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Overview
Comment:Merge latest enhancements, including the SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR patch, from trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | apple-osx
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:10aaf3b148404df7912d9604ccb6921173e7ac80
User & Date: drh 2014-10-27 18:42:03
Context
2014-10-31
15:20
Merge all recent trunk enhancements into the apple-osx branch. check-in: fef8430f user: drh tags: apple-osx
2014-10-27
18:42
Merge latest enhancements, including the SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR patch, from trunk. check-in: 10aaf3b1 user: drh tags: apple-osx
18:34
Add the SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR compile-time option for extra API parameter validation. Enhance sqlite3_stricmp(), sqlite3_strnicmp(), and sqlite3_uri_parameter() for improved NULL parameter handling. check-in: ffb9d814 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-10-17
12:11
Merge the 3.8.7 changes into the apple-osx branch. check-in: aa7bbed1 user: drh tags: apple-osx
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree6.test.

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  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}
do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}







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  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}
do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}

Changes to src/analyze.c.

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        nRow = pFinal->anLt[iCol];
        nDist100 = (i64)100 * pFinal->anDLt[iCol];
        nSample--;
      }else{
        nRow = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
        nDist100 = ((i64)100 * pIdx->aiRowEst[0]) / pIdx->aiRowEst[iCol+1];
      }


      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
      ** occur in the stat4 table for this index. Set sumEq to the sum of 
      ** the nEq values for column iCol for the same set (adding the value 
      ** only once where there exist duplicate prefixes).  */
      for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
        if( i==(pIdx->nSample-1)
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat4(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);







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        nRow = pFinal->anLt[iCol];
        nDist100 = (i64)100 * pFinal->anDLt[iCol];
        nSample--;
      }else{
        nRow = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
        nDist100 = ((i64)100 * pIdx->aiRowEst[0]) / pIdx->aiRowEst[iCol+1];
      }
      pIdx->nRowEst0 = nRow;

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
      ** occur in the stat4 table for this index. Set sumEq to the sum of 
      ** the nEq values for column iCol for the same set (adding the value 
      ** only once where there exist duplicate prefixes).  */
      for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
        if( i==(pIdx->nSample-1)
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat34) ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat4(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);

Changes to src/auth.c.

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** setting of the auth function is NULL.
*/
int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pArg
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xAuth = (sqlite3_xauth)xAuth;
  db->pAuthArg = pArg;
  sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}







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** setting of the auth function is NULL.
*/
int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pArg
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xAuth = (sqlite3_xauth)xAuth;
  db->pAuthArg = pArg;
  sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to src/backup.c.

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sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3* pDestDb,                     /* Database to write to */
  const char *zDestDb,                  /* Name of database within pDestDb */
  sqlite3* pSrcDb,                      /* Database connection to read from */
  const char *zSrcDb                    /* Name of database within pSrcDb */
){
  sqlite3_backup *p;                    /* Value to return */








  /* Lock the source database handle. The destination database
  ** handle is not locked in this routine, but it is locked in
  ** sqlite3_backup_step(). The user is required to ensure that no
  ** other thread accesses the destination handle for the duration
  ** of the backup operation.  Any attempt to use the destination
  ** database connection while a backup is in progress may cause
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage){
  int rc;
  int destMode;       /* Destination journal mode */
  int pgszSrc = 0;    /* Source page size */
  int pgszDest = 0;   /* Destination page size */




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  rc = p->rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of pages still to be backed up as of the most recent
** call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p){






  return p->nRemaining;
}

/*
** Return the total number of pages in the source database as of the most 
** recent call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p){






  return p->nPagecount;
}

/*
** This function is called after the contents of page iPage of the
** source database have been modified. If page iPage has already been 
** copied into the destination database, then the data written to the







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sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3* pDestDb,                     /* Database to write to */
  const char *zDestDb,                  /* Name of database within pDestDb */
  sqlite3* pSrcDb,                      /* Database connection to read from */
  const char *zSrcDb                    /* Name of database within pSrcDb */
){
  sqlite3_backup *p;                    /* Value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pSrcDb)||!sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pDestDb) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif

  /* Lock the source database handle. The destination database
  ** handle is not locked in this routine, but it is locked in
  ** sqlite3_backup_step(). The user is required to ensure that no
  ** other thread accesses the destination handle for the duration
  ** of the backup operation.  Any attempt to use the destination
  ** database connection while a backup is in progress may cause
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage){
  int rc;
  int destMode;       /* Destination journal mode */
  int pgszSrc = 0;    /* Source page size */
  int pgszDest = 0;   /* Destination page size */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  rc = p->rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of pages still to be backed up as of the most recent
** call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return p->nRemaining;
}

/*
** Return the total number of pages in the source database as of the most 
** recent call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return p->nPagecount;
}

/*
** This function is called after the contents of page iPage of the
** source database have been modified. If page iPage has already been 
** copied into the destination database, then the data written to the

Changes to src/btree.c.

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  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int cbrk;                  /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */

  int iCellFirst;            /* First allowable cell index */
  int iCellLast;             /* Last possible cell index */


  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  cbrk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&temp[cbrk], &data[cbrk], usableSize - cbrk);
  cbrk = usableSize;
  iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*nCell;
  iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
................................................................................
    ** if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK is defined 
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &temp[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#else
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
    memcpy(&data[cbrk], &temp[pc], size);
    put2byte(pAddr, cbrk);









  }
  assert( cbrk>=iCellFirst );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cbrk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  memset(&data[iCellFirst], 0, cbrk-iCellFirst);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( cbrk-iCellFirst!=pPage->nFree ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



























































/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
** of the first byte of allocated space. Return either SQLITE_OK or
** an error code (usually SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**
................................................................................
*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte, int *pIdx){
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;    /* Local cache of pPage->hdrOffset */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;      /* Local cache of pPage->aData */
  int top;                             /* First byte of cell content area */
  int gap;        /* First byte of gap between cell pointers and cell content */
  int rc;         /* Integer return code */
  int usableSize; /* Usable size of the page */
  
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  assert( nByte < usableSize-8 );

  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 ){
................................................................................
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
      int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
      if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<addr+4 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( size>=nByte ){
        int x = size - nByte;
        testcase( x==4 );
        testcase( x==3 );
        if( x<4 ){
          if( data[hdr+7]>=60 ) goto defragment_page;
          /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
          ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
          memcpy(&data[addr], &data[pc], 2);
          data[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
        }else if( size+pc > usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }else{
          /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
          ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
          put2byte(&data[pc+2], x);
        }

        *pIdx = pc + x;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
defragment_page:
    testcase( pPage->nCell==0 );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( iStart>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+pPage->childPtrSize );
  assert( iEnd <= pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iSize>=4 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( iStart<=iLast );

  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the secure_delete
  ** option is enabled */
  if( pPage->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** Add a list of cells to a page.  The page should be initially empty.
** The cells are guaranteed to fit on the page.









*/
static void assemblePage(
  MemPage *pPage,   /* The page to be assembled */
  int nCell,        /* The number of cells to add to this page */


  u8 **apCell,      /* Pointers to cell bodies */
  u16 *aSize        /* Sizes of the cells */

){
  int i;            /* Loop counter */
  u8 *pCellptr;     /* Address of next cell pointer */
  int cellbody;     /* Address of next cell body */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;             /* Pointer to data for pPage */
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;           /* Offset of header on pPage */
  const int nUsable = pPage->pBt->usableSize; /* Usable size of page */



























  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nCell>=0 && nCell<=(int)MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)
            && (int)MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Check that the page has just been zeroed by zeroPage() */
  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5])==nUsable );





  pCellptr = &pPage->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  cellbody = nUsable;
  for(i=nCell-1; i>=0; i--){
    u16 sz = aSize[i];


















































    pCellptr -= 2;



































    cellbody -= sz;





























    put2byte(pCellptr, cellbody);
    memcpy(&data[cellbody], apCell[i], sz);



  }
  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], nCell);
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cellbody);
  pPage->nFree -= (nCell*2 + nUsable - cellbody);























































  pPage->nCell = (u16)nCell;




















}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);


    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
    ** That is Ok, at this point the parent page is guaranteed to
................................................................................
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apCopy[NB];         /* Private copies of apOld[] pages */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */

  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */





  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  k = pBt->pageSize + ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage));
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize                               /* aSpace1 */
     + k*nOld;                                     /* Page copies (apCopy) */
  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[] and remove the divider cells
  ** from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
................................................................................
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    
    /* Before doing anything else, take a copy of the i'th original sibling
    ** The rest of this function will use data from the copies rather
    ** that the original pages since the original pages will be in the
    ** process of being overwritten.  */
    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[i] = (MemPage*)&aSpace1[pBt->pageSize + k*i];
    memcpy(pOld, apOld[i], sizeof(MemPage));
    pOld->aData = (void*)&pOld[1];
    memcpy(pOld->aData, apOld[i]->aData, pBt->pageSize);

    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
................................................................................
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
        nCell++;
      }
    }       

    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
................................................................................
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;
    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i];
      cntNew[k] = i;
      if( leafData ){ i--; }
      subtotal = 0;
      k++;
      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  ** file is corrupt.  The corruption will be detected and reported later
  ** in this procedure so there is no need to act upon it now.
  */
#if 0
  assert( cntNew[0]>0 || (pParent->pgno==1 && pParent->nCell==0) );
#endif

  TRACE(("BALANCE: old: %d %d %d  ",
    apOld[0]->pgno, 
    nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->pgno : 0,
    nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->pgno : 0
  ));

  /*
  ** Allocate k new pages.  Reuse old pages where possible.
  */
  if( apOld[0]->pgno<=1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      nNew++;
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;

      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;


      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  while( i<nOld ){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
    apOld[i] = 0;
    i++;
  }

  /*
  ** Put the new pages in ascending order.  This helps to

  ** keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
  ** of the table is a linear scan through the file.  That
  ** in turn helps the operating system to deliver pages
  ** from the disk more rapidly.
  **
  ** An O(n^2) insertion sort algorithm is used, but since
  ** n is never more than NB (a small constant), that should
  ** not be a problem.
  **
  ** When NB==3, this one optimization makes the database
  ** about 25% faster for large insertions and deletions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<k-1; i++){
    int minV = apNew[i]->pgno;
    int minI = i;
    for(j=i+1; j<k; j++){














      if( apNew[j]->pgno<(unsigned)minV ){
        minI = j;
        minV = apNew[j]->pgno;


      }





    }
    if( minI>i ){
      MemPage *pT;

      pT = apNew[i];
      apNew[i] = apNew[minI];
      apNew[minI] = pT;
    }
  }
  TRACE(("new: %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d)\n",



    apNew[0]->pgno, szNew[0],
    nNew>=2 ? apNew[1]->pgno : 0, nNew>=2 ? szNew[1] : 0,

    nNew>=3 ? apNew[2]->pgno : 0, nNew>=3 ? szNew[2] : 0,

    nNew>=4 ? apNew[3]->pgno : 0, nNew>=4 ? szNew[3] : 0,

    nNew>=5 ? apNew[4]->pgno : 0, nNew>=5 ? szNew[4] : 0));



  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  put4byte(pRight, apNew[nNew-1]->pgno);













  /*
  ** Evenly distribute the data in apCell[] across the new pages.
  ** Insert divider cells into pParent as necessary.










