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Overview
Comment:Progress toward decending indices. (CVS 2839)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 112a34b8dcceb39540cb0cd629e264a867400bfb
User & Date: drh 2005-12-21 03:16:43
Context
2005-12-21
14:43
Basic functionality for descending indices is in place. Lots more testing needed. (CVS 2840) check-in: 7064433e user: drh tags: trunk
03:16
Progress toward decending indices. (CVS 2839) check-in: 112a34b8 user: drh tags: trunk
2005-12-20
14:38
Include sqlite3_release_memory() code when SQLITE_MEMDEBUG is not defined. (CVS 2838) check-in: 77a37cec user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/build.c.

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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.358 2005/12/16 01:06:17 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
................................................................................
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  int descSeen = 0;    /* Changes to true if a DESC is seen */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  CollSeq *pCollSeq;               /* Collating sequence for one index column */

  if( pParse->nErr || sqlite3Tsd()->mallocFailed ) goto exit_create_index;

  /*
  ** Find the table that is to be indexed.  Return early if not found.
  */
  if( pTblName!=0 ){
................................................................................
  /* Scan the names of the columns of the table to be indexed and
  ** load the column indices into the Index structure.  Report an error
  ** if any column is not found.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;
    Column *pTabCol;
    int sortOrder;
    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pIndex->keyInfo.aColl[i] );
    if( !db->init.busy && 
        sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pIndex->keyInfo.aColl[i]) 
    ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    sortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder;
    pDb->descIndex |= sortOrder;
    sortOrder &= sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->keyInfo.aSortOrder[i] = sortOrder;
    descSeen |= sortOrder;
  }
  pIndex->keyInfo.nField = pList->nExpr;
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or







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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.359 2005/12/21 03:16:43 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
................................................................................
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  int descSeen = 0;    /* Changes to true if a DESC is seen */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */


  if( pParse->nErr || sqlite3Tsd()->mallocFailed ) goto exit_create_index;

  /*
  ** Find the table that is to be indexed.  Return early if not found.
  */
  if( pTblName!=0 ){
................................................................................
  /* Scan the names of the columns of the table to be indexed and
  ** load the column indices into the Index structure.  Report an error
  ** if any column is not found.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;
    Column *pTabCol;
    int requestedSortOrder;
    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pIndex->keyInfo.aColl[i] );
    if( !db->init.busy && 
        sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pIndex->keyInfo.aColl[i]) 
    ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder;
    pDb->descIndex |= requestedSortOrder;
    requestedSortOrder &= sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->keyInfo.aSortOrder[i] = requestedSortOrder;
    descSeen |= requestedSortOrder;
  }
  pIndex->keyInfo.nField = pList->nExpr;
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or

Changes to src/where.c.

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** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is reponsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.187 2005/12/07 06:27:44 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The number of bits in a Bitmask.  "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
*/
#define BMS  (sizeof(Bitmask)*8)
................................................................................
  Table *pTab,            /* The table to be sorted */
  int base,               /* Cursor number for pTab */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,     /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nEqCol,             /* Number of index columns with == constraints */
  int *pbRev              /* Set to 1 if ORDER BY is DESC */
){
  int i, j;                       /* Loop counters */
  int sortOrder = SQLITE_SO_ASC;  /* Which direction we are sorting */
  int nTerm;                      /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  struct ExprList_item *pTerm;    /* A term of the ORDER BY clause */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  assert( pOrderBy!=0 );
  nTerm = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  assert( nTerm>0 );
................................................................................

  /* Match terms of the ORDER BY clause against columns of
  ** the index.
  */
  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pOrderBy->a; j<nTerm && i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    Expr *pExpr;       /* The expression of the ORDER BY pTerm */
    CollSeq *pColl;    /* The collating sequence of pExpr */


    pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN || pExpr->iTable!=base ){
      /* Can not use an index sort on anything that is not a column in the
      ** left-most table of the FROM clause */
      return 0;
    }
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* If an index column fails to match and is not constrained by ==
        ** then the index cannot satisfy the ORDER BY constraint.
        */
        return 0;
      }
    }




    if( i>nEqCol ){
      if( pTerm->sortOrder!=sortOrder ){
        /* Indices can only be used if all ORDER BY terms past the
        ** equality constraints are all either DESC or ASC. */
        return 0;
      }
    }else{
      sortOrder = pTerm->sortOrder;
    }
    j++;
    pTerm++;
  }

