/ Artifact [913970b9]

Artifact 913970b9d86dd6c2b8063ef1af421880f1464ec3:

** 2003 April 6
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
** This file contains code used to implement the VACUUM command.
** Most of the code in this file may be omitted by defining the
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH)

** Execute zSql on database db.
** If zSql returns rows, then each row will have exactly one
** column.  (This will only happen if zSql begins with "SELECT".)
** Take each row of result and call execSql() again recursively.
** The execSqlF() routine does the same thing, except it accepts
** a format string as its third argument
static int execSql(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg, const char *zSql){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  int rc;

  /* printf("SQL: [%s]\n", zSql); fflush(stdout); */
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  while( SQLITE_ROW==(rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt)) ){
    const char *zSubSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql,"SELECT",6)==0 );
    if( zSubSql ){
      assert( zSubSql[0]!='S' );
      rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, zSubSql);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_ROW );
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  return rc;
static int execSqlF(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg, const char *zSql, ...){
  char *z;
  va_list ap;
  int rc;
  va_start(ap, zSql);
  z = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zSql, ap);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, z);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  return rc;

** The VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.  The VACUUM command works as follows:
**   (1)  Create a new transient database file
**   (2)  Copy all content from the database being vacuumed into
**        the new transient database file
**   (3)  Copy content from the transient database back into the
**        original database.
** The transient database requires temporary disk space approximately
** equal to the size of the original database.  The copy operation of
** step (3) requires additional temporary disk space approximately equal
** to the size of the original database for the rollback journal.
** Hence, temporary disk space that is approximately 2x the size of the
** original database is required.  Every page of the database is written
** approximately 3 times:  Once for step (2) and twice for step (3).
** Two writes per page are required in step (3) because the original
** database content must be written into the rollback journal prior to
** overwriting the database with the vacuumed content.
** Only 1x temporary space and only 1x writes would be required if
** the copy of step (3) were replaced by deleting the original database
** and renaming the transient database as the original.  But that will
** not work if other processes are attached to the original database.
** And a power loss in between deleting the original and renaming the
** transient would cause the database file to appear to be deleted
** following reboot.
void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse, Token *pNm){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int iDb = pNm ? sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pNm, pNm, &pNm) : 0;
  if( v && (iDb>=2 || iDb==0) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Vacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);

** This routine implements the OP_Vacuum opcode of the VDBE.
int sqlite3RunVacuum(char **pzErrMsg, sqlite3 *db, int iDb){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;     /* Return code from service routines */
  Btree *pMain;           /* The database being vacuumed */
  Btree *pTemp;           /* The temporary database we vacuum into */
  int saved_flags;        /* Saved value of the db->flags */
  int saved_nChange;      /* Saved value of db->nChange */
  int saved_nTotalChange; /* Saved value of db->nTotalChange */
  u8 saved_mTrace;        /* Saved trace settings */
  Db *pDb = 0;            /* Database to detach at end of vacuum */
  int isMemDb;            /* True if vacuuming a :memory: database */
  int nRes;               /* Bytes of reserved space at the end of each page */
  int nDb;                /* Number of attached databases */
  const char *zDbMain;    /* Schema name of database to vacuum */

  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "cannot VACUUM from within a transaction");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  if( db->nVdbeActive>1 ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db,"cannot VACUUM - SQL statements in progress");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;

  /* Save the current value of the database flags so that it can be 
  ** restored before returning. Then set the writable-schema flag, and
  ** disable CHECK and foreign key constraints.  */
  saved_flags = db->flags;
  saved_nChange = db->nChange;
  saved_nTotalChange = db->nTotalChange;
  saved_mTrace = db->mTrace;
  db->flags |= (SQLITE_WriteSchema | SQLITE_IgnoreChecks
                 | SQLITE_PreferBuiltin | SQLITE_Vacuum);
  db->flags &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys | SQLITE_ReverseOrder | SQLITE_CountRows);
  db->mTrace = 0;

  zDbMain = db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName;
  pMain = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
  isMemDb = sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(sqlite3BtreePager(pMain));

  /* Attach the temporary database as 'vacuum_db'. The synchronous pragma
  ** can be set to 'off' for this file, as it is not recovered if a crash
  ** occurs anyway. The integrity of the database is maintained by a
  ** (possibly synchronous) transaction opened on the main database before
  ** sqlite3BtreeCopyFile() is called.
  ** An optimisation would be to use a non-journaled pager.
  ** (Later:) I tried setting "PRAGMA vacuum_db.journal_mode=OFF" but
  ** that actually made the VACUUM run slower.  Very little journalling
  ** actually occurs when doing a vacuum since the vacuum_db is initially
  ** empty.  Only the journal header is written.  Apparently it takes more
  ** time to parse and run the PRAGMA to turn journalling off than it does
  ** to write the journal header file.
  nDb = db->nDb;
  rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, "ATTACH''AS vacuum_db");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  assert( (db->nDb-1)==nDb );
  pDb = &db->aDb[nDb];
  assert( strcmp(pDb->zDbSName,"vacuum_db")==0 );
  pTemp = pDb->pBt;

