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Overview
Comment:Update to the SQLite 3.8.0 beta.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: c81107f21003fbc59e2229c875a225ade90c8990
User & Date: drh 2013-08-20 23:18:42
Context
2013-08-22
12:48
Update SQLite to the 3.8.0 beta with performance optimizations and deferred automatic indices. check-in: 7c52fd2246 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-08-20
23:18
Update to the SQLite 3.8.0 beta. check-in: c81107f210 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-05-16
01:04
Update to the SQLite version that fixes HAVING clause name resolution. check-in: 75cc8dafb2 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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38789
38790
38791
38792
38793
38794
.....
38847
38848
38849
38850
38851
38852
38853
38854
38855
38856
38857
38858
38859

38860
38861
38862
38863
38864

38865
38866
38867
38868
38869
38870
38871
38872
38873
.....
38963
38964
38965
38966
38967
38968
38969
38970
38971
38972
38973
38974
38975
38976
38977
.....
40140
40141
40142
40143
40144
40145
40146

40147
40148
40149
40150
40151
40152
40153
.....
40622
40623
40624
40625
40626
40627
40628
40629
40630
40631
40632
40633
40634
40635
40636
40637
40638
40639
40640
.....
41706
41707
41708
41709
41710
41711
41712
41713
41714
41715
41716

41717
41718
41719
41720
41721
41722
41723
.....
41731
41732
41733
41734
41735
41736
41737



41738
41739
41740
41741
41742
41743
41744
41745
41746
41747
.....
41774
41775
41776
41777
41778
41779
41780
41781
41782
41783
41784
41785
41786

41787
41788
41789
41790
41791
41792
41793
41794
41795
41796
41797
41798
41799
41800
41801
41802
41803
41804
41805
41806





41807
41808
41809
41810
41811
41812
41813
.....
42542
42543
42544
42545
42546
42547
42548
42549

42550
42551
42552
42553
42554
42555
42556
.....
42699
42700
42701
42702
42703
42704
42705
42706
42707
42708
42709
42710
42711
42712

42713
42714
42715
42716
42717
42718
42719
42720
42721



42722

42723

42724
42725
42726
42727
42728
42729
42730
.....
43507
43508
43509
43510
43511
43512
43513
43514
43515
43516
43517
43518
43519
43520
43521
.....
44070
44071
44072
44073
44074
44075
44076
44077
44078
44079
44080
44081
44082
44083
44084
44085
44086
44087
44088
44089
44090
.....
44135
44136
44137
44138
44139
44140
44141
44142
44143
44144
44145
44146
44147
44148
44149
44150
.....
44917
44918
44919
44920
44921
44922
44923
44924





















44925
44926
44927
44928
44929
44930
44931
.....
45472
45473
45474
45475
45476
45477
45478
45479
45480
45481
45482
45483
45484
45485
45486
45487
45488
45489
45490
45491
45492
45493
45494
45495
45496
45497
45498
45499
45500
.....
47955
47956
47957
47958
47959
47960
47961
47962
47963
47964
47965
47966
47967
47968
47969
.....
49127
49128
49129
49130
49131
49132
49133
49134
49135
49136
49137
49138
49139
49140
49141








49142
49143
49144
49145
49146
49147
49148
.....
49151
49152
49153
49154
49155
49156
49157

49158
49159
49160
49161
49162
49163
49164
49165
49166
.....
50266
50267
50268
50269
50270
50271
50272



50273
50274
50275
50276
50277
50278
50279
.....
50291
50292
50293
50294
50295
50296
50297
50298
50299
50300
50301
50302
50303
50304
50305
.....
50757
50758
50759
50760
50761
50762
50763
50764
50765
50766
50767
50768
50769
50770
50771
.....
51707
51708
51709
51710
51711
51712
51713
51714
51715
51716
51717
51718
51719
51720
51721
51722
51723
51724

51725
51726
51727
51728
51729
51730
51731
.....
52700
52701
52702
52703
52704
52705
52706
52707
52708
52709
52710
52711
52712
52713
52714
.....
52815
52816
52817
52818
52819
52820
52821

52822
52823
52824
52825
52826
52827
52828
52829
52830
52831
52832
52833
52834
.....
54340
54341
54342
54343
54344
54345
54346



54347
54348

54349
54350
54351
54352
54353
54354
54355



54356
54357
54358
54359
54360
54361


54362
54363
54364
54365
54366
54367
54368
.....
54372
54373
54374
54375
54376
54377
54378


54379

54380
54381
54382
54383
54384
54385
54386
.....
54414
54415
54416
54417
54418
54419
54420





54421
54422

54423
54424
54425

54426
54427
54428
54429



54430
54431
54432
54433
54434
54435


54436
54437
54438
54439
54440
54441
54442

54443
54444
54445
54446
54447
54448
54449
.....
58043
58044
58045
58046
58047
58048
58049
58050
58051
58052
58053
58054
58055
58056
58057
58058
58059
58060
58061
58062
.....
60194
60195
60196
60197
60198
60199
60200
60201
60202
60203
60204
60205
60206
60207
60208
60209
.....
60347
60348
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353

60354
60355
60356
60357
60358




60359
60360
















60361



60362
60363
60364


60365
60366
60367
60368
60369
60370


60371
60372


60373
60374
60375



60376
60377

60378
60379


60380
60381
60382
60383
60384
60385
60386
60387
60388

60389
60390
60391
60392
60393
60394
60395
.....
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516
60517
60518
60519
60520
60521
60522
.....
60544
60545
60546
60547
60548
60549
60550
60551
60552
60553
60554
60555
60556
60557
60558
60559
60560
60561
60562
60563
60564
.....
60669
60670
60671
60672
60673
60674
60675
60676
60677
60678
60679
60680
60681
60682
60683
60684
60685
60686
60687
60688
60689


60690
60691
60692
60693
60694
60695
60696
.....
61580
61581
61582
61583
61584
61585
61586




61587
61588
61589
61590
61591
61592
61593
.....
61907
61908
61909
61910
61911
61912
61913
61914
61915
61916
61917
61918
61919
61920
61921
61922
61923
61924
61925
61926

61927
61928
61929
61930
61931

61932
61933
61934
61935
61936

61937
61938
61939
61940
61941
61942
61943
61944
61945
61946
61947
61948
61949
61950
61951
61952
61953
61954
.....
61994
61995
61996
61997
61998
61999
62000

62001
62002
62003
62004
62005
62006
62007
.....
62012
62013
62014
62015
62016
62017
62018

62019

62020
62021
62022
62023
62024
62025
62026
.....
62065
62066
62067
62068
62069
62070
62071
62072

62073
62074
62075
62076
62077
62078
62079
62080
.....
62119
62120
62121
62122
62123
62124
62125
62126
62127
62128
62129
62130
62131
62132
62133
.....
62144
62145
62146
62147
62148
62149
62150


62151
62152
62153
62154
62155
62156
62157
.....
62200
62201
62202
62203
62204
62205
62206
62207
62208
62209
62210

62211

62212
62213
62214
62215
62216
62217
62218
.....
62220
62221
62222
62223
62224
62225
62226
62227
62228
62229
62230
62231
62232
62233
62234
.....
62368
62369
62370
62371
62372
62373
62374
62375
62376
62377
62378










62379
62380
62381
62382


62383
62384



62385
62386
62387
62388



62389
62390
62391
62392
62393
62394
62395
.....
62900
62901
62902
62903
62904
62905
62906
62907
62908
62909
62910
62911
62912
62913
62914
62915
62916
62917
62918
.....
62927
62928
62929
62930
62931
62932
62933
62934
62935
62936
62937
62938
62939
62940








62941



62942
62943
62944
62945
62946
62947
62948
62949
62950
62951
62952
62953
62954
62955
62956
62957
62958
62959
62960
62961
62962
.....
63163
63164
63165
63166
63167
63168
63169
63170
63171
63172
63173
63174
63175
63176
63177
.....
63407
63408
63409
63410
63411
63412
63413

63414
63415
63416
63417
63418
63419

63420
63421
63422
63423
63424
63425
63426
.....
63476
63477
63478
63479
63480
63481
63482

63483
63484
63485
63486
63487
63488
63489
63490
63491
63492

63493
63494
63495
63496
63497
63498
63499
63500
63501

63502
63503
63504
63505
63506
63507
63508
.....
63578
63579
63580
63581
63582
63583
63584
63585
63586
63587
63588
63589


63590
63591
63592
63593
63594
63595
63596
63597
63598

63599
63600
63601
63602
63603
63604
63605
63606
63607
63608
63609
63610
63611
63612
63613
63614
63615
63616
.....
63777
63778
63779
63780
63781
63782
63783
63784
63785
63786
63787
63788
63789
63790

63791
63792
63793
63794
63795
63796
63797
63798
63799
63800
63801
63802
63803
63804
63805
63806
63807
63808
63809
63810
63811
63812
63813
63814
63815
63816
63817
63818
63819
63820
63821


63822










63823
63824
63825
63826
63827

63828
63829
63830
63831
63832
63833
63834
.....
64009
64010
64011
64012
64013
64014
64015
64016
64017
64018
64019
64020
64021
64022
64023
64024
64025
64026
64027
64028
64029
.....
64492
64493
64494
64495
64496
64497
64498
64499
64500
64501
64502
64503
64504
64505
64506
64507
64508
.....
64546
64547
64548
64549
64550
64551
64552
64553
64554
64555
64556
64557
64558
64559
64560
64561
64562
.....
64586
64587
64588
64589
64590
64591
64592
64593
64594
64595
64596
64597
64598
64599
64600
.....
64641
64642
64643
64644
64645
64646
64647
64648
64649
64650
64651
64652
64653
64654
64655
64656
64657
64658
64659
64660
64661
64662
.....
64668
64669
64670
64671
64672
64673
64674
64675
64676
64677
64678
64679
64680
64681
64682
.....
65436
65437
65438
65439
65440
65441
65442


65443
65444
65445

65446
65447
65448
65449
65450
65451
65452
65453
65454
65455
65456
65457
65458
65459
.....
65891
65892
65893
65894
65895
65896
65897

65898
65899
65900
65901
65902
65903
65904
65905








65906
65907
65908
65909
65910
65911
65912
.....
65919
65920
65921
65922
65923
65924
65925

65926
65927
65928
65929
65930
65931
65932
.....
65944
65945
65946
65947
65948
65949
65950
65951
65952
65953
65954
65955
65956
65957
65958
65959
65960
65961
65962
65963
65964
65965
65966
65967
65968
65969
65970
65971
65972
65973
65974
65975
65976
65977
65978
.....
66059
66060
66061
66062
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067

































66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
.....
66181
66182
66183
66184
66185
66186
66187
66188
66189
66190
66191
66192
66193
66194
66195
.....
66743
66744
66745
66746
66747
66748
66749
66750
66751
66752
66753
66754
66755
66756
66757
66758
66759
66760
66761
66762


66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768
66769
66770
66771
66772
66773
66774
66775
66776
66777
66778
66779
66780
66781
66782
66783
66784
66785
66786
66787
66788
66789
66790
66791
66792
66793
66794
66795
66796
66797
66798
66799
66800
66801

66802
66803
66804


66805
66806
66807
66808
66809
66810
66811
.....
67173
67174
67175
67176
67177
67178
67179


67180
67181
67182
67183
67184
67185
67186
67187
67188
67189
67190
67191
67192
.....
68034
68035
68036
68037
68038
68039
68040

68041
68042
68043

68044
68045
68046
68047
68048
68049
68050
.....
68076
68077
68078
68079
68080
68081
68082

68083
68084
68085
68086
68087
68088
68089
.....
68093
68094
68095
68096
68097
68098
68099
68100
68101
68102
68103
68104
68105
68106
68107
.....
68163
68164
68165
68166
68167
68168
68169

68170
68171
68172
68173
68174
68175
68176
.....
68196
68197
68198
68199
68200
68201
68202
68203

68204
68205
68206
68207
68208
68209
68210
68211
68212
68213
68214
68215
68216
68217
68218
68219
68220
68221
68222
68223
.....
68267
68268
68269
68270
68271
68272
68273
68274
68275
68276
68277
68278
68279
68280
68281
68282
.....
68287
68288
68289
68290
68291
68292
68293


68294
68295




68296
68297
68298
68299
68300
68301
68302
.....
68303
68304
68305
68306
68307
68308
68309
68310
68311
68312
68313
68314
68315
68316
68317
.....
68321
68322
68323
68324
68325
68326
68327

68328
68329
68330
68331
68332
68333
68334
.....
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351

68352
68353
68354
68355
68356
68357
68358
.....
68374
68375
68376
68377
68378
68379
68380

68381
68382
68383
68384
68385
68386
68387
.....
68426
68427
68428
68429
68430
68431
68432

68433
68434
68435
68436
68437
68438
68439
.....
68523
68524
68525
68526
68527
68528
68529


68530
68531
68532
68533
68534
68535
68536
.....
69809
69810
69811
69812
69813
69814
69815
69816
69817
69818
69819
69820
69821
69822
69823
.....
69891
69892
69893
69894
69895
69896
69897
69898
69899
69900
69901
69902
69903
69904
69905
69906
69907
69908
69909
69910
69911
69912
69913
69914
69915
69916
69917
69918
69919
69920
69921
69922
69923
69924
69925
69926
69927
69928
69929
69930
69931
69932
69933
69934
.....
70141
70142
70143
70144
70145
70146
70147

70148
70149
70150

70151

70152
70153
70154
70155
70156
70157
70158
70159
70160
70161
70162
70163
.....
70198
70199
70200
70201
70202
70203
70204

70205
70206
70207
70208
70209
70210
70211
.....
70246
70247
70248
70249
70250
70251
70252

70253
70254
70255
70256
70257
70258
70259
.....
70398
70399
70400
70401
70402
70403
70404

70405
70406
70407
70408
70409
70410
70411
.....
70460
70461
70462
70463
70464
70465
70466
70467
70468
70469
70470
70471
70472
70473
70474
70475
70476
70477
70478
70479
70480
70481
70482
70483
70484
70485
70486
.....
70692
70693
70694
70695
70696
70697
70698


70699
70700
70701
70702
70703
70704
70705
70706
.....
70713
70714
70715
70716
70717
70718
70719
70720
70721
70722
70723
70724
70725
70726
70727
70728
70729
.....
70919
70920
70921
70922
70923
70924
70925

70926
70927
70928
70929
70930
70931
70932
.....
70970
70971
70972
70973
70974
70975
70976

70977
70978
70979
70980
70981
70982
70983
.....
70993
70994
70995
70996
70997
70998
70999
71000
71001
71002
71003
71004
71005
71006
71007
.....
71052
71053
71054
71055
71056
71057
71058

71059
71060
71061
71062
71063
71064
71065
.....
71071
71072
71073
71074
71075
71076
71077

71078
71079
71080
71081
71082
71083
71084
.....
71193
71194
71195
71196
71197
71198
71199

71200
71201
71202
71203
71204
71205
71206
.....
71396
71397
71398
71399
71400
71401
71402
71403
71404
71405
71406
71407
71408
71409
71410
.....
71417
71418
71419
71420
71421
71422
71423

71424
71425
71426
71427
71428
71429
71430
.....
71470
71471
71472
71473
71474
71475
71476

71477
71478
71479
71480
71481
71482
71483
.....
71655
71656
71657
71658
71659
71660
71661


71662
71663
71664
71665
71666
71667
71668
.....
72222
72223
72224
72225
72226
72227
72228
72229
72230
72231
72232
72233
72234
72235
72236
.....
73497
73498
73499
73500
73501
73502
73503
73504
73505
73506
73507
73508
73509
73510
73511
73512
73513
73514
73515
73516
.....
73939
73940
73941
73942
73943
73944
73945
73946
73947
73948
73949
73950
73951
73952
73953
73954
73955
73956
73957

73958
73959
73960
73961
73962
73963
73964
.....
74124
74125
74126
74127
74128
74129
74130








74131
74132
74133
74134
74135

74136
74137
74138
74139
74140
74141
74142
.....
74271
74272
74273
74274
74275
74276
74277






74278
74279
74280
74281
74282
74283
74284
74285
74286
74287
74288
.....
74405
74406
74407
74408
74409
74410
74411

































74412
74413
74414
74415
74416
74417
74418
.....
74505
74506
74507
74508
74509
74510
74511

74512
74513
74514
74515
74516
74517
74518
.....
74570
74571
74572
74573
74574
74575
74576
74577
74578
74579
74580
74581
74582
74583
74584
74585
74586
74587
74588
74589
74590
74591

74592
74593
74594
74595
74596
74597
74598
74599
74600
74601
74602
74603
74604
.....
74681
74682
74683
74684
74685
74686
74687
74688
74689
74690
74691
74692
74693
74694
74695
.....
74808
74809
74810
74811
74812
74813
74814
74815
74816
74817
74818
74819
74820
74821
74822
.....
74856
74857
74858
74859
74860
74861
74862
74863
74864
74865
74866
74867
74868
74869
74870
.....
74882
74883
74884
74885
74886
74887
74888


74889
74890
74891
74892
74893
74894
74895
74896
74897

74898
74899
74900
74901
74902
74903
74904
74905
.....
74909
74910
74911
74912
74913
74914
74915
74916
74917
74918
74919
74920
74921
74922
74923
.....
75034
75035
75036
75037
75038
75039
75040
75041
75042
75043
75044
75045
75046
75047
75048
75049
75050
75051
75052
75053
75054
75055
75056
75057
75058
75059
75060
.....
75215
75216
75217
75218
75219
75220
75221










































75222
75223
75224
75225
75226
75227
75228
.....
76139
76140
76141
76142
76143
76144
76145

76146
76147
76148
76149
76150
76151
76152
.....
76497
76498
76499
76500
76501
76502
76503

76504
76505
76506
76507
76508
76509
76510
.....
76815
76816
76817
76818
76819
76820
76821
76822
76823
76824
76825
76826
76827
76828
76829
76830
76831
76832
76833
76834
76835
76836
76837
.....
76865
76866
76867
76868
76869
76870
76871
76872
76873
76874
76875
76876
76877
76878
76879
.....
76910
76911
76912
76913
76914
76915
76916
76917
76918
76919
76920

76921
76922
76923
76924
76925
76926
76927
.....
76937
76938
76939
76940
76941
76942
76943
76944
76945
76946
76947
76948
76949
76950
76951
76952
76953
.....
76955
76956
76957
76958
76959
76960
76961

76962

76963
76964
76965


76966
76967
76968
76969
76970
76971
76972
76973
76974
76975
76976
.....
76979
76980
76981
76982
76983
76984
76985

76986
76987

76988
76989
76990
76991
76992
76993
76994
.....
77019
77020
77021
77022
77023
77024
77025
77026
77027
77028
77029
77030
77031
77032
77033
77034
.....
77580
77581
77582
77583
77584
77585
77586
77587
77588
77589

77590

77591




77592
77593
77594
77595
77596
77597
77598
77599
77600
77601
77602
.....
79011
79012
79013
79014
79015
79016
79017






79018
79019
79020
79021
79022
79023
79024
79025
79026
79027
79028
79029
79030
79031
79032
79033
79034
79035
79036
79037
79038
79039
79040
79041
79042
79043
79044
79045
79046
79047
79048
79049
79050



79051
79052
79053
79054
79055
79056
79057
.....
79061
79062
79063
79064
79065
79066
79067



79068
79069
79070
79071
79072
79073
79074
79075
79076
79077
79078
79079
79080
79081
79082
79083
79084
79085







































79086
79087
79088
79089
79090
79091
79092
.....
79263
79264
79265
79266
79267
79268
79269
79270
79271
79272
79273
79274
79275
79276
79277
.....
80265
80266
80267
80268
80269
80270
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
80276
80277
80278
80279
.....
80680
80681
80682
80683
80684
80685
80686

80687
80688
80689
80690
80691
80692
80693
.....
80739
80740
80741
80742
80743
80744
80745

80746
80747
80748
80749
80750
80751
80752
.....
80898
80899
80900
80901
80902
80903
80904
80905
80906
80907
80908
80909
80910
80911
80912
80913
80914
80915
80916

80917
80918
80919
80920

80921
80922
80923
80924
80925
80926

80927
80928
80929
80930
80931
80932
80933
80934
80935
80936
80937
80938
80939
80940
80941
80942


80943
80944
80945
80946
80947
80948
80949
.....
81118
81119
81120
81121
81122
81123
81124

81125
81126

81127
81128
81129
81130
81131
81132
81133
.....
81523
81524
81525
81526
81527
81528
81529

81530
81531
81532
81533
81534
81535
81536
.....
82559
82560
82561
82562
82563
82564
82565

82566
82567
82568
82569
82570
82571
82572
.....
83402
83403
83404
83405
83406
83407
83408
83409

83410
83411
83412
83413
83414
83415
83416
.....
83453
83454
83455
83456
83457
83458
83459

83460
83461
83462
83463
83464
83465
83466
.....
83696
83697
83698
83699
83700
83701
83702
83703
83704
83705
83706
83707
83708
83709
83710
83711
83712
83713
83714
83715
83716
83717
83718
83719
83720
83721
83722
83723
83724
83725
83726
83727
83728
83729
.....
84567
84568
84569
84570
84571
84572
84573

84574
84575
84576
84577
84578
84579
84580
.....
84606
84607
84608
84609
84610
84611
84612
84613
84614

84615
84616
84617
84618
84619
84620
84621
.....
84658
84659
84660
84661
84662
84663
84664
84665
84666
84667
84668
84669
84670
84671
84672
.....
84680
84681
84682
84683
84684
84685
84686
84687
84688
84689
84690
84691
84692
84693
84694
.....
84726
84727
84728
84729
84730
84731
84732
84733





84734
84735
84736
84737
84738
84739
84740
.....
84872
84873
84874
84875
84876
84877
84878

84879
84880





84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
84887
.....
84930
84931
84932
84933
84934
84935
84936

84937
84938
84939
84940
84941
84942
84943
.....
85028
85029
85030
85031
85032
85033
85034
85035
85036
85037
85038
85039
85040
85041
85042
.....
85046
85047
85048
85049
85050
85051
85052
85053

85054
85055
85056
85057
85058
85059
85060
85061
85062
85063
85064
85065
.....
85107
85108
85109
85110
85111
85112
85113
85114
85115
85116
85117
85118
85119
85120
85121
85122
85123
85124
.....
85361
85362
85363
85364
85365
85366
85367
85368
85369
85370
85371
85372
85373
85374
85375
85376
85377
85378
85379
85380
85381
85382
85383
.....
85988
85989
85990
85991
85992
85993
85994
85995
85996
85997
85998

85999
86000
86001
86002
86003
86004
86005
86006
86007
86008
86009
86010
86011
86012
86013
86014
86015
86016
86017
86018
86019
86020
.....
87086
87087
87088
87089
87090
87091
87092


87093
87094
87095
87096
87097

87098
87099
87100
87101
87102
87103
87104
87105
87106
87107
87108
87109
87110







87111
87112
87113
87114
87115
87116
87117

87118
87119
87120
87121
87122
87123
87124










87125
87126
87127
87128
87129
87130
87131
.....
87376
87377
87378
87379
87380
87381
87382
87383
87384
87385
87386
87387
87388
87389
87390
.....
88035
88036
88037
88038
88039
88040
88041
88042
88043
88044
88045
88046
88047
88048
88049
88050
88051
88052
.....
88227
88228
88229
88230
88231
88232
88233
88234
88235
88236
88237
88238
88239
88240
88241
.....
89294
89295
89296
89297
89298
89299
89300


89301

89302
89303
89304
89305
89306
89307
89308
.....
89685
89686
89687
89688
89689
89690
89691

89692

89693
89694
89695
89696
89697
89698
89699
.....
91480
91481
91482
91483
91484
91485
91486

91487
91488









91489
91490
91491
91492
91493
91494
91495
.....
91502
91503
91504
91505
91506
91507
91508

91509
91510
91511
91512
91513
91514
91515
.....
91571
91572
91573
91574
91575
91576
91577

91578
91579
91580
91581
91582
91583
91584
.....
91600
91601
91602
91603
91604
91605
91606
91607
91608
91609
91610
91611
91612
91613
91614
91615
91616
91617
91618



91619
91620
91621
91622
91623
91624
91625
.....
91713
91714
91715
91716
91717
91718
91719

91720
91721
91722
91723
91724
91725
91726
.....
91734
91735
91736
91737
91738
91739
91740



91741
91742
91743
91744
91745
91746
91747
.....
91890
91891
91892
91893
91894
91895
91896
91897
91898
91899
91900
91901
91902
91903
91904
.....
92647
92648
92649
92650
92651
92652
92653


92654
92655
92656
92657
92658

92659
92660
92661
92662
92663
92664
92665
.....
93307
93308
93309
93310
93311
93312
93313





























93314
93315
93316
93317
93318
93319
93320
.....
93528
93529
93530
93531
93532
93533
93534




























93535
93536
93537
93538
93539
93540
93541
.....
93547
93548
93549
93550
93551
93552
93553

93554

93555
93556
93557
93558
93559
93560
93561
.....
93568
93569
93570
93571
93572
93573
93574
93575
93576
93577
93578
93579
93580

93581
93582
93583
93584
93585
93586
93587
.....
93599
93600
93601
93602
93603
93604
93605

93606
93607
93608
93609
93610
93611
93612
.....
94145
94146
94147
94148
94149
94150
94151
94152
94153
94154
94155

94156



94157
94158
94159
94160
94161
94162
94163
.....
94330
94331
94332
94333
94334
94335
94336

94337
94338
94339
94340
94341
94342
94343
94344
94345
94346
94347
94348
94349
94350
94351
94352
.....
94680
94681
94682
94683
94684
94685
94686
94687
94688
94689
94690
94691
94692
94693
94694
.....
94764
94765
94766
94767
94768
94769
94770
94771
94772
94773
94774
94775
94776
94777
94778
94779
94780
.....
94791
94792
94793
94794
94795
94796
94797

94798

94799


94800
94801
94802
94803
94804
94805
94806
94807
94808
94809
94810
.....
94811
94812
94813
94814
94815
94816
94817
94818

94819
94820
94821
94822
94823
94824
94825

94826
94827
94828



94829
94830
94831
94832
94833
94834
94835
94836
94837
94838
94839
94840
94841
94842

94843
94844
94845
94846
94847
94848
94849
94850
94851
94852



94853


94854

94855
94856
94857
94858
94859
94860
94861
.....
95138
95139
95140
95141
95142
95143
95144
95145
95146
95147
95148
95149
95150
95151
95152
95153
95154
95155
95156
95157
95158
95159
95160
95161
95162
95163
95164
95165
95166
95167
95168
95169
.....
95177
95178
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183
95184
95185
95186
95187
95188
95189
95190
95191
95192
95193
95194
95195
95196
95197
95198
95199
95200
95201
.....
95790
95791
95792
95793
95794
95795
95796
95797
95798
95799
95800
95801
95802
95803
95804
.....
95812
95813
95814
95815
95816
95817
95818
95819
95820
95821
95822
95823
95824
95825
95826
.....
96007
96008
96009
96010
96011
96012
96013






96014
96015
96016
96017
96018
96019
96020
.....
96176
96177
96178
96179
96180
96181
96182
96183
96184
96185
96186
96187
96188
96189
96190
.....
96868
96869
96870
96871
96872
96873
96874



















96875
96876
96877
96878
96879
96880
96881
.....
96885
96886
96887
96888
96889
96890
96891
96892
96893
96894
96895

96896
96897
96898
96899
96900
96901
96902
96903
96904
96905
96906
96907
96908
96909
96910
96911
96912
96913
96914
96915
96916
96917
.....
97590
97591
97592
97593
97594
97595
97596
97597
97598
97599
97600
97601
97602
97603
97604
.....
97605
97606
97607
97608
97609
97610
97611
97612
97613
97614
97615
97616
97617
97618
97619
97620
.....
97800
97801
97802
97803
97804
97805
97806
97807
97808
97809
97810
97811
97812
97813
97814
97815
97816
.....
98009
98010
98011
98012
98013
98014
98015
98016
98017
98018
98019
98020
98021
98022
98023
98024
98025
98026
98027
98028
98029
98030
98031
98032
98033
98034
98035
98036
98037
98038
98039
.....
98394
98395
98396
98397
98398
98399
98400
98401
98402
98403
98404
98405
98406
98407
98408
98409
98410
98411
98412
98413
.....
98436
98437
98438
98439
98440
98441
98442
98443
98444
98445
98446
98447
98448
98449
98450
98451
98452
98453
98454
98455
.....
99707
99708
99709
99710
99711
99712
99713
99714
99715
99716


99717

99718
99719
99720
99721
99722
99723
99724
.....
99951
99952
99953
99954
99955
99956
99957
99958
99959
99960
99961
99962
99963
99964
99965
99966
99967
99968
99969
......
100113
100114
100115
100116
100117
100118
100119
100120
100121
100122
100123
100124
100125
100126
100127
......
100245
100246
100247
100248
100249
100250
100251
100252
100253
100254
100255
100256
100257
100258
100259
......
100266
100267
100268
100269
100270
100271
100272
100273
100274
100275
100276
100277
100278
100279
100280
......
100306
100307
100308
100309
100310
100311
100312
100313
100314
100315
100316
100317
100318
100319
100320
......
100329
100330
100331
100332
100333
100334
100335
100336
100337
100338
100339

100340
100341




100342
100343


100344
100345
100346
100347
100348
100349
100350
100351
100352
100353
100354
100355
100356

100357
100358
100359
100360
100361
100362
100363
......
100382
100383
100384
100385
100386
100387
100388
100389
100390
100391
100392
100393
100394
100395
100396
100397
100398
......
100464
100465
100466
100467
100468
100469
100470
100471

100472
100473

100474
100475
100476
100477
100478
100479
100480
......
100747
100748
100749
100750
100751
100752
100753
100754
100755
100756
100757
100758
100759
100760
100761
100762
......
102107
102108
102109
102110
102111
102112
102113
102114
102115
102116
102117
102118
102119
102120
102121
......
102486
102487
102488
102489
102490
102491
102492
102493
102494
102495
102496
102497
102498
102499
102500
......
102558
102559
102560
102561
102562
102563
102564
102565
102566
102567
102568
102569
102570
102571
102572
......
103027
103028
103029
103030
103031
103032
103033
103034
103035
103036
103037
103038
103039
103040
103041
......
104092
104093
104094
104095
104096
104097
104098
104099
104100
104101
104102
104103
104104
104105
104106
104107
......
104395
104396
104397
104398
104399
104400
104401

104402
104403
104404
104405
104406
104407
104408
104409
104410
104411
104412

104413





































































































































































104414
104415
104416
104417
104418
104419
104420
......
104434
104435
104436
104437
104438
104439
104440
104441
104442
104443
104444
104445
104446
104447
104448
104449
104450
......
104459
104460
104461
104462
104463
104464
104465
104466
104467
104468
104469
104470
104471
104472
104473
......
104493
104494
104495
104496
104497
104498
104499
















104500
104501
104502
104503
104504
104505
104506
104507
104508
104509
104510
104511
104512
104513
104514
104515
104516
104517
104518
104519
104520
104521
104522
104523
104524
......
104570
104571
104572
104573
104574
104575
104576
104577
104578
104579
104580
104581
104582
104583


104584
104585
104586

































104587

104588
104589

104590
104591
104592
104593
104594
104595
104596
......
104601
104602
104603
104604
104605
104606
104607
104608
104609
104610
104611
104612
104613
104614
104615
104616
104617
104618
104619
104620
104621
104622
104623
104624
104625
104626
104627
104628
104629
104630
104631
104632
104633
104634
104635
104636
104637
104638
104639
104640
104641
104642
104643
104644
104645
104646
104647
104648
104649
104650
104651
104652
104653
104654
104655
104656
104657
104658
104659
104660
104661
104662
104663
104664
104665
104666
104667
104668
104669
104670
104671
104672
104673
104674
104675
104676
104677
104678
104679
104680
104681
104682
104683
104684
104685
104686
104687
104688



























































104689
104690
104691
104692
104693
104694
104695
104696
104697
104698
104699
104700
......
104715
104716
104717
104718
104719
104720
104721
104722
104723
104724
104725
104726
104727
104728
104729
......
104753
104754
104755
104756
104757
104758
104759
104760
104761
104762
104763
104764
104765
104766
104767
104768
104769
104770
......
104796
104797
104798
104799
104800
104801
104802
104803
104804
104805
104806
104807
104808
104809
104810
104811
104812
104813
104814
104815
104816
104817
104818
104819
104820
104821
104822
104823
104824
104825
104826
104827
104828
104829
104830
104831
104832
104833
104834
104835
......
104841
104842
104843
104844
104845
104846
104847
104848
104849
104850
104851
104852
104853
104854
104855
104856
104857
104858
104859
104860
104861
104862
104863
104864
104865
104866
......
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
104913
104914
104915
104916
104917
104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
104924
104925
104926
104927
......
104933
104934
104935
104936
104937
104938
104939
104940
104941
104942
104943
104944
104945
104946
104947
104948
104949
104950
......
104992
104993
104994
104995
104996
104997
104998




























































































































104999
105000
105001
105002
105003
105004
105005
......
105024
105025
105026
105027
105028
105029
105030
105031
105032
105033
105034
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
105048
105049
105050


105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056


105057
105058
105059
105060
105061
105062
105063
105064
105065
105066
105067
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072
105073
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
105084
105085

105086
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099
105100
105101
105102
105103
105104
105105
105106
105107
105108
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
105114
105115
105116
105117
105118
105119
105120
105121
105122
105123
105124
105125
......
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
......
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326
105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
105333
105334
......
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
105348
105349
105350

105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
......
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376
105377
105378
105379
105380
......
105392
105393
105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
105410
105411
105412
105413
105414
105415
105416
105417
105418
105419
105420
105421
105422
105423
105424
105425
105426
105427
105428
105429
......
105477
105478
105479
105480
105481
105482
105483
105484
105485
105486
105487
105488
105489
105490
105491
......
105496
105497
105498
105499
105500
105501
105502
105503
105504
105505
105506
105507
105508
105509
105510
......
105530
105531
105532
105533
105534
105535
105536
105537
105538
105539
105540
105541
105542
105543
105544
105545
105546
105547
105548
105549
105550
105551
105552
105553
105554
105555
105556
105557
105558
105559
......
105594
105595
105596
105597
105598
105599
105600

105601
105602
105603
105604
105605
105606
105607
105608
105609
105610
105611
105612
105613
105614
105615
105616
105617
105618
105619
105620
105621
105622
105623
105624
105625
......
105772
105773
105774
105775
105776
105777
105778
105779
105780
105781
105782
105783
105784
105785
105786
105787
105788
......
105855
105856
105857
105858
105859
105860
105861

105862
105863
105864
105865
105866
105867
105868
......
105889
105890
105891
105892
105893
105894
105895
105896
105897
105898
105899
105900
105901
105902
105903
105904
105905
105906
105907
......
105923
105924
105925
105926
105927
105928
105929
105930
105931
105932
105933
105934
105935
105936
105937
105938
105939
105940
105941
105942
105943
105944
105945
105946
105947
105948
105949
105950
105951
105952
105953
105954
105955
105956
105957
105958
105959
105960
105961
105962
105963
105964
105965
105966
105967
105968
105969
105970
105971
105972
105973
105974
105975
105976
105977
105978
105979
105980
105981
105982
105983
105984
105985
105986
105987
105988
105989
105990
105991
105992
105993
105994
105995

105996
105997
105998
105999
106000
106001
106002
106003
106004
106005
106006
106007
106008
......
106050
106051
106052
106053
106054
106055
106056
106057
106058
106059
106060
106061
106062
106063

106064
106065
106066
106067
106068
106069




106070










































106071
106072

106073
106074








106075
106076
106077
106078
106079
106080
106081
106082
106083
106084
106085
106086
106087
......
106111
106112
106113
106114
106115
106116
106117
106118
106119
106120
106121
106122
106123
106124
106125
106126
106127
106128
106129
106130
106131
106132
106133
106134
106135
106136
106137
106138
106139
106140
106141
106142
106143
106144
106145
106146
106147
106148
106149
106150
106151
106152
106153
106154
106155
106156
106157
106158
106159
106160
106161
106162
106163
106164
106165
106166
106167
106168
106169
106170
106171
106172
106173
106174
106175
106176
106177
106178
106179
106180
106181
106182
106183
106184
106185
106186
106187
106188
106189
106190
106191
106192
106193
106194
106195
106196
106197
106198
106199
106200
106201
106202
106203
106204
106205
106206
106207
106208
106209
106210
106211
106212
106213
106214
106215
106216
106217
106218
106219
106220
106221
106222
106223
106224
106225
......
106227
106228
106229
106230
106231
106232
106233

106234
106235
106236
106237
106238
106239
106240
106241
106242
106243
106244
106245
106246
106247
106248
106249
106250
106251
106252
106253
106254
106255
106256
106257
106258
106259
106260
106261
106262
106263
106264
106265
106266
106267
106268
106269
106270
106271
106272
106273
106274
106275
106276
106277
106278
106279
106280
106281
106282
106283
106284
106285
106286
106287
106288
106289
106290
106291
106292
106293
106294
106295
106296
106297
106298
106299
106300
106301
106302
106303
106304
106305
106306
106307
106308
106309
106310
106311
106312
106313
106314
106315
106316
106317
106318
106319
106320
106321
106322
......
106338
106339
106340
106341
106342
106343
106344

106345
106346

106347
106348
106349
106350
106351
106352
106353
106354
106355
106356
106357
106358

106359
106360
106361
106362
106363
106364
106365






106366

106367
106368
106369
106370
106371
106372
106373


106374
106375
106376
106377
106378
106379
106380
106381
106382
106383
106384
106385
106386
106387
106388
106389
106390
106391
106392
106393
106394
106395
106396
106397
106398
106399
106400
106401
106402
106403
106404
106405
106406
106407
106408
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413
106414


106415
106416
106417
106418
106419
106420
106421
106422
106423
106424
106425
106426
106427
106428
106429
106430
106431
106432
106433
106434
106435
106436
106437
106438
106439
106440
106441
106442
106443
106444
106445
106446
106447

106448
106449
106450
106451
106452
106453
106454
106455
106456
106457
106458
106459
106460
106461
106462
......
106467
106468
106469
106470
106471
106472
106473
106474
106475
106476
106477
106478

106479
106480
106481
106482
106483
106484
106485
106486
106487
106488
106489
106490
106491
106492
106493
106494
106495
106496
......
106518
106519
106520
106521
106522
106523
106524
106525
106526
106527
106528
106529
106530
106531
106532
......
106574
106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
......
106590
106591
106592
106593
106594
106595
106596
106597
106598
106599
106600
106601
106602
106603
106604
......
106616
106617
106618
106619
106620
106621
106622

106623
106624
106625
106626
106627
106628
106629
106630
106631
106632
106633
106634
106635
106636
106637
106638
106639
106640
106641
106642
106643
106644
106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652
106653
106654
106655
106656
106657
106658
106659
106660
106661
106662
106663
106664
106665
106666
106667
106668
106669
106670
106671
106672
106673
106674
106675
106676
106677
106678
106679
106680
106681
106682
106683
106684
106685
106686
106687
106688
106689
106690
106691
106692
106693
106694
106695
106696
106697
106698
106699
106700
106701
106702
106703
106704
106705
106706
106707
106708
106709
106710
106711
106712
106713
106714
106715
106716
106717
106718
106719
106720
106721
106722
106723
106724
106725
106726
106727
106728
106729
106730
106731
106732
106733
106734
106735
106736
106737
106738
106739
106740
106741
106742
106743
106744
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755
106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
106762
106763
106764
106765
106766
106767
106768
106769
106770
106771
106772
106773
106774
106775
106776
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
106783
106784
106785
106786
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
106793
106794
106795
106796
106797
106798
106799
106800
106801
106802
106803
106804
106805
106806
106807
106808
106809
106810
106811
106812
106813
106814
106815
106816
106817
106818
106819
106820
106821
106822
106823
106824
106825
106826
106827
106828
106829
106830
......
106903
106904
106905
106906
106907
106908
106909
106910


106911
106912
106913
106914
106915
106916
106917
106918
106919
......
107006
107007
107008
107009
107010
107011
107012
107013
107014
107015
107016
107017
107018
107019
107020
......
107058
107059
107060
107061
107062
107063
107064
107065
107066
107067
107068
107069
107070
107071
107072
107073
107074
107075
107076
107077
107078
......
107096
107097
107098
107099
107100
107101
107102
107103
107104
107105
107106
107107
107108
107109
107110
107111
107112
107113
107114
107115
107116
107117
107118
107119


107120


107121


107122
107123
107124
107125
107126
107127
107128
......
107140
107141
107142
107143
107144
107145
107146
107147
107148
107149
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
......
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
107173
......
107189
107190
107191
107192
107193
107194
107195
107196
107197
107198
107199
107200
107201
107202
107203
107204
107205
107206
107207
107208
107209
107210
107211
107212
107213
107214
107215
107216
107217
107218
107219
107220
107221
107222
107223
107224
107225
107226
107227
107228
107229
107230
107231
107232
107233
107234
107235
107236
107237
107238
107239
107240
107241
107242
107243
107244
107245
107246
107247
107248
107249
107250
107251
107252
107253
107254
107255
107256
107257
107258
107259
107260
107261
107262
107263
107264
107265
107266
107267
107268
107269
107270
107271
107272
107273
107274
107275
107276
107277
107278
107279
107280
107281
107282
107283
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288
107289
107290
107291
107292
107293
107294
107295
107296
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
107303
107304
107305
107306
107307
107308
107309
107310
107311
107312
107313
107314
107315
107316
107317
107318
107319
107320
107321
107322
107323
107324
107325
107326
107327
107328
107329
107330
107331
107332
107333
107334
107335
107336
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
107349
107350
107351
107352
107353
107354
107355
107356
107357
107358
107359
107360
107361
107362
107363
107364
107365
107366
107367
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375
107376
107377
107378
107379
107380
107381
107382
107383
107384
107385
107386
107387
107388
107389
107390
107391
107392
107393
107394
107395
107396
107397
107398
107399
107400
107401
107402
107403
107404
107405
107406
107407
107408
107409
107410
107411
107412
107413
107414
107415
107416
107417
107418
107419
107420
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428
107429
107430
107431
107432
107433
107434
107435
107436
107437
107438
107439
107440
107441
107442
107443
107444
107445
107446
107447
107448
107449
107450
107451
107452
107453
107454
107455
107456
107457
107458
107459
107460
107461
107462
107463
107464
107465
107466
107467
107468
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
107475
107476
107477
107478
107479
107480
107481
107482
107483
107484
107485
107486
107487
107488
107489
107490
107491
107492
107493
107494
107495
107496
107497
107498
107499
107500
107501
107502
107503
107504
107505
107506
107507
107508
107509
107510
107511
107512
107513
107514
107515
107516
107517
107518
107519
107520
107521
107522
107523
107524
107525
107526
107527
107528
107529
107530
107531
107532
107533
107534
107535
107536
107537
107538
107539
107540
107541
107542
107543
107544
107545
107546
107547
107548
107549
107550
107551
107552
107553
107554
107555
107556
107557
107558
107559
107560
107561
107562
107563
107564
107565
107566
107567
107568
107569
107570
107571
107572
107573
107574
107575
107576
107577
107578
107579
107580
107581
107582
107583
107584
107585
107586
107587
107588
107589
107590
107591
107592
107593
107594
107595
107596
107597
107598
107599
107600
107601
107602
107603
107604
107605
107606
107607
107608
107609
107610
107611
107612
107613
107614
107615
107616
107617
107618
107619
107620
107621
107622
107623
107624
107625
107626
107627
107628
107629
107630
107631
107632
107633
107634
107635
107636
107637
107638
107639
107640
107641
107642
107643
107644
107645
107646
107647
107648
107649
107650
107651
107652
107653
107654
107655
107656
107657
107658
107659
107660
107661
107662
107663
107664
107665
107666
107667
107668
107669
107670
107671
107672
107673
107674
107675
107676
107677
107678
107679
107680
107681
107682
107683
107684
107685
107686
107687
107688
107689
107690
107691
107692
107693
107694
107695
107696
107697
107698
107699
107700
107701
107702
107703
107704
107705
107706
107707
107708
107709
107710
107711
107712
107713
107714
107715
107716
107717
107718
107719
107720
107721
107722
107723
107724
107725
107726
107727
107728
107729
107730
107731
107732
107733
107734
107735
107736
107737
107738
107739
107740
107741
107742
107743
107744
107745
107746
107747
107748
107749
107750
107751
107752
107753
107754
107755
107756
107757
107758
107759
107760
107761
107762
107763
107764
107765
107766
107767
107768
107769
107770
107771
107772
107773
107774
107775
107776
107777
107778
107779
107780
107781
107782
107783
107784
107785
107786
107787
107788
107789
107790
107791
107792
107793
107794
107795
107796
107797
107798
107799
107800
107801
107802
107803
107804
107805
107806
107807
107808
107809
107810
107811
107812
107813
107814
107815
107816
107817
107818
107819
107820
107821
107822
107823
107824
107825
107826
107827
107828
107829
107830
107831
107832
107833
107834
107835
107836
107837
107838
107839
107840
107841
107842
107843
107844
107845
107846
107847
107848
107849
107850
107851
107852
107853
107854
107855
107856
107857
107858
107859
107860
107861
107862
107863
107864
107865
107866
107867
107868
107869
107870
107871
107872
107873
107874
107875
107876
107877
107878
107879
107880
107881
107882
107883
107884
107885
107886
107887
107888
107889
107890
107891
107892
107893
107894
107895
107896
107897
107898
107899
107900
107901
107902
107903
107904
107905
107906
107907
107908
107909
107910
107911
107912
107913
107914
107915
107916
107917
107918
107919
107920
107921
107922
107923
107924
107925
107926
107927
107928
107929
107930
107931
107932
107933
107934
107935
107936
107937
107938
107939
107940
107941
107942
107943
107944
107945
107946
107947
107948
107949
107950
107951
107952
107953
107954
107955
107956
107957
107958
107959
107960
107961
107962
107963
107964
107965
107966
107967
107968
107969
107970
107971
107972
107973
107974
107975
107976
107977
107978
107979
107980
107981
107982
107983
107984
107985
107986
107987
107988
107989
107990
107991
107992
107993
107994
107995
107996
107997
107998
107999
108000
108001
108002
108003
108004
108005
108006
108007
108008
108009
108010
108011
108012
108013
108014
108015
108016
108017
108018
108019
108020
108021
108022
108023
108024
108025
108026
108027
108028
108029
108030
108031
108032
108033
108034
108035
108036
108037
108038
108039
108040
108041
108042
108043
108044
108045
108046
108047
108048
108049
108050
108051
108052
108053
108054
108055
108056
108057
108058
108059
108060
108061
108062
108063
108064
108065
108066
108067
108068
108069
108070
108071
108072
108073
108074
108075
108076
108077
108078
108079
108080
108081
108082
108083
108084
108085
108086
108087
108088
108089
108090
108091
108092
108093
108094
108095
108096
......
108099
108100
108101
108102
108103
108104
108105
108106
108107
108108
108109
108110
108111
108112
108113
108114
108115
......
108181
108182
108183
108184
108185
108186
108187

108188
108189
108190
108191
108192
108193
108194
......
108198
108199
108200
108201
108202
108203
108204
108205
108206
108207

108208
108209
108210
108211
108212
108213
108214
108215
108216
108217
108218
108219
108220
108221
108222
108223
108224
108225

108226
108227
108228
108229
108230
108231
108232
......
108288
108289
108290
108291
108292
108293
108294
108295
108296
108297
108298
108299
108300
108301
108302
108303
108304

108305
108306
108307
108308
108309
108310
108311
108312




108313
108314
108315
108316
108317
108318
108319
108320
108321
108322
108323
108324
108325
108326
108327
108328
108329
108330
108331
108332
108333
108334
108335
108336
108337
108338
108339
108340
108341
108342
108343
108344
......
108398
108399
108400
108401
108402
108403
108404
108405
108406
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
108412
108413
108414
108415
108416
108417
108418
108419
108420

108421
108422
108423
108424
108425
108426
108427
108428
108429
108430
108431
108432
108433
108434
108435
108436
......
108445
108446
108447
108448
108449
108450
108451
108452
108453
108454
108455
108456
108457
108458
108459


108460


108461
108462
108463
108464

108465
108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
108474
108475
108476
108477
108478
108479
108480
108481
108482
108483
108484
108485
108486
108487
108488
108489
108490

108491
108492
108493
108494
108495
108496
108497
108498
108499
108500
108501
108502
108503
108504

108505
108506
108507
108508
108509
108510
108511
108512
108513
108514
108515
108516
108517
108518
108519
108520
......
108522
108523
108524
108525
108526
108527
108528
108529
108530
108531
108532
108533
108534
108535
108536
108537

108538
108539
108540

108541
108542
108543
108544
108545
108546
108547
108548
108549
108550
108551

108552

108553
108554
108555

108556
108557
108558
108559
108560
108561
108562
108563
108564
......
108587
108588
108589
108590
108591
108592
108593
108594
108595
108596
108597
108598
108599
108600
108601
108602
108603
108604
108605
108606
108607
108608
108609
108610
108611
108612
108613
108614


108615
108616
108617
108618
108619
108620
108621
108622
108623
108624
108625
108626
108627
108628

108629
108630

108631
108632
108633

108634
108635
108636
108637
108638
108639
108640
108641
108642
108643
108644
108645


108646
108647
108648
108649
108650

108651
108652

108653
108654
108655
108656
108657
108658
108659
108660
108661
108662
108663
108664
108665


108666
108667
108668
108669
108670
108671
108672
108673
108674
108675



108676
108677
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
......
108691
108692
108693
108694
108695
108696
108697

108698
108699
108700
108701
108702
108703
108704
108705
108706
108707
108708
108709
108710
108711
108712
108713
108714

108715
108716
108717
108718
108719
108720
108721
108722
108723
108724
108725
108726
108727
108728
108729
108730
108731
108732
108733
108734
108735
108736
108737
108738
108739
108740
108741
108742
108743
108744
108745
108746
108747
108748
108749
108750
......
108782
108783
108784
108785
108786
108787
108788
108789
108790
108791
108792
108793
108794
108795
108796
108797
......
108799
108800
108801
108802
108803
108804
108805
108806
108807
108808
108809
108810
108811
108812
108813
108814
108815
108816
108817
108818
108819
108820
108821
108822
108823
108824
108825
108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
108833
108834
108835
108836

108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
108844
108845
108846
108847
108848
108849
108850
108851
108852
108853
108854
108855
108856
108857
108858
108859
108860
108861
108862
108863
108864
108865
108866
108867
108868
108869
108870
......
108881
108882
108883
108884
108885
108886
108887
108888
108889
108890
108891
108892
108893
108894
108895
......
108923
108924
108925
108926
108927
108928
108929
108930
108931
108932
108933
108934
108935
108936
108937
108938
108939
108940
......
108946
108947
108948
108949
108950
108951
108952
108953
108954
108955
108956
108957
108958
108959
108960
108961
108962
......
108967
108968
108969
108970
108971
108972
108973
108974
108975
108976
108977
108978
108979
108980
108981
108982
108983
108984
108985
108986
108987
108988
108989
108990
108991
108992
108993
108994
108995
108996
108997
108998
......
109037
109038
109039
109040
109041
109042
109043
109044
109045
109046
109047
109048
109049
109050
109051
......
109053
109054
109055
109056
109057
109058
109059
109060
109061
109062
109063
109064
109065
109066
109067
109068
109069
109070
......
109078
109079
109080
109081
109082
109083
109084
109085
109086
109087
109088
109089
109090
109091
109092
......
109103
109104
109105
109106
109107
109108
109109

109110
109111
109112
109113
109114
109115
109116
109117
109118
109119
109120
109121
......
109127
109128
109129
109130
109131
109132
109133
109134
109135
109136
109137
109138
109139
109140
109141
109142
109143
109144
109145
109146
109147
......
109162
109163
109164
109165
109166
109167
109168
109169
109170
109171
109172
109173
109174
109175
109176
109177
109178
109179
109180
109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
109186
109187
109188
109189
109190
109191
109192
109193
109194
109195
109196
109197
109198
109199
109200
109201
109202
109203
109204
109205
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
109221
109222
109223
109224
109225
109226
109227
109228
109229
109230
109231
......
109244
109245
109246
109247
109248
109249
109250
109251
109252
109253
109254
109255
109256

109257
109258
109259
109260
109261
109262


109263


109264
109265
109266


109267
109268
109269
109270
109271
109272
109273
109274
109275
109276
109277
109278
109279
109280
109281
109282
109283
109284
109285
......
109288
109289
109290
109291
109292
109293
109294
109295
109296
109297
109298
109299
109300






































109301
109302
109303





109304








































109305
109306
109307
109308
























109309
109310
109311
109312



























































































































































































































































































































































































109313
109314





























































































































































































109315
109316










































































109317























































109318









109319

109320





109321

109322







































































































































































































































































109323
109324








































109325
109326



























































































































































































































































































































109327

109328
109329






109330
109331






























109332

109333
109334





















109335


























































109336
109337
109338
109339
109340
109341
109342
......
109405
109406
109407
109408
109409
109410
109411
109412

109413
109414
109415
109416
109417
109418
109419
109420
109421
109422
109423
109424
109425
109426
109427
109428
109429
109430
109431
109432
109433
109434
109435
109436
109437
109438
109439
109440
109441
109442
109443
109444
109445

109446
109447
109448
109449
109450








109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
......
109468
109469
109470
109471
109472
109473
109474
109475
109476
109477
109478
109479
109480
109481
109482
109483
109484
109485
109486
109487
109488
109489


109490
109491
109492
109493
109494

109495
109496
109497
109498
109499




109500
109501
109502
109503
109504
109505
109506
109507

109508
109509
109510
109511
109512
109513
109514
109515









109516
109517
109518
109519
109520
109521
109522
......
109545
109546
109547
109548
109549
109550
109551
109552
109553
109554
109555
109556
109557
109558
109559
109560
109561
109562
109563
109564
109565
109566
109567
109568
109569
109570
109571
109572
109573
109574
109575
109576
109577
109578
109579
109580
109581

109582
109583
109584
109585
109586
109587
109588
109589
109590
109591
109592
109593
109594
109595
109596



109597
109598
109599
109600
109601
109602
109603
109604
109605
109606
109607
109608
109609
109610
109611
109612
109613
109614
109615
109616
109617
109618
109619
109620
109621
109622
109623
109624
109625
109626
109627
109628
109629
109630
109631
109632
109633
109634
109635
109636
109637
109638
109639
109640
109641
109642
109643
109644
109645
109646
109647
109648
109649
109650
109651
109652
109653
109654
109655
109656
109657
109658
109659
109660








109661
109662
109663
109664
109665
109666
109667
109668
109669
109670
109671
109672
109673





109674
109675
109676
109677
109678










109679
109680
109681
109682
109683
109684
109685
109686
109687
109688
109689
109690
109691
109692
109693





109694
109695
109696
109697
109698
109699
109700
109701


109702
109703
109704


109705
109706
109707
109708
109709
109710
109711
109712
109713
109714
109715
109716
109717






109718




109719
109720
109721
109722
109723
109724
109725
109726
109727
109728
109729
109730
109731
109732
109733
109734
109735
109736
109737
109738
109739
109740
109741
109742
109743
109744
109745
109746
109747
109748
109749
109750
109751
109752



109753



109754
109755
109756
109757
109758
109759



109760
109761
109762
109763
109764
109765
109766
109767
109768
109769
109770
109771
109772
109773
109774
109775
109776
109777
109778
109779
109780
109781












109782
109783
109784
109785
109786
109787

109788
109789
109790







109791
109792
109793
109794
109795
109796
109797
109798
109799
109800
109801
109802



109803
109804
109805
109806
109807
109808
109809
109810
109811
109812
109813
109814
109815
109816
109817
109818

109819
109820
109821
109822
109823
109824
109825
109826
109827
109828
109829
109830
109831
109832
109833
109834
109835
109836
109837
109838
109839
109840
109841

109842
109843
109844
109845
109846
109847
109848
109849
109850
109851
109852
109853
109854
109855
109856
109857
109858
109859
109860

109861
109862
109863
109864
109865
109866
109867
109868
109869
109870
109871
109872
109873
109874
109875
109876
109877
109878
109879
109880
109881
109882
109883
109884
109885
109886
109887
109888
109889
109890
109891
109892
109893
109894
109895
109896
109897

109898
109899
109900
109901
109902
109903
109904
109905
109906
109907
109908
109909
109910
109911
109912
109913
109914
109915
109916
109917
109918
109919
109920
109921
109922
109923
109924
109925
109926
109927
109928
109929
109930
109931
109932
109933
109934
109935
109936
109937
109938
109939
109940
109941
109942
109943
109944
109945
109946
109947
109948
109949
109950
109951
109952
109953
109954
109955
109956
109957
109958
109959
109960
109961
109962
109963
109964
109965
109966
109967
109968
109969
109970
109971
109972
109973
109974
109975
109976
109977
109978
109979
109980
109981
109982
109983
109984
109985
......
109992
109993
109994
109995
109996
109997
109998

109999
110000
110001
110002
110003
110004
110005
110006

110007
110008
110009
110010
110011
110012
110013
110014
110015
110016
110017
110018
110019
......
110020
110021
110022
110023
110024
110025
110026
110027
110028
110029
110030
110031
110032
110033
110034
110035
110036
110037
110038
110039
......
110044
110045
110046
110047
110048
110049
110050
110051
110052
110053
110054
110055
110056

110057
110058
110059
110060
110061
110062
110063
110064
110065
110066
110067
110068
110069
110070
110071
110072
110073
110074
110075
110076
110077
110078
110079
110080
110081
110082
110083
110084
110085
110086
110087
110088
110089
110090
110091
110092
110093
110094
110095
......
110097
110098
110099
110100
110101
110102
110103
110104
110105
110106
110107
110108
110109
110110
110111
110112
......
110336
110337
110338
110339
110340
110341
110342
110343
110344
110345
110346
110347
110348
110349
110350
......
110409
110410
110411
110412
110413
110414
110415
110416
110417
110418
110419
110420
110421
110422
110423
110424
110425
110426
110427
110428
110429
110430
110431
110432
110433
110434
110435
110436
110437
110438
110439
110440
110441
110442
110443
110444
110445
110446
110447
110448
110449
110450
110451
110452
110453
110454
110455
110456
110457
110458
110459
110460
110461
110462
110463
110464
110465
110466
110467
110468
110469
110470
110471
110472
110473
110474
110475
110476
110477
110478
110479
110480
110481
110482
110483
110484
110485
110486
110487
110488
110489
110490
110491
110492
110493
110494
110495
110496
110497
110498
110499
110500
110501
110502
110503
110504
110505
110506
110507
110508
110509
110510
110511
110512
110513
110514
110515
110516
110517
110518
110519
110520
110521
110522
110523
110524
110525
110526
110527
110528
110529
110530
110531
110532
110533
110534
110535
110536
110537
110538
110539
110540
110541
110542
110543
110544
110545
110546
110547
110548
110549
110550
110551
110552
110553
110554
110555
110556
110557
110558
110559
110560
110561
110562
110563
110564
110565
110566
110567
110568
110569
110570
110571
110572
110573
110574
110575
110576
110577
110578
110579
......
110717
110718
110719
110720
110721
110722
110723
110724
110725
110726
110727
110728
110729
110730
110731
110732
110733
110734
110735
110736
110737
110738
110739
110740
110741
......
110744
110745
110746
110747
110748
110749
110750
110751
110752
110753
110754
110755
110756
110757
110758
110759
110760
110761
110762
110763
110764
110765
110766
110767
110768
110769
110770
110771
110772
110773
110774
110775
110776
110777
110778
110779
110780
110781
110782
110783
110784
110785
110786
110787
110788
110789
110790
110791
......
110798
110799
110800
110801
110802
110803
110804
110805
110806
110807
110808
110809
110810
110811
110812
110813
110814
110815
110816
110817
110818
110819
110820
110821
110822
110823
110824
110825
110826
110827
110828
110829
110830
110831
110832
110833
110834
110835
110836
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
110867
110868
110869
110870
110871
110872
110873
110874
110875
110876
110877
110878
110879
110880
110881
110882
110883
110884
110885
110886
110887
110888
......
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351
111352
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
......
112065
112066
112067
112068
112069
112070
112071
112072
112073
112074
112075
112076
112077
112078
112079
......
112507
112508
112509
112510
112511
112512
112513

112514
112515
112516
112517
112518
112519
112520
......
113069
113070
113071
113072
113073
113074
113075
113076
113077
113078
113079
113080
113081
113082
113083
113084
113085
113086
113087
......
113999
114000
114001
114002
114003
114004
114005
114006
114007
114008
114009
114010
114011
114012
114013
......
114032
114033
114034
114035
114036
114037
114038
114039
114040
114041
114042
114043
114044
114045
114046
......
114272
114273
114274
114275
114276
114277
114278
114279
114280
114281
114282
114283
114284
114285
114286
......
114894
114895
114896
114897
114898
114899
114900



114901
114902
114903
114904
114905
114906
114907
......
114991
114992
114993
114994
114995
114996
114997



114998
114999
115000
115001
115002
115003
115004
......
115031
115032
115033
115034
115035
115036
115037
115038
115039
115040
115041
115042
115043
115044
115045
......
115219
115220
115221
115222
115223
115224
115225
115226
115227
115228
115229
115230
115231
115232
115233
115234
......
115239
115240
115241
115242
115243
115244
115245
115246
115247
115248
115249
115250
115251
115252
115253
......
115478
115479
115480
115481
115482
115483
115484
115485
115486
115487
115488
115489
115490
115491
115492
......
115625
115626
115627
115628
115629
115630
115631
115632
115633
115634
115635
115636
115637
115638
115639
115640
115641
115642
115643
115644
......
115684
115685
115686
115687
115688
115689
115690






115691
115692
115693
115694
115695
115696
115697
......
115785
115786
115787
115788
115789
115790
115791







115792

115793
115794
115795
115796
115797
115798
115799
115800
115801
115802
115803
115804
115805
115806
115807
115808
115809
115810
115811
115812
115813


115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
......
115833
115834
115835
115836
115837
115838
115839

115840
115841
115842
115843
115844
115845
115846
......
115867
115868
115869
115870
115871
115872
115873

115874
115875
115876
115877
115878
115879
115880
......
115906
115907
115908
115909
115910
115911
115912

115913
115914
115915
115916
115917
115918
115919
......
116066
116067
116068
116069
116070
116071
116072
116073
116074
116075
116076
116077
116078
116079
116080
......
116164
116165
116166
116167
116168
116169
116170
116171
116172
116173
116174
116175
116176
116177
116178
......
116745
116746
116747
116748
116749
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
......
116943
116944
116945
116946
116947
116948
116949


116950
116951
116952
116953
116954
116955
116956
116957
116958
116959
116960
116961
116962
116963

116964
116965
116966
116967
116968
116969
116970
......
117220
117221
117222
117223
117224
117225
117226
117227



117228
117229
117230
117231
117232
117233
117234
......
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
......
118764
118765
118766
118767
118768
118769
118770
118771
118772
118773
118774
118775
118776
118777
118778
......
119049
119050
119051
119052
119053
119054
119055












119056
119057
119058
119059
119060
119061
119062
......
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
119211

119212
119213
119214
119215
119216
119217
119218
......
119432
119433
119434
119435
119436
119437
119438
119439
119440
119441
119442
119443
119444
119445
119446
......
120365
120366
120367
120368
120369
120370
120371


120372
120373
120374
120375
120376
120377
120378
120379
120380

120381








120382
120383


120384
120385
120386
120387
120388
120389
120390
......
120415
120416
120417
120418
120419
120420
120421
120422

120423
120424
120425
120426
120427
120428
120429
......
120481
120482
120483
120484
120485
120486
120487





120488
120489
120490
120491
120492
120493
120494
......
120552
120553
120554
120555
120556
120557
120558

120559
120560
120561
120562
120563
120564
120565
......
120585
120586
120587
120588
120589
120590
120591

120592
120593
120594
120595
120596
120597
120598
120599
120600
120601
......
120608
120609
120610
120611
120612
120613
120614



















120615
120616
120617
120618
120619
120620
120621
120622
......
120649
120650
120651
120652
120653
120654
120655

120656

120657
120658
120659
120660
120661
120662
120663
......
120707
120708
120709
120710
120711
120712
120713
120714
120715
120716
120717
120718
120719
120720
120721
......
122268
122269
122270
122271
122272
122273
122274
122275
122276
122277
122278
122279
122280
122281
122282
122283
122284
122285
122286
......
124623
124624
124625
124626
124627
124628
124629



124630
124631
124632
124633
124634
124635
124636
124637
......
126127
126128
126129
126130
126131
126132
126133
126134
126135
126136
126137
126138
126139
126140
126141
126142
126143
126144
126145
126146
126147
126148
126149
126150
126151
126152
126153

126154
126155
126156
126157
126158
126159
126160
......
127641
127642
127643
127644
127645
127646
127647
127648
127649
127650
127651
127652
127653
127654
127655
......
129108
129109
129110
129111
129112
129113
129114
129115
129116
129117
129118
129119
129120
129121
129122
129123
129124
129125
129126
129127
129128
129129
129130
129131


129132
129133
129134
129135

129136
129137


129138
129139
129140
129141
129142
129143
129144
129145
129146
129147
129148
129149
129150
129151
129152
......
129526
129527
129528
129529
129530
129531
129532


129533
129534
129535
129536
129537
129538

129539
129540
129541
129542
129543
129544
129545
......
129678
129679
129680
129681
129682
129683
129684


129685
129686
129687

129688
129689
129690
129691
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129694
......
130081
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......
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131483
......
131922
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131926
131927
131928

131929
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131931

131932
131933
131934
131935
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131938
......
133727
133728
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133733

133734
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133762

133763
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133765
133766
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133768
133769
......
133916
133917
133918
133919
133920
133921
133922



133923
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......
134535
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134537
134538
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134541

134542
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134547
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......
136049
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......
139665
139666
139667
139668
139669
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139671



139672
139673
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139675
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......
139703
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139705
139706
139707
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139709
139710
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139713
139714
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......
140167
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140173



140174
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140181
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.17.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the libary is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
................................................................................
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** (Historical note:  There used to be several other options, but we've
** pared it down to just these three.)
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
................................................................................
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems.  But Mac OS X is different.
** The _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X we are told,
** so it is omitted there.  See ticket #2673.
**
** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
** implemented on some systems.  So we avoid defining it at all
** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
** not doing a threadsafe build.  Ticket #2681.
**
** See also ticket #2741.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) \
 && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500  /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
#endif

/*
** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
# include <tcl.h>
#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and run faster by disabling the
** number assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
................................................................................
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code then specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
................................................................................
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  GCC is able to
** use these hints to generate better code, sometimes.

