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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the first 3.8.12 beta.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:be219301cdfbd0550280330790714f43d2a0c6cf
User & Date: drh 2015-10-07 20:51:07
Context
2015-10-10
13:45
Update the built-in SQLite to the first 3.9.0 beta. check-in: f0b45ac9a5 user: drh tags: trunk
2015-10-07
20:51
Update the built-in SQLite to the first 3.8.12 beta. check-in: be219301cd user: drh tags: trunk
2015-09-28
14:58
Update the built-in SQLite to the 3.8.12 alpha version that includes the ONEPASS bug fix. check-in: c70107362d user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-09-28 14:40:20 9d057f52217e7ef9c3f3eb84117abe3365503f44"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.















**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.



*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */


};






/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
................................................................................
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
#  if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
#    if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#      include <intrin.h>
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ushort)
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ulong)

#    else
#      include <cmnintrin.h>
#    endif
#  endif
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#define OP_RowSetTest    131 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       132
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_Param         134
#define OP_FkCounter     135 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      136 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        137 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         138 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         139 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfNotZero     140 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  141 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  142 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
#define OP_AggStep0      143 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggStep       144 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggFinal      145 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    146
#define OP_Expire        147
................................................................................
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x04, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00,\
/* 160 */ 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

................................................................................

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)

/* Return true if index X is a UNIQUE index */
#define IsUniqueIndex(X)      ((X)->onError!=OE_None)







/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
                                        Select*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel ? (p)->pToplevel : (p))

#else
# define sqlite3TriggersExist(B,C,D,E,F) 0
# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A,B)
# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(A,B,C,D,E,F)
# define sqlite3TriggerList(X, Y) 0
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) p

# define sqlite3TriggerColmask(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeferForeignKey(Parse*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................
** compiled without mutexes (SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemoryBarrier(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER)
  SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER;
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
  __sync_synchronize();
#else



  MemoryBarrier();
#endif
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
................................................................................
     /* 131 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 132 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 135 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 136 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 138 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 140 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 142 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),
     /* 143 */ "AggStep0"         OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 144 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 145 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 146 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
................................................................................

  rc = saveCursorKey(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

/* Forward reference */
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(BtCursor*,Pgno,BtCursor*);

/*
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** It is critical that the child page be defragmented before being
    ** copied into the parent, because if the parent is page 1 then it will
    ** by smaller than the child due to the database header, and so all the
    ** free space needs to be up front.
    */
    assert( nNew==1 );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      || rc!=SQLITE_OK
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.
** If the value of register P1 is 1 or greater, jump to P2 and
** add the literal value P3 to register P1.
**
** If the initial value of register P1 is less than 1, then the
** value is unchanged and control passes through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken( pIn1->u.i>0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ) goto jump_to_p2;



  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the value in
** register P1 then if the value of register P1 is less than zero, jump to P2. 

*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ) goto jump_to_p2;



  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNotZero P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.  If the content of register P1 is

** initially nonzero, then add P3 to P1 and jump to P2.  If register P1 is
** initially zero, leave it unchanged and fall through.
*/
case OP_IfNotZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i ){
     pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
     goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DecrJumpZero P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          /* FIXME: Be smarter about indexes that use expressions */
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol || pIdx->aiColumn[j]==(-2) ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,  /* The parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,    /* The index whose column is to be loaded */
  int iTabCur,    /* Cursor pointing to a table row */
  int iIdxCol,    /* The column of the index to be loaded */
  int regOut      /* Store the index column value in this register */
){
  i16 iTabCol = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
  if( iTabCol>=(-1) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
    return;
  }
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr );
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>iIdxCol );
  pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur;
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr, regOut);




}

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
................................................................................
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);


      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Analyze the list of expressions that form the terms of the index and
  ** report any errors.  In the common case where the expression is exactly
  ** a table column, store that column in aiColumn[].  For general expressions,
  ** populate pIndex->aColExpr and store -2 in aiColumn[].
  **
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if two or more columns of the index are identical.
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if the table primary key is used as part of the
  ** index key.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    Expr *pCExpr;                  /* The i-th index expression */
................................................................................
        ExprList *pCopy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, 0);
        pIndex->aColExpr = pCopy;
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert( pCopy!=0 );
          pListItem = &pCopy->a[i];
        }
      }
      j = -2;
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -2;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
................................................................................
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
      }
    }
    assert( i==pIndex->nColumn );
  }else{
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -1;
    pIndex->azColl[i] = "BINARY";
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_OFF:    Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **  ONEPASS_SINGLE: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
................................................................................
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iKey, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);

      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);



    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      int iIdxNoSeek = -1;
      if( bComplex==0 && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
................................................................................
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    if( pPrior
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j]
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]>=(-1)
    ){
      /* This column was already computed by the previous index */
      continue;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, j, regBase+j);
    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
................................................................................
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */



          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
          if( !zDfltColl ){
            zDfltColl = "BINARY";
          }
................................................................................
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;

          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];

        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      iCol = pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      aiCol = &iCol;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      if( aiCol[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
        aiCol[i] = -1;
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){


        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);

      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
      int iFromCol;               /* Idx of column in child table */
      Expr *pEq;                  /* tFromCol = OLD.tToCol */

      iFromCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      assert( iFromCol>=0 );
      assert( pIdx!=0 || (pTab->iPKey>=0 && pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol) );

      tToCol.z = pTab->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTab->iPKey].zName;
      tFromCol.z = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].zName;

      tToCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tToCol.z);
      tFromCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tFromCol.z);

      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
................................................................................
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      if( x>=0 ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
      }else if( x==(-1) ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        char aff;
        assert( x==(-2) );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pIdx->aColExpr->a[n].pExpr);
        if( aff==0 ) aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = aff;
      }
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
................................................................................
  int memId;                 /* Register holding max rowid */
  int addr;                  /* A VDBE address */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;   /* VDBE under construction */

  /* This routine is never called during trigger-generation.  It is
  ** only called from the top-level */
  assert( pParse->pTriggerTab==0 );
  assert( pParse==sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse) );

  assert( v );   /* We failed long ago if this is not so */
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==(-2) ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==(-1) || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){

            x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
................................................................................
          int addrJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+pPk->nKeyCol;
          int op = OP_Ne;
          int regCmp = (IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? regIdx : regR);
  
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            char *p4 = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pPk->azColl[i]);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[i];

            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );
................................................................................
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]==(-2) ){
      assert( pSrc->aColExpr!=0 && pDest->aColExpr!=0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pSrc->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr,
                             pDest->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, -1)!=0 ){
        return 0;   /* Different expressions in the index */
      }
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
................................................................................