  */
  j = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    /* Assemble the new sibling page. */

    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
    assemblePage(pNew, cntNew[i]-j, &apCell[j], &szCell[j]);
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 || (nNew==1 && cntNew[0]==0) );

    assert( pNew->nOverflow==0 );











    j = cntNew[i];



    /* If the sibling page assembled above was not the right-most sibling,
    ** insert a divider cell into the parent page.
    */
    assert( i<nNew-1 || j==nCell );
    if( j<nCell ){




















      u8 *pCell;
      u8 *pTemp;
      int sz;



      assert( j<nMaxCells );
      pCell = apCell[j];
      sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
      pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
      if( !pNew->leaf ){
        memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
      }else if( leafData ){
        /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
        ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
        ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
        ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
        */
        CellInfo info;
        j--;
        btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
        pCell = pTemp;
        sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
        pTemp = 0;
      }else{
        pCell -= 4;
        /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
        ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
        ** bytes, then it may actually be smaller than this 
        ** (see btreeParseCellPtr(), 4 bytes is the minimum size of
        ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
        ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
        **
        ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
        ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
        ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
        */
        if( szCell[j]==4 ){
          assert(leafCorrection==4);
          sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
        }
      }
      iOvflSpace += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      insertCell(pParent, nxDiv, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
      assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

      j++;
      nxDiv++;
    }























  }
  assert( j==nCell );


















  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 ){
    u8 *zChild = &apCopy[nOld-1]->aData[8];
    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], zChild, 4);
  }

  if( isRoot && pParent->nCell==0 && pParent->hdrOffset<=apNew[0]->nFree ){
    /* The root page of the b-tree now contains no cells. The only sibling
    ** page is the right-child of the parent. Copy the contents of the
    ** child page into the parent, decreasing the overall height of the
    ** b-tree structure by one. This is described as the "balance-shallower"
    ** sub-algorithm in some documentation.
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** The second assert below verifies that the child page is defragmented
    ** (it must be, as it was just reconstructed using assemblePage()). This
    ** is important if the parent page happens to be page 1 of the database
    ** image.  */
    assert( nNew==1 );


    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2) 
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
    freePage(apNew[0], &rc);

  }else if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    /* Fix the pointer-map entries for all the cells that were shifted around. 
    ** There are several different types of pointer-map entries that need to
    ** be dealt with by this routine. Some of these have been set already, but
    ** many have not. The following is a summary:
    **
    **   1) The entries associated with new sibling pages that were not
    **      siblings when this function was called. These have already
    **      been set. We don't need to worry about old siblings that were
    **      moved to the free-list - the freePage() code has taken care
    **      of those.
    **
    **   2) The pointer-map entries associated with the first overflow
    **      page in any overflow chains used by new divider cells. These 
    **      have also already been taken care of by the insertCell() code.
    **
    **   3) If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the child pages of
    **      cells stored on the sibling pages may need to be updated.
    **
    **   4) If the sibling pages are not internal intkey nodes, then any
    **      overflow pages used by these cells may need to be updated
    **      (internal intkey nodes never contain pointers to overflow pages).
    **
    **   5) If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the pointer-map
    **      entries for the right-child pages of each sibling may need
    **      to be updated.
    **
    ** Cases 1 and 2 are dealt with above by other code. The next
    ** block deals with cases 3 and 4 and the one after that, case 5. Since
    ** setting a pointer map entry is a relatively expensive operation, this
    ** code only sets pointer map entries for child or overflow pages that have
    ** actually moved between pages.  */
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[0];
    int nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
    int iNextOld = pOld->nCell + nOverflow;
    int iOverflow = (nOverflow ? pOld->aiOvfl[0] : -1);
    j = 0;                             /* Current 'old' sibling page */
    k = 0;                             /* Current 'new' sibling page */


    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int isDivider = 0;
      while( i==iNextOld ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on old
        ** sibling page j. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i was a divider cell. */
        assert( j+1 < ArraySize(apCopy) );
        assert( j+1 < nOld );
        pOld = apCopy[++j];
        iNextOld = i + !leafData + pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow;
        if( pOld->nOverflow ){
          nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
          iOverflow = i + !leafData + pOld->aiOvfl[0];


        }
        isDivider = !leafData;  
      }

      assert(nOverflow>0 || iOverflow<i );
      assert(nOverflow<2 || pOld->aiOvfl[0]==pOld->aiOvfl[1]-1);
      assert(nOverflow<3 || pOld->aiOvfl[1]==pOld->aiOvfl[2]-1);
      if( i==iOverflow ){
        isDivider = 1;
        if( (--nOverflow)>0 ){
          iOverflow++;
        }
      }

      if( i==cntNew[k] ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on new
        ** sibling page k. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i is a divider cell.  */
        pNew = apNew[++k];
        if( !leafData ) continue;
      }
      assert( j<nOld );
      assert( k<nNew );



      /* If the cell was originally divider cell (and is not now) or
      ** an overflow cell, or if the cell was located on a different sibling
      ** page before the balancing, then the pointer map entries associated
      ** with any child or overflow pages need to be updated.  */
      if( isDivider || pOld->pgno!=pNew->pgno ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(apCell[i]), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);




        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, apCell[i], &rc);
        }
      }
    }

    if( !leafCorrection ){
      for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
        u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
        ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
      }
    }

#if 0

    /* The ptrmapCheckPages() contains assert() statements that verify that
    ** all pointer map pages are set correctly. This is helpful while 
    ** debugging. This is usually disabled because a corrupt database may
    ** cause an assert() statement to fail.  */
    ptrmapCheckPages(apNew, nNew);
    ptrmapCheckPages(&pParent, 1);
#endif
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));


  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){







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7158
  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int cbrk;                  /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */
  unsigned char *src;        /* Source of content */
  int iCellFirst;            /* First allowable cell index */
  int iCellLast;             /* Last possible cell index */


  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = 0;
  src = data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;


  cbrk = usableSize;
  iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*nCell;
  iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
................................................................................
    ** if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK is defined 
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#else
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );

    put2byte(pAddr, cbrk);
    if( temp==0 ){
      int x;
      if( cbrk==pc ) continue;
      temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
      x = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
      memcpy(&temp[x], &data[x], (cbrk+size) - x);
      src = temp;
    }
    memcpy(&data[cbrk], &src[pc], size);
  }
  assert( cbrk>=iCellFirst );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cbrk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  memset(&data[iCellFirst], 0, cbrk-iCellFirst);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( cbrk-iCellFirst!=pPage->nFree ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Search the free-list on page pPg for space to store a cell nByte bytes in
** size. If one can be found, return a pointer to the space and remove it
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg. If it does and argument 
** pRc is non-NULL, then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
** Or, if corruption is detected and pRc is NULL, NULL is returned and the
** corruption goes unreported.
**
** If a slot of at least nByte bytes is found but cannot be used because 
** there are already at least 60 fragmented bytes on the page, return NULL.
** In this case, if pbDefrag parameter is not NULL, set *pbDefrag to true.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc, int *pbDefrag){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr;
  int pc;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;

  for(iAddr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]))>0; iAddr=pc){
    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);
    if( size>=nByte ){
      int x = size - nByte;
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );
      if( x<4 ){
        if( aData[hdr+7]>=60 ){
          if( pbDefrag ) *pbDefrag = 1;
          return 0;
        }
        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
      }else if( size+pc > usableSize ){
        if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
** of the first byte of allocated space. Return either SQLITE_OK or
** an error code (usually SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**
................................................................................
*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte, int *pIdx){
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;    /* Local cache of pPage->hdrOffset */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;      /* Local cache of pPage->aData */
  int top;                             /* First byte of cell content area */
  int gap;        /* First byte of gap between cell pointers and cell content */
  int rc;         /* Integer return code */

  
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( nByte < pPage->pBt->usableSize-8 );


  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 ){
................................................................................
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    int bDefrag = 0;
    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc, &bDefrag);
    if( rc ) return rc;








    if( bDefrag ) goto defragment_page;











    if( pSpace ){
      *pIdx = pSpace - data;
      return SQLITE_OK;

    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
 defragment_page:
    testcase( pPage->nCell==0 );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( iStart>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+pPage->childPtrSize );
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || iEnd <= pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iSize>=4 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( iStart<=iLast );

  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the secure_delete
  ** option is enabled */
  if( pPage->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void rebuildPage(


  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */

  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){






  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
  const int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[usableSize];
  int i;
  u8 *pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  u8 *pData;

  i = get2byte(&aData[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&pTmp[i], &aData[i], usableSize - i);

  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
    assert( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg, pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;








  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;
}





/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
** is returned. Otherwise, if the cells are added successfully, zero is
** returned.
**
** Argument pCellptr points to the first entry in the cell-pointer array
** (part of page pPg) to populate. After cell apCell[0] is written to the
** page body, a 16-bit offset is written to pCellptr. And so on, for each
** cell in the array. It is the responsibility of the caller to ensure
** that it is safe to overwrite this part of the cell-pointer array.
**
** When this function is called, *ppData points to the start of the 
** content area on page pPg. If the size of the content area is extended,
** *ppData is updated to point to the new start of the content area
** before returning.
**
** Finally, argument pBegin points to the byte immediately following the
** end of the space required by this page for the cell-pointer area (for
** all cells - not just those inserted by the current call). If the content
** area must be extended to before this point in order to accomodate all
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  const int bFreelist = aData[1] || aData[2];
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    int sz = szCell[i];
    u8 *pSlot;
    if( bFreelist==0 || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg, sz, 0, 0))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell 
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function adds the
** space associated with each cell in the array that is currently stored 
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;
  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz = szCell[i];
      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ) freeSpace(pPg, pFree - aData, szFree);
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
        if( pFree+sz>pEnd ) return 0;
      }else{
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree += sz;
      }
      nRet++;
    }
  }
  if( pFree ) freeSpace(pPg, pFree - aData, szFree);
  return nRet;
}

/*
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;

  int i;
  int iOldEnd = iOld + pPg->nCell + pPg->nOverflow;
  int iNewEnd = iNew + nNew;




#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iNew-iOld, &apCell[iOld], &szCell[iOld]
    );
    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iOldEnd-iNewEnd, &apCell[iNewEnd], &szCell[iNewEnd]
    );
  }

  pData = &aData[get2byte(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = iOld-iNew;
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          nAdd, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      u8 *pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            1, &apCell[iCell + iNew], &szCell[iCell + iNew]
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        nNew-nCell, &apCell[iNew+nCell], &szCell[iNew+nCell]
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byte(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff], szCell[i+iNew]) );
  }
#endif

  return;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]);
}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
    ** That is Ok, at this point the parent page is guaranteed to
................................................................................
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */

  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in aCell[] after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */

  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));
  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */

  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */

     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */
  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
................................................................................
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;





    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];




    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
................................................................................
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
        nCell++;
      }
    }       
    cntOld[i] = nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
................................................................................
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;
    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i] - 2;
      cntNew[k] = i;
      if( leafData ){ i--; }
      subtotal = 0;
      k++;
      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  ** file is corrupt.  The corruption will be detected and reported later
  ** in this procedure so there is no need to act upon it now.
  */
#if 0
  assert( cntNew[0]>0 || (pParent->pgno==1 && pParent->nCell==0) );
#endif

  TRACE(("BALANCE: old: %d(nc=%d) %d(nc=%d) %d(nc=%d)\n",
    apOld[0]->pgno, apOld[0]->nCell,
    nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->pgno : 0, nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->nCell : 0,
    nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->pgno : 0, nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->nCell : 0
  ));

  /*
  ** Allocate k new pages.  Reuse old pages where possible.
  */
  if( apOld[0]->pgno<=1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      nNew++;
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }











  /*

  ** Reassign page numbers so that the new pages are in ascending order. 
  ** This helps to keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
  ** of the table is closer to a linear scan through the file. That in turn 
  ** helps the operating system to deliver pages from the disk more rapidly.

  **
  ** An O(n^2) insertion sort algorithm is used, but since n is never more 
  ** than (NB+2) (a small constant), that should not be a problem.

  **
  ** When NB==3, this one optimization makes the database about 25% faster 
  ** for large insertions and deletions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    aPgno[i] = apNew[i]->pgno;


    aPgFlags[i] = apNew[i]->pDbPage->flags;
    for(j=0; j<i; j++){
      if( aPgno[j]==aPgno[i] ){
        /* This branch is taken if the set of sibling pages somehow contains
        ** duplicate entries. This can happen if the database is corrupt. 
        ** It would be simpler to detect this as part of the loop below, but
        ** in order to avoid populating the pager cache with two separate
        ** objects associated with the same page number.  */
        assert( CORRUPT_DB );
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto balance_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    int iBest = 0;                /* aPgno[] index of page number to use */
    Pgno pgno;                    /* Page number to use */
    for(j=1; j<nNew; j++){
      if( aPgno[j]<aPgno[iBest] ) iBest = j;
    }
    pgno = aPgno[iBest];
    aPgno[iBest] = 0xffffffff;
    if( iBest!=i ){
      if( iBest>i ){
        sqlite3PagerRekey(apNew[iBest]->pDbPage, pBt->nPage+iBest+1, 0);
      }


      sqlite3PagerRekey(apNew[i]->pDbPage, pgno, aPgFlags[iBest]);
      apNew[i]->pgno = pgno;


    }
  }


  TRACE(("BALANCE: new: %d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d) "
         "%d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d)\n",
    apNew[0]->pgno, szNew[0], cntNew[0],
    nNew>=2 ? apNew[1]->pgno : 0, nNew>=2 ? szNew[1] : 0,
    nNew>=2 ? cntNew[1] - cntNew[0] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=3 ? apNew[2]->pgno : 0, nNew>=3 ? szNew[2] : 0,
    nNew>=3 ? cntNew[2] - cntNew[1] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=4 ? apNew[3]->pgno : 0, nNew>=4 ? szNew[3] : 0,
    nNew>=4 ? cntNew[3] - cntNew[2] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=5 ? apNew[4]->pgno : 0, nNew>=5 ? szNew[4] : 0,
    nNew>=5 ? cntNew[4] - cntNew[3] - !leafData : 0
  ));

  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  put4byte(pRight, apNew[nNew-1]->pgno);

  /* If the sibling pages are not leaves, ensure that the right-child pointer
  ** of the right-most new sibling page is set to the value that was 
  ** originally in the same field of the right-most old sibling page. */
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 && nOld!=nNew ){
    MemPage *pOld = (nNew>nOld ? apNew : apOld)[nOld-1];
    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
  }

