      assert( pIter>=&pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll] || *pIter );
      *pbEof = 0;
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
**
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs within this function, *pRc is set to an SQLite error
** code before returning.
*/
static void fts3EvalStartReaders(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to initialize phrases in */
  int bOptOk,                     /* True to enable incremental loading */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( pExpr && SQLITE_OK==*pRc ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      int i;
      int nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
        if( pExpr->pPhrase->aToken[i].pDeferred==0 ) break;
      }
      pExpr->bDeferred = (i==nToken);
      *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, bOptOk, pExpr->pPhrase);
    }else{
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pLeft, bOptOk, pRc);
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pRight, bOptOk, pRc);
      pExpr->bDeferred = (pExpr->pLeft->bDeferred && pExpr->pRight->bDeferred);
    }
  }
}

/*
** An array of the following structures is assembled as part of the process
................................................................................
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
        rc = fts3TermSelect(pTab, pToken, pTC->iCol, &nList, &pList);
................................................................................
      }

      sqlite3_free(aTC);
    }
  }
#endif

  fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pCsr->pExpr, 1, &rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Invalidate the current position list for phrase pPhrase.
*/
static void fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
................................................................................
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      pCsr->isEof = pExpr->bEof;
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 1;
      pCsr->isMatchinfoNeeded = 1;
      pCsr->iPrevId = pExpr->iDocid;
    }while( pCsr->isEof==0 && fts3EvalTestDeferredAndNear(pCsr, &rc) );
  }










  return rc;
}

/*
** Restart interation for expression pExpr so that the next call to
** fts3EvalNext() visits the first row. Do not allow incremental 
** loading or merging of phrase doclists for this iteration.
................................................................................
){
  if( pExpr && *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;

    if( pPhrase ){
      fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(pPhrase);
      if( pPhrase->bIncr ){

        assert( pPhrase->nToken==1 );
        assert( pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr );


        sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr);
        *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 0, pPhrase);
      }



      pPhrase->doclist.pNextDocid = 0;
      pPhrase->doclist.iDocid = 0;
    }

    pExpr->iDocid = 0;
    pExpr->bEof = 0;
    pExpr->bStart = 0;
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
  pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
  if( iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId || pExpr->bEof ){
    int bDescDoclist = pTab->bDescIdx;      /* For DOCID_CMP macro */

    int bOr = 0;
    u8 bEof = 0;
    Fts3Expr *p;




    /* Check if this phrase descends from an OR expression node. If not, 
    ** return NULL. Otherwise, the entry that corresponds to docid 
    ** pCsr->iPrevId may lie earlier in the doclist buffer. */



    for(p=pExpr->pParent; p; p=p->pParent){
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ) bOr = 1;


    }
    if( bOr==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

    /* This is the descendent of an OR node. In this case we cannot use
    ** an incremental phrase. Load the entire doclist for the phrase
    ** into memory in this case.  */
    if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
................................................................................
        fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
        if( bEofSave==0 && pExpr->iDocid==iDocid ) break;
      }
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPhrase->bIncr==0 );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }



    if( pExpr->bEof ){
      pIter = 0;





      iDocid = 0;

    }

    bEof = (pPhrase->doclist.nAll==0);
    assert( bDescDoclist==0 || bDescDoclist==1 );
    assert( pCsr->bDesc==0 || pCsr->bDesc==1 );


    if( pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist ){
      int dummy;
















      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)>0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &dummy, &bEof
        );
      }
    }else{




      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)<0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistNext(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &bEof
        );

      }
    }

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;








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**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts3BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVTab;
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iCons = -1;                 /* Index of constraint to use */

  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */
  int iDocidGe = -1;              /* Index of docid>=x constraint, if present */
  int iDocidLe = -1;              /* Index of docid<=x constraint, if present */
  int iIdx;

  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 5000000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    int bDocid;                 /* True if this constraint is on docid */
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;

    bDocid = (pCons->iColumn<0 || pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn+1);

    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */

    if( iCons<0 && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ && bDocid ){


      pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      iCons = i;
    }

    /* A MATCH constraint. Use a full-text search.
    **
................................................................................

    /* Equality constraint on the langid column */
    if( pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn + 2
    ){
      iLangidCons = i;
    }

    if( bDocid ){
      switch( pCons->op ){
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT:
          iDocidGe = i;
          break;

        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_LANGID;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iLangidCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 
  if( iDocidGe>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iDocidGe].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 
  if( iDocidLe>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iDocidLe].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 

  /* Regardless of the strategy selected, FTS can deliver rows in rowid (or
  ** docid) order. Both ascending and descending are possible. 
  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 ){
    struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pOrder = &pInfo->aOrderBy[0];
................................................................................
    }
  }else{
    rc = fts3EvalNext((Fts3Cursor *)pCursor);
  }
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}

/*
** The following are copied from sqliteInt.h.
**
** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
** compilers.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
# define LARGEST_INT64  (0xffffffff|(((sqlite3_int64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
# define SMALLEST_INT64 (((sqlite3_int64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
#endif

/*
** If the numeric type of argument pVal is "integer", then return it
** converted to a 64-bit signed integer. Otherwise, return a copy of
** the second parameter, iDefault.
*/
static sqlite3_int64 fts3DocidRange(sqlite3_value *pVal, i64 iDefault){
  if( pVal ){
    int eType = sqlite3_value_numeric_type(pVal);
    if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      return sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    }
  }
  return iDefault;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH then do a full table scan against
................................................................................
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */
  int eSearch;
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;

  sqlite3_value *pCons = 0;       /* The MATCH or rowid constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pLangid = 0;     /* The "langid = ?" constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pDocidGe = 0;    /* The "docid >= ?" constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pDocidLe = 0;    /* The "docid <= ?" constraint, if any */
  int iIdx;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nVal);

  eSearch = (idxNum & 0x0000FFFF);
  assert( eSearch>=0 && eSearch<=(FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+p->nColumn) );


  assert( p->pSegments==0 );

  /* Collect arguments into local variables */
  iIdx = 0;
  if( eSearch!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ) pCons = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_LANGID ) pLangid = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE ) pDocidGe = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE ) pDocidLe = apVal[iIdx++];
  assert( iIdx==nVal );

  /* In case the cursor has been used before, clear it now. */
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pCsr->pExpr);
  memset(&pCursor[1], 0, sizeof(Fts3Cursor)-sizeof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor));

  /* Set the lower and upper bounds on docids to return */
  pCsr->iMinDocid = fts3DocidRange(pDocidGe, SMALLEST_INT64);
  pCsr->iMaxDocid = fts3DocidRange(pDocidLe, LARGEST_INT64);

  if( idxStr ){
    pCsr->bDesc = (idxStr[0]=='D');
  }else{
    pCsr->bDesc = p->bDescIdx;
  }
  pCsr->eSearch = (i16)eSearch;

  if( eSearch!=FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH && eSearch!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    int iCol = eSearch-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(pCons);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(pCons)!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    pCsr->iLangid = 0;
    if( pLangid ) pCsr->iLangid = sqlite3_value_int(pLangid);

    assert( p->base.zErrMsg==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, pCsr->iLangid,
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( eSearch==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")
    );
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( eSearch==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, pCons);
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Maximum number of tokens a phrase may have to be considered for the
** incremental doclists strategy.
*/
#define MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS 4

/*
** This function is called for each Fts3Phrase in a full-text query 
** expression to initialize the mechanism for returning rows. Once this
** function has been called successfully on an Fts3Phrase, it may be
** used with fts3EvalPhraseNext() to iterate through the matching docids.
**
** If parameter bOptOk is true, then the phrase may (or may not) use the
** incremental loading strategy. Otherwise, the entire doclist is loaded into
** memory within this call.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalPhraseStart(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, int bOptOk, Fts3Phrase *p){


  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Error code */
  int i;

  /* Determine if doclists may be loaded from disk incrementally. This is
  ** possible if the bOptOk argument is true, the FTS doclists will be
  ** scanned in forward order, and the phrase consists of 
  ** MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS or fewer tokens, none of which are are "^first"
  ** tokens or prefix tokens that cannot use a prefix-index.  */
  int bHaveIncr = 0;
  int bIncrOk = (bOptOk 
   && pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 

   && p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS && p->nToken>0



   && p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS && p->nToken>0
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
   && pTab->bNoIncrDoclist==0
#endif
  );
  for(i=0; bIncrOk==1 && i<p->nToken; i++){
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &p->aToken[i];
    if( pToken->bFirst || (pToken->pSegcsr!=0 && !pToken->pSegcsr->bLookup) ){
      bIncrOk = 0;
    }
    if( pToken->pSegcsr ) bHaveIncr = 1;
  }

  if( bIncrOk && bHaveIncr ){
    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<p->nToken; i++){
      Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &p->aToken[i];
      Fts3MultiSegReader *pSegcsr = pToken->pSegcsr;
      if( pSegcsr ){
        rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(pTab, pSegcsr, iCol, pToken->z, pToken->n);


      }
    }
    p->bIncr = 1;
  }else{
    /* Load the full doclist for the phrase into memory. */
    rc = fts3EvalPhraseLoad(pCsr, p);
    p->bIncr = 0;
  }

  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nToken<1 || p->aToken[0].pSegcsr==0 || p->bIncr );
................................................................................
      p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iVar);
      *piDocid += ((bDescIdx ? -1 : 1) * iVar);
    }
  }

  *ppIter = p;
}

/*
** Advance the iterator pDL to the next entry in pDL->aAll/nAll. Set *pbEof
** to true if EOF is reached.
*/
static void fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(
  Fts3Table *pTab,
  Fts3Doclist *pDL,
  u8 *pbEof
){
  char *pIter;                            /* Used to iterate through aAll */
  char *pEnd = &pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll];     /* 1 byte past end of aAll */
 
  if( pDL->pNextDocid ){
    pIter = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    pIter = pDL->aAll;
  }

  if( pIter>=pEnd ){
    /* We have already reached the end of this doclist. EOF. */
    *pbEof = 1;
  }else{
    sqlite3_int64 iDelta;
    pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(pIter, &iDelta);
    if( pTab->bDescIdx==0 || pDL->pNextDocid==0 ){
      pDL->iDocid += iDelta;
    }else{
      pDL->iDocid -= iDelta;
    }
    pDL->pList = pIter;
    fts3PoslistCopy(0, &pIter);
    pDL->nList = (int)(pIter - pDL->pList);

    /* pIter now points just past the 0x00 that terminates the position-
    ** list for document pDL->iDocid. However, if this position-list was
    ** edited in place by fts3EvalNearTrim(), then pIter may not actually
    ** point to the start of the next docid value. The following line deals
    ** with this case by advancing pIter past the zero-padding added by
    ** fts3EvalNearTrim().  */
    while( pIter<pEnd && *pIter==0 ) pIter++;

    pDL->pNextDocid = pIter;
    assert( pIter>=&pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll] || *pIter );
    *pbEof = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Helper type used by fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext() and incrPhraseTokenNext().
*/
typedef struct TokenDoclist TokenDoclist;
struct TokenDoclist {
  int bIgnore;
  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;
  char *pList;
  int nList;
};

/*
** Token pToken is an incrementally loaded token that is part of a 
** multi-token phrase. Advance it to the next matching document in the
** database and populate output variable *p with the details of the new
** entry. Or, if the iterator has reached EOF, set *pbEof to true.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int incrPhraseTokenNext(
  Fts3Table *pTab,                /* Virtual table handle */
  Fts3Phrase *pPhrase,            /* Phrase to advance token of */
  int iToken,                     /* Specific token to advance */
  TokenDoclist *p,                /* OUT: Docid and doclist for new entry */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: True if iterator is at EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pPhrase->iDoclistToken==iToken ){
    assert( p->bIgnore==0 );
    assert( pPhrase->aToken[iToken].pSegcsr==0 );
    fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(pTab, &pPhrase->doclist, pbEof);
    p->pList = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
    p->nList = pPhrase->doclist.nList;
    p->iDocid = pPhrase->doclist.iDocid;
  }else{
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[iToken];
    assert( pToken->pDeferred==0 );
    assert( pToken->pSegcsr || pPhrase->iDoclistToken>=0 );
    if( pToken->pSegcsr ){
      assert( p->bIgnore==0 );
      rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(
          pTab, pToken->pSegcsr, &p->iDocid, &p->pList, &p->nList
      );
      if( p->pList==0 ) *pbEof = 1;
    }else{
      p->bIgnore = 1;
    }
  }

  return rc;
}


/*
** The phrase iterator passed as the second argument:
**
**   * features at least one token that uses an incremental doclist, and 
**
**   * does not contain any deferred tokens.
**
** Advance it to the next matching documnent in the database and populate
** the Fts3Doclist.pList and nList fields. 
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
** 1 before returning. Otherwise, if no error occurs and the iterator is
** successfully advanced, *pbEof is set to 0.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Phrase *p,                  /* Phrase object to advance to next docid */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;
  u8 bEof = 0;

  /* This is only called if it is guaranteed that the phrase has at least
  ** one incremental token. In which case the bIncr flag is set. */
  assert( p->bIncr==1 );

  if( p->nToken==1 && p->bIncr ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(pTab, p->aToken[0].pSegcsr, 
        &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->pList, &pDL->nList
    );
    if( pDL->pList==0 ) bEof = 1;
  }else{
    int bDescDoclist = pCsr->bDesc;
    struct TokenDoclist a[MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS];

    memset(a, 0, sizeof(a));
    assert( p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS );
    assert( p->iDoclistToken<MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS );

    while( bEof==0 ){
      int bMaxSet = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iMax;         /* Largest docid for all iterators */
      int i;                      /* Used to iterate through tokens */

      /* Advance the iterator for each token in the phrase once. */
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<p->nToken; i++){
        rc = incrPhraseTokenNext(pTab, p, i, &a[i], &bEof);
        if( a[i].bIgnore==0 && (bMaxSet==0 || DOCID_CMP(iMax, a[i].iDocid)<0) ){
          iMax = a[i].iDocid;
          bMaxSet = 1;
        }
      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || a[p->nToken-1].bIgnore==0 );
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || bMaxSet );

      /* Keep advancing iterators until they all point to the same document */
      for(i=0; i<p->nToken; i++){
        while( rc==SQLITE_OK && bEof==0 
            && a[i].bIgnore==0 && DOCID_CMP(a[i].iDocid, iMax)<0 
        ){
          rc = incrPhraseTokenNext(pTab, p, i, &a[i], &bEof);
          if( DOCID_CMP(a[i].iDocid, iMax)>0 ){
            iMax = a[i].iDocid;
            i = 0;
          }
        }
      }

      /* Check if the current entries really are a phrase match */
      if( bEof==0 ){
        int nList = 0;
        int nByte = a[p->nToken-1].nList;
        char *aDoclist = sqlite3_malloc(nByte+1);
        if( !aDoclist ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        memcpy(aDoclist, a[p->nToken-1].pList, nByte+1);

        for(i=0; i<(p->nToken-1); i++){
          if( a[i].bIgnore==0 ){
            char *pL = a[i].pList;
            char *pR = aDoclist;
            char *pOut = aDoclist;
            int nDist = p->nToken-1-i;
            int res = fts3PoslistPhraseMerge(&pOut, nDist, 0, 1, &pL, &pR);
            if( res==0 ) break;
            nList = (pOut - aDoclist);
          }
        }
        if( i==(p->nToken-1) ){
          pDL->iDocid = iMax;
          pDL->pList = aDoclist;
          pDL->nList = nList;
          pDL->bFreeList = 1;
          break;
        }
        sqlite3_free(aDoclist);
      }
    }
  }

  *pbEof = bEof;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Attempt to move the phrase iterator to point to the next matching docid. 
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
................................................................................
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( p->bIncr ){
    rc = fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext(pCsr, p, pbEof);







  }else if( pCsr->bDesc!=pTab->bDescIdx && pDL->nAll ){
    sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(pTab->bDescIdx, pDL->aAll, pDL->nAll, 
        &pDL->pNextDocid, &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->nList, pbEof
    );
    pDL->pList = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(pTab, pDL, pbEof);


































  }

  return rc;
}

/*
**
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs within this function, *pRc is set to an SQLite error
** code before returning.
*/
static void fts3EvalStartReaders(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to initialize phrases in */

  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( pExpr && SQLITE_OK==*pRc ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      int i;
      int nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
        if( pExpr->pPhrase->aToken[i].pDeferred==0 ) break;
      }
      pExpr->bDeferred = (i==nToken);
      *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 1, pExpr->pPhrase);
    }else{
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pLeft, pRc);
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pRight, pRc);
      pExpr->bDeferred = (pExpr->pLeft->bDeferred && pExpr->pRight->bDeferred);
    }
  }
}

/*
** An array of the following structures is assembled as part of the process
................................................................................
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || (pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 && ii!=nToken-1) ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
        rc = fts3TermSelect(pTab, pToken, pTC->iCol, &nList, &pList);
................................................................................
      }

      sqlite3_free(aTC);
    }
  }
#endif

  fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pCsr->pExpr, &rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Invalidate the current position list for phrase pPhrase.
*/
static void fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
................................................................................
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      pCsr->isEof = pExpr->bEof;
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 1;
      pCsr->isMatchinfoNeeded = 1;
      pCsr->iPrevId = pExpr->iDocid;
    }while( pCsr->isEof==0 && fts3EvalTestDeferredAndNear(pCsr, &rc) );
  }

  /* Check if the cursor is past the end of the docid range specified
  ** by Fts3Cursor.iMinDocid/iMaxDocid. If so, set the EOF flag.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (
        (pCsr->bDesc==0 && pCsr->iPrevId>pCsr->iMaxDocid)
     || (pCsr->bDesc!=0 && pCsr->iPrevId<pCsr->iMinDocid)
  )){
    pCsr->isEof = 1;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Restart interation for expression pExpr so that the next call to
** fts3EvalNext() visits the first row. Do not allow incremental 
** loading or merging of phrase doclists for this iteration.
................................................................................
){
  if( pExpr && *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;

    if( pPhrase ){
      fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(pPhrase);
      if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
          Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[i];
          assert( pToken->pDeferred==0 );
          if( pToken->pSegcsr ){
            sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(pToken->pSegcsr);

          }
        }
        *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 0, pPhrase);
      }
      pPhrase->doclist.pNextDocid = 0;
      pPhrase->doclist.iDocid = 0;
    }

    pExpr->iDocid = 0;
    pExpr->bEof = 0;
    pExpr->bStart = 0;
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
  pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
  if( iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId || pExpr->bEof ){
    int bDescDoclist = pTab->bDescIdx;      /* For DOCID_CMP macro */
    int iMul;                     /* +1 if csr dir matches index dir, else -1 */
    int bOr = 0;
    u8 bEof = 0;

    u8 bTreeEof = 0;
    Fts3Expr *p;                  /* Used to iterate from pExpr to root */
    Fts3Expr *pNear;              /* Most senior NEAR ancestor (or pExpr) */

    /* Check if this phrase descends from an OR expression node. If not, 
    ** return NULL. Otherwise, the entry that corresponds to docid 
    ** pCsr->iPrevId may lie earlier in the doclist buffer. Or, if the
    ** tree that the node is part of has been marked as EOF, but the node
    ** itself is not EOF, then it may point to an earlier entry. */
    pNear = pExpr;
    for(p=pExpr->pParent; p; p=p->pParent){
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ) bOr = 1;
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_NEAR ) pNear = p;
      if( p->bEof ) bTreeEof = 1;
    }
    if( bOr==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

    /* This is the descendent of an OR node. In this case we cannot use
    ** an incremental phrase. Load the entire doclist for the phrase
    ** into memory in this case.  */
    if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
................................................................................
        fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
        if( bEofSave==0 && pExpr->iDocid==iDocid ) break;
      }
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPhrase->bIncr==0 );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }
    
    iMul = ((pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist) ? 1 : -1);
    while( bTreeEof==1 
        && pNear->bEof==0

        && (DOCID_CMP(pNear->iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId) * iMul)<0
    ){
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
    }

    bEof = (pPhrase->doclist.nAll==0);
    assert( bDescDoclist==0 || bDescDoclist==1 );
    assert( pCsr->bDesc==0 || pCsr->bDesc==1 );

    if( bEof==0 ){
      if( pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist ){
        int dummy;
        if( pNear->bEof ){
          /* This expression is already at EOF. So position it to point to the
          ** last entry in the doclist at pPhrase->doclist.aAll[]. Variable
          ** iDocid is already set for this entry, so all that is required is
          ** to set pIter to point to the first byte of the last position-list
          ** in the doclist. 
          **
          ** It would also be correct to set pIter and iDocid to zero. In
          ** this case, the first call to sqltie3Fts4DoclistPrev() below
          ** would also move the iterator to point to the last entry in the 
          ** doclist. However, this is expensive, as to do so it has to 
          ** iterate through the entire doclist from start to finish (since
          ** it does not know the docid for the last entry).  */
          pIter = &pPhrase->doclist.aAll[pPhrase->doclist.nAll-1];
          fts3ReversePoslist(pPhrase->doclist.aAll, &pIter);
        }
        while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)>0 ) && bEof==0 ){
          sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(
              bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
              &pIter, &iDocid, &dummy, &bEof
          );
        }
      }else{
        if( pNear->bEof ){
          pIter = 0;
          iDocid = 0;
        }
        while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)<0 ) && bEof==0 ){
          sqlite3Fts3DoclistNext(
              bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
              &pIter, &iDocid, &bEof
          );
        }
      }
    }

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3Int.h.

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  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
#endif






};

/*
** When the core wants to read from the virtual table, it creates a
** virtual table cursor (an instance of the following structure) using
** the xOpen method. Cursors are destroyed using the xClose method.
*/
................................................................................
  char *pNextId;                  /* Pointer into the body of aDoclist */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* List of docids for full-text queries */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of buffer at aDoclist */
  u8 bDesc;                       /* True to sort in descending order */
  int eEvalmode;                  /* An FTS3_EVAL_XX constant */
  int nRowAvg;                    /* Average size of database rows, in pages */
  sqlite3_int64 nDoc;             /* Documents in table */


  int isMatchinfoNeeded;          /* True when aMatchinfo[] needs filling in */
  u32 *aMatchinfo;                /* Information about most recent match */
  int nMatchinfo;                 /* Number of elements in aMatchinfo[] */
  char *zMatchinfo;               /* Matchinfo specification */
};

#define FTS3_EVAL_FILTER    0
................................................................................
** indicating that all columns should be searched,
** then eSearch would be set to FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+4.
*/
#define FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH 0    /* Linear scan of %_content table */
#define FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH    1    /* Lookup by rowid on %_content table */
#define FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH 2    /* Full-text index search */











struct Fts3Doclist {
  char *aAll;                    /* Array containing doclist (or NULL) */
  int nAll;                      /* Size of a[] in bytes */
  char *pNextDocid;              /* Pointer to next docid */

  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;          /* Current docid (if pList!=0) */







>
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>







 







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  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  /* True to disable the incremental doclist optimization. This is controled
  ** by special insert command 'test-no-incr-doclist'.  */
  int bNoIncrDoclist;
#endif
};

/*
** When the core wants to read from the virtual table, it creates a
** virtual table cursor (an instance of the following structure) using
** the xOpen method. Cursors are destroyed using the xClose method.
*/
................................................................................
  char *pNextId;                  /* Pointer into the body of aDoclist */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* List of docids for full-text queries */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of buffer at aDoclist */
  u8 bDesc;                       /* True to sort in descending order */
  int eEvalmode;                  /* An FTS3_EVAL_XX constant */
  int nRowAvg;                    /* Average size of database rows, in pages */
  sqlite3_int64 nDoc;             /* Documents in table */
  i64 iMinDocid;                  /* Minimum docid to return */
  i64 iMaxDocid;                  /* Maximum docid to return */
  int isMatchinfoNeeded;          /* True when aMatchinfo[] needs filling in */
  u32 *aMatchinfo;                /* Information about most recent match */
  int nMatchinfo;                 /* Number of elements in aMatchinfo[] */
  char *zMatchinfo;               /* Matchinfo specification */
};

#define FTS3_EVAL_FILTER    0
................................................................................
** indicating that all columns should be searched,
** then eSearch would be set to FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+4.
*/
#define FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH 0    /* Linear scan of %_content table */
#define FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH    1    /* Lookup by rowid on %_content table */
#define FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH 2    /* Full-text index search */

/*
** The lower 16-bits of the sqlite3_index_info.idxNum value set by
** the xBestIndex() method contains the Fts3Cursor.eSearch value described
** above. The upper 16-bits contain a combination of the following
** bits, used to describe extra constraints on full-text searches.
*/
#define FTS3_HAVE_LANGID    0x00010000      /* languageid=? */
#define FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE  0x00020000      /* docid>=? */
#define FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE  0x00040000      /* docid<=? */

struct Fts3Doclist {
  char *aAll;                    /* Array containing doclist (or NULL) */
  int nAll;                      /* Size of a[] in bytes */
  char *pNextDocid;              /* Pointer to next docid */

  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;          /* Current docid (if pList!=0) */

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_write.c.