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */

      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='q');

    /* If the PRAGMA command was of the form "PRAGMA <db>.integrity_check",
    ** then iDb is set to the index of the database identified by <db>.
................................................................................
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol!=(-1) && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+1, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
................................................................................
    int addr;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNotZero, iLimit, 0, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset, 0, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Add code that will check to make sure the N registers starting at iMem
** form a distinct entry.  iTab is a sorting index that holds previously
** seen combinations of the N values.  A new entry is made in iTab
................................................................................
** the reuse of the same limit and offset registers across multiple
** SELECT statements.
*/
static void computeLimitRegisters(Parse *pParse, Select *p, int iBreak){
  Vdbe *v = 0;
  int iLimit = 0;
  int iOffset;
  int addr1, n;
  if( p->iLimit ) return;

  /* 
  ** "LIMIT -1" always shows all rows.  There is some
  ** controversy about what the correct behavior should be.
  ** The current implementation interprets "LIMIT 0" to mean
  ** no rows.
................................................................................
    }
    if( p->pOffset ){
      p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, iOffset+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

    }
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
** Return the appropriate collating sequence for the iCol-th column of
................................................................................
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, p->iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));





      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->fg.isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab );
    if( pFrom->fg.isRecursive ) continue;
    if( pFrom->pTab!=0 ){
      /* This statement has already been prepared.  There is no need
      ** to go further. */
      assert( i==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      selectPopWith(pWalker, p);
#endif
      return WRC_Prune;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
    if( withExpand(pWalker, pFrom) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( pFrom->pTab ) {} else
#endif
    if( pFrom->zName==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
static void selectAddSubqueryTypeInfo(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse;
  int i;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;

  assert( p->selFlags & SF_Resolved );
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo)==0 ){
    p->selFlags |= SF_HasTypeInfo;
    pParse = pWalker->pParse;
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;

      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        if( pSel ){
          while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
          selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
#endif


................................................................................
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */
  int iEph = 0;          /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
  int nKey = 0;          /* Number of elements in regKey for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */

  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid;       /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid;       /* The new rowid */
  int regNew;            /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */
  int regKey = 0;        /* composite PRIMARY KEY value */

  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Virtual tables must be handled separately */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    pWhere = 0;
    pTabList = 0;
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Allocate required registers. */

  regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }
  if( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  }
  regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;


  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }










  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );
  /*sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew, regNew+pTab->nCol-1);*/
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, regNew+i);
................................................................................
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Generate code for an UPDATE of a virtual table.
**




** The strategy is that we create an ephemeral table that contains
** for each row to be changed:
**
**   (A)  The original rowid of that row.
**   (B)  The revised rowid for the row. (note1)
**   (C)  The content of every column in the row.
**
** Then we loop over this ephemeral table and for each row in
** the ephemeral table call VUpdate.
**
** When finished, drop the ephemeral table.
**


** (note1) Actually, if we know in advance that (A) is always the same
** as (B) we only store (A), then duplicate (A) when pulling
** it out of the ephemeral table before calling VUpdate.
*/
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pSrc,       /* The virtual table to be modified */
  Table *pTab,         /* The virtual table */
  ExprList *pChanges,  /* The columns to change in the UPDATE statement */
  Expr *pRowid,        /* Expression used to recompute the rowid */
  int *aXRef,          /* Mapping from columns of pTab to entries in pChanges */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement */
  int onError          /* ON CONFLICT strategy */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* Virtual machine under construction */
  ExprList *pEList = 0;     /* The result set of the SELECT statement */
  Select *pSelect = 0;      /* The SELECT statement */
  Expr *pExpr;              /* Temporary expression */
  int ephemTab;             /* Table holding the result of the SELECT */
  int i;                    /* Loop counter */
  int addr;                 /* Address of top of loop */
  int iReg;                 /* First register in set passed to OP_VUpdate */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  const char *pVTab = (const char*)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);





  SelectDest dest;




  /* Construct the SELECT statement that will find the new values for
  ** all updated rows. 
  */
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, "_rowid_"));
















  if( pRowid ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList,
                                   sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRowid, 0));



  }
  assert( pTab->iPKey<0 );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, 0);
    }else{
      pExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, pTab->aCol[i].zName);

    }
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList, pExpr);
  }
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, pEList, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  
  /* Create the ephemeral table into which the update results will
  ** be stored.
  */
  assert( v );
  ephemTab = pParse->nTab++;


  /* fill the ephemeral table 
  */
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, ephemTab);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);










  /* Generate code to scan the ephemeral table and call VUpdate. */
  iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol+1;

  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column,  ephemTab, 0, iReg);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, (pRowid?1:0), iReg+1);












  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i+1+(pRowid!=0), iReg+2+i);
  }

  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, pTab->nCol+2, iReg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);




  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);



  /* Cleanup */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of update.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file vacuum.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2003 April 6
................................................................................

    /* Invoke the xBegin method. If successful, add the vtab to the 
    ** sqlite3.aVTrans[] array. */
    rc = growVTrans(db);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pModule->xBegin(pVTab->pVtab);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        addToVTrans(db, pVTab);

      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the name of the i-th column of the pIdx index.
*/
static const char *explainIndexColumnName(Index *pIdx, int i){
  i = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
  if( i==(-2) ) return "<expr>";
  if( i==(-1) ) return "rowid";
  return pIdx->pTable->aCol[i].zName;
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
................................................................................
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      testcase( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==(-2) );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", explainIndexColumnName(pIdx, j)));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
................................................................................
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;

    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
................................................................................
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);







  return pWInfo->eOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aiCur[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    iColumn = pScan->aiColumn[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    if( iColumn==(-2) && pScan->pIdxExpr==0 ) return 0;
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (iColumn!=(-2)
             || sqlite3ExprCompare(pTerm->pExpr->pLeft,pScan->pIdxExpr,iCur)==0)
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=1 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aiCur)
           && (pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight))->op==TK_COLUMN
          ){
................................................................................
  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  pScan->pIdxExpr = 0;
  if( pIdx ){
    j = iColumn;
    iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( iColumn==(-2) ) pScan->pIdxExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
  }
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
................................................................................
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nKeyCol );
  pIdx->aiColumn[n] = -1;
  pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";

  /* Create the automatic index */
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
................................................................................
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){
      int iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq];
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      assert( saved_nEq==pNew->u.btree.nEq );

      if( iCol==(-1) || (iCol>0 && nInMul==0 && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){

        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iCursor ){
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=(-2) ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
................................................................................
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / (double)2;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 25;

    rc = vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo);
    if( rc ) goto whereLoopAddVtab_exit;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    mxTerm = -1;
    assert( pNew->nLSlot>=nConstraint );
    for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++) pNew->aLTerm[i] = 0;
................................................................................
          }
          /* A virtual table that is constrained by an IN clause may not
          ** consume the ORDER BY clause because (1) the order of IN terms
          ** is not necessarily related to the order of output terms and
          ** (2) Multiple outputs from a single IN value will not merge
          ** together.  */
          pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;

        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=nConstraint ){
      pNew->nLTerm = mxTerm+1;
      assert( pNew->nLTerm<=pNew->nLSlot );
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (i8)(pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ?
                                      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy : 0);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(pIdxInfo->estimatedRows);








      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
        nColumn = 1;
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==(-1) || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));

        isOrderDistinct = IsUniqueIndex(pIndex);
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
................................................................................
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          iColumn = -1;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
        */
        if( isOrderDistinct
................................................................................
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));

#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){ /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];

          }
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 );
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */
  int iPrevLangid;                /* Langid of recently inserted document */


#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
................................................................................
static void fts3SetEstimatedRows(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo, i64 nRow){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008002
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008002 ){
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = nRow;
  }
#endif
}














/* 
** Implementation of the xBestIndex method for FTS3 tables. There
** are three possible strategies, in order of preference:
**
**   1. Direct lookup by rowid or docid. 
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }




