sqllogictest
Check-in [ba3a2680e0]
Not logged in

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to 3.8.4 beta.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:ba3a2680e0606803412d9fc246394625a4817df1
User & Date: drh 2014-03-05 19:27:35
Context
2014-03-06
20:18
Update to the latest 3.8.4 beta from upstream. check-in: 8e0f0b0fc2 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-03-05
19:27
Update the built-in SQLite to 3.8.4 beta. check-in: ba3a2680e0 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-02-11
07:54
Skip MSSQL for several tests that are incompatible with it. check-in: bf3dafd972 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
..
21
22
23
24
25
26
27






















































28
29
30
31
32
33
34
...
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
....
6146
6147
6148
6149
6150
6151
6152

6153
6154
6155
6156
6157
6158
6159
6160
....
7409
7410
7411
7412
7413
7414
7415
7416
7417
7418
7419
7420
7421
7422
7423
7424
7425
7426
7427
7428
7429
7430
7431
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
7440
7441
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
....
8839
8840
8841
8842
8843
8844
8845
8846
8847
8848
8849
8850
8851
8852
8853
8854
....
8980
8981
8982
8983
8984
8985
8986
8987
8988
8989



8990
8991
8992
8993
8994
8995
8996
....
9092
9093
9094
9095
9096
9097
9098


9099
9100

9101
9102
9103
9104
9105

9106
9107
9108
9109
9110
9111
9112
9113
9114
9115
9116
9117
9118
9119
9120
9121
9122
9123
9124
9125
9126
9127
9128
9129
9130
9131
9132
9133
9134

9135
9136
9137
9138
9139


9140
9141
9142
9143
9144
9145
9146
9147
9148
9149
9150
9151


9152
9153
9154
9155
9156
9157
9158
9159
9160
9161
9162
9163
9164
9165
9166
9167
9168
9169
9170
9171
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176


9177
9178
9179
9180
9181
9182
9183
9184
9185
9186
9187
9188


9189
9190
9191
9192
9193
9194
9195
9196
9197
9198
9199
9200
9201
9202
9203
9204
9205
9206
9207

9208
9209
9210
9211
9212
9213
9214
9215
9216
9217
9218
9219
9220
9221
9222
9223
9224
9225
9226




9227
9228
9229

9230
9231
9232
9233
9234
9235
9236
9237
9238
....
9241
9242
9243
9244
9245
9246
9247
9248
9249
9250
9251
9252
9253
9254
9255
9256
9257
9258
9259
9260
9261
9262
9263
9264
9265
9266
9267
9268
9269
9270
9271
9272
....
9274
9275
9276
9277
9278
9279
9280
9281
9282
9283
9284
9285
9286
9287
9288
....
9315
9316
9317
9318
9319
9320
9321
9322
9323



9324
9325
9326
9327
9328
9329
9330
....
9345
9346
9347
9348
9349
9350
9351



































9352
9353
9354
9355
9356
9357
9358
.....
10402
10403
10404
10405
10406
10407
10408
10409
10410
10411
10412
10413
10414
10415
10416
10417
.....
10629
10630
10631
10632
10633
10634
10635





10636
10637
10638
10639

10640
10641
10642
10643
10644
10645
10646
.....
10891
10892
10893
10894
10895
10896
10897



10898
10899
10900
10901
10902
10903


10904
10905
10906
10907
10908
10909
10910
10911
10912
10913
10914
10915
10916
10917
.....
11323
11324
11325
11326
11327
11328
11329
11330
11331
11332
11333
11334
11335
11336
11337
11338
11339
11340

11341
11342
11343
11344
11345
11346
11347
.....
11462
11463
11464
11465
11466
11467
11468
11469
11470
11471
11472
11473
11474
11475
11476
.....
11480
11481
11482
11483
11484
11485
11486
11487
11488
11489
11490

11491
11492
11493
11494
11495
11496
11497
.....
11662
11663
11664
11665
11666
11667
11668
11669
11670
11671
11672
11673
11674

11675
11676
11677
11678
11679
11680
11681
11682
11683
11684
11685
11686
11687
11688
11689
11690


11691
11692
11693
11694
11695
11696
11697
11698
11699

11700
11701
11702
11703
11704
11705
11706
11707
11708
11709
11710
11711
11712
11713
11714
.....
11719
11720
11721
11722
11723
11724
11725

11726
11727



11728
11729
11730
11731

11732
11733
11734
11735
11736
11737
11738
.....
11751
11752
11753
11754
11755
11756
11757
11758
11759
11760
11761
11762
11763
11764
11765
.....
11967
11968
11969
11970
11971
11972
11973







11974
11975
11976
11977
11978
11979
11980
.....
12300
12301
12302
12303
12304
12305
12306
12307
12308
12309
12310
12311
12312
12313
12314
.....
12348
12349
12350
12351
12352
12353
12354
12355

12356
12357
12358
12359
12360
12361
12362
12363
12364
12365
12366
.....
12390
12391
12392
12393
12394
12395
12396
12397
12398
12399
12400
12401
12402
12403
12404
.....
12534
12535
12536
12537
12538
12539
12540
12541
12542
12543
12544
12545
12546
12547
12548
.....
13346
13347
13348
13349
13350
13351
13352



13353
13354
13355
13356
13357
13358
13359
.....
13638
13639
13640
13641
13642
13643
13644
13645
13646
13647
13648
13649
13650
13651
13652
.....
13732
13733
13734
13735
13736
13737
13738
13739
13740
13741
13742
13743
13744
13745
13746
.....
13759
13760
13761
13762
13763
13764
13765

13766
13767
13768
13769
13770
13771
13772
13773
13774
13775
13776
13777
13778
13779
13780
13781
13782
13783
13784
13785
13786
.....
13793
13794
13795
13796
13797
13798
13799
13800
13801
13802
13803
13804
13805
13806
13807
.....
13955
13956
13957
13958
13959
13960
13961
13962
13963
13964
13965
13966
13967
13968
13969
.....
13988
13989
13990
13991
13992
13993
13994
13995
13996

13997
13998
13999
14000
14001
14002
14003
14004
14005
14006
14007
14008
14009
14010
14011
.....
14018
14019
14020
14021
14022
14023
14024

14025
14026
14027
14028
14029
14030
14031
.....
17765
17766
17767
17768
17769
17770
17771






17772
17773
17774
17775
17776
17777
17778
.....
17823
17824
17825
17826
17827
17828
17829







17830
17831
17832
17833
17834
17835
17836
.....
21388
21389
21390
21391
21392
21393
21394
21395
21396
21397
21398
21399
21400
21401
21402
.....
21516
21517
21518
21519
21520
21521
21522
21523
21524
21525
21526
21527
21528
21529
21530
.....
22726
22727
22728
22729
22730
22731
22732
22733
22734
22735
22736
22737
22738
22739

22740
22741
22742
22743
22744
22745
22746
.....
22756
22757
22758
22759
22760
22761
22762
22763
22764





22765




22766
22767
22768
22769
22770
22771
22772
.....
23204
23205
23206
23207
23208
23209
23210


23211
23212
23213
23214
23215
23216
23217

23218
23219
23220
23221
23222
23223
23224
23225
23226
23227
23228
23229
23230
23231
23232
23233
23234
23235
23236
23237
23238
23239
23240
23241
23242
23243
23244
23245
23246
23247
23248
23249
23250
23251


23252
23253
23254
23255
23256
23257
23258
23259
23260
23261
23262
23263


23264
23265
23266
23267
23268
23269
23270
23271
23272
23273
23274
23275
23276
23277
23278
23279
23280
23281
23282
23283
23284
23285
23286
23287
23288


23289
23290
23291
23292
23293
23294
23295
23296
23297
23298


23299
23300
23301
23302
23303
23304
23305
23306
23307
23308
23309
23310
23311
23312
23313
23314
23315
23316
23317
23318
23319

23320
23321
23322
23323
23324
23325
23326
23327
23328
23329
23330
23331
23332
23333
23334
23335
23336
23337
23338




23339
23340
23341

23342
23343
23344
23345
23346
23347
23348
23349
23350
.....
23428
23429
23430
23431
23432
23433
23434
23435
23436
23437
23438
23439
23440
23441
23442
23443
23444
23445
23446
23447
23448
23449
23450
23451
23452
23453
23454
23455
23456
23457
23458
23459
23460
23461
23462
23463
23464
23465
23466
23467
.....
34442
34443
34444
34445
34446
34447
34448
34449
34450
34451
34452
34453
34454
34455
34456
.....
36376
36377
36378
36379
36380
36381
36382
36383
36384
36385
36386
36387
36388
36389
36390
36391

36392
36393
36394
36395
36396
36397
36398
.....
36399
36400
36401
36402
36403
36404
36405

36406
36407
36408
36409
36410
36411
36412
36413

36414
36415



36416
36417
36418
36419

36420
36421
36422
36423
36424
36425
36426
.....
37108
37109
37110
37111
37112
37113
37114
37115

37116
37117
37118
37119
37120
37121
37122
.....
37175
37176
37177
37178
37179
37180
37181




37182
37183
37184
37185
37186
37187
37188
.....
37195
37196
37197
37198
37199
37200
37201



37202
37203
37204
37205
37206
37207
37208
.....
37264
37265
37266
37267
37268
37269
37270

37271
37272
37273
37274
37275
37276
37277
.....
37303
37304
37305
37306
37307
37308
37309
37310
37311
37312
37313
37314
37315
37316
37317
37318
37319
37320
37321
37322




37323
37324
37325
37326
37327
37328
37329
37330
37331
37332
37333
37334







37335
37336
37337
37338
37339
37340
37341
37342
37343
37344
.....
41072
41073
41074
41075
41076
41077
41078
41079
41080
41081
41082
41083
41084
41085
41086
.....
47918
47919
47920
47921
47922
47923
47924
47925
47926
47927
47928
47929
47930
47931
47932
.....
49289
49290
49291
49292
49293
49294
49295
49296
49297
49298
49299
49300
49301
49302
49303
.....
50227
50228
50229
50230
50231
50232
50233
50234
50235
50236
50237
50238
50239
50240
50241
.....
52211
52212
52213
52214
52215
52216
52217
52218
52219
52220
52221
52222
52223
52224
52225
52226
52227
52228
52229
52230
52231
.....
54301
54302
54303
54304
54305
54306
54307
54308
54309
54310
54311
54312
54313
54314
54315
.....
54342
54343
54344
54345
54346
54347
54348
54349
54350
54351
54352
54353
54354
54355
54356
54357
54358
54359
54360
54361
54362
54363
54364
54365
54366
54367
54368
54369
54370
54371
54372
54373
54374
54375
54376
54377
54378
54379
54380
54381
54382
54383
54384
54385
.....
55248
55249
55250
55251
55252
55253
55254

55255
55256
55257
55258
55259
55260
55261
.....
55268
55269
55270
55271
55272
55273
55274










55275
55276
55277
55278
55279
55280
55281
.....
55301
55302
55303
55304
55305
55306
55307
55308
55309
55310
55311
55312
55313
55314
55315
.....
55353
55354
55355
55356
55357
55358
55359
55360
55361
55362
55363
55364
55365
55366
55367
55368
55369
55370
55371
55372
55373
55374
.....
55381
55382
55383
55384
55385
55386
55387
55388
55389
55390
55391
55392
55393
55394
55395
.....
55446
55447
55448
55449
55450
55451
55452









55453
55454
55455
55456
55457
55458
55459
55460

55461
55462
55463
55464
55465
55466
55467
.....
55532
55533
55534
55535
55536
55537
55538









55539
55540
55541
55542
55543
55544
55545

55546
55547
55548
55549
55550
55551
55552
.....
57635
57636
57637
57638
57639
57640
57641

57642
57643
57644
57645
57646







57647
57648
57649
57650
57651
57652
57653
.....
57709
57710
57711
57712
57713
57714
57715
57716
57717

57718
57719
57720
57721
57722
57723
57724
.....
57765
57766
57767
57768
57769
57770
57771
57772
57773
57774
57775
57776
57777
57778
57779
.....
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922
59923
59924




































59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
.....
59968
59969
59970
59971
59972
59973
59974
59975
59976
59977
59978
59979
59980
59981
59982
59983
59984
59985
59986
59987
.....
59991
59992
59993
59994
59995
59996
59997
59998

59999
60000
60001
60002
60003
60004
60005
60006
60007
60008
60009
60010
60011
60012
60013
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
.....
60175
60176
60177
60178
60179
60180
60181
60182
60183
60184
60185
60186
60187
60188
60189
60190
60191
60192
60193
60194
60195
60196
60197
60198
60199

60200
60201
60202
60203
60204
60205
60206
.....
60381
60382
60383
60384
60385
60386
60387
60388
60389
60390
60391
60392
60393
60394
60395
60396
60397
60398
60399
60400
60401
60402
60403
60404
60405
60406
60407
60408
.....
60417
60418
60419
60420
60421
60422
60423
60424
60425
60426
60427
60428
60429
60430
60431
.....
60432
60433
60434
60435
60436
60437
60438
60439
60440
60441
60442
60443
60444
60445
60446
.....
60488
60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
60494
60495
60496
60497
60498
60499
60500
60501
60502
.....
60530
60531
60532
60533
60534
60535
60536

60537
60538
60539
60540
60541
60542
60543
.....
60640
60641
60642
60643
60644
60645
60646
60647
60648
60649
60650
60651
60652
60653
60654
.....
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665
60666
60667
60668
60669
60670
60671
60672
60673
60674
60675
60676
60677
60678
60679
60680
60681
60682
60683
60684
60685
60686
60687
60688
60689
60690
60691
60692
60693
60694
60695
60696
60697
60698
60699
60700
60701
60702
60703
60704
60705
60706
60707
60708
60709
60710
60711
60712
60713
60714
60715
60716
60717
60718
60719
60720
60721
60722
60723
60724
60725
60726
60727
60728
60729
60730
60731
60732
60733
60734
60735
60736
60737
60738
60739
60740
60741
60742
60743
60744
60745
60746
60747
60748
60749
60750
60751
60752
60753
60754
60755
60756
60757
60758
60759
60760
60761
60762
60763
60764
60765
60766
60767
60768
60769
60770
60771
60772
60773
60774
60775
60776
60777
60778
60779
60780
60781
.....
60808
60809
60810
60811
60812
60813
60814

60815
60816
60817
60818
60819
60820
60821
60822
60823

60824
60825
60826



60827
60828
60829
60830
60831
60832
60833
60834
60835
60836
60837
.....
60881
60882
60883
60884
60885
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
60895
.....
60927
60928
60929
60930
60931
60932
60933
60934
60935
60936
60937
60938
60939
60940
60941
60942
60943
60944
60945
.....
61004
61005
61006
61007
61008
61009
61010
61011
61012
61013
61014
61015
61016
61017
61018
.....
61022
61023
61024
61025
61026
61027
61028
61029
61030
61031
61032
61033
61034
61035
61036
61037
61038
.....
61050
61051
61052
61053
61054
61055
61056
61057
61058
61059
61060
61061
61062
61063
61064
61065
61066
.....
61216
61217
61218
61219
61220
61221
61222
61223
61224
61225
61226
61227
61228
61229
61230
.....
61461
61462
61463
61464
61465
61466
61467



61468
61469
61470
61471
61472
61473
61474
.....
61823
61824
61825
61826
61827
61828
61829
61830
61831
61832
61833
61834
61835
61836
61837
.....
61850
61851
61852
61853
61854
61855
61856





61857
61858
61859
61860
61861
61862
61863
.....
62139
62140
62141
62142
62143
62144
62145









62146
62147
62148
62149
62150
62151
62152
62153
62154
62155
62156
62157
62158
62159
62160
62161
62162
62163
62164
62165
62166
62167
62168
62169
62170
62171
62172
62173
62174
62175
62176
62177
62178
62179
62180
62181
62182
.....
62473
62474
62475
62476
62477
62478
62479
62480
62481
62482
62483
62484
62485
62486
62487
.....
62502
62503
62504
62505
62506
62507
62508

62509
62510
62511
62512
62513
62514
62515
.....
62522
62523
62524
62525
62526
62527
62528
62529
62530
62531
62532
62533
62534
62535
62536
.....
62644
62645
62646
62647
62648
62649
62650
62651
62652
62653
62654
62655
62656
62657
62658
62659
62660
62661
62662
62663
62664
62665
62666
.....
62678
62679
62680
62681
62682
62683
62684
62685
62686
62687
62688
62689
62690
62691
62692
62693
62694
62695
62696
62697
62698
62699
62700
62701
62702
62703
62704
62705
62706
62707
62708
62709
62710
62711
62712
62713
62714
62715
62716
62717
62718
62719
62720
62721
62722
62723
62724
62725
62726
62727
62728
62729
62730
62731
62732
62733
62734
62735
62736
62737
62738
62739
62740
62741
62742
62743
62744
.....
62753
62754
62755
62756
62757
62758
62759
62760
62761
62762
62763
62764
62765
62766
62767
.....
62772
62773
62774
62775
62776
62777
62778
62779
62780
62781
62782
62783
62784
62785
62786
.....
62990
62991
62992
62993
62994
62995
62996
62997
62998
62999
63000
63001
63002
63003
63004
.....
63102
63103
63104
63105
63106
63107
63108
63109
63110
63111
63112
63113
63114
63115
63116
.....
63851
63852
63853
63854
63855
63856
63857










63858
63859


63860
63861
63862
63863

63864
63865
63866
63867
63868
63869
63870
.....
64211
64212
64213
64214
64215
64216
64217








64218
64219
64220
64221
64222
64223
64224
64225
64226
64227
64228
64229
64230
64231
64232
64233
64234
64235
64236
64237
64238
64239
64240
64241
64242
64243
64244
64245
64246
64247
64248
64249
64250
64251
64252
64253
64254
64255
64256
64257
64258
64259
64260
64261
64262
64263
64264
64265
64266
64267
64268
64269
64270
64271
.....
64275
64276
64277
64278
64279
64280
64281
64282
64283
64284
64285
64286
64287
64288
64289
64290
.....
64372
64373
64374
64375
64376
64377
64378
64379
64380
64381
64382
64383
64384
64385
64386
.....
64393
64394
64395
64396
64397
64398
64399

64400
64401
64402
64403
64404
64405
64406
64407
64408
64409
64410
64411
64412
64413
64414
64415
64416
64417
64418
64419
64420
64421
64422
64423
64424
64425
64426
.....
64486
64487
64488
64489
64490
64491
64492
64493
64494
64495
64496

64497
64498






64499




















































































































64500
64501







































































































64502
64503
64504













64505
64506
64507





















































































64508
64509
64510




















































































































































































































64511
64512
64513
64514
64515
64516
64517
.....
64594
64595
64596
64597
64598
64599
64600
64601
64602
64603
64604
64605
64606
64607
64608
64609
64610
64611
64612
64613
64614
64615
64616
64617
64618
64619
64620
64621
64622
64623
64624
64625
64626
64627
64628
64629
64630
64631
64632
.....
64682
64683
64684
64685
64686
64687
64688
64689
64690
64691
64692
64693
64694
64695
64696
.....
64856
64857
64858
64859
64860
64861
64862
64863
64864
64865
64866
64867
64868
64869
64870
.....
64893
64894
64895
64896
64897
64898
64899
64900


































64901
64902
64903
64904
64905
64906
64907
.....
65414
65415
65416
65417
65418
65419
65420
























65421
65422
65423
65424
65425
65426
65427
.....
65430
65431
65432
65433
65434
65435
65436
65437
65438
65439
65440
65441
65442
65443
65444
65445
65446
65447
65448
65449
65450
65451
65452
65453
65454
65455
65456
65457
65458
65459
65460
65461
65462
65463
65464
65465
65466
65467
65468
65469
.....
65852
65853
65854
65855
65856
65857
65858
65859
65860
65861
65862
65863
65864
65865
65866
.....
66353
66354
66355
66356
66357
66358
66359
66360
66361
66362
66363
66364
66365
66366
66367
66368
66369
66370
66371
66372
66373
66374
66375
66376
66377
66378
66379
66380
66381
66382
66383
66384
66385
66386
66387
66388
66389
66390
66391
66392
66393
66394
66395
66396
66397
66398




66399
66400
66401
66402
66403
66404
66405
.....
66450
66451
66452
66453
66454
66455
66456
66457
66458
66459
66460
66461
66462
66463
66464
.....
66470
66471
66472
66473
66474
66475
66476




























66477
66478
66479
66480
66481
66482
66483
.....
66487
66488
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497
66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
66503
66504
66505
66506
66507
66508
66509
66510
66511
66512
66513
66514
66515
66516
66517
66518
66519
66520
66521
66522
66523
66524
66525
66526
66527
66528
66529
66530
66531
66532
.....
66648
66649
66650
66651
66652
66653
66654


66655
66656
66657
66658

66659
66660
66661
66662
66663
66664
66665
66666
66667
.....
66756
66757
66758
66759
66760
66761
66762
66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768
66769
66770
.....
66888
66889
66890
66891
66892
66893
66894
66895
66896
66897
66898
66899
66900
66901
66902
66903
66904
66905
66906
66907
66908
66909
66910
66911
66912
66913
66914
66915
.....
66925
66926
66927
66928
66929
66930
66931
66932
66933
66934
66935
66936
66937
66938
66939
66940
66941
66942
66943
66944
66945
66946
66947
66948
66949
66950
66951
66952
66953
66954
66955
66956
66957
66958
66959
66960
66961
66962
66963
66964
66965
66966
66967
.....
66979
66980
66981
66982
66983
66984
66985
66986
66987
66988
66989
66990
66991
66992
66993
.....
66997
66998
66999
67000
67001
67002
67003
67004
67005
67006
67007
67008
67009
67010
67011
.....
67041
67042
67043
67044
67045
67046
67047
67048
67049
67050
67051
67052
67053
67054
67055
.....
67089
67090
67091
67092
67093
67094
67095

67096
67097
67098
67099
67100
67101

67102
67103
67104
67105
67106
67107

67108
67109
67110
67111
67112
67113
67114
.....
67173
67174
67175
67176
67177
67178
67179
67180
67181
67182
67183
67184
67185
67186
67187
.....
67202
67203
67204
67205
67206
67207
67208
67209
67210
67211
67212
67213
67214
67215
67216
67217
67218
67219
67220

67221
67222
67223
67224
67225

67226
67227
67228








































67229
67230
67231




67232
67233
67234
67235
67236

67237
67238
67239
67240
67241
67242
67243
67244
67245
67246
67247
67248
67249
67250
67251
67252
67253
.....
67387
67388
67389
67390
67391
67392
67393
67394


67395
67396
67397
67398
67399
67400
67401
67402
67403
67404
67405
67406
67407
67408
67409
67410
67411
67412
67413
67414
67415
67416
67417
.....
67461
67462
67463
67464
67465
67466
67467













67468

67469
67470
67471
67472
67473
67474
67475
67476
.....
67481
67482
67483
67484
67485
67486
67487
67488
67489
67490
67491
67492
67493
67494
67495
.....
67525
67526
67527
67528
67529
67530
67531

67532
67533
67534
67535
67536
67537
67538
67539


67540
67541
67542
67543
67544
67545
67546
.....
67600
67601
67602
67603
67604
67605
67606
67607
67608
67609
67610
67611
67612
67613
67614
67615
.....
67666
67667
67668
67669
67670
67671
67672
67673
67674
67675
67676
67677
67678
67679
67680
.....
67709
67710
67711
67712
67713
67714
67715
67716
67717
67718
67719

67720
67721
67722
67723
67724
67725
67726
.....
67912
67913
67914
67915
67916
67917
67918
67919
67920
67921
67922
67923
67924
67925
67926
.....
68091
68092
68093
68094
68095
68096
68097

68098
68099
68100
68101
68102
68103
68104
.....
68129
68130
68131
68132
68133
68134
68135
68136
68137
68138
68139
68140
68141
68142
68143
.....
68331
68332
68333
68334
68335
68336
68337

68338
68339
68340
68341
68342
68343
68344
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355
68356





68357
68358
68359
68360
68361
68362
68363
.....
68382
68383
68384
68385
68386
68387
68388


68389
68390
68391
68392
68393
68394
68395
68396
68397
68398
68399
.....
68482
68483
68484
68485
68486
68487
68488
68489
68490
68491
68492
68493
68494
68495
68496
68497
68498
68499
68500
.....
68584
68585
68586
68587
68588
68589
68590
68591


68592
68593
68594

68595
68596
68597
68598
68599
68600
68601
.....
68622
68623
68624
68625
68626
68627
68628

68629
68630
68631
68632
68633
68634
68635
68636
68637
68638
68639
68640
68641

68642
68643
68644
68645
68646
68647
68648
68649
68650
68651
68652
68653
68654

68655
68656
68657
68658
68659
68660
68661
.....
68724
68725
68726
68727
68728
68729
68730
68731
68732
68733
68734
68735
68736
68737
68738
68739
68740
68741
68742
.....
68879
68880
68881
68882
68883
68884
68885

68886
68887
68888
68889
68890
68891
68892
.....
68916
68917
68918
68919
68920
68921
68922
68923
68924
68925
68926
68927
68928
68929
68930
68931
.....
68954
68955
68956
68957
68958
68959
68960
68961
68962
68963
68964
68965
68966
68967
68968
.....
69032
69033
69034
69035
69036
69037
69038
69039
69040

69041
69042
69043
69044
69045
69046
69047
.....
69100
69101
69102
69103
69104
69105
69106
69107
69108
69109
69110
69111
69112
69113
69114
.....
69377
69378
69379
69380
69381
69382
69383
69384
69385
69386
69387
69388


69389
69390
69391
69392
69393
69394
69395
69396
69397
69398
69399
69400
69401
69402
69403
69404
69405
69406
69407
69408
69409
69410
69411
69412
69413









69414
69415
69416


69417
69418
69419
69420
69421
69422
69423
.....
69453
69454
69455
69456
69457
69458
69459





























69460
69461
69462
69463
69464
69465
69466
.....
69524
69525
69526
69527
69528
69529
69530
69531
69532
69533
69534
69535
69536
69537
69538
69539
69540
69541
69542
69543
69544
69545
69546
69547
69548
69549
69550
69551
69552
69553
69554
69555
69556
69557
69558
69559
69560
69561
69562
69563
69564
69565
69566
69567
69568
69569
69570
69571
69572
69573
69574
69575
69576
69577
69578
69579
69580
69581
69582
69583
69584
69585
69586
69587
69588
69589
69590
69591
69592
69593
69594
69595
69596
69597
.....
69800
69801
69802
69803
69804
69805
69806
69807
69808
69809
69810
69811
69812
69813
69814
.....
69820
69821
69822
69823
69824
69825
69826
69827
69828
69829
69830
69831
69832
69833
69834
69835
69836
69837
69838
69839
69840
69841
.....
69847
69848
69849
69850
69851
69852
69853
69854
69855
69856
69857
69858
69859
69860
69861
.....
69919
69920
69921
69922
69923
69924
69925
69926
69927
69928
69929
69930
69931
69932
69933
69934
69935
69936
69937
69938
69939
69940
69941
69942
69943
69944
69945
69946
69947
69948
69949
69950
69951
.....
69957
69958
69959
69960
69961
69962
69963
69964
69965
69966
69967
69968
69969
69970
69971
69972
69973
69974
69975
69976
69977
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
69983
69984
69985
69986
69987
69988
69989
69990
69991
69992
69993
69994
69995
.....
70000
70001
70002
70003
70004
70005
70006
70007
70008
70009
70010
70011
70012
70013
70014
70015
70016
70017
70018
70019
70020
70021
70022
70023
70024
.....
70028
70029
70030
70031
70032
70033
70034
70035
70036

70037
70038
70039
70040
70041
70042
70043
70044
70045

70046
70047
70048
70049
70050
70051
70052
70053
70054
70055
70056

70057
70058
70059
70060
70061
70062
70063
.....
70158
70159
70160
70161
70162
70163
70164
70165
70166
70167
70168
70169
70170
70171
70172
70173
70174
70175
70176
70177
70178
70179
70180
70181
70182
70183
70184
70185

70186
70187
70188
70189
70190
70191
70192
70193
70194
70195
70196
70197
70198
70199
.....
70203
70204
70205
70206
70207
70208
70209

70210
70211

70212
70213
70214
70215
70216
70217
70218
.....
70247
70248
70249
70250
70251
70252
70253

70254
70255
70256
70257
70258
70259
70260
.....
70328
70329
70330
70331
70332
70333
70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340
70341
70342
70343
70344
70345
70346
70347
70348
70349
70350
70351
70352
70353
70354
70355
70356
70357
70358
70359
70360
70361
70362
70363
70364
70365
70366
70367
70368
70369
70370
70371
70372
70373
70374
70375
70376
70377
70378
70379
70380
70381
70382
70383
70384
70385
70386
70387
70388
70389
70390
70391
70392
70393
70394
.....
70514
70515
70516
70517
70518
70519
70520
70521
70522
70523
70524
70525
70526
70527
70528
.....
70576
70577
70578
70579
70580
70581
70582
70583
70584
70585
70586
70587
70588
70589
70590
.....
70628
70629
70630
70631
70632
70633
70634

70635
70636
70637
70638
70639
70640
70641
.....
70665
70666
70667
70668
70669
70670
70671
70672
70673
70674
70675
70676
70677
70678
70679
.....
70827
70828
70829
70830
70831
70832
70833
70834

70835
70836
70837
70838
70839
70840
70841
70842
.....
70885
70886
70887
70888
70889
70890
70891

70892
70893
70894
70895
70896
70897
70898
70899
70900
70901
70902
70903
70904
70905
70906





70907
70908
70909
70910
70911
70912
70913
70914
70915
70916
70917
70918
70919
70920
70921
70922
70923
70924
70925
70926
70927
70928
70929





70930
70931
70932
70933
70934
70935
70936
70937
70938
70939
70940
70941
70942
70943
70944
.....
70952
70953
70954
70955
70956
70957
70958

70959
70960
70961


70962
70963
70964
70965
70966
70967
70968

70969
70970
70971
70972
70973
70974
70975
.....
70985
70986
70987
70988
70989
70990
70991








70992
70993
70994
70995
70996
70997
70998
.....
71046
71047
71048
71049
71050
71051
71052
71053
71054
71055
71056
71057
71058
71059
71060
.....
71100
71101
71102
71103
71104
71105
71106
71107
71108

71109
71110
71111



71112
71113
71114
71115
71116






71117
71118
71119
71120
71121
71122
71123

71124
71125
71126



71127
71128
71129







71130


71131
71132
71133
71134
71135
71136
71137
71138
71139
.....
71140
71141
71142
71143
71144
71145
71146
71147
71148

71149
71150


71151
71152
71153
71154
71155
71156
71157


71158
71159
71160
71161
71162
71163

71164
71165
71166
71167
71168
71169
71170
.....
71249
71250
71251
71252
71253
71254
71255
71256
71257
71258
71259
71260
71261
71262
71263
.....
71518
71519
71520
71521
71522
71523
71524

71525
71526
71527

71528
71529
71530
71531
71532
71533
71534
.....
71572
71573
71574
71575
71576
71577
71578

71579
71580
71581
71582
71583
71584
71585
.....
71586
71587
71588
71589
71590
71591
71592
71593
71594
71595
71596
71597
71598
71599
71600
71601
71602
71603
71604


71605
71606
71607
71608
71609
71610
71611
.....
71675
71676
71677
71678
71679
71680
71681
71682
71683
71684
71685
71686
71687
71688
71689
.....
71762
71763
71764
71765
71766
71767
71768

71769
71770

71771
71772
71773
71774
71775
71776
71777
.....
71812
71813
71814
71815
71816
71817
71818

71819
71820
71821
71822
71823
71824
71825
.....
71829
71830
71831
71832
71833
71834
71835

71836
71837
71838
71839
71840
71841
71842
.....
71848
71849
71850
71851
71852
71853
71854

71855
71856
71857
71858
71859
71860
71861
.....
71882
71883
71884
71885
71886
71887
71888
71889
71890
71891
71892
71893
71894
71895
71896
.....
71985
71986
71987
71988
71989
71990
71991
71992
71993
71994
71995
71996
71997
71998
71999
.....
72119
72120
72121
72122
72123
72124
72125

72126
72127
72128
72129
72130
72131
72132
.....
72315
72316
72317
72318
72319
72320
72321
72322
72323
72324
72325
72326
72327
72328
72329
72330
72331
72332
72333
72334
72335
72336
72337
72338
72339
.....
72430
72431
72432
72433
72434
72435
72436
72437
72438
72439
72440
72441
72442
72443
72444
.....
72471
72472
72473
72474
72475
72476
72477
72478
72479
72480
72481
72482
72483
72484
72485
.....
72494
72495
72496
72497
72498
72499
72500



72501
72502
72503
72504
72505
72506
72507
.....
72519
72520
72521
72522
72523
72524
72525
72526
72527
72528
72529
72530
72531
72532
72533
.....
72582
72583
72584
72585
72586
72587
72588
72589
72590




72591
72592
72593



72594
72595

72596
72597
72598




72599
72600
72601
72602
72603
72604
72605
.....
72617
72618
72619
72620
72621
72622
72623

72624
72625
72626
72627
72628
72629
72630
72631
72632
72633
.....
72651
72652
72653
72654
72655
72656
72657
72658
72659
72660
72661
72662
72663
72664
72665
72666
72667
72668
.....
72880
72881
72882
72883
72884
72885
72886

72887
72888
72889
72890
72891
72892
72893
72894
72895
72896
72897
72898
72899
72900
72901
72902
72903
72904
72905
72906
72907
72908
72909
.....
73008
73009
73010
73011
73012
73013
73014
73015
73016
73017
73018
73019
73020
73021
73022
73023
73024
73025
73026
73027
73028
73029
73030
73031
73032
73033
73034
73035
73036
73037
73038
73039
73040
73041
73042
73043
73044
73045
73046
73047
73048
73049
73050
73051
73052
73053
73054
73055
73056
73057
73058
73059
73060
73061
.....
73632
73633
73634
73635
73636
73637
73638
73639
73640
73641
73642
73643
73644
73645
73646
73647
73648
73649
.....
75272
75273
75274
75275
75276
75277
75278


75279
75280
75281
75282
75283
75284
75285
.....
75315
75316
75317
75318
75319
75320
75321
75322
75323
75324
75325
75326
75327
75328
75329
75330
.....
77447
77448
77449
77450
77451
77452
77453
77454
77455
77456
77457

77458
77459
77460
77461
77462
77463
77464
.....
77756
77757
77758
77759
77760
77761
77762
77763
77764
77765
77766
77767
77768
77769
77770
77771
77772
77773
77774
77775
77776
77777
77778
77779
77780
77781
77782
77783
77784
77785
77786
77787
.....
77970
77971
77972
77973
77974
77975
77976
77977
77978
77979
77980
77981
77982
77983
77984
77985
77986
77987
77988
77989
77990

77991
77992
77993
77994
77995
77996
77997
.....
78008
78009
78010
78011
78012
78013
78014
78015
78016
78017
78018
78019
78020
78021
78022
78023
78024
78025
78026

78027
78028
78029
78030
78031
78032
78033
.....
78108
78109
78110
78111
78112
78113
78114
78115
78116
78117
78118
78119
78120
78121
78122
.....
78149
78150
78151
78152
78153
78154
78155
78156
78157
78158
78159
78160
78161
78162
78163
.....
78225
78226
78227
78228
78229
78230
78231

78232
78233
78234
78235
78236
78237
78238
.....
78348
78349
78350
78351
78352
78353
78354
78355
78356
78357
78358

78359
78360
78361
78362
78363
78364
78365
78366
78367

78368
78369
78370
78371
78372
78373
78374
.....
78381
78382
78383
78384
78385
78386
78387
78388
78389
78390
78391
78392
78393
78394
78395
78396
78397
78398
78399
78400

78401
78402
78403
78404
78405
78406
78407
78408

78409

78410
78411
78412
78413
78414
78415
78416
78417
78418
78419
78420
78421
78422
78423
78424
78425
78426
.....
78933
78934
78935
78936
78937
78938
78939
78940
78941
78942
78943
78944
78945
78946
78947
78948
78949
78950
78951
78952
78953
78954
78955






78956
78957
78958
78959
78960
78961
78962
78963
78964
78965
78966
78967
78968


78969
78970
78971
78972
78973
78974
78975
.....
78978
78979
78980
78981
78982
78983
78984
78985
78986
78987
78988
78989
78990
78991
78992
78993
78994
78995
78996
78997
78998
78999
79000
79001
79002
79003
79004
79005
79006
79007
79008
79009
79010
79011
79012
79013
.....
79031
79032
79033
79034
79035
79036
79037
79038
79039
79040
79041
79042
79043
79044
79045
79046
79047
79048
79049
79050
79051
79052
79053
79054
79055
79056
79057
79058


79059
79060
79061
79062
79063
79064
79065
.....
79103
79104
79105
79106
79107
79108
79109

79110
79111
79112
79113
79114
79115
79116
.....
79240
79241
79242
79243
79244
79245
79246
79247
79248
79249
79250
79251
79252
79253

79254
79255
79256
79257
79258
79259
79260
.....
79413
79414
79415
79416
79417
79418
79419

79420
79421
79422
79423
79424
79425
79426
.....
79500
79501
79502
79503
79504
79505
79506
79507
79508
79509
79510
79511
79512
79513
79514
79515
79516
79517
79518
79519
79520














79521
79522
79523
79524
79525
79526
79527
.....
79528
79529
79530
79531
79532
79533
79534
79535
79536
79537
79538

79539
79540
79541
79542
79543
79544
79545
79546
79547
79548

79549
79550
79551
79552
79553
79554
79555
79556
79557
79558
79559
79560
.....
79981
79982
79983
79984
79985
79986
79987
79988
79989
79990
79991
79992
79993
79994
79995
79996
79997
79998
79999
80000
80001
80002
80003
80004






80005
80006
80007
80008
80009
80010
80011
80012
80013
80014
80015
80016
80017


80018
80019
80020
80021
80022
80023
80024
80025
80026
80027
80028
80029


80030
80031
80032
80033
80034
80035
80036
.....
80049
80050
80051
80052
80053
80054
80055

80056
80057
80058
80059
80060
80061
80062
.....
80140
80141
80142
80143
80144
80145
80146
80147
80148
80149
80150
80151
80152
80153
80154
80155
80156
80157






80158
80159
80160
80161
80162
80163
80164
80165
80166
80167
80168
80169
80170


80171
80172
80173
80174
80175
80176
80177
80178
80179
80180


80181
80182
80183
80184
80185
80186
80187
.....
80202
80203
80204
80205
80206
80207
80208

80209
80210
80211
80212
80213
80214
80215
.....
80748
80749
80750
80751
80752
80753
80754
80755
80756
80757
80758
80759
80760
80761
80762
80763
.....
80801
80802
80803
80804
80805
80806
80807
80808
80809
80810
80811
80812
80813
80814
80815
.....
80887
80888
80889
80890
80891
80892
80893
80894
80895
80896
80897
80898
80899
80900
80901
80902
.....
81140
81141
81142
81143
81144
81145
81146
81147
81148
81149
81150
81151
81152
81153
81154
.....
81276
81277
81278
81279
81280
81281
81282

81283
81284
81285
81286
81287
81288
81289
.....
82576
82577
82578
82579
82580
82581
82582

82583
82584
82585
82586
82587
82588
82589
.....
82597
82598
82599
82600
82601
82602
82603

82604
82605
82606
82607
82608
82609
82610
.....
82643
82644
82645
82646
82647
82648
82649
82650
82651
82652
82653
82654
82655
82656
82657
.....
82670
82671
82672
82673
82674
82675
82676

82677
82678
82679
82680

82681
82682
82683
82684
82685
82686
82687
82688
82689
82690
82691
82692
82693
82694
82695
82696
82697
82698
.....
82704
82705
82706
82707
82708
82709
82710
82711
82712
82713
82714
82715
82716
82717
82718
.....
84242
84243
84244
84245
84246
84247
84248
84249
84250
84251

84252
84253
84254
84255
84256
84257
84258
84259
84260
84261
84262


84263
84264
84265
84266
84267
84268
84269
.....
84276
84277
84278
84279
84280
84281
84282
84283
84284
84285
84286

84287
84288
84289
84290
84291
84292
84293
84294
84295
84296
84297
84298
84299
84300
.....
84309
84310
84311
84312
84313
84314
84315
84316
84317
84318
84319
84320
84321
84322
84323
.....
85041
85042
85043
85044
85045
85046
85047
85048
85049
85050
85051
85052
85053
85054
85055
.....
86768
86769
86770
86771
86772
86773
86774
86775
86776
86777
86778
86779
86780
86781
86782
86783
86784
86785
86786
86787
86788
86789
86790
86791
86792
86793
86794
86795
86796
86797
86798
86799
86800
86801
86802
86803
86804
86805
86806
86807
86808
86809
86810
86811
.....
87566
87567
87568
87569
87570
87571
87572
87573
87574
87575
87576
87577
87578
87579
87580
87581
87582
87583
87584
87585
87586
87587
87588
87589
87590
87591
87592
87593
87594
87595
87596
87597
87598
87599
87600
.....
87918
87919
87920
87921
87922
87923
87924
87925
87926
87927
87928
87929
87930
87931
87932
87933
87934
87935
87936
87937
87938
87939
87940
87941
87942
87943
87944
87945
87946
87947
87948
87949
87950
87951
87952
87953
87954
87955
87956
87957
87958
87959
87960
87961
87962
87963
87964
87965
87966
87967
87968
87969
87970
87971
87972
87973
87974
87975
87976
87977
87978
87979
87980
87981
87982
87983
87984
.....
88941
88942
88943
88944
88945
88946
88947
88948
88949
88950
88951
88952
88953
88954
88955
88956
88957
88958
88959
88960
88961
88962
88963
88964
88965
88966
88967
88968
88969
.....
89292
89293
89294
89295
89296
89297
89298
89299
89300
89301
89302
89303
89304
89305
89306
.....
89330
89331
89332
89333
89334
89335
89336

89337
89338
89339
89340
89341
89342
89343

89344
89345
89346
89347
89348
89349
89350
.....
89360
89361
89362
89363
89364
89365
89366
89367
89368
89369
89370
89371
89372
89373
89374
.....
89458
89459
89460
89461
89462
89463
89464

89465



89466
89467
89468
89469
89470
89471
89472
.....
89481
89482
89483
89484
89485
89486
89487

89488
89489
89490
89491
89492
89493
89494
89495
.....
89499
89500
89501
89502
89503
89504
89505


89506
89507
89508
89509
89510
89511
89512
.....
91756
91757
91758
91759
91760
91761
91762

91763
91764
91765
91766
91767
91768
91769
91770
91771
91772
91773
.....
91776
91777
91778
91779
91780
91781
91782

91783
91784
91785
91786
91787
91788
91789

91790
91791
91792
91793
91794
91795
91796
91797
91798
91799
91800
.....
91822
91823
91824
91825
91826
91827
91828
91829
91830
91831
91832
91833
91834
91835
91836
91837
91838
91839
91840
91841
91842
91843
91844
.....
91968
91969
91970
91971
91972
91973
91974

91975
91976
91977
91978
91979
91980
91981
.....
92130
92131
92132
92133
92134
92135
92136
92137
92138
92139
92140
92141
92142
92143
92144
.....
92148
92149
92150
92151
92152
92153
92154

92155
92156
92157
92158
92159
92160
92161
.....
92307
92308
92309
92310
92311
92312
92313
92314
92315
92316
92317
92318
92319
92320
92321
.....
92874
92875
92876
92877
92878
92879
92880
92881








92882
92883
92884
92885
92886
92887
92888
92889
92890
92891
92892
92893
92894
92895
92896
92897
92898
92899
92900
92901
92902
92903
92904
92905
92906
92907
92908
92909
92910
92911
92912
92913
92914
92915

92916
92917

92918
92919






92920
92921

92922
92923
92924
92925
92926
92927
92928
92929
92930
92931
92932
92933
92934
92935
92936
92937
92938
92939
92940
92941
92942
92943
92944
92945
92946
.....
93033
93034
93035
93036
93037
93038
93039
93040
93041
93042
93043
93044
93045
93046
93047
93048
93049
93050
93051
93052
93053
93054
.....
93075
93076
93077
93078
93079
93080
93081
93082
93083
93084
93085
93086
93087
93088
93089
93090
93091
93092
93093
93094
93095
93096
93097
93098
93099
93100
93101
93102
93103
93104
93105
93106
93107
.....
93109
93110
93111
93112
93113
93114
93115
93116
93117
93118
93119
93120
93121
93122
93123
93124
93125
93126
93127
93128
93129
93130
93131
93132
93133
93134
93135
93136
93137
93138
93139
93140
93141
93142
93143
93144
93145
93146
93147
93148
93149
93150
93151
93152
93153
93154
93155
93156
93157
93158
93159
93160
93161
93162
93163
93164
93165
93166
93167
93168
93169
93170
93171
93172
93173
93174
93175
93176
93177
93178
93179
93180
93181
93182
93183
93184
93185
93186
93187
93188
93189
93190
93191
93192
93193
93194
93195
93196
93197
93198
93199
93200
93201
93202
93203
93204
93205
93206
93207
93208
93209
93210
93211
93212
93213
.....
93264
93265
93266
93267
93268
93269
93270
93271
93272
93273
93274
93275
93276
93277
93278
93279
93280
93281
93282
93283
93284
93285
93286
93287
93288
93289
93290
93291
93292
93293
93294
93295
93296
93297
93298
93299
93300
93301
93302
93303
93304
93305
93306
93307
93308
93309
93310
93311
93312
93313
93314
93315
93316
93317
.....
93333
93334
93335
93336
93337
93338
93339
93340
93341
93342
93343
93344
93345
93346
93347

93348
93349

93350
93351
93352
93353
93354
93355
93356
93357
93358
93359
93360
93361
93362
93363
93364
93365
93366
.....
93454
93455
93456
93457
93458
93459
93460


















































93461
93462
93463
93464
93465
93466
93467
93468
93469
93470

93471
93472







93473




93474
93475
93476
93477
93478
93479
93480
93481
93482
93483
93484
93485
93486
93487
93488
93489
93490
93491
93492
93493
93494
93495
93496
93497
93498
93499
93500
93501
93502
93503
93504
93505
93506
93507
93508
93509
93510
93511
93512
93513
93514
93515
93516
93517
93518
93519
93520
93521
93522
93523
93524
93525
.....
93531
93532
93533
93534
93535
93536
93537








93538
93539
93540
93541
93542
93543
93544
.....
93550
93551
93552
93553
93554
93555
93556
93557
93558
93559
93560
93561
93562
93563
93564
93565
93566
93567
93568
93569
93570
93571
93572
93573
93574
93575
93576
93577
93578
93579
93580
93581
93582
93583
93584
93585
93586
93587
93588
93589
93590
93591
93592
93593
93594
93595
93596
93597
93598
93599
93600
93601
93602
93603
93604
93605
93606
93607
93608
93609
.....
93623
93624
93625
93626
93627
93628
93629
93630
93631
93632
93633
93634
93635
93636
93637
93638
93639
93640
93641
93642
93643
93644
93645
93646
93647
93648
93649
93650
93651
93652
93653
93654
93655
93656
93657
93658
93659
93660
93661
93662
93663
93664
93665
93666
93667
93668
93669
.....
93679
93680
93681
93682
93683
93684
93685
93686
93687
93688
93689
93690
93691
93692
93693
93694
93695
93696
.....
93716
93717
93718
93719
93720
93721
93722
93723
93724
93725
93726
93727
93728
93729
93730
93731
.....
93739
93740
93741
93742
93743
93744
93745
93746
93747
93748
93749
93750
93751
93752
93753
.....
93758
93759
93760
93761
93762
93763
93764
93765
93766
93767
93768
93769
93770
93771
93772
93773
93774
93775
93776
93777
93778
93779
.....
93785
93786
93787
93788
93789
93790
93791
93792

93793
93794
93795
93796
93797
93798
93799
93800
.....
93803
93804
93805
93806
93807
93808
93809
93810
93811
93812
93813

93814

93815
93816
93817
93818
93819
93820
93821
.....
93853
93854
93855
93856
93857
93858
93859
93860
93861
93862
93863
93864
93865
93866
93867
.....
94020
94021
94022
94023
94024
94025
94026

94027
94028
94029
94030
94031
94032
94033
.....
94074
94075
94076
94077
94078
94079
94080

94081
94082
94083
94084

94085
94086
94087
94088
94089
94090
94091
94092
94093
94094
94095
94096
.....
94134
94135
94136
94137
94138
94139
94140


94141
94142
94143
94144
94145
94146
94147
.....
94153
94154
94155
94156
94157
94158
94159

94160
94161
94162
94163
94164
94165
94166
.....
94231
94232
94233
94234
94235
94236
94237




94238
94239
94240
94241
94242
94243
94244
.....
94261
94262
94263
94264
94265
94266
94267
94268
94269
94270
94271
94272
94273
94274
94275
.....
94289
94290
94291
94292
94293
94294
94295
94296
94297
94298
94299
94300
94301
94302
94303
94304
94305
94306


94307
94308
94309
94310
94311
94312
94313
.....
94335
94336
94337
94338
94339
94340
94341



94342
94343
94344
94345
94346
94347
94348
.....
94406
94407
94408
94409
94410
94411
94412

94413
94414
94415
94416
94417
94418

94419
94420

94421
94422
94423
94424
94425
94426
94427
.....
94428
94429
94430
94431
94432
94433
94434
94435
94436
94437
94438
94439
94440
94441
94442
.....
94797
94798
94799
94800
94801
94802
94803
94804
94805
94806
94807
94808
94809
94810
94811
94812
94813

94814
94815
94816
94817
94818
94819
94820
94821
94822
94823
94824
94825
94826
94827
94828
94829
94830
94831
94832
94833
94834
.....
94839
94840
94841
94842
94843
94844
94845
94846
94847
94848
94849
94850
94851
94852
94853
94854
94855
94856
94857
94858
94859
94860
94861
.....
97081
97082
97083
97084
97085
97086
97087

97088
97089
97090
97091
97092
97093
97094
.....
97098
97099
97100
97101
97102
97103
97104
97105
97106
97107
97108
97109
97110
97111
97112
.....
97343
97344
97345
97346
97347
97348
97349

97350
97351
97352
97353
97354
97355
97356
97357
97358
97359
97360
97361
97362
97363
97364
97365
97366
.....
97378
97379
97380
97381
97382
97383
97384
97385
97386
97387
97388
97389
97390
97391
97392
97393
97394
97395
.....
97952
97953
97954
97955
97956
97957
97958
97959
97960
97961
97962
97963
97964
97965
97966
.....
97968
97969
97970
97971
97972
97973
97974
97975
97976
97977
97978
97979
97980
97981
97982
97983
97984
97985
97986
97987
97988
97989
97990
97991
97992
97993
97994

97995
97996
97997
97998
97999
98000
98001
98002
98003
98004
98005
98006
98007
98008
98009
98010
98011
98012
.....
98045
98046
98047
98048
98049
98050
98051