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  p->bAutoincrmerge = fts3Getint(&zParam)!=0;
  if( !p->bHasStat ){
    assert( p->bFts4==0 );
    sqlite3Fts3CreateStatTable(&rc, p);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_REPLACE_STAT, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;;
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, FTS_STAT_AUTOINCRMERGE);
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 2, p->bAutoincrmerge);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = fts3DoAutoincrmerge(p, &zVal[10]);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);



    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return rc;







|







 







>
>
>







4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
....
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5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
  p->bAutoincrmerge = fts3Getint(&zParam)!=0;
  if( !p->bHasStat ){
    assert( p->bFts4==0 );
    sqlite3Fts3CreateStatTable(&rc, p);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_REPLACE_STAT, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, FTS_STAT_AUTOINCRMERGE);
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 2, p->bAutoincrmerge);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = fts3DoAutoincrmerge(p, &zVal[10]);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>21 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "test-no-incr-doclist=", 21) ){
    p->bNoIncrDoclist = atoi(&zVal[21]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return rc;

Changes to ext/misc/amatch.c.

782
783
784
785
786
787
788

789
790
791
792
793
794
795
...
944
945
946
947
948
949
950



951
952
953
954
955
956
957
....
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
    amatchVCheckClear(p);
    sqlite3_free(p->zClassName);
    sqlite3_free(p->zDb);
    sqlite3_free(p->zCostTab);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabTab);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabWord);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabLang);

    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** xDisconnect/xDestroy method for the amatch module.
................................................................................
  for(pWord=pCur->pAllWords; pWord; pWord=pNextWord){
    pNextWord = pWord->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pWord);
  }
  pCur->pAllWords = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zInput);
  pCur->zInput = 0;



  pCur->pCost = 0;
  pCur->pWord = 0;
  pCur->pCurrent = 0;
  pCur->rLimit = 1000000;
  pCur->iLang = 0;
  pCur->nWord = 0;
}
................................................................................
  char zNextIn[8];
  int nNextIn;

  if( p->pVCheck==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    if( p->zVocabLang && p->zVocabLang[0] ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT \"%s\" FROM \"%s\"",
          " WHERE \"%w\">=?1 AND \"%w\"=?2"
          " ORDER BY 1",
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabTab,
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabLang
      );
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT \"%s\" FROM \"%s\""
          " WHERE \"%w\">=?1"
          " ORDER BY 1",
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabTab,
          p->zVocabWord
      );
    }
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &p->pVCheck, 0);







>







 







>
>
>







 







|







|







782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
...
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
....
1103
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1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
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1116
1117
1118
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1122
1123
1124
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    amatchVCheckClear(p);
    sqlite3_free(p->zClassName);
    sqlite3_free(p->zDb);
    sqlite3_free(p->zCostTab);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabTab);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabWord);
    sqlite3_free(p->zVocabLang);
    sqlite3_free(p->zSelf);
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** xDisconnect/xDestroy method for the amatch module.
................................................................................
  for(pWord=pCur->pAllWords; pWord; pWord=pNextWord){
    pNextWord = pWord->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pWord);
  }
  pCur->pAllWords = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zInput);
  pCur->zInput = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zBuf);
  pCur->zBuf = 0;
  pCur->nBuf = 0;
  pCur->pCost = 0;
  pCur->pWord = 0;
  pCur->pCurrent = 0;
  pCur->rLimit = 1000000;
  pCur->iLang = 0;
  pCur->nWord = 0;
}
................................................................................
  char zNextIn[8];
  int nNextIn;

  if( p->pVCheck==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    if( p->zVocabLang && p->zVocabLang[0] ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT \"%w\" FROM \"%w\"",
          " WHERE \"%w\">=?1 AND \"%w\"=?2"
          " ORDER BY 1",
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabTab,
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabLang
      );
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT \"%w\" FROM \"%w\""
          " WHERE \"%w\">=?1"
          " ORDER BY 1",
          p->zVocabWord, p->zVocabTab,
          p->zVocabWord
      );
    }
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &p->pVCheck, 0);

Changes to ext/misc/nextchar.c.

34
35
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39
40













41
42
43
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45
46
47
...
227
228
229
230
231
232
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234
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243
** Further suppose that for user keypad entry, it is desired to disable
** (gray out) keys that are not valid as the next character.  If the
** the user has previously entered (say) 'cha' then to find all allowed
** next characters (and thereby determine when keys should not be grayed
** out) run the following query:
**
**   SELECT next_char('cha','dictionary','word');













*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <string.h>

/*
** A structure to hold context of the next_char() computation across
................................................................................
      if( zWhereClause[0] ) sqlite3_free(zWhereClause);
      return;
    }
  }else{
    zColl = "";
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
    "SELECT \"%w\" FROM \"%w\""
    " WHERE \"%w\">=(?1 || ?2) %s"
    "   AND \"%w\"<=(?1 || char(1114111)) %s" /* 1114111 == 0x10ffff */
    "   %s"
    " ORDER BY 1 %s ASC LIMIT 1",
    zField, zTable, zField, zColl, zField, zColl, zWhereClause, zColl
  );
  if( zWhereClause[0] ) sqlite3_free(zWhereClause);
  if( zColl[0] ) sqlite3_free(zColl);
  if( zSql==0 ){







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|







34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
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58
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60
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240
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242
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244
245
246
247
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251
252
253
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256
** Further suppose that for user keypad entry, it is desired to disable
** (gray out) keys that are not valid as the next character.  If the
** the user has previously entered (say) 'cha' then to find all allowed
** next characters (and thereby determine when keys should not be grayed
** out) run the following query:
**
**   SELECT next_char('cha','dictionary','word');
**
** IMPLEMENTATION NOTES:
**
** The next_char function is implemented using recursive SQL that makes
** use of the table name and column name as part of a query.  If either
** the table name or column name are keywords or contain special characters,
** then they should be escaped.  For example:
**
**   SELECT next_char('cha','[dictionary]','[word]');
**
** This also means that the table name can be a subquery:
**
**   SELECT next_char('cha','(SELECT word AS w FROM dictionary)','w');
*/
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <string.h>

/*
** A structure to hold context of the next_char() computation across
................................................................................
      if( zWhereClause[0] ) sqlite3_free(zWhereClause);
      return;
    }
  }else{
    zColl = "";
  }
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
    "SELECT %s FROM %s"
    " WHERE %s>=(?1 || ?2) %s"
    "   AND %s<=(?1 || char(1114111)) %s" /* 1114111 == 0x10ffff */
    "   %s"
    " ORDER BY 1 %s ASC LIMIT 1",
    zField, zTable, zField, zColl, zField, zColl, zWhereClause, zColl
  );
  if( zWhereClause[0] ) sqlite3_free(zWhereClause);
  if( zColl[0] ) sqlite3_free(zColl);
  if( zSql==0 ){

Added ext/misc/vfslog.c.



























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2013-10-09
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains the implementation of an SQLite vfs wrapper for
** unix that generates per-database log files of all disk activity.
*/

/*
** This module contains code for a wrapper VFS that causes a log of
** most VFS calls to be written into a file on disk. The log 
** is stored as comma-separated variables.
**
** All calls on sqlite3_file objects are logged.
** Additionally, calls to the xAccess(), xOpen(), and xDelete()
** methods are logged. The other sqlite3_vfs object methods (xDlXXX,
** xRandomness, xSleep, xCurrentTime, xGetLastError and xCurrentTimeInt64) 
** are not logged.
*/

#include "sqlite3.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>

/*
** Forward declaration of objects used by this utility
*/
typedef struct VLogLog VLogLog;
typedef struct VLogVfs VLogVfs;
typedef struct VLogFile VLogFile;

/* There is a pair (an array of size 2) of the following objects for
** each database file being logged.  The first contains the filename
** and is used to log I/O with the main database.  The second has
** a NULL filename and is used to log I/O for the journal.  Both
** out pointers are the same.
*/
struct VLogLog {
  VLogLog *pNext;                 /* Next in a list of all active logs */
  VLogLog **ppPrev;               /* Pointer to this in the list */
  int nRef;                       /* Number of references to this object */
  int nFilename;                  /* Length of zFilename in bytes */
  char *zFilename;                /* Name of database file.  NULL for journal */
  FILE *out;                      /* Write information here */
};

struct VLogVfs {
  sqlite3_vfs base;               /* VFS methods */
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;              /* Parent VFS */
};

struct VLogFile {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* IO methods */
  sqlite3_file *pReal;            /* Underlying file handle */
  VLogLog *pLog;                  /* The log file for this file */
};

#define REALVFS(p) (((VLogVfs*)(p))->pVfs)

/*
** Methods for VLogFile
*/
static int vlogClose(sqlite3_file*);
static int vlogRead(sqlite3_file*, void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
static int vlogWrite(sqlite3_file*,const void*,int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
static int vlogTruncate(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 size);
static int vlogSync(sqlite3_file*, int flags);
static int vlogFileSize(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 *pSize);
static int vlogLock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int vlogUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
static int vlogCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file*, int *pResOut);
static int vlogFileControl(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
static int vlogSectorSize(sqlite3_file*);
static int vlogDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file*);

/*
** Methods for VLogVfs
*/
static int vlogOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *, sqlite3_file*, int , int *);
static int vlogDelete(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int syncDir);
static int vlogAccess(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int flags, int *);
static int vlogFullPathname(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int, char *zOut);
static void *vlogDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zFilename);
static void vlogDlError(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zErrMsg);
static void (*vlogDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *p, const char*zSym))(void);
static void vlogDlClose(sqlite3_vfs*, void*);
static int vlogRandomness(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zOut);
static int vlogSleep(sqlite3_vfs*, int microseconds);
static int vlogCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
static int vlogGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
static int vlogCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_int64*);

static VLogVfs vlog_vfs = {
  {
    1,                            /* iVersion */
    0,                            /* szOsFile (set by register_vlog()) */
    1024,                         /* mxPathname */
    0,                            /* pNext */
    "vfslog",                     /* zName */
    0,                            /* pAppData */
    vlogOpen,                     /* xOpen */
    vlogDelete,                   /* xDelete */
    vlogAccess,                   /* xAccess */
    vlogFullPathname,             /* xFullPathname */
    vlogDlOpen,                   /* xDlOpen */
    vlogDlError,                  /* xDlError */
    vlogDlSym,                    /* xDlSym */
    vlogDlClose,                  /* xDlClose */
    vlogRandomness,               /* xRandomness */
    vlogSleep,                    /* xSleep */
    vlogCurrentTime,              /* xCurrentTime */
    vlogGetLastError,             /* xGetLastError */
    vlogCurrentTimeInt64          /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
  },
  0
};

static sqlite3_io_methods vlog_io_methods = {
  1,                              /* iVersion */
  vlogClose,                      /* xClose */
  vlogRead,                       /* xRead */
  vlogWrite,                      /* xWrite */
  vlogTruncate,                   /* xTruncate */
  vlogSync,                       /* xSync */
  vlogFileSize,                   /* xFileSize */
  vlogLock,                       /* xLock */
  vlogUnlock,                     /* xUnlock */
  vlogCheckReservedLock,          /* xCheckReservedLock */
  vlogFileControl,                /* xFileControl */
  vlogSectorSize,                 /* xSectorSize */
  vlogDeviceCharacteristics,      /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
  0,                              /* xShmMap */
  0,                              /* xShmLock */
  0,                              /* xShmBarrier */
  0                               /* xShmUnmap */
};

#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX && !defined(NO_GETTOD)
#include <sys/time.h>
static sqlite3_uint64 vlog_time(){
  struct timeval sTime;
  gettimeofday(&sTime, 0);
  return sTime.tv_usec + (sqlite3_uint64)sTime.tv_sec * 1000000;
}
#elif SQLITE_OS_WIN
#include <windows.h>
#include <time.h>
static sqlite3_uint64 vlog_time(){
  FILETIME ft;
  sqlite3_uint64 u64time = 0;
 
  GetSystemTimeAsFileTime(&ft);

  u64time |= ft.dwHighDateTime;
  u64time <<= 32;
  u64time |= ft.dwLowDateTime;

  /* ft is 100-nanosecond intervals, we want microseconds */
  return u64time /(sqlite3_uint64)10;
}
#else
static sqlite3_uint64 vlog_time(){
  return 0;
}
#endif


/*
** Write a message to the log file
*/
static void vlogLogPrint(
  VLogLog *pLog,                 /* The log file to write into */
  sqlite3_int64 tStart,            /* Start time of system call */
  sqlite3_int64 tElapse,           /* Elapse time of system call */
  const char *zOp,                 /* Type of system call */
  sqlite3_int64 iArg1,             /* First argument */
  sqlite3_int64 iArg2,             /* Second argument */
  const char *zArg3,               /* Third argument */
  int iRes                         /* Result */
){
  char z1[40], z2[40], z3[70];
  if( pLog==0 ) return;
  if( iArg1>=0 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z1), z1, "%lld", iArg1);
  }else{
    z1[0] = 0;
  }
  if( iArg2>=0 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z2), z2, "%lld", iArg2);
  }else{
    z2[0] = 0;
  }
  if( zArg3 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z3), z3, "\"%s\"", zArg3);
  }else{
    z3[0] = 0;
  }
  fprintf(pLog->out,"%lld,%lld,%s,%d,%s,%s,%s,%d\n",
      tStart, tElapse, zOp, pLog->zFilename==0, z1, z2, z3, iRes);
}

/*
** List of all active log connections.  Protected by the master mutex.
*/
static VLogLog *allLogs = 0;

/*
** Close a VLogLog object
*/
static void vlogLogClose(VLogLog *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_mutex *pMutex;
    p->nRef--;
    if( p->nRef>0 || p->zFilename==0 ) return;
    pMutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMutex);
    *p->ppPrev = p->pNext;
    if( p->pNext ) p->pNext->ppPrev = p->ppPrev;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMutex);
    fclose(p->out);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Open a VLogLog object on the given file
*/
static VLogLog *vlogLogOpen(const char *zFilename){
  int nName = (int)strlen(zFilename);
  int isJournal = 0;
  sqlite3_mutex *pMutex;
  VLogLog *pLog, *pTemp;
  sqlite3_int64 tNow = 0;
  if( nName>4 && strcmp(zFilename+nName-4,"-wal")==0 ){
    return 0;  /* Do not log wal files */
  }else
  if( nName>8 && strcmp(zFilename+nName-8,"-journal")==0 ){
    nName -= 8;
    isJournal = 1;
  }else if( nName>12 
         && sqlite3_strglob("-mj??????9??", zFilename+nName-12)==0 ){
    return 0;  /* Do not log master journal files */
  }
  pTemp = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pLog)*2 + nName + 60 );
  if( pTemp==0 ) return 0;
  pMutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMutex);
  for(pLog=allLogs; pLog; pLog=pLog->pNext){
    if( pLog->nFilename==nName && !memcmp(pLog->zFilename, zFilename, nName) ){
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLog==0 ){
    pLog = pTemp;
    pTemp = 0;
    memset(pLog, 0, sizeof(*pLog)*2);
    pLog->zFilename = (char*)&pLog[2];
    tNow = vlog_time();
    sqlite3_snprintf(nName+60, pLog->zFilename, "%.*s-debuglog-%lld",
                     nName, zFilename, tNow);
    pLog->out = fopen(pLog->zFilename, "a");
    if( pLog->out==0 ){
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMutex);
      sqlite3_free(pLog);
      return 0;
    }
    pLog->nFilename = nName;
    pLog[1].out = pLog[0].out;
    pLog->ppPrev = &allLogs;
    if( allLogs ) allLogs->ppPrev = &pLog->pNext;
    pLog->pNext = allLogs;
    allLogs = pLog;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMutex);
  if( pTemp ){
    sqlite3_free(pTemp);
  }else{
    char zHost[200];
    zHost[0] = 0;
    gethostname(zHost, sizeof(zHost)-1);
    zHost[sizeof(zHost)-1] = 0;
    vlogLogPrint(pLog, tNow, 0, "IDENT", getpid(), -1, zHost, 0);
  }
  if( pLog && isJournal ) pLog++;
  pLog->nRef++;
  return pLog;
}


/*
** Close an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogClose(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;

  tStart = vlog_time();
  if( p->pReal->pMethods ){
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xClose(p->pReal);
  }
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "CLOSE", -1, -1, 0, rc);
  vlogLogClose(p->pLog);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Compute signature for a block of content.
**
** For blocks of 16 or fewer bytes, the signature is just a hex dump of
** the entire block.
**
** For blocks of more than 16 bytes, the signature is a hex dump of the
** first 8 bytes followed by a 64-bit has of the entire block.
*/
static void vlogSignature(unsigned char *p, int n, char *zCksum){
  unsigned int s0 = 0, s1 = 0;
  unsigned int *pI;
  int i;
  if( n<=16 ){
    for(i=0; i<n; i++) sqlite3_snprintf(3, zCksum+i*2, "%02x", p[i]);
  }else{ 
    pI = (unsigned int*)p;
    for(i=0; i<n-7; i+=8){
      s0 += pI[0] + s1;
      s1 += pI[1] + s0;
      pI += 2;
    }
    for(i=0; i<8; i++) sqlite3_snprintf(3, zCksum+i*2, "%02x", p[i]);
    sqlite3_snprintf(18, zCksum+i*2, "-%08x%08x", s0, s1);
  }
}

/*
** Read data from an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogRead(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  char zSig[40];

  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xRead(p->pReal, zBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    vlogSignature(zBuf, iAmt, zSig);
  }else{
    zSig[0] = 0;
  }
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "READ", iAmt, iOfst, zSig, rc);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && p->pLog
   && p->pLog->zFilename
   && iOfst<=24
   && iOfst+iAmt>=28
  ){
    unsigned char *x = ((unsigned char*)zBuf)+(24-iOfst);
    unsigned iCtr;
    iCtr = (x[0]<<24) + (x[1]<<16) + (x[2]<<8) + x[3];
    vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, 0, "CHNGCTR-READ", iCtr, -1, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write data to an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  const void *z,
  int iAmt,
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  char zSig[40];

  tStart = vlog_time();
  vlogSignature((unsigned char*)z, iAmt, zSig);
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xWrite(p->pReal, z, iAmt, iOfst);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "WRITE", iAmt, iOfst, zSig, rc);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && p->pLog
   && p->pLog->zFilename
   && iOfst<=24
   && iOfst+iAmt>=28
  ){
    unsigned char *x = ((unsigned char*)z)+(24-iOfst);
    unsigned iCtr;
    iCtr = (x[0]<<24) + (x[1]<<16) + (x[2]<<8) + x[3];
    vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, 0, "CHNGCTR-WRITE", iCtr, -1, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogTruncate(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 size){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xTruncate(p->pReal, size);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "TRUNCATE", size, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Sync an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogSync(sqlite3_file *pFile, int flags){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xSync(p->pReal, flags);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "SYNC", flags, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the current file-size of an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogFileSize(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 *pSize){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xFileSize(p->pReal, pSize);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "FILESIZE", *pSize, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xLock(p->pReal, eLock);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "LOCK", eLock, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unlock an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogUnlock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xUnlock(p->pReal, eLock);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "UNLOCK", eLock, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Check if another file-handle holds a RESERVED lock on an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int *pResOut){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xCheckReservedLock(p->pReal, pResOut);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "CHECKRESERVEDLOCK",
                 *pResOut, -1, "", rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** File control method. For custom operations on an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogFileControl(sqlite3_file *pFile, int op, void *pArg){
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  int rc;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xFileControl(p->pReal, op, pArg);
  if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("vlog/%z", *(char**)pArg);
  }
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "FILECONTROL", op, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the sector-size in bytes for an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogSectorSize(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xSectorSize(p->pReal);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "SECTORSIZE", -1, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the device characteristic flags supported by an vlog-file.
*/
static int vlogDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile *)pFile;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(p->pReal);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "DEVCHAR", -1, -1, 0, rc);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Open an vlog file handle.
*/
static int vlogOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
  const char *zName,
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  int flags,
  int *pOutFlags
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  sqlite3_int64 iArg2;
  VLogFile *p = (VLogFile*)pFile;

  p->pReal = (sqlite3_file*)&p[1];
  if( (flags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL))!=0 ){
    p->pLog = vlogLogOpen(zName);
  }else{
    p->pLog = 0;
  }
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = REALVFS(pVfs)->xOpen(REALVFS(pVfs), zName, p->pReal, flags, pOutFlags);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  iArg2 = pOutFlags ? *pOutFlags : -1;
  vlogLogPrint(p->pLog, tStart, tElapse, "OPEN", flags, iArg2, 0, rc);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->pMethods = &vlog_io_methods;
  }else{
    if( p->pLog ) vlogLogClose(p->pLog);
    p->pLog = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the file located at zPath. If the dirSync argument is true,
** ensure the file-system modifications are synced to disk before
** returning.
*/
static int vlogDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogLog *pLog;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = REALVFS(pVfs)->xDelete(REALVFS(pVfs), zPath, dirSync);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  pLog = vlogLogOpen(zPath);
  vlogLogPrint(pLog, tStart, tElapse, "DELETE", dirSync, -1, 0, rc);
  vlogLogClose(pLog);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Test for access permissions. Return true if the requested permission
** is available, or false otherwise.
*/
static int vlogAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_uint64 tStart, tElapse;
  VLogLog *pLog;
  tStart = vlog_time();
  rc = REALVFS(pVfs)->xAccess(REALVFS(pVfs), zPath, flags, pResOut);
  tElapse = vlog_time() - tStart;
  pLog = vlogLogOpen(zPath);
  vlogLogPrint(pLog, tStart, tElapse, "ACCESS", flags, *pResOut, 0, rc);
  vlogLogClose(pLog);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Populate buffer zOut with the full canonical pathname corresponding
** to the pathname in zPath. zOut is guaranteed to point to a buffer
** of at least (INST_MAX_PATHNAME+1) bytes.
*/
static int vlogFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int nOut, 
  char *zOut
){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xFullPathname(REALVFS(pVfs), zPath, nOut, zOut);
}

/*
** Open the dynamic library located at zPath and return a handle.
*/
static void *vlogDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xDlOpen(REALVFS(pVfs), zPath);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer zErrMsg (size nByte bytes) with a human readable
** utf-8 string describing the most recent error encountered associated 
** with dynamic libraries.
*/
static void vlogDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zErrMsg){
  REALVFS(pVfs)->xDlError(REALVFS(pVfs), nByte, zErrMsg);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the symbol zSymbol in the dynamic library pHandle.
*/
static void (*vlogDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *p, const char *zSym))(void){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xDlSym(REALVFS(pVfs), p, zSym);
}

/*
** Close the dynamic library handle pHandle.
*/
static void vlogDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  REALVFS(pVfs)->xDlClose(REALVFS(pVfs), pHandle);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer pointed to by zBufOut with nByte bytes of 
** random data.
*/
static int vlogRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xRandomness(REALVFS(pVfs), nByte, zBufOut);
}

/*
** Sleep for nMicro microseconds. Return the number of microseconds 
** actually slept.
*/
static int vlogSleep(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nMicro){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xSleep(REALVFS(pVfs), nMicro);
}

/*
** Return the current time as a Julian Day number in *pTimeOut.
*/
static int vlogCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *pTimeOut){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xCurrentTime(REALVFS(pVfs), pTimeOut);
}

static int vlogGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int a, char *b){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xGetLastError(REALVFS(pVfs), a, b);
}
static int vlogCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *p){
  return REALVFS(pVfs)->xCurrentTimeInt64(REALVFS(pVfs), p);
}

/*
** Register debugvfs as the default VFS for this process.
*/
int sqlite3_register_vfslog(const char *zArg){
  vlog_vfs.pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  vlog_vfs.base.szOsFile = sizeof(VLogFile) + vlog_vfs.pVfs->szOsFile;
  return sqlite3_vfs_register(&vlog_vfs.base, 1);
}

Changes to main.mk.

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  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c



#TESTSRC += $(TOP)/ext/fts2/fts2_tokenizer.c
#TESTSRC += $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer.c

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
................................................................................

TEST_EXTENSION = $(SHPREFIX)testloadext.$(SO)
$(TEST_EXTENSION): $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c
	$(MKSHLIB) $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c -o $(TEST_EXTENSION)

extensiontest: testfixture$(EXE) $(TEST_EXTENSION)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/loadext.test





# This target will fail if the SQLite amalgamation contains any exported
# symbols that do not begin with "sqlite3_". It is run as part of the
# releasetest.tcl script.
#
checksymbols: sqlite3.o
	nm -g --defined-only sqlite3.o | grep -v " sqlite3_" ; test $$? -ne 0
................................................................................
	rm -f threadtest3 threadtest3.exe
	rm -f sqlite3.c fts?amal.c tclsqlite3.c
	rm -f sqlite3rc.h
	rm -f shell.c sqlite3ext.h
	rm -f sqlite3_analyzer sqlite3_analyzer.exe sqlite3_analyzer.c
	rm -f sqlite-*-output.vsix
	rm -f mptester mptester.exe








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  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/regexp.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/spellfix.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/wholenumber.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/vfslog.c


#TESTSRC += $(TOP)/ext/fts2/fts2_tokenizer.c
#TESTSRC += $(TOP)/ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer.c

TESTSRC2 = \
  $(TOP)/src/attach.c \
................................................................................

TEST_EXTENSION = $(SHPREFIX)testloadext.$(SO)
$(TEST_EXTENSION): $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c
	$(MKSHLIB) $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c -o $(TEST_EXTENSION)

extensiontest: testfixture$(EXE) $(TEST_EXTENSION)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/loadext.test

showdb:	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showdb \
		$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c

# This target will fail if the SQLite amalgamation contains any exported
# symbols that do not begin with "sqlite3_". It is run as part of the
# releasetest.tcl script.
#
checksymbols: sqlite3.o
	nm -g --defined-only sqlite3.o | grep -v " sqlite3_" ; test $$? -ne 0
................................................................................
	rm -f threadtest3 threadtest3.exe
	rm -f sqlite3.c fts?amal.c tclsqlite3.c
	rm -f sqlite3rc.h
	rm -f shell.c sqlite3ext.h
	rm -f sqlite3_analyzer sqlite3_analyzer.exe sqlite3_analyzer.c
	rm -f sqlite-*-output.vsix
	rm -f mptester mptester.exe
	rm -f showdb

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    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};






























#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Return true if pNew is to be preferred over pOld.