  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
................................................................................
  Fts3Expr *pFree = 0;            /* List of free nodes. Linked by pParent. */
  int eType = pRoot->eType;       /* Type of node in this tree */

  if( nMaxDepth==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eType==FTSQUERY_AND || eType==FTSQUERY_OR) ){
    Fts3Expr **apLeaf;
    apLeaf = (Fts3Expr **)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts3Expr *) * nMaxDepth);
    if( 0==apLeaf ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      memset(apLeaf, 0, sizeof(Fts3Expr *) * nMaxDepth);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int i;
      Fts3Expr *p;

      /* Set $p to point to the left-most leaf in the tree of eType nodes. */
      for(p=pRoot; p->eType==eType; p=p->pLeft){
        assert( p->pParent==0 || p->pParent->pLeft==p );
        assert( p->pLeft && p->pRight );
      }

      /* This loop runs once for each leaf in the tree of eType nodes. */
      while( 1 ){
        int iLvl;
        Fts3Expr *pParent = p->pParent;     /* Current parent of p */

        assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pLeft==p );
        p->pParent = 0;
        if( pParent ){
          pParent->pLeft = 0;
        }else{
          pRoot = 0;
        }
        rc = fts3ExprBalance(&p, nMaxDepth-1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

        for(iLvl=0; p && iLvl<nMaxDepth; iLvl++){
          if( apLeaf[iLvl]==0 ){
            apLeaf[iLvl] = p;
            p = 0;
          }else{
            assert( pFree );
            pFree->pLeft = apLeaf[iLvl];
            pFree->pRight = p;
            pFree->pLeft->pParent = pFree;
            pFree->pRight->pParent = pFree;

            p = pFree;
            pFree = pFree->pParent;
            p->pParent = 0;
            apLeaf[iLvl] = 0;
          }
        }
        if( p ){
          sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(p);
          rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
          break;
        }

        /* If that was the last leaf node, break out of the loop */
        if( pParent==0 ) break;

        /* Set $p to point to the next leaf in the tree of eType nodes */
        for(p=pParent->pRight; p->eType==eType; p=p->pLeft);

        /* Remove pParent from the original tree. */
        assert( pParent->pParent==0 || pParent->pParent->pLeft==pParent );
        pParent->pRight->pParent = pParent->pParent;
        if( pParent->pParent ){
          pParent->pParent->pLeft = pParent->pRight;
        }else{
          assert( pParent==pRoot );
          pRoot = pParent->pRight;
        }

        /* Link pParent into the free node list. It will be used as an
        ** internal node of the new tree.  */
        pParent->pParent = pFree;
        pFree = pParent;
      }

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p = 0;
        for(i=0; i<nMaxDepth; i++){
          if( apLeaf[i] ){
            if( p==0 ){
              p = apLeaf[i];
              p->pParent = 0;
            }else{
              assert( pFree!=0 );
              pFree->pRight = p;
              pFree->pLeft = apLeaf[i];
              pFree->pLeft->pParent = pFree;
              pFree->pRight->pParent = pFree;

              p = pFree;
              pFree = pFree->pParent;
              p->pParent = 0;
            }
          }
        }
        pRoot = p;
      }else{
        /* An error occurred. Delete the contents of the apLeaf[] array 
        ** and pFree list. Everything else is cleaned up by the call to
        ** sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pRoot) below.  */
        Fts3Expr *pDel;
        for(i=0; i<nMaxDepth; i++){
          sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(apLeaf[i]);
        }
        while( (pDel=pFree)!=0 ){
          pFree = pDel->pParent;
          sqlite3_free(pDel);
        }
      }

      assert( pFree==0 );
      sqlite3_free( apLeaf );
    }



  }























  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pRoot);
    pRoot = 0;
  }
  *pp = pRoot;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/* 
** Calling this function indicates that subsequent calls to 
** fts3PendingTermsAdd() are to add term/position-list pairs for the
** contents of the document with docid iDocid.
*/
static int fts3PendingTermsDocid(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table handle */

  int iLangid,                    /* Language id of row being written */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid             /* Docid of row being written */
){
  assert( iLangid>=0 );


  /* TODO(shess) Explore whether partially flushing the buffer on
  ** forced-flush would provide better performance.  I suspect that if
  ** we ordered the doclists by size and flushed the largest until the
  ** buffer was half empty, that would let the less frequent terms
  ** generate longer doclists.
  */
  if( iDocid<=p->iPrevDocid 

   || p->iPrevLangid!=iLangid
   || p->nPendingData>p->nMaxPendingData 
  ){
    int rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  p->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  p->iPrevLangid = iLangid;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash tables. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(Fts3Table *p){
................................................................................
  assert( *pbFound==0 );
  if( *pRC ) return;
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pSelect, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSelect) ){
      int i;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pSelect);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pSelect, 0));

      for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=p->nColumn; i++){
        int iCol = i-1;
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, -1, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pSelect, i);
        }
................................................................................
    pNext = &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist];
  }

  if( !pNext || pNext>=&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] ){

    if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      Fts3HashElem *pElem = *(pReader->ppNextElem);
      if( pElem==0 ){
        pReader->aNode = 0;
      }else{

        PendingList *pList = (PendingList *)fts3HashData(pElem);

        pReader->zTerm = (char *)fts3HashKey(pElem);
        pReader->nTerm = fts3HashKeysize(pElem);



        pReader->nNode = pReader->nDoclist = pList->nData + 1;
        pReader->aNode = pReader->aDoclist = pList->aData;
        pReader->ppNextElem++;
        assert( pReader->aNode );
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    fts3SegReaderSetEof(pReader);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Free all allocations associated with the iterator passed as the 
** second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SegReaderFree(Fts3SegReader *pReader){

  if( pReader && !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
    sqlite3_free(pReader->zTerm);

    if( !fts3SegReaderIsRootOnly(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);
      sqlite3_blob_close(pReader->pBlob);
    }

  }
  sqlite3_free(pReader);
}

/*
** Allocate a new SegReader object.
*/
................................................................................
        aSzDel = &aSzIns[p->nColumn+1];
      }
    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      memset(aSz, 0, sizeof(aSz[0]) * (p->nColumn+1));
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
        }
................................................................................
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=p->iPrevDocid ) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( p->iPrevDocid==*pRowid );
      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, iLangid, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);







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323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
....
5843
5844
5845
5846
5847
5848
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857
5858
5859
5860
5861
5862
5863
5864
5865
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
....
5896
5897
5898
5899
5900
5901
5902
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909
5910
5911
5912
5913
5914
5915
5916
5917
5918
....
8431
8432
8433
8434
8435
8436
8437
8438
8439
8440
8441
8442
8443
8444
8445
.....
10046
10047
10048
10049
10050
10051
10052
10053
10054
10055
10056
10057
10058
10059
10060
10061
10062
.....
10099
10100
10101
10102
10103
10104
10105
10106
10107
10108
10109
10110
10111
10112
10113
.....
11938
11939
11940
11941
11942
11943
11944
11945
11946
11947
11948
11949
11950
11951
11952
11953
11954
11955
11956
11957
.....
13531
13532
13533
13534
13535
13536
13537
13538
13539
13540
13541
13542
13543
13544
13545
13546
13547
13548
13549
13550
13551
13552
13553
13554
13555
.....
20497
20498
20499
20500
20501
20502
20503
20504
20505
20506
20507
20508
20509
20510
20511
20512
20513
20514
.....
25862
25863
25864
25865
25866
25867
25868
25869
25870
25871
25872
25873
25874
25875
25876
25877
25878
.....
54634
54635
54636
54637
54638
54639
54640
54641
54642
54643
54644
54645
54646
54647
54648
.....
61597
61598
61599
61600
61601
61602
61603
61604
61605
61606
61607
61608
61609
61610
61611
.....
78034
78035
78036
78037
78038
78039
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78041
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78043
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78046
78047
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78068