98052
98053
98054
98055
98056
98057
98058
.....
98093
98094
98095
98096
98097
98098
98099

98100
98101
98102
98103
98104
98105
98106
.....
98124
98125
98126
98127
98128
98129
98130
98131
98132
98133
98134
98135
98136
98137
98138
.....
98146
98147
98148
98149
98150
98151
98152

98153
98154
98155
98156
98157
98158
98159
98160
98161
98162
98163
98164
98165
98166
98167
98168
98169
98170
98171
98172
98173
98174
98175
98176
98177
98178
98179
98180
98181
98182
98183
98184
98185
98186
98187
98188
98189
98190
98191
98192
98193
98194
98195
98196
98197
98198
98199
98200

98201
98202
98203
98204
98205
98206
98207
98208
98209
98210
98211
98212
98213
98214
98215
98216
.....
98340
98341
98342
98343
98344
98345
98346
98347
98348
98349
98350
98351
98352
98353
98354
98355
98356
98357
98358
98359
98360
98361
98362
98363
98364
98365
98366
.....
99558
99559
99560
99561
99562
99563
99564








99565
99566
99567
99568
99569
99570
99571
.....
99897
99898
99899
99900
99901
99902
99903
99904
99905
99906
99907
99908
99909
99910
99911
.....
99918
99919
99920
99921
99922
99923
99924
99925
99926
99927
99928
99929
99930
99931
99932
.....
99946
99947
99948
99949
99950
99951
99952
99953
99954
99955
99956
99957
99958
99959
99960
......
100027
100028
100029
100030
100031
100032
100033

100034
100035
100036






100037
100038
100039
100040

100041
100042
100043
100044
100045
100046
100047
100048
100049
100050
100051
100052
100053
100054
100055
100056
100057
100058
100059
......
100080
100081
100082
100083
100084
100085
100086

100087
100088

100089
100090
100091
100092
100093
100094
100095
100096
......
100148
100149
100150
100151
100152
100153
100154
100155
100156
100157
100158
100159
100160
100161
100162
......
100215
100216
100217
100218
100219
100220
100221
100222
100223
100224
100225
100226
100227
100228
100229
100230
100231
100232
100233
100234
......
100256
100257
100258
100259
100260
100261
100262
100263
100264
100265
100266
100267
100268
100269





100270
100271
100272
100273
100274
100275
100276
......
100301
100302
100303
100304
100305
100306
100307
100308
100309
100310
100311
100312
100313
100314
100315
......
100520
100521
100522
100523
100524
100525
100526

100527
100528
100529
100530
100531
100532
100533
100534
100535
100536
100537
100538
100539
......
100583
100584
100585
100586
100587
100588
100589
100590
100591
100592
100593
100594
100595
100596
100597
100598
100599
......
100956
100957
100958
100959
100960
100961
100962
100963
100964
100965
100966
100967
100968
100969
100970
......
101069
101070
101071
101072
101073
101074
101075
101076
101077
101078




101079
101080

101081
101082
101083
101084
101085
101086
101087
......
101131
101132
101133
101134
101135
101136
101137
101138
101139
101140
101141
101142
101143
101144
101145
101146
101147
101148
101149
101150
101151
101152
101153
101154
101155
101156
101157
101158
101159
101160
......
101329
101330
101331
101332
101333
101334
101335

101336

101337
101338
101339
101340
101341
101342
101343
101344
101345
101346
101347
......
101349
101350
101351
101352
101353
101354
101355

101356


101357
101358
101359
101360
101361
101362
101363
......
101434
101435
101436
101437
101438
101439
101440
101441
101442
101443
101444
101445
101446
101447
101448
101449
......
101511
101512
101513
101514
101515
101516
101517
101518
101519
101520
101521
101522
101523
101524
101525
......
101543
101544
101545
101546
101547
101548
101549
101550
101551
101552
101553
101554
101555
101556
101557
101558
101559
101560
101561
101562
101563
101564
101565
101566
101567
101568
101569
101570
101571
101572
101573
101574
101575
......
101620
101621
101622
101623
101624
101625
101626
101627
101628
101629
101630
101631
101632
101633
101634
101635
101636
101637
101638
101639
......
101650
101651
101652
101653
101654
101655
101656
101657
101658
101659
101660
101661
101662
101663
101664
......
101695
101696
101697
101698
101699
101700
101701
101702
101703
101704
101705
101706
101707
101708
101709
101710
101711
101712
101713
101714
101715
101716
101717
......
101729
101730
101731
101732
101733
101734
101735
101736
101737
101738
101739
101740
101741
101742
101743
......
101810
101811
101812
101813
101814
101815
101816
101817
101818
101819
101820
101821
101822
101823
101824
101825
101826
101827
......
101914
101915
101916
101917
101918
101919
101920
101921
101922
101923
101924
101925
101926
101927
101928
......
102022
102023
102024
102025
102026
102027
102028
102029
102030
102031
102032
102033
102034
102035
102036
102037
102038

102039
102040
102041
102042
102043
102044
102045
......
102146
102147
102148
102149
102150
102151
102152

102153
102154
102155
102156
102157
102158
102159
......
102168
102169
102170
102171
102172
102173
102174
102175
102176
102177
102178
102179
102180
102181
102182
102183
102184
102185
102186
102187
102188
102189
102190
102191
102192
102193


102194
102195
102196
102197
102198
102199
102200
102201
102202
102203
102204
102205

102206
102207
102208
102209
102210
102211
102212
102213
102214
102215
102216
102217
102218
102219
102220
102221
102222
102223
......
102233
102234
102235
102236
102237
102238
102239
102240
102241
102242
102243
102244
102245
102246
102247
102248
102249
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
102255
102256
102257
102258
102259
102260
102261
102262
102263
102264
102265
102266
102267
102268
102269
102270
102271
102272
102273
102274
102275
102276
102277
102278
102279
102280
102281
102282
102283
102284
102285
102286
102287
102288
102289
102290
102291
102292
102293
102294
102295
102296
102297
102298
102299
102300
102301
102302
102303
102304
102305
102306
102307
102308
102309
102310
102311
102312
102313
102314
102315
102316
102317
102318
102319
102320
102321
102322
102323
......
102329
102330
102331
102332
102333
102334
102335

102336
102337
102338
102339
102340
102341
102342
......
102594
102595
102596
102597
102598
102599
102600
102601
102602
102603
102604
102605
102606
102607
102608
......
102745
102746
102747
102748
102749
102750
102751
102752
102753
102754
102755
102756

102757
102758
102759

102760
102761
102762
102763
102764
102765
102766
......
103091
103092
103093
103094
103095
103096
103097




103098
103099
103100
103101
103102
103103
103104
......
103278
103279
103280
103281
103282
103283
103284
103285

103286
103287
103288
103289
103290
103291
103292
103293
103294
......
103330
103331
103332
103333
103334
103335
103336
103337
103338
103339
103340
103341
103342
103343
103344
......
103843
103844
103845
103846
103847
103848
103849
103850
103851
103852
103853
103854
103855
103856
103857
......
104002
104003
104004
104005
104006
104007
104008
104009
104010
104011
104012
104013
104014
104015
104016
104017
104018
104019
104020
104021
104022
104023
104024
104025
104026
104027
104028
104029
104030

104031
104032
104033
104034
104035
104036
104037
104038
104039
104040
104041
104042
104043
104044
104045
104046
104047
104048
104049
104050
104051
......
104053
104054
104055
104056
104057
104058
104059
104060
104061
104062
104063
104064
104065



104066
104067
104068
104069
104070
104071
104072
......
104090
104091
104092
104093
104094
104095
104096
104097
104098
104099
104100
104101
104102
104103
104104
104105
104106
104107
104108
104109
104110
104111
104112
104113
104114
104115
104116
104117
104118
......
104408
104409
104410
104411
104412
104413
104414
104415
104416
104417
104418
104419
104420
104421
104422
......
104435
104436
104437
104438
104439
104440
104441
104442
104443
104444
104445
104446
104447
104448
104449
104450
104451
104452
104453
104454
104455
104456
104457
104458
104459
104460
104461
104462
104463
......
104466
104467
104468
104469
104470
104471
104472

104473
104474
104475
104476
104477
104478
104479
......
104493
104494
104495
104496
104497
104498
104499
104500
104501
104502
104503
104504
104505
104506
104507
......
104766
104767
104768
104769
104770
104771
104772
104773
104774
104775
104776
104777
104778
104779
104780
104781
104782
104783
......
105554
105555
105556
105557
105558
105559
105560

105561
105562
105563
105564
105565
105566
105567
......
105568
105569
105570
105571
105572
105573
105574
105575
105576
105577
105578
105579
105580
105581
105582
......
105714
105715
105716
105717
105718
105719
105720
105721
105722
105723
105724
105725
105726
105727
105728
105729

105730
105731
105732
105733
105734
105735
105736
......
106511
106512
106513
106514
106515
106516
106517
106518
106519
106520
106521
106522
106523
106524
106525
......
106555
106556
106557
106558
106559
106560
106561

106562
106563
106564

106565
106566
106567
106568
106569

106570
106571
106572

106573

106574
106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
106590
......
106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652
106653
106654
106655
106656
106657
106658
106659
106660
106661
106662
106663
106664

106665
106666

106667
106668
106669
106670
106671
106672
106673
......
106695
106696
106697
106698
106699
106700
106701

106702
106703
106704
106705
106706
106707
106708
......
106738
106739
106740
106741
106742
106743
106744
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
......
106867
106868
106869
106870
106871
106872
106873
106874
106875
106876
106877
106878
106879
106880
106881
106882
106883
106884
106885
106886
106887
106888
106889
106890
106891
......
108449
108450
108451
108452
108453
108454
108455
108456
108457
108458
108459
108460
108461
108462
108463
......
108836
108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842

108843
108844
108845
108846
108847
108848
108849
......
110422
110423
110424
110425
110426
110427
110428
110429
110430
110431
110432
110433
110434
110435
110436
......
110529
110530
110531
110532
110533
110534
110535
110536
110537
110538
110539
110540
110541
110542
110543
110544
110545
110546
110547
110548
......
110734
110735
110736
110737
110738
110739
110740
110741
110742
110743
110744
110745
110746
110747
110748
......
110749
110750
110751
110752
110753
110754
110755
110756
110757
110758
110759
110760
110761
110762
110763
110764
110765
110766
110767
110768
110769
110770
110771
110772
......
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216


111217
111218
111219
111220
111221
111222
111223
......
111229
111230
111231
111232
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240
111241
111242
111243
......
111324
111325
111326
111327
111328
111329
111330


111331
111332
111333
111334


111335
111336
111337
111338
111339
111340
111341
......
111360
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366

111367


111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
111374
......
111606
111607
111608
111609
111610
111611
111612
111613
111614

111615
111616
111617
111618
111619
111620
111621
111622
111623
......
111641
111642
111643
111644
111645
111646
111647

111648
111649
111650
111651
111652
111653
111654
......
111664
111665
111666
111667
111668
111669
111670
111671
111672
111673
111674
111675
111676

111677

111678
111679
111680

111681
111682
111683
111684
111685
111686
111687
......
111707
111708
111709
111710
111711
111712
111713
111714
111715
111716
111717
111718
111719
111720
111721
111722
111723
111724
111725
111726
111727
111728
111729
111730




111731
111732
111733
111734
111735


111736
111737
111738
111739
111740
111741
111742
......
111752
111753
111754
111755
111756
111757
111758
111759
111760
111761
111762




111763
111764
111765
111766
111767
111768
111769
......
111795
111796
111797
111798
111799
111800
111801
111802
111803
111804
111805
111806
111807
111808
111809
111810

111811
111812
111813
111814
111815
111816
111817
111818
111819
111820
111821
111822
111823
111824
111825
111826
111827


111828
111829
111830
111831
111832
111833
111834
......
111839
111840
111841
111842
111843
111844
111845
111846
111847
111848
111849
111850
111851
111852
111853
......
111854
111855
111856
111857
111858
111859
111860







111861
111862
111863
111864
111865
111866
111867
......
111873
111874
111875
111876
111877
111878
111879

111880
111881
111882
111883
111884
111885
111886
......
111888
111889
111890
111891
111892
111893
111894
111895


111896

111897
111898
111899
111900
111901
111902
111903
......
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
111910
111911
111912
111913
111914
111915
111916
111917
111918
111919


111920
111921
111922
111923
111924
111925
111926
111927
111928
111929
111930
111931
111932
111933
111934
111935
111936


111937

111938
111939
111940
111941
111942
111943
111944
111945




111946
111947
111948
111949
111950
111951
111952
111953


111954
111955
111956
111957
111958
111959
111960
111961
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
111968
111969
111970
111971
111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
111977
111978
111979
111980
111981
111982
111983
111984
111985
111986
111987
111988
111989
111990
111991
111992
111993
111994
111995
111996
111997
111998
111999
112000
112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006
112007
112008
112009
112010
112011


112012
112013
112014
112015
112016
112017
112018
......
112135
112136
112137
112138
112139
112140
112141


112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
......
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177

112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
......
112239
112240
112241
112242
112243
112244
112245


112246
112247
112248
112249
112250
112251
112252
......
112320
112321
112322
112323
112324
112325
112326
112327
112328
112329
112330
112331
112332
112333
112334
......
112807
112808
112809
112810
112811
112812
112813
112814
112815
112816
112817
112818



112819

112820
112821
112822
112823
112824
112825
112826
......
113691
113692
113693
113694
113695
113696
113697

113698
113699
113700


113701
113702
113703
113704
113705
113706
113707
......
114255
114256
114257
114258
114259
114260
114261
114262
114263
114264
114265
114266
114267
114268
114269
......
114317
114318
114319
114320
114321
114322
114323
114324
114325
114326
114327
114328
114329
114330
114331
114332
114333
114334
114335
114336
114337
114338
114339
114340
114341
114342
114343
114344
114345
114346
......
114544
114545
114546
114547
114548
114549
114550
114551
114552
114553
114554
114555
114556
114557
114558
......
114606
114607
114608
114609
114610
114611
114612
114613
114614




114615
114616
114617
114618
114619
114620
114621
114622



114623
114624
114625
114626
114627
114628
114629
114630
114631
114632
114633
114634
114635
114636
114637
114638
114639
114640
114641
114642
......
114655
114656
114657
114658
114659
114660
114661


114662
114663
114664
114665
114666
























114667
114668
114669
114670
114671
114672
114673
......
114699
114700
114701
114702
114703
114704
114705
114706
114707
114708
114709
114710
114711
114712
114713
114714
114715
......
117115
117116
117117
117118
117119
117120
117121
117122
117123


117124











117125
117126
117127
117128
117129
117130
117131
117132
117133
117134
117135
117136
117137








117138
117139
117140
117141
117142
117143
117144
117145
117146
117147
117148
117149
117150
117151
......
122705
122706
122707
122708
122709
122710
122711















122712
122713
122714
122715
122716
122717
122718
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.3.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif






















































/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.3"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008003
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-01-28 17:49:13 5e3b9ecc7b2b2e50952de819b99bafdb7b9ff59e"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    20

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(BtCursor*, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(BtCursor*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
................................................................................
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
  } p4;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  char *zComment;          /* Comment to improve readability */
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  int cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
  u64 cycles;              /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
#endif



};
typedef struct VdbeOp VdbeOp;


/*
** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
*/
................................................................................
#define OP_Vacuum         13
#define OP_VFilter        14 /* synopsis: iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'           */
#define OP_VUpdate        15 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]                    */
#define OP_Goto           16
#define OP_Gosub          17
#define OP_Return         18
#define OP_Not            19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]    */


#define OP_Yield          20
#define OP_HaltIfNull     21 /* synopsis: if r[P3] null then halt          */

#define OP_Halt           22
#define OP_Integer        23 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1                         */
#define OP_Int64          24 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4                         */
#define OP_String         25 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)              */
#define OP_Null           26 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL                   */

#define OP_Blob           27 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)                */
#define OP_Variable       28 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)           */
#define OP_Move           29 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]                */
#define OP_Copy           30 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]            */
#define OP_SCopy          31 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
#define OP_ResultRow      32 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2]                  */
#define OP_CollSeq        33
#define OP_AddImm         34 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2                   */
#define OP_MustBeInt      35
#define OP_RealAffinity   36
#define OP_Permutation    37
#define OP_Compare        38
#define OP_Jump           39
#define OP_Once           40
#define OP_If             41
#define OP_IfNot          42
#define OP_Column         43 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX                         */
#define OP_Affinity       44 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])               */
#define OP_MakeRecord     45 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])            */
#define OP_Count          46 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count()                    */
#define OP_ReadCookie     47
#define OP_SetCookie      48
#define OP_VerifyCookie   49
#define OP_OpenRead       50 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenWrite      51 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  52 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  53 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     54
#define OP_OpenPseudo     55 /* synopsis: content in r[P2@P3]              */

#define OP_Close          56
#define OP_SeekLt         57 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLe         58 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGe         59 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGt         60 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */


#define OP_Seek           61 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     62 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      65 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       66 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NewRowid       67 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert         68 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_InsertInt      69 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete         70
#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */


#define OP_ResetCount     73
#define OP_SorterCompare  74 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData     75 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_RowKey         84 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_RowData        95 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */


#define OP_Rowid          98 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow        99
#define OP_Last          100
#define OP_SorterSort    101
#define OP_Sort          102
#define OP_Rewind        103
#define OP_SorterInsert  104
#define OP_IdxInsert     105 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     106 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      107 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLT         108 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         109 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */


#define OP_Destroy       110
#define OP_Clear         111
#define OP_CreateIndex   112 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   113 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   114
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  115
#define OP_DropTable     116
#define OP_DropIndex     117
#define OP_DropTrigger   118
#define OP_IntegrityCk   119
#define OP_RowSetAdd     120 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    121 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    122 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       123
#define OP_Param         124
#define OP_FkCounter     125 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      126 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        127 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         128 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */

#define OP_IfNeg         129 /* synopsis: if r[P1]<0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfZero        130 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2   */
#define OP_AggFinal      131 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    132
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_Expire        134
#define OP_TableLock     135 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        136
#define OP_VCreate       137
#define OP_VDestroy      138
#define OP_VOpen         139
#define OP_VColumn       140 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         141
#define OP_VRename       142
#define OP_ToText        143 /* same as TK_TO_TEXT                         */
#define OP_ToBlob        144 /* same as TK_TO_BLOB                         */
#define OP_ToNumeric     145 /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC                      */
#define OP_ToInt         146 /* same as TK_TO_INT                          */
#define OP_ToReal        147 /* same as TK_TO_REAL                         */




#define OP_Pagecount     148
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      149
#define OP_Trace         150

#define OP_Noop          151
#define OP_Explain       152


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0008  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0010  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0020  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0040  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x24, 0x04, 0x10, 0x00, 0x02,\
/*  24 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x20,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,\
/*  40 */ 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/*  48 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x08, 0x11, 0x11,\
/*  64 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x4c,\
/*  72 */ 0x4c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x24, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 104 */ 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08,\
/* 128 */ 0x05, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);




#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif

/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
................................................................................
# endif
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
# define VdbeModuleComment(X)
#endif




































#endif

/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   1
#endif

/*
** Return true if it OK to factor constant expressions into the initialization
** code. The argument is a Parse object for the code generator.
*/
#define ConstFactorOk(P) \
  ((P)->cookieGoto>0 && OptimizationEnabled((P)->db,SQLITE_FactorOutConst))

/*
** Possible values for the sqlite.magic field.
** The numbers are obtained at random and have no special meaning, other
** than being distinct from one another.
*/
#define SQLITE_MAGIC_OPEN     0xa029a697  /* Database is open */
................................................................................
** affinity value. 
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_MASK     0x67

/*
** Additional bit values that can be ORed with an affinity without
** changing the affinity.





*/
#define SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL   0x08  /* jumps if either operand is NULL */
#define SQLITE_STOREP2      0x10  /* Store result in reg[P2] rather than jump */
#define SQLITE_NULLEQ       0x80  /* NULL=NULL */


/*
** An object of this type is created for each virtual table present in
** the database schema. 
**
** If the database schema is shared, then there is one instance of this
** structure for each database connection (sqlite3*) that uses the shared
................................................................................
** Records are used to store the content of a table row and to store
** the key of an index.  A blob encoding of a record is created by
** the OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE and is disassembled by the
** OP_Column opcode.
**
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.



*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  u8 flags;           /* Boolean settings.  UNPACKED_... below */
  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */


};

/*
** Allowed values of UnpackedRecord.flags
*/
#define UNPACKED_INCRKEY       0x01  /* Make this key an epsilon larger */
#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH  0x02  /* A prefix match is considered OK */

/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  u8 nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  u8 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
    int addrFillSub;  /* Address of subroutine to manifest a subquery */
    int regReturn;    /* Register holding return address of addrFillSub */

    u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this able and the previous */
    unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
    unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
    unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
    unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
................................................................................
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  Select *pNext;         /* Next select to the left in a compound */
  Select *pRightmost;    /* Right-most select in a compound select statement */
  Expr *pLimit;          /* LIMIT expression. NULL means not used. */
  Expr *pOffset;         /* OFFSET expression. NULL means not used. */
  With *pWith;           /* WITH clause attached to this select. Or NULL. */
};

/*
** Allowed values for Select.selFlags.  The "SF" prefix stands for
................................................................................
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */



/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
................................................................................
  char *zErrMsg;       /* An error message */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;         /* An engine for executing database bytecode */
  int rc;              /* Return code from execution */
  u8 colNamesSet;      /* TRUE after OP_ColumnName has been issued to pVdbe */
  u8 checkSchema;      /* Causes schema cookie check after an error */
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */
  u8 nTempInUse;       /* Number of aTempReg[] currently checked out */
  u8 nColCache;        /* Number of entries in aColCache[] */
  u8 iColCache;        /* Next entry in aColCache[] to replace */
  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
  u8 hasCompound;      /* Need to invoke convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */

  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors seen */
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int nOpAlloc;        /* Number of slots allocated for Vdbe.aOp[] */
  int nLabel;          /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;         /* Space to hold the labels */
  int iFixedOp;        /* Never back out opcodes iFixedOp-1 or earlier */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */
  int iPartIdxTab;     /* Table corresponding to a partial index */
  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */


  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    int iColumn;          /* Table column number */
    u8 tempReg;           /* iReg is a temp register that needs to be freed */
    int iLevel;           /* Nesting level */
    int iReg;             /* Reg with value of this column. 0 means none. */
    int lru;              /* Least recently used entry has the smallest value */
  } aColCache[SQLITE_N_COLCACHE];  /* One for each column cache entry */
  ExprList *pConstExpr;/* Constant expressions */

  yDbMask writeMask;   /* Start a write transaction on these databases */
  yDbMask cookieMask;  /* Bitmask of schema verified databases */
  int cookieGoto;      /* Address of OP_Goto to cookie verifier subroutine */
  int cookieValue[SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2];  /* Values of cookies to verify */
  int regRowid;        /* Register holding rowid of CREATE TABLE entry */
  int regRoot;         /* Register holding root page number for new objects */
  int nMaxArg;         /* Max args passed to user function by sub-program */
  Token constraintName;/* Name of the constraint currently being parsed */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  int nTableLock;        /* Number of locks in aTableLock */
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
................................................................................
  u32 nQueryLoop;      /* Est number of iterations of a query (10*log2(N)) */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */


  /* Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
  ** each recursion */




  int nVar;                 /* Number of '?' variables seen in the SQL so far */
  int nzVar;                /* Number of available slots in azVar[] */
  u8 iPkSortOrder;          /* ASC or DESC for INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */

  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nAlias;               /* Number of aliased result set columns */
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  Token sArg;               /* Complete text of a module argument */
  Table **apVtabLock;       /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  Table *pZombieTab;        /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;  /* Linked list of coded triggers */
  With *pWith;              /* Current WITH clause, or NULL */
  u8 bFreeWith;             /* True if pWith should be freed with parser */
};

/*
** Return true if currently inside an sqlite3_declare_vtab() call.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
................................................................................
  void (*xLog)(void*,int,const char*); /* Function for logging */
  void *pLogArg;                       /* First argument to xLog() */
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  void(*xSqllog)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*, int);
  void *pSqllogArg;
#endif







};

/*
** This macro is used inside of assert() statements to indicate that
** the assert is only valid on a well-formed database.  Instead of:
**
**     assert( X );
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeCoroutine(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(Vdbe*, const Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*);
................................................................................
  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80)?(*(A)=(unsigned char)(B)),1:\
  sqlite3PutVarint32((A),(B)))
#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Table *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3HexToInt(int h);
................................................................................
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif
................................................................................
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Bool multiPseudo:1;   /* Multi-register pseudo-cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  type;           /* One of SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_TEXT, SQLITE_INTEGER, etc */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Mem *pScopyFrom;    /* This Mem is a shallow copy of pScopyFrom */
  void *pFiller;      /* So that sizeof(Mem) is a multiple of 8 */
#endif
  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
................................................................................
** flags may coexist with the MEM_Str flag.
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */

#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Invalid   0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0x01ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call sqliteFree() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
................................................................................
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

/*
** Return true if a memory cell is not marked as invalid.  This macro
** is for use inside assert() statements only.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define memIsValid(M)  ((M)->flags & MEM_Invalid)==0
#endif

/*
** Each auxilliary data pointer stored by a user defined function 
** implementation calling sqlite3_set_auxdata() is stored in an instance
** of this structure. All such structures associated with a single VM
** are stored in a linked list headed at Vdbe.pAuxData. All are destroyed
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, Mem*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeHalt(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(BtCursor*,u32,u32,int,Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p);
#define VdbeMemRelease(X)  \
  if((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_RowSet|MEM_Frame)) \

    sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(X);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe*,Mem*);

#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif
................................................................................
  mem5.nAlloc++;
  mem5.totalAlloc += iFullSz;
  mem5.totalExcess += iFullSz - nByte;
  mem5.currentCount++;
  mem5.currentOut += iFullSz;
  if( mem5.maxCount<mem5.currentCount ) mem5.maxCount = mem5.currentCount;
  if( mem5.maxOut<mem5.currentOut ) mem5.maxOut = mem5.currentOut;







  /* Return a pointer to the allocated memory. */
  return (void*)&mem5.zPool[i*mem5.szAtom];
}

/*
** Free an outstanding memory allocation.
................................................................................
      iBlock = iBuddy;
    }else{
      mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] = CTRL_FREE | iLogsize;
      mem5.aCtrl[iBuddy] = 0;
    }
    size *= 2;
  }







  memsys5Link(iBlock, iLogsize);
}

/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *memsys5Malloc(int nBytes){
................................................................................
  }
  *z = 0;
  assert( (pMem->n+(desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8?1:2))<=len );

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem);
  pMem->enc = desiredEnc;
  pMem->flags |= (MEM_Term|MEM_Dyn);
  pMem->z = (char*)zOut;
  pMem->zMalloc = pMem->z;

translate_out:
#if defined(TRANSLATE_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  {
    char zBuf[100];
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&m, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
    m.z = 0;
  }
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
................................................................................
  i64 iA = *pA;
  testcase( iA==0 ); testcase( iA==1 );
  testcase( iB==-1 ); testcase( iB==0 );
  if( iB>=0 ){
    testcase( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA == iB );
    testcase( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA == iB - 1 );
    if( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA < iB ) return 1;
    *pA += iB;
  }else{
    testcase( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) == iB + 1 );
    testcase( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) == iB + 2 );
    if( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) > iB + 1 ) return 1;
    *pA += iB;
  }

  return 0; 
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SubInt64(i64 *pA, i64 iB){
  testcase( iB==SMALLEST_INT64+1 );
  if( iB==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
    testcase( (*pA)==(-1) ); testcase( (*pA)==0 );
    if( (*pA)>=0 ) return 1;
................................................................................
  i64 iA = *pA;
  i64 iA1, iA0, iB1, iB0, r;

  iA1 = iA/TWOPOWER32;
  iA0 = iA % TWOPOWER32;
  iB1 = iB/TWOPOWER32;
  iB0 = iB % TWOPOWER32;
  if( iA1*iB1 != 0 ) return 1;
  assert( iA1*iB0==0 || iA0*iB1==0 );





  r = iA1*iB0 + iA0*iB1;




  testcase( r==(-TWOPOWER31)-1 );
  testcase( r==(-TWOPOWER31) );
  testcase( r==TWOPOWER31 );
  testcase( r==TWOPOWER31-1 );
  if( r<(-TWOPOWER31) || r>=TWOPOWER31 ) return 1;
  r *= TWOPOWER32;
  if( sqlite3AddInt64(&r, iA0*iB0) ) return 1;
................................................................................
     /*  13 */ "Vacuum"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  14 */ "VFilter"          OpHelp("iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'"),
     /*  15 */ "VUpdate"          OpHelp("data=r[P3@P2]"),
     /*  16 */ "Goto"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  17 */ "Gosub"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  18 */ "Return"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  19 */ "Not"              OpHelp("r[P2]= !r[P1]"),


     /*  20 */ "Yield"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  21 */ "HaltIfNull"       OpHelp("if r[P3] null then halt"),
     /*  22 */ "Halt"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  23 */ "Integer"          OpHelp("r[P2]=P1"),
     /*  24 */ "Int64"            OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /*  25 */ "String"           OpHelp("r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)"),
     /*  26 */ "Null"             OpHelp("r[P2..P3]=NULL"),

     /*  27 */ "Blob"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)"),
     /*  28 */ "Variable"         OpHelp("r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)"),
     /*  29 */ "Move"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]"),
     /*  30 */ "Copy"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]"),
     /*  31 */ "SCopy"            OpHelp("r[P2]=r[P1]"),
     /*  32 */ "ResultRow"        OpHelp("output=r[P1@P2]"),
     /*  33 */ "CollSeq"          OpHelp(""),
     /*  34 */ "AddImm"           OpHelp("r[P1]=r[P1]+P2"),
     /*  35 */ "MustBeInt"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  36 */ "RealAffinity"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  37 */ "Permutation"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  38 */ "Compare"          OpHelp(""),
     /*  39 */ "Jump"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  40 */ "Once"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  41 */ "If"               OpHelp(""),
     /*  42 */ "IfNot"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  43 */ "Column"           OpHelp("r[P3]=PX"),
     /*  44 */ "Affinity"         OpHelp("affinity(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  45 */ "MakeRecord"       OpHelp("r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  46 */ "Count"            OpHelp("r[P2]=count()"),
     /*  47 */ "ReadCookie"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  48 */ "SetCookie"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  49 */ "VerifyCookie"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  50 */ "OpenRead"         OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  51 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  52 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  53 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  54 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  55 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("content in r[P2@P3]"),
     /*  56 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  57 */ "SeekLt"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  58 */ "SeekLe"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  59 */ "SeekGe"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  60 */ "SeekGt"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),


     /*  61 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  62 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  63 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  66 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  67 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  68 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  69 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  70 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),


     /*  73 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  74 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /*  75 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),


     /*  98 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  99 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 100 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 101 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 102 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 103 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 104 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 106 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 107 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),


     /* 108 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 109 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 110 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 111 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 112 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 113 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 114 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 115 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 116 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 117 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 118 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 121 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 122 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 123 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 126 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 127 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 128 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),

     /* 129 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 130 */ "IfZero"           OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 131 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 132 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 135 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 136 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 137 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 138 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 139 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 140 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 141 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 142 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 143 */ "ToText"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "ToBlob"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "ToNumeric"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 146 */ "ToInt"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "ToReal"           OpHelp(""),




     /* 148 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "Trace"            OpHelp(""),

     /* 151 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
#  if defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#    define OS_VXWORKS 1
#  else
#    define OS_VXWORKS 0
#  endif
#endif

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on Posix if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, these should be no-ops.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: RedHat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: RedHat 6.0).  If you compile on RedHat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in RedHat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** The previous paragraph was written in 2005.  (This paragraph is written
** on 2008-11-28.) These days, all Linux kernels support large files, so
** you should probably leave LFS enabled.  But some embedded platforms might
** lack LFS in which case the SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS macro might still be useful.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** standard include files.
*/
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
................................................................................

/* 
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by 
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
................................................................................
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){

    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
................................................................................
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    h = osLoadLibraryA((char*)zConverted);
  }
#endif

  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);



}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  osFreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);

}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
  #define winDlError 0
  #define winDlSym   0
  #define winDlClose 0
#endif
................................................................................
struct PCache {
  PgHdr *pDirty, *pDirtyTail;         /* List of dirty pages in LRU order */
  PgHdr *pSynced;                     /* Last synced page in dirty page list */
  int nRef;                           /* Number of referenced pages */
  int szCache;                        /* Configured cache size */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  int bPurgeable;                     /* True if pages are on backing store */

  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/*
................................................................................
    p->pDirtyTail = pPage->pDirtyPrev;
  }
  if( pPage->pDirtyPrev ){
    pPage->pDirtyPrev->pDirtyNext = pPage->pDirtyNext;
  }else{
    assert( pPage==p->pDirty );
    p->pDirty = pPage->pDirtyNext;




  }
  pPage->pDirtyNext = 0;
  pPage->pDirtyPrev = 0;

  expensive_assert( pcacheCheckSynced(p) );
}

................................................................................

  assert( pPage->pDirtyNext==0 && pPage->pDirtyPrev==0 && p->pDirty!=pPage );

  pPage->pDirtyNext = p->pDirty;
  if( pPage->pDirtyNext ){
    assert( pPage->pDirtyNext->pDirtyPrev==0 );
    pPage->pDirtyNext->pDirtyPrev = pPage;



  }
  p->pDirty = pPage;
  if( !p->pDirtyTail ){
    p->pDirtyTail = pPage;
  }
  if( !p->pSynced && 0==(pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) ){
    p->pSynced = pPage;
................................................................................
  void *pStress,               /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *p                    /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(PCache));
  p->szPage = szPage;
  p->szExtra = szExtra;
  p->bPurgeable = bPurgeable;

  p->xStress = xStress;
  p->pStress = pStress;
  p->szCache = 100;
}

/*
** Change the page size for PCache object. The caller must ensure that there
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheFetch(
  PCache *pCache,       /* Obtain the page from this cache */
  Pgno pgno,            /* Page number to obtain */
  int createFlag,       /* If true, create page if it does not exist already */
  PgHdr **ppPage        /* Write the page here */
){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage = 0;
  PgHdr *pPgHdr = 0;
  int eCreate;

  assert( pCache!=0 );
  assert( createFlag==1 || createFlag==0 );
  assert( pgno>0 );

  /* If the pluggable cache (sqlite3_pcache*) has not been allocated,
  ** allocate it now.
  */
  if( !pCache->pCache && createFlag ){
    sqlite3_pcache *p;




    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
        pCache->szPage, pCache->szExtra + sizeof(PgHdr), pCache->bPurgeable
    );
    if( !p ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(p, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    pCache->pCache = p;
  }

  eCreate = createFlag * (1 + (!pCache->bPurgeable || !pCache->pDirty));
  if( pCache->pCache ){







    pPage = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache, pgno, eCreate);
  }

  if( !pPage && eCreate==1 ){
    PgHdr *pPg;

    /* Find a dirty page to write-out and recycle. First try to find a 
    ** page that does not require a journal-sync (one with PGHDR_NEED_SYNC
    ** cleared), but if that is not possible settle for any other 
    ** unreferenced dirty page.
................................................................................

/*
** Find a page in the hash table given its page number. Return
** a pointer to the page or NULL if the requested page is not 
** already in memory.
*/
static PgHdr *pager_lookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *p;                         /* Return value */

  /* It is not possible for a call to PcacheFetch() with createFlag==0 to
  ** fail, since no attempt to allocate dynamic memory will be made.
  */
  (void)sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &p);
  return p;
}
................................................................................
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);
    sqlite3OsClose(pRet->pWalFd);
    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pRet->pWalFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
    *ppWal = pRet;
    WALTRACE(("WAL%d: opened\n", pRet));
  }
................................................................................
    int iFirstAmt = (int)(p->iSyncPoint - iOffset);
    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pFd, pContent, iFirstAmt, iOffset);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    iOffset += iFirstAmt;
    iAmt -= iFirstAmt;
    pContent = (void*)(iFirstAmt + (char*)pContent);
    assert( p->syncFlags & (SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL|SQLITE_SYNC_FULL) );
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(p->pFd, p->syncFlags);
    if( iAmt==0 || rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pFd, pContent, iAmt, iOffset);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
#endif
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  sqlite3_int64 cachedRowid; /* Next rowid cache.  0 means not valid */
  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;        /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;      /* Saved key that was cursor's last known position */
  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive */
  u8 wrFlag;                /* True if writable */
  u8 atLast;                /* Cursor pointing to the last entry */
  u8 validNKey;             /* True if info.nKey is valid */
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) == data );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
    memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  }
  data[hdr] = (char)flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0 ?1:0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - first);
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->aDataEnd = &data[pBt->usableSize];
  pPage->aCellIdx = &data[first];
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
................................................................................
  pCur->wrFlag = (u8)wrFlag;
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  pCur->cachedRowid = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,                   /* First arg to xCompare() */
................................................................................
** do not need to be zeroed and they are large, so we can save a lot
** of run-time by skipping the initialization of those elements.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor *p){
  memset(p, 0, offsetof(BtCursor, iPage));
}

/*
** Set the cached rowid value of every cursor in the same database file
** as pCur and having the same root page number as pCur.  The value is
** set to iRowid.
**
** Only positive rowid values are considered valid for this cache.
** The cache is initialized to zero, indicating an invalid cache.
** A btree will work fine with zero or negative rowids.  We just cannot
** cache zero or negative rowids, which means tables that use zero or
** negative rowids might run a little slower.  But in practice, zero
** or negative rowids are very uncommon so this should not be a problem.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(BtCursor *pCur, sqlite3_int64 iRowid){
  BtCursor *p;
  for(p=pCur->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p->pgnoRoot==pCur->pgnoRoot ) p->cachedRowid = iRowid;
  }
  assert( pCur->cachedRowid==iRowid );
}

/*
** Return the cached rowid for the given cursor.  A negative or zero
** return value indicates that the rowid cache is invalid and should be
** ignored.  If the rowid cache has never before been set, then a
** zero is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur->cachedRowid;
}

/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,          /* The cursor to be moved */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey, /* Unpacked index key */
  i64 intKey,              /* The table key */
  int biasRight,           /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes                /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }











  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
    assert( pPage->intKey==(pIdxKey==0) );
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
................................................................................
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
          ** this case the whole cell needs to be parsed, a buffer allocated
          ** and accessPayload() used to retrieve the record into the
          ** buffer before VdbeRecordCompare() can be called. */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
          }
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          rc = accessPayload(pCur, 0, nCell, (unsigned char*)pCellKey, 0);
          if( rc ){
            sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
        if( c<0 ){
          lwr = idx+1;
        }else if( c>0 ){
          upr = idx-1;
        }else{
................................................................................
}

/*
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.









*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );

  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................


/*
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.









*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );

  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK) ){
      rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  ** that the cursor is already where it needs to be and returns without
  ** doing any work. To avoid thwarting these optimizations, it is important
  ** not to clear the cursor here.
  */
  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
  if( rc ) return rc;


  /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
  ** cursors open on the row being replaced (assuming this is a replace
  ** operation - if it is not, the following is a no-op).  */
  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);







  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );
................................................................................
  ** is advantageous to leave the cursor pointing to the last entry in
  ** the b-tree if possible. If the cursor is left pointing to the last
  ** entry in the table, and the next row inserted has an integer key
  ** larger than the largest existing key, it is possible to insert the
  ** row without seeking the cursor. This can be a big performance boost.
  */
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow ){

    rc = balance(pCur);

    /* Must make sure nOverflow is reset to zero even if the balance()
    ** fails. Internal data structure corruption will result otherwise. 
    ** Also, set the cursor state to invalid. This stops saveCursorPosition()
    ** from trying to save the current position of the cursor.  */
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nOverflow = 0;
................................................................................
  ** the cursor to the largest entry in the tree that is smaller than
  ** the entry being deleted. This cell will replace the cell being deleted
  ** from the internal node. The 'previous' entry is used for this instead
  ** of the 'next' entry, as the previous entry is always a part of the
  ** sub-tree headed by the child page of the cell being deleted. This makes
  ** balancing the tree following the delete operation easier.  */
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    int notUsed;
    rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  /* Save the positions of any other cursors open on this table before
  ** making any modifications. Make the page containing the entry to be 
  ** deleted writable. Then free any overflow pages associated with the 
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
*/





































/*
** If pMem is an object with a valid string representation, this routine
** ensures the internal encoding for the string representation is
** 'desiredEnc', one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE.
**
** If pMem is not a string object, or the encoding of the string
................................................................................
**
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( 1 >=
    ((pMem->zMalloc && pMem->zMalloc==pMem->z) ? 1 : 0) +
    (((pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)&&pMem->xDel) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Static) ? 1 : 0)
  );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      bPreserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
    if( pMem->zMalloc==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);

      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;  
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

  if( pMem->z && bPreserve && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 && pMem->xDel ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p){
  assert( p->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn && p->xDel ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
    p->xDel = 0;
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Frame ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(p);
  }
}

/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.type==SQLITE_TEXT).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){

  VdbeMemRelease(p);
  if( p->zMalloc ){
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);
    p->zMalloc = 0;
  }
  p->z = 0;
  assert( p->xDel==0 );  /* Zeroed by VdbeMemRelease() above */
................................................................................
    pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
    pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
  }
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(pMem->u.pRowSet);
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Null);
  pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value *p){
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)p); 
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value to be a BLOB of length
** n containing all zeros.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem *pMem, int n){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero;
  pMem->type = SQLITE_BLOB;
  pMem->n = 0;
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  pMem->u.nZero = n;
  pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, n, 0);
................................................................................
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type INTEGER.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem *pMem, i64 val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->u.i = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
  pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type REAL.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem *pMem, double val){
  if( sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
    pMem->type = SQLITE_FLOAT;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
................................................................................
** copies are not misused.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe *pVdbe, Mem *pMem){
  int i;
  Mem *pX;
  for(i=1, pX=&pVdbe->aMem[1]; i<=pVdbe->nMem; i++, pX++){
    if( pX->pScopyFrom==pMem ){
      pX->flags |= MEM_Invalid;
      pX->pScopyFrom = 0;
    }
  }
  pMem->pScopyFrom = 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;


  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
    flags |= ((xDel==SQLITE_STATIC)?MEM_Static:MEM_Dyn);
  }

  pMem->n = nByte;
  pMem->flags = flags;
  pMem->enc = (enc==0 ? SQLITE_UTF8 : enc);
  pMem->type = (enc==0 ? SQLITE_BLOB : SQLITE_TEXT);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( pMem->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 && sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(pMem) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  if( nByte>iLimit ){
    return SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Compare the values contained by the two memory cells, returning
** negative, zero or positive if pMem1 is less than, equal to, or greater
** than pMem2. Sorting order is NULL's first, followed by numbers (integers
** and reals) sorted numerically, followed by text ordered by the collating
** sequence pColl and finally blob's ordered by memcmp().
**
** Two NULL values are considered equal by this function.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int rc;
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

  /* If one value is a number and the other is not, the number is less.
  ** If both are numbers, compare as reals if one is a real, or as integers
  ** if both values are integers.
  */
  if( combined_flags&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    double r1, r2;
    if( (f1 & f2 & MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      if( pMem1->u.i < pMem2->u.i ) return -1;
      if( pMem1->u.i > pMem2->u.i ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }
    if( (f1&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r1 = pMem1->r;
    }else if( (f1&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r1 = (double)pMem1->u.i;
    }else{
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r2 = pMem2->r;
    }else if( (f2&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r2 = (double)pMem2->u.i;
    }else{
      return -1;
    }
    if( r1<r2 ) return -1;
    if( r1>r2 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  /* If one value is a string and the other is a blob, the string is less.
  ** If both are strings, compare using the collating functions.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Str ){
    if( (f1 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return -1;
    }

    assert( pMem1->enc==pMem2->enc );
    assert( pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
            pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE || pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );

    /* The collation sequence must be defined at this point, even if
    ** the user deletes the collation sequence after the vdbe program is
    ** compiled (this was not always the case).
    */
    assert( !pColl || pColl->xCmp );

    if( pColl ){
      if( pMem1->enc==pColl->enc ){
        /* The strings are already in the correct encoding.  Call the
        ** comparison function directly */
        return pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser,pMem1->n,pMem1->z,pMem2->n,pMem2->z);
      }else{
        const void *v1, *v2;
        int n1, n2;
        Mem c1;
        Mem c2;
        memset(&c1, 0, sizeof(c1));
        memset(&c2, 0, sizeof(c2));
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c1, pMem1, MEM_Ephem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c2, pMem2, MEM_Ephem);
        v1 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c1, pColl->enc);
        n1 = v1==0 ? 0 : c1.n;
        v2 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c2, pColl->enc);
        n2 = v2==0 ? 0 : c2.n;
        rc = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, n1, v1, n2, v2);
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c1);
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c2);
        return rc;
      }
    }
    /* If a NULL pointer was passed as the collate function, fall through
    ** to the blob case and use memcmp().  */
  }
 
  /* Both values must be blobs.  Compare using memcmp().  */
  rc = memcmp(pMem1->z, pMem2->z, (pMem1->n>pMem2->n)?pMem2->n:pMem1->n);
  if( rc==0 ){
    rc = pMem1->n - pMem2->n;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
................................................................................
  }
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;

  }else if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, amt+2, 0)) ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Term;
    pMem->enc = 0;
    pMem->type = SQLITE_BLOB;
    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }

    pMem->z[amt] = 0;
    pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){



      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  pMem->n = (int)amt;

  return rc;
}

/* This function is only available internally, it is not part of the
** external API. It works in a similar way to sqlite3_value_text(),
** except the data returned is in the encoding specified by the second
................................................................................
/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *db){
  Mem *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    p->flags = MEM_Null;
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
................................................................................
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord));
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)((u8*)pRec + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)));
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
................................................................................
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      if( op==TK_FLOAT ) pVal->type = SQLITE_FLOAT;
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
................................................................................
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
................................................................................
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);

................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);
    test_addop_breakpoint();
  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;



#endif
  return i;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe *p, int op){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, 0, 0, 0);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1){
................................................................................
  return aOp;
}

/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp){
  int addr;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  if( ALWAYS(nOp>0) ){
................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      pOut->zComment = 0;





#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
................................................................................
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    vdbeVComment(p, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
#endif  /* NDEBUG */










/*
** Return the opcode for a given address.  If the address is -1, then
** return the most recently inserted opcode.
**
** If a memory allocation error has occurred prior to the calling of this
** routine, then a pointer to a dummy VdbeOp will be returned.  That opcode
** is readable but not writable, though it is cast to a writable value.
** The return of a dummy opcode allows the call to continue functioning
** after a OOM fault without having to check to see if the return from 
** this routine is a valid pointer.  But because the dummy.opcode is 0,
** dummy will never be written to.  This is verified by code inspection and
** by running with Valgrind.
**
** About the #ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE:  Normally, this routine is never called
** unless p->nOp>0.  This is because in the absense of SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE,
** an OP_Trace instruction is always inserted by sqlite3VdbeGet() as soon as
** a new VDBE is created.  So we are free to set addr to p->nOp-1 without
** having to double-check to make sure that the result is non-negative. But
** if SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE is defined, the OP_Trace is omitted and we do need to
** check the value of p->nOp-1 before continuing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  /* C89 specifies that the constant "dummy" will be initialized to all
  ** zeros, which is correct.  MSVC generates a warning, nevertheless. */
  static VdbeOp dummy;  /* Ignore the MSVC warning about no initializer */
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( addr<0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
    if( p->nOp==0 ) return (VdbeOp*)&dummy;
#endif
    addr = p->nOp - 1;
  }
  assert( (addr>=0 && addr<p->nOp) || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    return (VdbeOp*)&dummy;
  }else{
    return &p->aOp[addr];
................................................................................
  char zCom[100];
  static const char *zFormat1 = "%4d %-13s %4d %4d %4d %-13s %.2X %s\n";
  if( pOut==0 ) pOut = stdout;
  zP4 = displayP4(pOp, zPtr, sizeof(zPtr));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  displayComment(pOp, zP4, zCom, sizeof(zCom));
#else
  zCom[0] = 0
#endif
  /* NB:  The sqlite3OpcodeName() function is implemented by code created
  ** by the mkopcodeh.awk and mkopcodec.awk scripts which extract the
  ** information from the vdbe.c source text */
  fprintf(pOut, zFormat1, pc, 
      sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode), pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3, zP4, pOp->p5,
      zCom
................................................................................
      for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
      }
      return;
    }
    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );


      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
      ** The justification for duplicating code is that according to 
      ** callgrind, this causes a certain test case to hit the CPU 4.7 
................................................................................
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Frame|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->zMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->zMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Invalid;
    }
    db->mallocFailed = malloc_failed;
  }
}

/*
** Delete a VdbeFrame object and its contents. VdbeFrame objects are
................................................................................
      for(j=0; i>=apSub[j]->nOp; j++){
        i -= apSub[j]->nOp;
      }
      pOp = &apSub[j]->aOp[i];
    }
    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
      pMem->u.i = i;                                /* Program counter */
      pMem++;
  
      pMem->flags = MEM_Static|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->z = (char*)sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode); /* Opcode */
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;

      /* When an OP_Program opcode is encounter (the only opcode that has
      ** a P4_SUBPROGRAM argument), expand the size of the array of subprograms
      ** kept in p->aMem[9].z to hold the new program - assuming this subprogram
      ** has not already been seen.
................................................................................
          pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        }
      }
    }

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p1;                          /* P1 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    zP4 = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( zP4!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, zP4, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }
    pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 4, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 500, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = displayComment(pOp, zP4, pMem->z, 500);
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
#else
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
#endif
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintSql(Vdbe *p){
  const char *z = 0;
  if( p->zSql ){
    z = p->zSql;
  }else if( p->nOp>=1 ){
    const VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[0];
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Trace && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
      z = pOp->p4.z;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
    }
  }
  if( z ) printf("SQL: [%s]\n", z);
}
#endif
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(Vdbe *p){
  int nOp = p->nOp;
  VdbeOp *pOp;
  if( sqlite3IoTrace==0 ) return;
  if( nOp<1 ) return;
  pOp = &p->aOp[0];
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Trace && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
    int i, j;
    char z[1000];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z), z, "%s", pOp->p4.z);
    for(i=0; sqlite3Isspace(z[i]); i++){}
    for(j=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( sqlite3Isspace(z[i]) ){
        if( z[i-1]!=' ' ){
................................................................................
    memcpy(p->azVar, pParse->azVar, p->nzVar*sizeof(p->azVar[0]));
    memset(pParse->azVar, 0, pParse->nzVar*sizeof(pParse->azVar[0]));
  }
  if( p->aMem ){
    p->aMem--;                      /* aMem[] goes from 1..nMem */
    p->nMem = nMem;                 /*       not from 0..nMem-1 */
    for(n=1; n<=nMem; n++){
      p->aMem[n].flags = MEM_Invalid;
      p->aMem[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  p->explain = pParse->explain;
  sqlite3VdbeRewind(p);
}