*/
#if defined(__GNUC__) && 0
# define likely(X)    __builtin_expect((X),1)
# define unlikely(X)  __builtin_expect((X),0)
#else
# define likely(X)    !!(X)
# define unlikely(X)  !!(X)
#endif

/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.17"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007017
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-05-16 01:02:45 9ffff3d05226bbd01a0745dd0a511776358253c0"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN           (SQLITE_IOERR | (18<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE           (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))

#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))

#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))


/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
** [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()] for
** database connection D.  An example use for this
** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the 
** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the number of 
** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
** invocations of the callback X.

**
** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
** old one.  ^Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler.
** ^The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less
** than 1.
**
................................................................................
** registered the application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
**
** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
** metadata associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression

** pattern.  The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
** value to the application-defined function. ^If no metadata has been ever
** been set for the Nth argument of the function, or if the corresponding
** function parameter has changed since the meta-data was set,
** then sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface saves the metadata
** pointed to by its 3rd parameter as the metadata for the N-th
** argument of the application-defined function.  Subsequent
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata() might return this data, if it has


** not been destroyed.
** ^If it is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor
** function given by the 4th parameter to sqlite3_set_auxdata() on

** the metadata when the corresponding function parameter changes
** or when the SQL statement completes, whichever comes first.





**
** SQLite is free to call the destructor and drop metadata on any
** parameter of any function at any time.  ^The only guarantee is that
** the destructor will be called before the metadata is dropped.






**
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal

** values and [parameters].)^
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));

................................................................................
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);






/*
** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it.  If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
** database is decrypted.
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);






/*
** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
................................................................................
** xEntryPoint() returns an error, the [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
** or [sqlite3_open_v2()] call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail.
**
** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()].

*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));













/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
................................................................................
** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
** </dd>






** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9

#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  9   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>









** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3


/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque.  It is implemented by
** the pluggable module.  The SQLite core has no knowledge of
** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#if 0
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif

/*
** 2010 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** GCC does not define the offsetof() macro so we'll have to do it
** ourselves.
*/
#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(STRUCTURE,FIELD) ((int)((char*)&((STRUCTURE*)0)->FIELD))
#endif







/*
** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC.  (Yes, believe it or
** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
*/
#if 'A' == '\301'
# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
#else
................................................................................
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
typedef struct WherePlan WherePlan;
typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;

/*
** Defer sourcing vdbe.h and btree.h until after the "u8" and 
** "BusyHandler" typedefs. vdbe.h also requires a few of the opaque
** pointer types (i.e. FuncDef) defined above.
*/
/************** Include btree.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
................................................................................
#define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct Vdbe Vdbe;

/*
** The names of the following types declared in vdbeInt.h are required
** for the VdbeOp definition.
*/
typedef struct VdbeFunc VdbeFunc;
typedef struct Mem Mem;
typedef struct SubProgram SubProgram;

/*
** A single instruction of the virtual machine has an opcode
** and as many as three operands.  The instruction is recorded
** as an instance of the following structure:
................................................................................
  union {             /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
    VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;   /* Used when p4type is P4_VDBEFUNC */
    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
*/
#define P4_NOTUSED    0   /* The P4 parameter is not used */
#define P4_DYNAMIC  (-1)  /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
#define P4_STATIC   (-2)  /* Pointer to a static string */
#define P4_COLLSEQ  (-4)  /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
#define P4_FUNCDEF  (-5)  /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
#define P4_KEYINFO  (-6)  /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
#define P4_VDBEFUNC (-7)  /* P4 is a pointer to a VdbeFunc structure */
#define P4_MEM      (-8)  /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem*    structure */
#define P4_TRANSIENT  0   /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
#define P4_VTAB     (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
................................................................................
** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
*/
/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */













#define OP_Goto                                 1
#define OP_Gosub                                2
#define OP_Return                               3
#define OP_Yield                                4
#define OP_HaltIfNull                           5

#define OP_Halt                                 6
#define OP_Integer                              7
#define OP_Int64                                8
#define OP_Real                               130   /* same as TK_FLOAT    */
#define OP_String8                             94   /* same as TK_STRING   */
#define OP_String                               9
#define OP_Null                                10
#define OP_Blob                                11
#define OP_Variable                            12
#define OP_Move                                13
#define OP_Copy                                14
#define OP_SCopy                               15
#define OP_ResultRow                           16
#define OP_Concat                              91   /* same as TK_CONCAT   */
#define OP_Add                                 86   /* same as TK_PLUS     */
#define OP_Subtract                            87   /* same as TK_MINUS    */
#define OP_Multiply                            88   /* same as TK_STAR     */
#define OP_Divide                              89   /* same as TK_SLASH    */
#define OP_Remainder                           90   /* same as TK_REM      */
#define OP_CollSeq                             17
#define OP_Function                            18
#define OP_BitAnd                              82   /* same as TK_BITAND   */
#define OP_BitOr                               83   /* same as TK_BITOR    */
#define OP_ShiftLeft                           84   /* same as TK_LSHIFT   */
#define OP_ShiftRight                          85   /* same as TK_RSHIFT   */
#define OP_AddImm                              20
#define OP_MustBeInt                           21
#define OP_RealAffinity                        22
#define OP_ToText                             141   /* same as TK_TO_TEXT  */
#define OP_ToBlob                             142   /* same as TK_TO_BLOB  */
#define OP_ToNumeric                          143   /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC*/
#define OP_ToInt                              144   /* same as TK_TO_INT   */
#define OP_ToReal                             145   /* same as TK_TO_REAL  */
#define OP_Eq                                  76   /* same as TK_EQ       */
#define OP_Ne                                  75   /* same as TK_NE       */
#define OP_Lt                                  79   /* same as TK_LT       */
#define OP_Le                                  78   /* same as TK_LE       */
#define OP_Gt                                  77   /* same as TK_GT       */
#define OP_Ge                                  80   /* same as TK_GE       */
#define OP_Permutation                         23
#define OP_Compare                             24
#define OP_Jump                                25
#define OP_And                                 69   /* same as TK_AND      */
#define OP_Or                                  68   /* same as TK_OR       */
#define OP_Not                                 19   /* same as TK_NOT      */
#define OP_BitNot                              93   /* same as TK_BITNOT   */
#define OP_Once                                26
#define OP_If                                  27
#define OP_IfNot                               28
#define OP_IsNull                              73   /* same as TK_ISNULL   */
#define OP_NotNull                             74   /* same as TK_NOTNULL  */
#define OP_Column                              29
#define OP_Affinity                            30
#define OP_MakeRecord                          31
#define OP_Count                               32
#define OP_Savepoint                           33
#define OP_AutoCommit                          34
#define OP_Transaction                         35
#define OP_ReadCookie                          36
#define OP_SetCookie                           37
#define OP_VerifyCookie                        38
#define OP_OpenRead                            39
#define OP_OpenWrite                           40
#define OP_OpenAutoindex                       41
#define OP_OpenEphemeral                       42
#define OP_SorterOpen                          43
#define OP_OpenPseudo                          44
#define OP_Close                               45
#define OP_SeekLt                              46
#define OP_SeekLe                              47
#define OP_SeekGe                              48
#define OP_SeekGt                              49
#define OP_Seek                                50
#define OP_NotFound                            51
#define OP_Found                               52
#define OP_IsUnique                            53
#define OP_NotExists                           54
#define OP_Sequence                            55
#define OP_NewRowid                            56
#define OP_Insert                              57
#define OP_InsertInt                           58


#define OP_Delete                              59
#define OP_ResetCount                          60
#define OP_SorterCompare                       61








#define OP_SorterData                          62










#define OP_RowKey                              63


#define OP_RowData                             64
#define OP_Rowid                               65
#define OP_NullRow                             66
#define OP_Last                                67
#define OP_SorterSort                          70
#define OP_Sort                                71
#define OP_Rewind                              72
#define OP_SorterNext                          81
#define OP_Prev                                92
#define OP_Next                                95
#define OP_SorterInsert                        96
#define OP_IdxInsert                           97
#define OP_IdxDelete                           98
#define OP_IdxRowid                            99
#define OP_IdxLT                              100
#define OP_IdxGE                              101
#define OP_Destroy                            102
#define OP_Clear                              103
#define OP_CreateIndex                        104
#define OP_CreateTable                        105
#define OP_ParseSchema                        106
#define OP_LoadAnalysis                       107
#define OP_DropTable                          108
#define OP_DropIndex                          109
#define OP_DropTrigger                        110
#define OP_IntegrityCk                        111
#define OP_RowSetAdd                          112
#define OP_RowSetRead                         113
#define OP_RowSetTest                         114
#define OP_Program                            115
#define OP_Param                              116
#define OP_FkCounter                          117
#define OP_FkIfZero                           118
#define OP_MemMax                             119
#define OP_IfPos                              120
#define OP_IfNeg                              121
#define OP_IfZero                             122
#define OP_AggStep                            123
#define OP_AggFinal                           124
#define OP_Checkpoint                         125
#define OP_JournalMode                        126
#define OP_Vacuum                             127

#define OP_IncrVacuum                         128
#define OP_Expire                             129
#define OP_TableLock                          131
#define OP_VBegin                             132
#define OP_VCreate                            133
#define OP_VDestroy                           134
#define OP_VOpen                              135
#define OP_VFilter                            136
#define OP_VColumn                            137
#define OP_VNext                              138
#define OP_VRename                            139




#define OP_VUpdate                            140
#define OP_Pagecount                          146
#define OP_MaxPgcnt                           147
#define OP_Trace                              148
#define OP_Noop                               149
#define OP_Explain                            150


................................................................................
#define OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE 0x0002  /* out2-prerelease: */
#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0004  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0008  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0010  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0020  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0040  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04, 0x10, 0x00, 0x02,\


/*   8 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x24,\
/*  16 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x24, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04, 0x00,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  32 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  40 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11,\
/*  48 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x08, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02,\
/*  56 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  64 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*  72 */ 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x01, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x01, 0x24, 0x02, 0x01,\

/*  96 */ 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08,\
/* 120 */ 0x05, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
................................................................................

/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerAcquire().
*/
#define PAGER_ACQUIRE_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_ACQUIRE_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */













/*
** The remainder of this file contains the declarations of the functions
** that make up the Pager sub-system API. See source code comments for 
** a detailed description of each routine.
*/

/* Open and close a Pager connection. */ 
................................................................................
/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u32*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(Pager *, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerShrink(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(Pager *, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_backup **sqlite3PagerBackupPtr(Pager*);

................................................................................
** in the sqlite.aDb[] array.  aDb[0] is the main database file and
** aDb[1] is the database file used to hold temporary tables.  Additional
** databases may be attached.
*/
struct Db {
  char *zName;         /* Name of this database */
  Btree *pBt;          /* The B*Tree structure for this database file */
  u8 inTrans;          /* 0: not writable.  1: Transaction.  2: Checkpoint */
  u8 safety_level;     /* How aggressive at syncing data to disk */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Pointer to database schema (possibly shared) */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure stores a database schema.
**
................................................................................
  int aLimit[SQLITE_N_LIMIT];   /* Limits */
  struct sqlite3InitInfo {      /* Information used during initialization */
    int newTnum;                /* Rootpage of table being initialized */
    u8 iDb;                     /* Which db file is being initialized */
    u8 busy;                    /* TRUE if currently initializing */
    u8 orphanTrigger;           /* Last statement is orphaned TEMP trigger */
  } init;
  int activeVdbeCnt;            /* Number of VDBEs currently executing */
  int writeVdbeCnt;             /* Number of active VDBEs that are writing */

  int vdbeExecCnt;              /* Number of nested calls to VdbeExec() */
  int nExtension;               /* Number of loaded extensions */
  void **aExtension;            /* Array of shared library handles */
  void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*);        /* Trace function */
  void *pTraceArg;                          /* Argument to the trace function */
  void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,u64);  /* Profiling function */
  void *pProfileArg;                        /* Argument to profile function */
  void *pCommitArg;                 /* Argument to xCommitCallback() */   
................................................................................
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
                                /* Access authorization function */
  void *pAuthArg;               /* 1st argument to the access auth function */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  int (*xProgress)(void *);     /* The progress callback */
  void *pProgressArg;           /* Argument to the progress callback */
  int nProgressOps;             /* Number of opcodes for progress callback */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nVTrans;                  /* Allocated size of aVTrans */
  Hash aModule;                 /* populated by sqlite3_create_module() */
  VtabCtx *pVtabCtx;            /* Context for active vtab connect/create */
  VTable **aVTrans;             /* Virtual tables with open transactions */
  VTable *pDisconnect;    /* Disconnect these in next sqlite3_prepare() */
................................................................................
  BusyHandler busyHandler;      /* Busy callback */
  Db aDbStatic[2];              /* Static space for the 2 default backends */
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;        /* List of active savepoints */
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */

  int *pnBytesFreed;            /* If not NULL, increment this in DbFree() */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER 
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c. 
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
................................................................................
#define ENC(db) ((db)->aDb[0].pSchema->enc)

/*
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
*/
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x00000001  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_InternChanges  0x00000002  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */



#define SQLITE_FullColNames   0x00000004  /* Show full column names on SELECT */
#define SQLITE_ShortColNames  0x00000008  /* Show short columns names */
#define SQLITE_CountRows      0x00000010  /* Count rows changed by INSERT, */
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000020  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000040  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000080  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000100  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x00000200  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00000400  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0000800  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00001000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00002000  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00004000  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00008000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00010000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
#define SQLITE_RecTriggers    0x00020000  /* Enable recursive triggers */
#define SQLITE_ForeignKeys    0x00040000  /* Enforce foreign key constraints  */
#define SQLITE_AutoIndex      0x00080000  /* Enable automatic indexes */
#define SQLITE_PreferBuiltin  0x00100000  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define SQLITE_LoadExtension  0x00200000  /* Enable load_extension */
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00400000  /* True to enable triggers */




/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */


#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
*/
struct Savepoint {
  char *zName;                        /* Savepoint name (nul-terminated) */
  i64 nDeferredCons;                  /* Number of deferred fk violations */

  Savepoint *pNext;                   /* Parent savepoint (if any) */
};

/*
** The following are used as the second parameter to sqlite3Savepoint(),
** and as the P1 argument to the OP_Savepoint instruction.
*/
................................................................................
#define OE_Default  99  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.




*/
struct KeyInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the SQLITE_UTF* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in aColl[] */
  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* Sort order for each column.  May be NULL */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
** values.
................................................................................
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
typedef u64 Bitmask;

/*
** The number of bits in a Bitmask.  "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
*/
#define BMS  ((int)(sizeof(Bitmask)*8))






/*
** The following structure describes the FROM clause of a SELECT statement.
** Each table or subquery in the FROM clause is a separate element of
** the SrcList.a[] array.
**
** With the addition of multiple database support, the following structure
** can also be used to describe a particular table such as the table that
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  i16 nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  i16 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
................................................................................
#define JT_NATURAL   0x0004    /* True for a "natural" join */
#define JT_LEFT      0x0008    /* Left outer join */
#define JT_RIGHT     0x0010    /* Right outer join */
#define JT_OUTER     0x0020    /* The "OUTER" keyword is present */
#define JT_ERROR     0x0040    /* unknown or unsupported join type */


/*
** A WherePlan object holds information that describes a lookup
** strategy.
**
** This object is intended to be opaque outside of the where.c module.
** It is included here only so that that compiler will know how big it
** is.  None of the fields in this object should be used outside of
** the where.c module.
**
** Within the union, pIdx is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_INDEXED is true.
** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true.  And pVtabIdx
** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true.  It is never the
** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
*/
struct WherePlan {
  u32 wsFlags;                   /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
  u16 nEq;                       /* Number of == constraints */
  u16 nOBSat;                    /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied */
  double nRow;                   /* Estimated number of rows (for EQP) */
  union {
    Index *pIdx;                   /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
    struct WhereTerm *pTerm;       /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx;  /* Virtual table index to use */
  } u;
};

/*
** For each nested loop in a WHERE clause implementation, the WhereInfo
** structure contains a single instance of this structure.  This structure
** is intended to be private to the where.c module and should not be
** access or modified by other modules.
**
** The pIdxInfo field is used to help pick the best index on a
** virtual table.  The pIdxInfo pointer contains indexing
** information for the i-th table in the FROM clause before reordering.
** All the pIdxInfo pointers are freed by whereInfoFree() in where.c.
** All other information in the i-th WhereLevel object for the i-th table
** after FROM clause ordering.
*/
struct WhereLevel {
  WherePlan plan;       /* query plan for this element of the FROM clause */
  int iLeftJoin;        /* Memory cell used to implement LEFT OUTER JOIN */
  int iTabCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access the table */
  int iIdxCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access pIdx */
  int addrBrk;          /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrNxt;          /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
  int addrCont;         /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
  int addrFirst;        /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
  u8 iFrom;             /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
  u8 op, p5;            /* Opcode and P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  double rOptCost;      /* "Optimal" cost for this level */

  /* The following field is really not part of the current level.  But
  ** we need a place to cache virtual table index information for each
  ** virtual table in the FROM clause and the WhereLevel structure is
  ** a convenient place since there is one WhereLevel for each FROM clause
  ** element.
  */
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;  /* Index info for n-th source table */
};

/*
** Flags appropriate for the wctrlFlags parameter of sqlite3WhereBegin()
** and the WhereInfo.wctrlFlags member.
*/
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL   0x0000 /* No-op */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */




/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
** into the second half to give some continuity.
*/
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  u16 nOBSat;               /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int nLevel;               /* Number of nested loop */
  struct WhereClause *pWC;  /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  double savedNQueryLoop;   /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  double nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/* Allowed values for WhereInfo.eDistinct and DistinctCtx.eTnctType */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */

/*
** A NameContext defines a context in which to resolve table and column
................................................................................
** NameContext in the parent query.  Thus the process of scanning the
** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
** subqueries looking for a match.
*/
struct NameContext {
  Parse *pParse;       /* The parser */
  SrcList *pSrcList;   /* One or more tables used to resolve names */
  ExprList *pEList;    /* Optional list of named expressions */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;   /* Information about aggregates at this level */
  NameContext *pNext;  /* Next outer name context.  NULL for outermost */
  int nRef;            /* Number of names resolved by this context */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
  u8 ncFlags;          /* Zero or more NC_* flags defined below */
};

................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for the NameContext, ncFlags field.
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x01    /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x02    /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x04    /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x08    /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_AsMaybe   0x10    /* Resolve to AS terms of the result set only
                             ** if no other resolution is available */

/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
................................................................................
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u16 selFlags;          /* Various SF_* values */
  int iLimit, iOffset;   /* Memory registers holding LIMIT & OFFSET counters */
  int addrOpenEphm[3];   /* OP_OpenEphem opcodes related to this select */
  double nSelectRow;     /* Estimated number of result rows */
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  Select *pNext;         /* Next select to the left in a compound */
................................................................................
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */



/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */
  u8 nTempInUse;       /* Number of aTempReg[] currently checked out */
  u8 nColCache;        /* Number of entries in aColCache[] */
  u8 iColCache;        /* Next entry in aColCache[] to replace */
  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */

  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors seen */
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */

  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    int iColumn;          /* Table column number */
    u8 tempReg;           /* iReg is a temp register that needs to be freed */
    int iLevel;           /* Nesting level */
................................................................................
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
  Parse *pToplevel;    /* Parse structure for main program (or NULL) */
  Table *pTriggerTab;  /* Table triggers are being coded for */
  double nQueryLoop;   /* Estimated number of iterations of a query */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */

  /* Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);






SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RunVacuum(char**, sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3NameFromToken(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngResetState(void);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(Vdbe*, const Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, Trigger *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SchemaClear(void *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CreateFunc(sqlite3 *, const char *, int, int, void *, 
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **), void (*)(sqlite3_context*),
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
................................................................................

/* Opaque type used by code in vdbesort.c */
typedef struct VdbeSorter VdbeSorter;

/* Opaque type used by the explainer */
typedef struct Explain Explain;




/*
** A cursor is a pointer into a single BTree within a database file.
** The cursor can seek to a BTree entry with a particular key, or
** loop over all entries of the Btree.  You can also insert new BTree
** entries or retrieve the key or data from the entry that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.
** 
................................................................................
** Return true if a memory cell is not marked as invalid.  This macro
** is for use inside assert() statements only.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define memIsValid(M)  ((M)->flags & MEM_Invalid)==0
#endif



/* A VdbeFunc is just a FuncDef (defined in sqliteInt.h) that contains
** additional information about auxiliary information bound to arguments
** of the function.  This is used to implement the sqlite3_get_auxdata()
** and sqlite3_set_auxdata() APIs.  The "auxdata" is some auxiliary data
** that can be associated with a constant argument to a function.  This
** allows functions such as "regexp" to compile their constant regular
** expression argument once and reused the compiled code for multiple
** invocations.
*/
struct VdbeFunc {
  FuncDef *pFunc;               /* The definition of the function */
  int nAux;                     /* Number of entries allocated for apAux[] */
  struct AuxData {


    void *pAux;                   /* Aux data for the i-th argument */
    void (*xDelete)(void *);      /* Destructor for the aux data */
  } apAux[1];                   /* One slot for each function argument */

};

/*
** The "context" argument for a installable function.  A pointer to an
** instance of this structure is the first argument to the routines used
** implement the SQL functions.
**
................................................................................
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information.  MUST BE FIRST */
  VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;  /* Auxilary data, if created. */
  Mem s;                /* The return value is stored here */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  CollSeq *pColl;       /* Collating sequence */


  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  int skipFlag;         /* Skip skip accumulator loading if true */

};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {
................................................................................
  u8 minWriteFileFormat;  /* Minimum file format for writable database files */
  bft explain:2;          /* True if EXPLAIN present on SQL command */
  bft inVtabMethod:2;     /* See comments above */
  bft changeCntOn:1;      /* True to update the change-counter */
  bft expired:1;          /* True if the VM needs to be recompiled */
  bft runOnlyOnce:1;      /* Automatically expire on reset */
  bft usesStmtJournal:1;  /* True if uses a statement journal */
  bft readOnly:1;         /* True for read-only statements */

  bft isPrepareV2:1;      /* True if prepared with prepare_v2() */
  bft doingRerun:1;       /* True if rerunning after an auto-reprepare */
  int nChange;            /* Number of db changes made since last reset */
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  int aCounter[3];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */

  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */

};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE*, int, Op*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, int, Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(VdbeFunc*, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
................................................................................
          sqlite3PagerCacheStat(pPager, op, resetFlag, &nRet);
        }
      }
      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nRet;
      break;
    }











    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  ** of each block.  One byte per block.
  */
  u8 *aCtrl;

} mem5;

/*
** Access the static variable through a macro for SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
*/
#define mem5 GLOBAL(struct Mem5Global, mem5)

/*
** Assuming mem5.zPool is divided up into an array of Mem5Link
** structures, return a pointer to the idx-th such lik.
*/
#define MEM5LINK(idx) ((Mem5Link *)(&mem5.zPool[(idx)*mem5.szAtom]))

/*
** Unlink the chunk at mem5.aPool[i] from list it is currently
** on.  It should be found on mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize].
*/
................................................................................
  return iFirst;
}

/*
** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
** Return NULL if unable.  Return NULL if nBytes==0.
**
** The caller guarantees that nByte positive.
**
** The caller has obtained a mutex prior to invoking this
** routine so there is never any chance that two or more
** threads can be in this routine at the same time.
*/
static void *memsys5MallocUnsafe(int nByte){
  int i;           /* Index of a mem5.aPool[] slot */
................................................................................
    }
    size *= 2;
  }
  memsys5Link(iBlock, iLogsize);
}

/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory
*/
static void *memsys5Malloc(int nBytes){
  sqlite3_int64 *p = 0;
  if( nBytes>0 ){
    memsys5Enter();
    p = memsys5MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
    memsys5Leave();
................................................................................
          prefix = '-';
        }else{
          if( flag_plussign )          prefix = '+';
          else if( flag_blanksign )    prefix = ' ';
          else                         prefix = 0;
        }
        if( xtype==etGENERIC && precision>0 ) precision--;
#if 0
        /* Rounding works like BSD when the constant 0.4999 is used.  Wierd! */
        for(idx=precision, rounder=0.4999; idx>0; idx--, rounder*=0.1);
#else
        /* It makes more sense to use 0.5 */
        for(idx=precision, rounder=0.5; idx>0; idx--, rounder*=0.1){}
#endif
        if( xtype==etFLOAT ) realvalue += rounder;
        /* Normalize realvalue to within 10.0 > realvalue >= 1.0 */
        exp = 0;
        if( sqlite3IsNaN((double)realvalue) ){
          bufpt = "NaN";
          length = 3;
          break;
................................................................................
          flag_rtz = flag_altform2;
        }
        if( xtype==etEXP ){
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }
        if( e2+precision+width > etBUFSIZE - 15 ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( e2+precision+width+15 );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            pAccum->mallocFailed = 1;
            return;
          }
        }
        zOut = bufpt;
        nsd = 16 + flag_altform2*10;
................................................................................
/************** End of hash.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.c *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodec.awk script for details. */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN) || !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){
 static const char *const azName[] = { "?",
     /*   1 */ "Goto",
     /*   2 */ "Gosub",
     /*   3 */ "Return",
     /*   4 */ "Yield",
     /*   5 */ "HaltIfNull",
     /*   6 */ "Halt",
     /*   7 */ "Integer",
     /*   8 */ "Int64",
     /*   9 */ "String",
     /*  10 */ "Null",
     /*  11 */ "Blob",
     /*  12 */ "Variable",
     /*  13 */ "Move",
     /*  14 */ "Copy",
     /*  15 */ "SCopy",
     /*  16 */ "ResultRow",
     /*  17 */ "CollSeq",
     /*  18 */ "Function",
     /*  19 */ "Not",
     /*  20 */ "AddImm",
     /*  21 */ "MustBeInt",
     /*  22 */ "RealAffinity",
     /*  23 */ "Permutation",
     /*  24 */ "Compare",
     /*  25 */ "Jump",
     /*  26 */ "Once",
     /*  27 */ "If",
     /*  28 */ "IfNot",
     /*  29 */ "Column",
     /*  30 */ "Affinity",
     /*  31 */ "MakeRecord",
     /*  32 */ "Count",
     /*  33 */ "Savepoint",
     /*  34 */ "AutoCommit",
     /*  35 */ "Transaction",
     /*  36 */ "ReadCookie",
     /*  37 */ "SetCookie",
     /*  38 */ "VerifyCookie",
     /*  39 */ "OpenRead",
     /*  40 */ "OpenWrite",
     /*  41 */ "OpenAutoindex",
     /*  42 */ "OpenEphemeral",
     /*  43 */ "SorterOpen",
     /*  44 */ "OpenPseudo",
     /*  45 */ "Close",
     /*  46 */ "SeekLt",
     /*  47 */ "SeekLe",
     /*  48 */ "SeekGe",
     /*  49 */ "SeekGt",
     /*  50 */ "Seek",
     /*  51 */ "NotFound",
     /*  52 */ "Found",
     /*  53 */ "IsUnique",
     /*  54 */ "NotExists",
     /*  55 */ "Sequence",
     /*  56 */ "NewRowid",
     /*  57 */ "Insert",
     /*  58 */ "InsertInt",
     /*  59 */ "Delete",
     /*  60 */ "ResetCount",
     /*  61 */ "SorterCompare",
     /*  62 */ "SorterData",
     /*  63 */ "RowKey",
     /*  64 */ "RowData",
     /*  65 */ "Rowid",
     /*  66 */ "NullRow",
     /*  67 */ "Last",
     /*  68 */ "Or",
     /*  69 */ "And",
     /*  70 */ "SorterSort",
     /*  71 */ "Sort",
     /*  72 */ "Rewind",
     /*  73 */ "IsNull",
     /*  74 */ "NotNull",
     /*  75 */ "Ne",
     /*  76 */ "Eq",
     /*  77 */ "Gt",
     /*  78 */ "Le",
     /*  79 */ "Lt",
     /*  80 */ "Ge",
     /*  81 */ "SorterNext",
     /*  82 */ "BitAnd",
     /*  83 */ "BitOr",
     /*  84 */ "ShiftLeft",
     /*  85 */ "ShiftRight",
     /*  86 */ "Add",
     /*  87 */ "Subtract",
     /*  88 */ "Multiply",
     /*  89 */ "Divide",
     /*  90 */ "Remainder",
     /*  91 */ "Concat",
     /*  92 */ "Prev",
     /*  93 */ "BitNot",
     /*  94 */ "String8",
     /*  95 */ "Next",
     /*  96 */ "SorterInsert",
     /*  97 */ "IdxInsert",
     /*  98 */ "IdxDelete",
     /*  99 */ "IdxRowid",
     /* 100 */ "IdxLT",
     /* 101 */ "IdxGE",
     /* 102 */ "Destroy",
     /* 103 */ "Clear",
     /* 104 */ "CreateIndex",
     /* 105 */ "CreateTable",
     /* 106 */ "ParseSchema",
     /* 107 */ "LoadAnalysis",
     /* 108 */ "DropTable",
     /* 109 */ "DropIndex",
     /* 110 */ "DropTrigger",
     /* 111 */ "IntegrityCk",
     /* 112 */ "RowSetAdd",
     /* 113 */ "RowSetRead",
     /* 114 */ "RowSetTest",
     /* 115 */ "Program",
     /* 116 */ "Param",
     /* 117 */ "FkCounter",
     /* 118 */ "FkIfZero",
     /* 119 */ "MemMax",
     /* 120 */ "IfPos",
     /* 121 */ "IfNeg",
     /* 122 */ "IfZero",
     /* 123 */ "AggStep",
     /* 124 */ "AggFinal",
     /* 125 */ "Checkpoint",
     /* 126 */ "JournalMode",
     /* 127 */ "Vacuum",
     /* 128 */ "IncrVacuum",
     /* 129 */ "Expire",
     /* 130 */ "Real",
     /* 131 */ "TableLock",
     /* 132 */ "VBegin",
     /* 133 */ "VCreate",
     /* 134 */ "VDestroy",
     /* 135 */ "VOpen",
     /* 136 */ "VFilter",
     /* 137 */ "VColumn",
     /* 138 */ "VNext",
     /* 139 */ "VRename",
     /* 140 */ "VUpdate",
     /* 141 */ "ToText",
     /* 142 */ "ToBlob",
     /* 143 */ "ToNumeric",
     /* 144 */ "ToInt",
     /* 145 */ "ToReal",
     /* 146 */ "Pagecount",
     /* 147 */ "MaxPgcnt",
................................................................................
**   *  sqlite3_vfs method implementations.
**   *  Locking primitives for the proxy uber-locking-method. (MacOSX only)
**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_vfs objects for all locking methods
**      plus implementations of sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */

/* Use posix_fallocate() if it is available
*/
#if !defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) \
      && (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L)
# define HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE 1
#endif

/*
** There are various methods for file locking used for concurrency
** control:
**
**   1. POSIX locking (the default),
**   2. No locking,
**   3. Dot-file locking,
................................................................................
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;

      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
      if( newLimit>=0 ){
        pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;
        if( newLimit<pFile->mmapSize ) pFile->mmapSize = newLimit;


      }

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
**
** This file contains code that is specific to Windows.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN               /* This file is used for Windows only */

#ifdef __CYGWIN__
# include <sys/cygwin.h>

#endif

/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_win.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
................................................................................

/*
** This file mapping API is common to both Win32 and WinRT.
*/
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) */

/*
** Macro to find the minimum of two numeric values.
*/
#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(x,y) ((x)<(y)?(x):(y))
#endif

/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1) 
#endif

................................................................................
/*
 * The extra flags to use in calls to the Win32 heap APIs.  This value may be
 * zero for the default behavior.
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS     (0)
#endif


/*
** The winMemData structure stores information required by the Win32-specific
** sqlite3_mem_methods implementation.
*/
typedef struct winMemData winMemData;
struct winMemData {
................................................................................
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf);




/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, op=%d, pArg=%p\n", pFile->h, op, pArg));
................................................................................
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;

      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;

      if( newLimit>=0 ) pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;





      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#endif
  }
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_NOTFOUND\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
}

................................................................................
*/
static int winDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  winFile *p = (winFile*)id;
  return SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN |
         ((p->ctrlFlags & WINFILE_PSOW)?SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE:0);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/* 
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;



/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by 
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
**
** Function winShmMutexHeld() is used to assert() that the global mutex 
................................................................................
                       "winMapfile", pFd->zPath);
      /* Log the error, but continue normal operation using xRead/xWrite */
      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-CREATE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    assert( (nMap % winSysInfo.dwPageSize)==0 );

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    pNew = osMapViewOfFileFromApp(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, nMap);
#else
    assert( sizeof(SIZE_T)==sizeof(sqlite3_int64) || nMap<=0xffffffff );
    pNew = osMapViewOfFile(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#endif
    if( pNew==NULL ){
      osCloseHandle(pFd->hMap);
      pFd->hMap = NULL;
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
................................................................................
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}










/*
** Create a temporary file name in zBuf.  zBuf must be big enough to
** hold at pVfs->mxPathname characters.
*/
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nTempPath;
  char zTempPath[MAX_PATH+2];

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  memset(zTempPath, 0, MAX_PATH+2);

  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){

    sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", sqlite3_temp_directory);
  }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  else if( isNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    WCHAR zWidePath[MAX_PATH];
    osGetTempPathW(MAX_PATH-30, zWidePath);



    zMulti = unicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
    }else{
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char zMbcsPath[MAX_PATH];
    osGetTempPathA(MAX_PATH-30, zMbcsPath);



    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#endif








#endif









  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nTempPath = sqlite3Strlen30(zTempPath);

  if( (nTempPath + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[MAX_PATH+2];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);
    memset(zTmpname, 0, MAX_PATH+2);
    rc = getTempname(MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->zPath = zName;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  pFile->hMap = NULL;
  pFile->pMapRegion = 0;
  pFile->mmapSize = 0;
  pFile->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  pFile->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
#endif

  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( pVfs->mxPathname>=MAX_PATH );
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[MAX_PATH+1];
    memset(zOut, 0, MAX_PATH+1);
    cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                     MAX_PATH+1);




    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);
  }else{
    cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull);




  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  /* WinCE has no concept of a relative pathname, or so I am told. */
................................................................................
/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    MAX_PATH,            /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
*/
static sqlite3_pcache *pcache1Create(int szPage, int szExtra, int bPurgeable){
  PCache1 *pCache;      /* The newly created page cache */
  PGroup *pGroup;       /* The group the new page cache will belong to */
  int sz;               /* Bytes of memory required to allocate the new cache */

  /*
  ** The seperateCache variable is true if each PCache has its own private
  ** PGroup.  In other words, separateCache is true for mode (1) where no
  ** mutexing is required.
  **
  **   *  Always use a unified cache (mode-2) if ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  **
  **   *  Always use a unified cache in single-threaded applications
  **
................................................................................
  )){
    goto fetch_out;
  }

  if( pCache->nPage>=pCache->nHash && pcache1ResizeHash(pCache) ){
    goto fetch_out;
  }


  /* Step 4. Try to recycle a page. */
  if( pCache->bPurgeable && pGroup->pLruTail && (
         (pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax)
      || pGroup->nCurrentPage>=pGroup->nMaxPage
      || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache)
  )){
................................................................................
  Pgno nOrig;                  /* Original number of pages in file */
  Pgno iSubRec;                /* Index of first record in sub-journal */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};








/*
** A open page cache is an instance of struct Pager. A description of
** some of the more important member variables follows:
**
** eState
**
**   The current 'state' of the pager object. See the comment and state
................................................................................
**   subsequently interrupted transaction that reuses the journal file.
**
**   The flag is cleared as soon as the journal file is finalized (either
**   by PagerCommitPhaseTwo or PagerRollback). If an IO error prevents the
**   journal file from being successfully finalized, the setMaster flag
**   is cleared anyway (and the pager will move to ERROR state).
**
** doNotSpill, doNotSyncSpill
**
**   These two boolean variables control the behavior of cache-spills
**   (calls made by the pcache module to the pagerStress() routine to
**   write cached data to the file-system in order to free up memory).
**

**   When doNotSpill is non-zero, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is disabled altogether. This is done in a very obscure case that
**   comes up during savepoint rollback that requires the pcache module
**   to allocate a new page to prevent the journal file from being written
**   while it is being traversed by code in pager_playback().

** 
**   If doNotSyncSpill is non-zero, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is permitted, but syncing the journal file is not. This flag is set
**   by sqlite3PagerWrite() when the file-system sector-size is larger than
**   the database page-size in order to prevent a journal sync from happening 
**   in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector. 
**
** subjInMemory
**
................................................................................
  ** "configuration" of the pager.
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 doNotSyncSpill;          /* Do not do a spill that requires jrnl sync */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
................................................................................
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_reset(pPager);
    pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;

  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

................................................................................
    **
    ** The solution is to add an in-memory page to the cache containing
    ** the data just read from the sub-journal. Mark the page as dirty 
    ** and if the pager requires a journal-sync, then mark the page as 
    ** requiring a journal-sync before it is written.
    */
    assert( isSavepnt );
    assert( pPager->doNotSpill==0 );
    pPager->doNotSpill++;
    rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pPager, pgno, &pPg, 1);
    assert( pPager->doNotSpill==1 );
    pPager->doNotSpill--;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    pPg->flags &= ~PGHDR_NEED_READ;
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  }
  if( pPg ){
    /* No page should ever be explicitly rolled back that is in use, except
    ** for page 1 which is held in use in order to keep the lock on the
................................................................................

/*
** Invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE based on the current value of szMmap.
*/
static void pagerFixMaplimit(Pager *pPager){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
  if( isOpen(fd) ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
    pPager->bUseFetch = (fd->pMethods->iVersion>=3) && pPager->szMmap>0;
    sz = pPager->szMmap;

    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Change the maximum size of any memory mapping made of the database file.
................................................................................
** Free as much memory as possible from the pager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerShrink(Pager *pPager){
  sqlite3PcacheShrink(pPager->pPCache);
}

/*



** Adjust the robustness of the database to damage due to OS crashes
** or power failures by changing the number of syncs()s when writing
** the rollback journal.  There are three levels:
**
**    OFF       sqlite3OsSync() is never called.  This is the default
**              for temporary and transient files.
**
**    NORMAL    The journal is synced once before writes begin on the
**              database.  This is normally adequate protection, but
**              it is theoretically possible, though very unlikely,
................................................................................
** synchronous=FULL versus synchronous=NORMAL setting determines when
** the xSync primitive is called and is relevant to all platforms.
**
** Numeric values associated with these states are OFF==1, NORMAL=2,
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(
  Pager *pPager,        /* The pager to set safety level for */
  int level,            /* PRAGMA synchronous.  1=OFF, 2=NORMAL, 3=FULL */  
  int bFullFsync,       /* PRAGMA fullfsync */
  int bCkptFullFsync    /* PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync */
){

  assert( level>=1 && level<=3 );
  pPager->noSync =  (level==1 || pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->fullSync = (level==3 && !pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  if( pPager->noSync ){
    pPager->syncFlags = 0;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = 0;
  }else if( bFullFsync ){
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
  }else if( bCkptFullFsync ){
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
  }else{
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
  }
  pPager->walSyncFlags = pPager->syncFlags;
  if( pPager->fullSync ){
    pPager->walSyncFlags |= WAL_SYNC_TRANSACTIONS;
  }





}
#endif

/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the library
** attempts to open a temporary file.  This information is used for
** testing and analysis only.  
................................................................................
  }

  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
  */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK 
   && (pList->pDirty ? pPager->dbSize : pList->pgno+1)>pPager->dbHintSize 

  ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);
    pPager->dbHintSize = pPager->dbSize;
  }

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pList ){
................................................................................
static int pagerStress(void *p, PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = (Pager *)p;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPg->pPager==pPager );
  assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );

  /* The doNotSyncSpill flag is set during times when doing a sync of
  ** journal (and adding a new header) is not allowed.  This occurs
  ** during calls to sqlite3PagerWrite() while trying to journal multiple
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill flag inhibits all cache spilling regardless of whether
  ** or not a sync is required.  This is set during a rollback.

  **
  ** Spilling is also prohibited when in an error state since that could
  ** lead to database corruption.   In the current implementaton it 
  ** is impossible for sqlite3PcacheFetch() to be called with createFlag==1
  ** while in the error state, hence it is impossible for this routine to
  ** be called in the error state.  Nevertheless, we include a NEVER()
  ** test for the error state as a safeguard against future changes.
  */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return SQLITE_OK;



  if( pPager->doNotSpill ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pPager->doNotSyncSpill && (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 ){

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Write a single frame for this page to the log. */
    if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){ 
................................................................................
** If the database image is smaller than the requested page or if a 
** non-zero value is passed as the noContent parameter and the 
** requested page is not already stored in the cache, then no 
** actual disk read occurs. In this case the memory image of the 
** page is initialized to all zeros. 
**
** If noContent is true, it means that we do not care about the contents
** of the page. This occurs in two seperate scenarios:
**
**   a) When reading a free-list leaf page from the database, and
**
**   b) When a savepoint is being rolled back and we need to load
**      a new page into the cache to be filled with the data read
**      from the savepoint journal.
**
................................................................................
  if( nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */

    /* Set the doNotSyncSpill flag to 1. This is because we cannot allow
    ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
    ** this function.
    */
    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( pPager->doNotSyncSpill==0 );
    pPager->doNotSyncSpill++;

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

................................................................................
        if( pPage ){
          pPage->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
        }
      }
    }

    assert( pPager->doNotSyncSpill==1 );
    pPager->doNotSyncSpill--;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pDbPage);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  pPager->xCodecFree = xCodecFree;
  pPager->pCodec = pCodec;
  pagerReportSize(pPager);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetCodec(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->pCodec;
}
#endif






















#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Move the page pPg to location pgno in the file.
**
** There must be no references to the page previously located at
** pgno (which we call pPgOld) though that page is allowed to be
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** This function is called by the wal module when writing page content
** into the log file.
**
** This function returns a pointer to a buffer containing the encrypted
** page content. If a malloc fails, this function may return NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(PgHdr *pPg){
  void *aData = 0;
  CODEC2(pPg->pPager, pPg->pData, pPg->pgno, 6, return 0, aData);
  return aData;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_HAS_CODEC */

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

/************** End of pager.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file wal.c *********************************************/
/*
** 2010 February 1
**
................................................................................
  /* If another connection has written to the database file since the
  ** time the read transaction on this connection was started, then
  ** the write is disallowed.
  */
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
    walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
    pWal->writeLock = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** End a write transaction.  The commit has already been done.  This
................................................................................
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_VALID:
**   Cursor points to a valid entry. getPayload() etc. may be called.
**
** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
**   called.
**








** CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK:
**   The table that this cursor was opened on still exists, but has been 
**   modified since the cursor was last used. The cursor position is saved
**   in variables BtCursor.pKey and BtCursor.nKey. When a cursor is in 
**   this state, restoreCursorPosition() can be called to attempt to
**   seek the cursor to the saved position.
**
................................................................................
**   on a different connection that shares the BtShared cache with this
**   cursor.  The error has left the cache in an inconsistent state.
**   Do nothing else with this cursor.  Any attempt to use the cursor
**   should return the error code stored in BtCursor.skip
*/
#define CURSOR_INVALID           0
#define CURSOR_VALID             1

#define CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK       2
#define CURSOR_FAULT             3

/* 
** The database page the PENDING_BYTE occupies. This page is never used.
*/
# define PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pBt)

/*
................................................................................
  }
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pCur->pKey, pCur->nKey, 0, &pCur->skipNext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
    pCur->pKey = 0;
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID );



  }
  return rc;
}

#define restoreCursorPosition(p) \
  (p->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ? \
         btreeRestoreCursorPosition(p) : \
................................................................................
  int rc;

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || pCur->skipNext!=0 ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
    /* Always defragment highly fragmented pages */
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  }else if( gap+2<=top ){
    /* Search the freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy 
    ** the request. The allocation is made from the first free slot in 
    ** the list that is large enough to accomadate it.
    */
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
      int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
      if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<addr+4 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
................................................................................
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(
  Btree *p,              /* The btree to set the safety level on */
  int level,             /* PRAGMA synchronous.  1=OFF, 2=NORMAL, 3=FULL */
  int fullSync,          /* PRAGMA fullfsync. */
  int ckptFullSync       /* PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfync */
){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  assert( level>=1 && level<=3 );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(pBt->pPager, level, fullSync, ckptFullSync);

  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3PagerCommit when a transaction
** is commited for an auto-vacuum database.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, then *pnTrunc is set to the number of pages
** the database file should be truncated to during the commit process. 
** i.e. the database has been reorganized so that only the first *pnTrunc
** pages are in use.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt){
................................................................................

/*
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
** at the conclusion of a transaction.
*/
static void btreeEndTransaction(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  pBt->bDoTruncate = 0;
#endif
  if( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE && p->db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    /* If there are other active statements that belong to this database
    ** handle, downgrade to a read-only transaction. The other statements
    ** may still be reading from the database.  */
    downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
    p->inTrans = TRANS_READ;
  }else{
    /* If the handle had any kind of transaction open, decrement the 
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );



  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

    return rc;
  }
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }



  if( pCur->skipNext>0 ){
    pCur->skipNext = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skipNext = 0;



  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );

  /* If the database file is corrupt, it is possible for the value of idx 
  ** to be invalid here. This can only occur if a second cursor modifies
................................................................................
  testcase( idx>pPage->nCell );

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));


      if( rc ) return rc;

      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        *pRes = 1;
................................................................................
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );





  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

    return rc;
  }
  pCur->atLast = 0;

  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }



  if( pCur->skipNext<0 ){
    pCur->skipNext = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skipNext = 0;



  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(findCell(pPage, idx)));
    if( rc ){

      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]==0 ){
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the implementation of the sqlite3_backup_XXX() 
** API functions and the related features.
*/

/* Macro to find the minimum of two numeric values.
*/
#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(x,y) ((x)<(y)?(x):(y))
#endif

/*
** Structure allocated for each backup operation.
*/
struct sqlite3_backup {
  sqlite3* pDestDb;        /* Destination database handle */
  Btree *pDest;            /* Destination b-tree file */
  u32 iDestSchema;         /* Original schema cookie in destination */
................................................................................
** Resolve label "x" to be the address of the next instruction to
** be inserted.  The parameter "x" must have been obtained from
** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *p, int x){
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j>=0 && j<p->nLabel );
  if( p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = p->nOp;
  }
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
*/
................................................................................
*/
static void resolveP2Values(Vdbe *p, int *pMaxFuncArgs){
  int i;
  int nMaxArgs = *pMaxFuncArgs;
  Op *pOp;
  int *aLabel = p->aLabel;
  p->readOnly = 1;

  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;

    pOp->opflags = sqlite3OpcodeProperty[opcode];
    if( opcode==OP_Function || opcode==OP_AggStep ){




      if( pOp->p5>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p5;
    }else if( (opcode==OP_Transaction && pOp->p2!=0) || opcode==OP_Vacuum ){
















      p->readOnly = 0;



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    }else if( opcode==OP_VUpdate ){
      if( pOp->p2>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p2;


    }else if( opcode==OP_VFilter ){
      int n;
      assert( p->nOp - i >= 3 );
      assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_Integer );
      n = pOp[-1].p1;
      if( n>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = n;


#endif
    }else if( opcode==OP_Next || opcode==OP_SorterNext ){


      pOp->p4.xAdvance = sqlite3BtreeNext;
      pOp->p4type = P4_ADVANCE;
    }else if( opcode==OP_Prev ){



      pOp->p4.xAdvance = sqlite3BtreePrevious;
      pOp->p4type = P4_ADVANCE;

    }



    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_JUMP)!=0 && pOp->p2<0 ){
      assert( -1-pOp->p2<p->nLabel );
      pOp->p2 = aLabel[-1-pOp->p2];
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->aLabel);
  p->aLabel = 0;

  *pMaxFuncArgs = nMaxArgs;

}

/*
** Return the address of the next instruction to be inserted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe *p){
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  assert( addr>=0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( addr>=0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MPRINTF: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_VDBEFUNC: {
        VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc *)p4;
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, pVdbeFunc->pFunc);
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(pVdbeFunc, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pVdbeFunc);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MEM: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
          sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
................................................................................
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
  }else if( zP4==0 ){
    pOp->p4.p = 0;
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    int nField, nByte;

    nField = ((KeyInfo*)zP4)->nField;
    nByte = sizeof(*pKeyInfo) + (nField-1)*sizeof(pKeyInfo->aColl[0]) + nField;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, nByte);
    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
    if( pKeyInfo ){
      u8 *aSortOrder;
      memcpy((char*)pKeyInfo, zP4, nByte - nField);
      aSortOrder = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder;
      assert( aSortOrder!=0 );
      pKeyInfo->aSortOrder = (unsigned char*)&pKeyInfo->aColl[nField];
      memcpy(pKeyInfo->aSortOrder, aSortOrder, nField);


      pOp->p4type = P4_KEYINFO;
    }else{
      p->db->mallocFailed = 1;
      pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
    }
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF ){
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
................................................................................
    releaseMemArray(&p->aMem[1], p->nMem);
  }
  while( p->pDelFrame ){
    VdbeFrame *pDel = p->pDelFrame;
    p->pDelFrame = pDel->pParent;
    sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(pDel);
  }




}

/*
** Clean up the VM after execution.
**
** This routine will automatically close any cursors, lists, and/or
** sorters that were left open.  It also deletes the values of
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  return rc;
}

/* 
** This routine checks that the sqlite3.activeVdbeCnt count variable
** matches the number of vdbe's in the list sqlite3.pVdbe that are
** currently active. An assertion fails if the two counts do not match.
** This is an internal self-check only - it is not an essential processing
** step.
**
** This is a no-op if NDEBUG is defined.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
static void checkActiveVdbeCnt(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  int cnt = 0;
  int nWrite = 0;

  p = db->pVdbe;
  while( p ){
    if( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && p->pc>=0 ){
      cnt++;
      if( p->readOnly==0 ) nWrite++;

    }
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  assert( cnt==db->activeVdbeCnt );
  assert( nWrite==db->writeVdbeCnt );

}
#else
#define checkActiveVdbeCnt(x)
#endif

/*
** If the Vdbe passed as the first argument opened a statement-transaction,
** close it now. Argument eOp must be either SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK or
** SAVEPOINT_RELEASE. If it is SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, then the statement
** transaction is rolled back. If eOp is SAVEPOINT_RELEASE, then the 
** statement transaction is commtted.
**
** If an IO error occurs, an SQLITE_IOERR_XXX error code is returned. 
** Otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *p, int eOp){
  sqlite3 *const db = p->db;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }

    /* If the statement transaction is being rolled back, also restore the 
    ** database handles deferred constraint counter to the value it had when 
    ** the statement transaction was opened.  */
    if( eOp==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK ){
      db->nDeferredCons = p->nStmtDefCons;

    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
................................................................................
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and write an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;

  if( (deferred && db->nDeferredCons>0) || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) ){

    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( p->aOnceFlag ) memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);
  closeAllCursors(p);
  if( p->magic!=VDBE_MAGIC_RUN ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  checkActiveVdbeCnt(db);

  /* No commit or rollback needed if the program never started */

  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    int mrc;   /* Primary error code from p->rc */
    int eStatementOp = 0;
    int isSpecialError;            /* Set to true if a 'special' error */

    /* Lock all btrees used by the statement */
    sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);

................................................................................
    ** VM, then we do either a commit or rollback of the current transaction. 
    **
    ** Note: This block also runs if one of the special errors handled 
    ** above has occurred. 
    */
    if( !sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 
     && db->autoCommit 
     && db->writeVdbeCnt==(p->readOnly==0) 
    ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
          return SQLITE_BUSY;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
        }else{
          db->nDeferredCons = 0;


          sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
      }
      db->nStatement = 0;
    }else if( eStatementOp==0 ){
................................................................................

