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Overview
Comment:Update to the SQLite 3.8.1 beta.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:d206057b31b9000df41582439d7f4de7320c6be8
User & Date: drh 2013-10-14 13:44:38
Context
2013-11-26
20:34
Import latest SQLite from upstream. check-in: 50ffe6bef8 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-10-14
13:44
Update to the SQLite 3.8.1 beta. check-in: d206057b31 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-08-31
20:22
Rename the PostgreSQL DSN in the test batch file for consistency. check-in: ca64580860 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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31480
31481
31482
31483
31484
31485
31486
31487
31488
31489
31490
31491
31492
31493
31494
31495
31496
31497
31498
31499
31500
31501
31502
31503
31504
31505
31506
31507
31508
31509
31510
31511
31512
31513
31514
31515
31516
31517
31518
31519
31520
31521
31522
31523
31524
31525
31526
31527
31528
31529
31530
31531
31532
31533
31534
31535
31536
31537
31538
31539
31540
31541
31542
31543
31544
31545
31546
31547
31548
31549
31550
31551
31552
31553
31554
31555
31556
31557
31558
31559
31560
31561
31562
31563
31564
31565
31566
31567
31568
31569
31570
31571
31572
31573
31574
31575
31576
31577
31578
31579
31580
31581
31582
31583
31584
31585
31586
31587
.....
31729
31730
31731
31732
31733
31734
31735




31736
31737
31738
31739
31740
31741
31742





31743
31744
31745

31746
31747
31748
31749
31750
31751
31752
.....
31763
31764
31765
31766
31767
31768
31769
31770
31771
31772
31773
31774
31775
31776
31777
.....
31784
31785
31786
31787
31788
31789
31790
31791
31792
31793
31794
31795
31796
31797
31798
.....
31810
31811
31812
31813
31814
31815
31816
31817
31818
31819
31820
31821
31822
31823
31824
.....
31834
31835
31836
31837
31838
31839
31840
31841
31842
31843
31844
31845
31846
31847
31848
.....
31864
31865
31866
31867
31868
31869
31870
31871
31872
31873
31874
31875
31876
31877
31878
31879
31880
31881
31882
31883
31884
31885
31886
31887
31888
31889
31890
.....
31904
31905
31906
31907
31908
31909
31910
31911
31912
31913
31914
31915
31916
31917
31918
.....
31945
31946
31947
31948
31949
31950
31951
31952
31953
31954
31955
31956
31957
31958
31959
.....
31970
31971
31972
31973
31974
31975
31976
31977
31978
31979
31980
31981
31982
31983
31984
.....
31998
31999
32000
32001
32002
32003
32004
32005
32006
32007
32008
32009
32010
32011
32012
.....
32028
32029
32030
32031
32032
32033
32034
32035
32036
32037
32038
32039
32040
32041
32042
.....
32058
32059
32060
32061
32062
32063
32064
32065
32066
32067
32068
32069
32070
32071
32072
32073
32074
32075
32076
32077
32078
32079
32080
32081
32082
32083
32084
32085
32086
32087
32088
32089
32090
32091
32092
32093
.....
32109
32110
32111
32112
32113
32114
32115
32116
32117
32118
32119
32120
32121
32122
32123
32124
32125
32126
32127
32128
32129
32130
32131
32132
32133
32134
32135
32136
32137
32138
32139
32140
32141
32142
32143
32144
32145
32146
32147
32148
32149
32150
32151
32152
32153
32154
32155
32156
32157
.....
32160
32161
32162
32163
32164
32165
32166
32167
32168
32169
32170
32171
32172
32173
32174
.....
32228
32229
32230
32231
32232
32233
32234
32235
32236
32237
32238
32239
32240
32241
32242
.....
32253
32254
32255
32256
32257
32258
32259
32260
32261
32262
32263
32264
32265
32266
32267
32268
32269
32270
32271
32272
32273
32274
32275
32276
32277
32278
32279
32280
32281
32282
32283
32284
32285
32286
32287
32288
32289
32290
32291
32292
32293
32294
32295
32296
32297
32298
32299
32300
32301
32302
32303
.....
32354
32355
32356
32357
32358
32359
32360
32361
32362
32363
32364
32365
32366
32367
32368
.....
32374
32375
32376
32377
32378
32379
32380

32381
32382
32383
32384
32385
32386
32387
32388
32389
32390
32391
.....
32627
32628
32629
32630
32631
32632
32633
32634
32635
32636
32637
32638
32639
32640
32641
.....
32658
32659
32660
32661
32662
32663
32664
32665
32666
32667
32668
32669
32670
32671
32672
.....
32688
32689
32690
32691
32692
32693
32694
32695
32696
32697
32698
32699
32700
32701
32702
.....
32713
32714
32715
32716
32717
32718
32719
32720
32721
32722
32723
32724
32725
32726
32727
.....
32734
32735
32736
32737
32738
32739
32740
32741
32742
32743
32744
32745
32746
32747
32748
32749
32750
32751
32752

32753
32754
32755
32756
32757
32758
32759
.....
32849
32850
32851
32852
32853
32854
32855
32856
32857
32858
32859
32860
32861
32862
32863
32864
32865
32866
32867
32868
32869
32870
32871
32872
32873
32874
32875
32876
32877
32878
32879
32880
32881
32882
.....
32921
32922
32923
32924
32925
32926
32927
32928
32929
32930
32931
32932
32933
32934
32935
.....
32946
32947
32948
32949
32950
32951
32952
32953
32954
32955
32956
32957
32958
32959
32960
.....
32972
32973
32974
32975
32976
32977
32978
32979

32980
32981
32982
32983
32984
32985
32986
32987
32988
32989
32990
32991
32992
.....
33007
33008
33009
33010
33011
33012
33013
33014
33015
33016
33017
33018
33019
33020
33021
.....
33088
33089
33090
33091
33092
33093
33094

33095
33096
33097
33098
33099
33100
33101
33102
33103
33104
33105
33106
33107
33108
33109
33110
33111
33112
33113
.....
33140
33141
33142
33143
33144
33145
33146
33147
33148
33149
33150
33151
33152
33153
33154
.....
33185
33186
33187
33188
33189
33190
33191
33192
33193
33194
33195
33196
33197
33198
33199
33200
33201
33202
.....
33220
33221
33222
33223
33224
33225
33226
33227
33228
33229
33230
33231
33232
33233
33234
33235
33236
33237
33238
33239
33240
33241
33242
33243
33244
33245
33246
33247
33248
33249
.....
33326
33327
33328
33329
33330
33331
33332
33333
33334
33335
33336
33337
33338
33339
33340
.....
33357
33358
33359
33360
33361
33362
33363
33364
33365
33366
33367
33368
33369
33370
33371
33372
33373
33374
33375
33376
33377
33378
.....
33381
33382
33383
33384
33385
33386
33387
33388
33389
33390
33391


33392
33393
33394
33395
33396
33397
33398
.....
33444
33445
33446
33447
33448
33449
33450
33451
33452
33453
33454
33455
33456
33457
33458
33459
33460
33461
33462
33463
33464
33465
33466
33467
33468
33469
.....
33482
33483
33484
33485
33486
33487
33488
33489
33490
33491
33492
33493
33494
33495
33496
33497
33498
33499
33500
.....
33546
33547
33548
33549
33550
33551
33552
33553
33554
33555
33556
33557
33558
33559
33560
33561
33562
33563
33564
33565
33566
33567
33568

33569
33570
33571
33572
33573
33574
33575
33576
33577
33578
33579
.....
33582
33583
33584
33585
33586
33587
33588
33589
33590
33591
33592
33593
33594
33595
33596
.....
33788
33789
33790
33791
33792
33793
33794
33795
33796
33797
33798
33799
33800
33801
33802
33803
33804
33805
33806
33807

33808
33809
33810

33811
33812
33813
33814
33815
33816
33817
.....
33898
33899
33900
33901
33902
33903
33904
33905
33906
33907
33908
33909
33910
33911
33912
.....
34158
34159
34160
34161
34162
34163
34164
34165
34166
34167
34168
34169
34170
34171
34172
.....
34173
34174
34175
34176
34177
34178
34179
34180
34181
34182
34183
34184
34185
34186
34187
.....
34227
34228
34229
34230
34231
34232
34233
34234
34235
34236
34237
34238
34239
34240
34241
.....
34275
34276
34277
34278
34279
34280
34281
34282
34283
34284
34285
34286
34287
34288
34289
34290
34291
34292
34293
34294
34295
34296
34297
34298
34299
34300
34301
.....
34362
34363
34364
34365
34366
34367
34368
34369
34370
34371
34372
34373
34374
34375
34376
34377
34378
34379
34380
34381
34382
34383
34384
34385
34386
34387

34388
34389
34390
34391
34392
34393
34394
34395
34396
.....
34521
34522
34523
34524
34525
34526
34527





















34528
34529
34530
34531
34532
34533
34534
34535
34536
34537
34538
34539
34540
34541
34542
34543
34544
34545
34546
34547
34548
34549
34550
34551
34552

34553
34554
34555
34556



34557
34558
34559

34560
34561

34562
34563
34564
34565
34566
34567
34568
34569
34570
34571
34572
34573
34574
34575















34576
34577

34578

34579



















































































34580
34581
34582

34583




34584


34585
34586

34587
34588
34589
34590

34591

34592


34593
34594
34595
34596
34597
34598
34599
34600





34601

34602
34603

34604
34605
34606
34607
34608
34609

34610
34611
34612
34613
34614
34615
34616
34617
34618
34619
34620
34621
34622
34623
34624
34625
34626
34627
34628
34629
34630
34631
34632
34633
34634
34635
34636
34637
34638

34639
34640

34641
34642
34643
34644
34645
34646
34647
34648
34649
34650
34651
34652
34653
34654
34655

34656
34657
34658
34659
34660
34661
34662
.....
34664
34665
34666
34667
34668
34669
34670
34671
34672
34673
34674
34675
34676
34677
34678
34679
34680
34681
34682
34683
34684
.....
34687
34688
34689
34690
34691
34692
34693
34694
34695
34696
34697
34698
34699
34700
34701
.....
34710
34711
34712
34713
34714
34715
34716
34717
34718
34719
34720
34721
34722
34723
34724
.....
34765
34766
34767
34768
34769
34770
34771
34772
34773
34774
34775
34776
34777
34778
34779
34780
34781
34782
34783
34784
34785
34786
34787
34788
34789
34790
34791
34792
34793
34794
34795
34796
34797
34798
34799
34800

34801
34802
34803
34804
34805
34806

34807
34808
34809
34810
34811
34812
34813
.....
34846
34847
34848
34849
34850
34851
34852
34853
34854
34855
34856
34857
34858
34859
34860
.....
34861
34862
34863
34864
34865
34866
34867
34868
34869
34870
34871
34872
34873
34874
34875
34876
34877
34878
34879
34880
34881
34882
34883
34884
34885
34886
34887
34888
34889
34890
34891
34892
34893
34894
34895
34896
34897
34898
34899
34900
34901
34902
34903
34904

34905
34906
34907
34908
34909
34910
34911
.....
34926
34927
34928
34929
34930
34931
34932

34933
34934
34935
34936
34937
34938
34939
34940
34941

34942
34943
34944
34945
34946
34947
34948
.....
34988
34989
34990
34991
34992
34993
34994
34995
34996

34997
34998
34999
35000
35001
35002
35003
35004
35005
35006
.....
35031
35032
35033
35034
35035
35036
35037
35038
35039
35040
35041
35042
35043
35044
35045
.....
35059
35060
35061
35062
35063
35064
35065
35066
35067
35068
35069
35070
35071
35072
35073
35074
35075
35076
35077
35078
35079
35080
35081
35082
35083
35084
.....
35096
35097
35098
35099
35100
35101
35102
35103
35104
35105
35106
35107
35108
35109
35110
35111
35112
35113
35114
35115
35116
35117
35118
35119
35120
35121
35122
35123
35124
35125
35126
35127
35128
35129
35130
35131

35132
35133
35134
35135
35136
35137
35138
.....
35154
35155
35156
35157
35158
35159
35160









35161
35162
35163
35164
35165
35166
35167
.....
35171
35172
35173
35174
35175
35176
35177
35178
35179
35180
35181
35182
35183
35184
35185
35186
35187
35188
35189
35190
35191
35192
35193
35194
35195
.....
35207
35208
35209
35210
35211
35212
35213
35214
35215
35216
35217
35218
35219
35220
35221
35222
35223



35224
35225


35226
35227
35228
35229
35230
35231

35232
35233
35234
35235
35236
35237
35238
35239
35240
35241
35242
35243
.....
35246
35247
35248
35249
35250
35251
35252
35253
35254
35255
35256
35257
35258
35259
35260
35261
.....
35262
35263
35264
35265
35266
35267
35268
35269
35270
35271
35272
35273
35274
35275
35276
.....
35279
35280
35281
35282
35283
35284
35285
35286
35287
35288
35289
35290
35291
35292
35293
35294
35295
35296
35297
35298
35299
35300
35301

35302
35303
35304
35305
35306
35307
35308
35309
35310
35311
35312
35313
35314
35315

35316
35317
35318
35319
35320
35321
35322
35323
35324
35325
35326
35327
35328
35329

35330
35331
35332
35333
35334
35335
35336
35337
35338
35339
35340
35341
35342
35343

35344
35345
35346
35347
35348
35349
35350
.....
35364
35365
35366
35367
35368
35369
35370
35371
35372
35373
35374
35375
35376
35377
35378
35379
35380
35381
35382
35383
.....
35386
35387
35388
35389
35390
35391
35392
35393
35394
35395
35396
35397
35398
35399
35400
.....
35562
35563
35564
35565
35566
35567
35568
35569
35570
35571
35572
35573
35574
35575
35576
35577
35578
35579
35580
35581
35582
35583
35584
35585
35586
.....
35593
35594
35595
35596
35597
35598
35599


























35600
35601
35602
35603
35604
35605
35606
35607
35608
35609
35610
35611
35612
35613
35614
35615





35616
35617
35618
35619
35620
35621
35622
.....
48692
48693
48694
48695
48696
48697
48698
48699
48700
48701
48702
48703
48704
48705
48706
48707
48708
48709
48710
48711
48712
48713
48714
48715
48716
48717
48718
48719
48720

48721
48722
48723
48724
48725
48726
48727
48728
.....
52243
52244
52245
52246
52247
52248
52249
52250
52251
52252
52253
52254
52255
52256
52257
.....
59836
59837
59838
59839
59840
59841
59842
59843













59844
59845
59846
59847
59848
59849
59850





59851













































59852








59853
59854
59855
59856
59857

59858
59859
59860
59861
59862
59863

59864
59865
59866
59867
59868
59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
.....
59886
59887
59888
59889
59890
59891
59892
59893
59894
59895
59896
59897
59898
59899
59900
.....
59903
59904
59905
59906
59907
59908
59909
59910
59911
59912
59913
59914


59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922
59923
59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935
59936
59937
59938
59939
59940
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
59947
59948
59949
59950
59951
59952
59953


59954
59955



59956
59957
59958
























































































































































































59959
59960
59961
59962
59963
59964
59965
.....
60596
60597
60598
60599
60600
60601
60602
60603
60604
60605
60606
60607
60608
60609
60610
.....
62428
62429
62430
62431
62432
62433
62434

62435
62436
62437
62438
62439
62440
62441
.....
63823
63824
63825
63826
63827
63828
63829

63830
63831
63832
63833
63834
63835
63836
.....
63847
63848
63849
63850
63851
63852
63853













63854
63855
63856
63857
63858
63859
63860
.....
66000
66001
66002
66003
66004
66005
66006

66007
66008
66009
66010
66011
66012
66013
.....
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
66082
66083
66084
66085
66086
66087
66088
66089
66090
66091
66092
66093
66094
66095
66096
66097
66098
66099
66100
66101
66102
66103
66104
66105
66106
66107
66108
66109
66110
66111
66112
66113
66114
66115
66116
66117
66118
66119
.....
66198
66199
66200
66201
66202
66203
66204
66205
66206
66207
66208
66209
66210
66211
66212
.....
66414
66415
66416
66417
66418
66419
66420
66421
66422
66423
66424
66425
66426
66427
66428
.....
66487
66488
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497
66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
.....
66576
66577
66578
66579
66580
66581
66582
66583
66584
66585
66586
66587
66588
66589
66590
.....
66856
66857
66858
66859
66860
66861
66862
66863
66864
66865
66866
66867
66868
66869
66870
66871
66872
66873
66874
.....
66888
66889
66890
66891
66892
66893
66894
66895
66896
66897
66898
66899
66900
66901
66902
.....
67396
67397
67398
67399
67400
67401
67402
67403
67404
67405
67406
67407
67408
67409
67410
67411
67412
67413
67414
.....
67657
67658
67659
67660
67661
67662
67663
67664
67665
67666
67667
67668
67669
67670
67671
.....
67957
67958
67959
67960
67961
67962
67963
67964
67965
67966
67967
67968
67969
67970
67971
.....
68020
68021
68022
68023
68024
68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
68034
.....
68086
68087
68088
68089
68090
68091
68092
68093
68094
68095
68096
68097
68098
68099
68100
.....
68682
68683
68684
68685
68686
68687
68688
68689
68690
68691
68692
68693
68694
68695
68696
.....
69233
69234
69235
69236
69237
69238
69239
69240
69241
69242
69243
69244
69245
69246
69247
.....
69440
69441
69442
69443
69444
69445
69446
69447
69448
69449
69450
69451
69452
69453
69454
.....
70118
70119
70120
70121
70122
70123
70124
70125
70126
70127
70128
70129
70130
70131
70132
.....
70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340

70341
70342
70343
70344
70345
70346
70347
.....
70540
70541
70542
70543
70544
70545
70546
70547
70548
70549
70550
70551
70552
70553
70554
.....
70976
70977
70978
70979
70980
70981
70982
70983
70984
70985
70986
70987
70988
70989
70990
70991
70992
70993
70994
70995
70996
70997
70998
70999
71000
71001
.....
71025
71026
71027
71028
71029
71030
71031
71032
71033
71034
71035
71036
71037
71038
71039
.....
71456
71457
71458
71459
71460
71461
71462
71463
71464
71465
71466
71467
71468
71469
71470
.....
73915
73916
73917
73918
73919
73920
73921
73922
73923
73924
73925
73926
73927
73928
73929
.....
74134
74135
74136
74137
74138
74139
74140

74141
74142
74143
74144
74145
74146
74147
.....
74156
74157
74158
74159
74160
74161
74162
74163
74164
74165
74166
74167
74168
74169
74170
.....
74256
74257
74258
74259
74260
74261
74262
74263
74264
74265
74266
74267
74268
74269
74270
74271
74272
74273
74274
74275
.....
74597
74598
74599
74600
74601
74602
74603













74604
74605
74606
74607
74608
74609
74610
.....
74618
74619
74620
74621
74622
74623
74624
74625
74626
74627
74628
74629
74630
74631
74632
.....
74710
74711
74712
74713
74714
74715
74716

















74717
74718
74719
74720
74721
74722
74723
.....
75490
75491
75492
75493
75494
75495
75496
75497
75498
75499
75500
75501
75502
75503
75504
.....
75519
75520
75521
75522
75523
75524
75525
75526
75527
75528
75529
75530
75531
75532
75533
.....
75534
75535
75536
75537
75538
75539
75540
75541
75542
75543
75544







75545
75546
75547

75548
75549
75550
75551
75552
75553
75554
.....
76045
76046
76047
76048
76049
76050
76051
76052
76053
76054
76055
76056
76057
76058
76059
.....
76115
76116
76117
76118
76119
76120
76121
76122
76123
76124
76125
76126
76127
76128
76129
76130
76131
76132
76133
76134
.....
76180
76181
76182
76183
76184
76185
76186


76187
76188
76189
76190
76191
76192
76193
76194
76195
76196

76197
76198
76199
76200
76201
76202
76203
.....
76283
76284
76285
76286
76287
76288
76289
76290
76291
76292
76293
76294
76295
76296
76297
.....
76303
76304
76305
76306
76307
76308
76309
76310
76311
76312
76313
76314
76315
76316
76317
76318
76319
76320
76321
76322
76323
76324
76325
76326
76327
76328
.....
76624
76625
76626
76627
76628
76629
76630
76631
76632
76633
76634
76635
76636
76637
76638
.....
76727
76728
76729
76730
76731
76732
76733
76734
76735
76736
76737
76738
76739
76740
76741
.....
77055
77056
77057
77058
77059
77060
77061
77062
77063
77064
77065
77066
77067
77068
77069
.....
77124
77125
77126
77127
77128
77129
77130
77131
77132
77133
77134
77135
77136
77137
77138
.....
77293
77294
77295
77296
77297
77298
77299
77300
77301
77302
77303
77304
77305
77306
77307
.....
77764
77765
77766
77767
77768
77769
77770










77771
77772
77773
77774
77775
77776
77777
.....
77890
77891
77892
77893
77894
77895
77896
77897
77898
77899
77900
77901
77902
77903
77904
.....
78064
78065
78066
78067
78068
78069
78070
78071
78072
78073
78074
78075
78076
78077
78078
.....
78083
78084
78085
78086
78087
78088
78089
78090
78091
78092
78093
78094
78095
78096
78097
.....
78098
78099
78100
78101
78102
78103
78104








78105
78106
78107
78108
78109
78110
78111
78112
78113
78114
78115
78116
78117
78118
78119
78120
78121

78122
78123
78124
78125
78126
78127
78128
78129
78130
.....
78149
78150
78151
78152
78153
78154
78155
78156
78157
78158
78159
78160
78161
78162
78163
78164
78165
78166
78167
.....
78294
78295
78296
78297
78298
78299
78300
78301
78302
78303
78304
78305
78306
78307
78308
78309
78310
.....
78317
78318
78319
78320
78321
78322
78323
78324
78325
78326
78327
78328
78329
78330
78331
78332
78333
78334
78335
78336
78337
78338
78339
78340
78341
78342
78343
78344
78345
78346
78347
78348
78349
78350
78351
78352
78353
.....
78357
78358
78359
78360
78361
78362
78363
78364
78365
78366
78367
78368
78369
78370
78371
78372
78373
.....
78471
78472
78473
78474
78475
78476
78477
78478
78479
78480
78481
78482
78483
78484
78485
78486
78487
.....
78552
78553
78554
78555
78556
78557
78558
78559
78560
78561
78562
78563
78564
78565
78566
.....
78603
78604
78605
78606
78607
78608
78609
78610
78611
78612
78613
78614
78615
78616
78617
.....
78852
78853
78854
78855
78856
78857
78858
78859
78860
78861
78862
78863
78864
78865
78866
78867
78868
.....
78952
78953
78954
78955
78956
78957
78958
78959
78960
78961
78962
78963
78964
78965
78966
78967
78968
.....
79269
79270
79271
79272
79273
79274
79275
79276
79277
79278
79279
79280
79281
79282
79283
79284
.....
79484
79485
79486
79487
79488
79489
79490
79491
79492
79493
79494
79495
79496
79497
79498
.....
79533
79534
79535
79536
79537
79538
79539
79540
79541
79542
79543
79544
79545
79546
79547
.....
79579
79580
79581
79582
79583
79584
79585
79586
79587
79588
79589
79590
79591
79592
79593
79594
.....
80387
80388
80389
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
.....
80528
80529
80530
80531
80532
80533
80534
80535
80536
80537
80538
80539
80540
80541
80542
.....
80549
80550
80551
80552
80553
80554
80555

80556
80557
80558
80559
80560
80561
80562
80563
80564







80565
80566
80567
80568
80569
80570
80571
80572

80573
80574
80575
80576
80577
80578
80579
.....
80612
80613
80614
80615
80616
80617
80618
80619
80620

80621
80622







80623
80624
80625
80626
80627
80628


80629









80630
80631
80632
80633
80634
80635
80636
80637
80638
80639
80640
80641
80642
80643
80644
80645
80646
80647










80648
80649
80650














80651
80652
80653
80654
80655



80656
80657
80658
80659
80660
80661
80662
80663
80664
80665
80666
80667
80668
80669
80670
80671
80672
80673
80674
80675
80676
80677
80678



80679
80680




80681
80682
80683
80684
80685
80686
80687
80688
80689
80690



80691
80692
80693
80694
80695
80696
80697
80698
80699
80700
80701
80702

80703
80704
80705
80706
80707
80708
80709
80710
80711

80712
80713
80714
80715
80716

80717
80718
80719

80720
80721
80722
80723
80724
80725
80726
80727
80728
80729

80730
80731
80732
80733
80734
80735
80736
80737
80738
80739
80740
80741
80742
80743
80744
80745
80746
80747
80748
80749
80750
80751
80752
80753
80754
80755
80756
80757
80758
80759
80760
80761
80762
80763
80764
80765
80766
80767
80768
80769
80770
80771
80772
80773
80774
80775
80776
80777
80778
80779
80780
80781
80782
80783
80784
80785
80786
80787
80788
80789
80790
80791
80792
80793
80794
80795
80796
80797
80798
80799
80800
80801
80802
80803
80804
80805
80806
80807
80808
80809
80810
80811
80812
80813
80814
80815
80816
80817
80818
80819
80820
80821
80822
80823
80824
80825
80826
80827
80828
80829
80830
80831
80832
80833
80834
80835
80836
80837
80838
80839
80840
80841
80842
80843
80844
80845
80846
80847
80848
80849
80850
80851
80852
80853
80854
80855
80856
80857
80858
80859
80860
80861
80862
80863
80864
80865
80866
80867
80868
80869
80870
80871
80872
80873
80874
80875
80876
80877
80878
80879
80880
80881
80882
80883
80884
80885
80886
80887
80888
80889
80890
80891
80892
80893
80894
80895
80896
80897
80898
80899
80900
80901
80902
80903
80904
80905
80906
80907
80908
80909
80910
80911
80912
80913
80914
80915
80916
80917
80918
80919
80920
80921
80922
80923
80924
80925
80926
80927
80928
80929
80930
80931
80932
80933
80934
80935
80936
80937
80938
80939
80940
80941
80942
80943
80944
80945
80946
80947
80948
80949
80950
80951
80952
80953
80954
80955
80956
80957
80958
80959
80960
80961
80962
80963
80964
80965

















































































































































































































































































































































































80966
80967
80968
80969

80970
80971
80972
80973
80974
80975
80976
80977
80978
80979
80980
80981
80982
80983
80984
80985
80986
80987
80988
80989
80990
80991
80992
80993
80994
80995
80996
80997
80998




80999
81000

81001
81002
81003
81004
81005
81006
81007
.....
81017
81018
81019
81020
81021
81022
81023
81024



81025
81026

81027


81028

81029
81030

81031
81032
81033



81034
81035
81036
81037
81038
81039
81040
81041
81042
81043
81044
81045
81046
81047
81048
81049
81050
81051
81052
81053
81054
81055
81056
81057
81058
81059
81060
81061
81062
81063
81064
81065
81066
81067
81068
81069
81070
81071
81072
81073
81074
81075
81076
81077
81078
81079
81080
81081
81082
81083
81084
81085
81086
81087
81088
81089
81090
81091
81092
81093
81094
81095
81096
81097
81098
81099
81100
81101
81102
81103
81104
81105
81106
81107
81108
81109
81110
81111
81112
81113
81114
81115
81116
81117
81118
81119
81120
81121
81122
81123
81124
81125
81126
81127
81128
81129
81130
81131
81132
81133
81134
81135
81136
81137
81138
81139
81140
81141
81142
81143
81144
81145
81146
81147
81148
81149
81150
81151
81152
81153
81154
81155
81156
81157
81158
81159
81160
81161
81162
81163
81164
81165
81166
81167
81168
81169
81170
81171
81172
81173
81174
81175
81176
81177
81178
81179
81180
81181
81182
81183
81184
81185
81186
81187
81188
81189
81190
81191
81192
81193
81194
81195
81196
81197
81198
81199
81200
81201
81202
81203
81204
81205
81206
81207
81208
81209
81210
81211
81212
81213
81214
81215
81216
81217
81218
81219
81220
81221
81222
81223
81224
81225
81226






81227
81228
81229
81230
81231
81232
81233
81234
81235
81236
81237
.....
81247
81248
81249
81250
81251
81252
81253

81254
81255
81256
81257
81258
81259

81260
81261
81262
81263
81264
81265
81266
81267
81268
81269
81270
.....
81281
81282
81283
81284
81285
81286
81287
81288
81289
81290
81291
81292
81293
81294
81295
.....
81363
81364
81365
81366
81367
81368
81369














































81370
81371
81372
81373
81374
81375
81376
.....
81379
81380
81381
81382
81383
81384
81385
81386
81387
81388
81389
81390
81391
81392
81393
81394
.....
81398
81399
81400
81401
81402
81403
81404
81405
81406
81407
81408
81409
81410
81411
81412


81413




81414
81415
81416
81417
81418
81419
81420
81421
81422
81423
81424
81425
81426
81427
81428
81429
81430
81431
81432
81433
81434
81435
81436
81437
81438
81439
81440
81441
81442
81443
81444
81445
81446
81447
81448
81449
81450
81451
81452
81453
81454
81455
81456
81457














































81458






81459
81460
81461
81462
81463
81464
81465
81466
81467
81468
81469
81470
81471
81472
81473
81474
81475
81476
81477
81478
81479
81480
81481
81482



81483
81484
81485



81486
81487
81488
81489
81490
81491
81492






81493




81494
81495
81496
81497
81498
81499
81500








81501
81502
81503
81504
81505
81506
81507
81508
81509
81510
81511
81512
81513
81514
81515
81516
81517
81518
81519
81520
81521
81522
81523
81524
81525
81526
81527
81528
81529
81530
81531
81532
81533
81534
81535
81536
81537
81538
81539
81540
81541
81542
81543
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81545
81546
81547
81548
81549
81550
81551
81552
81553
81554
81555
81556
81557
81558
81559
81560
81561
81562
81563
81564
81565
81566
81567
81568
81569
81570
81571
81572
81573
81574
81575
81576
81577
81578
81579
81580
81581
81582
81583
81584
81585



81586
81587
81588
81589
81590
81591
81592
81593
81594
81595
81596
81597
81598
81599
81600
81601
.....
81609
81610
81611
81612
81613
81614
81615
81616
81617
81618
81619
81620
81621
81622
81623
.....
81633
81634
81635
81636
81637
81638
81639
81640
81641
81642
81643
81644
81645
81646
81647
81648
81649
81650
81651
81652
.....
81813
81814
81815
81816
81817
81818
81819

81820

81821
81822
81823
81824
81825
81826
81827
.....
82032
82033
82034
82035
82036
82037
82038
82039
82040
82041
82042
82043
82044
82045
82046
82047
.....
82054
82055
82056
82057
82058
82059
82060
82061
82062
82063
82064
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
.....
82072
82073
82074
82075
82076
82077
82078
82079
82080
82081
82082
82083
82084
82085
82086
82087
82088
82089
82090
82091
82092
82093
82094
82095
82096
82097
82098
82099
82100
82101
82102
82103
82104
82105
82106
82107
.....
82121
82122
82123
82124
82125
82126
82127

82128
82129
82130
82131
82132
82133
82134
82135
82136

82137
82138
82139
82140
82141
82142
82143
.....
82151
82152
82153
82154
82155
82156
82157



82158
82159
82160









82161
82162
82163
82164
82165
82166
82167
82168
82169
82170








82171
82172
82173
82174
82175
82176
82177
82178
.....
83347
83348
83349
83350
83351
83352
83353
83354
83355
83356
83357
83358
83359
83360
83361
.....
83494
83495
83496
83497
83498
83499
83500

83501
83502
83503
83504
83505
83506
83507
.....
83535
83536
83537
83538
83539
83540
83541
83542
83543
83544

83545

83546
83547
83548
83549
83550

83551
83552
83553
83554
83555
83556
83557

83558
83559
83560
83561
83562
83563
83564
.....
83568
83569
83570
83571
83572
83573
83574






















83575
83576
83577
83578
83579
83580
83581
.....
83589
83590
83591
83592
83593
83594
83595
83596
83597
83598
83599
83600
83601
83602
83603
.....
83937
83938
83939
83940
83941
83942
83943
83944
83945
83946
83947
83948
83949
83950
83951




























83952
83953
83954
83955
83956
83957
83958
.....
83972
83973
83974
83975
83976
83977
83978
83979
83980
83981

83982
83983
83984
83985
83986
83987
83988
.....
83993
83994
83995
83996
83997
83998
83999






84000
84001
84002
84003
84004
84005
84006
.....
84190
84191
84192
84193
84194
84195
84196
84197
84198
84199
84200
84201
84202
84203
84204
84205
84206
.....
84492
84493
84494
84495
84496
84497
84498
84499
84500
84501
84502
84503
84504
84505
84506
.....
84953
84954
84955
84956
84957
84958
84959
84960

84961
84962

84963
84964
84965
84966
84967
84968
84969
.....
84992
84993
84994
84995
84996
84997
84998
84999
85000
85001
85002
85003
85004
85005
85006
85007
85008
.....
85183
85184
85185
85186
85187
85188
85189
85190
85191
85192
85193
85194
85195
85196
85197
.....
85220
85221
85222
85223
85224
85225
85226

85227
85228
85229
85230
85231
85232
85233
.....
86565
86566
86567
86568
86569
86570
86571
86572
86573
86574
86575
86576
86577
86578
86579
86580
86581
.....
86701
86702
86703
86704
86705
86706
86707
86708
86709
86710
86711
86712
86713
86714
86715
.....
87125
87126
87127
87128
87129
87130
87131

87132
87133
87134
87135
87136
87137
87138
.....
87311
87312
87313
87314
87315
87316
87317
87318
87319
87320
87321
87322
87323
87324
87325
.....
87328
87329
87330
87331
87332
87333
87334
87335
87336
87337
87338
87339
87340
87341
87342
.....
87867
87868
87869
87870
87871
87872
87873
87874
87875
87876
87877
87878
87879
87880
87881
87882
87883
87884
87885
87886
87887
87888
.....
87993
87994
87995
87996
87997
87998
87999
88000
88001
88002
88003
88004
88005
88006
88007
88008
88009
.....
88074
88075
88076
88077
88078
88079
88080
88081
88082
88083
88084
88085
88086
88087
88088
88089
88090
88091
88092
.....
88130
88131
88132
88133
88134
88135
88136
88137
88138
88139
88140
88141
88142
88143
88144
88145
.....
89003
89004
89005
89006
89007
89008
89009
89010
89011
89012
89013
89014
89015
89016
89017
.....
89047
89048
89049
89050
89051
89052
89053
89054
89055
89056
89057
89058
89059
89060
89061
89062
89063
89064
89065
89066
89067
89068
89069
89070
89071
89072
89073
.....
89108
89109
89110
89111
89112
89113
89114
89115
89116
89117


89118
89119
89120
89121
89122
89123
89124
.....
89138
89139
89140
89141
89142
89143
89144
89145
89146
89147
89148
89149
89150
89151
89152
.....
89163
89164
89165
89166
89167
89168
89169



89170
89171
89172
89173
89174
89175
89176
.....
89825
89826
89827
89828
89829
89830
89831
89832
89833
89834
89835
89836
89837
89838
89839
89840
89841
89842
89843
89844
89845
89846






89847
89848
89849
89850
89851

89852
89853
89854
89855
89856
89857
































































89858
89859
89860
89861
89862
89863
89864
.....
89875
89876
89877
89878
89879
89880
89881
89882


89883
89884
89885
89886
89887
89888
89889
.....
89902
89903
89904
89905
89906
89907
89908







89909
89910
89911
89912
89913
89914
89915
.....
89984
89985
89986
89987
89988
89989
89990




89991
89992
89993
89994
89995
89996
89997
.....
90057
90058
90059
90060
90061
90062
90063

90064
90065
90066
90067
90068
90069
90070
.....
90087
90088
90089
90090
90091
90092
90093
90094
90095
90096
90097
90098
90099
90100
90101
90102
90103
90104
90105
90106
90107
90108
90109
90110
90111
90112
90113
90114
90115
90116
90117
90118
90119
90120
90121
90122
90123
90124
90125
90126
.....
90338
90339
90340
90341
90342
90343
90344
90345


90346
90347
90348
90349
90350
90351
90352
90353

90354
90355
90356

90357
90358
90359
90360
90361
90362
90363
.....
91434
91435
91436
91437
91438
91439
91440
91441
91442
91443
91444
91445
91446
91447
91448
.....
92303
92304
92305
92306
92307
92308
92309

92310
92311
92312
92313
92314
92315
92316
.....
93735
93736
93737
93738
93739
93740
93741


































































































































































































































































































































































































































93742
93743
93744
93745
93746
93747
93748
.....
93905
93906
93907
93908
93909
93910
93911
93912
93913
93914
93915
93916
93917
93918
93919
93920
93921
93922
93923
93924
93925
93926
93927
93928
93929
93930
93931
93932
93933
93934
93935
93936
93937