*/
static int sampleIsBetter(Stat4Sample *pNew, Stat4Sample *pOld){




  tRowcnt nEqNew = pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol];
  tRowcnt nEqOld = pOld->anEq[pOld->iCol];

  assert( pOld->isPSample==0 && pNew->isPSample==0 );
  assert( IsStat4 || (pNew->iCol==0 && pOld->iCol==0) );

  if( (nEqNew>nEqOld)

   || (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iCol<pOld->iCol)
   || (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash)
  ){
    return 1;

  }
  return 0;



}

/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->iRowid = pFrom->iRowid;
................................................................................
/*
** Copy the contents of sample *pNew into the p->a[] array. If necessary,
** remove the least desirable sample from p->a[] to make room.
*/
static void sampleInsert(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pNew, int nEqZero){
  Stat4Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  i64 iSeq;
  int iPos;

  assert( IsStat4 || nEqZero==0 );


  if( pNew->isPSample==0 ){
    Stat4Sample *pUpgrade = 0;
    assert( pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol]>0 );

    /* This sample is being added because the prefix that ends in column 
    ** iCol occurs many times in the table. However, if we have already
    ** added a sample that shares this prefix, there is no need to add
    ** this one. Instead, upgrade the priority of the highest priority
    ** existing sample that shares this prefix.  */
    for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
      Stat4Sample *pOld = &p->a[i];
      if( pOld->anEq[pNew->iCol]==0 ){
        if( pOld->isPSample ) return;

        assert( sampleIsBetter(pNew, pOld) );
        if( pUpgrade==0 || sampleIsBetter(pOld, pUpgrade) ){
          pUpgrade = pOld;
        }
      }
    }
    if( pUpgrade ){
      pUpgrade->iCol = pNew->iCol;
      pUpgrade->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol] = pNew->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol];
      goto find_new_min;
    }
  }


  /* If necessary, remove sample iMin to make room for the new sample. */
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pMin = &p->a[p->iMin];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pMin->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pMin->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pMin->anDLt;
................................................................................
       || pNew->anLt[p->nCol-1] > p->a[p->nSample-1].anLt[p->nCol-1] );
#endif

  /* Insert the new sample */
  pSample = &p->a[p->nSample];
  sampleCopy(p, pSample, pNew);
  p->nSample++;

#if 0
  iSeq = pNew->anLt[p->nCol-1];
  for(iPos=p->nSample; iPos>0; iPos--){
    if( iSeq>p->a[iPos-1].anLt[p->nCol-1] ) break;
  }

  if( iPos!=p->nSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pEnd = &p->a[p->nSample];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pEnd->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pEnd->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pEnd->anDLt;
    memmove(&p->a[iPos], &p->a[iPos+1], (p->nSample-iPos)*sizeof(p->a[0]));
    pSample->anEq = anEq;
    pSample->anDLt = anDLt;
    pSample->anLt = anLt;
  }
#endif


  /* Zero the first nEqZero entries in the anEq[] array. */
  memset(pSample->anEq, 0, sizeof(tRowcnt)*nEqZero);


 find_new_min:

  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    int iMin = -1;
    for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++){
      if( p->a[i].isPSample ) continue;
      if( iMin<0 || sampleIsBetter(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[i]) ){
        iMin = i;
      }
    }
    assert( iMin>=0 );
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  int i;

  /* Check if any samples from the aBest[] array should be pushed
  ** into IndexSample.a[] at this point.  */
  for(i=(p->nCol-2); i>=iChng; i--){
    Stat4Sample *pBest = &p->aBest[i];
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample
     || sampleIsBetter(pBest, &p->a[p->iMin])
    ){
      sampleInsert(p, pBest, i);
    }
  }

  /* Update the anEq[] fields of any samples already collected. */
  for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
    int j;
................................................................................
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+nEq)/p->nPSample ){
      p->current.isPSample = 1;
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }else 

    /* Or if it is a non-periodic sample. Add it in this case too. */
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample || sampleIsBetter(&p->current, &p->a[p->iMin]) ){


      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, p->nCol-1);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }

    /* Update the aBest[] array. */
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      p->current.iCol = i;
      if( i>=iChng || sampleIsBetter(&p->current, &p->aBest[i]) ){
        sampleCopy(p, &p->aBest[i], &p->current);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statPushFuncdef = {
  2+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statPush,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_push",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
................................................................................

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%lld", p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      i64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      i64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %lld", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
................................................................................
      char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
      if( zRet==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      }else{
        int i;
        char *z = zRet;
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, "%lld ", aCnt[i]);
          z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
        }
        assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
        z[-1] = '\0';
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_get",      /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
................................................................................

/*
** The first argument points to a nul-terminated string containing a
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray, 
  int nOut, 
  tRowcnt *aOut, 
  int *pbUnordered
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;

  assert( pbUnordered==0 || *pbUnordered==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
#else
  if( NEVER(z==0) ) z = "";
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
................................................................................
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    aOut[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }






  if( pbUnordered && strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
    *pbUnordered = 1;





  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    int bUnordered = 0;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst,&bUnordered);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
    pIndex->bUnordered = bUnordered;
  }else{


    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, 0);

  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array







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    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = nCol*0x689e962d ^ sqlite3_value_int(argv[1])*0xd0944565;
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */

  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
/*
** pNew and pOld are both candidate non-periodic samples selected for 
** the same column (pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol). Ignoring this column and 
** considering only any trailing columns and the sample hash value, this
** function returns true if sample pNew is to be preferred over pOld.
** In other words, if we assume that the cardinalities of the selected
** column for pNew and pOld are equal, is pNew to be preferred over pOld.
**
** This function assumes that for each argument sample, the contents of
** the anEq[] array from pSample->anEq[pSample->iCol+1] onwards are valid. 
*/
static int sampleIsBetterPost(
  Stat4Accum *pAccum, 
  Stat4Sample *pNew, 
  Stat4Sample *pOld
){
  int nCol = pAccum->nCol;
  int i;
  assert( pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol );
  for(i=pNew->iCol+1; i<nCol; i++){
    if( pNew->anEq[i]>pOld->anEq[i] ) return 1;
    if( pNew->anEq[i]<pOld->anEq[i] ) return 0;
  }
  if( pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash ) return 1;
  return 0;
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Return true if pNew is to be preferred over pOld.
**
** This function assumes that for each argument sample, the contents of
** the anEq[] array from pSample->anEq[pSample->iCol] onwards are valid. 
*/
static int sampleIsBetter(
  Stat4Accum *pAccum, 
  Stat4Sample *pNew, 
  Stat4Sample *pOld
){
  tRowcnt nEqNew = pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol];
  tRowcnt nEqOld = pOld->anEq[pOld->iCol];

  assert( pOld->isPSample==0 && pNew->isPSample==0 );
  assert( IsStat4 || (pNew->iCol==0 && pOld->iCol==0) );

  if( (nEqNew>nEqOld) ) return 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  if( nEqNew==nEqOld ){


    if( pNew->iCol<pOld->iCol ) return 1;
    return (pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol && sampleIsBetterPost(pAccum, pNew, pOld));
  }
  return 0;
#else
  return (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash);
#endif
}

/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->iRowid = pFrom->iRowid;
................................................................................
/*
** Copy the contents of sample *pNew into the p->a[] array. If necessary,
** remove the least desirable sample from p->a[] to make room.
*/
static void sampleInsert(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pNew, int nEqZero){
  Stat4Sample *pSample;
  int i;



  assert( IsStat4 || nEqZero==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  if( pNew->isPSample==0 ){
    Stat4Sample *pUpgrade = 0;
    assert( pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol]>0 );

    /* This sample is being added because the prefix that ends in column 
    ** iCol occurs many times in the table. However, if we have already
    ** added a sample that shares this prefix, there is no need to add
    ** this one. Instead, upgrade the priority of the highest priority
    ** existing sample that shares this prefix.  */
    for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
      Stat4Sample *pOld = &p->a[i];
      if( pOld->anEq[pNew->iCol]==0 ){
        if( pOld->isPSample ) return;
        assert( pOld->iCol>pNew->iCol );
        assert( sampleIsBetter(p, pNew, pOld) );
        if( pUpgrade==0 || sampleIsBetter(p, pOld, pUpgrade) ){
          pUpgrade = pOld;
        }
      }
    }
    if( pUpgrade ){
      pUpgrade->iCol = pNew->iCol;
      pUpgrade->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol] = pNew->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol];
      goto find_new_min;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* If necessary, remove sample iMin to make room for the new sample. */
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pMin = &p->a[p->iMin];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pMin->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pMin->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pMin->anDLt;
................................................................................
       || pNew->anLt[p->nCol-1] > p->a[p->nSample-1].anLt[p->nCol-1] );
#endif

  /* Insert the new sample */
  pSample = &p->a[p->nSample];
  sampleCopy(p, pSample, pNew);
  p->nSample++;




















  /* Zero the first nEqZero entries in the anEq[] array. */
  memset(pSample->anEq, 0, sizeof(tRowcnt)*nEqZero);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
 find_new_min:
#endif
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    int iMin = -1;
    for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++){
      if( p->a[i].isPSample ) continue;
      if( iMin<0 || sampleIsBetter(p, &p->a[iMin], &p->a[i]) ){
        iMin = i;
      }
    }
    assert( iMin>=0 );
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  int i;

  /* Check if any samples from the aBest[] array should be pushed
  ** into IndexSample.a[] at this point.  */
  for(i=(p->nCol-2); i>=iChng; i--){
    Stat4Sample *pBest = &p->aBest[i];
    pBest->anEq[i] = p->current.anEq[i];
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample || sampleIsBetter(p, pBest, &p->a[p->iMin]) ){

      sampleInsert(p, pBest, i);
    }
  }

  /* Update the anEq[] fields of any samples already collected. */
  for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
    int j;
................................................................................
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+nEq)/p->nPSample ){
      p->current.isPSample = 1;
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }else 

    /* Or if it is a non-periodic sample. Add it in this case too. */
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample 
     || sampleIsBetter(p, &p->current, &p->a[p->iMin]) 
    ){
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, p->nCol-1);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }

    /* Update the aBest[] array. */
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      p->current.iCol = i;
      if( i>=iChng || sampleIsBetterPost(p, &p->current, &p->aBest[i]) ){
        sampleCopy(p, &p->aBest[i], &p->current);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statPushFuncdef = {
  2+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */

  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statPush,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_push",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
................................................................................

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%llu", (u64)p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      u64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      u64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %llu", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
................................................................................
      char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
      if( zRet==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      }else{
        int i;
        char *z = zRet;
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, "%llu ", (u64)aCnt[i]);
          z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
        }
        assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
        z[-1] = '\0';
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */

  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_get",      /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
................................................................................

/*
** The first argument points to a nul-terminated string containing a
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray,       /* String containing int array to decode */
  int nOut,              /* Number of slots in aOut[] */
  tRowcnt *aOut,         /* Store integers here */
  Index *pIndex          /* Handle extra flags for this index, if not NULL */
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
#else
  if( NEVER(z==0) ) z = "";
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
................................................................................
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    aOut[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif
  {
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
    }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){
      int v32 = 0;
      sqlite3GetInt32(z+3, &v32);
      pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(v32);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){

    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];

  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array

Changes to src/attach.c.

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** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
void sqlite3Detach(Parse *pParse, Expr *pDbname){
  static const FuncDef detach_func = {
    1,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    detachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_detach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
** Called by the parser to compile an ATTACH statement.
**
**     ATTACH p AS pDbname KEY pKey
*/
void sqlite3Attach(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, Expr *pDbname, Expr *pKey){
  static const FuncDef attach_func = {
    3,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    attachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_attach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.
**
** The return value indicates whether or not fixation is required.  TRUE
** means we do need to fix the database references, FALSE means we do not.
*/
int sqlite3FixInit(
  DbFixer *pFix,      /* The fixer to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( NEVER(iDb<0) || iDb==1 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  return 1;
}

/*
** The following set of routines walk through the parse tree and assign
** a specific database to all table references where the database name
** was left unspecified in the original SQL statement.  The pFix structure
** must have been initialized by a prior call to sqlite3FixInit().
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){

    if( pItem->zDatabase && sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase, zDb) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
         "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
         pFix->zType, pFix->pName, pItem->zDatabase);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pFix->pParse->db, pItem->zDatabase);
    pItem->zDatabase = 0;
    pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(pFix, pSelect->pSrc) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pWhere) ){
      return 1;



    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pHaving) ){
      return 1;









    }
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  }
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){








    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;







|
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** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
void sqlite3Detach(Parse *pParse, Expr *pDbname){
  static const FuncDef detach_func = {
    1,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* funcFlags */

    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    detachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_detach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
** Called by the parser to compile an ATTACH statement.
**
**     ATTACH p AS pDbname KEY pKey
*/
void sqlite3Attach(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, Expr *pDbname, Expr *pKey){
  static const FuncDef attach_func = {
    3,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* funcFlags */

    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    attachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_attach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.



*/
void sqlite3FixInit(
  DbFixer *pFix,      /* The fixer to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;


  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  pFix->bVarOnly = (iDb==1);
}

/*
** The following set of routines walk through the parse tree and assign
** a specific database to all table references where the database name
** was left unspecified in the original SQL statement.  The pFix structure
** must have been initialized by a prior call to sqlite3FixInit().
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    if( pFix->bVarOnly==0 ){
      if( pItem->zDatabase && sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase, zDb) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
            "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
            pFix->zType, pFix->pName, pItem->zDatabase);
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(pFix->pParse->db, pItem->zDatabase);
      pItem->zDatabase = 0;
      pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;
    }
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(pFix, pSelect->pSrc) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pWhere) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pSelect->pGroupBy) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pHaving) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pSelect->pOrderBy) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pLimit) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pOffset) ){
      return 1;
    }
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  }
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE ){
      if( pFix->pParse->db->init.busy ){
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse, "%s cannot use variables", pFix->zType);
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;

Changes to src/btree.c.

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2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
....
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;
assert( pPage1->leaf==0 || pPage1->leaf==1 );
  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }








<







 







|







2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510

2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
....
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;

  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE || IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     unused
**     72       4     unused

**     76       4     unused
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**







|



|
|
|













|
|
>
|







52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  (1 means 65536)
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction (must be 64)
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction (must be 32)
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction (must be 32)
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     Application-ID
**     72      20     unused
**     92       4     The version-valid-for number
**     96       4     SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**

Changes to src/build.c.

875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
....
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028

1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
....
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072

1073

1074
1075
1076
1077
1078

1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085

1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
....
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102






















1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
....
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
....
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479




























1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
....
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509

1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
....
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527






1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
....
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
....
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488

2489
2490

2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
....
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
....
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
....
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754

2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1000000;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;



  if( zIn ) while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 

    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }























  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}





























/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;


  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */







  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName)
    && sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect)
  ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  int nCol;

  int nExtra = 0;
  char *zExtra;


  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTblName);
      if( pName2->n==0 && pTab && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
        iDb = 1;
      }
    }
#endif

    if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "index", pName) &&
        sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTblName)
    ){
      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;
    Column *pTabCol;
    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);


  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **







|







 







>







 







|


>

>
|



|
>







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
<







 







|
>
|
<
>







 







|
|
<







 







<







 







>







875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
....
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
....
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
....
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
....
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
....
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
....
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
....
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
....
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788

1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
....
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551

2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
....
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590

2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
....
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778

2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
....
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1048576;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn, u8 *pszEst){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const char *zChar = 0;

  if( zIn==0 ) return aff;
  while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If pszEst is not NULL, store an estimate of the field size.  The
  ** estimate is scaled so that the size of an integer is 1.  */
  if( pszEst ){
    *pszEst = 1;   /* default size is approx 4 bytes */
    if( aff<=SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      if( zChar ){
        while( zChar[0] ){
          if( sqlite3Isdigit(zChar[0]) ){
            int v;
            sqlite3GetInt32(zChar, &v);
            v = v/4 + 1;
            if( v>255 ) v = 255;
            *pszEst = v; /* BLOB(k), VARCHAR(k), CHAR(k) -> r=(k/4+1) */
            break;
          }
          zChar++;
        }
      }else{
        *pszEst = 5;   /* BLOB, TEXT, CLOB -> r=5  (approx 20 bytes)*/
      }
    }
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType, &pCol->szEst);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}

/*
** Estimate the total row width for a table.
*/
static void estimateTableWidth(Table *pTab){
  unsigned wTable = 0;
  const Column *pTabCol;
  int i;
  for(i=pTab->nCol, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; i>0; i--, pTabCol++){
    wTable += pTabCol->szEst;
  }
  if( pTab->iPKey<0 ) wTable++;
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(wTable*4);
}

/*
** Estimate the average size of a row for an index.
*/
static void estimateIndexWidth(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned wIndex = 1;
  int i;
  const Column *aCol = pIdx->pTable->aCol;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 && pIdx->aiColumn[i]<pIdx->pTable->nCol );
    wIndex += aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].szEst;
  }
  pIdx->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(wIndex*4);
}

/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect) ){

    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nCol;                        /* Number of columns */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */

  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */

  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTblName);
      if( pName2->n==0 && pTab && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
        iDb = 1;
      }
    }
#endif

    sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "index", pName);
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTblName) ){

      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;

    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **

Changes to src/callback.c.

266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
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275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
...
402
403
404
405
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408
409
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411
412
413
414
415
416
  if( p->nArg==nArg ){
    match = 4;
  }else{
    match = 1;
  }

  /* Bonus points if the text encoding matches */
  if( enc==p->iPrefEnc ){
    match += 2;  /* Exact encoding match */
  }else if( (enc & p->iPrefEnc & 2)!=0 ){
    match += 1;  /* Both are UTF16, but with different byte orders */
  }

  return match;
}

/*
................................................................................
  ** exact match for the name, number of arguments and encoding, then add a
  ** new entry to the hash table and return it.
  */
  if( createFlag && bestScore<FUNC_PERFECT_MATCH && 
      (pBest = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pBest)+nName+1))!=0 ){
    pBest->zName = (char *)&pBest[1];
    pBest->nArg = (u16)nArg;
    pBest->iPrefEnc = enc;
    memcpy(pBest->zName, zName, nName);
    pBest->zName[nName] = 0;
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(&db->aFunc, pBest);
  }

  if( pBest && (pBest->xStep || pBest->xFunc || createFlag) ){
    return pBest;







|

|







 







|







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416
  if( p->nArg==nArg ){
    match = 4;
  }else{
    match = 1;
  }

  /* Bonus points if the text encoding matches */
  if( enc==(p->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK) ){
    match += 2;  /* Exact encoding match */
  }else if( (enc & p->funcFlags & 2)!=0 ){
    match += 1;  /* Both are UTF16, but with different byte orders */
  }

  return match;
}

/*
................................................................................
  ** exact match for the name, number of arguments and encoding, then add a
  ** new entry to the hash table and return it.
  */
  if( createFlag && bestScore<FUNC_PERFECT_MATCH && 
      (pBest = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pBest)+nName+1))!=0 ){
    pBest->zName = (char *)&pBest[1];
    pBest->nArg = (u16)nArg;
    pBest->funcFlags = enc;
    memcpy(pBest->zName, zName, nName);
    pBest->zName[nName] = 0;
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(&db->aFunc, pBest);
  }

  if( pBest && (pBest->xStep || pBest->xFunc || createFlag) ){
    return pBest;

Changes to src/date.c.

290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
....
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->iJD)==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iT) ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));







|
|







 







|
|







290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
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299
300
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304
305
....
1074
1075
1076
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1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  p->iJD = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));

Changes to src/delete.c.

353
354
355
356
357
358
359

360
361
362
363
364
365
366
...
539
540
541
542
543
544
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547
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561
562
563
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565
566
567
568
569
570
571
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573
574
575
   && !IsVirtual(pTab) 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
    ** being deleted. Do not attempt to delete the row a second time, and 
    ** do not fire AFTER triggers.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, iLabel, iRowid);

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0);
  }

  /* Delete the index and table entries. Skip this step if pTab is really
  ** a view (in which case the only effect of the DELETE statement is to
  ** fire the INSTEAD OF triggers).  
  **
  ** If variable 'count' is non-zero, then this OP_Delete instruction should
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld);

  /* Invoke AFTER DELETE trigger programs. */
  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
      TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
  );

  /* Jump here if the row had already been deleted before any BEFORE







>







 







|







 







|







353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
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540
541
542
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544
545
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554
...
562
563
564
565
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568
569
570
571
572
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574
575
576
   && !IsVirtual(pTab) 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
    ** being deleted. Do not attempt to delete the row a second time, and 
    ** do not fire AFTER triggers.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, iLabel, iRowid);

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Delete the index and table entries. Skip this step if pTab is really
  ** a view (in which case the only effect of the DELETE statement is to
  ** fire the INSTEAD OF triggers).  
  **
  ** If variable 'count' is non-zero, then this OP_Delete instruction should
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld, 0, 0);

  /* Invoke AFTER DELETE trigger programs. */
  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
      TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
  );

  /* Jump here if the row had already been deleted before any BEFORE

Changes to src/expr.c.

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
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67
68
69
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..
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95
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...
727
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733


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736
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....
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....
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....
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2652
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3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
....
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
....
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
....
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
....
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
....
3816
3817
3818
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
....
4031
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
....
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
....
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE and/or TK_AS operators at the root of
** an expression.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){







  while( pExpr && (pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS) ){
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
  }

  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) && (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */


  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)==0 );
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_Irreducible)==0 );
    if( p->pLeft || p->pRight || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{

      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{
        pNew->flags2 = 0;
        if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */











/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
      */
      if( pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }










      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
        ** loading.
        */
        if( (pDef->flags & (SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH|SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF))!=0 ){
          u8 exprOp;
          assert( nFarg==1 );
          assert( pFarg->a[0].pExpr!=0 );
          exprOp = pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op;
          if( exprOp==TK_COLUMN || exprOp==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH==OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF==OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG );

            testcase( pDef->flags==SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = pDef->flags;
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);   /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          constMask |= (1<<i);
        }
        if( (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr);
        }
      }
      if( pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg ){
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in pExpr->pRight.  The Y is also optional.  If there is no
    ** ELSE clause and no other term matches, then the result of the
    ** exprssion is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );
      assert((pExpr->x.pList->nExpr % 2) == 0);
      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        cacheX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        cacheX.op = TK_REGISTER;
        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    pExpr->iTable = iMem;
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
    pExpr->iTable = r2;
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1);
  exprX.op2 = exprX.op;
  exprX.op = TK_REGISTER;
  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }







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  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate|EP_Skip;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE or TK_AS operators and any unlikely()
** or likelihood() function at the root of an expression.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){
  while( pExpr && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Skip) ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely) ){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      assert( pExpr->x.pList->nExpr>0 );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION );
      pExpr = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    }else{
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS );
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    }
  }   
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    /* The Expr.x union is never used at the same time as Expr.pRight */
    assert( p->x.pList==0 || p->pRight==0 );
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */
  assert( EXPR_FULLSIZE<=0xfff );
  assert( (0xfff & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_NoReduce) );
    if( p->pLeft || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{
      assert( p->pRight==0 );
      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static|EP_MemToken);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{

        if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */

/*
** Convert an expression node to a TK_REGISTER
*/
static void exprToRegister(Expr *p, int iReg){
  p->op2 = p->op;
  p->op = TK_REGISTER;
  p->iTable = iReg;
  ExprClearProperty(p, EP_Skip);
}

/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
        ** loading.
        */
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & (SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH|SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF))!=0 ){
          u8 exprOp;
          assert( nFarg==1 );
          assert( pFarg->a[0].pExpr!=0 );
          exprOp = pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op;
          if( exprOp==TK_COLUMN || exprOp==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH==OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF==OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG );
            testcase( (pDef->funcFlags&~SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK)
                       ==SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = pDef->funcFlags&~SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK;
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);   /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          constMask |= (1<<i);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr);
        }
      }
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg ){
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in the last element of pExpr->x.pList if pExpr->x.pList->nExpr is
    ** odd.  The Y is also optional.  If the number of elements in x.pList
    ** is even, then Y is omitted and the "otherwise" result is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );

      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        exprToRegister(&cacheX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1));
        testcase( regFree1==0 );

        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr-1; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);


  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    exprToRegister(pExpr, r2);


    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));


  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }

Changes to src/fkey.c.