................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Execute assert() statements to ensure that the Vdbe.apCsr[] and 
  ** Vdbe.aMem[] arrays have already been cleaned up.  */
  int i;
  if( p->apCsr ) for(i=0; i<p->nCursor; i++) assert( p->apCsr[i]==0 );
  if( p->aMem ){
    for(i=1; i<=p->nMem; i++) assert( p->aMem[i].flags==MEM_Invalid );
  }
#endif

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = 0;
  p->pResultSet = 0;
}
................................................................................
    if( out ){
      int i;
      fprintf(out, "---- ");
      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
        fprintf(out, "%02x", p->aOp[i].opcode);
      }
      fprintf(out, "\n");










      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
        fprintf(out, "%6d %10lld %8lld ",


           p->aOp[i].cnt,
           p->aOp[i].cycles,
           p->aOp[i].cnt>0 ? p->aOp[i].cycles/p->aOp[i].cnt : 0
        );

        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
................................................................................
    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}









/*
** Deserialize the data blob pointed to by buf as serial type serial_type
** and store the result in pMem.  Return the number of bytes read.
*/ 
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x;
  u32 y;
  int i;
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* NULL */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = (signed char)buf[0];
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      i = 256*(signed char)buf[0] | buf[1];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)i;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      i = 65536*(signed char)buf[0] | (buf[1]<<8) | buf[2];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)i;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = ((unsigned)buf[0]<<24) | (buf[1]<<16) | (buf[2]<<8) | buf[3];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      x = 256*(signed char)buf[0] + buf[1];
      y = ((unsigned)buf[2]<<24) | (buf[3]<<16) | (buf[4]<<8) | buf[5];
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
      /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
................................................................................
      */
      static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
      static const double r1 = 1.0;
      u64 t2 = t1;
      swapMixedEndianFloat(t2);
      assert( sizeof(r1)==sizeof(t2) && memcmp(&r1, &t2, sizeof(r1))==0 );
#endif
      x = ((unsigned)buf[0]<<24) | (buf[1]<<16) | (buf[2]<<8) | buf[3];
      y = ((unsigned)buf[4]<<24) | (buf[5]<<16) | (buf[6]<<8) | buf[7];
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      if( serial_type==6 ){
        pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      }else{
        assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(pMem->r)==8 );
        swapMixedEndianFloat(x);
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *aKey = (const unsigned char *)pKey;
  int d; 
  u32 idx;                        /* Offset in aKey[] to read from */
  u16 u;                          /* Unsigned loop counter */
  u32 szHdr;
  Mem *pMem = p->aMem;

  p->flags = 0;
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );
  idx = getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);
  d = szHdr;
  u = 0;
  while( idx<szHdr && u<p->nField && d<=nKey ){
    u32 serial_type;

................................................................................
    pMem++;
    u++;
  }
  assert( u<=pKeyInfo->nField + 1 );
  p->nField = u;
}


/*
** This function compares the two table rows or index records
** specified by {nKey1, pKey1} and pPKey2.  It returns a negative, zero
** or positive integer if key1 is less than, equal to or 
** greater than key2.  The {nKey1, pKey1} key must be a blob
** created by th OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE.  The pPKey2
** key must be a parsed key such as obtained from
** sqlite3VdbeParseRecord.
**
** Key1 and Key2 do not have to contain the same number of fields.
** The key with fewer fields is usually compares less than the 
** longer key.  However if the UNPACKED_INCRKEY flags in pPKey2 is set
** and the common prefixes are equal, then key1 is less than key2.
** Or if the UNPACKED_MATCH_PREFIX flag is set and the prefixes are
** equal, then the keys are considered to be equal and
** the parts beyond the common prefix are ignored.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2        /* Right key */
){
  u32 d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;
  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
................................................................................
  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).
  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. If the UNPACKED_INCRKEY
  ** flag is set, then break the tie by treating key2 as larger.
  ** If the UPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH flag is set, then keys with common prefixes
  ** are considered to be equal.  Otherwise, the longer key is the 

  ** larger.  As it happens, the pPKey2 will always be the longer
  ** if there is a difference.






  */




















































































































  assert( rc==0 );
  if( pPKey2->flags & UNPACKED_INCRKEY ){







































































































    rc = -1;
  }else if( pPKey2->flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH ){
    /* Leave rc==0 */













  }else if( idx1<szHdr1 ){
    rc = 1;
  }





















































































  return rc;
}
 





















































































































































































































/*
** pCur points at an index entry created using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** Read the rowid (the last field in the record) and store it in *rowid.
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code otherwise.
**
** pCur might be pointing to text obtained from a corrupt database file.
................................................................................
**
** pUnpacked is either created without a rowid or is truncated so that it
** omits the rowid at the end.  The rowid at the end of the index entry
** is ignored as well.  Hence, this routine only compares the prefixes 
** of the keys prior to the final rowid, not the entire key.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(
  VdbeCursor *pC,             /* The cursor to compare against */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked,  /* Unpacked version of key to compare against */
  int *res                    /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the say
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pUnpacked->flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH );
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This routine sets the value to be returned by subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_changes() on the database handle 'db'. 
................................................................................
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pRet, aff, SQLITE_UTF8);
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem *)pRet);
      }
      return pRet;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** The following routines extract information from a Mem or sqlite3_value
** structure.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(p);
    p->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    p->flags |= MEM_Blob;
    return p->n ? p->z : 0;
  }else{
    return sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  }
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value *pVal){
................................................................................
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16BE);
}
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16LE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  return pVal->type;


































}

/**************************** sqlite3_result_  *******************************
** The following routines are used by user-defined functions to specify
** the function result.
**
** The setStrOrError() funtion calls sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr() to store the
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm==0 || pVm->pResultSet==0 ) return 0;
  return pVm->nResColumn;
}


























/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the given statement is valid.  If
** it is, return a pointer to the Mem for the value of that column.
** If iCol is not valid, return a pointer to a Mem which has a value
** of NULL.
*/
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut;

  pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm && pVm->pResultSet!=0 && i<pVm->nResColumn && i>=0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
    pOut = &pVm->pResultSet[i];
  }else{
    /* If the value passed as the second argument is out of range, return
    ** a pointer to the following static Mem object which contains the
    ** value SQL NULL. Even though the Mem structure contains an element
    ** of type i64, on certain architectures (x86) with certain compiler
    ** switches (-Os), gcc may align this Mem object on a 4-byte boundary
    ** instead of an 8-byte one. This all works fine, except that when
    ** running with SQLITE_DEBUG defined the SQLite code sometimes assert()s
    ** that a Mem structure is located on an 8-byte boundary. To prevent
    ** these assert()s from failing, when building with SQLITE_DEBUG defined
    ** using gcc, we force nullMem to be 8-byte aligned using the magical
    ** __attribute__((aligned(8))) macro.  */
    static const Mem nullMem 
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(__GNUC__)
      __attribute__((aligned(8))) 
#endif
      = {0, "", (double)0, {0}, 0, MEM_Null, SQLITE_NULL, 0,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
         0, 0,  /* pScopyFrom, pFiller */
#endif
         0, 0 };

    if( pVm && ALWAYS(pVm->db) ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
      sqlite3Error(pVm->db, SQLITE_RANGE, 0);
    }
    pOut = (Mem*)&nullMem;
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** This function is called after invoking an sqlite3_value_XXX function on a 
** column value (i.e. a value returned by evaluating an SQL expression in the
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  return bindText(pStmt, i, zData, nData, xDel, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, const sqlite3_value *pValue){
  int rc;
  switch( pValue->type ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, i, pValue->u.i);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_double(pStmt, i, pValue->r);
      break;
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** The code in this file implements execution method of the 
** Virtual Database Engine (VDBE).  A separate file ("vdbeaux.c")
** handles housekeeping details such as creating and deleting
** VDBE instances.  This file is solely interested in executing
** the VDBE program.
**
** In the external interface, an "sqlite3_stmt*" is an opaque pointer
** to a VDBE.
**
** The SQL parser generates a program which is then executed by
** the VDBE to do the work of the SQL statement.  VDBE programs are 
** similar in form to assembly language.  The program consists of
** a linear sequence of operations.  Each operation has an opcode 
** and 5 operands.  Operands P1, P2, and P3 are integers.  Operand P4 
** is a null-terminated string.  Operand P5 is an unsigned character.
** Few opcodes use all 5 operands.
**
** Computation results are stored on a set of registers numbered beginning
** with 1 and going up to Vdbe.nMem.  Each register can store
** either an integer, a null-terminated string, a floating point
** number, or the SQL "NULL" value.  An implicit conversion from one
** type to the other occurs as necessary.
** 
** Most of the code in this file is taken up by the sqlite3VdbeExec()
** function which does the work of interpreting a VDBE program.
** But other routines are also provided to help in building up
** a program instruction by instruction.
**
** Various scripts scan this source file in order to generate HTML
** documentation, headers files, or other derived files.  The formatting
** of the code in this file is, therefore, important.  See other comments
** in this file for details.  If in doubt, do not deviate from existing
** commenting and indentation practices when changing or adding code.
*/

/*
** Invoke this macro on memory cells just prior to changing the
** value of the cell.  This macro verifies that shallow copies are
** not misused.




*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define memAboutToChange(P,M) sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(P,M)
#else
# define memAboutToChange(P,M)
#endif

................................................................................
  if( (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 && p->n>sqlite3_max_blobsize ){
    sqlite3_max_blobsize = p->n;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** The next global variable is incremented each type the OP_Found opcode
** is executed. This is used to test whether or not the foreign key
** operation implemented using OP_FkIsZero is working. This variable
** has no function other than to help verify the correct operation of the
** library.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_found_count = 0;
................................................................................
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST)
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)  updateMaxBlobsize(P)
#else
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)
#endif





























/*
** Convert the given register into a string if it isn't one
** already. Return non-zero if a malloc() fails.
*/
#define Stringify(P, enc) \
   if(((P)->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 && sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(P,enc)) \
     { goto no_mem; }
................................................................................
** a pointer to a dynamically allocated string where some other entity
** is responsible for deallocating that string.  Because the register
** does not control the string, it might be deleted without the register
** knowing it.
**
** This routine converts an ephemeral string into a dynamically allocated
** string that the register itself controls.  In other words, it
** converts an MEM_Ephem string into an MEM_Dyn string.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
# define isSorter(x) ((x)->pSorter!=0)

/*
** Argument pMem points at a register that will be passed to a
** user-defined function or returned to the user as the result of a query.
** This routine sets the pMem->type variable used by the sqlite3_value_*() 
** routines.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem){
  int flags = pMem->flags;
  if( flags & MEM_Null ){
    pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
  }
  else if( flags & MEM_Int ){
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
  }
  else if( flags & MEM_Real ){
    pMem->type = SQLITE_FLOAT;
  }
  else if( flags & MEM_Str ){
    pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
  }else{
    pMem->type = SQLITE_BLOB;
  }
}

/*
** Allocate VdbeCursor number iCur.  Return a pointer to it.  Return NULL
** if we run out of memory.
*/
static VdbeCursor *allocateCursor(
  Vdbe *p,              /* The virtual machine */
................................................................................
/*
** Try to convert the type of a function argument or a result column
** into a numeric representation.  Use either INTEGER or REAL whichever
** is appropriate.  But only do the conversion if it is possible without
** loss of information and return the revised type of the argument.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value *pVal){


  Mem *pMem = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( pMem->type==SQLITE_TEXT ){
    applyNumericAffinity(pMem);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pMem);

  }
  return pMem->type;
}

/*
** Exported version of applyAffinity(). This one works on sqlite3_value*, 
** not the internal Mem* type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the value of a register for tracing purposes:
*/
static void memTracePrint(Mem *p){
  if( p->flags & MEM_Invalid ){
    printf(" undefined");
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    printf(" NULL");
  }else if( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Str))==(MEM_Int|MEM_Str) ){
    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
................................................................................

#endif /* !defined(_HWTIME_H_) */

/************** End of hwtime.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.c ***********************/

#endif

/*
** The CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT macro defined here looks to see if the
** sqlite3_interrupt() routine has been called.  If it has been, then
** processing of the VDBE program is interrupted.
**
** This macro added to every instruction that does a jump in order to
** implement a loop.  This test used to be on every single instruction,
** but that meant we more testing than we needed.  By only testing the
** flag on jump instructions, we get a (small) speed improvement.
*/
#define CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT \
   if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;


#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** This function is only called from within an assert() expression. It
** checks that the sqlite3.nTransaction variable is correctly set to
** the number of non-transaction savepoints currently in the 
** linked list starting at sqlite3.pSavepoint.
................................................................................
  assert( n==(db->nSavepoint + db->isTransactionSavepoint) );
  return 1;
}
#endif


/*
** Execute as much of a VDBE program as we can then return.
**
** sqlite3VdbeMakeReady() must be called before this routine in order to
** close the program with a final OP_Halt and to set up the callbacks
** and the error message pointer.
**
** Whenever a row or result data is available, this routine will either
** invoke the result callback (if there is one) or return with
** SQLITE_ROW.
**
** If an attempt is made to open a locked database, then this routine
** will either invoke the busy callback (if there is one) or it will
** return SQLITE_BUSY.
**
** If an error occurs, an error message is written to memory obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc() and p->zErrMsg is made to point to that memory.
** The error code is stored in p->rc and this routine returns SQLITE_ERROR.
**
** If the callback ever returns non-zero, then the program exits
** immediately.  There will be no error message but the p->rc field is
** set to SQLITE_ABORT and this routine will return SQLITE_ERROR.
**
** A memory allocation error causes p->rc to be set to SQLITE_NOMEM and this
** routine to return SQLITE_ERROR.
**
** Other fatal errors return SQLITE_ERROR.
**
** After this routine has finished, sqlite3VdbeFinalize() should be
** used to clean up the mess that was left behind.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(
  Vdbe *p                    /* The VDBE */
){
  int pc=0;                  /* The program counter */
  Op *aOp = p->aOp;          /* Copy of p->aOp */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
................................................................................
  Mem *pIn2 = 0;             /* 2nd input operand */
  Mem *pIn3 = 0;             /* 3rd input operand */
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */
  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */
  int origPc;                /* Program counter at start of opcode */
#endif
  /*** INSERT STACK UNION HERE ***/

  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
................................................................................
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );
    nProgressLimit = (unsigned)p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    if( nProgressLimit==0 ){
      nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps;
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#endif
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    origPc = pc;
    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
................................................................................

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
................................................................................
  **
  ** This code uses unstructured "goto" statements and does not look clean.
  ** But that is not due to sloppy coding habits. The code is written this
  ** way for performance, to avoid having to run the interrupt and progress
  ** checks on every opcode.  This helps sqlite3_step() to run about 1.5%
  ** faster according to "valgrind --tool=cachegrind" */
check_for_interrupt:
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
  ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
  ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
  ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
  ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
  */
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Return P1 * * * *
**
** Jump to the next instruction after the address in register P1.

*/
case OP_Return: {           /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags & MEM_Int );
  pc = (int)pIn1->u.i;

  break;
}









































/* Opcode:  Yield P1 * * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.




*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1 */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );

  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  if r[P3] null then halt
**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
** parameter P1, P2, and P4 as if this were a Halt instruction.  If the
** value in register P3 is not NULL, then this routine is a no-op.
** The P5 parameter should be 1.
*/
case OP_HaltIfNull: {      /* in3 */
................................................................................
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4'
**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into an OP_String before it is executed for the first time.


*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
  pOp->p1 = sqlite3Strlen30(pOp->p4.z);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( encoding!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_TOOBIG ) goto too_big;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding) ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pOut->zMalloc==pOut->z );
    assert( pOut->flags & MEM_Dyn );
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Static;
    pOut->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
    if( pOp->p4type==P4_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->p4.z);
    }
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
    pOp->p4.z = pOut->z;
    pOp->p1 = pOut->n;
  }
................................................................................
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = nullFlag;
    cnt--;
  }
  break;
}
















/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
**
** P4 points to a blob of data P1 bytes long.  Store this
** blob in register P2.
*/
case OP_Blob: {                /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p1 <= SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode: Variable P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)
**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4 and P3==1.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */
  Mem *pVar;       /* Value being transferred */

  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nVar );
  assert( pOp->p4.z==0 || pOp->p4.z==p->azVar[pOp->p1-1] );
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif


    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( n-- );
  break;
}
................................................................................

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  output=r[P1@P2]
**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the top P1 values as the result
** row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
................................................................................
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&pMem[i]);
    assert( (pMem[i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (pMem[i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&pMem[i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
................................................................................
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }

  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
................................................................................
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
** without data loss, then jump immediately to P2, or if P2==0
** raise an SQLITE_MISMATCH exception.
*/
case OP_MustBeInt: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
    applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, encoding);

    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( pOp->p2==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }else{
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
/* Opcode: ToText P1 * * * *
**
** Force the value in register P1 to be text.
** If the value is numeric, convert it to a string using the
** equivalent of printf().  Blob values are unchanged and
** are afterwards simply interpreted as text.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToText: {                  /* same as TK_TO_TEXT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
................................................................................
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
      ** or not both operands are null.
      */
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_Eq || pOp->opcode==OP_Ne );
      assert( (flags1 & MEM_Cleared)==0 );

      if( (flags1&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Cleared)==0
      ){
        res = 0;  /* Results are equal */
      }else{
        res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */
      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
        pc = pOp->p2-1;
      }else if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
        pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);





      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( affinity ){
................................................................................

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);


  }else if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }

  /* Undo any changes made by applyAffinity() to the input registers. */
  pIn1->flags = (pIn1->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags1&MEM_TypeMask);
  pIn3->flags = (pIn3->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags3&MEM_TypeMask);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Permutation * * * P4 *
................................................................................
**
** Jump to the instruction at address P1, P2, or P3 depending on whether
** in the most recent OP_Compare instruction the P1 vector was less than
** equal to, or greater than the P2 vector, respectively.
*/
case OP_Jump: {             /* jump */
  if( iCompare<0 ){
    pc = pOp->p1 - 1;
  }else if( iCompare==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p3 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: And P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])
**
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check if OP_Once flag P1 is set. If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise,
** set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.


*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );

  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
    p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] = 1;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    c = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
#else
    c = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1)!=0.0;
#endif
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IfNot ) c = !c;
  }

  if( c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  if r[P1]==NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is NULL.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {            /* same as TK_ISNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is not NULL.  
*/
case OP_NotNull: {            /* same as TK_NOTNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Column P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr || (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE)!=0 ){
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pCrsr==0 ){
        assert( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
        if( pC->multiPseudo ){
          sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pDest, pReg+p2, MEM_Ephem);
          Deephemeralize(pDest);
          goto op_column_out;
        }
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
        goto op_column_out;
................................................................................

  /* Extract the content for the p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if aOffset[p2], aOffset[p2+1], and aType[p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( p2<pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  if( pC->szRow>=aOffset[p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pC->aRow+aOffset[p2], aType[p2], pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(zData, t, pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( sMem.z==sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & MEM_Dyn) );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str)) || pDest->z==sMem.z );
      pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      pDest->z = sMem.z;
      pDest->zMalloc = sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  pDest->enc = encoding;
................................................................................
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *
................................................................................

  /* Apply the requested affinity to all inputs
  */
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  if( zAffinity ){
    pRec = pData0;
    do{
      applyAffinity(pRec, *(zAffinity++), encoding);
    }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );

  }

  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  pRec = pLast;
  do{
................................................................................
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
................................................................................
                   "cannot commit - no transaction is active"));
         
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Transaction P1 P2 * * *
**
** Begin a transaction.  The transaction ends when a Commit or Rollback
** opcode is encountered.  Depending on the ON CONFLICT setting, the
** transaction might also be rolled back if an error is encountered.


**
** P1 is the index of the database file on which the transaction is
** started.  Index 0 is the main database file and index 1 is the
** file used for temporary tables.  Indices of 2 or more are used for
** attached databases.
**
** If P2 is non-zero, then a write-transaction is started.  A RESERVED lock is
** obtained on the database file when a write-transaction is started.  No
** other process can start another write transaction while this transaction is
** underway.  Starting a write transaction also creates a rollback journal. A
** write transaction must be started before any changes can be made to the
** database.  If P2 is greater than or equal to 2 then an EXCLUSIVE lock is
** also obtained on the file.
**
** If a write-transaction is started and the Vdbe.usesStmtJournal flag is
** true (this flag is set if the Vdbe may modify more than one row and may
** throw an ABORT exception), a statement transaction may also be opened.
** More specifically, a statement transaction is opened iff the database
** connection is currently not in autocommit mode, or if there are other
** active statements. A statement transaction allows the changes made by this
** VDBE to be rolled back after an error without having to roll back the
** entire transaction. If no error is encountered, the statement transaction
** will automatically commit when the VDBE halts.
**
** If P2 is zero, then a read-lock is obtained on the database file.









*/
case OP_Transaction: {
  Btree *pBt;



  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
................................................................................

      /* Store the current value of the database handles deferred constraint
      ** counter. If the statement transaction needs to be rolled back,
      ** the value of this counter needs to be restored too.  */
      p->nStmtDefCons = db->nDeferredCons;
      p->nStmtDefImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
    }





























  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ReadCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Read cookie number P3 from database P1 and write it into register P2.
................................................................................
  }
  if( pOp->p1==1 ){
    /* Invalidate all prepared statements whenever the TEMP database
    ** schema is changed.  Ticket #1644 */
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: VerifyCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Check the value of global database parameter number 0 (the
** schema version) and make sure it is equal to P2 and that the
** generation counter on the local schema parse equals P3.
**
** P1 is the database number which is 0 for the main database file
** and 1 for the file holding temporary tables and some higher number
** for auxiliary databases.
**
** The cookie changes its value whenever the database schema changes.
** This operation is used to detect when that the cookie has changed
** and that the current process needs to reread the schema.
**
** Either a transaction needs to have been started or an OP_Open needs
** to be executed (to establish a read lock) before this opcode is
** invoked.
*/
case OP_VerifyCookie: {
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;
  Btree *pBt;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  if( pBt ){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&iMeta);
    iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    iGen = iMeta = 0;
  }
  if( iMeta!=pOp->p2 || iGen!=pOp->p3 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
    ** not reload the schema from the database file.
    **
    ** If virtual-tables are in use, this is not just an optimization.
    ** Often, v-tables store their data in other SQLite tables, which
    ** are queried from within xNext() and other v-table methods using
    ** prepared queries. If such a query is out-of-date, we do not want to
    ** discard the database schema, as the user code implementing the
    ** v-table would have to be ready for the sqlite3_vtab structure itself
    ** to be invalidated whenever sqlite3_step() is called from within 
    ** a v-table method.
    */
    if( db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->schema_cookie!=iMeta ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, pOp->p1);
    }

    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenRead P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read-only cursor for the database table whose root page is
................................................................................
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
................................................................................
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: content in r[P2@P3]
**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
** row of data.  The content of that one row in the content of memory
** register P2 when P5==0.  In other words, cursor P1 becomes an alias for the 
** MEM_Blob content contained in register P2.  When P5==1, then the
** row is represented by P3 consecutive registers beginning with P2.
**
** A pseudo-table created by this opcode is used to hold a single
** row output from the sorter so that the row can be decomposed into
** individual columns using the OP_Column opcode.  The OP_Column opcode
** is the only cursor opcode that works with a pseudo-table.
**
** P3 is the number of fields in the records that will be stored by
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, 0);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  pCx->isTable = 1;
  pCx->multiPseudo = pOp->p5;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
** Close a cursor previously opened as P1.  If P1 is not
** currently open, this instruction is a no-op.
................................................................................
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLt:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGt: {       /* jump, in3 */
  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
................................................................................

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
        /* If the P3 value cannot be converted into any kind of a number,
        ** then the seek is not possible, so jump to P2 */
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is larger than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGe==(OP_SeekGt-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLt==(OP_SeekLe-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLe & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) ) oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLe==(OP_SeekLt+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGt==(OP_SeekGe+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLt & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGe & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLt & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( res==0 ){
................................................................................
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGt || oc==OP_SeekLe ){
    **     r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLt)));
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGt || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLe || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGe || r.flags==0 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLt || r.flags==0 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGe ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGe || oc==OP_SeekGt );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGt) ){

      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLt || oc==OP_SeekLe );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLt) ){

      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );

  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to suppress a compiler warning. */
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    {
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++){
        assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) );
        if( i ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+i, &r.aMem[i]);
      }
    }
#endif
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
    pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
................................................................................
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){

    if( alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{

    if( !alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3]
................................................................................
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
  pC->rowidIsValid = res==0 ?1:0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;

  if( res!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !pC->useRandomRowid ){
      v = sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor);
      if( v==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pC->pCursor, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( res ){
          v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
        }else{
          assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pC->pCursor) );
          rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
          if( v>=MAX_ROWID ){
            pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
          }else{
            v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
          }
        }
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
      if( pOp->p3 ){
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3>0 );
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
          pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
          pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
        assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
        if( pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || pC->useRandomRowid ){
          rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( v<pMem->u.i+1 ){
          v = pMem->u.i + 1;
        }
        pMem->u.i = v;
      }
#endif

      sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, v<MAX_ROWID ? v+1 : 0);
    }
    if( pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
................................................................................
  }
  seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    nZero = pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    nZero = 0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, 0, iKey,
                          pData->z, pData->n, nZero,
                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, seekResult
  );
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
  ** below is always a no-op and cannot fail.  We will run it anyhow, though,
  ** to guard against future changes to the code generator.
  **/
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pC->pCursor);
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, iKey);
................................................................................

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nIgnore, &res);

  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
/* Opcode: RowKey P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=key
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row key for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** The key is copied onto the P3 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_RowKey:
case OP_RowData: {
................................................................................
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && res ){

    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Sort P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );

  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 * * P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  P1 must have
** been opened prior to this opcode or the program will segfault.





**
** P4 is always of type P4_ADVANCE. The function pointer points to
** sqlite3BtreeNext().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
**
** See also: Prev, NextIfOpen
*/
/* Opcode: NextIfOpen P1 P2 * * P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Next except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
/* Opcode: Prev P1 P2 * * P5
**
** Back up cursor P1 so that it points to the previous key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there is no previous key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor backup was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  If P1 is
** not open then the behavior is undefined.





**
** P4 is always of type P4_ADVANCE. The function pointer points to
** sqlite3BtreePrevious().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 * * P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
................................................................................
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];

  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor );


  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);
  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
................................................................................
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
** MakeRecord instructions.  This opcode writes that key
** into the index P1.  Data for the entry is nil.
**
** P3 is a flag that provides a hint to the b-tree layer that this
** insert is likely to be an append.








**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.

**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.



**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.






*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.

**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.



**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon prior 
** to the comparison.  This makes the opcode work like IdxLE.







*/


case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;

  }else{
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;


  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);


  if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
    res = -res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
    res++;
  }

  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {
  int nChange;
 
  nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1!=1 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;

  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], val);

  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2
**
................................................................................

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, 
                               (u8)(iSet>=0 ? iSet & 0xf : 0xff),
                               pIn3->u.i);

    if( exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/* Opcode: Program P1 P2 P3 P4 *
**
** Execute the trigger program passed as P4 (type P4_SUBPROGRAM). 
**
** P1 contains the address of the memory cell that contains the first memory 
** cell in an array of values used as arguments to the sub-program. P2 
** contains the address to jump to if the sub-program throws an IGNORE 
** exception using the RAISE() function. Register P3 contains the address 
** of a memory cell in this (the parent) VM that is used to allocate the 
** memory required by the sub-vdbe at runtime.
**
** P4 is a pointer to the VM containing the trigger program.


*/
case OP_Program: {        /* jump */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory registers for sub-program */
  int nByte;              /* Bytes of runtime space required for sub-program */
  Mem *pRt;               /* Register to allocate runtime space */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Used to iterate through memory cells */
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
................................................................................
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
    pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;

    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Invalid;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( pc==pFrame->pc );
................................................................................
** If P1 is non-zero, then the jump is taken if the database constraint-counter
** is zero (the one that counts deferred constraint violations). If P1 is
** zero, the jump is taken if the statement constraint-counter is zero
** (immediate foreign key constraint violations).
*/
case OP_FkIfZero: {         /* jump */
  if( pOp->p1 ){

    if( db->nDeferredCons==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{

    if( p->nFkConstraint==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
................................................................................
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );

  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );

  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;

  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pRec);
  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.z = 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pMem, (i64)aRes[i]);
  }    
  break;
};  
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
/* Opcode: JournalMode P1 P2 P3 * P5
**
** Change the journal mode of database P1 to P3. P3 must be one of the
** PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX values. If changing between the various rollback
** modes (delete, truncate, persist, off and memory), this is a simple
** operation. No IO is required.
**
** If changing into or out of WAL mode the procedure is more complicated.
................................................................................
  Btree *pBt;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(pBt);

  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  break;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    res = 0;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(apArg[i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
    }

    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }
  pCur->nullRow = 0;

  break;
................................................................................
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xUpdate method. P2 values
** are contiguous memory cells starting at P3 to pass to the xUpdate 
** invocation. The value in register (P3+P2-1) corresponds to the 
** p2th element of the argv array passed to xUpdate.
................................................................................
**
** If P2==1 then no insert is performed.  argv[0] is the rowid of
** a row to delete.
**
** P1 is a boolean flag. If it is set to true and the xUpdate call
** is successful, then the value returned by sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() 
** is set to the value of the rowid for the row just inserted.



*/
case OP_VUpdate: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int nArg;
  int i;
  sqlite_int64 rowid;
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
................................................................................
  }
  pOut->u.i = sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(pBt, newMax);
  break;
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
/* Opcode: Trace * * * P4 *




**
** If tracing is enabled (by the sqlite3_trace()) interface, then
** the UTF-8 string contained in P4 is emitted on the trace callback.



*/
case OP_Trace: {

  char *zTrace;
  char *z;





  if( db->xTrace
   && !p->doingRerun
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    z = sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(p, zTrace);
    db->xTrace(db->pTraceArg, z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("SQL-trace: %s\n", zTrace);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

  break;
}
#endif


/* Opcode: Noop * * * * *
**
** Do nothing.  This instruction is often useful as a jump
** destination.
*/
................................................................................
    }

#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    {
      u64 elapsed = sqlite3Hwtime() - start;
      pOp->cycles += elapsed;
      pOp->cnt++;
#if 0
        fprintf(stdout, "%10llu ", elapsed);
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, origPc, &aOp[origPc]);
#endif
    }
#endif

    /* The following code adds nothing to the actual functionality
    ** of the program.  It is only here for testing and debugging.
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through
    ** the evaluator loop.  So we can leave it out when NDEBUG is defined.
................................................................................
  ** uses it to implement the blob_read(), blob_write() and 
  ** blob_bytes() functions.
  **
  ** The sqlite3_blob_close() function finalizes the vdbe program,
  ** which closes the b-tree cursor and (possibly) commits the 
  ** transaction.
  */

  static const VdbeOpList openBlob[] = {
    {OP_Transaction, 0, 0, 0},     /* 0: Start a transaction */
    {OP_VerifyCookie, 0, 0, 0},    /* 1: Check the schema cookie */
    {OP_TableLock, 0, 0, 0},       /* 2: Acquire a read or write lock */

    /* One of the following two instructions is replaced by an OP_Noop. */
    {OP_OpenRead, 0, 0, 0},        /* 3: Open cursor 0 for reading */
    {OP_OpenWrite, 0, 0, 0},       /* 4: Open cursor 0 for read/write */

    {OP_Variable, 1, 1, 1},        /* 5: Push the rowid to the stack */
    {OP_NotExists, 0, 10, 1},      /* 6: Seek the cursor */
    {OP_Column, 0, 0, 1},          /* 7  */
    {OP_ResultRow, 1, 0, 0},       /* 8  */
    {OP_Goto, 0, 5, 0},            /* 9  */
    {OP_Close, 0, 0, 0},           /* 10 */
    {OP_Halt, 0, 0, 0},            /* 11 */
  };

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;
................................................................................

    pBlob->pStmt = (sqlite3_stmt *)sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);
    assert( pBlob->pStmt || db->mallocFailed );
    if( pBlob->pStmt ){
      Vdbe *v = (Vdbe *)pBlob->pStmt;
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, sizeof(openBlob)/sizeof(VdbeOpList), openBlob);


      /* Configure the OP_Transaction */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 0, flags);

      /* Configure the OP_VerifyCookie */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, 1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 1, pTab->pSchema->schema_cookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 1, pTab->pSchema->iGeneration);

      /* Make sure a mutex is held on the table to be accessed */
      sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb); 

      /* Configure the OP_TableLock instruction */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, 2);
#else
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, 2, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 2, pTab->tnum);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 2, flags);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, 2, pTab->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
#endif

      /* Remove either the OP_OpenWrite or OpenRead. Set the P2 
      ** parameter of the other to pTab->tnum.  */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, 4 - flags);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 3 + flags, pTab->tnum);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 3 + flags, iDb);

      /* Configure the number of columns. Configure the cursor to
      ** think that the table has one more column than it really
      ** does. An OP_Column to retrieve this imaginary column will
      ** always return an SQL NULL. This is useful because it means
      ** we can invoke OP_Column to fill in the vdbe cursors type 
      ** and offset cache without causing any IO.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, 3+flags, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(pTab->nCol+1),P4_INT32);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 7, pTab->nCol);
      if( !db->mallocFailed ){
        pParse->nVar = 1;
        pParse->nMem = 1;
        pParse->nTab = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
      }
    }
................................................................................
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    r2->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }

  *pRes = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, r2);
}

/*
** This function is called to compare two iterator keys when merging 
** multiple b-tree segments. Parameter iOut is the index of the aTree[] 
** value to recalculate.
*/
................................................................................
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;


      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){
................................................................................
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    assert( pTab!=0 || cntTab==0 );
    if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && HasRowid(pTab) ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;     /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }

    /*
    ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z
................................................................................
  if( pPrior ) pPrior->pNext = pNew;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLimit, flags);
  pNew->pOffset = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pOffset, flags);
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
  pNew->selFlags = p->selFlags & ~SF_UsesEphemeral;
  pNew->pRightmost = 0;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;

  pNew->pWith = withDup(db, p->pWith);
  return pNew;
}
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  assert( p==0 );
  return 0;
................................................................................
    case TK_BLOB:
      return 0;
    default:
      return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Generate an OP_IsNull instruction that tests register iReg and jumps
** to location iDest if the value in iReg is NULL.  The value in iReg 
** was computed by pExpr.  If we can look at pExpr at compile-time and
** determine that it can never generate a NULL, then the OP_IsNull operation
** can be omitted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(
  Vdbe *v,            /* The VDBE under construction */
  const Expr *pExpr,  /* Only generate OP_IsNull if this expr can be NULL */
  int iReg,           /* Test the value in this register for NULL */
  int iDest           /* Jump here if the value is null */
){
  if( sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iDest);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given expression is a constant which would be
** unchanged by OP_Affinity with the affinity given in the second
** argument.
**
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
................................................................................
    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = (i16)pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_VerifyCookie and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
    ** has already been allocated. So assume sqlite3GetVdbe() is always
    ** successful here.
    */
    assert(v);
    if( iCol<0 ){
      int iAddr;

      iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);


      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
    }else{
      Index *pIdx;                         /* Iterator variable */
................................................................................
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && pIdx->onError!=OE_None))
        ){
          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
          if( prNotFound && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prNotFound = ++pParse->nMem;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
          }

        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not found an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR", pParse->iNextSelectId
................................................................................
      ** SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity is used
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);
      if( rMayHaveNull==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, 1, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
................................................................................
          if( isRowid && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE2, &iValToIns) ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InsertInt, pExpr->iTable, r2, iValToIns);
          }else{
            r3 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pE2, r1);
            if( isRowid ){
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r3,
                                sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);

              sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pExpr->iTable, r2, r3);
            }else{
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, r3, 1, r2, &affinity, 1);
              sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r3, 1);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pExpr->iTable, r2);
            }
          }
................................................................................

  /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
  ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
  */
  if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){
    /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
    ** the same. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull);
  }else{
    int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }

  if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
    /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r1, destIfFalse);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1);

  }else{
    /* In this case, the RHS is an index b-tree.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, r1, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);

    /* If the set membership test fails, then the result of the 
    ** "x IN (...)" expression must be either 0 or NULL. If the set
................................................................................
      ** cannot contain NULL values. This happens as the result
      ** of a "NOT NULL" constraint in the database schema.
      **
      ** Also run this branch if NULL is equivalent to FALSE
      ** for this particular IN operator.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1, 1);

    }else{
      /* In this branch, the RHS of the IN might contain a NULL and
      ** the presence of a NULL on the RHS makes a difference in the
      ** outcome.
      */
      int j1, j2, j3;

      /* First check to see if the LHS is contained in the RHS.  If so,
      ** then the presence of NULLs in the RHS does not matter, so jump
      ** over all of the code that follows.
      */
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);


      /* Here we begin generating code that runs if the LHS is not
      ** contained within the RHS.  Generate additional code that
      ** tests the RHS for NULLs.  If the RHS contains a NULL then
      ** jump to destIfNull.  If there are no NULLs in the RHS then
      ** jump to destIfFalse.
      */
      j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, rRhsHasNull);

      j3 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, rRhsHasNull, 1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, rRhsHasNull);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, rRhsHasNull, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j2);

      /* Jump to the appropriate target depending on whether or not
      ** the RHS contains a NULL
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);

      /* The OP_Found at the top of this branch jumps here when true, 
      ** causing the overall IN expression evaluation to fall through.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    }
  }
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      assert( TK_LT==OP_Lt );
      assert( TK_LE==OP_Le );
      assert( TK_GT==OP_Gt );
      assert( TK_GE==OP_Ge );
      assert( TK_EQ==OP_Eq );
      assert( TK_NE==OP_Ne );
      testcase( op==TK_LT );
      testcase( op==TK_LE );
      testcase( op==TK_GT );
      testcase( op==TK_GE );
      testcase( op==TK_EQ );
      testcase( op==TK_NE );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2);






      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2 | SQLITE_NULLEQ);


      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
................................................................................
    case TK_REM:
    case TK_BITAND:
    case TK_BITOR:
    case TK_SLASH:
    case TK_LSHIFT:
    case TK_RSHIFT: 
    case TK_CONCAT: {
      assert( TK_AND==OP_And );
      assert( TK_OR==OP_Or );
      assert( TK_PLUS==OP_Add );
      assert( TK_MINUS==OP_Subtract );
      assert( TK_REM==OP_Remainder );
      assert( TK_BITAND==OP_BitAnd );
      assert( TK_BITOR==OP_BitOr );
      assert( TK_SLASH==OP_Divide );
      assert( TK_LSHIFT==OP_ShiftLeft );
      assert( TK_RSHIFT==OP_ShiftRight );
      assert( TK_CONCAT==OP_Concat );
      testcase( op==TK_AND );
      testcase( op==TK_OR );
      testcase( op==TK_PLUS );
      testcase( op==TK_MINUS );
      testcase( op==TK_REM );
      testcase( op==TK_BITAND );
      testcase( op==TK_BITOR );
      testcase( op==TK_SLASH );
      testcase( op==TK_LSHIFT );
      testcase( op==TK_RSHIFT );
      testcase( op==TK_CONCAT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, r2, r1, target);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
................................................................................
        testcase( regFree2==0 );
      }
      inReg = target;
      break;
    }
    case TK_BITNOT:
    case TK_NOT: {
      assert( TK_BITNOT==OP_BitNot );
      assert( TK_NOT==OP_Not );
      testcase( op==TK_BITNOT );
      testcase( op==TK_NOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      inReg = target;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, inReg);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int addr;
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, op, r1);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
................................................................................
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);

          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
................................................................................
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      r3 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      r4 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Ge,
                  r1, r2, r3, SQLITE_STOREP2);
      pLItem++;
      pRight = pLItem->pExpr;
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Le, r1, r2, r4, SQLITE_STOREP2);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_And, r3, r4, target);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r3);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r4);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
................................................................................
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Abort ){
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);

      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate expression pExpr and store the
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  int inReg;

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( pExpr && pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Copy, pExpr->iTable, target);
  }else{
    inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target);
    assert( pParse->pVdbe || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( inReg!=target && pParse->pVdbe ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
    }
  }
  return target;














}

/*
** Generate code that evalutes the given expression and puts the result
** in register target.
**
** Also make a copy of the expression results into another "cache" register
................................................................................
** and modify the expression so that the next time it is evaluated,
** the result is a copy of the cache register.
**
** This routine is used for expressions that are used multiple 
** times.  They are evaluated once and the results of the expression
** are reused.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int inReg;
  inReg = sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);

  assert( target>0 );
  /* The only place, other than this routine, where expressions can be
  ** converted to TK_REGISTER is internal subexpressions in BETWEEN and
  ** CASE operators.  Neither ever calls this routine.  And this routine
  ** is never called twice on the same expression.  Hence it is impossible
  ** for the input to this routine to already be a register.  Nevertheless,
  ** it seems prudent to keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above
  ** change with future modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;

    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe *pOut, Expr *pExpr){
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      assert( TK_LT==OP_Lt );
      assert( TK_LE==OP_Le );
      assert( TK_GT==OP_Gt );
      assert( TK_GE==OP_Ge );
      assert( TK_EQ==OP_Eq );
      assert( TK_NE==OP_Ne );
      testcase( op==TK_LT );
      testcase( op==TK_LE );
      testcase( op==TK_GT );
      testcase( op==TK_GE );
      testcase( op==TK_EQ );
      testcase( op==TK_NE );
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);






      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);


      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, dest);


      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 1, jumpIfNull);
      break;
................................................................................
      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);

        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      testcase( op==TK_LT );
      testcase( op==TK_LE );
      testcase( op==TK_GT );
      testcase( op==TK_GE );
      testcase( op==TK_EQ );
      testcase( op==TK_NE );
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);






      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (pExpr->op==TK_IS) ? TK_NE : TK_EQ;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);


      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, dest);


      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 0, jumpIfNull);
      break;
................................................................................
      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);

        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** This C function implements an SQL user function that is used by SQL code
** generated by the ALTER TABLE ... RENAME command to modify the definition
................................................................................
      }while( token==TK_SPACE );

      zParent = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (const char *)z, n);
      if( zParent==0 ) break;
      sqlite3Dequote(zParent);
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp((const char *)zOld, zParent) ){
        char *zOut = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%.*s\"%w\"", 
            (zOutput?zOutput:""), z-zInput, zInput, (const char *)zNew
        );
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zOutput);
        zOutput = zOut;
        zInput = &z[n];
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zParent);
    }
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help implement ALTER TABLE
................................................................................
    pVTab = sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
    if( pVTab->pVtab->pModule->xRename==0 ){
      pVTab = 0;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Begin a transaction and code the VerifyCookie for database iDb. 
  ** Then modify the schema cookie (since the ALTER TABLE modifies the
  ** schema). Open a statement transaction if the table is a virtual
  ** table.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
................................................................................
    int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int j1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_ReadCookie, iDb, r1, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, minFormat, r2);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ge, r2, 0, r1);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, r2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
  }
}

................................................................................
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
    **
    */
    addrRewind = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regChng);
    addrGotoChng0 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  next_row:
    **   regChng = 0
    **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *pColl = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
      aGotoChng[i] = 
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);

    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regChng);
    aGotoChng[nCol] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
................................................................................
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
................................................................................
      u8 seekOp = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);

      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

................................................................................

  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iTabCur, regStat1);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }
................................................................................