93938
93939
93940
93941
93942
93943
93944
93945
93946
93947
93948
93949
93950
93951
93952
93953
93954
93955
93956
93957
93958
93959
93960
93961
93962
93963
93964
93965
93966
93967
93968
93969
93970
93971
93972
93973
93974
93975
93976
93977
93978
93979
93980
93981
93982
93983
93984
93985
93986
93987
93988
93989
93990
93991
93992
93993
93994
93995
93996
93997
93998
93999
94000
94001
94002
94003
94004
94005
94006
94007
94008
94009
94010
94011
94012
.....
94068
94069
94070
94071
94072
94073
94074
94075
94076


94077
94078
94079
94080
94081
94082
94083
.....
94125
94126
94127
94128
94129
94130
94131


94132
94133
94134
94135
94136
94137
94138












94139

94140
94141










94142
94143
94144
94145
94146
94147
94148
.....
94152
94153
94154
94155
94156
94157
94158
94159
94160
94161
94162
94163
94164
94165
94166
94167
94168
94169
94170
94171
94172
94173
94174
94175
94176
94177
94178
94179
.....
94184
94185
94186
94187
94188
94189
94190
94191

94192
94193
94194
94195
94196
94197
94198
94199
94200
94201
94202
94203
94204
94205
94206
94207
94208
94209
94210
94211
.....
94212
94213
94214
94215
94216
94217
94218
94219

94220
94221
94222
94223
94224
94225
94226
94227
94228
94229
94230
94231
94232
94233
94234
94235
94236
.....
94237
94238
94239
94240
94241
94242
94243
94244

94245
94246
94247
94248
94249
94250
94251
.....
94256
94257
94258
94259
94260
94261
94262
94263
94264
94265
94266
94267
94268
94269
94270
94271
94272
94273
94274
94275
94276
94277
94278
94279

94280
94281
94282
94283
94284
94285
94286
94287
94288
94289
94290
94291
94292
.....
94311
94312
94313
94314
94315
94316
94317

94318
94319
94320
94321
94322
94323
94324
94325
94326

94327
94328
94329
94330
94331
94332
94333
94334
94335
94336
94337
94338
94339
94340
94341
94342
94343
94344
94345
94346
94347
94348
94349
94350
94351
.....
94369
94370
94371
94372
94373
94374
94375
94376

94377
94378
94379
94380
94381
94382
94383
94384
94385
94386
94387
94388
94389
94390
94391
94392
94393

94394
94395
94396
94397
94398
94399
94400
94401
94402
94403
94404
94405
94406
94407
94408
94409
94410
94411
94412
94413
94414
94415
94416
94417
94418
94419
94420
94421
94422
94423
94424
94425
94426
94427
94428
94429
94430
94431
94432
94433
94434
94435
94436
94437
94438
94439
94440
94441
94442
94443
94444
94445
94446
94447
94448
94449
94450
94451
94452
94453

94454
94455
94456
94457
94458
94459
94460
94461
94462
94463
94464

94465
94466
94467
94468
94469
94470
94471
94472
94473
94474
94475
94476
94477
94478
94479

94480
94481
94482
94483
94484
94485
94486
.....
94487
94488
94489
94490
94491
94492
94493
94494
94495
94496
94497
94498
94499
94500
94501
94502
94503
94504

94505
94506
94507
94508
94509
94510
94511
.....
94513
94514
94515
94516
94517
94518
94519
94520
94521

94522
94523
94524
94525
94526
94527
94528
94529
94530
94531
94532
94533
94534
94535
94536
94537

94538
94539
94540
94541
94542
94543
94544
94545

94546
94547
94548
94549
94550
94551
94552
94553
94554
94555
94556
94557
94558
94559
94560
94561
94562
94563
94564

94565
94566
94567
94568
94569
94570
94571
94572
94573
94574
94575
94576
94577
94578
94579
94580
94581
94582
94583
.....
94602
94603
94604
94605
94606
94607
94608
94609

94610
94611
94612
94613
94614
94615
94616
.....
94618
94619
94620
94621
94622
94623
94624
94625
94626
94627
94628
94629
94630
94631
94632
.....
94645
94646
94647
94648
94649
94650
94651
94652
94653
94654
94655
94656
94657
94658
94659
94660
94661

94662
94663
94664
94665
94666
94667
94668
94669
94670
94671

94672
94673
94674
94675
94676
94677
94678
.....
94695
94696
94697
94698
94699
94700
94701
94702

94703
94704
94705
94706
94707
94708
94709
94710
94711
94712
94713
94714
94715
94716
94717
94718
94719
94720
94721
94722
94723
94724
94725
94726
94727

94728
94729
94730
94731
94732



94733























94734
94735
94736
94737
94738
94739
94740
.....
94742
94743
94744
94745
94746
94747
94748
94749
94750
94751
94752
94753
94754
94755
94756
94757
94758
.....
94788
94789
94790
94791
94792
94793
94794
94795
94796
94797



94798






























94799
94800
94801
94802
94803
94804
94805
94806
94807
.....
94813
94814
94815
94816
94817
94818
94819
94820
94821
94822



94823
94824
94825

94826
94827
94828
94829
94830
94831
94832
94833
94834
94835
94836
94837
94838

94839
94840
94841
94842
94843
94844
94845
94846
94847
94848

94849
94850

94851
94852
94853
94854
94855
94856
94857
94858
94859
.....
94860
94861
94862
94863
94864
94865
94866
94867
94868
94869



94870
94871
94872
94873
94874
94875
94876
94877
94878
94879
94880
94881
94882

94883
94884
94885
94886
94887
94888
94889
94890
94891
94892
94893
94894
94895
94896
.....
94922
94923
94924
94925
94926
94927
94928
94929

94930
94931
94932
94933
94934
94935
94936
94937
94938
94939
94940
94941
.....
94943
94944
94945
94946
94947
94948
94949
94950
94951
94952
94953
94954
94955
94956
94957
.....
95037
95038
95039
95040
95041
95042
95043
95044

95045
95046
95047
95048
95049
95050
95051
95052
95053
95054
95055
95056
95057

95058
95059
95060
95061
95062
95063
95064
95065
95066
95067

95068
95069
95070
95071
95072
95073
95074
95075
95076
95077
95078
95079
95080
95081
95082
95083
95084
95085
95086
95087
.....
95103
95104
95105
95106
95107
95108
95109
95110
95111
95112
95113
95114
95115
95116
95117
.....
95233
95234
95235
95236
95237
95238
95239
95240

95241
95242
95243
95244
95245
95246
95247
.....
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
95269
95270
95271
95272
95273
.....
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
95312
95313

95314
95315
95316
95317
95318
95319
95320
.....
95340
95341
95342
95343
95344
95345
95346
95347
95348
95349
95350
95351
95352
95353
95354
95355
95356
95357
95358
.....
95388
95389
95390
95391
95392
95393
95394
95395

95396
95397
95398
95399
95400
95401
95402
95403
95404
95405
95406
95407
95408
95409
95410
95411
95412
95413
95414
95415

95416
95417
95418
95419
95420
95421
95422
95423
95424
95425
95426
95427
95428
95429
95430
95431
95432
95433
95434
95435
95436
95437
95438
95439
95440
95441
95442
95443

95444
95445
95446
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
95452
95453
95454
95455
95456
95457
95458
95459
95460

95461
95462
95463
95464
95465
95466
95467
95468
95469
95470
95471

95472
95473
95474
95475
95476
95477
95478
95479
95480
95481
95482

95483
95484
95485
95486
95487

















95488
95489
95490
95491
95492
95493
95494
95495
95496
95497
95498
95499
95500
.....
95511
95512
95513
95514
95515
95516
95517

95518
95519
95520
95521
95522
95523
95524
95525
95526


95527
95528
95529
95530




95531
95532
95533
95534
95535
95536


95537
95538
95539
95540
95541
95542
95543



95544
95545
95546

95547
95548
95549
95550
95551
95552
95553
95554
95555
95556
95557


95558
95559
95560
95561
95562
95563
95564
95565
95566
95567
95568
.....
96705
96706
96707
96708
96709
96710
96711
96712
96713
96714
96715
96716
96717
96718
96719
96720
.....
96741
96742
96743
96744
96745
96746
96747
96748
96749
96750
96751
96752
96753
96754
96755
96756
.....
97501
97502
97503
97504
97505
97506
97507



97508
97509
97510
97511
97512
97513
97514
.....
97515
97516
97517
97518
97519
97520
97521



97522


97523
97524
97525
97526
97527
97528

97529
97530
97531
97532








97533
97534
97535

97536

97537
97538
97539
97540
97541
97542
97543
.....
97590
97591
97592
97593
97594
97595
97596
97597
97598
97599
97600
97601
97602
97603

97604
97605
97606
97607
97608
97609

97610
97611
97612
97613
97614
97615








97616
97617
97618
97619
97620
97621
97622
.....
97625
97626
97627
97628
97629
97630
97631
97632
97633
97634
97635
97636
97637

97638
97639
97640
97641
97642
97643


97644
97645
97646
97647
97648
97649
97650
.....
97662
97663
97664
97665
97666
97667
97668
97669
97670
97671
97672
97673
97674
97675
97676
97677
97678
97679
97680
97681
97682
97683
97684
97685
97686
97687
97688
97689
97690
.....
97865
97866
97867
97868
97869
97870
97871
97872
97873
97874
97875
97876
97877
97878
97879
97880
97881
97882

97883
97884
97885
97886
97887
97888
97889
97890
97891
97892
97893

97894
97895
97896
97897
97898
97899
97900

97901
97902
97903
97904
97905
97906
97907
.....
97921
97922
97923
97924
97925
97926
97927
97928
97929
97930
97931
97932
97933
97934
97935
97936
97937
.....
99669
99670
99671
99672
99673
99674
99675
99676
99677
99678
99679
99680
99681
99682
99683
.....
99835
99836
99837
99838
99839
99840
99841
99842
99843
99844
99845
99846
99847
99848
99849
99850
99851
99852
99853
......
100123
100124
100125
100126
100127
100128
100129
100130
100131
100132
100133
100134
100135
100136
100137
......
100266
100267
100268
100269
100270
100271
100272
100273
100274
100275
100276
100277
100278
100279
100280
......
101038
101039
101040
101041
101042
101043
101044
101045
101046
101047
101048
101049
101050
101051
101052
101053


101054
101055
101056
101057
101058
101059




101060
101061
101062
101063
101064
101065
101066
101067
101068
101069
101070
......
101634
101635
101636
101637
101638
101639
101640
101641
101642
101643
101644
101645
101646
101647
101648
101649
......
101777
101778
101779
101780
101781
101782
101783
101784
101785


101786
101787
101788
101789
101790
101791
101792
......
102682
102683
102684
102685
102686
102687
102688
102689
102690
102691
102692
102693
102694
102695
102696
......
103109
103110
103111
103112
103113
103114
103115
103116
103117
103118
103119
103120
103121
103122
103123
103124
103125
103126
103127
103128
103129
103130
103131
103132
103133
103134
103135
103136
103137
103138
103139
103140
103141
103142
103143
103144
103145
103146
103147
......
103369
103370
103371
103372
103373
103374
103375
103376
103377
103378
103379
103380
103381
103382
103383




















103384
103385
103386
103387
103388
103389
103390
......
104661
104662
104663
104664
104665
104666
104667
104668
104669
104670
104671
104672
104673
104674
104675
......
104794
104795
104796
104797
104798
104799
104800
104801
104802
104803
104804
104805
104806
104807
104808
104809
104810
104811
104812
104813
104814
104815
104816
104817
104818
104819
104820
104821
104822
104823
104824
104825
104826
......
104852
104853
104854
104855
104856
104857
104858

104859
104860
104861
104862
104863
104864
104865
......
104876
104877
104878
104879
104880
104881
104882
104883
104884
104885
104886
104887
104888
104889
104890
104891
104892
......
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
104913
104914
104915
104916
104917
104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
......
104931
104932
104933
104934
104935
104936
104937
104938
104939
104940
104941
104942
104943
104944
104945
104946
104947
104948
104949
104950
104951
104952
104953
104954
104955
104956
104957
104958
104959
104960
104961
104962
......
105014
105015
105016
105017
105018
105019
105020

105021
105022
105023
105024
105025
105026
105027
......
105032
105033
105034
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
......
105138
105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144




105145
105146
105147
105148
105149
105150
105151
......
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
......
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
......
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
......
105425
105426
105427
105428
105429
105430
105431





105432
105433
105434
105435
105436
105437
105438
......
105951
105952
105953
105954
105955
105956
105957

105958
105959

105960
105961
105962
105963
105964
105965
105966
......
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413
106414
106415

106416
106417
106418
106419
106420
106421
106422
......
106476
106477
106478
106479
106480
106481
106482

106483
106484
106485
106486
106487
106488
106489

106490
106491
106492
106493
106494
106495
106496
......
106532
106533
106534
106535
106536
106537
106538
106539
106540
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
......
106572
106573
106574
106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
......
106680
106681
106682
106683
106684
106685
106686
106687
106688
106689
106690
106691
106692
106693
106694
106695
106696
106697
106698
106699
106700
106701
106702
106703
106704
106705
106706
106707
106708
106709
106710
106711
106712
106713
106714
106715
106716
106717
106718
106719
106720
106721
106722
106723
106724
106725
106726
106727
106728
106729
106730
106731
106732
106733
106734
106735
106736
106737
106738
106739
106740
106741
106742
106743
106744
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755


106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
106762
......
107140
107141
107142
107143
107144
107145
107146
107147
107148
107149
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
107155
107156
107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165

107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171





107172
107173
107174
107175
107176
107177
107178
107179

107180
107181
107182
107183
107184
107185
107186
107187
107188
107189
107190
107191
107192
107193
107194
107195
107196
107197
107198
107199
107200
107201
107202
107203
107204
107205
107206
107207
107208
107209
107210
107211
107212
107213
107214
107215
107216
107217
107218
107219
107220

107221






107222

107223
107224
107225
107226
107227
107228
107229
107230
107231
107232
107233
107234
107235
107236
107237
107238
107239
107240
107241
107242
107243


107244
107245
107246
107247
107248
107249
107250
107251
107252
107253
107254
107255

107256
107257



107258
107259
107260
107261
107262

107263
107264
107265
107266
107267
107268
107269
107270
107271
107272
107273
107274
107275
107276
107277
107278
107279

107280
107281
107282
107283
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288
107289
107290
107291
107292
107293
107294
107295
107296
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
107303
107304
107305
107306
107307
107308
107309
107310
107311
107312
107313
107314
107315
107316
107317
107318
107319
107320
107321
107322
107323
107324
107325
107326
107327
107328
107329
107330
107331
107332
107333
107334
107335
107336
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
......
107351
107352
107353
107354
107355
107356
107357
107358
107359
107360
107361
107362
107363
107364
107365
107366
107367
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375

107376
107377
107378
107379
107380

107381
107382
107383
107384
107385
107386
107387
107388

107389
107390


107391
107392


107393



107394
107395


107396



















107397
107398




107399
107400













107401

107402
107403
107404

107405

107406
107407
107408
107409


107410
107411
107412


107413

107414
107415
107416

107417

107418
107419
107420
107421


107422
107423
107424


107425
107426
107427
107428


107429
107430




107431
107432
107433
107434
107435
107436
107437
107438
107439
107440
107441
107442
107443
107444

107445

107446
107447
107448
107449

107450



107451
107452
107453
107454
107455
107456
107457
107458
107459
107460
107461
......
107467
107468
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
107475
107476
107477
107478


107479
107480
107481

107482


107483
107484
107485
107486
107487
107488
107489

107490



107491












107492


107493
107494
107495
107496
107497
107498
107499
107500
107501
107502
107503
107504
107505
107506
107507
107508
107509
107510
107511
......
107516
107517
107518
107519
107520
107521
107522
107523
107524
107525
107526


107527
107528
107529
107530
107531
107532
107533
107534
107535
107536

107537

107538
107539
107540
107541
107542

107543
107544
107545
107546
107547
107548
107549
107550
107551
107552
......
107567
107568
107569
107570
107571
107572
107573

107574
107575
107576
107577
107578
107579
107580
......
107776
107777
107778
107779
107780
107781
107782
107783
107784
107785
107786
107787
107788
107789
107790
......
107992
107993
107994
107995
107996
107997
107998
107999
108000
108001
108002
108003
108004
108005
108006
108007
108008

108009
108010
108011
108012
108013
108014
108015
......
108654
108655
108656
108657
108658
108659
108660
108661
108662
108663
108664
108665
108666
108667
108668
108669
108670
108671
108672
108673
108674
108675
108676
108677
108678
......
108696
108697
108698
108699
108700
108701
108702
108703
108704
108705
108706
108707
108708
108709
108710
......
108724
108725
108726
108727
108728
108729
108730
108731
108732
108733
108734
108735
108736
108737
108738
108739
108740
108741
108742
108743
108744
108745
108746
108747
108748
108749
......
108836
108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
108844




108845
108846
108847
108848
108849
108850
108851
......
108945
108946
108947
108948
108949
108950
108951

108952
108953
108954

108955

108956
108957
108958
108959
108960

108961
108962
108963
108964
108965
108966
108967
108968
108969
108970
108971
108972
108973
108974
108975
108976
108977
108978


108979
108980
108981
108982
108983
108984
108985
......
109017
109018
109019
109020
109021
109022
109023






























109024
109025
109026
109027
109028
109029
109030
109031
109032
109033
109034
109035
109036
109037
109038
109039
109040
109041
109042
109043
109044
109045
109046
109047
109048
109049
109050
109051
109052
109053
109054
109055
109056
109057
109058
109059
109060
......
109066
109067
109068
109069
109070
109071
109072
109073
109074
109075
109076
109077
109078
109079
109080
109081
109082
109083
109084
109085
109086
109087
109088
109089
109090


109091
109092
109093
109094
109095




109096
109097
109098
109099
109100
109101
109102
109103
109104
109105
109106
109107
109108
109109
109110
109111
109112
109113
109114
109115
109116
109117
109118
......
109126
109127
109128
109129
109130
109131
109132
109133
109134
109135
109136
109137
109138
109139
109140
......
109145
109146
109147
109148
109149
109150
109151
109152
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.0.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
*/

/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** This is the maximum number of
**
**    * Columns in a table
**    * Columns in an index
**    * Columns in a view
**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
**
** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
#endif

/*
** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
**
** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
** to turn this limit off.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
** expression.
**
** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
** at all times.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
** Not currently enforced.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
#endif

/*
** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
** is used internally to track attached databases.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
#endif


/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
**
** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
** SQLite will choose on its own.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif


/*
** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
**
** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
** max_page_count macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
#endif

/*
** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
** operator.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
#endif

/*
** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
**
** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
** may be executed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif

/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
** compiler.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
# if defined(THREADSAFE)
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
# else
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
# endif
#endif

/*
** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to 
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
**
**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
 are defined but at most one is allowed:\
 SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
 SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
#endif

/*
** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
** it.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif

/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
**
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
#else
# define testcase(X)
#endif

/*
** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
** within testcase() and assert() macros.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
#else
# define VVA_ONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
#else
# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
# define NEVER(X)       (X)
#endif

/*
** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/
#define likely(X)    (X)
#define unlikely(X)  (X)

/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-22 02:56:28 0775501acf152dcbf4dd039f4511f3d8c4330d85"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE           (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))

#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))

#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.  
** If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/









































































































































































































































































/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/






























































































































































































































































/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif


























/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
#endif















/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle. 
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
................................................................................
  int (*xWalCallback)(void *, sqlite3 *, const char *, int);
  void *pWalArg;
#endif
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*);
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*);
  void *pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_value *pErr;          /* Most recent error message */
  char *zErrMsg;                /* Most recent error message (UTF-8 encoded) */
  char *zErrMsg16;              /* Most recent error message (UTF-16 encoded) */
  union {
    volatile int isInterrupted; /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
    double notUsed1;            /* Spacer */
  } u1;
  Lookaside lookaside;          /* Lookaside malloc configuration */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** Each SQL function is defined by an instance of the following
** structure.  A pointer to this structure is stored in the sqlite.aFunc
** hash table.  When multiple functions have the same name, the hash table
** points to a linked list of these structures.
*/
struct FuncDef {
  i16 nArg;            /* Number of arguments.  -1 means unlimited */
  u8 iPrefEnc;         /* Preferred text encoding (SQLITE_UTF8, 16LE, 16BE) */
  u8 flags;            /* Some combination of SQLITE_FUNC_* */
  void *pUserData;     /* User data parameter */
  FuncDef *pNext;      /* Next function with same name */
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Regular function */
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Aggregate step */
  void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*);                /* Aggregate finalizer */
  char *zName;         /* SQL name of the function. */
  FuncDef *pHash;      /* Next with a different name but the same hash */
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/

#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x01 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x02 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x04 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x08 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x10 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x20 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x40 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x80 /* Built-in typeof() function */




/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     that accepts nArg arguments and is implemented by a call to C 
**     function likeFunc. Argument pArg is cast to a (void *) and made
**     available as the function user-data (sqlite3_user_data()). The
**     FuncDef.flags variable is set to the value passed as the flags
**     parameter.
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, (bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, (bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, flags, (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}

/*
** All current savepoints are stored in a linked list starting at
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */

  u16 colFlags;    /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */

  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  99  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */

  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */

  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT */
    i64 i;          /* Value if eType is SQLITE_INTEGER */
  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  int nByte;        /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
  tRowcnt nEq;      /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt nLt;      /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt nDLt;     /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u16 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* Function arguments or in "<expr> IN (<expr-list)" */
    Select *pSelect;     /* Used for sub-selects and "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old */

  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 flags2;             /* Second set of flags.  EP2_... */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin   0x0001  /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg        0x0002  /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved   0x0004  /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error      0x0008  /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct   0x0010  /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect  0x0020  /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted  0x0040  /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc  0x0080  /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate    0x0100  /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0200  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0400  /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x0800  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Hint       0x1000  /* Not used */
#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x8000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
*/
#define EP2_MallocedToken  0x0001  /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP2_Irreducible    0x0002  /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */

/*
** The pseudo-routine sqlite3ExprSetIrreducible sets the EP2_Irreducible
** flag on an expression structure.  This flag is used for VV&A only.  The
** routine is implemented as a macro that only works when in debugging mode,
** so as not to burden production code.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)  (X)->flags2 |= EP2_Irreducible
#else
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)
#endif

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */

  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);







/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const Token sqlite3IntTokens[];
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);







/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is 
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkCheck(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDropTable(Parse*, SrcList *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkActions(Parse*, Table*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkRequired(Parse*, Table*, int*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3FkOldmask(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   FKey *sqlite3FkReferences(Table *);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
................................................................................
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif

  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
................................................................................

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->iJD)==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
** is available.  This routine returns 0 on success and
** non-zero on any kind of error.
**
** If the sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault variable is true then this
** routine will always fail.




*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) \
      && (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S)
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the contents of sLocal to avoid a compiler warning. */
  memset(&sLocal, 0, sizeof(sLocal));

  x = *p;
  computeYMD_HMS(&x);
  if( x.Y<1971 || x.Y>=2038 ){





    x.Y = 2000;
    x.M = 1;
    x.D = 1;
    x.h = 0;
    x.m = 0;
    x.s = 0.0;
  } else {
................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iT) ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
................................................................................
*/
static int sqlite3MemSize(void *p){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  if( !p ){
    return 0;
  }
  pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
  return pHdr->iSize;
}

/*
** Initialize the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
................................................................................
** to clear the content of a freed allocation to unpredictable values.
*/
static void randomFill(char *pBuf, int nByte){
  unsigned int x, y, r;
  x = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pBuf);
  y = nByte | 1;
  while( nByte >= 4 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(int*)pBuf = r;
    pBuf += 4;
    nByte -= 4;
  }
  while( nByte-- > 0 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(pBuf++) = r & 0xff;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
  }else{
    assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
    mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
  }
  z = (char*)pBt;
  z -= pHdr->nTitle;
  adjustStats(pHdr->iSize, -1);
  randomFill(z, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
                pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
  free(z);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);  
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
**
................................................................................
  struct MemBlockHdr *pOldHdr;
  void *pNew;
  assert( mem.disallow==0 );
  assert( (nByte & 7)==0 );     /* EV: R-46199-30249 */
  pOldHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
  pNew = sqlite3MemMalloc(nByte);
  if( pNew ){
    memcpy(pNew, pPrior, nByte<pOldHdr->iSize ? nByte : pOldHdr->iSize);
    if( nByte>pOldHdr->iSize ){
      randomFill(&((char*)pNew)[pOldHdr->iSize], nByte - pOldHdr->iSize);
    }
    sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSync(){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
    void **pBt = (void**)pHdr;
    pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
    mem.xBacktrace(pHdr->iSize, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &pBt[1]);
  }
}

/*
** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory 
** allocations into that log.
*/
................................................................................
      OSVERSIONINFO sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      GetVersionEx(&sInfo);
      osType = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return osType==2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
};
static int winMutex_isInit = 0;
/* As winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize and sqlite3_shutdown()
** processing, the "interlocked" magic is probably not
** strictly necessary.
*/
static long winMutex_lock = 0;

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){ 
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
................................................................................

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
................................................................................
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to the UTF-16 encoding specified by parameter
** enc. A pointer to the new string is returned, and the value of *pnOut
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }
  assert( m.z==m.zMalloc );
  *pnOut = m.n;
  return m.z;
}
#endif

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
** in pZ.  nChar must be non-negative.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *zIn, int nChar){
  int c;
................................................................................
  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0; ALWAYS(z[i]); i++){

    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif














































































/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  unsigned short int ctrlFlags;       /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */

  int nFetchOut;                      /* Number of outstanding xFetch refs */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSize;             /* Usable size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeActual;       /* Actual size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeMax;          /* Configured FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE value */
  void *pMapRegion;                   /* Memory mapped region */

#ifdef __QNXNTO__
  int sectorSize;                     /* Device sector size */
  int deviceCharacteristics;          /* Precomputed device characteristics */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)


  { "mmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mmap,     0 },
#define osMmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,int,int,int,off_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

  { "munmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)munmap,          0 },
#define osMunmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t))aSyscall[22].pCurrent)

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)


}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}










/*
** Invoke open().  Do so multiple times, until it either succeeds or
** fails for some reason other than EINTR.
**
** If the file creation mode "m" is 0 then set it to the default for
** SQLite.  The default is SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS (normally
** 0644) as modified by the system umask.  If m is not 0, then
................................................................................
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;
  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif

  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );









  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){
      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 
       && statbuf.st_size==0
       && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m 
      ){
................................................................................
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );
  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}


static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);


/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  unixUnmapfile(pFile);

  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );

  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
................................................................................
  const void *pBuf,               /* Copy data from this buffer to the file */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of buffer pBuf in bytes */
  int *piErrno                    /* OUT: Error number if error occurs */
){
  int rc = 0;                     /* Value returned by system call */

  assert( nBuf==(nBuf&0x1ffff) );

  nBuf &= 0x1ffff;
  TIMER_START;

#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ rc = osPwrite(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff); }while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ rc = osPwrite64(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff);}while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR);
................................................................................
    ** source.
    */
    if( pFile->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      pFile->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif


    /* If the file was just truncated to a size smaller than the currently
    ** mapped region, reduce the effective mapping size as well. SQLite will
    ** use read() and write() to access data beyond this point from now on.  
    */
    if( nByte<pFile->mmapSize ){
      pFile->mmapSize = nByte;
    }


    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
................................................................................
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
        iWrite += nBlk;
      }
#endif
    }
  }


  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
    int rc;
    if( pFile->szChunk<=0 ){
      if( robust_ftruncate(pFile->h, nByte) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, "ftruncate", pFile->zPath);
      }
    }

    rc = unixMapfile(pFile, nByte);
    return rc;
  }


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If *pArg is inititially negative then this is a query.  Set *pArg to
** 1 or 0 depending on whether or not bit mask of pFile->ctrlFlags is set.
................................................................................
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
................................................................................
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          unixUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = unixMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
#else
# define unixShmMap     0
# define unixShmLock    0
# define unixShmBarrier 0
# define unixShmUnmap   0
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */


/*
** If it is currently memory mapped, unmap file pFd.
*/
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd){
  assert( pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFd->pMapRegion ){
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
#endif
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Return the system page size.
*/
static int unixGetPagesize(void){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  return 512;
#elif defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
    ** will probably fail too. Fall back to using xRead/xWrite exclusively
    ** in this case.  */
    pFd->mmapSizeMax = 0;
  }
  pFd->pMapRegion = (void *)pNew;
  pFd->mmapSize = pFd->mmapSizeActual = nNew;
}
#endif

/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if 
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still 
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
................................................................................
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_LIMIT, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  i64 nMap = nByte;
  int rc;

  assert( nMap>=0 || pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
  if( pFd->nFetchOut>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( nMap<0 ){
................................................................................
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    if( nMap>0 ){
      unixRemapfile(pFd, nMap);
    }else{
      unixUnmapfile(pFd);
    }
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** If possible, return a pointer to a mapping of file fd starting at offset
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping 
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int unixUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
  unixFile *pFd = (unixFile *)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(iOff);


  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding 
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );
................................................................................
  if( p ){
    pFd->nFetchOut--;
  }else{
    unixUnmapfile(pFd);
  }

  assert( pFd->nFetchOut>=0 );

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Here ends the implementation of all sqlite3_file methods.
**
********************** End sqlite3_file Methods *******************************
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;

  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;

  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return the name of a directory in which to put temporary files.
** If no suitable temporary file directory can be found, return NULL.
*/
static const char *unixTempFileDir(void){
  static const char *azDirs[] = {
     0,

     0,
     "/var/tmp",
     "/usr/tmp",
     "/tmp",
     0        /* List terminator */
  };
  unsigned int i;
  struct stat buf;
  const char *zDir = 0;

  azDirs[0] = sqlite3_temp_directory;
  if( !azDirs[1] ) azDirs[1] = getenv("TMPDIR");

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(azDirs)/sizeof(azDirs[0]); zDir=azDirs[i++]){
    if( zDir==0 ) continue;
    if( osStat(zDir, &buf) ) continue;
    if( !S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode) ) continue;
    if( osAccess(zDir, 07) ) continue;
    break;
  }
................................................................................
**
** This file contains code that is specific to Windows.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN               /* This file is used for Windows only */

#ifdef __CYGWIN__
# include <sys/cygwin.h>
/* # include <errno.h> */
#endif

/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_win.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
................................................................................
/************** Continuing where we left off in os_win.c *********************/

/*
** Compiling and using WAL mode requires several APIs that are only
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
# error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 Unicode APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINNT || SQLITE_OS_WINRT

#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE
#endif













































































/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
/*
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK
# define FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK     (0x0003FFF7)
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Forward references */
typedef struct winShm winShm;           /* A connection to shared-memory */
typedef struct winShmNode winShmNode;   /* A region of shared-memory */
#endif

/*
** WinCE lacks native support for file locking so we have to fake it
** with some code of our own.
................................................................................
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#else

static int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

................................................................................
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExA,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)










  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/




#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
# define isNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define isNT()  (0)
#else
  static int isNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){





      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);

      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapAlloc %u bytes (%d), heap=%p",
                nBytes, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Free memory.
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) );
#endif
  if( !pPrior ) return; /* Passing NULL to HeapFree is undefined. */
  if( !osHeapFree(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapFree block %p (%d), heap=%p",
                pPrior, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
................................................................................
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  if( !pPrior ){
    p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }else{
    p = osHeapReAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to %s %u bytes (%d), heap=%p",
                pPrior ? "HeapReAlloc" : "HeapAlloc", nBytes, osGetLastError(),
                (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%d), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
  }
  return (int)n;
}

/*
................................................................................
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
          "failed to HeapCreate (%d), flags=%u, initSize=%u, maxSize=%u",
          osGetLastError(), SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
          SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pWinMemData->bOwned = TRUE;
    assert( pWinMemData->bOwned );
  }
#else
  pWinMemData->hHeap = osGetProcessHeap();
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
        "failed to GetProcessHeap (%d)", osGetLastError());
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
  assert( !pWinMemData->bOwned );
#endif
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=0 );
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
................................................................................
  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapDestroy (%d), heap=%p",
                    osGetLastError(), (void*)pWinMemData->hHeap);
      }
      pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
    }
    pWinMemData->hHeap = NULL;
  }
}
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?). 
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR utf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

  nChar = osMultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL, 0);
  if( nChar==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  return zWideFilename;
}

/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to UTF-8.  Space to hold the returned string is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *unicodeToUtf8(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
** 
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR mbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osMultiByteToWideChar(codepage, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL,
                                0)*sizeof(WCHAR);
  if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to multi-byte character string, based on the
** user's ANSI codepage.
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *unicodeToMbcs(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(codepage, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
** Convert multibyte character string to UTF-8.  Space to hold the
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameUtf8;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = mbcsToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = unicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the 
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameMbcs = unicodeToMbcs(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameMbcs;
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
................................................................................
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zValueUtf8 = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zValueUtf8 = unicodeToUtf8(zValue);
      if ( zValueUtf8==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zValueUtf8;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** The return value of getLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int getLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  /* FormatMessage returns 0 on failure.  Otherwise it
  ** returns the number of TCHARs written to the output
  ** buffer, excluding the terminating null char.
  */
  DWORD dwLen = 0;
  char *zOut = 0;

  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    WCHAR zTempWide[MAX_PATH+1]; /* NOTE: Somewhat arbitrary. */
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
                             lastErrno,
                             0,
                             zTempWide,
                             MAX_PATH,
                             0);
#else
    LPWSTR zTempWide = NULL;
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
................................................................................
                             (LPWSTR) &zTempWide,
                             0,
                             0);
#endif
    if( dwLen > 0 ){
      /* allocate a buffer and convert to UTF8 */
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      zOut = unicodeToUtf8(zTempWide);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      /* free the system buffer allocated by FormatMessage */
      osLocalFree(zTempWide);
#endif
    }
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,              /* File path associated with error */
  int iLine                       /* Source line number where error occurred */
){
  char zMsg[500];                 /* Human readable error text */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  zMsg[0] = 0;
  getLastErrorMsg(lastErrno, sizeof(zMsg), zMsg);
  assert( errcode!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( zPath==0 ) zPath = "";
  for(i=0; zMsg[i] && zMsg[i]!='\r' && zMsg[i]!='\n'; i++){}
  zMsg[i] = 0;
  sqlite3_log(errcode,
      "os_win.c:%d: (%lu) %s(%s) - %s",
      iLine, lastErrno, zFunc, zPath, zMsg
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY 25
#endif
static int win32IoerrRetry = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY;
static int win32IoerrRetryDelay = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY;

/*
** If a ReadFile() or WriteFile() error occurs, invoke this routine
** to see if it should be retried.  Return TRUE to retry.  Return FALSE
** to give up with an error.
*/
static int retryIoerr(int *pnRetry, DWORD *pError){
  DWORD e = osGetLastError();
  if( *pnRetry>=win32IoerrRetry ){
    if( pError ){
      *pError = e;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  if( e==ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED ||
      e==ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION ||
      e==ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION ){
    sqlite3_win32_sleep(win32IoerrRetryDelay*(1+*pnRetry));
    ++*pnRetry;
    return 1;
  }
  if( pError ){
    *pError = e;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void logIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR, 
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      win32IoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
................................................................................
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();

    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API LockFile.
  */
  return winceLockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                       numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( isNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osLockFileEx(*phFile, flags, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osLockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API UnlockFile.
  */
  return winceUnlockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                         numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( isNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osUnlockFileEx(*phFile, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osUnlockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int seekWinFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));
................................................................................
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "seekWinFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#else
................................................................................

  x.QuadPart = iOffset;
  bRet = osSetFilePointerEx(pFile->h, x, 0, FILE_BEGIN);

  if(!bRet){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "seekWinFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#endif
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* Forward references to VFS methods */

static int winUnmapfile(winFile*);
#endif

/*
** Close a file.
**
** It is reported that an attempt to close a handle might sometimes
................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( seekWinFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
  overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, &overlapped) &&
         osGetLastError()!=ERROR_HANDLE_EOF ){
#endif
    DWORD lastErrno;
    if( retryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_READ, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winRead", pFile->zPath);
  }
  logIoerr(nRetry);
  if( nRead<(DWORD)amt ){
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[nRead], 0, amt-nRead);
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }

................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rc = seekWinFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
................................................................................