    /* Release the locks */
    sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
  }

  /* We have successfully halted and closed the VM.  Record this fact. */
  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    db->activeVdbeCnt--;
    if( !p->readOnly ){
      db->writeVdbeCnt--;
    }

    assert( db->activeVdbeCnt>=db->writeVdbeCnt );

  }
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_HALT;
  checkActiveVdbeCnt(db);
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
  ** by connection db have now been released. Call sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked() 
  ** to invoke any required unlock-notify callbacks.
  */
  if( db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked(db);
  }

  assert( db->activeVdbeCnt>0 || db->autoCommit==0 || db->nStatement==0 );
  return (p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? SQLITE_BUSY : SQLITE_OK);
}


/*
** Each VDBE holds the result of the most recent sqlite3_step() call
** in p->rc.  This routine sets that result back to SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
    assert( (rc & p->db->errMask)==rc );
  }
  sqlite3VdbeDelete(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Call the destructor for each auxdata entry in pVdbeFunc for which
** the corresponding bit in mask is clear.  Auxdata entries beyond 31
** are always destroyed.  To destroy all auxdata entries, call this
** routine with mask==0.










*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc, int mask){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pVdbeFunc->nAux; i++){


    struct AuxData *pAux = &pVdbeFunc->apAux[i];
    if( (i>31 || !(mask&(((u32)1)<<i))) && pAux->pAux ){



      if( pAux->xDelete ){
        pAux->xDelete(pAux->pAux);
      }
      pAux->pAux = 0;



    }
  }
}

/*
** Free all memory associated with the Vdbe passed as the second argument,
** except for object itself, which is preserved.
................................................................................
** equal, then the keys are considered to be equal and
** the parts beyond the common prefix are ignored.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2        /* Right key */
){
  int d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;
  int nField;
  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  Mem mem1;

  pKeyInfo = pPKey2->pKeyInfo;
  mem1.enc = pKeyInfo->enc;
................................................................................
  ** impact, since this routine is a very high runner.  And so, we choose
  ** to ignore the compiler warnings and leave this variable uninitialized.
  */
  /*  mem1.u.i = 0;  // not needed, here to silence compiler warning */
  
  idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
  d1 = szHdr1;
  nField = pKeyInfo->nField;
  assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  while( idx1<szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField ){
    u32 serial_type1;

    /* Read the serial types for the next element in each key. */
    idx1 += getVarint32( aKey1+idx1, serial_type1 );








    if( d1>=nKey1 && sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type1)>0 ) break;




    /* Extract the values to be compared.
    */
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type1, &mem1);

    /* Do the comparison
    */
    rc = sqlite3MemCompare(&mem1, &pPKey2->aMem[i],
                           i<nField ? pKeyInfo->aColl[i] : 0);
    if( rc!=0 ){
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */

      /* Invert the result if we are using DESC sort order. */
      if( i<nField && pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){
        rc = -rc;
      }
    
      /* If the PREFIX_SEARCH flag is set and all fields except the final
      ** rowid field were equal, then clear the PREFIX_SEARCH flag and set 
      ** pPKey2->rowid to the value of the rowid field in (pKey1, nKey1).
      ** This is used by the OP_IsUnique opcode.
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3_value structure containing the value bound
** parameter iVar of VM v. Except, if the value is an SQL NULL, return 
** 0 instead. Unless it is NULL, apply affinity aff (one of the SQLITE_AFF_*
** constants) to the value before returning it.
**
** The returned value must be freed by the caller using sqlite3ValueFree().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetValue(Vdbe *v, int iVar, u8 aff){
  assert( iVar>0 );
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context *pCtx, double rVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(&pCtx->s, rVal);
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const char *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;

  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const void *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;

  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#endif
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&pCtx->s, (i64)iVal);
}
................................................................................
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(&pCtx->s, n);
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int errCode){
  pCtx->isError = errCode;

  if( pCtx->s.flags & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, sqlite3ErrStr(errCode), -1, 
                         SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/* Force an SQLITE_TOOBIG error. */
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_TOOBIG;

  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, "string or blob too big", -1, 
                       SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
}

/* An SQLITE_NOMEM error. */
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(&pCtx->s);
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_NOMEM;

  pCtx->s.db->mallocFailed = 1;
}

/*
** This function is called after a transaction has been committed. It 
** invokes callbacks registered with sqlite3_wal_hook() as required.
*/
................................................................................
    goto end_of_step;
  }
  if( p->pc<0 ){
    /* If there are no other statements currently running, then
    ** reset the interrupt flag.  This prevents a call to sqlite3_interrupt
    ** from interrupting a statement that has not yet started.
    */
    if( db->activeVdbeCnt==0 ){
      db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
    }

    assert( db->writeVdbeCnt>0 || db->autoCommit==0 || db->nDeferredCons==0 );



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
    if( db->xProfile && !db->init.busy ){
      sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->startTime);
    }
#endif

    db->activeVdbeCnt++;
    if( p->readOnly==0 ) db->writeVdbeCnt++;

    p->pc = 0;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( p->explain ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeList(p);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
  {
    db->vdbeExecCnt++;
    rc = sqlite3VdbeExec(p);
    db->vdbeExecCnt--;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  /* Invoke the profile callback if there is one
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW && db->xProfile && !db->init.busy && p->zSql ){
    sqlite3_int64 iNow;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the auxilary data pointer, if any, for the iArg'th argument to
** the user-function defined by pCtx.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iArg){
  VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pVdbeFunc = pCtx->pVdbeFunc;
  if( !pVdbeFunc || iArg>=pVdbeFunc->nAux || iArg<0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  return pVdbeFunc->apAux[iArg].pAux;
}

/*
** Set the auxilary data pointer and delete function, for the iArg'th
** argument to the user-function defined by pCtx. Any previous value is
** deleted by calling the delete function specified when it was set.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int iArg, 
  void *pAux, 
  void (*xDelete)(void*)
){
  struct AuxData *pAuxData;
  VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;
  if( iArg<0 ) goto failed;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pVdbeFunc = pCtx->pVdbeFunc;
  if( !pVdbeFunc || pVdbeFunc->nAux<=iArg ){
    int nAux = (pVdbeFunc ? pVdbeFunc->nAux : 0);
    int nMalloc = sizeof(VdbeFunc) + sizeof(struct AuxData)*iArg;
    pVdbeFunc = sqlite3DbRealloc(pCtx->s.db, pVdbeFunc, nMalloc);
    if( !pVdbeFunc ){
      goto failed;
    }
    pCtx->pVdbeFunc = pVdbeFunc;
    memset(&pVdbeFunc->apAux[nAux], 0, sizeof(struct AuxData)*(iArg+1-nAux));
    pVdbeFunc->nAux = iArg+1;
    pVdbeFunc->pFunc = pCtx->pFunc;


  }











  pAuxData = &pVdbeFunc->apAux[iArg];
  if( pAuxData->pAux && pAuxData->xDelete ){
    pAuxData->xDelete(pAuxData->pAux);
  }

  pAuxData->pAux = pAux;
  pAuxData->xDelete = xDelete;
  return;

failed:
  if( xDelete ){
    xDelete(pAux);
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int iType = sqlite3_value_type( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return iType;
}

/* The following function is experimental and subject to change or
** removal */
/*int sqlite3_column_numeric_type(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
**  return sqlite3_value_numeric_type( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
**}
*/

/*
** Convert the N-th element of pStmt->pColName[] into a string using
** xFunc() then return that string.  If N is out of range, return 0.
**
** There are up to 5 names for each column.  useType determines which
** name is returned.  Here are the names:
**
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  int v = pVdbe->aCounter[op-1];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op-1] = 0;
  return v;
}

/************** End of vdbeapi.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbetrace.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2009 November 25
**
................................................................................
    zSql += n;
  }
  return nTotal;
}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to a nul-terminated string in memory
** obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc(). If sqlite3.vdbeExecCnt is 1, then the
** string contains a copy of zRawSql but with host parameters expanded to 
** their current bindings. Or, if sqlite3.vdbeExecCnt is greater than 1, 
** then the returned string holds a copy of zRawSql with "-- " prepended
** to each line of text.
**
** If the SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT macro is defined to an integer, then
** then long strings and blobs are truncated to that many bytes.  This
** can be used to prevent unreasonably large trace strings when dealing
** with large (multi-megabyte) strings and blobs.
................................................................................
  StrAccum out;            /* Accumulate the output here */
  char zBase[100];         /* Initial working space */

  db = p->db;
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&out, zBase, sizeof(zBase), 
                      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]);
  out.db = db;
  if( db->vdbeExecCnt>1 ){
    while( *zRawSql ){
      const char *zStart = zRawSql;
      while( *(zRawSql++)!='\n' && *zRawSql );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "-- ", 3);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zStart, (int)(zRawSql-zStart));
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&utf8, pVar->z, pVar->n, enc, SQLITE_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&utf8, SQLITE_UTF8);
          pVar = &utf8;
        }
#endif
        nOut = pVar->n;
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( n>SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT ){
          nOut = SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT;
          while( nOut<pVar->n && (pVar->z[n]&0xc0)==0x80 ){ n++; }
        }
#endif    
        sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "'%.*q'", nOut, pVar->z);
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( nOut<pVar->n ) sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "/*+%d bytes*/", pVar->n-n);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ) sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&utf8);
#endif
      }else if( pVar->flags & MEM_Zero ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "zeroblob(%d)", pVar->u.nZero);
      }else{
................................................................................
        if( nOut>SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT ) nOut = SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT;
#endif
        for(i=0; i<nOut; i++){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "%02x", pVar->z[i]&0xff);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "'", 1);
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( nOut<pVar->n ) sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "/*+%d bytes*/", pVar->n-n);
#endif
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

................................................................................
  int pc=0;                  /* The program counter */
  Op *aOp = p->aOp;          /* Copy of p->aOp */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;        /* Value to return */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;       /* The database */
  u8 resetSchemaOnFault = 0; /* Reset schema after an error if positive */
  u8 encoding = ENC(db);     /* The database encoding */


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  int checkProgress;         /* True if progress callbacks are enabled */
  int nProgressOps = 0;      /* Opcodes executed since progress callback. */

#endif
  Mem *aMem = p->aMem;       /* Copy of p->aMem */
  Mem *pIn1 = 0;             /* 1st input operand */
  Mem *pIn2 = 0;             /* 2nd input operand */
  Mem *pIn3 = 0;             /* 3rd input operand */
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */
  int iCompare = 0;          /* Result of last OP_Compare operation */
  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */
  int origPc;                /* Program counter at start of opcode */
#endif
  /********************************************************************
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );

  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  checkProgress = db->xProgress!=0;








#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0  && (p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeListing)!=0 ){
    int i;
    printf("VDBE Program Listing:\n");
    sqlite3VdbePrintSql(p);
................................................................................
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    origPc = pc;
    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif

    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->trace ){
      if( pc==0 ){
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    if( sqlite3_interrupt_count>0 ){
      sqlite3_interrupt_count--;
      if( sqlite3_interrupt_count==0 ){
        sqlite3_interrupt(db);
      }
    }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
    /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
    ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
    ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
    ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
    ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
    */
    if( checkProgress ){
      if( db->nProgressOps==nProgressOps ){
        int prc;
        prc = db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg);
        if( prc!=0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
          goto vdbe_error_halt;
        }
        nProgressOps = 0;
      }
      nProgressOps++;
    }
#endif

    /* On any opcode with the "out2-prerelease" tag, free any
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
................................................................................
**
** An unconditional jump to address P2.
** The next instruction executed will be 
** the one at index P2 from the beginning of
** the program.
*/
case OP_Goto: {             /* jump */
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;

































  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+u.ai.i, u.ai.pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF || pOp->p4type==P4_VDBEFUNC );
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF ){
    u.ai.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
    u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc = 0;
  }else{
    u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc*)pOp->p4.pVdbeFunc;
    u.ai.ctx.pFunc = u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc->pFunc;
  }

  u.ai.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.ai.ctx.s.db = db;
  u.ai.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.ai.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;



  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to u.ai.ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.ai.ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.ai.ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  u.ai.ctx.isError = 0;
  if( u.ai.ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.ai.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*u.ai.ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&u.ai.ctx, u.ai.n, u.ai.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;

  /* If any auxiliary data functions have been called by this user function,
  ** immediately call the destructor for any non-static values.
  */
  if( u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc ){
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc, pOp->p1);
    pOp->p4.pVdbeFunc = u.ai.ctx.pVdbeFunc;
    pOp->p4type = P4_VDBEFUNC;
  }

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    /* Even though a malloc() has failed, the implementation of the
    ** user function may have called an sqlite3_result_XXX() function
    ** to return a value. The following call releases any resources
    ** associated with such a value.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&u.ai.ctx.s);
    goto no_mem;
  }

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */

  if( u.ai.ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&u.ai.ctx.s));
    rc = u.ai.ctx.isError;


  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&u.ai.ctx.s, encoding);
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, &u.ai.ctx.s);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
................................................................................
        u.ak.res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */


      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
        pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
      }else if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
        pc = pOp->p2-1;
      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    u.ak.affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( u.ak.affinity ){
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the u.as.p1 parameter is valid. Also that if there is no open
  ** transaction, then there cannot be any savepoints.
  */
  assert( db->pSavepoint==0 || db->autoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN||u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( db->pSavepoint || db->isTransactionSavepoint==0 );
  assert( checkSavepointCount(db) );


  if( u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN ){
    if( db->writeVdbeCnt>0 ){

      /* A new savepoint cannot be created if there are active write
      ** statements (i.e. open read/write incremental blob handles).
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot open savepoint - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
................................................................................
          db->nSavepoint++;
        }

        /* Link the new savepoint into the database handle's list. */
        u.as.pNew->pNext = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = u.as.pNew;
        u.as.pNew->nDeferredCons = db->nDeferredCons;

      }
    }
  }else{
    u.as.iSavepoint = 0;

    /* Find the named savepoint. If there is no such savepoint, then an
    ** an error is returned to the user.  */
................................................................................
      u.as.pSavepoint = u.as.pSavepoint->pNext
    ){
      u.as.iSavepoint++;
    }
    if( !u.as.pSavepoint ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "no such savepoint: %s", u.as.zName);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else if( db->writeVdbeCnt>0 && u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
      /* It is not possible to release (commit) a savepoint if there are
      ** active write statements.
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
        "cannot release savepoint - SQL statements in progress"
      );
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
................................................................................
        db->pSavepoint = u.as.pSavepoint->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, u.as.pSavepoint);
        if( !isTransaction ){
          db->nSavepoint--;
        }
      }else{
        db->nDeferredCons = u.as.pSavepoint->nDeferredCons;

      }

      if( !isTransaction ){
        rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, u.as.p1, u.as.iSavepoint);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
    }
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.at */

  u.at.desiredAutoCommit = pOp->p1;
  u.at.iRollback = pOp->p2;
  u.at.turnOnAC = u.at.desiredAutoCommit && !db->autoCommit;
  assert( u.at.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.at.desiredAutoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.at.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.at.iRollback==0 );
  assert( db->activeVdbeCnt>0 );  /* At least this one VM is active */


#if 0
  if( u.at.turnOnAC && u.at.iRollback && db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a ROLLBACK and other VMs are
    ** still running, and a transaction is active, return an error indicating
    ** that the other VMs must complete first.
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot rollback transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else
#endif
  if( u.at.turnOnAC && !u.at.iRollback && db->writeVdbeCnt>0 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a COMMIT and other VMs are writing
    ** return an error indicating that the other VMs must complete first.
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot commit transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else if( u.at.desiredAutoCommit!=db->autoCommit ){
................................................................................
** attached databases.
**
** If P2 is non-zero, then a write-transaction is started.  A RESERVED lock is
** obtained on the database file when a write-transaction is started.  No
** other process can start another write transaction while this transaction is
** underway.  Starting a write transaction also creates a rollback journal. A
** write transaction must be started before any changes can be made to the
** database.  If P2 is 2 or greater then an EXCLUSIVE lock is also obtained
** on the file.
**
** If a write-transaction is started and the Vdbe.usesStmtJournal flag is
** true (this flag is set if the Vdbe may modify more than one row and may
** throw an ABORT exception), a statement transaction may also be opened.
** More specifically, a statement transaction is opened iff the database
** connection is currently not in autocommit mode, or if there are other
** active statements. A statement transaction allows the changes made by this
................................................................................
** If P2 is zero, then a read-lock is obtained on the database file.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.au */
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.au */



  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );




  u.au.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( u.au.pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(u.au.pBt, pOp->p2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = pc;
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
................................................................................
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    if( pOp->p2 && p->usesStmtJournal
     && (db->autoCommit==0 || db->activeVdbeCnt>1)
    ){
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(u.au.pBt) );
      if( p->iStatement==0 ){
        assert( db->nStatement>=0 && db->nSavepoint>=0 );
        db->nStatement++;
        p->iStatement = db->nSavepoint + db->nStatement;
      }
................................................................................
        rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(u.au.pBt, p->iStatement);
      }

      /* Store the current value of the database handles deferred constraint
      ** counter. If the statement transaction needs to be rolled back,
      ** the value of this counter needs to be restored too.  */
      p->nStmtDefCons = db->nDeferredCons;

    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ReadCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
................................................................................
case OP_ReadCookie: {               /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.av */
  int iMeta;
  int iDb;
  int iCookie;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.av */


  u.av.iDb = pOp->p1;
  u.av.iCookie = pOp->p3;
  assert( pOp->p3<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( u.av.iDb>=0 && u.av.iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[u.av.iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<u.av.iDb))!=0 );

................................................................................
case OP_SetCookie: {       /* in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.aw */
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.aw */
  assert( pOp->p2<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );

  u.aw.pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.aw.pDb->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
  /* See note about index shifting on OP_ReadCookie */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(u.aw.pDb->pBt, pOp->p2, (int)pIn3->u.i);
................................................................................
  int iGen;
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ax */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );

  u.ax.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  if( u.ax.pBt ){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(u.ax.pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&u.ax.iMeta);
    u.ax.iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    u.ax.iGen = u.ax.iMeta = 0;
  }
................................................................................
  Btree *pX;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ay */

  assert( (pOp->p5&(OPFLAG_P2ISREG|OPFLAG_BULKCSR))==pOp->p5 );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite || pOp->p5==0 );



  if( p->expired ){
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
    break;
  }

  u.ay.nField = 0;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_SorterSort:    /* jump */
case OP_Sort: {        /* jump */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_sort_count++;
  sqlite3_search_count--;
#endif
  p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT-1]++;
  /* Fall through into OP_Rewind */
}
/* Opcode: Rewind P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
................................................................................
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
case OP_Next: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.br */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.br */

  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<=ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  u.br.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  if( u.br.pC==0 ){
    break;  /* See ticket #2273 */
  }
  assert( u.br.pC->isSorter==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterNext) );
  if( isSorter(u.br.pC) ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_SorterNext );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(db, u.br.pC, &u.br.res);
  }else{
    u.br.res = 1;
    assert( u.br.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    assert( u.br.pC->pCursor );
    assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
    assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
    rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(u.br.pC->pCursor, &u.br.res);
  }
  u.br.pC->nullRow = (u8)u.br.res;
  u.br.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( u.br.res==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    if( pOp->p5 ) p->aCounter[pOp->p5-1]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  }
  u.br.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxInsert P1 P2 P3 * P5
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
** MakeRecord instructions.  This opcode writes that key
** into the index P1.  Data for the entry is nil.
................................................................................
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bw */
  int iMoved;
  int iCnt;
  Vdbe *pVdbe;
  int iDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bw */


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u.bw.iCnt = 0;
  for(u.bw.pVdbe=db->pVdbe; u.bw.pVdbe; u.bw.pVdbe = u.bw.pVdbe->pNext){

    if( u.bw.pVdbe->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && u.bw.pVdbe->inVtabMethod<2 && u.bw.pVdbe->pc>=0 ){

      u.bw.iCnt++;
    }
  }
#else
  u.bw.iCnt = db->activeVdbeCnt;
#endif
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( u.bw.iCnt>1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  }else{
    u.bw.iDb = pOp->p3;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;

  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
  int flags;
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.by */

  u.by.pgno = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );

  u.by.pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.by.pDb->pBt!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_CreateTable ){
    /* u.by.flags = BTREE_INTKEY; */
    u.by.flags = BTREE_INTKEY;
  }else{
    u.by.flags = BTREE_BLOBKEY;
................................................................................
  int *aRoot;     /* Array of rootpage numbers for tables to be checked */
  int j;          /* Loop counter */
  int nErr;       /* Number of errors reported */
  char *z;        /* Text of the error report */
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */


  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
................................................................................
** register P3.  Or, if boolean index P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cb */
  i64 val;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cb */
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &u.cb.val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], u.cb.val);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
**
** Register P3 is assumed to hold a 64-bit integer value. If register P1
** contains a RowSet object and that RowSet object contains
** the value held in P3, jump to register P2. Otherwise, insert the
................................................................................
**
** Increment a "constraint counter" by P2 (P2 may be negative or positive).
** If P1 is non-zero, the database constraint counter is incremented 
** (deferred foreign key constraints). Otherwise, if P1 is zero, the 
** statement counter is incremented (immediate foreign key constraints).
*/
case OP_FkCounter: {


  if( pOp->p1 ){
    db->nDeferredCons += pOp->p2;
  }else{
    p->nFkConstraint += pOp->p2;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
** If P1 is non-zero, then the jump is taken if the database constraint-counter
** is zero (the one that counts deferred constraint violations). If P1 is
** zero, the jump is taken if the statement constraint-counter is zero
** (immediate foreign key constraint violations).
*/
case OP_FkIfZero: {         /* jump */
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    if( db->nDeferredCons==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
    if( p->nFkConstraint==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/* Opcode: MemMax P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
case OP_Checkpoint: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ci */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int aRes[3];                    /* Results */
  Mem *pMem;                      /* Write results here */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ci */


  u.ci.aRes[0] = 0;
  u.ci.aRes[1] = u.ci.aRes[2] = -1;
  assert( pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART
  );
  rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, &u.ci.aRes[1], &u.ci.aRes[2]);
................................................................................
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );


  u.cj.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  u.cj.pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(u.cj.pBt);
  u.cj.eOld = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(u.cj.pPager);
  if( u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY ) u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;
  if( !sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(u.cj.pPager) ) u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;

................................................................................
  ){
    u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;
  }

  if( (u.cj.eNew!=u.cj.eOld)
   && (u.cj.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
  ){
    if( !db->autoCommit || db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      break;
    }else{
................................................................................
/* Opcode: Vacuum * * * * *
**
** Vacuum the entire database.  This opcode will cause other virtual
** machines to be created and run.  It may not be called from within
** a transaction.
*/
case OP_Vacuum: {

  rc = sqlite3RunVacuum(&p->zErrMsg, db);
  break;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
/* Opcode: IncrVacuum P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
case OP_IncrVacuum: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ck */
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ck */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );

  u.ck.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(u.ck.pBt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  break;
................................................................................
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cm */
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cm */


  u.cm.pCur = 0;
  u.cm.pVtabCursor = 0;
  u.cm.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cm.pModule = (sqlite3_module *)u.cm.pVtab->pModule;
  assert(u.cm.pVtab && u.cm.pModule);
  rc = u.cm.pModule->xOpen(u.cm.pVtab, &u.cm.pVtabCursor);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, u.cm.pVtab);
................................................................................
    u.cp.res = u.cp.pModule->xEof(u.cp.pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !u.cp.res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VRename P1 * * P4 *
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
................................................................................
  Mem *pName;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cq */

  u.cq.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cq.pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.cq.pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(u.cq.pName) );

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, u.cq.pName);
  assert( u.cq.pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.cq.pName, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  Mem **apArg;
  Mem *pX;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cr */

  assert( pOp->p2==1        || pOp->p5==OE_Fail   || pOp->p5==OE_Rollback
       || pOp->p5==OE_Abort || pOp->p5==OE_Ignore || pOp->p5==OE_Replace
  );

  u.cr.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cr.pModule = (sqlite3_module *)u.cr.pVtab->pModule;
  u.cr.nArg = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
  if( ALWAYS(u.cr.pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    u.cr.apArg = p->apArg;
................................................................................
  }

  /* This is the only way out of this procedure.  We have to
  ** release the mutexes on btrees that were acquired at the
  ** top. */
vdbe_return:
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;


  sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
  return rc;

  /* Jump to here if a string or blob larger than SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
  ** is encountered.
  */
too_big:
................................................................................
** comparing aIter[2*i-N] and aIter[2*i-N+1]. Whichever key is smaller, the
** aTree element is set to the index of it. 
**
** For the purposes of this comparison, EOF is considered greater than any
** other key value. If the keys are equal (only possible with two EOF
** values), it doesn't matter which index is stored.
**
** The (N/4) elements of aTree[] that preceed the final (N/2) described 
** above contains the index of the smallest of each block of 4 iterators.
** And so on. So that aTree[1] contains the index of the iterator that 
** currently points to the smallest key value. aTree[0] is unused.
**
** Example:
**
**     aIter[0] -> Banana
................................................................................
** The size chosen is a little less than a power of two.  That way,
** the FileChunk object will have a size that almost exactly fills
** a power-of-two allocation.  This mimimizes wasted space in power-of-two
** memory allocators.
*/
#define JOURNAL_CHUNKSIZE ((int)(1024-sizeof(FileChunk*)))

/* Macro to find the minimum of two numeric values.
*/
#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(x,y) ((x)<(y)?(x):(y))
#endif

/*
** The rollback journal is composed of a linked list of these structures.
*/
struct FileChunk {
  FileChunk *pNext;               /* Next chunk in the journal */
  u8 zChunk[JOURNAL_CHUNKSIZE];   /* Content of this chunk */
};
................................................................................
** TK_AS operator.  The TK_AS operator causes the expression to be
** evaluated just once and then reused for each alias.
**
** The reason for suppressing the TK_AS term when the expression is a simple
** column reference is so that the column reference will be recognized as
** usable by indices within the WHERE clause processing logic. 
**
** Hack:  The TK_AS operator is inhibited if zType[0]=='G'.  This means
** that in a GROUP BY clause, the expression is evaluated twice.  Hence:
**
**     SELECT random()%5 AS x, count(*) FROM tab GROUP BY x
**
** Is equivalent to:
**
**     SELECT random()%5 AS x, count(*) FROM tab GROUP BY random()%5
**
** The result of random()%5 in the GROUP BY clause is probably different
** from the result in the result-set.  We might fix this someday.  Or
** then again, we might not...

**
** If the reference is followed by a COLLATE operator, then make sure
** the COLLATE operator is preserved.  For example:
**
**     SELECT a+b, c+d FROM t1 ORDER BY 1 COLLATE nocase;
**
** Should be transformed into:
................................................................................
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){








    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName );
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[i].zName,zDb)==0 ){
        pSchema = db->aDb[i].pSchema;
        break;

      }
    }
  }

  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
................................................................................
    **
    **     SELECT a+b AS x FROM table WHERE x<10;
    **
    ** In cases like this, replace pExpr with a copy of the expression that
    ** forms the result set entry ("a+b" in the example) and return immediately.
    ** Note that the expression in the result set should have already been
    ** resolved by the time the WHERE clause is resolved.






    */
    if( (pEList = pNC->pEList)!=0
     && zTab==0
     && ((pNC->ncFlags & NC_AsMaybe)==0 || cnt==0)
    ){
      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
        char *zAs = pEList->a[j].zName;
        if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
          Expr *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 );
................................................................................
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      pItem->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<(iCol>=BMS ? BMS-1 : iCol);
    }
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_Resolved);
  }
  return p;
}


































/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -2, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
        if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"subqueries prohibited in CHECK constraints");
        }
#endif
        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    case TK_VARIABLE: {

      if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"parameters prohibited in CHECK constraints");
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  return (pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed) ? WRC_Abort : WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** pEList is a list of expressions which are really the result set of the
** a SELECT statement.  pE is a term in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.
................................................................................
  if( rc ) return 0;

  /* Try to match the ORDER BY expression against an expression
  ** in the result set.  Return an 1-based index of the matching
  ** result-set entry.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pEList->a[i].pExpr, pE)<2 ){
      return i+1;
    }
  }

  /* If no match, return 0. */
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Check every term in the ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause pOrderBy of
** the SELECT statement pSelect.  If any term is reference to a
** result set expression (as determined by the ExprList.a.iCol field)
** then convert that term into a copy of the corresponding result set
** column.
**
** If any errors are detected, add an error message to pParse and
** return non-zero.  Return zero if no errors are seen.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(
................................................................................
** The Name context of the SELECT statement is pNC.  zType is either
** "ORDER" or "GROUP" depending on which type of clause pOrderBy is.
**
** This routine resolves each term of the clause into an expression.
** If the order-by term is an integer I between 1 and N (where N is the
** number of columns in the result set of the SELECT) then the expression
** in the resolution is a copy of the I-th result-set expression.  If
** the order-by term is an identify that corresponds to the AS-name of
** a result-set expression, then the term resolves to a copy of the
** result-set expression.  Otherwise, the expression is resolved in
** the usual way - using sqlite3ResolveExprNames().
**
** This routine returns the number of errors.  If errors occur, then
** an appropriate error message might be left in pParse.  (OOM errors
** excepted.)
................................................................................
  int nResult;                   /* Number of terms in the result set */

  if( pOrderBy==0 ) return 0;
  nResult = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pE = pItem->pExpr;


    iCol = resolveAsName(pParse, pSelect->pEList, pE);
    if( iCol>0 ){
      /* If an AS-name match is found, mark this ORDER BY column as being
      ** a copy of the iCol-th result-set column.  The subsequent call to
      ** sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy() will convert the expression to a
      ** copy of the iCol-th result-set expression. */
      pItem->iOrderByCol = (u16)iCol;
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pE), &iCol) ){
      /* The ORDER BY term is an integer constant.  Again, set the column
      ** number so that sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy() will convert the
      ** order-by term to a copy of the result-set expression */
      if( iCol<1 || iCol>0xffff ){
        resolveOutOfRangeError(pParse, zType, i+1, nResult);
        return 1;
      }
................................................................................

    /* Otherwise, treat the ORDER BY term as an ordinary expression */
    pItem->iOrderByCol = 0;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(pNC, pE) ){
      return 1;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pSelect->pEList->nExpr; j++){
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pE, pSelect->pEList->a[j].pExpr)==0 ){
        pItem->iOrderByCol = j+1;
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(pParse, pSelect, pOrderBy, zType);
}

................................................................................
    /* If a HAVING clause is present, then there must be a GROUP BY clause.
    */
    if( p->pHaving && !pGroupBy ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a GROUP BY clause is required before HAVING");
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
  
    /* Add the expression list to the name-context before parsing the
    ** other expressions in the SELECT statement. This is so that
    ** expressions in the WHERE clause (etc.) can refer to expressions by
    ** aliases in the result set.
    **
    ** Minor point: If this is the case, then the expression will be
    ** re-evaluated for each reference to it.
    */
    sNC.pEList = p->pEList;
    sNC.ncFlags |= NC_AsMaybe;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pHaving) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pWhere) ) return WRC_Abort;
    sNC.ncFlags &= ~NC_AsMaybe;

    /* The ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses may not refer to terms in
    ** outer queries 
    */
    sNC.pNext = 0;
    sNC.ncFlags |= NC_AllowAgg;

................................................................................
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = resolveExprStep;
  w.xSelectCallback = resolveSelectStep;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  w.u.pNC = pOuterNC;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, p);
}











































/************** End of resolve.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file expr.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr, flags);
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;

    pItem->iOrderByCol = pOldItem->iOrderByCol;
    pItem->iAlias = pOldItem->iAlias;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      int v;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, &v) ){

        *pValue = -v;
        rc = 1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: break;
  }
................................................................................
    }
  }

  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not found an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
    ** We will have to generate an ephemeral table to do the job.
    */
    double savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>(double)1 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = (double)1;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
................................................................................
** to iterate over the RHS of the IN operator in order to quickly locate
** all corresponding LHS elements.  All this routine does is initialize
** the register given by rMayHaveNull to NULL.  Calling routines will take
** care of changing this register value to non-NULL if the RHS is NULL-free.
**
** If rMayHaveNull is zero, that means that the subquery is being used
** for membership testing only.  There is no need to initialize any
** registers to indicate the presense or absence of NULLs on the RHS.
**
** For a SELECT or EXISTS operator, return the register that holds the
** result.  For IN operators or if an error occurs, the return value is 0.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      KeyInfo keyInfo;            /* Keyinfo for the generated table */
      static u8 sortOrder = 0;    /* Fake aSortOrder for keyInfo */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */


      if( rMayHaveNull ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, rMayHaveNull);
      }

      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);

................................................................................
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);
      if( rMayHaveNull==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
      memset(&keyInfo, 0, sizeof(keyInfo));
      keyInfo.nField = 1;
      keyInfo.aSortOrder = &sortOrder;

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
................................................................................
        ExprList *pEList;

        assert( !isRowid );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;
        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pExpr->x.pSelect->iLimit = 0;

        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect, &dest) ){

          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList;


        if( ALWAYS(pEList!=0 && pEList->nExpr>0) ){ 
          keyInfo.aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
              pEList->a[0].pExpr);
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
        /* Case 2:     expr IN (exprlist)
        **
        ** For each expression, build an index key from the evaluation and
        ** store it in the temporary table. If <expr> is a column, then use
        ** that columns affinity when building index keys. If <expr> is not
        ** a column, use numeric affinity.
................................................................................
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }

        keyInfo.aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        keyInfo.aSortOrder = &sortOrder;


        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
................................................................................
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pExpr->iTable, r2);
            }
          }
        }
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
      if( !isRowid ){
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (void *)&keyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT:
    default: {
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pAggInfo->sortingIdxPTab,
                              pCol->iSorterColumn, target);
        break;
      }
      /* Otherwise, fall thru into the TK_COLUMN case */
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        assert( pParse->ckBase>0 );

        inReg = pExpr->iColumn + pParse->ckBase;

      }else{




        inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pExpr->pTab,
                                 pExpr->iColumn, pExpr->iTable, target,
                                 pExpr->op2);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      codeInteger(pParse, pExpr, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
................................................................................

/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return 0 if the two
** expressions are completely identical.  Return 1 if they differ only
** by a COLLATE operator at the top level.  Return 2 if there are differences
** other than the top-level COLLATE operator.
**






** Sometimes this routine will return 2 even if the two expressions
** really are equivalent.  If we cannot prove that the expressions are
** identical, we return 2 just to be safe.  So if this routine
** returns 2, then you do not really know for certain if the two
** expressions are the same.  But if you get a 0 or 1 return, then you
** can be sure the expressions are the same.  In the places where
** this routine is used, it does not hurt to get an extra 2 - that
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB)<2 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( pB->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA, pB->pLeft)<2 ){
      return 1;
    }
    return 2;
  }
  if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB->pLeft) ) return 2;
  if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pRight, pB->pRight) ) return 2;
  if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pA->x.pList, pB->x.pList) ) return 2;
  if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable || pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 2;



  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_IntValue) ){
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || pA->u.iValue!=pB->u.iValue ){
      return 2;
    }
  }else if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pA->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN) && pA->u.zToken){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || NEVER(pB->u.zToken==0) ) return 2;
    if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
................................................................................
  return 0;
}

/*
** Compare two ExprList objects.  Return 0 if they are identical and 
** non-zero if they differ in any way.
**



** This routine might return non-zero for equivalent ExprLists.  The
** only consequence will be disabled optimizations.  But this routine
** must never return 0 if the two ExprList objects are different, or
** a malfunction will result.
**
** Two NULL pointers are considered to be the same.  But a NULL pointer
** always differs from a non-NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList *pA, ExprList *pB){
  int i;
  if( pA==0 && pB==0 ) return 0;
  if( pA==0 || pB==0 ) return 1;
  if( pA->nExpr!=pB->nExpr ) return 1;
  for(i=0; i<pA->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *pExprA = pA->a[i].pExpr;
    Expr *pExprB = pB->a[i].pExpr;
    if( pA->a[i].sortOrder!=pB->a[i].sortOrder ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExprA, pExprB) ) return 1;







































  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used by the tree walker
** to count references to table columns in the arguments of an 
................................................................................
       && pWalker->walkerDepth==pExpr->op2
      ){
        /* Check to see if pExpr is a duplicate of another aggregate 
        ** function that is already in the pAggInfo structure
        */
        struct AggInfo_func *pItem = pAggInfo->aFunc;
        for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pItem++){
          if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pItem->pExpr, pExpr)==0 ){
            break;
          }
        }
        if( i>=pAggInfo->nFunc ){
          /* pExpr is original.  Make a new entry in pAggInfo->aFunc[]
          */
          u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);
................................................................................
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superceded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
................................................................................
  int iIdxCur;                 /* Cursor open on index being analyzed */
  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */

  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = regStat1;     /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regNumDLt = iMem++;      /* Number of distinct keys less than regSample */
................................................................................
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot = 0;           /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;

    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nCol);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
................................................................................
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);

  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);


}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
................................................................................
  z = argv[2];
  for(i=0; *z && i<=n; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }

    if( i==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
    if( pIndex==0 ) break;

    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
................................................................................
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(aNew->pBt,
                             sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[0].pBt,-1) );

  }
  aNew->safety_level = 3;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** For the index called zIdxName which is found in the database iDb,
** unlike that index from its Table then remove the index from
................................................................................
  }else if( autoInc ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "AUTOINCREMENT is only allowed on an "
       "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
#endif
  }else{
    Index *p;
    p = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, onError, 0, 0, sortOrder, 0);

    if( p ){
      p->autoIndex = 2;
    }
    pList = 0;
  }

primary_key_exit:
................................................................................
  i = p->nCol-1;
  db = pParse->db;
  zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pToken);
  if( !zColl ) return;

  if( sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl) ){
    Index *pIdx;

    p->aCol[i].zColl = zColl;
  
    /* If the column is declared as "<name> PRIMARY KEY COLLATE <type>",
    ** then an index may have been created on this column before the
    ** collation type was added. Correct this if it is the case.
    */
    for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
................................................................................

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
    NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
    ExprList *pList;                /* List of all CHECK constraints */
    int i;                          /* Loop counter */

    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
    sSrc.nSrc = 1;
    sSrc.a[0].zName = p->zName;
    sSrc.a[0].pTab = p;
    sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = &sSrc;
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_IsCheck;
    pList = p->pCheck;
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        return;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
................................................................................
  Table *pTab = pIndex->pTable;  /* The table that is indexed */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pTab */
  int iIdx = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pIndex */
  int iSorter;                   /* Cursor opened by OpenSorter (if in use) */
  int addr1;                     /* Address of top of loop */
  int addr2;                     /* Address to jump to for next iteration */
  int tnum;                      /* Root page of index */

  Vdbe *v;                       /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  KeyInfo *pKey;                 /* KeyInfo for index */
  int regRecord;                 /* Register holding assemblied index record */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;      /* The database connection */
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,     /* All information about this parse */
  Token *pName1,     /* First part of index name. May be NULL */
  Token *pName2,     /* Second part of index name. May be NULL */
  SrcList *pTblName, /* Table to index. Use pParse->pNewTable if 0 */
  ExprList *pList,   /* A list of columns to be indexed */
  int onError,       /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  Token *pStart,     /* The CREATE token that begins this statement */
  Token *pEnd,       /* The ")" that closes the CREATE INDEX statement */
  int sortOrder,     /* Sort order of primary key when pList==NULL */
  int ifNotExist     /* Omit error if index already exists */
){
  Index *pRet = 0;     /* Pointer to return */
  Table *pTab = 0;     /* Table to be indexed */
  Index *pIndex = 0;   /* The index to be created */
  char *zName = 0;     /* Name of the index */
................................................................................
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  int nCol;
  int nExtra = 0;
  char *zExtra;

  assert( pStart==0 || pEnd!=0 ); /* pEnd must be non-NULL if pStart is */
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
................................................................................
      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema==pTab->pSchema );





  }else{
    assert( pName==0 );
    assert( pStart==0 );
    pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
    if( !pTab ) goto exit_create_index;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
................................................................................
  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;

  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
  pIndex->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;





  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

  /* Check to see if we should honor DESC requests on index columns
  */
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>=4 ){
    sortOrderMask = -1;   /* Honor DESC */
  }else{
................................................................................
    }
    if( !db->init.busy && !sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;

  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
................................................................................
  ** we don't want to recreate it.
  **
  ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as a primary key
  ** or UNIQUE constraint of a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
  ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
  ** step can be skipped.
  */
  else{ /* if( db->init.busy==0 ) */
    Vdbe *v;
    char *zStmt;
    int iMem = ++pParse->nMem;

    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

................................................................................
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_CreateIndex, iDb, iMem);

    /* Gather the complete text of the CREATE INDEX statement into
    ** the zStmt variable
    */
    if( pStart ){
      assert( pEnd!=0 );

      /* A named index with an explicit CREATE INDEX statement */
      zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "CREATE%s INDEX %.*s",
        onError==OE_None ? "" : " UNIQUE",
        (int)(pEnd->z - pName->z) + 1,
        pName->z);
    }else{
      /* An automatic index created by a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint */
      /* zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(""); */
      zStmt = 0;
    }

    /* Add an entry in sqlite_master for this index
................................................................................
    }
    pRet = pIndex;
    pIndex = 0;
  }

  /* Clean up before exiting */
exit_create_index:
  if( pIndex ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIndex->zColAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIndex);
  }
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTblName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  return pRet;
}

/*
................................................................................
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
    pSrc = pNew;
    nGot = (sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pNew) - sizeof(*pSrc))/sizeof(pSrc->a[0])+1;
    pSrc->nAlloc = (u16)nGot;
  }

  /* Move existing slots that come after the newly inserted slots
  ** out of the way */
  for(i=pSrc->nSrc-1; i>=iStart; i--){
    pSrc->a[i+nExtra] = pSrc->a[i];
  }
  pSrc->nSrc += (i16)nExtra;

  /* Zero the newly allocated slots */
  memset(&pSrc->a[iStart], 0, sizeof(pSrc->a[0])*nExtra);
  for(i=iStart; i<iStart+nExtra; i++){
    pSrc->a[i].iCursor = -1;
  }

................................................................................
** pointer. If an error occurs (out of memory or missing collation 
** sequence), NULL is returned and the state of pParse updated to reflect
** the error.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  int i;
  int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
  int nBytes = sizeof(KeyInfo) + (nCol-1)*sizeof(CollSeq*) + nCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  KeyInfo *pKey = (KeyInfo *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nBytes);


  if( pKey ){
    pKey->db = pParse->db;
    pKey->aSortOrder = (u8 *)&(pKey->aColl[nCol]);
    assert( &pKey->aSortOrder[nCol]==&(((u8 *)pKey)[nBytes]) );
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
      assert( zColl );
      pKey->aColl[i] = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
      pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
    }
    pKey->nField = (u16)nCol;
  }

  if( pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pKey);
    pKey = 0;
  }
  return pKey;
}

/************** End of build.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file callback.c ****************************************/
................................................................................
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  int *aRegIdx       /* Only delete if aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]>0 */
){
  int i;
  Index *pIdx;
  int r1;



  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i-1]==0 ) continue;
    r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iCur, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(pParse->pVdbe, OP_IdxDelete, iCur+i, r1,pIdx->nColumn+1);

  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and put it in register
** regOut.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
** iCur is the index of a cursor open on the pTab table and pointing to
** the entry that needs indexing.
**
** Return a register number which is the first in a block of
** registers that holds the elements of the index key.  The
** block of registers has already been deallocated by the time
** this routine returns.







*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,       /* The index for which to generate a key */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the pIdx->pTable table */
  int regOut,        /* Write the new index key to this register */
  int doMakeRec      /* Run the OP_MakeRecord instruction if true */

){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int regBase;
  int nCol;











  nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, regBase+nCol);
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regBase+nCol, regBase+j);
................................................................................
** substr(x,p1,p2)  returns p2 characters of x[] beginning with p1.
** p1 is 1-indexed.  So substr(x,1,1) returns the first character
** of x.  If x is text, then we actually count UTF-8 characters.
** If x is a blob, then we count bytes.
**
** If p1 is negative, then we begin abs(p1) from the end of x[].
**
** If p2 is negative, return the p2 characters preceeding p1.
*/
static void substrFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const unsigned char *z;
................................................................................
** digits. */
static const char hexdigits[] = {
  '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7',
  '8', '9', 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F' 
};

/*
** EXPERIMENTAL - This is not an official function.  The interface may
** change.  This function may disappear.  Do not write code that depends
** on this function.
**
** Implementation of the QUOTE() function.  This function takes a single
** argument.  If the argument is numeric, the return value is the same as
** the argument.  If the argument is NULL, the return value is the string
** "NULL".  Otherwise, the argument is enclosed in single quotes with
** single-quote escapes.
*/
static void quoteFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
................................................................................
    sqlite3_result_zeroblob(context, (int)n); /* IMP: R-00293-64994 */
  }
}

/*
** The replace() function.  Three arguments are all strings: call
** them A, B, and C. The result is also a string which is derived
** from A by replacing every occurance of B with C.  The match
** must be exact.  Collating sequences are not used.
*/
static void replaceFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iCur, iOk, regRec, 0);
  
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regTemp, nCol);
    }
  }



  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){

    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
................................................................................

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table */
  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;


    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){

      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
................................................................................
  /* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
  ** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
  ** Add the new records to the indices as we go.
  */
  for(iCur=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, iCur++){
    int regIdx;
    int regR;


    if( aRegIdx[iCur]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip unused indices */










    /* Create a key for accessing the index entry */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn+1);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regRowid, regIdx+i);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1);

    /* Find out what action to take in case there is an indexing conflict */
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ){ 
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1);

      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
................................................................................
            pParse, pTab, baseCur, regR, 0, pTrigger, OE_Replace
        );
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j3);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regR);
  }
  
  if( pbMayReplace ){
    *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  }
}
................................................................................
  int *aRegIdx,       /* Register used by each index.  0 for unused indices */
  int isUpdate,       /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */
  int appendBias,     /* True if this is likely to be an append */
  int useSeekResult   /* True to set the USESEEKRESULT flag on OP_[Idx]Insert */
){
  int i;
  Vdbe *v;
  int nIdx;
  Index *pIdx;
  u8 pik_flags;
  int regData;
  int regRec;

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){}
  for(i=nIdx-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;



    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, baseCur+i+1, aRegIdx[i]);
    if( useSeekResult ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
    }
  }
  regData = regRowid + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
................................................................................
** for index pDest in an insert transfer optimization.  The rules
** for a compatible index:
**
**    *   The index is over the same set of columns
**    *   The same DESC and ASC markings occurs on all columns
**    *   The same onError processing (OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, etc)
**    *   The same collating sequence on each column

*/
static int xferCompatibleIndex(Index *pDest, Index *pSrc){
  int i;
  assert( pDest && pSrc );
  assert( pDest->pTable!=pSrc->pTable );
  if( pDest->nColumn!=pSrc->nColumn ){
    return 0;   /* Different number of columns */
................................................................................
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different sort orders */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pSrc->azColl[i],pDest->azColl[i]) ){
      return 0;   /* Different collating sequences */
    }



  }

  /* If no test above fails then the indices must be compatible */
  return 1;
}

/*
................................................................................
      if( xferCompatibleIndex(pDestIdx, pSrcIdx) ) break;
    }
    if( pSrcIdx==0 ){
      return 0;    /* pDestIdx has no corresponding index in pSrc */
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  if( pDest->pCheck && sqlite3ExprListCompare(pSrc->pCheck, pDest->pCheck) ){
    return 0;   /* Tables have different CHECK constraints.  Ticket #2252 */
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  /* Disallow the transfer optimization if the destination table constains
  ** any foreign key constraints.  This is more restrictive than necessary.
  ** But the main beneficiary of the transfer optimization is the VACUUM 
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  /* This case when the file really is being compiled as a loadable 
  ** extension */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api=0;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api=v;


#else
  /* This case when the file is being statically linked into the 
  ** application */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     /*no-op*/
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  (void)v; /* unused parameter */

#endif

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */

/************** End of sqlite3ext.h ******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in loadext.c ********************/
/* #include <string.h> */
................................................................................
      }
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    assert( (rc&0xff)==rc );
    return rc;
  }
}






























/*
** Reset the automatic extension loading mechanism.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize()==SQLITE_OK )
................................................................................
    memcpy(pI64, &value, sizeof(value));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, mem, 0, (char*)pI64, P4_INT64);
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLabel, SQLITE_STATIC);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
}





























#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
/*
** Check to see if zRight and zLeft refer to a pragma that queries
** or changes one of the flags in db->flags.  Return 1 if so and 0 if not.
** Also, implement the pragma.
*/
................................................................................
    { "full_column_names",        SQLITE_FullColNames  },
    { "short_column_names",       SQLITE_ShortColNames },
    { "count_changes",            SQLITE_CountRows     },
    { "empty_result_callbacks",   SQLITE_NullCallback  },
    { "legacy_file_format",       SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
    { "fullfsync",                SQLITE_FullFSync     },
    { "checkpoint_fullfsync",     SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },

    { "reverse_unordered_selects", SQLITE_ReverseOrder  },

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
................................................................................
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

    /* TODO: Maybe it shouldn't be possible to change the ReadUncommitted
    ** flag if there are any active statements. */
    { "read_uncommitted",         SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
    { "recursive_triggers",       SQLITE_RecTriggers },

    /* This flag may only be set if both foreign-key and trigger support
    ** are present in the build.  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    { "foreign_keys",             SQLITE_ForeignKeys },

#endif
  };
  int i;
  const struct sPragmaType *p;
  for(i=0, p=aPragma; i<ArraySize(aPragma); i++, p++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, p->zName)==0 ){
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
            mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
          }

          if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
            db->flags |= mask;
          }else{
            db->flags &= ~mask;

          }

          /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
          ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
          ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
          */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
    }
    sz = -1;
    if( sqlite3_file_control(db,zDb,SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE,&sz)==SQLITE_OK ){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE==0
      sz = 0;
#endif

      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);



    }
  }else

  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
................................................................................
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;

      }
    }
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  if( flagPragma(pParse, zLeft, zRight) ){
    /* The flagPragma() subroutine also generates any necessary code
    ** there is nothing more to do here */
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
................................................................................
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is an experimental reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "integrity_check")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "quick_check")==0 
  ){
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;
................................................................................
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->tnum, 2+cnt);
          cnt++;
        }
      }

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      if( pParse->nMem < cnt+4 ){
        pParse->nMem = cnt+4;
      }

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
................................................................................
        Index *pIdx;
        int loopTop;

        if( pTab->pIndex==0 ) continue;
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);  /* Stop if out of errors */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, 1, OP_OpenRead);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 2);  /* reg(2) will count entries */


        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 1, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 2, 1);   /* increment entry count */
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2;
          int r1;
          static const VdbeOpList idxErr[] = {
            { OP_AddImm,      1, -1,  0},
            { OP_String8,     0,  3,  0},    /* 1 */
            { OP_Rowid,       1,  4,  0},
            { OP_String8,     0,  5,  0},    /* 3 */
            { OP_String8,     0,  6,  0},    /* 4 */
................................................................................
            { OP_Concat,      4,  3,  3},
            { OP_Concat,      5,  3,  3},
            { OP_Concat,      6,  3,  3},
            { OP_ResultRow,   3,  1,  0},
            { OP_IfPos,       1,  0,  0},    /* 9 */
            { OP_Halt,        0,  0,  0},
          };
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, 1, 3, 0);

          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, j+2, 0, r1, pIdx->nColumn+1);
          addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(idxErr), idxErr);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+1, "rowid ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+3, " missing from index ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+4, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+9);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);

        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 1, loopTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop);



        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          static const VdbeOpList cntIdx[] = {
             { OP_Integer,      0,  3,  0},
             { OP_Rewind,       0,  0,  0},  /* 1 */
             { OP_AddImm,       3,  1,  0},
             { OP_Next,         0,  0,  0},  /* 3 */
             { OP_Eq,           2,  0,  3},  /* 4 */
             { OP_AddImm,       1, -1,  0},
             { OP_String8,      0,  2,  0},  /* 6 */
             { OP_String8,      0,  3,  0},  /* 7 */
             { OP_Concat,       3,  2,  2},
             { OP_ResultRow,    2,  1,  0},
          };
          addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
          addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(cntIdx), cntIdx);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, j+2);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr+1, addr+4);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+3, j+2);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr+3, addr+2);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+4);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+6, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);



          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+7, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);


        }

      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }else
................................................................................
    }

  }else
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "key")==0 && zRight ){
    sqlite3_key(db, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "rekey")==0 && zRight ){
    sqlite3_rekey(db, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( zRight && (sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexkey")==0 ||
                 sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexrekey")==0) ){
    int i, h1, h2;
    char zKey[40];
    for(i=0; (h1 = zRight[i])!=0 && (h2 = zRight[i+1])!=0; i+=2){
      h1 += 9*(1&(h1>>6));
      h2 += 9*(1&(h2>>6));
      zKey[i/2] = (h2 & 0x0f) | ((h1 & 0xf)<<4);
    }
    if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
      sqlite3_key(db, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey(db, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
................................................................................
#endif
  }else
#endif

 
  {/* Empty ELSE clause */}

  /*
  ** Reset the safety level, in case the fullfsync flag or synchronous
  ** setting changed.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  if( db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(pDb->pBt, pDb->safety_level,
               (db->flags&SQLITE_FullFSync)!=0,
               (db->flags&SQLITE_CkptFullFSync)!=0);
  }
#endif
pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */

................................................................................
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3VtabUnlockList(db);

  pParse->db = db;
  pParse->nQueryLoop = (double)1;
  if( nBytes>=0 && (nBytes==0 || zSql[nBytes-1]!=0) ){
    char *zSqlCopy;
    int mxLen = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH];
    testcase( nBytes==mxLen );
    testcase( nBytes==mxLen+1 );
    if( nBytes>mxLen ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_TOOBIG, "statement too long");
................................................................................
      pParse->zTail = &zSql[pParse->zTail-zSqlCopy];
    }else{
      pParse->zTail = &zSql[nBytes];
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3RunParser(pParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);
  }
  assert( 1==(int)pParse->nQueryLoop );

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_DONE ) pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pParse->checkSchema ){
    schemaIsValid(pParse);
................................................................................
  const char *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( ppStmt );
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;






  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  zSql8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zSql, nBytes, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  if( zSql8 ){
    rc = sqlite3LockAndPrepare(db, zSql8, -1, saveSqlFlag, 0, ppStmt, &zTail8);
  }

................................................................................
  if( p ){
    clearSelect(db, p);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}

/*
** Given 1 to 3 identifiers preceeding the JOIN keyword, determine the
** type of join.  Return an integer constant that expresses that type
** in terms of the following bit values:
**
**     JT_INNER
**     JT_CROSS
**     JT_OUTER
**     JT_NATURAL
................................................................................
  ** there is a sorter, in which case the sorter has already limited
  ** the output for us.
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1);
  }
}




















/*
** Given an expression list, generate a KeyInfo structure that records
** the collating sequence for each expression in that expression list.
**
** If the ExprList is an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause then the resulting
** KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual index to
................................................................................
**
** Space to hold the KeyInfo structure is obtain from malloc.  The calling
** function is responsible for seeing that this structure is eventually
** freed.  Add the KeyInfo structure to the P4 field of an opcode using
** P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF is the usual way of dealing with this.
*/
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int nExpr;
  KeyInfo *pInfo;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;

  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pInfo) + nExpr*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1) );
  if( pInfo ){
    pInfo->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pInfo->aColl[nExpr];
    pInfo->nField = (u16)nExpr;
    pInfo->enc = ENC(db);
    pInfo->db = db;
    for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      }
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

................................................................................
  int iLimit = 0;
  int iOffset;
  int addr1, n;
  if( p->iLimit ) return;

  /* 
  ** "LIMIT -1" always shows all rows.  There is some
  ** contraversy about what the correct behavior should be.
  ** The current implementation interprets "LIMIT 0" to mean
  ** no rows.
  */
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  assert( p->pOffset==0 || p->pLimit!=0 );
  if( p->pLimit ){
    p->iLimit = iLimit = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( NEVER(v==0) ) return;  /* VDBE should have already been allocated */
    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLimit, &n) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, n, iLimit);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      if( n==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iBreak);
      }else{
        if( p->nSelectRow > (double)n ) p->nSelectRow = (double)n;
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit, iBreak);
    }
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
      if( pPrior->pLimit
       && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pPrior->pLimit, &nLimit)
       && p->nSelectRow > (double)nLimit 
      ){
        p->nSelectRow = (double)nLimit;
      }
      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_EXCEPT:
................................................................................
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pRightmost==p );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db,
                       sizeof(*pKeyInfo)+nCol*(sizeof(CollSeq*) + 1));
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }

    pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(db);
    pKeyInfo->nField = (u16)nCol;

    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
      *apColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
      if( 0==*apColl ){
        *apColl = db->pDfltColl;
      }
    }
    pKeyInfo->aSortOrder = (u8*)apColl;

    for(pLoop=p; pLoop; pLoop=pLoop->pPrior){
      for(i=0; i<2; i++){
        int addr = pLoop->addrOpenEphm[i];
        if( addr<0 ){
          /* If [0] is unused then [1] is also unused.  So we can
          ** always safely abort as soon as the first unused slot is found */
................................................................................
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->iOrderByCol>0  && pItem->iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr );
      aPermute[i] = pItem->iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge =
      sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pKeyMerge)+nOrderBy*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1));
    if( pKeyMerge ){
      pKeyMerge->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pKeyMerge->aColl[nOrderBy];
      pKeyMerge->nField = (u16)nOrderBy;
      pKeyMerge->enc = ENC(db);
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        CollSeq *pColl;
        Expr *pTerm = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        if( pTerm->flags & EP_Collate ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pTerm);
        }else{
          pColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, aPermute[i]);
................................................................................
    regPrev = 0;
  }else{
    int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( nOrderBy>=nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
    regPrev = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nExpr+1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regPrev);
    pKeyDup = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db,
                  sizeof(*pKeyDup) + nExpr*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1) );
    if( pKeyDup ){
      pKeyDup->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pKeyDup->aColl[nExpr];
      pKeyDup->nField = (u16)nExpr;
      pKeyDup->enc = ENC(db);
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i++){
        pKeyDup->aColl[i] = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
        pKeyDup->aSortOrder[i] = 0;
      }
    }
  }
 
................................................................................
** If anything goes wrong, an error message is written into pParse.
** The calling function can detect the problem by looking at pParse->nErr
** and/or pParse->db->mallocFailed.
*/
static void sqlite3SelectExpand(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
  Walker w;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
  w.xExprCallback = exprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;


  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);

  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
static void explainSimpleCount(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being queried */
  Index *pIdx                     /* Index used to optimize scan, or NULL */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zEqp = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "SCAN TABLE %s %s%s(~%d rows)",
        pTab->zName, 
        pIdx ? "USING COVERING INDEX " : "",
        pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "",
        pTab->nRowEst
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
        pParse->pVdbe, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zEqp, P4_DYNAMIC
    );
  }
}
#else
................................................................................
      if( pItem->viaCoroutine==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pItem->regReturn, pItem->addrFillSub);
      }
      continue;
    }

    /* Increment Parse.nHeight by the height of the largest expression
    ** tree refered to by this, the parent select. The child select
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

................................................................................
  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
  ** to disable this optimization for testing purposes.
  */
  if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(p->pGroupBy, pOrderBy)==0
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_GroupByOrder) ){
    pOrderBy = 0;
  }

  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(pOrderBy, p->pEList)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    pOrderBy = 0;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
................................................................................
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pDest->iSDParm, pEList->nExpr);
  }

  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  p->nSelectRow = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    p->selFlags |= SF_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
................................................................................
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    ExprList *pDist = (sDistinct.isTnct ? p->pEList : 0);

    /* Begin the database scan. */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pOrderBy, pDist, 0,0);

    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
    if( pWInfo->nRowOut < p->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pWInfo->nRowOut;




    if( pWInfo->eDistinct ) sDistinct.eTnctType = pWInfo->eDistinct;
    if( pOrderBy && pWInfo->nOBSat==pOrderBy->nExpr ) pOrderBy = 0;



    /* If sorting index that was created by a prior OP_OpenEphemeral 
    ** instruction ended up not being needed, then change the OP_OpenEphemeral
    ** into an OP_Noop.
    */
    if( addrSortIndex>=0 && pOrderBy==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrSortIndex);
      p->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
    }

    /* Use the standard inner loop. */
    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, pEList, 0, 0, pOrderBy, &sDistinct, pDest,
                    pWInfo->iContinue, pWInfo->iBreak);


    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
    /* This case when there exist aggregate functions or a GROUP BY clause
    ** or both */
................................................................................

      for(k=p->pEList->nExpr, pItem=p->pEList->a; k>0; k--, pItem++){
        pItem->iAlias = 0;
      }
      for(k=pGroupBy->nExpr, pItem=pGroupBy->a; k>0; k--, pItem++){
        pItem->iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>(double)100 ) p->nSelectRow = (double)100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = (double)1;
    }

 
    /* Create a label to jump to when we want to abort the query */
    addrEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Convert TK_COLUMN nodes into TK_AGG_COLUMN and make entries in
................................................................................