  /* Make any required updates to pointer map entries associated with 
  ** cells stored on sibling pages following the balance operation. Pointer
  ** map entries associated with divider cells are set by the insertCell()
  ** routine. The associated pointer map entries are:
  **


  **   a) if the cell contains a reference to an overflow chain, the
  **      entry associated with the first page in the overflow chain, and
  **
  **   b) if the sibling pages are not leaves, the child page associated
  **      with the cell.
  **
  ** If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the pointer map entry 
  ** associated with the right-child of each sibling may also need to be 
  ** updated. This happens below, after the sibling pages have been 
  ** populated, not here.
  */



  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];




    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
        if( !leafData ) continue;
      }






      /* Cell pCell is destined for new sibling page pNew. Originally, it
      ** was either part of sibling page iOld (possibly an overflow page), 
      ** or else the divider cell to the left of sibling page iOld. So,
      ** if sibling page iOld had the same page number as pNew, and if
      ** pCell really was a part of sibling page iOld (not a divider or
      ** overflow cell), we can skip updating the pointer map entries.  */
      if( pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld] || pCell<aOld || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize] ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    pCell = apCell[j];
    sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
      ** bytes, then it may actually be smaller than this 
      ** (see btreeParseCellPtr(), 4 bytes is the minimum size of
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  }



  /* Now update the actual sibling pages. The order in which they are updated
  ** is important, as this code needs to avoid disrupting any page from which
  ** cells may still to be read. In practice, this means:
  **
  **   1) If cells are to be removed from the start of the page and shifted
  **      to the left-hand sibling, it is not safe to update the page until 
  **      the left-hand sibling (apNew[i-1]) has already been updated.
  **
  **   2) If cells are to be removed from the end of the page and shifted
  **      to the right-hand sibling, it is not safe to update the page until 
  **      the right-hand sibling (apNew[i+1]) has already been updated.
  **
  ** If neither of the above apply, the page is safe to update.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew*2; i++){
    int iPg = (i>=nNew ? i-nNew : nNew-1-i);
    if( abDone[iPg]==0 
     && (iPg==0 || cntOld[iPg-1]>=cntNew[iPg-1] || abDone[iPg-1])
     && (cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1])
    ){
      int iNew;
      int iOld;
      int nNewCell;


      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, apCell, szCell);
      abDone[iPg] = 1;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }
  assert( memcmp(abDone, "\01\01\01\01\01", nNew)==0 );

  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );





  if( isRoot && pParent->nCell==0 && pParent->hdrOffset<=apNew[0]->nFree ){
    /* The root page of the b-tree now contains no cells. The only sibling
    ** page is the right-child of the parent. Copy the contents of the
    ** child page into the parent, decreasing the overall height of the
    ** b-tree structure by one. This is described as the "balance-shallower"
    ** sub-algorithm in some documentation.
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** The second assert below verifies that the child page is defragmented
    ** (it must be, as it was just reconstructed using assemblePage()). This
    ** is important if the parent page happens to be page 1 of the database
    ** image.  */
    assert( nNew==1 );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
          (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      );
      copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
      freePage(apNew[0], &rc);
    }
  }else if( ISAUTOVACUUM && !leafCorrection ){











    /* Fix the pointer map entries associated with the right-child of each


























    ** sibling page. All other pointer map entries have already been taken
    ** care of.  */
    for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){












      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }

  }


















  assert( pParent->isInit );

  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));








  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }













#if 0
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM && rc==SQLITE_OK && apNew[0]->isInit ){
    /* The ptrmapCheckPages() contains assert() statements that verify that
    ** all pointer map pages are set correctly. This is helpful while 
    ** debugging. This is usually disabled because a corrupt database may
    ** cause an assert() statement to fail.  */
    ptrmapCheckPages(apNew, nNew);
    ptrmapCheckPages(&pParent, 1);

  }




#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){

Changes to src/build.c.

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** auxiliary databases added using the ATTACH command.
**
** See also sqlite3LocateTable().
*/
Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, const char *zDatabase){
  Table *p = 0;
  int i;
  assert( zName!=0 );





  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDatabase!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;







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** auxiliary databases added using the ATTACH command.
**
** See also sqlite3LocateTable().
*/
Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, const char *zDatabase){
  Table *p = 0;
  int i;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return 0;
#endif

  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDatabase!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;

Changes to src/complete.c.

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** If we compile with SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER, all of the computation needed
** to recognize the end of a trigger can be omitted.  All we have to do
** is look for a semicolon that is not part of an string or comment.
*/
int sqlite3_complete(const char *zSql){
  u8 state = 0;   /* Current state, using numbers defined in header comment */
  u8 token;       /* Value of the next token */








#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  /* A complex statement machine used to detect the end of a CREATE TRIGGER
  ** statement.  This is the normal case.
  */
  static const u8 trans[8][8] = {
                     /* Token:                                                */







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** If we compile with SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER, all of the computation needed
** to recognize the end of a trigger can be omitted.  All we have to do
** is look for a semicolon that is not part of an string or comment.
*/
int sqlite3_complete(const char *zSql){
  u8 state = 0;   /* Current state, using numbers defined in header comment */
  u8 token;       /* Value of the next token */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zSql==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  /* A complex statement machine used to detect the end of a CREATE TRIGGER
  ** statement.  This is the normal case.
  */
  static const u8 trans[8][8] = {
                     /* Token:                                                */

Changes to src/ctime.c.

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...
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  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
  "ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
  "ENABLE_CEROD",
#endif
................................................................................
** was used and false if not.
**
** The name can optionally begin with "SQLITE_" but the "SQLITE_" prefix
** is not required for a match.
*/
int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName){
  int i, n;







  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0







>
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  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  "ENABLE_API_ARMOR",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
  "ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
  "ENABLE_CEROD",
#endif
................................................................................
** was used and false if not.
**
** The name can optionally begin with "SQLITE_" but the "SQLITE_" prefix
** is not required for a match.
*/
int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName){
  int i, n;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMORE
  if( zOptName==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0

Changes to src/expr.c.

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    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
** to an integer.  These routines are checking an expression to see
** if it is a constant.  Set *Walker.u.i to 0 if the expression is
** not constant.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->u.i==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->u.i==2

**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->u.i==3 or 4
**



** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.u.i value is 4 when parsing
** an existing schema and 3 when processing a new statement.  A bound
** parameter raises an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->u.i==3 or 4 or the function as the SQLITE_FUNC_CONST
    ** flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->u.i>=3 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;



      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );



      pWalker->u.i = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;

    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->u.i==4 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->u.i==3 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->u.i = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  pWalker->u.i = 0;
  return WRC_Abort;
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag){
  Walker w;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.u.i = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
  w.xSelectCallback = selectNodeIsConstant;

  sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, p);
  return w.u.i;
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables or function calls.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 1);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant










** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p, u8 isInit){
  assert( isInit==0 || isInit==1 );
  return exprIsConst(p, 3+isInit);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.







|
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>
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<








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    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks used to check expressions to
** see if they are "constant" for some definition of constant.  The
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprRefOneTableOnly()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
** an existing schema and 4 when processing a new statement.  A bound
** parameter raises an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->eCode is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a left join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->eCode==2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->eCode = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->eCode==4 or 5 or the function has the
    ** SQLITE_FUNC_CONST flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->eCode>=4 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }else{
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }

    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }else{
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->eCode==4 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  pWalker->eCode = 0;
  return WRC_Abort;
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag, int iCur){
  Walker w;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.eCode = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
  w.xSelectCallback = selectNodeIsConstant;
  w.u.iCur = iCur;
  sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, p);
  return w.eCode;
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables or function calls.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 1, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p, u8 isInit){
  assert( isInit==0 || isInit==1 );
  return exprIsConst(p, 4+isInit, 0);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.

Changes to src/main.c.

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  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the mutex associated with a database connection.
*/
sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->mutex;
}

/*
** Free up as much memory as we can from the given database
** connection.
*/
int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
      sqlite3PagerShrink(pPager);
................................................................................
  return r;
}

/*
** Return the ROWID of the most recent insert
*/
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->lastRowid;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes in the most recent call to sqlite3_exec().
*/
int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->nChange;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes since the database handle was opened.
*/
int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->nTotalChange;
}

/*
** Close all open savepoints. This function only manipulates fields of the
** database handle object, it does not close any savepoints that may be open
** at the b-tree/pager level.
................................................................................
** given callback function with the given argument.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_handler(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xBusy)(void*,int),
  void *pArg
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->busyHandler.xFunc = xBusy;
  db->busyHandler.pArg = pArg;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  db->busyTimeout = 0;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3_progress_handler(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  int nOps,
  int (*xProgress)(void*), 
  void *pArg
){






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( nOps>0 ){
    db->xProgress = xProgress;
    db->nProgressOps = (unsigned)nOps;
    db->pProgressArg = pArg;
  }else{
    db->xProgress = 0;
................................................................................


/*
** This routine installs a default busy handler that waits for the
** specified number of milliseconds before returning 0.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3 *db, int ms){



  if( ms>0 ){
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, sqliteDefaultBusyCallback, (void*)db);
    db->busyTimeout = ms;
  }else{
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, 0, 0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Cause any pending operation to stop at its earliest opportunity.
*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3 *db){






  db->u1.isInterrupted = 1;
}


/*
** This function is exactly the same as sqlite3_create_function(), except
** that it is designed to be called by internal code. The difference is
................................................................................
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  FuncDestructor *pArg = 0;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( xDestroy ){
    pArg = (FuncDestructor *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(FuncDestructor));
    if( !pArg ){
      xDestroy(p);
      goto out;
    }
................................................................................
  void *p,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
){
  int rc;
  char *zFunc8;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zFunc8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zFunctionName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zFunc8, nArg, eTextRep, p, xFunc, xStep, xFinal,0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zFunc8);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
int sqlite3_overload_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  int nArg
){
  int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, nName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8,
                           0, sqlite3InvalidFunction, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
**
** A NULL trace function means that no tracing is executes.  A non-NULL
** trace is a pointer to a function that is invoked at the start of each
** SQL statement.
*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3 *db, void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void *pArg){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pTraceArg;
  db->xTrace = xTrace;
  db->pTraceArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_profile(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64),
  void *pArg
){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pProfileArg;
  db->xProfile = xProfile;
  db->pProfileArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_commit_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  int (*xCallback)(void*),  /* Function to invoke on each commit */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pCommitArg;
  db->xCommitCallback = xCallback;
  db->pCommitArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*,int,char const *,char const *,sqlite_int64),
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pUpdateArg;
  db->xUpdateCallback = xCallback;
  db->pUpdateArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*), /* Callback function */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pRollbackArg;
  db->xRollbackCallback = xCallback;
  db->pRollbackArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
** configured by this function.
*/
int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int nFrame){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFrame);
#else



  if( nFrame>0 ){
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, sqlite3WalDefaultHook, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(nFrame));
  }else{
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, 0, 0);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Attach the hook to this db handle */
  int(*xCallback)(void *, sqlite3*, const char*, int),
  void *pArg                      /* First argument passed to xCallback() */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  void *pRet;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pWalArg;
  db->xWalCallback = xCallback;
  db->pWalArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
#else
................................................................................
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iDb = SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED;  /* sqlite3.aDb[] index of db to checkpoint */





  /* Initialize the output variables to -1 in case an error occurs. */
  if( pnLog ) *pnLog = -1;
  if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = -1;

  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE );
  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART );
................................................................................
** A new lower limit does not shrink existing constructs.
** It merely prevents new constructs that exceed the limit
** from forming.
*/
int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3 *db, int limitId, int newLimit){
  int oldLimit;








  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-30189-54097 For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_NAME
  ** there is a hard upper bound set at compile-time by a C preprocessor
  ** macro called SQLITE_MAX_NAME. (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to
  ** "_MAX_".)
  */
  assert( aHardLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]==SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
................................................................................
){
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Store allocated handle here */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isThreadsafe;               /* True for threadsafe connections */
  char *zOpen = 0;                /* Filename argument to pass to BtreeOpen() */
  char *zErrMsg = 0;              /* Error message from sqlite3ParseUri() */




  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

  /* Only allow sensible combinations of bits in the flags argument.  
................................................................................
  const void *zFilename, 
  sqlite3 **ppDb
){
  char const *zFilename8;   /* zFilename encoded in UTF-8 instead of UTF-16 */
  sqlite3_value *pVal;
  int rc;

  assert( zFilename );
  assert( ppDb );

  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

  pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(0);
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zFilename, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_STATIC);
  zFilename8 = sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( zFilename8 ){
    rc = openDatabase(zFilename8, ppDb,
                      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, 0);
    assert( *ppDb || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
................................................................................
int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3* db, 
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = createCollation(db, zName, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Register a new collation sequence with the database handle db.
*/
int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3* db, 
................................................................................
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDel)(void*)
){
  int rc;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = createCollation(db, zName, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, xDel);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  const void *zName,
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zName8;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zName8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  if( zName8 ){
    rc = createCollation(db, zName8, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zName8);
  }
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = xCollNeeded;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = 0;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = 0;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = xCollNeeded16;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
/*
** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
*/
int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->autoCommit;
}