78069
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78071


78072
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78076
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78080
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78085
78086
78087
78088
78089
78090
78091
78092
78093
78094
78095
78096
78097
78098
78099
.....
79311
79312
79313
79314
79315
79316
79317
79318
79319
79320
79321
79322
79323
79324
79325
.....
86889
86890
86891
86892
86893
86894
86895
86896




86897
86898
86899
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86906
86907
86908
86909
86910
86911
.....
92420
92421
92422
92423
92424
92425
92426
92427
92428
92429
92430
92431
92432
92433
92434
92435
.....
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
95372
95373
95374
95375
95376
95377
95378
.....
95393
95394
95395
95396
95397
95398
95399
95400
95401
95402
95403
95404
95405
95406
95407
95408
.....
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
95452
95453
95454
95455
95456
95457
95458
95459
95460
95461
.....
97551
97552
97553
97554
97555
97556
97557
97558
97559
97560
97561
97562
97563
97564
97565
97566
97567
97568
97569
97570
97571
97572
97573
97574
97575
97576
.....
97634
97635
97636
97637
97638
97639
97640
97641
97642
97643
97644
97645
97646
97647
97648
.....
97656
97657
97658
97659
97660
97661
97662
97663
97664
97665
97666
97667
97668
97669
97670
97671
97672
97673
97674
.....
97998
97999
98000
98001
98002
98003
98004
98005
98006
98007
98008
98009
98010
98011
98012
......
100086
100087
100088
100089
100090
100091
100092
100093
100094
100095
100096
100097
100098
100099
100100
100101
......
100240
100241
100242
100243
100244
100245
100246
100247
100248
100249
100250
100251
100252
100253
100254
......
100449
100450
100451
100452
100453
100454
100455
100456
100457
100458
100459
100460
100461
100462
100463
......
100769
100770
100771
100772
100773
100774
100775
100776
100777
100778
100779
100780
100781
100782
100783
......
100901
100902
100903
100904
100905
100906
100907
100908
100909
100910
100911
100912
100913
100914
100915
100916
100917
100918
......
101027
101028
101029
101030
101031
101032
101033
101034
101035
101036
101037
101038
101039
101040
101041
......
101337
101338
101339
101340
101341
101342
101343
101344
101345
101346
101347
101348
101349
101350
101351
101352
101353
101354
101355
......
101507
101508
101509
101510
101511
101512
101513
101514
101515
101516
101517
101518
101519
101520
101521
......
102655
102656
102657
102658
102659
102660
102661
102662
102663
102664
102665
102666
102667
102668
102669
102670
102671
102672
102673
102674
102675
......
102720
102721
102722
102723
102724
102725
102726
102727
102728
102729
102730
102731
102732
102733
102734
......
102742
102743
102744
102745
102746
102747
102748
102749
102750
102751
102752
102753
102754
102755
102756
......
102994
102995
102996
102997
102998
102999
103000
103001
103002
103003
103004
103005
103006
103007
103008
......
106636
106637
106638
106639
106640
106641
106642
106643
106644
106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652
......
106800
106801
106802
106803
106804
106805
106806
106807
106808
106809
106810
106811
106812
106813
106814
......
106839
106840
106841
106842
106843
106844
106845
106846
106847
106848
106849
106850
106851
106852
106853
106854
106855
......
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
108683
108684
108685
108686
108687
108688
108689
108690
108691
108692
......
108694
108695
108696
108697
108698
108699
108700

108701

108702

108703
108704
108705
108706
108707
108708
108709
......
109911
109912
109913
109914
109915
109916
109917
109918
109919
109920
109921
109922
109923
109924
109925
......
109946
109947
109948
109949
109950
109951
109952
109953


109954
109955



109956
109957
109958
109959
109960
109961
109962
109963
......
110365
110366
110367
110368
110369
110370
110371
110372
110373
110374
110375
110376
110377
110378
110379
110380
110381
110382
110383
......
112318
112319
112320
112321
112322
112323
112324
112325
112326
112327








112328
112329
112330
112331
112332
112333
112334
......
112612
112613
112614
112615
112616
112617
112618
112619
112620
112621
112622
112623
112624
112625
112626
112627
112628
112629
112630
112631

112632
112633
112634
112635
112636
112637
112638
......
115182
115183
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188
115189
115190
115191
115192
115193
115194
115195
115196
115197
115198
......
115348
115349
115350
115351
115352
115353
115354











115355
115356
115357
115358
115359
115360
115361
115362
115363
115364
115365
115366
115367
115368
115369
115370
115371
115372
115373
115374
115375
......
115383
115384
115385
115386
115387
115388
115389
115390
115391
115392
115393
115394
115395
115396
115397
115398
115399
115400
115401
115402
115403
115404
115405
......
115432
115433
115434
115435
115436
115437
115438
115439
115440
115441
115442
115443
115444
115445
115446
......
115555
115556
115557
115558
115559
115560
115561

115562
115563
115564
115565
115566
115567
115568
......
115732
115733
115734
115735
115736
115737
115738
115739
115740
115741
115742
115743
115744
115745
115746
115747
115748
115749
115750


115751
115752
115753
115754
115755


115756
115757
115758
115759
115760
115761
115762
115763
115764
115765
115766
115767



115768
115769


115770
115771
115772
115773
115774
115775
115776
115777
115778
115779
115780
115781



115782
115783
115784
115785
115786
115787
115788
115789
115790
115791
115792
115793
115794
115795
115796
115797
115798
115799


115800
115801
115802
115803

115804
115805
115806
115807

115808
115809

115810

115811





115812
115813




115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824


115825
115826
115827

115828
115829
115830
115831
115832
115833
115834
115835
115836
115837
115838
115839
115840
115841
115842
115843
115844
115845
115846
115847
115848
115849
115850
115851
115852
115853
115854
115855
115856
115857


115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
......
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177
117178
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
......
118031
118032
118033
118034
118035
118036
118037
118038
118039
118040
118041
118042
118043
118044
118045
118046
......
118499
118500
118501
118502
118503
118504
118505
118506
118507
118508
118509
118510
118511
118512
118513
......
118685
118686
118687
118688
118689
118690
118691