      /* Begin a loop that will extract all source rows in GROUP BY order.
      ** This might involve two separate loops with an OP_Sort in between, or
      ** it might be a single loop that uses an index to extract information
      ** in the right order to begin with.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pGroupBy, 0, 0, 0);

      if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
      if( pWInfo->nOBSat==pGroupBy->nExpr ){

        /* The optimizer is able to deliver rows in group by order so
        ** we do not have to sort.  The OP_OpenEphemeral table will be
        ** cancelled later because we still need to use the pKeyInfo
        */
        groupBySort = 0;
      }else{
        /* Rows are coming out in undetermined order.  We have to push
................................................................................
        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax,0,flag,0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( pWInfo->nOBSat>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pWInfo->iBreak);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)bRecursive);
  }
}

/*
** This is called to code the required FOR EACH ROW triggers for an operation
** on table pTab. The operation to code triggers for (INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE)
** is given by the op paramater. The tr_tm parameter determines whether the
** BEFORE or AFTER triggers are coded. If the operation is an UPDATE, then
** parameter pChanges is passed the list of columns being modified.
**
** If there are no triggers that fire at the specified time for the specified
** operation on pTab, this function is a no-op.
**
** The reg argument is the address of the first in an array of registers 
................................................................................
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){}
  if( nIdx>0 ){
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Index*) * nIdx );
    if( aRegIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  }
  for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    int reg;
    if( hasFK || chngRowid ){
      reg = ++pParse->nMem;
    }else{
      reg = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ){
          reg = ++pParse->nMem;
          break;
................................................................................
  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
      pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, 0
  );
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  okOnePass = pWInfo->okOnePass;

  /* Remember the rowid of every item to be updated.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, regOldRowid);
  if( !okOnePass ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  }
................................................................................
  int nRes;               /* Bytes of reserved space at the end of each page */
  int nDb;                /* Number of attached databases */

  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "cannot VACUUM from within a transaction");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db,"cannot VACUUM - SQL statements in progress");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Save the current value of the database flags so that it can be 
  ** restored before returning. Then set the writable-schema flag, and
  ** disable CHECK and foreign key constraints.  */
................................................................................
  db->aVTrans = 0;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans; i++){
    int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
    sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = aVTrans[i]->pVtab;
    if( pVtab && (x = pVtab->pModule->xSync)!=0 ){
      rc = x(pVtab);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, *pzErrmsg);
      *pzErrmsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pVtab->zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  db->aVTrans = aVTrans;
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))

# define WHERETRACE(X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define WHERETRACE(X)
#endif

/* Forward reference
*/
typedef struct WhereClause WhereClause;
typedef struct WhereMaskSet WhereMaskSet;
typedef struct WhereOrInfo WhereOrInfo;
typedef struct WhereAndInfo WhereAndInfo;

typedef struct WhereCost WhereCost;






































































































































































/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by AND operators,
** usually, or sometimes subexpressions separated by OR.
**
................................................................................
** use of a bitmask encoding for the operator allows us to search
** quickly for terms that match any of several different operators.
**
** A WhereTerm might also be two or more subterms connected by OR:
**
**         (t1.X <op> <expr>) OR (t1.Y <op> <expr>) OR ....
**
** In this second case, wtFlag as the TERM_ORINFO set and eOperator==WO_OR
** and the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo field points to auxiliary information that
** is collected about the
**
** If a term in the WHERE clause does not match either of the two previous
** categories, then eOperator==0.  The WhereTerm.pExpr field is still set
** to the original subexpression content and wtFlags is set up appropriately
** but no other fields in the WhereTerm object are meaningful.
**
** When eOperator!=0, prereqRight and prereqAll record sets of cursor numbers,
................................................................................
** bits in the Bitmask.  So, in the example above, the cursor numbers
** would be mapped into integers 0 through 7.
**
** The number of terms in a join is limited by the number of bits
** in prereqRight and prereqAll.  The default is 64 bits, hence SQLite
** is only able to process joins with 64 or fewer tables.
*/
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
................................................................................
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

















/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
**
**           a AND ((b AND c) OR (d AND e)) AND f
**
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
  WhereTerm aStatic[1];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#else
  WhereTerm aStatic[8];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
................................................................................
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};

/*
** A WhereCost object records a lookup strategy and the estimated
** cost of pursuing that strategy.
*/
struct WhereCost {
  WherePlan plan;    /* The lookup strategy */
  double rCost;      /* Overall cost of pursuing this search strategy */
  Bitmask used;      /* Bitmask of cursors used by this plan */


};

/*

































** Bitmasks for the operators that indices are able to exploit.  An

** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** terms in the where clause.

*/
#define WO_IN     0x001
#define WO_EQ     0x002
#define WO_LT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
................................................................................
#define WO_EQUIV  0x400       /* Of the form A==B, both columns */
#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** Value for wsFlags returned by bestIndex() and stored in
** WhereLevel.wsFlags.  These flags determine which search
** strategies are appropriate.
**
** The least significant 12 bits is reserved as a mask for WO_ values above.
** The WhereLevel.wsFlags field is usually set to WO_IN|WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL.
** But if the table is the right table of a left join, WhereLevel.wsFlags
** is set to WO_IN|WO_EQ.  The WhereLevel.wsFlags field can then be used as
** the "op" parameter to findTerm when we are resolving equality constraints.
** ISNULL constraints will then not be used on the right table of a left
** join.  Tickets #2177 and #2189.
*/
#define WHERE_ROWID_EQ     0x00001000  /* rowid=EXPR or rowid IN (...) */
#define WHERE_ROWID_RANGE  0x00002000  /* rowid<EXPR and/or rowid>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00010000  /* x=EXPR or x IN (...) or x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00020000  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00040000  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x080f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE   0x04000000  /* This and all prior have one row */
#define WHERE_OB_UNIQUE    0x00004000  /* Values in ORDER BY columns are 
                                       ** different for every output row */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x08000000  /* Use virtual-table processing */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x10000000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_TEMP_INDEX   0x20000000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT     0x40000000  /* Correct order for DISTINCT */
#define WHERE_COVER_SCAN   0x80000000  /* Full scan of a covering index */

/*
** This module contains many separate subroutines that work together to
** find the best indices to use for accessing a particular table in a query.
** An instance of the following structure holds context information about the
** index search so that it can be more easily passed between the various
** routines.
*/
typedef struct WhereBestIdx WhereBestIdx;
struct WhereBestIdx {
  Parse *pParse;                  /* Parser context */
  WhereClause *pWC;               /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Bitmask notReady;               /* Mask of cursors not available */
  Bitmask notValid;               /* Cursors not available for any purpose */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;             /* The ORDER BY clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct;            /* The select-list if query is DISTINCT */
  sqlite3_index_info **ppIdxInfo; /* Index information passed to xBestIndex */
  int i, n;                       /* Which loop is being coded; # of loops */
  WhereLevel *aLevel;             /* Info about outer loops */
  WhereCost cost;                 /* Lowest cost query plan */
};

/*
** Return TRUE if the probe cost is less than the baseline cost
*/
static int compareCost(const WhereCost *pProbe, const WhereCost *pBaseline){
  if( pProbe->rCost<pBaseline->rCost ) return 1;
  if( pProbe->rCost>pBaseline->rCost ) return 0;
  if( pProbe->plan.nOBSat>pBaseline->plan.nOBSat ) return 1;
  if( pProbe->plan.nRow<pBaseline->plan.nRow ) return 1;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,           /* The parsing context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet,  /* Mapping from table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  u16 wctrlFlags           /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;



























































  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
................................................................................
/*
** Deallocate a WhereClause structure.  The WhereClause structure
** itself is not freed.  This routine is the inverse of whereClauseInit().
*/
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause *pWC){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *a;
  sqlite3 *db = pWC->pParse->db;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1, a=pWC->a; i>=0; i--, a++){
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, a->pExpr);
    }
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO ){
      whereOrInfoDelete(db, a->u.pOrInfo);
    }else if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ANDINFO ){
................................................................................
** WhereTerms.  All pointers to WhereTerms should be invalidated after
** calling this routine.  Such pointers may be reinitialized by referencing
** the pWC->a[] array.
*/
static int whereClauseInsert(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *p, u8 wtFlags){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int idx;
  testcase( wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );  /* EV: R-00211-15100 */
  if( pWC->nTerm>=pWC->nSlot ){
    WhereTerm *pOld = pWC->a;
    sqlite3 *db = pWC->pParse->db;
    pWC->a = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nSlot*2 );
    if( pWC->a==0 ){
      if( wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p);
      }
      pWC->a = pOld;
      return 0;
................................................................................
** The original WHERE clause in pExpr is unaltered.  All this routine
** does is make slot[] entries point to substructure within pExpr.
**
** In the previous sentence and in the diagram, "slot[]" refers to
** the WhereClause.a[] array.  The slot[] array grows as needed to contain
** all terms of the WHERE clause.
*/
static void whereSplit(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pExpr, int op){
  pWC->op = (u8)op;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  if( pExpr->op!=op ){
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pExpr, 0);
  }else{
    whereSplit(pWC, pExpr->pLeft, op);
    whereSplit(pWC, pExpr->pRight, op);
  }
}

/*
** Initialize an expression mask set (a WhereMaskSet object)
*/
#define initMaskSet(P)  memset(P, 0, sizeof(*P))

/*
** Return the bitmask for the given cursor number.  Return 0 if
** iCursor is not in the set.
*/
static Bitmask getMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  int i;
  assert( pMaskSet->n<=(int)sizeof(Bitmask)*8 );
  for(i=0; i<pMaskSet->n; i++){
    if( pMaskSet->ix[i]==iCursor ){
      return ((Bitmask)1)<<i;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new mask for cursor iCursor.
................................................................................
*/
static void createMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  assert( pMaskSet->n < ArraySize(pMaskSet->ix) );
  pMaskSet->ix[pMaskSet->n++] = iCursor;
}

/*
** This routine walks (recursively) an expression tree and generates
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
**
** In order for this routine to work, the calling function must have
** previously invoked sqlite3ResolveExprNames() on the expression.  See
** the header comment on that routine for additional information.
** The sqlite3ResolveExprNames() routines looks for column names and
** sets their opcodes to TK_COLUMN and their Expr.iTable fields to
** the VDBE cursor number of the table.  This routine just has to
** translate the cursor numbers into bitmask values and OR all
** the bitmasks together.
*/
static Bitmask exprListTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
static Bitmask exprSelectTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Select*);
static Bitmask exprTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................
  }
  return mask;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", and "IN".
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-59926-26393 To be usable by an index a term must be
** of one of the following forms: column = expression column > expression
** column >= expression column < expression column <= expression
** expression = column expression > column expression >= column
** expression < column expression <= column column IN
** (expression-list) column IN (subquery) column IS NULL
*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LT>TK_EQ && TK_LT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LE>TK_EQ && TK_LE<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_GE==TK_EQ+4 );
  return op==TK_IN || (op>=TK_EQ && op<=TK_GE) || op==TK_ISNULL;
................................................................................
#define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}

/*
** Commute a comparison operator.  Expressions of the form "X op Y"
** are converted into "Y op X".
**
** If left/right precedence rules come into play when determining the
** collating
** side of the comparison, it remains associated with the same side after
** the commutation. So "Y collate NOCASE op X" becomes 
** "X op Y". This is because any collation sequence on
** the left hand side of a comparison overrides any collation sequence 
** attached to the right. For the same reason the EP_Collate flag
** is not commuted.
*/
static void exprCommute(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  u16 expRight = (pExpr->pRight->flags & EP_Collate);
  u16 expLeft = (pExpr->pLeft->flags & EP_Collate);
................................................................................
  assert( op!=TK_EQ || c==WO_EQ );
  assert( op!=TK_LT || c==WO_LT );
  assert( op!=TK_LE || c==WO_LE );
  assert( op!=TK_GT || c==WO_GT );
  assert( op!=TK_GE || c==WO_GE );
  return c;
}





























































































































/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;            /* Term being examined as possible result */
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;      /* The answer to return */
  WhereClause *pWCOrig = pWC;  /* Original pWC value */
  int j, k;                    /* Loop counters */
  Expr *pX;                /* Pointer to an expression */
  Parse *pParse;           /* Parsing context */
  int iOrigCol = iColumn;  /* Original value of iColumn */
  int nEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entires in aEquiv[] */
  int iEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entries of aEquiv[] processed so far */
  int aEquiv[22];          /* iCur,iColumn and up to 10 other equivalents */

  assert( iCur>=0 );
  aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  for(;;){
    for(pWC=pWCOrig; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
          && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
        ){


          if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
           && (pTerm->eOperator & op & WO_ALL)!=0
          ){
            if( iOrigCol>=0 && pIdx && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              char idxaff;


      
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              pParse = pWC->pParse;
              idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iOrigCol].affinity;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
      
              /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
              ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
              ** value in variable pColl.
              */
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,pX->pLeft,pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      
              for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iOrigCol; j++){
                if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
              }
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( pTerm->prereqRight==0 && (pTerm->eOperator&WO_EQ)!=0 ){
              pResult = pTerm;
              goto findTerm_success;
            }else if( pResult==0 ){
              pResult = pTerm;
            }

          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && nEquiv<ArraySize(aEquiv)
          ){
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable && aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ) break;
            }
            if( j==nEquiv ){
              aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( iEquiv>=nEquiv ) break;
    iCur = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
    iColumn = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
  }
findTerm_success:
  return pResult;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
**
**
*/
static void exprAnalyzeAll(
  SrcList *pTabList,       /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
................................................................................
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ){
    op = pRight->op2;
  }
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol);
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
................................................................................
** subsubterms at least one of which is indexable.  Indexable AND 
** subterms have their eOperator set to WO_AND and they have
** u.pAndInfo set to a dynamically allocated WhereAndTerm object.
**
** From another point of view, "indexable" means that the subterm could
** potentially be used with an index if an appropriate index exists.
** This analysis does not consider whether or not the index exists; that
** is something the bestIndex() routine will determine.  This analysis
** only looks at whether subterms appropriate for indexing exist.
**
** All examples A through E above all satisfy case 2.  But if a term
** also statisfies case 1 (such as B) we know that the optimizer will
** always prefer case 1, so in that case we pretend that case 2 is not
** satisfied.
**
** It might be the case that multiple tables are indexable.  For example,
** (E) above is indexable on tables P, Q, and R.
**
................................................................................
** zero.  This term is not useful for search.
*/
static void exprAnalyzeOrTerm(
  SrcList *pSrc,            /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* the complete WHERE clause */
  int idxTerm               /* Index of the OR-term to be analyzed */
){
  Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;            /* Parser context */

  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;               /* Database connection */
  WhereTerm *pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];    /* The term to be analyzed */
  Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;             /* The expression of the term */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet; /* Table use masks */
  int i;                                  /* Loop counters */
  WhereClause *pOrWc;       /* Breakup of pTerm into subterms */
  WhereTerm *pOrTerm;       /* A Sub-term within the pOrWc */
  WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;     /* Additional information associated with pTerm */
  Bitmask chngToIN;         /* Tables that might satisfy case 1 */
  Bitmask indexable;        /* Tables that are indexable, satisfying case 2 */

................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  whereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet, pWC->wctrlFlags);
  whereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        whereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet, pWC->wctrlFlags);
        whereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pAndWC);
        pAndWC->pOuter = pWC;
        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
          }
        }
        indexable &= b;
      }
    }else if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED ){
      /* Skip this term for now.  We revisit it when we process the
      ** corresponding TERM_VIRTUAL term */
    }else{
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
................................................................................
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
        if( (chngToIN & getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor))==0 ){
          /* This term must be of the form t1.a==t2.b where t2 is in the
          ** chngToIN set but t1 is not.  This term will be either preceeded
          ** or follwed by an inverted copy (t2.b==t1.a).  Skip this term 
          ** and use its inversion. */
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED );
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
          assert( pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_COPIED|TERM_VIRTUAL) );
................................................................................
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(pMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }

    /* At this point, okToChngToIN is true if original pTerm satisfies
    ** case 1.  In that case, construct a new virtual term that is 
    ** pTerm converted into an IN operator.
    **
    ** EV: R-00211-15100
    */
    if( okToChngToIN ){
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
................................................................................
** and the copy has idxParent set to the index of the original term.
*/
static void exprAnalyze(
  SrcList *pSrc,            /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* the WHERE clause */
  int idxTerm               /* Index of the term to be analyzed */
){

  WhereTerm *pTerm;                /* The term to be analyzed */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;          /* Set of table index masks */
  Expr *pExpr;                     /* The expression to be analyzed */
  Bitmask prereqLeft;              /* Prerequesites of the pExpr->pLeft */
  Bitmask prereqAll;               /* Prerequesites of pExpr */
  Bitmask extraRight = 0;          /* Extra dependencies on LEFT JOIN */
  Expr *pStr1 = 0;                 /* RHS of LIKE/GLOB operator */
  int isComplete = 0;              /* RHS of LIKE/GLOB ends with wildcard */
  int noCase = 0;                  /* LIKE/GLOB distinguishes case */
  int op;                          /* Top-level operator.  pExpr->op */
  Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;     /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;        /* Database connection */

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
  pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_AS && pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE );
  prereqLeft = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
      if( noCase ){
        /* The point is to increment the last character before the first
        ** wildcard.  But if we increment '@', that will push it into the
        ** alphabetic range where case conversions will mess up the 
        ** inequality.  To avoid this, make sure to also run the full
        ** LIKE on all candidate expressions by clearing the isComplete flag
        */
        if( c=='A'-1 ) isComplete = 0;   /* EV: R-64339-08207 */


        c = sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    sCollSeqName.z = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    sCollSeqName.n = 6;
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
................................................................................
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
  ** the start of the loop will prevent any results from being returned.
  */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->pLeft->iColumn>=0

  ){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
................................................................................
  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

/*
** This function searches the expression list passed as the second argument
** for an expression of type TK_COLUMN that refers to the same column and
** uses the same collation sequence as the iCol'th column of index pIdx.
** Argument iBase is the cursor number used for the table that pIdx refers
** to.
**
** If such an expression is found, its index in pList->a[] is returned. If
** no expression is found, -1 is returned.
*/
static int findIndexCol(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  ExprList *pList,                /* Expression list to search */
................................................................................
        return i;
      }
    }
  }

  return -1;
}

/*
** This routine determines if pIdx can be used to assist in processing a
** DISTINCT qualifier. In other words, it tests whether or not using this
** index for the outer loop guarantees that rows with equal values for
** all expressions in the pDistinct list are delivered grouped together.
**
** For example, the query 
**
**   SELECT DISTINCT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = ?
**
** can benefit from any index on columns "b" and "c".
*/
static int isDistinctIndex(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC,               /* The WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx,                    /* The index being considered */
  int base,                       /* Cursor number for the table pIdx is on */
  ExprList *pDistinct,            /* The DISTINCT expressions */
  int nEqCol                      /* Number of index columns with == */
){
  Bitmask mask = 0;               /* Mask of unaccounted for pDistinct exprs */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */

  assert( pDistinct!=0 );
  if( pIdx->zName==0 || pDistinct->nExpr>=BMS ) return 0;
  testcase( pDistinct->nExpr==BMS-1 );

  /* Loop through all the expressions in the distinct list. If any of them
  ** are not simple column references, return early. Otherwise, test if the
  ** WHERE clause contains a "col=X" clause. If it does, the expression
  ** can be ignored. If it does not, and the column does not belong to the
  ** same table as index pIdx, return early. Finally, if there is no
  ** matching "col=X" expression and the column is on the same table as pIdx,
  ** set the corresponding bit in variable mask.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pDistinct->nExpr; i++){
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    Expr *p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDistinct->a[i].pExpr);
    if( p->op!=TK_COLUMN ) return 0;
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, p->iTable, p->iColumn, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, 0);
    if( pTerm ){
      Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
      CollSeq *p1 = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
      CollSeq *p2 = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
      if( p1==p2 ) continue;
    }
    if( p->iTable!=base ) return 0;
    mask |= (((Bitmask)1) << i);
  }

  for(i=nEqCol; mask && i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    int iExpr = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, base, pIdx, i);
    if( iExpr<0 ) break;
    mask &= ~(((Bitmask)1) << iExpr);
  }

  return (mask==0);
}


/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant. A DISTINCT list is redundant if the database contains a
** UNIQUE index that guarantees that the result of the query will be distinct
** anyway.

*/
static int isDistinctRedundant(
  Parse *pParse,
  SrcList *pTabList,
  WhereClause *pWC,
  ExprList *pDistinct
){
  Table *pTab;
  Index *pIdx;
  int i;                          
  int iBase;

  /* If there is more than one table or sub-select in the FROM clause of
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Prepare a crude estimate of the logarithm of the input value.
** The results need not be exact.  This is only used for estimating
** the total cost of performing operations with O(logN) or O(NlogN)
** complexity.  Because N is just a guess, it is no great tragedy if
** logN is a little off.
*/

static double estLog(double N){
  double logN = 1;
  double x = 10;
  while( N>x ){
    logN += 1;
    x *= 10;




  }










































  return logN;
}


/*








** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
** are no-ops.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
static void TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(sqlite3_index_info *p){
  int i;
  if( !sqlite3WhereTrace ) return;
  for(i=0; i<p->nConstraint; i++){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("  constraint[%d]: col=%d termid=%d op=%d usabled=%d\n",
       i,
       p->aConstraint[i].iColumn,
................................................................................
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  estimatedCost=%g\n", p->estimatedCost);
}
#else
#define TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(A)
#define TRACE_IDX_OUTPUTS(A)
#endif

/* 
** Required because bestIndex() is called by bestOrClauseIndex() 
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx*);

/*
** This routine attempts to find an scanning strategy that can be used 
** to optimize an 'OR' expression that is part of a WHERE clause. 
**
** The table associated with FROM clause term pSrc may be either a
** regular B-Tree table or a virtual table.
*/
static void bestOrClauseIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;           /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  const int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;      /* The cursor of the table  */
  const Bitmask maskSrc = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);  /* Bitmask for pSrc */
  WhereTerm * const pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];        /* End of pWC->a[] */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;                    /* A single term of the WHERE clause */

  /* The OR-clause optimization is disallowed if the INDEXED BY or
  ** NOT INDEXED clauses are used or if the WHERE_AND_ONLY bit is set. */
  if( pSrc->notIndexed || pSrc->pIndex!=0 ){
    return;
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & p->notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int flags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
      double rTotal = 0;
      double nRow = 0;
      Bitmask used = 0;
      WhereBestIdx sBOI;

      sBOI = *p;
      sBOI.pOrderBy = 0;
      sBOI.pDistinct = 0;
      sBOI.ppIdxInfo = 0;
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        WHERETRACE(("... Multi-index OR testing for term %d of %d....\n", 
          (pOrTerm - pOrWC->a), (pTerm - pWC->a)
        ));
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sBOI.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
          tempWC.op = TK_AND;
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.wctrlFlags = 0;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          sBOI.pWC = &tempWC;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sBOI.cost.rCost;
        nRow += sBOI.cost.plan.nRow;
        used |= sBOI.cost.used;
        if( rTotal>=p->cost.rCost ) break;
      }

      /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, increase the scan cost to account 
      ** for the cost of the sort. */
      if( p->pOrderBy!=0 ){
        WHERETRACE(("... sorting increases OR cost %.9g to %.9g\n",
                    rTotal, rTotal+nRow*estLog(nRow)));
        rTotal += nRow*estLog(nRow);
      }

      /* If the cost of scanning using this OR term for optimization is
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<p->cost.rCost ){
        p->cost.rCost = rTotal;
        p->cost.used = used;
        p->cost.plan.nRow = nRow;
        p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
        p->cost.plan.wsFlags = flags;
        p->cost.plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
/*
** Return TRUE if the WHERE clause term pTerm is of a form where it
** could be used with an index to access pSrc, assuming an appropriate
** index existed.
*/
static int termCanDriveIndex(
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* Table we are trying to access */
  Bitmask notReady               /* Tables in outer loops of the join */
){
  char aff;
  if( pTerm->leftCursor!=pSrc->iCursor ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)!=0 ) return 0;

  aff = pSrc->pTab->aCol[pTerm->u.leftColumn].affinity;
  if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pTerm->pExpr, aff) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
/*
** If the query plan for pSrc specified in pCost is a full table scan
** and indexing is allows (if there is no NOT INDEXED clause) and it
** possible to construct a transient index that would perform better
** than a full table scan even when the cost of constructing the index
** is taken into account, then alter the query plan to use the
** transient index.
*/
static void bestAutomaticIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;            /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc;  /* The FROM clause term to search */
  double nTableRow;                     /* Rows in the input table */
  double logN;                          /* log(nTableRow) */
  double costTempIdx;         /* per-query cost of the transient index */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;           /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pWCEnd;          /* End of pWC->a[] */
  Table *pTable;              /* Table tht might be indexed */

  if( pParse->nQueryLoop<=(double)1 ){
    /* There is no point in building an automatic index for a single scan */
    return;
  }
  if( (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)==0 ){
    /* Automatic indices are disabled at run-time */
    return;
  }
  if( (p->cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0
   && (p->cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COVER_SCAN)==0
  ){
    /* We already have some kind of index in use for this query. */
    return;
  }
  if( pSrc->viaCoroutine ){
    /* Cannot index a co-routine */
    return;
  }
  if( pSrc->notIndexed ){
    /* The NOT INDEXED clause appears in the SQL. */
    return;
  }
  if( pSrc->isCorrelated ){
    /* The source is a correlated sub-query. No point in indexing it. */
    return;
  }

  assert( pParse->nQueryLoop >= (double)1 );
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  nTableRow = pTable->nRowEst;
  logN = estLog(nTableRow);
  costTempIdx = 2*logN*(nTableRow/pParse->nQueryLoop + 1);
  if( costTempIdx>=p->cost.rCost ){
    /* The cost of creating the transient table would be greater than
    ** doing the full table scan */
    return;
  }

  /* Search for any equality comparison term */
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, p->notReady) ){
      WHERETRACE(("auto-index reduces cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                    p->cost.rCost, costTempIdx));
      p->cost.rCost = costTempIdx;
      p->cost.plan.nRow = logN + 1;
      p->cost.plan.wsFlags = WHERE_TEMP_INDEX;
      p->cost.used = pTerm->prereqRight;
      break;
    }
  }
}
#else
# define bestAutomaticIndex(A)  /* no-op */
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
/*
** Generate code to construct the Index object for an automatic index
** and to set up the WhereLevel object pLevel so that the code generator
** makes use of the automatic index.
*/
................................................................................
  KeyInfo *pKeyinfo;          /* Key information for the index */   
  int addrTop;                /* Top of the index fill loop */
  int regRecord;              /* Register holding an index record */
  int n;                      /* Column counter */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */

  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */


  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);

  /* Count the number of columns that will be added to the index
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nColumn = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];

  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? ((Bitmask)1)<<(BMS-1) : ((Bitmask)1)<<iCol;
      testcase( iCol==BMS );
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );






      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){

        nColumn++;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nColumn>0 );
  pLevel->plan.nEq = nColumn;



  /* Count the number of additional columns needed to create a
  ** covering index.  A "covering index" is an index that contains all
  ** columns that are needed by the query.  With a covering index, the
  ** original table never needs to be accessed.  Automatic indices must
  ** be a covering index because the index will not be updated if the
  ** original table changes and the index and table cannot both be used
  ** if they go out of sync.
  */
  extraCols = pSrc->colUsed & (~idxCols | (((Bitmask)1)<<(BMS-1)));
  mxBitCol = (pTable->nCol >= BMS-1) ? BMS-1 : pTable->nCol;
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-1 );
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-2 );
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & (((Bitmask)1)<<i) ) nColumn++;
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & (((Bitmask)1)<<(BMS-1)) ){
    nColumn += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLevel->plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY | WO_EQ;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  nByte = sizeof(Index);
  nByte += nColumn*sizeof(int);     /* Index.aiColumn */
  nByte += nColumn*sizeof(char*);   /* Index.azColl */
  nByte += nColumn;                 /* Index.aSortOrder */
  pIdx = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, nByte);
  if( pIdx==0 ) return;
  pLevel->plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
  pIdx->azColl = (char**)&pIdx[1];
  pIdx->aiColumn = (int*)&pIdx->azColl[nColumn];
  pIdx->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pIdx->aiColumn[nColumn];
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->nColumn = nColumn;
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? ((Bitmask)1)<<(BMS-1) : ((Bitmask)1)<<iCol;


      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        idxCols |= cMask;
        pIdx->aiColumn[n] = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
        pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
        pIdx->azColl[n] = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : "BINARY";
        n++;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( (u32)n==pLevel->plan.nEq );

  /* Add additional columns needed to make the automatic index into
  ** a covering index */
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & (((Bitmask)1)<<i) ){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & (((Bitmask)1)<<(BMS-1)) ){
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nColumn );

  /* Create the automatic index */
  pKeyinfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nColumn+1, 0,
                    (char*)pKeyinfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
** by passing the pointer returned by this function to sqlite3_free().
*/
static sqlite3_index_info *allocateIndexInfo(WhereBestIdx *p){
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse; 
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc;
  ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  int i, j;
  int nTerm;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pIdxOrderBy;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int nOrderBy;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;

  WHERETRACE(("Recomputing index info for %s...\n", pSrc->pTab->zName));

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
................................................................................
  /* Allocate the sqlite3_index_info structure
  */
  pIdxInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, sizeof(*pIdxInfo)
                           + (sizeof(*pIdxCons) + sizeof(*pUsage))*nTerm
                           + sizeof(*pIdxOrderBy)*nOrderBy );
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "out of memory");
    /* (double)0 In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
    return 0;
  }

  /* Initialize the structure.  The sqlite3_index_info structure contains
  ** many fields that are declared "const" to prevent xBestIndex from
  ** changing them.  We have to do some funky casting in order to
  ** initialize those fields.
................................................................................

  return pIdxInfo;
}

/*
** The table object reference passed as the second argument to this function
** must represent a virtual table. This function invokes the xBestIndex()
** method of the virtual table with the sqlite3_index_info pointer passed
** as the argument.
**
** If an error occurs, pParse is populated with an error message and a
** non-zero value is returned. Otherwise, 0 is returned and the output
** part of the sqlite3_index_info structure is left populated.
**
** Whether or not an error is returned, it is the responsibility of the
** caller to eventually free p->idxStr if p->needToFreeIdxStr indicates
................................................................................
** that this is required.
*/
static int vtabBestIndex(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, sqlite3_index_info *p){
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab)->pVtab;
  int i;
  int rc;

  WHERETRACE(("xBestIndex for %s\n", pTab->zName));
  TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(p);
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xBestIndex(pVtab, p);
  TRACE_IDX_OUTPUTS(p);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
................................................................................
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "table %s: xBestIndex returned an invalid plan", pTab->zName);
    }
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}



/*
** Compute the best index for a virtual table.
**
** The best index is computed by the xBestIndex method of the virtual
** table module.  This routine is really just a wrapper that sets up
** the sqlite3_index_info structure that is used to communicate with
** xBestIndex.
**
** In a join, this routine might be called multiple times for the
** same virtual table.  The sqlite3_index_info structure is created
** and initialized on the first invocation and reused on all subsequent
** invocations.  The sqlite3_index_info structure is also used when
** code is generated to access the virtual table.  The whereInfoDelete() 
** routine takes care of freeing the sqlite3_index_info structure after
** everybody has finished with it.
*/
static void bestVirtualIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;      /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;      /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j;
  int nOrderBy;
  int bAllowIN;                   /* Allow IN optimizations */
  double rCost;

  /* Make sure wsFlags is initialized to some sane value. Otherwise, if the 
  ** malloc in allocateIndexInfo() fails and this function returns leaving
  ** wsFlags in an uninitialized state, the caller may behave unpredictably.
  */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags = WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE;

  /* If the sqlite3_index_info structure has not been previously
  ** allocated and initialized, then allocate and initialize it now.
  */
  pIdxInfo = *p->ppIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ){
    *p->ppIdxInfo = pIdxInfo = allocateIndexInfo(p);
  }
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ){
    return;
  }

  /* At this point, the sqlite3_index_info structure that pIdxInfo points
  ** to will have been initialized, either during the current invocation or
  ** during some prior invocation.  Now we just have to customize the
  ** details of pIdxInfo for the current invocation and pass it to
  ** xBestIndex.
  */

  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab) );

  /* Try once or twice.  On the first attempt, allow IN optimizations.
  ** If an IN optimization is accepted by the virtual table xBestIndex
  ** method, but the  pInfo->aConstrainUsage.omit flag is not set, then
  ** the query will not work because it might allow duplicate rows in
  ** output.  In that case, run the xBestIndex method a second time
  ** without the IN constraints.  Usually this loop only runs once.
  ** The loop will exit using a "break" statement.
  */
  for(bAllowIN=1; 1; bAllowIN--){
    assert( bAllowIN==0 || bAllowIN==1 );

    /* Set the aConstraint[].usable fields and initialize all 
    ** output variables to zero.
    **
    ** aConstraint[].usable is true for constraints where the right-hand
    ** side contains only references to tables to the left of the current
    ** table.  In other words, if the constraint is of the form:
    **
    **           column = expr
    **
    ** and we are evaluating a join, then the constraint on column is 
    ** only valid if all tables referenced in expr occur to the left
    ** of the table containing column.
    **
    ** The aConstraints[] array contains entries for all constraints
    ** on the current table.  That way we only have to compute it once
    ** even though we might try to pick the best index multiple times.
    ** For each attempt at picking an index, the order of tables in the
    ** join might be different so we have to recompute the usable flag
    ** each time.
    */
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      if( (pTerm->prereqRight&p->notReady)==0
       && (bAllowIN || (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0)
      ){
        pIdxCons->usable = 1;
      }else{
        pIdxCons->usable = 0;
      }
    }
    memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    /* ((double)2) In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / ((double)2);
    nOrderBy = pIdxInfo->nOrderBy;
    if( !p->pOrderBy ){
      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
    }
  
    if( vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo) ){
      return;
    }
  
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      if( pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
        j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
        p->cost.used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
        if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
          if( pUsage[i].omit==0 ){
            /* Do not attempt to use an IN constraint if the virtual table
            ** says that the equivalent EQ constraint cannot be safely omitted.
            ** If we do attempt to use such a constraint, some rows might be
            ** repeated in the output. */
            break;
          }
          /* A virtual table that is constrained by an IN clause may not
          ** consume the ORDER BY clause because (1) the order of IN terms
          ** is not necessarily related to the order of output terms and
          ** (2) Multiple outputs from a single IN value will not merge
          ** together.  */
          pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=pIdxInfo->nConstraint ) break;
  }

  /* The orderByConsumed signal is only valid if all outer loops collectively
  ** generate just a single row of output.
  */
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    for(i=0; i<p->i; i++){
      if( (p->aLevel[i].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)==0 ){
        pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  
  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, and the selected virtual table index
  ** does not satisfy it, increase the cost of the scan accordingly. This
  ** matches the processing for non-virtual tables in bestBtreeIndex().
  */
  rCost = pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
  if( p->pOrderBy && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed==0 ){
    rCost += estLog(rCost)*rCost;
  }

  /* The cost is not allowed to be larger than SQLITE_BIG_DBL (the
  ** inital value of lowestCost in this loop. If it is, then the
  ** (cost<lowestCost) test below will never be true.
  ** 
  ** Use "(double)2" instead of "2.0" in case OMIT_FLOATING_POINT 
  ** is defined.
  */
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
................................................................................
      const u8 *z;
      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(pParse, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){


          return SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
   || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    int iVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iVar);
    *pp = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pParse->pReprepare, iVar, aff);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pParse->db, pExpr, SQLITE_UTF8, aff, pp);
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  double *pRangeDiv   /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;
    tRowcnt iLower = 0;
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
................................................................................
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( (pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];
      }else{
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0]/(double)(iUpper - iLower);
      }
      WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%g\n",
                  (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, *pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *pRangeDiv = (double)1;


  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;


  if( pUpper ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;


  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
................................................................................
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
................................................................................
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));
    *pnRow = a[1];
  }
whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */
................................................................................
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Subfunction return code */
  double nEst;                /* Number of rows for a single term */
  double nRowEst = (double)0; /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the table with cursor iTab will appear
** in sorted order according to the current query plan.
**
** Return values:
**
**    0   iCol is not ordered
**    1   iCol has only a single value
**    2   iCol is in ASC order
**    3   iCol is in DESC order
*/
static int isOrderedColumn(
  WhereBestIdx *p,
  int iTab,
  int iCol
){
  int i, j;
  WhereLevel *pLevel = &p->aLevel[p->i-1];
  Index *pIdx;
  u8 sortOrder;
  for(i=p->i-1; i>=0; i--, pLevel--){
    if( pLevel->iTabCur!=iTab ) continue;
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    assert( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERED)!=0 );
    if( (pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx)!=0 ){
      if( iCol<0 ){
        sortOrder = 0;
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }else{
        int n = pIdx->nColumn;
        for(j=0; j<n; j++){
          if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ) break;
        }
        if( j>=n ) return 0;
        sortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[j];
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }
    }else{
      if( iCol!=(-1) ) return 0;
      sortOrder = 0;
      testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
    }
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 ){
      assert( sortOrder==0 || sortOrder==1 );
      testcase( sortOrder==1 );
      sortOrder = 1 - sortOrder;
    }
    return sortOrder+2;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This routine decides if pIdx can be used to satisfy the ORDER BY
** clause, either in whole or in part.  The return value is the 
** cumulative number of terms in the ORDER BY clause that are satisfied
** by the index pIdx and other indices in outer loops.
**
** The table being queried has a cursor number of "base".  pIdx is the
** index that is postulated for use to access the table.
**
** The *pbRev value is set to 0 order 1 depending on whether or not
** pIdx should be run in the forward order or in reverse order.
*/
static int isSortingIndex(
  WhereBestIdx *p,    /* Best index search context */
  Index *pIdx,        /* The index we are testing */
  int base,           /* Cursor number for the table to be sorted */
  int *pbRev,         /* Set to 1 for reverse-order scan of pIdx */
  int *pbObUnique     /* ORDER BY column values will different in every row */
){
  int i;                        /* Number of pIdx terms used */
  int j;                        /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied */
  int sortOrder = 2;            /* 0: forward.  1: backward.  2: unknown */
  int nTerm;                    /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  struct ExprList_item *pOBItem;/* A term of the ORDER BY clause */
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;   /* Table that owns index pIdx */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;           /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;    /* Parser context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database connection */
  int nPriorSat;                /* ORDER BY terms satisfied by outer loops */
  int seenRowid = 0;            /* True if an ORDER BY rowid term is seen */
  int uniqueNotNull;            /* pIdx is UNIQUE with all terms are NOT NULL */
  int outerObUnique;            /* Outer loops generate different values in
                                ** every row for the ORDER BY columns */

  if( p->i==0 ){
    nPriorSat = 0;
    outerObUnique = 1;
  }else{
    u32 wsFlags = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags;
    nPriorSat = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat;
    if( (wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERED)==0 ){
      /* This loop cannot be ordered unless the next outer loop is
      ** also ordered */
      return nPriorSat;
    }
    if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin) ){
      /* Only look at the outer-most loop if the OrderByIdxJoin
      ** optimization is disabled */
      return nPriorSat;
    }
    testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_OB_UNIQUE );
    testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE );
    outerObUnique = (wsFlags & (WHERE_OB_UNIQUE|WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE))!=0;
  }
  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  assert( pOrderBy!=0 );
  if( pIdx->bUnordered ){
    /* Hash indices (indicated by the "unordered" tag on sqlite_stat1) cannot
    ** be used for sorting */
    return nPriorSat;
  }
  nTerm = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  uniqueNotNull = pIdx->onError!=OE_None;
  assert( nTerm>0 );

  /* Argument pIdx must either point to a 'real' named index structure, 
  ** or an index structure allocated on the stack by bestBtreeIndex() to
  ** represent the rowid index that is part of every table.  */
  assert( pIdx->zName || (pIdx->nColumn==1 && pIdx->aiColumn[0]==-1) );

  /* Match terms of the ORDER BY clause against columns of
  ** the index.
  **
  ** Note that indices have pIdx->nColumn regular columns plus
  ** one additional column containing the rowid.  The rowid column
  ** of the index is also allowed to match against the ORDER BY
  ** clause.
  */
  j = nPriorSat;
  for(i=0,pOBItem=&pOrderBy->a[j]; j<nTerm && i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    Expr *pOBExpr;          /* The expression of the ORDER BY pOBItem */
    CollSeq *pColl;         /* The collating sequence of pOBExpr */
    int termSortOrder;      /* Sort order for this term */
    int iColumn;            /* The i-th column of the index.  -1 for rowid */
    int iSortOrder;         /* 1 for DESC, 0 for ASC on the i-th index term */
    int isEq;               /* Subject to an == or IS NULL constraint */
    int isMatch;            /* ORDER BY term matches the index term */
    const char *zColl;      /* Name of collating sequence for i-th index term */
    WhereTerm *pConstraint; /* A constraint in the WHERE clause */

    /* If the next term of the ORDER BY clause refers to anything other than
    ** a column in the "base" table, then this index will not be of any
    ** further use in handling the ORDER BY. */
    pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOBItem->pExpr);
    if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN || pOBExpr->iTable!=base ){
      break;
    }

    /* Find column number and collating sequence for the next entry
    ** in the index */
    if( pIdx->zName && i<pIdx->nColumn ){
      iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( iColumn==pIdx->pTable->iPKey ){
        iColumn = -1;
      }
      iSortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
      assert( zColl!=0 );
    }else{
      iColumn = -1;
      iSortOrder = 0;
      zColl = 0;
    }

    /* Check to see if the column number and collating sequence of the
    ** index match the column number and collating sequence of the ORDER BY
    ** clause entry.  Set isMatch to 1 if they both match. */
    if( pOBExpr->iColumn==iColumn ){
      if( zColl ){
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pOBItem->pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        isMatch = sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, zColl)==0;
      }else{
        isMatch = 1;
      }
    }else{
      isMatch = 0;
    }

    /* termSortOrder is 0 or 1 for whether or not the access loop should
    ** run forward or backwards (respectively) in order to satisfy this 
    ** term of the ORDER BY clause. */
    assert( pOBItem->sortOrder==0 || pOBItem->sortOrder==1 );
    assert( iSortOrder==0 || iSortOrder==1 );
    termSortOrder = iSortOrder ^ pOBItem->sortOrder;

    /* If X is the column in the index and ORDER BY clause, check to see
    ** if there are any X= or X IS NULL constraints in the WHERE clause. */
    pConstraint = findTerm(p->pWC, base, iColumn, p->notReady,
                           WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN, pIdx);
    if( pConstraint==0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)!=0 ){
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
      isEq = 1;  /* "X IS NULL" means X has only a single value */
    }else if( pConstraint->prereqRight==0 ){
      isEq = 1;  /* Constraint "X=constant" means X has only a single value */
    }else{
      Expr *pRight = pConstraint->pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
        WHERETRACE(("       .. isOrderedColumn(tab=%d,col=%d)",
                    pRight->iTable, pRight->iColumn));
        isEq = isOrderedColumn(p, pRight->iTable, pRight->iColumn);
        WHERETRACE((" -> isEq=%d\n", isEq));

        /* If the constraint is of the form X=Y where Y is an ordered value
        ** in an outer loop, then make sure the sort order of Y matches the
        ** sort order required for X. */
        if( isMatch && isEq>=2 && isEq!=pOBItem->sortOrder+2 ){
          testcase( isEq==2 );
          testcase( isEq==3 );
          break;
        }
      }else{
        isEq = 0;  /* "X=expr" places no ordering constraints on X */
      }
    }
    if( !isMatch ){
      if( isEq==0 ){
        break;
      }else{
        continue;
      }
    }else if( isEq!=1 ){
      if( sortOrder==2 ){
        sortOrder = termSortOrder;
      }else if( termSortOrder!=sortOrder ){
        break;
      }
    }
    j++;
    pOBItem++;
    if( iColumn<0 ){
      seenRowid = 1;
      break;
    }else if( pTab->aCol[iColumn].notNull==0 && isEq!=1 ){
      testcase( isEq==0 );
      testcase( isEq==2 );
      testcase( isEq==3 );
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
    }
  }
  if( seenRowid ){
    uniqueNotNull = 1;
  }else if( uniqueNotNull==0 || i<pIdx->nColumn ){
    uniqueNotNull = 0;
  }

  /* If we have not found at least one ORDER BY term that matches the
  ** index, then show no progress. */
  if( pOBItem==&pOrderBy->a[nPriorSat] ) return nPriorSat;

  /* Either the outer queries must generate rows where there are no two
  ** rows with the same values in all ORDER BY columns, or else this
  ** loop must generate just a single row of output.  Example:  Suppose
  ** the outer loops generate A=1 and A=1, and this loop generates B=3
  ** and B=4.  Then without the following test, ORDER BY A,B would 
  ** generate the wrong order output: 1,3 1,4 1,3 1,4
  */
  if( outerObUnique==0 && uniqueNotNull==0 ) return nPriorSat;
  *pbObUnique = uniqueNotNull;

  /* Return the necessary scan order back to the caller */
  *pbRev = sortOrder & 1;

  /* If there was an "ORDER BY rowid" term that matched, or it is only
  ** possible for a single row from this table to match, then skip over
  ** any additional ORDER BY terms dealing with this table.
  */
  if( uniqueNotNull ){
    /* Advance j over additional ORDER BY terms associated with base */
    WhereMaskSet *pMS = p->pWC->pMaskSet;
    Bitmask m = ~getMask(pMS, base);
    while( j<nTerm && (exprTableUsage(pMS, pOrderBy->a[j].pExpr)&m)==0 ){
      j++;
    }
  }
  return j;
}

/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the p->cost.
**
** The lowest cost plan wins.  The cost is an estimate of the amount of
** CPU and disk I/O needed to process the requested result.
** Factors that influence cost include:
**
**    *  The estimated number of rows that will be retrieved.  (The
**       fewer the better.)
**
**    *  Whether or not sorting must occur.
**
**    *  Whether or not there must be separate lookups in the
**       index and in the main table.
**
** If there was an INDEXED BY clause (pSrc->pIndex) attached to the table in
** the SQL statement, then this function only considers plans using the 
** named index. If no such plan is found, then the returned cost is
** SQLITE_BIG_DBL. If a plan is found that uses the named index, 
** then the cost is calculated in the usual way.
**
** If a NOT INDEXED clause was attached to the table 
** in the SELECT statement, then no indexes are considered. However, the 
** selected plan may still take advantage of the built-in rowid primary key
** index.
*/
static void bestBtreeIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;  /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;  /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in p->cost.plan.wsFlag */
  int nPriorSat;              /* ORDER BY terms satisfied by outer loops */
  int nOrderBy;               /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  char bSortInit;             /* Initializer for bSort in inner loop */
  char bDistInit;             /* Initializer for bDist in inner loop */


  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
  p->cost.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

  /* If the pSrc table is the right table of a LEFT JOIN then we may not
  ** use an index to satisfy IS NULL constraints on that table.  This is
  ** because columns might end up being NULL if the table does not match -
  ** a circumstance which the index cannot help us discover.  Ticket #2177.
  */
  if( pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
    idxEqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
  }else{
    idxEqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL;
  }

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pIdx = pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
    wsFlagMask = ~(WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
    eqTermMask = idxEqTermMask;
  }else{
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pSrc->pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pSrc->pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
    wsFlagMask = ~(
        WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE
    );
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  nOrderBy = p->pOrderBy ? p->pOrderBy->nExpr : 0;
  if( p->i ){
    nPriorSat = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat;
    bSortInit = nPriorSat<nOrderBy;
    bDistInit = 0;
  }else{
    nPriorSat = 0;
    bSortInit = nOrderBy>0;
    bDistInit = p->pDistinct!=0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    WhereCost pc;               /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double log10N = (double)1;  /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */

    /* The following variables are populated based on the properties of
    ** index being evaluated. They are then used to determine the expected
    ** cost and number of rows returned.
    **
    **  pc.plan.nEq: 
    **    Number of equality terms that can be implemented using the index.
    **    In other words, the number of initial fields in the index that
    **    are used in == or IN or NOT NULL constraints of the WHERE clause.
    **
    **  nInMul:  
    **    The "in-multiplier". This is an estimate of how many seek operations 
    **    SQLite must perform on the index in question. For example, if the 
    **    WHERE clause is:
    **
    **      WHERE a IN (1, 2, 3) AND b IN (4, 5, 6)
    **
    **    SQLite must perform 9 lookups on an index on (a, b), so nInMul is 
    **    set to 9. Given the same schema and either of the following WHERE 
    **    clauses:
    **
    **      WHERE a =  1
    **      WHERE a >= 2
    **
    **    nInMul is set to 1.
    **
    **    If there exists a WHERE term of the form "x IN (SELECT ...)", then 
    **    the sub-select is assumed to return 25 rows for the purposes of 
    **    determining nInMul.
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  rangeDiv:
    **    An estimate of a divisor by which to reduce the search space due
    **    to inequality constraints.  In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE
    **    data, a single inequality reduces the search space to 1/4rd its
    **    original size (rangeDiv==4).  Two inequalities reduce the search
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bDist:
    **    Boolean. True if there is a DISTINCT clause that will require an 
    **    external btree.
    **
    **  bLookup: 
    **    Boolean. True if a table lookup is required for each index entry
    **    visited.  In other words, true if this is not a covering index.
    **    This is always false for the rowid primary key index of a table.
    **    For other indexes, it is true unless all the columns of the table
    **    used by the SELECT statement are present in the index (such an
    **    index is sometimes described as a covering index).
    **    For example, given the index on (a, b), the second of the following 
    **    two queries requires table b-tree lookups in order to find the value
    **    of column c, but the first does not because columns a and b are
    **    both available in the index.
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    double rangeDiv = (double)1;  /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    char bSort = bSortInit;       /* True if external sort required */
    char bDist = bDistInit;       /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    char bLookup = 0;             /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    WHERETRACE((
      "   %s(%s):\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk")
    ));
    memset(&pc, 0, sizeof(pc));
    pc.plan.nOBSat = nPriorSat;

    /* Determine the values of pc.plan.nEq and nInMul */
    for(pc.plan.nEq=0; pc.plan.nEq<pProbe->nColumn; pc.plan.nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[pc.plan.nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
      if( pTerm==0 ) break;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_EQ);
      testcase( pTerm->pWC!=pWC );
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  Assume the SELECT returns 25 rows */
          nInMul *= 25;
          bInEst = 1;
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( pc.plan.nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      pc.used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that
    ** can be optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE;
        }
      }
    }else if( pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j;
      j = (pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn ? -1 : pProbe->aiColumn[pc.plan.nEq]);
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop, *pBtm;
        pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pc.plan.nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          pc.used |= pTop->prereqRight;
          testcase( pTop->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
          pc.used |= pBtm->prereqRight;
          testcase( pBtm->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
      }
    }

    /* If there is an ORDER BY clause and the index being considered will
    ** naturally scan rows in the required order, set the appropriate flags
    ** in pc.plan.wsFlags. Otherwise, if there is an ORDER BY clause but
    ** the index will scan rows in a different order, set the bSort
    ** variable.  */
    if( bSort && (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ){
      int bRev = 2;
      int bObUnique = 0;
      WHERETRACE(("      --> before isSortIndex: nPriorSat=%d\n",nPriorSat));
      pc.plan.nOBSat = isSortingIndex(p, pProbe, iCur, &bRev, &bObUnique);
      WHERETRACE(("      --> after  isSortIndex: bRev=%d bObU=%d nOBSat=%d\n",
                  bRev, bObUnique, pc.plan.nOBSat));
      if( nPriorSat<pc.plan.nOBSat || (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
        if( bObUnique ) pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_OB_UNIQUE;
      }
      if( nOrderBy==pc.plan.nOBSat ){
        bSort = 0;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
      }
      if( bRev & 1 ) pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
    }

    /* If there is a DISTINCT qualifier and this index will scan rows in
    ** order of the DISTINCT expressions, clear bDist and set the appropriate
    ** flags in pc.plan.wsFlags. */
    if( bDist
     && isDistinctIndex(pParse, pWC, pProbe, iCur, p->pDistinct, pc.plan.nEq)
     && (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0
    ){
      bDist = 0;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_DISTINCT;
    }

    /* If currently calculating the cost of using an index (not the IPK
    ** index), determine if all required column data may be obtained without 
    ** using the main table (i.e. if the index is a covering
    ** index for this query). If it is, set the WHERE_IDX_ONLY flag in
    ** pc.plan.wsFlags. Otherwise, set the bLookup variable to true.  */
    if( pIdx ){
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed;
      int j;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
        int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        if( x<BMS-1 ){
          m &= ~(((Bitmask)1)<<x);
        }
      }
      if( m==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }else{
        bLookup = 1;
      }
    }

    /*
    ** Estimate the number of rows of output.  For an "x IN (SELECT...)"
    ** constraint, do not let the estimate exceed half the rows in the table.
    */
    pc.plan.nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[pc.plan.nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && pc.plan.nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      pc.plan.nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(pc.plan.nRow / aiRowEst[pc.plan.nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    pc.plan.nRow = pc.plan.nRow/rangeDiv;
    if( pc.plan.nRow<1 ) pc.plan.nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
    ** slower with larger records, presumably because fewer records fit
    ** on one page and hence more pages have to be fetched.
    **
    ** The ANALYZE command and the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables do
    ** not give us data on the relative sizes of table and index records.
    ** So this computation assumes table records are about twice as big
    ** as index records
    */
    if( (pc.plan.wsFlags&~(WHERE_REVERSE|WHERE_ORDERED|WHERE_OB_UNIQUE))
                                                              ==WHERE_IDX_ONLY
     && (pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
     && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
     && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
    ){
      /* This index is not useful for indexing, but it is a covering index.
      ** A full-scan of the index might be a little faster than a full-scan
      ** of the table, so give this case a cost slightly less than a table
      ** scan. */
      pc.rCost = aiRowEst[0]*3 + pProbe->nColumn;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COVER_SCAN|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
    }else if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
      /* The cost of a full table scan is a number of move operations equal
      ** to the number of rows in the table.
      **
      ** We add an additional 4x penalty to full table scans.  This causes
      ** the cost function to err on the side of choosing an index over
      ** choosing a full scan.  This 4x full-scan penalty is an arguable
      ** decision and one which we expect to revisit in the future.  But
      ** it seems to be working well enough at the moment.
      */
      pc.rCost = aiRowEst[0]*4;
      pc.plan.wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      if( pIdx ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags &= ~WHERE_ORDERED;
        pc.plan.nOBSat = nPriorSat;
      }
    }else{
      log10N = estLog(aiRowEst[0]);
      pc.rCost = pc.plan.nRow;
      if( pIdx ){
        if( bLookup ){
          /* For an index lookup followed by a table lookup:
          **    nInMul index searches to find the start of each index range
          **  + nRow steps through the index
          **  + nRow table searches to lookup the table entry using the rowid
          */
          pc.rCost += (nInMul + pc.plan.nRow)*log10N;
        }else{
          /* For a covering index:
          **     nInMul index searches to find the initial entry 
          **   + nRow steps through the index
          */
          pc.rCost += nInMul*log10N;
        }
      }else{
        /* For a rowid primary key lookup:
        **    nInMult table searches to find the initial entry for each range
        **  + nRow steps through the table
        */
        pc.rCost += nInMul*log10N;
      }
    }

    /* Add in the estimated cost of sorting the result.  Actual experimental
    ** measurements of sorting performance in SQLite show that sorting time
    ** adds C*N*log10(N) to the cost, where N is the number of rows to be 
    ** sorted and C is a factor between 1.95 and 4.3.  We will split the
    ** difference and select C of 3.0.
    */
    if( bSort ){
      double m = estLog(pc.plan.nRow*(nOrderBy - pc.plan.nOBSat)/nOrderBy);
      m *= (double)(pc.plan.nOBSat ? 2 : 3);
      pc.rCost += pc.plan.nRow*m;
    }
    if( bDist ){
      pc.rCost += pc.plan.nRow*estLog(pc.plan.nRow)*3;
    }