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( retryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    if(   ( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL )
       || ( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_DISK_FULL )){
      OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_FULL;

    }
    OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winWrite", pFile->zPath);
  }else{
    logIoerr(nRetry);
  }
  OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
................................................................................
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk>0 ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  /* SetEndOfFile() returns non-zero when successful, or zero when it fails. */
  if( seekWinFile(pFile, nByte) ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate1", pFile->zPath);
  }else if( 0==osSetEndOfFile(pFile->h) &&
            ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_USER_MAPPED_FILE) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate2", pFile->zPath);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif

  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
  ** no-op
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC

  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  rc = osFlushFileBuffers(pFile->h);
  SimulateIOError( rc=FALSE );
  if( rc ){
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winSync", pFile->zPath);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
*/
................................................................................

    lowerBits = osGetFileSize(pFile->h, &upperBits);
    *pSize = (((sqlite3_int64)upperBits)<<32) + lowerBits;
    if(   (lowerBits == INVALID_FILE_SIZE)
       && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winFileSize", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("SIZE file=%p, pSize=%p, *pSize=%lld, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pSize, *pSize, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Acquire a reader lock.
** Different API routines are called depending on whether or not this
** is Win9x or WinNT.
*/
static int getReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    /*
    ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
    **       API LockFileEx.
    */
    res = winceLockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, 1, 0);
#else
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int unlockReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( isNT() ){
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST+pFile->sharedLockByte, 0, 1, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( res==0 && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_NOT_LOCKED) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "unlockReadLock", pFile->zPath);
  }
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = getReadLock(pFile);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    }
  }

................................................................................
    gotPendingLock = 0;
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    res = winLockFile(&pFile->h, SQLITE_LOCKFILE_FLAGS, SHARED_FIRST, 0,
                      SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE(("LOCK-FAIL file=%p, wanted=%d, got=%d\n",
             pFile->h, locktype, newLocktype));
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;


  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  OSTRACE(("LOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, oldLock=%d(%d), newLock=%d\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte, locktype));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !getReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, osGetLastError(),
               "winUnlock", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    unlockReadLock(pFile);
  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)locktype;
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
................................................................................
  }else if( (*pArg)==0 ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~mask;
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int winMapfile(winFile*, sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, op=%d, pArg=%p\n", pFile->h, op, pArg));
................................................................................
      *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("win32");
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
        win32IoerrRetry = a[0];
      }else{
        a[0] = win32IoerrRetry;
      }
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3MallocZero( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);

        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................
      if( newLimit>=0 && newLimit!=pFile->mmapSizeMax && pFile->nFetchOut==0 ){
        pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          (void)winUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = winMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=%d\n", pFile->h, rc));
      return rc;
    }
#endif
  }
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_NOTFOUND\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
}
................................................................................
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void winShmPurge(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int deleteFlag){
  winShmNode **pp;
  winShmNode *p;
  BOOL bRc;
  assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
  OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid=%lu, deleteFlag=%d\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), deleteFlag));
  pp = &winShmNodeList;
  while( (p = *pp)!=0 ){
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      int i;
      if( p->mutex ) sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
      for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i++){
        bRc = osUnmapViewOfFile(p->aRegion[i].pMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-UNMAP pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));

        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-CLOSE pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));

      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
................................................................................
    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
    */
    if( winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, osGetLastError(),
                 "winOpenShm", pDbFd->zPath);
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_UNLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1);
      rc = winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_RDLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1);
    }
    if( rc ) goto shm_open_err;
................................................................................
    /* The requested region is not mapped into this processes address space.
    ** Check to see if it has been allocated (i.e. if the wal-index file is
    ** large enough to contain the requested region).
    */
    rc = winFileSize((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, &sz);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE, osGetLastError(),
               "winShmMap1", pDbFd->zPath);
      goto shmpage_out;
    }

    if( sz<nByte ){
      /* The requested memory region does not exist. If isWrite is set to
      ** zero, exit early. *pp will be set to NULL and SQLITE_OK returned.
      **
................................................................................
      ** Alternatively, if isWrite is non-zero, use ftruncate() to allocate
      ** the requested memory region.
      */
      if( !isWrite ) goto shmpage_out;
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, nByte);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE, osGetLastError(),
                 "winShmMap2", pDbFd->zPath);
        goto shmpage_out;
      }
    }

    /* Map the requested memory region into this processes address space. */
    apNew = (struct ShmRegion *)sqlite3_realloc(
        pShmNode->aRegion, (iRegion+1)*sizeof(apNew[0])
................................................................................
        OSTRACE(("SHM-MAP-MAP pid=%lu, region=%d, offset=%d, size=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), pShmNode->nRegion, iOffset,
                 szRegion, pMap ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( !pMap ){
        pShmNode->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, pShmNode->lastErrno,
                 "winShmMap3", pDbFd->zPath);
        if( hMap ) osCloseHandle(hMap);
        goto shmpage_out;
      }

      pShmNode->aRegion[pShmNode->nRegion].pMap = pMap;
      pShmNode->aRegion[pShmNode->nRegion].hMap = hMap;
      pShmNode->nRegion++;
................................................................................
  if( pFile->pMapRegion ){
    if( !osUnmapViewOfFile(pFile->pMapRegion) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, pMapRegion=%p, "
               "rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n", osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile,
               pFile->pMapRegion));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFile->lastErrno,
                         "winUnmap1", pFile->zPath);
    }
    pFile->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFile->mmapSize = 0;
    pFile->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
  if( pFile->hMap!=NULL ){
    if( !osCloseHandle(pFile->hMap) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, hMap=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile, pFile->hMap));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFile->lastErrno,
                         "winUnmap2", pFile->zPath);
    }
    pFile->hMap = NULL;
  }
  OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    pFd->hMap = osCreateFileMappingA(pFd->h, NULL, protect,
                                (DWORD)((nMap>>32) & 0xffffffff),
                                (DWORD)(nMap & 0xffffffff), NULL);
#endif
    if( pFd->hMap==NULL ){
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
                       "winMapfile", pFd->zPath);
      /* Log the error, but continue normal operation using xRead/xWrite */
      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-CREATE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    assert( (nMap % winSysInfo.dwPageSize)==0 );
    assert( sizeof(SIZE_T)==sizeof(sqlite3_int64) || nMap<=0xffffffff );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    pNew = osMapViewOfFileFromApp(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#else
    pNew = osMapViewOfFile(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#endif
    if( pNew==NULL ){
      osCloseHandle(pFd->hMap);
      pFd->hMap = NULL;
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
                  "winMapfile", pFd->zPath);

      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-MAP pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    pFd->pMapRegion = pNew;
    pFd->mmapSize = nMap;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = nMap;
  }

................................................................................
/****************************************************************************
**************************** sqlite3_vfs methods ****************************
**
** This division contains the implementation of methods on the
** sqlite3_vfs object.
*/






















/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
static void *convertUtf8Filename(const char *zFilename){
  void *zConverted = 0;
  if( isNT() ){
    zConverted = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for windows.  The MAX_PATH macro is
** in characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case
** 3-bytes-per-character UTF8.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH   (MAX_PATH*3)
#endif




/*
** Create a temporary file name in zBuf.  zBuf must be big enough to
** hold at pVfs->mxPathname characters.

*/
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf){

  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nTempPath;
  char zTempPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );
















  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s",

                     sqlite3_temp_directory);

  }



















































































#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  else if( isNT() ){
    char *zMulti;

    WCHAR zWidePath[MAX_PATH];




    if( osGetTempPathW(MAX_PATH-30, zWidePath)==0 ){


      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;

    }
    zMulti = unicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zMulti);

      sqlite3_free(zMulti);

    }else{


      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char zMbcsPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH];





    if( osGetTempPathA(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zMbcsPath)==0 ){

      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;

    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{

      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled without ANSI support and the current operating system
    ** is not Windows NT; therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled for WinRT and the sqlite3_temp_directory is not set;
    ** therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nTempPath = sqlite3Strlen30(zTempPath);

  if( (nTempPath + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){

    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return SQLITE_ERROR;

  }

  for(i=nTempPath; i>0 && zTempPath[i-1]=='\\'; i--){}
  zTempPath[i] = 0;

  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-18, zBuf, (nTempPath > 0) ?
                       "%s\\"SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX : SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX,
                   zTempPath);
  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  zBuf[j+1] = 0;


  OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME name=%s, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", zBuf));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the named file is really a directory.  Return false if
................................................................................
** allocation failure.
*/
static int winIsDir(const void *zConverted){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno;

  if( isNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard,
                             &sAttrData)) && retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( !rc ){
      return 0; /* Invalid name? */
    }
    attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
................................................................................
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}

/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Not used */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);
    rc = getTempname(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

  /* Database filenames are double-zero terminated if they are not
  ** URIs with parameters.  Hence, they can always be passed into
  ** sqlite3_uri_parameter().
  */
  assert( (eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) || (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_URI) ||
        zUtf8Name[strlen(zUtf8Name)+1]==0 );

  /* Convert the filename to the system encoding. */
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zUtf8Name);
  if( zConverted==0 ){

    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR;
  }

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS extendedParameters;
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#else
    while( (h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
  }
#endif
  logIoerr(cnt);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    OSTRACE(("OPEN-CE-LOCK name=%s, rc=%s\n", zName, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( isReadonly ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_RDONLY;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){

    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    do {
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileW(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileA(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#endif
  if( rc && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, lastErrno,
             "winDelete", zFilename);
  }else{
    logIoerr(cnt);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=%s\n", zFilename, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      logIoerr(cnt);
      if( lastErrno!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND && lastErrno!=ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
        winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, lastErrno, "winAccess", zFilename);
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;

      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, pResOut=%p, *pResOut=%d, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           zFilename, pResOut, *pResOut));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}











/*
** Returns non-zero if the specified path name should be used verbatim.  If
** non-zero is returned from this function, the calling function must simply
** use the provided path name verbatim -OR- resolve it into a full path name
** using the GetFullPathName Win32 API function (if available).
*/
................................................................................
  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a forward slash or a backslash, it is either
  ** a legal UNC name, a volume relative path, or an absolute path name in the
  ** "Unix" format on Windows.  There is no easy way to differentiate between
  ** the final two cases; therefore, we return the safer return value of TRUE
  ** so that callers of this function will simply use it verbatim.
  */
  if ( zPathname[0]=='/' || zPathname[0]=='\\' ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a letter and a colon it is either a volume
  ** relative path or an absolute path.  Callers of this function must not
  ** attempt to treat it as a relative path name (i.e. they should simply use
  ** it verbatim).
  */
  if ( sqlite3Isalpha(zPathname[0]) && zPathname[1]==':' ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If we get to this point, the path name should almost certainly be a purely
  ** relative one (i.e. not a UNC name, not absolute, and not volume relative).
  */
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( pVfs->mxPathname>=SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH );
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1];



    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                         SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1)<0 ){


      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);

  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  DWORD nByte;
  void *zConverted;
  char *zOut;

  /* If this path name begins with "/X:", where "X" is any alphabetic
  ** character, discard the initial "/" from the pathname.
  */
  if( zRelative[0]=='/' && sqlite3Isalpha(zRelative[1]) && zRelative[2]==':' ){
    zRelative++;
  }

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. This function could fail if, for example, the
  ** current working directory has been unlinked.
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    LPWSTR zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW1", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;

    }
    nByte += 3;
    zTemp = sqlite3MallocZero( nByte*sizeof(zTemp[0]) );
    if( zTemp==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, nByte, zTemp, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW2", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;

    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = unicodeToUtf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameA1", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;

    }
    nByte += 3;
    zTemp = sqlite3MallocZero( nByte*sizeof(zTemp[0]) );
    if( zTemp==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, nByte, zTemp, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameA2", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;

    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#endif
  if( zOut ){
................................................................................
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
................................................................................
**
** However if an error message is supplied, it will be incorporated
** by sqlite into the error message available to the user using
** sqlite3_errmsg(), possibly making IO errors easier to debug.
*/
static int winGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBuf);
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };



























  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==74 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#endif
  assert( winSysInfo.dwAllocationGranularity>0 );
  assert( winSysInfo.dwPageSize>0 );

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);





  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){ 
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
................................................................................
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     unused
**     72       4     unused

**     76       4     unused
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object, containing the value of pExpr.













**
** This only works for very simple expressions that consist of one constant
** token (i.e. "5", "5.1", "'a string'"). If the expression can
** be converted directly into a value, then the value is allocated and
** a pointer written to *ppVal. The caller is responsible for deallocating
** the value by passing it to sqlite3ValueFree() later on. If the expression
** cannot be converted to a value, then *ppVal is set to NULL.





*/













































SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(








  sqlite3 *db,              /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,              /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                   /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,              /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal     /* Write the new value here */

){
  int op;
  char *zVal = 0;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int negInt = 1;
  const char *zNeg = "";


  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    op = pExpr->op;
    negInt = -1;
    zNeg = "-";
  }

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
................................................................................
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) ){


      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);


  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  *ppVal = 0;



  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

























































































































































































/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(
  sqlite3_value *v,     /* Value to be set */
  int n,                /* Length of string z */
  const void *z,        /* Text of the new string */
................................................................................


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}

static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *, Op *, int);

/*
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif

  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.
................................................................................
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}














/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction
................................................................................
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
      memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
      VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  u.ab.cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( u.ab.cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag;
    u.ab.cnt--;
................................................................................
  u.ad.p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ad.n>0 && u.ad.p1>0 && u.ad.p2>0 );
  assert( u.ad.p1+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p2 || u.ad.p2+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[u.ad.p1];
  pOut = &aMem[u.ad.p2];
  while( u.ad.n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ad.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ad.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ad.p1+pOp->p3] ){
................................................................................
case OP_ResultRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.af */
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.af */
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=p->nMem+1 );

  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ai */

  u.ai.n = pOp->p5;
  u.ai.apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( u.ai.apVal || u.ai.n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( u.ai.n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.ai.n<=p->nMem+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+u.ai.n );
  u.ai.pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(u.ai.i=0; u.ai.i<u.ai.n; u.ai.i++, u.ai.pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
................................................................................
  ** the pointer to u.ai.ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.ai.ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.ai.ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  u.ai.ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( u.ai.ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.ai.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*u.ai.ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&u.ai.ctx, u.ai.n, u.ai.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
................................................................................
  assert( u.al.pKeyInfo!=0 );
  u.al.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.al.p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<u.al.n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+mx<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+mx<=p->nMem+1 );
  }else{
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+u.al.n<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+u.al.n<=p->nMem+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(u.al.i=0; u.al.i<u.al.n; u.al.i++){
    u.al.idx = aPermute ? aPermute[u.al.i] : u.al.i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p2+u.al.idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.al.p1+u.al.idx, &aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]);
................................................................................


  u.ao.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.ao.p2 = pOp->p2;
  u.ao.pC = 0;
  memset(&u.ao.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ao.sMem));
  assert( u.ao.p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.ao.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.ao.pDest);
  u.ao.zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable u.ao.payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ap */

  u.ap.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (u.ap.cAff = *(u.ap.zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, u.ap.cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  u.aq.nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  u.aq.nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  u.aq.nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p1;
  u.aq.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.aq.nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.aq.nField<=p->nMem+1 );
  u.aq.pData0 = &aMem[u.aq.nField];
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p2;
  u.aq.pLast = &u.aq.pData0[u.aq.nField-1];
  u.aq.file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    u.aq.i += putVarint32(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], u.aq.serial_type);      /* serial type */
  }
  for(u.aq.pRec=u.aq.pData0; u.aq.pRec<=u.aq.pLast; u.aq.pRec++){  /* serial data */
    u.aq.i += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], (int)(u.aq.nByte-u.aq.i), u.aq.pRec,u.aq.file_format);
  }
  assert( u.aq.i==u.aq.nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut->n = (int)u.aq.nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( u.aq.nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = u.aq.nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = u.ay.pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    u.ay.wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( u.ay.p2>0 );
    assert( u.ay.p2<=p->nMem );
    pIn2 = &aMem[u.ay.p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    u.ay.p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The u.ay.p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the u.ay.p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
  i64 R;                             /* Rowid stored in register P3 */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bf */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.bf.aMx = &aMem[pOp->p4.i];
  /* Assert that the values of parameters P1 and P4 are in range. */
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( pOp->p4.i>0 && pOp->p4.i<=p->nMem );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  /* Find the index cursor. */
  u.bf.pCx = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bf.pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
  u.bf.pCx->seekResult = 0;
  u.bf.pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(u.bh.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.bh.pFrame->pParent; u.bh.pFrame=u.bh.pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=u.bh.pFrame->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &u.bh.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, u.bh.pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(u.bh.pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bh.pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.bh.pMem);
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bt */

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=p->nMem+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bt.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bt.pC!=0 );
  u.bt.pCrsr = u.bt.pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(u.bt.pCrsr!=0) ){
    u.bt.r.pKeyInfo = u.bt.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bt.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
................................................................................
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ca.j=0; u.ca.j<u.ca.nRoot; u.ca.j++){
    u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[u.ca.j]);
  }
................................................................................
  for(u.cg.i=0; u.cg.i<u.cg.n; u.cg.i++, u.cg.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.cg.pRec) );
    u.cg.apVal[u.cg.i] = u.cg.pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, u.cg.pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cg.pRec);
  }
  u.cg.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.cg.ctx.pMem = u.cg.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cg.pMem->n++;
  u.cg.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.cg.ctx.s.z = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.db = db;
  u.cg.ctx.isError = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.pColl = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( u.cg.ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.cg.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (u.cg.ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&u.cg.ctx, u.cg.n, u.cg.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( u.cg.ctx.isError ){
................................................................................
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  Mem *pMem;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
  u.ch.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (u.ch.pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(u.ch.pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(u.ch.pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.ch.pMem, encoding);
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.co */

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.co.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.co.pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(u.co.pDest);
    break;
  }
  u.co.pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;

    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags2 |= EP2_MallocedToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif















/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;

















      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE and/or TK_AS operators at the root of
** an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){







  while( pExpr && (pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS) ){
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
  }

  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) && (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */


  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)==0 );
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_Irreducible)==0 );
    if( p->pLeft || p->pRight || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{

      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{
        pNew->flags2 = 0;
        if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      int v;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, &v) ){
        assert( v!=-2147483648 );
        *pValue = -v;
        rc = 1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: break;
  }
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */











/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
      */
      if( pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }










      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
        ** loading.
        */
        if( (pDef->flags & (SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH|SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF))!=0 ){
          u8 exprOp;
          assert( nFarg==1 );
          assert( pFarg->a[0].pExpr!=0 );
          exprOp = pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op;
          if( exprOp==TK_COLUMN || exprOp==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH==OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF==OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG );

            testcase( pDef->flags==SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = pDef->flags;
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);   /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          constMask |= (1<<i);
        }
        if( (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr);
        }
      }
      if( pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg ){
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in pExpr->pRight.  The Y is also optional.  If there is no
    ** ELSE clause and no other term matches, then the result of the
    ** exprssion is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );
      assert((pExpr->x.pList->nExpr % 2) == 0);
      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        cacheX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        cacheX.op = TK_REGISTER;
        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    pExpr->iTable = iMem;
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
    pExpr->iTable = r2;
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1);
  exprX.op2 = exprX.op;
  exprX.op = TK_REGISTER;
  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }
................................................................................
    return;
  }

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal;
    if( sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal) ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
      return;
................................................................................
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

/************** End of alter.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file analyze.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2005 July 8
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);

**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  







**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index and in the table.  The second

** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
................................................................................
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 is an enhancement to sqlite_stat2.  A new name is
** used to avoid compatibility problems.  

**
** The format of the sqlite_stat3 table is similar to the format of







** the sqlite_stat2 table.  There are multiple entries for each index.
** The idx column names the index and the tbl column is the table of the
** index.  If the idx and tbl columns are the same, then the sample is
** of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  The sample column is a value taken from
** the left-most column of the index.  The nEq column is the approximate
** number of entires in the index whose left-most column exactly matches


** the sample.  nLt is the approximate number of entires whose left-most









** column is less than the sample.  The nDLt column is the approximate
** number of distinct left-most entries in the index that are less than
** the sample.
**
** Future versions of SQLite might change to store a string containing
** multiple integers values in the nDLt column of sqlite_stat3.  The first
** integer will be the number of prior index entires that are distinct in
** the left-most column.  The second integer will be the number of prior index
** entries that are distinct in the first two columns.  The third integer
** will be the number of prior index entries that are distinct in the first
** three columns.  And so forth.  With that extension, the nDLt field is
** similar in function to the sqlite_stat1.stat field.
**
** There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat3 entries per index.
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat3 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** largest possible nEq values.










*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE















/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat3 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)



**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat3 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat3 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },




#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);



  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){

      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
      ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
          "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
      );
      aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
      aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;

    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;

      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,

           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q", pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[13] tables for writing. */

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat3
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat3_init(), stat3_push(), and stat3_pop() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat3Accum Stat3Accum;
struct Stat3Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int iMin;                 /* Index of entry with minimum nEq and hash */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  struct Stat3Sample {
    i64 iRowid;                /* Rowid in main table of the key */
    tRowcnt nEq;               /* sqlite_stat3.nEq */
    tRowcnt nLt;               /* sqlite_stat3.nLt */
    tRowcnt nDLt;              /* sqlite_stat3.nDLt */
    u8 isPSample;              /* True if a periodic sample */
    u32 iHash;                 /* Tiebreaker hash */
  } *a;                     /* An array of samples */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Implementation of the stat3_init(C,S) SQL function.  The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of samples
** to accumulate (S).
**
** This routine allocates the Stat3Accum object.
**
** The return value is the Stat3Accum object (P).
*/
static void stat3Init(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p;
  tRowcnt nRow;
  int mxSample;
  int n;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nRow = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  mxSample = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  n = sizeof(*p) + sizeof(p->a[0])*mxSample;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero( n );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  p->a = (struct Stat3Sample*)&p[1];
  p->nRow = nRow;
  p->mxSample = mxSample;
  p->nPSample = p->nRow/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef stat3InitFuncdef = {
  2,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Init,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_init",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};


/*
** Implementation of the stat3_push(nEq,nLt,nDLt,rowid,P) SQL function.  The
** arguments describe a single key instance.  This routine makes the 
** decision about whether or not to retain this key for the sqlite_stat3
** table.
**
** The return value is NULL.
*/
static void stat3Push(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[4]);
  tRowcnt nEq = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  tRowcnt nLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  tRowcnt nDLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  i64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[3]);
  u8 isPSample = 0;
  u8 doInsert = 0;
  int iMin = p->iMin;
  struct Stat3Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  u32 h;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(context);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  if( nEq==0 ) return;
  h = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
  if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=((nEq+nLt)/p->nPSample) ){
    doInsert = isPSample = 1;
  }else if( p->nSample<p->mxSample ){
    doInsert = 1;
  }else{
    if( nEq>p->a[iMin].nEq || (nEq==p->a[iMin].nEq && h>p->a[iMin].iHash) ){
      doInsert = 1;
    }
  }
  if( !doInsert ) return;
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    assert( p->nSample - iMin - 1 >= 0 );
    memmove(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[iMin+1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
  }else{
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample++];
  }
  pSample->iRowid = rowid;
  pSample->nEq = nEq;
  pSample->nLt = nLt;
  pSample->nDLt = nDLt;
  pSample->iHash = h;
  pSample->isPSample = isPSample;

  /* Find the new minimum */
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    pSample = p->a;
    i = 0;
    while( pSample->isPSample ){
      i++;
      pSample++;
      assert( i<p->nSample );
    }
    nEq = pSample->nEq;
    h = pSample->iHash;
    iMin = i;
    for(i++, pSample++; i<p->nSample; i++, pSample++){
      if( pSample->isPSample ) continue;
      if( pSample->nEq<nEq
       || (pSample->nEq==nEq && pSample->iHash<h)
      ){
        iMin = i;
        nEq = pSample->nEq;
        h = pSample->iHash;
      }
    }
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3PushFuncdef = {
  5,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Push,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_push",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat3_get(P,N,...) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for the Nth sqlite_stat3
** row where N is between 0 and S-1 and S is the number of samples.  The
** value returned depends on the number of arguments.
**
**   argc==2    result:  rowid
**   argc==3    result:  nEq
**   argc==4    result:  nLt
**   argc==5    result:  nDLt
*/
static void stat3Get(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);

  assert( p!=0 );
  if( p->nSample<=n ) return;
  switch( argc ){
    case 2:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].iRowid); break;
    case 3:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nEq);    break;
    case 4:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nLt);    break;
    default: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nDLt);   break;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3GetFuncdef = {
  -1,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Get,         /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_get",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */




/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
  Index *pOnlyIdx, /* If not NULL, only analyze this one index */
  int iStatCur,    /* Index of VdbeCursor that writes the sqlite_stat1 table */
  int iMem         /* Available memory locations begin here */

















































































































































































































































































































































































){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* Database handle */
  Index *pIdx;                 /* An index to being analyzed */
  int iIdxCur;                 /* Cursor open on index being analyzed */

  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  u8 needTableCnt = 1;         /* True to count the table */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = regStat1;     /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regNumDLt = iMem++;      /* Number of distinct keys less than regSample */
  int regSample = iMem++;      /* The next sample value */
  int regRowid = regSample;    /* Rowid of a sample */
  int regAccum = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat3Accum object */
  int regLoop = iMem++;        /* Loop counter */
  int regCount = iMem++;       /* Number of rows in the table or index */
  int regTemp1 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int once = 1;                /* One-time initialization */
  int shortJump = 0;           /* Instruction address */
  int iTabCur = pParse->nTab++; /* Table cursor */
#endif
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column in analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */







  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. */



  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);


  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;


  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;

    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot = 0;           /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */




    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nCol);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    if( once ){
      once = 0;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regCount);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumEq);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regNumDLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regSample, regAccum);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regCount, regAccum,
                      (char*)&stat3InitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
    **        Number of distinct entries in index considering the 
    **        left-most N columns only, where N is between 1 and nCol, 
    **        inclusive.
    **
    **    iMem+nCol+1 .. Mem+2*nCol:  
    **        Previous value of indexed columns, from left to right.
    **
    ** Cells iMem through iMem+nCol are initialized to 0. The others are 
    ** initialized to contain an SQL NULL.
    */
    for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iMem+i);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);  /* Increment row counter */

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){
        /* Always record the very first row */
        addrIfNot = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      aChngAddr[i] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                                      (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeComment((v, "jump if column %d changed", i));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumEq, 1);
        VdbeComment((v, "incr repeat count"));
      }
#endif
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aChngAddr[i]);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIfNot);   /* Jump dest for OP_IfNot */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                          (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, pIdx->nColumn, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regNumLt);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumDLt, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regNumEq);
#endif        
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aChngAddr);

    /* Always jump here after updating the iMem+1...iMem+1+nCol counters */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                      (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regLoop);
    shortJump = 
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLoop, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regTemp1,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, shortJump, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumEq,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumDLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regRec, "bbbbbb", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, shortJump);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, shortJump+2);
#endif        

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
    ** in the index.  There is one additional integer in the list for each
    ** column of the table.  This additional integer is a guess of how many
    ** rows of the table the index will select.  If D is the count of distinct
    ** values and K is the total number of rows, then the integer is computed
    ** as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }

  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);






    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
................................................................................
*/
static void analyzeDatabase(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;


  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;

  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code that will do an analysis of a single table in
** a database.  If pOnlyIdx is not NULL then it is a single index
................................................................................
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code for the ANALYZE command.  The parser calls this routine
** when it recognizes an ANALYZE command.
**
................................................................................
** callback routine.
*/
typedef struct analysisInfo analysisInfo;
struct analysisInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zDatabase;
};















































/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
**     argv[0] = name of the table
**     argv[1] = name of the index (might be NULL)
................................................................................
** Entries for which argv[1]==NULL simply record the number of rows in
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  tRowcnt v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1] ){
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  n = pIndex ? pIndex->nColumn : 0;
  z = argv[2];
  for(i=0; *z && i<=n; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }


    if( i==0 && (pIndex==0 || pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0) ){




      if( v>0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
      if( pIndex==0 ) break;
    }
    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
  if( db && db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
    pIdx->nSample = 0;
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat3 table into the Index.aSample[]
** arrays of all indices.
*/














































static int loadStat3(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){






  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */
  int idx = 0;                  /* slot in pIdx->aSample[] for next sample */
  int eType;                    /* Datatype of a sample */
  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  if( !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " GROUP BY idx", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){



    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */




    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    assert( pIdx->nSample==0 );






    pIdx->nSample = nSample;




    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nSample*sizeof(IndexSample));
    pIdx->avgEq = pIdx->aiRowEst[1];
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }








  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int i;          /* Loop counter */
    tRowcnt sumEq;  /* Sum of the nEq values */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPrevIdx ){
      idx++;
    }else{
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
      idx = 0;
    }
    assert( idx<pIdx->nSample );
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[idx];
    pSample->nEq = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
    pSample->nLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 2);
    pSample->nDLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 3);
    if( idx==pIdx->nSample-1 ){
      if( pSample->nDLt>0 ){
        for(i=0, sumEq=0; i<=idx-1; i++) sumEq += pIdx->aSample[i].nEq;
        pIdx->avgEq = (pSample->nLt - sumEq)/pSample->nDLt;
      }
      if( pIdx->avgEq<=0 ) pIdx->avgEq = 1;
    }
    eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
    switch( eType ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
        pSample->u.i = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        break;
      }
      default: assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ); {
        const char *z = (const char *)(
              (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
              sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4):
              sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 4)
           );
        int n = z ? sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4) : 0;
        pSample->nByte = n;
        if( n < 1){
          pSample->u.z = 0;
        }else{
          pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
          if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
            db->mallocFailed = 1;
            sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3 are used to populate the



** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat3 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat3 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat3(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
................................................................................
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(aNew->pBt,
                             sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[0].pBt,-1) );

    sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(aNew->pBt, 3 | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));

  }
  aNew->safety_level = 3;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse *pParse, Expr *pDbname){
  static const FuncDef detach_func = {
    1,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    detachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_detach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
** Called by the parser to compile an ATTACH statement.
**
**     ATTACH p AS pDbname KEY pKey
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, Expr *pDbname, Expr *pKey){
  static const FuncDef attach_func = {
    3,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    attachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_attach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
................................................................................
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.
**
** The return value indicates whether or not fixation is required.  TRUE
** means we do need to fix the database references, FALSE means we do not.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixInit(
  DbFixer *pFix,      /* The fixer to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( NEVER(iDb<0) || iDb==1 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  return 1;
}

/*
** The following set of routines walk through the parse tree and assign
** a specific database to all table references where the database name
** was left unspecified in the original SQL statement.  The pFix structure
** must have been initialized by a prior call to sqlite3FixInit().
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){

    if( pItem->zDatabase && sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase, zDb) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
         "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
         pFix->zType, pFix->pName, pItem->zDatabase);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pFix->pParse->db, pItem->zDatabase);
    pItem->zDatabase = 0;
    pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(pFix, pSelect->pSrc) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pWhere) ){
      return 1;



    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pHaving) ){
      return 1;









    }
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  }
  return 0;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){








    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1000000;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;



  if( zIn ) while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 

    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }























  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}





























/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;


  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */







  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName)
    && sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect)
  ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=1; i<=3; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
      );
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  int nCol;

  int nExtra = 0;
  char *zExtra;


  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTblName);
      if( pName2->n==0 && pTab && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
        iDb = 1;
      }
    }
#endif

    if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "index", pName) &&
        sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTblName)
    ){
      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;
    Column *pTabCol;
    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);


  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **
................................................................................
  if( p->nArg==nArg ){
    match = 4;
  }else{
    match = 1;
  }

  /* Bonus points if the text encoding matches */
  if( enc==p->iPrefEnc ){
    match += 2;  /* Exact encoding match */
  }else if( (enc & p->iPrefEnc & 2)!=0 ){
    match += 1;  /* Both are UTF16, but with different byte orders */
  }

  return match;
}

/*
................................................................................
  ** exact match for the name, number of arguments and encoding, then add a
  ** new entry to the hash table and return it.
  */
  if( createFlag && bestScore<FUNC_PERFECT_MATCH && 
      (pBest = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pBest)+nName+1))!=0 ){
    pBest->zName = (char *)&pBest[1];
    pBest->nArg = (u16)nArg;
    pBest->iPrefEnc = enc;
    memcpy(pBest->zName, zName, nName);
    pBest->zName[nName] = 0;
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(&db->aFunc, pBest);
  }

  if( pBest && (pBest->xStep || pBest->xFunc || createFlag) ){
    return pBest;
................................................................................
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table. Prior to version 3.6.5,
  ** this optimization caused the row change count (the value returned by 
  ** API function sqlite3_count_changes) to be set incorrectly.  */
  if( rcauth==SQLITE_OK && pWhere==0 && !pTrigger && !IsVirtual(pTab) 
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
    ** being deleted. Do not attempt to delete the row a second time, and 
    ** do not fire AFTER triggers.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, iLabel, iRowid);

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0);
  }

  /* Delete the index and table entries. Skip this step if pTab is really
  ** a view (in which case the only effect of the DELETE statement is to
  ** fire the INSTEAD OF triggers).  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pTab->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld);

  /* Invoke AFTER DELETE trigger programs. */
  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
      TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
  );

  /* Jump here if the row had already been deleted before any BEFORE
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}

/*
** The COALESCE() and IFNULL() functions are implemented as VDBE code so
** that unused argument values do not have to be computed.  However, we
** still need some kind of function implementation for this routines in
** the function table.  That function implementation will never be called
** so it doesn't matter what the implementation is.  We might as well use
** the "version()" function as a substitute.
*/
#define ifnullFunc versionFunc   /* Substitute function - never called */

/*
** Implementation of random().  Return a random integer.  
*/
static void randomFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
................................................................................
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
        if( noCase ){
          GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          GlogUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          }
        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlogUpperToLower(c);
        GlogUpperToLower(c2);
      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** Set the LIKEOPT flag on the 2-argument function with the given name.
*/
static void setLikeOptFlag(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, u8 flagVal){
  FuncDef *pDef;
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, sqlite3Strlen30(zName),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) ){
    pDef->flags = flagVal;
  }
}

/*
** Register the built-in LIKE and GLOB functions.  The caseSensitive
** parameter determines whether or not the LIKE operator is case
** sensitive.  GLOB is always case sensitive.
................................................................................
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, pExpr->u.zToken, 
                             sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->u.zToken),
                             2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
  if( NEVER(pDef==0) || (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* The memcpy() statement assumes that the wildcard characters are
  ** the first three statements in the compareInfo structure.  The
  ** asserts() that follow verify that assumption
  */
  memcpy(aWc, pDef->pUserData, 3);
  assert( (char*)&likeInfoAlt == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchAll );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[1] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchOne );
  assert( &((char*)&likeInfoAlt)[2] == (char*)&likeInfoAlt.matchSet );
  *pIsNocase = (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_CASE)==0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** All all of the FuncDef structures in the aBuiltinFunc[] array above
** to the global function hash table.  This occurs at start-time (as
** a consequence of calling sqlite3_initialize()).
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),


    FUNCTION(random,             0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(randomblob,         1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     1, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     2, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
  #endif
    AGGREGATE(sum,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         sumFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(total,             1, 0, 0, sumStep,         totalFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(avg,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         avgFinalize    ),
 /* AGGREGATE(count,             0, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ), */
    {0,SQLITE_UTF8,SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT,0,0,0,countStep,countFinalize,"count",0,0},
    AGGREGATE(count,             1, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      1, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
    AGGREGATE(group_concat,      2, 0, 0, groupConcatStep, groupConcatFinalize),
  
    LIKEFUNC(glob, 2, &globInfo, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),
  #ifdef SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
    LIKEFUNC(like, 2, &likeInfoAlt, SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE|SQLITE_FUNC_CASE),
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aBuiltinFunc); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
  sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions();
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  sqlite3AlterFunctions();



#endif
}

/************** End of func.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file fkey.c ********************************************/
/*
**
................................................................................
      /* Search for a deferred foreign key constraint for which this table
      ** is the child table. If one cannot be found, return without 
      ** generating any VDBE code. If one can be found, then jump over
      ** the entire DELETE if there are no outstanding deferred constraints
      ** when this statement is run.  */
      FKey *p;
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( p->isDeferred ) break;
      }
      if( !p ) return;
      iSkip = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 1, iSkip);
    }

    pParse->disableTriggers = 1;
    sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pName, 0), 0);
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */






    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );


    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}

































































/*
** This function is called when inserting, deleting or updating a row of
** table pTab to generate VDBE code to perform foreign key constraint 
** processing for the operation.
**
** For a DELETE operation, parameter regOld is passed the index of the
** first register in an array of (pTab->nCol+1) registers containing the
................................................................................
** described for DELETE. Then again after the original record is deleted
** but before the new record is inserted using the INSERT convention. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkCheck(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Row is being deleted from this table */ 
  int regOld,                     /* Previous row data is stored here */
  int regNew                      /* New row data is stored here */


){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  FKey *pFKey;                    /* Used to iterate through FKs */
  int iDb;                        /* Index of database containing pTab */
  const char *zDb;                /* Name of database containing pTab */
  int isIgnoreErrors = pParse->disableTriggers;

................................................................................
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
    int *aiCol;
    int iCol;
    int i;
    int isIgnore = 0;








    /* Find the parent table of this foreign key. Also find a unique index 
    ** on the parent key columns in the parent table. If either of these 
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table */
  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;





    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) 
     && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite 
    ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
................................................................................
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


/*
** This function is called before generating code to update or delete a 
** row contained in table pTab. If the operation is a DELETE, then
** parameter aChange is passed a NULL value. For an UPDATE, aChange points
** to an array of size N, where N is the number of columns in table pTab.
** If the i'th column is not modified by the UPDATE, then the corresponding 
................................................................................
      /* A DELETE operation. Foreign key processing is required if the 
      ** table in question is either the child or parent table for any 
      ** foreign key constraint.  */
      return (sqlite3FkReferences(pTab) || pTab->pFKey);
    }else{
      /* This is an UPDATE. Foreign key processing is only required if the
      ** operation modifies one or more child or parent key columns. */
      int i;
      FKey *p;