  /* The index can be used for sorting if all terms of the ORDER BY clause
  ** are covered.
  */
  if( j>=nTerm ){
    *pbRev = sortOrder==SQLITE_SO_DESC;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Check table to see if the ORDER BY clause in pOrderBy can be satisfied
................................................................................
      **
      **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
      **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
      **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
      */
      int start;
      int nEq = pLevel->nEq;
      int leFlag=0, geFlag=0;


      int testOp;
      int topLimit = (pLevel->flags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)!=0;
      int btmLimit = (pLevel->flags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0;

      /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
      ** and level the values of those terms on the stack.
      */
................................................................................
      /* Duplicate the equality term values because they will all be
      ** used twice: once to make the termination key and once to make the
      ** start key.
      */
      for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nEq-1, 0);
      }















      /* Generate the termination key.  This is the key value that
      ** will end the search.  There is no termination key if there
      ** are no equality terms and no "X<..." term.
      **
      ** 2002-Dec-04: On a reverse-order scan, the so-called "termination"
      ** key computed here really ends up being the start key.
      */
      if( topLimit ){
        Expr *pX;
        int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        pTerm = findTerm(&wc, iCur, k, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        assert( pTerm!=0 );
        pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        assert( (pTerm->flags & TERM_CODED)==0 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight);
        leFlag = pX->op==TK_LE;
        disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
        testOp = OP_IdxGE;
      }else{
        testOp = nEq>0 ? OP_IdxGE : OP_Noop;
        leFlag = 1;
      }
      if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
        int nCol = nEq + topLimit;
        pLevel->iMem = pParse->nMem++;
        buildIndexProbe(v, nCol, brk, pIdx);
        if( bRev ){
          int op = leFlag ? OP_MoveLe : OP_MoveLt;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, op, iIdxCur, brk);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, pLevel->iMem, 1);
        }
      }else if( bRev ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Last, iIdxCur, brk);
      }
................................................................................
      **
      ** 2002-Dec-04: In the case of a reverse-order search, the so-called
      ** "start" key really ends up being used as the termination key.
      */
      if( btmLimit ){
        Expr *pX;
        int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        pTerm = findTerm(&wc, iCur, k, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        assert( pTerm!=0 );
        pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        assert( (pTerm->flags & TERM_CODED)==0 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight);
        geFlag = pX->op==TK_GE;
        disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
      }else{
        geFlag = 1;
      }
      if( nEq>0 || btmLimit ){
        int nCol = nEq + btmLimit;
        buildIndexProbe(v, nCol, brk, pIdx);
        if( bRev ){
          pLevel->iMem = pParse->nMem++;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, pLevel->iMem, 1);
          testOp = OP_IdxLT;
        }else{
          int op = geFlag ? OP_MoveGe : OP_MoveGt;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, op, iIdxCur, brk);
        }
      }else if( bRev ){
        testOp = OP_Noop;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, brk);
      }
................................................................................
      ** key we have to test for that key and abort at the top of the
      ** loop.
      */
      start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, pLevel->iMem, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, testOp, iIdxCur, brk);
        if( (leFlag && !bRev) || (!geFlag && bRev) ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, "+", P3_STATIC);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_RowKey, iIdxCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxIsNull, nEq + topLimit, cont);
      if( !omitTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, 0);







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** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is reponsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.188 2005/12/21 03:16:43 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The number of bits in a Bitmask.  "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
*/
#define BMS  (sizeof(Bitmask)*8)
................................................................................
  Table *pTab,            /* The table to be sorted */
  int base,               /* Cursor number for pTab */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,     /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nEqCol,             /* Number of index columns with == constraints */
  int *pbRev              /* Set to 1 if ORDER BY is DESC */
){
  int i, j;                       /* Loop counters */
  int sortOrder = 0;              /* XOR of index and ORDER BY sort direction */
  int nTerm;                      /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  struct ExprList_item *pTerm;    /* A term of the ORDER BY clause */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  assert( pOrderBy!=0 );
  nTerm = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  assert( nTerm>0 );
................................................................................

  /* Match terms of the ORDER BY clause against columns of
  ** the index.
  */
  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pOrderBy->a; j<nTerm && i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    Expr *pExpr;       /* The expression of the ORDER BY pTerm */
    CollSeq *pColl;    /* The collating sequence of pExpr */
    int termSortOrder; /* Sort order for this term */

    pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN || pExpr->iTable!=base ){
      /* Can not use an index sort on anything that is not a column in the
      ** left-most table of the FROM clause */
      return 0;
    }
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* If an index column fails to match and is not constrained by ==
        ** then the index cannot satisfy the ORDER BY constraint.
        */
        return 0;
      }
    }
    assert( pIdx->keyInfo.aSortOrder!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->sortOrder==0 || pTerm->sortOrder==1 );
    assert( pIdx->keyInfo.aSortOrder[i]==0 || pIdx->keyInfo.aSortOrder[i]==1 );
    termSortOrder = pIdx->keyInfo.aSortOrder[i] ^ pTerm->sortOrder;
    if( i>nEqCol ){
      if( termSortOrder!=sortOrder ){
        /* Indices can only be used if all ORDER BY terms past the
        ** equality constraints are all either DESC or ASC. */
        return 0;
      }
    }else{
      sortOrder = termSortOrder;
    }
    j++;
    pTerm++;
  }

