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Artifact 2b40da883658eb74ad8ad06afabe11a408e7fb87:


# 2014 January 11
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the WITH clause.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set ::testprefix with2

ifcapable {!cte} {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2);
}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  SELECT sum(a) FROM x1;
} {3}

do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  SELECT (SELECT sum(a) FROM x1);
} {3}

do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  SELECT (SELECT sum(a) FROM x1);
} {3}

do_execsql_test 1.4 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(i);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(3);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(5);

  WITH x1   AS (SELECT i FROM t2),
       i(a) AS (
         SELECT min(i)-1 FROM x1 UNION SELECT a+1 FROM i WHERE a<10
       )
  SELECT a FROM i WHERE a NOT IN x1
} {1 4 6 7 8 9 10}

do_execsql_test 1.5 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT a FROM t1),
       x2 AS (SELECT i FROM t2),
       x3 AS (SELECT * FROM x1, x2 WHERE x1.a IN x2 AND x2.i IN x1)
  SELECT * FROM x3 
} {2 2}

do_execsql_test 1.6 {
  CREATE TABLE t3 AS SELECT 3 AS x;
  CREATE TABLE t4 AS SELECT 4 AS x;

  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t3),
       x2 AS (
         WITH t3 AS (SELECT * FROM t4)
         SELECT * FROM x1
       )
  SELECT * FROM x2;
} {3}

do_execsql_test 1.7 {
  WITH x2 AS (
         WITH t3 AS (SELECT * FROM t4)
         SELECT * FROM t3
       )
  SELECT * FROM x2;
} {4}

do_execsql_test 1.8 {
  WITH x2 AS (
         WITH t3 AS (SELECT * FROM t4)
         SELECT * FROM main.t3
       )
  SELECT * FROM x2;
} {3}

do_execsql_test 1.9 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  SELECT (SELECT sum(a) FROM x1), (SELECT max(a) FROM x1);
} {3 2}

do_execsql_test 1.10 {
  WITH x1 AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  SELECT (SELECT sum(a) FROM x1), (SELECT max(a) FROM x1), a FROM x1;
} {3 2 1 3 2 2}

do_execsql_test 1.11 {
  WITH 
  i(x) AS ( 
    WITH 
    j(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM i ), 
    i(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM t1 )
    SELECT * FROM j
  )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {1 2}

do_execsql_test 1.12 {
  WITH r(i) AS (
    VALUES('.')
    UNION ALL
    SELECT i || '.' FROM r, (
      SELECT x FROM x INTERSECT SELECT y FROM y
    ) WHERE length(i) < 10
  ),
  x(x) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL VALUES(2) UNION ALL VALUES(3) ),
  y(y) AS ( VALUES(2) UNION ALL VALUES(4) UNION ALL VALUES(6) )

  SELECT * FROM r;
} {. .. ... .... ..... ...... ....... ........ ......... ..........}

do_execsql_test 1.13 {
  WITH r(i) AS (
    VALUES('.')
    UNION ALL
    SELECT i || '.' FROM r, ( SELECT x FROM x WHERE x=2 ) WHERE length(i) < 10
  ),
  x(x) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL VALUES(2) UNION ALL VALUES(3) )

  SELECT * FROM r ORDER BY length(i) DESC;
} {.......... ......... ........ ....... ...... ..... .... ... .. .}

do_execsql_test 1.14 {
  WITH 
  t4(x) AS ( 
    VALUES(4)
    UNION ALL 
    SELECT x+1 FROM t4 WHERE x<10
  )
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {4 5 6 7 8 9 10}

do_execsql_test 1.15 {
  WITH 
  t4(x) AS ( 
    VALUES(4)
    UNION ALL 
    SELECT x+1 FROM main.t4 WHERE x<10
  )
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {4 5}

do_catchsql_test 1.16 {
  WITH 
  t4(x) AS ( 
    VALUES(4)
    UNION ALL 
    SELECT x+1 FROM t4, main.t4, t4 WHERE x<10
  )
  SELECT * FROM t4;
} {1 {multiple references to recursive table: t4}}


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that variables can be used in CTEs.
#
set ::min [expr 3]
set ::max [expr 9]
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  WITH i(x) AS (
    VALUES($min) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM i WHERE x < $max
  )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {3 4 5 6 7 8 9}

do_execsql_test 2.2 {
  WITH i(x) AS (
    VALUES($min) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM i WHERE x < $max
  )
  SELECT x FROM i JOIN i AS j USING (x);
} {3 4 5 6 7 8 9}

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that circular references are rejected.
#
do_catchsql_test 3.1 {
  WITH i(x, y) AS ( VALUES(1, (SELECT x FROM i)) )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {1 {circular reference: i}}

do_catchsql_test 3.2 {
  WITH 
  i(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM j ),
  j(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM k ),
  k(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM i )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {1 {circular reference: i}}

do_catchsql_test 3.3 {
  WITH 
  i(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM j) ),
  j(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM i) )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {1 {circular reference: i}}

do_catchsql_test 3.4 {
  WITH 
  i(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM j) ),
  j(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM i) )
  SELECT * FROM j;
} {1 {circular reference: j}}

do_catchsql_test 3.5 {
  WITH 
  i(x) AS ( 
    WITH j(x) AS ( SELECT * FROM i )
    SELECT * FROM j
  )
  SELECT * FROM i;
} {1 {circular reference: i}}