      /* Check if any child key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          int iChildKey = p->aCol[i].iFrom;
          if( aChange[iChildKey]>=0 ) return 1;
          if( iChildKey==pTab->iPKey && chngRowid ) return 1;
        }
      }

      /* Check if any parent key columns are being modified. */
      for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          char *zKey = p->aCol[i].zCol;
          int iKey;
          for(iKey=0; iKey<pTab->nCol; iKey++){
            Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[iKey];
            if( (zKey ? !sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zKey)
                      : (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0) ){
              if( aChange[iKey]>=0 ) return 1;
              if( iKey==pTab->iPKey && chngRowid ) return 1;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This function is called when deleting or updating a row to implement
** any required CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT actions.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkActions(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being updated or deleted from */
  ExprList *pChanges,             /* Change-list for UPDATE, NULL for DELETE */
  int regOld                      /* Address of array containing old row */


){
  /* If foreign-key support is enabled, iterate through all FKs that 
  ** refer to table pTab. If there is an action associated with the FK 
  ** for this operation (either update or delete), invoke the associated 
  ** trigger sub-program.  */
  if( pParse->db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys ){
    FKey *pFKey;                  /* Iterator variable */
    for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){

      Trigger *pAction = fkActionTrigger(pParse, pTab, pFKey, pChanges);
      if( pAction ){
        sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(pParse, pAction, pTab, regOld, OE_Abort, 0);

      }
    }
  }
}

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

................................................................................
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx,
          keyColumn>=0, 0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns);
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
          pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
................................................................................
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
*/



































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
................................................................................
        sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(pDb->pBt,
                 pDb->safety_level | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK) );
      }
      pDb++;
    }
  }
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
/*
** Check to see if zRight and zLeft refer to a pragma that queries
** or changes one of the flags in db->flags.  Return 1 if so and 0 if not.
** Also, implement the pragma.
*/
static int flagPragma(Parse *pParse, const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  static const struct sPragmaType {
    const char *zName;  /* Name of the pragma */
    int mask;           /* Mask for the db->flags value */
  } aPragma[] = {
    { "full_column_names",        SQLITE_FullColNames  },
    { "short_column_names",       SQLITE_ShortColNames },
    { "count_changes",            SQLITE_CountRows     },
    { "empty_result_callbacks",   SQLITE_NullCallback  },
    { "legacy_file_format",       SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
    { "fullfsync",                SQLITE_FullFSync     },
    { "checkpoint_fullfsync",     SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },
    { "cache_spill",              SQLITE_CacheSpill    },
    { "reverse_unordered_selects", SQLITE_ReverseOrder  },
    { "query_only",               SQLITE_QueryOnly     },
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },

#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
    { "vdbe_addoptrace",          SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace},
    { "vdbe_debug",    SQLITE_SqlTrace | SQLITE_VdbeListing
                               | SQLITE_VdbeTrace      },
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

    /* TODO: Maybe it shouldn't be possible to change the ReadUncommitted
    ** flag if there are any active statements. */
    { "read_uncommitted",         SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
    { "recursive_triggers",       SQLITE_RecTriggers   },

    /* This flag may only be set if both foreign-key and trigger support
    ** are present in the build.  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    { "foreign_keys",             SQLITE_ForeignKeys   },
    { "defer_foreign_keys",       SQLITE_DeferFKs      },
#endif
  };
  int i;
  const struct sPragmaType *p;
  for(i=0, p=aPragma; i<ArraySize(aPragma); i++, p++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, p->zName)==0 ){
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      Vdbe *v;
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      assert( v!=0 );  /* Already allocated by sqlite3Pragma() */
      if( ALWAYS(v) ){
        if( zRight==0 ){
          returnSingleInt(pParse, p->zName, (db->flags & p->mask)!=0 );
        }else{
          int mask = p->mask;          /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
          if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
            /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
            ** in auto-commit mode.  */
            mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
          }

          if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
            db->flags |= mask;
          }else{
            db->flags &= ~mask;
            if( mask==SQLITE_DeferFKs ) db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          }

          /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
          ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
          ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
          */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
        }
      }

      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

/*
** Return a human-readable name for a constraint resolution action.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static const char *actionName(u8 action){
  const char *zName;
  switch( action ){
................................................................................
  Token *pValue,      /* Token for <value>, or NULL */
  int minusFlag       /* True if a '-' sign preceded <value> */
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */


  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }


  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    pParse->nErr++;
    pParse->rc = rc;












  }else

                            
 










#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current persistent setting for the
  ** page cache size.  The value returned is the maximum number of
................................................................................
  **
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"default_cache_size")==0 ){
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 1);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS && !SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** database page size in bytes.  The second form sets the
  ** database page size value.  The value can only be set if
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_size")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
................................................................................
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete=ON/OFF
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** secure_delete flag.  The second form changes the secure_delete
  ** flag setting and reports thenew value.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"secure_delete")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    int b = -1;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( zRight ){
      b = sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0);
    }
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
................................................................................
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** maximum number of pages in the database file.  The 
................................................................................
  ** change.  The only purpose is to provide an easy way to test
  ** the sqlite3AbsInt32() function.
  **
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_count
  **
  ** Return the number of pages in the specified database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_count")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"max_page_count")==0
  ){
    int iReg;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, 
                        sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight)));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode = (normal|exclusive)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"locking_mode")==0 ){
    const char *zRet = "normal";
    int eMode = getLockingMode(zRight);

    if( pId2->n==0 && eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY ){
      /* Simple "PRAGMA locking_mode;" statement. This is a query for
      ** the current default locking mode (which may be different to
      ** the locking-mode of the main database).
................................................................................
        }
        db->dfltLockMode = (u8)eMode;
      }
      pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      eMode = sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, eMode);
    }


    assert(eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL||eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_mode")==0 ){
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    /* Force the schema to be loaded on all databases.  This causes all
    ** database files to be opened and the journal_modes set.  This is
    ** necessary because subsequent processing must know if the databases
    ** are in WAL mode. */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
................................................................................
    for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
      if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, ii);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_JournalMode, ii, 1, eMode);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit=N
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_size_limit")==0 ){
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, 1000000, SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
  }else


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum=N
  **
  ** Get or set the value of the database 'auto-vacuum' parameter.
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"auto_vacuum")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( !zRight ){
      int auto_vacuum;
      if( ALWAYS(pBt) ){
         auto_vacuum = sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt);
      }else{
         auto_vacuum = SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM;
      }
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", auto_vacuum);
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;
      if( ALWAYS(eAuto>=0) ){
        /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
        ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
        ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
        ** as an auto-vacuum capable db.
        */
        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
          /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
          ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
          ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
          ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
          */
          static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
            { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
            { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
            { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
            { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
            { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
            { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
          };
          int iAddr;
          iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        }
      }

    }
  }else
#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]incremental_vacuum(N)
  **
  ** Do N steps of incremental vacuuming on a database.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"incremental_vacuum")==0 ){

    int iLimit, addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }else

#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size=N
  **
................................................................................
  ** The first form reports the current local setting for the
  ** page cache size. The second form sets the local
  ** page cache size value.  If N is positive then that is the
  ** number of pages in the cache.  If N is negative, then the
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"cache_size")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]mmap_size(N)
  **
  ** Used to set mapping size limit. The mapping size limit is
  ** used to limit the aggregate size of all memory mapped regions of the
  ** database file. If this parameter is set to zero, then memory mapping
................................................................................
  ** limit determined by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE) is set.
  ** The parameter N is measured in bytes.
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"mmap_size")==0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;

    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, 1000, SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
      if( pId2->n==0 ) db->szMmap = sz;
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
    }
    sz = -1;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE==0
    sz = 0;

#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the default
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store_directory flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else


#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  /*
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the data_store_directory flag.  Changing
................................................................................
  ** were specified with a relative pathname.  Setting to a null string reverts
  ** to the default database directory, which for database files specified with
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "data_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_data_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_data_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif
#endif

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  /*
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file = ":auto:"|"lock_file_path"
   **
   ** Return or set the value of the lock_proxy_file flag.  Changing
   ** the value sets a specific file to be used for database access locks.
   **
   */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_proxy_file")==0 ){

    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
................................................................................
                                     NULL);
      }
      if( res!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "failed to set lock proxy file");
        goto pragma_out;
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */      
    
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous=OFF|ON|NORMAL|FULL
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"synchronous")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;
        setAllPagerFlags(db);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  if( flagPragma(pParse, zLeft, zRight) ){
    setAllPagerFlags(db);



  }else























#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
  ** Return a single row for each column of the named table. The columns of
................................................................................
  **
  ** cid:        Column id (numbered from left to right, starting at 0)
  ** name:       Column name
  ** type:       Column declaration type.
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
................................................................................
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;






























    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_list")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
          ++i;
          pIdx = pIdx->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }else


  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "database_list")==0 ){

    int i;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
................................................................................
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "collation_list")==0 ){



    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_list")==0 && zRight ){
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_check")==0 ){
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
................................................................................
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */

    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif

  /* Reinstall the LIKE and GLOB functions.  The variant of LIKE
  ** used will be case sensitive or not depending on the RHS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "case_sensitive_like")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(db, sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0));
    }
  }else


#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "integrity_check")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "quick_check")==0 
  ){
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
................................................................................
    ** to -1 here, to indicate that the VDBE should verify the integrity
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
  **   PRAGMA encoding = "utf-8"|"utf-16"|"utf-16le"|"utf-16be"
  **
................................................................................
  ** the main database has not been initialized and/or created when ATTACH
  ** is executed, this is done before the ATTACH operation.
  **
  ** In the second form this pragma sets the text encoding to be used in
  ** new database files created using this database handle. It is only
  ** useful if invoked immediately after the main database i
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "encoding")==0 ){
    static const struct EncName {
      char *zName;
      u8 enc;
    } encnames[] = {
      { "UTF8",     SQLITE_UTF8        },
      { "UTF-8",    SQLITE_UTF8        },  /* Must be element [1] */
      { "UTF-16le", SQLITE_UTF16LE     },  /* Must be element [2] */
................................................................................
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version = <integer>
  **
................................................................................
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "schema_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "user_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "freelist_count")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "application_id")==0 
  ){
    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
................................................................................
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA compile_options
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "compile_options")==0 ){
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_checkpoint")==0 ){
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = N
  **
  ** Configure a database connection to automatically checkpoint a database
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_autocheckpoint")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }else

#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA shrink_memory
  **
  ** This pragma attempts to free as much memory as possible from the
  ** current database connection.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "shrink_memory")==0 ){
    sqlite3_db_release_memory(db);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, N).  Return the current timeout value
  ** if one is set.  If no busy handler or a different busy handler is set
  ** then 0 is returned.  Setting the busy_timeout to 0 or negative
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "busy_timeout")==0 ){

    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
  }else


















#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_status")==0 ){
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }


  }else
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "key")==0 && zRight ){
    sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "rekey")==0 && zRight ){


    sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( zRight && (sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexkey")==0 ||
                 sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexrekey")==0) ){




    int i, h1, h2;
    char zKey[40];
    for(i=0; (h1 = zRight[i])!=0 && (h2 = zRight[i+1])!=0; i+=2){
      h1 += 9*(1&(h1>>6));
      h2 += 9*(1&(h2>>6));
      zKey[i/2] = (h2 & 0x0f) | ((h1 & 0xf)<<4);


    }
    if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
      sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else



#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_cerod(&zRight[6]);
    }
#endif
  }else


#endif

 
  {/* Empty ELSE clause */}

pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */
................................................................................

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(pEq);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
}

/*
** Set the EP_FromJoin property on all terms of the given expression.
................................................................................
** defer the handling of t1.x=5, it will be processed immediately
** after the t1 loop and rows with t1.x!=5 will never appear in
** the output, which is incorrect.
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(p);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.



**
** The declaration type is the exact datatype definition extracted from the
** original CREATE TABLE statement if the expression is a column. The
** declaration type for a ROWID field is INTEGER. Exactly when an expression
** is considered a column can be complex in the presence of subqueries. The
** result-set expression in all of the following SELECT statements is 
** considered a column by this function.
................................................................................
**
**   SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl);
**   SELECT abc FROM (SELECT col AS abc FROM tbl);
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.



*/


static const char *columnType(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOriginDb,
  const char **pzOriginTab,
  const char **pzOriginCol

){
  char const *zType = 0;
  char const *zOriginDb = 0;
  char const *zOriginTab = 0;








  char const *zOriginCol = 0;
  int j;
  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;



  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pTab->pSchema) ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOriginCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          zOriginCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;

        }
        zOriginTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOriginDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
        }








      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* The expression is a sub-select. Return the declaration type and
      ** origin info for the single column in the result set of the SELECT
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  

  if( pzOriginDb ){
    assert( pzOriginTab && pzOriginCol );
    *pzOriginDb = zOriginDb;
    *pzOriginTab = zOriginTab;
    *pzOriginCol = zOriginCol;
  }


  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE */
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the names of columns
** in the result set.  This information is used to provide the
** azCol[] values in the callback.
*/
................................................................................
** routine goes through and adds the types and collations.
**
** This routine requires that all identifiers in the SELECT
** statement be resolved.
*/
static void selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing contexts */
  int nCol,             /* Number of columns */
  Column *aCol,         /* List of columns */
  Select *pSelect       /* SELECT used to determine types and collations */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;


  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0));

    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }

}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}
................................................................................
  pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  assert( pTab && !pTab->pSelect && pExpr );

  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(pAggInfo->nFunc==0) ) return 0;
  if( (pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pFunc->flags&SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT)==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->flags&EP_Distinct ) return 0;

  return pTab;
}

/*
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_subquery_%p_", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        assert( pSel );
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSel);
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif

................................................................................
      regAgg = 0;
    }
    if( pF->iDistinct>=0 ){
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      assert( nArg==1 );
      codeDistinct(pParse, pF->iDistinct, addrNext, 1, regAgg);
    }
    if( pF->pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      int j;
      assert( pList!=0 );  /* pList!=0 if pF->pFunc has NEEDCOLL */
      for(j=0, pItem=pList->a; !pColl && j<nArg; j++, pItem++){
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      }
................................................................................
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;               /* Keyinfo for scanned index */
        Index *pBest = 0;                    /* Best index found so far */
        int iRoot = pTab->tnum;              /* Root page of scanned b-tree */

        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

        /* Search for the index that has the least amount of columns. If
        ** there is such an index, and it has less columns than the table
        ** does, then we can assume that it consumes less space on disk and
        ** will therefore be cheaper to scan to determine the query result.
        ** In this case set iRoot to the root page number of the index b-tree
        ** and pKeyInfo to the KeyInfo structure required to navigate the
        ** index.
        **
        ** (2011-04-15) Do not do a full scan of an unordered index.


        **
        ** In practice the KeyInfo structure will not be used. It is only 
        ** passed to keep OP_OpenRead happy.
        */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          if( pIdx->bUnordered==0 && (!pBest || pIdx->nColumn<pBest->nColumn) ){




            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest && pBest->nColumn<pTab->nCol ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){
................................................................................
        && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
    iDb = 1;
  }

  /* Ensure the table name matches database name and that the table exists */
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto trigger_cleanup;
  assert( pTableName->nSrc==1 );
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", pName) && 
      sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTableName) ){
    goto trigger_cleanup;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTableName);
  if( !pTab ){
    /* The table does not exist. */
    if( db->init.iDb==1 ){
      /* Ticket #3810.
................................................................................
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->zName;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken) 
          && sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) ){


    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
** on register iReg. This is used when an equivalent integer value is 
** stored in place of an 8-byte floating point value in order to save 
** space.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int i, int iReg){
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  if( !pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3_value *pValue;
    u8 enc = ENC(sqlite3VdbeDb(v));
    Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[i];
    VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, pCol->zName));
    assert( i<pTab->nCol );
    sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), pCol->pDflt, enc, 
                         pCol->affinity, &pValue);
    if( pValue ){
................................................................................

    /* Do constraint checks. */
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid,
        aRegIdx, (chngRowid?regOldRowid:0), 1, onError, addr, 0);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regOldRowid);
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, aRegIdx);
  
    /* If changing the record number, delete the old record.  */
    if( hasFK || chngRowid ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iCur, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regNewRowid);
    }
  
    /* Insert the new index entries and the new record. */
    sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid, aRegIdx, 1, 0, 0);

    /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
    ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
    ** to the row just updated. */ 
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
................................................................................
    }
  }

  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** The non-standard VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.
**
** In version 1.0.x of SQLite, the VACUUM command would call
** gdbm_reorganize() on all the database tables.  But beginning
** with 2.0.0, SQLite no longer uses GDBM so this command has
** become a no-op.




















*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Vacuum, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, 0);
  }
................................................................................
    return pDef;
  }
  *pNew = *pDef;
  pNew->zName = (char *)&pNew[1];
  memcpy(pNew->zName, pDef->zName, sqlite3Strlen30(pDef->zName)+1);
  pNew->xFunc = xFunc;
  pNew->pUserData = pArg;
  pNew->flags |= SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM;
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Make sure virtual table pTab is contained in the pParse->apVirtualLock[]
** array so that an OP_VBegin will get generated for it.  Add pTab to the
** array if it is missing.  If pTab is already in the array, this routine
................................................................................
typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;

/*
** Cost X is tracked as 10*log2(X) stored in a 16-bit integer.  The
** maximum cost for ordinary tables is 64*(2**63) which becomes 6900.
** (Virtual tables can return a larger cost, but let's assume they do not.)
** So all costs can be stored in a 16-bit unsigned integer without risk
** of overflow.
**
** Costs are estimates, so no effort is made to compute 10*log2(X) exactly.
** Instead, a close estimate is used.  Any value of X<=1 is stored as 0.
** X=2 is 10.  X=3 is 16.  X=1000 is 99. etc.
**
** The tool/wherecosttest.c source file implements a command-line program
** that will convert WhereCosts to integers, convert integers to WhereCosts
** and do addition and multiplication on WhereCost values.  The wherecosttest
** command-line program is a useful utility to have around when working with
** this module.
*/
typedef unsigned short int WhereCost;

/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
................................................................................
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */

};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
................................................................................
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  WhereCost rSetup;     /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  WhereCost rRun;       /* Cost of running each loop */
  WhereCost nOut;       /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
................................................................................

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  WhereCost rRun;     /* Cost of running this subquery */
  WhereCost nOut;     /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
................................................................................
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependences and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
** vector, not a scalar, and because dependences are many-to-one, not
** one-to-one as are graph nodes.  But it is a useful visualization aid.)
** Then a WherePath object is a path through the graph that visits some
** or all of the WhereLoop objects once.
**
** The "solver" works by creating the N best WherePath objects of length
** 1.  Then using those as a basis to compute the N best WherePath objects
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  WhereCost nRow;       /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  WhereCost rCost;      /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
................................................................................
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;

  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};
................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
................................................................................
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* ORDER BY clause */
  WhereLoop *pNew;          /* Template WhereLoop */
  WhereOrSet *pOrSet;       /* Record best loops here, if not NULL */




};

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
................................................................................
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  WhereCost nRowOut;        /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */


/* Convert a WhereCost value (10 times log2(X)) into its integer value X.
** A rough approximation is used.  The value returned is not exact.
*/
static u64 whereCostToInt(WhereCost x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return whereCostToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
................................................................................
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  WhereCost rRun,        /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  WhereCost nOut         /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];





  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** If the pBase expression originated in the ON or USING clause of
** a join, then transfer the appropriate markings over to derived.
*/
static void transferJoinMarkings(Expr *pDerived, Expr *pBase){

  pDerived->flags |= pBase->flags & EP_FromJoin;
  pDerived->iRightJoinTable = pBase->iRightJoinTable;

}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Analyze a term that consists of two or more OR-connected
** subterms.  So in:
**
................................................................................
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);

      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
    }
    pTerm->nChild = 2;
................................................................................
    }
    sCollSeqName.z = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    sCollSeqName.n = 6;
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE, 
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse,pNewExpr1,&sCollSeqName),
           pStr1, 0);

    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse,pNewExpr2,&sCollSeqName),
           pStr2, 0);

    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      pWC->a[idxNew1].iParent = idxTerm;
      pWC->a[idxNew2].iParent = idxTerm;
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  /* When sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two WhereCosts.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because WhereCost is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
static WhereCost whereCostAdd(WhereCost a, WhereCost b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCost(tRowcnt x){
  static WhereCost a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  WhereCost y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double (as received from xBestIndex of a virtual table)
** into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute an approximation for
** 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCostFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  WhereCost e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return whereCost((tRowcnt)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/
static WhereCost estLog(WhereCost N){
  WhereCost x = whereCost(N);


  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
................................................................................
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/
static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  tRowcnt n;
  IndexSample *aSample;

  int i, eType;
  int isEq = 0;
  i64 v;
  double r, rS;

  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );





  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  if( pVal==0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  n = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
  aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

  if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    v = sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);

    r = (i64)v;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
        if( aSample[i].u.i>=v ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.i==v;
          break;
        }
      }else{
        assert( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT );
        if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.r==r;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
    r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
        rS = aSample[i].u.r;
      }else{
        rS = aSample[i].u.i;
      }
      if( rS>=r ){
        isEq = rS==r;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
    i = 0;
    if( aSample[0].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) isEq = 1;
  }else{
    assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_TEXT || aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        break;
      }

    }






    if( i<pIdx->nSample ){      

      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(pParse, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        /* If the collating sequence was unavailable, we should have failed
        ** long ago and never reached this point.  But we'll check just to
        ** be doubly sure. */
        if( NEVER(pColl==0) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
  


      for(; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( eSampletype!=eType ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){

            assert( db->mallocFailed );
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;



          }
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif

        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }
        if( c>=0 ){
          if( c==0 ) isEq = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then isEq==1.
  */
  if( isEq ){
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );

    aStat[0] = aSample[i].nLt;
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].nEq;
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].nLt;
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? n : aSample[i].nLt;
      iLower = aSample[i-1].nEq + aSample[i-1].nLt;
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->avgEq;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
**
** If the current parse is a recompile (sqlite3Reprepare()) and pExpr
** is an SQL variable that currently has a non-NULL value bound to it,
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
   || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    int iVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iVar);
    *pp = sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(pParse->pReprepare, iVar, aff);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pParse->db, pExpr, SQLITE_UTF8, aff, pp);
}
#endif

/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
................................................................................
**                    |_____|   |_____|
**                       |         |
**                     pLower    pUpper
**
** If either of the upper or lower bound is not present, then NULL is passed in
** place of the corresponding WhereTerm.
**
** The nEq parameter is passed the index of the index column subject to the
** range constraint. Or, equivalently, the number of equality constraints
** optimized by the proposed index scan. For example, assuming index p is
** on t1(a, b), and the SQL query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a = ? AND b > ? AND b < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer divisor to reduce the estimated
** search space.  A return value of 1 means that range constraints are
** no help at all.  A return value of 2 means range constraints are
** expected to reduce the search space by half.  And so forth...

**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by a factor of 4.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 4 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 16.

*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereCost *pRangeDiv /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */

){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3






  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;


    tRowcnt iLower = 0;



















    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];




    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;














    if( pLower ){

      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK

       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( (pLower->eOperator & WO_GT)!=0 ) iLower += a[1];


      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){

      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK

       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( (pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 ) iUpper += a[1];


      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      WhereCost iBase = whereCost(p->aiRowEst[0]);
      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        iBase -= whereCost(iUpper - iLower);


      }
      *pRangeDiv = iBase;




      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, *pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *pRangeDiv = 0;
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */

  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){

    *pRangeDiv += 20;  assert( 20==whereCost(4) );
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    *pRangeDiv += 20;  assert( 20==whereCost(4) );

  }



  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */


  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */




  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{

    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);



  }












  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;


  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    WHERETRACE(0x100,("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));
    *pnRow = a[1];
  }
whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){


  int rc = SQLITE_OK;     /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt nEst;           /* Number of rows for a single term */
  tRowcnt nRowEst = 0;    /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int i;                  /* Loop counter */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;

  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(0x100,("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
................................................................................
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  if( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))

  ){
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    if( pTerm->iParent>=0 ){
      WhereTerm *pOther = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
      if( (--pOther->nChild)==0 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pOther);
      }
................................................................................
  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */
  Bitmask newNotReady;      /* Return value */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;

  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin Join Loop %d", iLevel));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
................................................................................
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }
  newNotReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
................................................................................
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->eOperator!=(WO_EQUIV|WO_EQ) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & newNotReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);

  return newNotReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print a WhereLoop object for debugging purposes
*/
static void whereLoopPrint(WhereLoop *p, SrcList *pTabList){
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Transfer content from the second pLoop into the first.
*/
static int whereLoopXfer(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pTo, WhereLoop *pFrom){
  if( whereLoopResize(db, pTo, pFrom->nLTerm) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  whereLoopClearUnion(db, pTo);




  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ);
  memcpy(pTo->aLTerm, pFrom->aLTerm, pTo->nLTerm*sizeof(pTo->aLTerm[0]));
  if( pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE ){
    pFrom->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  }else if( (pFrom->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
    pFrom->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq
     && p->rSetup<=pTemplate->rSetup
     && p->rRun<=pTemplate->rRun

    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependences (2) setup-cost, and (3) run-cost. */

      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

      if( p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
       && (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex
       && p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq

      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;
      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && ALWAYS(p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup) /* See SETUP-INVARIANT above */
    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependences, (2) setup-cost, or (3) run-cost
      ** and is no worse in any of those categories. */


      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pWInfo->pTabList);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}































/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.
**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
  Index *pProbe,                  /* An index on pSrc */
  WhereCost nInMul                /* log(Number of iterations due to IN) */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;  /* WHERE analyse context */
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;        /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  WhereCost saved_nOut;           /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  WhereCost nRowEst;              /* Estimated index selectivity */
  WhereCost rLogSize;             /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;


    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }




    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
    if( whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1) ) break; /* OOM */
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = pTerm;
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = whereCost(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
................................................................................
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
................................................................................
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      WhereCost rDiv;
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pNew->u.btree.nEq,
                        pBtm, pTop, &rDiv);
      pNew->nOut = saved_nOut>rDiv+10 ? saved_nOut - rDiv : 10;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

    if( pNew->u.btree.nEq==1 && pProbe->nSample

     &&  OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) ){


      tRowcnt nOut = 0;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );


      if( nOut ) pNew->nOut = whereCost(nOut);

    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    /* TBD: Adjust nOut for additional constraints */
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }




  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
  return rc;
................................................................................
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  WhereCost rSize;            /* number of rows in the table */
  WhereCost rLogSize;         /* Logarithm of the number of rows in the table */
  WhereClause *pWC;           /* The parsed WHERE clause */

  
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;

  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else{
................................................................................
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pSrc->pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pSrc->pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = whereCost(pSrc->pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);


  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
   && !pSrc->viaCoroutine
   && !pSrc->notIndexed
   && !pSrc->isCorrelated
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==whereCost(7) );
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==whereCost(20) );
        pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }


  /* Loop over all indices
  */
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pProbe; pProbe=pProbe->pNext, iSortIdx++){
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pNew->iTab, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  A smaller constant 2 is used for covering
      **     index scans so that a covering index scan will be favored over
      **     a table scan. */
      pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;

      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b
       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0

         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is 2*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra 2 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
          **     over index scans.  A table scan uses a factor of 3 so that
          **     index scans are favored over table scans.
          **  +  If this covering index might also help satisfy the ORDER BY
          **     clause, then the cost is fudged down slightly so that this
          **     index is favored above other indices that have no hope of
          **     helping with the ORDER BY. */
          pNew->rRun = 10 + whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) - b;

        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }

        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);

        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);






    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = whereCostFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));



  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    
      pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
      iCur = pItem->iCursor;
      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
................................................................................
          once = 0;
        }else{
          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
** will be nRowEst (in the 10*log2 representation).  Or, ignore sorting
** costs if nRowEst==0.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM of a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
static int wherePathSolver(WhereInfo *pWInfo, WhereCost nRowEst){
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */

  WhereCost rCost;             /* Cost of a path */

  WhereCost mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */

  WhereCost rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;
  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. */


    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
................................................................................
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = whereCostAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);

        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;
            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){

          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid ){



            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            for(jj=nTo-1; aTo[jj].rCost<mxCost; jj--){ assert(jj>0); }
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){

          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;

          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){

            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost ) mxCost = pTo->rCost;



          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no query solution");
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  /* Find the lowest cost path.  pFrom will be left pointing to that path */
  pFrom = aFrom;
  assert( nFrom==1 );
#if 0 /* The following is needed if nFrom is ever more than 1 */
  for(ii=1; ii<nFrom; ii++){
    if( pFrom->rCost>aFrom[ii].rCost ) pFrom = &aFrom[ii];
  }
#endif
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==nLoop );
  /* Load the lowest cost path into pWInfo */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = pWInfo->a + iLoop;
    pLevel->pWLoop = pWLoop = pFrom->aLoop[iLoop];
    pLevel->iFrom = pWLoop->iTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].iCursor;
................................................................................
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==whereCost(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){


      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 ) continue;



      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        whereLoopResize(pWInfo->pParse->db, pLoop, j);
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nColumn ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==whereCost(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (WhereCost)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
................................................................................
#endif
  /* Attempt to omit tables from the join that do not effect the result */
  if( pWInfo->nLevel>=2
   && pResultSet!=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin)
  ){
    Bitmask tabUsed = exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);
    if( pOrderBy ) tabUsed |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pOrderBy);
    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
................................................................................
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
................................................................................
    }
    yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
    yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 231: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy122, yymsp[-1].minor.yy122, 0);
  if( yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-2].minor.yy442;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, yygotominor.yy342.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy442);

  }
  yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 232: /* case_exprlist ::= case_exprlist WHEN expr THEN expr */
{
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT: zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT";break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH:  zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH"; break;

      case SQLITE_CORRUPT:            zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT";           break;
      case SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB:       zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB";      break;
      case SQLITE_NOTFOUND:           zName = "SQLITE_NOTFOUND";          break;
      case SQLITE_FULL:               zName = "SQLITE_FULL";              break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN:           zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN";          break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR: zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR";break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR:     zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR";    break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH:  zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH"; break;

      case SQLITE_PROTOCOL:           zName = "SQLITE_PROTOCOL";          break;
      case SQLITE_EMPTY:              zName = "SQLITE_EMPTY";             break;
      case SQLITE_SCHEMA:             zName = "SQLITE_SCHEMA";            break;
      case SQLITE_TOOBIG:             zName = "SQLITE_TOOBIG";            break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT:         zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT";        break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE:  zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE"; break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER: zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER";break;
................................................................................
  
  /* Check if an existing function is being overridden or deleted. If so,
  ** and there are active VMs, then return SQLITE_BUSY. If a function
  ** is being overridden/deleted but there are no active VMs, allow the
  ** operation to continue but invalidate all precompiled statements.
  */
  p = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zFunctionName, nName, nArg, (u8)enc, 0);
  if( p && p->iPrefEnc==enc && p->nArg==nArg ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify user-function due to active statements");
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
................................................................................
  ** being replaced invoke the destructor function here. */
  functionDestroy(db, p);

  if( pDestructor ){
    pDestructor->nRef++;
  }
  p->pDestructor = pDestructor;
  p->flags = 0;
  p->xFunc = xFunc;
  p->xStep = xStep;
  p->xFinalize = xFinal;
  p->pUserData = pUserData;
  p->nArg = (u16)nArg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
#endif






};

/*
** When the core wants to read from the virtual table, it creates a
** virtual table cursor (an instance of the following structure) using
** the xOpen method. Cursors are destroyed using the xClose method.
*/
................................................................................
  char *pNextId;                  /* Pointer into the body of aDoclist */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* List of docids for full-text queries */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of buffer at aDoclist */
  u8 bDesc;                       /* True to sort in descending order */
  int eEvalmode;                  /* An FTS3_EVAL_XX constant */
  int nRowAvg;                    /* Average size of database rows, in pages */
  sqlite3_int64 nDoc;             /* Documents in table */


  int isMatchinfoNeeded;          /* True when aMatchinfo[] needs filling in */
  u32 *aMatchinfo;                /* Information about most recent match */
  int nMatchinfo;                 /* Number of elements in aMatchinfo[] */
  char *zMatchinfo;               /* Matchinfo specification */
};

#define FTS3_EVAL_FILTER    0
................................................................................
** indicating that all columns should be searched,
** then eSearch would be set to FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+4.
*/
#define FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH 0    /* Linear scan of %_content table */
#define FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH    1    /* Lookup by rowid on %_content table */
#define FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH 2    /* Full-text index search */











struct Fts3Doclist {
  char *aAll;                    /* Array containing doclist (or NULL) */
  int nAll;                      /* Size of a[] in bytes */
  char *pNextDocid;              /* Pointer to next docid */

  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;          /* Current docid (if pList!=0) */
................................................................................
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts3BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVTab;
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iCons = -1;                 /* Index of constraint to use */

  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */




  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 5000000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){

    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;



    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */
    if( iCons<0 
     && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && (pCons->iColumn<0 || pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn+1 )
    ){
      pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      iCons = i;
    }

    /* A MATCH constraint. Use a full-text search.
    **
................................................................................