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
    ** set for each database that is used.  Generate code to start a
    ** transaction on each used database and to verify the schema cookie
    ** on each used database.
    */
    if( pParse->cookieGoto>0 ){
      yDbMask mask;
      int iDb, i, addr;

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pParse->cookieGoto-1);
      for(iDb=0, mask=1; iDb<db->nDb; mask<<=1, iDb++){
        if( (mask & pParse->cookieMask)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v,OP_Transaction, iDb, (mask & pParse->writeMask)!=0);
        if( db->init.busy==0 ){
          assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_VerifyCookie,
                            iDb, pParse->cookieValue[iDb],
                            db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration);
        }


      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
      codeTableLocks(pParse);

      /* Initialize any AUTOINCREMENT data structures required.
      */
      sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(pParse);

      /* Code constant expressions that where factored out of inner loops */
      addr = pParse->cookieGoto;
      if( pParse->pConstExpr ){
        ExprList *pEL = pParse->pConstExpr;
        pParse->cookieGoto = 0;

        for(i=0; i<pEL->nExpr; i++){
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEL->a[i].pExpr, pEL->a[i].u.iConstExprReg);
        }
      }

      /* Finally, jump back to the beginning of the executable code. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && !db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pParse->nTab = 0;
  pParse->nMem = 0;
  pParse->nSet = 0;
  pParse->nVar = 0;
  pParse->cookieMask = 0;
  pParse->cookieGoto = 0;
}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
    ** set them now.
    */
    reg1 = pParse->regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    reg2 = pParse->regRoot = ++pParse->nMem;
    reg3 = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_ReadCookie, iDb, reg3, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, reg3);
    fileFormat = (db->flags & SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt)!=0 ?
                  1 : SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, fileFormat, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, ENC(db), reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
................................................................................
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)
                    sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKey), P4_KEYINFO);

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse,pIndex,iTab,regRecord,0,&iPartIdxLabel,0,0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pKey->nField - pIndex->nKeyCol);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}

................................................................................
  /* Sanity checking on calling parameters */
  assert( iStart>=0 );
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
    pSrc = pNew;
    nGot = (sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pNew) - sizeof(*pSrc))/sizeof(pSrc->a[0])+1;
    pSrc->nAlloc = (u8)nGot;
  }

  /* Move existing slots that come after the newly inserted slots
  ** out of the way */
  for(i=pSrc->nSrc-1; i>=iStart; i--){
    pSrc->a[i+nExtra] = pSrc->a[i];
  }
  pSrc->nSrc += (i8)nExtra;

  /* Zero the newly allocated slots */
  memset(&pSrc->a[iStart], 0, sizeof(pSrc->a[0])*nExtra);
  for(i=iStart; i<iStart+nExtra; i++){
    pSrc->a[i].iCursor = -1;
  }

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate VDBE code that will verify the schema cookie and start
** a read-transaction for all named database files.
**
** It is important that all schema cookies be verified and all
** read transactions be started before anything else happens in
** the VDBE program.  But this routine can be called after much other
** code has been generated.  So here is what we do:
**
** The first time this routine is called, we code an OP_Goto that
** will jump to a subroutine at the end of the program.  Then we
** record every database that needs its schema verified in the
** pParse->cookieMask field.  Later, after all other code has been
** generated, the subroutine that does the cookie verifications and
** starts the transactions will be coded and the OP_Goto P2 value
** will be made to point to that subroutine.  The generation of the
** cookie verification subroutine code happens in sqlite3FinishCoding().
**
** If iDb<0 then code the OP_Goto only - don't set flag to verify the
** schema on any databases.  This can be used to position the OP_Goto
** early in the code, before we know if any database tables will be used.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  if( pToplevel!=pParse ){
    /* This branch is taken if a trigger is currently being coded. In this
    ** case, set cookieGoto to a non-zero value to show that this function
    ** has been called. This is used by the sqlite3ExprCodeConstants()
    ** function. */
    pParse->cookieGoto = -1;
  }
#endif
  if( pToplevel->cookieGoto==0 ){
    Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pToplevel);
    if( v==0 ) return;  /* This only happens if there was a prior error */
    pToplevel->cookieGoto = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0)+1;
  }
  if( iDb>=0 ){
    sqlite3 *db = pToplevel->db;
    yDbMask mask;

    assert( iDb<db->nDb );
    assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
    assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    mask = ((yDbMask)1)<<iDb;
    if( (pToplevel->cookieMask & mask)==0 ){
      pToplevel->cookieMask |= mask;
      pToplevel->cookieValue[iDb] = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie;
      if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
        sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** If argument zDb is NULL, then call sqlite3CodeVerifySchema() for each 
** attached database. Otherwise, invoke it for the database named zDb only.
................................................................................
  int iCur             /* Cursor number for ephemerial table */
){
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pSel;
  SrcList *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pView->pSchema);

  pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
  pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);

  if( pFrom ){
    assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
    pFrom->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
    pFrom->a[0].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
  }

  pSel = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSel ) pSel->selFlags |= SF_Materialize;

  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
................................................................................
      if( addrEphOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrEphOpen);
      addrDelete = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto); /* Jump to DELETE logic */
    }else if( pPk ){
      /* Construct a composite key for the row to be deleted and remember it */
      iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
      nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), P4_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey);
    }else{
      /* Get the rowid of the row to be deleted and remember it in the RowSet */
      nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
    }
  
................................................................................
    */
    if( okOnePass ){
      /* Just one row.  Hence the top-of-loop is a no-op */
      assert( nKey==nPk ); /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);

      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);

      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
................................................................................
                               iKey, nKey, count, OE_Default, okOnePass);
    }
  
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     
  
    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
................................................................................
                         iDataCur, iIdxCur, iPk, (int)nPk));

  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  opSeek = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

  if( !bNoSeek ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);



 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
  if( sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) || pTrigger ){
    u32 mask;                     /* Mask of OLD.* columns in use */
    int iCol;                     /* Iterator used while populating OLD.* */
    int addrStart;                /* Start of BEFORE trigger programs */
................................................................................
    pParse->nMem += (1 + pTab->nCol);

    /* Populate the OLD.* pseudo-table register array. These values will be 
    ** used by any BEFORE and AFTER triggers that exist.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, iPk, iOld);
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
      testcase( mask!=0xffffffff && iCol==31 );

      if( mask==0xffffffff || (mask & MASKBIT32(iCol))!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, iCol, iOld+iCol+1);
      }
    }

    /* Invoke BEFORE DELETE trigger programs. */
    addrStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
................................................................................
    /* If any BEFORE triggers were coded, then seek the cursor to the 
    ** row to be deleted again. It may be that the BEFORE triggers moved
    ** the cursor or of already deleted the row that the cursor was
    ** pointing to.
    */
    if( addrStart<sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);


    }

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0, 0, 0);
  }
................................................................................
  ** to check if deleting this row resolves any outstanding violations.
  **
  ** Check if any of the key columns in the child table row are NULL. If 
  ** any are, then the constraint is considered satisfied. No need to 
  ** search for a matching row in the parent table.  */
  if( nIncr<0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, iOk);

  }
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    int iReg = aiCol[i] + regData + 1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iOk);
  }

  if( isIgnore==0 ){
    if( pIdx==0 ){
      /* If pIdx is NULL, then the parent key is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY
      ** column of the parent table (table pTab).  */
      int iMustBeInt;               /* Address of MustBeInt instruction */
................................................................................
      /* Invoke MustBeInt to coerce the child key value to an integer (i.e. 
      ** apply the affinity of the parent key). If this fails, then there
      ** is no matching parent key. Before using MustBeInt, make a copy of
      ** the value. Otherwise, the value inserted into the child key column
      ** will have INTEGER affinity applied to it, which may not be correct.  */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, aiCol[0]+1+regData, regTemp);
      iMustBeInt = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regTemp, 0);

  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter.  */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regData, iOk, regTemp);

      }
  
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
................................................................................
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      }
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTemp, nCol, regRec);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iCur, iOk, regRec, 0);
  
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regTemp, nCol);
    }
  }

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)
................................................................................
  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->pTable==pTab );
  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nKeyCol==pFKey->nCol );
  assert( pIdx!=0 || pFKey->nCol==1 );
  assert( pIdx!=0 || HasRowid(pTab) );

  if( nIncr<0 ){
    iFkIfZero = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, 0);

  }

  /* Create an Expr object representing an SQL expression like:
  **
  **   <parent-key1> = <child-key1> AND <parent-key2> = <child-key2> ...
  **
  ** The collation sequence used for the comparison should be that of
................................................................................
      ** when this statement is run.  */
      FKey *p;
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( p->isDeferred || (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) ) break;
      }
      if( !p ) return;
      iSkip = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 1, iSkip);
    }

    pParse->disableTriggers = 1;
    sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pName, 0), 0);
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
................................................................................
    **
    ** If the SQLITE_DeferFKs flag is set, then this is not required, as
    ** the statement transaction will not be rolled back even if FK
    ** constraints are violated.
    */
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);

      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
          OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);
    }

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
................................................................................
        ** missing, behave as if it is empty. i.e. decrement the relevant
        ** FK counter for each row of the current table with non-NULL keys.
        */
        Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + pFKey->nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
          int iReg = pFKey->aCol[i].iFrom + regOld + 1;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iJump);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, -1);
      }
      continue;
    }
    assert( pFKey->nCol==1 || (aiFree && pIdx) );

................................................................................
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Set P4 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity








** string for table pTab. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column indexed by the index, according to the affinity of the
** column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'a'            TEXT
**  'b'            NONE
**  'c'            NUMERIC
**  'd'            INTEGER
**  'e'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab){
  /* The first time a column affinity string for a particular table
  ** is required, it is allocated and populated here. It is then 
  ** stored as a member of the Table structure for subsequent use.
  **
  ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
  ** sqlite3DeleteTable() when the Table structure itself is cleaned up.
  */
  if( !pTab->zColAff ){
    char *zColAff;
    int i;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);

    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }

    zColAff[pTab->nCol] = '\0';


    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }







  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pTab->zColAff, P4_TRANSIENT);

}

/*
** Return non-zero if the table pTab in database iDb or any of its indices
** have been opened at any point in the VDBE program beginning at location
** iStartAddr throught the end of the program.  This is used to see if 
** a statement of the form  "INSERT INTO <iDb, pTab> SELECT ..." can 
** run without using temporary table for the results of the SELECT. 
*/
static int readsTable(Parse *p, int iStartAddr, int iDb, Table *pTab){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  int i;
  int iEnd = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  VTable *pVTab = IsVirtual(pTab) ? sqlite3GetVTable(p->db, pTab) : 0;
#endif

  for(i=iStartAddr; i<iEnd; i++){
    VdbeOp *pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, i);
    assert( pOp!=0 );
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead && pOp->p3==iDb ){
      Index *pIndex;
      int tnum = pOp->p2;
      if( tnum==pTab->tnum ){
        return 1;
................................................................................
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, memId, memId+1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, memId-1, 0, p->pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 0, addr+9);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, memId-1, addr+7, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 1, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr+9);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addr+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }
}

/*
** Update the maximum rowid for an autoincrement calculation.
................................................................................
  AutoincInfo *p;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  assert( v );
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    int j1, j2, j3, j4, j5;
    int iRec;
    int memId = p->regCtr;

    iRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenWrite);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, memId+1);
    j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Rewind);
    j3 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 0, iRec);
    j4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, memId-1, 0, iRec);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, j3);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, memId+1);
    j5 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j4);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, memId-1, 2, iRec);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, iRec, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iRec);
  }
}
................................................................................
/*
** If SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT is defined, then the three routines
** above are all no-ops
*/
# define autoIncBegin(A,B,C) (0)
# define autoIncStep(A,B,C)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */


/*
** Generate code for a co-routine that will evaluate a subquery one
** row at a time.
**
** The pSelect parameter is the subquery that the co-routine will evaluation.
** Information about the location of co-routine and the registers it will use
** is returned by filling in the pDest object.
**
** Registers are allocated as follows:
**
**   pDest->iSDParm      The register holding the next entry-point of the
**                       co-routine.  Run the co-routine to its next breakpoint
**                       by calling "OP_Yield $X" where $X is pDest->iSDParm.
**
**   pDest->iSDParm+1    The register holding the "completed" flag for the
**                       co-routine. This register is 0 if the previous Yield
**                       generated a new result row, or 1 if the subquery
**                       has completed.  If the Yield is called again
**                       after this register becomes 1, then the VDBE will
**                       halt with an SQLITE_INTERNAL error.
**
**   pDest->iSdst        First result register.
**
**   pDest->nSdst        Number of result registers.
**
** This routine handles all of the register allocation and fills in the
** pDest structure appropriately.
**
** Here is a schematic of the generated code assuming that X is the 
** co-routine entry-point register reg[pDest->iSDParm], that EOF is the
** completed flag reg[pDest->iSDParm+1], and R and S are the range of
** registers that hold the result set, reg[pDest->iSdst] through
** reg[pDest->iSdst+pDest->nSdst-1]:
**
**         X <- A
**         EOF <- 0
**         goto B
**      A: setup for the SELECT
**         loop rows in the SELECT
**           load results into registers R..S
**           yield X
**         end loop
**         cleanup after the SELECT
**         EOF <- 1
**         yield X
**         halt-error
**      B:
**
** To use this subroutine, the caller generates code as follows:
**
**         [ Co-routine generated by this subroutine, shown above ]
**      S: yield X
**         if EOF goto E
**         if skip this row, goto C
**         if terminate loop, goto E
**         deal with this row
**      C: goto S
**      E:
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeCoroutine(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect, SelectDest *pDest){
  int regYield;       /* Register holding co-routine entry-point */
  int regEof;         /* Register holding co-routine completion flag */
  int addrTop;        /* Top of the co-routine */
  int j1;             /* Jump instruction */
  int rc;             /* Result code */
  Vdbe *v;            /* VDBE under construction */

  regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
  regEof = ++pParse->nMem;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, addrTop+2, regYield); /* X <- A */
  VdbeComment((v, "Co-routine entry point"));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regEof);           /* EOF <- 0 */
  VdbeComment((v, "Co-routine completion flag"));
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(pDest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
  j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
  rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, pDest);
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 || rc );
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed && rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  if( rc ) return rc;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEof);            /* EOF <- 1 */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regYield);   /* yield X */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_INTERNAL, OE_Abort);
  VdbeComment((v, "End of coroutine"));
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);                             /* label B: */
  return rc;
}



/* Forward declaration */
static int xferOptimization(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  Table *pDest,         /* The table we are inserting into */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
................................................................................
**           close cursors
**         end foreach
**
** The 3rd template is for when the second template does not apply
** and the SELECT clause does not read from <table> at any time.
** The generated code follows this template:
**
**         EOF <- 0
**         X <- A
**         goto B
**      A: setup for the SELECT
**         loop over the rows in the SELECT
**           load values into registers R..R+n
**           yield X
**         end loop
**         cleanup after the SELECT
**         EOF <- 1
**         yield X
**         goto A
**      B: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**      C: yield X
**         if EOF goto D
**         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
**         goto C
**      D: cleanup
**
** The 4th template is used if the insert statement takes its
** values from a SELECT but the data is being inserted into a table
** that is also read as part of the SELECT.  In the third form,
** we have to use a intermediate table to store the results of
** the select.  The template is like this:
**
**         EOF <- 0
**         X <- A
**         goto B
**      A: setup for the SELECT
**         loop over the tables in the SELECT
**           load value into register R..R+n
**           yield X
**         end loop
**         cleanup after the SELECT
**         EOF <- 1
**         yield X
**         halt-error
**      B: open temp table
**      L: yield X
**         if EOF goto M
**         insert row from R..R+n into temp table
**         goto L
**      M: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**         rewind temp table
**      C: loop over rows of intermediate table
**           transfer values form intermediate table into <table>
**         end loop
................................................................................
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
  int ipkColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
  int useTempTable = 0; /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */
  int addrSelect = 0;   /* Address of coroutine that implements the SELECT */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  Db *pDb;              /* The database containing table being inserted into */

  int appendFlag = 0;   /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  int withoutRowid;     /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */

  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */

  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
  int regData;          /* register holding first column to insert */
  int regEof = 0;       /* Register recording end of SELECT data */
  int *aRegIdx = 0;     /* One register allocated to each index */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;                 /* True if attempting to insert into a view */
  Trigger *pTrigger;          /* List of triggers on pTab, if required */
  int tmask;                  /* Mask of trigger times */
#endif
................................................................................
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

  /* If this is an AUTOINCREMENT table, look up the sequence number in the
  ** sqlite_sequence table and store it in memory cell regAutoinc.
  */
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDb, pTab);



















































  /* Figure out how many columns of data are supplied.  If the data
  ** is coming from a SELECT statement, then generate a co-routine that
  ** produces a single row of the SELECT on each invocation.  The
  ** co-routine is the common header to the 3rd and 4th templates.
  */
  if( pSelect ){
    /* Data is coming from a SELECT.  Generate a co-routine to run the SELECT */
    int rc = sqlite3CodeCoroutine(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
    if( rc ) goto insert_cleanup;


    regEof = dest.iSDParm + 1;







    regFromSelect = dest.iSdst;




    assert( pSelect->pEList );
    nColumn = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( dest.nSdst==nColumn );

    /* Set useTempTable to TRUE if the result of the SELECT statement
    ** should be written into a temporary table (template 4).  Set to
    ** FALSE if each output row of the SELECT can be written directly into
    ** the destination table (template 3).
    **
    ** A temp table must be used if the table being updated is also one
    ** of the tables being read by the SELECT statement.  Also use a 
    ** temp table in the case of row triggers.
    */
    if( pTrigger || readsTable(pParse, addrSelect, iDb, pTab) ){
      useTempTable = 1;
    }

    if( useTempTable ){
      /* Invoke the coroutine to extract information from the SELECT
      ** and add it to a transient table srcTab.  The code generated
      ** here is from the 4th template:
      **
      **      B: open temp table
      **      L: yield X
      **         if EOF goto M
      **         insert row from R..R+n into temp table
      **         goto L
      **      M: ...
      */
      int regRec;          /* Register to hold packed record */
      int regTempRowid;    /* Register to hold temp table ROWID */
      int addrTop;         /* Label "L" */
      int addrIf;          /* Address of jump to M */

      srcTab = pParse->nTab++;
      regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      regTempRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, srcTab, nColumn);
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
      addrIf = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regEof);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regFromSelect, nColumn, regRec);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, srcTab, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, srcTab, regRec, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrTop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIf);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTempRowid);
    }
  }else{
    /* This is the case if the data for the INSERT is coming from a VALUES
    ** clause
    */
................................................................................
    nColumn = pList ? pList->nExpr : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }









  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.
  */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      nHidden += (IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ? 1 : 0);
................................................................................
       pTabList, 0, pTab->nCol-nHidden, nColumn);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pColumn!=0 && nColumn!=pColumn->nId ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d values for %d columns", nColumn, pColumn->nId);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }

  /* If the INSERT statement included an IDLIST term, then make sure
  ** all elements of the IDLIST really are columns of the table and 
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the ipkColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  ipkColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the INTEGER
  ** PRIMARY KEY in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)
  */
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            ipkColumn = i;  assert( !withoutRowid );
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) && !withoutRowid ){
          ipkColumn = i;
        }else{
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %S has no column named %s",
              pTabList, 0, pColumn->a[i].zName);
          pParse->checkSchema = 1;
          goto insert_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    ipkColumn = pTab->iPKey;
  }
    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }
................................................................................
  }

  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
    **
    **         rewind temp table
    **      C: loop over rows of intermediate table
    **           transfer values form intermediate table into <table>
    **         end loop
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrInsTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, srcTab);
    addrCont = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 3):
    **
    **      C: yield X
    **         if EOF goto D
    **         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
    **         goto C
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrCont = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
    addrInsTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regEof);
  }

  /* Allocate registers for holding the rowid of the new row,
  ** the content of the new row, and the assemblied row record.
  */
  regRowid = regIns = pParse->nMem+1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol + 1;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowid++;
    pParse->nMem++;
  }
  regData = regRowid+1;

  /* Run the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers, if there are any
  */
  endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    int regCols = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pTab->nCol+1);

    /* build the NEW.* reference row.  Note that if there is an INTEGER
................................................................................
      assert( !withoutRowid );
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regCols);
      }else{
        assert( pSelect==0 );  /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regCols);
      }
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regCols);
    }

    /* Cannot have triggers on a virtual table. If it were possible,
    ** this block would have to account for hidden column.
    */
    assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );

................................................................................

    /* If this is an INSERT on a view with an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger,
    ** do not attempt any conversions before assembling the record.
    ** If this is a real table, attempt conversions as required by the
    ** table column affinities.
    */
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, regCols+1, pTab->nCol);
      sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
    }

    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
................................................................................
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
        if( ALWAYS(pOp) && pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
................................................................................
      }
      /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRowid
      ** to generate a unique primary key value.
      */
      if( !appendFlag ){
        int j1;
        if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regRowid);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        }else{
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRowid, j1+2);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRowid);
      }
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) || withoutRowid ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
................................................................................
    nHidden = 0;
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      int iRegStore = regRowid+1+i;
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        /* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
        ** Whenever this column is read, the rowid will be substituted
        ** in its place.  Hence, fill this column with a NULL to avoid
        ** taking up data space with information that will never be used. */

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      if( pColumn==0 ){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ){
          assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
          j = -1;
          nHidden++;
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
          if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( j<0 || nColumn==0 || (pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId) ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
      }else if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j, iRegStore); 
      }else if( pSelect ){

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+j, iRegStore);

      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr, iRegStore);
      }
    }

    /* Generate code to check constraints and generate index keys and
    ** do the insertion.
................................................................................
  }

  /* The bottom of the main insertion loop, if the data source
  ** is a SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
  if( useTempTable ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, srcTab, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

................................................................................
  int onError;         /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int j1;              /* Addresss of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */

  int regRowid = -1;   /* Register holding ROWID value */

  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
................................................................................
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);

        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);

        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has change, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);


    }

    /* If the response to a rowid conflict is REPLACE but the response
    ** to some other UNIQUE constraint is FAIL or IGNORE, then we need
    ** to defer the running of the rowid conflict checking until after
    ** the UNIQUE constraints have run.
    */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check to see if the new rowid already exists in the table.  Skip
    ** the following conflict logic if it does not. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, addrRowidOk, regNewData);


    /* Generate code that deals with a rowid collision */
    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
................................................................................
  for(ix=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, ix++){
    int regIdx;          /* Range of registers hold conent for pIdx */
    int regR;            /* Range of registers holding conflicting PK */
    int iThisCur;        /* Cursor for this UNIQUE index */
    int addrUniqueOk;    /* Jump here if the UNIQUE constraint is satisfied */

    if( aRegIdx[ix]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip indices that do not change */




    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
................................................................................
      }else{
        x = iField + regNewData + 1;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
    ** primary key, then no collision is possible.  The collision detection
    ** logic below can all be skipped. */
................................................................................
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    
    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NoConflict, iThisCur, addrUniqueOk,
                         regIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol);

    /* Generate code to handle collisions */
    regR = (pIdx==pPk) ? regIdx : sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPkField);
    if( isUpdate || onError==OE_Replace ){
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iThisCur, regR);
        /* Conflict only if the rowid of the existing index entry
        ** is different from old-rowid */
        if( isUpdate ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regR, addrUniqueOk, regOldData);


        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
................................................................................
            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );



          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
................................................................................
){
  Vdbe *v;            /* Prepared statements under construction */
  Index *pIdx;        /* An index being inserted or updated */
  u8 pik_flags;       /* flag values passed to the btree insert */
  int regData;        /* Content registers (after the rowid) */
  int regRec;         /* Register holding assemblied record for the table */
  int i;              /* Loop counter */


  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;

    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);

    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdxCur+i, aRegIdx[i]);
    pik_flags = 0;
    if( useSeekResult ) pik_flags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      assert( pParse->nested==0 );
      pik_flags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
................................................................................
    }
    if( pik_flags )  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
  }
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) return;
  regData = regNewData + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);
  sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
  sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);
  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
    pik_flags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    pik_flags |= (isUpdate?OPFLAG_ISUPDATE:OPFLAG_LASTROWID);
  }
................................................................................
    **     of index entries might need to change.)
    **
    ** (2) The destination has a unique index.  (The xfer optimization 
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);

      sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pDest);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
      autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
    }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
    }else{
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pDest->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbDest, pDest->tnum, 1, pDest->zName);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbSrc, pSrc->tnum, 0, pSrc->zName);
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);
  if( emptyDestTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
................................................................................
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {

    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
................................................................................
    };
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+6, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */

        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
        };
        int iAddr;
        iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
      }
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM: {
    int iLimit, addr;
    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
................................................................................
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      assert( pParse->nErr>0 || pFK==0 );
      if( pFK ) break;
      if( pParse->nTab<i ) pParse->nTab = i;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, 0);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        pIdx = 0;
        aiCols = 0;
        if( pParent ){
          x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, &aiCols);
          assert( x==0 );
................................................................................
        addrOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        if( pParent && pIdx==0 ){
          int iKey = pFK->aCol[0].iFrom;
          assert( iKey>=0 && iKey<pTab->nCol );
          if( iKey!=pTab->iPKey ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow,
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[j].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk);
          }
          if( pParent ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1,
                     sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);

          }
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult+2, 0, 
                          pFK->zTo, P4_TRANSIENT);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-1, regResult+3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */

    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

................................................................................
      int cnt = 0;

      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); /* Halt if out of errors */

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Do an integrity check of the B-Tree
      **
      ** Begin by filling registers 2, 3, ... with the root pages numbers
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
................................................................................

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, cnt+8 );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Move, 2, 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
................................................................................
        int loopTop;
        int iDataCur, iIdxCur;
        int r1 = -1;

        if( pTab->pIndex==0 ) continue;
        pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);  /* Stop if out of errors */

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4;
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, 0, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, " missing from index ",
                            P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, addr+8, 3);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

................................................................................
    if( zRight && iCookie!=BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT ){
      /* Write the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList setCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,    0,  1,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Integer,        0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_SetCookie,      0,  0,  1},    /* 2 */
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setCookie), setCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+2, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr+2, iCookie);
    }else{
      /* Read the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList readCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,     0,  0,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_ReadCookie,      0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_ResultRow,       1,  1,  0}
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( p ){
    clearSelect(db, p);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}









/*
** Given 1 to 3 identifiers preceding the JOIN keyword, determine the
** type of join.  Return an integer constant that expresses that type
** in terms of the following bit values:
**
**     JT_INNER
................................................................................
    int addr1, addr2;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iLimit, -1);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
  }
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 && iContinue!=0 ){
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iOffset, -1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  int iMem           /* First element */
){
  Vdbe *v;
  int r1;

  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iTab, addrRepeat, iMem, N);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, iMem, N, r1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iTab, r1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
................................................................................
  if( pOrderBy==0 && !hasDistinct ){
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = pEList->nExpr;

  if( pDest->iSdst==0 ){
    pDest->iSdst = pParse->nMem+1;
    pDest->nSdst = nResultCol;






    pParse->nMem += nResultCol;
  }else{ 
    assert( pDest->nSdst==nResultCol );
  }

  regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult,
                            (eDest==SRT_Output)?SQLITE_ECEL_DUP:0);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        pOp->p2 = regPrev;

        iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nResultCol;
        for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
          CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr);
          if( i<nResultCol-1 ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regResult+i, iJump, regPrev+i);

          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);

          }
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        }
        assert( sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)==iJump );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, regResult, regPrev, nResultCol-1);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      if( eDest==SRT_DistTable ){
        /* If the destination is DistTable, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pOrderBy==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
      }else{
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regResult, iParm, 1);
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /* Send the data to the callback function or to a subroutine.  In the
    ** case of a subroutine, the subroutine itself is responsible for
    ** popping the data from the stack.
    */
    case SRT_Coroutine:
    case SRT_Output: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pOrderBy ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
................................................................................
      ExprList *pSO;
      pSO = pDest->pOrderBy;
      assert( pSO );
      nKey = pSO->nExpr;
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      r2 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nKey+2);
      r3 = r2+nKey+1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r3);
      if( eDest==SRT_DistQueue ){
        /* If the destination is DistQueue, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on a second ephemeral index that holds all values every previously
        ** added to the queue.  Only add this new value if it has never before
        ** been added */
        addrTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, 0, r3, 0);





        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r3);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
      }
      for(i=0; i<nKey; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy,
                          regResult + pSO->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol - 1,
                          r2+i);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.  Except, if
  ** there is a sorter, in which case the sorter has already limited
  ** the output for us.
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N key columns and
** X extra columns.
*/
................................................................................
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  }
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){
    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    int ptab2 = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, ptab2, regSortOut, pOrderBy->nExpr+2);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);

    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ptab2, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
  }else{
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
  }
  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* The bottom of the loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrContinue);
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

................................................................................
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
** If an error occurs, return NULL and leave a message in pParse.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
    if( v ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Trace);




    }
#endif

  }
  return v;
}


/*
** Compute the iLimit and iOffset fields of the SELECT based on the
................................................................................
      if( n==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iBreak);
      }else if( n>=0 && p->nSelectRow>(u64)n ){
        p->nSelectRow = n;
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit, iBreak);
    }
    if( p->pOffset ){
      p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset);
      VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, iOffset+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    }
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
................................................................................
    p->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
  }

  /* Detach the ORDER BY clause from the compound SELECT */
  p->pOrderBy = 0;

  /* Store the results of the setup-query in Queue. */

  rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSetup, &destQueue);

  if( rc ) goto end_of_recursive_query;

  /* Find the next row in the Queue and output that row */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iQueue, addrBreak);

  /* Transfer the next row in Queue over to Current */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, iCurrent); /* To reset column cache */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iQueue, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regCurrent);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iQueue, regCurrent);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iQueue);

  /* Output the single row in Current */
  addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  codeOffset(v, regOffset, addrCont);
  selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, iCurrent,
      0, 0, pDest, addrCont, addrBreak);

  if( regLimit ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, regLimit, addrBreak, -1);


  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCont);

  /* Execute the recursive SELECT taking the single row in Current as
  ** the value for the recursive-table. Store the results in the Queue.
  */
  p->pPrior = 0;
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
................................................................................
  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
  assert( pPrior->pRightmost!=pPrior );
  assert( pPrior->pRightmost==p->pRightmost );
  dest = *pDest;
  if( pPrior->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"ORDER BY clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }
................................................................................
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset; /* Saved values of p->nLimit and p->nOffset */
      int addr;
      SelectDest uniondest;

      testcase( p->op==TK_EXCEPT );
      testcase( p->op==TK_UNION );
      priorOp = SRT_Union;
      if( dest.eDest==priorOp && ALWAYS(!p->pLimit &&!p->pOffset) ){
        /* We can reuse a temporary table generated by a SELECT to our
        ** right.
        */
        assert( p->pRightmost!=p );  /* Can only happen for leftward elements
                                     ** of a 3-way or more compound */
        assert( p->pLimit==0 );      /* Not allowed on leftward elements */
        assert( p->pOffset==0 );     /* Not allowed on leftward elements */
        unionTab = dest.iSDParm;
      }else{
        /* We will need to create our own temporary table to hold the
        ** intermediate results.
        */
        unionTab = pParse->nTab++;
        assert( p->pOrderBy==0 );
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, unionTab, 0);
        assert( p->addrOpenEphm[0] == -1 );
        p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
        p->pRightmost->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
        assert( p->pEList );
      }

      /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
      */
      assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);
................................................................................
          Select *pFirst = p;
          while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
          generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
        }
        iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, unionTab, iBreak);
        iStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, unionTab,
                        0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: assert( p->op==TK_INTERSECT ); {
      int tab1, tab2;
................................................................................
      tab1 = pParse->nTab++;
      tab2 = pParse->nTab++;
      assert( p->pOrderBy==0 );

      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, tab1, 0);
      assert( p->addrOpenEphm[0] == -1 );
      p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
      p->pRightmost->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
      assert( p->pEList );

      /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
      */
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
................................................................................
        Select *pFirst = p;
        while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
        generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
      }
      iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UsesEphemeral ){
    int i;                        /* Loop counter */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pRightmost==p );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nCol, 1);
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }
    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
................................................................................
  addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* Suppress duplicates for UNION, EXCEPT, and INTERSECT 
  */
  if( regPrev ){
    int j1, j2;
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regPrev);
    j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst,
                              (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j2+2, iContinue, j2+2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst-1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regPrev);
  }
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

  /* Suppress the first OFFSET entries if there is an OFFSET clause
................................................................................
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.
  */
  if( p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1);
  }

  /* Generate the subroutine return
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regReturn);

................................................................................
){
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest destA;     /* Destination for coroutine A */
  SelectDest destB;     /* Destination for coroutine B */
  int regAddrA;         /* Address register for select-A coroutine */
  int regEofA;          /* Flag to indicate when select-A is complete */
  int regAddrB;         /* Address register for select-B coroutine */
  int regEofB;          /* Flag to indicate when select-B is complete */
  int addrSelectA;      /* Address of the select-A coroutine */
  int addrSelectB;      /* Address of the select-B coroutine */
  int regOutA;          /* Address register for the output-A subroutine */
  int regOutB;          /* Address register for the output-B subroutine */
  int addrOutA;         /* Address of the output-A subroutine */
  int addrOutB = 0;     /* Address of the output-B subroutine */
  int addrEofA;         /* Address of the select-A-exhausted subroutine */

  int addrEofB;         /* Address of the select-B-exhausted subroutine */
  int addrAltB;         /* Address of the A<B subroutine */
  int addrAeqB;         /* Address of the A==B subroutine */
  int addrAgtB;         /* Address of the A>B subroutine */
  int regLimitA;        /* Limit register for select-A */
  int regLimitB;        /* Limit register for select-A */
  int regPrev;          /* A range of registers to hold previous output */
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
 
  /* Separate the left and the right query from one another
  */
  p->pPrior = 0;

  sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(pParse, p, p->pOrderBy, "ORDER");
  if( pPrior->pPrior==0 ){
    sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(pParse, pPrior, pPrior->pOrderBy, "ORDER");
  }

  /* Compute the limit registers */
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, labelEnd);
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
  p->pLimit = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
  p->pOffset = 0;

  regAddrA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regEofA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regAddrB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regEofB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutB = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destA, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrA);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destB, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrB);

  /* Jump past the various subroutines and coroutines to the main
  ** merge loop
  */
  j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  addrSelectA = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);


  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for left SELECT"));


  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;
  explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for left SELECT"));

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
  */
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for right SELECT"));

  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  
  explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for right SELECT"));

  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for A"));
  addrOutA = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destA, pDest, regOutA,
................................................................................
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, labelEnd);
  }
  sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyDup);

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select A
  ** are exhausted and only data in select B remains.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelEnd);
  }else{  
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofB, labelEnd);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofA);
    p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select B
  ** are exhausted and only data in select A remains.
  */
  if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofB = addrEofA;
    if( p->nSelectRow > pPrior->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-B subroutine"));
    addrEofB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofA, labelEnd);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofB);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A<B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-lt-B subroutine"));
  addrAltB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofA, addrEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A==B
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
  }else if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
    addrAltB++;
  }else{
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-eq-B subroutine"));
    addrAeqB =
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofA, addrEofA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A>B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-gt-B subroutine"));
  addrAgtB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofB, addrEofB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* This code runs once to initialize everything.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regEofB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regAddrA, addrSelectA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regAddrB, addrSelectB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofA, addrEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofB, addrEofB);

  /* Implement the main merge loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB);

  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

  /* Set the number of output columns
  */
................................................................................

  /* Reassembly the compound query so that it will be freed correctly
  ** by the calling function */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;


  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expresssions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( p->pRightmost && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
................................................................................
    p->pOffset = 0;
    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);
    p->pOffset = pOffset;
    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;
    p->pRightmost = 0;
    if( pNew==0 ){
      pNew = pPrior;
    }else{
      pNew->pPrior = pPrior;

      pNew->pRightmost = 0;
    }
    p->pPrior = pNew;

    if( db->mallocFailed ) return 1;
  }

  /* Begin flattening the iFrom-th entry of the FROM clause 
  ** in the outer query.
  */
  pSub = pSub1 = pSubitem->pSelect;
................................................................................
  p->pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ALL, 0));
  p->op = TK_SELECT;
  p->pWhere = 0;
  pNew->pGroupBy = 0;
  pNew->pHaving = 0;
  pNew->pOrderBy = 0;
  p->pPrior = 0;




  pNew->pLimit = 0;
  pNew->pOffset = 0;
  return WRC_Continue;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
/*
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  if( p->pWith ){

    assert( pParse->pWith==p->pWith );
    pParse->pWith = p->pWith->pOuter;
  }
}
#else
#define selectPopWith 0
#endif

/*
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, p->pWith, 0);

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
................................................................................
  ** may have been used, invalidating the underlying buffer holding the
  ** text or blob value. See ticket [883034dcb5].
  **
  ** Another solution would be to change the OP_SCopy used to copy cached
  ** values to an OP_Copy.
  */
  if( regHit ){
    addrHitTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regHit);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=0, pC=pAggInfo->aCol; i<pAggInfo->nAccumulator; i++, pC++){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pC->pExpr, pC->iMem);
  }
  pAggInfo->directMode = 0;
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
................................................................................
    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }else if( pTabList->nSrc==1 && (p->selFlags & SF_Materialize)==0
      && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop;
      int addrEof;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      addrEof = ++pParse->nMem;
      /* Before coding the OP_Goto to jump to the start of the main routine,
      ** ensure that the jump to the verify-schema routine has already
      ** been coded. Otherwise, the verify-schema would likely be coded as 
      ** part of the co-routine. If the main routine then accessed the 
      ** database before invoking the co-routine for the first time (for 
      ** example to initialize a LIMIT register from a sub-select), it would 
      ** be doing so without having verified the schema version and obtained 
      ** the required db locks. See ticket d6b36be38.  */
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_OpenPseudo, pItem->iCursor);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);

      VdbeComment((v, "coroutine for %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, addrEof);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addrTop, dest.iSdst);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addrTop, dest.nSdst);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, addrEof);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
      ** to the address of the generated subroutine.  pItem->regReturn
      ** is a register allocated to hold the subroutine return address
................................................................................
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;
      VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      if( pItem->isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);



      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
................................................................................
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
  sDistinct.isTnct = (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* If there is are a sequence of queries, do the earlier ones first.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    if( p->pRightmost==0 ){
      Select *pLoop, *pRight = 0;
      int cnt = 0;
      int mxSelect;
      for(pLoop=p; pLoop; pLoop=pLoop->pPrior, cnt++){
        pLoop->pRightmost = p;
        pLoop->pNext = pRight;
        pRight = pLoop;
      }
      mxSelect = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
        goto select_end;
      }
    }
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
................................................................................
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        sAggInfo.sortingIdxPTab = sortPTab = pParse->nTab++;
        sortOut = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, sortPTab, sortOut, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrEnd);
        VdbeComment((v, "GROUP BY sort"));
        sAggInfo.useSortingIdx = 1;
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
      }

      /* Evaluate the current GROUP BY terms and store in b0, b1, b2...
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
................................................................................
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, iAMem, iBMem, pGroupBy->nExpr,
                          (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j1+1, 0, j1+1);

      /* Generate code that runs whenever the GROUP BY changes.
      ** Changes in the GROUP BY are detected by the previous code
      ** block.  If there were no changes, this block is skipped.
      **
      ** This code copies current group by terms in b0,b1,b2,...
      ** over to a0,a1,a2.  It then calls the output subroutine
      ** and resets the aggregate accumulator registers in preparation
      ** for the next GROUP BY batch.
      */
      sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, iBMem, iAMem, pGroupBy->nExpr);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutputRow, addrOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "output one row"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iAbortFlag, addrEnd);
      VdbeComment((v, "check abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      VdbeComment((v, "reset accumulator"));

      /* Update the aggregate accumulators based on the content of
      ** the current row
      */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iUseFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "indicate data in accumulator"));

      /* End of the loop
      */
      if( groupBySort ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrTopOfLoop);

      }else{
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrSortingIdx);
      }

      /* Output the final row of result
      */
................................................................................
      */
      addrSetAbort = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iAbortFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "set abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, pOrderBy,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ){
    p->pPrior->pNext = p;
    p = p->pPrior;
  }
  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int base;

    static const VdbeOpList dropTrigger[] = {
      { OP_Rewind,     0, ADDR(9),  0},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 1 */
      { OP_Column,     0, 1,        2},
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 4: "trigger" */
      { OP_Column,     0, 0,        2},
................................................................................
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_Delete,     0, 0,        0},
      { OP_Next,       0, ADDR(1),  0}, /* 8 */
    };

    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    base = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v,  ArraySize(dropTrigger), dropTrigger);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, base+1, pTrigger->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, base+4, "trigger", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iDb, 0, 0, pTrigger->zName, 0);
    if( pParse->nMem<3 ){
      pParse->nMem = 3;
................................................................................
    **     INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t2 VALUES(new.a, new.b);
    **   END;
    **
    **   INSERT INTO t1 ... ;            -- insert into t2 uses REPLACE policy
    **   INSERT OR IGNORE INTO t1 ... ;  -- insert into t2 uses IGNORE policy
    */
    pParse->eOrconf = (orconf==OE_Default)?pStep->orconf:(u8)orconf;

    /* Clear the cookieGoto flag. When coding triggers, the cookieGoto 
    ** variable is used as a flag to indicate to sqlite3ExprCodeConstants()
    ** that it is not safe to refactor constants (this happens after the
    ** start of the first loop in the SQL statement is coded - at that 
    ** point code may be conditionally executed, so it is no longer safe to 
    ** initialize constant register values).  */
    assert( pParse->cookieGoto==0 || pParse->cookieGoto==-1 );
    pParse->cookieGoto = 0;


    switch( pStep->op ){
      case TK_UPDATE: {
        sqlite3Update(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pStep->pExprList, 0), 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 
................................................................................
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), P4_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Top of the update loop */
  if( okOnePass ){
    if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iBaseCur] ){
      assert( pPk!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey, nKey);

    }
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);

  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);

  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);

  }

  /* If the record number will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the record number is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid);
  }

  /* Compute the old pre-UPDATE content of the row being changed, if that
  ** information is needed */
  if( chngPk || hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, regNew, pTab->nCol);
    sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
        TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

    /* The row-trigger may have deleted the row being updated. In this
    ** case, jump to the next row. No updates or AFTER triggers are 
    ** required. This behavior - what happens when the row being updated
    ** is deleted or renamed by a BEFORE trigger - is left undefined in the
    ** documentation.
    */
    if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue,regKey,nKey);

    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);

    }

    /* If it did not delete it, the row-trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their 
    ** registers in case this has happened.
    */
................................................................................
    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
      if( pPk ){
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, 0, regKey, nKey);
      }else{
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, 0, regOldRowid);
      }

    }
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, aRegIdx);
  
    /* If changing the record number, delete the old record.  */
    if( hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, 0);
    }
................................................................................
  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  if( okOnePass ){
    /* Nothing to do at end-of-loop for a single-pass */
  }else if( pPk ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addrTop);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelContinue);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Table, ephemTab);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);

  /* Generate code to scan the ephemeral table and call VUpdate. */
  iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol+1;
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column,  ephemTab, 0, iReg);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, (pRowid?1:0), iReg+1);
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i+1+(pRowid!=0), iReg+2+i);
  }
  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, pTab->nCol+2, iReg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);

  /* Cleanup */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
  int addrBrk;          /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrNxt;          /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
  int addrSkip;         /* Jump here for next iteration of skip-scan */
  int addrCont;         /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
  int addrFirst;        /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
  int addrBody;         /* Beginning of the body of this loop */
  u8 iFrom;             /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
  u8 op, p5;            /* Opcode and P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on pWLoop->wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */


/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);

  /* Count the number of columns that will be added to the index
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  
  /* Jump here when skipping the initialization */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInit);
}
................................................................................
#endif
  assert( pRec!=0 );
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
      iMin = iTest+1;
    }else{
      i = iTest;
    }
  }while( res && iMin<i );

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The following assert statements check that the binary search code
  ** above found the right answer. This block serves no purpose other
  ** than to invoke the asserts.  */
  if( res==0 ){
    /* If (res==0) is true, then sample $i must be equal to pRec */
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    assert( 0==sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }else{
    /* Otherwise, pRec must be smaller than sample $i and larger than
    ** sample ($i-1).  */
    assert( i==pIdx->nSample 
         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)>0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    assert( i==0
         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i-1].n, aSample[i-1].p, pRec)<0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG */

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then res==0.
................................................................................
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);


    assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 );
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IN_ABLE;
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
................................................................................
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_PrevIfOpen : OP_NextIfOpen;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
................................................................................
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);


    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLt:OP_SeekGt),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);


    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
  }    
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
      }
    }
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))==0 ){
      Expr *pRight = pTerm->pExpr->pRight;

      sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(v, pRight, regBase+j, pLevel->addrBrk);


      if( zAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zAff[j])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zAff[j]) ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pTabItem->addrFillSub-1, regYield);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regYield);

    VdbeComment((v, "next row of co-routine %s", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regYield+1, addrBrk);
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 1:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
................................................................................
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);

    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
................................................................................
  ){
    /* Case 2:  We can directly reference a single row using an
    **          equality comparison against the ROWID field.  Or
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    assert( pLoop->u.btree.nEq==1 );
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );

    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, 0, bRev, iReleaseReg);

    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);

    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE)!=0
  ){
................................................................................
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGt,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLe,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLt,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGe
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      testcase( pStart->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* transitive constraints */
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));




      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rTemp);
      disableTerm(pLevel, pStart);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);


    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( (pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pEnd->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* Transitive constraints */
................................................................................
    }
    start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    pLevel->op = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = start;
    assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
      iRowidReg = iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, testOp, memEndValue, addrBrk, iRowidReg);




      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
  }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
    /* Case 4: A scan using an index.
    **
    **         The WHERE clause may contain zero or more equality 
    **         terms ("==" or "IN" operators) that refer to the N
................................................................................
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGt,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLt,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGe,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */

    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */



    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->u.btree.nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
................................................................................
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0 );
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
    j = nEq;
................................................................................
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
      pRangeStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;







    }

    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(pParse,pLevel,bRev,nExtraReg,&zStartAff);
................................................................................
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nKeyCol && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nKeyCol==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);

    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    startEq = !pRangeStart || pRangeStart->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
................................................................................
    start_constraints = pRangeStart || nEq>0;

    /* Seek the index cursor to the start of the range. */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeStart ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeStart->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      if( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){


        sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(v, pRight, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);

      }
      if( zStartAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zStartAff[nEq])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE){
          /* Since the comparison is to be performed with no conversions
          ** applied to the operands, set the affinity to apply to pRight to 
          ** SQLITE_AFF_NONE.  */
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
................................................................................
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( isMinQuery ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );


    testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGt );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekGe );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLe );
    testcase( op==OP_SeekLt );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeEnd->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1);
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){


        sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(v, pRight, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);

      }
      if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, cEndAff)!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE
       && !sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, cEndAff)
      ){
        codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1, &cEndAff);
      }
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );




    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    op = aEndOp[(pRangeEnd || nEq) * (1 + bRev)];


    testcase( op==OP_Noop );
    testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );
    testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );
    if( op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, endEq!=bRev ?1:0);
    }

    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT );
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT );
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0 
     && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
     && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0 
     && (nEq || (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)==0)
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, nEq, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].zName));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;


    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

................................................................................
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;


        if( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_ORINFO) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
................................................................................
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);

          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReturn, iLoopBody);

          /* The pSubWInfo->untestedTerms flag means that this OR term
          ** contained one or more AND term from a notReady table.  The
          ** terms from the notReady table could not be tested and will
          ** need to be tested later.
................................................................................
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);


      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
................................................................................
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate "Explanation" text for a WhereTerm.
................................................................................
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert(
        (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))!=0
        || nInMul==0
      );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0  
       || (pProbe->onError!=OE_None && nInMul==0
           && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)
      ){
        assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0 || iCol<0 );



        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;

      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
................................................................................
    } /* end-if not one-row */

    /* Mark off any other ORDER BY terms that reference pLoop */
    if( isOrderDistinct ){
      orderDistinctMask |= pLoop->maskSelf;
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        Expr *p;

        if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
        p = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        if( (exprTableUsage(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p)&~orderDistinctMask)==0 ){


          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
        }
      }
    }
  } /* End the loop over all WhereLoops from outer-most down to inner-most */
  if( obSat==obDone ) return 1;
  if( !isOrderDistinct ) return 0;
................................................................................

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWInfo);
  whereSplit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWhere, TK_AND);
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; ii++){
    if( nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr, pWInfo->iBreak,
................................................................................
  ** and work forward so that the added virtual terms are never processed.
  */
  exprAnalyzeAll(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause contains references to general
  ** expressions, then we won't be able to satisfy it using indices, so
  ** go ahead and disable it now.
  */
  if( pOrderBy && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
      Expr *pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[ii].pExpr);
      if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ){
        pWInfo->pOrderBy = pOrderBy = 0;
        break;
      }else if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
    if( isDistinctRedundant(pParse, pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC, pResultSet) ){
      /* The DISTINCT marking is pointless.  Ignore it. */
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }else if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
................................................................................
      pLevel->iIdxCur = iIndexCur;
      assert( pIx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      assert( iIndexCur>=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iIndexCur, pIx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIx);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));
    }
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    notReady &= ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
................................................................................
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=pWInfo->nLevel-1; i>=0; i--){
    int addr;
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrCont);
    if( pLevel->op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pLevel->op, pLevel->p1, pLevel->p2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pLevel->p5);




    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);



        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->addrSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrSkip);
      VdbeComment((v, "next skip-scan on %s", pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip-2);
    }
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
      assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
           || (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 );
      if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pTabList->a[i].iCursor);
      }
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pLevel->iIdxCur);
................................................................................
  /* The "break" point is here, just past the end of the outer loop.
  ** Set it.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pWInfo->iBreak);

  assert( pWInfo->nLevel<=pTabList->nSrc );
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++, pLevel++){


    Index *pIdx = 0;
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

























    /* Close all of the cursors that were opened by sqlite3WhereBegin.
    ** Except, do not close cursors that will be reused by the OR optimization
    ** (WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE).  And do not close the OP_OpenWrite cursors
    ** created for the ONEPASS optimization.
    */
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
................................................................................
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_IDX_ONLY) ){
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
      pIdx = pLevel->u.pCovidx;
    }
    if( pIdx && !db->mallocFailed ){
      int k, last;
      VdbeOp *pOp;

      last = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      k = pLevel->addrBody;
      pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, k);
      for(; k<last; k++, pOp++){
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
................................................................................
  sqlite3ExplainBegin(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3ExplainSelect(pParse->pVdbe, yymsp[0].minor.yy3);
  sqlite3ExplainFinish(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[0].minor.yy3);
}
        break;
      case 112: /* select ::= with selectnowith */
{ 
  if( yymsp[0].minor.yy3 ){


    yymsp[0].minor.yy3->pWith = yymsp[-1].minor.yy59; 











  }else{
    sqlite3WithDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy59);
  }
  yygotominor.yy3 = yymsp[0].minor.yy3; 
}
        break;
      case 113: /* selectnowith ::= oneselect */
      case 119: /* oneselect ::= values */ yytestcase(yyruleno==119);
{yygotominor.yy3 = yymsp[0].minor.yy3;}
        break;
      case 114: /* selectnowith ::= selectnowith multiselect_op oneselect */
{
  if( yymsp[0].minor.yy3 ){








    yymsp[0].minor.yy3->op = (u8)yymsp[-1].minor.yy328;
    yymsp[0].minor.yy3->pPrior = yymsp[-2].minor.yy3;
    if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy328!=TK_ALL ) pParse->hasCompound = 1;
  }else{
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy3);
  }
  yygotominor.yy3 = yymsp[0].minor.yy3;
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
{yygotominor.yy328 = TK_ALL;}
        break;
      case 118: /* oneselect ::= SELECT distinct selcollist from where_opt groupby_opt having_opt orderby_opt limit_opt */
{
................................................................................
    ** that demonstrat invariants on well-formed database files.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.neverCorrupt = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }
















  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

/*


|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|







 







>
|







 







|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<
<







 







|


>
>
>







 







>
>
|
<
>
|
|
|
|
|
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
|
|
|
|
|
<
>
|
<
<
|
|
>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<


>
>
|
<
<








|










|


>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
|
|
|
|
<
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<





>
>
>
>
|
|
<
>
|
|







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|



|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|







 







|







 







|

>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
<







 







>
>
>
>
>




>







 







>
>
>




|

>
>


<
<
<
<
<







 







|
|









>







 







<







 







|



>







 







<





>









<
<





>
>


|






>


<




<







 







>
|
|
>
>
>




>







 







<







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<







 







|
>



|







 







<







 







|







 







>
>
>







 







<







 







<







 







>


|










|







 







|







 







|







 







|
|
>
|






<







 







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







<







 







<




<

>







 







|
|
>
>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
|
|
>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<


>
>
|
<
<








|










|


>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
|
|
|
|
<
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<





>
>
>
>
|
|
<
>
|
|







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







<
<
<
<





>







 







>








>

|
>
>
>




>







 







|
>







 







>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







>







 







|










|

>
>
>
>










|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
<







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







<







 







|





<







 







<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|






|







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>








>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







>







 







>
|
|
<
<

>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<

>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
<
<
<
<
<







 







|
>








|
|




|







 







|

|












|


>







 







<












<







 







<







 







<







 







|







 







>







 







<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>

<
<
<





>
|
|
<
>
>
>



<







 







<







 







<



<







 







<







 







|

|







 







<
<
<







 







<







 







>
>
>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>












<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







<
<
<







 







|







 







>







 







|







 







<







<







 







<




<




<






|








<







|


<








|

<



<







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

<
>
>




>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>











<








|




<
|




<
|




|





|
<
<
<







 







|
|







 







|







 







>

|
<
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<

|

|







 







|
|
|
<
>
|
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|









|










<
|







 







<







 







<







 







|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<




|







 







|







 







|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<











|
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|






|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>
>
|
<

<
>

|







 







|







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<







 







|







 







<







 







>






>






>







 







|







 







|










|
>



|

>



>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|


>
>
>
>

|


<
>









|







 







|
>
>












|


<







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
>
|







 







|







 







>

<
|





>
>







 







|
|







 







<







 







<



>







 







<







 







>







 







|







 







>













<
<
|



>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
|
|
|
|







 







|

|

|







 







|
>
>



>







 







>













>













>







 







<
<
<
<
<







 







>







 







|
|







 







<







 







|
|
>







 







|







 







|

|
|
|
>
>






<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<










|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>



>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







|
|


|
|
|
<







 







|







 







|
|
|
|












|
|
|







 







|











|
|
|
|





|
|
|
|







 







|
|

|


|
|
|
|
|







 







|
|
>







|
|
>











>







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<









<

>






|







 







>


>







 







>







 







<
<
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|


|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|

|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|

<
<
<







 







<







 







<







 







>







 







|







 







|
>
|







 







>






|








>
>
>
>
>









|




|








>
>
>
>
>







|







 







>



>
>







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|
|
>



>
>
>

<
<
<
|
>
>
>
>
>
>





|
|
>



>
>
>

<
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

>
>

|







 







|
|
>

<
>
>







>
>
|


|


>







 







<







 







>



>







 







>







 







|











>
>







 







|







 







>


>







 







>







 







>







 







>







 







<







 







|







 







>







 







<









|







 







|







 







|







 







>
>
>







 







<







 







<
|
>
>
>
>



>
>
>

<
>



>
>
>
>







 







>


<







 







<
<
<
<







 







>

|
<
|
<

|
|
<
|
|
|
|
|
|
|







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<
<






|

|
|
|
|




|
|
|








|
|







 







|


|







 







>
>







 







|
|







 







<



>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|










<
<
|
>







 







|






<




>







 







|







 







<







 







>







 







|

|

>







|

>







 







|





|






>







|
>
|
>
|
<
|

<
<
<
<
|
|







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<




>
>
>
>
>
>













>
>







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|
|
<
<









|
|
<
<




>
>







 







>







 







|






>







 







>







 







|












<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|

|
<
>

<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
<
>
|
|
|
<
<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<





>
>
>
>
>
>













>
>






|
|
<
<


>
>







 







>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<





>
>
>
>
>
>













>
>






<
<


>
>







 







>







 







|
|







 







|







 







|
|







 







|







 







>







 







>







 







>







 







|







 







>




>










|







 







|







 







|

|
>
|



|
|
|
|
|
|
<
>
>







 







<


<
>






|







 







<







 







|







 







|





|






|






|








|







 







|











|







|







 







|
|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
<
<
<
<



<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
|

|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
<







 







<


<







<

<
<







 







|







 







>


|




>







 







|







 







>
|
>
>
>







 







>
|







 







>
>







 







>



|







 







>






|
>



|







 







|





|
|
|







 







>







 







|







 







>







 







|







 







|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
<









|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
|
<

<









>
|
<
>


>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
>









|







|







 







|

|




|







 







|






|
<
<
<
<
<

<
<
<

<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<








<
<
|

|
<










<








<
|
<

|
<







 







<



<



>
|
|
>









<







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>








|
|
>

<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

>
>
>
>


<










|









|
<






|
<





|
<



|
|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|





|





|
<




|
|


<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|


|







 







<
|







 







|







 







|




|

|







 







|
>
|







 







|



>
|
>







 







|







 







>







 







>




>




|







 







>
>







 







>







 







>
>
>
>







 







<







 







|










>
>







 







>
>
>







 







>






>


>







 







|







 







|





|



>













|







 







|


|




|







 







>







 







|







 







>









|







 







|


|







 







|







 







|
|
|



|






|


|
<
|

>










|







 







>







 







>







 







|







 







>










|









|









|





|







|


|
>








|







 







|











|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







>


|
>
>
>
>
>
>

<
<

>











|







 







>


>
|







 







|







 







<
<
<
<
|
|







 







<



|
<
|
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







>





|







 







|

|







 







|







 