/*
** The following routines are substitutes for constants SQLITE_CORRUPT,
** SQLITE_MISUSE, SQLITE_CANTOPEN, SQLITE_IOERR and possibly other error
** constants.  They serve two purposes:
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Enable or disable the extended result codes.
*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3 *db, int onoff){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->errMask = onoff ? 0xffffffff : 0xff;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Invoke the xFileControl method on a particular database.
*/
int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName, int op, void *pArg){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  Btree *pBtree;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pBtree = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  if( pBtree ){
    Pager *pPager;
    sqlite3_file *fd;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBtree);
................................................................................
** The zFilename argument is the filename pointer passed into the xOpen()
** method of a VFS implementation.  The zParam argument is the name of the
** query parameter we seek.  This routine returns the value of the zParam
** parameter if it exists.  If the parameter does not exist, this routine
** returns a NULL pointer.
*/
const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam){
  if( zFilename==0 ) return 0;
  zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  while( zFilename[0] ){
    int x = strcmp(zFilename, zParam);
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
    if( x==0 ) return zFilename;
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the filename of the database associated with a database
** connection.
*/
const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){






  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(pBt) : 0;
}

/*
** Return 1 if database is read-only or 0 if read/write.  Return -1 if
** no such database exists.
*/
int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){






  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(pBt) : -1;
}

#if (SQLITE_ENABLE_APPLE_SPI>0) && defined(__APPLE__)

#include "sqlite3_private.h"







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746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
....
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
....
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
....
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
....
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
....
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
....
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
....
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
....
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
....
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
....
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
....
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
....
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
....
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
....
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
....
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
....
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
....
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
....
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997






2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
....
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
....
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
....
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
....
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
3093
....
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
....
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
....
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
....
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the mutex associated with a database connection.
*/
sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return db->mutex;
}

/*
** Free up as much memory as we can from the given database
** connection.
*/
int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
      sqlite3PagerShrink(pPager);
................................................................................
  return r;
}

/*
** Return the ROWID of the most recent insert
*/
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return db->lastRowid;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes in the most recent call to sqlite3_exec().
*/
int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return db->nChange;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes since the database handle was opened.
*/
int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return db->nTotalChange;
}

/*
** Close all open savepoints. This function only manipulates fields of the
** database handle object, it does not close any savepoints that may be open
** at the b-tree/pager level.
................................................................................
** given callback function with the given argument.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_handler(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xBusy)(void*,int),
  void *pArg
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->busyHandler.xFunc = xBusy;
  db->busyHandler.pArg = pArg;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  db->busyTimeout = 0;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3_progress_handler(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  int nOps,
  int (*xProgress)(void*), 
  void *pArg
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( nOps>0 ){
    db->xProgress = xProgress;
    db->nProgressOps = (unsigned)nOps;
    db->pProgressArg = pArg;
  }else{
    db->xProgress = 0;
................................................................................


/*
** This routine installs a default busy handler that waits for the
** specified number of milliseconds before returning 0.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3 *db, int ms){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  if( ms>0 ){
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, sqliteDefaultBusyCallback, (void*)db);
    db->busyTimeout = ms;
  }else{
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, 0, 0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Cause any pending operation to stop at its earliest opportunity.
*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return;
  }
#endif
  db->u1.isInterrupted = 1;
}


/*
** This function is exactly the same as sqlite3_create_function(), except
** that it is designed to be called by internal code. The difference is
................................................................................
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  FuncDestructor *pArg = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( xDestroy ){
    pArg = (FuncDestructor *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(FuncDestructor));
    if( !pArg ){
      xDestroy(p);
      goto out;
    }
................................................................................
  void *p,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
){
  int rc;
  char *zFunc8;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zFunctionName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zFunc8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zFunctionName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zFunc8, nArg, eTextRep, p, xFunc, xStep, xFinal,0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zFunc8);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
int sqlite3_overload_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  int nArg
){
  int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 || nArg<-2 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, nName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8,
                           0, sqlite3InvalidFunction, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
**
** A NULL trace function means that no tracing is executes.  A non-NULL
** trace is a pointer to a function that is invoked at the start of each
** SQL statement.
*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3 *db, void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void *pArg){
  void *pOld;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pTraceArg;
  db->xTrace = xTrace;
  db->pTraceArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_profile(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64),
  void *pArg
){
  void *pOld;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pProfileArg;
  db->xProfile = xProfile;
  db->pProfileArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_commit_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  int (*xCallback)(void*),  /* Function to invoke on each commit */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pOld;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pCommitArg;
  db->xCommitCallback = xCallback;
  db->pCommitArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*,int,char const *,char const *,sqlite_int64),
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pUpdateArg;
  db->xUpdateCallback = xCallback;
  db->pUpdateArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
*/
void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*), /* Callback function */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pRollbackArg;
  db->xRollbackCallback = xCallback;
  db->pRollbackArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
** configured by this function.
*/
int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int nFrame){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFrame);
#else
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  if( nFrame>0 ){
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, sqlite3WalDefaultHook, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(nFrame));
  }else{
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, 0, 0);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Attach the hook to this db handle */
  int(*xCallback)(void *, sqlite3*, const char*, int),
  void *pArg                      /* First argument passed to xCallback() */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  void *pRet;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pWalArg;
  db->xWalCallback = xCallback;
  db->pWalArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
#else
................................................................................
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iDb = SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED;  /* sqlite3.aDb[] index of db to checkpoint */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif

  /* Initialize the output variables to -1 in case an error occurs. */
  if( pnLog ) *pnLog = -1;
  if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = -1;

  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE );
  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART );
................................................................................
** A new lower limit does not shrink existing constructs.
** It merely prevents new constructs that exceed the limit
** from forming.
*/
int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3 *db, int limitId, int newLimit){
  int oldLimit;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return -1;
  }
#endif

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-30189-54097 For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_NAME
  ** there is a hard upper bound set at compile-time by a C preprocessor
  ** macro called SQLITE_MAX_NAME. (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to
  ** "_MAX_".)
  */
  assert( aHardLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]==SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
................................................................................
){
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Store allocated handle here */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isThreadsafe;               /* True for threadsafe connections */
  char *zOpen = 0;                /* Filename argument to pass to BtreeOpen() */
  char *zErrMsg = 0;              /* Error message from sqlite3ParseUri() */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppDb==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

  /* Only allow sensible combinations of bits in the flags argument.  
................................................................................
  const void *zFilename, 
  sqlite3 **ppDb
){
  char const *zFilename8;   /* zFilename encoded in UTF-8 instead of UTF-16 */
  sqlite3_value *pVal;
  int rc;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppDb==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  if( zFilename==0 ) zFilename = "\000\000";
  pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(0);
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zFilename, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_STATIC);
  zFilename8 = sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( zFilename8 ){
    rc = openDatabase(zFilename8, ppDb,
                      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, 0);
    assert( *ppDb || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
................................................................................
int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3* db, 
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  return sqlite3_create_collation_v2(db, zName, enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);






}

/*
** Register a new collation sequence with the database handle db.
*/
int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3* db, 
................................................................................
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDel)(void*)
){
  int rc;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = createCollation(db, zName, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, xDel);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  const void *zName,
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zName8;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zName8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  if( zName8 ){
    rc = createCollation(db, zName8, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zName8);
  }
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = xCollNeeded;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = 0;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = 0;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = xCollNeeded16;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
/*
** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
*/
int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3 *db){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return db->autoCommit;
}

/*
** The following routines are substitutes for constants SQLITE_CORRUPT,
** SQLITE_MISUSE, SQLITE_CANTOPEN, SQLITE_IOERR and possibly other error
** constants.  They serve two purposes:
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Enable or disable the extended result codes.
*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3 *db, int onoff){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->errMask = onoff ? 0xffffffff : 0xff;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Invoke the xFileControl method on a particular database.
*/
int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName, int op, void *pArg){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  Btree *pBtree;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pBtree = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  if( pBtree ){
    Pager *pPager;
    sqlite3_file *fd;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBtree);
................................................................................
** The zFilename argument is the filename pointer passed into the xOpen()
** method of a VFS implementation.  The zParam argument is the name of the
** query parameter we seek.  This routine returns the value of the zParam
** parameter if it exists.  If the parameter does not exist, this routine
** returns a NULL pointer.
*/
const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam){
  if( zFilename==0 || zParam==0 ) return 0;
  zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  while( zFilename[0] ){
    int x = strcmp(zFilename, zParam);
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
    if( x==0 ) return zFilename;
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the filename of the database associated with a database
** connection.
*/
const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(pBt) : 0;
}

/*
** Return 1 if database is read-only or 0 if read/write.  Return -1 if
** no such database exists.
*/
int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return -1;
  }
#endif
  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(pBt) : -1;
}

#if (SQLITE_ENABLE_APPLE_SPI>0) && defined(__APPLE__)

#include "sqlite3_private.h"

Changes to src/mutex_unix.c.

171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179




180
181
182
183
184
185
186
        p->id = iType;
#endif
        pthread_mutex_init(&p->mutex, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(staticMutexes) );




      p = &staticMutexes[iType-2];
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
      p->id = iType;
#endif
      break;
    }
  }







|
|
>
>
>
>







171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
        p->id = iType;
#endif
        pthread_mutex_init(&p->mutex, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
      if( iType-2<0 || iType-2>=ArraySize(staticMutexes) ){
        (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }
#endif
      p = &staticMutexes[iType-2];
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
      p->id = iType;
#endif
      break;
    }
  }

Changes to src/os.c.

363
364
365
366
367
368
369




370
371
372
373
374
375
376
*/
int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif




  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{







>
>
>
>







363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
*/
int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pVfs==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif

  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{

Changes to src/pager.c.

1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943








1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
....
6869
6870
6871
6872
6873
6874
6875












6876
6877
6878
6879
6880
6881
6882
....
7278
7279
7280
7281
7282
7283
7284
7285

7286
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE ){
      if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->jfd, 0);








      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPgHdr);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif













/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 || pPg->pPager->memDb );
  return pPg->pData;
................................................................................
** is empty, return 0.
*/
int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 








>

1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
....
6877
6878
6879
6880
6881
6882
6883
6884
6885
6886
6887
6888
6889
6890
6891
6892
6893
6894
6895
6896
6897
6898
6899
6900
6901
6902
....
7298
7299
7300
7301
7302
7303
7304
7305
7306
7307
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE ){
      if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->jfd, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->fullSync ){
          /* Make sure the new file size is written into the inode right away.
          ** Otherwise the journal might resurrect following a power loss and
          ** cause the last transaction to roll back.  See
          ** https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1072773
          */
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPgHdr);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** The page handle passed as the first argument refers to a dirty page 
** with a page number other than iNew. This function changes the page's 
** page number to iNew and sets the value of the PgHdr.flags field to 
** the value passed as the third parameter.
*/
void sqlite3PagerRekey(DbPage *pPg, Pgno iNew, u16 flags){
  assert( pPg->pgno!=iNew );
  pPg->flags = flags;
  sqlite3PcacheMove(pPg, iNew);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 || pPg->pPager->memDb );
  return pPg->pData;
................................................................................
** is empty, return 0.
*/
int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

Changes to src/pager.h.

184
185
186
187
188
189
190


191
192
193
194
195
196
197
int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);



#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif

/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)







>
>







184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

void sqlite3PagerRekey(DbPage*, Pgno, u16);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif

/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)

Changes to src/prepare.c.

708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715




716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
...
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830


831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  int saveSqlFlag,          /* True to copy SQL text into the sqlite3_stmt */
  Vdbe *pOld,               /* VM being reprepared */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  int rc;
  assert( ppStmt!=0 );




  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3Prepare(db, zSql, nBytes, saveSqlFlag, pOld, ppStmt, pzTail);
  if( rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3_finalize(*ppStmt);
................................................................................
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char *zSql8;
  const char *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( ppStmt );


  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  if( nBytes>=0 ){
    int sz;
    const char *z = (const char*)zSql;
    for(sz=0; sz<nBytes && (z[sz]!=0 || z[sz+1]!=0); sz += 2){}
    nBytes = sz;







<
>
>
>
>

|







 







|
>
>

|







708
709
710
711
712
713
714

715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
...
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  int saveSqlFlag,          /* True to copy SQL text into the sqlite3_stmt */
  Vdbe *pOld,               /* VM being reprepared */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  int rc;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppStmt==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db)||zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3Prepare(db, zSql, nBytes, saveSqlFlag, pOld, ppStmt, pzTail);
  if( rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3_finalize(*ppStmt);
................................................................................
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char *zSql8;
  const char *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppStmt==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db)||zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  if( nBytes>=0 ){
    int sz;
    const char *z = (const char*)zSql;
    for(sz=0; sz<nBytes && (z[sz]!=0 || z[sz+1]!=0); sz += 2){}
    nBytes = sz;

Changes to src/printf.c.