    /* Equality constraint on the langid column */
    if( pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn + 2
    ){
      iLangidCons = i;
    }
  }
















  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = 1;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){

    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iLangidCons].argvIndex = 2;








  } 

  /* Regardless of the strategy selected, FTS can deliver rows in rowid (or
  ** docid) order. Both ascending and descending are possible. 
  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 ){
    struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pOrder = &pInfo->aOrderBy[0];
................................................................................
    }
  }else{
    rc = fts3EvalNext((Fts3Cursor *)pCursor);
  }
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}




























/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH then do a full table scan against
................................................................................
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */

  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;







  UNUSED_PARAMETER(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nVal);


  assert( idxNum>=0 && idxNum<=(FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+p->nColumn) );
  assert( nVal==0 || nVal==1 || nVal==2 );
  assert( (nVal==0)==(idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH) );
  assert( p->pSegments==0 );









  /* In case the cursor has been used before, clear it now. */
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pCsr->pExpr);
  memset(&pCursor[1], 0, sizeof(Fts3Cursor)-sizeof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor));





  if( idxStr ){
    pCsr->bDesc = (idxStr[0]=='D');
  }else{
    pCsr->bDesc = p->bDescIdx;
  }
  pCsr->eSearch = (i16)idxNum;

  if( idxNum!=FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH && idxNum!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    int iCol = idxNum-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    pCsr->iLangid = 0;
    if( nVal==2 ) pCsr->iLangid = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[1]);

    assert( p->base.zErrMsg==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, pCsr->iLangid,
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")
    );
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, apVal[0]);
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}







/*
** This function is called for each Fts3Phrase in a full-text query 
** expression to initialize the mechanism for returning rows. Once this
** function has been called successfully on an Fts3Phrase, it may be
** used with fts3EvalPhraseNext() to iterate through the matching docids.
**
** If parameter bOptOk is true, then the phrase may (or may not) use the
** incremental loading strategy. Otherwise, the entire doclist is loaded into
** memory within this call.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalPhraseStart(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, int bOptOk, Fts3Phrase *p){
  int rc;                         /* Error code */
  Fts3PhraseToken *pFirst = &p->aToken[0];
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;










  if( pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 
   && bOptOk==1 
   && p->nToken==1 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr->bLookup 
   && pFirst->bFirst==0




  ){









    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);




    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(
        pTab, pFirst->pSegcsr, iCol, pFirst->z, pFirst->n);
    p->bIncr = 1;



  }else{
    /* Load the full doclist for the phrase into memory. */
    rc = fts3EvalPhraseLoad(pCsr, p);
    p->bIncr = 0;
  }

  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nToken<1 || p->aToken[0].pSegcsr==0 || p->bIncr );
................................................................................
      p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iVar);
      *piDocid += ((bDescIdx ? -1 : 1) * iVar);
    }
  }

  *ppIter = p;
}



















































































































































































































/*
** Attempt to move the phrase iterator to point to the next matching docid. 
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
................................................................................
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( p->bIncr ){
    assert( p->nToken==1 );
    assert( pDL->pNextDocid==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(pTab, p->aToken[0].pSegcsr, 
        &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->pList, &pDL->nList
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pDL->pList ){
      *pbEof = 1;
    }
  }else if( pCsr->bDesc!=pTab->bDescIdx && pDL->nAll ){
    sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(pTab->bDescIdx, pDL->aAll, pDL->nAll, 
        &pDL->pNextDocid, &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->nList, pbEof
    );
    pDL->pList = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    char *pIter;                            /* Used to iterate through aAll */
    char *pEnd = &pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll];     /* 1 byte past end of aAll */
    if( pDL->pNextDocid ){
      pIter = pDL->pNextDocid;
    }else{
      pIter = pDL->aAll;
    }

    if( pIter>=pEnd ){
      /* We have already reached the end of this doclist. EOF. */
      *pbEof = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_int64 iDelta;
      pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(pIter, &iDelta);
      if( pTab->bDescIdx==0 || pDL->pNextDocid==0 ){
        pDL->iDocid += iDelta;
      }else{
        pDL->iDocid -= iDelta;
      }
      pDL->pList = pIter;
      fts3PoslistCopy(0, &pIter);
      pDL->nList = (int)(pIter - pDL->pList);

      /* pIter now points just past the 0x00 that terminates the position-
      ** list for document pDL->iDocid. However, if this position-list was
      ** edited in place by fts3EvalNearTrim(), then pIter may not actually
      ** point to the start of the next docid value. The following line deals
      ** with this case by advancing pIter past the zero-padding added by
      ** fts3EvalNearTrim().  */
      while( pIter<pEnd && *pIter==0 ) pIter++;

      pDL->pNextDocid = pIter;
      assert( pIter>=&pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll] || *pIter );
      *pbEof = 0;
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
**
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs within this function, *pRc is set to an SQLite error
** code before returning.
*/
static void fts3EvalStartReaders(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to initialize phrases in */
  int bOptOk,                     /* True to enable incremental loading */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( pExpr && SQLITE_OK==*pRc ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      int i;
      int nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
        if( pExpr->pPhrase->aToken[i].pDeferred==0 ) break;
      }
      pExpr->bDeferred = (i==nToken);
      *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, bOptOk, pExpr->pPhrase);
    }else{
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pLeft, bOptOk, pRc);
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pRight, bOptOk, pRc);
      pExpr->bDeferred = (pExpr->pLeft->bDeferred && pExpr->pRight->bDeferred);
    }
  }
}

/*
** An array of the following structures is assembled as part of the process
................................................................................
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
        rc = fts3TermSelect(pTab, pToken, pTC->iCol, &nList, &pList);
................................................................................
      }

      sqlite3_free(aTC);
    }
  }
#endif

  fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pCsr->pExpr, 1, &rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Invalidate the current position list for phrase pPhrase.
*/
static void fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
................................................................................
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      pCsr->isEof = pExpr->bEof;
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 1;
      pCsr->isMatchinfoNeeded = 1;
      pCsr->iPrevId = pExpr->iDocid;
    }while( pCsr->isEof==0 && fts3EvalTestDeferredAndNear(pCsr, &rc) );
  }










  return rc;
}

/*
** Restart interation for expression pExpr so that the next call to
** fts3EvalNext() visits the first row. Do not allow incremental 
** loading or merging of phrase doclists for this iteration.
................................................................................
){
  if( pExpr && *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;

    if( pPhrase ){
      fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(pPhrase);
      if( pPhrase->bIncr ){

        assert( pPhrase->nToken==1 );
        assert( pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr );


        sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr);
        *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 0, pPhrase);
      }



      pPhrase->doclist.pNextDocid = 0;
      pPhrase->doclist.iDocid = 0;
    }

    pExpr->iDocid = 0;
    pExpr->bEof = 0;
    pExpr->bStart = 0;
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
  pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
  if( iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId || pExpr->bEof ){
    int bDescDoclist = pTab->bDescIdx;      /* For DOCID_CMP macro */

    int bOr = 0;
    u8 bEof = 0;
    Fts3Expr *p;




    /* Check if this phrase descends from an OR expression node. If not, 
    ** return NULL. Otherwise, the entry that corresponds to docid 
    ** pCsr->iPrevId may lie earlier in the doclist buffer. */



    for(p=pExpr->pParent; p; p=p->pParent){
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ) bOr = 1;


    }
    if( bOr==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

    /* This is the descendent of an OR node. In this case we cannot use
    ** an incremental phrase. Load the entire doclist for the phrase
    ** into memory in this case.  */
    if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
................................................................................
        fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
        if( bEofSave==0 && pExpr->iDocid==iDocid ) break;
      }
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPhrase->bIncr==0 );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }



    if( pExpr->bEof ){
      pIter = 0;





      iDocid = 0;

    }

    bEof = (pPhrase->doclist.nAll==0);
    assert( bDescDoclist==0 || bDescDoclist==1 );
    assert( pCsr->bDesc==0 || pCsr->bDesc==1 );


    if( pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist ){
      int dummy;
















      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)>0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &dummy, &bEof
        );
      }
    }else{




      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)<0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistNext(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &bEof
        );

      }
    }

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

................................................................................
  p->bAutoincrmerge = fts3Getint(&zParam)!=0;
  if( !p->bHasStat ){
    assert( p->bFts4==0 );
    sqlite3Fts3CreateStatTable(&rc, p);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_REPLACE_STAT, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;;
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, FTS_STAT_AUTOINCRMERGE);
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 2, p->bAutoincrmerge);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = fts3DoAutoincrmerge(p, &zVal[10]);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);



    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return rc;


|







 







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>
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>
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>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
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>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
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>
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
..
21
22
23
24
25
26
27









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































28
29
30
31
32
33
34
...
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
...
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
....
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
....
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
....
7323
7324
7325
7326
7327
7328
7329
7330
7331
7332
7333
7334
7335
7336
7337
7338
7339
7340
7341
7342
7343
7344
7345
7346
7347
7348
7349
7350
7351
7352
7353
7354
7355
7356
7357
7358
7359
7360
7361
7362
7363
7364
7365
7366
7367
7368
7369
7370
7371
7372
7373
7374
7375
7376
7377
7378
7379
7380
7381
7382
7383
7384
7385
7386
7387
7388
7389
7390
7391
7392
7393
7394
7395
7396
7397
7398
7399
7400
7401
7402
7403
7404
7405
7406
7407
7408
7409
7410
7411
7412
7413
7414
7415
7416
7417
7418
7419
7420
7421
7422
7423
7424
7425
7426
7427
7428
7429
7430
7431
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
7440
7441
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
7484
7485
7486
7487
7488
7489
7490
7491
7492
7493
7494
7495
7496
7497
7498
7499
7500
7501
7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
7508
7509
7510
7511
7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
7526
7527
7528
7529
7530
7531
7532
7533
7534
7535
7536
7537
7538
7539
7540
7541
7542
7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
7551
7552
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
7565
7566
7567
7568
7569
7570
7571
7572
7573
7574
7575
7576
7577
7578
7579
7580
7581
7582
7583
7584
7585
7586
7587
7588
7589
7590
7591
7592
7593
7594
7595
7596
7597
7598
7599
7600
7601
7602
7603
7604
7605
7606
7607
7608
7609
7610
7611
7612
7613
7614
7615
7616
7617
7618
7619
7620
7621
7622
7623
7624
7625
7626
7627
7628
7629
7630
7631
7632
7633
7634
7635
7636
7637
7638
7639
7640
7641
7642
7643
7644
7645
7646
7647
7648
7649
7650
7651
7652
7653
7654
7655
7656
7657
7658
7659
7660
7661
7662
7663
7664
7665
7666
7667
7668
7669
7670
7671
7672
7673
7674
7675
7676
7677
7678
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
7694
7695
7696
7697
7698
7699
7700
7701
7702
7703
7704
7705
7706
7707
7708
7709
7710
7711
7712
7713
7714
7715
7716
7717
7718
7719
7720
7721
7722
7723
7724
7725
7726
7727
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734
7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
7741
7742
7743
7744
7745
7746
7747
7748
7749
7750
7751
7752
7753
7754
7755
7756
7757
7758
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
7765
7766
7767
7768
7769
7770
7771
7772
7773
7774
7775
7776
7777
7778
7779
7780
7781
7782
7783
7784
7785
7786
7787
7788
7789
7790
7791
7792
7793
7794
7795
7796
7797
7798
7799
7800
7801
7802
7803
7804
7805
7806
7807
7808
7809
7810
7811
7812
7813
7814
7815
7816
7817
7818
7819
7820
7821
7822
7823
7824
7825
7826
7827
7828
7829
7830
7831
7832
7833
7834
7835
7836
7837
7838
7839
7840
7841
7842
7843
7844
7845
7846
7847
7848
7849
7850
7851
7852
7853
7854
7855
7856
....
8268
8269
8270
8271
8272
8273
8274
8275
8276
8277
8278
8279
8280
8281
8282
8283
8284
8285
8286
8287
8288
8289
8290
8291
8292
8293
8294
8295
8296
8297
8298
8299
8300
8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
8306
....
8391
8392
8393
8394
8395
8396
8397
8398
8399
8400
8401
8402
8403
8404
8405
8406
8407
8408
8409
8410
8411
8412
8413
8414
8415
8416
8417
8418
.....
10164
10165
10166
10167
10168
10169
10170


10171
10172
10173
10174
10175
10176
10177
.....
10273
10274
10275
10276
10277
10278
10279
10280
10281
10282
10283
10284
10285
10286
10287
.....
10307
10308
10309
10310
10311
10312
10313

10314
10315
10316
10317
10318
10319
10320
10321
.....
10343
10344
10345
10346
10347
10348
10349
10350
10351
10352
10353
10354


10355
10356
10357
10358
10359
10360
10361
10362
10363
10364
10365
10366
.....
10380
10381
10382
10383
10384
10385
10386
10387
10388
10389
10390
10391
10392
10393
10394
10395
10396
10397
10398
10399
10400
10401
10402
10403
10404
10405
.....
10440
10441
10442
10443
10444
10445
10446
10447
10448
10449
10450
10451
10452
10453
10454
10455
.....
10605
10606
10607
10608
10609
10610
10611
10612
10613
10614
10615
10616
10617
10618
10619
.....
10717
10718
10719
10720
10721
10722
10723
10724
10725
10726
10727
10728
10729
10730
10731
.....
10804
10805
10806
10807
10808
10809
10810
10811
10812
10813
10814
10815
10816
10817
10818
10819
10820
10821
10822
10823
10824
10825
10826
10827
10828
10829
10830
10831
10832





10833
10834
10835
10836
10837
10838
10839
10840
10841
10842
.....
10969
10970
10971
10972
10973
10974
10975
10976
10977
10978
10979
10980
10981
10982
10983
10984
10985
10986
10987
10988
10989
10990
10991
10992
10993
10994
10995
10996
10997
10998
10999
11000
11001
11002
11003
11004
11005
11006
11007
11008
11009

11010
11011
11012
11013
11014
11015
11016
11017
11018
11019
11020
11021
11022
11023
11024
11025
11026
11027
11028
11029
11030
11031
11032
11033
11034
11035
11036
11037
11038
11039
11040
11041
11042
11043
11044
11045
11046
11047
11048
11049
11050
11051
11052
11053
11054
11055
11056
11057





11058
11059
11060
11061
11062
11063
11064
.....
11660
11661
11662
11663
11664
11665
11666
11667
11668
11669
11670
11671
11672
11673
11674
.....
12199
12200
12201
12202
12203
12204
12205
12206
12207
12208
12209
12210
12211
12212
12213
12214
12215
12216
12217
12218
12219
12220
12221
12222
12223
12224
12225
12226
12227
12228
12229
12230
.....
12302
12303
12304
12305
12306
12307
12308



12309
12310
12311
12312
12313
12314
12315
.....
12333
12334
12335
12336
12337
12338
12339
12340
12341
12342
12343
12344
12345
12346
12347
.....
12367
12368
12369
12370
12371
12372
12373
12374
12375
12376
12377
12378
12379
12380
12381
12382
12383
12384
12385
12386
.....
12437
12438
12439
12440
12441
12442
12443
12444
12445
12446
12447
12448
12449
12450
12451
.....
12458
12459
12460
12461
12462
12463
12464
12465
12466
12467
12468
12469
12470
12471
12472
12473
12474
12475
12476
12477
12478
12479
12480
12481
12482
12483
.....
12958
12959
12960
12961
12962
12963
12964
12965
12966
12967
12968
12969
12970
12971
12972
12973
12974
.....
13616
13617
13618
13619
13620
13621
13622
13623
13624
13625
13626
13627
13628
13629
13630
.....
14296
14297
14298
14299
14300
14301
14302
14303
14304
14305
14306
14307
14308
14309
14310
14311
.....
14428
14429
14430
14431
14432
14433
14434
14435
14436
14437
14438
14439
14440
14441
14442
14443
14444
14445
.....
14488
14489
14490
14491
14492
14493
14494
14495
14496
14497
14498
14499
14500
14501
14502
14503
14504
14505
14506
.....
15089
15090
15091
15092
15093
15094
15095
15096
15097
15098
15099
15100
15101
15102
15103
15104
.....
16129
16130
16131
16132
16133
16134
16135
16136
16137
16138
16139
16140
16141
16142
16143
.....
16171
16172
16173
16174
16175
16176
16177
16178
16179
16180
16181
16182
16183
16184
16185
16186
16187
16188
16189
16190
16191
16192
16193
.....
16274
16275
16276
16277
16278
16279
16280
16281
16282
16283
16284
16285
16286
16287
16288
16289
16290
.....
16298
16299
16300
16301
16302
16303
16304
16305
16306
16307
16308
16309
16310
16311
16312
16313
16314
.....
16415
16416
16417
16418
16419
16420
16421
16422
16423
16424
16425
16426
16427
16428
16429
.....
18537
18538
18539
18540
18541
18542
18543
18544
18545
18546
18547
18548
18549
18550
18551
.....
18575
18576
18577
18578
18579
18580
18581
18582
18583
18584
18585
18586
18587
18588
18589
.....
19296
19297
19298
19299
19300
19301
19302
19303
19304
19305
19306
19307
19308
19309
19310
.....
21137
21138
21139
21140
21141
21142
21143


























21144
21145
21146
21147
21148
21149
21150
.....
21412
21413
21414
21415
21416
21417
21418
21419
21420
21421
21422
21423
21424
21425
21426
21427
.....
22427
22428
22429
22430
22431
22432
22433
22434
22435
22436
22437
22438
22439
22440
22441
22442
22443
22444
22445
22446
22447
22448
22449
22450
22451
22452
22453
22454
22455
22456
22457
22458
22459
22460
22461
22462
22463
22464
22465
22466
22467
22468
22469
22470
22471
22472
22473
22474
22475
22476
22477
22478
22479
22480
22481
22482
22483
22484
22485
22486
22487
22488
22489
22490
22491
22492
22493
22494
22495
22496
22497
22498
22499
22500
22501
22502
22503
22504
22505
22506
22507
22508
22509
22510
22511
22512
22513
22514
22515
22516
22517
.....
23171
23172
23173
23174
23175
23176
23177
23178
23179
23180
23181
23182
23183
23184
23185
23186
23187
23188
23189
23190
23191
.....
23612
23613
23614
23615
23616
23617
23618
23619
23620
23621
23622
23623
23624
23625
23626
23627
23628
23629
23630
23631
23632
23633
23634
23635
23636
23637
23638
23639
.....
23712
23713
23714
23715
23716
23717
23718
23719
23720
23721
23722
23723
23724
23725
23726
23727
23728
23729
23730
23731
23732
23733
23734
.....
23741
23742
23743
23744
23745
23746
23747
23748
23749
23750
23751
23752
23753
23754
23755
23756
23757
23758
23759
23760
23761
23762
23763
23764
23765
23766
23767
23768
23769
23770
23771
.....
25055
25056
25057
25058
25059
25060
25061
25062
25063
25064
25065
25066
25067
25068
25069
25070
25071
25072
25073
25074
25075
25076
25077
25078
25079
25080
25081
25082
25083
25084
25085
25086
25087
25088
.....
26279
26280
26281
26282
26283
26284
26285
26286
26287
26288
26289
26290
26291
26292
26293
.....
26394
26395
26396
26397
26398
26399
26400
26401
26402
26403
26404
26405
26406
26407
26408
.....
26780
26781
26782
26783
26784
26785
26786
26787
26788
26789
26790
26791
26792
26793
26794
26795
26796
26797
26798
26799
26800
26801
26802
.....
26878
26879
26880
26881
26882
26883
26884
26885
26886
26887
26888
26889
26890
26891
26892
26893
26894
26895
26896
26897
26898
26899
26900
26901
26902
26903
26904
26905
.....
26960
26961
26962
26963
26964
26965
26966
26967
26968
26969
26970
26971
26972
26973
26974
.....
26977
26978
26979
26980
26981
26982
26983
26984
26985
26986
26987
26988
26989
26990
26991
.....
27788
27789
27790
27791
27792
27793
27794
27795
27796
27797
27798
27799
27800

27801
27802
27803
27804
27805
27806

27807
27808

27809
27810
27811
27812
27813
27814
27815
27816
27817
27818
27819
27820

27821

27822
27823
27824
27825
27826
27827
27828
.....
27899
27900
27901
27902
27903
27904
27905

27906
27907
27908
27909
27910
27911
27912
.....
27917
27918
27919
27920
27921
27922
27923

27924
27925
27926
27927
27928
27929
27930
.....
27942
27943
27944
27945
27946
27947
27948

27949
27950
27951
27952
27953
27954
27955
27956
27957
27958
27959
.....
27994
27995
27996
27997
27998
27999
28000
28001
28002
28003
28004
28005
28006
28007
28008
.....
28010
28011
28012
28013
28014
28015
28016
28017
28018
28019
28020
28021
28022
28023
28024
.....
28342
28343
28344
28345
28346
28347
28348
28349
28350
28351
28352
28353
28354
28355
28356
28357
28358
.....
28500
28501
28502
28503
28504
28505
28506
28507
28508
28509
28510
28511
28512
28513
28514
28515
28516
28517
28518
28519
28520
28521
28522
28523
28524
28525
28526
28527
.....
30626
30627
30628
30629
30630
30631
30632
30633
30634
30635
30636
30637
30638
30639
30640
.....
30847
30848
30849
30850
30851
30852
30853
30854
30855
30856
30857
30858
30859
30860
30861
30862
30863
30864
30865
30866
30867
30868
30869
30870
30871
30872
30873
30874
30875
30876
30877
30878
30879
30880
30881
30882
30883
30884
30885
30886
30887
30888
30889
30890
30891
30892
30893
30894
30895
30896
30897
30898
30899
30900
30901
30902
30903
30904
30905
30906
30907
30908
30909
30910
30911
30912
30913
30914
30915
30916
30917
30918
30919
30920
30921
30922
30923
30924
30925
30926
30927
30928
30929
30930
30931
30932
30933
30934
30935
30936
30937
30938
30939
30940
30941
30942
30943
30944
30945
30946
30947
30948
30949
30950
30951
30952
30953
30954
30955
30956
30957
.....
30995
30996
30997
30998
30999
31000
31001
31002
31003
31004
31005
31006
31007
31008
31009
.....
31183
31184
31185
31186
31187
31188
31189
31190
31191
31192
31193
31194
31195
31196
31197
31198
.....
31498
31499
31500
31501
31502
31503
31504
31505
31506
31507
31508
31509
31510
31511
31512
31513
31514
31515
31516
31517
31518
31519
31520
31521
31522
31523
31524
31525
31526
31527
31528
31529
31530
31531
31532
31533
31534
31535
31536
31537
31538
31539
31540
31541
31542
31543
31544
31545
31546
31547
31548
31549
31550
31551
31552
31553
31554
31555
31556
31557
31558
31559
31560
31561
31562
31563
31564
31565
31566
31567
31568
31569
31570
31571
31572
31573
31574
31575
31576
31577
31578
31579
31580
31581
31582
31583
31584
31585
31586
31587
31588
31589
31590
31591
31592
31593
31594
31595
31596
31597
31598
31599
31600
31601
31602
31603
31604
31605
31606
31607
31608
31609
31610
31611
31612
31613
31614
31615
31616
31617
31618
31619
31620
31621
31622
31623
31624
31625
31626
31627
31628
31629
31630
31631
31632
31633
31634
31635
31636
31637
31638
31639
31640
31641
31642
31643
31644
31645
31646
31647
31648
31649
31650
31651
31652
31653
31654
31655
31656
31657
31658
31659
31660
31661
31662
31663
31664
31665
31666
31667
31668
31669
31670
31671
31672
31673
31674
31675
31676
31677
31678
31679
31680
31681
31682
31683
31684
31685
31686
31687
31688
31689
31690
31691
31692
31693
31694
31695
31696
31697
31698
31699
31700
31701
31702
31703
31704
31705
31706
31707
31708
31709
31710
31711
31712
31713
31714
31715
31716
31717
31718
31719
31720
31721
31722
31723
31724
31725
31726
31727
31728
31729
31730
31731
31732
31733
31734
31735
31736
31737
31738
31739
31740
31741
31742
31743
31744
31745
31746
31747
31748
31749
31750
31751
31752
31753
31754
31755
31756
31757
31758
31759
31760
31761
31762
31763
31764
31765
31766
31767
31768
31769
31770
31771
31772
31773
31774
31775
31776
31777
31778
31779
31780
31781
31782
31783
31784
31785
31786
31787
31788
31789
31790
31791
31792
31793
31794
31795
31796
31797
31798
31799
31800
31801
31802
31803
31804
31805
31806
31807
31808
31809
31810
31811
31812
31813
31814
31815
31816
31817
31818
.....
31960
31961
31962
31963
31964
31965
31966
31967
31968
31969
31970
31971
31972
31973
31974
31975
31976
31977
31978
31979
31980
31981
31982
31983
31984
31985
31986
31987
31988
31989
31990
31991
31992
31993
.....
32004
32005
32006
32007
32008
32009
32010
32011
32012
32013
32014
32015
32016
32017
32018
.....
32025
32026
32027
32028
32029
32030
32031
32032
32033
32034
32035
32036
32037
32038
32039
.....
32051
32052
32053
32054
32055
32056
32057
32058
32059
32060
32061
32062
32063
32064
32065
.....
32075
32076
32077
32078
32079
32080
32081
32082
32083
32084
32085
32086
32087
32088
32089
.....
32105
32106
32107
32108
32109
32110
32111
32112
32113
32114
32115
32116
32117
32118
32119
32120
32121
32122
32123
32124
32125
32126
32127
32128
32129
32130
32131
.....
32145
32146
32147
32148
32149
32150
32151
32152
32153
32154
32155
32156
32157
32158
32159
.....
32186
32187
32188
32189
32190
32191
32192
32193
32194
32195
32196
32197
32198
32199
32200
.....
32211
32212
32213
32214
32215
32216
32217
32218
32219
32220
32221
32222
32223
32224
32225
.....
32239
32240
32241
32242
32243
32244
32245
32246
32247
32248
32249
32250
32251
32252
32253
.....
32269
32270
32271
32272
32273
32274
32275
32276
32277
32278
32279
32280
32281
32282
32283
.....
32299
32300
32301
32302
32303
32304
32305
32306
32307
32308
32309
32310
32311
32312
32313
32314
32315
32316
32317
32318
32319
32320
32321
32322
32323
32324
32325
32326
32327
32328
32329
32330
32331
32332
32333
32334
.....
32350
32351
32352
32353
32354
32355
32356
32357
32358
32359
32360
32361
32362
32363
32364
32365
32366
32367
32368
32369
32370
32371
32372
32373
32374
32375
32376
32377
32378
32379
32380
32381
32382
32383
32384
32385
32386
32387
32388
32389
32390
32391
32392
32393
32394
32395
32396
32397
32398
.....
32401
32402
32403
32404
32405
32406
32407
32408
32409
32410
32411
32412
32413
32414
32415
.....
32469
32470
32471
32472
32473
32474
32475
32476
32477
32478
32479
32480
32481
32482
32483
.....
32494
32495
32496
32497
32498
32499
32500
32501
32502
32503
32504
32505
32506
32507
32508
32509
32510
32511
32512
32513
32514
32515
32516
32517
32518
32519
32520
32521
32522
32523
32524
32525
32526
32527
32528
32529
32530
32531
32532
32533
32534
32535
32536
32537
32538
32539
32540
32541
32542
32543
32544
.....
32595
32596
32597
32598
32599
32600
32601
32602
32603
32604
32605
32606
32607
32608
32609
.....
32615
32616
32617
32618
32619
32620
32621
32622
32623
32624


32625
32626
32627
32628
32629
32630
32631
.....
32867
32868
32869
32870
32871
32872
32873
32874
32875
32876
32877
32878
32879
32880
32881
.....
32898
32899
32900
32901
32902
32903
32904
32905
32906
32907
32908
32909
32910
32911
32912
.....
32928
32929
32930
32931
32932
32933
32934
32935
32936
32937
32938
32939
32940
32941
32942
.....
32953
32954
32955
32956
32957
32958
32959
32960
32961
32962
32963
32964
32965
32966
32967
.....
32974
32975
32976
32977
32978
32979
32980
32981
32982
32983
32984
32985
32986
32987
32988
32989
32990
32991
32992
32993
32994
32995
32996
32997
32998
32999
33000
.....
33090
33091
33092
33093
33094
33095
33096
33097
33098
33099
33100
33101
33102
33103
33104
33105
33106
33107
33108
33109
33110
33111
33112
33113
33114
33115
33116
33117
33118
33119
33120
33121
33122
33123
.....
33162
33163
33164
33165
33166
33167
33168
33169
33170
33171
33172
33173
33174
33175
33176
.....
33187
33188
33189
33190
33191
33192
33193
33194
33195
33196
33197
33198
33199
33200
33201
.....
33213
33214
33215
33216
33217
33218
33219
33220
33221
33222
33223
33224
33225
33226
33227
33228
33229
33230
33231
33232
33233
33234
.....
33249
33250
33251
33252
33253
33254
33255
33256
33257
33258
33259
33260
33261
33262
33263
.....
33330
33331
33332
33333
33334
33335
33336
33337
33338
33339
33340
33341
33342
33343
33344
33345
33346
33347
33348
33349
33350
33351
33352
33353
33354
33355
33356
.....
33383
33384
33385
33386
33387
33388
33389
33390
33391
33392
33393
33394
33395
33396
33397
.....
33428
33429
33430
33431
33432
33433
33434
33435
33436
33437
33438
33439
33440
33441
33442
33443
33444
33445
.....
33463
33464
33465
33466
33467
33468
33469
33470
33471
33472
33473
33474
33475
33476
33477
33478
33479
33480
33481
33482
33483
33484
33485
33486
33487
33488
33489
33490
33491
33492
.....
33569
33570
33571
33572
33573
33574
33575
33576
33577
33578
33579
33580
33581
33582
33583
.....
33600
33601
33602
33603
33604
33605
33606
33607
33608
33609
33610
33611
33612
33613
33614
33615
33616
33617
33618
33619
33620
33621
.....
33624
33625
33626
33627
33628
33629
33630


33631
33632
33633
33634
33635
33636
33637
33638
33639
33640
33641
.....
33687
33688
33689
33690
33691
33692
33693
33694
33695
33696
33697
33698
33699
33700
33701
33702
33703
33704
33705
33706
33707
33708
33709
33710
33711
33712
.....
33725
33726
33727
33728
33729
33730
33731
33732
33733
33734
33735

33736
33737
33738
33739
33740
33741
33742
.....
33788
33789
33790
33791
33792
33793
33794
33795
33796
33797
33798
33799
33800
33801
33802
33803
33804
33805
33806
33807

33808
33809
33810
33811
33812
33813
33814
33815
33816
33817
33818
33819
33820
33821
.....
33824
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33837
33838
.....
34030
34031
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34036

34037
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34046
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34048
34049
34050
34051
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34054
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34056
34057
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34059
34060
.....
34141
34142
34143
34144
34145
34146
34147
34148
34149
34150
34151
34152
34153
34154
34155
.....
34401
34402
34403
34404
34405
34406
34407
34408
34409
34410
34411
34412
34413
34414
34415
.....
34416
34417
34418
34419
34420
34421
34422
34423
34424
34425
34426
34427
34428
34429
34430
.....
34470
34471
34472
34473
34474
34475
34476
34477
34478
34479
34480
34481
34482
34483
34484
.....
34518
34519
34520
34521
34522
34523
34524
34525
34526
34527
34528
34529
34530
34531
34532
34533
34534
34535
34536
34537
34538
34539
34540
34541
34542
34543
34544
.....
34605
34606
34607
34608
34609
34610
34611
34612
34613
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34616
34617
34618
34619
34620
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34623
34624
34625
34626
34627
34628
34629
34630
34631
34632
34633
34634
34635
34636
34637
34638
34639
34640
.....
34765
34766
34767
34768
34769
34770
34771
34772
34773
34774
34775
34776
34777
34778
34779
34780
34781
34782
34783
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34792
34793
34794
34795
34796
34797
34798
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34800
34801
34802
34803
34804
34805
34806
34807
34808
34809
34810
34811
34812
34813
34814
34815

34816
34817
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34819
34820
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34822
34823
34824
34825
34826

34827
34828

34829
34830
34831
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34836
34837
34838
34839
34840
34841
34842
34843
34844
34845
34846
34847
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34850
34851
34852
34853
34854
34855
34856
34857
34858
34859

34860
34861
34862
34863
34864
34865
34866
34867
34868
34869
34870
34871
34872
34873
34874
34875
34876
34877
34878
34879
34880
34881
34882
34883
34884
34885
34886
34887
34888
34889
34890
34891
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34893
34894
34895
34896
34897
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34899
34900
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34902
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34907
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34909
34910
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34949
34950
34951
34952
34953
34954
34955
34956
34957
34958
34959
34960
34961
34962
34963
34964

34965
34966
34967
34968
34969
34970
34971
34972
34973
34974
34975
34976
34977
34978
34979
34980
34981
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34983
34984
34985
34986
34987
34988
34989
34990
34991
34992
34993
34994
34995
34996
34997
34998
34999








35000








35001
35002
35003
35004
35005
35006
35007
35008
35009
35010

35011
35012
35013

35014
35015



35016
35017
35018
35019
35020
35021
35022
35023
35024
35025
35026
35027
35028
35029
35030
.....
35032
35033
35034
35035
35036
35037
35038
35039
35040
35041
35042
35043
35044
35045
35046
35047
35048
35049
35050
35051
35052
.....
35055
35056
35057
35058
35059
35060
35061
35062
35063
35064
35065
35066
35067
35068
35069
.....
35078
35079
35080
35081
35082
35083
35084
35085
35086
35087
35088
35089
35090
35091
35092
.....
35133
35134
35135
35136
35137
35138
35139
35140
35141
35142
35143
35144
35145
35146
35147
35148
35149
35150
35151
35152
35153
35154
35155
35156
35157
35158
35159
35160
35161
35162
35163
35164
35165
35166
35167
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35169
35170
35171
35172
35173
35174
35175
35176
35177
35178
35179
35180
35181
35182
35183
.....
35216
35217
35218
35219
35220
35221
35222
35223
35224
35225
35226
35227
35228
35229
35230
.....
35231
35232
35233
35234
35235
35236
35237
35238
35239
35240
35241
35242
35243
35244
35245
35246
35247
35248
35249
35250
35251
35252
35253
35254
35255
35256
35257
35258
35259
35260
35261
35262
35263
35264
35265
35266
35267
35268
35269
35270
35271
35272
35273
35274
35275
35276
35277
35278
35279
35280
35281
35282
.....
35297
35298
35299
35300
35301
35302
35303
35304
35305
35306
35307
35308
35309
35310
35311
35312
35313
35314
35315
35316
35317
35318
35319
35320
35321
.....
35361
35362
35363
35364
35365
35366
35367
35368
35369
35370
35371
35372
35373
35374
35375
35376
35377
35378
35379
35380
.....
35405
35406
35407
35408
35409
35410
35411
35412
35413
35414
35415
35416
35417
35418
35419
.....
35433
35434
35435
35436
35437
35438
35439
35440
35441
35442
35443
35444
35445
35446
35447
35448

35449
35450
35451
35452
35453
35454
35455
35456
35457
.....
35469
35470
35471
35472
35473
35474
35475
35476
35477
35478
35479
35480
35481
35482
35483
35484
35485
35486
35487
35488
35489
35490
35491
35492
35493
35494
35495
35496
35497
35498
35499
35500
35501

35502
35503
35504
35505
35506
35507
35508
35509
35510
35511
.....
35527
35528
35529
35530
35531
35532
35533
35534
35535
35536
35537
35538
35539
35540
35541
35542
35543
35544
35545
35546
35547
35548
35549
.....
35553
35554
35555
35556
35557
35558
35559
35560
35561
35562
35563
35564
35565
35566
35567
35568
35569
35570
35571
35572
35573
35574
35575
35576
35577
.....
35589
35590
35591
35592
35593
35594
35595

35596
35597
35598
35599
35600
35601
35602
35603
35604
35605
35606
35607
35608

35609
35610
35611
35612

35613
35614
35615
35616
35617
35618
35619
35620

35621
35622
35623
35624
35625
35626
35627
.....
35630
35631
35632
35633
35634
35635
35636
35637
35638
35639
35640
35641
35642
35643
35644
35645
.....
35646
35647
35648
35649
35650
35651
35652
35653
35654
35655
35656
35657
35658
35659
35660
.....
35663
35664
35665
35666
35667
35668
35669
35670
35671
35672
35673
35674
35675
35676
35677
35678
35679
35680
35681


35682
35683
35684
35685
35686
35687
35688
35689
35690
35691
35692
35693


35694
35695
35696
35697
35698
35699
35700
35701
35702
35703
35704
35705
35706
35707


35708
35709
35710
35711
35712
35713
35714
35715
35716
35717
35718
35719


35720
35721
35722
35723
35724
35725
35726
35727
35728
35729
35730
.....
35744
35745
35746
35747
35748
35749
35750
35751
35752
35753
35754
35755
35756
35757
35758
35759
35760
35761
35762
35763
.....
35766
35767
35768
35769
35770
35771
35772
35773
35774
35775
35776
35777
35778
35779
35780
.....
35942
35943
35944
35945
35946
35947
35948
35949
35950
35951
35952
35953
35954
35955
35956
35957
35958
35959
35960
35961
35962
35963
35964
35965
35966
.....
35973
35974
35975
35976
35977
35978
35979
35980
35981
35982
35983
35984
35985
35986
35987
35988
35989
35990
35991
35992
35993
35994
35995
35996
35997
35998
35999
36000
36001
36002
36003
36004
36005
36006
36007
36008
36009
36010
36011
36012
36013
36014
36015
36016
36017
36018
36019
36020
36021
36022
36023
36024
36025
36026
36027
36028
36029
36030
36031
36032
36033
.....
49103
49104
49105
49106
49107
49108
49109
49110
49111
49112
49113
49114
49115
49116
49117
49118
49119
49120
49121
49122
49123
49124
49125
49126
49127
49128
49129
49130
49131
49132
49133
49134
49135
49136
49137
49138
49139
49140
.....
52655
52656
52657
52658
52659
52660
52661
52662
52663
52664
52665
52666
52667
52668
52669
.....
60248
60249
60250
60251
60252
60253
60254
60255
60256
60257
60258
60259
60260
60261
60262
60263
60264
60265
60266
60267
60268
60269






60270
60271
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
60283
60284
60285
60286
60287
60288
60289
60290
60291
60292
60293
60294
60295
60296
60297
60298
60299
60300
60301
60302
60303
60304
60305
60306
60307
60308
60309
60310
60311
60312
60313
60314
60315
60316
60317
60318
60319
60320
60321
60322
60323
60324
60325
60326
60327
60328
60329
60330
60331
60332
60333
60334
60335
60336
60337
60338
60339
60340
60341
60342
60343
60344
60345
60346
60347
60348
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353
60354
60355
60356
60357
60358
60359
60360
60361
.....
60365
60366
60367
60368
60369
60370
60371
60372
60373
60374
60375
60376
60377
60378
60379
.....
60382
60383
60384
60385
60386
60387
60388
60389
60390
60391
60392
60393
60394
60395
60396
60397
60398
60399
60400
60401
60402
60403
60404
60405
60406
60407
60408
60409
60410
60411
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60413
60414
60415
60416
60417
60418
60419
60420
60421
60422
60423
60424
60425
60426
60427
60428
60429
60430
60431
60432
60433
60434
60435
60436
60437