  /* The call to execSql() to attach the temp database has left the file
  ** locked (as there was more than one active statement when the transaction
  ** to read the schema was concluded. Unlock it here so that this doesn't
  ** cause problems for the call to BtreeSetPageSize() below.  */

  nRes = sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(pMain);

  /* A VACUUM cannot change the pagesize of an encrypted database. */
  if( db->nextPagesize ){
    extern void sqlite3CodecGetKey(sqlite3*, int, void**, int*);
    int nKey;
    char *zKey;
    sqlite3CodecGetKey(db, 0, (void**)&zKey, &nKey);
    if( nKey ) db->nextPagesize = 0;

  sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pTemp, db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->cache_size);
  sqlite3BtreeSetSpillSize(pTemp, sqlite3BtreeSetSpillSize(pMain,0));
  sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(pTemp, PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_OFF);

  /* Begin a transaction and take an exclusive lock on the main database
  ** file. This is done before the sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pMain) call below,
  ** to ensure that we do not try to change the page-size on a WAL database.
  rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, "BEGIN");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pMain, 2);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Do not attempt to change the page size for a WAL database */
  if( sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(pMain))
                                               ==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
    db->nextPagesize = 0;

  if( sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pTemp, sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pMain), nRes, 0)
   || (!isMemDb && sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pTemp, db->nextPagesize, nRes, 0))
   || NEVER(db->mallocFailed)
    goto end_of_vacuum;

  sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pTemp, db->nextAutovac>=0 ? db->nextAutovac :

  /* Query the schema of the main database. Create a mirror schema
  ** in the temporary database.
  db->init.iDb = nDb; /* force new CREATE statements into vacuum_db */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='table'AND name<>'sqlite_sequence'"
      " AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='index' AND length(sql)>10",
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  db->init.iDb = 0;

  /* Loop through the tables in the main database. For each, do
  ** an "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.xxx SELECT * FROM main.xxx;" to copy
  ** the contents to the temporary database.
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT'INSERT INTO vacuum_db.'||quote(name)"
      "||' SELECT*FROM\"%w\".'||quote(name)"
      "FROM vacuum_db.sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type='table'AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
  assert( (db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum)!=0 );
  db->flags &= ~SQLITE_Vacuum;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Copy the triggers, views, and virtual tables from the main database
  ** over to the temporary database.  None of these objects has any
  ** associated storage, so all we have to do is copy their entries
  ** from the SQLITE_MASTER table.
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.sqlite_master"
      " SELECT*FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type IN('view','trigger')"
      " OR(type='table'AND rootpage=0)",
  if( rc ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* At this point, there is a write transaction open on both the 
  ** vacuum database and the main database. Assuming no error occurs,
  ** both transactions are closed by this block - the main database
  ** transaction by sqlite3BtreeCopyFile() and the other by an explicit
  ** call to sqlite3BtreeCommit().
    u32 meta;
    int i;

    /* This array determines which meta meta values are preserved in the
    ** vacuum.  Even entries are the meta value number and odd entries
    ** are an increment to apply to the meta value after the vacuum.
    ** The increment is used to increase the schema cookie so that other
    ** connections to the same database will know to reread the schema.
    static const unsigned char aCopy[] = {
       BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION,     1,  /* Add one to the old schema cookie */
       BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 0,  /* Preserve the default page cache size */
       BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING,      0,  /* Preserve the text encoding */
       BTREE_USER_VERSION,       0,  /* Preserve the user version */
       BTREE_APPLICATION_ID,     0,  /* Preserve the application id */

    assert( 1==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pTemp) );
    assert( 1==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pMain) );

    /* Copy Btree meta values */
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aCopy); i+=2){
      /* GetMeta() and UpdateMeta() cannot fail in this context because
      ** we already have page 1 loaded into cache and marked dirty. */
      sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pMain, aCopy[i], &meta);
      rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(pTemp, aCopy[i], meta+aCopy[i+1]);
      if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto end_of_vacuum;

    rc = sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(pMain, pTemp);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeCommit(pTemp);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
    sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pMain, sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pTemp));

  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pMain, sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pTemp), nRes,1);

  /* Restore the original value of db->flags */
  db->init.iDb = 0;
  db->flags = saved_flags;
  db->nChange = saved_nChange;
  db->nTotalChange = saved_nTotalChange;
  db->mTrace = saved_mTrace;
  sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pMain, -1, -1, 1);

  /* Currently there is an SQL level transaction open on the vacuum
  ** database. No locks are held on any other files (since the main file
  ** was committed at the btree level). So it safe to end the transaction
  ** by manually setting the autoCommit flag to true and detaching the
  ** vacuum database. The vacuum_db journal file is deleted when the pager
  ** is closed by the DETACH.
  db->autoCommit = 1;

  if( pDb ){
    pDb->pBt = 0;
    pDb->pSchema = 0;

  /* This both clears the schemas and reduces the size of the db->aDb[]
  ** array. */ 

  return rc;