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
...
223
224
225
226
227
228
229







230
231
232
233
234
235
236
...
943
944
945
946
947
948
949







950
951
952
953
954
955
956
...
985
986
987
988
989
990
991







992
993
994
995
996
997
998
/*
** If the strchrnul() library function is available, then set
** HAVE_STRCHRNUL.  If that routine is not available, this module
** will supply its own.  The built-in version is slower than
** the glibc version so the glibc version is definitely preferred.
*/
#if !defined(HAVE_STRCHRNUL)
# if defined(linux)
#  define HAVE_STRCHRNUL 1
# else
#  define HAVE_STRCHRNUL 0
# endif
#endif


/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
................................................................................
  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */
#endif
  PrintfArguments *pArgList = 0; /* Arguments for SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */








  bufpt = 0;
  if( bFlags ){
    if( (bArgList = (bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC))!=0 ){
      pArgList = va_arg(ap, PrintfArguments*);
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
................................................................................
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  Omit the internal
** %-conversion extensions.
*/
char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;







#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  acc.useMalloc = 2;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
................................................................................
** mistake.
**
** sqlite3_vsnprintf() is the varargs version.
*/
char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  StrAccum acc;
  if( n<=0 ) return zBuf;







  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBuf, n, 0);
  acc.useMalloc = 0;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
}
char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;







<
<
<
|
<







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







17
18
19
20
21
22
23



24

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
...
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
...
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
...
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
/*
** If the strchrnul() library function is available, then set
** HAVE_STRCHRNUL.  If that routine is not available, this module
** will supply its own.  The built-in version is slower than
** the glibc version so the glibc version is definitely preferred.
*/
#if !defined(HAVE_STRCHRNUL)



# define HAVE_STRCHRNUL 0

#endif


/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
................................................................................
  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */
#endif
  PrintfArguments *pArgList = 0; /* Arguments for SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ap==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    sqlite3StrAccumReset(pAccum);
    return;
  }
#endif
  bufpt = 0;
  if( bFlags ){
    if( (bArgList = (bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC))!=0 ){
      pArgList = va_arg(ap, PrintfArguments*);
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
................................................................................
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  Omit the internal
** %-conversion extensions.
*/
char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR  
  if( zFormat==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  acc.useMalloc = 2;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
................................................................................
** mistake.
**
** sqlite3_vsnprintf() is the varargs version.
*/
char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  StrAccum acc;
  if( n<=0 ) return zBuf;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zBuf==0 || zFormat==0 ) {
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    if( zBuf && n>0 ) zBuf[0] = 0;
    return zBuf;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBuf, n, 0);
  acc.useMalloc = 0;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
}
char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;

Changes to src/random.c.

29
30
31
32
33
34
35




36
37
38
39
40
41
42
..
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62

/*
** Return N random bytes.
*/
void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *pBuf){
  unsigned char t;
  unsigned char *zBuf = pBuf;





  /* The "wsdPrng" macro will resolve to the pseudo-random number generator
  ** state vector.  If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
  ** we have to locate the state vector at run-time.  In the more common
  ** case where writable static data is supported, wsdPrng can refer directly
  ** to the "sqlite3Prng" state vector declared above.
  */
................................................................................
#endif

#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
#endif

  if( N<=0 ){
    wsdPrng.isInit = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    return;
  }

  /* Initialize the state of the random number generator once,
  ** the first time this routine is called.  The seed value does







>
>
>
>







 







|







29
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41
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46
..
52
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54
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56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66

/*
** Return N random bytes.
*/
void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *pBuf){
  unsigned char t;
  unsigned char *zBuf = pBuf;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return;
#endif

  /* The "wsdPrng" macro will resolve to the pseudo-random number generator
  ** state vector.  If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
  ** we have to locate the state vector at run-time.  In the more common
  ** case where writable static data is supported, wsdPrng can refer directly
  ** to the "sqlite3Prng" state vector declared above.
  */
................................................................................
#endif

#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
#endif

  if( N<=0 || pBuf==0 ){
    wsdPrng.isInit = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    return;
  }

  /* Initialize the state of the random number generator once,
  ** the first time this routine is called.  The seed value does

Changes to src/resolve.c.

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
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40
41
42
43
44
45
46
...
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582
583
584
585
586
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588
589
590
591
592
593
594
...
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
** This needs to occur when copying a TK_AGG_FUNCTION node from an
** outer query into an inner subquery.
**
** incrAggFunctionDepth(pExpr,n) is the main routine.  incrAggDepth(..)
** is a helper function - a callback for the tree walker.
*/
static int incrAggDepth(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) pExpr->op2 += pWalker->u.i;
  return WRC_Continue;
}
static void incrAggFunctionDepth(Expr *pExpr, int N){
  if( N>0 ){
    Walker w;
    memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
    w.xExprCallback = incrAggDepth;
    w.u.i = N;
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr);
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
................................................................................
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*1000.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
................................................................................
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-36850-34127 The likely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53436-40973 The likely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375). */
            /* TUNING: unlikely() probability is 0.0625.  likely() is 0.9375 */
            pExpr->iTable = pDef->zName[0]=='u' ? 62 : 938;
          }             
        }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",







|







|







 







|







 







|







24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
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40
41
42
43
44
45
46
...
580
581
582
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586
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588
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592
593
594
...
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
** This needs to occur when copying a TK_AGG_FUNCTION node from an
** outer query into an inner subquery.
**
** incrAggFunctionDepth(pExpr,n) is the main routine.  incrAggDepth(..)
** is a helper function - a callback for the tree walker.
*/
static int incrAggDepth(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) pExpr->op2 += pWalker->u.n;
  return WRC_Continue;
}
static void incrAggFunctionDepth(Expr *pExpr, int N){
  if( N>0 ){
    Walker w;
    memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
    w.xExprCallback = incrAggDepth;
    w.u.n = N;
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr);
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
................................................................................
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*134217728.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
................................................................................
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-36850-34127 The likely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53436-40973 The likely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375). */
            /* TUNING: unlikely() probability is 0.0625.  likely() is 0.9375 */
            pExpr->iTable = pDef->zName[0]=='u' ? 8388608 : 125829120;
          }             
        }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",

Changes to src/shell.c.

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882
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#endif
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"%s",p->newline);
      }
      if( azArg>0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"%s",p->newline);
      }
#if defined(WIN32) || defined(_WIN32)
      fflush(p->out);







|







878
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885
886
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888
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890
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892
#endif
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"%s",p->newline);
      }
      if( nArg>0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"%s",p->newline);
      }
#if defined(WIN32) || defined(_WIN32)
      fflush(p->out);

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1220
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1233
1234
....
1807
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1809
1810
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1812
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1814

1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
....
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
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2018
2019
....
2897
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2904
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2907
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....
3300
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3303
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3305
3306

3307
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3310
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3313
/*                not used    0x0010   // Was: SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this table */

#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for Index.idxType
*/
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  1000 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
................................................................................
*/
struct Walker {
  int (*xExprCallback)(Walker*, Expr*);     /* Callback for expressions */
  int (*xSelectCallback)(Walker*,Select*);  /* Callback for SELECTs */
  void (*xSelectCallback2)(Walker*,Select*);/* Second callback for SELECTs */
  Parse *pParse;                            /* Parser context.  */
  int walkerDepth;                          /* Number of subqueries */

  union {                                   /* Extra data for callback */
    NameContext *pNC;                          /* Naming context */
    int i;                                     /* Integer value */

    SrcList *pSrcList;                         /* FROM clause */
    struct SrcCount *pSrcCount;                /* Counting column references */
  } u;
};

/* Forward declarations */
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker*, Expr*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*, u8);

int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);







|







 







|
>







 







|







 







>


|
>







 







>







1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
....
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
....
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
....
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
....
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
/*                not used    0x0010   // Was: SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this index */
  tRowcnt nRowEst0;        /* Non-logarithmic number of rows in the index */
#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for Index.idxType
*/
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  134217728 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
................................................................................
*/
struct Walker {
  int (*xExprCallback)(Walker*, Expr*);     /* Callback for expressions */
  int (*xSelectCallback)(Walker*,Select*);  /* Callback for SELECTs */
  void (*xSelectCallback2)(Walker*,Select*);/* Second callback for SELECTs */
  Parse *pParse;                            /* Parser context.  */
  int walkerDepth;                          /* Number of subqueries */
  u8 eCode;                                 /* A small processing code */
  union {                                   /* Extra data for callback */
    NameContext *pNC;                          /* Naming context */
    int n;                                     /* A counter */
    int iCur;                                  /* A cursor number */
    SrcList *pSrcList;                         /* FROM clause */
    struct SrcCount *pSrcCount;                /* Counting column references */
  } u;
};

/* Forward declarations */
int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker*, Expr*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*, u8);
int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr*,int);
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);

Changes to src/status.c.

82
83
84
85
86
87
88



89
90
91
92
93
94
95
...
101
102
103
104
105
106
107





108
109
110
111
112
113
114
** then this routine is not threadsafe.
*/
int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag){
  wsdStatInit;
  if( op<0 || op>=ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }



  *pCurrent = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  *pHighwater = wsdStat.mxValue[op];
  if( resetFlag ){
    wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Return code */





  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;







>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>







82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
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96
97
98
...
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
** then this routine is not threadsafe.
*/
int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag){
  wsdStatInit;
  if( op<0 || op>=ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pCurrent==0 || pHighwater==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *pCurrent = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  *pHighwater = wsdStat.mxValue[op];
  if( resetFlag ){
    wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Return code */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || pCurrent==0|| pHighwater==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;

Changes to src/table.c.

122
123
124
125
126
127
128



129
130
131
132
133
134
135
  int *pnRow,                 /* Write the number of rows in the result here */
  int *pnColumn,              /* Write the number of columns of result here */
  char **pzErrMsg             /* Write error messages here */
){
  int rc;
  TabResult res;




  *pazResult = 0;
  if( pnColumn ) *pnColumn = 0;
  if( pnRow ) *pnRow = 0;
  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;
  res.zErrMsg = 0;
  res.nRow = 0;
  res.nColumn = 0;







>
>
>







122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
  int *pnRow,                 /* Write the number of rows in the result here */
  int *pnColumn,              /* Write the number of columns of result here */
  char **pzErrMsg             /* Write error messages here */
){
  int rc;
  TabResult res;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pazResult==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *pazResult = 0;
  if( pnColumn ) *pnColumn = 0;
  if( pnRow ) *pnRow = 0;
  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;
  res.zErrMsg = 0;
  res.nRow = 0;
  res.nColumn = 0;

Changes to src/test1.c.

6481
6482
6483
6484
6485
6486
6487
6488

6489
6490
6491
6492
6493
6494
6495
    { "factor-constants",    SQLITE_FactorOutConst },
    { "distinct-opt",        SQLITE_DistinctOpt    },
    { "cover-idx-scan",      SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   },
    { "order-by-idx-join",   SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin },
    { "transitive",          SQLITE_Transitive     },
    { "subquery-coroutine",  SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  },
    { "omit-noop-join",      SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   },
    { "stat3",               SQLITE_Stat3          },

  };

  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB OPT BOOLEAN");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;







|
>







6481
6482
6483
6484
6485
6486
6487
6488
6489
6490
6491
6492
6493
6494
6495
6496
    { "factor-constants",    SQLITE_FactorOutConst },
    { "distinct-opt",        SQLITE_DistinctOpt    },
    { "cover-idx-scan",      SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   },
    { "order-by-idx-join",   SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin },
    { "transitive",          SQLITE_Transitive     },
    { "subquery-coroutine",  SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  },
    { "omit-noop-join",      SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   },
    { "stat3",               SQLITE_Stat34         },
    { "stat4",               SQLITE_Stat34         },
  };

  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB OPT BOOLEAN");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;

Changes to src/util.c.

247
248
249
250
251
252
253





254
255
256
257
258
259
260





261
262
263
264
265
266
267
** sqlite3_strnicmp() APIs allow applications and extensions to compare
** the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;





  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}
int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight, int N){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;





  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( N-- > 0 && *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return N<0 ? 0 : UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}

/*







>
>
>
>
>







>
>
>
>
>







247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
** sqlite3_strnicmp() APIs allow applications and extensions to compare
** the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;
  if( zLeft==0 ){
    return zRight ? -1 : 0;
  }else if( zRight==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}
int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight, int N){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;
  if( zLeft==0 ){
    return zRight ? -1 : 0;
  }else if( zRight==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( N-- > 0 && *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return N<0 ? 0 : UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}

/*

Changes to src/vdbeapi.c.