60438
60439
60440
60441
60442
60443
60444
60445
60446
60447
60448
60449
60450
60451
60452
60453
60454
60455
60456
60457
60458
60459
60460
60461
60462
60463
60464
60465
60466
60467
60468
60469
60470
60471
60472
60473
60474
60475
60476
60477
60478
60479
60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
60487
60488
60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
60494
60495
60496
60497
60498
60499
60500
60501
60502
60503
60504
60505
60506
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516
60517
60518
60519
60520
60521
60522
60523
60524
60525
60526
60527
60528
60529
60530
60531
60532
60533
60534
60535
60536
60537
60538
60539
60540
60541
60542
60543
60544
60545
60546
60547
60548
60549
60550
60551
60552
60553
60554
60555
60556
60557
60558
60559
60560
60561
60562
60563
60564
60565
60566
60567
60568
60569
60570
60571
60572
60573
60574
60575
60576
60577
60578
60579
60580
60581
60582
60583
60584
60585
60586
60587
60588
60589
60590
60591
60592
60593
60594
60595
60596
60597
60598
60599
60600
60601
60602
60603
60604
60605
60606
60607
60608
60609
60610
60611
60612
60613
60614
60615
60616
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
60622
60623
60624
60625
60626
60627
60628
60629
60630
60631
60632
60633
60634
.....
61265
61266
61267
61268
61269
61270
61271
61272
61273
61274
61275
61276
61277
61278
61279
.....
63097
63098
63099
63100
63101
63102
63103
63104
63105
63106
63107
63108
63109
63110
63111
.....
64493
64494
64495
64496
64497
64498
64499
64500
64501
64502
64503
64504
64505
64506
64507
.....
64518
64519
64520
64521
64522
64523
64524
64525
64526
64527
64528
64529
64530
64531
64532
64533
64534
64535
64536
64537
64538
64539
64540
64541
64542
64543
64544
.....
66684
66685
66686
66687
66688
66689
66690
66691
66692
66693
66694
66695
66696
66697
66698
.....
66756
66757
66758
66759
66760
66761
66762
66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768
66769
66770
66771
66772
66773
66774
66775
66776
66777
66778
66779
66780
66781
66782
66783
66784
66785
66786
66787
66788
66789
66790
66791
66792
66793
66794
66795
66796
66797
66798
66799
66800
66801
66802
66803
66804
.....
66883
66884
66885
66886
66887
66888
66889
66890
66891
66892
66893
66894
66895
66896
66897
.....
67099
67100
67101
67102
67103
67104
67105
67106
67107
67108
67109
67110
67111
67112
67113
.....
67172
67173
67174
67175
67176
67177
67178
67179
67180
67181
67182
67183
67184
67185
67186
67187
.....
67261
67262
67263
67264
67265
67266
67267
67268
67269
67270
67271
67272
67273
67274
67275
.....
67541
67542
67543
67544
67545
67546
67547
67548
67549
67550
67551
67552
67553
67554
67555
67556
67557
67558
67559
.....
67573
67574
67575
67576
67577
67578
67579
67580
67581
67582
67583
67584
67585
67586
67587
.....
68081
68082
68083
68084
68085
68086
68087
68088
68089
68090
68091
68092
68093
68094
68095
68096
68097
68098
68099
.....
68342
68343
68344
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355
68356
.....
68642
68643
68644
68645
68646
68647
68648
68649
68650
68651
68652
68653
68654
68655
68656
.....
68705
68706
68707
68708
68709
68710
68711
68712
68713
68714
68715
68716
68717
68718
68719
.....
68771
68772
68773
68774
68775
68776
68777
68778
68779
68780
68781
68782
68783
68784
68785
.....
69367
69368
69369
69370
69371
69372
69373
69374
69375
69376
69377
69378
69379
69380
69381
.....
69918
69919
69920
69921
69922
69923
69924
69925
69926
69927
69928
69929
69930
69931
69932
.....
70125
70126
70127
70128
70129
70130
70131
70132
70133
70134
70135
70136
70137
70138
70139
.....
70803
70804
70805
70806
70807
70808
70809
70810
70811
70812
70813
70814
70815
70816
70817
.....
71019
71020
71021
71022
71023
71024
71025
71026
71027
71028
71029
71030
71031
71032
71033
.....
71226
71227
71228
71229
71230
71231
71232
71233
71234
71235
71236
71237
71238
71239
71240
.....
71662
71663
71664
71665
71666
71667
71668
71669
71670
71671
71672
71673
71674
71675
71676
71677
71678
71679
71680
71681
71682
71683
71684
71685
71686
71687
.....
71711
71712
71713
71714
71715
71716
71717
71718
71719
71720
71721
71722
71723
71724
71725
.....
72142
72143
72144
72145
72146
72147
72148
72149
72150
72151
72152
72153
72154
72155
72156
.....
74601
74602
74603
74604
74605
74606
74607
74608
74609
74610
74611
74612
74613
74614
74615
.....
74820
74821
74822
74823
74824
74825
74826
74827
74828
74829
74830
74831
74832
74833
74834
.....
74843
74844
74845
74846
74847
74848
74849
74850
74851
74852
74853
74854
74855
74856
74857
.....
74943
74944
74945
74946
74947
74948
74949
74950
74951
74952
74953
74954
74955
74956
74957
74958
74959
74960
74961
74962
.....
75284
75285
75286
75287
75288
75289
75290
75291
75292
75293
75294
75295
75296
75297
75298
75299
75300
75301
75302
75303
75304
75305
75306
75307
75308
75309
75310
.....
75318
75319
75320
75321
75322
75323
75324
75325
75326
75327
75328
75329
75330
75331
75332
.....
75410
75411
75412
75413
75414
75415
75416
75417
75418
75419
75420
75421
75422
75423
75424
75425
75426
75427
75428
75429
75430
75431
75432
75433
75434
75435
75436
75437
75438
75439
75440
.....
76207
76208
76209
76210
76211
76212
76213
76214
76215
76216
76217
76218
76219
76220
76221
.....
76236
76237
76238
76239
76240
76241
76242
76243
76244
76245
76246
76247
76248
76249
76250
.....
76251
76252
76253
76254
76255
76256
76257
76258
76259
76260
76261
76262
76263
76264
76265
76266
76267
76268
76269
76270
76271
76272
76273
76274
76275
76276
76277
76278
76279
.....
76770
76771
76772
76773
76774
76775
76776
76777
76778
76779
76780
76781
76782
76783
76784
.....
76840
76841
76842
76843
76844
76845
76846
76847
76848
76849
76850
76851
76852
76853
76854
76855
76856
76857
76858
76859
.....
76905
76906
76907
76908
76909
76910
76911
76912
76913
76914
76915
76916
76917
76918
76919
76920
76921
76922
76923
76924
76925
76926
76927
76928
76929
76930
76931
.....
77011
77012
77013
77014
77015
77016
77017
77018
77019
77020
77021
77022
77023
77024
77025
.....
77031
77032
77033
77034
77035
77036
77037
77038
77039
77040
77041
77042
77043
77044
77045
77046
77047

77048
77049
77050
77051
77052
77053
77054
77055
.....
77351
77352
77353
77354
77355
77356
77357
77358
77359
77360
77361
77362
77363
77364
77365
.....
77454
77455
77456
77457
77458
77459
77460
77461
77462
77463
77464
77465
77466
77467
77468
.....
77782
77783
77784
77785
77786
77787
77788
77789
77790
77791
77792
77793
77794
77795
77796
.....
77851
77852
77853
77854
77855
77856
77857
77858
77859
77860
77861
77862
77863
77864
77865
.....
78020
78021
78022
78023
78024
78025
78026
78027
78028
78029
78030
78031
78032
78033
78034
.....
78491
78492
78493
78494
78495
78496
78497
78498
78499
78500
78501
78502
78503
78504
78505
78506
78507
78508
78509
78510
78511
78512
78513
78514
.....
78627
78628
78629
78630
78631
78632
78633
78634
78635
78636
78637
78638
78639
78640
78641
.....
78801
78802
78803
78804
78805
78806
78807
78808
78809
78810
78811
78812
78813
78814
78815
.....
78820
78821
78822
78823
78824
78825
78826
78827
78828
78829
78830
78831
78832
78833
78834
.....
78835
78836
78837
78838
78839
78840
78841
78842
78843
78844
78845
78846
78847
78848
78849
78850
78851
78852
78853
78854
78855
78856
78857
78858
78859
78860
78861
78862
78863
78864
78865
78866
78867
78868
78869
78870
78871
78872
78873
78874
78875
78876
.....
78895
78896
78897
78898
78899
78900
78901
78902
78903
78904
78905
78906
78907
78908
78909
78910
78911
78912
78913
.....
79040
79041
79042
79043
79044
79045
79046
79047
79048
79049
79050
79051
79052
79053
79054
79055
79056
.....
79063
79064
79065
79066
79067
79068
79069

79070
79071
79072
79073
79074
79075
79076
79077
79078
79079
79080

79081
79082
79083
79084
79085
79086
79087
79088
79089
79090
79091
79092
79093
79094
79095
79096
79097
.....
79101
79102
79103
79104
79105
79106
79107
79108
79109
79110
79111
79112
79113
79114
79115
79116
79117
.....
79215
79216
79217
79218
79219
79220
79221
79222


79223
79224
79225
79226
79227
79228
79229
.....
79294
79295
79296
79297
79298
79299
79300
79301
79302
79303
79304
79305
79306
79307
79308
.....
79345
79346
79347
79348
79349
79350
79351
79352
79353
79354
79355
79356
79357
79358
79359
.....
79594
79595
79596
79597
79598
79599
79600
79601


79602
79603
79604
79605
79606
79607
79608
.....
79692
79693
79694
79695
79696
79697
79698
79699


79700
79701
79702
79703
79704
79705
79706
.....
80007
80008
80009
80010
80011
80012
80013
80014
80015
80016
80017
80018
80019
80020
80021
80022
.....
80222
80223
80224
80225
80226
80227
80228
80229
80230
80231
80232
80233
80234
80235
80236
.....
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
80276
80277
80278
80279
80280
80281
80282
80283
80284
80285
.....
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
.....
81125
81126
81127
81128
81129
81130
81131
81132
81133
81134
81135
81136
81137
81138
81139
.....
81266
81267
81268
81269
81270
81271
81272
81273
81274
81275
81276
81277
81278
81279
81280
.....
81287
81288
81289
81290
81291
81292
81293
81294
81295
81296
81297
81298
81299
81300
81301
81302
81303
81304
81305
81306
81307
81308
81309
81310
81311
81312
81313
81314
81315
81316
81317
81318
81319
81320
81321
81322
81323
81324
81325
81326
.....
81359
81360
81361
81362
81363
81364
81365
81366
81367
81368
81369

81370
81371
81372
81373
81374
81375
81376
81377
81378
81379
81380


81381
81382
81383
81384
81385
81386
81387
81388
81389
81390
81391
81392
81393
81394
81395
81396









81397
81398
81399
81400
81401
81402
81403
81404
81405
81406
81407
81408
81409
81410
81411
81412
81413
81414
81415
81416
81417
81418
81419
81420
81421
81422
81423
81424
81425
81426
81427
81428
81429
81430



81431
81432
81433
81434
81435


81436
81437
81438

81439
81440
81441
81442
81443
81444
81445
81446
81447
81448
81449
81450
81451
81452
81453
81454
81455
81456
81457
81458
81459
81460
81461
81462
81463
81464




81465
81466
81467
81468
81469
81470
81471
81472
81473
81474
81475
81476
81477
81478
81479
81480
81481
81482
81483
81484
81485
81486
81487
81488
81489
81490
81491
81492
81493
81494
81495
81496
81497
81498
81499
81500
81501
81502
81503
81504
81505
81506
81507
81508
81509
81510
81511
81512
81513
81514
81515
81516
81517
81518
81519
81520
81521
81522
81523
81524
81525
81526
81527
81528
81529
81530
81531
81532
81533
81534
81535
81536
81537
81538
81539
81540
81541
81542
81543
81544
81545
81546
81547
81548
81549
81550
81551
81552
81553
81554
81555
81556
81557
81558
81559
81560
81561
81562
81563
81564
81565
81566
81567
81568
81569
81570
81571
81572
81573
81574
81575
81576
81577
81578
81579
81580
81581
81582
81583
81584
81585
81586
81587
81588
81589
81590
81591
81592
81593
81594
81595
81596
81597
81598
81599
81600
81601
81602
81603
81604
81605
81606
81607
81608
81609
81610
81611
81612
81613
81614
81615
81616
81617
81618
81619
81620
81621
81622
81623
81624
81625
81626
81627
81628
81629
81630
81631
81632
81633
81634
81635
81636
81637
81638
81639
81640
81641
81642
81643
81644
81645
81646
81647
81648
81649
81650
81651
81652
81653
81654
81655
81656
81657
81658
81659
81660
81661
81662
81663
81664
81665
81666
81667
81668
81669
81670
81671
81672
81673
81674
81675
81676
81677
81678
81679
81680
81681
81682
81683
81684
81685
81686
81687
81688
81689
81690
81691
81692
81693
81694
81695
81696
81697
81698
81699
81700
81701
81702
81703
81704
81705
81706
81707
81708
81709
81710
81711
81712
81713
81714
81715
81716
81717
81718
81719
81720
81721
81722
81723
81724
81725
81726
81727
81728
81729
81730
81731
81732
81733
81734
81735
81736
81737
81738
81739
81740
81741
81742
81743
81744
81745
81746
81747
81748
81749
81750
81751
81752
81753
81754
81755
81756
81757
81758
81759
81760
81761
81762
81763
81764
81765
81766
81767
81768
81769
81770
81771
81772
81773
81774
81775
81776
81777
81778
81779
81780
81781
81782
81783
81784
81785
81786
81787
81788
81789
81790
81791
81792
81793
81794
81795
81796
81797
81798
81799
81800
81801
81802
81803
81804
81805
81806
81807
81808
81809
81810
81811
81812
81813
81814
81815
81816
81817
81818
81819
81820
81821
81822
81823
81824
81825
81826
81827
81828
81829
81830
81831
81832
81833
81834
81835
81836
81837
81838
81839
81840
81841
81842
81843
81844
81845
81846
81847
81848
81849
81850
81851
81852
81853
81854
81855
81856
81857
81858
81859
81860
81861
81862
81863
81864
81865
81866
81867
81868
81869
81870
81871
81872
81873
81874
81875
81876
81877
81878
81879
81880
81881
81882
81883
81884
81885
81886
81887
81888
81889
81890
81891
81892
81893
81894
81895
81896
81897
81898
81899
81900
81901
81902
81903
81904
81905
81906
81907
81908
81909
81910
81911
81912
81913
81914
81915
81916
81917
81918
81919
81920
81921
81922
81923
81924
81925
81926
81927
81928
81929
81930
81931
81932
81933
81934
81935
81936
81937
81938
81939
81940
81941
81942
81943
81944
81945
81946
81947
81948
81949
81950
81951
81952
81953
81954
81955
81956
81957
81958
81959
81960
81961
81962
81963
81964
81965
81966
81967
81968
81969
81970
81971
81972
81973
81974
81975
81976
81977
81978
81979
81980
81981
81982
81983
81984
81985
81986
81987
81988
81989
81990
81991
81992
81993
81994
81995
81996
81997
81998
81999
82000
82001
82002
82003
82004
82005
82006
82007
82008
82009
82010
82011
82012
82013
82014
82015
82016
82017
82018
82019
82020
82021
82022
82023
82024
82025
82026
82027
82028
82029
82030
82031
82032
82033
82034
82035
82036
82037
82038
82039
82040
82041
82042
82043
82044
82045
82046
82047
82048
82049
82050
82051
82052
82053
82054
82055
82056
82057
82058
82059
82060
82061
82062
82063
82064
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
82070
82071
82072
82073
82074
82075
82076
82077
82078
82079
82080
82081
82082
82083
82084
82085
82086
82087
82088
82089
82090
82091
82092
82093
82094
82095
82096
82097
82098
82099
82100
82101
82102
82103
82104
82105
82106
82107
82108
82109
82110
82111
82112
82113
82114
82115
82116
82117
82118
82119
82120
82121
82122
82123
82124
82125
82126
82127


82128
82129
82130
82131
82132
82133
82134
82135












82136


82137

82138
82139
82140
82141
82142

82143
82144
82145
82146
82147
82148
82149
82150
.....
82160
82161
82162
82163
82164
82165
82166
82167
82168
82169
82170
82171

82172
82173
82174
82175
82176
82177
82178

82179
82180

82181
82182
82183
82184
82185
82186
82187
82188
82189
82190
82191
82192
82193
82194
82195
82196
82197
82198
82199
82200
82201
82202
82203
82204
82205
82206
82207
82208
82209
82210
82211
82212
82213
82214
82215
82216
82217
82218
82219
82220
82221
82222
82223
82224
82225
82226
82227
82228
82229
82230
82231
82232
82233
82234
82235
82236
82237
82238
82239
82240
82241
82242
82243
82244
82245
82246
82247
82248
82249
82250
82251
82252
82253
82254
82255
82256
82257
82258
82259
82260
82261
82262
82263
82264
82265
82266
82267
82268
82269
82270
82271
82272
82273
82274
82275
82276
82277
82278
82279
82280
82281
82282
82283
82284
82285
82286
82287
82288
82289
82290
82291
82292
82293
82294
82295
82296
82297
82298
82299
82300
82301
82302
82303
82304
82305
82306
82307
82308
82309
82310
82311
82312
82313
82314
82315
82316
82317
82318
82319
82320
82321
82322
82323
82324
82325
82326
82327
82328
82329
82330
82331
82332
82333
82334
82335
82336
82337
82338
82339
82340
82341
82342
82343
82344
82345
82346
82347
82348
82349
82350
82351
82352
82353
82354
82355
82356
82357
82358
82359
82360
82361
82362
82363
82364
82365
82366
82367
82368
82369
82370
82371
82372
82373
82374
82375
82376
82377
82378
82379
82380
82381
82382
82383
82384
82385
82386

82387
82388
82389
82390
82391
82392
82393
.....
82403
82404
82405
82406
82407
82408
82409
82410
82411
82412
82413
82414
82415
82416
82417
82418
82419
82420
82421
82422
82423
82424
82425
82426
82427
82428
.....
82439
82440
82441
82442
82443
82444
82445
82446
82447
82448
82449
82450
82451
82452
82453
.....
82521
82522
82523
82524
82525
82526
82527
82528
82529
82530
82531
82532
82533
82534
82535
82536
82537
82538
82539
82540
82541
82542
82543
82544
82545
82546
82547
82548
82549
82550
82551
82552
82553
82554
82555
82556
82557
82558
82559
82560
82561
82562
82563
82564
82565
82566
82567
82568
82569
82570
82571
82572
82573
82574
82575
82576
82577
82578
82579
82580
.....
82583
82584
82585
82586
82587
82588
82589


82590
82591
82592
82593
82594
82595
82596
.....
82600
82601
82602
82603
82604
82605
82606

82607





82608
82609
82610
82611
82612
82613
82614
82615
82616

82617





82618

82619
82620
82621
82622
82623
82624
82625
82626
82627
82628
82629
82630
82631

82632

82633
82634
82635
82636
82637
82638
82639
82640
82641
82642
82643
82644
82645
82646
82647
82648
82649
82650
82651
82652
82653
82654
82655
82656
82657
82658
82659
82660
82661
82662
82663
82664
82665
82666
82667
82668
82669
82670
82671
82672
82673
82674
82675
82676
82677
82678
82679
82680
82681
82682
82683
82684
82685
82686
82687
82688
82689
82690
82691
82692
82693
82694
82695
82696
82697
82698
82699
82700
82701
82702
82703
82704
82705
82706
82707


82708
82709
82710




82711


82712
82713
82714
82715
82716
82717
82718
82719
82720
82721
82722
82723
82724
82725
82726
82727
82728
82729
82730
82731
82732
82733
82734
82735
82736
82737
82738
82739
82740
82741
82742
82743
82744
82745
82746
82747

82748

82749
82750
82751
82752
82753
82754
82755
82756
82757
82758
82759
82760
82761
82762
82763
82764

82765
82766
82767
82768
82769
82770
82771
82772
82773
82774
82775

82776
82777
82778
82779
82780
82781
82782
82783
82784
82785
82786
82787
82788
82789
82790
82791
82792
82793
82794
82795
82796
82797
82798
82799
82800
82801
82802
82803
82804
82805
82806
82807
82808
82809
82810
82811
82812
82813
82814
82815
82816
82817
82818
82819
82820
82821
82822
82823
82824
82825
82826
82827
82828
82829
82830
82831
82832
82833
82834
82835
82836
82837
82838
82839
82840
82841
82842
82843
82844
82845
82846
82847
82848
82849
82850
82851
82852
82853
82854
82855
82856
82857
82858
82859
82860
82861
.....
82869
82870
82871
82872
82873
82874
82875
82876
82877
82878
82879
82880
82881
82882
82883
.....
82893
82894
82895
82896
82897
82898
82899
82900
82901
82902
82903
82904
82905
82906
82907
82908
82909
82910
82911
82912
.....
83073
83074
83075
83076
83077
83078
83079
83080
83081
83082
83083
83084
83085
83086
83087
83088
83089
.....
83294
83295
83296
83297
83298
83299
83300
83301

83302
83303
83304
83305
83306
83307
83308
.....
83315
83316
83317
83318
83319
83320
83321
83322

83323
83324
83325
83326
83327
83328
83329
.....
83332
83333
83334
83335
83336
83337
83338



83339
83340
83341
83342
83343
83344
83345
83346
83347
83348

83349
83350
83351
83352
83353
83354
83355
83356
83357
83358
83359
83360
83361
83362
83363
.....
83377
83378
83379
83380
83381
83382
83383
83384
83385
83386
83387
83388
83389
83390
83391
83392
83393
83394
83395
83396
83397
83398
83399
83400
83401
.....
83409
83410
83411
83412
83413
83414
83415
83416
83417
83418
83419
83420
83421
83422
83423
83424
83425
83426
83427
83428
83429
83430
83431
83432
83433
83434
83435
83436
83437
83438
83439
83440
83441
83442
83443
83444
83445
83446
83447
83448
83449
83450
83451
83452
83453
83454
83455
83456
.....
84625
84626
84627
84628
84629
84630
84631
84632
84633
84634
84635
84636
84637
84638
84639
.....
84772
84773
84774
84775
84776
84777
84778
84779
84780
84781
84782
84783
84784
84785
84786
.....
84814
84815
84816
84817
84818
84819
84820
84821
84822
84823
84824
84825
84826
84827
84828
84829
84830
84831
84832
84833
84834
84835
84836
84837
84838
84839
84840
84841
84842
84843
84844
84845
84846
84847
.....
84851
84852
84853
84854
84855
84856
84857
84858
84859
84860
84861
84862
84863
84864
84865
84866
84867
84868
84869
84870
84871
84872
84873
84874
84875
84876
84877
84878
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
.....
84894
84895
84896
84897
84898
84899
84900
84901
84902
84903
84904
84905
84906
84907
84908
.....
85242
85243
85244
85245
85246
85247
85248
85249
85250
85251
85252
85253
85254
85255
85256
85257
85258
85259
85260
85261
85262
85263
85264
85265
85266
85267
85268
85269
85270
85271
85272
85273
85274
85275
85276
85277
85278
85279
85280
85281
85282
85283
85284
85285
85286
85287
85288
85289
85290
85291
.....
85305
85306
85307
85308
85309
85310
85311
85312
85313
85314
85315
85316
85317
85318
85319
85320
85321
85322
.....
85327
85328
85329
85330
85331
85332
85333
85334
85335
85336
85337
85338
85339
85340
85341
85342
85343
85344
85345
85346
.....
85530
85531
85532
85533
85534
85535
85536
85537
85538

85539
85540
85541
85542
85543
85544
85545
.....
85831
85832
85833
85834
85835
85836
85837
85838
85839
85840
85841
85842
85843
85844
85845
.....
86292
86293
86294
86295
86296
86297
86298
86299
86300
86301

86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307
86308
86309
.....
86332
86333
86334
86335
86336
86337
86338
86339
86340

86341
86342
86343
86344
86345
86346
86347
.....
86522
86523
86524
86525
86526
86527
86528

86529
86530
86531
86532
86533
86534
86535
.....
86558
86559
86560
86561
86562
86563
86564
86565
86566
86567
86568
86569
86570
86571
86572
.....
87904
87905
87906
87907
87908
87909
87910
87911
87912
87913
87914
87915
87916
87917
87918
87919
87920
.....
88040
88041
88042
88043
88044
88045
88046
88047
88048
88049
88050
88051
88052
88053
88054
.....
88464
88465
88466
88467
88468
88469
88470
88471
88472
88473
88474
88475
88476
88477
88478
.....
88651
88652
88653
88654
88655
88656
88657
88658
88659
88660
88661
88662
88663
88664
88665
.....
88668
88669
88670
88671
88672
88673
88674
88675
88676
88677
88678
88679
88680
88681
88682
.....
89207
89208
89209
89210
89211
89212
89213
89214
89215
89216
89217
89218
89219
89220
89221
89222
89223
89224
89225
89226
89227
89228
.....
89333
89334
89335
89336
89337
89338
89339
89340
89341
89342
89343
89344
89345
89346
89347
89348
89349
.....
89414
89415
89416
89417
89418
89419
89420
89421
89422
89423
89424
89425
89426
89427
89428
89429
89430
89431
89432
.....
89470
89471
89472
89473
89474
89475
89476
89477
89478
89479
89480
89481
89482
89483
89484
89485
.....
90343
90344
90345
90346
90347
90348
90349
90350
90351
90352
90353
90354
90355
90356
90357
.....
90387
90388
90389
90390
90391
90392
90393
90394
90395
90396
90397
90398
90399
90400
90401
90402
90403
90404
90405
90406
90407
90408
90409
90410
90411
90412
90413
.....
90448
90449
90450
90451
90452
90453
90454
90455
90456
90457
90458
90459
90460
90461
90462
90463
90464
90465
90466
.....
90480
90481
90482
90483
90484
90485
90486
90487
90488
90489
90490
90491
90492
90493
90494
.....
90505
90506
90507
90508
90509
90510
90511
90512
90513
90514
90515
90516
90517
90518
90519
90520
90521
.....
91170
91171
91172
91173
91174
91175
91176
91177
91178
91179
91180
91181
91182
91183
91184
91185
91186
91187
91188
91189
91190
91191
91192
91193
91194
91195
91196
91197
91198
91199
91200
91201
91202
91203
91204
91205
91206
91207
91208
91209
91210
91211
91212
91213
91214
91215
91216
91217
91218
91219
91220
91221
91222
91223
91224
91225
91226
91227
91228
91229
91230
91231
91232
91233
91234
91235
91236
91237
91238
91239
91240
91241
91242
91243
91244
91245
91246
91247
91248
91249
91250
91251
91252
91253
91254
91255
91256
91257
91258
91259
91260
91261
91262
91263
91264
91265
91266
91267
91268
91269
91270
91271
91272
91273
91274
91275
91276
91277
91278
91279
91280
.....
91291
91292
91293
91294
91295
91296
91297
91298
91299
91300
91301
91302
91303
91304
91305
91306
91307
.....
91320
91321
91322
91323
91324
91325
91326
91327
91328
91329
91330
91331
91332
91333
91334
91335
91336
91337
91338
91339
91340
.....
91409
91410
91411
91412
91413
91414
91415
91416
91417
91418
91419
91420
91421
91422
91423
91424
91425
91426
.....
91486
91487
91488
91489
91490
91491
91492
91493
91494
91495
91496
91497
91498
91499
91500
.....
91517
91518
91519
91520
91521
91522
91523

91524
91525
91526
91527
91528




91529
91530
91531
91532
91533











91534
91535
91536
91537
91538
91539
91540
.....
91752
91753
91754
91755
91756
91757
91758
91759
91760
91761
91762
91763
91764
91765
91766
91767
91768
91769
91770
91771
91772
91773
91774
91775
91776
91777
91778
91779
91780
91781
.....
92852
92853
92854
92855
92856
92857
92858
92859
92860
92861
92862
92863
92864
92865
92866
.....
93721
93722
93723
93724
93725
93726
93727
93728
93729
93730
93731
93732
93733
93734
93735
.....
95154
95155
95156
95157
95158
95159
95160
95161
95162
95163
95164
95165
95166
95167
95168
95169
95170
95171
95172
95173
95174
95175
95176
95177
95178
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183
95184
95185
95186
95187
95188
95189
95190
95191
95192
95193
95194
95195
95196
95197
95198
95199
95200
95201
95202
95203
95204
95205
95206
95207
95208
95209
95210
95211
95212
95213
95214
95215
95216
95217
95218
95219
95220
95221
95222
95223
95224
95225
95226
95227
95228
95229
95230
95231
95232
95233
95234
95235
95236
95237
95238
95239
95240
95241
95242
95243
95244
95245
95246
95247
95248
95249
95250
95251
95252
95253
95254
95255
95256
95257
95258
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
95269
95270
95271
95272
95273
95274
95275
95276
95277
95278
95279
95280
95281
95282
95283
95284
95285
95286
95287
95288
95289
95290
95291
95292
95293
95294
95295
95296
95297
95298
95299
95300
95301
95302
95303
95304
95305
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
95312
95313
95314
95315
95316
95317
95318
95319
95320
95321
95322
95323
95324
95325
95326
95327
95328
95329
95330
95331
95332
95333
95334
95335
95336
95337
95338
95339
95340
95341
95342
95343
95344
95345
95346
95347
95348
95349
95350
95351
95352
95353
95354
95355
95356
95357
95358
95359
95360
95361
95362
95363
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
95372
95373
95374
95375
95376
95377
95378
95379
95380
95381
95382
95383
95384
95385
95386
95387
95388
95389
95390
95391
95392
95393
95394
95395
95396
95397
95398
95399
95400
95401
95402
95403
95404
95405
95406
95407
95408
95409
95410
95411
95412
95413
95414
95415
95416
95417
95418
95419
95420
95421
95422
95423
95424
95425
95426
95427
95428
95429
95430
95431
95432
95433
95434
95435
95436
95437
95438
95439
95440
95441
95442
95443
95444
95445
95446
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
95452
95453
95454
95455
95456
95457
95458
95459
95460
95461
95462
95463
95464
95465
95466
95467
95468
95469
95470
95471
95472
95473
95474
95475
95476
95477
95478
95479
95480
95481
95482
95483
95484
95485
95486
95487
95488
95489
95490
95491
95492
95493
95494
95495
95496
95497
95498
95499
95500
95501
95502
95503
95504
95505
95506
95507
95508
95509
95510
95511
95512
95513
95514
95515
95516
95517
95518
95519
95520
95521
95522
95523
95524
95525
95526
95527
95528
95529
95530
95531
95532
95533
95534
95535
95536
95537
95538
95539
95540
95541
95542
95543
95544
95545
95546
95547
95548
95549
95550
95551
95552
95553
95554
95555
95556
95557
95558
95559
95560
95561
95562
95563
95564
95565
95566
95567
95568
95569
95570
95571
95572
95573
95574
95575
95576
95577
95578
95579
95580
95581
95582
95583
95584
95585
.....
95742
95743
95744
95745
95746
95747
95748
95749

























95750
95751













95752




95753
















































95754
95755
95756
95757
95758
95759
95760
.....
95816
95817
95818
95819
95820
95821
95822

95823
95824
95825
95826
95827
95828
95829
95830
95831
95832
.....
95874
95875
95876
95877
95878
95879
95880
95881
95882
95883
95884
95885
95886
95887
95888
95889
95890
95891
95892
95893
95894
95895
95896
95897
95898
95899
95900
95901
95902
95903
95904
95905
95906
95907
95908
95909
95910
95911
95912
95913
95914
95915
95916
95917
95918
95919
95920
95921
95922
.....
95926
95927
95928
95929
95930
95931
95932
95933
95934
95935
95936
95937
95938
95939
95940
95941
95942
95943
95944
95945

95946
95947
95948
95949
95950
95951
95952
.....
95957
95958
95959
95960
95961
95962
95963
95964
95965
95966
95967
95968
95969
95970
95971
95972
95973
95974
95975
95976
95977
95978
95979
95980
95981
95982
95983
95984
95985
.....
95986
95987
95988
95989
95990
95991
95992
95993
95994
95995
95996
95997
95998
95999
96000
96001
96002
96003
96004
96005
96006
96007
96008
96009
96010
96011
.....
96012
96013
96014
96015
96016
96017
96018
96019
96020
96021
96022
96023
96024
96025
96026
96027
.....
96032
96033
96034
96035
96036
96037
96038
96039


96040

96041
96042
96043
96044
96045
96046
96047
96048
96049
96050
96051
96052
96053
96054
96055
96056
96057
96058
96059
96060
96061
96062
96063
96064
96065
96066
.....
96085
96086
96087
96088
96089
96090
96091
96092
96093
96094
96095
96096
96097
96098
96099
96100
96101
96102
96103
96104
96105
96106
96107
96108
96109
96110
96111
96112








96113
96114
96115
96116
96117
96118
96119
.....
96137
96138
96139
96140
96141
96142
96143
96144
96145
96146
96147
96148
96149
96150
96151
96152
96153
96154
96155
96156
96157
96158
96159
96160
96161
96162
96163
96164
96165
96166
96167
96168
96169
96170
96171
96172
96173
96174
96175
96176
96177



96178






96179
96180
96181
96182
96183

96184
96185
96186
96187
96188
96189
96190
96191
96192
96193
96194
96195
96196
96197
96198
96199
96200
96201
96202
96203
96204
96205
96206
96207
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
96213
96214
96215

96216
96217
96218
96219
96220
96221
96222
96223

96224
96225



96226
96227
96228
96229
96230
96231
96232
96233
96234
96235
96236
96237
96238
96239
96240
96241
96242
96243
96244
.....
96245
96246
96247
96248
96249
96250
96251
96252

96253
96254
96255
96256
96257
96258
96259
96260
96261
96262
96263
96264
96265
96266
96267
96268
96269
.....
96271
96272
96273
96274
96275
96276
96277
96278
96279
96280
96281
96282
96283
96284
96285
96286
96287
96288
96289
96290
96291
96292
96293
96294
96295
96296
96297
96298
96299
96300
96301
96302
96303
96304
96305
96306
96307
96308
96309
96310
96311
96312
96313
96314
96315
96316
96317
96318
96319
96320
96321
96322
96323
96324
96325
96326
96327
96328
96329
96330
96331
96332
96333
96334
96335
96336
96337
96338
96339
96340
96341
96342
96343
96344
96345
.....
96364
96365
96366
96367
96368
96369
96370
96371
96372
96373
96374
96375
96376
96377
96378
96379
.....
96381
96382
96383
96384
96385
96386
96387
96388
96389
96390
96391
96392
96393
96394
96395
.....
96408
96409
96410
96411
96412
96413
96414
96415

96416






96417
96418
96419
96420
96421
96422
96423
96424
96425
96426
96427

96428
96429
96430
96431
96432
96433
96434
96435
.....
96452
96453
96454
96455
96456
96457
96458
96459
96460
96461
96462
96463
96464
96465
96466
96467
96468
96469
96470
96471
96472

96473
96474
96475
96476
96477
96478
96479
96480
96481
96482
96483
96484
96485
96486
96487
96488

96489
96490
96491
96492
96493
96494
96495
96496
96497
96498
96499
96500
96501
96502
96503
96504
96505
96506
96507
96508
96509
96510
96511
96512
96513
96514
96515
96516
96517
96518
96519
96520
96521
96522
96523
.....
96525
96526
96527
96528
96529
96530
96531
96532
96533

96534
96535
96536
96537
96538
96539
96540
.....
96570
96571
96572
96573
96574
96575
96576

96577

96578
96579
96580
96581
96582
96583
96584
96585
96586
96587
96588
96589
96590
96591
96592
96593
96594
96595
96596
96597
96598
96599
96600
96601
96602
96603
96604
96605
96606
96607
96608
96609
96610
96611
96612

96613
96614
96615
96616
96617
96618
96619
.....
96625
96626
96627
96628
96629
96630
96631

96632

96633
96634
96635
96636
96637

96638
96639
96640
96641



96642
96643
96644
96645
96646
96647

96648
96649
96650
96651
96652


96653
96654
96655

96656
96657

96658
96659

96660
96661
96662
96663
96664
96665
96666
.....
96667
96668
96669
96670
96671
96672
96673

96674

96675
96676
96677
96678
96679
96680
96681
96682
96683
96684
96685
96686
96687
96688
96689
96690
96691
96692
96693
96694
96695
96696
96697

96698
96699
96700
96701
96702
96703
96704
.....
96730
96731
96732
96733
96734
96735
96736
96737
96738
96739
96740
96741
96742
96743
96744
96745
96746
96747
96748
96749
96750
.....
96752
96753
96754
96755
96756
96757
96758

96759
96760
96761
96762
96763
96764
96765
.....
96845
96846
96847
96848
96849
96850
96851
96852
96853
96854
96855
96856
96857
96858
96859
96860
96861
96862
96863
96864
96865
96866
96867
96868
96869
96870
96871
96872
96873
96874
96875
96876
96877
96878
96879
96880
96881
96882
96883
96884
96885
96886
96887
96888
96889


96890
96891
96892
96893
96894
96895
96896
.....
96912
96913
96914
96915
96916
96917
96918

96919
96920
96921
96922
96923
96924
96925
.....
97041
97042
97043
97044
97045
97046
97047
97048
97049
97050
97051
97052
97053
97054
97055
97056
.....
97068
97069
97070
97071
97072
97073
97074
97075
97076
97077
97078
97079
97080
97081
97082
.....
97115
97116
97117
97118
97119
97120
97121
97122
97123
97124
97125
97126
97127
97128
97129
97130
.....
97150
97151
97152
97153
97154
97155
97156
97157




97158
97159
97160
97161
97162
97163
97164
.....
97194
97195
97196
97197
97198
97199
97200
97201
97202
97203
97204
97205
97206
97207
97208
97209
97210
97211
97212
97213
97214
97215
97216
97217
97218
97219
97220
97221
97222
97223
97224
97225
97226
97227
97228
97229
97230
97231
97232
97233
97234
97235
97236
97237
97238
97239
97240
97241

97242
97243
97244
97245
97246
97247
97248
97249
97250
97251
97252
97253
97254
97255
97256
97257
97258
97259
97260
97261
97262
97263
97264
97265
97266
97267
97268
97269
97270
97271
97272
97273
97274
97275
97276
97277
97278
97279
97280
97281
97282
97283
97284
97285
97286
97287
97288
97289
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295
97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
97303
97304
97305
97306
97307
97308
97309
97310
97311
97312
97313
97314
97315
97316
97317
97318
97319
97320
97321
97322
97323
97324
97325
97326
97327
97328
.....
97339
97340
97341
97342
97343
97344
97345
97346
97347