<
<
|
>
>
>
>

<
>







 







|

|





|

|




|







 







>

>



|







 







>
|
>
>







 







<
<







 







|







 







|



<
<












|







 







|




|







 







|







 







|


|




|







 







|







 







|


|







 







|







 







<

<







>







 







>







 







<

<




<
<
<
<
<
<
<




|
>
>



|
|
<




|
|
>








<
|
<







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|












<
|
|







<
|












<
|










<
|





|
|
<
<
<
<








|







 







>







 







|







 







<

|


>
|
<
|
>







 







>
>
>
>







 







|
>
|
|







 







|







 







|







 







|
|




|
<

<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
>
|

<
<





|
<
<
|
<







 







<




|
>
>
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







|













|







 







>







 







|







 







<
<
<
<







 







>







 







|







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
>







 







|







 







>



>


|


>



>

>









|







 







<
|











>


>







 







>







 







|







 







|









|







 







|







 







>







 







|







 







|




|







 







|







 







|





|


|







 







>
>







 







|







 







>
>


|

>
>







 







>
|
>
>







 







|
|
>
|
<







 







>







 







<





>

>

|

>







 







|
|
|
|













>
>
>
>





>
>







 







|



>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|
|


|
|
|
>


<

<












>
>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>







 







|
>
>
|
>







 







|





|


>
>
|
|
|
|
|
|
<









|
>
>
|
>








>
>
>
>







|
>
>
|
|
|
<
<
|


<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<






|











|













>
>







 







>
>
|







 







>







 







>
>







 







<







 







<
<
|
<

>
>
>
|
>







 







>


|
>
>







 







<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







|

>
>
>
>








>
>
>












|







 







>
>





>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
<







 







|
|
>
>
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>



|








|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|




|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
..
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
...
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
....
6200
6201
6202
6203
6204
6205
6206
6207
6208
6209
6210
6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
....
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471











































7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
....
8851
8852
8853
8854
8855
8856
8857


8858
8859
8860
8861
8862
8863
8864
....
8990
8991
8992
8993
8994
8995
8996
8997
8998
8999
9000
9001
9002
9003
9004
9005
9006
9007
9008
9009
....
9105
9106
9107
9108
9109
9110
9111
9112
9113
9114

9115
9116
9117
9118
9119
9120
9121
9122
9123
9124
9125
9126
9127
9128
9129
9130
9131
9132
9133
9134
9135
9136
9137
9138
9139
9140
9141
9142
9143

9144
9145
9146
9147
9148

9149
9150


9151
9152
9153
9154
9155
9156
9157
9158
9159
9160
9161
9162


9163
9164
9165
9166
9167


9168
9169
9170
9171
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176
9177
9178
9179
9180
9181
9182
9183
9184
9185
9186
9187
9188
9189
9190
9191
9192
9193
9194
9195
9196
9197
9198
9199
9200
9201
9202
9203
9204
9205
9206
9207
9208
9209
9210
9211
9212
9213
9214
9215
9216
9217
9218
9219
9220
9221
9222
9223
9224
9225
9226
9227
9228
9229

9230
9231
9232
9233
9234




9235
9236
9237
9238
9239
9240
9241
9242
9243
9244
9245

9246
9247
9248
9249
9250
9251
9252
9253
9254
9255
....
9258
9259
9260
9261
9262
9263
9264
9265
9266
9267
9268
9269
9270
9271
9272
9273
9274
9275
9276
9277
9278
9279
9280
9281
9282
9283
9284
9285
9286
9287
9288
9289
....
9291
9292
9293
9294
9295
9296
9297
9298
9299
9300
9301
9302
9303
9304
9305
....
9332
9333
9334
9335
9336
9337
9338
9339
9340
9341
9342
9343
9344
9345
9346
9347
9348
9349
9350
....
9365
9366
9367
9368
9369
9370
9371
9372
9373
9374
9375
9376
9377
9378
9379
9380
9381
9382
9383
9384
9385
9386
9387
9388
9389
9390
9391
9392
9393
9394
9395
9396
9397
9398
9399
9400
9401
9402
9403
9404
9405
9406
9407
9408
9409
9410
9411
9412
9413
.....
10457
10458
10459
10460
10461
10462
10463
10464

10465
10466
10467
10468
10469
10470
10471
.....
10683
10684
10685
10686
10687
10688
10689
10690
10691
10692
10693
10694
10695
10696
10697
10698
10699
10700
10701
10702
10703
10704
10705
10706
.....
10951
10952
10953
10954
10955
10956
10957
10958
10959
10960
10961
10962
10963
10964
10965
10966
10967
10968
10969
10970





10971
10972
10973
10974
10975
10976
10977
.....
11383
11384
11385
11386
11387
11388
11389
11390
11391
11392
11393
11394
11395
11396
11397
11398
11399
11400
11401
11402
11403
11404
11405
11406
11407
11408
.....
11523
11524
11525
11526
11527
11528
11529

11530
11531
11532
11533
11534
11535
11536
.....
11540
11541
11542
11543
11544
11545
11546
11547
11548
11549
11550
11551
11552
11553
11554
11555
11556
11557
11558
.....
11723
11724
11725
11726
11727
11728
11729

11730
11731
11732
11733
11734
11735
11736
11737
11738
11739
11740
11741
11742
11743
11744


11745
11746
11747
11748
11749
11750
11751
11752
11753
11754
11755
11756
11757
11758
11759
11760
11761
11762
11763

11764
11765
11766
11767

11768
11769
11770
11771
11772
11773
11774
.....
11779
11780
11781
11782
11783
11784
11785
11786
11787
11788
11789
11790
11791
11792
11793
11794
11795
11796
11797
11798
11799
11800
11801
11802
11803
.....
11816
11817
11818
11819
11820
11821
11822

11823
11824
11825
11826
11827
11828
11829
.....
12031
12032
12033
12034
12035
12036
12037
12038
12039
12040
12041
12042
12043
12044
12045
12046
12047
12048
12049
12050
12051
.....
12371
12372
12373
12374
12375
12376
12377

12378
12379
12380
12381
12382
12383
12384
.....
12418
12419
12420
12421
12422
12423
12424
12425
12426
12427
12428
12429
12430
12431
12432
12433
12434
12435
12436
12437
.....
12461
12462
12463
12464
12465
12466
12467

12468
12469
12470
12471
12472
12473
12474
.....
12604
12605
12606
12607
12608
12609
12610
12611
12612
12613
12614
12615
12616
12617
12618
.....
13416
13417
13418
13419
13420
13421
13422
13423
13424
13425
13426
13427
13428
13429
13430
13431
13432
.....
13711
13712
13713
13714
13715
13716
13717

13718
13719
13720
13721
13722
13723
13724
.....
13804
13805
13806
13807
13808
13809
13810

13811
13812
13813
13814
13815
13816
13817
.....
13830
13831
13832
13833
13834
13835
13836
13837
13838
13839
13840
13841
13842
13843
13844
13845
13846
13847
13848
13849
13850
13851
13852
13853
13854
13855
13856
13857
13858
.....
13865
13866
13867
13868
13869
13870
13871
13872
13873
13874
13875
13876
13877
13878
13879
.....
14027
14028
14029
14030
14031
14032
14033
14034
14035
14036
14037
14038
14039
14040
14041
.....
14060
14061
14062
14063
14064
14065
14066
14067
14068
14069
14070
14071
14072
14073
14074
14075
14076

14077
14078
14079
14080
14081
14082
14083
.....
14090
14091
14092
14093
14094
14095
14096
14097
14098
14099
14100
14101
14102
14103
14104
.....
17838
17839
17840
17841
17842
17843
17844
17845
17846
17847
17848
17849
17850
17851
17852
17853
17854
17855
17856
17857
.....
17902
17903
17904
17905
17906
17907
17908
17909
17910
17911
17912
17913
17914
17915
17916
17917
17918
17919
17920
17921
17922
.....
21474
21475
21476
21477
21478
21479
21480
21481
21482
21483
21484
21485
21486
21487
21488
.....
21602
21603
21604
21605
21606
21607
21608

21609
21610
21611
21612
21613
21614
21615
.....
22811
22812
22813
22814
22815
22816
22817

22818
22819
22820
22821

22822
22823
22824
22825
22826
22827
22828
22829
22830
.....
22840
22841
22842
22843
22844
22845
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
22861
22862
22863
22864
22865
.....
23297
23298
23299
23300
23301
23302
23303
23304
23305
23306
23307
23308
23309
23310
23311
23312
23313
23314
23315
23316
23317
23318
23319
23320
23321
23322
23323
23324
23325
23326
23327
23328
23329
23330
23331
23332
23333
23334
23335

23336
23337
23338
23339
23340
23341
23342


23343
23344
23345
23346
23347
23348
23349
23350
23351
23352
23353
23354


23355
23356
23357
23358
23359


23360
23361
23362
23363
23364
23365
23366
23367
23368
23369
23370
23371
23372
23373
23374
23375
23376
23377
23378
23379
23380
23381
23382
23383
23384
23385
23386
23387
23388
23389
23390
23391
23392
23393
23394
23395
23396
23397
23398
23399
23400
23401
23402
23403
23404
23405
23406
23407
23408
23409
23410
23411
23412
23413
23414
23415
23416
23417
23418
23419
23420
23421

23422
23423
23424
23425
23426




23427
23428
23429
23430
23431
23432
23433
23434
23435
23436
23437

23438
23439
23440
23441
23442
23443
23444
23445
23446
23447
.....
23525
23526
23527
23528
23529
23530
23531


























23532
23533
23534
23535
23536
23537
23538
.....
34513
34514
34515
34516
34517
34518
34519
34520
34521
34522
34523
34524
34525
34526
34527
.....
36447
36448
36449
36450
36451
36452
36453




36454
36455
36456
36457
36458
36459
36460
36461
36462
36463
36464
36465
36466
.....
36467
36468
36469
36470
36471
36472
36473
36474
36475
36476
36477
36478
36479
36480
36481
36482
36483
36484
36485
36486
36487
36488
36489
36490
36491
36492
36493
36494
36495
36496
36497
36498
36499
36500
.....
37182
37183
37184
37185
37186
37187
37188
37189
37190
37191
37192
37193
37194
37195
37196
37197
.....
37250
37251
37252
37253
37254
37255
37256
37257
37258
37259
37260
37261
37262
37263
37264
37265
37266
37267
.....
37274
37275
37276
37277
37278
37279
37280
37281
37282
37283
37284
37285
37286
37287
37288
37289
37290
.....
37346
37347
37348
37349
37350
37351
37352
37353
37354
37355
37356
37357
37358
37359
37360
.....
37386
37387
37388
37389
37390
37391
37392
37393
37394
37395
37396
37397
37398
37399
37400
37401
37402
37403
37404
37405
37406
37407
37408
37409
37410
37411
37412
37413
37414
37415
37416
37417
37418
37419
37420
37421
37422
37423
37424
37425
37426
37427
37428
37429


37430
37431
37432
37433
37434
37435
37436
.....
41164
41165
41166
41167
41168
41169
41170
41171
41172
41173
41174
41175
41176
41177
41178
.....
48010
48011
48012
48013
48014
48015
48016
48017
48018
48019
48020
48021
48022
48023
48024
.....
49381
49382
49383
49384
49385
49386
49387
49388
49389
49390
49391
49392
49393
49394
49395
.....
50319
50320
50321
50322
50323
50324
50325

50326
50327
50328
50329
50330
50331
50332
.....
52302
52303
52304
52305
52306
52307
52308
52309
52310
52311
52312
52313
52314

52315
52316
52317
52318
52319
52320
52321
.....
54391
54392
54393
54394
54395
54396
54397

54398
54399
54400
54401
54402
54403
54404
.....
54431
54432
54433
54434
54435
54436
54437






























54438
54439
54440
54441
54442
54443
54444
.....
55307
55308
55309
55310
55311
55312
55313
55314
55315
55316
55317
55318
55319
55320
55321
.....
55328
55329
55330
55331
55332
55333
55334
55335
55336
55337
55338
55339
55340
55341
55342
55343
55344
55345
55346
55347
55348
55349
55350
55351
.....
55371
55372
55373
55374
55375
55376
55377
55378
55379
55380
55381
55382
55383
55384
55385
.....
55423
55424
55425
55426
55427
55428
55429
55430
55431
55432
55433
55434
55435
55436
55437
55438
55439
55440
55441
55442
55443
55444
.....
55451
55452
55453
55454
55455
55456
55457
55458
55459
55460
55461
55462
55463
55464
55465
.....
55516
55517
55518
55519
55520
55521
55522
55523
55524
55525
55526
55527
55528
55529
55530
55531
55532
55533
55534
55535
55536
55537
55538
55539
55540
55541
55542
55543
55544
55545
55546
55547
.....
55612
55613
55614
55615
55616
55617
55618
55619
55620
55621
55622
55623
55624
55625
55626
55627
55628
55629
55630
55631
55632
55633
55634
55635
55636
55637
55638
55639
55640
55641
55642
.....
57725
57726
57727
57728
57729
57730
57731
57732
57733
57734


57735
57736
57737
57738
57739
57740
57741
57742
57743
57744
57745
57746
57747
57748
57749
.....
57805
57806
57807
57808
57809
57810
57811

57812
57813
57814
57815
57816
57817
57818
57819
57820
.....
57861
57862
57863
57864
57865
57866
57867
57868
57869
57870
57871
57872
57873
57874
57875
.....
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028
60029
60030
60031
60032
60033
60034
60035
60036
60037
60038
60039
60040
60041
60042
60043
60044
60045
60046
60047
60048
60049
60050
60051
60052
60053
60054
60055
60056
60057
60058
60059
60060
60061
60062
60063
.....
60100
60101
60102
60103
60104
60105
60106
60107





60108
60109
60110
60111
60112
60113
60114
.....
60118
60119
60120
60121
60122
60123
60124
60125
60126
60127
60128
60129
60130
60131
60132
60133
60134
60135
60136
60137
60138
60139
60140
60141
60142
60143
60144
60145
60146
60147
60148
.....
60303
60304
60305
60306
60307
60308
60309
60310
60311
60312
60313
60314
60315
60316
60317
60318
60319
60320
60321
60322
60323
60324
60325
60326
60327
60328
60329
60330
60331
60332
60333
60334
60335
.....
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516

60517
60518
60519
60520
60521
60522
60523
60524
60525
60526
60527
60528

60529
60530
60531
60532
60533
60534
60535
.....
60544
60545
60546
60547
60548
60549
60550

60551
60552
60553
60554
60555
60556
60557
.....
60558
60559
60560
60561
60562
60563
60564

60565
60566
60567
60568
60569
60570
60571
.....
60613
60614
60615
60616
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
60622
60623
60624
60625
60626
60627
.....
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665
60666
60667
60668
60669
.....
60766
60767
60768
60769
60770
60771
60772

60773
60774
60775
60776
60777
60778
60779
.....
60780
60781
60782
60783
60784
60785
60786

















































































































60787
60788
60789
60790
60791
60792
60793
.....
60820
60821
60822
60823
60824
60825
60826
60827
60828



60829
60830
60831
60832
60833
60834
60835
60836

60837
60838
60839
60840
60841
60842

60843
60844
60845
60846
60847
60848
60849
.....
60893
60894
60895
60896
60897
60898
60899

60900
60901
60902
60903
60904
60905
60906
.....
60938
60939
60940
60941
60942
60943
60944

60945
60946
60947

60948
60949
60950
60951
60952
60953
60954
.....
61013
61014
61015
61016
61017
61018
61019

61020
61021
61022
61023
61024
61025
61026
.....
61030
61031
61032
61033
61034
61035
61036
61037
61038
61039
61040
61041
61042
61043
61044
61045
61046
.....
61058
61059
61060
61061
61062
61063
61064



61065
61066
61067
61068
61069
61070
61071
.....
61221
61222
61223
61224
61225
61226
61227

61228
61229
61230
61231
61232
61233
61234
.....
61465
61466
61467
61468
61469
61470
61471
61472
61473
61474
61475
61476
61477
61478
61479
61480
61481
.....
61830
61831
61832
61833
61834
61835
61836
61837
61838
61839
61840
61841
61842
61843
61844
.....
61857
61858
61859
61860
61861
61862
61863
61864
61865
61866
61867
61868
61869
61870
61871
61872
61873
61874
61875
.....
62151
62152
62153
62154
62155
62156
62157
62158
62159
62160
62161
62162
62163
62164
62165
62166
62167
62168
62169
62170
62171
62172
62173
62174
62175
62176
62177
62178








62179
62180
62181
62182
62183
62184
62185



62186
62187
62188
62189
62190
62191
62192
.....
62483
62484
62485
62486
62487
62488
62489
62490
62491
62492
62493
62494
62495
62496
62497
.....
62512
62513
62514
62515
62516
62517
62518
62519
62520
62521
62522
62523
62524
62525
62526
.....
62533
62534
62535
62536
62537
62538
62539
62540
62541
62542
62543
62544
62545
62546
62547
.....
62655
62656
62657
62658
62659
62660
62661

62662
62663
62664
62665
62666
62667
62668

62669
62670
62671
62672
62673
62674
62675
.....
62687
62688
62689
62690
62691
62692
62693

62694
62695
62696
62697

62698
62699
62700
62701

62702
62703
62704
62705
62706
62707
62708
62709
62710
62711
62712
62713
62714
62715
62716

62717
62718
62719
62720
62721
62722
62723
62724
62725
62726

62727
62728
62729
62730
62731
62732
62733
62734
62735
62736

62737
62738
62739

62740
62741
62742
62743
62744
62745
62746
.....
62755
62756
62757
62758
62759
62760
62761
62762
62763
62764
62765
62766
62767
62768
62769
.....
62774
62775
62776
62777
62778
62779
62780
62781
62782
62783
62784
62785
62786
62787
62788
.....
62992
62993
62994
62995
62996
62997
62998
62999
63000
63001
63002
63003
63004
63005
63006
.....
63104
63105
63106
63107
63108
63109
63110
63111
63112
63113
63114
63115
63116
63117
63118
.....
63853
63854
63855
63856
63857
63858
63859
63860
63861
63862
63863
63864
63865
63866
63867
63868
63869
63870

63871
63872
63873
63874
63875
63876
63877
63878
63879
63880
63881
63882
63883
63884
.....
64225
64226
64227
64228
64229
64230
64231
64232
64233
64234
64235
64236
64237
64238
64239
64240
64241
64242
64243
64244
64245
64246
64247
64248
64249
64250

64251
64252
64253
64254
64255
64256
64257
64258
64259
64260
64261
64262
64263

64264
64265
64266
64267
64268

64269
64270
64271
64272
64273
64274
64275
64276
64277
64278
64279
64280



64281
64282
64283
64284
64285
64286
64287
.....
64291
64292
64293
64294
64295
64296
64297
64298
64299
64300
64301
64302
64303
64304
64305
64306
.....
64388
64389
64390
64391
64392
64393
64394
64395
64396
64397
64398
64399
64400
64401
64402
.....
64409
64410
64411
64412
64413
64414
64415
64416
64417
64418

64419
64420
64421
64422
64423








64424
64425
64426
64427
64428
64429
64430
64431
64432
64433
64434
.....
64494
64495
64496
64497
64498
64499
64500
64501
64502
64503

64504
64505

64506
64507
64508
64509
64510
64511
64512
64513
64514
64515
64516
64517
64518
64519
64520
64521
64522
64523
64524
64525
64526
64527
64528
64529
64530
64531
64532
64533
64534
64535
64536
64537
64538
64539
64540
64541
64542
64543
64544
64545
64546
64547
64548
64549
64550
64551
64552
64553
64554
64555
64556
64557
64558
64559
64560
64561
64562
64563
64564
64565
64566
64567
64568
64569
64570
64571
64572
64573
64574
64575
64576
64577
64578
64579
64580
64581
64582
64583
64584
64585
64586
64587
64588
64589
64590
64591
64592
64593
64594
64595
64596
64597
64598
64599
64600
64601
64602
64603
64604
64605
64606
64607
64608
64609
64610
64611
64612
64613
64614
64615
64616
64617
64618
64619
64620
64621
64622
64623
64624
64625
64626
64627
64628
64629

64630
64631
64632
64633
64634
64635
64636
64637
64638
64639
64640
64641
64642
64643
64644
64645
64646
64647
64648
64649
64650
64651
64652
64653
64654
64655
64656
64657
64658
64659
64660
64661
64662
64663
64664
64665
64666
64667
64668
64669
64670
64671
64672
64673
64674
64675
64676
64677
64678
64679
64680
64681
64682
64683
64684
64685
64686
64687
64688
64689
64690
64691
64692
64693
64694
64695
64696
64697
64698
64699
64700
64701
64702
64703
64704
64705
64706
64707
64708
64709
64710
64711
64712
64713
64714
64715
64716
64717
64718
64719
64720
64721
64722
64723
64724
64725
64726
64727
64728
64729
64730
64731
64732
64733


64734
64735
64736
64737
64738
64739
64740
64741
64742
64743
64744
64745
64746
64747
64748
64749
64750
64751
64752
64753
64754
64755
64756
64757
64758
64759
64760
64761
64762
64763
64764
64765
64766
64767
64768
64769
64770
64771
64772
64773
64774
64775
64776
64777
64778
64779
64780
64781
64782
64783
64784
64785
64786
64787
64788
64789
64790
64791
64792
64793
64794
64795
64796
64797
64798
64799
64800
64801
64802
64803
64804
64805
64806
64807
64808
64809
64810
64811
64812
64813
64814
64815
64816
64817
64818
64819
64820
64821
64822
64823
64824
64825
64826
64827
64828
64829
64830
64831
64832
64833
64834
64835
64836
64837
64838
64839
64840
64841
64842
64843
64844
64845
64846
64847
64848
64849
64850
64851
64852
64853
64854
64855
64856
64857
64858
64859
64860
64861
64862
64863
64864
64865
64866
64867
64868
64869
64870
64871
64872
64873
64874
64875
64876
64877
64878
64879
64880
64881
64882
64883
64884
64885
64886
64887
64888
64889
64890
64891
64892
64893
64894
64895
64896
64897
64898
64899
64900
64901
64902
64903
64904
64905
64906
64907
64908
64909
64910
64911
64912
64913
64914
64915
64916
64917
64918
64919
64920
64921
64922
64923
64924
64925
64926
64927
64928
64929
64930
64931
64932
64933
64934
64935
64936
64937
64938
64939
64940
64941
64942
64943
64944
64945
64946
64947
64948
64949
64950
64951
64952
64953
64954
64955
64956
64957
64958
64959
64960
64961
64962
64963
64964
64965
64966
64967
64968
64969
64970
64971
64972
64973
64974
64975
64976
64977
64978
64979
64980
64981
64982
64983
64984
64985
64986
64987
64988
64989
64990
64991
64992
64993
64994
64995
64996
64997
64998
64999
65000
65001
65002
65003
65004
65005
65006
65007
65008
65009
65010
65011
65012
65013
65014
65015
65016
65017
65018
65019
65020
65021
65022
65023
65024
65025
65026
65027
65028
65029
65030
65031
65032
65033
65034
65035
65036
65037
65038
65039
65040
65041
65042
65043
65044
65045
65046
65047
65048
65049
65050
65051
65052
65053
65054
65055
65056
.....
65133
65134
65135
65136
65137
65138
65139
65140
65141
65142
65143
65144
65145
65146
65147
65148
65149
65150
65151
65152
65153
65154
65155
65156
65157
65158
65159
65160
65161
65162

65163
65164
65165
65166
65167
65168
65169
65170
.....
65220
65221
65222
65223
65224
65225
65226

65227
65228
65229
65230
65231
65232
65233
.....
65393
65394
65395
65396
65397
65398
65399

65400
65401
65402
65403
65404
65405
65406
.....
65429
65430
65431
65432
65433
65434
65435
65436
65437
65438
65439
65440
65441
65442
65443
65444
65445
65446
65447
65448
65449
65450
65451
65452
65453
65454
65455
65456
65457
65458
65459
65460
65461
65462
65463
65464
65465
65466
65467
65468
65469
65470
65471
65472
65473
65474
65475
65476
65477
.....
65984
65985
65986
65987
65988
65989
65990
65991
65992
65993
65994
65995
65996
65997
65998
65999
66000
66001
66002
66003
66004
66005
66006
66007
66008
66009
66010
66011
66012
66013
66014
66015
66016
66017
66018
66019
66020
66021
.....
66024
66025
66026
66027
66028
66029
66030





















66031
66032
66033
66034
66035
66036
66037
66038
66039
66040
66041
66042
.....
66425
66426
66427
66428
66429
66430
66431
66432
66433
66434
66435
66436
66437
66438
66439
.....
66926
66927
66928
66929
66930
66931
66932
66933
66934

























66935
66936
66937
66938
66939
66940
66941
66942
66943
66944
66945
66946
66947
66948
66949
66950
66951
66952
66953
66954
66955
66956
66957
.....
67002
67003
67004
67005
67006
67007
67008
67009
67010
67011
67012
67013
67014
67015
67016
.....
67022
67023
67024
67025
67026
67027
67028
67029
67030
67031
67032
67033
67034
67035
67036
67037
67038
67039
67040
67041
67042
67043
67044
67045
67046
67047
67048
67049
67050
67051
67052
67053
67054
67055
67056
67057
67058
67059
67060
67061
67062
67063
.....
67067
67068
67069
67070
67071
67072
67073
67074
67075
67076
67077
67078
67079
67080
67081
























67082
67083
67084
67085
67086
67087
67088
.....
67204
67205
67206
67207
67208
67209
67210
67211
67212
67213

67214

67215
67216
67217
67218
67219
67220
67221
67222
67223
67224
.....
67313
67314
67315
67316
67317
67318
67319
67320
67321
67322
67323
67324
67325
67326
67327
.....
67445
67446
67447
67448
67449
67450
67451














67452
67453
67454
67455
67456
67457
67458
.....
67468
67469
67470
67471
67472
67473
67474
67475
67476



























67477
67478
67479
67480
67481
67482
67483
.....
67495
67496
67497
67498
67499
67500
67501

67502
67503
67504
67505
67506
67507
67508
.....
67512
67513
67514
67515
67516
67517
67518
67519
67520
67521
67522
67523
67524
67525
67526
.....
67556
67557
67558
67559
67560
67561
67562

67563
67564
67565
67566
67567
67568
67569
.....
67603
67604
67605
67606
67607
67608
67609
67610
67611
67612
67613
67614
67615
67616
67617
67618
67619
67620
67621
67622
67623
67624
67625
67626
67627
67628
67629
67630
67631
.....
67690
67691
67692
67693
67694
67695
67696
67697
67698
67699
67700
67701
67702
67703
67704
.....
67719
67720
67721
67722
67723
67724
67725
67726
67727
67728
67729
67730
67731
67732
67733
67734
67735
67736
67737
67738
67739
67740
67741
67742
67743
67744
67745
67746
67747
67748
67749
67750
67751
67752
67753
67754
67755
67756
67757
67758
67759
67760
67761
67762
67763
67764
67765
67766
67767
67768
67769
67770
67771
67772
67773
67774
67775
67776
67777
67778
67779
67780
67781
67782
67783
67784
67785
67786
67787
67788
67789
67790
67791
67792
67793
67794
67795
67796
67797
67798

67799
67800
67801
67802
67803
67804
67805
67806
67807
67808
67809
67810
67811
67812
67813
67814
67815
67816
.....
67950
67951
67952
67953
67954
67955
67956
67957
67958
67959
67960
67961
67962
67963
67964
67965
67966
67967
67968
67969
67970
67971
67972
67973
67974

67975
67976
67977
67978
67979
67980
67981
.....
68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
68034
68035
68036
68037
68038
68039
68040
68041
68042
68043
68044
68045
68046
68047
68048
68049
68050
68051
68052
68053
68054
.....
68059
68060
68061
68062
68063
68064
68065
68066
68067
68068
68069
68070
68071
68072
68073
.....
68103
68104
68105
68106
68107
68108
68109
68110
68111

68112
68113
68114
68115
68116
68117
68118
68119
68120
68121
68122
68123
68124
68125
68126
.....
68180
68181
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188
68189
68190
68191
68192
68193
68194
68195
.....
68246
68247
68248
68249
68250
68251
68252

68253
68254
68255
68256
68257
68258
68259
.....
68288
68289
68290
68291
68292
68293
68294

68295
68296
68297
68298
68299
68300
68301
68302
68303
68304
68305
.....
68491
68492
68493
68494
68495
68496
68497

68498
68499
68500
68501
68502
68503
68504
.....
68669
68670
68671
68672
68673
68674
68675
68676
68677
68678
68679
68680
68681
68682
68683
.....
68708
68709
68710
68711
68712
68713
68714
68715
68716
68717
68718
68719
68720
68721
68722
.....
68910
68911
68912
68913
68914
68915
68916
68917
68918
68919
68920
68921
68922
68923
68924
68925
68926
68927
68928
68929
68930


68931
68932
68933
68934
68935
68936
68937
68938
68939
68940
68941
68942
68943
68944
68945
68946
.....
68965
68966
68967
68968
68969
68970
68971
68972
68973
68974
68975
68976
68977
68978
68979
68980
68981
68982
68983
68984
.....
69067
69068
69069
69070
69071
69072
69073
69074
69075
69076
69077
69078
69079
69080
69081
69082
69083
69084
69085
.....
69169
69170
69171
69172
69173
69174
69175
69176
69177
69178
69179
69180
69181
69182
69183
69184
69185
69186
69187
69188
69189
.....
69210
69211
69212
69213
69214
69215
69216
69217
69218
69219
69220
69221
69222
69223
69224
69225
69226
69227
69228
69229
69230
69231
69232
69233
69234
69235
69236
69237
69238
69239
69240
69241
69242
69243
69244
69245
69246
69247
69248
69249
69250
69251
69252
.....
69315
69316
69317
69318
69319
69320
69321





69322
69323
69324
69325
69326
69327
69328
.....
69465
69466
69467
69468
69469
69470
69471
69472
69473
69474
69475
69476
69477
69478
69479
.....
69503
69504
69505
69506
69507
69508
69509
69510
69511
69512
69513
69514
69515
69516
69517
69518
.....
69541
69542
69543
69544
69545
69546
69547

69548
69549
69550
69551
69552
69553
69554
.....
69618
69619
69620
69621
69622
69623
69624
69625
69626
69627
69628
69629
69630
69631
69632
69633
69634
.....
69687
69688
69689
69690
69691
69692
69693
69694
69695
69696
69697
69698
69699
69700
69701
.....
69964
69965
69966
69967
69968
69969
69970
69971
69972
69973
69974
69975
69976
69977
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
69983








69984
69985
69986
69987
69988
69989
69990
69991
69992
69993
69994
69995
69996
69997
69998
69999
70000
70001
70002
70003
70004
70005
70006
70007
70008
70009
70010
70011
70012
70013
70014
70015
.....
70045
70046
70047
70048
70049
70050
70051
70052
70053
70054
70055
70056
70057
70058
70059
70060
70061
70062
70063
70064
70065
70066
70067
70068
70069
70070
70071
70072
70073
70074
70075
70076
70077
70078
70079
70080
70081
70082
70083
70084
70085
70086
70087
.....
70145
70146
70147
70148
70149
70150
70151




























































70152
70153
70154
70155
70156
70157
70158
.....
70361
70362
70363
70364
70365
70366
70367
70368
70369
70370
70371
70372
70373
70374
70375
.....
70381
70382
70383
70384
70385
70386
70387
70388
70389
70390
70391
70392
70393
70394

70395
70396
70397
70398
70399
70400
70401
.....
70407
70408
70409
70410
70411
70412
70413
70414
70415
70416
70417
70418
70419
70420
70421
.....
70479
70480
70481
70482
70483
70484
70485
70486
70487
70488
70489
70490
70491
70492
70493
70494
70495
70496
70497
70498
70499
70500
70501
70502
70503
70504
70505
70506
70507
70508
70509
70510
70511
.....
70517
70518
70519
70520
70521
70522
70523
70524
70525
70526
70527
70528
70529
70530
70531
70532
70533
70534
70535
70536
70537
70538
70539
70540
70541
70542
70543
70544
70545
70546
70547
70548
70549
70550
70551
70552
70553
70554
70555
.....
70560
70561
70562
70563
70564
70565
70566
70567
70568
70569
70570
70571
70572
70573
70574
70575
70576
70577
70578
70579
70580
70581
70582
70583
70584
.....
70588
70589
70590
70591
70592
70593
70594
70595
70596
70597
70598
70599
70600
70601
70602
70603
70604
70605
70606
70607
70608
70609
70610
70611
70612
70613
70614
70615
70616
70617
70618
70619
70620
70621
70622
70623
70624
70625
70626
.....
70721
70722
70723
70724
70725
70726
70727
70728
70729
70730
70731
70732
70733
70734



70735
70736
70737
70738
70739
70740
70741
70742
70743

70744
70745
70746
70747
70748
70749
70750
70751
70752
70753
70754
70755
70756
70757
70758
70759
.....
70763
70764
70765
70766
70767
70768
70769
70770
70771
70772
70773
70774
70775
70776
70777
70778
70779
70780
.....
70809
70810
70811
70812
70813
70814
70815
70816
70817
70818
70819
70820
70821
70822
70823
.....
70891
70892
70893
70894
70895
70896
70897


70898
70899
70900
70901
70902
70903
70904
70905
70906
70907
70908
70909
70910
70911
70912
70913
70914
70915
70916
70917
70918
70919
70920
70921
70922
70923
70924
70925
70926
70927
70928
70929
70930
70931
70932
70933
70934
70935
70936
70937
70938
70939
70940
70941
70942
70943
70944
70945



70946
70947
70948
70949
70950
70951
70952
.....
71072
71073
71074
71075
71076
71077
71078

71079
71080
71081
71082
71083
71084
71085
.....
71133
71134
71135
71136
71137
71138
71139

71140
71141
71142
71143
71144
71145
71146
.....
71184
71185
71186
71187
71188
71189
71190
71191
71192
71193
71194
71195
71196
71197
71198
.....
71222
71223
71224
71225
71226
71227
71228
71229
71230
71231
71232
71233
71234
71235
71236
.....
71384
71385
71386
71387
71388
71389
71390
71391
71392
71393
71394
71395
71396
71397
71398
71399
71400
.....
71443
71444
71445
71446
71447
71448
71449
71450
71451
71452
71453
71454
71455
71456
71457
71458
71459
71460
71461
71462
71463
71464
71465
71466
71467
71468
71469
71470
71471
71472
71473
71474
71475
71476
71477
71478
71479
71480
71481
71482
71483
71484
71485
71486
71487
71488
71489
71490
71491
71492
71493
71494
71495
71496
71497
71498
71499
71500
71501
71502
71503
71504
71505
71506
71507
71508
71509
71510
71511
71512
71513
.....
71521
71522
71523
71524
71525
71526
71527
71528
71529
71530
71531
71532
71533
71534
71535
71536
71537
71538
71539
71540
71541
71542
71543
71544
71545
71546
71547
71548
.....
71558
71559
71560
71561
71562
71563
71564
71565
71566
71567
71568
71569
71570
71571
71572
71573
71574
71575
71576
71577
71578
71579
.....
71627
71628
71629
71630
71631
71632
71633
71634
71635
71636
71637
71638
71639
71640
71641
.....
71681
71682
71683
71684
71685
71686
71687
71688
71689
71690
71691
71692
71693
71694
71695
71696
71697



71698
71699
71700
71701
71702
71703
71704
71705
71706
71707
71708
71709
71710
71711
71712
71713
71714
71715
71716
71717
71718
71719


71720
71721
71722
71723
71724
71725
71726
71727
71728
71729
71730
71731
71732
71733
71734
71735
71736
71737
71738
.....
71739
71740
71741
71742
71743
71744
71745
71746
71747
71748
71749

71750
71751
71752
71753
71754
71755
71756
71757
71758
71759
71760
71761
71762
71763
71764
71765
71766
71767
71768
71769
71770
71771
71772
71773
71774
.....
71853
71854
71855
71856
71857
71858
71859

71860
71861
71862
71863
71864
71865
71866
.....
72121
72122
72123
72124
72125
72126
72127
72128
72129
72130
72131
72132
72133
72134
72135
72136
72137
72138
72139
.....
72177
72178
72179
72180
72181
72182
72183
72184
72185
72186
72187
72188
72189
72190
72191
.....
72192
72193
72194
72195
72196
72197
72198
72199
72200
72201
72202
72203
72204
72205
72206
72207
72208
72209
72210
72211
72212
72213
72214
72215
72216
72217
72218
72219
.....
72283
72284
72285
72286
72287
72288
72289
72290
72291
72292
72293
72294
72295
72296
72297
.....
72370
72371
72372
72373
72374
72375
72376
72377
72378
72379
72380
72381
72382
72383
72384
72385
72386
72387
.....
72422
72423
72424
72425
72426
72427
72428
72429
72430
72431
72432
72433
72434
72435
72436
.....
72440
72441
72442
72443
72444
72445
72446
72447
72448
72449
72450
72451
72452
72453
72454
.....
72460
72461
72462
72463
72464
72465
72466
72467
72468
72469
72470
72471
72472
72473
72474
.....
72495
72496
72497
72498
72499
72500
72501

72502
72503
72504
72505
72506
72507
72508
.....
72597
72598
72599
72600
72601
72602
72603
72604
72605
72606
72607
72608
72609
72610
72611
.....
72731
72732
72733
72734
72735
72736
72737
72738
72739
72740
72741
72742
72743
72744
72745
.....
72928
72929
72930
72931
72932
72933
72934

72935
72936
72937
72938
72939
72940
72941
72942
72943
72944
72945
72946
72947
72948
72949
72950
72951
.....
73042
73043
73044
73045
73046
73047
73048
73049
73050
73051
73052
73053
73054
73055
73056
.....
73083
73084
73085
73086
73087
73088
73089
73090
73091
73092
73093
73094
73095
73096
73097
.....
73106
73107
73108
73109
73110
73111
73112
73113
73114
73115
73116
73117
73118
73119
73120
73121
73122
.....
73134
73135
73136
73137
73138
73139
73140

73141
73142
73143
73144
73145
73146
73147
.....
73196
73197
73198
73199
73200
73201
73202

73203
73204
73205
73206
73207
73208
73209
73210
73211
73212
73213
73214

73215
73216
73217
73218
73219
73220
73221
73222
73223
73224
73225
73226
73227
73228
73229
.....
73241
73242
73243
73244
73245
73246
73247
73248
73249
73250

73251
73252
73253
73254
73255
73256
73257
.....
73275
73276
73277
73278
73279
73280
73281




73282
73283
73284
73285
73286
73287
73288
.....
73500
73501
73502
73503
73504
73505
73506
73507
73508
73509

73510

73511
73512
73513

73514
73515
73516
73517
73518
73519
73520
73521
73522
73523
73524
73525
73526
73527
.....
73626
73627
73628
73629
73630
73631
73632
73633
73634
73635
73636
73637
73638





73639
73640
73641
73642
73643
73644
73645
73646
73647
73648
73649
73650
73651
73652
73653
73654
73655
73656
73657
73658
73659
73660
73661
73662
73663
73664
73665
73666
73667
73668
73669
73670
73671
73672
73673
73674
.....
74245
74246
74247
74248
74249
74250
74251
74252
74253
74254
74255
74256
74257
74258
74259
74260
74261
74262
.....
75885
75886
75887
75888
75889
75890
75891
75892
75893
75894
75895
75896
75897
75898
75899
75900
.....
75930
75931
75932
75933
75934
75935
75936
75937
75938
75939
75940
75941
75942
75943
75944
75945
.....
78062
78063
78064
78065
78066
78067
78068

78069
78070
78071
78072
78073
78074
78075
78076
78077
78078
78079
.....
78371
78372
78373
78374
78375
78376
78377


















78378
78379
78380
78381
78382
78383
78384
.....
78567
78568
78569
78570
78571
78572
78573
78574
78575
78576
78577
78578
78579
78580
78581
78582
78583
78584


78585
78586
78587
78588
78589
78590
78591
78592
78593
.....
78604
78605
78606
78607
78608
78609
78610
78611
78612
78613
78614
78615
78616
78617

78618
78619
78620
78621
78622
78623
78624
78625
78626
78627
78628
78629
.....
78704
78705
78706
78707
78708
78709
78710
78711
78712
78713
78714
78715
78716
78717
78718
.....
78745
78746
78747
78748
78749
78750
78751

78752
78753
78754
78755
78756
78757
78758
.....
78820
78821
78822
78823
78824
78825
78826
78827
78828
78829
78830
78831
78832
78833
78834
.....
78944
78945
78946
78947
78948
78949
78950
78951
78952
78953
78954
78955
78956
78957
78958
78959
78960
78961
78962
78963
78964
78965
78966
78967
78968
78969
78970
78971
78972
.....
78979
78980
78981
78982
78983
78984
78985
78986
78987
78988
78989
78990
78991
78992
78993
78994
78995
78996
78997
78998
78999
79000
79001
79002
79003
79004
79005
79006
79007
79008
79009
79010
79011

79012
79013




79014
79015
79016
79017
79018
79019
79020
79021
79022
.....
79529
79530
79531
79532
79533
79534
79535












79536
79537
79538
79539
79540
79541
79542
79543
79544
79545
79546
79547
79548
79549
79550
79551
79552
79553
79554
79555
79556
79557
79558
79559
79560
79561
79562
79563
79564
79565
79566
79567
.....
79570
79571
79572
79573
79574
79575
79576
79577
79578
79579
79580
79581
79582
79583
79584
79585
79586
79587











79588
79589
79590
79591
79592
79593
79594
.....
79612
79613
79614
79615
79616
79617
79618
79619
79620


79621
79622
79623
79624
79625
79626
79627
79628
79629
79630
79631


79632
79633
79634
79635
79636
79637
79638
79639
79640
79641
79642
79643
79644
.....
79682
79683
79684
79685
79686
79687
79688
79689
79690
79691
79692
79693
79694
79695
79696
.....
79820
79821
79822
79823
79824
79825
79826
79827
79828
79829
79830
79831
79832
79833
79834
79835
79836
79837
79838
79839
79840
79841
.....
79994
79995
79996
79997
79998
79999
80000
80001
80002
80003
80004
80005
80006
80007
80008
.....
80082
80083
80084
80085
80086
80087
80088
80089
80090
80091
80092
80093
80094
80095
80096
80097
80098
80099
80100
80101

80102
80103
80104
80105
80106
80107
80108
80109
80110
80111
80112
80113
80114
80115
80116
80117
80118
80119
80120
80121
80122
.....
80123
80124
80125
80126
80127
80128
80129
80130
80131
80132

80133
80134







80135

80136
80137
80138
80139


80140
80141
80142
80143
80144
80145
80146
.....
80567
80568
80569
80570
80571
80572
80573












80574
80575
80576
80577
80578
80579
80580
80581
80582
80583
80584
80585
80586
80587
80588
80589
80590
80591
80592
80593
80594
80595
80596
80597
80598
80599
80600
80601
80602
80603
80604
80605
80606
80607


80608
80609
80610
80611
80612
80613
80614
80615
80616
80617
80618
.....
80631
80632
80633
80634
80635
80636
80637
80638
80639
80640
80641
80642
80643
80644
80645
.....
80723
80724
80725
80726
80727
80728
80729






80730
80731
80732
80733
80734
80735
80736
80737
80738
80739
80740
80741
80742
80743
80744
80745
80746
80747
80748
80749
80750
80751
80752
80753
80754
80755
80756
80757
80758
80759
80760
80761


80762
80763
80764
80765
80766
80767
80768
80769
80770
80771
80772
.....
80787
80788
80789
80790
80791
80792
80793
80794
80795
80796
80797
80798
80799
80800
80801
.....
81334
81335
81336
81337
81338
81339
81340
81341
81342
81343
81344
81345
81346
81347
81348
81349
.....
81387
81388
81389
81390
81391
81392
81393
81394
81395
81396
81397
81398
81399
81400
81401
.....
81473
81474
81475
81476
81477
81478
81479
81480
81481
81482
81483
81484
81485
81486
81487
81488
.....
81726
81727
81728
81729
81730
81731
81732
81733
81734
81735
81736
81737
81738
81739
81740
.....
81862
81863
81864
81865
81866
81867
81868
81869
81870
81871
81872
81873
81874
81875
81876
.....
83163
83164
83165
83166
83167
83168
83169
83170
83171
83172
83173
83174
83175
83176
83177
.....
83185
83186
83187
83188
83189
83190
83191
83192
83193
83194
83195
83196
83197
83198
83199
.....
83232
83233
83234
83235
83236
83237
83238
83239
83240
83241
83242
83243
83244
83245
83246
.....
83259
83260
83261
83262
83263
83264
83265
83266
83267
83268
83269
83270
83271
83272
83273
83274
83275
83276
83277
83278
83279
83280
83281
83282
83283
83284
83285
83286
83287
83288
83289
.....
83295
83296
83297
83298
83299
83300
83301
83302
83303
83304
83305
83306
83307
83308
83309
.....
84833
84834
84835
84836
84837
84838
84839
84840
84841
84842
84843
84844
84845
84846
84847
84848
84849
84850
84851
84852
84853

84854
84855
84856
84857
84858
84859
84860
84861
84862
.....
84869
84870
84871
84872
84873
84874
84875

84876
84877

84878
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
84887
84888
84889
84890
84891
84892
.....
84901
84902
84903
84904
84905
84906
84907

84908
84909
84910
84911
84912
84913
84914
.....
85632
85633
85634
85635
85636
85637
85638
85639
85640
85641
85642
85643
85644
85645
85646
.....
87359
87360
87361
87362
87363
87364
87365
87366
87367
87368
87369
87370
87371
87372
87373
87374
87375
87376
87377
87378
87379
87380
87381
87382
87383
87384
87385
87386
87387
87388
87389
87390
87391
87392
87393
87394
87395
87396
87397
87398
87399
87400
87401
87402
.....
88157
88158
88159
88160
88161
88162
88163
88164
88165
88166
88167
88168
88169
88170
88171
88172
88173
88174
88175
88176
88177
88178
88179
88180
88181
88182
88183
88184
88185
88186
88187
88188
88189
88190
88191
.....
88509
88510
88511
88512
88513
88514
88515
88516
88517
88518












88519




88520
88521
88522
















88523
88524
88525
88526
88527
88528
88529
88530
88531
88532
88533
88534
88535

88536
88537
88538
88539
88540
88541
88542
.....
89499
89500
89501
89502
89503
89504
89505

89506
89507

89508
89509
89510
89511
89512
89513
89514

89515


89516
89517
89518
89519
89520
89521
89522
.....
89845
89846
89847
89848
89849
89850
89851
89852
89853
89854
89855
89856
89857
89858
89859
.....
89883
89884
89885
89886
89887
89888
89889
89890
89891
89892
89893
89894
89895
89896
89897
89898
89899
89900
89901
89902
89903
89904
89905
.....
89915
89916
89917
89918
89919
89920
89921
89922
89923
89924
89925
89926
89927
89928
89929
.....
90013
90014
90015
90016
90017
90018
90019
90020
90021
90022
90023
90024
90025
90026
90027
90028
90029
90030
90031
.....
90040
90041
90042
90043
90044
90045
90046
90047
90048
90049
90050
90051
90052
90053
90054
90055
.....
90059
90060
90061
90062
90063
90064
90065
90066
90067
90068
90069
90070
90071
90072
90073
90074
.....
92318
92319
92320
92321
92322
92323
92324
92325
92326
92327
92328
92329
92330
92331
92332
92333
92334
92335
92336
.....
92339
92340
92341
92342
92343
92344
92345
92346
92347
92348
92349
92350
92351
92352
92353
92354
92355
92356
92357
92358
92359
92360
92361
92362
92363
92364
92365
.....
92387
92388
92389
92390
92391
92392
92393
92394
92395
92396
92397
92398
92399
92400
92401
92402
92403
92404
92405
92406
92407
92408
92409
.....
92533
92534
92535
92536
92537
92538
92539
92540
92541
92542
92543
92544
92545
92546
92547
.....
92696
92697
92698
92699
92700
92701
92702
92703
92704
92705
92706
92707
92708
92709
92710
.....
92714
92715
92716
92717
92718
92719
92720
92721
92722
92723
92724
92725
92726
92727
92728
.....
92874
92875
92876
92877
92878
92879
92880
92881
92882
92883
92884
92885
92886
92887
92888
.....
93441
93442
93443
93444
93445
93446
93447
93448
93449
93450
93451
93452
93453
93454
93455
93456
93457


93458
93459
93460
93461
93462
93463
93464
93465
93466
93467
93468






93469
93470

93471

93472
93473
93474
93475
93476
93477
93478
93479
93480
93481
93482

93483
93484
93485
93486
93487
93488
93489
93490
93491
93492

93493
93494
93495
93496
93497
93498
93499
93500
93501
93502
93503
93504
93505
93506
93507
93508
93509
93510
93511
93512
93513
93514
93515
93516
93517
93518
.....
93605
93606
93607
93608
93609
93610
93611
93612
93613
93614
93615
93616
93617
93618
93619
93620
93621
93622
93623
93624
93625
93626
.....
93647
93648
93649
93650
93651
93652
93653
93654
93655
93656
93657
93658
93659
93660
93661





93662



93663

93664
93665
93666
93667
93668
93669
93670
.....
93672
93673
93674
93675
93676
93677
93678



























































































93679
93680
93681
93682
93683
93684
93685
.....
93736
93737
93738
93739
93740
93741
93742

93743
93744
93745
93746
93747
93748
93749
93750


93751
93752
93753

93754
93755
93756
93757
93758
93759
93760
93761
93762
93763

93764
93765
93766
93767
93768
93769
93770
93771

93772

93773
93774

93775
93776
93777
93778
93779
93780
93781
.....
93797
93798
93799
93800
93801
93802
93803

93804
93805
93806

93807
93808
93809
93810
93811
93812
93813
93814
93815
93816
93817
93818
93819
93820
93821
93822

93823
93824
93825
93826
93827
93828
93829
.....
93917
93918
93919
93920
93921
93922
93923
93924
93925
93926
93927
93928
93929
93930
93931
93932
93933
93934
93935
93936
93937
93938
93939
93940
93941
93942
93943
93944
93945
93946
93947
93948
93949
93950
93951
93952
93953
93954
93955
93956
93957
93958
93959
93960
93961
93962
93963
93964
93965
93966
93967
93968
93969
93970
93971
93972
93973
93974
93975
93976
93977
93978
93979
93980
93981
93982
93983
93984
93985

93986
93987
93988
93989
93990
93991
93992
93993
93994
93995
93996
93997
93998
93999

94000
94001
94002
94003
94004
94005
94006
94007
94008
94009
94010
94011
94012
94013
94014
94015
94016
94017
94018
94019
94020

94021
94022
94023
94024
94025
94026
94027

94028
94029
94030
94031
94032
94033

94034
94035
94036
94037
94038
94039
94040
94041
94042
94043
94044
94045
.....
94051
94052
94053
94054
94055
94056
94057
94058
94059
94060
94061
94062
94063
94064
94065
94066
94067
94068
94069
94070
94071
94072
.....
94078
94079
94080
94081
94082
94083
94084














