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    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}

































































/*
** This function is called when inserting, deleting or updating a row of
** table pTab to generate VDBE code to perform foreign key constraint 
** processing for the operation.
**
** For a DELETE operation, parameter regOld is passed the index of the
** first register in an array of (pTab->nCol+1) registers containing the
................................................................................
** described for DELETE. Then again after the original record is deleted
** but before the new record is inserted using the INSERT convention. 
*/
void sqlite3FkCheck(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Row is being deleted from this table */ 
  int regOld,                     /* Previous row data is stored here */
  int regNew                      /* New row data is stored here */


){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  FKey *pFKey;                    /* Used to iterate through FKs */
  int iDb;                        /* Index of database containing pTab */
  const char *zDb;                /* Name of database containing pTab */
  int isIgnoreErrors = pParse->disableTriggers;

................................................................................
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
    int *aiCol;
    int iCol;
    int i;
    int isIgnore = 0;








    /* Find the parent table of this foreign key. Also find a unique index 
    ** on the parent key columns in the parent table. If either of these 
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table */
  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;





    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) 
     && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite 
    ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
................................................................................
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


/*
** This function is called before generating code to update or delete a 
** row contained in table pTab. If the operation is a DELETE, then
** parameter aChange is passed a NULL value. For an UPDATE, aChange points
** to an array of size N, where N is the number of columns in table pTab.
** If the i'th column is not modified by the UPDATE, then the corresponding 
................................................................................
      /* A DELETE operation. Foreign key processing is required if the 
      ** table in question is either the child or parent table for any 
      ** foreign key constraint.  */
      return (sqlite3FkReferences(pTab) || pTab->pFKey);
    }else{
      /* This is an UPDATE. Foreign key processing is only required if the
      ** operation modifies one or more child or parent key columns. */
      int i;
      FKey *p;

      /* Check if any child key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          int iChildKey = p->aCol[i].iFrom;
          if( aChange[iChildKey]>=0 ) return 1;
          if( iChildKey==pTab->iPKey && chngRowid ) return 1;
        }
      }

      /* Check if any parent key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          char *zKey = p->aCol[i].zCol;
          int iKey;
          for(iKey=0; iKey<pTab->nCol; iKey++){
            Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[iKey];
            if( (zKey ? !sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zKey)
                      : (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0) ){
              if( aChange[iKey]>=0 ) return 1;
              if( iKey==pTab->iPKey && chngRowid ) return 1;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This function is called when deleting or updating a row to implement
** any required CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT actions.
*/
void sqlite3FkActions(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being updated or deleted from */
  ExprList *pChanges,             /* Change-list for UPDATE, NULL for DELETE */
  int regOld                      /* Address of array containing old row */


){
  /* If foreign-key support is enabled, iterate through all FKs that 
  ** refer to table pTab. If there is an action associated with the FK 
  ** for this operation (either update or delete), invoke the associated 
  ** trigger sub-program.  */
  if( pParse->db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys ){
    FKey *pFKey;                  /* Iterator variable */
    for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){

      Trigger *pAction = fkActionTrigger(pParse, pTab, pFKey, pChanges);
      if( pAction ){
        sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(pParse, pAction, pTab, regOld, OE_Abort, 0);

      }
    }
  }
}

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */








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    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}


/*
** The second argument points to an FKey object representing a foreign key
** for which pTab is the child table. An UPDATE statement against pTab
** is currently being processed. For each column of the table that is 
** actually updated, the corresponding element in the aChange[] array
** is zero or greater (if a column is unmodified the corresponding element
** is set to -1). If the rowid column is modified by the UPDATE statement
** the bChngRowid argument is non-zero.
**
** This function returns true if any of the columns that are part of the
** child key for FK constraint *p are modified.
*/
static int fkChildIsModified(
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being updated */
  FKey *p,                        /* Foreign key for which pTab is the child */
  int *aChange,                   /* Array indicating modified columns */
  int bChngRowid                  /* True if rowid is modified by this update */
){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    int iChildKey = p->aCol[i].iFrom;
    if( aChange[iChildKey]>=0 ) return 1;
    if( iChildKey==pTab->iPKey && bChngRowid ) return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** The second argument points to an FKey object representing a foreign key
** for which pTab is the parent table. An UPDATE statement against pTab
** is currently being processed. For each column of the table that is 
** actually updated, the corresponding element in the aChange[] array
** is zero or greater (if a column is unmodified the corresponding element
** is set to -1). If the rowid column is modified by the UPDATE statement
** the bChngRowid argument is non-zero.
**
** This function returns true if any of the columns that are part of the
** parent key for FK constraint *p are modified.
*/
static int fkParentIsModified(
  Table *pTab, 
  FKey *p, 
  int *aChange, 
  int bChngRowid
){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    char *zKey = p->aCol[i].zCol;
    int iKey;
    for(iKey=0; iKey<pTab->nCol; iKey++){
      if( aChange[iKey]>=0 || (iKey==pTab->iPKey && bChngRowid) ){
        Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[iKey];
        if( zKey ){
          if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zKey) ) return 1;
        }else if( pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This function is called when inserting, deleting or updating a row of
** table pTab to generate VDBE code to perform foreign key constraint 
** processing for the operation.
**
** For a DELETE operation, parameter regOld is passed the index of the
** first register in an array of (pTab->nCol+1) registers containing the
................................................................................
** described for DELETE. Then again after the original record is deleted
** but before the new record is inserted using the INSERT convention. 
*/
void sqlite3FkCheck(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Row is being deleted from this table */ 
  int regOld,                     /* Previous row data is stored here */
  int regNew,                     /* New row data is stored here */
  int *aChange,                   /* Array indicating UPDATEd columns (or 0) */
  int bChngRowid                  /* True if rowid is UPDATEd */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  FKey *pFKey;                    /* Used to iterate through FKs */
  int iDb;                        /* Index of database containing pTab */
  const char *zDb;                /* Name of database containing pTab */
  int isIgnoreErrors = pParse->disableTriggers;

................................................................................
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
    int *aiCol;
    int iCol;
    int i;
    int isIgnore = 0;

    if( aChange 
     && sqlite3_stricmp(pTab->zName, pFKey->zTo)!=0
     && fkChildIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 
    ){
      continue;
    }

    /* Find the parent table of this foreign key. Also find a unique index 
    ** on the parent key columns in the parent table. If either of these 
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table */
  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;

    if( aChange && fkParentIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 ){
      continue;
    }

    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) 
     && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite 
    ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
................................................................................
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


/*
** This function is called before generating code to update or delete a 
** row contained in table pTab. If the operation is a DELETE, then
** parameter aChange is passed a NULL value. For an UPDATE, aChange points
** to an array of size N, where N is the number of columns in table pTab.
** If the i'th column is not modified by the UPDATE, then the corresponding 
................................................................................
      /* A DELETE operation. Foreign key processing is required if the 
      ** table in question is either the child or parent table for any 
      ** foreign key constraint.  */
      return (sqlite3FkReferences(pTab) || pTab->pFKey);
    }else{
      /* This is an UPDATE. Foreign key processing is only required if the
      ** operation modifies one or more child or parent key columns. */

      FKey *p;

      /* Check if any child key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( fkChildIsModified(pTab, p, aChange, chngRowid) ) return 1;




      }

      /* Check if any parent key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
        if( fkParentIsModified(pTab, p, aChange, chngRowid) ) return 1;











      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This function is called when deleting or updating a row to implement
** any required CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT actions.
*/
void sqlite3FkActions(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being updated or deleted from */
  ExprList *pChanges,             /* Change-list for UPDATE, NULL for DELETE */
  int regOld,                     /* Address of array containing old row */
  int *aChange,                   /* Array indicating UPDATEd columns (or 0) */
  int bChngRowid                  /* True if rowid is UPDATEd */
){
  /* If foreign-key support is enabled, iterate through all FKs that 
  ** refer to table pTab. If there is an action associated with the FK 
  ** for this operation (either update or delete), invoke the associated 
  ** trigger sub-program.  */
  if( pParse->db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys ){
    FKey *pFKey;                  /* Iterator variable */
    for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
      if( aChange==0 || fkParentIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid) ){
        Trigger *pAct = fkActionTrigger(pParse, pTab, pFKey, pChanges);
        if( pAct ){
          sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(pParse, pAct, pTab, regOld, OE_Abort, 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

Changes to src/func.c.

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1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
....
1655
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1657
1658
1659
1660
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1662
1663
1664


1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
....
1685
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1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}

/*
** The COALESCE() and IFNULL() functions are implemented as VDBE code so
** that unused argument values do not have to be computed.  However, we
** still need some kind of function implementation for this routines in
** the function table.  That function implementation will never be called
** so it doesn't matter what the implementation is.  We might as well use
** the "version()" function as a substitute.
*/
#define ifnullFunc versionFunc   /* Substitute function - never called */

/*
** Implementation of random().  Return a random integer.  
*/
static void randomFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
................................................................................
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
        if( noCase ){
          GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          GlogUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          }
        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlogUpperToLower(c);
        GlogUpperToLower(c2);
      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** Set the LIKEOPT flag on the 2-argument function with the given name.
*/
static void setLikeOptFlag(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, u8 flagVal){
  FuncDef *pDef;
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, sqlite3Strlen30(zName),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) ){
    pDef->flags = flagVal;
  }
}

/*
** Register the built-in LIKE and GLOB functions.  The caseSensitive
** parameter determines whether or not the LIKE operator is case
** sensitive.  GLOB is always case sensitive.
................................................................................
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, pExpr->u.zToken, 
                             sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->u.zToken),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( NEVER(pDef==0) || (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* The memcpy() statement assumes that the wildcard characters are
  ** the first three statements in the compareInfo structure.  The
  ** asserts() that follow verify that assumption
  */
  memcpy(aWc, pDef->pUserData, 3);
  assert( (char*)&likeInfoAlt == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchAll );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[1] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchOne );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[2] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchSet );
  *pIsNocase = (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_CASE)==0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** All all of the FuncDef structures in the aBuiltinFunc[] array above
** to the global function hash table.  This occurs at start-time (as
** a consequence of calling sqlite3_initialize()).
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),


    FUNCTION(random,             0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(randomblob,         1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     1, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     2, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
  #endif
    AGGREGATE(sum,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         sumFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(total,             1, 0, 0, sumStep,         totalFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(avg,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         avgFinalize    ),
 /* AGGREGATE(count,             0, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ), */
    {0,SQLITE_UTF8,SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT,0,0,0,countStep,countFinalize,"count",0,0},
    AGGREGATE(count,             1, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      1, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      2, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
  
    LIKEFUNC(glob, 2, &globInfo, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),
  #ifdef SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
    LIKEFUNC(like, 2, &likeInfoAlt, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),







|
|
|
|
|
|

|







 







|

|







 







|
|


|







 







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|







 







|







 







|











|







 







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|
>
>







 







|







414
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429
430
431
432
433
434
435
...
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
...
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
...
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
....
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
....
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
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1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
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1611
1612
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1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
....
1655
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1658
1659
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1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
....
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Some functions like COALESCE() and IFNULL() and UNLIKELY() are implemented
** as VDBE code so that unused argument values do not have to be computed.
** However, we still need some kind of function implementation for this
** routines in the function table.  The noopFunc macro provides this.
** noopFunc will never be called so it doesn't matter what the implementation
** is.  We might as well use the "version()" function as a substitute.
*/
#define noopFunc versionFunc   /* Substitute function - never called */

/*
** Implementation of random().  Return a random integer.  
*/
static void randomFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
................................................................................
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
        if( noCase ){
          GlobUpperToLower(c2);
          GlobUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlobUpperToLower(c2);
          }
        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlobUpperToLower(c);
        GlobUpperToLower(c2);
      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** Set the LIKEOPT flag on the 2-argument function with the given name.
*/
static void setLikeOptFlag(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, u8 flagVal){
  FuncDef *pDef;
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, sqlite3Strlen30(zName),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) ){
    pDef->funcFlags |= flagVal;
  }
}

/*
** Register the built-in LIKE and GLOB functions.  The caseSensitive
** parameter determines whether or not the LIKE operator is case
** sensitive.  GLOB is always case sensitive.
................................................................................
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, pExpr->u.zToken, 
                             sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->u.zToken),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( NEVER(pDef==0) || (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* The memcpy() statement assumes that the wildcard characters are
  ** the first three statements in the compareInfo structure.  The
  ** asserts() that follow verify that assumption
  */
  memcpy(aWc, pDef->pUserData, 3);
  assert( (char*)&likeInfoAlt == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchAll );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[1] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchOne );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[2] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchSet );
  *pIsNocase = (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CASE)==0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** All all of the FuncDef structures in the aBuiltinFunc[] array above
** to the global function hash table.  This occurs at start-time (as
** a consequence of calling sqlite3_initialize()).
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION(random,             0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(randomblob,         1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     1, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     2, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
  #endif
    AGGREGATE(sum,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         sumFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(total,             1, 0, 0, sumStep,         totalFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(avg,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         avgFinalize    ),
 /* AGGREGATE(count,             0, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ), */
    {0,SQLITE_UTF8|SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT,0,0,0,countStep,countFinalize,"count",0,0},
    AGGREGATE(count,             1, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      1, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      2, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
  
    LIKEFUNC(glob, 2, &globInfo, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),
  #ifdef SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
    LIKEFUNC(like, 2, &likeInfoAlt, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),

Changes to src/insert.c.

1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
....
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx,
          keyColumn>=0, 0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns);
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
          pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
................................................................................
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }







|







 







>







1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
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1041
....
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
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1914
1915
1916
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    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx,
          keyColumn>=0, 0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
          pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
................................................................................
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }

Changes to src/main.c.

1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
....
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
  
  /* Check if an existing function is being overridden or deleted. If so,
  ** and there are active VMs, then return SQLITE_BUSY. If a function
  ** is being overridden/deleted but there are no active VMs, allow the
  ** operation to continue but invalidate all precompiled statements.
  */
  p = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zFunctionName, nName, nArg, (u8)enc, 0);
  if( p && p->iPrefEnc==enc && p->nArg==nArg ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify user-function due to active statements");
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
................................................................................
  ** being replaced invoke the destructor function here. */
  functionDestroy(db, p);

  if( pDestructor ){
    pDestructor->nRef++;
  }
  p->pDestructor = pDestructor;
  p->flags = 0;
  p->xFunc = xFunc;
  p->xStep = xStep;
  p->xFinalize = xFinal;
  p->pUserData = pUserData;
  p->nArg = (u16)nArg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}







|







 







|







1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
....
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
  
  /* Check if an existing function is being overridden or deleted. If so,
  ** and there are active VMs, then return SQLITE_BUSY. If a function
  ** is being overridden/deleted but there are no active VMs, allow the
  ** operation to continue but invalidate all precompiled statements.
  */
  p = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zFunctionName, nName, nArg, (u8)enc, 0);
  if( p && (p->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK)==enc && p->nArg==nArg ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify user-function due to active statements");
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
................................................................................
  ** being replaced invoke the destructor function here. */
  functionDestroy(db, p);

  if( pDestructor ){
    pDestructor->nRef++;
  }
  p->pDestructor = pDestructor;
  p->funcFlags &= SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK;
  p->xFunc = xFunc;
  p->xStep = xStep;
  p->xFinalize = xFinal;
  p->pUserData = pUserData;
  p->nArg = (u16)nArg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to src/malloc.c.

480
481
482
483
484
485
486

487
488
489
490
491
492
493

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;







>







480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;

Changes to src/os_win.c.

104
105
106
107
108
109
110








111
112
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368
...
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670
671
672
673
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675









676
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681
682
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685
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689
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728
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....
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** Returns non-zero if the character should be treated as a directory
** separator.
*/
#ifndef winIsDirSep
#  define winIsDirSep(a)                (((a) == '/') || ((a) == '\\'))
#endif









/*
** Returns the string that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirDep
#  ifdef __CYGWIN__
#    define winGetDirDep()              "/"
#  else
................................................................................
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#else

static int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

................................................................................
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)










  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/




#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){





      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);

      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapAlloc %u bytes (%d), heap=%p",
                nBytes, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Free memory.
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) );
#endif
  if( !pPrior ) return; /* Passing NULL to HeapFree is undefined. */
  if( !osHeapFree(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapFree block %p (%d), heap=%p",
                pPrior, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
................................................................................
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  if( !pPrior ){
    p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }else{
    p = osHeapReAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to %s %u bytes (%d), heap=%p",
                pPrior ? "HeapReAlloc" : "HeapAlloc", nBytes, osGetLastError(),
                (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%d), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
  }
  return (int)n;
}

/*
................................................................................
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
          "failed to HeapCreate (%d), flags=%u, initSize=%u, maxSize=%u",
          osGetLastError(), SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
          SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pWinMemData->bOwned = TRUE;
    assert( pWinMemData->bOwned );
  }
#else
  pWinMemData->hHeap = osGetProcessHeap();
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
        "failed to GetProcessHeap (%d)", osGetLastError());
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
  assert( !pWinMemData->bOwned );
#endif
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=0 );
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
................................................................................
  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapDestroy (%d), heap=%p",
                    osGetLastError(), (void*)pWinMemData->hHeap);
      }
      pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
    }
    pWinMemData->hHeap = NULL;
  }
}
................................................................................
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void winShmPurge(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int deleteFlag){
  winShmNode **pp;
  winShmNode *p;
  BOOL bRc;
  assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
  OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid=%lu, deleteFlag=%d\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), deleteFlag));
  pp = &winShmNodeList;
  while( (p = *pp)!=0 ){
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      int i;
      if( p->mutex ) sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
      for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i++){
        bRc = osUnmapViewOfFile(p->aRegion[i].pMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-UNMAP pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));

        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-CLOSE pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));

      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
................................................................................
/****************************************************************************
**************************** sqlite3_vfs methods ****************************
**
** This division contains the implementation of methods on the
** sqlite3_vfs object.
*/


/*
** Convert a filename from whatever the underlying operating system
** supports for filenames into UTF-8.  Space to hold the result is
** obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling function.
*/
static char *winConvertToUtf8Filename(const void *zFilename){
  char *zConverted = 0;
................................................................................
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}


/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==74 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);







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** Returns non-zero if the character should be treated as a directory
** separator.
*/
#ifndef winIsDirSep
#  define winIsDirSep(a)                (((a) == '/') || ((a) == '\\'))
#endif

/*
** This macro is used when a local variable is set to a value that is
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x) (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the string that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirDep
#  ifdef __CYGWIN__
#    define winGetDirDep()              "/"
#  else
................................................................................
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && \
      defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
static int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

................................................................................
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExW,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExW ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOW))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/
#ifndef NTDDI_WIN8
#  define NTDDI_WIN8                        0x06020000
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){
#if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WIN8
      OSVERSIONINFOW sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExW(&sInfo);
#else
      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
#endif
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapAlloc %u bytes (%lu), heap=%p",
                nBytes, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Free memory.
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) );
#endif
  if( !pPrior ) return; /* Passing NULL to HeapFree is undefined. */
  if( !osHeapFree(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapFree block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                pPrior, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
................................................................................
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  if( !pPrior ){
    p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }else{
    p = osHeapReAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to %s %u bytes (%lu), heap=%p",
                pPrior ? "HeapReAlloc" : "HeapAlloc", nBytes, osGetLastError(),
                (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
  }
  return (int)n;
}

/*
................................................................................
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
          "failed to HeapCreate (%lu), flags=%u, initSize=%u, maxSize=%u",
          osGetLastError(), SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
          SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pWinMemData->bOwned = TRUE;
    assert( pWinMemData->bOwned );
  }
#else
  pWinMemData->hHeap = osGetProcessHeap();
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
        "failed to GetProcessHeap (%lu)", osGetLastError());
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
  assert( !pWinMemData->bOwned );
#endif
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=0 );
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
................................................................................
  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapDestroy (%lu), heap=%p",
                    osGetLastError(), (void*)pWinMemData->hHeap);
      }
      pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
    }
    pWinMemData->hHeap = NULL;
  }
}
................................................................................
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void winShmPurge(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int deleteFlag){
  winShmNode **pp;
  winShmNode *p;

  assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
  OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid=%lu, deleteFlag=%d\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), deleteFlag));
  pp = &winShmNodeList;
  while( (p = *pp)!=0 ){
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      int i;
      if( p->mutex ) sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
      for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i++){
        BOOL bRc = osUnmapViewOfFile(p->aRegion[i].pMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-UNMAP pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(bRc);
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-CLOSE pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(bRc);
      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
................................................................................
/****************************************************************************
**************************** sqlite3_vfs methods ****************************
**
** This division contains the implementation of methods on the
** sqlite3_vfs object.
*/

#if 0
/*
** Convert a filename from whatever the underlying operating system
** supports for filenames into UTF-8.  Space to hold the result is
** obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling function.
*/
static char *winConvertToUtf8Filename(const void *zFilename){
  char *zConverted = 0;
................................................................................
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}
#endif

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==75 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);

Changes to src/parse.y.

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    A.zStart = B.z;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, Z, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);

  }
  A.zStart = C.z;
  A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
}
%type case_exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor case_exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_exprlist(A) ::= case_exprlist(X) WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {







|

|



>







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    A.zStart = B.z;
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = Z ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,Y,Z) : Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, Z);
  }
  A.zStart = C.z;
  A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
}
%type case_exprlist {ExprList*}
%destructor case_exprlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
case_exprlist(A) ::= case_exprlist(X) WHEN expr(Y) THEN expr(Z). {

Changes to src/pragma.c.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"




























































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
................................................................................
  }
}
#else
# define setAllPagerFlags(X)  /* no-op */
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
/*
** Check to see if zRight and zLeft refer to a pragma that queries
** or changes one of the flags in db->flags.  Return 1 if so and 0 if not.
** Also, implement the pragma.
*/
static int flagPragma(Parse *pParse, const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  static const struct sPragmaType {
    const char *zName;  /* Name of the pragma */
    int mask;           /* Mask for the db->flags value */
  } aPragma[] = {
    { "full_column_names",        SQLITE_FullColNames  },
    { "short_column_names",       SQLITE_ShortColNames },
    { "count_changes",            SQLITE_CountRows     },
    { "empty_result_callbacks",   SQLITE_NullCallback  },
    { "legacy_file_format",       SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
    { "fullfsync",                SQLITE_FullFSync     },
    { "checkpoint_fullfsync",     SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },
    { "cache_spill",              SQLITE_CacheSpill    },
    { "reverse_unordered_selects", SQLITE_ReverseOrder  },
    { "query_only",               SQLITE_QueryOnly     },
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
    { "vdbe_addoptrace",          SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace},
    { "vdbe_debug",    SQLITE_SqlTrace | SQLITE_VdbeListing
                               | SQLITE_VdbeTrace      },
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

    /* TODO: Maybe it shouldn't be possible to change the ReadUncommitted
    ** flag if there are any active statements. */
    { "read_uncommitted",         SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
    { "recursive_triggers",       SQLITE_RecTriggers   },

    /* This flag may only be set if both foreign-key and trigger support
    ** are present in the build.  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    { "foreign_keys",             SQLITE_ForeignKeys   },
    { "defer_foreign_keys",       SQLITE_DeferFKs      },
#endif
  };
  int i;
  const struct sPragmaType *p;
  for(i=0, p=aPragma; i<ArraySize(aPragma); i++, p++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, p->zName)==0 ){
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      Vdbe *v;
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      assert( v!=0 );  /* Already allocated by sqlite3Pragma() */
      if( ALWAYS(v) ){
        if( zRight==0 ){
          returnSingleInt(pParse, p->zName, (db->flags & p->mask)!=0 );
        }else{
          int mask = p->mask;          /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
          if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
            /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
            ** in auto-commit mode.  */
            mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
          }

          if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
            db->flags |= mask;
          }else{
            db->flags &= ~mask;
            if( mask==SQLITE_DeferFKs ) db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          }

          /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
          ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
          ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
          */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
        }
      }

      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

/*
** Return a human-readable name for a constraint resolution action.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static const char *actionName(u8 action){
  const char *zName;
  switch( action ){
................................................................................
  Token *pValue,      /* Token for <value>, or NULL */
  int minusFlag       /* True if a '-' sign preceded <value> */
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */


  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }


  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    pParse->nErr++;
    pParse->rc = rc;












  }else

                            
 










#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current persistent setting for the
  ** page cache size.  The value returned is the maximum number of
................................................................................
  **
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"default_cache_size")==0 ){
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 1);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS && !SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** database page size in bytes.  The second form sets the
  ** database page size value.  The value can only be set if
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_size")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
................................................................................
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete=ON/OFF
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** secure_delete flag.  The second form changes the secure_delete
  ** flag setting and reports thenew value.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"secure_delete")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    int b = -1;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( zRight ){
      b = sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0);
    }
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
................................................................................
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** maximum number of pages in the database file.  The 
................................................................................
  ** change.  The only purpose is to provide an easy way to test
  ** the sqlite3AbsInt32() function.
  **
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_count
  **
  ** Return the number of pages in the specified database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_count")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"max_page_count")==0
  ){
    int iReg;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, 
                        sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight)));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode = (normal|exclusive)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"locking_mode")==0 ){
    const char *zRet = "normal";
    int eMode = getLockingMode(zRight);

    if( pId2->n==0 && eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY ){
      /* Simple "PRAGMA locking_mode;" statement. This is a query for
      ** the current default locking mode (which may be different to
      ** the locking-mode of the main database).
................................................................................
        }
        db->dfltLockMode = (u8)eMode;
      }
      pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      eMode = sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, eMode);
    }


    assert(eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL||eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_mode")==0 ){
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    /* Force the schema to be loaded on all databases.  This causes all
    ** database files to be opened and the journal_modes set.  This is
    ** necessary because subsequent processing must know if the databases
    ** are in WAL mode. */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
................................................................................
    for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
      if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, ii);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_JournalMode, ii, 1, eMode);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit=N
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_size_limit")==0 ){
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
  }else