    /**** Cost of using this index has now been computed ****/

    /* If there are additional constraints on this table that cannot
    ** be used with the current index, but which might lower the number
    ** of output rows, adjust the nRow value accordingly.  This only 
    ** matters if the current index is the least costly, so do not bother
    ** with this step if we already know this index will not be chosen.
    ** Also, never reduce the output row count below 2 using this step.
    **
    ** It is critical that the notValid mask be used here instead of
    ** the notReady mask.  When computing an "optimal" index, the notReady
    ** mask will only have one bit set - the bit for the current table.
    ** The notValid mask, on the other hand, always has all bits set for
    ** tables that are not in outer loops.  If notReady is used here instead
    ** of notValid, then a optimal index that depends on inner joins loops
    ** might be selected even when there exists an optimal index that has
    ** no such dependency.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>2 && pc.rCost<=p->cost.rCost ){
      int k;                       /* Loop counter */
      int nSkipEq = pc.plan.nEq;   /* Number of == constraints to skip */
      int nSkipRange = nBound;     /* Number of < constraints to skip */
      Bitmask thisTab;             /* Bitmap for pSrc */

      thisTab = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; pc.plan.nRow>2 && k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ) continue;
        if( (pTerm->prereqAll & p->notValid)!=thisTab ) continue;
        if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ){
          if( nSkipEq ){
            /* Ignore the first pc.plan.nEq equality matches since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipEq--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional equality match reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 10 */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 10;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
          if( nSkipRange ){
            /* Ignore the first nSkipRange range constraints since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipRange--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional range constraint reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_NOOP)==0 ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "      nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%08x\n"
      "      notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f\n"
      "      used=0x%llx nOBSat=%d\n",
      pc.plan.nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, pc.plan.wsFlags,
      p->notReady, log10N, pc.plan.nRow, pc.rCost, pc.used,
      pc.plan.nOBSat
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the p->cost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || pc.plan.wsFlags) && compareCost(&pc, &p->cost) ){
      p->cost = pc;
      p->cost.plan.wsFlags &= wsFlagMask;
      p->cost.plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;

    /* Reset masks for the next index in the loop */
    wsFlagMask = ~(WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
    eqTermMask = idxEqTermMask;
  }

  /* If there is no ORDER BY clause and the SQLITE_ReverseOrder flag
  ** is set, then reverse the order that the index will be scanned
  ** in. This is used for application testing, to help find cases
  ** where application behavior depends on the (undefined) order that
  ** SQLite outputs rows in in the absence of an ORDER BY clause.  */
  if( !p->pOrderBy && pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
  }

  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("   best index is %s cost=%.1f\n",
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk",
         p->cost.rCost));
  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
** Find the query plan for accessing table pSrc->pTab. Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied 
** as the last parameter. This function may calculate the cost of
** both real and virtual table scans.
**
** This function does not take ORDER BY or DISTINCT into account.  Nor
** does it remember the virtual table query plan.  All it does is compute
** the cost while determining if an OR optimization is applicable.  The
** details will be reconsidered later if the optimization is found to be
** applicable.
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(p->pSrc->pTab) ){
    sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo = 0;
    p->ppIdxInfo = &pIdxInfo;
    bestVirtualIndex(p);
    assert( pIdxInfo!=0 || p->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( pIdxInfo && pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->pParse->db, pIdxInfo);
  }else
#endif
  {
    bestBtreeIndex(p);
  }
}

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
................................................................................
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-24597-58655 No tests are done for terms that are
** completely satisfied by indices.
**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
................................................................................
** this routine sets up a loop that will iterate over all values of X.
*/
static int codeEqualityTerm(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  WhereTerm *pTerm,   /* The term of the WHERE clause to be coded */
  WhereLevel *pLevel, /* The level of the FROM clause we are working on */
  int iEq,            /* Index of the equality term within this level */

  int iTarget         /* Attempt to leave results in this register */
){
  Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iReg;                  /* Register holding results */

  assert( iTarget>0 );
................................................................................
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    u8 bRev = (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0;

    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 

      && pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->aSortOrder[iEq]
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( iEq==pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->nColumn-1 );
      testcase( iEq>0 && iEq+1<pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->nColumn );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );

    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
                              sizeof(pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[0])*pLevel->u.in.nIn);
................................................................................
** no conversion should be attempted before using a t2.b value as part of
** a key to search the index. Hence the first byte in the returned affinity
** string in this example would be set to SQLITE_AFF_NONE.
*/
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* Which parts of FROM have not yet been coded */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  int nEq = pLevel->plan.nEq;   /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  int iCur = pLevel->iTabCur;   /* The cursor of the table */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */

  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
  pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;





  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLevel->plan.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( pIdx->nColumn>=nEq );
  for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, k, notReady, pLevel->plan.wsFlags, pIdx);
    if( pTerm==0 ) break;
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
      }
................................................................................
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
**
** The returned pointer points to memory obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to free the buffer when it is
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLevel *pLevel, Table *pTab){
  WherePlan *pPlan = &pLevel->plan;
  Index *pIndex = pPlan->u.pIdx;
  int nEq = pPlan->nEq;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  int *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pPlan->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){

    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName, "=");
  }

  j = i;
  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nColumn ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nColumn ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

................................................................................
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    u32 flags = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    sqlite3_int64 nRow;           /* Expected number of rows visited by scan */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */





    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return;

    isSearch = (pLevel->plan.nEq>0)
             || (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0

             || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", isSearch?"SEARCH":"SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s SUBQUERY %d", zMsg,pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s TABLE %s", zMsg, pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
      char *zWhere = explainIndexRange(db, pLevel, pItem->pTab);
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING %s%sINDEX%s%s%s", zMsg, 
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"AUTOMATIC ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)?"COVERING ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"":" "),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"": pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName),
          zWhere
      );
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }else if( flags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);

      if( flags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ ){

        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid=?)", zMsg);
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>? AND rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                  pVtabIdx->idxNum, pVtabIdx->idxStr);

    }
#endif
    if( wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX) ){
      testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN );
      nRow = 1;
    }else{
      nRow = (sqlite3_int64)pLevel->plan.nRow;
    }
    zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (~%lld rows)", zMsg, nRow);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

................................................................................
/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  u16 wctrlFlags,      /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */
){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */

  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Decomposition of the entire WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WHERE clause term */
  Parse *pParse;                  /* Parsing context */

  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */
  Bitmask newNotReady;      /* Return value */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = pWInfo->pWC;

  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];

  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  bRev = (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0;

  omitTable = (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin Join Loop %d", iLevel));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
................................................................................
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regYield);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of co-routine %s", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regYield+1, addrBrk);
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 0:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
    int nConstraint = pVtabIdx->nConstraint;
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *aUsage =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraintUsage;
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *aConstraint =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraint;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=1; j<=nConstraint; j++){
      for(k=0; k<nConstraint; k++){
        if( aUsage[k].argvIndex==j ){
          int iTarget = iReg+j+1;
          pTerm = &pWC->a[aConstraint[k].iTermOffset];


          if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
            codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, k, iTarget);
            addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
          }else{
            sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( k==nConstraint ) break;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pVtabIdx->idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j-1, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg, pVtabIdx->idxStr,

                      pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;

    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      if( aUsage[j].omit ){
        int iTerm = aConstraint[j].iTermOffset;

        disableTerm(pLevel, &pWC->a[iTerm]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ROWID_EQ ){


    /* Case 1:  We can directly reference a single row using an
    **          equality comparison against the ROWID field.  Or
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */

    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);

    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, 0, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ROWID_RANGE ){


    /* Case 2:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
    int start;
    int memEndValue = 0;
    WhereTerm *pStart, *pEnd;

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    pStart = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, 0);
    pEnd = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, 0);



    if( bRev ){
      pTerm = pStart;
      pStart = pEnd;
      pEnd = pTerm;
    }
    if( pStart ){
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
................................................................................
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLt,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGe
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */


      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( pStart->leftCursor==iCur );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rTemp);
      disableTerm(pLevel, pStart);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );

      assert( pEnd->leftCursor==iCur );
      testcase( pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
      disableTerm(pLevel, pEnd);
    }
    start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    pLevel->op = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = start;
    if( pStart==0 && pEnd==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
    if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
      iRowidReg = iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, testOp, memEndValue, addrBrk, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
  }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ) ){
    /* Case 3: A scan using an index.
    **
    **         The WHERE clause may contain zero or more equality 
    **         terms ("==" or "IN" operators) that refer to the N
    **         left-most columns of the index. It may also contain
    **         inequality constraints (>, <, >= or <=) on the indexed
    **         column that immediately follows the N equalities. Only 
    **         the right-most column can be an inequality - the rest must
................................................................................
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */
    };
    int nEq = pLevel->plan.nEq;  /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
................................................................................
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char *zEndAff;               /* Affinity for end of range constraint */

    pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    k = (nEq==pIdx->nColumn ? -1 : pIdx->aiColumn[nEq]);

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pLevel->plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)
     && (pIdx->nColumn>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = findTerm(pWC, iCur, k, notReady, (WO_LT|WO_LE), pIdx);
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
      pRangeStart = findTerm(pWC, iCur, k, notReady, (WO_GT|WO_GE), pIdx);

      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(
        pParse, pLevel, pWC, notReady, nExtraReg, &zStartAff
    );
    zEndAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, zStartAff);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nColumn && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nColumn==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE );
    testcase( pRangeStart && pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_GE );
    startEq = !pRangeStart || pRangeStart->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    endEq =   !pRangeEnd || pRangeEnd->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    start_constraints = pRangeStart || nEq>0;

    /* Seek the index cursor to the start of the range. */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeStart ){
................................................................................
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    }else if( isMinQuery ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
................................................................................
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zEndAff[nEq]) ){
          zEndAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nEq+1, zEndAff);
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zStartAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zEndAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    op = aEndOp[(pRangeEnd || nEq) * (1 + bRev)];
    testcase( op==OP_Noop );
................................................................................
    }

    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    testcase( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT );
    testcase( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT );
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, nEq, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COVER_SCAN ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
    /* Case 4:  Two or more separately indexed terms connected by OR
    **
    ** Example:
    **
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    **   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
    **   CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
    **   CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(c);
................................................................................
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

................................................................................
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
    ** This becomes the SrcList in the recursive call to sqlite3WhereBegin().
    */
    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ){
      int nNotReady;                 /* The number of notReady tables */
      struct SrcList_item *origSrc;     /* Original list of tables */
      nNotReady = pWInfo->nLevel - iLevel - 1;
      pOrTab = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(pParse->db,
                            sizeof(*pOrTab)+ nNotReady*sizeof(pOrTab->a[0]));
      if( pOrTab==0 ) return notReady;
      pOrTab->nAlloc = (i16)(nNotReady + 1);
      pOrTab->nSrc = pOrTab->nAlloc;
      memcpy(pOrTab->a, pTabItem, sizeof(*pTabItem));
      origSrc = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
      for(k=1; k<=nNotReady; k++){
        memcpy(&pOrTab->a[k], &origSrc[pLevel[k].iFrom], sizeof(pOrTab->a[k]));
      }
    }else{
................................................................................
    ** immediately following the OP_Return at the bottom of the loop. This
    ** is required in a few obscure LEFT JOIN cases where control jumps
    ** over the top of the loop into the body of it. In this case the 
    ** correct response for the end-of-loop code (the OP_Return) is to 
    ** fall through to the next instruction, just as an OP_Next does if
    ** called on an uninitialized cursor.
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);

    /* If the original WHERE clause is z of the form:  (x1 OR x2 OR ...) AND y
................................................................................
    ** is not contained in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN.
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;

        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        if( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_ORINFO) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
................................................................................
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE | WHERE_AND_ONLY |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLevel *pLvl;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);
          }
................................................................................
          ** If the call to sqlite3WhereBegin() above resulted in a scan that
          ** uses an index, and this is either the first OR-connected term
          ** processed or the index is the same as that used by all previous
          ** terms, set pCov to the candidate covering index. Otherwise, set 
          ** pCov to NULL to indicate that no candidate covering index will 
          ** be available.
          */
          pLvl = &pSubWInfo->a[0];
          if( (pLvl->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (pLvl->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0
           && (ii==0 || pLvl->plan.u.pIdx==pCov)
          ){
            assert( pLvl->iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pLvl->plan.u.pIdx;
          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(pParse->db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

  {
    /* Case 5:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }
  newNotReady = notReady & ~getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  **
  ** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-49525-50935 Terms that cannot be satisfied through
  ** the use of indices become tests that are evaluated against each row of
  ** the relevant input tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* IMP: R-30575-11662 */
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
................................................................................
  **
  ** Example: If the WHERE clause contains "t1.a=t2.b" and "t2.b=123"
  ** and we are coding the t1 loop and the t2 loop has not yet coded,
  ** then we cannot use the "t1.a=t2.b" constraint, but we can code
  ** the implied "t1.a=123" constraint.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    Expr sEq;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->eOperator!=(WO_EQUIV|WO_EQ) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;

    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & newNotReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;


    VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));


    sEq = *pAlt->pExpr;
    sEq.pLeft = pE->pLeft;
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &sEq, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);


  }

  /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
  ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );  /* IMP: R-30575-11662 */
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & newNotReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
................................................................................
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);

  return newNotReady;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
/*
** The following variable holds a text description of query plan generated
** by the most recent call to sqlite3WhereBegin().  Each call to WhereBegin
** overwrites the previous.  This information is used for testing and
** analysis only.






































*/
SQLITE_API char sqlite3_query_plan[BMS*2*40];  /* Text of the join */
static int nQPlan = 0;              /* Next free slow in _query_plan[] */














































#endif /* SQLITE_TEST */


/*
























** Free a WhereInfo structure
*/
static void whereInfoFree(sqlite3 *db, WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  if( ALWAYS(pWInfo) ){



























































































































































































































































































































































































    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++){





























































































































































































      sqlite3_index_info *pInfo = pWInfo->a[i].pIdxInfo;
      if( pInfo ){










































































        /* assert( pInfo->needToFreeIdxStr==0 || db->mallocFailed ); */























































        if( pInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){









          sqlite3_free(pInfo->idxStr);

        }





        sqlite3DbFree(db, pInfo);

      }







































































































































































































































































      if( pWInfo->a[i].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX ){
        Index *pIdx = pWInfo->a[i].plan.u.pIdx;








































        if( pIdx ){
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->zColAff);



























































































































































































































































































































          sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx);

        }
      }






    }
    whereClauseClear(pWInfo->pWC);






























    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);

  }
}

















































































/*
** Generate the beginning of the loop used for WHERE clause processing.
** The return value is a pointer to an opaque structure that contains
** information needed to terminate the loop.  Later, the calling routine
** should invoke sqlite3WhereEnd() with the return value of this function
** in order to complete the WHERE clause processing.
................................................................................
**        move the row2 cursor to a null row
**        goto start
**      fi
**    end
**
** ORDER BY CLAUSE PROCESSING
**
** pOrderBy is a pointer to the ORDER BY clause of a SELECT statement,

** if there is one.  If there is no ORDER BY clause or if this routine
** is called from an UPDATE or DELETE statement, then pOrderBy is NULL.
**
** If an index can be used so that the natural output order of the table
** scan is correct for the ORDER BY clause, then that index is used and
** the returned WhereInfo.nOBSat field is set to pOrderBy->nExpr.  This
** is an optimization that prevents an unnecessary sort of the result set
** if an index appropriate for the ORDER BY clause already exists.
**
** If the where clause loops cannot be arranged to provide the correct
** output order, then WhereInfo.nOBSat is 0.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* A list of all tables to be scanned */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* An ORDER BY clause, or NULL */
  ExprList *pDistinct,  /* The select-list for DISTINCT queries - or NULL */
  u16 wctrlFlags,       /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  int iIdxCur           /* If WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY is set, index cursor number */
){
  int nByteWInfo;            /* Num. bytes allocated for WhereInfo struct */
  int nTabList;              /* Number of elements in pTabList */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;         /* Will become the return value of this function */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;   /* The virtual database engine */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* Cursors that are not yet positioned */
  WhereBestIdx sWBI;         /* Best index search context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;    /* The expression mask set */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;        /* A single level in pWInfo->a[] */
  int iFrom;                 /* First unused FROM clause element */
  int andFlags;              /* AND-ed combination of all pWC->a[].wtFlags */
  int ii;                    /* Loop counter */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection */



  /* Variable initialization */
  memset(&sWBI, 0, sizeof(sWBI));
  sWBI.pParse = pParse;









  /* The number of tables in the FROM clause is limited by the number of
  ** bits in a Bitmask 
  */
  testcase( pTabList->nSrc==BMS );
  if( pTabList->nSrc>BMS ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "at most %d tables in a join", BMS);
................................................................................
  /* Allocate and initialize the WhereInfo structure that will become the
  ** return value. A single allocation is used to store the WhereInfo
  ** struct, the contents of WhereInfo.a[], the WhereClause structure
  ** and the WhereMaskSet structure. Since WhereClause contains an 8-byte
  ** field (type Bitmask) it must be aligned on an 8-byte boundary on
  ** some architectures. Hence the ROUND8() below.
  */
  db = pParse->db;
  nByteWInfo = ROUND8(sizeof(WhereInfo)+(nTabList-1)*sizeof(WhereLevel));
  pWInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      nByteWInfo + 
      sizeof(WhereClause) +
      sizeof(WhereMaskSet)
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
    pWInfo = 0;
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
  pWInfo->nLevel = nTabList;
  pWInfo->pParse = pParse;
  pWInfo->pTabList = pTabList;


  pWInfo->iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  pWInfo->pWC = sWBI.pWC = (WhereClause *)&((u8 *)pWInfo)[nByteWInfo];
  pWInfo->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
  pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
  pMaskSet = (WhereMaskSet*)&sWBI.pWC[1];

  sWBI.aLevel = pWInfo->a;

  /* Disable the DISTINCT optimization if SQLITE_DistinctOpt is set via
  ** sqlite3_test_ctrl(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) */
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_DistinctOpt) ) pDistinct = 0;





  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(sWBI.pWC, pParse, pMaskSet, wctrlFlags);
  sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(pParse, pWhere);
  whereSplit(sWBI.pWC, pWhere, TK_AND);   /* IMP: R-15842-53296 */

    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && (nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pWhere)) ){
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, pWInfo->iBreak, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    pWhere = 0;
  }










  /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
  **
  ** When assigning bitmask values to FROM clause cursors, it must be
  ** the case that if X is the bitmask for the N-th FROM clause term then
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions.  Note that exprAnalyze() might
  ** add new virtual terms onto the end of the WHERE clause.  We do not
  ** want to analyze these virtual terms, so start analyzing at the end
  ** and work forward so that the added virtual terms are never processed.
  */
  exprAnalyzeAll(pTabList, sWBI.pWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }

  /* Check if the DISTINCT qualifier, if there is one, is redundant. 
  ** If it is, then set pDistinct to NULL and WhereInfo.eDistinct to
  ** WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE to tell the caller to ignore the DISTINCT.
  */
  if( pDistinct && isDistinctRedundant(pParse, pTabList, sWBI.pWC, pDistinct) ){
    pDistinct = 0;
    pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
  }

  /* Chose the best index to use for each table in the FROM clause.
  **
  ** This loop fills in the following fields:
  **
  **   pWInfo->a[].pIdx      The index to use for this level of the loop.
  **   pWInfo->a[].wsFlags   WHERE_xxx flags associated with pIdx
  **   pWInfo->a[].nEq       The number of == and IN constraints
  **   pWInfo->a[].iFrom     Which term of the FROM clause is being coded
  **   pWInfo->a[].iTabCur   The VDBE cursor for the database table
  **   pWInfo->a[].iIdxCur   The VDBE cursor for the index
  **   pWInfo->a[].pTerm     When wsFlags==WO_OR, the OR-clause term
  **
  ** This loop also figures out the nesting order of tables in the FROM
  ** clause.
  */
  sWBI.notValid = ~(Bitmask)0;

  sWBI.pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  sWBI.n = nTabList;
  sWBI.pDistinct = pDistinct;
  andFlags = ~0;
  WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));
  for(sWBI.i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; sWBI.i<nTabList; sWBI.i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */
    int ckOptimal;              /* Do the optimal scan check */
    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */




    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;
    WHERETRACE(("*** Begin search for loop %d ***\n", sWBI.i));

    /* Loop through the remaining entries in the FROM clause to find the
    ** next nested loop. The loop tests all FROM clause entries
    ** either once or twice. 
    **
    ** The first test is always performed if there are two or more entries
    ** remaining and never performed if there is only one FROM clause entry
    ** to choose from.  The first test looks for an "optimal" scan.  In
    ** this context an optimal scan is one that uses the same strategy
    ** for the given FROM clause entry as would be selected if the entry
    ** were used as the innermost nested loop.  In other words, a table
    ** is chosen such that the cost of running that table cannot be reduced
    ** by waiting for other tables to run first.  This "optimal" test works
    ** by first assuming that the FROM clause is on the inner loop and finding
    ** its query plan, then checking to see if that query plan uses any
    ** other FROM clause terms that are sWBI.notValid.  If no notValid terms
    ** are used then the "optimal" query plan works.
    **
    ** Note that the WhereCost.nRow parameter for an optimal scan might
    ** not be as small as it would be if the table really were the innermost
    ** join.  The nRow value can be reduced by WHERE clause constraints
    ** that do not use indices.  But this nRow reduction only happens if the
    ** table really is the innermost join.  
    **
    ** The second loop iteration is only performed if no optimal scan
    ** strategies were found by the first iteration. This second iteration
    ** is used to search for the lowest cost scan overall.
    **
    ** Without the optimal scan step (the first iteration) a suboptimal
    ** plan might be chosen for queries like this:
    **   
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b); 
    **   CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
    **   SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t2.rowid = t1.a;
    **
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
    ** Since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;

    /* The optimal scan check only occurs if there are two or more tables
    ** available to be reordered */
    if( iFrom==nTabList-1 ){
      ckOptimal = 0;  /* Common case of just one table in the FROM clause */
    }else{
      ckOptimal = -1;
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ) break;
        if( ++ckOptimal ) break;
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;








      }
    }
    assert( ckOptimal==0 || ckOptimal==1 );

    for(isOptimal=ckOptimal; isOptimal>=0 && bestJ<0; isOptimal--){
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
          /* This break and one like it in the ckOptimal computation loop
          ** above prevent table reordering across LEFT and CROSS JOINs.
          ** The LEFT JOIN case is necessary for correctness.  The prohibition
          ** against reordering across a CROSS JOIN is an SQLite feature that
          ** allows the developer to control table reordering */
          break;





        }
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          assert( j>iFrom );
          continue;










        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("   === trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(sWBI.pSrc->pTab) ){
          sWBI.ppIdxInfo = &pWInfo->a[j].pIdxInfo;
          bestVirtualIndex(&sWBI);
        }else 
#endif
        {
          bestBtreeIndex(&sWBI);





        }
        assert( isOptimal || (sWBI.cost.used&sWBI.notValid)==0 );

        /* If an INDEXED BY clause is present, then the plan must use that
        ** index if it uses any index at all */
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 
                  || (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0
                  || sWBI.cost.plan.u.pIdx==sWBI.pSrc->pIndex );



        if( isOptimal && (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;


        }
        if( isOptimal ){
          pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost = sWBI.cost.rCost;
        }else if( ckOptimal ){
          /* If two or more tables have nearly the same outer loop cost, but
          ** very different inner loop (optimal) cost, we want to choose
          ** for the outer loop that table which benefits the least from
          ** being in the inner loop.  The following code scales the 
          ** outer loop cost estimate to accomplish that. */
          WHERETRACE(("   scaling cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                      sWBI.cost.rCost,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost/pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost));
          sWBI.cost.rCost /= pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost;






        }





        /* Conditions under which this table becomes the best so far:
        **
        **   (1) The table must not depend on other tables that have not
        **       yet run.  (In other words, it must not depend on tables
        **       in inner loops.)
        **
        **   (2) (This rule was removed on 2012-11-09.  The scaling of the
        **       cost using the optimal scan cost made this rule obsolete.)
        **
        **   (3) All tables have an INDEXED BY clause or this table lacks an
        **       INDEXED BY clause or this table uses the specific
        **       index specified by its INDEXED BY clause.  This rule ensures
        **       that a best-so-far is always selected even if an impossible
        **       combination of INDEXED BY clauses are given.  The error
        **       will be detected and relayed back to the application later.
        **       The NEVER() comes about because rule (2) above prevents
        **       An indexable full-table-scan from reaching rule (3).
        **
        **   (4) The plan cost must be lower than prior plans, where "cost"
        **       is defined by the compareCost() function above. 
        */
        if( (sWBI.cost.used&sWBI.notValid)==0                    /* (1) */
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0        /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || compareCost(&sWBI.cost, &bestPlan))   /* (4) */
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("   === table %d (%s) is best so far\n"
                      "       cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;



        }




        /* In a join like "w JOIN x LEFT JOIN y JOIN z"  make sure that
        ** table y (and not table z) is always the next inner loop inside
        ** of table x. */
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;
      }



    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    assert( bestJ==iFrom || (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_CROSS)!=0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && bestJ<nTabList-1
                          && (pTabList->a[bestJ+1].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){












      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) 
       && (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 
      ){
        pLevel->iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
      }else{
        pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;

      }
    }else{
      pLevel->iIdxCur = -1;







    }
    sWBI.notValid &= ~getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor);
    pLevel->iFrom = (u8)bestJ;
    if( bestPlan.plan.nRow>=(double)1 ){
      pParse->nQueryLoop *= bestPlan.plan.nRow;
    }

    /* Check that if the table scanned by this loop iteration had an
    ** INDEXED BY clause attached to it, that the named index is being
    ** used for the scan. If not, then query compilation has failed.
    ** Return an error.
    */



    pIdx = pTabList->a[bestJ].pIndex;
    if( pIdx ){
      if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot use index: %s", pIdx->zName);
        goto whereBeginError;
      }else{
        /* If an INDEXED BY clause is used, the bestIndex() function is
        ** guaranteed to find the index specified in the INDEXED BY clause
        ** if it find an index at all. */
        assert( bestPlan.plan.u.pIdx==pIdx );
      }
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;

  }
  if( nTabList ){
    pLevel--;
    pWInfo->nOBSat = pLevel->plan.nOBSat;
  }else{
    pWInfo->nOBSat = 0;
  }

  /* If the total query only selects a single row, then the ORDER BY
  ** clause is irrelevant.
  */
  if( (andFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 && pOrderBy ){
    assert( nTabList==0 || (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 );
    pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  }

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 && (andFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 ){

    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].plan.wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  pWInfo->nRowOut = (double)1;
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pWInfo->nRowOut *= pLevel->plan.nRow;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);

    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      int iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VOpen, iCur, 0, 0, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* noop */
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0 ){
      int op = pWInfo->okOnePass ? OP_OpenWrite : OP_OpenRead;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol<BMS ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, sWBI.pWC, pTabItem, notReady, pLevel);
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
      Index *pIx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
      KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIx);

      int iIndexCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
      assert( pIx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      assert( iIndexCur>=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIndexCur, pIx->tnum, iDb,
                        (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));
    }
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    notReady &= ~getMask(sWBI.pWC->pMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0; ii<nTabList; ii++){
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[ii];
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself
  ** is not used, its name is just '{}'.  If no index is used
  ** the index is listed as "{}".  If the primary key is used the
  ** index name is '*'.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<nTabList; ii++){
    char *z;
    int n;
    int w;
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[ii];
    w = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    z = pTabItem->zAlias;
    if( z==0 ) z = pTabItem->pTab->zName;
    n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    if( n+nQPlan < sizeof(sqlite3_query_plan)-10 ){
      if( (w & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 && (w & WHERE_COVER_SCAN)==0 ){
        memcpy(&sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan], "{}", 2);
        nQPlan += 2;
      }else{
        memcpy(&sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan], z, n);
        nQPlan += n;
      }
      sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan++] = ' ';
    }
    testcase( w & WHERE_ROWID_EQ );
    testcase( w & WHERE_ROWID_RANGE );
    if( w & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
      memcpy(&sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan], "* ", 2);
      nQPlan += 2;
    }else if( (w & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 && (w & WHERE_COVER_SCAN)==0 ){
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName);
      if( n+nQPlan < sizeof(sqlite3_query_plan)-2 ){
        memcpy(&sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan], pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName, n);
        nQPlan += n;
        sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan++] = ' ';
      }
    }else{
      memcpy(&sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan], "{} ", 3);
      nQPlan += 3;
    }
  }
  while( nQPlan>0 && sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan-1]==' ' ){
    sqlite3_query_plan[--nQPlan] = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_query_plan[nQPlan] = 0;
  nQPlan = 0;
#endif /* SQLITE_TEST // Testing and debugging use only */

  /* Record the continuation address in the WhereInfo structure.  Then
  ** clean up and return.
  */
  return pWInfo;

  /* Jump here if malloc fails */
whereBeginError:
  if( pWInfo ){
    pParse->nQueryLoop = pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop;
    whereInfoFree(db, pWInfo);
................................................................................
** sqlite3WhereBegin() for additional information.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  WhereLevel *pLevel;

  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Generate loop termination code.
  */
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=pWInfo->nLevel-1; i>=0; i--){
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrCont);
    if( pLevel->op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pLevel->op, pLevel->p1, pLevel->p2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pLevel->p5);
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
      assert( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
           || (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 );
      if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pTabList->a[i].iCursor);
      }
      if( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pLevel->iIdxCur);
      }
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
................................................................................
  /* The "break" point is here, just past the end of the outer loop.
  ** Set it.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pWInfo->iBreak);

  /* Close all of the cursors that were opened by sqlite3WhereBegin.
  */
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==1 || pWInfo->nLevel==pTabList->nSrc );
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++, pLevel++){
    Index *pIdx = 0;
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );

    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }
      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 && (ws & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);
      }
    }

    /* If this scan uses an index, make code substitutions to read data
    ** from the index in preference to the table. Sometimes, this means
    ** the table need never be read from. This is a performance boost,
    ** as the vdbe level waits until the table is read before actually
    ** seeking the table cursor to the record corresponding to the current
    ** position in the index.
    ** 
    ** Calls to the code generator in between sqlite3WhereBegin and
    ** sqlite3WhereEnd will have created code that references the table
    ** directly.  This loop scans all that code looking for opcodes
    ** that reference the table and converts them into opcodes that
    ** reference the index.
    */
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
      pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
    }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
      pIdx = pLevel->u.pCovidx;
    }
    if( pIdx && !db->mallocFailed){
      int k, j, last;
      VdbeOp *pOp;

      pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pWInfo->iTop);
      last = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      for(k=pWInfo->iTop; k<last; k++, pOp++){
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
................................................................................
          for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
            if( pOp->p2==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ){
              pOp->p2 = j;
              pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
              break;
            }
          }
          assert( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
               || j<pIdx->nColumn );
        }else if( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid ){
          pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          pOp->opcode = OP_IdxRowid;
        }
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
#ifndef YYSTACKDEPTH
#define YYSTACKDEPTH 100
#endif
#define sqlite3ParserARG_SDECL Parse *pParse;
#define sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL ,Parse *pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH Parse *pParse = yypParser->pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_STORE yypParser->pParse = pParse
#define YYNSTATE 627
#define YYNRULE 327
#define YYFALLBACK 1
#define YY_NO_ACTION      (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+2)
#define YY_ACCEPT_ACTION  (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+1)
#define YY_ERROR_ACTION   (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE)

/* The yyzerominor constant is used to initialize instances of
................................................................................
**                     shifting terminals.
**  yy_reduce_ofst[]   For each state, the offset into yy_action for
**                     shifting non-terminals after a reduce.
**  yy_default[]       Default action for each state.
*/
#define YY_ACTTAB_COUNT (1564)
static const YYACTIONTYPE yy_action[] = {
 /*     0 */   309,  955,  184,  417,    2,  171,  624,  594,   56,   56,
 /*    10 */    56,   56,   49,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,
 /*    20 */    52,   52,   51,  233,  620,  619,  298,  620,  619,  234,
 /*    30 */   587,  581,   56,   56,   56,   56,   19,   54,   54,   54,
 /*    40 */    54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  605,   57,
 /*    50 */    58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,
 /*    60 */    56,   56,  541,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,
 /*    70 */    52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  594,  325,  196,  195,  194,
 /*    80 */    33,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,
 /*    90 */    51,  233,  617,  616,  165,  617,  616,  380,  377,  376,
 /*   100 */   407,  532,  576,  576,  587,  581,  303,  422,  375,   59,
 /*   110 */    53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,   50,   47,  146,
 /*   120 */   574,  545,   65,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,
 /*   130 */    55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  213,   54,   54,   54,
 /*   140 */    54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  223,
 /*   150 */   539,  420,  170,  176,  138,  280,  383,  275,  382,  168,
 /*   160 */   489,  551,  409,  668,  620,  619,  271,  438,  409,  438,
 /*   170 */   550,  604,   67,  482,  507,  618,  599,  412,  587,  581,
 /*   180 */   600,  483,  618,  412,  618,  598,   91,  439,  440,  439,
 /*   190 */   335,  598,   73,  669,  222,  266,  480,   57,   58,   48,
 /*   200 */   579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,
 /*   210 */   670,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,
 /*   220 */    51,  233,  309,  279,  232,  231,    1,  132,  200,  385,
 /*   230 */   620,  619,  617,  616,  278,  435,  289,  563,  175,  262,
 /*   240 */   409,  264,  437,  497,  436,  166,  441,  568,  336,  568,
 /*   250 */   201,  537,  587,  581,  599,  412,  165,  594,  600,  380,
 /*   260 */   377,  376,  597,  598,   92,  523,  618,  569,  569,  592,
 /*   270 */   375,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,
 /*   280 */    56,   56,   56,   56,  597,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,
 /*   290 */    53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  463,  617,  616,
 /*   300 */   590,  590,  590,  174,  272,  396,  409,  272,  409,  548,
 /*   310 */   397,  620,  619,   68,  326,  620,  619,  620,  619,  618,
 /*   320 */   546,  412,  618,  412,  471,  594,  587,  581,  472,  598,
 /*   330 */    92,  598,   92,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  513,  512,
 /*   340 */   206,  322,  363,  464,  221,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,
 /*   350 */   580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  529,   54,
 /*   360 */    54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,
 /*   370 */   309,  396,  409,  396,  597,  372,  386,  530,  347,  617,
 /*   380 */   616,  575,  202,  617,  616,  617,  616,  412,  620,  619,
 /*   390 */   145,  255,  346,  254,  577,  598,   74,  351,   45,  489,
 /*   400 */   587,  581,  235,  189,  464,  544,  167,  296,  187,  469,
 /*   410 */   479,   67,   62,   39,  618,  546,  597,  345,  573,   57,
 /*   420 */    58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,
 /*   430 */    56,   56,    6,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,
 /*   440 */    52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  562,  558,  407,  528,  576,
 /*   450 */   576,  344,  255,  346,  254,  182,  617,  616,  503,  504,
 /*   460 */   314,  409,  557,  235,  166,  271,  409,  352,  564,  181,
 /*   470 */   407,  546,  576,  576,  587,  581,  412,  537,  556,  561,
 /*   480 */   517,  412,  618,  249,  598,   16,    7,   36,  467,  598,
 /*   490 */    92,  516,  618,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,
 /*   500 */    55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  541,   54,   54,   54,
 /*   510 */    54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  327,
 /*   520 */   572,  571,  525,  558,  560,  394,  871,  246,  409,  248,
 /*   530 */   171,  392,  594,  219,  407,  409,  576,  576,  502,  557,
 /*   540 */   364,  145,  510,  412,  407,  229,  576,  576,  587,  581,
 /*   550 */   412,  598,   92,  381,  269,  556,  166,  400,  598,   69,
 /*   560 */   501,  419,  945,  199,  945,  198,  546,   57,   58,   48,
 /*   570 */   579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,
 /*   580 */   568,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,
 /*   590 */    51,  233,  309,  317,  419,  944,  508,  944,  308,  597,
 /*   600 */   594,  565,  490,  212,  173,  247,  423,  615,  614,  613,
 /*   610 */   323,  197,  143,  405,  572,  571,  489,   66,   50,   47,
 /*   620 */   146,  594,  587,  581,  232,  231,  559,  427,   67,  555,
 /*   630 */    15,  618,  186,  543,  303,  421,   35,  206,  432,  423,
 /*   640 */   552,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,
 /*   650 */    56,   56,   56,   56,  205,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,
 /*   660 */    53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  569,  569,  260,
 /*   670 */   268,  597,   12,  373,  568,  166,  409,  313,  409,  420,
 /*   680 */   409,  473,  473,  365,  618,   50,   47,  146,  597,  594,
 /*   690 */   468,  412,  166,  412,  351,  412,  587,  581,   32,  598,
 /*   700 */    94,  598,   97,  598,   95,  627,  625,  329,  142,   50,
 /*   710 */    47,  146,  333,  349,  358,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,
 /*   720 */   580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  409,   54,
 /*   730 */    54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,
 /*   740 */   309,  409,  388,  412,  409,   22,  565,  404,  212,  362,
 /*   750 */   389,  598,  104,  359,  409,  156,  412,  409,  603,  412,
 /*   760 */   537,  331,  569,  569,  598,  103,  493,  598,  105,  412,
 /*   770 */   587,  581,  412,  260,  549,  618,   11,  598,  106,  521,
 /*   780 */   598,  133,  169,  457,  456,  170,   35,  601,  618,   57,
 /*   790 */    58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,
 /*   800 */    56,   56,  409,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,
 /*   810 */    52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  409,  259,  412,  409,   50,
 /*   820 */    47,  146,  357,  318,  355,  598,  134,  527,  352,  337,
 /*   830 */   412,  409,  356,  412,  357,  409,  357,  618,  598,   98,
 /*   840 */   129,  598,  102,  618,  587,  581,  412,   21,  235,  618,
 /*   850 */   412,  618,  211,  143,  598,  101,   30,  167,  598,   93,
 /*   860 */   350,  535,  203,   57,   58,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,
 /*   870 */    55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  409,   54,   54,   54,
 /*   880 */    54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  409,
 /*   890 */   526,  412,  409,  425,  215,  305,  597,  551,  141,  598,
 /*   900 */   100,   40,  409,   38,  412,  409,  550,  412,  409,  228,
 /*   910 */   220,  314,  598,   77,  500,  598,   96,  412,  587,  581,
 /*   920 */   412,  338,  253,  412,  218,  598,  137,  379,  598,  136,
 /*   930 */    28,  598,  135,  270,  715,  210,  481,   57,   58,   48,
 /*   940 */   579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,
 /*   950 */   409,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,
 /*   960 */    51,  233,  309,  409,  272,  412,  409,  315,  147,  597,
 /*   970 */   272,  626,    2,  598,   76,  209,  409,  127,  412,  618,
 /*   980 */   126,  412,  409,  621,  235,  618,  598,   90,  374,  598,
 /*   990 */    89,  412,  587,  581,   27,  260,  350,  412,  618,  598,
 /*  1000 */    75,  321,  541,  541,  125,  598,   88,  320,  278,  597,
 /*  1010 */   618,   57,   46,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,
 /*  1020 */    56,   56,   56,   56,  409,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,
 /*  1030 */    53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,  309,  409,  450,  412,
 /*  1040 */   164,  284,  282,  272,  609,  424,  304,  598,   87,  370,
 /*  1050 */   409,  477,  412,  409,  608,  409,  607,  602,  618,  618,
 /*  1060 */   598,   99,  586,  585,  122,  412,  587,  581,  412,  618,
 /*  1070 */   412,  618,  618,  598,   86,  366,  598,   17,  598,   85,
 /*  1080 */   319,  185,  519,  518,  583,  582,   58,   48,  579,  578,
 /*  1090 */   580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,   56,   56,  409,   54,
 /*  1100 */    54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,   52,   52,   51,  233,
 /*  1110 */   309,  584,  409,  412,  409,  260,  260,  260,  408,  591,
 /*  1120 */   474,  598,   84,  170,  409,  466,  518,  412,  121,  412,
 /*  1130 */   618,  618,  618,  618,  618,  598,   83,  598,   72,  412,
 /*  1140 */   587,  581,   51,  233,  625,  329,  470,  598,   71,  257,
 /*  1150 */   159,  120,   14,  462,  157,  158,  117,  260,  448,  447,
 /*  1160 */   446,   48,  579,  578,  580,  580,   55,   55,   56,   56,
 /*  1170 */    56,   56,  618,   54,   54,   54,   54,   53,   53,   52,
 /*  1180 */    52,   52,   51,  233,   44,  403,  260,    3,  409,  459,
 /*  1190 */   260,  413,  619,  118,  398,   10,   25,   24,  554,  348,
 /*  1200 */   217,  618,  406,  412,  409,  618,    4,   44,  403,  618,
 /*  1210 */     3,  598,   82,  618,  413,  619,  455,  542,  115,  412,
 /*  1220 */   538,  401,  536,  274,  506,  406,  251,  598,   81,  216,
 /*  1230 */   273,  563,  618,  243,  453,  618,  154,  618,  618,  618,
 /*  1240 */   449,  416,  623,  110,  401,  618,  409,  236,   64,  123,
 /*  1250 */   487,   41,   42,  531,  563,  204,  409,  267,   43,  411,
 /*  1260 */   410,  412,  265,  592,  108,  618,  107,  434,  332,  598,
 /*  1270 */    80,  412,  618,  263,   41,   42,  443,  618,  409,  598,
 /*  1280 */    70,   43,  411,  410,  433,  261,  592,  149,  618,  597,
 /*  1290 */   256,  237,  188,  412,  590,  590,  590,  589,  588,   13,
 /*  1300 */   618,  598,   18,  328,  235,  618,   44,  403,  360,    3,
 /*  1310 */   418,  461,  339,  413,  619,  227,  124,  590,  590,  590,
 /*  1320 */   589,  588,   13,  618,  406,  409,  618,  409,  139,   34,
 /*  1330 */   403,  387,    3,  148,  622,  312,  413,  619,  311,  330,
 /*  1340 */   412,  460,  412,  401,  180,  353,  412,  406,  598,   79,
 /*  1350 */   598,   78,  250,  563,  598,    9,  618,  612,  611,  610,
 /*  1360 */   618,    8,  452,  442,  242,  415,  401,  618,  239,  235,
 /*  1370 */   179,  238,  428,   41,   42,  288,  563,  618,  618,  618,
 /*  1380 */    43,  411,  410,  618,  144,  592,  618,  618,  177,   61,
 /*  1390 */   618,  596,  391,  620,  619,  287,   41,   42,  414,  618,
 /*  1400 */   293,   30,  393,   43,  411,  410,  292,  618,  592,   31,
 /*  1410 */   618,  395,  291,   60,  230,   37,  590,  590,  590,  589,
 /*  1420 */   588,   13,  214,  553,  183,  290,  172,  301,  300,  299,
 /*  1430 */   178,  297,  595,  563,  451,   29,  285,  390,  540,  590,
 /*  1440 */   590,  590,  589,  588,   13,  283,  520,  534,  150,  533,
 /*  1450 */   241,  281,  384,  192,  191,  324,  515,  514,  276,  240,
 /*  1460 */   510,  523,  307,  511,  128,  592,  509,  225,  226,  486,
 /*  1470 */   485,  224,  152,  491,  464,  306,  484,  163,  153,  371,
 /*  1480 */   478,  151,  162,  258,  369,  161,  367,  208,  475,  476,
 /*  1490 */    26,  160,  465,  140,  361,  131,  590,  590,  590,  116,
 /*  1500 */   119,  454,  343,  155,  114,  342,  113,  112,  445,  111,
 /*  1510 */   130,  109,  431,  316,  426,  430,   23,  429,   20,  606,
 /*  1520 */   190,  507,  255,  341,  244,   63,  294,  593,  310,  570,
 /*  1530 */   277,  402,  354,  235,  567,  496,  495,  492,  494,  302,
 /*  1540 */   458,  378,  286,  245,  566,    5,  252,  547,  193,  444,
 /*  1550 */   233,  340,  207,  524,  368,  505,  334,  522,  499,  399,
 /*  1560 */   295,  498,  956,  488,
};
static const YYCODETYPE yy_lookahead[] = {
 /*     0 */    19,  142,  143,  144,  145,   24,    1,   26,   77,   78,
 /*    10 */    79,   80,   81,   82,   83,   84,   85,   86,   87,   88,
 /*    20 */    89,   90,   91,   92,   26,   27,   15,   26,   27,  197,
 /*    30 */    49,   50,   77,   78,   79,   80,  204,   82,   83,   84,
 /*    40 */    85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   23,   68,
................................................................................
 /*  1420 */   133,  134,    5,  157,  157,  202,  118,   10,   11,   12,
 /*  1430 */    13,   14,  203,   66,   17,  104,  210,  121,  211,  129,
 /*  1440 */   130,  131,  132,  133,  134,  210,  175,  211,   31,  211,
 /*  1450 */    33,  210,  104,   86,   87,   47,  175,  183,  175,   42,
 /*  1460 */   103,   94,  178,  177,   22,   98,  175,   92,  228,  175,
 /*  1470 */   175,  228,   55,  183,   57,  178,  175,  156,   61,   18,
 /*  1480 */   157,   64,  156,  235,  157,  156,   45,  157,  236,  157,
 /*  1490 */   135,  156,  189,   68,  157,  218,  129,  130,  131,   22,
 /*  1500 */   189,  199,  157,  156,  192,   18,  192,  192,  199,  192,
 /*  1510 */   218,  189,   40,  157,   38,  157,  240,  157,  240,  153,
 /*  1520 */   196,  181,  105,  106,  107,  243,  198,  166,  111,  230,
 /*  1530 */   176,  226,  239,  116,  230,  176,  166,  166,  176,  148,
 /*  1540 */   199,  177,  209,  209,  166,  196,  239,  208,  185,  199,
 /*  1550 */    92,  209,  233,  173,  234,  182,  139,  173,  182,  191,
 /*  1560 */   195,  182,  250,  186,
};
#define YY_SHIFT_USE_DFLT (-70)
#define YY_SHIFT_COUNT (416)
#define YY_SHIFT_MIN   (-69)
#define YY_SHIFT_MAX   (1487)
static const short yy_shift_ofst[] = {
 /*     0 */  1143, 1188, 1417, 1188, 1287, 1287,  138,  138,   -2,  -19,
 /*    10 */  1287, 1287, 1287, 1287,  347,  362,  129,  129,  795, 1165,
 /*    20 */  1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287,
 /*    30 */  1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287, 1287,
................................................................................
 /*    60 */  1287, 1287,  286,  362,  362,  538,  538,  231, 1253,   55,
 /*    70 */   721,  647,  573,  499,  425,  351,  277,  203,  869,  869,
 /*    80 */   869,  869,  869,  869,  869,  869,  869,  869,  869,  869,
 /*    90 */   869,  869,  869,  943,  869, 1017, 1091, 1091,  -69,  -45,
 /*   100 */   -45,  -45,  -45,  -45,   -1,   24,  245,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   110 */   362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   120 */   362,  362,  362,  388,  356,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   130 */   732,  868,  231, 1051, 1458,  -70,  -70,  -70, 1367,   57,
 /*   140 */   434,  434,  289,  291,  285,    1,  204,  572,  539,  362,
 /*   150 */   362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   160 */   362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   170 */   362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,  362,
 /*   180 */   362,  506,  506,  506,  705, 1253, 1253, 1253,  -70,  -70,
 /*   190 */   -70,  171,  171,  160,  502,  502,  502,  446,  432,  511,
 /*   200 */   422,  358,  335,  -12,  -12,  -12,  -12,  576,  294,  -12,
 /*   210 */   -12,  295,  595,  141,  600,  730,  723,  723,  805,  730,
 /*   220 */   805,  439,  911,  231,  865,  231,  865,  807,  865,  723,
 /*   230 */   766,  633,  633,  231,  284,   63,  608, 1476, 1308, 1308,
 /*   240 */  1472, 1472, 1308, 1477, 1425, 1275, 1487, 1487, 1487, 1487,
 /*   250 */  1308, 1461, 1275, 1477, 1425, 1425, 1308, 1461, 1355, 1441,
 /*   260 */  1308, 1308, 1461, 1308, 1461, 1308, 1461, 1442, 1348, 1348,
 /*   270 */  1348, 1408, 1375, 1375, 1442, 1348, 1357, 1348, 1408, 1348,
 /*   280 */  1348, 1316, 1331, 1316, 1331, 1316, 1331, 1308, 1308, 1280,
 /*   290 */  1288, 1289, 1285, 1279, 1275, 1253, 1336, 1346, 1346, 1338,
 /*   300 */  1338, 1338, 1338,  -70,  -70,  -70,  -70,  -70,  -70, 1013,
 /*   310 */   467,  612,   84,  179,  -28,  870,  410,  761,  760,  667,
 /*   320 */   650,  531,  220,  361,  331,  125,  127,   97, 1306, 1300,
 /*   330 */  1270, 1151, 1272, 1203, 1232, 1261, 1244, 1148, 1174, 1139,
 /*   340 */  1156, 1124, 1220, 1115, 1210, 1233, 1099, 1193, 1184, 1174,
 /*   350 */  1173, 1029, 1121, 1120, 1085, 1162, 1119, 1037, 1152, 1147,
 /*   360 */  1129, 1046, 1011, 1093, 1098, 1075, 1061, 1032,  960, 1057,
 /*   370 */  1031, 1030,  899,  938,  982,  936,  972,  958,  910,  955,
 /*   380 */   875,  885,  908,  857,  859,  867,  804,  590,  834,  747,
 /*   390 */   818,  513,  611,  741,  673,  637,  611,  606,  603,  579,
 /*   400 */   501,  541,  468,  386,  445,  395,  376,  281,  185,  120,
 /*   410 */    92,   75,   45,  114,   25,   11,    5,
};
#define YY_REDUCE_USE_DFLT (-169)
#define YY_REDUCE_COUNT (308)
#define YY_REDUCE_MIN   (-168)
#define YY_REDUCE_MAX   (1391)
static const short yy_reduce_ofst[] = {
 /*     0 */  -141,   90, 1095,  222,  158,  156,   19,   17,   10, -104,
 /*    10 */   378,  316,  311,   12,  180,  249,  598,  464,  397, 1181,
 /*    20 */  1177, 1175, 1128, 1106, 1096, 1054, 1038,  974,  964,  962,
 /*    30 */   948,  905,  903,  900,  887,  874,  832,  826,  816,  813,
 /*    40 */   800,  758,  755,  752,  742,  739,  726,  685,  681,  668,
 /*    50 */   665,  652,  607,  604,  594,  591,  578,  530,  528,  526,
................................................................................
 /*   120 */   893,  327,  623,  522,   -7,  820,  814,  157,  154,  101,
 /*   130 */   702,  494,  580,  488,  488,  488,  488,  488,  614,  586,
 /*   140 */   935,  892,  968, 1245, 1242, 1234, 1225,  798,  798, 1222,
 /*   150 */  1221, 1218, 1214, 1213, 1212, 1202, 1195, 1191, 1161, 1158,
 /*   160 */  1140, 1135, 1123, 1112, 1107, 1100, 1080, 1074, 1073, 1072,
 /*   170 */  1070, 1067, 1048, 1044,  969,  968,  907,  906,  904,  894,
 /*   180 */   833,  837,  836,  340,  827,  815,  775,   68,  722,  646,
 /*   190 */  -168, 1384, 1380, 1377, 1379, 1376, 1373, 1339, 1365, 1368,
 /*   200 */  1365, 1365, 1365, 1365, 1365, 1365, 1365, 1320, 1319, 1365,
 /*   210 */  1365, 1339, 1378, 1349, 1391, 1350, 1342, 1334, 1307, 1341,
 /*   220 */  1293, 1364, 1363, 1371, 1362, 1370, 1359, 1340, 1354, 1333,
 /*   230 */  1305, 1304, 1299, 1361, 1328, 1324, 1366, 1282, 1360, 1358,
 /*   240 */  1278, 1276, 1356, 1292, 1322, 1309, 1317, 1315, 1314, 1312,
 /*   250 */  1345, 1347, 1302, 1277, 1311, 1303, 1337, 1335, 1252, 1248,
 /*   260 */  1332, 1330, 1329, 1327, 1326, 1323, 1321, 1297, 1301, 1295,
 /*   270 */  1294, 1290, 1243, 1240, 1284, 1291, 1286, 1283, 1274, 1281,
 /*   280 */  1271, 1238, 1241, 1236, 1235, 1227, 1226, 1267, 1266, 1189,
 /*   290 */  1229, 1223, 1211, 1206, 1201, 1197, 1239, 1237, 1219, 1216,
 /*   300 */  1209, 1208, 1185, 1089, 1086, 1087, 1137, 1136, 1164,
};
static const YYACTIONTYPE yy_default[] = {
 /*     0 */   632,  866,  954,  954,  866,  866,  954,  954,  954,  756,
 /*    10 */   954,  954,  954,  864,  954,  954,  784,  784,  928,  954,
 /*    20 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*    30 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*    40 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*    50 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*    60 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  671,  760,  790,
 /*    70 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  927,  929,
 /*    80 */   798,  797,  907,  771,  795,  788,  792,  867,  860,  861,
 /*    90 */   859,  863,  868,  954,  791,  827,  844,  826,  838,  843,
 /*   100 */   850,  842,  839,  829,  828,  830,  831,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   110 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   120 */   954,  954,  954,  658,  725,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   130 */   954,  954,  954,  832,  833,  847,  846,  845,  954,  663,
 /*   140 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   150 */   934,  932,  954,  879,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   160 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   170 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   180 */   638,  756,  756,  756,  632,  954,  954,  954,  946,  760,
 /*   190 */   750,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   200 */   954,  954,  954,  800,  739,  917,  919,  954,  900,  737,
 /*   210 */   660,  758,  673,  748,  640,  794,  773,  773,  912,  794,
 /*   220 */   912,  696,  719,  954,  784,  954,  784,  693,  784,  773,
 /*   230 */   862,  954,  954,  954,  757,  748,  954,  939,  764,  764,
 /*   240 */   931,  931,  764,  806,  729,  794,  736,  736,  736,  736,
 /*   250 */   764,  655,  794,  806,  729,  729,  764,  655,  906,  904,
 /*   260 */   764,  764,  655,  764,  655,  764,  655,  872,  727,  727,
 /*   270 */   727,  711,  876,  876,  872,  727,  696,  727,  711,  727,
 /*   280 */   727,  777,  772,  777,  772,  777,  772,  764,  764,  954,
 /*   290 */   789,  778,  787,  785,  794,  954,  714,  648,  648,  637,
 /*   300 */   637,  637,  637,  951,  951,  946,  698,  698,  681,  954,
 /*   310 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  881,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   320 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  633,
 /*   330 */   941,  954,  954,  938,  954,  954,  954,  954,  799,  954,
 /*   340 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  916,
 /*   350 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  910,  954,  954,
 /*   360 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  903,  902,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   370 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   380 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   390 */   954,  954,  786,  954,  779,  954,  865,  954,  954,  954,
 /*   400 */   954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  954,  742,  815,  954,
 /*   410 */   814,  818,  813,  665,  954,  646,  954,  629,  634,  950,
 /*   420 */   953,  952,  949,  948,  947,  942,  940,  937,  936,  935,
 /*   430 */   933,  930,  926,  885,  883,  890,  889,  888,  887,  886,
 /*   440 */   884,  882,  880,  801,  796,  793,  925,  878,  738,  735,
 /*   450 */   734,  654,  943,  909,  918,  805,  804,  807,  915,  914,
 /*   460 */   913,  911,  908,  895,  803,  802,  730,  870,  869,  657,
 /*   470 */   899,  898,  897,  901,  905,  896,  766,  656,  653,  662,
 /*   480 */   717,  718,  726,  724,  723,  722,  721,  720,  716,  664,
 /*   490 */   672,  710,  695,  694,  875,  877,  874,  873,  703,  702,
 /*   500 */   708,  707,  706,  705,  704,  701,  700,  699,  692,  691,
 /*   510 */   697,  690,  713,  712,  709,  689,  733,  732,  731,  728,
 /*   520 */   688,  687,  686,  818,  685,  684,  824,  823,  811,  854,
 /*   530 */   753,  752,  751,  763,  762,  775,  774,  809,  808,  776,
 /*   540 */   761,  755,  754,  770,  769,  768,  767,  759,  749,  781,
 /*   550 */   783,  782,  780,  856,  765,  853,  924,  923,  922,  921,
 /*   560 */   920,  858,  857,  825,  822,  676,  677,  893,  892,  894,
 /*   570 */   891,  679,  678,  675,  674,  855,  744,  743,  851,  848,
 /*   580 */   840,  836,  852,  849,  841,  837,  835,  834,  820,  819,
 /*   590 */   817,  816,  812,  821,  667,  745,  741,  740,  810,  747,
 /*   600 */   746,  683,  682,  680,  661,  659,  652,  650,  649,  651,
 /*   610 */   647,  645,  644,  643,  642,  641,  670,  669,  668,  666,
 /*   620 */   665,  639,  636,  635,  631,  630,  628,
};

/* The next table maps tokens into fallback tokens.  If a construct
** like the following:
** 
**      %fallback ID X Y Z.
**
................................................................................
 /* 235 */ "case_else ::=",
 /* 236 */ "case_operand ::= expr",
 /* 237 */ "case_operand ::=",
 /* 238 */ "exprlist ::= nexprlist",
 /* 239 */ "exprlist ::=",
 /* 240 */ "nexprlist ::= nexprlist COMMA expr",
 /* 241 */ "nexprlist ::= expr",
 /* 242 */ "cmd ::= createkw uniqueflag INDEX ifnotexists nm dbnm ON nm LP idxlist RP",
 /* 243 */ "uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE",
 /* 244 */ "uniqueflag ::=",
 /* 245 */ "idxlist_opt ::=",
 /* 246 */ "idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP",
 /* 247 */ "idxlist ::= idxlist COMMA nm collate sortorder",
 /* 248 */ "idxlist ::= nm collate sortorder",
 /* 249 */ "collate ::=",
................................................................................
  { 226, 0 },
  { 224, 1 },
  { 224, 0 },
  { 220, 1 },
  { 220, 0 },
  { 215, 3 },
  { 215, 1 },
  { 147, 11 },
  { 227, 1 },
  { 227, 0 },
  { 178, 0 },
  { 178, 3 },
  { 187, 5 },
  { 187, 3 },
  { 228, 0 },
................................................................................
{yygotominor.yy159 = yymsp[0].minor.yy159;}
        break;
      case 114: /* select ::= select multiselect_op oneselect */
{
  if( yymsp[0].minor.yy159 ){
    yymsp[0].minor.yy159->op = (u8)yymsp[-1].minor.yy392;
    yymsp[0].minor.yy159->pPrior = yymsp[-2].minor.yy159;

  }else{
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy159);
  }
  yygotominor.yy159 = yymsp[0].minor.yy159;
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
................................................................................
        break;
      case 240: /* nexprlist ::= nexprlist COMMA expr */
{yygotominor.yy442 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy442,yymsp[0].minor.yy342.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 241: /* nexprlist ::= expr */
{yygotominor.yy442 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,yymsp[0].minor.yy342.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 242: /* cmd ::= createkw uniqueflag INDEX ifnotexists nm dbnm ON nm LP idxlist RP */
{
  sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, &yymsp[-6].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-5].minor.yy0, 
                     sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,0), yymsp[-1].minor.yy442, yymsp[-9].minor.yy392,
                      &yymsp[-10].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, SQLITE_SO_ASC, yymsp[-7].minor.yy392);
}
        break;
      case 243: /* uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE */
      case 296: /* raisetype ::= ABORT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==296);
{yygotominor.yy392 = OE_Abort;}
        break;
      case 244: /* uniqueflag ::= */
................................................................................
      testcase( z[0]=='\r' );
      for(i=1; sqlite3Isspace(z[i]); i++){}
      *tokenType = TK_SPACE;
      return i;
    }
    case '-': {
      if( z[1]=='-' ){
        /* IMP: R-50417-27976 -- syntax diagram for comments */
        for(i=2; (c=z[i])!=0 && c!='\n'; i++){}
        *tokenType = TK_SPACE;   /* IMP: R-22934-25134 */
        return i;
      }
      *tokenType = TK_MINUS;
      return 1;
    }
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    case '/': {
      if( z[1]!='*' || z[2]==0 ){
        *tokenType = TK_SLASH;
        return 1;
      }
      /* IMP: R-50417-27976 -- syntax diagram for comments */
      for(i=3, c=z[2]; (c!='*' || z[i]!='/') && (c=z[i])!=0; i++){}
      if( c ) i++;
      *tokenType = TK_SPACE;   /* IMP: R-22934-25134 */
      return i;
    }
    case '%': {
      *tokenType = TK_REM;
................................................................................
  int lastTokenParsed = -1;       /* type of the previous token */
  u8 enableLookaside;             /* Saved value of db->lookaside.bEnabled */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* The database connection */
  int mxSqlLen;                   /* Max length of an SQL string */


  mxSqlLen = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH];
  if( db->activeVdbeCnt==0 ){
    db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  i = 0;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );
  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc((void*(*)(size_t))sqlite3Malloc);
................................................................................
**
**    *  Recursive calls to this routine from thread X return immediately
**       without blocking.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void){
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; )       /* The main static mutex */
  int rc;                                      /* Result code */




#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.isPCacheInit = 1;
      rc = sqlite3OsInit();
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PCacheBufferSetup( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pPage, 
          sqlite3GlobalConfig.szPage, sqlite3GlobalConfig.nPage);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit = 1;



    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.inProgress = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex);

  /* Go back under the static mutex and clean up the recursive
  ** mutex to prevent a resource leak.
................................................................................
#endif
#endif

  /* Do extra initialization steps requested by the SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT
  ** compile-time option.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit ){
    int SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT(const char*);
    rc = SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT(0);
  }
#endif

  return rc;
}
................................................................................
        ** back to NULL pointers too.  This will cause the malloc to go
        ** back to its default implementation when sqlite3_initialize() is
        ** run.
        */
        memset(&sqlite3GlobalConfig.m, 0, sizeof(sqlite3GlobalConfig.m));
      }else{
        /* The heap pointer is not NULL, then install one of the
        ** mem5.c/mem3.c methods. If neither ENABLE_MEMSYS3 nor
        ** ENABLE_MEMSYS5 is defined, return an error.
        */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *sqlite3MemGetMemsys3();
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *sqlite3MemGetMemsys5();
#endif
................................................................................