  /* The index can be used for sorting if all terms of the ORDER BY clause
  ** are covered.
  */
  if( j>=nTerm ){
    *pbRev = sortOrder!=0;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Check table to see if the ORDER BY clause in pOrderBy can be satisfied
................................................................................
      **
      **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
      **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
      **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
      */
      int start;
      int nEq = pLevel->nEq;
      int topEq=0;        /* True if top limit uses ==. False is strictly < */
      int btmEq=0;        /* True if btm limit uses ==. False if strictly > */
      int topOp, btmOp;   /* Operators for the top and bottom search bounds */
      int testOp;
      int topLimit = (pLevel->flags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)!=0;
      int btmLimit = (pLevel->flags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0;

      /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
      ** and level the values of those terms on the stack.
      */
................................................................................
      /* Duplicate the equality term values because they will all be
      ** used twice: once to make the termination key and once to make the
      ** start key.
      */
      for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nEq-1, 0);
      }

      /* Figure out what comparison operators to use for top and bottom 
      ** search bounds. For an ascending index, the bottom bound is a > or >=
      ** operator and the top bound is a < or <= operator.  For a descending
      ** index the operators are reversed.
      */
      if( pIdx->keyInfo.aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC ){
        topOp = WO_LT|WO_LE;
        btmOp = WO_GT|WO_GE;
      }else{
        topOp = WO_GT|WO_GE;
        btmOp = WO_LT|WO_LE;
        SWAP(int, topLimit, btmLimit);
      }

      /* Generate the termination key.  This is the key value that
      ** will end the search.  There is no termination key if there
      ** are no equality terms and no "X<..." term.
      **
      ** 2002-Dec-04: On a reverse-order scan, the so-called "termination"
      ** key computed here really ends up being the start key.
      */
      if( topLimit ){
        Expr *pX;
        int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        pTerm = findTerm(&wc, iCur, k, notReady, topOp, pIdx);
        assert( pTerm!=0 );
        pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        assert( (pTerm->flags & TERM_CODED)==0 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight);
        topEq = pTerm->operator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
        disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
        testOp = OP_IdxGE;
      }else{
        testOp = nEq>0 ? OP_IdxGE : OP_Noop;
        topEq = 1;
      }
      if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
        int nCol = nEq + topLimit;
        pLevel->iMem = pParse->nMem++;
        buildIndexProbe(v, nCol, brk, pIdx);
        if( bRev ){
          int op = topEq ? OP_MoveLe : OP_MoveLt;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, op, iIdxCur, brk);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, pLevel->iMem, 1);
        }
      }else if( bRev ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Last, iIdxCur, brk);
      }
................................................................................
      **
      ** 2002-Dec-04: In the case of a reverse-order search, the so-called
      ** "start" key really ends up being used as the termination key.
      */
      if( btmLimit ){
        Expr *pX;
        int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        pTerm = findTerm(&wc, iCur, k, notReady, btmOp, pIdx);
        assert( pTerm!=0 );
        pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        assert( (pTerm->flags & TERM_CODED)==0 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight);
        btmEq = pTerm->operator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
        disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
      }else{
        btmEq = 1;
      }
      if( nEq>0 || btmLimit ){
        int nCol = nEq + btmLimit;
        buildIndexProbe(v, nCol, brk, pIdx);
        if( bRev ){
          pLevel->iMem = pParse->nMem++;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, pLevel->iMem, 1);
          testOp = OP_IdxLT;
        }else{
          int op = btmEq ? OP_MoveGe : OP_MoveGt;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, op, iIdxCur, brk);
        }
      }else if( bRev ){
        testOp = OP_Noop;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, brk);
      }
................................................................................
      ** key we have to test for that key and abort at the top of the
      ** loop.
      */
      start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, pLevel->iMem, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, testOp, iIdxCur, brk);
        if( (topEq && !bRev) || (!btmEq && bRev) ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, "+", P3_STATIC);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_RowKey, iIdxCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxIsNull, nEq + topLimit, cont);
      if( !omitTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, 0);