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum=N
  **
  ** Get or set the value of the database 'auto-vacuum' parameter.
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"auto_vacuum")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( !zRight ){
      int auto_vacuum;
      if( ALWAYS(pBt) ){
         auto_vacuum = sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt);
      }else{
         auto_vacuum = SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM;
      }
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", auto_vacuum);
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;
      if( ALWAYS(eAuto>=0) ){
        /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
        ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
        ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
        ** as an auto-vacuum capable db.
        */
        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
          /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
          ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
          ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
          ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
          */
          static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
            { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
            { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
            { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
            { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
            { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
            { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
          };
          int iAddr;
          iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        }
      }

    }
  }else
#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]incremental_vacuum(N)
  **
  ** Do N steps of incremental vacuuming on a database.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"incremental_vacuum")==0 ){
    int iLimit, addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }else

#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size=N
  **
................................................................................
  ** The first form reports the current local setting for the
  ** page cache size. The second form sets the local
  ** page cache size value.  If N is positive then that is the
  ** number of pages in the cache.  If N is negative, then the
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"cache_size")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]mmap_size(N)
  **
  ** Used to set mapping size limit. The mapping size limit is
  ** used to limit the aggregate size of all memory mapped regions of the
  ** database file. If this parameter is set to zero, then memory mapping
................................................................................
  ** limit determined by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE) is set.
  ** The parameter N is measured in bytes.
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"mmap_size")==0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
................................................................................
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the default
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store_directory flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else


#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  /*
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the data_store_directory flag.  Changing
................................................................................
  ** were specified with a relative pathname.  Setting to a null string reverts
  ** to the default database directory, which for database files specified with
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "data_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_data_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_data_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif
#endif

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  /*
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file = ":auto:"|"lock_file_path"
   **
   ** Return or set the value of the lock_proxy_file flag.  Changing
   ** the value sets a specific file to be used for database access locks.
   **
   */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_proxy_file")==0 ){

    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
................................................................................
                                     NULL);
      }
      if( res!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "failed to set lock proxy file");
        goto pragma_out;
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */      
    
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous=OFF|ON|NORMAL|FULL
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"synchronous")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;
        setAllPagerFlags(db);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  if( flagPragma(pParse, zLeft, zRight) ){
    setAllPagerFlags(db);



  }else























#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
  ** Return a single row for each column of the named table. The columns of
................................................................................
  **
  ** cid:        Column id (numbered from left to right, starting at 0)
  ** name:       Column name
  ** type:       Column declaration type.
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
................................................................................
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_list")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);


        while(pIdx){





          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);


          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
          ++i;
          pIdx = pIdx->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }else


  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "database_list")==0 ){

    int i;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
................................................................................
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "collation_list")==0 ){



    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_list")==0 && zRight ){
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_check")==0 ){
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
................................................................................
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */

    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif

  /* Reinstall the LIKE and GLOB functions.  The variant of LIKE
  ** used will be case sensitive or not depending on the RHS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "case_sensitive_like")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(db, sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0));
    }
  }else


#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "integrity_check")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "quick_check")==0 
  ){
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
................................................................................
    ** to -1 here, to indicate that the VDBE should verify the integrity
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
  **   PRAGMA encoding = "utf-8"|"utf-16"|"utf-16le"|"utf-16be"
  **
................................................................................
  ** the main database has not been initialized and/or created when ATTACH
  ** is executed, this is done before the ATTACH operation.
  **
  ** In the second form this pragma sets the text encoding to be used in
  ** new database files created using this database handle. It is only
  ** useful if invoked immediately after the main database i
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "encoding")==0 ){
    static const struct EncName {
      char *zName;
      u8 enc;
    } encnames[] = {
      { "UTF8",     SQLITE_UTF8        },
      { "UTF-8",    SQLITE_UTF8        },  /* Must be element [1] */
      { "UTF-16le", SQLITE_UTF16LE     },  /* Must be element [2] */
................................................................................
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version = <integer>
  **
................................................................................
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "schema_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "user_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "freelist_count")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "application_id")==0 
  ){
    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
................................................................................
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA compile_options
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "compile_options")==0 ){
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_checkpoint")==0 ){
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = N
  **
  ** Configure a database connection to automatically checkpoint a database
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_autocheckpoint")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }else

#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA shrink_memory
  **
  ** This pragma attempts to free as much memory as possible from the
  ** current database connection.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "shrink_memory")==0 ){
    sqlite3_db_release_memory(db);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, N).  Return the current timeout value
  ** if one is set.  If no busy handler or a different busy handler is set
  ** then 0 is returned.  Setting the busy_timeout to 0 or negative
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "busy_timeout")==0 ){

    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
  }else


















#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_status")==0 ){
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }


  }else
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "key")==0 && zRight ){
    sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "rekey")==0 && zRight ){


    sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( zRight && (sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexkey")==0 ||
                 sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexrekey")==0) ){




    int i, h1, h2;
    char zKey[40];
    for(i=0; (h1 = zRight[i])!=0 && (h2 = zRight[i+1])!=0; i+=2){
      h1 += 9*(1&(h1>>6));
      h2 += 9*(1&(h2>>6));
      zKey[i/2] = (h2 & 0x0f) | ((h1 & 0xf)<<4);


    }
    if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
      sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else



#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_cerod(&zRight[6]);
    }
#endif
  }else


#endif

 
  {/* Empty ELSE clause */}

pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif
#endif

/***************************************************************************
** The next block of code, including the PragTyp_XXXX macro definitions and
** the aPragmaName[] object is composed of generated code. DO NOT EDIT.
**
** To add new pragmas, edit the code in ../tool/mkpragmatab.tcl and rerun
** that script.  Then copy/paste the output in place of the following:
*/
#define PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE                   0
#define PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM                    1
#define PragTyp_FLAG                           2
#define PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT                   3
#define PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE                     4
#define PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE            5
#define PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST                 6
#define PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS                7
#define PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY           8
#define PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST                  9
#define PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE            10
#define PragTyp_ENCODING                      11
#define PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK             12
#define PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST              13
#define PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM            14
#define PragTyp_INDEX_INFO                    15
#define PragTyp_INDEX_LIST                    16
#define PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK               17
#define PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE                  18
#define PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT            19
#define PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE               20
#define PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE                  21
#define PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT                    22
#define PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE                     23
#define PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE                     24
#define PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE                 25
#define PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY                 26
#define PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT               27
#define PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS                   28
#define PragTyp_TABLE_INFO                    29
#define PragTyp_TEMP_STORE                    30
#define PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY          31
#define PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT            32
#define PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT                33
#define PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS           34
#define PragTyp_HEXKEY                        35
#define PragTyp_KEY                           36
#define PragTyp_REKEY                         37
#define PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS                   38
#define PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE                  39
#define PragFlag_NeedSchema           0x01
static const struct sPragmaNames {
  const char *const zName;  /* Name of pragma */
  u8 ePragTyp;              /* PragTyp_XXX value */
  u8 mPragFlag;             /* Zero or more PragFlag_XXX values */
  u32 iArg;                 /* Extra argument */
} aPragmaNames[] = {
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  { /* zName:     */ "activate_extensions",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "application_id",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "auto_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX)
  { /* zName:     */ "automatic_index",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_AutoIndex },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "busy_timeout",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "cache_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "cache_spill",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CacheSpill },
  { /* zName:     */ "case_sensitive_like",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "checkpoint_fullfsync",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "collation_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS)
  { /* zName:     */ "compile_options",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "count_changes",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CountRows },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_OS_WIN
  { /* zName:     */ "data_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "database_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  { /* zName:     */ "default_cache_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "defer_foreign_keys",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_DeferFKs },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "empty_result_callbacks",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_NullCallback },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16)
  { /* zName:     */ "encoding",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_ENCODING,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_key_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_key_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_keys",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ForeignKeys },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "freelist_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "full_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "fullfsync",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullFSync },
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "hexkey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEXKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "hexrekey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEXKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "ignore_check_constraints",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_IgnoreChecks },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "incremental_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "index_info",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INDEX_INFO,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "index_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INDEX_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "integrity_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "journal_mode",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "journal_size_limit",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "key",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_KEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "legacy_file_format",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { /* zName:     */ "lock_proxy_file",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  { /* zName:     */ "lock_status",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "locking_mode",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "max_page_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "mmap_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "page_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "page_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "parser_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "query_only",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_QueryOnly },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "quick_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "read_uncommitted",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
  { /* zName:     */ "recursive_triggers",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_RecTriggers },
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "rekey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_REKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "reverse_unordered_selects",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReverseOrder },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "schema_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "secure_delete",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "short_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ShortColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "shrink_memory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "soft_heap_limit",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "sql_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "synchronous",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "table_info",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TABLE_INFO,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "temp_store",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TEMP_STORE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "temp_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "user_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_addoptrace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_debug",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_listing",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeListing },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeTrace },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { /* zName:     */ "wal_autocheckpoint",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "wal_checkpoint",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
};
/* Number of pragmas: 55 on by default, 67 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
................................................................................
  }
}
#else
# define setAllPagerFlags(X)  /* no-op */
#endif





























































































/*
** Return a human-readable name for a constraint resolution action.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static const char *actionName(u8 action){
  const char *zName;
  switch( action ){
................................................................................
  Token *pValue,      /* Token for <value>, or NULL */
  int minusFlag       /* True if a '-' sign preceded <value> */
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */

  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  int lwr, upr, mid;           /* Binary search bounds */
  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    goto pragma_out;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    pParse->nErr++;
    pParse->rc = rc;
    goto pragma_out;
  }

  /* Locate the pragma in the lookup table */
  lwr = 0;
  upr = ArraySize(aPragmaNames)-1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    rc = sqlite3_stricmp(zLeft, aPragmaNames[mid].zName);
    if( rc==0 ) break;
    if( rc<0 ){
      upr = mid - 1;
    }else{
      lwr = mid + 1;
    }
  }
  if( lwr>upr ) goto pragma_out;

  /* Make sure the database schema is loaded if the pragma requires that */
  if( (aPragmaNames[mid].mPragFlag & PragFlag_NeedSchema)!=0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
  }

  /* Jump to the appropriate pragma handler */
  switch( aPragmaNames[mid].ePragTyp ){
  
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current persistent setting for the
  ** page cache size.  The value returned is the maximum number of
................................................................................
  **
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;

    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 1);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS && !SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** database page size in bytes.  The second form sets the
  ** database page size value.  The value can only be set if
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
................................................................................
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete=ON/OFF
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** secure_delete flag.  The second form changes the secure_delete
  ** flag setting and reports thenew value.
  */
  case PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    int b = -1;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( zRight ){
      b = sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0);
    }
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
................................................................................
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** maximum number of pages in the database file.  The 
................................................................................
  ** change.  The only purpose is to provide an easy way to test
  ** the sqlite3AbsInt32() function.
  **
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_count
  **
  ** Return the number of pages in the specified database.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT: {


    int iReg;

    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, 
                        sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight)));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode = (normal|exclusive)
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE: {
    const char *zRet = "normal";
    int eMode = getLockingMode(zRight);

    if( pId2->n==0 && eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY ){
      /* Simple "PRAGMA locking_mode;" statement. This is a query for
      ** the current default locking mode (which may be different to
      ** the locking-mode of the main database).
................................................................................
        }
        db->dfltLockMode = (u8)eMode;
      }
      pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      eMode = sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, eMode);
    }

    assert( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL
            || eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE: {
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */









    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
................................................................................
    for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
      if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, ii);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_JournalMode, ii, 1, eMode);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit=N
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT: {
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum=N
  **
  ** Get or set the value of the database 'auto-vacuum' parameter.
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  case PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );



    if( !zRight ){






      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt));
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;

      /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
      ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
      ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
      ** as an auto-vacuum capable db.
      */
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */
        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
        };
        int iAddr;
        iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
      }
    }
    break;
  }

#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]incremental_vacuum(N)
  **
  ** Do N steps of incremental vacuuming on a database.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  case PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM: {
    int iLimit, addr;



    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size=N
  **
................................................................................
  ** The first form reports the current local setting for the
  ** page cache size. The second form sets the local
  ** page cache size value.  If N is positive then that is the
  ** number of pages in the cache.  If N is negative, then the
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  case PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE: {

    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]mmap_size(N)
  **
  ** Used to set mapping size limit. The mapping size limit is
  ** used to limit the aggregate size of all memory mapped regions of the
  ** database file. If this parameter is set to zero, then memory mapping
................................................................................
  ** limit determined by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE) is set.
  ** The parameter N is measured in bytes.
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  case PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE: {
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
................................................................................
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the default
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store_directory flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
    break;
  }

#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  /*
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the data_store_directory flag.  Changing
................................................................................
  ** were specified with a relative pathname.  Setting to a null string reverts
  ** to the default database directory, which for database files specified with
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_data_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_data_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
    break;

  }






#endif

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
  **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file = ":auto:"|"lock_file_path"
  **
  ** Return or set the value of the lock_proxy_file flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific file to be used for database access locks.
  **
  */

  case PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
................................................................................
                                     NULL);
      }
      if( res!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "failed to set lock proxy file");
        goto pragma_out;
      }
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */      
    
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous=OFF|ON|NORMAL|FULL
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  case PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS: {

    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;
        setAllPagerFlags(db);
      }
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS

  case PragTyp_FLAG: {
    if( zRight==0 ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, aPragmaNames[mid].zName,
                     (db->flags & aPragmaNames[mid].iArg)!=0 );
    }else{
      int mask = aPragmaNames[mid].iArg;    /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
      if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
        /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
        ** in auto-commit mode.  */
        mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
      }

      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        db->flags |= mask;
      }else{
        db->flags &= ~mask;
        if( mask==SQLITE_DeferFKs ) db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
      }

      /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
      ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
      ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
      setAllPagerFlags(db);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
  ** Return a single row for each column of the named table. The columns of
................................................................................
  **
  ** cid:        Column id (numbered from left to right, starting at 0)
  ** name:       Column name
  ** type:       Column declaration type.
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
................................................................................
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;

    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_LIST: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;

    int i;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);



      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
      pParse->nMem = 4;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "avgrowsize", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, 3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow), 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=1; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                             (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow), 4);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);


      }
    }
  }

  break;


  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {
    int i;

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
................................................................................
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST: {
    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  case PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST: if( zRight ){
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  case PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK: {
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
................................................................................
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */


    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  case PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE: {
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif

  /* Reinstall the LIKE and GLOB functions.  The variant of LIKE
  ** used will be case sensitive or not depending on the RHS.
  */
  case PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(db, sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0));
    }
  }
  break;

#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {


    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
................................................................................
    ** to -1 here, to indicate that the VDBE should verify the integrity
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */

    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
  **   PRAGMA encoding = "utf-8"|"utf-16"|"utf-16le"|"utf-16be"
  **
................................................................................
  ** the main database has not been initialized and/or created when ATTACH
  ** is executed, this is done before the ATTACH operation.
  **
  ** In the second form this pragma sets the text encoding to be used in
  ** new database files created using this database handle. It is only
  ** useful if invoked immediately after the main database i
  */
  case PragTyp_ENCODING: {
    static const struct EncName {
      char *zName;
      u8 enc;
    } encnames[] = {
      { "UTF8",     SQLITE_UTF8        },
      { "UTF-8",    SQLITE_UTF8        },  /* Must be element [1] */
      { "UTF-16le", SQLITE_UTF16LE     },  /* Must be element [2] */
................................................................................
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version = <integer>
  **
................................................................................
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  case PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE: {




    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
................................................................................
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA compile_options
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  case PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS: {
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }
  break;

  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = N
  **
  ** Configure a database connection to automatically checkpoint a database
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }
  break;
#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA shrink_memory
  **
  ** This pragma attempts to free as much memory as possible from the
  ** current database connection.
  */
  case PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY: {
    sqlite3_db_release_memory(db);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, N).  Return the current timeout value
  ** if one is set.  If no busy handler or a different busy handler is set
  ** then 0 is returned.  Setting the busy_timeout to 0 or negative
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  /*case PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT*/ default: {
    assert( aPragmaNames[mid].ePragTyp==PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT );
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N).  Return the result.  If N is omitted,
  ** use -1.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &N, 1000000, SQLITE_UTF8)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS: {
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
    break;
  }

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  case PragTyp_KEY: {
    if( zRight ) sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
    break;

  }
  case PragTyp_REKEY: {
    if( zRight ) sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));

    break;

  }
  case PragTyp_HEXKEY: {
    if( zRight ){
      u8 iByte;
      int i;
      char zKey[40];



      for(i=0, iByte=0; i<sizeof(zKey)*2 && sqlite3Isxdigit(zRight[i]); i++){
        iByte = (iByte<<4) + sqlite3HexToInt(zRight[i]);
        if( (i&1)!=0 ) zKey[i/2] = iByte;
      }
      if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
        sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
      }else{
        sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
      }

    }
    break;
  }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)

  case PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS: if( zRight ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_cerod(&zRight[6]);
    }
#endif

  }
  break;
#endif


  } /* End of the PRAGMA switch */

pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */

Changes to src/resolve.c.

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  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;

    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags2 |= EP2_MallocedToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif















/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;













      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",







>







 







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  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    ExprSetProperty(pDup, EP_Skip);
    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags |= EP_MemToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
** value between 1.0 and 0.0.
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*1000.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;
        if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely|EP_Skip);
          if( n==2 ){
            pExpr->iTable = exprProbability(pList->a[1].pExpr);
            if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
              sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "second argument to likelihood() must be a "
                                      "constant between 0.0 and 1.0");
              pNC->nErr++;
            }
          }else{
            pExpr->iTable = 62;  /* TUNING:  Default 2nd arg to unlikely() is 0.0625 */
          }             
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",

Changes to src/select.c.

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  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(pEq);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
}

/*
** Set the EP_FromJoin property on all terms of the given expression.
................................................................................
** defer the handling of t1.x=5, it will be processed immediately
** after the t1 loop and rows with t1.x!=5 will never appear in
** the output, which is incorrect.
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(p);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.



**
** The declaration type is the exact datatype definition extracted from the
** original CREATE TABLE statement if the expression is a column. The
** declaration type for a ROWID field is INTEGER. Exactly when an expression
** is considered a column can be complex in the presence of subqueries. The
** result-set expression in all of the following SELECT statements is 
** considered a column by this function.
................................................................................
**
**   SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl);
**   SELECT abc FROM (SELECT col AS abc FROM tbl);
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.



*/


static const char *columnType(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOriginDb,
  const char **pzOriginTab,
  const char **pzOriginCol

){
  char const *zType = 0;
  char const *zOriginDb = 0;
  char const *zOriginTab = 0;








  char const *zOriginCol = 0;
  int j;
  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;



  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pTab->pSchema) ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOriginCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          zOriginCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;

        }
        zOriginTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOriginDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
        }








      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* The expression is a sub-select. Return the declaration type and
      ** origin info for the single column in the result set of the SELECT
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  

  if( pzOriginDb ){
    assert( pzOriginTab && pzOriginCol );
    *pzOriginDb = zOriginDb;
    *pzOriginTab = zOriginTab;
    *pzOriginCol = zOriginCol;
  }


  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE */
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the names of columns
** in the result set.  This information is used to provide the
** azCol[] values in the callback.
*/
................................................................................
** routine goes through and adds the types and collations.
**
** This routine requires that all identifiers in the SELECT
** statement be resolved.
*/
static void selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing contexts */
  int nCol,             /* Number of columns */
  Column *aCol,         /* List of columns */
  Select *pSelect       /* SELECT used to determine types and collations */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;


  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0));

    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }

}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}
................................................................................
  pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  assert( pTab && !pTab->pSelect && pExpr );

  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(pAggInfo->nFunc==0) ) return 0;
  if( (pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pFunc->flags&SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT)==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->flags&EP_Distinct ) return 0;

  return pTab;
}

/*
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_subquery_%p_", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        assert( pSel );
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSel);
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif

................................................................................
      regAgg = 0;
    }
    if( pF->iDistinct>=0 ){
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      assert( nArg==1 );
      codeDistinct(pParse, pF->iDistinct, addrNext, 1, regAgg);
    }
    if( pF->pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      int j;
      assert( pList!=0 );  /* pList!=0 if pF->pFunc has NEEDCOLL */
      for(j=0, pItem=pList->a; !pColl && j<nArg; j++, pItem++){
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      }
................................................................................
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;               /* Keyinfo for scanned index */
        Index *pBest = 0;                    /* Best index found so far */
        int iRoot = pTab->tnum;              /* Root page of scanned b-tree */

        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

        /* Search for the index that has the least amount of columns. If
        ** there is such an index, and it has less columns than the table
        ** does, then we can assume that it consumes less space on disk and
        ** will therefore be cheaper to scan to determine the query result.
        ** In this case set iRoot to the root page number of the index b-tree
        ** and pKeyInfo to the KeyInfo structure required to navigate the
        ** index.
        **
        ** (2011-04-15) Do not do a full scan of an unordered index.


        **
        ** In practice the KeyInfo structure will not be used. It is only 
        ** passed to keep OP_OpenRead happy.
        */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          if( pIdx->bUnordered==0 && (!pBest || pIdx->nColumn<pBest->nColumn) ){




            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest && pBest->nColumn<pTab->nCol ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){







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  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
}

/*
** Set the EP_FromJoin property on all terms of the given expression.
................................................................................
** defer the handling of t1.x=5, it will be processed immediately
** after the t1 loop and rows with t1.x!=5 will never appear in
** the output, which is incorrect.
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(p, EP_NoReduce);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.
**
** Also try to estimate the size of the returned value and return that
** result in *pEstWidth.
**
** The declaration type is the exact datatype definition extracted from the
** original CREATE TABLE statement if the expression is a column. The
** declaration type for a ROWID field is INTEGER. Exactly when an expression
** is considered a column can be complex in the presence of subqueries. The
** result-set expression in all of the following SELECT statements is 
** considered a column by this function.
................................................................................
**
**   SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl);
**   SELECT abc FROM (SELECT col AS abc FROM tbl);
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;

  u8 estWidth = 1;

  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pTab->pSchema) ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
        }
#else
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* The expression is a sub-select. Return the declaration type and
      ** origin info for the single column in the result set of the SELECT
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif
  if( pEstWidth ) *pEstWidth = estWidth;
  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, 0);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the names of columns
** in the result set.  This information is used to provide the
** azCol[] values in the callback.
*/
................................................................................
** routine goes through and adds the types and collations.
**
** This routine requires that all identifiers in the SELECT
** statement be resolved.
*/
static void selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing contexts */
  Table *pTab,          /* Add column type information to this table */

  Select *pSelect       /* SELECT used to determine types and collations */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;
  u64 szAll = 0;

  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p,0,0,0, &pCol->szEst));
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}
................................................................................
  pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  assert( pTab && !pTab->pSelect && pExpr );

  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(pAggInfo->nFunc==0) ) return 0;
  if( (pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pFunc->funcFlags&SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT)==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->flags&EP_Distinct ) return 0;

  return pTab;
}

/*
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        assert( pSel );
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif

................................................................................
      regAgg = 0;
    }
    if( pF->iDistinct>=0 ){
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      assert( nArg==1 );
      codeDistinct(pParse, pF->iDistinct, addrNext, 1, regAgg);
    }
    if( pF->pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      int j;
      assert( pList!=0 );  /* pList!=0 if pF->pFunc has NEEDCOLL */
      for(j=0, pItem=pList->a; !pColl && j<nArg; j++, pItem++){
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      }
................................................................................
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;               /* Keyinfo for scanned index */
        Index *pBest = 0;                    /* Best index found so far */
        int iRoot = pTab->tnum;              /* Root page of scanned b-tree */

        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

        /* Search for the index that has the lowest scan cost.






        **
        ** (2011-04-15) Do not do a full scan of an unordered index.
        **
        ** (2013-10-03) Do not count the entires in a partial index.
        **
        ** In practice the KeyInfo structure will not be used. It is only 
        ** passed to keep OP_OpenRead happy.
        */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          if( pIdx->bUnordered==0
           && pIdx->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow
           && pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0
           && (!pBest || pIdx->szIdxRow<pBest->szIdxRow)
          ){
            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){

Changes to src/shell.c.

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  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
  while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( zFirstRow ){
      fprintf(p->out, "%s", zFirstRow);
................................................................................
      fprintf(p->out, ";\n");
    }    
    rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    p->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate space and save off current error string.
*/
................................................................................
          void *pData = sqlite3_malloc(3*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
          if( !pData ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }else{
            char **azCols = (char **)pData;      /* Names of result columns */
            char **azVals = &azCols[nCol];       /* Results */
            int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
            int i;
            assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *)); 
            /* save off ptrs to column names */
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){




                azVals[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                aiTypes[i] = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);

                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
                  break; /* from for */
                }
              } /* end for */

              /* if data and types extracted successfully... */







|







 







|







 







|








>
>
>
>
|
<
>







970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
...
997
998
999
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1002
1003
1004
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1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
....
1190
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1206
1207
1208
1209
1210

1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
  while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( zFirstRow ){
      fprintf(p->out, "%s", zFirstRow);
................................................................................
      fprintf(p->out, ";\n");
    }    
    rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate space and save off current error string.
*/
................................................................................
          void *pData = sqlite3_malloc(3*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
          if( !pData ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }else{
            char **azCols = (char **)pData;      /* Names of result columns */
            char **azVals = &azCols[nCol];       /* Results */
            int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
            int i, x;
            assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *)); 
            /* save off ptrs to column names */
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                aiTypes[i] = x = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( x==SQLITE_BLOB && pArg->mode==MODE_Insert ){
                  azVals[i] = "";
                }else{
                  azVals[i] = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);

                }
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
                  break; /* from for */
                }
              } /* end for */

              /* if data and types extracted successfully... */

Changes to src/sqlite3.rc.