118692
118693
118694
118695
118696
118697
118698
118699
118700
......
120928
120929
120930
120931
120932
120933
120934
120935
120936
120937
120938
120939
120940
120941
120942
120943
120944
120945
120946
120947
120948
......
121030
121031
121032
121033
121034
121035
121036
121037
121038
121039
121040
121041
121042
121043
121044
121045
121046
121047
121048
121049
......
121129
121130
121131
121132
121133
121134
121135
121136
121137
121138
121139
121140
121141
121142
121143
......
121568
121569
121570
121571
121572
121573
121574
121575
121576
121577
121578
121579
121580
121581
121582
......
123083
123084
123085
123086
123087
123088
123089
123090
123091
123092
123093
123094
123095
123096
123097
123098
123099
......
123285
123286
123287
123288
123289
123290
123291
123292
123293
123294
123295
123296
123297
123298
123299
......
123682
123683
123684
123685
123686
123687
123688
123689
123690
123691
123692
123693
123694
123695
123696
......
123728
123729
123730
123731
123732
123733
123734
123735
123736
123737
123738
123739
123740
123741
123742
......
123744
123745
123746
123747
123748
123749
123750
123751
123752
123753
123754
123755
123756
123757
123758
123759
123760
123761
123762
123763
123764
123765
......
124073
124074
124075
124076
124077
124078
124079
124080
124081
124082
124083
124084
124085
124086
124087
124088
......
124106
124107
124108
124109
124110
124111
124112
124113
124114
124115
124116
124117
124118
124119
124120
......
124971
124972
124973
124974
124975
124976
124977
124978
124979
124980
124981
124982
124983
124984
124985
124986
......
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
125412
125413
125414
125415
125416
125417
125418
125419
125420
......
135231
135232
135233
135234
135235
135236
135237
135238
135239
135240
135241
135242
135243
135244
135245
......
136806
136807
136808
136809
136810
136811
136812
136813
136814
136815
136816
136817
136818
136819
136820
136821
136822
136823
136824
136825
136826
136827
136828
136829
136830
136831
136832
......
136909
136910
136911
136912
136913
136914
136915
136916
136917
136918
136919
136920
136921
136922
136923
136924
136925
......
142563
142564
142565
142566
142567
142568
142569
142570
142571
142572
142573
142574
142575
142576
142577
142578
142579
142580
142581
142582
142583
142584
142585
142586
142587
142588
142589
142590
142591
142592
142593
142594
142595
142596
142597
142598
142599
142600
142601
142602
142603
142604
142605
142606
142607
142608
142609
142610
142611
142612
142613
142614
142615
142616
142617
142618
142619
142620
142621
142622
142623
142624
142625
142626
142627
142628
142629
142630
142631
142632
142633
142634
142635
142636
142637
142638
142639
142640
142641
142642
142643
142644
142645
142646
142647
142648
142649
142650
142651
142652
142653
142654
142655
142656
142657
142658
142659
142660
142661
142662
142663
142664
142665
142666
142667
142668
142669
142670
142671
142672
142673
142674
142675
142676
142677
142678
142679
142680
142681
142682
142683
142684
142685
142686
142687
142688
142689
142690
142691
142692
142693
142694
142695
142696
142697
142698
142699
142700
142701
142702
142703
142704
142705
142706
142707
142708
142709
142710
142711
142712
142713
142714
142715
142716
142717
142718
142719
142720
142721
......
146184
146185
146186
146187
146188
146189
146190
146191
146192
146193
146194
146195
146196
146197
146198
146199
146200
146201
146202
146203
146204
146205
146206
146207
146208
146209
146210
146211
146212
146213
146214
146215
146216
146217
146218
146219
146220
146221
......
146397
146398
146399
146400
146401
146402
146403
146404
146405
146406
146407
146408
146409
146410
146411
146412
......
146646
146647
146648
146649
146650
146651
146652
146653
146654
146655
146656
146657
146658
146659
146660
146661
146662
146663
146664
146665
146666
146667
146668
146669
146670
146671
146672
......
146898
146899
146900
146901
146902
146903
146904
146905
146906
146907
146908
146909
146910

146911
146912
146913
146914
146915
146916
146917
146918
146919
......
148848
148849
148850
148851
148852
148853
148854
148855
148856
148857
148858
148859
148860
148861
148862
......
150953
150954
150955
150956
150957
150958
150959
150960
150961
150962
150963
150964
150965
150966
150967
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-10-07 17:06:17 13adcd038fc20dd1b6f344f79b449b4034f8f8f2"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a 
** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row. 
**
** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
** was added for version 3.8.12. It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3008012.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.12 and later */
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
................................................................................
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
#  if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
#    if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#      include <intrin.h>
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ushort)
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ulong)
#      pragma intrinsic(_ReadWriteBarrier)
#    else
#      include <cmnintrin.h>
#    endif
#  endif
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#define OP_RowSetTest    131 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       132
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_Param         134
#define OP_FkCounter     135 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      136 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        137 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         138 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_SetIfNotPos   139 /* synopsis: if r[P1]<=0 then r[P2]=P3        */
#define OP_IfNotZero     140 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  141 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  142 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
#define OP_AggStep0      143 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggStep       144 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggFinal      145 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    146
#define OP_Expire        147
................................................................................
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x04, 0x03, 0x06, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00,\
/* 160 */ 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

................................................................................

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)

/* Return true if index X is a UNIQUE index */
#define IsUniqueIndex(X)      ((X)->onError!=OE_None)

/* The Index.aiColumn[] values are normally positive integer.  But
** there are some negative values that have special meaning:
*/
#define XN_ROWID     (-1)     /* Indexed column is the rowid */
#define XN_EXPR      (-2)     /* Indexed column is an expression */

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
                                        Select*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel ? (p)->pToplevel : (p))
# define sqlite3IsToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel==0)
#else
# define sqlite3TriggersExist(B,C,D,E,F) 0
# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A,B)
# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(A,B,C,D,E,F)
# define sqlite3TriggerList(X, Y) 0
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) p
# define sqlite3IsToplevel(p) 1
# define sqlite3TriggerColmask(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeferForeignKey(Parse*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................
** compiled without mutexes (SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemoryBarrier(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER)
  SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER;
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
  __sync_synchronize();
#elif !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC) && \
      defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
  _ReadWriteBarrier();
#elif defined(MemoryBarrier)
  MemoryBarrier();
#endif
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
................................................................................
     /* 131 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 132 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 135 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 136 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 138 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "SetIfNotPos"      OpHelp("if r[P1]<=0 then r[P2]=P3"),
     /* 140 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 142 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),
     /* 143 */ "AggStep0"         OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 144 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 145 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 146 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
................................................................................

  rc = saveCursorKey(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl|BTCF_AtLast);
  return rc;
}

/* Forward reference */
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(BtCursor*,Pgno,BtCursor*);

/*
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** It is critical that the child page be defragmented before being
    ** copied into the parent, because if the parent is page 1 then it will
    ** by smaller than the child due to the database header, and so all the
    ** free space needs to be up front.
    */
    assert( nNew==1 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      || rc!=SQLITE_OK
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.
** If the value of register P1 is 1 or greater, subtract P3 from the
** value in P1 and jump to P2.
**
** If the initial value of register P1 is less than 1, then the
** value is unchanged and control passes through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken( pIn1->u.i>0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
    pIn1->u.i -= pOp->p3;
    goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SetIfNotPos P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]<=0 then r[P2]=P3
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.
** If the value of register P1 is not positive (if it is less than 1) then
** set the value of register P2 to be the integer P3.
*/

case OP_SetIfNotPos: {        /* in1, in2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );


  if( pIn1->u.i<=0 ){
    pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
    pOut->u.i = pOp->p3;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNotZero P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.  If the content of register P1 is
** initially nonzero, then subtract P3 from the value in register P1 and
** jump to P2.  If register P1 is initially zero, leave it unchanged
** and fall through.
*/
case OP_IfNotZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i ){
     pIn1->u.i -= pOp->p3;
     goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DecrJumpZero P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          /* FIXME: Be smarter about indexes that use expressions */
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol || pIdx->aiColumn[j]==XN_EXPR ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,  /* The parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,    /* The index whose column is to be loaded */
  int iTabCur,    /* Cursor pointing to a table row */
  int iIdxCol,    /* The column of the index to be loaded */
  int regOut      /* Store the index column value in this register */
){
  i16 iTabCol = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
  if( iTabCol==XN_EXPR ){




