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/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
** subsystem.  See comments in the source code for a detailed description
** of what each interface routine does.
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
** needs to be revisited.
*/
#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 16

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
  #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
#endif

#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_NONE 0        /* Do not do auto-vacuum */
#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_FULL 1        /* Do full auto-vacuum */
#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_INCR 2        /* Incremental vacuum */

/*
** Forward declarations of structure
*/
typedef struct Btree Btree;
typedef struct BtCursor BtCursor;
typedef struct BtShared BtShared;


int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,       /* VFS to use with this b-tree */
  const char *zFilename,   /* Name of database file to open */
  sqlite3 *db,             /* Associated database connection */
  Btree **ppBtree,         /* Return open Btree* here */
  int flags,               /* Flags */
  int vfsFlags             /* Flags passed through to VFS open */
);

/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeOpen can be the bitwise or of the
** following values.
**
** NOTE:  These values must match the corresponding PAGER_ values in
** pager.h.
*/
#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */

int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif
int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);
int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);
int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *, int, int);

const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *);
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *, Btree *);

int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *);

/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeCreateTable can be the bitwise OR
** of the flags shown below.
**
** Every SQLite table must have either BTREE_INTKEY or BTREE_BLOBKEY set.
** With BTREE_INTKEY, the table key is a 64-bit integer and arbitrary data
** is stored in the leaves.  (BTREE_INTKEY is used for SQL tables.)  With
** BTREE_BLOBKEY, the key is an arbitrary BLOB and no content is stored
** anywhere - the key is the content.  (BTREE_BLOBKEY is used for SQL
** indices.)
*/
#define BTREE_INTKEY     1    /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
#define BTREE_BLOBKEY    2    /* Table has keys only - no data */

int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int, int);

void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);

int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btree *p);

/*
** The second parameter to sqlite3BtreeGetMeta or sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta
** should be one of the following values. The integer values are assigned 
** to constants so that the offset of the corresponding field in an
** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
**
**   offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
**
** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).
**
** The BTREE_DATA_VERSION value is not really a value stored in the header.
** It is a read-only number computed by the pager.  But we merge it with
** the header value access routines since its access pattern is the same.
** Call it a "virtual meta value".
*/
#define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT     0
#define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION      1
#define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT         2
#define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  3
#define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE   4
#define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING       5
#define BTREE_USER_VERSION        6
#define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM         7
#define BTREE_APPLICATION_ID      8
#define BTREE_DATA_VERSION        15  /* A virtual meta-value */

/*
** Kinds of hints that can be passed into the sqlite3BtreeCursorHint()
** interface.
**
** BTREE_HINT_RANGE  (arguments: Expr*, Mem*)
**
**     The first argument is an Expr* (which is guaranteed to be constant for
**     the lifetime of the cursor) that defines constraints on which rows
**     might be fetched with this cursor.  The Expr* tree may contain
**     TK_REGISTER nodes that refer to values stored in the array of registers
**     passed as the second parameter.  In other words, if Expr.op==TK_REGISTER
**     then the value of the node is the value in Mem[pExpr.iTable].  Any
**     TK_COLUMN node in the expression tree refers to the Expr.iColumn-th
**     column of the b-tree of the cursor.  The Expr tree will not contain
**     any function calls nor subqueries nor references to b-trees other than
**     the cursor being hinted.
**
**     The design of the _RANGE hint is aid b-tree implementations that try
**     to prefetch content from remote machines - to provide those
**     implementations with limits on what needs to be prefetched and thereby
**     reduce network bandwidth.
**
** Note that BTREE_HINT_FLAGS with BTREE_BULKLOAD is the only hint used by
** standard SQLite.  The other hints are provided for extentions that use
** the SQLite parser and code generator but substitute their own storage
** engine.
*/
#define BTREE_HINT_RANGE 0       /* Range constraints on queries */

/*
** Values that may be OR'd together to form the argument to the
** BTREE_HINT_FLAGS hint for sqlite3BtreeCursorHint():
**
** The BTREE_BULKLOAD flag is set on index cursors when the index is going
** to be filled with content that is already in sorted order.
**
** The BTREE_SEEK_EQ flag is set on cursors that will get OP_SeekGE or
** OP_SeekLE opcodes for a range search, but where the range of entries
** selected will all have the same key.  In other words, the cursor will
** be used only for equality key searches.
**
*/
#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001  /* Used to full index in sorted order */
#define BTREE_SEEK_EQ  0x00000002  /* EQ seeks only - no range seeks */

/* 
** Flags passed as the third argument to sqlite3BtreeCursor().
**
** For read-only cursors the wrFlag argument is always zero. For read-write
** cursors it may be set to either (BTREE_WRCSR|BTREE_FORDELETE) or
** (BTREE_WRCSR). If the BTREE_FORDELETE flag is set, then the cursor will
** only be used by SQLite for the following:
**
**   * to seek to and delete specific entries, and/or
**
**   * to read values that will be used to create keys that other
**     BTREE_FORDELETE cursors will seek to and delete.
*/
#define BTREE_WRCSR     0x00000004     /* read-write cursor */
#define BTREE_FORDELETE 0x00000008     /* Cursor is for seek/delete only */

int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree*,                              /* BTree containing table to open */
  int iTable,                          /* Index of root page */
  int wrFlag,                          /* 1 for writing.  0 for read-only */
  struct KeyInfo*,                     /* First argument to compare function */
  BtCursor *pCursor                    /* Space to write cursor structure */
);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(void);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor*);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorHintFlags(BtCursor*, unsigned);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
void sqlite3BtreeCursorHint(BtCursor*, int, ...);
#endif

int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(
  BtCursor*,
  UnpackedRecord *pUnKey,
  i64 intKey,
  int bias,
  int *pRes
);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorRestore(BtCursor*, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*, int);
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, i64 nKey,
                                  const void *pData, int nData,
                                  int nZero, int bias, int seekResult);
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void);

#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3BtreeCheckpoint(Btree*, int, int *, int *);
#endif

/*
** If we are not using shared cache, then there is no need to
** use mutexes to access the BtShared structures.  So make the
** Enter and Leave procedures no-ops.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  void sqlite3BtreeEnter(Btree*);
  void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3*);
#else
# define sqlite3BtreeEnter(X) 
# define sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(X)
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  int sqlite3BtreeSharable(Btree*);
  void sqlite3BtreeLeave(Btree*);
  void sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(BtCursor*);
  void sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(BtCursor*);
  void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3*);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* These routines are used inside assert() statements only. */
  int sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(Btree*);
  int sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(sqlite3*);
  int sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(sqlite3*,int,Schema*);
#endif
#else

# define sqlite3BtreeSharable(X) 0
# define sqlite3BtreeLeave(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(X)

# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(X) 1
# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(X) 1
# define sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(X,Y,Z) 1
#endif


#endif /* _BTREE_H_ */