978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988




989




990
991
992
993
994
995
996
....
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480






1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
....
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495







1496
1497
1498
1499
*/
static const void *columnName(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,
  int N,
  const void *(*xFunc)(Mem*),
  int useType
){
  const void *ret = 0;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  int n;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;




  




  assert( db!=0 );
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
  if( N<n && N>=0 ){
    N += useType*n;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 );
    ret = xFunc(&p->aColName[N]);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
*/
sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3_stmt *pNext;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pDb->mutex);
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)pDb->pVdbe;
  }else{
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)((Vdbe*)pStmt)->pNext;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pDb->mutex);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;







  u32 v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}







|
|

|
>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|



978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
....
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
....
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
*/
static const void *columnName(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,
  int N,
  const void *(*xFunc)(Mem*),
  int useType
){
  const void *ret;
  Vdbe *p;
  int n;
  sqlite3 *db;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  ret = 0;
  p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  db = p->db;
  assert( db!=0 );
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
  if( N<n && N>=0 ){
    N += useType*n;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 );
    ret = xFunc(&p->aColName[N]);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
*/
sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3_stmt *pNext;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pDb) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pDb->mutex);
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)pDb->pVdbe;
  }else{
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)((Vdbe*)pStmt)->pNext;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pDb->mutex);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  u32 v;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !pStmt ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}

Changes to src/vdbeblob.c.

149
150
151
152
153
154
155





156
157
158
159
160
161
162

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;






  flags = !!flags;                /* flags = (flags ? 1 : 0); */
  *ppBlob = 0;

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  pBlob = (Incrblob *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Incrblob));
  if( !pBlob ) goto blob_open_out;







>
>
>
>
>







149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || ppBlob==0 || zTable==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  flags = !!flags;                /* flags = (flags ? 1 : 0); */
  *ppBlob = 0;

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  pBlob = (Incrblob *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Incrblob));
  if( !pBlob ) goto blob_open_out;

Changes to src/vtab.c.

77
78
79
80
81
82
83



84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96



97
98
99
100
101
102
103
...
694
695
696
697
698
699
700



701
702
703
704
705
706
707
....
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056



1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
....
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071



1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
*/
int sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux                      /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
){



  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, 0);
}

/*
** External API function used to create a new virtual-table module.
*/
int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux,                     /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)        /* Module destructor function */
){



  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, xDestroy);
}

/*
** Lock the virtual table so that it cannot be disconnected.
** Locks nest.  Every lock should have a corresponding unlock.
** If an unlock is omitted, resources leaks will occur.  
................................................................................
int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3 *db, const char *zCreateTable){
  Parse *pParse;

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErr = 0;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( !db->pVtabCtx || !(pTab = db->pVtabCtx->pTab) ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_MISUSE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  assert( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0 );
................................................................................
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
*/
int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *db){
  static const unsigned char aMap[] = { 
    SQLITE_ROLLBACK, SQLITE_ABORT, SQLITE_FAIL, SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_REPLACE 
  };



  assert( OE_Rollback==1 && OE_Abort==2 && OE_Fail==3 );
  assert( OE_Ignore==4 && OE_Replace==5 );
  assert( db->vtabOnConflict>=1 && db->vtabOnConflict<=5 );
  return (int)aMap[db->vtabOnConflict-1];
}

/*
................................................................................
** the SQLite core with additional information about the behavior
** of the virtual table being implemented.
*/
int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT: {
      VtabCtx *p = db->pVtabCtx;
      if( !p ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
      }else{







>
>
>













>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>

<







77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
...
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
....
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
....
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087

1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
*/
int sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux                      /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, 0);
}

/*
** External API function used to create a new virtual-table module.
*/
int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux,                     /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)        /* Module destructor function */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, xDestroy);
}

/*
** Lock the virtual table so that it cannot be disconnected.
** Locks nest.  Every lock should have a corresponding unlock.
** If an unlock is omitted, resources leaks will occur.  
................................................................................
int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3 *db, const char *zCreateTable){
  Parse *pParse;

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErr = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( !db->pVtabCtx || !(pTab = db->pVtabCtx->pTab) ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_MISUSE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  assert( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0 );
................................................................................
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
*/
int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *db){
  static const unsigned char aMap[] = { 
    SQLITE_ROLLBACK, SQLITE_ABORT, SQLITE_FAIL, SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_REPLACE 
  };
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  assert( OE_Rollback==1 && OE_Abort==2 && OE_Fail==3 );
  assert( OE_Ignore==4 && OE_Replace==5 );
  assert( db->vtabOnConflict>=1 && db->vtabOnConflict<=5 );
  return (int)aMap[db->vtabOnConflict-1];
}

/*
................................................................................
** the SQLite core with additional information about the behavior
** of the virtual table being implemented.
*/
int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT: {
      VtabCtx *p = db->pVtabCtx;
      if( !p ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
      }else{

Changes to src/where.c.

221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
...
751
752
753
754
755
756
757









758
759
760
761
762
763
764
....
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
....
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
....
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
....
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
....
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
....
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
....
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
....
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593


1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
....
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608






1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621


1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
....
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
....
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705

1706





1707
1708
1709
1710

1711
1712
1713
1714

1715
1716
1717



1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
....
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
....
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
....
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276

2277
2278
2279
2280

2281

2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
....
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
....
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
....
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843


2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
....
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
....
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
....
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
....
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956
3957
3958

3959

3960
3961
3962
3963
3964

3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
....
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006

4007



4008
4009
4010
4011
4012


4013
4014
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
....
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
....
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
....
4460
4461
4462
4463
4464
4465
4466
4467
4468
4469
4470
4471
4472
4473
4474
....
4528
4529
4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538


































4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
....
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723
4724
....
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
....
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
5315
....
5755
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763
5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
....
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
5885
5886
5887
5888
5889
5890
5891
5892
5893
5894
5895
5896
5897
5898
5899
5900
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 99;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = 1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static void transferJoinMarkings(Expr *pDerived, Expr *pBase){
  if( pDerived ){
    pDerived->flags |= pBase->flags & EP_FromJoin;
    pDerived->iRightJoinTable = pBase->iRightJoinTable;
  }
}










#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Analyze a term that consists of two or more OR-connected
** subterms.  So in:
**
**     ... WHERE  (a=5) AND (b=7 OR c=9 OR d=13) AND (d=13)
................................................................................
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
................................................................................
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
    }
    pTerm->nChild = 2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
  /* Analyze a term that is composed of two or more subterms connected by
  ** an OR operator.
  */
................................................................................
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      pWC->a[idxNew1].iParent = idxTerm;
      pWC->a[idxNew2].iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm->nChild = 2;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Add a WO_MATCH auxiliary term to the constraint set if the
  ** current expression is of the form:  column MATCH expr.
................................................................................
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
  ** the start of the loop will prevent any results from being returned.
  */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->pLeft->iColumn>=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3)
  ){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
................................................................................
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_GT;
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
................................................................................
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */
  char *zNotUsed;             /* Extra space on the end of pIdx */
  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */



  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){






    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
      testcase( iCol==BMS );
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nKeyCol+1) ) return;


        pLoop->aLTerm[nKeyCol++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nKeyCol;
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nKeyCol += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  pIdx = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(pParse->db, nKeyCol+1, 0, &zNotUsed);
  if( pIdx==0 ) return;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */

  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);





  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);

  
  /* Jump here when skipping the initialization */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInit);



}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid ){
      UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
      tRowcnt a[2];
      u8 aff;

      /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
................................................................................
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = sqlite3LogEstToInt(p->aiRowLogEst[0]);
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iLower = a[0];
        iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
      }
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
#endif
  assert( pUpper==0 || (pUpper->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pLower, nOut);
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pUpper, nNew);

  /* TUNING: If there is both an upper and lower limit, assume the range is

  ** reduced by an additional 75%. This means that, by default, an open-ended
  ** range query (e.g. col > ?) is assumed to match 1/4 of the rows in the
  ** index. While a closed range (e.g. col BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated to
  ** match 1/64 of the index. */ 

  if( pLower && pUpper ) nNew -= 20;


  nOut -= (pLower!=0) + (pUpper!=0);
  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( pLoop->nOut>nOut ){
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("Range scan lowers nOut from %d to %d\n",
................................................................................
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
................................................................................
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }


      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
................................................................................
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->u.btree.nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
................................................................................
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->u.btree.nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
................................................................................
** relationship is inverted and needs to be adjusted.
*/
static int whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(
  const WhereLoop *pX,       /* First WhereLoop to compare */
  const WhereLoop *pY        /* Compare against this WhereLoop */
){
  int i, j;

  if( pX->nLTerm >= pY->nLTerm ) return 0; /* X is not a subset of Y */

  if( pX->rRun >= pY->rRun ){
    if( pX->rRun > pY->rRun ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
    if( pX->nOut > pY->nOut ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
  }
  for(i=pX->nLTerm-1; i>=0; i--){

    for(j=pY->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      if( pY->aLTerm[j]==pX->aLTerm[i] ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) return 0;  /* X not a subset of Y since term X[i] not used by Y */
  }
  return 1;  /* All conditions meet */
}
................................................................................
**
**   (2) pTemplate costs more than any other WhereLoops for which pTemplate
**       is a proper subset.
**
** To say "WhereLoop X is a proper subset of Y" means that X uses fewer
** WHERE clause terms than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is
** also used by Y.
**
** This adjustment is omitted for SKIPSCAN loops.  In a SKIPSCAN loop, the
** WhereLoop.nLTerm field is not an accurate measure of the number of WHERE
** clause terms covered, since some of the first nLTerm entries in aLTerm[]
** will be NULL (because they are skipped).  That makes it more difficult
** to compare the loops.  We could add extra code to do the comparison, and
** perhaps we will someday.  But SKIPSCAN is sufficiently uncommon, and this
** adjustment is sufficient minor, that it is very difficult to construct
** a test case where the extra code would improve the query plan.  Better
** to avoid the added complexity and just omit cost adjustments to SKIPSCAN
** loops.
*/
static void whereLoopAdjustCost(const WhereLoop *p, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) return;
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN)!=0 ) return;
  for(; p; p=p->pNextLoop){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN)!=0 ) continue;
    if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(p, pTemplate) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost downward so that it is cheaper than its 

      ** subset p */



      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut - 1;
    }else if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(pTemplate, p) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost upward so that it is costlier than p since
      ** pTemplate is a proper subset of p */


      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut + 1;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );
  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];

  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

  /* Consider using a skip-scan if there are no WHERE clause constraints
  ** available for the left-most terms of the index, and if the average
  ** number of repeats in the left-most terms is at least 18. 
  **
  ** The magic number 18 is selected on the basis that scanning 17 rows
  ** is almost always quicker than an index seek (even though if the index
  ** contains fewer than 2^17 rows we assume otherwise in other parts of
  ** the code). And, even if it is not, it should not be too much slower. 
  ** On the other hand, the extra seeks could end up being significantly
  ** more expensive.  */
  assert( 42==sqlite3LogEst(18) );
  if( saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1]>=42  /* TUNING: Minimum for skip-scan */
   && (rc = whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    if( pTerm ){
      /* TUNING:  When estimating skip-scan for a term that is also indexable,
      ** multiply the cost of the skip-scan by 2.0, to make it a little less
      ** desirable than the regular index lookup. */
      nIter += 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
    }
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;
    /* TUNING:  Because uncertainties in the estimates for skip-scan queries,
    ** add a 1.375 fudge factor to make skip-scan slightly less likely. */
    nIter += 5;
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
................................................................................
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))
        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;


































  return rc;
}

/*
** Return True if it is possible that pIndex might be useful in
** implementing the ORDER BY clause in pBuilder.
**
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
................................................................................
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pSrc->iCursor, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      testcase( pNew->iTab!=pSrc->iCursor );  /* See ticket [98d973b8f5] */
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED  /* >=2 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- after round %d ----\n", iLoop);
      for(ii=0, pTo=aTo; ii<nTo; ii++, pTo++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %s cost=%-3d nrow=%-3d order=%c",
           wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
           pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? (pTo->isOrdered+'0') : '?');
        if( pTo->isOrdered>0 ){
          sqlite3DebugPrintf(" rev=0x%llx\n", pTo->revLoop);
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;







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5912
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5918
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 270;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = 1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static void transferJoinMarkings(Expr *pDerived, Expr *pBase){
  if( pDerived ){
    pDerived->flags |= pBase->flags & EP_FromJoin;
    pDerived->iRightJoinTable = pBase->iRightJoinTable;
  }
}

/*
** Mark term iChild as being a child of term iParent
*/
static void markTermAsChild(WhereClause *pWC, int iChild, int iParent){
  pWC->a[iChild].iParent = iParent;
  pWC->a[iChild].truthProb = pWC->a[iParent].truthProb;
  pWC->a[iParent].nChild++;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Analyze a term that consists of two or more OR-connected
** subterms.  So in:
**
**     ... WHERE  (a=5) AND (b=7 OR c=9 OR d=13) AND (d=13)
................................................................................
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);

      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
................................................................................
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }

  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
  /* Analyze a term that is composed of two or more subterms connected by
  ** an OR operator.
  */
................................................................................
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew2, idxTerm);