    assert( pIdx->aColExpr );
    assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>iIdxCol );
    pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur;
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr, regOut);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
................................................................................
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
        VdbeComment((v,
              "usesStmtJournal=%d", pParse->mayAbort && pParse->isMultiWrite));
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Analyze the list of expressions that form the terms of the index and
  ** report any errors.  In the common case where the expression is exactly
  ** a table column, store that column in aiColumn[].  For general expressions,
  ** populate pIndex->aColExpr and store XN_EXPR (-2) in aiColumn[].
  **
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if two or more columns of the index are identical.
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if the table primary key is used as part of the
  ** index key.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    Expr *pCExpr;                  /* The i-th index expression */
................................................................................
        ExprList *pCopy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, 0);
        pIndex->aColExpr = pCopy;
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert( pCopy!=0 );
          pListItem = &pCopy->a[i];
        }
      }
      j = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
................................................................................
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
      }
    }
    assert( i==pIndex->nColumn );
  }else{
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_ROWID;
    pIndex->azColl[i] = "BINARY";
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_OFF:    Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **  ONEPASS_SINGLE: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
................................................................................
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iKey, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);
      assert( eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF || eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE );
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE && sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) ){
        pParse->isMultiWrite = 0;
      }
    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      int iIdxNoSeek = -1;
      if( bComplex==0 && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
................................................................................
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    if( pPrior
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j]
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]!=XN_EXPR
    ){
      /* This column was already computed by the previous index */
      continue;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, j, regBase+j);
    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
................................................................................
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */

          if( iCol<0 ) break; /* No foreign keys against expression indexes */

          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
          if( !zDfltColl ){
            zDfltColl = "BINARY";
          }
................................................................................
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      iCol = pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      aiCol = &iCol;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      if( aiCol[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
        aiCol[i] = -1;
      }
      assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
      int iFromCol;               /* Idx of column in child table */
      Expr *pEq;                  /* tFromCol = OLD.tToCol */

      iFromCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      assert( iFromCol>=0 );
      assert( pIdx!=0 || (pTab->iPKey>=0 && pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol) );
      assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      tToCol.z = pTab->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTab->iPKey].zName;
      tFromCol.z = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].zName;

      tToCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tToCol.z);
      tFromCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tFromCol.z);

      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
................................................................................
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      if( x>=0 ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
      }else if( x==XN_ROWID ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        char aff;
        assert( x==XN_EXPR );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pIdx->aColExpr->a[n].pExpr);
        if( aff==0 ) aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = aff;
      }
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
................................................................................
  int memId;                 /* Register holding max rowid */
  int addr;                  /* A VDBE address */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;   /* VDBE under construction */

  /* This routine is never called during trigger-generation.  It is
  ** only called from the top-level */
  assert( pParse->pTriggerTab==0 );
  assert( sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) );

  assert( v );   /* We failed long ago if this is not so */
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
            x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
................................................................................
          int addrJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+pPk->nKeyCol;
          int op = OP_Ne;
          int regCmp = (IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? regIdx : regR);
  
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            char *p4 = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pPk->azColl[i]);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[i];
            assert( x>=0 );
            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );
................................................................................
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]==XN_EXPR ){
      assert( pSrc->aColExpr!=0 && pDest->aColExpr!=0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pSrc->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr,
                             pDest->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, -1)!=0 ){
        return 0;   /* Different expressions in the index */
      }
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
................................................................................

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_If,          1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='q');

    /* If the PRAGMA command was of the form "PRAGMA <db>.integrity_check",
    ** then iDb is set to the index of the database identified by <db>.
................................................................................
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol!=XN_ROWID && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
................................................................................
    int addr;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNotZero, iLimit, 0, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset, iContinue, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);

    VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET"));

  }
}

/*
** Add code that will check to make sure the N registers starting at iMem
** form a distinct entry.  iTab is a sorting index that holds previously
** seen combinations of the N values.  A new entry is made in iTab
................................................................................
** the reuse of the same limit and offset registers across multiple
** SELECT statements.
*/
static void computeLimitRegisters(Parse *pParse, Select *p, int iBreak){
  Vdbe *v = 0;
  int iLimit = 0;
  int iOffset;
  int n;
  if( p->iLimit ) return;

  /* 
  ** "LIMIT -1" always shows all rows.  There is some
  ** controversy about what the correct behavior should be.
  ** The current implementation interprets "LIMIT 0" to mean
  ** no rows.
................................................................................
    }
    if( p->pOffset ){
      p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetIfNotPos, iOffset, iOffset, 0);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));



      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetIfNotPos, iLimit, iOffset+1, -1);
    }
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
** Return the appropriate collating sequence for the iCol-th column of
................................................................................
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, p->iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
        if( p->iOffset ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetIfNotPos, p->iOffset, p->iOffset, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, p->iLimit, p->iOffset, p->iOffset+1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetIfNotPos, p->iLimit, p->iOffset+1, -1);
        }
      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->fg.isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab!=0 );
    if( pFrom->fg.isRecursive ) continue;
    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );








#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
    if( withExpand(pWalker, pFrom) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( pFrom->pTab ) {} else
#endif
    if( pFrom->zName==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
static void selectAddSubqueryTypeInfo(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse;
  int i;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;

  assert( p->selFlags & SF_Resolved );
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo)==0 );
  p->selFlags |= SF_HasTypeInfo;
  pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
      if( pSel ){
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);

      }
    }
  }
}
#endif


................................................................................
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */
  int iEph = 0;          /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
  int nKey = 0;          /* Number of elements in regKey for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */

  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid = 0;   /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid = 0;   /* The new rowid */
  int regNew = 0;        /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */
  int regKey = 0;        /* composite PRIMARY KEY value */

  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);












  /* Allocate required registers. */
  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
    regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
      pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
    }
    if( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }

  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Virtual tables must be handled separately */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );

  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, regNew+i);
................................................................................
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Generate code for an UPDATE of a virtual table.
**
** There are two possible strategies - the default and the special 
** "onepass" strategy. Onepass is only used if the virtual table 
** implementation indicates that pWhere may match at most one row.
**
** The default strategy is to create an ephemeral table that contains
** for each row to be changed:
**
**   (A)  The original rowid of that row.
**   (B)  The revised rowid for the row.
**   (C)  The content of every column in the row.
**
** Then loop through the contents of this ephemeral table executing a


** VUpdate for each row. When finished, drop the ephemeral table.
**
** The "onepass" strategy does not use an ephemeral table. Instead, it
** stores the same values (A, B and C above) in a register array and
** makes a single invocation of VUpdate.