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20




21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
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47
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49
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51
52
53
54
55
..
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
** This file contains code and resources that are specific to Windows.
*/

#if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "winresrc.h"
#else
#include "windows.h"
#endif





#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "sqlite3rc.h"

/*
 * English (U.S.) resources
 */

#ifdef _WIN32
LANGUAGE LANG_ENGLISH, SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US
#pragma code_page(1252)
#endif /* _WIN32 */

/*
 * Version
 */

VS_VERSION_INFO VERSIONINFO
  FILEVERSION SQLITE_RESOURCE_VERSION
  PRODUCTVERSION SQLITE_RESOURCE_VERSION
  FILEFLAGSMASK 0x3F
#if defined(_DEBUG)
  FILEFLAGS 0x1L
#else
  FILEFLAGS 0x0L
#endif
  FILEOS VOS__WINDOWS32
  FILETYPE VFT_APP
  FILESUBTYPE VFT2_UNKNOWN
BEGIN
  BLOCK "StringFileInfo"
  BEGIN
    BLOCK "040904b0"
    BEGIN
      VALUE "CompanyName", "SQLite Development Team"
................................................................................
      VALUE "ProductName", "SQLite"
      VALUE "ProductVersion", SQLITE_VERSION
      VALUE "SourceId", SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
    END
  END
  BLOCK "VarFileInfo"
  BEGIN
    VALUE "Translation", 0x409, 1200
  END
END







|
>
>
>
>








|


|








|

|

|
|

|







 







|


13
14
15
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58
59
..
64
65
66
67
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71
72
73
** This file contains code and resources that are specific to Windows.
*/

#if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#include "winresrc.h"
#else
#include "windows.h"
#endif /* !defined(_WIN32_WCE) */

#if !defined(VS_FF_NONE)
#  define VS_FF_NONE            0x00000000L
#endif /* !defined(VS_FF_NONE) */

#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "sqlite3rc.h"

/*
 * English (U.S.) resources
 */

#if defined(_WIN32)
LANGUAGE LANG_ENGLISH, SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US
#pragma code_page(1252)
#endif /* defined(_WIN32) */

/*
 * Version
 */

VS_VERSION_INFO VERSIONINFO
  FILEVERSION SQLITE_RESOURCE_VERSION
  PRODUCTVERSION SQLITE_RESOURCE_VERSION
  FILEFLAGSMASK VS_FFI_FILEFLAGSMASK
#if defined(_DEBUG)
  FILEFLAGS VS_FF_DEBUG
#else
  FILEFLAGS VS_FF_NONE
#endif /* defined(_DEBUG) */
  FILEOS VOS__WINDOWS32
  FILETYPE VFT_DLL
  FILESUBTYPE VFT2_UNKNOWN
BEGIN
  BLOCK "StringFileInfo"
  BEGIN
    BLOCK "040904b0"
    BEGIN
      VALUE "CompanyName", "SQLite Development Team"
................................................................................
      VALUE "ProductName", "SQLite"
      VALUE "ProductVersion", SQLITE_VERSION
      VALUE "SourceId", SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
    END
  END
  BLOCK "VarFileInfo"
  BEGIN
    VALUE "Translation", 0x409, 0x4b0
  END
END

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

466
467
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469
470
471
472

























473
474
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479
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....
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433

2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
....
2965
2966
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2973
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2984
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*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif


























/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
  int (*xWalCallback)(void *, sqlite3 *, const char *, int);
  void *pWalArg;
#endif
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*);
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*);
  void *pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_value *pErr;          /* Most recent error message */
  char *zErrMsg;                /* Most recent error message (UTF-8 encoded) */
  char *zErrMsg16;              /* Most recent error message (UTF-16 encoded) */
  union {
    volatile int isInterrupted; /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
    double notUsed1;            /* Spacer */
  } u1;
  Lookaside lookaside;          /* Lookaside malloc configuration */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** Each SQL function is defined by an instance of the following
** structure.  A pointer to this structure is stored in the sqlite.aFunc
** hash table.  When multiple functions have the same name, the hash table
** points to a linked list of these structures.
*/
struct FuncDef {
  i16 nArg;            /* Number of arguments.  -1 means unlimited */
  u8 iPrefEnc;         /* Preferred text encoding (SQLITE_UTF8, 16LE, 16BE) */
  u8 flags;            /* Some combination of SQLITE_FUNC_* */
  void *pUserData;     /* User data parameter */
  FuncDef *pNext;      /* Next function with same name */
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Regular function */
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Aggregate step */
  void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*);                /* Aggregate finalizer */
  char *zName;         /* SQL name of the function. */
  FuncDef *pHash;      /* Next with a different name but the same hash */
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/

#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x01 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x02 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x04 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x08 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x10 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x20 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x40 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x80 /* Built-in typeof() function */




/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     that accepts nArg arguments and is implemented by a call to C 
**     function likeFunc. Argument pArg is cast to a (void *) and made
**     available as the function user-data (sqlite3_user_data()). The
**     FuncDef.flags variable is set to the value passed as the flags
**     parameter.
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, (bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, (bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, flags, (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}

/*
** All current savepoints are stored in a linked list starting at
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */

  u16 colFlags;    /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */

  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  99  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */

  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u16 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* Function arguments or in "<expr> IN (<expr-list)" */
    Select *pSelect;     /* Used for sub-selects and "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old */

  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 flags2;             /* Second set of flags.  EP2_... */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin   0x0001  /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg        0x0002  /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved   0x0004  /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error      0x0008  /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct   0x0010  /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect  0x0020  /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted  0x0040  /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc  0x0080  /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate    0x0100  /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0200  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0400  /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x0800  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Hint       0x1000  /* Not used */
#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x8000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
*/
#define EP2_MallocedToken  0x0001  /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP2_Irreducible    0x0002  /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */

/*
** The pseudo-routine sqlite3ExprSetIrreducible sets the EP2_Irreducible
** flag on an expression structure.  This flag is used for VV&A only.  The
** routine is implemented as a macro that only works when in debugging mode,
** so as not to burden production code.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)  (X)->flags2 |= EP2_Irreducible
#else
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)
#endif

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */

  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
int sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);







/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);

int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is 
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  void sqlite3FkCheck(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
  void sqlite3FkDropTable(Parse*, SrcList *, Table*);
  void sqlite3FkActions(Parse*, Table*, ExprList*, int);
  int sqlite3FkRequired(Parse*, Table*, int*, int);
  u32 sqlite3FkOldmask(Parse*, Table*);
  FKey *sqlite3FkReferences(Table *);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
  int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)







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*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantatites are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithimic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
**
** The LogEst can be negative to indicate fractional values. 
** Examples:
**
**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
  int (*xWalCallback)(void *, sqlite3 *, const char *, int);
  void *pWalArg;
#endif
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*);
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*);
  void *pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_value *pErr;          /* Most recent error message */


  union {
    volatile int isInterrupted; /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
    double notUsed1;            /* Spacer */
  } u1;
  Lookaside lookaside;          /* Lookaside malloc configuration */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AdjustOutEst   0x1000   /* Adjust output estimates using WHERE */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** Each SQL function is defined by an instance of the following
** structure.  A pointer to this structure is stored in the sqlite.aFunc
** hash table.  When multiple functions have the same name, the hash table
** points to a linked list of these structures.
*/
struct FuncDef {
  i16 nArg;            /* Number of arguments.  -1 means unlimited */

  u16 funcFlags;       /* Some combination of SQLITE_FUNC_* */
  void *pUserData;     /* User data parameter */
  FuncDef *pNext;      /* Next function with same name */
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Regular function */
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Aggregate step */
  void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*);                /* Aggregate finalizer */
  char *zName;         /* SQL name of the function. */
  FuncDef *pHash;      /* Next with a different name but the same hash */
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */


#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */

/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     that accepts nArg arguments and is implemented by a call to C 
**     function likeFunc. Argument pArg is cast to a (void *) and made
**     available as the function user-data (sqlite3_user_data()). The
**     FuncDef.flags variable is set to the value passed as the flags
**     parameter.
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|flags, (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}

/*
** All current savepoints are stored in a linked list starting at
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of this column.  INT==1 */
  u8 colFlags;     /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  10  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u32 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT, CASE, FUNCTION, BETWEEN */
    Select *pSelect;     /* EP_xIsSelect and op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  1000 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */

  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin  0x000001 /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg       0x000002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved  0x000004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error     0x000008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct  0x000010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect 0x000020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted 0x000040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc 0x000080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate   0x000100 /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest 0x000200 /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue  0x000400 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect 0x000800 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprHasAllProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/* The ExprSetVVAProperty() macro is used for Verification, Validation,
** and Accreditation only.  It works like ExprSetProperty() during VVA
** processes but is a no-op for delivery.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)  (E)->flags|=(P)
#else
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)
#endif






/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */
  int bVarOnly;       /* Check for variable references only */
  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);
LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64);
LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst,LogEst);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double);
#endif
u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst);

/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, u8*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context*);
int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is 
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  void sqlite3FkCheck(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int);
  void sqlite3FkDropTable(Parse*, SrcList *, Table*);
  void sqlite3FkActions(Parse*, Table*, ExprList*, int, int*, int);
  int sqlite3FkRequired(Parse*, Table*, int*, int);
  u32 sqlite3FkOldmask(Parse*, Table*);
  FKey *sqlite3FkReferences(Table *);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d,e,f)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)          0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d,e,f) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
  int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)

Changes to src/tclsqlite.c.

3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
        /* Append length in bits and transform */
        ((uint32 *)ctx->in)[ 14 ] = ctx->bits[0];
        ((uint32 *)ctx->in)[ 15 ] = ctx->bits[1];

        MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *)ctx->in);
        byteReverse((unsigned char *)ctx->buf, 4);
        memcpy(digest, ctx->buf, 16);
        memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(ctx));    /* In case it is sensitive */
}

/*
** Convert a 128-bit MD5 digest into a 32-digit base-16 number.
*/
static void MD5DigestToBase16(unsigned char *digest, char *zBuf){
  static char const zEncode[] = "0123456789abcdef";







<







3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525

3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
        /* Append length in bits and transform */
        ((uint32 *)ctx->in)[ 14 ] = ctx->bits[0];
        ((uint32 *)ctx->in)[ 15 ] = ctx->bits[1];

        MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *)ctx->in);
        byteReverse((unsigned char *)ctx->buf, 4);
        memcpy(digest, ctx->buf, 16);

}

/*
** Convert a 128-bit MD5 digest into a 32-digit base-16 number.
*/
static void MD5DigestToBase16(unsigned char *digest, char *zBuf){
  static char const zEncode[] = "0123456789abcdef";

Changes to src/test8.c.

261
262
263
264
265
266
267

268
269
270
271
272
273
274

  /* For each index, figure out the left-most column and set the 
  ** corresponding entry in aIndex[] to 1.
  */
  while( pStmt && sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zIdx = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt2 = 0;

    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_info(%s)", zIdx);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto get_index_array_out;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt2, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);







>







261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275

  /* For each index, figure out the left-most column and set the 
  ** corresponding entry in aIndex[] to 1.
  */
  while( pStmt && sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zIdx = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt2 = 0;
    if( zIdx==0 ) continue;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_info(%s)", zIdx);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto get_index_array_out;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt2, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);

Changes to src/test_init.c.

215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]  /* Command arguments */
){
  if( objc!=1 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  memset(&wrapped, 0, sizeof(&wrapped));
  sqlite3_shutdown();
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX, &wrapped.mutex);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &wrapped.mem);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2, &wrapped.pcache);
  return TCL_OK;
}








<







215
216
217
218
219
220
221

222
223
224
225
226
227
228
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]  /* Command arguments */
){
  if( objc!=1 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }


  sqlite3_shutdown();
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX, &wrapped.mutex);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &wrapped.mem);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2, &wrapped.pcache);
  return TCL_OK;
}

Changes to src/trigger.c.

144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
...
287
288
289
290
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293
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296
297
298
299
300
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302
        && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
    iDb = 1;
  }

  /* Ensure the table name matches database name and that the table exists */
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto trigger_cleanup;
  assert( pTableName->nSrc==1 );
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", pName) && 
      sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTableName) ){
    goto trigger_cleanup;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTableName);
  if( !pTab ){
    /* The table does not exist. */
    if( db->init.iDb==1 ){
      /* Ticket #3810.
................................................................................
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->zName;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken) 
          && sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) ){


    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){







|
|







 







|
|
>
>







144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
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159
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287
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291
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293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
        && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
    iDb = 1;
  }

  /* Ensure the table name matches database name and that the table exists */
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto trigger_cleanup;
  assert( pTableName->nSrc==1 );
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTableName) ){
    goto trigger_cleanup;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTableName);
  if( !pTab ){
    /* The table does not exist. */
    if( db->init.iDb==1 ){
      /* Ticket #3810.
................................................................................
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->zName;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken);
  if( sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) 
   || sqlite3FixExpr(&sFix, pTrig->pWhen) 
  ){
    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){

Changes to src/update.c.

484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
...
511
512
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    /* Do constraint checks. */
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid,
        aRegIdx, (chngRowid?regOldRowid:0), 1, onError, addr, 0);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regOldRowid);
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, aRegIdx);

    /* If changing the rowid value, or if there are foreign key constraints
................................................................................
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regNewRowid);
    }
  
    /* Insert the new index entries and the new record. */
    sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid, aRegIdx, 1, 0, 0);

    /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
    ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
    ** to the row just updated. */ 
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);







|







 







|









|







484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
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496
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498
...
511
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    /* Do constraint checks. */
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid,
        aRegIdx, (chngRowid?regOldRowid:0), 1, onError, addr, 0);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regOldRowid);
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, aRegIdx);

    /* If changing the rowid value, or if there are foreign key constraints
................................................................................
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regNewRowid, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }
  
    /* Insert the new index entries and the new record. */
    sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid, aRegIdx, 1, 0, 0);

    /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
    ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
    ** to the row just updated. */ 
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);

Changes to src/util.c.

189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196

197
198
199
200
201
202
203
....
1203
1204
1205
1206
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1209













































































  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0; ALWAYS(z[i]); i++){

    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif




















































































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>







 







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189
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199
200
201
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204
....
1204
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1234
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  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0;; i++){
    assert( z[i] );
    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two LogEst values.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because LogEst is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst a, LogEst b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a LogEst.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64 x){
  static LogEst a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  LogEst y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double into a LogEst
** In other words, compute an approximation for 10*log2(x).
*/
LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  LogEst e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return sqlite3LogEst((u64)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Convert a LogEst into an integer.
*/
u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

Changes to src/vacuum.c.

68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82




















83
84
85
86
87
88
89
    }
  }

  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** The non-standard VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.
**
** In version 1.0.x of SQLite, the VACUUM command would call
** gdbm_reorganize() on all the database tables.  But beginning
** with 2.0.0, SQLite no longer uses GDBM so this command has
** become a no-op.




















*/
void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Vacuum, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, 0);
  }







|

|

|
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
    }
  }

  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** The VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.  The VACUUM command works as follows:
**
**   (1)  Create a new transient database file
**   (2)  Copy all content from the database being vacuumed into
**        the new transient database file
**   (3)  Copy content from the transient database back into the
**        original database.
**
** The transient database requires temporary disk space approximately
** equal to the size of the original database.  The copy operation of
** step (3) requires additional temporary disk space approximately equal
** to the size of the original database for the rollback journal.
** Hence, temporary disk space that is approximately 2x the size of the
** orginal database is required.  Every page of the database is written
** approximately 3 times:  Once for step (2) and twice for step (3).
** Two writes per page are required in step (3) because the original
** database content must be written into the rollback journal prior to
** overwriting the database with the vacuumed content.
**
** Only 1x temporary space and only 1x writes would be required if
** the copy of step (3) were replace by deleting the original database
** and renaming the transient database as the original.  But that will
** not work if other processes are attached to the original database.
** And a power loss in between deleting the original and renaming the
** transient would cause the database file to appear to be deleted
** following reboot.
*/
void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Vacuum, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, 0);
  }

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

573
574
575
576
577
578
579

580
581
582
583
584
585
586
....
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
....
5485
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
5495
5496
5497
5498
5499
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
  ** the pointer to ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
................................................................................
  ctx.s.z = 0;
  ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  ctx.s.db = db;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pColl = 0;
  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( ctx.isError ){







>







 







|







 







|







573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
....
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
....
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
5495
5496
5497
5498
5499
5500
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
  ** the pointer to ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
................................................................................
  ctx.s.z = 0;
  ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  ctx.s.db = db;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pColl = 0;
  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( ctx.isError ){

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

346
347
348
349
350
351
352

353
354
355
356
357
358
359
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif

  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */







>







346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */

Changes to src/vdbeapi.c.

505
506
507
508
509
510
511

512
513
514
515
516
517
518
...
529
530
531
532
533
534
535













536
537
538
539
540
541
542
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}














/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
...
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context *p){
  Vdbe *v = p->pVdbe;
  int rc;
  if( v->iCurrentTime==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(p->s.db->pVfs, &v->iCurrentTime);
    if( rc ) v->iCurrentTime = 0;
  }
  return v->iCurrentTime;
}

/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
....
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439

2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}

static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *, Op *, int);

/*
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif

  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.







|







 







>







601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
....
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}

static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *, Op *, int);

/*
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306


1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;



  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;
  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(pParse->db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
      *pbOk = 1;
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(pParse->db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        *pbOk = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }else{
      *pbOk = 0;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
    *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  }

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==pParse->db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.







>
>











|











|



|









<




|







1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345

1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;


  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;
  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
      *pbOk = 1;
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        *pbOk = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }else{
      *pbOk = 0;
    }
  }else{

    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
    *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  }

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.

Changes to src/vtab.c.

1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
    return pDef;
  }
  *pNew = *pDef;
  pNew->zName = (char *)&pNew[1];
  memcpy(pNew->zName, pDef->zName, sqlite3Strlen30(pDef->zName)+1);
  pNew->xFunc = xFunc;
  pNew->pUserData = pArg;
  pNew->flags |= SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM;
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Make sure virtual table pTab is contained in the pParse->apVirtualLock[]
** array so that an OP_VBegin will get generated for it.  Add pTab to the
** array if it is missing.  If pTab is already in the array, this routine







|







1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
    return pDef;
  }
  *pNew = *pDef;
  pNew->zName = (char *)&pNew[1];
  memcpy(pNew->zName, pDef->zName, sqlite3Strlen30(pDef->zName)+1);
  pNew->xFunc = xFunc;
  pNew->pUserData = pArg;
  pNew->funcFlags |= SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM;
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Make sure virtual table pTab is contained in the pParse->apVirtualLock[]
** array so that an OP_VBegin will get generated for it.  Add pTab to the
** array if it is missing.  If pTab is already in the array, this routine

Changes to src/walker.c.

39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }







|







39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }

Changes to src/where.c.

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typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;

/*
** Cost X is tracked as 10*log2(X) stored in a 16-bit integer.  The
** maximum cost for ordinary tables is 64*(2**63) which becomes 6900.
** (Virtual tables can return a larger cost, but let's assume they do not.)
** So all costs can be stored in a 16-bit unsigned integer without risk
** of overflow.
**
** Costs are estimates, so no effort is made to compute 10*log2(X) exactly.
** Instead, a close estimate is used.  Any value of X<=1 is stored as 0.
** X=2 is 10.  X=3 is 16.  X=1000 is 99. etc.
**
** The tool/wherecosttest.c source file implements a command-line program
** that will convert WhereCosts to integers, convert integers to WhereCosts
** and do addition and multiplication on WhereCost values.  The wherecosttest
** command-line program is a useful utility to have around when working with
** this module.
*/
typedef unsigned short int WhereCost;

/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
................................................................................
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */

};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
................................................................................
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  WhereCost rSetup;     /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  WhereCost rRun;       /* Cost of running each loop */
  WhereCost nOut;       /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
................................................................................

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  WhereCost rRun;     /* Cost of running this subquery */
  WhereCost nOut;     /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
................................................................................
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  WhereCost nRow;       /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  WhereCost rCost;      /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
................................................................................
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;

  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};
................................................................................
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  WhereCost nRowOut;        /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */


/* Convert a WhereCost value (10 times log2(X)) into its integer value X.
** A rough approximation is used.  The value returned is not exact.
*/
static u64 whereCostToInt(WhereCost x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return whereCostToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
................................................................................
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  WhereCost rRun,        /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  WhereCost nOut         /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];





  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two WhereCosts.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because WhereCost is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
static WhereCost whereCostAdd(WhereCost a, WhereCost b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCost(tRowcnt x){
  static WhereCost a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  WhereCost y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double (as received from xBestIndex of a virtual table)
** into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute an approximation for
** 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCostFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  WhereCost e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return whereCost((tRowcnt)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/
static WhereCost estLog(WhereCost N){
  WhereCost x = whereCost(N);


  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  UnpackedRecord *pRec,       /* Vector of values to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  int iCol = pRec->nField-1;  /* Index of required stats in anEq[] etc. */
  int iMin = 0;               /* Smallest sample not yet tested */
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */




  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
      iMin = iTest+1;
................................................................................
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
** left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the whereCost() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
................................................................................
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereCost *pnOut     /* IN/OUT: Number of rows visited */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nOut = (int)*pnOut;



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq;


  if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && p->nSample 
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff;
    if( nEq==p->nColumn ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }

    /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
    ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
    ** lower bound being the concatenation of $P and $L, where $P is the
    ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
    ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
    **
................................................................................
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;






    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    }else{
      /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
      ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
................................................................................
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;

      }
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;

      }
    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      WhereCost nNew;
      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = whereCost(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      }
      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */

  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );

  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );

  }
  if( nOut<10 ) nOut = 10;
  *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;



  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
................................................................................
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  if( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))

  ){
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    if( pTerm->iParent>=0 ){
      WhereTerm *pOther = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
      if( (--pOther->nChild)==0 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pOther);
      }
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */
  Bitmask newNotReady;      /* Return value */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;

  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin Join Loop %d", iLevel));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
................................................................................
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }
  newNotReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
................................................................................
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->eOperator!=(WO_EQUIV|WO_EQ) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & newNotReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);

  return newNotReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print a WhereLoop object for debugging purposes
*/
static void whereLoopPrint(WhereLoop *p, SrcList *pTabList){
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Transfer content from the second pLoop into the first.
*/
static int whereLoopXfer(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pTo, WhereLoop *pFrom){
  if( whereLoopResize(db, pTo, pFrom->nLTerm) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  whereLoopClearUnion(db, pTo);




  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ);
  memcpy(pTo->aLTerm, pFrom->aLTerm, pTo->nLTerm*sizeof(pTo->aLTerm[0]));
  if( pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE ){
    pFrom->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  }else if( (pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
    pFrom->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
       && (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex

      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;
      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
................................................................................
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut
     && ALWAYS(p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup) /* See SETUP-INVARIANT above */
    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */

      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pWInfo->pTabList);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}































/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.
**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
  Index *pProbe,                  /* An index on pSrc */
  WhereCost nInMul                /* log(Number of iterations due to IN) */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;  /* WHERE analyse context */
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;        /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  WhereCost saved_nOut;           /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  WhereCost nRowEst;              /* Estimated index selectivity */
  WhereCost rLogSize;             /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = whereCost(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
................................................................................
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
................................................................................
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, &pNew->nOut);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
    ){
................................................................................
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
      if( nOut ){
        nOut = whereCost(nOut);
        pNew->nOut = MIN(nOut, saved_nOut);
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    /* TBD: Adjust nOut for additional constraints */
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
................................................................................
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  WhereCost rSize;            /* number of rows in the table */
  WhereCost rLogSize;         /* Logarithm of the number of rows in the table */
  WhereClause *pWC;           /* The parsed WHERE clause */

  
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;

  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else{
................................................................................
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pSrc->pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pSrc->pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = whereCost(pSrc->pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==whereCost(7) );
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==whereCost(20) );
        pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  A smaller constant 2 is used for covering
      **     index scans so that a covering index scan will be favored over
      **     a table scan. */
      pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;

      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b
       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0

         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is 2*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra 2 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
          **     over index scans.  A table scan uses a factor of 3 so that
          **     index scans are favored over table scans.
          **  +  If this covering index might also help satisfy the ORDER BY
          **     clause, then the cost is fudged down slightly so that this
          **     index is favored above other indices that have no hope of
          **     helping with the ORDER BY. */
          pNew->rRun = 10 + whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) - b;

        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }

        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);

        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = whereCostFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));



  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    
      pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
      iCur = pItem->iCursor;
      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
................................................................................
          once = 0;
        }else{
          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
** will be nRowEst (in the 10*log2 representation).  Or, ignore sorting
** costs if nRowEst==0.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM of a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
static int wherePathSolver(WhereInfo *pWInfo, WhereCost nRowEst){
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */

  WhereCost rCost;             /* Cost of a path */

  WhereCost mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */

  WhereCost rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;
  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. */


    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
................................................................................
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = whereCostAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);

        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;
            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){

          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid ){



            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            for(jj=nTo-1; aTo[jj].rCost<mxCost; jj--){ assert(jj>0); }
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){

          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;

          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){

            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost ) mxCost = pTo->rCost;



          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no query solution");
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  /* Find the lowest cost path.  pFrom will be left pointing to that path */
  pFrom = aFrom;
  assert( nFrom==1 );
#if 0 /* The following is needed if nFrom is ever more than 1 */
  for(ii=1; ii<nFrom; ii++){
    if( pFrom->rCost>aFrom[ii].rCost ) pFrom = &aFrom[ii];
  }
#endif
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==nLoop );
  /* Load the lowest cost path into pWInfo */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = pWInfo->a + iLoop;
    pLevel->pWLoop = pWLoop = pFrom->aLoop[iLoop];
    pLevel->iFrom = pWLoop->iTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].iCursor;
................................................................................
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==whereCost(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nColumn>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
................................................................................
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==whereCost(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (WhereCost)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;







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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;




















/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
................................................................................
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* FROM entries not usable at this level */
};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
................................................................................
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
................................................................................