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.szLookaside = va_arg(ap, int);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nLookaside = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }
    
    /* Record a pointer to the logger funcction and its first argument.
    ** The default is NULL.  Logging is disabled if the function pointer is
    ** NULL.
    */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG: {
      /* MSVC is picky about pulling func ptrs from va lists.
      ** http://support.microsoft.com/kb/47961
      ** sqlite3GlobalConfig.xLog = va_arg(ap, void(*)(void*,int,const char*));
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Another built-in collating sequence: NOCASE. 
**
** This collating sequence is intended to be used for "case independant
** comparison". SQLite's knowledge of upper and lower case equivalents
** extends only to the 26 characters used in the English language.
**
** At the moment there is only a UTF-8 implementation.
*/
static int nocaseCollatingFunc(
  void *NotUsed,
................................................................................
  if( !forceZombie && connectionIsBusy(db) ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, "unable to close due to unfinalized "
       "statements or unfinished backups");
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

  /* If a transaction is open, roll it back. This also ensures that if
  ** any database schemas have been modified by the current transaction
  ** they are reset. And that the required b-tree mutex is held to make
  ** the the pager rollback and schema reset an atomic operation. */
  sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xSqllog ){
    /* Closing the handle. Fourth parameter is passed the value 2. */
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.xSqllog(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pSqllogArg, db, 0, 2);
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  }

  /* If we reach this point, it means that the database connection has
  ** closed all sqlite3_stmt and sqlite3_backup objects and has been
  ** passed to sqlite3_close (meaning that it is a zombie).  Therefore,
  ** go ahead and free all resources.
  */







  /* Free any outstanding Savepoint structures. */
  sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);

  /* Close all database connections */
  for(j=0; j<db->nDb; j++){
    struct Db *pDb = &db->aDb[j];
................................................................................
** attempts to use that cursor.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3 *db, int tripCode){
  int i;
  int inTrans = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();







  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);

  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ){
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(p) ){
        inTrans = 1;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeRollback(p, tripCode);
      db->aDb[i].inTrans = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabRollback(db);
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();

  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges)!=0 && db->init.busy==0 ){
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);

  /* Any deferred constraint violations have now been resolved. */
  db->nDeferredCons = 0;



  /* If one has been configured, invoke the rollback-hook callback */
  if( db->xRollbackCallback && (inTrans || !db->autoCommit) ){
    db->xRollbackCallback(db->pRollbackArg);
  }
}

................................................................................
      case SQLITE_ERROR:              zName = "SQLITE_ERROR";             break;
      case SQLITE_INTERNAL:           zName = "SQLITE_INTERNAL";          break;
      case SQLITE_PERM:               zName = "SQLITE_PERM";              break;
      case SQLITE_ABORT:              zName = "SQLITE_ABORT";             break;
      case SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK:     zName = "SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK";    break;
      case SQLITE_BUSY:               zName = "SQLITE_BUSY";              break;
      case SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY:      zName = "SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY";     break;

      case SQLITE_LOCKED:             zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED";            break;
      case SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE: zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE";break;
      case SQLITE_NOMEM:              zName = "SQLITE_NOMEM";             break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY:           zName = "SQLITE_READONLY";          break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK"; break;
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT: zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT";break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP";        break;

      case SQLITE_CORRUPT:            zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT";           break;
      case SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB:       zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB";      break;
      case SQLITE_NOTFOUND:           zName = "SQLITE_NOTFOUND";          break;
      case SQLITE_FULL:               zName = "SQLITE_FULL";              break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN:           zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN";          break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR: zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR";break;
      case SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR:     zName = "SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR";    break;
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_NOTADB:             zName = "SQLITE_NOTADB";            break;
      case SQLITE_ROW:                zName = "SQLITE_ROW";               break;
      case SQLITE_NOTICE:             zName = "SQLITE_NOTICE";            break;
      case SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL: zName = "SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL";break;
      case SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK:
                                zName = "SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK"; break;
      case SQLITE_WARNING:            zName = "SQLITE_WARNING";           break;

      case SQLITE_DONE:               zName = "SQLITE_DONE";              break;
    }
  }
  if( zName==0 ){
    static char zBuf[50];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "SQLITE_UNKNOWN(%d)", origRc);
    zName = zBuf;
................................................................................
  int nOps,
  int (*xProgress)(void*), 
  void *pArg
){
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( nOps>0 ){
    db->xProgress = xProgress;
    db->nProgressOps = nOps;
    db->pProgressArg = pArg;
  }else{
    db->xProgress = 0;
    db->nProgressOps = 0;
    db->pProgressArg = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
  /* Check if an existing function is being overridden or deleted. If so,
  ** and there are active VMs, then return SQLITE_BUSY. If a function
  ** is being overridden/deleted but there are no active VMs, allow the
  ** operation to continue but invalidate all precompiled statements.
  */
  p = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zFunctionName, nName, nArg, (u8)enc, 0);
  if( p && p->iPrefEnc==enc && p->nArg==nArg ){
    if( db->activeVdbeCnt ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify user-function due to active statements");
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    }
................................................................................

  /* Check if this call is removing or replacing an existing collation 
  ** sequence. If so, and there are active VMs, return busy. If there
  ** are no active VMs, invalidate any pre-compiled statements.
  */
  pColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, (u8)enc2, zName, 0);
  if( pColl && pColl->xCmp ){
    if( db->activeVdbeCnt ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify collation sequence due to active statements");
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);

    /* If collation sequence pColl was created directly by a call to
................................................................................
    ** method that there may be extra parameters following the file-name.  */
    flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_URI;

    for(iIn=0; iIn<nUri; iIn++) nByte += (zUri[iIn]=='&');
    zFile = sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
    if( !zFile ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;



    /* Discard the scheme and authority segments of the URI. */
    if( zUri[5]=='/' && zUri[6]=='/' ){
      iIn = 7;
      while( zUri[iIn] && zUri[iIn]!='/' ) iIn++;

      if( iIn!=7 && (iIn!=16 || memcmp("localhost", &zUri[7], 9)) ){
        *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("invalid uri authority: %.*s", 
            iIn-7, &zUri[7]);
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        goto parse_uri_out;
      }
    }else{
      iIn = 5;
    }


    /* Copy the filename and any query parameters into the zFile buffer. 
    ** Decode %HH escape codes along the way. 
    **
    ** Within this loop, variable eState may be set to 0, 1 or 2, depending
    ** on the parsing context. As follows:
    **
................................................................................

  assert( sizeof(db->aLimit)==sizeof(aHardLimit) );
  memcpy(db->aLimit, aHardLimit, sizeof(db->aLimit));
  db->autoCommit = 1;
  db->nextAutovac = -1;
  db->szMmap = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
  db->nextPagesize = 0;
  db->flags |= SQLITE_ShortColNames | SQLITE_AutoIndex | SQLITE_EnableTrigger



#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT<4
                 | SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION
                 | SQLITE_LoadExtension
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
**
******* THIS IS AN EXPERIMENTAL API AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE ******
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3 *db){
  return db->autoCommit;
}

/*
** The following routines are subtitutes for constants SQLITE_CORRUPT,
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)

/* If not building as part of the core, include sqlite3ext.h. */
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
SQLITE_API extern const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api;
#endif

/************** Include fts3_tokenizer.h in the middle of fts3Int.h **********/
/************** Begin file fts3_tokenizer.h **********************************/
/*
** 2006 July 10
**
................................................................................
*/
#define fts3HashCount(H)  ((H)->count)

#endif /* _FTS3_HASH_H_ */

/************** End of fts3_hash.h *******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in fts3Int.h ********************/













/*
** This constant controls how often segments are merged. Once there are
** FTS3_MERGE_COUNT segments of level N, they are merged into a single
** segment of level N+1.
*/
#define FTS3_MERGE_COUNT 16
................................................................................
struct Fts3Table {
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The database connection */
  const char *zDb;                /* logical database name */
  const char *zName;              /* virtual table name */
  int nColumn;                    /* number of named columns in virtual table */
  char **azColumn;                /* column names.  malloced */

  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;  /* tokenizer for inserts and queries */
  char *zContentTbl;              /* content=xxx option, or NULL */
  char *zLanguageid;              /* languageid=xxx option, or NULL */
  u8 bAutoincrmerge;              /* True if automerge=1 */
  u32 nLeafAdd;                   /* Number of leaf blocks added this trans */

  /* Precompiled statements used by the implementation. Each of these 
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3Optimize(Fts3Table *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3SegReaderNew(int, int, sqlite3_int64,
  sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64, const char *, int, Fts3SegReader**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3SegReaderPending(
  Fts3Table*,int,const char*,int,int,Fts3SegReader**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SegReaderFree(Fts3SegReader *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3AllSegdirs(Fts3Table*, int, int, int, sqlite3_stmt **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ReadLock(Fts3Table *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ReadBlock(Fts3Table*, sqlite3_int64, char **, int*, int*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3SelectDoctotal(Fts3Table *, sqlite3_stmt **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3SelectDocsize(Fts3Table *, sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_stmt **);

#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS4_DEFERRED
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3FreeDeferredTokens(Fts3Cursor *);
................................................................................
  int bNoDocsize = 0;             /* True to omit %_docsize table */
  int bDescIdx = 0;               /* True to store descending indexes */
  char *zPrefix = 0;              /* Prefix parameter value (or NULL) */
  char *zCompress = 0;            /* compress=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zUncompress = 0;          /* uncompress=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zContent = 0;             /* content=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zLanguageid = 0;          /* languageid=? parameter (or NULL) */



  assert( strlen(argv[0])==4 );
  assert( (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts4", 4)==0 && isFts4)
       || (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts3", 4)==0 && !isFts4)
  );

  nDb = (int)strlen(argv[1]) + 1;
  nName = (int)strlen(argv[2]) + 1;


  aCol = (const char **)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(const char *) * (argc-2) );








  if( !aCol ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset((void *)aCol, 0, sizeof(const char *) * (argc-2));



  /* Loop through all of the arguments passed by the user to the FTS3/4
  ** module (i.e. all the column names and special arguments). This loop
  ** does the following:
  **
  **   + Figures out the number of columns the FTSX table will have, and
  **     the number of bytes of space that must be allocated to store copies
................................................................................
      } aFts4Opt[] = {
        { "matchinfo",   9 },     /* 0 -> MATCHINFO */
        { "prefix",      6 },     /* 1 -> PREFIX */
        { "compress",    8 },     /* 2 -> COMPRESS */
        { "uncompress", 10 },     /* 3 -> UNCOMPRESS */
        { "order",       5 },     /* 4 -> ORDER */
        { "content",     7 },     /* 5 -> CONTENT */
        { "languageid", 10 }      /* 6 -> LANGUAGEID */

      };

      int iOpt;
      if( !zVal ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        for(iOpt=0; iOpt<SizeofArray(aFts4Opt); iOpt++){
................................................................................

            case 6:              /* LANGUAGEID */
              assert( iOpt==6 );
              sqlite3_free(zLanguageid);
              zLanguageid = zVal;
              zVal = 0;
              break;





          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zVal);
      }
    }

    /* Otherwise, the argument is a column name. */
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto fts3_init_out;

  /* Allocate and populate the Fts3Table structure. */
  nByte = sizeof(Fts3Table) +                  /* Fts3Table */
          nCol * sizeof(char *) +              /* azColumn */
          nIndex * sizeof(struct Fts3Index) +  /* aIndex */

          nName +                              /* zName */
          nDb +                                /* zDb */
          nString;                             /* Space for azColumn strings */
  p = (Fts3Table*)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( p==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto fts3_init_out;
................................................................................

  p->aIndex = (struct Fts3Index *)&p->azColumn[nCol];
  memcpy(p->aIndex, aIndex, sizeof(struct Fts3Index) * nIndex);
  p->nIndex = nIndex;
  for(i=0; i<nIndex; i++){
    fts3HashInit(&p->aIndex[i].hPending, FTS3_HASH_STRING, 1);
  }


  /* Fill in the zName and zDb fields of the vtab structure. */
  zCsr = (char *)&p->aIndex[nIndex];
  p->zName = zCsr;
  memcpy(zCsr, argv[2], nName);
  zCsr += nName;
  p->zDb = zCsr;
  memcpy(zCsr, argv[1], nDb);
  zCsr += nDb;

................................................................................
    zCsr[n] = '\0';
    sqlite3Fts3Dequote(zCsr);
    p->azColumn[iCol] = zCsr;
    zCsr += n+1;
    assert( zCsr <= &((char *)p)[nByte] );
  }




















  if( (zCompress==0)!=(zUncompress==0) ){
    char const *zMiss = (zCompress==0 ? "compress" : "uncompress");
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("missing %s parameter in fts4 constructor", zMiss);
  }
  p->zReadExprlist = fts3ReadExprList(p, zUncompress, &rc);
  p->zWriteExprlist = fts3WriteExprList(p, zCompress, &rc);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto fts3_init_out;
................................................................................
fts3_init_out:
  sqlite3_free(zPrefix);
  sqlite3_free(aIndex);
  sqlite3_free(zCompress);
  sqlite3_free(zUncompress);
  sqlite3_free(zContent);
  sqlite3_free(zLanguageid);

  sqlite3_free((void *)aCol);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( p ){
      fts3DisconnectMethod((sqlite3_vtab *)p);
    }else if( pTokenizer ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(pTokenizer);
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */

  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 500000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;

    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */
    if( iCons<0 
     && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
................................................................................
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    rc = sqlite3Fts3ReadLock(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    rc = fts3EvalStart(pCsr);

    sqlite3Fts3SegmentsClose(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    pCsr->pNextId = pCsr->aDoclist;
    pCsr->iPrevId = 0;
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
................................................................................
}
#endif

#if !SQLITE_CORE
/*
** Initialize API pointer table, if required.
*/



SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extension_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg,
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi)
  return sqlite3Fts3Init(db);
}
................................................................................
  int bFts4,                          /* True to allow FTS4-only syntax */
  int nCol,                           /* Number of entries in azCol[] */
  int iDefaultCol,                    /* Default column to query */
  const char *z, int n,               /* Text of MATCH query */
  Fts3Expr **ppExpr,                  /* OUT: Parsed query structure */
  char **pzErr                        /* OUT: Error message (sqlite3_malloc) */
){
  static const int MAX_EXPR_DEPTH = 12;
  int rc = fts3ExprParseUnbalanced(
      pTokenizer, iLangid, azCol, bFts4, nCol, iDefaultCol, z, n, ppExpr
  );
  
  /* Rebalance the expression. And check that its depth does not exceed
  ** MAX_EXPR_DEPTH.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && *ppExpr ){
    rc = fts3ExprBalance(ppExpr, MAX_EXPR_DEPTH);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = fts3ExprCheckDepth(*ppExpr, MAX_EXPR_DEPTH);
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(*ppExpr);
    *ppExpr = 0;
    if( rc==SQLITE_TOOBIG ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "FTS expression tree is too large (maximum depth %d)", MAX_EXPR_DEPTH

      );
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_ERROR ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("malformed MATCH expression: [%s]", z);
    }
  }

................................................................................
  sqlite3_free(zCopy);
  return rc;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST

/* #include <tcl.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */

/*
** Implementation of a special SQL scalar function for testing tokenizers 
** designed to be used in concert with the Tcl testing framework. This
** function must be called with two or more arguments:
**
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  }
  *pRC = rc;
}


/*
** This function ensures that the caller has obtained a shared-cache
** table-lock on the %_content table. This is required before reading
** data from the fts3 table. If this lock is not acquired first, then
** the caller may end up holding read-locks on the %_segments and %_segdir
** tables, but no read-lock on the %_content table. If this happens 
** a second connection will be able to write to the fts3 table, but
** attempting to commit those writes might return SQLITE_LOCKED or
** SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE (because the commit attempts to obtain 
** write-locks on the %_segments and %_segdir ** tables). 
**
** We try to avoid this because if FTS3 returns any error when committing
** a transaction, the whole transaction will be rolled back. And this is
** not what users expect when they get SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. It can
** still happen if the user reads data directly from the %_segments or
** %_segdir tables instead of going through FTS3 though.
**
** This reasoning does not apply to a content=xxx table.


*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ReadLock(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;            /* Statement used to obtain lock */


  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){


    rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, 1);
      sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    }
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** FTS maintains a separate indexes for each language-id (a 32-bit integer).
................................................................................
  Fts3Table *p, 
  int iLangid, 
  sqlite3_value **apVal, 
  u32 *aSz
){
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  for(i=2; i<p->nColumn+2; i++){


    const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[i]);
    int rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, i-2, &aSz[i-2]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_value_bytes(apVal[i]);

  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is called by the xUpdate() method for an INSERT operation.
** The apVal parameter is passed a copy of the apVal argument passed by
................................................................................
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pSelect, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSelect) ){
      int i;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pSelect);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pSelect, 0));
      for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=p->nColumn; i++){


        const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i);
        rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, -1, &aSz[i-1]);
        aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pSelect, i);

      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_reset(pSelect);
        *pRC = rc;
        return;
      }
      *pbFound = 1;
................................................................................
    ** following block advances it to point one byte past the end of
    ** the same offset list. */
    while( 1 ){
  
      /* The following line of code (and the "p++" below the while() loop) is
      ** normally all that is required to move pointer p to the desired 
      ** position. The exception is if this node is being loaded from disk
      ** incrementally and pointer "p" now points to the first byte passed
      ** the populated part of pReader->aNode[].
      */
      while( *p | c ) c = *p++ & 0x80;
      assert( *p==0 );
  
      if( pReader->pBlob==0 || p<&pReader->aNode[pReader->nPopulate] ) break;
      rc = fts3SegReaderIncrRead(pReader);
................................................................................
      */
      for(i=0; i<nMerge; i++){
        fts3SegReaderFirstDocid(p, apSegment[i]);
      }
      fts3SegReaderSort(apSegment, nMerge, nMerge, xCmp);
      while( apSegment[0]->pOffsetList ){
        int j;                    /* Number of segments that share a docid */
        char *pList;
        int nList;
        int nByte;
        sqlite3_int64 iDocid = apSegment[0]->iDocid;
        fts3SegReaderNextDocid(p, apSegment[0], &pList, &nList);
        j = 1;
        while( j<nMerge
            && apSegment[j]->pOffsetList
            && apSegment[j]->iDocid==iDocid
................................................................................

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      memset(aSz, 0, sizeof(aSz[0]) * (p->nColumn+1));
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){

        const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
        rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
        aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);

      }
      if( p->bHasDocsize ){
        fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSz);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
        pStmt = 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_tokenizer *pT = p->pTokenizer;
    sqlite3_tokenizer_module const *pModule = pT->pModule;
   
    assert( pCsr->isRequireSeek==0 );
    iDocid = sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 0);
  
    for(i=0; i<p->nColumn && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){

      const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pCsr->pStmt, i+1);
      sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pTC = 0;
  
      rc = sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(pT, pCsr->iLangid, zText, -1, &pTC);
      while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        char const *zToken;       /* Buffer containing token */
        int nToken = 0;           /* Number of bytes in token */
        int iDum1 = 0, iDum2 = 0; /* Dummy variables */
        int iPos = 0;             /* Position of token in zText */
  
        rc = pModule->xNext(pTC, &zToken, &nToken, &iDum1, &iDum2, &iPos);
        for(pDef=pCsr->pDeferred; pDef && rc==SQLITE_OK; pDef=pDef->pNext){
          Fts3PhraseToken *pPT = pDef->pToken;
          if( (pDef->iCol>=p->nColumn || pDef->iCol==i)
           && (pPT->bFirst==0 || iPos==0)
           && (pPT->n==nToken || (pPT->isPrefix && pPT->n<nToken))
           && (0==memcmp(zToken, pPT->z, pPT->n))
          ){
            fts3PendingListAppend(&pDef->pList, iDocid, i, iPos, &rc);
          }
        }
      }
      if( pTC ) pModule->xClose(pTC);
      if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  
    for(pDef=pCsr->pDeferred; pDef && rc==SQLITE_OK; pDef=pDef->pNext){
      if( pDef->pList ){
        rc = fts3PendingListAppendVarint(&pDef->pList, 0);

      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  if( aSzDel==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto update_out;
  }
  aSzIns = &aSzDel[p->nColumn+1];
  memset(aSzDel, 0, sizeof(aSzDel[0])*(p->nColumn+1)*2);




  /* If this is an INSERT operation, or an UPDATE that modifies the rowid
  ** value, then this operation requires constraint handling.
  **
  ** If the on-conflict mode is REPLACE, this means that the existing row
  ** should be deleted from the database before inserting the new row. Or,
  ** if the on-conflict mode is other than REPLACE, then this method must
  ** detect the conflict and return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT before beginning to
................................................................................
    char *zNew = sqlite3_realloc(pStr->z, nAlloc);
    if( !zNew ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pStr->z = zNew;
    pStr->nAlloc = nAlloc;
  }


  /* Append the data to the string buffer. */
  memcpy(&pStr->z[pStr->n], zAppend, nAppend);
  pStr->n += nAppend;
  pStr->z[pStr->n] = '\0';

  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    0x02A00801, 0x02A01801, 0x02A02C01, 0x02A08C09, 0x02A0D804,
    0x02A1D004, 0x02A20002, 0x02A2D011, 0x02A33802, 0x02A38012,
    0x02A3E003, 0x02A4980A, 0x02A51C0D, 0x02A57C01, 0x02A60004,
    0x02A6CC1B, 0x02A77802, 0x02A8A40E, 0x02A90C01, 0x02A93002,
    0x02A97004, 0x02A9DC03, 0x02A9EC01, 0x02AAC001, 0x02AAC803,
    0x02AADC02, 0x02AAF802, 0x02AB0401, 0x02AB7802, 0x02ABAC07,
    0x02ABD402, 0x02AF8C0B, 0x03600001, 0x036DFC02, 0x036FFC02,
    0x037FFC02, 0x03E3FC01, 0x03EC7801, 0x03ECA401, 0x03EEC810,
    0x03F4F802, 0x03F7F002, 0x03F8001A, 0x03F88007, 0x03F8C023,
    0x03F95013, 0x03F9A004, 0x03FBFC01, 0x03FC040F, 0x03FC6807,
    0x03FCEC06, 0x03FD6C0B, 0x03FF8007, 0x03FFA007, 0x03FFE405,
    0x04040003, 0x0404DC09, 0x0405E411, 0x0406400C, 0x0407402E,
    0x040E7C01, 0x040F4001, 0x04215C01, 0x04247C01, 0x0424FC01,
    0x04280403, 0x04281402, 0x04283004, 0x0428E003, 0x0428FC01,
    0x04294009, 0x0429FC01, 0x042CE407, 0x04400003, 0x0440E016,
    0x04420003, 0x0442C012, 0x04440003, 0x04449C0E, 0x04450004,
    0x04460003, 0x0446CC0E, 0x04471404, 0x045AAC0D, 0x0491C004,
    0x05BD442E, 0x05BE3C04, 0x074000F6, 0x07440027, 0x0744A4B5,
    0x07480046, 0x074C0057, 0x075B0401, 0x075B6C01, 0x075BEC01,
    0x075C5401, 0x075CD401, 0x075D3C01, 0x075DBC01, 0x075E2401,
    0x075EA401, 0x075F0C01, 0x07BBC002, 0x07C0002C, 0x07C0C064,
    0x07C2800F, 0x07C2C40E, 0x07C3040F, 0x07C3440F, 0x07C4401F,
    0x07C4C03C, 0x07C5C02B, 0x07C7981D, 0x07C8402B, 0x07C90009,
    0x07C94002, 0x07CC0021, 0x07CCC006, 0x07CCDC46, 0x07CE0014,
    0x07CE8025, 0x07CF1805, 0x07CF8011, 0x07D0003F, 0x07D10001,
    0x07D108B6, 0x07D3E404, 0x07D4003E, 0x07D50004, 0x07D54018,
    0x07D7EC46, 0x07D9140B, 0x07DA0046, 0x07DC0074, 0x38000401,
    0x38008060, 0x380400F0, 0x3C000001, 0x3FFFF401, 0x40000001,
    0x43FFF401,
  };
  static const unsigned int aAscii[4] = {
    0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFC00FFFF, 0xF8000001, 0xF8000001,
  };

  if( c<128 ){
    return ( (aAscii[c >> 5] & (1 << (c & 0x001F)))==0 );
................................................................................
  ** the context object when it is no longer required.  */
  return sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, zGeom, -1, SQLITE_ANY, 
      (void *)pGeomCtx, geomCallback, 0, 0, doSqlite3Free
  );
}

#if !SQLITE_CORE



SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extension_init(
  sqlite3 *db,
  char **pzErrMsg,
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi)
  return sqlite3RtreeInit(db);
}
................................................................................
**
**   * An implementation of the SQL regexp() function (and hence REGEXP
**     operator) using the ICU uregex_XX() APIs.
**
**   * Implementations of the SQL scalar upper() and lower() functions
**     for case mapping.
**
**   * Integration of ICU and SQLite collation seqences.
**
**   * An implementation of the LIKE operator that uses ICU to 
**     provide case-independent matching.
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU)

................................................................................
    );
  }

  return rc;
}

#if !SQLITE_CORE



SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extension_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg,
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi)
  return sqlite3IcuInit(db);
}


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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
...
397
398
399
400
401
402
403



404
405
406
407
408
409
410
...
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434

435






436
437

438







439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
...
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
...
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544




545
546

547
548
549
550
551
552
553
...
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
....
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
....
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
....
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
....
4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744

4745
4746
4747
4748
4749

4750
4751
4752

4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761

4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767



4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775

4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
....
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
5091
5092
5093
5094
5095
5096
5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
....
5683
5684
5685
5686
5687
5688
5689
5690
5691
5692
5693
5694
5695
5696
5697
5698
5699
5700
5701
5702
5703
5704
5705
5706
5707
5708
5709
5710
5711
5712
5713
....
6812
6813
6814
6815
6816
6817
6818
6819
6820
6821
6822
6823
6824
6825
6826
6827
6828
6829
6830
6831
6832
6833
6834
6835
6836
6837
6838
6839
6840
6841
6842
6843
6844
6845
....
6885
6886
6887
6888
6889
6890
6891
6892
6893
6894
6895
6896
6897
6898
6899
6900
6901
6902
6903
6904
6905
6906
6907
6908
6909
6910
6911
6912
6913
....
7778
7779
7780
7781
7782
7783
7784
7785
7786
7787
7788
7789
7790
7791
7792
....
8179
8180
8181
8182
8183
8184
8185
8186
8187
8188
8189
8190
8191
8192
8193
8194
8195
8196
8197
8198
....
8510
8511
8512
8513
8514
8515
8516

8517

8518
8519
8520
8521
8522
8523
8524
....
8585
8586
8587
8588
8589
8590
8591
8592
8593
8594
8595
8596
8597
8598
8599
....
8809
8810
8811
8812
8813
8814
8815

8816
8817
8818
8819
8820
8821
8822
....
8832
8833
8834
8835
8836
8837
8838

8839
8840
8841
8842
8843
8844
8845
....
8885
8886
8887
8888
8889
8890
8891

8892
8893
8894
8895
8896
8897
8898
....
8941
8942
8943
8944
8945
8946
8947
8948
8949
8950
8951
8952
8953
8954
8955
8956
8957
8958
8959
8960
8961
8962
8963
8964
8965
8966
8967
8968
8969


8970
8971
8972
8973
8974
8975
8976
8977






8978





8979
8980
8981











8982
8983
8984




8985
8986
8987


8988
8989
8990
8991



8992
8993
8994
8995
8996
8997
8998
8999
9000
9001
9002
9003
9004
9005
9006
9007
9008
9009
9010
9011
9012
9013
9014
9015
9016
9017
9018
9019
9020
9021
9022
9023
9024
9025
9026
9027
9028
9029
9030
9031
9032
9033
9034
9035
9036
9037
9038
9039
9040
9041
9042
9043
9044
9045
9046
9047
9048



9049
9050
9051
9052
9053
9054
9055
9056
9057
9058
9059
9060
9061
9062
9063
9064
9065
9066
9067
9068
9069
9070
9071
9072
9073
9074
9075

9076



9077
9078
9079
9080
9081
9082
9083
9084

9085
9086
9087
9088
9089
9090
9091
9092
9093
9094
9095
9096
9097
9098
9099
....
9105
9106
9107
9108
9109
9110
9111
9112
9113
9114
9115
9116

9117
9118
9119

9120
9121
9122
9123
9124
9125
9126
9127

9128
9129
9130
9131
9132
9133
9134
9135
9136
....
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176
9177
9178
9179
9180
9181
9182
9183
9184
9185
9186
....
9289
9290
9291
9292
9293
9294
9295
9296
9297
9298
9299
9300
9301
9302
9303
9304
9305
9306
9307
9308
9309
9310
9311
9312
9313
9314
....
9327
9328
9329
9330
9331
9332
9333
9334
9335
9336
9337
9338
9339
9340
9341
....
9956
9957
9958
9959
9960
9961
9962

9963
9964
9965
9966
9967
9968
9969
.....
10101
10102
10103
10104
10105
10106
10107
10108
10109
10110
10111
10112
10113
10114
10115
10116
10117
10118
.....
10140
10141
10142
10143
10144
10145
10146
10147
10148
10149
10150
10151
10152
10153
10154
.....
10158
10159
10160
10161
10162
10163
10164
10165
10166
10167
10168
10169
10170
10171
10172
.....
10190
10191
10192
10193
10194
10195
10196
10197
10198
10199
10200
10201
10202
10203
10204
10205
10206
10207
10208
10209
10210
10211
10212
10213


10214
10215
10216
10217
10218
10219
10220
10221
10222
10223
10224
10225
10226
10227
10228
10229
10230
10231
.....
10234
10235
10236
10237
10238
10239
10240
10241
10242
10243
10244
10245
10246
10247
10248
10249
.....
10364
10365
10366
10367
10368
10369
10370
10371
10372
10373
10374
10375
10376
10377
10378
.....
10683
10684
10685
10686
10687
10688
10689
10690
10691
10692
10693
10694
10695
10696
10697
10698
10699
10700
10701
10702
10703
10704
10705
10706
.....
10761
10762
10763
10764
10765
10766
10767
10768
10769
10770
10771
10772
10773
10774
10775
10776
10777
10778
10779
10780
10781
.....
11113
11114
11115
11116
11117
11118
11119
11120
11121
11122
11123
11124
11125
11126
11127
11128
11129
11130
11131
.....
11138
11139
11140
11141
11142
11143
11144
11145
11146
11147
11148
11149
11150
11151
11152
11153
.....
11177
11178
11179
11180
11181
11182
11183









































































11184
11185
11186
11187
11188
11189
11190
11191
11192
11193
11194
11195
11196
11197
11198
11199
11200



11201


11202



















11203
11204
11205
11206
11207
11208
11209
.....
11225
11226
11227
11228
11229
11230
11231
11232
11233
11234
11235
11236
11237
11238
11239
.....
11240
11241
11242
11243
11244
11245
11246
11247

11248
11249
11250
11251
11252
11253
11254
.....
11268
11269
11270
11271
11272
11273
11274
11275
11276
11277
11278
11279
11280
11281
11282
.....
11295
11296
11297
11298
11299
11300
11301
11302
11303
11304
11305
11306
11307
11308
11309
.....
11417
11418
11419
11420
11421
11422
11423
11424
11425
11426
11427
11428
11429
11430
11431
11432
11433
11434
11435
11436
11437
11438
11439
11440
11441
.....
11455
11456
11457
11458
11459
11460
11461
11462
11463
11464
11465
11466
11467
11468
11469
.....
12009
12010
12011
12012
12013
12014
12015
12016
12017
12018
12019
12020
12021
12022
12023
.....
12025
12026
12027
12028
12029
12030
12031
12032
12033
12034
12035
12036
12037
12038
12039
12040
12041
12042
12043
12044
.....
12057
12058
12059
12060
12061
12062
12063
12064
12065
12066
12067
12068
12069
12070
12071
12072
12073
.....
12086
12087
12088
12089
12090
12091
12092
12093
12094
12095
12096
12097
12098
12099
12100
.....
12289
12290
12291
12292
12293
12294
12295
12296
12297
12298
12299
12300
12301
12302
12303
.....
12309
12310
12311
12312
12313
12314
12315
12316
12317
12318
12319
12320
12321
12322
12323
.....
13262
13263
13264
13265
13266
13267
13268
13269
13270
13271
13272
13273
13274
13275
13276
13277
13278
.....
13451
13452
13453
13454
13455
13456
13457

13458
13459
13460
13461
13462
13463



13464



13465
13466
13467
13468
13469

13470
13471
13472
13473
13474
13475
13476
13477
.....
13481
13482
13483
13484
13485
13486
13487

13488
13489
13490
13491
13492
13493
13494
13495
13496
13497
13498
13499
13500
13501
13502
.....
13556
13557
13558
13559
13560
13561
13562
13563
13564
13565
13566
13567
13568
13569
13570
13571
13572
13573
13574
13575
13576
13577
13578
13579
13580
13581
13582
13583
13584
.....
13587
13588
13589
13590
13591
13592
13593
13594
13595
13596
13597
13598
13599
13600
13601
.....
13611
13612
13613
13614
13615
13616
13617
13618
13619
13620
13621
13622
13623
13624
13625
.....
13931
13932
13933
13934
13935
13936
13937
13938
13939
13940
13941
13942
13943
13944
13945
13946
13947
13948
13949
13950
13951
13952
13953
13954
.....
17241
17242
17243
17244
17245
17246
17247
17248
17249
17250
17251
17252
17253
17254
17255
17256
17257
17258
17259
17260
17261
.....
17343
17344
17345
17346
17347
17348
17349
17350
17351
17352
17353
17354
17355
17356
17357
.....
17465
17466
17467
17468
17469
17470
17471
17472
17473
17474
17475
17476
17477
17478
17479
.....
19951
19952
19953
19954
19955
19956
19957





19958

19959
19960
19961
19962
19963
19964
19965
.....
20006
20007
20008
20009
20010
20011
20012
20013
20014
20015
20016
20017
20018
20019
20020
20021
.....
22710
22711
22712
22713
22714
22715
22716
22717
22718
22719
22720
22721
22722
22723
22724
22725
22726
22727
22728
22729
22730
22731
22732
22733
22734
22735
22736
22737
22738
22739
22740
22741
22742
22743
22744
22745
22746
22747
22748
22749
22750
22751
22752
22753
22754
22755
22756
22757
22758
22759
22760
22761
22762
22763
22764
22765
22766
22767
22768
22769
22770
22771
22772
22773
22774
22775
22776
22777
22778
22779
22780
22781
22782
22783
22784
22785
22786
22787
22788
22789
22790
22791
22792
22793
22794
22795
22796
22797
22798
22799
22800
22801
22802
22803
22804
22805
22806
22807
22808
22809
22810
22811
22812
22813
22814
22815
22816
22817
22818
22819
22820
22821
22822
22823
22824
22825
22826
22827
22828
22829
22830
22831
22832
22833
22834
22835
22836
22837
22838
22839
22840
22841
22842
22843
22844
22845
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
22861
22862
22863
.....
22914
22915
22916
22917
22918
22919
22920







22921
22922
22923
22924
22925
22926
22927
.....
26844
26845
26846
26847
26848
26849
26850
26851
26852
26853
26854
26855
26856
26857
26858
26859
26860
26861
26862
26863
26864
26865
26866
26867
26868
26869
26870
.....
28226
28227
28228
28229
28230
28231
28232
28233
28234
28235
28236
28237
28238
28239
28240
.....
30506
30507
30508
30509
30510
30511
30512
30513
30514
30515
30516
30517
30518
30519
30520
.....
30782
30783
30784
30785
30786
30787
30788







30789
30790
30791
30792
30793
30794
30795
.....
30927
30928
30929
30930
30931
30932
30933
30934
30935
30936
30937
30938
30939
30940
30941
.....
33508
33509
33510
33511
33512
33513
33514
33515
33516
33517
33518
33519
33520
33521
33522
33523
33524
.....
33594
33595
33596
33597
33598
33599
33600
33601
33602
33603
33604
33605
33606
33607
33608
33609
33610
33611
33612
33613
33614
33615
33616
33617
33618
33619
33620
33621
.....
33639
33640
33641
33642
33643
33644
33645


33646
33647
33648
33649
33650
33651
33652
33653
33654
33655
33656
33657
33658
33659
33660
33661
.....
34393
34394
34395
34396
34397
34398
34399
34400
34401
34402
34403

34404
34405
34406
34407
34408
34409
34410
.....
34565
34566
34567
34568
34569
34570
34571
34572
34573
34574
34575
34576
34577
34578
34579
34580
34581
34582
34583
34584
34585
34586
34587
34588
34589
34590
34591
34592
34593
34594
34595
34596
34597
34598
34599


34600
34601
34602
34603
34604
34605
34606
34607
34608
34609
34610
34611
34612
34613
34614
34615
34616
34617
34618
34619
34620
34621
34622
34623
34624
34625
34626
34627
34628
34629
34630
34631
34632
34633
34634
34635
34636
34637
34638
34639
34640
34641
34642
34643
34644
34645
34646
34647
34648
34649
34650
34651
34652
34653
34654
34655
34656
34657
34658
34659
34660
34661
34662
.....
34734
34735
34736
34737
34738
34739
34740
34741
34742
34743
34744
34745
34746
34747
34748
.....
34800
34801
34802
34803
34804
34805
34806

34807
34808
34809
34810
34811
34812
34813
34814
.....
34977
34978
34979
34980
34981
34982
34983
34984
34985
34986
34987
34988
34989
34990
34991
.....
35231
35232
35233
35234
35235
35236
35237
35238
35239
35240
35241
35242
35243
35244
35245
35246
35247

35248
35249
35250
35251
35252
35253
35254
35255
35256
35257
35258
35259
35260
35261
35262
35263
35264
35265
35266
35267
35268
.....
35596
35597
35598
35599
35600
35601
35602
35603
35604
35605
35606
35607
35608
35609
35610
.....
37243
37244
37245
37246
37247
37248
37249
37250
37251
37252
37253
37254
37255
37256
37257
.....
37446
37447
37448
37449
37450
37451
37452
37453
37454
37455
37456
37457
37458
37459
37460
.....
38807
38808
38809
38810
38811
38812
38813
38814
38815
38816
38817
38818
38819
38820
38821
38822
38823
38824
38825
38826
38827
.....
38880
38881
38882
38883
38884
38885
38886
38887
38888
38889
38890
38891
38892
38893
38894
38895
38896
38897
38898
38899
38900
38901
38902
38903
38904
38905
38906
38907
38908
.....
38998
38999
39000
39001
39002
39003
39004

39005
39006
39007
39008
39009
39010
39011
.....
40174
40175
40176
40177
40178
40179
40180
40181
40182
40183
40184
40185
40186
40187
40188
.....
40657
40658
40659
40660
40661
40662
40663
40664
40665
40666
40667
40668
40669
40670
40671
40672
40673
40674
40675
.....
41741
41742
41743
41744
41745
41746
41747
41748
41749

41750
41751
41752
41753
41754
41755
41756
41757
41758
.....
41766
41767
41768
41769
41770
41771
41772
41773
41774
41775
41776
41777
41778
41779
41780
41781
41782
41783
41784
41785
.....
41812
41813
41814
41815
41816
41817
41818
41819
41820
41821


41822
41823
41824
41825
41826
41827
41828
41829
41830
41831
41832
41833
41834
41835
41836
41837
41838
41839
41840
41841
41842
41843
41844
41845
41846
41847
41848
41849
41850
41851
41852
41853
41854
41855
.....
42584
42585
42586
42587
42588
42589
42590
42591
42592
42593
42594
42595
42596
42597
42598
42599
.....
42742
42743
42744
42745
42746
42747
42748
42749
42750
42751
42752
42753
42754
42755
42756
42757
42758
42759
42760
42761
42762
42763
42764
42765
42766
42767
42768
42769
42770
42771
42772
42773
42774
42775
42776
42777
42778
42779
.....
43556
43557
43558
43559
43560
43561
43562
43563
43564
43565
43566
43567
43568
43569
43570
.....
44119
44120
44121
44122
44123
44124
44125
44126
44127
44128
44129
44130
44131
44132
44133
44134
44135
44136
44137
44138
44139
.....
44184
44185
44186
44187
44188
44189
44190
44191
44192
44193
44194
44195
44196
44197
44198
44199
.....
44966
44967
44968
44969
44970
44971
44972

44973
44974
44975
44976
44977
44978
44979
44980
44981
44982
44983
44984
44985
44986
44987
44988
44989
44990
44991
44992
44993
44994
44995
44996
44997
44998
44999
45000
.....
45541
45542
45543
45544
45545
45546
45547















45548
45549
45550
45551
45552
45553
45554
.....
48009
48010
48011
48012
48013
48014
48015
48016
48017
48018
48019
48020
48021
48022
48023
.....
49181
49182
49183
49184
49185
49186
49187



49188
49189
49190
49191
49192
49193
49194
49195
49196
49197
49198
49199
49200
49201
49202
49203
49204
49205
49206
49207
.....
49210
49211
49212
49213
49214
49215
49216
49217
49218
49219
49220
49221
49222
49223
49224
49225
49226
.....
50326
50327
50328
50329
50330
50331
50332
50333
50334
50335
50336
50337
50338
50339
50340
50341
50342
.....
50354
50355
50356
50357
50358
50359
50360
50361
50362
50363
50364
50365
50366
50367
50368
.....
50820
50821
50822
50823
50824
50825
50826
50827
50828
50829
50830
50831
50832
50833
50834
.....
51770
51771
51772
51773
51774
51775
51776
51777
51778
51779


51780
51781
51782

51783

51784
51785
51786
51787
51788
51789
51790
51791
.....
52760
52761
52762
52763
52764
52765
52766
52767
52768
52769
52770
52771
52772
52773
52774
.....
52875
52876
52877
52878
52879
52880
52881
52882
52883
52884
52885
52886
52887
52888
52889
52890
52891
52892
52893
52894
52895
.....
54401
54402
54403
54404
54405
54406
54407
54408
54409
54410
54411
54412
54413
54414
54415

54416
54417
54418
54419
54420
54421
54422
54423
54424
54425
54426
54427
54428
54429
54430
54431
54432
54433
54434
54435
54436
54437
.....
54441
54442
54443
54444
54445
54446
54447
54448
54449
54450
54451
54452
54453
54454
54455
54456
54457
54458
.....
54486
54487
54488
54489
54490
54491
54492
54493
54494
54495
54496
54497
54498
54499
54500
54501
54502

54503
54504
54505
54506
54507
54508
54509
54510
54511
54512
54513
54514
54515
54516
54517
54518
54519
54520
54521
54522
54523
54524
54525
54526
54527
54528
54529
54530
54531
54532
54533
.....
58127
58128
58129
58130
58131
58132
58133






58134
58135
58136
58137
58138
58139
58140
.....
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
60283
60284
60285
60286
60287
.....
60425
60426
60427
60428
60429
60430
60431
60432
60433
60434
60435

60436
60437
60438
60439
60440
60441

60442
60443
60444
60445
60446
60447
60448
60449
60450
60451
60452
60453
60454
60455
60456
60457
60458
60459
60460
60461
60462
60463
60464
60465
60466
60467
60468
60469
60470
60471
60472
60473
60474
60475

60476
60477
60478
60479

60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
60487
60488
60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
60494
60495
60496

60497
60498
60499
60500
60501
60502
60503
60504
60505
.....
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
60622
60623

60624
60625
60626
60627
60628
60629
60630
60631
.....
60653
60654
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659







60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665
60666
.....
60771
60772
60773
60774
60775
60776
60777
60778

60779
60780


60781
60782






60783
60784
60785
60786
60787
60788
60789
60790
60791
.....
61675
61676
61677
61678
61679
61680
61681
61682
61683
61684
61685
61686
61687
61688
61689
61690
61691
61692
.....
62006
62007
62008
62009
62010
62011
62012
62013
62014
62015
62016
62017
62018
62019
62020
62021
62022
62023
62024
62025
62026
62027
62028
62029
62030
62031
62032
62033
62034
62035
62036
62037
62038
62039
62040
62041
62042
62043
62044
62045
62046
62047
62048
62049
62050
62051
62052
62053
62054
62055
62056
.....
62096
62097
62098
62099
62100
62101
62102
62103
62104
62105
62106
62107
62108
62109
62110
.....
62115
62116
62117
62118
62119
62120
62121
62122
62123
62124
62125
62126
62127
62128
62129
62130
62131
.....
62170
62171
62172
62173
62174
62175
62176
62177
62178
62179
62180
62181
62182
62183
62184
62185
62186
.....
62225
62226
62227
62228
62229
62230
62231
62232
62233
62234
62235
62236
62237
62238
62239
.....
62250
62251
62252
62253
62254
62255
62256
62257
62258
62259
62260
62261
62262
62263
62264
62265
.....
62308
62309
62310
62311
62312
62313
62314
62315
62316
62317

62318
62319
62320
62321
62322
62323
62324
62325
62326
62327
.....
62329
62330
62331
62332
62333
62334
62335
62336
62337
62338
62339
62340
62341
62342
62343
.....
62477
62478
62479
62480
62481
62482
62483
62484
62485
62486
62487
62488
62489
62490
62491
62492
62493
62494
62495
62496
62497
62498
62499


62500
62501
62502

62503
62504
62505
62506
62507
62508
62509
62510
62511
62512
62513
62514
62515
62516
62517
62518
62519
.....
63024
63025
63026
63027
63028
63029
63030
63031
63032
63033
63034

63035
63036
63037
63038
63039
63040
63041
.....
63050
63051
63052
63053
63054
63055
63056
63057
63058
63059
63060
63061
63062
63063
63064
63065
63066
63067
63068
63069
63070
63071
63072
63073
63074
63075
63076
63077
63078
63079
63080
63081
63082
63083

63084
63085
63086
63087
63088
63089
63090
63091
63092
63093
63094
63095
.....
63296
63297
63298
63299
63300
63301
63302
63303
63304
63305
63306
63307
63308
63309
63310
.....
63540
63541
63542
63543
63544
63545
63546
63547
63548
63549
63550
63551
63552
63553
63554
63555
63556
63557
63558
63559
63560
63561
.....
63611
63612
63613
63614
63615
63616
63617
63618
63619
63620
63621
63622
63623
63624
63625
63626
63627
63628
63629
63630
63631
63632
63633
63634
63635
63636
63637
63638
63639
63640
63641
63642
63643
63644
63645
63646
.....
63716
63717
63718
63719
63720
63721
63722
63723
63724
63725
63726
63727
63728
63729
63730
63731
63732
63733
63734
63735
63736
63737
63738
63739
63740
63741
63742
63743
63744
63745
63746
63747
63748
63749
63750
63751
63752
63753
63754
63755
63756
63757
.....
63918
63919
63920
63921
63922
63923
63924
63925
63926
63927
63928
63929

63930
63931
63932
63933
63934
63935
63936
63937
63938
63939
63940
63941
63942
63943
63944
63945
63946
63947

63948
63949






63950
63951




63952
63953
63954
63955
63956
63957
63958
63959
63960
63961
63962
63963
63964
63965

63966
63967
63968
63969
63970
63971
63972
63973
63974
63975
63976
.....
64151
64152
64153
64154
64155
64156
64157







64158
64159
64160
64161
64162
64163
64164
.....
64627
64628
64629
64630
64631
64632
64633
64634
64635
64636
64637
64638
64639
64640
64641
64642
64643
.....
64681
64682
64683
64684
64685
64686
64687
64688
64689
64690
64691
64692
64693
64694
64695
64696
64697
.....
64721
64722
64723
64724
64725
64726
64727
64728
64729
64730
64731
64732
64733
64734
64735
.....
64776
64777
64778
64779
64780
64781
64782
64783
64784
64785
64786
64787
64788
64789
64790
64791
64792
64793
64794
64795
64796
64797
.....
64803
64804
64805
64806
64807
64808
64809
64810
64811
64812
64813
64814
64815
64816
64817
.....
65571
65572
65573
65574
65575
65576
65577
65578
65579
65580


65581
65582
65583
65584
65585
65586
65587

65588
65589
65590
65591
65592
65593
65594
.....
66026
66027
66028
66029
66030
66031
66032
66033
66034
66035
66036
66037
66038
66039
66040
66041
66042
66043
66044
66045
66046
66047
66048
66049
66050
66051
66052
66053
66054
66055
66056
.....
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067
66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
.....
66089
66090
66091
66092
66093
66094
66095





















66096
66097
66098
66099
66100
66101
66102
.....
66183
66184
66185
66186
66187
66188
66189

66190
66191
66192
66193
66194
66195
66196
66197
66198
66199
66200
66201
66202
66203
66204
66205
66206
66207
66208
66209
66210
66211
66212
66213
66214
66215
66216
66217
66218
66219
66220
66221
66222
66223
66224
66225
66226
66227
66228
66229
66230
.....
66337
66338
66339
66340
66341
66342
66343
66344
66345
66346
66347
66348
66349
66350
66351
.....
66899
66900
66901
66902
66903
66904
66905

66906
66907






66908
66909
66910
66911
66912
66913
66914
66915
66916
66917
66918
66919
66920
66921
66922
66923
66924
66925
66926
66927
66928
66929
66930
66931
66932









66933
66934
66935
66936
66937
66938
66939
66940
66941
66942
66943
66944
66945
66946
66947
66948
66949
66950
66951
66952
66953
66954
66955
66956
.....
67318
67319
67320
67321
67322
67323
67324
67325
67326
67327
67328
67329
67330


67331
67332
67333
67334
67335
67336
67337
.....
68179
68180
68181
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188

68189
68190
68191
68192
68193
68194
68195
68196
.....
68222
68223
68224
68225
68226
68227
68228
68229
68230
68231
68232
68233
68234
68235
68236
.....
68240
68241
68242
68243
68244
68245
68246
68247
68248
68249
68250
68251
68252
68253
68254
.....
68310
68311
68312
68313
68314
68315
68316
68317
68318
68319
68320
68321
68322
68323
68324
.....
68344
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355
68356
68357
68358
68359
68360
68361
68362
68363
68364
68365
68366
68367
68368
68369
68370
68371
68372
.....
68416
68417
68418
68419
68420
68421
68422
68423
68424
68425
68426
68427
68428
68429
68430
68431
.....
68436
68437
68438
68439
68440
68441
68442
68443
68444
68445
68446
68447
68448
68449
68450
68451
68452
68453
68454
68455
68456
68457
.....
68458
68459
68460
68461
68462
68463
68464
68465
68466
68467
68468
68469
68470
68471
68472
.....
68476
68477
68478
68479
68480
68481
68482
68483
68484
68485
68486
68487
68488
68489
68490
.....
68501
68502
68503
68504
68505
68506
68507
68508
68509
68510
68511
68512
68513
68514
68515
.....
68531
68532
68533
68534
68535
68536
68537
68538
68539
68540
68541
68542
68543
68544
68545
.....
68584
68585
68586
68587
68588
68589
68590
68591
68592
68593
68594
68595
68596
68597
68598
.....
68682
68683
68684
68685
68686
68687
68688
68689
68690
68691
68692
68693
68694
68695
68696
68697
.....
69970
69971
69972
69973
69974
69975
69976
69977
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
69983
69984
.....
70052
70053
70054
70055
70056
70057
70058

70059
70060
70061
70062
70063
70064
70065
70066
70067
70068
70069
70070
70071
70072
70073
70074
70075
70076
70077
70078
70079
70080
70081
70082
70083
70084
70085
70086
70087
70088
70089
70090
70091
70092
70093
70094
.....
70301
70302
70303
70304
70305
70306
70307
70308
70309
70310
70311
70312
70313
70314
70315
70316
70317
70318
70319
70320
70321
70322
70323
70324
70325
70326
.....
70361
70362
70363
70364
70365
70366
70367
70368
70369
70370
70371
70372
70373
70374
70375
.....
70410
70411
70412
70413
70414
70415
70416
70417
70418
70419
70420
70421
70422
70423
70424
.....
70563
70564
70565
70566
70567
70568
70569
70570
70571
70572
70573
70574
70575
70576
70577
.....
70626
70627
70628
70629
70630
70631
70632
70633
70634
70635
70636
70637
70638
70639
70640
70641
70642
70643
70644
70645
70646
70647
70648
70649
70650
70651
70652
.....
70858
70859
70860
70861
70862
70863
70864
70865
70866
70867
70868
70869
70870
70871
70872
70873
70874
.....
70881
70882
70883
70884
70885
70886
70887
70888
70889
70890
70891
70892
70893
70894
70895
70896
70897
.....
71087
71088
71089
71090
71091
71092
71093
71094
71095
71096
71097
71098
71099
71100
71101
.....
71139
71140
71141
71142
71143
71144
71145
71146
71147
71148
71149
71150
71151
71152
71153
.....
71163
71164
71165
71166
71167
71168
71169
71170
71171
71172
71173
71174
71175
71176
71177
.....
71222
71223
71224
71225
71226
71227
71228
71229
71230
71231
71232
71233
71234
71235
71236
.....
71242
71243
71244
71245
71246
71247
71248
71249
71250
71251
71252
71253
71254
71255
71256
.....
71365
71366
71367
71368
71369
71370
71371
71372
71373
71374
71375
71376
71377
71378
71379
.....
71569
71570
71571
71572
71573
71574
71575
71576
71577
71578
71579
71580
71581
71582
71583
.....
71590
71591
71592
71593
71594
71595
71596
71597
71598
71599
71600
71601
71602
71603
71604
.....
71644
71645
71646
71647
71648
71649
71650
71651
71652
71653
71654
71655
71656
71657
71658
.....
71830
71831
71832
71833
71834
71835
71836
71837
71838
71839
71840
71841
71842
71843
71844
71845
.....
72399
72400
72401
72402
72403
72404
72405
72406
72407
72408
72409
72410
72411
72412
72413
.....
73674
73675
73676
73677
73678
73679
73680






73681
73682
73683
73684
73685
73686
73687
.....
74110
74111
74112
74113
74114
74115
74116
74117
74118
74119
74120
74121
74122
74123
74124
74125
74126
74127
74128
74129
74130
74131
74132
74133
74134
74135
74136
.....
74296
74297
74298
74299
74300
74301
74302
74303
74304
74305
74306
74307
74308
74309
74310
74311
74312
74313
74314
74315
74316
74317
74318
74319
74320
74321
74322
74323
.....
74452
74453
74454
74455
74456
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
74463
74464
74465
74466
74467
74468
74469
74470
74471
74472
74473
74474
74475
.....
74592
74593
74594
74595
74596
74597
74598
74599
74600
74601
74602
74603
74604
74605
74606
74607
74608
74609
74610
74611
74612
74613
74614
74615
74616
74617
74618
74619
74620
74621
74622
74623
74624
74625
74626
74627
74628
74629
74630
74631
74632
74633
74634
74635
74636
74637
74638
.....
74725
74726
74727
74728
74729
74730
74731
74732
74733
74734
74735
74736
74737
74738
74739
.....
74791
74792
74793
74794
74795
74796
74797
74798
74799



74800
74801
74802
74803
74804
74805
74806
74807

74808
74809
74810


74811
74812

74813
74814
74815
74816
74817
74818
74819
.....
74896
74897
74898
74899
74900
74901
74902
74903
74904
74905
74906
74907
74908
74909
74910
.....
75023
75024
75025
75026
75027
75028
75029
75030
75031
75032
75033
75034
75035
75036
75037
.....
75071
75072
75073
75074
75075
75076
75077
75078
75079
75080
75081
75082
75083
75084
75085
.....
75097
75098
75099
75100
75101
75102
75103
75104
75105
75106
75107
75108
75109
75110
75111
75112
75113
75114
75115
75116
75117
75118
75119
75120
75121
75122
75123
.....
75127
75128
75129
75130
75131
75132
75133
75134
75135
75136
75137
75138
75139
75140
75141
.....
75252
75253
75254
75255
75256
75257
75258
75259
75260
75261
75262
75263
75264
75265
75266
75267

75268
75269

75270
75271
75272
75273
75274
75275
75276
.....
75431
75432
75433
75434
75435
75436
75437
75438
75439
75440
75441
75442
75443
75444
75445
75446
75447
75448
75449
75450
75451
75452
75453
75454
75455
75456
75457
75458
75459
75460
75461
75462
75463
75464
75465
75466
75467
75468
75469
75470
75471
75472
75473
75474
75475
75476
75477
75478
75479
75480
75481
75482
75483
75484
75485
75486
.....
76397
76398
76399
76400
76401
76402
76403
76404
76405
76406
76407
76408
76409
76410
76411
.....
76756
76757
76758
76759
76760
76761
76762
76763
76764
76765
76766
76767
76768
76769
76770
.....
77075
77076
77077
77078
77079
77080
77081
77082
77083
77084
77085
77086
77087
77088
77089
77090
77091
77092
77093
77094
77095
77096
77097
.....
77125
77126
77127
77128
77129
77130
77131
77132
77133
77134
77135
77136
77137
77138
77139
.....
77170
77171
77172
77173
77174
77175
77176