94085
94086
94087
94088
94089
94090
94091
.....
94105
94106
94107
94108
94109
94110
94111
94112
94113
94114
94115
94116
94117
94118
94119
94120
94121
94122
94123
94124

94125
94126
94127
94128
94129
94130
94131
94132











94133
94134
94135
94136
94137
94138
94139
.....
94149
94150
94151
94152
94153
94154
94155
94156
94157
94158
94159
94160
94161
94162
94163
94164
94165
94166
.....
94186
94187
94188
94189
94190
94191
94192

94193
94194
94195
94196
94197
94198
94199
94200
.....
94208
94209
94210
94211
94212
94213
94214
94215
94216
94217
94218
94219
94220
94221
94222
.....
94227
94228
94229
94230
94231
94232
94233
94234
94235
94236
94237
94238
94239
94240
94241
94242
94243
94244
94245
94246
94247
94248
.....
94254
94255
94256
94257
94258
94259
94260
94261
94262
94263
94264
94265
94266
94267
94268
94269
94270
.....
94273
94274
94275
94276
94277
94278
94279
94280
94281
94282
94283
94284
94285
94286
94287
94288
94289
94290
94291
94292
94293
.....
94325
94326
94327
94328
94329
94330
94331
94332
94333
94334
94335
94336
94337
94338
94339
.....
94492
94493
94494
94495
94496
94497
94498
94499
94500
94501
94502
94503
94504
94505
94506
.....
94547
94548
94549
94550
94551
94552
94553
94554
94555
94556
94557
94558
94559
94560
94561
94562
94563
94564
94565
94566
94567
94568
94569
94570
94571
.....
94609
94610
94611
94612
94613
94614
94615
94616
94617
94618
94619
94620
94621
94622
94623
94624
.....
94630
94631
94632
94633
94634
94635
94636
94637
94638
94639
94640
94641
94642
94643
94644
.....
94709
94710
94711
94712
94713
94714
94715
94716
94717
94718
94719
94720
94721
94722
94723
94724
94725
94726
.....
94743
94744
94745
94746
94747
94748
94749

94750
94751
94752
94753
94754
94755
94756
.....
94770
94771
94772
94773
94774
94775
94776
94777
94778
94779
94780
94781
94782
94783
94784
94785
94786
94787
94788
94789
94790
94791
94792
94793
94794
94795
94796
.....
94818
94819
94820
94821
94822
94823
94824
94825
94826
94827
94828
94829
94830
94831
94832
94833
94834
.....
94892
94893
94894
94895
94896
94897
94898
94899
94900
94901
94902
94903
94904
94905
94906
94907
94908
94909
94910
94911
94912
94913
94914
94915
94916
.....
94917
94918
94919
94920
94921
94922
94923
94924
94925
94926
94927
94928
94929
94930
94931
.....
95286
95287
95288
95289
95290
95291
95292
95293
95294
95295
95296
95297
95298
95299
95300
95301
95302
95303
95304
95305
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
95312
95313
95314
95315
95316
95317
95318
95319
95320
95321
95322
95323
95324
.....
95329
95330
95331
95332
95333
95334
95335
95336
95337
95338
95339
95340
95341
95342
95343
95344
95345
95346
95347
95348
95349
95350
95351
.....
97571
97572
97573
97574
97575
97576
97577
97578
97579
97580
97581
97582
97583
97584
97585
.....
97589
97590
97591
97592
97593
97594
97595
97596
97597
97598
97599
97600
97601
97602
97603
.....
97834
97835
97836
97837
97838
97839
97840
97841
97842
97843
97844
97845
97846
97847
97848
97849
97850
97851
97852
97853
97854
97855
97856
97857
97858
.....
97870
97871
97872
97873
97874
97875
97876
97877
97878
97879
97880
97881
97882
97883
97884
97885
97886
97887
.....
98444
98445
98446
98447
98448
98449
98450
98451
98452
98453
98454
98455
98456
98457
98458
.....
98460
98461
98462
98463
98464
98465
98466
98467
98468
98469
98470
98471
98472
98473
98474
98475
98476
98477
98478
98479
98480
98481
98482
98483

98484
98485
98486
98487
98488
98489
98490
98491
98492
98493
98494
98495
98496
98497
98498
98499
98500
98501
98502
98503
98504
.....
98537
98538
98539
98540
98541
98542
98543
98544
98545
98546
98547
98548
98549
98550
98551
.....
98586
98587
98588
98589
98590
98591
98592
98593
98594
98595
98596
98597
98598
98599
98600
.....
98618
98619
98620
98621
98622
98623
98624
98625
98626
98627
98628
98629
98630
98631
98632
.....
98640
98641
98642
98643
98644
98645
98646
98647
98648
98649
98650
98651
98652
98653
98654
98655
98656
98657
98658
98659
98660
98661
98662
98663
98664
98665
98666
98667
98668
98669
98670
98671
98672
98673
98674
98675
98676
98677
98678
98679
98680
98681
98682
98683
98684
98685
98686
98687
98688
98689
98690
98691
98692
98693
98694
98695
98696
98697
98698
98699
98700
98701
98702
98703
98704
98705
98706
98707
98708
98709
98710
98711
98712
.....
98836
98837
98838
98839
98840
98841
98842
98843
98844
98845
98846
98847
98848
98849
98850
98851
98852
98853
98854
98855
98856
98857
98858
98859
98860
98861
98862
......
100054
100055
100056
100057
100058
100059
100060
100061
100062
100063
100064
100065
100066
100067
100068
100069
100070
100071
100072
100073
100074
100075
......
100401
100402
100403
100404
100405
100406
100407
100408
100409
100410
100411
100412
100413
100414
100415
......
100422
100423
100424
100425
100426
100427
100428
100429
100430
100431
100432
100433
100434
100435
100436
......
100450
100451
100452
100453
100454
100455
100456
100457
100458
100459
100460
100461
100462
100463
100464
......
100531
100532
100533
100534
100535
100536
100537
100538
100539
100540
100541
100542
100543
100544
100545
100546
100547
100548


100549
100550
100551
100552
100553
100554
100555
100556
100557
100558
100559
100560
100561
100562
100563
100564
100565
100566
100567
100568
100569
......
100590
100591
100592
100593
100594
100595
100596
100597
100598
100599
100600
100601
100602
100603
100604
100605
100606
100607
100608
......
100660
100661
100662
100663
100664
100665
100666
100667
100668
100669
100670
100671
100672
100673
100674
......
100727
100728
100729
100730
100731
100732
100733




100734
100735
100736
100737
100738
100739
100740
100741
100742
......
100764
100765
100766
100767
100768
100769
100770

100771
100772
100773
100774

100775
100776
100777
100778
100779
100780
100781
100782
100783
100784
100785
100786
100787
......
100812
100813
100814
100815
100816
100817
100818
100819
100820
100821
100822
100823
100824
100825
100826
......
101031
101032
101033
101034
101035
101036
101037
101038
101039
101040
101041
101042
101043
101044
101045
101046
101047
101048
101049
101050
101051
......
101095
101096
101097
101098
101099
101100
101101
101102
101103
101104
101105
101106
101107
101108
101109
101110
101111
......
101468
101469
101470
101471
101472
101473
101474
101475
101476
101477
101478
101479
101480
101481
101482
......
101581
101582
101583
101584
101585
101586
101587


101588
101589
101590
101591
101592
101593

101594
101595
101596
101597
101598
101599
101600
101601
......
101645
101646
101647
101648
101649
101650
101651
101652
101653
101654
101655
101656
101657
101658
101659
101660
101661
101662
101663
101664
101665
101666
101667
101668
101669
101670
101671
101672
101673
101674
......
101843
101844
101845
101846
101847
101848
101849
101850
101851
101852
101853
101854
101855
101856
101857
101858
101859
101860
101861
101862
101863
......
101865
101866
101867
101868
101869
101870
101871
101872
101873
101874
101875
101876
101877
101878
101879
101880
101881
101882
......
101953
101954
101955
101956
101957
101958
101959


101960
101961
101962
101963
101964
101965
101966
......
102028
102029
102030
102031
102032
102033
102034
102035
102036
102037
102038
102039
102040
102041
102042
......
102060
102061
102062
102063
102064
102065
102066
102067
102068
102069
102070


102071
102072
102073
102074
102075
102076
102077
102078
102079
102080
102081
102082
102083
102084
102085
102086
102087
102088
102089
102090
......
102135
102136
102137
102138
102139
102140
102141
102142
102143
102144
102145
102146
102147
102148
102149
102150
102151
102152
102153
102154
......
102165
102166
102167
102168
102169
102170
102171
102172
102173
102174
102175
102176
102177
102178
102179
......
102210
102211
102212
102213
102214
102215
102216
102217
102218
102219
102220
102221
102222
102223
102224
102225
102226
102227
102228
102229
102230
102231
102232
......
102244
102245
102246
102247
102248
102249
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
102255
102256
102257
102258
......
102325
102326
102327
102328
102329
102330
102331
102332
102333
102334
102335
102336
102337
102338
102339
102340
102341
102342
......
102429
102430
102431
102432
102433
102434
102435
102436
102437
102438
102439
102440
102441
102442
102443
......
102537
102538
102539
102540
102541
102542
102543

102544

102545
102546
102547
102548
102549
102550
102551
102552
102553
102554
102555
102556
102557
102558
102559
......
102660
102661
102662
102663
102664
102665
102666
102667
102668
102669
102670
102671
102672
102673
102674
......
102683
102684
102685
102686
102687
102688
102689

102690

102691
102692
102693
102694







102695
102696
102697
102698
102699
102700
102701
102702
102703
102704
102705
102706

102707
102708
102709
102710
102711
102712
102713
102714
102715
102716
102717
102718
102719
102720
102721

102722

102723
102724
102725
102726
102727
102728
102729
......
102739
102740
102741
102742
102743
102744
102745
102746
102747
102748
102749
102750
102751
102752
102753
102754
102755
102756
102757
102758
102759
102760
102761
102762
102763
102764

102765
102766
102767
102768
102769
102770
102771
102772
102773

102774
102775
102776
102777
102778
102779
102780
102781
102782
102783
102784
102785
102786

102787
102788
102789
102790
102791
102792
102793
102794
102795
102796
102797

102798
102799
102800
102801
102802
102803
102804
102805




102806
102807
102808
102809
102810
102811
102812
102813
102814
102815
102816
102817
102818
102819
102820
102821
......
102827
102828
102829
102830
102831
102832
102833
102834
102835
102836
102837
102838
102839
102840
102841
......
103093
103094
103095
103096
103097
103098
103099
103100
103101
103102
103103
103104
103105
103106
103107
......
103244
103245
103246
103247
103248
103249
103250

103251
103252
103253
103254
103255
103256

103257
103258
103259
103260
103261
103262
103263
103264
103265
......
103590
103591
103592
103593
103594
103595
103596
103597
103598
103599
103600
103601
103602
103603
103604
103605
103606
103607
......
103781
103782
103783
103784
103785
103786
103787
103788
103789
103790
103791
103792
103793
103794
103795
103796
103797
103798
......
103834
103835
103836
103837
103838
103839
103840
103841
103842
103843
103844
103845
103846
103847
103848
......
104347
104348
104349
104350
104351
104352
104353
104354
104355
104356
104357
104358
104359
104360
104361
......
104506
104507
104508
104509
104510
104511
104512
104513
104514
104515
104516
104517
104518
104519

104520













104521
104522
104523


104524
104525
104526
104527
104528
104529


104530

104531
104532
104533
104534
104535
104536
104537
......
104539
104540
104541
104542
104543
104544
104545

104546
104547
104548
104549
104550
104551
104552
104553
104554
104555
104556
104557
104558
104559
104560
......
104578
104579
104580
104581
104582
104583
104584















104585
104586
104587
104588
104589
104590
104591
......
104881
104882
104883
104884
104885
104886
104887
104888
104889
104890
104891
104892
104893
104894
104895
......
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
104913
104914
104915
104916
104917
104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
104924
104925
104926
104927
104928
104929
104930
104931
104932
104933
104934
104935
104936
......
104939
104940
104941
104942
104943
104944
104945
104946
104947
104948
104949
104950
104951
104952
104953
......
104967
104968
104969
104970
104971
104972
104973
104974
104975
104976
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
......
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246




105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
......
106024
106025
106026
106027
106028
106029
106030
106031
106032
106033
106034
106035
106036
106037
106038
......
106039
106040
106041
106042
106043
106044
106045
106046
106047
106048
106049
106050
106051
106052
106053
......
106185
106186
106187
106188
106189
106190
106191









106192
106193
106194
106195
106196
106197
106198
106199
......
106974
106975
106976
106977
106978
106979
106980
106981
106982
106983
106984
106985
106986
106987
106988
......
107018
107019
107020
107021
107022
107023
107024
107025
107026
107027
107028
107029
107030
107031
107032
107033
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
107039
107040
107041
107042
107043
107044
107045
107046
107047
107048
107049
107050
107051
107052
107053
107054
107055
107056
107057
107058
......
107113
107114
107115
107116
107117
107118
107119

107120
107121
107122
107123
107124
107125
107126
107127
107128
107129
107130
107131
107132
107133
107134
107135
107136
107137
107138
107139
107140
107141
107142
......
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
107173
107174
107175
107176
107177
107178
......
107208
107209
107210
107211
107212
107213
107214
107215
107216
107217
107218
107219
107220
107221
107222
......
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
107349
107350
107351
107352
107353
107354
107355
107356
107357
107358
107359
107360
107361
......
108919
108920
108921
108922
108923
108924
108925
108926
108927
108928
108929
108930
108931
108932
108933
......
109306
109307
109308
109309
109310
109311
109312
109313
109314
109315
109316
109317
109318
109319
109320
......
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
110898
110899
110900
110901
110902
110903
110904
110905
110906
110907
......
111000
111001
111002
111003
111004
111005
111006
111007
111008
111009
111010
111011
111012
111013
111014
111015
111016
111017
111018
111019
......
111205
111206
111207
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216
111217
111218
111219
......
111220
111221
111222
111223
111224
111225
111226
111227
111228
111229
111230
111231
111232
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240
111241
111242
111243
......
111681
111682
111683
111684
111685
111686
111687
111688
111689
111690
111691
111692
111693
111694
111695
111696
......
111702
111703
111704
111705
111706
111707
111708
111709
111710
111711
111712
111713
111714
111715
111716
......
111797
111798
111799
111800
111801
111802
111803
111804
111805
111806
111807
111808
111809
111810
111811
111812
111813
111814
111815
111816
111817
111818
......
111837
111838
111839
111840
111841
111842
111843
111844
111845
111846
111847
111848
111849
111850
111851
111852
111853
111854
......
112086
112087
112088
112089
112090
112091
112092
112093
112094
112095
112096

112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
......
112121
112122
112123
112124
112125
112126
112127
112128
112129
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
......
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151

112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165
112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
......
112190
112191
112192
112193
112194
112195
112196
112197
112198
112199
112200
112201
112202
112203
112204
112205
112206
112207
112208
112209
112210
112211
112212
112213
112214
112215
112216
112217
112218
112219
112220
112221
112222
112223
112224
112225
112226
112227
112228
112229
112230
112231
......
112241
112242
112243
112244
112245
112246
112247
112248
112249
112250
112251
112252
112253
112254
112255
112256
112257
112258
112259
112260
112261
112262
......
112288
112289
112290
112291
112292
112293
112294
112295
112296
112297
112298
112299
112300
112301
112302
112303
112304
112305
112306

112307

112308
112309
112310
112311
112312
112313
112314
112315
112316
112317
112318
112319
112320
112321
112322
112323
112324
112325
112326
112327
112328
......
112333
112334
112335
112336
112337
112338
112339
112340
112341
112342
112343
112344
112345
112346
112347
......
112348
112349
112350
112351
112352
112353
112354
112355
112356
112357
112358
112359
112360
112361
112362
112363
112364
112365
112366
112367
112368
......
112374
112375
112376
112377
112378
112379
112380
112381
112382
112383
112384
112385
112386
112387
112388
......
112390
112391
112392
112393
112394
112395
112396
112397
112398
112399
112400
112401
112402
112403
112404
112405
112406
112407
112408
......
112409
112410
112411
112412
112413
112414
112415
112416
112417
112418
112419
112420
112421
112422
112423
112424
112425
112426
112427
112428
112429
112430
112431
112432

112433
112434
112435
112436
112437
112438
112439
112440
112441
112442
112443
112444
112445
112446
112447
112448
112449
112450
112451
112452
112453
112454
112455
112456
112457
112458
112459
112460
112461
112462
112463
112464
112465
112466
112467
112468
112469
112470
112471


112472
112473
112474


















112475
112476
112477
112478
112479
112480
112481
112482
112483
112484
112485
112486
112487
112488
112489
112490
112491
112492
112493
112494
112495
112496
112497
112498
112499
112500
112501
112502
112503
112504
112505
112506
112507
112508
112509
112510
112511
112512
112513
112514
112515
......
112632
112633
112634
112635
112636
112637
112638
112639
112640
112641
112642
112643
112644
112645
112646
112647
112648
......
112670
112671
112672
112673
112674
112675
112676
112677
112678
112679
112680
112681
112682
112683
112684
......
112739
112740
112741
112742
112743
112744
112745
112746
112747
112748
112749
112750
112751
112752
112753
112754
......
112822
112823
112824
112825
112826
112827
112828

112829
112830
112831
112832
112833
112834
112835
......
113308
113309
113310
113311
113312
113313
113314


113315

113316
113317
113318
113319
113320
113321
113322
113323
113324
113325
113326
113327
113328
......
114193
114194
114195
114196
114197
114198
114199
114200
114201
114202
114203
114204
114205
114206
114207
114208
114209
114210
114211
114212
......
114760
114761
114762
114763
114764
114765
114766

114767
114768
114769
114770
114771
114772
114773
......
114821
114822
114823
114824
114825
114826
114827
















114828
114829
114830
114831
114832
114833
114834
......
115032
115033
115034
115035
115036
115037
115038
115039
115040
115041
115042
115043
115044
115045
115046
......
115094
115095
115096
115097
115098
115099
115100
115101
115102
115103
115104
115105
115106
115107
115108
115109
115110
115111
115112
115113
115114
115115
115116
115117
115118
115119
115120
115121
115122
115123
115124
115125
115126
115127
115128
115129
115130
115131
115132
115133
115134
115135
115136
115137
......
115150
115151
115152
115153
115154
115155
115156
115157
115158
115159
115160
115161
115162
115163
115164
115165
115166
115167
115168
115169
115170
115171
115172
115173
115174
115175
115176
115177
115178
115179
115180
115181
115182
115183
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188
115189
115190
115191
115192
115193
115194
......
115220
115221
115222
115223
115224
115225
115226



115227
115228
115229
115230
115231
115232
115233
......
117633
117634
117635
117636
117637
117638
117639
117640
117641
117642
117643
117644
117645
117646
117647
117648
117649
117650
117651
117652
117653
117654
117655
117656
117657
117658
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675
117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
117683
117684
117685
117686
117687
117688
117689
117690
......
123244
123245
123246
123247
123248
123249
123250
123251
123252
123253
123254
123255
123256
123257
123258
123259
123260
123261
123262
123263
123264
123265
123266
123267
123268
123269
123270
123271
123272
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.4.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** The previous paragraph was written in 2005.  (This paragraph is written
** on 2008-11-28.) These days, all Linux kernels support large files, so
** you should probably leave LFS enabled.  But some embedded platforms might
** lack LFS in which case the SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS macro might still be useful.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/* The public SQLite interface.  The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
** first in QNX.
*/
/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.4"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008004
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-03-05 19:04:46 0723effc9ccae7c660fb847b36ce9324e0cb5042"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    21

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/












































/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);



SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
................................................................................
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
  } p4;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  char *zComment;          /* Comment to improve readability */
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u32 cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
  u64 cycles;              /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  int iSrcLine;            /* Source-code line that generated this opcode */
#endif
};
typedef struct VdbeOp VdbeOp;


/*
** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
*/
................................................................................
#define OP_Vacuum         13
#define OP_VFilter        14 /* synopsis: iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'           */
#define OP_VUpdate        15 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]                    */
#define OP_Goto           16
#define OP_Gosub          17
#define OP_Return         18
#define OP_Not            19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]    */
#define OP_InitCoroutine  20
#define OP_EndCoroutine   21
#define OP_Yield          22

#define OP_HaltIfNull     23 /* synopsis: if r[P3]=null halt               */
#define OP_Halt           24
#define OP_Integer        25 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1                         */
#define OP_Int64          26 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4                         */
#define OP_String         27 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)              */
#define OP_Null           28 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL                   */
#define OP_SoftNull       29 /* synopsis: r[P1]=NULL                       */
#define OP_Blob           30 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)                */
#define OP_Variable       31 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)           */
#define OP_Move           32 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]                */
#define OP_Copy           33 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]            */
#define OP_SCopy          34 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
#define OP_ResultRow      35 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2]                  */
#define OP_CollSeq        36
#define OP_AddImm         37 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2                   */
#define OP_MustBeInt      38
#define OP_RealAffinity   39
#define OP_Permutation    40
#define OP_Compare        41
#define OP_Jump           42
#define OP_Once           43
#define OP_If             44
#define OP_IfNot          45
#define OP_Column         46 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX                         */
#define OP_Affinity       47 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])               */
#define OP_MakeRecord     48 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])            */
#define OP_Count          49 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count()                    */
#define OP_ReadCookie     50
#define OP_SetCookie      51

#define OP_OpenRead       52 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenWrite      53 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  54 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  55 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     56

#define OP_OpenPseudo     57 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          58


#define OP_SeekLT         59
#define OP_SeekLE         60
#define OP_SeekGE         61
#define OP_SeekGT         62
#define OP_Seek           63 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      67 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       68 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NewRowid       69 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert         70 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */


#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
#define OP_InsertInt      73 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete         74
#define OP_ResetCount     75


#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterCompare  84 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_SorterData     95 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */
#define OP_RowKey         98 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData        99 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       101
#define OP_Last          102
#define OP_SorterSort    103
#define OP_Sort          104
#define OP_Rewind        105
#define OP_SorterInsert  106
#define OP_IdxInsert     107 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     108 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      109 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         110 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         111 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         112 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       114
#define OP_Clear         115
#define OP_CreateIndex   116 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   117 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   118
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  119
#define OP_DropTable     120
#define OP_DropIndex     121
#define OP_DropTrigger   122
#define OP_IntegrityCk   123
#define OP_RowSetAdd     124 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    125 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    126 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       127
#define OP_Param         128
#define OP_FkCounter     129 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      130 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        131 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         132 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_IfNeg         134 /* synopsis: if r[P1]<0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfZero        135 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2   */
#define OP_AggFinal      136 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    137

#define OP_Expire        138
#define OP_TableLock     139 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        140
#define OP_VCreate       141
#define OP_VDestroy      142




#define OP_ToText        143 /* same as TK_TO_TEXT                         */
#define OP_ToBlob        144 /* same as TK_TO_BLOB                         */
#define OP_ToNumeric     145 /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC                      */
#define OP_ToInt         146 /* same as TK_TO_INT                          */
#define OP_ToReal        147 /* same as TK_TO_REAL                         */
#define OP_VOpen         148
#define OP_VColumn       149 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         150
#define OP_VRename       151
#define OP_Pagecount     152
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      153

#define OP_Init          154 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          155
#define OP_Explain       156


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0008  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0010  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0020  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0040  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x24, 0x01, 0x04, 0x05, 0x10,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04,\
/*  40 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x08,\
/*  64 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x4c,\
/*  72 */ 0x4c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x24, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 104 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 112 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15, 0x01,\
/* 128 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08, 0x05, 0x02, 0x05, 0x05,\
/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,const UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

typedef int (*RecordCompare)(int,const void*,const UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif

/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
................................................................................
# endif
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
# define VdbeModuleComment(X)
#endif

/*
** The VdbeCoverage macros are used to set a coverage testing point
** for VDBE branch instructions.  The coverage testing points are line
** numbers in the sqlite3.c source file.  VDBE branch coverage testing
** only works with an amalagmation build.  That's ok since a VDBE branch
** coverage build designed for testing the test suite only.  No application
** should ever ship with VDBE branch coverage measuring turned on.
**
**    VdbeCoverage(v)                  // Mark the previously coded instruction
**                                     // as a branch
**
**    VdbeCoverageIf(v, conditional)   // Mark previous if conditional true
**
**    VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)       // Previous branch is always taken
**
**    VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)        // Previous branch is never taken
**
** Every VDBE branch operation must be tagged with one of the macros above.
** If not, then when "make test" is run with -DSQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE and
** -DSQLITE_DEBUG then an ALWAYS() will fail in the vdbeTakeBranch()
** routine in vdbe.c, alerting the developer to the missed tag.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(Vdbe*,int);
# define VdbeCoverage(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x) if(x)sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,2);
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,1);
#else
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)
#endif

#endif

/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   1
#endif

/*
** Return true if it OK to factor constant expressions into the initialization
** code. The argument is a Parse object for the code generator.
*/
#define ConstFactorOk(P) ((P)->okConstFactor)


/*
** Possible values for the sqlite.magic field.
** The numbers are obtained at random and have no special meaning, other
** than being distinct from one another.
*/
#define SQLITE_MAGIC_OPEN     0xa029a697  /* Database is open */
................................................................................
** affinity value. 
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_MASK     0x67

/*
** Additional bit values that can be ORed with an affinity without
** changing the affinity.
**
** The SQLITE_NOTNULL flag is a combination of NULLEQ and JUMPIFNULL.
** It causes an assert() to fire if either operand to a comparison
** operator is NULL.  It is added to certain comparison operators to
** prove that the operands are always NOT NULL.
*/
#define SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL   0x08  /* jumps if either operand is NULL */
#define SQLITE_STOREP2      0x10  /* Store result in reg[P2] rather than jump */
#define SQLITE_NULLEQ       0x80  /* NULL=NULL */
#define SQLITE_NOTNULL      0x88  /* Assert that operands are never NULL */

/*
** An object of this type is created for each virtual table present in
** the database schema. 
**
** If the database schema is shared, then there is one instance of this
** structure for each database connection (sqlite3*) that uses the shared
................................................................................
** Records are used to store the content of a table row and to store
** the key of an index.  A blob encoding of a record is created by
** the OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE and is disassembled by the
** OP_Column opcode.
**
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.
**
** The r1 and r2 member variables are only used by the optimized comparison
** functions vdbeRecordCompareInt() and vdbeRecordCompareString().
*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  i8 default_rc;      /* Comparison result if keys are equal */
  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */
  int r1;             /* Value to return if (lhs > rhs) */
  int r2;             /* Value to return if (rhs < lhs) */
};







/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  int nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  u32 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
    int addrFillSub;  /* Address of subroutine to manifest a subquery */
    int regReturn;    /* Register holding return address of addrFillSub */
    int regResult;    /* Registers holding results of a co-routine */
    u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this able and the previous */
    unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
    unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
    unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
    unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
................................................................................
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  Select *pNext;         /* Next select to the left in a compound */

  Expr *pLimit;          /* LIMIT expression. NULL means not used. */
  Expr *pOffset;         /* OFFSET expression. NULL means not used. */
  With *pWith;           /* WITH clause attached to this select. Or NULL. */
};

/*
** Allowed values for Select.selFlags.  The "SF" prefix stands for
................................................................................
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* NOT USED */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_Compound        0x1000  /* Part of a compound query */


/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
................................................................................
  char *zErrMsg;       /* An error message */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;         /* An engine for executing database bytecode */
  int rc;              /* Return code from execution */
  u8 colNamesSet;      /* TRUE after OP_ColumnName has been issued to pVdbe */
  u8 checkSchema;      /* Causes schema cookie check after an error */
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */

  u8 nColCache;        /* Number of entries in aColCache[] */
  u8 iColCache;        /* Next entry in aColCache[] to replace */
  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
  u8 hasCompound;      /* Need to invoke convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
  u8 okConstFactor;    /* OK to factor out constants */
  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors seen */
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int nOpAlloc;        /* Number of slots allocated for Vdbe.aOp[] */


  int iFixedOp;        /* Never back out opcodes iFixedOp-1 or earlier */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */
  int iPartIdxTab;     /* Table corresponding to a partial index */
  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
  int nLabel;          /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;         /* Space to hold the labels */
  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    i16 iColumn;          /* Table column number */
    u8 tempReg;           /* iReg is a temp register that needs to be freed */
    int iLevel;           /* Nesting level */
    int iReg;             /* Reg with value of this column. 0 means none. */
    int lru;              /* Least recently used entry has the smallest value */
  } aColCache[SQLITE_N_COLCACHE];  /* One for each column cache entry */
  ExprList *pConstExpr;/* Constant expressions */
  Token constraintName;/* Name of the constraint currently being parsed */
  yDbMask writeMask;   /* Start a write transaction on these databases */
  yDbMask cookieMask;  /* Bitmask of schema verified databases */

  int cookieValue[SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2];  /* Values of cookies to verify */
  int regRowid;        /* Register holding rowid of CREATE TABLE entry */
  int regRoot;         /* Register holding root page number for new objects */
  int nMaxArg;         /* Max args passed to user function by sub-program */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  int nTableLock;        /* Number of locks in aTableLock */
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
................................................................................
  u32 nQueryLoop;      /* Est number of iterations of a query (10*log2(N)) */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */

  /************************************************************************
  ** Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
  ** each recursion.  The boundary between these two regions is determined
  ** using offsetof(Parse,nVar) so the nVar field must be the first field
  ** in the recursive region.
  ************************************************************************/

  int nVar;                 /* Number of '?' variables seen in the SQL so far */
  int nzVar;                /* Number of available slots in azVar[] */
  u8 iPkSortOrder;          /* ASC or DESC for INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  u8 bFreeWith;             /* True if pWith should be freed with parser */
  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nAlias;               /* Number of aliased result set columns */
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  Token sArg;               /* Complete text of a module argument */
  Table **apVtabLock;       /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  Table *pZombieTab;        /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;  /* Linked list of coded triggers */
  With *pWith;              /* Current WITH clause, or NULL */

};

/*
** Return true if currently inside an sqlite3_declare_vtab() call.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
................................................................................
  void (*xLog)(void*,int,const char*); /* Function for logging */
  void *pLogArg;                       /* First argument to xLog() */
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  void(*xSqllog)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*, int);
  void *pSqllogArg;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  /* The following callback (if not NULL) is invoked on every VDBE branch
  ** operation.  Set the callback using SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE.
  */
  void (*xVdbeBranch)(void*,int iSrcLine,u8 eThis,u8 eMx);  /* Callback */
  void *pVdbeBranchArg;                                     /* 1st argument */
#endif
};

/*
** This macro is used inside of assert() statements to indicate that
** the assert is only valid on a well-formed database.  Instead of:
**
**     assert( X );
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*);
................................................................................
  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80)?(*(A)=(unsigned char)(B)),1:\
  sqlite3PutVarint32((A),(B)))
#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3HexToInt(int h);
................................................................................
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  "OMIT_CTE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif
................................................................................
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */

  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */

  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Mem *pScopyFrom;    /* This Mem is a shallow copy of pScopyFrom */
  void *pFiller;      /* So that sizeof(Mem) is a multiple of 8 */
#endif
  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
................................................................................
** flags may coexist with the MEM_Str flag.
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0x01ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call Mem.xDel() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
................................................................................
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

/*
** Return true if a memory cell is not marked as invalid.  This macro
** is for use inside assert() statements only.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define memIsValid(M)  ((M)->flags & MEM_Undefined)==0
#endif

/*
** Each auxilliary data pointer stored by a user defined function 
** implementation calling sqlite3_set_auxdata() is stored in an instance
** of this structure. All such structures associated with a single VM
** are stored in a linked list headed at Vdbe.pAuxData. All are destroyed
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, Mem*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,const UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeHalt(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(BtCursor*,u32,u32,int,Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p);
#define VdbeMemDynamic(X)  \
  (((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_RowSet|MEM_Frame))!=0)
#define VdbeMemRelease(X)  \
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(X) ) sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(X);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe*,Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(Mem*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif
................................................................................
  mem5.nAlloc++;
  mem5.totalAlloc += iFullSz;
  mem5.totalExcess += iFullSz - nByte;
  mem5.currentCount++;
  mem5.currentOut += iFullSz;
  if( mem5.maxCount<mem5.currentCount ) mem5.maxCount = mem5.currentCount;
  if( mem5.maxOut<mem5.currentOut ) mem5.maxOut = mem5.currentOut;

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Make sure the allocated memory does not assume that it is set to zero
  ** or retains a value from a previous allocation */
  memset(&mem5.zPool[i*mem5.szAtom], 0xAA, iFullSz);
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated memory. */
  return (void*)&mem5.zPool[i*mem5.szAtom];
}

/*
** Free an outstanding memory allocation.
................................................................................
      iBlock = iBuddy;
    }else{
      mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] = CTRL_FREE | iLogsize;
      mem5.aCtrl[iBuddy] = 0;
    }
    size *= 2;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Overwrite freed memory with the 0x55 bit pattern to verify that it is
  ** not used after being freed */
  memset(&mem5.zPool[iBlock*mem5.szAtom], 0x55, size);
#endif

  memsys5Link(iBlock, iLogsize);
}

/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *memsys5Malloc(int nBytes){
................................................................................
  }
  *z = 0;
  assert( (pMem->n+(desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8?1:2))<=len );

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem);
  pMem->enc = desiredEnc;
  pMem->flags |= (MEM_Term);
  pMem->z = (char*)zOut;
  pMem->zMalloc = pMem->z;

translate_out:
#if defined(TRANSLATE_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  {
    char zBuf[100];
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&m, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
    m.z = 0;
  }
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );

  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
................................................................................
  i64 iA = *pA;
  testcase( iA==0 ); testcase( iA==1 );
  testcase( iB==-1 ); testcase( iB==0 );
  if( iB>=0 ){
    testcase( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA == iB );
    testcase( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA == iB - 1 );
    if( iA>0 && LARGEST_INT64 - iA < iB ) return 1;

  }else{
    testcase( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) == iB + 1 );
    testcase( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) == iB + 2 );
    if( iA<0 && -(iA + LARGEST_INT64) > iB + 1 ) return 1;

  }
  *pA += iB;
  return 0; 
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SubInt64(i64 *pA, i64 iB){
  testcase( iB==SMALLEST_INT64+1 );
  if( iB==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
    testcase( (*pA)==(-1) ); testcase( (*pA)==0 );
    if( (*pA)>=0 ) return 1;
................................................................................
  i64 iA = *pA;
  i64 iA1, iA0, iB1, iB0, r;

  iA1 = iA/TWOPOWER32;
  iA0 = iA % TWOPOWER32;
  iB1 = iB/TWOPOWER32;
  iB0 = iB % TWOPOWER32;
  if( iA1==0 ){
    if( iB1==0 ){
      *pA *= iB;
      return 0;
    }
    r = iA0*iB1;
  }else if( iB1==0 ){
    r = iA1*iB0;
  }else{
    /* If both iA1 and iB1 are non-zero, overflow will result */
    return 1;
  }
  testcase( r==(-TWOPOWER31)-1 );
  testcase( r==(-TWOPOWER31) );
  testcase( r==TWOPOWER31 );
  testcase( r==TWOPOWER31-1 );
  if( r<(-TWOPOWER31) || r>=TWOPOWER31 ) return 1;
  r *= TWOPOWER32;
  if( sqlite3AddInt64(&r, iA0*iB0) ) return 1;
................................................................................
     /*  13 */ "Vacuum"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  14 */ "VFilter"          OpHelp("iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'"),
     /*  15 */ "VUpdate"          OpHelp("data=r[P3@P2]"),
     /*  16 */ "Goto"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  17 */ "Gosub"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  18 */ "Return"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  19 */ "Not"              OpHelp("r[P2]= !r[P1]"),
     /*  20 */ "InitCoroutine"    OpHelp(""),
     /*  21 */ "EndCoroutine"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  22 */ "Yield"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  23 */ "HaltIfNull"       OpHelp("if r[P3]=null halt"),
     /*  24 */ "Halt"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  25 */ "Integer"          OpHelp("r[P2]=P1"),
     /*  26 */ "Int64"            OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /*  27 */ "String"           OpHelp("r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)"),
     /*  28 */ "Null"             OpHelp("r[P2..P3]=NULL"),
     /*  29 */ "SoftNull"         OpHelp("r[P1]=NULL"),
     /*  30 */ "Blob"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)"),
     /*  31 */ "Variable"         OpHelp("r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)"),
     /*  32 */ "Move"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]"),
     /*  33 */ "Copy"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]"),
     /*  34 */ "SCopy"            OpHelp("r[P2]=r[P1]"),
     /*  35 */ "ResultRow"        OpHelp("output=r[P1@P2]"),
     /*  36 */ "CollSeq"          OpHelp(""),
     /*  37 */ "AddImm"           OpHelp("r[P1]=r[P1]+P2"),
     /*  38 */ "MustBeInt"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  39 */ "RealAffinity"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  40 */ "Permutation"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  41 */ "Compare"          OpHelp(""),
     /*  42 */ "Jump"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  43 */ "Once"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  44 */ "If"               OpHelp(""),
     /*  45 */ "IfNot"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  46 */ "Column"           OpHelp("r[P3]=PX"),
     /*  47 */ "Affinity"         OpHelp("affinity(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  48 */ "MakeRecord"       OpHelp("r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  49 */ "Count"            OpHelp("r[P2]=count()"),
     /*  50 */ "ReadCookie"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  51 */ "SetCookie"        OpHelp(""),

     /*  52 */ "OpenRead"         OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  53 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  54 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  55 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  56 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  57 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  58 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),


     /*  59 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  60 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  61 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  62 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  63 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  64 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  67 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  68 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  69 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  70 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),


     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),
     /*  73 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  74 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  75 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),


     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),
     /*  98 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /*  99 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 100 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 101 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 102 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 103 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 104 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 108 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 109 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 110 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 111 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 114 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 115 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 116 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 117 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 118 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 121 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 122 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 123 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 125 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 126 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 127 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 128 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 129 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 130 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 131 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 132 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 135 */ "IfZero"           OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 136 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 137 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),

     /* 138 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 139 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 140 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 141 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 142 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),




     /* 143 */ "ToText"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "ToBlob"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "ToNumeric"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 146 */ "ToInt"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "ToReal"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 150 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 151 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),

     /* 154 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 155 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 156 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
#  if defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#    define OS_VXWORKS 1
#  else
#    define OS_VXWORKS 0
#  endif
#endif



























/*
** standard include files.
*/
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
................................................................................

/* 
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
static SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by 
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
................................................................................
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/




static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)0));
    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
................................................................................
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    h = osLoadLibraryA((char*)zConverted);
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)h));
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  FARPROC proc;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  proc = osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
  OSTRACE(("DLSYM handle=%p, symbol=%s, address=%p\n",
           (void*)pH, zSym, (void*)proc));
  return (void(*)(void))proc;
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  osFreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);
  OSTRACE(("DLCLOSE handle=%p\n", (void*)pHandle));
}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
  #define winDlError 0
  #define winDlSym   0
  #define winDlClose 0
#endif
................................................................................
struct PCache {
  PgHdr *pDirty, *pDirtyTail;         /* List of dirty pages in LRU order */
  PgHdr *pSynced;                     /* Last synced page in dirty page list */
  int nRef;                           /* Number of referenced pages */
  int szCache;                        /* Configured cache size */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/*
................................................................................
    p->pDirtyTail = pPage->pDirtyPrev;
  }
  if( pPage->pDirtyPrev ){
    pPage->pDirtyPrev->pDirtyNext = pPage->pDirtyNext;
  }else{
    assert( pPage==p->pDirty );
    p->pDirty = pPage->pDirtyNext;
    if( p->pDirty==0 && p->bPurgeable ){
      assert( p->eCreate==1 );
      p->eCreate = 2;
    }
  }
  pPage->pDirtyNext = 0;
  pPage->pDirtyPrev = 0;

  expensive_assert( pcacheCheckSynced(p) );
}

................................................................................

  assert( pPage->pDirtyNext==0 && pPage->pDirtyPrev==0 && p->pDirty!=pPage );

  pPage->pDirtyNext = p->pDirty;
  if( pPage->pDirtyNext ){
    assert( pPage->pDirtyNext->pDirtyPrev==0 );
    pPage->pDirtyNext->pDirtyPrev = pPage;
  }else if( p->bPurgeable ){
    assert( p->eCreate==2 );
    p->eCreate = 1;
  }
  p->pDirty = pPage;
  if( !p->pDirtyTail ){
    p->pDirtyTail = pPage;
  }
  if( !p->pSynced && 0==(pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) ){
    p->pSynced = pPage;
................................................................................
  void *pStress,               /* Argument to xStress */
  PCache *p                    /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(PCache));
  p->szPage = szPage;
  p->szExtra = szExtra;
  p->bPurgeable = bPurgeable;
  p->eCreate = 2;
  p->xStress = xStress;
  p->pStress = pStress;
  p->szCache = 100;
}

/*
** Change the page size for PCache object. The caller must ensure that there
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheFetch(
  PCache *pCache,       /* Obtain the page from this cache */
  Pgno pgno,            /* Page number to obtain */
  int createFlag,       /* If true, create page if it does not exist already */
  PgHdr **ppPage        /* Write the page here */
){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  PgHdr *pPgHdr = 0;
  int eCreate;

  assert( pCache!=0 );
  assert( createFlag==1 || createFlag==0 );
  assert( pgno>0 );

  /* If the pluggable cache (sqlite3_pcache*) has not been allocated,
  ** allocate it now.
  */
  if( !pCache->pCache ){
    sqlite3_pcache *p;
    if( !createFlag ){
      *ppPage = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
        pCache->szPage, pCache->szExtra + sizeof(PgHdr), pCache->bPurgeable
    );
    if( !p ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(p, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    pCache->pCache = p;
  }

  /* eCreate defines what to do if the page does not exist.
  **    0     Do not allocate a new page.  (createFlag==0)
  **    1     Allocate a new page if doing so is inexpensive.
  **          (createFlag==1 AND bPurgeable AND pDirty)
  **    2     Allocate a new page even it doing so is difficult.
  **          (createFlag==1 AND !(bPurgeable AND pDirty)
  */
  eCreate = createFlag==0 ? 0 : pCache->eCreate;
  assert( (createFlag*(1+(!pCache->bPurgeable||!pCache->pDirty)))==eCreate );
  pPage = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache, pgno, eCreate);


  if( !pPage && eCreate==1 ){
    PgHdr *pPg;

    /* Find a dirty page to write-out and recycle. First try to find a 
    ** page that does not require a journal-sync (one with PGHDR_NEED_SYNC
    ** cleared), but if that is not possible settle for any other 
    ** unreferenced dirty page.
................................................................................

/*
** Find a page in the hash table given its page number. Return
** a pointer to the page or NULL if the requested page is not 
** already in memory.
*/
static PgHdr *pager_lookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *p = 0;                     /* Return value */

  /* It is not possible for a call to PcacheFetch() with createFlag==0 to
  ** fail, since no attempt to allocate dynamic memory will be made.
  */
  (void)sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &p);
  return p;
}
................................................................................
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);
    sqlite3OsClose(pRet->pWalFd);
    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pDbFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
    *ppWal = pRet;
    WALTRACE(("WAL%d: opened\n", pRet));
  }
................................................................................
    int iFirstAmt = (int)(p->iSyncPoint - iOffset);
    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pFd, pContent, iFirstAmt, iOffset);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    iOffset += iFirstAmt;
    iAmt -= iFirstAmt;
    pContent = (void*)(iFirstAmt + (char*)pContent);
    assert( p->syncFlags & (SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL|SQLITE_SYNC_FULL) );
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(p->pFd, p->syncFlags & SQLITE_SYNC_MASK);
    if( iAmt==0 || rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pFd, pContent, iAmt, iOffset);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
#endif
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */

  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;        /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;      /* Saved key that was cursor's last known position */
  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive */
  u8 wrFlag;                /* True if writable */
  u8 atLast;                /* Cursor pointing to the last entry */
  u8 validNKey;             /* True if info.nKey is valid */
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) == data );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
    memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  }
  data[hdr] = (char)flags;
  first = hdr + ((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0 ? 12 : 8);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - first);
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);

  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->aDataEnd = &data[pBt->usableSize];
  pPage->aCellIdx = &data[first];
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
................................................................................
  pCur->wrFlag = (u8)wrFlag;
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,                   /* First arg to xCompare() */
................................................................................
** do not need to be zeroed and they are large, so we can save a lot
** of run-time by skipping the initialization of those elements.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor *p){
  memset(p, 0, offsetof(BtCursor, iPage));
}































/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,          /* The cursor to be moved */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey, /* Unpacked index key */
  i64 intKey,              /* The table key */
  int biasRight,           /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes                /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;
  RecordCompare xRecordCompare;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  if( pIdxKey ){
    xRecordCompare = sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(pIdxKey);
    assert( pIdxKey->default_rc==1 
         || pIdxKey->default_rc==0 
         || pIdxKey->default_rc==-1
    );
  }else{
    xRecordCompare = 0; /* Not actually used.  Avoids a compiler warning. */
  }

  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
    assert( pPage->intKey==(pIdxKey==0) );
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
................................................................................
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey, 0);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey, 0);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
          ** this case the whole cell needs to be parsed, a buffer allocated
          ** and accessPayload() used to retrieve the record into the
          ** buffer before VdbeRecordCompare() can be called. */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
          }
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          rc = accessPayload(pCur, 0, nCell, (unsigned char*)pCellKey, 0);
          if( rc ){
            sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey, 0);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
        if( c<0 ){
          lwr = idx+1;
        }else if( c>0 ){
          upr = idx-1;
        }else{
................................................................................
}

/*
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
**
** The calling function will set *pRes to 0 or 1.  The initial *pRes value
** will be 1 if the cursor being stepped corresponds to an SQL index and
** if this routine could have been skipped if that SQL index had been
** a unique index.  Otherwise the caller will have set *pRes to zero.
** Zero is the common case. The btree implementation is free to use the
** initial *pRes value as a hint to improve performance, but the current
** SQLite btree implementation does not. (Note that the comdb2 btree
** implementation does use this hint, however.)
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................


/*
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
**
** The calling function will set *pRes to 0 or 1.  The initial *pRes value
** will be 1 if the cursor being stepped corresponds to an SQL index and
** if this routine could have been skipped if that SQL index had been
** a unique index.  Otherwise the caller will have set *pRes to zero.
** Zero is the common case. The btree implementation is free to use the
** initial *pRes value as a hint to improve performance, but the current
** SQLite btree implementation does not. (Note that the comdb2 btree
** implementation does use this hint, however.)
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK) ){
      rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  ** that the cursor is already where it needs to be and returns without
  ** doing any work. To avoid thwarting these optimizations, it is important
  ** not to clear the cursor here.
  */
  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */


    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( pCur->validNKey && nKey>0 && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }
  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );
................................................................................
  ** is advantageous to leave the cursor pointing to the last entry in
  ** the b-tree if possible. If the cursor is left pointing to the last
  ** entry in the table, and the next row inserted has an integer key
  ** larger than the largest existing key, it is possible to insert the
  ** row without seeking the cursor. This can be a big performance boost.
  */
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow ){
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = balance(pCur);

    /* Must make sure nOverflow is reset to zero even if the balance()
    ** fails. Internal data structure corruption will result otherwise. 
    ** Also, set the cursor state to invalid. This stops saveCursorPosition()
    ** from trying to save the current position of the cursor.  */
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nOverflow = 0;
................................................................................
  ** the cursor to the largest entry in the tree that is smaller than
  ** the entry being deleted. This cell will replace the cell being deleted
  ** from the internal node. The 'previous' entry is used for this instead
  ** of the 'next' entry, as the previous entry is always a part of the
  ** sub-tree headed by the child page of the cell being deleted. This makes
  ** balancing the tree following the delete operation easier.  */
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    int notUsed = 0;
    rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  /* Save the positions of any other cursors open on this table before
  ** making any modifications. Make the page containing the entry to be 
  ** deleted writable. Then free any overflow pages associated with the 
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Check invariants on a Mem object.
**
** This routine is intended for use inside of assert() statements, like
** this:    assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(Mem *p){
  /* The MEM_Dyn bit is set if and only if Mem.xDel is a non-NULL destructor
  ** function for Mem.z 
  */
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->xDel!=0 );
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || p->xDel==0 );

  /* If p holds a string or blob, the Mem.z must point to exactly
  ** one of the following:
  **
  **   (1) Memory in Mem.zMalloc and managed by the Mem object
  **   (2) Memory to be freed using Mem.xDel
  **   (3) An ephermal string or blob
  **   (4) A static string or blob
  */
  if( (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) && p->z!=0 ){
    assert( 
      ((p->z==p->zMalloc)? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 ? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 ? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Static)!=0 ? 1 : 0) == 1
    );
  }

  return 1;
}
#endif


/*
** If pMem is an object with a valid string representation, this routine
** ensures the internal encoding for the string representation is
** 'desiredEnc', one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE.
**
** If pMem is not a string object, or the encoding of the string
................................................................................
**
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );





  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      bPreserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
    if( pMem->zMalloc==0 ){
      VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
      pMem->z = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;  
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

  if( pMem->z && bPreserve && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=0 && pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p){
  assert( p->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
    p->xDel = 0;
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Frame ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(p);
  }
}

/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.flags==MEM_Str).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(p) );
  VdbeMemRelease(p);
  if( p->zMalloc ){
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);
    p->zMalloc = 0;
  }
  p->z = 0;
  assert( p->xDel==0 );  /* Zeroed by VdbeMemRelease() above */
................................................................................
    pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
    pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
  }
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(pMem->u.pRowSet);
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Null);

}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value *p){
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)p); 
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value to be a BLOB of length
** n containing all zeros.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem *pMem, int n){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero;

  pMem->n = 0;
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  pMem->u.nZero = n;
  pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, n, 0);
................................................................................
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type INTEGER.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem *pMem, i64 val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->u.i = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type REAL.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem *pMem, double val){
  if( sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;

  }
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
................................................................................
** copies are not misused.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe *pVdbe, Mem *pMem){
  int i;
  Mem *pX;
  for(i=1, pX=&pVdbe->aMem[1]; i<=pVdbe->nMem; i++, pX++){
    if( pX->pScopyFrom==pMem ){
      pX->flags |= MEM_Undefined;
      pX->pScopyFrom = 0;
    }
  }
  pMem->pScopyFrom = 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  pTo->xDel = 0;

  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
    flags |= ((xDel==SQLITE_STATIC)?MEM_Static:MEM_Dyn);
  }

  pMem->n = nByte;
  pMem->flags = flags;
  pMem->enc = (enc==0 ? SQLITE_UTF8 : enc);


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( pMem->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 && sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(pMem) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  if( nByte>iLimit ){
    return SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


















































































































/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
................................................................................
  }
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, amt+2, 0)) ){



    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;

      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }


  return rc;
}

/* This function is only available internally, it is not part of the
** external API. It works in a similar way to sqlite3_value_text(),
** except the data returned is in the encoding specified by the second
................................................................................
/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *db){
  Mem *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    p->flags = MEM_Null;

    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
................................................................................
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord));
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );

          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)((u8*)pRec + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)));
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;

            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
................................................................................
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);

    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
................................................................................
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)SMALLEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
................................................................................
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif




  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;

      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);

................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);
    test_addop_breakpoint();
  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  pOp->iSrcLine = 0;
#endif
  return i;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe *p, int op){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, 0, 0, 0);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1){
................................................................................
  return aOp;
}

/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno){
  int addr;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  if( ALWAYS(nOp>0) ){
................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      pOut->zComment = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
      pOut->iSrcLine = iLineno+i;
#else
      (void)iLineno;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
................................................................................
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    vdbeVComment(p, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
#endif  /* NDEBUG */

#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
/*
** Set the value if the iSrcLine field for the previously coded instruction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(Vdbe *v, int iLine){
  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v,-1)->iSrcLine = iLine;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE */

/*
** Return the opcode for a given address.  If the address is -1, then
** return the most recently inserted opcode.
**
** If a memory allocation error has occurred prior to the calling of this
** routine, then a pointer to a dummy VdbeOp will be returned.  That opcode
** is readable but not writable, though it is cast to a writable value.
** The return of a dummy opcode allows the call to continue functioning
** after a OOM fault without having to check to see if the return from 
** this routine is a valid pointer.  But because the dummy.opcode is 0,
** dummy will never be written to.  This is verified by code inspection and
** by running with Valgrind.