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  LogEst rRun;        /* Cost of running this subquery */
  LogEst nOut;        /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
................................................................................
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
................................................................................
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  LogEst truthProb;       /* Probability of truth for this expression */
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};
................................................................................
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
















/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
................................................................................
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  LogEst rRun,           /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  LogEst nOut            /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 99;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = -1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}






























/*



































** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/


static LogEst estLog(LogEst N){
  LogEst x = sqlite3LogEst(N);
  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  UnpackedRecord *pRec,       /* Vector of values to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  int iCol;                   /* Index of required stats in anEq[] etc. */
  int iMin = 0;               /* Smallest sample not yet tested */
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */

  assert( pRec!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  if( pRec==0 ) return;
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
      iMin = iTest+1;
................................................................................
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
** left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
................................................................................
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereLoop *pLoop     /* Modify the .nOut and maybe .rRun fields */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nOut = pLoop->nOut;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;


  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol

   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff;






    /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
    ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
    ** lower bound being the concatenation of $P and $L, where $P is the
    ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
    ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
    **
................................................................................
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;

    if( nEq==p->nColumn ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }
    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    }else{
      /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
      ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
................................................................................
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      }
      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */
  nNew = nOut;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }


  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
  pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
................................................................................
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  if( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
      && (pLevel->notReady & pTerm->prereqAll)==0
  ){
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    if( pTerm->iParent>=0 ){
      WhereTerm *pOther = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
      if( (--pOther->nChild)==0 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pOther);
      }
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */


  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin Join Loop %d", iLevel));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
................................................................................
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }


  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
................................................................................
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->eOperator!=(WO_EQUIV|WO_EQ) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & pLevel->notReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print a WhereLoop object for debugging purposes
*/
static void whereLoopPrint(WhereLoop *p, SrcList *pTabList){
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Transfer content from the second pLoop into the first.
*/
static int whereLoopXfer(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pTo, WhereLoop *pFrom){

  whereLoopClearUnion(db, pTo);
  if( whereLoopResize(db, pTo, pFrom->nLTerm) ){
    memset(&pTo->u, 0, sizeof(pTo->u));
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ);
  memcpy(pTo->aLTerm, pFrom->aLTerm, pTo->nLTerm*sizeof(pTo->aLTerm[0]));
  if( pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE ){
    pFrom->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  }else if( (pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
    pFrom->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm

       && (p->wsFlags & pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex
          || pTemplate->rRun+p->nLTerm<=p->rRun+pTemplate->nLTerm)
      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;
      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
................................................................................
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut

    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */
      assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup ); /* SETUP-INVARIANT above */
      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pWInfo->pTabList);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
**
** In the current implementation, the first extra WHERE clause term reduces
** the number of output rows by a factor of 10 and each additional term
** reduces the number of output rows by sqrt(2).
*/
static void whereLoopOutputAdjust(WhereClause *pWC, WhereLoop *pLoop, int iCur){
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pX;
  Bitmask notAllowed = ~(pLoop->prereq|pLoop->maskSelf);
  int i, j;

  if( !OptimizationEnabled(pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_AdjustOutEst) ){
    return;
  }
  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
  }
}

/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.
**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
  Index *pProbe,                  /* An index on pSrc */
  LogEst nInMul                   /* log(Number of iterations due to IN) */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;  /* WHERE analyse context */
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;        /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst nRowEst;                 /* Estimated index selectivity */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
................................................................................
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
................................................................................
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, pNew);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
    ){
................................................................................
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
      if( nOut ){
        nOut = sqlite3LogEst(nOut);
        pNew->nOut = MIN(nOut, saved_nOut);
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun,rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew, pSrc->iCursor);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
................................................................................
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  LogEst rSize;               /* number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;            /* Logarithm of the number of rows in the table */
  WhereClause *pWC;           /* The parsed WHERE clause */
  Table *pTab;                /* Table being queried */
  
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else{
................................................................................
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = sqlite3LogEst(pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  FIXME */
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew, pSrc->iCursor);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;

      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b
       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0
         && pProbe->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is K*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra factor K of between 1.1 and 3.0 that depends
          **     on the relative sizes of the table and the index.  K
          **     is smaller for smaller indices, thus favoring them.
          */



          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 1 +
                        (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew, pSrc->iCursor);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    


      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
................................................................................
          once = 0;
        }else{
          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
** will be nRowEst (in the 10*log2 representation).  Or, ignore sorting
** costs if nRowEst==0.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM of a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
static int wherePathSolver(WhereInfo *pWInfo, LogEst nRowEst){
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */
  int mxI = 0;              /* Index of next entry to replace */
  LogEst rCost;             /* Cost of a path */
  LogEst nOut;              /* Number of outputs */
  LogEst mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */
  LogEst mxOut = 0;         /* Maximum nOut value on the set of paths */
  LogEst rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;
  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is 48*N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. The 48 is the expected size of a row to sort. 
    ** FIXME:  compute a better estimate of the 48 multiplier based on the
    ** result set expressions. */
    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
................................................................................
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);
        nOut = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;
            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){
          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew
           && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid
           && ((pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut) ||
                (pTo->rCost>=rCost && pTo->nRow>=nOut))
          ){
            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            jj = mxI;
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d,%d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){
          mxI = 0;
          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;
          mxOut = aTo[0].nRow;
          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){
            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost || (pTo->rCost==mxCost && pTo->nRow>mxOut) ){
              mxCost = pTo->rCost;
              mxOut = pTo->nRow;
              mxI = jj;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no query solution");
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  /* Find the lowest cost path.  pFrom will be left pointing to that path */
  pFrom = aFrom;


  for(ii=1; ii<nFrom; ii++){
    if( pFrom->rCost>aFrom[ii].rCost ) pFrom = &aFrom[ii];
  }

  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==nLoop );
  /* Load the lowest cost path into pWInfo */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = pWInfo->a + iLoop;
    pLevel->pWLoop = pWLoop = pFrom->aLoop[iLoop];
    pLevel->iFrom = pWLoop->iTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].iCursor;
................................................................................
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nColumn>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
................................................................................
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

Added test/amatch1.test.











































































































































































































































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# 2013-09-30
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#*************************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for "approximate_match" virtual
# table that is in the "amatch.c" extension.
#
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

# Create the fts_kjv_genesis procedure which fills and FTS3/4 table with
# the complete text of the Book of Genesis.
#
source $testdir/genesis.tcl



do_test amatch1-1.0 {
  db eval {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts4(words); --, tokenize porter);
  }
  fts_kjv_genesis
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO t1(t1) VALUES('optimize');
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE temp.t1aux USING fts4aux(main, t1);
    SELECT term FROM t1aux WHERE col=0 ORDER BY 1 LIMIT 5
  }
} {a abated abel abelmizraim abidah}
do_test amatch1-1.1 {
  db eval {
    SELECT term FROM t1aux WHERE term>'b' AND col=0 ORDER BY 1 LIMIT 5
  }
} {baalhanan babel back backward bad}
do_test amatch1-1.2 {
  db eval {
    SELECT term FROM t1aux WHERE term>'b' AND col=0 LIMIT 5
  }
} {baalhanan babel back backward bad}

# Load the amatch extension
load_static_extension db amatch

do_execsql_test amatch1-2.0 {
    CREATE TABLE costs(iLang, cFrom, cTo, Cost);
    INSERT INTO costs VALUES(0, '', '?', 100);
    INSERT INTO costs VALUES(0, '?', '', 100);
    INSERT INTO costs VALUES(0, '?', '?', 150);
    CREATE TABLE vocab(w TEXT UNIQUE);
    INSERT OR IGNORE INTO vocab SELECT term FROM t1aux;
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING approximate_match(
      vocabulary_table=t1aux,
      vocabulary_word=term,
      edit_distances=costs
    );
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING approximate_match(
      vocabulary_table=vocab,
      vocabulary_word=w,
      edit_distances=costs
    );
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t4 USING approximate_match(
        vocabulary_table=vtemp,
        vocabulary_word=w,
        edit_distances=costs
      );
} {}
puts "Query against fts4aux: [time {
  do_execsql_test amatch1-2.1 {
      SELECT word, distance FROM t2
       WHERE word MATCH 'josxph' AND distance<300;
  } {joseph 150}} 1]"
puts "Query against ordinary table: [time {
  do_execsql_test amatch1-2.2 {
      SELECT word, distance FROM t3
       WHERE word MATCH 'josxph' AND distance<300;
  } {joseph 150}} 1]"
puts "Temp table initialized from fts4aux: [time {
  do_execsql_test amatch1-2.3a {
      CREATE TEMP TABLE vtemp(w TEXT UNIQUE);
      INSERT OR IGNORE INTO vtemp SELECT term FROM t1aux;
  } {}} 1]"
puts "Query against temp table: [time {
  do_execsql_test amatch1-2.3b {
      SELECT word, distance FROM t4
       WHERE word MATCH 'josxph' AND distance<300;
  } {joseph 150}} 1]"
do_execsql_test amatch1-2.11 {
    SELECT word, distance FROM t2
     WHERE word MATCH 'joxxph' AND distance<=300;
} {joseph 300}
do_execsql_test amatch1-2.12 {
    SELECT word, distance FROM t3
     WHERE word MATCH 'joxxph' AND distance<=300;
} {joseph 300}
do_execsql_test amatch1-2.21 {
    SELECT word, distance FROM t2
     WHERE word MATCH 'joxxph' AND distance<300;
} {}
do_execsql_test amatch1-2.22 {
    SELECT word, distance FROM t3
     WHERE word MATCH 'joxxph' AND distance<300;
} {}

finish_test

Changes to test/analyze6.test.

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proc eqp {sql {db db}} {
  uplevel execsql [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql"] $db
}

do_test analyze6-1.0 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE cat(x INT);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX catx ON cat(x);
    /* Give cat 16 unique integers */
    INSERT INTO cat VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO cat VALUES(2);
    INSERT INTO cat SELECT x+2 FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO cat SELECT x+4 FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO cat SELECT x+8 FROM cat;

    CREATE TABLE ev(y INT);
    CREATE INDEX evy ON ev(y);
    /* ev will hold 32 copies of 16 integers found in cat */
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT x FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT x FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT y FROM ev;







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proc eqp {sql {db db}} {
  uplevel execsql [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql"] $db
}

do_test analyze6-1.0 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE cat(x INT, yz TEXT);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX catx ON cat(x);
    /* Give cat 16 unique integers */
    INSERT INTO cat(x) VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO cat(x) VALUES(2);
    INSERT INTO cat(x) SELECT x+2 FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO cat(x) SELECT x+4 FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO cat(x) SELECT x+8 FROM cat;

    CREATE TABLE ev(y INT);
    CREATE INDEX evy ON ev(y);
    /* ev will hold 32 copies of 16 integers found in cat */
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT x FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT x FROM cat;
    INSERT INTO ev SELECT y FROM ev;

Changes to test/analyze9.test.

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    lrange(nlt, 0, 2),
    lrange(ndlt, 0, 2),
    lrange(test_decode(sample), 0, 1)
    FROM sqlite_stat4
  ORDER BY rowid DESC LIMIT 2;
} {
  {2 1 1 1} {295 296 296} {120 122 125} {201 4} 
  {5 3 1 1} {290 290 292} {119 119 121} {200 1}
}

do_execsql_test 4.4 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<201 } 120
do_execsql_test 4.5 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<200 } 119

# Check that the perioidic samples are present.
do_execsql_test 4.6 {
................................................................................
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, UNIQUE(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($two);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  set nByte2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]

  expr {$nByte2 > $nByte+950 && $nByte2 < $nByte+1050}
} {1}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that stat4 data may be used with partial indexes.
#
do_test 17.1 {
  reset_db
................................................................................
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=10 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=0 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}

do_execsql_test 17.4 {
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(c);
  ANALYZE main.i2;
}
do_eqp_test 17.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=10 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=0 AND c=10;
................................................................................
      CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t1;
    }
    catchsql ANALYZE
  } {1 {not authorized}}
}







finish_test


































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    lrange(nlt, 0, 2),
    lrange(ndlt, 0, 2),
    lrange(test_decode(sample), 0, 1)
    FROM sqlite_stat4
  ORDER BY rowid DESC LIMIT 2;
} {
  {2 1 1 1} {295 296 296} {120 122 125} {201 4} 
  {5 3 1 1} {290 290 290} {119 119 119} {200 1}
}

do_execsql_test 4.4 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<201 } 120
do_execsql_test 4.5 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<200 } 119

# Check that the perioidic samples are present.
do_execsql_test 4.6 {
................................................................................
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, UNIQUE(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($two);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  set nByte2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]

  expr {$nByte2 > $nByte+900 && $nByte2 < $nByte+1050}
} {1}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that stat4 data may be used with partial indexes.
#
do_test 17.1 {
  reset_db
................................................................................
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=10 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=0 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}

do_execsql_test 17.4 {
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(c, d);
  ANALYZE main.i2;
}
do_eqp_test 17.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=10 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=0 AND c=10;
................................................................................
      CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t1;
    }
    catchsql ANALYZE
  } {1 {not authorized}}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
proc r {args} { expr rand() }
db func r r
db func lrange lrange
do_test 20.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  }
  for {set i 0} {$i < 16} {incr i} {
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, r(), r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  $i);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  $i);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, r(), r(), r());
    }
  }
} {}
do_execsql_test 20.2 { ANALYZE }
for {set i 0} {$i<16} {incr i} {
    set val "$i $i $i $i"
    do_execsql_test 20.3.$i {
      SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_stat4 
      WHERE lrange(test_decode(sample), 0, 3)=$val
    } {1}
}

finish_test

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# 2013 August 3
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains automated tests used to verify that the sqlite_stat3
# functionality is working. The tests in this file are based on a subset
# of the sqlite_stat4 tests in analyze9.test.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix analyzeB

ifcapable !stat3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT, b TEXT); 
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('(0)', '(0)');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('(1)', '(1)');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('(2)', '(2)');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('(3)', '(3)');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('(4)', '(4)');
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b);
} {}


do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  ANALYZE;
} {}

do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  SELECT tbl,idx,nEq,nLt,nDLt,quote(sample) FROM sqlite_stat3;
} {
  t1 i1 1 0 0 '(0)'
  t1 i1 1 1 1 '(1)'
  t1 i1 1 2 2 '(2)'
  t1 i1 1 3 3 '(3)'
  t1 i1 1 4 4 '(4)'
}

if {[permutation] != "utf16"} {
  do_execsql_test 1.3 {
    SELECT tbl,idx,nEq,nLt,nDLt,quote(sample) FROM sqlite_stat3;
  } {
    t1 i1 1 0 0 '(0)'
    t1 i1 1 1 1 '(1)'
    t1 i1 1 2 2 '(2)'
    t1 i1 1 3 3 '(3)'
    t1 i1 1 4 4 '(4)'
  }
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This is really just to test SQL user function "test_decode".
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES('some text');
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES(14);
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES(NULL);
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES(22.0);
  INSERT INTO t1(a) VALUES(x'656667');
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b, c);
  ANALYZE;
  SELECT quote(sample) FROM sqlite_stat3;
} {
  NULL 14 22.0 {'some text'} X'656667' 
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# 
reset_db
do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t2(a, b);
  BEGIN;
}

do_test 3.2 {
  for {set i 0} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
    set a [expr $i / 10]
    set b [expr int(rand() * 15.0)]
    execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($a, $b) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

db func lindex lindex

# Each value of "a" occurs exactly 10 times in the table.
#
do_execsql_test 3.3.1 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t2 GROUP BY a;
} [lrange [string repeat "10 " 100] 0 99]

# The first element in the "nEq" list of all samples should therefore be 10.
#
do_execsql_test 3.3.2 {
  ANALYZE;
  SELECT nEq FROM sqlite_stat3;
} [lrange [string repeat "10 " 100] 0 23]

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# 
do_execsql_test 3.4 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 'one-a');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(11, 1, 'one-b');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(21, 1, 'one-c');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(31, 1, 'one-d');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(41, 1, 'one-e');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(51, 1, 'one-f');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(61, 1, 'one-g');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(71, 1, 'one-h');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(81, 1, 'one-i');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(91, 1, 'one-j');
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+1,2,'two' || substr(c,4) FROM t1;
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+2,3,'three'||substr(c,4) FROM t1 WHERE c GLOB 'one-*';
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+3,4,'four'||substr(c,4) FROM t1 WHERE c GLOB 'one-*';
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+4,5,'five'||substr(c,4) FROM t1 WHERE c GLOB 'one-*';
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+5,6,'six'||substr(c,4) FROM t1 WHERE c GLOB 'one-*';	
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  ANALYZE;
  SELECT c FROM t1 WHERE b=3 AND a BETWEEN 30 AND 60;
} {three-d three-e three-f}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# These tests verify that the sample selection for stat3 appears to be 
# working as designed.
#

reset_db
db func lindex lindex
db func lrange lrange

do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(c, b, a);
}


proc insert_filler_rows_n {iStart args} {
  set A(-ncopy) 1
  set A(-nval) 1

  foreach {k v} $args {
    if {[info exists A($k)]==0} { error "no such option: $k" }
    set A($k) $v
  }
  if {[llength $args] % 2} {
    error "option requires an argument: [lindex $args end]"
  }

  for {set i 0} {$i < $A(-nval)} {incr i} {
    set iVal [expr $iStart+$i]
    for {set j 0} {$j < $A(-ncopy)} {incr j} {
      execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($iVal, $iVal, $iVal) }
    }
  }
}

do_test 4.1 {
  execsql { BEGIN }
  insert_filler_rows_n  0  -ncopy 10 -nval 19
  insert_filler_rows_n 20  -ncopy  1 -nval 100

  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(200, 1, 'a');
    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(200, 1, 'b');
    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(200, 1, 'c');

    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(200, 2, 'e');
    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(200, 2, 'f');

    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(201, 3, 'g');
    INSERT INTO t1(c, b, a) VALUES(201, 4, 'h');

    ANALYZE;
    SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_stat3;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  }
} {24 297}

do_execsql_test 4.2 {
  SELECT neq, nlt, ndlt, sample FROM sqlite_stat3 ORDER BY rowid LIMIT 16;
} {
  10 0 0 0
  10 10 1 1
  10 20 2 2
  10 30 3 3
  10 40 4 4
  10 50 5 5
  10 60 6 6
  10 70 7 7
  10 80 8 8
  10 90 9 9
  10 100 10 10
  10 110 11 11
  10 120 12 12
  10 130 13 13
  10 140 14 14
  10 150 15 15
}

do_execsql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT neq, nlt, ndlt, sample FROM sqlite_stat3
  ORDER BY rowid DESC LIMIT 2;
} {
  2 295 120 201
  5 290 119 200
}

do_execsql_test 4.4 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<201 } 120
do_execsql_test 4.5 { SELECT count(DISTINCT c) FROM t1 WHERE c<200 } 119

reset_db
do_test 4.7 {
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE t1(o,t INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(o);
  }
  for {set i 0} {$i<10000} {incr i [expr (($i<1000)?1:10)]} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', $i) }
  }
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    ANALYZE;
    SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_stat3;
  }
} {1}
do_execsql_test 4.8 {
  SELECT sample FROM sqlite_stat3;
} {x}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following would cause a crash at one point.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  PRAGMA encoding = 'utf-16';
  CREATE TABLE t0(v);
  ANALYZE;
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This was also crashing (corrupt sqlite_stat3 table).
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 4);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5);
  ANALYZE;
  PRAGMA writable_schema = 1;
  CREATE TEMP TABLE x1 AS
    SELECT tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM sqlite_stat3
    ORDER BY (rowid%5), rowid;
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat3;
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat3 SELECT * FROM x1;
  PRAGMA writable_schema = 0;
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
}
do_execsql_test 6.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'abc';
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests experiment with adding corrupted records to the
# 'sample' column of the sqlite_stat3 table.
#
reset_db
sqlite3_db_config_lookaside db 0 0 0

do_execsql_test 7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 4);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5);
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET sample = X'' WHERE rowid = 1;
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
}

do_execsql_test 7.2 {
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET sample = X'FFFF';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} {1 1}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET neq = '0 0 0';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} {1 1}

do_execsql_test 7.4 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET ndlt = '0 0 0';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 3;
} {3 3}

do_execsql_test 7.5 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET nlt = '0 0 0';
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 5;
} {5 5}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(x);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('1');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('2');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('3');
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('4');
  ANALYZE;
}
do_execsql_test 8.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x = 3;
} {3}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, d, e);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b, c, d);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(e);
}
do_test 9.2 {
  execsql BEGIN;
  for {set i 0} {$i < 100} {incr i} {
    execsql "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', 'y', 'z', $i, [expr $i/2])"
  }
  for {set i 0} {$i < 20} {incr i} {
    execsql "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', 'y', 'z', 101, $i)"
  }
  for {set i 102} {$i < 200} {incr i} {
    execsql "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', 'y', 'z', $i, [expr $i/2])"
  }
  execsql COMMIT
  execsql ANALYZE
} {}

do_eqp_test 9.3.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='x' AND b='y' AND c='z' AND d=101 AND e=5;
} {/t1 USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 9.3.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='x' AND b='y' AND c='z' AND d=99 AND e=5;
} {/t1 USING INDEX i1/}

set value_d [expr 101]
do_eqp_test 9.4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='x' AND b='y' AND c='z' AND d=$value_d AND e=5
} {/t1 USING INDEX i1/}
set value_d [expr 99]
do_eqp_test 9.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='x' AND b='y' AND c='z' AND d=$value_d AND e=5
} {/t1 USING INDEX i1/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that the planner takes stat3 data into account when considering
# "IS NULL" and "IS NOT NULL" constraints.
#
do_execsql_test 10.1.1 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t3;
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX t3a ON t3(a);
  CREATE INDEX t3b ON t3(b);
}
do_test 10.1.2 {
  for {set i 1} {$i < 100} {incr i} {
    if {$i>90} { set a $i } else { set a NULL }
    set b [expr $i % 5]
    execsql "INSERT INTO t3 VALUES($a, $b)"
  }
  execsql ANALYZE
} {}
do_eqp_test 10.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE a IS NULL AND b = 2
} {/t3 USING INDEX t3b/}
do_eqp_test 10.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE a IS NOT NULL AND b = 2
} {/t3 USING INDEX t3a/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that stat3 data is used correctly with non-default collation
# sequences.
#
foreach {tn schema} {
  1 {
    CREATE TABLE t4(a COLLATE nocase, b);
    CREATE INDEX t4a ON t4(a);
    CREATE INDEX t4b ON t4(b);
  }
  2 {
    CREATE TABLE t4(a, b);
    CREATE INDEX t4a ON t4(a COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE INDEX t4b ON t4(b);
  }
} {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test 11.$tn.1 { execsql $schema } {}

  do_test 11.$tn.2 {
    for {set i 0} {$i < 100} {incr i} {
      if { ($i % 10)==0 } { set a ABC } else { set a DEF }
      set b [expr $i % 5]
        execsql { INSERT INTO t4 VALUES($a, $b) }
    }
    execsql ANALYZE
  } {}

  do_eqp_test 11.$tn.3 {
    SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE a = 'def' AND b = 3;
  } {/t4 USING INDEX t4b/}

  if {$tn==1} {
    set sql "SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE a = 'abc' AND b = 3;"
    do_eqp_test 11.$tn.4 $sql {/t4 USING INDEX t4a/}
  } else {

    set sql "SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE a = 'abc' COLLATE nocase AND b = 3;"
    do_eqp_test 11.$tn.5 $sql {/t4 USING INDEX t4a/}

    set sql "SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE a COLLATE nocase = 'abc' AND b = 3;"
    do_eqp_test 11.$tn.6 $sql {/t4 USING INDEX t4a/}
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that nothing untoward happens if the stat3 table contains entries
# for indexes that do not exist. Or NULL values in the idx column.
# Or NULL values in any of the other columns.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 15.1 {
  CREATE TABLE x1(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES(3, 4);
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES(5, 6);
  ANALYZE;
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat3 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.2 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

do_execsql_test 15.3 {
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat3 VALUES(42, 42, 42, 42, 42, 42);
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.4 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

do_execsql_test 15.5 {
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat = NULL;
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.6 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

do_execsql_test 15.7 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET tbl = 'no such tbl';
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.8 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

do_execsql_test 15.9 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat3 SET neq = NULL, nlt=NULL, ndlt=NULL;
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.10 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

# This is just for coverage....
do_execsql_test 15.11 {
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat = stat || ' unordered';
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 15.12 { SELECT * FROM x1 } {1 2 3 4 5 6}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that allocations used for sqlite_stat3 samples are included in
# the quantity returned by SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED.
#
set one [string repeat x 1000]
set two [string repeat x 2000]
do_test 16.1 {
  reset_db
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, UNIQUE(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($one);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  set nByte [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]

  reset_db
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, UNIQUE(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($two);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  set nByte2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]

  expr {$nByte2 > $nByte+950 && $nByte2 < $nByte+1050}
} {1}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that stat3 data may be used with partial indexes.
#
do_test 17.1 {
  reset_db
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, d);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b) WHERE d IS NOT NULL;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(-1, -1, -1, NULL);
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT 2*a,2*b,2*c,d FROM t1;
  }

  for {set i 0} {$i < 32} {incr i} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i%2, $b, $i/2, 'abc') }
  }
  execsql {ANALYZE main.t1}
} {}

do_catchsql_test 17.1.2 {
  ANALYZE temp.t1;
} {1 {no such table: temp.t1}}

do_eqp_test 17.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}

do_execsql_test 17.4 {
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(c) WHERE d IS NOT NULL;
  ANALYZE main.i2;
}
do_eqp_test 17.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0;
} {/USING INDEX i1/}
do_eqp_test 17.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE d IS NOT NULL AND a=0 AND b=0 AND c=10;
} {/USING INDEX i2/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
do_test 18.1 {
  reset_db
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b);
  }
  for {set i 0} {$i < 9} {incr i} {
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, 0);
    }
  }
  execsql ANALYZE
  execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_stat3 }
} {9}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# For coverage.
#
ifcapable view {
  do_test 19.1 {
    reset_db 
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(x, y);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t1;
      ANALYZE;
    }
  } {}
}
ifcapable auth {
  proc authproc {op args} {
    if {$op == "SQLITE_ANALYZE"} { return "SQLITE_DENY" }
    return "SQLITE_OK"
  }
  do_test 19.2 {
    reset_db 
    db auth authproc
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t1;
    }
    catchsql ANALYZE
  } {1 {not authorized}}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
proc r {args} { expr rand() }
db func r r
db func lrange lrange
do_test 20.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  }
  for {set i 0} {$i < 16} {incr i} {
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, r(), r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  $i);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  $i);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  $i,  r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i,  r(), r());
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, r(), r(), r());
    }
  }
} {}
do_execsql_test 20.2 { ANALYZE }
for {set i 0} {$i<16} {incr i} {
    set val $i
    do_execsql_test 20.3.$i {
      SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_stat3 WHERE sample=$val
    } {1}
}

finish_test

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  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, $str) }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db one { SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a = 3 }
} $str

db close
file delete test.db

finish_test







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  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, $str) }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db one { SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a = 3 }
} $str

db close
delete_file test.db

finish_test

Changes to test/date.test.