    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Add a WO_MATCH auxiliary term to the constraint set if the
  ** current expression is of the form:  column MATCH expr.
................................................................................
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
  ** the start of the loop will prevent any results from being returned.
  */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->pLeft->iColumn>=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat34)
  ){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
................................................................................
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_GT;
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
................................................................................
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */
  char *zNotUsed;             /* Extra space on the end of pIdx */
  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */
  Expr *pPartial = 0;         /* Partial Index Expression */
  int iContinue = 0;          /* Jump here to skip excluded rows */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pLoop->prereq==0
     && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)==0
     && sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pTerm->pExpr, pSrc->iCursor) ){
      pPartial = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pPartial,
                                sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pTerm->pExpr, 0));
    }
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
      testcase( iCol==BMS );
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nKeyCol+1) ){
          goto end_auto_index_create;
        }
        pLoop->aLTerm[nKeyCol++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nKeyCol;
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nKeyCol += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  pIdx = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(pParse->db, nKeyCol+1, 0, &zNotUsed);
  if( pIdx==0 ) goto end_auto_index_create;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  if( pPartial ){
    iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pPartial, iContinue, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_PARTIALIDX;
  }
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  if( pPartial ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  
  /* Jump here when skipping the initialization */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInit);

end_auto_index_create:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pPartial);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol

  ){
    if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid ){
      UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
      tRowcnt a[2];
      u8 aff;

      /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
................................................................................
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = p->nRowEst0;
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iLower = a[0];
        iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
      }
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
#endif
  assert( pUpper==0 || (pUpper->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pLower, nOut);
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pUpper, nNew);

  /* TUNING: If there is both an upper and lower limit and neither limit
  ** has an application-defined likelihood(), assume the range is
  ** reduced by an additional 75%. This means that, by default, an open-ended
  ** range query (e.g. col > ?) is assumed to match 1/4 of the rows in the
  ** index. While a closed range (e.g. col BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated to
  ** match 1/64 of the index. */ 
  if( pLower && pLower->truthProb>0 && pUpper && pUpper->truthProb>0 ){
    nNew -= 20;
  }

  nOut -= (pLower!=0) + (pUpper!=0);
  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( pLoop->nOut>nOut ){
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("Range scan lowers nOut from %d to %d\n",
................................................................................
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
................................................................................
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }
      }else if( flags & WHERE_PARTIALIDX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
................................................................................
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
................................................................................
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
................................................................................
** relationship is inverted and needs to be adjusted.
*/
static int whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(
  const WhereLoop *pX,       /* First WhereLoop to compare */
  const WhereLoop *pY        /* Compare against this WhereLoop */
){
  int i, j;
  if( pX->nLTerm-pX->nSkip >= pY->nLTerm-pY->nSkip ){
    return 0; /* X is not a subset of Y */
  }
  if( pX->rRun >= pY->rRun ){
    if( pX->rRun > pY->rRun ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
    if( pX->nOut > pY->nOut ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
  }
  for(i=pX->nLTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( pX->aLTerm[i]==0 ) continue;
    for(j=pY->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      if( pY->aLTerm[j]==pX->aLTerm[i] ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) return 0;  /* X not a subset of Y since term X[i] not used by Y */
  }
  return 1;  /* All conditions meet */
}
................................................................................
**
**   (2) pTemplate costs more than any other WhereLoops for which pTemplate
**       is a proper subset.
**
** To say "WhereLoop X is a proper subset of Y" means that X uses fewer
** WHERE clause terms than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is
** also used by Y.











*/
static void whereLoopAdjustCost(const WhereLoop *p, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) return;

  for(; p; p=p->pNextLoop){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) continue;

    if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(p, pTemplate) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost downward so that it is cheaper than its 
      ** subset p.  Except, do not adjust the cost estimate downward for
      ** a loop that skips more columns. */
      if( pTemplate->nSkip>p->nSkip ) continue;
      WHERETRACE(0x80,("subset cost adjustment %d,%d to %d,%d\n",
                       pTemplate->rRun, pTemplate->nOut, p->rRun, p->nOut-1));
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut - 1;
    }else if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(pTemplate, p) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost upward so that it is costlier than p since
      ** pTemplate is a proper subset of p */
      WHERETRACE(0x80,("subset cost adjustment %d,%d to %d,%d\n",
                       pTemplate->rRun, pTemplate->nOut, p->rRun, p->nOut+1));
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut + 1;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );
  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];

  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);






































  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
................................................................................
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol

         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))
        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;

  /* Consider using a skip-scan if there are no WHERE clause constraints
  ** available for the left-most terms of the index, and if the average
  ** number of repeats in the left-most terms is at least 18. 
  **
  ** The magic number 18 is selected on the basis that scanning 17 rows
  ** is almost always quicker than an index seek (even though if the index
  ** contains fewer than 2^17 rows we assume otherwise in other parts of
  ** the code). And, even if it is not, it should not be too much slower. 
  ** On the other hand, the extra seeks could end up being significantly
  ** more expensive.  */
  assert( 42==sqlite3LogEst(18) );
  if( saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1]>=42  /* TUNING: Minimum for skip-scan */
   && (rc = whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;
    /* TUNING:  Because uncertainties in the estimates for skip-scan queries,
    ** add a 1.375 fudge factor to make skip-scan slightly less likely. */
    nIter += 5;
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nSkip = saved_nSkip;
    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return True if it is possible that pIndex might be useful in
** implementing the ORDER BY clause in pBuilder.
**
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
................................................................................
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pSrc->iCursor, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      testcase( pNew->iTab!=pSrc->iCursor );  /* See ticket [98d973b8f5] */
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pLoop->nSkip==0
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED  /* >=2 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x02 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- after round %d ----\n", iLoop);
      for(ii=0, pTo=aTo; ii<nTo; ii++, pTo++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %s cost=%-3d nrow=%-3d order=%c",
           wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
           pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? (pTo->isOrdered+'0') : '?');
        if( pTo->isOrdered>0 ){
          sqlite3DebugPrintf(" rev=0x%llx\n", pTo->revLoop);
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );

      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;

Changes to src/whereInt.h.

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  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      u16 nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      u16 nSkip;             /* Number of initial index columns to skip */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      i8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */

  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[4];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/








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  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      u16 nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */

      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      i8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */
  u16 nSkip;            /* Number of NULL aLTerm[] entries */
  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[3];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_PARTIALIDX   0x00020000  /* The automatic index is partial */

Added test/autoindex4.test.









































































































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# 2014-10-24
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#*************************************************************************
#
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this script is testing automatic index creation logic,
# and specifically creation of automatic partial indexes.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_execsql_test autoindex4-1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(123,'abc'),(234,'def'),(234,'ghi'),(345,'jkl');
  CREATE TABLE t2(x,y);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(987,'zyx'),(654,'wvu'),(987,'rqp');

  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1, t2 WHERE a=234 AND x=987 ORDER BY +b;
} {234 def 987 rqp | 234 def 987 zyx | 234 ghi 987 rqp | 234 ghi 987 zyx |}
do_execsql_test autoindex4-1.1 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1, t2 WHERE a=234 AND x=555;
} {}

do_execsql_test autoindex4-1.2 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON a=234 AND x=555;
} {123 abc {} {} | 234 def {} {} | 234 ghi {} {} | 345 jkl {} {} |}
do_execsql_test autoindex4-1.3 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON x=555 WHERE a=234;
} {234 def {} {} | 234 ghi {} {} |}
do_execsql_test autoindex4-1.4 {
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 WHERE a=234 AND x=555;
} {}


do_execsql_test autoindex4-2.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(e,f);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(123,654),(555,444),(234,987);

  SELECT (SELECT count(*) FROM t1, t2 WHERE a=e AND x=f), e, f, '|'
    FROM t3
   ORDER BY rowid;
} {1 123 654 | 0 555 444 | 4 234 987 |}

finish_test

Added test/e_wal.test.











































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2011 May 06
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix e_wal

db close
testvfs oldvfs -iversion 1


# EVIDENCE-OF: R-58297-14483 WAL databases can be created, read, and
# written even if shared memory is unavailable as long as the
# locking_mode is set to EXCLUSIVE before the first attempted access.
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-00449-33772 This feature allows WAL databases to be
# created, read, and written by legacy VFSes that lack the "version 2"
# shared-memory methods xShmMap, xShmLock, xShmBarrier, and xShmUnmap on
# the sqlite3_io_methods object.
#
# 1.1: "create" tests.
# 1.2: "read" tests.
# 1.3: "write" tests.
#
# All three done with VFS "oldvfs", which has iVersion==1 and so does
# not support shared memory.
# 
sqlite3 db test.db -vfs oldvfs
do_execsql_test 1.1.1 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
} {delete}
do_execsql_test 1.1.2 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
} {exclusive wal}
do_execsql_test 1.1.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
} {}
do_test 1.1.4 {
  list [file exists test.db-shm] [file exists test.db-wal]
} {0 1}

do_test 1.2.1 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db -vfs oldvfs
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 {unable to open database file}}
do_test 1.2.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE }
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 2}
do_test 1.2.3 {
  list [file exists test.db-shm] [file exists test.db-wal]
} {0 1}

do_test 1.3.1 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db -vfs oldvfs
  catchsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4) }
} {1 {unable to open database file}}
do_test 1.3.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE }
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4) }
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 2 3 4}
do_test 1.3.3 {
  list [file exists test.db-shm] [file exists test.db-wal]
} {0 1}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-31969-57825 If EXCLUSIVE locking mode is set prior to
# the first WAL-mode database access, then SQLite never attempts to call
# any of the shared-memory methods and hence no shared-memory wal-index
# is ever created.
#
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 2.1.1 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE;
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {exclusive 1 2 3 4}
do_test 2.1.2 {
  list [file exists test.db-shm] [file exists test.db-wal]
} {0 1}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-36328-16367 In that case, the database connection
# remains in EXCLUSIVE mode as long as the journal mode is WAL; attempts
# to change the locking mode using "PRAGMA locking_mode=NORMAL;" are
# no-ops.
#
do_execsql_test 2.2.1 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = NORMAL;
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {exclusive 1 2 3 4}
do_test 2.2.2 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {SELECT * FROM t1} db2
} {1 {database is locked}}
db2 close

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-63522-46088 The only way to change out of EXCLUSIVE
# locking mode is to first change out of WAL journal mode.
#
do_execsql_test 2.3.1 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = DELETE;
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {delete 1 2 3 4}
do_test 2.3.2 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {SELECT * FROM t1} db2
} {1 {database is locked}}
do_execsql_test 2.3.3 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = NORMAL;
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {normal 1 2 3 4}
do_test 2.3.4 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {SELECT * FROM t1} db2
} {0 {1 2 3 4}}
db2 close
db close


# EVIDENCE-OF: R-57239-11845 If NORMAL locking mode is in effect for the
# first WAL-mode database access, then the shared-memory wal-index is
# created.
#
do_test 3.0 {
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL }
  db close
} {}
do_test 3.1 {
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  list [file exists test.db-shm] [file exists test.db-wal]
} {1 1}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-13779-07711 As long as exactly one connection is using
# a shared-memory wal-index, the locking mode can be changed freely
# between NORMAL and EXCLUSIVE.
#
do_execsql_test 3.2.1 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE;
  PRAGMA locking_mode = NORMAL;
  PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE;
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
} {exclusive normal exclusive}
do_test 3.2.2 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {1 {database is locked}}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-10993-11647 It is only when the shared-memory wal-index
# is omitted, when the locking mode is EXCLUSIVE prior to the first
# WAL-mode database access, that the locking mode is stuck in EXCLUSIVE.
#
do_execsql_test 3.2.3 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = NORMAL;
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {normal 1 2 3 4 5 6}
do_test 3.2.4 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {0 {1 2 3 4 5 6}}

do_catchsql_test 3.2.5 {
  PRAGMA locking_mode = EXCLUSIVE;
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
} {1 {database is locked}}

db2 close

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-46197-42811 This means that the underlying VFS must
# support the "version 2" shared-memory.
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-55316-21772 If the VFS does not support shared-memory
# methods, then the attempt to open a database that is already in WAL
# mode, or the attempt convert a database into WAL mode, will fail.
#
db close
do_test 3.4.1 {
  sqlite3 db test.db -vfs oldvfs
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 {unable to open database file}}
db close
do_test 3.4.2 {
  forcedelete test.db2
  sqlite3 db test.db2 -vfs oldvfs
  catchsql { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL }
} {0 delete}
db close


# EVIDENCE-OF: R-22428-28959 To prevent older versions of SQLite from
# trying to recover a WAL-mode database (and making matters worse) the
# database file format version numbers (bytes 18 and 19 in the database
# header) are increased from 1 to 2 in WAL mode.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 4.1.1 { CREATE TABLE t1(x, y) }
do_test 4.1.2 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } {0101}
do_execsql_test 4.1.3 { PRAGMA journal_mode = wAL } {wal}
do_test 4.1.4 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } {0202}