*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  /* C89 specifies that the constant "dummy" will be initialized to all
  ** zeros, which is correct.  MSVC generates a warning, nevertheless. */
  static VdbeOp dummy;  /* Ignore the MSVC warning about no initializer */
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( addr<0 ){



    addr = p->nOp - 1;
  }
  assert( (addr>=0 && addr<p->nOp) || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    return (VdbeOp*)&dummy;
  }else{
    return &p->aOp[addr];
................................................................................
  char zCom[100];
  static const char *zFormat1 = "%4d %-13s %4d %4d %4d %-13s %.2X %s\n";
  if( pOut==0 ) pOut = stdout;
  zP4 = displayP4(pOp, zPtr, sizeof(zPtr));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  displayComment(pOp, zP4, zCom, sizeof(zCom));
#else
  zCom[0] = 0;
#endif
  /* NB:  The sqlite3OpcodeName() function is implemented by code created
  ** by the mkopcodeh.awk and mkopcodec.awk scripts which extract the
  ** information from the vdbe.c source text */
  fprintf(pOut, zFormat1, pc, 
      sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode), pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3, zP4, pOp->p5,
      zCom
................................................................................
      for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
      }
      return;
    }
    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(p) );

      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
      ** The justification for duplicating code is that according to 
      ** callgrind, this causes a certain test case to hit the CPU 4.7 
................................................................................
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Frame|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->zMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->zMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Undefined;
    }
    db->mallocFailed = malloc_failed;
  }
}

/*
** Delete a VdbeFrame object and its contents. VdbeFrame objects are
................................................................................
      for(j=0; i>=apSub[j]->nOp; j++){
        i -= apSub[j]->nOp;
      }
      pOp = &apSub[j]->aOp[i];
    }
    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      pMem->u.i = i;                                /* Program counter */
      pMem++;
  
      pMem->flags = MEM_Static|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->z = (char*)sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode); /* Opcode */
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;

      /* When an OP_Program opcode is encounter (the only opcode that has
      ** a P4_SUBPROGRAM argument), expand the size of the array of subprograms
      ** kept in p->aMem[9].z to hold the new program - assuming this subprogram
      ** has not already been seen.
................................................................................
          pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        }
      }
    }

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p1;                          /* P1 */

    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */

    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */

    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    zP4 = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( zP4!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, zP4, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }

    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 4, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 500, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = displayComment(pOp, zP4, pMem->z, 500);

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
#else
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */

#endif
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintSql(Vdbe *p){
  const char *z = 0;
  if( p->zSql ){
    z = p->zSql;
  }else if( p->nOp>=1 ){
    const VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[0];
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Init && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
      z = pOp->p4.z;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
    }
  }
  if( z ) printf("SQL: [%s]\n", z);
}
#endif
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(Vdbe *p){
  int nOp = p->nOp;
  VdbeOp *pOp;
  if( sqlite3IoTrace==0 ) return;
  if( nOp<1 ) return;
  pOp = &p->aOp[0];
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Init && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
    int i, j;
    char z[1000];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(z), z, "%s", pOp->p4.z);
    for(i=0; sqlite3Isspace(z[i]); i++){}
    for(j=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( sqlite3Isspace(z[i]) ){
        if( z[i-1]!=' ' ){
................................................................................
    memcpy(p->azVar, pParse->azVar, p->nzVar*sizeof(p->azVar[0]));
    memset(pParse->azVar, 0, pParse->nzVar*sizeof(pParse->azVar[0]));
  }
  if( p->aMem ){
    p->aMem--;                      /* aMem[] goes from 1..nMem */
    p->nMem = nMem;                 /*       not from 0..nMem-1 */
    for(n=1; n<=nMem; n++){
      p->aMem[n].flags = MEM_Undefined;
      p->aMem[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  p->explain = pParse->explain;
  sqlite3VdbeRewind(p);
}

................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Execute assert() statements to ensure that the Vdbe.apCsr[] and 
  ** Vdbe.aMem[] arrays have already been cleaned up.  */
  int i;
  if( p->apCsr ) for(i=0; i<p->nCursor; i++) assert( p->apCsr[i]==0 );
  if( p->aMem ){
    for(i=1; i<=p->nMem; i++) assert( p->aMem[i].flags==MEM_Undefined );
  }
#endif

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = 0;
  p->pResultSet = 0;
}
................................................................................
    if( out ){
      int i;
      fprintf(out, "---- ");
      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
        fprintf(out, "%02x", p->aOp[i].opcode);
      }
      fprintf(out, "\n");
      if( p->zSql ){
        char c, pc = 0;
        fprintf(out, "-- ");
        for(i=0; (c = p->zSql[i])!=0; i++){
          if( pc=='\n' ) fprintf(out, "-- ");
          putc(c, out);
          pc = c;
        }
        if( pc!='\n' ) fprintf(out, "\n");
      }
      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){

        char zHdr[100];
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zHdr), zHdr, "%6u %12llu %8llu ",
           p->aOp[i].cnt,
           p->aOp[i].cycles,
           p->aOp[i].cnt>0 ? p->aOp[i].cycles/p->aOp[i].cnt : 0
        );
        fprintf(out, "%s", zHdr);
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
................................................................................
    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}

/* Input "x" is a sequence of unsigned characters that represent a
** big-endian integer.  Return the equivalent native integer
*/
#define ONE_BYTE_INT(x)    ((i8)(x)[0])
#define TWO_BYTE_INT(x)    (256*(i8)((x)[0])|(x)[1])
#define THREE_BYTE_INT(x)  (65536*(i8)((x)[0])|((x)[1]<<8)|(x)[2])
#define FOUR_BYTE_UINT(x)  (((u32)(x)[0]<<24)|((x)[1]<<16)|((x)[2]<<8)|(x)[3])

/*
** Deserialize the data blob pointed to by buf as serial type serial_type
** and store the result in pMem.  Return the number of bytes read.
*/ 
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x;
  u32 y;

  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* NULL */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = ONE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */

      pMem->u.i = TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */

      pMem->u.i = THREE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
      pMem->u.i = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);



      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
      /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
................................................................................
      */
      static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
      static const double r1 = 1.0;
      u64 t2 = t1;
      swapMixedEndianFloat(t2);
      assert( sizeof(r1)==sizeof(t2) && memcmp(&r1, &t2, sizeof(r1))==0 );
#endif
      x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+4);
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      if( serial_type==6 ){
        pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      }else{
        assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(pMem->r)==8 );
        swapMixedEndianFloat(x);
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *aKey = (const unsigned char *)pKey;
  int d; 
  u32 idx;                        /* Offset in aKey[] to read from */
  u16 u;                          /* Unsigned loop counter */
  u32 szHdr;
  Mem *pMem = p->aMem;

  p->default_rc = 0;
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );
  idx = getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);
  d = szHdr;
  u = 0;
  while( idx<szHdr && u<p->nField && d<=nKey ){
    u32 serial_type;

................................................................................
    pMem++;
    u++;
  }
  assert( u<=pKeyInfo->nField + 1 );
  p->nField = u;
}

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This function compares two index or table record keys in the same way

** as the sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() routine. Unlike VdbeRecordCompare(),
** this function deserializes and compares values using the
** sqlite3VdbeSerialGet() and sqlite3MemCompare() functions. It is used
** in assert() statements to ensure that the optimized code in
** sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() returns results with these two primitives.








*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareDebug(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  const UnpackedRecord *pPKey2  /* Right key */
){
  u32 d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;
  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
................................................................................
  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).
  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  return pPKey2->default_rc;

}
#endif


/*
** Both *pMem1 and *pMem2 contain string values. Compare the two values
** using the collation sequence pColl. As usual, return a negative , zero
** or positive value if *pMem1 is less than, equal to or greater than 
** *pMem2, respectively. Similar in spirit to "rc = (*pMem1) - (*pMem2);".
*/
static int vdbeCompareMemString(
  const Mem *pMem1,
  const Mem *pMem2,
  const CollSeq *pColl
){
  if( pMem1->enc==pColl->enc ){
    /* The strings are already in the correct encoding.  Call the
     ** comparison function directly */
    return pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser,pMem1->n,pMem1->z,pMem2->n,pMem2->z);
  }else{
    int rc;
    const void *v1, *v2;
    int n1, n2;
    Mem c1;
    Mem c2;
    memset(&c1, 0, sizeof(c1));
    memset(&c2, 0, sizeof(c2));
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c1, pMem1, MEM_Ephem);
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c2, pMem2, MEM_Ephem);
    v1 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c1, pColl->enc);
    n1 = v1==0 ? 0 : c1.n;
    v2 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c2, pColl->enc);
    n2 = v2==0 ? 0 : c2.n;
    rc = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, n1, v1, n2, v2);
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c1);
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c2);
    return rc;
  }
}

/*
** Compare the values contained by the two memory cells, returning
** negative, zero or positive if pMem1 is less than, equal to, or greater
** than pMem2. Sorting order is NULL's first, followed by numbers (integers
** and reals) sorted numerically, followed by text ordered by the collating
** sequence pColl and finally blob's ordered by memcmp().
**
** Two NULL values are considered equal by this function.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int rc;
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

  /* If one value is a number and the other is not, the number is less.
  ** If both are numbers, compare as reals if one is a real, or as integers
  ** if both values are integers.
  */
  if( combined_flags&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    double r1, r2;
    if( (f1 & f2 & MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      if( pMem1->u.i < pMem2->u.i ) return -1;
      if( pMem1->u.i > pMem2->u.i ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }
    if( (f1&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r1 = pMem1->r;
    }else if( (f1&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r1 = (double)pMem1->u.i;
    }else{
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r2 = pMem2->r;
    }else if( (f2&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r2 = (double)pMem2->u.i;
    }else{
      return -1;
    }
    if( r1<r2 ) return -1;
    if( r1>r2 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  /* If one value is a string and the other is a blob, the string is less.
  ** If both are strings, compare using the collating functions.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Str ){
    if( (f1 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return -1;
    }

    assert( pMem1->enc==pMem2->enc );
    assert( pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
            pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE || pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );

    /* The collation sequence must be defined at this point, even if
    ** the user deletes the collation sequence after the vdbe program is
    ** compiled (this was not always the case).
    */
    assert( !pColl || pColl->xCmp );

    if( pColl ){
      return vdbeCompareMemString(pMem1, pMem2, pColl);
    }
    /* If a NULL pointer was passed as the collate function, fall through
    ** to the blob case and use memcmp().  */
  }
 
  /* Both values must be blobs.  Compare using memcmp().  */
  rc = memcmp(pMem1->z, pMem2->z, (pMem1->n>pMem2->n)?pMem2->n:pMem1->n);
  if( rc==0 ){

    rc = pMem1->n - pMem2->n;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** The first argument passed to this function is a serial-type that
** corresponds to an integer - all values between 1 and 9 inclusive 
** except 7. The second points to a buffer containing an integer value
** serialized according to serial_type. This function deserializes
** and returns the value.
*/
static i64 vdbeRecordDecodeInt(u32 serial_type, const u8 *aKey){
  u32 y;
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || (serial_type>=1 && serial_type<=9 && serial_type!=7) );
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 0:
    case 1:
      return ONE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 2:
      return TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 3:
      return THREE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 4: {
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      return (i64)*(int*)&y;
    }
    case 5: {
      return FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    }
    case 6: {
      u64 x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      x = (x<<32) | FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+4);
      return (i64)*(i64*)&x;
    }
  }

  return (serial_type - 8);
}

/*
** This function compares the two table rows or index records
** specified by {nKey1, pKey1} and pPKey2.  It returns a negative, zero
** or positive integer if key1 is less than, equal to or 
** greater than key2.  The {nKey1, pKey1} key must be a blob
** created by th OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE.  The pPKey2
** key must be a parsed key such as obtained from
** sqlite3VdbeParseRecord.
**
** If argument bSkip is non-zero, it is assumed that the caller has already
** determined that the first fields of the keys are equal.
**
** Key1 and Key2 do not have to contain the same number of fields. If all 
** fields that appear in both keys are equal, then pPKey2->default_rc is 
** returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1,   /* Left key */
  const UnpackedRecord *pPKey2,   /* Right key */
  int bSkip                       /* If true, skip the first field */
){
  u32 d1;                         /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  int i;                          /* Index of next field to compare */
  u32 szHdr1;                     /* Size of record header in bytes */
  u32 idx1;                       /* Offset of first type in header */
  int rc = 0;                     /* Return value */
  Mem *pRhs = pPKey2->aMem;       /* Next field of pPKey2 to compare */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pPKey2->pKeyInfo;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
  Mem mem1;

  /* If bSkip is true, then the caller has already determined that the first
  ** two elements in the keys are equal. Fix the various stack variables so
  ** that this routine begins comparing at the second field. */
  if( bSkip ){
    u32 s1;
    idx1 = 1 + getVarint32(&aKey1[1], s1);
    szHdr1 = aKey1[0];
    d1 = szHdr1 + sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(s1);
    i = 1;
    pRhs++;
  }else{
    idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
    d1 = szHdr1;
    i = 0;
  }

  VVA_ONLY( mem1.zMalloc = 0; ) /* Only needed by assert() statements */
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nField+pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nXField>=pPKey2->nField 
       || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nField>0 );
  assert( idx1<=szHdr1 || CORRUPT_DB );
  do{
    u32 serial_type;

    /* RHS is an integer */
    if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Int ){
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      if( serial_type>=12 ){
        rc = +1;
      }else if( serial_type==0 ){
        rc = -1;


      }else if( serial_type==7 ){
        double rhs = (double)pRhs->u.i;
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type, &mem1);
        if( mem1.r<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( mem1.r>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }else{
        i64 lhs = vdbeRecordDecodeInt(serial_type, &aKey1[d1]);
        i64 rhs = pRhs->u.i;
        if( lhs<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( lhs>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is real */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Real ){
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      if( serial_type>=12 ){
        rc = +1;
      }else if( serial_type==0 ){
        rc = -1;
      }else{
        double rhs = pRhs->r;
        double lhs;
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type, &mem1);
        if( serial_type==7 ){
          lhs = mem1.r;
        }else{
          lhs = (double)mem1.u.i;
        }
        if( lhs<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( lhs>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is a string */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Str ){
      getVarint32(&aKey1[idx1], serial_type);
      if( serial_type<12 ){
        rc = -1;
      }else if( !(serial_type & 0x01) ){
        rc = +1;
      }else{
        mem1.n = (serial_type - 12) / 2;
        if( (d1+mem1.n) > (unsigned)nKey1 ){
          rc = 1;                /* Corruption */
        }else if( pKeyInfo->aColl[i] ){
          mem1.enc = pKeyInfo->enc;
          mem1.db = pKeyInfo->db;
          mem1.flags = MEM_Str;
          mem1.z = (char*)&aKey1[d1];
          rc = vdbeCompareMemString(&mem1, pRhs, pKeyInfo->aColl[i]);
        }else{
          int nCmp = MIN(mem1.n, pRhs->n);
          rc = memcmp(&aKey1[d1], pRhs->z, nCmp);
          if( rc==0 ) rc = mem1.n - pRhs->n; 
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is a blob */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Blob ){
      getVarint32(&aKey1[idx1], serial_type);
      if( serial_type<12 || (serial_type & 0x01) ){
        rc = -1;
      }else{
        int nStr = (serial_type - 12) / 2;
        if( (d1+nStr) > (unsigned)nKey1 ){
          rc = 1;                /* Corruption */
        }else{
          int nCmp = MIN(nStr, pRhs->n);
          rc = memcmp(&aKey1[d1], pRhs->z, nCmp);
          if( rc==0 ) rc = nStr - pRhs->n;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is null */
    else{
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      rc = (serial_type!=0);
    }

    if( rc!=0 ){
      if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){
        rc = -rc;
      }
      assert( CORRUPT_DB
          || (rc<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
          || (rc>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
          || pKeyInfo->db->mallocFailed
      );
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */
      return rc;
    }

    i++;
    pRhs++;
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
    idx1 += sqlite3VarintLen(serial_type);
  }while( idx1<(unsigned)szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField && d1<=(unsigned)nKey1 );

  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one or both of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  assert( CORRUPT_DB 
       || pPKey2->default_rc==vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2) 
  );
  return pPKey2->default_rc;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is an integer, and (b) the 
** size-of-header varint at the start of (pKey1/nKey1) fits in a single
** byte (i.e. is less than 128).
*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareInt(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  const UnpackedRecord *pPKey2, /* Right key */
  int bSkip                     /* Ignored */
){
  const u8 *aKey = &((const u8*)pKey1)[*(const u8*)pKey1 & 0x3F];
  int serial_type = ((const u8*)pKey1)[1];
  int res;
  u32 y;
  u64 x;
  i64 v = pPKey2->aMem[0].u.i;
  i64 lhs;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(bSkip);

  assert( bSkip==0 );
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      lhs = ONE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      break;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      lhs = TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      break;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      lhs = THREE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      break;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      lhs = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      break;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      lhs = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      break;
    }
    case 6: { /* 8-byte signed integer */
      x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      x = (x<<32) | FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+4);
      lhs = *(i64*)&x;
      break;
    }
    case 8: 
      lhs = 0;
      break;
    case 9:
      lhs = 1;
      break;

    /* This case could be removed without changing the results of running
    ** this code. Including it causes gcc to generate a faster switch 
    ** statement (since the range of switch targets now starts at zero and
    ** is contiguous) but does not cause any duplicate code to be generated
    ** (as gcc is clever enough to combine the two like cases). Other 
    ** compilers might be similar.  */ 
    case 0: case 7:
      return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 0);

    default:
      return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 0);
  }

  if( v>lhs ){
    res = pPKey2->r1;
  }else if( v<lhs ){
    res = pPKey2->r2;
  }else if( pPKey2->nField>1 ){
    /* The first fields of the two keys are equal. Compare the trailing 
    ** fields.  */
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 1);
  }else{
    /* The first fields of the two keys are equal and there are no trailing
    ** fields. Return pPKey2->default_rc in this case. */
    res = pPKey2->default_rc;
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB
  );
  return res;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is a string, that (b) the first field
** uses the collation sequence BINARY and (c) that the size-of-header varint 
** at the start of (pKey1/nKey1) fits in a single byte.
*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareString(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  const UnpackedRecord *pPKey2, /* Right key */
  int bSkip
){
  const u8 *aKey1 = (const u8*)pKey1;
  int serial_type;
  int res;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(bSkip);

  assert( bSkip==0 );
  getVarint32(&aKey1[1], serial_type);

  if( serial_type<12 ){
    res = pPKey2->r1;      /* (pKey1/nKey1) is a number or a null */
  }else if( !(serial_type & 0x01) ){ 
    res = pPKey2->r2;      /* (pKey1/nKey1) is a blob */
  }else{
    int nCmp;
    int nStr;
    int szHdr = aKey1[0];

    nStr = (serial_type-12) / 2;
    if( (szHdr + nStr) > nKey1 ) return 0;    /* Corruption */
    nCmp = MIN( pPKey2->aMem[0].n, nStr );
    res = memcmp(&aKey1[szHdr], pPKey2->aMem[0].z, nCmp);

    if( res==0 ){
      res = nStr - pPKey2->aMem[0].n;
      if( res==0 ){
        if( pPKey2->nField>1 ){
          res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 1);
        }else{
          res = pPKey2->default_rc;
        }
      }else if( res>0 ){
        res = pPKey2->r2;
      }else{
        res = pPKey2->r1;
      }
    }else if( res>0 ){
      res = pPKey2->r2;
    }else{
      res = pPKey2->r1;
    }
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB
  );
  return res;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() compatible function
** suitable for comparing serialized records to the unpacked record passed
** as the only argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord *p){
  /* varintRecordCompareInt() and varintRecordCompareString() both assume
  ** that the size-of-header varint that occurs at the start of each record
  ** fits in a single byte (i.e. is 127 or less). varintRecordCompareInt()
  ** also assumes that it is safe to overread a buffer by at least the 
  ** maximum possible legal header size plus 8 bytes. Because there is
  ** guaranteed to be at least 74 (but not 136) bytes of padding following each
  ** buffer passed to varintRecordCompareInt() this makes it convenient to
  ** limit the size of the header to 64 bytes in cases where the first field
  ** is an integer.
  **
  ** The easiest way to enforce this limit is to consider only records with
  ** 13 fields or less. If the first field is an integer, the maximum legal
  ** header size is (12*5 + 1 + 1) bytes.  */
  if( (p->pKeyInfo->nField + p->pKeyInfo->nXField)<=13 ){
    int flags = p->aMem[0].flags;
    if( p->pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[0] ){
      p->r1 = 1;
      p->r2 = -1;
    }else{
      p->r1 = -1;
      p->r2 = 1;
    }
    if( (flags & MEM_Int) ){
      return vdbeRecordCompareInt;
    }
    if( (flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Null|MEM_Blob))==0 
        && p->pKeyInfo->aColl[0]==0 
    ){
      return vdbeRecordCompareString;
    }
  }

  return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare;
}

/*
** pCur points at an index entry created using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** Read the rowid (the last field in the record) and store it in *rowid.
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code otherwise.
**
** pCur might be pointing to text obtained from a corrupt database file.
................................................................................
**
** pUnpacked is either created without a rowid or is truncated so that it
** omits the rowid at the end.  The rowid at the end of the index entry
** is ignored as well.  Hence, this routine only compares the prefixes 
** of the keys prior to the final rowid, not the entire key.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(
  VdbeCursor *pC,                  /* The cursor to compare against */
  const UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked, /* Unpacked version of key */
  int *res                         /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This routine sets the value to be returned by subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_changes() on the database handle 'db'. 
................................................................................
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pRet, aff, SQLITE_UTF8);

      }
      return pRet;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** The following routines extract information from a Mem or sqlite3_value
** structure.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(p);

    p->flags |= MEM_Blob;
    return p->n ? p->z : 0;
  }else{
    return sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  }
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value *pVal){
................................................................................
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16BE);
}
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16LE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  static const u8 aType[] = {
     SQLITE_BLOB,     /* 0x00 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x01 */
     SQLITE_TEXT,     /* 0x02 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x03 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x04 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x05 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x06 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x07 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x08 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x09 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x0a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x0c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x0e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0f */
     SQLITE_BLOB,     /* 0x10 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x11 */
     SQLITE_TEXT,     /* 0x12 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x13 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x14 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x15 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x16 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x17 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x18 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x19 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x1a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1f */
  };
  return aType[pVal->flags&MEM_AffMask];
}

/**************************** sqlite3_result_  *******************************
** The following routines are used by user-defined functions to specify
** the function result.
**
** The setStrOrError() funtion calls sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr() to store the
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm==0 || pVm->pResultSet==0 ) return 0;
  return pVm->nResColumn;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to static memory containing an SQL NULL value.
*/
static const Mem *columnNullValue(void){
  /* Even though the Mem structure contains an element
  ** of type i64, on certain architectures (x86) with certain compiler
  ** switches (-Os), gcc may align this Mem object on a 4-byte boundary
  ** instead of an 8-byte one. This all works fine, except that when
  ** running with SQLITE_DEBUG defined the SQLite code sometimes assert()s
  ** that a Mem structure is located on an 8-byte boundary. To prevent
  ** these assert()s from failing, when building with SQLITE_DEBUG defined
  ** using gcc, we force nullMem to be 8-byte aligned using the magical
  ** __attribute__((aligned(8))) macro.  */
  static const Mem nullMem 
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(__GNUC__)
    __attribute__((aligned(8))) 
#endif
    = {0, "", (double)0, {0}, 0, MEM_Null, 0,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
       0, 0,  /* pScopyFrom, pFiller */
#endif
       0, 0 };
  return &nullMem;
}

/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the given statement is valid.  If
** it is, return a pointer to the Mem for the value of that column.
** If iCol is not valid, return a pointer to a Mem which has a value
** of NULL.
*/
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut;

  pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm && pVm->pResultSet!=0 && i<pVm->nResColumn && i>=0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
    pOut = &pVm->pResultSet[i];
  }else{





















    if( pVm && ALWAYS(pVm->db) ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
      sqlite3Error(pVm->db, SQLITE_RANGE, 0);
    }
    pOut = (Mem*)columnNullValue();
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** This function is called after invoking an sqlite3_value_XXX function on a 
** column value (i.e. a value returned by evaluating an SQL expression in the
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  return bindText(pStmt, i, zData, nData, xDel, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, const sqlite3_value *pValue){
  int rc;
  switch( sqlite3_value_type((sqlite3_value*)pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, i, pValue->u.i);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_double(pStmt, i, pValue->r);
      break;
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** The code in this file implements the function that runs the
** bytecode of a prepared statement.

























**
** Various scripts scan this source file in order to generate HTML
** documentation, headers files, or other derived files.  The formatting
** of the code in this file is, therefore, important.  See other comments
** in this file for details.  If in doubt, do not deviate from existing
** commenting and indentation practices when changing or adding code.
*/

/*
** Invoke this macro on memory cells just prior to changing the
** value of the cell.  This macro verifies that shallow copies are
** not misused.  A shallow copy of a string or blob just copies a
** pointer to the string or blob, not the content.  If the original
** is changed while the copy is still in use, the string or blob might
** be changed out from under the copy.  This macro verifies that nothing
** like that every happens.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define memAboutToChange(P,M) sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(P,M)
#else
# define memAboutToChange(P,M)
#endif

................................................................................
  if( (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 && p->n>sqlite3_max_blobsize ){
    sqlite3_max_blobsize = p->n;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** The next global variable is incremented each time the OP_Found opcode
** is executed. This is used to test whether or not the foreign key
** operation implemented using OP_FkIsZero is working. This variable
** has no function other than to help verify the correct operation of the
** library.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_found_count = 0;
................................................................................
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST)
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)  updateMaxBlobsize(P)
#else
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)
#endif

/*
** Invoke the VDBE coverage callback, if that callback is defined.  This
** feature is used for test suite validation only and does not appear an
** production builds.
**
** M is an integer, 2 or 3, that indices how many different ways the
** branch can go.  It is usually 2.  "I" is the direction the branch
** goes.  0 means falls through.  1 means branch is taken.  2 means the
** second alternative branch is taken.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE)
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M)
#else
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M) vdbeTakeBranch(pOp->iSrcLine,I,M)
  static void vdbeTakeBranch(int iSrcLine, u8 I, u8 M){
    if( iSrcLine<=2 && ALWAYS(iSrcLine>0) ){
      M = iSrcLine;
      /* Assert the truth of VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken() and 
      ** VdbeCoverageNeverTaken() */
      assert( (M & I)==I );
    }else{
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xVdbeBranch==0 ) return;  /*NO_TEST*/
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.xVdbeBranch(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pVdbeBranchArg,
                                      iSrcLine,I,M);
    }
  }
#endif

/*
** Convert the given register into a string if it isn't one
** already. Return non-zero if a malloc() fails.
*/
#define Stringify(P, enc) \
   if(((P)->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 && sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(P,enc)) \
     { goto no_mem; }
................................................................................
** a pointer to a dynamically allocated string where some other entity
** is responsible for deallocating that string.  Because the register
** does not control the string, it might be deleted without the register
** knowing it.
**
** This routine converts an ephemeral string into a dynamically allocated
** string that the register itself controls.  In other words, it
** converts an MEM_Ephem string into a string with P.z==P.zMalloc.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
#define isSorter(x) ((x)->pSorter!=0)

























/*
** Allocate VdbeCursor number iCur.  Return a pointer to it.  Return NULL
** if we run out of memory.
*/
static VdbeCursor *allocateCursor(
  Vdbe *p,              /* The virtual machine */
................................................................................
/*
** Try to convert the type of a function argument or a result column
** into a numeric representation.  Use either INTEGER or REAL whichever
** is appropriate.  But only do the conversion if it is possible without
** loss of information and return the revised type of the argument.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT ){
    Mem *pMem = (Mem*)pVal;

    applyNumericAffinity(pMem);

    eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  }
  return eType;
}

/*
** Exported version of applyAffinity(). This one works on sqlite3_value*, 
** not the internal Mem* type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(
................................................................................
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the value of a register for tracing purposes:
*/
static void memTracePrint(Mem *p){
  if( p->flags & MEM_Undefined ){
    printf(" undefined");
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    printf(" NULL");
  }else if( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Str))==(MEM_Int|MEM_Str) ){
    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
................................................................................

#endif /* !defined(_HWTIME_H_) */

/************** End of hwtime.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.c ***********************/

#endif















#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** This function is only called from within an assert() expression. It
** checks that the sqlite3.nTransaction variable is correctly set to
** the number of non-transaction savepoints currently in the 
** linked list starting at sqlite3.pSavepoint.
................................................................................
  assert( n==(db->nSavepoint + db->isTransactionSavepoint) );
  return 1;
}
#endif


/*
** Execute as much of a VDBE program as we can.
** This is the core of sqlite3_step().  



























*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(
  Vdbe *p                    /* The VDBE */
){
  int pc=0;                  /* The program counter */
  Op *aOp = p->aOp;          /* Copy of p->aOp */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
................................................................................
  Mem *pIn2 = 0;             /* 2nd input operand */
  Mem *pIn3 = 0;             /* 3rd input operand */
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */
  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */

#endif
  /*** INSERT STACK UNION HERE ***/

  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
................................................................................
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );
    nProgressLimit = (unsigned)p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    if( nProgressLimit==0 ){
      nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps;
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#endif
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE

    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
................................................................................

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
................................................................................
  **
  ** This code uses unstructured "goto" statements and does not look clean.
  ** But that is not due to sloppy coding habits. The code is written this
  ** way for performance, to avoid having to run the interrupt and progress
  ** checks on every opcode.  This helps sqlite3_step() to run about 1.5%
  ** faster according to "valgrind --tool=cachegrind" */
check_for_interrupt:
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
  ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
  ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
  ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
  ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
  */
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Return P1 * * * *
**
** Jump to the next instruction after the address in register P1.  After
** the jump, register P1 becomes undefined.
*/
case OP_Return: {           /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags==MEM_Int );
  pc = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: InitCoroutine P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Set up register P1 so that it will OP_Yield to the co-routine
** located at address P3.
**
** If P2!=0 then the co-routine implementation immediately follows
** this opcode.  So jump over the co-routine implementation to
** address P2.
*/
case OP_InitCoroutine: {     /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 &&  pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 && pOp->p3<p->nOp );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) );
  pOut->u.i = pOp->p3 - 1;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  if( pOp->p2 ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  EndCoroutine P1 * * * *
**
** The instruction at the address in register P1 is an OP_Yield.
** Jump to the P2 parameter of that OP_Yield.
** After the jump, register P1 becomes undefined.
*/
case OP_EndCoroutine: {           /* in1 */
  VdbeOp *pCaller;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags==MEM_Int );
  assert( pIn1->u.i>=0 && pIn1->u.i<p->nOp );
  pCaller = &aOp[pIn1->u.i];
  assert( pCaller->opcode==OP_Yield );
  assert( pCaller->p2>=0 && pCaller->p2<p->nOp );
  pc = pCaller->p2 - 1;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Yield P1 P2 * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.
**
** If the co-routine ends with OP_Yield or OP_Return then continue
** to the next instruction.  But if the co-routine ends with
** OP_EndCoroutine, jump immediately to P2.
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1, jump */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  if r[P3]=null halt
**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
** parameter P1, P2, and P4 as if this were a Halt instruction.  If the
** value in register P3 is not NULL, then this routine is a no-op.
** The P5 parameter should be 1.
*/
case OP_HaltIfNull: {      /* in3 */
................................................................................
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4'
**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into an OP_String before it is executed for the first time.  During
** this transformation, the length of string P4 is computed and stored
** as the P1 parameter.
*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
  pOp->p1 = sqlite3Strlen30(pOp->p4.z);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( encoding!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_TOOBIG ) goto too_big;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding) ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pOut->zMalloc==pOut->z );
    assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pOut)==0 );
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Static;

    if( pOp->p4type==P4_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->p4.z);
    }
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
    pOp->p4.z = pOut->z;
    pOp->p1 = pOut->n;
  }
................................................................................
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = nullFlag;
    cnt--;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SoftNull P1 * * * *
** Synopsis:  r[P1]=NULL
**
** Set register P1 to have the value NULL as seen by the OP_MakeRecord
** instruction, but do not free any string or blob memory associated with
** the register, so that if the value was a string or blob that was
** previously copied using OP_SCopy, the copies will continue to be valid.
*/
case OP_SoftNull: {
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut->flags = (pOut->flags|MEM_Null)&~MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
**
** P4 points to a blob of data P1 bytes long.  Store this
** blob in register P2.
*/
case OP_Blob: {                /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p1 <= SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode: Variable P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)
**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */
  Mem *pVar;       /* Value being transferred */

  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nVar );
  assert( pOp->p4.z==0 || pOp->p4.z==p->azVar[pOp->p1-1] );
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;

    memcpy(pOut, pIn1, sizeof(Mem));
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif
    pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
    pIn1->xDel = 0;
    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( n-- );
  break;
}
................................................................................

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  output=r[P1@P2]
**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the r(P1)..r(P1+P2-1) values as
** the result row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
................................................................................
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&pMem[i]);
    assert( (pMem[i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (pMem[i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);

    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
................................................................................
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }

  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
................................................................................
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);

    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
** without data loss, then jump immediately to P2, or if P2==0
** raise an SQLITE_MISMATCH exception.
*/
case OP_MustBeInt: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
    applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, encoding);
    VdbeBranchTaken((pIn1->flags&MEM_Int)==0, 2);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( pOp->p2==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }else{
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
/* Opcode: ToText P1 * * * *
**
** Force the value in register P1 to be text.
** If the value is numeric, convert it to a string using the
** equivalent of sprintf().  Blob values are unchanged and
** are afterwards simply interpreted as text.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToText: {                  /* same as TK_TO_TEXT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
................................................................................
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
      ** or not both operands are null.
      */
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_Eq || pOp->opcode==OP_Ne );
      assert( (flags1 & MEM_Cleared)==0 );
      assert( (pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL)==0 );
      if( (flags1&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Cleared)==0
      ){
        res = 0;  /* Results are equal */
      }else{
        res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */


      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
        pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
      }else{
        VdbeBranchTaken(2,3);
        if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
          pc = pOp->p2-1;
        }
      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( affinity ){
................................................................................

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  }else{
    VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0, (pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ)?2:3);
    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2-1;
    }
  }
  /* Undo any changes made by applyAffinity() to the input registers. */
  pIn1->flags = (pIn1->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags1&MEM_TypeMask);
  pIn3->flags = (pIn3->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags3&MEM_TypeMask);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Permutation * * * P4 *
................................................................................
**
** Jump to the instruction at address P1, P2, or P3 depending on whether
** in the most recent OP_Compare instruction the P1 vector was less than
** equal to, or greater than the P2 vector, respectively.
*/
case OP_Jump: {             /* jump */
  if( iCompare<0 ){
    pc = pOp->p1 - 1;  VdbeBranchTaken(0,3);
  }else if( iCompare==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;  VdbeBranchTaken(1,3);
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p3 - 1;  VdbeBranchTaken(2,3);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: And P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])
**
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check if OP_Once flag P1 is set. If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise,
** set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.  In other words,
** this opcode causes all following up codes up through P2 (but not including
** P2) to run just once and skipped on subsequent times through the loop.
*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );
  VdbeBranchTaken(p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1]!=0, 2);
  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
    p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] = 1;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    c = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
#else
    c = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1)!=0.0;
#endif
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IfNot ) c = !c;
  }
  VdbeBranchTaken(c!=0, 2);
  if( c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  if r[P1]==NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is NULL.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {            /* same as TK_ISNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  VdbeBranchTaken( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)!=0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is not NULL.  
*/
case OP_NotNull: {            /* same as TK_NOTNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  VdbeBranchTaken( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Column P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr || (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE)!=0 ){
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pCrsr==0 ){
        assert( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];





        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
        goto op_column_out;
................................................................................

  /* Extract the content for the p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if aOffset[p2], aOffset[p2+1], and aType[p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( p2<pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pDest) );
  if( pC->szRow>=aOffset[p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pC->aRow+aOffset[p2], aType[p2], pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(zData, t, pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( sMem.z==sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pDest)==0 );
      assert( (pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str))==0 || pDest->z==sMem.z );
      pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      pDest->z = sMem.z;
      pDest->zMalloc = sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  pDest->enc = encoding;
................................................................................
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );

    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *
................................................................................

  /* Apply the requested affinity to all inputs
  */
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  if( zAffinity ){
    pRec = pData0;
    do{
      applyAffinity(pRec++, *(zAffinity++), encoding);
      assert( zAffinity[0]==0 || pRec<=pLast );
    }while( zAffinity[0] );
  }

  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  pRec = pLast;
  do{
................................................................................
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
................................................................................
                   "cannot commit - no transaction is active"));
         
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Transaction P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Begin a transaction on database P1 if a transaction is not already
** active.
** If P2 is non-zero, then a write-transaction is started, or if a 
** read-transaction is already active, it is upgraded to a write-transaction.
** If P2 is zero, then a read-transaction is started.
**
** P1 is the index of the database file on which the transaction is
** started.  Index 0 is the main database file and index 1 is the
** file used for temporary tables.  Indices of 2 or more are used for
** attached databases.
**








** If a write-transaction is started and the Vdbe.usesStmtJournal flag is
** true (this flag is set if the Vdbe may modify more than one row and may
** throw an ABORT exception), a statement transaction may also be opened.
** More specifically, a statement transaction is opened iff the database
** connection is currently not in autocommit mode, or if there are other
** active statements. A statement transaction allows the changes made by this
** VDBE to be rolled back after an error without having to roll back the
** entire transaction. If no error is encountered, the statement transaction
** will automatically commit when the VDBE halts.
**
** If P5!=0 then this opcode also checks the schema cookie against P3
** and the schema generation counter against P4.
** The cookie changes its value whenever the database schema changes.
** This operation is used to detect when that the cookie has changed
** and that the current process needs to reread the schema.  If the schema
** cookie in P3 differs from the schema cookie in the database header or
** if the schema generation counter in P4 differs from the current
** generation counter, then an SQLITE_SCHEMA error is raised and execution
** halts.  The sqlite3_step() wrapper function might then reprepare the
** statement and rerun it from the beginning.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {
  Btree *pBt;
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
................................................................................

      /* Store the current value of the database handles deferred constraint
      ** counter. If the statement transaction needs to be rolled back,
      ** the value of this counter needs to be restored too.  */
      p->nStmtDefCons = db->nDeferredCons;
      p->nStmtDefImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
    }

    /* Gather the schema version number for checking */
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&iMeta);
    iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    iGen = iMeta = 0;
  }
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  if( pOp->p5 && (iMeta!=pOp->p3 || iGen!=pOp->p4.i) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
    ** not reload the schema from the database file.
    **
    ** If virtual-tables are in use, this is not just an optimization.
    ** Often, v-tables store their data in other SQLite tables, which
    ** are queried from within xNext() and other v-table methods using
    ** prepared queries. If such a query is out-of-date, we do not want to
    ** discard the database schema, as the user code implementing the
    ** v-table would have to be ready for the sqlite3_vtab structure itself
    ** to be invalidated whenever sqlite3_step() is called from within 
    ** a v-table method.
    */
    if( db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->schema_cookie!=iMeta ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, pOp->p1);
    }
    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ReadCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Read cookie number P3 from database P1 and write it into register P2.
................................................................................
  }
  if( pOp->p1==1 ){
    /* Invalidate all prepared statements whenever the TEMP database
    ** schema is changed.  Ticket #1644 */
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    p->expired = 0;
  }




























































  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenRead P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read-only cursor for the database table whose root page is
................................................................................
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
................................................................................
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]
**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
** row of data.  The content of that one row is the content of memory
** register P2.  In other words, cursor P1 becomes an alias for the 
** MEM_Blob content contained in register P2.

**
** A pseudo-table created by this opcode is used to hold a single
** row output from the sorter so that the row can be decomposed into
** individual columns using the OP_Column opcode.  The OP_Column opcode
** is the only cursor opcode that works with a pseudo-table.
**
** P3 is the number of fields in the records that will be stored by
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, 0);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  pCx->isTable = 1;
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
** Close a cursor previously opened as P1.  If P1 is not
** currently open, this instruction is a no-op.
................................................................................
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLT:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGT: {       /* jump, in3 */
  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
................................................................................

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
        /* If the P3 value cannot be converted into any kind of a number,
        ** then the seek is not possible, so jump to P2 */
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;  VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
        break;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is larger than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGE==(OP_SeekGT-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLT==(OP_SeekLE-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLE & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGT & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGT & 0x0001) ) oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLE==(OP_SeekLT+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGT==(OP_SeekGE+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLT & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGE & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLT & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( res==0 ){
................................................................................
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGT || oc==OP_SeekLE ){
    **     r.default_rc = -1;
    **   }else{
    **     r.default_rc = +1;
    **   }
    */
    r.default_rc = ((1 & (oc - OP_SeekLT)) ? -1 : +1);
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGT || r.default_rc==-1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLE || r.default_rc==-1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGE || r.default_rc==+1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLT || r.default_rc==+1 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGE ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGE || oc==OP_SeekGT );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLT || oc==OP_SeekLE );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLT) ){
      res = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to suppress a compiler warning. */
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[ii]) );
      ExpandBlob(&r.aMem[ii]);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( ii ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+ii, &r.aMem[ii]);
#endif
    }



    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);

  }
  pIdxKey->default_rc = 0;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1; VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
................................................................................
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){
    VdbeBranchTaken(alreadyExists!=0,2);
    if( alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    VdbeBranchTaken(alreadyExists==0,2);
    if( !alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3]
................................................................................
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
  pC->rowidIsValid = res==0 ?1:0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  break;
}
................................................................................
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !pC->useRandomRowid ){


      rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      if( res ){
        v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
      }else{
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pC->pCursor) );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
        if( v>=MAX_ROWID ){
          pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
        }else{
          v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
        }
      }
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    if( pOp->p3 ){
      /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      if( p->pFrame ){
        for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
        pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
      }else{
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
        pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
        memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
      }
      assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
      sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
      assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
      if( pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || pC->useRandomRowid ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      if( v<pMem->u.i+1 ){
        v = pMem->u.i + 1;
      }
      pMem->u.i = v;
    }
#endif



    if( pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
................................................................................
  }
  seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    nZero = pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    nZero = 0;
  }

  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, 0, iKey,
                          pData->z, pData->n, nZero,
                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, seekResult
  );
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
  ** below is always a no-op and cannot fail.  We will run it anyhow, though,
  ** to guard against future changes to the code generator.
  **/
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;


  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pC->pCursor);
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, iKey);
................................................................................

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nIgnore, &res);
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
/* Opcode: RowKey P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=key
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row key for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** The key is copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_RowKey:
case OP_RowData: {
................................................................................
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 ){
    VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
    if( res ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Sort P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  P1 must have
** been opened prior to this opcode or the program will segfault.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
** always either 0 or 1.
**
** P4 is always of type P4_ADVANCE. The function pointer points to
** sqlite3BtreeNext().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
**
** See also: Prev, NextIfOpen
*/
/* Opcode: NextIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Next except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
/* Opcode: Prev P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Back up cursor P1 so that it points to the previous key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there is no previous key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor backup was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  If P1 is
** not open then the behavior is undefined.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
** always either 0 or 1.
**
** P4 is always of type P4_ADVANCE. The function pointer points to
** sqlite3BtreePrevious().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
................................................................................
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  res = pOp->p3;
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  assert( res==0 || (res==1 && pC->isTable==0) );
  testcase( res==1 );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);
  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res==0,2);
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
................................................................................
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
** MakeRecord instructions.  This opcode writes that key
** into the index P1.  Data for the entry is nil.
**
** P3 is a flag that provides a hint to the b-tree layer that this
** insert is likely to be an append.
**
** If P5 has the OPFLAG_NCHANGE bit set, then the change counter is
** incremented by this instruction.  If the OPFLAG_NCHANGE bit is clear,
** then the change counter is unchanged.
**
** If P5 has the OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT bit set, then the cursor must have
** just done a seek to the spot where the new entry is to be inserted.
** This flag avoids doing an extra seek.
**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.default_rc = 0;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID 
** fields at the end.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxGT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**



** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID 
** fields at the end.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID.  Compare this key value against
** the index that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or
** ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**


** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the PRIMARY KEY or ROWID.  Compare this key value against
** the index that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the PRIMARY KEY or
** ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than or equal to the key value then jump
** to P2. Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IdxLE:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE:  {       /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    r.default_rc = -1;
  }else{

    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    r.default_rc = 0;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
  assert( (OP_IdxLE&1)==(OP_IdxLT&1) && (OP_IdxGE&1)==(OP_IdxGT&1) );
  if( (pOp->opcode&1)==(OP_IdxLT&1) ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    res = -res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    res++;
  }
  VdbeBranchTaken(res>0,2);
  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {
  int nChange;
 
  nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], val);
    VdbeBranchTaken(0,2);
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2
**
................................................................................