97348
97349
97350
97351
97352
97353

97354
97355
97356

97357

97358
97359
97360
97361
97362
97363



97364
97365
97366
97367
97368
97369
97370
97371
97372

97373
97374
97375
97376
97377

97378
97379
97380
97381
97382
97383
97384
97385
97386
97387
97388

97389
97390
97391
97392

97393
97394
97395
97396
97397
97398
97399
97400
.....
98537
98538
98539
98540
98541
98542
98543
98544
98545
98546
98547
98548
98549
98550
98551
98552
.....
98573
98574
98575
98576
98577
98578
98579
98580
98581
98582
98583
98584
98585
98586
98587
98588
.....
99333
99334
99335
99336
99337
99338
99339
99340
99341
99342
99343
99344
99345
99346
99347
99348
99349
.....
99350
99351
99352
99353
99354
99355
99356
99357
99358
99359
99360
99361
99362
99363
99364
99365
99366
99367
99368
99369
99370
99371
99372
99373
99374
99375
99376
99377
99378
99379
99380
99381
99382
99383

99384
99385
99386
99387
99388
99389
99390
99391
99392
99393
.....
99440
99441
99442
99443
99444
99445
99446
99447
99448
99449
99450
99451
99452
99453
99454
99455
99456
99457
99458
99459
99460
99461
99462
99463
99464
99465
99466
99467
99468
99469
99470
99471
99472
99473
99474
99475
99476
99477
99478
99479
99480
99481
99482
.....
99485
99486
99487
99488
99489
99490
99491
99492
99493
99494
99495
99496
99497
99498
99499
99500
99501
99502
99503
99504
99505
99506
99507
99508
99509
99510
99511
99512
99513
.....
99525
99526
99527
99528
99529
99530
99531
99532
99533
99534
99535
99536
99537
99538
99539
99540
99541
99542
99543
99544
99545
99546
99547
99548
99549
99550
99551
99552
99553
.....
99728
99729
99730
99731
99732
99733
99734
99735

99736
99737
99738
99739
99740
99741
99742
99743
99744
99745
99746
99747
99748
99749
99750
99751
99752
99753
99754
99755
99756
99757
99758
99759
99760
99761
99762
99763
99764
99765
99766
99767
99768
99769
99770
99771
99772
.....
99786
99787
99788
99789
99790
99791
99792
99793
99794
99795
99796
99797
99798
99799
99800
99801
99802
......
101534
101535
101536
101537
101538
101539
101540
101541
101542
101543
101544
101545
101546
101547
101548
......
101700
101701
101702
101703
101704
101705
101706
101707
101708
101709
101710
101711
101712
101713
101714
101715
101716
101717
101718
......
101988
101989
101990
101991
101992
101993
101994
101995
101996
101997
101998
101999
102000
102001
102002
......
102131
102132
102133
102134
102135
102136
102137
102138
102139
102140
102141
102142
102143
102144
102145
......
102903
102904
102905
102906
102907
102908
102909
102910






102911
102912
102913
102914
102915
102916
102917
102918
102919
102920
102921
102922
102923
102924
102925
102926
102927
102928
102929
102930
102931
102932
102933
102934
102935
......
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
103508
103509
103510
103511
103512
103513
103514
......
103642
103643
103644
103645
103646
103647
103648
103649
103650
103651
103652
103653
103654
103655
103656
103657
103658
103659
......
104549
104550
104551
104552
104553
104554
104555
104556
104557
104558
104559
104560
104561
104562
104563
......
104976
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
104982
104983
104984
104985
104986
104987
104988
104989
104990
104991
104992
104993
104994
104995
104996
104997
104998
104999
105000
105001
105002
105003
105004
105005
105006
105007
105008
105009
105010
105011
105012
105013
105014
......
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
105264
105265
105266
105267
105268
105269
105270
105271
105272
105273
105274
105275
105276
105277
......
106548
106549
106550
106551
106552
106553
106554
106555
106556
106557
106558
106559
106560
106561
106562
......
106681
106682
106683
106684
106685
106686
106687



















106688
106689
106690
106691
106692
106693
106694
......
106720
106721
106722
106723
106724
106725
106726
106727
106728
106729
106730
106731
106732
106733
106734
......
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755
106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
......
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
106783
106784
106785
106786
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
......
106800
106801
106802
106803
106804
106805
106806
106807
106808
106809
106810
106811
106812
106813
106814
106815
106816
106817
106818
106819
106820
106821
106822
106823
106824
106825
106826
106827
106828
106829
106830
106831
......
106883
106884
106885
106886
106887
106888
106889
106890
106891
106892
106893
106894
106895
106896
106897
......
106902
106903
106904
106905
106906
106907
106908
106909
106910
106911
106912
106913
106914
106915
106916
......
107008
107009
107010
107011
107012
107013
107014
107015
107016
107017
107018
107019
107020
107021
107022
107023
107024
107025
......
107031
107032
107033
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
107039
107040
107041
107042
107043
107044
107045
......
107091
107092
107093
107094
107095
107096
107097















107098
107099
107100
107101
107102
107103
107104
107105
107106
107107
107108
107109
......
107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
......
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288
107289
107290
107291
107292
107293
107294
107295
107296
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
......
107815
107816
107817
107818
107819
107820
107821
107822
107823
107824
107825
107826
107827
107828
107829
107830
107831
107832
......
108275
108276
108277
108278
108279
108280
108281
108282
108283
108284
108285
108286
108287
108288
108289
......
108343
108344
108345
108346
108347
108348
108349
108350
108351
108352
108353
108354
108355
108356
108357
108358
108359
108360
108361
108362
108363
108364
108365
......
108401
108402
108403
108404
108405
108406
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
108412
108413
108414
108415
......
108441
108442
108443
108444
108445
108446
108447
108448
108449
108450
108451
108452
108453
108454
108455
......
108549
108550
108551
108552
108553
108554
108555


























108556


108557



































108558
108559


108560
108561
108562
108563
108564
108565
108566
108567
108568
......
108946
108947
108948
108949
108950
108951
108952
108953
108954
108955
108956
108957
108958
108959
108960
108961
108962
108963
108964
108965
108966
108967
108968
108969

108970
108971
108972
108973
108974
108975
108976
108977
108978
108979
108980
108981
108982
108983





108984

108985
108986
108987
108988
108989





108990























108991






108992
108993
108994
108995
108996
108997
108998
108999
109000
109001
109002
109003






109004













109005
109006
109007











109008
109009

109010
109011
109012
109013




109014
109015










109016
109017
109018
109019


109020
109021
109022
109023
109024
109025
109026
109027
109028
109029
109030
109031
109032
109033
109034
109035
109036
109037
109038
109039
109040
109041
109042
109043
109044

109045
109046



































109047
109048
109049
109050
109051
109052
109053
......
109056
109057
109058
109059
109060
109061
109062
109063
109064
109065
109066
109067
109068
109069
109070
109071
109072
109073
109074
109075
109076
109077
109078
109079
109080
109081
109082
109083

109084
109085
109086
109087
109088
109089
109090

109091
109092

109093
109094
109095
109096
109097
109098
109099
109100
109101
109102
109103
109104
109105
109106

109107
109108
109109
109110
109111
109112
109113
109114
109115
109116
109117
109118
109119
109120
109121
109122
109123
109124
109125
109126
109127
109128
109129
109130
109131
109132
109133
109134
109135
109136
109137
109138
109139
109140
109141
109142
109143
109144
109145
109146
109147
109148
109149
109150
109151
109152

109153
109154
109155
109156
109157


109158
109159
109160
109161

109162
109163
109164
109165
109166
109167

109168
109169
109170
109171
109172


109173
109174
109175
109176

109177
109178
109179
109180

109181
109182
109183
109184
109185

109186
109187
109188
109189
109190
109191
109192
109193
109194
109195
109196
109197

109198
109199

109200
109201
109202
109203
109204
109205
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
109221
109222
109223
109224
......
109230
109231
109232
109233
109234
109235
109236
109237
109238
109239
109240
109241
109242
109243
109244
109245
109246
109247
109248
109249
109250
109251
109252



109253

109254
109255
109256
109257
109258
109259
109260
109261
109262
109263
109264
109265
109266
109267
109268
109269
109270
109271
109272
109273
109274
109275

109276
109277
109278


109279
109280
109281
109282
109283
109284
109285
109286
109287
109288
109289
109290
......
109295
109296
109297
109298
109299
109300
109301
109302
109303
109304
109305
109306
109307
109308
109309
109310
109311
109312
109313
109314
109315
109316
109317
109318
109319
109320
109321
109322
109323
109324
109325
109326
109327
109328
109329
109330
109331
109332
109333
109334
109335
109336
......
109351
109352
109353
109354
109355
109356
109357
109358
109359
109360
109361
109362
109363
109364
109365
......
109561
109562
109563
109564
109565
109566
109567
109568
109569
109570
109571
109572
109573
109574
109575
......
109777
109778
109779
109780
109781
109782
109783

109784
109785
109786
109787
109788
109789
109790
109791
109792
109793
109794
109795
109796
109797
109798
109799
109800
......
110439
110440
110441
110442
110443
110444
110445

110446
110447
110448
110449
110450
110451
110452
110453
110454
110455
110456
110457
110458
110459
110460
110461
110462
......
110480
110481
110482
110483
110484
110485
110486
110487
110488
110489
110490
110491
110492
110493
110494
......
110508
110509
110510
110511
110512
110513
110514
110515
110516
110517
110518
110519
110520
110521
110522
110523
110524
110525
110526
110527
110528
110529
110530
110531
110532
110533
......
110620
110621
110622
110623
110624
110625
110626

110627
110628
110629
110630
110631
110632
110633
110634
110635
110636
110637
110638
......
110732
110733
110734
110735
110736
110737
110738
110739
110740
110741
110742
110743
110744
110745
110746

110747
110748

110749
110750
110751
110752
110753
110754
110755
110756
110757
110758
110759
110760
110761
110762
110763
110764
110765
110766
110767
110768
110769
110770
110771
110772
110773
110774
110775
110776
......
110808
110809
110810
110811
110812
110813
110814
110815
110816
110817
110818
110819
110820
110821
110822
110823
110824
110825
110826
110827
110828
110829
110830
110831
110832
110833
110834
110835
110836
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
110867
110868
110869
110870
110871
110872
110873
110874
110875
110876
110877
110878
110879
110880
110881
......
110887
110888
110889
110890
110891
110892
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
110898
110899
110900
110901
110902
110903
110904
110905
110906
110907
110908
110909
110910
110911
110912
110913
110914
110915
110916
110917
110918
110919
110920
110921
110922
110923
110924
110925
110926
110927
110928
110929
110930
110931
110932
110933
110934
110935
110936
110937
110938
110939
110940
110941
110942
110943
110944
110945
......
110953
110954
110955
110956
110957
110958
110959
110960
110961
110962
110963
110964
110965
110966
110967
......
110972
110973
110974
110975
110976
110977
110978
110979
110980


110981
110982
110983
110984
110985
110986
110987
110988
110989
110990
110991
110992
110993
110994
110995
110996
110997
110998
110999
111000
111001
111002
111003
111004
111005
111006
111007
111008
111009
111010
111011
111012
111013
111014
111015
111016
111017
111018
111019
111020
111021
111022
111023
111024
111025
111026
111027
111028
111029
......
111104
111105
111106
111107
111108
111109
111110
111111
111112
111113
111114
111115
111116
111117
111118
111119
111120
111121
111122
111123
111124
111125
111126
111127
......
111131
111132
111133
111134
111135
111136
111137
111138
111139
111140
111141
111142
111143
111144
111145
111146
111147
111148
111149
111150
111151
111152
111153
111154
111155
111156
111157
111158
111159
......
111167
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172
111173
111174
111175
111176
111177
111178
111179
111180
111181
111182
111183
111184
111185
111186
111187
111188
111189
111190
111191
111192
111193
111194
......
111207
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216
111217
111218
111219
111220
111221
111222
111223
111224
111225
111226
111227
111228
111229
111230
111231
111232
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240



111241
111242
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
111255
111256
111257
111258
111259
111260
111261
111262
111263
111264
111265
111266
111267
111268
......
111413
111414
111415
111416
111417
111418
111419
111420
111421
111422
111423
111424
111425
111426
111427
111428
111429
......
111452
111453
111454
111455
111456
111457
111458
111459
111460
111461
111462
111463
111464
111465
111466
111467
111468
111469
111470
111471


111472
111473
111474
111475
111476
111477
111478
......
111505
111506
111507
111508
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
......
111844
111845
111846
111847
111848
111849
111850
111851
111852
111853
111854
111855
111856
111857
111858
111859
111860
111861
111862
111863
111864
111865
111866
111867
111868
111869
111870
......
111893
111894
111895
111896
111897
111898
111899
111900
111901
111902
111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
111910
111911
111912
111913
111914
111915
111916
111917
111918
111919
......
111925
111926
111927
111928
111929
111930
111931
111932
111933
111934
111935
111936
111937
111938
111939
111940
111941
111942
111943
111944
111945
111946
111947
111948
111949
111950
111951
111952
111953
111954
111955
111956
111957
111958
111959
111960
111961
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
111968
111969
111970
111971
111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
111977
111978
111979
111980
111981
111982
111983
111984
111985
111986
111987
111988
111989
111990
111991
111992
111993
111994
111995
111996
111997
111998
111999
112000
112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006
112007
112008
112009
112010
112011
112012
112013
112014
112015
112016
112017
112018
112019
112020
112021
112022
112023
112024
112025
112026
112027
112028
112029
112030
112031
112032
112033
112034
112035
112036
112037
112038
112039
112040
112041
112042
112043
112044
112045
112046
112047
112048
......
112071
112072
112073
112074
112075
112076
112077


112078
112079
112080

112081
112082
112083
112084
112085
112086
112087
......
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165

112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
112185
112186
112187
112188
112189
......
112513
112514
112515
112516
112517
112518
112519
112520
112521
112522
112523
112524
112525
112526
112527
......
112543
112544
112545
112546
112547
112548
112549
112550
112551
112552
112553
112554
112555
112556
112557
......
115703
115704
115705
115706
115707
115708
115709
115710
115711
115712
115713
115714
115715
115716
115717
115718
115719
115720
115721
115722
115723
......
118546
118547
118548
118549
118550
118551
118552
118553
118554
118555
118556
118557
118558
118559
118560
118561
118562
118563
118564
118565
118566
118567
118568
118569
......
118845
118846
118847
118848
118849
118850
118851
118852
118853
118854
118855
118856
118857
118858
118859
......
118870
118871
118872
118873
118874
118875
118876
118877
118878
118879
118880
118881
118882
118883
118884
......
121961
121962
121963
121964
121965
121966
121967
121968
121969
121970
121971
121972
121973
121974
121975
121976
121977
121978
121979
121980
......
121992
121993
121994
121995
121996
121997
121998
121999
122000
122001
122002
122003
122004
122005
122006
122007
......
122023
122024
122025
122026
122027
122028
122029
122030
122031
122032
122033
122034
122035
122036
122037
122038
122039
122040
122041
122042
122043
122044
122045
......
123452
123453
123454
123455
123456
123457
123458
123459
123460
123461
123462
123463
123464
123465
123466
123467
123468
123469
123470
123471
123472
123473
123474
123475
123476
123477
123478

123479


123480
123481
123482
123483
123484
123485
123486
......
123501
123502
123503
123504
123505
123506
123507
123508
123509
123510
123511
123512
123513
123514
123515
123516
123517
123518
123519
123520
123521
123522
123523
123524
123525
123526
123527
123528
123529
123530
123531
123532
123533
123534
123535
123536
123537
123538
123539
123540
123541
123542
123543
123544
123545
123546
......
124978
124979
124980
124981
124982
124983
124984
124985
124986
124987
124988
124989
124990
124991
124992
124993
124994
124995
124996
124997
124998
124999
125000
125001
125002
125003
125004
125005
125006
125007
125008
125009
125010
125011
125012
125013
125014
125015
125016
125017
125018
......
125031
125032
125033
125034
125035
125036
125037
125038
125039
125040
125041
125042
125043
125044
125045
125046
125047
125048
125049
125050
125051
125052


125053
125054
125055
125056
125057
125058
125059
125060
125061
125062
125063
125064
125065
125066
125067
125068
125069
125070
125071
125072
125073
125074
125075
125076
125077
125078
125079
125080
125081
125082
125083
125084
125085
125086
125087
125088
125089
125090
125091
125092
125093
125094
125095
125096
......
125105
125106
125107
125108
125109
125110
125111
125112
125113
125114
125115
125116
125117
125118
125119
125120
125121
125122
125123
125124
125125
125126
125127
125128
125129
125130
125131
125132
125133
......
126010
126011
126012
126013
126014
126015
126016
126017
126018
126019
126020
126021
126022
126023
126024
126025
126026
126027
126028
126029
126030
126031
126032
126033
126034
126035


126036
126037
126038
126039
126040
126041
126042
126043
126044
126045
126046
126047

126048



126049
126050
126051
126052
126053
126054
126055
126056
126057
126058
126059
126060
126061
126062
126063
126064
126065
126066
126067
126068
126069


126070
126071
126072
126073
126074
126075
126076
126077
126078
126079
......
126173
126174
126175
126176
126177
126178
126179
126180
126181
126182
126183
126184
126185
126186
126187
126188
126189
126190
126191
126192
126193
126194
126195
126196
126197
126198
126199
126200
126201
126202
126203
126204
126205
126206
126207
126208
126209
126210
126211
126212
126213
126214
126215
126216
126217
126218
126219
126220
126221
126222
126223
126224
126225
126226
126227
126228
126229
126230
126231
126232
126233
126234
126235
126236
126237
126238
126239
126240
126241
126242
126243
126244
126245
126246
126247
126248
126249
126250
126251
126252
126253
126254
126255
126256
126257
126258
126259
126260
126261
126262
126263
126264
126265
126266
126267
126268
126269
126270
126271
126272
126273
126274
126275
126276
126277
126278
126279
126280
126281
126282
126283
126284
126285
126286
126287
126288
126289
126290
126291
126292
126293
126294
126295
126296
126297
126298
126299
126300
126301
126302
126303
126304
126305
126306
126307
126308
126309
126310
126311
126312
126313
126314
126315
126316
126317
126318
126319
126320
126321
126322
126323
126324
126325
126326
126327
126328
126329
126330
126331
126332
126333
126334
126335
126336
126337
126338
126339
126340
126341
126342
126343
126344
126345
126346
126347
126348
126349
126350
126351
126352
126353
126354
126355
126356
126357
126358
126359
126360
126361
126362
126363
126364
126365
126366
126367
126368
126369
126370
126371
126372
126373
126374
126375
126376
126377
126378
126379
126380
126381
126382
126383
126384
126385
126386
126387
126388
126389
126390
126391
126392
126393
126394
126395
126396
......
126403
126404
126405
126406
126407
126408
126409
126410







126411
126412
126413
126414
126415
126416
126417


































126418
126419
126420
126421
126422
126423
126424
......
126435
126436
126437
126438
126439
126440
126441

126442
126443
126444
126445
126446
126447
126448
126449
126450
126451
126452
126453
126454
126455
126456
126457
126458
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......
126690
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......
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......
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......
127286
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127298

127299
127300
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......
127544
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127554
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......
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127590
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......
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......
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.1.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-10-14 13:21:00 1660efbe46439734c7dc1674994ceb86a9b41d1a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE           (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
*/

/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** This is the maximum number of
**
**    * Columns in a table
**    * Columns in an index
**    * Columns in a view
**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
**
** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
#endif

/*
** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
**
** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
** to turn this limit off.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
** expression.
**
** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
** at all times.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
** Not currently enforced.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
#endif

/*
** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
** is used internally to track attached databases.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
#endif


/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
**
** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
** SQLite will choose on its own.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif


/*
** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
**
** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
** max_page_count macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
#endif

/*
** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
** operator.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
#endif

/*
** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
**
** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
** may be executed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif

/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
** compiler.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
# if defined(THREADSAFE)
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
# else
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
# endif
#endif

/*
** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to 
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
**
**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
 are defined but at most one is allowed:\
 SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
 SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
#endif

/*
** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
** it.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif

/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
**
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
#else
# define testcase(X)
#endif

/*
** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
** within testcase() and assert() macros.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
#else
# define VVA_ONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
#else
# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
# define NEVER(X)       (X)
#endif

/*
** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/
#define likely(X)    (X)
#define unlikely(X)  (X)

/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantatites are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithimic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
**
** The LogEst can be negative to indicate fractional values. 
** Examples:
**
**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Only one of SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 can be defined.
** Priority is given to SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4.  If either are defined, also
** define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle. 
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
................................................................................
  int (*xWalCallback)(void *, sqlite3 *, const char *, int);
  void *pWalArg;
#endif
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*);
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*);
  void *pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_value *pErr;          /* Most recent error message */


  union {
    volatile int isInterrupted; /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
    double notUsed1;            /* Spacer */
  } u1;
  Lookaside lookaside;          /* Lookaside malloc configuration */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AdjustOutEst   0x1000   /* Adjust output estimates using WHERE */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** Each SQL function is defined by an instance of the following
** structure.  A pointer to this structure is stored in the sqlite.aFunc
** hash table.  When multiple functions have the same name, the hash table
** points to a linked list of these structures.
*/
struct FuncDef {
  i16 nArg;            /* Number of arguments.  -1 means unlimited */

  u16 funcFlags;       /* Some combination of SQLITE_FUNC_* */
  void *pUserData;     /* User data parameter */
  FuncDef *pNext;      /* Next function with same name */
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Regular function */
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Aggregate step */
  void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*);                /* Aggregate finalizer */
  char *zName;         /* SQL name of the function. */
  FuncDef *pHash;      /* Next with a different name but the same hash */
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */


#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */

/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     that accepts nArg arguments and is implemented by a call to C 
**     function likeFunc. Argument pArg is cast to a (void *) and made
**     available as the function user-data (sqlite3_user_data()). The
**     FuncDef.flags variable is set to the value passed as the flags
**     parameter.
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags, \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|flags, (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}

/*
** All current savepoints are stored in a linked list starting at
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of this column.  INT==1 */
  u8 colFlags;     /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  10  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
  int n;            /* Size of record in bytes */





  tRowcnt *anEq;    /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt *anLt;    /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;   /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u32 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT, CASE, FUNCTION, BETWEEN */
    Select *pSelect;     /* EP_xIsSelect and op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  1000 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */

  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin  0x000001 /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg       0x000002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved  0x000004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error     0x000008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct  0x000010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect 0x000020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted 0x000040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc 0x000080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate   0x000100 /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest 0x000200 /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue  0x000400 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect 0x000800 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprHasAllProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/* The ExprSetVVAProperty() macro is used for Verification, Validation,
** and Accreditation only.  It works like ExprSetProperty() during VVA
** processes but is a no-op for delivery.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)  (E)->flags|=(P)
#else
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)
#endif






/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */
  int bVarOnly;       /* Check for variable references only */
  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst,LogEst);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst);

/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const Token sqlite3IntTokens[];
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, u8*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is 
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkCheck(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDropTable(Parse*, SrcList *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkActions(Parse*, Table*, ExprList*, int, int*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkRequired(Parse*, Table*, int*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3FkOldmask(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   FKey *sqlite3FkReferences(Table *);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d,e,f)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)          0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d,e,f) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
................................................................................
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
................................................................................

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  p->iJD = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
** is available.  This routine returns 0 on success and
** non-zero on any kind of error.
**
** If the sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault variable is true then this
** routine will always fail.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-62172-00036 In this implementation, the standard C
** library function localtime_r() is used to assist in the calculation of
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) \
      && (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S)
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the contents of sLocal to avoid a compiler warning. */
  memset(&sLocal, 0, sizeof(sLocal));

  x = *p;
  computeYMD_HMS(&x);
  if( x.Y<1971 || x.Y>=2038 ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55269-29598 The localtime_r() C function normally only
    ** works for years between 1970 and 2037. For dates outside this range,
    ** SQLite attempts to map the year into an equivalent year within this
    ** range, do the calculation, then map the year back.
    */
    x.Y = 2000;
    x.M = 1;
    x.D = 1;
    x.h = 0;
    x.m = 0;
    x.s = 0.0;
  } else {
................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
................................................................................
*/
static int sqlite3MemSize(void *p){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  if( !p ){
    return 0;
  }
  pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
  return (int)pHdr->iSize;
}

/*
** Initialize the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
................................................................................
** to clear the content of a freed allocation to unpredictable values.
*/
static void randomFill(char *pBuf, int nByte){
  unsigned int x, y, r;
  x = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pBuf);
  y = nByte | 1;
  while( nByte >= 4 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(int)(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(int*)pBuf = r;
    pBuf += 4;
    nByte -= 4;
  }
  while( nByte-- > 0 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(int)(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(pBuf++) = r & 0xff;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
  }else{
    assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
    mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
  }
  z = (char*)pBt;
  z -= pHdr->nTitle;
  adjustStats((int)pHdr->iSize, -1);
  randomFill(z, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
                (int)pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
  free(z);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);  
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
**
................................................................................
  struct MemBlockHdr *pOldHdr;
  void *pNew;
  assert( mem.disallow==0 );
  assert( (nByte & 7)==0 );     /* EV: R-46199-30249 */
  pOldHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
  pNew = sqlite3MemMalloc(nByte);
  if( pNew ){
    memcpy(pNew, pPrior, (int)(nByte<pOldHdr->iSize ? nByte : pOldHdr->iSize));
    if( nByte>pOldHdr->iSize ){
      randomFill(&((char*)pNew)[pOldHdr->iSize], nByte - (int)pOldHdr->iSize);
    }
    sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSync(){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
    void **pBt = (void**)pHdr;
    pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
    mem.xBacktrace((int)pHdr->iSize, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &pBt[1]);
  }
}

/*
** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory 
** allocations into that log.
*/
................................................................................
      OSVERSIONINFO sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      GetVersionEx(&sInfo);
      osType = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return osType==2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
};
static int winMutex_isInit = 0;
/* As winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize and sqlite3_shutdown()
** processing, the "interlocked" magic is probably not
** strictly necessary.
*/
static LONG winMutex_lock = 0;

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){ 
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
................................................................................

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
................................................................................
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}



























/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
** in pZ.  nChar must be non-negative.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *zIn, int nChar){
  int c;
................................................................................
  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0;; i++){
    assert( z[i] );
    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two LogEst values.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because LogEst is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst a, LogEst b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a LogEst.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64 x){
  static LogEst a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  LogEst y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double into a LogEst
** In other words, compute an approximation for 10*log2(x).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  LogEst e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return sqlite3LogEst((u64)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Convert a LogEst into an integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  unsigned short int ctrlFlags;       /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int nFetchOut;                      /* Number of outstanding xFetch refs */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSize;             /* Usable size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeActual;       /* Actual size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeMax;          /* Configured FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE value */
  void *pMapRegion;                   /* Memory mapped region */
#endif
#ifdef __QNXNTO__
  int sectorSize;                     /* Device sector size */
  int deviceCharacteristics;          /* Precomputed device characteristics */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  { "mmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mmap,     0 },
#define osMmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,int,int,int,off_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

  { "munmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)munmap,          0 },
#define osMunmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t))aSyscall[22].pCurrent)

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)
#endif

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Do not accept any file descriptor less than this value, in order to avoid
** opening database file using file descriptors that are commonly used for 
** standard input, output, and error.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MINIMUM_FILE_DESCRIPTOR
# define SQLITE_MINIMUM_FILE_DESCRIPTOR 3
#endif

/*
** Invoke open().  Do so multiple times, until it either succeeds or
** fails for some reason other than EINTR.
**
** If the file creation mode "m" is 0 then set it to the default for
** SQLite.  The default is SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS (normally
** 0644) as modified by the system umask.  If m is not 0, then
................................................................................
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;
  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  while(1){
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
    if( fd<0 ){
      if( errno==EINTR ) continue;
      break;
    }
    if( fd>=SQLITE_MINIMUM_FILE_DESCRIPTOR ) break;
    osClose(fd);
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING, 
                "attempt to open \"%s\" as file descriptor %d", z, fd);
    fd = -1;
    if( osOpen("/dev/null", f, m)<0 ) break;
  }
  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){
      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 
       && statbuf.st_size==0
       && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m 
      ){
................................................................................
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );
  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);
#endif

/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  unixUnmapfile(pFile);
#endif
  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  assert( id->h>2 );
  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
................................................................................
  const void *pBuf,               /* Copy data from this buffer to the file */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of buffer pBuf in bytes */
  int *piErrno                    /* OUT: Error number if error occurs */
){
  int rc = 0;                     /* Value returned by system call */

  assert( nBuf==(nBuf&0x1ffff) );
  assert( fd>2 );
  nBuf &= 0x1ffff;
  TIMER_START;

#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ rc = osPwrite(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff); }while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ rc = osPwrite64(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff);}while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR);
................................................................................
    ** source.
    */
    if( pFile->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      pFile->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    /* If the file was just truncated to a size smaller than the currently
    ** mapped region, reduce the effective mapping size as well. SQLite will
    ** use read() and write() to access data beyond this point from now on.  
    */
    if( nByte<pFile->mmapSize ){
      pFile->mmapSize = nByte;
    }
#endif

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
................................................................................
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
        iWrite += nBlk;
      }
#endif
    }
  }

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
    int rc;
    if( pFile->szChunk<=0 ){
      if( robust_ftruncate(pFile->h, nByte) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, "ftruncate", pFile->zPath);
      }
    }

    rc = unixMapfile(pFile, nByte);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If *pArg is inititially negative then this is a query.  Set *pArg to
** 1 or 0 depending on whether or not bit mask of pFile->ctrlFlags is set.
................................................................................
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
................................................................................
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          unixUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = unixMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
#else
# define unixShmMap     0
# define unixShmLock    0
# define unixShmBarrier 0
# define unixShmUnmap   0
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** If it is currently memory mapped, unmap file pFd.
*/
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd){
  assert( pFd->nFetchOut==0 );

  if( pFd->pMapRegion ){
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }

}


/*
** Return the system page size.
*/
static int unixGetPagesize(void){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  return 512;
#elif defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}



/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
    ** will probably fail too. Fall back to using xRead/xWrite exclusively
    ** in this case.  */
    pFd->mmapSizeMax = 0;
  }
  pFd->pMapRegion = (void *)pNew;
  pFd->mmapSize = pFd->mmapSizeActual = nNew;
}


/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if 
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still 
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
................................................................................
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_LIMIT, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte){

  i64 nMap = nByte;
  int rc;

  assert( nMap>=0 || pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
  if( pFd->nFetchOut>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( nMap<0 ){
................................................................................
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    if( nMap>0 ){
      unixRemapfile(pFd, nMap);
    }else{
      unixUnmapfile(pFd);
    }
  }


  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

/*
** If possible, return a pointer to a mapping of file fd starting at offset
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping 
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int unixUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
  unixFile *pFd = (unixFile *)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(iOff);

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding 
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );
................................................................................
  if( p ){
    pFd->nFetchOut--;
  }else{
    unixUnmapfile(pFd);
  }

  assert( pFd->nFetchOut>=0 );
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Here ends the implementation of all sqlite3_file methods.
**
********************** End sqlite3_file Methods *******************************
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
#endif
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return the name of a directory in which to put temporary files.
** If no suitable temporary file directory can be found, return NULL.
*/
static const char *unixTempFileDir(void){
  static const char *azDirs[] = {
     0,
     0,
     0,
     "/var/tmp",
     "/usr/tmp",
     "/tmp",
     0        /* List terminator */
  };
  unsigned int i;
  struct stat buf;
  const char *zDir = 0;

  azDirs[0] = sqlite3_temp_directory;
  if( !azDirs[1] ) azDirs[1] = getenv("SQLITE_TMPDIR");
  if( !azDirs[2] ) azDirs[2] = getenv("TMPDIR");
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(azDirs)/sizeof(azDirs[0]); zDir=azDirs[i++]){
    if( zDir==0 ) continue;
    if( osStat(zDir, &buf) ) continue;
    if( !S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode) ) continue;
    if( osAccess(zDir, 07) ) continue;
    break;
  }
................................................................................
**
** This file contains code that is specific to Windows.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN               /* This file is used for Windows only */

#ifdef __CYGWIN__
# include <sys/cygwin.h>
# include <errno.h> /* amalgamator: keep */
#endif

/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_win.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
................................................................................
/************** Continuing where we left off in os_win.c *********************/

/*
** Compiling and using WAL mode requires several APIs that are only
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
#  error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_ANSI)
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 Unicode APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINNT || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && \
    !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_WIDE)
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE
#endif

/*
** Make sure at least one set of Win32 APIs is available.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
#  error "At least one of SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI and SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE\
 must be defined."
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for Win32.  This should normally be
** MAX_PATH.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (MAX_PATH)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (32767)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for Win32.  The MAX_PATH macro is in
** characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case of
** 4-bytes-per-character for UTF8.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES   (SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS*4)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767 * sizeof(WCHAR).
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES   \
                            (sizeof(WCHAR) * SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS)
#endif

/*
** Maximum error message length (in chars) for WinRT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS (1024)
#endif

/*
** Returns non-zero if the character should be treated as a directory
** separator.
*/
#ifndef winIsDirSep
#  define winIsDirSep(a)                (((a) == '/') || ((a) == '\\'))
#endif

/*
** This macro is used when a local variable is set to a value that is
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x) (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the string that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirDep
#  ifdef __CYGWIN__
#    define winGetDirDep()              "/"
#  else
#    define winGetDirDep()              "\\"
#  endif
#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
/*
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK
# define FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK     (0x0003FFF7)
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Forward references to structures used for WAL */
typedef struct winShm winShm;           /* A connection to shared-memory */
typedef struct winShmNode winShmNode;   /* A region of shared-memory */
#endif

/*
** WinCE lacks native support for file locking so we have to fake it
** with some code of our own.
................................................................................
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && \
      defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
static int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

................................................................................
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExA,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExW,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExW ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOW))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/
#ifndef NTDDI_WIN8
#  define NTDDI_WIN8                        0x06020000
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){
#if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WIN8
      OSVERSIONINFOW sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExW(&sInfo);
#else
      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
#endif
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapAlloc %u bytes (%lu), heap=%p",
                nBytes, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Free memory.
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) );
#endif
  if( !pPrior ) return; /* Passing NULL to HeapFree is undefined. */
  if( !osHeapFree(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior) ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapFree block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                pPrior, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
  }
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
................................................................................
  assert( nBytes>=0 );
  if( !pPrior ){
    p = osHeapAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }else{
    p = osHeapReAlloc(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, pPrior, (SIZE_T)nBytes);
  }
  if( !p ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to %s %u bytes (%lu), heap=%p",
                pPrior ? "HeapReAlloc" : "HeapAlloc", nBytes, osGetLastError(),
                (void*)hHeap);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
................................................................................
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
  }
  return (int)n;
}

/*
................................................................................
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
          "failed to HeapCreate (%lu), flags=%u, initSize=%u, maxSize=%u",
          osGetLastError(), SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
          SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pWinMemData->bOwned = TRUE;
    assert( pWinMemData->bOwned );
  }
#else
  pWinMemData->hHeap = osGetProcessHeap();
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM,
        "failed to GetProcessHeap (%lu)", osGetLastError());
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
  assert( !pWinMemData->bOwned );
#endif
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=0 );
  assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
................................................................................
  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapDestroy (%lu), heap=%p",
                    osGetLastError(), (void*)pWinMemData->hHeap);
      }
      pWinMemData->bOwned = FALSE;
    }
    pWinMemData->hHeap = NULL;
  }
}
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?). 
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winUtf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

  nChar = osMultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL, 0);
  if( nChar==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  return zWideFilename;
}

/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to UTF-8.  Space to hold the returned string is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *winUnicodeToUtf8(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
** 
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winMbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osMultiByteToWideChar(codepage, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL,
                                0)*sizeof(WCHAR);
  if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to multi-byte character string, based on the
** user's ANSI codepage.
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *winUnicodeToMbcs(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(codepage, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
** Convert multibyte character string to UTF-8.  Space to hold the
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameUtf8;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winMbcsToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the 
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameMbcs = winUnicodeToMbcs(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameMbcs;
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
................................................................................
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zValueUtf8 = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zValueUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zValue);
      if ( zValueUtf8==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zValueUtf8;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** The return value of winGetLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int winGetLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  /* FormatMessage returns 0 on failure.  Otherwise it
  ** returns the number of TCHARs written to the output
  ** buffer, excluding the terminating null char.
  */
  DWORD dwLen = 0;
  char *zOut = 0;

  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    WCHAR zTempWide[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS+1];
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
                             lastErrno,
                             0,
                             zTempWide,
                             SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS,
                             0);
#else
    LPWSTR zTempWide = NULL;
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
................................................................................
                             (LPWSTR) &zTempWide,
                             0,
                             0);
#endif
    if( dwLen > 0 ){
      /* allocate a buffer and convert to UTF8 */
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      zOut = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTempWide);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      /* free the system buffer allocated by FormatMessage */
      osLocalFree(zTempWide);
#endif
    }
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,              /* File path associated with error */
  int iLine                       /* Source line number where error occurred */
){
  char zMsg[500];                 /* Human readable error text */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  zMsg[0] = 0;
  winGetLastErrorMsg(lastErrno, sizeof(zMsg), zMsg);
  assert( errcode!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( zPath==0 ) zPath = "";
  for(i=0; zMsg[i] && zMsg[i]!='\r' && zMsg[i]!='\n'; i++){}
  zMsg[i] = 0;
  sqlite3_log(errcode,
      "os_win.c:%d: (%lu) %s(%s) - %s",
      iLine, lastErrno, zFunc, zPath, zMsg
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY 25
#endif
static int winIoerrRetry = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY;
static int winIoerrRetryDelay = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY;

/*
** If a ReadFile() or WriteFile() error occurs, invoke this routine
** to see if it should be retried.  Return TRUE to retry.  Return FALSE
** to give up with an error.
*/
static int winRetryIoerr(int *pnRetry, DWORD *pError){
  DWORD e = osGetLastError();
  if( *pnRetry>=winIoerrRetry ){
    if( pError ){
      *pError = e;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  if( e==ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED ||
      e==ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION ||
      e==ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION ){
    sqlite3_win32_sleep(winIoerrRetryDelay*(1+*pnRetry));
    ++*pnRetry;
    return 1;
  }
  if( pError ){
    *pError = e;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void winLogIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR, 
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      winIoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
................................................................................
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);


  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API LockFile.
  */
  return winceLockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                       numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( osIsNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osLockFileEx(*phFile, flags, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osLockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API UnlockFile.
  */
  return winceUnlockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                         numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( osIsNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osUnlockFileEx(*phFile, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osUnlockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int winSeekFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));
................................................................................
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winSeekFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#else
................................................................................

  x.QuadPart = iOffset;
  bRet = osSetFilePointerEx(pFile->h, x, 0, FILE_BEGIN);

  if(!bRet){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winSeekFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#endif
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/* Forward references to VFS helper methods used for memory mapped files */
static int winMapfile(winFile*, sqlite3_int64);
static int winUnmapfile(winFile*);
#endif

/*
** Close a file.
**
** It is reported that an attempt to close a handle might sometimes
................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
  overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, &overlapped) &&
         osGetLastError()!=ERROR_HANDLE_EOF ){
#endif
    DWORD lastErrno;
    if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_READ, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winRead", pFile->zPath);
  }
  winLogIoerr(nRetry);
  if( nRead<(DWORD)amt ){
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[nRead], 0, amt-nRead);
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }

................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rc = winSeekFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
................................................................................