*/
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pSrc,       /* The virtual table to be modified */
  Table *pTab,         /* The virtual table */
  ExprList *pChanges,  /* The columns to change in the UPDATE statement */
  Expr *pRowid,        /* Expression used to recompute the rowid */
  int *aXRef,          /* Mapping from columns of pTab to entries in pChanges */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement */
  int onError          /* ON CONFLICT strategy */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* Virtual machine under construction */



  int ephemTab;             /* Table holding the result of the SELECT */
  int i;                    /* Loop counter */


  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  const char *pVTab = (const char*)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;
  int nArg = 2 + pTab->nCol;      /* Number of arguments to VUpdate */
  int regArg;                     /* First register in VUpdate arg array */
  int regRec;                     /* Register in which to assemble record */
  int regRowid;                   /* Register for ephem table rowid */
  int iCsr = pSrc->a[0].iCursor;  /* Cursor used for virtual table scan */
  int aDummy[2];                  /* Unused arg for sqlite3WhereOkOnePass() */
  int bOnePass;                   /* True to use onepass strategy */
  int addr;                       /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral */




  /* Allocate nArg registers to martial the arguments to VUpdate. Then
  ** create and open the ephemeral table in which the records created from
  ** these arguments will be temporarily stored. */
  assert( v );
  ephemTab = pParse->nTab++;
  addr= sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, ephemTab, nArg);
  regArg = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += nArg;
  regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
  regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;

  /* Start scanning the virtual table */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0,0,WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED,0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) return;

  /* Populate the argument registers. */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCsr, regArg);
  if( pRowid ){


    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowid, regArg+1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCsr, regArg+1);
  }

  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, regArg+2+i);
    }else{

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_VColumn, iCsr, i, regArg+2+i);
    }

  }







  bOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aDummy);





  if( bOnePass ){
    /* If using the onepass strategy, no-op out the OP_OpenEphemeral coded
    ** above. Also, if this is a top-level parse (not a trigger), clear the
    ** multi-write flag so that the VM does not open a statement journal */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addr);
    if( sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) ){
      pParse->isMultiWrite = 0;
    }
  }else{
    /* Create a record from the argument register contents and insert it into
    ** the ephemeral table. */


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regArg, nArg, regRec);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, ephemTab, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, ephemTab, regRec, regRowid);

  }


  if( bOnePass==0 ){
    /* End the virtual table scan */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Begin scannning through the ephemeral table. */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Extract arguments from the current row of the ephemeral table and 
    ** invoke the VUpdate method.  */
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i, regArg+i);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, nArg, regArg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);

  /* End of the ephemeral table scan. Or, if using the onepass strategy,
  ** jump to here if the scan visited zero rows. */
  if( bOnePass==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }


}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of update.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file vacuum.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2003 April 6
................................................................................

    /* Invoke the xBegin method. If successful, add the vtab to the 
    ** sqlite3.aVTrans[] array. */
    rc = growVTrans(db);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pModule->xBegin(pVTab->pVtab);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int iSvpt = db->nStatement + db->nSavepoint;
        addToVTrans(db, pVTab);
        if( iSvpt ) rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN, iSvpt-1);
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the name of the i-th column of the pIdx index.
*/
static const char *explainIndexColumnName(Index *pIdx, int i){
  i = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
  if( i==XN_EXPR ) return "<expr>";
  if( i==XN_ROWID ) return "rowid";
  return pIdx->pTable->aCol[i].zName;
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
................................................................................
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      testcase( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==XN_EXPR );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", explainIndexColumnName(pIdx, j)));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
................................................................................
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }

    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->op = pWInfo->eOnePass ? OP_Noop : OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
................................................................................
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace && pWInfo->eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s cursors: %d %d\n",
         pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE ? "ONEPASS_SINGLE" : "ONEPASS_MULTI",
         aiCur[0], aiCur[1]);
  }
#endif
  return pWInfo->eOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aiCur[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    iColumn = pScan->aiColumn[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    if( iColumn==XN_EXPR && pScan->pIdxExpr==0 ) return 0;
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (iColumn!=XN_EXPR
             || sqlite3ExprCompare(pTerm->pExpr->pLeft,pScan->pIdxExpr,iCur)==0)
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=1 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aiCur)
           && (pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight))->op==TK_COLUMN
          ){
................................................................................
  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  pScan->pIdxExpr = 0;
  if( pIdx ){
    j = iColumn;
    iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( iColumn==XN_EXPR ) pScan->pIdxExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
  }
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
................................................................................
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nKeyCol );
  pIdx->aiColumn[n] = XN_ROWID;
  pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";

  /* Create the automatic index */
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
................................................................................
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){
      int iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq];
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      assert( saved_nEq==pNew->u.btree.nEq );
      if( iCol==XN_ROWID 
       || (iCol>0 && nInMul==0 && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)
      ){
        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iCursor ){
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=XN_EXPR ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
................................................................................
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / (double)2;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 25;
    pIdxInfo->idxFlags = 0;
    rc = vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo);
    if( rc ) goto whereLoopAddVtab_exit;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    mxTerm = -1;
    assert( pNew->nLSlot>=nConstraint );
    for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++) pNew->aLTerm[i] = 0;
................................................................................
          }
          /* A virtual table that is constrained by an IN clause may not
          ** consume the ORDER BY clause because (1) the order of IN terms
          ** is not necessarily related to the order of output terms and
          ** (2) Multiple outputs from a single IN value will not merge
          ** together.  */
          pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
          pIdxInfo->idxFlags &= ~SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=nConstraint ){
      pNew->nLTerm = mxTerm+1;
      assert( pNew->nLTerm<=pNew->nLSlot );
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (i8)(pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ?
                                      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy : 0);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(pIdxInfo->estimatedRows);

      /* Set the WHERE_ONEROW flag if the xBestIndex() method indicated
      ** that the scan will visit at most one row. Clear it otherwise. */
      if( pIdxInfo->idxFlags & SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE ){
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
      }else{
        pNew->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_ONEROW;
      }
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
        nColumn = 1;
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==XN_ROWID
                          || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));
        isOrderDistinct = IsUniqueIndex(pIndex);
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
................................................................................
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          iColumn = XN_ROWID;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
        */
        if( isOrderDistinct
................................................................................
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start *** (wctrlFlags: 0x%x)\n",
             wctrlFlags));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){ /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];
            assert( x>=0 );
          }
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 );
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */
  int iPrevLangid;                /* Langid of recently inserted document */
  int bPrevDelete;                /* True if last operation was a delete */

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
................................................................................
static void fts3SetEstimatedRows(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo, i64 nRow){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008002
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008002 ){
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = nRow;
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Set the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag in pIdxInfo->flags. Unless this
** extension is currently being used by a version of SQLite too old to
** support index-info flags. In that case this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts3SetUniqueFlag(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008012
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008012 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxFlags |= SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
  }
#endif
}

/* 
** Implementation of the xBestIndex method for FTS3 tables. There
** are three possible strategies, in order of preference:
**
**   1. Direct lookup by rowid or docid. 
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* If using a docid=? or rowid=? strategy, set the UNIQUE flag. */
  if( pInfo->idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ) fts3SetUniqueFlag(pInfo);

  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
................................................................................
  Fts3Expr *pFree = 0;            /* List of free nodes. Linked by pParent. */
  int eType = pRoot->eType;       /* Type of node in this tree */

  if( nMaxDepth==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (eType==FTSQUERY_AND || eType==FTSQUERY_OR) ){
      Fts3Expr **apLeaf;
      apLeaf = (Fts3Expr **)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Fts3Expr *) * nMaxDepth);
      if( 0==apLeaf ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(apLeaf, 0, sizeof(Fts3Expr *) * nMaxDepth);
      }

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int i;
        Fts3Expr *p;

        /* Set $p to point to the left-most leaf in the tree of eType nodes. */
        for(p=pRoot; p->eType==eType; p=p->pLeft){
          assert( p->pParent==0 || p->pParent->pLeft==p );
          assert( p->pLeft && p->pRight );
        }