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, 
                               (u8)(iSet>=0 ? iSet & 0xf : 0xff),
                               pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/* Opcode: Program P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Execute the trigger program passed as P4 (type P4_SUBPROGRAM). 
**
** P1 contains the address of the memory cell that contains the first memory 
** cell in an array of values used as arguments to the sub-program. P2 
** contains the address to jump to if the sub-program throws an IGNORE 
** exception using the RAISE() function. Register P3 contains the address 
** of a memory cell in this (the parent) VM that is used to allocate the 
** memory required by the sub-vdbe at runtime.
**
** P4 is a pointer to the VM containing the trigger program.
**
** If P5 is non-zero, then recursive program invocation is enabled.
*/
case OP_Program: {        /* jump */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory registers for sub-program */
  int nByte;              /* Bytes of runtime space required for sub-program */
  Mem *pRt;               /* Register to allocate runtime space */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Used to iterate through memory cells */
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
................................................................................
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
    pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;

    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( pc==pFrame->pc );
................................................................................
** If P1 is non-zero, then the jump is taken if the database constraint-counter
** is zero (the one that counts deferred constraint violations). If P1 is
** zero, the jump is taken if the statement constraint-counter is zero
** (immediate foreign key constraint violations).
*/
case OP_FkIfZero: {         /* jump */
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    VdbeBranchTaken(db->nDeferredCons==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0, 2);
    if( db->nDeferredCons==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
    VdbeBranchTaken(p->nFkConstraint==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0, 2);
    if( p->nFkConstraint==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
................................................................................
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken( pIn1->u.i>0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);

  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.z = 0;
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pMem, (i64)aRes[i]);
  }    
  break;
};  
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
/* Opcode: JournalMode P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Change the journal mode of database P1 to P3. P3 must be one of the
** PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX values. If changing between the various rollback
** modes (delete, truncate, persist, off and memory), this is a simple
** operation. No IO is required.
**
** If changing into or out of WAL mode the procedure is more complicated.
................................................................................
  Btree *pBt;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(pBt);
  VdbeBranchTaken(rc==SQLITE_DONE,2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  break;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    res = 0;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];

    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
    }
    VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }
  pCur->nullRow = 0;

  break;
................................................................................
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }
  VdbeBranchTaken(!res,2);
  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xUpdate method. P2 values
** are contiguous memory cells starting at P3 to pass to the xUpdate 
** invocation. The value in register (P3+P2-1) corresponds to the 
** p2th element of the argv array passed to xUpdate.
................................................................................
**
** If P2==1 then no insert is performed.  argv[0] is the rowid of
** a row to delete.
**
** P1 is a boolean flag. If it is set to true and the xUpdate call
** is successful, then the value returned by sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() 
** is set to the value of the rowid for the row just inserted.
**
** P5 is the error actions (OE_Replace, OE_Fail, OE_Ignore, etc) to
** apply in the case of a constraint failure on an insert or update.
*/
case OP_VUpdate: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int nArg;
  int i;
  sqlite_int64 rowid;
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);

      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
................................................................................
  }
  pOut->u.i = sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(pBt, newMax);
  break;
}
#endif



/* Opcode: Init * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis:  Start at P2
**
** Programs contain a single instance of this opcode as the very first
** opcode.
**
** If tracing is enabled (by the sqlite3_trace()) interface, then
** the UTF-8 string contained in P4 is emitted on the trace callback.
** Or if P4 is blank, use the string returned by sqlite3_sql().
**
** If P2 is not zero, jump to instruction P2.
*/

case OP_Init: {          /* jump */
  char *zTrace;
  char *z;

  if( pOp->p2 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  if( db->xTrace
   && !p->doingRerun
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    z = sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(p, zTrace);
    db->xTrace(db->pTraceArg, z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("SQL-trace: %s\n", zTrace);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE */
  break;
}



/* Opcode: Noop * * * * *
**
** Do nothing.  This instruction is often useful as a jump
** destination.
*/
................................................................................
    }

#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    {
      u64 elapsed = sqlite3Hwtime() - start;
      pOp->cycles += elapsed;
      pOp->cnt++;




    }
#endif

    /* The following code adds nothing to the actual functionality
    ** of the program.  It is only here for testing and debugging.
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through
    ** the evaluator loop.  So we can leave it out when NDEBUG is defined.
................................................................................
  ** uses it to implement the blob_read(), blob_write() and 
  ** blob_bytes() functions.
  **
  ** The sqlite3_blob_close() function finalizes the vdbe program,
  ** which closes the b-tree cursor and (possibly) commits the 
  ** transaction.
  */
  static const int iLn = __LINE__+4;
  static const VdbeOpList openBlob[] = {
    /* {OP_Transaction, 0, 0, 0},  // 0: Inserted separately */

    {OP_TableLock, 0, 0, 0},       /* 1: Acquire a read or write lock */

    /* One of the following two instructions is replaced by an OP_Noop. */
    {OP_OpenRead, 0, 0, 0},        /* 2: Open cursor 0 for reading */
    {OP_OpenWrite, 0, 0, 0},       /* 3: Open cursor 0 for read/write */

    {OP_Variable, 1, 1, 1},        /* 4: Push the rowid to the stack */
    {OP_NotExists, 0, 10, 1},      /* 5: Seek the cursor */
    {OP_Column, 0, 0, 1},          /* 6  */
    {OP_ResultRow, 1, 0, 0},       /* 7  */
    {OP_Goto, 0, 4, 0},            /* 8  */
    {OP_Close, 0, 0, 0},           /* 9  */
    {OP_Halt, 0, 0, 0},            /* 10 */
  };

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;
................................................................................

    pBlob->pStmt = (sqlite3_stmt *)sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);
    assert( pBlob->pStmt || db->mallocFailed );
    if( pBlob->pStmt ){
      Vdbe *v = (Vdbe *)pBlob->pStmt;
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Transaction, iDb, flags, 
                           pTab->pSchema->schema_cookie,
                           pTab->pSchema->iGeneration);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);     
      sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(openBlob), openBlob, iLn);






      /* Make sure a mutex is held on the table to be accessed */
      sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb); 

      /* Configure the OP_TableLock instruction */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, 1);
#else
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, 1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 1, pTab->tnum);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 1, flags);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, 1, pTab->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
#endif

      /* Remove either the OP_OpenWrite or OpenRead. Set the P2 
      ** parameter of the other to pTab->tnum.  */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, 3 - flags);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 2 + flags, pTab->tnum);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, 2 + flags, iDb);

      /* Configure the number of columns. Configure the cursor to
      ** think that the table has one more column than it really
      ** does. An OP_Column to retrieve this imaginary column will
      ** always return an SQL NULL. This is useful because it means
      ** we can invoke OP_Column to fill in the vdbe cursors type 
      ** and offset cache without causing any IO.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, 2+flags, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(pTab->nCol+1),P4_INT32);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, 6, pTab->nCol);
      if( !db->mallocFailed ){
        pParse->nVar = 1;
        pParse->nMem = 1;
        pParse->nTab = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
      }
    }
................................................................................
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    assert( r2->default_rc==0 );
  }

  *pRes = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, r2, 0);
}

/*
** This function is called to compare two iterator keys when merging 
** multiple b-tree segments. Parameter iOut is the index of the aTree[] 
** value to recalculate.
*/
................................................................................
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else{
        pTab = 0;
      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){
................................................................................
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && pMatch && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol)
     && HasRowid(pMatch->pTab) ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;     /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }

    /*
    ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z
................................................................................
  if( pPrior ) pPrior->pNext = pNew;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLimit, flags);
  pNew->pOffset = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pOffset, flags);
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
  pNew->selFlags = p->selFlags & ~SF_UsesEphemeral;

  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  pNew->nSelectRow = p->nSelectRow;
  pNew->pWith = withDup(db, p->pWith);
  return pNew;
}
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  assert( p==0 );
  return 0;
................................................................................
    case TK_BLOB:
      return 0;
    default:
      return 1;
  }
}



















/*
** Return TRUE if the given expression is a constant which would be
** unchanged by OP_Affinity with the affinity given in the second
** argument.
**
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
................................................................................
    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = (i16)pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_Transaction and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
    ** has already been allocated. So assume sqlite3GetVdbe() is always
    ** successful here.
    */
    assert(v);
    if( iCol<0 ){


      int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
    }else{
      Index *pIdx;                         /* Iterator variable */
................................................................................
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && pIdx->onError!=OE_None))
        ){
          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];


          if( prNotFound && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prNotFound = ++pParse->nMem;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not found an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR", pParse->iNextSelectId
................................................................................
      ** SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity is used
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);

      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, 1, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
................................................................................
          if( isRowid && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE2, &iValToIns) ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InsertInt, pExpr->iTable, r2, iValToIns);
          }else{
            r3 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pE2, r1);
            if( isRowid ){
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r3,
                                sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, pExpr->iTable, r2, r3);
            }else{
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, r3, 1, r2, &affinity, 1);
              sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r3, 1);
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pExpr->iTable, r2);
            }
          }
................................................................................

  /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
  ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
  */
  if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){
    /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
    ** the same. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }

  if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
    /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r1, destIfFalse); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    /* In this case, the RHS is an index b-tree.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, r1, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);

    /* If the set membership test fails, then the result of the 
    ** "x IN (...)" expression must be either 0 or NULL. If the set
................................................................................
      ** cannot contain NULL values. This happens as the result
      ** of a "NOT NULL" constraint in the database schema.
      **
      ** Also run this branch if NULL is equivalent to FALSE
      ** for this particular IN operator.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      /* In this branch, the RHS of the IN might contain a NULL and
      ** the presence of a NULL on the RHS makes a difference in the
      ** outcome.
      */
      int j1, j2;

      /* First check to see if the LHS is contained in the RHS.  If so,
      ** then the presence of NULLs in the RHS does not matter, so jump
      ** over all of the code that follows.
      */
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

      /* Here we begin generating code that runs if the LHS is not
      ** contained within the RHS.  Generate additional code that
      ** tests the RHS for NULLs.  If the RHS contains a NULL then
      ** jump to destIfNull.  If there are no NULLs in the RHS then
      ** jump to destIfFalse.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNot, rRhsHasNull, destIfFalse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, rRhsHasNull, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, rRhsHasNull);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j2);




      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, rRhsHasNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);

      /* The OP_Found at the top of this branch jumps here when true, 
      ** causing the overall IN expression evaluation to fall through.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    }
  }
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {












      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, inReg, SQLITE_STOREP2 | SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_AND:
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
................................................................................
    case TK_REM:
    case TK_BITAND:
    case TK_BITOR:
    case TK_SLASH:
    case TK_LSHIFT:
    case TK_RSHIFT: 
    case TK_CONCAT: {
      assert( TK_AND==OP_And );            testcase( op==TK_AND );
      assert( TK_OR==OP_Or );              testcase( op==TK_OR );
      assert( TK_PLUS==OP_Add );           testcase( op==TK_PLUS );
      assert( TK_MINUS==OP_Subtract );     testcase( op==TK_MINUS );
      assert( TK_REM==OP_Remainder );      testcase( op==TK_REM );
      assert( TK_BITAND==OP_BitAnd );      testcase( op==TK_BITAND );
      assert( TK_BITOR==OP_BitOr );        testcase( op==TK_BITOR );
      assert( TK_SLASH==OP_Divide );       testcase( op==TK_SLASH );
      assert( TK_LSHIFT==OP_ShiftLeft );   testcase( op==TK_LSHIFT );
      assert( TK_RSHIFT==OP_ShiftRight );  testcase( op==TK_RSHIFT );
      assert( TK_CONCAT==OP_Concat );      testcase( op==TK_CONCAT );











      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, r2, r1, target);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
................................................................................
        testcase( regFree2==0 );
      }
      inReg = target;
      break;
    }
    case TK_BITNOT:
    case TK_NOT: {
      assert( TK_BITNOT==OP_BitNot );   testcase( op==TK_BITNOT );
      assert( TK_NOT==OP_Not );         testcase( op==TK_NOT );


      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      inReg = target;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, inReg);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int addr;
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull ); testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, op, r1);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
................................................................................
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE ){
        int endCoalesce = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        assert( nFarg>=2 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
................................................................................
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      r3 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      r4 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Ge,
                  r1, r2, r3, SQLITE_STOREP2);  VdbeCoverage(v);
      pLItem++;
      pRight = pLItem->pExpr;
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pRight, &regFree2);
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      codeCompare(pParse, pLeft, pRight, OP_Le, r1, r2, r4, SQLITE_STOREP2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_And, r3, r4, target);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r3);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r4);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
................................................................................
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Abort ){
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate expression pExpr and store the
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  int inReg;

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( pExpr && pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Copy, pExpr->iTable, target);
  }else{
    inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target);
    assert( pParse->pVdbe || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( inReg!=target && pParse->pVdbe ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(pParse->pVdbe, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
    }
  }

}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate expression pExpr and store the
** results in register target.  The results are guaranteed to appear
** in register target.  If the expression is constant, then this routine
** might choose to code the expression at initialization time.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  if( pParse->okConstFactor && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that evalutes the given expression and puts the result
** in register target.
**
** Also make a copy of the expression results into another "cache" register
................................................................................
** and modify the expression so that the next time it is evaluated,
** the result is a copy of the cache register.
**
** This routine is used for expressions that are used multiple 
** times.  They are evaluated once and the results of the expression
** are reused.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int target){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iMem;


  assert( target>0 );







  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );

  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);


}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe *pOut, Expr *pExpr){
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {












      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( op==TK_IS );
      testcase( op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (op==TK_IS) ? TK_EQ : TK_NE;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      assert( TK_ISNULL==OP_IsNull );   testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull ); testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );


      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, dest);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 1, jumpIfNull);
      break;
................................................................................
      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {






      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, jumpIfNull);
      assert(TK_LT==OP_Lt); testcase(op==OP_Lt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Lt);
      assert(TK_LE==OP_Le); testcase(op==OP_Le); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Le);
      assert(TK_GT==OP_Gt); testcase(op==OP_Gt); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Gt);
      assert(TK_GE==OP_Ge); testcase(op==OP_Ge); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ge);
      assert(TK_EQ==OP_Eq); testcase(op==OP_Eq); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Eq);
      assert(TK_NE==OP_Ne); testcase(op==OP_Ne); VdbeCoverageIf(v,op==OP_Ne);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_IS:
    case TK_ISNOT: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pRight, &regFree2);
      op = (pExpr->op==TK_IS) ? TK_NE : TK_EQ;
      codeCompare(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight, op,
                  r1, r2, dest, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_EQ);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NE);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      testcase( regFree2==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {


      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, r1, dest);
      testcase( op==TK_ISNULL );   VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, dest, 0, jumpIfNull);
      break;
................................................................................
      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", (int)(((u8*)tname.z) - zSql),
       zSql, zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** This C function implements an SQL user function that is used by SQL code
** generated by the ALTER TABLE ... RENAME command to modify the definition
................................................................................
      }while( token==TK_SPACE );

      zParent = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (const char *)z, n);
      if( zParent==0 ) break;
      sqlite3Dequote(zParent);
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp((const char *)zOld, zParent) ){
        char *zOut = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%.*s\"%w\"", 
            (zOutput?zOutput:""), (int)(z-zInput), zInput, (const char *)zNew
        );
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zOutput);
        zOutput = zOut;
        zInput = &z[n];
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zParent);
    }
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", (int)(((u8*)tname.z) - zSql),
       zSql, zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help implement ALTER TABLE
................................................................................
    pVTab = sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
    if( pVTab->pVtab->pModule->xRename==0 ){
      pVTab = 0;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Begin a transaction for database iDb. 
  ** Then modify the schema cookie (since the ALTER TABLE modifies the
  ** schema). Open a statement transaction if the table is a virtual
  ** table.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
................................................................................
    int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int j1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_ReadCookie, iDb, r1, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, minFormat, r2);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ge, r2, 0, r1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, r2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
  }
}

................................................................................
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
    **
    */
    addrRewind = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regChng);
    addrGotoChng0 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  next_row:
    **   regChng = 0
    **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *pColl = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
      aGotoChng[i] = 
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regChng);
    aGotoChng[nCol] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
................................................................................
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
................................................................................
      u8 seekOp = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

................................................................................

  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iTabCur, regStat1);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }
................................................................................

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
    ** set for each database that is used.  Generate code to start a
    ** transaction on each used database and to verify the schema cookie
    ** on each used database.
    */
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 && (pParse->cookieMask || pParse->pConstExpr) ){
      yDbMask mask;
      int iDb, i;
      assert( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, 0)->opcode==OP_Init );
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, 0);
      for(iDb=0, mask=1; iDb<db->nDb; mask<<=1, iDb++){
        if( (mask & pParse->cookieMask)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v,
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          (mask & pParse->writeMask)!=0,     /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */

        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
      codeTableLocks(pParse);

      /* Initialize any AUTOINCREMENT data structures required.
      */
      sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(pParse);

      /* Code constant expressions that where factored out of inner loops */

      if( pParse->pConstExpr ){
        ExprList *pEL = pParse->pConstExpr;

        pParse->okConstFactor = 0;
        for(i=0; i<pEL->nExpr; i++){
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEL->a[i].pExpr, pEL->a[i].u.iConstExprReg);
        }
      }

      /* Finally, jump back to the beginning of the executable code. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 1);
    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && !db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pParse->nTab = 0;
  pParse->nMem = 0;
  pParse->nSet = 0;
  pParse->nVar = 0;
  pParse->cookieMask = 0;

}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
    ** set them now.
    */
    reg1 = pParse->regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    reg2 = pParse->regRoot = ++pParse->nMem;
    reg3 = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_ReadCookie, iDb, reg3, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, reg3); VdbeCoverage(v);
    fileFormat = (db->flags & SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt)!=0 ?
                  1 : SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, fileFormat, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, ENC(db), reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
................................................................................
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)
                    sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKey), P4_KEYINFO);

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse,pIndex,iTab,regRecord,0,&iPartIdxLabel,0,0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pKey->nField - pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}

................................................................................
  /* Sanity checking on calling parameters */
  assert( iStart>=0 );
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( (u32)pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
    pSrc = pNew;
    nGot = (sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pNew) - sizeof(*pSrc))/sizeof(pSrc->a[0])+1;
    pSrc->nAlloc = nGot;
  }

  /* Move existing slots that come after the newly inserted slots
  ** out of the way */
  for(i=pSrc->nSrc-1; i>=iStart; i--){
    pSrc->a[i+nExtra] = pSrc->a[i];
  }
  pSrc->nSrc += nExtra;

  /* Zero the newly allocated slots */
  memset(&pSrc->a[iStart], 0, sizeof(pSrc->a[0])*nExtra);
  for(i=iStart; i<iStart+nExtra; i++){
    pSrc->a[i].iCursor = -1;
  }

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Record the fact that the schema cookie will need to be verified
** for database iDb.  The code to actually verify the schema cookie
** will occur at the end of the top-level VDBE and will be generated












** later, by sqlite3FinishCoding().




*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
















  sqlite3 *db = pToplevel->db;
  yDbMask mask;

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
  assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  mask = ((yDbMask)1)<<iDb;
  if( (pToplevel->cookieMask & mask)==0 ){
    pToplevel->cookieMask |= mask;
    pToplevel->cookieValue[iDb] = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
      sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);

    }
  }
}

/*
** If argument zDb is NULL, then call sqlite3CodeVerifySchema() for each 
** attached database. Otherwise, invoke it for the database named zDb only.
................................................................................
  int iCur             /* Cursor number for ephemerial table */
){
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pSel;
  SrcList *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pView->pSchema);

  pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
  pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);

  if( pFrom ){
    assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
    pFrom->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
    pFrom->a[0].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
  }

  pSel = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);


  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
................................................................................
      if( addrEphOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrEphOpen);
      addrDelete = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto); /* Jump to DELETE logic */
    }else if( pPk ){
      /* Construct a composite key for the row to be deleted and remember it */
      iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
      nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey);
    }else{
      /* Get the rowid of the row to be deleted and remember it in the RowSet */
      nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
    }
  
................................................................................
    */
    if( okOnePass ){
      /* Just one row.  Hence the top-of-loop is a no-op */
      assert( nKey==nPk ); /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
................................................................................
                               iKey, nKey, count, OE_Default, okOnePass);
    }
  
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     
  
    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
................................................................................
                         iDataCur, iIdxCur, iPk, (int)nPk));

  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  opSeek = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;
  if( !bNoSeek ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotExists);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotFound);
  }
 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
  if( sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) || pTrigger ){
    u32 mask;                     /* Mask of OLD.* columns in use */
    int iCol;                     /* Iterator used while populating OLD.* */
    int addrStart;                /* Start of BEFORE trigger programs */
................................................................................
    pParse->nMem += (1 + pTab->nCol);

    /* Populate the OLD.* pseudo-table register array. These values will be 
    ** used by any BEFORE and AFTER triggers that exist.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, iPk, iOld);
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
      testcase( mask!=0xffffffff && iCol==31 );
      testcase( mask!=0xffffffff && iCol==32 );
      if( mask==0xffffffff || (iCol<=31 && (mask & MASKBIT32(iCol))!=0) ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, iCol, iOld+iCol+1);
      }
    }

    /* Invoke BEFORE DELETE trigger programs. */
    addrStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
................................................................................
    /* If any BEFORE triggers were coded, then seek the cursor to the 
    ** row to be deleted again. It may be that the BEFORE triggers moved
    ** the cursor or of already deleted the row that the cursor was
    ** pointing to.
    */
    if( addrStart<sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotExists);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, opSeek==OP_NotFound);
    }

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0, 0, 0);
  }
................................................................................
  ** to check if deleting this row resolves any outstanding violations.
  **
  ** Check if any of the key columns in the child table row are NULL. If 
  ** any are, then the constraint is considered satisfied. No need to 
  ** search for a matching row in the parent table.  */
  if( nIncr<0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, iOk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    int iReg = aiCol[i] + regData + 1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  if( isIgnore==0 ){
    if( pIdx==0 ){
      /* If pIdx is NULL, then the parent key is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY
      ** column of the parent table (table pTab).  */
      int iMustBeInt;               /* Address of MustBeInt instruction */
................................................................................
      /* Invoke MustBeInt to coerce the child key value to an integer (i.e. 
      ** apply the affinity of the parent key). If this fails, then there
      ** is no matching parent key. Before using MustBeInt, make a copy of
      ** the value. Otherwise, the value inserted into the child key column
      ** will have INTEGER affinity applied to it, which may not be correct.  */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, aiCol[0]+1+regData, regTemp);
      iMustBeInt = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regTemp, 0);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
      ** increment the constraint-counter.  */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regData, iOk, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      }
  
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
................................................................................
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      }
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTemp, nCol, regRec,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), nCol);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iCur, iOk, regRec, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regTemp, nCol);
    }
  }

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)
................................................................................
  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->pTable==pTab );
  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nKeyCol==pFKey->nCol );
  assert( pIdx!=0 || pFKey->nCol==1 );
  assert( pIdx!=0 || HasRowid(pTab) );

  if( nIncr<0 ){
    iFkIfZero = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* Create an Expr object representing an SQL expression like:
  **
  **   <parent-key1> = <child-key1> AND <parent-key2> = <child-key2> ...
  **
  ** The collation sequence used for the comparison should be that of
................................................................................
      ** when this statement is run.  */
      FKey *p;
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( p->isDeferred || (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) ) break;
      }
      if( !p ) return;
      iSkip = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 1, iSkip); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    pParse->disableTriggers = 1;
    sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pName, 0), 0);
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
................................................................................
    **
    ** If the SQLITE_DeferFKs flag is set, then this is not required, as
    ** the statement transaction will not be rolled back even if FK
    ** constraints are violated.
    */
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
          OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);
    }

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
................................................................................
        ** missing, behave as if it is empty. i.e. decrement the relevant
        ** FK counter for each row of the current table with non-NULL keys.
        */
        Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + pFKey->nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
          int iReg = pFKey->aCol[i].iFrom + regOld + 1;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, iReg, iJump); VdbeCoverage(v);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, -1);
      }
      continue;
    }
    assert( pFKey->nCol==1 || (aiFree && pIdx) );

................................................................................
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_NONE affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_NONE values and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character column:


**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'a'            TEXT
**  'b'            NONE
**  'c'            NUMERIC
**  'd'            INTEGER
**  'e'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;






  char *zColAff = pTab->zColAff;
  if( zColAff==0 ){

    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);

    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;

    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  i = sqlite3Strlen30(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zColAff, i);
    }

  }
}

/*
** Return non-zero if the table pTab in database iDb or any of its indices
** have been opened at any point in the VDBE program beginning at location
** iStartAddr throught the end of the program.  This is used to see if 
** a statement of the form  "INSERT INTO <iDb, pTab> SELECT ..." can 
** run without using temporary table for the results of the SELECT. 
*/
static int readsTable(Parse *p, int iDb, Table *pTab){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  int i;
  int iEnd = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  VTable *pVTab = IsVirtual(pTab) ? sqlite3GetVTable(p->db, pTab) : 0;
#endif

  for(i=1; i<iEnd; i++){
    VdbeOp *pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, i);
    assert( pOp!=0 );
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead && pOp->p3==iDb ){
      Index *pIndex;
      int tnum = pOp->p2;
      if( tnum==pTab->tnum ){
        return 1;
................................................................................
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, memId, memId+1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, memId-1, 0, p->pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 0, addr+9); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, memId-1, addr+7, memId); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 1, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr+9);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }
}

/*
** Update the maximum rowid for an autoincrement calculation.
................................................................................
  AutoincInfo *p;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  assert( v );
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    int j1;
    int iRec;
    int memId = p->regCtr;

    iRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenWrite);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, memId+1); VdbeCoverage(v);





    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, memId+1);



    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, memId-1, 2, iRec);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, iRec, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iRec);
  }
}
................................................................................
/*
** If SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT is defined, then the three routines
** above are all no-ops
*/
# define autoIncBegin(A,B,C) (0)
# define autoIncStep(A,B,C)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */





























































































/* Forward declaration */
static int xferOptimization(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  Table *pDest,         /* The table we are inserting into */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
................................................................................
**           close cursors
**         end foreach
**
** The 3rd template is for when the second template does not apply
** and the SELECT clause does not read from <table> at any time.
** The generated code follows this template:
**

**         X <- A
**         goto B
**      A: setup for the SELECT
**         loop over the rows in the SELECT
**           load values into registers R..R+n
**           yield X
**         end loop
**         cleanup after the SELECT


**         end-coroutine X
**      B: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**      C: yield X, at EOF goto D

**         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
**         goto C
**      D: cleanup
**
** The 4th template is used if the insert statement takes its
** values from a SELECT but the data is being inserted into a table
** that is also read as part of the SELECT.  In the third form,
** we have to use a intermediate table to store the results of
** the select.  The template is like this:
**

**         X <- A
**         goto B
**      A: setup for the SELECT
**         loop over the tables in the SELECT
**           load value into register R..R+n
**           yield X
**         end loop
**         cleanup after the SELECT

**         end co-routine R

**      B: open temp table
**      L: yield X, at EOF goto M

**         insert row from R..R+n into temp table
**         goto L
**      M: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**         rewind temp table
**      C: loop over rows of intermediate table
**           transfer values form intermediate table into <table>
**         end loop
................................................................................
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
  int ipkColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */

  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */

  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  Db *pDb;              /* The database containing table being inserted into */
  u8 useTempTable = 0;  /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  u8 appendFlag = 0;    /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  u8 withoutRowid;      /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 bIdListInOrder = 1; /* True if IDLIST is in table order */
  ExprList *pList = 0;  /* List of VALUES() to be inserted  */

  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
  int regData;          /* register holding first column to insert */

  int *aRegIdx = 0;     /* One register allocated to each index */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;                 /* True if attempting to insert into a view */
  Trigger *pTrigger;          /* List of triggers on pTab, if required */
  int tmask;                  /* Mask of trigger times */
#endif
................................................................................
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

  /* If this is an AUTOINCREMENT table, look up the sequence number in the
  ** sqlite_sequence table and store it in memory cell regAutoinc.
  */
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDb, pTab);

  /* Allocate registers for holding the rowid of the new row,
  ** the content of the new row, and the assemblied row record.
  */
  regRowid = regIns = pParse->nMem+1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol + 1;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowid++;
    pParse->nMem++;
  }
  regData = regRowid+1;

  /* If the INSERT statement included an IDLIST term, then make sure
  ** all elements of the IDLIST really are columns of the table and 
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the ipkColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  ipkColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the INTEGER
  ** PRIMARY KEY in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)
  */
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( i!=j ) bIdListInOrder = 0;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            ipkColumn = i;  assert( !withoutRowid );
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) && !withoutRowid ){
          ipkColumn = i;
        }else{
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %S has no column named %s",
              pTabList, 0, pColumn->a[i].zName);
          pParse->checkSchema = 1;
          goto insert_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Figure out how many columns of data are supplied.  If the data
  ** is coming from a SELECT statement, then generate a co-routine that
  ** produces a single row of the SELECT on each invocation.  The
  ** co-routine is the common header to the 3rd and 4th templates.
  */
  if( pSelect ){
    /* Data is coming from a SELECT.  Generate a co-routine to run the SELECT */
    int regYield;       /* Register holding co-routine entry-point */
    int addrTop;        /* Top of the co-routine */
    int rc;             /* Result code */


    regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
    sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
    dest.iSdst = bIdListInOrder ? regData : 0;
    dest.nSdst = pTab->nCol;
    rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
    regFromSelect = dest.iSdst;
    assert( pParse->nErr==0 || rc );
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) goto insert_cleanup;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, regYield);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop - 1);                       /* label B: */
    assert( pSelect->pEList );
    nColumn = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;


    /* Set useTempTable to TRUE if the result of the SELECT statement
    ** should be written into a temporary table (template 4).  Set to
    ** FALSE if each output row of the SELECT can be written directly into
    ** the destination table (template 3).
    **
    ** A temp table must be used if the table being updated is also one
    ** of the tables being read by the SELECT statement.  Also use a 
    ** temp table in the case of row triggers.
    */
    if( pTrigger || readsTable(pParse, iDb, pTab) ){
      useTempTable = 1;
    }

    if( useTempTable ){
      /* Invoke the coroutine to extract information from the SELECT
      ** and add it to a transient table srcTab.  The code generated
      ** here is from the 4th template:
      **
      **      B: open temp table
      **      L: yield X, goto M at EOF

      **         insert row from R..R+n into temp table
      **         goto L
      **      M: ...
      */
      int regRec;          /* Register to hold packed record */
      int regTempRowid;    /* Register to hold temp table ROWID */
      int addrL;           /* Label "L" */


      srcTab = pParse->nTab++;
      regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      regTempRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, srcTab, nColumn);
      addrL = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm); VdbeCoverage(v);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regFromSelect, nColumn, regRec);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, srcTab, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, srcTab, regRec, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrL);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrL);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTempRowid);
    }
  }else{
    /* This is the case if the data for the INSERT is coming from a VALUES
    ** clause
    */
................................................................................
    nColumn = pList ? pList->nExpr : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    ipkColumn = pTab->iPKey;
  }

  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.
  */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      nHidden += (IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ? 1 : 0);
................................................................................
       pTabList, 0, pTab->nCol-nHidden, nColumn);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  if( pColumn!=0 && nColumn!=pColumn->nId ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d values for %d columns", nColumn, pColumn->nId);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }














































    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }
................................................................................
  }

  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
    **
    **         rewind temp table, if empty goto D
    **      C: loop over rows of intermediate table
    **           transfer values form intermediate table into <table>
    **         end loop
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrInsTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, srcTab); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrCont = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 3):
    **
    **      C: yield X, at EOF goto D

    **         insert the select result into <table> from R..R+n
    **         goto C
    **      D: ...
    */
    addrInsTop = addrCont = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }












  /* Run the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers, if there are any
  */
  endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    int regCols = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pTab->nCol+1);

    /* build the NEW.* reference row.  Note that if there is an INTEGER
................................................................................
      assert( !withoutRowid );
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regCols);
      }else{
        assert( pSelect==0 );  /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regCols);
      }
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regCols); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regCols); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* Cannot have triggers on a virtual table. If it were possible,
    ** this block would have to account for hidden column.
    */
    assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );

................................................................................

    /* If this is an INSERT on a view with an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger,
    ** do not attempt any conversions before assembling the record.
    ** If this is a real table, attempt conversions as required by the
    ** table column affinities.
    */
    if( !isView ){

      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regCols+1);
    }

    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
................................................................................
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
        if( ALWAYS(pOp) && pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
................................................................................
      }
      /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRowid
      ** to generate a unique primary key value.
      */
      if( !appendFlag ){
        int j1;
        if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regRowid); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        }else{
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRowid, j1+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRowid); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) || withoutRowid ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
................................................................................
    nHidden = 0;
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      int iRegStore = regRowid+1+i;
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        /* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
        ** Whenever this column is read, the rowid will be substituted
        ** in its place.  Hence, fill this column with a NULL to avoid
        ** taking up data space with information that will never be used.
        ** As there may be shallow copies of this value, make it a soft-NULL */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SoftNull, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      if( pColumn==0 ){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ){
          assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
          j = -1;
          nHidden++;
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
          if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
        }
      }
      if( j<0 || nColumn==0 || (pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId) ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, iRegStore);
      }else if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j, iRegStore); 
      }else if( pSelect ){
        if( regFromSelect!=regData ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+j, iRegStore);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr, iRegStore);
      }
    }

    /* Generate code to check constraints and generate index keys and
    ** do the insertion.
................................................................................
  }

  /* The bottom of the main insertion loop, if the data source
  ** is a SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
  if( useTempTable ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, srcTab, addrCont); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

................................................................................
  int onError;         /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int j1;              /* Addresss of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0;  /* True if the OP_Affinity operation has been run */
  int regRowid = -1;   /* Register holding ROWID value */

  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
................................................................................
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regNewData+1+i); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has change, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If the response to a rowid conflict is REPLACE but the response
    ** to some other UNIQUE constraint is FAIL or IGNORE, then we need
    ** to defer the running of the rowid conflict checking until after
    ** the UNIQUE constraints have run.
    */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check to see if the new rowid already exists in the table.  Skip
    ** the following conflict logic if it does not. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, addrRowidOk, regNewData);
    VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Generate code that deals with a rowid collision */
    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
................................................................................
  for(ix=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, ix++){
    int regIdx;          /* Range of registers hold conent for pIdx */
    int regR;            /* Range of registers holding conflicting PK */
    int iThisCur;        /* Cursor for this UNIQUE index */
    int addrUniqueOk;    /* Jump here if the UNIQUE constraint is satisfied */

    if( aRegIdx[ix]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip indices that do not change */
    if( bAffinityDone==0 ){
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNewData+1);
      bAffinityDone = 1;
    }
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
................................................................................
      }else{
        x = iField + regNewData + 1;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);

    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
    ** primary key, then no collision is possible.  The collision detection
    ** logic below can all be skipped. */
................................................................................
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    
    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NoConflict, iThisCur, addrUniqueOk,
                         regIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Generate code to handle collisions */
    regR = (pIdx==pPk) ? regIdx : sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPkField);
    if( isUpdate || onError==OE_Replace ){
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iThisCur, regR);
        /* Conflict only if the rowid of the existing index entry
        ** is different from old-rowid */
        if( isUpdate ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regR, addrUniqueOk, regOldData);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
................................................................................
            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
            VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Eq);
            VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Ne);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
................................................................................
){
  Vdbe *v;            /* Prepared statements under construction */
  Index *pIdx;        /* An index being inserted or updated */
  u8 pik_flags;       /* flag values passed to the btree insert */
  int regData;        /* Content registers (after the rowid) */
  int regRec;         /* Register holding assemblied record for the table */
  int i;              /* Loop counter */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0; /* True if OP_Affinity has been run already */

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    bAffinityDone = 1;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdxCur+i, aRegIdx[i]);
    pik_flags = 0;
    if( useSeekResult ) pik_flags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      assert( pParse->nested==0 );
      pik_flags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
................................................................................
    }
    if( pik_flags )  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
  }
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) return;
  regData = regNewData + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);
  if( !bAffinityDone ) sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, 0);
  sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);
  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
    pik_flags = OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    pik_flags |= (isUpdate?OPFLAG_ISUPDATE:OPFLAG_LASTROWID);
  }
................................................................................
    **     of index entries might need to change.)
    **
    ** (2) The destination has a unique index.  (The xfer optimization 
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pDest);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
      autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
    }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
    }else{
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pDest->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbDest, pDest->tnum, 1, pDest->zName);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbSrc, pSrc->tnum, 0, pSrc->zName);
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }
  if( emptySrcTest ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);
  if( emptyDestTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
................................................................................
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
................................................................................
    };
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize,iLn);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+6, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */
        static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
        };
        int iAddr;
        iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6, iLn);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
      }
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM: {
    int iLimit, addr;
    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
................................................................................
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      assert( pParse->nErr>0 || pFK==0 );
      if( pFK ) break;
      if( pParse->nTab<i ) pParse->nTab = i;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        pIdx = 0;
        aiCols = 0;
        if( pParent ){
          x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, &aiCols);
          assert( x==0 );
................................................................................
        addrOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        if( pParent && pIdx==0 ){
          int iKey = pFK->aCol[0].iFrom;
          assert( iKey>=0 && iKey<pTab->nCol );
          if( iKey!=pTab->iPKey ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow, 
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[j].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
          if( pParent ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey,

                              sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), pFK->nCol);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult+2, 0, 
                          pFK->zTo, P4_TRANSIENT);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-1, regResult+3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

................................................................................
      int cnt = 0;

      if( OMIT_TEMPDB && i==1 ) continue;
      if( iDb>=0 && i!=iDb ) continue;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); /* Halt if out of errors */
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Do an integrity check of the B-Tree
      **
      ** Begin by filling registers 2, 3, ... with the root pages numbers
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
................................................................................

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, cnt+8 );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Move, 2, 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
................................................................................
        int loopTop;
        int iDataCur, iIdxCur;
        int r1 = -1;

        if( pTab->pIndex==0 ) continue;
        pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);  /* Stop if out of errors */
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead,
                                   1, 0, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4;
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, 0, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, " missing from index ",
                            P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, addr+8, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

................................................................................
    if( zRight && iCookie!=BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT ){
      /* Write the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList setCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,    0,  1,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Integer,        0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_SetCookie,      0,  0,  1},    /* 2 */
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setCookie), setCookie, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+2, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr+2, iCookie);
    }else{
      /* Read the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList readCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,     0,  0,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_ReadCookie,      0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_ResultRow,       1,  1,  0}
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( p ){
    clearSelect(db, p);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
  return p;
}

/*
** Given 1 to 3 identifiers preceding the JOIN keyword, determine the
** type of join.  Return an integer constant that expresses that type
** in terms of the following bit values:
**
**     JT_INNER
................................................................................
    int addr1, addr2;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iLimit, -1);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
  }
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 && iContinue!=0 ){
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iOffset, -1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  int iMem           /* First element */
){
  Vdbe *v;
  int r1;

  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iTab, addrRepeat, iMem, N); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, iMem, N, r1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iTab, r1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
................................................................................
  if( pOrderBy==0 && !hasDistinct ){
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = pEList->nExpr;

  if( pDest->iSdst==0 ){
    pDest->iSdst = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nResultCol;
  }else if( pDest->iSdst+nResultCol > pParse->nMem ){
    /* This is an error condition that can result, for example, when a SELECT
    ** on the right-hand side of an INSERT contains more result columns than
    ** there are columns in the table on the left.  The error will be caught
    ** and reported later.  But we need to make sure enough memory is allocated
    ** to avoid other spurious errors in the meantime. */
    pParse->nMem += nResultCol;


  }
  pDest->nSdst = nResultCol;
  regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult,
                  (eDest==SRT_Output||eDest==SRT_Coroutine)?SQLITE_ECEL_DUP:0);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        pOp->p2 = regPrev;

        iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nResultCol;
        for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
          CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pEList->a[i].pExpr);
          if( i<nResultCol-1 ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regResult+i, iJump, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
           }
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        }
        assert( sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)==iJump );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, regResult, regPrev, nResultCol-1);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      if( eDest==SRT_DistTable ){
        /* If the destination is DistTable, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pOrderBy==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
      }else{
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regResult, iParm, 1);
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */





    case SRT_Coroutine:       /* Send data to a co-routine */
    case SRT_Output: {        /* Return the results */
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pOrderBy ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
................................................................................
      ExprList *pSO;
      pSO = pDest->pOrderBy;
      assert( pSO );
      nKey = pSO->nExpr;
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      r2 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nKey+2);
      r3 = r2+nKey+1;

      if( eDest==SRT_DistQueue ){
        /* If the destination is DistQueue, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on a second ephemeral index that holds all values every previously
        ** added to the queue. */

        addrTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, 0, 
                                        regResult, nResultCol);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r3);
      if( eDest==SRT_DistQueue ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r3);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
      }
      for(i=0; i<nKey; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy,
                          regResult + pSO->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol - 1,
                          r2+i);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.  Except, if
  ** there is a sorter, in which case the sorter has already limited
  ** the output for us.
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N key columns and
** X extra columns.
*/
................................................................................
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  }
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){
    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    int ptab2 = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, ptab2, regSortOut, pOrderBy->nExpr+2);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ptab2, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
  }else{
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
  }
  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* The bottom of the loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrContinue);
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

................................................................................
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( k>=0 && zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
** If an error occurs, return NULL and leave a message in pParse.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( v==0 ){
    v = pParse->pVdbe = sqlite3VdbeCreate(pParse);


    if( v ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Init);
    if( pParse->pToplevel==0
     && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db,SQLITE_FactorOutConst)
    ){
      pParse->okConstFactor = 1;
    }


  }
  return v;
}


/*
** Compute the iLimit and iOffset fields of the SELECT based on the
................................................................................
      if( n==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iBreak);
      }else if( n>=0 && p->nSelectRow>(u64)n ){
        p->nSelectRow = n;
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    if( p->pOffset ){
      p->iOffset = iOffset = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem++;   /* Allocate an extra register for limit+offset */
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pOffset, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "OFFSET counter"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iOffset);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iLimit, iOffset, iOffset+1);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT+OFFSET"));
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, iOffset+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    }
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
................................................................................
    p->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
  }

  /* Detach the ORDER BY clause from the compound SELECT */
  p->pOrderBy = 0;

  /* Store the results of the setup-query in Queue. */
  pSetup->pNext = 0;
  rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSetup, &destQueue);
  pSetup->pNext = p;
  if( rc ) goto end_of_recursive_query;

  /* Find the next row in the Queue and output that row */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iQueue, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);

  /* Transfer the next row in Queue over to Current */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, iCurrent); /* To reset column cache */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iQueue, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regCurrent);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iQueue, regCurrent);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iQueue);

  /* Output the single row in Current */
  addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  codeOffset(v, regOffset, addrCont);
  selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, iCurrent,
      0, 0, pDest, addrCont, addrBreak);
  if( regLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, regLimit, addrBreak, -1);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrCont);

  /* Execute the recursive SELECT taking the single row in Current as
  ** the value for the recursive-table. Store the results in the Queue.
  */
  p->pPrior = 0;
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
................................................................................
  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;


  dest = *pDest;
  if( pPrior->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"ORDER BY clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }
................................................................................
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
      Expr *pLimit, *pOffset; /* Saved values of p->nLimit and p->nOffset */
      int addr;
      SelectDest uniondest;

      testcase( p->op==TK_EXCEPT );
      testcase( p->op==TK_UNION );
      priorOp = SRT_Union;
      if( dest.eDest==priorOp ){
        /* We can reuse a temporary table generated by a SELECT to our
        ** right.
        */


        assert( p->pLimit==0 );      /* Not allowed on leftward elements */
        assert( p->pOffset==0 );     /* Not allowed on leftward elements */
        unionTab = dest.iSDParm;
      }else{
        /* We will need to create our own temporary table to hold the
        ** intermediate results.
        */
        unionTab = pParse->nTab++;
        assert( p->pOrderBy==0 );
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, unionTab, 0);
        assert( p->addrOpenEphm[0] == -1 );
        p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
        findRightmost(p)->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
        assert( p->pEList );
      }

      /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
      */
      assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);
................................................................................
          Select *pFirst = p;
          while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
          generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
        }
        iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, unionTab, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
        iStart = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, unionTab,
                        0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, unionTab, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, unionTab, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: assert( p->op==TK_INTERSECT ); {
      int tab1, tab2;
................................................................................
      tab1 = pParse->nTab++;
      tab2 = pParse->nTab++;
      assert( p->pOrderBy==0 );

      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, tab1, 0);
      assert( p->addrOpenEphm[0] == -1 );
      p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
      findRightmost(p)->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
      assert( p->pEList );

      /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
      */
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
................................................................................
        Select *pFirst = p;
        while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
        generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
      }
      iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UsesEphemeral ){
    int i;                        /* Loop counter */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pNext==0 );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nCol, 1);
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }
    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
................................................................................
  addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* Suppress duplicates for UNION, EXCEPT, and INTERSECT 
  */
  if( regPrev ){
    int j1, j2;
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regPrev); VdbeCoverage(v);
    j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst,
                              (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j2+2, iContinue, j2+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst-1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regPrev);
  }
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

  /* Suppress the first OFFSET entries if there is an OFFSET clause
................................................................................
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.
  */
  if( p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* Generate the subroutine return
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regReturn);

................................................................................
){
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest destA;     /* Destination for coroutine A */
  SelectDest destB;     /* Destination for coroutine B */
  int regAddrA;         /* Address register for select-A coroutine */

  int regAddrB;         /* Address register for select-B coroutine */

  int addrSelectA;      /* Address of the select-A coroutine */
  int addrSelectB;      /* Address of the select-B coroutine */
  int regOutA;          /* Address register for the output-A subroutine */
  int regOutB;          /* Address register for the output-B subroutine */
  int addrOutA;         /* Address of the output-A subroutine */
  int addrOutB = 0;     /* Address of the output-B subroutine */
  int addrEofA;         /* Address of the select-A-exhausted subroutine */
  int addrEofA_noB;     /* Alternate addrEofA if B is uninitialized */
  int addrEofB;         /* Address of the select-B-exhausted subroutine */
  int addrAltB;         /* Address of the A<B subroutine */
  int addrAeqB;         /* Address of the A==B subroutine */
  int addrAgtB;         /* Address of the A>B subroutine */
  int regLimitA;        /* Limit register for select-A */
  int regLimitB;        /* Limit register for select-A */
  int regPrev;          /* A range of registers to hold previous output */
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
 
  /* Separate the left and the right query from one another
  */
  p->pPrior = 0;
  pPrior->pNext = 0;
  sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(pParse, p, p->pOrderBy, "ORDER");
  if( pPrior->pPrior==0 ){
    sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(pParse, pPrior, pPrior->pOrderBy, "ORDER");
  }

  /* Compute the limit registers */
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, labelEnd);
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
  p->pLimit = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
  p->pOffset = 0;

  regAddrA = ++pParse->nMem;

  regAddrB = ++pParse->nMem;

  regOutA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutB = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destA, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrA);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destB, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrB);








  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  addrSelectA = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrA, 0, addrSelectA);
  VdbeComment((v, "left SELECT"));
  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;
  explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, regAddrA);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);


  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
  */
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrB, 0, addrSelectB);
  VdbeComment((v, "right SELECT"));
  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  
  explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, regAddrB);


  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for A"));
  addrOutA = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destA, pDest, regOutA,
................................................................................
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, labelEnd);
  }
  sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyDup);

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select A
  ** are exhausted and only data in select B remains.
  */
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA_noB = addrEofA = labelEnd;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
    addrEofA_noB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, labelEnd);
                                     VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofA);
    p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select B
  ** are exhausted and only data in select A remains.
  */
  if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofB = addrEofA;
    if( p->nSelectRow > pPrior->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-B subroutine"));

    addrEofB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, labelEnd); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofB);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A<B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-lt-B subroutine"));
  addrAltB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A==B
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
  }else if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
    addrAltB++;
  }else{
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-eq-B subroutine"));
    addrAeqB =

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A>B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-gt-B subroutine"));
  addrAgtB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* This code runs once to initialize everything.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA_noB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);





  /* Implement the main merge loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB); VdbeCoverage(v);

  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

  /* Set the number of output columns
  */
................................................................................

  /* Reassembly the compound query so that it will be freed correctly
  ** by the calling function */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;
  pPrior->pNext = p;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expresssions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
................................................................................
    p->pOffset = 0;
    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);
    p->pOffset = pOffset;
    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;

    if( pNew==0 ){
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
    }else{
      pNew->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( pPrior ) pPrior->pNext = pNew;
      pNew->pNext = p;

      p->pPrior = pNew;
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) return 1;
  }

  /* Begin flattening the iFrom-th entry of the FROM clause 
  ** in the outer query.
  */
  pSub = pSub1 = pSubitem->pSelect;
................................................................................
  p->pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ALL, 0));
  p->op = TK_SELECT;
  p->pWhere = 0;
  pNew->pGroupBy = 0;
  pNew->pHaving = 0;
  pNew->pOrderBy = 0;
  p->pPrior = 0;
  p->pNext = 0;
  p->selFlags &= ~SF_Compound;
  assert( pNew->pPrior!=0 );
  pNew->pPrior->pNext = pNew;
  pNew->pLimit = 0;
  pNew->pOffset = 0;
  return WRC_Continue;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
/*
................................................................................
**
** This function is used as the xSelectCallback2() callback by
** sqlite3SelectExpand() when walking a SELECT tree to resolve table
** names and other FROM clause elements. 
*/
static void selectPopWith(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  With *pWith = findRightmost(p)->pWith;
  if( pWith!=0 ){
    assert( pParse->pWith==pWith );
    pParse->pWith = pWith->pOuter;
  }
}
#else
#define selectPopWith 0
#endif

/*
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, findRightmost(p)->pWith, 0);

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
................................................................................
  ** may have been used, invalidating the underlying buffer holding the
  ** text or blob value. See ticket [883034dcb5].
  **
  ** Another solution would be to change the OP_SCopy used to copy cached
  ** values to an OP_Copy.
  */
  if( regHit ){
    addrHitTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regHit); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=0, pC=pAggInfo->aCol; i<pAggInfo->nAccumulator; i++, pC++){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pC->pExpr, pC->iMem);
  }
  pAggInfo->directMode = 0;
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
................................................................................
    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }else if( pTabList->nSrc==1
           && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;

      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;













      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;


      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
      ** to the address of the generated subroutine.  pItem->regReturn
      ** is a register allocated to hold the subroutine return address
................................................................................
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;

      if( pItem->isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
................................................................................
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
  sDistinct.isTnct = (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* If there is are a sequence of queries, do the earlier ones first.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){















    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
................................................................................
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        sAggInfo.sortingIdxPTab = sortPTab = pParse->nTab++;
        sortOut = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, sortPTab, sortOut, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrEnd);
        VdbeComment((v, "GROUP BY sort")); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sAggInfo.useSortingIdx = 1;
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
      }

      /* Evaluate the current GROUP BY terms and store in b0, b1, b2...
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
................................................................................
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, iAMem, iBMem, pGroupBy->nExpr,
                          (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j1+1, 0, j1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);

      /* Generate code that runs whenever the GROUP BY changes.
      ** Changes in the GROUP BY are detected by the previous code
      ** block.  If there were no changes, this block is skipped.
      **
      ** This code copies current group by terms in b0,b1,b2,...
      ** over to a0,a1,a2.  It then calls the output subroutine
      ** and resets the aggregate accumulator registers in preparation
      ** for the next GROUP BY batch.
      */
      sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, iBMem, iAMem, pGroupBy->nExpr);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutputRow, addrOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "output one row"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iAbortFlag, addrEnd); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "check abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      VdbeComment((v, "reset accumulator"));

      /* Update the aggregate accumulators based on the content of
      ** the current row
      */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iUseFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "indicate data in accumulator"));

      /* End of the loop
      */
      if( groupBySort ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrTopOfLoop);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrSortingIdx);
      }

      /* Output the final row of result
      */
................................................................................
      */
      addrSetAbort = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iAbortFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "set abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, pOrderBy,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }




  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int base;
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList dropTrigger[] = {
      { OP_Rewind,     0, ADDR(9),  0},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 1 */
      { OP_Column,     0, 1,        2},
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 4: "trigger" */
      { OP_Column,     0, 0,        2},
................................................................................
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_Delete,     0, 0,        0},
      { OP_Next,       0, ADDR(1),  0}, /* 8 */
    };

    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    base = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v,  ArraySize(dropTrigger), dropTrigger, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, base+1, pTrigger->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, base+4, "trigger", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iDb, 0, 0, pTrigger->zName, 0);
    if( pParse->nMem<3 ){
      pParse->nMem = 3;
................................................................................
    **     INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t2 VALUES(new.a, new.b);
    **   END;
    **
    **   INSERT INTO t1 ... ;            -- insert into t2 uses REPLACE policy
    **   INSERT OR IGNORE INTO t1 ... ;  -- insert into t2 uses IGNORE policy
    */
    pParse->eOrconf = (orconf==OE_Default)?pStep->orconf:(u8)orconf;









    assert( pParse->okConstFactor==0 );

    switch( pStep->op ){
      case TK_UPDATE: {
        sqlite3Update(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pStep->pExprList, 0), 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 
................................................................................
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Top of the update loop */
  if( okOnePass ){
    if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iBaseCur] ){
      assert( pPk!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey, nKey);
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
    }
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* If the record number will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the record number is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  /* Compute the old pre-UPDATE content of the row being changed, if that
  ** information is needed */
  if( chngPk || hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){

    sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNew);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
        TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

    /* The row-trigger may have deleted the row being updated. In this
    ** case, jump to the next row. No updates or AFTER triggers are 
    ** required. This behavior - what happens when the row being updated
    ** is deleted or renamed by a BEFORE trigger - is left undefined in the
    ** documentation.
    */
    if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue,regKey,nKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If it did not delete it, the row-trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their 
    ** registers in case this has happened.
    */
................................................................................
    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
      if( pPk ){
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, 0, regKey, nKey);
      }else{
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, 0, regOldRowid);
      }
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
    }
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, aRegIdx);
  
    /* If changing the record number, delete the old record.  */
    if( hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, 0);
    }
................................................................................
  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  if( okOnePass ){
    /* Nothing to do at end-of-loop for a single-pass */
  }else if( pPk ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addrTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelContinue);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Table, ephemTab);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);

  /* Generate code to scan the ephemeral table and call VUpdate. */
  iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol+1;
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column,  ephemTab, 0, iReg);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, (pRowid?1:0), iReg+1);
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i+1+(pRowid!=0), iReg+2+i);
  }
  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, pTab->nCol+2, iReg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);

  /* Cleanup */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
................................................................................
  int addrBrk;          /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrNxt;          /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
  int addrSkip;         /* Jump here for next iteration of skip-scan */
  int addrCont;         /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
  int addrFirst;        /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
  int addrBody;         /* Beginning of the body of this loop */
  u8 iFrom;             /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
  u8 op, p3, p5;        /* Opcode, P3 & P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on pWLoop->wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);

  /* Count the number of columns that will be added to the index
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);