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Try empty and very long column lists.
#
do_catchsql_test 4.1 {
  WITH x() AS ( SELECT 1,2,3 )
  SELECT * FROM x;
} {1 {near ")": syntax error}}

proc genstmt {n} {
  for {set i 1} {$i<=$n} {incr i} {
    lappend cols "c$i"
    lappend vals $i
  }
  return "
    WITH x([join $cols ,]) AS (SELECT [join $vals ,])
    SELECT (c$n == $n) FROM x
  "
}

do_execsql_test  4.2 [genstmt 10] 1
do_execsql_test  4.3 [genstmt 100] 1
do_execsql_test  4.4 [genstmt 255] 1
set nLimit [sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN -1]
do_execsql_test  4.5 [genstmt [expr $nLimit-1]] 1
do_execsql_test  4.6 [genstmt $nLimit] 1
do_catchsql_test 4.7 [genstmt [expr $nLimit+1]] \
  {1 {too many columns in result set}}

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that adding a WITH clause to an INSERT disables the xfer 
# optimization.
#
proc do_xfer_test {tn bXfer sql {res {}}} {
  set ::sqlite3_xferopt_count 0
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [subst -nocommands {
    set dres [db eval {$sql}]
    list [set ::sqlite3_xferopt_count] [set dres]
  }] [list $bXfer $res]]
}

do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t2;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
}

do_xfer_test 5.2 1 { INSERT INTO t1 SELECT * FROM t2 }
do_xfer_test 5.3 0 { INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a, b FROM t2 }
do_xfer_test 5.4 0 { INSERT INTO t1 SELECT b, a FROM t2 }
do_xfer_test 5.5 0 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT a, b FROM t2) INSERT INTO t1 SELECT * FROM x 
}
do_xfer_test 5.6 0 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT a, b FROM t2) INSERT INTO t1 SELECT * FROM t2 
}
do_xfer_test 5.7 0 { 
 INSERT INTO t1 WITH x AS ( SELECT * FROM t2 ) SELECT * FROM x
}
do_xfer_test 5.8 0 { 
 INSERT INTO t1 WITH x(a,b) AS ( SELECT * FROM t2 ) SELECT * FROM x
}

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that syntax (and other) errors in statements with WITH clauses
# attached to them do not cause problems (e.g. memory leaks).
#
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t2;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
}

do_catchsql_test 6.2 {
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2,);
} {1 {near ")": syntax error}}

do_catchsql_test 6.3 {
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT a, b, FROM t1;
} {1 {near "FROM": syntax error}}

do_catchsql_test 6.3 {
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT a, b FROM abc;
} {1 {no such table: abc}}

do_catchsql_test 6.4 {
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT a, b, FROM t1 a a a;
} {1 {near "FROM": syntax error}}

do_catchsql_test 6.5 {
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1)
  DELETE FROM t2 WHERE;
} {1 {near ";": syntax error}}

do_catchsql_test 6.6 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1) DELETE FROM t2 WHERE
} {/1 {near .* syntax error}/}

do_catchsql_test 6.7 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1) DELETE FROM t2 WHRE 1;
} {/1 {near .* syntax error}/}

do_catchsql_test 6.8 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1) UPDATE t2 SET a = 10, b = ;
} {/1 {near .* syntax error}/}

do_catchsql_test 6.9 { 
  WITH x AS (SELECT * FROM t1) UPDATE t2 SET a = 10, b = 1 WHERE a===b;
} {/1 {near .* syntax error}/}

do_catchsql_test 6.10 {
  WITH x(a,b) AS (
    SELECT 1, 1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT a*b,a+b FROM x WHERE c=2
  )
  SELECT * FROM x
} {1 {no such column: c}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Recursive queries in IN(...) expressions.
#
do_execsql_test 7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(x INTEGER);
  CREATE TABLE t6(y INTEGER);

  WITH s(x) AS ( VALUES(7) UNION ALL SELECT x+7 FROM s WHERE x<49 )
  INSERT INTO t5 
  SELECT * FROM s;

  INSERT INTO t6 
  WITH s(x) AS ( VALUES(2) UNION ALL SELECT x+2 FROM s WHERE x<49 )
  SELECT * FROM s;
}

do_execsql_test 7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE y IN (SELECT x FROM t5)
} {14 28 42}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  WITH ss AS (SELECT x FROM t5)
  SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE y IN (SELECT x FROM ss)
} {14 28 42}

do_execsql_test 7.4 {
  WITH ss(x) AS ( VALUES(7) UNION ALL SELECT x+7 FROM ss WHERE x<49 )
  SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE y IN (SELECT x FROM ss)
} {14 28 42}

do_execsql_test 7.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE y IN (
    WITH ss(x) AS ( VALUES(7) UNION ALL SELECT x+7 FROM ss WHERE x<49 )
    SELECT x FROM ss
  )
} {14 28 42}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# At one point the following was causing an assertion failure and a 
# memory leak.
#
do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t7(y);
  INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(NULL);
  CREATE VIEW v AS SELECT * FROM t7 ORDER BY y;
}

do_execsql_test 8.2 {
  WITH q(a) AS (
    SELECT 1
    UNION 
    SELECT a+1 FROM q, v WHERE a<5
  )
  SELECT * FROM q;
} {1 2 3 4 5}

do_execsql_test 8.3 {
  WITH q(a) AS (
    SELECT 1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT a+1 FROM q, v WHERE a<5
  )
  SELECT * FROM q;
} {1 2 3 4 5}


finish_test