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    sqlite3 db test.db
    do_test date-14.2.$i {
      set date [db one {SELECT datetime(x) FROM t1}]
      expr {$date eq "2008-06-12 00:00:00" || $date eq "2008-06-11 23:59:59"}
    } {1}
  }
}



















finish_test







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    do_test date-14.2.$i {
      set date [db one {SELECT datetime(x) FROM t1}]
      expr {$date eq "2008-06-12 00:00:00" || $date eq "2008-06-11 23:59:59"}
    } {1}
  }
}

# Verify that multiple calls to date functions with 'now' return the
# same answer.
#
proc sleeper {} {after 100}
do_test date-15.1 {
  db func sleeper sleeper
  db eval {
     SELECT c - a FROM (SELECT julianday('now') AS a,
                               sleeper(), julianday('now') AS c);
  }
} {0.0}
do_test date-15.2 {
  db eval {
     SELECT a==b FROM (SELECT current_timestamp AS a,
                               sleeper(), current_timestamp AS b);
  }
} {1}

finish_test

Changes to test/e_select.test.

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} [concat {-60.06 {} {}} {-39.24 {} encompass -1}]

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-44414-54710 There is a row in the cartesian product
# dataset formed by combining each unique combination of a row from the
# left-hand and right-hand datasets.
#
do_join_test e_select-1.4.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM x2 %JOIN% x3
} [list -60.06 {} {}      -39.24 {} encompass -1                 \
        -60.06 {} {}      presenting 51 reformation dignified    \
        -60.06 {} {}      conducting -87.24 37.56 {}             \
        -60.06 {} {}      coldest -96 dramatists 82.3            \

        -60.06 {} {}      alerting {} -93.79 {}                  \
        -58 {} 1.21       -39.24 {} encompass -1                 \
        -58 {} 1.21       presenting 51 reformation dignified    \
        -58 {} 1.21       conducting -87.24 37.56 {}             \
        -58 {} 1.21       coldest -96 dramatists 82.3            \

        -58 {} 1.21       alerting {} -93.79 {}                  \
]
# TODO: Come back and add a few more like the above.

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-20659-43267 In other words, if the left-hand dataset
# consists of Nlhs rows of Mlhs columns, and the right-hand dataset of
# Nrhs rows of Mrhs columns, then the cartesian product is a dataset of
# Nlhs.Nrhs rows, each containing Mlhs+Mrhs columns.







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} [concat {-60.06 {} {}} {-39.24 {} encompass -1}]

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-44414-54710 There is a row in the cartesian product
# dataset formed by combining each unique combination of a row from the
# left-hand and right-hand datasets.
#
do_join_test e_select-1.4.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM x2 %JOIN% x3 ORDER BY +c, +f
} [list -60.06 {} {}      -39.24 {} encompass -1                 \
        -60.06 {} {}      alerting {} -93.79 {}                  \

        -60.06 {} {}      coldest -96 dramatists 82.3            \
        -60.06 {} {}      conducting -87.24 37.56 {}             \
        -60.06 {} {}      presenting 51 reformation dignified    \
        -58 {} 1.21       -39.24 {} encompass -1                 \
        -58 {} 1.21       alerting {} -93.79 {}                  \

        -58 {} 1.21       coldest -96 dramatists 82.3            \
        -58 {} 1.21       conducting -87.24 37.56 {}             \
        -58 {} 1.21       presenting 51 reformation dignified    \
]
# TODO: Come back and add a few more like the above.

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-20659-43267 In other words, if the left-hand dataset
# consists of Nlhs rows of Mlhs columns, and the right-hand dataset of
# Nrhs rows of Mrhs columns, then the cartesian product is a dataset of
# Nlhs.Nrhs rows, each containing Mlhs+Mrhs columns.

Changes to test/eqp.test.

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# ...
# eqp-7.*:        "SELECT count(*) FROM tbl" statements (VDBE code OP_Count).
#

proc det {args} { uplevel do_eqp_test $args }

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)} 
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)} 
................................................................................
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

det 2.2.1 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
................................................................................
#
drop_all_tables

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-47779-47605 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b
# FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
#
do_execsql_test 5.1.0 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) }
det 5.1.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-55852-17599 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1
................................................................................
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-09991-48941 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2
#
do_execsql_test 5.4.0 {CREATE TABLE t2(c, d)}
det 5.4.1 "SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-33626-61085 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2
#
det 5.5 "SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-04002-25654 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.5.0 {CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b)}
det 5.6.1 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-24577-38891 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
................................................................................
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-46219-33846 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1
#
det 5.11 "SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37879-39987 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)
#
det 5.12 "SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-44864-63011 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
#
det 5.13 "SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
    set data [read $fd]
    close $fd
    set data
  }] [list $res]
}

do_peqp_test 6.1 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} [string trimleft {
1 0 0 SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
2 0 0 SCAN TABLE t2
2 0 0 USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
0 0 0 COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
}]

................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-7.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables

do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t2(a);
}

det 7.1 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 7.2 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4);

  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(3, 4);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(5, 6);
 
  ANALYZE;
}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db








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# ...
# eqp-7.*:        "SELECT count(*) FROM tbl" statements (VDBE code OP_Count).
#

proc det {args} { uplevel do_eqp_test $args }

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)} 
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)} 
................................................................................
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

det 2.2.1 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
................................................................................
#
drop_all_tables

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-47779-47605 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b
# FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
#
do_execsql_test 5.1.0 { CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT) }
det 5.1.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-55852-17599 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1
................................................................................
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-09991-48941 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2
#
do_execsql_test 5.4.0 {CREATE TABLE t2(c INT, d INT, ex TEXT)}
det 5.4.1 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-33626-61085 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2
#
det 5.5 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-04002-25654 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.5.0 {CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b)}
det 5.6.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-24577-38891 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
................................................................................
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-46219-33846 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1
#
det 5.11 "SELECT a, b FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37879-39987 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)
#
det 5.12 "SELECT a,b FROM t1 UNION SELECT c, 99 FROM t2" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-44864-63011 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
#
det 5.13 "SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
    set data [read $fd]
    close $fd
    set data
  }] [list $res]
}

do_peqp_test 6.1 {
  SELECT a, b FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d, 99 FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} [string trimleft {
1 0 0 SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
2 0 0 SCAN TABLE t2
2 0 0 USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
0 0 0 COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
}]

................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-7.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables

do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t2(a);
}

det 7.1 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 7.2 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(3, 4);

  INSERT INTO t2(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t2(a,b) VALUES(3, 4);
  INSERT INTO t2(a,b) VALUES(5, 6);
 
  ANALYZE;
}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db

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# 2001 September 15
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests for foreign keys.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix fkey7

ifcapable {!foreignkey} {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  PRAGMA foreign_keys = 1;

  CREATE TABLE s1(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
  CREATE TABLE par(a, b REFERENCES s1, c UNIQUE, PRIMARY KEY(a));

  CREATE TABLE c1(a, b REFERENCES par);
  CREATE TABLE c2(a, b REFERENCES par);
  CREATE TABLE c3(a, b REFERENCES par(c));
}

proc auth {op tbl args} {
  if {$op == "SQLITE_READ"} { set ::tbls($tbl) 1 }
  return "SQLITE_OK"
}
db auth auth
db cache size 0
proc do_tblsread_test {tn sql tbllist} {
  array unset ::tbls
  uplevel [list execsql $sql]
  uplevel [list do_test $tn {lsort [array names ::tbls]} $tbllist]
}

do_tblsread_test 1.2 { UPDATE par SET b=? WHERE a=? } {par s1}
do_tblsread_test 1.3 { UPDATE par SET a=? WHERE b=? } {c1 c2 par}
do_tblsread_test 1.4 { UPDATE par SET c=? WHERE b=? } {c3 par}
do_tblsread_test 1.5 { UPDATE par SET a=?,b=?,c=? WHERE b=? } {c1 c2 c3 par s1}


finish_test

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# 2010 October 23
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains a very simple test to show that the deferred tokens
# optimization is doing something.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
ifcapable !fts3||!fts4_deferred {
  finish_test 
  return
}
set testprefix fts3defer3

set nDoclist 3204
set nDoc     800

# Set up a database that contains 800 rows. Each row contains the document
# "b b", except for the row with docid=200, which contains "a b". Hence
# token "b" is extremely common and token "a" is not.
#
do_test 1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING fts4;
      BEGIN;
  }
  for {set i 1} {$i <= $nDoc} {incr i} {
    set document "b b"
    if {$i==200} { set document "a b" }
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 (docid, content) VALUES($i, $document) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

# Check that the db contains two doclists. A small one for "a" and a 
# larger one for "b".
#
do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  SELECT blockid, length(block) FROM t1_segments;
} [list 1 8 2 $nDoclist]

# Query for 'a b'. Although this test doesn't prove so, token "b" will 
# be deferred because of the very large associated doclist.
#
do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  SELECT docid, content FROM t1 WHERE t1 MATCH 'a b';
} {200 {a b}}

# Zero out the doclist for token "b" within the database file. Now the 
# only queries that use token "b" that will work are those that defer
# it. Any query that tries to use the doclist belonging to token "b"
# will fail.
#
do_test 1.4 {
  set fd [db incrblob t1_segments block 2]
  puts -nonewline $fd [string repeat "\00" $nDoclist]
  close $fd
} {}

# The first two queries succeed, as they defer token "b". The last one
# fails, as it tries to load the corrupt doclist.
#
do_execsql_test 1.5 {
  SELECT docid, content FROM t1 WHERE t1 MATCH 'a b';
} {200 {a b}}
do_execsql_test 1.6 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE t1 MATCH 'a b';
} {1}
do_catchsql_test 1.7 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE t1 MATCH 'b';
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}


finish_test

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# The tests in this file test the FTS3 auxillary functions offsets(), 
# snippet() and matchinfo() work. At time of writing, running this file 
# provides full coverage of fts3_snippet.c.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl


# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is not defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 { finish_test ; return }
source $testdir/fts3_common.tcl

set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 1
set DO_MALLOC_TEST 0
................................................................................
  forcedelete test.db
  sqlite3 db test.db
  sqlite3_db_config_lookaside db 0 0 0
  db eval "PRAGMA encoding = \"$enc\""

  # Set variable $T to the test name prefix for this iteration of the loop.
  #
  set T "fts3snippet-$enc"

  ##########################################################################
  # Test the offset function.
  #
  do_test $T.1.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft USING fts3;
................................................................................
  do_select_test $T.10.5 {
    SELECT length(matchinfo(ft)), typeof(matchinfo(ft)) FROM ft;
  } {0 blob 0 blob 0 blob}
  do_select_test $T.10.6 {
    SELECT length(matchinfo(ft)), typeof(matchinfo(ft)) FROM ft WHERE rowid = $r
  } {0 blob}
}





























































set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 0
finish_test







>







 







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# The tests in this file test the FTS3 auxillary functions offsets(), 
# snippet() and matchinfo() work. At time of writing, running this file 
# provides full coverage of fts3_snippet.c.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix fts3snippet

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is not defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 { finish_test ; return }
source $testdir/fts3_common.tcl

set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 1
set DO_MALLOC_TEST 0
................................................................................
  forcedelete test.db
  sqlite3 db test.db
  sqlite3_db_config_lookaside db 0 0 0
  db eval "PRAGMA encoding = \"$enc\""

  # Set variable $T to the test name prefix for this iteration of the loop.
  #
  set T "fts3snippet-1.$enc"

  ##########################################################################
  # Test the offset function.
  #
  do_test $T.1.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft USING fts3;
................................................................................
  do_select_test $T.10.5 {
    SELECT length(matchinfo(ft)), typeof(matchinfo(ft)) FROM ft;
  } {0 blob 0 blob 0 blob}
  do_select_test $T.10.6 {
    SELECT length(matchinfo(ft)), typeof(matchinfo(ft)) FROM ft WHERE rowid = $r
  } {0 blob}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test an interaction between the snippet() function and OR clauses.
#
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING fts4;
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('one two three four five');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('two three four five one');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('three four five one two');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('four five one two three');
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('five one two three four');
}

do_execsql_test 2.2 {
  SELECT snippet(t2, '[', ']') FROM t2 WHERE t2 MATCH 'one OR (four AND six)'
} {
  {[one] two three [four] five}
  {two three [four] five [one]}
  {three [four] five [one] two}
  {[four] five [one] two three}
  {five [one] two three [four]}
}

do_execsql_test 2.3 {
  SELECT snippet(t2, '[', ']') FROM t2 
  WHERE t2 MATCH 'one OR (four AND six)' 
  ORDER BY docid DESC
} {
  {five [one] two three [four]}
  {[four] five [one] two three}
  {three [four] five [one] two}
  {two three [four] five [one]}
  {[one] two three [four] five}
}

do_execsql_test 2.4 {
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('six');
}

do_execsql_test 2.5 {
  SELECT snippet(t2, '[', ']') FROM t2 WHERE t2 MATCH 'one OR (four AND six)'
} {
  {[one] two three [four] five}
  {two three [four] five [one]}
  {three [four] five [one] two}
  {[four] five [one] two three}
  {five [one] two three [four]}
}

do_execsql_test 2.6 {
  SELECT snippet(t2, '[', ']') FROM t2 
  WHERE t2 MATCH 'one OR (four AND six)' 
  ORDER BY docid DESC
} {
  {five [one] two three [four]}
  {[four] five [one] two three}
  {three [four] five [one] two}
  {two three [four] five [one]}
  {[one] two three [four] five}
}

set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 0
finish_test

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# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

# This procedure fills an existing FTS3/FTS4 table with many entries.
# The table needs to have a single column (other than docid) named "words".
#
proc fts4aa_fill_table {} {
db eval {
BEGIN TRANSACTION;
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001001,'In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001002,'And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001003,'And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001004,'And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001005,'And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001006,'And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001007,'And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001008,'And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001009,'And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001010,'And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001011,'And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001012,'And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001013,'And the evening and the morning were the third day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001014,'And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001015,'And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001016,'And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001017,'And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001018,'And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001019,'And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001020,'And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001021,'And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001022,'And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001023,'And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001024,'And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001025,'And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001026,'And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001027,'So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001028,'And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001029,'And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001030,'And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1001031,'And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002001,'Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002002,'And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002003,'And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002004,'These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002005,'And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002006,'But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002007,'And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002008,'And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002009,'And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002010,'And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002011,'The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002012,'And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002013,'And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002014,'And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002015,'And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002016,'And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002017,'But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002018,'And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002019,'And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002020,'And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002021,'And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002022,'And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002023,'And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002024,'Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1002025,'And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003001,'Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003002,'And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003003,'But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003004,'And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003005,'For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003006,'And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003007,'And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003008,'And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003009,'And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003010,'And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003011,'And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003012,'And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003013,'And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003014,'And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003015,'And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003016,'Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003017,'And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003018,'Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003019,'In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003020,'And Adam called his wife''s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003021,'Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003022,'And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003023,'Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1003024,'So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004001,'And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004002,'And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004003,'And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004004,'And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004005,'But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004006,'And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004007,'If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004008,'And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004009,'And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother''s keeper?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004010,'And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother''s blood crieth unto me from the ground.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004011,'And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother''s blood from thy hand;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004012,'When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004013,'And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004014,'Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004015,'And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004016,'And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004017,'And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004018,'And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004019,'And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004020,'And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004021,'And his brother''s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004022,'And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004023,'And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004024,'If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004025,'And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1004026,'And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005001,'This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005002,'Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005003,'And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005004,'And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005005,'And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005006,'And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005007,'And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005008,'And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005009,'And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005010,'And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005011,'And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005012,'And Cainan lived seventy years and begat Mahalaleel:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005013,'And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005014,'And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005015,'And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005016,'And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005017,'And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005018,'And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005019,'And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005020,'And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005021,'And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005022,'And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005023,'And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005024,'And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005025,'And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005026,'And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005027,'And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005028,'And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005029,'And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005030,'And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005031,'And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1005032,'And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006001,'And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006002,'That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006003,'And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006004,'There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006005,'And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006006,'And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006007,'And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006008,'But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006009,'These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006010,'And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006011,'The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006012,'And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006013,'And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006014,'Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006015,'And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006016,'A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006017,'And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006018,'But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons'' wives with thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006019,'And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006020,'Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006021,'And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1006022,'Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007001,'And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007002,'Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007003,'Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007004,'For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007005,'And Noah did according unto all that the LORD commanded him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007006,'And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007007,'And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons'' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007008,'Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007009,'There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007010,'And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007011,'In the six hundredth year of Noah''s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007012,'And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007013,'In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah''s wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007014,'They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007015,'And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007016,'And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007017,'And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007018,'And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007019,'And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007020,'Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007021,'And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007022,'All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007023,'And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1007024,'And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008001,'And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008002,'The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008003,'And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008004,'And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008005,'And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008006,'And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008007,'And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008008,'Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008009,'But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008010,'And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008011,'And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008012,'And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008013,'And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008014,'And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008015,'And God spake unto Noah, saying,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008016,'Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons'' wives with thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008017,'Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008018,'And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons'' wives with him:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008019,'Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008020,'And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008021,'And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man''s sake; for the imagination of man''s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1008022,'While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009001,'And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009002,'And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009003,'Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009004,'But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009005,'And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man''s brother will I require the life of man.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009006,'Whoso sheddeth man''s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009007,'And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009008,'And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009009,'And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009010,'And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009011,'And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009012,'And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009013,'I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009014,'And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009015,'And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009016,'And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009017,'And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009018,'And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009019,'These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009020,'And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009021,'And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009022,'And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009023,'And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father''s nakedness.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009024,'And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009025,'And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009026,'And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009027,'God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009028,'And Noah lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1009029,'And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010001,'Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010002,'The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010003,'And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010004,'And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010005,'By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010006,'And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010007,'And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010008,'And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010009,'He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010010,'And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010011,'Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010012,'And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010013,'And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010014,'And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010015,'And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010016,'And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010017,'And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010018,'And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010019,'And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010020,'These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010021,'Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010022,'The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010023,'And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010024,'And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010025,'And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother''s name was Joktan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010026,'And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010027,'And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010028,'And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010029,'And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010030,'And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010031,'These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1010032,'These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011001,'And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011002,'And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011003,'And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011004,'And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011005,'And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011006,'And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011007,'Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another''s speech.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011008,'So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011009,'Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011010,'These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011011,'And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011012,'And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011013,'And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011014,'And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011015,'And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011016,'And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011017,'And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011018,'And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011019,'And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011020,'And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011021,'And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011022,'And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011023,'And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011024,'And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011025,'And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011026,'And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011027,'Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011028,'And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011029,'And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram''s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor''s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011030,'But Sarai was barren; she had no child.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011031,'And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son''s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram''s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1011032,'And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012001,'Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father''s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012002,'And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012003,'And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012004,'So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012005,'And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother''s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012006,'And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012007,'And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012008,'And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012009,'And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012010,'And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012011,'And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012012,'Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012013,'Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012014,'And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012015,'The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh''s house.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012016,'And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012017,'And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram''s wife.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012018,'And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012019,'Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1012020,'And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013001,'And Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the south.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013002,'And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013003,'And he went on his journeys from the south even to Bethel, unto the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Bethel and Hai;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013004,'Unto the place of the altar, which he had make there at the first: and there Abram called on the name of the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013005,'And Lot also, which went with Abram, had flocks, and herds, and tents.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013006,'And the land was not able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013007,'And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram''s cattle and the herdmen of Lot''s cattle: and the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the land.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013008,'And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013009,'Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013010,'And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013011,'Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves the one from the other.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013012,'Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent toward Sodom.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013013,'But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013014,'And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013015,'For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013016,'And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013017,'Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1013018,'Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014001,'And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014002,'That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014003,'All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014004,'Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014005,'And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014006,'And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014007,'And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014008,'And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014009,'With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014010,'And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014011,'And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014012,'And they took Lot, Abram''s brother''s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014013,'And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014014,'And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014015,'And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014016,'And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014017,'And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king''s dale.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014018,'And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014019,'And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014020,'And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014021,'And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014022,'And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014023,'That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1014024,'Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015001,'After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015002,'And Abram said, LORD God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015003,'And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015004,'And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015005,'And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015006,'And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015007,'And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015008,'And he said, LORD God, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015009,'And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015010,'And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015011,'And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015012,'And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015013,'And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not their''s, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015014,'And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015015,'And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015016,'But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015017,'And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015018,'In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015019,'The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015020,'And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1015021,'And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016001,'Now Sarai Abram''s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016002,'And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016003,'And Sarai Abram''s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016004,'And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016005,'And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016006,'But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thine hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016007,'And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016008,'And he said, Hagar, Sarai''s maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016009,'And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016010,'And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016011,'And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016012,'And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man''s hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016013,'And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016014,'Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016015,'And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son''s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1016016,'And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017001,'And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017002,'And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017003,'And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017004,'As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017005,'Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017006,'And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017007,'And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017008,'And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017009,'And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017010,'This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017011,'And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017012,'And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017013,'He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017014,'And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017015,'And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017016,'And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017017,'Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017018,'And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017019,'And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017020,'And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017021,'But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017022,'And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017023,'And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham''s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017024,'And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017025,'And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017026,'In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1017027,'And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018001,'And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018002,'And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018003,'And said, My LORD, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018004,'Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018005,'And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018006,'And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018007,'And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018008,'And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018009,'And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018010,'And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018011,'Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018012,'Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018013,'And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018014,'Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018015,'Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018016,'And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018017,'And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018018,'Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018019,'For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018020,'And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018021,'I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018022,'And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018023,'And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018024,'Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018025,'That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018026,'And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018027,'And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018028,'Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018029,'And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty''s sake.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018030,'And he said unto him, Oh let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018031,'And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty''s sake.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018032,'And he said, Oh let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten''s sake.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1018033,'And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019001,'And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019002,'And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant''s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019003,'And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019004,'But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019005,'And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019006,'And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019007,'And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019008,'Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019009,'And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019010,'But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019011,'And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019012,'And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019013,'For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019014,'And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019015,'And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019016,'And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019017,'And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019018,'And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my LORD:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019019,'Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019020,'Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019021,'And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019022,'Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anything till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019023,'The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019024,'Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019025,'And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019026,'But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019027,'And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the LORD:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019028,'And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019029,'And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019030,'And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019031,'And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019032,'Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019033,'And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019034,'And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019035,'And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019036,'Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019037,'And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1019038,'And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020001,'And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020002,'And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020003,'But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man''s wife.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020004,'But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, LORD, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020005,'Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020006,'And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020007,'Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020008,'Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears: and the men were sore afraid.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020009,'Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020010,'And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What sawest thou, that thou hast done this thing?');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020011,'And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife''s sake.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020012,'And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.');
INSERT INTO t1(docid,words) VALUES(1020013,'And it came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father''s house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother.');