77177
77178
77179
77180
77181
77182
77183
77184
77185
77186
.....
77196
77197
77198
77199
77200
77201
77202
77203


77204
77205
77206
77207
77208
77209
77210
.....
77212
77213
77214
77215
77216
77217
77218
77219
77220
77221
77222
77223
77224
77225
77226
77227
77228
77229

77230
77231
77232
77233
77234
77235
77236
.....
77239
77240
77241
77242
77243
77244
77245
77246
77247

77248
77249
77250
77251
77252
77253
77254
77255
.....
77280
77281
77282
77283
77284
77285
77286
77287
77288
77289
77290
77291
77292
77293
77294
77295
.....
77841
77842
77843
77844
77845
77846
77847
77848
77849
77850
77851
77852
77853
77854
77855
77856
77857
77858
77859
77860
77861

77862
77863
77864
77865
77866
77867
77868
.....
79277
79278
79279
79280
79281
79282
79283
79284
79285
79286
79287
79288
79289
79290
79291
79292
79293
79294
79295
79296
79297
79298
79299
79300
79301
79302
79303
79304
79305
79306
79307
79308
79309
79310
79311
79312
79313
79314
79315
79316
79317
79318
79319
79320
79321
79322
79323
79324
79325
79326
79327
79328
79329
79330
79331
79332
.....
79336
79337
79338
79339
79340
79341
79342
79343
79344
79345
79346
79347
79348
79349
79350
79351
79352
79353
79354
79355
79356
79357
79358
79359
79360
79361
79362
79363
79364
79365
79366
79367
79368
79369
79370
79371
79372
79373
79374
79375
79376
79377
79378
79379
79380
79381
79382
79383
79384
79385
79386
79387
79388
79389
79390
79391
79392
79393
79394
79395
79396
79397
79398
79399
79400
79401
79402
79403
79404
79405
79406
79407
79408
79409
.....
79580
79581
79582
79583
79584
79585
79586
79587
79588
79589
79590
79591
79592
79593
79594
.....
80582
80583
80584
80585
80586
80587
80588
80589
80590
80591
80592
80593
80594
80595
80596
.....
80997
80998
80999
81000
81001
81002
81003
81004
81005
81006
81007
81008
81009
81010
81011
.....
81057
81058
81059
81060
81061
81062
81063
81064
81065
81066
81067
81068
81069
81070
81071
.....
81217
81218
81219
81220
81221
81222
81223

81224

81225
81226
81227
81228
81229
81230
81231
81232
81233
81234
81235
81236
81237
81238
81239
81240
81241
81242
81243
81244

81245
81246
81247
81248
81249
81250




81251
81252
81253
81254
81255

81256
81257
81258
81259
81260
81261
81262
81263
81264
81265
.....
81434
81435
81436
81437
81438
81439
81440
81441
81442
81443
81444
81445
81446
81447
81448
81449
81450
81451
.....
81841
81842
81843
81844
81845
81846
81847
81848
81849
81850
81851
81852
81853
81854
81855
.....
82878
82879
82880
82881
82882
82883
82884
82885
82886
82887
82888
82889
82890
82891
82892
.....
83722
83723
83724
83725
83726
83727
83728
83729
83730
83731
83732
83733
83734
83735
83736
83737
.....
83774
83775
83776
83777
83778
83779
83780
83781
83782
83783
83784
83785
83786
83787
83788
.....
84018
84019
84020
84021
84022
84023
84024
84025



















84026
84027
84028
84029
84030
84031
84032
.....
84870
84871
84872
84873
84874
84875
84876
84877
84878
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
.....
84910
84911
84912
84913
84914
84915
84916
84917
84918
84919
84920
84921
84922
84923
84924
84925
84926
.....
84963
84964
84965
84966
84967
84968
84969
84970
84971
84972
84973
84974
84975
84976
84977
.....
84985
84986
84987
84988
84989
84990
84991

84992
84993
84994
84995
84996
84997
84998
.....
85030
85031
85032
85033
85034
85035
85036
85037
85038
85039
85040
85041
85042
85043
85044
85045
85046
85047
85048
85049
.....
85181
85182
85183
85184
85185
85186
85187
85188
85189
85190
85191
85192
85193
85194
85195
85196
85197
85198
85199
85200
85201
85202
.....
85245
85246
85247
85248
85249
85250
85251
85252
85253
85254
85255
85256
85257
85258
85259
.....
85344
85345
85346
85347
85348
85349
85350
85351
85352
85353
85354
85355
85356
85357
85358
.....
85362
85363
85364
85365
85366
85367
85368
85369
85370
85371
85372
85373


85374
85375
85376
85377
85378
85379
85380
.....
85422
85423
85424
85425
85426
85427
85428
85429
85430


85431
85432
85433
85434
85435
85436
85437
.....
85674
85675
85676
85677
85678
85679
85680
85681
85682
85683
85684
85685
85686
85687
85688
85689
85690
85691
85692
85693
85694
85695
85696
.....
86301
86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307


86308
86309
86310
86311



86312
86313
86314
86315
86316
86317

86318
86319
86320
86321
86322
86323
86324
86325
86326
86327
86328
.....
87394
87395
87396
87397
87398
87399
87400
87401
87402
87403
87404
87405
87406
87407
87408
87409
87410
87411
87412
87413
87414
87415
87416
87417
87418
87419
87420
87421
87422
87423
87424
87425
87426
87427
87428
87429
87430
87431
87432
87433
87434
87435
87436
87437
87438
87439
87440
87441
87442
87443
87444
87445
87446
87447
87448
87449
87450
87451
87452
87453
87454
87455
87456
87457
87458
87459
87460
.....
87705
87706
87707
87708
87709
87710
87711
87712
87713
87714
87715
87716
87717
87718
87719
.....
88364
88365
88366
88367
88368
88369
88370




88371
88372
88373
88374
88375
88376
88377
.....
88552
88553
88554
88555
88556
88557
88558
88559
88560
88561
88562
88563
88564
88565
88566
.....
89619
89620
89621
89622
89623
89624
89625
89626
89627
89628
89629
89630
89631
89632
89633
89634
89635
89636
.....
90013
90014
90015
90016
90017
90018
90019
90020
90021
90022
90023
90024
90025
90026
90027
90028
90029
.....
91810
91811
91812
91813
91814
91815
91816
91817
91818
91819
91820
91821
91822
91823
91824
91825
91826
91827
91828
91829
91830
91831
91832
91833
91834
91835
.....
91842
91843
91844
91845
91846
91847
91848
91849
91850
91851
91852
91853
91854
91855
91856
.....
91912
91913
91914
91915
91916
91917
91918
91919
91920
91921
91922
91923
91924
91925
91926
.....
91942
91943
91944
91945
91946
91947
91948

91949
91950
91951
91952
91953
91954
91955
91956
91957

91958
91959
91960
91961
91962
91963
91964
91965
91966
91967
91968
.....
92056
92057
92058
92059
92060
92061
92062
92063
92064
92065
92066
92067
92068
92069
92070
.....
92078
92079
92080
92081
92082
92083
92084
92085
92086
92087
92088
92089
92090
92091
92092
92093
92094
.....
92237
92238
92239
92240
92241
92242
92243
92244
92245
92246
92247
92248
92249
92250
92251
.....
92994
92995
92996
92997
92998
92999
93000
93001
93002
93003
93004
93005
93006
93007
93008
93009
93010
93011
93012
93013
93014
93015
.....
93657
93658
93659
93660
93661
93662
93663
93664
93665
93666
93667
93668
93669
93670
93671
93672
93673
93674
93675
93676
93677
93678
93679
93680
93681
93682
93683
93684
93685
93686
93687
93688
93689
93690
93691
93692
93693
93694
93695
93696
93697
93698
93699
.....
93907
93908
93909
93910
93911
93912
93913
93914
93915
93916
93917
93918
93919
93920
93921
93922
93923
93924
93925
93926
93927
93928
93929
93930
93931
93932
93933
93934
93935
93936
93937
93938
93939
93940
93941
93942
93943
93944
93945
93946
93947
93948
.....
93954
93955
93956
93957
93958
93959
93960
93961
93962
93963
93964
93965
93966
93967
93968
93969
93970
.....
93977
93978
93979
93980
93981
93982
93983
93984
93985
93986
93987
93988
93989
93990
93991
93992
93993
93994
93995
93996
93997
.....
94009
94010
94011
94012
94013
94014
94015
94016
94017
94018
94019
94020
94021
94022
94023
.....
94556
94557
94558
94559
94560
94561
94562
94563
94564
94565
94566
94567
94568
94569
94570
94571
94572
94573
94574
94575
94576
94577
94578
.....
94745
94746
94747
94748
94749
94750
94751
94752
94753
94754
94755
94756
94757
94758
94759
94760

94761
94762
94763
94764
94765
94766
94767
.....
95095
95096
95097
95098
95099
95100
95101
95102
95103
95104
95105
95106
95107
95108
95109
.....
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183
95184
95185

95186

95187
95188
95189
95190
95191
95192
95193
.....
95204
95205
95206
95207
95208
95209
95210
95211
95212
95213
95214
95215
95216
95217

95218
95219
95220
95221
95222
95223
95224
95225
95226
.....
95227
95228
95229
95230
95231
95232
95233
95234
95235
95236
95237
95238
95239
95240
95241
95242
95243
95244
95245
95246
95247
95248
95249
95250












95251
95252
95253









95254
95255
95256
95257
95258
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
.....
95545
95546
95547
95548
95549
95550
95551
95552
95553
95554
95555
95556
95557
95558
95559
95560
95561
95562
95563
95564
95565
95566
95567
95568
95569
95570
95571
95572
95573
95574
95575
95576
.....
95584
95585
95586
95587
95588
95589
95590











95591
95592
95593
95594
95595
95596
95597
.....
96186
96187
96188
96189
96190
96191
96192
96193
96194
96195
96196
96197
96198
96199
96200
.....
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
96213
96214
96215
96216
96217
96218
96219
96220
96221
96222
.....
96403
96404
96405
96406
96407
96408
96409
96410
96411
96412
96413
96414
96415
96416
96417
96418
96419
96420
96421
96422
.....
96578
96579
96580
96581
96582
96583
96584
96585
96586
96587
96588
96589
96590
96591
96592
.....
97270
97271
97272
97273
97274
97275
97276
97277
97278
97279
97280
97281
97282
97283
97284
97285
97286
97287
97288
97289
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295
97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
.....
97306
97307
97308
97309
97310
97311
97312

97313
97314
97315
97316
97317
97318
97319
97320
97321




97322
97323
97324

97325

97326
97327
97328
97329
97330
97331
97332
.....
98005
98006
98007
98008
98009
98010
98011
98012
98013
98014
98015
98016
98017
98018
98019
.....
98020
98021
98022
98023
98024
98025
98026
98027
98028
98029
98030
98031
98032
98033
98034
98035
.....
98215
98216
98217
98218
98219
98220
98221
98222
98223
98224
98225
98226
98227
98228
98229
98230
98231
.....
98424
98425
98426
98427
98428
98429
98430
98431

98432
98433
98434
98435




98436
98437
98438
98439
98440
98441

98442
98443
98444
98445
98446
98447
98448
.....
98803
98804
98805
98806
98807
98808
98809
98810

98811



98812
98813
98814
98815
98816
98817
98818
.....
98841
98842
98843
98844
98845
98846
98847
98848

98849



98850
98851
98852
98853
98854
98855
98856
......
100108
100109
100110
100111
100112
100113
100114

100115
100116
100117
100118
100119
100120
100121
100122
100123
100124
100125
100126
100127
......
100354
100355
100356
100357
100358
100359
100360
100361
100362
100363
100364

100365
100366
100367
100368
100369
100370
100371
......
100515
100516
100517
100518
100519
100520
100521
100522
100523
100524
100525
100526
100527
100528
100529
......
100647
100648
100649
100650
100651
100652
100653
100654
100655
100656
100657
100658
100659
100660
100661
......
100668
100669
100670
100671
100672
100673
100674
100675
100676
100677
100678
100679
100680
100681
100682
......
100708
100709
100710
100711
100712
100713
100714
100715
100716
100717
100718
100719
100720
100721
100722
......
100731
100732
100733
100734
100735
100736
100737
100738
100739
100740
100741
100742
100743

100744
100745
100746
100747
100748

100749
100750
100751
100752
100753
100754
100755
100756
100757
100758
100759
100760
100761
100762
100763
100764
100765
100766
100767
100768
100769
100770
100771
......
100790
100791
100792
100793
100794
100795
100796
100797
100798
100799
100800
100801
100802
100803
100804
100805
100806
......
100872
100873
100874
100875
100876
100877
100878
100879
100880
100881

100882
100883
100884
100885
100886
100887
100888
100889
......
101156
101157
101158
101159
101160
101161
101162
101163
101164
101165
101166
101167
101168
101169
101170
101171
......
102516
102517
102518
102519
102520
102521
102522
102523
102524
102525
102526
102527
102528
102529
102530
......
102895
102896
102897
102898
102899
102900
102901
102902
102903
102904
102905
102906
102907
102908
102909
......
102967
102968
102969
102970
102971
102972
102973
102974
102975
102976
102977
102978
102979
102980
102981
......
103436
103437
103438
103439
103440
103441
103442
103443
103444
103445
103446
103447
103448
103449
103450
......
104501
104502
104503
104504
104505
104506
104507
104508
104509
104510
104511
104512
104513
104514
104515
104516
......
104804
104805
104806
104807
104808
104809
104810
104811
104812
104813
104814
104815
104816
104817
104818
104819
104820
104821
104822
104823
104824
104825
104826
104827
104828
104829
104830
104831
104832
104833
104834
104835
104836
104837
104838
104839
104840
104841
104842
104843
104844
104845
104846
104847
104848
104849
104850
104851
104852
104853
104854
104855
104856
104857
104858
104859
104860
104861
104862
104863
104864
104865
104866
104867
104868
104869
104870
104871
104872
104873
104874
104875
104876
104877
104878
104879
104880
104881
104882
104883
104884
104885
104886
104887
104888
104889
104890
104891
104892
104893
104894
104895
104896
104897
104898
104899
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904
104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
104913
104914
104915
104916
104917
104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
104924
104925
104926
104927
104928
104929
104930
104931
104932
104933
104934
104935
104936
104937
104938
104939
104940
104941
104942
104943
104944
104945
104946
104947
104948
104949
104950
104951
104952
104953
104954
104955
104956
104957
104958
104959
104960
104961
104962
104963
104964
104965
104966
104967
104968
104969
104970
104971
104972
104973
104974
104975
104976
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
104982
104983
104984
104985
104986
104987
104988
104989
104990
104991
104992
104993
104994
104995
104996
......
105010
105011
105012
105013
105014
105015
105016
105017
105018
105019
105020
105021
105022
105023
105024
105025
105026
......
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041

105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
105048
......
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072
105073
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
105084
105085
105086
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099
105100
105101
105102
105103
105104

105105
105106

105107
105108
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
......
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
105174
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
105197
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213

105214
105215
105216
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
......
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
105264
105265
105266
105267
105268
105269
105270
105271
105272
105273
105274
105275
105276
105277
105278
105279
105280
105281
105282
105283
105284
105285
105286
105287
105288
105289
105290
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326
105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
105333
105334
105335
105336
105337
105338
105339
105340
105341
105342
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
105348
105349
105350
105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
105362
105363
105364
105365
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376

105377
105378
105379
105380
105381
105382
105383
......
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
105410
105411
105412
......
105436
105437
105438
105439
105440
105441
105442
105443
105444
105445
105446
105447
105448
105449
105450
105451
105452
105453
......
105479
105480
105481
105482
105483
105484
105485
105486
105487
105488
105489
105490
105491
105492
105493
105494
105495
105496
105497
105498
105499
105500
105501
105502
105503
105504
105505
105506
105507
105508
105509
105510
105511
105512
105513
105514
105515
105516
105517
105518
......
105524
105525
105526
105527
105528
105529
105530
105531
105532
105533









105534
105535
105536
105537
105538
105539
105540
......
105580
105581
105582
105583
105584
105585
105586
105587







105588
105589
105590
105591
105592
105593
105594
......
105600
105601
105602
105603
105604
105605
105606
105607
105608
105609

105610
105611
105612
105613
105614
105615
105616
......
105658
105659
105660
105661
105662
105663
105664
105665
105666
105667
105668
105669
105670
105671
105672
105673
105674
105675
105676
105677
105678
105679
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
105689
105690
105691
105692
105693
105694
105695
105696
105697
105698
105699
105700
105701
105702
105703
105704
105705
105706
105707
105708
105709
105710
105711
105712
105713
105714
105715
105716
105717
105718
105719
105720
105721
105722
105723
105724
105725
105726
105727
105728
105729
105730
105731
105732
105733
105734
105735
105736
105737
105738
105739
105740
105741
105742
105743
105744
105745
105746
105747
105748
105749
105750
105751
105752
105753
105754
105755
105756
105757
105758
105759
105760
105761
105762
105763
105764
105765
105766
105767
105768
105769
105770
105771
105772
105773
105774
105775
105776
105777
105778
105779
105780
105781
105782
105783
105784
105785
105786
105787
105788
105789
105790
105791
105792
105793
105794
105795
......
105814
105815
105816
105817
105818
105819
105820
105821
105822
105823







105824









105825
105826
105827





105828
105829
105830

























105831

105832
105833
105834






















105835
105836
105837
105838
105839
105840
105841
105842


105843
105844
105845
105846
105847
105848
105849
......
105899
105900
105901
105902
105903
105904
105905
105906
105907
105908
105909
105910
105911
105912
105913
......
106041
106042
106043
106044
106045
106046
106047
106048
106049
106050
106051
106052
106053
106054
106055
106056
106057
106058
......
106067
106068
106069
106070
106071
106072
106073
106074
106075
106076
106077
106078

106079
106080
106081
106082
106083
106084
106085
......
106090
106091
106092
106093
106094
106095
106096
106097
106098
106099
106100
106101
106102
106103
106104
......
106116
106117
106118
106119
106120
106121
106122
106123
106124
106125
106126
106127
106128
106129
106130
106131
106132
106133
106134
106135
106136
106137
106138
106139
106140
106141
106142
106143
106144
106145
106146
106147
106148
106149
106150
106151
106152
106153
......
106201
106202
106203
106204
106205
106206
106207
106208
106209
106210
106211
106212
106213
106214
106215
......
106220
106221
106222
106223
106224
106225
106226
106227
106228
106229
106230
106231
106232
106233
106234
......
106254
106255
106256
106257
106258
106259
106260


106261
106262
106263
106264
106265
106266
106267
106268
106269
106270
106271
106272
106273
106274
106275
106276
106277
106278
106279
106280
106281
......
106316
106317
106318
106319
106320
106321
106322
106323
106324
106325
106326
106327
106328
106329
106330
106331
106332
106333
106334
106335
106336
106337
106338
106339
106340
106341
106342
106343
106344
106345
106346
106347
106348
......
106495
106496
106497
106498
106499
106500
106501
106502


106503
106504
106505
106506
106507
106508
106509
......
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
106590
......
106611
106612
106613
106614
106615
106616
106617
106618
106619



106620
106621
106622
106623
106624
106625
106626
......
106642
106643
106644
106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652


106653
























































106654


106655
106656
106657
106658
106659
106660
106661
106662
106663
106664
106665
106666
106667
106668
......
106710
106711
106712
106713
106714
106715
106716
106717
106718
106719
106720
106721

106722
106723
106724
106725
106726
106727
106728
106729
106730
106731
106732
106733
106734
106735
106736
106737
106738
106739
106740
106741
106742
106743
106744
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755
106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
106762
106763
106764
106765
106766
106767
106768
106769
106770
106771
106772
106773
106774
106775
106776
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
106783
106784
106785
106786
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
106793
106794
106795
106796
106797
106798
106799
106800
106801
106802
......
106826
106827
106828
106829
106830
106831
106832





































































































106833
106834
106835
106836
106837
106838
106839
......
106841
106842
106843
106844
106845
106846
106847
106848
106849
106850
106851
106852
106853
106854












































































106855
106856
106857
106858
106859
106860
106861
......
106877
106878
106879
106880
106881
106882
106883
106884
106885
106886
106887
106888
106889
106890
106891
106892
106893
106894
106895
106896
106897
106898
106899
106900
106901
106902
106903
106904
106905
106906
106907
106908
106909
106910
106911
106912
106913
106914
106915
106916
106917
106918
106919
106920
106921
106922
106923
106924
106925
106926
106927
106928
106929
106930
106931
106932
106933
106934
106935
106936
106937
106938
106939
106940
106941
106942
106943
106944
106945
106946
106947
106948
106949
106950
106951
106952
106953
106954
106955
106956
106957
106958
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965
106966
106967
106968
106969
106970
106971
106972
106973
106974
106975
106976
106977
106978
106979
106980
106981
106982
106983
106984
106985
106986
106987
106988
106989
106990
106991
106992
106993
106994
106995
106996
106997
106998
106999
107000
107001
107002
107003
107004
107005
107006
107007
107008
107009
107010
107011
107012
107013
107014
107015
107016
......
107021
107022
107023
107024
107025
107026
107027
107028
107029
107030
107031
107032
107033
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
107039
107040
107041
107042


107043
107044
107045
107046
107047
107048
107049
......
107071
107072
107073
107074
107075
107076
107077

107078
107079
107080
107081
107082
107083
107084
......
107126
107127
107128
107129
107130
107131
107132
107133
107134
107135
107136
107137
107138
107139
107140
107141
......
107142
107143
107144
107145
107146
107147
107148

107149
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
107155
......
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
107173
107174
107175








































































































































































































107176
107177
107178
107179
107180
107181
107182
......
107255
107256
107257
107258
107259
107260
107261
107262
107263
107264
107265

107266
107267
107268
107269
107270
107271
107272
......
107359
107360
107361
107362
107363
107364
107365
107366
107367
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
......
107411
107412
107413
107414
107415
107416
107417
107418
107419
107420
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428
107429
107430
107431
......
107449
107450
107451
107452
107453
107454
107455
107456
107457
107458
107459
107460
107461
107462
107463
107464
107465
107466
107467
107468
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
107475
107476
107477
107478
107479
107480
107481
107482
107483
107484
107485
107486
107487
......
107499
107500
107501
107502
107503
107504
107505
107506
107507
107508
107509
107510
107511
107512
107513
......
107518
107519
107520
107521
107522
107523
107524
107525
107526
107527
107528
107529
107530
107531
107532
......
107548
107549
107550
107551
107552
107553
107554
107555
107556
107557
107558
107559
107560
107561
107562
107563
107564
107565
107566
107567
107568
107569
107570
107571
107572
107573
107574
107575









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































107576
107577
107578
107579
107580
107581
107582
......
107585
107586
107587
107588
107589
107590
107591



107592
107593
107594
107595
107596
107597
107598
......
107664
107665
107666
107667
107668
107669
107670
107671
107672
107673
107674
107675
107676
107677
107678
......
107682
107683
107684
107685
107686
107687
107688
107689
107690
107691
107692
107693
107694
107695


107696
107697
107698
107699
107700
107701
107702
107703
107704
107705
107706
107707
107708
107709
107710
107711
107712
107713
107714
107715
107716
......
107772
107773
107774
107775
107776
107777
107778
107779

107780
107781
107782
107783
107784
107785

107786
107787
107788
107789
107790
107791
107792
107793

107794
107795
107796
107797
107798
107799
107800
107801
107802
107803
107804
107805
107806
107807
107808
107809
107810
107811
107812
107813
107814
107815
107816
107817

107818
107819
107820
107821
107822
107823
107824
107825
107826
107827
107828
107829
......
107883
107884
107885
107886
107887
107888
107889
107890

107891
107892
107893
107894
107895
107896
107897
107898
107899
107900
107901
107902
107903
107904
107905
107906
107907
107908
107909
107910
107911
107912
107913
107914
107915
107916
107917
107918
107919
107920
107921
......
107930
107931
107932
107933
107934
107935
107936

107937
107938
107939
107940

107941
107942
107943
107944
107945
107946
107947
107948
107949

107950
107951
107952
107953
107954
107955
107956
107957
107958
107959
107960
107961
107962
107963
107964
107965
107966
107967
107968
107969
107970
107971
107972
107973
107974
107975
107976
107977
107978
107979
107980
107981
107982
107983
107984
107985
107986
107987
107988
107989

107990

107991
107992
107993






107994
107995
107996
107997
107998
107999
108000
108001
......
108003
108004
108005
108006
108007
108008
108009

108010
108011
108012
108013
108014
108015
108016
108017
108018
108019
108020
108021
108022
108023
108024
108025
108026
108027
108028
108029
108030
108031
108032
108033
108034
108035
108036
108037
108038

108039
108040
108041
108042
108043
108044
108045
108046
108047
108048
......
108071
108072
108073
108074
108075
108076
108077
108078
108079
108080
108081
108082
108083

108084




108085
108086
108087
108088
108089


108090

108091
108092
108093
108094
108095
108096
108097
108098

108099



108100
108101
108102
108103
108104

108105
108106


108107
108108
108109
108110
108111
108112
108113
108114
108115
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120
108121
108122
108123
108124
108125
108126
108127
108128

108129
108130
108131
108132
108133
108134
108135
108136
108137
108138
108139
108140
108141
108142
108143
108144
108145
108146
108147
108148
108149
108150
108151
108152
108153
108154
108155
108156
108157
108158
108159
108160
108161
108162
108163
108164
......
108173
108174
108175
108176
108177
108178
108179
108180
108181
108182
108183
108184
108185
108186
108187
108188
108189
108190
108191
108192
108193
108194
108195
108196
108197
108198
108199
108200
108201
108202
108203
108204
108205
108206
108207
108208
108209
108210
108211
108212
108213



108214

108215
108216
108217
108218
108219
108220
108221
108222
108223
108224
108225
108226
108227
108228
108229
108230
......
108262
108263
108264
108265
108266
108267
108268
108269
108270
108271
108272
108273
108274
108275
108276
108277
......
108279
108280
108281
108282
108283
108284
108285
108286
108287

108288
108289
108290
108291
108292
108293
108294
108295
108296
108297
108298
108299
108300
108301
108302
108303
108304
108305
108306
108307
108308
108309
108310
108311
108312
108313
108314
108315
108316
108317
108318
108319
108320
108321
108322
108323
108324


108325
108326
108327
108328
108329
108330
108331
108332
108333
108334
108335
108336
108337
108338
108339
108340
108341
108342
108343
108344
108345
108346
108347
108348
......
108359
108360
108361
108362
108363
108364
108365
108366
108367
108368
108369
108370
108371
108372
108373
......
108401
108402
108403
108404
108405
108406
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
108412
108413
108414
108415
108416
108417
108418
......
108424
108425
108426
108427
108428
108429
108430
108431
108432
108433
108434
108435
108436
108437
108438
108439
108440
......
108445
108446
108447
108448
108449
108450
108451
108452
108453
108454
108455
108456
108457
108458
108459
108460
108461
108462
108463
108464
108465
108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
108474
108475
108476
......
108515
108516
108517
108518
108519
108520
108521
108522
108523
108524
108525
108526
108527
108528
108529
......
108531
108532
108533
108534
108535
108536
108537
108538
108539
108540
108541
108542
108543
108544
108545
108546
108547
108548
......
108556
108557
108558
108559
108560
108561
108562
108563
108564
108565
108566
108567
108568
108569
108570
......
108581
108582
108583
108584
108585
108586
108587
108588
108589
108590
108591
108592
108593
108594
108595
108596
108597
108598
108599
108600
......
108606
108607
108608
108609
108610
108611
108612
108613
108614
108615
108616
108617
108618
108619
108620
108621
108622
108623
108624
108625
108626
......
108641
108642
108643
108644
108645
108646
108647
108648
108649
108650
108651
108652
108653
108654
108655
108656
108657
108658
108659
108660
108661
108662
108663
108664
108665
108666
108667
108668
108669
108670
108671
108672
108673
108674
108675
108676
108677
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
108683
108684
108685

108686
108687
108688
108689
108690
108691
108692
108693
108694




108695
108696
108697
108698
108699
108700
108701
108702
108703
108704
108705
......
108718
108719
108720
108721
108722
108723
108724
108725
108726

108727
108728
108729
108730
108731
108732
108733
108734
108735
108736
108737
108738
108739
108740
108741
108742
108743
108744
108745
108746
108747
108748
108749
108750
108751
108752
108753
108754
108755
108756
108757
108758
108759
108760
108761
108762
108763
108764
108765
......
108768
108769
108770
108771
108772
108773
108774
108775
108776
108777
108778
108779
108780
108781
108782
108783
108784
108785
108786
108787
108788
108789
108790
108791
108792
108793
108794
108795
108796
108797
108798
108799
108800
108801
108802
108803
108804
108805
108806
108807
108808
108809
108810
108811
108812
108813
108814
108815
108816
108817
108818
108819


108820
108821
108822
108823
108824
108825
108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
108833
108834
108835
108836
108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
108844
108845
108846
108847
108848
108849
108850
108851
108852
108853
108854
108855
108856
108857
108858
108859
108860
108861
108862
108863
108864
108865
108866
108867
108868
108869
108870
108871
108872
108873
108874
108875
108876
108877
108878
108879
108880
108881
108882
108883
108884
108885
108886
108887
108888
108889
108890
108891
108892
108893
108894
108895
108896
108897
108898
108899
108900
108901
108902
108903
108904
108905
108906
108907
108908
108909
108910
108911
108912
108913
108914
108915
108916
108917
108918
108919
108920
108921
108922
108923
108924
108925
108926
108927
108928
108929
108930
108931
108932
108933
108934
108935
108936
108937
108938
108939
108940
108941
108942
108943
108944
108945
108946
108947
108948
108949
108950
108951
108952
108953
108954
108955
108956
108957
108958
108959
108960
108961
108962
108963
108964
108965
108966
108967
108968
108969
108970
108971
108972
108973
108974
108975
108976
108977
108978
108979
108980
108981
108982
108983
108984
108985
108986
108987
108988
108989
108990
108991
108992
108993
108994
108995
108996
108997
108998
108999
109000
109001
109002
109003
109004
109005
109006
109007
109008
109009
109010
109011
109012
109013
109014
109015
109016
109017
109018
109019
109020
109021
109022
109023
109024
109025
109026
109027
109028
109029
109030
109031
109032
109033
109034
109035
109036
109037
109038
109039
109040
109041
109042
109043
109044
109045
109046
109047
109048
109049
109050
109051
109052
109053
109054
109055
109056
109057
109058
109059
109060
109061
109062
109063
109064
109065
109066
109067
109068
109069
109070
109071
109072
109073
109074
109075
109076
109077
109078
109079
109080
109081
109082
109083
109084
109085
109086
109087
109088
109089
109090
109091
109092
109093
109094
109095
109096
109097
109098
109099
109100
109101
109102
109103
109104
109105
109106
109107
109108
109109
109110
109111
109112
109113
109114
109115
109116
109117
109118
109119
109120
109121
109122
109123
109124
109125
109126
109127
109128
109129
109130
109131
109132
109133
109134
109135
109136
109137
109138
109139
109140
109141
109142
109143
109144
109145
109146
109147
109148
109149
109150
109151
109152
109153
109154
109155
109156
109157
109158
109159
109160
109161
109162
109163
109164
109165
109166
109167
109168
109169
109170
109171
109172
109173
109174
109175
109176
109177
109178
109179
109180
109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
109186
109187
109188
109189
109190
109191
109192
109193
109194
109195
109196
109197
109198
109199
109200
109201
109202
109203
109204
109205
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
109221
109222
109223
109224
109225
109226
109227
109228
109229
109230
109231
109232
109233
109234
109235
109236
109237
109238
109239
109240
109241
109242
109243
109244
109245
109246
109247
109248
109249
109250
109251
109252
109253
109254
109255
109256
109257
109258
109259
109260
109261
109262
109263
109264
109265
109266
109267
109268
109269
109270
109271
109272
109273
109274
109275
109276
109277

109278
109279
109280
109281
109282
109283
109284
109285
109286
109287
109288
109289
109290
109291
109292
109293
109294
109295
109296
109297
109298
109299
109300
109301
109302
109303
109304
109305
109306
109307
109308
109309
109310
109311
109312
109313
109314
109315
109316
109317
109318
109319
109320
109321
109322
109323
109324
109325
109326
109327
109328
109329
109330
109331
109332
109333
109334
109335
109336
109337
109338
109339
109340
109341
109342
109343
109344
109345
109346
109347
109348
109349
109350
109351
109352
109353
109354
109355
109356
109357
109358
109359
109360
109361
109362
109363
109364
109365
109366
109367
109368
109369
109370
109371
109372
109373
109374
109375
109376
109377
109378
109379
109380
109381
109382
109383
109384
109385
109386
109387
109388
109389
109390
109391
109392
109393
109394
109395
109396
109397
109398
109399
109400
109401
109402
109403
109404
109405
109406
109407
109408
109409
109410
109411
109412
109413
109414
109415
109416
109417
109418
109419
109420
109421
109422
109423
109424
109425
109426
109427
109428
109429
109430
109431
109432
109433
109434
109435
109436
109437
109438
109439
109440
109441
109442
109443
109444
109445
109446
109447
109448
109449
109450
109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
109458
109459
109460
109461
109462
109463
109464
109465
109466
109467

109468
109469
109470
109471
109472
109473
109474
109475
109476
109477
109478
109479
109480
109481
109482
109483
109484
109485
109486
109487
109488
109489
109490
109491
109492
109493
109494
109495
109496
109497
109498
109499
109500
109501
109502
109503
109504
109505
109506
109507
109508
109509
109510
109511
109512
109513
109514
109515
109516
109517
109518
109519
109520
109521
109522
109523
109524
109525
109526
109527
109528
109529
109530
109531
109532
109533
109534
109535
109536
109537
109538
109539
109540
109541
109542
109543
109544
109545
109546
109547
109548
109549
109550
109551
109552
109553
109554
109555
109556
109557
109558
109559
109560
109561
109562
109563
109564
109565
109566
109567
109568
109569
109570
109571
109572
109573
109574
109575
109576
109577
109578
109579
109580
109581
109582
109583
109584
109585
109586
109587
109588
109589
109590
109591
109592
109593
109594
109595
109596
109597
109598
109599
109600
109601
109602
109603
109604
109605
109606
109607
109608
109609
109610
109611
109612
109613
109614
109615
109616
109617
109618
109619
109620
109621
109622
109623
109624
109625
109626
109627
109628
109629
109630
109631
109632
109633
109634
109635
109636
109637
109638
109639
109640
109641
109642
109643
109644
109645
109646
109647
109648
109649
109650
109651
109652
109653
109654
109655
109656
109657
109658
109659
109660
109661
109662
109663
109664
109665
109666
109667
109668
109669
109670
109671
109672
109673
109674
109675
109676
109677
109678
109679
109680
109681
109682
109683
109684
109685
109686
109687
109688
109689
109690
109691
109692
109693
109694
109695
109696
109697
109698
109699
109700
109701
109702
109703
109704
109705
109706
109707
109708
109709
109710
109711
109712
109713
109714
109715
109716
109717
109718
109719
109720
109721
109722
109723
109724
109725
109726
109727
109728
109729
109730
109731
109732
109733
109734
109735
109736
109737
109738
109739
109740
109741
109742
109743
109744
109745
109746
109747
109748
109749
109750
109751
109752
109753
109754
109755
109756
109757
109758
109759
109760
109761
109762
109763
109764
109765
109766
109767
109768
109769
109770
109771
109772
109773
109774
109775
109776
109777
109778
109779
109780
109781
109782
109783
109784
109785
109786
109787
109788
109789
109790
109791
109792
109793
109794
109795
109796
109797
109798
109799
109800
109801
109802
109803
109804
109805
109806
109807
109808
109809
109810
109811
109812
109813
109814
109815
109816
109817
109818
109819
109820
109821
109822
109823
109824
109825
109826
109827
109828
109829
109830
109831
109832
109833
109834
109835
109836
109837
109838
109839
109840
109841
109842
109843
109844
109845
109846
109847
109848
109849
109850
109851
109852
109853
109854
109855
109856
109857
109858
109859
109860
109861
109862
109863
109864
109865
109866
109867
109868
109869
109870
109871
109872
109873
109874
109875
109876
109877
109878
109879
109880
109881
109882

109883
109884
109885
109886
109887
109888
109889
109890
109891
109892
109893
109894
109895
109896
109897
109898
109899
109900
109901
109902
109903
109904
109905
109906
109907
109908
109909
109910
109911
109912
109913
109914
109915
109916
109917
109918
109919
109920
109921
109922
109923

109924
109925
109926
109927
109928
109929
109930
109931
109932
109933
109934
109935
109936
109937
109938
109939
109940
109941
109942
109943
109944
109945
109946
109947
109948
109949
109950
109951
109952
109953
109954
109955
109956
109957
109958
109959
109960
109961
109962
109963
109964
109965
109966
109967
109968
109969
109970
109971
109972
109973
109974
109975
109976
109977
109978
109979
109980
109981
109982
109983
109984
109985
109986
109987
109988
109989
109990
109991
109992
109993
109994
109995
109996
109997
109998
109999
110000
110001
110002
110003
110004
110005
110006
110007
110008
110009
110010
110011
110012
110013
110014
110015
110016
110017
110018
110019
110020
110021
110022
110023
110024
110025
110026
110027
110028
110029
110030
110031
110032
110033
110034
110035
110036
110037
110038
110039
110040
110041
110042
110043
110044
110045
110046
110047
110048
110049
110050
110051
110052
110053
110054
110055
110056
110057
110058
110059
110060
110061
110062
110063
110064
110065
110066
110067
110068
110069
110070
110071
110072
110073
110074
110075
110076
110077
110078
110079
110080
110081
110082
110083
110084
110085
110086
110087
110088
110089
110090
110091
110092
110093
110094
110095
110096
110097
110098
110099
110100
110101
110102
110103
110104
110105
110106
110107
110108
110109
110110
110111
110112
110113
110114
110115
110116
110117
110118
110119
110120
110121
110122
110123
110124
110125
110126
110127
110128
110129
110130
110131
110132
110133
110134
110135
110136
110137
110138
110139
110140
110141
110142
110143
110144
110145
110146
110147
110148
110149
110150
110151
110152
110153
110154
110155
110156
110157
110158
110159
110160
110161
110162
110163
110164
110165
110166
110167
110168
110169
110170
110171
110172
110173
110174
110175
110176
110177
110178
110179
110180
110181
110182
110183
110184
110185
110186
110187
110188
110189
110190
110191
110192
110193
110194
110195
110196
110197
110198
110199
110200
110201
110202
110203
110204
110205
110206
110207
110208
110209
110210
110211
110212
110213
110214
110215
110216
110217
110218
110219
110220
110221
110222
110223
110224
110225
110226
110227
110228
110229
110230
110231
110232
110233
110234
110235
110236
110237
110238
110239
110240
110241
110242
110243
110244
110245
110246
110247
110248
110249

110250
110251
110252
110253
110254
110255
110256
110257
110258
110259
110260
110261
110262
110263
110264
110265
110266
110267
110268
110269
110270
110271
110272
110273
110274
110275
110276
110277
110278
110279
110280
110281
110282
110283
110284
110285
110286
110287
110288
110289
110290
110291
110292
110293
110294
110295
110296
110297
110298
110299
110300
110301
110302
110303
110304
110305
110306
110307
110308
110309
110310
110311
110312
110313
110314
110315
110316
110317
110318
110319
110320
110321
110322
110323
110324
110325
110326
110327
110328
110329
110330
110331
110332
110333
110334
110335
110336
110337
110338
110339
110340
110341
110342
110343
110344
110345
110346
110347
110348
110349
110350
110351
110352
110353
110354
110355
110356
110357
110358
110359
110360
110361
110362
110363
110364
110365
110366
110367
110368
110369
110370
......
110433
110434
110435
110436
110437
110438
110439
110440
110441
110442
110443









110444
110445
110446
110447
110448
110449
110450
110451
110452
110453
110454
110455
110456
110457
110458
110459
110460
110461
110462

110463
110464
110465
110466
110467
110468

110469
110470
110471
110472
110473
110474
110475
110476
110477
110478
110479
110480
110481
110482
110483
110484
......
110495
110496
110497
110498
110499
110500
110501

110502
110503




110504
110505
110506
110507
110508
110509
110510
110511
110512
110513
110514

110515
110516

110517
110518

110519
110520
110521
110522
110523
110524
110525
110526
110527
110528
110529
110530
110531
110532
110533
110534
110535
110536
110537
110538
110539
110540
110541
110542
110543
110544
110545
110546
110547
110548
110549
110550
110551
110552
110553
110554
110555
110556
110557
110558
......
110581
110582
110583
110584
110585
110586
110587
110588
110589
110590
110591
110592
110593
110594
110595
110596
110597
110598
110599


















110600
110601














110602
110603
110604
110605



110606











































110607











110608



110609
110610
110611
110612
110613
110614
110615
110616
110617
110618

110619









110620
110621
110622
110623
110624
110625




110626
110627
110628
110629
110630
110631
110632
110633
110634
110635
110636


110637








110638
110639

110640
110641
110642
110643
110644
110645

110646





110647
110648
110649


110650
110651
110652












110653
110654
110655
110656
110657
110658
110659
110660
110661
110662
110663
110664

































110665
110666
110667
110668
110669
110670
110671
110672




110673
110674
110675
110676
110677














110678






110679
110680
110681
110682
110683
110684
110685
110686
110687
110688
110689
110690
110691
110692
110693



110694
110695


110696
110697
110698
110699
110700
110701
110702
110703




110704






110705
110706
110707
110708









110709
110710

110711


110712
110713















110714
110715
110716
110717
110718
110719
110720
110721
110722
110723
110724
110725
110726
110727
110728

110729

110730
110731
110732
110733
110734
110735
110736

110737
110738
110739
110740
110741
110742
110743
110744
110745
110746
110747
110748
110749
110750
110751
110752
110753
110754
110755
110756
110757
110758
110759
110760
110761
110762
110763
110764
110765
110766
110767
110768
110769
110770
110771
110772
110773
110774
110775
110776
110777
110778
110779
110780
110781
110782
110783
110784
110785
110786
110787
110788
110789
110790
110791
110792
110793
110794
110795
110796
110797
110798
110799
110800
110801
110802























































110803
110804
110805
110806
110807
110808
110809
......
110816
110817
110818
110819
110820
110821
110822
110823
110824
110825
110826
110827
110828
110829
110830
110831
110832
110833
110834
110835
110836
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
......
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
......
110870
110871
110872
110873
110874
110875
110876
110877
110878
110879
110880
110881
110882
110883
110884
110885
110886
110887
110888
110889
110890
110891
110892
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
110898
110899
110900


110901
110902
110903
110904
110905
110906
110907
110908
110909
110910
110911
110912
110913
110914
110915
110916
110917
110918
110919
110920
......
110922
110923
110924
110925
110926
110927
110928
110929

110930
110931
110932
110933
110934
110935
110936
......
111160
111161
111162
111163
111164
111165
111166
111167
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172
111173
111174
......
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240
111241
111242
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
111255
111256
111257
111258
111259
111260
111261
111262
111263
111264
111265
111266
111267
111268
111269
111270
111271
111272
111273
111274
111275
111276
111277
111278
111279
111280
111281
111282
111283
111284
111285
111286
111287
111288
111289
111290
111291
111292
111293
111294
111295
111296
111297
111298
111299
111300
111301
111302
111303
111304
111305
111306
111307
111308
111309
111310
111311
111312
111313
111314
111315
111316
111317
111318
111319
111320
111321
111322
111323
111324
111325
111326
111327
111328
111329
111330
111331
111332
111333
111334
111335
111336
111337
111338
111339
111340
111341
111342
111343
111344
111345
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351
111352
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366
111367
111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
111374
111375
111376
111377
111378
111379
111380
111381
111382
111383
111384
111385
111386
111387
111388
111389
111390
111391
111392
111393
111394
111395
111396
111397
111398
111399
111400
111401
111402
111403
......
111541
111542
111543
111544
111545
111546
111547
111548
111549
111550
111551
111552
111553
111554
111555
111556
111557
111558
111559
111560
111561
111562
111563
111564
111565
......
111568
111569
111570
111571
111572
111573
111574
111575
111576
111577
111578
111579
111580
111581
111582
111583
111584
111585
111586
111587
111588
111589
111590
111591
111592
111593
111594
111595
111596
111597
111598
111599
111600
111601
111602
111603
111604
111605
111606
111607
111608
111609
111610
111611
111612
111613
111614
111615
......
111622
111623
111624
111625
111626
111627
111628
111629
111630
111631
111632
111633
111634
111635
111636
111637
111638
111639
111640
111641
111642
111643
111644
111645
111646
111647
111648
111649
111650
111651
111652
111653
111654
111655
111656
111657
111658
111659
111660
111661
111662
111663
111664
111665
111666
111667
111668
111669
111670
111671
111672
111673
111674
111675
111676
111677
111678
111679
111680
111681
111682
111683
111684
111685
111686
111687
111688
111689
111690
111691
111692
111693
111694
111695
111696
111697
111698
111699
111700
111701
111702
111703
111704
111705
111706
111707
111708
111709
111710
111711
111712
......
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
......
112889
112890
112891
112892
112893
112894
112895
112896
112897
112898
112899
112900
112901
112902
112903
......
113331
113332
113333
113334
113335
113336
113337
113338
113339
113340
113341
113342
113343
113344
113345
......
113894
113895
113896
113897
113898
113899
113900
113901
113902
113903
113904
113905
113906
113907
113908
113909
113910
113911
113912
......
114824
114825
114826
114827
114828
114829
114830

114831
114832
114833
114834
114835
114836
114837
......
114856
114857
114858
114859
114860
114861
114862

114863
114864
114865
114866
114867
114868
114869
......
115095
115096
115097
115098
115099
115100
115101
115102
115103
115104
115105
115106
115107
115108
115109
......
115717
115718
115719
115720
115721
115722
115723
115724
115725
115726
115727
115728
115729
115730
115731
115732
115733
......
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
115826
115827
115828
115829
115830
115831
115832
115833
......
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
115865
115866
115867
115868
115869
115870
115871
115872
115873
115874
......
116048
116049
116050
116051
116052
116053
116054
116055
116056
116057
116058
116059
116060
116061
116062
116063
......
116068
116069
116070
116071
116072
116073
116074
116075
116076
116077
116078
116079
116080
116081
116082
......
116307
116308
116309
116310
116311
116312
116313
116314
116315
116316
116317
116318
116319
116320
116321
......
116454
116455
116456
116457
116458
116459
116460






116461
116462
116463
116464
116465
116466
116467
......
116507
116508
116509
116510
116511
116512
116513
116514
116515
116516
116517
116518
116519
116520
116521
116522
116523
116524
116525
116526
......
116614
116615
116616
116617
116618
116619
116620
116621
116622
116623
116624
116625
116626
116627
116628
116629
116630
116631
116632
116633
116634
116635
116636

116637
116638
116639
116640
116641
116642
116643
116644
116645
116646
116647
116648
116649
116650
116651
116652
116653
116654
116655
116656
116657
116658
......
116671
116672
116673
116674
116675
116676
116677
116678
116679
116680
116681
116682
116683
116684
116685
......
116706
116707
116708
116709
116710
116711
116712
116713
116714
116715
116716
116717
116718
116719
116720
......
116746
116747
116748
116749
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
116760
......
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
116913
116914
116915
116916
116917
116918
116919
116920
116921
......
117005
117006
117007
117008
117009
117010
117011
117012
117013
117014
117015
117016
117017
117018
117019
......
117586
117587
117588
117589
117590
117591
117592
117593
117594
117595
117596
117597
117598
117599
117600
......
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
117791
117792
117793
117794
117795
117796

117797
117798
117799
117800
117801
117802


117803
117804
117805
117806
117807
117808
117809
117810
117811
......
118061
118062
118063
118064
118065
118066
118067
118068
118069
118070
118071
118072
118073
118074
118075
118076
118077
118078
......
118404
118405
118406
118407
118408
118409
118410


118411
118412
118413
118414
118415
118416
118417
......
119606
119607
119608
119609
119610
119611
119612
119613
119614
119615
119616
119617
119618
119619
119620
......
119891
119892
119893
119894
119895
119896
119897
119898
119899
119900
119901
119902
119903
119904
119905
119906
119907
119908
119909
119910
119911
119912
119913
119914
119915
119916
......
120059
120060
120061
120062
120063
120064
120065
120066
120067
120068
120069
120070
120071
120072
120073
......
120287
120288
120289
120290
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120292
120293

120294
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120298
120299
120300
......
121219
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121234
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121247

121248
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......
121281
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121284
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......
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......
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......
121458
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121471
121472
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......
121482
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......
121542
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121554
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121558
......
121602
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121605
121606
121607
121608
121609
121610
121611
121612
121613
121614
121615
121616
......
123163
123164
123165
123166
123167
123168
123169



123170

123171
123172
123173
123174
123175
123176
123177
......
125514
125515
125516
125517
125518
125519
125520
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125522
125523
125524
125525
125526
125527
125528
125529
125530
125531
......
127021
127022
127023
127024
127025
127026
127027

127028
127029
127030
127031
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127040
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127050
127051
127052
127053
127054
......
128535
128536
128537
128538
128539
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128542
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128544
128545
128546
128547
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......
130002
130003
130004
130005
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130011
130012
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130014



130015
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130019
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130022


130023
130024

130025
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130033
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130039
......
130413
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.0.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
................................................................................
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**



** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
................................................................................
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit

** it.






*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)

#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600







#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
................................................................................
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
................................................................................
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/




#define likely(X)    (X)
#define unlikely(X)  (X)


/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-20 20:25:03 356c6c59311eaf7d5633476f635e94a12b8b3924"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN           (SQLITE_IOERR | (18<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE           (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
** [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()] for
** database connection D.  An example use for this
** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the 
** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the approximate number of 
** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
** invocations of the callback X.  ^If N is less than one then the progress
** handler is disabled.
**
** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
** old one.  ^Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler.
** ^The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less
** than 1.
**
................................................................................
** registered the application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
**
** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved.  An example
** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
** metadata associated with the pattern string.  
** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function.

**
** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
** value to the application-defined function. ^If there is no metadata
** associated with the function argument, this sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface

** returns a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th

** argument of the application-defined function.  ^Subsequent
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
** once, when the metadata is discarded.
** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
** <li> when the corresponding function parameter changes, or

** <li> when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
**      SQL statement, or
** <li> when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same parameter, or
** <li> during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory 
**      allocation error occurs. </ul>)^
**



** Note the last bullet in particular.  The destructor X in 
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns.  Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
**
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for

** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));

................................................................................
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);

/*
** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it.  If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
** database is decrypted.
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
................................................................................
** xEntryPoint() returns an error, the [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
** or [sqlite3_open_v2()] call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail.
**
** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)].  ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully 
** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
** routines.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
................................................................................
** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
** resolved.)^  ^The highwater mark is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 10   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
** to 2147483647.  The number of virtual machine operations can be 
** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP           4

/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque.  It is implemented by
** the pluggable module.  The SQLite core has no knowledge of
** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#if 0
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */

/*
** 2010 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** GCC does not define the offsetof() macro so we'll have to do it
** ourselves.
*/
#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(STRUCTURE,FIELD) ((int)((char*)&((STRUCTURE*)0)->FIELD))
#endif

/*
** Macros to compute minimum and maximum of two numbers.
*/
#define MIN(A,B) ((A)<(B)?(A):(B))
#define MAX(A,B) ((A)>(B)?(A):(B))

/*
** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC.  (Yes, believe it or
** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
*/
#if 'A' == '\301'
# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
#else
................................................................................
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;

typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;


/*
** Defer sourcing vdbe.h and btree.h until after the "u8" and 
** "BusyHandler" typedefs. vdbe.h also requires a few of the opaque
** pointer types (i.e. FuncDef) defined above.
*/
/************** Include btree.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
................................................................................
#define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct Vdbe Vdbe;

/*
** The names of the following types declared in vdbeInt.h are required
** for the VdbeOp definition.
*/

typedef struct Mem Mem;
typedef struct SubProgram SubProgram;

/*
** A single instruction of the virtual machine has an opcode
** and as many as three operands.  The instruction is recorded
** as an instance of the following structure:
................................................................................
  union {             /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */

    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
*/
#define P4_NOTUSED    0   /* The P4 parameter is not used */
#define P4_DYNAMIC  (-1)  /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
#define P4_STATIC   (-2)  /* Pointer to a static string */
#define P4_COLLSEQ  (-4)  /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
#define P4_FUNCDEF  (-5)  /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
#define P4_KEYINFO  (-6)  /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */

#define P4_MEM      (-8)  /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem*    structure */
#define P4_TRANSIENT  0   /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
#define P4_VTAB     (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
................................................................................
** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
*/
/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */
#define OP_Function                             1
#define OP_Savepoint                            2
#define OP_AutoCommit                           3
#define OP_Transaction                          4
#define OP_SorterNext                           5
#define OP_Prev                                 6
#define OP_Next                                 7
#define OP_AggStep                              8
#define OP_Checkpoint                           9
#define OP_JournalMode                         10
#define OP_Vacuum                              11
#define OP_VFilter                             12
#define OP_VUpdate                             13
#define OP_Goto                                14
#define OP_Gosub                               15
#define OP_Return                              16
#define OP_Yield                               17
#define OP_HaltIfNull                          18
#define OP_Not                                 19   /* same as TK_NOT      */
#define OP_Halt                                20
#define OP_Integer                             21
#define OP_Int64                               22


#define OP_String                              23
#define OP_Null                                24
#define OP_Blob                                25
#define OP_Variable                            26
#define OP_Move                                27
#define OP_Copy                                28
#define OP_SCopy                               29
#define OP_ResultRow                           30






#define OP_CollSeq                             31





#define OP_AddImm                              32
#define OP_MustBeInt                           33
#define OP_RealAffinity                        34











#define OP_Permutation                         35
#define OP_Compare                             36
#define OP_Jump                                37




#define OP_Once                                38
#define OP_If                                  39
#define OP_IfNot                               40


#define OP_Column                              41
#define OP_Affinity                            42
#define OP_MakeRecord                          43
#define OP_Count                               44



#define OP_ReadCookie                          45
#define OP_SetCookie                           46
#define OP_VerifyCookie                        47
#define OP_OpenRead                            48
#define OP_OpenWrite                           49
#define OP_OpenAutoindex                       50
#define OP_OpenEphemeral                       51
#define OP_SorterOpen                          52
#define OP_OpenPseudo                          53
#define OP_Close                               54
#define OP_SeekLt                              55
#define OP_SeekLe                              56
#define OP_SeekGe                              57
#define OP_SeekGt                              58
#define OP_Seek                                59
#define OP_NotFound                            60
#define OP_Found                               61
#define OP_IsUnique                            62
#define OP_NotExists                           63
#define OP_Sequence                            64
#define OP_NewRowid                            65
#define OP_Insert                              66
#define OP_InsertInt                           67
#define OP_Or                                  68   /* same as TK_OR       */
#define OP_And                                 69   /* same as TK_AND      */
#define OP_Delete                              70
#define OP_ResetCount                          71
#define OP_SorterCompare                       72
#define OP_IsNull                              73   /* same as TK_ISNULL   */
#define OP_NotNull                             74   /* same as TK_NOTNULL  */
#define OP_Ne                                  75   /* same as TK_NE       */
#define OP_Eq                                  76   /* same as TK_EQ       */
#define OP_Gt                                  77   /* same as TK_GT       */
#define OP_Le                                  78   /* same as TK_LE       */
#define OP_Lt                                  79   /* same as TK_LT       */
#define OP_Ge                                  80   /* same as TK_GE       */
#define OP_SorterData                          81
#define OP_BitAnd                              82   /* same as TK_BITAND   */
#define OP_BitOr                               83   /* same as TK_BITOR    */
#define OP_ShiftLeft                           84   /* same as TK_LSHIFT   */
#define OP_ShiftRight                          85   /* same as TK_RSHIFT   */
#define OP_Add                                 86   /* same as TK_PLUS     */
#define OP_Subtract                            87   /* same as TK_MINUS    */
#define OP_Multiply                            88   /* same as TK_STAR     */
#define OP_Divide                              89   /* same as TK_SLASH    */
#define OP_Remainder                           90   /* same as TK_REM      */
#define OP_Concat                              91   /* same as TK_CONCAT   */
#define OP_RowKey                              92
#define OP_BitNot                              93   /* same as TK_BITNOT   */
#define OP_String8                             94   /* same as TK_STRING   */
#define OP_RowData                             95
#define OP_Rowid                               96
#define OP_NullRow                             97
#define OP_Last                                98
#define OP_SorterSort                          99
#define OP_Sort                               100
#define OP_Rewind                             101



#define OP_SorterInsert                       102
#define OP_IdxInsert                          103
#define OP_IdxDelete                          104
#define OP_IdxRowid                           105
#define OP_IdxLT                              106
#define OP_IdxGE                              107
#define OP_Destroy                            108
#define OP_Clear                              109
#define OP_CreateIndex                        110
#define OP_CreateTable                        111
#define OP_ParseSchema                        112
#define OP_LoadAnalysis                       113
#define OP_DropTable                          114
#define OP_DropIndex                          115
#define OP_DropTrigger                        116
#define OP_IntegrityCk                        117
#define OP_RowSetAdd                          118
#define OP_RowSetRead                         119
#define OP_RowSetTest                         120
#define OP_Program                            121
#define OP_Param                              122
#define OP_FkCounter                          123
#define OP_FkIfZero                           124
#define OP_MemMax                             125
#define OP_IfPos                              126
#define OP_IfNeg                              127
#define OP_IfZero                             128

#define OP_AggFinal                           129



#define OP_Real                               130   /* same as TK_FLOAT    */
#define OP_IncrVacuum                         131
#define OP_Expire                             132
#define OP_TableLock                          133
#define OP_VBegin                             134
#define OP_VCreate                            135
#define OP_VDestroy                           136
#define OP_VOpen                              137

#define OP_VColumn                            138
#define OP_VNext                              139
#define OP_VRename                            140
#define OP_ToText                             141   /* same as TK_TO_TEXT  */
#define OP_ToBlob                             142   /* same as TK_TO_BLOB  */
#define OP_ToNumeric                          143   /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC*/
#define OP_ToInt                              144   /* same as TK_TO_INT   */
#define OP_ToReal                             145   /* same as TK_TO_REAL  */
#define OP_Pagecount                          146
#define OP_MaxPgcnt                           147
#define OP_Trace                              148
#define OP_Noop                               149
#define OP_Explain                            150


................................................................................
#define OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE 0x0002  /* out2-prerelease: */
#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0004  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0008  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0010  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0020  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0040  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*  16 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x10, 0x24, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02,\
/*  24 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x24, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  32 */ 0x04, 0x05, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05,\

/*  40 */ 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11,\
/*  56 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x08, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11,\

/*  64 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  72 */ 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00, 0x24, 0x02, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x08, 0x08,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0c, 0x45,\
/* 120 */ 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08, 0x05, 0x05,\

/* 128 */ 0x05, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
................................................................................

