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Artifact d2443e558c5013b22eaa25533fa22ef0ff0b1095:


# 2001 September 15
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing UNION, INTERSECT and EXCEPT operators
# in SELECT statements.
#
# $Id: select4.test,v 1.15 2004/05/14 11:00:53 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Build some test data
#
set fd [open data1.txt w]
for {set i 1} {$i<32} {incr i} {
  for {set j 0} {pow(2,$j)<$i} {incr j} {}
  puts $fd "$i\t$j"
}
close $fd
execsql {
  CREATE TABLE t1(n int, log int);
  COPY t1 FROM 'data1.txt'
}
file delete data1.txt

do_test select4-1.0 {
  execsql {SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 ORDER BY log}
} {0 1 2 3 4 5}

# Union All operator
#
do_test select4-1.1a {
  lsort [execsql {SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1}]
} {0 1 2 3 4 5}
do_test select4-1.1b {
  lsort [execsql {SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3}]
} {5 6 7 8}
do_test select4-1.1c {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}
do_test select4-1.1d {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
      UNION ALL
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-1.1e {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
      UNION ALL
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log DESC;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {8 7 6 5 5 4 3 2 1 0}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-1.1f {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=2
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 3 4}
do_test select4-1.1g {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS 
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
      UNION ALL
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=2;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 3 4}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n IN 
      (SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 UNION ALL
       SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3)
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 2 3 3 3 3}
do_test select4-1.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 ORDER BY log
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY clause should come after UNION ALL not before}}

# Union operator
#
do_test select4-2.1 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8}
do_test select4-2.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n IN 
      (SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 UNION
       SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3)
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 2 3 3 3 3}
do_test select4-2.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 ORDER BY log
    UNION
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY clause should come after UNION not before}}

# Except operator
#
do_test select4-3.1.1 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    EXCEPT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4}
do_test select4-3.1.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS 
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
      EXCEPT
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {0 1 2 3 4}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-3.1.3 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS 
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
      EXCEPT
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log DESC;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {4 3 2 1 0}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-3.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n IN 
      (SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 EXCEPT
       SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3)
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 1 2 2}
do_test select4-3.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 ORDER BY log
    EXCEPT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY clause should come after EXCEPT not before}}

# Intersect operator
#
do_test select4-4.1.1 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    INTERSECT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {5}

do_test select4-4.1.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT 6
    INTERSECT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {5 6}
do_test select4-4.1.3 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT 6
      INTERSECT
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {5 6}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-4.1.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS
      SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT 6
      INTERSECT
      SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
      ORDER BY log DESC;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {6 5}
execsql {DROP TABLE t2}
do_test select4-4.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n IN 
      (SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 INTERSECT
       SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3)
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {3}
do_test select4-4.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1 ORDER BY log
    INTERSECT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY clause should come after INTERSECT not before}}

# Various error messages while processing UNION or INTERSECT
#
do_test select4-5.1 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t2
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {no such table: t2}}
do_test select4-5.2 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log AS "xyzzy" FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY xyzzy;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}}
do_test select4-5.2b {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log AS xyzzy FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 'xyzzy';
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}}
do_test select4-5.2c {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 'xyzzy';
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY term number 1 does not match any result column}}
do_test select4-5.2d {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    INTERSECT
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 'xyzzy';
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {ORDER BY term number 1 does not match any result column}}
do_test select4-5.2e {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY n;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}}
do_test select4-5.2f {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }
} {0 {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}}
do_test select4-5.2g {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 1;
  }
} {0 {0 1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8}}
do_test select4-5.2h {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 2;
  }
} {1 {ORDER BY position 2 should be between 1 and 1}}
do_test select4-5.2i {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT 1, log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT 2, n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 2, 1;
  }
} {0 {1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 2 5 2 6 2 7 2 8}}
do_test select4-5.2j {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT 1, log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT 2, n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY 1, 2 DESC;
  }
} {0 {1 5 1 4 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 8 2 7 2 6 2 5}}
do_test select4-5.2k {
  catchsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT 1, log FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT 2, n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY n, 1;
  }
} {0 {1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 2 5 2 6 2 7 2 8}}
do_test select4-5.3 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT log, n FROM t1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT n FROM t1 WHERE log=3
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {1 {SELECTs to the left and right of UNION ALL do not have the same number of result columns}}
do_test select4-5.4 {
  set v [catch {execsql {
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n=2
    UNION ALL
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n=3
    UNION ALL
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n=4
    UNION ALL
    SELECT log FROM t1 WHERE n=5
    ORDER BY log;
  }} msg]
  lappend v $msg
} {0 {1 2 2 3}}

do_test select4-6.1 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log, count(*) as cnt FROM t1 GROUP BY log
    UNION
    SELECT log, n FROM t1 WHERE n=7
    ORDER BY cnt, log;
  }
} {0 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 7 4 8 5 15}
do_test select4-6.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT log, count(*) FROM t1 GROUP BY log
    UNION
    SELECT log, n FROM t1 WHERE n=7
    ORDER BY count(*), log;
  }
} {0 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 7 4 8 5 15}

# NULLs are indistinct for the UNION operator.
# Make sure the UNION operator recognizes this
#
do_test select4-6.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT NULL UNION SELECT NULL UNION
    SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2 AS 'x'
    ORDER BY x;
  }
} {{} 1 2}
do_test select4-6.3.1 {
  execsql {
    SELECT NULL UNION ALL SELECT NULL UNION ALL
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 2 AS 'x'
    ORDER BY x;
  }
} {{} {} 1 2}

# Make sure the DISTINCT keyword treats NULLs as indistinct.
#
do_test select4-6.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM (
       SELECT NULL, 1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL, 1
    );
  }
} {{} 1 {} 1}
do_test select4-6.5 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT * FROM (
       SELECT NULL, 1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL, 1
    );
  }
} {{} 1}
do_test select4-6.6 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT * FROM (
       SELECT 1,2  UNION ALL SELECT 1,2
    );
  }
} {1 2}

# Test distinctness of NULL in other ways.
#
do_test select4-6.7 {
  execsql {
    SELECT NULL EXCEPT SELECT NULL
  }
} {}


# Make sure column names are correct when a compound select appears as
# an expression in the WHERE clause.
#
do_test select4-7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS SELECT log AS 'x', count(*) AS 'y' FROM t1 GROUP BY log;
    SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x;
  }
} {0 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 8 5 15}  
do_test select4-7.2 {
  execsql2 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE n IN (SELECT n FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT x FROM t2)
    ORDER BY n
  }
} {n 1 log 0 n 2 log 1 n 3 log 2 n 4 log 2 n 5 log 3}
do_test select4-7.3 {
  execsql2 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE n IN (SELECT n FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT x FROM t2)
    ORDER BY n LIMIT 2
  }
} {n 6 log 3 n 7 log 3}
do_test select4-7.4 {
  execsql2 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE n IN (SELECT n FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2)
    ORDER BY n LIMIT 2
  }
} {n 1 log 0 n 2 log 1}

# Make sure DISTINCT works appropriately on TEXT and NUMERIC columns.
do_test select4-8.1 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE t3(a text, b float, c text);
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 1.1, '1.1');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(2, 1.10, '1.10');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(3, 1.10, '1.1');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(4, 1.1, '1.10');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(5, 1.2, '1.2');
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(6, 1.3, '1.3');
    COMMIT;
  }
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT b FROM t3 ORDER BY c;
  }
} {1.1 1.2 1.3}
do_test select4-8.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT c FROM t3 ORDER BY c;
  }
} {1.1 1.10 1.2 1.3}


finish_test