        /* This loop runs once for each leaf in the tree of eType nodes. */
        while( 1 ){
          int iLvl;
          Fts3Expr *pParent = p->pParent;     /* Current parent of p */

          assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pLeft==p );
          p->pParent = 0;
          if( pParent ){
            pParent->pLeft = 0;
          }else{
            pRoot = 0;
          }
          rc = fts3ExprBalance(&p, nMaxDepth-1);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

          for(iLvl=0; p && iLvl<nMaxDepth; iLvl++){
            if( apLeaf[iLvl]==0 ){
              apLeaf[iLvl] = p;
              p = 0;
            }else{
              assert( pFree );
              pFree->pLeft = apLeaf[iLvl];
              pFree->pRight = p;
              pFree->pLeft->pParent = pFree;
              pFree->pRight->pParent = pFree;

              p = pFree;
              pFree = pFree->pParent;
              p->pParent = 0;
              apLeaf[iLvl] = 0;
            }
          }
          if( p ){
            sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(p);
            rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
            break;
          }

          /* If that was the last leaf node, break out of the loop */
          if( pParent==0 ) break;

          /* Set $p to point to the next leaf in the tree of eType nodes */
          for(p=pParent->pRight; p->eType==eType; p=p->pLeft);

          /* Remove pParent from the original tree. */
          assert( pParent->pParent==0 || pParent->pParent->pLeft==pParent );
          pParent->pRight->pParent = pParent->pParent;
          if( pParent->pParent ){
            pParent->pParent->pLeft = pParent->pRight;
          }else{
            assert( pParent==pRoot );
            pRoot = pParent->pRight;
          }

          /* Link pParent into the free node list. It will be used as an
          ** internal node of the new tree.  */
          pParent->pParent = pFree;
          pFree = pParent;
        }

        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p = 0;
          for(i=0; i<nMaxDepth; i++){
            if( apLeaf[i] ){
              if( p==0 ){
                p = apLeaf[i];
                p->pParent = 0;
              }else{
                assert( pFree!=0 );
                pFree->pRight = p;
                pFree->pLeft = apLeaf[i];
                pFree->pLeft->pParent = pFree;
                pFree->pRight->pParent = pFree;

                p = pFree;
                pFree = pFree->pParent;
                p->pParent = 0;
              }
            }
          }
          pRoot = p;
        }else{
          /* An error occurred. Delete the contents of the apLeaf[] array 
          ** and pFree list. Everything else is cleaned up by the call to
          ** sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pRoot) below.  */
          Fts3Expr *pDel;
          for(i=0; i<nMaxDepth; i++){
            sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(apLeaf[i]);
          }
          while( (pDel=pFree)!=0 ){
            pFree = pDel->pParent;
            sqlite3_free(pDel);
          }
        }

        assert( pFree==0 );
        sqlite3_free( apLeaf );
      }
    }else if( eType==FTSQUERY_NOT ){
      Fts3Expr *pLeft = pRoot->pLeft;
      Fts3Expr *pRight = pRoot->pRight;

      pRoot->pLeft = 0;
      pRoot->pRight = 0;
      pLeft->pParent = 0;
      pRight->pParent = 0;

      rc = fts3ExprBalance(&pLeft, nMaxDepth-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = fts3ExprBalance(&pRight, nMaxDepth-1);
      }

      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pRight);
        sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pLeft);
      }else{
        assert( pLeft && pRight );
        pRoot->pLeft = pLeft;
        pLeft->pParent = pRoot;
        pRoot->pRight = pRight;
        pRight->pParent = pRoot;
      }
    }
  }
  
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pRoot);
    pRoot = 0;
  }
  *pp = pRoot;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/* 
** Calling this function indicates that subsequent calls to 
** fts3PendingTermsAdd() are to add term/position-list pairs for the
** contents of the document with docid iDocid.
*/
static int fts3PendingTermsDocid(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table handle */
  int bDelete,                    /* True if this op is a delete */
  int iLangid,                    /* Language id of row being written */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid             /* Docid of row being written */
){
  assert( iLangid>=0 );
  assert( bDelete==1 || bDelete==0 );

  /* TODO(shess) Explore whether partially flushing the buffer on
  ** forced-flush would provide better performance.  I suspect that if
  ** we ordered the doclists by size and flushed the largest until the
  ** buffer was half empty, that would let the less frequent terms
  ** generate longer doclists.
  */
  if( iDocid<p->iPrevDocid 
   || (iDocid==p->iPrevDocid && p->bPrevDelete==0)
   || p->iPrevLangid!=iLangid
   || p->nPendingData>p->nMaxPendingData 
  ){
    int rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  p->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  p->iPrevLangid = iLangid;
  p->bPrevDelete = bDelete;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash tables. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(Fts3Table *p){
................................................................................
  assert( *pbFound==0 );
  if( *pRC ) return;
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pSelect, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSelect) ){
      int i;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pSelect);
      i64 iDocid = sqlite3_column_int64(pSelect, 0);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 1, iLangid, iDocid);
      for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=p->nColumn; i++){
        int iCol = i-1;
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, -1, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pSelect, i);
        }
................................................................................
    pNext = &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist];
  }

  if( !pNext || pNext>=&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] ){

    if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      Fts3HashElem *pElem = *(pReader->ppNextElem);
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);
      pReader->aNode = 0;
      if( pElem ){
        char *aCopy;
        PendingList *pList = (PendingList *)fts3HashData(pElem);
        int nCopy = pList->nData+1;
        pReader->zTerm = (char *)fts3HashKey(pElem);
        pReader->nTerm = fts3HashKeysize(pElem);
        aCopy = (char*)sqlite3_malloc(nCopy);
        if( !aCopy ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        memcpy(aCopy, pList->aData, nCopy);
        pReader->nNode = pReader->nDoclist = nCopy;
        pReader->aNode = pReader->aDoclist = aCopy;
        pReader->ppNextElem++;
        assert( pReader->aNode );
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    fts3SegReaderSetEof(pReader);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Free all allocations associated with the iterator passed as the 
** second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SegReaderFree(Fts3SegReader *pReader){
  if( pReader ){
    if( !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->zTerm);
    }
    if( !fts3SegReaderIsRootOnly(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);

    }
    sqlite3_blob_close(pReader->pBlob);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pReader);
}

/*
** Allocate a new SegReader object.
*/
................................................................................
        aSzDel = &aSzIns[p->nColumn+1];
      }
    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 0, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      memset(aSz, 0, sizeof(aSz[0]) * (p->nColumn+1));
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
        }
................................................................................
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=p->iPrevDocid ) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 0, iLangid, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( p->iPrevDocid==*pRowid );
      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, iLangid, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
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120
121
122
123
....
5629
5630
5631
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5636
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5644
5645
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....
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5666
5667
5668
5669
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5671
5672





5673
5674
5675
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5677
5678
5679
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-09-28 14:40:20 9d057f52217e7ef9c3f3eb84117abe3365503f44"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.















**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.



*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */


};






/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







|
>
>
>







 







>
>


>
>
>
>
>







109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
....
5629
5630
5631
5632
5633
5634
5635
5636
5637
5638
5639
5640
5641
5642
5643
5644
5645
5646
5647
5648
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653
5654
5655
5656
5657
5658
5659
5660
5661
5662
5663
5664
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5667
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....
5682
5683
5684
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5686
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5690
5691
5692
5693
5694
5695
5696
5697
5698
5699
5700
5701
5702
5703
5704
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-10-07 17:06:17 13adcd038fc20dd1b6f344f79b449b4034f8f8f2"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a 
** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row. 
**
** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
** was added for version 3.8.12. It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3008012.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.12 and later */
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].