/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerAcquire().
*/
#define PAGER_ACQUIRE_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_ACQUIRE_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */

/*
** Flags for sqlite3PagerSetFlags()
*/
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_OFF       0x01  /* PRAGMA synchronous=OFF */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_NORMAL    0x02  /* PRAGMA synchronous=NORMAL */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_FULL      0x03  /* PRAGMA synchronous=FULL */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK      0x03  /* Mask for three values above */
#define PAGER_FULLFSYNC             0x04  /* PRAGMA fullfsync=ON */
#define PAGER_CKPT_FULLFSYNC        0x08  /* PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync=ON */
#define PAGER_CACHESPILL            0x10  /* PRAGMA cache_spill=ON */
#define PAGER_FLAGS_MASK            0x1c  /* All above except SYNCHRONOUS */

/*
** The remainder of this file contains the declarations of the functions
** that make up the Pager sub-system API. See source code comments for 
** a detailed description of each routine.
*/

/* Open and close a Pager connection. */ 
................................................................................
/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u32*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(Pager *, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerShrink(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetFlags(Pager*,unsigned);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(Pager *, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_backup **sqlite3PagerBackupPtr(Pager*);

................................................................................
** in the sqlite.aDb[] array.  aDb[0] is the main database file and
** aDb[1] is the database file used to hold temporary tables.  Additional
** databases may be attached.
*/
struct Db {
  char *zName;         /* Name of this database */
  Btree *pBt;          /* The B*Tree structure for this database file */

  u8 safety_level;     /* How aggressive at syncing data to disk */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Pointer to database schema (possibly shared) */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure stores a database schema.
**
................................................................................
  int aLimit[SQLITE_N_LIMIT];   /* Limits */
  struct sqlite3InitInfo {      /* Information used during initialization */
    int newTnum;                /* Rootpage of table being initialized */
    u8 iDb;                     /* Which db file is being initialized */
    u8 busy;                    /* TRUE if currently initializing */
    u8 orphanTrigger;           /* Last statement is orphaned TEMP trigger */
  } init;
  int nVdbeActive;              /* Number of VDBEs currently running */
  int nVdbeRead;                /* Number of active VDBEs that read or write */
  int nVdbeWrite;               /* Number of active VDBEs that read and write */
  int nVdbeExec;                /* Number of nested calls to VdbeExec() */
  int nExtension;               /* Number of loaded extensions */
  void **aExtension;            /* Array of shared library handles */
  void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*);        /* Trace function */
  void *pTraceArg;                          /* Argument to the trace function */
  void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,u64);  /* Profiling function */
  void *pProfileArg;                        /* Argument to profile function */
  void *pCommitArg;                 /* Argument to xCommitCallback() */   
................................................................................
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
                                /* Access authorization function */
  void *pAuthArg;               /* 1st argument to the access auth function */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  int (*xProgress)(void *);     /* The progress callback */
  void *pProgressArg;           /* Argument to the progress callback */
  unsigned nProgressOps;        /* Number of opcodes for progress callback */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nVTrans;                  /* Allocated size of aVTrans */
  Hash aModule;                 /* populated by sqlite3_create_module() */
  VtabCtx *pVtabCtx;            /* Context for active vtab connect/create */
  VTable **aVTrans;             /* Virtual tables with open transactions */
  VTable *pDisconnect;    /* Disconnect these in next sqlite3_prepare() */
................................................................................
  BusyHandler busyHandler;      /* Busy callback */
  Db aDbStatic[2];              /* Static space for the 2 default backends */
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;        /* List of active savepoints */
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */
  i64 nDeferredImmCons;         /* Net deferred immediate constraints */
  int *pnBytesFreed;            /* If not NULL, increment this in DbFree() */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER 
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c. 
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
................................................................................
#define ENC(db) ((db)->aDb[0].pSchema->enc)

/*
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
*/
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x00000001  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_InternChanges  0x00000002  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00000004  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00000008  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_CacheSpill     0x00000010  /* OK to spill pager cache */
#define SQLITE_FullColNames   0x00000020  /* Show full column names on SELECT */
#define SQLITE_ShortColNames  0x00000040  /* Show short columns names */
#define SQLITE_CountRows      0x00000080  /* Count rows changed by INSERT, */
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000100  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000200  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000400  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000800  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x00001000  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00002000  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0004000  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00008000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */


#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00010000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00020000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
#define SQLITE_RecTriggers    0x00040000  /* Enable recursive triggers */
#define SQLITE_ForeignKeys    0x00080000  /* Enforce foreign key constraints  */
#define SQLITE_AutoIndex      0x00100000  /* Enable automatic indexes */
#define SQLITE_PreferBuiltin  0x00200000  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define SQLITE_LoadExtension  0x00400000  /* Enable load_extension */
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00800000  /* True to enable triggers */
#define SQLITE_DeferFKs       0x01000000  /* Defer all FK constraints */
#define SQLITE_QueryOnly      0x02000000  /* Disable database changes */


/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
** OP_Savepoint instruction.
*/
struct Savepoint {
  char *zName;                        /* Savepoint name (nul-terminated) */
  i64 nDeferredCons;                  /* Number of deferred fk violations */
  i64 nDeferredImmCons;               /* Number of deferred imm fk. */
  Savepoint *pNext;                   /* Parent savepoint (if any) */
};

/*
** The following are used as the second parameter to sqlite3Savepoint(),
** and as the P1 argument to the OP_Savepoint instruction.
*/
................................................................................
#define OE_Default  99  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
** Note that aSortOrder[] and aColl[] have nField+1 slots.  There
** are nField slots for the columns of an index then one extra slot
** for the rowid at the end.
*/
struct KeyInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the SQLITE_UTF* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Maximum index for aColl[] and aSortOrder[] */
  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* Sort order for each column. */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
** values.
................................................................................
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
typedef u64 Bitmask;

/*
** The number of bits in a Bitmask.  "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
*/
#define BMS  ((int)(sizeof(Bitmask)*8))

/*
** A bit in a Bitmask
*/
#define MASKBIT(n)   (((Bitmask)1)<<(n))

/*
** The following structure describes the FROM clause of a SELECT statement.
** Each table or subquery in the FROM clause is a separate element of
** the SrcList.a[] array.
**
** With the addition of multiple database support, the following structure
** can also be used to describe a particular table such as the table that
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  u8 nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  u8 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
................................................................................
#define JT_NATURAL   0x0004    /* True for a "natural" join */
#define JT_LEFT      0x0008    /* Left outer join */
#define JT_RIGHT     0x0010    /* Right outer join */
#define JT_OUTER     0x0020    /* The "OUTER" keyword is present */
#define JT_ERROR     0x0040    /* unknown or unsupported join type */











































































/*
** Flags appropriate for the wctrlFlags parameter of sqlite3WhereBegin()
** and the WhereInfo.wctrlFlags member.
*/
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL   0x0000 /* No-op */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */




/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()


*/



















#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */

/*
** A NameContext defines a context in which to resolve table and column
................................................................................
** NameContext in the parent query.  Thus the process of scanning the
** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
** subqueries looking for a match.
*/
struct NameContext {
  Parse *pParse;       /* The parser */
  SrcList *pSrcList;   /* One or more tables used to resolve names */
  ExprList *pEList;    /* Optional list of result-set columns */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;   /* Information about aggregates at this level */
  NameContext *pNext;  /* Next outer name context.  NULL for outermost */
  int nRef;            /* Number of names resolved by this context */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
  u8 ncFlags;          /* Zero or more NC_* flags defined below */
};

................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for the NameContext, ncFlags field.
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x01    /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x02    /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x04    /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x08    /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x10    /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */


/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
................................................................................
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u16 selFlags;          /* Various SF_* values */
  int iLimit, iOffset;   /* Memory registers holding LIMIT & OFFSET counters */
  int addrOpenEphm[3];   /* OP_OpenEphem opcodes related to this select */
  u64 nSelectRow;        /* Estimated number of result rows */
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  Select *pNext;         /* Next select to the left in a compound */
................................................................................
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */


/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */
  u8 nTempInUse;       /* Number of aTempReg[] currently checked out */
  u8 nColCache;        /* Number of entries in aColCache[] */
  u8 iColCache;        /* Next entry in aColCache[] to replace */
  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
  u8 hasCompound;      /* Need to invoke convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors seen */
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */
  int iPartIdxTab;     /* Table corresponding to a partial index */
  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    int iColumn;          /* Table column number */
    u8 tempReg;           /* iReg is a temp register that needs to be freed */
    int iLevel;           /* Nesting level */
................................................................................
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
  Parse *pToplevel;    /* Parse structure for main program (or NULL) */
  Table *pTriggerTab;  /* Table triggers are being coded for */
  u32 nQueryLoop;      /* Est number of iterations of a query (10*log2(N)) */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */

  /* Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                          Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RunVacuum(char**, sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3NameFromToken(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngResetState(void);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(Vdbe*, const Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, Trigger *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SchemaClear(void *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CreateFunc(sqlite3 *, const char *, int, int, void *, 
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **), void (*)(sqlite3_context*),
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
................................................................................

/* Opaque type used by code in vdbesort.c */
typedef struct VdbeSorter VdbeSorter;

/* Opaque type used by the explainer */
typedef struct Explain Explain;

/* Elements of the linked list at Vdbe.pAuxData */
typedef struct AuxData AuxData;

/*
** A cursor is a pointer into a single BTree within a database file.
** The cursor can seek to a BTree entry with a particular key, or
** loop over all entries of the Btree.  You can also insert new BTree
** entries or retrieve the key or data from the entry that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.
** 
................................................................................
** Return true if a memory cell is not marked as invalid.  This macro
** is for use inside assert() statements only.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define memIsValid(M)  ((M)->flags & MEM_Invalid)==0
#endif


/*
** Each auxilliary data pointer stored by a user defined function 
** implementation calling sqlite3_set_auxdata() is stored in an instance
** of this structure. All such structures associated with a single VM
** are stored in a linked list headed at Vdbe.pAuxData. All are destroyed
** when the VM is halted (if not before).



*/



struct AuxData {
  int iOp;                        /* Instruction number of OP_Function opcode */
  int iArg;                       /* Index of function argument. */
  void *pAux;                     /* Aux data pointer */
  void (*xDelete)(void *);        /* Destructor for the aux data */

  AuxData *pNext;                 /* Next element in list */
};

/*
** The "context" argument for a installable function.  A pointer to an
** instance of this structure is the first argument to the routines used
** implement the SQL functions.
**
................................................................................
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information.  MUST BE FIRST */

  Mem s;                /* The return value is stored here */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  CollSeq *pColl;       /* Collating sequence */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;          /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;              /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;          /* Skip skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;       /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */
};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {
................................................................................
  u8 minWriteFileFormat;  /* Minimum file format for writable database files */
  bft explain:2;          /* True if EXPLAIN present on SQL command */
  bft inVtabMethod:2;     /* See comments above */
  bft changeCntOn:1;      /* True to update the change-counter */
  bft expired:1;          /* True if the VM needs to be recompiled */
  bft runOnlyOnce:1;      /* Automatically expire on reset */
  bft usesStmtJournal:1;  /* True if uses a statement journal */
  bft readOnly:1;         /* True for statements that do not write */
  bft bIsReader:1;        /* True for statements that read */
  bft isPrepareV2:1;      /* True if prepared with prepare_v2() */
  bft doingRerun:1;       /* True if rerunning after an auto-reprepare */
  int nChange;            /* Number of db changes made since last reset */
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */
  AuxData *pAuxData;      /* Linked list of auxdata allocations */
};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE*, int, Op*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, int, Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
................................................................................
          sqlite3PagerCacheStat(pPager, op, resetFlag, &nRet);
        }
      }
      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nRet;
      break;
    }

    /* Set *pCurrent to non-zero if there are unresolved deferred foreign
    ** key constraints.  Set *pCurrent to zero if all foreign key constraints
    ** have been satisfied.  The *pHighwater is always set to zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS: {
      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = db->nDeferredImmCons>0 || db->nDeferredCons>0;
      break;
    }

    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  ** of each block.  One byte per block.
  */
  u8 *aCtrl;

} mem5;

/*
** Access the static variable through a macro for SQLITE_OMIT_WSD.
*/
#define mem5 GLOBAL(struct Mem5Global, mem5)

/*
** Assuming mem5.zPool is divided up into an array of Mem5Link
** structures, return a pointer to the idx-th such link.
*/
#define MEM5LINK(idx) ((Mem5Link *)(&mem5.zPool[(idx)*mem5.szAtom]))

/*
** Unlink the chunk at mem5.aPool[i] from list it is currently
** on.  It should be found on mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize].
*/
................................................................................
  return iFirst;
}

/*
** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
** Return NULL if unable.  Return NULL if nBytes==0.
**
** The caller guarantees that nByte is positive.
**
** The caller has obtained a mutex prior to invoking this
** routine so there is never any chance that two or more
** threads can be in this routine at the same time.
*/
static void *memsys5MallocUnsafe(int nByte){
  int i;           /* Index of a mem5.aPool[] slot */
................................................................................
    }
    size *= 2;
  }
  memsys5Link(iBlock, iLogsize);
}

/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *memsys5Malloc(int nBytes){
  sqlite3_int64 *p = 0;
  if( nBytes>0 ){
    memsys5Enter();
    p = memsys5MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
    memsys5Leave();
................................................................................
          prefix = '-';
        }else{
          if( flag_plussign )          prefix = '+';
          else if( flag_blanksign )    prefix = ' ';
          else                         prefix = 0;
        }
        if( xtype==etGENERIC && precision>0 ) precision--;





        for(idx=precision, rounder=0.5; idx>0; idx--, rounder*=0.1){}

        if( xtype==etFLOAT ) realvalue += rounder;
        /* Normalize realvalue to within 10.0 > realvalue >= 1.0 */
        exp = 0;
        if( sqlite3IsNaN((double)realvalue) ){
          bufpt = "NaN";
          length = 3;
          break;
................................................................................
          flag_rtz = flag_altform2;
        }
        if( xtype==etEXP ){
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }
        if( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width > etBUFSIZE - 15 ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width+15 );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            pAccum->mallocFailed = 1;
            return;
          }
        }
        zOut = bufpt;
        nsd = 16 + flag_altform2*10;
................................................................................
/************** End of hash.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.c *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodec.awk script for details. */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN) || !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){
 static const char *const azName[] = { "?",
     /*   1 */ "Function",
     /*   2 */ "Savepoint",
     /*   3 */ "AutoCommit",
     /*   4 */ "Transaction",
     /*   5 */ "SorterNext",
     /*   6 */ "Prev",
     /*   7 */ "Next",
     /*   8 */ "AggStep",
     /*   9 */ "Checkpoint",
     /*  10 */ "JournalMode",
     /*  11 */ "Vacuum",
     /*  12 */ "VFilter",
     /*  13 */ "VUpdate",
     /*  14 */ "Goto",
     /*  15 */ "Gosub",
     /*  16 */ "Return",
     /*  17 */ "Yield",
     /*  18 */ "HaltIfNull",
     /*  19 */ "Not",
     /*  20 */ "Halt",
     /*  21 */ "Integer",
     /*  22 */ "Int64",
     /*  23 */ "String",
     /*  24 */ "Null",
     /*  25 */ "Blob",
     /*  26 */ "Variable",
     /*  27 */ "Move",
     /*  28 */ "Copy",
     /*  29 */ "SCopy",
     /*  30 */ "ResultRow",
     /*  31 */ "CollSeq",
     /*  32 */ "AddImm",
     /*  33 */ "MustBeInt",
     /*  34 */ "RealAffinity",
     /*  35 */ "Permutation",
     /*  36 */ "Compare",
     /*  37 */ "Jump",
     /*  38 */ "Once",
     /*  39 */ "If",
     /*  40 */ "IfNot",
     /*  41 */ "Column",
     /*  42 */ "Affinity",
     /*  43 */ "MakeRecord",
     /*  44 */ "Count",
     /*  45 */ "ReadCookie",
     /*  46 */ "SetCookie",
     /*  47 */ "VerifyCookie",
     /*  48 */ "OpenRead",
     /*  49 */ "OpenWrite",
     /*  50 */ "OpenAutoindex",
     /*  51 */ "OpenEphemeral",
     /*  52 */ "SorterOpen",
     /*  53 */ "OpenPseudo",
     /*  54 */ "Close",
     /*  55 */ "SeekLt",
     /*  56 */ "SeekLe",
     /*  57 */ "SeekGe",
     /*  58 */ "SeekGt",
     /*  59 */ "Seek",
     /*  60 */ "NotFound",
     /*  61 */ "Found",
     /*  62 */ "IsUnique",
     /*  63 */ "NotExists",
     /*  64 */ "Sequence",
     /*  65 */ "NewRowid",
     /*  66 */ "Insert",
     /*  67 */ "InsertInt",
     /*  68 */ "Or",
     /*  69 */ "And",
     /*  70 */ "Delete",
     /*  71 */ "ResetCount",
     /*  72 */ "SorterCompare",
     /*  73 */ "IsNull",
     /*  74 */ "NotNull",
     /*  75 */ "Ne",
     /*  76 */ "Eq",
     /*  77 */ "Gt",
     /*  78 */ "Le",
     /*  79 */ "Lt",
     /*  80 */ "Ge",
     /*  81 */ "SorterData",
     /*  82 */ "BitAnd",
     /*  83 */ "BitOr",
     /*  84 */ "ShiftLeft",
     /*  85 */ "ShiftRight",
     /*  86 */ "Add",
     /*  87 */ "Subtract",
     /*  88 */ "Multiply",
     /*  89 */ "Divide",
     /*  90 */ "Remainder",
     /*  91 */ "Concat",
     /*  92 */ "RowKey",
     /*  93 */ "BitNot",
     /*  94 */ "String8",
     /*  95 */ "RowData",
     /*  96 */ "Rowid",
     /*  97 */ "NullRow",
     /*  98 */ "Last",
     /*  99 */ "SorterSort",
     /* 100 */ "Sort",
     /* 101 */ "Rewind",
     /* 102 */ "SorterInsert",
     /* 103 */ "IdxInsert",
     /* 104 */ "IdxDelete",
     /* 105 */ "IdxRowid",
     /* 106 */ "IdxLT",
     /* 107 */ "IdxGE",
     /* 108 */ "Destroy",
     /* 109 */ "Clear",
     /* 110 */ "CreateIndex",
     /* 111 */ "CreateTable",
     /* 112 */ "ParseSchema",
     /* 113 */ "LoadAnalysis",
     /* 114 */ "DropTable",
     /* 115 */ "DropIndex",
     /* 116 */ "DropTrigger",
     /* 117 */ "IntegrityCk",
     /* 118 */ "RowSetAdd",
     /* 119 */ "RowSetRead",
     /* 120 */ "RowSetTest",
     /* 121 */ "Program",
     /* 122 */ "Param",
     /* 123 */ "FkCounter",
     /* 124 */ "FkIfZero",
     /* 125 */ "MemMax",
     /* 126 */ "IfPos",
     /* 127 */ "IfNeg",
     /* 128 */ "IfZero",
     /* 129 */ "AggFinal",
     /* 130 */ "Real",
     /* 131 */ "IncrVacuum",
     /* 132 */ "Expire",
     /* 133 */ "TableLock",
     /* 134 */ "VBegin",
     /* 135 */ "VCreate",
     /* 136 */ "VDestroy",
     /* 137 */ "VOpen",
     /* 138 */ "VColumn",
     /* 139 */ "VNext",
     /* 140 */ "VRename",
     /* 141 */ "ToText",
     /* 142 */ "ToBlob",
     /* 143 */ "ToNumeric",
     /* 144 */ "ToInt",
     /* 145 */ "ToReal",
     /* 146 */ "Pagecount",
     /* 147 */ "MaxPgcnt",
................................................................................
**   *  sqlite3_vfs method implementations.
**   *  Locking primitives for the proxy uber-locking-method. (MacOSX only)
**   *  Definitions of sqlite3_vfs objects for all locking methods
**      plus implementations of sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */








/*
** There are various methods for file locking used for concurrency
** control:
**
**   1. POSIX locking (the default),
**   2. No locking,
**   3. Dot-file locking,
................................................................................
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
      if( newLimit>=0 && newLimit!=pFile->mmapSizeMax && pFile->nFetchOut==0 ){
        pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          unixUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = unixMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
**
** This file contains code that is specific to Windows.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN               /* This file is used for Windows only */

#ifdef __CYGWIN__
# include <sys/cygwin.h>
/* # include <errno.h> */
#endif

/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_win.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
................................................................................

/*
** This file mapping API is common to both Win32 and WinRT.
*/
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) */








/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1) 
#endif

................................................................................
/*
 * The extra flags to use in calls to the Win32 heap APIs.  This value may be
 * zero for the default behavior.
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS     (0)
#endif


/*
** The winMemData structure stores information required by the Win32-specific
** sqlite3_mem_methods implementation.
*/
typedef struct winMemData winMemData;
struct winMemData {
................................................................................
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int winMapfile(winFile*, sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, op=%d, pArg=%p\n", pFile->h, op, pArg));
................................................................................
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
      if( newLimit>=0 && newLimit!=pFile->mmapSizeMax && pFile->nFetchOut==0 ){
        pFile->mmapSizeMax = newLimit;
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          (void)winUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = winMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=%d\n", pFile->h, rc));
      return rc;
    }
#endif
  }
  OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_NOTFOUND\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
}

................................................................................
*/
static int winDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  winFile *p = (winFile*)id;
  return SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN |
         ((p->ctrlFlags & WINFILE_PSOW)?SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE:0);
}



/* 
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by 
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
**
** Function winShmMutexHeld() is used to assert() that the global mutex 
................................................................................
                       "winMapfile", pFd->zPath);
      /* Log the error, but continue normal operation using xRead/xWrite */
      OSTRACE(("MAP-FILE-CREATE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFd));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    assert( (nMap % winSysInfo.dwPageSize)==0 );
    assert( sizeof(SIZE_T)==sizeof(sqlite3_int64) || nMap<=0xffffffff );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    pNew = osMapViewOfFileFromApp(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#else

    pNew = osMapViewOfFile(pFd->hMap, flags, 0, 0, (SIZE_T)nMap);
#endif
    if( pNew==NULL ){
      osCloseHandle(pFd->hMap);
      pFd->hMap = NULL;
      pFd->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP, pFd->lastErrno,
................................................................................
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for windows.  The MAX_PATH macro is
** in characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case
** 3-bytes-per-character UTF8.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH   (MAX_PATH*3)
#endif

/*
** Create a temporary file name in zBuf.  zBuf must be big enough to
** hold at pVfs->mxPathname characters.
*/
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nTempPath;
  char zTempPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );



  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s",
                     sqlite3_temp_directory);
  }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  else if( isNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    WCHAR zWidePath[MAX_PATH];
    if( osGetTempPathW(MAX_PATH-30, zWidePath)==0 ){
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zMulti = unicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
    }else{
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char zMbcsPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH];
    if( osGetTempPathA(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zMbcsPath)==0 ){
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled without ANSI support and the current operating system
    ** is not Windows NT; therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled for WinRT and the sqlite3_temp_directory is not set;
    ** therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nTempPath = sqlite3Strlen30(zTempPath);

  if( (nTempPath + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);

    rc = getTempname(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->zPath = zName;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  pFile->hMap = NULL;
  pFile->pMapRegion = 0;
  pFile->mmapSize = 0;
  pFile->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  pFile->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
#endif

  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( pVfs->mxPathname>=SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH );
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1];

    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                         SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);
  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  /* WinCE has no concept of a relative pathname, or so I am told. */
................................................................................
/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
*/
static sqlite3_pcache *pcache1Create(int szPage, int szExtra, int bPurgeable){
  PCache1 *pCache;      /* The newly created page cache */
  PGroup *pGroup;       /* The group the new page cache will belong to */
  int sz;               /* Bytes of memory required to allocate the new cache */

  /*
  ** The separateCache variable is true if each PCache has its own private
  ** PGroup.  In other words, separateCache is true for mode (1) where no
  ** mutexing is required.
  **
  **   *  Always use a unified cache (mode-2) if ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  **
  **   *  Always use a unified cache in single-threaded applications
  **
................................................................................
  )){
    goto fetch_out;
  }

  if( pCache->nPage>=pCache->nHash && pcache1ResizeHash(pCache) ){
    goto fetch_out;
  }
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 && pCache->apHash );

  /* Step 4. Try to recycle a page. */
  if( pCache->bPurgeable && pGroup->pLruTail && (
         (pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax)
      || pGroup->nCurrentPage>=pGroup->nMaxPage
      || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache)
  )){
................................................................................
  Pgno nOrig;                  /* Original number of pages in file */
  Pgno iSubRec;                /* Index of first record in sub-journal */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};

/*
** Bits of the Pager.doNotSpill flag.  See further description below.
*/
#define SPILLFLAG_OFF         0x01      /* Never spill cache.  Set via pragma */
#define SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK    0x02      /* Current rolling back, so do not spill */
#define SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC      0x04      /* Spill is ok, but do not sync */

/*
** A open page cache is an instance of struct Pager. A description of
** some of the more important member variables follows:
**
** eState
**
**   The current 'state' of the pager object. See the comment and state
................................................................................
**   subsequently interrupted transaction that reuses the journal file.
**
**   The flag is cleared as soon as the journal file is finalized (either
**   by PagerCommitPhaseTwo or PagerRollback). If an IO error prevents the
**   journal file from being successfully finalized, the setMaster flag
**   is cleared anyway (and the pager will move to ERROR state).
**
** doNotSpill
**
**   This variables control the behavior of cache-spills  (calls made by
**   the pcache module to the pagerStress() routine to write cached data
**   to the file-system in order to free up memory).
**
**   When bits SPILLFLAG_OFF or SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK of doNotSpill are set,
**   writing to the database from pagerStress() is disabled altogether.
**   The SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK case is done in a very obscure case that
**   comes up during savepoint rollback that requires the pcache module
**   to allocate a new page to prevent the journal file from being written
**   while it is being traversed by code in pager_playback().  The SPILLFLAG_OFF
**   case is a user preference.
** 
**   If the SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC bit is set, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is permitted, but syncing the journal file is not. This flag is set
**   by sqlite3PagerWrite() when the file-system sector-size is larger than
**   the database page-size in order to prevent a journal sync from happening 
**   in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector. 
**
** subjInMemory
**
................................................................................
  ** "configuration" of the pager.
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */

  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
................................................................................
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_reset(pPager);
    pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

................................................................................
    **
    ** The solution is to add an in-memory page to the cache containing
    ** the data just read from the sub-journal. Mark the page as dirty 
    ** and if the pager requires a journal-sync, then mark the page as 
    ** requiring a journal-sync before it is written.
    */
    assert( isSavepnt );
    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK)==0 );
    pPager->doNotSpill |= SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK;
    rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pPager, pgno, &pPg, 1);
    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK)!=0 );
    pPager->doNotSpill &= ~SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    pPg->flags &= ~PGHDR_NEED_READ;
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  }
  if( pPg ){
    /* No page should ever be explicitly rolled back that is in use, except
    ** for page 1 which is held in use in order to keep the lock on the
................................................................................

/*
** Invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE based on the current value of szMmap.
*/
static void pagerFixMaplimit(Pager *pPager){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
  if( isOpen(fd) && fd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;

    sz = pPager->szMmap;
    pPager->bUseFetch = (sz>0);
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Change the maximum size of any memory mapping made of the database file.
................................................................................
** Free as much memory as possible from the pager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerShrink(Pager *pPager){
  sqlite3PcacheShrink(pPager->pPCache);
}

/*
** Adjust settings of the pager to those specified in the pgFlags parameter.
**
** The "level" in pgFlags & PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK sets the robustness
** of the database to damage due to OS crashes or power failures by
** changing the number of syncs()s when writing the journals.
** There are three levels:
**
**    OFF       sqlite3OsSync() is never called.  This is the default
**              for temporary and transient files.
**
**    NORMAL    The journal is synced once before writes begin on the
**              database.  This is normally adequate protection, but
**              it is theoretically possible, though very unlikely,
................................................................................
** synchronous=FULL versus synchronous=NORMAL setting determines when
** the xSync primitive is called and is relevant to all platforms.
**
** Numeric values associated with these states are OFF==1, NORMAL=2,
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetFlags(
  Pager *pPager,        /* The pager to set safety level for */
  unsigned pgFlags      /* Various flags */


){
  unsigned level = pgFlags & PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK;
  assert( level>=1 && level<=3 );
  pPager->noSync =  (level==1 || pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->fullSync = (level==3 && !pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  if( pPager->noSync ){
    pPager->syncFlags = 0;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = 0;
  }else if( pgFlags & PAGER_FULLFSYNC ){
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
  }else if( pgFlags & PAGER_CKPT_FULLFSYNC ){
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_FULL;
  }else{
    pPager->syncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
    pPager->ckptSyncFlags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
  }
  pPager->walSyncFlags = pPager->syncFlags;
  if( pPager->fullSync ){
    pPager->walSyncFlags |= WAL_SYNC_TRANSACTIONS;
  }
  if( pgFlags & PAGER_CACHESPILL ){
    pPager->doNotSpill &= ~SPILLFLAG_OFF;
  }else{
    pPager->doNotSpill |= SPILLFLAG_OFF;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the library
** attempts to open a temporary file.  This information is used for
** testing and analysis only.  
................................................................................
  }

  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
  */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK 
   && pPager->dbHintSize<pPager->dbSize
   && (pList->pDirty || pList->pgno>pPager->dbHintSize)
  ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);
    pPager->dbHintSize = pPager->dbSize;
  }

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pList ){
................................................................................
static int pagerStress(void *p, PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = (Pager *)p;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPg->pPager==pPager );
  assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );

  /* The doNotSpill NOSYNC bit is set during times when doing a sync of
  ** journal (and adding a new header) is not allowed.  This occurs
  ** during calls to sqlite3PagerWrite() while trying to journal multiple
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill ROLLBACK and OFF bits inhibits all cache spilling
  ** regardless of whether or not a sync is required.  This is set during
  ** a rollback or by user request, respectively.
  **
  ** Spilling is also prohibited when in an error state since that could
  ** lead to database corruption.   In the current implementaton it 
  ** is impossible for sqlite3PcacheFetch() to be called with createFlag==1
  ** while in the error state, hence it is impossible for this routine to
  ** be called in the error state.  Nevertheless, we include a NEVER()
  ** test for the error state as a safeguard against future changes.
  */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return SQLITE_OK;
  testcase( pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK );
  testcase( pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_OFF );
  testcase( pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC );
  if( pPager->doNotSpill
   && ((pPager->doNotSpill & (SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK|SPILLFLAG_OFF))!=0
      || (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Write a single frame for this page to the log. */
    if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){ 
................................................................................
** If the database image is smaller than the requested page or if a 
** non-zero value is passed as the noContent parameter and the 
** requested page is not already stored in the cache, then no 
** actual disk read occurs. In this case the memory image of the 
** page is initialized to all zeros. 
**
** If noContent is true, it means that we do not care about the contents
** of the page. This occurs in two scenarios:
**
**   a) When reading a free-list leaf page from the database, and
**
**   b) When a savepoint is being rolled back and we need to load
**      a new page into the cache to be filled with the data read
**      from the savepoint journal.
**
................................................................................
  if( nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */

    /* Set the doNotSpill NOSYNC bit to 1. This is because we cannot allow
    ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
    ** this function.
    */
    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC)==0 );
    pPager->doNotSpill |= SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC;

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

................................................................................
        if( pPage ){
          pPage->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
        }
      }
    }

    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC)!=0 );
    pPager->doNotSpill &= ~SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pDbPage);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  pPager->xCodecFree = xCodecFree;
  pPager->pCodec = pCodec;
  pagerReportSize(pPager);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetCodec(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->pCodec;
}


/*
** This function is called by the wal module when writing page content
** into the log file.
**
** This function returns a pointer to a buffer containing the encrypted
** page content. If a malloc fails, this function may return NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(PgHdr *pPg){
  void *aData = 0;
  CODEC2(pPg->pPager, pPg->pData, pPg->pgno, 6, return 0, aData);
  return aData;
}

/*
** Return the current pager state
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerState(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->eState;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_HAS_CODEC */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Move the page pPg to location pgno in the file.
**
** There must be no references to the page previously located at
** pgno (which we call pPgOld) though that page is allowed to be
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif
















#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

/************** End of pager.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file wal.c *********************************************/
/*
** 2010 February 1
**
................................................................................
  /* If another connection has written to the database file since the
  ** time the read transaction on this connection was started, then
  ** the write is disallowed.
  */
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
    walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
    pWal->writeLock = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** End a write transaction.  The commit has already been done.  This
................................................................................
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**



** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
**   called.
**
** CURSOR_VALID:
**   Cursor points to a valid entry. getPayload() etc. may be called.
**
** CURSOR_SKIPNEXT:
**   Cursor is valid except that the Cursor.skipNext field is non-zero
**   indicating that the next sqlite3BtreeNext() or sqlite3BtreePrevious()
**   operation should be a no-op.
**
** CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK:
**   The table that this cursor was opened on still exists, but has been 
**   modified since the cursor was last used. The cursor position is saved
**   in variables BtCursor.pKey and BtCursor.nKey. When a cursor is in 
**   this state, restoreCursorPosition() can be called to attempt to
**   seek the cursor to the saved position.
**
................................................................................
**   on a different connection that shares the BtShared cache with this
**   cursor.  The error has left the cache in an inconsistent state.
**   Do nothing else with this cursor.  Any attempt to use the cursor
**   should return the error code stored in BtCursor.skip
*/
#define CURSOR_INVALID           0
#define CURSOR_VALID             1
#define CURSOR_SKIPNEXT          2
#define CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK       3
#define CURSOR_FAULT             4

/* 
** The database page the PENDING_BYTE occupies. This page is never used.
*/
# define PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pBt)

/*
................................................................................
  }
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pCur->pKey, pCur->nKey, 0, &pCur->skipNext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
    pCur->pKey = 0;
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID );
    if( pCur->skipNext && pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_SKIPNEXT;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#define restoreCursorPosition(p) \
  (p->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ? \
         btreeRestoreCursorPosition(p) : \
................................................................................
  int rc;

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || NEVER(pCur->skipNext!=0) ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
    /* Always defragment highly fragmented pages */
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  }else if( gap+2<=top ){
    /* Search the freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy 
    ** the request. The allocation is made from the first free slot in 
    ** the list that is large enough to accommodate it.
    */
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
      int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
      if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<addr+4 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
................................................................................
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(
  Btree *p,              /* The btree to set the safety level on */
  unsigned pgFlags       /* Various PAGER_* flags */


){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  sqlite3PagerSetFlags(pBt->pPager, pgFlags);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3PagerCommit when a transaction
** is committed for an auto-vacuum database.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, then *pnTrunc is set to the number of pages
** the database file should be truncated to during the commit process. 
** i.e. the database has been reorganized so that only the first *pnTrunc
** pages are in use.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt){
................................................................................

/*
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
** at the conclusion of a transaction.
*/
static void btreeEndTransaction(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  pBt->bDoTruncate = 0;
#endif
  if( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE && db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
    /* If there are other active statements that belong to this database
    ** handle, downgrade to a read-only transaction. The other statements
    ** may still be reading from the database.  */
    downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
    p->inTrans = TRANS_READ;
  }else{
    /* If the handle had any kind of transaction open, decrement the 
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }

    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->skipNext ){
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_SKIPNEXT );
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
      if( pCur->skipNext>0 ){
        pCur->skipNext = 0;
        *pRes = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      pCur->skipNext = 0;
    }
  }

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );

  /* If the database file is corrupt, it is possible for the value of idx 
  ** to be invalid here. This can only occur if a second cursor modifies
................................................................................
  testcase( idx>pPage->nCell );

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        *pRes = 1;
................................................................................
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK) ){
      rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }

    }
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->skipNext ){
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_SKIPNEXT );
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
      if( pCur->skipNext<0 ){
        pCur->skipNext = 0;
        *pRes = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      pCur->skipNext = 0;
    }
  }

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(findCell(pPage, idx)));
    if( rc ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]==0 ){
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the implementation of the sqlite3_backup_XXX() 
** API functions and the related features.
*/







/*
** Structure allocated for each backup operation.
*/
struct sqlite3_backup {
  sqlite3* pDestDb;        /* Destination database handle */
  Btree *pDest;            /* Destination b-tree file */
  u32 iDestSchema;         /* Original schema cookie in destination */
................................................................................
** Resolve label "x" to be the address of the next instruction to
** be inserted.  The parameter "x" must have been obtained from
** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *p, int x){
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  if( j>=0 && p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = p->nOp;
  }
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
*/
................................................................................
*/
static void resolveP2Values(Vdbe *p, int *pMaxFuncArgs){
  int i;
  int nMaxArgs = *pMaxFuncArgs;
  Op *pOp;
  int *aLabel = p->aLabel;
  p->readOnly = 1;
  p->bIsReader = 0;
  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;


    /* NOTE: Be sure to update mkopcodeh.awk when adding or removing
    ** cases from this switch! */
    switch( opcode ){
      case OP_Function:
      case OP_AggStep: {
        if( pOp->p5>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p5;

        break;
      }
      case OP_Transaction: {
        if( pOp->p2!=0 ) p->readOnly = 0;
        /* fall thru */
      }
      case OP_AutoCommit:
      case OP_Savepoint: {
        p->bIsReader = 1;
        break;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
      case OP_Checkpoint:
#endif
      case OP_Vacuum:
      case OP_JournalMode: {
        p->readOnly = 0;
        p->bIsReader = 1;
        break;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      case OP_VUpdate: {
        if( pOp->p2>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p2;
        break;
      }
      case OP_VFilter: {
        int n;
        assert( p->nOp - i >= 3 );
        assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_Integer );
        n = pOp[-1].p1;
        if( n>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = n;
        break;
      }
#endif

      case OP_Next:
      case OP_SorterNext: {
        pOp->p4.xAdvance = sqlite3BtreeNext;
        pOp->p4type = P4_ADVANCE;

        break;
      }
      case OP_Prev: {
        pOp->p4.xAdvance = sqlite3BtreePrevious;
        pOp->p4type = P4_ADVANCE;
        break;
      }
    }

    pOp->opflags = sqlite3OpcodeProperty[opcode];
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_JUMP)!=0 && pOp->p2<0 ){
      assert( -1-pOp->p2<p->nLabel );
      pOp->p2 = aLabel[-1-pOp->p2];
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->aLabel);
  p->aLabel = 0;

  *pMaxFuncArgs = nMaxArgs;
  assert( p->bIsReader!=0 || p->btreeMask==0 );
}

/*
** Return the address of the next instruction to be inserted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe *p){
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){

  if( ALWAYS(addr>=0) ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MPRINTF: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }







      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MEM: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
          sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
................................................................................
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
  }else if( zP4==0 ){
    pOp->p4.p = 0;
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){
    KeyInfo *pOrig, *pNew;


    pOrig = (KeyInfo*)zP4;


    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = pNew = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, pOrig->nField);
    if( pNew ){






      memcpy(pNew->aColl, pOrig->aColl, pOrig->nField*sizeof(pNew->aColl[0]));
      memcpy(pNew->aSortOrder, pOrig->aSortOrder, pOrig->nField);
      pOp->p4type = P4_KEYINFO;
    }else{
      p->db->mallocFailed = 1;
      pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
    }
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF ){
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
................................................................................
    releaseMemArray(&p->aMem[1], p->nMem);
  }
  while( p->pDelFrame ){
    VdbeFrame *pDel = p->pDelFrame;
    p->pDelFrame = pDel->pParent;
    sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(pDel);
  }

  /* Delete any auxdata allocations made by the VM */
  sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, -1, 0);
  assert( p->pAuxData==0 );
}

/*
** Clean up the VM after execution.
**
** This routine will automatically close any cursors, lists, and/or
** sorters that were left open.  It also deletes the values of
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  return rc;
}

/* 
** This routine checks that the sqlite3.nVdbeActive count variable
** matches the number of vdbe's in the list sqlite3.pVdbe that are
** currently active. An assertion fails if the two counts do not match.
** This is an internal self-check only - it is not an essential processing
** step.
**
** This is a no-op if NDEBUG is defined.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
static void checkActiveVdbeCnt(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  int cnt = 0;
  int nWrite = 0;
  int nRead = 0;
  p = db->pVdbe;
  while( p ){
    if( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && p->pc>=0 ){
      cnt++;
      if( p->readOnly==0 ) nWrite++;
      if( p->bIsReader ) nRead++;
    }
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  assert( cnt==db->nVdbeActive );
  assert( nWrite==db->nVdbeWrite );
  assert( nRead==db->nVdbeRead );
}
#else
#define checkActiveVdbeCnt(x)
#endif

/*
** If the Vdbe passed as the first argument opened a statement-transaction,
** close it now. Argument eOp must be either SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK or
** SAVEPOINT_RELEASE. If it is SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, then the statement
** transaction is rolled back. If eOp is SAVEPOINT_RELEASE, then the 
** statement transaction is committed.
**
** If an IO error occurs, an SQLITE_IOERR_XXX error code is returned. 
** Otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *p, int eOp){
  sqlite3 *const db = p->db;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }

    /* If the statement transaction is being rolled back, also restore the 
    ** database handles deferred constraint counter to the value it had when 
    ** the statement transaction was opened.  */
    if( eOp==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK ){
      db->nDeferredCons = p->nStmtDefCons;
      db->nDeferredImmCons = p->nStmtDefImmCons;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
................................................................................
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and write an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && (db->nDeferredCons+db->nDeferredImmCons)>0) 
   || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) 
  ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( p->aOnceFlag ) memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);
  closeAllCursors(p);
  if( p->magic!=VDBE_MAGIC_RUN ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  checkActiveVdbeCnt(db);

  /* No commit or rollback needed if the program never started or if the
  ** SQL statement does not read or write a database file.  */
  if( p->pc>=0 && p->bIsReader ){
    int mrc;   /* Primary error code from p->rc */
    int eStatementOp = 0;
    int isSpecialError;            /* Set to true if a 'special' error */

    /* Lock all btrees used by the statement */
    sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);

................................................................................
    ** VM, then we do either a commit or rollback of the current transaction. 
    **
    ** Note: This block also runs if one of the special errors handled 
    ** above has occurred. 
    */
    if( !sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 
     && db->autoCommit 
     && db->nVdbeWrite==(p->readOnly==0) 
    ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
          return SQLITE_BUSY;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
        }else{
          db->nDeferredCons = 0;
          db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          db->flags &= ~SQLITE_DeferFKs;
          sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
      }
      db->nStatement = 0;
    }else if( eStatementOp==0 ){
................................................................................

    /* Release the locks */
    sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
  }

  /* We have successfully halted and closed the VM.  Record this fact. */
  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    db->nVdbeActive--;
    if( !p->readOnly ) db->nVdbeWrite--;
    if( p->bIsReader ) db->nVdbeRead--;

    assert( db->nVdbeActive>=db->nVdbeRead );
    assert( db->nVdbeRead>=db->nVdbeWrite );
    assert( db->nVdbeWrite>=0 );
  }
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_HALT;
  checkActiveVdbeCnt(db);
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
  ** by connection db have now been released. Call sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked() 
  ** to invoke any required unlock-notify callbacks.
  */
  if( db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked(db);
  }

  assert( db->nVdbeActive>0 || db->autoCommit==0 || db->nStatement==0 );
  return (p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? SQLITE_BUSY : SQLITE_OK);
}


/*
** Each VDBE holds the result of the most recent sqlite3_step() call
** in p->rc.  This routine sets that result back to SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
    assert( (rc & p->db->errMask)==rc );
  }
  sqlite3VdbeDelete(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** If parameter iOp is less than zero, then invoke the destructor for
** all auxiliary data pointers currently cached by the VM passed as
** the first argument.
**
** Or, if iOp is greater than or equal to zero, then the destructor is
** only invoked for those auxiliary data pointers created by the user 
** function invoked by the OP_Function opcode at instruction iOp of 
** VM pVdbe, and only then if:
**
**    * the associated function parameter is the 32nd or later (counting
**      from left to right), or
**
**    * the corresponding bit in argument mask is clear (where the first
**      function parameter corrsponds to bit 0 etc.).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe *pVdbe, int iOp, int mask){


  AuxData **pp = &pVdbe->pAuxData;
  while( *pp ){
    AuxData *pAux = *pp;

    if( (iOp<0)
     || (pAux->iOp==iOp && (pAux->iArg>31 || !(mask & ((u32)1<<pAux->iArg))))
    ){
      if( pAux->xDelete ){
        pAux->xDelete(pAux->pAux);
      }
      *pp = pAux->pNext;
      sqlite3DbFree(pVdbe->db, pAux);
    }else{
      pp= &pAux->pNext;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Free all memory associated with the Vdbe passed as the second argument,
** except for object itself, which is preserved.
................................................................................
** equal, then the keys are considered to be equal and
** the parts beyond the common prefix are ignored.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2        /* Right key */
){
  u32 d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;

  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  Mem mem1;

  pKeyInfo = pPKey2->pKeyInfo;
  mem1.enc = pKeyInfo->enc;
................................................................................
  ** impact, since this routine is a very high runner.  And so, we choose
  ** to ignore the compiler warnings and leave this variable uninitialized.
  */
  /*  mem1.u.i = 0;  // not needed, here to silence compiler warning */
  
  idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
  d1 = szHdr1;
  assert( pKeyInfo->nField+1>=pPKey2->nField );
  assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  while( idx1<szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField ){
    u32 serial_type1;

    /* Read the serial types for the next element in each key. */
    idx1 += getVarint32( aKey1+idx1, serial_type1 );

    /* Verify that there is enough key space remaining to avoid
    ** a buffer overread.  The "d1+serial_type1+2" subexpression will
    ** always be greater than or equal to the amount of required key space.
    ** Use that approximation to avoid the more expensive call to
    ** sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen() in the common case.
    */
    if( d1+serial_type1+2>(u32)nKey1
     && d1+sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type1)>(u32)nKey1 
    ){
      break;
    }

    /* Extract the values to be compared.
    */
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type1, &mem1);

    /* Do the comparison
    */
    rc = sqlite3MemCompare(&mem1, &pPKey2->aMem[i], pKeyInfo->aColl[i]);

    if( rc!=0 ){
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */

      /* Invert the result if we are using DESC sort order. */
      if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){
        rc = -rc;
      }
    
      /* If the PREFIX_SEARCH flag is set and all fields except the final
      ** rowid field were equal, then clear the PREFIX_SEARCH flag and set 
      ** pPKey2->rowid to the value of the rowid field in (pKey1, nKey1).
      ** This is used by the OP_IsUnique opcode.
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3_value structure containing the value bound
** parameter iVar of VM v. Except, if the value is an SQL NULL, return 
** 0 instead. Unless it is NULL, apply affinity aff (one of the SQLITE_AFF_*
** constants) to the value before returning it.
**
** The returned value must be freed by the caller using sqlite3ValueFree().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe *v, int iVar, u8 aff){
  assert( iVar>0 );
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context *pCtx, double rVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(&pCtx->s, rVal);
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const char *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const void *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#endif
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&pCtx->s, (i64)iVal);
}
................................................................................
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(&pCtx->s, n);
}
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int errCode){
  pCtx->isError = errCode;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  if( pCtx->s.flags & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, sqlite3ErrStr(errCode), -1, 
                         SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/* Force an SQLITE_TOOBIG error. */
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&pCtx->s, "string or blob too big", -1, 
                       SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
}

/* An SQLITE_NOMEM error. */
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(&pCtx->s);
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  pCtx->s.db->mallocFailed = 1;
}

/*
** This function is called after a transaction has been committed. It 
** invokes callbacks registered with sqlite3_wal_hook() as required.
*/
................................................................................
    goto end_of_step;
  }
  if( p->pc<0 ){
    /* If there are no other statements currently running, then
    ** reset the interrupt flag.  This prevents a call to sqlite3_interrupt
    ** from interrupting a statement that has not yet started.
    */
    if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
      db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
    }

    assert( db->nVdbeWrite>0 || db->autoCommit==0 
        || (db->nDeferredCons==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0)
    );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
    if( db->xProfile && !db->init.busy ){
      sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->startTime);
    }
#endif

    db->nVdbeActive++;
    if( p->readOnly==0 ) db->nVdbeWrite++;
    if( p->bIsReader ) db->nVdbeRead++;
    p->pc = 0;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( p->explain ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeList(p);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
  {
    db->nVdbeExec++;
    rc = sqlite3VdbeExec(p);
    db->nVdbeExec--;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  /* Invoke the profile callback if there is one
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW && db->xProfile && !db->init.busy && p->zSql ){
    sqlite3_int64 iNow;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the auxilary data pointer, if any, for the iArg'th argument to
** the user-function defined by pCtx.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iArg){
  AuxData *pAuxData;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );
  for(pAuxData=pCtx->pVdbe->pAuxData; pAuxData; pAuxData=pAuxData->pNext){
    if( pAuxData->iOp==pCtx->iOp && pAuxData->iArg==iArg ) break;

  }

  return (pAuxData ? pAuxData->pAux : 0);
}

/*
** Set the auxilary data pointer and delete function, for the iArg'th
** argument to the user-function defined by pCtx. Any previous value is
** deleted by calling the delete function specified when it was set.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int iArg, 
  void *pAux, 
  void (*xDelete)(void*)
){
  AuxData *pAuxData;
  Vdbe *pVdbe = pCtx->pVdbe;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->s.db->mutex) );






  if( iArg<0 ) goto failed;





  for(pAuxData=pVdbe->pAuxData; pAuxData; pAuxData=pAuxData->pNext){
    if( pAuxData->iOp==pCtx->iOp && pAuxData->iArg==iArg ) break;
  }
  if( pAuxData==0 ){
    pAuxData = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pVdbe->db, sizeof(AuxData));
    if( !pAuxData ) goto failed;
    pAuxData->iOp = pCtx->iOp;
    pAuxData->iArg = iArg;
    pAuxData->pNext = pVdbe->pAuxData;
    pVdbe->pAuxData = pAuxData;
    if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux==0 ){
      pCtx->isError = 0;
      pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
    }

  }else if( pAuxData->xDelete ){
    pAuxData->xDelete(pAuxData->pAux);
  }

  pAuxData->pAux = pAux;
  pAuxData->xDelete = xDelete;
  return;

failed:
  if( xDelete ){
    xDelete(pAux);
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int iType = sqlite3_value_type( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return iType;
}








/*
** Convert the N-th element of pStmt->pColName[] into a string using
** xFunc() then return that string.  If N is out of range, return 0.
**
** There are up to 5 names for each column.  useType determines which
** name is returned.  Here are the names:
**
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  u32 v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}

/************** End of vdbeapi.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbetrace.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2009 November 25
**
................................................................................
    zSql += n;
  }
  return nTotal;
}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to a nul-terminated string in memory
** obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc(). If sqlite3.nVdbeExec is 1, then the
** string contains a copy of zRawSql but with host parameters expanded to 
** their current bindings. Or, if sqlite3.nVdbeExec is greater than 1, 
** then the returned string holds a copy of zRawSql with "-- " prepended
** to each line of text.
**
** If the SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT macro is defined to an integer, then
** then long strings and blobs are truncated to that many bytes.  This
** can be used to prevent unreasonably large trace strings when dealing
** with large (multi-megabyte) strings and blobs.
................................................................................
  StrAccum out;            /* Accumulate the output here */
  char zBase[100];         /* Initial working space */

  db = p->db;
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&out, zBase, sizeof(zBase), 
                      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]);
  out.db = db;
  if( db->nVdbeExec>1 ){
    while( *zRawSql ){
      const char *zStart = zRawSql;
      while( *(zRawSql++)!='\n' && *zRawSql );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "-- ", 3);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zStart, (int)(zRawSql-zStart));
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&utf8, pVar->z, pVar->n, enc, SQLITE_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&utf8, SQLITE_UTF8);
          pVar = &utf8;
        }
#endif
        nOut = pVar->n;
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( nOut>SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT ){
          nOut = SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT;
          while( nOut<pVar->n && (pVar->z[nOut]&0xc0)==0x80 ){ nOut++; }
        }
#endif    
        sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "'%.*q'", nOut, pVar->z);
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( nOut<pVar->n ) sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "/*+%d bytes*/", pVar->n-nOut);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ) sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&utf8);
#endif
      }else if( pVar->flags & MEM_Zero ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "zeroblob(%d)", pVar->u.nZero);
      }else{
................................................................................
        if( nOut>SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT ) nOut = SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT;
#endif
        for(i=0; i<nOut; i++){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "%02x", pVar->z[i]&0xff);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "'", 1);
#ifdef SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT
        if( nOut<pVar->n ) sqlite3XPrintf(&out, "/*+%d bytes*/", pVar->n-nOut);
#endif
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

................................................................................
  int pc=0;                  /* The program counter */
  Op *aOp = p->aOp;          /* Copy of p->aOp */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;        /* Value to return */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;       /* The database */
  u8 resetSchemaOnFault = 0; /* Reset schema after an error if positive */
  u8 encoding = ENC(db);     /* The database encoding */
  int iCompare = 0;          /* Result of last OP_Compare operation */
  unsigned nVmStep = 0;      /* Number of virtual machine steps */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK


  unsigned nProgressLimit = 0;/* Invoke xProgress() when nVmStep reaches this */
#endif
  Mem *aMem = p->aMem;       /* Copy of p->aMem */
  Mem *pIn1 = 0;             /* 1st input operand */
  Mem *pIn2 = 0;             /* 2nd input operand */
  Mem *pIn3 = 0;             /* 3rd input operand */
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */

  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */
  int origPc;                /* Program counter at start of opcode */
#endif
  /********************************************************************
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );
    nProgressLimit = (unsigned)p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    if( nProgressLimit==0 ){
      nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps;
    }else{
      nProgressLimit %= (unsigned)db->nProgressOps;
    }
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0  && (p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeListing)!=0 ){
    int i;
    printf("VDBE Program Listing:\n");
    sqlite3VdbePrintSql(p);
................................................................................
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    origPc = pc;
    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->trace ){
      if( pc==0 ){
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    if( sqlite3_interrupt_count>0 ){
      sqlite3_interrupt_count--;
      if( sqlite3_interrupt_count==0 ){
        sqlite3_interrupt(db);
      }
    }





















#endif

    /* On any opcode with the "out2-prerelease" tag, free any
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
................................................................................
**
** An unconditional jump to address P2.
** The next instruction executed will be 
** the one at index P2 from the beginning of
** the program.
*/
case OP_Goto: {             /* jump */

  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;

  /* Opcodes that are used as the bottom of a loop (OP_Next, OP_Prev,
  ** OP_VNext, OP_RowSetNext, or OP_SorterNext) all jump here upon
  ** completion.  Check to see if sqlite3_interrupt() has been called
  ** or if the progress callback needs to be invoked. 
  **
  ** This code uses unstructured "goto" statements and does not look clean.
  ** But that is not due to sloppy coding habits. The code is written this
  ** way for performance, to avoid having to run the interrupt and progress
  ** checks on every opcode.  This helps sqlite3_step() to run about 1.5%
  ** faster according to "valgrind --tool=cachegrind" */
check_for_interrupt:
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
  ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
  ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
  ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
  ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0 && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit ){
    int prc;
    prc = db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg);
    if( prc!=0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
      goto vdbe_error_halt;
    }
    if( db->xProgress!=0 ){
      nProgressLimit = nVmStep + db->nProgressOps - (nVmStep%db->nProgressOps);
    }
  }
#endif
  
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 || db->nDeferredImmCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+u.ai.i, u.ai.pArg);
  }


  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  u.ai.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;






  u.ai.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.ai.ctx.s.db = db;
  u.ai.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.ai.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.ai.ctx.iOp = pc;
  u.ai.ctx.pVdbe = p;

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to u.ai.ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.ai.ctx.s, pOut);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.ai.ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  u.ai.ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( u.ai.ctx.pFunc->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.ai.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*u.ai.ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&u.ai.ctx, u.ai.n, u.ai.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;










  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    /* Even though a malloc() has failed, the implementation of the
    ** user function may have called an sqlite3_result_XXX() function
    ** to return a value. The following call releases any resources
    ** associated with such a value.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&u.ai.ctx.s);
    goto no_mem;
  }

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( u.ai.ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( u.ai.ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&u.ai.ctx.s));
      rc = u.ai.ctx.isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, pc, pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&u.ai.ctx.s, encoding);
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, &u.ai.ctx.s);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
................................................................................
        u.ak.res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */
      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
        pc = pOp->p2-1;
      }else if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
        pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);


      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    u.ak.affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( u.ak.affinity ){
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the u.as.p1 parameter is valid. Also that if there is no open
  ** transaction, then there cannot be any savepoints.
  */
  assert( db->pSavepoint==0 || db->autoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN||u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( db->pSavepoint || db->isTransactionSavepoint==0 );
  assert( checkSavepointCount(db) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );

  if( u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN ){

    if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
      /* A new savepoint cannot be created if there are active write
      ** statements (i.e. open read/write incremental blob handles).
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot open savepoint - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
................................................................................
          db->nSavepoint++;
        }

        /* Link the new savepoint into the database handle's list. */
        u.as.pNew->pNext = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = u.as.pNew;
        u.as.pNew->nDeferredCons = db->nDeferredCons;
        u.as.pNew->nDeferredImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
      }
    }
  }else{
    u.as.iSavepoint = 0;

    /* Find the named savepoint. If there is no such savepoint, then an
    ** an error is returned to the user.  */
................................................................................
      u.as.pSavepoint = u.as.pSavepoint->pNext
    ){
      u.as.iSavepoint++;
    }
    if( !u.as.pSavepoint ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "no such savepoint: %s", u.as.zName);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 && u.as.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
      /* It is not possible to release (commit) a savepoint if there are
      ** active write statements.
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
        "cannot release savepoint - SQL statements in progress"
      );
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
................................................................................
        db->pSavepoint = u.as.pSavepoint->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, u.as.pSavepoint);
        if( !isTransaction ){
          db->nSavepoint--;
        }
      }else{
        db->nDeferredCons = u.as.pSavepoint->nDeferredCons;
        db->nDeferredImmCons = u.as.pSavepoint->nDeferredImmCons;
      }

      if( !isTransaction ){
        rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, u.as.p1, u.as.iSavepoint);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
    }
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.at */

  u.at.desiredAutoCommit = pOp->p1;
  u.at.iRollback = pOp->p2;
  u.at.turnOnAC = u.at.desiredAutoCommit && !db->autoCommit;
  assert( u.at.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.at.desiredAutoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.at.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.at.iRollback==0 );
  assert( db->nVdbeActive>0 );  /* At least this one VM is active */
  assert( p->bIsReader );

#if 0
  if( u.at.turnOnAC && u.at.iRollback && db->nVdbeActive>1 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a ROLLBACK and other VMs are
    ** still running, and a transaction is active, return an error indicating
    ** that the other VMs must complete first.
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot rollback transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else
#endif
  if( u.at.turnOnAC && !u.at.iRollback && db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a COMMIT and other VMs are wri