# EVIDENCE-OF: R-02535-05811 One can explicitly change out of WAL mode
# using a pragma such as this: PRAGMA journal_mode=DELETE;
#
do_execsql_test 4.2.1 { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1); } {}
do_test 4.2.2 { file exists test.db-wal } {1}
do_execsql_test 4.2.3 { PRAGMA journal_mode = delete } {delete}
do_test 4.2.4 { file exists test.db-wal } {0}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-60175-02388 Deliberately changing out of WAL mode
# changes the database file format version numbers back to 1 so that
# older versions of SQLite can once again access the database file.
#
do_test 4.3 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } {0101}

finish_test

Added test/skipscan6.test.



































































































































































































































































































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# 2014-10-21
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file implements tests of the "skip-scan" query strategy. In 
# particular, this file verifies that use of all columns of an index
# is always preferred over the use of a skip-scan on some columns of
# the same index.  Because of difficulties in scoring a skip-scan,
# the skip-scan can sometimes come out with a lower raw score when
# using STAT4.  But the query planner should detect this and use the
# full index rather than the skip-scan.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix skipscan6

ifcapable !stat4 {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(
    aa int,
    bb int,
    cc int,
    dd int,
    ee int
  );
  CREATE INDEX ix on t1(aa, bb, cc,  dd DESC);
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1','ix','2695116 1347558 264 18 2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 196859 196859 32 1','0 15043 15043 92468 92499','0 19 286 81846 92499',X'0609010804031552977BD725BD28');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 14687 161 1 1','0 289067 299306 299457 299457','0 199 6772 273984 299457',X'060902020403013406314D67456415B819');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 19313 19308 22 1','0 325815 325815 343725 343746','0 261 9545 315009 343746',X'060902080403018A49B0A3AD1ED931');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 25047 9051 15 1','0 350443 350443 356590 356604','0 266 9795 325519 356604',X'06090208040301914C2DD2E91F93CF');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 42327 9906 7 1','0 376381 376381 380291 380297','0 268 10100 344232 380297',X'06090208040301934BF672511F7ED3');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 24513 2237 1 1','0 455150 467779 470015 470015','0 286 10880 425401 470015',X'06090202040301A703464A28F2611EF1EE');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 18730 18724 15 1','0 479663 479663 498271 498285','0 287 10998 450793 498285',X'06090208040301A8494AF3A41EC50C');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 119603 47125 1 1','0 572425 572425 598915 598915','0 404 14230 546497 598915',X'06090208040302474FD1929A03194F');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 1454 1454 1 1','0 898346 898346 898373 898373','0 952 31165 827562 898373',X'06090208040304FD53F6A2A2097F64');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 57138 7069 1 1','0 1122389 1122389 1129457 1129457','0 1967 46801 1045943 1129457',X'06090208040309884BC4C52F1F6EB7');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 285 11 1 1','0 1197683 1197824 1197831 1197831','0 2033 50990 1112280 1197831',X'06090202040309D80346503FE2A9038E4F');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 25365 9773 1 1','0 1301013 1301013 1310785 1310785','0 2561 58806 1217877 1310785',X'0609020804030C5F4C8F88AB0AF2A2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 45180 7222 1 1','0 1326378 1326378 1333599 1333599','0 2562 59921 1240187 1333599',X'0609020804030C604CAB75490B0351');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 8537 41 1 1','0 1496959 1497288 1497289 1497289','0 3050 68246 1394126 1497289',X'0609020204030EA0057F527459B0257C4B');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 26139 26131 17 1','0 1507977 1507977 1520578 1520594','0 3074 69188 1416111 1520594',X'0609020804030EB95169453423D4EA');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 102894 29678 1 1','0 1537421 1550467 1564894 1564894','0 3109 69669 1459820 1564894',X'0609020204030EE3183652A6ED3006EBCB');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 319 3 1 1','0 1796728 1796746 1796747 1796747','0 3650 86468 1682243 1796747',X'0609020204031163033550D0C41018C28D');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 127 127 1 1','0 2096194 2096194 2096205 2096205','0 5145 106437 1951535 2096205',X'060902080403180F53BB1AF727EE50');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 66574 5252 1 1','0 2230524 2265961 2271212 2271212','0 5899 114976 2085829 2271212',X'0609020204031B8A05195009976D223B90');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 19440 19440 1 1','0 2391680 2391680 2395663 2395663','0 6718 123714 2184781 2395663',X'0609020804031F7452E00A7B07431A');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 18321 2177 1 1','0 2522928 2523231 2525407 2525407','0 7838 139084 2299958 2525407',X'06090201040324A7475231103B1AA7B8');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 22384 1361 1 1','0 2541249 2544834 2546194 2546194','0 7839 139428 2308416 2546194',X'06090202040324A8011652323D4B1AA9EB');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','2677151 18699 855 1 1','0 2563633 2578178 2579032 2579032','0 7840 139947 2321671 2579032',X'06090202040324A9077452323D7D1052C5');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','ix','17965 1579 1579 1 1','2677151 2690666 2690666 2692244 2692244','1 9870 153959 2418294 2692244',X'060102080403021B8A4FE1AB84032B35');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
} {}
do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT COUNT(*)
    FROM t1
   WHERE bb=21
     AND aa=1
     AND dd BETWEEN 1413833728 and 1413837331;
} {/INDEX ix .aa=. AND bb=../}

do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  DROP INDEX ix;
  CREATE INDEX good on t1(bb, aa, dd DESC);
  CREATE INDEX bad on t1(aa, bb, cc,  dd DESC);
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1;
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat4;
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1','good','2695116 299 264 2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1','bad','2695116 1347558 264 18 2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','197030 196859 32 1','15086 15086 92511 92536','19 25 81644 92536',X'05010904031552977BD725BD22');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','14972 14687 1 1','289878 289878 299457 299457','199 244 267460 299457',X'050209040301344F7E569402C419');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','19600 19313 22 1','327127 327127 346222 346243','261 319 306884 346243',X'0502090403018A49503BC01EC577');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','25666 25047 15 1','352087 352087 372692 372706','266 327 325601 372706',X'050209040301914C2DD2E91F93CF');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','42392 42327 26 1','378657 378657 382547 382572','268 331 333529 382572',X'05020904030193533B2FE326ED48');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','24619 24513 11 1','457872 457872 461748 461758','286 358 399322 461758',X'050209040301A752B1557825EA7C');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','18969 18730 15 1','482491 482491 501105 501119','287 360 433605 501119',X'050209040301A8494AF3A41EC50C');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','119710 119603 1 1','576500 576500 598915 598915','404 505 519877 598915',X'05020904030247539A7A7912F617');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','11955 11946 1 1','889796 889796 898373 898373','938 1123 794694 898373',X'050209040304EF4DF9C4150BBB28');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','57197 57138 24 1','1129865 1129865 1151492 1151515','1967 2273 1027048 1151515',X'05020904030988533510BC26E20A');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','3609 3543 1 1','1196265 1196265 1197831 1197831','2002 2313 1070108 1197831',X'050209040309B050E95CD718D94D');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','25391 25365 13 1','1309378 1309378 1315567 1315579','2561 2936 1178358 1315579',X'05020904030C5F53DF9E13283570');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','45232 45180 17 1','1334769 1334769 1337946 1337962','2562 2938 1198998 1337962',X'05020904030C60541CACEE28BCAC');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','5496 5493 1 1','1495882 1495882 1497289 1497289','3043 3479 1348695 1497289',X'05020904030E99515C62AD0F0B34');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','26348 26139 17 1','1517381 1517381 1529990 1530006','3074 3519 1378320 1530006',X'05020904030EB95169453423D4EA');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','102927 102894 10 1','1547088 1547088 1649950 1649959','3109 3559 1494260 1649959',X'05020904030EE34D309F671FFA47');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','3602 3576 1 1','1793873 1793873 1796747 1796747','3601 4128 1630783 1796747',X'050209040311294FE88B432219B9');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','154 154 1 1','2096059 2096059 2096205 2096205','5037 5779 1893039 2096205',X'050209040317994EFF05A016DCED');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','68153 66574 60 1','2244039 2244039 2268892 2268951','5899 6749 2027553 2268951',X'05020904031B8A532DBC5A26D2BA');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','321 321 1 1','2395618 2395618 2395663 2395663','6609 7528 2118435 2395663',X'05020904031EFA54078EEE1E2D65');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','19449 19440 22 1','2407769 2407769 2426049 2426070','6718 7651 2146904 2426070',X'05020904031F7450E6118C2336BD');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','18383 18321 56 1','2539949 2539949 2551080 2551135','7838 8897 2245459 2551135',X'050209040324A752EA2E1E2642B2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','22479 22384 60 1','2558332 2558332 2565233 2565292','7839 8899 2251202 2565292',X'050209040324A853926538279A5F');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','good','18771 18699 63 1','2580811 2580811 2596914 2596976','7840 8901 2263572 2596976',X'050209040324A9526C1DE9256E72');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 196859 196859 32 1','0 15043 15043 92468 92499','0 19 286 81846 92499',X'0609010804031552977BD725BD28');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 14687 161 1 1','0 289067 299306 299457 299457','0 199 6772 273984 299457',X'060902020403013406314D67456415B819');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 19313 19308 22 1','0 325815 325815 343725 343746','0 261 9545 315009 343746',X'060902080403018A49B0A3AD1ED931');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 25047 9051 15 1','0 350443 350443 356590 356604','0 266 9795 325519 356604',X'06090208040301914C2DD2E91F93CF');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 42327 9906 7 1','0 376381 376381 380291 380297','0 268 10100 344232 380297',X'06090208040301934BF672511F7ED3');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 24513 2237 1 1','0 455150 467779 470015 470015','0 286 10880 425401 470015',X'06090202040301A703464A28F2611EF1EE');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 18730 18724 15 1','0 479663 479663 498271 498285','0 287 10998 450793 498285',X'06090208040301A8494AF3A41EC50C');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 119603 47125 1 1','0 572425 572425 598915 598915','0 404 14230 546497 598915',X'06090208040302474FD1929A03194F');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 1454 1454 1 1','0 898346 898346 898373 898373','0 952 31165 827562 898373',X'06090208040304FD53F6A2A2097F64');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 57138 7069 1 1','0 1122389 1122389 1129457 1129457','0 1967 46801 1045943 1129457',X'06090208040309884BC4C52F1F6EB7');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 285 11 1 1','0 1197683 1197824 1197831 1197831','0 2033 50990 1112280 1197831',X'06090202040309D80346503FE2A9038E4F');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 25365 9773 1 1','0 1301013 1301013 1310785 1310785','0 2561 58806 1217877 1310785',X'0609020804030C5F4C8F88AB0AF2A2');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 45180 7222 1 1','0 1326378 1326378 1333599 1333599','0 2562 59921 1240187 1333599',X'0609020804030C604CAB75490B0351');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 8537 41 1 1','0 1496959 1497288 1497289 1497289','0 3050 68246 1394126 1497289',X'0609020204030EA0057F527459B0257C4B');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 26139 26131 17 1','0 1507977 1507977 1520578 1520594','0 3074 69188 1416111 1520594',X'0609020804030EB95169453423D4EA');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 102894 29678 1 1','0 1537421 1550467 1564894 1564894','0 3109 69669 1459820 1564894',X'0609020204030EE3183652A6ED3006EBCB');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 319 3 1 1','0 1796728 1796746 1796747 1796747','0 3650 86468 1682243 1796747',X'0609020204031163033550D0C41018C28D');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 127 127 1 1','0 2096194 2096194 2096205 2096205','0 5145 106437 1951535 2096205',X'060902080403180F53BB1AF727EE50');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 66574 5252 1 1','0 2230524 2265961 2271212 2271212','0 5899 114976 2085829 2271212',X'0609020204031B8A05195009976D223B90');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 19440 19440 1 1','0 2391680 2391680 2395663 2395663','0 6718 123714 2184781 2395663',X'0609020804031F7452E00A7B07431A');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 18321 2177 1 1','0 2522928 2523231 2525407 2525407','0 7838 139084 2299958 2525407',X'06090201040324A7475231103B1AA7B8');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 22384 1361 1 1','0 2541249 2544834 2546194 2546194','0 7839 139428 2308416 2546194',X'06090202040324A8011652323D4B1AA9EB');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','2677151 18699 855 1 1','0 2563633 2578178 2579032 2579032','0 7840 139947 2321671 2579032',X'06090202040324A9077452323D7D1052C5');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat4 VALUES('t1','bad','17965 1579 1579 1 1','2677151 2690666 2690666 2692244 2692244','1 9870 153959 2418294 2692244',X'060102080403021B8A4FE1AB84032B35');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
} {}
do_execsql_test 2.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT COUNT(*)
    FROM t1
   WHERE bb=21
     AND aa=1
     AND dd BETWEEN 1413833728 and 1413837331;
} {/INDEX good .bb=. AND aa=. AND dd>. AND dd<../}



finish_test