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    if(   ( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL )
       || ( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_DISK_FULL )){
      OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_FULL, pFile->lastErrno,
                         "winWrite1", pFile->zPath);
    }
    OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winWrite2", pFile->zPath);
  }else{
    winLogIoerr(nRetry);
  }
  OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
................................................................................
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk>0 ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  /* SetEndOfFile() returns non-zero when successful, or zero when it fails. */
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, nByte) ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate1", pFile->zPath);
  }else if( 0==osSetEndOfFile(pFile->h) &&
            ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_USER_MAPPED_FILE) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate2", pFile->zPath);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif

  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
  ** no-op
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  OSTRACE(("SYNC-NOP file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  rc = osFlushFileBuffers(pFile->h);
  SimulateIOError( rc=FALSE );
  if( rc ){
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winSync", pFile->zPath);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
*/
................................................................................

    lowerBits = osGetFileSize(pFile->h, &upperBits);
    *pSize = (((sqlite3_int64)upperBits)<<32) + lowerBits;
    if(   (lowerBits == INVALID_FILE_SIZE)
       && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winFileSize", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("SIZE file=%p, pSize=%p, *pSize=%lld, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pSize, *pSize, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Acquire a reader lock.
** Different API routines are called depending on whether or not this
** is Win9x or WinNT.
*/
static int winGetReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    /*
    ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
    **       API LockFileEx.
    */
    res = winceLockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, 1, 0);
#else
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int winUnlockReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( osIsNT() ){
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST+pFile->sharedLockByte, 0, 1, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( res==0 && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_NOT_LOCKED) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winUnlockReadLock", pFile->zPath);
  }
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = winGetReadLock(pFile);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    }
  }

................................................................................
    gotPendingLock = 0;
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = winUnlockReadLock(pFile);
    res = winLockFile(&pFile->h, SQLITE_LOCKFILE_FLAGS, SHARED_FIRST, 0,
                      SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winGetReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{


    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    OSTRACE(("LOCK-FAIL file=%p, wanted=%d, got=%d\n",
             pFile->h, locktype, newLocktype));
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  OSTRACE(("LOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, oldLock=%d(%d), newLock=%d\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte, locktype));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !winGetReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, osGetLastError(),
                       "winUnlock", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockReadLock(pFile);
  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)locktype;
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
................................................................................
  }else if( (*pArg)==0 ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~mask;
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward references to VFS helper methods used for temporary files */
static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *, char **);
static int winIsDir(const void *);
static BOOL winIsDriveLetterAndColon(const char *);


/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, op=%d, pArg=%p\n", pFile->h, op, pArg));
................................................................................
      *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("win32");
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetry = a[0];
      }else{
        a[0] = winIoerrRetry;
      }
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = winIoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {

      char *zTFile = 0;
      int rc = winGetTempname(pFile->pVfs, &zTFile);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................
      if( newLimit>=0 && newLimit!=pFile->mmapSizeMax && pFile->nFetchOut==0 ){
        pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          (void)winUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = winMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
#endif
  }
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_NOTFOUND\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
}
................................................................................
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void winShmPurge(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int deleteFlag){
  winShmNode **pp;
  winShmNode *p;

  assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
  OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid=%lu, deleteFlag=%d\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), deleteFlag));
  pp = &winShmNodeList;
  while( (p = *pp)!=0 ){
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      int i;
      if( p->mutex ) sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
      for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i++){
        BOOL bRc = osUnmapViewOfFile(p->aRegion[i].pMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-UNMAP pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(bRc);
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE-CLOSE pid=%lu, region=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), i, bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(bRc);
      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
................................................................................
    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
    */
    if( winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, osGetLastError(),
                         "winOpenShm", pDbFd->zPath);
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_UNLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1);
      rc = winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_RDLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1);
    }
    if( rc ) goto shm_open_err;
................................................................................
    /* The requested region is not mapped into this processes address space.
    ** Check to see if it has been allocated (i.e. if the wal-index file is
    ** large enough to contain the requested region).
    */
    rc = winFileSize((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, &sz);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE, osGetLastError(),
                       "winShmMap1", pDbFd->zPath);
      goto shmpage_out;
    }

    if( sz<nByte ){
      /* The requested memory region does not exist. If isWrite is set to
      ** zero, exit early. *pp will be set to NULL and SQLITE_OK returned.
      **
................................................................................
      ** Alternatively, if isWrite is non-zero, use ftruncate() to allocate
      ** the requested memory region.
      */
      if( !isWrite ) goto shmpage_out;
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, nByte);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE, osGetLastError(),
                         "winShmMap2", pDbFd->zPath);
        goto shmpage_out;
      }
    }

    /* Map the requested memory region into this processes address space. */
    apNew = (struct ShmRegion *)sqlite3_realloc(
        pShmNode->aRegion, (iRegion+1)*sizeof(apNew[0])
................................................................................
        OSTRACE(("SHM-MAP-MAP pid=%lu, region=%d, offset=%d, size=%d, rc=%s\n",
                 osGetCurrentProcessId(), pShmNode->nRegion, iOffset,
                 szRegion, pMap ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( !pMap ){
        pShmNode->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, pShmNode->lastErrno,
                         "winShmMap3", pDbFd->zPath);
        if( hMap ) osCloseHandle(hMap);
        goto shmpage_out;
      }

      pShmNode->aRegion[pShmNode->nRegion].pMap = pMap;
      pShmNode->aRegion[pShmNode->nRegion].hMap = hMap;
      pShmNode->nRegion++;
................................................................................
  if( pFile->pMapRegion ){
    if( !osUnmapViewOfFile(pFile->pMapRegion) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, pMapRegion=%p, "
               "rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n", osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile,
               pFile->pMapRegion));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFile->lastErrno,
                         "winUnmapfile1", pFile->zPath);
    }
    pFile->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFile->mmapSize = 0;
    pFile->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
  if( pFile->hMap!=NULL ){
    if( !osCloseHandle(pFile->hMap) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, hMap=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile, pFile->hMap));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFile->lastErrno,
                         "winUnmapfile2", pFile->zPath);
    }
    pFile->hMap = NULL;
  }
  OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    pFd->hMap = osCreateFileMappingA(pFd->h, NULL, protect,
                                (DWORD)((nMap>>32) & 0xffffffff),
                                (DWORD)(nMap & 0xffffffff), NULL);
#endif
    if( pFd->hMap==NULL ){
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
                       "winMapfile1", pFd->zPath);
      /* Log the error, but continue normal operation using xRead/xWrite */
      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-CREATE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=%s\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    assert( (nMap % winSysInfo.dwPageSize)==0 );
    assert( sizeof(SIZE_T)==sizeof(sqlite3_int64) || nMap<=0xffffffff );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    pNew = osMapViewOfFileFromApp(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#else
    pNew = osMapViewOfFile(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#endif
    if( pNew==NULL ){
      osCloseHandle(pFd->hMap);
      pFd->hMap = NULL;
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
                       "winMapfile2", pFd->zPath);
      /* Log the error, but continue normal operation using xRead/xWrite */
      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-MAP pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=%s\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    pFd->pMapRegion = pNew;
    pFd->mmapSize = nMap;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = nMap;
  }

................................................................................
/****************************************************************************
**************************** sqlite3_vfs methods ****************************
**
** This division contains the implementation of methods on the
** sqlite3_vfs object.
*/

#if 0
/*
** Convert a filename from whatever the underlying operating system
** supports for filenames into UTF-8.  Space to hold the result is
** obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling function.
*/
static char *winConvertToUtf8Filename(const void *zFilename){
  char *zConverted = 0;
  if( osIsNT() ){
    zConverted = winUnicodeToUtf8(zFilename);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}
#endif

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
static void *winConvertFromUtf8Filename(const char *zFilename){
  void *zConverted = 0;
  if( osIsNT() ){
    zConverted = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** This function returns non-zero if the specified UTF-8 string buffer
** ends with a directory separator character.

*/
static int winEndsInDirSep(char *zBuf){
  if( zBuf ){
    int nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
    return nLen>0 && winIsDirSep(zBuf[nLen-1]);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a temporary file name and store the resulting pointer into pzBuf.

** The pointer returned in pzBuf must be freed via sqlite3_free().
*/

static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, char **pzBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nBuf, nLen;
  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nBuf = pVfs->mxPathname;
  zBuf = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf+2 );
  if( !zBuf ){
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Figure out the effective temporary directory.  First, check if one
  ** has been explicitly set by the application; otherwise, use the one
  ** configured by the operating system.
  */
  assert( nBuf>30 );
  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){

    sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s%s", sqlite3_temp_directory,
                     winEndsInDirSep(sqlite3_temp_directory) ? "" :
                     winGetDirDep());
  }
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else{
    static const char *azDirs[] = {
       0, /* getenv("SQLITE_TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMP") */
       0, /* getenv("TEMP") */
       0, /* getenv("USERPROFILE") */
       "/var/tmp",
       "/usr/tmp",
       "/tmp",
       ".",
       0        /* List terminator */
    };
    unsigned int i;
    const char *zDir = 0;

    if( !azDirs[0] ) azDirs[0] = getenv("SQLITE_TMPDIR");
    if( !azDirs[1] ) azDirs[1] = getenv("TMPDIR");
    if( !azDirs[2] ) azDirs[2] = getenv("TMP");
    if( !azDirs[3] ) azDirs[3] = getenv("TEMP");
    if( !azDirs[4] ) azDirs[4] = getenv("USERPROFILE");
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(azDirs)/sizeof(azDirs[0]); zDir=azDirs[i++]){
      void *zConverted;
      if( zDir==0 ) continue;
      /* If the path starts with a drive letter followed by the colon
      ** character, assume it is already a native Win32 path; otherwise,
      ** it must be converted to a native Win32 path prior via the Cygwin
      ** API prior to using it.
      */
      if( winIsDriveLetterAndColon(zDir) ){
        zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zDir);
        if( !zConverted ){
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zDir);
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          break;
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }else{
        zConverted = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf+1 );
        if( !zConverted ){
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( cygwin_conv_path(
                osIsNT() ? CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_W : CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zDir,
                zConverted, nBuf+1)<0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH\n"));
          return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                             "winGetTempname1", zDir);
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          /* At this point, we know the candidate directory exists and should
          ** be used.  However, we may need to convert the string containing
          ** its name into UTF-8 (i.e. if it is UTF-16 right now).
          */
          if( osIsNT() ){
            char *zUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zConverted);
            if( !zUtf8 ){
              sqlite3_free(zConverted);
              OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
              return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
            }
            sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }else{
            sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zConverted);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }
      break;
    }
  }
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else if( osIsNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    LPWSTR zWidePath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf*sizeof(WCHAR) );
    if( !zWidePath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathW(nBuf, zWidePath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname1", 0);
    }
    zMulti = winUnicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){

      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char *zMbcsPath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf );
    if( !zMbcsPath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathA(nBuf, zMbcsPath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname2", 0);
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }








#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */








#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);

  if( (nLen + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));

    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname3", 0);
  }


  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-18-nLen, zBuf+nLen, SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);




  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  zBuf[j+1] = 0;
  *pzBuf = zBuf;

  OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME name=%s, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", zBuf));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the named file is really a directory.  Return false if
................................................................................
** allocation failure.
*/
static int winIsDir(const void *zConverted){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno;

  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard,
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( !rc ){
      return 0; /* Invalid name? */
    }
    attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
................................................................................
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}

/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path name length */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char *zTmpname = 0; /* For temporary filename, if necessary. */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !zUtf8Name && !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert( isDelete && !isOpenJournal );
    rc = winGetTempname(pVfs, &zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

  /* Database filenames are double-zero terminated if they are not
  ** URIs with parameters.  Hence, they can always be passed into
  ** sqlite3_uri_parameter().
  */
  assert( (eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) || (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_URI) ||
       zUtf8Name[sqlite3Strlen30(zUtf8Name)+1]==0 );

  /* Convert the filename to the system encoding. */
  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zUtf8Name);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR;
  }

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS extendedParameters;
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#else
    while( (h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN-CE-LOCK name=%s, rc=%s\n", zName, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( isReadonly ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_RDONLY;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    do {
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileW(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileA(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#endif
  if( rc && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, lastErrno, "winDelete", zFilename);

  }else{
    winLogIoerr(cnt);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=%s\n", zFilename, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      winLogIoerr(cnt);
      if( lastErrno!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND && lastErrno!=ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){

        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
        return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, lastErrno, "winAccess",
                           zFilename);
      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, pResOut=%p, *pResOut=%d, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           zFilename, pResOut, *pResOut));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Returns non-zero if the specified path name starts with a drive letter
** followed by a colon character.
*/
static BOOL winIsDriveLetterAndColon(
  const char *zPathname
){
  return ( sqlite3Isalpha(zPathname[0]) && zPathname[1]==':' );
}

/*
** Returns non-zero if the specified path name should be used verbatim.  If
** non-zero is returned from this function, the calling function must simply
** use the provided path name verbatim -OR- resolve it into a full path name
** using the GetFullPathName Win32 API function (if available).
*/
................................................................................
  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a forward slash or a backslash, it is either
  ** a legal UNC name, a volume relative path, or an absolute path name in the
  ** "Unix" format on Windows.  There is no easy way to differentiate between
  ** the final two cases; therefore, we return the safer return value of TRUE
  ** so that callers of this function will simply use it verbatim.
  */
  if ( winIsDirSep(zPathname[0]) ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a letter and a colon it is either a volume
  ** relative path or an absolute path.  Callers of this function must not
  ** attempt to treat it as a relative path name (i.e. they should simply use
  ** it verbatim).
  */
  if ( winIsDriveLetterAndColon(zPathname) ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If we get to this point, the path name should almost certainly be a purely
  ** relative one (i.e. not a UNC name, not absolute, and not volume relative).
  */
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);

  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char *zOut = sqlite3MallocZero( pVfs->mxPathname+1 );
    if( !zOut ){
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,

                         pVfs->mxPathname+1)<0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zOut);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname1", zRelative);

    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zOut);
    sqlite3_free(zOut);
  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname2", zRelative);

    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  DWORD nByte;
  void *zConverted;
  char *zOut;

  /* If this path name begins with "/X:", where "X" is any alphabetic
  ** character, discard the initial "/" from the pathname.
  */
  if( zRelative[0]=='/' && winIsDriveLetterAndColon(zRelative+1) ){
    zRelative++;
  }

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. This function could fail if, for example, the
  ** current working directory has been unlinked.
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    LPWSTR zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){


      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winFullPathname1", zRelative);
    }
    nByte += 3;
    zTemp = sqlite3MallocZero( nByte*sizeof(zTemp[0]) );
    if( zTemp==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, nByte, zTemp, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){


      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winFullPathname2", zRelative);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){


      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winFullPathname3", zRelative);
    }
    nByte += 3;
    zTemp = sqlite3MallocZero( nByte*sizeof(zTemp[0]) );
    if( zTemp==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, nByte, zTemp, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){


      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winFullPathname4", zRelative);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#endif
  if( zOut ){
................................................................................
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
................................................................................
**
** However if an error message is supplied, it will be incorporated
** by sqlite into the error message available to the user using
** sqlite3_errmsg(), possibly making IO errors easier to debug.
*/
static int winGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBuf);
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  static sqlite3_vfs winLongPathVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32-longpath",    /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
    winDlOpen,           /* xDlOpen */
    winDlError,          /* xDlError */
    winDlSym,            /* xDlSym */
    winDlClose,          /* xDlClose */
    winRandomness,       /* xRandomness */
    winSleep,            /* xSleep */
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==75 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#endif
  assert( winSysInfo.dwAllocationGranularity>0 );
  assert( winSysInfo.dwPageSize>0 );

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winLongPathVfs, 0);
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){ 
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
................................................................................
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  (1 means 65536)
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction (must be 64)
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction (must be 32)
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction (must be 32)
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     Application-ID
**     72      20     unused
**     92       4     The version-valid-for number
**     96       4     SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE || IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
** valueNew(). See comments above valueNew() for details.
*/
struct ValueNewStat4Ctx {
  Parse *pParse;
  Index *pIdx;
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec;
  int iVal;
};

/*
** Allocate and return a pointer to a new sqlite3_value object. If
** the second argument to this function is NULL, the object is allocated
** by calling sqlite3ValueNew().
**






** Otherwise, if the second argument is non-zero, then this function is 
** being called indirectly by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). If it has not
** already been allocated, allocate the UnpackedRecord structure that 
** that function will return to its caller here. Then return a pointer 
** an sqlite3_value within the UnpackedRecord.a[] array.
*/
static sqlite3_value *valueNew(sqlite3 *db, struct ValueNewStat4Ctx *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( p ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = p->ppRec[0];

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn+1; /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + sizeof(UnpackedRecord);
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1==nCol );
          pRec->pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(db);
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)&pRec[1];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
      if( pRec==0 ) return 0;
      p->ppRec[0] = pRec;
    }
  
    pRec->nField = p->iVal+1;
    return &pRec->aMem[p->iVal];
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4) */
  return sqlite3ValueNew(db);
}

/*
** Extract a value from the supplied expression in the manner described
** above sqlite3ValueFromExpr(). Allocate the sqlite3_value object
** using valueNew().
**
** If pCtx is NULL and an error occurs after the sqlite3_value object
** has been allocated, it is freed before returning. Or, if pCtx is not
** NULL, it is assumed that the caller will free any allocated object
** in all cases.
*/
static int valueFromExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                         /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal,          /* Write the new value here */
  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx *pCtx   /* Second argument for valueNew() */
){
  int op;
  char *zVal = 0;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int negInt = 1;
  const char *zNeg = "";
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    op = pExpr->op;
    negInt = -1;
    zNeg = "-";
  }

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
................................................................................
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( pCtx==0 ) sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);

#else
  assert( pCtx==0 ); sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
#endif
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object, containing the value of pExpr.
**
** This only works for very simple expressions that consist of one constant
** token (i.e. "5", "5.1", "'a string'"). If the expression can
** be converted directly into a value, then the value is allocated and
** a pointer written to *ppVal. The caller is responsible for deallocating
** the value by passing it to sqlite3ValueFree() later on. If the expression
** cannot be converted to a value, then *ppVal is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,              /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                   /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,              /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal     /* Write the new value here */
){
  return valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, enc, affinity, ppVal, 0);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** The implementation of the sqlite_record() function. This function accepts
** a single argument of any type. The return value is a formatted database 
** record (a blob) containing the argument value.
**
** This is used to convert the value stored in the 'sample' column of the
** sqlite_stat3 table to the record format SQLite uses internally.
*/
static void recordFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const int file_format = 1;
  int iSerial;                    /* Serial type */
  int nSerial;                    /* Bytes of space for iSerial as varint */
  int nVal;                       /* Bytes of space required for argv[0] */
  int nRet;
  sqlite3 *db;
  u8 *aRet;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
  iSerial = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(argv[0], file_format);
  nSerial = sqlite3VarintLen(iSerial);
  nVal = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(iSerial);
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
  if( aRet==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    aRet[0] = nSerial+1;
    sqlite3PutVarint(&aRet[1], iSerial);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&aRet[1+nSerial], nVal, argv[0], file_format);
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, aRet, nRet, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aRet);
  }
}

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help read ANALYZE data.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aAnalyzeTableFuncs[] = {
    FUNCTION(sqlite_record,   1, 0, 0, recordFunc),
  };
  int i;
  FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
  FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aAnalyzeTableFuncs);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aAnalyzeTableFuncs); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
}

/*
** This function is used to allocate and populate UnpackedRecord 
** structures intended to be compared against sample index keys stored 
** in the sqlite_stat4 table.
**
** A single call to this function attempts to populates field iVal (leftmost 
** is 0 etc.) of the unpacked record with a value extracted from expression
** pExpr. Extraction of values is possible if:
**
**  * (pExpr==0). In this case the value is assumed to be an SQL NULL,
**
**  * The expression is a bound variable, and this is a reprepare, or
**
**  * The sqlite3ValueFromExpr() function is able to extract a value 
**    from the expression (i.e. the expression is a literal value).
**
** If a value can be extracted, the affinity passed as the 5th argument
** is applied to it before it is copied into the UnpackedRecord. Output
** parameter *pbOk is set to true if a value is extracted, or false 
** otherwise.
**
** When this function is called, *ppRec must either point to an object
** allocated by an earlier call to this function, or must be NULL. If it
** is NULL and a value can be successfully extracted, a new UnpackedRecord
** is allocated (and *ppRec set to point to it) before returning.
**
** Unless an error is encountered, SQLITE_OK is returned. It is not an
** error if a value cannot be extracted from pExpr. If an error does
** occur, an SQLite error code is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Index being probed */
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec,         /* IN/OUT: Probe record */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;


  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;
  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
      *pbOk = 1;
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        *pbOk = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }else{
      *pbOk = 0;
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
    *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  }

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord *pRec){
  if( pRec ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1;
    Mem *aMem = pRec->aMem;
    sqlite3 *db = aMem[0].db;
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aMem[i].zMalloc);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec->pKeyInfo);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
  }
}
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 */

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(
  sqlite3_value *v,     /* Value to be set */
  int n,                /* Length of string z */
  const void *z,        /* Text of the new string */
................................................................................


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}

static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *, Op *, int);

/*
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.
................................................................................
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context *p){
  Vdbe *v = p->pVdbe;
  int rc;
  if( v->iCurrentTime==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(p->s.db->pVfs, &v->iCurrentTime);
    if( rc ) v->iCurrentTime = 0;
  }
  return v->iCurrentTime;
}

/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction
................................................................................
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
      memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
      VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  u.ab.cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( u.ab.cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag;
    u.ab.cnt--;
................................................................................
  u.ad.p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ad.n>0 && u.ad.p1>0 && u.ad.p2>0 );
  assert( u.ad.p1+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p2 || u.ad.p2+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[u.ad.p1];
  pOut = &aMem[u.ad.p2];
  while( u.ad.n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ad.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ad.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ad.p1+pOp->p3] ){
................................................................................
case OP_ResultRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.af */
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.af */
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ai */

  u.ai.n = pOp->p5;
  u.ai.apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( u.ai.apVal || u.ai.n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( u.ai.n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.ai.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+u.ai.n );
  u.ai.pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(u.ai.i=0; u.ai.i<u.ai.n; u.ai.i++, u.ai.pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
................................................................................
  ** the pointer to u.ai.ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.ai.ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.ai.ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  u.ai.ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( u.ai.ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.ai.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*u.ai.ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&u.ai.ctx, u.ai.n, u.ai.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
................................................................................
  assert( u.al.pKeyInfo!=0 );
  u.al.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.al.p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<u.al.n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+u.al.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+u.al.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(u.al.i=0; u.al.i<u.al.n; u.al.i++){
    u.al.idx = aPermute ? aPermute[u.al.i] : u.al.i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p2+u.al.idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.al.p1+u.al.idx, &aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]);
................................................................................


  u.ao.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.ao.p2 = pOp->p2;
  u.ao.pC = 0;
  memset(&u.ao.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ao.sMem));
  assert( u.ao.p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ao.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.ao.pDest);
  u.ao.zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable u.ao.payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ap */

  u.ap.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (u.ap.cAff = *(u.ap.zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, u.ap.cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  u.aq.nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  u.aq.nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  u.aq.nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p1;
  u.aq.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.aq.nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.aq.nField<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  u.aq.pData0 = &aMem[u.aq.nField];
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p2;
  u.aq.pLast = &u.aq.pData0[u.aq.nField-1];
  u.aq.file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    u.aq.i += putVarint32(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], u.aq.serial_type);      /* serial type */
  }
  for(u.aq.pRec=u.aq.pData0; u.aq.pRec<=u.aq.pLast; u.aq.pRec++){  /* serial data */
    u.aq.i += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], (int)(u.aq.nByte-u.aq.i), u.aq.pRec,u.aq.file_format);
  }
  assert( u.aq.i==u.aq.nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)u.aq.nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( u.aq.nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = u.aq.nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = u.ay.pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    u.ay.wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( u.ay.p2>0 );
    assert( u.ay.p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[u.ay.p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    u.ay.p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The u.ay.p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the u.ay.p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
  i64 R;                             /* Rowid stored in register P3 */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bf */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.bf.aMx = &aMem[pOp->p4.i];
  /* Assert that the values of parameters P1 and P4 are in range. */
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( pOp->p4.i>0 && pOp->p4.i<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  /* Find the index cursor. */
  u.bf.pCx = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bf.pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
  u.bf.pCx->seekResult = 0;
  u.bf.pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(u.bh.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.bh.pFrame->pParent; u.bh.pFrame=u.bh.pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=u.bh.pFrame->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &u.bh.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
          u.bh.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, u.bh.pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(u.bh.pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bh.pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.bh.pMem);
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bt */

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bt.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bt.pC!=0 );
  u.bt.pCrsr = u.bt.pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(u.bt.pCrsr!=0) ){
    u.bt.r.pKeyInfo = u.bt.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bt.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
................................................................................
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1!=1 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ca.j=0; u.ca.j<u.ca.nRoot; u.ca.j++){
    u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[u.ca.j]);
  }
................................................................................
  for(u.cg.i=0; u.cg.i<u.cg.n; u.cg.i++, u.cg.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.cg.pRec) );
    u.cg.apVal[u.cg.i] = u.cg.pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, u.cg.pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cg.pRec);
  }
  u.cg.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.cg.ctx.pMem = u.cg.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cg.pMem->n++;
  u.cg.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.cg.ctx.s.z = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.db = db;
  u.cg.ctx.isError = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.pColl = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( u.cg.ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.cg.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (u.cg.ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&u.cg.ctx, u.cg.n, u.cg.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( u.cg.ctx.isError ){
................................................................................
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  Mem *pMem;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ch.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (u.ch.pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(u.ch.pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(u.ch.pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.ch.pMem, encoding);
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.co */

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.co.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.co.pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(u.co.pDest);
    break;
  }
  u.co.pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    ExprSetProperty(pDup, EP_Skip);
    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags |= EP_MemToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
** value between 1.0 and 0.0.
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*1000.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;
        if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely|EP_Skip);
          if( n==2 ){
            pExpr->iTable = exprProbability(pList->a[1].pExpr);
            if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
              sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "second argument to likelihood() must be a "
                                      "constant between 0.0 and 1.0");
              pNC->nErr++;
            }
          }else{
            /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-61304-29449 The unlikely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X, 0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-35738-39582 The unlikely(X) fucntion is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625). */
            pExpr->iTable = 62;  /* TUNING:  Default 2nd arg to unlikely() is 0.0625 */
          }             
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate|EP_Skip;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE or TK_AS operators and any unlikely()
** or likelihood() function at the root of an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){
  while( pExpr && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Skip) ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely) ){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      assert( pExpr->x.pList->nExpr>0 );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION );
      pExpr = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    }else{
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS );
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    }
  }   
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    /* The Expr.x union is never used at the same time as Expr.pRight */
    assert( p->x.pList==0 || p->pRight==0 );
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */
  assert( EXPR_FULLSIZE<=0xfff );
  assert( (0xfff & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_NoReduce) );
    if( p->pLeft || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{
      assert( p->pRight==0 );
      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static|EP_MemToken);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{

        if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      int v;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, &v) ){
        assert( v!=(-2147483647-1) );
        *pValue = -v;
        rc = 1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: break;
  }
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */

/*
** Convert an expression node to a TK_REGISTER
*/
static void exprToRegister(Expr *p, int iReg){
  p->op2 = p->op;
  p->op = TK_REGISTER;
  p->iTable = iReg;
  ExprClearProperty(p, EP_Skip);
}

/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
        ** loading.
        */
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & (SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH|SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF))!=0 ){
          u8 exprOp;
          assert( nFarg==1 );
          assert( pFarg->a[0].pExpr!=0 );
          exprOp = pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op;
          if( exprOp==TK_COLUMN || exprOp==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH==OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            assert( SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF==OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG );
            testcase( (pDef->funcFlags&~SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK)
                       ==SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = pDef->funcFlags&~SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK;
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);   /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          constMask |= (1<<i);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)!=0 && !pColl ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr);
        }
      }
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg ){
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in the last element of pExpr->x.pList if pExpr->x.pList->nExpr is
    ** odd.  The Y is also optional.  If the number of elements in x.pList
    ** is even, then Y is omitted and the "otherwise" result is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );

      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        exprToRegister(&cacheX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1));
        testcase( regFree1==0 );

        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr-1; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);


  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    exprToRegister(pExpr, r2);


    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));


  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }
................................................................................
    return;
  }

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    if( sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal) ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
      return;
................................................................................
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

/************** End of alter.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file analyze.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2005-07-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat4(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The functionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  The sqlite_stat4 is an enhanced
** version of sqlite_stat3 and is only available when compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 and in SQLite versions 3.8.0 and later.  It is
** not possible to enable both STAT3 and STAT4 at the same time.  If they
** are both enabled, then STAT4 takes precedence.
**
** For most applications, sqlite_stat1 provides all the statisics required
** for the query planner to make good choices.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index.  (This is the same as the
** number of rows in the table, except for partial indices.)  The second
** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
................................................................................
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 format is a subset of sqlite_stat4.  Hence, the
** sqlite_stat4 format will be described first.  Further information
** about sqlite_stat3 follows the sqlite_stat4 description.
**

** Format for sqlite_stat4:
**
** As with sqlite_stat2, the sqlite_stat4 table contains histogram data
** to aid the query planner in choosing good indices based on the values
** that indexed columns are compared against in the WHERE clauses of
** queries.
**
** The sqlite_stat4 table contains multiple entries for each index.
** The idx column names the index and the tbl column is the table of the
** index.  If the idx and tbl columns are the same, then the sample is
** of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  The sample column is a blob which is the


** binary encoding of a key from the index, with the trailing rowid
** omitted.  The nEq column is a list of integers.  The first integer
** is the approximate number of entries in the index whose left-most 
** column exactly matches the left-most column of the sample.  The second
** integer in nEq is the approximate number of entries in the index where
** the first two columns match the first two columns of the sample.
** And so forth.  nLt is another list of integers that show the approximate
** number of entries that are strictly less than the sample.  The first
** integer in nLt contains the number of entries in the index where the
** left-most column is less than the left-most column of the sample.
** The K-th integer in the nLt entry is the number of index entries 
** where the first K columns are less than the first K columns of the
** sample.  The nDLt column is like nLt except that it contains the 
** number of distinct entries in the index that are less than the
** sample.
**









** There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat4 entries per index.
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat4 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** large nEq values.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3 redux:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 table is like sqlite_stat4 except that it only
** looks at the left-most column of the index.  The sqlite_stat3.sample
** column contains the actual value of the left-most column instead
** of a blob encoding of the complete index key as is found in
** sqlite_stat4.sample.  The nEq, nLt, and nDLt entries of sqlite_stat3
** all contain just a single integer which is the same as the first
** integer in the equivalent columns in sqlite_stat4.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
# define IsStat4     1
# define IsStat3     0
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     1
#else
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     0
# undef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES 1
#endif
#define IsStat34    (IsStat3+IsStat4)  /* 1 for STAT3 or STAT4. 0 otherwise */

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_statN tables.



** The sqlite_stat1 table is always relevant.  sqlite_stat2 is now
** obsolete.  sqlite_stat3 and sqlite_stat4 are only opened when
** appropriate compile-time options are provided.
**
** If the sqlite_statN tables do not previously exist, it is created.


**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in

** the sqlite_statN tables associated with the named table are deleted.
** If zWhere==0, then code is generated to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
    { "sqlite_stat4", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#else
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#endif
  };




  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int aRoot[ArraySize(aTable)];
  u8 aCreateTbl[ArraySize(aTable)];

  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_statN table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      aCreateTbl[i] = 0;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
           pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat_init(), stat_push(), and stat_get() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {
  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */
  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of (nCol-1) best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  assert( nCol>1 );               /* >1 because it includes the rowid column */
  nColUp = sizeof(tRowcnt)<8 ? (nCol+1)&~1 : nCol;

  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)   /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nColUp*(nCol+mxSample)
#endif
  ;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero(n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = nCol*0x689e962d ^ sqlite3_value_int(argv[1])*0xd0944565;
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anDLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
    }
    assert( (pSpace - (u8*)p)==n );
  
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
/*
** pNew and pOld are both candidate non-periodic samples selected for 
** the same column (pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol). Ignoring this column and 
** considering only any trailing columns and the sample hash value, this
** function returns true if sample pNew is to be preferred over pOld.
** In other words, if we assume that the cardinalities of the selected
** column for pNew and pOld are equal, is pNew to be preferred over pOld.
**
** This function assumes that for each argument sample, the contents of
** the anEq[] array from pSample->anEq[pSample->iCol+1] onwards are valid. 
*/
static int sampleIsBetterPost(
  Stat4Accum *pAccum, 
  Stat4Sample *pNew, 
  Stat4Sample *pOld
){
  int nCol = pAccum->nCol;
  int i;
  assert( pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol );
  for(i=pNew->iCol+1; i<nCol; i++){
    if( pNew->anEq[i]>pOld->anEq[i] ) return 1;
    if( pNew->anEq[i]<pOld->anEq[i] ) return 0;
  }
  if( pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash ) return 1;
  return 0;
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Return true if pNew is to be preferred over pOld.
**
** This function assumes that for each argument sample, the contents of
** the anEq[] array from pSample->anEq[pSample->iCol] onwards are valid. 
*/
static int sampleIsBetter(
  Stat4Accum *pAccum, 
  Stat4Sample *pNew, 
  Stat4Sample *pOld
){
  tRowcnt nEqNew = pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol];
  tRowcnt nEqOld = pOld->anEq[pOld->iCol];

  assert( pOld->isPSample==0 && pNew->isPSample==0 );
  assert( IsStat4 || (pNew->iCol==0 && pOld->iCol==0) );

  if( (nEqNew>nEqOld) ) return 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  if( nEqNew==nEqOld ){
    if( pNew->iCol<pOld->iCol ) return 1;
    return (pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol && sampleIsBetterPost(pAccum, pNew, pOld));
  }
  return 0;
#else
  return (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash);
#endif
}

/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
static void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->iRowid = pFrom->iRowid;
  pTo->isPSample = pFrom->isPSample;
  pTo->iCol = pFrom->iCol;
  pTo->iHash = pFrom->iHash;
  memcpy(pTo->anEq, pFrom->anEq, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anLt, pFrom->